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Right labia swollen: Labia problems | healthdirect


Labia problems | healthdirect

If you have a problem with your labia, you may — like many women — feel too embarrassed to visit a doctor. Many women aren’t used to talking about their ‘private parts’ when something goes wrong, so here’s what to do if you think you have a labia problem.

What are the labia?

The labia are the ‘lips’ on the outside of the genitals (vulva). They protect the clitoris, vagina and urethra and become engorged during sexual activity.

There are 2 pairs of labia — the lips on the outside of the vagina, known as the labia majora, and the folds of skin on the inside that lead to the vagina, called the labia minora.

The size, shape and colour of the labia are different in every woman. One lip can be a different shape or size from the other. There’s no need to worry about the shape and size of your labia — you can see how much normal labia vary by visiting the Labia Library.

What health conditions affect the labia?

The labia are a very sensitive part of the body and can develop lumps, rashes, cysts and ingrown hairs.

The most common causes of problems with the labia are skin conditions such as dermatitis (eczema) and psoriasis. Some other conditions are listed below.

Labial hypertrophy

Labial hypertrophy is when one or both of the labia are larger than usual. The labia might be enlarged, one lip might be larger than the other, or the labia minora might extend down past the labia majora.

Labial hypertrophy is harmless. It does not affect a woman’s sex life and it is not a medical condition. But it can be uncomfortable or embarrassing, and it might make it difficult to keep the labia clean. Your doctor can advise you about simple solutions like wearing loose-fitting underwear or using an ointment to reduce any irritation.

Labiaplasty is an option for women who are badly affected by labial hypertrophy. This type of surgery usually involves reducing and reshaping the labia, but it’s not recommended for young women until they finish going through puberty.

Fused labia

Fused labia is the term used when the labia majora are joined together. It is quite common in children and normally develops at around the age of 1 or 2. The labia almost always separate by the time the child finishes puberty.

The best thing to do is leave the labia alone. If the fusion is causing your child problems (for example, with going to the toilet) talk to your doctor about whether creams or massage can help. Surgery is a last resort because there’s a high risk that the labia will fuse again.

Swelling of the labia

If your labia are swollen, it could be the sign of a yeast infection, or an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina (called bacterial vaginosis), an allergy or an infection. It could also just be due to friction from having sex.

If it’s getting worse and you also have pain, itching, there is a strong smell, an unusual discharge from your vagina or a lump or bump on the labia, talk to your doctor. Any treatment will depend on what’s causing the swelling.

Bartholin’s cysts

The Bartholin’s glands are on each side of the vagina. If they get blocked, a cyst (a tender or painful lump) can form. The cyst can become infected, with a build-up of pus that will need to be treated with antibiotics. Sometimes Bartholin’s cysts can develop into an abscess.


An abscess is an infection caused by bacteria underneath the skin. They can develop on your labia just outside the vagina in the Bartholin’s glands. They can also be caused by an ingrown hair, waxing or shaving, a piercing, or by an infection in the skin’s glands or a sexually transmitted infection.

Abscesses cause soreness, redness and swelling. Your doctor may recommend antibiotics, a procedure to remove the pus, and sitting in a sitz bath (shallow bath), using a teaspoon of salt per litre of warm water, to ease the pain.


Many women and girls who have psoriasis elsewhere on their body also develop it on the labia. Psoriasis is a red, itchy rash, usually found on the hairy skin, and it can extend to the anus. It can be treated with a cream or ointment, but it often comes back.

Genital warts and genital herpes

Genital warts are bumps that can appear on the labia and other parts of the genitals. They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The warts often go away by themselves but if they are painful or itchy, talk to your doctor about treatments, including special wart paint, freezing or laser treatment. These treatments will only get rid of the warts, not the HPV virus.

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). It can cause blisters or sores on the labia that keep coming back throughout life. If you think you have genital herpes, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible so you can start treatment. Make sure you use condoms and dental dams during sex because you can pass the virus on to your partner.

Lichen sclerosus or planus

Skin conditions that can affect the labia include lichen sclerosus or lichen planus. These can lead to severe itching, burning or stinging, and painful sex. They are thought to be caused by autoimmune disorders and are most common in women after menopause.

If they’re not treated, these conditions can cause scarring. Your doctor can talk to you about treatments including steroids and pain relief medicines.

Looking after your labia

It’s a good idea to get to know your labia so you can see if there are any changes that might be signs of a problem.

Take showers rather than baths, use hypoallergenic toilet paper and laundry detergent, and avoid soap. Gently pat the area dry, without rubbing, and use lubrication during sex if necessary.

Wearing loose fitting clothes and cotton underwear can help, as can using tampons rather than sanitary pads.

If you have a labia condition, a cool gel pack can help with discomfort.

When should I see my doctor?

It’s a good idea to see your doctor if you have symptoms that won’t go away, such as burning and itching or pain. If you’re embarrassed, using healthdirect’s Question Builder can help you get ready for a conversation with your doctor. And remember: you can always ask to see a female doctor if you would prefer.

CHECK YOUR SYMPTOMS — Use the sexual health and lower body Symptom Checker and find out if you need to seek medical help.

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Swollen Labia: Causes, Treatment, and More

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Infections, cysts, and allergic reactions are just a few things that can cause swelling in your labia. If wearing loose clothing, applying a cool compress, and using lubrication during sex doesn’t ease the discomfort, it’s best to get medical attention.

The labia are known as the “lips” of the vagina. The labia majora is a fold of skin on the outside of the vaginal area, while the labia minora is the inner lip leading to the vagina. Their function is to protect the vagina and clitoris from irritation and injury.

It’s natural for the labia to vary in size — from woman to woman and even from one side of the labia to the other. But infections, allergies, cysts and other conditions can produce noticeable labia swelling and pain.

Besides inflammation of the labia, other symptoms of problems with your labia and the vagina it surrounds may include:

  • genital itching or burning
  • discharge from the vaginal area
  • a foul smell coming from the vagina
  • a small bump on the labia
  • pain when walking or sitting

Given the delicate tissue of the labia, it’s not surprising that both the labia majora and minora are susceptible to swelling. Some common causes include:

Yeast infections

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 3 out of 4 women will have a yeast infection at some point during their lifetimes. Overgrowth of yeast — the most common culprit being Candida — can cause swelling, burning, and itchiness of the entire vaginal area, including the labia.

This overgrowth can be due to antibiotic use, pregnancy, diabetes, or oral contraceptive use. Some women may also experience a cottage-cheese-like discharge.

Bacterial vaginosis

Much like a yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis occurs when there is an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. This can occur because of douching, having multiple sex partners, or just normally having a low level of the “good” bacteria in your vagina, which allows the “bad” bacteria to take over.

Symptoms include a greenish, whitish, or grayish thin discharge that has a “fishy” smell and vaginal itching, although some women have no symptoms at all. Check out some home remedies for this condition.


According to the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, trichomoniasis (“trich”) is a common sexually transmitted disease that currently affects 3.7 million people. It’s caused by a parasite and in 70 percent of people doesn’t result in symptoms. When symptoms do arise, they include swelling, itching, and burning of the vaginal region, painful urination, and an extremely fishy vaginal odor.


When your skin comes into contact with something it’s allergic to, it’s likely to swell. So when the labia are irritated by allergens like the perfumes in soap or detergents, latex in condoms, or certain fabrics in clothing, it’s not uncommon for redness and inflammation to occur.

Bartholin’s cyst

About 2 percent of women (mostly in their 20s) will get Bartholin’s cysts. These cysts occur when the Bartholin glands, which lie just outside the vagina, become blocked. These glands secrete moisture, helping the vagina become lubricated for sex. Many women won’t know they have a cyst unless it becomes infected. When that occurs, the cyst can cause skin around the vagina and labia to become painful and tender.

Sex without enough lubrication

The act of sex involves a lot of friction, which can cause trauma to your labia and entire vaginal area unless it’s properly lubricated. Use this guide to find the best lubrication for you.

Your doctor (usually a gynecologist) will ask about your medical and sexual history as well as your symptoms and then do a physical exam. A swab or, less commonly, a tissue sample may be taken and sent to a lab to determine if you have an infection, and if so, whether it is bacterial, parasitic, or fungal in nature.

Your doctor will also look for any abnormalities, like a cyst. If there’s any suspicion of vaginal or vulvar cancer, your doctor may perform a biopsy of the tissue.

Treatment will largely depend on what’s causing your labia to swell. If you have a yeast infection, your doctor may tell you to use over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal creams or prescribe one to you. Bacterial infections may require antibiotics.

Labia irritation from allergies or sex may respond to OTC or prescription hydrocortisone or steroid creams. A particularly problematic Bartholin’s cyst may need to be lanced and drained or even surgically removed.

Try the following to help treat and prevent labia swelling:

  • Apply a cool compress to the swollen area.
  • If a cyst is causing swelling and pain, try taking several warm (not hot) baths a day and take OTC painkillers.
  • Don’t douche. It can upset the normal balance of “good” and “bad” bacteria in the vagina.
  • Don’t wear tight clothing, including tight underwear or confining pantyhose. Tight clothing generates heat and limits airflow, allowing bacteria and fungi to grow.
  • If you think you might be sensitive to them, stay away from perfumed detergents, soaps, and feminine products.
  • If you’re allergic to latex or spermicide, talk to your doctor about other birth control methods.
  • Refrain from sex if it’s painful.
  • Use a lubricant to reduce friction during sex.
  • Add yogurt (with live active cultures) and probiotics to your diet.

In addition, you may want to investigate herbal treatments. In one study, a vaginal cream made with garlic and thyme was as effective in relieving vaginal yeast infections as the commonly prescribed antifungal cream clotrimozole.

Tea tree oil, organic coconut oil, and oil of oregano may also be therapeutic, though this hasn’t been proven. Any of these herbal treatments may cause an itchy rash or other symptoms if you’re sensitive to them.

Most cases of swollen labia aren’t serious. If the swelling is chronic, painful, or accompanied by other symptoms, such as a vaginal odor, bump, or discharge, definitely have it checked out by a doctor.

Swelling of the labia isn’t uncommon, and effective treatment is available. Most women will recover without any lasting consequences, although in some cases the swelling can recur.

Why swollen labia and what to do?

Why swollen labia

Some women, faced with a pathological lesion of intimate areas, are horrified and embarrassed by the need to seek help from a qualified doctor. Such an occasion to come to the gynecologist may be a situation when the labia is swollen, and if this is accompanied by redness, unpleasant vaginal discharge, itching and pain symptoms, then it becomes scary to hear the diagnosis.

Why labia swell

Knowledge is not redundant. And, before you go to see a doctor, it would not be superfluous to get acquainted with the reasons that can answer the question of why the labia swell? The reasons provoking swelling of this intimate zone can be quite extensive, and before proceeding to stop the problem, it is necessary to correctly determine the source, since only by eliminating it, you can get rid of unpleasant symptoms.

  • Bartholinitis can be considered one of the most common diseases that provoke a tumor of the labia. This is an inflammatory process caused by an infection that has entered the woman’s body, occurring in the Bartholin gland and burdened with purulent foci. The gland is located directly at the “entrance” into the vagina. A cyst, which had previously formed in the gland and began to fester, is also capable of provoking such a manifestation.
  • The symptoms of this disease can be identified as hyperemia of the epidermis, which is located in the immediate vicinity of the outlet duct of the gland, as a result of ongoing inflammation. There is swelling of the labia, their area becomes painful, especially the discomfort is aggravated by walking and intercourse. Bartholinitis can be aggravated by purulent abscesses and cysts.

    If the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, then the result of therapy is quite favorable, perhaps even self-healing. Otherwise, bartholinitis comes to an abscess. The ongoing inflammatory and purulent process often causes an increase in body temperature.

    The task of the Bartholin gland is the production of “lubrication” (special mucus). If there is a malfunction in its work and the production of mucus decreases, this causes dryness of the reproductive organs, which brings discomfort during coitus and injury to the genitals.

  • The second cause that provokes swelling of the labia is vulvovaginitis (an inflammatory process in the tissues of the labia). The reason for its appearance may be: irritation of the labia by mechanical contact or due to vaginal discharge, which have undergone a composite adjustment due to the lack or lack of hygiene of this intimate area. With this pathology, a woman can observe swelling of the genital organs, feel itching and other manifestations that lead to discomfort.
  • Quite common is candidiasis (or it is also known as thrush), which gives similar symptoms. A distinctive feature of this disease are: curdled discharge from the vagina, an unpleasant sour smell, itching, pain symptoms inside the vagina directly during intercourse.
  • Pain in the intimate area, and directly in the labia, their swelling, the cause of which is difficult to establish, may be the result of progressive vulvodynia, which is provoked by prolonged use of antibiotics or in the case of chronic candidiasis.
  • If the labia is swollen, but in addition there is painful urination and unpleasant fetid discharge of a greenish-yellow tint, the skin itches, such symptoms may indicate the presence of one of such diseases as vulvitis (inflammation of the external genital organs) or vaginitis (inflammation of the vagina). This pathology could be provoked by the lack of hygiene of the reproductive organs, abortion, trauma, frequent change of sexual partner, and many others.
  • The cause of puffiness can also be an allergic reaction of the sensitive skin of intimate areas to the friction of underwear or the material of the product.

You should not assign yourself a diagnosis on your own, only a qualified specialist can diagnose the correct one. The diagnosis is made on the basis of a complex of gynecological examinations and examinations, bacterioscopy. Only after that, a therapy protocol is signed for a specific reason, which includes antibacterial and immunomodulatory drugs, special medical procedures and other necessary measures.

When the labia minora swells

Everything in the human body is harmonious, not the last role in the life of a woman is played by the labia minora, which begin to grow and develop during the puberty of a girl along with her breasts. In Western countries, they are of the opinion that it is not correct to divide this organ into small and large labia, since in thirty percent of women the so-called small lips are larger in size than large ones. Therefore, there you can find the phrase inner labia – internal, outer labia – outer labia.

If you are worried that the labia minora is swollen, you should not immediately panic. First of all, it is worth understanding the reason for such swelling. Nature initially laid down that the small lips swell in the process of sexual fantasies, direct mechanical stimulation of the reproductive organs of a woman or in the case of direct sexual contact – and this is an absolute norm. Such swelling is not dangerous, and subsequently, when sexual arousal subsides, the size of the labia minora returns to its original state and dimensional parameters.

If the labia minora is swollen during arousal, then this is not only safe, but also brings certain benefits, preparing the hostess for further intimate life. This natural physiological process usually subsides after an hour or two after peak excitement, sometimes such a regression drags on for four to twelve hours.

Increased swelling of the inner labia can be observed already in an adult woman in the process of coition itself and the reason for this may be rubbing them with the partner’s reproductive organ. As a rule, in this case, the use of a special anti-allergenic lubricant is sufficient. Some girls are worried about the dangers of masturbation. You need to calm them down right away. If, in the process of arousal, a woman does not have a rough, damaging effect on her organs, then there is nothing to worry about. Due to self-satisfaction, if the above is fulfilled, there is no coarsening or redness of the skin, there is no change in their original size. All gossip and conjectures are connected with simple ignorance of physiology.

And now it’s worth figuring out in which case it is necessary to sound the alarm and seek the advice of a doctor.

  • If there is a change in the consistency, odor or color of the vaginal discharge.
  • If a woman begins to feel discomfort in the genital area, itching (in such a situation, it is first necessary to make sure that the delicate skin is not damaged by cracks or scratches, which are easy to get when removing hair in the intimate area).
  • In the event that previously unobserved indurations are felt during palpation.
  • The appearance of various neoplasms on the skin.

In such a situation, you should not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment, such self-confidence can be quite dangerous and lead to undesirable consequences. It would be more reasonable to undergo an examination by an obstetrician – gynecologist and get his advice, which should not be postponed.

Causes of swelling of the labia majora

If a woman feels that her big lip is swollen and this brings some discomfort, you should not let everything take its course, follow it, you may be able to independently determine the cause of the swelling.

  • These may be natural, physiologically based processes that will not bring any harm.
  • The reason that the large lip is swollen may be an infection that is sexually transmitted.
  • This may also be due to a lack of hygiene of the genitals.
  • Infectious and parasitic lesions can also provoke an increase in the size of the outer parts of the intimate zone.
  • Puffiness can be provoked by tight, uncomfortable clothes that rub underwear.

Therefore, if the pathology does not go away, one cannot do without the help of a specialist. And you shouldn’t put off going to the doctor until later.

Causes of itching and swelling of the labia

The skin in the area of ​​the labia is particularly sensitive, so if a woman begins to feel itching and swollen labia in the intimate area, then it is definitely necessary to pay more attention to this problem. These two combinations can be symptoms of rather unpleasant diseases, but only a doctor can determine the correct cause of the pathology. Therefore, if the irritation persists, and did not arise, for example, after shaving the intimate area and is able to disappear on its own, you should consult a gynecologist. The doctor will conduct a visual examination and prescribe a number of diagnostic studies, only after that we can talk about an adequate diagnosis and the appointment of effective therapy.

A medical problem when itching and swollen labia is felt, and which must be solved by medication, may be the following pathology:

Vulvovaginitis – inflammation occurring in the external genitalia. It can develop due to irritation caused by rubbing with underwear (the size or model does not fit) or due to an allergic reaction of the girl’s skin to the material of the underwear itself or its trim (lace, rollers, elastic bands). Vulvovaginitis can also develop as a result of active, rough, damaging the skin, masturbation. Mostly, it occurs in teenagers. And also pathology can appear due to infection, wearing dirty panties, failure to follow the basic rules of intimate hygiene.

In addition to the already indicated symptoms, this disease is also noted by such manifestations:

  • pain symptoms during urination and movement.
  • hyperemia of the skin.
  • may add unnatural discharge, mostly greenish-yellow hue and their unpleasant odor.
  • The appearance of pain symptoms in the area of ​​the vaginal entrance may indicate vulvodynia. This pathology is quite difficult to diagnose, as it is capable of covering more than one organ with a lesion. Vulvodynia is an inflammatory process that captures the nerve endings located in the vulva. In addition to problematic diagnosis, this pathology is also distinguished by a long period of treatment therapy, which is based on antibiotics. The symptomatology of this disease is akin to many diseases of the genital area, including sexually transmitted infections. And the correct diagnosis is not only a physiological problem, but also a psychological one. After all, no one wants to hear that he, for example, is infected with syphilis.
  • Itching and swollen labia can also be caused by thrush (or candidiasis), the causative agent that becomes candida, parasites of fungal origin. In any healthy organism, they are present in a limited amount, but if, in the event of certain circumstances, their quantitative growth occurs, affecting the microflora of the vagina, in this case, doctors talk about candidiasis.
  • Additional symptoms may include pain during and after intercourse. Their localization is the vagina itself and the entrance to it. There is also redness and irritation of the skin, there are discharges similar to cottage cheese with an unpleasant sour smell, which irritate the sensitive skin of the intimate zone.
  • Gardnerellosis – this is another possible cause of swelling and itching of the external genitalia. This disease can also be called vaginal dysbacteriosis. The causative agent of this pathology is the parasitic microorganism Gardnella vaginalis.

In addition to the already known symptoms, this pathology is different:

  • The appearance of pain in the genitals and in the groin.
  • There is painful urination.
  • The discharge becomes watery, becomes frothy, the color becomes grayish green. The liquid has an unpleasant smell of rotten fish.

Summing up the above, it is necessary to focus on the fact that the result of treatment largely depends on how early the patient turned to the doctor for help and how correct the treatment was.

Why are the labia swollen and itchy

In light of the multitude of fungi and infections that exist in the world and are ready to “settle” in the human body, any discomfort in the intimate area should alert a woman. After all, there are pathologies that for the time being do not manifest themselves, and they can only be detected by passing a preventive examination by a gynecologist. Therefore, one should not neglect this possibility, because some lesions are treated quite simply, while others require more attention, effort and time. Therefore, if a woman observes that her labia is swollen and itchy, immediately see a specialist. Only a certified doctor can make a diagnosis and prescribe an adequate treatment.

It is worth noting that such symptoms give the hostess tangible discomfort. The desire to scratch an itchy place leads to the formation of sores, which bring not only pain, but also are the “gates” through which various infections freely enter. The desire to scratch an intimate place can also meet with psychological discomfort, especially when a person is in a public place or the climatic features of the living area become an obstacle.

Why do labia swell after sex

Some still inexperienced girls are frightened by the situation when their lips are swollen after sex: she is in a panic and scared. In fact, nothing terrible happened, because the labia of a woman is equipped with a large number of venous and arterial vessels, nerve endings. Since one of the erogenous zones of the female body is located in this place, their increased sensitivity leads, with any kindness or simple touch, to irritation of the nerve receptors and a rush of blood, which provokes swelling of the lips of the genital area. A quantitative increase in their size depends on the individual characteristics of the body of the fair sex.

But still, it is not worth discounting the pathological lesion. If the change in the size of the labia is directly related only to the coitus, then you should not worry, but if the swelling does not go away even after 12 hours after intercourse, you should think about visiting a doctor, as the cause may be a disease.

Causes of swelling of the clitoris and labia

In most cases, there is nothing to worry about in a situation where the clitoris and labia are swollen – this may be the result of natural sexual arousal caused by sexual fantasies, partner caresses or masturbation. During the period of sexual pleasure, blood flows to the genitals of a woman, including the clitoris, which causes them to swell. This is a natural process that allows a woman to prepare for intercourse. Therefore, you should not worry about a swollen clitoris and labia. The swelling will subside by itself some time after the completion of sexual intercourse.

Another question is if this symptomatology persists even after 12 hours. If concomitant pathological symptoms are also observed, then the direct road to an examination by a gynecologist, and this visit should not be postponed, since such manifestations can be caused by both a bacterial infection and an imbalance in the vaginal microflora caused by a failure in the ratio of various microorganisms.

Causes of swollen labia during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a special period in a woman’s life, which is due to a significant restructuring of the body of the future mother, it also affects the woman’s genital area. The fact that the labia is swollen during pregnancy can be detected by both the woman herself and the obstetrician-gynecologist examining her. This is especially noticeable during the second and third trimester. During this period, the blood flow to the area of ​​​​the uterus and to the labia increases, which makes them more edematous. This situation is absolutely normal and due to physiology. The blood flow is the transport of nutrients and trace elements, which are so necessary for the normal growth and development of the fetus. The mother’s body is preparing for childbirth and blood flow is an important fact in this preparation, designed to facilitate the process of childbirth.

But do not remove the control of the state of intimate places. If puffiness is associated with unnatural secretions and an unpleasant odor, it is necessary to inform the obstetrician – gynecologist, because an infection can give such symptoms.

Other reasons can also affect the size of the labia. During the period of bearing a child, the activity of blood circulation in the area of ​​\u200b\u200bsome organs decreases, as they give in to the pressure of the uterus and the growing fetus, which compress the blood arteries. The consequences of such exposure may be dark ball-shaped seals (varicose labia). A third of pregnant women are faced with such a pathology, but in the normal course of pregnancy after the completion of childbirth, varicose veins resolve on their own. Sometimes such a ball can burst, causing bleeding.

Swelling of the labia during pregnancy is not an indication for a caesarean section, however, in some cases, an obstetrician-gynecologist can take such a step.

In order not to complicate the situation, it is necessary to wear comfortable underwear made from natural material. The expectant mother should rest normally, sleep only on her side, allowing the blood to circulate freely.

But the cause of swelling can be an infectious disease. In this case, other unpleasant phenomena are added to the swelling. For example,

  • Rash in the form of blisters.
  • Itching and scabies of the labia.
  • Unpleasant discharge.
  • Erosive – ulcerative lesions of the mucosa.
  • Increased body temperature.

In the event of the appearance of at least one of the items of accompanying symptoms, it is necessary to notify the doctor in charge of the pregnancy. He will examine the pregnant woman and take a smear on the flora. Do not forget that some infections are quite dangerous, especially while carrying a baby. Such a defeat can lead to premature birth, miscarriage, death of the nascent life in the womb, as well as lead to genetic changes in the fetus and its subsequent disability.

Other infections may pose a lesser danger to the life and health of the fetus, but their development should not be condoned.

Causes of swollen labia in thrush

There are microorganisms that live in us constantly, without showing their presence. And only a combination of certain factors can become a catalyst for their reproduction. These microorganisms include Candida, which provoke the development of candidiasis. This pathology is less dangerous for the course of pregnancy, but still delivers a lot of unpleasant minutes. Swollen labia with thrush – this is one of the symptoms of this pathology. Its accompanying symptoms are necessarily unusual white curdled abundant discharge. This irritating factor begins to cause itching in the genitals. You want to scratch them all the time, which in turn leads to even more swelling, hyperemia and the appearance of small wounds that can become additional “gates” for another infection. During coitus and after it, a woman may be haunted by pain in the vagina and at the exit from it.

If similar symptoms are observed, it is worth contacting a specialist and undergoing the necessary examination. Modern therapy of thrush with antifungal drugs is quite successful and takes only a few days.

Treatment of swollen labia

If discomfort appears in the area of ​​​​the intimate zone, you should not postpone going to a specialist in the hope that everything will go away on its own. In this situation, a doctor – a gynecologist or a dermato – venereologist can help. Only he is able to conduct a comprehensive examination and make the correct diagnosis. And only after establishing the root cause, a specialist can write a protocol for the treatment of swollen labia, which is due to the identified pathology.

In most cases, this is the use of antifungal, antiviral and antibacterial drugs.

For example, the effective antifungal drug flucostat is used to combat many fungal infections. The drug is prescribed in an amount of 50 to 150 mg taken once a day. The duration of admission can vary from two to four weeks. This parameter is controlled by the attending physician, depending on the causative agent of the disease, the severity of the pathology and the general health of the patient.

Flucostat contraindications include increased susceptibility to triazole compounds, the period of gestation, breastfeeding, and children under one year of age.

An analogue of flucostat is fluconazole, which is used orally according to a scheme similar to the first drug. The only difference is that it is somewhat weaker than the first, so it is prescribed in a slightly higher dosage. Its quantitative component is determined only by the attending doctor.

The doctor may prescribe antihistamine drugs if an allergic reaction of any genesis is diagnosed.

Amizol (Amyzol) is prescribed orally orally. The daily dosage involves the introduction of 0.75 – 1 g of the drug, divided into three doses. It is not recommended to take this drug if a patient is found to have hypersensitivity to the components of amizole, with myocardial infarction, pregnancy.

Loratadine-Verte (Loratadine-Verte) is administered orally at 10 mg once a day. In the case of diagnosing renal or hepatic insufficiency, the dose of the drug is halved or the same amount is applied, but every other day.

It is not recommended to prescribe to patients with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, in case of pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Often, the doctor prescribes an antiseptic: topical ointment or tincture.

Betadine is applied in a small layer to the disturbing place two to three times throughout the day, so as not to spoil the underwear, you can use an occlusive dressing or a regular pad.

Contraindications of the drug include: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug and pathological malfunctions of the thyroid gland. Use with caution during pregnancy and lactation.

In the case of dysbacteriosis, the attending physician may prescribe medications to the patient, designed to maintain the balance of necessary beneficial bacteria in the intestines. Such, for example, as Canadian yogurt, linex, bifidobacteria, which the doctor ascribes orally, one to two suppositories in three daily approaches. The drug is taken half an hour before a meal. The duration of therapy is adjusted by the attending physician and can last from one to two weeks, and in severe, protracted pathologies, up to a month.

During pregnancy, the drug is administered one suppository one to two times throughout the day (the drug is used in this case only for mild pathology).

It is not recommended to use the drug only in case of hypersensitivity of the patient’s body.

It will not be superfluous to use drugs that stimulate the immune system, such as, for example, apilac, imudon, imunorix, sodium nucleinate, methyluracil.

The biological stimulant apilac is taken sublingually (under the tongue), 10 mg of the drug three times a day. The duration of the course of treatment is from 10 to 15 days.

Contraindications for the use of apilac include Addison’s disease (decreased adrenal function), hereditary hypersensitivity to the components of the drug (idiosyncrasy), including beekeeping products. Imunorix is ​​an excellent drug that stimulates the growth of immunity. Taking the drug is not tied to the time of consumption of food. A single dose of 0.8 g, which corresponds to two bottles, is applied twice a day. The course of treatment involves 15 days of use, in the case of maintenance therapy, the duration of the use of the drug can be determined by two months.

The use of imunorix is ​​not recommended in case of diagnosing such pathologies as increased intolerance to pimotiod or parabens, other components of the drug, with a predisposition to allergies, in the case of hyperimmunoglobulinemia E, the attending physician controls the drug intake. Do not prescribe it during pregnancy, breastfeeding.

What to do if the labia is swollen

The question arose, what to do if the labia is swollen? The answer is unequivocal – contact a medical institution for an examination and for consultation with a specialist. The doctor will look, prescribe the necessary studies. There are many cases when the swelling of the labia is associated with natural physiological processes occurring in the body of a woman. Such options do not require any external influence and are able to pass on their own.

To eliminate the appearance of this symptomatology as much as possible, it is necessary to adhere to a few simple rules in your daily life:

  • Careful care and fulfillment of all intimate hygiene requirements.
  • Regular daily change of underwear, it should not be dirty.
  • Underwear must be of a comfortable fit and size. It should not rub or hinder movement.
  • It is advisable to wear underwear made from natural fabrics, this will reduce the risk of allergic reactions.
  • Monitor your diet. Sometimes the use of certain products can provoke an allergy, which will lead to swelling and itching of the tissues of an intimate place, including the labia.
  • If this pathology is accompanied by concomitant symptoms, it is necessary, “without delay” to seek help from a doctor and follow all his recommendations.
  • If there is dryness of the vaginal mucosa, it is necessary to use special intimate gels that will protect the genitals from injury during intercourse.
  • When removing hair from intimate areas, use only your own razor, in case of severe irritation, use an antiseptic.
  • In everyday life it is better to use white pads. They contain fewer dyes, which can be an additional impetus to an allergic reaction.
  • A stressful situation can also provoke the considered pathology. Try to be less nervous.
  • Do everything possible to avoid abortions.
  • Do not spray on multiple sexual partners. This carelessness increases the risk of infection.
  • Do not neglect regular preventive examinations.

Only an attentive attitude to your body will allow you to avoid multiple health troubles.

The issue of healthy genital organs worries everyone, but it is especially relevant for women of childbearing age, therefore, if any discomfort occurs in the intimate areas, including when the labia is swollen, it is worth determining its root cause and her attending doctor will help the woman in this. The fair sex is only required to take care of themselves, their health, and at the first unpleasant symptoms, without delay, consult a specialist. It is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor and a favorable result is provided.

Swollen and itchy labia: causes and treatment of inflammation


  • 1 Inflammation of the labia: causes, symptoms and treatment
    • itchy labia: causes and treatment of inflammation
      • 1.2.1 Inflammation of the labia: what is it?
    • 1.3 Why does inflammation of the labia occur?
      • 1.3.1 1. Infections and bacteria
      • 1.3.2 2. Allergic reaction
      • 1.3.3 3. Skin lesions
      • 1.3.4 4. Urinary tract infection
    • 1.4 Symptoms of inflammation of the labia
    • 1.5 Diagnosis of inflammation of the labia: what you need to know?
      • 1.5.1 The importance of correct diagnosis
      • 1.5.2 What methods are used to diagnose inflammation of the labia?
    • 1. 6 Home treatment of labia inflammation
    • 1.7 Traditional treatment of labia inflammation
    • 1.8 Medical treatment of labia inflammation
      • 1.8.1 Medications to treat inflammation of the labia
      • 1.8.2 Simplest ways to relieve the symptoms of inflammation of the labia
    • 1.9 Prevention of inflammation of the labia
      • 1 1.9.2 Recommendations during menstruation
      • 1.9.3 Recommendations during pregnancy
    • 1.10 How to avoid complications of labia inflammation?
      • 1.10.1 Maintain hygiene
      • 1.10.2 Wear comfortable underwear
      • 1.10.3 Avoid injury to the genitals
      • 1.10.4 Seek medical attention at the first symptoms can cause swelling and itching of the labia?
      • Which infections can cause inflammation of the labia?
      • What if the swelling and itching of the labia does not go away on its own?
      • I experience discomfort, but not swelling and itching of the labia, could this be related?
      • 1. 11.0.5 What are the treatments for inflammation of the labia?
      • Can inflammation of the labia be prevented?
  • 1.12 When should I see a doctor immediately? Severe pain 012
  • 1.13 Related videos:

The article describes why inflammation of the labia occurs, what causes it and what measures can be taken to treat and prevent this unpleasant phenomenon. Be sure to read if you have these symptoms.

Symptoms of inflammation of the labia can be quite varied, but extremely unpleasant. Swelling, itching, redness and irritation of the skin folds can lead to significant problems and cause discomfort. Inflammation of the labia can be caused by a variety of reasons, including infectious diseases, allergic reactions to perfumes, and even intimate hygiene.

One of the most common types of inflammation of the labia is atypical vulvovaginitis. With this condition, the skin around the vulva may swell and become red and painful. Atypical vulvovaginitis may be caused by a bacterial infection, contact dermatitis, or an allergic reaction of the patient.

Treatment of inflammation of the labia depends on the cause. If the problem is caused by an infection, treatment may include antibiotic ointments or oral medications. If the cause of the inflammation is an allergic reaction or contact-type dermatitis, a doctor may recommend the use of antihistamines or anti-inflammatory medications. In any case, for self-medication, you should consult a doctor first.

Anatomy of the labia

The labia are the soft folds of skin around the entrance to the vagina. They are divided into two pairs: large and smaller labia. The labia majora are external and protect the smaller labia that are internal. Both pairs of labia contain many blood vessels and fatty glands that help maintain their firmness and elasticity.

The labia minora is located inside the labia majora and their function is to protect the clitoris and the entrance to the vagina. External great labia, located externally, largely determine the shape and size of the vulva. They consist of a rich vascular and nerve bundle in the skin and subcutaneous fatty tissue, which provides them with high sensitivity.

The labia is also an important erogenous zone that can lead to feelings of arousal and orgasm when stimulated. It is important to remember that every woman’s body is unique, so the normal size, shape, and color of the labia may vary from one woman to another.

Swollen and itchy labia: causes and treatment of inflammation

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Inflammation of the labia: what is it?

Inflammation of the labia is a condition in which the labia becomes swollen, red and itchy. This can happen for a variety of reasons such as infections, allergic reactions, and trauma. Inflammation of the labia can be an unpleasant and uncomfortable condition, which is worth taking seriously and visiting a doctor.

Some common symptoms may include soreness, fever and itching, and red, swollen skin. The labia may also become excessively dry or moist. It is very important to establish the exact cause of inflammation, as this will determine which treatment will be most effective and safe.

If you notice signs of inflammation of the labia, then consult a doctor, he will conduct the necessary examination, determine the cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Self-medication in this case is not recommended, as this can complicate the condition and lead to suppression of the immune system.

Why does inflammation of the labia occur?

1. Infections and bacteria

Most cases of inflammation of the labia are caused by infections and bacteria. This can be a fungal infection candidiasis, sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, chlamydia or syphilis, as well as bacterial vaginosis.

2. Allergic reaction

Some women may have an allergic reaction to hygiene products used during intimate hygiene, including soaps, perfumes and even natural materials such as cotton.

3. Skin Injury

Injuries to the skin around the labia can be caused by poor shaving, friction, inflammatory diseases and trauma.

4. Urinary tract infection

Sometimes inflammation of the labia can be associated with a urinary tract infection. In this case, in addition to sore lips, other symptoms may be observed, such as painful urination and blood in the urine.

Symptoms of inflammation of the labia

Inflammation of the labia is a problem faced by many women. Inflammation can be identified by the presence of the following symptoms:

  • Swelling of the labia – accompanied by swelling, which may be visible
  • Itching and burning of the labia – sensations can be very strong and unpleasant, which creates discomfort in everyday life life
  • Redness of the skin of the labia – inflammation may be accompanied by reddening of the skin in this area
  • Vaginal discharge – in some cases, inflammation of the labia may be accompanied by the appearance of vaginal discharge
  • Pain sensation – patients may experience pain during urination and sexual intercourse
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    If you have symptoms of inflammation of the labia, it is recommended to consult a gynecologist for advice and proper treatment.

    Diagnosis of inflammation of the labia: what you need to know?

    The importance of a correct diagnosis

    Swelling and itching of the labia are symptoms that can fit into different clinical pictures. For the treatment of inflammatory processes on the labia, it is important to correctly determine the cause of their development. This helps to prescribe complex therapy, choose the most effective drugs and carry out rehabilitation after treatment.

    What methods are used to diagnose inflammation of the labia?

    Diagnosis is carried out by gynecologists or dermatovenereologists. This can be done by examining the patient, questioning, taking tests and conducting instrumental studies.

    Examination allows you to determine the general signs of inflammation and the condition of the skin integumentary tissue. With the help of a survey, you can find out the circumstances that caused unpleasant symptoms.

    Instrumental methods such as ultrasound, X-ray and MSCT are used to diagnose inflammatory processes. They may also prescribe tests for hormones, infections, and tumor markers.

    Comprehensive diagnosis of inflammation of the labia is an important step in the treatment of inflammatory processes on the labia, which helps to correctly determine the cause of their occurrence and prescribe complex therapy to effectively combat unpleasant symptoms.

    Home treatment for inflammation of the labia

    In case of inflammation of the labia, it is recommended to consult a doctor for professional advice and treatment. However, some home remedies can be used to relieve symptoms and speed up the healing process.

    The first thing to do is to observe the hygiene of the genitals. Use mild, hypoallergenic intimate hygiene products and avoid tight underwear.

    Cooling compresses such as chamomile or peppermint candy can be used to relieve itching and reduce swelling. You can also lubricate the affected areas with natural oils, such as sea buckthorn or tea tree.

    Honey wraps or disinfectant solutions such as chamomile or calendula tincture can be used to speed up the healing process. It is important to remember that before using any means, you should consult a doctor.

    1. Observe the hygiene of the genitals
    2. Use coolant compresses
    3. Lubricate the affected areas with natural oils
    4. Use honey wraps or disinfectants

    at home, you can facilitate symptoms of inflammation of the genitals. However, in the presence of severe pain and other symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

    Conventional treatments for inflammation of the labia

    In case of inflammation of the labia, it is recommended to consult a specialist who can prescribe the necessary treatment. However, there are traditional treatments that can help manage the symptoms.

    • Ice application. Applying an ice pack to a swollen area can help reduce swelling and reduce itching.
    • Various ointments and creams. In pharmacies, you can buy ointments and creams that contain antibacterial and anti-inflammatory components. They can help fight inflammation.
    • Application of herbs and vegetable oils. For inflammation of the labia, herbs such as chamomile or calendula can be used. Their infusions can be used to wet compresses that are applied to the swollen area. You can also use vegetable oils, such as coconut or olive oil, which can moisturize and soothe the skin.

    However, it is worth remembering that traditional treatments are not a substitute for professional medical care. If symptoms persist or worsen, see a doctor.

    Drug treatment for inflammation of the labia

    Medicines for the treatment of inflammation of the labia

    When the labia swells and itches, you should consult a doctor for advice and prescribe medication. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection that may be causing your labia to become inflamed.

    Topical preparations such as creams and ointments containing steroids and antibacterial agents may also be used to help reduce swelling and symptoms associated with inflammation.

    Simplest ways to relieve symptoms of labia inflammation

    Simple medical treatments for labia inflammation include the use of antibacterial soap and warm compresses on the swollen area. You can also take anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin or ibuprofen to reduce pain and swelling.

    However, these drugs should not be used without consulting a specialist. In case the symptoms of labia inflammation do not disappear after a few days, consult a doctor for additional evaluation and a stronger therapy.

    Prevention of inflammation of the labia

    Key recommendations

    To prevent inflammation of the labia, hygiene of the intimate area must be observed.

    • Clean regularly with a mild soap or intimate care gel.
    • Do not use aggressive products that can cause dryness and irritation.
    • Do not wear tight underwear, it is better to choose products made from natural fabrics.
    • After perfect contact, remove urine and semen residues using wet wipes.
    • Do not abuse the use of intimate hygiene products, so as not to disturb the microflora in the intimate area.
    • Avoid bathing in hot water, preferably warm or cool showers.

    Advice during menstruation

    Special hygiene recommended during menstruation:

    • Change hygiene products frequently, use natural tampons or pads.
    • Avoid synthetic underwear and tight jeans.
    • Shower or clean regularly.

    Recommendations during pregnancy

    During pregnancy, it is especially important to observe hygiene rules in order to prevent possible inflammation of the labia:

    • Avoid using tampons and increase the number of sanitary pad changes.
    • Avoid tight clothes, it is better to choose loose clothes made from natural fabrics.
    • Carry out hygiene procedures using mild and non-greasy soaps or special gels.
    • Take care of your health, have annual check-ups with a gynecologist.

    How to avoid complications of inflammation of the labia?

    Maintain hygiene

    Hygiene is an important condition for the prevention of inflammation of the labia. Shower regularly and use gentle hygiene products. Do not use harsh soaps or harsh sponges as this can irritate and damage the skin.

    Wear comfortable underwear

    Improper ventilation, tight synthetic underwear can cause irritation and inflammation of the labia. Choose comfortable cotton underwear that will allow freedom of movement in the genital area and proper ventilation.

    Avoid injuries to the genitals

    Injuries to the genitals can cause inflammation. Avoid sharp, tight clothing, aggressive sexual practices that can cause tissue damage.

    Seek medical attention at the first symptoms

    At the first sign of inflammation of the labia, seek medical attention for qualified assistance. Do not self-medicate, as this can only worsen the condition. Remember: the sooner you seek help, the faster and more effective the treatment will be.


    What can cause swollen and itchy labia?

    Infections, allergic reactions, mechanical damage, hormonal changes and other factors may be the cause. For an accurate diagnosis, you need to see a doctor.

    What infections can cause inflammation of the labia?

    It can be thrush, herpes, benign neoplasms, bacterial infections and others. For an accurate diagnosis, you need to see a doctor.

    What if the swelling and itching of the labia does not go away on its own?

    Seek medical advice for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. It is not recommended to try to find out the cause and treat inflammation on your own.

    I experience discomfort, but not swelling and itching of the labia, could this be related?

    Yes, it may be related. Inflammation of the labia may be accompanied by symptoms such as burning, irritation, or discomfort in the genital area. If you need to clarify the diagnosis, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

    What are the treatments for inflammation of the labia?

    Treatment options depend on the cause of the inflammation. This may be a course of antibiotics, antifungals, hormone therapy, as well as other methods that are prescribed only by a doctor after an accurate diagnosis.

    Is it possible to prevent inflammation of the labia?

    Yes, it is possible. To do this, it is recommended to follow the rules of personal hygiene, do not abuse aggressive cosmetics and shave, using only high-quality products. It is also recommended to strengthen the immune system and treat all infectious and inflammatory diseases in advance.

    When should I see a doctor immediately?

    1. Sudden deterioration in health

    If you notice a sudden deterioration in health, this is the reason for immediate medical attention. Swelling and itching of the labia can be signs of serious inflammation that can cause many diseases.

    2. Discharge with blood

    When there is a discharge with blood from the genitals, this is an alarming sign.