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Round ring on skin: The request could not be satisfied


Ringworm | nidirect

Ringworm is a common fungal infection that can cause a red or silvery ring-like rash on the skin. Ringworm commonly affects arms and legs, but it can appear almost anywhere on the body. Despite its name, ringworm doesn’t have anything to do with worms.

Symptoms of ringworm 

The symptoms of ringworm include: 

  • a ring-like red or silvery rash on your skin – your skin will look red and irritated around the ring, but healthy inside
  • scaly, itchy and inflamed skin 

In more severe cases:  

  • the rings may multiply, grow in size and merge together 
  • the rings may feel slightly raised and the skin underneath may be itchy 
  • blisters and pus-filled sores may form around the rings 

The ring spreads outwards as it progresses. You can have one patch or several patches of ringworm.  In more serious cases, your skin may become raised and blistered.

Head, face and neck ringworm

Ringworm on the face and neck may not appear ring-shaped, but may be itchy and swollen, and it can become dry and crusted.  

If you have a beard, you may notice patches of hair breaking away, or patches of hair loss on your head if you have ringworm infection in the scalp.

Hand ringworm

Ringworm on the hand often causes the skin to become thicker on the palm and in between the fingers. It may affect one hand or both and normally only appears on one side.

Causes of ringworm

Ringworm is a fungal infection. It is passed between people through direct skin contact and by sharing objects such as towels, hairbrushes and bedding.

Pets, such as dogs and cats, can have ringworm, and you can catch it by stroking them.

Treating ringworm

Most ringworm infections are mild and can be treated by an antifungal cream from your local pharmacy.

Talk to your pharmacist first, and you may also need to see your GP to confirm a diagnosis.

Scalp infections can be treated with antifungal tablets, sometimes together with antifungal shampoo.

If the skin is irritated or broken, it can lead to other bacterial infections, which may need treatment with antibiotics.

Tinea fungal infections 

Other similar fungal infections can affect the scalp, feet, groin and nails.

These fungal infections, medically known as “tinea”, are not serious and are usually easily treated. However, they are infectious and easily spread.

When to seek medical help

You should make an appointment to see your doctor if you:

  • or your child develop the symptoms of a fungal scalp infection
  • have ringworm that has not improved after two weeks of treatment with antifungal cream
  • have another medical condition, or you’re having medical treatment that is known to weaken your immune system, such as chemotherapy or steroid tablets

Preventing the spread of ringworm 

It’s important to prevent the infection spreading. You should avoid sharing towels, bedding or clothes with someone with a fungal infection.

If you think your pet has ringworm, take it to the vet. If your pet is treated quickly, you’ll be less likely to catch it.

If your child has a fungal infection, they can go to school, but you should let their teacher know.

More useful links

The information on this page has been adapted from original content from the NHS website.

For further information see terms and conditions.

Ringworm – HealthyChildren.org

If your child has a scaly round patch on the side of his scalp or elsewhere on his skin, and he seems to be losing hair in the same area of the scalp, the problem may be a contagious infection known as ringworm or tinea.

This disorder is caused not by worms but by a fungus. It’s called ringworm because the infections tend to form round or oval spots that, as they grow, become smooth in the center but keep an active red scaly border.

Scalp ringworm often is spread from person to person, sometimes when sharing infected hats, combs, brushes, and barrettes. If ringworm appears elsewhere on your child’s body, he may have the type spread by infected dogs or cats.

The first signs of infection on the body are red, scaly patches. They may not look like rings until they’ve grown to half an inch in diameter, and they generally stop growing at about 1 inch. Your child may have just one patch or several. These lesions may be mildly itchy and uncomfortable.

Scalp ringworm starts the same way the body variety does, but as the rings grow, your child may lose some hair in the infected area. Certain types of scalp ringworm produce less obvious rings and are easily confused with dandruff or cradle cap. Cradle cap, however, occurs only during infancy. If your child’s scalp is continually scaly and he’s over a year old, you should suspect ringworm and notify your pediatrician.


A single ringworm patch on the body can be treated with an over-the-counter cream recommended by your pediatrician. The most frequently used ones are tolnaftate, miconazole, and clotrimazole. A small amount is applied two or three times a day for at least a week, during which time some clearing should begin. If there are any patches on the scalp or more than one on the body, or if the rash is getting worse while being treated, check with your pediatrician again. She will prescribe a stronger medication and, in the case of scalp ringworm, will use an oral antifungal preparation. Your child will have to take medicine for several weeks to clear the infection.

You also may need to wash your child’s scalp with a special shampoo when he has scalp ringworm. If there’s any possibility that others in the family have caught the infection, they also should use this shampoo and be examined for possible signs of infection. Do not allow your child to share combs, brushes, hair clips, barrettes, or hats.


You can help prevent ringworm by identifying and treating any pets with the problem. Look for scaling, itchy, hairless areas on your dogs and cats, and have them treated right away. Any family members, playmates, or schoolmates who show symptoms also should be treated.

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Winter dry skin | University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics

Dry skin is a very common skin problem and is often worse during the winter when environmental humidity is low (i.e., “winter itch”). It can occur at all ages and in people with or without other skin problems.

The appearance of dry skin

The normally fine lines in the skin become more visible, the skin feels rough and appears dull and flaky. In more advanced cases, fish net-like cracks resembling the fine fracture lines of cracked porcelain can occur. Dry skin occurs most commonly on the arms and legs, but can also affect the trunk of the body. Dermatologists often call dry skin “xerosis” or “asteatosis”.

Problems associated with dry skin

Dry skin very commonly produces itching, which can be severe and interfere with sleep and other daily activities. Repeated rubbing and scratching can produce areas of thickened, rough skin (lichenification). Dry, thickened skin can crack, especially in areas subject to chronic trauma (e.g., hands and feet), causing painful cracks in the skin. Dry skin and scratching may result in a dermatitis or eczema when the skin becomes red in addition to dry and scaly. Round, scaly, itchy, red patches scattered over the legs, arms, and trunk may appear.

The appearance of yellow crusts or pus in these areas indicates that a bacterial infection is developing. If concerned about infection, consult your dermatologist or family physician.

Also, if your skin is very dry, or if you have an associated red dermatitis, it is a good idea to seek the advice of your dermatologist or family physician.

Causes of dry skin

The outermost layer of the skin consists of dead skin cells embedded in a mixture of natural oils that are made by underlying living skin cells. These natural skin oils keep the water inside our body from escaping into the air and also keep irritating substances and germs from entering the body. Both the skin oils and the dead skin cells hold a certain amount of water that helps keep the skin soft, pliable, and smooth.

Dry skin results when there is not enough water in the top layer of skin for it to function properly. One way this can happen is when protective oils in the stratum corneum are lost so water that is normally present in the skin is allowed to escape. Too much soap, exposure to harsh chemicals, the normal aging process, and certain types of skin diseases are some of the causes of decreased amounts of protective skin oils. As the skin dries out it shrinks and, as it shrinks, small cracks can occur. This exposes the underlying living cells to irritating substances and germs in the environment.

Treatment of dry skin

An important aspect of treatment is to identify and tackle any factors that may be contributing to the dry skin. Water alone (especially hot water) can actually worsen the problem of dry skin by removing the normal, protective skin oils. Hot, soapy water depletes the natural skin oils to the greatest degree. Water followed by the application of a thick moisturizer, is of great benefit for dry skin.

Showering tips to avoid dry skin:

  • You should take a short bath or shower (no more than 10 minutes) only once in a 24-hour period.
  • Bathing should be in warm rather than hot water.
  • Soap should be used minimally and where/when needed (for example, under the arms, the groin and genitals, the feet, and the face).
  • Mild soaps should be used (unscented, those designed for sensitive skin).
  • After showering, quickly and gently pat the skin partially dry with a towel (do not rub!).
  • Within three minutes of getting out, apply a moisturizer of cream or ointment to seal the water in the skin before it evaporates.
  • Moisturizers should be reapplied liberally during the day and evening when possible, especially to those areas prone to dryness. If dry skin affects your hands, reapply moisturizers after handwashing.

Other helpful measures

Treat any red dermatitis (eczematous) patches with a topical cortisone (steroid) cream or ointment for a 5- to 15-day course. Over-the-counter strength cortisone creams and ointments can occasionally be helpful, but prescription strength products are often required to calm down this type of dermatitis. Make sure you understand where the cortisone cream or ointment is to be applied (only on the red patches unless instructed otherwise) and how often you should apply it (no more than twice daily). When using both a cortisone product and a moisturizer, always use the cortisone first and the moisturizer second.

Be careful about using other over-the-counter anti-inflammatory and itch-suppressing creams or lotions. Many of these products contain chemicals that can irritate or cause allergic reactions in dry, dermatitic skin.

Any way that you can increase the humidity level in the air of your home and workplaces would be advisable. If you don’t already have one, you should consider adding a humidifier to the central heating system of your home. If you use a portable humidifier, make sure it is used in your bedroom at night.

Long-term prevention and control

Dry skin is usually a long-term problem that recurs often, especially in winter. When you notice your skin beginning to get dry, resume your moisturizing routine and avoid the use of harsh soaps. If the itchy, dry, skin rash returns, use both the moisturizers and the steroid cream or ointment.

There are three basic classes of body moisturizers: ointments, creams, and lotions (listed in decreasing order of moisturizing power). It should be noted that all of the moisturizer products mentioned in this article are available without prescription.

Ointment moisturizers

The have the greatest ability to trap moisture in the skin, but they have a greasy consistency. Examples of effective ointment moisturizers include Aquaphor and plain Vaseline Petroleum Jelly. Some common household products, such as Crisco vegetable shortening, can also be used as very inexpensive body moisturizers. The key to using an ointment is to apply small amounts and rub it in well.

Cream moisturizers

These are usually white and disappear when rubbed into the skin without leaving a greasy feel. Examples of effective cream moisturizers include Original Eucerin Cream, Aquaphilic, Cetaphil Moisturizing Cream, Vaseline Cream, Vanicream, CeraVe.

Lotion moisturizers

These are suspensions of oily chemicals in alcohol and water. Examples of popular lotion moisturizers include Vaseline Intensive Care, Nutraderm Keri, Lubriderm, Curel.

Some moisturizers contain chemicals that can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some people (e.g., fragrances, preservatives, alpha hydroxy acids, urea, sunscreens). If moisturizers seem to aggravate your skin, see your doctor for advice.

The information presented above will help you, your family, or someone else you know get through the winter season with less dry and itchy skin.


Is this your child’s symptom?

  • One or more ring-shaped spots caused by a fungus
  • Has a rough edge and clearing of the center

Symptoms of Ringworm

  • Round pink patch
  • Clearing of the center as the patch grows
  • Raised, rough, scaly border
  • Usually ½ to 1 inch (12 -25 mm) in size
  • Ring slowly increases in size
  • Often only on one side of the face or body
  • Mildly itchy


  • An infection of the skin caused by a fungus. It is not caused by a worm.
  • Can often be spread to humans from puppies or kittens that have it. Pet rodents also can carry it.
  • Rarely, can be spread human-to-human. It needs direct skin contact to be passed this way. An exception is that ringworm can occur often among wrestlers. This is because of close body contact during matches.
  • Sometimes, caused by fungus in the soil.

When to Call for Ringworm

Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Pus is draining from the rash
  • Tick bite within the last month and new onset of “ringworm”

Contact Doctor During Office Hours

  • Scalp is involved
  • More than 3 spots are present
  • Child is a wrestler
  • Rash gets bigger or spreads after 1 week on treatment
  • Rash lasts more than 4 weeks
  • You think your child needs to be seen
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations

If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.

Care Advice for Ringworm

  1. What You Should Know About Ringworm:
    • Ringworm is a fungus infection of the skin.
    • Often it’s caught from puppies or kittens that have it.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Anti-Fungal Cream:
    • Use an anti-fungal cream (such as Lotrimin) 2 times per day. No prescription is needed.
    • Put it on the rash and 1 inch (2.5 cm) beyond its borders.
    • Keep using the cream for at least 7 days after the rash is cleared.
  3. Return to School:
    • Your child doesn’t have to miss any child care or school for ringworm.
    • Sometimes, ringworm of the skin can be passed on to others. It requires direct skin-to-skin contact.
    • Ringworm from pets is not passed from human to human. It is only passed from animal to human.
    • After 48 hours of treatment, ringworm does not spread to others at all.
    • Wrestlers: Can return to wrestling after 3 days of treatment. Continue treatment until gone.
  4. What to Expect:
    • It goes away in 3 to 4 weeks.
    • If it comes back, suspect the household puppy or kitten.
    • Take your animal to the vet for an exam and treatment.
  5. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Rash gets bigger or spreads after 1 week on treatment
    • Rash is not gone by 4 weeks
    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Your child becomes worse

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

Last Reviewed: 05/30/2021

Last Revised: 03/11/2021

Copyright 2000-2021. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

Pityriasis rosea – Better Health Channel

Pityriasis rosea is a skin rash caused by a virus. It tends to be common in autumn and spring, and young adults – particularly women – are most susceptible. It starts with a large scaled spot called a ‘herald patch’, which is then followed within a week by clusters of smaller patches. Often, the patches are confined to the upper body and may follow the ribs in lines. The rash lasts around one or two months then clears up completely.

There is no treatment available to speed recovery, but the symptoms can be managed. Generally, pityriasis rosea is a one-off event – once it has gone, the rash doesn’t reappear. No scars are left, although people with darker skin may have spots of skin discolouration for a little while. Pityriasis rosea isn’t thought to be highly contagious.

Symptoms of pityriasis rosea

The signs and symptoms of pityriasis rosea include:

  • A large single spot (herald patch) forms.
  • The herald patch is scaled and coloured red to tan.
  • A fine rash of small spots starts to appear within a week of the first patch appearing.
  • The spots become small oval patches that are coloured red to tan.
  • The patches seem crinkly and loose in the centre.
  • The rash may be itchy.
  • The upper body and upper arms are usually affected.
  • The patches may follow the ribs in lines.
  • The rash may spread to the upper thighs.
  • Occasionally, the rash may spread to include the neck and lower face.

Causes of pityriasis rosea

Pityriasis rosea is caused by a viral infection. The virus has recently been identified as one of the herpes viruses. Children and young adults are more susceptible, for reasons unknown. Recurrences are rare – a person who develops the skin rash has only a two per cent chance of experiencing it again. Pityriasis rosea doesn’t seem to be highly contagious, but other members of the household may prefer to practise more stringent personal hygiene just for peace of mind.

Diagnosis of pityriasis rosea

Pityriasis rosea can be mistaken for skin conditions such as tinea (a fungal skin infection also known as ringworm) or psoriasis, so careful diagnosis is needed. Other less common illnesses, such as syphilis, may also cause a similar rash. A skin biopsy of one of the patches may be taken for laboratory analysis.

Treatment for pityriasis rosea

It is not possible to make the rash disappear any faster, so treatment aims to manage the symptoms. Options may include:

  • Avoid using soap as this can irritate the rash.
  • Bathe using plain water or some kind of moisturiser, such as bath oil.
  • Steroid creams can be used to help reduce itching.
  • Oral antihistamines may help in cases of severe itching.
  • Mild moisturising creams can be applied generously and often.
  • Some cases may respond to ultraviolet light, so mild sunshine may be beneficial. However, avoid sunburn and don’t stay in the sun too long. Early morning or late afternoon are the best times.
  • Phototherapy using UVB ultraviolet light may be helpful.

Where to get help

Ringworm in dogs | Treatment and Diagnosis

How is ringworm in dogs treated?

After confirming that your dog is suffering from ringworm, your vet will use medication to treat your dog.

Depending on the type of ringworm your dog has and how severe it is, they may give your dog tablets to take that will stop the ringworm from reproducing.

Your dog may need a topical medication (something that is applied to the skin) for eg a lotion or a shampoo. Follow the instructions carefully and make sure you treat your dog as needed as failure to do so risks infection recurring.

Some dogs may need both tablets and topical medication to cure their ringworm infection.

Can you get ringworm from your dog?

Yes, ringworm is contagious to people and is caught through touching an infected dog. You cannot catch ringworm if your skin is unbroken, but if you have a scratch, graze, wound or suffer from a skin condition such as eczema, you may catch the infection.

People with weaker immune systems are more at risk of catching ringworm from dogs, including young children, elderly people, people undergoing chemotherapy or treatment involving transplants or transfusions. We recommend that you don’t let children touch your dog if he or she has ringworm.

When treating your dog for ringworm, wear gloves and an apron. Note that some tablets should not be handled if you are pregnant.

If you haven’t picked up ringworm from your dog by the time your vet diagnoses them with it, then you probably won’t get it at all.

In people, ringworm lesions appear as a red circle on the skin; hence its name.

How do you keep ringworm from spreading?

Ringworm spores are hardy and can live in the environment for a long time, so it’s really important that you restrict your infected dog to one room while treating them so that spores are not spread through the house. If you cure your dog of ringworm but don’t eradicate it from your home, your dog could become infected again.

Soft furnishings and carpets should be vacuumed thoroughly and frequently, or steam cleaned, to remove the spores.

The vacuum bag should be emptied afterwards and the contents burnt.

Other items should be cleaned with a disinfectant.

Discuss with your vet which disinfectants are effective.

Bedding and toys that cannot be cleaned are best burnt.

Identifying 21 Common Red Spots on Skin

There are many skin conditions that cause red spots on the skin. It can be easy to confuse conditions at first glance, so we would like to take a closer look. Here are 21 conditions that cause common red spots on the skin and how to treat them.

1. Acne Bumps

Causes: Characterized by pimples, oily skin, scarring and hyperpigmentation, whiteheads, and blackheads. Acne (also known as acne vulgaris) occurs when oil, dead skin cells, and hair follicles are clogged within the skin.

Treatments: Acne treatments can vary from one person to the next depending on the severity of the condition. However, treatments are usually a combination of OTC and prescribed topical medication and possible dietary changes (such as avoiding sugary and oily foods and consuming more water, fruits, and vegetables).

2. Rosacea

Causes: Rosacea is a common condition that causes redness of the skin. It is similar in symptoms and signs to other conditions like acne and eczema. Doctors will perform tests to rule out those other conditions, and pay special attention to the patient’s historical skin patterns.

Treatments: The patient will need to use a combination of skincare and prescription medication to treat rosacea. One of our certified dermatologists will have to diagnose the condition and prescribe treatment.

3. Pityriasis Rosea

Causes: Pityriasis Rosea usually occurs in people between 10 and 35. Researchers suspect that is stems from a virus, and not by a bacteria, fungus, or allergic reaction.

Treatments: Treatments include using skin lotions and lubricants to soothe the itch. In severe cases, a dermatologist may prescribe corticosteroids.

4. Tinea Versicolor

Causes: Tinea Versicolor is a fungal infection caused by a type of yeast that lives in the skin. Oily skin, excessive sweating, having a weak immune system and living in hot climates can all result in this condition.

Treatments: Simply observing the rash or using an ultraviolet light test can diagnose the condition. A combination of topical lotions, creams, shampoos, as well as pilled-medication, can be used to treat this condition.

5. Hair follicle infections (Folliculitis)

Causes: Folliculitis can appear on any part of the skin having hair and occurs whenever hair follicles are inflamed because of yeast, other fungi or bacteria. Shaving, wearing clothing that irritates the skin, sweating, oils, and makeup can all result in these small red spots on the body. Commonly affected areas include legs, arms, buttocks, back and the beard area of the face.

Treatments: Mild forms of the condition can heal on its’ own over a two-week period during which it can be soothed with a warm compress. However, more severe forms of Folliculitis can be treated with medicated shampoos and/or prescribed antibiotics.

6. Petechiae

Causes: Petechiae can appear on account of brown, purple or red spots on the legs, arms, stomach, buttocks or on the inside of eyelids and the mouth. This happens when capillaries (tiny blood vessels) break and the blood leaks into the skin. Infections of various kinds and reactions to medication are two common causes of red Petechiae blood spots on the skin.

Treatments: Depending on the nature of the condition, antibiotics, corticosteroids, immune suppressants and even chemotherapy in the instance where cancers like Lymphoma are among the causes.

7. Psoriasis

Causes: Immune system over-activity causes Psoriasis. This condition includes inflammation, flaking, and thick silvery/white or red patches of the skin.

Treatments: Treatment options include a combination of topical steroids (creams), light therapy, oral medication, occlusion, and biologics.

8. Eczema

Causes: Arguably one of the most common groups of skin conditions, the most common form of eczema is atopic eczema and atopic dermatitis. Eczema seems to be hereditary and linked to developing various allergies, although one cause has not been pinpointed for the condition.

Treatments: Treatment options include a combination of topical treatments (like creams and gels) and dietary or other lifestyle changes.

9. Hives

Causes: Also known as Urticaria, Hives appear as pale red bumps or plaques that are swollen and often appear suddenly as an allergic reaction to an irritant. Chronic cases can result from conditions like cancer or hepatitis infection, as well as from the use of certain medications.

Treatments: Hives will be diagnosed with an allergy test, and a doctor will usually prescribe Antihistamines to help treat the symptoms. Wearing loose-fitting clothing and applying cool compress can all help.

10. Lupus

Causes: Skin rashes are one of the many symptoms of Lupus. Lupus itself is not a direct skin disorder but an auto-immune condition that can damage vital organs in severe cases.

Treatments: Due to the many symptoms of Lupus, doctors need to use a combination of treatments. As far as the skin rash goes, however, the patient can use anti-inflammatory medications and topical creams to treat it.

11. Poison Ivy

Causes: An allergic reaction to direct contact with the Poison Ivy plant causes a poison ivy rash.

Treatments: Most cases of Poison Ivy can be treated at home using an over-the-counter antihistamine, hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion, a cool wet compress pack, or frequent warm oatmeal baths. If you have symptoms like shortness of breath – or the rash stays beyond a few days – we advise that you visit an emergency room.

12. Shingles

Causes: Shingles is a viral infection that occurs when the chickenpox virus appears for the second time in the body. It can appear on any part of the body as a painful rash that oozes and eventually crusts.

Treatments: Treatments for shingles include topical creams that relieve inflammation, as well as using baking soda and cornstarch to dry the sores. Burow’s solution and tap water are great options for cleaning crusted sore and reducing oozing and inflammation.

13. Lymphoma

Causes: Lymphoma is a lymphatic system cancer where white blood cells, known as lymphocytes, fight the disease in the body. Lymphoma can appear in different areas of the body, including the skin. In Lymphomas of the skin, a common symptom is a rash on the skin.

Treatments: Like most cancers, doctors can use chemotherapy and various oral medications to treat Lymphoma.

14. Cherry Angiomas

Causes: Cherry Angiomas are a skin growth resulting from red moles or spots that can appear in most areas of your body, usually in people aged 30 years and older. Small blood vessels contribute to the red coloration, but doctors do not know the exact cause. Doctors link this condition to chemical exposure, climate, certain kinds of medical conditions, and even pregnancy.

Treatments: Most cases of Cherry Angioma do not need to be treated (unless it is an indication of something more serious like cancer). However, it can be removed for cosmetic reasons through laser surgery, electrocauterization, and cryosurgery.

15. Basal-Cell Carcinoma

Causes: Basal-cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Causes include exposure to ultraviolet light, radiation therapy, long-term exposure to arsenic, and a weak immune system.

Treatments: If the cancer is small and localized, a doctor is able to remove it surgically with a simple excision or Mohs Surgery (a specialized microscopy procedure developed for skin cancer). In rarer cases, treatments may be cryotherapy (cold application), topical chemotherapy, laser surgery, or the prescription medication, Imiquimod.

16. Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Causes: Squamous cell carcinoma is the second-most common type of skin cancer. The cause is usually too much sun exposure. is usually the cause.

Treatments: Squamous cell carcinoma is also commonly removed with excision or Mohs surgery. Other treatments include topical medications and various radiotherapies.

17. Melanoma

Causes: Genetics and DNA damage from too much exposure to the sun often causes Melanoma.

Treatments: Your doctor will use a biopsy to properly diagnose melanoma. A doctor will usually use surgical removal for this type of skin cancer as well. However, treatment may be more extensive depending on the number of cancerous moles present. Other treatments may include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiation therapy.

18. Mosquito and Insect Bites

Causes: Some rashes result from insect bites including those from mosquitoes, spiders, ants, fleas, flies, and wasps. Following the insect bite is an allergic reaction in the form of a swollen, itchy bump.

Treatments: In most cases, rashes resulting from a mild allergic reaction to insect bites can go away on its’ own. However, you may need to take a trip to the emergency room or your general practitioner in the case of a more severe reaction. A doctor will prescribe a topical cream in these cases.

19. Cysts

Causes: Cysts can occur in several parts of the body. Skin cysts  (also known as sebaceous (epidermal) cysts) are sacs (bump or lump) under the skin which are full of sebum (a fluid that is a greasy and cheese-like material). One cause of cysts is a plugged hair follicle duct. These cysts can also result from an infected injury or hormone stimulation.

Treatments: Treatments for cysts include cleaning the affected area with antibacterial soap, applying a warm washcloth for 20 to 30 minutes several times a day (up to four) to increase blood circulation and speed healing. Be sure to schedule an appointment with a dermatologist if there is no change within a week, or if the cysts begin to pus.

20. Port Wine Stains/Birthmarks

Causes: Port Wine Stains or birthmarks are present at birth and are usually red or brown in their appearance.

Treatments: A specialist may use a variety of laser treatments to remove Port Wine Stains. The type of laser treatment used is dependent on the type of Port Wine Stain and the anatomical location. A doctor may suggest a series of treatments in order to obtain the best results. It is best to treat Port Wine Stains early in life. This is because they get thicker and darker over time and can lead to bleeding as a person ages.


21. Warts

Causes: Warts, wherever they appear, are an infection resulting from the Human Papillomavirus family.

Treatments: Removing warts is not always necessary. In the case of treating warts, chemical peels, some laser therapies, freezing or topical creams are great. Your doctor will discuss treatment options that will help remove warts without creating scar tissue. Salicylic acid can help with home treatments.

If you are experiencing any of these red spots on your skin or have other skin concerns, contact us to schedule an appointment.

What are the shapes of jewelry rings

Rings differ not only in type, design, material of manufacture, but also in shape. Among the variety of models, it is easy to find an option for a gift, to pick up a piece of jewelry for everyday or solemn dress. Let’s consider what rings are in shape and what are their features.

Washer rings

Such rings are also called “American”. In cross section, the washer ring resembles a rectangle with smooth or slightly rounded edges.High-tech jewelry looks great on both male and female hands. Rings of this shape are often chosen by newlyweds as wedding rings.

Washer rings are characterized by a wide profile, so they must be chosen exactly according to their size or slightly larger. A small margin will provide the finger with more comfort when putting on and taking off.

Straight rings

Straight jewelry does not have pronounced corners, as, for example, washer rings.These are simple and laconic jewelry that will complement your everyday look well. Rectangular rings are suitable for connoisseurs of strict and discreet solutions.

Straight rings are wide and narrow, they are made of yellow or white gold, platinum. Most often, straight rings are smooth, but there are models decorated with patterns, inlaid with precious stones.

It is convenient to engrave on the inner surface of flat straight rings, and the flat outer part allows you to stir any patterns – they will not be distorted.Thanks to the straight profile, gemstones, stylized fingerprints, and a diamond cut look great on the rings.

Round rings

Such jewelry is shaped like a donut, or torus. In most cases, circular rings are made without any inserts, but there are exceptions. Gold jewelry of this type is suitable for engagement and is often chosen by men.

Round rings emphasize the grace of thin fingers, giving them a special aristocracy.In addition, round-shaped jewelry fits comfortably without causing discomfort and is convenient for everyday wear. Thanks to the round profile, the rings do not cling to clothing, do not injure or scratch the skin.

Barrel rings

Keg-shaped models look quite voluminous and expressive. The ring-barrels got their name because of their characteristic thickness and pronounced volume. Rings of this type are often purchased for a wedding, since it is believed that a “full barrel” symbolizes family happiness and prosperity.

The peculiarity of such rings is that even with a small thickness and weight, they look impressive. For this reason, kegs are not very suitable for owners of short fingers – in tandem with such an ornament, they will seem too massive.

There are many interpretations of the barrel-shaped rings: smooth, textured, with patterns and diamonds, made of platinum and gold.

Convex rings

Convex rings are easy to put on and take off and fit comfortably on your fingers.But due to the peculiarities of the structure of the profile, convex rings can slip off the fingers. In addition, the curved outer surface is more susceptible to external mechanical stress. For this reason, raised rings scratch faster and need frequent polishing.

Convex rings are comfortable to use and are great for everyday wear. Models made of gold, decorated with patterns, drawings look attractive – this option is suitable for young women. Mature ladies can choose models with a lane of diamonds, emeralds or other precious stones.

Concave rings

Due to the concave shape of the rings, they look spectacular on the hands: such a profile gives the jewelry extra volume and shine. The recess in the middle is often inlaid by jewelers with precious stones, enamel or patterns.

Concave rings do not pinch your fingers and are suitable for everyday wear. Thanks to the concave profile, the rings are less scratched and retain their original appearance longer.

Jewelry can be of different widths, glossy or matte.Rings are made of red, white and yellow gold, platinum. In addition, there are combined models – jewelry looks great in any color and metal.

Faceted rings

Extraordinary, but at the same time practical models. Faceted rings are created with one or more repeating planes of a geometrically regular shape. The cut pattern is symmetrical and asymmetrical, it can occupy part or the entire surface of the ring.

Facets can be glossy, matte, and sometimes they are decorated with small precious stones.Faceted models look good on men and women, are practical and do not require special care.

Rings of an unusual shape

Non-standard jewelry is chosen by those who are tired of everyday life and want to diversify their usual style. Among the unusual forms are:

· Rings in the shape of a crown. Such decoration will make you feel like a special royal blood and will give you self-confidence. Decorations stylized as a crown are combined with a business wardrobe and decorate a solemn look.

· Square rings. They look very brutal and elegant. Equally well suited to both the stronger sex and fragile girls. Square rings are decorated with engravings, openwork dusting or patterns, placers of precious stones.

· Braided rings. The volumetric texture looks very original, especially when the ring is made of metals of different colors, for example, white and red gold. Some models are complemented with stones of neutral shades.

Platinum or gold rings of an unusual shape will decorate a themed wedding, will be a bright addition to an informal everyday look. The decoration can be presented as an original gift in honor of a significant event: birthday, anniversary, engagement.

What to be guided by when choosing jewelry

When buying a ring, you should consider some of the nuances:

• age, status, taste and habits of the one who will wear it;

· The reason for the purchase of the jewelry;

· Shape, size of hands and fingers;

· Material of manufacture.

It is also important to think about how often and where you (or the one to whom you give the jewelry) will wear the ring. So, jewelry for everyday wear will differ from those that are selected for an evening outfit.

· A smooth round or rectangular ring will harmoniously fit into the usual office bow. A brushed gold washer ring might be a good solution.

· For the solemn look, you can pick up a large barrel-shaped ring with a scattering of diamonds, a convex ring with one large gem.

How to choose a ring: useful tips

When choosing jewelry, it is important to consider not only the length and thickness of the fingers, but also the shape of the palm.

· On long thin fingers, both the narrowest (up to 3 mm) and the widest (5-10 mm) rings look good.

· For short fingers it is worth choosing models of medium width – up to 4 mm.

· Owners of long and chubby fingers can take a closer look at wide models.

· Fingers of medium length and thickness will decorate rings with a width of 3 to 5 mm.

The listed recommendations are rather arbitrary. When buying, you should be guided by personal preferences and choose a piece of jewelry for your own taste. It is advisable to try on the ring to see how it looks and how comfortable it feels on your hand.

Hand in hand How the oldest jewelry in history appeared and why it is still popular: Phenomena: Values: Lenta.ru

Lenta.ru continues a series of publications about the history of different types of clothing and accessories. In the previous articles of the cycle, it was about stilettos, a mini-skirt, a man’s dress, a suit, a tie, tights and a down jacket. A new article is about the history of the bracelet that turned from armor into decoration.

Bracelets are one of the earliest adornments in the history of mankind. Even ancient people decorated their wrists with strips of leather and animal veins, on which beads were strung from animal fangs or stones with natural holes.Initially, as anthropologists believe, bracelets played the role of mystical amulets, and not just cute trinkets, but over time these roles have merged into a single – amulet-jewelry.

In ancient times, for men, a hoop bracelet (this word is linguistically derived from the expression “in the arm”, “on the arm”) had a practical meaning. Wide bracelets protected the wrist, vulnerable in battle or on a hunt, from blows with melee weapons and the teeth of predatory animals (as leggings protected calves and ankles). Nowadays, a wide jewelry bracelet, shaped like this piece of armor, is called cuff in English.This word has recently appeared in Russian – “kaff”.

Gradually, with the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze and Iron Age, people received and accumulated skills in metal processing. This was accompanied by an increasingly clear division of the people into rich, powerful, and poor commoners. Rough savage men’s bracelets made of lowered simple stones or shells or wide strips of thick rawhide were no longer worn by the rich.

Warriors-aristocrats adorned themselves in battle with luxurious objects of almost jewelry level made of bronze or damask steel with gold and silver notching, decorated as exquisitely as all their armor.In the Middle Ages, such bracelets from Byzantine emperors, kings and princes finally lost their practical role. They were made of gold and gemstones and were worn as part of a ceremonial dress to show high status.

For women, bracelets, of course, were not armor: rather a talisman and, like men, a way of demonstrating status and wealth. In ancient India, bracelets played the role of a wedding ring, signaling a woman’s marital status. There is a legend that among the Bedouins, nomadic tribes of the Middle East, a husband could divorce his wife and expel her with the property that was on her.That is why Bedouin women traditionally wear many silver or gold (depending on their wealth) bracelets on both hands.

At the same time, not all women had bracelets in the old days. In cultures where clothing with long sleeves was adopted, decorations on the shirt fabric played the role of a bracelet. For wealthy women, the sleeves of festive dresses were embroidered with gold embroidery, pearls, and pieces of more expensive fabric (for example, brocade) were sewn on them. Poor girls embroidered the sleeves of their shirts with colored threads.

In Europe, bracelets entered (or returned) into aristocratic fashion around the 17th century, along with the fashion for dresses with sleeves that were shortened by three-quarters, or dresses that left bare hands altogether. In Europe, this fashion appeared earlier than in Russia. In our country, women began to bare their hands under Peter I, who introduced Western European customs.

As a rule, such outfits were worn by rich aristocrats (and later, in the middle of the 19th century, representatives of the wealthy bourgeoisie) on special occasions: at balls, evening receptions, at court.The Empire style, which spread in Europe and at the Russian court at the very end of the 18th century, introduced fashion not only for short sleeves of high-waisted dresses “in the Greek style”, but also for “Greek” bracelets in the form of snakes twisting the wrist. Such a decoration, reminiscent of the legend of Queen Cleopatra, can be seen in the portrait of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna by Bryullov.

Evening fashion of the 19th – early 20th century meant cuff-cuffs or wide flexible bracelets with a clasp. They were part of a parure (a complete evening set of decorations).The parure, in addition to the bracelet, included a ring, necklace, earrings and hair accessory (tiara or diadem) of the same design. For the parure, only gold was used (sometimes there were platinum details), precious stones and pearls.

At the end of the nineteenth century, women (by the way, earlier than men) began to wear watches on their bracelets. The evening watch is just a cuff bracelet, in which the dial is most often hidden. A real breakthrough for jewelry watches was the invention in 1929 by the watchmakers of the Swiss manufactory Jaeger-LeCoultre of the Caliber 101, which weighed about a gram.From that moment on, watches in evening bracelets became almost invisible. In 1953, just such a model was worn by the British Queen Elizabeth II.

After the First World War, almost all the harsh conventions of women’s fashion of previous centuries are a thing of the past. Women, even wealthy ones, were able to wear not only unassuming short skirts and trousers, but also inexpensive jewelry, the taste for which was instilled in them, in particular, by Chanel, who often wore large cuff bracelets with eight-pointed crosses made by the master aristocrat Duke Fulco di Verdura.

Economic crises have led to an increase in gold prices, which is why even the fashionable jewelry house Van Cleef & Arpels offered its clients bangles made of Bakelite, ivory and ebony, very moderately inlaid with gold, enamel, mother-of-pearl and semiprecious stones.

As soon as the financial situation improved, the jewelers of the haute joaillerie resumed their work with precious metals, diamonds and rare colored stones. In 1932, Chanel herself briefly changed her passion for jewelry and released a jewelry collection of white gold and diamonds with comet and feather motifs.

The Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson set the tone for jewelry in the interwar period. The wife of the abdicated British King Edward VIII loved bracelets: they emphasized the thinness of her wrists. Wallis wore chalcedony bracelets from the outstripping jewelry designer Suzanne Belperron.

The Duchess did a lot to popularize the Panthère de Cartier motif. The panther was also invented by a woman – the creative director of the Cartier house Jeanne Toussaint, a contemporary of Simpson.Among other creations of the house, the Duchess of Windsor had a panther bracelet set with diamonds. Because Simpson was imitated by many, wildcat jewelry became a hit and remains so to this day.

The post-war period was a triumph for the American house of Tiffany & Co. The middle of the twentieth century was the era of the famous jeweler Jean Michel Schlumberger. He made luxurious evening bracelets with precious stones: lush, but not banging in kitsch. In the middle of the century, Van Cleef & Arpels and another French house, Boucheron, vividly developed Toussaint’s motive of the “jewelery bestiary” – jewelry depicting animals.The beauty of these flashy pieces, popular to this day, is that massive bracelets look “cartoonish” but are made of gold and precious stones. Therefore, jewelry “animals” Boucheron or de Grisogono are quite appropriate for a cocktail or evening reception.

The tone in the classic evening jewelry fashion of the 20th and 21st centuries was set by luxury companies that rethought the heritage of past centuries. The Japanese house Mikimoto, a pioneer in the use of cultured pearls, brought back into fashion the popular 18th century rocaille bracelets made of several pearl strands with richly decorated diamond clasps.A bracelet-string of pearls has received its own name in English pearl bracelet.

Another originally rocaille motif, a bow, is repeated in different versions in bracelets of many luxury brands: magnificent at Dior Joaillerie, succinctly at Chaumet. The high jewelery masters were followed by premium brands. Bows began to be made not only with diamonds, but also with Swarovski crystals. This bracelet looks good with a cocktail dress that fully opens the arms: then the attention of others is focused on this throw and flirty decoration.

The sexual revolution of the late 1960s became the starting point for ethnics and psychedelicism in Europe and the United States. The boho style, most popular with the 1970s informals and their sympathetic bohemians and even young people from respectable circles, meant bracelets. Many different bracelets.

The most famous, even in our country, kind of “hippie” bracelets – friendship bracelets woven from threads or beads (in the USSR and Russia they were called “baubles”). Yoga enthusiasts had bead bracelets, models reminiscent of Buddhist rosary beads made of round beads or ornamental engraved rectangular plates (now popular again).The most versatile are bangle bracelets. These are wide rings made of a thin metal strip, as if made of silver or gold by Arab, Indian or Thai artisans. They were worn, imitating the authentic manner of Indian women and Bedouins, several pieces on one wrist.

It was these models that inspired jewelry designer Aldo Cipullo when in 1969 he made his LOVE bracelet for the Cartier house. In addition to the allusion to the ethnic style, the love secret was also “encrypted” in it: the bracelet can be removed only with a special screwdriver.Chippulo’s creation resembled an affirmation bracelet (a version of a Bangla with inscriptions and symbols, as, for example, on traditional Georgian prayer bracelets).

LOVE in different variations (different widths, made of gold in different colors, with pavé diamonds) remains the brand’s bestseller for almost half a century. This is one of the most famous pieces of jewelry of the 20th century. All Instagram stars have it, including Kim Kardashian and Bella Hadid.

The heritage of the 1960s and 1970s is not limited to Bangla. At the same time, wide laconic cuffs and bracelets – “belts” made of leather with buckles, which were worn over the sleeves of thin turtleneck jumpers, came into fashion.From India, hippies literally brought in kilograms the so-called wooden bracelet (jewelry carved from a piece of wood) and hololith bracelet (the same, but from ornamental stones: onyx, carnelian). They were worn with safari-style dresses, which are associated with the legacy of the young Yves Saint Laurent and are now popular as anything vintage.

The eighties of the last century were remembered by many as an era of material well-being and prosperity. It is not surprising that rich women then went out in diamonds not only at gala receptions, but also on the tennis court.American houses Harry Winston and the already mentioned Tiffany & Co. made popular laconic bracelets – “paths” of large diamonds.

They are called tennis bracelet: they were worn by tennis stars of the 1980s and 1990s, including Anna Kournikova, the first Russian tennis player to become famous in the West. In addition to diamonds, other precious stones (rubies, sapphires, emeralds) of classic cuts, mainly round and baguette ones, were used for such models. These bracelets were soon worn at black tie ceremonies and at cocktails, combined with a sheath dress or open designer tops.

In general, in the penultimate decade of the twentieth century, the tone in jewelry and jewelry was set by the American spirit of prosperity and exclusivity. Massive chain bracelets (for example, from Pomellato), cuffs with large colored stones, like Bvlgari, were in fashion. Large-scale, expensive looking and expensive jewelery with polished finishes in various shades of gold and colored Swarovski crystals has become popular again. These things seemed to convey the wealth and determination of their owner – as energetic as the heroine of the TV series “Dynasty” Alexis Colby performed by Joan Collins.

The 1990s brought biomorphic jewelry to the jewelery style. Wide detachable or one-piece cuffs, as well as rigid bracelets fastened with a chain, resemble a piece of coral, stingray skin or even some kind of alien substance (as well as the architecture of Hundertwasser). Such things are done, in particular, by the Italian house Antonini. Deconstructivist architectural projects with broken edges and fancifully heaped volumes also found a place in the jewelry business. These are bracelets designed by architects, Pritzker laureates Frank Gehry for Tiffany & Co.and Zaha Hadid for Georg Jensen.

Minimalism of the 1990s found a new breath in the 2010s: day or costume jewelry is often made with emphasized geometric and lightness. Bangle bracelets, reminiscent of finely traced gold frames on the skin, with diamonds or cubic zirconia and pearls. Thread bracelets are modeled on the Kabbalistic red thread (which, by the way, was fashioned by Madonna when she became interested in Kabbalah). Chain bracelet – chains without decorative elements, either with round or baroque pearls, which can be worn one at a time or in several pieces at once.

This trend marked the beginning of the modern fashion for “jewelry-memories” or “jewelry-diaries of emotions”, which are loved by both young teenage girls and older women. Many brands produce charm bracelets. These are souvenirs in memory of outstanding events in the life of the hostess of the jewelry. The Eiffel Tower reminds of a trip to Paris, a figurine of a child – of the birth of a baby, a heart – of a romantic date. These bracelets testify that today the main thing in an adornment is not its cost, but the memories that it evokes.

loosen and remove – Russian translation – Linguee

If an assembled joint

leaks, you nee d t o loosen and remove a l l bolts, nuts, washers […]

and gaskets.


If mounted connection

flows, then you need d imo loosen t b and y d al um b all bolts, nuts, […]

washers and seals.


1 Loosen , u nscr e w and remove t h plastic cover e 9000 .com

1 Key m SW 1 1 loosen, unscrew and from plastic protective cap.


Vs waxing: Silk-epil 7 and 5 remove hairs that


waxing leaves behind, thanks to the

patented HairLift system designed to l if t , loosen , and g e nt l 9017 remove 9017 remove l 9017 e v en the shortest or flat-lying hair.


Compared to waxing: Silk-epil 7 and 5 remove hairs that are not waxed


copes thanks to

the patented system Ha irLif t, developed h t rev s lift, p. ac ..]

even the shortest or


hairs adjacent to the skin.


A ft e r loosening and removing t h e bearing cap, the resulting […]

width of the plastic strip and consequently the bearing clearance


can be determined with the aid of the enclosed reference scale.


P ass e release and s n yat ni n bearing cover resulting […]

the width of the filament and thus the bearing clearance


can be determined using the enclosed comparison scale.


Loosen t h e sto pp e r and remove t h e.


Loosen the cap and on br put on the protective disc.


Loosen t h e screws [ 3 ] and remove t h e [4]


Unscrew and [3 ] thread terminal box [4].


Loosen t h e hexagon nu t s and remove t h e


Remove w eu Tie facet d a wrench and d Tie it Tie the actuator off the valve.


Loosen t h e three sc re w s and remove t h e lower part

of the ejector.


Separate three bolts t a and b yn Remove the bottom of the ejector.


To clean the pre-strainer bas ke t , loosen t h e thumb s cr e 90 w and remove s l am p.


To clean the basket n s preliminary f or s t pa loosen screw s n ak at an at and SN IM IT E clamp.


Loosen c o up ling clamping screw ( 9 ) and c re 9080 re 9017 y remove c o up ling from motor shaft. 6.


Loosen press and couplings (9) and carefully from from motor shaft 6.


Loosen f a st ening nu t s and remove t 90 180 h 90 180 bulb rear


Loosen to p e pge ny e g ay ki and ch im ut e lamp housing back.


Loosen t h e screws [ 2 ] and remove t h e [3]..]

friction plate [1], brake disk [4], pressure plate [5] and damping plate [6].


Unscrew wi nt [2] and nt im um e guide ring [3] […]

with friction disc [1], brake disc [4], pressure disc [5] and


damping disc [6].


Loosen f o ur sc re w s and remove t h e cover.


Unscrew h s nt s and nt a and s nt s terminal box cover.


Loosen t h e screws [ 2 ] and remove t h e…]

with the releasing lever (on version with manual brake release).


Unscrew vi ny [2] and sn im ut e brake assembly e with p ich agom […]

release device (on engines with manual device




Loosen t h e parking b ra k e and / or remove or h e wheel chocks.


Release the parking brake z and / or ub er ew wheel chocks.


Loosen f l an ge nut (pos. 1 4 ) and remove d i 9), rolling […]

diaphragm (pos. 10), diaphragm plate (pos. 11),


bushing (pos. 8) and O-ring (pos. 12) with bushing (pos. 13).


Loosen ha and (14 ), remove from pi ndel (1 ) [9] .]

diaphragm (10), diaphragm plate (11), sleeve


(8) and o-ring (12) with bushing (13).


Loosen c o ll ar nut / countersunk screw on hood, caref ul l y remove h o upward h o direction.


Unscrew v and nt with countersunk head on the skin x e, carefully remove to cool y by pulling it up.


Loosen , b ut do n o t remove , six179 t he scc 9080 cap 9080 t he 901 s locking 9080 , and s e pa rate the cap from the cell with a slight rocking motion.


Loosen remove from the cell.


Loosen f l an ge nut (pos. 1 4 ) and remove d i ap hragm flange (pos. 9), rolling […]

diaphragm (pos. 10), diaphragm plate (pos. 11) and bushing (pos. 8).


Loosen ha and (14 ), remove from w pin ( 1) diaphragm flange (9) rolling […]

diaphragm (10), diaphragm plate (11) and bushing (8).


To do s o , loosen t h e socket head screws [1] on the u pp e r and l o we r conductor rails [3].


To do this, unscrew the socket head screws [1] n and upper and lower to busbars [3].


Loosen c o ll ar nut / countersunk screw on hood, caref ul l y remove h o od


Unscrew int with countersunk head on the skin x e, carefully remove to cool y by pulling it up.


Use a pipe about 1.5 Meters long

positioned through the loop of the handle to f ir s t loosen and t h en completely unscrew the handle assembly from the cyli nd e r and remove .



about 1.5m, passed through the loop of the handles to and, at the beginning from ny stee, and then completely from vi thread and separate from and separate from 9017 from the cylinder.


Loosen t h e hex nuts [ 16 ] , remove t the cable to the connector h e magnet [ 14 ] , remove t h e mag ne t , 79 and remove 9080 9080 h e brake springs [15].


Unscrew ches te facet nuts [1 6], remove pc ek ep from the connector on the frame [14] brake coil to i, remove remove ac coil assembly and brake springs [15].


Unscrew the central retaining screw [367] by

about 2-3 t ur n s and loosen t h e cone by tapping […]

lightly on the head of the screw.


Loosen c fixing screw [367] […]

2-3 turns and release the cone by lightly hitting the screw head.


The question still remains as to whether the 1995 Directives, in their complexity, do not in fact reflect a delicate balance between the desire of most of the partners to stimulate cooperation between UN ES C O and t h e NGOs while simplifying its modalit ie s , and a 9017 re9 celuct of the bodies r UNESC O t o loosen u n du ly the constraints of the statutory framework.


As before, the question is, of course, whether the complex structure of the 1995 Directives reflects the delicate balance that has developed between the desire of most parties to stimulate cooperation between S NESKO and non-governmental organizations and to simplify its mechanisms and attributed to ol fucking in the governing bodies of UNESCO that prevents them from unduly weakening relations as a result of too many regulatory restrictions.


These countries

would hav e t o loosen t h e state’s grip on their people that cotton facilitation at e s e n d the systems of patro na g e and c o rr up paidtion rr up […]

for by export earnings from the crop.


These countries have to ease the pressure


states on their

citizens, which is possible thanks to the cultivation of cotton a , and n ol revive the con e c system n at raonage and corruption paid for by income from […]

exports of this crop.


(Observer for Palestine) commenting on the inhumane conditions of the 1.5 million Palestine refugees in Gaza and of the 30,000 Palestinians displaced from the Nahr el-Bared refugee camp in Lebanon, as well as the remarkable support UNRWA was providing to all the


refugees, asked for more

information on what exactly Israel had done since the summe r t o loosen i t s imm or a l and i l le gal blockade of Gaza, if still only 24 per cent of the […]

approved goods were allowed in.


Mr. Mansour (Observer for Palestine), speaking out about the inhuman conditions of the 1.5 million Palestine refugees in the Gaza Strip and the 30,000 Palestinians displaced from the Nahr el-Bared refugee camp in Lebanon, and also the excellent support that UNRWA


provides all refugees, requests

provide more information about h then exactly I sp ai l did after the summer to weaken its immoral and illegal blockade of Gaza, if […]

so far only

have been missed

24 percent of the permitted goods.


If the rings

[1] [5] do n o t loosen f r om each other, unscrew as many screws as there are forcing thr e d ea s and s c re w these equally […]

into the forcing


threads until the tapered bushing is pushed out of the tapered ring.


If the rings [1] and [5] do not separate themselves, t o you must you ve remove one screw for each forcing […]

holes, and, evenly twisting


them into the holes, press the tapered bushing out of the tapered ring.


Use supplied T-10 ke y t o loosen ( d o not comple te l y 9080 remove 901) t he three (3) screws on dome bubble.


Use the supplied T-10 wrench to loosen (do not completely loosen) the three (3) screws on the camera dome.


(3) Next put the larva into a test-tube containing 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and heat in a boiling water bath until larval tis su e s loosen and b e gi n to separate from the cuticle.


(3) Then put the larvae in a test tube containing 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and heat in a boiling water bath until a larvae mk ani not n start peel off and peel off the cuticle.


Coccyx backing circle made of fabric (for weight up to 70 kg)

The coccyx is one of the areas of the body most susceptible to pressure ulcers when the patient is in the supine position. To avoid the onset of the disease, you must use special care products. In addition, for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers on the tailbone, it is recommended to use a special circle – a kind of round pillow for pressure ulcers with a hole in the middle.

The tissue circle, in contrast to the rubber analogue, not only provides the patient’s body with such a position in which the coccyx is excluded from contact with a hard surface, but also helps to avoid new skin problems while in bed. This is achieved due to the fact that the fabric cover of the product does not impede air circulation, allowing the skin to breathe. In addition, the circle has a membrane fabric pillowcase that reliably protects it from moisture and dirt.

Polystyrene foam in granules or hollow spiral fiber (produced in two versions) is used as a filler.Both materials do not interfere with air exchange and provide patient comfort.

The wheel with granules is used for a patient weighing up to 70 kg. The granules are evenly distributed inside the product, which ensures high efficiency in the use of the wheel. With prolonged use, especially if the patient is overweight, the filler may cake. In this case, you can add the required amount of granules to the inside of the circle. For this, a special zipper is provided on the product.

If the patient weighs more than 70 kg, it is recommended to choose a disc with a hollow fiber (similar to a holofiber). This filler does not compress, maintains well and quickly restores its shape.

Peculiarities of the anti-decubitus circle Alzfix:

  • Only breathable materials that are safe for the patient’s skin.
  • One size fits all patient size.
  • Possibility to adjust the height of the wheel by pouring-adding filler (in the version with granules).
  • Removable waterproof pillowcase to keep the garment clean, even if the diaper leaks.

In order to exclude the appearance of bedsores in the coccyx and sacrum of the spine, you need to place a circle under the problematic part of the body. In this case, the tailbone should be located in the central hole of the circle.

The product is very convenient to use, does not cause inconvenience to the patient. To keep the circle clean, it is enough to wash the removable pillowcase as it gets dirty.In case of heavy dirt, the wheel itself can also be washed by hand. It is not required to pour out the filler.