Safe foods for an ulcer: The request could not be satisfied
Ulcer-Friendly Foods | Healthy Eating
By Jennifer Rowan Updated November 28, 2018
When it comes to ulcers, the food you eat plays a key role, but not in the ways outdated information would have you believe. Starting with the cause of your ulcers to what foods are encouraged or discouraged, new research has revealed new dietary rules of thumb for dealing with ulcers. While eating certain foods doesn’t cause stomach ulcers, some foods are more ulcer-friendly than others.
Ulcers Aren’t Caused by What You Eat
Ulcers are small sores that develop on the lining inside your stomach, and they can also form on the walls inside the top part of your small intestine. In most cases, these sores are a byproduct of an infection caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) or the result of taking too many nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen. There are other, less common, causes of peptic ulcers, such as certain cancers, but the point is that the long-held belief that diet or stress causes ulcers is no longer true. What is true is that your diet can have a direct effect on your symptoms.
What You Eat Matters Though
If you consider that ulcers are essentially open wounds inside your stomach or small intestine, it makes sense that you should consider carefully what you’re putting them in contact with. Spicy foods, which were long thought to create ulcers, are now ill-advised for one very simply reason: spices can irritate your ulcers, causing you more pain.
You should also steer clear of foods that have high levels of acidity for the same reason. Some of the main culprits when it comes to high acid levels are citrus fruits and tomatoes.
There are also beverages that spur increased acid production by your stomach itself, which you want to limit as much as possible while your ulcers heal. These include alcohol, as well as coffee and soda – both caffeinated and decaf.
Surprisingly, another acid-producing food is dairy. While a glass of cold milk may temporarily soothe your digestive system, milk stimulates more stomach acid production, making it a bad idea in the long run.
Ulcer-Friendly Foods For Healing
So what foods should you eat? To start, eat a balanced diet of whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats and healthy fats. Steer clear of fried foods if they bother you. Avoid eating large meals, and stop eating a few hours before bedtime.
Foods that are high in fiber may be helpful, and they don’t spur excessive peptic acid production, leaving your ulcers free from excessive irritation. To get the most bang for your fiber buck, try some lentils or black beans, or some fruit, such as raspberries, pears, and prunes. Vegetables, such as artichokes and broccoli, are also great high-fiber foods.
In addition to relying on high-fiber foods, you can also give your ulcers a healing boost with foods that are rich in antioxidants. Topping the list are berries, allowing you to get both antioxidants and fiber. Also rich in antioxidants are sweet potatoes, dark green vegetables, beans, and decaffeinated green tea.
If you’re taking antibiotics for your ulcers, the medications are eliminating both the harmful, ulcer-causing bacteria, as well as the good bacteria in your digestive system. To make up for the loss, try a probiotic supplement or add some foods that have naturally-occurring probiotic bacteria, such as yogurt, sauerkraut, and miso soup.
The bottom line for ulcer-friendly foods is to stick to a diet that causes the least amount of irritation while your ulcers heal and also promotes better gut health at the same time.
5 Foods that Help Prevent Stomach Ulcers
While fairly common, ulcers can be painful and cause lasting damage if not treated. Most ulcers are caused by an infection from Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria which damages the protective lining of your stomach allowing acid to essentially burn your stomach. Common symptoms include indigestion, abdominal pain, and heartburn. The health experts at Envolve, an integrated healthcare solutions company, are pleased to share five foods that may help fight against the ulcer-causing bacteria.
1. Binge Blueberries. Small, but powerful, blueberries contain flavonoids, which are polyphenols that help protect the stomach lining by increasing stomach mucus that halts the growth of H. pylori. Besides warding off ulcers, this berry also may help strengthen heart health, lower blood pressure, and increase bone strength.
2. Have Honey. You might not think of this natural sweetener providing health benefits but it does! Honey may prevent acid reflux, improve cholesterol and suppress coughs and aids in the prevention and healing of wounds including ulcers. If you’re unsure of what kind to buy, try raw or Manuka honey as they have the most antibacterial effects.
3. Bite Broccoli. This cruciferous vegetable has a chemical called sulforaphane, which is known for its antibacterial effects. In addition to reducing stomach pain it may also promote healthy skin and weight loss, improve immune system function, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Aim to eat about 1 cup of broccoli, raw or cooked, per day to help alleviate stomach pain.
4. Eat Yogurt. A staple breakfast item or mid-afternoon snack, this protein powerhouse has “good” bacteria that help reduce inflammation, prevent bacterial infection in your stomach, improve digestive tract health, and increase the production of antibodies that fight bacteria and viruses. It’s also a great source of calcium, vitamin D, protein and potassium.
5. Choose Cranberries. High in nutrients and antioxidants, this superfood may help lower the risk of stomach ulcers and ease symptoms when an ulcer has already developed. Cranberries also are low in calories and high in several vitamins like A, C and K. Enjoy the health benefits through fresh or dried cranberries, cranberry sauce or a tasty glass of cranberry juice!
About Envolve, Inc.®
Envolve, Inc.® is a family of health solutions, working together to make healthcare simpler, more effective and more accessible for everyone. As an agent for change in healthcare, Envolve is committed to transforming the health of the community, one person at a time. Envolve unifies specialty pharmacy, PBM, vision, dental, 24/7 nurse advice services, diabetes management, MSO solutions, and more. For more information, please visit our website www.envolvehealth.com or contact us at [email protected]
Peptic ulcer prevention and diet
Peptic ulcer prevention
It may be possible to prevent an ulcer from developing and reduce any risk factors you may have when following the above home remedies as well as some of the below:
- Protecting yourself from any potential infections – There are a number of steps that you can take to afford you protection against the spread of H. pylori bacteria. It is not quite clear as to how the bacterium spreads, but evidence suggests that is may be transmitted through personal contact with an infected person or through contaminated water and food. Through good practices of personal hygiene and washing your hands with water and soap before eating and after going to the bathroom you may be able to reduce your risk.
- Using caution when taking painkillers – The regular use of painkillers will increase your risk of developing a peptic ulcer. There are ways that painkillers can be taken. Taking your medication with meals and in smaller doses may also help. It is best to work with your doctor regarding the use of painkillers.
The peptic ulcer diet
There is a specialised diet, or rather, eating guidelines, that will significantly increase your ulcer’s rate of healing. When this diet is followed, it will limit the foods that will irritate the ulcer as certain foods can aggravate the symptoms and result in bloating, heartburn, stomach pain and indigestion.
It is vital that you stick to this eating plan as anything that aggravates your ulcer will only make your symptoms worse and your healing process longer. You may also be putting yourself at risk of other complications developing such as the peptic ulcer bleeding should you not adhere to these recommendations.
Please note that this eating plan is not a means of treatment, but rather a way to promote the healing of your ulcer. You will need to still have your ulcer diagnosed and treated by your doctor and stick to the treatment therapy accordingly in order to ensure that you undergo a full recovery.
The following can also be used for those who suffer from gastritis.
What foods and beverages should be avoided or limited?
It is best to avoid any spicy, acidic or high-fat foods. It is suggested that you learn to identify what foods have the worst impact on your peptic ulcer symptoms, everyone is affected by food differently. The foods to avoid pertain to the ones that result in the over-production of stomach acid which can interfere with the healing of the ulcer and irritate the lining of the digestive tract.
The following foods may aggravate the symptoms of an ulcer:
- Chocolate milk and full-fat milk
- Hot chocolate
- Carbonated beverages
- Caffeinated beverages
- Decaffeinated or regular coffee
- Spearmint or peppermint tea
- Black or green tea
- Citrus fruit juices
- Alcoholic beverages
Seasonings and spices
- Red and black pepper
- Chilli powder
- Mustard seed
- Dairy foods that have been made from cream or full-fat milk
- Strongly flavoured or spicy cheeses that contain black pepper or jalapenos
- High-fat meats that are highly seasoned such as ham, cold cuts, bacon and sausage
- Peppers and chillies
- Sugar – highly refined sugars found in foods create a harsh environment in the stomach as they are difficult to digest
- Tomatoes – any tomato products such as tomato paste, tomato sauce or tomato juice
- Highly processed carbs such as white bread, cakes, cookies and doughnuts.
- Fried foods such as French fries, potato chips, onion rings.
- Margarine – this is a highly processed spread that takes very long for the stomach to process.
- Red meat – This contains a high amount of protein and takes a longer time to digest, therefore resulting in more stomach acid. Red meat also contains more fat than white meat, this also requires more stomach acid for digestion.
- Chewing gum – This causes a build-up of stomach acid as the body detects the saliva in the mouth and chewing as actual food and prepares itself to digest it.
What foods and beverages can I have?
There are a number of foods and beverages that you are still able to consume that will help promote the healing of your ulcer. Try to eat vegetables and fruits that are high in vitamin A and C as these are vital for your immune system function, giving it the strength it needs to help the body heal the peptic ulcer. Whole grains and fibre-rich foods are a great option, as well as healthy fats.
Those who follow these eating guidelines will note a significant improvement in their ulcer symptoms and their general well-being.
The following are some fibre-rich foods that you will promote healing:
- Bell peppers
- Other legumes
- Sweet potatoes
- Whole grain cereals
- Brown rice
Healthy foods for protein
There have been studies that suggest that eating protein is vital for ulcers to heal. Protein promotes the healing of all wounds. Some healthy proteins include:
- Eggs (egg whites)
- Lean meats
It is vital that you choose healthy fats over trans fats as these may help in alleviating the symptoms of an ulcer. These include:
- Vegetable oils
- Fish oils – these can also be taken in the form of supplements (Omega-3s)
- Seed and nut butters
Foods rich in probiotics
These may be able to help in the relief of ulcer-related pain and include:
- Yoghurt – some research suggests that natural yoghurt contains active cultures which are good bacteria that may be able to promote the healing of the ulcer and inhibit the growth of H. pylori
- Aged cheese – this may contain the same cultures as yoghurt
Beverages and condiments
- Filtered water
- Herbal tea
- Plant-based milks
Supplements, spices and herbs
- Cranberry extract – This may stop the growth of the H. pylori in your stomach
- Mastic extract – This may also inhibit bacterial growth in your stomach
- Vitamin C – Promotes the healing of ulcers through boosting the immune system
- DGL-liquorice extract – This may help to protect the digestive tract from anti-inflammatory drugs
- Probiotics – These aid in the ulcer recovery and help in counteracting the side effects of other medications such as antibiotics which upset the natural intestinal flora balance of the stomach
Individual tolerances to spices may vary and it is best to know what aggravates your symptoms personally. Some ‘safe’ herbs include:
Other helpful diet guidelines
It is best to stop eating for at least two hours before you go to bed as this will help prevent any heartburn and indigestion. It is also advised that you eat smaller meals more frequently as this will be easier on your stomach and digestion.
The above list is more of a guideline and you may find that some foods that are allowed may aggravate some of your symptoms. Therefore, you should spend time in identifying your individual problem foods and avoid these until your ulcer has completely healed.
5 Foods to Eat for Ulcer Relief – Mother Earth Living
It used to be thought that ulcers were the plight of middle-aged, overworked, stressed-out men who lived on a diet of greasy pizza and beer. Although there’s always some truth in stereotypes, women are unfortunately just as susceptible to ulcers as men, and stress and diet aren’t the only factors that can lead to an ulcer.
Ulcers are caused when the mucus membrane lining the esophagus, stomach or upper intestine becomes compromised. In order to break down food, the stomach is filled with highly acidic gastric juices. The mucus membrane normally protects the organs, but if the amount of acid in the stomach increases or the mucus membrane weakens, ulcers, commonly known as peptic ulcers, can occur.
Peptic ulcers can be caused by a number of factors. Stress increases the stomach’s output of acid, which can erode the stomach’s lining. Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), a type of pain killer, can also increase acid production, and it’s well known that a diet of spicy and citric foods can result in ulcers. Some factors are outside of lifestyle changes, however. Many peptic ulcers are caused by a bacterial infection known as Helicobacter pylori.
Although the abdominal pain resulting from an ulcer will likely deter your appetite, one of the best roads to recovery is with a healthy diet in small portions. These five foods will set you on the right track!
1. Leafy greens (and cabbage!) contain high amounts of vitamin K, which can help heal damage done by ulcers. Vitamin K speeds up the healing process and aids in blood clotting. Eat several servings of vitamin K-rich foods daily.
2. Chamomile tea works two-fold to fight ulcers. First, chamomile is a soothing herb, helping to induce calm and relieve stress. Second, chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties that can help speed up the healing process and fight the H. pylori bacteria. Drink up to four cups of chamomile tea a day.
3. Probiotics help restore the balance of bacteria in the body, making them useful for fighting off the H. pylori bacteria that commonly causes ulcers. Probiotics also aid digestion, which can be helpful in bringing the stomach’s juices under control. Take a supplement with at least 4 billion active cultures twice daily, or eat probitoic-rich foods such as yogurt.
4. Aloe vera, known for its soothing properties, can help heal damaged mucus linings. Aloe’s antibacterial properties also make it useful for fighting off the H. pylori bacteria. Drink ¼ cup of aloe vera juice three time daily.
5. Oats and whole grains contain soluble fiber and zinc, which promotes tissue repair and can help heal ulcers.
Images (top to bottom): Photo By this lyre lark/Courtesy Flickr; Photo By Nick Saltmarsh/Courtesy Flickr
Susan Melgren is the Web Editor of Mother Earth Living. Find her on Google+.
What Causes Stomach Ulcers? Don’t Assume Spicy Foods Are to Blame
For decades, spicy foods were blamed for painful stomach ulcers. People doubled over in pain were advised to cut back on fiery foods.
In the 1980s, however, that theory was debunked, as was the thought that stress causes ulcers. Matthew Bechtold, MD, a gastroenterologist at MU Health Care, said the primary causes of ulcers are a bacterium known as Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Matthew Bechtold, MD
H. pylori spreads through contaminated food and water or unsanitary conditions. It can cause ulcers by growing in the lining of the stomach, producing inflammation and causing the stomach and intestinal lining to be more easily damaged by stomach acid.
NSAIDs that can lead to ulcers include popular over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen. They can irritate the stomach’s lining and may interfere with chemicals that help regulate the protective lining.
Ulcers caused by NSAIDs can be prevented by reducing or eliminating use of the drugs. Your doctor may also prescribe a daily medicine, such as Prilosec, Pepcid or Cytotec.
Even though the beliefs about what caused ulcers were disabused more than 30 years ago, Bechtold said to this day many patients don’t know that spicy foods are not harmful.
“They tend to blame the spicy foods for their issues,” he said.
A study on capsaicin — the ingredient responsible for spiciness in peppers — showed it might even be good for the stomach.
“Capsaicin actually stimulated the stomach to produce protective mechanisms against ulcers,” Bechtold said.
He added there is also no evidence spicy foods hurt already formed ulcers. If, however, spicy food causes you abdominal discomfort, turn down the heat on your diet.
“If eating a certain food, whether it is spicy or not, induces indigestion, you may want to avoid that food,” Bechtold said.
When is it time to seek treatment for a possible ulcer? People whose symptoms include severe stomach pain, fever, bloody stools, nausea and vomiting should see a doctor.
The Best Foods for an Ulcer (and the foods to avoid).
There are so many different tools you can use in healing an ulcer, but food is the most important one. While supplements and medications can help calm acid reflux, you can adjust your diet so that the ulcer isn’t irritated in the first place. Given enough time, you may even be able to eliminate the ulcer altogether. The best foods for an ulcer is important to know so you can get from hurting to healing as quickly as possible.
While there are some foods that can help with an ulcer, this post will also cover the foods to avoid if you have an ulcer. What you do eat is just as important as what you don’t eat. Food sensitivities and/or allergies can be harmful to the digestive tract and trigger an ulcer causing painful acid reflux. It’s for this reason that a lot of people who have ulcers have success with the certain elimination diets. If you are having ongoing digestive issues, I always recommend writing a food journal as well as starting an elimination diet to help you rule out any sensitive foods. This list is also a great place to start.
Foods to Eat If You Have an Ulcer
Boiled potatoes are not a glamorous food by any means, but they are usually affordable and a great source of energy. This is important because you may be restricting a lot of your typical foods while working to heal your ulcer. Boiled potatoes offer an option that’s filling, accessible, and gentle on the digestive tract. Avoid adding too many seasonings while you figure out your trigger foods, but feel free to top with a squeeze of lemon for some additional flavour.
Berries are high in antioxidants and vitamin C, both of which are immuno-supportive nutrients. Having a healthy immune system is important when healing an ulcer. Antioxidants are also cancer-protective, and since long-term ulcer issues can result in stomach cancer it doesn’t hurt to be proactive. Consider having berries as a snack or having frozen blueberries and plain yogurt for dessert.
While darker meats take a long time make their way through the stomach and onto the rest of the digestive tract, fish is a protein source that is very easy to digest. Fish is also high in omega 3 fatty acids which assist in the production of prostaglandins, a hormone-like substance that can help protect the stomach lining. Salmon, cod, mackerel, and trout are all options particularly high in omega 3’s.
If you’re looking to pair something with your fish, broccoli is your best bet. While broccoli is great nutritionally for so many reasons, there is a specific component that can help if you have an ulcer. Broccoli contains sulforaphane, which is a compound that has anti-H. pylori activity. Since the bacteria H. pylori is one of the greatest causes of peptic ulcers, this food may help reduce the bacteria and help heal the ulcer as a result. Adding a little salt is okay, but flavouring with a squeeze of citrus is your best option.
Foods to Avoid If You Have an Ulcer
I know coffee is more of a beverage, but I always feel that coffee important to touch on. Most people are very resistant to giving this one up. Still, if you have an ulcer, you should avoid coffee, if even just temporarily. Coffee is a known trigger for ulcers. I understand how difficult it can be to give up coffee, especially for those of us who are used to having 2 or 3 cups per day. Think of giving up coffee (again, even temporarily) as an investment in your long-term health. With commitment and a proper ulcer healing strategy, you may be able to reintroduce coffee again soon.
Highly Processed Foods
Highly processed foods (frozen pizza, fast foods, canned soup) are often high in both fat and salt. There is evidence to support that individuals with an h. pylori infection (the most common cause of peptic ulcers) who consume high salt and high fat are at a higher risk for stomach cancer. I don’t recommend giving up all of your favourite foods, but rather recreating your own healthy versions at home. Have a homemade pizza night and avoid adding processed meats, or bake your own french fries in the oven so you can control the amount of salt being added.
Chocolate is a common trigger for ulcers. While the exact cause for this isn’t known, scientists believe that it may be the components of theobromine (a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant) and caffeine in chocolate that contribute to this. It’s also possible that the surge of serotonin from eating chocolate relaxes the esophageal sphincter, which worsens reflux by allowing the gastric contents to rise. Like coffee, you may not need to give up chocolate forever. However, giving it up while you heal can only help the process.
Not every person with an ulcer will need to follow the FODMAP diet, however I highly recommend it for those with an ulcer and other stubborn symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. FODMAPS stands for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols. The FODMAP diet is a restrictive diet that removes these specific types of sugars. In some people, these sugars can irritate the digestive tract, cause uncomfortable symptoms, worsen small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), and trigger acid reflux flare-ups. If you are having difficulty pin-pointing trigger foods and feel like you’re at the end of your resources, consider this diet.
It’s important that you feel empowered on your ulcer healing journey. While battling digestive issues can be difficult both mentally and physically, there are tools you can use to start the healing process today. To learn more about my personal healing journey, click here.
Wishing you had a step-by-step guide to help you heal your ulcer? Get the 5 Step Ulcer Healing Guide so you can get back to the food and lifestyle you love.
What foods should you eat and avoid if you have stomach ulcers?
Deciding what to eat is difficult enough as it is. Imagine how much more difficult it would be if you had a stomach condition that prevents you from eating the foods you like!
For those of you who have stomach ulcers, choosing what foods to eat can be tricky. We totally get you. So we came up with a list of foods that can serve as your guide on what you should eat and avoid if you’re suffering from stomach ulcers.
Stomach ulcers occur when the mucous lining of your stomach gets damaged either by the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria or by regularly taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as painkillers. Below are foods that will aid in the protection and repair of your stomach lining and help increase good bacteria which will counter the H. pylori.
1. Fruits and vegetables
Fruits like apples, berries and grapes are rich in fibre and polyphenols that contain antioxidants. Fibre helps reduce stomach acidity and relieve bloating and pain, while antioxidants fight off free radicals that cause cell damage. Citrus fruits and juices are packed with vitamin C that facilitates wound-healing, but check to see if you experience acid reflux from these. If you do, then leave them out of your diet.
Most leafy greens and vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower are high in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that promote good health and healing. They also lessen the acidity of your stomach. However, eating them raw may cause difficulty in digestion so try steaming or boiling your vegetables before you consume them.
2. Low-fat protein
Protein is essential for muscle repair and infection prevention that will aid in the healing process of your ulcers. You can get protein from both plants and animals. Soy products like tofu and tempeh, as well as peas and dry beans are good sources of plant protein, while lean meat like beef sirloin and tenderloin, skinless poultry, eggs and fish provide low-fat animal protein.
3. Fish and seafood
Most cold-water fish like salmon, mackerel, sardines, herring and tuna, as well as seafood like oysters are high in omega-3 fatty acids that reduce inflammation and help prevent more ulcers by lessening the damaging effects of gastritis.
4. Fermented products
Yoghurt, kefir, kombucha, kimchi and sauerkraut are examples of fermented foods containing good bacteria called probiotics that help fight against the H. pylori bacteria. Probiotics also inhibit the formation of lesions in the gastric mucosa and promote the restoration of your stomach lining.
5. Whole grains
Whole grains like cereals, oats, whole-wheat bread, brown rice, and millet are rich in fibre that helps decrease gastric acidity. These foods do not cause any negative reaction in individuals with stomach ulcers and are also loaded with micronutrients such as iron, magnesium, selenium and B vitamins that contribute to your overall health.
Ulcer symptom triggers
Now here’s a list of foods you should consume in small amounts or altogether eliminate from your diet as they have a tendency to trigger symptoms of your stomach ulcers.
Too much alcohol intake will cause stomach inflammation that can lead to the erosion of your gastric lining. It can also delay cell regeneration and further damage your gastrointestinal tract. Avoid drinking hard liquor and limit your wine and beer consumption.
Foods that contain caffeine such as coffee, tea, caffeinated sodas and even some chocolates can increase the production of gastric juice in your stomach and trigger symptoms of acid reflux. These digestive reactions can further aggravate your stomach ulcers.
In the past, milk was recommended as a treatment for ulcers. It was later on discovered that, while milk temporarily soothes stomach pains, it also causes the production of more stomach acids, which eventually results in the irritation of your gastric mucosa and the worsening of your ulcers.
4. Foods high in fat
Fatty foods can alter the composition of your stomach lining and make it more susceptible to the H. pylori bacteria. They can also stimulate the increased production of digestive juices and trigger acid reflux, which can worsen your ulcers.
5. Spicy and salty foods
While spicy foods don’t cause ulcers, they could irritate your stomach lining. Some people with stomach ulcers may be able to tolerate a little spiciness in their foods, but if “hot” stuff makes your tummy hurt and triggers symptoms of your condition, you might have to hold off on dishes, sauces, dressings and condiments that contain ingredients like red chili peppers, horseradish, peppercorn or jalapeño.
Foods with high salt content are not friends of your tummy either. Studies show that large amounts of salt in your stomach causes the H. pylori bacteria to become more active and attack the lining of your digestive tract.
Having the stomach for a healthy and happy life
Being diagnosed with stomach ulcers is a kick in the guts. Literally. But this condition shouldn’t stop you from living a full and healthy life. Here are some tips to help you keep your stomach happy while you are addressing your stomach ulcers.
- Practise good eating habits. Be conscious of how much you eat, when you eat, what you do after you eat, and how you prepare your food.
- Eat five to six small meals spread evenly throughout the day instead of three large ones. This way, your stomach will produce less acid each time you eat as there is less food to digest.
- Schedule your last meal of the day two to three hours before you sleep. Avoid lying down or engaging in strenuous physical activities for a few hours after eating to prevent acid reflux and ensure better digestion.
- Adopt healthier ways of preparing and cooking your meals. Try steaming, roasting, or grilling your food instead of frying them in oil or butter. These healthier cooking methods help reduce the fats in your food and make them easier for your stomach to digest.
Let Us Help You Manage Your Stomach Ulcers
Our team of accredited dietitians and nutritionists have years of experience in successfully helping individuals manage their gut and bowel disorders through personalised dietary programs. Call us at (07) 3071 7405 to book an appointment with any of our qualified dietitians and nutritionists.
Vegetables for ulcers
For ulcers, the safest are bananas, soft apples and pears, cabbage and carrots.
Buy vegetables and fruits for ulcers of the highest quality – a prerequisite for proper dietary nutrition. Especially if the diet is prescribed for peptic ulcer disease. After all, the well-being of a person suffering from this complex recurrent disease directly depends on what was eaten at breakfast, lunch or dinner. However, such dogmas do not mean that the imposed restrictions will be so dire.
Peptic ulcer is a good reason to carefully monitor your diet, but not a sentence. Doctors admit the use of many delicious vegetables and fruits, but you need to choose them wisely. And necessarily the freshest and ripe fruits.
You can buy vegetables and fruits with an ulcer like this:
Vegetables should be cooked before use, fruits – finely chopped, grated or chopped in another way. And of course, don’t be afraid to mix up your purchased fresh produce, trying new recipes and coming up with exciting new dishes.This approach will allow you to avoid monotony in medical nutrition, and will make food more appetizing.
Why is it necessary to buy high-quality fruits and vegetables in case of an ulcer?
All products of plant origin contain a large amount of ballast substances (fiber and pectin substances), which are not directly absorbed by the body, and pass through the digestive tract “in transit”. Once in the stomach, they have a pronounced enveloping effect, protecting the mucous membrane from the effects of poisons and toxins, softening inflammation and normalizing the microflora.
Where to buy fresh vegetables and fruits?
You can buy quality vegetables and fruits for ulcers in reliable grocery stores. But in order to maximize the benefits of their use, you should choose only trusted and conscientious manufacturers. In order to buy inexpensive fruits and vegetables in Moscow that are appropriate for dietary nutrition, you do not have to go to stores and spend time tracking profitable promotional offers and discounts. You can order products much more conveniently: in the online store with home delivery by courier.
The “Apricot” online grocery store takes care of the health of its customers. Therefore, there is always a large assortment of fresh fruits and vegetables on the shelves, among which you will surely find many tasty and healthy products that are approved for use in case of ulcers.
Diet for stomach ulcers. Menu for the week | Notes of an endoscopist
In case of a disease of the digestive organs, a diet is first of all prescribed. This is a very effective treatment. And you can’t neglect it at all.At the same time, it is worth knowing that a new diet is your new lifestyle, which must always be adhered to. After all, a return to the usual diet will again lead to problems with the digestive organs. But as a punishment, the new diet should not be taken. You can always find food that suits your taste needs, but on the other hand, is safe for the stomach.
Stomach ulcer is a serious illness. With such a disease, internal bleeding can open and even develop cancer.The main reason for the appearance of an ulcer is considered to be a violation of the protective properties of the gastric mucosa. Modern medicine considers. that the vital activity of the microorganism Helicobacter pylori underlies this disorder. The provoking factors can be poor quality food, namely heavy, spicy, too fatty food, frequent consumption of fast food and other harmful factors, such as stress, taking certain medications, endocrine diseases.
Stomach ulcer symptoms:
- Pain in the stomach, discomfort.Especially after eating.
- Heartburn, belching.
- Severity, nausea.
If the disease is confirmed, the doctor prescribes medication, most often antibiotics and drugs that inhibit the secretion of stomach acid. A diet is always prescribed for such a disease. Without proper nutrition, this disease is practically impossible to cope with.
If the patient has an acute ulcer or other concomitant health problems, the doctor will adjust the treatment.
What is forbidden to eat during a diet for stomach ulcers
People with this disease should not eat foods that can increase the production of gastric juice, increase acidity or overload the digestive organs. Junk food must be avoided. These include fatty foods, fried, smoked and very salty.
These foods should be excluded from your diet for ulcers:
- spices and herbs;
- fast food;
- strong tea and coffee;
- citrus fruits;
What you can eat during a diet for stomach ulcers
Foods that can be eaten by people with these diseases are quite varied.Almost anything can be eaten, except for those that cause gas. It is better to cook them in the oven or simmer. You can come up with many different dishes with potatoes, for example, make mashed potatoes, cook soup, make a casserole. Lean meat and dietary fish are good for steaming, or stewing or baking. You can diversify your menu with steamed cutlets from low-fat minced meat.
From drinks, compotes, jelly, rosehip decoctions, weak tea, ordinary water are suitable.
The temperature of the drinks must be carefully monitored; drinks that are too cold or too hot must not be consumed.
To pamper yourself with desserts, you can create a variety of cottage cheese casseroles and add fruit to them. Sometimes you can afford a little marshmallow or marshmallow, or a couple of slices of good chocolate. But not during an exacerbation. You need to be careful in using baking, fresh in no case, puff, too. Better to choose an unflavored croutons or dry biscuits.
Diet in the period of exacerbation
If complications arise or an exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease occurs, the diet should be followed strictly.You need to eat often (6-7 times), portions of the size of a fist. Foods that can negatively affect the digestive organs should be avoided. Food should be finely chopped, or mashed, it is imperative to observe a comfortable temperature of food. At the same time, prolonged fasting with this disease also has a harmful effect on the diseased organ.
If you follow all the nutritional rules for such a disease, then a significant improvement will come in a week. After that, you need to contact your doctor and adjust the medication intake and expand the menu.
Menu for a week with stomach ulcer
This diet can be followed after the acute stage of this disease, because the list of permitted foods is longer here.
- Breakfast: semolina porridge cooked in water or milk, cookies, but not butter, you can biscuit, weak tea
- Snack: low-fat cottage cheese cooked with sugar and berries
- Lunch: Soup cooked in vegetable broth, you can add boiled chicken or lean fish.Baked vegetables, such as zucchini with carrots, with cod cooked in foil and in the oven, currant jelly
- Snack: decoction made from rose hips, croutons, only uncomfortable
- Dinner: Mashed potatoes with steamed chicken cutlets, apple compote
- Late dinner: kefir
- Breakfast: oatmeal porridge in water or low-fat milk, you can add a little butter. Banana, herbal tea.
- Snack: baked apple in the oven, add a little honey.
- Lunch: squash soup in the form of mashed potatoes, boiled buckwheat with minced chicken meatballs, stewed in a pan, berry jelly
- Snack: cottage cheese cooked with sugar and sliced banana slices, rosehip broth.
- Dinner: stewed vegetables such as potatoes, zucchini, carrots, onions with cod baked in the oven with sour cream sauce, weak tea.
- Late Dinner: Yogurt.
- Breakfast: low-fat cottage cheese pancakes, applesauce, weak tea from drinks.
- Snack: Fruit salad with yoghurt.
- Lunch: homemade noodle soup cooked in vegetable broth with finely chopped chicken fillet, mashed potatoes and steamed fish cakes.
- Snack: crackers and rosehip decoction.
- Dinner: chicken breast baked in foil, baked carrots, berry jelly.
- Late supper: fermented baked milk.
- Breakfast: cottage cheese casserole, boiled egg, weak tea.
- Snack: baked apple with honey.
- Lunch: vegetable puree soup, baked potatoes with boiled lean beef.
- Snack: marshmallow with weak tea.
- Dinner: marrow stew with chicken cutlets, berry compote.
- Late supper: kefir.
- Breakfast: scrambled eggs, marshmallow, rosehip decoction.
- Snack: cottage cheese with banana.
- Lunch: pumpkin puree soup, pasta with homemade chicken sausages, weak tea.
- Snack: sweet apple, crouton.
- Dinner: mashed potatoes with duck breast.
- Late Dinner: Yogurt.
- Breakfast: semolina with apple with the addition of butter, dry biscuits, rosehip decoction.
- Snack: curd casserole.
- Lunch: noodle soup with chicken fillet, stewed vegetables, turkey meatballs.
- Snack: charlotte with apples, weak tea.
- Dinner: boiled rice with boiled pollock, weak tea.
- Late supper: fermented baked milk.
- Breakfast: rice porridge with pumpkin, croutons, compote.
- Snack: baked apple.
- Lunch: squash soup, beef stew with vegetables, apple compote.
- Snack: cottage cheese with banana.
- Dinner: steamed fish cakes with boiled potatoes, jelly.
- Late supper: kefir.
How to avoid exacerbation of stomach ulcers
Of course, it is impossible to foresee everything, it is very difficult to get rid of such factors as stress.But you can always monitor your diet and protect your stomach from injury from aggressive food. And it is worth remembering that such a diet should always be adhered to, even if you have long forgotten about the pain symptoms, since a weak spot in the body has been identified, which can suffer from unfavorable factors.
In spring and autumn, it is worth taking special vitamins and medications that control hydrochloric acid, this is necessary to prevent relapse.
You need to change your lifestyle, forget about bad habits and eat right, then the risk of exacerbation will be minimized.
list of products, menus and recipes
It’s no secret that in case of various diseases, properly selected food can become a real medicine or at least a means of maintaining the state of the body in a normal state. Adhering to the correct diet for stomach ulcers, you can significantly improve the condition of the body and facilitate the work of the digestive system, which passes with difficulty during the course of the disease.
So, what foods are desirable to eat during the course of the illness and what is strictly forbidden to eat? Consider this and some delicious recipes that are great for people with stomach ulcers.
What is an ulcer
Stomach ulcers are small defects that form on the mucous membrane covering the walls of the stomach or duodenum. It can only be found during a medical examination. As practice shows, the size of the damage can be different: from barely noticeable (about two millimeters) to huge (about a centimeter). After successful treatment, this formation turns into a scar that remains forever. Scientists’ studies show that among the entire population, people with the first blood group are the most vulnerable to such a disease.
What are the main causes of ulceration? As a rule, these include unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, and smoking. The integrity of the gastric mucosa is also disturbed by the influence of rough and poorly chewed food, as well as spicy foods.
When observing a stomach ulcer in a person, diet and treatment are mandatory.So, let us consider some of the features that must be observed in the process of eating food for all ulcers.
General features of the diet
Specialists in the field of gastroenterology, who determine stomach ulcers in their patients, prescribe them a diet, which in the field of medicine is called “Diet No. 1”. In fact, it is an ordinary food, but all food must be steamed or in water. In addition, she must necessarily be in a frayed form.Food should be natural, without chemical additives and other irritants. The appointment of such a diet is possible only when there is a rehabilitation process after the course of the disease or when the size of the ulcer is small.
In the process of maintaining a diet, the patient must definitely exclude hot and salty food from his diet, and it is also not recommended to eat too cold food. The process of eating should be done at least 5-6 times a day, it is advisable to consume a small amount of milk before going to bed.
There are also two additional varieties of this type of diet: “a” and “b”. As a rule, they are prescribed when there is an exacerbation of the disease. A diet with an exacerbation of a stomach ulcer implies the use of exclusively grated dishes, meat soufflé, semolina porridge, as well as many healthy foods saturated with a large amount of protein and vitamins. The use of side dishes made from vegetables is not recommended, and stale bread is strictly prohibited.More on this in the video.
Principles of the diet
Before composing a diet menu for stomach ulcers, you should clearly define the understanding of its basic principles. First of all, one must be aware that all foods that are used for food should not injure the walls of the stomach, so each of them should be very well grated. In addition, one must understand that all the ingredients that make up the dishes should be not only light, but also rich in vitamins and useful components, which a weakened body needs in a special measure.The daily energy requirement should not be less than 3200 kcal.
The menu must also include a large number of healthy drinks – about 1.5 liters per day.
Permitted list of products
A diet for stomach ulcers provides for a clear restriction of the patient in the choice of food for cooking. Experts in the field of gastroenterology recommend eating more food that has a higher level of protein. Practice shows that low-fat meat (chicken, rabbit, turkey) and grated legumes are perfect for this.Also, during the course of the disease, it is recommended to eat dairy products.
Experts in the field of stomach health advise to use in food also foods that contain a considerable amount of vitamins. Among them are fruits and berries, but among them you should choose only those that are not characterized by increased acidity.
There is a certain list of ready-made meals, which diet for stomach ulcers allows you to use. These include:
- fat-free soups made from vegetable broth;
- milk omelets;
- steamed cutlets with specially minced meat;
- rice soups;
- vegetable purees;
- fish and meat pates;
As for drinks, jelly and juice squeezed from non-acidic fruits and vegetables are especially good for patients with stomach ulcers. It is strictly forbidden to eat dry food during an exacerbation of the disease, therefore drinks in the diet must be present.
Specialists in the field of gastroenterology identify several medicinal products that must be included in the diet when treating stomach and intestinal ulcers with a diet. These include cabbage, as well as honey, which is famous for its regenerating abilities.Milk also has healing properties in the course of stomach diseases.
As practice shows, it is relatively easy to follow a diet for stomach ulcers at home. To maintain it, you just need to be able to select the permitted foods for yourself and cook them in the right way. However, there is a certain list of products that are strictly prohibited for use by patients with an ulcer. These primarily include spicy and too salty ingredients and dishes.During the course of the disease, alcoholic beverages should also be completely excluded.
What foods are strictly prohibited for stomach ulcers? First of all, these include various kinds of spices – all of them are capable of irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, which only aggravates the course of the disease. In addition, it is imperative to completely exclude all sauces, ketchups and, of course, mayonnaise. In the process of exacerbation of the disease, it is forbidden to eat marinades, as well as pickles prepared on their basis.
As for individual products, it is imperative to exclude onions, garlic and hot peppers from the diet. The ban also applies to lard, strong tea and coffee, as well as desserts, which have a high sugar content. The use of mushrooms prepared in various ways, as well as citrus fruits, is prohibited, since these products also irritate the gastric mucosa.
For those on a diet with stomach ulcers, doctors do not recommend drinking carbonated drinks, as well as eating raw fruits.In addition, smoked meats and fried foods are strictly prohibited.
What to eat in order not to starve
Diet for stomach ulcers (it is better to prepare a menu for a week in advance) provides for strict adherence to the diet. In particular, food intake should be carried out several times a day, eating food in small portions. The doctors’ recommendations also state that all meals to be absorbed should be simple and light. So, let’s consider an approximate menu option for stomach ulcers.The diet presented in it is distinguished not only by its simplicity, but also by its variety.
On Monday you can eat any porridge cooked in milk. It must be mucous – only in this case, the dish will be easily absorbed by a sick stomach, gently enveloping its walls. For breakfast, you can also have tea with a small slice of bread spread with butter. On Monday, it is also good to drink a decoction made from dried rose hips, as well as eat baked fruits (without the formation of a crust).
Lunch for the ulcer should be quite dense and nutritious. It is at this time that you can eat noodle soup cooked in chicken broth, as well as vegetable puree. In the evening, you can eat pumpkin casserole and drink a glass of jelly. Before bedtime, to maintain normal stomach function, it is recommended to eat a glass of flax seeds.
You can start Tuesday with a cup of warm milk, to which a small amount of tea has been added for variety. At breakfast it is recommended to eat a simple omelet and dry biscuits.Closer to dinner, the patient can be offered vegetable puree soup, to which it is recommended to add a piece of low-fat boiled meat. Also, at this time, compote and fruit jelly made from natural ingredients are perfect. In the evening, it is recommended to eat semolina and drink a glass of still mineral water.
Wednesday is a day to begin with drinking a soothing herbal tea (ideally linden tea). For breakfast on this day, you can eat a raw egg with a bite with white bread, spread with a piece of butter.Also for such a case, fat-free cottage cheese, dry biscuits and fruits with a low acid content in the composition are suitable. For lunch, it is recommended to eat steamed fish combined with vegetable puree. Closer to dinner, you should use boiled beets, grated with prunes. Before going to bed, be sure to drink a glass of warm milk.
You can start Thursday by eating dumplings with a low-fat and thoroughly ground filling, since diet and nutrition for stomach ulcers are quite strict concepts that involve eating food in a well-grated form.You can combine the dish with a glass of warm milk or a cup of weak tea. For lunch, you can serve baked vegetables (without a crust), porridge, and meat pâté. At this time, cooked vegetable puree soup, as well as oatmeal jelly, are excellent. In the evening, it is recommended to eat semolina porridge and wash it down with rosehip-based jelly.
On Friday, the patient can cook an omelet with jelly for breakfast, and closer to dinner, pamper him with boiled low-fat meat served with mashed porridge.For sweets, you can serve warm fruit casserole and curd mass. In the evening, be sure to drink a glass of low-fat yogurt (you can use fruit additives).
Saturday is a day that it is advisable to start with a fresh and warm casserole made from noodles. It can be made with the addition of pureed vegetables or cottage cheese. You can serve jelly as a drink. For lunch, light and sweet fruits, served with a little fat-free cottage cheese and warm milk, can serve as an excellent dish.In order to diversify the diet, at this time you can also serve steamed cutlets with porridge, if desired, this should be done in the evening.
In order for the diet for stomach ulcers to be not only useful, but also tasty, you should start Sunday by serving pâté in combination with mashed potatoes and jelly. During lunch, the patient can be pampered with a vegetable stew, which should be prepared by baking in the oven (without a crust) or in a slow cooker. After dinner, you can eat barley soup cooked in fat-free poultry broth, as well as semolina with a little jam and tea.Drinking a soothing chamomile tea is recommended before going to bed.
Consider a recipe from the diet menu for stomach ulcers, which can be easily used in practice. To prepare the soufflé, you need to take half of the chicken breast, boil it, cool it and grind it thoroughly with a blender. After that, egg yolk and a tablespoon of sour cream should be added to the puree, the ingredients should be salt to a minimum.
In a separate bowl, beat the egg white and add it very slowly to the mixture.After that, the ingredients must be thoroughly but gently mixed until smooth. The soufflé is ready.
Cooking rice porridge for a stomach ulcer diet according to the recipe proposed here is a fairly simple process that even a novice housewife can handle. It should start by rinsing a couple of tablespoons of rice grits. After this procedure, it must be poured with a glass of purified water and cooked over low heat until tender. After the cereal is ready, it should be grated using a sieve, and then filled with a preheated glass of milk.Add a teaspoon of butter to the resulting mass, as well as a pinch of salt and sugar. After that, the ingredients must be put back on the stove and, bringing to a boil, removed from heat. After cooling, the porridge can be served.
Berry cake is a dessert, the use of which is very often provided for diets with stomach ulcers. To prepare it, you need to take half a glass of raspberries, wash it and rub it thoroughly through a sieve. Add half a tablespoon of sugar to the berries.In this composition, the ingredients must be put on fire and cooked until they turn into a thick mass. When this happens, it must be removed from the heat and set aside for a while.
While the berries are cooling, you need to start preparing the egg mass. To do this, take three proteins and beat them thoroughly until a thick foam forms. It should be introduced into the cooled mass and, after thorough mixing, the resulting mixture, laid out in tins, is sent to the oven for baking for 10 minutes (at a temperature of 200 degrees).
Sometimes, with an exacerbation of stomach ulcers, the diet includes the inclusion in the diet of dishes prepared from grated fish.
To prepare such a pudding, take 50 g of seafood fillet and boil it. As soon as the fish is ready, you need to cool the piece and grind it thoroughly with a blender. To it you also need to add half a piece of bread pre-soaked in milk and beat again.
Another 50 g of fresh fish fillets should also be chopped with a blender, and then a pinch of salt, a couple of egg yolks and a teaspoon of butter should be added to the mass.Lightly salting, the mass must be kneaded until smooth. Two proteins whipped with a mixer should be added to the indicated ingredients, after which both masses should be combined, kneaded and steamed.
How should you eat and what you can eat?
Problems with the gastrointestinal tract fundamentally change human eating behavior. And this is understandable, because experiencing acute pain, tingling, hot burning, heaviness, tightness in the stomach or constant heartburn, you can not only refuse your favorite foods, but also completely lose your appetite.However, a food boycott can hurt the patient even more. Therefore, a clear understanding of how to eat with stomach ulcers will help relieve the acute symptoms of the disease and again feel the joy of life. Today we will consider in detail what should be the diet for stomach ulcers.
Diet for stomach ulcers is the most important area of therapy
Nutrition, of course, has a significant effect on our health. A well-formulated diet can speed up ulcer healing and prevent the development of complications.Therefore, everyone who is faced with a similar disease needs to know how to eat properly with stomach ulcers. Of course, diet does not replace treatment, but without dietary nutrition, drug therapy will not be effective.
With an ulcer, the integrity of the mucous membrane is disturbed, therefore digestion, accompanied by the secretion of hydrochloric acid, causes a lot of painful sensations. What diet for stomach ulcers will help relieve symptoms and speed up healing?
The main purpose of nutrition is to promote the early closure of the ulcer.However, this process is long, and if, with the first signs of relief, the patient returns to products that provoke the progress of the disease, then the ulcer will not be long in coming. To prevent this from happening, the diet should become a way of life for several months, or even years.
How to eat with stomach ulcers
What you don’t need to do is starve, because then the acid begins to corrode the walls of the stomach even more, which only aggravates the course of the disease. Therefore, it is imperative to adhere to the diet prescribed by the gastroenterologist, avoiding hunger and discomfort.
What to eat for stomach ulcers? The axioms can be summarized as follows:
- Food should not irritate the mucous membranes and increase the acidity of gastric juice.
- You should consume only easily digestible food in a liquid, mashed, chopped form, chewing it slowly.
- Hot and cold food is prohibited because it interferes with enzyme formation and slows down the recovery of the mucous membrane. The best temperature is between 26 and 33 degrees.
- You need to eat in small portions with breaks of no more than 3 hours.The regularity of food is determined by the severity of the condition and ranges from 5 to 8 times a day.
- Drinking regime – from 1.5 to 2 liters per day.
This is interesting
The first medical diet for stomach ulcer patients was developed by Mikhail Pevzner, the founder of clinical gastroenterology and dietetics.
It has been proven that the diet directly affects the nature of the course of the disease. Therefore, strict adherence to the recommendations of a nutritionist is the key to recovery.The diet for people with stomach ulcers is called “table number 1”. Let’s take a look at the basics of this diet.
Table number 1 – diet for exacerbation of stomach ulcers
So, the most important question – what can you eat with stomach ulcers? The medical diet accompanies the pharmacological treatment of ulcers during subsiding exacerbation and remission and lasts from 6 months to a year. The diet aims to minimize the mechanical, chemical and thermal stress on the damaged stomach. Food should activate regeneration and healing of injuries, reduce inflammation, improve secretion and gastric motility.This is a high-calorie food – about 3000 kcal per day.
Therapeutic diet for stomach ulcers involves boiling, baking and steaming all permitted foods. Meat and fish must be completely free of skin, bones, cartilage, veins, tendons and fat. When cooking meat, you need to change the boiled water twice in order to minimize the concentration of animal fat.
Protein food is useful: lean meat of rabbit, turkey, chicken, veal, beef, sea low-fat fish, soft-boiled eggs or scrambled eggs.It is necessary to enrich the diet with fats in the form of unsalted butter, and add vegetable oils only to ready-made dishes, not using them in the heat treatment process.
From carbohydrate foods, some vegetables are recommended (potatoes, beets, carrots, cauliflower, broccoli, pumpkin, zucchini), well-cooked cereals (oatmeal, semolina, rice, buckwheat), as well as various pasta, dried white bread, crackers , biscuits, unleavened biscuits.
From desserts, the diet includes mashed potatoes, mousses, jellies from soft, sweet berries and fruits, baked fruits, natural marshmallows, marshmallows, marmalade, jam and jam.Honey is recommended, which soothes pain and inflammation, helps neutralize acid.
It is useful to drink milk, which envelops the walls of the stomach and protects the mucous membrane. Dairy products should be included with care and made sure that they do not contain vegetable fats (for example, palm oil), which have a detrimental effect on digestion. Suppose? M low fat cottage cheese in the form of casseroles, acidophilus, fresh (!) Kefir, natural yogurt and sour cream, unleavened cheese.
Recommended drinking – decoctions of chamomile, rose hips, mint, weak tea, compotes, jelly, fruit drinks, diluted sweet juices, as well as water at room temperature.With the approval of a doctor, you can drink fresh cabbage juice, which has an antibacterial effect, normalizes the enzymatic processing of food, and promotes healing of damaged stomach walls.
The role of salt in diet No. 1 deserves special mention. The maximum allowable amount of salt is 6 grams per day. But the less it enters the body of a person suffering from a stomach ulcer, the better. It should be borne in mind that salt also enters the body with finished products, for example, it is present in large quantities in cheeses, including processed ones.
It is important to note that many products for ulcer patients are completely unacceptable for the reason that they irritate the mucous membranes, take a long time to digest and provoke bleeding. All fatty, spicy, salty, sour, smoked, fried and canned foods, sausages, offal, spices, ketchups, sauces and marinades are excluded. It is necessary to give up white cabbage, radish, radish, turnip, sour greens (sorrel, spinach), cucumbers, legumes, mushrooms, garlic, horseradish, mustard, onions.
Strong tea and coffee, citrus fruits, nuts, wholemeal bread, any baked goods, including homemade cakes, chocolate, ice cream, alcoholic and carbonated drinks, are also included in the prohibited list.
At different stages of the disease, different subspecies of table number 1 are used. What diet to follow for stomach ulcers depends on the patient’s well-being and the strength of the symptoms.
So, to alleviate a sharp exacerbation, a more strict diet is intended – table number 1a . It is prescribed during the period of intensive course of the disease, accompanied by acute pain and bed rest. The goal of the diet is a very delicate attitude to digestion and the maximum exclusion of any effect of food on the stomach.
What can you eat in case of exacerbation of a stomach ulcer and what is not? The diet for acute gastric ulcer assumes a fractional 6-7 meals a day, in very small portions, and a reduced energy value (up to 2010 kcal). All products that cause the secretion of gastric juice and irritate the mucous membranes are absolutely unacceptable. Salt consumption is significantly reduced. Food, boiled and steam, is served in a liquid or pureed state. Soups, mashed potatoes, liquid and slimy porridges, soufflés are widely used.
In addition to the main list of prohibited foods, bread in any form, dairy products, all vegetables and fruits are completely excluded from the diet No. 1a .
This diet is prescribed until the ulcer begins to heal. After that, the patient switches to diet No. 1sh , which means “sparing”, the purpose of which is not only to protect the mucous membrane, but also to speed up its recovery. The essence of the diet as a whole remains the same, only the list of acceptable products is expanding and the nature of cooking changes: from completely liquid, mashed food to the state of “small pieces”.
Energy value increases to 2500 kcal per day, the frequency of food intake is reduced to six meals a day.Dried white bread is allowed, as well as mashed potatoes or soufflés from potatoes, beets and carrots. Various mousses, jellies, jelly with milk, sweet fruits and juices, honey and sugar are introduced. Steamed dishes made from unleavened cottage cheese and egg white, sour cream, unleavened cheese, butter are allowed (see table).
Table. Basic dietary table options No. 1
Basic diet No. 1
Diet No. 1a
16 9040 Diet
Soft-boiled egg, semolina porridge and weak tea
Liquid semolina without salt, chamomile decoction
Buckwheat porridge, compote
Cottage cheese casserole and jelly
A glass of warm milk
Cottage cheese casserole, milk jelly
|, beef stew and fruit soup rose hips||
Oat slime soup true, steamed chicken soufflé, fruit jelly
Vegetable puree soup, steamed meatballs from veal with rice, berry juice
Steam omelet, compote
Protein steam omelet, weak tea
Chicken meatballs with vermicelli, rice compote
Steamed fish cakes with mashed potatoes, rosehip decoction
Milk cream, rosehip decoction
Glass of warm milk 9 0003
The third type of the first table – diet No. 1 l / f (lipotropic fatty).Compared to the basic diet, the amount of fat is increased and the presence of simple carbohydrates (sugar) is minimized. Diet No. 1 l / f has a normal energy value – up to 2600 kcal. The value of vegetable and milk fats is increasing (up to 50% of the total lipids). The diet is based on sources of fat and lipotropic products – low-fat sources of protein (lean meat and white fish, egg white).
Viscous cereals are prepared from cereals; from vegetable crops, preference is given to cauliflower, broccoli, potatoes and pumpkin.The cooking methods are the same as in the basic diet. Dishes can be mashed or in small pieces.
There is one more specific variety – diet No. 1p (wiped or surgical). It is used after operations performed on the stomach, for example, when an ulcer is perforated. Naturally, the immediate postoperative period in patients is difficult and the role of medical nutrition becomes more significant. This low-calorie diet (1650-1850 kcal) involves the use of only homogenized food from boiled or steamed ingredients. Only liquid and puree foods are allowed in small portions 8 times a day.
Many people are interested in the question: how much to diet with stomach ulcers? In fact, it is important to understand that eating behavior, even if the ulcer has healed and no longer bothers, should be gentle. In order not to provoke new exacerbations and complications such as bleeding, perforation or peritonitis. The established restrictions must be adhered to for a long time.
What can you eat after a stomach ulcer? Of course, you need a full, balanced diet, which will create conditions for the recovery and restoration of the functions of the digestive system affected by ulcers.The recommended energy value is up to 3200 kcal per day, while the food should contain carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the recommended proportions, and also be rich in vitamins B, C, A, K, zinc, magnesium, calcium and other chemical elements.
Drug therapy for diet
Modern scientists have come to the conclusion that one of the main causes of gastric ulcer is a bacterial infection. Scientists named the culprit Helicobacter pylori. The waste products of this bacterium destroy the gastric mucosa and provoke inflammation.Another reason is the body’s loss of its protective functions, which can manifest itself in the form of hormonal disruption or in the peculiarities of the functioning of the immune system. Also, an ulcer can be caused by a violation of the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
The basis for the treatment of stomach ulcers is drug therapy, which includes 5 main groups of drugs:
- Antisecretory drugs that reduce the production of hydrochloric acid . This group is represented by proton pump inhibitors (pumps) and histamine H2 receptor blockers.Antisecretory drugs are highly effective drugs that have an effect on reducing the production of gastric juice and the formation of the enzyme pepsin. Typically, these medications are used for 4 to 8 weeks. According to indications, anticholinergics (M1) can be used in additional therapy.
- Bismuth-based gastroprotectors with bactericidal activity . Gastroprotective agents are the latest pharmaceutical achievement designed to promote rapid healing of stomach ulcers. These drugs provide comprehensive treatment.They not only effectively relieve the unpleasant symptoms of the disease (heartburn, pain, bloating), but eliminate the very cause of the ulcer – Helicobacter pylori. Therefore, their role in the effective treatment of stomach ulcers can hardly be overestimated. The drugs form a protective layer, which for a long time protects the affected areas of the mucous membrane from the influence of aggressive factors.
In addition to the fact that bismuth-based drugs protect the mucous membrane from the influence of harmful substances, they also have anti-inflammatory and astringent effects, help to activate the regeneration of damaged cells of the stomach wall.
- Antiprotozoal drugs and antibiotics . Antibiotics prevent infection during periods of exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease, suppress viruses and pathogenic bacteria, including Helicobacter pylori, and improve overall health. The list of antibacterial drugs prescribed to patients with exacerbation of gastric ulcer includes penicillins, tetracyclines, macrolides, nitromidazole derivatives.
- Medicines that stimulate gastrointestinal motility .Prokinetics improve the motor functions of the stomach, facilitate the process of food digestion. These medications help relieve feelings of nausea, heartburn, and heaviness.
This is important
Stimulants of motility cannot be used as independent drugs for the treatment of ulcers, they only help to alleviate the patient’s condition without having any effect on the cause of the disease.
- Antacids – preparations for neutralizing gastric acid .The main treatment for peptic ulcer disease, as a rule, is supplemented by the appointment of antacids to eliminate heartburn. Antacids quickly reduce acidity and create a protective barrier, thereby protecting the mucous membrane. Anesthetics are often added to them – to relieve painful sensations. However, they do not cure the ulcer, but only relieve symptoms for a short time. The disadvantages include the fact that their reception will have to be done more and more often. Instead of antacids, which inherently replace baking soda, proton pump inhibitors should be used with little or no side effects.
It is more advisable to take inhibitors proactively, and not at the moment when heartburn has already developed, since these drugs do not act instantly.
To summarize, let us emphasize once again that dieting is very important for stomach ulcers. However, it is worth remembering that only an integrated approach that combines proper nutrition and competent drug therapy with the use of modern medicines with antibacterial activity, restoring mucous membranes and preventing relapse can become a guarantee of health.
90,000 Diet for the season. Preventing the fall exacerbation of ulcers | Proper nutrition | Health
Pay attention to dishes containing plant mucus
Mucous substances are secreted when boiling oatmeal, rice, barley, and flaxseed. They will replace the lack of natural mucus, which is typical for people suffering from stomach ulcers.
Start your day with Hercules Extra milk oatmeal. Add the wheatgrass flakes to the hot porridge.
Also add cereals to vegetable soups, then even pickle soup will not harm your stomach.
It is recommended to eat steamed flaxseed 2-3 times a week before breakfast: put a tablespoon of flaxseed in a thermos in the evening, pour boiling water over it, and in the morning eat a steamed jelly-like product – it is very healthy! You can add a little milk to it, but if you want to avoid extra pounds, do without sugar.
Add foods that bind excess acid to the menu
These are soft-boiled eggs, meat and fish dishes, milk.Cheeses (Adyghe, Suzdal and other soft cheeses), as well as processed cheese “light” serve perfectly for this purpose.
But unleavened cottage cheese is considered to be a real medicinal dish, which should be included in the menu 2-3 times a week in early autumn. Its recipe is simple: add half a liter of kefir to a liter of freshly boiled milk. After cooling, the cottage cheese is thrown onto a sieve or cheesecloth – and the cottage cheese is ready. Even better, instead of kefir, add fermented milk calcium, which can be purchased at the pharmacy: 1 teaspoon without top per liter of boiled milk.The curd obtained in this way not only reduces the acidity of the stomach, but also enriches the body with calcium, preventing the development of osteoporosis.
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Eliminate vegetables and fruits with coarse fiber
Zucchini, squash, zucchini, pumpkin – an excellent side dish for fish and meat dishes. Protein products, together with vegetables, are better absorbed, the cellular membranes of vegetables remove excess cholesterol contained in meat and especially in by-products.
But radish, radish, turnip, horseradish, wild garlic should be avoided. Raw onions and garlic should also be treated with extreme caution.
Apples should be chosen mainly of sweet varieties (such as golden). Good nectarines, sweet plums and peaches.
Avoid long breaks between meals
Try changing to 4-5 small meals a day. In the morning – a dessert plate of oatmeal, a soft-boiled egg and a cup of coffee with cream.For lunch, a fruit salad dressed with sweet yogurt, for lunch – half a bowl of cauliflower soup, a veal chop and half a glass of freshly squeezed carrot juice. For an afternoon snack – compote from fresh sweet berries or fruits. For dinner – boiled fatty fish with young potatoes (no more than 150/100 g), two-thirds of a glass of beef-ryazhenka. At night – a glass of hot or warm milk.
Protect yourself from stress on an empty stomach
Make sure that you always have a 200-gram package with long-term storage milk or non-acidic kefir and a box of white homemade crackers or crackers at your fingertips (even at work).Grab a snack before any exciting activity. No time to go to lunch – the same supplies will come to the rescue.
Stomach ulcer – Treatment and symptoms, signs, stages of the disease and recommendations
Symptoms and signs of stomach ulcers
Most symptoms of gastric ulcer in adults and children are similar, accompanied by periodic exacerbation and remission. During the period of exacerbation, the patient feels increasing pain in the epigastric region, and it can also give under the xiphoid process of the sternum.In some cases, localization of pain to the left of the white line is possible, as well as irradiation to the spine, left side of the chest, lower back and scapula.
Immediately after eating, acute pain symptoms may be observed, increasing within half an hour or an hour, then attenuation occurs. In rare cases, gastric ulcer pain is practically not felt or completely absent. You can eliminate pain syndrome with a hot heating pad or taking medications: antispasmodics, antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and others.
Causes of stomach ulcers
In the vast majority of cases, the cause of the manifestation of gastric ulcer is a heliobacter infection (H. pylori bacterium). An important role in the manifestation is played by a genetic predisposition – in more than 40% of patients, there are relatives with this pathology. Another important reason is the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
The emergence and exacerbation of gastric ulcer also provoke: HIV infection, cirrhosis of the liver, pathologies of the connective tissue, heart, lungs and stress conditions that catalyze dysfunction of the mucous membrane protection from aggressive factors, including: secreted hydrochloric acid, pepsin and bile acids.
Diagnosis of gastric ulcer
The classic and most effective method for the diagnosis of gastric ulcer is EGDS (esophagogastroduodenoscopy). This method allows the doctor to see the ulcer defect directly in the stomach, determine at what stage the disease is, and also determine its form: acute or chronic.
As additional diagnostic methods gastric ulcer in adults can be used: ultrasound of the OBP, antroduodenal manometry, diagnostic laparoscopy, radiography with single or double contrast, as well as tests for the determination of H.Pylori.
Differential diagnosis from a number of diseases plays an important role in making the correct diagnosis: stomach cancer, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and hyperparathyroidism.
Stomach ulcer: treatment
90,000 TOP-7 healthy foods for the stomach
The health of our stomach requires delicate handling and close attention. After all, there are many factors that disrupt the proper functioning of the stomach: stress, unhealthy diet, alcohol, smoking, medication.To prevent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, we suggest that you find out which foods have a beneficial effect on the work of this vital organ.
It is also important to remember that in no case should you self-medicate and you should definitely consult a doctor.
1. Oat bran
Oat bran does not contain fast carbohydrates, has a large amount of proteins and biological active components that provide the body with nutrients.The benefits of this product are that they:
– Reduce weight. With its help, you can control your appetite, since the bran quickly saturates the body and will not allow you to overeat.
– Slow down the absorption of sugar. This product is marketed as a product for diabetics because it stabilizes blood glucose levels.
– Reduce cholesterol levels. All thanks to the soluble fiber contained in the bran. When water combines with the shell, a mass is formed that envelops the walls of the stomach and intestines.Thus, less cholesterol enters the bloodstream.
But that’s not all: bran creates a protective layer on the surface of the gastric mucosa that prevents the penetration of bacteria, including Helicobacter pylori, and promotes the regeneration of the affected tissues.
Cuts can be wheat, flax, oat, buckwheat or rye. You can use this healthy food as baking flour or consume them raw.
How to cook tasty and healthy oatmeal dishes – in the article Tasty and healthy – how to make fitness bars at home
One of the healthiest foods is broccoli. It contains more useful and nutrients than any other cabbage. Broccoli boasts beta-carotene and vitamin A, both of which protect mucous membranes from infections and rebuild them. It also contains vitamin C, thanks to which it has an anti-inflammatory effect and increases metabolism. And a real rarity – vitamin U, in turn, accelerates the healing of erosions and ulcers, and also normalizes the level of acidity in the stomach.To preserve all the useful qualities of this product, it is best to bake or steam it.
Read more interesting information in the article Broccoli cabbage – how it is useful and what to cook with it
3. Fermented milk products
All fermented milk products are extremely useful for the gastrointestinal tract: cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, fermented baked milk and others. They contain microorganisms that normalize the intestinal microflora and improve digestion, as well as stimulate metabolism.
Find out which products are right for you in the article Fermented milk products – which is right for you
4. Olive oil
Olive oil also has many beneficial properties and deservedly earned fame as one of the most useful products. It has found applications not only in cosmetology and cooking, but also in the prevention and treatment of a vital organ – our stomach. Olive oil protects the mucous membrane from ulceration and eliminates inflammation by restoring the affected epithelium.All this thanks to linolenic and oleic acids and vitamins of groups A, D, K and E. Our body easily absorbs olive oil, and this product also speeds up metabolism and reduces appetite.
5. Flax seeds
It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of flax seeds. In terms of the amount of omega-3 fatty acids, which are necessary for normal metabolism, they are leaders. Also, flax seeds have a mucus-forming effect. They envelop the gastric mucosa and protect it from the action of hydrochloric acid and harmful bacteria, and also remove toxins and toxins from the body.
How to use flax seeds correctly – in the article Flax seeds and their benefits – 3 ways to use them correctly
Almonds contain essential oils, fiber and some glycosides. They stimulate the production of beneficial bacteria that speed up metabolic processes, normalize the acidity level in the stomach and help cope with gastrointestinal disorders.
Ginger has been used for a long time to normalize digestion.It enhances blood circulation, which in turn improves metabolism.