Scorpion bites florida: Be Aware of Southwest Florida Scoripions
Be Aware of Southwest Florida Scoripions
This is the thirteenth of 15 Household Bugs in SW Florida That May Freak You Out, which can be downloaded from our free eBook library.
Scorpions are one of the easiest freaky pests to identify because they are very unique- looking. They look like tiny lobsters that have two pincers and eight legs. You’ll notice a big curled up stinger on the back end of a scorpion.
Scorpions can be anywhere from 1-4 inches long. They can live to be five or six years old. In Florida, most scorpions are reddish, brown or black.
Scorpions do sting, and their venom is toxic; however, there are no scorpions in Florida which are lethal enough to kill a human. Scorpion stings can be very painful (some say even worse than a wasp’s sting) and will remain sore for a long time.
Some people are allergic to scorpion stings. Antivenin is available for severe reactions; do not hesitate to seek medical attention.
Although there are over a thousand species of scorpion worldwide, only a few live in Florida. You aren’t very likely to see a scorpion inside your house.
Scorpions are a nocturnal animal, feeding at night and hiding during the day. They may hide under rocks – or in your shoes! But in the rare cases a scorpion is inside, they are most likely to be found in your attic or underneath your house.
The best way to keep scorpions out of your house is to eliminate their food source – other insects.
Check out our previous E-Book tips on preventing other bugs from invading your home. These tips will double as a method to keep scorpions away.
If you find a scorpion inside your house, it’s best to kill it right away. Move quickly, because they can quickly dart under a crevice or crack where they’ll be hard to kill.
If you are wearing closed-toed shoes, you can step on it. Be sure to really squash it – scorpions can be tricky.
If you don’t want that much direct contact, consider using a heavy object like a book. Don’t pick up the dead scorpion with your hands! Use tongs or a shovel to scoop it into a bag before throwing it away.
If you’re like most, and are terrified of scorpions, call a professional if you find one in your home!
For more information on scorpions and other household bugs click the FREE eBook on the right, contact us online, or call us toll free at (800) 314-8813.
Remember, our goal at Larue is to protect the quality of your environment, while preserving the long-term value of your home or business.
Scorpions In Florida: What Homeowners Should Know
There are things you worried about when buying your home in Florida. You knew you’d have to protect against hurricane and flood damage, for example. Maybe you had a passing thought about crossing paths with an alligator.
No one told you about the scorpions, though. You also never got the memo about how many of them have venom in their stingers that can be poisonous. How, even when there’s no venom, those stings hurt like crazy.
Just looking at a scorpion, you can tell that they’re formidable, at least as far as bugs are concerned. If you’ve heard any of the stories about how painful the stings can be, the encounter is likely to scare you, even if the scorpion doesn’t do much of anything.
In this post, we’re going to give you an overview on scorpions in Florida, including how to identify them, which types are most common here, why more people have been seeing them in their homes and how to keep yourself safe.
Scorpions: The Most Important Things To Know
You could fill a book with all the crazy facts about scorpions. You probably didn’t realize, for example, that babies are called scorplings, and that they don’t lay eggs like other arachnids. Or that these creatures can live for nearly two days without oxygen. Did you know scorpions can survive for up to a year after only eating a single insect? How about that some females don’t even need to mate with a male scorpion to reproduce?
Unfortunately, absolutely none of that matters if you find yourself face-to-stinger with one in your house. What does matter?
They Are Generally Not Aggressive
Thankfully, most scorpion species aren’t aggressive. As is the case with most animals, they will defend themselves if they feel they are in danger. For example, if you slide a foot into a shoe where a scorpion is hiding, roll on them, touch them or step on them, you could be at risk of getting stung.
Most Encounters Aren’t Deadly
While there are stories out there about the powerful venom in scorpion stings killing people, the likelihood you will die from a scorpion sting is quite low. That said, chances are you will regret being the victim of a scorpion sting. Why is that?
Stings Can Be Very Painful
“Pain, which can be intense.” That’s what the Mayo Clinic has to say about how scorpion stings feel, but it doesn’t really cover what happens physiologically when a person gets stung.
Researchers have discovered that scorpion venom is actually designed in such a way that it not only activates pain signals, but essentially unlocks your pain gateway, letting more pain signals pass through, and that these signals are magnified due to the venom’s acidic nature.
Essentially, the venom is built to maximize your discomfort.
You Could Be Allergic To Stings
If you are allergic to insect stings, you might experience a wide variety of symptoms, including:
- An accelerated or irregular heartbeat
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty swallowing
- Increased blood pressure
- Muscle spasms or twitches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Strange movements of the head, neck and eye
- Trouble breathing
Don’t take any chances when it comes to your health. If you notice any of these signs of an allergic reaction, seek medical help immediately.
Children And The Elderly Are At A Higher Risk
Children suffer more than healthy adults for a simple reason: they’re smaller. That means the same amount of venom will have more of an impact. Seniors tend to suffer more because their immune system just isn’t as strong. With truly severe stings, seniors and children can die without treatment.
Scorpion Reports Are On The Rise
In recent years, more Florida residents have reported finding scorpions in their homes. Entomologists also warn that scorpion-human interactions might increase even more in coming years.
Over 1700 scorpion species have been discovered so far. Unless you live in Antarctica (the only continent where scorpions don’t exist), there’s always a chance that you might run into a scorpion.
If you get one of these creatures in your Florida home, it is likely to be one of these three main types: the Florida Bark Scorpion, the Hentz Striped Scorpions or the Guiana Striped Scorpion.
Florida Bark Scorpion
Want a summary of what you need to know about Florida bark scorpions? Here are some important facts:
- This species is found in the more tropical parts of Florida.
- As the largest of all Florida’s scorpions, the average length is between two and four inches.
- This scorpion is reddish brown to black. The legs are lighter in color, ranging from yellowish to orange to reddish.
- Florida bark scorpions are fast and flighty.
- The sting from this variety of scorpion can be very painful.
Hentz Striped Scorpion
What are the distinguishing characteristics of the Hentz striped scorpion? Homeowners should know that:
- This is the most common scorpion in Florida. This type is found almost everywhere in the state.
- The average length of the Hentz striped scorpion is between two and two and a half inches.
- This species is tan to dark brown. The abdomen often has yellowish green strips across its width. The length of this scorpion’s body may have a pair of dark stripes.
- There’s a tooth behind this scorpion’s venom bulb.
Guiana Striped Scorpion
Another common type of scorpion in Florida is the Guiana striped scorpion. Here are a few distinguishing characteristics of this type of scorpion:
- This variety is commonly found in Monroe, Collier and Miami-Dade counties.
- The average length of this scorpion is between one and a half and three inches.
- Unlike the other species of scorpions, the Guinea striped scorpion is yellow. That said, there’s a brownish area on the animal’s back, as well as two dark stripes running lengthwise.
Where Scorpions Hide And What They Eat
Scorpions are nocturnal. During the day, a scorpion might hide under rocks, logs, tree bark, garbage heaps, wood piles, paving stones and other landscaping materials. At night, scorpions become active and move from their hiding spots to look for mates and food.
A scorpion’s diet predominantly consists of insects such as roaches and crickets. Nevertheless, a scorpion may also feed on small rodents and reptiles.
Usually, the scorpions don’t chase after their prey. They simply lie in wait for whatever comes along, and when some prey draws near, the scorpion pounces and stings the victim with its venom.
The venom may paralyze or kill the prey, in addition to kickstarting digestion for the scorpion to begin feeding. The scorpion then uses its pincers to immobilize, tear apart and bring food into its mouthparts.
Scorpions may also sting any predators or perceived threats that get too close for comfort.
Why Is There A Scorpion In The House?
Entomologists have several theories as to why homeowners in Florida are finding more and more scorpions in their homes.
Human activities are progressively causing the native habitats of many animals, including scorpions, to shrink. A scorpion’s natural habit may, for instance, be cleared away to pave the way for new housing developments. The scorpions then have to find new areas to live in, which can drive them into the nearby properties and structures.
Potential Food Sources
Scorpions eat the insects that they find both inside and outside your home, so they may move into a home if they detect the presence of insects.
Additionally, it’s been found that scorpions are drawn to homes where the lights are left on overnight. This is because insects are drawn to lights, and scorpions are drawn in by the insects to feed on them.
As tough as a scorpion’s exoskeleton looks, these arthropods don’t like extreme heat, cold, moisture or dryness. When the weather outside becomes too extreme, such as during intense rainfall, or over summer and winter, scorpions may find more hospitable environments in your home.
Once a scorpion crawls into your home, it is unlikely to crawl back to its former habitat. A female scorpion that’s had babies in the last three or so weeks is also most likely going to carry her scorplings with her when she moves into your home. As such, it’s possible for a house to see a rapid expansion in the scorpion population if proper control measures aren’t executed.
A scorpion’s flat body allows it to fit through narrow spaces—even as narrow as a credit card. Additionally, scorpions are adept climbers. A scorpion will have no problems scaling a gutter, for instance. Because of this, it’s not difficult for a scorpion to find its way into a home.
Once they are inside, scorpions will look for dark, cool and slightly damp hiding spots. This makes it relatively hard to locate and control scorpions. They can hide almost anywhere in a home—under flower pots, behind photo frames, inside piles of laundry and even under bed sheets. If you cringe at that last scenario, you’ll want to keep reading.
How To Prevent Scorpions From Getting In Your Bed
Through an unfortunate series of events, a scorpion may find its way into your bed. Unlike a rattlesnake, though, a scorpion doesn’t have a built-in warning system.
Since it’s also small, you may not realize there’s a scorpion under the sheets until it’s too late and you or your loved one has been stung. So, if you live in a home where scorpions are common, vigilance is a must. Not sure how to handle scorpions? Pest control experts recommend that you should do the following to stay protected and prevent scorpion infestations:
- Check the bedroom (and the entire house) for scorpions. Use a UV blacklight once it’s dark. The scorpions will glow under this light, and it will be easy for you to spot them.
- Shake your bedding before lying down to make sure that there isn’t a scorpion hiding inside.
- If you are very worried about having a close encounter with a scorpion, you might consider installing a mosquito net around your bed.
- Place an EpiPen by the bedside if you are allergic to insect bites and stings.
- Ensure that window screens are correctly sized, in place and in good condition to prevent scorpion entry.
- Call in a pest control expert to seal off your home and remove any potential scorpion hiding places.
- If you find one scorpion in your home, watch out for more. Schedule an inspection with a pest control specialist to assess and eliminate the scorpion threat in your home.
ABC Can Protect You From Scorpions
While scorpions are not aggressive, most of us in Florida would prefer that these creatures remain in their natural habitat and far away from our homes. When that is not the case, the pest control pros at ABC Home & Commercial Services can help. We can identify the scorpion species on your property, control an infestation and help install protective measures to keep scorpions from making your home theirs. With ABC’s help, you can rest easy, knowing that you and your loved ones are protected from an unexpected encounter with one of these creatures.
vary in size from one to four inches long. These crab-like animals are
dark brown, have a broad flattened body, and ten legs. The front pair of
legs is modified into claw-like pincers which are used to hold their
prey. A scorpion’s most noticeable feature is their curled fleshy tail.
It is usually held over their body. The scorpion tail ends in an
enlarged upturned tip that ends in a stinger. The sting is used for
defense as well as for capturing prey.
Scorpion venom is a nerve poison, but the dose injected usually is not
enough to kill adults. While no Florida scorpions are capable of
inflicting a lethal sting, those that have had scorpion stings report
that it is very painful, probably more so than a wasp sting. Scorpions
rarely sting humans except when pinned against the skin, such as under
clothes or when trapped in bed sheets. The site of the sting may be
sore and swollen for some time. An antivenin is available for severe
reactions to scorpion stings.
Scorpions like to hide outside under boards, rubbish, or other areas
that provide shelter and protection. They are a nuisance especially in
recently built homes. These predators are active at night, and do their
share to reduce pests in and around the home. Another interesting
feature about scorpions is that they glow under ultraviolet lights – so
get out the black lights to help track them down.
In the home, scorpions are most likely to be found where they find their
food sources: insects, spiders, or similar small animal life. Termites
are suggested as the best food source for captive Florida Bark
Scorpions. Be cautious when crawling under a house or up in the attic.
And taking care of these other pests will often eliminate scorpions as
Scorpions have a long life cycle, lasting three to five years. Males and
females go through a courtship ritual prior to mating. Scorpions do not
lay eggs and the young are born alive. After birth the young scorpions
climb on the back of the mother and remain there until after their first
molt. Scorpions will readily eat their own species and females will
often eat their own young.
The Hentz striped scorpion is the most common and smallest of the three
species of scorpions found in Florida. The average size of this scorpion
is 2-2 3/4 inches. This scorpion is found statewide, except the Florida
Keys. The Hentz striped scorpion is dark brown to tan, often striped
with greenish yellow along midline above. Some species have
greenish-yellow parallel stripe on each side of cephalothorax. Hentz
striped scorpions have a slender abdomen that is pale or dark according
to species; they also have a tooth beneath the venom bulb. Hentz Striped
Scorpions live in dark crevices under bark, stones, and litter on the
ground, and on dry abandoned dirt roads. Although no one is ever glad to
see a scorpion in or near the home, the upside to the Hentz striped
scorpion is that they love to eat cockroaches!
Bark Scorpion (Centruroides gracilis)– The
Florida bark scorpion, sometimes called the slender brown scorpion is
the largest of Florida’s scorpions. Adults can grow up to 4 inches long.
The bark scorpion is native to the tropics of Central America, Mexico
and Florida. These scorpions are nocturnal, and spend the day under logs
or loose pieces of bark. They also hide under boards, or other pieces of
debris, and often seem to find their way into recently built homes. They
feed on termites, insects and spiders. This scorpion can inflict very a
painful sting, but it is not considered as potent as some of its
relatives. Some information indicates that individuals from North
America are less venomous than their relatives from Central and South
Striped Scorpion– The Centruroides guanensis, or the Guiana
striped scorpion is a medium sized scorpion that can only be found
around Collier, Miami-Dade, and Monroe counties in Florida, and in the
Bahamas and Cuba in the Caribbean. This scorpion is an opportunistic
species found under stones, under barks & inside bromeliads in
vegetation ranging from arid coastal plains to tropical lowland forests.
Adult Guiana striped scorpions range from 1 1/2 to 3 inches in length.
This scorpions entire body is yellow with variable dusky pattern:
usually there are two longitudinal dark bands over the mesosoma (almost
always with a thin blackish line between them) and the legs and venter
are spotted; the dusky pattern may be absent in some specimens or
populations (specially coastal ones). Females mate a single first time,
and then gave birth 3-4 times a year during 1-2 years. Lifespan in
captivity: 2-3 yrs from birth to natural death. This scorpion has a
sharp painful sting with aftereffects lasting for 1-5 hrs.
Types Of Florida Scorpions And How to Get Rid of Them
Types of Florida Scorpions – Florida houses three principal species of scorpions, the Hentz Striped Scorpion, the Florida Bark Scorpion and also the Guiana Striped Scorpion. These scorpions prefer to conceal under forums, in dust, and in other places in residences and meters where housing and food can be found. Florida scorpions live from several to five years. Scorpions may be effective at reproducing up-to several times a year, thus an infestation could become long-lasting and extreme. It’s encouraged that professional pest services be desired if a scorpion infestation is suspected in your home.
Florida Scorpions Sting
None of the three Florida scorpion species are designed for creating a deadly sting. As the sting may possibly not be fatal, it is uncomfortable and may cause swelling and allergy symptoms. When pinned contrary to the skin as when the scorpions become contained in sheets or apparel Florida scorpions are not hostile, but might poke.
Florida Bark Scorpion
Also referred to as the scorpion that is slim, the Florida bark scorpion may be the biggest of the Florida scorpions. These scorpions may mature to four inches long and also have light-colored feet a body, and yellow dashes around the back. Bark scorpions are nocturnal and therefore are typically identified under boards, specifically in freshly built or abandoned houses. The sting is incredibly agonizing, but not venomous as bark scorpions that are indigenous to South and Central America. These scorpions are located in the more exotic areas of Florida and supply mainly on other little pests, lions, and termites.
- Frequent Group: Spiders, Scorpions & Invertebrates
- Typical Name: Flroida Bark Scorpion
- Clinical Name: Centruroides gracilis
This fairly large bark scorpion is characterized by a darkbrown body with somewhat brighter thighs and usually light yellowish dashes about the back. Preferring hot, damp situations this species is found throughout Central America the Caribbean, and southern Florida.
Size and Longevity
It is a reasonably significant variety of bark scorpion in a position to attain an overall amount of 4″ (guys typically obtaining longer tails than women). Bark scorpions are not particularly long lived, but with good care they can be expected to stay a long period with regards to the era of the example.
Unlike several species of scorpions this variety can live communally. Very little space is required by them as well as a colony could be maintained in a terrarium of about 5 gallons. Bark scorpions are exceptional escape musicians so a tight fitting top is a must. A1 inch band of petroleum jelly around the upper inside part of the tank may help reduce destinations. Florida Bark Scorpions do well in a enclosure held around the warm end. As temperature lights might stress this animal this is attained through the utilization of an under tank heat station. An inch or two of moisture promoting substrate including surface coconut fiber or potting soil works well for this species. Add piles of cork bark to provide locations for them to climb and cover in.
Their total lives may live on a diet of appropriately-sized crickets or additional feeder pests, often consuming a few a week.
Their sting is allegedly rather uncomfortable, although this species venom is recognized as safe. Additionally there were accounts of much more serious envenomation from individuals within the Central and Caribbean America. For their willingness to poke this variety shouldn’t be treated.
Hentz Striped Scorpion
The scorpion found in Florida could be the striped scorpion, which can be found in the majority of parts of Florida. These scorpions are usually about 2-3 inches in-length and therefore are dark brown to tan. These scorpions might be more identified by their dark brown to brown color and greenish’s presence stripes about the belly. The stomach is slim and there is a tooth behind the venom lamp. These scorpions are most often located beneath gems as well as other trash on a lawn. Hentz scorpions that are striped eat cockroaches.
Guiana Striped Scorpion
Guiana striped scorpions can range to three inches in length from one. They’re famous by their mainly yellow body, while patterning and color can vary. These scorpions will be the least frequent kind which can be present in California and are generally only noticed around Miami-Dade, Collier . These scorpions seek housing that is available under rocks, under bark, or in vegetation. When Guiana scorpions sting people, the effects last from to five hours.
Florida Scorpions: Foe or Friend?
Here to all types of insects that were special, we are accustomed in Central Florida. From alligators to manatees to “love bugs”, we have various pests and creatures that are not located elsewhere in the Usa. One figure may be the scorpion. Scorpions are located all around the planet, and depending on the kind, can be quite unsafe and sometimes even lethal to people. Thankfully for people Polk County residents, the scorpions located in California are not lethal, or are they extremely harmful. However, they can be a pest.
Generally speaking, the scorpions herein Central Florida generally come under two types. the Hentz Striped Scorpion along with the Florida Bark Scorpion are equally comparatively safe, and little. Though their sting is fatal for the pests they prey on, they’ve little more consequence when compared to a wasp. Thus often spend close focus on any symptoms experienced after having a sting obviously, just like a bee or wasp sting, persons can be sensitive to these guys. Difficulty breathing, any excessive swelling, hives, etc. are a red-flag that you might want to get medical attention. In most cases although being stung with a scorpion will leave a bit more than the usual somewhat tender, mildly bloated sting to somebody website, which is back to typical in just a couple of days.
Scorpions prey on pests, which means they could basically be advantageous to have in your residence into a certain level. They help strengthen your pest control, consuming the bugs that create havoc on your own home and home and may kill-off grass and your flowers. They often want to live-in woodpiles, under gems, unless you bother them or some other housing that provides security and tone and won’t bother you. If they start to infest the within of one’s residence and/or perhaps the spot immediately around it, nevertheless, scorpions can be a pest matter themselves. And once inside, can seek a place to cover that mimics their outdoor atmosphere because they feed into your property, they could follow their prey on bugs. Meaning they are able to take-up property in shoes, folded blankets, etc.
Since their invasion is commonly immediately linked to an invasion of an insect selection (they’re pursuing their food source afterall), qualified pest control is essential in keeping your house scorpion-free. Insurance firms skilled pest solutions managed in your home and around your yard, you thus killing off the meals supply for that scorpions, will lessen or eliminate the insect population. With nothing to consume, they’ve no explanation to occupy your property.
Perhaps you have had pest therapies but are still currently experiencing more than your fair share of scorpions? You might must reseal areas around windows, your gates, and even baseboards. Make sure you retain garden, and repair openings or any breaks inside your foundation and bushes trimmed cool off out of your home since these could assist like a “link” for the scorpions to cross when entering your space.
Present us a call if you want help managing the scorpion population all on your own house. Country-Boy give an appraisal at that moment to you and may come out and enable you to customize an idea that may remove pests of numerous kinds, although not merely the scorpions. We protect the more Polk County area, and we offer quick and effective assistance of the very best quality.
Scorpions will be your buddy, but inside your home, we contemplate them a foe. Let’s help outside where they belong, you retain them. Give us a call!
Some Facts About Florida Scorpion
Florida houses three variety of scorpions, but don’t worry, none of Florida’s scorpions may supply humans a dangerous sting. The bark scorpion (also known as the brown bark scorpion or slim brown scorpion) will be the greatest of the species present in sunlight state. An adult Florida bark scorpion could mature to 4″ long. The Hentz striped scorpion is the smallest and many frequent species, running 2. 5 and between 2 inches long. The Guiana Striped Scorpion is located solely in Miami-Dade, Monroe and Collier County and it is indigenous to Cuba and the Bahamas. The Florida bark scorpion and hentz striped scorpion can be found throughout the majority of the state.
Florida Scorpions In The Home
Inside properties may investigate while pursuing are often found in crawlspaces and their pest food. They’re likewise typically within recently built homes. These critters may sometimes get jammed in a drain or bath while searching for water throughout the night, presenting a shock each morning to people. If a scorpion makes its approach to the liveable space, it will take shelter anywhere it can when the sun rises. Why scorpions happen to be within shoes this is, folded apparel, covers.
Frequently Asked Questions
How To Get Rid Of Florida Scorpions In The House?
Begin by reducing spot where scorpion like to seek shelter around your property. Eliminate woodpiles, for example large gems and make certain pretty vegetation is rooted some length from the groundwork of the home. Lean tree branches that hang-over the roof of your home to stop scorpions from employing these as a bridge to enter your house. Seal cracks inside your basis. However finding scorpions at home? A pest management specialist could handle from getting inside your foundation, gates your windows to prevent this monster.
Benefits of Professional Florida Scorpion Pest Control
A bug management expert has the knowledge, gear and capabilities necessary to properly handle a California scorpion problem. Treating and locating the California scorpions can be complicated, particularly when they’re spread throughout your backyard. A pest management professional offers their experience to spot the pest problem and establish the perfect treatment for resolve the Florida scorpion infestation.
What To Know About Scorpion Stings
Many species of scorpions, including the Arizona bark scorpion, roam the desert landscape of the American Southwest and tend to hang out under logs, rocks, boards, and in burrows or piles of items left outside. Scorpions don’t bite (they have no teeth), but when startled, they may use the stinger on their tail to sting you. Treating a scorpion sting usually has a favorable outcome. Still, the Arizona bark scorpion is the only one of 80 species found in the United States that can produce a lethal poison. This sting, however, can be treated at a medical facility with an antivenin. In most cases, stings from nonlethal scorpions can be dealt with at home, but always seek medical attention for a child or elder who has been bitten by this creature.
Scorpion Sting Symptoms
According to the Mayo Clinic, the immediate symptoms of a scorpion sting can include intense pain, numbness or tingling, slight swelling, and warmth at the sting site. The area may become sensitive to touch, as well. Severe symptoms, which could indicate systemic venom spread, include difficulty breathing, muscle twitching, drooling, sweating, nausea and vomiting, high blood pressure, a fast or irregular heartbeat, and restlessness. Children may become inconsolable and those who have been stung before could develop an allergic reaction. If the person stung presents with hives, trouble breathing, and nausea or vomiting, seek medical care immediately. Other severe symptoms can include blurry eyesight and trouble swallowing.
Scorpion Sting Treatment
Most scorpion stings consist only of a localized reaction and can be treated at home. However, if in doubt, don’t hesitate to seek medical help. A few immediate treatment measures may alleviate a worsening of symptoms down the road.
- First, wash the area with soap and water.
- If stung on a limb (arm or leg) prop up the affected limb in a comfortable position.
- Apply a cool compress to the sting site in a 10-minutes-on, 10-minutes-off pattern, repeat as much as necessary.
- Take over-the-counter pain medicine, such as Advil or Tylenol, as needed. An antihistamine may reduce swelling and itching. You can also use topical hydrocortisone cream.
- Make sure your tetanus shot and boosters are current.
- Call a poison help line. The staff will assess the symptoms of the person stung to determine the best course of action. If severe symptoms are present, they will direct you to the nearest emergency facility for treatment. If a decision is made to keep the person at home, the poison center staff will follow up to make sure that the person is not developing symptoms that might need medical intervention or antivenin.
Scorpion Sting Complications
People with allergies to stings and bites, people with other medical conditions, those who have weakened immune systems, babies, small children, and the elderly are most at risk for serious complications from a scorpion sting. Still, rarely is it life-threatening for healthy adults and pets.
Watch carefully for signs of anaphylaxis, such as a rash, swelling of the lymph nodes, a rapid and weak pulse, nausea or vomiting, and difficulty breathing. If any of these symptoms present, don’t hesitate to get medical care immediately. The Mayo Clinic advises that you should seek immediate care for a child who is stung, since the amount of venom delivered into a small body could have more serious effects, regardless of the symptoms present.
If you do get stung by a more dangerous species, such as the bark spider, treatment will vary depending on the severity of the sting. A Grade 3 or 4 sting may result in neuromuscular dysfunction, nerve issues, hyperthermia, or, in a worst-case scenario, organ failure. In this instance, an antivenin must be administered immediately.
Scorpion Sting Tips
Many people fear that any scorpion they come across is deadly. This not the case. Still, it’s prudent to err on the side of caution if you are stung and, better yet, learn how to prevent being stung altogether.
- If your traveling to a place where scorpions are present, familiarize yourself with their identifying features. Also, learning their habits will help you better avoid these creatures to protect your family and yourself.
- Take extra caution when you’re camping or engaging in other outdoor activities to make sure that a scorpion has not made a home in your clothes, shoes, or sleeping bag.
- Scorpions glow brightly under UV light (blacklight). Having one handy can help you assess your surroundings at night.
- Scorpions are hard to kill. If you suspect an infestation in your house, call a professional exterminator. Also, finding and eliminating their food source (other insects) can help.
Disclaimer: If you are stung by a scorpion and are concerned about your symptoms, call the Poison Control Center hotline, contact a medical professional, or visit an emergency room or urgent care center.
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Scorpion Myths and Facts You Should Know
They’re creepy and they’re crawly, and one may be hiding in your shoe! If you live in the desert or a semi-dry climate, you’ve probably encountered a scorpion or two in your yard or house—and possibly even stepped on one. Ouch!
While scorpions actually are pretty amazing and beneficial creatures, many of us fear them because they can sting. Much of this fear stems from the myths that are out there about them. It may be hard to separate fact from fiction.
Bryan Kuhn, PharmD, a pharmacist and poison education specialist at Banner – University Medical Center Phoenix, dispels five myths and confirms five facts about scorpion stings.
5 Myths About Scorpion Stings
MYTH #1: A scorpion sting is fatal.
There are between 40 to 50 different scorpion species found across Arizona, and only the Arizona bark scorpion (Centruroides sculpuratus) can produce severe neurotoxic symptoms – though most people stung by one can be safely managed and observed at home.
MYTH #2: Baby scorpions are deadlier.
The age of the scorpion doesn’t dictate if the venom is more dangerous than the venom of an adult scorpion. Venom from all scorpions, regardless of size, is still venom.
A bark scorpion, in general, is smaller in size than other species of scorpions so perhaps this is where this myth comes from. That said, baby bark scorpions aren’t potentially more venomous or dangerous than their older siblings or parents.
MYTH #3: Scorpion stings will always leave a mark.
Unlike a bee sting, scorpion stings often do not leave a mark. Given the small size of the bark scorpion, it’s often difficult to find the puncture wound. It’s not surprising that even when a patient comes into the urgent care or emergency department that the staff are also unable to determine the location of the puncture wound.
MYTH #4: Applying an ice pack is the best way to alleviate symptoms.
While an ice pack may seem like it will be useful in reducing the numbness and pain caused by a scorpion sting, symptoms can come back with greater intensity when the ice pack is removed.
Instead, use a cool compress applied to the sting site. To do this, get a bowl of water with some ice cubes and soak a few washcloths to use as damp, cool compresses. Place one of the washcloths on the sting site and rotate out with a fresh one as needed. This way you’ll provide the same level of relief without causing any rebound symptoms or potential frostbite to the skin.
MYTH #5: Antihistamines are useful after a scorpion sting.
Scorpion venom rarely produces a severe allergic reaction. Unless you have a severe allergic reaction, Benadryl and other antihistamines are of limited benefit in reducing the neurotoxic effects from a scorpion sting.
5 Facts About Scorpion Stings
FACT #1: Scorpions are venomous.
All scorpions are indeed venomous, though their venom varies greatly in potency. This means that if you’re stung by a species other than the bark scorpion, the symptoms will likely only include localized pain and discomfort that should resolve within an hour or two.
FACT #2: Scorpions glow in the dark.
Scorpions contain a hyaline layer in their exoskeleton that reflects certain wavelengths of the ultraviolet (UV) light spectrum. Though not completely understood why, it’s believed this allows the scorpions to either “see” their surroundings or perhaps attract their insect prey. Even fossils of ancient scorpions are still fluorescent under UV lights. Pretty cool!
FACT #3: Severe bark scorpions can be treated with antivenom.
There is an approved antivenom for severe bark scorpion-related symptoms, although most adults who seek treatment don’t meet the indication threshold. Most adults can be treated with strong pain relievers and sedatives to help tolerate symptoms when they’re at their most intense—roughly the first six hours.
The antivenom is generally reserved for severe symptoms in the pediatric population. It is very effective in reversing these symptoms, and children can generally be discharged to home after antivenom administration.
FACT #4: Symptoms from a scorpion sting usually last about three days.
For most patients, the majority of symptoms will be clear within the first six hours. After six hours, it’s unusual to see any new or worse symptoms. It can take up to 48 to 72 hours for those symptoms to significantly resolve, though in very rare instances, some patients report persistent symptoms for weeks to months afterward.
FACT #5: Typical symptoms include pain, numbness and tingling.
Patient’s often describe a burning pain at the presumed sting site. The venom attacks the nerve endings causing them to fire improperly, which can cause numbness and tingling around the site. The venom doesn’t travel in the bloodstream though, so it doesn’t affect your brain, heart or lungs. As the symptoms worsen, patients will describe muscle twitching or spasms, sometimes involving the tongue, and altered taste sensation or even a lump in their throat when swallowing.
Kids can have it the worst though. They can have severe muscle spasms and cramps and increased salivation to the extent that it becomes a choking hazard in the very young. Fortunately, in all these scenarios, there are different treatment strategies offered in an urgent care or emergency department that can address all these more serious cases of a scorpion sting.
In general, it’s good to remember that scorpions aren’t out to get you. They are really harmless unless provoked, so it’s important to follow these precautions:
- Shake clothes and shoes before putting them on
- Wear shoes, particularly at night
- Put on gloves when you are working in the yard
- Keep grass closely mowed and prune back bushes and overhanging tree branches
You can find other helpful tips to fight off scorpions and other critters here.
In the rare chance a scorpion stings you and you begin to experience severe symptoms and/or an allergic reaction, please visit your nearest urgent care or emergency department or call the Poison and Drug Information Center’s number at 800-222-1222.
To find a Banner Health location near you, visit BannerHealth.com.
For additional information on scorpions, snakes and other creepy critters, check out these related articles:
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Scorpions in Florida – Types, Danger & Treatment
Scorpions are a predatory animal and are often called as cousins of spiders, mites, and ticks. They normally have 8 legs and are recognized with the unique feature of their curved tail. This curved tail is what delivers a venomous sting to the prey. Scorpions that are found in Florida are usually restricted to 3 species of their kind.
These scorpions are capable of carrying a venomous sting that humans should be careful of. A vast variety of scorpions are harmless to humans. Even then, medical assistance is preferred if an event occurs. The usual feeding time of scorpions is at night. During the day, scorpions hide under rocks. The reason why they hide during the day is that of loss of moisture. Scorpions go in complete hibernation during the winter and cold months. They have hair on their legs and other body parts to protect from vibrations of the air.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCORPIONS IN FLORIDA
Florida is famous for the different type of insects and spiders found there. It is most famous for its scorpion breed. The three main types of scorpions that are found in Florida are the
- Florida bark scorpion
- The Hentz striped scorpion
- The Guiana striped scorpion
These species of scorpions that are found in Florida live up to 3-5 years. They are harmless and can not produce a fatal sting to humans. They can be found under debris and stones in yards.
Florida bark scorpion
This type of scorpion is considered to be the largest among its types. It is known as the slender brown scorpion. These grow up to 4 inches in size. They are tan-brown in color with orange-red legs. Their sting is painful but not fatal. They feed on termites and spiders. The Florida bark scorpion is often found in southern California to southern Arizona.
The Hentz striped scorpion
This is the most common type of scorpion in Florida. Their size measurements are of 2-2.5 inches. It has a brown body with dark stripes all across. It also has yellow and green mixed stripes underneath. These feed on cockroaches.
The Guiana striped scorpion
The Guiana striped scorpion is the smallest in size. Their size forms up to 1-3 inches.
These can be easily recognized due to their yellowish body and black stripes. They are found under stones and debris. Their sting effect lasts until 3-5 hours.
DOES THE SCORPION STING HURT?
The above-mentioned scorpions in Florida sting when captured, controlled or restricted in small spaces. These sting bites are very painful and can cause allergic reactions. However, these sting bites are not fatal. These sting bites lead to experiencing discomfort and painful reactions.
HOW TO GET RID OF SCORPIONS?
Following are some of the effective ways to get rid of scorpions
- Avoid building spaces where they can crawl. These include big stones and a pile of debris in a newly constructed house. The cracks in the ceilings of the house are also a gateway for scorpions.
- People grow vegetables near the house where scorpions are also found. Apply necessary insecticides and pesticides.
- Put on treatment granules around all the sides of your residences.
- A natural way to repel scorpions from entering your homes is to sprinkle cinnamon in creaks and corners.
SYMPTOMS OF SCORPION STING
When a human being is stung by a scorpion, it is necessary to identify the symptoms as soon as possible to deal with it to heal it naturally. A delay in identification can lead to the severity of infection and disease. Following are the most common symptoms of scorpion sting bites to look out for
- Painful burning and numbing sensation at the sting site
- Redness or swelling at the sting site
- Monitoring the allergic reactions caused by it
- Uncommon symptoms including vomiting, fainting, sweating or foaming at the mouth
- Irregular and uncomfortable heartbeat
- Experiencing pain in the neck, head or while walking
- Muscle spasm of the individual.
HOW TO TREAT A SCORPION STING AT HOME
When stung by a scorpion in Florida, it is necessary to take immediate action. The following are the ways to treat a scorpion stung naturally.
The first action to be taken is to locate the sting of the scorpion on the human body. It is not necessary that the sting will become red or swell up.
Once the sting is located, it should be thoroughly washed with soap and water to clean it of any germs. This will prevent any diseases and infections. It will also clean any leftover venom from the sting site.
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Now, the individual should keep the sting very still and below the heart level. This is necessary to stop the venom from spreading to other parts of the body. Fast movements by the patient will also help the venom to spread so the patient should be calm and still
The majority of the scorpion stings are non-fatal but it is necessary to console the victim to stop them from getting worried.
The most efficient way to slow the venom from spreading is to apply ice cubes or ice pack to the scorpion sting. This treatment should be done within two hours of the injury.
Scorpion stings are extremely painful which is why painkillers are necessary to be able to bear the pain.
If the patient is not getting any better and is experiencing shortness of breath, fast heartbeat and spasms, then immediately call for medical assistance.
The best way to clean a place of scorpions is to call for professional teams. They are equipped with the proper machines and treatments to kill them.
Once you feel that you have recovered and feel better, it is necessary to consult a doctor so as to be completely sure.
This is all about scorpions, and not just restricted to Florida. If you happen to get stung by any, make sure to follow the instructions if at home or get medical help as soon as possible.
90,000 Named animals that are not as dangerous as it seems
These animals are known to be very dangerous. But in fact, they are not as dangerous as you think, says otvprim.ru.
Steve Irwin died tragically when his heart was pierced by a stingray sting in 2006, but deaths from stingray attacks are rare. They are not aggressive animals. If a stingray feels threatened, it usually swims away.
Most stingray attacks are the result of being accidentally hit in shallow water, causing painful but not fatal leg injuries.Only one or two people die from stingray attacks every few years.
2. Black widows
Black widows have a reputation for being deadly venomous spiders, but the truth is they rarely bite. A 2014 study of their behavior showed that poking a black widow several times would not be enough to provoke a spider to attack. Only after pinching his body does he attack.
Black widow bites are also treatable and rarely fatal – out of 1,866 black widow bites in 2013, according to Live Science, none were fatal.
According to the Wilderness Medical Society, 24 out of 567 reported cases were killed in alligator attacks between 1928 and 2009. Most of them took place in Florida.
Alligators are less dangerous than crocodiles because they are picky eaters targeting small prey, while crocodiles will eat anything that moves.
Encounters with bears are actually more dangerous for the bears themselves.In a study of 600 collisions of bears with people, an unexpected conclusion was made: bears died in 34% of cases.
Of the nearly 500 shark species in the world, only about 12 of them pose a threat to humans. While bloodthirsty hunters crave human flesh in films like Jaws, most sharks prefer fish, plants, marine mammals and other sharks.
According to the Florida Museum of Natural History, an average of six people die each year from shark attacks.This means you are more likely to die from a dog attack or a fall from a vending machine.
Vultures may look intimidating due to their sharp claws and beaks, but they pose little threat to humans. They rarely eat live prey and feed mostly on dead animals.
Whip scorpions may look like regular scorpions, but they cannot bite or sting and are more domestic pests than deadly predators.
Image source: otvprim.ru
90,000 what it looks like, where it is found, is the snake dangerous. Are there sand fleas in Dadonghai
Hainan Island Beach Vacation is a dream come true for many tourists, but there are small insects that can turn a vacation on one of the best beaches on this island into a real hell. We are talking about sand fleas, which tourists simply call “midges”.
Sand flies in Hainan can be found not only in the area of the city of Sanya, but also in other places. In general, the problem of sand fleas is common for all of Southeast Asia, therefore, reports that someone was severely bitten by midges appear not only in Hainan, but also in Nha Trang, Boracay and other places in the region.
Note that not every person is allergic to a midge bite on the beaches of Hainan Island. For some, sand flea bites can cause acne that itches terribly, and someone may not even notice the bites of these fleas.
People who have already experienced midge bites in Hainan know that they can be quite painful. If left untreated, they can cause a lot of suffering for several days or even weeks before they disappear on their own. While sand flea bites in the Sanya City area are generally not dangerous, these sand flies can carry disease and transmit viruses. So sometimes, in case of multiple bites of midges, you should see a doctor, especially if you have severe symptoms after the bites.
Although the gnats on the beaches in Hainan are very small, they can cause serious skin problems. They tend to bite their feet because they are closest to the ground, and sand fleas can only jump 20-40 cm. However, if you decide to lie on the sand, then there is a possibility that midges will bite you everywhere. The same can happen if you are lying on a sun lounger.
It is important to note that midges in Hainan most often bite in the evening, at night or at dawn. It is at this time of day that sand fleas are most active.So when walking along the beach in the evening in shorts or a skirt, you should be prepared for the fact that you will be bitten. From late morning to sunset hours, midges on the beaches of Hainan are not so active, but this does not mean that they do not bite at all at this time.
How sand fleas bite
There are two types of sand flea bites. The first one looks like a mosquito bite. That is, a flea jumps on a person and sucks blood, after which it goes in search of another victim. These sand flies are injected with saliva during feeding to prevent blood clotting, and it is this saliva that irritates the skin and can cause allergic reactions.
The second bite is slightly worse as it is part of the sand flea breeding process. With this bite, the flea lays eggs under the skin. If you see swollen areas on the skin with black spots in the center, you can be sure that this is where the sand flea laid its eggs.
Either way, both types of bite will cause symptoms such as itching, pain and discomfort.
What to do if you were bitten by midges in Hainan
If you were bitten by sand midges on one of the beaches in the Sanya area, we advise you to immediately start treatment.First of all, do not scratch the bite in any way, as this increases the chances of infection in the wound. Check the bite site for egg clutches, as sand flies can live under the skin and suck blood for several weeks.
How to save yourself with the bites of sand flies in Hainan? Many locals advise rinsing the bite site first with cold water mixed with baking soda and then immediately applying calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to relieve pain and reduce swelling.All of these products can be purchased at any pharmacy in Sanya. You just need to show the bite sites on your body, and the pharmacist will offer you the remedy you need.
Aloe Vera and lavender, eucalyptus, tea tree and cedarwood essential oils also work well to soothe pain.
What to do to avoid being bitten by midges in Hainan
At 100% from a midge bite in Hainan, you will be protected only if you walk on the beach in a wetsuit, high rubber boots or some other clothing that completely covers your skin.But you’re hardly interested in spending time on the beach in anything other than your bathing suit. So you have to accept that sand flea attacks are still possible. However, if you follow some tips, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of midge bites on the beach in Hainan.
First, do not go to the beach when it is raining. Sand fleas are very aggressive when the air is cool and humid. For the same reason, we advise you to stay away from the beach in the early morning, evening and night.
Second, use insect repellent if you feel the midges are attacking.
Third, try to cover yourself when sitting or lying down to avoid being bitten on your body.
Tips (and absolutely free) how to live in Sanya for the entire course of treatment and not make problems (everything is based on actual facts).
Everyone knows that we create all problems for ourselves and learn, unfortunately, from our mistakes, and not from others. We have been undergoing treatment for 6 years and came to the clinic in Sanya for our doctors from Xingcheng city.I will not bore you with our diagnosis, but each of our children has their own diagnosis, and the only task we have with you is to help them overcome their illness, we at least make life easier and adapt to life in this society without us !!! (how sad it is, but we need to think about it now)
Since you are on this site and forum, it is already clear that the main task of your life is your children !!! So we are in Sanya, we are being treated and have been living for a long time. As a rule, we ourselves like to create problems for ourselves (including myself, no matter how much I liked to be clever and give advice)
1.Do not forget – you are in a foreign country, with your culture, way of life and rules! Be adequate and respectful!
2. All Chinese have great respect for foreigners. If people on the street smile at you and try to say something, smile back. It will not cost you anything, but with facial expressions and gestures they will help you.
3. Strain your brain (in old age there will be no insanity) and learn at least a few words in Chinese: “nihao” – hello! “Budun” or “vo thi budun” – I don’t understand anything, “se-se” – thanks! , “To what” – how much is it? “Sanya wan” or “Sanya bay” and taxi drivers will take you to the central beach of Sanya, the trip from our house to the beach is 9-11 yuan.By the way, here I am guided by the distances in terms of yuan.
4. Ostorv Hainan is one of the most expensive resorts in the world and is considered the island of the wealthy Chinese – you can buy everything here, but very expensive! Clothes and shoes are expensive, equipment is expensive and often of poor quality (fakes). There is nothing here that cannot be bought from us in Russia (and even at times cheaper) Do not waste time shopping!
5. It is better, if you can, relieve stress at sea, walk along the surf line, swim (I do this only from 9 to 10.30am) until the sun is active! Do not forget that we are next to the equator! In the tropics! On the sanjawan beach, do not sit and do not lie still – otherwise you will be bitten by the smallest midges, and cruelly (everyone manifests in different ways, but the itch from bites is uncontrollable with abscesses and scars. Here, again, I am clever, but every time I get on one and the same rake. The most effective medicine from Russia – “beneneocin” helps from bites.
6. All the medicines that I use myself and give my child I take with me from Russia.
7. Wash your hands more often, both yourself and your child (I take disinfecting hand gel with me on the road).
8. Drink only bottled water.
9. Do not eat in street eateries, if you do not want to be hostage to the closet (toilet).
10. The supermarket in our residential Condo “Huatin” has everything, including the marketing rules that exist all over the world (I will not teach, all scientists, but see the expiration date).
11. In Sanya there is something to see and where to go and go.Take a free tourist map of Sanya at the airport, and Tanya Karus will tell you everything how and what is best.
12. When we always listen to the advice of strangers, we think that everything that is told happens to anyone, but not to me !!! But in vain !!!
One example: a family – a mother, a father and a child came to the clinic for treatment. The child is active, fidget, wants to go to Monkey Island. (Apparently someone in Russia advised) I tell them it’s dangerous !!! Monkeys bite (there are already many examples of us among patients).They went to the park “Deer turned his head”, it is within the city and is beautiful.
And what do you think. Wild monkeys live there (they are local inhabitants of the jungle of Hainan) settled in the city. Dad decided to feed the monkeys … The result is deplorable:
Dad’s leg was bitten, monkeys grabbed a child by the hair.
Stress to a child (they were attacked by a wild animal)
Pope (she herself did not see him after this incident anymore) was bitten and now has to go to the hospital.If only you read reviews on the Internet, listened to the advice of experienced patients, at least a little before going on excursions, you would be more circumspect. Monkeys carry not only the rabies virus, but also many other terrible diseases (AIDS, hepatitis C, Ebola virus, various tropical viruses and hemorrhagic fevers).
photos in Nanmunan clinic – http://china-tcm.ru/
As my favorite TV presenter Andrey Malakhov says: “Take care of yourself and your loved ones”! If any of my tactless advice comes in handy, it’s already a success! I wish you and your loved ones health – this is the greatest value of our life!
With respect and love to all,
VKontakte clinic group – https://vk.com/nanmunan8
And finally, after almost two weeks of wandering in the Middle Kingdom, having made a trip more than 3,000 kilometers long, tired and exhausted, we nevertheless flew to a paradise, the southernmost part of China, to the island of Hainan. Here we are promised the long-awaited chill-out on the beach, rest after the work done and the opportunity to wash thousands of kilometers in the sea water, clear our heads before the final march through the Chinese cities.
What does an ordinary guy like me know about Hainan?
Yes, in principle, almost nothing, except that the Hainan skeleton is:
- an island in the South China Sea, located in a tropical climate;
- something like Crimea, only for yellow-bellied Chinese;
- the southernmost point of the PRC, except for individual islands, for which it fights with other countries;
- Pontovoy resting place for the rich and Russian tourists who are tired of Thailand.
And also in Hainan there is a huge hotel that looks like a jellyfish or a flower, in the city of Haikou the stage of the kite surfing world cup is taking place, it is hot and very humid here. That’s all I can tell you about Hainan at the time of our arrival.
Before the trip I did a very cursory study of the local sights and places to visit, but to be honest, the main purpose of the trip here is to have a bow on the beach and chew on some seafood and fruits, because this is the best thing to do for a tired traveler.
During our visit to Hainan Island we managed to visit three beaches: Dadonghai (3 days), Yalong bay (2 days) and the city beach in Sanya (Sanya, 2 days). All three beaches are easily visited by taxi or shuttle buses, or are within walking distance from our place of residence. Of the three listed beaches, Yalong deserves special attention.
Probably the cleanest and most comfortable beach on the coast near Sanya.Since mainly the most expensive hotels are located along the beach, there are relatively few people here. The beaches are accessible to anyone, they are clean, and there is practically no debris in the water.
To describe a beach vacation, to be honest, is still boring, so in this part of the report I will try to put together notes on certain moments of my stay on the island, with photographs characteristic of this note, or maybe not at all in the subject.
For example, a bunch of Chinese go swimming with large inflatable rings, and some do not hesitate to bathe huge inflatable unicorns into the water!
I was surprised by this moment: that in Yalong, in Dadonghai, in Sanya, at exactly 20:00, several ATVs with flashing lights start to ride along the coast.Local policemen are sitting in the quadrics in tandem with rescuers, blowing whistles, shining lanterns at the swimmers, forcing them to leave the sea. Somehow earlier on the seas I did not notice this, or I did not pay attention.
It turns out that the remote control from the camera is without moisture protection, and after taking this frame, after a few hours it looked like this:
If you go to Yalong, you may have food problems. there are almost no cafes in the area of expensive hotels, and they are all concentrated in the central part of the village.From the point of view of finance, everything is not cheap, prices are 10-15% higher than the average in China, both for food in cafes and for juice and water in shops.
Speaking of food, it’s worth mentioning that a dinner at a seafood restaurant on average costs about 150 RMB for two, and that’s not particularly chic. If you cheat, you can easily miss 200-250 RMB, and if you dull and don’t check the check, then it is possible that dishes that you did not buy will appear in it. They tried to sniff one of these for us, but the narrow-eyed woman did not manage to deceive us.
The cost of housing is average in China, a room costs 120-160 RMB per day, both in Sanya and on the beaches. In Dadonghai we lived 100 meters from the water for this money, in an apartment converted into a hotel room, and in Sanya in an apartment for the same money. Normal hotel rooms start at 450 RMB, but it’s a complete family waste to pay that much money for a hotel.
Although Ruslan and Natasha did just that, settling in the Mariott, and they were terribly pleased with this circumstance.They even took a special bus to the beach, and I’m not talking about towels and slippers.
OVERNIGHT IN A TENT IN HAINAN.
Apparently in this part it is worth mentioning one incident that happened to us somewhere on the third day of our stay on the island. While Ruslan and Natasha were basking in the Mariott, and Valera and Almira were trampling white sand on one of the beaches of Sanya, Oksa and I decided to test the possibility of spending the night in a tent on this wonderful island.
The fact is that in winter we read that there are 43 campgrounds in Hong Kong, where anyone can go with a tent.The most affordable campgrounds are mostly located near the city, have amenities, water, showers, etc. There are few people there – a lot of nature, which in turn bribed us with the opportunity to look differently at the metropolis, break away from the hustle and bustle of Chinese life and hammered into our heads a desire to feel all this on our own skin. Well, how can you feel something like that without training? So it was decided to train here in Sanya, having tried an overnight stay in the tropics, on the shores of the South China Sea, under palm trees and on white sand.Romance, blah!
Of course, for the sake of such an occasion, we prepared well: we took with us a small, thin tent for 999 RUB from a sports supermarket, bought a foil blanket somewhere in Changsha, brought a fleece blanket in a backpack halfway around the world in order not to freeze, took food in the store, beer, a juice, all sorts of goodies, and went to the best beach in Sanya, in Yalong Bay. Since this beach is mostly inhabited by hotels, closer to sunset it was decided to go to its western part.According to the satellite, there is a section of the coastline where there are no buildings and it is possible to stay in a tent.
No sooner said than done, we waited for the sunset and we go to the place. From the very beginning, I somehow did not think about the reasons that this section of the beach is not built up. And there was only one reason – the coast by the sea was rocky, more precisely, it was a huge stone slab, on which the waves crashed. In appearance, the slab was of volcanic origin and resembled a piece of solidified lava. The stove itself was a little dirty, or maybe no one is cleaning it, because.because there are no owners. This is probably why part of the beach was not very popular with tourists, and those vacationers who walked along it did not stop and walk by.
We found a plot more or less suitable for living and settled on a sandy five-meter cliff, with a beautiful view of the sea. Above us were large palms, forest on all sides, 200-300 meters to the nearest building. From the very beginning, even when the tents were being set up, I was surprised by a strong sound coming from everywhere – these were cicadas, ringing so loudly that sometimes it resembled an all-pervading ultrasound.It was a little unusual, but we did not attach much importance to it, especially since after about an hour the cicadas subsided.
You know, the Chinese love to wrap everything in bags, and these bags are once again in bags, and so on ad infinitum, or rather to the singular number. For example, you bought a pack of some cupcakes and each cupcake inside the pack will be wrapped in another individual package, and inside this package the cupcake will be wrapped in thin paper. Even when we were putting things in the tent from backpacks, I noticed that one bag of puffed rice seemed to burst, but knowing that we had already opened the main pack, I somehow did not attach much importance to this.Moreover, at exactly 19:00, a flock of some nasty, large, but not biting winged ants or midges flew into us. It was tough, we thought we would be devoured by these bastards or raped. We jumped into the tent, we are waiting. We barely breathe.
After about an hour, the midges disappeared. By this time we had already managed to get wet from the heat and almost suffocated. The fact is that in our tent for 999 RUB there is only one layer and, in theory, its design suggests that it should save more from rain than from tropical heat.The tent coped perfectly with midges, but there were tremendous problems with access to fresh air. In search of a breath of fresh air, a single window was opened, but since it was essentially a piece of gauze cloth, the air did not pass through it much.
After an hour of imprisonment, we slowly began to open the entrance to the tent, trying to make up for the lack of oxygen. Along with oxygen starvation, I was tormented by another question: we are in the tropics, there may be snakes, scorpions, vampire bats, malaria mosquitoes and some other blood-sucking or poisonous shnya, after the bite of which we may not crawl to civilization …Therefore, it would be logical not to open the entrance to the tent to the end and not to fiddle with fate.
Exactly an hour later, we were half naked, lying with our heads on the street, dying from the heat, not giving a damn about the living creatures, which theoretically simply craves to sausage us in the Sanyin palm forest. By this time, we already had the thought: “Shouldn’t we evacuate somewhere to the hostel?” Time passed slowly, from the moment of settling in the tent, only three hours had passed, and the impressions received were already off the charts. Then I remembered the poor fellow Americans who in Vietnam crawled through the jungle for days on end after the Viet Cong – it was much harder for them.But it’s hard for us too, because we lie with our head to the entrance, and this part is a little lower, respectively, the blood inevitably rushes to the head.
After a while, my convulsive thoughts are interrupted by a super idea. Since at this moment we have already quite worn out with this “romance” and we seem to have absolutely nothing to lose in this life, and the thought of evacuation does not leave our tired brains alone, there was a proposal to try the most cardinal way of getting rid of us from the heat in the tent – make a hole in it! Yes, a huge hole on the side of the head, i.e.e. legs. In theory, then the air will have to pass through the tent, we will be able to breathe and theoretically we will not die until morning on this shitty shore.
Even before leaving Sanya, I bought myself a cool folding knife in some shop, with the help of which, as it turned out, the fabric at the tent was cut perfectly. I made a hole about 50×50 centimeters. The air has gone! This is probably the most vivid impression of a trip to Hainan – what a pleasant air here!
Having turned a little, we still fell asleep and would have slept like that until the morning, but this story is not destined to end quickly.At about two o’clock in the morning, a new test awaited us – we were almost eaten by mosquitoes. They drank a liter from Oksa, a glass from me. Since we had foreseen a hole in the tent, and there were no mosquitoes, we had to completely wrap ourselves in a fleece blanket in order to somehow hide from them. It seems to have carried it this time. Well, come on morning, come!
Morning has not come. After some time, the mosquitoes disappeared, but the mosquitoes turned out to be not the main problem. At one point, I woke up from a strong roar. No, this was not a war between the Americans and the Viet Cong.It was a banal thunder from a thunderstorm and lightning all over the sky around, above us, from all sides. It seemed to me the apotheosis of our history. Two tourists who have not slept enough in a tent, in a tropical forest, in a thunderstorm, embracing, look through the holes in the tent at the sparkling lightning, flocks of mosquitoes, snakes, and scorpions around … and suddenly, somewhere along the edge of our cliff, about 3 meters from us a huge rat runs by! AAAA! Guard! Oksik screams! The rat is in a panic! In the meantime, I seem to have guessed who opened the pack of puffed rice last night.
The rat ran away, she was not so huge, but expressive. Like in comics, when a huge rat silhouette is reflected in the reflection of lightning. Having calmed down a bit, we began to wonder how to solve the problem if the rain did cover us, especially since dark clouds inevitably approached our tent. We decided to close the hole with a foam blanket, so as not to leak. Spread it out, tied it up, went to sleep, we think: but interestingly, we are lying in a tent, lightning flashes around, the tent is covered with a foil blanket … won’t lightning kill us?
At about 6 am, Oksa and I woke up.In their heads were about the same remnants of thoughts – it was a complete fuck! In life, we have not been caught in a similar series of stupid events and we do not want to get into it anymore. Probably, it was the most memorable night that we spent in nature, having learned all the hardships of this business. Therefore, as soon as the things were collected, I do not hesitate for a second to throw out the tent in the first place I come across, so as not to repeat this feat a second time during the trip.
What a blah romance!
GENERAL IMPRESSIONS OF HAINAN ISLAND.
What does an ordinary guy like me know about Hainan? Yes, in principle, almost nothing, except that the Hainan skeleton is:
- heat under +33 with humidity up to 95%;
- a warm sea, from which you do not want to leave for hours, with a temperature approximately similar to the temperature of the surrounding air, and even warmer in the evening;
- a huge number of Chinese in inflatable circles, swimming in fenced paddling pools;
- is a great place to take a breath from your trip.
- a place where they like Russian champagne and sell it for 188 RMB (actually, almost 1,900 RUB in our opinion)
And also in Hainan there is a huge hotel that looks like a jellyfish or a flower and is perfectly visible from all sides.
One evening we sat on the shore, watching the changing picture – the hotel turned into a huge video wall, where beautiful and bright pictures were broadcast. Nice and unusual, and if you consider the scale of the illumination – great!
Is it worth going to Hainan specifically to relax on the sea?
Probably not.If only passing or accidentally wandering here. At the current cost of the flight, at current prices for accommodation and food, if it is impossible for a Russian tourist to rent a motorbike (policemen arrest a motorbike, the fine is huge, although you may not be caught, as luck would have it), if there are no alternative forms of entertainment here such as surfing or kiting, I think to go here on purpose is expensive nonsense. Closer there are more interesting and cheaper alternatives.
On the other hand, if the main thing for you in your journey is changing the picture, the opportunity to experience something new, beautiful relaxation, delicious and unusual seafood food, seasoned with Chinese cooking style and Asian flavor, then you should definitely visit this place for collection and compilation. their own idea of \ u200b \ u200bthe vacation on the island of Hainan.
Agree, it’s not very pleasant to go for a romantic walk along the beach somewhere in California or Thailand and be bitten by sand flies. These species live on the coast and bite vacationers, being carriers of various diseases. We will tell you how to get rid of annoying insects, what scientists advise, what to do if you decide to relax on the coast for a couple of days or your home is in an area where they multiply en masse, what means: repellents, traps and dog collars are better to use.
Sand flies Diptera insects are widespread on the coast, near canals, in tropical and subtropical climates. They live in various plant debris – washed ashore or attacked from trees.
Sand flies breed in moist soils in intertidal zones. Also, midges can fly into a human dwelling if it is located on the coast, especially if there is a lot of greenery around. In windy weather you will hardly meet them, but on cloudy calm days they are right there.
In midges, like in mosquitoes, the female bites and eats blood, which provides the necessary substances for the development of eggs. After that, the larvae develop (they must live in a nutrient-rich near-water environment) and finally, adult insects. And so in a circle.
Their bites cause redness and swelling. If the bites are multiple, an allergic reaction may occur.
If you decide to relax on the coast for a couple of days
, then mandatory:
- Use repellents.We will tell you about the most effective ones below.
- Walk directly on wet sand near the water – gnats live in algae washed ashore, dead leaves and other plant debris that accumulates near the water. However, they do not fly to the water itself, so going a little further you will be safe.
- If there are a lot of midges, do not stand still, move around – their wings are small and it is not easy for them to keep up with a person.
- Bathe every 5 minutes.Midges do not sit on wet skin. It dries up a little – they begin to attack.
- Items 1-5 apply to people in swimwear, but if you want to completely protect yourself from midges and are not going to swim, then just put on pants and a long-sleeved shirt. They will not bite their clothes.
- Greasy creams or cosmetic oils can be used; they form a thin film on the skin that the midges cannot bite through.
How to get rid of gnats if your home is in an area where they multiply en masse
If your home is located in places where they breed or nearby, then in order to prevent yourself from being bitten and to ensure yourself a quiet life without gnats, follow the advice of scientists from the University of Florida:
- Remove vegetation from the house, shrubs, trees, on the contrary, can be left.This will reduce the number of insect shelters and increase air flow. Mow lawns on time.
- Install fine nets on all windows, and additionally hang a curtain made of light fabric on the door, and hang a canopy made of fine mesh above the bed.
- Close windows on the leeward side, midges are very light, so it is difficult for them to fly upwind.
- Install ceiling fans in your home to reduce heat and keep gnats out. They rarely bite if there is even a small amount of air flow.
- Do not allow water to flow from hoses after watering or washing the machine. Try not to engage in such activities late at night, when the midges are especially active.
- Pay attention to how the midges in your area behave in relation to the lunar cycle, this species bites most actively several days after the full and new moon. Based on this, plan barbecues on days when they are at their lowest.
- In the early morning and late evening, wear light, long-sleeved clothing and use repellents.
- Use electronic CO2 insect traps.
Best remedies for sand flies
According to scientists from the University of Florida, the main substances that act against sand flies are the same as for other midges and mosquitoes: DEET, Picaridin and Permithrin. We give you the English names of the active substance so that you can buy such funds when you are resting at sea abroad. We have selected the best for you: two for body and face, and one spray for clothes.
In the USA, the most popular are DEET-based repellents (known as DEET in Russia). The best-selling brand on the American Amazon is Repel 100 Insect Repellent. It costs about $ 7.19.
Second Most Popular Picaridin Repellent – Sawyer Products Premium Insect Repellent with 20% Picaridin. This inexpensive but effective $ 8.88 repellent is effective against mosquitoes and ticks for up to 12 hours and promises to provide up to 8 hours of protection from midge bites. It has been used all over the world since 1998 and is most popular in Europe.It is safe for the whole family and will not damage clothes, bags, watches or synthetic fabrics. It is completely safe and has a pleasant citrus scent. If you want to use it together with sunscreen, then first apply the cream and only after 10 minutes – the repellent.
Separately worth a special repellent for clothing with permethrin
– Sawyer Permethrin Clothing Insect Repellent. It costs about $ 14.71 and although it is more expensive than other repellents, it provides protection for up to 6 weeks.The repellent is versatile and will deal not only with midges, but also mosquitoes, ticks and 55 other species of biting insects – making it ideal for both hiking and long outings.
Permethrin is approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), but keep the spray away from cats just in case – it can negatively affect their nervous system. And with the protection of people from midges, the spray has been successfully coping for many years: the uniform of the soldiers of the American army is treated with permethrin.
The repellent is applied directly to the clothes and continues to work even after washing (can be washed 6 times). Unlike DEET, which can damage some fabrics and materials, permethrin can even be used on fabrics such as silk, as well as synthetic and waterproof fabrics (does not affect plastics or trimmings). That is why it can be sprayed not only on clothes, but also on the outside of the tent, backpacks, hammocks, outdoor furniture and mosquito nets. For asthmatics indoors, use the product with caution.
How to protect yourself from midges while you sleep
Protecting yourself is often required not only on the street, but also indoors. In order not to splash sprays everywhere and not to smear with lotions, oils, protect yourself with special canopies on the bed. They start at $ 19. Unlike regular mosquito nets, it has a smaller mesh (225 per square inch) and can even be wrapped under a mattress to keep it in place, even if you toss and turn heavily in your sleep.
Such a net will come in handy not only at home, but also when traveling, especially if you plan to visit an area rich in blood-sucking insects.If you use the canopy outdoors, shake it well after removing it from the mount – it may contain stuck midges that tried to get through the net, but could not. There are special hiking options. Together with the net comes a cord that allows you to fix the canopy on a branch, so that you will have enough free space for a comfortable sleep. The net is made in such a way that the lower part overlaps the bottom under the sleeping mat or bag, which, just in case, will protect you from insects that might get in from below.Such a “physical barrier” is a great option for those who do not like to apply insect repellents to their skin during a night trip.
How to protect your dog from sand flies
Not only people but also pets suffer from annoying insects. Moreover, unlike a person, they cannot get dressed or hide. To protect your pet from mosquito bites, use special collars soaked in repellents. The US Department of Defense recommends the use of deltamethrin collars in its guidelines.
First, Scalibor Protector Band for Dogs
for $ 19.94, provides protection from ticks and fleas for 6 months. It is well regulated and is suitable for adult dogs from 12 months old. But ticks and fleas are not all – it is the Scalibor Protector Band that is recommended for use in those regions where leishmaniasis vectors can bite your dog.
The second collar is a more budgetary analogue of the first one called Salvo Flea & Tick Collar for Dogs 2pk Large
for $ 18.95. It is beneficial that the package contains not one, but two collars at once.
The active ingredient in both collars is Deltamethrin, which causes an allergic reaction in many dogs. The owners who have already purchased such a collar for their pets advise to wear the collar loosely and observe the dog for some time. If the dog becomes lethargic, it is best to remove the collar. Some advise, before putting on a collar on a dog, to ventilate it for 24 hours and only after that put it on.
Natural remedies for sand midge bites
It so happens that you went on vacation and were not ready to meet the midges or you have an allergy to chemical repellents, and you do not want to experience insect bites.For allergy sufferers and young children, natural remedies are suitable.
Both yourself and your child can lubricate open areas of the skin with oily baby oil, this will reduce the number of biting insects, because they have a short mouth apparatus that cannot penetrate the oil film that forms on the skin.
The second option can be a mixture of citronella or lavender oils. And, of course, try to avoid places where gnats accumulate. But here without guarantees, many scientists are skeptical about natural remedies.But you can try, if it doesn’t help, you will always have time to return to proven DEET-based repellents.
Sand midge bites
What to do if the bite could not be avoided?
- Where to stay:
With an eye on the “excursion” – of course, in numerous hotels and pensions, guest houses and hostels in the capital of Portugal, the many-sided Lisbon – here you can find an option for every taste and budget. Sun worshipers are invited to the resorts of the Lisbon Riviera – they are located just 15-30 minutes drive from the capital, so that it is not far from historical monuments and nightclubs.Holidays in Sintra are relaxed and unhurried, surrounded by excellent beaches and ancient attractions. It is easier for surfers to stop right away in Nazar.
- What to see:
In Lisbon – the historical center and the castle of St. George, the oldest district of Alfama, the facades of houses in which are decorated with azulejos tiles, the Cathedral, the Carmo Monastery, the port, the statue of Christ (a copy of the Brazilian one) and majestic palaces. From the Lisbon Riviera, you should go on an excursion to Cape Roca, to the Catholic shrine of Fatima, the ancient towns of Obidos, Coimbra and Evora.Nazare is a must-see for surfers. Here it is worth climbing to the top of Cape Citiu – the views are breathtaking. Must-see of Sintra – Pena Royal Residence and Castle, private palaces, a botanical garden, as well as several interesting museums and galleries.
- You might also be interested in
The architecture and beaches of Croatia are the two main attractions of this country. And if the first “good” in Europe is enough, then with the rest by the sea problems often arise. While it is expensive in France and far away in Spain, the blue sea of Croatia attracts more and more tourists every year.Croatia is becoming an increasingly popular destination for beach holidays, both among European tourists and travelers from the CIS.
The best time for a vacation on the Adriatic coast of Croatia is from mid-June to September. At this time, the sea heats up to + 24 ° C, there is practically no rain, the water is calm and transparent. Are there sandy beaches in Croatia and where are they located? Where to go on vacation with children and what do experienced tourists advise? Find out the answers in our top of the best beaches in Croatia.
It should be noted right away that there are not so many sandy beaches in Croatia and they are located mainly on the islands. But it is still possible to find them.
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The beaches of Croatia are places where tourists who like to combine sightseeing of historical sights and seascapes rest. Get inspired by the photographs of the Adriatic Sea, choose the beach that suits you and set off for the warm waves.Have a nice trip!
More details about the beaches of Croatia – in this video.
The snake, which will be discussed in this article, belongs to the family of vipers, and they, in turn, are considered the crown of the evolution of reptiles and are recognized as the most poisonous snakes in the world. Sandy Efa, despite its beautiful appearance and quite friendly character, is capable of poisoning its opponent with a very strong poison in a matter of seconds, which, even after the introduction of the serum, will remind a bitten person of health problems for the rest of his life.
What does a sandy efa look like
These cold-blooded ones do not differ in their large size, their average body length is 70–75 cm, and individuals more than one meter long are very rare. Males are slightly larger than females. Their body is painted with white spots, and two zigzag lines run along the sides, giving the snake an elegant and unusual look.
There is a drawing on the head that looks like a cross or a bird soaring in the sky. The eyes are large, round in shape, the color of the iris depends on the general color of the scales, the pupil is vertical.The ventral side is light yellow, and the color of the scales can be either golden or brown – the exact color depends on the habitat of the snakes.
The body of the ephae is covered with small and rough scales, some of them grow in the opposite direction and are used by the snake to notify others about its appearance – they emit a special sound, similar to rustling or a kind of rustling.
Did you know?
Sandy Efa is capable of jumping to a height of more than one meter and about three meters in length.The enraged female guarding her nest will rush at the opponent with lightning speed without warning about the attack. That is why snakes are especially dangerous during the mating season.
Is a bite dangerous for humans
Sandy Efa is one of the ten most poisonous snakes on Earth for a reason. Every fifth person bitten by a sandy ephae dies. The toxins contained in its poison have a special effect on the hematopoietic process – they sharply reduce the level of fibrinogen – a special protein responsible for blood clotting.
Without the provision of the necessary assistance, the bitten person will soon begin to severely bleed – from the wound at the site of the bite, nose, ears and even throat. A particular danger is the long wait for the body to react to the poison – death can occur even 40 days after the bite of the ephae.
It should be noted that these snakes prefer to lead a reclusive lifestyle and avoid meeting people. As practice shows, most of the ephae bites were due to a person – the victims either stepped on the reptile or stirred its nest, even if it happened unintentionally.
Efa prefers to hide in thickets of branched shrubs that grow in sandy areas, on the shores of shallow rivers, as well as in areas dominated by loess and clay soils.
This type of poisonous snake is widespread in the deserts of India, northeastern Africa and the arid territories of East Asia and the Arabian Peninsula.
Sand f-holes differ from their congeners by increased activity – they are in constant motion, even after a hearty dinner.The main part of the diet of the sand ephae is made up of various insects – locusts, beetles and centipedes. Adults are not averse to pampering themselves with small rodents, chicks and even small lizards.
One of the main rules of first aid for a poisonous snake bite is to suck the venom from the wound at the site of the bite. This technique significantly reduces the amount of toxins that enter the human blood. But this is only effective in the first ten minutes after the bite.
The snake goes hunting at nightfall, however, it is not uncommon to meet it during the day.
True, on especially hot days, she does not leave her hole, preferring to move in the cool night. With a slight drop in temperature in winter, they can easily overwinter without hibernation.
The most accurate expression defining the essence of Kemer will be “popular Turkish resort”. To attract tourists, locals are diligently improving service and developing infrastructure.There are more and more tourists every year, entertainment is becoming more diverse. In the high season on the beaches of Kemer, there is nowhere for an apple to fall.
If you go from Antalya to the southwest, in about an hour you will find yourself in Kemer, located at a distance of 42 km. This very small town has an ancient history and is referred to in historical documents as the Lycian city of Idairos. One of the names of the town of Eskikey is translated as Old Village. It is clear that in ancient times the town could not boast of its scale or large population.
It is still small today, a little more than twenty thousand people permanently live here. But with the beginning of the tourist season, Kemer comes to life, meeting numerous tourists and no less numerous seasonal workers who are needed to serve the army of vacationers who occupied the beaches of Kemer. At this time, the population of the town increases several times.
The name “Kemer” means “belt”. The village is surrounded by a stone wall, erected in 1917, which protects the city from mudflows.Back in the middle of the last century, a tourist who decided to go here from Antalya had only horse-drawn transport at his disposal. Yes, and there was no particular abundance of tourists in these parts then. The boom began in the 1990s and is a legitimate reason for the construction of roads and tunnels that are constantly being upgraded to make travel as safe as possible.
Nature and beaches
No matter how small Kemer has grown, it is not able to accommodate everyone who wants it. For vacationers, the doors of hotels and inns in the villages surrounding Kemer and included in its resort area are cordially open.These are Beldibi, Chamyuva, Goynuk, Kirish and Tekirova.
Turkey’s traditional Mediterranean climate is softened by the mountains adjacent to the coast, so the heat here is never as draining as in Antalya. And the fragrance of numerous pine trees fills the air with a pleasant and healthy aroma.
Since the hotels are located on the first line, each of them has its own comfortable beach. Almost all local beaches are strewn with pebbles, and the water near the coast is delightfully clear.Especially for lovers of warm sand, a sandy beach was poured, but in the sea near the coast, vacationers will find all the same pebbles.
The European Community assigns the BLUE FLAG characteristic only to very clean coasts. It is nice to know that the beaches in Kemer have received this high honor.
Kemer Beaches Overview
This is one of the most popular holiday destinations in the city. A huge beach, which can accommodate thousands of tourists at the same time.Every year, guests from all over the world come here to admire the local beauty and relax on the seashore. The beach is conveniently located, it is convenient to get here, so in good weather it can be quite crowded here.
The beach is well equipped, there is everything you need to relax comfortably. The territory has showers, changing areas and toilets. There is a huge selection of entertainment for beach guests. Adults and children ride catamarans, go on boat trips on boats and small boats.For children, there are inflatable water slides and a playground. For adults, parachute jumping, diving and sailing are offered. You can rent a yacht and arrange a whole sea adventure, admire the scenery and breathe in the sea air.
In the evenings, life does not subside here either. There are numerous cafes and restaurants serving a wide range of local dishes. Almost every evening, merry parties and discos are held here. You can come here both with friends and with children, they also dance with pleasure to the fiery music.
The beach is perfect for those who prefer to have fun on vacation. During the day, you can relax on the beach all day, have fun with water sports, and spend evenings in the company with music that does not stop until the morning. For couples with children, it is better to choose a quieter place where there is no such crowds and a more relaxed atmosphere.
A great place to stay if you come to Kemer and find that 90% of the beaches are pebbly, but dreamed of walking on soft sand.Indeed, most of the beaches in the city consist of small pebbles, sand is very rare here and is found mainly in luxury hotels, where sandy beaches have been artificially created.
This is one of the rare beaches where you can find not only pebbles, but also sand. That is why this place is so fond of tourists, and every year hundreds of tourists from different countries of the world rest here. They tried to create all conditions for the guests of the beach so that the rest would be pleasant and comfortable and will be remembered for a lifetime.On the beach, you can rent a comfortable sun lounger and umbrella, which will save you from the midday sun. There are toilets and showers, changing places.
Vacationers here are offered a large selection of various beach activities. This is a boat ride, on which you can go on an excursion and see a large number of sights of the city, and a walk along the coast on a catamaran. More athletic tourists who prefer active entertainment have the opportunity to jump with a parachute and do water sports.
The beach has a gentle entrance to the water, the sea near the coast is always clean and warm. This allows you to come here with children who are happy to splash around the shore. Sometimes there are small pebbles, so it is advisable to stock up on special shoes for swimming in advance.
There are cafes and restaurants on the beach where you can have a tasty snack and refresh yourself with cold drinks. In the evenings, discos are held in some bars; young people like to spend time here in the company of friends.
A special feature of this place are citrus trees that grow right on the beach and create a pleasant atmosphere with a special air. On a hot day, you can relax in the shade of the trees and admire the local nature. The beach is great for families with children, young people and older tourists.
Kemer Hotels with Sandy Beach
It should be said right away that in Kemer sandy beaches are very rare, because they are created artificially.But even here, those tourists who like to walk on the soft sand can find a suitable beach. It is important to note that the entrance to the water will be pebble anyway, so it is advisable to bring special swimming shoes.
One of these artificial sandy beaches was created at the Garden Resort Bergamot Hotel 4 *. This is the hotel’s own beach, so there are no strangers here. It is located at some distance from the beach, but it can be conveniently reached by a free shuttle bus that brings guests in the morning and takes them back to the hotel in the evening.It runs every half hour, so you don’t have to worry that you won’t get to the beach. Travel time for the loan is only about 5 minutes.
The beach is well equipped, there is everything you need for a comfortable stay. The beach area is quite large, so every vacationer can easily find a cozy place for himself. The beach is equipped with sun loungers and umbrellas, there are showers, toilets and changing areas.
There is a bar on the territory where you can have a tasty snack, try local cuisine or just sit with soft drinks and admire the sea.
A characteristic feature of this place is that alcohol is not sold on the beach.
There is also a wide range of entertainment for adults and young guests of the hotel. There is a playground for children, where kids enjoy riding and playing attractions. Adults can play beach volleyball and table tennis. If you are tired of outdoor games, you can comfortably sit in the shade and play chess.
The beach is perfect for both youth groups and older holidaymakers.Couples with children will also have a great time at this beach.
Beach RIXOS SUNGATE 5 *
Another sandy beach that belongs to the RIXOS SUNGATE 5 * hotel. This is an excellent place for recreation for any category of tourists, it has all the necessary conditions for a pleasant stay.
The beach is well equipped, comfortable sun loungers and parasols are available to hotel guests, and you will not have to pay for them. Towels are also available free of charge.The beach has toilets, changing cabins, and comfortable shower rooms.
The beach has its own bar where you can have a snack and drink cool drinks, the bar is free for hotel guests. There is a large selection of entertainment for adults and children.
Little tourists spend time on the playground, ride the rides. Adults can enjoy water sports, parachute jumping and catamaran rides along the coast.
This beach is a convenient place for families with children, so there are many couples with kids.Youth companies also come here to have fun in a comfortable resort and have a good rest.
Entertainment and Attractions
Kemer is organized under the motto: “Everything for the convenience of tourists.” Tired of splashing around in the sea and wallowing on the beach? Welcome to the sculptured promenade, the picturesque harbor or shady parks. On the pedestrian street Liman, numerous bars, shops and restaurants await visitors, which are open until the last tourist leaves the street, i.e.That is, practically around the clock.
Carnivals and festivals are held here, nightclubs invite you to “foam” parties, and Tarkan’s fans may well get to his incendiary concert, because this popular singer often tours the coast during the season. For lovers of the sea, there will be an interesting program in the dolphinarium and a small water park. In hot hammams, you can find excellent masseurs.
Kemer bazaars are distinguished by a truly oriental flavor and variety.On Monday, at the food bazaar, which is located immediately after the post office, you can stock up on fruits, vegetables, herbs, yoghurts, spices, cheeses, nuts, dried fruits, etc. for the rally. Like shops, bazaars are open all day long, because here, as elsewhere in Kemer, everything is arranged for the convenience of tourists.
90,000 nature from the Red Book comes, bites and tramples
Russian oceanologists are pleasantly shocked because, as A.Agafonov, they did not appear here since pre-Napoleonic times after unlimited commercial extermination. In particular, in this zoo, fishing was prohibited for all, except for the same endangered “small peoples of the North”, the total number of which is up to 0.2 million, ie. does not exceed the population of a small regional center. To sharpen the public’s attention, a number of eco-organizations (World Wildlife Fund, Council for Marine Mammals) even established Walrus Day on November 24 10 years ago.
Of course, it was not only fishing that killed walruses, but industrial waste and garbage dumped into the ocean.In addition, melting ice and general warming are forcing walruses and other pinnipeds to migrate to areas that were previously unacceptable to them. Here, neither the ban on trades, nor even the Day of the Walrus will save. But as we can see, nature knows how to self-repair at the slightest chance.
This walrus is clearly not planning to die out
It cannot, however, be said that such migrations of newly discovered walruses greatly delight the people living there or working scientists. Lenta.ru reported in March that “a curious walrus interfered with the work of residents of the Sabetta shift camp, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.He emerged from the ice hole, which they made to measure the sediment of the silt, and several times tried to crawl out onto the ice. And if in Russia now they have appeared in rather sparsely populated places, then in the United States in the spring they created problems for local residents. A May report from the Associated Press reported that 200 walruses gathered right on the beach in Port Heiden, and soon over a thousand were spotted 30 km away. Despite the fact that earlier more than two they “did not hang out” here.
US Fish and Wildlife Service Biologist J.Garlichmiller said that they had previously swam for years to the coast of Bristol – 200 km north of the unfortunate Port Heiden. Now, perhaps, they will look for new food niches in its vicinity, which is unlikely to please the residents. Because they shout loudly, they are aggressive, and their tusks reach a meter in length.
The growth of walrus populations was noted by other witnesses. In February, tourists on the Norwegian island. Svalbard spotted a walrus who drove away a polar bear with a bear cub. According to US News, in the fall of 2017, 64 young (up to 1 year old) walruses died in a stampede on the coast of Alaska near the village of Point Lay.They were crushed during the stampede of walruses, probably due to the passage of ships, airplanes, hunters, etc. In total, thousands of walruses come there, and their total number there reaches 40 thousand.
Walruses around USA
In general, walruses have become more active in the North. And in the south crocodiles and elephants began to misbehave. On December 2, in Brazil, an alligator went for a walk in the streets. And at the same time he attacked a man, though after he tried to catch a crocodile.The Brazilian fell, but the crocodile did not even think to run away, but held him tightly. Passers-by came to the rescue and began to unclench their jaws with a stick, as we do to obstinate pit bulls. The crocodile did not give in at first, but then opened his jaws and let his mouth be tied. Then he was taken to the nearest reservoir and released. By the way, it was not the first time he crawled out into the streets there. Considering that the would-be catcher got off with scratches (and the crocodile, if desired, can bite his hand without problems), we can conclude that the alligator is quite smart and just taught the impudent a lesson.
Photo: from a local resident’s mobile, Lenta.ru
In the American state of Florida, another extreme fed crocodiles, and then decided to fly over them in a bungee. It turned out that this was not the first time he (like other extreme sportsmen) did this, imitating movie heroes and filming the moment. But he, apparently, turned out to be thicker than the norm, and the bungee broke off, and the unfortunate tarzan fell into the pool with reptiles. He stayed alive.
Crocodiles sometimes have fun like this – attacking people
A less pleasant thing happened in African Zimbabwe. There, a crocodile climbed into the hotel, slipped into the pool with a bathing couple and … attacked them! The man quickly got out of the water and boldly gave advice to the struggling girl, until another resident scared off the crocodile and helped her get out of the water.
And in Australia, a freshwater crocodile attacked a teenager bathing in a pond and bit him. But this is not the worst thing that happens to crocodiles in Australia. For example, 2 years ago, a crocodile dragged a woman bathing at night into the sea.It was at Daintree National Park when two women decided to go swimming. A friend tried to save the unfortunate woman (and got cuts on her hands), but … the missing woman is still looking for. And even earlier, in 2014, a crocodile attacked a 12-year-old boy in the Kakadu National Park when five children were swimming in the Madzhela River. He dragged the boy away, and the rescuers then found only the remains of the child.
2 years ago in Indonesia, a crocodile ate to death a Russian tourist diver. At the same time, an elderly Russian tourist in Thailand died while diving.Maybe crocodiles are to blame here too …
But it is not only crocodiles that disturb tourists and locals. Elephants and even … cows can gore or trample to death! Thus, a 36-year-old Scottish tourist was trampled by an elephant in Thailand in 2016. He and his 13-year-old daughter were riding on the back of an elephant, and the driver decided to take a photo (apparently at the request of the tourist). The elephant knocked down the driver with a blow of a tusk, then threw off the Scotsman and began to trample. The daughter “did not suffer seriously”, so to speak … It turns out that the elephant had a mating season, at this time they are not used for entertainment.But the drivers do not always observe this … Tourists also die from the attacks of a herd of elephants – as happened to an American tourist in 2014, in the Thai national park Kaeng.
Elephant trekking is a popular but dangerous attraction in Asia
There are no elephants, walruses and crocodiles in Europe, as well as scorpions, centipedes and other terrible ecosystem neighbors. So people here seem to be safer. But there are similar troubles in our latitudes. So, in 2015The Daily Mail reported the death of a German tourist trampled by a herd of cows in the Swiss Alps. The woman decided to go to the pasture, returning to the gondola lift station from the restaurant. An old lady of 77 years old decided to take a risk and climbed over the safety fence in a field with grazing cows. By the way, the fence was also energized, that is, everyone was warned about the customs of local cows. The dying woman was later discovered by the peasants. A year earlier, not far from the Alps, cows trampled two more curious women, and a third escaped with back injuries.It is believed that cows attack to protect the calves, since people, in their understanding, love to take them away forever.
In Ukraine, according to local newspapers, deaths from rabid animal bites were recorded. There are, however, a few dangerous stinging insects. According to the descriptions of the newspaper “Segodnya”, the most dangerous-stinging creature in the European part of the CIS is the bumblebee – but it is not very aggressive, and there is no verified information about the people bitten and killed by it. But there are still hornets …
Stinging in Ukraine and Russia
This year, at least two deaths – in the Chernigov and Dnepropetrovsk regions, due to accidental collisions with hornet nests.As you know, 1 bite is fatal for a child, for an adult from 2-3 bites of these huge wasps. Awakened in the nests, they swoop in and sting the “offender” by dozens, even crawling under the clothes – then it is impossible to save a person. This happened in the Chernihiv region, when a local female doctor was bitten right in the car while driving along a forest road with her husband. They were simply trying to move a large, half-rotten tree that was obstructing the road from the road …
By the way, in the summer hornets fly freely wherever they want in the settlements of Ukraine, and it is easy to meet them together with flies and wasps in places where food wastes accumulate.And they make nests not only in forests, but also in forest plantations, wastelands and even attics of abandoned summer cottages.
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90,000 10 small, but very dangerous creatures
Every day, scientists have to deal with new types of creatures, each of which amazes with its skills and abilities.But if some already by their appearance alone warn of danger, then there are those who at first glance seem quite cute and harmless. It is worth remembering, however, that in nature, first impressions can be deceiving. For example, playful Canadian otters, feeling a threat, may well attack a person, and a puffer fish can easily kill a person with one touch of its thorn. We invite you to get acquainted with some more small and at the same time deadly creatures on Earth.
1. Terrible leaf climber
Leaf climbers are frogs, which can be recognized by their bright color, which can be red, yellow, blue and even ink-black. These tiny creatures, the size of which does not exceed the size of a thumb on a human hand, seem to warn with their poisonous color about the danger posed by them.
These frogs are endemic to the rainforest from Brazil to Peru. Local tribes have been using their poison for millennia, collecting it from the skin of a frog.By moistening the tips of their arrows with poison, the natives receive a deadly weapon capable of killing both large animals and humans.
Going on a trip to the Brazilian Atlantic forest, you should be very careful, as a meeting with a leaf climber may well be fatal for you.
2. Irukandji jellyfish
These small box jellyfish can be found in coastal waters off many coasts from northern Australia to Florida. But do not succumb to their fabulous and mesmerizing appearance, since in fact these creatures are deadly.Each tentacle contains a toxin that is 100 times more potent than a cobra’s venom and 1,000 times worse than a tarantula’s venom.
These tiny creatures, only one cubic centimeter in size, shoot poison at their victims, and at first they may not even feel that they have been bitten. After about half an hour, the victim begins to experience severe headaches, nausea, abdominal pain, and sweating. If you do not start treatment immediately, then a heart attack will follow. No antidote has been found to date.
3. Palestinian yellow scorpion
This scorpion species, endemic to North Africa, is also found in the Middle East. Some people keep these creatures, which are only eight centimeters long, as exotic pets. But despite their size, these scorpions are considered the most deadly scorpions in the world. Their venom is the most toxic in the world, and the bite of a Palestinian scorpion leads to anaphylactic shock and death from fluid accumulation in the lungs.
4. Blue-ringed octopus
This cute at first glance creature with beautiful shimmering rings on its skin is deadly. Often, this species of octopus can be found in shallow waters and among the coral reefs of the eastern part of the Indo-Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Japan and southern Australia. Some tourists, without thinking about the consequences, try to stroke this creature and even take it in their hands. This could end up with the octopus biting the victim and releasing a neurotoxin that is 1200 times more potent than cyanide.
Despite their small size, some spiders feed on birds and even snakes. In Australia, New Zealand, Belgium and Japan, there are red-back spiders, the length of which does not exceed 1 centimeter. Their venom is a mixture of neurotoxins that can cause a lot of trouble for the victim.
6. Tsetse fly
With its syringe-like proboscis, the Tsetse fly is capable of transmitting various diseases between species through biological blood transfer and mechanical contact.It is to this insect only 1 centimeter long that we owe the spread of African trypanosomiasis, which annually takes the lives of 250-300 thousand people.
Surely everyone at least once in his life faced this scourge, which often gets into the house thanks to pets. These small creatures can not only cause unpleasant sensations at the bite sites, but in ancient times were the main distributors of the bubonic plague.
8. Pfeffer cuttlefish
This cephalopod lives off the coast of Australia, the Philippines, New Guinea and Malaysia. Its dimensions do not exceed 8 centimeters in length, but this does not prevent this species of cuttlefish from being a brave predator, attracting prey with its ability to instantly change its color. The neurotoxin produced by this cuttlefish is as strong as the poison of the blue-ringed octopus.
9. Cone snail
Oddly enough, even snails can be poisonous.A cone snail can be found among the reefs, and a kind of tooth is hidden under their shell, which the snail shoots like a harpoon. The tooth contains a strong enough poison that can easily kill a grown man. With this harpoon, the cone snail can easily pierce gloves and diving suits, so divers need to be very careful while diving.
10. Negleria Fowler
This free-living amoeba is found in fresh warm waters, soil and swimming pools that are not treated with chlorine.Negleria Fowler can cause primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, which can be fatal.
A big crocodile walked along the street / Lifestyle / Nezavisimaya gazeta
Keeping a wild animal at home is a dangerous whim
Little lion cubs are adorable, but they look strange in the interior of the apartment. Photo by Reuters
Not so long ago, the fate of the crocodile and piranhas, who were looking for the caring hands of their current owner, were discussed on social networks.All of them – both the owner and the living creatures – do not live in the wilds of the Amazon or the countless lakes of American Florida, but in our native middle zone.
Personal crocodile! And personal piranhas! Probably the creatures needed in the economy …
During my childhood, the whole country was shocked by the tragedy of the Berberov family. The maintenance of the lion’s house led to an attack on family members and the death of the eldest son.
Domestic lion, wow! Then – an isolated case, today – a common, ordinary situation.That is, not an ordinary one, of course, but not an isolated one. Whoever is not being turned on, bought or sold now!
Why would someone in the house (in the family) have a crocodile? Or piranhas? Or any other predator? Some kind of logic would be in the complete set of a personal zoo: a tiger, lion, bear, elephant, and so on – for the joy of oneself and, let’s say, for the benefit of people, but here something is completely different! Just a crocodile and piranhas to boot. Or just a tiger (panther, scorpion, lonely lion, “funny” bear – there are plenty of options).What is this, just a whim?
Maybe it came from childhood? From Korney Ivanovich: “Suddenly, my good, my beloved crocodile was meeting. He walked along the alley with Totosha and Kokosha … ”Suppose it sunk into the soul of a child, he grew up, earned some money, but the image of a crocodile walking along the alley remained just an image. A dream. At some point, there was enough money for a crocodile. The desired beast became a property – life is good.
|More and more similar signs appear in Russian zoos.Photo by Galina Shatillo|
Maybe everything was wrong? And not Korney Ivanovich, but Shainsky, Plyatskovsky and Oleg Popov, beloved by the Soviet children, with their perky song suggested to some “well-wisher” how to punish with a gift: “They gave me a squirrel, a beetle and a tit, they gave me a hare, a hedgehog and an owl. And my apartment may well turn into a zoo, the apartment in which I live. ”
Well, let’s say, they donated, but not a hare or a squirrel, but a tiger or a bear (a crocodile with piranhas), even though the man had never dreamed of any fanged and toothed ones.This “happiness” itself fell on him and settled in his possessions. Time passed, the beast settled down, the family reconciled itself – and soon it generally became akin to its smaller brothers, and it no longer made sense to give them somewhere, and it was simply a pity.
Or maybe this eternal French pilot-storyteller, writer, philosopher, artist is to blame. As I taught with my book in childhood, so reflection prevails in consciousness. Maybe, maybe …
Or maybe this is the beginning, preparation for something upcoming, big (after all, after us, as you know, even a flood), and each creature just did not pick up a couple yet.But you always want to be saved. And in this case, those who have not fangs in their mouths, but sabers, not claws, but cutting hooks, will not interfere in reserve. Birds-bunnies, cats-dogs, donkeys-cows, hens-ducks are not uncommon. But go find the predators right away! They will be disassembled instantly in their oceanic “arks” by those that are more successful, nimble and richer. Therefore, it is better to stock up on such a rarity in advance so that you do not bite your elbows later.
Or maybe it is not the French pilot with his “Little Prince” who is to blame, but the son of an English professor born in India with this eternal “you and I of the same blood”? Who knows who and how grew up, in which pack of wolves learned the law of the jungle? What banderlog did you get to? And maybe your domestic predator is the focus of all past grievances, and his enclosure (cage, aquarium, ditch) is one big personal victory.Over whom, over what – you can guess endlessly.
Still, the question “why?” still remains. What are all these (or others, other owners, in other houses) cannibalistic predators? Signs of power? Intimidation options? Success rates? A reason for pride, and maybe for boasting (after all, some are still boys at fifty or sixty years old)? I do not know. And I’m not sure if the owners themselves know the answer.
In advanced countries, many rich (and even the poor) also have their own personal predators.They are followed by a queue, and sometimes there is a serious competitive selection for the right of ownership. But all this personal animal does not live in personal zoos at all. The owners own them only conditionally, although they donate regularly for their maintenance by no means conditional funds. And you can boast of living dangerous property by presenting a certificate of ownership. Or directly at the zoo, letting the one who wants to present the “personal” animal to the sign with his name on the pet’s aviary or cage.
Many animals in our country live with their bipeds by inertia.Rather, the two-legged by inertia contain them, once without thinking or succumbing to a fashionable fad. Well, there is. They are even looked after – in the sense of being looked after, given food, vaccinated, treated. But sometimes the “animals” get bored. They just get bored and that’s it. Like an old thing, like a too long series, like a favorite food that suddenly becomes tasteless … When dogs get bored, they are taken, as a rule, away from home and left (this is the “noble” name for this betrayal), given “to guard”, “accidentally” forget somewhere. And then wild flocks appear in the cities.It is very difficult to understand whether they are wolves or still dogs, when a brutal (literally and figuratively) pack rushes to its future victim. At best, repeatedly bitten, at worst perished in torment. But these are just dogs. Imagine bored and abandoned (or escaped) crocodiles swimming in city ponds, vipers thrown into quarries, piranhas washed down the toilet, tigers released into the forest, but accustomed to human voices and ready-made food, bears crawling out of hated cages, lynxes , tamed, but “freed from captivity” … I would not want to meet such a living creature.
I hope that the children (mine, strangers, any) will read the correct books, draw the necessary conclusions and, before “starting” someone, will understand and learn that we are actually responsible for those we have tamed. And then the “big crocodile” or some other wild animal will not walk down the street.
90,000 water strider and smoothie. Description of what they eat, photos, videos and other interesting facts about these insects
Giant water bug August 31st, 2017
This biting creeping creature has the Latin name Belostomatidae.The giant water bug is found all over the world, especially in the Americas, East Asia and Northern Australia. In different parts of the world it is called differently – but all nicknames are equally creepy. This water bug is carnivorous, preying on crustaceans, fish and even aquatic reptiles. When faced with people, they pretend to be dead. If that doesn’t work, they can bite, penetrating the flesh and injecting their saliva. It is one of the most painful bites in the world, although it poses no medical threat.In Thailand, such beetles are street food and a delicious treat fried in a spicy sauce.
Let’s find out more about them:
We’ve all heard about bedbugs and the fact that some of them smell terrible, while others feed on human blood, such as a bed bug. This is indeed the case. What do you say when you learn that bugs up to 15 centimeters in length live in the world? True, they will not climb into bed to you, but while swimming in the pond they can accidentally snatch. These are giant water bugs.
These giants live in tropical countries, for example, in South America, East Asia (India), Southeast Asia (Thailand), and representatives of this family are also found in North America (for example, Florida), where local residents gave them their name – “Alligator ticks”. Typically, they can be encountered in freshwater bodies of water and streams.
Giant water bugs can reach a length of 15 centimeters. They belong to the family of belostomatids, which differs from the species of other families in that their hind legs are designed for swimming, not walking.The forelegs are strong, large and somewhat shorter than the others. At their ends there are hooks that look like claws. They serve as an excellent tool for capturing and holding prey.
Adults cannot breathe underwater, so they often rise to the surface to take a breath of air. Their respiratory organs are 2 breathing tubes located on the abdomen. But they hardly protrude beyond its end or are completely hidden.
Giant water bugs are real predators.For their size and prey, the appropriate one is needed – fish fry, tadpoles, insects, salamanders, amphibians, snails and even small fish. They wait for their prey, being motionless and fixed on a stone or water plant. When the prey swims very close, the bugs grab it with their front paws and pull it to the mouth opening.
With the help of the proboscis, they inject saliva into the victim’s body, which has a paralyzing effect and very quickly liquefies its insides.Then the bug eats (sucks) the resulting mushy mass.
Studying giant water bugs in their natural habitat – in rice fields, the scientist discovered how the insect ate the Chinese three-keeled turtle. Note that the turtles of this species grow on average up to 17 cm.
Giant water bugs can fly, but they do not do it so often – only when they move to a new body of water or when they are attracted by the light of night lights. Because of this, they received another name “electric-light bugs” (“electric light bugs”).In humans, these bugs most often bite their feet or toes while swimming. For a person, this bite will not cause harm, but it will be quite painful.
In cases where bedbugs collide with a larger enemy, including a person, they go for tricks. They pretend to be dead, and when the “threat” gets close enough, the insect releases liquid into it from the anus.
In spring, many large pale gray or brown eggs can be seen on the backs of bugs from the family Belostomatidae.Males act as nannies for their offspring. After each mating, the female lays 1-4 eggs on the elytra. And the male can carry a clutch of up to 100 eggs. This means that a pair of giant water bugs can mate up to 30 times before all the required number of eggs are on the daddy’s back.
With such “luggage” he walks about 10 -12 days. During this entire period, he shows the most real paternal care for his offspring. The male periodically raises them above the water surface.These air baths prevent the formation of fungus and keep the eggs alive. Sometimes he makes swaying movements that increase the diffusion of oxygen in the masonry.
In the countries of Southeast Asia, especially in Thailand, these beetles can be tasted in local restaurants or buy a fried delicacy right on the street.
There are about forty thousand species of bedbugs.A person encounters them everywhere: in the country, in the city and, unfortunately, even at home. Some bugs live in the grass, others dig holes in the ground, and there are those that prefer reservoirs. What kind of water bugs are there and are they dangerous to humans?
Species of water bugs
Water bugs live most often in stagnant or slowly flowing water. They live in one way or another in all existing climatic zones. Nature created them to regulate the population of smaller insects.They are prey for fish and birds.
The following types are distinguished:
- water striders;
- paddle boats;
- water scorpions;
In general, this insect species is considered safe for humans. However, if touched, they can bite. Let’s get to know the representatives in more detail in order to know a possible enemy.
Water striders – sliding on water
Water striders are small (up to one centimeter) elongated bugs.They live in lakes, rivers and even puddles. These insects do not drown. They move by sliding on the surface of the water, some can fly. Plants they jump over. The water strider has three pairs of legs: the front pair is needed to grab food and select the speed of movement. The middle pair is used for walking. The hind legs help to choose the direction of movement and turns, and are also needed for jumping.
Water striders have good eyesight and transmit information by vibrating the water surface.
They feed on larvae and small invertebrates. Large individuals lay eggs on plant leaves throughout the summer, placing them in one row with the help of a mucous substance.
The clutch is sometimes like a string, which can hold up to 50 eggs. With the onset of cold weather, they move under the bark, stumps and moss.
Smoothies – chirping bugs
Gladyshe – small bugs, up to one and a half centimeters in length. The body is shaped like a boat. The color makes these insects invisible to fish.They prefer to dwell in stagnant waters. They move through the water with their belly upward, so that it is more convenient to grab the victim. The smoothie, like the water strider, has three pairs of legs. The rear ones help to quickly overcome obstacles. They can fly in search of food. Birds often do not notice this insect, as it resembles a plant from a height of flight. Smoothies feed on other insects and even fish fry: they inject digestive juice into the victim’s body and then suck out the insides. They cannot stay in water for a long time, they need air.And just at this moment they can be eaten. They lay eggs in plant tissues. Moving away from danger, they can dive to a depth and stay there for about 7-8 minutes.
In winter they live under the bark, in the forest floor.
Rowers – active all year round
Rowing bugs are small and medium-sized bugs (from seven millimeters to two centimeters), living in shallow water and in reservoirs with reeds. They keep in flocks. They hunt invertebrates and larvae, some species are herbivores. They can fly.
Rowers are active in winter, so they often come across when fishing in ice holes.
Water Scorpions – Tail Breather
Water scorpions are medium bugs (from 2.5 to 4.5 centimeters) that prefer to live in stagnant waters and overgrown reservoirs, as they swim poorly and move slowly. Grasping legs in front and an elongated breathing tube in the back make these insects look like scorpions, and because of their immobility, such bugs are often mistaken for a fallen leaf.They can stay under water for up to 30 minutes. Noticing the victim, they attack it with a sharp jump, grab it with the front “pincers” and suck out the insides. The bite of a water scorpion is painful.
In spring, large eggs are laid with thorn-like breathing tubes inside plants and other organic matter. They wait out the winter in autumn leaves, moss, under bark, etc.
Belostomy – giant bugs
Belostomy reach up to seventeen centimeters in size. The forelimbs are like the claws of a scorpion.Found in the tropics and temperate climates. Can hunt fish, frogs, snakes and even turtles.
Belostomy saliva contains a poisonous substance that immobilizes the victim.
Sensing danger, they pretend to be dead, exuding an unpleasant odor. Belostomy is a delicacy in Asia.
Tastes like fried shrimp.
Photo Gallery: What Water Bugs Look Like
The water strider glides through the water at incredible speed
In case of danger, the smoothie pretends to be dead or releases a substance with an unpleasant odor
Rowers make sounds like grasshoppers
Water scorpions grab the victim with the front pair of legs, on which the pincers are located
Belostomy females lay eggs on the back of the male until there are about a hundred of them
Are bites dangerous
If during bathing you accidentally touch a bug, then he may consider it a threat, and then the bite cannot be avoided.In Russia, water striders, smoothies and rowers are widespread, and only the bite of a smoothie can cause unpleasant sensations.
When bitten, the insect introduces protein, so the wound does not heal for a long time.
The damaged area will swell, redden and itch. For early healing, it can be treated with brilliant green. To relieve itching, various mosquito bite ointments are suitable. The poison only causes painful sensations, but in fact it does no harm to a person.
No infections are transmitted with a water bug bite either.
Water Strider Life – Video
Water bugs are insects that do not pose a great danger to humans. A water bug bite is unlikely, harmless, and slightly uncomfortable.
Water bugs are common insects, they are found in many latitudes. Here you can see water striders or smooth bed bugs. In Southeast Asia, South Africa in the North of America, there is a giant water bug reaching a size of ten centimeters. Insects are predators, they feed on larvae of flies, mosquitoes, tadpoles and fish fry, small crustaceans.Let’s talk about them in more detail.
Families of water bugs
Water bugs, as evidenced by Wikipedia, have dozens of species. All of them are predators, their main food is insect larvae, crustaceans. The mouth apparatus of water bugs is piercing-sucking. They pierce the victim’s chitinous shell, let digestive juices into it, then suck out the half-etched liquid. Insects themselves often become food for fish or birds. Bed bugs live in stagnant fresh water bodies, some swim well and fly well.Water bugs belong to the order of hemiptera. There are six known families of these insects:
- Water striders
- Giant water bugs
In our area, water striders and smoothies are most often found. Insects are not dangerous for humans. Although, if you take a bug in your hand, it will bite painfully. They themselves do not attack people, they prefer to flee, or throw out a fetid liquid to scare away.Bed bugs hunt for prey, waiting on the stalk of an underwater plant or looking for it in the water column. Some species fly in the dark to find a suitable food-rich body of water. The bug can settle anywhere, even in a barrel of water near the house.
The smooth water bug lives in ponds, lakes and other bodies of stagnant water. Its body is smooth, streamlined, shaped like a boat. The front legs are adapted to grip and hold prey. The hind ones play the role of “oars”.They are disproportionately large in comparison with other limbs, covered with elastic bristles. The smoothie rakes up water with its paws and moves quickly. The insect swims upside down, this allows it to control the surface of the water, to catch the larvae and insects that live there.
The eyes of the smoothie are large, they provide the bug with a wide view. The wings are well developed, the smoothie is able to carry out long flights from one reservoir to another. The light of a lamp or a fire attracts a bug, therefore it is often seen next to a human dwelling.The wings are painted in light colors, this allows the water bug to camouflage. Fish do not notice the light color from the bottom. The abdomen of the smooth, on the contrary, is dark, it masks it from birds, since it is not noticeable against the background of the black bottom of the reservoir.
The oral apparatus of the smoothie is piercing and sucking. He pierces the body of his victim and sucks out its contents. It bites a bug and people, if you take it in your hand or inadvertently press it. The bite is painful, it is not for nothing that the smoothie is called a water bee in German. The bug lays eggs under water, at the base of algae and other plants.The larvae hatch after two weeks, sometimes faster. They are exact copies of their parents, after four molts they turn into adults.
Who did not notice bugs on the surface of reservoirs in the summer, which glide along the water surface, like skaters on ice. These are water strider bugs, another predator insect. If the smoothie can swim, then the water strider uses the law of surface tension of the liquid for movement. The front legs of the bug are short, suitable for grasping prey and balance.The middle and rear ones are long, on them the insect glides along the water, like on snow on skis. On the limbs and torso of water striders there are many small villi, inside which air bubbles are trapped. If you try to drown a water bug, it will float up again, as an air capsule will surround it under water.
There are about 700 species of this family, they live on all continents. We have 3 types widespread:
- Large water strider, up to 1.7 cm long, the largest representative of the species in our area
- The water strider is slow, rod-shaped, lives in Siberia, has an elongated shape, a narrow body.
- Pond water strider with beautiful variegated legs (you can verify this by looking at the photo).
Water striders live in reservoirs with stagnant water or slow currents. Some species fly, move from one habitat to another. But most water striders are wingless, they live all their lives in one body of water. They feed on small insects and larvae. Eggs are laid under water, larvae and nymphs do not differ in appearance from their parents, only slightly smaller in size. To become an adult, insects undergo 4 molts.
Swim & Boaters
Water bugs fusions and rowers are found slightly less frequently than the previous two species. They are the same predators, they hunt larvae and crustaceans. Plavts swim well, although not as fast as smooth ones. Their body is short, flat and wide, painted brown on top, and a light olive shade below. The bug swims, in contrast to the smoothie, with its belly down. The forelegs are short and serve to capture prey. The hind ones are swimming, long. The entire body and limbs are covered with villi that trap air.Under water, an air chamber is created around the insect, which keeps it, makes it possible to breathe.
Like other water bugs, the flots feed on insect larvae and small crustaceans. The female’s eggs are laid in the ground or in empty shells, their size is about 2 mm. The larvae hatch in late June or early July. Before winter they go through one molt, the next summer they molt three more times until they turn into an adult. After fertilization and egg laying, the insects die.
The paddle bug is small, its body length is only 2 millimeters. He lives near the surface of the water, swims well. It feeds on plankton, often itself becomes prey for fish and birds. The upper part of the bug’s body is covered with spots that resemble the sun glare in the photo. These insects are capable of making loud sounds, which are considered the most powerful in the world, relative to their bodies. The “singers” are males. They rub their abdomen with a specially structured penis intended for traumatic insemination.Thus, males call on females. A person hears the bug “singing”, but most of the sounds are muffled by water.
Giant water bug or belostoma
The giant water bug is an inhabitant of tropical waters and some regions of North America. We do not have it; the insect can only be seen in the photo. This bug is known in the following countries:
- South Africa
- USA (Florida)
The giant bug is up to 15 cm in size and lives in warm ponds and lakes. When there are too many insects, they harm the fish industry by eating fry. The body of the bug is flat, elongated. On the forelegs there are hooks with which the giant grabs prey. The hind legs are for swimming. Insects live near the surface of the water, adults cannot breathe under water, from time to time they emerge to the surface to take a breath of air. The bugs wait for their prey, attaching themselves to the bottom in shallow water, a plant stem, or a pebble.
The breeding method of giant bugs is interesting. The female lays eggs directly on the back of the male, sometimes several hundred eggs. He walks with this load until the larvae hatch. How it looks can be seen in the photo. The male of the giant bug during the period of bearing eggs is a very funny sight. The predatory water bug flies, but only to move to a new body of water, or to the light of a lamp. It bites painfully, although it does not pose a danger to human health and life. In some Asian countries (for example, Thailand, China), giant water bugs are caught and eaten.Fried bugs are considered a delicacy there.
The bug got its name because of its appearance, it is very similar to a small scorpion. You can verify this by looking at the photo. The front legs of the insect are long and tenacious. Unlike its relatives, the scorpion does not swim well. He clings to aquatic plants and waits for prey, as in an ambush. The body of the bug is brown, reminiscent of a fallen leaf. Thanks to this mimicry, the insect is almost invisible in the water. The scorpion lives in stagnant bodies of water with abundant vegetation.Larvae keep closer to the shore, adults live in the center of the reservoir.
The proboscis of the scorpion bug is piercing-sucking. It easily pierces chitin, and even human skin. Therefore, a scorpion bite is painful, its consequences for human health are not dangerous. The insect does not attack a person, it bites only when they are threatened (pressed accidentally, picked up). Another feature of the bug is a long proboscis in the back of the body. It is he who makes the water bug look like a scorpion. This proboscis is a breathing tube.The bug pushes her out of the water when he sits in ambush. Female eggs are laid at the beginning of summer. Already at the end of June, larvae emerge from them, small copies of their parents.
The encyclopedia has more than 40 thousand varieties of bedbugs. Some are dangerous to humans, others are completely harmless. Today we propose to meet one of the representatives of this class – a giant smooth water bug. From the proposed publication, you will find out whether it poses a danger to humans (whether its bite is dangerous), where it lives and what it eats, and you will also see a photo of an insect.
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Giant smooth water bug
The giant smooth water bug (Notonecta) belongs to the Hemiptera family. According to the description in the encyclopedia, the largest are the hind legs, with the help of which it is able to hold onto and below the surface of the water, and also very quickly move along the water surface.There are several types of water bugs:
Water strider; smooth; belostoma;
It has a relatively small body size (the length of an adult insect can reach 15 mm) relative to its main means of locomotion – its hind legs. For comparison – the closest relative of the giant water bug belostoma has a size of about 15 cm. When folded, the porches of the insect resemble a small boat (roof-like), the abdomen is flat. It hunts on and under the surface of the water, in the second variant it swims on its back, holding on to the surface of the water with its hind legs.Lives near open bodies of water, can settle in a pool or aquarium. Propagated by eggs, which it lays on plants. The male is a capable musician – with his front proboscis he can make chirping sounds. He often prefers to go hunting alone.
Water bug photo
Nature has awarded the giant insect with a unique color ensemble: the color of its hard wings is lighter than the belly, which allows it to hide (hide) from predators. In the presented photos you can see what a smooth water bug looks like.
Predatory water bug or not?
The main food is small insects and their larvae, i.e. its presence in nature plays an important role for humans, including (mosquito eater). It can be called a predator, and it eats very impressively – it gets drunk on the insides of its prey, sucking out all the vital energy (it injects a food enzyme through the proboscis, which liquefies the insides of its prey and simply sucks out the contents).
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After a hearty lunch, he hides in aquatic vegetation to hide from predators. During the hunt, he prefers to act openly, without resorting to tricks in the form of an ambush (usually hunts with his back down). Its cousin the giant belostoma beetle hunts for small fish, tadpoles and fry, but it is impossible to meet it in our latitudes – it is a resident of North America (you can also see it in the presented photos).
What are smooth water bugs afraid of?
The giant water bug can often become a victim itself – it can be attacked by a bird or an ordinary fish (you can see the photo). The man also did not stand aside – in Thai restaurants you can often find dishes made from these insects.
Are water bugs dangerous to humans or not?
The giant smoothie often does not pose a particular danger to humans, but in case of danger it can sting (it bites if disturbed during rest or can attack if picked up).The bite is very painful, in terms of pain threshold it resembles a bee sting, which is why in Germany it has the corresponding name “water bee” or “water scorpion”. Most of the curious suffer from his bites, i.e. children who try to take him in hand, he himself very rarely can attack when it comes to a person. An aggressive reaction to an insect bite is manifested only in allergy sufferers, for other people it is completely safe.
Water bug bite photo
A giant water bug bites a person only in case of danger – it can attack if disturbed during sleep (this usually happens while swimming in water, the most vulnerable places of the bather’s arms and legs) or pick it up.The bite site turns red and a slight swelling appears (by analogy with a bee or wasp sting, blisters may appear), it is recommended to cauterize it with brilliant green. The bite site returns to normal within a week, after which no trace remains. In the photo you can see in more detail the appearance of the contact point.
How to get rid of
Waterbug smoothie How to get rid of and what to do if it appears – an actual request on the network, but not relevant in the light of reality. This insect does not harm a person, if he is not disturbed in vain, he will not attack.Gladysh prefers open reservoirs with stagnant water, where insects or their larvae can profit. Its appearance is more beneficial than harmful – they will save you from such troubles as annoying mosquitoes. Therefore, it makes no sense to look for measures to eliminate (how to remove) these insects, but if a trouble happened, and the smoothie flew into an apartment or house, you can simply throw it out through a window or balcony. By the way, Gladysh is an excellent flyer, but he prefers to move around at night, sometimes he can settle in a small puddle or barrel of water (clearly seen in the photo).
The bite of a giant waterbug, smoothie – what the consequences look like
Currently, about 40 thousand species of bugs have been found on the earth, 2 thousand of them are inhabitants of reservoirs, 140 species of water bugs live in the vastness of our country, and cause trouble to people there can be only a few types – such is the statistics. What kind of trouble is it, how serious is it and what to do about it? Let’s figure it out.
A little about bed bugs
The word “bed bug” is associated with a bed bug and unpleasant emotions and sensations.And although there are peaceful herbivorous bugs, we are more interested in safety issues when meeting in nature with predatory bugs.
The proboscis of carnivorous bugs is adapted to pierce the skin of an animal, inject a digestive enzyme that dissolves tissues, and suck out the contents. It sounds ominous, but a meeting with a bug in nature does not represent a mortal danger to humans, although it will cause a lot of concern.
This is a giant water bug, the length of adults reaches 10–12 cm, sometimes even larger ones, up to 15 cm, are found.Lives in the tropical countries of Southeast Asia, less often in regions with a temperate climate. Tourists can meet him in India, China, Thailand, and on the territory of our country – in the Far East.
Belostoma inhabits streams and swamps, as well as coastal salty sea water.
This bug looks frightening – the front pair of legs is thickened and curved, similar to the claws of a cancer.
Giant water bug belostoma
The insect’s care for the offspring is interesting: the female lays eggs on the back of the male, and the male carries them until the larvae hatch, protecting and ensuring the flow of oxygen-rich water.Apparently, therefore, in Japan, belostoms are considered a symbol of a caring father.
This giant hunts for crayfish, insects, frogs. In Japan, the three-keeled Chinese turtles eat the fry of commercial fish and harm the fisheries, while the belostoma hunts and regulates the population. Japanese scientists describe the attack of a 15-centimeter bug on a turtle that is larger than it. In this case, the predator pierces not the shell, but the delicate body of the turtle, and drinks it.
Irony of fate: the predator fell prey to human taste preferences.In the countries of Southeast Asia, this bug is considered a delicacy, so its number has decreased, and in Japan it is listed in the Red Book.
The taste of fried belostoma resembles the taste of fried shrimp.
Of course, belostoma does not hunt a person, but can only bite in defense. Her bite is painful, but not fatal.
Contradictory data regarding bite bites. Some say death to buffaloes, others keep quiet. I watched as ethno-cooks threw them in handfuls into the frying pan with their bare hands, whining slightly from the bites.However, I would not try … Plautus with a smoothie is much angrier. I also asked everyone in Florida about the giant water bug, even in the Everglades reserve. Everyone’s eyes were puffy: they don’t know!
Sometimes the belostom is called a giant smooth, but this is not true.
Gladysh, plavt and water scorpion
Gladysh waterbug is a common inhabitant of our rivers and lakes. Its size rarely exceeds 1 cm. The first and second pair of legs are of medium size, and the third is turned into oar legs, large and powerful.Flat, shiny, with two red eyes on the back, he is simply handsome. Eyes on the back, because he swims belly up, looking out for prey at the bottom: aquatic insects, fry and other living creatures.
Gladysh in the water column
The second name of a smoothie is a water wasp, so it was named for a painful bite. But the smoothie bites only those careless ones who take it in their hands, more often children.
The author of these lines, being a student of the biology department and undergoing summer practice, more than once caught smoothies and other aquatic animals with an ordinary butterfly net.She was never bitten, but she watched swearing friends, stung by a nimble bug, repeatedly. Everyone is alive and well to this day.
Plautus and water scorpion – water bugs, which are less common in our reservoirs, also never attack themselves and only bite the one who inadvertently picks them up.
Signs of a bite and first aid
Pain, swelling, redness and itching are attributes of an insect bite. The reaction occurs as a result of an allergy to the enzymes introduced by the bug.Of course, these signs will manifest themselves in different people in different ways. It depends on the body’s predisposition to allergies.
Of course, the first thing to do if you are bitten by a water bug – belostoma, smoothie, float or water scorpion – is to pull yourself together and remember that these are not poisonous insects.
- Wash the bite site with running water and soap;
- Apply cold to the wound. If there is no ice at hand, press the sore spot with your finger or apply a pressure bandage higher – these actions will prevent the spread of allergens;
- To prevent bacterial or viral infection from joining, treat the wound with any disinfectant: ethyl alcohol, iodine, chlorhexidine, miramistin, etc.d.
To reduce pain and swelling, use Boro Plus ointment or Fenistil gel.
From “grandmother’s” means, you can use soda lotions, tinctures of calendula or corvalol, attached to the wound. Tea tree essential oil helps: a few drops will relieve itching and disinfect the bite site.
Many of us have been bitten by mosquitoes and ants, stung by wasps, bees and horseflies. “It passed by itself.”
If you have a strong body and good immunity, these measures can be limited: your body itself will cope with the consequences of the bite.
When to see a doctor
Immediately! – if you are allergic or have had allergic reactions to insect bites in the past.
You need to go to the doctors and in those cases when the bite is small, you have given yourself first aid and are waiting for improvements, and the following happens:
- swelling and redness at the site of the bite does not pass, but intensifies;
- it becomes difficult to breathe, as if the chest is being compressed;
- swelling of the tongue, mucous membranes of the nose and throat;
- body temperature rises sharply to 38 ° C or lasts for a long time near the mark of 37.5 °;
- dizziness appears, speech is confused and consciousness is lost.
These symptoms indicate a serious allergic reaction and the need for hospitalization.
And if redness, pain and swelling do not go away, the person has a fever and the site of the bite festers, then an infection has been brought in, and then an infectious disease doctor or dermatologist is needed.
Timely assistance will quickly put you on your feet.
Water bugs are not horror movie characters that prey on humans. They live the unpretentious life of insects in their puddles and rivers, not making plans to capture and bite humanity, and are aggressive only in defense.When our universes intersect, a person should be careful and protect the peace of the inhabitants of reservoirs. This will save ourselves.
Water bugs: smoothies and belostomy, description of aquatic insects, is insect bite dangerous
Most people associate bugs with domestic bloodsuckers, with agricultural pests that spoil bread and crops. However, our planet is inhabited by many different arthropods belonging to different families, which differ in a unique body structure and habitat.
One of the most unusual insects is the smooth water bug, which can be found in the reservoirs of our country.
Let’s take a closer look at what this insect is.
Description of the water bug
The name of the insect speaks for itself, since the bug has a streamlined body in the shape of a boat. This water beetle has three pairs of legs, of which the hind legs are the longest. The hind pair of paws is also covered with bristles that function as oars.From the surface of the reservoir, the insect captures the air bubble, which it breathes and which plays an important role in buoyancy. This vesicle clings to the lower abdomen. On the head of a smooth man there are two eyes, which are quite large in comparison with his head.
The hind legs of the insect are designed for swimming in water, and not for movement on land, as in most other members of the family. The front legs are more massive and somewhat resemble pincers. The forelegs are shorter than the rest.At the ends of the paws there are hooks that look like claws. They are necessary to securely capture and hold prey.
Adult water bugs cannot breathe underwater, so they constantly rise to the surface of the water. The respiratory apparatus in insects includes two tubes that are located on the abdomen.
Smooth bugs can fly, but they use this ability only if they need to move to another body of water in order to find food. Also rise into the air when attracted by the light of lanterns.The insect has membranous and transparent wings, the elytra are dense and brown.
It should be noted that males have an unusual ability to make sounds that are very similar to the chirping of a grasshopper. This sound appears due to the friction of the forelegs on the proboscis.
The offspring of the smoothies lay in the form of eggs at the bottom of the reservoir, fixing them on algae and other aquatic plants. Eggs ripen within two weeks. Moreover, the warmer the water in the reservoir, the faster the maturation process will proceed.Smooth larvae are similar in appearance to adults, but slightly lighter in color. During the summer period, they experience four molts. Their discarded chitinous cover is so similar to the bug itself that it can be easily confused with a living creature.
Males of water bugs have a unique attitude towards offspring, as females lay eggs on their elytra, and then the father takes all the care. In one clutch, the female is able to lay about 100 eggs. In the springtime, the male, which is coated with eggs, becomes like a hedgehog.
Predator or not?
The water mite is a predator. Even small fish and frogs can be their prey, but in most cases, bugs eat fry of fish, tadpoles, larvae and mosquitoes.
Smoothies differ from many other species by their unusual swimming technique. After the bug has plunged into the water, it begins to roll over with its belly up. Thus, the insect keeps the surface of the reservoir under control and hunts. Smoothies live in stagnant water or in slow-flowing bodies of water.The water bug can also be found in large puddles and large containers of water.
The insect watches for its prey on stones or plants, and when it comes very close to the bug, it grabs it with its front legs and pulls it to its mouth. All aquatic insects eat almost the same. They insert their proboscis into the body of the prey and inject special substances into it that contribute to the internal decomposition of organs. After that, the insects suck out the resulting slurry.
What are water bugs afraid of?
Despite the fact that bed bugs are predators, they can become someone’s prey. However, their light back and dark belly, which changes color depending on the bottom of the reservoir, allow the insect to be invisible from the depths of the pond and from above for flying birds.
Are they dangerous to humans?
Water bugs do not pose any danger to humans. If an insect bites a person, then it will be nothing more than just protection.If a person approaches an insect, then it can pretend to be dead or it can scare off a potential enemy by throwing its odorous secret at him.
Water bugs migrate in the spring looking for new water reservoirs. That is why huge flocks of smoothies can stumble upon people. Since their flight speed is very high, such collisions are very unpleasant.
Water bug bite
Water bug is often referred to as the “water bee” because of its sting similar to a bee sting.Most often, the bite falls on the feet while swimming in bodies of water. As a rule, bugs bite a person if he tries to show curiosity about an insect by picking it up. If, nevertheless, a bug has bitten a person, then you should not panic. Although the bite is painful, it does not cause any harm to health. Blisters and wounds appear at the site of the bite, which do not heal for a long time.
Types of water bugs
Water bugs, unlike bed bugs, as mentioned above, are completely safe for humans.Among them, three main types can be distinguished:
- The water strider is found in absolutely all freshwater bodies of water and even puddles. These insects move quickly along the surface of the water. Their thin body looks like a stick. The water strider has three pairs of legs.
- Rowing pad. The body of this species reaches a length of no more than 15 mm. Males, with the help of tubercles on their paws, can make unique sounds in order to attract females. Often they can be frightened, as these insects suddenly fly out of the water.Rowers are active not only in summer but also in winter.
- Gladysh is the insect mentioned above. The size of the insect does not exceed 15 mm. It differs from other species by its flat belly, which is darker in color than the wings. If you touch a bug with your hand, then it can sting, therefore it is also called a wasp.
- Belostoma is the largest water bug. It reaches 17 cm in length.
Belostoma giant bug
The number of giant water bugs in the world is negligible.As a rule, belostoma can be found in Southeast Asia in South Africa. Water bugs look quite intimidating, as their size reaches 17 centimeters in length.
Description of the belostoma:
- The insect has large front legs, which outwardly are very similar to the claws of a crab.
- Large eyes, mesh.
- The body of the belostoma has an oblong shape, the color can be brown or black.
- The insect has long antennae.
Due to its impressive size and unique forepaws, the belostoma hunts frogs, turtles and fish. These water giants are also predators that can wait for their prey for a long time.
Giant water bug Belostoma: what it looks like, photo of bites, what is dangerous for humans, where it lives
Usually the word “bug” is associated with a domestic pest. However, there are other representatives of the bug family living in the wild.For example, the giant water bug is the belostoma.
Giant water bug
Water bugs belostoma or belostomatidae (from the Latin name of the family Belostomatidae) belong to the order of hemiptera insects. There are about 140 species of belostom. There are few of them left on the territory of Russia; most of these bugs now live in hot regions. Giant water bugs live in not very deep reservoirs – ponds, lakes, less often in rivers and streams. They can also live in sea water, close to the coast.Those species that have adapted to the cold (for example, those living in the Far East) survive the winter under the ice, buried in silt.
Giant water bugs can attack small snakes
Giant water bugs feed on fish, insects, crustaceans, amphibians; can even attack animals slightly larger than them.
In Japan, attacks of a 15-centimeter belostoma on a 17-centimeter turtle were recorded.
Appearance and structure
The size of an adult belostoma is 10–12 cm; individuals are 15 cm long.The body is of dark colors, with patterns on the back.
This insect has a streamlined body and 6 legs that act as oars while the bug is swimming. The hairs that grow densely along the outer edge of the limbs rise during strokes, increasing the surface of contact with water. There are also dark spots on the legs – the senses that determine the depth and vibrations of the water.
The structure of the belostom allows them to move easily in the water.
The forelegs of the belostom are thick, curved forward; they resemble the claws of crayfish.At the ends there are hooks with which the bugs grab and hold the prey. The mouth is a short, curved proboscis. This form is convenient for feeding the belostoma, which pierces the prey and injects toxic substances that liquefy the inner part of the victim, after which the bug sucks it out.
They also have wings, but they are used exclusively for relocation. It’s just that these insects do not fly, preferring to be under water. However, belostomas often have to protrude to the surface, as they breathe oxygen through breathing tubes located at the back of the abdomen.
During the relocation to other bodies of water, flying belostom can be attracted by lamps and other light sources. For this they were nicknamed “beetles of electric light”.
Reproduction and development
The development of the giant water bug includes three stages – egg, larva and adult. The bug takes more than a month to travel from an egg to an adult insect. The larvae of giant water bugs are similar to adults, but are smaller in size and do not have wings. They go through several molts, each acquiring a new trait of an adult bug, for example, wings and reproductive organs.
While taking care of eggs, males practically do not feed, therefore, after the breeding season, their number is significantly reduced.
In Japan, a caring male belostomy bug is a symbol of a good father.
It is noteworthy that the females of some species of the giant water bug lay eggs on the back of the males, gluing them with a special substance after fertilization. After that, the father bugs do not swim for about two weeks and hardly eat, protecting the offspring and taking care of it: with their movements, the males provide the flow of fresh water to the eggs or put their backs above the water for oxygen.
Other belostom species lay their eggs on the leaves of aquatic plants.
Giant water bugs do not pose a great threat to humans, since they do not attack themselves. These insects are characterized by a passive reaction to danger: when meeting with a large enemy, they freeze, pretending to be dead. But if a whitestoy is picked up or touched in water, then it may well bite in self-defense.
At the site of the bite of the belostoma, blisters and wounds that do not heal for a long time are formed
In Asia, belostomy is eaten, they are considered a delicacy.In Thailand, because of this, insects are endangered.
According to reviews, fried belostomy is a tasty and nutritious dish.
Bites of a giant water bug for humans do not pose a danger to humans, but are very painful. Edema occurs at the site of the bite. As a result of the ingestion of the bug’s digestive enzymes into the wound, it heals for a long time, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism. In theory, the poison in the bug’s saliva can cause a severe allergic reaction.Although the deaths of people after bite bites have not been recorded, it is still not worth worrying them in vain.
Belostoma is an almost harmless, beautiful and unique creature. You do not need to offend giant water bugs and destroy them, because these insects are necessary in nature. And to avoid an unpleasant bug bite, be careful while bathing and do not pick it up.
Not only fish live on the water and in its thickness, but also small insects, which with their appearance can frighten anyone.
Find out what a water bug is, is it really so dangerous that it even burns out the skin, how it looks in the photo and how its species differ.
Species of water bugs
The bug that lives in the water is a special species, it is found everywhere. Its representatives live in fresh water bodies. But, unlike others, these representatives of the fauna cannot absorb oxygen directly from the water. In this regard, they periodically float up and replenish air reserves in their air bags.
Inhabitants of reservoirs lead an active lifestyle, hunt and feed on smaller brethren. They use eggs of fish and amphibians, larvae as food. Some species of inhabitants of reservoirs dig their proboscis into the victim’s body and inject paralyzing poison into it.
Water bugs fly well, unlike their land cousins, but they do it only with the aim of finding food or moving to a more favorable place.
Adults reproduce with eggs. The female leaves the clutch on the back of the male, after which he already takes care of the growing offspring, creating the necessary conditions for him.When larvae emerge from the eggs, the male dies.
There are several types:
- water strider;
- water scorpion;
Each of them has its own characteristics of life.
Belostoma giant bug
Giant water beetles have several nicknames: belostoma, fighter, or simply “palcecus”. In Latin, the insect is called Belostomatidae. It reaches a length of 15 cm and is the largest representative of the Hemiptera order on Earth.
These clumsy insects hide under the surface of ponds and lakes, where they bite the fingers of unsuspecting lovers of walking barefoot over pebbles. Those who have experienced a beetle sting on themselves will in no case want to repeat this experiment. It is very painful but not life threatening.
What does it look like?
The body of the bug is oval, brown, brown or black. The forelegs are curved, with claw-like hooks, which allows prey to be gripped. Wings with membranes, smoky color, mesh eyes.The piercing apparatus or beak is hidden under the head, like in most beetles. They breathe with the help of small appendages at the end of the abdomen.
The photo shows a giant belostoma male with eggs on his back
The creatures live in the tropics and subtropics, in the Far East. They live in stagnant shallow water bodies, spending most of their time under water. Only occasionally do bugs stick out their abdomen to the surface, where they have respiratory centers in order to take in air.
Belostom settles in other water bodies by air. In the Far East, insects are forced to leave water bodies by winter and move into the crevices of trees, where they spend time until spring.
Bedbugs are predators, they feed on small fish, eggs, amphibians, tadpoles. They eat whatever they can grab. There is evidence that the giant belostoma catches and eats small birds. The beetle pierces the victim’s body and injects very strong digestive enzymes into it, and then sucks out the previously digested pieces.Even if a small insect has a hard shell, the bug will be able to find a weak point in it.
Caring for offspring
Most exciting is how giant water bugs protect their babies. The breeding season is in the spring. The male takes all care of future belostoms. The female lays eggs on the male’s back. One female can lay up to 4 eggs at a time. The clutch contains 100 – 150 eggs in total. Therefore, insects mate until there is a sufficient number of offspring (see.photo of a male with eggs on his back).
What does the male and female belostomy look like in the photo
The male is tasked with tending the eggs until they hatch in 1–2 weeks. He wears masonry on his back, protects them from predators, regularly brings them to the surface to obtain oxygen.
Subsequently, small bugs emerge from the eggs. Their body is soft, without chitinous cover. But gradually it hardens and darkens. Larval growth is accompanied by several molts. Due to this, the body weight of the insect increases until it reaches the size of an adult.
Small belostomas hatching from eggs in the photo
In nature, belostomes regulate the number of both harmful and beneficial insects. But they can cause significant damage to fisheries, destroying small fish and eggs. But in Thailand, belostoma is considered a delicacy, so the number of bedbugs here regularly decreases.
An interesting feature of the belostom is to freeze in case of danger. Therefore, if you accidentally find a dead whitestoma in the pond, do not rejoice ahead of time, it can come to life and bite your finger.
The video shows a giant fingernail in nature, look, it will be interesting:
Another representative of water bugs is smooth (see photo). The Latin name is Notonecta. The insect belongs to the family of smoothies. The size of adults reaches 15 mm in length.
The photo shows that the bug is smooth in shape and resembles a boat
The bug looks like a boat. Its body is smooth, streamlined, due to which the insect moves quickly through the water.The bug has three paws, they are in the shape of oars. With them, the inhabitant of reservoirs cuts the water surface. The color of the chitinous cover has several shades: from yellowish to green and pink. There are large eyes on the head of the bug.
The insect prefers to settle in reservoirs with stagnant water, but it can also be successfully found in a puddle, containers for collecting water in the country, etc. In the evening, the smoothies crawl out of the reservoir and move closer to the illuminated places. They love bright light, there are many of them in places where lanterns are lit.Insects can fly well, but they do it mainly to move to other bodies of water in search of food.
A characteristic feature of this insect species is the ability to make sounds similar to the chirping of grasshoppers. The sound is produced when the bug rubs its front legs against the proboscis.
This inhabitant of reservoirs swims on its back, which makes it invisible to fish. Bedbugs turn over just to gulp air. The unusual body structure and color not only make it invisible to enemies, but also allow you to sneak up on the victim.
Smoothies feed on larvae, small fish. Through the proboscis, the insect releases nerve poison into the victim’s body. Under the influence of enzymes in the saliva of the bug, the insides quickly liquefy, and the smoothie sucks them out.
Insect eggs have a yellow tint. The female lays them on the back of the plant leaves. After 2 weeks, larvae appear from them, which undergo 4 molts in the process of maturation. During this time, they change color and increase in size.
Does a bug bite a human being?
Yes, it bites and it hurts a lot. The bite resembles a bee sting, the pain remains for several days, but it is not at all dangerous. There are no traces or threats to a person’s life from a bite. Most often, curious children become the victim, who try to pick him up and play.
In his defense, I would like to say that during the night it kills many mosquitoes and their larvae. He himself never attacks a person, but only defends himself when he feels danger.
Bedbug water strider
Many of us have seen water striders on the surface of ponds, stakes, small reservoirs. In Latin, the insect is called Gerridae. There are more than 700 species of these inhabitants, but the pond is more common.
Photo and description
The body of the bug resembles a thin stick up to 3 cm long. The insect has 3 pairs of legs, thanks to which it glides on the water. The front leg is short and is used to grab food. The bug feeds on small bugs, flies, mosquitoes, larvae.
The insect lives for about a year. It multiplies by laying eggs on the leaves. After 2 weeks, larvae appear from them. For the winter, they hide in thickets of vegetation.
How do water striders stay on the water? On the legs and abdomen, they have a fatty layer and villi. Air bubbles accumulate around them, which act like a life buoy. It is the force of surface tension that keeps the insect on the water.
This insect belongs to the water scorpion family.He has a narrow cylindrical body with a breathing tube measuring 3.5-4.5 cm. The body color is yellow-gray, the upper body is reddish. Outwardly, the ranatra looks like a thin twig.
The proboscis extends from the front edge of the head. It is a piercing-sucking oral apparatus. Adults feed on fry and tadpoles and are attracted to any moving prey. Even in a well-fed state, predators continue to hunt.
The front pair of paws is a respiratory organ.
Ranatras live throughout Europe and Asia, they are even found in North Africa. They prefer stagnant bodies of water with lush vegetation. Ranatra swims badly, moves, grabbing for plants. Insect activity occurs from July to October, then they lie under the sandy bottom for the winter.
Water scorpion breeding begins in spring. The female lays eggs on the plants. After 2 weeks, yellow larvae appear from them, which then molt and gradually darken.
Does a water scorpion bite?
No such cases are known, since he hunts small inhabitants of his reservoir. And at the sight of a person freezes, as if dead.
It is important that the more ranatra you see in the reservoir, the cleaner it is. They don’t live in dirty places.
Is a water bug dangerous to humans?
Most bugs are completely harmless to humans. The beetle can bite, but its bite is not fatal and does not entail any serious illness.Soreness feels like a bee stung.
If a giant predator bug became the cause of the discomfort, then in this case there is no particular danger. The bite will be painful, but it does not carry serious consequences for life.
In the media, there was a message that excited everyone that an unknown killer had appeared in the reservoirs. A water bug has been reported that burns the skin and causes death. In fact, everything turned out to be simpler. By the killer, they meant the white-beetle – a giant beetle.But it is completely harmless, and you should not be afraid of it. And the photos were fake, that is, a lie.
Water bugs are inhabitants of stagnant bodies of water. They can be of any size, but you shouldn’t be afraid of them. Insects do not harm people, and their existence does not threaten humans in any way.
90,000 Can meerkats pose a danger to humans
There are several animals living on Earth that work together as meerkats. These members of the mongoose family live in groups of varying sizes, ranging from three to 50 members.Several families of meerkats can live together and form a community called a colony or clan. Each individual participates in the collection of food, watches over predators and cares for the cubs.
Meerkats are small animals that grow in length from 9.75 to 11.75 inches (25 to 30 centimeters) from head to back. Their tails add another 7.5 to 9.5 inches (19 to 24 cm) to their length. Weighing less than 1 kilogram, a meerkat weighs about the same as a squirrel. Meerkats are carnivores and are recognized by their long bodies, short, flat ears, and their ability to stand on their hind legs.Meerkat fur can be gold, silver, orange, or brown with dark patches of fur around the eyes.
Photo. Africa Meerkat Habitat Map
Meerkats (merkats) live in the deserts and meadows of the southern tip of Africa. They are very cute animals with fluffy fur, a small pointed face and large eyes, surrounded by dark spots. On average, they grow up to 50 centimeters in length, including the tail. These extraordinarily social animals live in burrows, which they dig out with their long, sharp claws.The dungeon protects the family from predators and from the harsh African heat. These burrows can be up to 5 meters long and have multiple entrances, tunnels and rooms. A group can use up to five separate burrows at a time.
Meerkats rise to the surface only during daytime. Every morning, meerkats begin their day by courting or lying in the sun. When the sun rises, a group appears and starts looking for food. They use their keen sense of smell to find their favorite foods, including beetles, caterpillars, spiders, and scorpions.Adult meerkats have some immunity to poison, so scorpion stings are not a problem for them. However, instead of allowing the cubs to learn through trial and error and risk penetration with a potentially life-threatening sting, mothers rip the scorpion’s tail off and feed it, according to a 2006 study published in Science.
They also like to eat small reptiles, eggs, birds, plants and fruits. Several nannies stay behind to watch the newborn babies.This responsibility applies to the various members of the group. A nanny’s main job is to protect the cubs of the meerkats from rival groups who, if given the opportunity, will kill the cubs.
Photo. Group of meerkats
While the rest of the group feeds on food, one of the meerkats (sometimes more), called the sentry, will find the highest point like a termite mound and survey the surroundings on its hind legs. From here, he scans the sky and desert for predators such as hawks, eagles, and jackals.The sentry, who sensed the danger, emits a loud squeal, thereby letting the group know that it is worth urgently to take cover.
Meerkats dig out safe places throughout their feeding area where they can hide in times of danger. But if caught by a predator, the meerkat will try to look fierce, lie on its back and show its teeth and claws. If a predator meets a group of meerkats, they will stand as if in one formation, arch their backs, raise their hair and hiss. This sometimes misleads an attacker into thinking that this is one big evil animal.
Meerkats are always abundant where they live and it is generally accepted that they are not endangered. But they live a very difficult life in the African desert, constantly threatened by hungry predators, rival meerkats, drought and flooding of burrows.
Cubs of meerkats
Females give birth to one to eight babies at a time, but more often 3-4 cubs. Cubs are born underground, where they are protected from predators. At birth, puppies weigh between 25 and 36 grams (0.9 to 1.3 ounces), according to the San Diego Zoo.In addition, these little babies are blind, deaf and almost hairless.
The entire family, including the father and siblings, contributes to raising the young. By nine weeks, the cubs are weaned, and by the age of one and a half, the meerkats will be old enough to have their own offspring.
Interesting veils about meerkats
Meerkats live in groups called “mobs”, which consist of 2-3 families of meerkats. One mob lives in one hole.
They are very sociable animals and enjoy playing with each other.Aside from having fun, each member of the mob has a duty to do, which benefits the whole group.
When they hunt, some members look out for predators while others work on hunting strategies.
In case of danger, meerkats warn other members of the mob using certain sounds.
Meerkats are territorial animals. Their average size is 4 square miles. Throughout the territory, they dig holes and use them as shelters in case of danger.
Meerkats hunt and eat insects, scorpions, small lizards, snakes, eggs. They also feed on roots and bulbs.
They are immune to the venom of scorpions and snakes.
Because they live in arid regions, they get all the water they need from the food they eat.
Meerkats have excellent eyesight, smell and hearing.
Photo. Meerkats near burrow
They stand on their hind legs as they survey their surroundings. Females can even feed their cubs while standing.
Adult meerkats teach young people what to eat. Young meerkats are afraid of predators, especially birds, and will hide in burrows even if they see a flying plane.
If the group decides to move to another burrow, the members of the group will carry the puppies by the scruff of the neck.
Meerkats are able to recognize each other’s voices.
During digging, the membrane covers and protects the eyes of the meerkats.
One study found the meerkat to be the deadliest mammal known to science.
A female meerkat can secrete twice as much testosterone as a male.
Meerkats have special pouches below their tails, they empty them on rocks to mark their territory.
Dominant females will enslave subordinate females in their group as nurses. Those who resist are kicked out of the group after killing the cubs.
Dominant female meerkats prevent their daughters from reproducing and even kill their grandchildren to keep them alpha members of their clan.
Photo. Cute meerkat on a log
When two groups of meerkats go to war over territory, they line up and anger each other like human warriors. War among meerkats can lead to numerous deaths, so animals try to avoid such conflicts using intimidation tactics.
In Zimbabwe and Zambia, the meerkat is considered a “sun angel”. It is said that the “solar angels” are sent by the gods to protect the villages.
Meerkats live up to 10 years in the wild and up to 13 years in captivity.
Meerkats as pets
Unlike domestic dogs and cats, meerkats are wild animals with survival instincts that have not been eroded by thousands of years of selection. They are “solitary” animals, feeling safe only when they are in close contact with other members of the group. The pinnacle of cruelty is the closure of an animal in a solitary cage, especially after dark. This leads them literally into insanity, and this ends either in extremely aggressive hysteria, or the animal begins to compulsively look after itself, sometimes to the point of self-harm.All of this is the result of the horror they can experience from isolation, and this trauma lasts a lifetime.
For the gardener, the meerkat can become his pride. More than 90% of the meerkat’s diet consists of underground animals: larvae, beetles, scorpions and the like. Meerkat cubs begin to seriously dig at around 8 weeks of age, gradually increasing in strength and skill until, at around 5 months of age, they start digging deep holes for 6 hours a day. And within a few days, any garden will look like a miniature minefield.This digging has little to do with hunger; even a well-fed meerkat must dig to satisfy its instincts. A glance at their front paws with their long, hard claws will tell you that meerkats have gradually evolved as diggers and it is impossible to try to prevent this behavior. Indoors with cement slabs, they will crush cement, tear carpets, baseboards and even plaster walls to pieces, not to mention upholstered furniture and pot plants. The house meerkat is a home demolition team!
Since meerkats primarily eat insects, no commercial dog or cat food can cover their dietary needs, especially in the first months of life.Insect exoskeletons contain a large amount of calcium, which is essential for the growth of bones and teeth, and therefore their diet must be supplemented with insects or powdered calcium, otherwise the young animals will be disfigured by rickets. For a meerkat, dog food contains too little protein and too many carbohydrates, and animals that are fed this will soon become overgrown with fat. Cat food is somewhat better, but meerkats are adapted to almost continuous feeding of small food items, rather than eating one or two large meals a day, as dogs and cats do.As a result, due to their fast metabolism, they behave as if they are hungry all the time, and if they are fed every time they ask and restricted in physical movement (a wild meerkat walks about 5 km per day), they will soon become obese. and painful.
While they are still young, meerkats will be friendly creatures, but once they reach the age of 6 months, they can completely transform into a pit bull in the mongoose world. The “pet” will now protect its group and any visitors will be perceived as violators.Any stranger will be attacked and can be bitten badly, the meerkat clings, bites to the bone and does not let go. Children are the main target as they appear weak in the eyes of the meerkat, and this can lead to serious social problems with neighbors and visitors. Their aggressiveness is just an instinctive response to a stranger and no amount of punishment can stop him, it is genetically programmed. With the advent of this aggressiveness comes the development of the anal glands with their rather penetrating musky secretion.Soon, almost all smooth surfaces in the house will be marked, this smell tells meerkatu that this is “home” and that he may feel safe, but it is extremely unpleasant for people who live together.
A veterinarian shared a story about a meerkat being introduced into a family. He was too obese to walk, castrated, claws removed. The wild beast has been crippled to the point of curbing its instinctive behavior and making it “fit” for the human way of life – this is nothing more than sheer cruelty.Remember that adopting a meerkat as a “pet” entails staying with him 24 hours a day and all night until the end of his life, so as not to let him destroy your home and garden. You will have to choose a special diet and constantly fight against the violent attack on all of your visitors, as well as the pungent smell left on all the furniture. For your own good, and especially for the animals, it is best to think again before you decide to have a meerkat as a pet.
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