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Sensitive teeth solution: Sensitive teeth: What treatments are available?


Sensitive teeth: What treatments are available?

What causes sensitive teeth, and how can I treat them?

Answer From Thomas J. Salinas, D.D.S.

When you have sensitive teeth, certain activities, such as brushing, eating and drinking, can cause sharp, temporary pain in your teeth. Sensitive teeth are typically the result of worn tooth enamel or exposed tooth roots. Sometimes, however, tooth discomfort is caused by other factors, such as a cavity, a cracked or chipped tooth, a worn filling, or gum disease.

If you’re bothered by sensitive teeth, visit your dentist. He or she can identify or rule out any underlying causes of your tooth pain. Depending on the circumstances, your dentist might recommend:

  • Desensitizing toothpaste. After several applications, desensitizing toothpaste can sometimes help block pain associated with sensitive teeth. There are a variety of products available over-the-counter. Ask your dentist which product might work best for you.
  • Fluoride. Your dentist might apply fluoride to the sensitive areas of your teeth to strengthen tooth enamel and reduce pain. He or she might also suggest the use of prescription fluoride at home, applied via a custom tray.
  • Desensitizing or bonding. Occasionally, exposed root surfaces can be treated by applying bonding resin to the sensitive root surfaces. A local anesthetic might be needed.
  • Surgical gum graft. If your tooth root has lost gum tissue, a small amount of gum tissue can be taken from elsewhere in your mouth and attached to the affected site. This can protect exposed roots and reduce sensitivity.
  • Root canal. If your sensitive teeth cause severe pain and other treatments aren’t effective, your dentist might recommend a root canal — a procedure used to treat problems in the tooth’s soft core (dental pulp). While this might seem like a significant treatment, it’s considered the most successful technique for eliminating tooth sensitivity.

To prevent sensitive teeth from recurring, brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste and floss daily. Use gentle strokes, rather than vigorous or harsh scrubbing, and avoid using an abrasive toothpaste. If you grind your teeth, ask your dentist about a mouth guard. Tooth grinding can fracture teeth and cause sensitivity.

You might also consider taking care when eating or drinking acidic foods and drinks, such as carbonated drinks, citrus fruits and wine — all of which can remove small amounts of tooth enamel over time. When you drink acidic liquids, use a straw to limit contact with your teeth. After eating or drinking an acidic substance, drink water to balance the acid levels in your mouth.


Thomas J. Salinas, D.D.S.


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Show references

  1. Sensitive teeth. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/s/sensitive-teeth. Accessed Nov. 16, 2017.
  2. Root canals. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/r/root-canals. Accessed Nov. 16, 2017.
  3. Brushing your teeth. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/brushing-your-teeth. Accessed Nov. 16, 2017.
  4. Gerstner GE, et al. Sleep-related bruxism (tooth grinding). https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Nov. 16, 2017.
  5. O’Toole S, et al. Journal of Dentistry. The relationship between dentine hypersensitivity, dietary acid intake and erosive tooth wear. In press. Accessed Nov. 16, 2017.
  6. Salinas TJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 13, 2018.

See more Expert Answers


Teeth Sensitivity


What is tooth sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity occurs when the underlying layer of your teeth — the dentin — becomes exposed as a result of receding gum tissue (the protective blanket that covers the tooth roots). The roots, which are not covered by hard enamel, contain thousands of tiny tubules leading to the tooth’s never center (the pulp). These dentinal tubules (or channels) allow the stimuli — for example, the hot, cold or sweet food — to reach the nerve in your tooth, which results in the pain you feel.

Possible Causes

What causes tooth sensitivity?

Many factors may lead to the development of tooth sensitivity, including:

  • Brushing too hard: Over time, brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can wear down enamel and cause the dentin to be exposed. It can also cause recession of the gums (the gum tissue pulls away from the teeth).
  • Recession of the gums: As gums move away from a tooth because of conditions such as periodontal disease, the root surface becomes exposed.
  • Gum disease: Inflamed and sore gum tissue may cause sensitivity because of the loss of supporting ligaments, which exposes the root surface that leads directly to the nerve of the tooth.
  • Cracked teeth: Chipped or broken teeth may fill with bacteria from plaque and enter the pulp, causing inflammation.
  • Teeth grinding: grinding or clenching your teeth may wear down the enamel and expose underlying dentin.
  • Tooth whitening products or toothpaste with baking soda and peroxide: These products are major contributors to tooth sensitivity.
  • Age: Tooth sensitivity is highest between the ages of 25 and 30.
  • Plaque buildup: The presence of plaque on the root surfaces can cause sensitivity.
  • Mouthwash use: Long-term use of some mouthwashes. Some over-the-counter mouthwashes contain acids that can worsen tooth sensitivity if you have exposed dentin (the middle layer of the tooth). The acids further damage the dentin layer of the tooth. If you have dentin sensitivity, ask your dentist about the use of a neutral fluoride solution.
  • Acidic foods: Regular consumption of foods with a high acid content, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, pickles and tea, can cause enamel erosion.
  • Recent routine dental procedures: Sensitivity can occur following teeth cleaning, root planing, crown placement and tooth restoration. Sensitivity caused by dental procedures is temporary and usually disappears in 4 to 6 weeks.

Care and Treatment

What can I do to reduce tooth sensitivity?

  • Maintain good oral hygiene: Continue to follow proper brushing and flossing techniques to thoroughly clean all parts of your teeth and mouth.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush: This will result in less toothbrush abrasion to the tooth surface and less irritation to your gums. Brush gently and carefully around the gum line so you do not remove more gum tissue.
  • Use desensitizing toothpaste: There are several brands of toothpaste available for sensitive teeth. With regular use, you should notice a decrease in sensitivity. You may need to try several different brands to find the product that works best for you. Another tip: spread a thin layer of the toothpaste on the exposed tooth roots with your finger or a Q-tip before you go to bed. Do not use a tartar control toothpaste; rather, use a fluoridated toothpaste.
  • Watch what you eat: Frequent consumption of highly acid foods can gradually dissolve tooth enamel and lead to dentin exposure. They may also aggravate the sensitivity and start the pain reaction.
  • Use fluoridated dental products: Daily use of a fluoridated mouth rinse can decrease sensitivity. Ask your dentist about available products for home use.
  • Avoid teeth grinding: If you grind or clench your teeth, use a mouth guard at night.
  • See your dentist at regular intervals: Get professional tooth cleaning, oral hygiene instructions, and fluoride treatments every 6 months.

If you still have discomfort, talk to your dentist. There are some dental procedures that may help reduce sensitivity, including the use of:

  • White fillings (bonding) to cover exposed root surfaces
  • Fluoride varnishes applied to the exposed root surface
  • Dentin sealers applied to the exposed root surface

Sensitive Teeth? 5 Natural Ways For Relief From Tooth Sensitivity

You may know that feeling; biting into some extremely hot, cold or sour only to experience a sharp and piercing pain going right down to the deep nerve endings of your tooth. That is tooth sensitivity, which can happen due to various reasons. Worn out teeth enamel or tooth erosion can lead to exposing your dentin, which is what the inside of your teeth is made up of. So any hot, cold or sour food intake can lead to insensitivity in the tooth with an exposed dentin.

Here are some reasons due to which tooth sensitivity is a common problem; in fact, according to the Journal of American Dental Association, one in eight adults suffer from sensitive teeth.

  • Worn tooth enamel due to excessive usage of a hard toothbrush or brushing aggressively.
  • Tooth erosion due to the consumption of highly acidic foods and beverages.
  • Teeth grinding
  • Worn or leaky fillings
  • Tooth decay
  • Some dental treatments including fillings, crowns, etc.

Tooth sensitivity can be extremely painful and annoying. Here’s a list of Foods that may help.

1. Salt water

Salt water is one of the most common solutions to tooth sensitivity or any dental problems as it helps maintain the pH balance of the mouth to create a more alkaline environment in which harmful bacteria cannot survive for long. It is also a natural antiseptic that provides instant relief in the sensitive tooth. All you need to do is to add two teaspoons of salt to warm water and mix well. Rinse your mouth with this solution twice a day in order to reduce sensitivity and pain.

(Also read: 5 Teeth Whitening Home Remedies)

Salt water is one of the most common solutions to tooth sensitivity​2. Guava leaves

Guava has innumerable health benefits, but not many may know that its leaves too boast of quite a few medicinal properties. It is known to contain flavonoids like quercetin, kaempferol and rutin that have anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve tooth sensitivity and toothache. Just chew a few leaves for 2-3 minutes and spit them before you rinse your mouth. If you do not wish to chew them, place four to five leaves in a pan with a cup of water and bring it to boil. Add a sprinkle of salt and use it as a mouthwash.(Also read: 8 Wonderful Foods You Must Eat For A Beautiful Smile)

Guava leaves too boast of quite a few medicinal properties​3. Garlic

We cannot promise breath improvement, but we can definitely tell you that it has some compounds to offer that are extremely beneficial for oral health. It is known to be an anti-bacterial agent and a natural anesthetic that can relieve pain from tooth sensitivity and other problems. In order to desensitize and soothe pain, you need to make a paste with two to three garlic cloves, two to three drops of water and about half a teaspoon of salt. Apply the paste on the affected tooth and allow it to sit for a few minutes before rinsing with warm salt water.

It is known to be an anti-bacterial agent and a natural anesthetic4. Clove oil

Clove oil contains powerful germicidal properties and also helps numb pain while keeping teeth and gums healthy. Cloves have long been used for their anti-inflammatory, anesthetic and anti-bacterial properties that reduce pain and fight oral infections. The best way to use it is to combine one drop of clove oil with coconut oil or almond oil and apply on the affected tooth. Wash it off with warm water.

Clove oil contains powerful germicidal properties and also helps numb pain ​5. Onion

Onion has flavonoids like quercetin, which is known to offer anti-inflammatory properties that can soothe pain. Its anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties also help kill harmful bacteria in the mouth that can lead to oral infection. All you need to do is to cut an onion, in a way the piece fits in your mouth. Place the piece on the affected area and leave it for about five minutes. After taking it out, thoroughly rinse your mouth with salt water that will further help in relieving pain and improving the breath.

Onion has flavonoids like quercetin, which is known to offer anti-inflammatory propertiesEnsure that you use these foods regularly in order to see better results. In case of persistent pain and bleeding, consult a dentist.


Sensitive Teeth: Common Causes and Solutions

Sensitive teeth aren’t just an irritation. They can also make it hard for you to eat and drink. For the most part, sensitive tooth pain is sharp, sudden, and temporary. The pain usually occurs when teeth are exposed to cold air or hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods. If you suffer from sensitive teeth, learn more about some of the common causes and different solutions you can try to get some relief.

Common Causes of Sensitive Teeth

Developing sensitive teeth can happen to anyone. Eroded enamel or exposed roots usually cause tooth sensitivity. However, teeth can become sensitive for a variety of reasons. The following are some of the most common causes of sensitive teeth.

Teeth Whitening

Many people turn to teeth whitening to remove surface stains and discolouration for a whiter smile. However, what they might not realize is that those whitening treatments can also cause tooth sensitivity. Peroxide, which is one of the main ingredients in many teeth whitening products, can irritate the tooth nerve.

Brushing Too Hard

Brushing too hard or using a toothbrush that has hard bristles can wear down the enamel on teeth and cause the dentin to become exposed. Brushing too hard can also lead to gum recession and root exposure. This is why many dental professionals recommend that you use a soft-bristle toothbrush.

Irregular Flossing

Just like brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing is an important part of your dental hygiene routine. Flossing at least once a day prevents plaque from building up on your teeth. This reduces your chances of tooth sensitivity, gum disease, and receding gums.


Demineralization occurs when the mineral content in the tooth enamel decreases. When the enamel starts to break down, teeth become more sensitive, and it’s easier for plaque to infect a tooth’s vulnerable interior. Since enamel isn’t a growing tissue, it can’t be regenerated or restored once it’s gone. Sugary drinks and acidic foods are the main cause of demineralization, so it’s best to avoid them as much as possible.

Teeth Grinding

Do you catch yourself grinding your teeth during the day or waking up in the morning with a sore jaw? Not only can teeth grinding wear down your teeth or possibly even chip or crack a tooth, but it also causes damage to the tooth’s enamel and exposes the inner layer of dentin, which makes your teeth more susceptible to both sensitivity and decay.


Your diet can also play a big role in your sensitive teeth. Regularly consuming acidic drinks and acidic foods, such as pickles, tea, tomatoes, and citrus fruits, can cause enamel to erode, which increases the likelihood of sensitivity.

Solutions for Sensitive Teeth

While numerous things can cause sensitive teeth, the good news is that a variety of dental treatments and procedures can help protect sensitive teeth. If you’re suffering from sensitive teeth, your dentist might recommend trying one of the following solutions.

Dental Sealants

Dental sealants are one solution for sensitive teeth your dentist might recommend. Dental sealants are a thin resin coating that your dentist can paint onto your teeth to help reduce sensitivity. It’s important to keep in mind that dental sealants are only temporary and will eventually wear off.

Mouth Guard

If teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, is causing your sensitive teeth, your dentist might recommend that you wear a mouth guard when you sleep at night. You can purchase mouth guards that you mold at home, or your dentist can make a mold of your teeth and produce a custom-fitted mouth guard. Not only can a mouth guard help reduce pain caused by sensitive teeth, but it may also relieve any jaw joint pain and headaches you’re experiencing.

Fluoride Varnish

A fluoride gel or varnish is an extremely concentrated type of fluoride. Your dentist can apply the fluoride to your teeth to help reduce some of the pain and discomfort caused by tooth sensitivity. A fluoride varnish can also help strengthen your enamel and dentin.

Bonding Agent

If you have sensitive teeth because the roots of the teeth are exposed, your dentist might recommend using a bonding agent to cover the root surface. For this type of sensitive tooth treatment, your dentist will apply the bonding agent over the exposed root to block its exposure and help reduce your pain.

Root Canal

If the above options don’t work and your sensitive teeth are reducing your quality of life, your dentist may recommend a root canal. During a root canal, your dentist will remove the pulp or soft nerve tissues inside your tooth that’s causing your pain and discomfort.

Tooth sensitivity is a prevalent issue that many people face. Now that you understand some of the common causes and solutions to sensitive teeth, you can speak with your dentist today to get help.

What are the Common Causes & Solutions for Sensitive Teeth?

Did you know that if left untreated, tooth sensitivity can lead to serious dental problems such as gum disease? It also causes tooth pain and discomfort when you consume cold, hot, sweet or acidic foods or when your teeth are exposed to cold air. The experts from our family dental clinic have put together this guide about the symptoms, common causes, solutions, and treatment for sensitive teeth. Read on to learn how to get some relief from this dental condition.

What Causes Sensitive Teeth?

Tooth sensitivity can happen to anyone. Exposed pulp and roots or eroded enamel often make your teeth sensitive, causing toothache. Here are a few common causes:

  • Brushing Too Hard
    Using incorrect brushing techniques or a toothbrush that has hard bristles can erode the enamel and expose the dentin. This is why it helps to consult with your family dentist to find a gentler yet effective brushing solution.
  • Irregular Flossing
    Flossing is crucial to maintain good oral hygiene and should be part of your dental routine. However, irregular flossing leads to plaque buildup, increasing the chances of tooth sensitivity and gum diseases.
  • Demineralization
    It occurs when the mineral content in enamel is reduced. This eventually causes your teeth to become more sensitive and makes your teeth more vulnerable to infections. Consuming acidic foods and sugary drinks is the primary cause of demineralization.
  • Teeth Grinding
    Grinding wears down your teeth, causing them to chip or crack, and also damages the enamel. This increases the chances of exposing the dentin, making your teeth more sensitive and susceptible to decay.
  • Diet
    Regularly consuming acidic foods and beverages such as soda, pickles, tea, and more can wear down the tooth enamel, increasing the chances of sensitivity.

Solutions & Treatment for Tooth Sensitivity

If you are suffering from sensitive teeth, visiting your family dentist can help you get relief from the pain. Depending on the causes, here are a few dental procedures and treatments that they may recommend to help you:

  • Mouth Guard
    If you have the habit of grinding your teeth, it helps to wear a mouth guard to reduce sensitivity and the resulting pain and discomfort.
  • Fluoride Varnish
    Applying a fluoride gel recommended by your family dentist can help reduce some of the discomfort and pain caused by tooth sensitivity. It also helps to strengthen your tooth enamel.
  • Dental Sealants
    Dental sealants are a temporary solution for tooth sensitivity. They are a thin coating of resin that your dentist can apply onto your teeth to protect the enamel.
  • Bonding Agent
    If the tooth sensitivity is because of the exposed roots, your dentist may recommend using a bonding agent. They will apply it over the exposed area to help reduce your pain.
  • Root Canal
    If no other options seem to work, your dentist may advise a root canal treatment. They will remove the pulp to help reduce your discomfort and tooth pain.

Get the Best Solution for Tooth Sensitivity with Us

At our Family Dental Care clinic in Ottawa, we strive to help our patients get relief from dental conditions and maintain healthy oral hygiene. We have qualified dentists to help determine the cause of any dental problem and recommend accurate solutions.

If you are suffering from tooth sensitivity, we can help you. Call us at 613-736-5000 (South) or 613-627-3500 (Downtown) to schedule your appointment.

10 Biggest Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Does drinking an ice cold beverage cause dental discomfort? Or do you find yourself wincing when you brush or floss? You could have what’s known as tooth sensitivity.

You don’t have to put up with the pain, however. There are things you can do to lessen tooth sensitivity and improve your oral health, says Leslie Seldin, DDS, a dentist in New York City and an associate professor of dentistry at the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine.

Here’s why you could be experiencing this mouth malady — and steps you can take to find relief for sensitive teeth:

1. You brush with too much gusto. Sometimes tooth sensitivity comes from brushing with too much force or using a hard-bristled toothbrush. Over time, you can wear down the protective layers of your teeth and expose microscopic hollow tubes or canals that lead to your dental nerves. When these tubes are exposed to extreme temperatures or acidic or sticky foods, tooth sensitivity and discomfort can result. The simplest solution is to switch to a toothbrush with softer bristles and to be gentler when brushing.

2. You eat acidic foods. If the pathways to your nerves are exposed, acidic foods such as tomato sauce, lemon, grapefruit, kiwi, and pickles can cause pain. But avoiding these foods can help you avoid any tooth discomfort.

3. You’re a tooth-grinder. Even though tooth enamel is the strongest substance in your body, grinding your teeth can wear down the enamel. By doing so, you expose the dentin, or the middle layer of the tooth, which contains the hollow tubes that lead to your nerves. Talk to your dentist about finding a mouth guard that can stop you from grinding. The best guards are custom-made to fit your bite, Dr. Seldin says.

4. You use tooth-whitening toothpaste. Many manufacturers add tooth-whitening chemicals to their toothpaste formulas, and some people are more sensitive to them than others. If your toothpaste contains whitening agents, consider switching to one that doesn’t.

5. You’re a mouthwash junkie. Like whitening toothpaste, some over-the-counter mouthwashes and rinses contain alcohol and other chemicals that can make your teeth more sensitive — especially if your dentin’s exposed. Instead, try neutral fluoride rinses or simply skip the rinse and be more diligent about flossing and brushing.

6. You’ve got gum disease. Receding gums, which are increasingly common with age (especially if you haven’t kept up with your dental health), can cause tooth sensitivity. If gum disease or gingivitis is the problem, your dentist will come up with a plan to treat the underlying disease, and may also suggest a procedure to seal your teeth.

7. You have excessive plaque. The purpose of flossing and brushing is to remove plaque that forms after you eat. An excessive buildup of plaque can cause tooth enamel to wear away. Again, your teeth can become more sensitive as they lose protection provided by the enamel. The solution is to practice good daily dental care and visit your dentist for cleanings every six months — or more frequently if necessary.

8. You’ve had a dental procedure. It’s common to experience some sensitivity after a root canal, an extraction, or the placement of a crown. If symptoms don’t disappear after a short time, you should schedule another visit to your dentist, as it could be a sign of infection.

9. Your tooth is cracked. A chipped or cracked tooth can cause pain that goes beyond tooth sensitivity. Your dentist will need to evaluate your tooth and decide the right course of treatment, such as a cap or an extraction.

10. There is decay around the edges of fillings. As you get older, fillings can weaken and fracture or leak around the edges. It’s easy for bacteria to accumulate in these tiny crevices, which causes acid buildup and enamel breakdown. Be sure to see your dentist if you notice this type of tooth sensitivity between visits; in most cases, fillings can be easily replaced.

Tooth sensitivity is treatable. In fact, you might find that using toothpaste specifically made for sensitive teeth helps, Seldin says. However, these formulas don’t work for everyone.

If your sensitivity is extreme and persists no matter what steps you take, be sure to see your dentist for an evaluation. Only an office visit can determine the most likely cause of your tooth sensitivity and the best solution for your particular situation.

10 Easy Home Remedies to Get Relief from Sensitive Teeth

Do you experience a tingling pain in your teeth when you eat or drink something hot or cold? If yes, you might be experiencing tooth sensitivity. Here are ten easy home remedies for sensitive teeth that will soothe your pain and give you relief:

1. Desensitizing Toothpaste

esensitizing toothpaste can help relieve pain and prevent it from traveling to your brain. Avoid using toothpaste with components that irritate the nerves of your teeth.

2. Hydrogen Peroxide Mouthwash

Hydrogen peroxide is a mild antiseptic disinfectant that acts as an effective remedy for sensitive teeth. Rinsing your mouth with hydrogen peroxide solution can heal gums and prevent inflammation.

3. Green Tea

It contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Rinse your mouth with unsweetened green tea twice a day to reduce inflammation and strengthen your teeth.

4. Honey and Warm Water

Honey is an antibacterial agent that will accelerate oral healing. Rinse your mouth with warm water and honey to reduce pain resulting from sensitivity.

5. Capsaicin

You can use capsaicin (which contains analgesic properties) as a mouthwash or gel to reduce pain.

6. Turmeric

Turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties. You can massage turmeric on the affected teeth to reduce pain. Otherwise, you can make a topical paste using turmeric, mustard oil, and salt and apply this paste to the gums and teeth twice a day to alleviate pain.

7. Saltwater Rinse

Salt is an antiseptic agent that reduces inflammation. To reduce pain in sensitive teeth, rinse your mouth with a saltwater solution for 30 seconds and then spit it out.

8. Vanilla Extract

Vanilla contains pain-relieving and antiseptic properties. To treat sensitivity, take a cotton ball, dip it in the vanilla extract, and apply the cotton ball to the teeth and gums for a few minutes.

9. Clove Oil

It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. For best results, pour some drops of clove oil on a cotton ball. Then, apply it to the affected area till the pain subsides. You can also chew the clove for 20-30 minutes until the pain recedes.

10. Coconut Oil

Swish coconut oil in your mouth for 20 seconds, and then spit it out. This process is known as oil pulling for sensitive teeth and can reduce sensitivity while promoting healthier teeth and gums.

What Causes Sensitive Teeth All of a Sudden?

Temporary tooth sensitivity is common, but experiencing the pain regularly when you eat or drink something is indicative of serious dental issues. Dentin, an essential part of the tooth, is protected by hard enamel at the top and cementum at the root. Dentin can be sensitive, as it contains microscopic tubules that connect to the tooth pulp housing the nerves. Therefore, if dentin losses its protective shield (enamel and cementum), the nerves will be exposed, causing sensitivity.

Other causes of sensitive teeth include:

  • Cavities
  • Worn fillings
  • Exposed roots
  • Gum disease
  • Injuries
  • Receding gums
  • Worn tooth enamel

Does a Sensitive Tooth Mean You Need a Root Canal?

Experiencing tooth sensitivity does not mean you need a root canal. However, people who do not need a root canal may experience sensitivity that does not go away even after they stop drinking or eating hot or cold food. A root canal may be necessary to clean out the decay, treat the pain, or when there is infection and inflammation in the soft tissue inside the root. So, how do you know if you need a root canal?

Some warning signs that indicate the need for a root canal include:

  • Tooth discoloration resulting from an infected tooth pulp
  • Tooth sensitivity that persists for a long period
  • Continuous pain in the tooth bone, face, jaw, or in the other teeth
  • Swollen gums near the painful tooth
  • Tooth mobility caused by nerve death
  • A chipped or cracked tooth resulting from an accident or injury
  • A painful sensation when you eat or touch the concerned tooth

A root canal is an effective and simple procedure that requires one or two visits and causes little to no pain or discomfort. If you are looking for effective and affordable root canal treatment or are experiencing frequent teeth sensitivity, we can help. Visit our dental care team at Smile Arizona Dentistry, Scottsdale, AZ, or contact us today to schedule an appointment.

Smile Arizona Dentistry

Smile Arizona Dentistry provides high-quality preventive, restorative, and cosmetic dental solutions, and is located in Scottsdale, AZ. We have cutting-edge modern dental technologies, exceptionally skilled and compassionate dentists, pleasant environment, and amazing staff members, available at your service. We also proudly serve the patients coming from nearby communities, including Tempe, Mesa, and Phoenix.

How to relieve hypersensitivity of teeth

Hyperesthesia – hypersensitivity of tooth enamel, manifested by short-term pain when exposed to external stimuli. Most often, symptoms are observed on the front teeth, which react painfully to biting, hot, cold. Hypersensitivity can manifest itself to sweet and sour, there is discomfort when brushing your teeth. Hyperesthesia must be fought, and the earlier treatment begins, the better.In advanced cases, the enamel is completely destroyed, and the affected teeth have to be removed. Let’s try to figure out how to remove the increased sensitivity of the teeth, what means are used for this, and how the development of the disease can be prevented.


To understand how to reduce the sensitivity of teeth, you need to understand the causes of pain and remove irritating factors.

Dentists identify systemic and non-systemic causes of hyperesthesia.For example:

  • Improper oral care. These include hard-bristled brushes, overuse of teeth whitening. These factors thin the enamel, which contributes to the development of the disease.
  • Mechanical damage. Any chips and cracks expose the nerve endings. As a result, the sensitivity of the tooth enamel to external stimuli increases. To avoid problems, dentists do not recommend constantly gnawing seeds, opening hard packages with your teeth, biting wire, etc.
  • Genetic predisposition. In some people, the increased abrasion of tooth enamel is at the genetic level. To avoid complications, you need to regularly visit the dental office.

Systemic factors include changes in the body and diseases in which increased sensitivity of the teeth is a side effect:

  • Viral ailments;
  • Infection;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Hormonal failure;
  • Pathology of the digestive tract;
  • Lack of minerals and vitamins.

The person learns immediately that the sensitivity of the teeth has increased. The main symptom is acute short-term pain lasting 10-30 seconds. Pain can occur locally or cover the entire dentition.

Doctors distinguish three stages of hyperesthesia:

  • First – the enamel reacts to temperature: hot / cold;
  • Second – a reaction to a change in acidity: sweet, salty, spicy;
  • Third – the teeth react to any stimulus, including light touch.

Dentists offer several methods to reduce tooth sensitivity at home. However, it should be remembered that you will not be able to quickly get rid of the problem. To be effective, treatment must be supervised by a physician and all therapy must be prescribed by a professional dentist.

1. Ointments and gels

They help to get rid of severe pain, for example, if the sensitivity of the teeth is aggravated by external factors: whitening, filling, removal. For this, the following tools are suitable:

  • President Sensitiv;
  • Fluocal;
  • GS Tooth Mousse.

Ointments are applied with cotton swabs directly on the enamel, after the procedure it is recommended not to eat for 30 minutes. The films of Diplain Dent F have proven themselves quite well. The tape is glued to the teeth, left for 7-8 hours.

2. Rinses for hyperesthesia

These are preparations for rinsing the oral cavity, helping to reduce the sensitivity of tooth enamel.Means of this line are divided into prophylactic and curative. The first ones are used independently, the second ones – only as directed by the dentist.

The most effective are:

  • Desensin Plus;
  • Colgate Plax;
  • Parodontol PROF.

Preparations help to reduce or completely eliminate tooth hypersensitivity. Rinsing should be done immediately after eating, following the instructions on the package. Oral irrigators help to simplify the procedure.These are simple but effective rinses that effectively clean the interdental space with water or a special rinse aid. The power is adjustable, so even with increased sensitivity of the tooth enamel, discomfort is not felt.

3.Toothpastes for sensitive teeth

For teeth with a high level of sensitivity, special toothpastes have been developed with an increased content of fluoride and calcium. From medicinal pastes, dentists recommend:

  • Blendamed PRO Expert;
  • Silka Complete;
  • Sensodyne;
  • Splat;
  • Lacquers.

If your teeth are hypersensitive, you must not use whitening pastes.

4.Correct brushing of your teeth

It is very important how and with what you brush your teeth. More than 60% of people suffering from hypersthesia have earned it by improperly brushing their teeth.

As in no case should you brush your teeth:

  • Do not use hard toothbrushes.
  • Do not make sharp longitudinal movements when cleaning.The teeth should be brushed with a gentle movement from the gum to the edge of the tooth.
  • Do not put too much pressure on your teeth. Abrupt pressing movements erase the enamel.
  • Do not clean teeth and interdental spaces with toothpicks. With them, you scratch the surface of the tooth and erase the enamel.

The ideal way to brush for sensitive teeth is to combine a soft bristled toothbrush, healing toothpaste and rinse with an irrigator to remove stuck food and prevent it.You need to use a toothbrush 2 times a day, an irrigator can be used daily or 3-4 times a week.

5. Diet change

What to do if teeth react painfully to food? At the first stage, irritants must be excluded from the diet:

  • Citrus fruits: in pure form and juices based on them;
  • Pickles;
  • Spicy dishes;
  • Sweets;
  • Smoked products;
  • Solid foods.

It is also recommended to monitor the temperature of food: do not drink hot drinks, avoid cold ones. It is necessary to refuse temperature drops that negatively affect the state of the enamel. For example, sensitive teeth will instantly react if you eat ice cream with a cup of hot coffee.

The diet should include foods with a high calcium content: milk, cottage cheese, cheese. It is useful to eat fish and liver – it contains many trace elements necessary to strengthen the tooth enamel.

6. Treatment of hyperesthesia at home

To reduce the sensitivity of the teeth at home and carry out preventive treatment will help:

  • Soft toothbrush
  • Daily and thorough cleaning of teeth
  • Fluorinated rinses
  • Desensitizing Toothpaste

At home, decoctions of medicinal herbs and plants also help to remove the sensitivity of the teeth. From folk remedies are suitable:

  • Pharmacy chamomile;
  • Oak bark;
  • Saline solution;
  • Propolis;
  • Tea tree oil.

IMPORTANT: How to treat increased sensitivity of enamel, it is better to check with your dentist. The doctor will tell you which folk recipes are more suitable for the patient, taking into account drug therapy.

7.Treatment in the dental office

If you notice that your teeth have become too sensitive, you should contact your dentist, who will prescribe a complex therapy. All decoctions, gels, ointments or pastes can be used, but it is better to do this as directed by your doctor.

In difficult cases, when the teeth have reached the third stage of hyperesthesia, it is necessary to visit a doctor. Based on the results of analyzes and the individual characteristics of the patient, the course of treatment is determined or procedures and operations are prescribed in the dentist’s office.

To prevent increased tooth sensitivity, it is enough to observe the following rules:

  1. It is better to refuse toothpicks and brushes with stiff bristles. Sonic or regular brushes with soft bristles are suitable for cleaning the surface of the teeth, and irrigators are suitable for removing food debris, which do not irritate the gums or damage the enamel.
  2. Remove calculus in time. At the same time, it is not recommended to do teeth whitening on your own. This is only done in the dentist’s office.
  3. Do not overuse solid foods, include vitamins and minerals in your daily diet.
  4. See your dentist regularly. A preventive examination must be carried out annually. If there is a predisposition to hyperesthesia – twice a year.
  5. Use desensitizing pastes that can strengthen your enamel.
  6. Use a fluorinated rinse aid. To achieve the effect, the duration of the procedure should be 2-3 minutes. A course of remineralization will help to avoid discomfort from drugs with a high content of potassium and fluoride salts.

Tooth sensitivity is not a death sentence. With proper and timely treatment, this problem can be eliminated. The main thing is not to start the situation.

Suitable products

Questions and Answers

Can I use an irrigator if my teeth are sensitive?

Yes, use warm water and a low power irrigator to brush your teeth.As you get used to it, you can increase the power of the water supply.

How to strengthen tooth enamel: remedies and recommendations

Enamel is the outer hard shell of the visible part of the teeth.It protects them from daily mechanical and chemical stress. In this article, we will tell you what you need to know about enamel hardening.

Demineralization of enamel

The enamel is 97% composed of hydroxyapatite crystals, a small amount of water (2-3%) and organic matter (1-2%). During life, it can wear out and deteriorate for various reasons.

Demineralization is a process by which enamel loses useful minerals (primarily calcium), on which its integrity and strength depends.

There are two main reasons for demineralization.

  • Poor oral hygiene in which bacteria multiply and produce acid that destroys enamel.
  • Excess carbohydrates in the diet – a breeding ground for bacteria.

At first, changes in the state of the enamel are not noticeable, but if the plaque is not removed in time, whitish spots appear (early stage of caries), and then full-fledged caries. Further – only to the dentist.

In the white spot stage, caries can still be prevented. To do this, you need to saturate the enamel with minerals that will increase the resistance to acids. Enamel can be strengthened both at home and in the dentist’s office.

Indications for enamel strengthening

  • Caries at any stage.
  • Baby teeth.
  • Pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding.
  • Discomfort or toothaches while eating.
  • Condition before and after teeth whitening.
  • Orthodontic treatment (braces).
  • Chipped, scratched and cracked teeth.
  • Bite anomalies and, as a result, pathological abrasion.
  • Long-term drug therapy.

How to strengthen tooth enamel


Fluoridation is the most common and only proven effective way to strengthen enamel.It consists in applying fluoride compounds to the surface of the teeth.

Penetrating into the tooth enamel, fluoride accelerates the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, strengthening and restoring the tooth surface. It happens like this: fluorine molecules combine with hydroxyapatite, forming hydroxyfluoroapatite – a mineral that is resistant to the action of acids.

Learn more about the benefits of fluoride

For home care and caries prevention, you can use fluoride toothpastes.The most effective are compounds with sodium fluoride and aminofluorides. The higher the fluorine content, the stronger the remineralizing properties of the paste and the protection against caries.

The fluoride concentration in toothpaste is measured in ppm or percent. If the tube says that it contains 900 ppm of fluorine, then there will be 900 mg of this element in a kilogram of paste.

Pasta type


Fluorine amount

Preventive For daily use. up to 1000 ppm
Healing Intensive strengthening of the enamel at the first sign of caries. The time of application is limited by the course prescribed by the doctor. 1000-1500 ppm

Fluoride Toothpaste


The composition of medical nanohydroxyapatite does not differ from the natural one.Thanks to this, it is easily embedded in the enamel crystal lattice and solves the following tasks.

  • Seals micro cracks.
  • Reduces the sensitivity of the teeth.
  • Eliminates caries at the stage of white spot.
Hydroxyapatite toothpastes

Amorphous Calcium Phosphate

Upon contact with saliva and hydroxyapatite, this element forms a special biofilm on the surface of the teeth, which:

  • protects enamel from the harmful effects of acids;
  • provides a combination of bioavailable calcium with enamel, accelerating its remineralization.


Since the active ingredient is derived from cow’s milk casein, this enamel strengthening method is not suitable for people with milk protein allergies.

Gels and toothpastes with amorphous calcium phosphate


This is the youngest, most innovative way to strengthen enamel using cocoa bean extract. Theobromine stimulates the formation of its own crystals of hydroxyapatite in the enamel.Theobromine pastes are produced by Theodent brand.

The above remedies can be used at home to prevent and treat minor oral problems.

Children’s toothpastes for enamel strengthening

Fluoride is an important component in the care of children’s teeth. However, with frequent swallowing of the paste, fluoride accumulates in the body and can cause unpleasant consequences.

From pastes for adults, children’s enamel strengthening paste is distinguished by the concentration of fluorides (chemical compounds of fluoride).
For babies, it is better to purchase a paste without fluoride, for older children – with a small content (up to 500 ppm), and better with its organic form (aminofluoride, olaflur).

Vitamins for tooth enamel

Calcium is the main element of the skeletal system. However, the body does not fully assimilate it: it is necessary to supplement calcium with vitamins D and E.

Vitamin Purpose Products
Vitamin D From increased sensitivity of enamel. Fatty fish (salmon, trout, mackerel), cod liver oil, beef liver, dairy products (especially butter), egg yolk, mushrooms, sunflower seeds.
Vitamin E To nourish the tissues of the teeth and the resistance of the mucous membranes to bacteria. Sunflower seeds, soybean oil, almonds, cereals and legumes, walnuts, green leafy vegetables.

Prevention of tooth enamel destruction

  • Eat foods rich in alkali : they reduce the risk of tooth decay.First of all, these are vegetables and fruits.
  • Balance to pH in the body. Increased acidity causes calcium deficiency. Avoid foods high in acids and sugars.
  • Heat treatment kills some of the nutrients in vegetables – the building material for cells. At least from time to time Eat vegetables raw for more nutrients.
  • Drink plenty of water .It is necessary for normal salivation. Saliva enzymes protect teeth from bacteria.
  • Do not overuse brightening pastes : as a rule, they have a high degree of abrasiveness, this can be harmful to the enamel.
  • Do not abuse whitening compounds : their active substances have a detrimental effect on the enamel without additional care.
  • Choose a paste with one of the active ingredients listed above .
90,000 symptoms, causes and treatment | Colgate®

What is tooth sensitivity

Hypersensitivity of the teeth (hypersensitivity or hyperesthesia [1] ) is a condition, the main symptom of which is the soreness of the teeth when exposed to various external stimuli.


If the sensitivity of the teeth is increased, it manifests itself in the form of a short-term painful reaction to various stimuli, for example, temperature, touch, chemical factor (sour, salty or sweet food) [2] .Pain and discomfort can be caused by the most common activities: eating, drinking, touching with a toothbrush, and even inhaling cold air.

In this case, hypersensitivity may develop as one or several teeth or even the entire dentition. The most common complaint of patients is called root sensitivity to cold liquid [2] .


According to various estimates, in Russia, sensitive teeth are found in about 40-70% of the population [2] .Roughly the same figures are typical for other countries. So, according to the WHO [3] , the prevalence of hyperesthesia in the world reaches 57%. It most often develops in people between the ages of 20 and 55 [2] .

“Dental hypersensitivity usually occurs more often and at a younger age in women than in men. Some authors believe that these differences are associated with better oral hygiene and the consumption of more acidic foods in women “

” Increased tooth sensitivity “, d.M.Sc. Krikheli N.I., Kovalenko T.V.

Causes of tooth sensitivity

Acute pain and discomfort accompanying increased sensitivity are caused by exposure of dentin – the hard tissue of the tooth [4] . Normally, the coronal part is covered with enamel, the root part – with cement, and also covered with the gum. If, due to loss of enamel and / or cement, gum loss, some part of the dentin is exposed, tooth sensitivity develops [2] .

At the same time, dentin is normally insensitive by itself. However, when irritants hit its surface, they cause fluid movement in the tubules of this bone tissue [2] . In turn, this indirectly affects the nerve endings located in the pulp and causes painful sensations [4] .

Among the reasons leading to the appearance of sensitive teeth, there are [5] :

For the appearance of tooth sensitivity, the action of even one risk factor is sufficient, although they often act in a complex manner.

Treatment of dental hypersensitivity

Mechanism of action of agents used to reduce the sensitivity of teeth

The action of desensitizing agents is based on reducing the movement of fluid in the dentinal tubules in response to external stimuli. To do this, use procedures and tools that [2] :

  • “seal” open dentinal tubules using special substances – desensitizers;
  • reduce the volume of the tubules with the help of remineralizing agents, as if “filling” them.

This protection of exposed dentin reduces the negative effects of irritants and prevents the movement of fluid within the tubules with subsequent transmission of impulses from the tooth surface to the nerve endings [5] .

Types of treatment

Treatment of hypersensitive teeth can be divided into professional dental procedures and those that are available for use at home.

First of all, treatment is aimed at eliminating existing dental pathologies (for example, caries or chipped enamel).After all the necessary manipulations, desensitizing therapy is carried out using special means that reduce hypersensitivity. Most often, specialists use high-fluoride varnishes, composite materials, glass ionomer cements, dentine adhesives and laser [2] .

As a rule, in the absence of carious cavities or other violations of the integrity of the tooth, doctors recommend starting treatment with the use of special products intended for home use.If there is no improvement within 3-4 weeks, professional advice and assistance should be sought [4] .

Home remedies for sensitive teeth

At home, you can reduce tooth hypersensitivity with the help of desensitizing oral care products: toothpastes, gels, rinses. Toothpastes are the most common treatment for hypersensitivity due to their low cost, ease of use and availability [2] .

It is recommended to use products specially designed for sensitive teeth (labeled sensitive) [4] . The composition of special pastes distinguishes:

  • very soft abrasive or no abrasive;
  • Desensitizing agents.

Traditional desensitizing agents include potassium nitrate, sodium citrate, sodium fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate and others [2] .Often, the composition of products, including rinses, includes fluorides – fluoride compounds that promote enamel remineralization and protect against caries, as well as inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria in the oral cavity [7] . Research data show that fluorides have a positive effect on dentin sensitivity reduction [4] .

High-performance innovative Pro-Argin ™ technology with arginine and calcium carbonate forms the basis of Colgate daily desensitizing toothpaste from the Sensitive Pro-Relief range.The use of such a toothpaste at home provides a rapid decrease in hypersensitivity and long-term preservation of the effect obtained when brushing teeth twice a day [8] .

Prevention of tooth sensitivity

Preventive measures are aimed at:

  • reduction of trauma to tooth tissues and enamel abrasion;
  • Remineralization of enamel.

First, it is recommended to pay attention to the procedure for caring for the oral cavity.For daily cleaning, it is necessary to use pastes without aggressive abrasives and toothbrushes with ultra-soft bristles. The optimal time for the procedure is 2 minutes, the regularity is 2 times a day (after breakfast and before bedtime). It is important to hold the brush at an angle of 45 degrees to the gum and not to make side-to-side movements – this way the enamel wears out faster.

Secondly, it is necessary to use dental floss to clean the interdental space. This removes the bacterial film and protects the root from exposure.

Thirdly, experts advise to exclude sour and aggressive foods from the diet, use a straw for drinking fruit juices, and rinse your mouth after eating fruit. It is necessary to increase the proportion of fermented milk products in the diet, as well as foods rich in fiber, including green vegetables and whole grains.

Fourth, it is necessary to regularly attend preventive examinations with a specialist, to carry out professional remineralizing and desensitizing procedures [9] .

List of sources
  1. Dentistry. Textbook Aleksandrov M.T., Bazhanov N.N., Medvedev Yu.A., Platonova V.V., Sergeev Yu.N. / Ed. N.N. Bazhanov. – M .: GEOTAR, 2008.
  2. Krikheli N.I., Kovalenko T.V. Increased sensitivity of teeth // Russian dentistry. 2012; 5 (2): 38-41 https://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/rossijskaya-stomatologiya/2012/2/032072-6406201227 (date accessed: 01/30/2020).
  3. Belenova I.A., Zyablova E.I., Kudryavtsev O.A., Andreeva E.A., Belenov I.S. Modern aspects of etiology, pathogenesis, diagnostics and methods of treatment of hypersensitivity of dental hard tissues // Scientific Bulletin of BelSU. Series: Medicine. Pharmacy. 2019. No. 2. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sovremennye-aspekty-etiologii-patogeneza-diagnostiki-i-metodov-lecheniya-povyshennoy-chuvstvitelnosti-tverdyh-tkaney-zubov 20 (date of access: 30.01.2020).
  4. Dentin sensitivity: diagnostics, treatment: textbook.-method. allowance / L. N. Dedova, A. S. Solomevich. – Minsk: BSMU, 2006. http://rep.bsmu.by/bitstream/handle/BSMU/4323/%D0%A7%D1%83%D0%B2%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2 % D0% B8% D1% 82% D0% B5% D0% BB% D1% 8C% D0% BD% D0% BE% D1% 81% D1% 82% D1% 8C% 20% D0% B4% D0% B5 % D0% BD% D1% 82% D0% B8% D0% BD% D0% B0.pdf? Sequence = 1 & isAllowed = y (date accessed: 23.02.
  5. Sensitive teeth. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/s/sensitive-teeth . (date of access: 30.01.2020).
  6. Khoshchevskaya IA Hypersensitivity of teeth in children and adolescents // MS. 2013. No. 1. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/giperchuvstvitelnost-zubov-u-detey-i-podrostkov (date accessed: 30.01.
  7. Fernández CE, Fontana M, Samarian D, Cury JA, Rickard AH, González-Cabezas C. Effect of Fluoride-Containing Toothpastes on Enamel Demineralization and Streptococcus mutans Biofilm Architecture. Caries Res. 2016; 50 (2): 151-8.doi: 10.1159 / 000444888. Epub 2016 Apr 14. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27073873 (date accessed: 23.02.2020).
  8. Makeeva M.K. Pro-Argin technology and high purity calcium carbonate: whitening without side effects. Literature review. Dentistry Today 2011; 2: 102.
  9. Samarina Ya.P. Increased sensitivity of teeth // Scientific Review. Medical sciences. – 2017. – No. 4 – P. 88-91. https: // science-medicine.ru / ru / article / view? id = 1019 (date accessed: 01/30/2020).

How to relieve hypersensitivity of teeth after whitening

An unpleasant situation of discomfort caused by pain of seemingly completely healthy teeth, arising from any touch of even a soft toothbrush, is called hyperesthesia, or, more simply, hypersensitivity. Acute, short-term pain when inhaling frosty air through the mouth, eating sweet, hot, cold, sour drinks and foods is manifested in a huge number of people.

Causes of hypersensitivity

In case of violation of the integrity of the tooth enamel and lack of calcium, the nerve endings in dentin reacts sharply to external stimuli, transmitting impulses to the central nervous system. As a result, there are unpleasant sensations up to sharp pain. Women are more likely to suffer from increased sensitivity of teeth. Sometimes the reason lies in whitening toothpaste and too hard a brush.

Before you start self-whitening, you should consult a specialist of high-quality German dentistry.Teeth sensitivity is common after bleaching. This is the result of negligent work or the use of an inappropriate bleaching method.

Sensitivity is exacerbated by periodontal diseases, carious, and broken teeth as a result of trauma. Products with a high acid content, such as lemons, have a destructive effect on enamel. After consuming such products, you need to rinse your mouth, and it is recommended to brush your teeth after 30 minutes. Increased sensitivity of the teeth can occur against the background of endocrine or neuropsychiatric diseases.An unbalanced diet, poor in vitamins and microelements, too hot food and icy drinks, sweet, spicy, sour – all this has a detrimental effect on the teeth.

How to treat hyperesthesia

The increased sensitivity of teeth after teeth whitening will help to reduce the saline solution. Dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Another option is a soda solution with added tea tree essential oil. Decoctions of chamomile, burdock, oak bark will help. Massaging your gums daily will improve circulation and nourishment of your teeth.Chewing a piece of propolis has a good effect. The procedure can be repeated several times a week.

It is advisable to carry out the fluoridation procedure twice a year. And, the old proven grandmother’s method, which reduces the sensitivity of the teeth. Drinking warm cow’s milk (without preservatives) in small sips, holding in the mouth for a few seconds.

Fluoride varnish is recognized as a good remedy for tooth sensitivity. It covers the tooth and saturates it with fluoride. While the varnish wears off, the enamel is slightly restored, and the sensitivity is reduced.

In case of tooth sensitivity, it is recommended to use a therapeutic toothpaste aimed at reducing tooth sensitivity.

90,000 Best Ways and Remedies for Sensitive Teeth | Women’s site www.inmoment.ru

The medical term “hyperesthesia” means increased sensitivity of the teeth, and this problem is not so rare: according to statistics, about 40% of people know about it firsthand. You can talk about sensitive teeth if literally everything irritates them: not only the touch of a toothbrush, but also cold air, cold drinks, salty, sweet or sour – the teeth respond to this with instant pain, and this greatly spoils the mood, and the state of health also worsens – which means that the problem must be solved.We will talk about what to do if your teeth become sensitive in this article.

Why is this happening?

Why do teeth become sensitive, where does sensitivity come from? Perhaps the enamel is damaged, or the nerve tubules are dilated, which means that the destructive effects must be eliminated. The enamel can be destroyed due to the inappropriate paste or brush, due to excessive enthusiasm for sweets, soda, black coffee and tea, due to smoking, or due to the habit of grinding teeth; sometimes a person grinds his teeth in a dream, and then you need to contact a specialist – perhaps this is a nervous disease.

It is generally better to be examined “according to the full program”: teeth can become sensitive due to disorders of phosphorus-calcium metabolism, endocrine disorders, infectious diseases, etc.

Dental procedures can also make teeth too sensitive – sometimes it appears after whitening or after removing tartar. Too thin tooth enamel can also cause sensitive teeth.

What to do?

Of course, if you feel something like this, you need to go to the dentist for a course of special treatment.Dentists will do everything to close the nerve tubules: for this they have special preparations – remineralizing, that is, restoring tooth enamel, special varnishes, electrophoresis and other procedures. When the tubules are closed, the sensitivity decreases, and the tooth enamel becomes thicker and stronger.

Ways for sensitive teeth

Rinse your mouth with fluoride

At home, you can also reduce the sensitivity of your teeth by using rinses with fluoride, potassium and calcium, and using special toothpastes.For example, there is a paste with potassium chloride – Sensodyne F, which quickly relieves tooth sensitivity – the longer it is applied, the stronger the effect. You can use it constantly, or at least 8-9 months a year, alternating with other similar pastes. You need to buy such pastes in a reliable store or in a pharmacy – there are a lot of fakes today. But whitening toothpastes often cause increased sensitivity, as they can thin tooth enamel – unfortunately, many of these toothpastes still use aggressive components.

Apply healing films to teeth

Diplen healing films are also easy to apply at home. They are soaked in drugs, and they are glued to the teeth – for several hours in a row, the medicine is released and penetrates into the tooth enamel; it is not necessary to remove the remnants of the film – they will dissolve on their own.

Nutrition for sensitive teeth

Traditional medicine has so far accumulated a lot of drugs that reduce the sensitivity of the teeth, but their use still does not eliminate the cause of the problem.Therefore, a balanced diet and lifestyle are the first steps towards the restoration and strengthening of tooth enamel. With sensitive teeth and gums, you need to stop eating sugar and products containing it, and start eating more natural dairy products, cheese, carrots, fresh eggs; helps to restore teeth liver and sea fish. The substances that these products are rich in restore dental tissues, and their sensitivity returns to normal. If your teeth are sensitive and your gums become inflamed, you should try to eat wild berries: cloudberries, lingonberries, blackberries, blueberries – now they can be bought even in winter, frozen.You don’t need to eat anything too cold or hot, and besides, do it at the same time – for example, drink ice cream with hot coffee: it seems ridiculous, but many people do it. To preserve tooth enamel, you will have to get used to the fact that the temperature of food and drink should not be higher than 40 ° C.

The best folk remedies

Rinses with decoctions and infusions

Infusions and decoctions from sensitive teeth that strengthen enamel are known to the people a lot.A decoction of oak bark has long been used not only as an antiseptic and astringent, but also for gum disease; it also reduces the sensitivity of the teeth. It is simple to cook it: the bark (1 tablespoon) is poured with boiling water (200 ml), brought to a boil and cooked for 5-7 minutes over low heat. Rinse your mouth with a warm strained broth 2-3 times a day.

Preparations of the mountaineer snake not only reduce the sensitivity of the teeth, but also strengthen the gums and eliminate bad breath. Crushed mountaineer root (10 g) is poured with water (200 ml), covered, placed in a water bath and brought to a boil.Boil for about half an hour, cool the broth, filter, and use for rinsing 4 times a day.

A decoction of burdock works in a similar way, but it must be boiled for 2-3 minutes – 1 tsp. herbs in 250 g of boiling water – and then use in the same way.

Rinse with eggplant peel powder strengthens tooth enamel and gums. The peel must be well dried, crushed into powder, brewed with 1 tbsp. boiling water (200 g) of this powder, leave for 30 minutes, and rinse the mouth 4-5 times a day.

Rinses that reduce the sensitivity of teeth can be found quite a lot, including those with essential oils. Tea tree oil also eliminates bad breath. It is added to a glass of warm water (3 drops), after dissolving it in an emulsifier – for example, in soda, and rinse your mouth with this solution 3-4 times a day.

Warm milk

In addition to rinsing, there are other folk remedies. Few people know that warm boiled milk reduces the sensitivity of the teeth if you drink it in small sips, holding it in your mouth for 10-15 seconds.It is better to take homemade milk.

Useful propolis

Several times a day with sensitive teeth, it is good to chew small pieces of propolis – they can even be glued to the teeth at night: the active substances contained in it will penetrate into the tooth enamel and strengthen it.

Choose the Right Toothbrush

Teeth sensitivity depends a lot on the choice of toothbrush and how we are used to brushing our teeth. A toothbrush with stiff bristles is clearly not suitable here – the bristles should be soft, but at the same time penetrate into the space between the teeth.Floss should be used carefully, without undue zeal.

Dentists note that on the side from which we start brushing our teeth, they are always the most sensitive – therefore, right-handers usually have teeth pain and decay on the left side, and vice versa, the right side is problematic for left-handers. So it is better to start with the front teeth – they are less sensitive, and only then, when the force of pressure gradually softens, move on to other areas; you need to brush your teeth only from the bottom up – if you do the opposite, this will lead to a rapid thinning of the enamel.

What else makes teeth sensitive


If you decide on a teeth whitening procedure, choose laser or ultrasonic whitening, rather than a procedure using high temperatures or chemicals.

Periodontitis and caries

The cause of sensitive teeth is often periodontitis or incipient caries, which may not be too noticeable. So, if caries is manifested by white spots on the teeth, it can be stopped, the sensitivity of the teeth can be reduced and the destruction of enamel in this area can be prevented – you just need to contact your dentist in time and carry out a course of remineralization.The teeth are treated with special preparations, with calcium, and then with fluoride, in order to consolidate the procedure. When calcium penetrates into tooth enamel, it turns into hydroxyapatite, an important component of enamel that destroys microbes that cause tooth decay and periodontitis, as well as other diseases of the oral cavity.

Do not treat healthy teeth

By the way, the treatment of living teeth against caries can also cause increased sensitivity: during treatment, phosphoric acid is used to hold the fillings stronger – this has a negative effect on the tooth enamel.

Folk remedies are really effective, they can help with sensitive teeth, and even improve the condition of the tooth enamel, but it is imperative to consult a dentist – it is hardly possible to find out the reason for the increased sensitivity of teeth at home.

Why teeth become sensitive and what to do about it

Many people have experienced tooth sensitivity. I bit a sour apple or, for example, sipped sweet hot tea – and my jaw aches with sharp pain.The most annoying thing is that thorough oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist are not insurance against adversity.

What is tooth sensitivity

Doctors call this type of sharp pain hyperesthesia (hypersensitivity) of the teeth. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the tooth enamel that becomes sensitive, but the looser layer under it – dentin.

Dentin is literally permeated with the finest microtubes in which nerve endings run.As long as these microtubes are closed, clogged with enamel, there is no discomfort. But if the enamel is seriously thinned or chips appear on it, the nerve endings are exposed. Any irritant causes severe pain.

This symptom should be taken seriously. Otherwise, pretty soon you can find yourself with rapidly developing caries. In addition, tooth sensitivity can be a symptom of serious health problems.

Why teeth become sensitive

Caries, periodontal disease , chips on the tooth enamel – these reasons are on the surface, everything is clear with them.However, it happens that hyperesthesia occurs with absolutely intact, strong, well-groomed teeth. Why? There are many options.

1. You use mouthwash too often

Of course, fresh breath is important. But, by abusing rinsing, you run the risk of thinning tooth enamel. The fact is that such hygiene products often contain acids . If you cannot live without rinsing, ask your dentist to choose the most neutral product for you.

2. You love treats with tangible sourness

No, it’s not even about snacking on lemons with limes. It is often enough to be a lover of lemonade, tangerines, citrus juices, candies and other seemingly harmless delicacies that contain a dose of the acids already mentioned above.

The thickness of the tooth enamel and the sensitivity of nerve endings are individual factors. And if you are personally unlucky to have armor on your teeth and nerves, hyperesthesia may come to you earlier than you think.

3. You have whitened your teeth

This procedure has a wide range of contraindications, and it should only be performed by a truly experienced physician. But often in pursuit of a white-toothed smile, these theses are neglected. The consequences, alas, are quite painful.

4. You have a malocclusion

In childhood and adolescence, this factor may not cause problems. But with age, malocclusion becomes the cause of accelerated abrasion of the teeth. The enamel is getting thinner, and hyperesthesia is becoming more and more likely.Therefore, the bite should be corrected as soon as possible.

5. You have certain bad habits

For example, bite your nails or grit your teeth. All this leads to the formation of microcracks on the enamel, which open access to dentin for various irritants.

6. You have problems with your gums

With age, not only the teeth wear out, but also the gums : they recede from the teeth, exposing their roots. The roots do not have a strong enamel layer, so they are much more sensitive than the outer part of the teeth.Also, gums can recede due to tartar or smoking.

7. You have serious health problems

If more than one tooth demonstrates hypersensitivity, it may be a sign of diabetes .

Certain formulations for sensitive teeth can reduce the production of thyroid hormones. Therefore, it is important to exclude endocrine diseases before starting treatment.

Hyperesthesia is also a common symptom of diseases such as reflux esophagitis , accompanied by heartburn and acid belching, or bulimia.

How to reduce the sensitivity of teeth

If hypersensitivity in your case has already outgrown the stage “rarely, rarely, but it happens” and has caused regular discomfort, do not rely on grandmother’s recipes. Neither taking crushed eggshells nor rinsing your mouth with saline will restore damaged enamel.

Rinsing the mouth with warm milk or chamomile broth can reduce pain by covering microcracks on the enamel with a film. But this protection will last until the first brushing of your teeth or drinking water.

So don’t waste your time and go to the dentist. This specialist is qualified to identify or rule out the underlying causes of hyperesthesia. Your dentist will recommend one or more of the following procedures, depending on the results of your examination.

1. Cover the teeth with dental varnish

The varnish will close microcracks in the enamel and voids in the dentinal tubules, blocking the access of irritants to the nerve endings. Such varnishes are made on the basis of fluorides that strengthen the tooth enamel, and the procedure is called fluoridation.

2. Apply sealants and fillers

These are preparations that are denser than varnish. They are used to cover open tooth roots.

3. Use special dental pads

These will help if you grind your teeth at night. The dentist will make a model of your teeth (a kind of “false jaw”) that you can wear at night. This will relieve pressure on the enamel and ultimately reduce sensitivity.

4. Switch to toothpaste for sensitive teeth

These products contain special substances that not only strengthen the tooth enamel, but also reduce the sensitivity of dentin.The dentist will advise you which brand of paste to prefer. By the way, pay attention to desensitizing toothpastes – they can be used without a brush.

And, of course, be gentle with your teeth. Do not abuse hard brushes, vigorous cleaning and whitening pastes: they contain abrasive elements that abrade such an important enamel.

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The washing out of microelements and minerals from the enamel structure immediately affects the appearance of the teeth: microcracks appear; the shade of the enamel changes; the teeth begin to react to hot, cold, sour and salty foods.This problem can affect everyone, and therefore it is useful to know how to restore the structure of the teeth.

What is teeth remineralization?

Enamel has a porous structure, which provides acids with access to the enamel layer and allows you to wash out useful minerals, which entails demineralization of the teeth. In a healthy body, mineral replenishment occurs constantly, along with their leaching. However, when the acid-base balance is disturbed, the replacement of destroyed minerals is disturbed.Remineralization of teeth is a process of restoring tooth enamel by replenishing missing minerals.

Types of remineralization

There are two types of teeth remineralization – natural and artificial.

Natural remineralization involves the return of self-healing properties to enamel without the participation of the dentist. First of all, a complete diet is important: eating foods rich in fluoride, calcium, phosphorus (nuts, hard cheese, cottage cheese, meat, legumes, etc.).). In addition, it is necessary to take vitamin and mineral complexes, as well as use special toothpastes, rinses and gels for remineralizing teeth.

Artificial remineralization is a coating of tooth enamel with special protective fluorine-containing compounds or fluoride-free preparations.

Remineralization of teeth with fluoride varnish is carried out in two ways:

  • brush application;
  • use of a mouthguard made on the basis of a dental impression.

Formulations without fluorides are used, as a rule, to consolidate the result of treatment with fluorine-containing drugs.

Electrophoresis with calcium or fluorine ions is used to restore the mineral composition of the enamel. Deep fluoridation is also used to restore the structure of the teeth. The simultaneous use of calcium and fluorine makes it possible to create strong compounds that are not washed out of the structure for a long time.

Stages of the remineralization procedure in the clinic

The procedure is simple and painless.At the first stage, professional teeth cleaning is carried out using special pastes. Then the surface is treated with a 0.5-1% solution of hydrogen peroxide, after which the teeth are dried.

Then, within 20 minutes, tampons with 10% calcium gluconate solution are applied to the teeth, renewing them every 5 minutes. The last stage of the procedure is a 5-minute application of 2–4% sodium fluoride solution. Shown 15-20 daily sessions (it is permissible to carry out applications every other day).

To consolidate the effect, after the procedure, it is recommended to stop eating for 2 hours.