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Side effects of a stye: Sty/Stye (Hordeolum): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

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Sty/Stye (Hordeolum): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Overview

A sty is a red, painful bump that forms either on or inside the eyelid near the edge of the eyelashes.

What is a sty?

A sty (sometimes spelled “stye”) is a red, painful bump that forms either on or inside the eyelid near the edge of the eyelashes. A sty that appears on the outside of the upper or lower eyelid, the more usual location, is called an external sty. A sty that appears on the inside of the upper or lower eyelid is called an internal sty. A sty can look like an acne pimple.

The medical term for a sty is a hordeolum.

A sty is similar to another bump that occurs in the eyelid called a chalazion. A chalazion is a bump that usually occurs farther back on the eyelid. Unlike a sty, a chalazion is usually not painful and is not caused by a bacterial infection. Instead, a chalazion occurs when the opening of the oil-producing glands in the eyelid becomes clogged. Treatment for both conditions, however, is similar.

Symptoms and Causes

What causes a sty?

A sty is caused by a bacterial infection in the oil-producing glands in the eyelid. Oil-producing glands line the eyelids and help lubricate the surface of the eye.

What are the signs and symptoms of a sty?

Signs and symptoms of a sty include:

  • Painful red bump along the edge of the upper or lower eyelid near the base of the eyelashes
  • Swelling of the eyelid (sometimes the entire eyelid)
  • Crusting along the eyelid
  • Sensitivity to bright light
  • Sore, scratchy eye
  • Tearing of the eye
  • A feeling that there is something in the eye

Diagnosis and Tests

How is a sty diagnosed?

A sty is usually diagnosed by a visual exam of the eyelid.

What are the risk factors for developing a sty?

Styes are very common. Anyone can get a sty. However, you may be more likely to get a sty if you:

  • Have had a sty before
  • Have blepharitis (an inflammation of the eyelids)
  • Have certain skin conditions, such as acne rosacea or seborrheic dermatitits
  • Have diabetes
  • Have dry skin
  • Are experiencing hormonal changes
  • Have high lipid levels (“bad” cholesterol)

Management and Treatment

What are the treatments for a sty?

A sty usually will disappear on its own in a few days. However, to reduce the pain and swelling, a sty can be treated at home with self care. Treat as follows:

  • Apply a warm washcloth to the eyelid. Apply for 10 to 15 minutes at a time, 3 to 5 times a day. Rewarm washcloth as needed by soaking it in warm water. Wring out excess water, then reapply to the eyelid.
  • Gently wipe away eyelid drainage with mild soap such as Johnson’s baby shampoo and water, or eyelid wipes (available in drug stores).

Also follow these tips:

  • Do not squeeze or pop a sty.
  • Do not rub or touch your eyelid.
  • Do not wear makeup or contact lenses until the area has fully healed.

A sty that does not improve within 48 hours of self care may require medical treatment by a doctor. Treatments given by doctors include:

  • In-office incision (under local anesthesia) to drain the sty
  • Antibiotic ointment to apply to the eyelid or antibiotic eye drops. Sometimes antibiotic pills are prescribed if there is infection of the area surrounding the eye or after incision and drainage of an internal sty.
  • Steroid injection into the sty to reduce the swelling in the eyelid

Prevention

Can styes be prevented?

The best way to prevent a sty is by practicing good hygiene around your face and eyes, including:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly and often and especially before touching your face and eyes.
  • Wash your hands before and after removing contact lenses. Clean contacts with disinfectant and lens cleaning solution. Discard daily wear or other “limited use” lenses on the schedule recommended by your eye doctor.
  • Wash your face to remove dirt and/or makeup before going to bed.
  • Throw away all old or expired makeup. Replace mascara and eye shadow every 2 to 3 months. Never share or use another person’s makeup.

Living With

When should I see my eye doctor about a sty?

See your eye doctor if:

  • Your eye is swollen shut due to the swelling in the eyelid
  • Pus or blood is leaking from the bump
  • Pain and/or swelling increases after the first 2 to 3 days
  • Blisters have formed on your eyelid
  • Your eyelid feels hot
  • Your vision has changed
  • Styes keep recurring. If this happens, a biopsy (a small piece of the sty) may need to be taken to rule out other more serious problems.

Stye Lubricant Ophthalmic (Eye): Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing

Follow all directions on the product package. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Do not use a solution that has changed color or is cloudy. Certain brands (containing glycerin with polysorbates, among other ingredients) may have a milky appearance. This is okay as long as the solution does not change color. Some eye drops need to be shaken before use. Check the label to see if you should shake your product before using.

Usually, drops may be used as often as needed. Ointments are usually used 1 to 2 times daily as needed. If using an ointment once a day, it may be best to use it at bedtime.

To apply eye ointment/drops/gels: Wash hands first. To avoid contamination, be careful not to touch the dropper or top of the ointment tube or let it touch your eye. Always replace the cap tightly after each use. Tilt your head back, look up, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. For drops/gels, place the dropper directly over the eye and squeeze out 1 or 2 drops as needed. Look down and gently close your eye for 1 or 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of the eye near the nose and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining away from the eye. For an ointment, hold the tube directly over the eye and gently squeeze a small strip (one-fourth of an inch or roughly 6 millimeters) of ointment into the pouch. Release the eyelid, close the eye, and slowly roll your eye in all directions to spread the medication. Blot away any extra ointment from around the eye with a clean tissue.

If you are also using another kind of eye medication (e.g., drops or ointments), wait at least 5 minutes before applying other medications. Use eye drops before eye ointments to allow the eye drops to enter the eye.

If you wear contact lenses, remove them before using most kinds of eye lubricants. Ask your doctor or pharmacist when you may replace your contact lenses. There are a few types of eye lubricants (some that contain polysorbates) that can be used while wearing contact lenses. Check the package to see if you can wear your contact lenses while using your product.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens after 3 days.

Are Styes Contagious? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, & Prevention

If you notice a bump or pimple on your upper or lower eyelid, it might be a stye. It’s an infection in the oil glands around the eyelids.

You don’t have to worry about spreading a stye to someone else. It isn’t contagious.

Causes

Bacteria — most often a type called staphylococcus — are the root cause of styes. If bacteria infect an oil gland, you get an “internal stye.” When you get an infection on your eyelash follicle, it’s called an “external stye.”

A cut or other injury can open the area to bacteria that cause infection. Or you may simply touch or rub your eyes a lot, with hands that carry bacteria. It may happen more during allergy season when your eyes get itchy.

Symptoms

An external stye causes a small, red, painful lump at the base of your eyelash. Infection can cause a small pus spot at the tip of a stye that looks like a pimple. It can make your eye feel sore and scratchy. It also may be crusty, watery, and more sensitive to light. In some cases, your whole eyelid swells.

An internal stye, though still red and painful, may not be as noticeable, especially at first. But eventually, it could block a gland and cause oil to collect into a bump on your eyelid that doctors call a chalazion. The bump itself causes little or no pain unless it gets pretty large. Then it might even press on your eyeball and blur your vision.

Treatment

You might be tempted to try to squeeze your stye because it looks like a pimple. Resist the urge. If you squeeze and pop it, the infection could spread to other parts of your eye.

Instead, hold a warm, damp, clean, washcloth on your eyelid for 10-15 minutes, 3-5 times a day. Gently massage the area afterward. This can help soften, unclog, and drain a stye, and may help prevent them if you tend to get them regularly.

Call your doctor if any growth on your eye:

  • Doesn’t improve within a few days
  • Grows really fast
  • Starts to bleed
  • Affects your vision

Unusual color in the white of your eye or reddening in your cheeks or the rest of your face could be a sign of a spreading infection. If that happens, see your doctor as soon as possible.

Your doctor should be able to tell if you have a stye simply by taking a look at your eye, sometimes under a light that has a magnifying lens.

They might suggest antibiotics in pill or cream form to help get rid of a stye that won’t go away. In rare cases, your doctor may numb the area and use a needle to drain the fluid.

If you get a chalazion because of an internal stye, a steroid shot could help lessen some of the swelling.

Prevention

Washing up is key. Hands often carry dirt and germs that can infect or clog pores or hair follicles near your eye and cause a stye. Keep them clean with simple soap and warm water, or use a hand sanitizer that has alcohol.

Avoid touching your eyes. It can be tempting to rub your eyes when they’re itchy, especially during allergy season. Try to resist it and consider allergy medication if it helps with the itch.

If you wear makeup, wash it off each night before you go to bed so it won’t block pores and hair follicles. It’s also a good idea to get rid of makeup after about 6 months, and not to share it with other people to avoid bacteria.

Try not to use contact lenses if you already have a stye. Listen to your doctor about the best way to disinfect and clean them. Wash your hands thoroughly before you handle them.

Styes and Chalazia | CS Mott Children’s Hospital

Topic Overview

What are styes and chalazia?

Styes and chalazia are lumps in or along the edge of an eyelid. They may be painful or annoying, but they are rarely serious. Most will go away on their own without treatment.

  • A stye is an infection that causes a tender red lump on the eyelid. Most styes occur along the edge of the eyelid. When a stye occurs inside the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum (say “hor-dee-OH-lum”).
  • A chalazion (say “kuh-LAY-zee-on”) is a lump in the eyelid. Chalazia (plural) may look like styes, but they are usually larger and may not hurt.

Styes and chalazia may be related to blepharitis, a common problem that causes inflammation of the eyelids.

What causes a stye or chalazion?

Styes are caused by a bacterial infection. Usually the bacteria grow in the root (follicle) of an eyelash. An internal hordeolum is caused by infection in one of the tiny oil glands inside the eyelid.

A chalazion forms when an oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked. If an internal hordeolum doesn’t drain and heal, it can turn into a chalazion.

What are the symptoms?

A stye usually starts as a red bump that looks like a pimple along the edge of the eyelid.

  • As the stye grows, the eyelid becomes swollen and painful, and the eye may water.
  • Most styes swell for about 3 days before they break open and drain.
  • Styes usually heal in about a week.

A chalazion starts as a firm lump or cyst under the skin of the eyelid.

  • Unlike styes, chalazia often don’t hurt.
  • Chalazia grow more slowly than styes. If a chalazion gets large enough, it may affect your vision.
  • The inflammation and swelling may spread to the area surrounding the eye.
  • Chalazia often go away in a few months without treatment.

How is a stye or chalazion diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose these problems by closely examining the eyelid. It may be hard to tell the difference between a stye and a chalazion. If there is a hard lump inside the eyelid, the doctor will probably diagnose it as a chalazion.

How are they treated?

Home treatment is all that is needed for most styes and chalazia.

  • Apply warm, wet compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 to 6 times a day. This usually helps the area heal faster. It may also help open a blocked pore so that it can drain and start to heal.
  • Use an over-the-counter treatment. Try an ointment (such as Stye), solution (such as Bausch and Lomb Eye Wash), or medicated pads (such as Ocusoft Lid Scrub).
  • Let the stye or chalazion open on its own. Don’t squeeze or open it.
  • Don’t wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the area has healed.

If a stye is not getting better with home treatment, talk to your doctor. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eyedrops. You may need to take antibiotic pills if infection has spread to the eyelid or eye.

If a stye gets very large, the doctor may need to pierce (lance) it so it can drain and heal. Do not try to lance it yourself.

If a chalazion does not go away or if it gets worse, a doctor may recommend an injection of steroid medicine or surgery to remove it.

How can you prevent styes and chalazia?

  • Don’t rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and let in bacteria. If you need to touch your eyes, wash your hands first.
  • Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution when you can. For example, wear safety glasses when you do dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.
  • Replace eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.
  • If you get styes or chalazia often, wash your eyelids regularly with a little bit of baby shampoo mixed in warm water.
  • Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid promptly.

References

Other Works Consulted

  • Dambro MR (2006). Hordeolum (stye). In Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult, p. 520. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
  • Neff AG, et al. (2014). Benign eyelid lesions. In M Yanoff, JS Duker, eds., Ophthalmology, 3rd ed., pp. 1295–1305. Edinburgh: Mosby.
  • Trobe JD (2006). The red eye. Physician’s Guide to Eye Care, 3rd ed., chap. 4, pp. 47–51. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology.
  • Vagefi MR, et al. (2011). Lids and lacrimal apparatus. In P Riordan-Eva, ET Cunningham, eds., Vaughan and Asbury’s General Ophthalmology, 18th ed., pp. 67–82. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Weinberg RS (2007). Diseases of the eyelid, conjunctiva, and anterior segment of the eye. In LR Barker et al., eds., Principles of Ambulatory Medicine, 7th ed., pp. 1816–1829. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
  • Wright KW (2008). Pediatric “pink eye.” In Pediatric Ophthalmology for Primary Care, 3rd ed., pp. 159–187. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Credits

Current as of:
August 31, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine
E. Gregory Thompson MD – Internal Medicine

Current as of: August 31, 2020

Author:
Healthwise Staff

Medical Review:Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD – Internal Medicine

Styes and Chalazia | Cigna

Condition Basics

What are styes and chalazia?

Styes and chalazia are lumps in or along the edge of an eyelid. They may be painful or annoying, but they are rarely serious. Most will go away on their own without treatment.

  • A stye is an infection that causes a tender red lump on the eyelid. Most styes occur along the edge of the eyelid. When a stye occurs inside the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum (say “hor-dee-OH-lum”).
  • A chalazion (say “kuh-LAY-zee-on”) is a lump in the eyelid. Chalazia (plural) may look like styes, but they are usually larger and may not hurt.

Styes and chalazia may be related to blepharitis, a common problem that causes inflammation of the eyelids.

What causes them?

Styes are caused by a bacterial infection. Usually the bacteria grow in the root (follicle) of an eyelash. An internal hordeolum is caused by infection in one of the tiny oil glands inside the eyelid.

A chalazion forms when an oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked. If an internal hordeolum doesn’t drain and heal, it can turn into a chalazion.

What are the symptoms?

A stye usually starts as a red bump that looks like a pimple along the edge of the eyelid.

  • As the stye grows, the eyelid becomes swollen and painful, and the eye may water.
  • Most styes swell for about 3 days before they break open and drain.
  • Styes usually heal in about a week.

A chalazion starts as a firm lump or cyst under the skin of the eyelid.

  • Unlike styes, chalazia often don’t hurt.
  • Chalazia grow more slowly than styes. If a chalazion gets large enough, it may affect your vision.
  • The inflammation and swelling may spread to the area surrounding the eye.
  • Chalazia often go away in a few months without treatment.

How are they diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose these problems by closely examining the eyelid. It may be hard to tell the difference between a stye and a chalazion. If there is a hard lump inside the eyelid, the doctor will probably diagnose it as a chalazion.

How is a stye or chalazion treated?

Home treatment is all that is needed for most styes and chalazia.

  • Apply warm, wet compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 to 6 times a day. This usually helps the area heal faster. It may also help open a blocked pore so that it can drain and start to heal.
  • Use an over-the-counter treatment. Try an ointment (such as Stye), solution (such as Bausch and Lomb Eye Wash), or medicated pads (such as Ocusoft Lid Scrub).
  • Let the stye or chalazion open on its own. Don’t squeeze or open it.
  • Don’t wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the area has healed.

If a stye is not getting better with home treatment, talk to your doctor. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eyedrops. You may need to take antibiotic pills if infection has spread to the eyelid or eye.

If a stye gets very large, the doctor may need to pierce (lance) it so it can drain and heal. Do not try to lance it yourself.

If a chalazion does not go away or if it gets worse, a doctor may recommend an injection of steroid medicine or surgery to remove it.

How can you prevent them?

Here are some things you can do to prevent styes and chalazia.

  • Don’t rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and let in bacteria. If you need to touch your eyes, wash your hands first.
  • Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution when you can. For example, wear safety glasses when you do dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.
  • Replace eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.
  • If you get styes or chalazia often, wash your eyelids regularly with a little bit of baby shampoo mixed in warm water.
  • Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid promptly.

Azithromycin Ophthalmic (Azasite) – Side Effects, Interactions, Uses, Dosage, Warnings

Use Azithromycin Ophthalmic (Azasite) exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Azithromycin ophthalmic is usually applied twice daily for 2 days, and then once daily for 5 more days. Follow your doctor’s dosing instructions very carefully.

Do not use while wearing soft contact lenses. A preservative in this medicine could permanently stain the lenses. Use the medicine at least 15 minutes before inserting your contact lenses.

Wash your hands before using eye medication.

Turn the bottle upside down and shake it once just before each use.

To apply the eye drops: Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye and squeeze a drop into this pocket. Close your eyes for 1 or 2 minutes.

Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed.

  • Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed. If you use more than one drop, wait about 5 minutes between drops.
  • Wait at least 10 minutes before using any other eye drops your doctor has prescribed.

Do not touch the tip of the eye dropper or place it directly on your eye. A contaminated dropper can infect your eye, which could lead to serious vision problems.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your pharmacist for new medicine.

Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time, even if your symptoms quickly improve. Skipping doses can increase your risk of infection that is resistant to medication.

Store an unopened bottle of azithromycin ophthalmic in the refrigerator. Do not freeze.

After opening the bottle, store at room temperature for up to 14 days. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.

Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Home Remedies

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A stye is a red bump that forms on the eyelid and can look and feel like a big pimple. This bump often feels swollen and painful to the touch. Styes are basically like acne that occurs on the eyelid, says Amy Lin, MD, an ophthalmologist at the University of Utah Health.

Though styes can happen to anyone, there are certain behaviors that increase your risk. Here’s what you need to know about the main causes of styes, how to prevent them, and what to do if you have one. 

What causes a stye

Styes are caused by infected oil glands in your eyelids. These oil glands prevent tears from evaporating too quickly and drying out your eyes, but these glands can also become infected with bacteria. 

There’s one particular bacterium that leads to stye infections: Staphylococcus aureus. According to Tina Singh, MD, an ophthalmologist at Duke Eye Center, it’s one of the most common bacteria on the skin, eyelids, and eyelashes, and can clog the oil glands.  

While the bacterium is found in 20 to 30% of human nasal cavities without harm, you can also pick it up by touching surfaces infected with it, and S. aureus can become a pathogen itself when it gets under the skin, causing skin infections. 

There a few reasons why people tend to get styes: 

  • Poor hygiene. Rubbing your eyes when you haven’t washed your hands can lead to styes. “We carry a lot of bacteria on our hands, and that’s easily transmissible to our eyelids and eyelashes,” Singh says. Improper contact lens hygiene can also lead to styes, as it puts bacteria closer to the eyelids, so it’s important to disinfect contact daily. “We don’t recommend sleeping with contacts as well because bacteria love moist, dark environments,” she says. 
  • Chlorine or sweat. “People should rinse their eyelids after getting out of a pool,” Singh says, in addition to hot tubs, as there are chlorine-resistant bacteria that can cause eye infections. If you sweat from exercise or other activities, she says you should wash your eyelids after, as sweat and oil can clog the eyelid’s oil glands and lead to infection.
  • Makeup. “Lash extensions really attract a lot of dirt and bacteria, which can clog the [oil] glands,” says Singh. “And makeup is the same way. Makeup really attracts a lot of dirt and bacteria,” which can lead to oil gland infections on the eyelid and cause styes. The Cleveland Clinic recommends replacing eye makeup every six months to avoid an overgrowth of stye-causing bacteria. 
  • Skin conditions. “Some people with acne have a condition called rosacea, which can actually affect the eyes and can make them prone to have more styes,” Lin says. Rosacea affects about 13 million Americans, and it involves broken blood vessels under the skin which can produce small, pus-filled bumps. The condition can occur on the eyes as well, called ocular rosacea, which can lead to blocked oil glands around the eyes. Seborrheic dermatitis can also increase your risk of styes, which is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can lead to eyelid swelling and oily secretions.
  • Medical conditions. Both Lin and Singh say that blepharitis can increase the risk of developing styes. Blepharitis causes eyelid inflammation and can often lead to excessive tearing, light sensitivity, redness of the eye, and a feeling like there’s something in your eye. The condition also makes your eyelids prone to infection, which can lead to styes. High blood sugar can also cause a production of molecules that suppress immune defenses, so those with uncontrolled diabetes are more prone to infections, and may have a higher risk for styes. 

How to get rid of a stye

“Some people have a tendency to get styes,” Lin says, which could be due in part to the aforementioned poor hygiene, makeup, or medical conditions. “So if you’ve had styes in the past, you are more prone to get styes in the future. It doesn’t really confer any resistance.”

If styes keep recurring, you might consider treating it with antibiotic ointment, eye drops, pills, or even a steroid injection, according to the Cleveland Clinic.  

To prevent getting styes in the first place, it’s imperative to practice proper lid hygiene. Washing your whole face isn’t enough, Singh says, and so you instead have to target your eyelids to get rid of styes. 

Singh recommends washing your eyelids with baby shampoo (it’s designed to be less harmful on your eyes) and warm water to clean along lash margin where styes tend to form. 

If you’ve still developed a stye, though, there are ophthalmologist-recommended ways to safely get rid of them. 

“Really, the best way is lots of warm compresses over the eyelids,” says Lin. “Adding heat can get the oil glands to unclog and get them to release their oils naturally.” 

To do a warm compress, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, you should:

  • Take a clean washcloth and soak it in hot water. Wring it out so that it’s not dripping.  
  • Hold it to your eyelid for 10 to 15 minutes. If the cloth gets cold, warm it up again by dipping it in warm water. 
  • Do this three to five times a day. 

“It’s not recommended to try and squeeze [a stye],” Lin says. “Because that could actually cause us to get more inflamed and actually get worse.” Instead, she says to let a stye run its course of about two to three weeks, using warm compresses to expedite the healing process. 

While styes will typically clear up on their own, Singh notes that you should see a doctor if your stye causes vision problems. While a stye won’t affect your eyeball, it can become so swollen it droops down into your eyesight. 

Classification of barley | Yara Russia

Barley is highly diverse and can be classified in several ways.

The most popular classifications are based on the type of ears, the intended use of the grain and the characteristics of the awns.

Classification by the type of ears

This classification takes into account the number of rows with grain in the ear.One of the manifestations of genetic diversity is the number of strings with grain that are formed in an ear. Wild barley has ears with two rows of grain, while most cultivated barley varieties have six rows.

  • Six row barley yields 25-60 seeds.
  • Barley with two rows yields 25-30 kernels.
  • Four-row barley is an underdeveloped 6-row barley.

Classification for the intended use of grain

Forage barley

Most of the barley is grown for animal feed and for the preparation of food for humans.This grain has a higher protein content. In addition, such barley can be hull-grained or coated. Some new hull-grain varieties are distinguished by better digestibility and a high protein content, which is of particular importance for feeding pigs and poultry.

Barley grain can be processed in various ways: crushing, grinding, making flakes or pellets for feed. A by-product that is obtained from the brewing process (also known as “beer grain”) can also be used as feed.Finally, barley greens can be used for grazing or as forage. People use barley for their own nutrition in the form of pearl barley or barley flour. Until the 1500s, barley flour was the main ingredient in baked goods.

Beer barley

The second most important target use of barley for the preparation of malt. Malt is 60-65% non-cleavage starch used to make beer, spirits, malt syrup, flavorings and quick breakfasts.The varieties used for the production of malt have lower yields, but are more expensive than forage varieties. Malt production is a process that involves the controlled germination of grain to a specific stage. There are three main stages:

  1. Soaking is the first step in the malt production process and usually lasts up to three days. The moisture content in barley increases from 2% to 45%. The grain then begins to germinate, producing heat and carbon dioxide (respiration). At the end of this stage, all the grain should germinate.

  2. Germination is the second step in the process. Germination lasts another five days. The grain with sprouts is cooled, carbon dioxide is removed. The grain is constantly mixed so that the roots do not grow into the substrate.

  3. Drying is the third step in the malt-making process, during which the grain is dried until the moisture content is reduced to 3-6%. Under such conditions, the germination process stops.Drying takes place by blowing hot air over the grain. By varying the temperature and air flow rate, malt can be produced in a variety of colors and flavors. at the end of this stage, the malt is cooled and any small roots removed. Finished malt is categorized according to its characteristics prior to dispatch.

Conversion rate is usually: 22 kg barley ⇒ 17 kg malt ⇒ 100 l beer

Classification by awning characteristics

Another way of classifying barley is based on the characteristics of its awns:

  • Long-awned barley
  • Short-awned barley
  • (Normal) covered
  • Covered from above
  • Covered from below
  • With long awns in the central row and without / with awns in the lateral rows
  • With short awnings in the central row and without / with awns in the side rows
  • Without / with awns in the center and side lines
  • Covered from above in the center row and without awns in the side rows

90,000 Benefits and Side Effects of Drinking Barley Tea – The Basics

Barley tea is a popular beverage in Korea, Japan and China believed to provide health benefits including weight loss, blood sugar regulation, digestion problems, and even male fertility improvements. Unfortunately, there is not much scientific evidence to support these claims.

What is barley tea?

Barley tea, also known as Korean barley tea or roasted barley tea, is a popular hot and cold beverage in Asia. In Korea, this drink is called boriha (boron, which means barley, and cha, which means tea). In Japan, the drink is called mugicha, and in China, the drink is called damai cha or mai cha.

The main ingredient in barley tea is (of course) roasted barley.Barley is a whole grain that is grown all over the world. Barley is popular with healthy eaters due to its high fiber content and mild flavor. Grains are easy to use in recipes, they are used to make breads, cereals, and are fermented and used to make some alcoholic beverages such as beer and distilled drinks.

The taste of barley tea is often called light and nutty. However, some Korean tea makers include popcorn in their recipes to enhance the sweetness.When corn is added, the tea is called oxusu boricha.

How to make barley tea

The easiest way to make barley tea at home is to buy barley tea bags or cooked roasted (ready-to-boil) barley online or in a store. Some Asian markets and health food stores will carry this product.

If you decide to make barley tea from scratch, you will start to fry it.You can roast the barley on the stovetop in a skillet (no oil) or in a preheated oven. Roast the beans until they are slightly brown but not too dark.

To make barley tea:

  • Add about two tablespoons of roasted barley to a medium pot (eight cups) of water and bring to a boil.
  • Reduce heat to a simmer and cook for 15 to 20 minutes, depending on your taste. Remove from heat and let cool.
  • Preheat barley tea as a warm tea drink, or chill barley water and serve cold.
  • Some tea drinkers add a small amount of lemon or a sweetener (such as honey or sugar) to their tea for added flavor. Spices like cardamom can also be added to hot or cold drinks.

Does barley tea contain caffeine?

Barley tea is not “tea” in the traditional sense and is not made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant like black tea or green tea.It is brewed only from caffeine-free barley. Therefore, barley tea does not contain caffeine.

Estimated Health Benefits of Barley Tea

Anecdotal reports on the health benefits of barley tea are endless. Tea has been credited since:

  • Stomach anesthesia
  • Reducing sleep disorders and other sleep problems
  • Relief of constipation
  • Improving prostate health and improving male fertility
  • Treat colds
  • Prevention of tooth decay
  • Acting as a blood thinner
  • Improved weight loss
  • Reduced cholesterol

There has been very little research done on barley tea that supports these health claims.In addition, many of the benefits listed (especially those related to digestion and weight loss) are based on the health benefits of barley in general.

Barley is full of fiber and may improve regularity and help dieters feel fuller longer and eat less. But the benefit of consuming fiber is that you are eating whole grains of barley, not when you are drinking barley tea.

Side effects of barley tea

Barley tea is most likely safe when consumed by most people and used appropriately.If you have a grain allergy, celiac disease, or gluten sensitivity, you can skip any barley product.

Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! What are your problems? Sources of Article

  • Barley. Therapeutic Research Center. Natural medicines database.

  • Suganuma, H., Inakuma, T. I Kikuchi, Y (2002). Influence of reclamation of drinking barley tea on the level of fluid in the blood. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitology, 48 (2), 165–168.Doi: 10.3177 / jnsv.48.165

  • Etoh, H., Murakami, K., Yogoh, T., Ishikawa, H., Fukuyama, Y. Antioxidant Compounds in Barley Tea. Biology, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 68 (12), 2616–2618. (2004) doi: 10.1271 / bbb.68.2616

Young green barley – properties, weight loss, how to use, side effects. In powder and tablets – reviews

Green barley is a popular supplement, the properties of which are especially appreciated by those who want to lose weight.Its beneficial effect on weight loss is primarily due to its high fiber content. Young green barley is also rich in health. What is worth knowing about him? How to use it and does it have side effects? You can find everything below!

Young green barley – real estate

  • Young barley – a real wealth of vitamins. Green barley provides more vitamin C than orange juice and more beta-carotene than carrots. It is a valuable source of B vitamins.
  • It contains valuable minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc.
  • It contains exogenous amino acids and dietary fiber

Green barley – operation

Due to its high fiber content, young green barley is used as a weight loss product. It speeds up fat metabolism and in addition, it also lowers blood cholesterol levels. It is used to prevent and treat hypercholesterolemia, overweight and obesity.

Green barley, thanks to its valuable ingredients, has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and antiviral properties.

Young barley is useful in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.

It is also used to improve the condition of the skin, especially in the case of acne and ulcers.

Due to its high chlorophyll content, it works well as a dehydration product and is often used in detoxification.

Young green barley – which one to choose?

Green barley can be purchased as a product in powder or as tablets .It is important to note that this product is prepared in two ways and when choosing preparation for yourself, you should pay special attention to it.

The first method cellulose juice, the second – barley grass fragmentation .

  1. Powdered juice from young barley is obtained by drying compressed juice. In this case, the evaporation of water occurs under pressure and low temperature, due to which the product retains its properties.
  2. Herbal Powder is a long drying effect that occurs at high temperatures and therefore deprives the product of some of its health properties.

It is worth choosing a juice powder that contains not only the more valuable ingredients, but also the form by which these ingredients are better absorbed.

How to use young green barley

If we decide on tablets, the use will be simple. The tablets are washed off with water. However, if we chose a powder, it is worth remembering that it should not be filled with hot water, because we will lose valuable vitamins and enzymes. The water or juice should be warm.The drink prepared in this way should be taken 30 minutes before meals.

Milk barley can be added to yoghurts and shakes.

Young side effects of barley

Side effects such as headache may occur when you start using barley. Headache often accompanies dieting and detoxification, and you shouldn’t worry about it. Usually, after 2 weeks of using the drug, the side effects disappear.

Young Green Barley – Reviews

What do people who have already tested think of the product? Below are 3 reviews from Internet users!

beetlejuice73: I tried barley juice.I bought a powder sold at Allegro like juice, but I have a suspicion that it is earthen grass. However, I’m still impressed. I just finished a 300 gram dose, now I want to buy real juice. I lost about 5 kg of weight with grass, but more importantly, the skin and body are harder and harder. In addition, I will be using chlorella, which should further support the treatment. Of course, my diet was quite balanced, I didn’t go crazy, especially with calories, and I stayed in the 1500-1700 range.I will add that I am 41 years old, and I am losing weight more and more difficult.

rudnikova: I drank it for 10 days and I am happy, I lost 3 kg. I would like to try to lose weight after I was unsuccessfully pregnant. In the end, no matter what moved, I ordered another package. Even if it’s a placebo, if the kilograms moved, I’m not going to quit drinking.

valentine26: I used green barley. But during the “Christmas” period, I did not expect to lose a kilogram, but the weight probably did not jump.I’m not talking about digestion if I didn’t do something because I didn’t have any problems and now it’s worse than when I stopped using it. Thus, this green powder has good properties. I didn’t notice anything. Maybe my nails have strengthened me and I haven’t broken a single one since December. They are very strong until I am as fascinated as possible. But I don’t know if it is related to barley. Because I used to break down all the time and now they are long and last for two months (some friends ask me if they are tipsy.

See also:

The hit of the last weeks is a grain of green barley. This is already in all green

topics:

barley
diet
weight loss

instructions for use, analogues, composition, indications

In acute conditions: 1-2 drops into the conjunctival sac every 1-2 hours.
After reducing inflammation, Dexamethasone eye drops are instilled 1-2 drops into the conjunctival sac 3-5 times a day.
The duration of treatment with Dexamethasone eye drops ranges from several days to several weeks. Usually, the duration of treatment should not exceed 1 week.
The doctor makes the decision on the duration of treatment based on objective data, including the effectiveness of the drug, the severity of clinical symptoms and the possible risk of side effects.
Recommendations for the use of the dropper tube: before using the drug, remove the protective cap from the dropper tube, cut off the membrane of the body neck with scissors without damaging the threaded part. Turn the body of the dropper tube with the neck down and gently push the body of the dropper tube using it as a pipette. To avoid contamination of the contents of the dropper tube, do not touch the open tip of the tube to the eye or to any other surface. If, for any reason, a drop of the drug immediately after instillation flows out of the conjunctival sac, it is necessary to repeat the instillation again. After using the dose recommended as prescribed by the doctor or the dose specified in the instructions for medical use of the drug, turn the body of the dropper tube with the threaded part up and screw on the protective cap.
Recommendations for the use of bottles with dropper caps: before using the drug, remove the aluminum cap from the bottle, remove the rubber stopper and close the bottle with a dropper cap, previously released from the packaging. Then remove the cap from the dropper cap, turn the bottle over, drip the required number of drops of the drug. After use, return the bottle to an upright position and put the cap on the dropper cap.
Before dripping:
• wash your hands thoroughly;
• take a comfortable position (sit, lie on your back, stand in front of a mirror).
Applying eye drops:
1. Open the bottle. To avoid contamination of the contents of the bottle – do not touch the tip of the bottle to the eyelids, eyelashes and do not touch it with your hands.
2. Tilt your head back. Place the bottle over the eye (Figure 1).
3. Pull the lower eyelid down and look up, gently squeeze the bottle and place the eye drops into the eye (Figure 2).
4. Close the eye and lightly press the inner corner of the eye with your finger for 1 minute. This will increase the effectiveness of the drops and reduce the risk of adverse systemic side effects (Figure 3).
Close the bottle tightly.

If you forget to apply Dexamethasone eye drops, it is not recommended to instill a double dose to compensate for the missed dose. If you have any
If you have any questions about this drug, you should consult your doctor.

indications and contraindications, composition and dosage – Pharmacy Mos

Dosage forms

eye drops 20% 10ml
eye drops 20% 5ml

International Non-Proprietary Name

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Sulfacetamide

Composition Sodium sulfacil (Albucid) eye drops 20% 10ml

Active ingredient: sodium sulfacetamide monohydrate – 200.00 mg.Excipients: sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate – 1.5 mg, hydrochloric acid solution 1 M – up to pH 7.5-8.5, purified water – up to 1.0 ml.

Group

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Antimicrobial sulfa drugs

Manufacturers

Lecco (Russia)

Indications for use Sulfacil sodium (Albucid) eye drops 20% 10ml

In the complex therapy of diseases of the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, anterior segment of the choroid and lacrimal ducts caused by microorganisms sensitive to sulfacetamide.For the prevention of infectious complications in the complex therapy of burns and eye injuries.

Method of application and dosage Sodium sulfacil (Albucid) eye drops 20% 10ml

One to two drops into the conjunctival sac six to eight times a day (every two to three hours).The course of treatment is seven to ten days. The number of instillations can be reduced as the condition improves. When carrying out the treatment of diseases of the organ of vision caused by Chlamidia trachomatis, the dosage regimen is one drop every two hours, the topical application of sulfonamide must be combined with systemic therapy.
Buried in the conjunctival sac, one to two drops five to six times a day. For the prevention of blenorrhea in newborns – two drops in each conjunctival sac immediately after birth and two drops after two hours.

Contraindications Sodium sulfacil (Albucid) eye drops 20% 10ml

Individual hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, children’s age (up to 2 months).There is no sufficient experience in use during pregnancy, breastfeeding. It is possible to use sulfacegamide for the treatment of pregnant and lactating mothers as directed by the attending physician, if the expected therapeutic effect outweighs the risk of developing possible side effects. Sulfonylamides pass through the placenta and into breast milk. It is possible to develop kernicterus in newborns whose mothers took tablet forms of sulfonamides during pregnancy, therefore it is impossible to exclude the risk of developing jaundice when taking sulfonamide in the dosage form of eye drops.

Pharmacological action

Pharmacodynamics.Antimicrobial bacteriostatic agent, sulfonamide. The mechanism of action is associated with competitive antagonism with PABA and inhibition of dihydropteroate synthetase, which leads to a disruption in the synthesis of dihydrofolic acid and, ultimately, its active metabolite tetrahydrofolic acid, which is necessary for the synthesis of purines and pyrimidines. Active against gram-positive and gram-negative cocci, Escherichia coli. Shigella spp., Vibrio cholerae, Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus antracis, Corynebacterium diphteriae, Yersinia perstis, Chlamydia spp., Actinomyces israelii, Toxoplasha gondii.
Development of resistance to sulfacetamide is possible.
Pharmacokinetics.
Penetrates into the tissues of the eye, where it has its specific antibacterial effect. It works mainly locally, but part of the drug is absorbed through the inflamed conjunctiva and enters the systemic circulation. The amount of the drug entering the systemic circulation is insufficient for the development of a systemic therapeutic effect, but sufficient for sensitization upon repeated administration.When applied topically, the maximum concentration (Cmax) of sulfonamides in the cornea (about 3 mg / ml), the moisture of the anterior chamber (about 0.5 mg / ml) and the iris (about 0.1 mg / ml) is reached within the first thirty minutes after application. A certain amount (less than 0.5 mg / ml) remains in the tissues of the eyeball for three to four hours. With damage to the corneal epithelium, the penetration of sulfonamides increases.
Sulfacetamide is metabolized in the liver by N-acetylation, the metabolites have antibacterial activity.Excretion occurs by glomerular filtration.

Side effect Sulfacil sodium (Albucid) eye drops 20% 10ml

Burning, lacrimation, pain, itching in the eyes, allergic reactions, transient blurred vision after instillation, nonspecific conjunctivitis, the development of superinfection, severe allergic reactions to sulfonamides (Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermolysis, fulminant liver necrosis, agranulocytosis).If any of the side effects indicated in the instructions are aggravated, or you notice any other side effects not listed in the instructions, inform your doctor.

Overdose

Patients with hypersensitivity to furosemide, thiazide diuretics, sulfonylurea derivatives, or carbonic anhydrase inhibitors may be hypersensitive to sulfacetamide.Excessive growth of microorganisms insensitive to sulfonamide, as well as fungal flora, is possible.
Decrease in the antibacterial activity of sulfonamides in the presence of high concentrations of para-aminobenzoic acid in the presence of a large amount of purulent discharge.
It is necessary to stop therapy if symptoms of allergy appear, as well as with increased pain and other signs of an infectious process, an increase in purulent discharge.

Interaction Sodium sulfacil (Albucid) eye drops 20% 10ml

Sulfacetamide enhances the effect of indirect anticoagulants.Combined use with benzocaine, procaine and tetracaine reduces the bacteriostatic effect of sulfacetamide. There is an incompatibility of sulfacetamide when used together with silver salts. Concomitant administration with chloramphenicol increases the risk of side effects of the latter. Diphenin, paraaminosalicylic acid (PAS), salicylates increase the toxicity of sulfacetamide.

Special instructions

In the case of development of blurred vision after instillation, it is necessary to refrain from driving vehicles and engaging in potentially hazardous activities that require increased concentration of attention and speed of psychomotor reactions until the clarity of vision is restored.

Storage conditions

Store in its original packaging, out of reach of children at a temperature not exceeding 25 C.

Official website of the Administration of the city of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Beer is a low-alcohol beverage obtained by alcoholic fermentation of malt wort (most often barley-based) using brewer’s yeast, usually with the addition of hops.

100 ml of beer contains 4 ml of pure alcohol.The systematic use of this drink “little by little” forms a painful addiction in the child over time, in other words, alcoholism. It is low alcohol alcoholic beverages (including beer) that are, as it were, a launching pad for the development of this disease, especially in children with a biological predisposition.
After all, a child, unlike an adult, does not go through specific stages of getting used to alcohol, because his body has not yet fully formed either physiologically or psychologically.For an immature organism, beer is a time bomb.
At first glance, the child is healthy, looks great, but … it is during this period that metabolic disorders occur imperceptibly. The liver ceases to cope with its functions, and alcohol enters the bloodstream, “populating” the cardiovascular system and kidneys with toxins. The composition of the blood changes, its ability to coagulate decreases. The normal activity of the pancreas is disrupted, causing symptoms characteristic of diabetes mellitus.Obesity gradually begins to develop.
If your child gets used to drinking alcohol, then no drugs, psychics, threats and punishments will help cure him.


ABOUT BEER ALCOHOLISM

In the heat of the fight against drug addiction, the topic of alcohol addiction faded into the background. And wide advertising of beer, nevertheless, does its job. Colorfully decorated huge billboards in cities and on highways advertise the extraordinary “usefulness” of beer, from the TV screen they insistently offer to try different varieties of it Gullible Russians, who have not had previous experience of confronting it, are increasingly falling into a pernicious addiction.The number of breweries is growing, advertising of beer drinks is expanding, and at the same time the number of beer consumers is growing. Judging by the level of beer produced and sold, Russia has now become one of the countries whose population occupies “leading” positions in the consumption of this product, which is still considered low-alcoholic and even “non-alcoholic”.

For drinking beer, a reason is often not needed, it is used to relax, brighten up the evening, even quench your thirst.Beer is drunk “by everyone and everywhere”: on the streets, in bars, in the subway, at home, in transport. Young and old, men and women, boys and girls, even mothers with strollers drinking beer on the go, have become common. The fact that beer is super-available and is considered a low-alcohol drink leads to the fact that it is widely consumed by young people, adolescents and even schoolchildren, whose nervous system is extremely sensitive to the action of any poisons. Beer has been known to man for thousands of years and has a pronounced positive taste.It’s nice to drink a cool bottle of beer after a hard day’s work or on a hot afternoon, it is good to sit with a friend over a glass of beer. But the person himself, his family and friends must clearly understand the threat posed by the foamy drink, and prevent it.

It has been known for a long time that beer alcoholism exists. And although in the eyes of the layman it is less dangerous than wine and vodka, its consequences are devastating. Beer contains alcohol in the amount of 30 grams per liter or more.The carbon dioxide contained in beer causes an increased absorption of alcohol. This causes a stronger and sharper intoxication, increased blood circulation in the brain, liver, lungs and kidneys, which aggravates the toxic effect of alcohol. Drinking beer often does not involve hot snacks. And, in addition, there appeared beers containing up to 10-12% alcohol. All this gives a pronounced toxic effect.

None of the media reports that in terms of harm to the body, beer can only be compared with moonshine, since in the process of alcoholic fermentation, both in beer and in moonshine, much more toxic compounds accompanying alcohol (fermentation by-products) are preserved in full.These are aldehydes, fusel oils, methanol, ethers, the content of which in beer is tens and hundreds of times higher than the level of their permissible concentration in vodka obtained from alcohol of the highest purity. Barley, from which beer is made, is a healthy product. It contains proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins. But fermentation microbes in beer wort kill all these beneficial properties, using them for their own growth and reproduction.

The pharmacological action of beer is such that it really is very conducive to rest and relaxation.In the 20s of our century, it was recommended as a sedative (i.e., sedative) remedy. Thus, with beer, a person accustom himself not only to the usual intoxicating effect of alcohol, but also to a sedative. Some time passes, and it becomes already a necessary element of rest and tranquility. Doses of beer increase, alcoholic excesses appear, memory lapses appear. The first drink of the day is postponed to an earlier date – to early evening, late afternoon, noon, and finally into the morning.Alcoholism is formed, beer becomes a habit and biochemistry.

Beer alcoholism creates a false impression of well-being. Beer in public opinion is almost not alcohol. For a long time alcoholic excesses with fights and sobering-up stations are not characteristic of beer alcoholization. The need to drink beer does not cause such anxiety in a person as the need for vodka. Beer alcoholism develops more insidiously, insidiously than vodka, but when it develops, it is a very severe alcoholism.

Studies carried out in many countries indicate that chronic alcoholism develops 3-4 times faster from drinking beer than from strong alcoholic products.To date, there are no reliable quantitative criteria for drinking safe for the development of alcoholism. The threshold and rate of onset and progression of the disease in different people differs at times, which mainly depends on the stability of metabolism. Obviously, the risk increases many times with the early (under 18 years old) onset of alcoholism, with systematic use, with the habit of drinking more than a liter of beer at a time.

Be attentive to yourself and careful. Enjoy life, including beer, but don’t fall into the trap.



EFFECTS OF BEER CONSUMPTION

Beer alcoholism takes longer to form, but it is difficult.

In large quantities, beer turns out to be a cellular poison, therefore, when abused, somatic consequences are severely expressed.

1. A blow to the gastrointestinal tract.

With regular intake of a foamy drink, the glands located in the walls of the stomach and producing gastric juice first secrete a lot of mucus, and then atrophy.Digestion becomes defective, food stagnates or undigested food enters the intestines. The result is colitis and gastritis. Also, the pancreas suffers from the regular use of beer: the drink suppresses the secretion of enzymes, and the natural process of breaking down nutrients is disrupted.

2. A blow to the liver.

The abuse of intoxicated drink can contribute to the development of inflammatory processes and even lead to hepatitis. Moreover, chronic beer hepatitis can occur in a latent form, without pronounced symptoms.If you do not stop in time, you can even earn cirrhosis on beer. At the same time, the amount of estrogen increases, both in men and women, which leads to atrophy of the gonads and, as a result, to infertility.

H. A blow to the kidneys.

Beer makes the kidneys work with triple strength. Polyuria occurs – increased urination, which is associated with the irritating effect of alcohol on the renal tissues and an increase in their filtration capacity. Possessing such a powerful diuretic effect, beer flushes out of the body important “building materials” – micro and macro elements, especially potassium, magnesium and vitamin C.With a deficiency of potassium, heart rhythm breakdowns occur, pains in the calves, weakness in the legs appear. Lack of magnesium affects mood – a person becomes irritable, whiny, and does not sleep well. Due to a lack of vitamin C, immunity decreases, and colds occur more often. In the case of neglected beer alcoholism, sclerosis of the renal vessels, hemorrhages in the kidneys, kidney infarctions, and foci of death may occur. Later, due to the gradual destruction of alcohol, the dead cells are replaced by connective tissue, the kidney decreases in size and shrinks.

4. A blow to the heart.

Beer is absorbed very quickly, so the blood vessels instantly overflow. Varicose veins develop and the heart enlarges. Radiologists call this phenomenon “beer heart”, “bull heart” or “nylon stocking” syndrome. The main organ, which is forced to pump an excessive amount of fluid every day, becomes flabby, overgrown with fat from the outside. With a large amount of drunk, varicose veins and expansion of the borders of the heart occur.It is recognized that these changes are associated with the presence of cobalt in beer, which is used as a stabilizer for beer foam. The content of this toxic element in beer in the heart muscle of those who consume beer exceeds the permissible norm by 10 times. Heartbeats become more frequent, arrhythmia occurs, blood pressure rises. Shortness of breath appears. Beer alcoholics are more likely to develop coronary heart disease. A decrease in the contractility of the heart muscle, an increase in the volume of the heart leads to heart failure.As a result, the death rate from stroke doubles.

5. The effect of beer on the endocrine system.

In men, the production of male hormones – androgens is suppressed. Beer contains phytoestrogen, which is a plant analogue of the female sex hormone progesterone. Against this background, female hormones begin to dominate, causing changes in the appearance of a man: the amount of hair on the body and face decreases, muscle mass decreases, the mammary glands increase, the timbre of the voice changes, a “beer belly” appears and fat is deposited on the hips and waist.It turns out that a passionate beer lover is gradually turning into a woman based on biological characteristics.

Menstrual disorder is observed in women. The voice grows coarse and the so-called “beer mustache” appears.

6. Increased likelihood of developing cancer.

Hop bitter substances – soft and hard resins, contribute to the development of colon cancer. If you think about tobacco, then it is the tar in it that contributes to the development of cancer in smokers.Low polyphenol content leads to malignant lesions in the lower urinary tract.

7. Effects on the reproductive system.

There is a fatty degeneration of the seminiferous tubules and proliferation of connective tissue in the testicular parenchyma. Beer easily penetrates the blood-testicular barrier (an obstacle between blood and testicular tissue), causing degeneration of the glandular epithelium of the seminiferous tubules.

8.Effects on the brain.

Beer has a toxic effect on brain cells. This leads to a decrease in intelligence. Severe psychopathic personality changes are found.

9. Harmful effects on the fetus.

Beer has teratogenic properties. In a newborn, developmental abnormalities are found, up to congenital deformities. In an infant, when using breast milk, epileptic convulsions are possible, and over time, epilepsy may develop.

10. Social maladjustment.

The circle of interests is narrowed, friends are “lost”, families break up. Often alcoholic excesses end in fights, murder, rape and robbery.


When to sound the alarm and stop drinking beer:

1. If a person drinks more than one liter of beer a day.

2. Often gathers with friends to relax in the company of an amber drink.

3. Is irritated and angry if he does not drink.

4. Complains of health.

5. Becomes the owner of the “beer belly”.

6. Has problems with potency.

7. Can’t relax, sleep without doping-beer.

8. Asks to get drunk in the morning.



Articles about the dangers of beer:

theme.orthodoxy.ru

– http: // www.chudopredki.ru/8845-vred-piva-na-organizm-cheloveka.html

– http://ruslekar.info/7-faktov-o-vrede-piva-1260.html

– http://fishki.net/1463941-strashnaja-pravda-o-vrede-piva-razvenchanie-mifov.html


Treatment of child alcoholism in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk:

1. Sakhalin Regional Narcological Dispensary, crisis room for adolescents

st.D.N. Kryukova 84

500-838 – alcohol addiction helpline

http://sakhond.ru/

2. Children’s narcological department No. 3

st. Soviet 101

793550

90,000 Pros and cons of laser correction

Laser eye correction is a modern surgical procedure that fundamentally differs from the previously used methods of intervention in the structure of the eyeball and its surrounding tissues.Instead of an inconvenient scalpel that can only make incisions, ophthalmologists have received an innovative tool that, when used skillfully, works wonders to restore vision to patients.

The Doctor Vizus Ophthalmology Center uses all the latest methods of laser vision correction. This became possible thanks to a complete re-equipment of the clinic, which implies the installation of expert excimer laser equipment for vision correction. In our center, the laser is used to correct myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and other anomalies of the visual apparatus.

Advantages of laser vision restoration

This operation has many advantages over any other method.

  • Wide range of indications. The use of a laser is allowed for surgical correction of vision as the main or accompanying instrument in almost all operations.
  • Security. All methods of laser vision correction have a minimum of contraindications. The operation is planned using computer programs that process the patient’s individual data – this eliminates a medical error in the parameters of the intervention.
  • Painlessness . The maximum that is required for anesthesia is local anesthesia, often in the form of drops. Deep anesthesia, contraindicated in many diseases, is not used in this case.
  • Execution speed . Some methods of laser vision correction allow the intervention to be performed in just 5 minutes, the average duration of the operation is 15 minutes.
  • High performance .In the hands of a skilled doctor, a laser is 99.9% of a successful treatment outcome. Moreover, the doctor can eliminate several pathologies at once and treat both eyes in one visit.
  • Fast recovery from the procedure. The laser beam does not injure the surrounding tissue. But the main advantage of the laser is not even this, after many operations to restore vision, the patient can live practically without restrictions and even read or watch TV a couple of hours after the procedure.How can you imagine this after a scalpel?

Cons of laser vision correction

The disadvantages of the procedure, with great stretch, include the fact that it is rarely performed on children under 18 years of age. This is not due to laser exposure, but to the age-related characteristics of the development of the eyeball. Laser correction is rarely prescribed for people older than middle age (conditional age 45-55 years), although in the elderly, in many cases, good results are observed.

Laser eye surgery: contraindications

Even such a safe and fleeting procedure, and it lasts only 10-15 minutes, is still an operation, so it must be performed strictly on the recommendation of an ophthalmologist.

Contraindications include:

  • myopia is greater than -15.0D, hyperopia is greater than + 6.0D, astigmatism is greater than ± 6.0D;
  • diseases (degeneration) of the cornea or its dystrophy, glaucoma, iridocyclitis, endocrine disorders, in more detail about contraindications can be read here .
  • pregnancy, because hormonal changes in the body during this period can affect the recovery period. In addition, antibiotic therapy is performed after the operation; this type of medication is contraindicated in pregnant women.

Laser vision correction: risks

Laser vision correction is considered safe because the risk of complications that reduce vision is less than 1%. Patients may experience mild side effects, but they go away quickly. In the ophthalmological center “Doctor VIZUS” in order to reduce the risk of complications, all patients undergo a thorough diagnostic examination. If there are contraindications, then the doctor recommends replacing this procedure with a more suitable one.Also, great attention is paid to the observation of patients in the postoperative period.

To avoid complications, the patient must follow all the instructions of the ophthalmologist, regularly instill drops in the eyes, do not rub the eyes, do not use cosmetics for some time, do not visit baths, saunas and swimming pools.

If the patient feels discomfort in the eye or notices that vision is decreasing, he should immediately contact the clinic.

You can learn more about laser vision correction by consulting an ophthalmologist at the Doctor Visus clinic.Registration is carried out by phone numbers indicated on the website or by filling out the form “Call me back” .