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Signs of elbow tendonitis: Tennis Elbow Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments


4 Serious Tendonitis Symptoms Every Active Person Should Know About

The human body contains over 600 individual skeletal muscles. Each of these muscles is attached to your skeleton by a type of strong, flexible connective tissue called a tendon.

Tendons are hugely important for movement. Without them, our muscles wouldn’t be able to pull the rest of our body along when they contract. Unfortunately, like the rest of our tissues, they’re susceptible to injury.

If your tendons become inflamed after a sports injury or from overuse, you could end up with tendonitis. Read on to learn about some of the most serious tendonitis symptoms that you shouldn’t ignore.

1. Pain on the Inside or Outside of Your Elbow

If you start to notice consistent discomfort where your elbow and forearm meet, it might be a type of tendonitis called lateral epicondylitis. Known commonly as “tennis elbow” or “golfer’s elbow,” this condition happens when the tendons around your elbow joint get micro-tears from overuse. This leads to pain, swelling, and difficulty gripping and picking up objects.

You don’t have to be an athlete to develop this condition, though. Any repetitive motion that uses the elbow can be to blame. People end up with tennis elbow from painting, yard work, cooking, and even playing string instruments.

Between 1-3% of the general population ends up with elbow tendonitis every year. However, the incidence tends to be higher in people who have jobs with repetitive motion, like assembly line workers. If you think you might have tennis elbow, it’s important to take a break from repetitive activity and see a physician.

2. Can’t Lift Your Arm Over Your Head

If you have pain in your shoulder that keeps you from lifting your arm up over your head, it could be because of tendon inflammation in your rotator cuff.

Like elbow tendonitis, this injury is often associated with two sports: swimming and baseball. “Pitcher’s shoulder” and “swimmer’s shoulder” are overuse injuries that come from the frequent swinging of the shoulder in a circular motion.

If you have tendonitis in your shoulder, you likely have some damage to the surrounding muscles as well. This can lead to arm weakness, shoulder laxity, and pain throughout your shoulder and upper back.

3. Clicking, Swollen Thumbs and Wrists

You don’t have to be an athlete or work in a physical job to get a tendonitis injury. If you spend a lot of time using a pen or pencil, lifting a baby, or playing piano, you might end up with inflammation in your fingers and wrists.

If you experience pain at the base of your thumb and down into that side of your wrist, it could be de Quervain’s tenosynovitis. Inflammation of your thumb and wrist tendons makes it hard to grasp and hold objects. You might feel a “sticking” or “catching” sensation when you try to move your thumb.

If the pain is located in a finger or upper-thumb joint, it could be a case of trigger finger. The hallmark symptom of this condition is a painful snapping or clicking sensation when you try to straighten the joint. You might also have a sore bump (called a nodule) at the base of your finger where the tendon is inflamed.

Both of these conditions are more common as you age. It’s important to seek treatment right away because the symptoms will only get worse if ignored. This can sometimes lead to fingers that “lock” in a bent position or chronic hand and wrist weakness.

4. Pain and Swelling in Other Joints

Even though the joints listed above are some of the most common sites to develop tendon inflammation, you can get it in any location that there’s a tendon. Knees, ankles, and hips are other places that people often get symptoms of tendonitis.

If you’ve had a recent sports injury or have a job/hobby that involves repetitive motion, keep an eye out for these symptoms:

  • Constant pain that gets worse when you move
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Skin that’s red and warm to the touch
  • Feeling a lump or knot on the tendon
  • A grating or crackling sensation with movement

If you ignore these symptoms and keep up your regular activity, you could make the problem much worse. Untreated tendonitis can develop into chronic tendinosis and cause permanent degradation of your tendons. In some cases, it can even lead to tendon rupture, which requires surgery to fix.

So if you suspect tendonitis, stop doing the activities that cause the most pain. Follow the RICE method: rest, ice, and compression. And make sure to see a doctor to rule out other more serious injuries.

Your doctor may recommend that you see a physical therapist for treatment. They can combine gentle exercise with a number of therapeutic techniques to bring down your pain and swelling. And by strengthening the surrounding muscles and improving your form, they can even help you avoid getting tendonitis again in the future.

If You Notice These Tendonitis Symptoms, Don’t Ignore Them

Tendonitis is definitely treatable, but it can progress into chronic pain and more serious injury if not dealt with in the right way. So if you start to notice these tendonitis symptoms don’t ignore them and hope they’ll go away on their own.

Seeing a physical therapist can help you recover from acute or chronic tendonitis and prevent future injuries. If you’re struggling with tendonitis pain, give Bodywise PT a call. Book an appointment today so we can help you get back to doing what you love.

6 Effective Ways to Treat Elbow Tendon and Tendonitis

What is Elbow Tendonitis?

Quick answer, the elbow has several major tendons that attach near it. These elbow tendons include the:

  • Common extensor tendon.
  • Common flexor tendon.
  • Biceps tendon.Anatomy of Tennis Elbow.

Tendinitis of the elbow is typically associated with the first two. Tendonitis of the common extensor tendon is known as Tennis Elbow. Tendinitis of the common flexor tendon is known as Golfer’s Elbow.

Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones. What is tendonitis in the elbow? Tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon. It can cause pain in the tendon or the surrounding area and may limit daily activity. Tendonitis may involve tiny tears in the tendon. How to treat tendonitis of the elbow varies depending on the severity of the injury and the injury’s nature.  Often we are asked if a tennis elbow brace works.  

What are the Causes of Tendonitis in the Elbow Tendons?

The quick answer is that elbow tendonitis may be caused by:

  • Repetitive movement.
  • Heavy lifting.
  • Squeezing and twisting movements.
  • Computer use.
  • Gardening.
  • Painting.
  • Tennis.
  • Golf.

Anatomy of elbow tendons

What are Symptoms of Elbow Tendonitis?

Quick answer, symptoms of this condition include feeling pain and tenderness on the bony part of the outside of the elbow. Even though the injury is to the elbow, pain can be aggravated by doing things with your hands. This is because you use your tendons when using your hands, which causes pain to radiate up into your elbow.  

Do I Have Tennis Elbow or Golfer’s Elbow?

Tennis elbow pain is on the outside of the elbow

Tennis Elbow is on the outside of the elbow, and Golfer’s Elbow is on the inside part of the elbow.

A backhand in tennis requires a stable wrist. Over time, this places stress through the tendons in the back of the wrist.  This may lead to tendonitis at the elbow or tendinitis of the wrist. However, tennis is not usually the main cause of Tennis Elbow. So, what can you do for tennis elbow? The quick answer to that is that it depends. You can find some home treatments in the section below.

Swinging a golf club can put stress on the inside of the elbow and lead to Golfer’s elbow. This is rarely the cause, though.  

Tennis Elbow and Golfer’s Elbow are both types of tendonitis. They can be caused by repetitive stress or vibration.

Watch this VIDEO why tennis elbow pain can’t wait for treatment.

Can Exercises for Shoulders help Elbow Tendon Pain?

Exercises for the shoulders are important for those with Elbow tendonitis.  This is because the pain in the elbow can lead to decreased use of the entire arm.  Lack of arm use can cause weakness and stiffness to develop in the shoulder. So, if you have elbow tendonitis, keep the shoulder moving.  It may not directly affect the elbow pain, but it can help to prevent other issues from developing. 

Tendonitis Elbow Brace for Tennis Elbow Pain

As stated above, a tendinitis elbow brace can help with Tennis Elbow Pain. To learn more, go to TENNIS ELBOW BRACES.

What are 6 Effective Ways to Treat Elbow Tendon Pain from Tendonitis?

So, you know that you have this condition. The problem is so many people don’t know how to get rid of tennis elbow or what to do for tendonitis of the elbow. The quick answer to how to treat tendonitis of the elbow is found below. The quick answer to how to fix tennis elbow may also be below:

  • Rest: from activity that increases the pain, take a few days to a few weeks off. This may allow the inflammation to progress through the normal healing process.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help decrease pain. There are risk factors, though, and it is important to speak to your physician before beginning any medications, even if they are over the counter.
  • Ice: Cold packs help to decrease pain and limit damage to surrounding tissue. Cold packs or ice should be used for 10 to 20 minutes.
  • Bracing: An elbow brace may temporarily limit painful activity but should not typically be used at all times. A tennis elbow brace applies pressure to the elbow tendon and helps change the tendon’s forces.

Tennis elbow brace

  • Stretching” Stretching the wrist into flexion or extension can help to stimulate the injured tendons and promote mobility and healing.  Hold stretches for 30 seconds and repeat 3 times. You should feel tension but not severe pain.
  • Massage: Gently rubbing the painful tendon can help to stimulate healing and breakdown scar tissue.  Try massaging the tendon in various directions. Watch this VIDEO for information on JOI’s Medical Massage Therapy Services.

How Long Does Elbow Tendonitis Take to Heal?

There is a quick answer to how to heal a tennis elbow and how long it takes to depend on the severity of the injury. Many people feel better in as little as a couple of weeks, but it may take 6 months to a year for the tendon to fully heal. Surgery is rarely needed, but some doctors may use a corticosteroid shot to help you start rehabilitation.

How is Elbow Tendonitis Diagnosed?

To diagnose your elbow tendonitis, your doctor will perform a thorough physical exam. The doctor will have you bend your arm, wrist, and elbow to see where the pain is located. Your physician will also determine if you also need tests, such as X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound, to diagnose your elbow tendinitis. how to treat tendonitis of the elbow

What if the Home Remedy for Elbow Tendonitis Does Not Work?

What to do for tennis elbow often depends on who you talk to. Physical therapy is a great option to treat elbow tendonitis. There are different treatments for the various sources of elbow pain. Massage and stretching can improve the mobility of the tissue. Education is important in treating elbow pain. Physical Therapists use a variety of treatment options, including:

Elbow tendonitis pain can be reduced with laser treatment

The Graston method helps reduce elbow tendonitis pain

  • Electrical Stimulation.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Moist Heat Packs.
  • Massage.
  • Exercises.

The Jacksonville Orthopaedic Institute will continue to monitor the latest developments of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), we are committed to protecting the health and safety of our patients, families and caregivers. To read more about our safety measures go to JOI4U. JOI & JOI Rehab, encourages all patients to wear a mask to their appointment. Anyone with COVID-19 symptoms, including fever, cough or shortness of breath, should contact 904-JOI-2000 prior to your scheduled appointment. In an effort to adhere to the national social distancing request, please do not bring family members to your appointment unless they are needed for translation or transportation.  You can also complete all of your new patient paperwork from home. To request registration paperwork electronically click HERE.

To schedule an appointment with an Orthopaedic elbow Specialist, schedule online, click below or call  904-JOI-2000. 

By: Ehren Allen, DPT, Certified Manual Therapist

The F.A.S.T. Cure for Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a painful condition of the elbow caused by overuse. Not surprisingly, playing tennis or other racquet sports can cause this condition. But several other sports and activities can also put you at risk.

Tennis elbow is an inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. The forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from overuse — repeating the same motions again and again. This leads to pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow.

There are many treatment options for tennis elbow. In most cases, treatment involves a team approach. Primary doctors, physical therapists, and, in some cases, surgeons work together to provide the most effective care.

Anatomy of the Elbow

Tennis elbow

Your elbow joint is a joint made up of three bones: your upper arm bone (humerus) and the two bones in your forearm (radius and ulna). There are bony bumps at the bottom of the humerus called epicondyles. The bony bump on the outside (lateral side) of the elbow is called the lateral epicondyle.

Muscles, ligaments, and tendons hold the elbow joint together.

Lateral epicondylitis, or tennis elbow, involves the muscles and tendons of your forearm. Your forearm muscles extend your wrist and fingers. Your forearm tendons — often called extensors — attach the muscles to bone. They attach on the lateral epicondyle. The tendon usually involved in tennis elbow is called the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB).

Cause of Tennis Elbow


Cause of tennis elbow

Recent studies show that tennis elbow is often due to damage to a specific forearm muscle. The extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) muscle helps stabilize the wrist when the elbow is straight. This occurs during a tennis groundstroke, for example. When the ECRB is weakened from overuse, microscopic tears form in the tendon where it attaches to the lateral epicondyle. This leads to inflammation and pain.

The ECRB may also be at increased risk for damage because of its position. As the elbow bends and straightens, the muscle rubs against bony bumps. This can cause gradual wear and tear of the muscle over time.


Athletes are not the only people who get tennis elbow. Many people with tennis elbow participate in work or recreational activities that require repetitive and vigorous use of the forearm muscle.

Painters, plumbers, and carpenters are particularly prone to developing tennis elbow. Studies have shown that auto workers, cooks, and even butchers get tennis elbow more often than the rest of the population. It is thought that the repetition and weight lifting required in these occupations leads to injury.


Most people who get tennis elbow are between the ages of 30 and 50, although anyone can get tennis elbow if they have the risk factors. In racquet sports like tennis, improper stroke technique and improper equipment may be risk factors.


Lateral epicondylitis can occur without any recognized repetitive injury. This occurence is called “insidious” or of an unknown cause.

The symptoms of tennis elbow develop gradually. In most cases, the pain begins as mild and slowly worsens over weeks and months. There is usually no specific injury associated with the start of symptoms.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow

  • Pain or burning on the outer part of your elbow
  • Weak grip strength

The symptoms are often worsened with forearm activity, such as holding a racquet, turning a wrench, or shaking hands. Your dominant arm is most often affected; however both arms can be affected.



Your doctor may recommend additional tests to rule out other causes of your problem.


These may be taken to rule out arthritis of the elbow.

Diagnostic Ultrasound

Elbow ultrasound

Using an in-office ultrasound machine, your doctor can quickly diagnosis tennis elbow.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

If your doctor thinks your symptoms are related to a neck problem, an MRI scan may be ordered. This will help your doctor see if you have a possible herniated disk or arthritis in your neck. Both of these conditions often produce arm pain.

Electromyography (EMG)

Your doctor may order an EMG to rule out nerve compression. Many nerves travel around the elbow, and the symptoms of nerve compression are similar to those of tennis elbow.

Nonsurgical Treatment

Approximately 80% to 95% of patients have success with nonsurgical treatment.

Rest. The first step toward recovery is to give your arm proper rest. This means that you will have to stop participation in sports or heavy work activities for several weeks.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines. Drugs like aspirin or ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling.

Equipment check. If you participate in a racquet sport, your doctor may encourage you to have your equipment checked for proper fit. Stiffer racquets and looser-strung racquets often can reduce the stress on the forearm, which means that the forearm muscles do not have to work as hard. If you use an oversized racquet, changing to a smaller head may help prevent symptoms from recurring.

Physical therapy. Specific exercises are helpful for strengthening the muscles of the forearm. Your therapist may also perform ultrasound, ice massage, or muscle-stimulating techniques to improve muscle healing.

Brace. Using a brace centered over the back of your forearm may also help relieve symptoms of tennis elbow. This can reduce symptoms by resting the muscles and tendons.

Surgical Treatment

If your symptoms do not respond after 6 to 12 months of nonsurgical treatments, your doctor may recommend surgery.

Most surgical procedures for tennis elbow involve removing diseased muscle and reattaching healthy muscle back to bone.

The right surgical approach for you will depend on a range of factors. These include the scope of your injury, your general health, and your personal needs. Talk with your doctor about the options. Discuss the results your doctor has had, and any risks associated with each procedure.

F.A.S.T. Procedure. The innovative FAST procedure—Focused Aspiration of Scar Tissue—is based on advanced technology developed in collaboration with the Mayo Clinic. FAST is a minimally invasive procedure designed to remove tendon scar tissue quickly and safely, without disturbing your surrounding healthy tendon tissue.

Click here to watch the F.A.S.T procedure.

Arthroscopic surgery. Tennis elbow can also be repaired using tiny instruments and small incisions. Like open surgery, this is a same-day or outpatient procedure.

Surgical risks. As with any surgery, there are risks with tennis elbow surgery. The most common things to consider include:

  • Infection
  • Nerve and blood vessel damage
  • Possible prolonged rehabilitation
  • Loss of strength
  • Loss of flexibility
  • The need for further surgery

Rehabilitation. Following surgery, your arm may be immobilized temporarily with a splint. About 1 week later, the sutures and splint are removed.

After the splint is removed, exercises are started to stretch the elbow and restore flexibility. Light, gradual strengthening exercises are started about 2 months after surgery.

Your doctor will tell you when you can return to athletic activity. This is usually 4 to 6 months after surgery. Tennis elbow surgery is considered successful in 80% to 90% of patients. However, it is not uncommon to see a loss of strength.

Click here for more information.

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fast procedure, tennis elbow

Tennis elbow: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

Tennis elbow is an inflammation of the tendons that join the muscles of the forearm to the outside of the elbow. It often occurs due to overusing the forearm muscles and tendons and those around the elbow joint.

Tennis elbow is also known as lateral elbow pain or lateral epicondylitis and is not necessarily related to tennis. However, tennis players often develop the condition because it stems from repetitive muscle use. Half of all tennis players will get tennis elbow in their career.

Tennis elbow is thought to affect between 1 and 3 percent of the population in the United States (U.S.). It usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 50 years.

Fast facts on tennis elbow

  • Tennis elbow is caused by small tears in the tendons that join the forearm to the outside of the elbow.
  • 50 percent of tennis players will experience tennis elbow.
  • Overuse of the forearm with incorrect wrist action can lead to tennis elbow.
  • Physiotherapy, support devices, and steroid injections can be used to treat the condition.
  • Certain exercises that provide strength to the supportive muscles in the arm and shoulder, such as the Tyler Twist, can help symptoms.
  • Stretch carefully ahead of racquet sports to prevent tennis elbow.

The most common symptom of tennis elbow is recurring pain on the outside of the upper forearm, just below the bend of the elbow. Pain may also be felt further down the arm, towards the wrist.

Pain can occur when the individual lifts or bends the arm. It is also felt while performing basic actions, such as writing or when gripping small objects.

Tennis elbow can cause pain when twisting the forearm. This can be noticeable when turning a door handle or extending the forearm fully.

The cause of tennis elbow stems from repeating incorrect movements of the arm. This can lead to small tears in the tendon attachment at the elbow. In tennis, this translates to the repeated motion and force of hitting a ball with a racquet.

Incorrect technique can cause the power in the swing of a racquet to rotate through and around the wrist. This creates a movement on the wrist instead of the elbow joint or shoulder. This can increase pressure on the tendon and cause irritation and inflammation.

Most often, the extensor muscles become painful due this tendon breakdown. The extensor muscles are those that straighten the wrist.

Tennis elbow is associated with the extension of the fingers and the wrist. This is the kind of movement that allows the person to “snap” or flick the wrist, such as during a racquet swing.

Other causes

Despite the name, tennis elbow refers to any injury to this particular tendon caused by overuse. Tennis elbow can stem from daily activities such as:

  • using scissors
  • cutting tough food
  • gardening
  • sporting activities that involve high amounts of throwing
  • swimming
  • manual work that involves repetitive turning or lifting of the wrist, such as plumbing, typing, or bricklaying.

Sometimes, there is no apparent cause.

There is an easy test that a person can do at home to decide whether they have tennis elbow.

Stand behind a chair and place your hands on top of the chair back, with downward-facing palms and straight elbows. Try to lift the chair.

If this action causes pain on the outside of the elbow, it is a likely indicator of tennis elbow.

An X-ray or MRI scan is sometimes needed to rule out other more severe conditions, such as arthritis or an elbow joint injury. However, imaging is rarely necessary. The doctor will test a range of motions with the arm before asking about the location and nature of the pain.

This is normally enough information for tennis elbow diagnosis.

An MRI gives a more detailed image than an X-ray, as it includes the soft tissues, muscles, and tendons inside the arm. This may be required if the outer elbow pain does not respond to conservative treatment after a year.

Electromyography (EMG) may be used to find out if the nerves are compressed.

Several treatment methods can be used at home or after consulting a physician.

Rest: Resting the arm is important. A break in activity allows the tears in the tendon attachment to heal. Tennis players treat more serious cases with ice, anti-inflammatory drugs, soft tissue massages, stretching exercises, and ultrasound therapy.

Physical therapy: Physical therapists commonly advise that racquet sports players strengthen their shoulder, upper arm, and abdominal muscles. This can help to reduce the wrist extensors during shoulder and arm movements.

Ice massages and muscle stimulating techniques: These can also help the muscles to heal.

Strapping or taping the forearm: Supporting the area can help realign the muscle fibers and relieve pressure on the area. A physician may recommend using a splint for 2 to 3 weeks to take the elbow out of action.

Steroid injection: If symptoms are very painful, and the condition is making movement difficult, a physician may recommend a steroid injection.

After a steroid injection, the person should rest the arm and avoid putting too much strain on it.

Other conservative treatments: Further options include injections of botulinum toxin, also known as Botox, and extra-corporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT).

ESWT is a technique thought to trigger the healing process by sending sound waves to the elbow. Heat therapy, low-level laser therapy, occupational therapy, and trigger point therapy are other options.

A newly available therapy is an injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), prepared from the blood of the patient. PRP contains proteins that encourage healing. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) describes this treatment as promising but still under investigation.

Surgery: This may be needed to remove the damaged part of the tendon and relieve the pain in the rare cases where nonsurgical treatment does not resolve symptoms in 6 to 12 months. Between 80 and 95 percent of patients recover without surgery.

To prevent further damage to the tendons, it may be useful to wear an arm brace or a wrist splint when using the arm. It can be taken off while resting or sleeping. A physician or physiotherapist can advise about the best type of brace or splint.

Stretches and progressive strengthening exercises involving the use of weights or elastic bands can be helpful. They can increase pain-free grip strength and forearm strength.

An article published by the Canadian Family Physician recommends a number of exercises using dumbbells that have helped muscle conditioning in patients with tennis elbow.

Exercising during a case of tennis elbow is vital for regaining muscle strength and reducing pain.

Despite painful sensations, it is possible to ease into an exercise routine through initial stretching. The most important part of managing tennis elbow is persisting with a daily regimen of stretches and lifts. Start with lower weights and increase the difficulty of the motions until it is only possible to complete ten lifts.

Here is an example of a simple exercise to improve tennis elbow symptoms.

The Tyler Twist

Find a long, thin object you can grip comfortably with both hands. It is preferable to use a flexible item that still provides resistance while being twisted. A rolled up towel can work. People practising the Tyler Twist often often use an exercise tool called a FlexBar.

  1. Hold the object vertically in front of your chest.
  2. Grip the object with both hands, with your hands facing the same way. Both wrists should be fully extended, or bent back.
  3. Move the wrist affected with tennis elbow into flexion, or a bent-forward position, around the object.
  4. Keeping the wrist in flexion, rotate the object into a horizontal position, as if you were holding the handlebars of a bicycle. Hold your arms straight out in front of your body.
  5. Move the unaffected wrist into flexion, joining the affected wrist.
  6. Perform three sets of 15 repetitions a day until symptoms improve.

This video demonstrates the required motion. However, completing these steps slowly is key.

There are other exercises available. Speak to a physical therapist about the best routine for your body.

To reduce the risk of tennis elbow, it is important to pay attention to movement techniques during exercise or exertion.

It is better to spread the load to the larger muscles of the shoulder and upper arm, rather than focus activity on the smaller muscles in the wrist and the elbow.

Warming up: Warming up before playing a sport that involves repetitive arm movements, such as tennis or squash, is essential. Gently stretching the arm muscles will help to avoid injury.

Using lightweight tools: Lighter sports equipment or racquets with a larger grip size will help reduce strain on the tendons. Damp tennis balls and older balls load the arm with unnecessary force.

Increasing the strength of forearm muscles: This can help support arm movement and prevent tennis elbow.

A physical therapist can also recommend suitable exercises to help strengthen the appropriate muscles.

Tennis Elbow | Cigna

Topic Overview

What is tennis elbow?

Tennis elbow is soreness or pain on the outer part of the elbow. It happens when you damage the tendons that connect the muscles of your forearm to your elbow. The pain may spread down your arm to your wrist. If you don’t treat the injury, it may hurt to do simple things like turn a key or open a door.

Your doctor may call this condition lateral epicondylitis.

What causes tennis elbow?

Most of the time tennis elbow is caused by overuse. You probably got it from doing activities where you twist your arm over and over. This can stress the tendon, causing tiny tears that in time lead to pain. A direct blow to the outer elbow can also cause tendon damage.

Tennis elbow is common in tennis players, but most people get it from other activities that work the same muscles, such as gardening, painting, or using a screwdriver. It is often the result of using equipment that is the wrong size or using it the wrong way.

Anyone can get tennis elbow, but it usually occurs in people in their 40s.

How is tennis elbow diagnosed?

To diagnose tennis elbow, a doctor will examine your elbow and ask questions about the elbow problem, your daily activities, and past injuries. You probably won’t need to have an X-ray, but you might have one to help rule out other things that could be causing the pain.

If your symptoms don’t get better with treatment, you might have an imaging test, such as an MRI. This can tell your doctor whether a bone problem or tissue damage is causing your symptoms.

How is it treated?

You can start treating tennis elbow at home right away.

  • Rest your arm, and avoid any activity that makes the pain worse.
  • As soon as you notice pain, use ice or cold packs for 10 to 15 minutes at a time, several times a day. Always put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin. Keep using ice as long as it relieves pain. Or use a warm, moist cloth or take hot baths if they feel good. Do what works for you.
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or naproxen (NSAIDs) or acetaminophen if you need them. Or try an NSAID cream that you rub over the sore area. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
  • Wear a counterforce brace when you need to grasp or twist something. This is a strap around your forearm worn around your forearm just below the elbow. It may ease the pressure on the tendon and spread force throughout your arm.

After the pain eases, your doctor or physical therapist can teach you rehabilitation (rehab) exercises to stretch and strengthen your tendon. Doing these exercises at home can help your tendon heal and can prevent further injury.

When you feel better, you can return to your activity, but take it easy for a while. Don’t start at the same level as before your injury. Build back to your previous level slowly, and stop if it hurts. To avoid damaging your tendon again:

  • Take lessons or ask a trainer or pro to check the way you are doing your activity. If the way you use a tool is the problem, try switching hands or changing your grip. Make sure you are using the right equipment for your size and strength.
  • Always take time to warm up before and stretch after you exercise.
  • After the activity, apply ice to prevent pain and swelling.

Be patient, and stay with your treatment. You will probably feel better in a few weeks, but it may take 6 to 12 months for the tendon to heal. In some cases, the pain lasts for 2 years or longer.

If your symptoms don’t improve after 6 to 8 weeks of home treatment, your doctor may suggest a shot of corticosteroid. This could give you some short-term relief so you can start rehab exercises. But in the long term, having the corticosteroid shot may not help any more than not having it. Surgery is seldom needed for tennis elbow.

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Oct 12, 2020.

What is Tendonitis?

Tendons are tough, flexible, fibrous bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones. When tendons become inflamed, irritated or suffer microscopic tears, the condition is called tendonitis. Tendons can be small, like the delicate, tiny bands in the hands, or large, like the heavy, ropelike cords that anchor the calf or thigh muscles. In most cases, the cause of tendonitis is unknown; when a cause can be identified, the condition usually happens for one of two reasons:  

  • Overuse – A particular body motion is repeated too often. 
  • Overload – The level of a certain activity, such as weightlifting, is increased too quickly. 

Rarely, tendonitis is caused by an infection, such as gonorrhea. Tendonitis is most common in the shoulder, elbow, knee, wrist and heel, although it can happen anywhere that tendons are found in the body. For uncertain reasons, tendonitis is also common in people with diabetes. In recent years, a rare cause of tendonitis (or other tendon disease, including rupture) has been recognized: the use of certain antibiotics, including ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin. Why this happens is unknown. 

Tendonitis in the shoulder – The most common form of tendonitis in the shoulder is rotator cuff tendonitis. It involves the tendon of the supraspinatus muscle, which attaches to the upper portion of the upper arm bone (humerus) at the shoulder joint. Less commonly, the tendon of the infraspinatus muscle or other tendons of the rotator cuff is affected. In most cases, the supraspinatus tendon is injured by overuse, typically in an occupation or sport that requires the arm to be elevated repeatedly. People at risk include carpenters, painters, welders, swimmers, tennis players and baseball players. The average patient is a male laborer older than 40, and the shoulder pain is on the same side as his dominant hand (for example, right shoulder pain in a right-handed person).

Tendonitis in the elbow – Two forms of tendonitis commonly involve the elbow: lateral epicondylitis and medial epicondylitis. Both are very common overuse injuries among athletes involved in golf or throwing and racquet sports. 

Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) causes pain on the outer side of the elbow joint. This condition probably affects 40% to 50% of all adult athletes who play racquet sports. It also can be caused by any activity that repeatedly twists and flexes the wrist, such as pulling weeds, using a screwdriver or even carrying a briefcase.

Medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow) causes pain on the inner side of the elbow. It is a less common injury than tennis elbow and, despite its name, it is more likely to be related an occupation that requires repeated elbow movements (such as construction work) than to sports. When it does occur as a sports injury, medial epicondylitis can be triggered by repeatedly swinging a golf club or throwing a baseball. 

Tendonitis in the knee – Jumper’s knee, the most common form of knee tendonitis, involves either the patellar tendon at the lower edge of the kneecap or the quadriceps tendon at the upper edge of the kneecap. It is a common overuse injury, especially in basketball players and distance runners. 

Tendonitis in the wrist – In the wrist, tendonitis commonly appears in the form of de Quervain’s disease, a condition that causes pain in the back of the wrist at the base of the thumb. Although de Quervain’s disease usually occurs in people who repeatedly grasp or pinch with the thumb, it sometimes develops during pregnancy or for no known reason. 

Achilles tendonitis – This form of tendonitis affects the Achilles tendon, the large ropelike tendon attached to the heel bone at the back of the foot. Achilles tendonitis usually is caused by overuse, especially in sports that require running or repeated jumping, and it accounts for 15% of all running injuries. Achilles tendonitis also may be related to faulty running technique or to poorly fitting shoes, if the back of the shoe digs into the Achilles tendon above the heel. Less often, Achilles tendonitis is related to an inflammatory illness, such as ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, gout or rheumatoid arthritis.  


In general, tendonitis causes pain in the tissues surrounding a joint, especially after the joint is used too much during play or work. In some cases, the joint may feel weak, and the area may be red, swollen and warm to the touch. 

When tendonitis is caused by an infection such as gonorrhea, there may be other symptoms, including rash, fever, or a discharge from the vagina or penis. 

Other symptoms vary according to which tendon is affected:  

  • Rotator cuff tendonitis – Usually dull, aching shoulder pain that can’t be tied to one location. It often radiates into the upper arm toward the chest. The pain is often worse at night and may interfere with sleep.  
  • Tennis elbow – Pain in the outer side of the elbow. In some cases, the painful area extends down to the forearm and wrist  
  • Golfer’s elbow – Pain in the inner side of the elbow  
  • Jumper’s knee – Pain below the kneecap and, sometimes, above it  
  • De Quervain’s disease – Pain at the back of the wrist, near the base of the thumb  
  • Achilles tendonitis – Pain at the back of the heel or 2 to 4 inches above the heel  


After reviewing your medical history, including any previous joint injuries, your doctor will ask you specific questions about your pain:  

  • What does your pain feel like (sharp, dull, burning)?  
  • Where is your pain located? Is it limited to one area or does it spread away from the joint to involve a wider area on your arm, leg or hand?  
  • Do you have tingling, numbness or weakness?  
  • When did your pain start? Did it begin after a sudden increase in your work activities or exercise? Might it be related to any new sport or exercise that you’ve recently tried?  
  • What makes it feel better, and what makes it worse?  
  • Does the pain disappear when you rest the area, or is it present even at rest?  
  • Have you had unprotected sex?  

During the physical exam, your doctor will look for tenderness, swelling, redness, muscle weakness and limited motion in the area of the sore tendon. Your doctor also may ask you to move in certain ways, such as raising your arm above your head or bending your wrist. These moves may hurt, but they are very important to help your doctor figure out which tendon is affected. In most cases, the diagnosis can be made based on your medical history and symptoms, together with your occupational and sports history and the results of your physical examination. 

Some people may need blood tests to look for other causes of inflammation around the joints, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. X-rays also may be taken to confirm that there is no fracture, dislocation or bone disease. In people with Achilles tendonitis or rotator cuff tendonitis, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans may be used to help evaluate the extent of tendon damage.  

Expected Duration

Depending on the location and severity of tendonitis, symptoms may last for a few days or for several weeks. If there is continued overuse or aggravation of the injured site, pain may worsen and persist for several months. 


In many cases, tendonitis can be avoided by taking a few simple precautions. Some helpful strategies include:  

  • Always warm up before beginning strenuous exercise.  
  • f you want to intensify your exercise level, do it gradually.  
  • Be careful about the “no pain, no gain” approach. It can be difficult to distinguish between an ache that indicates you’re building strength and an ache that means you injured a tendon.  
  • Avoid activities that require prolonged periods of reaching over your head, such as painting the ceiling. If you must do this kind of work, take frequent breaks.  
  • Wear shoes that fit properly, especially if you participate in a sport that requires a lot of running, such as track, cross-country or basketball.  
  • If you are active in organized sports or exercise regularly, pay attention to your technique.  Ask your coach or trainer for guidance. If you’re having exercise-related tendonitis, a doctor who specializes in sports medicine may be helpful as well.  
  • For people with medial or lateral epicondylitis related to racquet sports, changing to a racquet with a larger head may help to prevent re-injury, as long as the new racquet is not heavier than the original. Some specialists believe that this type of racquet cuts down on the transmission of vibrations to the arm. 
  • Tendonitis caused by gonorrhea can be prevented by abstinence or by practicing safe sex.  


The quicker your tendonitis is treated, the sooner you’ll recover full strength and flexibility. Your doctor first may recommend that you apply ice packs to the painful area for 20-minute periods, three or four times a day. You also should ice the area immediately after any activity that aggravates your pain (such as tennis or running). To relieve pain and swelling, your doctor may suggest that you take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and others), aspirin or another nonprescription anti-inflammatory medication, for up to several weeks. You also will need to rest the area for a few days to a few weeks to allow your body to repair itself. For example, people with golfer’s elbow usually need to rest the affected elbow for at least one month. If an infection is causing the tendonitis, an antibiotic is recommended.  

Depending on the location and severity of tendonitis, you may need temporary splinting, bracing or a sling (for tendonitis in the upper extremity). However, it is important to gently and regularly move the joint to avoid getting a stiff, or “frozen,” joint.  This is particularly important for tendonitis involving the shoulder. 

For more serious cases of noninfectious tendonitis, your doctor may inject a corticosteroid drug or local anesthetic into the affected tendon. He or she also may refer you to a physical therapist for more specialized local treatments, such as deep heat treatments using ultrasound, friction massage or water therapy to improve joint mobility. The physical therapist also will guide you through a rehabilitation program that will help you to regain strength, motion and function. The length of time for rehabilitation varies depending on the type and severity of tendonitis. For example, Achilles tendonitis and epicondylitis may require several months to resolve.  

Surgery is rarely needed to treat tendonitis. It is reserved for cases that do not respond to other types of treatment or when there is significant tendon damage that is unlikely to improve with any other treatment.  

When To Call a Professional

Call your doctor whenever you have a significant joint problem, such as severe pain, redness or swelling or loss of joint function. Also, call your doctor if less-severe joint pain is persistent. 


With proper treatment, the affected tendon usually recovers completely. However, incomplete rehabilitation or a hasty return to activity can slow the healing process or lead to re-injury. 

Learn more about Tendonitis

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External resources

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS)


American Physical Therapy Association


American College of Rheumatology


Arthritis Foundation


Further information

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Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Despite its name, “tennis elbow”, or lateral epicondylitis, does not solely occur in tennis players. Tennis elbow is actually the most common condition seen in patients experiencing elbow pain and is thought to be due to small tears of the tendons that attach forearm muscles to the arm bone at the elbow joint.

The diagnosis of tennis elbow is made through a medical history and physical examination. Additional tests may be ordered to rule out other health conditions that cause lateral elbow pain.

Treatment of tennis elbow is conservative and usually involves rest, wearing a forearm brace, and taking an anti-inflammatory medication.


Tennis elbow occurs when there is a problem with the tendon (called the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle tendon) that attaches to the outside part of the elbow bone called the lateral epicondyle, thus giving tennis elbow the medical name ‘lateral epicondylitis.’ This tendon is the attachment site of the muscle that functions to cock the wrist back (called wrist extension).

Illustration by Alexandra Gordon, Verywell

It’s important to note that tennis elbow is not simply a tendon “inflammation.” Rather, as a result of repetitive use, experts believe that incompletely healed microscopic tears develop within the tendon. This leads to a degenerative (“wear and tear”) process and subsequent pain and tenderness felt at the outside of the elbow.

While tennis elbow may occur on its own, there are two groups of people that are especially vulnerable to developing this condition:

  • Sports Participants: Athletes, especially racquet sport players, are prone to developing tennis elbow. About a third of amateur tennis players experience tennis elbow at some point in their careers. In addition to racquet sports, tennis elbow is seen in golfers, fencers, and other sports participants.
  • Manual Laborers: People who work with their hands are at greater risk of developing tennis elbow. Jobs that may lead to tennis elbow include plumbers, painters, gardeners, and carpenters.

Besides activities that require repetitive gripping and grasping, trauma (in the form of a direct hit to the elbow which leads to tendon swelling) can also cause tennis elbow; although, this is a less common culprit.


The most common symptoms of tennis elbow are:

  • An aching or burning pain over the outside of the elbow that is worsened by gripping or lifting
  • Pain starts at the elbow but then may spread to the forearm
  • Weak grip strength

Ellen Lindner / Verywell

The pain associated with tennis elbow usually has a gradual onset, but it may also come on suddenly. Pain can be highly variable too, ranging from very mild to severe and debilitating.


The diagnosis of tennis elbow is made through a medical history and physical examination. Additional tests may be ordered to rule out other conditions that cause elbow pain.

Besides tennis elbow, there are several other causes of pain over the outside of the elbow including instability of the joint, elbow arthritis, radial tunnel syndrome, and cervical radiculopathy. These conditions are generally considered if the symptoms are not typical for tennis elbow, or if a person with presumed tennis elbow does not respond to treatment.

Medical History and Physical Examination

In addition to inquiring about the characteristics of your elbow pain (e.g., location and severity), your doctor will ask you about any potential risk factors, like whether you have participated in a certain job or sports-related activities or experienced a recent elbow injury or trauma.

Your doctor will also ask you about your medical history, like whether you have a history of rheumatoid arthritis or elbow nerve entrapment.

During the physical exam, your doctor will press on your elbow at various sites to evaluate for tenderness. With tennis elbow, there is usually tenderness about one centimeter from the lateral epicondyle itself.

Your doctor will also move (flex and extend) your wrist while your arm and elbow are held out to see if this increases or reproduces your pain.

Other Tests

Various tests may be used to diagnose some of the above conditions. For example, while an X-ray should be normal with a tennis elbow, it may reveal changes consistent with elbow arthritis.

Likewise, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is also often normal, although in some individuals the affected tendon may show some abnormal changes. An MRI can also be useful for diagnosing radial tunnel syndrome

Other tests, such as nerve conduction study and electromyography (EMG), are sometimes conducted to rule out nerve compression. Blood tests may be utilized to help diagnose inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis.

When to See a Doctor

The following symptoms should be discussed with your doctor before initiating any treatment:

  • Inability to carry objects or use your arm
  • Elbow pain that occurs at night or while resting
  • Elbow pain that persists beyond a few days
  • Inability to straighten or flex your arm
  • Swelling or significant bruising around the joint or arm
  • Any other unusual symptoms


Treatment of tennis elbow entails simple, non-surgical steps, and the good news is that with sufficient time, most individuals respond well.

Non-Surgical Therapies

For most people, one or more of the following treatments are effective for treating tennis elbow:

  • Rest and Activity Modification: Stopping or significantly limiting activities that trigger and/or aggravate the condition (oftentimes for several weeks) is a key first step to healing.
  • Medication: Under the guidance of your doctor, taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), can ease inflammation and pain.
  • Brace: Wearing a tennis elbow brace (a band worn over the back of your forearm muscle just below your elbow) can ease the stress on the tendon and muscle.
  • Physical Therapy: Performing exercises that stretch and strengthen your forearm muscles, as well as various techniques like ice massage, heat, or ultrasound, can help improve muscle function and speed up healing.
  • Steroid Injection: In certain cases, your doctor may opt to inject cortisone (a strong anti-inflammatory medication) into the area near your lateral epicondyle.

It is usually best to begin treatments in a stepwise fashion, advancing to the next treatment only if one fails to alleviate your symptoms. It is also important to remember that most patients take a few months from the onset of symptoms to resolution of symptoms—it is rarely an overnight cure.


A small percentage of patients diagnosed with tennis elbow will ultimately require surgical treatment. Generally speaking, patients may consider surgery if more conservative treatments are not effective after a period of six to 12 months.

A Word From Verywell

While “tennis elbow” or lateral epicondylitis is a painful and frustrating condition, be at ease knowing that you are not alone. This condition is common, and with proper time and treatment, the vast majority of people experience tendon healing and relief.

90,000 Tendonitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment.


Tendon disease tendonitis in most clinical cases occurs for two main reasons:

  • • increased physical activity with excessive stress on the tendons;
  • • age-related degenerative changes in the ligamentous apparatus, which are characteristic of people over the age of 40.

The development of the disease is facilitated by a number of anatomical features of the human body, in particular, different lengths of the lower extremities, disproportionate arrangement of the patella, flat feet, curvature of the legs, and more.

The disease can be provoked by various pathological conditions, including:

  • • diseases associated with gross metabolic disorders in the body;
  • • immunodeficiency states;
  • • rheumatism;
  • • infectious diseases of various etiologies (gonorrhea, streptococcal infection, chlamydia).

Tendinitis, as a secondary pathology, develops mainly in individuals with a weakened level of immunity, in whom the body’s resistance to infections is sharply reduced.


Symptoms of tendonitis depend on the location of the pathological process and the stage of its development. At the initial stages of the formation of tendon inflammation, pain occurs only after intense physical exertion. Later, pains begin to bother a person even at rest.

Pain can be localized directly in the area of ​​the projection of the ligament or on the sides of it. They are more often aching in nature, but they can also be quite intense.Rarely, pain is present on an ongoing basis. On palpation, the pain increases. Acute tendon inflammation is accompanied by severe swelling, redness, and impaired mobility in the affected joint.

Sometimes tendon tendonitis is accompanied by crepitus. As a result of the long course of the disease, small nodules are formed along the diseased ligament, which can be felt when touched. Over time, calcium is deposited in the thickness of such formations, which makes them very dense.If left untreated, a partial or complete rupture of the tendon is possible.

The clinical picture of the disease largely depends on the stage of its course:

  • acute phase – pain and discomfort in the area of ​​the affected tendon bother the patient only after physical exertion and quickly pass at rest;
  • the subacute stage is characterized by a more pronounced pain syndrome even in a state of complete rest, which is accompanied by hyperemia of the skin, swelling of soft tissues and limited mobility;
  • Chronic tendonitis is accompanied by degenerative changes in the tendon with constant pain, decreased range of motion and persistent stiffness.

What will help soothe a stretched tendon, how to treat its inflammation and prevent the occurrence of complications of the pathological process? All these questions can only be answered by a qualified doctor.


Tendinitis is different. The tactics of treating the disease depend on the nature of the inflammatory process. Today, doctors distinguish serous, fibrinous and purulent tendon inflammation.

Depending on the location of the affected tendon, tendinitis can be divided into the following types:

1.Temporal tendonitis – leads to dysfunction of chewing, a clicking sensation with a wide opening of the mouth and painful sensations in the affected area.

2. Tendinitis of the shoulder joint with damage to the capsule of the joint of the biceps tendon and supraspinatus muscle. The defeat of the tendon of the supraspinatus muscle of the shoulder, the treatment of which only experienced doctors can do, leads to the impossibility of placing the hand behind the head or raising it up.

3. Tendonitis of the biceps tendon on the arm with a decrease in the volume of movement in this area.

4. Tendonitis of the elbow joint with limited mobility in the elbow joint, its swelling and severe pain.

5. Tendinitis of the wrist, the symptoms, the treatment of which is well known to specialists. It is manifested by discomfort after performing physical work, a feeling of flattening of the hand and complicated extension of the fingers.

6. Tendinitis of the hip joint, when movement in the joint of the same name is limited, and over time its persistent dysfunction is formed.

7.Knee tendinitis (occurs after injuries, wearing uncomfortable shoes, intense training) leads to tendon dystrophy and partial loss of their function. Knee tendinitis is dangerous in its consequences, as without treatment it can cause the patient’s disability.

8. Tendonitis of the Achilles tendon, which is characteristic of physical workers and athletes, manifests itself as difficulty walking up stairs, limited movement in the ankle, pain even at rest.

9. Tendinitis of the foot with swelling and soreness in this area, which often extends to the lower leg. When the process is started, nodules form in the tendons that limit mobility.

For any type of tendon inflammation, you should not self-medicate. The only correct decision is to find out who is treating ligaments and tendons, so that you can immediately seek specialized medical help.


Diagnosis of tendonitis is based on the collection of anamnestic data and assessment of the results of the examinations.Sometimes the doctor just needs to examine the patient and listen to his complaints. But in the overwhelming majority of cases, to confirm the diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo an X-ray of the affected area, ultrasound and even an MRI. These methods will help determine the exact localization of the inflammatory process, assess the degree of its neglect and the nature of tendon degeneration.


The choice of a method for correcting tendonitis depends on its location, stage of development and the nature of the patient’s professional activity.With early treatment, most patients manage to avoid surgery and cure the disease using conservative techniques. As a rule, after diagnostics and confirmation of tendon inflammation, a person is prescribed complete immobilization of the limb. For example, before treating Achilles tendonitis, the entire leg must be kept motionless.

Drug therapy of the disease includes:

  • the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for topical application (ointment), which must be applied to the damaged areas of the body several times a day;
  • taking painkillers;
  • injections with tendinitis of the shoulder joint or elbow joint with glucocorticoid solutions with severe symptoms of inflammation with intense pain and inability to move;
  • prescribing antibiotics when confirming the specificity of the pathogen.

Knowing how to treat knee tendonitis correctly, you can completely stop the pathological condition, resume normal joint function and avoid complications.

After completing the course of drug therapy, the patient is recommended physiotherapy to restore the functionality of the damaged tendons. It is realized with the help of medical gymnastics under the guidance of a rehabilitation physician.

In the absence of effect from conservative treatment and progression of purulent inflammation, experts insist on surgical intervention with rehabilitation in the postoperative period.Always, before treating an Achilles tendon or tendonitis in another area with surgery, doctors assess the risks and warn patients about possible long-term recovery.

If you suspect the development of tendonitis, a person should immediately contact the clinic for diagnosis and competent treatment of the disease. Only a qualified doctor is able to determine the cause of the inflammation, assess the extent of the lesion, and prescribe effective pain relievers. It is important to contact the best specialists, like an orthopedic traumatologist of the Center for Rehabilitation Therapy.


Any disease is always easier to prevent than to then cure without consequences. And tendonitis is no exception to this rule. It is possible to reduce the risks of developing tendon inflammation by following the simple recommendations of specialists:

  • rejection of uncomfortable high-heeled shoes;
  • carrying out small warm-ups throughout the day;
  • referring to a professional trainer when performing strength exercises or during intense training;
  • reducing the load on the affected area;
  • timely treatment of infectious diseases;
  • strengthening the immune system;
  • rejection of bad habits and normalization of the diet.


With timely access to specialists and competent treatment with strict adherence to all the doctor’s recommendations, the prognosis for complete recovery is favorable. In such cases, it is possible to completely stop the inflammatory process and minimize the risks of relapse. Chronic tendonitis requires long-term therapy and, unfortunately, is rarely amenable to complete cure. But with proper patient management, doctors manage to achieve long-term remission.

At the Center for Restorative Medicine in Naberezhnye Chelny you can make an appointment with an orthopedist. Prices for a specialist consultation can be found on the website or by phone +7 (8552) 78-09-35, +7 (953) 482-66-62

90,000 Tendonitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment | Doc.ua

Tendonitis of the knee is an inflammation of the patellar ligament, which is a tendon of the femur muscle (quadriceps) that attaches to the tibia, or rather to its anterior surface.

Inflammation of the tendons that attach to all sides of the hip joint is called hip tendonitis.Hamstring syndrome requires special attention and prompt treatment – an inflammation of the tendons that are attached to the ischial tuberosity. If treatment is not started on time, then the patient may begin to develop pinching of the sciatic nerve.

Tendinosis of the elbow joints is divided into separate diseases (depending on which muscle groups were damaged). These diseases are known as baseball elbow, golfer’s elbow, tennis elbow.

Tendinosis, which developed in the shoulder joint, is also divided into several types: rotator cuff, calcifying, biceps brachii.

The difference between tendonitis and tear or stretching is that during stretching, some of the fibers are torn at the same time, and then begins to heal. The stretch site begins to hurt and become inflamed, which forces the patient to reduce the load on the sore spot. During tendonitis, the rupture occurs constantly, and the healing phase of the rupture is at different stages. At the same time, patients perform the same daily load, which is why the process of treating tendonitis often turns into a chronic form of the disease.


Inflammation of the tendons can begin to develop in two cases:

  • in athletes, as a result of inadequate physical activity on the body;
  • in people over 40, as a result of age-related changes in the body.

Inadequate loads can be caused by various factors:

  • with frequent and intense physical exercise without the necessary warm-up or with violations of the exercise technique.Tendinitis of the hip joint can begin to develop: after hard and frequent blows of the limb against a hard surface (as a result of a violation of running technique). When performing sports exercises that require sharp turns, frequent jumps, strikes against a hard surface (when exercising not in the gym, but on the street, on the asphalt), if unsportsmanlike shoes are used during sports. Inflammation of the elbow joint can begin to develop when performing frequent abrupt movements of the hands, with violations of technique in any sport, with the correct and frequent execution of monotonous abrupt movements.Shoulder tendinitis develops as a result of increased stress during resistance exercises, and with insufficient warm-up;
  • with anatomical features of the skeleton. Inflammation of the hip joint develops if a person has different leg lengths, which are not corrected by wearing special shoes. Knee tendonitis – with curvature of the legs (X- or O-shaped), with dislocations.

As a person ages, the content of elastin fibers in the body decreases (they provide elasticity and extensibility of tendons), and the content of collagen fibers (provide rigidity and strength), on the contrary, increases, and this is what causes age-related changes in the body, leading to the development of tendinosis.

More rare causes of tendinitis:

  • sexually transmitted infections;
  • diseases associated with metabolic disorders;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • the presence of injuries in the tendon area.


Tendonitis is characterized by several symptoms, the main one being pain. It appears at first only after training or after prolonged physical exertion on the body.Then the pains become constant. Basically, it is a dull pain that is felt near the ligament. Painful sensations arise only when performing active movements, when the joint is at rest – pain does not arise. When pressing on the sore tendons with tendinitis, or rather on the area where it is located, the pain intensifies.

With intense inflammation, there may be reddening of the skin, an increase in body temperature, and poor joint mobility. There may be a crunch in the tendon area.

Already with long-term treatment, sometimes an elastic nodule or somewhat at the site of the inflamed tendon can be felt. This is due to the growth of fibrous tissue in place of the damaged one. With tendinitis of the shoulder joint, salt deposits and calcification (tight nodules) may occur. Often, tendonitis ends with a ruptured tendon.


The disease is diagnosed mainly at the stage of examination of the patient. Ultrasound is sometimes used to examine the joints and surrounding tissue.In some cases, it is necessary to make an X-ray of the inflamed area in order to exclude the presence of other pathologies that can develop and are accompanied by the presence of similar symptoms.


If a person is diagnosed with tendonitis, treatment should be carried out as recommended by a physician. Initially, it is necessary to reduce the load on those muscles in which the tendons are inflamed. The limb is not immobilized, but the movements that cause pain are reduced. For this, bandages, bandaging of joints with elastic bandages can be used.Physiotherapy is prescribed. It includes various exercises, such as exercise machines that reduce the load on the body, stretching exercises, exercises to strengthen muscles.

To relieve pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed: a course of tablets, gels, creams that are applied to the inflamed area, capsaicin ointments.

In rare cases, injections of glucocorticoids are used, since hormones can lead the patient to rupture of tendons and can accelerate the process of rupture.Physiotherapeutic procedures (electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, phonophoresis) are also prescribed for people with tendon inflammation.

When tendonitis of the shoulder joint is accompanied by the formation of an increased amount of salts and calcifications, the general treatment is also supplemented by shock wave therapy.

When symptoms of pinching of the sciatic nerve appear, the cause of this is tendonitis of the hip joint, the doctor prescribes surgical treatment. After all, the usual conservative treatment is unable to cure the disease, it only relieves the symptoms for a while.

If the attending physician has prescribed medications to alleviate the course of the disease, an online search for medications can be carried out through our website, as well as quickly book them.

Tendonitis – what is it, symptoms and treatment – Dobrobut clinic

How to treat tendonitis of the knee. Types of pathology, symptoms

Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons that can develop anywhere in the body. How to treat tendonitis of the knee joint or other types of this disease is determined by the doctor.

Reasons for development

The pathology under consideration can act as an independent disease, but it can refer to the consequences of other problems in the body. Most often, doctors note that tendonitis occurs after excessive physical exertion or against the background of sports injuries. And often the patients themselves become the “culprit” of this – they begin intensive training with unprepared muscles and tendons. For example, the symptoms of Achilles tendonitis occur after long races when you want to lose weight – an excessive zeal for positive results always ends in sadness.

If the disease in question belongs to secondary pathologies, then it can be provoked by:

  • wrong metabolism;
  • weakened immunity;
  • rheumatism in different stages of the course;
  • infectious diseases, for example, streptococcal etiology;
  • gonorrhea;
  • chlamydia.

Doctors emphasize that secondary tendonitis can develop only against the background of unstable immunity.

Symptoms of tendinitis

The initial stage of the inflammatory process is practically not manifested in any way. But as the disease progresses, the patient complains:

  • for redness of the skin at the site of inflammation;
  • for pain in the affected area;
  • for violation of motor function;
  • for the formation of subcutaneous nodules.

If calcifying tendinitis of the foot progresses, then the patient simply cannot stand on his leg.At first, he will have severe lameness, and subsequently the person loses the ability to move normally.

Chronic elbow tendonitis will have the following symptoms:

  • constant pain, including at rest;
  • inability to unbend / bend the arm;
  • loss of strength in the fingers – it is impossible to hold even a light object.

Methods of treatment

The choice of a therapy regimen depends on several factors: on the cause of the development of the disease, on the severity of its course, on the specifics of the patient’s work activity.With timely access to a doctor and qualified treatment, it is possible to avoid surgical intervention. Usually, after clarifying the diagnosis, the patient is assigned complete immobility of the limb. If the treatment of tendinitis of the supraspinatus muscle of the shoulder joint is to be done, then the entire upper limb will have to be immobilized, up to the hand and fingers.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers should be singled out among medications. An ointment has an excellent effect – with tendinitis of the own ligament of the patella, this is the best way to get rid of pain and reduce swelling.Treatment with ointment is carried out at home under the supervision of the attending physician. With timely treatment for medical help and regular use of the ointment in compliance with complete rest of the limb, clinical manifestations disappear after 7 days. The inflammatory process stops and a period of remission begins.

Physiotherapy plays an important role in recovery after the main treatment. In particular, it is possible to regain lost mobility with the help of physiotherapy exercises. True, it is necessary to deal with it according to an individual scheme developed by a rehabilitation therapist.For example, exercises for tendinitis of the knee can be aimed at restoring its mobility, or at working out, stretching the tendons and muscle structures. If gymnastics is carried out correctly, then soon it will be possible to return to sports.

If the inflammatory process progresses, but no treatment is provided, that is, there is a high probability of the addition of an infectious agent – purulent inflammation begins. In this case, doctors are forced to take emergency measures – surgery.The postoperative period is rehabilitation, which also includes a course of physiotherapy exercises, physiotherapy.

Forecasts, prevention

With timely treatment and strict adherence to the doctor’s recommendations, the prognosis for the patient is favorable – the inflammatory process is arrested, and relapses, as a rule, occur extremely rarely.

Preventive measures:

  • wear comfortable shoes;
  • do small physical exercises during the day;
  • avoid excessive pressure on the knee joints;
  • Conduct enhanced training under the supervision of a trainer;
  • Strengthen the immune system and treat infectious diseases in a timely manner.

Which doctor specializes in hip tendonitis, you can find out on our website Dobrobut.com.

Related services:
Orthopedics and Traumatology

Tendinitis Medical Treatment Institute of Thalassotherapy El Palasiet

Tendonitis is inflammation (with irritation and swelling) of the structure that connects the muscle, tendon.Tendinitis is a chronic and recurrent condition. This inflammation causes tendon degeneration, which is why experts call it tendonopathy instead of tendonitis.

The increase in sports as entertainment has grown in recent years and with it the number of these diseases.


The population that suffers the most from this disease is young adults due to repeated overload or overuse of one part of the body.This causes some muscles to work harder than others, weakening the connected part. Therefore, tendonitis is considered a congestive disorder and is often seen in work and sports environments.

In adults, tendonitis occurs due to tissue aging and tendon degeneration can occur in these cases.

Tendonitis can affect any tendon, although the upper limbs are most affected :

  • Tendinitis of the shoulder
  • Tendonitis of the elbow
  • Tendinitis of the hand and hand

From the waist down, usually heel or Achilles heel tendinitis.

Shoulder tendonitis

A high percentage of affected people at the age of 40. The tendon weakens and breakage can occur due to aging of the tissues.

In addition, this type of tendonitis also occurs in people who play baseball, tennis, rock climbing, swimming, or work in jobs that require an arm to be raised overhead, with a bent elbow and no shoulder movement. Pain can also appear on palpation.

In adults, tendonitis of the shoulder may appear due to the appearance of calcium crystals in the tendon in 3% of cases.These patients may have this disease without feeling pain.

Elbow tendonitis

As in the shoulder, tendons can become inflamed and degenerate. This is usually due to localized trauma and excessive activity, which occurs before degeneration due to tissue aging.

The most classic example of this is “tennis elbow” (epicondylitis), although this condition does not affect people involved in sports and is a cause of local injury or repetitive activity that requires the use of the forearm muscles.

Most patients suffer injuries when they exert effort in the garden, when transporting suitcases or briefcases, and when using tools such as screwdrivers. This disease is characterized by pain in the elbow, which is transmitted to the forearm. The pain increases when the muscles in the arm are activated, such as bending the hand to pick up an object or offering resistance.

Another example is “golfer’s elbow”; this condition is similar to that previously described, but affects a different part of the elbow.

This injury is not as common as others previously described, it occurs in climbers and is known as “climber’s elbow”, there is a deep pain on the front of the elbow (inner part of the arm) that is difficult to palpate. And corresponds to the attachment of the brachial muscle.

Tendinitis of the hand and arm

It usually occurs due to hand fatigue, for example, when typing, when picking up objects, when shaking laundry, with prolonged use of a computer mouse, using a micropipette by scientists, etc.d.

Depending on the work performed, one tendon or the other is affected, both on the hand and on the fingers. A very common disease of the thumb tendon; which is expressed by pain in the hand, which is transmitted to the forearm and thumb. The pain increases every day, worsening at night. Hand movement is blocked, pain restricts movement necessary to perform the work that triggered tendonitis, nor any other hand movement, aggravated by loss of strength.

In sports, rock climbing, flexor tendonitis of the fingers of the hand often occurs and can affect one or more fingers. The pain occurs in the palms of the fingers and it can be reflected above the hand. Closing the arm is painful, but opening the arm is even more painful.

Heel tendinitis

Achilles’ heel connects the muscles of the heel. Tendinitis can develop due to overload in young people (athletes, runners, walkers, basketball players).In adults and the elderly, this type of tendonitis occurs due to arthritis. Pain appears when walking and when standing on tiptoe. Immobility of the heel is very important in this type of tendonitis, because the tendon can be damaged by pressure on it.

Treatment recommendations from El Palasiet Thalassotherapy Institute

The goal of treatment is to relieve pain while reducing swelling. This treatment will be carried out through the synergy of physiotherapists and the center’s personal trainer.

Depending on the stage of the disease, we recommend different types of treatment :

1- Acute stage of the disease :

  • Tendon complete rest
  • Cryotherapy (applying ice to the damaged surface)

2- Sub acute stage :

  • Electrotherapy, US ultrasound, OC (short wave), electro-stimulation, laser.
  • Circular massage or lymphatic drainage (to the lower extremities)
  • Thermotherapy (application of sea clay, exercises in the pool (36ºC) of the thermal center).

3- Remission stage : pain disappears

  • Strengthening muscle mass, which is responsible for the appropriate movement
  • Proprioceptive exercises with unstable objects (fitball, training in suspension …)
  • Strengthening the muscles, which are responsible for movements that are repeated 12-20 times with slight resistance.

Bearing in mind the proverb “Better to prevent than to cure” , we recommend doing muscle toning and proprioception exercises to strengthen joints and thus prepare the body for stability and a healthy physical condition that will help us to carry out everyday work without risk injuries.

90,000 What is tendonitis and how is it treated?

What is tendonitis? It is inflammation or irritation of tendons – thick, fibrous cords that attach muscles to bones. These fibrous structures act as pulleys that help muscles move bones and joints. Any tendon can become inflamed, but most often the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels are affected. In this article, we will look at where these inflammations come from, what are their main types, and how to treat them.

Tendons often become inflamed due to sports injuries or repetitive movements in one joint. Inflammation can also be caused by:

  • Poor posture or abnormal walking,
  • Excessive stress on soft tissues due to improper placement of bones or joints (for example, different leg lengths or congenital deformity of the joint),
  • Some forms of arthritis (rheumatoid , osteoarthritis or gout) or related disorders,
  • Metabolic disorders, eg diabetes mellitus,
  • Side effects from certain medications.

Symptoms of tendonitis can be mistakenly confused with symptoms of arthritis, because when the tendons are affected, pain occurs in the area around the joint.

Several factors increase the risk of inflammation:

  1. People who are constantly engaged in physical work, as well as athletes and musicians, too often repeat the same movements. Thus, a constant load is created on their individual joints, ligaments and tendons, which can result in tendonitis.
  2. Another risk group is the elderly. Tendons become less flexible with age.

Using correct exercise technique is especially important for athletes who perform repetitive movements. Improper technique creates additional stress on the tendons, which people who play tennis are familiar with firsthand. They quite often encounter epicondylitis of the elbow joint. This violation develops due to monotonous repetitive strikes on the ball.Despite the perfectly perfected technique, even professional tennis players are not immune from epicondylitis.

In general, athletes of the following types most often experience inflammation:

  • Tennis (tennis elbow),
  • Baseball (server’s shoulder),
  • Golf (golfer’s elbow),
  • Running (in this case, most often affected knees),
  • Swimming (swimmer’s shoulder).

What are the signs of tendonitis?

Symptoms of inflammation appear in the areas where the tendons attach to the bone.Usually they include:

  • Dull pain – especially when moving the affected limb or joint,
  • Sensitivity at the site of inflammation,
  • Slight swelling.

Symptoms of tendinitis may appear suddenly, although they usually “go away” after a few days of rest or treatment.

When to see a doctor?

In most cases, exercise therapy helps, which is recommended as the first line of defense.However, if the symptoms of inflammation persist after a few days and interfere with daily activities, you should see a podiatrist.

What is the danger of untreated tendonitis?

Tendon rupture can occur without timely and appropriate treatment. This is a much more serious condition and often requires surgery.

If the tendon inflammation persists after a few weeks or months, tendinosis may develop.It is a degenerative disorder in which structural changes occur in the affected tendon. Over time, bone forms at the site of the tendon, which leads to a decrease in mobility. A person with tendinosis suffers from severe pain that manifests itself during movement.

How is tendonitis treated?

For many, the inflammation goes away on its own. If symptoms are still present after a few days, the podiatrist will prescribe medications that relieve inflammation and pain. In addition, the doctor prescribes medications and procedures that will help maintain mobility, as well as avoid relapse.

Treatment of tendonitis includes the following procedures and medications:

  • Overlay tires and rest . Most soft tissue injuries are caused by excessive stress on individual muscles. For this reason, for a while, you need to give up movements that involve the damaged tendon. In some cases, the inflamed area is fixed with splints, bandages or bandages.
  • Tendinitis treatment warm and cold. Cold compresses help reduce initial swelling and pain. Such compresses should be applied in the first 48 hours after the first symptoms appear. If pain and swelling persist after 48 hours, cold compresses will not help. In this case, it is recommended to change the cold to warm – for example, take a warm bath.
  • Pain relievers. From pain relievers, the analgesic paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen are prescribed.
  • Corticosteroid injections. These are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that are injected directly into the joint.
  • Platelet-rich plasma injections. This procedure involves drawing the patient’s blood and then centrifuging it to separate platelets and other healing factors. Then the resulting solution is injected into the area of ​​the inflamed tendon. This is a relatively new procedure, and scientists are still researching optimal dosages, concentrations, and administration techniques.However, today this procedure is successfully used to treat chronic tendonitis. By the way, such injections are also performed in our clinic, you can read more about them in this article.


According to experts from the famous Mayo Medical Center (USA), it is physical therapy that should be considered as the first line of defense. For the treatment of tendonitis, specialists develop a specific training program.The purpose of such training is to strengthen and stretch the muscle and its tendon. Particular emphasis should be placed on the eccentric phase of movement, in which the muscle is stretched and lengthened. To develop an individual program of physiotherapy exercises, come to our orthopedist-traumatologist.

How to prevent tendonitis?

If you want to reduce the risk of inflammation, follow these guidelines:

  • Do not overdo it. Try to avoid activities that put too much and / or prolonged stress on the same tendon.If you feel pain during a particular exercise or movement, stop.
  • More variety. If you love an active lifestyle, try to change your activities. For example, today you swim in the pool, tomorrow you run, and the day after tomorrow you ride a bicycle or exercise bike.
  • Work on your movement technique. If you train in the gym with the wrong technique, then you risk facing tendonitis in the future. Be sure to take some introductory workouts with a personal trainer who teaches you how to do the exercises correctly.
  • Stretch. Be sure to take some time to stretch after your workout. This will maintain flexibility in the joints and minimize re-injury to the tendons. The best time to stretch is at the end of your workout, when your muscles are well warmed up.
  • Arrange the workplace for yourself. If possible, adjust the height of the table, chair, and monitor to your height. This will help protect your joints and tendons from additional stress.

Tendonitis is a very unpleasant disorder that reduces range of motion, interferes with exercise, and ultimately impairs quality of life.However, it can be successfully dealt with, and in some cases – without medication and injections. The main thing is to contact an orthopedist-traumatologist in time.


  1. Tendinitis, Arthritis Foundation,
  2. Tendinitis, Mayo Clinic,
  3. Tendinitis, U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint | Health Blog

The shoulder joint works every day: with its help we raise our arms, bend our elbows, it is connected with the back and chest.If minor injuries are missed and left untreated, inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint can begin – a special case of tendonitis.

Types of tendonitis and its causes

Most often, such inflammation of the tendons occurs due to damage to the humeral periosteum. Less commonly – due to injuries to the ligaments between the shoulder and biceps, as well as near the rotator cuff.

Microtrauma of tissues leads to tendinitis. For example, small muscle tears. The diseased tissue surrounds the joint, and the inflammation spreads over an increasing area.It becomes difficult to move, and every movement causes severe pain.

Two main reasons for the onset of tendonitis:

  • excessive physical activity, leading to tears and sprains;
  • Deposition of calcium salts in tendons.

Moreover, the second can occur both with injuries and with vascular diseases and improper metabolism.

There are also more rare causes: infections, joint dysplasia, stress and immune diseases.In these cases, the joints of the bones begin to collapse, which provokes inflammation.

Who is at risk?

Athletes are most susceptible to tendon inflammation. This is not surprising, because their joints have a very heavy load almost without interruption. Also, tendonitis is often found in gardening enthusiasts and representatives of heavy physical professions: loaders, builders and repairmen.

If you often suffer from infectious diseases or problems with the immune or endocrine system, you should be more careful about the health of the musculoskeletal system.We’ll have to give up sports such as tennis or basketball, as well as any hard physical work.

How to determine the presence of inflammation?

The first sign of inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder is pain, both sharp and aching. Especially when lifting arms or rotating movements. Often there is a feeling of weakness, when it is impossible to even pick up an object from the table.

Touching the inflamed area causes a new attack of pain, and the temperature may rise locally.If you notice that part of your shoulder is swollen, and the skin is hot and reddened, it is most likely that inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint has begun there.

If you miss this moment and do not start treatment on time, an increased deposition of calcium salts and dehydration will begin in the sore shoulder. It will become more difficult to move, and when you try to raise your hand, you will hear a crunch and crackle.

Inspection and diagnostics

A surgeon or orthopedist will help you determine the disease. The most important part of the examination is a comparison of active (independent) and passive movements.With tendinitis, you will not be able to actively move your shoulder, and your doctor will not be successful in trying to move your joint. This is what is the main symptom of this disease during visual inspection.

You will be asked about the nature and frequency of pain, as well as possible causes: lifestyle or injury. After that, the time will come for an accurate diagnosis, which includes ultrasound and MRI of the shoulder. MRI is the most accurate and detailed way to diagnose joint diseases.

In case of calcifying inflammation, you will have to find a disease that has disturbed the metabolism.For an accurate examination, arthroscopy can be prescribed – a minimally invasive operation that is used both for treatment and for examination and diagnosis.

Treatment and prevention of joint inflammation

Various methods are used in the treatment. You will be prescribed anti-inflammatory pain relievers in the form of tablets or ointments, as well as physical therapy. With inflammation of the shoulder joint, exercise therapy, ultrasound and magnetic therapy, massage are excellent. All patients are advised to rest and protect the shoulder from overuse.

Surgical interventions are resorted to only if conservative treatment has not yielded results. However, physical therapy and exercise limitation can easily cure tendonitis in the initial stages.

The main way to prevent problems with the shoulder joint is to avoid repetitive heavy loads. If this fails, you can simply warm up and warm up the body to avoid injury. If during the activity you feel pain in your shoulder, you should immediately stop and take a short break.You will get the best results by eating right and doing light daily exercises. Your job is to reduce the chances of sudden joint damage. If he gets used to constant uncomplicated work, it will be difficult to injure him.

See your doctor regularly if you suffer from infectious diseases. And do not forget to treat back diseases that provoke a decrease in mobility and the onset of inflammation in the spine.

Tendinitis – ProMedicine Ufa

Tendonitis – tendon inflammation.Most often, the disease begins with inflammation of the tendon sheath (tendovaginitis, tenosynovitis) or tendon bursa (tendobursitis).

If the inflammatory process spreads to the muscles adjacent to the tendon, then such diseases are called myotendinitis.

Tendon inflammation most commonly affects the knee, heel, thigh, shoulder, elbow, and base of the thumb.


A high level of motor activity and microtraumas rank first among the reasons for the development of tendonitis.Some athletes are at risk: tennis players, golfers, throwers and skiers, as well as people engaged in monotonous physical labor: gardeners, carpenters, painters, etc.

However, in some cases, tendonitis can also occur for other reasons, for example, due to certain rheumatic diseases and diseases of the thyroid gland.

Tendinitis can also result from a number of infections (eg, gonorrhea), develop as a result of drugs or due to abnormalities in the structure of the skeleton (for example, with different lengths of the lower limbs).


Tendinitis is usually characterized by a limited number of local symptoms, for which even a preliminary diagnosis is difficult. However, each of the symptoms has a number of characteristics that indicate inflammation of the tendon, and not other adjacent tissues.

The main symptoms of tendinitis are: pain syndrome, difficulty in movement, nodular formations under the skin, auscultatory noise (crackling is heard when the joint moves), skin redness.


Laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods are used. The patient’s own and family history is also taken into account.

The laboratory research program includes: complete blood count, biochemical blood tests, test for the presence of antibodies.

Instrumental diagnostics includes the following methods: MRI, radiography, ultrasound.

Based on the analyzes, a competent specialist can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment.


It is necessary to exclude physical activity on the area of ​​the tendon lesion, to provide this place for some time at rest (immobilization).