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7 Causes of Swelling in Joints


Swollen joints happen when there’s an increase of fluid in the tissues that surround the joints. Joint swelling is common with different types of arthritis, infections, and injuries. A swollen joint is a symptom of the following health conditions:

Osteoarthritis (OA). OA is the “wear-and-tear” arthritis that usually happens with aging or after injury. With OA, there’s a wearing down of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones. OA may cause joint swelling in those joints that bear weight over a lifetime, such as knees, hips, feet, and spine. Except for the pain in the affected swollen joint, you usually do not feel sick or tired.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA is an inflammatory arthritis that can happen at any age — even in young children. RA causes painful, stiff, and swollen joints. Usually, RA affects hands, feet, and knees, but it can also affect most joints and other parts of the body. RA symptoms can interfere with daily activities.

Gout. Gouty arthritis usually strikes suddenly, with severe joint pain, swelling, warmth, and redness, often in the big toe (about 50% of cases). Gout causes a painful, swollen joint that’s so severe that the weight of bed sheets can cause distress. It usually involves one joint when it strikes, but occasionally gout can affect more than one joint.

With gout, uric acid — a normal chemical in the body — forms crystals that deposit in the joints, causing inflammation and pain. The crystals may also deposit in other areas to become nodules under the skin or stones in the kidney.

Ankylosing spondylitis. The key feature of this is the involvement of the joints at the base of the spine where the spine joins the pelvis, called the sacroiliac joints.

Psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that’s linked with psoriasis, a skin condition. Up to 30% of people with psoriasis will develop psoriatic arthritis.

Infectious arthritis. Infectious arthritis or septic arthritis is the result of a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection in the tissues and fluid of a joint. Joint infection usually occurs after a previous infection in the body. The infection travels to the joint via the bloodstream from another part of the body, such as a person’s skin, nose, throat, ears, or an existing wound. Within hours to days, pain, inflammation, swollen joints, and fever develop. The joints most commonly affected with infectious arthritis are the knee, hip, shoulder, ankle, and wrists. Damaged joints are more vulnerable to infection.

Common bacterial causes of infectious arthritis include Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Staphylococcus aureus. Some joint infections may be caused by more than one organism.

Joint injuries. Joint injuries can result in painful, swollen joints, and stiffness. Sometimes, joint pain can be caused by injured or torn muscles, tendons, and ligaments surrounding the joint, bursitis, tendonitis, dislocations, strains, sprains, and fractures.


What Are the Symptoms of Swollen Joints?

Symptoms of swollen joints include:

  • Deep, aching pain
  • May feel warm to touch
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to move them normally


How Are Swollen Joints Treated?

Not all swollen joints are treated the same way. Treatment for swollen joints depends on the problem or diagnosis.

For instance, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used in treating swollen joints with OA. NSAIDs may also be used to treat swollen joints from an injury. Along with NSAIDs, applications of moist heat or ice can help ease swollen joints and pain.

Steroid medications taken orally for a short period of time may be effective in reducing painful, swollen joints. Steroids block the production of inflammatory chemicals in the body.

Injecting an anti-inflammatory drug such as a steroid into a joint is another treatment method. The injection goes directly into the swollen joint — the source of inflammation and pain. Injections usually give the patient temporary but rapid relief of joint swelling and pain. Fluid removal is part of this procedure in most circumstances.

For inflammatory types of arthritis such as RA, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis, treatment may include NSAIDs, steroid medications, and the newer types of drugs that affect the immune system. These include the disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), biologic agents such as tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, and enzyme inhibitors which can block the proteins that cause. Inflammation.

Acute gout can be treated with a medicine called colchicine. This prescription drug eases swollen joints, pain, and inflammation caused by the crystal deposits in the joint. NSAIDs may also help decrease pain and swelling. Sometimes, stronger painkillers are needed.

Swollen joints and pain from infectious arthritis are treated with antibiotics to stop the infection. Sometimes, surgery may be needed to allow drainage of infected material.

Swollen Finger – Swelling Fingers

A swollen finger can be due to injury or trauma, infection, inflammatory conditions, and other abnormal processes. In some cases, a swollen finger is a symptom of a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting, such as a broken bone or bacterial infection.

Injury-related causes of a swollen finger or fingers

Finger swelling can be caused by the following conditions:

Degenerative, infectious, inflammatory and autoimmune causes of a swollen finger or fingers

A swollen finger can be associated with inflammatory, infectious and autoimmune conditions including:

  • Bursitis (inflammation of a bursa sac that protects and cushions joints)

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome (pressure on the nerve that travels through the wrist)

  • Cellulitis (bacterial skin infection)

  • Ganglion cyst (growth or swelling on top of joint or tendon)

  • Infection, such as Streptococcus aureus bacterial infection

  • Paronychia (infection around the nail)

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (chronic autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation)

  • Septic arthritis (infectious arthritis)

Questions for diagnosing the cause of a swollen finger or fingers

To help diagnose the underlying cause of a swollen finger or fingers, your licensed health care practitioner will ask you several questions related to your symptoms. Questions asked during your examination generally include:

  • How many fingers are swollen?

  • Is the whole finger(s) swollen or just a portion of the finger(s)?

  • When did the finger swelling start?

  • How long has the finger swelling lasted? Does it come and go?

  • Have you had any recent infections or injuries to the affected finger(s)?

  • Do you have pain or any other symptoms?

What are the potential complications of a swollen finger?

Complications associated with a swollen finger can be progressive and vary depending on the underlying cause. Because swelling can be due to a serious infection or other disease, failure to seek treatment can result in complications and permanent damage. It is important to visit your health care provider when you experience any kind of persistent swelling, pain, or other unusual symptoms related to your fingers or hands. Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, you should follow the treatment plan you and your health care provider design specifically for you to lower your risk of potential complications including:

Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms : Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center

by Victoria Ruffing, R.N., C.C.R.P. and Clifton O. Bingham III, M.D.


Rheumatoid arthritis has a worldwide distribution with an estimated prevalence of 1 to 2%. Prevalence increases with age, approaching 5% in women over age 55. The average annual incidence in the United States is about 70 per 100,000 annually. Both incidence and prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis are two to three times greater in women than in men. Although rheumatoid arthritis may present at any age, patients most commonly are first affected in the third to sixth decades.

Clinical History

The typical case of rheumatoid arthritis begins insidiously, with the slow development of signs and symptoms over weeks to months. Often the patient first notices stiffness in one or more joints, usually accompanied by pain on movement and by tenderness in the joint. The number of joints involved is highly variable, but almost always the process is eventually polyarticular, involving five or more joints.  Occasionally, patients experience an explosive polyarticular onset occurring over 24 to 48 hours.  Another pattern is a palindromic presentation, in which patients describe swelling in one or two joints that may last a few days to weeks then completely go away, later to return in the same or other joints, with a pattern increasing over time.

The joints involved most frequently are the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the hands, the wrists, and small joints of the feet including the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints.  The shoulders, elbows, knees, and ankles are also affected in many patients. The distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints are generally spared. With the exception of the cervical spine, the spine is unaffected.

Nonspecific systemic symptoms primarily fatigue, malaise, and depression, may commonly precede other symptoms of the disease by weeks to months and be indicators of ongoing disease activity. Fatigue can be an especially troubling feature of the disease for many patients.  The pattern of symptoms may wax and wane over the course of a day and even from one day to the next.  Sometimes “flares” of RA are experienced as an increase in these systemic symptoms more than discrete joint swelling or tenderness.   Fever occasionally occurs and is almost always low grade (37° to 38°C; 99° to 100°F). A higher fever suggests another illness, and infectious causes must be considered, especially in patients who are taking biological therapies and immunosuppressive medications.

Morning stiffness, persisting more than one hour but often lasting several hours, may be a feature of any inflammatory arthritis but is especially characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis. Its duration is a useful gauge of the inflammatory activity of the disease. Similar stiffness can occur after long periods of sitting or inactivity (gel phenomenon). In contrast, patients with degenerative arthritis complain of stiffness lasting but a few minutes.

Physical Examination

Symmetrical joint swelling is characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis that has been persistent for a period of time.  However when only a few joints are affected at the beginning of disease, symmetry may not be seen and should not preclude the diagnosis of RA.  Careful palpation of the joints can help to distinguish the swelling of joint inflammation from the bony enlargement seen in osteoarthritis, with the swelling often described as being doughy or spongy in RA in contrast to firm knobby enlargement in osteoarthritis. Swelling of the PIP and MCP joints of the hands is a common early finding (Pictured below). Wrists, elbows, knees, ankles and MTP are other joints commonly affected where swelling is easily detected. Pain on passive motion is a sensitive test for joint inflammation as is squeezing across the MCPs and MTPs. Occasionally inflamed joints will feel warm to the touch. Inflammation, structural deformity, or both may limit the range of motion of the joint. Over time, some patients with RA develop deformities in the hands or feet. RA spares the distal joints of the fingers (DIPs) and the spine with the exception of the cervical spine (especially the atlanto-axial joint at C1-C2), which may become involved especially with longer standing disease.

Reprinted from the Clinical Slide Collection on the Rheumatic Diseases, copyright 1991, 1995, 1997. Used by permission of the American College of Rheumatology.

Permanent deformity is an unwanted result of the inflammatory process. Persistent tenosynovitis and synovitis leads to the formation of synovial cysts and to displaced or ruptured tendons. Extensor tendon rupture at the dorsum of the hand is a common and disabling problem.

Reprinted from the Clinical Slide Collection on the Rheumatic Diseases, copyright 1991, 1995, 1997. Used by permission of the American College of Rheumatology.

Advanced changes in RA (shown below) include ulnar deviation of the fingers at the MCP joints, hyperextension or hyperflexion of the MCP and PIP joints, flexion contractures of the elbows, and subluxation of the carpal bones and toes (cocked -up).

Reprinted from the Clinical Slide Collection on the Rheumatic Diseases, copyright 1991, 1995, 1997. Used by permission of the American College of Rheumatology.

Extra-Articular Disease

Although the joints are almost always the principal focus of RA, other organ systems may also be involved. Extra-articular manifestations of RA occur most often in seropositive patients with more severe joint disease. Extra-articular manifestations can develop even in disease when there is little active joint involvement.

Rheumatoid Nodules. The subcutaneous nodule is the most characteristic extra-articular lesion of the disease.   Nodules occur in 20 to 30% of cases, almost exclusively in seropositive patients.  They are located most commonly on the extensor surfaces of the arms and elbows (shown below)but are also prone to develop at pressure points on the feet and knees. Rarely, nodules may arise in visceral organs, such as the lungs, the heart, or the sclera of the eye. (learn more about rheumatoid nodules in case report #6)

Reprinted from the Clinical Slide Collection on the Rheumatic Diseases, copyright 1991, 1995, 1997. Used by permission of the American College of Rheumatology.

Cardiopulmonary Disease.   There are several pulmonary manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis, including pleurisy with or without effusion, intrapulmonary nodules, and diffuse interstitial fibrosis. On pulmonary function testing, there commonly is a restrictive ventilatory defect with reduced lung volumes and a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide.  Although mostly asymptomatic, of greatest concern is distinguishing these             manifestations from infection and tumor. (learn more about pulmonary complications in rheumatoid arthritis in case report #6)

Atherosclerosis is the most common cardiovascular manifestation in rheumatoid arthritis. It is also the leading cause of death in the RA patient. Because chronic inflammation may be the cause of atherosclerosis, it is possible that early aggressive treatment of RA may reduce the incidence or severity of heart disease. Pericarditis also seen with RA.

Eye Disease.  Keratoconjunctivitis of Sjogren’s syndrome is the most common ocular manifestation of   rheumatoid arthritis. Sicca (dry eyes) is a common complaint. Episcleritis occurs occasionally and is manifested by mild pain and intense redness of the affected eye. Scleritis and corneal ulcerations are rare but more serious problems.

Sjogren’s Syndrome. Approximately 10 to 15% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis develop Sjogren’s syndrome, a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of lacrimal and salivary glands. Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune condition that affects exocrine gland function, leading to a reduction in tear production (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), oral dryness (xerostomia) with decreased saliva of poor quality, and reduced vaginal secretions.  It is important for patients to be seen regularly by the ophthalmologist and dentist.  Additional medications are sometimes required to treat this condition.  A polyclonal lymphoproliferative reaction characterized by lymphadenopathy is also seen, and patients have an increased risk of developing lymphoma. Additional information on Sjogren’s syndrome can be found at our Sjogren’s Center website.

Rheumatoid Vasculitis. The most common clinical manifestations of vasculitis are small digital infarcts along the nailbeds. (see picture below) The abrupt onset of an ischemic mononeuropathy (mononeuritis multiplex) or progressive scleritis is typical of rheumatoid vasculitis. The syndrome ordinarily emerges after years of seropositive, persistently active rheumatoid arthritis; however, vasculitis may occur when joints are inactive. Addional information on vasculitis can be found on our Vasculitis Center website.

Reprinted from the Clinical Slide Collection on the Rheumatic Diseases, copyright 1991, 1995, 1997. Used by permission of the American College of Rheumatology.

Neurologic Disease.

The most common neurologic manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis is a mild, primarily sensory peripheral neuropathy, usually more marked in the lower extremities. Entrapment neuropathies (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome) sometimes occur in patients with rheumatoid arthritis because of compression of a peripheral nerve by inflamed edematous tissue. Cervical myelopathy secondary to atlantoaxial subluxation is an uncommon but particularly worrisome complication potentially causing permanent, even fatal neurologic damage.

Felty’s Syndrome

Felty’s syndrome is less commonly encountered than in the past.  This is characterized by splenomegaly, and leukopenia – predominantly granulocytopenia. Recurrent bacterial infections and chronic refractory leg ulcers are the major complications.

Clinical Course

The course of rheumatoid arthritis cannot be predicted in a given patient. Several patterns of activity have been described:

  • a spontaneous remission particularly in the seronegative patient within the first 6 months of symptoms (less than 10%)
  • recurrent explosive attacks followed by periods of quiescence most commonly in the early phases
  • the usual pattern of persistent and progressive disease activity that waxes and wanes in intensity.

Disability is higher among patients with rheumatoid arthritis with 60% being unable to work 10 years after the onset of their disease. Recent studies have demonstrated an increased mortality in rheumatoid patients. Median life expectancy was shortened an average of 7 years for men and 3 years for women compared to control populations. In more than 5000 patients with rheumatoid arthritis from four centers, the mortality rate was two times greater than in the control population. Patients at higher risk for shortened survival are those with systemic extra-articular involvement, low functional capacity, low socioeconomic status, low education, and prednisone use. With the advent of therapies to better control inflammation and treatment strategies geared to low disease activity and remission, it is hoped that the statistics concerning disability and mortality will improve.

Laboratory Tests

No laboratory test will definitively confirm a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. However, the information from the following tests contributes to diagnosis and management.

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)
  • Rheumatoid Factor (RF)
  • Antibodies to citrullinated peptides including anti-CCP
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
  • C-reactive protein (CRP)

The blood count shows a mild anemia in approximately 25 to 35% of patients with RA. The white cell count is usually normal in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, but can be mildly elevated secondary to inflammation, and can also be very low in a subgroup of patients with Felty’s syndrome. Similarly, the platelet count is usually normal but thrombocytosis occurs in response to inflammation.

Chemistry tests are usually normal in rheumatoid arthritis with the exception of a slight decrease in albumin and increase in total protein reflecting the chronic inflammatory process. Renal and liver function are important to check before beginning treatment and are followed over time with many medications.

A positive rheumatoid factor is present in 70-80% of patients with RA. A positive Anti-CCP is a more specific marker for RA and is found in similar proportions of patients over the course of disease.  High levels of Anti-CCP also appear to be linked to a greater severity of the disease.

Measures of inflammation are often, but not always increased in RA. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is usually elevated in patients with RA and in some patients is a helpful adjunct in following the activity of the disease. The C-reactive protein (CRP) is another measure of inflammation that is frequently elevated, and improves with control of disease activity.

Testing for hepatitis B and C and testing for tuberculosis are commonly done as part of an initial evaluation. Baseline X-Rays of the hands, feet, and other affected joints are common at initial evaluation, and sometimes a baseline chest X-Ray is obtained.

Radiographic Findings

Erosions of bone and destruction of cartilage, occur rapidly and may be seen within the first 2 years of the disease, but continue to develop over time (See picture below). These anatomic changes result in limitations in range of motion, flexion contractures, and subluxation (incomplete dislocation) of articulating bones. Typical deformities include ulnar deviation of the fingers at the MCP joints, hyperextension or hyperflexion of the MCP and PIP joints (swan neck and boutonniere deformities), flexion contractures of the elbows, and subluxation of the carpal bones and toes (hammer toes and cock up deformities). Radiological findings early in the disease may show nothing other than soft tissue swelling. Thereafter, periarticular osteopenia may develop. With progression of their disease, narrowing of the joint space is caused by loss of cartilage, and juxta-articular erosions appear, generally at the point of attachment of the synovium. In end-stage disease, large cystic erosions of bone may be seen.

Reprinted from the Clinical Slide Collection on the Rheumatic Diseases, copyright 1991, 1995, 1997. Used by permission of the American College of Rheumatology.

More recently the introduction of ultrasound and MRI imaging has imporved the sensitivity of detecting joint damage earlier in disease.  Ultrasound may detect synovitis, effusions, and erosions, in addition to power Doppler providing estimates of ongoing inflammation.  MRI may show inflammatory synovitis that enhances with Gadolinium and shows early erosions.  The role for these modalities in following patients over time in clinical practice is still not well established, but these methods may improve the ability to detect early disease and confirm a diagnosis.

Next: Pathophysiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis

What Is Causing This Woman’s Swollen, Red, and Tingling Finger?

Jonathan Frommelt, MD, and David Effron, MD—Series Editor

Frommelt J, Effron D. What is causing this woman’s swollen, red, and tingling finger? Consultant. 2018;58(6):e186.


A 60-year-old white woman presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 2-week history of swelling, rash, and a tingling sensation in her left middle finger. The symptoms had begun after she had removed a splinter from the tip of that finger a few days after having worked in her garden. Several days after the splinter’s removal, she had begun to experience constant aching pain the finger, radiating to her hand and forearm, with subsequent mild progressive swelling and a lacy rash. These symptoms did not improve with the use of over-the-counter triple antibiotic ointment or warm soaks, prompting her to come to the ED.

The patient denied having fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or numbness, but she did report having myalgias, arthralgias, swelling, color change, and tingling in the finger. She had a history of irritable bowel syndrome, low back pain, and radiation exposure, as well as a remote history of basal cell carcinoma of the face, which had been surgically excised.

Physical examination findings were notable only for an old, well-healed puncture wound to the ulnar aspect of the volar fat pad of the distal long digit without obvious foreign body; a mottled, erythematous, lacy rash; and mild swelling of the entire digit extending to the metacarpophalangeal joint (Figure 1). The long digit was held in a flexed position, but she did not have any limitation in range of motion (Figure 2). Capillary refill was normal, and there was no notable lymphangitic streaking. Otherwise, she appeared well, with normal vital signs.




What causes swollen knuckles and how to reduce swelling?

We use our hands every day, which is why having swollen knuckles can be severely encumbering and prevent us from doing the things we love. The knuckles are involved in nearly all functions of finger movement.

When the knuckles become swollen, it becomes exceedingly difficult to flex the fingers properly. Swollen knuckles are often accompanied by pain, making the condition even worse, as it can lead to complete or partial loss of functionality of the affected hand.

What are swollen knuckles?

Swollen knuckle pain can present as stabbing, sharp, dull, or throbbing. Symptoms may present at certain times of the day or arise from certain activities. Depending on the cause of your particular case of swollen knuckles, the intensity of pain will range from mild to severe, limiting movement to various degrees.

Swollen knuckles due to traumatic injury are difficult to move, and there is the possibility of damaged tissue or bone presenting with additional symptoms. In this respect, pain may be localized to a single knuckle that received the brunt of the inflicted trauma.

Several inflammatory medical conditions can lead to joint swelling, which can cause pain and restrict movement.

What causes swollen knuckles?

Traumatic injury: The knuckle joints are a very common site of injury in people who regularly engage in fist fights. The knuckle joint can get abnormally twisted, resulting in a sprain in its ligaments or the fracture of the joint, especially when hitting a hard object. The finger bones are also likely to suffer from fractures or become dislocated.

Osteoarthritis: A medical condition in which the soft tissues of cartilage between joints wear out. When this occurs, adjoining bones in these joints rub against each other, leading to damage and pain. Osteoarthritis is commonly found in the elderly. Repetitive activities such as typing at a computer or playing the piano can irritate the knuckle joints, leading the cartilage in between them to wear down.

Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease where symptoms are triggered by an abnormally functioning immune system that attacks healthy cells. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, antibodies target the healthy tissue of joints, including the knuckles. This leads to inflammation, swelling, and pain in the hand. Due to rheumatoid arthritis’ chronic nature, hand deformity may occur.

Gout: A condition caused by abnormal levels of uric acid in the blood stream, either by reduced excretion or an increased production. Having excess uric acid promotes the production of uric acid crystals, which like to deposit into joints like the knuckles. When this occurs, it often leads to inflammation and swollen knuckles.

Fluid retention: Known medically as edema, fluid retention is characterized by increased levels of fluid in the cells and tissues and can be appreciated in the knuckles, making them appear swollen. Excess fluid retention can be a sign of lymphatic system dysfunction, with serious conditions such as liver disease causing the problem. Other potential conditions that affect lymphatic fluid drainage include problems with the kidney and thyroid gland.

Certain medication: Many prescribed medications come with the risk of causing an adverse allergic reaction, which can present as swelling in places all over the body, including the knuckles. Some medication may put stress on other organs in patients suffering from liver or kidney disease, which can lead to fluid retention.

Other possible causes of swollen knuckles include:

  • Soft tissue injury
  • Lymphedema
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Cellulitis
  • Infection
  • Heart failure
  • Renal failure
  • Allergic reaction
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Insect bites
  • Venous thrombosis
  • Bone cyst
  • Dermoid cyst
  • Ganglion
  • Septic arthritis
  • Pseudogout

How to treat swollen knuckles

Depending on the cause of your particular case of swollen knuckles, treatment methods will vary. For more acute cases, as with a traumatic injury, treating the wound and bandaging it up will often be enough. In cases where swollen knuckles are due to an insidious cause such as rheumatoid arthritis, the use of over the counter and prescription grade medication to control pain and swelling is recommended. Gout patients will be given medication to help reduce the level of uric acid in the blood.

Visiting a doctor is not always required, especially in mild cases of swollen knuckles. The following are some tips to help relieve knuckle swelling and pain from the comfort of home:

  • Soak your knuckles in a solution of warm salt water. This will help relieve swelling and stiffness of the knuckles and fingers.
  • Use a cold compress on swollen knuckles to help reduce pain.
  • Use of aloe vera on the affected knuckles can help soothe knuckle pain and swelling.
  • Use of over the counter pain medication can help deal with swollen knuckle pain.
  • Gentle massage to the affected knuckle may provide some relief.Swollen knuckles can be a serious problem requiring medical attention. If you have persistent knuckle pain and/or swelling, it is highly recommended to seek emergency medical care right away. This is especially true when swollen knuckles are accompanied by severe bleeding and tissue damage.

Arthritis? Joint Symptoms You Can’t Ignore (and Ones You Can)

Knees, elbows, fingers, wrists, ankles—your body is full of places where your bones connect to one another. And at these intersections, just like the ones on the road, things can go wrong, from injury to arthritis or other diseases.

How can you know? Watch for these joint symptoms.

Pain at night.

Often, pain associated with an irritated joint is well tolerated when your joints are at work during the day. “But if it wakes you up at night, that tends to be a clue that there’s something more serious going on,” says Johns Hopkins rheumatologist Rebecca Manno, M.D., M.H.S.

Swelling, redness and/or warmth.

Joint swelling, redness in the area, or a section of skin that’s unusually warm to the touch are all signs of inflammation that could be due to arthritis, infection or another cause, Manno says.

Morning stiffness that takes hours to wear off.

“Many people feel a little stiff in the morning as they get older,” Manno says. “If it lasts less than 30 minutes and eases as you get moving, that’s not too worrisome. But if it doesn’t disappear until after lunch or later, that’s a sign there’s something more going on.”

Pain that just doesn’t go away.

As with stiffness, if you feel something “off” that lasts and lasts, it’s worth getting it checked. Discomfort that comes and goes is less concerning.

Joint pain plus coincidental symptoms. 

Fever? Rash? Mouth sores? New symptoms are red flags when they coincide with a bothersome joint—even if they don’t seem connected. Recent travel or insect bites and stings are other seeming coincidences worth mentioning to your doctor.

Pain strong enough to change your everyday habits.

Are you avoiding certain stores to save steps? Skipping activities you enjoy? “People create workarounds. Adapting is OK for a day or so if you turn your ankle. But if you’re still doing it a month later, something’s not right,” Manno says.

Joint pain and swelling – symptoms, causes and treatments

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Joint pain and swelling is one of the symptoms of COVID-19. Even if your symptoms are mild, get tested for COVID-19 immediately — use the COVID-19 Symptom Checker if you’re not sure what to do.

What is joint pain and swelling?

Swollen joints happen when there is fluid in the tissues around the joints. It can be very uncomfortable and can make it difficult to move the affected joints. In some cases, swelling may cause affected joints to increase in size or appear to be an odd shape.

Joint pain and swelling can affect more than one joint at a time. The most common joints to be affected by pain and swelling are elbows, wrists, shoulders, the base of the spine, knuckles, hips, knees or ankles.

There are two types of joint pain and swelling: acute and chronic. Acute joint pain and swelling comes on quickly and lasts a short time, for example, if you have an injury. Chronic joint pain and swelling comes on slowly and cause long-term problems. This is more likely to be caused by an underlying condition such as a type of arthritis.

What symptoms are related to joint pain and swelling?

The symptoms of joint pain and swelling can vary from person to person, and depend on which joints are affected. The pain and swelling is often accompanied by stiffness, aches and a feeling of heat or warmth.

In some cases, it can lead to problems moving around, completing daily activities (such as washing and dressing), and for some people, working.

Joint pain and swelling may be better or worse at different times of the day. For example, you may find that your joint pain and swelling is worst first thing in the morning. Pain and swelling in the joints can also lead to tiredness and fatigue.

CHECK YOUR SYMPTOMS — Use our joint pain and swelling Symptom Checker and find out if you need to seek medical help.

What causes joint pain and swelling?

Acute joint pain usually comes on quickly and lasts a short while. Some frequent causes of acute joint pain include:

  • injury, such as sprains and strains
  • overuse of the joint
  • an infection
  • other illnesses, such as the flu or COVID-19

Chronic joint pain and swelling may be caused by a ‘rheumatic’ condition — a condition that affects your joints, bones and muscles. There are more than 200 different kinds of rheumatic conditions, including arthritis, gout and lupus.

The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

How is joint pain and swelling treated?

Acute joint pain, such as strains and sprains, can usually be helped by the PRICE method:

  • Protect the joint area from further damage or harm.
  • Rest the joint — avoid activities that cause pain.
  • Ice the joint for 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours — make sure the ice is wrapped up so it doesn’t touch your skin.
  • Compress the joint with a bandage which is firm, but not tight.
  • Elevate the joint above the level of the heart to reduce swelling.

Medication such as steroids, paracetamol or ibuprofen may help. Sometimes your doctor may inject steroids into the joint and remove some of the fluid.

If you have long term joint pain and swelling, see your doctor. They will provide a plan of treatment, including exercise and appropriate medicines. The best types of exercises are gentle to your joints — they include swimming, aqua aerobics, tai chi, cycling or walking.

If the problem is caused by an infection, you may need antibiotics or surgery to drain the area.

When should I see a doctor?

It’s a good idea to see your doctor if you have joint pain or swelling that starts for no clear reason and lasts for more than a few days, or if the joint is also red and warm.

You may need x-rays, blood tests and perhaps other scans. In some cases, the doctor may want to look inside the joint with an arthroscope.

Can joint pain and swelling be prevented?

You can help by maintaining a healthy weight, stretching muscles before and after physical exercise and ensuring that your technique during sport is correct.

90,000 Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment | doc.ua

Arthritis, as a term in modern medicine, is a general term used to define many types of inflammatory diseases of the joints. There are two types of arthritis of the joints: primary or secondary (caused by an underlying disease such as rheumatism). With a simultaneous disease of more than one joint, another term is used to define the disease – polyarthritis.

Types of arthritis

In its primary form, arthritis is represented by several types of joint diseases.Most often there are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid and gouty types of the disease, somewhat less often – septic, juvenile, Still’s disease and spondylitis. In the secondary form, the most common forms of arthritis are purpura, systemic lupus erythematosus, hepatitis, hemochromatosis, psoriatic and reactive arthritis, as well as granulomatosis and borreliosis.


The main prerequisite for the secondary form of arthritis is the underlying disease. The cause contributing to the development of the primary form of the disease can be a variety of disorders in the body, for example, problems with the metabolism, nervous or immune systems, as well as infectious disorders and the consequences of trauma.

An autoimmune disease becomes the cause of the development of infectious arthritis. Due to the violation of the immune system, an excess of immune complexes attacks the joints. Traumatic and vibrational arthritis (for example, knee arthritis), as a rule, become a consequence of mechanical damage to the joints, which occurs during trauma or severe stress.

If the joint is already affected by a mild form of inflammatory arthritis, then its injury can provoke a complication or exacerbation of the disease. Occupational arthritis usually develops on the basis of regular microtraumatization associated with the patient’s profession or activity. For example, arthritis of the joints of the hands and fingers is widespread among massage therapists, cosmetologists, seamstresses and hairdressers, and people whose work is associated with constant physical activity often develop arthritis of the spine.

High mechanical stress, trauma and genetic prerequisites not only provoke such local forms as arthritis of the knee joint, but can cause such a common form of the disease as osteoarthritis.

Among the causes contributing to the development of the disease, one can single out the presence of excess weight, congenital joint injuries, chronic inflammation and diseases of the nervous system. At a more detailed level of analysis, it can be emphasized that the majority of patients with arthritis have various disorders associated with bone nutrition and vascular tone. The symmetry with which the lesion of the diseased joint develops in arthritis, speaks of its neurotic nature.

Some types of arthritis of infectious origin are allergic in nature.An example of this type of disease is tuberculous, dysenteric and gonorrheal, as well as nonspecific polyarthritis. Disruptions in the activity of the endocrine system during female menopause, lead to the progress of rheumatoid arthritis.

Gout is usually caused by poor diet, genetic factors and excess weight. The rheumatoid form of the disease develops on the basis of an autoimmune disorder of the immune system, usually stimulated by infection, stress and overwork.


With the development of most types of arthritis, inflammation and swelling of the joint occurs, which visually increases in size and changes the color of the skin to purple-cyanotic. Arthritis is often characterized by significant pain, unnatural crunching and impaired joint mobility, usually with deformity. Sometimes other signs appear, for example, joint mobility is reduced in the morning and with relatively prolonged immobility.

Arthritis, the symptoms of which are “sausage” swelling of the finger over the entire area and redness of the skin, can be rheumatoid, gouty or psoriatic. Another common symptom of the disease is “volatile” joint inflammation, in which a suddenly swollen joint quickly returns to its previous shape, but after it, the symptom is alternately observed on other joints. Rheumatoid arthritis shows little or no symptoms, such as reddening of the skin in the area of ​​swelling, which complicates its treatment.With gout, redness is observed, but accompanied by a sharp pain.

One of the significant symptomatic definitions of arthritis from arthrosis is a decrease (or disappearance) of pain after warming up a joint in arthritis, while in arthrosis, pain from movements will only increase. The combination of a prolonged increase in temperature to 37 degrees and higher with joint swelling may indicate the development of rheumatoid or reactive arthritis, as well as, possibly, ankylosing spondylitis. The same types of the disease are very likely in case of obvious prolonged inflammation of the eyes, regular “chills” or profuse sweating – during inflammation of the joints.

Complicated forms of arthritis

Complicated arthritis is very dangerous, which makes timely detection of symptoms and competent therapy paramount, despite the difficulty of determining the exact type of disease. There are early stages of complicated arthritis and later stages.

Among the early stages of complications, one can distinguish phlegmon, which is suppuration without a pronounced membrane, as well as panarthritis, an acute form of purulent arthritis, which is combined with inflammation of the ligamentous complex of the joint and suppuration of tissues close to the joint.

Complicated arthritis in the late stages are extremely dangerous diseases that can form irreversible processes and are difficult to treat. Among the late complicated forms, the following are common: osteomyelitis, which affects areas of the bone close to the joint, and sepsis, which is blood poisoning. Also, contracture is widespread, leading to a stable limitation of joint mobility, up to the loss of its function and pathological dislocation, in which the joint is disconnected (the head is displaced or falls out of the articular bag).

Arthritis in children

Children are inherently very mobile and often hit. Therefore, almost no one pays attention to the arising joint pain. Moreover, the child does not understand what exactly hurts: a bruised place, or the bone itself. And it is quite common that the baby is simply afraid to go to the doctor, because he hides the pain. This is one of the main problems, since you can miss the moment of development of arthritis in children, and it will no longer be possible to stop it at the initial stage.And this can be very fraught in the future and bring a lot of trouble to your health.

That is, if you see or hear that your child complains of pain in the elbows, knees, hands or fingers, then maybe you should think about the fact that this is children’s arthritis? This is especially true for families that have examples of this disease. Remember, arthritis can be genetically transmitted and can affect people during infancy.

If you are unsure of your findings, it is still worth going to your doctor for basic blood tests and X-rays to determine if you have a disease.Arthritis in children is very secretive and smooth, although the development of the disease is much faster than in adults or the elderly. Therefore, blood tests and X-rays will help decide whether this is really children’s arthritis, or just pain at the everyday level.

It so happens that the moment with unpleasant, painful sensations in the joints is missed. Then you can observe reddening of the skin in those places where the joints are located under the skin. Redness may be accompanied by swelling, and the area may be hotter than the rest of the body.It is possible that at this stage your child may experience chills and a rise in temperature – this is how arthritis manifests itself in children in the second stage.

It is the increase in temperature and swelling of the joints that is considered the main symptom, but then the treatment is already much more difficult and the child suffers from constant pain. It is possible that the mobility of the joints will decrease, due to which your child will not be able to move normally, even feeling pain.

Children’s arthritis is dangerous in itself because it is difficult to recognize and even more difficult to treat.Even if arthritis has been detected in your baby, many medications cannot be combined with his weak child’s body. Therefore, the treatment is carefully selected by the doctor, who takes into account all the characteristics of the child’s body.

Reactive arthritis

Reactive arthritis is a disease of the joints, the source of which is an infectious disease received by airborne, sexual, intestinal or other means. The reason is not the infection itself, but the body’s reaction to a past illness, for example, diphtheria, we can say that this is a complication after improper treatment, which bears sad results.

The symptoms of reactive arthritis are easily recognizable and definable in most cases. However, treatment is often delayed due to the strange appearance of symptoms, for example, not every young person will go to a venereologist due to numbness in a finger or sudden pain in a tendon. The inflammatory process in reactive arthritis is characterized by swelling, fever, pain, redness. In fact, the infection has already managed to penetrate the joint and infect nearby tissues, so you should not endure the illness – you urgently need to go to a specialist, otherwise the disease will spread throughout the musculoskeletal system and immobilize you.

Gouty arthritis

Gouty arthritis or gout is a joint disease associated with the deposition of uric acid salts. Most often, gout is the lot of elderly and older men, due to metabolic disorders and malfunctioning of male sex hormones.

In women, this disease can be observed quite rarely, however, recently the use of fatty and salty foods among the fair half has increased sharply, which led to an inevitable increase in recurrence of gout, in addition, taking drugs for pressure and hormonal drugs, also provoked significant disease activity in women half of the society.

Symptoms of gouty arthritis appear suddenly. You can feel a sharp pain in a toe or in a separate part of the leg, a sharp swelling of the inflamed area and redness to redness or a crimson hue are added to the pain syndromes. It will be extremely difficult to touch a place that suddenly disturbed you – the pain will remind you of itself immediately. However, the pain will soon subside, but you should not think that it will be for a long time – an attack of gouty arthritis may recur the next night or after a few hours.The symptoms of gouty arthritis may be similar to those of some other medical conditions, such as arthrosis. Only extreme inflammation of the sore spot will tell an experienced specialist about the correct diagnosis. There is also pseudogout-pyelonephritis, where the course of the disease occurs in a similar way, and pyelonephritic acid salts are similar to sodium urate. They can only be distinguished under a microscope; they will differ in the structure and refractive index of crystals.

Rheumatic arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease (inflammation) of the joints caused by a malfunctioning of the immune system.As a rule, the process of rheumatoid arthritis begins when an infection enters the human body. This manifestation of rheumatism is one of the most common and can have very serious consequences, including destruction of the joint, if the disease is started.

Quite often you can hear the opinion that a problem such as joint pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis is the complexity of the elderly. But the reality looks a little different: in fact, many young people between the ages of 7 and 15 suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.

Young people are vulnerable to rheumatoid arthritis due to the fact that it develops due to ingestion of streptococcal infection, for which age factors do not matter.

Rheumatic arthritis has a very unusual developmental process: those joints that were inflamed and deformed begin to recover over time, the inflammation goes away, and the deformation disappears. As a result, the patient becomes able to walk normally again.

But, despite the relief in the condition, the damage (inflammation and deformation) spreads to other joints of a person suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.This wave-like symptomatology is characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis.

It is worth noting the important fact that a dynamic change in the state of the joints is a bright sign of rheumatism developing in the body. This, in turn, can lead to damage to the visceral organs, in particular, the heart.

Also with this disease endocarditis and carditis make themselves felt.

During progressive rheumatism, accompanied by dynamically shifting symptoms of arthritis, ESR increases in the blood, leukocytosis appears, the level of immunoglobulins, seromucoid and fibrinogen increases.


Diagnosis of arthritis is carried out by finding out the exact nature of the clinical picture, laboratory (analyzes) and instrumental examination (X-ray, ultrasound, MRI and CT). A relatively young, but effective diagnostic method is arthroscopy, which provides an opportunity for a detailed examination of the joint cavity and analysis of the synovial fluid. However, methods of laboratory or instrumental analysis, which make it possible to accurately determine the type of arthritis, do not exist today.


For the treatment of secondary forms of the disease, first of all, eliminate the root cause or, if possible, neutralize the provoking effect of the underlying disease. If extra-articular phenomena in arthritis are not observed, then drug therapy begins with the appointment of non-steroidal drugs. These drugs include, for example, indomethacin, acetylsalicylic acid, diclofenac and brufen, and the treatment is long and can last for years.

The most affected joints are treated with corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone or triamcinolone.Corticosteroid hormonal drugs are prescribed with extreme caution and only in cases where acute pain is observed that cannot be eliminated by other anti-inflammatory drugs. If febrile phenomena accompanying reactive arthritis are observed, treatment is carried out with the obligatory use of corticosteroid therapy, however, they seek to replace with non-steroidal drugs, at the earliest opportunity.

Arthritis, the treatment of which, with the use of the above means, does not stop the progress of the disease, must be treated with basic drugs, for example, aurothioprol (gold preparation, now rarely used), D-penicillamine, chloroquine, levamisole.Basic drug therapy lasts from six months to several years.

For arthritis in general, patients are shown a complex therapy focused on general strengthening of the body and restoration of immunity (spa treatment). Arthritis treatment is perfectly complemented by physiotherapeutic procedures (remedial gymnastics, massage), in particular, to restore the natural mobility of the articular complex.

How to treat childhood arthritis?

To start treatment, it is imperative to go through all the examinations.This is necessary in order for the doctor to decide on the best way to treat the child’s arthritis. During treatment, there may be relapses, so you need to constantly be under the supervision of doctors.

First of all, when the treatment has already begun, the immune parameters are brought back to normal. This is done to improve the protection of the child’s body from viruses and increase the ability to resist them. When the baby develops a strong antiviral barrier, there is hope that the disease will not return.

At the same time, it is necessary to remove pain. Since childhood arthritis pain is very severe, it is worth relieving this symptom so that the child can feel better. Then it will be easier for the body to fight the disease. Moreover, the pain is accompanied by swelling or swelling of the joints. And so anti-inflammatory drugs are needed. But at the same time, they should not bear a great burden on the heart and kidneys, since at such a young age the body cannot work extremely harmoniously.Therefore, you need to be extremely careful to remove inflammation and anesthetize.

In addition, the treatment includes a direct attack on the problem that caused the disease. It is necessary to eliminate the main causative agent of arthritis in order to completely get rid of the disease.
The whole process is very long and laborious. In order for the treatment to progress faster, doctors often prescribe additional treatments. For example, this is physiotherapy exercises. A set of exercises performed by the child helps to strengthen the joints.Swimming can be of great help in this case. If you have a swimming pool in your city, you just need to check with your doctor or trainer how best to visit it and what exercises are best to use in order to speed up the process of getting rid of childhood arthritis. Since the joints move softer during swimming and the body weight decreases, the load is also reduced. Thus, recovery will take place much faster.

Also, the complex of treatment may include physiotherapy. Warming up, stimulating the necessary areas – all this can improve the general condition of the joints, and you will receive the desired recovery in the shortest possible time.

If the disease has receded, do not relax. Continue to take vitamins, immune medications, and exercise. While the body and the musculoskeletal system in particular is growing, it is necessary to keep it in good shape in order to avoid relapses and protect the child from the manifestation of the disease in the future.

Diet for arthritis of the joints?

The most basic aspect of the diet is protein. You should get almost twice as much of it as healthy people. Protein will protect your body from the harmful side effects of drugs.It will also strengthen bones and cartilaginous tissue – this is necessary to quickly bring the joints back to normal. We can say that the diet for arthritis is based on food with a large capacity of proteins:

  • eggs;
  • milk;
  • 90 120 cottage cheese;

  • oil;
  • meat;
  • fermented milk products.

All this must be consumed in huge portions, literally made into main courses.

Pay attention to the amount of fat you are consuming.It is advisable that the diet contains only vegetable fats in the form of olive and sunflower oil. It’s like a faulty mechanism – it needs lubrication. So your joints just need it. Therefore, when choosing a diet for arthritis of the joints, carefully consider the amount of animal fats. An excess of them can “clog” both your body and blood vessels. In principle, small amounts of butter are allowed, but here you also need to know when to stop.

The main thing with which you will need to fill your diet is fruits, berries and vegetables.They are filled with almost the entire spectrum of known vitamins, so they will keep your body in good shape and help you recover faster. You should distribute your diet for arthritis so that your daily meals are dominated by fresh, plant-based foods.

Treatment of arthritis with folk remedies

Internal methods of treatment

  • You need lemon and celery, about 0.5 kg each. Rotate them in a meat grinder, then add 500 grams of honey.Stir the mixture thoroughly and leave in the refrigerator for 4-5 days. Take one tablespoon of the mixture three times daily 15 minutes before meals. After the prepared mixture is over, you should take a two-week break, and then repeat the course.
  • Boil the potatoes in their skins, then mash them thoroughly in the same water in which they were cooked. Let it settle well. Starch will remain at the bottom, you also need to drain the settled broth, it should be taken three times a day, 1/3 cup.
  • It is recommended to drink a glass of carrot juice every day for a long time.
  • Pour a tablespoon of chopped dry St. John’s wort with a glass of boiling water, leave for half an hour. It should be consumed in a tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
  • A decoction of bay leaves is very effective for joint pain, it should be drunk two to three glasses three times a day.
  • Pour 0.5 liters of water over two tablespoons of dry chopped thistle and boil for 10 minutes, then strain.Take one teaspoon 2-3 times a day.
  • Plain garlic can also relieve joint pain. Peel and finely chop 5 heads of garlic, pour 0.5 vodka and leave in the dark for ten days. Drink a teaspoon of the tincture before each meal. In the event that the tincture turned out to be too strong for you, you can dilute the dose with three tablespoons of boiled water. Be careful with this recipe if you have an ulcer, gastritis, or other stomach problems.
  • Grate three heads of garlic, add the juice squeezed from ten lemons and a teaspoon of chopped horseradish. Infuse the mixture in a warm and dark place for three weeks. In the morning and in the evening, you need to drink a glass of water, to which a teaspoon of the mixture is added, take until the tincture ends.
  • Add a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to a glass of water and drink before meals. In the event that you have stomach problems, the amount of vinegar should be halved.The course lasts for 2-4 weeks.
  • You can also dilute apple cider vinegar with water and add honey – for a glass of water, two teaspoons of honey and two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar. Take two teaspoons three times a day half an hour before meals. The course lasts a month, then – 20 days break and repetition. This procedure should be carried out three times a year.

External methods of treatment

  • Pour 100 grams of propolis with 100 grams of vegetable oil. Heat in a water bath for half an hour, stir constantly, until the propolis is completely dissolved in the oil.Cool the resulting ointment and rub into the sore joint.
  • Thoroughly dry the pits from the cherries and grind into a powder. Mix with water or vegetable oil until mushy and use to rub the joints.
  • Chicken yolk, a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and a teaspoon of turpentine, mix thoroughly and apply to sore joints daily before bed.
  • It is necessary to mix 200 grams of salt and 100 grams of dry mustard. Mix with kerosene until the consistency of thick sour cream and rub in so that the ointment is completely absorbed and the skin remains dry.
  • You will need a radish, turnip and horseradish, only 100 grams each, grind into a gruel, mix thoroughly and rub the joints with this mixture, make a compress from it. The course lasts a week, the mixture must be prepared immediately before use.
  • Applying fresh horseradish leaves to the joint helps well with pain in the joint.
  • Mix 100 grams of vodka and turpentine, add 3 tablespoons of vegetable oil. In this mixture, you need to moisten gauze, squeeze and wrap the affected joint with it, wrap it over with plastic or cling film and a woolen scarf.Leave the compress overnight, the duration of the course is a week.

It is also recommended to systematically take short baths with Epsom salt – you need a cup of salt for a bath, and you need to lie in it for about half an hour. You can boil two kilograms of fresh bran in water for 10 minutes, drain the broth into a bath and add sea salt for greater effect.
Everyone who suffers from constant debilitating joint pain should know how to treat arthritis with folk remedies.

It is important to remember that a positive result can be achieved only if you have patience and fully follow all the recommendations. The key to success is a combination of two most important points: complexity and consistency. If the prescription states that the course of treatment lasts twenty days, it means that it is necessary to take a tincture or make a compress during this time, no more and no less. Do not forget to consult with your doctor, then traditional medicine in combination with herbal medicine will give tangible results.Even with prolonged remission, it is necessary to repeat the treatment in the off-season and in case of colds. Keep in mind that folk remedies, like any medicines, have their own contraindications and side effects that you cannot predict on your own, because it all depends on your individual characteristics. In various reference books on herbal medicine, you can easily find information about the contraindications of a particular plant that is part of the medicinal mixture. Remember also about an allergic reaction, which can also manifest itself on any of the components of folk remedies.Take into account all these nuances, and a positive result will not keep you waiting long!

Treatment of knee joint edema – Synovitis, bursitis

Was your knee swollen? Does the skin in the projection of the edema acquire a bright red color? Is the condition accompanied by pain, burning sensation? This is an acute symptomatology of bursitis or synovitis, which is always manifested by swelling of the knee joint. Self-medication in this case is unacceptable – it is important to urgently consult a specialist and treat the problem.

Specialists of the Freedom of Movement Medical Center will help determine the exact causes of knee swelling. Do not tolerate pain and discomfort, which, in the absence of qualified assistance, will only intensify.

Bursitis – inflammation of the synovial or periarticular bursa, which secretes the so-called synovial fluid. If the work in this area is disrupted, there is a lack of fluid, and therefore the articular surfaces begin to actively rub against each other, the process of cartilage nutrition is disrupted, the pressure on the joint increases during movement, the so-called effusion is formed (accumulation of fluid from the blood vessels during inflammation).In the chronic course of bursitis, the pathology flows into arthrosis of the knee joint.

Synovitis is characterized by inflammation in the synovial membrane of the joint where effusion forms.

Causes of knee swelling

  • increased load on the knees;
  • injuries;
  • damage to the skin, as a result of which an infection was introduced;
  • metabolic disorders associated with diabetes mellitus, excess weight, hormonal changes;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • injuries or injuries not treated in the past.

Make an appointment

Clinical symptoms of knee swelling

Bursitis and synovitis have similar symptoms at the initial stage of development. The main manifestation is swelling of the soft tissues in the patellar region. The knee increases in volume, the skin turns red. On palpation, an oval formation can be palpated. As for the patient’s sensations, he feels pain, especially after maintaining a sitting position for a long time. The temperature may rise, the patient limps in his leg, it becomes difficult to bend and straighten the knee, and there is increased fatigue.Stiffness is noted when walking.

Treatment of knee joint edema

To effectively treat knee swelling, it is important to find the root cause of the pathology. The most informative type of examination is MRI. Also assigned:

  • taking medications to relieve pain and relieve acute symptoms;
  • therapeutic massage;
  • physiotherapy procedures;
  • course of physiotherapy exercises to restore the functions of the knee joint and physical activity.

It is worth starting treatment with an appeal to the experienced specialists of the Freedom of Movement Medical Center. Registration by phone +7 (495) 212-08-81. The first visit to the doctor is one of the most important steps on the road to recovery. Talk to experts in knee health!

90,000 Inflammation of the Knee: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment | Healthy life | Health

But this hobby has a downside. One day Demyan Semyonovich disappears from sight.According to his wife, it became difficult for him to walk due to arthritis – inflammation of the knee joint. This problem is very typical for summer residents, especially the elderly.

How does arthritis behave?

Our conditionally taken pensioner complains of aching joints when the weather changes. This is one of the specific symptoms of arthritis, if found, you need to urgently seek medical help, otherwise the joint may lose mobility.

Like any inflammatory process, arthritis of the knee joint is characterized by pain, redness and swelling.At the same time, the knee becomes hot, bends poorly, and it becomes difficult to walk. When moving in the joint, a crunch may appear / be heard. Sometimes it seems as if the knee is bursting from the inside.

Insomnia and headaches, weakness, fatigue and poor appetite can add troubles. The body temperature may rise. That is why Demyan Semyonovich stopped leaving the house and is constantly in a bad mood.

Why do summer residents hurt joints?

The principle of the knee joint is similar to that of a car.Here, each detail performs its important function: bones are a frame, cartilage protects bones from abrasion, synovial fluid is a lubricant, it facilitates sliding and protects joint elements from wear, ligaments connect the bones of the thigh and lower leg, cartilaginous menisci are shock absorbers and stabilizers. Muscles are attached to the knee joint, by force of which the leg bends and unbends, there are nerve receptors in the knees for communication with the brain, blood vessels provide nutrition, and lymph nodes protect from infection.The system is complex and at the same time fragile – the knees are very easy to injure, they suffer from excessive loads and, like a car, need regular movement – otherwise this mechanism “rusts”: over time, the knees begin to “knock”, “crunch”, hurt and swell.

Conventionally, all the reasons for the development of arthritis can be divided into specific and non-specific. The first include infectious diseases, the second – “improper use” of joints: increased stress, trauma, sedentary lifestyle, overweight.If arthritis is specific, it must be treated in parallel with the underlying disease. Arthritis can also be a companion to psoriasis, which is not an infectious disease.

Summer residents are at particular risk. Prolonged stay in one position, frequent lifting of weights, careless movements in the beds – the joints wear out quickly.

In older people, arthritis occurs against the background of salt deposition in the joints and a slowed metabolism. No wonder they say: movement is life.

Photo: Shutterstock.com

How to get rid of arthritis

In every gardening partnership, August is a hot season. You need to have time to collect ripe fruits and vegetables, prepare the ground and plant root crops – onions, carrots, beets, radishes. And for everything on the summer calendars, their own time is allocated. Rest is the main requirement of specialists in case of exacerbation of arthritis. However, arthritis, unlike arthrosis, can be treated with medication. The main thing is not to start the problem and seek professional help in time.

Modern medicine allows you to do without a mountain of pills that can negatively affect liver function. Airtal ® cream will help to reduce pain, swelling and inflammation of the knee joint – the only aceclofenac in a convenient form of cream with proven clinical efficacy. Aertal ® cream has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effects. At the same time, the colorless cream is odorless and does not have a warming or cooling effect – it is comfortable to use.Aertal ® should be applied with light massaging movements to the affected area three times a day. The applied dose depends on the size of the affected area: 1.5-2 g of Aertal ® cream (approximately corresponds to a 5-7 cm long strip of cream).

Diseases of the joints are actively “getting younger”. This is largely due to a sedentary lifestyle. More and more often young IT workers, accountants, managers and other office workers come to see a rheumatologist. They spend a lot of time at the computer without changing their body position, which causes joints to suffer.

Proper nutrition, an active lifestyle, adequate physical activity and comfortable footwear – keeping your joints healthy is not so difficult. If the trouble does happen, Aertal ® cream will come to the rescue – a modern preparation in the form of a cream for the treatment of pain, inflammation and swelling in the joints.


90,000 Treatment of swollen ankles

Treatment of swollen ankles

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horse gel for joints reviews of doctors Damage to the ankle can seriously disrupt the usual rhythm of human life. What to do if the ankle joint swells and hurts, how to treat a developing disease is determined only by a doctor. Various specialists are involved in the treatment of the ankle joint.An exacerbation is accompanied by severe edema (the joint swells), redness and an increase in the local temperature of the soft tissues. How to treat ankle joint for swelling and pain. The ankle joint plays a large role in the mobility of the whole body. This segment of the musculoskeletal system connects the foot to the lower leg, making them one whole. Ankle swelling occurs for various reasons, the treatment is selected by a specialist. At home, a swollen ankle can be treated with folk remedies. How to treat an ankle joint if it is swollen and sore.The ankle joint provides an important support function. Treatment for ankle swelling depends on the cause of the ankle. Therefore, the first thing that the doctor will prescribe is. If the ankle swells and the cause is inflammatory disease, antibiotics may be needed. For heart problems that provoke swelling. Causes of ankle swelling. Treatment of ankle swelling. Inflammation of the soft tissues around the joint Ankle swelling is a frequent reason for patients to seek medical attention.It is impossible to determine why the ankle joint swells and hurts and how to treat it on its own, since the causes and treatment of pathology are interrelated, when a swelling develops, the patient needs to visit a doctor who will conduct a comprehensive diagnosis and tell you what to do. Home ›Treatment of joints› Treatment of swollen ankles. Ankle injury can seriously disrupt the normal rhythm of a person’s life. What to do if the ankle joint swells and hurts, how to treat a developing disease is determined only by a doctor.The ankle is a complex, movable connection of the tibia, fibula and talus. It is located at the bend of the lower limb, connecting the lower leg and foot. inexpensive gel for joints inflammation of the joints of the face synergel buy in Solikamsk

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Today, joint diseases are diagnosed not only in the elderly, they also affect young boys and girls.This is due to hereditary predisposition, poor ecology and decreased physical activity. Contusions, fractures, dislocations are also factors that provoke deformation of the articular tissue. Positive reviews about Synergel only confirm its effectiveness. The composition contains the poisons of snakes and insects, which are effective for pain in the back and joints. Poisons feed the bones well with the necessary substances. Thus, it is possible to cure osteoporosis, which is the cause of joint destruction. People over 35 years old are susceptible to diseases.The building material for cartilage is chitosan, which is exactly what is found in animal poisons. Its action is effective for arthrosis, protrusions, hernias. There are cases when the tissues were restored completely. It is a mistake to believe that joint diseases only lead to pain, crunching, to which a person gets used to it over time. Even at an early stage, illness can leave a person disabled. The resulting arthritis or arthrosis can quickly develop into a cancerous tumor. Most often it is bone marrow cancer or blood cancer.And, as you know, cancer is difficult to treat, and sometimes impossible. Joints are movable joints of skeletal bones, separated by a joint space. Each articulation has a connective tissue joint capsule tightly attached to the edges of the bones. This education is also called. Arthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joints is a common pathology that. Inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint quickly leads to its deformation due to the peculiarities of the location of the joint, and therefore requires. The metatarsophalangeal joint is located at the base of each toe.He can be subject to pathologies such as arthrosis and arthritis. Among the joints of the foot, it is the metatarsophalangeal joint (MJ) that is most often subjected to deformation. Arthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joints of the foot is a pathology associated with severe discomfort for the patient, loss of motor activity. Since inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint is largely due to the peculiarities of the load on this foot, not a single person is immune from this disease. For the prevention of arthritis it is necessary: ​​not to be allowed.2 Causes and treatment of arthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joints. Inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint quickly leads to its deformation due to the peculiarities of the location of the joint, therefore, it requires timely. Inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint – with a full description of the therapeutic measures. Surgical correction of the metatarsophalangeal joints is recommended for humans. Inflammation of the synovial membrane and ligamentous apparatus also occurs with arthrosis, but this time secondarily.

Treatment of swollen ankles

During the course application, it is possible to slow down the aging processes of the joints, to stop their destruction.Regular use relieves muscle spasms, prevents the risk of complications after injuries. Bumps on the joints of the fingers (or growths) are not independent. Growths on the fingers and toes are found mainly in old age. Heberden’s nodules. Seals and bumps in the interphalangeal joints of the fingers. They can be located both on the distal phalanges (close to the nail), as well. Lumps grow not only on the joints of the fingers, quite often they form on the wrist joint, which significantly complicates the course.There are several reasons that can provoke the appearance of seals Bumps on the fingers treatment with folk remedies Why bumps appear on the joints of the fingers and how to treat them? Heberden’s nodules. Seals and bumps in the interphalangeal joints of the fingers. They can be located both on the distal phalanges (close to the nail) and closer to the hand. Risk of occurrence. Sore joints do not shorten life expectancy, but they can significantly impair its quality. In arthritis, the lump looks like a bone on the thumb or little finger.If a painful lump appears on the joint of the finger, this may indicate the presence of joint diseases – arthritis. The reason for its appearance is the non-confluence of the lymphatic vessels, which leads to their expansion and the formation of seals. The clinical picture is not always straightforward: in some. The movements of our arms, legs and all other parts of the body occur in the joints – the joints of the bones. Weakness of the joint capsule can be caused by trauma or previous inflammation, or it can be a sign of congenital connective tissue weakness.Moreover, the weakness of the connective tissue. Bumps on the fingers are the reasons. Lumps on the phalanges of the fingers are clinical manifestations of ailments. Bumps on the fingers are the reasons. Lumps and growths on the fingers. Deformation of the joint is noted. During periods of exacerbation of the disease, the patient complains of soreness, redness and swelling of the skin. Bumps on the hands bring not only physical discomfort, but also visual discomfort, since they do not look the best and are in plain sight. Finger growths are small lumps that appear for a number of reasons.It is possible to identify them on their own, without medical advice, however. A lump on the joints of the hands is a dense growth that causes pain when the fingers are bent. Most often it presents as a synovial cyst (seals with a clear liquid) or salt deposition. The topic is described: Seals on the joints of the hands with detailed comments from professionals. We offer you to get acquainted with the article on the topic: seals on the joints of the hands with detailed comments and methodology of treatment and prevention.Content. 1 Lumps on the joints of the fingers. Arthritis is a pathological process accompanied by joint inflammation. Finger bones are also common. A lump on the finger under the skin can be seen without x-ray. The epidermis in the affected area has a pink or bright red hue, strikingly different from. Osteoarthritis of the hands most often affects the joints closest to the nails, and the joint at the base of the thumb. Initially, seals form on the thumb and middle toe. Then they increase, painful sensations appear.If you do not start treatment, there will be joint stiffness and deformation (see Signs of seals on the joint of the finger. The first manifestations of the disease are individual for each patient. The patient is worried about small bumps on the joints of the thumb and index fingers, painful when pressed. Treatment of swollen ankles inflammation of the joints of the face Reviews, instructions for use, composition and properties Pain in the joints of the leg can be observed with general intoxication of viral or bacterial etiology.For your information, chills are a sign that the temperature has not yet reached its maximum and will continue to rise. What to do with a chill, it is logically clear – to give the patient a warm drink. If your body aches, muscles and joints hurt, but the temperature does not rise, then this is the initial symptom of a cold or viral disease. That is, aches are a type of pain that appears in muscle tissue, joints and bones. Symptoms – what diseases are they talking about. The main distinguishing feature. Chills with inflammation of the joints.In this chapter, I will tell you about specific warning symptoms. 1. You feel an increase in joint pain at night, between three and five in the morning – an increase in pain at this time. We offer material on the topic: joint aches, chills without fever with a professional assessment. Therapeutic treatment of breaking pain in muscles, joints and bone tissue is based on taking medications. Additionally, procedures are prescribed to help speed up. And that’s why physiologists define aches as a feeling of dull pain in bones, joints, or muscles.Chills and body aches are signs of intoxication, which can occur with infectious, inflammatory and colds (for example, influenza, acute respiratory infections, bronchitis, tonsillitis. Chills is a reaction of the body, accompanied by a feeling of coldness. throat, then. At rest usually there is no pain. Sometimes there is swelling and redness of the joint. Specific blood tests that can prove. Today we will open the topic: Chills of pain in the joints.Our experts have collected and processed useful information on the topic and present it in an easy-to-read form. The subject is described: Chills pain in muscles and joints with detailed comments from professionals. 1 Causes of pain in joints and muscles, symptoms and treatment of diseases that caused pain. Diseases in which headache and chills occur. Pain relievers for joint pain. The causes of joint and muscle pain are varied. First, it can be diseases of the musculoskeletal system.Very conditionally, all diseases can be divided into diseases. Detailed information on the topic: Joints ache, chills – with a detailed description from practicing specialists. That is, aches are a type of pain that appears in muscle tissue, joints and bones.

90,000 Arthritis in dogs. Signs of arthritis in a dog.

Arthritis in dogs – the scourge of the 21st century?

For all peoples of the world, dogs are considered a symbol of joy and indomitable energy. These active animals give a person a sea of ​​positive emotions and charge them with their cheerfulness.Unfortunately, our pets (like humans) are susceptible to a wide variety of diseases. One of the most common and serious conditions is arthritis in dogs.

This disease not only causes discomfort and limits the mobility of the animal, but also has a rather disappointing prognosis. According to statistics, most cases of arthritis are incurable and become chronic. In veterinary practice, arthritis is the most common source of chronic pain among our four-legged friends.It affects every fourth dog under the age of 5 years and every third animal after 7 years.

Arthritis in dogs: causes of the disease

Arthritis is a disease of the supporting apparatus due to pathological changes in the joints. The provoking factors for the development of pathology include:

  • The old age of the pet. In the vast majority of cases, signs of arthritis in dogs appear at 5-7 years of age or later. With age, joints become less mobile and lose their original elasticity.

  • An unbalanced diet often leads to obesity and weight gain. Accordingly, the load on the joints increases, which is the reason for their premature wear.

  • Postponed diseases. Joint injuries, infectious and viral diseases of the musculoskeletal system often precede the onset of arthritis in dogs.

  • Hypothermia of the animal.The wrong selection of clothes for a pet in the cold season, the location of the sleeping bag in a place of drafts, swimming in cold water in summer can provoke the development of this pathology.

By knowing the most common causes of arthritis, dog owners can keep their beloved dog out of harm’s way.

Watch out for the signs of arthritis in your dog!

One of the first common symptoms of the disease is the decreased activity of the animal. The pet is reluctant to go for long walks, lies a lot, becomes lethargic.A common symptom of arthritis in dogs is joint swelling and tenderness when pressing on it. The animal tries not to use the sick paw when walking – it carefully steps on it or bends it altogether (hanging limb syndrome). If before your dog jumped up at lightning speed when the owner appeared, but now it gets up carefully … There is a high probability that the reason lies in an inflamed joint.

The affected paw has difficulty bending and unbending. Arthritis in dogs (photos and videos of sick animals can be found on the Internet) manifests itself in a characteristic “tense gait” and lameness.If the joints of the forelimbs are affected, the dog may refuse to go down stairs or down a steep hill. With pain in the hind legs, it is difficult for a pet to go upstairs, climb onto a high sofa, chair. As arthritis progresses in dogs, symptoms intensify or new ailments are added.

In the acute form of the disease, the pathology develops rapidly (within a few hours or days). The symptoms are pronounced, the contrast with the state of the animal “yesterday” and “today” is very noticeable.Chronic arthritis is characterized by a gradual increase in symptoms, the overall picture of the disease remains hidden for a long time. Often this misleads the owners, who attribute this condition to the age of the pet or a change in its habits.


Not all dog breeds are equally prone to arthritis. Animals of large breeds are at risk: Alabai, Mastiff, Bulldog, Setter, Retriever, Shar Pei, St. Bernard, etc.p.

Owners of large breed dogs are advised to be extra vigilant and take extra care of their pet’s health. At the first suspicious signs, you should visit your veterinarian. Timely prescribed corrective therapy will protect against the progression of pathology and significantly improve the further prognosis.

Forms of the disease: 6 main hazards

Depending on the cause of the pathology, several forms of arthritis in dogs are distinguished, the treatment of which is very different.Some of the above forms can be safely attributed to less common, others account for up to 40% of the total number of cases of this disease.

  • Traumatic. It occurs as a result of limb fractures, sprains, dislocations, bruises and other types of mechanical damage. The provoking factor is an increase in the load on a healthy joint, which is fraught with disruption of metabolic processes in the cartilaginous tissue. Degenerative changes lead to a decrease in the functionality of the joint and provoke arthritis.
  • Purulent. An infectious complication of traumatic arthritis in dogs, the symptoms of which are largely non-specific. The disease can also develop with inflammation of the periarticular tissues. Possible complications include the formation of fistulas, the risk of general blood poisoning, or the risk of limb amputation.
  • Functional. It occurs as a result of increased physical exertion on a healthy joint. Irrational, excessive training of a pet leads to pathological changes in the articular cartilage and subsequent tissue degeneration.
  • Metabolic. The cause of the disease is the wrong metabolism in the body. In the metabolic (dystrophic) form of arthritis in dogs, there are several subtypes, depending on the synthesis of which substance is impaired. The consequence of the disease is the deposition of salt crystals or softening of the bones and their deformation.
  • Genetic. Quite a rare type of disease, which is based on genetic disorders. Among the most common pathologies are low cartilage stability, joint dysplasia, etc.The prognosis for this type of disease is rather disappointing.
  • Rheumatoid. Refers to a rare group of autoimmune diseases. The cause of the disease is the ingress of pathogenic bacteria into the animal’s body. A feature of this type of bacteria is their similarity with bone and cartilage cells. As a result of the immune attack, not only the bacteria themselves are destroyed, but also the cartilage tissue suffers.

How is arthritis treated in dogs?

The diagnosis is made on the basis of a comprehensive study of the condition of the dog.After a thorough visual examination and examination of the joints (their size, mobility, absence of tissue swelling), the veterinarian will write a referral for an X-ray. Experts strongly advise against trying to heal your four-legged friend on your own. First, there are several forms of arthritis in dogs, the treatment of which can be very, very different. Secondly, a self-taught amateur may mistake other animal diseases for arthritis and try to fight a non-existent disease.

Treatment of arthritis in dogs should be a comprehensive approach and take into account a number of important factors.This is the age of the animal, and the form of the disease, and the severity of its course, and the presence of complications, and the presence of other pathologies in the body and … even the character of your beloved pet! One of the first steps should be to eliminate the provoking factor (nutritional correction, ridding the dog of excessive physical exertion, treatment of an infectious disease, etc.). Before treating arthritis in a dog, the veterinarian has a detailed discussion with its owner. The specialist is trying to find out the features of keeping and walking the animal, to learn about its diet and habits.Often, it is in a conversation with the owner that the cause of his pet’s illness becomes clear.

With purulent arthritis, potent antibiotics are indispensable. In some cases, surgical treatment of arthritis in dogs is required to remove accumulations of pus and ensure the outflow of exudate. Surgical intervention is also indicated for bone curvature, dysplasia and fracture, ligament rupture.

To relieve pain, inflammation and edema, animals are prescribed various anti-inflammatory drugs (steroidal and non-steroidal).Among the most common drugs are Rimadil, Ketoprofen, Metakam, Carprofen, Doxycycline. The medicine is given with food, so the dog does not taste unpleasant. It is possible to relieve swelling at the site of the affected joint with the use of diuretics or various local compresses, ointments.


Hormonal preparations should be prescribed with extreme caution. Along with high efficiency, these drugs have a number of side effects.That is why a highly professional veterinarian should decide on the expediency and duration of the use of a hormonal agent.

Chondroprotectors – drugs with hyaluronic acid, chondroitin, glucosamine will help to restore damaged cartilage tissue and slow down the rate of arthritis development. Modern manufacturers offer a wide selection of these drugs, the most famous of which are Stride, Canina GAG-Forte, Stop Arthritis, MSM.

In the treatment of arthritis in dogs, special warming ointments for horses have proven themselves well. A contraindication for their use is purulent and acute arthritis in dogs. Traditional treatments go well with many of the advice of traditional medicine. You can offer your pet a decoction of turmeric, yucca root, nettle, hawthorn, licorice. These herbs help relieve swelling and inflammation, but they are categorically not combined with non-steroidal medications. The list of “healing” gifts of nature – sunflower seeds and beans, oranges, celery, alfalfa, oregano.

Tips for keeping a pet

The diagnosis “arthritis” makes certain adjustments to the habitual lifestyle of the animal. A mandatory requirement is to protect the dog from drafts and hypothermia. An ideal sleeping place is a warm thick mattress or a special orthopedic bedding for animals (even heated models can be found on sale).

In winter and in the off-season, you should take care of a warm overalls for your favorite dog. Better to give preference to measured, short walks.

Swimming is considered an excellent prophylactic and therapeutic agent for arthritis in dogs. Any body of water with warm water and the absence of strong gusts of wind is suitable for this.

Offer your pet fish liver boiled or stewed with vegetables. Boiled cartilage or bone meal, fatty varieties of sea fish will be an excellent addition to the usual diet. But potatoes, peppers and tomatoes will have to be abandoned. Excess weight is one of the main “allies” of arthritis, with which a loving animal owner must fight! Refuse unplanned animal feeding, harmful treats and fatty foods.Give preference to protein foods and vegetables.

If your dog is 5 years of age or older, a preventive vet visit is required every year. Compliance with simple rules will not burden a caring owner, but they will help protect your faithful friend from a dangerous disease.

The leg swells in the ankle area – Question to the orthopedist-traumatologist

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I’m 31, I live with rheumatoid arthritis – Knife

My name is Zhenya, I am 31 years old, 6 of them have been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. Now many people know what cancer or AIDS is, but they don’t talk about RA very often.

It all started in 2012.

The first stiffness in my hands in the morning led to panic: I could not squeeze my toothbrush. The doctors at the emergency room said it was because of working at the computer.The first symptoms are indeed similar to other, less complex diseases.

It became worse a year later, when, for no reason at all, I began to feel terrible pains not only in my hands, but also in my legs, in the morning it was impossible to step on my foot, literally. The first 20-40 minutes after waking up seemed like some kind of nightmare, by that time the pains in my hands had dissipated to such an extent that I could not put on clothes on my own until the pain reliever worked. The pain is similar to the one when I hurt myself very badly – and this first ringing pain does not go away.

Edith Piaf had rheumatoid arthritis and took morphine to relieve pain. From time to time I thought it was entirely justified.

Visits to doctors and tests led me to a rheumatologist. A doctor of retirement age then said that she did not see my RA and I should have dressed warmer. Then I still did not understand the scale of the disaster that would come after I left the office with peace of mind.

Looking ahead, I will say that two years later, when I had to return to this doctor due to bureaucratic issues in medicine, she admitted that she had made the wrong diagnosis.Going to paid clinics, taking medications that do not affect the disease in any way, allergic reactions from pills and acute reactions of internal organs – this is not the whole list of what has been experienced. “It happens that way,” she said.

Another Moscow rheumatoid center (I then lived in the capital and could choose a center). At the doctor’s appointment, I cried – I ran out of strength to endure the pain.

During this time, I studied the symptoms, the results of my tests and already knew that I had rheumatoid arthritis, and three rheumatologists were still unable to diagnose and prescribe the correct treatment.

So when I went to [my current doctor] TA, she said that she was prescribing hormones and would introduce the medicine into my treatment gradually, and I was still crying.

Hormones are the result of a prolonged start of treatment, or rather, its absence, a prolonged inflammatory process will not just subside, and the main medicine is only in injections – once a week, strictly on schedule. Pain relievers and ointments, lotions from strange solutions are additional helpers.

The pains began to subside, side effects from complex drugs came: nausea, dizziness and others …

I take a drug that people diagnosed with cancer take.Only our volumes are different.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition in which the synovial membrane becomes inflamed, causing joints to lose mobility and swell. Gradually, the inflammation destroys the ends of the bone and the cartilage covering the articular surfaces. The structure and function of the ligaments that give the joint strength are impaired, and it begins to deform.

Most often, the disease affects several joints and usually begins on one of the small ones – the hand or foot.As a rule, the disease develops symmetrically. The eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels may be involved in the inflammation. The disease usually develops slowly, but clinically manifests itself sharply.

Rheumatoid arthritis – an autoimmune disease; the synovial membrane, and in some cases, other parts of the body are damaged by their own antibodies.

Rheumatoid arthritis is not typical of young age, and indeed little studied.

It is still not clear why the immune system begins to behave this way – to destroy its own body.The most common version is stress.

The only thing that is known for sure is that today rheumatoid arthritis cannot be cured, it is for life.

I was afraid of this disease. I saw what it does to joints and how people fall into despair. It is understandable, the changes are so ugly, and you are so helpless …

Once I felt that I needed support and went to a forum for people with RA. Since then, I have not visited such forums anymore. Probably, the Russian person’s focus is shifted more to suffering and how bad he is.I was looking, rather, for support, recipes for how people cope, confidence that we can do everything.

Once I went to a psychotherapist, told him how worried and nervous I was, because I know that this disease is with me for life, and my life is crumbling before my eyes. He prescribed me medicine. I accepted it and felt a breakdown, I didn’t want to do anything. In order not to harm myself more and not to fall into apathy, I did not drink it anymore and did not go to this doctor again. I began to look for moral support in myself.

Almost none of my friends know that I have a serious illness. One close person found out, I told, but then I regretted a little. He became very worried about me. When I saw him looking at me like a victim, I decided I didn’t want everyone to worry. Didn’t want to seem weak.

You are young, you have many plans, and suddenly you can no longer live fully, the doctors say that you cannot engage in active activities and your work does not suit you – too much physical activity.Therefore, I was silent about my peculiarity.

A few months before I developed rheumatoid arthritis, I changed my line of business and started working as a barista. I wanted to develop in the coffee industry, I had a plan for several years. And then you come to work and realize that you cannot squeeze your hand to make coffee, you simply do not have the strength to do what you love.

Now I wake up at 6 in the morning, take a metipred pill and continue to sleep. This is how my every morning begins since 2014.Once a week I give an injection of the main medicine. There are no such terrible pains as before, medications help. But I’m still afraid to just hit my finger or elbow – the joints react. Despite the fact that it became easier for me, I can not run, shock loads are prohibited, I can not go in for active sports in principle. So I won’t be able to run a marathon or cycle a long route.

But I’ve passed the acceptance stage.

Illness restricts my life, but I did not become a hostage to my body.I still go to the gym, do strength exercises, and do yoga at the same time.

I didn’t stop loving walks, I learned to be calmer. After all, at first it seemed that everyone around is cheerful and strong and only you are such a weakling. But then you learn to be smoother and more flying, you learn how you can balance yourself.

Feeling this harmony and finding strength to fight every day, I realized that I was not ready to leave my favorite business – the coffee industry. Now I have opened my own coffee shop in St. Petersburg – “The Goldfinch”.And I’m not going to stop there. This year I plan to launch several more projects.

I have come to the point where I can deal with my fears related to the disease. I understand that if I had such a problem, then other people with RA may also have it. And it is important for me to show that we are not alone, that we can find support.

We have a group of activists from “Thank you” in St. Petersburg, they set up containers throughout the city where you can drop off your belongings.I turned to them for help so that we could make a project for people with rheumatoid arthritis, and they agreed. We are developing a concept now. I know for sure that I want to open a place where everyone can come and discuss their problems related to the disease and receive help.

But while there is no center, I can only give some advice :

– If you have rheumatoid arthritis or have a suspicion of it, immediately go to the doctor, look for a good specialist – you will have a long journey with him.

At some moments I stopped therapy without the doctor’s approval: it seemed to me that I had recovered, – don’t do this, RA is an insidious disease, then it can get worse.

– We must remember: no matter how painful it is, the day will come when there will be no pain, the main thing is not to give up and choose a treatment!

– You still need to do exercises. In the morning you feel so stiff, as if your body is compressed into a ball. But time passes – it is imperative to do exercises, very slow, to feel all the bones and muscles.It helps.

Well, dress warmer, of course! It is said to protect against many diseases.