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Testicles doctor near me: Chicago IL Urologist Doctors – Testicular Pain Causes, Symptoms, Relief & Treatment


Chicago IL Urologist Doctors – Testicular Pain Causes, Symptoms, Relief & Treatment

Type of Physician: Urologist

What is a Urologist? A certification by the Board of Urology; practitioners are competent to manage medical and surgical disorders of the adrenal gland and of the genitourinary system. Urologists have comprehensive knowledge of, and skills in, various surgical techniques for innate and acquired conditions of the reproductive and urinary systems and their related structures.

Specialty: Urology

Common Name:

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Testicular Pain Specialists – Apex, Cary, Clayton, Clinton, Dunn, Raleigh & Wake Forest, NC: Associated Urologists of North Carolina: Urology

What is Testicular Pain?

Testicular pain is a feeling of discomfort in one or both of your testicles. Pain may also occur in your lower abdomen. The discomfort might be mild or severe. It can go away on its own after a few days, or it may linger for a long time. If testicular pain is severe or long-lasting, schedule an appointment with Associated Urologists of North Carolina for an evaluation. 

What Causes Testicular Pain?

Certain injuries or diseases can contribute to testicular pain. Common causes include:

  • Inflammation
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Twisting of the testicles
  • A testicular cyst
  • Fluid in the scrotum
  • Hernia
  • Kidney stones
  • Enlarged veins in the scrotum
  • Diabetic nerve damage

Testicular pain may also be associated with mumps or a recent vasectomy. While testicular cancer is usually painless, if you feel a lump in your scrotum or testicles, it’s wise to have a medical evaluation as soon as possible. 

How is Testicular Pain Diagnosed?

To diagnose the cause of pain associated with testicular problems, your Associated Urologists of North Carolina provider reviews your medical history, asks questions about your symptoms, and performs an exam. 

They might use blood tests, urine tests, or imaging tests, like an ultrasound or CT scan, to make a final diagnosis and establish a treatment plan that best suits your personalized needs. 

What is the Treatment for Testicular Pain?

Your individualized treatment for testicular pain depends on what’s causing the pain. Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medications, antibiotics, or other prescription medicines.

In some instances, surgery might be necessary to restore testicular function or prevent serious complications. In the case of testicular torsion, an urgent medical condition that requires immediate surgery to save a testicle, your doctor completes a procedure to untwist the spermatic cord and restore blood flow. 

Surgery may also be necessary if you have testicular cancer or another testicular problem that doesn’t subside with other treatments. The team at Associated Urologists of North Carolina uses the most innovative, advanced surgical equipment and procedures, and tiny incisions to minimize recovery time and scarring.

Don’t let testicular pain go undiagnosed, as early detection and treatment is the key to maintaining optimal reproductive function. Schedule an appointment with Associated Urologists of North Carolina today.

Penis Pain Treatment, Pain In Testicles Doctor In Delhi – View Doctors, Book Appointment Online

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Penis Pain?

The intense or sharp pain persisting in the middle of the shaft of a penis is Penis Pain. This can be either chronic or mild and may last longer. The pain in the penis is not usually due to sexually transmitted diseases because those bring symptoms such as burning, itching, foul odor, or discharge. The pain in the penis doesn’t always indicate medical attention and depending on the underlying causes it can be treated with either home remedies or medications.

What are the causes of Penis Pain?

The few causes of Penis Pain are as follows:

  1. Peyronie’s disease
  2. Urinary tract infection
  3. Balanitis
  4. Trauma or injury
  5. Penile cancer
  6. Priapism
  7. Blood clot
  8. Sexually transmitted disease
  9. Prostatitis
  10. Urethritis
  11. Phimosis
  12. Paraphimosis
  13. Penile fracture

What are the other symptoms of Penis Pain?

Apart from the pain in the penis, an individual may also experience the following symptoms:

  1. Swelling mainly on the tip of the foreskin
  2. Redness and irritation
  3. Itching
  4. Burning or stinging sensation while urinating
  5. Abnormal discharge 
  6. Discolored or cloudy urine
  7. Presence of semen or blood in the urine
  8. Pain during or after sex
  9. Presence of blisters or lesions or sores on the shaft

However, the occurrence of symptoms can vary from one person to another. So, before self-diagnosing the medical condition, one should consult the doctor and get diagnosed.

How can Penis Pain diagnosed?

A Urologist and or a Sexologist can diagnose Penis Pain based on an individual’s family history and physical examinations. If the symptoms suddenly appear with no relevant family history, then the test done to diagnose Penis Pain will be dependant on the specific symptoms other than penis pain.

What are the different treatment approaches for Penis Pain?

Some types of penis pain can be treated by home remedies whereas some may need medical treatment. Following  are the different approaches:

  1. Home remedies
  2. Medical treatment (depending on the condition):
  • Antibiotics to treat STDs
  • Surgery either to remove the scar tissues or to sew up the penile tear
  • Penile prosthetics to straighten up the penis

What are the home remedies for Penis Pain?

Few of the home remedies to treat Penis Pain are:

  1. For pain and inflammation, one can take NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs) like ibuprofen.
  2. One can wrap a clean towel with an ice pack and apply on the shaft for pain and inflammation.
  3. Over the counter steroids, shea butter, and or vitamin E ointment or cream can be applied.
  4. Wear loose and cotton clothes to reduce chaffing hence reduce the bacterial growth in moist areas.
  5. To reduce the chances of injury, one shouldn’t have sex until the pain is gone completely.

[NOTE: Please consult your physician before using any medications and should have a discussion with the doctor regarding the health condition]

When to see a doctor for Penis Pain?

If an individual is suffering from any of the following symptoms along with the persistent pain in the shaft, then the individual should consult or visit the doctor.

  1. Pain during erection or ejaculation
  2. Swollen penis or testicles
  3. Tender veins lumps on the penis or scrotum
  4. Discoloration of semen
  5. Abnormal discharge from the penis
  6. Blood in urine or semen
  7. Rashes, bumps, or cuts on the penis and surrounding areas
  8. Burning while urination
  9. Bend or curve in erection
  10. Persistent chronic pain
  11. Decreased libido
  12. Fatigue
  13. Fever

Undescended Testicle (Orchiopexy) Repair Surgery

At UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, we believe parents and guardians can contribute to the success of this surgery and invite you to participate. Please read the following information to learn about the surgery and how you can help.

Fast Facts About Undescended Testicle Repair Surgery

  • This surgery is done to move a young boy’s testicles from his abdomen, or tummy, into the scrotum (SKROT-um), the sac of skin that holds the testicles on the outside of the body.
  • Orchiopexy is an outpatient surgery that will be done at the Same Day Surgery Center at Children’s Hospital in Lawrenceville or at Children’s North.
  • Your child’s surgery will be done under general anesthesia (an-es-THEEZ-ya), which means that he will be asleep during the surgery.
  • When general anesthesia is needed, there are special rules for eating and drinking that must be followed in the hours before surgery.
  • During the surgery, your child will be given a numbing medication—either an injection in the low back called a caudal (COD-ull) or directly into the incision (in-SIZH-yun), or cut—to relieve discomfort after the surgery.
  • This surgery takes about 45 minutes, but recovery from the anesthesia might take several hours.

What Is An Undescended Testicle Repair?

In the mother’s womb, a baby boy’s testicles develop inside his abdomen. Shortly before birth, they move down into the scrotum. In about 4 percent of infant boys, this movement does not occur. For half of these babies, movement does occur before age 1. If the testicles do not move down into the scrotum by age 1, the pediatrician and parents must discuss whether or not to use surgery, called an orchiopexy (OR-kee-o-PEK-see), to bring the testicles down into the scrotum.

Undescended testicles may not cause pain, but they may cause swelling or a lump in the groin area (the place where the lower abdomen meets the inner thigh). If not corrected surgically, the undescended testicles may cause infertility and other medical problems later in life, including the development of tumors or hernias. The area is also more vulnerable to injury if not corrected.

The surgery to move the undescended testicle into the scrotum is done under general anesthesia. General anesthesia makes your child’s whole body go to sleep and is needed for the surgery so that his reflexes will be completely relaxed. General anesthesia makes the surgery easier and safer to do because your child will not feel any pain or have any memory of it.

Caudal anesthesia is given with general anesthesia to block pain in the low back, tummy and lower trunk area and provides up to 4 hours of pain relief in that area after the surgery. Caudal anesthesia is usually more successful in younger children. The surgeon may give your child a local anesthetic injection if a caudal injection is unsuccessful or unnecessary.

The Surgery

Once your child has been registered, he will be taken to a “holding area” where you will meet the anesthesiologist and your surgeon. A peditric anesthesiologist—a doctor who specializes in anesthesia for children—will give the medications that will make your child sleep during the surgery. At this time, you will be able to ask any questions about the surgery.

Once questions are answered and the operating room is prepared, your child will be taken into the operating room and given an anesthetic to make him go to sleep.

When your child is asleep, the surgery will begin.

  • During the procedure, the surgeon will make a small incision (cut) in the groin and locate the testicle.
  • He or she will examine the testicle to make sure it is healthy. 
  • Commonly, there is a hernia sac (a pouch containing tissue that is “pushed out” from the abdomen) in this area that has to be repaired first.
  • Next, he or she will make a second incision in the scrotum to make a “pocket” under the scrotal skin and place the testicle into the scrotum.
  • Once the procedure is complete, the surgeon will close both incisions with dissolvable sutures (SOO-chers) or stitches that will dissolve on their own.

Home Preparation

When general anesthesia is needed, there are important rules for eating and drinking that must be followed in the hours before the surgery. One business day before your child’s surgery, you will receive a phone call from a nurse between the hours of 1 and 9 p.m. (Nurses do not make these calls on weekends or holidays.) Please have paper and a pen ready to write down these important instructions.

The nurse will give you specific eating and drinking instructions for your child based on your child’s age. Following are the usual instructions given for eating and drinking. No matter what age your child is, you should follow the specific instructions given to you on the phone by the nurse. 

For children older than 12 months:

  • After midnight the night before the surgery, do not give any solid food or non-clear liquids. That includes milk, formula, juices with pulp, coffee and chewing gum or candy.

For infants under 12 months:

  • Up to 6 hours before the scheduled arrival time, formula-fed babies may be given formula. 
  • Up to 4 hours before the scheduled arrival time, breastfed babies may nurse.

For all children:

  • Up to 2 hours before the scheduled arrival time, give only clear liquids. Clear liquids include water, Pedialyte®, Kool-Aid® and juices you can see through, such as apple or white grape juice. Milk is not a clear liquid.
  • In the 2 hours before the scheduled arrival time, give nothing to eat or drink.

Going to Sleep

Once your child has been registered for the surgery, a member of the anesthesia staff will meet with you to take your child’s vital signs, weight and medical history. As the parent or legal guardian, you will be asked to sign a consent form before the anesthesia is given.

  • The anesthesiologist will meet with you and your child to review your child’s medical information and decide which kind of sleep medication your child should get.  
  • If your child is very scared or upset, the doctor may give a special medication to help him or her relax. This medication is flavored and takes effect in 10 to 15 minutes. 
  • If you wish, you may go with your child to the room where the surgery will be done and stay as the sleep medication is given. 
  • Younger children will get their sleep medication through a “space mask” that will carry air mixed with medication. Your child may choose a favorite scent to flavor the air flowing through the mask. There are no shots or needles used while your child is still awake. 
  • Older children may choose between getting their medication through the mask or directly into a vein through an intravenous (IV) line. 
  • When your child has fallen asleep, you will be taken to the waiting room. If it has not already been done, an IV will be started so that medication can be given to keep your child sleeping throughout the surgery. 
  • After the IV has been placed, your child will be turned onto his side. Your child’s lower back near the spine (the sacral caudal area) will be cleaned and a needle placed under the skin to inject the caudal anesthetic.

While Asleep

While your child is asleep, his heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and blood oxygen level will be checked continuously. Your child might have a breathing tube placed while he is asleep. If a breathing tube is used, your child might have a sore throat after the surgery.

  • To keep your child asleep during the surgery, he might be given anesthetic medication by mask, through the IV tube or both. When the surgery is over, the medications will be stopped and your child will begin to wake up.

Waking Up

After surgery, your child will be moved to the recovery room. You will be called so that you can be there as he wakes up.

  • Children coming out of anesthesia react in different ways. Your child might cry, be fussy or confused, feel sick to his or her stomach, or vomit. These reactions are normal and will go away as the anesthesia wears off. 
  • While your child is in recovery, your surgeon will talk to you about the surgery. That is a good time to ask questions about pain medications, diet and activity.
  • When your child is awake enough, he might be given a Popsicle® or “slushy” to drink in the recovery room. Once the anesthesiologist sees that your child can hold down the drink and his pain is controlled, you may go home. That usually takes about 1 hour.

A Parent’s/Guardian’s Role During the Surgery

The most important role of a parent or guardian is to help your child stay calm and relaxed before the surgery. The best way to help your child stay calm is for you to stay calm.

  • You are encouraged to talk to your child or hold his hand before the surgery, while sleep medication is given and while in recovery. 
  • You may bring along a “comfort” item—such as a favorite stuffed animal or “blankie”—for your child to hold before and after the surgery.

At Home After the Surgery

After your child is discharged and goes home, he might still be groggy and should take it easy for the day.

Once your child is home, his diet should be restricted to clear liquids, such as water, Gatorade®, Popsicles® or Kool-aid® for a couple of hours to ensure his stomach is settled after the surgery and the car ride home. If your child does well with these liquids, after a couple hours, he may try a light diet of soft foods like applesauce, soup, toast, bananas, rice or hot cereal. He should avoid greasy foods that stay in the stomach for a long time, such as pizza and fast food. Your child may resume a normal diet the next day.

Pain Medication

Your child should take Tylenol® or Motrin® 4 hours after the surgery, which will help with discomfort when the anesthesia wears off. Pain medication is rarely needed after 2 days. If your child is over 5 years of age, your surgeon will give you a prescription for Tylenol® with codeine elixir, in the event that your child needs additional pain medication. You do not need to fill this prescription until you see how your child is doing.

  • You will be told how to care for your child’s dressing. Your surgeon may recommend an antibiotic ointment, like Neosporin®, to apply over the suture area 2 to 3 times a day.


  • The incision should not be soaked for about 5 days.
  • If your child is in diapers, he will need “wash cloth” baths for 4 to 5 days.
  • If your child is toilet trained, he will need wash cloth baths for 4 to 5 days, but may take a quick shower after 2 days. If the cotton dressing gets wet, you may remove it and replace it with a band-aid.


After the operation, activity needs to be somewhat restricted.

  • The surgeon will determine when your child may resume normal activities.
  • Your child may return to school as soon as the next day if he feels well, and certainly within 2 or 3 days of the surgery.
  • No bike riding for 1 week.
  • Participation in contact sports and gym class is not permitted until the follow-up appointment with the surgeon (usually 4 to 6 weeks).
  • Swimming is permitted 1 week after surgery (but no “cannon balls” or belly flops).

When To Call the Surgeon

If you notice a fever higher than 101.4˚F, bleeding or foul smelling drainage from the area around the incision, call the doctor who did the surgery right away. Also call the doctor if your child has:

  • Increased tenderness near the incision.
  • Increased swelling or redness near the incision.
  • Increased pain that is unexplained.
  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation that is not improving.

Your child will have a follow-up visit with the surgeon about 4 to 6 weeks after the surgery.


If you have any specific questions about your child’s surgery, you should discuss them with the surgeon before the surgery. You may call the Division of Pediatric Surgery at Children’s and ask to speak with your child’s surgeon, or speak with him or her during the pre-surgical examination on the day of the surgery.

Special Needs

If your child has any special needs or health issues you feel the doctor needs to know about, please call the Division of Pediatric Surgery at Children’s before the surgery and ask to speak with a nurse. It is important to notify us in advance about any special needs your child might have.

Seeing your GP | Testicular cancer

You should see your doctor if you notice a change that isn’t normal for you or if you have any of the possible signs and symptoms of cancer.

Even if you’re worried about what the symptom might be, don’t delay seeing them. Your worry is unlikely to go away if you don’t make an appointment. The symptom might not be due to cancer. But if it is, the earlier it’s picked up the higher the chance of successful treatment. You won’t be wasting your doctor’s time.

Try not to be embarrassed. What you tell your GP is confidential. Doctors are used to discussing intimate problems and will try to put you at ease.

Getting the most out of your GP appointment

When you see the doctor, it can be difficult to remember everything you want to say. These tips will help you get the most out of your appointment.


  • Write down your symptoms including when they started, when they happen and how often you have them.
  • Write down anything that makes them worse or better.
  • Tell your GP if you are worried about cancer.
  • Tell them if you have any family history of cancer.
  • Take a friend or relative along for support – they could also ask questions and take notes to help you remember what the GP says.
  • Ask the GP to explain anything you don’t understand.
  • Ask the GP to write things down for you if you think it might help.

What happens during your GP appointment

Your GP will ask questions about your symptoms and general health. They will also examine your testicles and feel the lymph nodes at the top of your legs. You might also have blood tests.

Tests your GP might do

Depending on your symptoms your GP might do a general examination. They will feel for any areas that might be swollen or might not feel normal. And if you have any pain they will feel those areas. 

They also listen to your chest to find out if it sounds normal. For example they can listen for signs of fluid collecting.

After your examination, your doctor might need to refer you to hospital for tests, such as an ultrasound. Or they might refer you directly to a specialist.

Ask your GP to explain if they don’t think you need a referral or any tests. They might ask you to come back in a week or two if your symptoms continue. Go back if they change or get worse.

Questions you might want to ask your GP

  • Do I need to see a specialist? Is it urgent?
  • When will I see them?
  • Where will I see them?
  • Will I find out about my appointments by post or telephone?
  • Do I need tests? What will they involve?
  • How long should I expect to wait?
  • Where can I find out more about tests?
  • Do I have to do anything in preparation for this test?
  • When will I get the results and who will tell me?

Your GP might not be able to answer all of your questions. They will tell you what they can at this point. Not knowing is difficult to cope with and can make you anxious.

Speaking to a friend or relative about how you feel might help.

If they don’t think you need any tests or a referral

  • Can you explain why I don’t need to have tests or see a specialist?
  • Is there anything I can do to help myself?
  • Do I need to see you again?
  • Who do I contact if my symptoms continue or get worse, especially during the night or at weekends?

What happens next?

Make sure you know what happens next. Make another appointment if your symptoms don’t clear up, or if they change or get worse.

How to find a GP

If you don’t have a GP, you can find a doctor’s surgery in your local area by going to:

Making a GP appointment

To make an appointment to see your GP you can:

  • telephone your GP practice
  • book an appointment online through your GP practice website (if they have one)
  • use the NHS App

Try different times of the day if it’s difficult to get through by phone. It could be particularly busy at the beginning of the day. You don’t have to tell the receptionist what you want to see the doctor for, although sometimes it might help to explain your situation.

You might be able to go in person to book an appointment at some GP practices. But at the moment most practices do not provide this service. It may help to see if your GP practice has a website, this will explain the best way to get an appointment.

The receptionist at your GP’s practice will usually offer you a telephone or video appointment first. Your GP will ask you to make another appointment if they need to see you again. You may be asked to attend in person, especially if they need to examine you. The receptionist will give you a date and time for this.

Accept a booked appointment, even if you think it’s a long time to wait. You could ask about cancellations if you are able to get to the practice at short notice. Do check that they have the right contact details for you, including your telephone number and email.  

Urologic Cancer: Prostate, Bladder, Kidney and Testicular Treatment


Cleveland Clinic medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, urologists, and other cancer specialists explore medical and surgical options to ensure the best possible outcome for each patient. Our doctors include fellowship-trained and internationally-recognized leaders in bladder, kidney, prostate, and testis cancer who are supported by an integrated team of experienced nurse practitioners and physician assistants.

The Urologic Cancer Program includes specialists from the Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Taussig Cancer Institute, Pathology and Imaging. This collaborative approach allows us to be the national center for urologic cancers and focuses our entire team’s expertise and energy on providing the best outcomes for our patients.

While there are many bladder, kidney, prostate and testis cancer treatment options, the experience of the cancer program is also important. Many treatment methods were pioneered at Cleveland Clinic, giving us one of the world’s most experienced teams in treating urologic cancer using surgical and non-surgical methods.

Surgeons from Cleveland Clinic’s Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute perform robotic and open procedures to treat urologic cancers, often in a multi-disciplinary team approach which may include medical oncology and/or radiation oncology, pathology, radiology, and anesthesia.

With a rich history of technical innovations, our specialists have transformed the management of these cancers using advanced surgical techniques such as open partial nephrectomy for highly complex tumors, laparoscopic/robotic partial nephrectomy, radical nephrectomy and venous thrombectomy for advanced kidney cancer, open/robotic radical prostatectomy and robotic radical cystectomy with robotic urinary diversion. We have also been at the forefront of pioneering less-invasive treatment alternatives, where appropriate, for urologic cancers such as active surveillance, cryotherapy, focal therapy for localized prostate cancer, and percutaneous ablative procedures for small renal masses.

The Center has unique expertise in managing rare urologic cancers, such as cancers of the penis, urethra, adrenal gland, and genitourinary sarcomas, and salvage procedures for recurrent cancers of the bladder and prostate that have failed initial therapy with radiation or other treatments.

Testicular cancer – Diagnosis – NHS

Tests for testicular cancer

If you have a non-painful swelling or lump, or a change in the shape or texture of 1 of your testicles, and a GP thinks it may be cancerous, you’ll be referred for further testing within 2 weeks.

Some of the tests you may have are described below.

Scrotal ultrasound

A scrotal ultrasound scan is a painless procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of the inside of your testicle.

It’s 1 of the main ways of finding out whether or not a lump is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).

During a scrotal ultrasound, your specialist will be able to determine the position and size of the abnormality in your testicle.

It’ll also give a clear indication of whether the lump is in the testicle or separate within the scrotum, and whether it’s solid or filled with fluid.

A fluid-filled lump or collection around the testis is usually harmless. A more solid lump may be a sign the swelling is cancerous.

Blood tests

To help confirm a diagnosis, you may need a series of blood tests to detect certain hormones in your blood, known as markers.

Testicular cancer often produces these markers, so it may indicate you have the condition if they’re in your blood.

Markers in your blood that’ll be tested for include:

  • alpha feto-protein (AFP)
  • human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)

A third blood test is also often carried out as it may indicate how active a cancer is.

It’s called lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), but it’s not a specific marker for testicular cancer.

Not all people with testicular cancer produce markers. There may still be a chance you have testicular cancer even if your blood test results come back normal.


The only way to definitively confirm testicular cancer is to examine part of the lump under a microscope. These tests and reports are called histology.

Unlike many cancers where a small piece of the cancer can be removed (a biopsy), in most cases the only way to examine a testicular lump is by removing the affected testicle completely.

This is because the combination of the ultrasound and blood marker tests is usually sufficient to make a firm diagnosis.

Also, a biopsy may injure the testicle and spread cancer into the scrotum, which is not usually affected.

Your specialist will only recommend removing your testicle if they’re relatively certain the lump is cancerous.

Losing a testicle will not affect your sex life or ability to have children.

The removal of a testicle is called an orchidectomy. It’s the main type of treatment for testicular cancer, so if you have testicular cancer, it’s likely you’ll need to have an orchidectomy.

Other tests

In almost all cases, you’ll need further tests to check whether testicular cancer has spread.

When cancer of the testicle spreads, it most commonly affects the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen or the lungs.

You may need to have a chest X-ray to check for signs of a tumour.

You’ll also need a scan of your entire body. This is usually a CT scan to check for signs of the cancer spreading.

In some cases, a different type of scan known as an MRI scan may be used.

Stages of testicular cancer

After all tests have been completed, it’s usually possible to determine the stage of your cancer.

There are 2 ways that testicular cancer can be staged.

The first is based on a 3-stage system. The stages are based on how far the cancer has spread, as well as the levels of chemicals associated with cancer (markers) that are in your bloods.

Stage 1 testicular cancer is when the cancer is contained within your testicle.

Stage 2 testicular cancer is when the cancer has spread into nearby lymph nodes (small glands that fight infection) in your pelvis or tummy.

Stage 3 cancer is split into 3 sub-stages.

Stage 3A testicular cancer is when the cancer has spread into distant lymph nodes, such as the nodes near your collarbone or to your lungs. Your marker levels are normal or only slightly raised.

Stage 3B testicular cancer can take 2 forms:

  • the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes and you have higher marker levels, or
  • the cancer has spread to distant lymph nodes or your lungs and you have higher marker levels

With stage 3C testicular cancer, the cancer spread is the same as stage 3B, but you have very high marker levels or the cancer has now spread into another 1 of your body organs, such as the liver or the brain.

The second system is known as the TNM staging system, which is not used widely in the UK:

  • T indicates the size of the tumour
  • N indicates whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
  • M indicates whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body (metastasis)

Cancer Research UK has more information about testicular cancer stages.

Multidisciplinary medical center in Nizhny Novgorod

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I liked how the examination and treatment is organized at the Svet Clinic, starting with the appointment.They do the analyzes right there, you don’t have to go anywhere. Surprisingly sparing prices, I expected to pay more. Good equipment, attentive staff. And most importantly, the treatment helps me))

I made an appointment with the Svet Medical Center because they have a specialized department for the treatment of diabetes and its complications. Here, all issues are resolved very quickly, including the delivery of tests and examinations. There are already clear improvements in the mother’s condition.

The clinic Svet helped to solve long-standing heart problems. Of course, they did not cure at all, but they significantly alleviated the condition and now they maintain it at the level already achieved. I hope that it will be possible to avoid surgery thanks to the correct diagnosis and the right treatment. Immense gratitude to the doctors!

I couldn’t get pregnant for 5 years.I went to many doctors, hospitals, followed the prescribed treatment plans, but all this did not work! The next time I signed up for the Svet clinic. Thank you very much Irina Vladimirovna for the support and the correctly prescribed treatment, now I am the mother of two beautiful girls!

I have diabetes. Despite the treatment, it only got worse and complications appeared. There was a risk of leg amputation. Thanks to the doctors at the Svet clinic, this was avoided. Of course, the treatment was difficult: a sea of ​​different procedures, injections, droppers. But now the risk of being left in a wheelchair is minimized.

Office work, so back and head pain are already constant problems. At some point, there was no longer the strength to endure. I went to the clinic Svet to Elena Nikolaevna Sarayeva. Very polite and competent. Passed tests, went to an ultrasound scan. I was prescribed a course of treatment, as well as acupuncture. I feel better now.

I was at the Svet clinic at a surgeon’s appointment. Handled arthrosis of the knee joint. Every step caused wild pain … I was prescribed a course of shock wave therapy.

The treatment was successful. I move without pain, gradually starting to go in for sports.

I was tormented by a constant headache and still sharply fettered everything from the left side of the neck and to the scapula. I turned to a neurologist in the World. A number of examinations were ordered. Not cheap, of course, but got into the action. Discovered vascular problems and lordosis. She began treatment, and she felt a little better.

completed a course of LPG massage in the center of light. The girlfriends were afraid that it might hurt and the bruises would remain. But I am very happy with the procedure. Yes, there is a slight soreness, but it is quite tolerable. It seems to me that this is an indicator that the specialist is working accurately! By the way, I said goodbye to 4 cm at the waist)

I have chronic pancreatitis, when exacerbations occur, even climb the wall! I decided to consult with a specialist from the Svet Center (I haven’t applied here before).Of course, I had to be examined again. But they revealed details that no one had told me about before. Now I have a new course of treatment.

Appealed to the Light with otitis media. My ear puffed out when I figured it out on the balcony. Accepted on the same day after the call – lucky, someone refused to record. So, of course, they have the record later. The doctor prescribed drops and made recommendations. I am on treatment, no longer shoots, but the course cannot be abandoned

From this year on, I started going to a gastroenterologist at the Svet medical center.Before that, in the municipal clinic, a girl tried to stubbornly “treat” me with pacreatin in shock doses for problems with the pancreas))) Now they picked up something more adequate. At least my gut feels better

A good medical center with competent specialists. I like that Svet offers reasonable prices for services. For example, I did an ultrasound of the abdominal cavity with them according to the action, gave only 900 rubles, while the doctor told me in the process of examination what was there and how.

In the center, Svet was treated by a trichologist. Hair began to crumble towards the end of pregnancy, without exaggeration, lost half, probably. I decided without self-medication, immediately to the doctor. After the examination, procedures were prescribed, 10 sessions. Yes, it’s not cheap, but I stopped picking up clumps of hair from the comb, and it’s incredible relief. There is a fluff at the roots, that is, new hair is growing, and I really hope to get my mane back))

Several times I visited a therapist and then a neurologist at the Svet medical center, looking for the cause of a lump in my throat.In the end, everything went away, as it reduced the level of stress and normalized sleep, well, the drugs played their role. The doctors really tried to understand the problem and help, and not just said to check the thyroid gland (with which everything is in order)

I learned about the Svet medical center from a colleague. I went to the gynecologist for an examination, since I had endometriosis before, now I need to be observed. The doctor is attentive, polite. I also went through an ultrasound scan.Everything was fast, without queues and the prices for services were pleasantly surprised

I consulted a surgeon at this medical center. Worried about the growing wen on the back. The doctor examined me carefully, asked how long had education been, whether there was any discomfort, and sent me for tests. After that, I recommended a surgical removal, which I did in the same center. Recommend.

Probably, I will not surprise anyone with the diagnosis of prostatitis.With age, it is a disease of many men. I am being observed with my problem by a urologist at the Svet medical center. I have already undergone a course of treatment, made a second ultrasound scan and passed tests. The results are pleasing, the doctor sees an improvement, which means that the treatment was beneficial. Thanks.

Visited a gynecologist at the Svet Medical Center for fibroids. It so happened that I got on the action. I liked the doctor, answered all the questions that I had and which could not be answered in the state.polyclinic. Now I have passed the tests, I am waiting for the results and treatment

In my younger years (by the way, I’m 22), high blood pressure is often worried. I didn’t want to stuff myself with drugs right away, so I turned to the World for advice. He underwent examinations (no pathologies were identified), the cardiologist recommended adjusting the daily regimen and reducing physical activity for a while. I am slowly getting back to normal.

Recently, daytime sleepiness has appeared, although I sleep well at night.I realized that this was not the norm, I turned to my favorite medical center “Light”. The doctor ordered an examination and immediately hit the spot. The problem has been found, its solution has been detailed to me, the state is changing before our eyes.

I work as a driver, and my legs are very swollen. I have already been observed with this problem and have been treated, but it did not get better. I decided to listen to the doctors from the Svet center, it turned out that I was treated not what I needed and the problem was different. Things are much better now.I will continue my treatment.

Which doctor treats dropsy of the testicle in boys

Urologists of Moscow – latest reviews

Professional doctor. The reception went well, I liked everything. Alik Akhmadullaevich performed an ultrasound scan, made a diagnosis, explained everything in an accessible way and prescribed the necessary treatment.I was satisfied. I would recommend this specialist to my friends, if necessary.


November 18, 2021

I liked everything.Albert Arturovich is very competent, competent, good-natured. At the reception there was an examination and consultation. As a result of the admission, he prescribed treatment and sent him to take the necessary tests.


November 15, 2021

A friendly, pleasant doctor.The reception went well, lasted about an hour. Maxim Mikhailovich explained everything intelligibly to me, issued a referral for the necessary tests and prescribed treatment. I was satisfied.


November 13, 2021

A very competent doctor.I did not regret that I got to him. Recomend for everybody.


November 11, 2021

An excellent doctor! I got to Yenmu on the advice of a friend.Before him I went to 4 doctors and no one could solve my problem. Andrei Mikhailovich immediately determined what was wrong with me and prescribed treatment that helped me. Now I go to him for routine examinations, as a result of which he prescribes supportive therapy, and for 2 years while I have been seeing him there has not been a single exacerbation. Recommend!


02 November 2021

I visit this doctor quite often, everything suits me.Konstantin Mikhailovich copes with his work, makes the correct diagnoses and prescribes treatment. At the reception, we discussed the upcoming operation. I recommend a specialist.


October 27, 2021

Judging by what I heard, I got the impression that this doctor has quite a lot of experience.Viktor Alekseevich is a pleasant, calm, well-mannered, attentive, professional doctor who knows how to keep his distance from the patient. Seemed to me as a very good specialist. During the appointment, the doctor examined me and prescribed treatment. I can’t say anything yet, I hope it will help me. Everything was more than wonderful! I was satisfied!


September 13, 2021

An attentive doctor.At the reception, he consulted me. Everything was competent, clear and to the point.


May 30, 2021

I turned to a specialist in male problems.A kind, attentive, sympathetic doctor. Conducted an examination, consultation and prescribed appropriate treatment.


April 30, 2021

Everything was great! A modern, good clinic that inspires confidence.I have only been to this doctor once, so I cannot recommend it, I will test it on myself for now.


15 June 2016

Show 10 reviews of 14,051 90,000 testicular ultrasound in men in Perm in the diagnostic center, do an ultrasound examination of the testicles in men in Perm at low prices

The testicles are the male sex glands located in the scrotum.The organs are paired and are responsible for the synthesis of steroid hormones and the production of sperm. Diseases of the testicles cause various sexual dysfunctions.

With the help of ultrasound of the scrotum, pathology can be detected at an early stage and treatment can be started on time. The procedure is painless, safe for men at any age and does not require preparation. It is performed on an outpatient basis. You can make an ultrasound of the scrotum in Perm at reasonable prices in the clinic “Alfa-Health Center”.

Indications for examination

Ultrasound of the scrotum in men is prescribed in the following cases:

  • Delayed puberty or premature maturation of the boy.
  • Deviations in spermogram results.
  • Decreased libido, potency.
  • Male infertility.
  • Soreness, redness and swelling of the skin in the scrotum.
  • Apparent increase or decrease in the size of the testes and epididymis.
  • Cryptorchidism.
  • Suspicion of the presence of metastases, tumors, hernias, cysts, calcifications in the internal organs of the scrotum.
  • Injury to the perineum.
  • Research of regional lymph nodes in the complex diagnosis of cancer.
  • Preparing a patient for testicular surgery, fine needle biopsy, aspiration, and other invasive procedures.
  • Follow-up after surgical treatment.
  • Monitoring the effectiveness of drug therapy.

In our clinic in Perm, ultrasound of the scrotum is done not only to diagnose an existing disease, but also to prevent male diseases – patients from risk groups are examined annually. The price of ultrasound of the scrotum for diagnosis and prevention is the same.


Ultrasound scanning has no contraindications. There is no radiation load on the body; adults and children with prostheses, metal implants, pacemakers, etc. can be examined.

Mental or neurological abnormalities can complicate the examination, in which the patient is not able to maintain immobility and control his actions. In this case, the doctor discusses with the patient’s relatives the possibility of using sedatives, which are included in the cost of an ultrasound scan of the testicles.

How is an ultrasound of the scrotum done

Ultrasound examination is performed using a standard method: using a transducer and a gel that improves signal conductivity. The doctor of ultrasound diagnostics will tell you in detail about the course of the procedure directly at the reception. The entire scanning process takes about 15-20 minutes.

In order to study blood circulation, during the procedure, the doctor can replace the sensor on the device and do an ultrasound of the scrotal vessels with Doppler ultrasound (USG).A dynamic two-color picture allows you to assess the intensity of blood flow and the structure of the vascular network, which is important in the diagnosis of most diseases. To clarify how much a Doppler study costs, contact the registrars in our clinic.

After the examination, the doctor will prepare a description of the ultrasound of the scrotum, which is included in the cost of the service. To decipher the results, you must contact the attending doctor and show him the protocol.

What does ultrasound of the scrotum show

Normally, the testicles of a healthy man are 30-50 mm long and 20-30 mm wide.The body and tail of the epididymis are not determined on the sonogram if there is no pathology in it. The head is visualized, its diameter does not exceed 10-15 mm. When examining a healthy patient, the doctor will not find neoplasms, large accumulations of fluid. The wall thickness of the scrotum is no more than 8 mm. Deviations from the norm in ultrasound of the testicles and adjacent structures indicate the development of the disease.

The description may contain the following signs:

  • The head of the epididymis is enlarged, its body and tail are visible.The volume of fluid between the testicular membranes exceeds 2 ml. Signs indicate the possible development of an epidymitis.
  • The volume of free liquid is significantly higher than the norm. This is a characteristic symptom of varicocele and hydrocele.
  • A mass with low echogenicity, indistinct shape and heterogeneous structure was found in the scrotum. It is possible that an abscess has formed on the testis, which requires urgent treatment.
  • The contours and shape of the testicles have been changed. This pattern is typical for patients with trauma to the external genital organs.
  • The testicle is missing from the scrotum. The doctor diagnoses cryptorchidism.
  • The volume of free fluid is increased, ultrasound of the scrotal organs detects a neoplasm extending beyond the internal structures. These are signs of a malignant tumor.
  • A mass was found compressing the tubules and disrupting the normal outflow of sperm. Such indicators on ultrasound of the testes in men help to identify and eliminate the possible cause of infertility.
  • One or more well-defined fluid formations detected.These are cysts that can cause infertility and enlargement of the scrotum.

Ultrasound of the testicles with vascular Doppler provides information about the speed and volume of blood flow, the shape and structure of veins and arteries. The color image better visualizes areas of blood supply disturbance, for example, when the testis is twisted. The scan also allows you to evaluate the mesh feeding the cancer and plan for surgery. Ultrasound of the scrotum with Doppler ultrasound always complements the data of a standard scan.The results help the doctor better understand the nature of the detected pathologies.

Sign up for an ultrasound of the testicles in Perm

Choose a convenient time for the research and make an appointment through the feedback form. Our registrars also advise patients over the phone. We will tell you how much an ultrasound scan of the scrotum costs, we will book you for a consultation with a urologist-andrologist or other narrow specialist to decipher the results.

The address of the clinic “Alfa-Health Center” in Perm is indicated in the “Contacts” section.

Life of gays in Belarus: either to blame, or not to protrude

  • Tatiana Melnichuk
  • BBC Russian Service, Minsk

Photo author, Eduard Tarletsky

Photo caption,

The Lambda Belarusian League of Sexual Minorities, created in the late 90s, has not received official registration in Belarus

Tolerance is a quality most often mentioned when characterizing Belarusians.But their tolerant attitude almost does not apply to Belarusian gays.

The rainbow flag fluttered freely in the center of Minsk 16 years ago.

On the eve of the 2001 presidential elections, a small, but the first in the former USSR, demonstration of gays and lesbians marched, divided by the highway of the central avenue, past the frozen oppositionists ready to protest the next election of President Alexander Lukashenko.

Nobody touched the LGBT group then; protesters in the opposition camp soon took a hit.At the same time, the official media did not fail to recall the “rainbow” column that passed alongside the fighters for democracy.

The leader of that demonstration, Edward Tarletsky, is now Madame Juju, a popular actor in a drag show in neighboring Ukraine.

Leave, you cannot stay

The Belarusian League of Sexual Minorities “Lambda”, created by Tarletsky in the late 90s, did not receive official registration in Belarus, but before Edward’s departure in 2008, it excited the Minsk elite and ordinary people with either Belarus Gay Pride festivals or competition “Alternative Miss Belarus”, then “rainbow” pickets.

Not only zealous and anonymous supporters of traditional values ​​did not accept such activity. Edward was attacked and beaten on more than one occasion.

But one day, returning to the office of fellow journalists, he found in the trash can a stack of newspapers he had published and had just brought with articles in defense of the LGBTI community.

He says that he left, convinced of the futility of his many years of efforts to correct or explain something to his compatriots.

Shortly before his departure, his relatives evicted him from the apartment through the court.

Many activists of the organization he once created have left Belarus in all directions.

Live without sticking out

Andrey (name has been changed) agrees to a conversation on condition of anonymity. She says: life in Minsk is beautiful, if you do not shock and stick out.

“Come out with a one-time rally – and then what?” he asks.

“Devote your life to getting the right to walk in rubber tights around the city, and no one beat you for that? But I don’t like such tights! I compare it with Soviet demonstrations,” explains Andrey.- I am from that time, I saw it all. I understand that people are driven by some idea. But I am absolutely sure that this idea will be used by some other person who will take the lead in our campaign and do his job. ”

Andrey tries not to demonstrate his sexual orientation in any way:“ I never discussed my situation with anyone: those who who knows, they know. ”

But born and grown up in the USSR, where“ wrong ”attraction was considered by many to be a disease, and the state was prosecuted by the state, he fears that these times may return.

“And if tomorrow a law comes out that prohibits same-sex intercourse and considers it criminal, if what happened before comes back? Am I sure that my friends and acquaintances who know who I am will not report me? I do not know.” I’m not 100% sure that there won’t be a person who will run to report, “says Andrey.

Rights that do not exist

Same-sex marriage is prohibited in Belarus, so Andrei and his partner have been diligently portraying just comrades for 10 years.

“As you get older, you especially understand that there are not enough guarantees of rights,” says Andrey.- My boyfriend and I face a certain number of problems due to the fact that we share real estate. If, God forbid, something happens, my boyfriend’s rights as a relative will not be recognized. The first question is: who are you? The notary had, shall we say, amazement when we came about the apartment. Why are you selling a part of your home to a stranger for such little money? Sell ​​it to me! “.

” It’s also difficult with children, “continues Andrey. – Many people want children. It’s not about sexuality – there are gays who want children, there are straight people who don’t want children.So in life it turned out that I was married and I have a child, I am happy about that. But if I originally lived with my boyfriend, it is unlikely that we would have been able to raise children. “

” It is easier for ordinary people, straight people: children are sometimes born by accident. And here it will not happen by chance, you need to invent something, look for it. Now surrogate mothers have appeared. But more often couples find just girlfriends. Everyone knows who are tolerant. Then they live together, as it were, fictitiously. This is the situation, “explains Andrey.

Without the right to defense

Human rights activist Natalya Mankovskaya states: there is not a single registered LGBTI organization in Belarus.

Photo author, AFP

Photo caption,

Rejection of the LGBT community is characteristic not only of President Lukashenko, but also of many representatives of the Belarusian opposition

Five times over the past year, Mankovskaya tried to register a structure that aimed to promote LGBTI rights.

“I was refused all five times, and with such wording! For example, they didn’t agree on the name, because this name, in the opinion of officials, is contrary to morality, ethics and traditional values.Although it was just a matter of creating a human rights institution to promote human rights – lesbian, gay, transgender. The usual things for a European person, but … In Belarus, officials, in principle, are very wary of the problem of human rights. And human rights of LGBT people are generally a topic beyond their reach, “Natalya notes.

The attitude of society to this problem, according to Mankovskaya, is clearly evidenced by a recent study conducted in Belarus by the SATIO company.

” They studied the attitude of society towards mortals. executions, but including attitudes towards various marginalized groups as well.About 70% of Belarusians and Belarusian women do not want to see a person from the community of sexual minorities as their neighbor. It seems to me that this figure reflects both the level of tolerance and the level of latent aggression, “the human rights activist notes. from the last places in the European ranking on attitudes towards gays and distributed these days by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Association (ILGA).

The level of equality of LGBTI people and respect for their rights in Belarus is estimated by ILGA at 13% out of 100 possible. The same indicator (13%) is in Moldova.

Below are San Marino (12%), Monaco (10%), Turkey (9%), Armenia (7%), Russia (6%) and Azerbaijan (5%).

Macho in power and in opposition

Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko has repeatedly noted the phrases “they have nothing in their pants”, “they have no eggs” and “dovecote” in the heat of public criticism of their opponents.

The opposition “Young Front” and the founders of the Belarusian Christian Democratic Party are a little more restrained in periodic public discussions – except that the vocabulary of their statements does not descend to the common people.

Another demonstration of opinions unfolded these days, after the statement on Facebook by Nikolai Khalezin, the creator of the world-famous and underground Free Theater in his homeland.