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Tiny deer tick: The request could not be satisfied

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How Small is a Deer Tick? Check It Out.

About LDA DOCTOR REFERRAL SYSTEM ©
Welcome to the Lyme Disease Association’s LDA Doctor Referral System ©. LDA made updates and enhancements to its prior system and has launched a new site to provide patients with information about practitioners, testing labs, and pharmacies that are knowledgeable about chronic Lyme disease and often about many other tick-borne diseases (TBD). Many of the doctors listed are often referred to as Lyme Literate Physicians (LLMD). Tens of thousands of patients have successfully used the prior LDA system to locate Lyme and TBD resources.

Terms & Conditions and Guidelines
Because there is a negative political climate surrounding Lyme disease, many LLMDs do not want their names posted outright on the internet. LDA has tried to balance the doctors’ wishes with patients’ need to find a doctor. This new system is a result of that compromise and therefore:

  • LDA permits searches over a 30-day period that will result in access to up to 15 Doctor Referrals, or complete system contact listings. To access a Doctor Referral listing, first conduct a search, and then click on the desired provider from the results that populate. Clicking on a listing will re-direct you to that provider’s page which will include all necessary contact information. The system enables you to click on up to 15 Doctor Referrals every 30 days.
  • Searches can be refined based on the search location (street address, city, zip code or country), search radius (distance from the starting point), category filter(s), and/or keyword search.

Because of the limited number of physicians treating chronic Lyme disease nationwide, some states, and in some instances, entire regions, may not have any treating physicians who follow flexible treating approaches such as those in the International Lyme & Associated Diseases Society (ILADS) Guidelines, Evidence Assessments and Guideline Recommendations in Lyme Disease: The Clinical Management of Known Tick Bites, Erythema Migrans Rashes and Persistent Disease. In the event that the LDA Doctor Referral System © contains no Lyme or TBD resource listings in a given area, the closest possible option(s) will populate based on the location entered and specaialty/ies selected. The LDA appreciates any changes in provider information that you may find and make us aware of so we can investigate.

About Ticks & Lyme Disease

What Are Ticks and How Do They Transmit Lyme Disease?

Ticks are small crawling bugs that have eight legs and are related to spiders and mites. They are arachnids, not insects. Ticks are parasites that feed on the blood of humans and animals in order to survive. They are called vectors (carriers) because they can feed on a Lyme disease-infected animal (such as a mouse), then carry and transmit the Lyme bacterium (

Borrelia burgdorferi) to the next animal or person they bite.

Which Ticks Carry Lyme Disease?

There are hundreds of different kinds of ticks throughout the world. The Ixodes tick, commonly called a black-legged tick, are ticks that carry Lyme disease. In the eastern and mid-western U.S, the primary species is Ixodes scapularis (or deer tick) and the related western U.S. version is the Ixodes pacificus (western black-legged tick).

These ticks that carry Lyme disease can also carry bacterial co-infections, such as Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, and Anaplasmosis. While Lyme disease is the most common infection from a tick, co-infections can complicate one’s Lyme disease diagnosis and treatment. Learn more about ticks and the other diseases they can cause in the U.S.

What Season Do Ticks That Carry Lyme Disease Thrive?

Ticks that carry Lyme disease are active year-round and can survive in below-freezing temperatures, although their peak season of activity begins in April and runs through September. During this time, the hungry nymphal tick (about as small as a poppy seed) actively seeks a host, and its bite poses the greatest risk.

Tick Life Cycle:

Ticks generally live two to three years and have a four-stage life cycle. The four stages of their life cycle include egg, larva, nymph, and adult.

TICK LARVA: The tick larva is about the size of the period at the end of this sentence. They are almost impossible to find on your body but have not been proven to transmit tick-borne illness.

TICK NYMPH: The nymph is the size of a poppy seed. Nymphal ticks cause the majority of Lyme disease infections in people. Because of their very small size and painless bite, these ticks are generally not detected. Nymphs are most active in the late spring and summer months.

ADULT TICKS: Adult ticks are roughly the size of a sesame seed. Due to their small size and flat shape, they can be difficult to find on your body. Adult ticks that carry Lyme disease feed and mate primarily on deer. You may also find adult ticks on dogs, horses, and domesticated animals.

Where Are Ticks That Carry Lyme Disease Found?

Ticks that carry Lyme disease can be found anywhere their hosts live, in short, anywhere in the world. They prefer moist shady areas. The phrase “deer tick,” the name commonly used for the species of ticks that carry Lyme disease, is somewhat of a misnomer. Although deer are important as reproductive hosts in the lifecycle of these ticks, other vertebrate animals actually infect the ticks with disease organisms — not the deer. These animals include white-footed mice, chipmunks, shrews, several species of ground feeding birds (American robin, finches, wrens, bluejays, etc.), and many other small mammals. Lyme disease ticks can be found in:

  • Leaf litter
  • Woodpiles
  • Stonewalls
  • Tall grass, bushy areas and beach grass
  • Areas planted with pachysandra or other ground covers
  • Lawn perimeters where they meet forest, woodlot or garden edges

How Can I Prevent Bites From Ticks –– and Lyme Disease?

You can keep yourself, your loved ones, and your pets from encountering Lyme ticks with a few easy, Be Tick AWARE prevention steps:

  • Avoid high-traffic areas known to host ticks that carry Lyme disease like tall grasses and leaf piles
  • Wear clothing to protect from ticks and Lyme disease, like long sleeves, pants, and socks
  • Apply EPA-approved tick repellent properly
  • Remove clothing to protect from ticks and Lyme disease, like long sleeves, pants, and socks
  • Examine yourself for ticks daily as the risk of Lyme disease is always there

Learn more about preventing encounters with ticks that carry Lyme disease on our prevention page.

See below for more information on ticks and Lyme disease.

Tick Bite

Is this your child’s symptom?

  • A tick (small brown bug) is attached to the skin
  • A tick was removed from the skin

Symptoms of a Tick Bite

  • A tick bite does not cause pain or itch. So, ticks may not be noticed for a few days.
  • After feeding on blood, ticks get swollen and easier to see.
  • Ticks fall off on their own after sucking blood for 3 to 6 days.
  • After the tick comes off, a little red bump may be seen.
  • The red bump or spot is the body’s response to the tick’s saliva (spit).
  • While it’s sucking blood, some of its spit gets mixed in.

Causes of Tick Bites

  • The wood tick (dog tick) is the size of an apple seed. After feeding, it can double or triple in size. Sometimes, it can pass on Rocky Mountain spotted fever or Colorado tick fever.
  • The deer tick is the size of a poppy seed. After a feeding, it can triple in size. Sometimes, it can pass on Lyme disease.

Lyme Disease

  • Over 95% of people who get Lyme disease live in or have traveled to 14 high-risk states. Lyme disease mainly occurs in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic and upper Midwest. Many states do not have Lyme disease. The CDC reports over 30,000 new cases per year (2015).
  • About 80% of Lyme disease starts with a bull’s eye rash called erythema migrans. The rash starts at the site of the tick bite. It starts on the average at 7 days. It grows larger quickly, to more than 2 inches (5 cm) wide. It can become as large as 12 inches (30 cm). It lasts 2 or 3 weeks. Treatment of this rash with an antibiotic is advised. This almost always prevents the later stages of Lyme Disease. If Lyme Disease isn’t treated, heart, joint and neurologic problems can occur.
  • Giving antibiotics after deer tick bites to prevent Lyme Disease depends on the risk. The risk is low with brief attachment. The risk is high if the deer tick was attached for longer than 36 hours. It’s also higher if the tick is swollen, not flat. Ask your doctor for advice.
  • The risk of Lyme Disease after a deer tick bite is low. Even in high risk areas, only 2% of deer tick bites cause Lyme Disease.

When to Call for Tick Bite

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Can’t remove the tick after trying this care advice
  • Widespread rash starts 2 to 14 days after the bite
  • Fever or headache starts 2 to 14 days after the bite
  • Fever and bite looks infected (spreading redness)
  • Weak, droopy eyelid, droopy face or crooked smile
  • Your child looks or acts very sick
  • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Deer tick was attached for more than 36 hours
  • Deer tick is swollen, not flat
  • New redness starts more than 24 hours after the bite. Note: bacterial infection is rare. It does not start until at least 24-48 hours after the bite.
  • More than 48 hours since the bite and redness now getting larger
  • Red-ring or bull’s eye rash occurs around a deer tick bite. Note: the rash of Lyme disease starts 3 to 30 days after the bite.
  • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Contact Doctor During Office Hours

  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Wood tick bite
  • Deer tick bite
  • Preventing tick bites

Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations

If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.

Care Advice

Treating Tick Bites

  1. What You Should Know About Wood Tick Bites:
    • Most wood tick bites are harmless.
    • The spread of disease by wood ticks is not common.
    • If the tick is still attached to the skin, it needs to be taken off.
    • Try one of the methods described below to take out the tick.
  2. Wood Tick – How to Remove with Tweezers:
    • Use tweezers. Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible (on its head).
    • Hold the tweezers sideways next to the top of the skin.
    • Pull the wood tick straight upward without twisting or crushing it.
    • Keep a steady pressure until the tick lets go of its grip.
    • If you don’t have tweezers, you can use your fingers.
    • Other options. You can use a loop of thread around the jaws. You can also use a needle pushed between the jaws for traction. Jaws are the part of the head attached to the skin.
    • Not helpful: Covering the tick with petroleum jelly or nail polish doesn’t work. Neither does rubbing alcohol or a soapy cotton ball. Touching the tick with a hot or cold object also doesn’t work.
  3. What You Should Know About Deer Tick Bites:
    • Most deer tick bites are harmless.
    • The spread of disease by deer ticks is not common.
    • Even in high risk areas, only 2% of deer tick bites cause Lyme disease.
    • Most people who get Lyme disease live in or have traveled to 14 high-risk states. Lyme disease mainly occurs in the Northeast and upper Midwest. Many states do not have Lyme disease.
  4. Deer Tick – How to Remove:
    • If it is swollen, try to remove with a tweezers. See wood tick advice.
    • Tiny deer ticks need to be scraped off.
    • You can remove them with the edge of a credit card.
  5. Tick’s Head – When to Remove:
    • If the wood tick’s head (mouth parts) breaks off in the skin, remove any large pieces.
    • Clean the skin with rubbing alcohol.
    • Use a clean tweezers or needle to scrape it off.
    • If a small piece remains, the skin will slowly heal and shed it.
  6. Antibiotic Ointment:
    • After the tick is removed, wash the wound with soap and water. Also, wash your hands after you are done.
    • This helps to prevent catching any infections carried by the tick.
    • Use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polysporin). No prescription is needed.
    • Put it on the bite once.
  7. What to Expect:
    • Most often, tick bites don’t itch or hurt.
    • That’s why they may not be noticed.
    • The little bump goes away in 2 days.
    • If the tick transferred a disease, a rash will occur. It will appear in the next 4 weeks.
  8. Call Your Doctor If:
    • You tried and can’t remove the tick
    • Fever or rash happens in the next 4 weeks
    • Bite starts to look infected
    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Your child becomes worse

Prevent Tick Bites

  1. Prevent Tick Bites:
    • After being outdoors in deer tick areas, check for ticks. Remove any that are attached. Also, take a shower soon after coming inside.
    • Tumble any clothing in a hot dryer for 10 minutes. That should kill any ticks left in the clothing.
    • When hiking outside where there are ticks, wear long clothing. Tuck the ends of pants into socks.
    • Use a bug repellent to shoes, socks and exposed skin.
  2. Tick Repellent for Clothing – Permethrin:
    • Permethrin products (such as Duranon) work well to repel ticks.
    • Unlike DEET, these products are put on clothing instead of skin. They also can last through many washes. Use it on pant cuffs, socks and shoes. You can also put it on other outdoor items (bug netting, sleeping bags).
    • Do not put it on skin. Reason: Sweat changes it so it does not work.
  3. Tick Repellent for Skin – DEET:
    • DEET also works well to repel ticks. It can be used on the skin not covered by clothing.
    • Use 20-30% DEET for children and teens (AAP). Note: 30% DEET protects for 6 hours.
    • DEET is approved for use in children over 2 months of age (AAP).

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

Last Reviewed: 05/30/2021

Last Revised: 03/11/2021

Copyright 2000-2021. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

Ticks – Tickborne Disease – Minnesota Dept. of Health

In Minnesota, there are about a dozen different types of ticks. Not all of them spread disease. Three types that people may come across in Minnesota are the blacklegged tick (aka deer tick), the American dog tick (aka wood tick), and the lone star tick. The blacklegged tick causes by far the most tickborne disease in Minnesota. People in Minnesota are often bitten by American dog ticks but they rarely spread diseases. American dog ticks may spread Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia. Lone star ticks are rarely found in Minnesota, but can spread diseases such as ehrlichiosis and tularemia.

The blacklegged tick, shown in the lower right, is much smaller than the American dog tick, shown in the upper right. The lone star tick is shown in the upper left of this photo and is a little smaller than the American dog tick but larger than the blacklegged tick

Blacklegged Tick Life Cycle

Blacklegged ticks live for about two to three years. Most of their life is spent out in the environment rather than on a host or in a host’s nest. During their entire lifetime, they will only have up to three blood meals. The picture below shows that the life cycle begins when the female lays eggs. As the egg matures, it develops into a larva (right-middle), then a nymph (top-middle) and finally, an adult male or female (bottom-right).

In the spring of their first year, eggs hatch into larvae. Larvae prefer to feed on blood from small mammals, like mice and birds. Larvae have one feeding then molt into nymphs and rest until the next spring. During this first meal, the larva may pick up a disease agent (like the bacteria that causes Lyme disease) while feeding on a small mammal, such as a white-footed mouse.

Late in the spring of their second year, nymphs take their second feeding. Nymphs aren’t as picky with their choice of host and will feed on blood from small or large mammals, such as white-tailed deer or humans. At this time, if the nymph is infected with a disease agent then it could spread the disease agent to a human or animal that it feeds on.

In the fall of their second year, nymphs that have had a blood meal will molt into an adult male or female tick. Adults prefer to feed on large mammals, such as white-tailed deer or humans. The females find a host to feed, mate with an adult male tick, lay hundreds to thousands of eggs, and then die. The males attach to a host to find a female mate and then die. Some adults who do not feed or mate in the fall will survive through the winter and then come out to feed and/or mate the following spring. If there is little to no snow cover and temperatures rise above freezing, it is possible to find an active adult tick searching for a host on a warm winter day.

In Minnesota, adult ticks will usually emerge right after the snow melts and reach peak spring-time activity during the month of May. The adult ticks will typically stay active throughout June. Adults will also become active again in the fall, usually by the end of September and through October, until temperatures drop below freezing or snow covers the ground. Blacklegged tick nymphs start to become active in mid-May and reach peak activity at the end of May through the month of June. Nymph activity tapers off slowly, and they are much less active by the end of July. Larvae are typically most active in June.

This picture shows each of the life stages of the blacklegged tick: adult female, adult male, nymph, and larva. It also shows the relative sizes and patterns of the blacklegged tick, lone star tick, and American dog tick.

Feeding and blood meals

  • Blacklegged ticks feed on blood by inserting their mouth parts into the skin.
  • They are slow feeders and will usually feed for 3-5 days.
  • In order to spread disease to a human or animal, a tick needs to be infected with a disease agent and it needs to be attached to the host for a certain amount of time.
    • If the blacklegged tick is infected, it must be attached for 24-48 hours before it transmits Lyme disease.
    • Less common tickborne diseases, such as anaplasmosis, may take less time.
    • On average, about 1 in 3 adult blacklegged ticks and 1 in 5 blacklegged tick nymphs is infected with the bacteria that causes Lyme disease.

WATCH: How a Tick Digs Its Hooks Into You


Watch this video from National Public Radio on how ticks latch on.

Blacklegged Tick Habitat

Where do we find blacklegged ticks? 

  • Blacklegged ticks live in wooded, brushy areas that provide food and cover for white-footed mice, deer and other mammals.
    • This habitat also provides the humidity ticks need to survive.
  • Exposure to ticks may be greatest in the woods (especially along trails) and the fringe area between the woods and border. Rarely, blacklegged ticks may be found in more open areas (such as yards) that are near wooded habitat so it is important to be on the lookout for ticks when in or near wooded areas.
  • Blacklegged ticks search for a host from the tips of low-lying vegetation and shrubs, not from trees. 
    • Generally, ticks attach to a person or animal near ground level.
  • Blacklegged ticks crawl; they do not jump or fly. They grab onto people or animals that brush against vegetation, and then they crawl upwards to find a place to bite.
  • White-tailed deer live throughout Minnesota, but blacklegged ticks are not
    found everywhere that deer live. 

Tick Photos

Blacklegged ticks thrive in wooded and brushy habitat like this. Try to stay on the mowed trail while walking through here in order to reduce your risk of tick bites.

Blacklegged ticks spend most of their life on the ground, under the leaf litter layer of the forest. This is an adult female blacklegged tick that we found in her usual habitat.

This adult female blacklegged tick can be identified by the reddish-orange coloring on her back. We caught her “questing”, a behavior by which the tick holds out its two front legs and waits for an animal or person to brush by so that it can grab onto a host.

Look how small this blacklegged tick nymph is compared to the thumbnail. We found it on a drag cloth while we were collecting ticks out in the woods.

Can you find the tiny blacklegged tick larva near the knuckle of this hand? Larvae are the smallest life stage of tick that develop from eggs.

These ticks have been lined up next to the thumb so you can see their relative sizes. From left to right are the blacklegged tick (deer tick) larva, nymph, adult male, and adult female followed by the American dog tick (wood tick) adult female and adult male.

After ticks are collected out in the field, they are brought back to the office for identification under the microscope. This picture focuses on a blacklegged tick nymph – its large mouthparts are important for biting and staying attached to a host for the entire feeding period, which usually lasts 3-5 days.

Here is an adult female blacklegged tick on a thumb. Adult blacklegged ticks are about the size of a sesame seed.

This picture shows a blacklegged tick nymph near a fingernail. Nymphs are smaller than adult ticks and are about the size of a poppy seed.

This MDH staff person is dressed in white to more easily spot ticks that may grab and crawl onto them while out in the woods. He is pointing to two adult female blacklegged ticks (left) and one male blacklegged tick (right) on his pant leg.

CDC: Tick Image Gallery
A selection of tick images showing life cycles, proper tick removal, bite prevention, illustrations of how to do a proper tick check and more.

Don’t Panic If You Get Bit By A Tick. Here Are 5 Tips To Minimize Lyme : Shots

The culprit: Lyme disease is caused by the bite of a blacklegged tick.

Stephen Reiss for NPR


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Stephen Reiss for NPR

The culprit: Lyme disease is caused by the bite of a blacklegged tick.

Stephen Reiss for NPR

This spring and summer may be a doozy for Lyme disease, at least in parts of the Northeast.

“We’re anticipating 2017 to be a particularly risky year for Lyme,” says Rick Ostfeld, a disease ecologist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, New York.

Ostfeld has been studying the debilitating tick-borne disease for more than 20 years, and has developed an early warning system based on mice. For more on that, check out the piece in our sister blog, Goats and Soda.

He’s not exactly sure which parts of the Northeast will be most affected, but if recent history repeats itself, the risk will be high in New York state and Connecticut, he says, and possibly patches of the mid-Atlantic region.

In other parts of the New England and the upper Midwest, Lyme continues to spread, says epidemiologist Kiersten Kugeler at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“Reported cases of Lyme have tripled in the past few decades,” she says. “And today, we think that the true burden of Lyme disease in the U.S. is about 300,000 cases each year.”

(Our global health team is reporting on the anticipated surge in Lyme disease as part of its series on future pandemics.)

Lyme disease — which causes flu-like symptoms and arthritis — is spread by blacklegged ticks. They can be as small a a poppy seed. And they like to hang out in the nooks and crannies of the human body. “That’s the scalp, behind the ears, the armpits and in the groin area,” she says.

On the East Coast, most people catch Lyme right around their homes, Kugeler says, not just when they’re hiking or camping. “People may be putting themselves at risk every day without knowing it.” Here are some tick bite-avoidance tips.)

So if you live in places with Lyme, she recommends checking your body for ticks every day. Make it part of your daily routine.

And when you find a tick:

1. Don’t panic, says Dr. Brian Fallon, who directs the Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases Research at Columbia University Medical Center.

2. Get out the tweezers. “Very carefully, go under the head of the tick with the tweezers and just pull out the mouth of the tick, which is embedded in the skin,” Fallon says.

“What you don’t want to do is squeeze the body of the tick,” he says. “That will cause the tick to spew all of its stomach contents into the skin, and you’ll be more likely acquire whatever infection that tick was carrying.”

Also, don’t put Vaseline or smoke from a cigarette or [a] match on it,” Fallon says. “Just use tweezers.”

3. Check the Lyme map. Next you want to figure out if you picked up the tick in an area where Lyme is a problem. The CDC tracks Lyme cases and has detailed statistics — at the county level — about where doctors report cases.

Another good place to check is the website of your state’s health department.

The goal is to figure out if Lyme is present in your community. If the answer is, no, then you can relax. The chance you have Lyme is very, very low.

If the answer is, yes, then you want to see how intense transmission is in your county. This information will come in handy down at No. 5.

4. Save that tick. If there’s a possibility you picked up the tick in an area where Lyme is common, Fallon says, you might want to hold onto the critter so a lab can test it for Lyme.

“Put the tick into a baggie,” he says. “The tick doesn’t even need to stay alive for a lab to see if it carried Lyme.”

You can also take a picture of the tick and send it to the TickEncounter Resource Center. Scientists there will help identify the tick and tell you the chance it could have Lyme.

5. Monitor your health. So now comes the big decision: Should you go see a doctor? That depends on two factors: your symptoms and your location.

Be on the look-out for any red rash, Fallon says. It doesn’t have to be shaped like a target or bull’s eye.

In fact, 80 percent of the time, the rash with Lyme isn’t shaped like that. It’s just red and expanding.”

“If you do develop an expanding rash, a fever or flu-like symptoms, don’t wait. Go see a doctor,” Fallon says. The earlier you start taking antibiotics the more likely you will recover fully and not have any lingering problems.

And while some symptoms persist even when people get treated, “The good news with Lyme is the majority of people who get treatment early do very well,” he says.

If you don’t have any symptoms, you don’t necessarily need to see a doctor, Fallon says. Not all blacklegged ticks have Lyme disease. And after it starts biting you, it takes about 24 to 36 hours to transmit the pathogen into your blood. So if the tick wasn’t on your body very long, you’re probably OK.

But if you live in a place with a high number of Lyme cases, you might want to check in with a doctor even if you don’t have symptoms, Fallon says, especially if you think the tick was on your body for a while.

“The Infectious Diseases Society of America recommends a one-day treatment of doxycycline, prophylactically,” Fallon says, “That’s believed to be protective, to some extent, from the disease.”

Got Pests?

Ticks are arachnids, like spiders and mites. They are mostly found in wooded areas and the open or grassy areas at the edges of wooded areas. Approximately 850 species have been described worldwide.

Ticks are vectors of many diseases, the most important of which, for Maine, is Lyme Disease. Lyme Disease is transmitted to people by bites from deer ticks (also called black-legged ticks), not from dog ticks. When feeding, the tick makes a small incision in the skin of the host and inserts barbed piercing mouthparts to remove the blood. Most species cause little or no pain to their hosts at the time of feeding. Ticks transmit diseases by infecting hosts with microorgranisms carried on their mouthparts or in salivary fluids.

 



Adult American dog ticks are chestnut brown with white spots or streaks on their backs. Unfed adults are about l/8-inch long. Engorged females become slate gray and may expand to a length of l/2-inch. Deer ticks: adults on right and nymph on left. Deer tick nymphs are very very tiny, approximately the size of a fleck of black pepper; adult females are about 1/10th of an inch when not engorged. Relative sizes of ticks: adult and nymphal deer ticks on the left and adult American dog ticks on the right. Each line on the ruler is 1/10 centimeter.

Click on images to view full-size

 

Identification (each will open in a new window)

 

Tick Prevention and Management (each will open in a new window)

Managing Ticks on School Grounds

List of Licensed Companies Offering Tick & Mosquito Control—Maine Board of Pesticides Control

 

Protecting Yourself from Ticks
(each will open in a new window)

 

Lyme and Other Tick-borne Disease Resources
(each will open in a new window)

 

 

[Photos, left to right:


Gary Alpert, Harvard University, Bugwood.org;


Jim Occi, BugPics, Bugwood.org;


Jim Occi, BugPics, Bugwood.org]


It is the policy of the State of Maine to minimize reliance on pesticides. The Maine Department of Agriculture and the Maine IPM Council encourage everyone to practice integrated pest management and to use pesticides only as a last resort. The mention of pesticides in the fact sheets linked to these pages does not imply an endorsement of any product. Be sure that any product used is currently registered and follow all label directions.

 

Tiny terrors: Deer tick bites can lead to Lyme disease

Valerie Cran Dahl of Salol, Minn., has been living with Lyme disease for nearly 30 years, she says.

In the summer of 1985, when she was 14, she distinctly remembers that she woke up to find “a dozen tiny poppy seed-sized ticks latched on to my right ankle, which was swollen and painful.”

“I was an outdoor girl” and had been bitten by ticks a few times, she said. But pulling off these ticks was “very painful-unlike the annoying dog ticks that had bitten me.”

She removed them all, but “that ankle remained swollen with a rash for several days.”

Her symptoms included achiness and a fever or flu, she said. She spent “a few miserable days in bed.”

Since then, Dahl has suffered failing health and has received “dozens of wrong diagnoses until I was finally diagnosed correctly in 2010,” she said. “I have been disabled … fighting hard, but not getting well.”

Her symptoms “have lingered for a long time-on and off for the first few years.” she said.

Over time, she has also experienced “constant moderate to severe leg pain-knees to toes, but hips too.”

Migraine headaches and lingering symptoms of meningitis and encephalitis “got worse and worse as the years passed,” she said.

Tick bites

Lyme disease, which is transferred to humans via a tick bite, is the most common tick-borne illness in North America and Europe, according to Mayo.com.

Black-legged ticks, more commonly known as deer ticks, which feed on the blood of animals and humans, can harbor the bacteria which causes Lyme disease and spread it when feeding.

The ticks are brown and when young, they’re often no bigger than the head of a pin, which can make them nearly impossible to spot.

People who engage in outdoor activities, especially in the spring and summer, are at increased risk of getting Lyme disease, said Dr. Chris Henderson, family physician with Altru Health System in Grand Forks.

In most cases, in order to transmit Lyme disease, a deer tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours, medical experts say. If you find an attached tick that looks swollen, it may have fed long enough to transmit bacteria. Removing the tick as soon as possible may prevent infection.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of Lyme disease vary and usually affect more than one system of the body, according to MayoClinic.com. The skin, joints and nervous system are affected most often.

If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart and the nervous system, the CDC says.

The most common sign of infection is an expanding area of redness that begins at the site of the bite about a week after it occurred. The rash usually feels warm to the touch but is typically not itchy or painful.

“You hear about the bull’s-eye rash, but 25 to 30 percent of people don’t have that kind of rash-or a rash at all,” Henderson said.

The disease “presents like a lot of other things-muscle soreness, headache, fever, stiff neck, sore joints,” he said. “A known history of tick bites” would also increase the possibility of Lyme disease.

With Lyme disease, long-term complications can arise but are less common, Henderson said.

“Arthritis is a common one which causes pain if not treated. Neurological symptoms, which are less common, include meningitis, numbness and a certain weakness in a particular muscle.”

In late stages of persistent Lyme disease, infection can cause damage to the nervous system, joints and brain, according to WebMD.

Lyme disease, which has been termed “the great imitator,” may be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, lupus, Crohn’s disease, HIV or other autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases.

While the term “chronic Lyme disease” is controversial, a classification, called post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, or PTLDS, has emerged and is defined as continuing or relapsing non-specific symptoms-such as fatigue, musculoskeletal pain and cognitive complaints-in a patient previously treated for Lyme disease.

Treatment

Doctors usually treat Lyme disease with antibiotics.

“Doxycycline is usually the first (drug) we use,” Henderson said. “It has benign side effects and is pretty well tolerated.”

“(In the past) it was harder to isolate that bacteria (Borrelia burgdorferi)” which causes Lyme disease, he said. “Different types of blood or joint fluid serum tests are available now.”

Each of those tests “have their own limitations.”

Early diagnosis and treatment can be better for patients, he said, but “even if treated later, people are still likely to do very well.”

If you’re treated with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of the disease, you’re likely to recover completely, Mayo doctors say. In later stages, response to treatment may be slower, but the majority of people with Lyme disease recover completely with appropriate treatment.

Left untreated, symptoms may include loss of the ability to move one or both sides of the face, joint pain, severe headaches with neck stiffness or heart palpitations, among others.

Precautions

Last year in North Dakota, only one case of Lyme disease was reported in each of three northeastern counties-Grand Forks, Walsh and Benson. They were among eight cases statewide that were reported to the North Dakota Department of Health.

In other years, reported cases in the state totaled 29 in 2013, 15 in 2012, 26 in 2011 and 33 in 2010.

According to the Minnesota Health Department, the number of Lyme disease cases has been increasing dramatically since the 1990s. In 2013, 1,431 confirmed cases and an additional 909 probable cases were reported.

A variety of factors, including increasing physician awareness, increasing infection rates in ticks and expanding tick distribution may have led to this trend, the department said.

You’re more likely to get Lyme disease if you live or spend time in grassy or heavily wooded areas where ticks carrying the disease thrive, according to Mayo.com. It’s important to take precautions in areas where Lyme disease is prevalent.

“You should wear long pants and long-sleeved clothing and wear an insect repellant such as DEET,” said Javin Bedard, environmental health manager for the Grand Forks Public Health office.

“Public Health recommends that you check yourself for ticks, especially if you’ve been in tall grass and rural areas.”

Recent studies by UND researchers have revealed that the deer tick is showing up our area, he said. “The potential is there (to acquire Lyme disease).”

Ticks depend on moisture, so homeowners are advised to keep their grass mowed, he said.

When conditions dry out, ticks “retreat to the under mass, or forest litter, to stay in moisture.”

The potential is there to pick up a deer tick at any time, Bedard said, but the ticks become more active as the summer progresses.

Removal

When removing a tick, it’s most critical to be sure the mouth part is removed, Henderson said.

“If you don’t think you can get it out completely, come in (to Altru Clinic) and we’ll take it out. The mouth part can cause problems if it stays in there. It can be pretty irritating.”

Lyme disease “is endemic-meaning it’s present in the population,” he said. “It has been spreading further west with the migration of ticks. (But) people don’t need to worry.”

“(They) should be aware that if they come in … with symptoms of fever, aches, etc., it’s probably not going to be Lyme disease. Especially in December or January, I’m not going to suspect Lyme disease.”

Symptoms of Lyme disease

The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease vary and usually affect more than one system of the body. The skin, joints and nervous system are affected most often.

Early signs and symptoms may occur within a month after you’ve been infected:

• Rash: A small, red bump may appear at the site of the tick bite. This small bump is normal after a tick bite and doesn’t indicate Lyme disease. However, over the next few days, the redness may expand, forming a rash in a bull’s eye pattern, with a red outer ring surrounding a clear area. This rash is one of the hallmarks of Lyme disease.

• Flu-like symptoms: Fever, chills, fatigue, body aches and a headache may accompany the rash.

In some people, the rash may spread to other parts of the body and, several weeks to months after you’ve been infected, you may experience:

• Joint pain: You may develop bouts of severe joint pain and swelling. Your knees are especially likely to be affected, but the pain can shift from one joint to another.

• Neurological problems. Weeks, months and even years after you were infected, you may experience inflammation of the membranes surrounding your brain (meningitis), temporary paralysis of one side of your face (Bell’s palsy), numbness or weakness in your limbs and impaired muscle movement.

Only a minority of deer tick bites lead to Lyme disease. The longer the tick remains attached to your skin, the greater your risk of getting the disease.

If you think you’ve been bitten by a deer tick and experience symptoms of Lyme disease – particularly if you live in an area where it is prevalent – contact your doctor immediately. Treatment for Lyme disease is most effective if begun early.

See your doctor even if symptoms disappear, because the absence of symptoms doesn’t mean the disease is gone.

Left untreated, Lyme disease can spread to other parts of the body from several months to years after infection, causing arthritis and nervous system problems.

Ticks can also transmit other illnesses, such as babesiosis and Colorado tick fever.

Source: MayoClinic.com

 

90,000 30 answers to the most pressing questions about ticks

1. Should you be afraid of any ticks?

No, it all depends on the species. Some of these arachnids are interested in decaying organic matter, while others are interested in plants.

People should be afraid of ixodid, argasid and gamasid ticks. They are the ones who drink blood and carry diseases.

The length of ixodid ticks is 3-4 mm. You can meet them wherever there is grass, bushes, trees. Photo: Alexandre17 / Depositphotos

Argas pliers 3–30 mm long.They live in holes, crevices, caves, nests, grottoes. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Hamas mites are small – from 0.2 to 2.5 mm. They live in the soil, animal burrows, nests, forest floor, in pastures. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

The easiest way to encounter ixodic, or encephalitic, ticks. They will be discussed.

2. Can dog ticks harm humans?

Dog tick (Ixodes ricinus) belongs to ixodid ticks, and they are dangerous for any warm-blooded mammals.Including for people. Therefore, yes, a bloodsucker brought by a dog can cling to a person.

3. What diseases can you earn?

Ticks are carriers of many diseases. With his saliva, the bloodsucker can transmit to you:

  • Bacterial infections. These include tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), recurrent fever, tularemia, and babesiosis.
  • Rickettsial infections. These are spotted fevers, q fever, ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis.
  • Viral diseases. Tick-borne encephalitis, Colorado tick fever, hemorrhagic fever Crimea – Congo.

4. Can ticks carry hepatitis and HIV?

No, fortunately, ticks do not spread such diseases.

5. Can all this be infected anywhere?

In Russia, and even then not everywhere, tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis are most common.

Olga Polyakova

general practitioner, senior medical consultant “Teledoktor24”

There are prosperous and disadvantaged areas.Dysfunctional ones in another way are called endemic foci, there is a high probability of contracting infections transmitted with the bite of the parasite. In the well-off, on the contrary, the risk of infection is small. For example, Moscow is a prosperous area. And the closest dangerous zones to it are the Yaroslavl and Tver regions.

Information on your area can be viewed on the Rospotrebnadzor website.

6. What are the risks of borreliosis and encephalitis?

These diseases are dangerous for their complications. Due to borreliosis, problems with joints, cardiovascular system, neurological disorders, hepatitis, eye inflammation, severe fatigue may appear.Tick-borne encephalitis affects the nervous system.

At first, both diseases manifest themselves with fever, headache and muscle pain. With borreliosis, a specific symptom may appear – a red speck surrounded by white and red rims.

There are no vaccinations against borreliosis, but there is one against encephalitis, so it is quite possible to protect yourself from infection.

Ask for details 🧐

7.If a tick just crawled over my body, can I get infected?

If the skin is not damaged, it is impossible to get infected. But if there is a fresh wound or crack, then the parasite can still bring an infection there.

8. Can a tick bite me through my clothes and tights?

No, the tick will not bite through clothes.

Georgy Budarkevich

instructor of the training center “ProPomoshch”, certified rescuer, organizer and judge of the first aid competition

He will crawl over his body in search of a bare spot.Therefore, it is so important that when walking in nature, clothes cover all parts of the body.

9. Can a tick bite and crawl away without sucking?

According to Georgy Budarkevich, the tick bites for a reason. He bites into the body to drink blood. And until it is satisfied, it will not fall off. Usually it takes him several days, but in rare cases, the meal can last up to two weeks.

A well-fed tick is several times larger than a hungry one. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

10.Can ixodid ticks get under the skin?

Perhaps this happens in horror films, but in real life it does not. Ticks do not get under the skin, do not be afraid.

11. How to remove the tick?

It would be nice to go to the hospital right away so that the doctor pulled out the parasite and treated the bite. If this is not possible, you will have to remove the bloodsucker yourself. This can be done with a twist twist, fine-tipped tweezers, or even a regular thread.

Follow instructions ☝️

12.What if the head of the tick comes off?

You will need to pull it out with a disinfected needle, and then immediately consult a doctor, because the wound may become inflamed.

Tatyana Loshkareva

Honored Doctor of the Russian Federation, infectious disease doctor of the highest qualification category “Medintsentra”

Due to the head remaining in the wound, the infection process may continue. The salivary glands and ducts of the parasite contain the virus of tick-borne encephalitis or borreliosis if the tick is infected.

13. Are all ticks contagious?

No. After removing the bloodsucker, it must be taken for analysis: the laboratory will find out whether it is contagious or not. True, only if the parasite is alive.

If there are no pathogens in the tick, just keep the wound clean, rinse and treat with alcohol so that it heals faster.

If an infection is found in the saliva of the parasite, consult an infectious disease doctor.

14. Where to carry the tick for analysis?

Any hospital with an infectious disease doctor.You can also contact the medical center for the study of the epidemiological situation in the region. You can see the nearest laboratories on the Encephalitis.ru website.

For example, in Moscow, you can take a tick for analysis at the Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology. In St. Petersburg – to the laboratory of the Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology.

15. Is it obligatory?

Desirable. If the tick is infectious, you can quickly begin treatment.

If it is impossible to make an analysis, monitor your health and if you feel unwell, go to the doctor.

16. If the tick falls off, will I be able to understand that it bit me?

It will be difficult . The bite site will turn into a red bump: mosquitoes leave exactly the same ones. True, you will not itch.

So just in case, watch your condition.

17. Is it true that ticks should be feared only in May and June, and then they are full and do not bite?

No, this is a myth. A bloodsucker can bite and transmit infection at any time in its life, even in cold weather, when the parasite is less active than usual.

Olga Polyakova

General practitioner

In winter, ticks hide from the cold underground. They creep out when the air warms up to 8 ° C. That is, parasites are active from about March to November.

18. When is a bite most dangerous?

It does not depend on the season or other conditions. If the tick is infected, then the bite is always dangerous.

19. Where can you stumble upon a tick?

Ixodids are mainly found in forests, fields, parks and gardens.But you can pick up the parasite in the grass near the house. According to Georgy Budarkevich, the probability is small, but still there. Sometimes animals bring parasites into the yard.

20. Can ticks fly or fall from trees?

No, ticks don’t fly, they don’t have wings. And do not fall from the trees. scientists have been talking about this for a long time.

21. Is it true that ticks mostly sit along paths?

Not really. Ticks can be anywhere. But they prefer warm and humid places, often crawl in bushes and grass, love the edges of paths and undergrowth.

22. Can a tick live in my house?

The parasite can get into the apartment if you bring it on your clothes or if it falls from your pet.

But the bloodsucker will not last long, he needs moisture and soil. In the apartment, he will quickly die.

Georgy Budarkevich

certified rescuer

23. Is it possible to somehow protect yourself from ticks?

Yes, you can. When going on a hike or a walk in the woods, wear thick, long sleeved clothing.

Treat clothing, footwear and equipment with 0.5% permethrin solution. You can buy it at the pharmacy. If the solution itself is not found, ask for a head lice spray containing permethrin.

On the body, apply a repellent with picardine, diethyltoluamide or lemon eucalyptus oil. Just read the instructions carefully.

24. Will home remedies help?

Experts believe that home remedies are best not used, they are unlikely to help.

25. If you spray with a repellent or permethrin, will the tick surely not bite?

The effectiveness of repellents and permethrin depends on the type of mite, air temperature, perspiration and even physical activity.Therefore, it cannot be said that they will 100% protect you from parasites.

26. What do ixodid ticks feed on until they reach humans?

Animal blood. To live , the parasite needs a host. Depending on the stage of development of the tick, rodents, birds, larger animals such as hares, deer, domestic dogs and cats can be its breadwinner.

In winter, most ticks do without food, at sub-zero temperatures they are inactive.

27. Are mites dangerous for animals?

Very.Ticks carry and spread ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, borreliosis, piroplasmosis. Dogs often die from the latter. Therefore, parasites from animals must also be removed. If after the bite the pet does not feel well – does not eat, looks lethargic and tired, take him to the veterinarian.

28. Does the tick die after being bitten?

No, the bloodsucker does not die after being bitten. This is another myth.

29. How long does a tick live?

Always different, depending on how often the parasite feeds.But usually is about 3 years old.

30. Can a female mite lay eggs on the skin?

This is hardly possible. The female lays eggs under the bark of trees.

Read also 🧐

Pampas deer where

PAMPAS deer (Odocoileus bezoarcticus) are often distinguished into a special genus or subgenus Ozotoceros, noticeably smaller than swamp deer and not so tall: its body length is 110— 130 cm 70-75 cm, weight 30-40 kg.The horns of the males are small, usually bearing three tines. The middle hooves are narrow and the lateral hooves are small and set high. The coat is slightly wavy, thin, with a thick undercoat. A strip of elongated hair runs down the middle of the back. Forms 3 subspecies. In the past, the pampas deer was common in the pampas of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay; at present, deer has disappeared from most regions or has become a very rare deer. The pampas deer of one subspecies (O. b. Color) is on the verge of complete extinction: only one private reserve in the province of Buenos Aires has a small herd.It lives in dry open grassy pampas, which are now being plowed up intensively, which entails a reduction in its range, since this deer lives only in the virgin steppe. It is carried in pairs or small family groups. Differs in a strong garlic odor, which is secreted by the interdigital glands. Biologically interesting in that the male during the rut always keeps only with one female and both parents raise and actively protect the young. This is one of the rare cases of monogamy in deer. In different parts of the range it reproduces at different times: in Argentina, juveniles appear in April, in Paraguay – in May – June, in other places – in October and January.The fawn is always born alone, chocolate-colored, with four whitish rows of spots. In case of danger, the mother removes the predator, posing as lame. The male runs around, distracts the attention of the pursuer, and sometimes rushes at the enemy.

The pampas deer belongs to the artiodactyl order, the deer family. It lives in South America in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. Habitats include savannas, wetlands, and flat areas with annual flooding cycles.The habitat is steadily declining due to human agricultural activities. This affects the number, which is about 80 thousand adults. The largest number of animals lives in Brazil.

[edit] Behavior and lifestyle

Pampas deer live in dry grassy pampas, which today are being plowed intensively, which entails a reduction in the range. They are predominantly sedentary. Pampas deer live in small groups, rarely exceeding 5-6 individuals.[2] Solitary animals are very common. Adult members of one flock are free to move to another flock. They are distinguished by a strong garlic smell, which is secreted by the interdigital glands. During the rut, males always keep with only one female. This is one of the rare cases of monogamy in deer. [1] In different parts of the range, they breed at different times: in Argentina, juveniles appear in April, in Paraguay – in May-June, elsewhere – in October and January. The fawn is always born alone, chocolate-colored, with four whitish rows of spots.In case of danger, the mother removes the predator, posing as lame. The male runs around, distracts the attention of the pursuer, and sometimes rushes at the enemy. [1]

What do red deer eat?

The basis of the diet of red deer is vegetation. The diet may include cereals and legumes. The choice of food depends on the season and habitat. In winter, if the snow is low enough, deer fall for fallen leaves, plant stems and bark of shrubs. Periodically eat the needles of trees. A great food for deer is acorns, which they find under the snow.The summer diet is replacing the winter diet. In warm periods, deer prefer protein foods. Protein helps restore strength and vitamins after winter. Red deer need salt. To restore the salt balance, the deer go to the salt lick. Sometimes they gnaw on the earth, which is rich in minerals and salt.

[edit] Distribution and population size

The pampas deer is distributed mainly in western, northern and central Argentina, eastern Bolivia, central and southern Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.[2] Until 1800, the species was abundant throughout the grasslands of South America. Currently, pampas deer live, as a rule, in small, isolated populations. The largest populations are found in Brazil, in the northeast of the Cerrada ecosystem, where about 2,000 Pampas deer live, and in the Pantanal, where 20-40 thousand deer live. [2] In the state of Parana, a small population of about 100 pampas deer has been discovered. Uruguay has two main populations: El Tarado with 800 animals and Los Ajos with 300 deer]].[2] At the beginning of this century, about 500,000 km² of habitat was available to pampas deer in Argentina. However, today only three small populations of these animals remain: in Corrientes (about 170 individuals), in the province of São Luis (about 800-1,000 individuals) and in the coastal areas of Bahía de Samborombom (about 200 individuals). [ 2]

Rut

The herd of red deer consists of 3-6 individuals, sometimes their number increases. The herd consists of an adult female and her cubs from several previous years.The rut begins in the fall. During this period, males organize harems from a certain number of females, whose number can be from two to twenty. The roar of deer can be heard for about a month, it spreads very far, for several kilometers. The voice of a roaring deer includes a wide variety of sounds, from hoarse to low and drawn out, reminiscent of mooing. The most accurate definition of a deer roar is a “trumpet voice”, it is the sound of a trumpet that is closest to the sound of the voice of a red deer. The appearance of a roaring deer was portrayed by artists in the paintings: a head thrown over its back with luxurious horns, hooves scattering the ground – all this is characteristic of these animals.During the rutting period, fights between males are possible, thanks to which animals establish primacy.

Opponents collide with horns, trying to knock each other down. Weaker males quickly leave the battlefield. You can find out whether a male is strong or weak, not only by his appearance, but even by his voice. The stronger and more experienced deer have a hoarse and low voice, while the younger and weaker deer have a higher and clear voice. Fights rarely end tragically, although there were cases when the males broke their horns, or were so intertwined with them that they could not disengage themselves and simply died of hunger.Males are ready for breeding at the age of 5-6 years. Females become sexually mature earlier – by three years, sometimes even earlier. Pregnancy lasts 8.5 months, the calves are born in the warm season.

Calving takes place in secluded places. Females give birth, as a rule, to one calf, rarely two. The color of the little fawn is spotty, very helpful for its camouflage. At first, this is the main protection of the fawn. They begin to feed on their own at the age of one month, but in parallel with the grass they suck the female, sometimes up to one year of age.A year later, in young males, tubercles begin to appear on the forehead, which later turn into luxurious horns. Although the first horns will not have branches and will be shed in the spring. With each subsequent year, the number of outgrowths on the horns will increase, and the horns themselves will become more powerful and stronger. They reach their largest sizes at the age of males from 5 to 12 years, then they become smaller every year, weaker, the number of processes decreases. The antlers are shed in March – April, sometimes, in warm winters, in January – February.Antlers ossify in July – August.

Cortaderia varieties

More than 20 varieties of pampas grass are currently known. In decorative floriculture, Cortaderia Sello is cultivated, on the basis of which several hybrid varieties have been bred.

Caring for Dracaena Marginata at home

Plants are usually divided into several varieties: white, pink, striped. The most interesting varieties are the white varieties :

  • Pumila Sunningdale Silver.Up to three meters high with silvery panicle inflorescences;
  • Monster. With gray, whitish and yellowish inflorescences;
  • Patagonia. The variety has bluish leaves and yellowish flowers. The flowering period begins very late.
  • White Feather. Reaches two meters in height, has lush white flowers.

Also, white varieties Lilliput, Evita, Senor are popular among gardeners .

There are known varieties with pink, red and lilac inflorescences: Sunningdale Silver Highfield Pink, Carminea Rendatleri, Scarlet Wonder, Rendatleri, Pink feather.Plant height reaches 3.5 meters, leaves can have a grayish-bluish color.

The striped varieties include Silver Comet, Notcor, Ice Cool . A distinctive feature of plants is the presence of a white or yellow stripe in the center of the leaf. The inflorescences can be colored silver. Yellow or milky white.

A very rare species of Cortaderia Jubata, which can grow up to seven meters.

Into the forest and beyond the fence?

The task over which you will break your head is how to unload the pastures of Yamal, give time to the reindeer moss to recover, while also trying to preserve the reindeer population as much as possible? Scientists from the Scientific Center for the Study of the Arctic have developed a map of reindeer pastures that helps to rationally distribute the remaining feeding areas between animals, calculating their ability to feed a strictly defined number of stag beetles.Reindeer are planned to be driven to richer areas, using country and taiga reindeer husbandry. This is when part of the deer graze behind the fence and on the forage base of the forests. At the same time, the reindeer are still harvested and given additional food. As noted by Sergei Zuev, researcher in the regional studies sector of the Scientific Center for the Study of the Arctic, this method of management will not be an absolute panacea for the death of animals either. But it will still allow you to save a significant part of the livestock.

As an element of control over where the reindeer herders drive their herds to feed, scientists suggest installing GPS sensors to the leaders of the reindeer herds so that they can track where this or that herd is now grazing.

Meanwhile, reindeer herders doubt the effectiveness of the new schemes.

– How can a tundra deer be turned into a forest deer, as a deer that has always eaten lichen will begin to eat other types of food? – asks the hereditary reindeer breeder Nina Jande.

Meanwhile, as noted by scientists from the Institute of Ecology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the pre-slaughter weight of deer in recent years has dropped from 60 to 40 kg. Reindeer are now calving in Yamal. And as experts say, almost every tenth newborn dies.All this is a consequence of the fact that the animals are extremely weak.

Plant care

The growing popularity is due to the unpretentiousness of the plant, and ease of maintenance. Whims are alien to her, she is tenacious and has few requirements.

Lighting

This is one of the main points of care for pampas grass. She needs the most sunny garden area . The more sun the better. Due to its unique ability to adapt, pampas grass can grow in the shade, but in such conditions it will not be able to grow to large sizes.

Soil and dressing

Soil and its composition do not matter . For this representative of the flora, sand, clay, any acidity of the soil and even stone are suitable. Fertile garden soil and loamy soil are equally suitable. If there is a well-executed drainage in the hole, then there are no more requirements.

One application of complex mineral fertilizer per year (in spring) is quite enough.

Watering

This exotic beauty will even survive drought without any problems. This is due to the very long root system that can reach deep groundwater. But an abundant “drink” will not be superfluous, but rather – will be beneficial. If precipitation has not been pleasing for a long time, then they bring from 17 to 20 liters of water under each bush twice a week.

Pruning and wintering

No special requirements. Sanitary molding is carried out once a season: old dried branches are removed. It is important to consider how quickly the bush grows, and, if possible, install a fence for it.In addition to the aerial part, the root system is also prone to strong branching. Shortening of the root in spring helps to prevent the “capture” of the territory. If desired, the gardener can give the planting a more accurate shape. Care should be taken when pruning and work with gloves, because the leaves are sharp and can be injured.

In regions with a mild climate and relatively warm winters, you should not worry about the plant. But, if a cold cyclone is approaching, then it is worth taking care of additional shelter.This can be a net built around the grass, on which dry leaves and straw are poured. If you live in places with a cold climate, then the cortaderia can be planted in a large flowerpot, and with the onset of cold weather, it can be brought onto a warmed veranda. In the spring, a resident of the garden can return to his chosen place.

Pests

Spider mite

Another advantage is resistance to diseases and uninvited guests – insects. Powdery mildew and spider mites are rare.The affected parts are cut off, and the healthy ones are treated with special chemicals. Timely preventive treatment will help to avoid such an unpleasant situation.

Surinamese pipa – description, structure and photo

The appearance of the Surinamese pipa is rather unusual. The almost quadrangular body is 12-20 cm long and is so flattened that it often resembles a piece of parchment or a rotten leaf of a tree. Moreover, males are smaller than females and have a more flattened body. The head of the Surinamese pipa is triangular in shape, also strongly flattened.The protruding eyes are very tiny, devoid of eyelids, located almost near the mouth.

Photo author: Sahaquiel9102

From its closest relatives, clawed frogs, the Surinamese pipa is distinguished by the complete absence of teeth. Pipa’s tongue is also not observed. In front of the eyes and in the corners of the mouth, this amphibian has patches of skin that look a bit like tentacles.

A distinctive feature of the male Surinamese pipa is the characteristic triangular bony capsule in the pharynx region.

The body of the Surinamese pipa is covered with rough, wrinkled skin of a yellowish, gray or blackish-brown color. The belly of the amphibian is colored somewhat lighter, sometimes decorated with white spots or a black stripe running along the belly.

The skin on the dorsum of adult pip is folded and wrinkled, and in older females it may have a cellular surface.

Taken from the site: animals.sandiegozoo.org

The front paws of the Surinamese pipa are distinguished by four long toes, devoid of claws and membranes.At the end of each toe, star-like appendages grow, which is why the pipu is often referred to as a star-fingered finger. This structure of the forelimbs allows the animal to deftly rake the muddy bottom and get something edible from there.

The hind legs of the pipa, like those of most frogs or toads, are very strong, much thicker than the forelegs and are endowed with swimming membranes.

Photo by: Christophe cagé

Surinamese pip also emit an unpleasant odor, reminiscent of hydrogen sulfide vapor.

Difference Between Fleas and Ticks – Difference Between

Difference Between 2021

Key difference: Fleas are tiny, wingless, parasitic insects that live and feed on the blood of humans, dogs, cats, and other animals. They are mobile, usually dark in color with tubular ro

Contents:

Key difference: Fleas are tiny, wingless, parasitic insects that live and feed on the blood of humans, dogs, cats, and other animals.They are mobile, usually dark in color, with tubular mouthparts adapted to feed on the blood of their hosts. On the other hand, ticks are tiny wingless ectoparasites belonging to the arachnid class, the same class as spiders. There are different types of ticks such as American deer ticks, sheep ticks and cattle ticks.

Both fleas and ticks are parasitic infestations that can often bother people: adults and children, as well as animals.Parasites are highly specialized in nature and highly adaptable to their environment, hosts, and the host’s lifestyle.

Fleas are tiny, wingless, parasitic insects that live and feed on the blood of humans, dogs, cats and other animals. They are mobile, usually dark in color, with tubular mouthparts adapted to feed on the blood of their hosts. Their legs are long, the rear pair is well adapted for jumping: the flea can jump vertically up to 7 inches (18 cm) and horizontally up to 13 inches (33 cm).Fleas usually have a reddish brown flat body shape.

Fleas commonly infect dogs and cats, but can also be found on humans and other available animals, especially if there is no slight excess of dogs or cats or cats and dogs have been moved out of the house.

In addition, fleas leave a series of bites as they feed. Bites usually result in a slightly raised, swollen, itchy patch with a single puncture point in the center that looks like a mosquito bite. The bites often appear as clusters or lines of two bites and can remain itchy and inflamed for several weeks.

On the other hand, ticks are tiny wingless ectoparasites belonging to the arachnid class, in the same class as spiders. There are different types of ticks such as American deer ticks, sheep ticks and cattle ticks. Ticks can be classified into three families: Ixodidae (hard ticks), Argasidae (soft ticks), and Nuttalliellidae. Hard mites often have a small hard shell at the back of the mouth. They are common throughout the world, usually in warm, wooded and humid environments.Ticks require a certain amount of moisture in the air for metamorphosis. Ticks do not spend their entire lives on a single host and depend on multiple hosts from different species for food.

Ticks are divided into two main divisions: the anterior surrender and the posterior idiosome. The anterior surrender contains the head and mouth of the ticks, while the posterior idiosome contains the legs, stomach, and reproductive organs. Like all arachnids, ticks have eight legs. They have a two-year life cycle during which they can infect up to three hosts.To attach to the host, mites climb onto the ends of leaves, plants and shrubs and wait for the host to pass them. They then join the host and find a suitable feeding spot, which involves a journey through the body. They also like shaded areas such as ears, hair, inner arms, etc. After the mites are full, they fall off the person and hide until they need other nourishment for metamorphosis.

Ticks feed by inserting their ticks into the host and releasing an anticoagulant to prevent blood clogging.An anticoagulant is something that often causes bumps and itching. Ticks cannot jump or fly and usually crawl to get anywhere. Their feet also contain a unique sense organ known as Haller’s organ, which can detect odors and chemical changes in the host’s skin. Ticks are considered dangerous because they are known to spread disease and pathogens to the host. In addition, since they do not spend their entire lives bonding to one host, they can often spread germs and diseases from one host to another.

The main difference between fleas and ticks is that fleas are insects and ticks are arachnids. However, both feed on human and animal blood. Ticks usually attack individually and especially from the outside, while fleas usually lead to infestations that can spread throughout the house and / or yard. The following table shows a detailed comparison between fleas and ticks.

90 386

fleas

: Ixodidae, Argasidae and Nuttalliellidae.Ixodidae have about 700 families, and Argasidae have more than 190 species. Nuttalliellidae has only one characteristic.

Fleas

Pliers

Kingdom

Animalia

Animalia

phylum

arthropods

arthropods

classroom

Insecta

arachnids

Subclass

Pterygota

Acari

superorder

insects with complete transformation

Parasitiformes

order

Siphonaptera

Ixodida

900 04 species

More than 2000 species, including:

Cat flea

Dog flea

Human flea

Sea flea

Northern rat fleas

Eastern rat

Nature

Insect parasite

Parasite – small arachnid

Description

Blood

Fleas and insects that live on tiny, pitiful insects dogs, cats and other animals. They are mobile, usually dark in color, with tubular mouthparts adapted to feed on the blood of their hosts.Their legs are long, the rear pair is well adapted for jumping: the flea can jump vertically up to 7 inches (18 cm) and horizontally up to 13 inches (33 cm).

The mite bodies are divided into two parts: the anterior surrender and the posterior idiosome. The former contains parts of the head and mouth, while the latter contains the legs, stomach, and reproductive organs. Ticks have eight legs, like all arachnids. Ticks have four living stages: egg, six-legged larva, eight-legged nymph, and adult.

Affects

Fleas prefer to live on dogs and cats, but can also be found on humans and other available animals, especially if there is no slight excess of dogs or cats.

Ticks attach them to hosts only when they require feeding and fall after feeding is complete. They often attach to and feed on animals, birds and mammals.

Causes

Fleas breed near the host’s resting and sleeping areas, in dust, dirt, debris, cracks in floors or walls, carpets, animal burrows and bird nests. High humidity is required for development. The larvae feed on organic matter such as the host’s feces, small dead insects, and undigested blood thrown away by adult fleas.Adults go out at night and feed the blood of humans or animals.

Ticks attach themselves to leaves, plants, shrubs, etc., while waiting for the arrival of the host. Once the host passes the tick, it will firmly attach itself to the host before finding a good feeding spot. They are often found on the arms, abdomen, behind the ears and hairs. They can also spread from clothing to skin or from animals to people.

Risk factors

The flea species usually does not remain on a person after feeding, and during the day he rests in cracks, crevices, carpets and bedding.Hence, it can be difficult to find and pinpoint a flea infestation. In addition, eggs may hatch a few weeks after laying and begin infestation again.

The greatest risk of acquiring ticks in addition to blood loss is that ticks can spread disease rapidly. When they attach to a host, they insert their mouth into the skin and can also leave pathogens behind. They can also secrete a substance that prevents the host from knowing that it is feeding.

symptoms

Their bites can cause irritation, severe discomfort and blood loss.

Their bites can cause irritation, severe discomfort and blood loss.

Severity

Severe symptoms may include hives, severe itching, small bumps that itch and may bleed, and / or allergic reactions to flea saliva leading to rash and / or impotence.

Ticks can leave pathogens in the body, making the body vulnerable to disease. They can also lead to tremendous blood loss if the infection increases.

prevention

There is no effective way to prevent fleas. However, it is easier to deal with and get rid of fleas earlier than later. There are two main ways to deal with the problem: try to keep any stage of the pest from entering the home, and keep immature stages from maturing in adults.For prophylaxis in pets, use a flea comb on your cat or dog and wash your bedding weekly.

Avoid entering contaminated areas. Be fully clothed if you need to go out. Wear light-colored clothing as mites may be more visible on them. Preventive clothing also includes socks, sturdy shoes, and hats.

Treatment

An effective repellent applied to skin and clothing, prevents fleas for several hours.Rubbing clothing with insecticide powder or using insecticide-soaked clothing, keeping homes and floors clean, treating floors with detergents, insecticides, or naphthalene in benzene, and spraying or spraying insecticides on cracks and crevices, corners of rooms and areas where fleas and their larvae can happen.

Apply insect repellent containing 10 to 30% DEET, especially to clothing. Thoroughly check clothing, skin, and hair for mites.If ticks are crawling on clothing, remove them with tape; do not touch them with bare hands. If the tick begins to feed, use tweezers to take it as close to your head as possible and pull it straight out, do not wiggle or move from side to side. Wash and clean the bitten area and apply an antiseptic.

diseases

Fleas can act as carriers of diseases. Fleas transmit not only various viral, bacterial and rickettsial diseases to humans and other animals, but also protozoa and helminths.

Ticks are known to cause certain diseases such as Colorado tick fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, African tick fever, tularemia, recurrent tick fever, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, tick paralysis and tick-borne encephalopathy.

When to see a doctor

If the person experiences any serious reaction to flea bites or if the bites are persistent and refuse to heal or go away.

If itching and redness persist or any other symptoms appear after a tick bite. It is best to show the doctor that pathogens have been released into the system.

Zoological Museum – Insect Collection

The exposition begins with the most ancient and primitive insects, which include two-tails, insects and springtails . These are very small, wingless creatures that usually live in the soil and rarely show up.More than 11,000 species are known. The most famous are springtails, or collembolans. Most springtails have a special organ on their abdomen – a jumping fork, with which they can make sharp jumps. Recently, it has been established that two-tailed, insectless and springtails are actually closer to millipedes than to other insects, and therefore they are now often isolated from insects into independent classes.
The wingless bristle-tails , outwardly similar to small centipedes, also lead a hidden lifestyle.They live under stones, in the forest floor, among the rocks. They feed mainly on organic residues. In total, almost 6,000 species of these insects have been described. One of them is a nimble, silvery sugar beetle – a harmless inhabitant of damp places in houses and city apartments.

Unlike these originally wingless insects, everyone else has wings, or at least once had their ancestors. Therefore, all such insects are called winged, although many of them living in our time, in fact, do not have wings.The most primitive winged ones are mayflies , of which more than 3,000 species are known. The exhibition includes 20 species of these insects. Mayfly larvae live in water for quite a long time and breathe with external gills. They are fed by algae, plant remains, silt, only a few of them are predators. Adult mayflies have two pairs of transparent wings and fly awkwardly. They often very unexpectedly appear in whole clouds near water bodies, but usually they also suddenly disappear, because they live very shortly, some only for one day or even less – only a few hours.

Outwardly and in way of life, they are similar to mayflies dragonflies , but they are all voracious predators and wonderful flyers. Dragonfly larvae, like mayflies, live in water. They have an unusual lower lip, similar to a muscular arm, which can be thrown forward sharply to capture prey. In total, more than 5 600 species of dragonflies are known, especially in the tropics. The exhibition features 65 species. Dragonflies are divided into 2 suborders: Homoptera and Unequiptera.Homoptera include smaller species that at rest raise their wings above the abdomen. These are our usual very graceful, metal-colored lutki, similar to them, but without the metallic sheen of the arrows, very beautiful, with dark blue beauty wings and others. Larger species belong to unequal-winged dragonflies, which at rest keep their wings spread. These include very fast and dexterous grandfathers, grandmothers, as well as the largest of our dragonflies – rocker arms.

stoneflies can be seen next to dragonflies.The larvae of stoneflies also live in water, feed on plant food or are predators. Adult insects do not eat anything at all, fly badly and reluctantly, and some of them even completely lost their wings and outwardly are almost indistinguishable from their larvae. Experts count about 3,500 species of these insects, which live mainly in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. The exposition shows 27 species.

Cockroaches is an ancient group of terrestrial insects that arose more than 250 million years ago, and in the past there were so many cockroaches that they prevailed over all other insects.There are about 4,500 species of modern cockroaches (40 species can be seen on display). All of them are thermophilic, and therefore are especially numerous in tropical and subtropical forests. Some tropical cockroaches
reach a length of 12 cm. Cockroaches fly badly, but many run quite fast.

Next to the cockroaches, in the same showcase and partly in the next, there are praying mantises . These are large predatory insects of a very characteristic appearance.First of all, their highly developed grasping front legs, armed with powerful spines and capable of folding like scissors, are striking. With them, praying mantises seize their prey, mainly all kinds of insects, but some large species can attack even small birds, lizards and frogs. In total, more than 2,300 species have been described, mainly from the tropics and subtropics. The exhibition includes 26 species of praying mantises.

In the next 4 showcases there are Orthoptera .More than 23,600 species of these insects are known (190 species are shown in the exhibition), very diverse in shape, but usually easily recognizable by their long, jumping hind legs with thickened thighs. Such legs allow Orthoptera to make huge jumps at a distance sometimes 20 times the length of their body.
Another feature of Orthoptera is that most of them have special sound and auditory organs, thanks to which they can make and perceive sounds. Orthoptera are divided into 2 suborders: long-wattled and short-wattled.The former include grasshoppers and crickets, the latter – filly and various types of locusts. Long-whiskers and short-whiskers differ from each other not only in the length of the whiskers, but also in how they chirp and where they have the organs of hearing. Although both, while singing, actually play the violin, grasshoppers and crickets do this by rubbing one wing against the other, and locusts and filly – by running the inner jagged surface of the hind legs along one of the veins on the front wings. The organs of hearing in both groups are similarly arranged, but in grasshoppers and crickets they are located on the front legs near the knees, and in fillies and locusts – at the base of the abdomen.Almost all Orthoptera are excellently camouflaged. Grasshoppers were especially successful in this. Some of them are so similar to the leaves of plants or their fruits that in the natural environment they are not distinguishable even from the closest distance. The giant among insects on display – the greenish grasshopper from Australia and New Zealand – belongs to such invisible imitators. Orthoptera, capable of uniting in huge swarms, are called locusts. Not all Orthoptera can jump. So, bears that are not similar to anyone else belong to the Long-wattled Orthoptera.Their front legs are shaped like those of a mole and are very well adapted to locomotion underground. Bears come to the surface only at night, the rest of the time they spend in their burrows. Despite the clumsy appearance, the bears are very mobile and fly well.

The representatives of order , earwigs , can be immediately recognized by two tick-like processes at the end of the abdomen and short leathery elytra. Ticks serve earwigs mainly for protection, less often they are used to attack small insects.They feed on plant foods or are predators. Some species take care of their offspring – having built a nest in the soil, the female lays eggs there and remains there, guarding the nest from enemies, until the larvae come out completely, which she herself then feeds. This order is relatively small – it includes about 2,000 species, living mainly in tropical countries. There are 16 species of earwigs on display, among which the Australian colossus earwig stands out for its very large size.

Next to earwigs, in the same showcase, there are stick insects , of which more than 2,800 species are known.In the exposition you can see 18 species of this order. Stick insects are widespread mainly in tropical countries. These are undoubtedly one of the most unusual insects in their appearance. With the exception of the spherical head and the almost square first segment of the chest, all other parts of the body are strongly elongated and, moreover, often bear various growths in the form of spines, tubercles, or serrated plates. Because of this, stick insects look very similar to twigs, twigs, pieces of bark covered with lichens, and plant leaves.Naturally, stick insects have no equal in their ability to disguise. No wonder they are also called ghostly. Despite the fact that, basically, these are large insects and some of them reach a length of 40 cm, it is very difficult to notice them in nature. Stick insects are also helped by their special behavior. Stick insects not only move very slowly, but are also capable of falling into a state of waxy immobility, that is, freezing for a long time in one, sometimes very bizarre, pose.The whole life of stick insects passes on plants. There they find not only shelter, but also food, since all stick insects are herbivorous.

The exposition shows 2 representatives of the squad , very poor in species, embiy
(about 460 species are described in total). These heat-loving and moisture-loving insects are able to secrete by the glands on their front legs a silk thread from which tubular, usually highly branched galleries are spun.In these galleries, located in secluded places, embii live in groups.

They stand out sharply among the relatively small and inconspicuous representatives of order isoptera proboscis
large song cicadas. Some of them reach a wingspan of almost 20 cm. Cicadas are interesting, first of all, because they are the loudest of all insects. The sounds emitted by some tropical species can only be compared in strength and harshness with the shrill whistle of a steam locomotive.Unlike the “violin” singing of Orthoptera, the singing of cicadas is similar to a sharp drum roll, since the sounds are formed as a result of the vibrations of the two eardrums located at the base of the abdomen. Cicadas feed on plant sap, sucking it out with the help of a sharp, articulated proboscis. Cicada larvae live in the ground for several years. In one North American species, development stretches for as much as 17 years.

In two showcases next to the cicadas there are bugs , or hemiptera.This order includes about 30,000 species, the exposition shows 274 species. Bed bugs live in all countries, but most of them are in the tropics. Outwardly, bugs resemble beetles, but, in reality, these insects are the closest relatives of Homoptera proboscis, including cicadas. Like cicadas, all bugs have a sharp piercing proboscis, and can only eat liquid food, which they suck through this proboscis into their stomach. Unlike cicadas, among bugs there are not only herbivorous forms, but also many predators and parasites.Basically, bugs are land insects, although there are many that constantly live in the water. The largest of the bugs, the giant tropical belostomatids, also belong to aquatic inhabitants.
They are very formidable predators that feed on fish fry and tadpoles. Bread bug turtles are dangerous pests of cereals. The flour made from the grains that these bugs ate are completely unsuitable for baking.

Beetles
– the largest order among insects, numbering about 360,000 species.The museum displays about 2,400 species, which occupy a significant part of the entire exhibition of insects. All beetles have a strong, as if chained in armor, body. Their front wings are transformed into strong elytra. Gnawing mouth organs. Beetle larvae are very unlike adult insects. To turn into a beetle, they must go through an intermediate stage – a pupa, which is motionless and does not eat anything. Such a transformation is called complete and it is characteristic not only for beetles, but also for all other insects, which will be discussed below.In the variety of shapes, sizes and colors, beetles are unmatched. The lifestyle of beetles is also very different. Among them are predators, herbivores, parasites, corpse eaters; there are running, jumping, crawling, burrowing and floating forms, and most of them still fly well. Among the predators, the most numerous and famous are ground beetles, of which there are about 30,000 species. Their coloration is mostly dark or metallic, and the body is slender with long legs that are well suited for running. In most species, all life takes place on the surface of the soil.During the day they hide in all kinds of shelters or simply burrow into the ground, and at night they tirelessly scamper along the ground in search of prey: insects, worms and mollusks. Ground beetles are very useful, as they destroy many pests of agriculture and forestry. Ground beetles-bombardiers, when in danger, secrete a special substance from the abdomen, which explodes in the air with a sharp pop, reminiscent of a shot. These blank shots prove to be a very effective defense. Thanks to them, bombardiers can scare away not only other beetles or ants, but also such predators as praying mantises and large spiders.Predatory swimming beetles are very well adapted for life in water. Their body is streamlined, long hind legs are like oars. Under water, diving beetles breathe with a supply of air, which they gain under the elytra, exposing the end of the abdomen from the water. Stag beetles, or deer beetles, have the most spectacular appearance among beetles.
These are mainly tropical, very large insects with highly developed upper jaws – “horns” in males. Stag beetles use them for protection in times of danger, as well as in skirmishes with each other, mainly because of females.Dung beetles feeding on animal droppings are very numerous and varied. The most famous among them are scarabs. Some tropical beetles such as Hercules, Megasomes, Goliaths
Many woodcutters, which can be seen in display cases, reach a length of 10-15 cm. Although they are inferior in length to some stick insects, they are undoubtedly the most massive and heaviest insects. It is curious that tiny feather-winged beetles are the smallest not only among beetles, but among all insects in general.Some of their types do not exceed 0.2 mm in length and could easily fly through the eye of a needle. The click beetles are very unusual in their behavior, capable of making sharp jumps with the help of a special jumping apparatus located on the chest. Leaf beetles are brightly colored, which, like their larvae, feed on plant leaves. One of the most dangerous pests of potatoes, the Colorado potato beetle, also belongs to leaf beetles. In beetles from the pipe-runner family, the larvae develop in the leaves of trees rolled into a tube.These tubes are rolled up by females, having previously made 2 incisions on the sheet. The family of weevils is very abundant in species, which are immediately recognizable by the elongated proboscis on the head. It is no coincidence that another name for these beetles is elephants. There are about 40,000 known species of these herbivorous beetles in the world. Usually these are not very large insects, but some of them, for example, the large palm weevil, which greatly damages palm trees in tropical countries, reaches a length of 6 cm.

Order Hymenoptera can compete with beetles in terms of its numbers.It already includes about 145,000 species (735 on display), but their actual number is much larger. Indeed, many species of this order still remain undescribed.
Hymenoptera are striking not so much by the richness of their shapes and sizes as by their surprisingly complex behavior.
They are called Hymenoptera for the pair of thin, transparent wings found in most species.
The most primitive hymenoptera belong to the suborder sessile belly.So they are called for the fact that their abdomen is connected to the chest with its entire wide base. On display they are represented by leaf-eating sawflies and wood-eating horn-tails.
In female sawflies, the ovipositor resembles a saw. With its help, they saw holes in plant tissues and lay their eggs there.
In females of horn-tails, the ovipositor is similar to a long, straight horn.
Horntail works like a drill and can make a hole in even the toughest wood.All other Hymenoptera belong to the suborder stalk-bellied. Their abdomen is connected to the chest by a thin waist, sometimes strongly elongated in the form of a thin stalk. Among them, a large group is made up of parasites parasitizing various insects, ticks and spiders. Most wasps are not very large, and some are quite crumbs, since they develop not inside insects, but in their eggs. The most highly developed Hymenoptera with complex behavior belong to the stinging group.These are wasps, ants, bees and bumblebees known to everyone. In all these insects, the ovipositor is turned into a special organ of defense and attack – a sting. By way of life, stinging hymenoptera are very diverse, but everyone takes care of their offspring. So, burrowing wasps are solitary hunters, feeding their offspring paralyzed or killed by insects and spiders. Bumblebees, ants, many wasps and bees live in large families, consisting, in most cases, of the offspring of one female. In the museum, you can see a giant nest of the South American polybial wasp, which was shown back in the Peter’s Kunstkamera.

Representatives of three small closely related orders are located next to the Hymenoptera in the exposition: large-winged, camel and retinoptera. All three orders are characterized by gnawing mouth organs and two pairs of mesh wings.
The archaic order of large-winged animals includes about 330 species (3 are shown in the exposition) of rather large insects, whose predatory larvae develop in water. The most famous representatives of large-winged – corridors – have very strongly developed jaws, and their wingspan reaches 18 cm.

Camels are very similar to big-winged ones in many ways, but their larvae are terrestrial and usually develop under the bark of trees. About 220 species of these insects are known in the world fauna (4 species are on display).

More numerous are retinoptera . About 5,700 species are described (the exposition shows 61 species). All retina wing larvae are predators. They have long, curved jaws with hollow channels inside, through which the larvae first inject digestive juice into their prey, and then, through the same channels, suck in its semi-digested contents.The most famous of the retina-winged are lacewing and ant lions. Laceworms feed mainly on aphids and are therefore very useful. Adult ant lions are similar to dragonflies. Their larvae live in sandy places, where they lie in wait for their prey at the bottom of the cone-shaped hole dug by them. As a rule, their victims are ants running past, which the larvae knock down, firing at them with force of the thrown out grains of sand. Threadflies with very narrow and long hind wings are very peculiar.

Next to the retinoptera, in the same showcase, there are strange insects with a proboscis-like projection on the head and a pair of short hooks at the end of the abdomen, outwardly similar to them, but belonging to a different evolutionary branch.These are representatives of a very ancient, known since the Carboniferous period, order scorpion flies . There are about 700 species of them in the world (10 are shown in the exposition). Scorpion flies feed on various animal remains.

Representatives of order caddisflies have their wings covered with hairs, and therefore outwardly they look like butterflies. This is a relatively small order – about 13,000 species are known, 69 species are on display.These insects are notable primarily for their larvae that live in the water in special mobile houses. The houses are built by larvae from a variety of materials – grains of sand, pieces of plants, small shells. As a rule, each species makes a type of house that is characteristic only for it.

A very large detachment is made up of butterflies .There are at least 156,000 known species of them (the exposition shows 1,370 species). A characteristic feature of all butterflies is the presence of two pairs of large membranous wings covered, like tiles, with multi-colored scales. The long proboscis of butterflies is curled up into a spiral. These are, of course, the most beautiful of all insects. Among the butterflies, however, there are also many small nondescript insects called moths, from which the exhibition of butterflies begins. These include the well-known clothes moth, the caterpillars of which damage the clothes in our closet, as well as many other species, among which a significant part are pests of cultivated plants.Diurnal butterflies form a special systematic group. They fly during the day and are usually quite large and brightly colored. These butterflies are especially numerous in the tropics. The daytime species include the most beautiful species: graceful birdwings, the front wings of which are extended in the form of large narrow blades, magnificent sailboats with long processes on the hind wings, handsome Apollo with red eye spots on light wings, and many other butterflies. Among the diurnal butterflies of the middle lane, the most noticeable and numerous are multi-colored nymphalids, bluebirds, satyrs and whites.In the coloring of many daytime butterflies, in addition to colored pigments, optical effects obtained from the play of light rays on their peculiarly arranged wing scales are of great importance. As a result, the coloration of many species changes depending on the angle of incidence of the light. Especially striking in this respect are the very large South American morphid butterflies, whose wings shimmer with all shades of blue and blue.
All other butterflies are usually referred to as nocturnal, since they usually fly at night or at dusk, while during the day they rest in some secluded places.Numerous species of silkworms, peacock eyes, hawk moths, moths, and scoops are nocturnal. Many of them, for example, Indian wavy peacock eyes, artemis and lunar ones, are in no way inferior in beauty to daytime ones, and in size they often surpass them. The largest butterflies in the world, the tropical Atlantean peacock-eye from Southeast Asia and the scooped moth from South America, also belong to the moths. In wingspan, they reach 25-30 cm. The best flyers among butterflies are hawk moths.They fly swiftly, but they are also capable of hovering in the air in one place and sucking out nectar without sitting on flowers. Among the hawk moths, the dead head hawk moth stands out for its unusual pattern on the back in the form of a human skull.

The exposition of insects is completed by order Diptera , which includes various mosquitoes and flies. This is also a very large group, including more than 152,000 species (690 species are on display). As the name of the order implies, Diptera have only one – the front – pair of wings.A large movable head with very large eyes is equipped with a proboscis, with which these insects suck in liquid food. Diptera larvae are very characteristic – legless, and often headless. Diptera are divided into long-wattled and short-wattled. Long-wattled include mosquitoes and other insects similar to them. Their larvae usually develop in water or in very damp places. Females of many species must drink fresh blood before laying eggs. At the same time, pathogens of dangerous diseases can enter the host’s blood with saliva.So mosquitoes transmit from sick animals to healthy ones, as well as to humans, malaria, yellow fever, encephalitis. However, not all mosquitoes are bloodsuckers. For example, very large long-legged mosquitoes never bite and feed only on flower nectar.

Flies belong to short-tailed Diptera. They are excellently adapted to live in a wide variety of conditions, and, in this respect, are superior to all other insects. Some species of flies even manage to develop in a saturated solution of sodium chloride or puddles of oil spilled near boreholes.There are many among flies and bloodsuckers. Some of them, like mosquitoes, can transmit infectious diseases when bitten. The carrier of the terrible sleeping sickness in Africa is the famous tsetse fly. A related housefly, although it does not bite, is capable of spreading pathogens of more than a dozen dangerous diseases on its paws. Slender ktyri flies are predators. Their prey – various insects – they grab with tenacious paws right on the fly. Some of them are very large, for example, a giant knuckle, reaching a length of 5 cm.Bulavouski flies are also very large. In flies from the gadfly family, the mouth organs are underdeveloped. Gadflies are parasites in the body of mammals. Females of the sheep gadfly are viviparous, and on the fly they throw the larvae directly into the nostrils of the animals, where they develop. The appearance of bloodsucking flies is very peculiar. Their body is flattened and they look a bit like ticks. Females of bloodsuckers give birth to only one large larva, which practically immediately pupates. Some species do not have wings at all and spend their entire life crawling in the wool of mammals.There are many useful species among flies. Some, like hoverflies, are excellent pollinators. They are usually variegated, like wasps, colored and often found on flowers. Their larvae exterminate aphids.

There are also several biogroups in the entomological department. One of them shows the massive years of insects born on one of the warm moonless nights in the Primorsky Territory. The light attracts a wide variety of insects, and therefore here you can see many characteristic inhabitants of the Ussuri taiga: large brahmey and peacock-eyed butterflies, carnivorous ground beetles, deer beetles, brightly colored bugs and many other insects.

At the site of the tick bite pimple

What can a pimple or a bump after a tick bite talk about?

The mite is an arachnid insect that feeds on the blood of animals and humans.It lives on tall grass, low bushes, sometimes in trees. Most of the time he is waiting for a potential lunch. When an animal or a person passes by, he clings to wool, hair, clothing and thus penetrates closer to the body.

After an insect bite, most often, a pimple or a bump remains on the body. This is a natural reaction of the body to a bite, triggered by an allergic reaction. In addition, in the process of feeding, the mite releases toxins into the bloodstream, which can also cause such a response.If the bite site is intensively scratched (when any damage heals, the skin itches), then it turns into a small bump.

Unfortunately, a tick bite does not always go away without consequences. It often happens that an insect, having previously consumed the blood of an animal infected with any disease, itself becomes its carrier. When a person is bitten, it becomes infected. Unfortunately, often the tick is a carrier of such diseases, which, if untimely intervention, can lead to severe irreparable damage to the body or death.That is why, having noticed a pimple, a bump, a lump on your body, you should carefully consider it, and, if necessary, consult a doctor.

A bump after a tick bite may indicate the possibility of the following diseases.

Tick-borne encephalitis. In the event that a person becomes infected by a transmissible route (that is, through a tick bite), signs of the disease do not appear immediately, but after a while. The duration of the incubation period depends on the strength of the immune system of the infected person, and on the characteristics of his bodily organization.During this period, there is a strong increase in temperature, somatic weakness, headache, nausea, vomiting. A little later, a fever appears, impaired consciousness, muscle work, which indicates a destructive effect on the nervous system.

Encephalitis therapy is carried out individually. It depends on the level of damage to the body and its rehabilitation capabilities. There is no specific therapy in modern medicine. In any case, these symptoms are indications for compulsory hospitalization.

Lyme disease. It manifests itself in exactly the same general infectious symptoms as encephalitis. The only difference between them is that with this disease, a red spot appears at the site of the bite, which is caused by the expansion of the capillaries. This redness is prone to migrating, that is, moving from the bite to the periphery. It looks like growing circles.

Treatment takes a very long time. During this period, the body is constantly susceptible to the effects of antibiotics, which requires the appointment of compulsory concomitant therapy.

Typhus. The disease may not appear for up to two weeks. Symptoms come on suddenly and get worse quickly, so it’s worth responding quickly and effectively. There is a sharp rise in temperature, as a result – chills, fever, also headache, back neuralgia. Consciousness becomes cloudy, speech becomes incoherent, disorientation in time and space appears.

This disease often leads to the death of an infected person, but if you seek help in a timely manner, this outcome can be avoided.Treatment takes place within a few days with antibiotics.

Tick-borne scabies. In this case, the tick does not disappear after it is full, but constantly lives in the skin. It is characterized by the appearance of pimples literally all over the body, which constantly itch. As a result of scratching the foci, local infection occurs, which can cause the appearance of abscesses. In this case, the infection does not occur from a tick bite, but from constant tactile contact with carriers of the disease.

Treatment is carried out with drugs that can infect ticks. In the process of carrying out therapy, it is necessary to adhere to some rules:

· in the event that the patient is not alone in the ward, the treatment should take place simultaneously;

· the preparation should be applied to the whole body, except for the face and head; part of the skin under the nails should also be processed;

· it is worth adhering to all instructions for using the product;

· the preparation should be applied by hand, in places of dense hair – with a brush;

· wash should be before the start of the procedure and 12 hours after it;

· Bed linen should be changed only after completion of the course of treatment.

When an insect bites, pain is absent, since the composition of its saliva contains a substance with an analgesic effect. As a rule, they choose soft places, such as the neck, the back of the head, the place under the buttocks, etc. Therefore, it is difficult to notice it on their body, sometimes a person does not even know that he was bitten by a tick.

Of course, all the diseases described above may not occur when the tick was not a carrier of the infection. In any case, the site of the bite should be treated with an antiseptic healing agent.It is necessary to consult a doctor, because an untimely start of treatment can minimize its effectiveness.

Recommended reading

pimple after a tick bite | Physician Answers

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44 Year Old Member Asked:

55 Years Experience Infectious Diseases

Tick & amp; pimple?: If this pimple is not where the tick was removed, it is unlikely that they are related.

34-year-old woman asked:

53 years of experience Allergy and Immunology

This could be: Almost all insect bites leave small cysts that look like a pimple, but often ticks leave the head in a lesion. You can get tested, but only in reputable laboratories.

.

Symptoms, Treatments, Images, and Prevention

Ticks are widespread in the United States. They live outdoors in:

  • grass
  • trees
  • bushes
  • heaps of leaves

They are attracted to people and their four-legged pets and can easily move between them.If you’ve been outdoors for a while, chances are you’ve encountered ticks at some point.

Tick bites are often harmless, in which case they do not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, ticks can cause allergic reactions, and some ticks can transmit disease to humans and pets when bitten. This can be dangerous or even fatal.

Learn how to recognize ticks, identify symptoms of tick-borne diseases, and what to do if a tick has bitten you.

Ticks are small, blood-sucking insects. They can range in size from as small as the head of a pin to as large as a pencil eraser. Ticks have eight legs. They are arachnids, which means they are related to spiders.

Different types of mites can range in color from brown to reddish brown and black.

The more blood, the more mites. In their largest size, the pliers can be as large as marble. After a tick has eaten on its host for several days, they fill with blood and may turn greenish-blue.

Ticks prefer warm, moist areas of the body. Once it hits your body, it will most likely move to your armpits, groin, or hair. When they are in the desired location, they dig into your skin and begin to bleed.

Unlike most other insects that bite, ticks usually remain attached to your body after being bitten. If you get bitten, you probably recognize because you found a tick on your skin. After 10 days of circulation from your body, the swollen mite may separate and fall off.

Tick bites are usually harmless and may not cause any symptoms. However, if you are allergic to tick bites, you may experience:

Some ticks carry diseases that can be transmitted through the bite. Tick-borne diseases can cause many symptoms and usually develop within a few days or weeks after a tick bite. Potential tick-borne symptoms include:

For a tick bite, seek medical attention as soon as possible to be evaluated for possible treatment.

Q:

Does every tick bite require antibiotic treatment?

Anonymous

A:

Antibiotics are needed if you have a skin infection at the site of the bite or if you constantly scratch and tear your skin.

If you have been bitten by a tick in an area of ​​increased risk for certain tick-borne diseases (eg Lyme disease), or if the tick has been attached to you for a long period of time, it is better to play it safe. than sorry and see your doctor to start antibiotic treatment.

Mark R. LaFlamme, MD Answers reflect the views of our medical experts. All content is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice.

Tick bites are often easy to spot. This is because the tick can remain attached to the skin for up to 10 days after the first bite. Most tick bites are harmless and do not cause any physical signs or symptoms. Only certain types of ticks transmit the disease.

Tick bites are usually sporadic because ticks do not bite in groups or rows.

Ticks can transmit disease to human hosts. These diseases can be serious.

Most signs or symptoms of tick-borne disease appear within days to weeks after the tick bite. After a tick bite, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible, even if you have no symptoms.

For example, in areas of a country where Lyme disease is common, under certain conditions, treatment for Lyme disease after a tick bite may be recommended, even before symptoms appear.

In the case of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), the disease should be treated as soon as it is suspected.

If at any time after a tick bite you start to experience unusual symptoms such as fever, rash, or joint pain, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor that you have recently been bitten by a tick.

Your doctor will take a careful history, exam, and test to determine if your symptoms are the result of a tick-borne illness.

Some diseases that can be contracted through tick bites include:

Ticks live outdoors and hide in grass, trees, bushes and undergrowth.

If you are traveling or playing, you can check the box. The tick can also attach to your pet. Ticks can remain attached to your pet or move towards you while you touch or hold your pet. Ticks can also leave you and attach to your pets.

Various types of mites exist in large populations throughout the country. Most states have at least one mite species that lives there. Tick ​​numbers peak in the spring and summer months, usually from April to September.

The most important thing when you find a tick on yourself is to remove it. You can remove the tick yourself with a tick removal tool or tweezers. Proceed as follows:

  1. Take the tick as close to the skin surface as possible.
  2. Pull straight up and away from the skin, applying constant pressure. Try not to bend or twist the tick.
  3. Check the bite site to make sure you haven’t left any part of the tick’s head or mouth at the bite site. If so, remove them.
  4. Clean the bite site with soap and water.
  5. After removing the tick, immerse it in rubbing alcohol to make sure it is dead. Place it in an airtight container.

See your doctor as soon as possible to see if any treatment is needed depending on the type of tick that bites you.There are different risks of tick bite disease in different parts of the country.

It is very important to see your doctor shortly after a tick bite so that you can talk about your risks, what complications to look for, and when to take action.

Preventing tick bites is the best way to avoid tick infestation.

Typically, a carrier tick needs more than 24 hours of feeding to infect a human. So, the sooner a tick can be identified and removed, the better.

.

can a tick bite look like a pimple | Physician Answers

Most Popular Physician Answers Based on Your Search:

44 Year Old Member Asked:

55 Years Experience Infectious Diseases

Tick & amp; pimple?: If this pimple is not where the tick was removed, it is unlikely that they are related.

34-year-old woman asked:

53 years of experience Allergy and Immunology

This could be: Almost all insect bites leave small cysts that look like a pimple, but often ticks leave the head in a lesion.You can get tested, but only in reputable laboratories.

12-year-old man asked:

56 years of experience Dermatology

Did you remove t: Did you remove the tick? Was it a deer tick – tiny? Was it deeply ingrained? Bloodshot? If it hadn’t been a tick deer, if it hadn’t crashed into … More.

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39 years of experience Clinical Psychology

If you tick the box: I want to remove it from here. Please review your document to remove it. If anything else he can tell you. Lyme disease is a pleasure, so try to avoid it. P … Read More

28-year-old woman asked:

30 years of experience in ENT, head and neck surgery

Eye rash: consult your doctor. Take a picture of this for the record. “Things may look different when you go to the doctor. Should check for … Details.

News

[“1”, “2”, “3”, “4”, “5”, “6”, “7”, “8”, “9”, “10”, “11”, “12”, “13”, “15”, “16”, “17”]

  • This was stated by the deputy head of Rosleskhoz Alexander Agafonov. So, today the emergency regime was canceled in the Kirensky district. According to the regional government, all fires in this area have been eliminated.I will note that 34 forest fires were extinguished in the region in just the last week. But the emergency regime still continues to operate in six districts. The most difficult situation is now in Katangsky.

  • First of all, residents were worried about the epidemiological situation. The head of the region said that in the Baikal region, the level of herd immunity is now 51 percent, and by November they plan to increase this figure to 80 percent.Such a high level has already been reached in Svirsk, Usolye-Sibirskoye and Zhigalovo – in these cities the best situation with herd immunity in the region.

  • In particular, for fuel and building materials. Indeed, often when a competition is played out, the cost is one, and in the course of work it can change.

  • Traffic police inspectors identified 75 violating carriers during a raid on Olkhon.They provided poor quality transportation services for tourists.

  • This was reported by the Investigation Department of the ICR in the Irkutsk Region. A call from an eyewitness came to the duty station of the Angarsk police. A local resident said that in the channel of the Angara River not far from SNT “Astra-1” found a corpse.

  • Two natives of the Irkutsk region were called up to the Russian national team for the qualifying matches of the FIFA World Cup.It will be held in Qatar next year. Defender Fyodor Kudryashov was born in the village of Mamakan, Bodaibo District, and began his career at the local Sibiryak. Now plays in the Turkish team “Antalyaspor”. Midfielder Roman Zobnin is from Irkutsk and plays for Spartak Moscow.

  • Viktor Sibirin travels from the Krasnoyarsk Territory to Lake Baikal. And this news could go unnoticed, but the man is disabled and moves exclusively in a wheelchair, and basically spends the night only in a tent.I thoroughly prepared for the trip – I trained six hours a day.

  • On the Irkutsk – Osa – Ust-Uda highway, the reconstruction of a 13-kilometer high-intensity section is in full swing. The work is scheduled to be completed by the end of the year. What roads are still planned to be repaired by 2024?

  • The GIMS employees board the violators’ ships.Only instead of a naval battle, inspectors check documents and inspect floating craft for violations.

  • Recirculators for disinfection of air in corridors and offices, as well as a large set of pulse oximeters were handed over to the City Council. With these devices, doctors measure saturation – the level of oxygen saturation in the blood. It is especially important to track this indicator in time in case of lung damage due to coronavirus.

90,000 2/184 Volume 4. Ginseng. Gray Owl. Unclothed Spring

He replied:

– My Arsei Shanghai.

Of course, it happened so and it came together in our language “mine is yours” quite by accident, that both he, the Chinese, and I, the Russian, seemed to have a common homeland for Arsei, but then, many years later, I began to understand this Arsei here, by the brook, with his conversations and consider it just an accident that once Arsei Louvain was in Shanghai, and my Arseya was in Moscow … hornbeam and yew, tightly intertwined with vines of lemongrass and grapes, thorns with tall, planted wormwood and the very lilac that we find only in our gardens.Louvain, often going down for water, broke a path here, and this barely noticeable path, bypassing a strong place, soon leads to a cliff, and then all the conversation, heard near the fanza, as if in the next world, bursts out: a stream, appearing in a white light from under the cliff, immediately crashes against the oncoming cliff and flies down like rainbow dust. But the whole wide steep rock oozes a little, always wet, always shines, and these countless streams of it merge below into an open and cheerful stream. I will never forget this happiness! What a reward I was for all my difficult transition to swim in this stream! There, back there, beyond the ridge, the gnaw would not let me live, but here, by the sea itself, there were no more mosquitoes, no horseflies, no midges.Below the place where I swam, there was a whirlpool in the stones; then I left my clothes in the wash, I sat down in the bathhouse, and splashes flew over my head like a shower. It was this noise of falling water that hid from animals any sound from a terrible person for them, they trustingly approached the stream to get drunk, and even for the very first time I noticed something in this seaside taiga. Bunches of the rich sun of the forty-second parallel were scattered everywhere under the canopy of broad-leaved trees on the shade-loving grasses. Summer is the time of fogs, only on the rarest days does this sun show itself in the seaside in all its possible glory and power, and so happily it greeted me that day.Among the sunbeams, it would have been impossible for me to notice exactly the same spots on the red fur of animals, if they did not move: the spotted deer, probably lying somewhere nearby, got up and went, moving their spots among the sunbeams, to a watering hole. Who has not heard, approaching the east, about this rare animal of the seaside taiga, which seems to preserve in its horns, when they are young and saturated with blood, the healing power that returns youth and joy to people? How many legends have I heard about these antlers , so precious among the Chinese that even all fairy tales and fables you give some meaning.And now these most famous antlers stuck out between two huge leaves of a Manchu walnut tree near the water, they were velvety, peach-red, on a living head with large beautiful gray eyes. And only Gray Eye bent down to the water, a hornless head with even more beautiful eyes, but not gray, but black-shining, appeared nearby. Near this female Lanka turned out to be a young deer with thin awls instead of antlers and a very small deer, a tiny little thing, but also with the same spots as the big ones; this little one climbed right into the stream with all four hooves.Little by little, the fawn, moving forward from pebble to pebble, stood right between me and my mother, and when she wanted to check him and looked, her gaze just fell on me, sitting like an idol in the spray of water. She froze, petrified, studying me, guessing if I was a stone or I could move. Her mouth was black and extremely small for an animal, but her ears were unusually large, so stern, so sensitive, and there was a hole in one: it shone through. I could not notice any other details, so beautiful black shiny eyes captured all my attention – not eyes, but just like a flower – and I immediately understood why the Chinese call this precious deer Hua-lu, which means – a deer-flower.It was so difficult to imagine the person who, seeing such a flower, aimed at it with a gun and fired his terrible bullet: the bullet hole was glowing. It’s hard to say how long we looked into each other’s eyes – it seems a very long time! I could hardly catch my breath, it became more and more difficult for me, and, probably, because of this excitement, the glare in my eyes moved. Hua-lu noticed this, slowly began to raise her front leg, very thin, with a small sharp hoof, bent it and, suddenly straightening it with force, stamped.Then Gray Eye raised his head and also began to look at me with such an expression as if he wanted to discern some unpleasant trifle from a great height and, not being able by nature to notice the nasty details of life, he looked, preserving the dignity of the ruler of the deer, and just did not say, as sometimes high-ranking little petitioners say: “I am ready to do everything for you, just find out as soon as possible what the matter is, not for me to find out!” While Hua-lu stamped and Gray Eye raised his majestic head with short velvety antlers in bewilderment, there, a little lower, a lot of something was moving and among the other heads one large one leaned forward, and the whole deer with a black one appeared, distinct, like a belt, stripe on the back.Even from a distance it was possible to understand that Chernospinnik was not looking kindly, and in his eyes, black and gloomy, there was some kind of bad idea. Not only did all these deer near Chernospinnik, at the signal of Hua-lu, contemplate me motionlessly, but the deer from the stream, imitating the adults, tried to petrify in the same way. Little by little he began to get tired, and besides, of course, like all deer, ticks ate him, he could not stand the boredom, lifted his leg and scratched himself. Then I, too, could not resist, smiled, and then Hua-lu already understood and stamped her foot decisively and so hard that the stone fell off and gurgled into the water with splashes.After that, she suddenly moved her black lips and whistled completely humanly, and when she turned and started to run, she inflated her special wide white napkin so that the deer following her could follow where she would rush in the bushes. A fawn-fawn [2], Gray Eye, Blackback and other deer rushed after the mother. When everyone rushed off, a pretty Lanka jumped out right into the middle of the stream, stopped and seemed to ask with her pretty face: “What happened, where did they run away?” Suddenly she rushed across the stream in the completely opposite direction, soon found herself halfway across the cleft cheek, looked down at me from there, rushed again, looked again from all the height and disappeared behind the line of the black rock and blue sky.

II

Louvain in a deep gully hid his fanzochka from the terrible typhoons of the coastal region, but if you go up on the cheek of the gully up a hundred meters, you can see the sea, the Pacific Ocean. Our Chiki-chiki ravine is very close to the place where I met the deer, entered the big Zusukhe pad, the water here became much calmer, the pad gradually turned into the valley, and the river calmly and solemnly, ending its painful run along the mountain gullies and falls , poured into the ocean.

On the very next day, as I arrived here, a steamer with immigrants came to the Zusuhe Bay and, while they were settling, stood here for two weeks, and during these two weeks the greatest event of my life, about which I will be tell.The valley where Zusuhe runs is completely covered with flowers, and then I learned to understand the touching simplicity of each flower’s story about itself: each flower in Zusuhe represents a small sun, and with this he tells the whole story of the meeting of a sunbeam with the earth. If I could tell about myself how these simple flowers are in Zusuhe! There were irises – from pale blue to almost black, orchids of all sorts of shades, lilies of red, orange, yellow, and among them everywhere carnations were scattered with bright red stars.Through these valleys, simple and beautiful flowers everywhere flew butterflies, similar to flying flowers, yellow apollo with black and red spots, brick-red, with iridescent tints of urticaria and huge amazing dark blue swallowtail. Some of them – this is the first time I’ve seen this here – could land on the water and swim, and then again rose and flew over the sea of ​​flowers. Bees soared on flowers, wasps; furry bumblebees with black, orange and white belly rushed through the air noisily. It happened when I looked into the flower cup, there was something that I had never seen and still cannot name: not a bumblebee, not a bee, not a wasp.And on the ground between the flowers agile ground beetles were everywhere, black gravediggers crawled, huge relict beetles lurked, gathering on occasion to suddenly rise into the air and fly straight without turning anywhere.