What causes boils on the human body: Boils: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
Boils: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
A boil is a skin infection that starts in a hair follicle or oil gland. At first, the skin turns red in the area of the infection, and a tender lump develops. After four to seven days, the lump starts turning white as pus collects under the skin.
- The most common places for boils to appear are on the face, neck, armpits, shoulders, and buttocks. When one forms on the eyelid, it is called a sty.
- If several boils appear in a group, this is a more serious type of infection called a carbuncle.
Causes of Boils
Most boils are caused by a germ (staphylococcal bacteria). This germ enters the body through tiny nicks or cuts in the skin or can travel down the hair to the follicle.
These health problems make people more susceptible to skin infections:
- Problems with the immune system
- Poor nutrition
- Poor hygiene
- Exposure to harsh chemicals that irritate the skin
Symptoms of Boils
A boil starts as a hard, red, painful lump usually about half an inch in size. Over the next few days, the lump becomes softer, larger, and more painful. Soon a pocket of pus forms on the top of the boil. These are the signs of a severe infection:
- The skin around the boil becomes infected. It turns red, painful, warm, and swollen.
- More boils may appear around the original one.
- A fever may develop.
- Lymph nodes may become swollen.
When to Seek Medical Care
- You start running a fever.
- You have swollen lymph nodes.
- The skin around the boil turns red or red streaks appear.
- The pain becomes severe.
- The boil does not drain.
- A second boil appears.
- You have a heart murmur, diabetes, any problem with your immune system, or use immune suppressing drugs (for example, corticosteroids or chemotherapy) and you develop a boil.
- Boils usually do not need immediate emergency attention. However, if you are in poor health and you develop high fever and chills along with the infection, a trip to a hospital’s emergency room is needed.
Exams and Tests
Your doctor can make the diagnosis with a physical exam. Many parts of the body may be affected by this skin infection, so some of the questions or exam may be about other parts of your body.
Boils Treatment — Home Remedies
- Apply warm compresses and soak the boil in warm water. This will decrease the pain and help draw the pus to the surface. Once the boil comes to a head, it will burst with repeated soakings. This usually occurs within 10 days of its appearance. You can make a warm compress by soaking a wash cloth in warm water and squeezing out the excess moisture.
- When the boil starts draining, wash it with an antibacterial soap until all the pus is gone and clean with rubbing alcohol. Apply a medicated ointment (topical antibiotic) and a bandage. Continue to wash the infected area two to three times a day and to use warm compresses until the wound heals.
- Do not pop the boil with a needle. This could make the infection worse.
Medical Treatment for Boils
If there are concerns about the seriousness of the infection, additional blood tests will be performed. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics if the infection is severe. If the boil is drained, a culture may be done to determine the type of bacteria causing the infection and to assess if an appropriate antibiotic was given.
Next Steps — Follow-up
Whether the boil is drained at home or is lanced by a doctor, you will need to clean the infected area two to three times a day until the wound is healed. Apply an antibiotic ointment after washing and cover with a bandage. If the area turns red or looks as if it is getting infected again, contact your doctor.
Help prevent boils by following these guidelines:
- Carefully wash clothes, bedding, and towels of a family member who is infected with boils.
- Clean and treat minor skin wounds.
- Practice good personal hygiene.
- Stay as healthy as possible.
Most boils will disappear with simple home treatment.
Carbuncles: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
A carbuncle is a red, swollen, and painful cluster of boils that are connected to each other under the skin. A boil (or furuncle) is an infection of a hair follicle that has a small collection of pus (called an abscess) under the skin. Usually single, a carbuncle is most likely to occur on a hairy area of the body such as the back or nape of the neck. But a carbuncle also can develop in other areas of the body such as the buttocks, thighs, groin, and armpits.
Most carbuncles are caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, which inhabit the skin surface, throat, and nasal passages. These bacteria can cause infection by entering the skin through a hair follicle, small scrape, or puncture, although sometimes there is no obvious point of entry.
Filled with pus — a mixture of old and white blood cells, bacteria, and dead skin cells — carbuncles must drain before they’re able to heal. Carbuncles are more likely than boils to leave scars.
An active boil or carbuncle is contagious: the infection can spread to other parts of the person’s body or to other people through skin-to-skin contact or the sharing of personal items. So it’s important to practice appropriate self-care measures, like keeping the area clean and covered, until the carbuncle drains and heals.
Carbuncles require medical treatment to prevent or manage complications, promote healing, and minimize scarring. Contact your doctor if you have a boil or boils that have persisted for more than a few days.
Risk Factors for Carbuncles
Older age, obesity, poor hygiene, and poor overall health are associated with carbuncles. Other risk factors for carbuncles include:
- Chronic skin conditions, which damage the skin’s protective barrier
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Any condition or treatment that weakens the immune system
Carbuncles also can occur in otherwise healthy, fit, younger people, especially those who live together in group settings such as college dorms and share items such as bed linens, towels, or clothing. In addition, people of any age can develop carbuncles from irritations or abrasions to the skin surface caused by tight clothing, shaving, or insect bites, especially in body areas with heavy perspiration.
Symptoms of Carbuncles
The boils that collect to form carbuncles usually start as red, painful bumps. The carbuncle fills with pus and develops white or yellow tips that weep, ooze, or crust. Over a period of several days, many untreated carbuncles rupture, discharging a creamy white or pink fluid.
Superficial carbuncles — which have multiple openings on the skin’s surface — are less likely to leave a deep scar. Deep carbuncles are more likely to cause significant scarring.
Other carbuncle symptoms include fever, fatigue, and a feeling of general sickness. Swelling may occur in nearby tissue and lymph nodes, especially lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin.
Complications of Carbuncles
Sometimes, carbuncles are caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria, and require treatment with potent prescription antibiotics if the lesions are not drained properly.
In rare cases, bacteria from a carbuncle can escape into the bloodstream and cause serious complications, including sepsis and infections in other parts of the body such as the lung, bones, joints, heart, blood, and central nervous system.
Sepsis is an overwhelming infection of the body that is a medical emergency and can be fatal if left untreated. Symptoms include chills, a spiking fever, rapid heart rate, and a feeling of being extremely ill.
Home Treatment for Carbuncles
The cardinal rule is to avoid squeezing or irritating a carbuncle, which increases the risk of complications and severe scarring.
Warm compresses may promote the drainage and healing of carbuncles. Gently soak the carbuncle in warm water, or apply a clean, warm, moist washcloth for 20 minutes several times per day. Similar strategies include covering the carbuncle with a clean, dry cloth and gently applying a heating pad or hot water bottle for 20 minutes several times per day. After each use, washcloths or cloths should be washed in hot water and dried at a high temperature.
Washing the carbuncle and covering the area with a sterile bandage also may promote drainage and healing and help prevent the infection from spreading. Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help relieve the pain of an inflamed carbuncle.
It’s important to thoroughly wash your hands after touching a carbuncle. Launder any clothing, bedding, and towels that have touched a carbuncle and avoid sharing bedding, clothing, or other personal items.
Medical Treatments for Carbuncles
See your doctor if a boil or boils do not drain and heal after a few days of home treatment or if you suspect you have a carbuncle. Also, seek medical evaluation for a carbuncle that develops on your face, near your eyes or nose, or on your spine. Also see a doctor for a carbuncle that becomes very large or painful.
Your doctor may cut and drain the carbuncle, and ensure that all the pus has been removed by washing the area with a sterile solution. Some of the pus can be collected and sent to a lab to identify the bacteria causing the infection and check for susceptibility to antibiotics.
If the carbuncle is completely drained, antibiotics are usually unnecessary. But treatment with antibiotics may be necessary in cases such as:
- When MRSA is involved and drainage is incomplete
- There is surrounding soft-tissue infection (cellulitis)
- A person has a weakened immune system
- An infection has spread to other parts of the body
Depending on severity, most carbuncles heal within two to three weeks after medical treatment.
Boils | Skin Support
What are the aims of this leaflet?
This leaflet has been written to help you understand more about boils (furuncles). It explains what they are, what causes them, what can be done about them, and where you can find out more about them.
What are boils?
A boil, or furuncle, is an abscess (infection) of the skin or in the deep part hair follicles. The infection is usually caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Occasionally the infection may spread into the surrounding tissues (cellulitis) and can cause fever and a feeling of being unwell. When several boils form close together and join, this is known as a carbuncle. Sometimes rarer types of S. aureus: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), can cause boils. PVL may cause larger and more painful boils (see Patient Information Leaflet on PVL Staphylococcus Aureus (PVL-SA) skin infection).
The bacteria causing the boil can occasionally spread from one part of the body to another and from one person to another by skin-to-skin contact and from clothing and towels which have been contaminated with pus from the boil. This is especially true when boils are caused by the PVL strain of S. aureus bacteria. Boils are common in teenagers and can affect boys more often than girls. Sufferers of boils do not usually have a problem with their immune system, but boils can be more severe in patients with a suppressed immune system. Boils are more common in patients with diabetes and those who are overweight.
What do boils look like?
Boils may be single or multiple. A boil often starts as an itchy or tender spot that grows over a few days into a large firm red lump which becomes very painful. Boils often develop around the neck, face, back, breasts, thighs and buttocks. Boils inside the nose or ear, or under tight clothing can be particularly uncomfortable.
As the boil continues to grow the centre eventually softens and becomes filled with pus. The pus may then burst through the surface of the skin or it may settle gradually without bursting.
A healed boil tends to leave a red mark, which slowly fades, but can leave a scar.
How are boils diagnosed?
Boils are usually easy to diagnose by their appearance. If a boil contains pus, the doctor may use a sterilised needle to take a sample of the pus which can then be swabbed and sent to the laboratory to check which bacteria are causing the boil and which antibiotic treatment may be appropriate.
Can boils be cured?
Yes, infections get better with treatment.
S. aureus survives well in moist areas such as the nostrils, armpits, buttocks and groin. Some people carry S. aureus at these sites on a long-term basis and are referred to as ‘carriers’. This is not usually a problem, however, if repeated boils occur, it is wise to treat these areas (see below).
How can boils be treated?
A warm salt-water soaked dressing applied to the boil for 10-20 minutes several times a day may encourage the drainage of pus to drain which then helps reduce the pain. A single boil usually gets better naturally, especially if the pus it contains discharges spontaneously. However, occasionally the doctor may release the pus by cutting carefully into the boil (lancing) using sterile instruments. An antibacterial cream, ointment or solution can be used around the boil to stop other boils from appearing nearby. Often an antibiotic is given by mouth, to help clear the infection.
How do I stop the bacteria from spreading?
The doctor may prescribe a topical treatment such as an antibacterial soap, solution or cream to wash with. Sometimes an antibacterial nasal ointment is recommended be applied into each nostril for 5-7 days. Family members may also have to use these treatments if they are found to be carriers.
It often helps for family members to use antibacterial washes if they are in close contact and share the same bed.
Change towels every day and do not share them with anybody else.
Wash bed sheets at least weekly or at once if pus is discharged.
Keep the house clean, especially the sink, shower or bath.
Pus contains bacteria so avoid getting the pus from the boil onto other areas of the skin. If pus is discharged, wash the area around carefully with an antibacterial product and also wash the hands to avoid spreading the infection.
You should seek medical advice if you are not sure of the diagnosis or if you feel unwell. You should also see the doctor if the problem persists or if you have recurring boils.
Self care (What can I do?)
Follow the measures outlined above to reduce the spread of boils.
Bath or shower daily, and keep your hands and nails clean. Avoid picking any sores.
Being overweight encourages boils, as the bacteria survive in folds of the skin; in such cases weight loss may help prevent recurrence.
If the boils are on exposed skin, avoid close contact with others and contact sports, such as rugby and judo, until the boils have cleared to reduce the risk of passing the infection onto others.
Do not visit a swimming pool or a gym until the boils have cleared up.
Where can I get more information?
Web links to detailed leaflets:
For details of source materials used please contact the Clinical Standards Unit ([email protected]).
This leaflet aims to provide accurate information about the subject and is a consensus of the views held by representatives of the British Association of Dermatologists: individual patient circumstances may differ, which might alter both the advice and course of therapy given to you by your doctor.
This leaflet has been assessed for readability by the British Association of Dermatologists’ Patient Information Lay Review Panel
BRITISH ASSOCIATION OF DERMATOLOGISTS
PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET
PRODUCED JUNE 2007
UPDATED MAY 2010, MAY 2013, SEPTEMBER 2016, JANUARY 2020
REVIEW DATE JANUARY 2023
Boils and Carbuncles – Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment from Healthily
What is a boil?
A boil is a red, painful, lump on the skin that develops at the site of an infected hair follicle. They are also called furuncles.
A hair follicle is a small cavity in the skin from which a hair grows. Boils most commonly develop on areas of skin where there is a combination of hair, sweat and friction, such as the neck, face or thighs.
Over time, pus forms inside the boil. This means it grows larger and becomes more painful. In most cases, a boil will eventually burst and the pus will drain away. This can take from two days to three weeks to happen.
A carbuncle is a collection of boils that develop in a group of hair follicles under the skin. If you have a carbuncle, you may have additional symptoms such as a high temperature and you may feel weak and exhausted.
Read more about the symptoms of boils and carbuncles.
When to see your doctor
Most boils burst and heal by themselves without the need for medical treatment. However, you should visit your doctor if you have a boil:
- on your face, nose or spine
- that gets bigger and feels soft and spongy to touch (as it may not burst and heal by itself)
- that doesn’t heal within two weeks
You should also see your doctor if you develop a carbuncle or if you have additional symptoms like a high temperature.
You doctor should be able to identify a boil or carbuncle by looking at it.
Causes of boils and carbuncles
Boils and carbuncles are often caused by a type of bacteria known as Staphylococcus aureus (staph bacteria). Staph bacteria usually live harmlessly on the surface of the skin or in the lining of the nose.
However, if they get inside the skin they can trigger skin infections, such as boils. In most cases, staph bacteria enter the skin through cuts and grazes.
Read more about the causes of boils and carbuncles.
Who is affected?
Boils are relatively common in teenagers and young adults, especially in males. Young males living in overcrowded and possibly unhygienic conditions are particularly at risk.
Carbuncles are less common and tend to occur mostly in middle-aged or older men who are in poor health because of a pre-existing health condition, such as diabetes.
Treating boils and carbuncles
Most boils can be successfully treated at home. One of the best ways to speed up healing is to apply a warm facecloth to the boil three or four times a day.
If your boil doesn’t heal, your doctor may decide to drain it.
Never attempt to squeeze or pierce a boil or carbuncle because it could cause the infection to spread and may lead to complications.
If you develop a carbuncle or there is a high risk of your boil causing complications, you may be prescribed a week-long course of antibiotics.
Some people’s boils and carbuncles keep returning. In this case, you may need further tests to discover why this is happening. You may be prescribed an antiseptic solution to remove the bacteria from your skin.
Read more about diagnosing boils and carbuncles and treating boils and carbuncles.
Can boils and carbuncles lead to complications?
Although most boils get better without causing further problems, some people develop a secondary infection.
This can range from a relatively minor (though often very painful) infection of the deeper layer of the skin, such as cellulitis, to rarer and more serious infections, such as blood poisoning (sepsis).
Larger boils and carbuncles can also lead to scarring.
Complications are more likely to occur if boils and carbuncles are not treated properly.
Read more about the possible complications of boils and carbuncles.
How do I know if I have a boil or carbuncle?
Boils and carbuncles begin as swollen and painful red lumps on the skin, before increasing in size over the following few days.
Boils can develop anywhere on your skin, but they’re most likely to occur in places where there’s a combination of hair, friction and sweat, such as the:
Over time, boils grow because there is a build-up of yellowish-white coloured pus. The size of boils can vary significantly. Some boils can grow to the size of a golf ball, but most are about the size of a pea.
It’s very important to resist the urge to squeeze the boil because it could lead to more serious complications.
Most boils will burst open eventually, allowing the pus to drain and leaving your skin to heal. This can take from two days to three weeks to happen. Most boils don’t leave any scarring unless they’re particularly large.
A carbuncle is a dome-shaped collection of boils that usually develops over the space of a few days. They most often occur on the back of the neck, back or thighs.
A fully grown carbuncle can range in size from 3cm (1.1 inches) to over 10cm (4 inches), and will leak pus from a number of points. You may also have additional symptoms, such as:
- a high temperature of 38ºC (100.4ºF) or above
- a general feeling of being unwell
- feeling weak and exhausted
When to seek medical advice
Contact your doctor for advice if you have:
- a moderate to large boil that feels soft and spongy to the touch
- a carbuncle
- a boil on your face or spine – this can sometimes cause serious complications
- additional symptoms, such as a high temperature or feeling generally unwell
- a secondary infection, such as cellulitis (an infection of the deeper layer of the skin)
- a boil and a health condition known to weaken the immune system, such as type 2 diabetes or HIV or AIDS
- a boil and you’re receiving medical treatment that’s known to weaken the immune system, such as chemotherapy
- a boil that shows no sign of healing after two weeks
What causes boils and carbuncles?
Most boils and carbuncles develop when the hair follicles in your skin become infected with bacteria.
A hair follicle is a cavity in the skin that a hair grows from.
Boils are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (also known as staph bacteria) infecting one or more hair follicles.
Staph bacteria commonly live harmlessly on the skin and inside the nose and throat. It is estimated that about 20% of otherwise healthy people are long-term carriers of staph bacteria.
Boils tend to occur when the bacteria enters the skin through a cut or graze. This causes your immune system to respond by sending infection-fighting white blood cells to the source of the infection to kill the bacteria.
Over time, a mix of dead bacteria, dead white blood cells and dead skin cells builds up inside the boil to form pus.
Things that make you more likely to get boils include:
- being male (particularly a teenage boy) – this could be because hormonal changes during puberty can make the skin greasy, which may encourage the growth of bacteria
- being in close personal contact with someone who has a boil
- taking part in sports that involve a combination of sweating, close personal contact and frequent friction of the skin, such as rugby and wrestling
- living in conditions that are overcrowded and have poor standards of personal hygiene, or both
- having a pre-existing skin condition, such as atopic eczema or scabies
- obesity – being very overweight with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or above
However, it is also common for healthy people with good levels of hygiene to develop boils at some point.
Like boils, carbuncles are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. A carbuncle develops when the infection spreads further beneath the skin to create a cluster of boils.
People in poor health or those with a weak immune system (the body’s natural defence against infection and illness) are thought most at risk of developing a carbuncle. These include people:
- with diabetes – high sugar levels in the blood make it more difficult for your immune system to protect you against skin infection
- with health conditions known to weaken the immune system, such as HIV
- who are on a long-term course of steroid tablets or injections (corticosteroids) – long-term steroid use makes you more vulnerable to infection
- who are having treatment known to weaken the immune system, such as chemotherapy
- who are malnourished (not getting the nutrients needed from food to maintain good health)
- with skin conditions that affect a large part of their body
- with heart disease
- with a severe drug misuse problem, particularly those who inject drugs
How are boils and carbuncles diagnosed?
Your doctor will usually be able to diagnose a boil or carbuncle by examining it.
Further testing is usually only required if you have:
- a boil or carbuncle that doesn’t respond to treatment – it may be caused by bacteria other than staph bacteria
- multiple boils or carbuncles
- a weakened immune system caused by a condition such as diabetes, or if you’re having a treatment such as chemotherapy
In these circumstances, your doctor will probably use a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the boil so it can be examined under a microscope.
You may also be referred for a blood test to see if you have an undiagnosed underlying health condition, such as diabetes, which could be increasing your risk of developing boils and carbuncles.
How to get rid of a boil or carbuncle
Most boils get better without the need for medical treatment and can be successfully treated at home.
One of the best ways to speed up the healing process is to apply a warm facecloth to the boil for 10 minutes three or four times a day. The heat increases the amount of blood circulating around the boil, which means more infection-fighting white blood cells are sent there.
When the boil bursts, cover it with sterile gauze or dressing to prevent the spread of infection. After this, wash your hands thoroughly using hot water and soap. This will help prevent you spreading bacteria to other parts of your body or other people.
Over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, can help relieve any pain caused by the boil.
See your doctor if you have a larger boil that feels soft and spongy to the touch (the medical name for this is a fluctuant boil).
Once a boil becomes soft and spongy, it is unlikely to burst open by itself and probably won’t respond well to treatment with antibiotics.
Your doctor may be able to remove the pus using a technique called incision and drainage. In some cases, your doctor may refer you to your local hospital for this treatment.
Incision and drainage involves piercing the tip of the boil with a sterile needle or scalpel. This encourages the pus to drain out of the boil, which should help to relieve pain and stimulate the recovery process.
Before having the procedure you’re likely to be given a local anaesthetic to numb the affected area.
Never attempt to squeeze or pierce a boil yourself because this can spread the infection.
Antibiotics are usually recommended:
- for all cases of carbuncles
- if you have a high temperature
- if you develop a secondary infection, such as cellulitis (an infection of the deeper layer of the skin)
- if you have a boil on your face – facial boils have a higher risk of causing complications
- if you’re in severe pain and discomfort
A seven-day course of a penicillin-based antibiotic called flucloxacillin is usually recommended. If penicillin is unsuitable for you, alternative antibiotics, such as erythromycin and clarithromycin, can be used.
It is important to finish the course of antibiotics even if the boil goes away, as not doing so could lead to a return of the infection.
Treating recurrent boils and carbuncles
Boils and carbuncles that keep returning often need further treatment.
Most people with recurrent boils develop them because they are carriers of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (staph bacteria), a common cause of boils and carbuncles. In this case, treatment may be necessary to kill these bacteria.
Treatment will depend on where the staph bacteria are found on your body. Bacteria on the skin can be treated with antiseptic soap.
Staph bacteria are also commonly found in the nose, in which case you may be prescribed an antiseptic nasal cream to apply several times a day for five to 10 days.
You will also be offered advice about preventing boils, such as regularly washing and cleaning cuts and grazes. See preventing boils and carbuncles for more information.
What complications can boils and carbuncles cause?
Although most boils do not cause further problems, this is not always the case.
Scarring can sometimes occur following a larger boil or carbuncle. These scars never disappear completely, but they do fade with time and become less noticeable.
If you’re particularly concerned about scars, there are a number of treatment options, including:
However, it’s unlikely that your local clinical commissioning group (CCG) will fund these treatments unless it can be shown your scars are causing you considerable psychological distress.
A simpler alternative is to use make-up to conceal any scars you have. Camouflage make-up specially designed for covering scars is available over the counter at pharmacies.
Read more about treating scars.
Spread of infection
The bacteria inside a boil or carbuncle can sometimes spread to other parts of the body and trigger a secondary infection.
Cellulitis is the most common secondary infection associated with boils and carbuncles. It is an infection of the deeper layers of the skin.
Less common secondary infections associated with boils and carbuncles include:
- impetigo – a highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters
- septic arthritis – an infection of a joint
- osteomyelitis – an infection that develops inside a bone
- endocarditis – an infection of the inner layer of the heart
- septicaemia – an infection of the blood
- brain abscess – a collection of pus that develops inside the brain
Some of these less common secondary infections need to be treated with injections of antibiotics. In the case of septicaemia and brain abscess, admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) may be required.
Cavernous sinus thrombosis
Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a very rare but potentially life-threatening complication of a boil. It occurs when an infection triggers a blood clot in the spaces behind the eye socket. The clot begins to increase the pressure on the brain, causing symptoms such as:
- a sharp and severe headache
- swelling of the eyes
- eye pain that’s often severe
Without prompt treatment with antibiotics, cavernous sinus thrombosis can be fatal.
Read more about cavernous sinus thrombosis.
How can I prevent a boil or carbuncle?
It’s not always possible to prevent getting a boil or carbuncle, but some simple steps can reduce your risk of developing the condition.
- washing your skin regularly using a mild antibacterial soap
- always carefully cleaning any cuts, wounds or grazes, even if they look very small
- keeping cuts, wounds and grazes covered with a sterile bandage until they heal
- eating a healthy diet and taking regular exercise to boost your immune system – this will make you less likely to develop skin infections, such as boils
Preventing your boil or carbuncle from spreading
If you develop a boil or carbuncle, it’s important to prevent spreading the infection to other parts of your body or to other people. You can do this by:
- washing your hands with an antibacterial soap after touching a boil or carbuncle
- washing underwear, bed linen and towels at a high temperature
- using a separate facecloth and towel
- keeping any wounds covered with sterile gauze until they heal
- regularly changing the gauze covering a boil or carbuncle
- sealing used gauze or dressings in a plastic bag and throwing it in the dustbin immediately
- avoiding places like saunas, gyms and swimming baths until your skin has healed
Boils and carbuncles – Overview
Boils and carbuncles are red, painful lumps on the skin that are usually caused by a bacterial infection.
Symptoms of boils and carbuncles
Boils can develop anywhere on your skin. You’re most likely to get one in an area where there’s a combination of hair, sweat and friction. For example, the neck, face or thighs.
Over time, pus forms inside the boil, making it bigger and more painful. Most boils will burst and the pus will drain away without leaving a scar. This can take from 2 days to 3 weeks to happen.
Boils are relatively common in teenagers and young adults, usually in males.
It can sometimes be difficult to tell the difference between a boil and a spot. Boils tend to grow bigger and become more painful. Your GP should be able to diagnose a boil from its appearance.
A carbuncle is a cluster of boils that usually develops over a few days. The areas most commonly affected are the back, thighs, or back of the neck.
A carbuncle can grow to a size of 3cm to 10cm and will leak pus from different points.
You may also:
- have a high temperature of 38 degrees Celsius or above
- feel generally unwell
- feel weak and exhausted
Carbuncles are less common than boils. They mostly affect middle-aged or older men in poor health or with a weakened immune system.
Causes of boils and carbuncles
Boils and carbuncles are often caused by bacteria called staphylococcus aureus (staph bacteria). The bacteria infects one or more hair follicles. Staph bacteria usually live on the surface of the skin or in the lining of the nose without causing harm.
You can get a boil when bacteria enter the skin through cuts and grazes. Your immune system then sends infection-fighting white blood cells to kill the bacteria.
Over time, pus forms inside the boil. This is from a build-up of dead white blood cells, skin cells and bacteria.
A carbuncle develops when the infection spreads further beneath the skin. This creates a cluster of boils.
Preventing boils and carbuncles
You cannot always avoid getting a boil or carbuncle.
These tips can reduce your risk:
- wash your skin regularly using a mild antibacterial soap
- carefully clean any cuts, wounds or grazes – even small ones
- cover cuts, wounds and grazes with a sterile bandage until they heal
- healthy eating and regular exercise to boost your immune system
How boils and carbuncles are spread
Unlike acne, boils and carbuncles can spread to another part of the body or to another person.
To prevent boils and carbuncles spreading, take simple precautions such as:
- washing your hands after touching affected areas
- using a separate face cloth and towel
- washing underwear, bed linen and towels at a high temperature
- covering wounds with a dressing until they heal
- carefully disposing of used dressings
When to see your GP
See your GP if you think you have a carbuncle.
With boils, you do not usually need to see a doctor as most boils burst and heal by themselves.
You may need further tests, such as a blood test or skin swab, if you have:
- a boil or carbuncle that keeps returning or doesn’t respond to treatment
- many boils or carbuncles
- a weakened immune system – from a condition like diabetes or having chemotherapy
Boils and carbuncles: How are boils treated? – InformedHealth.org
Boils are generally treated by a doctor. When the boil is “ready,” the doctor can make a small cut to allow the pus to drain and the wound to heal. Antibiotics are used in certain situations, for instance if the person has a weakened immune system or a fever. People who try to squeeze boils themselves increase the risk of the infection spreading inside their body and leading to complications.
A boil (furuncle) is a bacterial skin infection that looks a bit like a very big pus-filled pimple. It starts off as a noticeable swelling that then becomes filled with pus. Boils are often very painful.
Sometimes they drain on their own, and go away without causing any problems. But medical treatment may be needed, particularly for big boils.
If someone gets boils often, it could be a sign that they have a medical condition that has weakened their immune system, increasing the risk of infections. It is then important to find out what that medical condition is, and treat both the underlying condition and the boils.
Different types of hair follicle infections
Compresses and ointments
When a boil first appears, the pus-filled space inside the swollen bump (abscess) hasn’t yet fully developed. In this phase, doctors usually recommend applying a warm, moist, antiseptic compress (a cloth pad held in place by a bandage) or a special ointment that draws (pulls) pus out of the boil. This kind of ointment is also known as “drawing salve.” It typically contains a drug called ammonium bituminosulfonate, also known as Ichthyol. The compress and ointment are meant to speed up the development of the abscess inside the boil, so that it can drain and heal on its own later on – or be cut open and drained by a doctor.
Cutting and draining
The cutting and draining of boils is a standard treatment, particularly for large boils. It is usually an outpatient procedure (no need to stay overnight in a hospital). Before piercing the skin covering the boil, the doctor numbs the area around the inflammation with a local anesthetic or by cooling it.
Sometimes one or more strips of gauze or silicone are placed inside the open wound. These help to remove any remaining pus and fluid from the wound, keeping it clean and allowing the tissue to gradually recover. The strips are usually replaced every day, for instance by a family doctor.
In many cases, the wound is also cleansed with a sterile saline (salt) solution. Doctors sometimes use antiseptic solutions, ointments or dressings too. The wound generally isn’t sewn shut – it gradually closes up on its own. This is known as open wound healing or healing by secondary intention. While the wound is still open, a compress or plaster are used to protect it from dirt and germs.
Treatment for more severe cases
The above-mentioned treatments are usually enough, but sometimes other measures are needed – for instance, if the boil is on the face or if several boils have merged, forming a carbuncle.
If you have a boil on your face, it’s important to keep the infected area still. This is because movement and pressure can increase the risk of bacteria spreading to the brain through the bloodstream. So you should try to avoid using your face muscles. In other words: Don’t talk, and only eat liquid or mushy food that doesn’t have to be chewed, if possible. Bed rest is also recommended.
If complications arise or are likely, antibiotics are taken as tablets or a liquid, or given in the form of an infusion (IV drip) or injection. When used in this way, they travel around the whole body in the bloodstream. This type of treatment is called systemic antibiotic therapy. It is usually only needed
if the boil is on your face, particularly on your nose or upper lip,
if you have several boils (furunculosis) or a carbuncle,
if the infection starts spreading through the lymph vessels,
if you have symptoms such as a fever, high pulse rate, low blood pressure and rapid breathing – or if blood tests suggest that the infection is spreading in the body.
Doctors usually prescribe an antibiotic that is effective in the treatment of boils, which are nearly always caused by the same type of bacteria.
In rare cases, samples of pus are taken and analyzed in a laboratory to find out exactly which type of bacteria is causing the infection. This is done, for instance, if the normal treatment approach doesn’t seem to be working, if it’s thought that the person may have blood poisoning (sepsis), or if there’s a risk that the bacteria are resistant to a lot of antibiotics. Once doctors know which strain of bacteria is causing the infection, they can use the type of antibiotic that is most likely to work.
Gesenhues S, Gesenhues A, Weltermann B. Praxisleitfaden Allgemeinmedizin. Bad Wörishofen: Urban und Fischer; 2017.
Moll I. Duale Reihe Dermatologie. Stuttgart: Thieme; 2016.
Sterry W. Kurzlehrbuch Dermatologie. Stuttgart: Thieme; 2011.
IQWiG health information is written with the aim of helping
people understand the advantages and disadvantages of the main treatment options and health
Because IQWiG is a German institute, some of the information provided here is specific to the
German health care system. The suitability of any of the described options in an individual
case can be determined by talking to a doctor. We do not offer individual consultations.
Our information is based on the results of good-quality studies. It is written by a
health care professionals, scientists and editors, and reviewed by external experts. You can
find a detailed description of how our health information is produced and updated in
Boils | Multimedia Encyclopedia | Health Information
A boil is an infection that affects groups of hair follicles and nearby skin tissue.
Related conditions include:
Boils are very common. They are most often caused by the bacteria
. They can also be caused by other types of bacteria or fungi found on the skin’s surface. Damage to the hair follicle allows the infection to grow deeper into the follicle and the tissues under it.
Boils may occur in the hair follicles anywhere on the body. They are most common on the face, neck, armpit, buttocks, and thighs. You may have one or many boils. The condition may occur only once or it can be a long-lasting (chronic) problem.
A boil may begin as tender, pinkish-red, and swollen, on a firm area of the skin. Over time, it will feel like a water-filled balloon or
Pain gets worse as it fills with pus and dead tissue. Pain lessens when the boil drains. A boil may drain on its own. More often, the boil needs to be opened to drain.
The main symptoms of a boil include:
- A bump about the size of a pea, but may be as large as a golf ball
White or yellow center (
- Spread to other skin areas or joining with other boils
- Quick growth
- Weeping, oozing, or crusting
Other symptoms may include:
- General ill-feeling
- Itching before the boil develops
- Skin redness around the boil
Exams and Tests
The health care provider can usually diagnose a boil based on how it looks. A sample of cells from the boil may be sent to the lab for a
to look for staphylococcus or other bacteria.
Boils may heal on their own after a period of itching and mild pain. More often, they become more painful as pus builds up.
Boils usually need to open and drain in order to heal. This most often happens within 2 weeks. You should:
- Put warm, moist, compresses on the boil several times a day to speed draining and healing.
- Never squeeze a boil or try to cut it open at home. This can spread the infection.
- Continue to put warm, wet, compresses on the area after the boil opens.
You may need to have surgery to drain deep or large boils. Get treatment from your provider if:
- A boil lasts longer than 2 weeks.
- A boil comes back.
- You have a boil on your spine or the middle of your face.
- You have a fever or other symptoms with the boil.
- The boil causes pain or discomfort.
It is important to keep a boil clean. To do this:
- Clean boils and change their dressing often.
- Wash your hands well after touching a boil.
- DO NOT re-use or share washcloths or towels. Wash clothing, washcloths, towels, and sheets or other items that have touched infected areas in hot water.
- Throw out used dressings in a sealed bag so that fluid from the boil does not touch anything else.
Your provider may give you antibiotics to take by mouth, or a shot, if the boil is very bad or comes back.
Antibacterial soaps and creams cannot help much once a boil has formed.
Some people have repeated boil infections and are unable to prevent them.
Boils in areas like the ear canal or nose can be very painful.
Boils that form close together may expand and join, causing a condition called carbunculosis.
These complications may occur:
- Abscess of the skin, spinal cord, brain, kidneys, or other organ
- Brain infection
- Heart infection
- Bone infection
Infection of the blood or tissues (
- Spinal cord infection
- Spread of infection to other parts of the body or skin surfaces
- Permanent scarring
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your provider if boils:
- Appear on your face or spine
- Come back
- Do not heal with home treatment within 1 week
- Occur along with a fever, red streaks coming out from the sore, a large build-up of fluid in the area, or other symptoms of infection
- Cause pain or discomfort
The following may help prevent the spread of infection:
- Antibacterial soaps
- Antiseptic (germ-killing) washes
- Keeping clean (such as thorough hand washing)
Habif TP. Bacterial infections. In: Habif TP, ed.
Clinical Dermatology: A Color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy
. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 9.
Marks JG, Miller JJ. Localized erythema. In: Marks JG, Miller JJ, eds.
Lookingbill and Marks’ Principles of Dermatology
. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2013:chap 15.
Boil in Dentistry – French Dental Clinic Dental Alphabetical Index
Furuncle is a purulent-inflammatory disease limited to the hair follicle, popularly called an abscess. Considering that the hair follicles are located only in the skin, boils appear in various parts of it. Boils can be single or multiple. In the latter case, the disease is called furunculosis. When adjacent boils merge, a carbuncle, abscess or phlegmon may develop.
A huge number of bacteria live on human skin, which do not cause diseases in a healthy person, but can cause inflammatory processes under various conditions.
The following factors predispose to the occurrence of boils:
- Mechanical – damage to the surface layers of the skin (scratching – excoriation, scratches – abrasions)
- Chemical – exposure to irritants (detergents and cleaning agents, acids, alkalis)
- Thermal – hypothermia or overheating of skin areas containing hair.
All of these factors reduce the protective functions of the skin and the body’s immune system, which leads to the fact that bacteria on its surface begin to multiply rapidly. Local immune cells fight bacteria by destroying them. As a result, small vesicles of various sizes are formed in the thickness of the skin, filled with pus, which is phagocytes with decay products of its own cells and bacteria damaged by the inflammatory process.
Stages of boil development:
- Papule – thickening of the tissue at the base of the hair with redness on the surface.
- Folliculitis – inflammation of the hair follicle.
- Pustula- the formation of a whitish bubble filled with pus or the ripening of a boil.
- Opening the furuncle cavity and evacuating the contents – opening the bubble with cleansing the cavity – a favorable course.
- Scarring is a healing process at the site of an abscess, accompanied by the development of connective tissue in the form of a scar.
After opening the abscess, a crater-shaped ulcer forms, which heals quickly with appropriate treatment.
- Formation of multiple boils – involvement of adjacent skin areas in the inflammatory process.
- Carbuncle – formation of multiple ulcers from one hair follicle.
- Abscess – fusion into one cavity of adjacent boils, limited by a capsule from the surrounding tissues.
- Phlegmon – unlimited spread of pus in the intermuscular spaces, or in the subcutaneous tissue.
- Sepsis – the spread of infection throughout the body.
Since the boil is a purulent-inflammatory disease, for successful treatment it is necessary to remove pus, which requires washing the furuncle with bactericidal preparations. It is categorically impossible to remove boils on your own, since when the pus is squeezed out, the tissues that surround it are crushed. In this case, pus and bacteria through small blood vessels enter the circulatory system and are carried by the blood to all organs.This condition is called a general infection of the body – sepsis and is very dangerous.
It is especially dangerous to independently remove boils on the face, where the features of the vessels are such that the superficial capillaries communicate with the cranial cavity. In this regard, the infection can enter the brain, causing meningitis or encephalitis.
Treatment should be carried out by a surgeon in a specialized office. In the case of a boil on the face, it is recommended to contact a maxillofacial surgeon.With furunculosis, plasma cleansing may be required – plasmapheresis and the use of antibiotics.
Treatment of furunculosis in a cat in the veterinary clinic Zhivago
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90,000 Furuncles in intimate places, chirias and pimples in the groin in men: causes and treatment
A furuncle in the groin of men worries many of the stronger sex.A purulent inflammation of the hair follicle occurs, as a result of which the soft tissues surrounding the affected bulb become inflamed.
An abscess is formed for various reasons (hypothermia, poor personal hygiene), staphylococci enter the body and provoke inflammation of the follicle.
How the boil develops
There are several stages of development and growth of the abscess. Among them are the following stages:
- A small area of skin over the affected hair follicle turns red and swells slightly.Men experience irritation and discomfort in the perineal area. Itching and burning are possible.
- The boil grows, increasing in size. The abscess thickens and rises above the surface of the skin. The diameter ranges from one to three centimeters, and a rod ripens inside the boil. Additional symptoms include pulsation inside the abscess, severe swelling, painful sensations. It hurts a man to walk and sit. The body temperature may also rise, many feel weakness and headache. This is due to the intoxication of the body.
- The boil in the groin of men finally ripens, and the furuncle bulb is opened. Pus and other contents leak out.
- In the final stage, the skin tightens and the wound heals. For a quick recovery, you should follow the rules of personal hygiene, regularly wash the perineum and treat the wound site with antiseptics.
You can consider the development of abscesses in the photos that are presented on the site.
Reasons for the appearance of
Under favorable conditions, staphylococci enter the hair follicle and cause inflammation of the follicle.The bulb fills with pus and gradually the surrounding soft tissues are involved in the process.
The main causes of boils in the groin:
Advice from a dermatologist … Itching, rash and flaking of the skin signals that the body is screaming about problems. What these symptoms say, we asked the chief physician Rykov Sergei Vladimirovich … Read more …
- Decreased immunity – this may be associated with long-term chronic diseases. Sometimes boils occur after a man has had an infection, most often a genitourinary disease.
- Insufficient personal hygiene – with a rare shower, prolonged wearing of tight and dirty clothes, bacteria accumulate in the genital area.
- Hypothermia – if a man has been sitting on a cold chair for a long time, etc., then his hair follicles become clogged and furunculosis develops.
- Hormonal diseases – during diabetes mellitus and other endocrine disorders, immunity is significantly reduced. This causes boils to appear.
Also, abscesses appear with vitamin deficiency, unbalanced nutrition, increased skin moisture (hyperhidrosis), with improper depilation of the groin area.
How to treat furunculosis
Doctors use two methods of treatment:
- therapeutic or drug treatment;
- surgical intervention.
The method depends on the stage of development. In the initial stages, traditional treatment is recommended. Doctors prescribe antibiotics to drink for boils. Staphylococci, bacteria that provoke the development of abscesses, are sensitive to antibacterial drugs.
Among the most common drugs it is recommended to use:
- Doxycillin is a tetracycline antibiotic.The daily dose is 400 mg, the duration of administration is from 7 to 10 days;
- Levofloxacin – therapy continues for 5 days, the recommended daily dosage is 500 mg;
- Gentamicin – this antibiotic is administered intramuscularly, twice a day, two milliliters. The treatment is carried out within 7 days.
Antimicrobial agents have a detrimental effect on the intestinal microflora. Along with antibiotics, you should drink a course of probiotics that support the state of the digestive system.It can be: Linex, Acipol, Bifiform, etc.
Boils must be treated with antiseptics. Several times a day, it is lubricated with salicylic alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. Next, anti-inflammatory ointments are applied to the abscess. They accelerate ripening.
Among the ointments used:
- Ichthyol ointment;
- Vishnevsky ointment.
After the boil is opened, Levomekol is applied to the wound.This remedy accelerates tissue regeneration, helps wound healing.
All ointments are applied to the abscess, then a sterile bandage is applied to it. Before applying the ointment, the boil should be treated with alcohol or other antiseptic.
When the first symptoms of an abscess appear, consult a doctor. He will tell you how to treat the boil, which antibiotic is right for you. Self-medication will not be beneficial.
In the later stages, doctors resort to prompt opening of the abscess, regardless of the reason for its appearance.The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Surgeons treat the lesion site with medical alcohol and open it with a scalpel. The content comes out.
The cavity of the former boil is washed with furacilin solution or hydrogen peroxide. A rubber tourniquet is applied to the wound, it is kept for two to three days.
The incision site is treated with anti-inflammatory ointments. Sometimes, in addition, doctors prescribe to drink a course of antibiotics of the general spectrum of action. This is a preventive measure to avoid contamination of the body.
Many men wonder how to treat boils with folk remedies? The application of baked onions (at the stage of infiltration) will help speed up the growth process. After opening, the wound can be treated with lotions with aloe or Kalanchoe juice.
However, it is strictly not recommended to treat boil on your own. Consequences – the infection will penetrate the lymph flow and bloodstream, other organs will be infected.
There are a number of preventive measures that can help you avoid the appearance of boils or recurrence of the disease.
- Regular personal hygiene of the body – men should take a shower with a special gel every day;
- Strengthening the immune system – taking vitamins, proper nutrition and regular exercise;
- with increased sweating, it is worth using powders that reduce sweating of the sebaceous glands;
- after depilation, the skin should be treated with antiseptics.
Also, men should avoid drafts, hypothermia and excessive overheating of the body.
Furuncle is an unpleasant and painful inflammation of the hair follicle. When abscesses appear, many people do not know which doctor to consult. Chiri is treated by a surgeon.
Doctors warn! Shocking statistics – it is established that more than 74% of skin diseases are a risk of infection by parasites (Ackapida, Giardia, Tokcokapa).
Glists inflict colocular harm to organism, and our immune system is the first to suffer, which must protect organism from various diseases.
The head of the Institute of Parasitology shared a secret, how quickly to get rid of them and cleanse their skin, it seems sufficient … Read more …
In the initial stages, they can be cured therapeutically. In other cases, they are opened surgically under local anesthesia.
Furuncle in the groin in men
A furuncle in the groin in men is not a common problem. The disease requires additional diagnostics to identify the cause.
Causes of boils in the groin should be divided into the following groups:
- Decrease in the protective properties of the body, in which the body becomes susceptible to various bacterial or viral agents. Inflammation develops against the background of chronic pathologies or accidentally entering the body.
- Poor living conditions, lack of regular hygiene procedures, regular change of linen, use of clothes from other persons.
- Frequent regular hypothermia, which reduces the body’s resistance to protection from bacteria and increased reproduction of conditionally pathogenic flora on the surface of the skin.
- Decreased local immunity when using inappropriate underwear, regular rubbing, a razor with an old reusable blade.
- Increased activity of the sweat glands in the genital area. The local temperature rises, the ducts in the sweat gland open and the multiplication of bacterial agents increases.
- Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition. Lack of vitamins and useful microelements reduces the protective properties of the body, excessive intake of foods related to fast carbohydrates increases the risk of developing diabetes mellitus.
- Contact with an infected person who has pimples in the groin.
There are other reasons for the appearance of abscesses, which are revealed during an individual conversation with the patient.
Stages of development of a boil
Furuncle, like any disease, has several stages in development:
- Stage 1.The skin in the area of the affected area turns red in the area where the hair follicle is localized. In redness, the development of swelling is noted, which is accompanied by discomfort and itching of the skin.
- Stage 2. Redness and swelling increase, the development of pain joins. Gradually, the lesion increases in size with an average diameter of up to 3 cm. In the middle part, a lesion forms with the appearance of a white or greenish head, which can be seen in the photo. On palpation, fluctuation and softening appear.
- Stage 3. At this stage, the focus is maturing, followed by opening and release of pus into the environment.
- Stage 4. The stage of healing of the focus in which a crust is formed at the site of dissection, followed by tension of the skin. The duration of each is individual and depends on the state of immunity and the use of drugs.
Although it is easy to identify, it is necessary to include basic diagnostic measures, which will include:
- Examination of the lesion with an assessment of the involvement of the lymph nodes, palpation and determination of the stage of the boil.Men are interested in the question of which doctor to go to. A surgeon deals with a similar problem.
- Taking a smear in the presence of a fluctuation zone or at the stage of opening a boil. For the study, purulent material is placed on a microscope slide for bacterioscopy. When analyzing a smear, the type of pathogen is assessed.
- Evaluation of bacteria for antibiotic susceptibility. This method is necessary for a recurrent or massive process. When it is carried out, the likelihood of developing drug resistance is reduced.It allows you to determine which antibiotic to choose.
Treatment of a boil involves the use of medication or surgery. How to treat a boil in the groin in men is decided by a specialist.
The choice of drug treatment depends on the stage at which the pathological process is located:
- At the first stage, drug treatment is aimed at accelerating the maturation of the focus, more rapid formation of a purulent formation and its extension to the surface of the skin.These methods include:
- Salicylic alcohol. The solution can be applied to the affected area several times a day or applied lotions that will enhance the release of pus to the skin. The duration of treatment is individual and depends on the rate of occurrence of fluctuations.
- Ichthyol ointment. Applying ichthyol ointment can be used as a substitute for salicylic alcohol. After the formation of the head, it is necessary to stop applying the ointment.
- The second stage of the process involves the administration of antibacterial agents.Until the opening of the boil, it is recommended to use antibiotics in a systemic form. From local funds, solutions are used that exhibit hypertensive properties.
- The third involves the use of local and systemic antibiotics. In the absence of a determination of individual sensitivity, antibiotics are prescribed for boils of a wide spectrum of action. The preference is given to the group of penicillins, cephalosporins, etc. Among the local preparations, antibiotic ointments such as Levomekol are used.
- Fourth stage. This stage, against the background of normal immunity and the absence of chronic pathologies, does not require treatment. In a difficult process, medications are used that have a healing effect. These include depantol or actovegin.
Surgical treatment is a necessary measure in case of development of intoxication or the presence of a large area with an inflammatory reaction. The procedure involves opening the lesion with adequate drainage and the possible placement of a drainage or tampon.
An autopsy can be performed at the stage of the appearance of fluctuations, when the affected area is delimited from the surrounding tissues. If necessary, after opening, antibiotics are injected into the focus.
The procedure is painless, local anesthesia can be used against the background of a large lesion.
Of great importance in preventing the development of repeated boils, it is required to observe preventive measures, which include:
- Carrying out regular hygiene measures that are aimed at removing dirt, sweat particles, as well as bacterial agents that multiply on the surface of the skin.
- Increasing the body’s defenses. To increase immunity, it is required to include proper nutrition, exercise, and hardening in the diet.
- Selection of underwear, which are made from natural materials, selected according to the size and model, which prevent chafing of the skin.
- In the presence of systemic diseases, regularly treat and monitor their condition. Diabetes mellitus involves the control of glucose levels with the appointment of insulin.
How to treat a disease with folk remedies is determined by the doctor.
Doctors warn! Shocking statistics – it is established that more than 74% of skin diseases are a risk of infection by parasites (Ackapida, Giardia, Tokcokapa).
Glists inflict colocular harm to organism, and our immune system is the first to suffer, which must protect organism from various diseases.
The head of the Institute of Parasitology shared a secret, how quickly to get rid of them and cleanse their skin, it seems sufficient … Read more …
https: // www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbiUc_bx6TQ
When foci appear, self-treatment of the boil is not recommended, as this leads to the formation of a chronic process with recurrence. The consequences of untimely treatment cause drug resistance.
Furuncles in intimate places: TOP treatment methods | ARMEDICA ELITE
A furuncle in the groin area is very common in women. As a rule, it is not hazardous to health, but it can cause severe discomfort.With primary pain, the problem takes on a completely different form. If pain occurs, it is necessary to treat the abscess.
Of course, being in an intimate area puts many women in an awkward position, and they give up the idea of visiting a doctor. But self-medication is extremely dangerous, because it is not known what consequences an abscess can lead to.
Moreover, a furuncle on the labia may be the first “alarming” call to the emergence of a serious pathology.
Furunculosis is a purulent disease that is completely safe for women, but causes severe discomfort. It most often occurs on skin that is constantly moisturized (excessive sweating). As a rule, this is the area of the armpits or groin. The boil must be urgently removed, because it is not known what consequences it can lead to.
Causes of occurrence
From a medical point of view, a purulent abscess is formed from an infectious bacteria – staphylococcus.This bacterium, when it enters the epidermis, causes severe damage to the hair follicles, resulting in inflammation.
As a rule, an abscess forms on the scalp, but as mentioned above, it most often occurs on the armpit and groin. The inflammation caused by the staphylococcus bacterium completely affects the bulb, moreover, nearby tissues are at risk.
With the progression of the inflammatory process, the boil accumulates pus, which is almost impossible to squeeze out on its own.As a result, a furuncle in the groin grows from an inconspicuous pimple to an impressive size. Physically, this is manifested by discomfort in the groin area, redness and pain.
In fact, an inflammatory process takes place inside the skin, affecting the hair follicle and soft tissue at the site of the lesion.
Staphylococcus aureus provokes inflammation in the epidermis with the following factors:
- The immune system has failed. The body, being in a weakened state, is not able to withstand the attack of microbes and bacteria.
- Heavy contamination of the skin. Even a person who fully follows all the rules of hygiene will not be able to maintain the cleanliness of the skin at the required level, and at the most appropriate moment bacteria will penetrate deep into the skin and provoke inflammation. This is especially true in the groin area, which is the most favorable place for the development of bacteria.
- Hypothermia. Due to severe hypothermia, the human skin weakens, as a result, this can become one of the reasons for the formation of inflammation of the hair follicle.
- Excessive sweating. A humid environment is the most favorable for the development of bacteria, therefore staphylococcus begins to multiply actively, thereby creating the necessary conditions for the occurrence of a purulent abscess.
- Disrupted metabolism. The diet must be correct and competently composed.
- Incorrectly fitted underwear. Wearing synthetic materials creates favorable conditions for infection.
- Any damage to the skin.For bacteria to penetrate into the epidermis, a minor cut or scratch is enough.
- Careless shaving of the groin. When depilation of the groin, it is necessary to use only new razors, and after the completion of the procedure, treat the entire groin area with a special disinfectant.
Non-compliance with personal hygiene, increases the chance of a boil by 50%.
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Is the disease contagious?
Almost every person has a question whether the boils that occur in intimate places are contagious.The inguinal abscess itself is not capable of infecting a person in any way. However, if you remove the boil yourself, the pus that comes out of it contains a sufficient number of pathogenic bacteria for the appearance of infection.
Inflammation develops in several stages and occurs as a result of the ingress of pus on uninfected skin in the groin area. As a result, phlegmon is formed – a diffuse inflammation with many provoking foci.
Most often, it is for this reason that it is forbidden to remove an abscess that has arisen.
Moreover, an inaccurately cleaned purulent abscess, without observing the necessary sanitary requirements, can lead to the penetration of bacteria into the bloodstream, which in turn leads to sepsis.
Furuncle in the groin in women has a periodic nature of development and develops in stages.
In the first stage, the groin begins to turn red (subtle rash), the affected area is slightly swollen, and slight itching occurs. Subcutaneous pus provokes an increase in temperature.At this stage, a boil can be easily confused with a regular pimple, which does not differ in the severity of the flow and severe discomfort.
The second stage is the main one. At this stage, the abscess completes its formation and reaches quite impressive sizes. Strong pain appears in the affected area, the inflamed skin becomes significantly denser.
The affected area is swollen and a slight pulsation can be felt when touched. The main size of a ripe abscess is from 1 to 3 cm in diameter.In the center of it there is a purulent rod with barely noticeable bubbles on the surface.
There is a strong fever in the affected area, muscle spasms, and in a more severe form – inflammation of the lymph nodes.
The third (final) stage is an immediate breakthrough with the release of the content outside. A rupture can occur as a result of the formation of excess pus, which literally breaks through the epidermis from the inside with tremendous pressure. This is a very painful and unpleasant process, accompanied by a strong temperature in the affected area and discomfort with any movement.
The last, fourth stage is the healing of the tear in the skin. The regenerative process can last up to two weeks. Throughout the entire period of regeneration of the skin, it is ideally necessary to perform all hygiene procedures in order to exclude the possibility of infection penetrating into the rupture.
The above stages are the period of formation of the abscess. It is worth noting that treatment in the first two stages will not be difficult and, as a rule, will be limited only to therapeutic procedures.The third stage requires surgery. We will talk about possible treatments, and also find out if it is possible to eliminate the abscess with the help of traditional medicine.
A purulent abscess in the groin is a very unpleasant and extremely painful phenomenon, therefore it is necessary to get rid of it in the early stages of development, before the appearance of secondary symptoms. To slow down (or completely stop) the formation process, it is enough to use compresses. As a rule, there are two types:
- cotton wool soaked in salicylic alcohol;
- Vishnevsky ointment or ichthyol ointment.
These methods are the most effective and can significantly alleviate the condition. However, they do not guarantee that the boil on the pubis will be healed, therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor who, depending on the stage of development and other accompanying symptoms, will prescribe a surgical or therapeutic intervention.
Surgical treatment is a direct intervention by a surgeon to remove accumulated subcutaneous pus.The operation takes place under local anesthesia, followed by the opening of the abscess and complete cleansing of pus.
After the patient undergoes postoperative physiotherapy and can leave the medical facility. There are practically no pains in the postoperative time, the chances of a successful operation are 100%.
The only drawback is a small scar that may remain due to surgery to remove the abscess.
Therapeutic treatment consists in treating the formed abscess with various antibacterial agents.The entire therapeutic session of the procedure is aimed at reducing the abscess, reducing inflammation and preventing possible negative consequences. The procedural line should take place under the direct supervision of a specialist who, in an emergency, will send for a surgical operation. In exceptional cases, topical antibiotics such as erythromycin, dicloxacillin or tetracycline can be prescribed to treat the abscess.
It should be noted that self-elimination of a subcutaneous abscess can lead to various consequences.From the return of former discomfort to severe damage to the epidermis.
Also, not completely clear the accumulated pus or transfer the foci of inflammation to the adjacent unaffected tissue.
In the most severe cases, blood poisoning can occur, as bacteria can easily seep into the bloodstream.
Of course, self-treatment is categorically contraindicated by specialists, especially at the progressive stage of the development of a purulent abscess.However, it will be quite useful to find out what traditional medicine can offer in the fight against formations in the groin area, because sometimes patients, due to embarrassment, do not dare to visit the doctor’s office for a long time.
How to treat a boil at home with the most relevant traditional methods:
- Mix evenly fir oil and Vishnevsky’s ointment, apply on a purulent abscess. Cover with cling film and wrap with a bandage. The compress is done at night.
- Softened raw buckwheat. Suitable for night use.
- Infusion on any anti-inflammatory herbs. It is necessary to pre-steam with boiling water and let it brew for a day. Apply to the abscess and apply warm clothes on top.
- Aloe leaves. Quite irrelevant, but very effective method. Soft, fresh leaves are applied to the resulting abscess. Aloe has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, therefore it is well suited for eliminating an abscess.Keep the leaves on the skin for several hours.
This problem must be taken seriously. A furuncle on the labia can cause many chain reactions and become a provoking cause of pathology. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out preliminary treatment with folk remedies in order to relieve the primary symptoms and inflammation.
Postoperative prophylaxis is essential to consolidate the results so that treatment is not wasted. A boil is an infectious disease that can recur if the treatment is not completed.As a rule, a number of prophylactic procedures is prescribed by a doctor, but some procedures can be performed independently. For the final elimination of inflammation in the groin area:
- adhere to all hygiene rules;
- it is desirable to lubricate the affected groin area with anti-inflammatory ointments;
- to temporarily stop any sexual intercourse;
90,013 visit a doctor once a week so that he can determine if the postoperative treatment is going well.
A fairly short list of procedures will help many women avoid negative consequences, as well as the formation of a new abscess.
Furunculosis is a rather unpleasant infectious disease that causes discomfort to any woman. In order to prevent the formation of purulent abscesses on the epidermis, it is enough to follow a number of some recommendations that will help avoid going to a doctor:
- Follow good daily hygiene practices.Performing standard procedures, which take 10 minutes, will help you reduce the chance of a boil.
- Do not wear tight, synthetic underwear.
- In case of any damage to the epidermis, it is necessary to treat the wound with an antiseptic or standard formic alcohol.
- If the abscess has begun to form, see a doctor. This will help avoid the possibility of surgery.
- Treatment with traditional medicine is possible only in the first two stages, then the operation is shown.It is forbidden to eliminate the formed abscess on your own. Otherwise, a purulent abscess can occur on any part of the skin.
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Causes of the appearance of boils in the groin in men
Furuncles in intimate places in a man are a sign of a reduced immune defense, a symptom of a disease caused by a pathogenic flora. Abscesses cause pain, suppuration, exclude the possibility of a normal sexual life.
Causes of the appearance of boils in the groin in a man and their danger
The reason for the formation of boils in intimate places in men is the defeat of the hair follicle by pathogenic flora. Most often, Staphylococcus aureus is detected in purulent masses. Possible infection with streptococcus, pyogenic bacteria, fungal flora.
The peculiarity of the intimate male zone is the presence of hair, sweat glands, the close location of the sex glands.
Factors contributing to the appearance of boils in the intimate male area:
- bacterial, viral infections in the recent past;
- non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene by a man as the cause of the appearance of boils;
- excessive observance of hygiene rules, frequent shaving in intimate places;
- treatment with aggressive drugs, cytostatics;
- reduced immune status – HIV infection, condition after organ transplantation;
- acute or chronic prostatitis;
- injuries to the groin area, skin in this area.
90,013 STDs, including HPV, candidiasis, hepatitis B and C;
Regardless of the cause of chiriev in intimate places, other parts of the body, the condition is dangerous to health.
A purulent process with untimely treatment can end with phlegmon, abscess, formation of fistulous passages in the intestine and perianal region, necrotic changes in the scrotum and testicles.
Furunculosis in the intimate sensitive area, which occurs in men, is accompanied by pain, impaired urination up to complete stenosis of the urethra, and problems with defecation.In the presence of a purulent process, sex life is impossible.
Features of localization and symptoms
The symptomatology of the disease depends on the stage of maturation of the boil in the intimate groin area of a man. Localization specifics – a classic boil is formed only on the hair follicle.
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A furuncle can be detected on the pubis, scrotum, perianal fold, upper part of the penis.They are not formed on the mucous membranes in the intimate sensitive area.
It can be a duct cyst, hydradenitis, atheroma or a wen. But not a boil caused by the reproduction of staphylococcal flora.
Symptoms of the disease at different stages:
- Infiltration formation – accompanied by the appearance of a tubercle on the man’s pubis, the base of the penis, perianal folds, swelling of the scrotum. There is hyperemia of the skin over the seal. When pressed, a sharp pain syndrome occurs.The neoplasm is felt only in the skin, not soldered to the muscle layer. At rest, pain is present. Depending on the location, problems with urination and defecation are possible. After 3-5 days, a white tip forms on the boil.
- Purulent-necrotic stage – the top of the abscess in the intimate area melts, the purulent masses flow, the necrotic rod leaves. The pain subsides, the signs of the inflammatory process, too.
- Healing – at this stage, the epithelialization of the wound occurs.After the healing of a small boil, the man does not have a scar. With the development of complications, prolonged inflammatory process, scar formation is possible.
The symptomatology of a boil in the intimate male area is similar to the manifestations of viral and bacterial STDs.
It is advisable to consult a doctor and exclude syphilis, genital herpes, sweat gland pathology, atheroma and other neoplasms of any genesis.
Effective methods of treatment in a man
Treatment is prescribed by the doctor based on the results of the examination.Boils in the intimate male area are a sign of a significant decrease in the immune defense in a man. Therefore, treatment is aimed at suppressing the cause of the purulent process, removing necrotic masses and restoring the protective functions of the body.
Methods for treating a boil in an intimate place:
Drug therapy – drugs are used to suppress pathogenic flora. It can be broad-spectrum antibiotics, antiseptics, antimycotics.
Additionally, ointments are shown to accelerate the ripening of an abscess – Vishnevsky liniment, ichthyol.In the early stages of boils, treatment of the abscess with a solution of iodine, brilliant green, helps. This contributes to the suppression of pathogenic flora in the hair follicle, suppression of the extensive inflammatory process. To accelerate maturation, physiotherapy procedures are shown – UHF.
After opening the boil in the intimate male area, the detachment of the necrotic rod, antiseptic agents are used – Chlorhexidine, Betadine, Miramistin – to treat the wound surface, healing and antibacterial ointments.The drug of choice is Levomekol, a tetracycline ointment.
Surgical treatment – opening a furuncle in the intimate groin area of a man. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. The doctor cuts the skin over the focus of the purulent-necrotic process, removes the rod, installs drainage.
An aseptic bandage is applied, antibiotics are prescribed in the form of ointments or tablets. Treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis, but with extensive boils in a man, a deterioration in the general condition, hospitalization is indicated.
After the withdrawal of the rod, purulent masses, the patient should come for dressing and wound treatment on the days appointed by the doctor. The surgeon will assess the cleanliness of the wound in the intimate area of the man, the rate of tissue epithelialization. During the normal course of healing, the drainage is removed.
Traditional medicine – comes down to the use of drugs of official medicine, various cakes, compresses and lotions to accelerate the maturation of a boil in the intimate painful area of a man. After opening the head of the boil, it is recommended to treat it with decoctions of herbs, alcoholic tinctures.
Furuncle in the groin of men and women: how to get rid of, how to treat? Ointment and antibiotics for boils in the groin in men and women
Causes and treatment of a furuncle in the groin in men and women.
Furuncle is a painful inflammation of the hair follicle and adjacent tissues, which is accompanied by a purulent process.
At first, the boil may look like a common pimple that does not require attention.
But, as a rule, approximately 12 hours after its appearance, inflammation of the sebaceous glands begins, which manifests itself as swelling and soreness.
If you do not start taking action at this stage, then the boil can begin to grow inward, and this can already lead to blood poisoning. Therefore, if you suspect that a boil has appeared in your groin, then do not hesitate, but immediately take adequate measures.
Furuncle, boil in the groin in men and women: symptoms, causes, photo
The initial stage of furunculosis Ripe boil Opening of the boil
Scientists have found that the most common cause of a boil is the staphylococcus bacterium.Once on the skin, it almost instantly begins to inflame the hair follicle, thereby provoking the development of a purulent process.
Therefore, if you notice that abscesses in your groin appear with enviable regularity, then be sure to get tested and find out if you have contracted staphylococcus. If this is so, then you will have to fight both the pathological bacterium and the furunculosis that it provokes.
Other causes of furuncles in the groin in men and women:
- Poor immunity .If the body’s defenses are at zero, then even the smallest injury to the skin in the groin area can lead to inflammation of the hair follicle and sebaceous glands.
- Incorrect power supply. Due to the fact that the internal organs do not receive the substances they need, the body works for wear and tear. And this leads to the fact that a person’s defenses are catastrophically reduced, and as a result, various inflammatory processes are activated.
- Untimely hygiene procedures. If a man or woman does not wash their genitals every day, sooner or later this will lead to the formation of boils in the groin area. This will happen due to the banal blockage of the sebaceous glands.
- Uncomfortable underwear. Tight or simply too small underpants can severely injure the skin in the groin. From constant friction, cracks will appear on it, into which pathogenic bacteria can enter and this will also lead to the appearance of boils.
- Excessive sweating. In this case, the so-called greenhouse effect is created under the linen, which contributes to the clogging of pores and inflammation of the hair follicle.
- Hypothermia. If a person is freezing all day long (sitting in a draft, washing with cold water, or simply dressing badly), then this greatly affects his immunity and, as a result, he no longer has the resources to fight furunculosis.
- Shave .Incorrect or inaccurate shaving of the groin area can lead to the appearance of wounds, into which the same staphylococcus or other pathogenic bacteria can subsequently enter.
Symptoms of a furuncle in the groin
Symptoms of a furuncle in the groin:
- At the first stage, you may feel only a little discomfort in the area where the furuncle will subsequently appear. Ate a noticeable change in the color of the skin can complement the picture.
- After a while, the pain begins to intensify, and a hard-to-touch seal appears inside the red spot.At this stage of the disease, a rather severe itching and palpable tingling sensation in the area of inflammation may appear.
- At the next stage, blood, lymph and pus begin to accumulate under the skin. All this leads to the fact that the pain sensations intensify, the seal increases in size and the so-called white head appears. If furunculosis is very acute, then temperature can be added to all the above symptoms.
- After the boil breaks out, blood, pus and stem come out of it.If you carried out the correct treatment, then after the follicle is cleansed of all that is superfluous, only a crater-shaped pit with slightly inflamed edges will remain on the skin. As it heals, the soreness of the skin will go away.
What antibiotics should I take for boils in the groin?
Antibiotics for furunculosis
As you probably already understood, a boil is a pathology that requires serious and timely therapy.
If you do not self-medicate and at least consult a doctor, you will find out that at the moment a large list of antibiotics is used to treat this problem.
The substances contained in such drugs help to kill pathogenic microflora in the shortest possible time and relieve the inflammation that it provoked.
And if earlier antibacterial treatment was prescribed exclusively for complicated furunculosis, which was accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes, now experts prescribe such therapy even if there is one boil on the body.
Most often, topical antibiotics are used to treat an inguinal abscess.They are good because they do not need to be taken orally, but can simply be applied to the affected area of the skin.
Similar products are sold in the form of ointments, gels and creams.
The main advantage of such drugs is that they, faster than tablets, can contribute to the release of pus.
In order to achieve a positive result, it will be enough to apply a sterile bandage to the boil 3 times a day (in this case, it will be attached with a plaster).
If such therapy does not give a result, and the number of boils in the groin only increases, then the patient must be prescribed internal antibiotic therapy.
Types of antibiotics for the treatment of furunculosis in the groin :
- Penicillin group. Very quickly penetrate the cells of our body, find damaged cells there and begin to intensely suppress their growth and reproduction.
- Group of cephalosporins. This type of antibiotics fights well against those microorganisms that are not noticed by the drugs of the penicillin group. Also, such funds quite effectively stop the spread of the purulent process, preventing it from penetrating deep into the tissues.
- Macrolide group. In their action, they are similar to all those groups of antibiotics with which we introduced you a little above, their only advantage is that they can be taken for quite a long time without harm to health.
- Group of aminoglycosides. More than other drugs are suitable for the treatment of boils in the groin. They fight very well with purulent abscess and sepsis, so their specialists are most often prescribed for the treatment of purulent wounds.
List of antibiotics for external use:
- Fusidin sodium
- Tetracycline ointment
- Erotrimycin ointment
List of antibiotics for internal use :
What ointment to treat a purulent abscess with furunculosis in the groin in men and women?
Ointments for furunculosis
If you want to get rid of a purulent abscess that has arisen in the area of the appearance of a boil as quickly as possible, then treat this problem in a comprehensive manner.
If you missed the right moment and a rod has already formed under the skin, then taking antibiotics in tablets may not be enough.
In order for the boil to open as quickly as possible, you will need to stimulate this process with special ointments.
And you must remember that any purulent abscess is treated in several stages.
First, you will need to promote the ripening of the boil, then, as soon as possible, draw out the pus from it, and after the wound is completely cleansed, do everything so that pathogenic bacteria do not get into it again.In view of this, for effective treatment of a purulent process, you will need at least three different ointments.
- Pulling ointments. Similar drugs, regardless of price and manufacturer, operate on the same principle. Once on the skin, they begin to irritate it, thereby increasing blood flow to the inflamed hair follicle. Against the background of this process, metabolic processes in the dermis are quite noticeably enhanced, and this leads to the fact that the abscess first matures and then opens without outside help.In addition, stretching ointments have a mild analgesic effect and slightly reduce itching. Such funds are applied under a sterile bandage on a boil treated with antiseptic agents. Pulling drugs include Vishnevsky’s ointment, ichthyol, syntomycin and heparin ointments.
- Antibacterial ointments. This type of ointment contains in its composition substances that disinfect the wound and kill the pathogenic microflora that remained on the skin after the use of stretching drugs.But remember, if you want antibacterial agents to have the correct effect on the boil, then before using them, be sure to treat the inflamed area with hydrogen peroxide. It will help remove the remnants of pus and blood from the wound, thereby contributing to a faster removal of inflammatory processes. This group includes the following ointments: Oflokain, Fastin, Streptonitol, Levosin, Khinifuril.
- Healing ointments. Means of such a plan can be used only after all the pus has come out of the wound and the redness and swelling have slightly decreased.With proper and regular use, healing ointments will help reduce itching, which almost always appears during the healing of an open wound, and will also contribute to the strengthening of regeneration processes in the dermis, which will allow the skin at the site of inflammation to recover as soon as possible. In the last stage of boil treatment, you can use Solcoseryl, Rescuer, Povidone Iodine or Liniment Aloe.
Prevention of furunculosis
Prevention of furunculosis
- If you do not want boils to ever appear on your body, then even after they disappear, try to take measures that will help you avoid recurring this problem.First of all, grab your immunity. Try to make sure that your body receives the maximum amount of nutrients it needs all year round. To do this, eat plenty of fruits and vegetables every day. Beyond that, review your daily routine.
- Try to stay up late and rest for at least 8 hours. Even such simple measures will help ensure that the body’s defenses are at a high level and can easily fight all pathological processes in the body.And, of course, do not forget about the daily hygiene of the intimate area. Daily washing will help to ensure that pathogenic bacteria, which most often cause the development of furunculosis, will not linger on the skin.
- In addition, try to carry out the depilation of the groin area as correctly as possible. Before starting to remove hairs, be sure to wash your skin with soap and treat with any antiseptic. After you carry out the depilation procedure, repeat all the manipulations again.
Video: Treatment of a boil Vishnevsky ointment, ichthyol ointment, levomekol
90,000 Staphylococcus aureus and White Staphylococcus Attack / Health / Nezavisimaya Gazeta
According to statistics, 20% of people on Earth are carriers of these types of viruses
Furuncle is a serious ailment in which you cannot do without medical help. Photo Depositphotos / PhotoXPress.ru
Furuncle (in everyday life – boil) is a fairly common ailment among adults and children.This is an acute purulent-necrotic inflammation of the hair follicle and surrounding tissue caused by the introduction of Staphylococcus aureus. In some cases, the causative agent of the infection is the so-called white staphylococcus aureus. These two types of bacteria are widespread in the environment: street dust, rooms with insufficient ventilation, homes, clothing. Staphylococci can inhabit the skin and mucous membranes of a person without causing disease. According to statistics, 20% of people on Earth are carriers of these microorganisms.
Most often, a boil appears on such areas of the body as the armpits, chest, groin, buttocks, but it can also be on the face, in the nose, in the ear. Boils are single and multiple. In the latter case, when a rash of boils occurs, they speak of furunculosis, or staphyloderma.
Among the causes of this skin disease, we should first of all note weakened immunity and metabolic disorders, especially carbohydrate metabolism.In addition, pollution and microtrauma of the skin, non-observance of hygiene rules, hypovitaminosis, poor nutrition, chronic ailments, such as diabetes mellitus, contribute to its appearance.
The initial signs of the onset of this disease include itching and tingling in a limited area of the skin. Then, at the site of inflammation, a small, painful red nodule forms when touched. It gradually increases in size and soon an abscess appears in its center.If you experience these symptoms, you should see a doctor. It should be emphasized that in no case should you squeeze out and pierce the boil! Such self-medication can lead to such serious complications as sepsis (blood poisoning) or acute thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein, accompanied by the formation of a blood clot).
The greatest threat is a boil located on the face, especially in the lips and nose. Here is an extensive network of blood and lymphatic vessels, contributing to the rapid spread of infection.So, it can enter the brain and cause purulent meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain). Other possible complications include lymphangitis (inflammation of the lymphatic vessels) and regional lymphadenitis (inflammation of the lymph node).
In a word, a boil is a serious ailment in which you cannot do without medical help. It is all the more necessary if the patient has a fever and signs of intoxication (poisoning) appear – weakness, headache, nausea.
First of all, the patient needs good rest and good nutrition. As for drugs, vitamins and drugs are prescribed to strengthen the immune system. If necessary, antibacterial drugs are used, the action of which is aimed at preventing complications. A medical procedure such as a patient’s own blood transfusion also has a good effect. Diet plays an important role in treatment. So, in the diet, you should limit the use of carbohydrate and fatty foods, hot spices.The menu can include boiled meat and fish, black bread, buckwheat and oatmeal, rich in B vitamins, as well as dairy products.
As for local treatment, at the initial stage it consists in treating the area of inflammation with an antiseptic solution. This procedure is repeated when the boil ripens and opens. To accelerate the maturation process, physiotherapeutic procedures are shown to the patient in the absence of temperature. After opening and removing the pus, a bandage with antimicrobial ointment is applied to the area.With recurrent boils, a course of immunotherapy is carried out using a special vaccine. In cases where the boil threatens to turn into an abscess (abscess), they resort to surgical intervention.
The best preventive measure is a healthy lifestyle that has a positive effect on the immune system. And this, in turn, helps to strengthen the body’s defenses against the introduction of the pathogen. It is necessary to eat regularly and fully, to prevent violations of the work and rest regime, to observe the rules of personal hygiene.In addition, it is important to temper the body, engage in physical education and sports.
Discussion of skin problems with a dermatovenerologist of EuroMed clinic
In summer, in the heat, various dermatological diseases often appear or worsen. Who among us has not encountered irritation, redness of the skin, incomprehensible rashes or an allergic reaction to plants or insect bites in the summer? Together with Elena Anatolyevna FEOKTISTOVA, dermatovenerologist of the EuroMed Clinic, we talk about the most common “summer” troubles with the skin.
In the warm months, new disease-provoking factors appear in our lives: heat and, as a result, increased sweating, active solar irradiation, sudden temperature changes from heat to cool, a large number of plants and insects with which we are in daily contact. And all this can lead to certain problems that appear on our skin.
Acne Mallorca is also sometimes called “summer acne”.Hot days provoke increased sweating, the sun dries out the skin, and as a result, the sebaceous glands become clogged, leading to acne. Cosmetics that clog the skin can also be a provoking factor for the appearance of such rashes.
Most often, the rash is localized on the chest and between the shoulder blades – there are many sebaceous glands in these places, and sweat is concentrated here.
Acne that appears in the summer and disappears on its own in the winter.
Against the background of increased sweating, streptococcal and staphylococcal infections may appear.
Streptococci and staphylococci are bacteria that cause the development of many diseases, and not only dermatological. Streptococcal and staphylococcal infections are very diverse: they can be diseases of the skin, respiratory system, digestion, genitalia, etc. Diseases caused by a bacterial infection are usually difficult and can lead to complications.
Staphylococcal infection is transmitted in various ways: food, contact, aerosol, air-dust. To prevent the spread of bacteria, it is important to observe personal hygiene, thoroughly wash your hands, food, dishes, children’s toys, and regularly do wet cleaning in the room.
Staphylococci can persist for a long time in the food environment, products of animal origin (animals also suffer from staphylococcal infections) are at risk of infection: in unboiled milk, uncooked meat, soft-boiled eggs, in fermented milk products, in ice cream, in confectionery.
Symptoms of Bacterial Infection
Often, the presence of a staphylococcal or streptococcal infection can be judged by skin lesions. A bacterial infection can cause the appearance of boils, phlegmons, abscesses, sycosis (inflammation of the hair follicles), pyoderma (purulent skin lesions), burn-like skin syndrome, etc. Streptococcal infection can cause erysipelas, which is characterized by the appearance of severe itching, burning, redness of the skin.
It is important to understand that these infections do not only affect the skin, and can manifest themselves in a variety of other symptoms.
Changes in temperature when we go into an air-conditioned room from the heat or get into a cool car or bus can lead to an exacerbation of herpes, both simple and shingles.
Herpes is a viral, highly contagious disease that is manifested by the appearance of small painful blisters on the skin.The herpes virus can live in the human body for years, and manifest itself with a decrease in immunity, hypothermia, stress. There is herpes simplex and herpes zoster.
Simple is localized on the lips, on the genitals. It can go further and cause inflammation of the oral mucosa – stomatitis, which in turn can turn into herpetic sore throat.
Herpes zoster is a relative of chickenpox. This disease is caused by the same virus. That is, after a person has had chickenpox, a virus could lurk in his body, and in such a “sleeping” mode the virus can exist in the body for decades! And manifest itself at the moment of weakening of the immune system, stress, overwork, etc.herpes zoster can lead to the development of herpes zoster – an extremely unpleasant and painful disease and herpetic neuralgia – a very painful condition.
- Small vesicles, filled with cloudy liquid, painful rashes on the lips, mouth, genitals.
- Pain, itching in places of rashes.
- Painful eruptions on the chest, on one side, along the rib; sometimes on the neck.
- Severe intercostal pain (with herpes zoster).
Post-traumatic microbial eczema
This disease can develop against the background of insect bites, mosquitoes, midges, cuts, abrasions, rubbed feet, sunburn and other skin lesions that are so common in summer. Individual skin reaction to damage, especially against the background of reduced immunity or hereditary predisposition, or metabolic failure, etc. can lead to microbial eczema.
Symptoms of post-traumatic microbial eczema
- swelling and redness of the skin;
- A rash in the form of blisters, sometimes filled with pus;
- the formation of crusts at the sites of the opening of the bubbles.
If untreated, post-traumatic microbial eczema becomes chronic.
Contact dermatitis is a generic term for dermatological diseases that result from direct skin exposure to irritating chemicals.There are three types of this disease:
Simple contact dermatitis, which develops as a result of exposure to the skin of chemical irritants (acids, alkalis).
Allergic contact dermatitis can be caused by contact with metals, latex, dyes, plants, cosmetics, medicinal ointments, sunscreens.
Phototoxic contact dermatitis is an individual reaction to ultraviolet light, the so-called sun allergy.
- Contact dermatitis develops exclusively on the area of the skin that has been in contact with the allergen. Symptoms may not appear immediately, but several days after contact.
- local redness, edema
- eruptions in the form of bubbles filled with liquid
This is a superficial inflammatory lesion of the skin, usually develops in places of skin folds, contacting surfaces.Most often, this disease occurs in children. The main causes of the development of the disease are increased sweating, fungal and streptococcal infections, metabolic disorders.
- skin redness (without sharp boundaries with a healthy area)
- blister rash
- abrasions with indistinct outlines, cracks
- pain, burning in places of skin damage
- bad smell
If you notice any of the above symptoms in yourself, do not delay – contact a dermatologist! Most diseases, with their seeming harmlessness, do not go away on their own, and can either flow into a chronic form, or provoke the development of more severe conditions.Modern medicine allows you to quickly diagnose a disease, and quickly help you get rid of it.
Did you know?
An uneven tan may indicate that you have a fungal infection – pityriasis (multicolored) lichen!
It is a chronic fungal infection that affects the surface layers of the skin. The fungus can become active against the background of increased sweating. The fungus causes non-inflammatory patches on the skin that are not particularly noticeable on tanned skin.But these spots do not tan and do not absorb ultraviolet light. As a result, when the entire skin darkens, the places affected by the fungus remain white. Over time, these spots continue to grow. They are localized, most often, on the back and chest, less often on the shoulders and abdomen, scalp.
Removal of a boil on the face, body in St. Petersburg – treatment and opening of a boil | Medical center
Furuncle is a local purulent inflammation of the hair follicle that can occur on any part of the body, including the face.Almost every person has encountered this disease in his life. However, not everyone knows how to properly treat it and whether it can be done at home.
Many patients are interested in causes of a boil on the body and its treatment. The reasons for the appearance of boils – the penetration of staphylococcal infection into the hair follicle from the surface of the skin. The circumstances of such “migration” are diverse, but it is possible to single out the factors that most often provoke this process.
Predisposing causes of boil:
- Non-observance of hygiene rules;
- Itching on the skin;
- Excessive sweating;
- Violation of the integrity of the skin;
- Allergic reaction;
- Decreased immunity;
A furuncle can occur on any part of the skin, but most often a furuncle appears on the face and in physiological folds (under the breast, axillary areas, under the buttocks).Not long before visual manifestations, sharp painful sensations appear at the site of future inflammation. Gradually, the skin in a certain place becomes red, thickens, and then begins to rise above the general level.
What does a boil look like? In the development of the boil, a certain staging can be distinguished:
- Compaction stage. Lasts 1-2 days. Edema, redness and temperature of the skin in the area of inflammation of the hair follicle gradually increase;
- Stage of necrosis.The crimson furuncle acquires a rich cyanotic color, which is associated with local circulatory disorders as a result of edema. Fluctuation (tissue softening) is gradually formed, which manifests itself in the form of the appearance of a white “button” at the very top. It is through this place that the furuncle is opened and its purulent contents flow out;
- Healing stage. After the complete separation of the purulent component, pain, redness, swelling and body temperature quickly subside.Healing occurs quickly enough, within a few days. First, a crust forms at the site of the former inflammatory process, which disappears without the formation of scar tissue.
Diagnostics and clinic of a boil are quite simple and do not cause difficulties for experienced surgeons. This is the case when the diagnosis is made by visual examination and no special instrumental research methods are required.The analysis of the patient’s blood is important, because it is necessary to assess the scale of inflammatory processes in the body. Also, doctors prescribe a glucose test without fail, because quite often such purulent inflammations are combined with diabetes mellitus.
Treatment of a boil
The surgeon will tell you how to get rid of the boil. The fact is that the optimal treatment of the boil is carried out only surgically. You can carry out such an operation in our clinic “MedProsvet”.
Sometimes it is possible to treat without surgery with the help of special drugs that “pull” the purulent contents outward and accelerate the self-opening of the boil.However, this method of treatment is permissible only under the condition of constant supervision of surgeons. But often it is not justified in terms of expenditure of effort, time and money. It is much easier, faster and more painless (in the clinic “Medprosvet” modern anesthetics are used) to open the boil surgically.
In a sterile dressing room, the doctor will anesthetize the required area of the skin and remove the boil by opening and draining it. After that, it is necessary to apply a sterile gauze bandage and apply an antibacterial ointment.Over the next week, you need to change the dressings to sterile daily.
In some cases, a boil can heal on its own when it spontaneously opens. But at the same time it is important that all the purulent contents come out. If this does not happen, complications of the boil may occur. One of the most common is an abscessed boil. In the absence of adequate therapy and difficulty for self-opening, the purulent pimple gradually increases in size, involving all large areas of the skin in the pathological process.As a result, it turns into an abscess. An abscess, in turn, can lead to sepsis (blood poisoning).
Where to cure a boil?
In St. Petersburg, you can cure a boil in our multidisciplinary medical center “MedProsvet”. At the optimal time, you will get a consultation with an experienced surgeon, you will receive fast, high-quality and modern assistance. Registration is carried out both by phone and online through the site.
90,000 Acne, boils, dermatomycosis
Skin, its smooth, silky surface of uniform color – is one of the main indicators of human health.The appearance of various redness, acne, boils, dermatomycosis is a sure signal of malfunctions inside the body. What exactly – the doctor will help to identify. And the first one worth visiting is, of course, a dermatologist. Here are just the reasons for such unpleasant phenomena can be latent pathological processes, chronic diseases, their doctor of this specialty may not “master”, redirecting the patient to an endocrinologist.
Make an appointment with a specialist through the website
The latter can be visited at the “Practical Medicine” medical center in Yuzhny Butovo.We employ a first-class specialist who will be able to return the skin to its original healthy appearance by timely diagnosing a number of endocrine system diseases and prescribing their treatment.
Causes of acne, boils, dermatomycosis
Often elementary non-observance of personal hygiene becomes the root cause of skin diseases. For the most part, this concerns acne and acne, they torment adolescents and older people. They can also be caused by hormonal surges when adolescence lasts, increased secretion of the sebaceous glands, the abuse of cosmetics by women, the latter clogs the pores.Regular cleansing of the skin – 2-3 times a day, with special means will help fight acne.
An unbalanced diet, dominated by fatty and smoked foods, also increases the likelihood of acne. However, their exogenous origin is only a special case, and there can be many more primary sources of discomfort, especially when it comes to boils and dermatomycosis.
The cause of the first is the bacterium staphylococcus, which causes inflammation of the hair follicle, the second is a fungal infection, which can be “picked up” anywhere – swimming pools, public baths, the beach.However, external penetration of the infection into the body is not the only option. Often, its appearance is provoked by chronic ailments and other factors, among them:
- Avitaminosis, unhealthy diet, especially the lack of essential vitamins and minerals. The body does not receive the substances it needs and becomes weaker, unable to protect itself from “enemies” – infectious diseases.
- Negative ambient atmosphere that adversely affects health through polluted air, unclean water, high radiation.
- Metabolic disorders also cannot ensure the full functioning of the body, which results in the appearance of health problems.
- Weakened immunity, which cannot oppose anything to external stimuli.
- Hormonal disruption, an imbalance that causes not only dermatomycosis, but also more terrible ailments.
- Diabetes mellitus and other functional disorders of the endocrine system often become sources of furunculosis for no apparent reason.
The doctor working in our clinic, Nikita Aleksandrovich Taller, will help diagnose diseases from the last item on the list. He not only listens carefully and examines the patient, but he himself will conduct the necessary research, analyzes, to obtain the most reliable clinical picture.
Behind the doctor’s shoulders is a successful study at one of the best medical universities in the country – the Pirogov Institute, an extensive inpatient practice on the basis of the Endocrinological Institute, where he still works.The doctor is ready to help the patients of our clinic, conducting receptions here for many years, after which the patients remain happy and healthy. Come to the doctor and you, to forever forget about unpleasant acne, boils, dermatomycosis, if they are caused by disturbances in the functioning of the endocrine system.