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Heat rash – Healthily

What is prickly heat?

Prickly heat, also known as miliaria, is an itchy rash of small, raised red spots that causes a stinging or prickling sensation on the skin.

The rash can develop anywhere on the body, but it most commonly occurs on your face, neck, back, chest and thighs.

The rash is made up of tiny spots or bumps that are surrounded by an area of red skin. The spots sometimes look like tiny blisters. They can cause mild swelling, itching and a stinging or intense prickling sensation.

Read more about the symptoms of prickly heat.

What causes prickly heat?

Prickly heat usually develops when a person sweats more than usual, such as during hot or humid weather. However, it is also possible to get prickly heat in the winter.

The condition is caused when the body’s sweat glands become blocked. Excessive sweating can result in sweat becoming trapped beneath your skin. The trapped sweat causes skin irritation and the characteristic heat rash.

Read more about the causes of prickly heat.

Treating prickly heat

Prickly heat does not require any specific treatment and the rash usually disappears after a few days.

Avoiding the heat by staying in the shade and wearing loose cotton clothing will help ease your symptoms.

Applying calamine lotion will soothe the affected area of skin. You can also use hydrocortisone cream if your skin is particularly sore and itchy.

Read more about treating prickly heat.

Who gets prickly heat?

Anyone can get prickly heat but people who are overweight or obese are more likely to be affected. This is because they tend to sweat more than people who are slimmer.

Babies and children are also more at risk of getting prickly heat because their sweat glands are not fully developed.

Symptoms of prickly heat

The main symptom of prickly heat is an itchy rash that is made up of small, raised red spots.

The rash usually appears a few days after exposure to hot temperatures. Occasionally, the symptoms of prickly heat do not appear for several weeks or months.

Prickly heat rash

The prickly heat rash is made up of tiny spots or bumps that are surrounded by a patch of red skin. The spots sometimes look like tiny blisters and may cause:

  • mild swelling
  • itching
  • a stinging or intense prickling sensation

The rash can affect any part of your body but it most commonly develops on your:

  • face
  • neck
  • back
  • chest
  • thighs

However, it can also sometimes occur on your:

  • tummy
  • groin
  • armpits
  • hands
  • feet

The symptoms of prickly heat are usually worse in areas that are covered by clothing. This is because clothing can make you sweat and sometimes causes friction (rubbing).

Prickly heat causes

Prickly heat occurs when the body’s sweat glands become blocked. Excessive sweating can cause sweat to become trapped beneath your skin, leading to skin irritation and a red rash.

If you sweat excessively, it is easier for dead skin cells and bacteria to collect in your sweat glands.

If your sweat glands become blocked, sweat will be trapped underneath your skin in tiny swollen pockets. It will also seep into the nearby tissue and irritate your skin.

When the pockets burst and release sweat, it causes a stinging and prickling sensation (prickly heat).

Risk factors

You are more at risk of developing prickly heat if you’re in a hot climate where you sweat more than usual.

The following also increase your risk:

  • illness and immobility – long periods of time spent in bed can make you sweat more, particularly if you have warm bedding
  • wearing too much clothing, particularly in the winter
  • sitting too close to a fire or heater

Treatment for prickly heat

Prickly heat is not a serious condition and rarely requires specific treatment. The rash usually disappears after a few days.

However, if you have prickly heat, there are several things you can do to ease your symptoms:

  • Avoid excessive heat and humidity – if you need to go outside, spend time in the shade or take a small fan with you. Further exposure to the heat will cause you to sweat more and may make your rash worse.
  • Wear loose cotton clothing – avoid wearing synthetic fibres, such as polyester and nylon, which trap heat more easily than natural fibres.
  • Keep your skin cool – a cool bath or shower will cool you down, soothe your skin and help prevent further sweating. Staying in an air-conditioned room for a few hours a day will also provide considerable relief.
  • Use calamine lotion – this is available at most pharmacies and will help soothe sore and irritated skin.
  • Try hydrocortisone cream – low-strength hydrocortisone cream is also available from pharmacies and is effective at treating very itchy and irritated areas of skin. However, avoid using it on your face and always follow the instructions.

Heat Rash – an overview

Clinical Features

In the spectrum of heat illness, the various forms range in severity from the mild, common heat cramps and heat rash to potentially fatal heat stroke. 5

Heat cramps are caused by low salt levels in muscles in persons who have been sweating excessively and drinking hypotonic fluid. Large muscle groups in the abdomen, arms and legs are most affected, and this occurs after exertion when at rest. The incidence is highest in the first few days of work or exercise in a hot environment. Construction workers and miners are at high risk. Lab abnormalities include hyponatraemia, hypochloraemia, and low urinary Na and Cl.

Heat tetany can be confused with heat cramps. Hyperventilation in a hot environment leads to respiratory alkalosis, which then causes a relative hypocalcaemia. Carpopedal spasm, perioral and distal paresthesias, and myalgias may occur as a result.

Heat syncope occurs with prolonged standing or upon standing. Peripheral blood pooling causes reduced cardiac output and cerebral blood flow. Dehydration, poor acclimatization, and certain cardiovascular medication pose an increased risk.

Heat rash (prickly heat, lichen tropicus, miliaria rubra) is a skin inflammation caused by excessive sweating, especially in hot, humid weather leading to blockage of sweat glands by stratum corneum. It begins as a red cluster of pruritic pimples or small blisters as obstructed sweat glands dilate and rupture (Figure 74.2). Most common areas include the neck, upper chest, groin, elbow creases and under the breasts. Keratin plugs can form leading to a secondary deeper obstruction in dermis that lasts for weeks as white papules. A secondary staphylococcal infection may also occur. Heat rash is more commonly seen in children.

Heat exhaustion is the body’s response to excessive loss of water and salt through sweating. Symptoms include heavy sweating, extreme weakness, dizziness, nausea, pale or flushed complexion, muscle cramps, hyperventilation and a slightly increased body temperature. No alteration in mental status is an important distinguishing factor between heat exhaustion and heat stroke. However, there are often blurred boundaries between the two. If the diagnosis is unclear, it is safest to treat a patient as having heat stroke.

Heat stroke requires both a core body temperature greater than 40°C and central nervous system dysfunction that results in delirium, convulsions or coma. This is the final result of impaired heat load dissipation. Most patients have tachycardia and hyperventilation. Other symptoms include hot dry skin or profuse sweating, hallucinations, headache, slurred speech and confusion. Cessation of sweating is a late finding. As the cascade of heat stroke progresses, symptoms in almost every organ system are evident, such as haemorrhage, pulmonary oedema and compartment syndrome from rhabdomyolysis.

6 Simple Tips for Treatment (And Prevention)

Does your baby have sensitive skin that is prone to rashes? Are you wondering if the rash is caused by the heat or something else?

Most babies are born with fairly sensitive skin, so it’s not unlikely for your baby to develop a rash at some point in time. Rashes are usually harmless, but some could be the result of a potentially dangerous underlying condition for your baby.

It’s important you are able to identify what kind of rash your baby has so you can figure out the best way to treat it.

What is A Heat Rash?

Heat rash is sometimes referred to as summer rash or prickly heat. It is basically a rash that develops as an eruption of small bumps that may resemble blisters. If your baby has light skin, the bumps will appear red.

It is possible for all children to develop a heat rash, but it is most common in babies. A heat rash occurs when your baby overheats. The rash is most commonly noticeable in the folds of the skin, on the chest, stomach, neck, and where the clothes fit tighter (1).

Heat Rash Symptoms

If you see a rash on your baby, there are other symptoms that can lead you to determine the rash is actually heat related.

  • Your baby’s head or neck is damp from sweat.
  • Your baby’s cheeks are flushed.
  • Your baby is more irritable and fussy than normal.
  • Your baby is rapidly breathing.

What Causes A Heat Rash?

A heat rash can occur when your baby has been profusely sweating and her pores have now become clogged, so the sweat can’t be released.

The reason heat rash is more popular among babies is because their pores are much smaller, so they are more likely to become clogged.

Heat rash is most common during the summer months when the temperature is rather high or there is a high percentage of humidity.

Your baby may also experience a heat rash if they overheat from too many layers of clothes, or if they are running a fever.

Keep In Mind

Some parents notice their babies can wake up in their crib in the morning with a rash. If this happens, it is likely you are bundling up your little one too much for their nighttime sleep. You should try to remove layers one night and see if the rash disappears the next day.

Is A Heat Rash Dangerous?

A heat rash alone is not dangerous to your baby. It may be uncomfortable and cause itchiness, but usually nothing more (2).

A heat rash does occur as a result of your baby being too hot, so you should take action to help lower your baby’s body temperature. If your baby is overheated for too long, it can actually lead to life-threatening complications like a heat stroke.

Overheating at night has been proven to increase your baby’s chances of developing SIDS, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. It is important you take extra precautions to ensure your baby is dressed appropriately and its room is at a comfortable temperature. If it is too hot for you, it is too hot for your baby (3).

When To Worry

As long as you make an effort to cool your baby down once you notice the heat rash, you shouldn’t have many other worries.

Heat rashes typically disappear all on their own and have no negative side effects for your baby.

There are rare cases where a heat rash can lead to other problems.

If you notice any of the following you should immediately contact your doctor.

  • Pus-filled blisters.
  • Red streaks on the skin.
  • Fever over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Chills.
  • Skin peeling.
  • Redness of palms of hands.
  • Rash that does not blanch when touched.

How To Treat Heat Rash

The moment you realize your baby is suffering from a heat rash is the moment you should take some action.

  1. Start The Cool Down: Your baby needs to be taken to a cooler place out of the sun, whether this means an air-conditioned room or even the shade of a tree. A cool washcloth is a great way to bring the body temperature back to normal.
  2. Remove Clothing: You should take off your baby’s clothing as it is probably only restricting the skin and potentially worsening the rash.
  3. Keep The Skin Dry: After you have cooled your baby down, you need to make sure the skin is now dry. You can let your baby air dry. Don’t use a towel because it can irritate the rash further.
  4. Loose Clothing: Once your baby is cooled and it is time to re-dress, you should choose loose-fitting clothing. Tight clothing will rub the rash and cause further irritation.
  5. No Scratching: It is difficult to stop a baby from scratching themselves if they want to, but you should try to limit the opportunities your baby has to do so. If a blister becomes open, it can become infected. You should trim your baby’s fingernails to limit the chances of opening a blister.
  6. No Interventions: You should not apply creams or ointments to your baby’s rash unless directed by a doctor. The ointments and creams can aggravate the rash.

Ways To Prevent A Heat Rash

Unfortunately, preventing heat rash probably won’t cross your mind until after your baby has endured one.

The good news is, after that one time, you will learn the ways to prevent the rash and realize it is actually quite easy (4).

  • Dress for comfort: Always make sure your baby is dressed comfortably. If you are getting hot, chances are your baby is too. Weather appropriate and loose-fitting clothing can help decrease the chances of your baby suffering from a heat rash.
  • Limit car rides in hot temperatures: A car seat has little to no ventilation and your rear-facing babe isn’t receiving much of the air conditioning you have blasting. There is a high chance the sun is beating directly down on your baby too. You can purchase a car sun shade to help make the ride a little cooler. If you have to be in the car for a while, maybe try to plan your trip for the morning.
  • Stay out of the sun: If you know it is going to be a super hot day, you should probably try to find an indoor activity. If you have to be outside, find a nice shaded area or put a sun hat on your baby to help it stay cool.
  • Hydration: Your baby can overheat much quicker if it is not properly hydrated. Make sure your baby is getting enough milk, or water if it is old enough.
  • Frequently check in: You should frequently check your baby’s skin to make sure it isn’t turning pink, there isn’t a lot of dampness, and it isn’t significantly warm to the touch. If you think your baby is starting to overheat, you can use a cool washcloth to help bring the body temperature back down. Pay special attention to the neck, underarms, and behind the legs.
  • Nighttime prevention: If you notice your baby becomes too warm at night, you can opt for short sleeves rather than long ones. You could consider adding a fan in your baby’s room at night. You shouldn’t point it directly at your baby, but just in the room to help keep the air circulating.

Should You See A Doctor?

Most heat rashes do not require a doctor visit, but you are more than welcome to schedule an appointment to verify it is indeed a heat rash.

Your doctor can help you better understand heat rash and the ways you can prevent it from happening again.

If your baby’s rash is still present after 3 to 4 days, is getting worse, or is accompanied by a fever, you should schedule an appointment.

The Bottom Line

Babies are sensitive to many things in this new world around them. It is possible a brief time spent in the heat can cause your baby to become too hot.

It is important you try to create a safe environment for your baby on those hot and humid days. Loose-fitting clothing, shade, and hydration are key elements to helping your baby avoid heat rashes.

If you have any inkling your baby may be getting too hot, you should immediately figure out ways to bring its body temperature back down.

Remember not to expose your baby to extreme temperature changes. This can result in shock and make a simple heat rash much worse. Another way to cool your baby is a sponge bath with lukewarm water.

Heat Rash | Everything Runners Need to Know About Heat Rash

When it comes to running in heat, you either love it or hate it. And though we’re nearing the beginning of the fall season, the temps aren’t necessarily dropping to reflect the season. If you can’t get enough of those runs on hot, humid days that end soaked in sweat, you also may know the nuisance that is heat rash on the skin. These painful, itchy bumps can ruin any run.

But what causes heat rash, and how can you treat and prevent it? We asked five dermatologists to fill us in on everything runners to know about heat rash. From prevention to treatment, here’s what they said.

What is heat rash?

“Heat rash is a very common rash also known as prickly heat or miliaria,” says Alok Vij, M.D., dermatologist at Cleveland Clinic. This benign, common skin problem affects people of all ages—and can be especially common in recreational athletes, particularly during hot, humid weather.

Heat rash is caused by sweat glands or ducts getting blocked and trapping sweat below the skin.

“Blockage of the sweat ducts happens most often in runners or athletes due to heavy sweating in areas with occlusion of the sweat gland—by the skin’s normal oil and bacteria, but also by some clothes, pore-blocking moisturizers, or powders like talc or cornstarch,” says Vij.

Heat rash commonly develops in areas of the body with skin-on-skin contact, like the neck, under the breasts in women, and the groin. And it can appear on skin in a few different ways.

Miliaria crystalina
If the blockage is in the superficial portion of the sweat duct, the rash appears with superficial, clear fluid-filled blisters without a lot of associated redness,” Vij says. “This type of miliaria is most common in newborn babies who are bundled too tightly or in adults with a fever.”

Miliaria rubra
This is the type most common in active people. “It is caused by blockage of the deeper portion of the sweat duct, and has the classic appearance of a splotchy red rash mixed in with small, clear fluid-filled blisters that can occasionally fill with pus (miliaria pustulosa),” Vij says. And this is the one that can be itchy and uncomfortable. “It is often referred to as ‘prickly heat’ because of the skin irritation that it causes,” says Rajani Katta, M.D., board certified dermatologist and author of Glow: The Dermatologist’s Guide to a Whole Foods Younger Skin Diet.

Miliaria profunda
“This can be seen after repeated bouts of miliaria rubra and appears on the skin as red bumps on the skin or deeper below the skin. These bumps are usually asymptomatic,” Vij says.

Why are runners prone to heat rash?

Unfortunately, those sweaty runs in hot weather can cause friction and clogged sweat glands, which create the perfect environment for heat rash.

“Friction from skin rubbing over long periods can induce irritation and can predispose the skin to being irritated from sweat. Runners’ arms and legs are rubbing with every step taken, so it’s easy to see how runners are predisposed,” says John Zampella, M.D., assistant professor of dermatology at NYU Langone Health.

And wearing tight, non-breathable clothing, such as compression tights, can also increase your risk.

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How is heat rash treated?

“The best way to treat heat rash is to move to a cool, dry location. Make sure to remove any soiled clothing and consider taking a cool shower,” says Joshua Zeichner, M.D., a board-certified dermatologist. “Use a lathering cleanser that respects the skin barrier to remove dried sweat and dirt from the skin without causing irritation when the skin is in a sensitive state.”

He suggests using a cleanser with colloidal oatmeal, such as Aveeno daily moisturizing body wash.

“Colloidal oatmeal in the formula helps soothe and calm skin that is already inflamed from the rash,” Zeichner says.

To soothe itchy, irritated skin, you may also want to use a cool compress or a skin roller, such as the StackedSkincare Ice Roller, and an anti-itch cream. Ava Shamban, M.D., board certified dermatologist in Beverly Hills and founder of SKINFIVE Clinics in Los Angeles, recommends Sarna or CeraVe.

How long does heat rash last?

Thankfully, your heat rash should resolve on its own with time, as long as it’s not serious.

“If it’s not going away after a few days, we do recommend seeing your dermatologist,” Katta says.

Derm-Approved Tools to Combat Heat Rash

Ultra Sheer Body Mist Sunscreen



Moisturizing Cream for Itch Relief

Cooling Ice Roller

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Daily Moisturizing Body Wash

How do you prevent heat rash when running?

There are a few things you can do to stop heat rash from happening. Taking precautions before, during, and after your runs will help.

Before running: “Hydrate well, and if you can, run in the morning or evening, avoiding the warmest part of the day,” says Vij.

And make sure to apply sunscreen, but choose wisely.

“Oil-free, lightweight mist or spray formulas that are non-occlusive are best,” says Shamban. “Always look for broad based for UVA/UVB protection with at least SPF 30 that is non-comedogenic (non-pore blocking.)”

She suggests Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Sunscreen Spray SPF 30 for body and Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Face Mist SPF 55 for face.

As we mentioned before, make sure you stay away from tight clothes. “Looser clothing, such as running shorts as opposed to tight leggings, allows for the circulation of air and allows for sweat evaporation,” says Katta.

During the run: “Seek shaded areas to stay out of the hot sun,” says Vij. “And if you are prone to heat rash and sweating profusely, take a break or slow your pace to reduce your body’s need to sweat. You can also try an aerosol water spray to cool down during or after the run.”

Your heat rash might also be a warning sign for other heat-related conditions.

“The most important thing that I tell my patients about heat rash is that it is an early alert system from your skin,” says Katta. “A heat rash may indicate that you are at higher risk for heat exhaustion or heat stroke if you don’t remove yourself from the heat.”

After running: “Get out of your sweaty clothes as quickly as possible and continue to hydrate,” says Vij. “Take a cool shower to lower your body’s temperature.

Vij suggests using a gentle soap, but be sure to avoid scrubbing your skin. Pat your skin dry with a towel. Use a gentle, non-comedogenic moisturizer. (Look for products accepted by the National Eczema Association.)

And pay attention to how you launder your clothes.

“Don’t use fabric softener in the laundry with your athletic clothes–these softeners can build up in the specialized sweat-wicking fabric, preventing them from pulling moisture away from your skin as well as trapping dead skin and bacteria in the fibers,” says Vij.

If your heat rash does not improve in a few days, it might be another dermatologic issue.

“Don’t forget that not everything that worsens with heat is true heat rash. Many other conditions like hives, eczema, and jock itch can be worse in sweaty areas,” says Zampella. “Treating each of these requires some nuance. If your heat rash isn’t getting better, it might not be heat rash and you should see your dermatologist.”

Want more tips for crushing those hot, sweaty runs? Join Runner’s World+ today! ☀️

Emily Shiffer
Emily Shiffer is a former digital web producer for Men’s Health and Prevention, and is currently a freelancer writer specializing in health, weight loss, and fitness.

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Heat Rash On Baby – Causes and Treatment

Heat rash can be quite itchy and uncomfortable for you baby. As a parent, seeing any rash can be worrisome. Understanding the common skin issues babies face can help you keep your little one comfortable.

Heat rash in babies can be uncomfortable, but fortunately it’s not dangerous. Older children and adults can also get heat rash. However, infants are more susceptible due to their immature sweat glands.

Heat Rash on a Baby

To help you quickly find what you want to read the most, here’s a list of what you need to know about heat rash and your baby:

While heat rash is uncomfortable and itchy, it fortunately rarely requires medical attention. It typically resolves on its own, and occasionally with a bit of help from you.

What causes heat rash in babies?

Many parents wonder what causes heat rash. This uncomfortable rash is also known as prickly heat or miliaria. Heat rash in babies occurs when they’re too hot and excessively sweating. When the excess sweat clogs sweat glands, it traps perspiration beneath the skin.

The trapped perspiration results in the noticeable red bumps or blisters. This is typically most common during summer, when there are periods of hot humid weather. It can also occur with too much indoor heat, and when clothing is too tight or too warm.

While it’s common for parents to want to bundle up babies to keep them warm, it’s important not to over bundle babies. Too much clothing leading to overheating can lead to heat rash on a baby.

What causes heat rash on baby’s face?

Heat rash can occur on any part of baby’s body. It’s especially common in crevices due to the increased risk of trapped perspiration, but hot humid weather can easily trigger heat rash on baby’s face.

Any amount of heat which leads to sweating can increase the risk of heat rash on baby’s face. Too much direct sunlight, warm hats, and covering baby’s face (common in strollers and carseats) can lead to heat rash on baby’s face.

If you’re using sunscreen, it’s possible to apply too thick of an application, or other products on baby’s face might lead to more clogging. Before using a sunscreen, be sure to speak with your baby’s doctor if they’re old enough to use it. Some healthcare providers recommend waiting until 4-6 months before applying it. Try Eco Logical Baby Sunscreen for something gentle, safe for babies (as well as the environment), as well as effective.

A summer hat which provides a bit of shade without overheating baby can help reduce the risk of heat rash. Making sure baby is dressed appropriately and wearing breathable loose fitting clothing so they can remain cool enough can protect against heat rash on baby’s face.

While most of baby’s skin, sweat glands, etc. are still sensitive and immature, a baby’s face is often the most sensitive area. Paying close attention to baby’s overall temperature can help reduce heat rash on baby’s face. Keeping baby’s skin cool is important.

Baby heat rash symptoms

It can be difficult to decipher between the potential skin care issues and rashes infants may have. From newborn skin peeling to eczema and possible allergies, it’s common for parents to wonder what each rash actually is.

Heat rash is often found on baby’s face, neck, skin folds, upper chest, and diaper area. It’s also often called prickly heat because of how it can feel. While your baby is unable to explain their feelings, the sensation is itchy, tingly and “prickly” which is why it’s referred to by a few names.

Your baby cannot explain these symptoms, but they may show you their discomfort through fussing, rubbing, scratching if old enough, and having difficulty sleeping, combined with a rash, it could be heat rash.

Baby eczema vs heat rash on baby

Both are itchy. Both can be irritated by heat. Both can vary a little bit baby to baby. So, how can you tell the difference between eczema and heat rash in babies?

Eczema tends to not just be bumps or blistered, but often also flaky, inflamed, and dry. However, sometimes eczema is bumpy and looks like heat rash in babies. Eczema can occur anywhere but is more likely to be found only in skin folds rather than a larger surface area like heat rash.

Eczema is, “A term for chronic skin conditions that cause redness, bumpiness, dry skin patches and itchiness as the result of inflammation. This inflammation is often due to allergies and sensitivities.” You can learn more by reading Baby Eczema – 6 Tips For Healing Breakouts.

In infants who have eczema, you can sometimes see both eczema and heat rash at the same time. Fortunately, both are often minor to moderate, though uncomfortable, skin conditions. If you are unable to tell the difference between baby’s heat rash and possible eczema, it’s important to reach out to your baby’s doctor.

Baby heat rash pictures

It can vary a bit child to child. Generally, heat rash in babies is a lot of small red bumps. They can be on the face, abdomen, in skin folds and the diaper area.

Depending on the clothing worn, you may see a correlation with more bumps where the clothing might be more restrictive. Waist bands, armpit areas, diaper line, etc., as it’s easier for their immature sweat glands to become clogged while compressed.

This is just one example of how heat rash can look:

With heat rash in babies who are younger, the bumps may be tinier, redder or more spread out. How it looks can also depend on how long baby was subjected to the heat which caused sweating. In infants with eczema or other skin conditions heat rash can also look different as more than one skin condition can be present at the same time.

Baby heat rash treatment

Generally, small patches of heat rash don’t need much attention and will clear on its own. If it’s wide spread and uncomfortable, treatment is usually for comfort and future prevention.

Some treatments and home remedies for heat rash in babies include:

  • Avoid powders, lotions, and oils as they can further clog pores and sweat glands
  • If baby has eczema and heat rash, ask their doctor the best way to treat both
  • Rinse with water and if necessary, only use a very mild soap
  • Be sure to dry the skin well to avoid further irritation
  • You can use a fan to help keep baby’s skin cool and soothed as it heals, though be sure to keep baby’s overall body temperature comfortable – not too hot and not too cold
  • Allow baby’s skin to breath and be uncovered. If at home, allow them to have no clothes, and even a bit of time diaper free. While there’s a risk of mess, if the heat rash is in the diaper area, a bit of airing out may help heal and sooth irritation.
  • Loose fitting clothing is better than tighter, restrictive clothing.

How can I prevent heat rash on my baby?

To help prevent heat rash on your baby, you can:

  • Avoid any heavy clothing especially if baby will be in a carseat or worn in a baby carrier
  • Limit outdoor time during very hot weather. If you will be outside in the heat, consider a fan and make sure baby has plenty of shade. Watch and ensure baby does not become overheated
  • If it’s very warm, utilize indoor air conditioners and fans
  • During very warm weather, it’s important to keep the room baby is sleeping in cool and well ventilated to reduce the risk of heat rash as well as SIDS.

When to seek medical advice about heat rash

The short answer, if you are concerned about your baby’s health, it is important to touch base with their medical provider. Always reach out to a qualified medical professional if you are unsure about your baby’s health.

As a general rule of thumb, many will reach out to their provider if baby has a rash, confirmed heat rash or not, and is inconsolable and struggling to manage symptoms. It’s also important to reach out if baby has heat rash and any lethargy as they could easily dehydrate if they had been sweating in hot weather.

You’ll also want to keep an eye out for any pustules, inflamed skin, or swelling as it could be a sign of a yeast or bacterial infection. If your little one is old enough to scratch, it isn’t uncommon for a secondary infection to occur as they scratch open their skin.

If you notice any signs of infection, you might find a bath provides a bit of relief from itching and irritation while you arrange for them to be seen and treated by their doctor.

Can heat rash on my baby be dangerous?

Heat rash in babies, heat rash on baby’s face, legs and abdomen can be very common, especially during the summer months. While it can be extremely uncomfortable, it’s fortunately not likely to be dangerous.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure does ring true when it comes to heat rash. It may not be possible to avoid every rash, but if your baby is prone to heat rash you’ll want to do your best to prevent a future rash.

It can be very challenging to see our little ones be uncomfortable. The good news is that babies are always growing and maturing. This means heat rash in babies tends to be outgrown even if they were quite prone to it as a young infant. As you’ve read, it’s unlikely your baby’s heat rash will require medical attention, but if at any time you are concerned, do reach out to your baby’s doctor.

How to summer skin issues

Summertime and the living is easy, right? Well, not so much for your skin.

Between the harsh summer heat, pesky sweat and frequent shaving, your skin actually takes quite the beating this time of year.

Summer skin problems like heat rash, bacne and razor burn can drive you up a wall and make your skin crawl — err, itch — so TODAY consulted the experts to learn how to prevent (and treat) some of summer’s most annoying skin issues. With their help, your skin will be living its most beautiful summer yet!

What causes summer skin problems?

We all know winter can be harsh on skin, what with its bone-chilling temps and whipping winds, but bright and sunny summer has its own set of elements that aren’t so skin-friendly.

“Simply put, it’s the combination of heat and moisture. The increase in temperature causes our bodies to naturally sweat, and when sweat sits on the surface of the skin, it mixes with our skin’s natural oils (sebum). This combination can trap bacteria on the skin, causing our pores to clog,” said BABOR educator Andrea Arni.

In other words, warm, moist environments encourage bacteria growth, which can translate into number of summer skin problems.

“Combine all that with any amount of dirt, makeup or sunscreen and you’ve got an inflamed and infected pore,” Arni said.

The good news? There’s plenty you can do to avoid and treat summer skin issues like razor burn, heat rash and bacne!

Heat rash is a major pain, but there are a few ways you can prevent it.Shutterstock

Heat rash

Ugh, heat rash! There’s nothing worse than a fun-filled day in the sun that results in red, inflamed skin. If you’ve had enough with this annoying summer skin issue, the first step is figuring out why heat rash happens in the first place.

“Heat rash is the result of heat, sweat, moisture and friction all coming together to inflame and irritate various areas of the body — ask anyone who has worn a wet bathing suit too long,” said Nandi Wagner, lead esthetician at Bliss Soho.

When you work out in the summer, you tend to sweat more and hot days in general can also trigger your body to produce excess sweat. All that extra sweat — if left alone — can create an unpleasant skin reaction.

“Miliaria, commonly known as heat rash, happens when we sweat and tiny sweat glands get covered by layers of skin,” said Dr. Gary Goldfaden, founder of Goldfaden MD products.

Sounds lovely, right? Heat rash can look different from person to person, but typically presents itself as red patches, bumps or blisters that are itchy (or prickly). The inner thighs, rib cage and underarms are pretty prone to heat rash during the summer, but many people also experience the pesky red patches around the waist, on the inner arms, behind the knees or under the breasts.

Want to arm your skin against annoying heat rashes this summer? Take these preventative measures:

  • Jump in a cool shower and rinse off immediately post-workout to minimize sweat.
  • Opt for loose-fitting clothing made from breathable fabrics (like cotton) and keep your skin cool with the help of fans and air conditioning.
  • Keep trouble areas (like inner thighs) safe from heat rash with products that prevent chafing and irritation.
  • Change out of wet clothes and swimwear as soon as possible.

If it’s too late and you’ve already got a heat rash, there’s plenty you can do at home to calm it down.

“This condition typically resolves quickly with cooling of the skin and avoidance of heat,” said Dr. Bobby Y. Reddy, an instructor in dermatology at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital. “However, if persistent, progressive or any signs of infection present, one should seek evaluation by a healthcare professional.”

Before pressing the panic button, try the following treatments to soothe your heat rash:

Aveeno Soothing Bath Treatment

Body acne, otherwise know as bacne, happens frequently during the summer.Getty Images stock

Body acne

Just when you thought you’d mastered facial acne, along comes a crop of body acne breakouts (aka bacne) to celebrate summer’s arrival. Honestly, it’s almost as though the pesky pimples know you want to show off a bit more skin this time of year!

So what in the world could possess your body skin to start breaking out? Well, much like facial acne, bacne happens when oil mixes with dead skin cells (and sometimes bacteria) and clog your pores.

“Sweat-induced bacteria growth is the usual cause of bacne in the summer. Just like heat rash, wearing wet or sweaty clothing for too long can aggravate body breakouts, so always change as soon as you can after a workout or trip to the pool,” Wagner said.

Sweat certainly causes its fair share of bacne, but the pesky body breakouts can also result from steroid use or the application of body products/laundry detergents that are too heavy for the skin.

Bacne can wreak havoc on the chest, neck and butt, but one of its biggest targets is the back. And it turns out that some of your favorite summer style staples aren’t doing your skin any favors.

“Because the back has a high density of sweat and oil glands, and is generally covered with clothing, it’s prone to heat-trapping, occlusion and pressure/rubbing from clothes/backpacks — all which increase the chances of acne formation,” said Dr. Rachel Nazarian, FAAD, of the Mount Sinai Department of Dermatology.

Want to prevent your chances of an annoying bacne breakout? Try the following preventative measures:

  • Can’t make it to the shower after a workout? Carry some salicylic acid wipes with you to clean up in a jiffy!
  • Remove damp clothing as soon as possible after exercising.
  • Try an acne-fighting body wash to treat acne all over. “Those containing salicylic acid are ideal products for people with body or back acne. Salicylic acid gently exfoliates surface skin cells and cleans bacteria from the skin surface,” said Nazarian.
  • Regular exfoliation can also ward off bacne. “When choosing a scrub, look for one that contains exfoliation beads or crystals and enzymes such as pumpkin or papaya, as these will help disintegrate dead skin cells,” Goldfaden said.
  • Use an oil-free (non-comedogenic) sunscreen on the back.

Proactiv Mark Correcting Glycolic Acid Pads

Already dealing with bacne? Fight it off with the following treatments:

  • Washing the area twice daily and applying a topical antibacterial product can help treat and prevent future breakouts from occurring.
  • “Treat withbenzoyl peroxide wash (be aware that it can bleach clothing so use at night and wear a white T-shirt), salicylic acid washes and exfoliants, along with topical retinoids like Adapalene,” said Dr. Maral Skelsey, director of The Dermatologic Surgery Center of Washington and clinical associate professor of dermatology at Georgetown University.
  • “For those with sensitive skin, using products like Cetaphil’s Fragrance-Free Ultra Gentle Body Wash is gentle enough that it won’t exacerbate any inflammatory skin conditions like bacne,” said Dr. Yoon-Soo Cindy Bae, M.D., clinical assistant professor at NYU Dermatology.

Cetaphil Fragrance Free Ultra Gentle Body Wash

Want to prevent razor burn? Start with a clean razor.Getty Images stock

Razor burn

Shaving your legs is annoying enough without worrying about razor burn. And let’s face it: Itchy, red irritated skin isn’t exactly the cutest accessory to all your summer shorts and skirts. So what causes razor burn … aside from, you know, shaving at lightning speed when you’re in a rush?

“Razor burn is caused by irritation of skin and inflammation around the hair follicle, typically from improper shaving technique. The wrong shaving cream or the wrong shaver can break the delicate skin tissue,” Nazarian said.

Much like your facial skin, the skin on your legs can be pretty sensitive, so using the right shaving tools is key to nipping razor burn in the bud.

“Preventing razor burn starts with a clean, fresh, sharp razor. A dull razor can tug at the hair follicles as it shaves, causing far more irritation than just friction alone,” Wagner said.

Of course, razor preferences vary from person to person — some of us love moisture bars, and some of us hate them, for instance — but we can all get behind the idea of proper shaving technique.

“I always recommend that my patients shave with the grain of hair, not against it. Hair grows in a particular direction and shaving against the grain can cause ingrown hairs, redness, inflammation and razor burn,” Goldfaden said.

Make sure your skin has a barrier between it and your razor to also help prevent irritation.

“The best way to prevent razor burn is to use a lubricant-like shaving cream or soap and water when shaving,” Skelsey said.

Need to treat your razor burn, stat? Try these remedies:

  • Try a colloidal oatmeal bath and/or some witch hazel to sooth a razor burn.
  • Don’t count out hydrocortisone! “Apply a thin layer of hydrocortisone and a topical antibiotic cream twice a day for three days,” Nazarian said.
  • “The best way to treat razor burn is to temporarily stop shaving until the red bumps have healed. Topical medicine can be used (like low potency topical steroids) to help with the inflammation as well as some acne medicines,” Bae said.

Thayers Alcohol-Free Unscented Witch Hazel Facial Toner

And you can always prevent razor burn in the following ways:

  • Shave in the direction that hair grows and avoid shaving too often.
  • Shave at the end of your shower when skin has absorbed enough water and is at its softest.
  • Exfoliate often (2-3 times a week max) to keep pores clear.
  • Make sure you moisturize skin after shaving! Doing so can help prevent bumps.
  • Some after shaves can be drying (due to alcohol content) and aggravate skin, so look for a soothing serum to apply post-shaving instead.


Heat rash: causes, treatment, prevention

Covered in itchy bumps after a day in the sun? Sounds like you might have a case of heat rash. If you’ve been exercising, sweating heavily or simply sunbathing it is common for prickly heat rash to occur. The good news is heat rash is not usually serious and can be treated easily at home.

Dr Roger Henderson looks at heat rash symptoms, causes and treatment tips:

What is heat rash?

Heat rash, medically known as miliaria rubra, is a condition that occurs when sweat becomes trapped under the skin. Also known as prickly heat or sweat rash, heat rash usually affects people who sweat a lot and is caused by blockage of the sweat ducts found just under the surface of the skin. If these become blocked, sweat slowly seeps into the nearby skin and causes localised skin inflammation and an itchy rash.

Heat rash risk factors

Doing anything that makes you sweat can increase your chances of prickly heat rash, but the following are particular heat rash risk factors:

• Babies and children

Heat rash can occur at any age but is particularly common in young babies. It is more common in children than adults because their sweat glands are still developing.

• High temperatures

In adults heat rash often occurs when people sweat more – either during a heatwave or when abroad in hot climates – and around a third of travellers can be affected by prickly heat because of this.

• Increased sweating

Heat rash may also occur in cooler countries if sweating continually occurs over one part of the body, such as the back if someone has to lie on their back for extended periods of time or if bedclothes are too heavy and warm.


What causes heat rash?

Heat rash occurs when sweat glands become blocked. Anything that blocks sweat glands – such as tight bandages or excessively tight clothing worn for too long – may trigger prickly heat in that area.

Anything that blocks sweat glands such as tight bandages or excessively tight clothing may trigger prickly heat rash.

Some people do seem to be more at risk of developing heat rash, possibly because of the action of a particular skin germ (bacteria) called Staphylococcus epidermis. This completely harmless bacteria found on the skin is capable of secreting a slightly sticky substance and if this is combined with dead skin cells and sweat it can block sweat ducts. Many people with prickly heat are found to have more Staphylococcal epidermis bacteria present than in people who do not usually suffer from it.

Heat rash symptoms

Heat rash symptoms are usually straightforward, with small red bumps and itching developing in the area that has been sweating. The rash tends to be in certain areas only and does not usually spread across the body.

Heat rash symptoms usually include the following:

  • Small, raised spots
  • Itchy and prickly skin
  • Mild swelling

    The most common areas affected by heat rash include the chest, shoulders and neck as well as in the folds of skin in overweight people.

    Types of heat rash

    There are a number of different types of prickly heat rash:

    • Miliara rubra

    This is the usual type that is most commonly seen, where the sweat ducts block in a deeper part of the skin. The spots that develop are tiny and may look like small blisters, with areas of the skin where clothing has rubbed often showing patches of spots. Itching or a prickling feeling on the skin is common, and the rash often takes a few days or even weeks to develop after sweating has started although it is usually quicker to settle when out of the hot environment. Where the sweat ducts have become blocked to cause the rash there is often very little or no sweat at all, and you may feel unusually uncomfortable when in the sun or a hot atmosphere. If miliaria rubra is very widespread then heat exhaustion can occasionally occur because the body is not able to get rid of body heat by normal sweating.

    • Miliaria crystalline

    If the sweat ducts are very close to the skin surface, this is the more likely type of prickly heat that will develop. The spots here are often more clear than in miliaria rubra – and may be confused with beads of sweat – and do not last as long, often disappearing after a few hours or a day or two from when they first appear. Many people have few if any other symptoms and there may be no itch at all.

    • Miliaria pustulosa

    If the heat rash skin spots become infected, pus can develop in them causing this type of prickly heat that can occasionally be tender and weep infected fluid.

    • Miliaria profunda

    This is a much less common type of prickly heat and is when the sweat ducts block in the middle layer of the skin called the dermis. It usually only occurs in people who have had repeated episodes of prickly heat rash and who live in a hot climate all year round. The spots are bigger, more flesh-coloured but often do not itch.

    10 heat rash treatment tips

    Simple cooling measures are all that is normally required to treat heat rash, but if the skin rash causes discomfort or is slow to settle, there are a number of ways to help you get rid of prickly heat overnight:

    1. Stay cool

    Keeping the skin cool so it doesn’t sweat is the best way to help heal heat rash.

    2. Wear loose cotton clothing

    Always wear loose cotton clothing, or clothing with breathable fabric. Avoid tight-fitting and nylon clothing that can make sweating worse.

    3. Moisturiser

    Some moisturising creams do seem to help with heat rash. Opt for creams that contain anhydrous lanolin to help prevent the sweat ducts from blocking.

    4. Steroid creams

    Over-the-counter mild steroid creams such as hydrocortisone 1% can be very effective at reducing skin irritation and inflammation, but this should not be used on the face.

    5. Calamine lotion

    If simple creams such as calamine lotion are used to help soothe the skin, you may need to use a moisturising cream afterwards to stop the skin from drying – always avoid skin products that contain petroleum or mineral oils.

    6. Antihistamines

    Over the counter antihistamines (such as Benadryl) can also be taken to reduce symptoms of a sweat rash.

    7. Cold compress

    For irritation or discomfort from the rash, apply cold compresses to the area such as a cool flannel or ice wrapped in a cloth but never apply ice directly onto the skin.

    8. Oatmeal

    Oatmeal can help soothe irritated skin and the easiest way of using this is to put 1 or 2 cups of oatmeal in a lukewarm (not hot) bath and soak for 20 minutes. You can also do this by adding 3 to 5 tablespoons of baking soda to a lukewarm bath and soaking for about 20 minutes.

    9. Aloe vera

    Aloe vera is a natural anti-inflammatory product that can cool down the skin and help prevent infections, and is known to be helpful in soothing the swelling and discomfort of heat rash when it is applied in gel form directly onto the rash.

    10. Pat don’t scratch

    Avoid scratching the rash as much as possible as this will exacerbate your symptoms – tap or pat the rash if it itches.

    Heat rash in babies

    Because the sweat ducts in babies and young children are not fully developed they are more likely to experience a sweat rash than adults, as their skin is slower to adapt to changes in temperature.

    Because the sweat ducts in babies and young children are not fully developed they are more likely to experience a sweat rash.

    Prickly heat rash is usually seen on the face and around the groin and neck in babies. Although it is completely harmless, it can cause irritation and a grumpy baby!

    Keeping baby cool and making sure their clothing is appropriate for the temperature may be enough to settle symptoms. Avoid oil-based skin products, as they can further block the sweat ducts. Simple calamine lotion can help cool and soothe irritated skin.

    Heat rash prevention tips

    The best way to prevent heat rash is to keep your skin cool so you do not sweat:

    ✔️ For most people, simply keeping away from high temperatures and situations that may cause excessive sweating is enough to prevent it from occurring – even doing this for several hours a day can help.

    ✔️ Make sure you stay well hydrated in warm temperatures, and when exercising choose sportswear that will wick moisture away from the surface of your skin.

    ✔️ If you abroad in a hot and humid country or there is a heatwave at home try to take a cool shower frequently and read our essential heatwave hacks to help you cool down.

    Last updated: 28-04-2021

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    90,000 Allergy on the forehead: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Allergies on the forehead can be caused by various reasons. For example, atopic or contact dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis.

    There are also many non-allergic factors that can lead to rashes and even bumps on the forehead. This list includes infectious and autoimmune diseases, heatstroke and stress.

    About common types of rashes on the forehead caused by allergies and not only it, methods of their diagnosis and treatment, read on.

    Itching of the forehead without rash

    May be primarily caused by an allergic reaction. People who are prone to atopy and find themselves on the street during the dusting season of plants need to wash at home. This will remove the allergens.

    It is also important to avoid or limit contact with irritating substances. In addition to pollen, the following can be dangerous:

    • Hair care products. Paints, shampoos, mousses, or varnishes can contain harsh chemicals that can cause itching, dryness, or irritation.This list includes mineral oils, sulfites, alcohols and fragrances. If you suspect that a new hair care product is causing itching, stop using it immediately.
    • Headwear. Wearing a helmet, hat, bandana, or just a headband can lead to irritating dermatitis. It is usually associated with a reaction of the skin of the forehead to the fabric or sweating of the head from wearing a headdress. It takes several days without wearing anything that could trigger a reaction to see if the symptoms change.
    • Dry skin. Itchy forehead can be caused by dry skin or acne. People with irritated dry skin need to wash it and constantly apply an emollient cream to the area of ​​irritation. When the procedure does not work, it is time to see a doctor.

    Itching of the forehead skin with rashes

    It has many causes, from various types of allergies to infectious diseases, skin diseases and other conditions.

    Allergic reactions

    There are two types: allergic contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis.Both affect the frontal region.

    Contact dermatitis results from the interaction of the skin with a substance to which a person is allergic. Manifested by the following symptoms:

    Quite often, contact dermatitis resembles urticaria, which appears when the skin comes in contact with hygiene or cosmetics products containing irritating chemicals.

    Allergy on the forehead in the form of a rash can also be a symptom of a food allergy.

    The list of the most common food allergens includes:

    Other known allergens are pollen, pet dander, medications, especially penicillin.As well as cold, heat, sunlight, water, physical activity.

    Atopic dermatitis

    Another type of allergic rash is atopic dermatitis, or eczema. These rashes can be red, dry, and itchy. They appear as spots on the forehead.

    Autoimmune diseases

    They arise as a result of an overreaction of the immune system to the cells of its own body. They have a huge list of symptoms, which include a rash on the forehead.

    For example, psoriasis. This chronic autoimmune disorder manifests itself as red, scaly patches on the scalp.

    Psoriasis rashes appear and disappear, and most often depend on environmental factors, as well as stress.

    Infectious diseases

    Infection or a virus can cause a forehead rash. In such cases, a visit to the doctor is required for diagnosis and treatment.

    Bacterial Staphylococcus

    This type of infection is triggered by bacteria that live on the skin.This is the most common type of her defeat.

    Most often, staphylococcus aureus enters the skin through a wound or cut. Some types of infection cause pimples with purulent contents.


    The visible signs of this disease are itchy rashes, spots on the skin and blisters filled with fluid. They constantly crack and crust over.

    In addition to rash, the disease is accompanied by fever, fatigue and headache.Chickenpox is contagious, especially in the first week.


    A measles rash appears after the development of overt symptoms such as:

    The patient may also have a cough and acne in the mouth.

    Red, uneven rashes are located along the hairline on the forehead. Then they spread throughout the body and disappear after a few days.


    Caused by group A streptococci. It affects not only the throat, but also the skin.It manifests itself as small itchy oozing spots on the face.

    This stage is the most contagious. Over time, the spots will crust over and take on a yellowish tinge.

    Impetigo usually appears during the warmer months of the year.


    Occurs when a hair follicle is infected or irritated. The resulting rash may be red with purulent contents.

    Folliculitis can be caused by:

    • Staphylococcus aureus;
    • 90,025 violations of the skin barrier with cosmetics;

    • overgrowth of yeast bacteria;
    • 90 025 irritation after shaving;

    • decreased immunity.


    Fungal infection that looks like round or annular rashes. Red itchy scales are small at first and spread in rings on the forehead.

    The disease is contagious. Ringworm can be spread through a head cover or pillow.


    Caused by the same virus as chickenpox. It starts with a burning sensation, after a few days it develops with the formation of small blisters.

    Over time, they burst and become crusty. At this stage, they persist for a month.

    Other skin diseases

    These include:

    • Acne. A skin disease that affects almost a third of the world’s people. Especially adolescence. Caused by clogged pores. They can become infected if bacteria enter them. Acne turns red with elements of inflammation. If the infection is subcutaneous, the acne looks like red nodules.
    • Dandruff. Because of it, itching and flaking may also appear on the forehead. This happens when there is a lot of yeast bacteria on the skin, it is irritated by chemicals or excess oil.
    • Rosacea. A chronic condition that causes facial flushing and bumps on the forehead. Rash can be caused by alcohol, certain foods, sun or stress. Women, people with fair skin and middle-aged people are most susceptible to the disease.

    Other causes of rashes

    Forehead rashes can be the result of exposure to heat, sweat or the sun.In this case, the person develops pink bumps, blisters. Or the skin becomes pink or red.

    It is very harmful to expose your skin to the scorching sun without using sunscreen or protective clothing.

    Allergy on the forehead due to stress

    Yes, stress can cause not only emotional discomfort, but also quite physical symptoms. For example, a rash that makes it worse.

    Stress rashes are generally safe and can be treated at home.But if the person already has skin conditions such as psoriasis or rosacea, stress will only make the symptoms worse.

    The fact is that the body under stress begins to release additional chemicals: neuropeptides and neurotransmitters. They cause inflammation, increased sensitivity, and skin irritation.

    Stress eruptions take the form of hives or blisters and scars. Hives can appear on any part of the body, including as an allergy to the forehead.

    Areas affected by it are usually red, edematous and raised. Stains can be as large as the tip of a pencil or as large as a whole saucer.

    Sometimes the wounds unite to form scars.

    Urticaria spots itch. When touched, a person may feel a tingling sensation or burning sensation.

    Although these symptoms are rare, they can persist for more than six weeks. In this case, the urticaria is considered chronic.

    Sometimes it goes away on its own without treatment.You just have to calm down.

    If this is not possible, over-the-counter antihistamines and a cool shower can help relieve itching.

    If symptoms worsen or persist for more than six weeks, a doctor should be consulted.

    Medicines and drug allergies

    Rash on the forehead can occur due to the drugs that a person uses. Or under the influence of the sun – while taking drugs that increase photosensitivity.

    Stevens-Jones Syndrome

    Appears on the skin as red or purple eruptions, accompanied by flu-like symptoms.In this condition, immediate medical attention is needed.

    Acne in newborns

    Rash in newborns is most likely associated with one of the above reasons. Or maybe physiological.

    In particular, milia, or neonatal acne, is a normal skin condition that does not require treatment.

    Therefore, if you develop a rash, you should consult a doctor. He will examine the child and ask about other symptoms. Some skin rashes are accompanied by diarrhea, fever, and vomiting.

    Rash on the forehead with HIV

    Rash is one of the most common side effects of HIV medications. In addition, due to reduced immunity, such a patient may be more susceptible to most of the diseases listed above.

    Rash on the forehead during pregnancy

    During pregnancy, hormonal changes are accompanied by darkening of the skin (melasma), as well as the appearance of acne. After giving birth, the skin should be normal.

    One of the conditions affecting the skin during pregnancy is cholestasis. This is when elevated hormone levels prevent bile from passing through the ducts.

    Cholestasis can cause severe itching of the skin on the forehead and arms and legs. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.

    Diagnosis of lesions on the forehead

    Carried out by a family doctor or dermatologist. It is necessary to contact them if the rash persists or is accompanied by other symptoms.The doctor will carefully read the complaints and prescribe the necessary tests.

    Forehead allergies and other rashes: how they are treated

    Methods for treating a forehead rash are determined by its cause.

    • Infection or fungus. Prescription medications or antifungal medications are prescribed.
    • Chronic conditions such as atopic dermatitis, rosacea, and psoriasis require avoidance of triggers.
    • Contact dermatitis is prevented by avoiding products and substances that cause irritation or allergies.
    • In case of heat rashes, sunburns and the use of photosensitizing drugs, the main condition is to protect the skin from the sun’s rays.
    • Acne and other skin conditions require the use of a topical cream or medication recommended for the specific condition.

    Consult your doctor before starting treatment for any forehead rash. It is important to make sure you are using the correct methods.

    You should also seek medical attention if you suspect that the rash is a symptom of a serious illness.

    And also when the rash:

    • looks like acne;
    • hurts a lot;
    • is accompanied by fever or flu-like symptoms;
    • turns into blisters;
    • can infect others, such as a baby.

    You should definitely consult your doctor if the rash persists for a significant period of time.

    How to choose SPF for your skin type

    Exacerbation of acne after returning from vacation may be due to several reasons.In the heat, oily problem skin increases perspiration and sebum production. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation, on the one hand, can dry out pimples, but at the same time it causes suppression of the immune defense of the skin, which is one of the factors that exacerbate acne after a vacation or a trip to a solarium. “Skin rashes after vacation are caused not by SPF creams, but by a combination of face cream, sweat and dust. All this, when mixed, is a breeding ground for bacteria that cause acne. The most important thing to remember is that the cream with SPF protection must be washed off every time it is not in the sun, ”says Natalya Abramova, trainer-cosmetologist at Methode Cholley.

    “Sunscreens are not comedogenic by themselves, but can clog pores due to their water resistance. The components included in the composition can form a film – these are Lanolin, Paraffine, Paraffinum Liquidum, Isoparaffin, Mineral oil, Myristyl Myristate. The same effect is given by solid oils – coconut, shea, cocoa. But the appearance of inflammation from the listed ingredients will not be observed in everyone, but only in the skin prone to oily or combination, ”explains Maria Chamurlieva, dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist at the Tori cosmetology center.

    “Another common cause of rashes and inflammations is the use of body products on the face. The texture of body products, as a rule, is denser, they create a film that provokes inflammation on the face, ”adds Maria Merekina, dermatologist at the Clinic of Modern Cosmetology of Yulia Shcherbatova.

    To avoid the sensation of film and oiliness from the use of sunscreen, it is necessary to select it according to your skin type and be sure to pay attention to the composition and texture.“In the composition of sunscreens, 2 types of ultraviolet filters are used: physical and chemical. Physical or mineral ones create a barrier on the skin’s surface that reflects ultraviolet light, while chemical ones penetrate the skin and absorb ultraviolet light, converting it into heat energy. Physical filters can create a film-like effect. An oily feeling can occur when mineral oils and petroleum jelly are used, which can also clog pores and trigger acne.Try to avoid these ingredients, ”advises Alexander Prokofiev, dermatovenerologist and medical expert at La Roche-Posay.

    “Also, the sensation of film and oiliness often occurs among those who have not done peeling for a long time, thinking that this is a seasonal procedure. As a result, dead skin cells, accumulating on the surface, do not allow the care products to penetrate deeply and work. Modern delicate peels can and should be done throughout the year, especially when preparing for the beach season, ”recommends Maria Merekina.

    Like any moisturizer for this skin type, sunscreen should be light – lotion, emulsion, fluid, sebum-regulating, and oil-free. “It is necessary to avoid in the composition of components that clog pores and provoke inflammation: this is paraffin, petroleum jelly, mineral and vegetable oils, oleic, stearic and palmetic acids. It is better to look for sebum-regulating, mattifying and anti-inflammatory ingredients: salicylic acid, AHA acids, sulfur, zinc derivatives, perlite, plant extracts (senna, ginkgo biloba, green tea, pumpkin), ”says Alexander Prokofiev.

    “You need to be careful with SPF based on mineral (physical) filters. For example, zinc oxide has antiseptic properties and helps fight inflammation, while titanium dioxide (in high concentrations), on the contrary, clogs pores, ”warns Maria Chamurlieva.

    The basic rule of dry skin care is moisturizing and nourishing. “Textures should be creamy or oily, should not contain alcohol,” says Natalya Abramova.

    “In addition to ultraviolet filters, such products include vitamins, antioxidants and moisturizing components: vitamin E, vegetable oils (chamomile, yarrow), aloe vera, glycerin, hyaluronic acid, coenzyme Q10,” says the medical expert of La Roche-Posay …

    “Look also in the composition of butter (for example, shea butter – a natural ultraviolet filter), niacinamide (niacin, vitamin B3), which protects the skin from dehydration, panthenol, hyaluronic acid,” adds Julia Shcherbatova, a dermatocosmetologist at the Clinic of Modern Cosmetology.

    This type of skin should be protected with the product with the highest SPF and ingredients that could cause an allergic reaction should be avoided. The composition must be hypoallergenic, therefore one of the most reliable options is creams from children’s lines. “Vegetable oils in the base of the cream are best avoided as they can cause allergies. Chemical filters can also cause allergies, so for sensitive skin it is better to choose products with physical filters in the composition.A creamy texture and the highest level of protection – SPF 50+ are best suited for such skin, ”advises the cosmetologist at the Tori Cosmetology Center.

    “The textures of sunscreens for sensitive skin should be light, choose milk, fluid, emulsion. It must be indicated that the product is intended for sensitive skin. If you are prone to allergic reactions, then it is advisable to conduct a test: apply a little product in the wrist area and see the skin reaction during the day.Look for the following ingredients in the composition: hyaluronic acid, extracts like aloe vera, rose oil, bearberry, which soften and relieve irritation, allantoin, panthenol to relieve irritation, ”says Alexander Prokofiev.

    It is necessary to cleanse the skin, then tone or use a lotion, then apply a moisturizer and let it fully absorb. Then you can start applying the sunscreen.“We apply the cream 20-30 minutes before going outside, after the main care. The face needs about 1.5 ml of SPF cream. On the beach, the protection must be renewed every 2 hours. If you use cosmetics that already contain SPF, then there is no need for an additional layer of Sanskrin, ”says Maria Merekina.

    90,000 How to get rid of heat rash quickly?

    Any rash, including heat, is unaesthetic and troublesome.If you’ve ever had one, then you perfectly understand the problem.

    Of course, you might think that this problem can appear exclusively on vacation in hot countries, but this is a delusion. Of course, in this case, the risk of such an unpleasant phenomenon is higher, but nevertheless, a heat rash can manifest itself in a hot metropolis.

    What is it and what are the reasons for its appearance?

    A similar rash is called miliaria in the medical reference.It manifests itself on the skin as red, very itchy bumps known as papules. Agree, not the most attractive phenomenon for a vacation.

    Young children are most susceptible to heat rash, but still 30% of people, under certain conditions, can also get such a rash. It occurs when the sweat ducts become clogged and it flows back into the skin.

    The risk of heat rash on folds is especially high, especially in obese people. Also, malnutrition can provoke this phenomenon.Eat as little fatty and heavy foods as possible during hot seasons.

    Another reason for the appearance of a heat rash on the skin can be illness and inactivity. If you spend a lot of time in bed, and at the same time you are also overweight or obese, you are at risk.

    How to get rid of a heat rash?

    Usually, the appearance of such small pimples does not cause us concern, but nevertheless it does cause some discomfort. Unfortunately, there are no effective and quick cures for heat rash.But you have the opportunity to make sure that it does not develop further.

    The following must be done immediately:

    • Avoid scratching – this will only irritate the skin more.
    • Start taking antihistamines 2 weeks before going on vacation. Or start taking them as soon as you find the first signs.
    • Avoid overly flavored food during hot season.
    • Make sure the area where the rash appears is well ventilated.
    • Buy a product from the pharmacy that contains calamine. It will soothe itchy skin and even relieve redness.
    • Low Strength Hydrocortisone Cream is also available over the counter and is effective in treating very itchy and irritated skin areas. However, you should avoid the face area and always follow the instructions.

    Preventive measures

    Heat rash is caused by the body’s reaction to heat. Therefore, in order to avoid it in the summer, you should dress in natural loose-fitting clothing.Ideally, it should be well ventilated and not cause friction.



    In this article

    • What is heat rash?
    • What does heat rash look like?
    • What causes the rash?
    • Is warm rash painful for children?
    • Symptoms of Miliria in Children
    • How is a heat rash diagnosed in a child?
    • Treatment
    • Home Remedies for Prickly Heat
    • How to prevent rashes?

    Heat rashes are common in children when you live in a hot and humid country.While heat rashes can be unpleasant, they are treatable and you can easily get rid of them. Learn to identify heat rashes in children and learn the causes, symptoms, and treatment.

    What is heat rash?

    Warm rash also called Miliaria Rubra, crystalline Miliaria , summer rash or prickly heat. As the name suggests, heat rashes are small bumps that appear on your baby’s skin as a result of excessive body heat.These irregularities are red.

    Some of the places where heat rashes appear are the abdomen, chest, neck, buttocks and perineum. If you force your child to wear a hat, rashes may develop on the forehead and scalp. Infant neck rashes are also common. If you see a heat rash in your baby, it’s important to do something to reduce the itching associated with it.

    What does heat rash look like?

    Heat eruptions are tiny red bumps.They usually appear in groups in different parts of the body.

    What causes the rash?

    Heat rashes will occur if your child sweats a lot. Due to excessive perspiration, his skin pores become clogged and sweat cannot escape. Children and babies get heat rashes because their pores are smaller compared to adults.

    If you live in hot and humid conditions, your child may develop a rash. Heat breaks can also appear in winter if your child has a fever or if you force him to wear too many layers of clothing.

    Is warm rash painful for children?

    Warm rashes are usually not painful to the baby. They usually cause only mild discomfort. However, this depends on the severity of the skin rash. If the rash is deep, it can end up painful if the child scratches it all the time.

    It is important to understand that children will not be able to communicate except cry. That is why you will need to constantly pay attention to the baby’s skin and make sure that he does not experience any inconvenience.A severe heat rash that results from overheating can even lead to a stroke.

    Symptoms of Miliria in Children

    Heat rashes or miclinias look like tiny red pimples on your baby’s skin. Other symptoms include itching, swaying, and crying. Heat breaks are irritated by scratches or clothing. Secondary infection may also occur, but this is rare.

    How is heat rash diagnosed in a child?

    prickly heat can be easily identified and usually does not need medical attention.However, if the rash persists after three to four days, or your child has a fever, be sure to call your doctor.

    If your child has a rash, watch out for these signs:

    • Increased redness, pain, swelling, or warmth around the rash
    • Pus formation
    • Fever
    • Swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, arm or groin
    • Onset red streaks on the affected area


    There is no specific treatment for heat breakouts.However, you can do the following to help your child relieve the symptoms associated with a red rash on the child:

    1. Reduce heat

    Take off or loosen your child’s clothes. Bathe your baby in cool water to get rid of sweat and unclog pores. You can also wipe your body with a clean and damp dishcloth. It will also lower the temperature of the skin.

    2. Keep your skin dry

    Do not use a towel to dry your baby’s skin. Let it dry naturally and use a ventilator to cool the baby.Do not use ointment or cream for heat rash unless instructed to do so by your pediatrician.

    3. Let your skin breathe

    This is an important aspect of childcare that many parents neglect. You need to make sure your baby’s skin is as exposed to natural air as possible. Keep them naked or make them wear something soft and loose.

    Home remedies for prickly heat

    You can also use the following home remedies to treat skin rashes in children:

    1.Ice Cubes

    Rubbing ice cubes on your rash can work wonders. Wrap some ice cubes in a cloth and gently press down on the rash. Don’t keep it pressed for a long time.

    2. Baking soda

    Prepare a solution of baking soda and water. Dip a washcloth in the solution and wipe the affected area with a cloth. This will greatly alleviate the symptoms. You can also bathe your child with a bucket of water containing 1 tablespoon of baking soda.

    3. Oatmeal

    Add one cup of oatmeal (powdered) to the water bath and bathe your baby with it.The water will turn milky as soon as you add the oatmeal to it. Be sure to use organic oatmeal and not the ones that come with preservatives. Bathe your child for 15-20 minutes and dry.

    4. Sandalwood Powder

    You have the sweet smell of sandalwood powder. It helps in cooling your baby’s skin and eliminating all symptoms. Make a paste with equal parts rose water and sandalwood powder. Apply this over the rash to relieve symptoms. Another remedy involves mixing 2 tablespoons of coriander powder, 2 tablespoons of sandalwood paste, and a little rose water.

    5. Fuller’s Land

    Fuller’s Land or Multani Mitti is another excellent home remedy you can use. All you have to do is make a thick paste from fuller earth and rose water. Then, apply the paste to the rash to see your child get rid of the itch instantly.

    6. Neem

    Make a smooth paste, grind the neem leaves and apply this paste to the affected area. Let the paste dry and wash off with cold water.

    7. Aloe Vera

    It is also known that aloe vera gel helps to get rid of heat breakouts. If you have aloe vera at home, you can scoop the gel out of the leaves yourself. If you buy it off the shelf, be sure to use organic Aloe Vera gel without any preservatives or chemicals. Feel free to use this gel to soothe a baby’s heat rash on the face and other parts of the body

    8. Cucumber

    Cut one cucumber into multiple pieces and place the pieces on your baby’s skin.You can also chop the cucumber and apply the paste to the rash for immediate cooling.

    How to prevent rash?

    Here are some ways you can prevent common rashes in children:

    • Keep your child out of the scorching rays of the sun. Store them in air-conditioned rooms, especially during peak periods of heat. When you take them out, make sure they are in a shaded area. Also, make sure your child is well hydrated
    • Always dress her in comfortable and loose clothing, especially in summer.Cotton is the way to go. Avoid using plastic diaper covers completely
    • Areas like the neck, underarms and crotch tend to become sweaty. Rinse these areas with cold water and make sure they are dry
    • Check to see if your child is overheating at regular intervals. If they are damp and warm, it’s time to shower or cool their skin with a washcloth
    • Make your baby sleep in an air-conditioned room or install a fan in your room.The fan or air conditioner should not be directed at your child. Just make sure a breeze reaches them while they sleep

    Living in tropical, humid regions always increases the likelihood of a rash. Because children are too young to socialize, they may not be able to express discomfort during the onset of the rash.