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What is toilet infection: The request could not be satisfied




Toilet infections, which is often referred to as toilet disease by some people is a condition in which a female experiences discomfort such as burning, itching and unpleasant or foul odour coming right from the vagina.
The condition is named toilet infection because most ladies could swear they started experiencing the discomfort after the use of public toilet seat.
Regardless of how its viewed, toilet infections can be darned uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassing as the itching tends to occur when you are out in public places.
This article takes a comprehensive look at what exactly is toilet infection, symptoms of toilet infections, causes of toilet infections and treatment of toilet infection. Toilet infections, which is often referred to as toilet disease by some people is a condition in which a female experiences discomfort such as burning, itching and unpleasant or foul odour coming right from the vagina.
The condition is named toilet infection because most ladies could swear they started experiencing the discomfort after the use of public toilet seat.
Regardless of how its viewed, toilet infections can be darned uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassing as the itching tends to occur when you are out in public places.
Toilet infection is the layman (non professional) term for vaginal infection.
There are several kinds of these infections. However the most common types are
•Baterial Vaginosis
•Vaginal Yeast Infection
• Trichomoniasis
Others include
•Non Infectious vaginitis
•Viral vaginitis.

As a matter of fact, knowing the exact type of toilet infection you are experiencing may be a bit difficult despite that they may have different symptoms. The reason for this is that Vaginitis has many causes and you may have more than one at the same time.

Symptoms of Toilet Infections

The common symptoms of the various kinds of toilet infection are; itching, vaginal discharge , and burning. Irrespective of how similar these symptoms look like, you should be able to point out the difference by examining the colour and the smell of the vaginal discharge.

Some amount of vaginal discharge occurs normally in women of child bearing age, the glands in the cervix produce secretion that moves downwards mixing with bacteria and dead vaginal cells which may make the discharge whitish or yellowish in colour when exposed to air. The quantity of mucus secreted depends on the amount of estrogen produced.
Furthermore, Vaginal discharge may occur as a result of emotional stress or sexual excitement. The discharge in this case is often clear mucus secretion.
Experiencing any kind of discharge that is different from the aforementioned type either in colour, odour, frequency, quantity and texture might be a strong indication that you have toilet infection
Pain also can be felt however its not a frequent symptom of toilet infection
The following are the symptoms of each kind of Toilet infection.

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Abnormal vaginal discharge with foul odour (fish like smell) often after intercourse
Discharge may be thin with white or gray colour
Itching around the vagina
Burning during urination
Some women may not have any symptoms
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal discharge is thick, whitish-gray (cottage cheese) in colour
You may not always have vaginal discharge and it can be itchy when it comes
Painful urination and painful intercourse
Intense itching around the vagina.

Frothy vaginal discharge with yellow- green or gray colour
Burning during urination
Itching or irritation of the vagina
Foul smell
Discomfort during intercourse
Symptoms occurs within 4 to 20 days after exposure since it is a sexually transmitted disease.

Causes of Toilet Infections

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
This is the most common type of toilet disease. It is caused by bacteria. The vagina itself houses two sets of bacteria which are; the good bacteria and the bad bacteria.
The good bacteria helps control the growth of the bad bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis is the situation in which the good bacteria are not enough to check the bad bacteria and hence causing overgrowth of organisms such as Gardnerella vaginalis
Although what is responsible for the change or imbalance in the bacteria is unknown, certain factors can however increase the risk of bacterial vaginosis. They include;
Use of Intrauterine device (IUD)
Frequent douching
Having more than one sexual partner or a new sexual partner
It is however important to note that you do NOT get bacterial vaginosis from toilet seats, bedding, or swimming pools.
Bacterial vaginosis are usually not life threatening . But can lead to serious problems in some cases. Examples are given below.
Having BV during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, and uterine infection after pregnancy.
Pelvic infection is more likely to occur if you have BV and you undergo pelvic procedures such as abortion, cesarean section etc.
Having BV makes you more vulnerable to catch sexually transmitted infection.

Causes Vaginal Yeast Infection.
Also known as genital candidiasis or vulvovaginal candidiasis. It is caused by a fungus usually Candida albicans . This type of fungi are normally found in small amount within the vagina and overgrowth of it leads to yeast infection. It is not clear how this fungal infection originates but it is generally believed that they are not sexually transmitted.
Infection can occur when the balance of bacteria in the vagina is affected. The following factors may increase the likelihood of imbalance.
Antibiotics: Using antibiotics may destroy the protective bacteria in the vagina causing overgrowth of yeast.
Medical Condition: Such as diabetes and weak immune system may increase the risk of yeast infection
Hormonal changes such as in pregnancy, ovulation, menopause : All of these conditions are capable of creating conducive environment for the unrestricted growth of fungus within the vagina
Birth control pills: This is capable of interfering with the estrogen content of the body promoting fungal growth in the vagina.

Causes of Non-Infectious Vaginitis
Non- Infectious vaginitis is a case where the itching, burning, and vaginal discharge happen without an infection. They often occur as a result of allergic reaction to various products such as
Vaginal sprays
Pant liners
Fabric softeners
Perfumed soaps
It may also occur as a result of lower levels of hormones as in the case of menopause or removal of ovaries causing the vagina to be dry causing burning and pain during intercourse
External objects such as a forgotten tampon may cause vaginal irritation.

Causes of Trichomoniasis.
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginatis . It is primarily an infection of the urinary and genital tract which is mostly affected by women although men can be infected too.

Prevention of Toilet Disease
Here are some preventive tips for toilet infections and disease
Always keep yourself clean and dry
Avoid using vaginal sprays or heavily perfumed soaps on the vagina.
Be careful not to allow the transfer of germs from the anal area while wiping
Avoid wearing clothes that withhold heat and moisture such as nylon underwear, tight jeans and pant hose without cotton.
Using condoms may help prevent transmitting infections
Eating yogurt with active cultures may help reduce yeast vaginal infections
Don’t use deodorant tampons or pads
Remaining in a sweaty or dirty cloth can worsen infection
Endeavour to get a complete gynecologic exam on yearly basis.

What are the symptoms of different vaginal infections?

What are the different types of vaginal disease are there and there symptoms?

There are a few different kinds of infections or irritations you can get on your vulva or vagina. When the vulva or vagina gets irritated, it’s called vaginitis.

Symptoms of vaginitis may include itching and burning in your vulva or vagina, redness, vaginal discharge that is different than normal (strong odor, white or green color, very thick or foamy), pain during sex or masturbation, burning when you pee, and/or feeling like you have to pee often. Everyone’s body is different, so people don’t always have the same symptoms. And which symptoms you have often depend on what’s causing the problem.

Sometimes vaginitis is caused by a reaction or allergy to something that irritates your genitals (like perfumed soap or scented tampons). If this is the case, usually the symptoms will go away when you stop using whatever’s irritating you. If symptoms don’t go away or get worse, you should see a doctor or nurse to find out what’s going on.

Other times vaginitis happens when the environment inside your vagina gets thrown off balance. This can make the natural yeast or bacteria that live in healthy vaginas grow too much and cause yeast infections or bacterial vaginosis. Yeast infections usually cause thick, white discharge, and may be itchy and uncomfortable. Bacterial vaginosis can also be itchy or painful, and you may notice more discharge than normal with a strong, fishy smell. Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis can be cured with medication, so make sure to see a nurse or doctor if you have any of these symptoms.

It’s also common for people with vulvas to get infections in their urethra (the tube that carries pee from your bladder out of your body). This is called a urinary tract infection, or UTI.  UTIs happen when certain bacteria get into your urethra and cause an infection. The most common symptoms for UTIs are pain or burning when you pee, and feeling like you need to pee all the time. Just like with other bacterial or yeast infections, UTIs can usually be fixed pretty quick with some antibiotics from the doctor.

Finally, some infections are passed during sex. These are called sexually transmitted infections, commonly known as STDs. There are many STDs with different symptoms. But most of the time people with STDs don’t have any symptoms at all (or don’t really notice them), so they may not even know they have one.  The only way to know for sure if you have an STD is to get tested. The best way to avoid STDs is to not have any oral, anal, or vaginal sex. If you do have sex, using condoms can reduce your chances of getting STDs. And getting tested regularly (at least once a year) will help you stay healthy.

Remember, you can’t diagnose a medical situation over the internet. If you have questions about symptoms you may be having, contact your local Planned Parenthood health center or go see your doctor as soon as possible.

-Kendall at Planned Parenthood




yeast infection,


yeast infections,


urinary tract infection,


Common Infections from a public toilet – and 8 ways to avoid them.

Guest writer Dr Adesewa Ademola writes about common ‘toilet based infections’ and key ways to avoid them.

Benefits of public toilets

Everyone prefers to use a clean toilet instead of a dirty one. While we can keep our toilets at home clean, the call to nature often happens outside our homes.

We may have the urge to use the toilet at the office, restaurant, place of worship, at a bus station, on the bus, at the train station, at the airport, on the aeroplane, at the stadium, at a music festival or just anywhere in transit.

What do you do, when several miles away from home and you just have to go?

understand it better if you have had the experience.

I have! While some people can hold on until they get back home, I just can’t. At one of these times, the very sight of a toilet is instantly exhilarating – the sheer gratitude that there is a public toilet.

Indeed, having public toilets available is an important part of modern urban living. But they are also common sites for acquiring infection. Yes, ‘toilet based infection‘.

If you ever have had one, you would agree that it is an uncomfortable experience.

Most of the time, it arrives seemingly out of the blue – and then suddenly, develops into a full-blown infection that prevents normal business until it settles.

But what is a ‘toilet infection’?

Usually, people (women in particular) use the term ‘toilet infection’ to refer to symptoms of infection occurring in the private parts – itching, vaginal discharge, painful urination or sex etc

It is a ‘layman’ (non-professional) term referring to these symptoms which actually do not arise from dirty toilets.

People commonly use it to refer to problems associated with vaginal infection symptoms.

Women associate these vaginal symptoms as being a result of using the toilet but more often these symptoms arise from either a sexually transmitted infection like Chlamydia or Gonorrhea; or non-sexual infections like Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) or Thrush (Candida).

But can you get infections from the toilet?

There are a group of different infections that could arise from the use of the toilet.

These infections are due to bugs/germs (for example bacteria, parasites and viruses) that are passed between people using public toilets.

In dirty toilets, these germs survive outside the human body on toilet seats, door handles and flush knobs of the water cisterns.  These bugs are not visible to the naked eyes which makes users easily susceptible to infection.

However, be careful – because even a toilet that appears clean may hold large reservoirs of germs/bugs.

These present with many symptoms, some of which may be non-specific such as a common cold.

Others include gut and urinary symptoms and skin infections.

If not treated quickly, the infection may enter into the bloodstream causing more severe illness (sepsis) that may become life-threatening.

It’s also important to note that the toilet is NOT the only source of these infections, as these germs can be present in other locations.

However, the purpose of this post is to highlight to us that these infections can happen after using a public toilet.

In public toilets, it is very easy for the germs to congregate transmit from one person to the next after using the toilet.

Germs that lead to Infections from the toilet.

Now, let’s look closely into some common bugs and the symptoms of toilet infections that could occur.

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

  1. This is one of the most common causes of a toilet infection passing from person to person through contaminated human wastes.
    • By eating contaminated food (food poisoning), a person develops a gut infection or gastroenteritis caused by the bug.
    • This person can infect the toilet if they do not practice proper hygiene, and thus infect the next toilet user.
    • Common symptoms include: an upset tummy, diarrhoea or vomiting, fever etc.
  2. It’s also important to know that the same germ can move from the gut by passing from the anal region to the bladder via the urinary tubes close to the vagina or in the penis.
    • This could cause a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), also known as bladder infection or kidney infection.
    • Symptoms can include painful urination, blood in the urine, fever and abdominal pain etc.


This is another gut infection which is notorious for causing dysentery (diarrhoea containing mucus and blood).

The form of dysentery it causes is known as bacillary dysentery or shigellosis.

It is highly contagious and so easily passes from person to person in toilets with contamination.

The symptoms will also include abdominal pain, fever, tiredness etc

Hepatitis A infection

This is a viral bug that may cause liver disease.

It results from contact with infected human waste and spread from the faeces to the mouth.

Here again, contaminated toilets play a huge part in association with practices such as not washing hands after using the toilet or before eating.

Although almost everyone who gets it recovers fully from Hepatitis A infection (with lifelong immunity), having the infection can be really distressing.

It presents with symptoms such as fatigue, nausea & vomiting, joints & abdominal pains, dark urine, fever and jaundice etc

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus (“staph”) as it is commonly known is notorious for causing several types of infections including skin infections such as:

  • boils,
  • cellulitis (a superficial skin infection called which leaves your skin red and very painful),
  • urinary tract infections and others.

It could also cause severe bone infections, and lead to potentially life-threatening blood infection and Sepsis especially if there are delays in diagnosis and treatment. Symptoms will depend on the location of the infection in each case.


Globally, this is a very common cause of gastroenteritis – affecting young children in particular. The symptoms also include vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal upset as described above. If not promptly managed it can lead to dehydration.

Important note

Other germs that can be associated with using dirty toilets can include Norovirus, Streptococcus , Influenza – etc. The key factors are unclean environments, and contact that allows transmission from one person to another.

As some of these infections are highly contagious (gastroenteritis), it is very important to avoid work or school once you come down with them. Prompt presentation at a health facility and treatment by a competent health professionals is important.

Also, it is important to keep well hydrated during an episode of gastroenteritis to prevent dehydration and possible kidney injury.

Popular Myths about Toilet Infections

  • Toilet infections are STIs (Sexually transmitted infection)

Just as the name implies, sexual infections pass from one person to the next via sexual contact/intercourse – not through using the toilet and they include Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, etc.

  • Bacterial vaginosis is a toilet infection

Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginal discharge and itching in women, and it is not transmitted via toilet seats. It is caused by an imbalance between good and bad bacteria in a female genital tract.

8 of the best ways to prevent infection in public toilets.

  • Use a toilet seat cover if one is available and if possible use a flushable covering over the toilet seat cover before using the toilet.
  • Flush the toilet using a paper towel to hold the knob.
  • Use a clean tissue to open a sanitary bin.
  • After using the toilet, wash your hands. Time yourself by singing “Happy Birthday” twice. Use soap and rub your hands together. The friction and water should wash the germs off.
  • Use a paper towel to turn off the sink (Remember, dirty hands turned it on!)
  • Take a towel paper with you to open and close the door or preferably use your elbow.
  • Keep your personal belongings off the toilet floor.
  • Carry your own hand sanitizer with you at all times – this may be handy for use on visibly clean hands – if there is no running water available.


As you can see, to prevent infections from toilets, everyone needs to play their part.

If you think you have a one of these infections, seek medical treatment in a health care facility from qualified healthcare professionals.

When using a public toilet facility, take necessary precautions as recommended above to protect yourself.

Remember to carry in your bags/pocket hand sanitizers and pocket tissues – and ALWAYS leave the toilet clean after use for the next person.

Those who provide and manage public toilet facilities should ensure that public toilets are kept clean and well ventilated; that there is regular running water, soap, hand towels and dryers; that there is stable supply of liquid dispensable soaps; and toilet paper.

Do you have any tips for preventing toilet-linked infections? Share some in the comments below.

Edited by AskAwayHealth Team


All AskAwayHealth articles are written by practicing
Medical Practitioners on a wide range of health care conditions to
provide evidence-based guidance and to help promote quality health care.
The advice in our material is not meant to replace the management of
your specific condition by a qualified health care practitioner.

To discuss your condition, please contact a health practitioner or reach us directly through [email protected]

Types, symptoms, causes, and treatments

Vaginal infections can cause pain and discomfort. Without treatment, they may lead to complications that can adversely affect a person’s health. However, people can treat or manage most vaginal infections.

This article will discuss some different types of vaginal infections and their common symptoms. It will also cover their treatment options and how to prevent them.

If a person experiences any of the following symptoms, they should see a doctor:

The following sections will look at some common causes of vaginal infections, as well as their specific symptoms and some treatment options.

Vaginal yeast infections are a result of the fungus called Candida, typically Candida albicans.

Yeast infections occur when the Candida species penetrate the mucosal lining of the vagina, resulting in an inflammatory response.


Some symptoms of a yeast infection include:

  • irritation, itching, and burning in and around the vagina
  • thick, sticky, white discharge
  • swelling and flushing around the vulva and vagina

Some people may experience a worsening of symptoms just before a menstrual period.


Because yeast infections occur due to a fungus, people can treat them with antifungal agents.

People can either take antifungal medication orally or apply a cream to the inside of the vagina. Both of these options are available over the counter.

Pregnant people should not take oral antifungal medication.

Learn more about how to treat a yeast infection at home here.

Some bacterial infections that affect the vagina include:

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) occurs when there is an overgrowth of the bacteria that are naturally present in the vagina. This is the result of a decrease in the bacteria lactobacilli in the vagina.


Not everyone with BV will experience symptoms, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) note.

However, if symptoms are present, a person can expect:

  • thin gray or white discharge
  • a fishy-smelling odor from the vagina
  • a burning sensation while urinating
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • itching of the vulva

A doctor will usually prescribe clindamycin or metronidazole for BV. If a person develops recurring BV, they will likely prescribe a second course of antibiotics or treat the condition for a longer period of time.

One 2020 article states that up to 30% of people with BV do not need treatment, however, as it can go away by itself.

Learn more about home remedies for BV here.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea

Other bacterial infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, are sexually transmitted infections (STIs).


The CDC note that most people do not have any symptoms of chlamydia, and if they do appear, it might not be for several weeks.

However, symptoms may include:

  • white, green, or yellow discharge
  • bleeding
  • a burning sensation during urination
  • pain during sexual intercourse

More than 50% of females will not experience any symptoms of gonorrhea.

Symptoms of gonorrhea include:

  • vaginal discharge that may be green, white, or yellow
  • pelvic pain
  • a burning sensation while urinating
  • swelling and pain of the labia

Learn more about the differences between chlamydia and gonorrhea here.


According to one 2020 article, people often have chlamydia and gonorrhea at the same time. If this is the case, doctors will treat both of these bacterial infections with antibiotics.

A person should not have sex until a week after finishing this medication.

Some viral vaginal infections include herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), which causes herpes, and the human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes genital warts.

A person can contract these viruses through sexual intercourse or by coming into skin-to-skin contact with a person who has them.

Genital herpes

Symptoms of genital herpes include:

  • painful ulcers or sores on the genitals
  • burning or pain while urinating
  • swelling of lymph nodes
  • swelling of the vulva
  • fever and headaches

Learn more about genital herpes here.


The symptomatic appearance of herpes tends to disappear after 19 days. However, just because a person no longer has symptoms, it does not mean that they are no longer infectious.

Doctors cannot cure herpes, but people can undergo antiviral therapy to help manage the symptoms.

Genital warts

Symptoms of genital warts include:

  • warts, either separate or in clusters, around and inside the vagina and anus
  • warts that may bleed
  • itching, flushing, or discomfort

Learn more about genital warts here.


Like genital herpes, there is currently no cure for genital warts. However, a 2020 article states that for 80% of people, the HPV infection will clear from the body within 2 years.

Although there is no cure, doctors may be able to remove visible warts, either through the use of surgery or with topical solutions that people can apply themselves.

Trichomoniasis, or trich, is a very common STI. This infection occurs due to a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis.

The CDC note that in the United States, it affects approximately 3.7 million people.

Learn more about trichomoniasis here.


Approximately 70% of people do not present with signs or symptoms. Some people begin to show symptoms within 5–28 days, while others may not develop symptoms until much later.

If symptoms are present, they may include:

  • itchy, sore, flushed, or burning genitals
  • a change in vaginal discharge, such as:
    • an increase in volume
    • a change in color to clear, yellow, or green
    • the production of thin discharge
  • discomfort during urination


A person can take antibiotics to treat trich. A doctor will prescribe either metronidazole or tinidazole.

Noninfectious vaginitis typically occurs due to irritants. Certain things that come into contact with the vagina may cause an allergic reaction.

There are many different things that a person may be allergic to or have a sensitivity toward, including:

  • sperm fluid
  • spermicides
  • latex condoms
  • fragrances or cosmetics
  • lubricants
  • feminine hygiene products
  • bubble baths and other soaps with fragrances
  • sanitary pads
  • other personal care products
  • nickel plated objects
  • douches that people do not dilute correctly
  • close fitting underwear and lingerie


Symptoms of an allergy or sensitivity to triggers include:

  • swelling and irritation of the vagina and vulva
  • flushing of the vagina and vulva
  • pain, burning, and stinging sensations on the vulva


The main form of treatment for vaginal discomfort as a result of irritants is to avoid any known triggers.

To find out what triggers a reaction, a doctor may order a patch test. During a patch test, they will apply different substances to the skin to determine which ones cause an allergic reaction.

If a person does receive treatment for a vaginal infection, it is possible that they may experience pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or postpartum endometriosis.

In PID, the womb, ovaries, and fallopian tubes experience inflammation. In postpartum endometritis, the uterine lining grows outside of the uterus.

During pregnancy

The vaginal infections listed in this article may adversely affect people during pregnancy.

According to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, certain conditions can cause certain complications during pregnancy. For example:

  • BV may increase the chance of giving birth prematurely.
  • Chlamydia can increase the chance of giving birth prematurely and cause eye infections or pneumonia in the infant.
  • Gonorrhea can cause pregnancy loss, premature birth, and low birth weight, as well as eye infections and blindness in the infant.
  • People with genital herpes may pass this infection to the infant while giving birth.
  • Trich can cause preterm birth and a low birth weight.

It is important to see a doctor if a person experiences any symptoms of a vaginal infection or if a sexual partner informs them that they have an STI.

A doctor will investigate the symptoms to diagnose the cause, and they will be able to form a treatment plan.

To make a diagnosis, a doctor may swab the vagina or the skin outside the vagina and send this swab to a laboratory for analysis.

There are multiple tests that a laboratory can perform on these swabs, including:

  • the wet prep, wherein a technician will put the swab into a saline solution and examine it
  • gram stain, often for the diagnosis of BV
  • cultures, often for the diagnosis of yeast infections
  • DNA technologies, often for the diagnosis of bacterial STIs

Although vaginas react to possible triggers of allergies and other lifestyle factors in different ways, people can avoid certain things to reduce their chance of experiencing a vaginal infection.

For example, they can try:

  • avoiding scented sanitary products, vaginal deodorants, and feminine hygiene products
  • avoiding bath products, laundry products, and toilet papers that have fragrance or color
  • not douching
  • not wearing damp or tight clothing
  • wearing cotton underwear, and changing underwear daily
  • washing sex toys and reusable sanitary products according to the instructions
  • changing nonreusable sanitary products every 4–8 hours
  • wiping front-to-back after using the bathroom, to prevent germs from the anus from coming into contact with the vagina
  • if allergic to latex, avoiding latex lubricants and condoms

Vaginal infections can occur due to yeast, bacteria, viruses, and irritants. They can be painful and reduce a person’s ability to participate in normal daily activities.

It is important to see a doctor if a person notices any change in their vaginal discharge, experiences any symptoms of an infection, or has a sexual partner with an STI.

A doctor will be able to diagnose what is causing these symptoms and work out a treatment plan.

What Can You Catch in Restrooms?

Perhaps Ally McBeal can ease her off-the-charts stress levels by escaping to the office restroom. But for most of us, public toilets are actually a bit scary.

If you squirm at the thought of creepy germs lurking on toilet seats and faucet handles, you probably spend as little time as possible in the restrooms of your office building, not to mention those in restaurants, hotels and (God forbid!) gas stations. And during those nerve-wracking moments when you dare to venture into the confines of the bathroom, you may find yourself pushing open the stall door with your elbows, crouching precariously above the toilet seat rather than letting your skin touch it, and flushing with your shoe.

But while there’s plenty of bathroom paranoia to go around, anxiety might be a little overdone. Yes, there can be plenty of bugs lying in wait in public restrooms, including both familiar and unfamiliar suspects like streptococcus, staphylococcus, E. coli and shigella bacteria, hepatitis A virus, the common cold virus, and various sexually transmitted organisms. But if your immune system is healthy, and if you adopt simple hygienic measures like handwashing, you should be able to deliver a knockout punch to most of what you encounter and perhaps put your “germ-phobia” to rest.


No doubt about it, there could be a witch’s brew of germs wherever you turn in public restrooms. Many people consider toilet seats to be public enemy No. 1 — the playground for organisms responsible for STDs like chlamydia or gonorrhea. But before you panic, the toilet seat is not a common vehicle for transmitting infections to humans. Many disease-causing organisms can survive for only a short time on the surface of the seat, and for an infection to occur, the germs would have to be transferred from the toilet seat to your urethral or genital tract, or through a cut or sore on the buttocks or thighs, which is possible but very unlikely.

“To my knowledge, no one has ever acquired an STD on the toilet seat — unless they were having sex on the toilet seat!” says Abigail Salyers, PhD, president of the American Society for Microbiology (ASM).


Common cold germs, like most viruses, die rapidly, and thus may be less of a threat than you think. “Even if you come into contact with particular viruses or bacteria, you’d have to contract them in amounts large enough to make you sick,” says Judy Daly, PhD, professor of pathology at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City.


Germs in feces can be propelled into the air when the toilet is flushed. For that reason, Philip Tierno, MD, director of clinical microbiology and diagnostic immunology at New York University Medical Center and Mt. Sinai Medical Center, advises leaving the stall immediately after flushing to keep the microscopic, airborne mist from choosing you as a landing site. “The greatest aerosol dispersal occurs not during the initial moments of the flush, but rather once most of the water has already left the bowl,” he says.

Other hot zones in public bathrooms include sinks, faucet handles, and towel dispensers. Picture someone emerging from a bathroom stall, and turning on the faucet with dirty hands, and you’ll know why faucet handles are a potentially troublesome surface. Studies at the University of Arizona in Tucson found that sinks are the greatest reservoir of germ colonies in restrooms, thanks in part to accumulations of water that become breeding grounds for tiny organisms.

“Your own immune system is your first line of defense against contracting diseases in public restrooms,” says Daly. But hand washing is a very important adjunct. Yet a survey that was part of ASM’s Clean Hands Campaign revealed this dirty little secret: Though 95% of men and women claim that they wash after using a public toilet, observations made by researchers discovered that only 67% actually do.


“Many people are unconcerned about microorganisms because you can rush out of an airport bathroom without washing your hands, and lightning won’t strike you,” says Salyers. “So these people may think that handwashing is not all that important.”

Even if you wash your hands, you may not do it properly, says Tierno, author of The Secret Life of Germs. “Some individuals move their hands quickly under a flow of water for only a second or so, and they don’t use soap. That’s not going to do much good.”


Tierno advises rubbing soapy water all over the hands and fingers for 20 to 30 seconds, including under the fingernails. As you create friction by rubbing the hands together, you’ll loosen the disease-causing particles on the hands. After rinsing thoroughly, repeat the process, he says.

Even if you’re a frequent visitor to public restrooms, you can coexist peacefully and even healthfully with the germs around you. In addition to handwashing, try these strategies:

  • Rather than flushing the toilet with your bare hand, use your shoe. Everyone else is probably doing it.
  • After washing your hands, use a paper towel to shut off the faucet and to open the door on your way out, in order to keep from becoming contaminated, says Tierno.
  • Whenever possible, use a restroom stall with toilet paper that is almost completely covered in a metal or plastic holder, which will guard against splattering water and germs.
  • Use hot-air hand dryers with care. In order to feel the hot air, you might have to get very close to the vents. Don’t let your hands touch the surface of the vents, however, or you’ll risk contamination.

How To Prevent Toilet Infection | The Guardian Nigeria News

Toilet infections are generally uncomfortable for both male and female which often displays symptoms like itching, pain on urination, bad odour and general discomfort in the private area.

Some harmful habits like squatting when urinating, wrong method of cleaning the anus after defecating, vagina douching, use of perfumes on the private area, use of dirty toilets and use of wet underwear may predispose a person to toilet infection.

Although, most people find treating toilet infections quite embarrassing; it is important to treat its early so it does not snowball into another issue that will affect one’s sexual health.

Below are helpful tips to prevent toilet infections:

Stop Vaginal Douching

Image credit: Pixabay

Do not use medicated soap, antiseptics or salt to wash your private area has it causes harm to the bacteria living in the vagina. Only use water to clean up while bathing.

Always Change Your Underwear

Image credit: Pixabay

It is advisable to change your underwear twice or whenever you’ve sweat much. Ensure your underwear is always dry.

Ensure You Stand Or Just Bend While Urinating

Image credit: Pixabay

When you stand or bend when urinating, it helps to prevent infection by avoiding urine splashing on you. It is advisable to adopt this position, especially when using a public toilet.

Do Not Share Underwears

Image credit: Pixabay

Never share your underwears with anyone as you do not know their sexual history and hygiene, hence, it is better to be safe than sorry.

Do Not Use Perfumes On The Sex Organ

Image credit: Pixabay

Stop the use of perfume or scented soap on the vagina as it changes the chemical balance which can predispose a person to toilet infections.


Avoid Injury On The Sex Organ

Image credit: Pixabay

Be careful not to injure yourself around your private area has a break in the skin due to injury will predispose one to infections.

It is better to be proactive about protecting your sexual health in order to avoid toilet infections.

Can you catch a sexually transmitted infection from a toilet seat?

A: No, sexually transmitted infections cannot be caught from toilet seats.

Our expert: Professor Basil Donovan

Published 12/05/2011

[Image source: iStockPhoto]

There’s nothing worse than desperately needing to go to the toilet when the only options are a service station or public park.

You hold your breath and try not to think about the disease-causing germs that are probably crawling all over the seat and bowl – chlamydia, gonnorrhea and syphilis, to name but a few.

But can you actually catch a sexually transmitted infection (STI), from a toilet seat?

No you can’t, according to sexual health expert Professor Basil Donovan, because even if the bacteria and viruses that can cause an STI got onto the seat, they can’t survive for long after leaving the human body.

As their name suggests STIs are most commonly spread through sexual activity, including intercourse, oral sex and, in the case of some diseases such as genital warts, direct skin-to-skin contact.

“There’s nothing very magical about STIs, they’re fastidious bugs which don’t like dry [conditions], heat,” Donovan says.

“Most organisms are quite fragile so don’t last any more than a few minutes… because they dry out and die.”

Theoretical risk?

But if, for argument’s sake, enough disease-causing organisms had survived on a loo seat to make you sick, could you actually pick up an infection?

Again, Donovan says it’s highly unlikely as none of our body parts that are vulnerable to sexual infections actually touch the toilet seat.

“Viruses such as warts can’t get in unless there is a break in the skin, and when you have sex it induces micro-trauma and breaks the outer layer of skin,” Donovan says.

“If the virus was just dabbed on the outside of your skin it couldn’t attach itself,”.

Granted, if you had a cut on your bottom and there were bacteria or viruses on the seat it is theoretically possible that you could catch an STI.

But Donovan says in all his years of treating patients he has never suspected a toilet seat as the source of any STI.

Toilet seats are also unlikely to be the source of urinary tract infections, most commonly caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli), because your urethra – the tube that connects the bladder to the genitals and can become infected – never touches the seat.

Myth makers

So if you can’t catch an STI from a loo seat, where has this belief come from? Well, doctors may not be completely innocent in inducing this paranoia, Donovan says.

In the late 19th century doctors tried to destigmatise STIs by saying infections could be contracted in a variety of ways – not just through sex.

“One they used was that you could get syphilis from common drinking fountains, which had cups attached to them,” Donovan says.

Hygiene hints

But while you don’t need to worry about picking up an STI the next time you need to visit a public convenience, you should still think hygiene-first while in the bathroom.

Washing and drying your hands after using the toilet is one of the most important factors in stopping the spread of the germs that can cause digestive diseases, such as rotavirus.

Donovan says the most important habits for hygiene are:

  • Not touching your face until you wash your hands if you have been to the toilet
  • Washing your hands with soap
  • Drying your hands thoroughly

“Drying your hands is more important than washing them. If you wet a door knob you do a disservice to everyone because you are improving the environment in which germs can thrive,” he says.

Professor Basil Donovan is head of the sexual health program at the Kirby Institute for infection and immunity in society (formerly known as the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research). He is also a sexual health physician at the Sydney Sexual Health Centre at Sydney Hospital. He spoke to Jenny Pogson.

90,000 Public toilets and the coronavirus

Public toilets and the coronavirus

Almost all of us have used a public toilet at least once. Currently, the outbreak of the new coronavirus infection, which has closed cafes, restaurants, shopping centers and many other public buildings, has led to the fact that most public toilets are also inaccessible. However, the gradual removal of restrictions will lead to the opening of public toilets as well.

The question then becomes: can public toilets play a role in the spread of the new coronavirus infection?

The fact that the coronavirus can also be excreted in the feces became clear when the SARS-CoV-2 virus was found in the sewers. Many scientists believe public toilets may be an additional source of COVID-19 spread. In body fluids, viral particles can be present in high concentrations, therefore, if the toilet was used by a patient with a new coronavirus infection, the likelihood of infection there increases.

Doorknob, flush button, faucet: every visitor to the public toilet touches the same surfaces, so-called hot spots. Hundreds of people can visit toilets every day. Thus, if an infected person uses a public toilet, virus particles can spread through the booth. These small particles pass through three layers of toilet paper quite easily, which is why you should not forget about the importance of washing your hands both before and after each visit to the toilet.Currently, hot spots are given a lot of attention, and public toilets are cleaned more often and more thoroughly.

But there is a second, less well-known route of possible infection in a public toilet, namely through the air stream. Every time we flush water into the toilet, there is a huge amount of small droplets, aerosols in the air. These aerosols may contain the SARS-CoV-2 virus if a COVID-19 patient has used the toilet.

Although scientists have not yet decided whether aerosols play a significant role in the spread of coronavirus infection, if such aerosol is distributed in closed rooms with poor ventilation, it can be dangerous.

Unfortunately, we do not know exactly how long these aerosols remain in the air or how infectious they are. However, using a mask in a public toilet in light of the above is a very good idea. Also remember to close the toilet lid before using the flush button.

Regular ventilation also plays an important role in the prevention of airborne infections, including new coronavirus infection.

So, when visiting public toilets, remember to wash your hands before and after visiting, use a disposable mask and close the toilet lid before using the flush.This will help you significantly reduce your risk of infection.

Types of Bacterial Infections: Summer Tips for Women

By: Women’s Care Florida Staff

July means a lot in Florida: crowds of tourists, afternoon storms and intense humidity that ruins all hair. However, sunlight, heat, and humidity also pose many health hazards, including bacterial infections. While you are likely taking steps to protect your skin health, are you taking care of your gynecological health?

Florida weather may increase women’s risk of diseases such as:

Bacterial vaginosis

High temperatures and tight shorts can make your vagina vulnerable to various types of bacterial infections.This humid and warm environment is ideal for bacterial growth and development, which increases the risk of bacterial vaginosis or vaginitis.

To protect yourself from bacterial infection, wear loose-fitting clothing made from natural breathable materials such as cotton or linen. On hot, humid nights, you might also consider sleeping without your underwear.

Whether you are in an air-conditioned office or on the beach, you should also get up and move around frequently. Sitting for too long can lead to too high a temperature in the vagina.

Yeast infections

Hot Florida weather also increases the risk of yeast infections. You can reduce your risk of these itchy and unpleasant infections by following the same strategies as for bacterial vaginosis: wear loose cotton clothing and move frequently.

It is also important to avoid douching products. While you may not feel very refreshed there in the summer, douches can rid you of the bacteria you need by upsetting the pH balance of your vagina.When your pH is out of order, it can stimulate yeast growth and prosperity.

If you feel like you need to freshen up between showers, carry gentle, unscented wipes for women. Use these napkins just like you would toilet paper: wipe them from front to back with light strokes.

Urethral infection

One of the main causes of urinary tract infections (UTIs) is dehydration. In the summer in Florida, this can happen quickly.Without enough fluid, bacteria that you would normally get rid of in the bathroom end up remaining in your urinary tract, multiplying and causing bacterial infections.

To reduce the risk of UTIs, be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day. You will know that you are getting enough fluid if your urine is pale yellow or clear when you go to the bathroom.

Skin infections

Many women take the extra care of themselves before putting on a bikini in the summer.However, if you shave just before heading to the pool or the ocean, you may increase your risk of a skin infection. Immediately after shaving or waxing, your skin becomes sensitive and the follicles are wide open. This relieves skin irritation by bacteria and other microbes.

Instead, take care of any grooming 24 to 48 hours before you plan to swim. Keep the area hydrated to help the skin heal faster.

Want more advice on great summer health? Click here to see an obstetrician / gynecologist at Women’s Care Florida to make sure you’re in top shape for the summer.

90,000 How to make the right decisions in a crisis

Information about the spread of COVID-19 is changing rapidly, and in these conditions people are trying to make a variety of decisions – from “whether to go on vacation” to “how to protect themselves and loved ones.” Decisions are now being given hard, and there are serious psychological reasons for this.

1. We are under threat. This disease is no joke. All over the world people are dying from it.The infection is spreading so quickly that the news about it is different every day. Our brains are designed so that we pay special attention to threats, so the epidemic does not go out of our heads, unlike more distant threats like climate change.

2. The situation with the spread of the virus is very uncertain. How many already infected? Is the infection spreading quickly across communities? How many people will get sick in the end? When it comes to forecasting, we understand linear trends well.We have little understanding of trends driven by accelerating growth exponentially. At first, the virus infects a few, but the number of cases can grow rapidly. The uncertainty we face is forcing us to pay more and more attention to the coronavirus.

3. Humans can have very little influence on the spread of the virus. We can make it a rule to wash our hands and not touch our face, we can isolate ourselves during an epidemic, but many aspects of the situation are beyond our control.No one likes to find themselves in situations beyond their control. This creates additional anxiety, as well as a desire to do something to regain control over what is happening.

4. All attempts to contain the spread of the virus are mainly reduced to preventing its transmission from person to person. That is, if these measures are successfully taken, a certain number of people will not get sick. Unfortunately, we cannot create a control group that does not take these measures.As a result, it is difficult to understand what actions and programs are helping to end the epidemic.

All four of these factors influence our behavior and the decisions we make. Threat, uncertainty, and anxiety push us towards short-sighted decisions.

For example, uncertainty makes us thirsty for new information about the virus and its spread, and many people look for it for a long time. Awareness is good, but we know that negative news causes stress and confusion.

In the same way, the inability to influence the situation encourages people to strive for actions that give a sense of control over what is happening. This first took the form of buying up hand sanitizers. These actions made sense, since what was bought could be used to disinfect skin and surfaces. But when the stock of these goods ran out, people still needed to control at least something, so toilet paper, paper towels and bottled water disappeared from the shelves. There is less sense in buying these goods – and experts definitely did not advise stocking them.Yet these purchases temporarily eased some people’s anxiety by making them feel like they had done something.

Some of us, in anxiety, make hasty decisions about finances. In the first weeks of March, key stock indices fell by about 20%, and many are drawn to sell their shares (obviously, quite a few people did). But this is a sure way to unrealized losses, which can be reflected in the future (given the past behavior of stock markets).People want to act quickly, even if inaction is more appropriate.

So, what can we do to make the right decisions despite these psychological factors? The best way to resist your inner voice calling for immediate action is to slow down. Panic makes people want to do something right now to avoid the threat, but most of the measures you can take are inappropriate during a pandemic.

By slowing down, you can analyze the data thoughtfully, i. e.That is, draw conclusions under the influence of what Keith Stanovich and Richard West called “System 2” in their two-system approach to thinking (a similar classification of thinking is also proposed by Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman). We already have a lot of information about the virus and how to respond to it. Take the time to familiarize yourself with it and think it over before making important personal and business decisions. We will have a lot to do in the next few weeks or months, but all decisions should be made after carefully weighing and soberly comprehending the data obtained and discussing them with experts.Your actions shouldn’t be a reaction to a headline or tweet.

This is also true for situations that require inaction, when it is better not to fuss and wait for new information. Stanovich and West called System 1 a mechanism for quick, intuitive decision-making that responds to your current state of mind, prompting you to take action. These quick fixes have an unjustified tendency towards action, so we need to slow down to make our quick reactions truly justified.

From the above, it follows that in times of (relatively) slowly developing deadly crises such as a pandemic, it is better to spend more time weighing your decisions, rather than being guided by intuition. Quick, intuitive actions can calm your anxiety for a while, but they tend to create more problems than they solve.

About the Author: Art Markman is a professor of psychology and marketing at the University of Texas at Austin and founding director of the Human Dimensions of Organizations program.Author of over 150 scientific papers on thinking, decision making and motivation

First published in Harvard Business Review Russia. The original article is here

Why do Ufa residents buy buckwheat and toilet paper in the rampant coronavirus?

Photo: Social networks

Why do residents of Ufa buy buckwheat and toilet paper in the rampant coronavirus? Photo: Social networks

Today in Ufa supermarkets and small shops you can hardly find the queen of all cereals – buckwheat. Toilet paper is also in short supply. Amid the rampant coronavirus infection, store shelves with these products were empty. And this is the picture, unfortunately, throughout the country.

Practicing psychologist Elena Sadykova noted that this behavior of Ufa residents and all Russians is called “protective”.

“Anxiety is easier to deal with if you do at least something to survive in a situation of imminent danger. I stock up on food, which means that I already have some control over what is happening.With anxiety disorders, a person develops protective behavior – the psyche invents its own rules, following which a person feels safe. And these attempts to “buy yourself a guarantee of survival” can be attributed to such behavior, ”the specialist explained.

However, the psychologist sees problems in such behavior – these actions calm down for a short time. The voltage level very quickly returns to past values ​​and increases.

“And these forays into stores and creating scarcity are a sign of past crises, a reference to the collective trauma we still experience,” says Elena Sadykova.- We do not know any other way to live these moments, therefore we traditionally purchase the same products. Even this sameness is a trace of the Soviet past. After all, now you can buy anything, but we prefer to do exactly the same thing as everyone else, just in case. ”

90,000 Bloomberg warned of interruptions in toilet paper :: Economy :: RBK

A shortage can be caused by a lack of capacity to deliver the raw materials needed by toilet paper manufacturers from South America.

Photo: Daniel Acker / Bloomberg

In the context of the ongoing pandemic of the coronavirus infection COVID-19, the world is threatened with interruptions in toilet paper, Bloomberg reports. At a time when stores are once again restrained in several countries around the world and consumers are increasing household stocks, toilet paper manufacturers may face a shortage of raw materials.

The reason for the deficit, according to Bloomberg, may be an increase in demand for the carriage of goods by sea and a shortage of ships supporting them. Exporters of goods transported in containers were the first to suffer, but now the crisis threatens to spill over to goods delivered by sea in other types of packaging – bags, barrels, boxes, etc.Walter Schalka, head of the Brazilian company Suzano SA, which accounts for about a third of the world supply of the type of wood pulp that goes to the production of toilet paper, told Bloomberg about the emergence of problems with the export of wood pulp (a semi-finished product for making paper).

According to Schalki, due to increased competition between consumers, ships began to appear at Suzano terminals less often than usual, and in the future the situation could only get worse. The head of Suzano believes that the result may be interruptions in the supply of raw materials to manufacturers of toilet paper and, as a result, the limitation of its release at those enterprises that did not stock up on raw materials in advance.

As the Essity group of companies told RBC, they have the necessary access to the pulp production facilities to serve the needs of customers. “The company is currently not experiencing any pulp supply problems associated with global container demand. Contrary to media reports, a shortage of toilet paper is not expected. We, of course, continue to closely monitor the supply chain, ”the company explained.

The representative of Essity in Russia (Essity LLC) noted that he does not see a serious risk for his supply of materials.“However, this is an additional reason for the continued rise in pulp prices that we have seen in the global pulp market in recent weeks, which also affects pulp prices in Russia,” he added. 90,003 90,000 Layoffs and the toilet paper boom. What did Voronezh residents say about the coronavirus abroad. Latest news from Voronezh and region

Russia is actively taking measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus – they limit air traffic, establish medical surveillance for Russians arriving from abroad, cancel mass events and send schoolchildren and students on early holidays.People are prudent in buying antibacterial gels and gauze dressings. However, there is no general panic, and many are skeptical about the situation. Voronezh residents temporarily or permanently living abroad told the RIA Voronezh correspondent what moods reign in other countries in connection with the coronavirus.

Andrey Nasonov, USA (lives in Virginia, works in Washington): “People go out on the street less often”

– Nightclubs, bars, many restaurants are closing in Washington.In those that still work, there are restrictions on the number of people at the tables and the distance between the tables. The streets of the city are empty, and in the shops there are shelves with food and essentials. Cleaning products, toilet paper, hand sanitizers have disappeared from the shelves in many stores. Even before the announcement of the state of emergency in the country (March 13), the mayor of the city, Muriel Bowser, introduced an emergency regime – many schools were temporarily closed, the metro changed opening hours, and universities began to extend vacations. Small businesses lose their clientele and take action based on the situation, up to and including cuts in employee hours or forced vacations.Large companies are transferring employees to a remote mode of work. People try to go out less often. Some wear medical masks and wear gloves.

Irina Rossi, USA, Philadelphia, PA: “No hysteria yet”

– Americans are quite skeptical about the coronavirus. But precautions are being taken. People try not to be in public places, wash their hands more often, all companies and shops cancel events and parties. Stores and institutions send emails to customers and patients with a report on how they are trying to prevent the virus – disinfecting, monitoring the health of employees.I received messages from the bank and all the shops where I go – they recommend not to leave the house if I have signs of a cold, to use online services. But in general, everything is as always. An important role is played by the fact that almost no one uses public transport. Americans are always in awe of hygiene: everyone has hand sanitizer, and it’s free in public places. In addition, Internet commerce is developed in America, and food and medicine are quickly and free of charge delivered to your home. Hysteria has not yet been observed.The main inconvenience is that they are buying up essential goods, but Americans generally like to “stock up”, and they do so before heavy snowfalls.

Anton Shaleev, Amsterdam (Netherlands): “Most work from home”

– Most companies have switched to work from home or shorter working hours. On Wednesday, March 11, Prime Minister Mark Rutte launched a package of measures against the coronavirus, after which the country’s universities switched to distance learning and all events designed for more than 100 people were canceled.Schools, gyms, swimming pools, restaurants, bars and famous Amsterdam coffee shops are closing. There are no particular problems with food, but you can see empty shelves with pasta, rice and toilet paper, paper handkerchiefs. Of course, this depends on the time of day and the size of the store, but overall demand is much higher than what supermarkets could prepare for. The pharmacies have everything except the medical masks, which were sold out a week ago. In household chemical stores – half-empty shelves with paracetamol and soap, alcohol hand sanitizer is almost impossible to buy.

Nadezhda Lacombe, Grenoble (France): “I don’t shake hands”

– Concerts, meetings are canceled, kindergartens and schools are closed from March 16. I do not shake hands with my patients (Nadezhda works as a psychotherapist. – Approx. RIA Voronezh). There are no medical masks and hand sanitizers in stores, but there are no problems with food.

Ekaterina Trubnikova, Qingdao (China): “The Chinese were united by trouble”

– Now my husband and I are in Voronezh – we are hiding from the virus. In China, the situation is improving: more and more recovered and fewer patients.The Chinese took tough measures and were able to bring the situation under control. In shops, on highways, train stations and airports, police measure the temperature of people. Movements to other cities are limited. Schools, of course, were closed, but in cafes and shops they took measures so that people were a meter or two from each other, to draw boundaries … But everyone is trying to live normally, because life should not stop. It is said that in some provinces, guards are watching people and only one person from the family is allowed out of the house for food once or twice a week.But I want to add that the Chinese are very united by the situation with the virus. There were many volunteers who distribute gauze bandages and carry food. Many doctors went to work in Wuhan on their own initiative.

Alexandra Grieg, periodically lives in Germany (Berlin): “Coronavirus hit the economy”

– I left Berlin before the peak situation: from March 16, half of the restaurants and cafes there are closed, any events with people of more than 50 people are prohibited. Accordingly, the city seems to be dying out.A week ago, many companies transferred their employees to work from home, especially in the IT sector. In this regard, many went to the store to buy groceries for future use in order to go out less often. There is also a funny boom in toilet paper: people buy it with crazy enthusiasm. I saw one guy take out four packs of 12 rolls. And the day before yesterday, a man in line at the checkout yelled at my friend because she got too close. The virus has hit the country’s economy. Companies where employees are in direct contact with people have suffered.Employers began to fire waiters, bartenders. The Germans constantly talk about the coronavirus, but more economically than out of fear of getting sick. The wealthy stratum of society in Germany invests money in certain companies. Now any conversation begins with the phrase: “I sold the shares.”

Olga, is on a business trip in London: “Everything goes on as usual”

– There is no panic here. Just now I returned from the store, everything is as usual. Offices, bars, schools, shops are open.I only saw masked people at the airport. From what has changed – sanitizers were installed everywhere, flights were cut and public events like football were canceled. And most importantly, no conversation is complete without mentioning the coronavirus.

Help RIA “Voronezh”

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced a new type of virus 2019-nCoV on December 31, 2019. It was first recorded in Wuhan, China, with a population of 11 million. Subsequently, cases of the disease began to be reported in other countries.

On March 11, the World Health Organization announced that the spread of the new coronavirus has become a pandemic. According to the maps of the distribution of coronavirus at the middle of the day on March 16, 2020, the total number of people infected in the world exceeded 173 thousand, 77.5 thousand recovered, more than 6.6 thousand died.China remains in first place among the countries of the world in terms of the number of cases ( 80,866 people), followed by Italy (24,747). In the United States, 3791 people fell ill, in the Netherlands – 1135, in France – 5423, in Germany – 5813.

69 people were infected in Russia, of which 34 were in Moscow. Four recovered, no deaths. According to the recommendations of Rospotrebnadzor for citizens arriving from abroad, medical supervision is established for 14 days. On the tenth day, a laboratory test for coronavirus infection is carried out. In the event of the appearance of symptoms that do not exclude its presence, people are hospitalized for examination and treatment.

In Voronezh, schoolchildren were sent on early holidays from March 16.VSU, a flagship university, medical and forestry universities will temporarily switch to online education.

There is a coronavirus hotline in the region. You can get advice on weekdays by calling 212 64 42: from Monday to Thursday – from 9:00 to 18:00, on Friday – until 16:45 (break – from 13:00 to 13:45).

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There is enough toilet paper for everyone: retail chains increase shipments from regional warehouses »tvtomsk.ru

Amid increased demand, retail chains are increasing shipments of goods from distribution centers. This was reported in the regional department of the consumer market.

“Now we record an increased demand in all stores for groceries, shelf-stable products, cereals, flour, sugar and toilet paper. There is no risk of a deficit. Trading networks are large corporations, each with huge warehouses in Novosibirsk and Kemerovo. And if today some product is not on the shelf, tomorrow or the day after tomorrow it will definitely appear there ”,

– Natalia Zabavnova, Head of the Consumer Market Department, emphasized.

To ensure a constant assortment of FMCG products, the chains are increasing shipments from distribution centers, as well as attracting additional sellers to arrange goods in sales areas.

Don’t panic! Retail chains assured that no shortage of goods due to coronavirus in Tomsk is expected

“In addition, Tomsk also has its own large food production facilities, which, if necessary, are ready to increase production. The situation is stable, residents do not need to buy for future use and do not need to succumb to marketing gimmicks.