What’s the difference between a zit and a pimple: “Zit” vs. “Pimple”: Are They Synonyms?
“Zit” vs. “Pimple”: Are They Synonyms?
We’ve all had them. Some of us when we were teens, some more recently as adults. Why do the bumps on our faces never seem to fully go away?
Well, we aren’t able to answer that question here at Thesaurus.com … but we can look into two of the words that describe those blemishes to see what we should be calling them.
Do you say zit or pimple … and do they mean the same thing?
What is a pimple?
A pimple is defined as “a small, usually inflammatory swelling or elevation of the skin; papule or pustule.” It’s as fun to read about as it is to see on your face.
Pimples are caused by acne, a skin condition in which the skin’s sebaceous glands become clogged and inflamed.
Pimples are most commonly found on the face, but they can appear on other areas of the skin, such as the neck and back. They are most common among teens and preteens due to changes in body chemistry during the period of development known as puberty, but adults can also get pimples.
What’s an example of a sentence using pimple, you ask? Try: My skin is naturally oily, so I have to buy a specific face wash to prevent pimples.
The first records of the word pimple come from around the late 1300s. It comes from the Old English pipilian, “to break out in pimples,” from the Latin papula, meaning “pimple.”
Clear out all your questions on pimples by reading more about the word here.
What are goose pimples?
Pimple is used in the phrase goose pimples, which is another way to say goose bumps, the bumps you get on your skin when you’re cold or scared. Goose pimples aren’t actually pimples—they’re what happens when your hair stands on end. In places where you don’t have hair, they just appear as bumps on your skin.
What is a zit?
In its basic definition, a zit is “a pimple; skin blemish. ” That pretty much tells us all we need to know, right? A zit is a pimple.
OK, but let’s dig a little further. Why does the word zit exist then and when should you use it?
Well, zit is a slang term for a pimple. The informal terms whitehead and blackhead are used to refer to specific kinds of zits. Technical terms for types of zits include pustule and papule.
So it’d be perfectly correct to say: My skin is naturally oily, so I have to buy a specific face wash to prevent zits.
The first records of the word zit come from the 1960s. Its origin is unknown—the word seems to have just popped up like a zit.
Everyone gets zits at some point, but some people get them more than others. Acne, which causes zits, sometimes goes away on its own, but sometimes it calls for additional treatment by a dermatologist—a doctor who specializes in skin conditions.
Zip over here to read more about the word zit.
One last review
If you wake up one morning to find a nice red bump on your cheek, you can call it a zit or a pimple. They are synonyms so they can be used interchangeably.
Zit is a more informal slang term and pimple is more formal … but we doubt you’re using either of these terms in your next work email so don’t worry too much about formalities when picking a term to use.
Phew, one less thing to stress about.
Pimple vs Zit – Difference and Comparison
Pimples and zits are two different forms of acne but some people use the two words interchangeably. While most common in teens, acne can also affect adults. Treatment varies depending upon the cause, which is often hormonal.
|Causes||Blocked skin pores||Clogged oil and melanin glands|
|Appearance||Raised pustule and sometimes red||Raised and pus-filled|
|Treatment||Spot treatment or time||Cortisol, spot treatment, time|
Pimples are caused by blocked skin pores. They are caused by hormonal changes undergone by teenagers that lead to over-secretion of melanin.
Zits are caused by clogged oil and melanin glands in the skin. They are commonly caused by stress and a build-up of toxins in the body. They can also be caused by fried or fatty foods, poor quality cosmetics and hormonal imbalance.
In the following video, Dr. Tess Mauricio talks about the root causes of acne and how it can be treated:
Zits on the upper lip
Close up of a person’s back showing pimples and scratches
Pimples usually fade in a few days, but can also be treated using drug store spot treatment like Benzoyl peroxide cream.
Zits can also be treated by drug store spot treatment or by waiting for them to fade naturally. Particularly severe zits can also be treated with cortisol or salicylic acid.
Pimples and zits cannot be completely prevented. However, they can be lessened by using soap-free face cleanser or astringent, oil-free moisturizer and yogurt face masks. Diet can also impact the appearance of pimples and zits, and foods that are rich in antioxidants, such as berries, can improve the situation.
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What’s the Difference? – Cosmedica Skincare
Zits. Pimples. Breakouts. Acne. None of these words spark any particular joy when brought up and discussed. We 100% support movements like acne positivity, and we also like sharing knowledge about concerns that affect skin. We want you to be armed with the knowledge to make the best skin care choices for your face and body.
Whether you’re looking to get rid of mild acne, treat hormonal breakouts, or embrace what you’ve currently got goin’ on, it’s important to understand a few things about acne and breakouts:
- What causes a pimple to form in the first place?
- What’s the difference between a pimple, a breakout, acne, and cystic acne?
- What can you do everyday to prevent future breakouts?
Once you can identify what the actual concern is, it makes it way easier to find an effective treatment.
How Pimples Form
There are three things that must be present for any blemish/pimple to form:
- Dead skin cells. These build up on the surface (keratin) layer of the skin. Some of these dead skin cells can block the pore, causing a plug, or clog.
- Excess oil. Hormones, diet, stress, and genetics can all cause your sebaceous gland to produce excess oil. This oil can cause dead skin cells to stick to the surface of the skin, creating a breeding ground for bacteria. If a pore is clogged with dead skin cells, this oil also becomes trapped below the surface of the skin.
- P. Acnes bacteria. When excess oil is on the surface of the skin, or trapped in a clogged pore, a specific type of bacteria (P. Acnes) grows. This causes the area to become inflamed and pus is created
When these three factors come together, they form a pimple, usually characterized by redness, inflamed skin, and a white, pus-filled cap covering the pore.
(And if you’re interested in seeing all sorts of pimples, blackheads, cysts, etc. getting taken care of, we’ll happily direct you to Dr. Pimple Popper; not for the squeamish!)
Pimples, Whiteheads, Blackheads, Acne, and Cysts; How to Spot the Difference
Let’s break down the different types of pimples and how to identify them:
- Pimple – a small pustule on the skin’s surface. Pimples develop when sebaceous glands, or oil glands, become clogged and infected, leading to swollen, red acne lesions filled with pus (as described in the above section). Pimples are also called zits, or spots (if you’re in the UK).
- Whitehead – a comedo covered by a layer of skin. Both whiteheads and blackheads are technically known as comedones, which form when skin cells and oil become trapped in a pore.
- Blackhead – a comedo that has been exposed to the air. The oxidation of oil and skin cells causes it to darken in color. Learn more about whiteheads vs. blackheads.
- Acne (Acne Vulgaris) – persistent and recurring pimples/blemishes that are prevalent on the face, neck, chest, and/or back. There can be different types of acne as well, and if acne is persistent or severe, it is recommended you visit a dermatologist.
- Cysts – painful, pus-filled lumps deep under the surface of the skin. DO NOT try and remove/pop cystic acne at home, always see a professional.
What’s Causing Your Acne?
Contrary to what your mother may have told you, pimples and acne are not affected by greasy foods. So be happy knowing your french fries aren’t breaking you out. Below is what can trigger acne:
1. Hormones – when hormone levels change, acne can be exacerbated. Teenagers, pregnant women, and women in various stages of life can expect increased sebum production due to hormonal changes, which can lead to inflammatory acne. Many women are very familiar with at least one red bump popping up every month, coinciding with their menstrual cycle. Many women have found effective treatment through oral contraceptives that help reduce the production of sebum, however, treating acne in female patients can have its challenges and must be tailored to each woman [1.]
2. Genetics – if your parents had acne, there is a higher likelihood you will experience acne.
3. Certain medications – Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.
4. Diet – yes, we mentioned greasy foods NOT causing acne, but certain studies have shown that milk and certain carbs and sugars do trigger acne. And chocolate? The jury is still out. Diets high in fiber, and foods that limit inflammation are recommended for acneic skin.
5. Stress – stress isn’t shown to CAUSE acne, but if a person is experiencing acne, stress can make it worse.
Everyday Tips to Prevent Breakouts
Before we get in to what skincare ingredients can help acne, here are some tips to prevent future breakouts:
1. Keep your screen clean: cell phones can carry a lot of bacteria. Avoid pressing them against your face (same goes for regular phones) and clean your phone regularly
2. Clean your makeup brushes: dust, oil, and debris build up on makeup brushes, causing people to reapply all that on their face over and over. Make it a habit to deep clean makeup brushes every 3-4 weeks.
3. Don’t pick! It’s hard, but don’t pop or pick current pimples. It causes acne scars and also spreads bacteria on the face, causing more breakouts.
Treating acne, blemishes, and acne scars
There are always a million hot new acne treatments on the market, from pore strips and pimple patches to chemical peels, but some active ingredients, like salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, have been found to be very effective in acne treatment. Consult a dermatologist on all treatment options, especially when it comes to severe acne. Based on your skin condition, your dermatologist might suggest prescription medication or topical treatment, like a topical retinoid, oral antibiotics, or topical antibiotics.
When it comes to acne scars, microneedling has been found to initiate wound healing and collagen production, improving the appearance of acne scars. Furthermore, microneedling helps topical treatments and serums to absorb efficiently [2.] We suggest a combination of microneedling and hyaluronic acid.
Learn more about ingredients to treat acne here.
At Cosmedica Skincare, we just want you to feel good in your skin. Hopefully this article helped educate you a bit more on pimples and acne.
And remember… don’t pick!
How to Tell the Difference
The word pimple can mean a lot of different things. When a lump or bump pops up on your skin, do you know how to tell what it is? Is it acne or something else? Knowing some basic information can help you decide if you can treat it on your own or whether you need to see a doctor. Here are some key differences between a boil vs pimple vs cyst.
Part of the challenge with skin blemishes is that they can all look quite similar. But there are some clues in their symptoms.
Acne is very common. In fact, it’s the most common skin condition in the United States, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. But acne isn’t just one type of blemish. Acne can include any of the following:
- Blackheads and whiteheads are clogged pores. If the pore remains open at the surface, it looks like a dark spot. This is a blackhead. If the pore closes, it will have a white appearance. This is a whitehead.
- Papules and pustules are bumps that form just under the skin. Papules are typically small, red, hard bumps that can be tender. Pustules are like papules, but they are pus-filled and form a yellow or white center. This is what most people refer to as a pimple or zit.
- Nodules and cysts are larger lumps that form deeper beneath the skin. Nodules are solid, painful lumps. Cysts are similar, but can fill with pus or semi-solid material. This type of acne can leave visible, permanent scars.
Acne most commonly affects the face. However, it can also appear on the neck, chest, shoulders, back, upper arms, and buttocks.
Boils are not nearly as common as acne, but they can look a lot like papules and pustules. They start as small, firm, red bumps that are tender, like papules. They eventually become pus-filled with a yellow or white center, like pustules. But boils affect the surrounding skin and can become very painful and grow quite large. The redness and swelling around boils can extend to a 2-inch diameter or even larger.
In general, boils tend to appear in areas that experience friction or sweat a lot. Boils can occur on some of the same body sites as acne, such as the face, neck or buttocks. But boils are also common in the armpit area and on the breasts, groin and thighs.
Boils and pimples have different causes. Understanding the causes of a boil or pimple can help you tell the difference.
Acne occurs when a skin pore becomes clogged with dead skin cells instead of pushing them out and shedding them. Pores produce oil—sebum—that normally keeps the skin healthy. In a clogged pore, the oil causes the dead skin cells to clump in the pore. Bacteria that normally live on the skin can also become trapped in the pore. The presence of bacteria triggers redness and swelling. But the inflammation is limited to the pimple, nodule or cyst.
Boils are bacterial infections of a hair follicle and the surrounding skin tissue. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of boils. Staph bacteria can live on the skin and not cause problems. When they enter a damaged hair follicle, an infection can develop. Even small skin tears or abrasions can allow this to happen. Once the infection takes hold, inflammation spreads out from the follicle to the tissue surrounding it.
Knowing if you are at risk for boils or acne offers another clue to which it could be.
Anyone can get acne, but it’s most common in teenagers and young adults. Hormonal changes during this time tend to trigger and worsen acne by increasing sebum production. Hormonal shifts during pregnancy can also make acne flare. In fact, newborns can even experience acne in response to maternal hormone levels. Similarly, women can get acne during menopause, as well.
Other acne risk factors include stress, family history, and using oily lotions or creams.
Like acne, anyone can get boils. But some people have a higher risk than others. Other skin conditions can make boils more likely because the skin’s protective barrier becomes compromised. Bacteria can penetrate the skin more easily when this happens.
Other risk factors for boils include having a weak immune system, having diabetes, or being elderly or obese.
You can usually treat pimples and small boils at home. But their treatment differs. If you are in doubt about whether you have a boil or pimple, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Treating acne at home involves reducing oil production and speeding skin cell turnover. The two main drugs for achieving this are benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. You can buy over-the-counter topical products containing these ingredients. You must use these medicines consistently to see results. And it can take several weeks of consistent use to make a difference. If your skin hasn’t improved after eight weeks, it’s time to see a dermatologist.
Prescription medicines for acne treatment include topical retinoids, antibiotics, and prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. Dermatologists may also prescribe oral medicines, including antibiotics and retinoids. For females, oral contraceptives can help clear acne by balancing hormone levels. In some cases, dermatologists may recommend procedures, such as laser therapy or chemical peels.
For small boils, at-home treatments involve helping the boil open and drain naturally. Never try to open the boil yourself by picking or popping it. This can spread the infection and make it worse. Instead, apply warm, moist compresses to the boil to encourage it to drain on its own. Do this several times a day for 10 to 15 minutes at a time. Once the boil opens, continue using warm compresses until it drains completely. Keep open boils covered with a sterile bandage. Be sure to wash your hands before and after treating or touching the boil. If the boil persists for more than two weeks, it’s time to see your doctor.
For large or persistent boils, doctors may need to surgically lance and drain them. Sometimes, boils require a course of oral antibiotics. If the boil is very deep, it may not be possible to drain it entirely. Instead, doctors may pack it with sterile gauze. If this is necessary, your doctor will give you care instructions.
What’s the Difference Between Acne and…
If you have acne, it’s important to know the type of acne you have so that you can get the proper treatment that targets your specific symptoms. Learn the differences between mild acne, moderate acne, and cystic acne: characteristics, causes, and treatments.
If you have acne, you have one or more of these skin blemishes: whiteheads, blackheads, pustules (pimples), papules (small, raised bump(s) on the skin without pus), cysts, or nodules. These skin blemishes usually appear on the face, neck, chest, upper back, and shoulders. When the blemishes disappear, they often leave discolored skin (brown spots) or scars on the skin. Regular acne consists of the smaller pimples, papules, whiteheads, and blackheads that appear and disappear fairly quickly — in a matter of weeks. Cystic acne involves deep, painful lumps under the skin, called nodules or sebaceous cysts. Sebaceous cysts are larger than the pimples and papules in mild acne and often last for months.
Your body has sebaceous (oil) glands that are attached to your hair follicles. The more hair follicles, the more sebaceous glands, such as on your face, shoulders, upper back, and shoulders, where most acne tends to occur. Changes in hormone levels can cause your body to produce more oil, increasing the likelihood of acne formation. Diet, stress, and genetic factors can also be factors in causing acne. The process by which mild and severe acne starts the same way. When a pore gets clogged by excess skin cells that your body is trying to shed, it mixes with the oil from the sebaceous glands and gets stuck. This creates whiteheads and blackheads, which usually heal on their own in a relatively short amount of time. Sometimes bacteria that live on your skin get inside the pore, creating an infection that makes the skin around the pore red and inflamed. If the whitehead or blackhead bursts inside of the follicle, it creates a sac of yellow or white pus surrounded by red and inflamed skin — these are pimples and papules. Like whiteheads and blackheads, pimples and pustules will eventually heal on their own with the body either absorbing the contents or sending them to the surface of the skin where they can drain. However, sometimes the whitehead or blackhead erupts deeper inside of the skin, causing large, tender, hard nodules or cysts under the skin that look like boils on the surface of the skin. Cysts are like nodules, but deeper under the skin.
Getting a treatment can provide you with relief and reduce acne scars. If you have mild acne (non-inflammatory acne) that consists of whiteheads and blackheads, you can start treating your acne with over the counter topical toners, creams, and cleansers. Most of these will contain salicylic acid, which exfoliates the skin, getting rid of the dead skin cells that can clog your pores. Salicylic acid is especially helpful in eliminating blackheads, which are pores that are clogged, but also open on the skin. A whitehead (a clogged and closed pore) is harder to treat and may need a retinoid, available in a milder form over the counter and in a stronger form through a prescription. If you have inflammatory acne (pimples and papules), you will probably need a product with benzoyl peroxide, which helps to kill the bacteria on your skin and reduce inflammation. Your dermatologist can prescribe this as an oral or topical medication.
If you have nodules or sebaceous cysts, you will need the care of a dermatologist. Your doctor will prescribe an oral antibiotic, such as tetracycline, to fight the infection under your skin. If you are a female with sebaceous cysts that aren’t responding to antibiotics, your doctor may prescribe an anti-androgen medication, which blocks the effects of the hormone androgen on your sebaceous glands. And additional acne treatment for women is birth control pills, which can help regulate the hormonal fluctuations that lead to acne. If your cystic acne isn’t going away with other treatments, your dermatologist may turn to Isotretinoin, a potent drug that has to be monitored carefully due to its possible, harmful side effects. Your doctor may also drain your cyst and inject medicine, such as a steroid into the cyst for quicker elimination of the infection and relief from the pain of the cyst or nodule. Some other acne treatments that you can receive at your dermatologist’s office are facials, laser treatments and photodynamic therapy, chemical peels and extraction of whiteheads and blackheads.
Call Vanguard Today!
Call Vanguard Dermatology in the greater New York City area to set up an appointment. You will meet with one of Vanguard’s experienced dermatologists to create a treatment plan that can provide the relief and healing you are seeking for your skin.
Here’s What’s Actually Inside Your Pimples
- Pimples are clogged with dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria that lives on the skin.
- More severe pimples are inflamed and filled with pus.
- Experts say popping pimples at home can make acne worse and cause infections.
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Pimple popping videos are disgusting. Period. And yet — for the millions of people who can’t stop watching them online — they’re also deeply satisfying. There’s just something cleansing about seeing so much gunk removed from the human body.
But even if you’re a seasoned popaholic, you might not know where all that pimple gunk comes from — or what’s it’s actually made of.
It turns out that what’s inside a pimple actually depends on what type of pimple you’re talking about. Here’s the full breakdown.
Blackheads and whiteheads
A smattering of blackheads.
Blackheads and whiteheads are both clogged with the same thing: Dead skin cells (which your skin is always shedding), Propionibacterium acnes (a bacteria that lives on your skin), and sebum (an oily substance secreted by tiny glands inside your pores).
A lot of people think blackheads are clogged with dirt, but that’s not true. The color difference between these two types of pimples actually has to do with oxygen, the National Institutes of Health explained.
In whiteheads, the clog stays below the surface of the skin and remains white. But in blackheads, the clog is open to the air. It turns brownish-black when it’s exposed to oxygen.
Both whiteheads and blackheads can stay in your skin for a long time if you don’t pop them. Lovers of popping videos know that sometimes they get really big.
Papules and pustules
This is what a pustule looks like.
Sometimes, a clogged pore gets so irritated that its walls break, and the body sends white blood cells — the fighters of your immune system — to start addressing the damage. This causes redness, pain, and inflammation.
That’s when you can end up with pimples called papules or pustules. Papules are closed red bumps that are hard and sometimes painful the touch. Pustules are what most people think of as a zit: Red and inflamed with a white head at the center. The stuff you squeeze out of them is pus, which contains dead white blood cells.
Cysts and nodules
Cystic acne is considered severe.
Cysts and nodules — the most severe type of acne — are essentially just bigger, angrier, more irritated versions of papules and pustules, the American Academy of Dermatology explained. Both are inflamed, painful, and lodged deep in the skin, but cysts contain pus.
Squeezing stuff out of your pimples on your own is usually a bad idea
Most authorities, including the AAD, say you should always let a dermatologist pop pimples for you. The DIY approach might make for awesome YouTube videos, but the bacteria on your hands can get into pimples and give you an infection. Plus, at-home popping without proper technique can make a pimple worse or leave you with permanent scarring.
Doctors can extract smaller pimples using tools like the comedone extractor (just like Dr. Pimple Popper!). More severe acne, like nodules and cysts, can be injected with medicine that makes swelling go down, or they can be cut open and drained.
But if you can’t make it to a dermatologist, the AAD recommends patience. Avoid popping or picking at your skin, use ice to quell pain and swelling, and try over-the-counter treatments to speed up healing. Here are 18 products that really work.
NOW WATCH: Men are lining up at this barbershop to get a peel-off mask
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Difference Between Acne And Pimples
We’ve all suffered from acne and pimples at one time or another, haven’t we? And many of us are still suffering from it.
It’s worse when they choose to make an appearance just before a big day, but stubborn repeated breakouts are equally bad. They are unappealing, affect your self-esteem and confidence, and it is high time we got the better of them.
Yet many people aren’t aware that there’s a difference between acne and pimples, and use the two terms interchangeably.
Let’s understand the difference between acne and pimples:
Acne is a disease of the skin occurring due to excessive oil clogging in the pores of the skin.
Types of Acne
Types of acne
Whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, and nodules are the most common types of acne. Cysts and nodules are the most painful type of acne, in which deeper layers of the skin also get affected.
Whiteheads and blackheads are less severe forms of acne. Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, appear as small, round and white bumps. On the other hand, blackheads get their color when the plugs clogging the pores are oxidized by air.
Acne can be of two kinds: Acne Vulgaris, seen in puberty, and Acne Rosacea, observed in adulthood. Both kinds can occur not only on the face, but also on the neck, chest, back, shoulders, and arms. The presentation may differ depending on severity.
Causes of Acne
Increased oils (sebum) produced by the sebaceous glands, skin cells (keratin), and hair follicles together form a plug. This leads to clogging of the skin pores, resulting in acne. These clogged pores provide favorable conditions for the growth of the bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes. When this happens, the skin’s outermost layer which usually sheds off gets trapped underneath the skin, infecting the plug.
The increase in sebum secretion may also occur due to a boost in the production of androgen hormone. Some of the prominent factors that may drive the increase in acne breakouts are:
- Genetic causes
- Hormonal imbalance like pregnancy, puberty, and menstrual cycle
- Bacterial infections
- Activation of inflammation through scratching
- Intake of anabolic steroids
- Exposure to harmful chemicals
- Medications like corticosteroids
- High humidity
- Oil based cosmetics like makeup, hair oil, moisturiser, shampoo, etc.
- Unhealthy diet that include greasy food, diary products, carbohydrates, and sugars
Acne has various stages. At different stages, different symptoms show up and intensify. Pimples are one of those acne symptoms, presenting as inflamed, pus-filled lesions, pink to slightly red in colour. They’re caused due to ruptures in clogged pores. This allows bacterial growth inside them, causing inflammation and resulting in the white fluid (oils) reaching the surface.
Types of pimples
Pimples can further be classified as papules and pustules. Papules are regular sized pimples and, hence, easier to treat. In contrast, pustules are pimples that have become swollen and engorged, and require prescription products for treatment.
Now that we’ve discussed the acne vs pimple difference, let’s move on to discussing their treatments.
Treatments for Pimples and Acne:
Pimples and acne treatment
Since the main culprit is an excess of oils, the main preventive measure is aimed at keeping our faces oil-free, and devoid of dirt and impurities. Other measures to prevent, reduce and treat acne and pimples are:
- Clean your face regularly: Whether you are prone to acne or not, keeping your face clean is the first step to maintaining healthy, glowing skin. It removes the excess oil, dead skin cells, and dirt, decreasing the possibility of acne. Wash your face twice a day, using warm water and a mild facial cleanser. Avoid scrubbing harshly, rinse well and gently, and pat your face dry with a clean, dry washcloth.
- Use Medication Grade products: Over-the-counter acne products containing benzoyl peroxide (2.5%), salicylic acid, glycolic acids, topical retinoids, etc. is usually effective in treating acne and pimples. Though available without a prescription, however, it is advised that you use them only under the supervision of your dermatologist, and as directed, to avoid potential side effects. Prescription medications include topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, combined oral contraceptives, anti-androgen agents, such as off-label use of spironolactone.
- Procedures: Procedures like chemical peel, intralesional medicines, light and laser treatments, cryotherapy, and more may be followed for treatment of acne and acne scars. Your dermatologist will discuss them in greater detail with you, if they are indicated.
- Moisturize: Many acne products may cause drying and peeling of skin. Daily use of a non-comedogenic moisturizer suitable for your skin type may be prescribed to avoid that.
- Use makeup sparingly: Avoid using greasy cosmetics and creams, and also avoid using makeup, especially during an acne or pimple breakout. Use non-comedogenic makeup, if you really want to. However, make sure you’ve removed it all before sleeping.
- ‘No hands’ policy: Your hands contain bacteria, too. So, it’s best to avoid touching your face or propping your cheek or chin with your hands. Never squeeze, pinch, or pop a pimple and acne, no matter how tempting it may seem. This could lead to infection and scarring.
- Watch your hair: Keep your hair pulled away from your face, and avoid using fragrances, oils or gels on your hair, especially overnight since it will irritate your skin on coming in contact with it.
- Stay away from the sun: The sun’s ultraviolet rays can be harmful to the skin, causing inflammation, redness, and hyperpigmentation. Use a sunscreen (SPF 30) daily with UVA +++, wear wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved clothes, scarves, and limit your time in the sun.
- Water: Water is the source of all life, and it’s also the source of healthy, glowing skin. Drink at least 2-4 liters of water every day to detoxify your body and skin.
- Watch your diet: Avoid junk food, dairy products, and foods processed in high sugar as they may trigger acne. Nourish your skin with fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. If you’re not able to do so adequately, you may take multivitamin supplements every morning.
- Exercise daily: Regular exercise is good for the body, mind, and skin. Shower immediately after exercising.
- Maintain your sleep cycle: Provide your body and skin with 6-8 hours of uninterrupted beauty sleep every night. Also always go to bed and wake up at the same time every night to ensure your cortisol levels are balanced.
- De-stress: Stress increases cortisol hormone levels, which can also increase the oil secretion. So make the necessary lifestyle changes needed to become more relaxed.
Now that you understand the difference between acne and pimples and also how they can be treated, you don’t need to suffer in silence. If your skin has been a cause of worry and has been hampering your confidence, seek treatment right away.
Book an appointment with a Clearskin expert!
90,000 Types of Acne and What They Mean
Problematic skin and acne are inseparable “friends”. Acne is submissive to all ages, if nature “rewarded” this type of epithelium. Unpleasant defects affect not only the face, but also open areas of the body – the back and décolleté.
Experts say that each type of acne requires specific treatment. So, drugs that are effective in combating bacterial acne will be powerless in the case of cystic acne.Before choosing a face care, and before starting therapy, it will not be superfluous to get information about what types of acne are, as well as about effective methods for eliminating each of them.
Why is it important to treat acne
At first glance, acne seems to be a purely skin condition. The classic development scenario is as follows: excessive synthesis of subcutaneous fat, the accumulation of dead cells – blockage of the sebaceous glands, inflammation of the hair follicle – a pimple.In fact, this is an external manifestation of internal problems.
Skin rashes serve as the body’s SOS signal. Acne and their localization is a kind of messenger through which information about malfunctions of organs is transmitted. Compiled a special map-guide “Types of acne and what they mean.” This is a kind of projection of the internal organs onto the facial areas:
- forehead – small intestine;
- eyelids and eye area – kidneys;
- temporal region – gallbladder;
- middle third of the face, cheekbones – stomach;
- chin – pelvic organs;
- nose – pancreas;
- lower third of the face, lower jaw – lungs.<
When blackheads are found on the face and body, several reasons are considered:
- Imbalance of sex hormones. An increase in the concentration of the male hormone (testosterone) leads to hypersecretion of the sebaceous glands, hyperproduction of sebum. To confirm, an analysis is made for sex hormones, a consultation with a gynecologist is carried out to exclude diseases of the pelvic organs.
- Liver disease. This “filter” of the body during the cleaning of blood from toxins can “clog”.A similar failure is reflected in the skin. It is possible to check your assumptions by donating blood for biochemistry.
- Digestive problems. Violation of intestinal motility and peristalsis, frequent constipation contribute to intoxication and the appearance of acne. There is a reason for visiting a gastroenterologist and taking an analysis for dysbiosis.
- Infections. Streptococci and staphylococci provoke acne. If pus is present along with serous fluid, a bacterial culture is done and antibacterial treatment is prescribed.
- Weak immunity. Often ARVI / ARI are accompanied by purulent eruptions.
- Allergy. A spontaneous rash may be due to an allergic reaction. So that it does not recur in the future, it is necessary to identify the factor causing hypersensitivity. For this, allergy tests are carried out.
Types of acne and methods of treatment
The word “pimple” is a collective term that people use to refer to the entire spectrum of dermatological imperfections.In medicine, the following types of acne on the face are distinguished:
This is what a future purulent pimple arises from. Hair follicles (pores) become clogged with sebum, dead cells, impurities and / or cosmetics. Further development of the process is possible according to two scenarios, respectively, which distinguish between two types.
Closed comedones (whiteheads / milia / milia) – resemble dense, white, bulging balls (1-2 mm in diameter), covered with a thin layer of epidermis.Because of them, the relief becomes bumpy. The contents of the pore are localized deeply and are blocked from the external environment. Therefore, the color of sebum remains yellowish-white, for which they are also called wen.
Typical for combination and oily skin types. There is no pain or itching from them. Inflammation occurs when tissue becomes infected. The result is scars, scars.
Treatment. Various types of peeling are suitable: mechanical, chemical, vacuum, ultrasonic.For care, you should choose sebum-regulating agents (masks, gels, creams).
Open comedones (blackheads) – unlike whiteheads, they are not covered with a layer of keratinized cells. The pores are open, and the sebaceous plug is exposed to air and oxidized by oxygen. Therefore, the fat darkens, becoming black.
Treatment. First of all, proper care taking into account the skin type, regular chemical peels and other exfoliating methods (clay masks, warming masks, gommage, scrubs, rolls and film masks).
Important! All skin care products and makeup must be marked “non-comedogenic”.
When an infection enters a comedone, two types of red acne are formed: papules and pustules.
This is the name of a full-fledged pimple in the form of a bump, tubercle or ball. These are monochromatic formations, the color of which ranges from red to cyanotic. During palpation, they turn pale, turn white due to compression of the vessels, and then acquire their original color.When pressed, severe pain is felt – a sign of inflammation. There is pus inside the papule, the adjacent skin is noticeably swollen. If they are formed in the upper layers of the skin, they dissolve without a trace. When deep, this type of acne leaves behind scars.
Treatment. It will not work and should not get rid of them on your own, since the purulent focus is located deep in the dermis. When squeezed out, the infection can spread to healthy areas, and edema may appear, even sepsis is possible.The dermatologist will select the combined methods: revision of the diet, rejection of certain types of cosmetics, the correct selection of skin care products. The dermatologist will select acne spot treatments and drying lotions. They must contain components such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and zinc.
Such a pimple occurs both by itself and from a papule. Unlike the latter, it resembles a strongly swollen ball, which at the base has a red inflamed border and a head with liquid or white / yellow pus in the center.This is the result of the multiplication of bacteria – streptococci, staphylococci – in the pores. When ripe, the pustules burst. The resulting wound makes the human body vulnerable to the penetration of new bacteria. They give their owner great discomfort, since they are painful even at rest. In addition, scars remain in memory of them.
Treatment. With a tendency of the epithelium to form pustules, it is worth choosing sebum-regulating creams and serums as care products.Pharmaceutical drying and anti-inflammatory drugs based on alcohol and salicylic acid are effective for treatment. Iodine also copes well with the task.
This is the name of a severe and painful form of acne. They look like several papules and pustules, connected by fistulous ducts deep in the dermis. The cause is hormonal changes, which are typical for adolescents, but also occur in adults. If extruded, they spread under the skin and cause widespread inflammation.After healing, keloid scars form.
Treatment. It starts with a consultation with a dermatologist and a hormone test. Sometimes the sites of inflammation are injected with cortisone to stop the inflammation. Cold compresses help to slow down the spread of infection. It is important to maintain cleanliness and timely exfoliate the stratum corneum using chemical peels. In advanced cases, creams and serums with vitamin A are used.
They are called “internal” or “subcutaneous”, ie.to. lie in the deep layers of the dermis. Not always red, they may not stand out in color. On palpation, a dense knot is found.
Treatment. Shown are antibiotic therapy and anti-inflammatory drugs, balsamic liniment according to Vishnevsky, zinc and ichthyol ointments.
The types and degrees of acne are interrelated. Here’s how this addiction manifests itself:
1st degree. The acne process occurs only in a certain area of the face (for example, cheek, forehead, chin, nose).A rash in the form of comedogenic acne, sometimes papular and pustular acne.
2nd degree. The affected area is larger than in the previous case. In addition, the body is affected. The types of acne are the same: comedones, papules and pustules.
3rd degree. The number of papules and pustules prevails over comedones. The inflammatory process is “in its prime”, redness and itching are observed. Traces of post-acne are noticeable.
4th degree. However, it is one of the most acute forms of acne.Cysts and nodes predominate, which are fraught with deep atrophic scars. As a result, the skin becomes mottled with pits.
Before starting acne treatment, it is worth understanding what types of acne are present on the face / body. An easy way to solve the problem is to use a foundation and concealer. But this is just a disguise. It is necessary to put an end to the disease in the bud, since every inflammation on the skin hides a malfunction in the body. Such a thing cannot be entrusted to one’s own hands, simply squeezing out inflamed pimples.It is more rational to seek help from a cosmetologist, dermatologist. Acne cosmetics should also be the next stage of treatment to consolidate the effect.
In the fight against acne, Monomolecule No. 3 is well suited for narrowing pores, reducing oil content and inflammation ResedaOdor
Applying a few drops of beauty product daily will help you achieve perfect skin texture. Monomolecule No. 3 consists of 100% active physiological concentrated substance.
The beneficial active effect on the skin eliminates:
- excess sebum;
- enlarged pores.
Improves exfoliation of dead cells. Does not clog the pores of the skin. Prevents the formation of comedones. This is a serum with peptides for the face with their 100% content.
As an alternative to 3 monomolecules, you can take a closer look at the ResedaOdor sebum-regulating booster.Specially formulated for skin with enlarged pores and prone to oiliness. Ideal facial treatment for oily and problem skin, acts as a serum for problem skin.
The sebum-regulating booster is based on two groups of active ingredients that ensure proper exfoliation of the stratum corneum. Biocanin A and propolis extract.
Biocanin A regulates the sebaceous glands. Helps to tighten pores and smooth skin texture by compressing collagen fibers.Accelerates regeneration. Thanks to this component, the complexion improves, the greasy shine goes away and the number of blackheads (comedones) decreases.
Propolis extract has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. Activates local skin immunity
Acne in adults [acne and inflammation in 20-35 years] – what is it, how to deal with rashes in women and men
Acne occurs due to increased activity of the sebaceous glands and often characterizes the skin of adolescents.But today the problem of the so-called adult acne is no less relevant.
25% of women from 20 to 50 years old complain of recurrent inflammation on the face. The reason is hormonal imbalance or an increase in the sensitivity of skin receptors to androgens.
The mechanism of acne development is the same at any age, but if in adolescents the process of acne formation is directly related to sex hormones, then in adults other factors become triggers.
- Stress. It has been found that the hormone cortisol, which is released during stress, increases the oiliness of the skin.
- Food. Some foods, in particular sugar, fast carbohydrates, whole milk, stimulate the production of sebum and provoke the formation of acne in those with oily skin after 20 years.
2 Features and signs of adult acne
Adult acne develops in the same way as adolescent acne.
- Enhanced sebum production.
- Hyperkeratosis (thickening of the stratum corneum), leading to blockage of the sebaceous glands.
- Propionibacterium acnes bacteria in the ducts of the sebaceous glands.
- Inflammatory process – acne.
However, later acne has its own characteristics that distinguish it from teenage pimples:
- is localized not in the T-zone, but on the chin and cheeks;
- is located more deeply;
- manifests itself in the form of more painful and vivid inflammations;
- dissolves worse;
- difficult to clean;
- often leaves behind scars.
Phenomena of post-acne are characteristic of adult skin with rashes, as with age, its ability to regenerate decreases.
Skin with late acne should not be cleansed as if you were 16 years old. Your skin will not like the high content of drying alcohols and corrosive acids. She needs more delicate formulas that can provide both purity and gentle exfoliation without irritation.
- Blemish & Age Cleansing Gel for skin with acne and age-related changes contains acids (capryl-salicylic 0.2%, glycolic 3.5%, salicylic 0.2%) in optimal concentration, therefore, thoroughly cleanses pores from impurities, reduces inflammation and evens out the relief.
- Blemish & Age Solution, a cleansing toner for acne and age-related skin with the necessary percentage of alcohol, removes dead cells and residues of impurities, preparing the skin for further care.
- Gel for washing, cleansing pores, Simply Clean based on amino acids and a complex of active ingredients: sulfonic acid (HEPES), aloe and chamomile extracts – designed for oily and combination skin.
- Equalizing Toner for all skin types does not contain alcohol and fragrances, suitable for everyone, in particular for oily skin with acne.Restores the pH of the skin after washing, includes extracts of witch hazel, thyme, cucumber, kiwi, aloe and chamomile, soothing and toning the skin.
Antioxidant serum for oily and normal skin Phloretin CF prevents aging and fights dark spots. Contains a proprietary antioxidant trio:
- L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 10% has an antioxidant effect, restores the skin after sun exposure and laser resurfacing;
- phloretin 2.0% rescues from oxidative stress and fights hyperpigmentation, has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects;
- ferulic acid 0.5% stabilizes vitamin C, increases its activity, enhances the protective functions of the skin.
Serum for the correction of acne and age-related changes Blemish & Age Defense evens out skin relief, reduces inflammation and sebum secretion. The composition contains a precisely calculated dose of acids for the improvement of adult oily skin.
- Dioeic (2%) reduces sebum production and destroys P. bacteria acne – the cause of acne formation, corrects inflammation.
- Capril Salicylic (0.3%) provides gradual exfoliation without aggression.
- Salicylic (1.5%) unclogs pores and reduces damage.
- Glycolic (3.5%) and lemon (0.5%) improve exfoliation.
Phyto Corrective Moisturizing Soothing Gel for Sensitive Skin contains hyaluronic acid and a complex of plant extracts. Thanks to this combination of active ingredients, it strengthens the skin’s defense mechanisms, accelerates regeneration, eliminates inflammation and redness, while maintaining an optimal level of moisture.
Daily Moisture, a lightweight mattifying moisturizer, supplies the skin with the nutrients it needs for wellness and comfort (proteins, amino acids and minerals) while tightening pores and mattifying.
Sunscreen fluid with 100% mineral filters and a universal tone Mineral Radiance UV Defense, SPF 50, suitable for skin with acne and after invasive procedures, effectively protects against UVA and UVB rays, can be used all year round.The composition includes toning mineral pigments that give the skin a natural tone.
Mask, deeply cleansing pores and smoothing skin texture, Clarifying Clay Masque – a combination of natural clay (kaolin plus bentonite) and plant extracts provides a double effect: cleansing and smoothing the skin without feeling dry and tight.
rules, prevention and review of effective remedies
Acne is a closed inflammation that develops under the surface of the skin.They might look like:
- Papules are painful red bumps.
- Pustules are red bumps with a white abscess at the top.
- Nodules are nodules that are hard to the touch and look like subcutaneous bumps.
- Cysts are clusters of nodules.
Where do they come from?
- It all starts with comedones – this is what they call a mixture of dead skin particles, impurities and makeup residues that clog the sebaceous ducts.
- Inside the comedone, ideal conditions are created for the development of propionbacteria (they provoke inflammation). This is, firstly, the lack of oxygen, and, secondly, the constant replenishment of sebum, which continues to stand out and accumulate under the sebaceous plug.
- As a result, bacteria multiply and provoke inflammation – and acne appears. They are often called “closed comedones” precisely because all processes occur under the surface of the skin.
In addition to acne, there are other types of inflammation, but all of them are somehow associated with blockage of the sebaceous ducts and / or increased sebum secretion.What is the difference?
One pimple is not acne yet. But if they spread all over the face and huddle together … So, we are talking not about a one-time inflammation, but about a serious disease that must be treated with the support of specialists – a dermatologist, gynecologist, endocrinologist, cosmetologist and gastroenterologist. If acne is started or treated incorrectly, scars and scars can remain on the skin – post-acne.
Blackheads are called “open comedones”.The mechanism of their occurrence is the same as that of acne, only the process does not occur under the skin, but on its surface. By the way, black dots are not at all due to a large amount of dirt: the reason is in the oxidative process, which occurs when the sebaceous plug and oxygen interact.
In fact, blackheads are blackheads that were not removed in time (we have already mentioned that a mixture of sebum and impurities is an ideal environment for the development of bacteria).If you notice acne on your face, do not peel under any circumstances! Exfoliation can spread bacteria all over your face and cause acne.
Contrary to stereotypes, acne (both small and large) is not only among adolescents. Nasty bumps can occur in women and men at any age, even infants! Why does the skin start to bloom all of a sudden?
- Hormonal failure. Hormones can go crazy, for example, during periods of pregnancy or menopause.
- Genetic predisposition. Most often, acne affects women with oily or combination skin types, which are known to be inherited.
- Incorrect power supply. “Dangerous Trinity” – flour, fatty, sweet. Try removing it from your diet and your face will be noticeably clearer!
- Incorrect care. The main stages of problem skin care include cleansing, deep cleansing (exfoliation), make-up removal, toning and moisturizing. None of them can be missed! At the same time, sebum-regulating and bactericidal components must be present in the composition of cosmetics: zinc, salicylic acid, eucalyptus or black elderberry extract, activated carbon, clay, etc.d.
- Digestive problems. An upset gastrointestinal tract can lead to an imbalance in the intestinal microflora and the accumulation of toxins that negatively affect the condition of the skin.
- Stress. At the most inopportune moment, a pimple jumped up in a conspicuous place? The law of meanness has nothing to do with it: just the stress hormone cortisol also affects the production of sebum.
- Bad habits. These are, first of all, smoking, alcohol, non-compliance with the drinking regime and sleepless nights.
- Lack of care or improper care.Due to the large number of sebaceous glands, men’s skin almost always suffers from oily content. Add to this the abundance of testosterone, which stimulates the production of sebum, and you will not have any questions about where men get acne.
- Shaving. If bacteria get into the wound after shaving, inflammation is not far off.
- Hormonal failure. During puberty in adolescents, global hormonal changes begin, the level of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone production increases.And they, in turn, provoke excess sebum secretion. Voila, here’s your pimples! Most often, inflammation in adolescence occurs in the T-zone: it is here that most of the sebaceous glands are located.
- Infant acne. The appearance of pimples on the face in babies is associated with imperfection of the excretory system and an excess of maternal hormones. There is no need to treat them: subject to hygiene standards, they will pass quickly enough on their own.
To remove acne from your face at home, it is important to remember and follow three important beauty rules.
RULE No. 1
Do not squeeze out red inflammations! First, let the pimple “ripen” and make a comprehensive plan to destroy the enemy.
RULE # 2
Take care of your skin:
- Cleansing. Look for gels and foams with sebum-regulating and bactericidal components. Make-up removers must be oil-free.
- Deep cleansing. Do not use scrubs during periods of flare-ups. If your skin is often inflamed, try acid creams that will exfoliate as gently as possible.
- Toning. The toner will help wash away dirt and makeup, unclog pores and prepare skin for the next step in your beauty routine.
- Humidification. If your face is dehydrated, the sebaceous glands begin to secrete even more sebum, so be sure to moisturize your skin. Must have in the composition – hyaluronic acid.
- Additional care. Pamper your skin with a mattifying mask, such as clay or activated charcoal, two to three times a week.
RULE No. 3
If acne has covered the entire face and crawled onto the shoulders and chest, be sure to contact a beautician!
What to do if you need to get rid of the hated acne as soon as possible? We reveal the most effective ways of leaving!
A week is enough time to have time to develop a program to combat acne together with a beautician!
Use at home care cosmetics for problem skin.It is less traumatic than, for example, pure salicylic acid. And don’t forget about hydration – this is the foundation!
Wash your face twice a day with a gel or foam and pat dry with paper towels. Tissue can carry bacteria.
Take hormone tests, as well as general and biochemical blood tests. Discuss them with your beautician.
To get rid of acne forever, be sure not only to have patience, but also to have a decent arsenal of cosmetics with sebum-regulating, exfoliating and anti-inflammatory components.Minimum program – gel or foam for washing, make-up remover, toner, scrub and face mask.
Cleansing Gel or Foam
For oily and problem skin – a gel, and for normal, dry and sensitive skin – a gentle foam. Both must be used twice a day: in the morning you wash off excess sebum from your face, and in the evening – dust and dirt that have accumulated in the pores.
Anti-acne cleansing gel
Gel regulates sebum production, tightens pores and removes oily sheen.Thanks to the salicylic acid and zinc in the composition, acne has no chance!
Healthy diet and optimal care for acne and acne during pol …
What is inflamed skin?
Bridget Rosler: We define it as non-inflammatory acne and pimples on oily skin; they are also called “acne prerequisites”. This skin condition means that the sebaceous (cutaneous) glands produce excess sebum. A healthy amount of sebum is important for maintaining the skin’s protective acid layer.Oily skin is not inflamed skin, but changes in hormone levels during puberty often lead to so-called keratinization disorders. This happens when excess sebum cannot reach the surface of the skin, the pores become blocked, causing free fatty acids to bind to bacteria and cause inflammation
What is the difference between acne and pimples?
BR: Comedones are skin impurities that resemble tiny bubbles.If blackheads are observed, then they are “open” and are called acne. They are mainly located in the large pores of the nose, along the middle of the forehead and on the chin, where the most sebum is usually produced. There are also white, “closed” comedones, which are called whiteheads . Since the sebum cannot escape, it can become inflamed and lead to acne. It is important to distinguish between non-inflamed acne and inflamed acne.
Where do acne and blackheads usually appear?
BR: Mainly on the face and décolleté.If the prerequisites for the appearance of acne are more pronounced, they can also appear on the upper arms, shoulders and back. This can be especially frustrating because all of these areas are usually visible to others.
Does Inflamed Skin Remain For Life?
BR: Very rare. Basically, this is common during puberty – up to 95 percent of all adolescents have some degree of inflamed skin. During this time, the body produces the female hormone estrogen, as well as an increased amount of male hormones called androgens, so young men come to us a little more often than girls.Androgens can cause the sebaceous glands to become overactive. Since puberty occurs earlier and earlier these days, it is not uncommon for children as young as 9 to have acne on their nose. Acne usually goes away on its own by about age 21.
That is, inflamed skin is not a disease?
BR: With hormonal changes, such as during puberty, inflamed skin is not a disease. A visit to the doctor is only necessary for severe blemishes and acne.It is also recommended to seek medical attention if inflammation turns into scarring during the healing process, or if there is no visible improvement despite proper skin care. In severe cases, a dermatologist may prescribe specific treatments.
What causes acne in adults?
In adults, hormones are again to blame for everything. For example, if a woman takes hormonal contraception and then stops taking it at age 30 because she wants a baby, she may develop pimples or acne.Hormonal changes also affect liver function, which is our largest metabolic organ.
What causes acne and blackheads?
BR: Smoking and stress stimulate the sebaceous glands. When teenagers are under pressure and have pimples on their foreheads, we call it “high school acne.” Stress is closely related to anxiety, and while our hands and feet often get cold, our head gets hot, which also contributes to inflammation.A monotonous diet and insufficient exercise slows down the metabolism, which can also lead to acne and acne. Our lifestyle contributes to the appearance of acne in general.
As a doctor, what foods do you recommend to avoid breakouts?
BR: Fatty foods such as fast food, chips and pizza should be eaten no more than once a week. To stimulate your metabolism, eat three servings of vegetables and two servings of fruit every day. During puberty, the body reacts very sensitively to fast food, because that’s when the digestive organs complete their development.Many adolescents also become more sensitive to cow’s milk. But since milk and dairy products aren’t always the cause of blemishes, it’s a good idea to skip dairy for a while and see if your skin gets better. If you have skin problems, your diet should contain as little sugar as possible, as high insulin levels can worsen skin inflammation.
People who follow a sugar-free, low-dairy diet see positive skin changes after just a couple of weeks.Eating foods high in bitter substances such as chicory also has a positive effect by supporting metabolism and stimulating liver function.
What is the best way to care for sore skin?
BR: I advise everyone who uses makeup to never sleep with it, but gently cleanse the skin in the morning and especially in the evening. Antibacterial ingredients can be helpful. Apply a light cream or lotion to your face both day and night.If you use foundation or powder for your face, it should not clog your pores (so as not to cause acne).
Acne on the face during pregnancy. What to do?
Pregnancy is a special period in a woman’s life, which brings not only joy, but also some problems. The restructuring of the body of the future mother, necessary for the growth and development of the fetus, is accompanied not only by the lability of the psychoemotional state, but also by changes in appearance.
Even against the background of a normal pregnancy, such minor troubles as acne may appear. They do not threaten the life of the woman and the embryo, but still cause some concern for the pregnant woman.
Acne is a dermatological problem that occurs as a result of inflammation of the hair follicles, as well as sweat, sebaceous glands. In most cases, they are located on the face, chest, shoulders. There are enough reasons for the appearance of acne, it can be.
- Overproduction of sebum (sebum), which closes the pore lumen with dead skin cells.Such an environment is well suited for the growth of bacteria, which is accompanied by inflammation and the appearance of acne.
- Insufficient amount of liquid drunk per day, which leads to an increase in intoxication.
- Nervous strain, stress factors.
- Failure of the immune system. During pregnancy, there is a decrease in immunity, which is accompanied by a violation of the barrier function of the skin.
- Errors in nutrition (starvation, excessive consumption of spicy foods, spices, sweets).
- The use of low-quality cosmetics. Attention should be paid to the composition of the cosmetic product. During pregnancy, it is recommended to opt for natural cosmetics with a minimum content of preservatives and fragrances.
- Frequent peeling, the use of scrubs, which removes the protective layer from the surface of the skin. Against this background, infectious pathogens are easier to gain a foothold on the skin and provoke acne.
- Hormonal changes associated with an increase in progesterone levels.The highest risk of acne occurs in the first semester, when hormone fluctuations are greatest.
- Intoxication. Usually, toxins are mostly eliminated by the organs of the urinary and digestive system. In case of an increase in the concentration of toxins in the blood (with constipation, renal failure), their enhanced excretion through the skin is possible. Against the background of a violation of hygiene rules, acne may appear on the skin.
- Hypovitaminosis and, as a consequence, decreased immunity, the barrier function of the skin.
- Genetic predisposition.
Acne, provoked by the above reasons, is relatively safe, which cannot be said about rashes, which are a symptom of diseases – rubella, chickenpox. If a woman, in addition to acne, is worried about hyperthermia, malaise, loss of appetite, itching of the skin, headache, aching joints, muscles, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Infectious diseases during pregnancy can lead to such serious complications as intrauterine fetal death, severe malformations, mental retardation, and physical retardation.
It is important to remember that pregnant women are prohibited from using ointments, creams, which include some antibacterial, hormonal components, benzene peroxide, salicylic acid.
To get rid of acne, you must follow certain guidelines.
- Regular washing of the face is required. This allows you to remove “dirt” from the surface of the skin, prevent the disturbance of flora and infectious inflammation.
- Meals should include fresh vegetables, fruits, cereals.Food restrictions apply to smoked products, fatty, spicy foods, sweets.
- It is forbidden to squeeze out acne, as additional tissue trauma leads to tissue infection, the spread of infection to healthy skin areas and an increase in inflammation.
- Sufficient drinking regime (approx. 1.5 liters). The volume of daily fluid is determined by the doctor, taking into account the risk of edema in the presence of toxicosis, concomitant diseases.
- Local treatment should include funds that are safe for the pregnant woman, the fetus – Skinuren cream (starting from the second trimester), Zinerit, Kvontan, Cytovit.
- Control over regular bowel cleansing. A properly formulated diet (with a sufficient content of fiber, fermented milk products), laxatives (in the presence of chronic constipation), as well as probiotics, which are necessary to support normal intestinal microflora, can help in this.
You can undergo a full examination, consult an obstetrician-gynecologist, dermatologist, endocrinologist and other narrow-profile specialists in the multidisciplinary clinic Health of the capital.Thanks to extensive work experience, high qualifications of doctors, it is possible in a short period of time to establish the cause of the development of skin pathology, to carry out effective treatment and prevent the further appearance of acne.
90,000 5 reasons to treat acne with professionals
Acne first appears in adolescence, but not everyone can “outgrow” them. Acne is increasingly being diagnosed in adults and the elderly, and it is impossible to get rid of it on your own.Imperfections, as acne is delicately called, provide psychological comfort and even indicate serious illnesses.
There is only one way out – to consult a dermatologist and / or cosmetologist for professional treatment of acne on the face, back, chest.
Causes of acne
Basically, acne is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Acne has several stages of development. Initially, small roughness or irregularities are formed on the skin – sebaceous plugs. The fat in them is oxidized over time, the plugs are transformed into comedones.
In the clogged sebaceous gland, pathogenic bacteria multiply intensively, as a result of which the pimple turns red, pus collects in it. After the opening of the abscess, sebum with the waste products of microbes comes out, but scars and scars may remain. Therefore, if you take care of your skin and appearance, the treatment of purulent acne is still inevitable.
Acne appears for a number of reasons:
- Specific skin structure: increased sebum production and tendency to suppuration;
- Failure in the hormonal system, fluctuations in the level of female sex hormones during the menstrual cycle;
- Unbalanced diet, lack of diet;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver;
- Frequent stress;
- Climatic features;
- Seasonality factor;
- Wrong or insufficient care of the face;
- The use of a large amount of decorative cosmetics (powder, foundation clogs the pores, which provokes the formation of blackheads).
Sometimes it is very difficult to recover on your own. The myths that sunbathing, frequent washing and squeezing out inflammation have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin does not correspond to reality. Only professional diagnostics and an integrated approach to eliminating the rash will restore a healthy and blooming appearance to the face.
The first step to recovery is examination by a dermatologist, gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, as well as laboratory tests. You may need a study of blood and urine, an analysis of sex hormones and feces – for dysbiosis.
Therapeutic measures include visits to a beautician to cleanse the face (you should not squeeze out abscesses on your own), the use of special cosmetics, diet and limited use of decorative cosmetics, drug therapy. If necessary, they resort to the treatment of acne in Belgorod using the methods of hardware cosmetology: phototherapy, cryotherapy, laser beams.
Reasons to contact the clinic “Your Doctor”
To get rid of acne on the face, make an appointment with the doctor of the clinic “Your Doctor”.Our work is distinguished by:
- Availability of a modern technological base for a complete examination of patients;
- years of practical experience;
- focus on results;
- application of the most gentle techniques;
- patient friendliness.
To register, use the form on the website or call us.
90,000 Face Map: What Does Acne Want to Say? – Beauty from within – Beauty and Health – Beauty EDIT
Face mapping enthusiasts claim that the forehead reflects the state of the nervous system and digestive organs.Forehead rashes are usually the result of stress, which means yoga or meditation can help you cope with them. In addition, to help your digestive system, remember to drink enough water and include grains, fruits and vegetables in your diet.
If you constantly have problems with the area of the skin between the eyebrows, it may be due to the condition of the kidneys, liver or digestive organs. Give up alcohol, fatty foods and smoking – bad habits that affect the state of these organs.Also, the reason may be in your individual intolerance to dairy products and wheat products.
Adepts of traditional medicine believe that the nose is connected with the entire respiratory system, mainly with the lungs, as well as with the heart. If you are plagued by a rash on your nose, it makes sense to check your blood pressure and switch to foods with a lower glycemic index. It may also be worth considering eliminating meat, coffee, alcohol and spicy foods from the diet.
In Chinese medicine, the difference between the right and left sides of the body is very important.If you notice a rash on your right cheek, your lungs may need special attention. Regular cardio training, breathing exercises and smoking cessation will help you. The right one also serves as a blood sugar indicator, so don’t lean on cookies.
The left cheek is associated with the liver, so if something is wrong with it, give up alcohol and fatty foods – a healthy lifestyle and a proper diet will help correct the situation.
AREA AROUND THE WINGS OF THE NOSE
Skin problems in this area are often associated with the condition of the small intestine.Avoid drinks that are too cold and keep a food diary to pinpoint exactly what caused the rash.
Skin around the chin can be affected by problems with the spleen, digestive system or kidneys. A healthy diet and an active lifestyle will help solve them. In addition, pimples on the chin may indicate a hormonal imbalance, so they often appear before menstruation – in this case, you should seek advice from a dermatologist.
LOWER JAW LINE
Rashes along the jaw line can indicate problems with the large intestine and, in particular, with the rectum, so try to include in your diet more fiber-rich foods and drink plenty of water.