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When does a child start teething: Teething in Babies: Symptoms and Remedies


How your baby’s teeth develop

Babies are usually born with 20 baby teeth (also known as primary teeth). They start to come through the gums at about 6 months and all the teeth have usually appeared by the time the baby is 2 to 3 years old. This process is called teething. The teeth will fall out at various times during childhood.

About baby teeth

Babies are born with the following teeth:

  • 4 second molars
  • 4 first molars
  • 4 canine teeth
  • 4 lateral incisors
  • 4 central incisors

There is one set on each side of the upper jaw, and one on each side of the lower jaw.

The teeth in the centre of the bottom jaw often come through first, sometime between 4 months and 10 months.

Each child is different so don’t worry if your baby’s teeth appear earlier or later. Talk to your dentist if you are worried.

Diagram showing the 5 sets of temporary teeth.

Your child’s jaw will continue to grow and permanent teeth will start to replace the baby teeth when the child is around age 6.

The outer covering of baby teeth is made of thinner enamel than the enamel of permanent teeth and this makes the baby teeth look whiter. It also means they are more likely to get tooth decay.

Baby teeth also have shorter and different shaped roots from permanent teeth, making it easier for the roots to dissolve later and to allow space for permanent teeth to grow underneath them.

Babies can be quite uncomfortable when they are teething. Try chilled (not frozen) teething rings, wash cloths or dummies to ease the pain.

Baby teeth are important

Baby teeth help your child to chew food easily and to pronounce words properly. They are also needed to hold a place in the jaw for the permanent teeth to come through later.

It is important to keep baby teeth clean. This will protect against infection, cavities and pain. Decayed baby teeth can damage the permanent teeth underneath.

How to care for baby teeth

Baby teeth can start to decay as soon as they appear in the mouth. Frequent exposure to sugary liquids can destroy the teeth.

You should wipe your baby’s gums with a wet facecloth or a clean gauze pad after each feed. You can brush your baby’s first tooth as soon as it appears with a soft toothbrush and a little water.

Older children should be supervised while they are cleaning their teeth. Children over 18 months can use a pea-sized amount of children’s low-fluoride toothpaste and if possible should be taught not to swallow it. They should rinse with water after brushing.

To reduce the risk of tooth decay:

  • Never allow your baby to fall asleep with a bottle containing milk, formula, fruit juice or sweetened liquid.
  • Don’t dip a dummy in sugar or honey.
  • Clean the dummy before you give it to your baby.
  • Visit your dentist by about 12 months.

If you are worried about your baby’s tooth development, call Pregnancy, Birth and Baby on 1800 882 436 to talk to a maternal child health nurse.

When Do Babies Start Teething? Signs & Remedies

Snap as many pictures of baby’s adorable gummy grin while you still can. Those little teeth will crop up in the blink of an eye—and you’ll sure know when it happens. Teething can be pretty uncomfortable for babies, and they’ll express it the only way they know how—by fussing and crying and not sleeping.

If baby is showing signs of fussiness, you may start wondering if the time for teething has arrived. So when do babies start teething? The truth is, every baby is unique. Still, there’s a general time frame—plus a few important things that all parents should know to make the process easier.

When Do Babies Start Teething?

Babies usually start getting their primary teeth between 3 and 6 months old, says Mark S. Wolff, DDS, PhD, a professor of cariology and comprehensive care at the New York University College of Dentistry in New York City. But it’s quite possible that it could happen later too. In fact, some babies may not get their first teeth until as late as a year old, says Whitney Schutzbank, MD, MPH, a pediatrician at the MassGeneral Hospital for Children in Boston.

Genetics play a significant role in determining teething age, says Jeffrey Bourne, MD, a pediatrician at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California. “It tends to run in families,” he says. “Some families have teeth that come in early, some not until later.”

What is late teething?

Babies are considered late teethers when they reach their first birthday and still have no teeth, Schutzbank says. If your little one is 12 months old and you’ve yet to see any signs of teething, give your pediatrician a call. They can assess the situation during your child’s well visit and may suggest a mouth X-ray if there’s any concern.

Related Video

What a Baby Teething Chart Can Tell You

When do babies start teething? It’s hard to know exactly, but the order in which baby’s 20 teeth will come in (or “erupt,” in dental lingo) is pretty predictable. As you see from the chart below, the first teeth to break through baby’s soft gums are the middle teeth (central incisors)—you’ll notice the two bottom ones first, followed closely by the two top ones. The next to crop up are the adjacent teeth, and the process continues to work its way toward the back of the mouth, with the molars surfacing last. Baby’s gums are ingeniously rigged so both the upper and lower teeth come in right and left pairs. “The order supports tooth and jaw growth and helps provide for straight teeth,” Wolff says.

Want to keep track of baby’s progress? Print out our handy teething chart.

How to Tell If Baby Is Teething

During the teething process, the tooth pushes up through the bone and then the gumline. It’s no wonder it hurts! So the answer to “when do babies start teething?” for your child is most likely when you start spotting a combination of the telltale signs of teething. When babies start teething, they may have the following symptoms:

  • crying
  • drooling
  • low-grade fever under 101 degrees F
  • trouble sleeping
  • swollen gums
  • loss of appetite

For more details, check out our post on teething symptoms and remedies.

How Long Does Teething Last?

There’s no clear-cut answer to this question, just as there isn’t one for the question “when do babies start teething?” But in general, babies will grow new teeth every four to six months, and they’ll usually have their complete set of baby teeth by around 24 months, Wolff says.

How long does teething pain last?

Good news! Not 24 straight months, even though it takes that long for all the teeth to come in. That’s because the pain flares up only when the teeth are actually breaking through the gums, and it subsides between episodes. So the severe symptoms usually last just a few days, Schutzbank says. What’s more, children tend to get used to the process over time, according to Bourne. While the symptoms are obvious with the first tooth or two, they become milder as baby’s mouth fills in.

How to Soothe Baby Teething Pain

Teething can be uncomfortable for baby, so you’ll want to have some tricks up your sleeve for helping to ease that discomfort as much as you can. If baby seems to be experiencing signs of teething, try some of the easy, reliable at-home remedies below.

Gum massage: Often, babies find the most relief from gentle pressure on their sore gums, which is why you’ll find them gnawing on anything they can get in their mouths. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), a safe way to provide light pressure on the gums is to give baby a gum massage. With clean hands, use your finger or knuckle to rub the sore spots in baby’s mouth. Repeat as often as necessary.

Teethers: Babies old enough to navigate a teether in their hands and mouths may enjoy using a teether to put pressure on their gums themselves. Offer a teething ring, pacifier or clean, wet washcloth for baby to chew on. “I like these remedies as they have no side effects and are quite effective,” Schutzbank says.

Cold: Cold can help ease discomfort too, but don’t give baby ice or teething rings that have been frozen solid; according to the AAP, it’s too hard on baby’s gums. Instead, try putting a teething toy or clean, wet washcloth in the fridge before giving it to baby.

Something to suck on: “Some children like the feeling of sucking when teething,” Schutzbank says. You can try offering a pacifier, baby bottle or a breastfeeding session when infant teething pain is making baby cranky.

Pain medication: If you’ve already tried the previous soothing methods and baby still seems extremely uncomfortable, you can try over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) as a last resort, Schutzbank says. Ibuprofen is another choice, but should only be given to babies over 6 months.

What not to use for infant teething pain

Well-meaning friends and loved ones may have a variety of suggestions for how to soothe infant teething pain—but some of them may not in fact be safe for baby. Do not use any of the following for teething pain:

Aspirin: This medication should never be given to babies or children as it can cause Reye’s Syndrome.

Teething gel: Teething gel is not FDA-approved for infant teething, since it offers little to no benefit but can come with serious risks. “I avoid numbing gels as they can numb baby’s throat and lead to choking or aspiration of liquids into the lungs,” Schutzbank says. Plus, numbing gels can contain benzocaine, which can lead to a serious and sometimes fatal condition called methemoglobinemia, in which not enough oxygen is delivered to baby’s cells.

Homeopathic teething tablets: These teething tablets are also not FDA-approved and often contain potentially dangerous ingredients, Schutzbank says.

Teething jewelry: Amber teething necklaces and other jewelry can pose a choking or strangulation hazard to baby, which is why the FDA and APP strongly advise against using them.

When to Call the Doctor About Infant Teething

They may not be super pleasant for baby, but signs of teething are usually nothing to be concerned about. However, there are some situations in which you might want to call your pediatrician for infant teething. Call the doctor if:

  • Baby’s temperature rises above 100℉
  • Baby’s low-grade fever lasts longer than two days
  • Baby has diarrhea
  • Baby won’t eat or drink

The general rule of thumb is that if baby seems unusually uncomfortable, is acting sick or has signs of teething that can’t be soothed, it’s a good idea to call the pediatrician. Your little one may have an illness or infection that needs to be treated. If you think baby needs to be seen, trust yourself and call the doctor.

Mark S. Wolff, DDS, PhD, is a professor of cariology and comprehensive care at the New York University College of Dentistry in New York City. He received his doctor of dental surgery degree and PhD in oral biology and pathology from Stony Brook University. Before joining the NYU College of Dentistry in 2005, he served as associate dean at Stony Brook University School of Dental Medicine.

Whitney Schutzbank, MD, MPH, is a pediatrician at the MassGeneral Hospital for Children in Boston. Her clinical interests lie in newborn medicine and nutrition. She earned both her medical degree and master’s of public health degree from Tulane University School of Medicine.

Jeffrey Bourne, MD, FAAP, is a pediatrician at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California, and has been practicing for more than 20 years. He earned his medical degree from the University of Washington and is a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Please note: The Bump and the materials and information it contains are not intended to, and do not constitute, medical or other health advice or diagnosis and should not be used as such. You should always consult with a qualified physician or health professional about your specific circumstances.

Plus, more from The Bump:

Teething Symptoms and Remedies: What You Need to Know

Safe Teething Necklaces Parents Can Wear to Soothe Baby’s Gums

The Truth About the Safety of Amber Teething Necklaces

Baby teething and gums.

– HSE.ie

Teeth don’t usually appear until your baby is 6 months or later. They may show signs of teething from about 13 weeks.

Your child should have most of their 20 baby teeth by the time they are 2 and a half years old.

Signs your baby is teething

If your baby is teething they might:

  • have red, flushed cheeks
  • dribble – you should wipe this away from the skin folds on their neck because this can cause soreness
  • chew on their fists or on their toys more than usual
  • have sore and tender gums and cry more
  • have a nappy rash

Contact your public health nurse or GP if your child has a raised temperature, diarrhoea or generally seems unwell. This is not caused by teething

Helping your teething baby

It’s upsetting to see your baby in discomfort from teething. Comforting and playing with them will help distract them.

Here are some other ways you can help:

  • try giving your baby something to chew on such as a cool teething ring
  • massage your child’s sore gums with a sugar-free teething gel
  • use mild sugar-free pain relief if your child wakes at night and is irritable
  • give cold water to drink – this helps to keep babies hydrated and may also soothe their gums
  • give healthy foods to chew on, such as pieces of carrot or apple, or breadsticks – only do this if they’re 6 months or older and
  • stay close to your baby when they are eating in case they choke

Teething rings

Chewing on a teething ring can help soothe a baby’s gums as well as distract them from the pain.

Use teething rings that are big enough so your child will not choke on them. Keep a spare clean teething ring in the fridge.

Never tie a teething ring around a baby’s neck – this could strangle them.

Always check the product instructions on how long to cool the ring for. Never put the ring in the freezer as the temperature could damage your baby’s gums.

You can also use a cold wet facecloth for a baby to chew on.

Teething gels and pain relief

Sugar-free teething gels are available over the counter from the pharmacy – they contain a mild local anaesthetic which helps numb any pain. These are for babies older than 4 months.

If your baby is still in discomfort after using teething gels, consider giving them sugar-free paracetamol or ibuprofen medication for babies. Don’t use Ibuprofen medication if your baby is under the age of 3 months.

Contact your GP or pharmacist for information on the safe use of gels and pain relief.

Always follow the instructions on the leaflet and the packaging. Make sure you use the right amount and only as recommended. If you are unsure, ask your GP or pharmacist.

Never use products on your baby that are meant for adults or for older children. These products are not suitable for relieving the symptoms of teething in babies.

Amber teething jewellery

The HSE recommends you never use amber teething jewellery for your baby. These can be necklaces, anklets, or bracelets.

Amber teething jewellery can choke your baby.

Never put jewellery, cords or string around your baby’s neck

Homeopathic teething products

There are some unlicensed homeopathic products sold online. These are not safe to use in young infants and babies.

Research into these products shows that they may cause serious side effects. These include difficulty breathing, seizures, agitation, excessive sleepiness, constipation and difficulty urinating.

This warning does not apply to Nelson’s homeopathic teething products sold in Ireland with the brand name of ‘Teetha’.

Nappy rash and teething

Babies who are teething may get nappy rash and sore bottoms. Check your baby’s bottom and change their nappies often.

Using a barrier nappy cream may help. Leaving the baby’s nappy off for a period of time, although messy, is soothing for babies.

Related topic

Nappy rash

Teething and crying

Anything that causes your baby to cry more is difficult for you too. If you’re tired and stressed, try asking for help from friends or family.

Related topic

Why is my baby crying

When to get medical advice

Contact your GP urgently if your baby has any of the following:

  • A temperature of more than 38 degrees.
  • They are lethargic and drowsy.

These symptoms are not caused by teething.

Teething may cause a mild rash on a baby’s chin or neck, but it does not cause a widespread rash.

Babies who are not drinking and not having plenty of wet nappies per day might be dehydrated.

Contact your GP for advice if you’re worried about any symptoms in your baby

You can get more advice on caring for your baby’s teeth from your dentist or public health nurse.

Related topic

High temperature in children (when to get medical advice)

page last reviewed: 16/09/2018
next review due: 16/09/2021

Five Stages of Teething – The Kids Dentist

Why Baby Teeth Are Important For A Child’s Dental Development

Baby teeth, also known as primary teeth, serve an important purpose in your child’s dental health, which is why baby teeth are important. Many people mistakenly view these temporary teeth as unimportant, but the fact is, baby teeth need to be cared for just like permanent (adult) teeth do.

Healthy primary teeth aid in a child’s overall development by:

  • Promoting proper chewing and eating: The chewing process breaks food down making it easier for your child to digest. Cavities, loose teeth, and sore gums can cause dental pain which may keep your child from chewing properly or from eating certain foods. This food avoidance can keep your child from eating a healthy, well-balanced diet.
  • Helping with speech development: Well-spaced, healthy teeth contribute greatly to word formation and the ability to speak clearly.
  • Holding adequate space for the permanent teeth: Losing a baby tooth too early can allow the teeth on either side of the space to shift and cause problems for the incoming permanent tooth. Without enough room for the permanent tooth to erupt, tooth position can be negatively affected which can result in overcrowding and misalignment and enhance the risk of dental disease.
  • Strengthening the jawbone and muscles: When your child chews properly, the jaw muscles are exercised and developed which in turn helps jawbone formation.
  • Raising self-esteem: A healthy, beautiful smile, even at a young age, can boost a child’s confidence.

Starting a regiment of good oral hygiene at an early age will keep your child’s baby teeth healthy while establishing dental habits that will last a lifetime.

Losing a Baby Tooth Prematurely

Baby teeth hold the space needed for proper development of permanent teeth. In most circumstances, a baby tooth naturally becomes loose and falls out a few weeks before the permanent tooth begins to emerge. Sometimes, however, circumstances occur which result in the premature loss of a baby tooth, such as:

  • Early childhood caries (cavities): Your pediatric dentist may recommend extraction of a baby tooth due to decay.
  • Avulsion: A tooth may accidentally be knocked out of the mouth completely by a fall or sports-related injury.

If a baby tooth does come out too early, your dentist may recommend the insertion of a space maintainer to preserve the space until the adult tooth is ready to come in. A space maintainer is a custom-made dental appliance, similar to an orthodontic retainer, which fills the hole left by the lost baby tooth and prevents the other teeth from crowding or shifting into the space.

Space maintainers may be made of metal or acrylic and can be removable or fixed in the child’s mouth. A removable space maintainer fills the space with an artificial tooth or plastic block.

Types of fixed space maintainers include:

  • Crown and loop: Space maintainer that uses a crown which is placed on a neighboring tooth and attached to a metal loop that holds the space intact.
  • Unilateral: Space maintainer similar to the crown and loop, but attaches the metal loop to an existing tooth.
  • Lingual: Space maintainer which utilizes a band wrapped around a tooth then connected to a wire that runs along the inside of the bottom teeth.
  • Distal shoe: Space maintainer inserted under the gums because no molars have erupted to hold the crown and loop or unilateral space maintainer.
  • A space maintainer may not always be necessary for the premature loss of a baby tooth, but consulting your pediatric dentist is important to ensure that your child receives the appropriate dental treatment.

How to Keep Baby Teeth Healthy

A child’s first teeth will usually begin to erupt between 6-12 months of age, with all 20 baby teeth typically arriving by age 3. Keeping your child’s baby teeth health is the first step in creating a lifetime of good oral health.

Tips for maintaining healthy baby teeth include:

  • Use a clean, damp cloth to clean your child’s gums, even before teething begins. This will clean away bacteria and establish early dental hygiene.
  • As soon as your child’s teeth begin to erupt, start a routine of brushing twice a day. Use an infant toothbrush and a grain sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. Monitor your child’s brushing until he/she can brush thoroughly and not swallow toothpaste. Be sure to consult your dentist if you have questions on early teeth brushing.
  • Visit your dentist regularly. The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends that children have their first dental exam by age 1. Your dentist will not only examine your child’s teeth, but will advise you on pertinent dental topics and answer any questions you may have.
  • Feed your child a well-balanced, healthy diet. Limiting snacking and sugary foods, along with eating nutritional foods will positively impact your child’s long-term dental health.

Schedule of Baby Teeth Eruption

Prior to the first tooth coming into the mouth, the gums will benefit from cleaning them with a damp cloth or a piece of gauze after feedings.   This will help clean your child’s mouth of any remaining food or milk as well as begin the process for building good daily oral care habits.  But once the first tooth erupts, it is time to switch to a baby tooth brush.  The bristles are needed to help clean the any film or plaque off of the teeth.  Please feel free to call The Kids Dentist with any questions and our pediatric dentist will be happy to answer any of your questions at any time.

Teething is when the first baby teeth (primary teeth, baby teeth, deciduous teeth, or milk teeth) appear by erupting through the gums into the mouth. They are usually the two bottom front teeth, followed by the 2 upper front teeth and the remainder of your baby’s teeth will appear over several years.

Your child should have all 20 teeth at around 2.5 years of age. Their permanent teeth will begin to erupt between the ages of 5 and 6 years.

  • Stage 1: (0-6 months) Babies are born with a full set of twenty teeth beneath the gums
  • Stage 2: (6 months) The first teeth to erupt are the upper and lower front teeth, the incisors
  • Stage 3: (10-14 months) Primary Molars erupt
  • Stage 4: (16-22 months) Canine teeth (between incisors and molars on top and bottom) will erupt
  • Stage 5: (25-33 months) Large molars erupt

Schedule of Baby Teeth Eruption – Chart Download

Teething and Double Teeth

Growing up is hard. One of the big challenges infants face is coping with their baby teeth erupting. Parents know how frustrating this can be for a child and family to handle. In addition to infant fussiness, drooling is common around this time. Conventional wisdom says that babies may develop fevers or diarrhea while teething. Scientific studies have not proven that these issues are actually caused by teething, but rather more likely an unrelated viral infection happening around the same time of teething. All baby teeth are usually in the mouth by age 3. Girls tend to get their baby teeth slightly sooner than boys and teeth on the lower jaw tend to come in before similar teeth on the upper jaw.

Do not apply medical anesthetic gels to the gums of a teething infant – there are ingredients in these gels that can be toxic for some babies. Instead, soothe with other means such as a cold plastic ring to chew on or simply rocking the child. These are safer ways to provide teething relief for infants.

Between ages five and seven, most kids will experience their first loose tooth. Usually this is a lower front tooth (“central incisor”). Baby teeth get loose because their roots get shorter as they are actively pushed on by the grown up teeth coming up that will soon replace them. When a loose baby tooth is finally pulled out, it’s common to see a little bit of bleeding from the gums and notice a rough or jagged edge to the bottom of the lost tooth. If it comforts your child, apply a little pressure to the socket with sterile cotton gauze. Resume normal oral hygiene practices as soon as possible by brushing every area of the mouth except that fresh socket for a day or two. It’s important to keep the rest of the mouth clean as the gums heal.

Just like getting new baby teeth, erupting the first permanent tooth is an exciting transition as a child grows. It’s common for the permanent incisor to come in right behind the baby tooth before that baby tooth actually falls out. Many call this strange appearance “double teeth”. It’s important for families to know that double teeth are not an emergency or a serious problem! Typically, the loose baby tooth will fall out naturally with time. If the new grown up teeth seem crooked, it’s possible that pressure from the tongue will eventually push those teeth straighter over time.

Back to Dental Topics

How to Help Babies Through Teething


The very word can strike fear into the heart of even the most confident parent.

When parents hear the word “teething,” they immediately picture a fussy, clingy baby who can’t be comforted.

Teething can be an exciting time because the development of teeth marks a new phase of discovery for your child. They can try new foods and flash an even more beautiful smile than before. And, it’s a sign that they’re continuing to grow into a little person with a unique and special identity all their own.

It’s true that baby teething can lead to some tears and discomfort for your little one — and a few sleepless nights too — but if you understand the process of teething and how to help your child through it, then teething doesn’t have to provide unnecessary stress for you or your little one.

How the Process of Teething Works

If you’re a first-time parent — or it’s been a while since you’ve done the teething thing — you’re likely wondering, “When do babies start teething?”

On average, most children begin teething around six months of age. However, each child is different. Some children have been known to start cutting teeth as early as four or five months. Others don’t get their first tooth until much later. While there’s no foolproof way to predict when your baby will cut their first tooth, many children tend to follow the patterns of their parents. If you aren’t sure when you or your spouse cut your first tooth, this might be a good time to take a trip down memory lane and ask the grandparents to fill you in.

Typically, the first tooth to appear will be one of the bottom incisors, otherwise known as the front teeth. Then, their top counterparts appear. Some children will receive their teeth in rapid succession. Others will experience a few days of excruciating pain over each one.

While the appearance of teeth is exciting, it’s important to remember that their molars — which are important for chewing — are the last to appear. Babies’ molars usually won’t appear until sometime between their first and third birthday. So hold off on those big pieces of steak for a while longer!

While most children do begin teething around six months, this is just an average number. Truthfully, there’s no “normal” age for cutting teeth, and pediatricians and dentists often aren’t concerned about a lack of teeth until your baby reaches 18 months. If you’re worried about it, you can check with your baby’s pediatrician for reassurance, but remember that each child is different. And those teeth will make an appearance eventually!

Signs and Symptoms of Teething

A lot of people believe that their child is teething as soon as they start chewing on things — typically between two and three months. But this isn’t actually a sign of teething. Babies explore the world by chewing and putting things into their mouths, so this is more likely to be a sign that they’re becoming more alert.

Before we get into what teething looks like, let’s address a few common myths about the signs and symptoms of teething. First of all, teething does not cause your child to run a fever. If your child’s temperature registers over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, they are fighting a virus or infection. Next, although they may seem to appear at the same time, teething does not cause congestion or diarrhea.

Why do many parents think they’re related?

Most children begin teething around six months, which is also when the immunity they received during their time in their mother’s womb begins to wear off. They’re more susceptible to viruses, and this simply coincides with the age when they’re teething too.

So how will you know when your child is teething?

1. Swollen Gums

Some children will have some redness or slight swelling around the area of their gums where the tooth is beginning to push its way through. You may even be able to feel a small lump under the gum’s surface.

2. Drooling

Another sign that a new tooth is on its way can be drooling. Most babies begin to drool more around the same time they begin to chew and put stuff into their mouths, but teething also stimulates saliva production, so you’ll see lots of drool when a new tooth is on its way. There’s nothing you can do to prevent this, so make sure to stock up on bibs to protect your baby’s clothes and minimize the number of outfit changes they need each day.

3. Crankiness

Another sign that your child is about to cut a new tooth is a marked change in temperament. Teething pain will make them grumpier than usual, and your little one is going to let you know it. Why does teething hurt so much? Think about what a tooth feels like and then imagine how that would feel against tender gums. It’s not going to be pleasant. And, to make matters worse, a baby can’t verbally express their pain. All they can do is fuss.

4. Lack of Interest in Food

If you’ve already started some foods with your baby, then you may notice that their appetite decreases in the days leading up to the appearance of a new tooth. This is normal and nothing to worry about. As long as they’re still drinking plenty of breastmilk or formula, they’ll get their appetite back once that tooth makes an appearance.

5. Lack of Sleep

The link between teething and lack of sleep is well-known, and many a parent has experienced sleepless nights because of it. When a baby is teething, the discomfort they feel in their gums may disrupt their sleep habits. A baby who has been sleeping through the night may start to wake up several times. A baby who still wakes up to eat may wake up more than usual.

How to Soothe a Teething Baby

When their baby starts teething, many parents ask, “How can I ease the pain of teething?” No parent wants to see their child in pain, and, of course, you want to help keep them comfortable. So what can you do to minimize teething pain? What are the best baby teething remedies out there?

1. Teething Rings

This tried-and-true standard is still around for a reason — it works! Teething rings made of rubber or silicone give a baby a safe and fun way to chew. When they bite down on the teething ring, it can temporarily relieve some of the pressure and pain they’re experiencing. Throw a couple in the fridge before use — the cold will make them even more soothing for sore gums!

2. Teething Toys

Similar to teething rings, teething toys are designed to give a baby a safe toy to chew on when they need it. There are plenty of options on the market today, but remember that toys designed for teething need to be cleaned and sanitized regularly. If they aren’t cleaned, moisture from your child’s mouth or dirt from the floor can build up in the toys. Choose toys that are easy to wash and keep several on hand so your baby doesn’t have to go without one while you’re washing the other.

3. Cold Washcloths

Moisten a clean washcloth then place it in the fridge until it gets nice and cold. Your baby will love gnawing on the cold fabric, and there’s nothing they can accidentally chew off or get in their mouth. It’s also super easy to clean!

4. Over-the-Counter Medication

Sometimes a teething ring or toy just isn’t going to cut it, especially at nighttime. When that happens, ibuprofen or acetaminophen can provide comfort and relief to your baby, helping them get the rest they need. Check with your pediatrician if you haven’t used these medicines before so you know what the proper dosage is for your baby. And, be careful. While these medicines are perfectly safe to administer occasionally, they shouldn’t be used around the clock for days on end. Consider them an occasional nighttime remedy and opt for non-medicinal options during the day when possible.

5. Rub Their Gums

If your baby is miserable, then wash your hands and settle in for a relaxing mini-massage. Using one finger, gently rub your baby’s gums on and near the inflamed area. Applying gentle pressure to the painful area can ease their pain and help them to relax. Plus, when they’re unhappy, spending time close to Mom or Dad provides a great deal of comfort to your unhappy child.

6. Solid Foods

If you’ve started experimenting with solid foods, consider giving your baby a chilled piece of carrot or cucumber to chew on. To avoid the risk of your baby choking on small food particles, you can place the food into a fresh food feeder, a teething toy designed to contain small amounts of food. Your baby can chew on the food and even get small tastes of it without the risk of big particles breaking off and potentially getting stuck in their throat.

What to Avoid When Baby Is Teething

There are many ways you can help make your child more comfortable when they’re teething, especially if they experience severe teething pain, but there are also some things you’ll want to avoid.

1. Teething Jewelry

Teething jewelry, especially anklets and necklaces made from amber beads have become popular methods of soothing sore gums in recent years, but they’re just not a good option for keeping your baby happy. Why? Teething jewelry puts your child at higher risk for choking on the beads if they break off of the necklace or being strangled by the necklace if it becomes caught on something. Plus, there’s been no scientific evidence that amber jewelry provides the pain relief that its manufacturers claim it does.

2. Teething Gels That Contain Benzocaine

In the recent past, many parents turned to Orajel or other similar topical gels that contain the pain reliever benzocaine to provide relief for teething babies. But these gels can pose a huge risk to babies. Health Canada has issued a warning about the use of products that contain benzocaine, including a warning to refrain from using them in children under the age of 2 without consulting their physician because of the increased risk that babies and young children could develop a condition in which their blood oxygen levels drop significantly.

3. Homeopathic Remedies

Homeopathic teething tablets have also been a popular solution for parents who want to ease their child’s discomfort without turning to over-the-counter medicines, however, these tablets just aren’t a good idea. Although some people have found relief using them, they are a homeopathic treatment and not medicinal. Besides not being regulated by Canada Health, these tablets have been found to contain ingredients that are dangerous for babies and young children and were found to cause seizures in some of the children who took them.

Importance of Early Dental Care

It may seem strange to think about taking a child to the dentist when they are just cutting their first tooth, but that’s the best time to think about it! The Canadian Dental Association recommends a child have their first dental visit once their first tooth arrives or around their first birthday — whichever comes first.

Why is it important to begin baby dental care so early?

1. Establish Healthy Habits

When you incorporate regular dental checkups and good dental hygiene into your child’s routine from an early age, it becomes second nature to them. It shows them that the dentist is a regular part of their life, just like visits to their pediatrician.

Besides beginning routine dental visits, it’s never too early to start teaching your child about good oral hygiene habits. Before your child’s teeth come in, you can gently wash their gums with a washcloth twice a day. Once their first tooth appears, you can begin a brushing routine using an age-appropriate toothpaste and toothbrush.

Many parents struggle with getting young children to brush their teeth, but it’s easier if you make it fun. Sing a song or recite a silly rhyme. Watch a short video or simply enjoy a few minutes of cuddle time while your little one sits in your lap and brushes.

2. Prevent Problems

By establishing a good oral health routine that includes regular dental checkups, you can prevent serious problems from marring that beautiful smile or your child’s confidence as they grow. A dentist can help reinforce the importance of good oral hygiene, as well as to detect minor problems before they snowball into serious — and potentially painful — issues later on.

Infant and Toddler Dental Care

Teething can be a difficult and emotional experience for parents and infants alike. It’s no fun watching your baby struggling with teething. Your job during this time is to provide ways to ease their pain and give them all the love and comfort you can. This too shall pass. By the time your child is 2 or so, they will likely have a full set of beautiful teeth and the days of teething rings and Baby Advil will be a distant memory.

But once your child’s teeth arrive, the real work begins. As a parent, you play a key role in helping your child develop and maintain good oral hygiene habits that will serve them for the rest of their life. By establishing a routine of brushing and flossing, as well as regular dental checkups, you can show your child how to keep their smile looking beautiful as they grow.

At Alpen Dental, we love working with children and parents to protect healthy teeth and develop healthy habits. If you are looking for a new dental home for your family, we invite you to call us or go online to make an appointment at our Blackfalds or Rimbey locations.

When Do Babies Get Their First Tooth?

Children will develop a set of primary teeth that last throughout early childhood. These primary teeth typically begin to emerge during the first year of life between the ages of 4 and 12 months. Their complete set of primary teeth are typically in place by age 3.

Though it is impossible to answer exactly “what age will my baby get their first tooth,” there are some signs that their first tooth could be preparing to make an appearance. Be on the lookout for swollen gums, redness, and irritability associated with teething pain. When babies get their first tooth, they may also be more likely to drool or chew on their hands or other objects.

Did You Know…

A baby’s teeth are present long before they break through the gums? In fact, the hard tissues of the primary teeth begin forming in the womb at approximately 18 weeks of gestation. From that point forward, it takes about 10 months for complete calcification. Some babies may even be born with their first teeth already erupted.

Common Questions About Baby Teeth

Which tooth is likely to appear first?

The first tooth is usually—not always—one of the two front teeth on the lower jaw. These two teeth are often also the first to be lost when the permanent teeth later emerge. In most cases, teeth will erupt in pairs and fall out in pairs.

When do babies get their first tooth?

Every child is different, so answering “what age will my baby get their first tooth ” isn’t exactly possible. However, the average age that children start teething is between 4 and 12 months.

How can I comfort my child when they’re teething?

It is normal for a baby to be irritable when teething. Counter-pressure often soothes the gums, so try giving your child a hard teething toy—specifically one that has been frozen. The coldness will help numb the gums, and the pressure will alleviate discomfort.

Should I bring my child to a pediatric dentist when they get their first tooth?

Yes. When your baby gets their first tooth, they should see a dentist for the first time no later than six months after it’s erupted or age one—whichever occurs first. Though most children do not require dental treatment during the infant and toddler years, early dental appointments are essential for reducing a child’s risk of tooth decay.

Contact Us

If you’re wondering what age your baby will get their first tooth, give us a call or schedule an appointment. We’re more than happy to answer every dental question you have about your child’s teeth.

Tips for Teething – Dr. Maggie Davis Blog

January 6, 2019

When your baby starts teething, it’s no fun for anyone. It’s easy to helpless as your child goes through the discomfort that comes along with new teeth breaking through, especially since your little one doesn’t understand why he’s in pain. However, there are actually many ways you can make the teething process a bit easier for your baby.  

When Does Teething Generally Begin?
In most cases, babies begin to teeth when they’re around six months old, although teething can start a bit earlier or later in some children. Usually, it’s the two bottom front teeth that breakthrough first, following by the top two front teeth. Even before you first see a tooth peeking through, teething pain may occur because of the pressure of the tooth pushing against the gum as it prepares to erupt.

Signs Your Baby is Teething
How do you know when your baby is teething? Some of the most common symptoms of teething include:

Ear pulling
Putting things in their mouth
Rubbing at their face
Puffy gums
Decrease in appetite
Tender, sore gums
Low-grade fever
Crying more than normal
Difficulty sleeping

Tips for Easing Your Baby’s Discomfort While Teething
Once you know that your baby is teething, you can do several things to ease your baby’s discomfort. Helpful tips you can try to relieve the pain include:

Tip #1 – Massage the Gums – The swelling and pain that comes with teething can often be soothed by massaging the gums. Many babies start biting down on the sides of a crib or playpen when teething because they like the pressure. Use a clean finger to gently massage the gums to help reduce their pain.

Tip #2 – Hard Teething Toys – Many little ones love chewing on something hard because it adds pressure, and it can even speed up the teething process. Teething toys made of toxin-free plastic, rubber, or silicon are all great choices. Experiment a bit to see what your child likes the most, and make sure you keep teething toys clean.

Tip #3 – Use Something Cold – A cool washcloth or even a frozen washcloth can feel wonderful on your baby’s irritated gums. Plush teething toys that are chilled also make great options. You can dip them in a bit of breast milk and freeze them or put them in the refrigerator as well.

Tip #4 – Offer Chilled Food – Many babies don’t want to eat much while they’re teething, and since cold feels good on swollen gums, chilled food may help. Be sure to choose only healthy foods, such as soft frozen fruits if your baby is already eating solid food.

Tip #5 – Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers – Mayo Clinic recommends giving your baby over-the-counter pain relievers like Children’s Motrin or Children’s Tylenol if they are especially cranky and fussy while teething, although it’s a good idea to consult with your baby’s physician or dentist. However, it’s important to use these medications as directed.

Tip #6 – Skip Teething Medications with Lidocaine and Benzocaine – Some of the over-the-counter teething medications that contain lidocaine or benzocaine can actually prove harmful to your baby, and they’re not recommended. You’ll also want to avoid homeopathic teething tablets.

Don’t Forget That First Dental Visit
When your child begins teething, it’s time to start thinking about that first dental visit. It’s recommended that baby’s see a dentist by the age of one. As soon as your baby has teeth, there’s a risk of tooth decay. That first visit to the dentist is an excellent time for your child to get acquainted with the dentist and become familiar with the office. Your pediatric dentist can examine your child’s teeth and talk with you about how to begin properly caring for their teeth, how to prevent tooth decay, normal dental development, and some of the common habits like thumb sucking or sippy cups that can result in dental issues.

Although teething is normal, it can be difficult for you and your child. Try some of these tips to ease their discomfort and be ready to offer some extra snuggles to soothe them. Once your baby has teeth, give us a call, and we’ll get that first dental visit scheduled so you get a head start on keeping your child’s teeth and gums healthy.

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Timing of teething in children

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The timing of teething in a child can be influenced by many factors, the main of which is genetics. Internal and external factors have an important impact on this process.

When milk teeth begin to erupt

Most often, the first milk teeth begin to erupt when the baby is six to eight months old. As a rule, a child has four upper and lower incisors per year.By about two years old, the baby has the first milk molars and canines. After about six months, the second milk molars erupt. By the age of three, the baby usually has a fully developed milk bite. In total, by this time, the baby should have twenty milk teeth. At the age of ten to twelve, there should be twenty-eight teeth.

Delay in the eruption of deciduous teeth

If your baby has not yet erupted a single deciduous tooth by the age of nine months, do not worry.Delay in the eruption of deciduous teeth for up to six months is considered normal. In addition, in boys, the process of eruption of milk teeth begins later than in girls.

In this situation, it is necessary to carefully examine the baby’s gums. Perhaps they have swollen and reddened, or, on the contrary, have become thin and pale, and under them a tooth is felt or it can be seen with the naked eye. To speed up the teething process, it is recommended to purchase special ring stimulators in the form of a toy.It will also be beneficial to massage the gums in the form of light pressure. This will facilitate and speed up the teething process, but complete sterility of the hands must be observed.

It is rare that delayed teething in a child may be due to general growth retardation (eg, rickets). It is recommended to pay attention to the delay in teething at the next examination by the pediatrician. If there are reasons for concern, the doctor will recommend vitamins and calcium preparations to normalize mineral metabolism.

A rather rare phenomenon in children is adentia or absence of tooth rudiments. Therefore, if a one-year-old child has not yet erupted a single milk tooth, it should be shown to a doctor in pediatric dentistry, who, in case of emergency, will check the presence of tooth buds using X-rays.

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Teething in babies – symptoms

Date of renovation: 19.07.2021

Date of publication: 25.08.

Articles Written



We always watch with trepidation how newborn babies grow and develop. There are changes and achievements that are delightful, while others are a little disturbing at first.Many parents often lose confidence and self-control when a baby’s tooth begins to cut a baby’s teeth, especially if this is the first child in the family. In order not to confuse this natural process with a cold disease and not to harm the baby, it is necessary to learn how to navigate the signs of teething of milk teeth.

When the period of the appearance of the first teeth comes, the baby’s behavior, as well as the usual reactions of his body, may change. The main symptoms of the eruption of the first teeth are:

  • Profuse salivation.This happens with all children. Drooling increases from about 8 weeks and lasts up to 4-5 months. Mommies just need to always keep clean handkerchiefs and bibs ready and lubricate their baby’s delicate skin with emollient baby cream to avoid irritation.
  • The child tries to chew any object that gets into his mouth. And if the baby is breastfed, then mommy may even experience painful sensations when feeding, because the baby is trying to press the nipple with the gums.
  • If you try to touch the baby’s gum with a clean finger, you will feel how it has changed, it has become a little loose and swollen.

Often the appearance of teeth causes great discomfort in the baby. This is especially true for the eruption of the very first teeth. Some babies refuse to eat even if they are hungry. This is explained by the fact that pain during sucking can increase.

Child’s temperature, why?

When the teeth start to cut, the child may have a fever, which in such a situation is quite common. What can parents do to help their baby?

  • If the temperature does not exceed 38 degrees, try not to knock it down with drugs; just do not insulate or overheat the baby.
  • The baby in this state is very nervous, contact with mom is very important, so do not deny him breast, even if it gets out of your usual latching regime.
  • Give your child some water to drink more often, because at a high temperature, dehydration occurs faster in the child’s body.
  • In order for the process of teething in a child to proceed smoother, you need to lubricate his gums with special gels, for example, Kalgel or Holisal. Then offer your baby a teether toy.Such a toy massages the gums well and distracts the baby.
  • Gum massage is a very effective remedy, for this you need to sit the baby on your lap or just take a position that is comfortable for both of you, and very gently massage the gums, without pressing hard and without sudden movements.
  • Try to calm the baby, hug, shake, because when the baby cries, the temperature usually starts to rise faster.
  • If you periodically wipe the baby’s body with warm water at high temperatures, paying special attention to the folds under the armpits, between the legs.

What to do to eat the temperature has risen

As soon as the temperature jumped to above 38 degrees, it’s time for antipyretics:

  • Paracetamol;
  • Panadol;
  • Nurofen.

Everything that is allowed for the child, strictly following the instructions.

Choose only syrup formulations for children. For the smallest or those who may have an allergic reaction to the components of the syrups, give special rectal suppositories for children, which reduce fever and have anti-inflammatory properties.

If the temperature lasts more than three days without dropping, then be sure to consult a doctor, as this may be a symptom of another inflammatory process in the baby’s body. And in order not to confuse a cold disease with teething in a child, it is enough to invite an experienced pediatrician for a consultation.

Be healthy! Sign up for a consultation at the clinic Babydent , our specialists will try to answer all your questions!

The article is for informational purposes only, specialist advice is required.

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Pediatric dentistry – baby teeth, eruption of permanent teeth

All About Teeth: When Do Teeth Appear?

The development of deciduous and permanent teeth begins at the 6th week of intrauterine life, when the body length of the embryo is only about 11 mm, and continues until the 5th year of life. The order of the formation of teeth determines the order of their eruption. Those teeth, the laying of which occurs in the first period (up to 5 months) of intrauterine life, erupt first.These are milk or temporary teeth. The teeth laid down from the 5th month of intrauterine life to the 5th year of the child’s life erupt secondarily and are permanent. Milk teeth in humans are 20: 8 incisors, 4 canines and 8 molars.

Milk teeth erupt in the following order:
Central incisors – 6-8 months
Lateral incisors – 8-12 months.
First molars – 12-16 months
Canines – 16-20 months
Second molars – 20-30 months

From 6 to 12 years old, milk teeth are gradually replaced by permanent ones (a period of changeable bite begins). An adult normally has 28 teeth: 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 small molars (premolars), and 12 large molars (molars). There are also 4 optional “wisdom” teeth. They can begin to grow at 16 and 30 …

The eruption of permanent teeth occurs in the following order:
The first molars are 5-6 years old.
Central incisors – 6-8 years.
Lateral incisors – 8-9 years.
The first premolars are 9-10 years old.
Second premolars are 11-12 years old.
Canines – 10-13 years old.
Second molars are 12-13 years old.
Third molars (wisdom teeth) are usually 18-28 years old.

As a rule, the teeth of the lower jaw erupt before the teeth of the upper jaw. Often there are deviations from the usual timing of teething: more often they erupt earlier. A 1-2 month delay in teething is not considered a pathology. If the eruption of the first teeth is delayed by 4-6 months, it is necessary to consult a pediatric dentist.Violations of the early stages of development of dental germs lead to a variety of defects in the formation of all or individual teeth. In the intrauterine period, the formation of hard tissues occurs only in the crown of the tooth, while the formation of the root proceeds after birth, starting shortly before eruption, and is completely completed (for milk teeth) by 1.5-4 years.

90,000 Terms of eruption of permanent teeth in children

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Interactive dental formula

The timing of teething can characterize both the biological and the passport age of the child.The process and timing of teething depends not only on inherited genetic parameters. The timing of teething can be influenced by external and internal factors (climatic conditions, the nature of the diet, the quality of drinking water, etc.). In this regard, in different regions, the timing of the eruption of permanent teeth varies.

During a person’s life, 20 teeth change once, and the remaining 8-12 teeth do not change, they erupt initially permanent (molars).

Until the age of three, all milk teeth erupt in a child, which by the age of 5 begin to gradually be replaced by permanent ones.

There are 20 milk teeth in total: on each jaw there are 4 incisors (4 central teeth), 2 canines (the third from the center or “eye”) and 4 molars (the fourth and fifth from the center “chewing” teeth).

An adult normally has 28-32 permanent teeth: on each jaw there are 4 incisors, 2 canines, 4 premolars and 4-6 molars.The development of the third molar (“wisdom tooth”) may not occur at all (with congenital edentulous third molars), which is also considered the norm. Another situation is also possible: the “wisdom” tooth is laid in the thickness of the jaw, but never erupts (due to the wrong position or lack of space in the jaw). This situation is very common.

After the eruption of all milk teeth, there are no three (gaps, gaps) between them, which is the norm. But as the jaw grows, before changing milk teeth to permanent, gaps should appear between the milk teeth.This process is necessary, since permanent teeth are larger than milk teeth and if gaps are not formed, then the permanent teeth do not fit in the jaw and the child gets “crooked” permanent teeth.

In parallel with the formation of gaps between the temporary teeth, the roots of milk teeth “resorb”, after which the teeth alternately loosen and fall out.

There is no general opinion about the normal timing of the eruption of permanent teeth, since scientific research by different authors was carried out in different regions and in different years of the last and our century.Here are the norms for the eruption of permanent teeth according to several authors:

Central incisors 5-6 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982) 90 130
6-8 years (Kolesov A.A. 1985)
7-8 years (Magid E.A. et al. 1987, Bykov V.L. 1998)
6-9 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)

Lateral incisors 7-9 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982) 90 130
8-9 years old (Kolesov A.A. 1985, Magid E.A. et al. 1987, Bykov V.L. 1998)
7-10 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)

Fangs 12-13 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982, Bykov V.L. 1998)
9-11 years old (Kolesov A.A. 1985)
10-13 years old (Magid E.A. et al. 1987)
9-14 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)

First premolars 9-11 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982, Bykov V.L. 1998) 90 130
9-10 years old (Kolesov A.A. 1985, Magid E.A. et al. 1987)
9-13 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)

Second premolars 9-11 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982)
11-12 years old (Kolesov A.A. 1985, Magid E.A. et al. 1987, Bykov V.L. 1998)
10-14 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)

First molars 4.5-7 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982) 90 130
6 years old (Kolesov A.A. 1985)
5-6 years (Magid E.A. et al. 1987)
5-8 years (Calvelis D.A. 1994)
6-7 years (Bykov V.L. 1998)

Second molars 12-13 years old (Vinogradova T.S. 1982, Kolesov A.A. 1985, Magid E.A. et al.1987, Bykov V.L. 1998)
11-14 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)

Third molars (“wisdom teeth”) 18-25 years old (Magid E.A. et al. 1987) 90 130
18-20 years old (Calvelis D.A. 1994)
18-30 years old (Bykov V.L. 1998)

Here is the most common sequence of eruption of permanent teeth:

  1. First molars (“sixth teeth”)
  2. Central incisors
  3. Side cutters
  4. First premolars (“fourth teeth”)
  5. Canines (“eye teeth”) and / or second premolars (“fifth teeth”)
  6. Second molars (“seventh teeth”)
  7. Third molars (“wisdom teeth”)

Important! Each milk tooth is normally loosened and replaced with a permanent one

Central milk incisor on the eponymous permanent

Lateral milk incisor on the eponymous permanent

Milk canine on the eponymous permanent

First milk molar to first permanent premolar (“fourth tooth”)

Second milk molar to second permanent premolar (“fifth tooth”)

The first permanent molar (“sixth tooth”) appears immediately permanent in 5-7 years.

The second permanent molar (“seventh tooth”) appears immediately permanent at the age of 9-12.

Therefore, even if your child has not lost a single baby tooth at the age of 5-7, this does not mean that he does not have permanent molars (“sixth teeth”). The appearance of these teeth is not always accompanied by an increase in temperature and general malaise.

Also, do not despair and panic if a child’s temperature rises at the age of 5-7 years and he does not eat well, perhaps his first molars are cut!

A.I. Redko dentist


Teething in children | Pediatric dentistry Traffic light

The rudiments of teeth, the time and sequence of their appearance are laid even in the period of intrauterine development, and we are talking not only about milk teeth, but also about molars. At about six months of age (with some changes in one direction or another), the process of teething of milk teeth begins. Unfortunately, this process is disguised as various other diseases, which is confusing.It is not clear if the child has a runny nose, a cold, or something else?


It takes time for all 20 deciduous teeth to erupt. If you decide on the symptoms accompanying the appearance of each of them, then it will be possible to significantly alleviate the painful sensations and reduce the discomfort that the baby is experiencing.

Symptoms are divided into general and local (individual).

General symptoms

Typical for most children:

  • The child became capricious.
  • The child has mood swings.
  • Doesn’t sleep well, regardless of the time of day.
  • Eats poorly.
  • There is a tendency to gnaw on everything.

An additional symptom is active salivation, which often precedes the appearance of whims and everything else. A runny nose may well be observed, especially often when canines and upper teeth erupt.

With all this, these symptoms do not necessarily indicate that it was the piercing milk teeth that caused them.This may indicate a cold or other illness.

Local signs

General symptoms do not always accurately indicate the source. Only local ones with a high degree of probability make it possible to understand that the reason lies in the eruption of teeth. Swelling and redness of the gums in the presence of a runny nose or other symptoms will definitely say that the baby will soon have the first (second third …) tooth.

Disputed signs

It is acceptable for a child to have fever and diarrhea.This is a natural defense reaction of the body to inflammatory processes in the gums and oral mucosa. The only condition is that the values ​​are not higher than 38-38.5 degrees, and a maximum of a couple of days. If the child has fever for a longer time, then, most likely, some kind of infection is to blame, and you should see a doctor.

Diarrhea can be the result of an increased temperature, but if it is observed on its own and for a long time, then the cutting teeth may be innocent. You should visit a doctor and check if an intestinal infection has appeared due to the fact that children often pull whatever comes into their mouths.Cough, vomiting, rhinitis snot should not be.

Features of teething

Teeth begin to appear from 6 months, some earlier, and some later. This is an individual process, and there is nothing wrong with a small delay. The main thing is not to try to speed up the process. Do not use artificial damage to the gums to facilitate the way out of the tooth. Firstly, it hurts, and secondly, an infection that can get into the wound.

If there is a desire to help somehow, then you should give the child something to gnaw on hard: special rubber teethers, or use crackers, drying.The goal is not to feed the baby, let it just scratch the gums with these objects. In the end, time and saliva (and it contains enzymes that soften mucous membranes) will do their job.

How to relieve pain

You can relieve your baby of the discomfort caused by teething. Which method is right for your baby – you will have to find out individually, choosing from the ones presented below:

  • Teethers. Toys of different colors, sizes, shapes made of special materials.It is advisable to cool it before use, since cold has a beneficial effect on itchy gums, soothes it. At the same time, the use of such toys develops the baby’s fine motor skills and entertains him.
  • Massaging the gums. Using a gauze pad moistened with cold water, you can massage the gums. You should not put pressure on it, so as not to break the shell.
  • Rinse. Quite a complicated procedure, since rinsing as such turns out to be difficult for the baby. You should use decoctions of herbs – chamomile, mint, lemon balm.Drinking decoctions is allowed, as well as simply rubbing the gums with them.
  • Anesthetic gels. An effective way that has one negative property is addiction. This should not be allowed.

When and how teeth erupt

It is difficult to name exact terms, this is an individual process. If we average, then:

  • The first (central lower incisors) should appear at 6-8 months.
  • Upper central incisors at 8-10 months.
  • From the 9th to the 12th month, the lateral incisors should appear.
  • From one to one and a half years – the first molars (chewing teeth).
  • Canines – 16 months. Their eruption can take up to 3 years of age.

By the age of three, all 20 deciduous teeth should appear.


Summarizing. If you have coped with the appearance of the first teeth, then it will be easier further. It all starts at about six months of age, and ends at three years old.By this time, the child must be taught to properly care for them.

Possible symptoms indicating that the baby has begun teething:

  • Slight rise in temperature, possibly mild diarrhea.
  • Bad dream.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Discharge of water from the nose, but not a runny nose.
  • Cough, not a cold, but from an abundance of saliva.
  • Vomiting – if only from force-feeding in the presence of a fever.

Inadmissible symptoms:

  • Snot, cough like a cold.
  • High continuous temperature.
  • Prolonged sleep disturbance.

Teeth development and teething will be discussed in dentistry Stellite

Stages of development of teeth

There are four conditional stages in the development of teeth in humans . The division into such periods is fair if we are talking about both milk and permanent teeth.READ MORE · The first stage is the establishment of dental beginnings. The formation of dental primordia of milk teeth occurs in the embryo at the sixth to eighth weeks of intrauterine development. First, an epithelial plate is formed, then enamel caps. The formation of the beginnings of permanent teeth occurs in the fifth month of intrauterine development of the fetus. Incisors are laid first, then small molars and canines. The last are the rudiments of large molars (in the sixth month of a child’s life) and wisdom teeth – “eights” (only in the fourth or fifth year of a child’s life).· The second stage is differentiation. Differentiation of dental buds usually occurs at the twelfth (maximum – fourteenth) week of fetal development inside the womb. During this period, cells are formed – the builders of the surface tissue of the tooth (enamel) and cells – the builders of dentin (the layer of the tooth under the enamel). In medical science, these builder cells are called adamanotblasts and odontoblasts, respectively. · The third stage is histogenesis. The next stage in the development of teeth is histogenesis.This is the formation of hard dental tissues. The process of histogenesis begins in the fourth month of intrauterine development of the baby. First, dentin is formed, and then the outer and most durable tissue of the tooth and the entire human body – enamel. · The fourth stage is the development of the roots of the teeth . The development of the roots of both milk and permanent teeth begins after the baby is born. Usually, tooth root development begins shortly before the eruption of a tooth. The development of the roots of the tooth ends with the formation of the root apex – this occurs two years after the beginning of eruption.


The usual order of eruption of milk teeth in a baby is as follows: The central incisors of the lower dentition are erupting. Usually this process occurs, when baby is six months old. The central incisors start cutting , now of the upper jaw . Next, the upper lateral incisors, the neighbors of the central ones in the dentition, begin to cut. It is now the turn of the lateral incisors of the lower jaw. The child is one year old and has erupted eight teeth. Until the baby is one year and six months old, four small molars begin to erupt in the baby. After a year and a half, the following teeth erupt in the baby’s oral cavity – canines . Then large molars erupt. The child turns two years and six months, or exactly three years old , when all twenty milk teeth erupted in him . The timing of the eruption of deciduous teeth may vary – minor deviations from the indicated terms are not a pathology .If the timing is significantly violated, then this may be a sign of disorders in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, a symptom of infection in the child’s body or metabolic disorders. Teeth can be erupted in babies either individually or in pairs. Long before the baby’s teeth erupt, salivation increases, the baby begins to gnaw more toys or a cam. During the teething period itself, the baby is very active: it often cries or screams. The period of teething may be accompanied by a fever and a cold in the baby.


90,000 Stages of teeth formation in children

Few of the future parents know that the foundation of their baby’s milk teeth begins to form already at the 7th week of pregnancy, and from the 5th month, permanent teeth are laid.The future dental health of the baby depends entirely on the habits, lifestyle and nutrition of the mother.

At the age of 6-8 months, the first teeth in babies erupt – two lower incisors. Then, at the age of 8-9 months, the top two appear. The timing of teething is quite individual and depends, among other things, on genetic factors. The eruption of the first teeth at 5-9 months is considered to be a variant of the norm. The third, fourth and fifth teeth gradually erupt. The formation of a temporary bite is completed by the age of 2.5-3, when the child has 20 milk teeth – 5 teeth on each side of the upper and lower jaws.

In this case, the process of maturation of the enamel of milk teeth occurs within 2 years after the tooth erupted in the oral cavity, i.e. the enamel on the central incisors finally matures by about 3 years, and on the lateral teeth, respectively, even later. In terms of its anatomical structure, a baby’s milk tooth differs from a permanent one: its walls are much thinner. For example, on the lateral surface, the thickness of the hard tissues of a milk tooth (enamel, dentin) is only 1 mm.Such a tooth, in comparison with a permanent one, is much more vulnerable to the occurrence of various kinds of problems – first of all, this is the development of caries and its complications. And if the tooth is still forming, the enamel is in the maturing stage, then it can collapse very quickly, especially against the background of a sharp decrease in the child’s immunity: during and after a viral infection, after an illness with antibiotic treatment.

At the age of 6-7 years, the physiological change of temporary teeth to permanent ones begins.The order of their appearance is the same as for the eruption of deciduous teeth. The first to appear are the lower and upper central incisors, along with them – the so-called sixth teeth: first, the lower, then the upper. The sixth teeth do not change, but grow. The pattern of appearance of all teeth is similar: first, tubercles become noticeable above the gum, then the chewing surface. At the moment when the tooth erupts, its root is approximately half formed, it is short and has a wide canal lumen. In the process of its formation, the root grows in length, its walls thicken.

The last milk tooth changes by the age of 11-12. At the same time, for two years after eruption, the enamel matures, and the formation of the root of a permanent tooth lasts even longer: from 2 to 4 years. Thus, only in adolescence can we say that the situation has stabilized.

Important to know!

From the moment the first teeth erupt at the age of about 6 months and up to 3 years, a temporary bite is formed in a child.The milk tooth in its anatomical structure differs from the permanent one, its walls are much thinner, which means that the risk of caries is higher. Therefore, we recommend taking preventive examinations with a doctor every 3-4 months. It is not easy for parents to discern the beginning caries in a hard-to-reach place, and the process that has begun can develop too quickly and lead to undesirable consequences.