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Why do i have red patches on my face: 3 Reasons for Red Patches on Your Face

3 Reasons for Red Patches on Your Face

Posted on by Christie Regula

While there are many reasons for red patches on your face to appear, all of these reasons can be summed up into three categories: allergens and irritants, environmental factors, and health conditions. We’ll break each of these categories down, as well as discuss treatment options for red patches on your face. 

Can Stress Cause Face Rashes? 

Yes, stress can cause facial rashes, more commonly known as hives. In fact, it’s one of the environmental factors that can cause red patches on your face. Hives can also appear on the neck, chest, and arms. They can range in size from tiny dots to large welts and may itch or burn. However, stress is not the only cause for facial redness or rashes. 

Why Do I Have Red Blotches on My Face?

As we mentioned above, there are three main categories for possible causes of the red patches on your face. However, these are general categories, and there are many different things within each of these categories that could be causing those red patches. It’s important to seek proper diagnosis and care from a board-certified dermatologist. 

  • Allergens and Irritants

At some point in your life, you’ve probably had an allergic reaction. When an allergic reaction causes a rash, it’s known as contact dermatitis. The face is actually a common place for contact dermatitis to appear, as we often touch our face throughout the day and come into contact with many other things, such as soap or hair dye, that can be irritating to the skin.

Spicy food and alcohol are other common irritants that can cause a red rash on the face. Some medications can cause a red rash to appear as well, especially if you are outdoors. A common medication in this scenario is a cream containing hydrocortisone. 

Cosmetics and facial creams can cause red patches on your face if they aren’t made with quality ingredients. And for those with sensitive skin, even if the product is high quality, a red rash may appear if it is not made specifically for sensitive skin. Other common irritants include cleaning products, perfume/cologne, chlorinated water, plants, and nickel.

  • Environmental Factors

The main environmental factor that can cause red patches on your face is the weather. If you live anywhere (ahem, Pennsylvania) that experiences extreme changes in weather, you know what we’re talking about. And if you don’t, that doesn’t mean you haven’t also experienced weather-induced facial redness.

Hot, humid conditions can cause prickly heat, a rash that causes redness. On the opposite end of the spectrum, cold weather can also cause your face to turn red from dry skin. This is especially the case if you live in windy areas or forget to protect your skin from the winter weather. 

  • Health Conditions

This category probably has the longest list of different causes, but we’ll focus on some of the most common causes for red patches on the face. These include seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, shingles, and rosacea. Although all these conditions cause facial redness, they have other key identifiers to help you obtain the correct treatment. We’ll dive into those below. 

What Does Seborrheic Dermatitis Look Like?

Two common forms of seborrheic dermatitis are cradle cap and dandruff, and while neither are contagious, they can cause discomfort and/or embarrassment. Cradle cap occurs on an infant’s head (hence the name cradle cap) and often appears as white or yellow scaly patches. 

When seborrheic dermatitis continues past infancy, it becomes more flakey and itchy. This is when it is more commonly known as dandruff. It can also sometimes be pink and greasy and extend beyond the scalp to the face, ears, back, and chest.

What Does Eczema Look Like?

There are many different types of eczema. The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis. It’s very common in children, but symptoms often become milder as you age. It is often associated with a history of asthma or seasonal allergies. Because symptoms can become less intense as you age, they can differ slightly depending on your age. 

In infants, eczema appears suddenly and causes the skin to become scaly, dry, and very itchy. The affected areas can sometimes drain fluid. In children and adults, it often occurs in skin creases, such as on the neck, elbows, and knees. It is bumpy, slightly lighter or darker than your normal skin tone, and the affected area can thicken. 

What Does Psoriasis Look Like? 

Similar to eczema, there are different types of psoriasis, but the most common form is plaque psoriasis. Approximately 6.7 million adults in the US have been affected by plaque psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis appears as plaques of red skin covered by silver-colored scales. They’re often painful and itchy, as well as often becoming cracked and bloody. 

What Do Shingles Look Like?

Shingles are a viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. However, chickenpox and shingles are different conditions. The skin affected by shingles is often sensitive to the touch, and at times can be painful. After the pain appears, blisters and a red rash develop. The rash most often appears on the abdomen, but also occurs on the face and other areas of the body.

What Does Rosacea Look Like? 

In case you haven’t noticed a recurring theme, there are different types of rosacea, just like many of the other health conditions discussed. Although each type of rosacea is most likely to affect your face, they each have their own set of symptoms. 

Ocular rosacea causes the eyes to become red and irritated, as well as causes swollen eyelids and a bump often mistaken for a sty. Phymatous rosacea causes your skin to thicken and form a bumpy texture. Papulopustular rosacea, also known as acne rosacea, is identified by large, painful blemishes deep within the skin. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, the most common type of rosacea, is known to cause flushing, redness, and visible blood vessels.  

How Do I Get Rid of Red Patches on My Face?

The treatment for red patches on your face will vary based on the cause. However, your dermatologist will likely prescribe one (or a combination) of the following as the best treatment for facial redness: topical products, prescription drugs, laser treatment, or light therapy.

Topical products are most commonly used for rosacea, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis treatment. Acne wash or Azelaic Gel can be prescribed as part of your rosacea treatment. For eczema and seborrheic dermatitis, products can include dandruff shampoo, barrier repair creams, and anti-itch creams and ointments. 

Prescription drugs are a common aspect of rosacea, shingles, and psoriasis treatment. Steroids can be used to treat small patches of psoriasis and retinoids, in pill form, can help to slow the production of skin, thereby reducing plaques. Antiviral medications are used in shingles treatment to shorten the duration of and lessen the intensity of symptoms. If topical methods and prescription drugs have not alleviated your symptoms, your dermatologist may consider prescribing laser treatment or light therapy depending on your symptoms. 

If you are experiencing red patches on your face, contact us at Vujevich Dermatology Associates to schedule an appointment. Our expert team will build an individualized treatment plan to alleviate your symptoms and work with you to lessen the severity of future occurrences.  You can reach our team at 412-429-2570. You can also follow us on Facebook to see what’s new in the world of dermatology. 

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Causes of red spots on the face and how to get rid of them

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Rosacea is a chronic disease that is characterized by facial skin lesions in the form of erythema and inflammatory papules-pustular elements.

This disease belongs to the category of socially significant diseases. It affects about 1.5-10% of the population worldwide. Most often, the disease occurs in fair-skinned women from 30 to 50 years old, men are more likely to suffer from the development of complications.

Causes of disease development

Currently, there is no exact information about the causes of the development of this disease. But there are a number of theories according to which diseases of the digestive, endocrine, immune and other systems affect the appearance of rosacea.

Causes of red spots:

1. Genetic predisposition

2. Vascular changes

3. Microorganisms

4. Changes in the connective tissue of the dermis

5. Diseases of the digestive tract

6. Immune disorders

7. Changes in the sebaceous-hair apparatus

8. Emotional stress

9. Exposure to chemical agents

10. Disturbances of hormonal balance

11. Oxidative stress

12. Constitutional angiopathy

Abuse in visiting baths, saunas, as well as prolonged exposure to frost or wind, the use of aggressive skin care products, frequent emotional stress, lead to an aggravation of the course of this disease.

Rosacea symptoms

There are several subtypes of rosacea:

1. Erythematous-telangiectatic

2. Papulo-pustular

3. Phymatous

4. Ocular

At the initial stage, skin changes are hardly noticeable, are temporary and are characterized by the appearance in the form of flushes of mild erythema on the cheeks and in the nose. Then the dilated vessels become more visible and the erythema more persistent.

Feelings of burning, tingling may appear, swelling of tissues in the area of ​​redness intensifies. If the skin is not properly cared for, then over time the stratum corneum thickens, hyperkeratosis appears, the qualitative composition of sebum changes, and over time this can lead to the addition of a secondary infection. As a result, inflammatory elements appear on the skin.

Treatment and prevention

Rosacea can be corrected, but it is impossible to completely get rid of this disease, since it is chronic.

Treatment objectives:

  • reduction of external manifestations of symptoms of the disease

  • exacerbation prevention

  • maintenance of long-term remission

The success of treatment is based on the joint efforts of the doctor and the patient, especially in identifying provoking factors that are strictly individual. The exclusion or reduction of their influence is reflected in the course of the disease.

Depending on the subtype of rosacea, the doctor draws up a treatment plan and further correction of aesthetic defects. If necessary, the patient must pass a series of tests and consult with related specialists, such as a gynecologist-endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, etc.

At the clinic ESTELAB , a pulsed liquid dye laser with a wavelength of 595 nm VBEAM PERFECTA is used to correct vascular disorders in the face. The laser uses micropulse technology and a patented Dynamic Cooling System (DSD). This allows you to effectively coagulate vessels of any diameter without overheating the surrounding tissues.

This approach improves the course of rehabilitation, preventing appearance of post-inflammatory pigmentation . There are contraindications, before the procedure it is necessary to consult a specialist.

Combined preparations based on hyaluronic acid and trehalose-REVI show their effectiveness for skin restoration after hardware procedures in patients with rosacea. A unique component in the form of trehalose prevents premature cell aging, neutralizes free radicals, starts cell self-purification processes, enhances local immunity and has an anti-inflammatory effect, thereby maintaining and enhancing the results of treatment and the effect of hardware techniques.

The course is selected by the doctor individually, depending on the subtype of rosacea and the dynamics of the treatment. Sign up for a consultation through the feedback form.

what is it and how to remove it?

Surely many people have come across a situation where even with daily, thorough skin care, using the best cosmetics, proper nutrition, visiting a beautician, there comes a moment when red dots appear on the face for unknown reasons.

Most often they are localized on the cheeks and nose. To deal with this issue, it is necessary to determine the causes of these formations and what types of red spots exist.

Types of red spots on the face

Contact dermatitis.

Contact dermatitis is characterized by redness, burning and, in some cases, even local swelling of the skin on the face. The reason may be the reaction of the body to contact with allergens or irritants: it may be inappropriate cosmetics, care products, even clothes, for example, washed with a new powder that came into contact with the skin. In the acute form, the skin reacts not only with erythema (redness) and irritation, but also with the appearance of vesicles, blisters and active itching.

At the first of these symptoms, we recommend that you immediately consult a dermatologist for advice, diagnosis and treatment. At home, it is important, first of all, to exclude skin contact with an irritant.

Atopic dermatitis

It is a chronic disorder that develops in childhood and recurs in adulthood in the form of red spots, rashes and peeling of the skin on the face. The reasons can be various factors, including: genetics, violation of the protective barrier of the skin, environmental factors, climatic conditions, allergens in food, household chemicals or cosmetics.

For example, atopic dermatitis can be provoked by: eating peanuts, dairy products, soybeans, staying in a dusty area for a long time, having pockets of mold at home, etc. this disease does not go away on its own, as in the case of contact dermatitis.

Infectious dermatitis

Both bacteria and microbes can be the source of infection. Among the causes of the disease in adulthood are sexually transmitted diseases, infections that affect the skin, microtrauma and extensive skin damage, postoperative complications of an infectious nature.

At risk for infectious dermatitis are patients with immunodeficiency, chronic venous insufficiency, intoxication of the body, young children and the elderly.

This type of dermatitis has the following manifestations: rash, redness, itching, peeling. The rash may take the form of nodules or blisters with pus inside. Only a dermatologist can make a diagnosis, identify provoking causes, and prescribe the correct antibacterial, antifungal, or antimicrobial treatment.

Discoid lupus erythematosus

This is a chronic immune disease that affects the skin, including the face, mainly in young women. The clinical picture is very ambiguous, it affects not only the skin, but also the cardiovascular system, mucous membranes, bronchopulmonary system, affects the kidneys, etc.

It is completely curable in 40% of cases. If the face is covered with red spots from discoid lupus erythematosus, then the dermatologist will prescribe a complex treatment that includes hormone therapy, taking multivitamins and cytostatic drugs that help fight the infection.

Blushing syndrome

Uncontrollable redness on the face or cheeks when agitated are signs of blushing syndrome or erythroderma. Violation can be triggered by a variety of reasons, which as a result affect the autonomic nervous system, and it, in turn, controls vascular tone. This may be a psychological condition, carcinoid syndrome, hot flashes in premenopause, drug treatment. Based on the causes of the disease, the doctor will prescribe a therapeutic, medical or surgical treatment.

Rosacea

It is a chronic non-infectious skin disease that can appear as red spots on the face that are localized on the forehead, eyelids, nose, cheeks. In the progressive form of the disease, small vessels appear on the affected areas, and then there is a burning sensation and small rashes.

Rosacea therapy involves complex (therapeutic and drug) treatment, as well as laser therapy to remove the vascular network, spots, redness.

Angioma

Angiomas are vascular flat or voluminous formations on the skin. They can be caused both genetically and appear as a result of a disruption in the hormonal system, due to injuries or prolonged sunburn. For the treatment of angiomas, laser treatment is used.

How to remove redness with a laser treatment?

Each of the disorders that we have mentioned above appears on the skin in the form of red spots. It is possible to remove redness from the face with the right medical approach, both therapeutic and medication. Laser therapy has proven itself in combination with these techniques. Laser treatment allows you to eliminate skin defects on the face, which therapeutic methods do not always cope with:

  • remove the vascular network and superficial vascular formations;
  • remove redness;
  • normalize microcirculation and nutrition of skin cells;
  • strengthen vessel walls;
  • smooth the surface of the skin.