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Heart Failure Symptoms | HealthLink BC

Topic Overview

If you have heart failure, symptoms start to happen when your heart cannot pump enough blood to the rest of your body.

Shortness of breath

While shortness of breath is the most common symptom of heart failure, it may be difficult or impossible to distinguish it from shortness of breath caused by other health problems such as emphysema or severe anemia. Your doctor can help you determine why you have been feeling short of breath.

People with heart failure experience shortness of breath in many different ways. You might feel that:

  • You can’t catch your breath.
  • You feel tightness in your chest.
  • You feel tired when you walk.
  • You need to stop a lot when you walk.
  • It gets worse when you lie flat, and it may wake you up at night.

Shortness of breath from exertion or exercise. If your shortness of breath isn’t severe, you may notice it only when you are exerting yourself, and sometimes only during more intense exertion. The medical term for this symptom is dyspnea (say “DISP-nee-uh”).

When heart failure develops gradually, your shortness of breath also may develop gradually, which can make it hard to notice. But people with more severe heart failure may have shortness of breath with minimal exertion.

Shortness of breath while lying down. People with more severe heart failure may experience shortness of breath when they lie down. The medical term for this symptom is orthopnea (say “or-THAWP-nee-uh”). The severity of this symptom usually depends on how flat you are lying—the flatter you lie, the more you feel short of breath.

To gauge the severity of this symptom, doctors often ask people how many pillows they need to lie on to avoid feeling short of breath in bed. For example, “three-pillow” orthopnea is worse than “two-pillow” orthopnea, because you have less tolerance for lying flat.

The reason you may have orthopnea is that when you lie flat, the blood that ordinarily pools in the veins of your legs is reentering your bloodstream. If you have heart failure, your heart may not be able to keep up with the increased amount of blood returning to the heart, so fluid builds up inside the lungs and causes shortness of breath.

Shortness of breath while sleeping. Some people with heart failure wake up in the middle of the night with severe shortness of breath. The medical term for this symptom is paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND). This may occur with waking up coughing and/or wheezing, having a rapid heart rate, and a feeling of being suffocated.

In general, people who experience PND don’t feel increased shortness of breath when they first lie down. But after several hours of lying down, they awake with shortness of breath, which often occurs suddenly. People who experience PND often have to sit up on the side of the bed, and they may feel a need to open a window to get more air. The shortness of breath generally goes away after a few minutes of sitting up.

Being very tired (fatigue)

You might feel that:

  • You have less energy and feel more tired than usual.
  • You can’t exert yourself like you could before.

You might also have low exercise capacity. This can be harder to describe. It is a symptom that people with heart failure often don’t even notice because they have gradually reduced the level at which they exert themselves.

For example, they may stop walking up the stairs, or they may drive to the store instead of walking. Some people at first deny that they have been experiencing this symptom. It is only after doctors ask them about changes in their activities that they realize they have been avoiding physical exertion. This decrease in your ability to exert yourself physically is what doctors call low exercise capacity.

Swelling in ankles or feet

People with heart failure often experience swelling in their ankles or feet. You might notice that:

  • It gets worse at the end of the day or after you stand for long periods.
  • It hurts.
  • Pressure leaves impressions in your skin.
  • Shoes no longer fit.

The degree of swelling you experience depends on how well your body is compensating for heart failure and how much sodium and water your body retains. In some cases the swelling is mild and merely bothersome, while in other cases it can be severe and painful if the skin becomes taut and sensitive.

The medical term for this swelling in the legs is pedal edema—”pedal” refers to the feet and “edema” refers to the buildup of excess fluid. Heart failure often causes what doctors call “pitting edema,” meaning that applying pressure to the swollen skin leaves an indentation in the skin. Doctors often test for edema by pressing their thumb to the skin and seeing whether it leaves an impression. You may see this yourself if you take off your shoes and socks and find that your socks have left an impression in the skin of your ankles and feet.

You may notice more severe swelling if you have been eating too much salt, which causes your body to retain fluid. Elevating your feet or wearing supportive stockings can help relieve the swelling.

Sudden weight gain

Weight gain may be the first noticeable sign that you have developed heart failure or that your heart failure is getting worse. The amount of weight gained varies greatly among people with heart failure, and it reflects the amount of sodium and water the body has retained.

A sudden weight gain may mean that excess fluid is building up in your body because your heart failure is getting worse. It is a symptom of sudden heart failure.

Your doctor will probably ask you to weigh yourself every day. Know when to call your doctor if you suddenly gain weight.

Your doctor likely will work with you to manage changes in weight caused by fluid retention. For example, if you have a weight increase of 1 kg (2.2 lb), your doctor may recommend taking an additional diuretic that day.

Why your cough gets worse at night

What is a cold?

Dr Roger Henderson

Change your position

One of the functions of a cough is to remove mucus from our airways. Unfortunately, once we’re lying down, it makes it more likely that mucus will begin to collect in the back of the throat, meaning that we cough to clear the blockage.

The good news is that minor adjustments to our sleeping position can be very helpful. Try propping your mattress up slightly at the head end and let gravity do its work.

“The cough may also be due to acid reflux, where acid doesn’t stay in your stomach but comes up to the oesophagus,” explains GP Dr Toni Hazell. “It is worse lying flat as you don’t have the help of gravity to keep the acid down, and so is worse at night. In addition, if you suffer from asthma, this might cause a night cough.”

Combat dry air

Colder air tends to lack humidity, and whilst central heating might deal with the chill, it doesn’t add moisture to the air. This means that the air in your house may become dry during winter, irritating your nose and throat. As well as exacerbating a cough, dry air can irritate the skin and even cause static electricity in your clothing!

To counter dry air in the home, you can invest in a humidifier if you’re feeling flush. But a low-cost option is simply to place bowls of water around the home, particularly near radiators. The water will evaporate, adding moisture to the air.

Do some of the work

Whilst your cough may be driving you mad, it’s actually on your side. In keeping your airways clear by breaking up mucus, a productive cough could set you on the road to recovery.

The good news is that you can help to reduce coughing by taking on some of the work yourself. Make sure you blow your nose regularly rather than sniff, and try inhaling steam by placing hot water in a bowl or inhalator. There’s limited evidence steam makes a difference, although it’s safe (as long as you’re careful to avoid getting too close to get burnt in any way) and some people do find it helps. Getting that mucus to shift is one of the ways to reduce your need to cough.

Manage your allergies

If you suffer from allergies, it may be that the problem is in your bedding. Make sure you change your bedding regularly to minimise potential irritants such as dead skin cells and other nasties. Choose a pillow that is hypoallergenic and make sure you wash your bedding in a product suitable for allergy sufferers.

If your allergies are severe, it might be worth swapping your bedroom carpet for laminate flooring to ensure there are fewer places for dust and other debris to hide. Make sure you take any prescribed medication for your allergies and see your doctor if you feel that you might need to review any treatment.

Future-proof your night

Whilst you may not be able to eliminate night-time coughing altogether, it’s important that you minimise your risk by staying well hydrated. Having a hot, non-caffeinated drink before bed can help to soothe your throat and make you less prone to coughing when you begin to rest. Ginger tea is said to have anti-inflammatory properties, so may be a good choice; and some swear by adding a teaspoon of honey to their brew.

Visit your pharmacist

“If you have a simple cold then the best place to go is the pharmacy – there are all sorts of things you can buy over the counter, from antipyretics (to reduce a fever), decongestants, and sprays to soothe a sore throat to cough mixtures,” explains Hazell. “Simple honey and lemon used at home can also be very effective to soothe a tickly or dry cough. Honey and lemon is actually official NHS advice!”

When should I see a doctor?

It’s common to suffer from a cough or cold from time to time, and most of the symptoms won’t warrant a trip to the doctor. But there are times when a cough might start to become a concern.

“A cold will often last 2-3 weeks. In an otherwise healthy adult with a cough, sore throat, runny nose and achiness, I would usually then work on the basis that it’s a viral infection and advise them on over-the-counter medicines.

“However, it’s important to see a doctor if you have a chronic heart or lung condition; or any medical conditions/medications that impair the immune system,” explains Hazell. “Similarly, if you develop a very high temperature (40°+), are becoming dehydrated or delirious, are coughing up blood or increasing amounts of green phlegm, or if your symptoms get drastically worse or do not settle over 2-3 weeks, it’s time to contact the doctor.

The good news is that most coughs will go away on their own within a week or so. And taking steps to manage your symptoms – particularly at night – should help you get the rest you need.

How to Sleep Better with GERD & Acid Reflux

Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux, describes a backflow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus. Occasional episodes of reflux are normal, but when they occur regularly, they can have serious consequences and are known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

GERD is estimated to affect 20% of adults in the United States. Most patients with GERD experience an increase in the severity of symptoms, including heartburn, while sleeping or attempting to sleep. Beyond just heartburn, if stomach acid backs up as far as the throat and larynx, a sleeper may wake up coughing and choking or with major chest pain.

In addition to having troubling immediate symptoms, GERD can over time cause significant damage to the esophagus and raise a person’s risk of esophageal cancer.

Understanding GERD, including its symptoms, causes, and treatments can help people with this condition manage it more effectively. Because many people find GERD to be worse around bedtime, focusing on how to sleep with GERD may help reduce symptoms and improve sleep.

What Is GERD?

GERD is a condition marked by repeated episodes of reflux that affect quality of life.

Acid reflux, also known as acid indigestion, happens when stomach acid moves up from the stomach and into the esophagus. Under normal circumstances, muscles at the bottom of the esophagus — known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) — act as a barrier to prevent this from happening, but if those muscles are weak or relaxed and don’t close all the way, then reflux can occur.

Virtually everyone experiences reflux from time to time, but for most people, it is mild, infrequent, and goes away quickly on its own.

For people with GERD, on the other hand, acid reflux typically happens at least once per week and often involves more severe and bothersome symptoms. While it is usually thought of as affecting adults, it can occur in infants and children as well.

What Are the Symptoms of GERD?

Heartburn, which involves a painful burning sensation in the chest, is the most common symptom of GERD, but not all cases of GERD involve heartburn.

Another common symptom of GERD is regurgitation, which means a small amount of stomach acid and sometimes bits of food come up into the mouth or back of the throat.

When leaks of stomach acid rise to the mouth and throat, it can cause coughing and a feeling of choking. It may cause a sore throat, including a hoarse voice. Some patients experience difficulty swallowing, known as dysphagia, or the feeling of something blocking their throat.

On top of the discomfort from heartburn, GERD can cause radiating chest pain that can affect the neck, back, jaw, or arms and last for minutes to hours. This symptom is frequently associated with nighttime awakenings for people with GERD.

Why is GERD Worse After Going to Bed?

There are several explanations for why GERD is commonly worse at night after going to bed:

  • When lying down, gravity no longer helps keep stomach acid down, making it easier for reflux to occur.
  • Decreased swallowing during sleep reduces an important force that pushes stomach acid downward.
  • Saliva can help neutralize stomach acid, but production of saliva is reduced during deeper stages of sleep.

A combination of these effects can facilitate the leakage of stomach acid into the esophagus and allow the acid to remain in place for longer, potentially causing more severe GERD symptoms, including those that can disturb sleep. The problem may be even greater if a person goes to bed soon after eating and/or eats foods that trigger GERD.

What Are the Health Consequences of GERD?

Chronic reflux and GERD can cause serious complications. These include inflammation and ulcers of the esophagus, scar tissue that narrows the esophagus, spasms affecting the airway, chronic cough, damage to teeth, and exacerbated asthma symptoms.

In about 10-20% of cases of GERD, damage to the esophagus from stomach acid becomes a condition called Barrett esophagus. Barrett esophagus is considered to be the primary risk factor for esophageal cancer although not everyone with the condition develops cancer.

What Causes GERD?

The immediate cause of GERD is the inability of the muscles at the bottom of the esophagus to block reflux of stomach acid, but other underlying elements have been found to make that condition more likely.

These risk factors contribute to the chances of developing GERD. However, not everyone with these risk factors will develop GERD, and not everyone with GERD has these risk factors.

  • Obesity: GERD occurs at a higher rate in people who are overweight or obese although the exact explanation for why this occurs is uncertain.
  • Smoking Cigarettes: Smoking has been found to affect the pressure near the lower esophageal sphincter and may slow the clearance of stomach acid.
  • Drinking Alcohol: Alcohol impacts the processes for emptying the esophagus and stomach in ways that can facilitate acid indigestion.
  • Using Certain Medications: A number of medications, including many anti-asthma, blood pressure, antidepressant, and sedatives medications can increase the risk of reflux.
  • Hiatal Hernia: In this condition, the stomach moves upward inside the body, above the diaphragm and into a position that makes reflux more common.
  • Dietary Choices: Certain foods and beverages are often reported to induce heartburn or reflux. Examples include chocolate, tomatoes, spicy food, vinegar, citrus, fatty foods, carbonated beverages, coffee, and mint.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women often experience GERD, but their symptoms usually cease shortly after giving birth.

GERD is often cited as a cause of sleeping problems, including in the National Sleep Foundation’s 2001 Sleep in America Poll. In a more recent survey of people with frequent heartburn, nearly 60% said it affected their sleep, and more than 30% said it hurt their daytime functioning.

Flare ups of GERD symptoms after lying down can make it hard to fall asleep and can cause nighttime interruptions from heartburn, chest pain, and coughing. Studies in sleep clinics of people with GERD have found that these symptoms are correlated with lower sleep quality.

GERD and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Research has also identified a link between GERD and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep disorder that involves blockage of the airway that incites pauses in breathing during sleep. Debate exists among experts about whether GERD causes OSA, OSA causes GERD, or if they simply share similar risk factors.

It is possible that GERD affects the airway and ability to breathe normally, causing more apneas during the night. At the same time, people with OSA wake up frequently at night and may then detect GERD symptoms. Lack of sleep from OSA may make the esophagus more susceptible to reflux.

In addition, factors like alcohol consumption, smoking, and obesity can increase risk for both GERD and OSA, so the correlation between the conditions may be a result of these factors.

While the exact relationship between GERD and OSA is subject to further research, it is clear that the conditions can occur together and create significant complications for a person’s sleep, comfort, and overall health.

How Can People With GERD Get Better Sleep?

It’s natural for people with GERD to want to know how they can reduce their symptoms and get better sleep. Although there’s no single solution that works for everyone, there are meaningful steps to get relief from heartburn and GERD and get longer, more restorative sleep.

Work With a Doctor

It is important to see a doctor if you have chronic or severe symptoms of GERD and/or frequent problems with sleep or daytime drowsiness. Because these are complex medical issues, a doctor can best examine the situation, determine the potential cause, order necessary tests, and recommend treatment.

A doctor’s focus may be on addressing GERD directly or on treating an underlying condition, such as obstructive sleep apnea, with the goal of reducing nighttime awakenings.

Treatment options can include both medical and non-medical approaches. The following sections describe some of those treatments, but a doctor is best suited to discussing the pros and cons in any patient’s particular case.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes to reduce potential GERD triggers are a common aspect of managing the condition. Examples include reducing consumption of spicy and acidic foods, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking.

Since many GERD problems flare up at night, some lifestyle changes focus on tips for how to sleep with GERD.


Medications can be used to treat GERD and may be necessary because lifestyle changes don’t always resolve symptoms.

Over-the-counter medications like antacids can bring temporary relief but may be of limited effectiveness in many people. Other drugs, known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and h3 blockers, try to reduce acid produced in the stomach. These drugs may be available over-the-counter or with a prescription, but because they can have side effects, it’s best to talk with a doctor before taking them.

In rare cases when neither lifestyle changes nor medications have been effective, certain types of surgery may be considered to address GERD.

Improve Sleep Hygiene

People with GERD who want to sleep better may be helped by considering their sleep hygiene, which includes all of the elements that shape their sleep environment and sleep-related habits.

A high level of sleep hygiene can cut down on sleep interruptions and create more consistency in your nightly rest. Many tips for healthy sleep overlap with lifestyle changes for GERD such as avoiding excess caffeine and alcohol. A stable sleep schedule, a relaxing pre-bed routine, and a quiet and comfortable bedroom are other central components of sleep hygiene.

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Sleep and asthma | Asthma UK

Health advice > Living with asthma

Find out why asthma symptoms might happen at night, what you should do about them, and when to see your GP or asthma nurse.

On this page:

Why is asthma keeping me awake?

It’s common for asthma symptoms to come on at night, but you shouldn’t have to put up with them. Night-time asthma symptoms are a sign that your asthma isn’t well controlled, and you may be at risk of an asthma attack.

If your symptoms come on early in the morning, it could be a sign your asthma has been difficult through the night, even if you weren’t aware of it.

Here are some reasons why your symptoms may come on at night:

  • How you sleep – lying on your back puts extra pressure on your chest and lungs. This makes it harder to breathe. It can also trigger a cough because mucus in your nose can drip to the back of your throat. If you get acid reflux lying flat might make it worse, and the acid can irritate your airways. Propping yourself up with pillows can help to keep your airways open.
  • Side effects – some asthma medicines give you night-time side effects. Medicines like montelukast can cause sleep issues (in up to 1 in 100 people). Steroid tablets may also cause difficulty sleeping, so you may be advised to take them after food in the morning.
  • Triggers – you may find asthma triggers in the bedroom. For example, dust mites in your mattress, pillows and blankets, and pet hair and mould. If you are affected by hay fever, you may find pollen affects you at night because pollen levels are highest in the early morning and early evening.
  • Hot or cold air – breathing in hot air can cause the airways to narrow, so if your room is hot at night, try using a fan to keep cool. Cold air might also be triggering your symptoms. Try keeping windows closed and keep heating on low in the bedroom if you need to.

There is also evidence to suggest that a lack of sleep can make your asthma symptoms worse. If you’re struggling with sleep and it’s affecting your asthma, speak to your GP or asthma nurse.

What should I do when my asthma symptoms wake me up?

Sit up and take your reliever inhaler (usually blue) as prescribed. It’s a good idea to keep your inhaler and spacer (if you use one) beside your bed before you go to sleep, so you don’t have to search for them in the middle of the night.

“Give yourself a bit of time to check your reliever medicine has dealt with your symptoms before you go back to sleep,” says Dr Andy Whittamore, Asthma UK’s in-house GP.  “This is better than falling asleep straight away only to wake up soon after with asthma symptoms because your reliever didn’t help enough.”

People with asthma might experience stress and anxiety when feeling breathless at night. Some people find breathing exercises are beneficial when experiencing anxiety and panic.


Video: Asthma and your sleep

Dr. Andy Whittamore explains why you should book an appointment with your GP if your asthma is keeping you awake at night.

Transcript for Asthma and your sleep

We hear from a lot of people on our

helpline and on social media that asthma does

interrupt their sleep on a

regular basis. As a health care

professional I know that unfortunately,

this means that your asthma is not quite

as well controlled as it can be. And it’s

worth making appointment with your GP or

your practice nurse to see what we can

do to help relieve those symptoms and

actually improve your quality of sleep.

How to prevent asthma symptoms at night

Using your preventer inhaler every day, as prescribed, will build up protection in your airways and keep your asthma symptoms under control, so they’re less likely to wake you at night.

It’s very important to:

  • use your written asthma action plan to help you understand how to manage your symptoms and what to do if they get worse.
  • go for regular asthma reviews with your GP or asthma nurse. They can check you’re using your inhalers correctly. It’s also a chance to talk about any triggers that might be affecting your sleep.

Does your child wake up at night from asthma symptoms? Read our advice on asthma and your child’s sleep.

When to see your GP or asthma nurse


Visit your GP or asthma nurse

Book a next-day appointment with your GP or asthma nurse if you are experiencing asthma symptoms at night or when you first wake up.

Tips from other people with asthma

If your asthma is keeping you awake at night, you’re not alone. Here are some of the things that people with asthma tell us help them get a good night’s sleep:

  • Try a nasal spray or decongestants to unblock a stuffy nose (but test this out during the day first – some people find decongestant products containing eucalyptus trigger their asthma symptoms).
  • Keep as active as you can in the day to increase your lung strength and boost your immune system. Ask your GP or asthma nurse if you need support with exercise.
  • Try using anti-allergy bedding covers and keep pets away from the bedroom.
  • Try using an air purifier to help with allergy symptoms that trigger your asthma.
  • Avoid any food or drink asthma triggers close to bedtime, such as caffeine and alcohol.
  • Relax and de-stress before bed using breathing exercises and yoga.

Obstructive sleep apnoea is a breathing problem that happens when you sleep. If you’re looking for advice on OSA, our sister charity the British Lung Foundation has more information.

You can get advice and support about asthma and sleep by calling a respiratory nurse specialist on our Helpline, 0300 222 5800 (9am-5pm; Monday-Friday). Or you can WhatsApp them on 07378 606 728.


Last updated: August 2021
Next review due: August 2024

How Do You Know If You Have Sleep Apnea?

It’s easy to take for granted that you breathe consistently throughout the day. You don’t have to think about inhaling and exhaling, because the body has built-in functions that help to regulate the flow of oxygen into the lungs. But just because you can breathe easily during the day, doesn’t always mean that your airway is open and comfortable when you lay down to sleep at night.

If you are concerned about chronic snoring or sleep apnea, then you shouldn’t delay a visit to talk to an ENT about your health condition. These sleeping problems can be dangerous and should be treated as soon as possible.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is common and affects as many as one in 15 people. While sleeping, breathing patterns can be disrupted as the soft tissue in the mouth and throat relax, causing a person’s airway to collapse completely, their oxygen level to fall in their bloodstream, and then causing them to awaken enough to take a deep, gasping breath. Many times, the person doesn’t realize they have a problem since the symptoms of sleep apnea happens when they and their bed partner are asleep. But some tell-tale signs can let you know something may be off.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea in Adults

You might recognize a few of these symptoms in yourself. Or, talk to a sleeping partner or roommate to see if they notice any of these signs:

  • Snoring: Not only is snoring inconvenient for other people sleeping in the room, but loud snoring could be a sign of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea snoring can be differentiated from other types of snoring in several ways. People with sleep apnea tend to snore more loudly and consistently. The snores often have a choking sound with audible snorts, paired with frequent gasping for air between the snoring sounds.
  • Sleepiness (Hypersomnia): No matter how much you sleep at night, you wake up feeling tired and drowsy. If you have a hard time shaking the grogginess in the morning or you often fall asleep during the day, it could be an indication of sleep apnea.
  • Feeling Unwell: How do you feel when you wake up in the morning? Grogginess isn’t the only sign of sleep apnea. You might notice other general wellness concerns, such as a dry mouth and throat, sore throat, or headaches every morning.
  • Choking and Gasping: Have you ever woken up gasping for air or feeling short of breath? This choking feeling isn’t normal while sleeping.
  • Bathroom: Waking up frequently during the night to use the bathroom can be a sign of sleep apnea.
  • Insomnia: Some people have symptoms that disrupt sleep through insomnia, restlessness at night, or waking up frequently. These symptoms are more common in women than in men.
  • Mental Changes: Sleep apnea can affect cognitive function and mood. Watch for signs such as depression, anxiety, memory problems, or a loss of interest in sex.

You may be experiencing one or more of the above symptoms. If you suspect that you are experiencing sleep apnea, talk to a qualified doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea in Children

Children can experience some of the sleep apnea symptoms listed above. But sometimes unique symptoms are displayed in school-age children:

  • Behavioral issues, including poor attention span & hyperactivity
  • Learning problems, often showing in poor performance at school
  • Mouth breathing, while asleep or awake
  • Bedwetting
  • Breathing pauses while sleeping
  • Restlessness

Often, children don’t understand they are having problems sleeping, so they don’t talk about these symptoms. Parents can pay attention to their sleeping patterns, as well as general moodiness and other issues with sleep patterns.

Why You Shouldn’t Procrastinate About Sleep Apnea Treatment

Sleep apnea doesn’t seem to be disrupting your life too much, so why is it necessary to talk to an ENT about your symptoms? The truth is that untreated sleep apnea can lead to a variety of health complications. These resulting health issues include:

  • Heart diseases, such as heart attack, arrhythmia, or heart flutters
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Headaches
  • Diabetes (type 2)

Untreated sleep apnea could also increase the risk of traffic or work accidents during the day. For example, if you are drowsy because of poor sleep patterns, you could be involved in a traffic accident due to falling asleep while driving. The consequences of sleep apnea can be deadly.

Types of Sleep Apnea

The diagnosis is essential for treating the type of sleep apnea you are experiencing. This diagnosis will enable the ENT to design the right treatment plan for your situation. The two types of sleep apnea include Central Sleep Apnea and Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Central Sleep Apnea

Nerves play a role in how your diaphragm affects your breathing rhythm. If something disrupts the nerve function, it can have an impact on breathing patterns. The risk of Central Sleep Apnea increases in people with heart problems, or take opiate medications, or have experienced a stroke.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

This type of sleep apnea is the most common and occurs when there is a partial or complete blockage in the airway. The risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea increases for people over the age of 40, overweight, and male. The risk also increases due to family history and certain medical concerns, such as nasal obstruction, reflux (GERD), or a large neck and tonsils.

Obesity and Sleep Apnea

It has been found that obesity is the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity is an epidemic; as a result, sleep apnea is on the rise. If you are overweight and have any symptoms listed above, then an ENT doctor should be consulted right away.
Not only can an ENT assist with immediate treatment to help avoid the danger of sleep apnea, but you can also discuss lifestyle factors that can reduce your risk in the future. Weight loss should be an important part of your treatment plan and can have a positive impact on reducing the risk of other chronic health conditions as well.

Treatment Options for Sleep Apnea

Diagnostic tests might include a discussion about the symptoms of sleep apnea and/or sleep tests to measure various body functions while you are sleeping. These sleep tests can be used to gather data on breathing patterns, brain/heart/lung activity, blood oxygen levels, and arm/leg movements.

The recommended treatment will depend on the type of sleep apnea you are experiencing, as well as the severity of your condition. Obstructive Sleep Apnea is usually treated by an Ear, Nose, and Throat doctor. Central Sleep Apnea might require treatment through a cardiologist, pulmonologist, or neurologist to identify the cause and treatment options.

Commonly, a CPAP machine can be used to open your airway while sleeping. This machine is worn over the mouth and nose and delivers air while you are sleeping to keep the windpipe open.

Other treatment options might include dental appliances worn at night to reposition the jaw and tongue to keep the airway open. Lifestyle factors can also play a role in decreasing symptoms. For example, your ENT might recommend weight loss, changing your sleeping habits, and adjusting your sleeping position.

Regular consultations with your doctor are important in monitoring the effectiveness of your treatment plan. Adjustments can be implemented as necessary.

Talk to an ENT Near You about Sleep Apnea

Do you need to visit an Ear, Nose, Throat doctor for sleep apnea treatment? Often, a person schedules an appointment with an ENT specialist because a roommate or bed partner notices the disruptive sleep pattern. If you are having trouble breathing while sleeping, a consultation with a specialist can help. Sometimes, the recommendations to visit an ENT come from a doctor or cardiologist referral.

An ENT specialist is a great resource if you or someone you love is suffering from sleep apnea. If you are in the Dallas or Denton area, talk to our experienced team at Collin County Ear, Nose, and Throat. We offer comprehensive sleep apnea services and invite you to contact us to schedule an appointment. Our two convenient locations are available in Frisco and Plano, TX.

6 signs you have sleep apnea

Imagine if you had trouble breathing 30 times an hour while you were awake, causing you to lose your breath, choke and cough. You’d likely rush to your closest emergency room in a panic. For as many as one in 15 people, this is exactly what happens to them while they sleep. The condition is called sleep apnea, and it can lead to a range of serious health issues if left untreated.

Unfortunately, many cases do go untreated, simply because the person suffering from sleep apnea has no idea they’re dealing with such a serious medical condition.

“Many of our patients come in because a bed partner or roommate notices snoring and disrupted sleep,” explained Dr. Sreelatha Naik, Geisinger sleep physician. “However, many patients are referred to us by cardiologists and other specialists that recognize some of the effects of sleep apnea, such as heart disease and stroke. Recognizing the symptoms early can help you get treatment before the related health issues go from bad to worse.”

The common signs of sleep apnea

Although you may not know you have sleep apnea — since you’re sleeping or nearly sleeping when it happens — there are some clues that you should watch for:

  • Sleepiness: Waking up feeling tired no matter how much sleep you’ve had, feeling sleepy during the day and dozing off behind the wheel while driving.
  • Snoring: Very loud snoring that wakes up your bed partner.
  • Gasping and choking: Waking up feeling short of breath, gasping for air or with the sensation that you’re choking.
  • Feeling bad when you wake up: Morning headaches, dry throat and mouth, and a severely sore throat in the morning.
  • Difficulty sleeping: Waking up frequently, feeling restless at night and insomnia. This is especially a presenting symptom in women.
  • Cognitive and mood changes: Memory problems, anxiety, depression and loss of interest in sex.

There are two types of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

The most common of the two types, obstructive sleep apnea, is caused by a complete or partial blockage of the airway. Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea include being male, over 40 or overweight, and having a large neck and tonsils. People with gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), a family history of sleep apnea and nasal obstruction are also at risk.

Central sleep apnea occurs when the nerves that control the breathing rhythm fails to transmit signals to your breathing muscles. Those who are using certain opiate medications, have had heart failure, or have experienced prior stroke are at risk for more complex sleep apnea.

What happens if you have sleep apnea?

“Recognizing the type of sleep apnea and getting the proper treatment is very important,” said Dr. Naik. “Otherwise, it may cause a range of problems such as heart disease, stroke and even traffic accidents.”

Resulting health problems include:

  •  Heart failure
  •  Arrhythmia, such as AFib or heart flutters
  •  Heart attack
  •  Stroke
  •  High blood pressure
  •  Diabetes
  •  Headaches
  •  Cognitive issues

Treatment options vary depending on the severity of symptoms and type of sleep apnea. A CPAP machine, which delivers air through a mask worn over the nose or mouth to keep the windpipe open when you sleep, is the most effective form of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. Alternate treatments, such as dental devices worn during sleep to reposition the tongue and jaw, or nasal devices such as Provent Therapy, have demonstrated variable successes. Losing weight, changing your sleeping position and practicing good sleep habits are also beneficial.

Most surgical procedures have poor success in treating obstructive sleep apnea; however, one surgical procedure that is effective, but rather invasive, is called maxillomandibular advancement.

“Some people find a CPAP machine uncomfortable,” said Dr. Naik. “This may be the result of a more complicated breathing problem than obstructive sleep apnea, which can make it difficult to use a traditional CPAP. For this reason, it is extremely important to follow-up with your sleep physician for regular monitoring if you are on a CPAP. Advancing technology allows sleep physicians to track your breathing, including every breath you take while using the CPAP at home, through internet-based systems to help treat you better.”

If you think you have sleep apnea, talk to your doctor about the treatment option that may be right for you.

Dr. Sreelatha Naik, MD, is fellowship trained in sleep medicine, pulmonary medicine and critical care. She sees patients at Geisinger Wyoming Valley and Geisinger South Wilkes-Barre in Wilkes-Barre. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Naik or another Geisinger sleep physician, please call 570-275-6401 or visit Geisinger.org.

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90,000 Night cough – causes of occurrence, for what diseases it occurs, diagnosis and treatment methods


The information in this section cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication. In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, only the attending physician should prescribe diagnostic tests. For a diagnosis and correct treatment, you should contact your doctor.

Night cough: causes of appearance, for what diseases it occurs, diagnosis and methods of treatment.


Cough is a defense reaction of the body that ensures the removal of a foreign body or phlegm from the respiratory tract.

This reaction can occur in response to an inflammatory process, mechanical, thermal or chemical effects on cough receptors located in the nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, as well as due to irritation of sensitive endings (in inflammatory processes) of the pleura, pericardium, esophagus, stomach and some other organs.

One of the varieties of cough is a night cough, which causes discomfort, interferes with normal sleep, and reduces the quality of life of both the patient himself and those around him.

A night cough can be a symptom of many diseases and pathological conditions, so its timely diagnosis is very important.

Varieties of nocturnal cough

Depending on the nature of the sputum , the cough is divided into dry, or unproductive (with this type of cough, sputum does not come out, the cough does not bring relief) and wet, or productive (accompanied by sputum production, coughing up brings relief).

Sputum is a secretion in the form of mucus that forms in the cells of the bronchial mucosa.

Sputum is necessary to remove dust and microbes from the respiratory tract and bronchi that enter there during inhalation. Plus, this mucus contains immune cells that help fight germs.

According to the duration of cough, there are:

  • episodic cough;
  • short-term cough;
  • paroxysmal cough;
  • persistent cough.


  • acute – lasting less than 3 weeks;
  • chronic – lasts more than 8 weeks;
  • subacute – lasting from 3 to 8 weeks.

Possible causes of nocturnal cough

The physiological cause of a nocturnal cough can be cold or excessively dry air in the room, when inhaled, the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract is irritated and a reflex cough occurs.

Inhalation of various chemical irritants such as cigarette smoke can cause coughing at night.

Nocturnal cough can cause respiratory diseases of an infectious, viral or allergic nature.

Also, the cause of a night cough can be chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, leading to congestive heart failure.

In gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), there is a reflex irritation of the cough receptors, which can lead to coughing at night, especially when eating just before bedtime.

Diseases of ENT organs are also a common cause of nocturnal cough. In inflammatory diseases such as rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa) or sinusitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of one or more paranasal sinuses), a large amount of mucous discharge is formed, which flows into the lower respiratory tract, causing a cough reflex.

Diseases in which nocturnal cough occurs

  1. Acute respiratory diseases (ARVI, whooping cough, etc.).
  2. Respiratory tract infections (laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis).
  3. Allergy.
  4. Bronchial asthma.
  5. Chronic heart failure in adults.
  6. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
  7. Postnasal flow syndrome (diseases of ENT organs).

Which doctors should I contact with a nocturnal cough

If a nocturnal cough occurs, first of all, you should consult a general practitioner or family doctor, who, after a thorough history and physical examination, will refer the patient to additional laboratory and instrumental examinations and to specialist doctors, for example, ENT doctor, cardiologist, gastroenterologist, allergist-immunologist, etc.

Diagnostics and examinations for nocturnal cough

When a patient complains of a nocturnal cough, the doctor collects a detailed history, taking into account the patient’s complaints, finds out the duration of this condition, finds out whether it was preceded by a recent cold, whether the patient has chronic diseases respiratory or cardiovascular system, whether the patient has heartburn or a sour taste in the mouth. When coughing wet, attention should be paid to the color and viscosity of the sputum.

To identify the causes of a nocturnal cough, the doctor also needs to establish the presence of concomitant symptoms – fever, weakness, headache, shortness of breath, runny nose.

To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe the following examinations:

  • Clinical blood test with an expanded leukocyte formula to identify inflammatory changes in various infectious and allergic diseases.

How to relieve a night cough | How to calm a wet cough at night

Number of views: 604 852 Last updated: 29.10.2021

Why is a night cough dangerous?
How to relieve a nocturnal cough and relieve an attack?

Cough is in itself an unpleasant phenomenon that does not allow you to do your usual activities and significantly worsens overall well-being. But when this condition does not stop, day or night, the consequences can be much more serious than just feeling tired due to lack of sleep.


Coughing attacks occurring at night can cause many temporary and even permanent health problems.To understand how harmful this condition is to the body, you can cite only one of the complications: Will you like memory impairment, decreased visual acuity, impaired sense of smell? It would seem, what does a night cough have in common with the loss of such important functions as the ability to clearly see the world around us, remember information and smell? The relationship is more obvious than it seems at first glance: oxygen starvation and lack of rest in the main organ of the human body – the brain. In the dark, the brain must rest and recover the resources expended during the day.These processes are possible only in the process of deep sleep, into which the body is simply not able to immerse itself – it is constantly awakened by a cough. You will survive several such nights without consequences, but a prolonged dry or wet night cough sooner or later will lead to chronic fatigue of the brain with subsequent dysfunctions of its various areas. What to do if a night cough interferes with normal life?


Calming a night cough in a child or adult is not an easy task, but it can be done.By observing the recommendations listed below, you will significantly improve not only the quality of sleep, but also the recovery from an illness accompanied by a cough.

  • Take care of full nasal breathing. A stuffy nose makes you breathe through the mouth, which leads to dryness of the mucous membrane of the throat, sore throat and … the coughing attack repeats over and over again, as the body thus tries to moisturize the airways, pushing mucus from the bronchi.
  • Lower the room temperature. If your comfortable bedroom temperature is 22 degrees, lower it to 20. The lower the temperature, the higher the humidity in the air and the easier it is for you to breathe. But do not get carried away: an excessive decrease in degrees will have the opposite effect, and the cough will already begin due to spasms when inhaling cold air. Do not forget: during colds, bronchitis and other ailments, mucous membranes are very sensitive – use your own state of health as an indicator, and not just a thermometer.
  • Keep your feet warm. The feet and bronchi are far apart, but still within the same circulatory system. The warmer the legs, the more blood flow to them and, as a result, its outflow from the upper respiratory tract. This will help calm coughs by relieving swelling of the mucous membranes and making it more efficient for mucus to drain from the bronchi.
  • Warm, abundant drink. It is generally accepted that the consumption of a large amount of fluid makes sense only for viral diseases, which are accompanied by an increase in body temperature.But with a wet night cough, drinking plenty of fluids helps no less: the compotes and tea that you drink during the day reduce the viscosity of not only blood, but also other fluids, including mucus, which your bronchi are trying to push out during coughing attacks. Make it easy for them to work: don’t forget to drink more.
  • Do not eat at night. A full stomach is one of the provocateurs of a nocturnal cough even in a healthy person. Moreover, a late dinner can worsen the condition with bronchitis. Make sure that the last meal is no later than 2 hours before you take a horizontal position and the likelihood that a night cough interferes with sleep is significantly reduced.

You may also be interested in:

Barking cough in a child: causes, symptoms, treatment

What is a “barking cough” and why does it occur?

“Barking” is a cough that sounds similar to a dog barking. As a rule, it is dry, not accompanied by sputum separation. After an attack, spasmodic exhalation may occur.

The cause of this cough is swelling of the vocal cords, which makes the voice rough and hoarse.Doctors call this disease acute obstructive laryngitis, or croup. It can be true – in this case, the airways are narrowed due to the formation of plaque, in particular, with diphtheria – and also false. It develops most often as a result of a viral infection caused by respiratory viruses – influenza viruses, parainfluenza, adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial viruses and some other pathogens (1).

Occasionally a symptom occurs against the background of a bacterial infection, which, as a rule, is of a secondary nature – it develops as a complication of ARVI.However, sometimes the disease occurs due to a primary infection with Haemophilus influenzae, pneumococcus, staphylococcus, or streptococcus. This is acute epiglottitis, a potentially dangerous disease that requires immediate treatment (2).

Most often, croup occurs in young children: more than 50% of patients are children 2–3 years old. Infants and toddlers of 4 years old get sick a little less often, and occasionally the disease appears at the age of over 5 years (1).

What symptoms can a child have?

Croup usually begins with symptoms of a typical cold – fever, runny nose, sore throat, which last for 1-3 days.Symptoms of ill health appear suddenly, more often in the evening or at night. An attack of “barking” cough, shortness of breath, cause particular discomfort at night, disrupting the child’s sleep (1).

Due to inflammation and edema of the mucous membrane of the larynx, trachea, and sometimes bronchi against the background of an infectious-inflammatory process, narrowing of the airways may occur. Air hardly passes through the narrowed lumen of the larynx, inhalation and exhalation are difficult, which makes breathing noisy, and when inhaling, the wings of the nose may swell (1).

With further progression of inflammation and edema, the color of the skin may change: the child becomes pale, the skin around the lips and eyes may acquire a bluish tint, which intensifies during a coughing attack. Organs and tissues do not receive a sufficient amount of oxygen, oxygen deficiency occurs, which leads to the appearance of lethargy or, conversely, excitement (1).

Croup due to probable stenosis (narrowing) of the airways and the development of bronchospasm is considered a rather dangerous condition, therefore, when its symptoms appear, in particular, a “barking” cough, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Dry barking cough: how to treat?

Diagnosis is usually straightforward. When a “barking” cough is combined with hoarseness and shortness of breath, the diagnosis is croup. The doctor examines the baby, specifies the course of the disease, anamnesis, listens to the lungs, possibly measures the level of oxygen in the blood (saturation). X-ray confirmation is usually not needed to make a diagnosis of croup (1).

Treatment is prescribed depending on the clinical manifestations of the disease.In case of respiratory failure, bronchospasm, the doctor may prescribe drugs that reduce edema, reduce the severity of inflammation and alleviate the condition (1).

For dry cough, inhalation medications are widely used. Inhalation is carried out through a nebulizer, which ensures the penetration of the drug into the upper and lower respiratory tract. Due to the fact that the medicine almost instantly enters the inflammation zone, it is possible to achieve a quick effect and improve the baby’s condition within 15-30 minutes after inhalation (1).

How to stop a night cough or night cough treatments

It happens to everyone: the irritating sensation in the throat starts out as a tickle and then turns into a nighttime cough that keeps you awake. Or makes you wake up at night.

Coughing is the body’s way of eliminating irritants such as mucus, germs, mites and pollen from your lungs and airways. How to stop a night cough and why does it come?

Depending on the nature and factors of coughing, the ways to prevent coughing will be different for you and your child.

Use air filters and protect the bedroom from allergens

House dust mite allergies are a common cause of coughing.

Especially at night when a person comes into contact with dust mites that accumulate in bed and / or bed linen.

Dandruff of domestic animals can also settle here, which causes allergies.

There are several ways to protect your bedroom from ticks. Some of them are:

  • Use ALLERGIKA anti-allergic pillows, blankets, mattresses to prevent the appearance and growth of dust mites.
  • Wash bedding in hot water once a week.
  • Use HEPA filters in the bedroom.
  • Keep pets out of your bed or your bedroom.
  • If you have a carpet, vacuum it frequently with a HEPA filter.

Avoid cockroaches

The saliva, feces and body parts of cockroaches can also cause coughs and other allergy symptoms.

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, cockroaches are a common cause of allergic reactions and asthma attacks.

You can prevent cockroaches in your home:

  • Store food in the refrigerator or in airtight containers to keep insects away.
  • Do not keep piles of old newspapers and magazines in your home. They accumulate dust and create a shelter for cockroaches.

If cockroaches appear, destroy them with the help of means harmless to your health, for example, boric acid. However, the use of any chemistry must be agreed with a doctor.

Use a humidifier

Dry warm air can irritate the throat and respiratory tract. Some people start coughing when they turn on the heating in the winter. This is due to the fact that the air becomes drier.

In addition, accumulated air pollutants (dust, mites, fungal spores) can be released from batteries and other heaters and irritate the respiratory tract.

A humidifier that sprays small droplets of water to help keep the air in your bedroom moist.This will soften your throat and make you feel better.

Try honey

Honey dissolved in a hot drink can reduce the amount of mucus in the throat. Add two teaspoons of honey to herbal tea or viburnum tea, which is also a famous folk remedy for cough relief, and drink before bed.

However, honey should not be given to children under 1 year of age due to the potential risk of contamination with harmful bacteria.

Position your head higher while sleeping

Try tilting your head up to avoid coughing.It is often easier for irritants to reach the throat and provoke a cough while lying down.

Therefore, to avoid getting irritants in your throat, try propping up a few pillows, raising your head in this way.

Quit smoking

Chronic cough is a common side effect of long-term smoking.

If you quit smoking, your condition will not improve quickly, but over time, coughing, including nocturnal coughs, will go away.

Therefore, make every effort to get rid of the bad habit. There are special programs for smokers that a doctor can refer to. And not only will your cough go away, but your overall health will also improve.

Note the possibility of GERD

When you lie down, stomach acid flows more easily towards your esophagus, which is towards your throat. This condition is known as acid reflux – the discharge of stomach acid or the contents of the duodenum not into the intestine, but back towards the esophagus.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic pathology in which acid reflux occurs. Its most common symptom is heartburn.

The penetration of substances from the stomach and intestines into the esophagus is dangerous because they corrode the walls of the esophagus. And provoke a cough. Often it is at night when a person is lying down.

But there are some solutions to this problem. To reduce cough associated with GERD:

  • Avoid foods that cause GERD.It can be alcohol or carbonated drinks – the list can be different for each patient. Keep a food diary to understand which foods you are experiencing with GERD symptoms. Special smartphone apps come in handy to track your diet.
  • Avoid lying down for at least 2.5 hours after eating.
  • When you go to bed, raise your head 15-20 centimeters using pillows.


Bronchial asthma leads to narrowing of the airways and their inflammation.

Asthma attacks often occur at night, and a dry cough is a common symptom of the disease.

You may need an inhaler or nebulizer to control your asthmatic cough. Which device to choose should be prescribed by the allergist .

Sinusitis or other sinusitis

Mucus-filled sinuses can drain fluid down the back of the nose into the nasopharynx, especially when lying down.As the fluid drains away, it irritates the back of the throat and leads to coughing.

If a nighttime cough is caused by a medical condition such as rhinitis or sinusitis, it is best to see a doctor and get treatment.

The use of special Sinusalt nasal irrigation systems is very effective for cleaning the sinuses.


Your cough can also be caused by the common cold. It may become more intense at night or when you are just lying down.

Bed rest, chicken broth and time – this is all that modern doctors advise to defeat the common cold. However, to calm a severe cough, you may need special antitussives, which are used as directed by a doctor in adults and children from 6 years of age.

The systems already mentioned for rinsing the nose, as well as nasal drops and sprays, are also well suited. But the latter cannot be used uncontrollably and for a long time.

How to relieve a baby’s night cough

Water from a humidifier or steam sprayed in the baby’s room can help soothe a cough.In case of a barking cough, wheezing or shortness of breath, see a doctor immediately.

It is not recommended to take the child out onto the balcony during the cold season. Cold air exposure can make coughing worse if your child has asthma.

If the child is under 4 years old, do not give cough syrup. They cause phlegm to build up in the airways and can cause obstruction and shortness of breath in babies.

You should immediately seek help if a child’s cough is acute or wet and is accompanied by:

  • fever;
  • 90,031 vomit;

    90,031 fast or labored breathing;

    90,031 wheezing.

You should also call your doctor right away if your child’s cough ends in a “prickly” sound or is accompanied by green, yellow, or bloody sputum.

If you have a severe cough, see a doctor

Most coughs resolve on their own, but a severe nocturnal cough can be a sign of a serious illness.

For example, heart failure can cause a chronic cough that gets worse at night.

Respiratory diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) also cause severe chronic cough.

Less common causes of severe coughing are lung cancer and pulmonary blood clots.

Seek help for a cough and:

  • fever + 38 ° C or higher;
  • 90,031 breathing problems;

    90,031 shortness of breath;

    90,031 swelling of the legs and / or abdomen;

    90,031 wheezing;

  • green, yellow or bloody sputum;
  • if the cough persists for more than three weeks.

A case of neurogenic cough associated with irritation of the vagus nerve receptors as a result of unilateral vascular compression of its root

case presentation

Patient (age
60 years old), went to the hospital with complaints of an unproductive cough, which
cannot be stopped with drug therapy and continues
the last 15 years.The development of cough was not preceded by a viral rash or trauma,
no respiratory tract infection, no exposure to corrosive vapors. Patient
no history of allergies, bronchial asthma and gastroesophageal reflux
disease. At first, the cough was mild, but over time, attacks
coughs became more frequent, stronger and more prolonged. Sometimes the attacks were
so strong that the patient could faint or wake up at night from
cough. Coughing fits start spontaneously, but many activities
for example, exercise, singing, or laughing may have triggered it.According to
of the patient, there were no voice disturbances in the intervals between coughing episodes.
The patient did not experience a sore throat, sensation of constriction or spasm of the vocal
ligaments. The patient reported that the cough had a significant effect on his
working capacity: in 2016 he could not work due to a cough. V
In 2018, the intensity of cough decreased for several months, but then
aggravation began again. The patient had a history of angina pectoris.
The patient received three clopidogrel cardiostents.In 1962 and
1965 the patient underwent tonsillectomy and myringotomy. In 1977
year he quit smoking. All allergy tests and provocative test with
methacholine were negative. Patient’s pH meter was not possible
because of the strong reflex on the part of the pharynx. Dose pantoprazole therapy
40 mg and long-term antacid therapy also did not give positive
results. 10 years after the onset of coughing attacks, therapy was started
an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and ramipril for
arterial hypertension.After 3 months, therapy was discontinued due to lack of
positive results. Results of CT examination of the thoracic organs
cells without features. No deviations were found in the results
studies carried out after numerous consultations with specialists
(allergist, cardiologist, pulmonologist, otolaryngologist).

What is the most probable diagnosis based on the description of the clinical case?

  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Cough syndrome
    upper respiratory tract hypersensitivity
  • Neurogenic
    cough associated with irritation of vagus nerve receptors
  • Chronic
    hypersensitive pneumonitis


According to
the definition presented by Altman et al.in the latest review, neurogenic
cough is a chronic cough that lasts more than 8 weeks and the mechanism
the development of cough is not associated with external stimuli. This diagnosis is
a diagnosis of exclusion, which is made only after a complete
surveys that reduce the likelihood of other causes. According to the American
College of Chest Practitioners (ACCP),
among the possible causes of cough, it is necessary to consider bronchial asthma,
non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and
diseases of the sinonasal region.

In modern
theories of the etiology of neurogenic cough note a certain similarity of such a cough
with trigeminal neuralgia, therefore one of the possible causes of neurogenic
cough can be vascular compression of the root of the vagus nerve. The most frequent
trigeminal neuralgia is caused by compression of the trigeminal nerve
vessel. Drug therapy is usually given with drugs to treat
neuralgia, it is also possible to carry out neurosurgical intervention by the method
microvascular decompression.Surgical intervention
recommended for patients who are unable to take medications
drugs due to poor tolerance or the risk of side effects.
Drug therapy for neurogenic cough can be performed with amitriptyline,
tramadol and gabapentin. You can also use such an unconventional
approach like speech therapy. In some patients with neurogenic cough,
develop VANCOUVER syndrome (neurogenic cough associated with irritation
vagus nerve receptors as a result of unilateral vascular
compression of its spine).In the absence of a response to drug therapy
a positive result can be obtained when applying the method
microvascular decompression.

analysis presents a rare case of unilateral vascular root compression
vagus nerve in the brain stem, which led to the development
neurogenic cough. Previously, studies did not mention this etiology.
neurogenic cough. In the analysis of a clinical case, the features of the patient’s cough are described
and his response to multiple treatments, imaging results
research and surgery.A treatment model is also presented
this rare disease.

case history

The patient had a history of angina pectoris, for which there was
stenting of the coronary arteries was performed with the installation of three cardiostents with


Physical examination showed normal cranial nerves, lymphatic
nodes are not enlarged.According to the results of examination of the nasal cavity signs
no diseases of the sinonasal area were identified. It was held
laryngoscopic examination, the results obtained corresponded to the norm:
i.e. normal mucous wave, no neoplasms, normal
closure of the glottis with a slight discrepancy in the back,
normal mobility on both sides, without swelling or redness of the cricoid
areas or areas of the arytenoid cartilage, without hyperfunction of the supra-lingual muscles.The Cough Severity Index (CSI) score of 1 was 20 out of 40, and the quality of life score was
on the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) 2 was 93 points out of 133. Symptom Index
reflux index (RSI) and Voice Impairment Impact Index (VHI) were normal and
were 11/45 and 0 / 40.4, respectively.


Trial therapy with carbamazepine 200 mg was started
1 time / day, a week later the dose was increased to 200 mg
2 times / dayIn the second week of therapy, there was a significant decrease in
frequency and intensity of coughing attacks (80%). However, due to
serious side effects of carbamazepine (emotional instability,
suicidal moods, etc.), the drug had to be stopped, which
led to an exacerbation of coughing fits. According to the results of the psychiatric
consultation, there were no signs of depression after discontinuation of carbamazepine. except
there was no evidence of past psychopathy, feigned illness, or
conversion disorder.From trial therapy with gabapentin and amitriptyline
refused based on the results of the first trial therapy. Recent experience
researchers who managed to find a relationship between cough caused by hemi-laryngopharyngeal
spasm, and vascular compression of the vagus nerve root, prompted them
conduct an MRI of the patient’s brain. On a pulse train
spin echo revealed unilateral vascular compression of the vagus root
nerve in the brainstem on the left.The cessation of coughing fits is almost
8 hours were achieved with the help of inhalations of humidified air with nebulized
lidocaine concentration of 1% at a dose of 5 cm3. Unilateral
blockade of the superior laryngeal nerve (first on the left, and after 1 week on the right) is not
gave a positive result. The results of the neurological examination of the lower
parts of the brain stem on the left confirmed the presence of severe compression
the root of the left vagus nerve loop of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA).

An intervention was performed using the microvascular method
decompression. During the intervention, the posterior inferior cerebellar artery
moved away from the vagus nerve and secured in the anteromedial position using
Teflon and Tisseel bio-glue. In the recovery room, the patient had
coughing fits, but after a few hours the cough disappeared. The patient could loudly
speak and even sing without coughing. Within a year after the intervention in the patient
there are no coughing fits that bothered him earlier.Patient
there is a significant improvement in assessments of the quality of life (which corresponds to
the maximum LCQ scores) and the severity of the cough (which corresponds to
minimum CSI scores). Signs of postoperative dysphonia
limb dysmetria, dysphonia or dysarthria were absent. results
laryngoscopy performed 6 weeks after the intervention,
testified to the normal functioning of the vocal cords.


This case report presents a rare condition with
which vascular compression of the vagus nerve root caused the development of
chronic unproductive neurogenic cough.In the treatment of cough was obtained
good response to drugs for neuralgia, but no response to
antireflux drugs, speech therapy, antibiotics, and psychotherapy. Degree
the severity of the cough gradually progressed, with periods of improvement
and aggravation as in trigeminal neuralgia. Confirmation of the diagnosis
in this rare disease, MRI results will serve as evidence of
vascular compression of the vagus nerve, a positive response to unilateral
blockade of the vagus nerve.The disease is treatable, however,
neurosurgical interventions near the brain stem is associated with significant

This case provides a preliminary understanding of the symptoms and pathophysiology.
this rare disease. However, to confirm the results obtained
further investigation of the case series is needed. A disease that does not
is treatable with numerous drugs, and the lack of
history of mental disorders reduces the likelihood of getting observed
results due to the placebo effect.There is a need for special
a test that would differentiate patients with chronic cough
other etiology from patients with cough caused by accidental contact of a vessel with
the root of the vagus nerve. Sequential unilateral proximal
a vagus nerve block may be a valid diagnostic test. Temporary
cessation of cough after unilateral vagus nerve block with the same
the side (but not the opposite), where the MRI revealed vascular
compression, can serve as the test of choice in the diagnosis of VANCOUVER syndrome.V
in this case, to reduce the severity of symptoms, unilateral
ventilation of the bronchi with lidocaine and unilateral blockade of the upper laryngeal
nerve. The diagnosis could be confirmed by a positive response to unilateral
blockade, however, a negative answer does not exclude the possibility of a diagnosis.

Prior to the intervention, the patient had a clear understanding that
after decompression of a vessel pressing on its left vagus nerve,
the cough may not go away.Postvascular compression of the trigeminal nerve,
focal demyelination at the site of compression could cause ephaptic transmission
signal from nerve fibers that transmit touch (Aβ) to fibers,
transmitting a signal of acute or burning pain. Tracheobronchial sensory
and laryngeal afferents are transmitted to the brain stem through the vagus
nerve. Similarly, compression of the vagus nerve could cause ephaptic
transmission from nerve fibers carrying information from non-cough receptors to
fibers carrying information from cough receptors.Except 80% of sensory
nerve fibers, the vagus nerve also has motor fibers. If at
an efaptic transmission of an electrical signal that travels along the vagus nerve,
gets into the motor nerve fibers, then the patient may develop a cough and
hemi-laryngopharyngeal spasm.


The results of the analysis of this clinical case indicate the need for
consider the likelihood of unilateral vascular compression of the vagus nerve in patients
with a drug-resistant, unproductive cough.This analysis also provides a preliminary idea of ​​the symptoms,
pathophysiology and treatment of this rare disease.

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Evgeny Komarovsky: a child needs an adequate mother – Analytics

4 reasons for coughs and runny noses that are so “dear” to our children – viruses, allergies, bacteria, colds.ARI is not treated. ARI is just a term …
There is such a microorganism as a virus, which is almost impossible to influence. There is no medicine that kills the virus! 99% of all children’s “cough-snot-high temperatures” are acute respiratory viral infections. Respiratory, therefore, associated with the respiratory tract. When we started sneezing, coughing, our voice was hoarse and snot ran – this means that an inflammatory process has arisen. Most often, this inflammatory process is caused by viruses, less often bacteria: staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli.So these bacteria can also cause a runny nose and a cough, but there are already advantages to a bacterial infection – it is treated with antibiotics.
There are 4 different reasons why a cough and a runny nose can appear – viruses, allergies, bacteria, colds. Very often, when a child starts coughing or sniffing, you and I do not know: “which of the four” is to blame? This requires a doctor to diagnose. And for these situations, the abbreviation “ORZ” was invented. When we “treat” acute respiratory infections, we must understand that acute respiratory infections cannot be treated.For the simple reason that this is not a disease, not a diagnosis, but a term that we use until we know what exactly has overtaken.
99% of all acute respiratory infections are viral infections. The virus will kill the Spartan!
However, we must know that 99% of all ARIs are viral infections. Viruses circulate in the air, from one person to another they are transmitted by airborne droplets. And here lies one of the most interesting rules that underlies the epidemiology of viral infections. The essence of this rule is that viral particles retain their activity for hours in dry, warm and still air and instantly, in a split second, they lose it in cold, humid and moving air.That is, in the summer, the ARI season ends not because the viruses go somewhere, but because we are finally opening the vents. As soon as air movement appears, the active number of infections decreases many times. If the room is warm, dry and never ventilated, it is impossible to prevent the spread of infection. If we have a kindergarten in which 20 snotty children crawl on the same carpet, where it is +26 degrees, and no one knows what humidity is. It’s also -2 on the street and it turns out it’s terrible weather and you can’t walk.Children in this kindergarten will never stop getting sick. I would love to visit a kindergarten, where there are thermometers and hydrometers, where the bedrooms are + 18-19 degrees, by the way, in Germany the required temperature in such institutions is + 16. Where children will eat when they want, and not when they should. Where they will walk barefoot, where educational games will only be in the air, where there will be no accumulators of dust.
Acute respiratory viral infection does not require drug treatment. Mom’s psyche needs them …
Why do children often get viral infections? They find where to get them – this time.Second. Children do not have immunity to them, but adults do. Therefore, whether we want it or not, the child will snot regularly. Now there is a very interesting statistic: American insurance companies believe that a normal child cannot, but … should have ARI from 6 to 12 times a year. At the same time, the mother is meekly paid sick leave if she is insured, but the treatment is not paid. For! According to most pediatricians, if it is an acute respiratory viral infection, then it does not need medication treatment.It is infinitely difficult for us in the post-Soviet space to come to terms with this. A dad with snot can walk for years, can work with a temperature of 38 and nothing! But if the child has “snot-cough”, then the principle “must do something!” becomes dominant. And I would like to draw your attention to the fact that quite often “snot-cough” are less dangerous for a child than drugs that are used to treat coughs and snot.
The huge problem is that a viral infection can cause complications. Complications from a common viral rhinitis can be purulent otitis media and pneumonia.These complications are already caused by bacteria, which are treated with antibiotics.
There is a sad popular misconception that if we do not prescribe an antibiotic in time for a viral infection, then we will have pneumonia. Nevertheless, medical science has given the answer to this question for a long time. About 30 years ago … And everything became clear to everyone – antibiotics do not have a prophylactic effect in viral infections! Antibiotics are used prophylactically in surgery and plague epidemics, for example.But when your child has snot, giving him an antibiotic is wrong. A lot of notes from the audience on the topic that antibiotics are prescribed for acute respiratory infections. Yes, they do, because there is no doctor who did not listen to the lecture on how bad he is and did not prescribe antibiotics on time. You must clearly understand what causes complications. What determines how the viral infection will proceed.
Gateway Killing Infection
The main thing is as follows. When there is an inflammatory process in the nose, in the throat in the bronchi, how does the body react? It produces mucus: snot, phlegm.It contains a huge amount of substances that kill viruses. This is called local immunity. In general, the child will get sick often and does not really depend on this. Billions of billions of viruses enter our nose every day, but we do not get sick, because these viruses come into contact with the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and die on the spot. This is the local immunity system. If the virus was able to pass through the viral immunity system, then the body begins to react, and there are changes in the general state of the whole body, a clinical blood test.At the heart of local immunity, mucus is a gateway that kills infection. And here the main rule is that mucus can kill an infection only when it is liquid. Liquid snot kills the infection, dry snot is the environment where the infection multiplies. Now let’s see what happens to our children when they just live, do not even get sick. Dry air is the norm for the environment. Children with stuffy noses run, yell, their mouths dry out. It is warm and dry in kindergarten, at home it is the same. Output? Do it yourself.How to reduce morbidity globally?
Not to raise the allegedly impaired immunity, but to do everything so that there is no factor that damages this immunity. And if dust, car exhaust, household chemicals, carpets, animals are added to the dry air, then a poor child can no longer stand all this. Dry air is a real problem that really needs to be dealt with. Globally, the incidence can be reduced by paying attention to what is happening in children’s groups. Ensure that kindergartens and schools are humidified and ventilated.To keep humidity and temperature under control. So that when the bell rang, for recess all the children were kicked out of the class and the room was ventilated. And you can do all this.
But you still have to do something. Do not feed. Give it to drink. Ventilate …
Nevertheless, when your child’s snot started running, something still needs to be done. Fever, a runny nose are the body’s ways of fighting, but all this greatly interferes with life. Liver! This is the main organ of the immune system. The main organ that synthesizes proteins.The very same immunoglobulins that protect the body from infection. But! Attention! The greater the load on the liver with food, the less its ability to synthesize immunoglobulin. The main rule for treating a child with acute respiratory infections is not to feed him until he cries out: “Mom, I’ll eat you.” This is very difficult to understand! Because when a child gets sick, whole round dances of grandmothers and mothers go around him asking him to eat at least a spoon.
If you feed, then the food should be easily digestible, no meat, no fatty broths.Food. Now, drinking plenty of fluids is the second most important rule of treatment. Will the mucus be thin or thick? It depends on two factors: what the temperature and humidity will be in the room and how much he will drink. All destroyed bacteria, viruses, toxins are excreted in the urine. The third is the air that the child breathes. Warm and dry, it means there will be a lot of complications.
So there are three main rules in the treatment of acute respiratory infections – a minimum of food, a maximum of drinking, clean, cool moist air.
If he doesn’t drink? Here the question is tough, or you give him a drink, or go to a dropper – no options! What happens often? The doctor comes home and sees a child with a temperature of 38, in a dry, hot room, and he already knows that this child will be in the hospital tonight.He also knows that if the child is drunk, check the room where he is and moisturize it, everything will be fine. But the doctor doubts very much: do you have enough understanding of what exactly this should be done? It’s easier for him to send you to the hospital right away, so as not to be guilty. Half of the referrals to the hospital are due to the fact that the doctor and mother cannot agree: the doctor does not know your abilities, and you do not know what to do at all. So I want you to understand. When a child gets sick, it’s not important to send dad to the pharmacy.The main thing is to immediately start treating the child. Only treatment is not a pill, you must immediately put it on warmly, turn on the air humidifier, close the battery, because sleeping well is healthy at + 20 degrees, and with ODS it is better to + 18. Of course, in no case should the child freeze. What else? Boil a bucket of compote. Let the tea, mineral water, whatever you want. If only he drank, he agrees to drink.
How to give drink to someone who, in principle, is difficult to persuade and motivate (if he is 5 months old, for example).A disposable syringe is taken: one holds the child, the other pours, but not directly, but onto the inner side surface of the cheek. The child yells and spits, and you flood. And exactly 5 minutes later, he realizes that it is easier to swallow than to spit. But you must clearly understand: yes, we are committing violence, but for the good of the child. Yes, this is the basis of pedagogy: we forbid them, we force them, but we have nowhere to go. Or sit, cry with a five-month-old baby with a temperature of 40 and wait for him to have cramps from the temperature and dehydration … But you will be democratic …
When a child gets sick, believe us, we have something to do: wash, ventilate, cook, drink, wash again, drink, ventilate.But! For some reason, mentally it is considered that this is not a cure! Treatment is when dad rushed to the pharmacy and brought something unusual red and it says that it is for immunity and everything … And when you give this to your child, you feel like full-fledged mothers. And if the doctor came and said: so! do not feed, water, moisten, ventilate – turned around and left – then this is not a doctor! “You give,” the mother will say, “a doctor who will send you for a consultation, make you pass 150 tests, scream” oh-oh-oh, something is wrong here, “and let them listen to you in the hospital.”This is a doctor!
The cause of pneumonia. Actually, it’s you – mom …
When a child has pneumonia, the last person to blame is the person who came to listen to him. Inflammation of the lungs arose from the fact that you did not drink, moisturize, ventilate, or replace the loss of fluid.
For the cause of pneumonia is when a lump of mucus dries up in the lungs, which blocks the bronchus and stops normal ventilation. Microbes settle there, and inflammation begins.When the mucus is dry in the sinuses. It will be what? Sinusitis! When the mucus has dried in the tube between the ear and nose. Otitis. When the mucus is dry in the larynx. Croup! When in the bronchi. Bronchitis! When the mucus blocks the bronchus, it will be pneumonia. What causes mucus to dry out? We already know how to help a child.
Mucus has dried up in the lungs and the child is coughing. What’s this? Bronchitis. What causes bronchitis? Viruses! That is, 98% of bronchitis are viruses. But I’m talking about childhood bronchitis. Therefore, 98% of bronchitis should not be treated with any antibiotics.If mucus has dried in the lungs and the patency of the bronchi is impaired, this is called obstructive bronchitis. Which means this baby has sensitive airways and excess mucus. Excess! Children tend to have a lot of mucus. And quite often children are treated with expectorants that increase the amount of mucus. If a child coughs dryly, in order for him to start coughing wet, what should be done? Moisturize, ventilate, water, and do not give a lazolvan pill.
And therefore the main thing I would like to emphasize in the elimination of “snot and cough”: a mother can sometimes do much more than a doctor.Normal, adequate mom …

90,000 Ruslan and Lyudmila (Poem) – Pushkin. Full text of the poem – Ruslan and Lyudmila (Poem)


For you, the soul of my queen,
Beauties, for you alone the correct one I wrote;
Accept my playful work!
No one demanding praise,
I’m happy with the sweet hope,
That a maiden with a thrill of love
Looks, perhaps, secretly
At my sinful songs.

Song of the first

A green oak near the seaside,
A golden chain on an oak tree:
And day and night, a scientist cat
Everything walks around in a chain;
Goes to the right – the song starts,
To the left – says a fairy tale.

There are miracles: there a goblin wanders,
A mermaid sits on the branches;
There, on unknown paths
Traces of unseen animals;
Hut there on chicken legs
Stands without windows, without doors;
There the forest and the valley are full of visions;
There, at dawn, waves will rush
On the sandy and empty bank,
And thirty beautiful knights;
Sequentially from the waters come clear,
And with them their uncle the sea;
There the prince in passing
Captures the formidable king;
There in the clouds in front of the people
Through the forests, across the seas
The sorcerer carries the hero;
In the dungeon there, the princess grieves,
And the brown wolf faithfully serves her;
There is a stupa with Baba Yaga
Goes, wanders by itself;
There, Tsar Kashchei languishes over gold;
There is a Russian spirit … there it smells of Russia!
And there I was, and I drank honey;
By the sea I saw a green oak;
I was sitting under him, and the scientist cat
He told me his tales.
I remember one thing: this fairy tale
Now I am telling the light …

The affairs of bygone days,
Legends of deep antiquity.

In a crowd of mighty sons,
With friends, in a high gridnitsa
Vladimir-sun was feasting;
He married the youngest daughter
For the brave prince Ruslan
And honey from a heavy glass
He drank for their health.
Not soon our ancestors ate,
Not soon moved around
Ladles, silver bowls
With boiling beer and wine.
They poured joy in their hearts,
Foam hissed at the edges,
Their important cups were worn
And bowed low to the guests.

Speech merged into indistinct noise;
The guests are buzzing with a merry circle;
But suddenly a pleasant voice rang out
And a fugitive sound of the ringing gusli;
Everyone fell silent, listening to Bayan:
And the sweet singer glorifies
Ludmila-charm, and Ruslana,
And Lelem’s wreath twisted by him.

But, exhausted with passion ardent,
Does not eat, does not drink Ruslan in love;
He looks at his dear friend,
Sighs, gets angry, burns
And, pinching his mustache with impatience,
Counts every moment.
In despondency, with a gloomy brow,
At a noisy, wedding table
Three young knights are sitting;
Silent, behind an empty ladle,
Forgotten the circular cups,
And brushna is unpleasant to them;
Do not hear the prophetic Bayan;
They lowered their embarrassed look:
Those are three rivals of Ruslan;
In the soul, the unfortunate conceal
Love and hate poison.
Odin – Rogdai, a brave warrior,
Sword pushed the limits of
Rich Kiev fields;
Another – Farlaf, the arrogant shouter,
At feasts, not defeated by anyone,
But a modest warrior among swords;
The last, full of passionate thought,
Young Khazar Khan Ratmir:
All three are pale and gloomy,
And a merry feast is not a feast for them.

Here it is finished; stand in rows,
Mingled in noisy crowds,
And everyone looks at the young:
The bride lowered her eyes,
As if her heart was depressed,
And the joyful groom was shining.
But the shadow embraces all nature,
Already close to midnight deaf;
Boyars, dozing off from honey,
With a bow, they went home.
The groom is delighted, intoxicated:
He caresses in imagination
The shy virgin beauty;
But with a secret, sad emotion
Grand Duke blessing
Grants a young couple.

And now the young bride
They are leading to the marriage bed;
The lights have gone out … and Lel lights the night
Sweet hopes have come true,
Gifts are being prepared for love;
Jealous clothes will fall
On the carpets of Tsaregrad …
Do you hear the whisper in love,
And the sweet sound of kisses,
And the interrupted murmur of
The last timidity ?…. Spouse
Delight feels beforehand;
And then they came … Suddenly
Thunder struck, the light flashed in the fog,
The lamp goes out, the smoke runs,
Everything was dark all around, everything trembled,
And the soul in Ruslan froze …
Everything was silent. In the terrible silence
A strange voice sounded twice,
And someone in the smoky depths
Soared blacker than the misty mist …
And again the tower is empty and quiet;
The frightened groom gets up,
Cold sweat is rolling from his face;
Trembling, with a cold hand
He asks the mute darkness …
Oh grief: there is no dear friend!
Grabbing air, it is empty;
Lyudmila is not in the thick darkness,
Kidnapped by an unknown force.

Ah, if the martyr of love
Suffers hopeless passion;
Though it is sad to live, my friends,
However, it is still possible to live.
But after long, long years
Hug a girlfriend in love,
Desires, tears, longing object,
And suddenly a minute spouse
Forever to lose … oh friends,
Of course, I’d rather die!

However, the unfortunate Ruslan is still alive.
But what did the Grand Duke say?
Struck down by a terrible rumor,
Infuriated with anger at his son-in-law,
He and the court he convenes:
“Where, where is Lyudmila?” – asks
With a terrible, fiery brow.
Ruslan does not hear. “Children, friends!
I remember the previous services:
Oh, have mercy on the old man!
Tell me, which of you is willing to
To chase my daughter?
Whose feat will not be in vain,
Tom – torment, cry, villain!
I could not save my wife! –
To Tom I will give her as a wife.
With half the kingdom of my great-grandfathers.
Who will be called, children, friends? .. “
” Me! ” – said the sad groom.
“I! I am!” – exclaimed with Rogdai
Farlaf and joyful Ratmir:
“Now we saddle our horses;
We are glad to travel all over the world.
Our Father, let us not prolong the separation;
Do not be afraid: we are going after the princess. ”
And with gratitude the mute
In tears, stretches out his hands to them
The old man, tormented by longing.

All four go out together;
Ruslan was killed by despondency;
The thought of the lost bride
He is tormented and dead.
They sit on zealous horses;
Happy along the banks of the Dnieper
Fly in the swirling dust;
Already hiding in the distance;
The riders are no longer visible …
But for a long time he is still looking
The Grand Duke in the empty field
And the thought flies after them.

Ruslan languished in silence,
And lost the meaning and memory.
Over his shoulder, looking haughtily
And with an important hand, Farlaf,
Pouting, drove after Ruslan.
He says: “I’ve made violence.
I have escaped free, friends!
Well, will I soon meet the giant?
Already the blood will flow,
Already the victims of jealous love!
Have fun, my trusty sword,
Have fun, my zealous horse! ”

Khazar Khan, in his mind
Already embracing Lyudmila,
Barely dancing over the saddle;
Young blood plays in him,
The eyes are full of hope of fire:
Then he gallops at full speed,
That teases the dashing runner,
Spins, rears up
Or boldly rushes up the hills again.

Rogdai is gloomy, silent – not a word …
Fearing an unknown fate
And tormented by vain jealousy,
All the more worried he is,
And often his terrible gaze
Darkly directed at the prince.

Opponents on the same road
Everyone drives together all day.
Dnieper the sloping coast became dark;
From the east a shadow is pouring into the night;
Fogs over the deep Dnieper;
It’s time for their horses to rest.
Here is a wide path under the mountain
A wide path crossed.
“Let’s get parted, it’s time! – They said, –
We will trust the fate of the unknown. “
And each horse, not feeling the steel,
Voluntarily chose the path for himself.

What are you doing, unhappy Ruslan,
Alone in the desolate silence?
Lyudmila, wedding day is terrible,
Everything, it seems, you saw in a dream.
Pulling a brass helmet over your eyebrows,
Leaving the bridle from powerful hands,
You walk between the fields,
And slowly in your soul
Hope dies, faith dies out.

But suddenly there is a cave before the knight;
There is light in the cave. He goes straight to her
Goes under the dormant arches,
The same age as nature itself.
He entered with despondency: what is he looking at?
An old man is in the cave; clear view,
Calm look, gray hair;
The lamp in front of him is lit;
He sits at an ancient book,
Reading it attentively.
“Welcome, my son! –
He said with a smile to Ruslan. –
Already twenty years I have been here alone
I will fade in the darkness of old life;
But at last he waited for the day
Long foreseen by me.
We are brought together by fate;
Sit down and listen to me.
Ruslan, you have lost Lyudmila;
Your strong spirit is losing strength;
But a quick moment will rush through evil:
For a while, fate befell you.
With hope, cheerful faith
Go to everything, do not be discouraged;
Go! with a sword and a bold chest
Make your way at midnight.

Find out, Ruslan: your offender
The terrible wizard Chernomor,
Beauties a longtime kidnapper,
Full-night owner of the mountains.
Nobody else has entered his monastery
Hitherto did not penetrate the sight;
But you, the destroyer of evil wiles,
You will enter into it, and the villain
Will perish by your hand.
I shouldn’t tell you anymore:
The fate of your future days,
My son, in your will henceforth. “

Our knight fell at the old man’s feet
And in joy he kisses his hand.
The world shines in his eyes,
And his heart has forgotten the torment.
He revived again; and suddenly again
On the flushed face of a rupture …
“The reason for your melancholy is clear;
But sadness is not difficult to disperse, –
The old man said, – You are terrible
Love of a gray-haired sorcerer;
Calm down, know: it is in vain
And the young maiden is not afraid.
He brings the stars from the sky,
He whistles – the moon will tremble;
But against the time of Law
His science is not strong.
Jealous, quivering keeper
Locks of merciless doors,
He is only a weak tormentor
His lovely captive.
Around her, he silently wanders,
Curses his cruel lot …
But, good knight, the day is passing,
And you need peace.

Ruslan lays down on soft moss
Before a dying fire;
He seeks to be forgotten by sleep,
Sighs, slowly turns …
In vain! Vityaz finally:
“Something is not sleeping, my father!
What to do: I am sick in soul,
And sleep is not a dream, how sick it is to live.
Let me refresh my heart
Your holy conversation.
Forgive me the insolent question.
Open yourself: who are you, blessed,
Fate, incomprehensible confidant?
Who brought you into the desert? ”

Sighing with a sad smile,
The old man answered: “My dear son,
I have forgotten my distant homeland
Gloomy land. Natural Finn,
In the valleys, one known to us,
Chasing a herd of villages around,
In my careless youth, I knew
Some dense oak forests,
Streams, caves of our rocks
Yes, wild poverty of fun.
But to live in a gratifying silence
It was not given to me for long.

Then near our village,
Like a sweet color of solitude,
Lived Naina. Between girlfriends
She thundered with beauty.
One morning in the morning
My flocks on a dark meadow
I drove, blowing bagpipes;
There was a stream in front of me.
One, young beauty
Wove a wreath on the shore.
I was attracted by my destiny …
Ah, knight, that was Naina!
I go to her – and a fatal flame
For a daring look I was a reward,
And I learned love with my soul
With her heavenly joy,
With her tormenting longing.

Half a year ran away;
I opened up to her with trepidation,
Said: I love you, Naina.
But my timid sorrow
Naina proudly listened,
Only loving her charms,
And indifferently answered:
“Shepherd, I do not love you!”

And everything is wild to me, it became gloomy:
Native bush, shadow of oak trees,
Cheerful games of shepherds –
Nothing comforted the melancholy.
In despondency, the heart was dry, sluggish.
And finally I decided
Leave the Finnish fields;
Unfaithful depths of the seas
Swim across the fraternal retinue
And earn abusive glory
Naina’s proud attention.
I have summoned the brave fishermen
Seek out dangers and gold.
For the first time the quiet land of the fathers
Heard the abusive sound of damask steel
And the noise of non-peaceful shuttles.
I sailed into the distance, full of hope,
With a crowd of fearless fellow countrymen;
We are ten years of snow and waves
Crimson with the blood of enemies.
The rumor rushed: the kings of the foreign land
They were afraid of my insolence;
Their proud squads
The northern swords fled.
We merrily, we fought menacingly,
Shared tributes and gifts,
And sat down with the vanquished
For friendly feasts.
But a heart full of Naina,
Under the noise of battle and feasts,
languished in a secret ruse,
Searched for the Finnish shores.
It’s time to go home, I said, friends!
Let’s hang idle chain mail
Under the canopy of our own hut.
He said – and the oars rustled;
And, leaving fear behind us,
Into the bay of the fatherland, dear
We flew in with proud joy.

Long-standing dreams have come true,
Ardent desires have come true!
A minute of sweet goodbye,
And you flashed for me!
At the feet of the haughty beauty
I brought a bloody sword,
Corals, gold and pearls;
Before her, intoxicated with passion,
Silent swarm surrounded by
of Her envious friends,
I stood obedient captive;
But the maiden hid from me,
Saying with an air of indifference:
“Hero, I do not love you!”

Why tell, my son,
What has no strength to retell?
Ah, and now alone, alone,
Asleep in my soul, at the door of the grave,
I remember sorrow, and sometimes,
As the thought of the past will be born,
On my gray beard
A heavy tear is rolling.

But listen: in my homeland
Between the desert fishermen
Marvelous science lurks.
Under the roof of eternal silence,
Among the forests, in the wilderness of the distant
Gray-haired sorcerers live;
To objects of high wisdom
All their thoughts are directed;
Everything hears their terrible voice,
What was and what will be again,
And their terrible will is subject to
And the coffin and love itself.

And I, a greedy seeker of love,
Decided in joyless sadness
Naina to be attracted by charms
And in the proud heart of a cold maiden
Love to kindle with magic.
Hastened into the arms of freedom,
Into the secluded darkness of the forest;
And there, in the training of sorcerers,
Spent invisible years.
The long-desired moment has come,
And the secret of the terrible nature
I comprehended the bright thought:
I learned the power of spells.
The crown of love, the crown of desires!
Now, Naina, you are mine!
Our victory, I thought.
But in fact the winner
Was rock, my stubborn persecutor.

In the dreams of a young hope,
Delighted with fervent desire,
I hurriedly cast spells,
Call the spirits – and in the darkness of the forest
A thunderous arrow rushed,
A magical whirlwind raised a howl,
The earth shook under my foot …
And suddenly sits in front of me
A decrepit old woman, gray-haired,
With sunken eyes sparkling,
With a hump, with a shaking head,
A picture of sad decay.
Ah, knight, that was Naina! ..
I was horrified and kept silent,
I was measuring with the eyes of a terrible ghost,
I still did not believe in doubt
And suddenly he began to cry, shouted:
“Perhaps eh! ah, Naina, are you!
Naina, where is your beauty?
Tell me, is heaven really
You have changed so terribly?
Tell me, how long have I left the light,
Have I parted with my soul and my dear?
How long has it been? .. “” Exactly forty years, –
There was a fatal reply from the virgin, –
Today seventy beat me.
What to do, – she squeaks to me, –
Years flew by in a crowd.
My, your spring has passed –
We both had time to grow old.
But, friend, listen: it doesn’t matter
Loss of unfaithful youth.
Of course, I’m gray now,
A little hunchback, maybe;
Not what she was in the old days,
Not so alive, not so sweet;
But (added a chatterbox)
I will reveal a secret: I am a witch! ”

And it was indeed so.
Dumb, motionless before her,
I was a perfect fool
With all my wisdom.

But this is awful: witchcraft
It was completely accomplished by misfortune.
My gray-haired deity
A new passion burned to me.
Grimacing a terrible mouth with a smile,
In a grave voice a freak
Mumbles a declaration of love to me.
Imagine my suffering!
I trembled, looking down;
Through coughing she continued
Heavy, passionate conversation:
“So, now I recognized my heart;
I see, faithful friend, it is
Born for tender passion;
Feelings woke up, I am burning,
I am languishing with the desires of love …
Come into my arms …
Oh dear, dear! I am dying … ”

And meanwhile she, Ruslan,
Blinked with languid eyes;
And meanwhile for my caftan
She held on with skinny hands;
And meanwhile – I was dying,
Blinking my eyes with terror;
And suddenly there was no more urine;
I broke free with a cry, ran.
She followed: “Oh, unworthy!
You have revolted my calm century,
Innocent virgin days are clear!
You have achieved the love of Naina,
And you despise – these are the men!
They all breathe treason!
Alas, blame yourself;
He deceived me, wretched!
I gave myself to passionate love …
Traitor, monster! oh shame!
But tremble, maiden thief! ”

So we parted. Since then
I live in my solitude
With a disappointed soul;
And in the world there is comfort to the elder
Nature, wisdom and peace.
The grave is already calling me;
But her old feelings
The old woman has not forgotten yet
And the late flame of love
From annoyance to anger turned.
With a black soul loving evil,
The old sorceress, of course,
Will hate you too;
But grief on earth is not eternal. ”

Our knight eagerly listened to
The tales of the elder; eyes are clear
I didn’t sleep lightly
And the quiet flight of the night
I didn’t hear in deep thought.
But the day shines radiant …
With a sigh the grateful knight
embraces the old sorcerer;
The soul is full of hope;
Comes out.
Ruslan squeezed the rusty horse with his feet,
He recovered in the saddle, whistled.
“My Father, do not leave me.”
And gallops across an empty meadow.
The gray-haired sage to his young friend
Shouts after him: “Happy journey!
Forgive me, love your wife,
Do not forget the old man’s advice! ”

Song of the second

Rivals in the art of battle,
Do not know peace among yourself;
Bring tribute to the gloomy glory,
And revel in enmity!
Let the world freeze before you,
Marveling at the formidable celebrations:
Nobody will regret you,
Nobody will bother you.
Rivals of a different kind,
You, knights of the Parnassian mountains,
Try not to make people laugh
With the immodest noise of your quarrels;
Scold – just be careful.
But you, rivals in love,
Live together, if you can!
Believe me, my friends:
To whom is an indispensable fate
A girl’s heart is destined,
He will be nice to the evil of the universe;
Getting angry is stupid and sinful.

When Rogdai is indomitable,
With a deaf foreboding languishing,
Leaving his companions,
He set off to a solitary land
And rode between the forest deserts,
Deep in thought –
An evil spirit disturbed and confused His yearning soul,
And a gloomy knight :
“I will kill !…. I will destroy all the obstacles …
Ruslan! .. you recognize me …
Now the girl will cry … ”
And suddenly, turning the horse,
He gallops back at full speed.

At that time, the valiant Farlaf,
All morning sweetly dozing off,
Hiding from the rays of half a day,
By the stream, alone,
To strengthen the strength of the soul,
Dined in peaceful silence.
Suddenly he sees: someone in the field,
Like a storm, rushing on a horse;
And, not wasting more time,
Farlaf, leaving his dinner,
Spear, chain mail, helmet, gloves,
Jumped into the saddle and without looking back
Flies – and he followed him.
“Stop, you dishonorable fugitive! –
Unknown shouts to Farlaf. –
Despicable, let me catch up!
Let me rip your head off! ”
Farlaf, recognizing the voice of Rogdai,
Writhing out of fear, died
And, expecting certain death,
The horse drove even faster.
Just like a hurried hare,
Pressing ears fearfully,
Over bumps, fields, through forests
Galloping from the dog in jumps.
On the site of a glorious escape
In the spring of melted snow
Turbid streams flowed
And dug the wet chest of the earth.
A zealous horse rushed to the moat,
Swung its tail and white mane,
Reins of steel bite
And jumped over the moat;
But the timid rider upside down
Fell heavily into a muddy ditch,
He did not see the earth with the heavens
And he was ready to accept death.
Rogdai flies up to the ravine;
The cruel sword has already been brought in;
“Perish, you coward! die! ” – broadcasts …
Suddenly he recognizes Farlaf;
Looks, and hands dropped;
Annoyance, amazement, anger
In his features were depicted;
Hiding with his teeth, numb,
Hero, with a drooping head
As soon as he drove away from the ditch,
Furious … but barely, barely
Himself laughed at himself.

Then he met under the mountain
An old lady, slightly alive,
Humpbacked, completely gray-haired.
She pointed to the north with a road stick
He pointed to the north.
“You will find him there,” she said.
Rogday boiled with joy
And flew to certain death.

And our Farlaf? I stayed in the ditch,
I did not dare to breathe; to himself
He, lying down, thought: Am I alive?
Where has the evil rival gone?
Suddenly he hears the voice of the coffin right above him
The old woman’s voice:
“Get up, well done: everything is quiet in the field;
You will not meet anyone more;
I have brought you a horse;
Get up, obey me. “

The embarrassed knight reluctantly
Crawling left a dirty ditch;
Timidly looking around the neighborhood,
Sighed and said alive:
“Well, thank God, I’m healthy!”

“Believe it! – the old woman continued, –
Lyudmila is tricky to find;
She has run far;
You and I can’t get it.
It is dangerous to drive around the world;
You really won’t be happy yourself.
Follow my advice,
Go back quietly.
Near Kiev, in solitude,
In your hereditary village
Better stay without worries:
Lyudmila will not leave us ”.

Having said, she disappeared. In impatience
Our prudent hero
Immediately went home,
Sincerely forgetting about the glory
And even about the young princess;
And the slightest noise in the oak grove,
The flight of the titmouse, the murmur of the waters
He was thrown into heat and sweat.

Meanwhile Ruslan is racing far;
In the wilderness of the woods, in the wilderness of the fields
Aspires to his habitual thought
To Lyudmila, his joy,
And says: “Will I find a friend?
Where are you, my husband’s soul?
Will I see your bright gaze?
Will I hear a gentle conversation?
Or is it destined that the sorcerer
You were an eternal captive
And, as a mournful virgin growing old,
In a dark dungeon bloom?
Or a daring rival
Will he come ?…. No, no, my friend is invaluable:
I still have my faithful sword,
The chapter has not yet fallen from my shoulders.

Once, in the dark at times,
Along the rocks along the steep bank
Our knight rode over the river.
Everything was quiet. Suddenly behind him
Arrows instant buzzing,
Chain mail ringing, and screaming, and neighing,
And the deaf stamping across the field.
“Stop!” A thunderous voice burst out.
He looked around: in a clear field,
Raising a spear, flies with a whistle
A ferocious horseman, and a thunderstorm
The prince rushed to meet him.
“Aha! caught up with you! wait! –
The daring rider shouts, –
Get ready, friend, I will slash to death;
Now lie down among these places;
And there look for your brides. ”
Ruslan flared up, shuddered with anger;
He recognizes this violent voice …

My friends! and our virgin?
Let’s leave the knights for an hour;
I will remember about them again soon.
And it’s high time for me
To think about the young princess
And about the terrible Chernomor.

My bizarre dream
Confidant sometimes immodest,
I told how in the dark night
Lyudmila of tender beauty
From the inflamed Ruslan
They suddenly hid among the fog.
Unhappy! when the villain,
With his mighty hand
, having pulled you out of the marriage bed,
Soared like a whirlwind to the clouds
Through heavy smoke and gloomy air
And suddenly rushed off to your mountains –
You lost your feelings and memory
And in the terrible castle of the sorcerer,
Silent, trembling, pale,
In an instant she found herself.

From the threshold of my hut
So I saw, in the middle of summer days,
When behind a cowardly hen
The sultan of the hen house is haughty,
My rooster ran through the yard
And with voluptuous wings
Already hugging his girlfriend;
Above them in cunning circles
Chickens of the village an old thief,
Having taken destructive measures,
A gray kite swam around, swam
And fell like lightning into the yard.
Soared, flies. In the claws of the terrible
Into the dark crevices of the safe
Carries the poor villain.
In vain, with his sorrow
And stricken with cold fear,
The rooster is calling his mistress. …
He sees only flying fluff,
carried by the flying wind.

Until the morning the young princess
Lied in a painful oblivion,
As if in a terrible dream,
Embraced – finally she
Woke up, with fiery excitement
And full of vague horror;
Soul flies for pleasure,
Someone is looking with rapture;
“Where is the dear, – whispers, – where is the spouse?”
Calls and suddenly died.
Looks around with fear.
Lyudmila, where is your parlor?
Lies the unfortunate girl
Among the downy pillows,
Under the proud canopy of the canopy;
Curtains, lush feather bed
In tassels, in expensive patterns;
Brocade fabrics throughout;
Yachons are playing like heat;
Gold incense burners are all around
Raise fragrant steam;
Enough … well, I don’t need to
Describe the magical house:
Long ago Scheherazade
warned me of that.
But the bright tower is not a joy,
When we do not see a friend in it.

Three virgins, wonderful beauty,
In light and lovely clothes
Appeared to the princess, approached
And bowed to the ground.
Then with silent steps
One came closer;
Princess air fingers
Golden braid braided
With art, in our days is not new,
And wrapped a crown of pearl barley
The circumference of the pale brow.
Behind her, modestly bowing his gaze,
Then another approached;
Azure, lush sundress
Odel Lyudmila slender stan;
Covered with golden curls,
Both the chest and the shoulders of the young
Veil, transparent as fog.
The envious veil kisses
Beauties worthy of heaven,
And light shoes squeeze
Two legs, a miracle of miracles.
To the princess, the last maid
Gives the pearl belt.
Meanwhile, the invisible singer
Merry songs sings to her.
Alas, neither the stones of the necklace,
Neither a sundress, nor a row of pearls,
Not a song of flattery and joy
Her souls do not cheer;
In vain the mirror draws
Her beauty, her outfit;
Downcast, fixed gaze,
She is silent, she is yearning.

Those who, loving the truth,
On a dark heart, they read,
Of course they know about themselves,
What if a woman is in sorrow
Through tears, stealthily, somehow,
On the evil of habit and reason,
Forgets to look in the mirror –
That is sad for her in earnest.

But now Lyudmila is alone again.
Not knowing what to start, she
Approaches the trellis window,
And her gaze wanders sadly
In the space of a gloomy distance.
Everything is dead. Snowy plains
Bright carpets laid down;
Stand gloomy mountains peaks
In monotonous whiteness
And doze in eternal silence;
You can’t see the smoky roof around,
You can’t see the traveler in the snow,
And the ringing horn of merry fishing
In the desert mountains does not trumpet;
Only occasionally with a sad whistle
A whirlwind riots in a clean field
And on the edge of gray skies
Shakes a naked forest.

In tears of despair, Lyudmila
She covered her face with horror.
Alas, what awaits her now!
Runs through the silver door;
She opened with music,
And our maiden found herself
In the garden. Captivating limit:
More beautiful than the gardens of Armida
And those owned by
King Solomon il Prince of Taurida.
Before her, ripple, rustle
Magnificent oak trees;
Avenues of palm trees and a laurel forest,
And a series of fragrant myrtle,
And proud tops of cedars,
And golden oranges
Are reflected by the mirror of the waters;
Hills, groves and valleys
Springs revived with fire;
The May wind winds with coolness
Among the enchanted fields,
And the Chinese nightingale whistles
In the darkness of trembling branches;
Diamond fountains are flying
With merry noise to the clouds;
Under them idols gleam
And, it seems, are alive; Phidias himself,
Pet of Phoebus and Pallas,
Admiring them, at last,
His enchanted chisel
Would have dropped out of his hands with annoyance.
Crushing on marble barriers,
Pearl, fiery arc
Falling, splashing waterfalls;
And streams in the shade of the forest
Slightly curling like a sleepy wave.
Shelter of peace and coolness,
Through the eternal greenery here and there
Bright arbors flicker;
Roses are everywhere, there are living branches
Blossom and breathe along the paths.
But inconsolable Lyudmila
She walks, walks and does not look;
Sorceries, luxury has become hateful to her,
She is sad of bliss, her bright appearance;
Where, without knowing herself, she wanders,
The magic garden goes around,
Freedom to bitter giving tears,
And gloomy eyes elevates
To the inexorable heavens.
Suddenly a beautiful gaze was lit up;
She pressed a finger to her lips;
It seemed like a terrible intent
Born … A terrible path was opened:
A high bridge over the stream
Hangs before her on two rocks;
In heavy and deep despondency
She comes up – and in tears
She looked at the noisy waters,
Hit her chest, sobbing,
In the waves she decided to drown,
However, she did not jump into the water
And continued on her way.

My beautiful Lyudmila,
Running in the sun in the morning,
Tired, dried up my tears,
In my heart I thought: it’s time!
She sat down on the grass, looked back –
And suddenly above it the canopy of the tent,
Noise, turned around with coolness;
Luxurious dinner in front of her;
Bright crystal device;
And in the silence from behind the branches
Invisible, the harp began to play.
The captive princess marvels,
But she secretly thinks:
“Far from the dear, in captivity,
Why should I live in the world anymore?
O you, whose disastrous passion
torments and cherishes me,
I am not afraid of the villain’s power:
Lyudmila knows how to die!
I do not need your tents,
No boring songs, no feasts –
I will not eat, I will not listen,
I will die among your gardens! ”
I thought – and began to eat.

The princess gets up, and in a moment the tent,
And the magnificent luxury device,
And the sounds of the harp … everything is gone;
Everything is still quiet;
Lyudmila alone in the gardens again
Wandering from grove to grove;
Meanwhile, in the azure skies
The moon floats, the queen of the night,
Finds darkness on all sides
And quietly rested on the hills;
The princess involuntarily tends to sleep,
And suddenly an unknown force
Tender than a spring breeze,
Raises her into the air,
Carries her through the air into the palace
And gently lowers
Through the incense of evening roses
On a bed of sadness, a bed of tears.
Three virgins suddenly appeared again
And they fussed around her,
To take off their magnificent dress at night;
But their dull, dim gaze
And the forced silence
They secretly showed compassion
And the feeble fate of the reproach.
But let us hasten: by their tender hand
The sleepy princess is undressed;
Charming with careless charm,
In one snow-white shirt
She lies down to rest.
With a sigh, the maidens bowed,
As soon as possible they departed
And they quietly closed the door.
Well, our captive now!
Trembles like a leaf, does not dare to die;
Percy grow cold, eyes darken;
Instant sleep flees from the eyes;
Doesn’t sleep, doubled her attention,
Motionlessly looks into the darkness …
Everything is gloomy, dead silence!
Only the heart hears the flutter …
And hesitates … the silence whispers,
They go – go to her bed;
The princess is hiding in the pillows –
And suddenly … oh fear !…. and indeed
There was a noise; illumined
Instant brilliance of the night darkness,
Instantly the door is opened;
Silently, proudly speaking,
Glittering with naked sabers,
Arapov walk in a long row
In pairs, decorously, as much as possible,
And gently on pillows
Bears a gray beard;
And he enters with importance behind her,
Raising his neck majestically,
Humpbacked dwarf from the door:
His shaved head,
Covered with a high cap,
Belonged to a beard.
Already he was approaching: then
The princess jumped out of bed,
Gray-haired Charles by the cap
With a quick hand she grabbed,
Trembling, raised her fist
And in fear screamed so,
That she stunned all the araps.
Trembling, the poor man crumpled,
The frightened princess is paler;
Covering my ears as soon as possible,
Wanted to run, but in a beard
Tangled, fell and fought;
Rises, falls; in such trouble
Arapov the black swarm is reeling;
They rustle, push, run,
They grab the sorcerer in an armful
And they carry it out to unravel,
Leaving Lyudmila’s hat

But something, our good knight?
Do you remember the unexpected meeting?
Take your quick pencil,
Draw, Orlovsky, night and smash!
By the light of the quivering moon
The knights fought fiercely;
Their hearts are constrained by anger,
Spears have already been thrown far,
Swords are already shattered,
Chain mails are covered with blood,
Shields are cracking, broken into pieces …
They grappled on horses;
Blowing up black dust to the sky,
Under them the horses are fighting greyhounds;
Fighters, motionlessly woven,
Squeezing each other, remain,
As if nailed to the saddle;
Their members are brought together by malice;
Intertwined and ossified;
Rapid fire runs through the veins;
On the enemy’s chest, the chest trembles –
And now hesitates, weakens –
Someone will fall … suddenly my knight,
Booming, with an iron hand
Tears off the rider from the saddle,
He lifts up, holds over him
And throws him into the waves from the shore.
“Perish! – exclaims menacingly; –
Die, my evil envious! ”

You guessed, my reader,
Who the valiant Ruslan fought with:
It was a seeker of bloody battles,
Rogdai, the hope of the people of Kiev,
Lyudmila is a gloomy admirer.
He along the Dnieper banks
Was looking for a rival footprints;
Found, overtook, but the former strength
Changed the pet of the battle,
And Russia, an ancient dashing man
He found his end in the desert.
And it was heard that Rogdaya
The young mermaid of those waters
To the cold Persian took
And, greedily kissed the knight,
To the bottom with laughter carried away,
And long after, on a dark night,
Wandering near the quiet shores,
The hero’s ghost is huge
Scared the desert fishermen.

Song of the third

In vain you hid in the shadows
For peaceful, happy friends,
My verses! You are not hiding
From the angry envy of the eyes.
Already a pale critic, in her service,
The question made me fatal:
Why does Ruslanov need a friend,
How would her husband laugh,
Call both the maiden and the princess?
You see, my good reader,
There is a black seal of malice!
Tell me, Zoilus, tell me, traitor,
How and what should I answer?
Blush, unfortunate, God be with you!
Blush, I don’t want to argue;
Satisfied with the fact that the soul is right,
In humble meekness I am silent.
But you will understand me, Klymene,
Lower your languid eyes,
You, the victim of a boring Hymen …
I see: a secret tear
Will fall on my verse, intelligible to my heart;
You blushed, your eyes went out;
She sighed in silence … a sigh understandable!
Jealous: be afraid, the hour is near;
Cupid with a wayward vexation
Engaged in a bold conspiracy,
And for your inglorious head
A vengeful dress is already ready.

Already the cold morning was shining
On the crown of the full mountains;
But everything was silent in the wondrous castle.
In hidden vexation Chernomor,
Without a hat, in a morning dressing gown,
Yawn angrily on the bed.
Around his gray-haired brada
Slaves crowded in silence,
And tenderly a comb of bone
Combing her twists;
Meanwhile, for the benefit and beauty,
On the endless mustache
Oriental aromas flowed,
And cunning curls curled;
Suddenly, out of nowhere,
A winged serpent flies through the window;
Rattling iron scales,
He quickly bent into rings
And suddenly Naina turned around
Before the amazed crowd.
“Greetings to you,” she said, “
A fellow who has long been revered by me!
Until I knew Chernomor
With one loud rumor;
But secret fate unites
Now we are united by common enmity;
You are in danger,
A cloud hung over you;
And the voice of offended honor
Calls me to revenge.

With a gaze full of cunning flattery,
Carla gives her a hand,
Prophetic: “Marvelous Naina!
Your union is precious to me.
We will put Finn to shame;
But I am not afraid of dark intrigues:
I am not afraid of a weak enemy;
Find out my wonderful lot:
This graceful beard
No wonder Chernomor is decorated.
Until her gray-haired Vlasov
A hostile sword will not cut it,
None of the dashing knights,
None of the mortals will destroy
My slightest plans;
My life will be Lyudmila,
Ruslan is doomed to the grave! ”
And gloomily the witch repeated:
“He will perish! he will die! ”
Then she hissed three times,
Stamped her foot three times
And flew away like a black serpent.

Shining in a brocade robe,
The sorcerer, emboldened by the witch,
Having amused himself, he decided again
Carry a mustache, obedience and love at the feet of the captive maiden
The bearded dwarf is discharged,
Goes back to her chambers;
A long row of rooms goes by:
The princess is not in them. He is far away, into the garden,
Into the laurel forest, to the lattice of the garden,
Along the lake, around the waterfall,
Under the bridges, into the gazebos … no!
The princess is gone, and the trace is gone!
Who will express his confusion,
And the roar and trembling of ecstasy?
From his annoyance he did not see the day.
Karla sounded a wild groan:
“Here, slaves, run!
This way, I hope for you!
Now find me Lyudmila!
Hurry, do you hear? now!
Not that – you are joking with me –
I will strangle all of you with my beard! ”

Reader, let me tell you,
Where did the beauty go?
All night she wondered at her fate
In tears she wondered and – laughed.
She was frightened by the beard,
But Chernomor was already known,
And he was ridiculous, but never
Horror is incompatible with laughter.
Towards the morning rays
Lyudmila left the bed
And her involuntary gaze turned
Towards high, clear mirrors;
Involuntarily she lifted her golden curls
From lily’s shoulders she lifted;
Involuntarily thick hair
Braided careless hand;
My yesterday’s outfits
Accidentally found in the corner;
Sighing, dressed and out of frustration
She began to cry quietly;
However, from the faithful glass,
Sighing, did not take her eyes off,
And the girl came to mind,
In the excitement of wayward thoughts,
Try on Chernomor’s hat.
Everything is quiet, no one is here;
No one will look at the girl …
And the girl at seventeen
What hat won’t stick!
It’s never too lazy to dress up!
Lyudmila twirled her hat;
On the eyebrows, straight, sideways
And put it backwards.
So what? about the miracle of the old days!
Lyudmila disappeared in the mirror;
Turned over – before her
Lyudmila the former appeared;
Put on back – again no;
I took it off – and in the mirror! “Perfectly!
Good, sorcerer, good, my light!
Now it’s safe for me to be here;
Now I’ll get rid of the hassle! ”
And the hat of the old villain
The princess, blushing with joy,
Put it back on.

But let us return to the hero.
Aren’t we ashamed to deal with us
For so long a hat, a beard,
Ruslana entrusting destinies?
Having fought a fierce battle with Rogdai,
He rode through a dense forest;
A wide valley opened before him
With the brilliance of the morning skies.
The knight reluctantly trembles:
He sees the old battlefield.
Everything is empty in the distance; here and there
Bones turn yellow; over the hills
Quivers, armor are scattered;
Where is the harness, where is the rusty shield;
There is a sword in the bones of the hand;
Grass overgrown there the shaggy helmet,
And the old skull smolders in it;
Bogatyr there is a whole skeleton
With his defeated horse
Lies motionless; spears, arrows
They are thrust into the damp earth,
And peaceful ivy entwines them …
Nothing of the silent silence
This desert does not disturb,
And the sun from a clear height
Illuminates the Valley of Death.

With a sigh, the knight around him
Looks with sad eyes.
“O field, field, who covered you with dead bones?
Whose greyhound horse trampled you
In the last hour of the bloody battle?
Who fell on you with glory?
Whose Heaven Heard Prayers?
Why, field, did you become silent
And was it overgrown with the grass of oblivion? ..
Times from eternal darkness,
Perhaps there is no salvation for me either!
Perhaps, on a mute hill
They will put a quiet coffin of Ruslans,
And loud strings of Bayans
Won’t talk about him! ”

But soon my knight remembered,
That the hero needs a good sword
And even a shell; and the hero
is unarmed since the last battle.
He walks around the field;
In the bushes, among the forgotten bones,
In the bulk of smoldering chain mail,
Swords and helmets shattered
He is looking for armor for himself.
The hum and the dumb steppe woke up,
The crackling and ringing rose in the field;
He raised the shield without choosing,
He also found a helmet and a sonorous horn;
But only a sword could not be found.
Going around the Valley of Battle,
He sees many swords,
But all are light, but too small,
And the handsome prince was not lethargic,
Not like a knight of our days.
To play with something out of boredom,
He took the steel spear in his hands,
He put the chain mail on his chest
And then set off on his way.

The ruddy sunset has already turned pale
Above the buried earth;
Blue fogs are smoking,
And the golden month rises;
The steppe has faded. The dark path
Thoughtfully drives our Ruslan
And sees: through the night fog
In the distance a huge hill turns black,
And something terrible snores.
He is closer to the hill, closer – he hears:
The wonderful hill seems to be breathing.
Ruslan listens and looks
Fearlessly, with a calm spirit;
But, wiggling a fearful ear,
The horse rests, trembles,
Shakes its stubborn head,
And the mane stood on end.
Suddenly a hill, cloudless moon
In the fog, palely illuminating,
Brightens; the brave prince looks –
And he sees a miracle before him.
Will I find colors and words?
Before him is a living head.
Huge eyes are enveloped in sleep;
Snores, rocking the feathered helmet,
And feathers in the dark height,
Like shadows, they walk, fluttering.
In its terrible beauty
Rising above the gloomy steppe,
Surrounded by silence,
A nameless guardian of the desert,
Ruslan is facing it
A formidable and foggy bulk.
In perplexity, he wants
Mysterious to destroy the dream.
Closely examining the miracle,
Traveled his head around
And stood silently before his nose;
Tickles the nostrils with a spear,
And, wrinkling, the head yawned,
Eyes opened and sneezed …
A whirlwind rose, the steppe trembled,
Dust flew up; from the eyelashes, from the mustache,
A flock of owls flew off the eyebrows;
Silent groves woke up,
Sneezed echo – zealous horse
Neglected, jumped, flew away,
Barely the knight himself sat,
And a noisy voice came after:
“Where are you, foolish knight?
Go back, I’m not kidding!
I’ll just swallow the impudent one! ”
Ruslan looked back with contempt,
With his reins he held the horse
And smiled proudly.
“What do you want from me? –
Frowning, the head screamed. –
Here fate has sent me a guest!
Listen, get away!
I want to sleep, now it’s night,
Goodbye! ” But the famous knight,
Hearing rude words,
exclaimed with an angry gravity:
“Be quiet, empty head!
I have heard the truth, it happened:
Though the forehead is wide, the brain is not enough!
I’m going, I’m going, I’m not blowing,
But when I hit it, I won’t let it go! ”

Then, from the rage of dumbness,
Constrained by the malice of the flame,
The head puffed up; like heat,
Bloody eyes flashed;
Feeling hot, the lips trembled,
Steam rose up from the mouth, ears –
And suddenly she, that was urine,
Towards the prince began to blow;
In vain the horse, squeezing his eyes,
Bowing his head, straining his chest,
Through the whirlwind, rain and darkness of night
The unfaithful continues on his way;
Seized with fear, blinded,
He rushes again, exhausted,
Far away in the field to rest.
The knight wants to turn again –
Reflected again, there is no hope!
And his head followed him,
Like a crazy woman, she laughs,
Thunders: “Ai, knight! ah, hero!
Where are you going? hush, hush, stop!
Hey, knight, you can break your neck for nothing;
Do not be afraid, rider, and me
Please at least with one blow,
Until you kill the horse. ”
And meanwhile she teased the hero
with a terrible language.
Ruslan, vexation in the heart of the cut,
Threatens her silently with a copy,
Shakes it with his free hand,
And, trembling, cold damask steel
Plunged into the insolent tongue.
And the blood from the frenzied mouth
ran like a river in an instant.
From surprise, pain, anger,
In a moment of insolence, he lost,
The head looked at the prince,
Iron gnawed and turned pale
In a calm spirit, hot,
So sometimes in the middle of our stage
Melpomene’s bad pet,
By a sudden whistle stunned,
Already nothing he does not see,
Turns pale, forgets his role,
Trembles, drooping his head,
And, stammering, falls silent
Before a mocking crowd.
Happy using the moment,
To the embarrassed head with embarrassment,
Like a hawk, the hero flies
With a raised, formidable right hand
And a heavy mitten on the cheek
With a sweep of the head stabs;
And the steppe resounded with a blow;
Around the dewy grass
Bloody foam stained,
And, staggering, the head
Turned over, rolled,
And the cast-iron helmet knocked.
Then on the empty place
The hero’s sword flashed.
Our knight is in awe of merry
He grabbed him and to his head
On the bloody grass
Runs with cruel intent
Cut off her nose and ears;
Ruslan is already ready to strike,
Has already swung a wide sword –
Suddenly, amazed, he heeds
The head of the praying miserable groan …
And quietly he lowers the sword,
In him the fierce anger dies,
And stormy vengeance will fall
In the soul, pacified by the supplication :
This is how the ice melts in the valley,
struck by the ray of midday.

“You have enlightened me, hero, –
With a sigh, the head said, –
Your right hand proved,
That I am guilty before you;
From now on I am obedient to you;
But, knight, be generous!
Worthy of weeping is my lot.
And I was a daring knight!
In bloody battles of an adversary
I am not equal to myself;
Happy if I wouldn’t have a rival little brother!
Insidious, evil Chernomor,
You, you are to blame for all my troubles!
Shame on our families,
Born Karla, with a beard,
My wondrous growth from my youthful days
He could not see without vexation
And for that in his soul
I, cruel, hate me.
I was always a little simple,
Although tall; and this unfortunate,
Having the stupidest growth,
Clever as a demon – and terribly angry.
Besides, know, to my misfortune,
In his wonderful beard
Lurks a fatal force,
And, despising everything in the world,
As long as the beard is intact –
The traitor does not fear evil.
Here he is once, with an air of friendship
“Listen,” he said slyly to me, “
Do not give up your important service:
I found in black books,
What is behind the eastern mountains,
On quiet seashore,
In a deaf basement, under castles
The sword is stored – what then? fear!
I made out in the magic darkness,
That by the will of hostile fate
This sword will be known to us;
That he will destroy both of us:
He will cut off my beard,
Your head; Judge for yourself,
How important it is for us to acquire
This creation of evil spirits! ”
“Well, what then? where is the difficulty? –
I said to Carla, – I’m ready;
I am going, even beyond the bounds of the world. “
And he loaded a pine tree on his shoulder,
And on another for the advice
He planted the villainous brother;
Set off on a long journey,
Chagall walked and, thank God,
As if to spite the prophecy,
Everything went happily at the beginning.
Beyond the distant mountains
We found a fatal basement;
I scattered it with my hands
And I took out the hidden sword.
But no! fate wanted it:
Between us, a quarrel boiled over –
And it was, I confess, about what!
Question: Who owns the sword?
I argued, Karla was getting excited;
They scolded for a long time; at last
The trick was invented by the sly man,
He quieted down and seemed to soften.
“Let’s leave the useless dispute, –
Chernomor told me it is important, –
We will dishonor our alliance;
Reason orders to live in the world;
Fate will be decided by us,
To whom this sword belongs.
Let us put our ear to the ground, both
(What spite will not invent!),
And whoever hears the first ringing,
Wield the sword to the grave. ”
He spoke and lay down on the ground.
I also stretched out foolishly;
I lie, I don’t hear anything,
Daring: I will deceive him!
But he himself was cruelly deceived.
The villain in deep silence,
Standing up, tiptoe to me
Creeped up from behind, swung;
A sharp sword whistled like a whirlwind,
And before I looked back,
Already the head flew off my shoulders –
And the supernatural power
In her life the spirit stopped.
My skeleton is overgrown with thorns;
Far away, in a country forgotten by people,
My unburied ashes decayed;
But the evil Karla brought me
Me to this solitary land,
Where forever
You should have guarded the sword you took today.
O knight! You keep it by fate,
Take it, and God be with you!
Perhaps, on your way
You will meet the sorcerer Karl –
Oh, if you notice him,
To revenge on deceit, malice!
And finally I will be happy,
Quietly leave this world –
And in my gratitude
I will forget Your slap in the face.

Song of the fourth

Every day, having risen from sleep,
I heartily thank God
For the fact that in our times
There are not so many wizards.
Besides – honor and glory to them! –
Our marriages are safe …
Their plans are not so terrible
Husbands, young maidens.
But there are other wizards,
Whom I hate:
Smile, blue eyes
And dear voice – oh friends!
Do not believe them: they are crafty!
Fear, imitating me,
Their intoxicating poison,
And rest in silence.

Poetry wonderful genius,
Singer of mysterious visions,
Love, dreams and devils,
Graves and paradise faithful resident,
And my windy muse
Confidant, pestun and guardian!
Forgive me, northern Orpheus,
What’s in my funny story
Now I’m flying after you
And the wayward muse’s lyre
In a lovely lie.

My friends, you have all heard,
Like a demon in ancient days, a villain
First betrayed himself with sorrow,
And there the souls of his daughters;
As after a generous alms,
Prayer, faith, and fasting,
And unfeigned repentance
Seized an intercessor in the saint;
How he died and how he fell asleep
His twelve daughters:
And we were captivated, horrified
Pictures of these secret nights,
These wonderful visions,
This dark demon, this God’s wrath,
Living sinner’s torment
And the delight of the virgins.
We cried with them, wandered
Around the battlements of the castle walls,
And loved with a heart touched
Their quiet sleep, their quiet captivity;
Soul Vadim called,
And awakening ripened them,
And often the nuns of the saints
They were escorted to their father’s tomb.
And well, perhaps eh? .. We were lied to!
But will I proclaim the truth?

Young Ratmir, directing to the south
The impatient run of the horse,
I was already thinking before the sunset of the day
To catch up with Ruslan’s wife.
But the crimson day grew dark;
In vain the knight before him
Looked into the distant fogs:
Everything was empty over the river.
Dawn the last ray burned
Above the brightly gilded pine forest.
Our knight passed the black rocks
Quietly drove by and with his gaze
He was looking for a night lodging between the trees.
He goes to the valley
And sees: the castle on the rocks
Raises the jagged walls;
Towers at the corners turn black;
And the virgin on the high wall,
Like a lonely swan in the sea,
Goes, the dawn is illuminated;
And the song of the virgin is barely audible
Valleys in deep silence.

“The darkness of the night lies in the field;
A cold wind rose from the waves.
It’s too late, young traveler!
Take cover in our gratifying tower.

Here at night bliss and peace,
And in the daytime and noise and feasting.
Come to a friendly calling,
Come, about a young traveler!

Here you will find a swarm of beauties;
Their speech and kiss are gentle.
Come to a secret calling,
Come, about a young traveler!

To you, with the morning dawn
Let’s fill the cup goodbye.
Come to a peaceful calling,
Come, about a young traveler!

Lies in the field the darkness of the night;
A cold wind rose from the waves.
It’s too late, young traveler!
Hide in our gratifying tower. ”

She beckons, she sings;
And the young khan is already under the wall;
He is met at the gate
Red maidens in a crowd;
Amid the noise of affectionate speeches
He is surrounded; do not take off him
They are captivating eyes;
Two maidens are leading the horse away;
The young Khan enters the palace,
Behind him a swarm of lovely hermits;
One removes the winged helmet,
Another forged armor,
That sword takes, that dusty shield;
Negi clothes will replace
Iron armor of battle.
But first, the young man is led
To a magnificent Russian bath.
Already the smoky waves are flowing
Into her silver vats,
And cold fountains are splashing;
Luxurious carpet spread;
The tired khan lies down on it;
Transparent steam swirls over it;
Casting down bliss, full gaze,
Adorable, half-naked,
In tender and dumb care,
Young maidens are around the Khan
They are crowded with a frisky crowd.
Over the knight another waves
Branches of young birches,
And the heat from them plows fragrant;
Another with the juice of spring roses
Tired members cools down
And drowns in aromas
Dark-curly hair.
The knight intoxicated with delight
Has already forgotten Lyudmila as a prisoner
Recently lovely beauties;
languishes with sweet desire;
His wandering gaze shines,
And, full of passionate anticipation,
He melts with his heart, he burns.

But now he comes out of the bath.
Dressed in velvet fabrics,
In the circle of pretty maidens, Ratmir
Sits down for a rich feast.
I am not Omer: in high verses
He can sing one
Dinners of Greek retinues
And the sound and foam of deep bowls.
Sweeter, in the footsteps of Guys,
Praise me with a careless lyre
And nakedness in the shadow of the night,
And a kiss of tender love!
The castle is illuminated by the moon;
I see a distant tower,
Where the languid, inflamed knight
Eats a lonely dream;
His forehead, his cheeks
Burn with an instant flame;
His lips are half-open
Lobsan secret beckons;
He sighs passionately, slowly,
He sees them – and in an ardent dream
He presses the veil to his heart.
But in the deep silence
The door opened: the floor is jealous
Skrypit under the hurried foot,
And by the silver moon
A virgin flashed. Winged Dreams,
Hide, fly away!
Wake up – your night has come!
Wake up – the moment of loss is dear! ..
She approaches, he lies
And slumbers in voluptuous bliss;
His cover slips from the bed,
And the hot fluff embraces his brow.
In silence the virgin before him
Stands motionless, breathless,
Like the hypocritical Diana
Before her dear shepherd;
And here she is, on the khan’s bed
Leaning one knee,
Sighing, her face bows to him
With languor, with living trembling,
And the lucky man’s dream interrupts
With passionate and mute kissing …

But, friends, the virgin lyre
Silenced under by my hand;
My timid voice weakens –
Let’s leave young Ratmir;
I dare not continue with a song:
Ruslan should occupy us,
Ruslan, this unparalleled knight,
A hero in his soul, a faithful lover.
Tired by stubborn battle,
Under the hero’s head
He tastes sweet sleep.
But at the very early dawn
The quiet sky is shining;
Everything is clear; morning ray playful
Heads shaggy forehead golden.
Ruslan gets up, and the zealous horse
Already the knight rushes like an arrow.

And the days are running; cornfields turn yellow;
A decrepit leaf falls from the trees;
In the woods the autumn wind whistle
Drowns out the feathered singers;
Heavy, cloudy fog
The naked hills are entwined;
Winter is approaching – Ruslan
His path courageously continues
To the far north; every day
New obstacles he meets:
Now he fights with a hero,
Now with a witch, now with a giant,
Then he sees a moonlit night,
As if through a magical dream,
Surrounded by a gray fog,
Mermaids, quietly on the branches
Swinging, a young knight
With a sly smile on his lips
Beckon, without saying a word …
But we keep a secret craft,
The fearless knight is unharmed;
Desire slumbers in his soul,
He does not see them, he does not heed them,
Lyudmila alone is everywhere with him.

But meanwhile, no one is visible,
From the attacks of the sorcerer
Kept with a magic hat,
What is my princess doing,
My beautiful Lyudmila?
She, silent and sad,
Alone walks through the gardens,
Thinks and sighs about a friend,
Ile, giving free rein to her dreams,
To her native Kiev fields
Flies away into oblivion of her heart;
He hugs his father and brothers,
He sees young girlfriends
And his old mothers –
Captivity and separation are forgotten!
But soon the poor princess
Loses her delusion
And again she was sad and alone.
Slaves of the enamored villain,
And day and night, not daring to sit,
Meanwhile, in the castle, in the gardens
They were looking for a charming captive,
They rushed about, called loudly,
However, everything was over trifles.
Lyudmila amused herself with them:
Sometimes in magical groves
Without a hat, she suddenly appeared
And she called: “Here, here!”
And all rushed to her in a crowd;
But to the side – suddenly invisible –
With an inaudible foot
She ran away from the predatory hands.
Everywhere every hour they noticed
Her minute traces:
That gilded fruits
They disappeared on noisy branches,
That drops of spring water
They fell into a crumpled meadow:
Then they probably knew in the castle,
What the princess drinks or eats.
On the branches of cedar or birch
Hiding at night, she was looking for a minute for a minute –
But she only shed tears,
Called her husband and peace,
languished with sadness and yawning,
And rarely, rarely before dawn,
Leaning to the tree with her head,
Dozing in a thin doze;
Barely dark at night,
Lyudmila went to the waterfall
To wash with a cold stream:
Karla himself in the morning
Once I saw from the chambers,
How under an invisible hand
The waterfall splashed and splashed.
With her usual melancholy
Until a new night, here and there,
She wandered through the gardens:
Often in the evening they heard
Her pleasant voice;
Often in the groves they raised
Or a wreath thrown by her,
Or pieces of a Persian shawl,
Or a tear-stained handkerchief.

Stung by cruel passion,
Annoyed, darkened by anger,
The sorcerer finally decided
To catch Lyudmila without fail.
So Lemnos the lame blacksmith,
Priyav the marital crown
From the hands of the lovely Tsitereya,
Spread the net to her beauties,
Opening the mocking gods
Cypriots tender ventures …

Bored, poor princess
In the cool of the marble pavilion
And sat quietly swaying branches
I looked at the flowering meadow.
Suddenly he hears – they call: “Dear friend!”
And he sees the faithful Ruslan.
His features, gait, camp;
But he is pale, there is a fog in his eyes,
And there is a living wound on his thigh –
In her heart trembled. “Ruslan!
Ruslan! .. He’s for sure! ” And with an arrow
The captive flies to her husband,
In tears, trembling, he says:
“You are here … you are wounded … what’s wrong with you?”
Already reached, hugged:
Oh horror … the ghost disappears!
Princess in the nets; from her brow
A hat falls to the ground.
Cooling down, he hears a formidable cry:
“She’s mine!” – and at the same moment
Sees the sorcerer before his eyes.
There was a pitiful groan of the virgin,
Will fall unconscious – and a wondrous dream
Embraced the unfortunate with its wings.

What will happen to the poor princess!
O terrible sight: a frail wizard
Caressing with an impudent hand
Ludmila’s young delights!
Will he really be happy?
Chu … suddenly there was a ringing of horns,
And someone calls Karla.
In confusion, the pale sorcerer
Puts a hat on the maiden;
They are blowing again; sonorous, sonorous!
And he flies to an unknown meeting,
Throwing his beard over his shoulders.

Song of the Fifth

Ah, how sweet my princess is!
Her character is dearest to me:
She is sensitive, modest,
True to marital love,
A little windy … so what?
So she is even nicer.
Hourly the charm of the new
She knows how to captivate us;
Tell me: is it possible to compare Her
with the Harsh Delfira?
One – fate sent the gift
To enchant hearts and eyes;
Her smile, conversations
Love gives rise to heat in me.
And that one – under the skirt of a hussar,
Just give her a mustache and spurs!
Blessed is who in the evening
To a secluded corner
My Ludmila is waiting for
And she will call her another heart;
But, believe me, blessed is the one
Who escapes from Delfira
And even stranger with her.
Yes, but that’s not the point!
But who was blowing the trumpet? Who is the sorcerer
Summoned the fearsome to the battle?
Who scared the sorcerer?
Ruslan. He, with the revenge of the flame,
Reached the abode of the villain.
Already the knight stands under the mountain,
The calling horn howls like a storm,
The impatient horse boils
And the snow is digging like a hoof.
Prince Charles is waiting. Suddenly he
On a strong steel helmet
Struck by an invisible hand;
The blow fell like thunder;
Ruslan lifts a dim gaze
And sees – right above the head –
With a raised, terrible mace
Karla Chernomor flies.
Covering himself with a shield, he bent down,
Sword shook and swung;
But he soared under the clouds;
For a moment he disappeared – and from above
Shumya flies at the prince again.
The nimble knight flew away,
And into the snow with a fatal sweep
The sorcerer fell – and there he sat down;
Ruslan, without saying a word,
Off the horse, hurrying to him,
Caught, grabbed by the beard,
The wizard struggles, groans
And suddenly with Ruslan flies away …
The zealous horse looks after him;
Already a sorcerer under the clouds;
The hero is hanging on his beard;
Fly over the gloomy forests,
Fly over the wild mountains,
Fly over the abyss of the sea;
From the tension of the bone,
Ruslan by the villain’s beard
Stubborn holding on to his hand.
Meanwhile, weakening in the air
And amazed at the power of the Russian,
The Wizard to the proud Ruslan
Slyly says: “Listen, prince!
I will stop hurting you;
Young courage loving,
I will forget everything, forgive you,
I will go down – but only with an agreement … “
” Be quiet, insidious sorcerer! –
Our knight interrupted: – with Chernomor,
With his wife’s tormentor,
Ruslan does not know the contract!
This formidable sword will punish the thief.
Fly even to the night star,
And you will be without a beard! ”
Fear covers Chernomor;
In vexation, in dumb sorrow,
In vain with a long beard
Tired Karla shakes her:
Ruslan does not let her out
And sometimes he pinches her hair.
Two days the sorcerer carries the hero,
On the third he asks for mercy:
“O knight, have mercy on me;
I can hardly breathe; no more urine;
Leave me life, I am in your will;
Say – I will go down, wherever you tell me … “
” Now you are ours: aha, trembling!
Humble yourself, submit to the Russian power!
Take me to my Lyudmila. ”

Chernomor humbly listens;
He set off home with the knight;
Flies – and instantly found himself
Among his terrible mountains.
Then Ruslan with one hand
took the sword of the slain head
And, seizing the beard with the other,
Cut it off like a handful of grass.
“Know ours! – he said cruelly, –
What, predator, where is your beauty?
Where is the power? ” – and on a helmet high
Gray knits hair;
Whistling is calling a dashing horse;
The cheerful horse flies and neighs;
Our knight Karlu is barely alive
He puts it in his bag for the saddle,
And he himself, fearing a moment of waste,
Hastens to the top of the steep mountain,
Reached, and with a joyful soul
Flies into the magic chambers.
In the distance, seeing a brushed helmet,
Pledge of a fatal victory,
Before him a wonderful swarm of araps,
Crowds of fearful slaves,
Like ghosts, from all sides
They run and disappeared.He walks
Alone among the temples of the proud,
Calls his sweet spouse –
Only the echo of the silent vaults
Ruslan gives a voice;
In the excitement of impatient feelings
He opens the doors to the garden –
He walks, walks – and does not find;
An embarrassed gaze is circling around –
Everything is dead: the groves are silent,
The gazebos are empty; on the rapids,
Along the banks of the stream, in the valleys,
There is no trace of Lyudmila anywhere,
And the ear hears nothing.
The sudden coldness embraces the prince,
The light darkens in his eyes,
Dark thoughts arose in his mind …
“Perhaps grief … a gloomy captivity …
A minute … waves …” In these dreams
He is immersed.With mute longing
The knight dropped his head;
He is tormented by involuntary fear;
He is as immovable as a dead stone;
The mind is darkened; wild flame
And the poison of desperate love
Already flowing in his blood.
It seemed – the shadow of the beautiful princess
Touched the quivering lips …
And suddenly, frantic, terrible,
The knight strives through the gardens;
Lyudmila with a cry calls,
Tears off cliffs from the hills,
destroys everything, destroys everything with a sword –
Gazebos, groves fall,
Trees, bridges dive in waves,
Steppe is exposed all around!
Distant drone repeats
And roar, and crackle, and noise, and thunder;
Everywhere the sword rings and whistles,
The lovely land is devastated –
The mad knight is looking for the victim,
Swinging to the right, to the left he
The desert air cuts …
And suddenly – an unexpected blow
From the invisible princess
Chernomor’s parting gift …
Magic disappeared in an instant power:
Lyudmila has opened in the networks!
Not believing his own eyes,
Intoxicated with unexpected happiness,
Our knight falls at the feet of
Faithful, unforgettable friend,
Kisses hands, tears the nets,
Love, delight shed tears,
Calls her – but the maiden is asleep,
Eyes are closed and mouth,
And voluptuous dream
Her young breast lifts.
Ruslan does not take his eyes off her,
He is tormented by the torment again …
But suddenly the acquaintance hears a voice,
The voice of the virtuous Finn:

“Take courage, prince! On the way back
Go with the sleeping Lyudmila;
Fill your heart with new strength,
Be faithful to love and honor.
Heavenly thunder will break out in anger,
And silence will reign –
And in bright Kiev the princess
Before Vladimir will rise
From enchanted sleep.

Ruslan, with this voice animated,
Takes his wife in his arms,
And quietly with a precious burden
He leaves the height
And descends into the lonely valley.

In silence, with Karla behind the saddle,
He went his own way;
In his hands lies Lyudmila
Fresh, like a spring dawn,
And on the shoulder of the hero
She lowered her calm face.
With hair twisted in a ring
Desert breeze plays;
How often does her breast sigh!
How often a quiet face
An instant rose glows!
Love and a secret dream
Ruslan’s image is brought to her,
And with a languid whisper of the mouth
Spouse pronounces the name …
In sweet oblivion he catches her magic breath,
Smile, tears, tender moan
And sleepy Perseus excitement …

Meanwhile , along the valleys, in the mountains,
And on a white day, and at night,
Our knight goes incessantly.
The desired limit is still far,
And the virgin is asleep. But the young prince,
languishing with a fruitless flame,
Is it possible, a constant sufferer,
Only guarded his spouse
And in a chaste dream,
Having humbled his immodest desire,
Did he find his bliss?
The monk, who kept the faithful tradition
To the offspring
About my glorious knight,
We are confidently assured of this:
And I believe! Without division
Dulls, gross delights:
We are just happy together.
Shepherdesses, the dream of a lovely princess
Did not resemble your dreams,
Sometimes a languid spring,
On an ant, in the shade of a tree.
I remember a small meadow
Among the birch oak groves,
I remember a dark evening,
I remember Lida’s wicked dream …
Ah, the first kiss of love,
Trembling, light, hasty,
Didn’t disperse, my friends,
Her patient slumber …
But full of it, I’m talking nonsense!
Why remember love?
Her joy and suffering
Forgotten by me for a long time;
Princess, Ruslan and Chernomor attract my attention.

The plain spreads before them,
Where the spruces have sprung up from time to time;
And the formidable hill in the distance
The round top of the
Heaven turns black on the bright blue.
Ruslan looks – and guessed,
What drives up to the head;
Faster the greyhound horse rushed;
The miracle of miracles is already visible;
She looks with a motionless eye;
Her hair is like a black forest,
Overgrown on a high forehead;
Lanits deprived of life,
Lead pallor covered;
Huge mouths are open,
Huge teeth are constrained …
Above a half-dead head
The last day was grave.
The brave knight flew to her
With Lyudmila, with Karla on her back.
He shouted: “Hello, head!
I’m here! your traitor is punished!
Look: here he is, our villain prisoner! ”
And the prince’s proud words
She was suddenly revived,
For a moment, the feeling was awakened in her,
Woke up as if from a dream,
She looked, she moaned terribly …
She recognized the knight
And I recognized my brother with horror.
Nostrils inflated; on the cheeks
Crimson fire was still born,
And in the dying eyes
The last anger was depicted.
In confusion, in a dumb rage
She gnashed her teeth
And her brother in a cold tongue
An indistinct babbling reproach …
Already at that very hour
The long suffering ended:
Chela’s instant flame extinguished,
Heavy breathing was weak,
A huge gaze rolled back,
And soon the prince and Chernomor
saw death shudder …
She rested in eternal sleep.
The knight retired in silence;
The trembling dwarf behind the saddle
Did not dare to breathe, did not move
And with the tongue of the warlock
Eagerly prayed to the demons.

On the slope of the dark banks
Some unnamed river,
In the cool gloom of the forests,
There was a shelter in a drooping hut,
Crowned with thick pines.
In the course of a slow river
Near the reed fence
Washed by a sleepy wave
And around him barely murmured
With a slight noise of the breeze.
The valley lurked in these places,
Lonely and dark;
And there seemed to be silence
From the beginning of the world reigned.
Ruslan stopped the horse.
Everything was quiet, serene;
From the dawn day
Valley with a coastal grove
Smoke shone through the morning.
Ruslan lays down his wife in the meadow,
Sits down near her, sighs
With sweet and mute despondency;
And suddenly he sees before him
The humble sail of the shuttle
And hears the song of the fisherman
Above the quiet-flowing river.
Throwing the net over the waves,
Fisherman, tilted with oars,
Sails to the wooded shores,
To the threshold of the humble hut.
And the good prince Ruslan sees:
The shuttle is sailing to the shore;
A young maiden runs out of a dark hut.
A young maiden; slender stature,
Vlas, carelessly loose,
Smile, quiet gaze of the eyes,
Both chest and shoulders are naked,
Everything is sweet, everything captivates in her.
And here they, embracing each other,
Sit down by the cool waters,
And an hour of carefree leisure
For them with love comes.
But in silence in astonishment
Who is a happy fisherman
Our young knight recognizes?
Khazar Khan, chosen by glory,
Ratmir, in love, in a bloody war
His young rival,
Ratmir in the serene desert
Lyudmila, forgot glory
And changed them forever
In the arms of a tender friend.

The hero approached, and instantly
The Hermit recognizes Ruslan,
Rises, flies. There was a cry …
And the prince hugged the young khan.
“What do I see? – asked the hero, –
Why are you here, why did you leave
Anxieties of fighting life
And the sword that you glorified? ”
“My friend,” answered the fisherman, “
The soul is bored with abusive glory
Empty and disastrous ghost.
Believe me: innocent fun,
Love and peaceful oak groves
Dearest to the heart a hundred times.
Now, having lost the thirst for battle,
I stopped paying tribute to the madness,
And, rich in true happiness,
I forgot everything, dear comrade,
Everything, even the charms of Lyudmila. “
“Dear Khan, I am very glad! –
Ruslan said, “she’s with me”.
“Is it possible, by what fate?
Hear what? Russian princess …
She is with you, where is she?
Let me … but no, I’m afraid of treason;
My friend is sweet to me;
My happy change
She was the culprit;
She is my life, she is my joy!
She returned to me again
My lost youth,
And peace, and pure love.
In vain they promised me happiness
The lips of young sorceresses;
The twelve virgins loved me:
I left them for her;
He left their merry tower,
In the shadow of the guardian oak trees;
He folded both the sword and the heavy helmet,
Forgot both the glory and the enemies.
Hermit, peaceful and unknown,
Remained in a happy wilderness,
With you, dear friend, lovely friend,
With you, the light of my soul! ”

Sweet shepherdess listened
Friends open conversation
And, fixing her gaze on the khan,
And smiled and sighed.

The fisherman and the knight on the banks
Sit until the dark night
With heart and soul on their lips –
The clock flew invisibly.
The forest turns black, the mountain is dark;
The moon is rising – everything has become quiet.
It’s high time for the hero to set off –
Throwing a quietly veil
On the sleeping virgin, Ruslan
Goes and sits on a horse;
Thoughtfully silent khan
His soul strives to follow him,
Ruslan wishes happiness, victories
And he wishes glory and love …
And thoughts of proud, young years
Involuntary sadness revives …

Why fate is not destined
My fickle lyre
Heroism with him (unknown in the world)
Love and friendship of old years?
Poet of sad truth,
Why should I for posterity
To expose vice and malice
And the secrets of the machinations of treachery
In truthful songs to denounce?

The princess is an unworthy seeker,
The hunt for glory, having lost,
Unknown, Farlaf
In the remote and calm desert
Hidden and waited for Naina.
And the solemn hour has come.
The sorceress came to him,
Prophetic: “Do you know me?
Follow me; saddle a horse! ”
And the witch turned into a cat;
The horse is saddled, she set off;
The gloomy paths of the oak groves
Farlaf follows her.

The valley was quietly dozing,
In the night clothed with fog,
The moon ran across in the haze
From cloud to cloud and mound
Instant brilliance illuminated.
Under him in silence Ruslan
Sitting with his usual melancholy
Before the lulled princess.
He thought deeply,
Dreams flew after dreams,
And imperceptibly sleep blew
Above him with cold wings.
At the maiden with vague eyes
In a languid slumber he looked
And, with a weary head
Bending at her feet, fell asleep.

And the hero has a prophetic dream:
He sees as if the princess
Above a terrible abyss, depth
Stands motionless and pale …
And suddenly Lyudmila disappears,
Stands alone over the abyss …
A familiar voice, an inviting groan
From a quiet abyss flies …
Ruslan strives for his wife;
The headlong flies in the deep darkness.
And suddenly he sees in front of him:
Vladimir, in a high gridnitsa,
In the circle of gray-haired warriors,
Between the twelve sons,
With a crowd of named guests
Sits at fraudulent tables.
And the old prince is just as angry,
As on a terrible day of parting,
And everyone sits without moving,
Not daring to break the silence.
The cheerful noise of the guests has subsided,
The circular bowl does not go …
And he sees among the guests
In battle, Rogdai is slain:
Killed, as if alive, sits;
From a frothy glass
He is cheerful, drinks and does not look
At the amazed Ruslan.
The prince sees the young khan,
Friends and foes … and suddenly
There was a fugitive sound
And the voice of the prophetic Bayan,
Singer of heroes and fun.
Farlaf enters the gridnitsa,
He leads Lyudmila by the hand;
But the old man, without getting up from his place,
Silent, bowing his head to the gloomy,
Princes, boyars – all are silent,
Soul movements cut.
And everything disappeared – mortal cold
Envelopes the sleeping hero.
He is heavily submerged in slumber,
He sheds painful tears,
In excitement he thinks: this is a dream!
He languishes, but sinister dreams,
Alas, he cannot interrupt.

The moon shines slightly over the mountain;
The groves are embraced by darkness,
The valley is in dead silence …
The traitor rides on a horse.

A clearing opened up in front of him;
He sees a gloomy mound;
Ruslan sleeps at Lyudmila’s feet,
And the horse walks around the mound
Farlaf looks with fear;
The witch disappears in the fog,
His heart sank in him, trembling
From cold hands he drops the bridle,
Quietly draws the sword,
Preparing the knight without a fight
With a swing, cut in two …
I drove up to him.The hero’s horse,
sensed the Enemy, boiled,
Launched and stamped. The sign is in vain!
Ruslan does not heed; an awful dream,
Like a load, over him weighed down! ..
Traitor, encouraged by a witch,
To the hero’s chest with a despicable hand
Thrice cold steel thrust …
And fearfully rushes into the distance
With his precious prey.

Throughout the night the insensible Ruslan
Lied in the darkness under the mountain.
The clock flew by. River Blood
Flowed from inflamed wounds.
In the morning, opening a foggy gaze,
Launching a heavy, weak moan,
With effort he raised himself,
He looked, drooped by the head of the abusive –
And motionless, lifeless fell.

Song of the sixth

You command me, oh my gentle friend,
On a light and careless lyre
They were old to hum
And devote to the faithful muse
Hours of invaluable leisure …
You know, dear friend:
Quarreling with windy rumors,
Your friend, intoxicated with bliss,
Forgotten and solitary work,
And the sound of the lyre dear.
From harmonious fun
I, blissfully intoxicated, lost the habit …
I breathe you – and proud glory
I cannot understand the invocation call
The secret genius left me
And fictions, and sweet thoughts;
Love and thirst for pleasure
Some haunt my mind.
But you command, but you loved
My former stories,
Legends of glory and love;
My hero, my Lyudmila,
Vladimir, witch, Chernomor,
And Finn’s faithful sorrows
Your dreams occupied;
You, listening to my light nonsense,
With a smile sometimes dozed;
But sometimes I cast my tender gaze
More tenderly at the singer …
I will make up my mind; love talker,
Touching lazy strings again;
I sit at your feet and again
Brench about the young knight.

But what did I say? Where is Ruslan?
He lies dead in an open field;
His blood does not flow anymore,
A greedy lie flies above him,
The horn is silent, the armor is motionless,
The shaggy helmet does not move!

A horse walks around Ruslan,
Having lowered his proud head,
Fire disappeared in his eyes!
He does not wave his mane with gold,
He does not amuse himself, he does not jump,
And he waits for Ruslan to rise …
But the prince has a deep cold sleep,
And for a long time his shield will not burst.

And Chernomor? He is behind the saddle,
In the knapsack, forgotten by the witch,
He does not know about anything yet;
Tired, sleepy and angry
To the princess, my hero
He silently scolded for boredom;
Hearing nothing for a long time,
The wizard looked out – about a miracle!
He sees the hero is killed;
The drowned man lies in blood;
Lyudmila is gone, everything is empty in the field;
The villain trembles with joy
And thinks: it’s done, I’m free!
But old Karla was wrong.

Meanwhile, Naina overshadowed
With Lyudmila, quietly put to sleep
Aspires to Kiev Farlaf:
Flies, hope, full of fear;
Before him there are already Dnieper waves
In familiar pastures they rustle;
Already sees the golden-domed city;
Already Farlaf rushes through the hail,
And the noise in the hailstones rises;
In joyful excitement the people
Fell after the rider, crowded;
They run to make their father happy:
And here is the traitor at the porch.

Weeping a burden in the soul of sorrow,
Vladimir-sun at that time
In his high mansion
Sat, languishing in his usual thought.
Boyars, knights around
They sat with gloomy importance.
Suddenly he hears: in front of the porch
Excitement, screams, wonderful noise;
The door opened; before him
An unknown warrior appeared;
Everyone stood up with a dull whisper
And suddenly they were embarrassed, they made a noise:
“Lyudmila is here! Farlaf … really? ”
In a sad face, changing,
The old prince gets up from his chair,
Hastens with heavy steps
Towards his unfortunate daughter,
Approaches; with his father’s hands
He wants to touch her;
But the dear maiden does not heed,
And the enchanted slumbers
In the hands of the murderer – everyone is looking
At the prince in vague anticipation;
And the elder anxious glance
He stared at the knight in silence.
But, slyly pressing his finger to his lips,
“Lyudmila is asleep,” said Farlaf, “
I found her recently
In the deserted Murom forests
In the hands of an evil goblin;
There the work was done gloriously;
We fought for three days; moon
Above the battle three times rose;
He fell, and the young princess
fell into my hands asleep;
And who will interrupt this wonderful dream?
When Will Awakening Come?
I don’t know – the law of fate is hidden!
And hope and patience for us
Some remained in consolation. “

And soon with the news of the fatal
Rumor flew through the hail;
People in a motley crowd
Gradskaya Square began to boil;
The sad tower is open to everyone;
The crowd is agitated, bringing down
There, where on a high bed,
On a brocade blanket
The princess lies in a deep sleep;
Princes and knights all around
Stand sad; trumpets,
Horns, tympans, gusli, tambourines
Thundering over her; the old prince,
Wearing a heavy melancholy,
Gray-haired hair at Lyudmila’s feet
Prized with silent tears;
And the pale near him Farlaf
In mute repentance, in vexation,
Trembles, having lost his insolence.

Night has come. No one in the city
Sleepless eyes did not close;
Rustling, all crowded together:
He talked about every miracle;
The young spouse forgot his wife
In the humble loft he forgot.
But only the light of the two-horned moon
Disappeared before the dawn,
All Kiev with a new alarm
Confused! Clicks, noise and howling
Arose everywhere. The people of Kiev
Crowd on the city wall …
And they see: in the morning fog
The tents are turning white across the river;
Shields, like a glow, shine,
In the fields riders flicker,
In the distance, lifting black dust;
Camping carts are going,
Bonfires are burning in the hills.
Trouble: the Pechenegs have risen!

But at this time the prophetic Finn,
The mighty lord of the spirits,
In his serene desert,
Waiting with a calm heart,
So that the day of inevitable fate,
Long foreseen, will rise.

In the silent wilderness of the combustible steppes
Behind the distant chain of wild mountains,
Dwellings of winds, explosive storms,
Where witches have a brave gaze
He is afraid to penetrate at a late hour,
A wonderful valley lurks,
And in that valley there are two keys:
One flows a living wave,
Murmuring merrily over the stones,
He pours out dead water;
Everything is quiet around, the winds are sleeping,
The spring chill does not blow,
The pine trees do not rustle for hundreds of years,
Birds do not hover, the deer does not dare
In the summer heat, drink from secret waters;
A couple of spirits since the beginning of the world,
Silent in the bosom of the world,
The dense coast guards …
With two empty jugs
A hermit appeared before them;
The spirits interrupted the old dream
And they departed full of fear.
Bending down, he plunges
Vessels into virgin waves;
Filled it, disappeared in the air
And found myself in two moments
In the valley where Ruslan lay
In blood, voiceless, without movement;
And the old man stood over the knight,
And he sprinkled with dead water,
And the wounds shone in an instant,
And the corpse with wonderful beauty
Bloomed; Then the old man sprinkled living water
And cheerful, full of new strength,
Trembling with a young life,
Ruslan rises, on a clear day
With greedy eyes,
Like an ugly dream, like a shadow,
Before him the past flashes.
But where is Lyudmila? He is alone!
In him, the heart, flashing, freezes.
Suddenly the knight flies up; the prophetic Finn
Calls him and hugs him:
“Fate has come true, oh my son!
The bliss awaits you;
The bloody feast is calling you;
Your formidable sword will strike with disaster;
A meek peace will descend on Kiev,
And there she will appear to you.
Take the coveted ring,
Touch Lyudmila’s brow with it,
And the secret spells will disappear,
Your face will confuse your enemies,
Peace will come, malice will die.
Be both worthy of happiness!
Forgive me for a long time, my knight!
Give your hand … there, behind the door of the coffin –
Not before – we’ll see you! ”
Said disappeared. Intoxicated with
Ardent and dumb Delight,
Ruslan, awakened for life,
Raises his hands after him.
But nothing is heard more!
Ruslan alone in a desert field;
Jumping, with Karla behind the saddle,
Ruslanov’s impatient horse
Runs and neighs, waving his mane;
Already the prince is ready, he is already on horseback,
Already he is flying alive and sound
Through the fields, through the oak groves.

But meanwhile what a shame
Is Kiev besieged?
There, fixing their gaze on the fields,
The people, struck with despondency,
Stands on the towers and walls
And in fear awaits the heavenly execution;
Timid groaning in the houses,
The silence of fear is on the stohn;
Alone, near his daughter,
Vladimir in sorrowful prayer;
And the brave host of heroes
With the faithful retinue of princes
Prepares for a bloody battle.

And the day has come. Crowds of enemies
At dawn moved from the hills;
Indomitable squads,
Excitedly, rushed from the plain
And flowed to the city wall;
Trumpets rang out in the hail,
The fighters closed, flew
Towards the brave army,
They met – and the battle began.
Feeling death, the horses leaped,
Swords went to knock on armor;
A cloud of arrows rose up with a whistle,
The plain was filled with blood;
The headlong riders rushed off,
The horse squads mingled;
Close, friendly wall
There the formation is cut with the formation;
The footman fights with the rider there;
There, a frightened horse rushes;
There the Russian fell, there the Pecheneg;
There are cliques of battle, there is an escape;
He was overturned with a mace;
He was struck by an arrow with a light;
Another, crushed by a shield,
Trampled by a mad horse …
And the battle lasted until the dark night;
Neither the enemy nor ours defeated!
Behind the piles of bloody bodies
The soldiers closed their languid eyes,
And their abusive sleep was strong;
Only occasionally on the battlefield
The mournful groan of the fallen was heard
And the Russian knights of prayer.

The morning shadow turned pale,
The wave was silvered in the stream,
The dubious day was born
In the foggy east.
Hills and forests were bright,
And the heavens were awakening.
Still in idle peace
The battle field was dozing;
Suddenly the sleep was interrupted: the enemy camp
With a noisy alarm rose up,
A sudden cry of battles burst out;
The hearts of the people of Kiev were confused;
They run in discordant crowds
And see: in the field between the enemies,
Shining in armor, as if on fire,
Wonderful warrior on horseback
Rushing like a thunderstorm, stabbing, chopping,
In a roaring horn, flying, trumpeting …
That was Ruslan.Like the thunder of God,
Our knight fell on the Basurman;
He prowls with Karla behind the saddle
Among the frightened camp.
Wherever a formidable sword enlightens,
Where an angry horse does not rush,
Everywhere heads fly off the shoulders
And with a cry the line falls on the line;
In an instant, an abusive meadow
Covered with hills of bloody bodies,
Alive, crushed, headless,
A multitude of spears, arrows, chain mail.
To the sound of the trumpet, to the voice of the battle
Horse squads of the Slavs
Rushed in the footsteps of the hero,
Fought … perish, basurman!
Embraces the horror of the Pechenegs;
Pets stormy raids
The scattered horses are called,
They dare not resist more
And with a wild cry in a dusty field
They run from Kiev swords,
Doomed to sacrifice to hell;
Their host will be executed by the Russian sword;
Kiev rejoices … But in the hail
The mighty hero flies;
He holds a victorious sword in his right hand;
The spear shines like a star;
Blood flows from copper chain mail;
There is a beard on the helmet;
Flies, hoped with hope,
Along noisy haystacks to the prince’s house.
The people, intoxicated with delight,
Crowd around with cries,
And the prince revived the joy.
He enters the silent tower,
Where Lyudmila sleeps in a wonderful dream.
Vladimir, immersed in thought,
At her feet stood sad.
He was alone. His friends
The war drew him to the bloody fields.
But Farlaf is with him, shunning the glory
Far from the enemy swords,
In his soul, disdaining the anxieties of the camp,
He stood guard at the door.
As soon as the villain recognized Ruslan,
His blood cooled down, his eyes went out,
A voice froze in his open mouth,
And he fell senseless on his knees …
Treason awaits a worthy execution!
But, remembering the secret gift of the ring,
Ruslan flies to the sleeping Lyudmila,
Her calm face
Touches with a trembling hand …
And a miracle: the young princess,
Sighing, she opened her bright eyes!
It seemed as if she was
Marveling at such a long night;
It seemed like some kind of dream
She was tormented by an obscure dream,
And suddenly I found out – this is him!
And the prince is in the arms of the beautiful.
Having resurrected with a fiery soul,
Ruslan does not see, does not heed,
And the old man, in dumb joy,
Sobbing, embraces the dear ones.

How will I end my long story?
You will guess, my dear friend!
The unrighteous old man’s anger extinguished,
Farlaf before him and before Lyudmila
At the feet of Ruslan announced
His shame and dark villainy;
The happy prince forgave him;
Deprived of the power of sorcery,
Charles was received into the palace;
And, celebrating the end of disasters,
Vladimir in the high gridnitsa
Zoomed in his family.

Cases of bygone days,
Legends of deep antiquity.


So, an indifferent inhabitant of the world,
In the bosom of idle silence,
I praised the obedient lyre
Legends of dark antiquity.
I sang – and forgot the insults
Blind happiness and enemies,
Treason of windy Dorida
And noisy gossip of fools.
Carried on the wings of fiction,
The mind flew away beyond the edge of the earth;
And meanwhile invisible thunderstorms
A cloud was gathering over me! .