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Can Women Get Jock Itch? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

From yeast infections to bacterial vaginosis, there are many conditions that can cause an itchy groin area in females. If you’re experiencing a rash, dry flaky skin in the pubic area and female itching, you might be wondering can women get jock itch? While this condition is most common in men, jock itch in women does occur. Here’s how to know if jock itch is the cause of your discomfort and how your doctor can help.

What is Jock Itch?

Jock itch is a fungal infection of the skin of the groin and the inner thighs. Even though jock itch is uncomfortable, it isn’t dangerous. But without treatment it can last for months.

Causes of Jock Itch in Women

Jock itch is caused by a fungus called tinea, from the same family of fungi responsible for ring worm and athlete’s foot. What causes this fungal infection of the groin in females? Tinea likes to live in hot, moist environments. That’s why it spreads easily in places like locker rooms and public showers and can readily be passed by sharing contaminated towels or gym clothes. Wearing tight clothes, especially underwear, exercise clothes and bathing suits also encourages its growth.

Risk Factors

Some people are especially prone to jock itch, such as:

Symptoms of Jock Itch

A red ring-shaped rash on the inner thigh near the groin in females is often one of the first signs of jock itch. It is usually dry and flaky and can also contain small, red fluid-filled blisters that may ooze.

Other telltale signs to be on the lookout for include:

  • Redness of the skin surrounding the groin, thighs or anus
  • Itchy, burning skin
  • Dry, flaky or peeling skin

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your doctor can usually diagnose jock itch by examining the affected area. In some cases, such as infection that doesn’t respond to treatment, your doctor may additionally want to take a small sample of cells to view under a microscope or to send to a lab for closer analysis.

Treatment generally consists of over-the-counter antifungal creams, lotions or gels for roughly 10 days to two weeks. Stubborn infections that don’t respond to these remedies may require stronger treatment with prescription creams, ointments or pills.


Once you’ve had jock itch, you’re more likely to get it again. Whether you’re experiencing jock itch for the first time or you’re prone to it, keeping your skin clean and dry is the first line of defense.

These tips can also help:

  • Dry off thoroughly after showering or bathing
  • Don’t share towels or clothes with others
  • Wash bed linens and towels in hot water and detergent
  • Change into clean, dry clothes and socks after exercise or swimming
  • Protect your feet from athlete’s foot by wearing shoes or sandals in public places
  • Avoid public showers, if possible

Is it Jock Itch or Something Else?

It can be helpful to know that jock itch isn’t the only cause of an itchy groin or itchy inner thighs in females. In fact, there are many other conditions responsible for feminine itching.

Here are the most common ones to know about and how they differ from jock itch:

  • Genital psoriasis. This usually occurs in people who have psoriasis on other body parts. However, it may be less scaly than other forms of psoriasis.
  • Vulvar irritation. Scented soaps, bubble baths and pantyliners as well as douches and personal hygiene sprays may all cause stinging and burning of the outer covering of your sex organs, called the vulva.
  • Latex condoms, spermicides, fragrances, lubricants, tea tree oil and antibiotic ointments can trigger allergic reactions in the vulvar region.
  • This infection is characterized by severe itching in the anus, especially at night.
  • Yeast infection. Is usually accompanied by a thick vaginal discharge.
  • Bacterial vaginosis. This imbalance of bacteria in the vagina often causes a thin vaginal discharge with a fishy-smelling odor.

Feminine itching is a common complaint, but it doesn’t have to disrupt your life. If you have a rash on the inner thigh or if female itching is a problem, your doctor can help. Call us at 678-201-1283 or schedule an appointment online at www.advancedgynecology.com.

Fungal Infection, Fungal Rash, Skin Fungus Treatment


What is skin fungus?

A fungus is a tiny organism, such as mold or mildew. Fungi are everywhere — in the air and water and on the human body. About half of fungi are harmful. If one of the harmful fungi lands on your skin, it can cause a fungal infection. You may develop a rash or feel itchy.

Who is at risk for developing a fungal rash?

Anyone can develop a fungal rash. Superficial infections of the skin and nails are cited as the most common form of infection, affecting up to 20-25% of the world’s population at any given time. For example, athlete’s foot often affects otherwise healthy people. You may have a higher risk for developing a skin rash if you:

  • Have a weakened immune system (for example, if you take immunosuppressant medications, have a disease that weakens the immune system or are undergoing chemotherapy).
  • Take long-term or high-dose antibiotics.
  • Have excess weight.
  • Have diabetes.
  • Try a new skin care product.
  • Experience incontinence (for example, babies getting diaper rashes).
  • Sweat heavily.
  • Are pregnant.

What does a fungal rash look like?

A fungal skin infection often looks bright red and can spread across a large area. A fungal skin rash may also have characteristics including:

  • Color more intense at the border.
  • Scale more intense at the border
  • Smaller, more defined lesions (pustules) at the edges of the rash area.

Where does a fungal rash appear?

The rash can appear anywhere on the body, including the nails. It’s more common in areas with skin folds, such as the groin, buttocks or thighs.

What are different types of skin rashes?

The medical name for a fungal skin infection is tinea. Types of fungal infections include:

  • Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis): The most common type of fungal infection, this condition often spreads when people walk barefoot in public bathrooms or locker rooms. The skin between your toes turns white and starts to peel. Athlete’s foot can also affect the soles (bottoms) of the feet.
  • Nail fungus (onychomycosis): This infection is a common foot problem. It usually affects the toenails, which become yellow and thick and break easily.
  • Jock itch (tinea cruris): A rash of the groin area, jock itch affects more men than women.
  • Scalp ringworm (tinea capitis): This rash occurs mostly in children. It causes hair loss, but with the right treatment, the hair usually grows back.
  • Ringworm (tinea corporis): This “catch-all” term is what healthcare providers call a rash that doesn’t fit into any other category. The rash often forms a ring shape.

Symptoms and Causes

What causes a fungal rash?

When your skin comes into contact with a harmful fungus, the infection can cause the rash to appear. For example, if you borrowed a pair of shoes from someone who had athlete’s foot, the fungus could come in contact with your foot and infect you. Rashes often pass from person to person or from animal to person by direct contact.

What are symptoms of a fungal rash?

A fungal rash is often red and itches or burns. You may have red, swollen bumps like pimples or scaly, flaky patches.

Diagnosis and Tests

How is a fungal rash diagnosed?

A healthcare provider may be able to diagnose a fungal rash by looking at it and asking about your symptoms. Many times, the diagnosis can be confirmed by examining scrapings of the scale under the microscope (KOH preparation). In some cases, you may need a fungal culture test to identify a specific fungus and help determine the best treatment for you.

During a fungal culture test, your provider may take a small sample of skin (biopsy) or fluid (aspiration). For severe infections, you may need a blood test.

Management and Treatment

How is skin fungus treated?

Treatment for skin fungus includes:

  • Antifungal creams, many of which are available over-the-counter.
  • Stronger prescription medications, which may work faster.
  • Oral medicines, if the fungal infection is severe.

Can I treat a fungal rash at home?

It’s important for your healthcare provider to see the rash, especially if this is the first time the rash has appeared. Your provider can diagnose it and discuss the best course of action to treat it. Treating a fungal rash with an anti-itch cream that contains a steroid may make the infection worse and more difficult to treat.


How can I prevent a fungal rash?

In some people, fungal rashes tend to come back (recur) even after treatment. Recurring infections may be due to genetics — you may be more prone to developing these infections. These steps can help prevent a rash from recurring or developing in the first place:

Good foot hygiene

  • Change your socks and wash your feet regularly. Avoid shoes made of plastic, which doesn’t breathe.
  • Don’t walk barefoot, especially in places that may be wet, such as gym showers and locker rooms.
  • When cutting your toenails, cut straight across the nail. If you have an ingrown toenail, you may need to see a podiatrist to care for it. And if you have a fungal nail infection, don’t use the same nail clippers on healthy nails and infected nails.

Proper medicine use

  • If your healthcare provider prescribed a cream (or advised you to use an over-the-counter cream), use the medicine as long as directed. Even after you can no longer see the rash, the fungal infection may still be there, so keep applying the cream as long as your provider recommends.
  • Your healthcare provider may recommend the same course of treatment for all the members of your family. Often, people living together can pass an infection back and forth. Treating everyone will help make sure the infection is truly gone.
  • Talk to your healthcare provider about whether you should use an antifungal cream regularly on your feet and nails to help prevent infections.
  • Using antifungal powder in your shoes every day may help prevent athlete’s foot.

Outlook / Prognosis

How long will I have the skin rash?

How long the treatment takes to work can differ from person to person. It usually takes a few days to a few weeks to clear up. The fungal infection may come back, however. Talk to your healthcare provider about steps you can take to prevent the infection from returning.

Living With

When should I see my doctor about a rash?

Most rashes are not serious. But it’s always a good idea to see your healthcare provider if you have skin changes. Your provider can recommend a course of treatment to help you feel better and diagnose any underlying conditions.

Call your healthcare provider or go to the emergency room if the rash:

  • Is all over your body.
  • Starts suddenly and spreads quickly.
  • Is painful, blistered or infected.
  • Happens along with a fever.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Fungal skin rashes can be uncomfortable and itchy, but they are treatable. See your healthcare provider if you notice any rashes or changes in your skin. Typically, a course of antifungal creams (either prescription or over-the-counter) will clear up the rash and relieve the itchiness. Your healthcare provider can also discuss preventive steps to keep the rash from coming back.

Tinea Infection | Cedars-Sinai

Not what you’re looking for?

What is tinea infection?

Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin. Tinea is also known as
ringworm. This is because it can cause red patches on the skin in the shape of
rings. But it’s not caused by worms. It’s caused by different types of fungi. Tinea
infection can affect any part of the body. Tinea infections of the feet, nails, and
genital area are not often called ringworm. This is because the red patches may not
look like rings. But it most often occurs in moist areas of the body and around
hair. The fungus can be spread from person to person.

Different types of fungal (tinea) infections are named for where
they occur on the body. The most common types are:

  • Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis).
    This common type occurs on the feet and between the toes. It may be caused by
    sweating, not drying the feet after swimming or bathing, wearing tight socks and
    shoes, and warm weather.
  • Jock itch (tinea cruris). This
    rash occurs in the groin. Jock itch may be hard to cure. This condition is more
    common in men and rare in women. It happens more often in warm weather.
  • Scalp ringworm (tinea capitis).
    Scalp ringworm occurs on the head. It is very contagious but rare in adults.
  • Nail infection (tinea unguium or
    This is an infection of the toenails, and sometimes
    fingernails. It causes thickened, deformed, and discolored nails instead of a
  • Body ringworm (tinea corporis).
    This occurs anywhere on the body or the face. But it is more common in skin
    folds. It is also more common in warmer climates.

What causes tinea infection?

The fungus that causes tinea is very common all over the world,
including the U.S. It’s very contagious. The fungus is spread through direct contact

It can take days or up to 2 weeks before you develop the infection
after being in contact with the fungus. The fungi that cause ringworm can live for
long time on objects. Because of this, you may not know the exact source.

Who is at risk for tinea infection?

You are more at risk for tinea infection if you:

  • Live in a warm climate
  • Have contact with people or pets that have tinea
  • Play contact sports, such as wrestling
  • Use communal baths or locker rooms
  • Share towels, clothing, combs, or brushes
  • Have poor hygiene
  • Have a depressed immune system because of disease or
  • Don’t have good nutrition

What are the symptoms of tinea infection?

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each person. 

Symptoms of athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) may include:

  • Itchy, burning rash on the feet
  • Whitening and breakdown of the skin between the toes
  • Scaling of the feet
  • Blisters on the feet

Symptoms of jock itch (tinea cruris) may include:

  • Red, ring-like patches in the groin area and inner thighs,
    but not scrotum
  • Itching in the groin area
  • Pain in the groin area

Symptoms of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) may include:

  • Red, scaly rash on the scalp
  • Itching of the scalp
  • Hair loss on the scalp
  • Enlarged lymph nodes

Symptoms of nail infection (tinea unguium, onychomycosis) may

  • Thickening of the ends of the nails
  • Yellow color to the nails

Symptoms of body ringworm (tinea corporis) may include:

  • Red, ring-shaped patches with raised, scaly edges
  • Itching

The symptoms of tinea infection can be like other health
conditions. Psoriasis, pityriasis rosea, and atopic dermatitis all look similar.
Make sure to see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is tinea infection diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and health
history. They will give you a physical exam. The physical exam will include looking
closely at your skin or nails. You may also have tests, such as:

  • Skin scraping. The healthcare
    provider may scrape the top of your skin with a small tool. This does not hurt.
    The scraped tissue is looked at with a microscope. This test can confirm the
  • Biopsy. If the infection is on
    the scalp or in the nails, the provider will take samples of hair or nail
    clippings to look at with a microscope to identify the fungus.
  • Skin culture. A sample of skin
    may be sent to a lab to see what kind of fungus is growing. This is called a

How is tinea infection treated?

Tinea may be hard to cure. Scalp ringworm and nail infection are
hardest to treat. The length of the treatment depends on the location of the tinea.
Fungi can live for a long time on the skin. Because of this, tinea infection is hard
to cure and can come back easily. Treatment may need to be repeated.

Treatment of athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) may include:

  • Antifungal cream
  • Antifungal medicine by mouth

Treatment of jock itch (tinea cruris) may include:

  • Antifungal cream
  • Antifungal medicine by mouth

Treatment of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) may include:

  • Antifungal medicine by mouth for weeks or months
  • A special shampoo to help kill the fungus. Shampoos are used
    along with the oral medicine. They won’t get rid of the fungus by

Treatment of nail infection (tinea unguium) may include:

  • Antifungal medicine by mouth for weeks or months. This is
    the most effective treatment.
  • Medicated nail lacquers. These are occasionally
  • Treatment of body ringworm (tinea corporis) may

    • Antifungal cream
    • Antifungal medicine by mouth

During treatment:

  • Don’t scratch at the rash or pick at the rash. This can
    cause infection and scarring.
  • Take medicine as prescribed. If you were prescribed a cream,
    apply it exactly as directed. Put the cream on the rash and also on the skin 1
    or 2 inches around the rash.
  • Scrub your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20
    seconds before and after you use the medicine on the rash. This will keep from
    spreading the fungus.
  • Take medicine by mouth as directed until your healthcare
    provider says to stop.
  • Keep tinea from spreading to others. It can be spread by
    skin-to-skin contact and sharing personal items, such as brushes, shoes, or
  • When you wash the area of your body that has ringworm, wash
    your hands before touching any other part of your body. Use a different towel to
    dry the rest of your body to prevent spreading the ringworm. Wash towels in hot,
    soapy water.
  • Keep the part of your body that has ringworm clean and
  • Wear shower shoes in public pools, gyms, locker rooms, and
    public showers. Ringworm can live on gym equipment for a long time.
  • Talk with your healthcare providers about the risks,
    benefits, and possible side effects of all treatments.

What are possible complications of tinea infection?

Tinea of the scalp can also develop into a kerion. This is a
large, painful, swollen sore over the area of the tinea infection. This is caused
a hypersensitivity to the tinea. The lymph nodes in your neck may be swollen and
sore. You may also have a rash on another part of your body. A kerion may be treated
with steroid medicine to help reduce inflammation and swelling.

In some cases, a tinea infection can lead to an infection by
bacteria. This may be treated with antibiotics.

Can tinea infection be prevented?

Some types of tinea infection can be prevented if you:

  • Wash after you get dirty or sweaty, or after using a locker
  • Don’t go barefoot. Wear shower shoes in public showers,
    gyms, locker rooms, and pools.
  • Don’t share towels, combs, brushes, clothing, or shoes.
  • Keep your skin and feet dry.
  • Wear clean, loose-fitting underwear.
  • Make sure your pet does not have ringworm. People can get
    ringworm from animals. If you think your pet has ringworm, take the pet to a
    veterinarian for treatment. The vet can advise you on how to disinfect your

When should I call my healthcare provider?

Call the healthcare provider if:

  • The rash does not get better after 10 days of treatment
  • The rash spreads to other areas of the body
  • Redness around the rash gets worse
  • Fluid leaks from the rash
  • You have a fever of 100.4º (38ºC) or higher, or as directed
    by your healthcare provider

Key points about tinea infection

  • Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin. It is also known as
    ringworm. But it is not caused by worms.
  • The fungus is very contagious and can be spread from person
    to person.
  • Tinea infection can affect any part of the body. But it most
    often occurs on the feet, groin, nails, body, and scalp.
  • Treatment depends on what part of the body is infected. It
    may include antifungal cream, shampoo, or medicine by mouth.
  • Some types of tinea infection can be prevented if you don’t
    share personal hygiene products, clothing, or shoes and keep your skin dry.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare

  • Know the reason for your visit and what you want to
  • Before your visit, write down questions you want
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and
    remember what your provider tells you.
  • At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis and any
    new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your
    provider gives you.
  • Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed and how
    it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the
    results could mean.
  • Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have
    the test or procedure.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date,
    time, and purpose for that visit.
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have

Medical Reviewer: Michael Lehrer MD

Medical Reviewer: Marianne Fraser MSN RN

Medical Reviewer: Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN

© 2000-2021 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional’s instructions.

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8 Causes of Itchy Crotch and How To Relieve Itching In Your Groin

An itchy crotch can be a bummer. But scratching only makes the situation worse. In order to soothe that sensitive skin in your groin area, you need to figure out what’s behind the itching in the first place.

There are a number of causes, says dermatologist Joshua Zeichner, M.D., director of cosmetic and clinical research at Mount Sinai Hospital. Some of these can be innocent—say, a new laundry detergent—but others, like infections, can be more serious.

Here, your cheat sheet on 8 conditions that could be behind your itchy crotch—and what you can do to stop the scratching, stat.

Fungal Infections

How you know you have it: You’ll likely develop a rash along with the itching, though its appearance varies depending on the type of fungus causing it. For instance, if a yeast infection is responsible, you may notice shiny, moist areas of skin on your penis, and possibly some white stuff in the skin folds, along with the red, itchy rash, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Yeast is normally present in small amounts on your skin, but an overgrowth of it can cause an infection. This tends to occur in moist places that don’t get much light, says Jason Reichenberg, M.D., director of dermatology at the University of Texas Austin. So it usually shows up on the sides of your groin, between your genitals and thighs.

Other fungal infections look a little different: They appear dry and flaky, and usually crop up on your thighs, Dr. Reichenberg says.

One to look out for is tinea cruris, also known as having a case of jock itch. Tinea cruris affects the genitals, as well as the inner thighs and butt. Similarly, it is caused by increased moisture. To help prevent this and other types of fungal infections, avoid staying in wet clothes too long, such as after exercising. On top of that, try to avoid wearing any tightly fitting clothing if you’re planning on getting sweaty. Fungus thrives in the moist, warm environment created by tight, wet clothing.

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How to treat it: For jock itch, you could reach for an OTC topical antifungal cream like Lotrimin AF. But if you really want to get rid of the itch in that awkward-to-relieve spot, try a prescription antifungal wash first, recommends Ife J. Rodney, MD, founding director of Eternal Dermatology + Aesthetics in Fulton, MD. You lather and wash with it, leave it on the skin for 10 minutes and rinse off (and then dry the area thoroughly). It doesn’t add moisture to the equation after your shower like creams can, and it gets in hard-to-reach areas. If it doesn’t go away, check in with your doctor, who can see if there’s another cause of the infection or can prescribe something else that might work better.


How you know you have it: Chafing occurs when your skin rubs together—commonly your thighs. It usually develops when you’re doing an activity that involves a lot of friction, like running.

The rubbing can disturb your skin barrier, causing tiny cracks and inflammation on your outer layers of skin. This causes a red, irritated rash that burns and itches. Your skin can also grow scaly, too, Dr. Zeichner says.

How to treat it: If you have an active lifestyle, “the best way to prevent chafing is to use a barrier ointment, like Aquaphor, on your skin just before the activity. It helps protect and reinforce the skin barrier so that there is no skin breakdown,” says Dr. Rodney.


How you know you have it: If you have this skin condition, you’ll develop a raw, red rash that itches and stings, usually in areas that contain lots of moisture from sweating, Dr. Zeichner says. It can be made worse by encouraging an overgrowth of bacteria and fungus; both like moist environments. This will appear in places like your groin, between the folds of your stomach, under your arms, or between your toes, according to the Mayo Clinic.

How to treat it: Antibacterial creams like Neosporin can take care of the bacteria, and antifungal creams, like Lotrimin, can take care of the fungus.

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If the rash persists for one to two weeks, head to your dermatologist. He or she will likely prescribe stronger versions of these medications to smooth over the irritation, Dr. Zeichner says.

Contact Dermatitis

How you know you have it: Contact dermatitis occurs when your skin comes in contact with something it’s allergic to. “This could be to a food, fabric, metal, fragrance, or other substance,” says Dr. Rodney.

You’ll likely develop a super itchy, red rash that looks bumpy. It might even ooze a clear or yellowish fluid, which shows that the top layer of your skin has been disrupted, says Dr. Reichenberg.

Contact dermatitis is likely the cause if you notice that itchy rash and you’ve recently changed something in your routine—say, you tried a new laundry detergent or fabric softener, or even bought a new couch made of a different material—right before you noticed it, says Dr. Reichenberg. You’ll usually start to notice a reaction hours or even a few days later.

You’ll also probably experience itching on other body parts that were exposed to the allergen, too, he says. Your itchy balls will likely bother you more, though, since their thin skin is more sensitive to allergens.

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How to treat it: To stop the itching, apply a hydrocortisone ointment to the area twice a day, recommends Dr. Rodney. “This can calm the inflammation and ease the itching and discomfort,” she says. “Applying a thin layer of Vaseline can help to create a barrier to protect the inflamed skin from the elements.”

Then, when you’re stopped scratching, think about what changes you’ve made in your routine recently. Once you’ve identified the possible trigger, stop using the chemical or material you think may be responsible. If it’s clothing washed in a new detergent, rewash it a few times with your previous brand, says Dr. Reichenberg.

If contact dermatitis was responsible, the reaction should disappear in about two weeks.

Pubic lice

How you know you have it: If you start to notice intense itching, irritation, and tiny specks in your pubic hair, you might have contracted a type of parasite called pubic lice, also known as crabs.

You may see tiny white or yellowish specks near the roots of your pubic hair. Those are the lice eggs, says Dennis Fortenberry, M.D., a professor of adolescent medicine at Indiana University. You might also spot the lice themselves crawling—they’re tan or grayish-white, and if you’re brave enough to look at one through a magnifying glass, it’d resemble a mini crab, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

How to treat it: Head to your doctor—he or she will confirm that your problem actually is lice, and send you home with a shampoo or lotion containing either permethrin or pyrethrins with piperonyl butoxide, which will kill the lice Dr. Fortenberry says.

While pubic lice is most commonly associated with being a sexually transmitted disease, according to the Mayo Clinic, you can also contract crabs from contaminated blankets or towels. So even if you haven’t had sex recently, don’t rule out the possibility and still seek out proper treatment.

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How you know you have it: For some guys, itching can be the first symptom of this sexually transmitted infection (STI), which is caused by the herpes virus, Dr. Fortenberry says. That itch will usually turn to burning, and within about a day, a blister or cluster of blisters can form. Then, the blisters can break, leading to painful sores.


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If you’ve experienced those symptoms in the past and they keep cropping back up, that might point to herpes, since the infection usually causes recurrent outbreaks.

How to treat it: This is another case where you’ll head to your doctor. He or she will diagnose you, either by simply looking at the appearance of your blisters or by performing a blood test or culture of the lesion, reports the CDC.

There’s no cure for herpes, but your doctor can provide some treatment. Antiviral meds, like Valtrex, Zovirax, or Famvir, can shorten the outbreak or prevent one from occurring. They also may reduce the chances of passing on the virus to your partner.

If you do have herpes, condoms can also help prevent it from spreading to your partner. However, especially during an outbreak, Planned Parenthood points out that a condom may not entirely cover your sores, and your partner can still be at risk of contracting it.


How you know you have it: You can develop this skin condition anywhere on your body–including the genital region, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Common signs of psoriasis include dry, thick, and raised skin that appear in patches. Usually, there’s a white, scale coating, but psoriasis may look different on the genitals and have less scales than in other areas. Usually, people who have genital psoriasis also have the condition on other areas of their bodies.

How to treat it: If you use a prescription to treat psoriasis on other regions of your skin, you’ll want to check with the doctor before applying to genitals. Some treatments, like Tazarotene, may irritate the area and make symptoms worse. Wearing loose-fitting underwear and using a mild fragrance-free cleanser can help the condition.

Genital Warts

How you know you have it: Genital warts are a common symptom of the STI human papillomavirus (HPV). Not only is HPV the the most common STI, but the CDC reports that symptoms can take years to develop, making it harder to determine when you became infected. Genital warts are typically soft to the touch and skin colored, and some may even resemble a cauliflower. You might notice just one, or they could crop up in a cluster, Dr. Fortenberry says. But other than some itching, the warts don’t feel like anything.

How to treat it: If you think you have genital warts, check in with your doctor, Dr. Fortenberry says. He or she will likely prescribe a medication that contains Imiquimod, Podofilox, or Sinecatechins, which will stimulate your body’s immune system to clear up the warts.

Or, he or she may apply liquid nitrogen to the growth, which will freeze it off.

However, even though you can get rid of the wart, you can’t eliminate the virus from your system—meaning more warts could crop up down the road, and you can still spread it to others if you don’t have a visible wart.

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Tinea Infections (Ringworm) | Johns Hopkins Medicine

What are tinea infections?

Different fungi, depending on their location on the body, cause ringworm. It is caused by a fungal infection—not an actual worm. Fungi on the skin, hair, and nail bed are called dermatophytes. Also referred to by healthcare providers as Tinea infections, infection on the scalp, arms, legs, face, and trunk is characterized by ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers. Tinea infections of the feet, nails, and genital areas are not generally referred to as ringworm, as they may not take on the typical ring shape. There is an increased risk of contracting ringworm and other tinea infections if a person:

  • Is malnourished

  • Has poor hygiene

  • Lives in a warm climate

  • Has contact with other people or pets that have ringworm

  • Is immunocompromised by disease or medicine

  • Plays contact sports, such as wrestling 

  • Uses communal baths or locker rooms 

What are the most common types of tinea infections?

The most common types of ringworm include the following:

  • Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis). This common condition mostly affects teen and adult males. It affects children before puberty less often. Contributing causes include sweating, not drying the feet well after swimming or bathing, wearing tight socks and shoes, and warm weather conditions. Symptoms of athlete’s foot may include:

  • Jock itch (tinea cruris). Ringworm may be hard to cure. This condition is also more common in males and happens more often during warm weather conditions. It is very rare in females. Symptoms of jock itch may include:

    • Red, ring-like patches in the groin area

    • Itching in the groin area

    • Pain in the groin area

    • Does not usually involve the scrotum

  • Scalp ringworm (tinea capitis). Scalp ringworm is highly contagious, especially among children. It happens mainly in children between the ages of 2 to 10. It rarely happens in adults. Symptoms of scalp ringworm may include:

    • Red, scaly rash on the scalp

    • Itching of the scalp

    • Hair loss on the scalp

    • Rash elsewhere on the body

    Ringworm of the scalp can also develop into a kerion, a large, tender lesion over the area of the initial ringworm. This is caused by a hypersensitivity to the ringworm and may be associated with a rash elsewhere and tender lymph nodes in the neck.

  • Nail infection (tinea unguium). An infection of the finger or toe nail, this type is characterized by a thickened, deformed nail. This condition more often affects the toenails than the fingernails. It happens more often in adolescents and adults rather than young children. Symptoms of nail ringworm may include:

  • Body ringworm (tinea corporis). This skin infection is characterized by a ring-like rash anywhere on the body or the face. It happens in all ages, but is seen more often in children. It is more common in warmer climates. The symptoms of body ringworm may include:

    • Red, circular lesion with raised edges

    • The middle of the lesion may become less red as the lesion grows

    • Itching of the affected area

The symptoms of ringworm may resemble other skin conditions. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is ringworm and other tinea infection diagnosed?

Ringworm is usually diagnosed based on a medical history and physical exam. The lesions of ringworm are unique, and usually allow for a diagnosis simply on physical exam. In addition, your healthcare provider may order a culture or skin scraping of the lesion to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment for ringworm and other tinea infection

Ringworm may be hard to cure. Specific treatment will be discussed with you by your healthcare provider based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the condition

  • Location of the ringworm

  • Your tolerance for specific medicines, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the condition

  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment for scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) or nail infection (tinea unguium) is hardest to treat and usually includes an oral antifungal medicine for many weeks. Some people need longer treatment. Treatment for scalp ringworm may also involve the use of a special shampoo, to help eliminate the fungus. If a kerion is present (a large, tender, swollen lesion) or you have developed a secondary abscess or bacterial infection, your healthcare provider may order additional medicines, such as steroids, to help reduce the swelling.

Treatment for ringworm of the body, groin, and foot is usually a topical antifungal agent or an oral antifungal medicine. The length of the treatment depends on the location of the ringworm. Because the fungi can live indefinitely on the skin, recurrences of ringworm are likely. Treatment may need to be repeated.

If you have ringworm symptoms, see your healthcare provider for treatment recommendations. It is important to note that common home remedies do not effectively treat this condition. 

Fungal and Yeast Infections – Bridgeport, WV Dermatologist


Fungal infections of the skin are common. Many fungi and yeast live on human skin without causing disease, but when these organisms become overgrown, or when new, less common organisms settle in, a rash can develop.

The fungi are attracted to warm, moist environments, so many of the conditions occur in covered locations or in areas of skin folds:

Common Fungal Infections:

  • Tinea corporis, or ringworm, is especially common among children. Tinea corporis is characterized by ring-shaped, scaly and often itchy patches of the skin. Ringworm is contagious and can be passed from person to person or through contact with contaminated personal care products, clothing or linens. Pets, particularly cats and dogs, can also pass on the infection to humans.
  • Tinea Barbae, is ringworm of the beard area. It may also produce red bumps and pustules.
  • Tinea Capitus is infection of the scalp. It can cause patches of hair loss and in rare cases, cause thick, crusted plaques that ooze. This is common in children.
  • Tinea Cruris, aka “Jock Itch,” occurs in the groin and middle thighs. This is more common in men.
  • Tinea Pedis, aka “Athlete’s Foot,” usually occurs between the toes and along the sides of the feet. This is linked to toenail infections (tinea unguinum)
  • Tinea Unguium, is infection of the nails. Toenails are much more common than fingernails. Affected nails are white or yellow in color and often thickened. Crumbly material can be found underneath the nails. Patient often have associated infection between the toes (tinea pedis)

Common Yeast Infections:

  • Tinea of Pityriasis Versicolor, is characterizes by brown to pink, scaly patches on the chest, neck back and upper arms. It is an overgrowth of common yeast (malessezia) that lives in the hair follicle. This is most common in warm weather or climates. It is NOT contagious.
  • Intertrigo, is an irritation and rash of the skin folds including the underarms, groin and under the breasts. Although often due to friction, bacteria AND yeast, Candida, a type of yeast is often the cause of much of the rash and irritation. Candida causes a bright red rash with raw areas and small circular red dots.

Fungal or yeast infections can often be diagnosed by visual inspection, but oftentimes, a scraping (KOH prep) or biopsy may be necessary to confirm that there is infection.

Topical anti-fungal agents such as clotrimazole (Lotrimin) and terbinefine (Lamisil) are often effective for fungal infections. Nystatin is commonly used for yeast infections, except tinea versicolor, where selenium sulfide (Selsun Blue) or ketoconazole (Nizoral) is useful. For nail disease, a prescription oral anti-fungal medication is often needed to clear the fungus from the deep toenail.

In addition to keeping the area clean and dry, applying over-the-counter antifungal powders to prevent future infections is often necessary. Such powders reduce moisture and combat the fungal and yeast organisms.

In extensive or resistant cases, your skin care specialist may recommend prescription antifungal topical or oral medications.

Topical Treatment of Common Superficial Tinea Infections

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“Thrush in men photos, symptoms, treatment” – Yandex.Q


Candidiasis (thrush) is a disease that many have heard of. Most often it is referred to as a female pathology, since a woman’s body, due to its anatomical features, is more predisposed to the development of this ailment. However, men are also not immune from this disease, which confirms the urgency of the problem and indicates the need for the population to have an idea about it.

A little about the pathogen

Candida Albicans is a yeast-related fungus.It has an oval or round shape and does not form a true mycelium. Instead, elongated cells form a pseudomycelium. Also, fungi of this genus form spores that are different from other representatives of fungi.

Normally, it is detected in 80% of people and peacefully coexists with the body of its owner. It is present in the normal human microflora. If the body is healthy and the immune system is normal, then microorganisms pose absolutely no threat to humans.

Pathological reproduction of candida in the body can begin when, for certain reasons, immunity weakens (diseases, taking certain medications), other microflora weakens (associated with taking antibiotics), personal hygiene rules are not followed.

This yeast is often the causative agent of opportunistic infections in HIV-positive patients. Often it is he who is the cause of outbreaks of nosocomial infections. Therefore, you need to understand that candida are harmless only for healthy people and at any time they can “go over to the side of evil.”

The reasons for the development of thrush in men

Especially many doctors find Candidates in warm and humid places of the body, which include the oral cavity and external genitalia.It is they who are most often affected by candidiasis. In addition, doctors have to work with patients who, as a result of the multiplication of fungi, have lesions of the skin or an infection in the blood (the most severe patients).

The disease can be detected in every tenth man who turns to a dermatovenerologist for certain reasons. Many do not pay due attention to their health and continue to live in a normal rhythm, not paying attention to the symptoms of the disease.This is dangerous not only by the risk of complications, but also by the fact that such men pose a threat to their sexual partners: a large amount of fungus entering a woman’s vagina at a time can provoke a disease in her.

At-risk groups

Regardless of lifestyle, care for oneself, adherence to the rules of personal hygiene, some people have a greater risk of developing candidiasis.

  • Patients who have been diagnosed with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) very often suffer from candidiasis, and often die from it.The fact is that with this disease, a strong immunodeficiency gradually develops due to the defeat of individual leukocytes by viruses. As a result, the human body becomes more susceptible to pathogens of various infections. If some microbes still need to be “found” in order to become infected, then fungi of the genus Candida are almost always nearby. As soon as immunity ceases to restrain their development, thrush develops.

Therefore, the dermatologist always remembers this fact, and in the presence of severe lesions of several anatomical regions at once, he prescribes a diagnosis for the presence of HIV infection.

  • Overweight is a real scourge of modern civilization. In developed countries, an increasing percentage of people have a body mass index above normal. This condition is always accompanied by thickening of the skin – the habitat of fungi. Among other things, obese people sometimes have significantly pronounced folds on the body, which makes it difficult to maintain hygiene rules and predisposes to the multiplication of microorganisms.
  • Patients with diabetes mellitus (both type 1 and type 2). An increase in the level of glucose in the blood always leads to an increase in its level in all tissues of the body.The skin is no exception and is also saturated with glucose. As a result, an excellent breeding environment for the pathogen is formed. In addition, diabetes mellitus leads to disruption of all types of metabolism in the body and a significant decrease in immunity.

Often a person does not realize that he has diabetes, but at the same time he regularly fights the manifestations of candidiasis. If at the same time there is thirst, frequent urge to urinate, periodically dizzy – it is highly likely that this is diabetes.

The reasons for the development of the disease

  • Failure to follow the rules of personal hygiene leads to the fact that the genitals accumulate a significant amount of smegma – a good breeding ground for microbes. The absence of a penile toilet does not interfere with the gradual progression of the disease.

  • Certain personal hygiene products can themselves provoke the development of candidiasis. This applies to gels and soaps that can irritate the skin of the penis and its head.Inflamed tissue is more susceptible to disease development.
  • Taking antibacterial drugs can lead to the imbalance of microflora in the body. As a result, the fungi will have no natural competitors, and they will be able to multiply uncontrollably, causing thrush.
  • Preparations based on adrenal hormones (prednisolone, etc.) are very effective substances that can significantly help a person in a difficult situation. However, they have many side effects, one of which is oral candidiasis.Therefore, if you have to take these drugs for a long time, then you need to carefully monitor your body and, as soon as necessary, consult a specialist.
  • The presence of the human immunodeficiency virus in the body.
  • Other diseases affecting the immune system.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Chemotherapy for malignant neoplasms also greatly reduces the body’s ability to resist infectious agents.
  • Transplantation of organs and tissues is accompanied by immunosuppressive therapy in order to suppress the body’s own immunity.This is necessary in order for the transplanted organ to take root and not be rejected, normally performing the assigned function. At the same time, such treatment makes a person somewhat defenseless against many infections.
  • A sharp change in climatic conditions and time zones is a serious burden for the body.
  • Emotional and physical stress.

Symptoms of thrush men

Symptoms of the disease may differ depending on what type of thrush is observed in the patient.

Genital candidiasis

This form of the disease is the most common. It is with her that doctors have to deal with most often.

  • Redness of the foreskin surrounding the glans penis and the skin covering the glans. This is due to the fact that the multiplication of bacteria provokes tissue inflammation.
  • Edema of the penis, especially in the glans. This can manifest itself in the form of a difficulty in exposing the head and a difficult return of the foreskin to its original place.
  • The penis is sensitive to external irritation, it often hurts even in complete rest.
  • Under the foreskin, a rough discharge with a curdled consistency is found. Under the white film of secretions, it is possible to detect red inflamed tissue of the penis, sometimes purulent lesions. If the patient does not follow the rules of personal hygiene, then he may not attach importance to this symptom: smegma that accumulates in large quantities may also look similar.
  • Itching in the genital area (especially pronounced on the head).
  • Unpleasant odor from the penis.
  • Cutting pains during urination – a consequence of urine irritation of already inflamed tissues.
  • Pain during intercourse.

Skin candidiasis

This form develops in those places where the skin is collected in folds most of the time:

  • armpits;

  • groin folds and perineum;
  • skin between the buttocks, near the anus;
  • 90,027 spaces between the toes.

At the initial stage, patients observe a small itchy rash, which gradually becomes more and more pronounced. The area of ​​the affected skin gradually increases and, in the end, becomes covered with a specific cheesy discharge that has a sour unpleasant odor. If we are talking about the skin between the toes, then it becomes thick, but at the same time soft, easily peels off.

Oral candidiasis

In adult men, this condition is relatively rare (only in the most severe cases).This is due to the fact that human saliva contains special substances that prevent the growth of fungal colonies. However, sometimes patients are faced with such a problem.

Symptoms resemble those of other forms of the disease. Initially, the oral mucosa becomes red and sensitive to irritation. After that, lesions become visible, and a light coating appears on the tongue and other surfaces. When trying to clean it off, an inflamed mucous membrane is exposed, sometimes bleeding (see.Photo).

Diagnosis of thrush in men

It is quite easy to identify the causative agent of the disease itself. The doctor takes a cotton swab and removes a small amount of light-colored plaque from the affected areas. After that, microscopy and cultural research methods are performed to identify the pathogen. It is difficult to confuse the symptoms of the disease with something else, especially if the patient has already had thrush before.

If you remember the reasons that can cause thrush in men, it becomes clear that this disease in many cases is just one of the symptoms of something more serious.On such a thought the doctor should be prompted by regular relapses of the disease or difficult treatment. Therefore, if necessary, the patient is consulted by specialists in other diseases (endocrinologist, infectious disease specialist, immunologist, etc.). Sometimes it turns out that after referral to an endocrinologist, the patient first learns that he has diabetes.

The main thing is not to hide anything from the doctors, since they will keep the medical secret in any case. Incomplete informing of them can lead to a long diagnostic search.

Treatment of thrush in men

When treating a disease, you always need to remember what caused its development. Otherwise, the patient will again and again face candidiasis, suffer about it, have an insufficient quality of life.


Since it was a question of local forms of the disease, when the patient’s skin was affected, it is better to treat people in such cases with local preparations.The modern pharmacological industry produces quite effective ointments and creams containing antifungal drugs (clotrimazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, econazole). They can be purchased without a doctor’s prescription, but you should always consult with a specialist first.

In some patients, during the use of the cream, there is a burning sensation in the area of ​​the affected skin. If this symptom is mild, then treatment can be continued. Severe burning and irritation is a signal to stop using the cream and change the drug.If 2 weeks have passed, and the symptoms of the disease have not disappeared, then you need to contact a dermatologist in order to correct the treatment. You may need to take more powerful drugs.

Among other things, you need:

  • Carefully observe the rules of personal hygiene. Wash the genitals daily with warm water and soap.
  • Carefully monitor blood glucose levels (for patients with diabetes mellitus) to prevent frequent relapses of the disease.
  • Eating enough vegetables and fruits and living a healthy lifestyle will ensure the normal functioning of the immune system.
  • Be especially careful when taking chemotherapy drugs for cancer, immunosuppressive substances in organ transplantation.

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“My vagina hurts all the time.” Living with the Mysterious Vulvodynia Syndrome

Sign up to photo,

Georgia says she has constant vaginal pain

“Sometimes the pain becomes completely unbearable – you want to do whatever it takes to stop it.”This is how Georgia describes life with a condition called vulvodynia.

A 25-year-old resident of Manchester is experiencing constant burning pain in the genital area.

As a professional artist, she throws out her agony in her drawings – and she says it helps her to keep her hands up.

She told BBC Radio 5 Live how difficult it was to get a correct diagnosis – little is known about her illness.

What is vulvodynia?

Vulvodynia is defined by the UK National Health Service (NHS) as chronic pain in the vulva (around the opening of the vagina) with no known cause.

In the case of Georgia, this is very severe vaginal pain.

Pidpis to photo,

Georgia managed to get the correct diagnosis only after two years

This chronic nervous syndrome occurs in women of different ages – and often in those who are generally healthy.

According to the NHS, attacks of pain begin as a result of using tampons, intercourse, wearing a certain cut of underwear, and even prolonged sitting.


Georgia suffered from pain for more than two years before doctors could make a diagnosis.

Pain with vulvodynia:

  • may be burning, piercing, felt as irritation or inflammation;
  • is often provoked by touching, for example, during sex or inserting a tampon;
  • may constantly feel “background” and escalate when the woman is seated;
  • is sometimes limited to specific areas of the vulva, such as the vaginal opening;
  • may include a larger area, sometimes extending even to the buttocks and inner thighs.

“The pain starts suddenly,” Georgia says, trying to describe how she feels.

“I sit down – and suddenly a wave of terrible burning pain rolls over me.”

Difficulties in diagnosis

When she went to the doctors in desperation, they often didn’t take her suffering seriously, Georgia says.

“I went to the doctors, and they said, ‘This is probably a reaction to the water! Perhaps a thrush.” Or: “Perhaps this is some kind of venereal disease.”

“But this could not be, because I have one permanent partner. And this is not a thrush, because I know her,” the woman explains.

Pidpis to photo,

Among the symptoms Georgia suffers from is burning pain

Once she reached a critical point: “I got out of the shower and sank to the floor, dying of pain. I hugged my knees, cried and waited for the pain to pass. At that moment, I would have done anything to make it easier for me. ”

Finally diagnosed with vulvodynia in Georgia.

Having learned the correct diagnosis, she began to observe what was aggravating her condition and make changes in her life. For more comfort, she switched to a different type of underwear and drastically cut her alcohol consumption.

“When I drink wine, the next day I feel much worse,” the girl shares her observations.

Intimate life

In women with this syndrome, sexual activity is often accompanied by pain. Georgia admits that it is difficult for her to come to terms with how vulvodynia affects her sexuality.

“I want intimacy, I want to experiment in bed. But it hurts so much that you can’t overpower yourself. It’s hard. It makes me very sad.”


Very little is currently known about this syndrome.

One of the few studies on this topic was published in 2016 in the International Journal of Women’s Health; according to him, 16% of women in the United States suffer from this syndrome.

Signs to the photo,

Drawing helps Georgia cope with her condition.The picture, she says, reflects the burning pain

While vulvodynia is unlikely to go away on its own, it can be alleviated with physical therapy, pain relieving gels and prescription medications, the NHS said.

Art as a way to unleash agony

According to Georgia, art allows her not to give up in the face of pain, which she must put up with every day.

“Sometimes I felt on the edge – then I took a pencil and paper in my hands, began to draw, and it became easier for me.”

Living with this syndrome is difficult, whatever one may say. However, Georgia wants to cheer everyone who suffers like her.

“It’s not easy for me to talk about this, but I want all women to know: this should not be ashamed. It is hard and painful – but you have to learn to live with it.”

Discharge with a smell in women in the intimate area | causes of unpleasant odor from the vagina

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Last updated: 08.06.2021

Average reading time: 6 minutes

The main causes of discharge with an unpleasant odor
Possible types of discharge in women
Important recommendations

It is important for a woman to feel dry and fresh zone regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. The glands located in the uterus and vagina constantly secrete mucus, which clears the genital tract and maintains a beneficial microflora.A healthy woman normally has sour vaginal discharge, which does not have a pronounced odor. They talk about the predominance of lactobacilli, which play a protective role. But if an unpleasant smell of intimate discharge appears, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible and determine the causes of the violation.

The main causes of discharge with an unpleasant odor

Non-observance of intimate hygiene . Due to the close location of the genitals and anus, bacteria from the rectum can move to the external genital organs, causing not only inflammatory reactions and a violation of the microflora composition, but also the occurrence and exacerbation of diseases of the genitourinary system.Failure to observe regular intimate hygiene is one of the reasons for discharge with an unpleasant odor, which indicates the development of an inflammatory process.

Decreased immunity . Immune disorders cause a decrease in the protective function of the vaginal mucosa. This promotes the active reproduction of opportunistic microorganisms that can cause infectious and inflammatory diseases, lead to the attachment of a fungus, followed by the development of thrush. In this case, there is an active growth of microorganisms, and discharge with a smell appears in women.

Hormonal disorders . The hormonal background changes depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. If there are changes in the ratio of sex hormones, this is reflected in the microbial composition of the microflora. Conditions favorable for the development of inflammation are created. When the number of pathogenic or opportunistic microorganisms increases, vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor may appear. In this case, additional symptoms arise: redness of the vulva, itching, burning and discomfort.

Diseases of the reproductive sphere . An unpleasant odor and discharge in the intimate area are the main signs of diseases of the reproductive system, which can be accompanied by an acute and chronic inflammatory process, the addition of infection and the formation of adhesions. If a woman seeks medical help in a timely manner and begins treatment, adverse consequences can be avoided. Sexually transmitted diseases transmitted through unprotected intimate contacts are especially dangerous. Common diseases of the reproductive system include the following.

  • Colpitis . Inflammation of the vaginal walls as a result of infectious diseases, metabolic or endocrine disorders. Colpitis is one of the common causes of foul-smelling discharge in women, itching, burning, and ulceration of the mucous membrane.
  • Vaginosis . The disease is accompanied by the replacement of vaginal lactoflora with anaerobic microorganisms against the background of hormonal disorders, infectious diseases and weakening of the immune system, and also develops with a decrease in the quality of personal hygiene.A characteristic sign of vaginosis is a fishy-smelling vaginal discharge that can be white or yellowish-green in color.
  • Candidiasis . Fungal infection of the vagina (thrush) is accompanied by profuse cheesy-white discharge, itching, redness of the vulva. In an acute course, pain may appear during urination. Itching worse after taking a bath, while sleeping. Most often, thrush worsens during pregnancy or menopause, against the background of hormonal disorders, antibiotic treatment and a decrease in immunity.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases . Excessive discharge and odor in the intimate area can be symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases. They are accompanied by swelling of the vulva, burning, itching, pain in the lower abdomen, can lead to inflammation of the appendages and infertility.

Possible types of discharge in women

White . White vaginal discharge with a fishy odor is characteristic of vaginosis, candidiasis. With the latter, the vagina is covered as if with curdled flakes.The discharge is also white, while the smell is sour. There may be severe itching, burning, discomfort during urination and intimacy.

Yellowish . Yellow vaginal discharge with a smell indicates a bacterial infection and the development of an inflammatory process. These can be sexually transmitted diseases or bacterial complications of childbirth, surgery. It is necessary to consult a gynecologist or venereologist, especially if the vaginal discharge smells strong enough.Otherwise, chronic inflammation and reproductive disorders may occur.

Green . Discharge with a greenish tint indicates the progression of a pronounced infectious process, erosion, purulent inflammation of the cervix. An urgent consultation with a gynecologist is required.

Brown . Discharge of brown color often occurs in women at the end of menstruation. They have an unpleasant odor due to poor hygiene or secondary infection.Also, brown discharge occurs when hormonal disruptions and during the period of adaptation to oral contraceptives.

Bloody . The release of blood is typical for the menstrual period, which lasts an average of 3-7 days, as well as for the course of some diseases (endometriosis, polycystic ovary, ectopic pregnancy). If the bleeding is not related to your period, see your gynecologist as soon as possible.

Important recommendations

Normally, intermenstrual discharge is transparent and does not have an unpleasant odor.In the middle of the menstrual cycle, their number increases slightly. To maintain freshness and cleanliness in this case, it is recommended to use daily napkins or pads, which, in addition to additional comfort, keep the underwear clean. An unpleasant smell of discharge in women may indicate abnormalities in the functioning of the genitourinary organs and the reproductive system. In this case, you should not postpone the visit to the doctor. The specialist will prescribe an examination, determine the causes of the disorders and draw up a course of treatment.

Doctor gynecologist Minkevich Konstantin Vladimirovich answers to questions

Questions and answers

Author’s spelling and punctuation retained

Question: What are condylomas? and why do they appear?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts are a consequence of infection with the human papillomavirus and are sexually transmitted. Condylomas are in the form of scallop or mucous growths.

Question: Good afternoon! Help me figure out how condylomas differ from warts and papillomas? Or is it all the same, just the name depends on where these things appear?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Condylomas are also called genital warts, that is, their localization is the genital area as the name implies. In other areas, these are not warts. Papillomas are papillary growths and they can be localized anywhere.

Question: Good afternoon.The papilloma on the labia was removed using the radio wave method. 3 days passed – the path from the wound was covered with a white-yellow crust, similar to pus. I wash with a solution of potassium permanganate, using an epigen spray. That is how it should be?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Don’t worry, the epithelialization (healing) process is exactly how it goes. The “white-yellow crust” you describe is called a scab. It is better to use not potassium permanganate, but powder “Baneocin” 2 times a day (morning-evening).

Question: Good afternoon! They discovered oncogenic HPV, prescribed treatment with Polyoxidonium suppositories, sent for laser removal of genital warts and an analysis to determine the viral load.After going through all these procedures, what is the best way to protect yourself and what is the chance of contracting a partner with this virus after treatment? And also during treatment is it worth having sex at all or is it better to abstain? Thank you for your answer.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : No need to worry, HPV has a high prevalence and in most cases the immune system copes with it on its own, even without treatment. The presence of genital warts must be removed, and after that sexual activity is not recommended until the epithelialization of the wound surface, about 2 to 3 weeks.In the future, there is no restriction in sexual activity, if the sexual partner does not have genital warts on the penis, if so, then they must also be removed. Therefore, the presence of HPV according to analyzes, without genital warts, is not a refusal to have sex. There is no effective method of protection (100%) from the transmission of HPV; a condom is considered the most rational method against transmission of infection. After removal of genital warts, the risk of HPV transmission is not to be feared.

Question: There was an itching in the anus. Then I felt the formation of a thickening between the anus and the vagina.It was this area that itched. What’s this? Which doctor should I see?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Consult a gynecologist with complaints about the appearance of a possible formation with itching in the perineal region.

Question: Hello. I had a radio wave excision of the cervix within healthy tissues. I am currently undergoing treatment with candles. But an analysis came for histology and a pathomorphological diagnosis: flat warts. L-SIL. Allokin alfa injections were prescribed six injections every other day.The injections are expensive. Tell me if there is a similar drug and whether it is worth pricking them. Thanks.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : The main treatment for cervical disease (flat warts) is PEE (radio wave excision). Antiviral drugs, which include Allokin-alpha, are drugs with no proven effectiveness. The diagnosis of flat warts is a consequence of the influence of the human papillomavirus (HPV), therefore, after removing the altered mucosa, doctors prescribe various antiviral drugs to prevent relapse.The injections that have been prescribed to you must still be performed correctly – subcutaneously, at home (with the help of relatives), this cannot be done, so you will have to go to the procedures, and this is an additional expense. In my practice, many years ago, I did not get a good result in the treatment of genital warts, so I refused this drug. For the purpose of prevention, I prescribe antiviral drugs, but I warn patients that drugs are without proven effectiveness. There are a lot of drugs produced in our country, I recommend table.inosine pranobex, spray with glycyrrhizic acid.

Question: Hello! My name is Tatiana, I am 24 years old. Please tell me how to get rid of genital warts? How can this be done. Is there a clinic in Chita where you can remove warts with a laser. Help, I’m really looking forward to an answer

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : From the city of Chita, I did not have any doctors studying on the use of laser in gynecology, so I cannot recommend a doctor or a clinic.If you do not know where to turn, start your treatment with a home treatment method. The international recommendations for the treatment of genital warts include the use of imiquimod cream (not of Indian origin). This antiviral cream is applied to the skin and warts on it 3 times a week (for example: Monday-Wednesday-Friday) at night. This area should be washed with soap and water in the morning. During treatment, exclude sexual activity. The course of treatment until the disappearance of genital warts, but not more than 16 weeks.The effect of the treatment after 4 weeks, but maybe even later.

Question: hello. I have spiky candidiasis. I removed them, but I’m very afraid of a relapse. Is it necessary to treat just the surface of the skin with Aldara cream, where they were, so that there is no relapse? what time? and do the candidalomas inside the vagina disappear if only the outer labia is treated?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : After removal of genital warts, apply Aldara cream to the skin, if they are absent, it is not necessary.In case of new warts (genital warts recurrence) it is necessary to start treatment with Aldara cream. This is the correct approach with excellent results that do not lead to relapse. As for genital warts on the vaginal mucosa, in this case, the most effective approach is laser removal.

Question: Good afternoon! Warts were discovered and removed from me about three months ago. They have not appeared since then. But I read a lot about them and I know that they often recur. How long does it take for them to appear again? How often do you need to visit a gynecologist? And what can be done to avoid relapse? Thanks in advance!

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Katya, there is no effective remedy for the prevention of recurrence of genital warts. Many doctors in our country, and I in particular, recommend taking antiviral drugs. Their effectiveness has not been proven, in some cases there is a positive result, and patients have a relapse-free course. There are a lot of these drugs, it is impossible to predict what will work. In these cases, one must rely on the experience of the gynecologist who is being observed. Recurrence of genital warts depends on the activity of HPV (human papillomavirus) more often genotypes 6 or 11 and occurs within 6 months.

Question: Tell me, please, read that you recommend imiquimod for the treatment of genital warts. I was diagnosed with HPV 2 years ago. I smeared condylomas on the skin in the groin, as well as on the urethra, with Aldara, almost all of them went away, and the viral load decreased. The remaining at the urethra were cauterized with solcoderm 2 times. After 3 months, condylomas reappeared, in the same place near the urethra, on the skin in the groin and now inside the vagina. Will a repeated course of Aldara help? And could they grow again, due to burning with solcoderm? Thanks

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Julia, if the first treatment was effective, then the second course should also be effective. Only this time extend the course of treatment, but no more than 16 weeks. Solcoderm does not cause recurrence of genital warts. If you have had a sexual relationship, pay attention to whether there are similar growths on the partner’s penis, if any, then it is necessary to undergo joint treatment.

Question: Hello! please tell me if there is something in common between the husband’s genital warts and the wife’s candidiasis?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Maria, a connection may appear if, against the background of vulvovaginal candidiasis, you also develop these formations. Sexual relations, if one of the partners has condylomas, must be interrupted before they are cured. This viral disease is most often sexually transmitted. It is necessary to undergo an examination by a gynecologist and, if you do not have genital warts, take a course of antifungal treatment.

Question: Good afternoon! I am 27 years old, did not give birth, there were no turns and misses. In 2012. I was diagnosed with HPV type 11, which at that time did not manifest itself in any way.Before that, I was always diagnosed with cervical erosion, there were no other diseases. But this year there were cervical warts, it turned out during examination. I think so because of the greatly reduced immunity, I treated kidney inflammation for a long time. Cytology showed nothing, as I was told the result is good. I was prescribed cycloferon intramuscularly and in the vagina. I did 2 courses with a break of 10 days. After the next examination, the doctor said that the warts were less and the erosion was not so strong. Now I was prescribed a sprinkling with a thousand-leaf plant, celandine and tampons with aloe and honey, oblepik tampons.Please tell me how effective is this treatment? Is laser removal of genital warts necessary or can it still be treated with medication? Can papillomas appear on the face, body now? Can the virus fall asleep again and not manifest itself and what else needs to be done for this?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 6 or 11 most commonly causes genital warts to grow in the anogenital area. The most effective and gentle way of treating genital warts in nulliparous girls is laser exposure.Conservative treatment, like yours (cycloferon), is also effective. A further course of therapy, douching with yarrow, celandine and tampons with aloe and honey, sea buckthorn tampons, can hardly be considered a fight against condylomatosis. The course of treatment is prescribed by the doctor, after the examination and the results of the examination. Therefore, it is impossible to predict the result of your treatment without a concrete understanding of the problem. Cutaneous papillomas have no connection with genital warts. The best prevention of genital warts is to remove them and if they recur, imiquimod cream (not made in India).

Question: Good afternoon! I came for an examination to a gynecologist, just came to get checked, the doctor discovered that I had condylomas on both walls of the vagina, I didn’t even know what the HPV virus was, I passed tests for type, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, and for some other infections; I am waiting for the results, I am very afraid of where my husband and I live for 11 years, wanted to plan a second child, how to be now, what to do! I read it on the forums, I don’t know what to think!

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : First, do not be nervous and wait for the test results.Sometimes doctors confuse the wavy structure of the vaginal mucosa and growths in the form of genital warts. More often, condylomas are formed on the external genital organs. If you doubt that these are genital warts, go to an appointment with another gynecologist to confirm this diagnosis.

Question: How to get rid of kandil in the intimate area?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : It is necessary to consult a gynecologist and he, depending on their number, will recommend a method of treatment. This can be laser removal, chemical cauterization (feresol or condilin), you can apply imiquimod cream at home.It is applied to the skin 3 times a week, every other day at night and only to the skin. The effect of the treatment occurs in about 4 weeks.

Question: Hello! I have warts on the outer and inner labia. I don’t know if it’s inside. Can you please tell me if you are treating patients for papilloma virus, by what method and at what cost is it possible to remove them from you? Thank you in advance. City Novosibirsk.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Yes, I am engaged in the treatment of pathology of the cervix, vagina and vulva on an outpatient and inpatient basis.In particular, laser, radio wave with argon plasma ablation treatment of diseases, and genital warts too, these localizations. Patients come for treatment from other regions, but the decision is made after examination and it is wrong to promise something in advance. The cost of removal can be found on the website of the medical center “MedLab” St. Petersburg, where I accept.

Question: Good afternoon! For genital warts, I use Aladra cream as a prescription doctor. But so far, no results. 2 weeks have passed. How long should I wait to see progress in treatment?

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: The effect of the use of Aldara cream (not of Indian origin) in each patient occurs at different times from 4 weeks to 8 weeks from the start of application, depending on the size and number of genital warts. Final deliverance can occur after the completion of the full course of treatment – 16 weeks.

Question: Hello, my daughter has just such a problem, which is written about in the article, she removed many times the candidiasis with a laser, but they appear again and again, the child is in despair, she has wounds at the sites of removal, the doctor advised the next removal to be carried out with nitrogen.I don’t know anything about this, how can I help my daughter? What advice do you have?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Cryotherapy, nitrogen removal, I do not recommend, as after the laser there may be relapses. In your case, imiquimod cream (not of Indian production) gives you more chances to get rid of genital warts without removing them at home. The cream (1 sachet-bag) is completely applied to the skin in the area of ​​warts, if warts are localized on the skin, then treat them too. The application of the cream is carried out in the evening, before going to bed, 3 times a week (for example: Monday-Wednesday-Friday).The course of treatment is 16 weeks, the first positive reaction may appear 4 weeks after the start of treatment. Be sure to read the instructions in addition.

Question: Hello! Which doctor should you contact with the problem of genital warts in the groin? Thank you!

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : You should consult a gynecologist and if the doctor has doubts about the diagnosis, the next specialist will be a dermatovenerologist.

Question: Hello! My neoplasm is already ten years old, it is outside on the large lip, on a thin leg, 1.5 centimeters in diameter – papilloma? or condyloma? , there are no other neoplasms nearby.One of my chronic diseases is 2nd stage hypothyroidism. I am 48 years old. What advice would you give me? Can I use imiquimod cream for treatment?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : No, you cannot use imiquimod cream on your own. Consultation with a dermatologist is necessary, because it can be a dermatological disease – a nevus. With this disease, the cream will not help.

Question: Hello. I have treated condylomas of the anal canal. From the beginning with a laser, then the operation, i.e.because they were deep. Now they have appeared again. Is endoscopic treatment possible without surgery? Thank you!

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts often recur after removal. Do not worry, since there has already been laser removal and surgical treatment, I recommend imiquimod cream. This is an antiviral drug with a good effect, it is the first line of treatment for genital warts in the world. The cream should be applied to the skin in the anus 3 times a week, at night. Follow the instructions before use.The effect occurs in 4-8 weeks, and the condylomas disappear.

Question: hello, please tell me how warts can be treated, they appeared in intimate places, there is no discomfort, but a little in a panic. I can’t go to the hospital yet, it’s not cheap. I tried to burn it out with iodine, it seemed like it began to pass, maybe there are still any therapeutic drugs !? Please tell me! Thank you in advance.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : If you do not have the opportunity to consult a gynecologist and you are sure that these are condylomas of the anogenital area, then there is a home treatment.If this formation is not condyloma, then treatment will not help. Treatment of genital warts with chemical solutions (condilin or feresol) or imiquimod cream. Warts themselves (warts) are treated with warts or feresol. The cream is applied to the skin where the condylomas are located (you can also apply the condylomas themselves, if they are located on the skin) 3 times a week, at night. In any case, it is better not to start treatment without consulting a doctor.

Question: Is it possible to remove genital warts not by surgical methods, but with the help of drugs

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: Possibly. By the chemical method, treatment with genital warts with condilin or feresol. A more effective method is the treatment of the skin where the condylomas are located (it is also possible on the condylomas themselves, if they are located on the skin) with imiquimod cream. The cream is applied 3 times a week, at night and condylomas disappear in 4-8 weeks. The instructions must be read before use.

Question: Is it possible to get genital warts during oral sex? how can they look in the mouth?

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: If during oral sex the sexual partner had warts (condylomas) on the penis, then the chance of infection is high. Growths (warts) appear on the oral mucosa. Infection with the human papillomavirus during oral sex does not always occur, therefore, if no formations appear in the mouth, you should not worry. In this situation, it is necessary to consult a dentist.

Question: Vaginal warts were removed with a laser. The doctor said to wash with chlorhexidine is it like a regular wash? And how to use bepanten?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: after removal of genital warts with a laser, it is not necessary to treat the vagina with chlorhexidine and bepanten. For epithelialization of the wound surface of the vagina, vaginal suppositories Gynoflor-E are better suited or do not treat with anything.

Question: Hello! Can you please tell me effective remedies for the treatment of genital warts?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Fast and cosmetic way to remove genital warts, this is laser removal. The slow method is treatment with chemical solutions (condilin, feresol).Long-lasting, but the most effective (less recurrence of genital warts) imiquimod cream.

Question: Hello! A year ago, I was diagnosed with HPV 16 and 18 types and genital warts (on the labia minora), but the doctor is in no hurry to remove them: he says, you must first deal with the erosion of the cervix, and then solve the warts. Over the past month, condylomas have increased in size, and there are more of them. It scares me a lot. Moreover, as I was told, these types of HPV can cause cancer.Tell me, are warts really connected somehow with oncology? Are they dangerous? Thanks in advance!

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Condylomas are very rarely malignant. If you have a cytological smear from the cervix without atypia, you should start removing genital warts as soon as possible. Warts grow very quickly and increase in size.

Question: Hello, I have no warts, but my sexual partner (the first sex was a month ago) was found and removed the warts.What should I do? get tested? What is the likelihood that I also became infected? Can this virus be treated before genital warts appear?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Human papillomavirus (HPV) is not always sexually transmitted. There is no need to be treated in advance. Take a PCR smear for HPV and, even if a virus is found, you do not need to be treated. Your immune system will fight it, and in most people it will eliminate (kill) it without any treatment. Treatment should be started if warts (condylomas) appear on the genitals.

Question: Good afternoon. Tell me where you can buy a cream, Imichimod! I live in Moscow. Thanks in advance to everyone.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : I do not know. I live in St. Petersburg and my patients buy from pharmacies. Probably, they will find out about the presence of the cream in the reference pharmacies or on the Internet (where to buy imichimod in Moscow).

Question: Hello. I was diagnosed with genital warts. My doctor obliges me to pass tests for chlamydia and ureaplasma, arguing that without them he cannot begin treatment.Do I have to take them?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : To treat condylomas of the anogenital area, it is not necessary to be tested for latent infections, which include chlamydia trachomatis and ureaplasma urealiticum. Maybe the doctor diagnosed you with an inflammatory process and wants to rule it out. If you remove condylomas against the background of inflammation, then the process of epithelialization (healing) will be long.

Question: How to remove warts on the tongue? Is there any treatment?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: On the tongue, condylomas are located on the side and on its root (lower surface), where there is a delicate mucous membrane. See a dental surgeon who is proficient in laser removal.

Question: Hello. Recently, I found small formations similar to warts on my mucous membrane near the labia. The fact is that my partner has two warts on the pubic area, could I get them from him? We have been together for a year, and I have only recently, can we continue to have sex?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Without examination, it is difficult to assess what kind of education appeared, and you have a sexual partner. You need to consult a gynecologist, because these may not be condylomas, but atheroma or inflammation of the hair follicle or molluscum contagiosum. Any education requires diagnostics, and there may be not one specialist, but several (also a dermatologist). First, take a smear by PCR for HPV (human papillomavirus), which is the source of the growth of genital warts. If the doctor confirms the diagnosis of genital warts, they must be removed

to you and your sexual partner.Sexual life at this time must be interrupted.

Question: Hello. She treated genital warts 6 years ago, they were near the urethra and vagina. Why did they appear again?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : There are 2 possible relapse options. The first option: the visible warts were removed last time, but the papilloma virus (HPV) remained. Weakening of the immune system (stress, pregnancy and other factors) contribute to the activity of the virus and the beginning of the growth of new genital warts. Therefore, after treatment, it was necessary to monitor once a year for the presence of HPV in the body (HPV PCR smear).Option two: You have contracted the virus again.

Question: Good afternoon. A couple of months ago, a couple of pimples appeared in the lower part of the buttocks (not in the perineum, but on the skin, approximately in the place where we sit). At first I thought, ordinary pustules, smeared with brilliant green, cauterized with potassium permanganate, alcohol solution. Did not help. They do not itch, do not bother in any way, the only thing is that they have increased in size and have become as if keratinized. And a month later, three more such things appeared on the pubis.I didn’t go to the doctor, I’m terribly shy. I panic if the infection occurred when changing a sexual partner. Please advise what it can be and how to get rid of it?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : You need to consult a dermatologist. Judging by your description, this disease is called molluscum contagiosum, but without examination I am afraid to be mistaken. It has nothing to do with the sexual partner, and there is no need to be ashamed of examining a doctor. This is a viral disease, infection occurs in a household way, for example, through the sand on the beach.Treatment: laser removal of formations or their extrusion in combination with the reception of decaris. To have the effect of treatment, first consult a specialist.

Question: hello. I found in myself some kind of growths in intimate places. Which doctor should I go to ???

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : You need an initial consultation with a gynecologist, if the doctor does not understand the disease, then contact a dermatovenerologist.

Question: Hello, I have a condyloma, the gynecologist said that it could go away on its own, as if it was formed due to thrush, is it worth believing this or is it better to contact a dermatovenerologist? Thanks

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: The appearance of genital warts is the result of infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is usually sexually transmitted. Yeast colpitis (thrush) is a consequence of a violation of the vaginal microflora, which can occur as a result of HPV infection. Yeast colpitis is treated with the appointment of antifungal suppositories, and warts must be removed. In intimate places, genital warts are treated mainly by gynecologists, but you can also be treated by a dermatovenerologist. Whichever doctor you trust is the one who is treated.Indeed, in some cases, condylomas disappear on their own, but in any case, doctors recommend antiviral treatment (local or general or combined), more often insist on removing genital warts.

Question: A 20-year-old girl, she has genital warts, we were told to remove them, we are very afraid of their reappearance and of course scars. We live in St. Petersburg. Advise what to do

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Vaginal warts are best removed with a laser.Then there will be no scars, this is an effective cosmetic operation. Relapse is not guaranteed by any method of removal. You can apply for inspection, I advise in St. Petersburg.

Question: Hello! If condylomas are only on the mucous membrane, then how will the cream help if it is applied only to the skin nearby? And can the cream help to get rid of the papillomavirus itself or only from genital warts? I also heard that it is better to buy Aldar cream from Israel, which is not sold in Russia. What is the difference from ours? And where can you order it?

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: Imiquimod cream acts on the receptors of natural immunity, stimulating the production of interferon and attracting other cells of the immune system to this zone. This leads to a decrease and disappearance of genital warts not only at the site of application of the cream, but in a significant area surrounding this place. Also, the cream helps to reduce the amount of virus DNA in the cells, which eliminates the HPV from the body. Imiquimod cream of Swedish and Indian companies is sold in our country (do not buy Indian production). The Swedish cream works well (I have known and used for a long time), I don’t know about the Israeli one.

Question: I had sexual intercourse with a man who had a small papilloma on his penis below the head, we did not use contraception, tell me if there are any concerns for me 2 months have passed, can I get some kind of analysis?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Get tested from the cervix and vulva for human papillomavirus (HPV) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The presence of a papilloma virus, which is indeed sexually transmitted, should not cause you to panic.It is very common, and the immune system of the person himself fights the virus, and in 80% of cases it copes with it without taking medication. The manifestation of the virus after sexual intercourse is not predictable, on average up to 6 months.

Question: Good afternoon, Konstantin Vladimirovich! I am 23 years old and have recently developed genital masses. I went to the doctor, they said it was genital warts. They offered to have an operation. But I’m terribly afraid. Surgical methods are extreme for me. Has read through Questions and your answers about Aldara cream.In your opinion, Aldara ointment is a fairly effective way to remove genital warts and can serve as an alternative to a destructive method of treatment? Or is it better to go to a surgeon who cuts everything out in one go? I also read that after operations, there are quite frequent cases of recurrence of warts. Maybe there are some statistics on the percentage of relapses after different methods of treatment? I don’t want to go under the knife, but even less want to be a walking infection. Thank you in advance for your answer and sorry for so many Questions.It’s just very important to me.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Indeed, there are patients who refrain from destructive treatment of genital warts. Aldara cream is an effective drug and I would recommend starting with it, because after surgical removal, at least 50% of cases relapse. If there is no effect, then surgery.

Question: There can be warts on the head, how to treat?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts on the head cannot be.Consultation with a dermatologist is necessary, as this may be another skin growth, and is likely associated with another type of viral disease.

Question: I’m only 14, but I looked and it seems to me that I have candidiasis, but I don’t know for sure. I am a virgin, that is, there was no natural sexual intercourse. I am afraid to tell my mother even about suspicions, because physically I am no longer a virgin. and she may not think so. help me.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Lena, warts, is a disease associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV) and is transmitted only sexually through sexual contact.Until you are sexually active, you cannot have genital warts. There are other viral skin diseases such as molluscum contagiosum that can be contracted on the beach while lying on the sand. There are skin rashes of a different nature, you need to contact a dermatologist to clarify the diagnosis.

Question: Hello, I had a lot of warts, even near the anus, and they suddenly began to disappear, even at the entrance to the vagina they became very small, and I felt a lump in the vagina at a distance of 8 cm below, at the floor.unpleasant sensations, what could it be? I’m very afraid, I can’t find a place for myself (((

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Ale, it’s hard to say without examination what kind of education you have in your vagina. It is necessary to go to a specialist gynecologist, and after the examination, draw a conclusion and make a diagnosis. From sexual activity, I would advise to abstain for now.

Question: Hello. During pregnancy, I developed condylomas. The doctor prescribed medication and prescribed treatment for me and my future husband.But I read that if they are cured, they can still reappear and the virus will always be in the body. I would like to know if I cure them, will the childbirth be difficult and what is the probability of infecting the child and by how much?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : During pregnancy, the human papillomavirus is indeed activated, resulting in genital warts. Unfortunately, conservative treatment during pregnancy is ineffective. It is necessary to remove them until they have grown.The removal method depends on the availability of equipment (laser, radio wave), it can be treated with chemicals (vagotil or others). The presence of genital warts is not an indication for surgical delivery, but it depends on their number. If there is a giant confluent warts, then birth through the birth canal will be impossible. Therefore, do not bring to this state and delete while they are small. The route of transmission of the virus to a child during childbirth has not been proven. In rare cases, it is transmitted, but it cannot be predicted.It is necessary to abstain from sexual activity during pregnancy if warts appear and the husband must be treated if he has the same warts on his penis. In the absence of genital warts on the penis, treatment is not necessary.

Question: Hello. I was found to have condylomas of the oncogenic type 33,35,56. Itching is very disturbing, they are small but there are many of them. What do you recommend to do? I want to make an appointment with a dermatovenerologist for laser removal, but I think it will be very expensive and God forbid there will be a relapse.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : The types of genital warts found in you have a greater effect on changes in the cervix. Therefore, it is necessary to pass a smear for oncocytology from the cervix (Pap test). Genital warts cause types 6 and 11. Itching does not cause warts, the virus can cause dysbiosis and a violation of microflora. Itching is usually caused by a fungal infection (thrush), and local antifungal drugs must be prescribed. Small growths at the entrance to the vagina are called papillomas, and do not require removal, only for cosmetic purposes, if it bothers you.Without inspection, I do not know finally to say that it is impossible and should be removed from you or not. For my patients, if they have papillomas and want to get rid of them, I prescribe imichimod cream. Treatment of only the skin in the external genital area for 4 – 8 weeks. Processing 3 times a week, at night, after 1 day.

Question: Hello. Today I was on an ultrasound scan for pregnancy, after the consultation I found out that I have condyloma. I wanted to know if this could pass from me to my husband? And is it not dangerous to cauterize warts during pregnancy?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: In the presence of genital warts, it is necessary to abstain from sexual activity. The husband does not need to be treated, if he does not have growths on the penis, if there is, then contact a urologist or dermatologist. You need to remove warts, the sooner the better. Warts grow very quickly during pregnancy. Removal of genital warts is carried out by the method that is owned by the medical institution in which you are being observed or you will be referred. Removal is carried out with a laser or radio wave, it is not dangerous during pregnancy.

Question: Good afternoon! Please tell me…. visiting a gynecologist, he had to pay attention and say that I have .. condyloma on one of the labia minora ….?! I noticed a change … after the first childbirth …. but did not know what it was and what it was connected with … and now I would very much like to consult and get rid of this ailment !!!!!

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Svetlana, in order to say that you have on the labia, an examination is necessary and only after it can a diagnosis be made and treatment recommended. After childbirth, warts that appear during pregnancy, as a rule, disappear on their own.If there is a condyloma on one labia, then the same formation should appear on the opposite lip (mirror image). If this is not the case, then it is hardly a warts.

Question: Hello, doctor. Today, I was diagnosed with papillomas at the very vagina on the mucous membrane. They offered to remove them immediately, I agreed. They smeared them with solcoderm for me, they said that this is the most effective remedy. They said that there should be no relapse if the virus was blocked. Licopid 10mg was prescribed once a day for 10 days and as a prophylaxis epigenes before contact with a partner.Questions: can they really be removed with solcoderm? Will he help against papillomas in the palm of your hand? Is it really possible to block the virus with drugs? What is the likelihood of our partner getting infected if we have always been using condoms?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Papillomas are tender papillary growths on the mucous membrane. These growths on the mucous membrane of the vulva (at the entrance to the vagina) do not need to be removed for medical reasons, they are removed at the request of the patient for cosmetic purposes. Sometimes doctors have confusion between papillomas (it is not necessary to remove) and warts – rough scallop growths, they must be removed.Solcoderm is used to remove single warts or papillomas. Antiviral drugs Likopid and Epigen-spray are used in combination with the removal of genital warts, in particular solcoderm, to prevent recurrence of the disease. During treatment with solcoderm, it is necessary to refrain from sexual activity. Any antiviral medications do not guarantee you will get rid of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Growths on the skin of the palms are not associated with papillomas of the vulvar mucosa. This is also a viral lesion, but of a different type.The antiviral drugs prescribed for you (lycopid and epigen) are inappropriate to use to treat growths on the skin of the palms, this is unlikely to help. In this case, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist, sometimes they are also treated with solcoderm. The presence of papillomas, but not genital warts, cannot serve as a refusal to have sex, even without treatment.

Question: Hello. I have genital warts near the entrance to the vagina .. the gynecologist prescribed Elok ointment for me. AND EVERYTHING .. Do you think this is a normal treatment? Thanks

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: I believe that Elokom ointment in the presence of genital warts is the wrong vector of treatment. If these are indeed condylomas, then they must be removed surgically or prescribe local medications that have an antiviral effect, such as imiquimod cream.

Question: if warts and erosion of the cervix are found. what to treat first?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts should be treated first as they spread and cause discomfort.For cervical erosion, consult another doctor, because erosion is taken to be the normal state of the cervix, which is called ectopia.

Question: I developed 1 genital warts on the labia, and then disappeared by itself. Is it possible?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Yes, this is possible. The body (immune system) independently fights the human papillomavirus. Warts are the result of this virus. When the immunity copes with the virus, without treatment, then the elimination (disappearance) of genital warts is also possible.This does not happen 100% of the time, but it is possible.

Question: how to cure candidiasis?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Approaches to the treatment of genital warts: surgical in a medical facility and therapy at home. All methods have drawbacks, these are the recurrence of genital warts. The surgical method involves laser removal; it has an excellent cosmetic effect on the skin. Removal with argon plasma can be applied, it is also very beneficial from a cosmetic point of view. Cryosurgery, the method is good, but after it there are many relapses.At home, you can apply imiquimod cream, with a good effect. This cream is applied only to the skin where there are condylomas for 4 weeks. Processing 3 times a week at night.

Question: Hello, two days ago, genital warts were surgically removed in the vagina. (cut with a hot knife, I don’t understand the details). Now there is severe itching in this area. This is fine? And how to deal with it? Maybe this is somehow connected with thrush, which I periodically get?

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: This is a reaction of the mucous membrane to exposure. Burn wounds hurt, unfortunately, this is a consequence of the operation. You need to take pain relievers, such as rectal suppositories with indomethacin.

Question: flat warts-sil?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Yes, it’s LSIL. Lesion of stratified squamous epithelium of low severity or dysplasia of 1 degree.

Question: Hello! I am 20 years old. I went to the doctor and they told me that I have condyloma.Is this a dangerous disease and does it affect pregnancy?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : The presence of condyloma is not a dangerous disease, but an unpleasant one. Having genital warts affects sexual behavior, lowers quality of life, and raises concerns about future pregnancy. Warts themselves do not affect the fetus, but their presence during pregnancy causes problems. Warts during pregnancy begin to grow actively, which can cause discomfort in the genital area and difficulty walking.Removal of genital warts during pregnancy can be repeated and only by a surgical method. Therefore, genital warts should be healed and preferably as soon as possible before their number increases.

Question: Good evening! I use Aldara cream to remove genital warts and then I have a question – is this enough? Maybe what vitamins to drink or in parallel with what means to anoint? What do you advise?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Treatment with Aldara cream is the right choice of therapy.No additional medication (such as vitamins) is required. If the treatment with the cream does not cause any local reactions on the skin, then there is no need to take a break from the treatment or to treat the skin with other ointments or sprays.

Question: 3 weeks ago I was in the KVD. The doctor removed my genital warts (vaginal) with liquid nitrogen. 10 days ago I went to the reception again – the doctor cauterized the condylomas again. Now in the vagina (in places of genital warts) there is a strong burning sensation, as with a burn.And I see that the warts have remained. And the vagina hurts. What can be done now? The doctor went on vacation. Thank you!

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Cryotherapy, which was performed by a doctor, is one of the methods of treating genital warts. The main disadvantage of all existing treatments is that none of them guarantees complete elimination of genital warts. After cryotherapy, the effect of the treatment does not come immediately, but after a while. Therefore, at present, do not perform any repeated operations, but it is necessary to wait for the healing of the wound surface.For the purpose of anesthesia, rectal suppositories (into the rectum) with indomethacin at night. If, after epithelialization of the vaginal mucosa, condylomas remain, it is necessary to apply another method of their treatment.

Question: Good afternoon! Tell me how genital warts are treated? How many tests need to be taken (or determined only visually). Is it necessary to treat a partner if he has no visible manifestations?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : The presence of newly emerging genital warts in the anogenital region is an indication for home therapy.This treatment is carried out in consultation with your attending physician and under his supervision. The first line therapy at home is the use of imiquimod cream (not made in India), and leads to the disappearance of genital warts in most patients. Establishing the type of human papillomavirus (HPV) before starting treatment is not necessary, and does not provide additional clinical information if the doctor has no doubts that the data of the formation of condyloma. Treatment of a sexual partner is not required if he does not have warts (genital warts) on the penis.

Question: A year ago, my husband had genital warts removed in the groin area, cryodestruction was used. Then he underwent a course of immunotherapy, and a month ago he noticed a new warts, but in a different place. What to do, is it really impossible to remove this infection completely? What could have influenced the emergence of a new entity?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : The disadvantage of any method of treatment is that none of them guarantees the appearance of new genital warts. Relapses occur at the site of treatment or in new sites.Removal treatment must be repeated. The relapse rate depends on the immunity of a particular person, and taking immune drugs without evidence, in terms of fighting the virus.

Question: During pregnancy, 2 condylomas appeared in the perianal region, one too “long”, constantly touches. Also later I noticed how many pieces are in the décolleté area and near the neck. Now 4 months have passed after giving birth, I would like to get rid of them completely. She took metronidazole for 10 days and put Polygynax in parallel.There are no shifts. What to do?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Consultation on the treatment of genital warts is carried out by a gynecologist, and formations on the skin in the neck and décolleté are carried out by a dermatologist. Treatment can vary. Basic approaches: surgical removal – laser; electrosurgical, including radio wave; with a scalpel, this is a quick release. The second approach is chemical treatment of warts. The third, long-term approach is imiquimod cream (not made in India), it is used at home and the least relapses occur after this treatment.

Question: Hello! Tell me, is the treatment of warts in intimate places so fundamentally different from the treatment of warts on the hands or feet? Can one product be used? And if so, which one is better to use?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Treatment of warts in the anogenital area and in other places with a surgical method, for example with a laser, does not differ, but is carried out by doctors of different specialties. There are nuances in the use of local drugs (for example, imichimod cream), in the treatment of genital warts of different localizations.Therefore, it is necessary to consult a specialized specialist.

Question: Hello! I am pregnant, and, naturally, the breasts are constantly increasing, changing shape and appearance. Recently I noticed that on the nipple (at the very top, I always had a little cracked) something very similar to genital warts appeared – one of the miniature “balls” on the nipple increased and began to stick out like a drop. Could it be a warts on the chest? Or are these changes normal during pregnancy?

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: You cannot answer this question without inspection. During pregnancy, changes in the skin structure occur in the areola, and this may be a variant of the norm. It is enough to consult a doctor at the reception in the antenatal clinic.

Question: Good afternoon! If I have warts on my hands, can I transfer them to intimate places? More precisely infecting yourself? Or a partner, if I touch the organ with my hand?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts on hands are also viral formations.The spread of these warts can indeed occur through contact. Infection occurs when this contact occurs between the wart and an injured (damaged) area of ​​the skin or mucous membrane. This damage may not be visible to the eye. Therefore, it is better to get rid of warts not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also from a medical point of view.

Question: Y I have three warts on the inner sides of the legs next to the groin areas, they do not interfere, but are simply psychologically perceived as a time bomb, yesterday I read that in 1 out of 100 patients, warts can degenerate into malignant formations.Should I be treated for them?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Formations on the inner surfaces of the thigh, not a typical localization for genital warts. Therefore, consult a dermatologist about these formations. True single condylomas practically do not become malignant.

Question: Hello! I have HPV type 39, genital warts. I am undergoing a course of treatment. The partner has not found a virus. How can this be, if there was oral sex and somehow for a long time (but already with signs of HPV I have) an unprotected act.Does he still need to take the course? Thanks.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : In the absence of genital warts (genital warts) on the genitals, the sexual partner does not need treatment (medication). This means that the partner’s immunity copes with HPV on its own.

Question: Good afternoon! The doctor prescribed a remedy for genital warts, but I can’t really make out the name. There is the word either imiquimod or imiquimod. And there is another short word ahead.I can’t understand him. A search on the Internet did not give anything, or I do not know how to search ((Can you tell me what kind of tool it can be?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : The doctor has prescribed imiquimod cream for you. This is a drug that is prescribed in the presence of genital warts in the anogenital area.

Question: Dear Konstantin Vladimirovich! I have a question for you. I have extensions on my small lips that look like saws, How could I have them? I discovered them already 2 months ago, but I am afraid to go to the doctor.because I have never been there. What do you advise me? Can I take any medications?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Without inspection, I can not advise you anything. This may be the norm, just not paying attention to it before, or it may be a benign formation. It is necessary to go to an appointment with a gynecologist.

Question: It is clear that it is not curable. But if the operation is performed, they will disappear, or will they continue to appear all my life? I have candidiasis in the area of ​​the genitals.Cauterized, they appear again. What to do. Thank you.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts are not forever. The human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes the growth of genital warts, is fought by the human immune system, and in 80% of cases this virus wins. Any destructive (surgical) treatment does not always lead to complete elimination of the virus, but removes only visible warts, and the virus can be located nearby in a neighboring area of ​​the skin or mucous membrane. After removal, new warts begin to grow, in new places, therefore, antiviral drugs are used to prevent the recurrence of new warts.These drugs also do not have sufficient effectiveness, and which drug will help, and there is a varied number of them in our country, it is not known. An effective antiviral drug, which has long been successfully used abroad, and now in our country, is imichimod cream (only not of Indian production). If, after removing genital warts, they recur, then you do not need to remove any more, but apply this cream and there will be a good result. It is applied only to the skin 3 times a week, every other day, at night, for 4 weeks.

Question: Good afternoon. I have the following problem: in the month of April, I turned to my gynecologist with the fact that condylomas grew in the area of ​​the vagina and anus. The doctor took my tests, they did not find HPV, on May 18, they prescribed a removal. According to the agreement, on the appointed day, everything was removed, one warts were sent for histology. According to the results of histology, nothing dangerous was found. For a month, I treated the place where there were condylomas with Epigen spray, plus I also injected antiviral injections.But after the first menstruation after the removal procedure, I noticed that I had warts again in the same places. And less than a month later, a relapse happened, and now there are much more of them than last time, and they are growing very quickly. My gynecologist ordered a second removal of genital warts after the next menstruation. I have a Question, maybe I need to go not to a gynecologist, but to a dermatologist, and for what reason there was such a quick relapse.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Warts can be treated by a gynecologist or dermatologist, the main thing is that the doctor is a specialist and understands this problem.Antiviral injections do not always (rarely) help in this situation. In a situation where genital warts have recurred after surgery, and they grow rapidly, it is necessary to remove them again with an appointment, preferably before removing the imiquimod cream again. Continue it after removal for 4 weeks. Ask your doctor how to use it or read the instructions carefully.

Question: Hello, doctor. Today, I was diagnosed with papillomas at the very vagina on the mucous membrane.They offered to remove them immediately, I agreed. They smeared them with solcoderm for me, they said that this is the most effective remedy. They said that there should be no relapse if the virus was blocked. Licopid 10mg was prescribed once a day for 10 days and as a prophylaxis epigenes before contact with a partner. Questions: can they really be removed with solcoderm? Will he help against papillomas in the palm of your hand? Is it really possible to block the virus with drugs? What is the likelihood of our partner getting infected if we have always been using condoms?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Papillomas should not be confused with warts. Condylomas must be removed, but papillomas do not require removal, only at the request of the patient. Papillomas are not always a problem with the virus, but a feature of the structure of the mucous membrane.

Question: Will Aldara cream help cure candidiasis?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Good conservative treatment for genital warts. It is applied to the skin 3 times a week (for example: Monday-Wednesday-Friday), at night, for 4 weeks (minimum).

Question: Hello, can genital candidiasis appear immediately after a few days after unprotected sex with an infected partner?

Answer of Minkevich K.Q: Genital warts may appear several days after having unprotected sex with a sexual partner who has genital warts on the penis. Carriage of the papilloma virus by a sexual partner, without visible warts, is unlikely to lead to their growth in the partner after a few days. In this case, it is difficult to say when and from whom you were infected, if before that you had sexual intercourse with other partners, and even in a condom. Sexual contact can provoke a virus that was already in the mucous membranes of the genital tract.

Question: Good afternoon! Tell me, please, I had warts on the labia and in the vagina. Deleted in 3 months already three times. With a laser and twice with electrocoagulation, but still, at the next examination, the gynecologist finds more and more. After removal, I put candles Genferon or Viferon 5000-10 days, twice a day. I use Epigen spray. Cycloferon pricked injections. Tell me what else you can do? How to get rid of them? Is it possible to plan a pregnancy (we really want to) and what is the probability that they will reappear during pregnancy?

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Lack of effect from physiosurgical methods of treatment (laser, electrocoagulation) is not uncommon. Relapse after these occurs> 50% of cases. Therefore, it is best to combine one of these methods with the topical application of imiquimod cream. In this case, there are practically no relapses. In your case, you need to apply this cream, which is applied only to the skin. The cream is applied once every 3 days (for example: Monday-Wednesday-Friday) at night. One package contains 12 sachets (sachets) for 4 weeks, this is quite enough. If not all were eliminated, then the maximum duration is 16 weeks.Carefully read the instructions and the drug with a good effect. Despite the fact that it is applied to the skin, warts on the mucous membrane will also go away. It is not necessary to combine this method with other symptomatic therapy. It is not possible to predict warts will appear during pregnancy, but you should not be afraid of this. The effect of this therapy, I think, ensures that they do not show up during pregnancy.

Question: Hello. A year ago, during pregnancy, I developed condylomas. I was treated with genital warts, sent to another hospital to be removed while I wait, but why can’t I get pregnant, is it because of genital warts? Thank you for your attention.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : If you have genital warts, you do not need to get pregnant. They grow very quickly during pregnancy. There is imiquimod cream, which effectively removes warts. This dosage form is designed for home treatment by the patient himself. Good effect and safe application. Enough 1 package, where there are 12 sachets (sachets) of the cream, which is applied to the skin, every other day, at night.

Question: Good afternoon !! condyloma skin and perforation may appear inside the genital tract or only outside

Answer of Minkevich K.V.: Condylomas are rough scallop growths, papillomas are delicate papillary formations. Examination by a gynecologist is required because they affect the cervix, vagina, external genitalia.

Question: Hello! For half a year already, I had acute intestinal candidiasis in the anus, I didn’t know what it was and didn’t go to the village until today I decided to search the Internet, after reading a couple of sites I am horrified, I don’t know what to do, I’m 23 I am in position almost seventh month.On the first site I saw that you can burn with iodine and immediately burned it, did I do the right thing? Give advice on what to do? how to be It is very scary after seeing videos about kandilomas.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Treatment of condyloma with iodine is not indicated. You are 28 weeks pregnant, so there is still a lot of time ahead and condyloma can grow significantly before delivery. Therefore, you need to consult a GI doctor and apply the method of removing condyloma, the method that the doctor owns or he will send to the hospital, where it will be removed.There are various methods of treatment during pregnancy: conservative – condilin or surgical – laser or radio wave removal.

Question: Hello. I have had warts for 3 months on the labia (only outside). The doctor said to remove (remove by radio waves). Is it a mandatory procedure or can a cream replace laser, radio waves or cryo removal? And are imichimod and aldara the same thing or not?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Imichimod is the active ingredient in Aldara cream (trade name).I do not advise removing the radio wave, it turns out roughly. The laser is good, cryo is ineffective. Imichimod is the golden mean, he recommended starting treatment with him.

Question: I live in the Kaliningrad region, in which pharmacy I have not asked for such an Aldar cream, they don’t even know how and where can I buy it?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : I don’t know where you can buy it in the Kaliningrad region. In the pharmacies of St. Petersburg it is, I think, and in the pharmacies of Kaliningrad it should be. Type on the Internet search imiquimod cream, this is the active ingredient of Aldara cream.

Question: Hello. I would like to consult a specialist regarding the treatment of genital warts. I discovered them about 3 weeks ago in the vaginal area and on the outside of the penis. At that time I was pregnant, but soon I had a fading pregnancy. Please tell me which method is better to start treatment and should I take any medications? Thank you very much in advance.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Getting warts during pregnancy means that you are infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV).Pregnancy reduces the immune defense of the woman’s body, and the virus is activated when the pregnancy ends, in your case it is interrupted, the immune system is restored. The body itself begins to actively fight the virus, and in a large number of cases, condylomas disappear without any treatment. If the number of genital warts increases or you want to get rid of them faster, I recommend imiquimod cream. Apply to the skin in the area of ​​warts growth 3 times a week at night for 4 weeks. The vaginal mucosa does not need to be processed, the therapeutic effect will be from application to the skin.

Question: Hello! I heard many reviews that after removing genital warts in intimate places in women with the help of Surgitron it is impossible to have a full sex life (meaning after several months and even years after removal), because it hurts very much !!!! Why are there such consequences?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Surgitron is a radio wave removal of warts (electrical impact). After any electrical action, scars remain, which can disrupt the trophism (nutrition) of tissues.Therefore, there may be areas of the skin or mucous membrane with increased sensitivity, but over time, tissue nutrition is somewhat restored, and the discomfort gradually disappears.

Question: papillomas are everywhere: they are large under the arms, small along the chest, and now they have grown on the neck. How to get rid of them, because where they are sometimes itches very much.

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : This is a viral influence. In these places, the most effective method of treatment is laser removal.Effective and good cosmetic result. Unfortunately, over time, new papillomas will appear on the skin, which will require new removals. These are cosmetic laser procedures.

Question: Good evening! I have been suffering from diabetes for four years (on insulin) and recently experienced a coma (five days). After these events, condylomas appeared and began to grow very quickly and spread to all genitals, forming whole growths, it suffers from terrible itching, but it may be associated with high sugar.I tried to treat with Kondilin, but it was very painful. As I understand it, after a coma and drugs, the immunity has disappeared. I took medications to boost the immune system. How can and in general it is possible to get rid of a kandil in my illness without resorting to surgical intervention and uterine cancer is possible, if the risk of oncogenicity is revealed, and is it high?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Firstly, in diabetes mellitus, you need to regulate blood sugar, then the immune system will recover a little. Secondly, in order to understand you are at risk for cervical cancer, you need to pass a scraping for the human papillomavirus (HPV).The presence of an oncogenic type of HPV does not necessarily cause cancer, but in this case, once a year, a smear for cytology from the cervix must be taken from a gynecologist in combination with an HPV test. Immunity can cope with the virus on its own without any treatment. Warts are caused by a non-oncogenic type of virus that does not cause cancer, only the growth of warts. Considering the presence of diabetes mellitus, try starting treatment for genital warts with imiquimod cream. It should only be applied to the skin 3 times a week (Monday-Wednesday-Friday).Before starting treatment, read the instructions in order to use it correctly and how to react if there is a reaction to it.

Question: Hello! I had several problems at once. Cystitis, violation of microflora and HPV with warts near the vagina. The doctor prescribed pills to restore microflora, cystitis is generally ignored, and condyloma is taken lightly. And they said that I could not infect a partner, but I read that it is easily tolerated. Most of the time, everything itches and itches for me, I can’t wait to be prescribed something.What should I do next?

Answer of K.V. Minkevich : Before starting treatment, it is necessary to pass tests for latent infection – chlamydia, mycoplasma genitalium, in the presence of cystitis, urealiticum for ureaplasma. Treatment for cystitis is antibacterial drugs that need to be clarified with a urologist. Burning and itching at the entrance to the vagina and in the vagina is a manifestation of vulvovaginal candidiasis (thrush), it is necessary to use antifungal drugs (suppositories and ointment). When the acute phase of inflammation subsides a little, warts must be removed.If warts begin to grow before the acute inflammation subsides, they must be removed immediately. Removal methods are better than laser or argon plasma ablation. In the absence of inflammation, imiquimod cream can be applied.

90,000 Pesky thrush: how to say goodbye to her forever | Healthy life | Health

You may be surprised, but the causative agent of thrush – a small and restless yeast Candida – lives in the body of every healthy person.In minimal quantities, it does not cause trouble, but as soon as it finds itself in favorable conditions for itself, the microorganism begins to multiply vigorously. Before you can blink an eye, the classic symptoms of vaginal candidiasis appear: profuse cheesy discharge, itching, burning and pain during urination and intercourse. Fortunately, modern medicines make it possible to get rid of these troubles in the shortest possible time, but, alas, not forever. Thrush is an obsessive lady and loves to return to their homes.Therefore, in 40% of women, once faced with this scourge, the disease occurs again. In order not to confirm the sad statistics and prevent the recurrence of an unpleasant sore, try not to provoke the fungus to take action. Believe me, this is not at all difficult to do. You just need to follow a few rules.

Forget about shower gel

You yourself know very well that you need to start intimate hygiene with clean hands. But just washing your hands is not enough.It is also necessary to thoroughly clean the surface under the nails, because this is where the most bacteria accumulate. When washing, make sure that the stream of water is directed strictly from front to back, otherwise an infection may enter the vagina from the anus. It is better not to use soap and shower gel, as they disrupt the natural acid-base balance. It’s okay if foam gets into your vagina a couple of times. But constant alkaline attacks will inevitably lead to serious violations of the microflora. Therefore, it is better to acquire a special product for the care of delicate areas, which includes plant extracts with antimicrobial action and lactic acid, which suppresses the reproduction of pathogens.But drugs with triclosan are not worth buying, because together with dangerous bacteria, this antiseptic also destroys useful ones. Having picked up the tube you like, be sure to see if there are any artificial colors and fragrances in its composition. Such additives are additional provoking factors, so it is better to do without them.

After water procedures, do not be lazy to thoroughly wipe the skin around the genitals. And make it a rule to always use your own towel. In someone else’s, especially humid, dangerous microorganisms can lurk.

Don’t be afraid of thong

There is an opinion that thong panties can provoke thrush. Allegedly, this model of underwear has a very narrow gusset, which cuts into the skin and serves as an excellent conductor of intestinal flora in the vagina. But gynecologists assure that this is not so and there is nothing to be afraid of. Therefore, you can relax and breathe a sigh of relief. You don’t have to say goodbye to your favorite style. Wear your adorable thongs for health! Just make sure that the panties “breathe”.Until recently, cotton was considered the best fabric for making underwear. It is perfectly breathable, does not cause allergies, but, unfortunately, easily absorbs moisture. If you sweat, this fabric will instantly get wet, and until it dries, you will not feel very comfortable. In addition, pathogens thrive in warm, humid environments. Therefore, it is better to pay attention to “smart” artificial materials. These are microfiber, modal, tactile and measure. They have the positive properties of cotton, but they do not wrinkle, they are highly elastic, and most importantly, they are able to remove moisture to the surface.If you sweat, the laundry will stay dry and the devious Candida fungi will have no chance of causing you any trouble.

Try not to wear elastic tights on hot days. They, like cheap synthetic underwear, are poorly breathable and create a special microclimate in which pathogens readily multiply.

“Bite” the tablet with kefir

Certain medications can provoke thrush. The greatest danger to the normal microflora of the vagina is posed by antibiotics, which, while helping in the treatment of diseases, involuntarily cause harm.The fact is that they do not distinguish between “harmful” and “useful” bacteria and, once in the body, they kill everyone. Therefore, having drunk a course of antibiotics, you can easily disrupt the natural balance between fungi and bacteria in the vagina and, as a result, get thrush. And if you take such medications uncontrollably, swallowing them in handfuls even with a banal cold, then candidiasis can generally turn into a chronic form and will haunt you like a bad dream. Therefore, remember once and for all: you can drink antibiotics only under strict indications and with the permission of a doctor.Also, be careful with immunosuppressants, hormones, and birth control pills. When consumed regularly, they alter hormonal status and create ideal conditions for Candida to multiply.

If for health reasons you have to resort to the help of drugs dangerous for the microflora, 2 hours before taking medications and 2 hours after, be sure to drink a glass of kefir or eat yogurt with live bifidocultures. This will help you maintain an optimal balance of bacteria and fungi in your vagina.

Don’t eat blue cheese

Some people think that thrush often visits sweet tooths. And there is an explanation for this. Sugar is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, and if too much sugar enters the body, the normal level of acidity in the vagina may change. Candida fungi will certainly take advantage of this circumstance. Therefore, if you notice a connection between the consumption of sweets and the development of infections, try to make adjustments to your diet. Eat “bad” carbohydrates less.By the way, in addition to confectionery, packaged juices and nectars, sweet carbonated drinks, ketchup, ice cream, honey, etc. should be included in the black list. Also, be careful with fresh cabbage, baked goods made from yeast dough and cheeses, especially with noble mold. According to some reports, they can also provoke thrush.

But products that increase immunity will come in handy. Lean on vegetables, herbs and fruits, except for grapes, which are too high in monosaccharides – glucose, fructose and sucrose.Garlic, red peppers, cranberries and lingonberries will also serve well, as they have a pronounced antiseptic effect and will not let the infection roam.

Expert opinion

Marina Drozdova, obstetrician-gynecologist:

– If, despite the measures taken, thrush comes back again and again, the gynecologist may prescribe eubiotic preparations as a prophylaxis, which normalize the natural microflora of the vagina. Before this, it will be useful to pass a smear for pathogenic microorganisms: staphylococci, streptococci, etc.etc., and at the same time undergo an examination by a gastroenterologist in order to exclude the possibility of migration of fungal flora from the intestine into the vagina.

Who is to blame?

Pool . Swimming in dirty ponds and pools with chlorinated water can trigger the return of thrush. Therefore, splash only in clean h3O, and when you get out, immediately put on a dry swimsuit.

Gaskets . When in contact with the body, the panty liner creates an ideal breeding ground for Candida fungi.To prevent this from happening, change your hygiene product every 4 hours.

Bad habits. Nicotine and alcohol weaken the immune system and can provoke candidiasis. Even with secondhand smoke, you are at risk.

Stress. Try to worry less, as excessive emotionality creates favorable conditions for the growth of yeast-like fungi.

Random connections . Under the pressure of aggressive bacteria, viruses and fungi of foreign flora, beneficial bacteria in the vagina can surrender, and candida fungi can roam.

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Fungal infections – articles on infectious diseases

Fungus of nails and feet

Fungal diseases of nails and feet are widespread. In Russia, every fifth person has nail fungus, in Moscow – every fourth.


The term “lichen” in dermatological practice denotes a number of diseases that differ in origin, severity of the course and even the degree of danger to others.The only thing these skin diseases have in common is the appearance of the rash. Only a dermatologist can accurately determine the type of lichen, to whom you need to contact at the first manifestations of suspicious rashes.

Fungal diseases of the skin

Fungal diseases (mycoses) occur when specific fungi multiply in the human body.

Ringworm (ringworm) of the body

Human skin is subject to a large number of possible diseases. They differ both in the degree of danger to the body and in the method of infection.Microsporia, or ringworm, is a relatively safe, but very common disease that can deprive a person of a normal lifestyle for several weeks.

Fungus of the skin and internal organs (deep mycoses)

Fungi can affect not only the skin and nails, but also penetrate into the body.

Candidiasis (thrush)

Candidiasis is a disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida.

Treatment of nail and foot fungus

Treatment of fungal diseases should be supervised by a dermatologist.Incorrectly selected antifungal agents can only lead to temporary improvement, without curing the disease itself.

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When sex is dangerous: semen allergy | Culture and Lifestyle in Germany and Europe | DW

The chief physician of the Bonn University Hospital, dermatologist and allergist, Professor Jean Pierre Allam still remembers his first patient, who was diagnosed with a rare type of disease – an allergy to male semen.The woman complained that after sexual contact, she began to show signs of a local allergic reaction – severe itching and swelling of the genitals. According to the physician, at present, about a third of patients in allergology departments apply with such complaints.

Jean-Pierre Allam

Many women with this type of allergy have even more severe symptoms. We are talking about the so-called “systemic reactions” that cause harm to the entire body. “In such cases, redness of the skin is accompanied by severe burning, shortness of breath, dizziness, frequent urge to defecate and urinate.It can lead to anaphylactic shock, fraught with loss of consciousness and even death, “explains Professor Jean-Pierre Allam. According to him, this is similar to an allergic reaction caused by a sting of bees and wasps. the disease was described back in 1958, and few people know about sperm allergy.According to the assumptions of doctors, in developed countries, this form of allergy is especially widespread. It’s just that not all women suffering from it decide to see a doctor. Or doctors make an erroneous diagnosis, since semen allergy can be easily confused with infectious or sexually transmitted diseases.

Risk group

Male semen consists of a number of substances that can cause allergies. In most cases, it is provoked by an endogenous protein (prostate specific antigen – PSA) contained in the prostate of every man.During ejaculation, PSA provides sperm liquefaction and thereby increases sperm motility, which is necessary for penetration into the female egg and its fertilization.

Allergies are caused by the substances contained in semen

In some patients, a strong allergic reaction was marked by the first sexual intercourse in their life. Later studies have suggested that the risk group includes primarily women susceptible to PSA allergy in dogs.From the mucous membrane of the canine external genital organs, endogenous protein is carried through the dog’s hair, after which it can spread throughout the apartment. So when we talk about “hypersensitivity to dogs,” we are not talking about an allergy to wool, but an allergy to foreign proteins that have settled on the hairs. Therefore, doctors strongly recommend: get a dog – be careful, stroke the dog – wash your hands thoroughly!

Semen allergies are also susceptible to those who are hypersensitive to certain foods.For example, there is a known case when a woman who is allergic to nuts almost lost her life after sexual contact with a man who, as it later turned out, was eating nuts a few hours before the date.

When men are affected

Allergic reactions to semen also occur in men. This disease, called Post Orgasmic Illness Syndrome (POIS), is still poorly understood. According to Professor Allam, the symptoms reported by such patients are not always associated with allergies.Patients complain of headache, prostration, fever, runny nose. Moreover, the malaise can make itself felt for a whole week after ejaculation. At first glance, everything looks like a cold.

Nevertheless, doctors believe that in some cases it may be an allergic reaction. This is confirmed by the results of the so-called allergic skin tests, which are used in the diagnosis of allergic diseases. They showed that many men with post-orgasmic malaise syndrome are also allergic to their own PSA.The social consequences of this autoimmune disease are such that during sex, many patients try to avoid orgasm, or abstain from sexual intercourse altogether.

How to beat the disease

But what about those who are allergic to semen? For women who do not want to have children, the simplest solution is to use a condom, says Jean-Pierre Allam. For those who dream of offspring, the doctor offers three options. If the allergy symptoms are only local in nature and do not affect the entire body, the patient can take antihistamines that can relieve itching, swelling, and redness.

Another possibility is to use the method of desensitization with allergens contained in semen: a small amount of an allergen is injected locally into the woman’s body. Each time, its volume increases. Gradually, the immune system gets used to the substance, and tolerance develops, explains Jean-Pierre Allam.

At the same time, the allergist makes a significant reservation: the minus of the desensitization method is that in order to maintain tolerance, re-introduction of allergens must be carried out in a relatively short time – every two to three days.Otherwise, everything will go down the drain.

The third option is artificial insemination. If a woman wants to give birth to a child from a partner, to whose PSA she is allergic, his sperm is taken, the sperm is gradually released from the prostate specific antigen and their introduction into the egg. In Germany, for allergies confirmed by a doctor’s diagnosis, the costs of these procedures can be covered by health insurance.

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