About all

Yeast infection medicine for males: The request could not be satisfied


Male Yeast Infection (Candida Balanitis)

Prevalence of Candidal Balanitis, a Yeast Infection of the Penis

Candida yeasts are responsible for 30 to 35 percent of all cases of balanitis, according to a report published in the journal Clinical Microbiology Reviews. (4)

Other infectious sources of balanitis include streptococci and staphylococci bacteria, Herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus, and a sexually transmitted bacterium called Mycoplasma genitalium. (5)

But candida balanitis is not well studied, so it’s unclear how many men the illness affects each year (though it’s thought to be a rare condition).

Various Candida species, most notably C. albicans, live in the gastrointestinal tract and other warm areas of the body without causing illness (they only cause issues when they’re present in large numbers). (4)

In fact, about 20 percent of women have Candida living in their vagina and don’t experience any yeast infection symptoms, according to a report published in the journal The Lancet. (1)

Candida is commonly found on the penis, with studies suggesting that 16 to 26 percent of men carry the yeast. About 37 percent of men with Candida experience no symptoms, while 27 percent of them develop balanitis, according to a study of new attendees to a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases. (6)

Causes and Risk Factors of Candidal Balanitis or Penile Yeast Infection

Unlike with vaginal yeast infections, penile yeast infections are usually sexually acquired — when a man has sex with someone who has a yeast infection.

But candidal balanitis isn’t considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD) because men can get the infection without having sex.

There are several risk factors that increase a man’s risk of getting a penile yeast infection, including:

  • Antibiotics, which kill the “good” bacteria that keep Candida‘s numbers in check
  • Immune-suppressing illnesses, particularly HIV
  • Diabetes mellitus (aka diabetes)
  • Corticosteroids

Additionally, Candida yeast colonization and infection are more common among men with uncircumcised penises than men with circumcised penises (the warm, moist environment underneath the foreskin promotes yeast growth). (6)

A study published in the Journal of European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology found that candidal balanitis was strongly associated with age over 40 years and diabetes mellitus. And men older than 60 years were more likely to have Candida colonization. (7)

Hygiene may also play a role in candidal balanitis development.

Washing with perfumed shower gels and soaps can irritate the skin, potentially helping Candida multiply. (8)

Symptoms of Male Yeast Infections (Candidal Balanitis)

Common symptoms of candidal balanitis include:

  • Burning and itching around the head of the penis, which worsens after having sex
  • Redness and swelling
  • Small, rash-like bumps called papules, which may have pus
  • Pain during urination or sex

If you have candidal balanoposthitis, you may also have:

  • A thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskin
  • An unpleasant odor of the foreskin
  • Difficulty pulling back your foreskin

Men with diabetes may experience more severe symptoms, including fluid buildup and ulceration of the penis, as well as fissuring of the foreskin.

Complications with balanitis are rare, but may include an inability to retract the foreskin, cellulitis (inflammation of connective tissue beneath the skin), and a narrowing of the urethra that makes urinating difficult. (6,9)

Treating Penile Yeast Infections (Yeast Infection in Men)

Like vaginal yeast infections, penile yeast infections are easily treated with antifungal drugs called azoles.

There are a number of over-the-counter and prescription-based topical medicines available, including:

In some cases, these drugs may be combined with hydrocortisone to reduce marked inflammation.

Importantly, topical oil-based medication cannot be used with latex condoms.

Alternatively, an oral azole medication called Diflucan (fluconazole) is effective for yeast infections.

If the topical or oral treatments don’t work, make sure to see your doctor, as you may have another kind of balanitis or an infection by a Candida species resistant to azole antifungals. (6,10)

Econazole Topical (Econazole Nitrate) – Side Effects, Interactions, Uses, Dosage, Warnings

Use Econazole Topical (Econazole Nitrate) exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Do not take by mouth. Topical medicine is for use only on the skin.

Wash your hands before and after applying this medicine. Clean and dry the affected area.

Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you do not understand these instructions.

To treat athlete’s foot: Apply the medicine to the affected areas and nearby skin once per day for 1 month.

To treat jock itch, ringworm, or tinea versicolor: Apply the medicine to the affected areas and nearby skin once per day for 2 weeks.

To treat yeast infections of the skin: Apply the medicine to the affected areas and nearby skin twice per day for 2 weeks.

Do not cover the treated skin area unless your doctor tells you to. Bandaging can increase the amount of drug absorbed through your skin and may cause harmful effects.

Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time, even if your symptoms quickly improve. Skipping doses can increase your risk of infection that is resistant to medication. Econazole topical will not treat a bacterial infection.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse.

Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the tube tightly closed when not in use.

Econazole topical foam is flammable. Do not use near high heat or open flame. Do not store in direct sunlight. Do not smoke until the foam has completely dried on your skin.

Can men get yeast infections? Male yeast infection treatments

While it’s true that yeast infections (candidiasis) are more prevalent among women, men can get yeast infections, too. 

Both female and male yeast infections are caused by a fungus called Candida Albicans, which is a natural part of our skin flora, especially in moist areas and mucous membranes. However, a fungal overgrowth in the mouth, foreskin, or head of the penis can cause a yeast infection. 

Because they often occur after sexual intercourse and affect the sexual organs, it’s tempting to lump yeast infections with sexually transmitted diseases. But the infection isn’t actually spread via sex. Rather, sexual contact can spark the growth of the candida fungus, catalyzing an infection. These are just some misconceptions about yeast infections in men, so here’s what you need to know to identify, prevent, and treat a male yeast infection.

Symptoms of male yeast infections

Most might cringe at the thought of fungal overgrowth on their genitals, but the good news is that some men don’t experience any symptoms of yeast infections. Others, however, might begin to notice early symptoms like moist skin around the penile head, redness, and itching. As the infection progresses, symptoms might include:

  • More severe irritation or itchiness
  • Sores on the foreskin or penis
  • A white, discharge in the penile skin folds (resembling cottage cheese)
  • Discomfort during sex
  • A moldy smell
  • A burning sensation during urination
  • A red rash
  • Whiteish, shiny patches of skin

A candidal infection can also lead to balanitis, a condition characterized by inflammation in the penile head and foreskin. 

Because candida also exists in the mouth, it’s possible to develop a different type of yeast infection called oral thrush, which might include symptoms like:

  • White lesions on the tongue, inner cheeks, palate, tonsils, or gums
  • Loss of taste
  • Redness, burning, or soreness
  • A bad taste in the mouth
  • A cotton-like sensation in the mouth
  • Difficulty swallowing

Someone with particularly severe symptoms or an infection that doesn’t respond to over-the-counter medications should visit your healthcare provider. Anyone experiencing their very first yeast infection would also be wise to schedule an appointment. Doctors are often able to clinically diagnose a male yeast infection, says Susan Bard, MD, a board-certified dermatologist at Vive Dermatology Surgery & Aesthetics in Brooklyn. It’s often recognizable through symptoms, medical history, and a visual examination. If necessary, she says, a diagnosis can be “confirmed with a fungal culture swab.” 

Male yeast infection risk factors and causes

We’ve already established that yeast infections in men and women are caused by an excess of candida yeast on the skin. Moist, occluded areas are the biggest risk factor, says Dr. Bard. These areas are much for conducive environments for a candida imbalance. But perhaps the more pressing question is: what causes this fungal imbalance? The most common culprit is sexual contact with an affected partner. Again, these fungal infections aren’t contagious, and they’re not sexually transmitted infections, but a direct encounter with candida overgrowth can affect the skin’s natural fungal cells. 

The good news is that they’re somewhat avoidable. However, certain behaviors, medications, and conditions can drastically increase the chances of developing a candida infection, like:

  • Poor hygiene and cleanliness
  • Having diabetes (higher blood sugar means more sugar in a man’s urine, which can stimulate yeast growth)
  • Using soaps or shower gels that irritate the skin
  • Being uncircumcised
  • Humid, moist environments
  • Prolonged use of antibiotics
  • Obesity
  • Diseases that suppress the immune system

Avoiding these risk factors can contribute significantly to yeast infection prevention. 

Male yeast infection treatment

The easiest way to avoid or treat yeast infections is by taking preventative measures. But sometimes, even if a man takes every precaution, he might still end up with excess fungus. Luckily, it is treatable. Most cases are mild and will respond to over-the-counter antifungal drugs, but severe cases might require stronger prescription medications.

Male yeast infection home remedies

Let’s start with the basics. Good hygiene is essential. Keeping the genitals clean and dry will help manage fungal growth. Using scented shower gels and wearing tight-fitting underwear can irritate the skin and contribute to a warm, moist environment, aka yeast paradise. Wearing a condom during sexual intercourse will also help protect the penis from a fungal imbalance. 

Candida infections will occasionally go away on their own, but ignoring them isn’t a good idea. A few yeast infection home remedies can be useful for mild cases. Taking probiotic supplements or eating probiotic-rich foods like natural yogurt can help restore the body’s yeast and bacteria balances. Natural foods and oils with antifungal properties can also act as effective topical treatments, such as:

  • Garlic
  • Tea tree oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Apple cider vinegar (always dilute it first!)
  • Hydrogen peroxide (also diluted)

Men who have a yeast infection should also refrain from sex until they’ve recovered, as it can further irritate the affected area and potentially throw off their partner’s candida balance.

Oral thrush may respond to similar home remedies, but mixed with water and used as a mouthwash. Saltwater rinses can also be effective. 


Simple OTC antifungal medications can handle most penile yeast infections and oral thrush. Some of the most effective antifungal creams include Lotrimin (clotrimazole) and Monistat (miconazole). The latter is often marketed specifically for women with vaginal yeast infections, but it’s just as effective for men. The primary side effect of these topical medications is temporary irritation (i.e., burning or itching) at the application site.

“Topical antifungals are typically effective,” Dr. Bard says. “For recalcitrant infections, an oral antifungal may be prescribed.” A healthcare provider can prescribe a one-time dose of stronger oral medication, like Diflucan (fluconazole). Yeast infections, even severe ones, will typically go away after a short course of prescription medication.

Oral thrush treatments often involve an antifungal mouthwash using Diflucan, Mycelex Troche, Nystop, or Ketoconazole instead.

With proper care and medications, most male yeast infections should clear up in three to 14 days. Any infection that persists beyond two weeks, even with medication, warrants another trip to the doctor, as it might require a different treatment.

Get the SingleCare prescription discount card

Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

A yeast infection is a general name for an infection caused by a fungus. Yeast infections can affect many different areas of the body, including the mouth, skin folds, and genitals. A male yeast infection is a fungal infection of the groin, which can include the penis. Jock itch is the common name for this type of male fungal infection.

There are about 200 kinds of fungi that can cause disease in humans. Trichophyton is the most common one that causes jock itch. However, when talking about yeast infections, most people are referring to infections with Candida albicans—or Candida for short. Candida infections affecting the groin are somewhat uncommon in men. They are much more common in women.

Candida is normally present on the skin, along with other microorganisms. Your skin’s environment and your immune system usually keep these microorganisms in balance and in check. When something upsets this balance, a yeast infection can develop. In men, this is most likely to happen if you have diabetes, have a weakened immune system, or have sex with a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection.

One of the main male yeast infection symptoms is swelling and redness of the head of the penis. Balanitis is the medical term for this. You may also notice a thick, white substance in the skin folds on the penis. Balanitis from a yeast infection is more common in uncircumcised men than in those who are circumcised.

Male yeast infection treatment usually consists of over-the-counter topical antifungal creams. Sometimes, a prescription oral antifungal is necessary to clear the infection if topical treatment fails. In uncircumcised men, recurrent or chronic yeast infections can be a reason to consider circumcision.

Male yeast infections rarely lead to serious problems or complications. However, you should contact your doctor if you have symptoms of a yeast infection that don’t improve with a week of treatment or if symptoms return after treatment.

Methods and when to seek help

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

A male yeast infection is a fungal infection. Two types of fungi that can cause a yeast infection in males are dermatophytes and Candida, typically Candida albicans. A person may be able to reduce the symptoms and treat the infection at home.

Yeast infections are more common in uncircumcised males because the foreskin provides a place for the yeast to grow.

In this article, we look at how to treat a yeast infection in males at home. We also discuss the symptoms of these infections and explain when to see a doctor.

Some people may find that home remedies can provide symptom relief.

Over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal cream

As yeast is a type of fungus, topical antifungal creams can help treat yeast infections. Clotrimazole 1% and miconazole 1% are the first-line treatments for yeast infections. Those who are allergic to these medications can use nystatin cream instead.

A person can apply these OTC topical antifungals for 1–3 weeks.

If a person has a severe infection, they should see a doctor, as they may need oral antifungal medication.

Antifungal creams are available to purchase online.


Research suggests that honey may be able to inhibit the growth of fungi. A 2019 study tested different types of honey against C. albicans and dermatophytes. The researchers found that Agastache, manuka, and tea tree honey demonstrated the highest levels of fungicidal activity.

People can purchase manuka honey online.


People can try applying yogurt to the affected area, or they can eat it to promote the growth of beneficial bacteria.

Yogurt contains bacteria called Lactobacillus that might help restore a healthy bacterial balance.

A 2015 study of females with vaginal yeast infections found that a solution of honey and yogurt mixed with clotrimazole relieved some of their symptoms.

This strategy might also work on penile yeast infections.

Apple cider vinegar (ACV)

Although more research is necessary to confirm its benefits, ACV remains a popular home remedy that may be effective against yeast infections.

However, there is conflicting research regarding the effectiveness of ACV against Candida.

One 2015 study found that ACV showed antifungal properties against this species. However, a more recent 2019 article found that although ACV has strong antibacterial properties, yeasts, particularly Candida, were less susceptible.

It is important to note that applying vinegar to delicate skin, such as the penis, may cause skin reactions. Therefore, a person wishing to try using ACV may find it helpful to dilute it in a little water.

Many different apple cider vinegar products are available online.

There are three common types of yeast infection that can occur in males.


Candidiasis is another term for thrush.

According to the United Kingdom’s National Health Service (NHS), some people may not have any symptoms.

However, if symptoms do occur, they can include:

  • irritation, itching, or burning sensations under the foreskin
  • flushed patches of skin under the foreskin or at the tip of the penis
  • discharge under the foreskin that can look similar to cottage cheese
  • an unpleasant smell
  • a tight foreskin

Jock itch

According to the Urology Care Foundation, jock itch, or tinea cruris, is also a type of fungal infection. However, it typically occurs due to dermatophytes, as opposed to C. albicans.

The symptoms are similar to those of a yeast infection, but they include a rash around the groin that may extend to the thighs, perineum, or buttocks.


Balanitis is a type of itching and inflammation of the head of the penis. C. albicans appears to be the most common cause of balanitis.

The symptoms of balanitis include:

  • tight, shiny skin
  • inflammation
  • thick, white discharge under the foreskin
  • tight foreskin
  • sores
  • painful urination

Male yeast infections occur when there is an overgrowth of yeast.

Certain factors may increase the likelihood of this occurring:


Taking antibiotics may kill some healthy bacteria that keep yeast in check.

A weakened immune system

Chronic underlying diseases, such as diabetes and HIV, may weaken the body’s immune response and increase the risk of yeast infections.

A person should wash the penis regularly with warm water. If they have a foreskin, they should gently pull it back and wash underneath it.

Anyone with a yeast infection should avoid sexual activity until the infection has cleared.

If a person notices any symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), they should see a doctor. Some STIs increase the chance of yeast infections.

A person should call a doctor if there is any sign of an infection on the genitals or if prescription treatments are not working for a known infection.

People with HIV or a weakened immune system should speak to a doctor about a yeast infection as soon as possible, as they have an increased chance of the infection spreading to other parts of the body.

Yeast infections can be painful and uncomfortable. They typically occur when there is an overgrowth of yeast.

Although a person can try home remedies to relieve the symptoms, they should see a doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Male Yeast Infection Causes and Symptoms

Yeast infections are often seen as a female health issue, as vaginal candidiasis is a common problem. While the cases of men getting yeast infections are less common, anyone can get one regardless of gender or age. In most cases, yeast infections go away on their own or within a few days with treatment.

Candidal balanitis or balanitis thrush is the most common type of yeast infection in men. This type of balanitis typically causes inflammation of the tip of the penis. In uncircumcised males, yeast may also affect the foreskin, a condition called candidal balanoposthitis.

Candida yeasts are responsible for up to 35% of all cases of balanitis. But yeast infections in men have not been studied enough and researchers are unsure how many men are affected yearly.

Verywell / Gary Ferster

Male Yeast Infection Symptoms

Unlike yeast infections in women, men generally don’t experience symptoms. However, once symptoms do appear, they can cause extreme discomfort and pain.  

Symptoms of yeast infections in men include:

  • Burning with urination (dysuria)
  • Sores on the foreskin of the penis, with cracking or bleeding of the foreskin
  • Irritation and itchiness
  • White, lumpy, foul-smelling discharge
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Redness and inflammation at the top of the penis
  • Small rash-like bumps that may contain pus
  • Patches of white, shiny skin at the top of the penis

Causes and Risk Factors

Many men will contract a yeast infection from sexual contact with their affected female partner, as women are more susceptible to yeast infections. While organisms causing the infection can be transmitted through sex, balanitis is not considered a sexually transmitted infection because men can get the infection without being sexually active.

Other causes and potential risk factors for male yeast infections include:

  • Poor hygiene
  • Being uncircumcised
  • Having diabetes, as men with diabetes have a higher amount of sugar in their urine, which may promote the growth of yeasts
  • Prolonged use of antibiotics, which lower probiotic counts, allowing for the growth of Candida
  • Weakened immune systems due to illness and chronic health conditions, which allows Candida to spread
  • Using soaps and skin products that irritate the skin
  • Wearing tight-fitting underwear or wet clothing
  • Hot, humid environments
  • Condoms that contain lubricants
  • Using spermicides
  • Being overweight

When to See a Doctor

Untreated and serious yeast infections of the penis could potentially cause chronic prostatitis. Chronic balanitis also can lead to narrowing or tightening of the foreskin (phimosis), narrowing of the urethral opening (meatus), or other changes of the skin (balanitis xerotica obliterates, leukoplakia).

Men who have never had a yeast infection or who have severe symptoms should be medically checked out. It is also important to see a doctor when an infection does not clear on its own and to rule out other problems, including diabetes and other conditions that cause a weakened immune system.

If a yeast infection is severe, a swab from around the top part of the penis or foreskin is done and sent to a lab for testing. If sores do not heal, a biopsy might be needed.


Most mild yeast infections will not require treatment. Antifungal creams or oral medications can help manage symptoms. These medications are available over-the-counter (OTC) or with a doctor’s prescription.

Men who have not been previously treated for yeast infection should see a doctor before treating themselves with OTC anti-fungal medications for the first time.


Good hygiene can help prevent yeast infections and even treat them. It’s a good idea to wash the penis regularly with plain warm water, avoiding shower gels and soaps, and drying well after.

Men should never use perfumed shower gels or soaps on their genitals. Wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear or boxers and keeping genitals dry and cool at all times can also prevent yeast growth.

A Word From Verywell

Male yeast infections are uncommon. But they do affect men and may have uncomfortable and painful symptoms. Understanding what causes these infections and their symptoms can help with prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.  

Prolonged and severe symptoms should be brought to the attention of a doctor. If both partners have symptoms of a yeast infection, it’s important for both to be treated so they can avoid re-infecting each other.

Thrush in men symptoms & treatments – Illnesses & conditions

Thrush is a yeast infection caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. Both men and women can get thrush, though it is more often associated with women.

The medical term for thrush is candidiasis.

What it looks like

In men, it usually affects the head of the penis – causing irritation, discharge and redness. 

Read more about the symptoms of thrush

It can also affect the skin, known as candidal skin infection, and the inside of the mouth, known as oral thrush.

Should I see a doctor?

If you suspect thrush for the first time, it’s best to see a doctor for a diagnosis. This is because the symptoms can be similar to those of a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Your GP will be able to tell the difference.

If you’ve had thrush before and you recognise the symptoms, you can treat it yourself with over-the-counter medication.

You should also visit your GP if you have a weakened immune system and you have thrush. This is because there is a risk that a thrush infection could progress to a more serious case of invasive candidiasis. Read our page on the complications of thrush for more information about invasive candidiasis.

Treating and preventing thrush

You can treat thrush without prescription medications. For thrush affecting your penis, ask your chemist for clotrimazole cream or a tablet called fluconazole. For thrush infections in your groin or elsewhere, the chemist can supply a cream.

It’s possible for thrush to spread during sex, but it’s not an STI. However, both sexual partners may need thrush treatment to prevent re-infection. Re-infection from a female partner is common. Seek advice from a pharmacist or your GP.

However, not all cases are caused by sex, and many cases develop in men and women who are not sexually active.

Read more about treating thrush

You can help prevent thrush by cleaning your penis regularly and using a condom while having sex with your partner (if they have thrush).

Avoid using perfumed soaps or shower gels on your genitals, as they can cause irritation. Make sure you dry your penis properly after washing.

Wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear can help prevent moisture building up under your foreskin, which lowers the chances of the candida fungus multiplying. 

What causes thrush?

The fungus candida albicans occurs naturally in your body, particularly in warm, moist areas, such as inside the mouth and around the genitals.

It does not usually cause problems because it is kept under control by your immune system (the body’s natural defence against illness and infection) and other types of bacteria in the body.

However, certain conditions can cause the fungus to multiply and lead to infection. You are more likely to be at risk of thrush if:

  • you have a weakened immune system
  • are obese, with large rolls of skin (an environment where fungi can often thrive)
  • have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes – as the high levels of glucose associated with diabetes can encourage the fungus to breed; people with diabetes also tend to sweat more, creating a perfect breeding environment for the fungus

Read more about what causes thrush in men

90,000 Treatment of thrush in women and men

Thrush is most common in females, but men may well detect its symptoms. The causative agent of the disease is a fungus of the genus Candida, and it is a resident of normal human microflora. The reasons for his aggressive behavior and methods of dealing with this condition will be discussed below.

What is thrush

Thrush is a condition that was triggered by the flowering of fungi of the genus Candida, which is why the natural microflora was disturbed.Candidiasis causes discomfort in the external genital area.

The danger of candidiasis

Thrush is not a dangerous condition, since it does not belong to any separate disease and cannot affect the condition of the cervix and vaginal walls in women. The occurrence of such a condition as candidiasis indicates a malfunction of the body. Therefore, recurrent thrush requires an examination to find out the cause of its occurrence. If you get rid of the cause, then you can forget about the further appearance of candidiasis.


The reasons why thrush can occur in women:

  1. pregnancy;
  2. violation of microflora;
  3. weakening of the immune system;
  4. endocrine diseases;
  5. 90,019 use of contraceptive drugs;

  6. non-compliance with hygiene standards.

Causes of thrush in men:

  1. non-compliance with hygiene standards;
  2. result of unprotected intercourse, transmission of candida pathogen from a partner with thrush;
  3. abrupt change in climatic conditions;
  4. the use of aggressive detergents;
  5. weakening of the immune system;
  6. long-term use of the antibiotic.


With thrush in women, the following symptoms are most often observed:

  1. Painful sensations arising from intercourse.
  2. Swelling and redness of the mucous membranes.
  3. Pain with cramps when urinating.
  4. Pain with the discharge of curdled contents from the genital tract, odorless.
  5. There is an itching and burning sensation in the vagina, which can periodically or regularly intensify during sleep, after intercourse, after bathing and during menstruation.

In men, there is a burning sensation and pain during emptying of the bladder, constant or periodic itching, white bloom on the head of the penis.


To determine the presence of candidiasis, you will need to take a scraping and send it for further research to a laboratory to identify pathogenic microflora.

The main purpose of laboratory diagnostics is to establish the presence of Candida fungus. If the diagnosis is carried out in women, then the diagnosis of thrush is established only with a large indicator of yeast-like fungi, as well as additional symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis.

Candidiasis in men is established with a small number of fungi, which indicates the presence of infection. Severe symptoms will allow the urologist to conduct a more detailed examination.

Which doctor should I contact

If symptoms appear that indicate candidiasis, a woman should consult a gynecologist, and a man should consult a urologist.


All medical procedures related to candidiasis should be carried out only under the supervision of the attending physician.When trying to self-treatment, thrush may turn into an acute form, into a chronic one, and there is also a possibility of an exacerbation of the condition, which will lead to further difficult treatment.

Treatment of thrush includes:

  1. Antibiotic therapy, personal hygiene, support and protection of the immune system.
  2. Compliance with a diet in which it will be necessary to limit the intake of carbohydrates.
  3. Complete rejection of bad habits.
  4. The use of prescribed medicines to combat thrush.


In the treatment of thrush, which proceeds in a mild stage, it will be sufficient to use local remedies as vaginal ointments, suppositories and tablets. The most popular drugs include:

  • Natamycin;
  • Nystatin;
  • Miconazole;
  • Clotrimazole;
  • Isoconazole;
  • Ketoconazole.

Doctors most often prescribe drugs with clotrimazole, and the use of vaginal tablets is avoided, since they can suppress the normal microflora of the vagina.

Pills for candidiasis are prescribed by specialists in a more advanced case, as well as in the chronic course of thrush. Almost all drugs have fluconazole as the active ingredient; itraconazole can be used as an alternative.

In comparison with women, thrush in men proceeds more easily and, as a treatment, an experienced specialist will prescribe local treatment in the form of ointments, which will need to be applied to the affected areas.In more severe cases, oral medications such as Diflucan and Fluconazole may be prescribed.


For thrush in women, the diet plan should be based on the consumption of foods that have antibacterial and antifungal effects. These include:

  • garlic;
  • seafood;
  • parsley;
  • buckwheat;
  • white rice;
  • 90,019 broccoli;

  • natural yoghurts;
  • oatmeal;
  • cucumbers.

For men, when diagnosing candidiasis, the diet should be adhered to for up to 12 months, at least 4 months. At this time follows:

  1. Avoid the consumption of spicy foods and various sauces.
  2. Completely refuse alcohol for the entire period of treatment.
  3. There are only low-fat dishes, those that are steamed, boiled or stewed.


Prevention of thrush:

  1. It is important to wear underwear made exclusively from natural fabrics.It should be such that it does not rub anywhere;
  2. when playing sports, it is recommended to wash your sports uniform as often as possible;
  3. in order to maintain the hygiene of the genitals, they should be washed only with water, while using a special mild soap;
  4. hygiene products should be free from dyes and fragrances;
  5. For those with diabetes mellitus, blood sugar control must be constant;
  6. Eat a healthy diet and take active walks in the fresh air to support your immune system.

90,000 Vaginal yeast infection (vaginal candidiasis, thrush)

Publication date
3 October 2018

What is it?

Vaginal yeast infection (vaginal candidiasis, thrush) causes irritation and itching of the vagina and vulva (skin folds outside the vagina). Yeast is a type of fungus that usually lives in the vagina along with bacteria and other microorganisms. When something provokes an imbalance in such a vaginal flora, yeast begins to multiply and cause irritation.A yeast infection is not an STD and is easily curable.

What to expect?

At the beginning of the disease, there is a slight itching and some other manifestations, which intensify within 1 – 2 days. A yeast infection can go away on its own, but usually requires treatment with creams or pills that kill the yeast.

The symptoms of vaginal candidiasis are similar to those of some STDs, so if you have never had a yeast infection before, you should first see your doctor to rule out a more serious problem.


Millions of women around the world experience thrush every year.


  • Anti-yeast drugs (tablets, suppositories, creams).
  • Preparations that normalize the vaginal microflora.
  • Boric acid.

What can you do yourself?

Simple yeast infections can be treated on their own with home remedies such as yogurt, boric acid capsules, yeast creams, or over-the-counter suppositories.

You can prevent fungal infections by:

  • refusal to douch;
  • Refusal of scented tampons, pads, feminine hygiene sprays, bubble baths; 90,020
  • hot bath exceptions;
  • frequent change of tampons and pads;
  • wearing cotton underwear and tights with a cotton insert in the crotch area;
  • refusal to wear tight-fitting underwear and clothing made of synthetic materials;
  • operational change of wet sportswear or swimsuit;
  • wiping from front to back after a bowel movement to prevent bacteria from entering the vaginal area of ​​the rectum.

How is it aggravated?

The disease is aggravated by:

  • taking antibiotics;
  • cortisone;
  • sex contacts; 90 020 90 019 use of tampons;
  • poor nutrition;
  • weak immune system.

When to see a doctor?

If you develop an unpleasant odor, frequent yeast infections, consult a doctor.

What to ask a doctor?

  • How long should yeast infection be treated?
  • What can be done to reduce itching during treatment?
  • How long will symptoms last?
  • How can relapse be prevented?
  • Could the disease be more serious than thrush?

Making a diagnosis

When diagnosing a yeast infection, the doctor examines the history of the disease, performs a gynecological examination, and examines fluid samples from the vagina to determine the cause of the disease.

Risk factors

Taking antibiotics or diabetes increases the risk of developing yeast infections.

90,000 symptoms, types, diagnosis and treatment – ISIDA Clinic Kiev, Ukraine


Candidiasis is a disease that occurs when the candida fungus grows overgrowth. Several types of this pathogen are known, each of which can cause damage to various organs and systems. The disease occurs against the background of a weakened immune system. Often, it has no complications, but in the absence of proper treatment, it can turn into a chronic form with periodic exacerbations.

What is candidiasis

The disease caused by yeast is called candidiasis. Pathology can occur in both adults and children. Candida are opportunistic pathogens. They are normally present in humans in small amounts in the oral and nasal cavities, in the vagina in women, and in the digestive tract.

Risk factors for the development of pathology include:

  1. Congenital or acquired immune deficiency.
  2. Diseases of the endocrine system, metabolic diseases.
  3. Hormonal disorders.
  4. Chronic pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.
  5. Irrational, long-term therapy with hormonal and antibacterial drugs.
  6. Habitual intoxication (alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction).

Under the influence of these factors, yeast fungi actively multiply with the development of clinical symptoms of the disease.

Types of candidiasis

  1. Superficial: candidiasis of the mucous membranes, oral cavity, vaginal, skin appendages.In women and men, genital candidiasis is most often found, in children, oral.
  2. Deep: candidiasis of the digestive organs, urinary organs, respiratory system.
  3. Candidal sepsis: generalized damage to organs and systems.
  4. Candidiasis of wound surfaces.

Symptoms and signs in children and adults

Oral candidiasis is more often found in children and manifests itself with the following symptoms:

  • The appearance of a white coating on the tongue in the form of cheesy grains.
  • Newborns stop breastfeeding, sleep poorly. Older children complain of an unpleasant taste in the mouth, burning, pain while eating.
  • Saliva becomes more viscous.
  • Regional lymph nodes are enlarged.

Candidal cheilitis (seizures) also often occurs in young children. Characterized by manifestations in the form of cracks, maceration in the corners of the mouth, covered with a white bloom.

Women most often develop genital candidiasis, the characteristic manifestations of which are:

  • Itching, burning, painful sensation in the vulva, labia majora and labia minora.It intensifies during menstruation, after intercourse.
  • The mucous membrane of the external genital organs and vagina is hyperemic and edematous.
  • Discharge curdled, thick, abundant, white, odorless.

In men, genital candidiasis is manifested by hyperemia and swelling of the glans penis, foreskin. Itching, burning, pain during urination is also characteristic.

Methods for diagnosing a disease

To detect the causative agent of the disease, a bacteriological examination of material from the oral, nasal cavities, vagina, cervix is ​​carried out.

How and what to treat:

  • When candida is detected in the mouth, antimycotics are used in the form of solutions, gels, aerosols. Antiseptics are also used for lubrication, rinsing.
  • Urogenital candidiasis is treated with antifungal agents in the form of vaginal suppositories, balls, tablets. For men, ointments and creams are used.
  • Fungal skin lesions are treated with an open method, creams, ointments that are not absorbed into the bloodstream.

Also, any form of candidiasis in the throat, intestines, in children, in men or in women should be treated in a complex with the use of systemic antifungal drugs, restorative agents, probiotics.

Disease prevention

To prevent the development of fungal pathology, it is important to adhere to the following principles:

  1. Reasonable and correct use of antibacterial drugs.
  2. Compliance with the rules of oral hygiene.Timely rehabilitation of carious teeth.
  3. Timely preventive examinations by a gynecologist, urologist.
  4. Thorough care of baby nipples, toys, household items.

With timely detection and quality treatment, the disease proceeds without complications.


Candidiasis is a common disease that affects people of all ages. It has various forms, which differ significantly in the clinical picture.A timely visit to the doctor will help to determine the diagnosis and choose the right therapy.

Candidiasis in children – causes of occurrence, methods of prevention

This is the defeat of the child’s body by fungi from the genus Candida at the age from birth to 18 years. Infection can occur during childbirth, and later – in a household way. Candida live on the surface of the skin and mucous membranes and are activated in conditions of decreased immunity, both local and general, and infection may appear even after several months or years from the moment of infection.


Infection from a sick mother both during childbirth and in the first days of a child’s life (infant). Stressful situation when entering a kindergarten or school. The new team carries a new active microbial load that strongly strains the immune system. The rhythm of life also changes – sleep, daily routine and especially nutrition.

  • Reduced immunity.
  • Prematurity.
  • Frequent colds in the baby.
  • Teething periods.


Symptoms of candidal stomatitis (damage to the oral cavity):

  • Whitish plaque in the mouth.
  • Redness of the mucous membrane in the mouth.
  • Refusal to eat.
  • Child’s whims.

Candida vaginitis symptoms:

  • Vaginal discharge is white, curdled, smelling of yeast or acid.
  • Itching of the genitals.
  • Genital redness.

To make the correct diagnosis in the case of thrush in children, it is necessary to take a swab of the discharge from the affected area (vagina or mouth). The doctor puts the contents of the secretions on a glass slide, dries, stains in a special way and examines them under a microscope. The diagnosis is confirmed by the presence of fungal colonies in the field of view. You cannot treat candidiasis on your own – this can lead to a chronic infection.


In infants:

  • Sterilize bottle pacifiers and teats.
  • Monitor the health of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Do not bathe in a dirty bathroom.
  • Timely treat thrush during pregnancy.

For children of preschool and school age:

  • When taking antibiotics, take antifungal drugs for prevention.
  • Wear cotton underwear.
  • Monitor the health of the gastrointestinal tract.

More about pediatric gynecology at the YugMed clinic

90,000 Thrush – diagnosis and treatment of vaginal candidiasis at the Clinical Hospital on Yauza, Moscow

For the treatment of thrush, our specialists will select modern drugs that are right for you (oral tablets, cream, suppositories, vaginal tablets), as well as give recommendations to avoid relapses of the disease.In the Clinical Hospital on Yauza, gynecologists with many years of experience in the diagnosis and treatment of vaginal candidiasis are admitted.

Make an appointment

Vaginal candidiasis (thrush) has become so common and widespread in our time that women often diagnose themselves and then self-medicate. And in vain, because for a successful fight against the disease, it is important not only to eliminate its symptoms, but, above all, to determine the causes of vaginal candidiasis.

Vaginal candidiasis is a type of infection in which the genital mucosa is affected by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. The disease causes significant discomfort, affects well-being and adversely affects sexual activity.

Causes of thrush

Vaginal candidiasis can be triggered by many factors. The disease can be promoted by stressful situations (including surgery), decreased immunity, concomitant infectious diseases, intestinal candidiasis, pregnancy, violation of the vaginal and intestinal microflora, for example, due to taking antibiotics, unhealthy diet, constant use of tampons, wearing synthetic, tight-fitting underwear …

Many women are interested in whether thrush can be transmitted through sexual intercourse? Although this is not a genital infection, in some cases, candidiasis is sexually transmitted if a man suffers from a fungal disease of the genitourinary system (for example, candidal balanoposthitis). Yes, thrush in men is rare, but it also happens.

Diagnosis and treatment of thrush in the Clinical Hospital on Yauza


Diagnosis of vaginal candidiasis begins with interviewing the patient.Some gynecological (bacterial vaginosis, inflammatory processes in the female reproductive system) and concomitant diseases (diabetes mellitus, candidiasis and intestinal dysbiosis, etc.) are important. Often the development of thrush after prolonged use of antibiotics, hormones, immunosuppressants.
On examination, a characteristic clinical picture is revealed – a white plaque on the inflamed mucous membrane of the genital organs, abundant, cheesy discharge.
Vaginal smear examination reveals fungal flora.If necessary, sowing is carried out to determine the type of fungus and its sensitivity to antimycotic drugs (culture analysis). Among additional studies, examination for genital infections, diabetes mellitus and diagnostics of intestinal microflora may be recommended.

Make an appointment with a gynecologist


How to cure thrush?

General and local antimycotic therapy
Gynecologists at the Yauza Clinical Hospital provide effective treatment for thrush in women.Today there are many medicines to fight candidiasis: oral agents, cream, vaginal tablets, suppositories for thrush. Among the most popular drugs for vaginal candidiasis are flucostat, fluconazole (oral tablets), clotrimazole (vaginal tablets or cream), pimafucin (suppositories), and many other drugs. The doctor should choose the optimal treatment regimen for you.

Reducing the role of predisposing factors
To avoid relapses, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the factors contributing to the disease.If possible, stop taking glucocorticosteroids and cytostatics. With diabetes mellitus, adjust the blood glucose level with medication. Restore normal intestinal microflora. In addition, antibiotics should be used with caution. Exacerbation / occurrence of thrush after or during a course of antibiotic therapy is common. Therefore, taking antibiotics must be combined with taking antifungal agents and probiotics. It is necessary to observe personal hygiene, maintain immunity, and avoid stressful situations.

Sex life with thrush
Many are interested in whether it is possible to have sex with thrush and its treatment? You can protect yourself with a condom. Often, in order to achieve good results, it is recommended to treat vaginal candidiasis with your sexual partner.

Thrush during pregnancy

The development of vaginal candidiasis during pregnancy is dangerous for the expectant mother and for the fetus. The threat of the development of inflammatory processes during pregnancy, postpartum complications, infection of the fetus, which can lead to fungal infection of its organs and even death, increases.Possible infection of the baby during childbirth.
Treatment of thrush in pregnant women is complicated by the prohibition on taking antimycotic drugs inside. Local treatment with vaginal tablets and suppositories is acceptable (Pimafucin is considered the safest among them during pregnancy).
The more important is the observance of the rules of personal hygiene, as well as protection from stress, proper nutrition with a sufficient amount of vitamins, walks, healthy sleep, which help to strengthen the natural immune defenses.
When signs of thrush appear in a pregnant woman, you should immediately contact an obstetrician-gynecologist in order to carry out timely adequate treatment and avoid complications.

For the diagnosis and successful treatment of vaginal candidiasis, come to the Clinical Hospital on Yauza.
You can look at the prices for services in the price list or check the phone number indicated on the website.

The article was checked by an obstetrician-gynecologist, Ph.D. Sazonova Yu.M. , is of a general informational nature, does not replace the advice of a specialist.
For recommendations on diagnosis and treatment, a doctor’s consultation is required.

Make an appointment 90,000 Treatment of genital infections

Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases that are most often transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse. Today, instead of the term “sexually transmitted diseases”, they usually use the broader concept of this group of ailments – infections or sexually transmitted diseases (STIs, STDs).

Ways of spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

In terms of the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, in modern society occupy the second place, second only to colds. Almost any person can be infected with sexually transmitted diseases, and gender, nationality, age do not play any role, as well as the social status of the patient.

The mucous membranes of the urethra, genitals, anus are an ideal habitat for pathogens of genital infections: viruses, fungi, bacteria, which also have high adaptability and the ability to reproduce rapidly.With the lymph flow and blood flow, pathogens enter other tissues and organs, affecting not only the genitourinary system.

Sexually transmitted diseases: classification and nature of the course

Modern venereology knows more than 20 sexually transmitted infections, the causative agents of which are: protozoa, viruses, bacteria, arthropods and yeasts.

All sexually transmitted diseases are classified into:

Classic venereal diseases – gonorrhea, syphilis, lymphogranuloma venereum.
These STIs are examples of the most dangerous classic sexually transmitted diseases. They are very difficult to treat and can have dire consequences for the body. Despite the fact that the cultural development of society has stepped far forward, it is sexually transmitted diseases that are most often epidemic in nature.

Sexually transmitted diseases affecting the genitourinary system – trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, gardnerellosis, genital herpes, candidiasis and a number of other diseases affecting the genitourinary system.
This whole group is united by the latent nature of the course of the disease. In addition, diseases from this group tend to coexist in the body of one patient of several types of pathogens. This specificity is fraught with the development of a neglected intractable stage, despite the seeming ease of each individual disease. That is why sexually transmitted diseases of the second group are no less dangerous to health than classic sexually transmitted infections.

Sexually transmitted diseases affecting other human organs – hepatitis of various groups, AIDS and cytomegalovirus infection.
Despite the fact that these infections predominantly have a sexual route of spread, they mainly affect other systems of the body and its individual organs. So AIDS destroys the immune system, and hepatitis affects the liver. When these most dangerous diseases are found in patients, they in most cases fall into despair. But this should not be done in any case. Modern venereology has achieved great success and continues to develop, and today there are very, very many examples of a long, full-fledged life of people, even with such serious ailments.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): symptoms and complications

The specificity of the course of most genital infections is such that they do not have pronounced symptoms and are exacerbated only during the period of decreased immunity.

Experts recommend that you must be examined by a venereologist for STIs: if you have had unprotected casual sex, regardless of its nature – oral, anal, vaginal; if one of the sexual partners is diagnosed with urogenital infections, then the second certainly needs to be examined.

The following symptoms are the reason for an immediate visit to a venereologist:

– a feeling of cramps, burning, pain, itching in the urethra;

– the appearance of pathological discharge from the genitourinary tract;

– a rash in the genital area and on the trunk;

– enlargement of the lymph nodes.

Remember that most sexually transmitted diseases are curable if you consult a specialist in a timely manner.Attempts to self-medicate or untimely access to a doctor are fraught with the development of a neglected form of sexually transmitted diseases, and sometimes can lead to general damage to the whole organism.

Both men and women often have complications after previous sexually transmitted diseases, which often lead to serious consequences:

– infertility;

– the development of chronic inflammation of the genitourinary system;

– sexual dysfunction;

– the occurrence of malignant neoplasms.

In addition, since urogenital infections often manifest themselves in inflammation of the mucous membranes, the likelihood of HIV transmission from one sexual partner to another increases significantly.

Modern venereology: methods of diagnosis and treatment of STIs

Modern venereology uses advanced methods of diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). So in laboratory diagnostics, highly effective and specific methods are used: microscopic and bacteriological examinations, DNA and PIF diagnostics.Diagnostic procedures are widely used: ultrasound, colposcopy, cystoscopy, urethroscopy.

Venereologists are not alone in their fight against STIs – they are actively helped by geneticists, virologists, bacteriologists, microbiologists, biochemists, who generously share their latest developments and the latest methods of treating infections. It can be said without false modesty that today venereology has achieved tremendous results in the treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

Physicians very often use complex treatment of venereal diseases, combining physiotherapeutic, enzyme immunoassay and antibacterial methods of exposure.

Timely access to a doctor and competently prescribed treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) will help to avoid complications and relapses of the disease, significantly reduce the cure time.

Gynecology, dermatology and urology are related fields of medicine with venereology, and in turn are also involved in the diagnosis and treatment of STIs.

Psychological aspect in venereology

Sexually transmitted diseases are a serious social and psychological problem.In the minds of an ordinary member of society, they are presented as something shameful. But you cannot condemn a person for being sick. There are no “shameful” diseases. Much more dangerous are prejudices that force people to resort to self-medication and thereby condemn themselves to prolonged torment and harmful consequences for the whole organism. Therefore, if you or your loved ones have any suspicions of having an STI, you should immediately consult a doctor. Only he will prescribe the correct treatment that will help return the patient to a full life.

Back to list

90,000 Thrush (candidiasis) in women: symptoms and treatment

Probably, there is no woman in the world who has never faced such an unpleasant disease as thrush.

Thrush (candidiasis) is a disease caused by Candida genus , which is present in many human organs. Thrush is caused by creating a favorable environment for these fungi.

Causes of thrush.

Thrush is caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida. Such a fungus is found in the body of every woman and in most cases it is harmless. However, when exposed to certain factors, this fungus becomes aggressive, in such cases, thrush develops.