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Anal Yeast Infection: Symptoms and Treatment

An anal yeast infection develops when fungus, Candida, grows out of control around the anus. Yeast infections are usually mild in healthy people and easily treated with over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medications.

Your healthcare provider can determine if a yeast infection is the cause of your symptoms and help you find the best treatment. Keep reading to find out more about the cause, symptoms, and treatment of yeast infections and tips to prevent them from coming back.

The Good Brigade / Getty Images

What Is an Anal Yeast Infection?

Yeast infections can happen in any part of the body, but most often occurs around the:

  • Mouth
  • Vagina
  • Penis
  • Folds of skin

An anal yeast infection affects the anus and the area around it (perianal).

Candida—the fungus that causes yeast infections—is a normal part of the flora of most people’s skin, mouth, digestive system, stool, and vagina. Flora refers to the microorganisms—bacteria, fungi, archaea, and viruses—that live in and on the human body.

The flora can protect your health, help with digestion, and provide other benefits. But in some cases, one type can grow out of control leading to an infection.

Yeast can overgrow from:

  • Antibiotic use, leading to an imbalance in flora
  • Diabetes or high blood sugar
  • Weakened immune system
  • Poor hygiene (yeast grows best in warm, dark, and moist environments)
  • Hormonal changes, like during pregnancy and while taking oral birth control


One of the first symptoms most people notice is itching in the perianal area. Pruritus ani is a common condition defined as the chronic itchy sensation of the skin around the anus. It’s estimated that fungal infections are responsible for about 15% of pruritus ani.

Anal yeast infections can easily spread to the penis or vagina, and the infection can also spread to the anus from those other areas.

The symptoms of an anal yeast infection will be focused around the perianal area unless the infection spreads to other parts of the body. Your symptoms may include:

  • Itchiness and soreness
  • Burning sensation
  • Red, irritated, inflamed skin
  • Discharge or bleeding


While there are over-the-counter treatment options available for yeast infections, you should see a healthcare provider if:

  • This is your first time experiencing a yeast infection
  • You experience frequent or recurring infections
  • Your symptoms last longer than one week

To diagnose an infection your healthcare provider will likely:

  • Gather a history of your symptoms
  • Complete a physical exam of the perianal area
  • Take a sample to test for Candida growth


The treatment of yeast infections depends on how serious the infection is. For most healthy people without a weakened immune system, yeast infections are not severe and are easily treated.

Whichever treatment you choose, finish the whole treatment course to make sure the infection fully clears.

Over-the-Counter Treatments

There are many effective treatment options for yeast infections that you can purchase over the counter.

Can Vaginal Yeast Infection Medication Treat an Anal Yeast Infection?

While most yeast infection medications are marketed toward treating vaginal yeast infections, they can be used to treat other parts of the body.

They are available as antifungal ointments, creams, or suppositories. Common medications used to treat yeast infections include:

  • Miconazole (Monistat)
  • Terconazole (Terazol)
  • Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
  • Butoconazole (Gynazole)

Prescription Treatments

Your healthcare provider may recommend either localized treatment, like the creams and ointments available over the counter, or oral antifungal medications.

Most mild to moderate yeast infections can be treated with a one-time dose of fluconazole (Diflucan).

For severe infections or ones that keep coming back, you will likely need a longer treatment course. Your healthcare provider may recommend:

  • Ointments, creams, and suppositories used daily for up to two weeks, then once weekly for a few months
  • Multiple doses of an oral antifungal medication, like Diflucan

Alternative Treatments

Natural and alternative treatments for managing infections can be popular, but not all have been proven effective in treating yeast infections.

There is some research to support improved symptoms of yeast infections with alternative treatments:

  • Tea tree oil: One study showed that tea tree oil could help to enhance the treatment of yeast infections. This study combined the oil with fluconazole medication to help treat recurring infections.
  • Ozonated olive oil: One study found that ozonated olive oil could be an effective topical treatment for yeast infections.
  • Garlic and thyme: This study compared a cream containing garlic and thyme to a clotrimazole cream. They found that both creams were equally effective in treating yeast infections.

Before starting any alternative treatments, talk with your healthcare provider. Some alternative medicines have unknown effects, are ineffective, or could interact with other medications.


You can reduce your risk for yeast infections around the anus, or anywhere else, by:

  • Limiting moisture
  • Wear cotton underwear
  • Wear loose-fitting, breathable clothing
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Wash thoroughly and change into dry clothing after workouts or swimming
  • Avoid using scented products to clean at-risk areas
  • Use physical protection (condoms or dental dams) during sexual intercourse
  • Take a daily probiotic supplement or eat foods with probiotics to promote a healthy flora
  • Avoid eating foods high in carbohydrates and control blood sugar levels

A Word From Verywell

Anal yeast infections are usually easily treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications. Your healthcare provider can assess if a yeast infection is the cause of your symptoms and guide you to the best treatment options.

If you have multiple infections, talk with your healthcare provider to see if there is anything else affecting your health, such as diabetes. When treating a yeast infection, finish all of your medication even if your symptoms are gone to make sure the infection has fully cleared. 

Anal Itching – Causes/Treatment/Facts – HCA

Anal Itching

What causes anal itching

The most common cause of occasional anal itching (pruritus ani) is a fungus/yeast infection. Enlarged hemorrhoids cause the leakage of moisture, stool, and fungus. Repeated wiping, cleaning, scratching, and the use of harsh cleaners make the itching worse. It is frequently worse at night.

There are many other possible causes of rectal itching. It may be due to poor hygiene, leakage of stool and mucous, diarrhea, over cleaning, prolapsed hemorrhoids, inflamed internal hemorrhoids, skin tags, anal fissure, anal fistula, age related dry skin, Crohn’s disease, rectal warts, pinworms, rectal fistula, psoriasis, eczema, seborrhea, lichen planus, scabies, STDs, anal cancer, viral warts (HPV), sweating, erythrasma, contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis, amebiasis, or proctitis. Diabetes mellitus increases infections and itching and liver failure can cause itching. Anxiety or stress may cause itching.

Self-Help Measures

If the infection is mild you may be able to stop the itching with improved hygiene. Gently clean with soap and water. Dry with soft paper. Decrease the yeast in your diet by decreasing refined carbohydrates. Increase your fiber to have a more formed stool and less leakage.

The use of certain topical medications, scented products, or home remedies can lead to dermatitis and itching. Witch hazel or alcohol-based cleansing pads, harsh soap, formaldehyde-impregnated tissue, or harsh rubbing can all irritate the area. Antibiotics, colchicines, quinidine, mineral oil, and caffeine may increase leakage and irritation. Keep the area clean with warm water and dry the area gently. Scratching the area can break the skin and aggravate the infection. Avoid tight clothes and wear cotton underwear. Do not use fabric softener or harsh soaps. Try a different detergent on your clothing. Avoid foods or beverages that make the itching worse. Spicy foods may aggravate the itching. Control diarrhea with a high fiber diet. Oral antibiotics for other conditions can lead to a yeast infection.

A gentle tap-water enema may be needed to complete defecation. Some older individuals loose the muscle strength of the rectum and suffer from incontinence. This may also occur after trauma such as spinal injuries. Rectal intercourse should be avoided. STDs should be treated.

Self-help measures include stopping topical hemorrhoid creams, keeping the anus clean with mild unscented soap and water, blow drying the area after showering, apply Balneol lotion after bowel movements, use cotton balls to absorb moisture, avoiding diarrhea, use of a hand held Bidet, and Desitin or A & D ointment. Do not use products that contain cornstarch. You may try limiting alcohol, coffee, tea, carbonated beverages, tomatoes, chocolate, milk products, vitamin C or citrus juices. Recent changes in your diet may have to be adjusted. A yeast elimination diet may help. Try avoiding hot spices and peppers. Stress management is also important.

Topical hydrocortisone creams are occasionally helpful on a short term basis. Bacterial infections may require topical antibiotics. Super absorbent powder, Zeasorb, may be used for excessive sweating. Five percent Xylocaine ointment and antihistamines such as Benadryl may help stop the itching. These measures may only help the symptoms but not address the underlying problem.

Dry paper or excess washing may tear the skin and make it worse. Balneol pads or lotion may be used to help clean after bowel movements. It may take several days for the itching to improve. Using local hemorrhoid creams to numb the area may make the problem worse because they help keep the area moist or may cause a local skin inflammation from contact dermatitis.

Hydrocortisone is felt to be safe for anal itching by the FDA for OTC use. We do not recommend the use of steroids by themselves as it will only provide minimal temporary improvement and can make the underlying skin infection worse.

Over the counter anti-fungal creams are not approved by the FDA for rectal usage. They are only approved for athlete’s foot, ring worm, certain vaginal infections, or jock itch. The FDA and many physicians feel a proper diagnosis and treatment requires the examination by a qualified physician. It is important to be sure of the diagnosis and avoid missing other conditions that may cause itching and a rash.

If the anal itching is not better after one week, it is time to see a specialist. It is best to be safe and not worry as occasionally there is something more serious going on. Rapid improvement can be obtained to rectal itching with the proper prescription of antifungal creams and the rubber band ligation of internal hemorrhoids.

HCA Treatment for Anal Itching

In our office we band enlarged hemorrhoids and commonly use prescription anti-fungal creams for peri-anal skin infections. Hemorrhoid treatment is no longer to be feared or something to be embarrassed about. Get the help you need and deserve now.

The fungus or bacterial infection occurs because enlarged hemorrhoids open the rectum which leads to leakage of fluid. The area becomes difficult to keep dry and clean. Excess cleaning leads to traumatizing the skin. Our office banding treatment shrinks the hemorrhoids which allows for less leakage and better hygiene. The shrinking of the internal hemorrhoids allows for the rectum to close more efficiently. We will use topical Clotrimazole and 2% hydrocortisone, a prescription anti-fungal cream to help treat the itching, rash, and infection until the hemorrhoid banding can be completed. Mupirocin may be used if a bacterial infection is suspected. Our doctors can help you with custom compound medications. Occasionally, a skin culture is needed. The banding shrinks the hemorrhoids, which leads to less leakage and a cleaner dryer bottom.

Skin tags may trap stool particles and make proper hygiene difficult. They can be removed under local anesthesia. Banding cannot be done on external hemorrhoids or tags because of the large number of painful nerves on the skin of the rectum.

Buttock folliculitis is a common skin condition that looks like multiple red pimples on the butt cheeks. It is made worse by sitting, hot damp weather, tight underwear, or exposure to bacteria such as found in a poorly maintained hot tub. Minor itching and redness will usually respond to over the counter anti-bacterial washes such as Benzoyl Peroxide or Chlorhexidine. More serious infections will require prescription antibiotics such as Doxycycline or topical Clindamycin.

Rectal itching is a symptom, and it is important to find and treat the underlying condition.

Skin Irritation

Since the skin around the anus is exceptionally sensitive, it is very easy to irritate this area. Often dyes and scents in soap and toilet paper are the primary culprits of anal itching. A common problem with this type of irritation is that overuse in an effort to clean the anal area lead to increased friction and subsequent discomfort.

Digestive Problems

Recurring diarrhea and constipation can aggravate the skin around the anus, as both produce increased strain on the pelvic area, and in some cases, the use of additional toilet paper and soap for hygiene. Fecal leakage will contribute to anal itching.

Should your symptoms persist, anal itching is most likely indicative of a greater problem such as a hemorrhoid or anal fissure. Call to schedule an appointment with The Hemorrhoid Centers of America – find closest location.

Anal itching – Diagnosis and treatment


Your doctor may be able to diagnose the cause of your itching simply by asking you questions about your symptoms, medical history and personal care habits. If pinworms are suspected, your doctor may suggest doing a test for pinworms. You may also need a physical exam, including a digital rectal exam.

If the cause of your itching isn’t obvious or it doesn’t respond to initial treatment, your doctor may refer you to a skin specialist (dermatologist). It’s possible the cause of the itching may never be identified.


Treatment of anal itching depends on the cause of the problem. It may include taking self-care measures such as nonprescription anti-itch cream or treating an infection or hemorrhoids.

If your symptoms are worse at night, an oral antihistamine might help until an anti-itch cream takes effect.

With proper care most people experience relief from anal itching. See your doctor if the itching persists.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Prevention of anal itching mainly involves a careful washing routine that keeps the area clean, cool and dry, while avoiding further irritating the skin.

If you already have anal itching, try these self-care measures:

  • Cleanse gently. Clean the area around the anus with plain water or mild soap and a soft (nonterry) washcloth once daily. Avoid scrubbing. Pat dry or use a hair dryer set on low.

    If you have fecal incontinence or diarrhea, clean the area around the anus with moist cotton balls or a squirt bottle of plain water. It may also help to apply a moistened or dry cotton ball to the outside of the anus.

  • Don’t scratch. Scratching further irritates your skin. You may find some relief by applying a moist, room-temperature compress to the area or taking a lukewarm oatmeal bath. Trim your nails short and wear cotton gloves while you’re sleeping to help prevent scratching.
  • Wear white cotton underwear that don’t bind. This helps keep the area dry. Avoid wearing pantyhose and other tightfitting garments because these can trap moisture
  • Avoid irritants. Avoid bubble baths, genital deodorants, harsh or perfumed soaps, and moist wipes. Use white, unscented toilet paper.
  • Change your diet. Cut back on or avoid coffee, cola, alcohol, citrus fruits, chocolate, spicy foods, tomatoes and foods that may cause diarrhea. Avoid overuse of laxatives.
  • Apply ointments or gels. Protect the affected skin from moisture by applying a thin layer of a zinc oxide ointment (Desitin, Balmex) or petroleum jelly (Vaseline). If needed, apply hydrocortisone 1 percent cream two to three times a day for a brief period to relieve symptoms.
  • Maintain regular, firm bowel movements. If soft stools or frequent bowel movements are a problem, gradually adding fiber to your diet may help. Fiber supplements such as psyllium (Metamucil) and methylcellulose (Citrucel) also may help.

Preparing for your appointment

Often you won’t need to see a doctor about anal itching. If the itching persists even after taking self-care measures, mention it to your primary care doctor. He or she may refer you to a skin specialist (dermatologist) or a doctor who specializes in treating rectal and anal problems (proctologist).

Here’s some information to help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do

Before your appointment make a list of:

  • Symptoms you’ve been having, including any that may seem unrelated to anal itching
  • How long you’ve been experiencing your symptoms
  • All medications, vitamins and supplements you take, including the doses
  • Questions to ask your doctor

For anal itching, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What’s the most likely cause of my symptoms?
  • What tests do I need?
  • Is this problem temporary?
  • What treatments are available? Which do you recommend?
  • Do you think I need to see a specialist?
  • Do you have any brochures or other printed material that I can take with me? What websites do you recommend?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:

  • Have your symptoms been continuous, or do they come and go?
  • How severe are your symptoms?
  • Have you had recent changes in your bowel movements, such as diarrhea?
  • What type of soap or other products do you use on your body?
  • Does anything seem to improve your symptoms?
  • What, if anything, worsens your symptoms?
  • Have you noticed any other changes in your general health?
  • Are others in the home experiencing a similar itch?

What you can do in the meantime

Cleanse the anal area gently immediately after bowel movements and dry thoroughly. Wear cotton underwear and loose clothing. Try not to scratch.

Sept. 15, 2020

Rectal Problems | Michigan Medicine

Do you have a rectal problem?

This includes symptoms like rectal pain, itching, or bleeding. It could also include a change in your stool other than diarrhea or constipation.

How old are you?

Less than 12 years

Less than 12 years

12 years or older

12 years or older

Are you male or female?

Why do we ask this question?

  • If you are transgender or nonbinary, choose the sex that matches the body parts (such as ovaries, testes, prostate, breasts, penis, or vagina) you now have in the area where you are having symptoms.
  • If your symptoms aren’t related to those organs, you can choose the gender you identify with.
  • If you have some organs of both sexes, you may need to go through this triage tool twice (once as “male” and once as “female”). This will make sure that the tool asks the right questions for you.

Do you have moderate or severe belly pain?

This is not the cramping type of pain you have with diarrhea.

Have you had:

At least 1 stool that is mostly black or bloody?

At least 1 stool mostly black or bloody

At least 1 stool that is partly black or bloody?

At least 1 stool partly black or bloody

Streaks of blood in your stool?

Streaks of blood in stool

Are you bleeding from your rectum?

How much blood has there been?

More than 2 tablespoons (30 mL)

More than 2 tablespoons (30 mL)

More than a few streaks but no more than 2 tablespoons (30 mL)

More than a few streaks but no more than 2 tablespoons (30 mL)

Streaks of blood on the toilet paper

Streaks of blood on the toilet paper

Has there been a recent injury to the rectum or vagina?

Physical or sexual abuse and other injuries to these areas can cause problems like rectal pain and bleeding, urination problems, constipation, and vaginal bleeding.


Recent injury to rectum or vagina


Recent injury to rectum or vagina

Do you think the rectal problem may be causing a fever?

Infections and other rectal problems can sometimes cause pain and a fever.

Do you have pain in the rectal area?

How long have you had the pain?

Less than 1 day (24 hours)

Rectal pain for less than 1 day

One day to 1 week

Rectal pain for 1 day to 1 week

More than 1 week

Rectal pain for more than 1 week

Is there any swelling, a lump, a sore, or a new growth in the rectal area?


Swelling, lump, or sore in rectal area


Swelling, lump, or sore in rectal area

Has it been there for longer than 1 week?


Swelling, lump, or sore in rectal area for more than 1 week


Swelling, lump, or sore in rectal area for more than 1 week

Is there an object in the rectum?

Have you had any stool leaking from your rectum for more than 2 days?


Leakage of stool for more than 2 days


Leakage of stool for more than 2 days

Have you tried any home treatment for the itching for more than 1 week?


Tried home treatment for more than 1 week for rectal itching


Tried home treatment for more than 1 week for rectal itching

Have you had other signs of illness, such as weight loss, fatigue, or a rash, for more than 1 week?


Other signs of illness present for more than 1 week


Other signs of illness present for more than 1 week

Have your symptoms lasted longer than 2 weeks?


Symptoms for more than 2 weeks


Symptoms for more than 2 weeks

Many things can affect how your body responds to a symptom and what kind of care you may need. These include:

  • Your age. Babies and older adults tend to get sicker quicker.
  • Your overall health. If you have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, you may need to pay closer attention to certain symptoms and seek care sooner.
  • Medicines you take. Certain medicines, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants), medicines that suppress the immune system like steroids or chemotherapy, herbal remedies, or supplements can cause symptoms or make them worse.
  • Recent health events, such as surgery or injury. These kinds of events can cause symptoms afterwards or make them more serious.
  • Your health habits and lifestyle, such as eating and exercise habits, smoking, alcohol or drug use, sexual history, and travel.

Try Home Treatment

You have answered all the questions. Based on your answers, you may be able to take care of this problem at home.

  • Try home treatment to relieve the symptoms.
  • Call your doctor if symptoms get worse or you have any concerns (for example, if symptoms are not getting better as you would expect). You may need care sooner.

Blood in the stool can come from anywhere in the digestive tract, such as the stomach or intestines. Depending on where the blood is coming from and how fast it is moving, it may be bright red, reddish brown, or black like tar.

A little bit of bright red blood on the stool or on the toilet paper is often caused by mild irritation of the rectum. For example, this can happen if you have to strain hard to pass a stool or if you have a hemorrhoid.

A large amount of blood in the stool may mean a more serious problem is present. For example, if there is a lot of blood in the stool, not just on the surface, you may need to call your doctor right away. If there are just a few drops on the stool or in the diaper, you may need to let your doctor know today to discuss your symptoms. Black stools may mean you have blood in the digestive tract that may need treatment right away, or may go away on its own.

Certain medicines and foods can affect the color of stool. Diarrhea medicines (such as Pepto-Bismol) and iron tablets can make the stool black. Eating lots of beets may turn the stool red. Eating foods with black or dark blue food coloring can turn the stool black.

If you take aspirin or some other medicine (called a blood thinner) that prevents blood clots, it can cause some blood in your stools. If you take a blood thinner and have ongoing blood in your stools, call your doctor to discuss your symptoms.

Rectal itching is most often caused by dry or irritated skin in the rectal area. It can also be a sign of pinworms, especially in children.

Itching may be more serious if it occurs with a rash or if it does not improve with home treatment.

Home treatment for rectal itching includes things like:

  • Keeping the area clean and dry.
  • Washing the area with water several times a day and after bowel movements.
  • Sitting in a few inches of warm water in a bathtub.
  • Wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear.
  • Using a nonprescription hydrocortisone (1%) cream on the area.

Pain in adults and older children

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that you can’t stand it for more than a few hours, can’t sleep, and can’t do anything else except focus on the pain.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The pain is bad enough to disrupt your normal activities and your sleep, but you can tolerate it for hours or days. Moderate can also mean pain that comes and goes even if it’s severe when it’s there.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): You notice the pain, but it is not bad enough to disrupt your sleep or activities.

Pain in children under 3 years

It can be hard to tell how much pain a baby or toddler is in.

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that the baby cannot sleep, cannot get comfortable, and cries constantly no matter what you do. The baby may kick, make fists, or grimace.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The baby is very fussy, clings to you a lot, and may have trouble sleeping but responds when you try to comfort him or her.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): The baby is a little fussy and clings to you a little but responds when you try to comfort him or her.

Shock is a life-threatening condition that may quickly occur after a sudden illness or injury.

Adults and older children often have several symptoms of shock. These include:

  • Passing out (losing consciousness).
  • Feeling very dizzy or lightheaded, like you may pass out.
  • Feeling very weak or having trouble standing.
  • Not feeling alert or able to think clearly. You may be confused, restless, fearful, or unable to respond to questions.

Shock is a life-threatening condition that may occur quickly after a sudden illness or injury.

Babies and young children often have several symptoms of shock. These include:

  • Passing out (losing consciousness).
  • Being very sleepy or hard to wake up.
  • Not responding when being touched or talked to.
  • Breathing much faster than usual.
  • Acting confused. The child may not know where he or she is.

Seek Care Today

Based on your answers, you may need care soon. The problem probably will not get better without medical care.

  • Call your doctor today to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care today.
  • If it is evening, watch the symptoms and seek care in the morning.
  • If the symptoms get worse, seek care sooner.

Make an Appointment

Based on your answers, the problem may not improve without medical care.

  • Make an appointment to see your doctor in the next 1 to 2 weeks.
  • If appropriate, try home treatment while you are waiting for the appointment.
  • If symptoms get worse or you have any concerns, call your doctor. You may need care sooner.

Seek Care Now

Based on your answers, you may need care right away. The problem is likely to get worse without medical care.

  • Call your doctor now to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care in the next hour.
  • You do not need to call an ambulance unless:
    • You cannot travel safely either by driving yourself or by having someone else drive you.
    • You are in an area where heavy traffic or other problems may slow you down.

Call 911 Now

Based on your answers, you need emergency care.

Call 911 or other emergency services now.

Sometimes people don’t want to call 911. They may think that their symptoms aren’t serious or that they can just get someone else to drive them. Or they might be concerned about the cost. But based on your answers, the safest and quickest way for you to get the care you need is to call 911 for medical transport to the hospital.

Abdominal Pain, Age 11 and Younger

Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older

Perianal Disease | Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Causes and treatment of itching

Although sometimes socially embarrassing, itchy bottom (also known as pruritus ani) is very common and usually has a simple cause and remedy which can be self-managed. However, if the measures outlined below do not work your doctor should be consulted as antifungal or other creams may be indicated or other diagnoses considered.

Itchy bottom is usually related to too much moisture such as sweat, irritation through scratching or chemical soaps (which leads to further scratching) or infection (such as worms). In some women who have candida (thrush) in the vagina, the infection can extend to cause itching of the bottom.

Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus) can be a common cause of itch.

Washing the area with warm water, using moisturising creams and avoiding harsh soaps is helpful. If moisture is a problem, a tissue pad between the buttocks may help and if the skin is dry, certain moisturising creams could be tried. Carrying a pack of moisturised wipes to clean the anus to avoid scrubbing with dry tissue may be useful. Avoid rubbing too hard when using a towel and consider cautiously using a hair dryer on a low setting to dry yourself after washing. Itchy bottom can be socially embarrassing but usually these simple measures are effective.

Haemorrhoids can be treated with over the counter remedies or your doctor can advise if you need further treatment.

Causes and treatment of pain

Pain around the anus is often associated with the passage of stools either during or afterward. It is often related to being constipated or passing frequent liquid stools over a prolonged period. Conditions that can cause this pain are varied but some of the most common causes are:

  • Haemorrhoids (see above).
  • Proctalgia fugax is an intense, self-limited pain lasting a few seconds felt in the area between the anus and the genitals. It often comes on at night. The cause is unknown, but the condition is harmless and management is generally aimed at relieving symptoms. Avoid getting constipation by taking a high fibre diet and drinking plenty of water, around two litres a day is usually adequate. Your doctor may prescribe an anaesthetic cream, which can relax the muscles around the anus, but may also cause headaches.
  • Anal fissures are small tears in the lining of the anal canal that can be both painful (especially when passing hard stools) and may bleed, resulting in bright blood on the toilet paper after wiping. Fissures usually cause problems in people of 20-40 years of age. The pain may continue after opening the bowels as the anal muscles go into spasm. Again, a cream to help relax the anus muscles may help. Avoidance of constipation is crucial either through dietary changes including increased water intake, or medicines.
  • Abscesses are collections of pus around the bottom which result in extreme tenderness in the area. They can be red, hot and swollen and people with abscesses may feel unwell with fevers and chills. Sometimes an abscess will ‘burst’ and a smelly, sticky liquid may leak out which can bring some relief of the pain. If not, abscesses need to be drained as soon as possible to relieve the pressure caused by pus. If they continue to drain after the incision, this suggests that a fistula (a passage to the bowel) may have developed. All abscesses and persistent anal discharge should be seen by a doctor.

Causes and treatment of bright red bleeding

There are many causes of bleeding from the bottom, most of which are harmless. However, in some cases, bleeding can be due to tumours or inflammation in the bowel, and the earlier these are reported and acted upon, the better the long-term outcome of the disease. Therefore all bleeding from the bottom should be reported to a doctor.

  • Anal fissures (see above) can lead to bright blood on the toilet paper, usually associated with pain.
  • Haemorrhoids (see above) are the most common cause of bright red bleeding from the bottom (blood can also appear on the outside of the stool, on the toilet bowl and on toilet paper) and about half the population have haemorrhoids by the age of 50. They are also very common among pregnant women. Haemorrhoids are often related to excessive straining when passing stools and are caused by the veins that line the anal canal stretching under pressure and bleeding. Uncomplicated haemorrhoids usually cause no symptoms. Sometimes, they can protrude out of the anus (prolapse) and may be felt as a small lump, which can be tender to touch. If haemorrhoids are painful it is likely that a clot has formed in the vein but other causes of anal pain (see above) are possible and medical advice should be sought. Treatment is usually initially about increasing intake of water and fibre to soften the stool but if these methods are unhelpful, a referral to a specialist may be required.

Causes and treatment of lumps around the bottom

A doctor should examine all lumps of this kind as rarely they may prove to be tumours. However most lumps are harmless and require little or no treatment.

  • Skin tags: these are painless fleshy folds of skin found in the anal area. They are benign and in most cases require no treatment although sometimes they can reflect an underlying problem such as anal fissure or inflammatory bowel disease. In those situations, it is likely other symptoms would draw your attention to the underlying problem (bleeding, change in bowel habit, pain or frequency).
  • Warts: these are caused by a virus, which is usually passed on through sexual contact. These can be treated at home with a cream, called imiquimod, which promotes the body’s natural immune function to kill off the virus. In some cases they may need to be treated in a specialist clinic.
  • Anal cancer: this is rare and is 20-30 times less common than colorectal cancer. It may present with itch, pain, bleeding or a lump that doesn’t respond to the standard treatments. Diagnosis can be made by taking some tissue (biopsy) and examining it under a microscope. Treatment is likely to be with chemoradiotherapy.


> Watch Dr Laith Al Rubaiy explain the colonoscopy procedure

Anal Itching – Digestive Disorders

Pain in the rectum (sometimes) and/or abdomen (often)

Examination of the lower portion of the large intestine, the rectum, and the anus with an endoscope (sigmoidoscopy) or of the entire large intestine (colonoscopy)

With internal hemorrhoids, bleeding (a small amount of blood on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl)

With external hemorrhoids, a painful, swollen lump on the anus

Usually examination of the rectum with an endoscope (anoscopy) or sigmoidoscopy

Inflamed, red area, sometimes visible scratching

Sometimes examination of a sample of skin scrapings under a microscope (to identify the fungus)

Sometimes present in several family members

Microscopic examination of transparent tape that was applied to the anal area to check for pinworm eggs

Intense itching, usually worse at night

Possibly itching of other body areas

Possibly pink, thin, slightly raised lines or bumps (burrows) on the affected areas

Examination of skin scrapings

Cancer of the skin around the anus (perianal skin)

Examination of a tissue sample (biopsy)

An itchy, red, oozing, and crusty rash

Sometimes itchy or painful patches on the skin

Current or recent use of an antibiotic

Elimination of the drug to see whether symptoms are relieved

Foods and dietary supplements

Beer, caffeine, chocolate, hot peppers, milk products, nuts, tomato products, citrus fruits, spices, or vitamin C tablets

Symptoms that occur after a substance is ingested

Elimination of the substance from the diet to see whether symptoms are relieved

Excessive sweating described by the person, particularly with wearing of tight and/or synthetic clothing

Measures to limit sweating (such as wearing loose cotton underwear and changing underwear frequently) to see whether symptoms are relieved

Overly meticulous or aggressive cleansing of the anal area

Inappropriate cleansing practices described by the person

A change in cleansing practices to see whether symptoms are relieved

Anesthetic preparations, ointments, soaps, and sanitary wipes

Use of a possibly irritating substance described by the person

Avoidance of the substance to see whether symptoms are relieved

Not Found – Cancer Support Community VVSB


The Cancer Support Community Valley/Ventura/Santa Barbara provides professional programs of emotional support, education and hope for people affected by cancer at no charge so that no one faces cancer alone. We serve West San Fernando Valley and Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties. Our main office is in Westlake Village with a satellite in Winnetka and offsite programs in Sylmar, at Olive New UCLA Medical Center, and in Ventura, at Ventura County Medical Center. We are proud of our hospital partnerships with the Cancer Resource Center at Community Memorial Hospital in Ventura and at the Cancer Center at St John’s Regional Medical Center in Oxnard and St John’s Pleasant Valley in Camarillo.


Our programs provide a full-range of support and education for adults and children with cancer, their loved ones, and caregivers. Programs are provided in English and Spanish and include in orientation, groups for cancer survivors, family groups, groups for people beyond the day-to-day fight, cancer specific groups such as brain tumors, gynecological cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, Leukemia/lymphoma and melanoma. We also offer Kids and Teen Circle for children and teens affected by cancer, bereavement groups, and a buddy program.


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GENFERON: a comprehensive approach to the treatment of infections

Interferons are a group of biologically active proteins or glycoproteins synthesized by a cell in the process of a protective response to viral aggression, antigenic or mutagenic effects. Interferon preparations, primarily of genetically engineered origin, have become widespread both in our country and abroad. The use of interferon preparations is especially important for infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, in the pathogenesis of which viral-bacterial associations and secondary immunodeficiency play a significant role.Biotechnology is currently one of the most advanced technologies for producing interferon. It does not require the use of human blood in the production of drugs, and therefore, the need to carry out activities aimed at identifying infectious pathogens and disinfecting drugs. Biocad has developed the drug GENFERON (suppositories for vaginal or rectal administration in dosages of 250,000, 500,000 and 1,000,000 IU of interferon-alpha 2b), manufactured in accordance with GMP standards at a plant in Russia.The Biocad company has applied modern technologies to ensure a cold regime on the route of the drug from the manufacturer to the Ukrainian consumer.

Compared to other drugs, GENFERON has a number of advantages in complex therapy for infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system: genital herpes, genital warts, bacterial vaginosis, recurrent vaginal candidiasis, as well as prostatitis, urethritis, vulvovaginitis, bartholinitis, erythrosis, shearitis cervicitis caused by chlamydia, ureaplasma, mycoplasma and trichomonas.

First of all , GENFERON, primarily due to the content of interferon-alpha 2b in it, has a pronounced antiviral and antibacterial activity, antitumor effect and immunomodulatory effect (Rafalsky V. V., 2000).

Interferon alpha 2b is the first line of defense against the virus, even before the immune mechanisms are fully activated. It is believed that the main mechanism of the antiviral action of interferon is the suppression of the synthesis of viral proteins.Under the influence of interferons, two enzymes are synthesized in the cell, one of which inhibits the synthesis of viral proteins, the other breaks down the formed viral RNAs. As a result, new viral particles are either not formed at all, or their number is reduced by many tens or hundreds of times. Interferons are not specific for viruses and have a depressing effect on their reproduction.

To date, it has been proven that the various non-antiviral effects of interferons are no less important than the well-studied antiviral ones.Recombinant interferons in vitro and in vivo activate the mechanisms of capture and digestion of Staphylococcus aureus, Chlamydia, Legionella, Toxoplasma, Listeria, yeast and Cryptococcus.

The immunomodulatory effect of interferon-alpha 2b is due to the ability to alter the expression of membrane receptors and antigens of the major histocompatibility complex; production and secretion of intracellular proteins; functional activity of immunocompetent cells; quantitative and qualitative composition of secreted cytokines.

Secondly , the GENFERON suppository contains the amino acid taurine. The main biological effect of taurine, which determines the advisability of its inclusion in the composition of GENFERON suppositories, is the stimulation of the repair of the affected tissues. The pronounced reparative effect of taurine is the result of a combination of antioxidant, osmoregulatory, membrane stabilizing and immunomodulatory effects inherent in this substance (Bidri M. et al., 2003; Bouckenooghe T. et al., 2006). The antioxidant effect of taurine lies in its ability to neutralize free radicals, the intensive formation of which is characteristic of the inflammatory process. When using suppositories GENFERON, taurine stops further destruction of cell membranes by free radicals, prevents damage to cell DNA and their death.

Another effect of taurine, which promotes epithelialization and tissue regeneration in the focus of inflammation, is anti-inflammatory (Marcinkiewicz J.et al., 2006). Basically, the anti-inflammatory effect of taurine is associated with the formation of its derivative taurine monochloramine, under the action of which the production of many pro-inflammatory cytokines is significantly reduced, the synthesis of prostaglandin E2, nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha is inhibited. The elimination of inflammatory edema contributes to the rapid elimination of the symptoms of the disease.

Taurine enhances the severity of immune responses by stimulating the proliferation of B- and T-lymphocytes (Marcinkiewicz J.et al., 1998). In combination with an increase in the immunogenicity of antigen-presenting cells under the influence of interferon-alpha 2b, this causes a pronounced activation of cellular immunity reactions when using the drug GENFERON.

The neuromodulatory activity of taurine is due to the fact that, being an antagonist of glutamic and aspartic acids, it weakens the processes of excitation in the hippocampus (Dahchour A. et al., 2000). This effect of taurine contributes to the elimination of pathological foci of excitation in the central nervous system, characteristic of the chronic pain syndrome accompanying various chronic inflammatory processes.

Interferon-alpha, like many other macromolecules, is easily destroyed by free radicals. As a result, during the storage of suppositories that do not contain antioxidant substances, there is a significant decrease in the activity of interferon. This is also noted when it is introduced into the inflammation focus, which is characterized by an increased concentration of free radicals. The inclusion of taurine in GENFERON suppositories protects its components, primarily interferon-alpha 2b, from oxidation, which increases their stability and biological activity.

In addition, GENFERON contains anesthesin (benzocaine), a local anesthetic that quickly eliminates itching and burning. The combination of the neuromodulating effect of taurine and the local anesthetic effect of anestezin provides a marked improvement in the quality of life of patients using the drug GENFERON. Anestezin is practically not absorbed when applied topically.

Finally , GENFERON is available in the form of vaginal and rectal suppositories. The use of interferon in this form is currently recognized as one of the most effective methods for the treatment of infectious diseases of the genitourinary system, since topical forms are able to provide higher concentrations of the drug directly in the lesion in the absence of side effects inherent in parenteral administration of interferon in high doses.The features of the pharmacokinetics of interferon when used in the form of rectal and vaginal suppositories make these routes of administration optimal for the treatment of urogenital infections. The high concentration of interferon at the injection site and in the pelvic organs provides a pronounced etiotropic effect of the drug, while the prolonged intake of interferon into the blood shows a powerful and long-lasting immunostimulating effect. These conclusions are supported by clinical data on the high efficacy of the drug GENFERON.

The results of studies carried out in leading clinics in Russia and Ukraine indicate that GENFERON is an effective drug for use in the complex therapy of genital herpes and other sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, candidiasis, genital warts, etc.). Researchers note the high effectiveness of complex therapy (GENFERON + antibiotic and / or antiviral / antifungal drug + subsequent eubiotic therapy) for both mono- and mixed infections (especially chronic) of the genitourinary system, which are especially difficult to respond to traditional antimicrobial therapy.o

For more information, please visit: www. biocad.rurel = “nofollow”>; www.genferon.rurel = “nofollow”>

Abdominal pain, abdominal pain – symptoms, treatment, which doctor to contact :: Clinician

  • Colic is a spastic pain that manifests itself in wave-like attacks, the intensity of which increases or decreases. This pain is caused by excess gas production in the intestines, infectious inflammation or stress.If you rarely feel colic and they go away quickly enough, to eliminate the discomfort, you need to exclude gas-forming products from the menu (raw whole milk, raw unprocessed vegetables and fruits, legumes, yeast pastries and black bread). In case of frequent complaints of colic and accompanying symptoms, we recommend that you visit a gastroenterologist as soon as possible. If the pain is intense, the general state of health is poor, the temperature often rises, severe vomiting opens, the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall are tense – it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance. In this situation, pain medications should not be given until a doctor’s examination.

  • Constant abdominal pain. This type of abdominal pain is characterized by a relatively constant and persistent course. Patients often describe it as burning in the abdomen, sharp, cutting, or hungry pain. This type of pain is a consequence of serious inflammation of the abdominal organs, ulcerative lesions, attacks of gallstone disease, abscesses or acute pancreatitis – you cannot postpone a visit to a specialist!

  • Chronic pain.They periodically disappear and reappear. Such pains usually accompany chronic diseases or infections of the gastrointestinal tract.

If you are concerned about the pains of various types described above, contact a specialist and be ready to answer the following questions:

  • Is the pain associated with food (ie, does it always occur before or always after eating, or maybe after some particular food)?
  • How often do the pains occur, how severe are they?
  • Is the pain associated with physiological functions, and in older girls – with menstruation?
  • Where does it usually hurt, is there any specific localization of pain, where does the pain spread?
  • It is desirable to describe the nature of the pain (“pulls”, “burns”, “pricks”, “cuts”, etc. )etc.).
  • What activities usually help with pain (medication, enemas, massage, rest, cold, warmth, etc.)?

It is best if you come to the doctor with the results of the analysis for dysbiosis and ultrasound of the abdominal organs.

There are also such abdominal pains that are not associated with diseases of the intestines or other internal organs. A person may complain of so-called neurotic pains when he is afraid of something (“bear disease”) or after psycho-emotional stress, shocks.In this case, it is necessary to consult a psychotherapist or neurologist.

Often abdominal pain is accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms:

Such symptoms are important factors indicating dysfunction of the intestines, stomach, biliary tract or inflammation of the pancreas. Chills and fever usually accompany dangerous intestinal infections or blockages in the bile ducts. Discoloration of urine and stool is also a sign of biliary blockage. In this case, the urine, as a rule, becomes dark in color, and the feces become lighter. Intense cramping pain accompanied by black or bloody stools indicates internal bleeding and requires immediate hospitalization.

Microbiological (culture) examination of feces / rectal smear for Salmonella and Shigella (Salmonella spp., Shigella spp.) – Fecal analysis

Salmonella is the causative agent of salmonellosis – a widespread infection in humans and animals.The greatest epidemiological significance for humans are: Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis.

Currently, more than 2000 serological types of Salmonella have been identified, about 700 are found in humans. The causative agents of salmonellosis are capable of significant survival in environmental objects, depending on the temperature, humidity and massiveness of the infection.

The main sources of the pathogen are livestock and poultry. The most epidemically significant source of the pathogen is currently chickens, cattle and pigs. The role of humans as a source of the causative agent of infection in salmonellosis has been proven.

In these cases, it poses the greatest danger to young children and the elderly, as well as people with weakened immunity. An infected person (especially an asymptomatic carrier) is especially dangerous when involved in the preparation and serving of food, as well as the sale of food.

The mechanism of transmission of the pathogen is carried out mainly by the food (alimentary) route.In this case, the factors of transmission of the pathogen are food products, primarily such as meat and meat products, eggs and cream products. Of particular danger in connection with the possible transovarian transmission of the pathogen are chicken eggs infected before laying, as well as products made from them, including mayonnaise and dry egg powder. There are known diseases of salmonellosis associated with the use of cheeses, feta cheese, fish, including smoked fish, and seafood.
The incubation period ranges from 2-6 hours to 2-3 days. With a domestic transmission route, it can increase up to 4 – 7 days.

The cause of the disease is the penetration of Salmonella into the epithelium of the small intestines, where inflammation develops. The disease proceeds with a predominant lesion of the gastrointestinal tract (mainly the small intestine), by the type of enteritis, gastroenteritis. It manifests itself with acute symptoms – nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, headaches.

Shigella spp. Pathogens of shigellosis (bacterial dysentery), an anthroponous disease occurring with a predominant lesion of the mucous membrane of the large intestine, with general intoxication.

The genus Shigella includes 4 species Shigella diseneriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii, Shigella sonnei. The most common species are Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri. Compared to other Shigella, they are the most stable in the external environment and can be stored in food for up to several days, in water for up to 2 months. When boiled, they die immediately. Infection with Shigella Sonne often occurs through products (in contrast to Shigella Flexner, which are characterized by infection by water and household).

Source of infection: patients and carriers of bacteria. They are contagious throughout the acute period of infection and remain so as long as the microorganism is sown from the stool.

Route of transmission: fecal-oral and contact-household. Insect vectors – flies, cockroaches – play a certain role in the spread of infection.

Incubation period 1-7 days (but can be 2-12 hours).
The following forms and variants of the course of infection are distinguished:

  1. Acute dysentery: colitis and gastroenterocolitic variants.According to their severity, they are subdivided into light, moderate, heavy and very heavy. According to the characteristics of the flow, they are distinguished by erased, subclinical and protracted.
  2. Chronic dysentery: recurrent and continuous.
  3. Carriage of Shigella bacteria: convalescent and transient.

A cultural method for the diagnosis of intestinal infections, it is possible to detect pathogens of dysentery (Shigella) and salmonellosis, typhoid fever, paratyphoid (salmonella) in the patient’s feces.The clinical material is inoculated on nutrient media, which are incubated in a thermostat until the growth of pathogens appears. After identification of the grown microorganisms, the sensitivity of the isolated pathogens to antimicrobial drugs is determined. The research results obtained in the microbiological laboratory allow the clinician to prescribe an adequate therapy for the disease.

Results are valid for 2 weeks prior to hospitalization.

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Yeast fungus in gynecology: how to treat fungal infections – medical reference book ON Clinics In addition, fungus in gynecology is one of the main causes of cervical erosion, and this, in turn, leads to infertility, i. e.e. the inability to have children. The main symptoms. Typically, a fungal infection has the following symptoms: Thick, curdled discharge Examination of a vaginal smear. It is carried out to determine the type of fungi that caused a yeast infection. This will allow for more effective therapy in the event of a relapse. Treating a fungal infection. Treatment for candidiasis depends on the presence of complications. Uncomplicated candidiasis Treatment usually lasts seven days. You should consult a doctor again if symptoms persist after treatment or return within 2 months.Complicated candidiasis. Treatment for complicated vaginal fungal infections may include: Long-term vaginal medications. A yeast infection is successfully treated with an azole course for 7-14 days. Clinical signs of yeast infection. Candidiasis is usually accompanied by pain, itching and the formation of a cheesy plaque on the surface of the mucous membranes, when removed, bleeding occurs. Often there is damage to the skin and nail plates. Patients with reduced immunity develop severe pharyngitis and esophagitis, accompanied by dysphagia and weight loss (often seen in AIDS patients).With neutropenia, systemic mycoses occur. Modern methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of candidiasis The fungus is activated when the body’s resistance decreases. The following factors contribute to the development of candidiasis: prolonged or uncontrolled use of antibiotics. It is prescribed for yeast infections of the skin, groin folds and pityriasis versicolor. Lamisil cream for external use 1% tube 15 g. Manufacturer: Novartis Pharma [Novartis Pharma], Switzerland. Yeast infection treatment: Eliminate inflammation.Home remedies for cheesy discharge. Severe itching and irritation, and cheesy discharge as signs of vaginal yeast infections are extremely common among young women. Identifying the fungus can help the doctor prescribe more effective treatment, which is important if it is recurrent candidiasis. Yeast infection treatment: Eliminate inflammation. How to deal with a yeast infection depends on how severe the symptoms are and the duration or frequency of candidiasis, including whether the woman is suffering from a recurrent infection or whether it is primary inflammation.Causing a disease, the fungus does not change its properties – the body changes its properties (local defense decreases). Attaching to the cells of the epithelium, the pathogenic fungus begins to parasitize in them, penetrating deep into the tissues. In the body’s fight against candidiasis, a dynamic balance often arises, when the fungus seeks to penetrate deeper into the tissues, but cannot, and the body tries to reject it and also cannot. With timely treatment, candidiasis does not cause much harm to health. But the symptoms of candidiasis can deliver a lot of unpleasant sensations. They stop the reproduction and growth of fungi, relieve discomfort and restore the affected tissues.Prevention. The yeast or yeast Candida is the causative agent of a fungal disease called candidiasis. If you have yeast in your smear, this is not necessarily a sign of candidiasis. Yeast in a gynecological smear can be found in moderate quantities in a healthy woman. When are yeasts in a smear a symptom of a disease? If yeast is elevated in the smear, this can be a diagnostic criterion in the case. In the absence of complaints, yeast in a smear in women, in a small amount, a variant of the norm, does not require treatment.Reasons for detecting yeast in a smear in women: Hormonal imbalance; Concomitant diseases Comment: the treatment of chronic recurrent UHC should be carried out in two stages. The purpose of the first stage is to stop the recurrence of the disease. For this, the treatment regimens indicated above are used. It is recommended to use topical azole drugs for a course of up to 14 days or fluconazole: 150 mg orally three times at intervals of 72 hours for chronic recurrent urogenital candidiasis caused by azoles-sensitive Candida [3, 23] Supportive therapy is recommended after achieving a clinical and microbiological effect (second stage) for the treatment of recurrent urogenital candidiasis for 6 months with one of the drugs

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Thrush or candidiasis is a fungal disease that can affect not only women, but also men. That is why rectal suppositories for thrush are recognized as universal in the treatment of patients of both sexes. The causative agent of thrush is a conditionally pathogenic microorganism that resides in certain quantities in the vaginal and intestinal microflora of every healthy person. Fungi of the genus Candida begin to multiply under the influence of a number of negative factors.

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Intestinal candidiasis

Thrush is an infectious and inflammatory disease that develops in the female vagina. Scientifically, this disease is called candidiasis, since the cause is the candida fungus.

The most effective way to fight this disease is with suppositories. There is a wide selection of similar products in pharmacies, so choosing the most suitable ones will not be as easy as it might seem at first glance. We devoted our today’s review to the candles that help to cope with thrush.

However, before proceeding to the consideration of the main characteristics of the products, we decided to preliminarily give the main points that will have to be considered when buying.

First of all, you should look at the duration of use – it can range from one to fourteen days. Almost all suppositories will have to be reused if, after completing the course of treatment, it was not possible to reduce the amount of fungus in the vaginal microflora. For the active substance contained in the suppositories to be released and to work optimally, a certain time must pass. For all commercially available products, the recommended time interval is from 8 to 12 hours.

The composition of the candles is studied as closely as possible, since each product has a certain set of useful characteristics, as a result of which the effect on the fungus will be carried out with varying degrees of intensity. It is worth noting that thrush should definitely be fought, as it can develop into a chronic form. The rules for using suppositories are quite simple: they are inserted into the vagina before going to bed in a supine position.

Consider that they melt quickly at room temperature.You should not use them during menstruation, however, there are certain exceptions to this rule – for this you will have to carefully study the instructions for the drug. Suppositories should be injected as deeply as possible so that the active substance acts as quickly as possible on the focus of localization of the fungus. Our review of the best suppositories for thrush of the year included only the most popular suppositories, which received the maximum positive feedback from users and experienced doctors in terms of the effectiveness of their effect on the fungus.

In addition, we took into account the ratio of price and quality of products – too expensive candles were not included in our rating. Now is the time to move on to looking directly at the products available on the market.

A very effective remedy for candidiasis, when applied, it is not absorbed into the bloodstream, but acts on the fungus locally. It is often prescribed in combination with ointment and tablets of the same name.

It does not depress the vaginal microflora.The principle of action is as follows: it destroys the membranes of fungal cells, penetrates inside and suppresses their vital activity, which ultimately leads to their death. Doctors note that this remedy can be used for a long time, since the fungus does not develop immunity to such a medicine. Such suppositories will be very effective in the process of carrying out antibacterial therapy of inflammatory processes in the genital organs of a woman.

In such treatment, antibiotics are used that act on the microflora of the vagina. To prevent the development of thrush fungus, the doctor may prescribe such suppositories as a prophylaxis. It is worth noting that there are a number of contraindications for use – the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in a woman, increased sensitivity of the vagina, pancreatitis, ulcers, liver failure.

During breastfeeding, the use of such suppositories will also have to be abandoned. You should be prepared for the manifestation of certain side effects, which include the occurrence of chills, fever, cutting pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting, and so on.

The course of treatment should be at least two weeks. To prevent a relapse of the disease, an appropriate ointment should be used during treatment. In addition, doctors note that when using such suppositories, sexual rest is necessary.

Such suppositories are able to provide fast and effective treatment of not only thrush, but also other diseases of the female genitourinary system. In particular, they help to cope with a number of sexually transmitted infections. The product belongs to a special group of disinfecting and antiseptic drugs intended for external and local use.

Bactericidal characteristics are quite high, due to which positive dynamics is felt after the first application. This antifungal agent contains chlorhexidine digluconate as an active ingredient – there are 8 or 16 mg of it in each candle. It actively affects the simplest bacteria.

The shape of the candles is torpedo-shaped, they are painted white, may have a slight yellowish tint. There are 10 of them in a package, but you can also find one at a time.Each candle comes with two disposable fingertips to ensure that all hygiene rules are followed. It should be remembered that the drug is not capable of disrupting the natural microflora of the vagina, it does not interact with acid-fast bacteria, which are contained there quite a lot.

In addition to thrush, suppositories are used as a disinfectant for operations on the pelvic organs, before childbirth or abortion. A woman may have an increased sensitivity to the active substances contained in these suppositories.

This is manifested as a result of severe itching in the area of ​​exposure to the suppository. These suppositories are characterized by a pronounced antifungal effect, the active substances are practically not absorbed into the blood, acting exclusively on the area in which the inflammatory process is observed.

A certain amount of the substance absorbed by the body accumulates in the liver, and is subsequently excreted from the female body. Candles are cylindrical in shape, may have a white color or a slight yellowish tint.

There may be an air rod or a slight funnel-shaped depression in the cut. Candles are packaged in a contour package. It contains six suppositories. Clotrimazole acts as an active substance in them – this is a very powerful antifungal agent.

Once at the site of inflammation, the drug begins to affect the production of substances that make up the cell membranes. This causes their thinning, increased permeability, which ultimately leads to death.The action of the main active substance is enhanced by semi-synthetic glycerides. The drug can be used not only to combat thrush, but also with a number of other genital infections that are highly sensitive to this active substance.

It is often recommended for pregnant women to maximize the healing of the birth canal before the birth of a baby. Also, suppositories are used to prevent infection from entering the vagina as a result of various kinds of surgical interventions.The agent belongs to the group of antifungal and anti-inflammatory drugs intended exclusively for local use in gynecology.

Candles are a gelatinous substance with an elongated shape and a slightly pointed end, colored yellow, sometimes have a brownish tint. One package contains 8 or 12 suppositories. Each of them contains two active substances – nystatin and nifuratel, as well as a number of auxiliary compounds.

The first of them affects the cell membranes, increasing their permeability, which leads to their death, the second drug has a depressing effect on the whole of the existing fungal formation, which speeds up the treatment process. A well-chosen combination of these components makes the treatment as effective as possible.

In this case, the normal microflora of the vagina will not be disturbed, respectively, dysbiosis of the genital tract will not be able to begin. The natural acidic environment is restored in a short period of time. Suppositories are prescribed for girls over the age of 18. In addition to thrush, they help to cope with various sexually transmitted infections – chlamydia, trizomoniasis and others.During pregnancy, this remedy can be used with the exception of the first trimester.

As contraindications, only individual intolerance to the components contained in such suppositories is used. The course of treatment is 8 days, however, depending on the recommendations of a specialist, it can be increased or decreased. It is not recommended to use candles during menstruation. They cannot do harm, but the positive effect will be greatly reduced.

Caution should be exercised when using this product while breastfeeding. If the child has even the slightest negative reactions, they stop using candles. There are few side effects, they are rare. The likelihood of an overdose with suppositories is negligible. This is a drug with pronounced antiseptic and disinfectant qualities.

The principle of action is to block the production of amino groups of cellular proteins. It is also characterized by a fairly wide range of antimicrobial effects. It shows its activity well against not only fungal diseases, but also bacterial or viral protozoan infections.The suppositories contain a complex of active substances – iodine and polyvinylpyrrolidone.

They, in contact with fungal formations, form iodamines, which, when coagulated, lead to the death of pathogens. They are used once a day for at least 7 days, however, the course of treatment can be significantly increased depending on the recommendations of a specialist. During the use of suppositories, you should completely abandon sexual intercourse.

High efficiency even during menstruation. Side effects almost never appear, however, during the first or second use, itching is sometimes felt in the genital area and a significant increase in their sensitivity. There are a number of contraindications to the use of such suppositories. First of all, they relate to the dysfunction of the thyroid gland. Children under the age of 8 are also prohibited from using such medications.

If the body has a hypersensitivity to iodine and other components of the drug, then its use will have to be abandoned.From the 3rd month of pregnancy until the end of feeding, the use of these candles is prohibited.

Imidazole and bezothiophene derivatives are the main active substances here. Thanks to it, the production of ergosterol in the cells of fungal formations is reduced, which leads to the appearance of increased permeability of the cell membrane. Suppositories are characterized by a mild effect, the minimum number of possible side effects, the risk of overdose is not provided at all.

Positive dynamics of disease control is observed literally after the first use. The candles are oval in shape and feel like wax. Such funds are contraindicated only in one case: if the female body does not tolerate any substances contained in this medicine.

Broad-spectrum antifungal suppositories for women

After the use of antibiotics, dysbiosis may occur in the intestines, which is treated with the use of special drugs, namely, through probiotics or prebiotics.The following are the most effective medicines for bowel inflammation. For bowel therapy, different drugs are used, administered intravenously or by enteral route. A more convenient form is the use of tablets and syrups, which include funds from the following list: To prescribe the correct therapy with drugs for intestinal inflammation, it is necessary to establish the causes of the disease. Lactulose can increase the activity of healthy microflora due to the increase in the number of lactobacilli.

What suppositories for candidiasis of the colon

Thrush is an infectious and inflammatory disease that develops in the female vagina.Scientifically, this disease is called candidiasis, since the cause is the candida fungus. The most effective way to fight this disease is with suppositories. There is a wide selection of similar products in pharmacies, so choosing the most suitable ones will not be as easy as it might seem at first glance. We devoted our today’s review to the candles that help to cope with thrush. However, before moving on to considering the main characteristics of the products, we decided to preliminarily give the main points that will have to be considered when buying.First of all, you should look at the duration of use – it can range from one to fourteen days.

Top-9 best candles from thrush

In most cases, a fungal infection in women is accompanied by symptoms such as pain, redness, burning and itching. Antifungal suppositories can help quickly eliminate them. And some types of drugs have such powerful properties that they can get rid of unpleasant symptoms the first time.Often used means help to quickly not only defeat the infection, but also restore the microflora of the body. Suppositories are inserted deep into the vagina, coping with the fungus in the mucous membrane, contributing to its death. There are two forms of drugs: The yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida is part of the human body. It tends to actively multiply and develop due to weakening of the immune system. It affects the mucous membrane, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms: pain, burning, redness and itching.The female body is recovering due to the effects of active antifungal drugs, leading to various results:

Suppositories are the most effective form for topical treatment of thrush in women, some are able to relieve unpleasant symptoms the very next day after application. However, there are also disadvantages – it is impossible to cure thrush only with vaginal suppositories, you need a complex with tableted antifungal drugs, otherwise the disease quickly becomes chronic.

Medicines for intestinal inflammation: a list of effective drugs

ATVmedia Non-news Medicine and health. Effective suppositories for thrush. It turns out that three out of four women in the world under 25 have experienced these unpleasant symptoms of thrush. Or, more correctly, candidiasis. In the modern world, the pharmacological market offers a wide variety of medicines to combat thrush.

Intestinal candidiasis is an infectious lesion of the digestive tract caused by the patient’s own fungal flora, Candida spp.

If you have three or more of these symptoms, then your gut is likely to have a microflora imbalance associated with an overgrowth of yeast, a disorder called intestinal candidiasis. It is about him that I want to talk to you today. A fairly common and difficult to detect condition, judging by the symptoms, I think you understand. Candidiasis is the most common form of intestinal dysbiosis, or rather, dysbiosis, taking into account the presence of fungi – an imbalance of the microflora of living microorganisms in the digestive tract. Abraham Hofer, MD, a pioneer in nutritional therapy, found that intestinal candidiasis affects up to a third of the world’s population. The fact is that a huge number of bacteria and fungi live in our gastrointestinal tract, more than one hundred trillion microorganisms with a total weight of about 1.7 kg.


pribori oy – Clinical microbiological media

Media for the diagnosis of infections of the genitourinary system
A series of tests Urikult allows you to determine and preliminary identification of the main spectrum of bacterial infections of the genitourinary system. The very configuration of the slide ensures easy execution of the sampling procedure (the plastic plate with the culture medium applied to it is simply lowered into the urine to be examined).These slides can be used as transport systems, that is, Uricult can be easily transferred from the place of sampling to the laboratory, where the main stages of the study will be directly carried out (due to the fact that the slide is in a hermetically sealed plastic tube).
With the help of various slide options Urikult, Urikult Trio, Urikult Plus, Urikult Veet, Sensicult (Muller-Hinton medium), you can adequately identify the causative agent of the infection and assess the degree of bacteriuria.
Streptocult – Streptocult
Plates for the determination of β-hemolytic group A streptococci in samples from the upper respiratory tract
Biocult – GC – Biocult method for the diagnosis of gonorrhea (Neisseria Gonorrhoeae)
Biocult – both sides of which the test is applied, on culture medium for the diagnosis of gonorrhea (N. Gonorrhoeae). The medium is modified Tauer-Martin agar.
Transpocult – Transpocult
Transpocult – Transport medium for sampling in the study of bacterial samples with a swab. is a modified Stuart medium.
Vagicult – Vagicult
Vagicult – Vagicult Selective enriched broth for the primary isolation and cultivation of Trichmonas vaginalis and yeast and fungi (Candida) from urogenital specimens (is a modified Diamand broth).
Mycobacterium tube 1 and 2 – Mycobacterium tubes
Mycobacterium tube – Agar slant culture for primary isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and microbacteria other than M. tuberculosis 1.2. Modified Lowenstein – Jensen environment.

Dental tests
These tests are designed to assess the state of bacterial contamination of saliva and the mouth as a whole. All tests are performed with stimulation of salivation. With the help of tests, the dentist can determine the tactics of further treatment and adequately advise the patient about the correct method of hygienic oral care.
Hygicult sanitary and hygienic tests
The Higicult series of tests allows to carry out a complex of basic sanitary and hygienic examinations. The very configuration of the Higicult slides allows for easy execution of the sampling procedure in various ways. You can use the slide as a contact plate when examining surfaces (imprint method), by immersion in a solution when examining liquids (a plastic plate with a culture medium applied to it is simply lowered into the solution), or the sample under study is applied to the surface of the slide using a swab (when research from hard-to-reach places).
These slides can be used as transport systems, that is, the test can be easily transferred from the place of sampling to the laboratory, where the main stages of the study will be directly carried out (due to the fact that the slide is in a hermetically sealed plastic tube).

For a visual acquaintance with clinical microbiological media, we present to your attention the presentation

For a detailed description and instructions for use, select the name of the test in the specification.

Clinical Microbiological Media Specification

Test name


Number of tests

Cat. number

Media for the diagnosis of infections of the genitourinary system

Uricult – Uricult

Composition of the slide (medium): CLED / MacConkey for the determination of infections of the genitourinary system



Uricult – Uricult



Uricult Plus – Uricult Plus

Composition of the slide (medium): CLED / MacConkey / Enterococcus agar for the determination of infections of the genitourinary system and enterococci



Uricult Trio – Uricult Trio

Composition of the slide (medium): CLED / MacConkey / Escherichia coli agar for the determination of infections of the genitourinary system and Escherichia coli



Uricult Vet – Uricult Vet

Composition of the slide (medium): CLED / MacConkey / for detecting infections of the genitourinary system (only for veterinary medicine)



Sensicult – Sensicult

Composition of the slide (medium): Modified Mueller-Hinton medium for determination of bacterial susceptibility of infections of the genitourinary system



Media for the diagnosis of bacterial infections

Streptocult – Streptocult

Cultural method for preliminary determination of group A streptococcus ( β hemolytic) in the upper respiratory tract



Biocult GC – Biocult GC

Culture method for the isolation and transport of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in endocervical, urethral or rectal specimens (modified Tauer-Martin agar)



Biocult Oxidase reagent – Biocult Oxidase reagent

For identification of oxidase-positive bacteria



Transpocult – Transpocult

Modified Stewart Medium for Transporting Bacterial Samples



Vagicult – Vagicult

Modified Diamand medium for the determination of Trichomonas vaginalis and yeast in vaginal secretions



Mycobacterium tube 1

Modified Lowenstein-Jensen medium for the cultivation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other mycobacteria

10 tubes


Mycobacterium tube 2

10 tubes


Dental tests

Dentobuff – Dentobuffer strip

Quick and easy test to determine the buffering capacity of saliva



Dentocult SM – Dentocult SM strip modified

Test for assessing the modified streptococcal number in saliva and on the plate



Dentocult LB – Dentocult LB

Test for assessing the number of lactobacilli in saliva



Dentocult CA – Dentocult CA

Test for the assessment of the excessive presence of yeast (especially Candida) in the soft tissues of the mouth, skin and saliva



Hygiene and sanitary tests Higicult

Hygicult TPC – Hygicult TPC

Total Microbial Contamination Test (TMS) Medium supports the growth of most common bacteria Medium Base Plate Count Agar



Hygicult E- Hygicult E

Test for the Enterobacteriaceae family. The environment supports the growth of most enterobacteriaceae. Media base VRBG agar



Hygicult E / β -GUR – Hygicult E / β -GUR

Test for the Enterobacteriaceae family and β – glucuronide-positive bacteria (Escherichia coli) The test consists of 2 media VRBG and selective β – Gur agar (for Escherichia coli 90)



Hygicult CF – Hygicult CF

Coliform test.The medium supports the growth of coliform bacteria. Media base VRBL agar



Hygicult Y&F – Hygicult Y&F

Test for yeast and mold.

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