Blood in the eye pictures: Subconjunctival Hemorrhage (Bleeding in the Eye) Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, Pictures
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention
What Is Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?
A subconjunctival hemorrhage is a red spot on your eye caused by a broken blood vessel. It might look scary, but it’s usually harmless.
Your conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers your eye, has a lot of tiny blood vessels. When blood gets trapped beneath this layer, it’s called subconjunctival. This blood doesn’t involve the inside of your eye or your cornea, so your vision isn’t affected.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Symptoms
You might not even know that a blood vessel has broken until you look in a mirror. You probably won’t notice any symptoms like vision changes, discharge, or pain. You may only have a scratchy feeling on the surface of your eye.
The red spot may grow over 24 to 48 hours. Then it will slowly turn yellow as your eye absorbs the blood.
Call your doctor if the blood doesn’t go away in 2 or 3 weeks, if you also have pain or vision problems, if you have more than one subconjunctival hemorrhage, or if the blood is anywhere inside the colored part of your eye (iris).
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Causes
These hemorrhages often happen when your blood pressure spikes because of:
Some red spots result from an injury or illness, such as:
Less common causes include:
Your odds of getting a subconjunctival hemorrhage go up as you get older, especially after age 50, because you’re more likely to get conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Diagnosis
Your doctor can tell that you have a subconjunctival hemorrhage just from looking at your eye. They’ll ask about your overall health, including injuries. They may also check your blood pressure and look closely at your eye with a device called a slit lamp.
You could need a blood test to make sure you don’t have a serious bleeding disorder.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Treatment
Most red spots heal on their own without treatment. Depending on how big it is, it may take a few days or a few weeks to go away. There’s no way to speed up this process.
Ice packs and over-the-counter artificial tears can help ease any swelling and discomfort.
Your doctor will treat any injury or condition that caused your subconjunctival hemorrhage, such as medication for high blood pressure.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Prevention
If you need to rub your eye, do it gently. If you wear contact lenses, clean and disinfect them regularly. Wear protective gear when you’re playing sports or doing activities that could cause an eye injury. Keep bleeding disorders under control.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Complications
In most cases, there are no complications. It’s rare, but a total subconjunctival hemorrhage may be a sign of a serious vascular disorder in older people.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Outlook
A subconjunctival hemorrhage will usually go away without causing any vision problems. It happens again about 10% of the time in most people, or more often in those who take medications like blood thinners.
What is a Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?
Subconjunctival hemorrhage is when one or more blood spots appear on the white of your eye. The eye’s conjunctiva contains a lot of tiny blood vessels that can break. If they break, blood leaks between the conjunctiva and sclera. This bleeding is the bright red spot that you see on the white of your eye.
These blood spots can look scary. But a subconjunctival hemorrhage is usually harmless and often heals on its own.
What are subconjunctival hemorrhage symptoms?
Usually the only symptom of subconjunctival hemorrhage is a red spot in your eye. In fact, you may not know you have it until you look in the mirror. Occasionally, you may experience a very mild irritation of the eye.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage causes
Coughing, sneezing, straining, or other similar actions most commonly cause subconjunctival hemorrhages. This is because they briefly raise blood pressure in your veins. That quick pressure rise can cause capillaries to break.
Trauma to the eye can also cause subconjunctival hemorrhage. Even rubbing your eyes too hard might cause capillaries to break.
Less common causes of subconjunctival hemorrhage include:
- high blood pressure
- medicines that can make you bleed easily (such as aspirin or blood thinners like Coumadin)
Rarely, subconjunctival hemorrhage is caused by a blood clotting disorder or other blood problem that affects your whole body.
A subconjunctival hemorrhage should heal on its own without treatment. Depending on how big your spot is, this may take a few days or a few weeks.
If your eye feels irritated, you may use artificial tears.
If you get subconjunctival hemorrhages often, your ophthalmologist will talk with you about further testing.
Blood vessels in eye can warn of strokes | World news
Poets have long seen the eyes as windows on to the soul, but scientists have found they offer a life-saving glimpse of human health.
New research has shown that, by photographing the tiny blood vessels at the back of the eye, experts can predict whether a patient is at risk from a stroke.
A three-year study followed the health of more than 10,000 men and women in four American cities and found that, of 110 participants who had suffered strokes, nearly all had damaged blood vessels in their eyes. The damage included narrowing or ballooning of vessel walls, blood leakage and ‘mini-strokes’ in surrounding tissues.
Dr Tien Yin Wong of the University of Wisconsin, who led the study, said the results showed problems with the blood vessels in the eyes were an indication of damage to veins and arteries in the brain, which cause strokes when blocked or burst.
The eyes and brain share the same blood supply routes from the rest of the body. ‘The changes in the eyes are essentially “markers” of blood vessel damage elsewhere, resulting from things like longstanding hypertension, cigarette smoking and other insults to the body,’ said Wong.
The only previously reliable way to examine the state of the blood vessels in the brain would have involved surgery. ‘Retinal photography opens a new, non-invasive approach to investigate vascular diseases,’ he added.
Strokes are one of Britain’s biggest medical problems, the third largest cause of death and the single main cause of severe disability. About a third of major strokes are fatal, with another third leading to permanent disability. They hit about 100,000 people in Britain every year for the first time. About 10,000 affect people under retirement age. The most famous recent younger victim was Hollywood star Sharon Stone, who had a brain operation last week after an artery burst threatening to create a stroke.
Campaigners for victims of strokes believe the research can help vulnerable people to change their lifestyles. Routine eye check-ups by opticians could give warning of an impending stroke.
‘A lot of people go regularly to opticians – certainly more regularly than they have their blood pressure checked. It may be that this discovery could one day take advantage of that,’ said Eoin Redehan, for the Stroke Association.
The main cause of stroke is high blood pressure, due to smoking, fatty diet and lack of exercise. Other factors are binge drinking, cholesterol and the contraceptive pill.
It is believed regular doses of aspirin could prevent more than 2,400 strokes a year and that about four in 10 deaths from strokes could be prevented with proper monitoring.
What Causes Red Eyes in Photos?
Why Eyes Look Red in Photos, and What You Can Do
Whether they show up in a cherished moment or in a random snap during a night on the town, red eyes can ruin otherwise frame-worthy photographs. In this article, we’ll explore the red eye phenomenon and how to prevent (and correct) red eyes in photos so you can capture life’s greatest moments, just as they are.
What Causes Red Eyes?
Although it could signal a serious eye condition such as cataract or retinal detachment, the most common reason for the “red-eye effect” is much more benign. The appearance of red eyes in photos occurs when the camera flash (or some other bright light source) is reflected from the retina.
Here’s how it works: Light hits the eye and causes the pupil to widen, allowing light to be detected by cells at the back of the eye (the retina) which then convert the light rays into electronic pulses that create visual images in our brain.
The problem, at least for photographers, is that not all of the light is absorbed; some is reflected back to the camera lens. When the light is reflected, it illuminates the rich blood supply of the connective tissue at the back of the eye and produces the red color you see in pictures.
How to Prevent Red Eyes in Photos
The reason some of your photos are ruined by red eyes is that our pupils can’t constrict fast enough to prevent the light from reflecting off the blood vessels. While there isn’t anything you can do to make your pupils constrict any faster, there are a few simple measures you can take to help prevent the dreaded red-eye effect.
- Don’t look directly at the camera lens. If you have time to direct your subjects before taking their picture, ask them to look slightly away from the lens. This will prevent their eyes from catching the flash at a direct angle, which can reduce the likelihood of light reflection being captured in the photo.
- Improve the lighting in the room. In darker rooms, the pupils of the eye are already widened to bring in enough light to see. In these instances, the flash from the camera can result in redness, as the pupil is unable to constrict before the photo is captured. You can make a small correction by allowing more light in the room or moving to a brighter area.
- Use the anti-red-eye function. Most modern cameras (and a growing number of smartphones) have a red-eye reduction feature to help users capture frame-worthy photographs every time. This feature emits a quick succession of light before the camera takes the picture. As a result, the subject’s pupils constrict before the photo is taken and thereby reduce the likelihood of the red-eye effect.
- Move the flash and lens further apart. This method doesn’t work for smartphones or internal-flash cameras, but if you’re using a camera with an external flash you can move the flash unit away from the camera body to minimize the red eye problem. This red eye fix prevents light reflecting from your subject’s pupil from entering the lens.
Why Do Some People Get Red Eyes, and Others Don’t?
There are some individuals who don’t ever seem to be cursed by the red eye affliction. It could be that they stand at just the right angle or that their head is tilted to avoid the reflection. Maybe they’re tall and stand at the back during group photos, further away from the flash. Or, it could be that their eyes have a thicker epithelium that soaks up the light from the flash.
While this condition can also reduce the likelihood of red eyes in photos, the likelier culprits are the angle of the subject’s head blocking the reflection, or that they’ve positioned themselves further back from the camera.
Do Red Eyes in Pictures Mean Anything Else?
The red-eye effect in photos is an aesthetic problem that can be corrected with simple adjustments, apps or software tools. However, it is important to know that there may be underlying health-related vision problems causing the issue. For example, if only one eye is consistently red in photos, it could mean the subject has misaligned eyes, or strabismus. A white or yellowish glow in one eye could be even more serious, signaling an eye condition such as cataract, retinal detachment, or infections inside the eye. In children, this white or yellowish shine could also be a warning sign of a rare but serious childhood cancer called retinoblastoma.
If you notice anything else unusual about your eyes or your family’s eyes in photos, speak with an eye doctor to rule out more serious vision problems.
Barnet Dulaney Perkins can help you manage your eye health and can provide surgical care when advanced eye treatments are needed. Contact us today to keep your eyes healthy
12 scary things your eyes say about your health
What can your eyes reveal about your health? Quite a lot – and some things you can see simply by looking in the mirror.
Dr. John C. Hagan, III, a ophthalmologist in private practice in Kansas City, Mo. explains what he looks for when he examines his patients – and what you can look for on your own.
American Academy of Ophthalmology
Droopy eyelids on both sides (ptosis) can be evidence of myasthenia gravis – an autoimmune disease characterized by muscle weakness. Good medical treatment is available for the potentially deadly disease, but the condition in milder forms can be difficult to diagnose.
This patient, who could barely keep her eyelids open, was diagnosed by her eye doctor.
American Academy of Ophthalmology
Marfan’s Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the connective tissue in the body. Extreme height and thinness and unusually slender fingers are common markers of Marfan’s, but the condition is sometimes diagnosed by eye doctors who observe characteristic changes in the string-like tissue that holds the eye’s crystalline lens in place (which doctors call “sunrise syndrome”).
It’s vital that Marfan’s be diagnosed as soon as possible, as the condition is commonly associated with weakness of the wall of the aorta. A rupture of the aorta is likely to be fatal. In fact, that’s what happened to Olympic volleyball star Flo Hyman.
American Academy of Ophthalmology
Lots of people have diabetes and don’t know it. But the disease often causes telltale changes in the retina that can be picked up by an ophthalmologist.
In this eye, diabetes has caused tiny hemorrhages in the retina and yellowish deposits of blood fats (lipids). The condition is known as diabetic retinopathy.
Is this your child’s symptom?
- Injuries to the eye, eyelid, and area around the eye
Types of Eye Injuries
- Cut or Scratch of Eyelid. Small cuts heal on their own. Deep cuts or ones that go through the edge of the eyelid need sutures.
- Bruise of the Eyelids. Also called a “black eye”. The swelling and bruise get worse for a few days. Then it will go away on its own over 2 -3 weeks. It’s normal for the bruise to change colors as it heals.
- Subconjunctival Hemorrhage. This is a flame-shaped bruise of the white part (sclera) of the eyeball. It’s bright red. It’s caused by a scratch to the sclera. It’s a mild injury that will go away on its own over 2 weeks.
- Corneal Abrasion. A scratch of the clear part (cornea) of the eye. The cornea is the window in front of the iris. The main symptoms are severe eye pain, tearing and constant blinking. Some children will just hold their eye closed. Caused by a scratch from a branch of a tree or bush. Can also be caused by a foreign object stuck under the upper eyelid. Most are minor and heal in 2 days. This is the most common eye injury that needs to see a doctor.
- Acute Hyphema (Serious). It means bleeding in the space between the cornea and the iris. The blood often layers out at the bottom of the cornea. It’s caused by blunt trauma.
- Punctured Eyeball (Serious). It means a sharp object has completely torn the cornea or sclera. Can happen with tiny objects thrown by a lawnmower.
- The main concern is whether the vision is damaged.
- Older children can tell us if their vision is blurred or out of focus. You can test this at home. Cover each eye in turn and having them look at a distant object.
- Children less than 5 years old usually need to be examined. This is also true even if the injury seems minor. Having an exam is the only way to know the child’s vision is okay.
When to Call for Eye Injury
Call Doctor or Seek Care Now
- Pupils not equal in size
- Sharp object hit the eye (such as a metal chip or flying glass)
- Skin is split open or gaping and may need stitches
- Any cut on the eyelid or eyeball
- Age less than 1 year old
- You think your child has a serious injury
- You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent
Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours
- Bruises near the eye
- You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent
Contact Doctor During Office Hours
- Dirty cut and no tetanus shot in more than 5 years
- Clean cut and no tetanus shot in more than 10 years
- You have other questions or concerns
Self Care at Home
Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations
If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.
Care Advice for Minor Eye Injuries
- Small Cuts, Scratches or Scrapes Treatment:
- For any bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound. Use a gauze pad or clean cloth. Press for 10 minutes or until the bleeding has stopped.
- Wash the wound with soap and water for 5 minutes. Protect the eye with a clean cloth.
- For cuts or scrapes, use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polysporin). No prescription is needed.
Put it on the cut 3 times a day. Do this for 3 days.
- Cover large scrapes with a bandage (such as Band-Aid). Change daily.
- Swelling or Bruises with Intact Skin (including a Black Eye) Treatment:
- Put a cold pack or ice wrapped in a wet cloth on the eye. Do this for 20 minutes. This will help stop the bleeding and swelling. Repeat as needed.
- A black eye usually takes 1 to 2 days to occur.
- A flame-shaped bruise of the white of the eyeball is also common.
- After 48 hours, use a warm wet cloth for 10 minutes. Do this 3 times per day. Reason: To help reabsorb the blood.
- Pain Medicine:
- To help with the pain, give an acetaminophen product (such as Tylenol).
- Another choice is an ibuprofen product (such as Advil).
- Use as needed.
- What to Expect:
- Minor cuts and scratches, as well as bruises, are harmless.
- They last about 2 weeks.
- They do not need any medicine to help them go away.
- Call Your Doctor If:
- Pain becomes severe
- Changes in vision
- You think your child needs to be seen
- Your child becomes worse
And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.
Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.
Last Reviewed: 05/30/2021
Last Revised: 03/11/2021
Copyright 2000-2021. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.
Blood in the Front of the Eye in Dogs
Hyphema in Dogs
Hyphema, or blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, is a common condition among dogs. However, hyphema is a clinical sign and not a specific disease.
Symptoms and Types
The symptoms of hyphema are dependent on the extent of bleeding, whether vision has been impaired, and whether your dog has other, underlying systemic diseases.
Common signs that are observed during a physical examination are:
- Blood within the anterior chamber of the eye
- Corneal edema or corneal lesions
- Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP)
The most common causes of hyphema are:
- Injury or trauma to the eye or head
- Severe retinal detachment
- Hypertension, hyperthyroidism, systemic deficiencies
- Infection by parasites
- Bleeding vessels – vasculitis, uveitis, uveal neoplasia, and lymphoma particularly
- Ocular defects – retinal dysplasia, collie eye anomaly, glaucoma, etc.
Hyphema can also be indicative of various ocular (eye) and systemic deficiencies, some of which may be life threatening. Therefore, its diagnosis and proper treatment is very important.
Hyphema is diagnosed through hematology and blood biochemistry tests, lab tests, and diagnostic imaging using X-rays and ultrasound tests.
A complete medical history will be taken and a thorough physical examination done to include or exclude possible causes for the condition.
Common diagnostic tests and procedures include:
- Complete blood count with platelet count
- Serum biochemistry to measure serum levels in protein
- Coagulopathy tests to assess blood coagulation functions
- Blood pressure
- Urinalysis to exclude kidney diseases
- Chest and abdominal X-rays
- Ocular ultrasounds (ultrasonography) to investigate the anterior portion of the eye and include/exclude possibilities of retinal detachment, lens displacement, abnormal masses, and vitreal hemorrhage.
Other advanced tests that may be performed include abdominal ultrasounds, X-rays of the head and eye orbit to detect hitherto unknown traumatic injuries, and hormonal tests (assays) of the adrenal glands. To detect bone marrow cancer, a bone marrow aspirate – the liquid found within the bone marrow – may also be done.
The objectives of hyphema treatment involve containing the inflammation and removing the underlying causes which contribute to the bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye.
The common approaches to treatment are:
- The use of corticosteroids as eye drops or ointment to cure inflammation arising out of the bleeding
- Atropine eye drops to dilate the pupil and minimize sticking between the lens and the iris
- Initiation of appropriate treatment for ocular deficiencies like retinal abnormalities (i.e., dysplasia), collie eye anomaly, glaucoma, etc.
Surgery may also be necessary for the correction of traumatic injuries and lesions.
Your dog’s activity will need to be restricted if the problem has been caused by a clotting disorder. A clot in a vein or artery can quickly become fatal when vigorous movement encourages the clot to travel to the heart. In cases of clotting, your dog will need to be treated specifically for dissolving the clot. In addition, if hyphema has significantly damaged your dog’s vision, it should not be allowed to go outside without supervision. Regular monitoring of the fluid pressure within the eye is also very important – daily checks for severe diseases, and in less severe cases, every two to three days until the condition has cleared up. To prevent your dog from inflicting further injury or irritation to the eye by scratching at it, you may want to ask your veterinarian for an Elizabethan collar – a wide collar that fits around the neck, preventing the dog from being able to reach its face with its paws.
Unless the ocular structures have suffered irreversible damage, the prognosis is usually good in case of traumas. In case of retinal detachments, secondary glaucoma will eventually develop, and surgical intervention may be necessary for relief of pain.
90,000 Bloody tears are not a myth! Why can there be blood from the eyes?
Blood from the eyes is, fortunately, a rare phenomenon
This little studied phenomenon is called hemolacria by physicians.
Recently, doctors reported a new case of hemolacria.This syndrome is expressed in the discharge of blood from the eyes. It is quite rare – over the past 20 years, about a dozen people have encountered it.
Indian doctors from New Delhi talked about how a girl was admitted to their clinic at the age of 11. According to her mother, the girl shed bloody tears for a week. The girl did not experience pain or other unpleasant sensations. Ophthalmologists examined the patient, conducted a large number of studies, but could not establish the cause of the bloody tears.The girl was not ill with anything, no deviations, except for the very fact of blood from the eyes, could not be found.
Usually, doctors explain bloody tears in teenage girls by the formation of the menstrual cycle. But this reason did not fit in this case, because the girl has not yet started her period.
The patient spent two days in the hospital, during which she periodically bled from her eyes. As a result, the girl was discharged, telling her mother that the bloody tears would stop the same way they began.This is indicated by all the previous cases.
However, if in women the cause of bloody tears is most likely associated with hormones, then in men the picture is somewhat different. So, in 2018, during an examination of an elderly Italian, doctors discovered benign tumors in the eyes and hyperemia. Medications for hypertension and glaucoma helped, and the eyes stopped bleeding. However, other patients have been crying bloody tears for years, and specialists can only shrug their shoulders.
Source: RIA Novosti.
Blood from the eyes – photos, reasons, treatment, what to do
Home → Home treatment → Organism → Blood
Why is blood from the eyes – causes
The appearance of a pathological process can be observed under the influence of various provoking factors. Main reasons:
- Atherosclerosis. When small capillaries are clogged, microbleeds appear in the organs of vision.
- Physical overvoltage. With long and difficult work in conditions of low or high temperatures, the appearance of blood spots is observed. Also, this condition is observed in women after the birth of a child in a natural way.
- Increased pressure. The appearance of a small red spot is observed. If blood flows from the eyes, then the reason is an increase in intraocular pressure.
- Organ damage. If a speck gets into the eye, it can lead to redness.In more serious injuries, blood vessels are damaged. In this case, the blood is abundant. In case of traumatic injury, a scratch appears on the human eye, which leads to hemorrhage.
- Intraocular tumor. If a person has bleeding eyes, he needs to urgently seek help from a doctor, since this symptom must be treated immediately.
If the patient has a hormonal imbalance, this can lead to the appearance of pathology.When foreign agents enter the conjunctiva of the eye, this symptom appears. If the eye is swollen with blood, an urgent medical examination is necessary. Hemolacria (discharge of blood with tears) can occur against the background of diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Important! There are many reasons for hemorrhage. Only an ophthalmologist can determine why the pathological process has developed. That is why, if blood begins to flow, the patient needs to see a specialist.
Varieties of hemorrhage
Medical workers distinguish several types of bleeding in accordance with the characteristics of the pathological process:
- The patient not only has an eye filled with blood, but also damaged external tissues.In this situation, the patient requires emergency medication. Otherwise, it will be necessary to use surgical intervention.
- Blood appears on the mucous membrane of the eye, as well as on its iris. In this case, glaucoma and other organ diseases become the cause of the pathology. Also, the pathological process develops against the background of mechanical damage to tissues and blood vessels.
- The retina is the place of localization of pathology. This is a rather dangerous condition, with the appearance of which you do not need to do anything on your own.Manifested by visual impairment. It is necessary for the victim to call an ambulance.
Important! Blood from the eye is not only negatively reflected on the appearance of a person, but also significantly reduces vision. That is why when this symptom appears, the patient needs to undergo diagnostics and a course of treatment
First aid – what to do
If bleeding from the eye appears, anyone should know what to do. The victim must be provided with first aid, which will eliminate the possibility of significant blood loss.If spotting appears from both eyes, a person should definitely consult a doctor. If, against the background of this, the patient began to see poorly, an ophthalmologist’s consultation is required.
In such a situation, it is strictly forbidden to rub your eyes, as this can lead to increased bleeding. The use of contact lenses during this period is strictly prohibited.
It is not recommended to independently remove bleeding using eye drops without consulting a doctor, as this can aggravate the situation.
If the patient is taking medications that are intended to thin the blood, the ophthalmologist must be told about this.
Important! Blood from the eye and nose is a dangerous condition that requires seeking medical attention.
Therapy of pathology directly depends on the causes. To treat bleeding, conservative methods, surgery, and traditional medicine can be used.
If there are no chronic diseases in the human body, then the blood is absorbed on its own.To determine the causes of the pathological condition, the patient is recommended to take a blood test, an ophthalmological examination.
If the eyes are filled with blood, the treatment of the pathology should consist in taking medications that ensure its resorption, outflow and liquefaction.
To speed up the treatment process, vitamins are required, the use of which can be carried out orally or by injection. If necessary, enzymes are administered to patients. Treatment is carried out with the help of hemostatic drugs, as well as drugs, the action of which is aimed at improving elasticity and strengthening blood vessels.
Minimally invasive methods of treatment are recommended for therapy. The most commonly used laser coagulation. For the manipulation, a laser is used, with the help of which the affected vessels are cauterized. This method is necessary to repair the damaged retina.
Treatment of pathology can be carried out with the help of injections of medicines, due to which pathological vessels in the retina stop growing. This therapy is highly effective for people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus.Simultaneous use with laser photocoagulation is allowed.
To speed up the treatment of pathology, it is recommended to use traditional medicine:
- To relieve puffiness around the eyes, it is recommended to apply ice for 1 minute. After that, a 15-minute break is taken and the manipulation is repeated again.
- In the presence of a capillary mesh, the use of special lotions is recommended. A good effect is the juice of raw cabbage. It should be moistened with a cotton swab and applied to a closed eye for 30 minutes.The procedure should be performed twice a day. The duration of the course of treatment is determined by the patient’s condition. After resorption of the hematoma, therapy is discontinued.
- Willow has a similar effect. For lotions, it is recommended to prepare a decoction based on the young branches of this plant.
Traditional medicines are less effective than medicines. Sometimes they make things worse. Can only be used as directed by an ophthalmologist.
Hemorrhage into the organs of vision is an unpleasant pathological process that negatively affects a person’s appearance.When bleeding occurs, the patient should consult a doctor who will prescribe rational treatment aimed at eliminating the provoking factor and blood resorption.
Hemorrhage in the eye: causes and treatment, what to do in case of bleeding
The term hemorrhage in the eye combines a number of pathological conditions that are characterized by the release of blood into the tissue.
The severity of changes and the severity of functional disorders depend on the localization, which is the basis of the modern classification and influences the choice of treatment tactics.The causes of eye disorders are also taken into account.
Answers from ophthalmologists to all questions, including information on how to remove a bruise in the eye, can be obtained at the doctor’s office.
The division of bleeding into the eye into types is based on the location of the damaged vessel and the release of blood into the eye tissue. It includes the following types:
- Blood has entered the retina.
The spot has various sizes and shapes.
Hemorrhage into the white of the eye is characterized by the fact that it is clearly visible in the form of a red spot in the conjunctival region. After a hemorrhage in the sclera of the eye has been established, the ophthalmologist determines the causes and treatment individually.
Intrusion of blood into the anterior chamber of the eye can be of traumatic or pathological origin. It is divided into several degrees of severity, which are determined by the blood level:
- 1 degree – the chamber is about 30% full, the pupil is fully visible.
- 2 degree – the filling reaches 50%, the upper blood level reaches half of the pupil, in the prone position, vision deteriorates sharply, up to complete absence (a person can only determine the light source).
- 3 degree – blood filling reaches 75%, the pupil is completely hidden.
- 4th degree – the entire volume of the anterior chamber of the eye is filled with blood.
Treatment is conservative or surgical.
The presence of blood in the vitreous body (sometimes called hemorrhage in the eyeball) is due to the effects of various injuries or diseases. It is possible to suspect a pathological condition by a subjective sensation in a patient who complains of the appearance of a “red veil” in front of his eyes. It is impossible to see bleeding into the vitreous with a simple eye.
Hemorrhage into the retina
The retina refers to the receptor part of the eye.It is localized behind the vitreous body and includes specific cells, which, in response to exposure to light, react with the formation of a nerve impulse. Depending on the shape and localization, several types of hemorrhage are distinguished:
- Striated form – a slight change with blood on the retina, which is localized in the thickness.
- Round shape – the lesions have a clear round shape, they are localized in the depth of the retina.
- Preretinal hemorrhage of the eye – the change is located in the space between the vitreous humor and the retina, it can have different shapes and sizes.
- Subretinal view – blood is localized under the retina of the eye directly in the area of blood vessels.
It is impossible to visually see how the eyes bleed into the retina. The patient usually complains of a sharp deterioration in vision. The diagnosis is established after a detailed examination by an ophthalmologist. He also finds out from what the violation occurs. Then conservative therapy is prescribed, and if necessary, laser coagulation is performed.
Hemorrhage in the retina and other structures of the eye – symptoms
Clinical symptoms of hemorrhage in the eye, regardless of its location, include subjective sensations associated with complaints of visual impairment:
- the appearance of a red veil before the eyes;
- photopsies – small point “flashes” of light that appear at the periphery of the field of view;
- “thin cobwebs” or “flies” that appear at the periphery of the visual fields and “slip away” when trying to focus on them;
- decrease in visual acuity of varying severity.With pronounced changes, object vision is lost. In this case, a person can only determine the source of bright light.
Also, the clinical picture includes visual changes that can only be seen in certain types:
- the appearance of a red spot in the area of proteins around the iris – a sign of blood under the conjunctiva;
- The horizontal level of red fluid in the corneal region, which is visible when the human body is upright, is a sign of blood entering the anterior chamber of the eye.
Causes of hemorrhage in the eye
Hemorrhage in the eye is a polyetiological condition. This means that it develops as a result of the impact of a large number of different causal factors, which include:
- Past injuries – eye contusion, foreign objects, friction.
- Carrying out surgery on various structures of the eye.
- Contact with the eyes of various aggressive chemical compounds.
- Violation of hemodynamics, accompanied by an increase or decrease in blood pressure (hemorrhage in the eye and pressure often accompany each other).
- Decrease in the strength of the walls of blood vessels due to metabolic disorders (angiopathy against the background of diabetes mellitus), systemic inflammatory pathology of the connective tissue, some infections (leptospirosis, severe flu).
- Blood clotting disorders caused by various pathological conditions (insufficient amount of vitamin K, impaired liver function).
- Diseases affecting various structures of the eyeball – tumor processes, blockage of retinal veins by a thrombus against the background of an inflammatory process, hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (the cause of subconjunctival hemorrhage), inflammation of the internal structures of the eye, retinal detachment, age-related degeneration of the vitreous body.
- Chronic intoxication (alcohol abuse, smoking, long-term use of various drugs).
- Increased blood clotting, leading to intravascular thrombus formation with subsequent occlusion of blood vessels.
- Increased intracranial pressure.
- Atherosclerosis is a metabolic disorder accompanied by an increase in the level of cholesterol in the blood with its subsequent deposition on the walls of arterial vessels.
- Hereditary predisposition – features of blood circulation, the state of the walls of blood vessels, the functioning of the blood coagulation system are inherited. In such cases, it may seem that the pathology has developed for no reason.
If there is a major change, causes and treatment are urgently determined.Research is aimed at elucidating the provoking factor for the subsequent selection of an adequate treatment.
Hemorrhage in the eye – diagnosis
Diagnostic measures are aimed at establishing the cause of changes, their localization, type and severity. These include several common examinations:
- visual inspection;
- ophthalmoscopy – visual examination of the fundus using a special optical device;
- perimetry – examination of visual fields;
- visiometry – determination of visual acuity;
- Computed tomography – X-ray examination with high separation power.
After the diagnosis of the pathology, the causes and consequences are established based on the research results.
Treatment of hemorrhage in the eye
Treatment is prescribed complex. It includes several main areas of measures that are influenced by the cause of the change in the eye:
- General recommendations – rationalizing work and rest, ensuring adequate sleep, increasing physical activity, giving up bad habits (in more detail on how to strengthen blood vessels eye hemorrhage, using general recommendations, usually informs the doctor at the reception).
- Diet – restriction in the diet of fatty, fried foods, ensuring the supply of vitamins, proteins, which is necessary to improve the state of blood vessels.
- Drug treatment – various anti-inflammatory drugs are used (dexamethasone has a pronounced effect, since it is a derivative of glucocorticosteroid hormones), angioprotectors (trental), diuretics (furosemide), antioxidants (vitamin E). The field of how the hemorrhage was established in the eye, how to treat the pathology, the doctor determines individually.
- Invasive manipulations – excision of tissues with hemorrhage, which is carried out using a laser, paracentesis of the anterior chamber of the eye in case of hemorrhage (puncture of the anterior chamber to remove blood).
Traditional methods of therapy
Traditional methods involve the use of medicinal plants in the form of tinctures. These include sophora, arnica. Before treating bleeding in the eye with folk remedies, you need to consult a doctor.
Features in newborns and children
Hemorrhage in the eye in newborns is relatively common.The main reasons are difficult labor with a vacuum extractor or forceps. If there is a release of blood into the sclera of the eye, treatment in most cases is prescribed conservative.
It is important to be able to prevent changes in the eye. What to do for this, you can ask your ophthalmologist. Preventive measures are aimed at eliminating the impact of provoking factors.
The author of the article: Igor Mikhailovich Krivoguz, specialist for the glazalik website.ruShare your experience and opinion in x.
Hemorrhage in the eye: causes and treatment, what to do in case of bleeding Link to the main publication
The eye is bloody – causes, photos, treatment
Eye bleeding (subconjunctival hemorrhage) is a hemorrhage in the anterior part of the eye of the apple. It can lead to reddening of the eye or even accumulation of blood on the front of the eye between the transparent cornea and the colored iris.
Bloodshot eyes usually result from damage to a blood vessel. In severe cases, the same cause that damaged a small blood vessel can lead to other intraocular damage: lens displacement, traumatic cataract, perforation of the eyeball, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment and optic nerve atrophy.
Hemorrhage is most often caused by trauma, such as being hit by a blunt object or something sharp.Other causes of blood flow to the eye include blood vessel malformations, eye cancer, or severe inflammation of the inside of the eye.
- Blood thinners
- Choking attacks
- Severe vomiting
- Lifting heavy objects
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Sneezing or coughing, especially if it is prolonged or painful
Damaged blood vessel49
There are many factors that cause damage to the blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause them to become bloodshot.Some of these factors are:
- Violent sneezing, coughing or vomiting will rupture blood vessels. These symptoms may be accompanied by severe vomiting.
- Strenuous physical activity, such as lifting heavy weights, can rupture the blood vessels in the eyes due to the increased pressure after exertion. Due to the high pressure in the head vessels, small capillaries rupture.
- Eye injury.
- Contact lenses can irritate the eyes, especially if chafed.This can lead to rupture of blood vessels.
- A sudden rise in blood pressure from minor trauma can rupture the capillaries, causing bleeding in the eyes.
- Eye infections can damage blood vessels.
- Eye surgery can also affect the blood vessels in the eye and cause infection.
- Diabetes or blood clotting problems are known for their effects on blood vessels.
- If you are prone to high blood pressure in general, and if you are frequently stressed, this may be the cause of ruptured blood vessels in the eyes.
- In addition, if you take blood thinners or any other medication that affects blood flow, they can also damage your blood vessels. Even high doses of aspirin can have this effect.
The eye is bleeding from an injury
The eye is bloody and sore
If the bleeding is accompanied by painful sensations, the cause is most likely one of the following conditions:
A scratch on the cornea or a speck in the eye
the soreness of the eyes is caused by a speck entering the eyes.If she scratches her eye, discomfort may be present. Relief comes after the removal of the foreign body.
Note. You may be prescribed antibiotic eye drops or ointment to reduce your risk of infection.
Iritis (inflammation of the iris) or anterior uveitis (inflammation of the choroid)
These conditions can sometimes be caused by an immune system problem or infection.
In addition, you may notice that your eyes have become sensitive to light, the image is blurry and your head hurts.
This is a serious condition in which pressure in the eye suddenly increases and there is intense redness and soreness. Vision can be blurry and cloudy.
Usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection, and can cause the eye to turn red and sensitive to light, or to feel like there is something in the eye. Bacterial corneal ulcers are commonly seen in people who wear contact lenses.
Bladder in the eye
Bladder in the eye is also known as subconjunctival hemorrhage. Its appearance can cause concern, however, it is not a serious problem.
Although it is not always possible to identify the source, some potential causes of subconjunctival bleeding include:
- Eye injury
- An unexpected increase in blood pressure that can be caused by heavy lifting, coughing, sneezing, laughing and constipation
- Blood thinners, such as as aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and warfarin
- Rarely, a clotting disorder or vitamin K deficiency (it helps the proteins necessary for blood clotting function properly)
- Eye surgery, including laser vision correction and cataract removal
Note .If you do not have any of the above reasons, but the hemorrhage recurs, you should see a doctor to make sure that there is no problem with the eyeball, high blood pressure or circulatory problems.
Sometimes, during pregnancy, there may be a problem of eye bleeding, but do not worry, as after childbirth it will go away on its own. Some of the common problems may include:
Hormonal changes cause the body to produce fewer tears, so the eyes dry out, leading to irritation, redness and sensitivity to light.
In order to alleviate your condition, it is necessary to minimize the time spent in front of a computer or TV screen, avoid exposure to the light of fluorescent lamps, stop using contact lenses, and also control the humidity in the room.
During pregnancy, corneal edema occurs, therefore, temporary discomfort from contact lenses, as well as decreased vision, is possible. This case does not need treatment; after childbirth, vision will return to normal.
Most often, no treatment is needed unless the condition is caused by injury or infection. The blood in the eye will disappear on its own after a few days or a couple of weeks, depending on the amount. To accelerate this, drops from the “artificial tear” category can be applied up to 6 times a day. But it is important to rule out serious causes, especially if the situation is repeated.
General diagnostic tests and procedures include:
- CBC to determine platelet count
- Blood chemistry to measure total serum protein
- Coagulopathy tests to assess blood clotting functions
- Blood pressure
- Urinalysis to rule out disease Kidney
- Chest and abdominal radiography
Ultrasound diagnostics (US) for examining the anterior part of the eye and confirming / excluding the possibility of retinal detachment, lens displacement, abnormal neoplasms and vitreous hemorrhage.
Hemorrhage in the eye: causes and treatment
Hemorrhage in the eye is a fairly frequent phenomenon, the cause of which is a violation of the vascular wall of the eyes. This is an accumulation of blood that poured out of the blood vessels that filled the cavity of the eyeball, as well as the surrounding tissues.
This phenomenon is most often found in pathological conditions: diseases or injuries. Hemorrhage can be observed in the anterior chamber of the eye, in the vitreous humor of the eyeball, as well as in the retina on its posterior wall and directly into the orbit.
Retinal hemorrhage looks like a bright red spot on the surface of the eyeball. The person usually does not experience any pain. He may sometimes feel a pain, as if a foreign body had been hit, and also complain that visual acuity is falling.
There are no harmless hemorrhages. Only specialists from microsurgery and ophthalmology can diagnose and cure an ailment.
Localization of hemorrhage and its symptoms
Usually, apart from a strong local redness of the orbit, there are no other symptoms.Rarely, when a large vessel is damaged, a painful sensation appears. With extensive hemorrhage, a feeling of pressure appears. The area of the outpouring itself has a bright red color, clear boundaries. With extensive effusions, blood spreads to the entire tunica albuginea.
There are several types of damage to small blood vessels, each with specific symptoms. Depending on the location of the damaged vessel, there are:
- Hyphema – accumulations of blood in the anterior chamber of the membrane – between the cornea and the iris.It is usually the result of blunt trauma. It is accompanied by a pronounced pain symptom, blurred vision.
Looks like a uniform red formation with smooth contours. Blood can spread over the entire cavity of the anterior chamber if a person is in a horizontal position, or settle if a person is in an upright position.
With this type of intraocular hemorrhage, vision is not distorted, except when the hyphema completely closes the pupil.Blood clots with hemorrhage in the anterior chamber dissolve quickly, literally in a few days.
- Hemophthalmus is a hemorrhage that occurs inside the vitreous body. Usually appears as a result of damage to the vascular membranes. It looks like a brown formation located just behind the lens. This is a severe lesion of the eyeball.
There are two types of hemophthalmos: complete – leading to loss of vision; partial – capable of causing a significant loss of visual acuity as a result of a complication.The main symptoms of vitreous hemorrhage are flashes of light in front of the eyes, dark mobile spots that bother a person, as well as pronounced fog in front of the eye.
- Subconjunctival hemorrhage. The vessels of the mucous membrane are damaged. Are spontaneous, develop for no apparent reason. Outwardly, it looks like a crimson spot on the eyeball, which does not disappear for several days. This is the only symptom of the disease. Visual impairment, painful sensations are not observed.
Occurs usually as a result of concussion of the apple’s orbit. Sometimes pathology occurs with blood diseases and vasculitis. The symptom is pronounced bulging with a sharp forward displacement of the eyeball, which greatly limits the ocular motor function. There is also hemorrhage under the skin of the eyelids and conjunctiva, decreased visual acuity.
- Retinal hemorrhage. It develops as a result of bleeding from the vessels of the retina. The retinal tissue is very sensitive and thin.Therefore, even minor damage to blood vessels can lead to significant loss of vision, the development of retinopathy.
Outwardly, the pathology is almost invisible, regardless of the extent to which retinal tissues are involved. A person usually complains about a lack of sharpness of objects, objects in front of his eyes, a grid that shifts when moving in orbits, as well as the appearance of floating flies. Extensive blood clots in the retina can lead to complete loss of vision.
Causes of bleeding in the eye: from injuries to diseases
The most common cause of bleeding is trauma to the visual organs.The cause of damage can be a blow to the eye, a blow to the head, trunk injuries, injuries in the sternum. Even minor bruises can lead to severe tissue changes.
- But this does not always happen with injuries, this phenomenon is often provoked by diseases of internal organs and systems.
- This condition can manifest itself due to the destruction of the vascular wall, circulatory disorders: with damage to the vascular walls by atherosclerotic plaques, with microaneurysms, narrowing of the vascular walls; with the onset of pathological fragility of blood vessels or as a result of an increase in their permeability.
- Excessive physical activity sometimes leads to the appearance of intraocular hemorrhage.
- Even a cough, a strong cry can become the cause.
- Atherosclerosis, increased blood pressure can cause narrowing of the lumen of the arteries and retinal angiopathy, provoke fragility of blood vessels.
Diabetes mellitus is one of the causes of hemorrhage in the eye. It is capable of causing changes in the retinal vessels. The vascular wall becomes weaker, microaneurysms appear on its surface, leading to intraocular outflow of blood.
The cause of the manifestation of pathology may be mechanical compression of the eye vessels under the influence of a growing tumor inside the eye, as well as various inflammatory processes occurring in the iris, myopia.
Blood in the eye often occurs with increased cardiac loads, as well as with the onset of attempts in parturient women.
Correct timely determination of the cause of the occurrence of the phenomenon makes it possible to preserve human health. When the first obvious symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a specialist.
When to see a doctor urgently
It is worth seeing a doctor immediately when:
- hemorrhage occurred simultaneously in two eyes at once;
- sudden loss of vision in one or two orbits of the eye;
- Heavy fog in front of the eye;
- hemorrhage is accompanied by pain and decreased vision;
- The outpouring of blood was the result of an injury to the eyeball;
- are taking blood thinners.
Treatment is the work of the doctor, not the victim
Various causes of blood effusion, its localization and severity, adverse consequences, the worst of which is loss of vision, suggest that urgent consultation with a specialist is needed.
It is a quick diagnosis, timely prescription of therapy that are the first aid in case of a disease. The basis for eliminating the consequences of pathology is rest and performing procedures. It is recommended to isolate the eye from environmental influences using an aseptic dressing.
The main diagnostic method is ophthalmoscopy – examination of the fundus. If there is a hemorrhage in the orbit, additional diagnostic measures are carried out – MRI, CT, X-ray of the skull, which makes it possible to judge possible complications.
The disease is treated with medications, surgery and vitamins. So, ophthalmologists prescribe the following measures:
- the introduction of vitamins intramuscularly;
- oral intake of vitamins: calcium chloride solution and ascorutin;
- intravenous administration of lidazo and glucose, which help to resolve infiltrates and blood effusions in the visual organs;
- introduction of protease enzymes.
Surgical intervention: vitrectomy operation, laser correction is performed in case of damage to the vitreous body or retina.It is used for extensive blood effusion. Its implementation involves the removal of thickened blood from the eye cavity. Clouded areas of the vitreous body, areas of the posterior hyaloid membrane are also removed.
Special medications are prescribed to the patient for the speedy resorption of blood.
- Hyphema. No specific treatment is required. The doctor prescribes drops of potassium iodide 3% externally 3 times daily for a week. The persistence of a hyphema for more than 10 days, especially in elderly patients, is an indication for surgical removal of blood clots, since it indicates the development of future serious complications: glaucoma, uveitis, cataracts.
In the event of an illness, it is recommended to avoid taking anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal drugs NSAIDs in any form, anticoagulants, as they disrupt the blood coagulation ability.
Albucid, taufon, emoxipin are prescribed for the treatment of hyphema. Vitamin therapy is important. Useful of vitamin P and ascorbic acid. To strengthen the vascular wall, the drug ascorutin can be prescribed, which includes both of these vitamins. It is recommended to use vitamin C, which increases the elasticity of the vascular walls.
- Hemophthalmos. With the onset of hemophthalmia, you should immediately seek help from medical institutions, since this is a serious illness. Only the urgent help of a doctor will help the patient to preserve his vision. When blood flows into the retinal tissue, the patient is recommended to be at complete rest.
For treatment, the doctor prescribes to the patient drugs that strengthen blood vessels, hemostatic agents. If the retinal effusion is extensive, the patient requires urgent hospitalization.
If, after the release of blood from the vessels, the hematoma manifests itself in the form of glasses, which indicates that the eyelids are filled with blood, the patient needs hospitalization.Such a hematoma indicates damage to the base of the skull. To prevent the development of such effusions, experts recommend taking vitamin C, which softens the walls of blood vessels, making them elastic.
Treatment with folk remedies
Together with traditional medicine, traditional medicine is used to treat pathology, helping to speed up the healing process. Traditional medicines only help to alleviate the symptoms, however, they will not be effective in severe cases of hemorrhage.For these purposes, recipes are used to help relieve symptoms and alleviate the condition.
So, chamomile decoction, boiled and chopped cabbage leaves and aloe juice are used for compresses. Lotions are also made with saffron, radish peel, fresh cheese, and lentil oil to relieve symptoms. The duration of the procedure is 5 minutes.
Remember! Traditional medicine is powerless in severe illness. Frequent hemorrhages with extensive damage to the tissues of the eyeball, especially if it is associated with a head injury, are a serious reason for contacting specialists: a therapist, an ophthalmologist.
Prevention is as simple as twice two
There are no specific measures to prevent the development of bleeding into the eye. Preventive measures are different, they all boil down to strengthening the immune system as a whole, since the state of blood vessels and various diseases, such as hypertension or diabetes mellitus, are the consequences of an improper lifestyle.
A healthy lifestyle, taking vitamins is an excellent prevention of disease.
Treatment of the underlying ailment can prevent the development of complications in the form of blood effusion.
Hemorrhage in the eye – causes and treatment of bruising in the retina, how and what to treat if the eyeball is in the blood, from which occurs
A fairly common non-infectious lesion of the organs of vision is characterized by hemorrhage in any area of the eye. In some cases, minor hemorrhages of a traumatic nature do not entail any negative consequences, but in some cases this symptom may indicate a severe pathology that can result in complete blindness.
Definition of symptom
Some ocular hemorrhages are visible visually. They are easy to spot by looking in the mirror. Other disorders of the vascular system of the eye can only be detected during a medical examination.
Visually determined hemorrhage behind the cornea and damage to the blood vessels of the white of the eye.
In the first case, blood fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball, while it can overlap the iris and, partially, the pupil, which limits the field of view.
Hemorrhages on the sclera look like small red spots that are clearly visible. In some cases, extensive hemorrhage may occur in the entire visible area of the white of the eye. Despite the frightening appearance, subconjunctival hemorrhage does not entail any serious consequences and gradually resolves on its own.
Hemorrhage into the vitreous body or retina is not visually detectable and can only be detected upon examination by an ophthalmologist.
If large hemorrhages are found on the iris or sclera of the eye, you should consult an ophthalmologist, especially if you have painful sensations.
Causes of occurrence
The destruction of the blood vessels of the eye is divided into several types:
Hemorrhage between the cornea and the iris is called hyphema. With this pathology, blood fills the anterior chamber of the eye. Most often, such a hemorrhage occurs as a result of trauma or ophthalmic surgery.
Less commonly, the cause of this disorder is herpes, a bleeding disorder or cancer.
In this case, it is possible to visually observe the blood behind the cornea, in addition, the patient experiences painful sensations in the eyeball.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage is clearly visible on the white mucous membrane of the eye. It occurs due to the destruction of blood vessels.
Quite often, tiny capillaries burst from physical exertion of the body.This can happen while sneezing, with violent and prolonged bouts of coughing, or while doing hard work.
Injury and damage to the eye also cause the formation of hemorrhages on the membrane of the eye.
Vitreous hemorrhage can only be detected by an ophthalmologist during diagnostic procedures.
Since the vitreous body itself does not have a circulatory system, blood enters it when the retinal vessels are destroyed. There can be several reasons for this pathology:
When blood enters the vitreous body, the patient can observe a slight haze in the field of view, formations in the form of a cobweb and a reddish tint in the observed objects.In severe cases, severe visual impairment up to complete blindness is possible.
The retina is lined with a large number of blood vessels that can rupture and cause hemorrhage.
Among the reasons that can provoke this violation, the most common are the following:
- vasodilatation associated with aneurysm;
- eyeball injuries;
- head injuries;
- strong changes in atmospheric pressure.
High blood pressure is a very common reason why capillaries in the eyes burst. Vascular aneurysms and thrombosis can also cause destruction of the blood vessel and retinal hemorrhage.
Eye injuries and craniocerebral disorders are necessarily accompanied by intraocular bleeding.
Dangerous retinal hemorrhages occur in professional divers, but most often in inexperienced divers who do not observe the decompression mode when lifting from depth.
Do not scratch or rub your eyes if there is a noticeable hemorrhage.
There are certain diseases that can provoke eye hemorrhages. There are quite a few of them:
Tumors that have arisen on the eyeball or the internal structures of the eye can deform blood vessels, which leads to their destruction.
Diseases of the iris and vascular inflammation, in some cases leads to thinning of the capillary walls.The vessel loses its elasticity and bursts.
Increased blood pressure in hypertension, atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus are common causes of intraocular hemorrhage.
Tumors that have arisen on the eyeball
Therefore, when diagnosing such a pathology, doctors of other specializations can be involved in the treatment of a patient to treat the underlying disease.
You should not self-medicate and change your doctor’s prescription or stop an early prescribed course of treatment.
In order to correctly assess the nature of intraocular hemorrhage, the ophthalmologist uses the most modern diagnostic tools. These include:
- ultrasound examination;
- Doppler sonography;
During ophthalmoscopy, through the dilated pupil, the retina and the vascular system of the fundus are examined. Ultrasound diagnostics is indispensable for localizing and determining the nature of the tumor that has arisen.
Doppler ultrasound allows you to assess the blood flow rate in the vessels of the eye and the patency of the vessels. Angiography enables the ophthalmologist to examine the vascular system of the retina, down to the smallest capillaries.
For this, a contrast agent is injected intravenously to the patient, which allows you to get a complete picture of the entire vascular system.
Conducting an ultrasound examination of the eyes
The choice of a method for treating ocular hemorrhage depends on its cause.Small hemorrhages between the cornea and the iris (stages I-III) do not require special treatment.
Instillation of corticosteroids and atropine into the damaged eye is allowed.
Stage IV hyphemas may require surgery to remove blood clots that can cause an increase in intraocular pressure.
In case of subconjunctival hemorrhage, no treatment is required, but if it occupies the entire area of the eye membrane, see a doctor.Usually, the following remedies are used to prevent hemorrhage:
- vitamin complexes in the form of capsules or injections;
- intravenous glucose;
- drugs that strengthen the walls of blood vessels;
- haemostatic preparations
Emoxy-Optic eye drops are used for ocular hemorrhage
Vitreous hemorrhage is determined by certain symptoms and during the diagnostic examination. The ophthalmologist first determines the source of the bleeding.After that, the method of treatment is selected.
In the same way, retinal hemorrhage is localized. Most often, laser coagulation of the damaged vessel is used, while the bleeding stops.
After this procedure, no physical activity is allowed so as not to cause new bleeding.
Laser coagulation procedure
In case of ocular hemorrhage, you should immediately stop taking drugs that reduce blood clotting, the most common of which is aspirin.
In order to prevent ocular hemorrhage, simple rules should be followed:
- avoid eye injuries and injuries;
- visit an ophthalmologist regularly;
- Get rid of bad habits.
People with high blood pressure and diabetics should constantly monitor their important parameters.
With single hemorrhages of small size, it is quite enough to give the eyes a long rest, without straining them for a while.If negative symptoms persist for a week or more, then you should definitely consult a doctor.
What is the danger of destruction of the vitreous body and how it is interconnected with hemophthalmus (hemorrhage), this article will tell.
Eye lesions in diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease that poses serious public health problems worldwide. The number of people with diabetes is increasing annually and is currently at least 200 million people.More than 25 thousand people with diabetes mellitus live in the Khabarovsk Territory.
Diabetes is especially dangerous due to the presence of chronic complications. First of all, in diabetes, the retina of the eye is affected, i.e. its inner shell, consisting of optic cells, rods and cones. These ocular complications of diabetes are called diabetic retinopathy and always lead to a significant decrease in vision, and in some cases to complete blindness. Why do these disorders arise – a violation of metabolic processes causes pathological changes in the vessels of the eye, through the wall of which the liquid part of the blood begins to easily penetrate.This contributes to the development of edema of the optic cells. With the progression of the disease, blockage of the retinal capillaries may develop, which leads to a sharp oxygen starvation of the retina and an irreversible decrease in vision. Oxygen starvation of the retina leads to the formation of abnormal pathological, newly formed vessels, which sprouting, contribute to the development of internal bleeding in the eye – hemophthalmos. Their progression causes the growth of connective tissue, which can, in turn, cause retinal detachment.All this can lead to a sharp decrease in visual functions.
The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy is directly related to the duration of diabetes. So if during the first 5 years after the onset of the disease, eye damage occurs only in a small number of patients, then with an experience of diabetes mellitus for more than 20 years, retinopathy is recorded in 80-100% of cases.
The most common methods for assessing the state of the organ of vision in diabetic patients are currently the study of visual acuity and examination of the fundus using a special ophthalmological device – an ophthalmoscope.However, with the very initial changes in the retina, these diagnostic methods do not always allow to fully assess the nature and severity of eye changes in patients with diabetes mellitus.
In recent years, a fundamentally new device for early diagnosis of diabetic eye lesions has appeared – an optical coherence tomograph. The introduction of this method has led to revolutionary changes in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic retinopathy. This examination is a completely harmless, non-contact method that uses light waves to obtain an image of the membranes of the eye.Possessing the highest resolution, the tomograph allows you to measure the thickness of the retina in quantitative order and to reveal the smallest anatomical changes in the layer of optic cells. In addition, an important advantage of the device is the automatic storage of all the images obtained in the computer’s memory, which allows for objective dynamic monitoring of the course of the disease.
What are the types of disorders inherent in diabetic retinopathy?
They can be grouped into five categories, depending on the changes detected: non-proliferative, preproliferative, proliferative stages, severe diabetic eye damage and macular edema.As you can see, the basis of this division in terms of severity is the presence or absence of a proliferative component (it means either the presence of newly formed vessels, or the growth of connective tissue in the eye). And also the reflection of the most functionally significant area of the fundus, which is responsible for high visual acuity – the macula.
In addition, patients with diatbet may develop clouding of the lens – cataract. At the same time, opacities in the lens have a characteristic appearance of snow flakes.
The main method of treatment of diabetic retinopathy worldwide is laser coagulation of the retina. A laser beam is a light beam with a high intensity and a narrow beam. The purpose of this treatment is to coagulate the pathological zones of the retina so that substances toxic to the retina are not produced and the disease does not progress.
This type of treatment is a low-traumatic method of affecting the retina. The operation is performed on an outpatient basis, in one or several sessions and is quite safe.It should be understood that this treatment only stops the deterioration of vision, and there is no return to good vision. It is also very important to understand that a prerequisite for a lasting positive effect of laser coagulation is good diabetes compensation, otherwise the progression of retinopathy will continue.
There is now clear evidence of the benefits of intensive diabetes care to achieve normal glucose and blood pressure levels in preventing the development of vascular complications.In this regard, strict self-monitoring of blood sugar levels and normalization of blood pressure are most important for preserving vision in diabetic patients. So it was found that the level of glycemia not exceeding 6.5 mmol / liter leads to a decrease in the risk of retinal edema by 26%. At the same time, blood sugar levels exceeding 7 mmol / liter on an empty stomach and 9 mmol / liter after meals are already a high risk factor for the development of ocular complications. In addition, most researchers associate the development of diabetic retinopathy with the level of cholesterol and blood lipids.
Depending on the stage of diabetic lesion, methods of laser coagulation of the retina, different in volume and area of influence, are used. So, to eliminate newly formed vessels and eliminate proliferative retinopathy, extensive panretinal coagulation of the retina is usually used. This operation allows you to concentrate blood flow to the central parts of the fundus, and to reduce the stimulating effect of the ischemic process on the formation of defective vessels.
For the treatment of macular edema, small-volume focal laser coagulation is used, which makes it possible to seal the vessels of the central region of the fundus, which leads to a decrease in edema and the deposition of liquid and solid exudates in the retina.This operation reduces the risk of severe visual impairment due to maculopathy by more than 50%.
Given the almost asymptomatic development of retinopathy in the initial stages of the disease, patients with diabetes mellitus need regular assessment of the state of the organ of vision in order to detect early ophthalmic complications. Each patient should regularly visit an ophthalmologist, even in the absence of vision complaints. It is very important that examinations are regularly carried out immediately after the diagnosis is made, due to the fact that retinopathy develops gradually and does not cause visual impairment in the initial stages.When vision decreases so much that the patient begins to notice it, then there is the development of far-reaching stages of retinopathy, effective treatment of which is no longer possible.
In the absence of retinopathy, it is recommended to conduct examinations by an ophthalmologist once a year, with the initial signs of background retinopathy – at least once every 6 months, and if non-proliferative and proliferative stages, hemorrhages in the eye cavity and decreased vision are detected, an urgent examination is required in a specialized ophthalmological institution.
Regular ophthalmological dispensary observation of patients with diabetes, constant monitoring of blood sugar and blood pressure, timely laser treatment will preserve vision and prevent disability and blindness.
90,000 Barley: description of the disease, causes, symptoms, cost of treatment in Moscow
When the hair follicle of the eyelash or sebaceous gland becomes inflamed, barley is diagnosed. If the localization of barley is a lobule of the meibomian gland, it is internal barley.The scientific name for this disease is hordeolum. This is written in the patient’s medical record.
The emergence of barley often occurs suddenly. Every third person faced such a problem, since the disease is widespread. Symptoms are immediately noticeable, because the pathological process is rapidly developing. In most cases, a person who has barley on his eye does not perceive it as a serious problem. However, this is a signal that the immune system has malfunctioned.It follows from this that it is not recommended to leave barley unattended.
It is important to remember that self-medication of pathology can negatively affect the human organs of vision, which are very close to the brain. Any experiments, traditional medicine advice, and so on can end in dire consequences for health.
Basically, the inflammatory process affects one eye. Paired development of pathology is rare. In appearance, a purulent accumulation is similar to an abscess, the localization of which is the edge of the eyelid on the outer side of the eye.With the development of internal barley, which is located on the internal eyelid, the risk of various complications increases.
What are the stages of the disease
There are several stages in the development of the pathological process:
1. Stage of infiltration. This stage is characterized by the appearance of itching and burning on the eyelid. It swells. This process does not take more than three days.
2. Suppuration. In the absence of barley permission, an abscess is formed.It is a round, transparent, white-filled formation.
3. Breakthrough of the abscess. If there is no spontaneous breakthrough of the purulent capsule, this is done by a specialist in the clinic. The release of purulent contents can be observed for several days.
4. Healing. A crust is formed in the place where the barley was previously located. Under such a crust, tissues are regenerated.
Why does the disease
The cause of the appearance of barley is Staphylococcus aureus.It is directly related to pathogenic flora, and is constantly present on the skin or hair of a person. In rare cases, barley appears due to staphylococcus. The reproduction of such microorganisms is directly related to reduced immunity.
It follows that the causes of barley are:
If the body has been exposed to cold for a long time.
Stress, illness, excessive fatigue or physical activity, adherence to an unhealthy diet or a strict diet can negatively affect the functioning of the immune system.
If the body does not receive enough vitamins and minerals.
With diagnosed diabetes mellitus, when the visual organs are not adequately supplied with blood.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, when the body does not absorb nutrients.
If antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is present in the body.
A chronic inflammatory process is taking place in the body. This includes caries, adenoids, tonsillitis.
With a hereditary predisposition.
The organism is infected with helminths.
Lack of good hygiene. Dirty hands can cause an infection to enter the eyelid.
A person wears contact lenses.They are not an independent cause of the occurrence of barley, but if another risk factor is present, an inflammatory process can begin.
In a child, an inflammatory process in the eye develops for similar reasons. However, the course of pathology is more severe. This is because children have an imperfect immune system. Also, the child is hard and restless, because the barley itches, you have to rub your eyes with your hands. This will negatively affect the course of the pathological process.As a result, abscess, phlegmon, blepharitis may develop.
In a child, the inner side of the eyelid is covered with loose fiber, and the inflammatory process rapidly affects the surrounding tissue. If the disease is severe, meningitis may develop. Based on this, parents should immediately contact a medical facility, and not self-medicate barley in a child. In the presence of other pathological processes that have arisen against the background of barley, the child is hospitalized.
Prohibited actions for barley
If barley has formed on the eyelid, a person should remember a number of actions that cannot be performed until the pathology disappears. Namely:
Do not press on the barley in order to squeeze out the purulent mass.
Do not use eye cosmetics throughout the treatment.
Do not use wet eye lotions.
Do not visit saunas, baths.
Do not rub the site of the inflammatory process with your hands.
Do not stay in the cold for a long time. In the absence of such an opportunity, apply a dry, clean bandage to the eye.
Danger of illness
The main danger is misdiagnosis.If the wrong treatment of the inflammatory process is started, barley will be present for a long time. In addition, the body is exhausted. When you try to give out a purulent mass on your own, the risk increases that the spread of pus will occur, which will adversely affect the brain.
In such a situation, the patient is urgently hospitalized. Therefore, it must be remembered that any self-medication is strictly prohibited, as well as squeezing, scratching the sick eye with dirty hands, etc.e. Turning to an experienced and qualified doctor, you can count on making an accurate diagnosis, on the basis of which effective treatment will be started.
Otherwise, the following complications may develop:
1. Relapse of the pathological process. With a weakened name system and inadequate relief of the inflammatory process, the reappearance of barley on the eye will occur.
2. Development of purulent conjunctivitis.The development of such a complication is associated with the spread of infection to the conjunctiva.
3. Formation of a chalazion. It is characterized by the formation of a cyst on the sebaceous gland. This cyst is filled with fluid.
4. Development of phlegmon of the orbit. It is formed when several abscesses merge. In this case, there is an increase in eye pain, swelling of the eyelid, intense discharge of pus. In addition, there is an increase in body temperature, deterioration of vision. It is difficult for a person to move the eyeball due to its protrusion.
5. The cavernous vascular plexus is clogged. The development of such a complication occurs in rare cases. The formation of exophthalmos, eyelid edema, takes place, it acquires a blue tint. A person complains of strong painful sensations in the eye. The protein is bloodshot, and a severe headache appears. Excessive eye fatigue is noted.
6. Development of meningitis. When bacteria spread to the brain, an inflammatory process develops in it.As a result, a person’s body temperature rises, vomiting appears, and the headache intensifies. The risk of coma or death increases.
7. Development of sepsis. When blood poisoning is diagnosed, the patient is likely to die. There is a significant increase in body temperature, the skin becomes covered with a rash, and blood pressure drops rapidly. The patient lacks consciousness, all internal organs and systems cease to function normally.
To quickly get rid of barley on the eye, you must use a comprehensive treatment. The patient may be prescribed the use of drops, ointments based on an antibacterial drug. With a severe course of the pathological process, it is recommended to take medications systematically. If the abscess did not open spontaneously, the patient should go to a medical center, where an experienced doctor will perform an autopsy and sanitation.
Drops.The use of drops for barley of the eye helps to stop the spread of the inflammatory process throughout the eye. The patient may be prescribed to use sofradex, gentamicin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol, ciprolet, chloramphenicol, tobramycin, vigamox. It is necessary to drip the eye three to six times a day. The frequency is determined only by the attending physician.
Eye ointment. Laying the ointment is carried out before bedtime. If you use the ointment during the daytime, it contributes to the deterioration of visual function.The doctor may prescribe the use of erythromycin, tetracycline ointment, as well as colbitation, tobrex, ofloxacin, eubetal. It is recommended that you wash your hands thoroughly before applying ophthalmic ointment. The ointment is applied first to the finger, then the eyelid should be pulled back and the remedy should be put there.
An important point before buying a drug is to clarify that the ointment will be applied to the eyes. There are similar means by which the skin is treated.In such preparations, there is much more active substance, as a result of which you can greatly harm the eye.
Antibacterial drugs. In severe cases of the disease, the doctor prescribes the use of antibacterial agents. They are taken orally. Such a therapeutic measure is indicated when the patient has a weakened immune system, or barley appears in a child. In most cases, doxycycline, ampicillin, amoxiclav, augmentin, azithromycin, sumamed, chemomycin can be prescribed.Treatment with an antibacterial drug lasts at least five days.
Antiseptic treatment. After opening the abscess, the patient needs to rinse the affected eye with an antiseptic. In such cases, furacilin, sodium sulfacil is used. An antiseptic is instilled into the eye, the excess is removed with a sterile swab.
Use of adjunctive therapy. At elevated body temperature, the patient may be prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.This refers to the use of paracetamol, ibuprofen. During treatment, the patient is advised to follow proper nutrition. In addition, you should take vitamins and minerals, brewer’s yeast.
Physiotherapy methods. The patient is prescribed UHF, microwave therapy. Physiotherapy treatments last four to six days.
Floating opacities – “flies” in the eyes
The appearance of floating dots (“flies”) or cloudy eyes for the first time can confuse and even alert.
How do you know if this is a cause for concern? Let’s discuss it!
While some floaters are normal variants, some of them can be a sign of serious problems that need to be discussed with your optician.
What are floaters and why do they appear in the eye?
Floating opacities appear as spots that slowly move into the field of view. Floating opacities often look like:
- small dark spots or particles;
- threads, wires;
90,031 pieces of web.
Floating opacities in the eyes are not an optical illusion. These are small foreign bodies in the vitreous, a gel-like, jelly-like substance that gives the eye the correct shape. Sometimes floating opacities create a shadow on the retina as it moves. This is exactly what you see.
What is the cause of the cloudiness?
In most cases, the cause of floating opacities is age-related changes in the vitreous body.As the eyes age, the vitreous body deteriorates: it becomes more liquid, begins to bend and shifts inside the eyeball, and sometimes the gel-like substance thickens. The shadows of these viscous blobs are what you see.
Floating opacities also occur when the vitreous is detached from the retina. Irritation of the retina during this process often creates “flashes” in the eyes. At the time of separation of the vitreous from the head of the optic nerve, floating opacity in the form of a ring may occur.
Sometimes this separation “pulls” part of the retina behind it. When the retina is detached, blood seeps into the vitreous, which looks like a scattering of small dots and requires immediate specialist intervention.
Bleeding or inflammation of the eye, retinal tears, abnormalities of the blood vessels and other disorders can lead to the appearance of floating opacities in the vitreous humor. Floating opacities can also be small particles of proteins or other substances trapped in the forming eye before birth.
When to contact a specialist
Floating spots and “flashes” are an urgent matter that needs to be addressed to a specialist, especially if they appear suddenly. They often indicate retinal detachment, which can lead to blindness.
During regular check-ups, you should inform your optometrist of any vision changes or eye problems, be it floating flies or otherwise. Floating opacities are sometimes only visible during an ophthalmologic examination, especially if they are located close to the retina.
Treatment of floaters
Most floaters do not require treatment. Many people stop noticing spots or “flies” over time, but at first they cause concern.
If the floaters are very large or there are a lot of them, and this impairs vision, your specialist may recommend surgery or laser therapy to remove them.
Floating haze laser therapy
During laser therapy, the specialist directs a laser beam at the clot in the vitreous body to destroy it, reduce it and make it less visible.
The use of laser therapy for floaters is still experimental and not widely used. While some people experience improvement after laser therapy, others have little or no improvement.
Surgical treatment of floating opacities
Vitrectomy is an operation in which the doctor removes the vitreous through small incisions, replacing it with a special solution to maintain the shape of the eye.Your body will naturally replenish the vitreous space and gradually replace this solution. With the help of vitrectomy, it is not always possible to completely remove floating opacities. After this, new floating spots may form, especially if bleeding or retinal rupture occurs during surgery.
While most floaters are harmless, their sudden onset or flares can be a warning. See a specialist if you have sudden changes in your eyes.Regular examination is also important so that the optician can notice the changes and can help diagnose floaters and other abnormalities in your eyes.
The information in this article is not medical advice and is not a substitute for the prescription of a qualified healthcare professional. If you have any questions, please contact a specialist at the optics salon.
90,000 Hemorrhage in the eye: causes, treatment with drops, medical attention.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage is the leakage of blood from tiny blood vessels located under the thin, transparent membrane (conjunctiva) that covers the white of the eye (sclera).
The accumulation of blood under the conjunctiva leads to redness of the affected area of the sclera. The reddened area may be small, but the entire white of the eye may also be reddened.
Although subconjunctival hemorrhages look intimidating, they usually do not cause any vision problems and go away without treatment within one or two weeks.
However, any redness in the eye should be consulted with an optometrist to determine if the redness is caused by a harmless subconjunctival hemorrhage or a more serious cause such as an eye infection.
WORRY ABOUT BLOOD IN EYE? Find an optometrist nearby .
What causes subconjunctival hemorrhage?
Although it is not always possible to determine the exact cause of subconjunctival hemorrhage, the following factors may contribute to its occurrence:
Use of aspirin or blood thinners 9006
Eye surgery, including LASIK and cataract surgery
Blood clotting disorder
How is subconjunctival hemorrhage treated?
If you are taking aspirin or blood thinners, keep taking them until your doctor tells you otherwise.Tear substitutes can relieve eye pain, but eye drops do not repair damaged blood vessels.
Do not rub your eyes. This can increase the risk of rebleeding and worsen subconjunctival hemorrhage.
How long does subconjunctival hemorrhage last?
In most cases, subconjunctival hemorrhage resolves within 7-10 days. During this time, the affected area may change color, like a bruise.
If there is no noticeable improvement within one week, consult an optometrist.
Page published in November 2020
Page updated April 2021
“I lost my sight because of contact lenses”
- Claire Bates
- BBC News
Photo author, NEW CITIZENSHIP PROJECT
Pidpis to the photo,
Now Irene and Ekkeshis are 36 years old was forced to adapt to the blind eye
When Irene Ekkeshis’s eyes began to itch, at first she thought: come on, it will pass! It did not pass.Soon the pain became unbearable, and the eye stopped seeing. The reason is simply that Ireni touched contact lenses with wet hands.
One Saturday morning in January 2011, Ireni Ekkesis woke up with severe irritation in her right eye. He was very watery. Ireni went to the pharmacy and bought eye drops.
“I thought it was a minor inflammation that would go away by Monday,” she says. “But that evening, I couldn’t even go to the kitchen, because the fluorescent lamps there seemed to me too bright.It was painful to look at them. “
Ekkeshis immediately went to the Moorfield Eye Clinic, where doctors performed a corneal scraping – a procedure in which the top layer of cells is removed from the eyeball. needle. The pain is simply unbearable, although anesthetic was dripped into the eye, “says Ireni.
A few days later, she was informed that she had acanthamoebic keratitis (AK), a rare but serious eye infection caused by microorganisms that are found in the water from the water supply. sea water and swimming pools.
“I felt shock and fear. At that time, I practically lost sight with my right eye – I saw only colors and blurred shapes, as if I were looking into a foggy mirror in the bathroom.”
This disease affects about 125 Britons every year – and most of the cases are associated with contact lenses.
“I did not shower or swim in lenses,” says Ekkeshis. “As I was told, an infection can occur even when you touch the lenses with poorly wiped hands.”
Pidpis to photo,
About 85% of AK cases are associated with wearing contact lenses.
Irenia was twelve years old when she decided to change glasses with thick lenses for contact lenses.
“Probably, this is from teenage shyness,” she says.
At the age of 30, she wore disposable “daily” lenses – the kind that are worn during the day and thrown away in the evening. For a long time she had no problems with them.
But the problem appeared suddenly, and very serious – acanthamoebic keratitis, in which amoeba penetrate into the cornea – the transparent front part of the eye.
At first, Ekkeshis was prescribed antiseptic eye drops, which had to be instilled every hour. The infection was diagnosed at an early stage, the doctors assured, so she should have recovered in a few weeks.
However, her eye did not respond well to the treatment, and since the cornea has the highest concentration of pain receptors in the human body, Irene suffered greatly.
“The infection intensified, and with it the pain,” she says. “Sometimes it became completely unbearable and uncontrollable, even with the most powerful pain relievers.”
She could not work and eventually had to resign as director of a travel agency.
The eye was watery and sore for several months until the doctors managed to curb the infection. By that time, there were already permanent scars on the cornea, and vision with this eye was severely blurred.
How to handle contact lenses?
- Wash and dry your hands before touching the lenses
- Insert lenses before applying makeup
- Cover your eyes when using hairspray or other aerosols
- Do not wear lenses in the pool, jacuzzi, river or sea unless you are wearing sealed swimming goggles
- Do not wear lenses in the shower unless you close your eyes
- Do not wet your lenses with saliva
In May 2013, Ekkeshis underwent a corneal transplant, which was reportedly successful.
“How joyful it was for the first time in a long time to see with both eyes!” – she recalls.
However, after ten days, she noticed that vision in her right eye was blurred again: “The examination confirmed that AK had spread to a new transplant. It all started in the second circle. I was desperate.”
Photo author, Science Photo Library
Pidpis to photo,
Acanthamebic keratitis leaves scars on the surface of the eye
In 2014, she underwent a second corneal transplant.
“The eye stabilized and didn’t hurt anymore,” she says.
However, something happened to the retina, and she completely lost sight in this eye. According to doctors, this problem was also a consequence of AK inflammation – and, unfortunately, vision is unlikely to be restored.
Ill, Ekkeshis discovered that none of her family and friends – many of whom use lenses – knew of the dangers of coming into contact with tap water. Therefore, she decided to start an information campaign.
As it turned out, there is a brochure that mentions this – however, it is usually not included in packaging with contact lenses, so this information rarely reaches consumers.
Ekkeshis has sent a request to the British Contact Lens Association as to why these warnings are missing on the boxes. She was told that there was simply not enough space. Then she herself developed the compact stickers “Avoid contact with water!”
“Only then did the members of the Association understand the seriousness of my intentions and supported me.We printed these stickers and distributed them to doctors and lens retailers to stick them on boxes, “she says. many professional conferences and in particular attracted the attention of the American Academy of Optometry, after which the campaign spread to the US
She hopes that someday the mark “Avoid contact with water!”
Having gained valuable experience from this campaign, Ekkeshis founded the New Citizenship Project.
“Our goal is to empower people to participate actively in society. When you feel like a citizen and think like a citizen, you feel the power to make a difference,” she says.
Why do lenses increase the risk of AK?
- Microscopic scratches often appear on the eye due to wearing contact lenses, which makes it vulnerable to infection
- Contact lenses first act as a carrier on which microorganisms enter the eye, and then provide them with a “protective cover”.The surface of the contact lenses is very comfortable for acanthamoeb
Source : Journal of Optometry (2009)
Ireni is now 36 years old and had to adapt to her blind eye.
“You have to learn little tricks that make everyday life easier. For example, if I go out to dinner with friends, I sit with my right side against the wall so that I can see everyone,” she says.