Eye

Eye allergies treatment natural: The request could not be satisfied

Содержание

5 Holistic Allergy Remedies – Raleigh Eye Care

March 05, 2019

5 Natural Ways to Combat Spring Allergies

Earlier, we wrote a post about treating eye allergies, but we are aware that many people prefer natural remedies to over-the-counter medicines. Below are some holistic ways to treat your eye allergies this spring.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

A tablespoon of apple cider vinegar can help reduce mucus production and cleanse your lymphatic system. If you’re tough, you can swallow the vinegar as it is, undiluted; but for a more palatable option, try adding a tablespoon of vinegar and a bit of honey to a cup of hot water.

2. Local Honey

Allergies occur when your body registers a substance like pollen or cat hair as a threat, like a virus. Symptoms like a runny nose and watery eyes are your body’s attempt to flush the foreign substance from your system. You can help your body learn that local grasses and pollen aren’t deadly by ingesting small doses of it, sort of like a natural vaccine. Since bees produce honey from what’s around you, local honey likely contains trace amounts of the pollen that’s affecting you.

3. Exercise (Indoors)

Yes, working out is probably the last thing you want to do when you feel crummy. However, it really can help: researchers have found that moderate to intense activity for just 30 minutes can result in substantial allergy relief. This is most likely because exercise produces an anti-inflammatory effect in your nasal passages, helping to naturally relieve allergy symptoms. If you decide to go this route, be sure to workout indoors so as to reduce your pollen exposure.

4. Probiotics

In some cases, allergy symptoms are a result of having an imbalanced immune system. This can cause you to have a more severe reaction to foreign stimuli like pollen, dust, and grass. Probiotics give your immune system a boost by introducing beneficial bacteria into your digestive tract. A good source of probiotics can be found in fermented foods like kimchi and kombucha.

5. Nettle Leaf

Nettle leaf can help naturally block your body’s ability to produce histamine, which will reduce itching and swelling. While you may be able to find nettle leaf grown locally, it’s usually easier to buy it in capsules or by the leaf. Steep it with peppermint leaves and a small amount of honey to create an herbal tea that will be as tasty as it is beneficial.

Need Professional Raleigh Eye Care? Stop by Raleigh Eye Center

Itchy, runny, watery eyes may also be a sign of an infection or other eye issue. If you are concerned about the health of your eyes, be sure to visit our Raleigh optometry office today. To book a Raleigh eye care appointment, give us a call here.



Natural Remedies for Allergies

There is an array of natural remedies for allergies, many of which may help alleviate the severity of symptoms. While most have only anecdotal support, limited scientific research indicates that some—such as acupuncture, nasal irrigation, exercise, and certain herbs—may help either reduce allergy attacks or provide some relief from allergy symptoms.

Verywell / Ellen Lindner

Given the impact on quality of life that allergies can have, it’s understandable to be interested in any treatment that might help reduce your symptoms. But if you’re considering a natural remedy, it’s best to run the idea by your doctor first, as some may pose notable risks. Never reduce or discontinue an allergy medication you may currently be taking unless directed to do so by your physician.

No natural remedy is effective in the event of an allergic emergency such as anaphylaxis.

Exercise

Getting regular exercise and physical activity can help alleviate allergic reactions, including respiratory allergies, although it isn’t quite clear why. In moderation, exercise is not harmful to people who have allergies and, of course, offers many health benefits.

What the Research Shows

One study looking at the effects of exercise on adults with respiratory allergies found participants who took part in winter exercises in moderately cold alpine conditions, such as a four-hour hiking/snowshoeing tour or a day of skiing, experienced diminished allergy symptoms, an improvement in breathing tests, and a decrease in inflammatory allergy markers both the day after exercise and 60 days later. 

How It’s Used

People with allergies can follow the exercise recommendations for the general population. This includes at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week. These activities include walking, running, cycling, treadmill exercise, swimming, and more.

Warnings and Side Effects

Discuss your exercise plans with your doctor (especially if you also have asthma or exercise-induced asthma), and adhere to any medical restrictions you may have. It’s wise to gradually increase your exercise as you build your endurance.

In addition, if you have pollen allergies, take note of pollen levels before heading outside.

Nasal Irrigation

Nasal irrigation, also called nasal rinse or saline lavage, is often used by people who have allergies with respiratory symptoms. It is an at-home remedy that involves using sterile saltwater to clear nasal passages.

What the Research Shows

Research suggests nasal irrigation can help reduce allergy symptoms, facilitating breathing and sleep.

How It’s Used

You can perform nasal irrigation daily, or even several times a day, to relieve symptoms of congestion. You can try a nasal rinse by purchasing a kit and following instructions.

One method is to use a neti pot with a saline solution. You pour the solution from the pot in one nostril and the solution drains from the other nostril. A squeeze bottle or bulb syringe can also be used.

In some situations, a nasal rinse may be performed in the hospital during an inpatient admission, especially for young children with severe respiratory reactions.

Warnings and Side Effects

Only use distilled water or boiled water for nasal irrigation. There have been cases of amoeba infection due to the use of contaminated tap water in nasal irrigation. Also be sure to clean the device after each use. It’s best to wait an hour or more after nasal irrigation before going to bed, to be sure the saline has drained completely from your sinuses and to prevent cough.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to allergies, including allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, eczema, and anaphylaxis. This vitamin has a role in regulating immune system cells and the release of chemicals that can produce allergy symptoms.

What the Research Shows

Several studies suggest vitamin D supplementation may reduce inflammation and allergic reactions. In particular, a small study showed that vitamin D-deficient participants who took vitamin D supplements along with antihistamines experienced an improvement in allergy symptoms after eight weeks.

There is no evidence, however, that taking vitamin D alone without medication would have the same effect. And it isn’t clear whether taking supplements is helpful for people who already have optimal levels of vitamin D.

Another study found that response to allergy immunotherapy in relieving allergic rhinitis was better in subjects with optimal vitamin D levels, and worse in those who were deficient in vitamin D.

How It’s Used

If you have been diagnosed as being deficient in vitamin D, your doctor will recommend appropriate supplementation. Each person has different needs, in part based on skin color and amount of sun exposure.

If you are not deficient in vitamin D, the general recommendation from the Institute of Medicine for most people between 1 and 70 is 600 international units (IUs) of vitamin D daily, and 800 IUs of vitamin D daily after age 70.

Warnings and Side Effects

It is possible to take too much vitamin D, which raises the blood levels of calcium and can result in kidney stones and calcium deposits in the heart and other organs. Exposure to sunlight also raises vitamin D levels, but precautions should be taken to avoid lengthy exposure, which can lead to skin cancer or sunburn.

Acupuncture

The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation recommends acupuncture for those who want a nonpharmacological treatment for allergic rhinitis.

Acupuncture is a healing practice that originated in China over 5,000 years ago. It involves stimulating meridian points on the body with needles, pressure, or electrical probes. This is believed to direct energy within the body.

What the Research Shows

Although acupuncture has been used to treat allergies, there have been no large, randomized controlled trials to verify its efficacy for this purpose.

However, a large systematic review consolidated the results of several studies that assessed the effects of acupuncture on allergic rhinitis. The results suggested acupuncture can improve quality of life for people who have allergies, but the mechanism for the overall improvement is not clear. The procedure was found to be safe and without adverse effects.

How It’s Used

Acupuncture is often used as a complementary therapy in addition to other forms of allergy treatment. In visiting an acupuncturist, a person would get a series of weekly or twice-weekly treatments for several weeks, and then follow-up treatments as needed.

Warnings and Side Effects

Acupuncture is generally regarded as safe, and side effects are not expected. However, it is best to look for a practitioner who is licensed, certified, or registered as required by your state.

Butterbur

The herb butterbur (Petasites hybridus) is a shrub-like plant that grows in northern Asia, Europe, and parts of North America. Extracts made from the herb have been used in folk medicine for ailments such as migraine headache, stomach cramps, cough, allergic rhinitis, and asthma.

What the Research Shows

The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health notes that some studies suggest root or leaf extracts of butterbur may help relieve allergic rhinitis (hay fever), but it has not been found to be useful for asthma or allergic skin reactions.

How It’s Used

Commercial butterbur extracts, made from the roots or leaves of the plant, are available in capsule or tablet form to be taken by mouth. The supplement typically is taken two to four times a day for a week or longer, especially during allergy season.

Warnings and Side Effects

Side effects of butterbur may include indigestion, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation. Butterbur is in the ragweed plant family, so people who are allergic to ragweed, marigold, daisy, or chrysanthemum should avoid butterbur and products that contain it.

Do not take the raw butterbur herb on its own or as a tea, extract, or capsule. It contains substances called pyrrolizidine alkaloids that can be toxic to the liver and kidneys and may cause cancer.

Women who are pregnant or nursing, children, and people with kidney or liver disease should not take butterbur in any form.

Quercetin

Quercetin is an antioxidant shown to reduce inflammatory cells and proteins, especially in skin.  It is found naturally in foods such as apples (with the skin on), berries, red grapes, red onions, capers, and black tea. It is also available in supplement form. Some people use it for allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and asthma.

What the Research Shows

In the lab, quercetin inhibits the release of histamine, a major component of allergic reactions. It can also inhibit the formation of IgE antibodies, another component of the allergic response. It is chemically related to the existing anti-allergy drug cromolyn sodium.

Although quercetin has potential for the development for allergy and asthma therapy, research has largely been limited to its effects in the test tube or in animal studies, without clinical studies of humans. There is some evidence, however, that it may help reduce the effects of allergies that manifest with skin reactions, such as atopic dermatitis.

How It’s Used

There are numerous dietary sources of quercetin. Quercetin is also available as a nutritional supplement in tablet or capsule form. A typical dose for allergies and hay fever is between 200 milligrams (mg) and 400 mg three times a day.

Warnings and Side Effects

At doses of quercetin above 1 gram per day, there is a risk of kidney damage. Quercetin should be avoided by people with kidney disease, as well as people who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats found in a variety of foods. Research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the production of inflammatory chemicals in the body.

What the Research Shows

Omega-3 fatty acid supplements have been shown in research to reduce some of the effects of asthma and atopic dermatitis, although many studies are on animal models or in the test tube.

Another area of research is in whether maternal prenatal supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids (especially fish oil supplements) can reduce atopic dermatitis and food allergies in infants. There have been some positive findings, but this research is still very preliminary.

How It’s Used

Common sources of omega-3 fatty acids include the following.

  • Flaxseed oil: 1 tablespoon two to three times a day
  • Walnuts: 1 ounce (14 halves) a day
  • Fish oil capsules: 1 to 1.2 grams of EPA and DHA per day

Warnings and Side Effects

Side effects of fish oil may include indigestion and a fishy aftertaste. Fish oil has a mild “blood-thinning” effect. If you are taking Coumadin (warfarin) or heparin, or are at risk of bleeding complications, do not take fish oil without consulting a doctor. Fish oil should not be taken two weeks before or after surgery.

Stinging Nettle

Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is an herb that may reduce the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

What the Research Shows

One randomized double-blind clinical trial in humans found that stinging nettle seemed to reduce allergy symptoms, and there were some changes in clinical measures such as eosinophil counts (a type of white blood cell involved in allergic reactions) in nasal smears. However, these are very preliminary findings, and more study is needed.

How It’s Used

Stinging nettle can be used as a tea. Extracts may be found in a variety of supplements for allergy support.

Warnings and Side Effects

As stinging nettle has diuretic properties, it should not be used unless you consult your doctor, especially if you are taking diuretics for fluid retention.

Probiotics and Prebiotics

Probiotics are live organisms that colonize the gastrointestinal system and modulate digestion and the immune response. Prebiotics are non-digestible oligosaccharides that encourage the growth of probiotic bacteria. Added to infant formula, they may help modulate immune responses.

Research has been conducted as to whether maternal supplementation with probiotics during pregnancy and breastfeeding can reduce the risk of eczema (atopic dermatitis) in infants who are most at risk for this allergic condition.

What the Research Shows

The World Allergy Organization (WAO) notes that although the evidence is of low quality, they recommend probiotic use by pregnant or breastfeeding women whose infant would be at high risk of developing an allergy, as well as probiotic use by those infants.

The WAO found that the evidence for using prebiotics is of low quality, but for infants who are not exclusively breastfed, supplementing with prebiotics may be considered. They note that there are no studies of supplementing pregnant or breastfeeding women, so they make no recommendation for maternal use of prebiotics.

How It’s Used

Probiotics are available in a variety of forms, including supplemental drinks, kefir, yogurt, and capsules. Prebiotics are found in fermented foods. They are also available in tablets, capsules, and chewable products.

Warnings and Side Effects

Probiotics and prebiotics are generally safe. But if you are sensitive to dairy products or other possible ingredients, check for sources that are safest for you.

Black Cumin Seed Oil

Black cumin seed oil (Nigella sativa) has several active chemical compounds, including thymoquinone, that some evidence suggests may help in relieving symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

What the Research Shows

Research in animals has shown that black cumin seed oil extract can inhibit the degranulation of mast cells, which release inflammatory compounds that drive allergic reactions.

Further research has been done with human subjects. In one study of people with allergic rhinitis, exposure to black cumin seed oil by smelling it or rubbing it on the forehead was useful in reducing nasal mucosal congestion, nasal itching, runny nose, and sneezing attacks.

Another study used black cumin seed oil in the form of nasal drops to treat allergic rhinitis. A six-week treatment course showed good results in relieving symptoms.

How It’s Used

Black cumin seed oil is sold in capsules as well as in bulk oil form. It can be taken as a supplement once or twice a day. Or, as in the studies of rhinitis, it can be rubbed on the skin, smelled, or applied as nose drops.

Warnings and Side Effects

Studies have found no significant side effects for black seed oil. However, there is always the possibility of a skin reaction when applied topically. Test a small amount on your skin before using it consistently, and continue to monitor your skin for reactions while using it for any length of time.

Supplement Safety

Supplements aren’t always tested for quality and are largely unregulated, so the content of a product may differ from what’s listed on its label. Safety for certain individuals (e.g., nursing mothers, those taking medications, etc.) is also not established.

To ensure that what’s on the label is indeed what you are getting, opt for supplements that have been voluntarily submitted for testing by an independent certifying body like U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP), ConsumerLab, or NSF International. Brands certified organic by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) can also reduce your risk of exposure to unwanted chemicals and pesticides.

Always talk to your doctor before taking a supplement for allergies or any other concern, and learn how to choose and use supplements safely.

A Word From Verywell

Don’t forget about the most effective natural allergy remedy of all—steering clear of your allergens (harmless substances that induce the inflammatory response of an allergy attack) whenever possible. While this may seem obvious and (in some cases) is relatively simple, the effect of your efforts can be tremendous if you know what your allergens are.

Home Remedies for Eye Allergies? Don’t Risk It!

Allergies are weird. There is still a lot we don’t know about them. For example, allergies can develop in adults over time and no one knows why. You could have gone years without suffering an allergy and then one day, you’re in a field sniffling and suffering.


What Causes Allergic Reactions?

Grass pollen is the most common allergen, which affects sufferers at the specific times of the year when grass pollen is released. Grass pollinates between May  and July, for example. However, some people become allergic to tree or weed and shrub pollens, and will therefore be affected at different times of the year.

Some people find that they are getting symptoms at different times of the year because they are becoming sensitive to tree pollen, particularly to birch pollen. You can be different to a variety of difference kinds of pollen, which is why you don’t always suffer when you go out in summer.

The most common causes of allergic reactions are:

  • pollen from trees, flowers and grasses
  • proteins secreted from house dust mites (not just dust, like people think)
  • foods such as peanuts, tree nuts, milk and eggs
  • pets including: cats, dogs, horses, rabbits and guinea pigs
  • mould
  • insect venom from wasps and bees
  • medicines such as anaesthetics

But there are two things we do know about allergies…

Histamine is what causes the itchy, stinging sensation in your eyes and nose, and that putting things in your eyes (that isn’t a contact lens, or  of course!) is dangerous.

Histamine is a chemical released when the body detects something harmful, such as an infection. It causes blood vessels to expand and the skin to swell, which helps protect the body.

People who suffer allergies have bodies that mistake something harmless, such as pollen, for a threat. It then produces histamine, which causes symptoms such as rashes, a runny nose and/or sneezing.

Antihistamines help stop this happening if you take them before you come into contact with the substance you’re allergic to. Or they can reduce the severity of symptoms if taken afterwards.

Due to concerns over possible side effects, some people with allergies look for ways to address hay fever symptoms “naturally”. However, it is important to remember that any medication can have side effects, even if it’s considered natural.


Eye Allergy Home Remedies

Raw Honey

Raw honey contains traces of pollen. The theory is that by ingesting it, you’ll build up a resistance to the effects of pollen. Ingesting honey is fine, but mixing it into a solution and putting it in your eye is not recommended.

Castor Oil

Some people recommend using castor oil to remove make up and even use as an eye drop to relieve the effects of hay fever. This is definitely not recommended. Castor oil dries out your eyes, potentially causing more harm than good.

Acupuncture

The problem with acupuncture is the lack of scientific support for its results. There are cases of acupuncture treating eye allergies, but they are from groups with no relevant sample size.

Butterbur Supplements

Along with nettles and similar plants, there are a range of plants and roots that claim to reduce the symptoms of eye allergies. Like acupuncture, none of these have been proven to a level of sufficient scientific scrutiny to be advised and should not be administered through the eye.


Don’t Risk It!

Aside from home remedies, options can also include alternative and complementary medicine. The downside to these treatments can be that there’s little supporting evidence to prove that they’re safe or effective. The correct dosing may also be difficult to determine or achieve.

Although these alternative treatments are derived from plants and other natural substances, they can possibly interact with medications, as well as cause reactions.

The best thing a home remedy can do is help flush pollen out your eyes and reduce swelling. Antihistamines actively prevent histamine from being produced in your body. This stops a reaction occurring before it even starts. So don’t risk the weird and wonderful… #loveyoureyes by giving them tried and tested solutions.

5 Tips To Find Relief For Itchy Allergy Eyes

Do you have red, itchy eyes?

If you’re suffering from eye allergies, you’re not alone.

An estimated 1 in 5 Americans deals with the annoyance of eye allergies, or ocular allergies also known as allergic conjunctivitis. While the symptoms caused by eye allergies can be bothersome, they almost never present a permanent threat to eyesight.

However, it’s important to note that itching, redness, burning sensations and puffiness can also be signs of infection. In cases of infection, see your doctor if the symptoms don’t improve with time or with treatment such as over-the-counter remedies.

If you think you may have eye allergies, here are some helpful tips on how to get relief from your red, itchy, and watery eyes.

  1. Avoiding allergens: Keep an eye on pollen count forecasts. If the count is going to be high, consider staying indoors. Replacing the filters in the air conditioner and/or furnace will help trap allergens while creating a more comfortable environment.
  2. Resist the temptation to rub itchy eyes! While rubbing itchy eyes may feel natural, the contact to the eyes will actually release more histamine and aggravate the symptoms. In other words, rubbing itchy eyes may make the problem worse.
  3. Remove your contacts: Did you know that the surface of contact lenses can attract and accumulate airborne allergens? Allergy season may be a good time to break out that forgotten pair of glasses. Also, consider switching to disposable lenses. This way, your contacts aren’t accumulating allergens over a period of days.
  4. Over-the-counter eye drops: Your local pharmacy has many types of over-the-counter eye drops that may provide relief for your red, watery, and itchy eyes. This approach isn’t only convenient, but also budget friendly. Your doctor can help you find the best brand for your symptoms.
  5. Prescription medications: If eye drops are not providing relief for moderate to severe, symptoms, it may be a good time to talk to your doctor about what prescription options are available.

Eye Allergies: Itchy, Watery, Swollen, Red Eyes



  1. What Causes Eye Allergies
  2. Eye Allergy Relief
  3. Eye Allergies And Contact Lenses

Eye allergies — red, itchy, watery eyes that are bothered by the same irritants that cause sneezing and a runny nose among seasonal allergy sufferers — are very common.

In addition to having symptoms of sneezing, congestion and a runny nose, most of these allergy sufferers also experience itchy eyes, watery eyes, red eyes and swollen eyelids.

In some cases, eye allergies also can play a role in conjunctivitis (pink eye) and other eye infections.

If you think you have eye allergies, here are a few things you should know — including helpful tips on how to get relief from your red, itchy, watery eyes.

What causes eye allergies

Common allergens include pollen, animal dander and mold.

Allergens are normally harmless substances that cause problems for individuals who are predisposed to allergic reactions. The most common airborne allergens that cause eye allergies are pollen, mold, dust and pet dander.

Eye allergies also can be caused by reactions to certain cosmetics or eye drops, including artificial tears used for treating dry eyes that contain preservatives.

Food allergies and allergic reactions to bee stings or other insect bites typically do not affect the eyes as severely as airborne allergens do.

Eye allergy relief

To get relief from your eye allergies and itchy, watery eyes, you can take a few approaches:

Avoid allergens

The best approach to controlling your eye allergy symptoms is to do everything you can to limit your exposure to common allergens that you know you are sensitive to.

For example, on days when the pollen count is high, stay indoors as much as possible, with the air conditioner running to filter the air. Use high quality furnace filters that can trap common allergens and replace the filters frequently.

When you do go outdoors during allergy season, wear wraparound sunglasses to help shield your eyes from pollen, ragweed, etc., and drive with your windows closed.

Remove your contacts

Because the surface of contact lenses can attract and accumulate airborne allergens, consider wearing glasses instead of contacts during allergy season. Or consider switching to daily disposable contacts that you discard after a single use to avoid the buildup of allergens and other debris on your lenses.

Often, the best choice if allergies are bothering your eyes is to discontinue wearing contacts altogether — at least until all your allergy symptoms are gone. Also, wearing eyeglasses with photochromic lenses can reduce allergy-related sensitivity to light and can help shield your eyes from airborne allergens.

Use eye drops

Because eye allergies are so common, there are many brands of non-prescription eye drops available that are formulated to relieve itchiness, redness and watery eyes caused by allergies.

If your eye allergy symptoms are relatively mild, non-prescription eye drops for allergy relief may work very well for you and may be less expensive than prescription eye drops or other medication. Ask your eye doctor to recommend a brand to try.

Ask about prescription medications

If your allergy symptoms are relatively severe or over-the-counter eye drops are ineffective at providing relief, you may need your eye doctor to prescribe a stronger medication.

Prescription eye drops and oral medications used to relieve eye allergies include:

Antihistamines

Part of the body’s natural allergic response is the release of histamine, a substance that dilates blood vessels and making the walls of blood vessels abnormally permeable.

Symptoms caused by histamine include a runny nose and itchy, watery eyes.

Antihistamines reduce allergic reactions by blocking the attachment of histamine to cells in the body that produce an allergic response.

Decongestants

Decongestants help shrink swollen nasal passages for easier breathing. They also reduce the size of blood vessels on the white (sclera) of the eye to relieve red eyes. 

Common decongestants include phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine. Combination drugs are available that contain both an antihistamine and a decongestant.

Mast cell stabilizers

These medications cause changes in histamine-containing cells located in tissues throughout the body, including the conjunctiva of the eye and eyelids that prevent them from releasing of histamine and related mediators of allergic reactions.

Because it may take several weeks for the full effects of mast cell stabilizers to take effect, these medications are best used before allergy season starts as a method to prevent or reduce the severity of future allergic reactions (rather than to treat acute allergic symptoms that already exist).

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Also called NSAIDs, these eye drops can be prescribed to decrease swelling, inflammation and other symptoms associated with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (also called hay fever).

Steroids

Corticosteroid eye drops are sometimes prescribed to provide relief from acute eye allergy symptoms. But potential side effects of long-term use of these medications include high eye pressure, glaucoma and cataracts, so they typically are prescribed for short-term use only.

Inquire about immunotherapy

If none of the above measures are effective, ask your doctor about immunotherapy. This is a treatment where an allergy specialist injects you with small amounts of allergens to help you gradually build up immunity and thereby decrease allergic reactions.

Eye allergies and contact lenses

Red, itchy, watery eyes are the distinctive signs and symptoms of allergies.

Contact lens discomfort is a common complaint during allergy season, leading some wearers to question whether they are becoming allergic to contact lenses.

The issue of being allergic to contacts also comes up from time to time when a person starts wearing silicone hydrogel contact lenses after successfully wearing standard soft (hydrogel) contact lenses and experiences allergy-like symptoms.

Studies have shown that the culprit behind eye allergies associated with contact lens wear is not an allergic reaction to the contact lens itself, but to substances that accumulate on the surface of the lenses.

In the case of switching from regular soft contacts to silicone hydrogel lenses, the surface and chemical characteristics of the lens material may attract lens deposits more readily than the previous lens material, causing discomfort.

Visit an eye doctor

Many eye doctors believe the best type of soft contact lenses for people prone to eye allergies are daily disposable lenses that are discarded after a single use, which decreases the buildup of allergens and other debris on the lens surface.

Silicone hydrogel often is the preferred lens material for these lenses, because it allows significantly more oxygen to pass through the lens, compared with conventional soft contact lens materials.

The only way to know for sure if you have eye allergies and to get the best treatment advice is to see an eye doctor for a comprehensive eye exam.

THINK YOU HAVE EYE ALLERGIES? Find an eye doctor near you.

Page published in March 2019

Page updated in January 2021

Allergic Conjunctivitis On The Rise: 6 Best Home Remedies

Allergic conjunctivitis is characterised with the inflammation of the eyes

Highlights

  • Allergic conjunctivitis risk in kids and adults is rising in Delhi NCR
  • Allergic conjunctivitis is caused when a dust particle enters the eye
  • Symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness and swelling of the eye

Summer in Delhi has brought with itself dust particles and pollution. When our body comes in contact with dust particles, it becomes prone to various allergic diseases. Allergic conjunctivitis refers to an allergic reaction of the eyes due to these particles present in the air. With the rise of pollution in Delhi NCR, the incidence of allergic conjunctivitis has also increased. The ophthalmologist say that children are more prone to such allergies during this season. The doctors suggest that the best way to prevent any such disease is to first and foremost take care of our eyes. Allergic conjunctivitis, more commonly known as pink eye, is characterised with the inflammation of the eyes. The inner part of the eyelid, known as the conjunctiva is susceptible to allergens like pollen grains and dust particles. When a foreign substance hampers with the conjunctiva, the immune system of the body releases antibodies which can lead to an allergic reaction like conjunctivitis. Symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness, itching and watering of the eyes, thus the name pink eye. Some people with hay fever may also develop allergic conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious, but it usually affects both the eyes at the same time. During such conditions, if we are unable to prevent the disease, we should know how to get rid of it.

 

Allergic conjunctivitis refers to an allergic reaction of the eyes due to these particles present in the air

Also read: 6 Eye Allergies You Should Be Aware Of

Here are 6 effective home remedies that can help you treat allergic conjunctivitis:

1. Cold compress

A cold compress is a comfort measure that can provide immediate relief. Use one or more small pieces of linen cloth and dip it in ice cold water. Remove the excess water from the cloth and apply it on your eyes. This can help you reduce itchiness and swelling caused due to the foreign substance that has entered the eyes. Repeat this several times for at least 5-10 minutes. It is advised to use different cloth pieces for both the eyes to avoid the infection from increasing.

 

Ice pack or cold compress can help reduce imflammation
Photo Credit: iStock

2. Saline solution

Washing your eyes with saline solution is an effective home remedy against allergic conjunctivitis. Saline solution is a mixture of common salt and water. Use saline solution as an eyewash. Saline solution helps minimise inflammation and irritation in the eyes. Make sure you don’t use hot saline solution which can cause more harm to your eyes than good.

Also read: 6 Miraculous Health Benefits Of Epsom Salt You Didn’t Know

3. Rose water

Rose water has anti-inflammatory and soothing properties. A few drops of rose water a day in the infected eye for 2-3 days can help you treat allergic conjunctivitis. You can also put cotton balls dipped in rose water over your eyes. This will help you with the irritation. Rose water is cool and soothing for the eyes, and helps to get rid of the dust particle that caused allergic conjunctivitis in the first place.

 

Rose water has cooling and soothing properties

4. Aloe vera gel

Aloe vera consists of compounds such as aloin and amodin that have anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. These properties make aloe vera gel an important and effective home remedy for allergic conjunctivitis. Aloe vera also helps to reduce inflammation and speeds up the healing process against the allergy caused due to dust particles. It is advised to apply aloe vera gel around the infected area when you notice the symptoms of conjunctivitis. Aloe vera does not have any adverse effects on the cornea of the eye.

Also read: 4 Health Benefits Of Aloe Vera You Didn’t Know

5. Turmeric

Turmeric powder has many known healing properties. It is also effective against allergic conjunctivitis. Turmeric can help reduce inflammation in the eyes. It has antibacterial properties that prevent any further infection in the eye. Soak a piece of cotton or cloth to a pot of boiled turmeric water. Use the soaked cloth piece as a warm compress to treat allergic conjunctivitis.

 

Turmeric powder has many known healing properties

Read also: Benefits Of Turmeric: Use This Magical Golden Spice For Easing Arthritis Pain

6. Chamomile tea

Chamomile tea can be used as a cold compress or an eyewash. It provides relief from swelling and itchiness in the eye. Use two tea bags of chamomile tea and leave them on for 5 minutes in a cup of hot water. Refrigerate the tea bags and apply them as a cold compress over the eyes. For faster recovery, do this for 3-4 times a day for 2-3 days. The anti-microbial properties of chamomile tea make it an effective home remedy for allergic conjunctivitis.

Also read: Tulsi Tea: 7 Amazing Health Benefits

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information. 

Waiting for response to load…

Red itchy eyes: The best remedies and treatments for eye allergies

Suffering from red itchy eyes?

People usually associate allergies with a stuffy nose and sneezing. Yet your nose isn’t the only thing that’s hit during an allergy attack.

The medical term for an eye allergy is allergic conjunctivitis. This is a condition affecting an estimated 30% of the general population.

Swollen eyes can happen when your eyes come into contact with allergens. Allergens are everywhere, whether you’re out in the spring air or cleaning a dusty room.

Many people cope with eye allergies without seeking help. Yet, there are medications to help with allergic conjunctivitis. Red itchy eyes are also something you can consult your healthcare provider about.

If you’re suffering from eye allergies, read on for the best remedies and treatments.

Allergic Conjunctivitis and Causes

Allergic conjunctivitis is an adverse immune response. It occurs when an irritating substance or allergen comes into contact with your eyes.

Your immune system defends the body from pathogens, like bacteria and viruses. However, it does this to prevent illnesses.

People with allergies have an immune system that mistakes allergens as dangerous substances. This makes the immune system produce chemicals to fight the allergen. It does this even though the allergen might be harmless.

You may get an allergic reaction when you come in contact with seasonal allergens. You may also react to dust, dander from pets, and other indoor allergens. These may cause chronic or perennial conjunctivitis.

Perfume, makeup, or other chemicals can also trigger eye allergies called contact conjunctivitis. Contact lenses can also cause an allergic reaction called giant papillary conjunctivitis

The immune system reacts to these allergens by releasing histamine. This causes an allergic reaction‘s uncomfortable symptoms like red itchy watery eyes. It can also cause sneezing, runny nose, and coughing.

Symptoms

Most people with allergic conjunctivitis will suffer the symptoms in both eyes. Symptoms may appear immediately after the eyes come into contact with an allergen. In other cases, allergies caused by eye drops lead to symptoms appearing after 2-4 days.

The small blood vessels in the conjunctiva widen when the eyes become irritated, making the eye look pinkish or reddish. It can also cause the eyes to become itchy.

However, rubbing the eyes to take care of the itchiness will only make it worse. It can also cause you to feel pain around the eye later on. It can also cause the area around the eye to become inflamed.

The eye area may also feel sore and tender because of inflammation. If the eyes become painful, sensitive to light, and vision gets affected, see a doctor at once.

Some people have seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. They’ll experience symptoms at certain times of the year. Usually, this will be from early spring into summer or sometimes into fall.

Meanwhile, some people have perennial allergic conjunctivitis. They’re susceptible at any time of the year and might find symptoms worse at certain times of the day.

Remedies and Treatments

There are home remedies and over-the-counter or prescription medications for treating eye allergies. Remember to check with your doctor or ophthalmologist before trying stronger treatments.

Wash Your Face/Rinse Out the Eyes

This is one of the first things you should do when you come into contact with an allergen. If you can, rinse out your eyes with a little water. This will help loosen and wash away allergens on your skin, eyelashes, around the eyes, and in your eyes.

Cold Compress

A cold-water compress can have a soothing effect on your eyes. It can also relieve the itching and minimize the redness.

The simplest method is taking a clean cloth and soaking it in cold water. Apply it to your closed eyes for a few minutes. You can use this home remedy as much as needed.

Eye Drops

Eye allergies are very common that there are plenty of brands selling eye drops in the market. They’re constructed to relieve watery eyes, redness, and eye itching caused by allergies.

Non-prescription eye drops may help alleviate mild eye allergy symptoms. They are also cheaper than prescription eye drops and other medications.

Make sure you ask your doctor for recommended brands to try. You can try to find them in this online pharmacy.

Antihistamines

There can be cases when your allergy symptoms are more severe. Over-the-counter eye drops may be ineffective in relieving your red itchy eyes.

When this happens, you might need your doctor to give you a stronger medication. One such medication is antihistamines.

Releasing histamines is part of the body’s natural allergic response. It dilates blood vessels and makes the blood vessel walls abnormally permeable. Histamine is what causes symptoms like watery, itchy eyes and a runny nose.

Antihistamines block the attachment of histamines to the body’s cells. This prevents your body from creating an allergic response. This also reduces the intensity of your allergic reaction.

Decongestants

Decongestants are medications for allergic relations of the nose. They help clear your swollen nasal passages to ease breathing. They can also help relieve red eyes by decreasing the size of the blood vessels on the white of your eye.

Pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine are some of the common decongestants. Combination drugs containing both a decongestant and an antihistamine are also available.

Avoiding Allergens

Limiting your exposure to common allergens is one of the best ways to prevent eye allergies.

For instance, on days when there’s lots of pollen in the air, try to stay indoors most of the time. Run the air conditioner to filter the air. Use high-quality furnace filters and replace them regularly.

If you have to go outside during allergy season, use wraparound sunglasses. This can help protect your eyes from pollen and other allergens. To be extra careful, you should start driving with the windows closed.

Treat Your Red Itchy Eyes

Allergic conjunctivitis is a common eye allergy that causes red itchy eyes. It’s caused by exposure to allergens like pollen and dust and can be seasonal or chronic.

The good news is there are many remedies for eye allergies. There are over-the-counter eye drops or prescription medications like antihistamines.

Want to know more about treating eye allergies? Check out our other guides for more helpful information and tips.

Allergic conjunctivitis | # 04/00 | The Attending Physician is a professional medical publication for doctors. Science articles.

What is allergic conjunctivitis?

What are the forms of allergic conjunctivitis?
What are the principles of therapy for allergic conjunctivitis?

Algorithm of therapy for allergic conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is an unusual inflammatory reaction of the mucous membrane of the eye, the conjunctiva, to common stimuli that do not cause reactions in most people. Conjunctivitis occurs with an increased, genetically inherent sensitivity of the body to a particular substance. Allergic conjunctivitis is often combined with allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, dermatitis.

Allergic conjunctivitis can begin in an acute form with unbearable itching of the eyelids, burning under the eyelids, photophobia, lacrimation with pronounced edema and hyperemia of the conjunctiva. But more often it proceeds chronically, causing anxiety to patients for many years.In this case, there is a moderate burning sensation of the eyelids, slight discharge, periodically itching of the eyelids. Often, numerous persistent complaints of discomfort are combined with an insignificant clinical picture, which misleads doctors and complicates diagnosis. Allergic conjunctivitis is a common disease, reflecting the overall prevalence of allergies. It is believed that approximately every fourth to fifth person has some form of allergy. Allergic diseases are a common cause of loss of study and work time. It is noted that urban dwellers have allergies three times more often than rural dwellers; in childhood, allergies are three times more common among boys; women are twice as likely to be allergic as men.

Depending on the allergens causing conjunctivitis, symptoms can be seasonal or year-round. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is most often caused by a patient’s sensitivity to pollen from grasses, trees, weeds, or molds.Household dust, animal dander, household chemicals, cosmetics and perfumes, contact lenses, and pharmaceuticals are common causes of year-round conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis, chronic, with periods of exacerbation, can occur on food, especially with preservatives and other chemical additives.

Diagnostics

In some cases, the typical picture of the disease or its clear connection with the effects of an external allergenic factor leaves no doubt about the diagnosis.The most important place in the diagnosis is occupied by an allergic anamnesis, which allows correctly suggesting an allergenic agent in more than 70% of patients. Anamnestic analysis can be supplemented with naturally occurring and specially conducted elimination and exposure tests. The first is to turn off the alleged allergen, the second – in the repeated exposure to them when the clinical phenomena subside.

Allergic skin tests (application, prick test, scarification, electrophoresis) are the most accessible, less traumatic and at the same time quite reliable.The disadvantages of skin tests include the fact that they are not carried out in the acute period of the disease, but 7-10 days after an acute allergic reaction.

Laboratory methods of allergy diagnostics are widely used. Among the advantages are their high specificity and the possibility of using them in the acute period of diseases.

Treatment

It is based on three fundamental principles: elimination of the “guilty allergen”, immunotherapy, drug symptomatic therapy.

The complete elimination of the action of allergens, if possible, is the most effective and safest method of preventing an allergic reaction and a therapeutic effect in the case of an already developed clinical picture of the disease.

In cases of an unexpressed reaction based on the results of allergic skin tests and laboratory tests, as well as in case of polyallergy, nonspecific hyposensitizing immunotherapy is performed. Most often in ophthalmology, injections of histoglobulin are used, for a course of 6-10 injections.

Hyposensitizing specific treatment with the use of allergens is carried out in cases where allergens are identified, but it is impossible to achieve their elimination, and drug symptomatic therapy is not effective enough.

Systemic use of antihistamines is indicated only in severe allergic conjunctivitis. Systemic antihistamines are included in complex therapy for three to six days.

Almost all 1st generation antihistamines (diphenhydramine, suprastin, diazolin, tavegil, pipolfen) have a sedative effect.These drugs can be prescribed on an exceptional basis, due to their low cost, but with a mandatory warning about the possibility of a sedative effect. In most countries, antihistamines of the second generation occupy the main place in the treatment of allergic diseases. In our practice, we give preference to claritin.

For all allergic conjunctivitis, regardless of the causative factor, local drug antiallergic therapy is needed to relieve symptoms that are painful for the patient: itching of the eyelids, photophobia, lacrimation, edema, conjunctival hyperemia.

Since ancient times, the main place in antiallergic therapy has been occupied by two groups of eye drops: antihistamine eye drops and mast cell stabilizers of the conjunctiva. They can be used as monotherapy or combined with each other or with other anti-inflammatory drugs, since they differ in the mechanism of pharmacological action.

Mast cells of the conjunctiva play an essential role in the pathogenesis of allergic conjunctivitis. As allergy target cells, they are the source of all kinds of allergy mediators, including histamine.These mediators determine the clinical picture of acute allergic conjunctivitis: itching of the eyelids, photophobia, lacrimation, edema and hyperemia of the conjunctiva, and later – papillary growths of the conjunctiva and corneal damage.

For chronic and subacute conjunctivitis, as well as for prophylaxis, eye drops of cromoglycates have been used for many years as stabilizers of the mast cells of the conjunctiva. The latest among the drugs in this group that entered Russian practice is cromohexal – 2% eye drops.Cromohexal is less irritating to eyes than other cromoglycates, which is especially important in pediatric practice. Another drug in this group, alomide (0.1% lodoxamide), also stabilizes mast cell membranes, preventing antigen-induced histamine release. At the same time, alomid inhibits the migration of eosinophils into the corneal tissue. Therefore, it is also effective against corneal lesions of an allergic and autoimmune nature.

In the acute course of allergic conjunctivitis, the drug of choice is antihistamine eye drops, which reduce the body’s reaction to histamine and provide a quick (within 15 minutes) antiallergic effect.Of these, we can name two drugs that have recently entered ophthalmological practice: spersallerg and allergodil.

Consider the features of the main clinical forms and treatment tactics (see table).

Figure 1. Acute pollinous allergic conjunctivitis. Pharmacotherapy: eye drops allergodil or spersallerg three to four times a day. For prophylaxis in risk groups – alomid or cromohexal twice a day

Seasonal pollinous conjunctivitis are caused by pollen during the flowering period of grasses, cereals, trees.Acute pollinous conjunctivitis begins with unbearable itching of the eyelids, burning eyes, photophobia, lacrimation (Fig. 1). It is almost impossible to avoid contact with allergens, therefore active therapy and prevention with drops or specific therapy take the main place. In acute conjunctivitis, instillation of spersallerg or allergodil eye drops give a quick effect. After 5-15 minutes, the patient’s condition improves, and eye irritation decreases. The faster action of spersallerg is due to the fact that the composition of the eye drops includes both antihistamine and vasoconstrictor drugs.In the first days, the drug is instilled three to four times a day, and when the condition improves, twice a day. In severe cases, antihistamines are used by mouth.

In case of pollinous subacute and chronic conjunctivitis, we use eye drops cromohexal or alomid, which are instilled three to four times a day. For prophylactic purposes, cromohexal or alomid should be instilled twice a day a week before the intended contact.

Figure 2.Chronic allergic conjunctivitis with few symptoms, but persistent complaints. Pharmacotherapy: eye drops cromohexal or alomid twice a day

Chronic allergic conjunctivitis. As our experience shows, allergic conjunctivitis, including pollinous conjunctivitis, more often occurs not acutely, but chronically, while there is a moderate burning sensation of the eyes, slight discharge, periodically itching of the eyelids. Moreover, often numerous complaints of an unpleasant sensation are combined with minor clinical manifestations (Fig.2). Among the causes of persistent chronic allergic conjunctivitis may be: hypersensitivity to pollen, food products, household chemicals, house dust, animal dandruff, to dry fish food, to medicines. Eye drops cromohexal or alomid are used two to three times a day (the effectiveness reaches 96.6%). Spersallerg eye drops can also be used, instillation once or twice a day.

Figure 3.Subacute medicinal allergic conjunctivitis with severe follicular reaction with prolonged use of pilocarpine. After withdrawal of the provoking drug, pharmacotherapy: alomid or cromohexal (twice a day) in combination with claritin (once a day)

Medicinal allergic conjunctivitis. Is one of the most common allergic eye diseases and accounts for more than 30% of all eye allergies. Most often, drug conjunctivitis occurs with topical application of drugs, but it can also be caused by systemic administration of drugs.At the same time, eye drops and ointments can cause damage not only to the conjunctiva, but also to the cornea, eyelid skin, as well as a general allergic reaction. Moreover, an allergic reaction can develop not only to the drug substance, but also to the preservative of the eye drops. That is why many companies produce eye drops not only in containers of 5-10 ml with a preservative, but also in small containers of 0.5-1 ml without a preservative. Allergic reactions caused by drugs are usually divided into three groups according to the speed of development: acute conjunctivitis – occurs within the first hour after drug administration, subacute conjunctivitis – within a day, chronic lingering conjunctivitis – within weeks and months (Fig.3). The latter develops with prolonged local use of drugs and is the most common (90%).

The main thing in treatment is the immediate withdrawal of the provoking drug. In acute conjunctivitis, it is necessary to prescribe an antihistamine by mouth for several days (claritin once a day) and topically antihistamine eye drops – spersallerg or allergodil two to three times a day. For subacute and chronic conjunctivitis, alomid or cromohexal is used twice a day for a long time.They can also be used prophylactically at the risk of drug allergy.

Figure 4. Spring catarrh with large papillae on the conjunctiva. Pharmacotherapy: eye drops cromohexal or alomid in combination with maxidex (three times a day), claritin orally once a day

Spring keratoconjunctivitis. Usually affects children aged 3-7 years, more often boys, has a bilateral, mainly chronic, debilitating course.The most characteristic clinical sign is papillary growths on the conjunctiva of the cartilage of the upper eyelid (conjunctival form). They are small, flattened, but can be large, deforming the eyelid (Fig. 4). Less commonly, papillary growths are found along the limbus (limbal form). Sometimes there is a mixed form. Symptoms increase in the spring and subside in the fall. Eye drops cromohexal or alomid give a pronounced effect, it is advisable to combine them with instillation of dexamethasone (maxidex). In case of corneal lesions (epitheliopathy, erosion, point infiltrates, keratitis), alomid should be prescribed, instillation two to three times a day.In acute conditions, allergodil eye drops can be used (twice a day), combining them with Maxidex drops (twice a day). Additional systemic treatment may include oral antihistamines or injections of histoglobulin (for a course of 6-10 injections).

Conjunctivitis when wearing contact lenses. It is believed that most patients who wear contact lenses, one way or another, are faced with an allergic reaction of the conjunctiva: eye irritation, photophobia, watery eyes, burning under the eyelids, itching, discomfort when inserting the lens. On examination, one can find small follicles, small or large papillae on the conjunctiva of the upper eyelids, hyperemia of the mucous membrane, corneal edema, and pinpoint erosion of the cornea.

Treatment requires immediate refusal to wear contact lenses. Instillation of eye drops cromohexal or alomid twice a day. In case of an acute reaction, allergodil or spersallerg is prescribed twice a day.

Conjunctivitis with dry eye syndrome. Allergic mucosal inflammation, chronic, often accompanied by dry eye syndrome.Eye drops cromohexal or alomid are applied once or twice a day in addition to the instillation of artificial tears (natural tear, lacrisify, three to six times a day). We observed an excellent and good therapeutic effect in 90-92% of patients.

Allergic reaction in infectious conjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis. Long-term experience of the Department of Infectious and Allergic Eye Diseases of the Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases. Helmholtz showed that allergy plays an important role in the clinical picture of many eye diseases of an infectious nature: viral (adenoviral conjunctivitis, herpetic keratitis), bacterial (acute conjunctivitis), chlamydial, fungal, parasitic.It can be considered proven that an allergic reaction also underlies the clinical picture of many chronic infectious eye diseases.

An allergic reaction in an infectious eye disease can be considered as a manifestation of an eye infection or as a reaction of eye tissues to toxic-allergic effects of drugs from previous long-term therapy (antibiotics, antiviral drugs, anesthetics, etc.). A sign of an allergic reaction is severe eye irritation, accompanied by edema and itching of the eyelids, lacrimation, edema and hyperemia of the conjunctiva: later, papillary conjunctival hypertrophy and marginal epithelial keratitis develop.

This approach to understanding the pathogenesis of infectious eye diseases opens up new possibilities for constructing effective therapy, which provides for the additional timely inclusion of antiallergic eye agents. In the acute period of infectious conjunctivitis (chlamydial, adenoviral, bacterial), allergodil or spersallerg eye drops are added to specific anti-infective therapy two to three times a day. In case of subacute or chronic course of keratoconjunctivitis, cromohexal or alomid is prescribed for antiallergic effect twice a day.


Pay attention!

  • Allergic conjunctivitis is a common disease and reflects the overall prevalence of allergy
  • Depending on the allergens causing conjunctivitis, symptoms may be seasonal or perennial
  • Treatment is based on three fundamental principles: allergen elimination, immunotherapy, drug therapy
  • Systemic use of antihistamines is necessary only for severe allergic conjunctivitis
  • The main place in the antiallergic therapy of conjunctivitis is occupied by two groups of eye drops: antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers of the conjunctiva

Good to know about LATEX ALLERGY (lateksallergi)

What is latex?

Latex is the processed sap of the Hevea rubber tree ( Hevea brasiliensis ) with the addition of a number of chemicals to provide the desired properties. This milky juice flows out of the cut in the bark in the same way as milk flows out of dandelion stalks, celandine and milkweed. Synthetic latex is made from synthetic rubber. The word “latex” is synonymous with “natural rubber”.

Latex is found in many consumer goods and medical materials such as balloons, elastic bands, stockings, shoes, rubber boots, air mattresses, car and bicycle tires, rubber gloves, baby pacifiers, scuba diving suits, elastic garments, anesthesia, drainage and infusion aids, bottle stoppers, inhalation masks and catheters, and much more.

Special care is required when latex is used in products such as condoms and cervical caps. In addition to sexual problems, latex allergy can lead to very serious body reactions. Durex offers Avanti condoms with a latex-free guarantee. Synthetic products such as latex paint do not contain natural rubber.

Latex allergy symptoms

Symptoms can be both immediate reactions to IgE antibodies and delayed allergic reactions with the appearance of contact eczema.

The most common symptoms of latex allergy are eczema changes in the skin in the form of swelling, redness, sores and itching. Watery blisters and cracking of the skin may also occur. Respiratory disorders, such as irritation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes, and asthma attacks are quite common.

Latex cross-reacts with proteins found in exotic fruits and thus can provoke oral allergic syndrome (itching and swelling in the mouth, nose, throat and lips).Banana, avocado and kiwi are the most dangerous in this regard, but papayas, figs, potatoes, tomatoes and chestnuts can also cause cross-reactions. Between 30 and 80% of latex allergy sufferers get symptoms from eating these foods. In addition, latex can cross-react with sap from trees and leaves, as well as dust from Benjamin’s ficus. Cross-reaction occurs between plant proteins found in latex and food. In sensitive individuals, latex can cause life-threatening reactions (anaphylactic shock).

Who can be allergic to latex?

Just a few years ago, this type of allergy was observed only in representatives of the indigenous population of some countries (for example, Indonesia), collecting natural wood latex.

Later, allergies began to be observed in children who underwent surgery and, accordingly, contact with the doctor’s latex gloves. The discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has led to a sharp increase in the use of rubber gloves, which in turn has led to an increase in the number of latex allergy sufferers, especially among healthcare workers.The prevalence of this type of allergy among healthcare workers is around 7%. This figure is expected to rise due to the increasing use of rubber gloves in this occupational group over the past 10-15 years. Cleaners and dentists are also at risk.

Latex allergy treatment

Once a diagnosis of latex allergy is established, close contact with this material must be completely excluded.Individuals with food cross-reactions should also avoid contact with latex.

The onset of allergic (anaphylactic) shock is most often accompanied by the usual allergic symptoms for the patient. They can come on gradually or suddenly and be life-threatening. People with allergies so severe that there is a risk of anaphylactic shock should have an epinephrine syringe (EpiPen) with them for immediate injection in case of symptoms.You must immediately call an ambulance. Antiallergic vaccination (hypersensitivity) is not intended to treat latex allergy.

How is the diagnosis made?

Examination for suspected latex allergy is primarily carried out by a dermatologist or pediatrician. A detailed medical history will be helpful. Current testing methods include the Pirquet test or applying a latex piece to the forearm to check for skin response. In addition to skin tests, an immunoglobulin (IgE) blood test can provide useful information.

Prevention of allergy

Latex allergy is an incurable disease, and you can only fight with its symptoms. The best thing is to try to avoid developing allergies. Many latex products can be replaced with vinyl products. The hypoallergenic label on some products does not mean that the latex allergen content in them is lower than in products without such labeling.

Use rubber gloves without talcum powder, low in allergens / soluble proteins, rubber additives and endotoxins.Practice shows that the transition to the use of such gloves leads to a decrease in the number of cases of allergies and gives allergy sufferers with mild symptoms the opportunity to continue working in the same workplace. It also matters for patients. Manufacturers should be required to supply such gloves with regulatory documentation.

Allergic conjunctivitis | Maychuk Yu.F.

Allergic conjunctivitis
Yu.F. Maichuk

Yu.F. Maichuk
Allergic conjunctivitis belong to wide spread diseases, affecting near 50% of the whole population and forming near 90% of the allergic eye pathology. The understanding of pathogenesis and pharmacotheraphy of the allergic conjunctivitis made a significant progress during last years. Main principles of treatment consist of elimination of allergen, local and general medical symptomatic therapy, specific immunotherapy. Local basic medical treatment includes antihistamine eye drops (allergoftal, spersallerg) and drugs, which slow down mast cells degranulation (alomide, lecroline).Corticosteroids (dexapos, maxidex, oftan – dexametasone, hydrocortisone POS), non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (naclof), cyclosporine are used additionally. Treatment algorithms for the various clinical forms of conjunctivitis are given: atopic, vernal conjunctivitis, medical allergy, chronic allergic conjunctivitis, conjunctivitis caused by soft contact lenses usage, giant papillae keratoconjunctivitis.

Allergic conjunctivitis is an inflammatory reaction of the conjunctiva to the effects of allergens, characterized by hyperemia and edema of the mucous membrane of the eyelids, edema and itching of the eyelids, the formation of follicles or papillae on the conjunctiva; sometimes accompanied by damage to the cornea with visual impairment.Conjunctivitis occurs with an increased, genetically inherent sensitivity of the body to a particular allergen. Conjunctivitis is the most frequent localization of an allergic reaction on the part of the organ of vision, accounting for up to 90% of all allergies [10]; less common are allergic blepharitis, eyelid dermatitis, even more rarely – allergic keratitis, iritis, uveitis, retinitis, neuritis. At the same time, conjunctivitis is usually found in other allergic eye lesions – blepharitis, eyelid dermatitis, keratitis.
The eyes can be the site of the development of an allergic reaction in many systemic immunological disorders, and eye damage is often the most dramatic manifestation of the disease.
Allergic conjunctivitis is often combined with allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. An allergic reaction plays an important role in the clinical picture of eye infections.
Prevalence
Allergic conjunctivitis affects approximately 15% of the total population and is an important clinical problem in practical ophthalmology and allergy – this is how the importance of allergic eye pathology is formulated in the modern international guidelines Current ocular therapy (2000) [11]. As a clinical manifestation of allergic disease, allergic conjunctivitis reflects the widespread prevalence of allergies. In the immunology manual of R.M. Khaitova (2000) indicates that the number of patients with allergies in Western countries reaches an average of 20% of the total population, and in some regions – up to 40-50% [8]. At the same time, according to the latest data, 80–90% of all allergy sufferers have eye lesions [9]. According to our research, among patients with confirmed hypersensitivity to pollen allergens, 91.2% had manifestations of eye allergy [3].According to N.I. Ilyina and S.A. Polner (2001), the incidence of rhinoconjunctivitis in Russia on average ranges from 12.7 to 24% [1]. It is believed that allergy develops in 50% of cases if both parents suffer from allergic diseases, in 25% if one of the parents is allergic, and in 12.5% ​​if the parents are not allergic [4, 6].
Pathogenesis
A synonym for allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction. Hypersensitivity reactions are classified as immediate (developing within 30 minutes from the moment of exposure to the allergen) and delayed (developing 24–48 hours or later after exposure). Immediate conjunctival reactions are caused by the release into the conjunctiva of biologically active mediators from mast cell granules during their activation and degranulation. Mast cells of the conjunctiva play an essential role in the pathogenesis of allergic conjunctivitis. As allergy target cells, they are the source of the entire spectrum of allergy mediators. The number of mast cells in the tissues of the eye and appendages is approximately 50 million [10]. The reaction mechanism of an immediate type consists in successively replacing each other stages [1].The reaction is triggered by the interaction of the allergen with allergic antibodies related to IgE. The latter are produced by B cells, the process is regulated by cytokines that generate T cells. The leading cytokines are interleukins IL-4 and IL-13. When the allergen re-hits the conjunctiva, IgE-dependent activation of mast cells occurs, which causes the release of inflammatory mediators: histamine, bradykinin, tryptase, leukotrienes, prostaglandins, etc. Released mediators cause itching of the eyelids in the patient, photophobia, lacrimation, edema and hyperemia.If the release of histamine plays the greatest role in the symptoms of the acute phase of allergic conjunctivitis, then in the delayed stage of an immediate allergic reaction, metabolites of arachidonic acid (prostaglandin D2, leukotrienes C4, D4, E4) and, possibly, a platelet activation factor play a more important role.
Diagnostics
In some cases, the typical picture of the disease or its clear connection with the effect of an external allergenic factor leaves no doubt about the diagnosis. In most cases, the diagnosis of allergic eye diseases is associated with great difficulties and often requires the use of specific allergological research methods.
Allergic history – the most important diagnostic factor, according to our data, suggests a “guilty” allergen in 70% of patients [5]. Naturally occurring or specially conducted elimination and exposure tests are of great diagnostic value. Skin tests used in ophthalmic practice (application, prick-test, scarification, scarification-application) are low-traumatic and at the same time quite informative. Provocative allergic tests (conjunctival, nasal and sublingual) are used in exceptional cases, with great care and only during remission.Laboratory allergy diagnostics is highly specific and is possible in the acute period of the disease without fear of causing harm to the patient. The identification of eosinophils in scraping from the conjunctiva is of great diagnostic importance.
Depending on the characteristics of the course of allergic conjunctivitis associated with the season, there is seasonal, usually exacerbated in spring and summer, and year-round, which occurs at any time of the year (Table 1).
Basic principles of treatment
These include:
• elimination, i.e.e. exclusion, if possible, of the “guilty” allergen is the most effective and safe method of preventing and treating allergic conjunctivitis;
• drug symptomatic therapy occupies the main place in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis: local, with the use of ophthalmic drugs, and general – antihistamines by mouth with severe lesions;
• specific immunotherapy (SIT) is carried out in medical institutions with insufficient effectiveness of drug therapy and the impossibility of excluding the “culprit” allergen. In recent years, we have been using the accelerated SIT method: the effectiveness was noted in 97.1% of patients, and the duration of the course of treatment was reduced from 6–8 to 2 weeks [5].
Local antiallergic therapy. Table 2 shows the main basic funds, additional funds, as well as complex preparations of local therapy. It should be borne in mind that in practical ophthalmology, the number of drugs increases every year.
Systemic use of antihistamines is necessary only in cases of severe allergic conjunctivitis.Systemic antihistamines are included in complex therapy for 3–6 days. Almost all 1st generation antihistamines (diphenhydramine, suprastin, diazolin, tavegil, pipolfen) have a sedative effect. These drugs can be prescribed on an exceptional basis as inexpensive drugs, but with a mandatory warning of the possibility of sedation [7]. In most countries of the world, antihistamines of the second generation occupy the main place in the treatment of allergic diseases.
Clinical forms of allergic conjunctivitis
The most common clinical forms of allergic conjunctivitis are the following, characterized by their own characteristics that must be considered when choosing a treatment: pollinous conjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, drug allergy, chronic allergic conjunctivitis, allergic conjunctivitis when wearing contact lenses, large papillary conjunctivitis.
Pollinous conjunctivitis. These are seasonal allergic eye diseases caused by pollen during the flowering period of grasses, cereals, and trees. The aggravation time is closely related to the calendar of plant dusting in each climatic region. Pollinous conjunctivitis can begin acutely: unbearable itching of the eyelids, burning under the eyelids, photophobia, lacrimation, edema and hyperemia of the conjunctiva. Conjunctival edema can be so pronounced that the cornea “sinks” in the surrounding chemotic conjunctiva (Fig.2.). In such cases, marginal infiltrates appear in the cornea, as a rule, in the region of the palpebral fissure. More often, pollinous conjunctivitis occurs chronically with moderate burning sensation under the eyelids, recurrent itching of the eyelids.
Treatment for chronic course: alomid or lecrolin 2 times a day for 2-3 weeks (efficiency 92%). In acute course, allergophthal or spersallerg is prescribed 2-3 times a day. Additional therapy for severe cases: antihistamines by mouth. For blepharitis, hydrocortisone-POS ointment is used for eyelids.With a persistent recurrent course, specific immunotherapy is performed.
Spring keratoconjunctivitis (spring catarrh). The disease usually occurs in children aged 5–12 years, more often in boys, has a predominantly chronic persistent, debilitating course. The most characteristic feature is the papillary growths on the conjunctiva of the cartilage of the upper eyelid (conjunctival form), usually small, flattened, but can be large (Fig. 3). Less commonly, papillary growths are located along the limbus (limbal form).According to our long-term observations, the cornea is often affected: epitheliopathy, erosion or corneal ulcer, keratitis, hyperkeratosis (Fig. 4).
Treatment: in case of mild course – instillation of alomid or lecrolin 3 times a day. In severe cases, Kuzikrom, Spersallerg or Allergophthal are used 2 times a day. In the treatment of spring catarrh, it is necessary to combine antiallergic drops with corticosteroids: instillation of eye drops of dexapos, maxidex or ophtan-dexamethasone 2-3 times a day for 3-4 weeks.Additionally, antihistamines are prescribed by mouth. For corneal ulcers, reparative agents are used (Vitasik eye drops or Solcoseryl gels, Corneregel). With a long, persistent course of spring catarrh, a course of treatment with histoglobulin (4-10 injections) is carried out [3].
Medicinal allergic conjunctivitis. The disease can occur acutely after the first use of any medication, but usually develops chronically with prolonged treatment, and an allergic reaction to both the drug and the preservative of the eye drops is possible.An acute reaction occurs within 1 hour after drug administration (acute drug conjunctivitis, anaphylactic shock, acute urticaria, Quincke’s edema, systemic capillary toxicosis, etc.). A subacute reaction develops within a day. A lingering reaction manifests itself over several days and weeks, usually with prolonged topical administration of drugs. Eye reactions of the latter type are most common (90%) and are chronic (Fig. 5). Almost any drug can cause an allergic eye reaction.The same drug can cause different manifestations in different patients. However, different drugs can cause a similar clinical picture of drug allergy.
The main thing in the treatment of drug allergies is the abolition of the “guilty” drug or switching to the same drug without a preservative.
In the future, in acute course, eye drops allergophthal or spersallerg are used 2-3 times a day, in chronic – alomid, lecrolin or lecrolin without preservative 2 times a day.
Chronic allergic conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis most often have a chronic course: moderate burning of the eyes, slight discharge, recurrent itching of the eyelids. It should be borne in mind that often numerous complaints of discomfort are combined with minor clinical manifestations, which complicates the diagnosis.
Among the reasons for the persistent course may be increased sensitivity to pollen, industrial hazards, food products, household chemicals, house dust, dandruff and animal hair, dry fish food, medicines, cosmetics, contact lenses.
The most important treatment is to rule out risk factors for allergy development, if they can be identified. Local treatment includes instillation of eye drops of lecrolin or alomid 2 times a day for 3-4 weeks (efficiency – 97%) [4]. When blepharitis occurs, hydrocortisone-POS eye ointment is prescribed 2 times a day for the eyelids and artificial tear preparations (natural tears or Oftagel, Vidisik-gel) 2 times a day.
Allergic conjunctivitis when wearing contact lenses.It is believed that 55–65% of patients wearing contact lenses will have an allergic reaction of the conjunctiva at some point: eye irritation, photophobia, lacrimation, burning under the eyelids, itching, discomfort when inserting the lens [2]. On examination, you can find small follicles, small or large papillae on the conjunctiva of the upper eyelids, hyperemia of the mucous membrane, edema and pinpoint erosion of the cornea.
Treatment: it is necessary to change lens care products or refuse to wear contact lenses.Instillation of eye drops of lecrolin or alomid is prescribed. In case of an acute reaction, allergophthal or spersallerg is used 2 times a day. In case of persistent flow, cyclolip is prescribed [2].
Large papillary conjunctivitis (CPC). The disease is an inflammatory reaction of the conjunctiva of the upper eyelid, which has been in contact with a foreign body for a long period. The occurrence of PDA is possible under the following conditions: wearing contact lenses (hard and soft), using eye prostheses, the presence of sutures after cataract extraction or keratoplasty, tightening scleral fillings.
Patients complain of itching and mucous discharge. In severe cases, ptosis may occur. Large (giant – with a diameter of 1 mm or more) papillae are grouped over the entire surface of the conjunctiva of the upper eyelids (Table 3).
Removal of a foreign body is of primary importance in the treatment of PDA. Until the symptoms disappear completely, alomid or lecrolin is instilled.
Infectious and allergic conjunctivitis. They usually develop with a chronic bacterial infection of the conjunctiva, eyelids, nasopharynx, teeth, have a persistent recurrent course (Fig.6). Often complicated by marginal keratitis. In cases of inflammatory (allergic) conjunctivitis and blepharitis, combined with a bacterial infection, proven or suspected in accordance with the clinical picture of the disease, complex drugs are prescribed: dexa-gentamicin, maxitrol or tobradex.

Literature
1. Ilyina N.I., Polner S.A. // Consilium medicum. – 2001. – vol. 3. – No. 8. – pp. 384–393.
2. Maychuk D.Yu., Kurenkov V.V., Kashnikova O.A. // In the book. Topical issues of inflammatory eye diseases. M. – 2001. – S. 232-234.
3. Maychuk Yu.F. Allergic eye diseases. M. – 1983 .– 223 S.
4. Maychuk Yu.F. // Russian medits. magazine. – 1999. – No. 1. – P. 20–22.
5. Maychuk Yu.F. // Bulletin of ophthalmology. – 2000. – No. 5. – P. 10-14.
6. Osipova G.L. // Russian medical journal. – 2000. – No. 3. – P. 151–155.
7. Ryazantsev S.V. // News of otolaryngology and loropathology.1999. – No. 2.– P. 112–114.
8. Khaitov R.M., Ignatieva G.A., Sidorovich I.G. Immunology. M. – 2000 .– 430 S.
9. Abelson M.B. // 3 – rd Int. symposium on ocular pharmacology and pharmaceutics. Lisbon. – 2000. – p. 51.
10. Abelson M.B., Mc-Garr P.J., Richard K.B. // Textbook of ocular pharmacology. Ed. T.J. Zimmerman. Lippencott. – 1997. – p. 609-634.
11. Friedlander M.H. // Current ocular therapy. Ed. F.T. Frannfelder, Roy F.H., Randall J., W.B. Saunders Comp.2000. – p. 323.

.

Allergy symptoms – medical center “YOUR DOCTOR” Mine

Allergy is a type of immune response, accompanied by the destruction of their own tissues. Under the influence of various factors, the immune system perceives certain substances as unacceptable and dangerous. An allergic reaction to contact with such a substance is a perverse attempt to defend itself. For example: watery eyes, redness of the eyes, difficulty breathing are the consequences of the immune system’s fight against tree pollen, from which it protects the body.

Pseudoallergy
In addition, there are a number of false allergic reactions that at first glance resemble a classic allergy. However, the immune system is not involved. There are many reasons for false manifestations: various diseases of the digestive organs, parasitic diseases. Most often, pseudoallergy develops as a result of excessive consumption of foods containing histamine: citrus fruits, honey, chocolate, fish, nuts. If, after the use of a chocolate bar, itchy spots appear, and half of this portion is absorbed without unpleasant consequences, then the appearance of a rash is a pseudo-allergic reaction.

Allergy symptoms
Allergy manifestations are general and local. Common ones always accompany severe allergic diseases, for example, Quincke’s edema. There is a chill, excitement, the temperature rises. There may be opposite symptoms: lethargy, pallor, drop in pressure, fainting.

Local reactions develop locally. The following conditions are common:

• Skin allergy. Manifested by itching, redness, dryness.Inflamed spots on the skin often migrate – disappear in one place and appear in another;

• Digestive disorders: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting;

• Eye symptoms: swelling of the eyelids, lacrimation, itching. The skin under the eyes turns red;

• Respiratory manifestations. There is a dry cough and difficulty breathing, the nasal passages are swollen, there is a lack of air, wheezing is heard in the chest

Causes of allergies
Every year, an increase in the number of patients with complaints of allergies is recorded in the world.There is no explanation for this phenomenon yet. Among others, the following factors provoke an allergic response:

• Influence of hygiene. Excessive cleanliness deprives a person of contact with an infection, which ultimately weakens the immune system and leads to a bias towards allergic manifestations;

• Ecology. From the moment of birth, a modern person is under the influence of electromagnetic radiation, eats foods containing hormones and antibiotics. All this does not remain without consequences.

Eye drops for cats and dogs

Eye drops – external agent. They act directly on the site of inflammation, edema, trauma. The mechanism of action depends on the composition of the drug, and therefore the veterinarian-ophthalmologist should prescribe treatment after a preliminary examination. To enhance the effectiveness of treatment, external agents are supplemented with medicines for internal use. So, eye drops for cats from inflammation can be supplemented with antibiotics and immunomodulators.

According to the mechanism of action, eye drops are divided into the following several groups.

Antiseptic preparations . They are used to treat infectious diseases, purulent, inflammatory processes. They give an antiseptic effect, eliminate bacteria-causative agents of the disease. They can be used for the prevention of eye diseases, if it is necessary to normalize the physiological balance of the eye.

The most common drug in this group is Diamond Eyes drops.They contain succinic acid, taurine and other active ingredients. Diamond eye drops for dogs and cats can be used for daily grooming – they will prevent inflammation, protect against eye infections. It is a safe and effective antiseptic.

Metabolic drugs, corneoprotectors. They stimulate tissue metabolism, accelerate epithelialization and epithelial regeneration. They are used for epithelial-endothelial dystrophy and corneal erosion, in the treatment of traumatic or punctate keratitis, in violation of the integrity of the cornea.

Vitasik eye drops are referred to the drugs in this group.

Antihistamines . Acute allergies can provoke the development of allergic conjunctivitis, puffiness, redness of the eyes. Antihistamines reduce the intensity of the body’s response to the action of the allergen, remove allergic symptoms.

If an eye disease is caused by an allergy, it is recommended to use drops “Alomid”, “Gistimed”.

Important: antihistamines do not cure allergies, but temporarily relieve symptoms.To solve the problem completely, you need to exclude the exposure of the pet to the allergen.

Moisturizing eye drops . Dryness of the cornea causes serious discomfort to animals, in some cases it provokes the development of serious diseases. For moisturizing, drops with a special composition are used. They increase the stability of the tear film, increase the volume of the tear fluid. Most often, the preparation Natural Tear is used as moisturizing eye drops for pets.

The range of topical preparations for the treatment and care of the eyes of pets is not limited to this. In this case, it is important that in each specific case, the external remedy is selected by a veterinarian-ophthalmologist. Center “Oculus” specializes in the treatment and prevention of eye diseases in pets. Our specialists will diagnose and select the most effective and safe eye drops for your pet.

90,000 Allergies are (not) treated – publications of the family clinic Childhood Plus

Direct road to an allergist

“It is not difficult to recognize an allergic disease in oneself,” says Elena Borisovna Tuzlukova, an allergist-immunologist at the CHILDHOOD Plus family clinic, Candidate of Medical Sciences.- If you notice that upon contact with some irritant – for example, with animal hair, dust or pollen of trees – you get a runny nose, itchy eyes, a cough appears, and when the irritant is eliminated, all these symptoms quickly disappear, then you have a straight road to an allergist. Moreover, if this is repeated from time to time or, as is the case with flowering plants, from year to year.

Doctor immunologist-allergist of the family clinic “Childhood Plus” Elena Borisovna Tuzlukova

The first thing a doctor will do is to carry out diagnostics in order to establish specific substances that cause an allergic reaction in the body.In addition to the allergic history, that is, collecting information about the disease by interviewing the patient, the doctor conducts skin tests with allergens. During this test, micro-doses of different allergens are injected intradermally with the help of “mini-injections” to determine which one is causing the body to become hypersensitive. You can take this test at the CHILDHOOD Plus family clinic right on the day of your visit. In addition, diagnostics may require a blood test to detect allergic antibodies, and other special tests for food or drug allergies.Patients with bronchial asthma examine the function of external respiration using a special apparatus.

The diagnostic algorithm is the same for both adults and children. In addition, since allergies are embedded in the human genotype, children can be examined in order to establish with a high degree of probability the possibility of a promising manifestation of an allergic reaction to certain irritants. This may be true, for example, for a family that wants to have a pet with a small child.By the way, it should be borne in mind that in a family where one of the parents is allergic, the probability that the child will also suffer from this disease is about 30 percent. If both parents are susceptible to allergies, this probability increases to 60-70 percent.

Allergen treatment

Allergen injections are the classic method of treating allergic diseases. It is recommended to carry out such courses of treatment in the cold season, when there are fewer substances in the air that can cause an allergic reaction of the body.The course of treatment lasts three to four months, during this time the patient is given subcutaneous injections twice a week.

Vials of allergens used for skin tests in the diagnosis of allergic diseases

– Treatment with allergens is the main method of treating allergic diseases, which affects all stages of the pathological process, says Elena Tuzlukova. – For the first time this type of treatment began to be used 102 years ago, that is, it is time-tested and has long proven its effectiveness.And what is important, only some serious concomitant diseases are contraindications to this method of treatment.

Treatment with allergens performs roughly the same function as vaccinations against other diseases – it forces the body to restructure its response to contact with allergens. However, it is impossible to get rid of allergies forever – this disease is at the genetic level. But it is quite possible to achieve a serious and lasting decrease in sensitivity to allergens.

Allergens in a fume hood in the office of an immunologist-allergist at the Childhood Plus family clinic

– It has been scientifically proven that conducting courses of treatment with allergens for three consecutive years allows you to achieve remission, that is, a significant weakening of symptoms, for a period of five to seven years, says Elena Tuzlukova.- In many cases, it is possible to achieve complete disappearance of symptoms. But after a few years they will begin to appear again – and then the treatment with allergens will have to be repeated.

Not treating allergies at all is fraught with the progression of the disease and the appearance of complications. For example, an allergic rhinitis can be complicated by sinusitis, or with inadequate treatment, it can turn into bronchial asthma. This disease, in turn, also needs to be treated, since otherwise it will take on a more severe form, and in extreme cases it can even lead to disability.

Prevention and Help

There is an opinion that it is necessary to contact an allergist not during an exacerbation of the disease, but during a period of remission, when allergens can be treated. This is only partly true. As mentioned above, the course of treatment with allergens is really carried out in the cold season. However, even during exacerbations, the doctor can help the patient by prescribing treatment that will reduce the manifestation of symptoms.

– As a rule, self-medicating allergy sufferers limit themselves to combating allergy symptoms by taking pills they saw advertisements on TV, says Elena Tuzlukova.- But monotherapy, that is, treatment with one drug, is usually not effective enough. The allergist will prescribe at least two drugs to the patient: one is an antihistamine, the other is a hormonal one, since they have different points of application. And he will do it taking into account the characteristics of the patient’s body. I want to emphasize that when treating allergic diseases, we give preference to non-sedating drugs – those that do not cause drowsiness. Unfortunately, patients often do not understand these issues and, succumbing to advertising, buy drugs in pharmacies, not paying attention to this significant side effect.

In addition, the family clinic “CHILDHOOD Plus” offers patients antiallergic physiotherapy procedures. For example, inhalation of drugs that reduce or prevent an allergic reaction upon subsequent contact with an allergen. Thus, these treatments can be used in the midst of allergic manifestations or before their onset.

Patient Allergy School

People suffering from allergies should not only be treated, they should also be trained, given knowledge about their disease, Elena Tuzlukova is sure.That is why the so-called allergic school was opened in the CHILDHOOD Plus clinic. Her students learn a lot about the nature of allergies, its causes, manifestations, gain practical skills that allow them to more fully and consciously follow medical recommendations, and also learn to create a living environment in which they would be maximally protected from contact with irritating allergens.

– For example, a person is allergic to flowering trees, – says Elena Tuzlukova, – and he washes his hair with shampoo containing natural birch extract, or goes to the bathhouse to steam with a birch broom, or uses eucalyptus tincture in the steam room for a pleasant aroma.Such familiar everyday situations can lead to the development of an acute allergic reaction, including an acute attack of bronchial asthma, which can develop in a matter of seconds. Such events can also occur outside the flowering season of trees. And the person is not ready for this situation – he does not have any medicine with him. The task of the allergy school is not only to teach a person to help himself in such situations, but, first of all, of course, not to get into them at all. An ordinary person does not even realize how complex and multifaceted the topic of allergic diseases is.Under certain conditions, the threat of an allergy sufferer can even come from completely ordinary food products (and we are not talking about food allergies!), You need to know about these threats and be able to recognize them.

The next course in the allergic school begins as the group is recruited, which usually includes three to four people. The course consists of four lectures, the time of classes is appointed by agreement with the student-patients. The form of classes implies constant contact with teachers – Elena Tuzlukova herself is interested in the audience asking her as many questions as possible, getting to know and understanding their illness better, which means they learn to live with it.

Text by Pavel Chukaev, photos by Vasily Povolnov

Date of publication: 26.11.2013 |
Date of change: 08/20/2014

Specialized scientific and practical publications for veterinarians and students of veterinary universities.

Toggler


Journal issues by year

Journal contacts

vetpeterburg

Subscribe to news

You can subscribe to our newsletter.
To do this, you need to fill out the form, indicating your postal e-mail.
Distribution is carried out no more than 5-6 times a year.
The administration of the site never, under any circumstances, discloses or transfers to other persons data about the users of the site.

Purchase the paper version

To purchase a paper version of the magazine, you must place an order and pay for it online.
Delivery is carried out by Russian Post.
The cost of a copy of the magazine is indicated including delivery.
For questions about mailing to other countries, please contact the Deputy Editor-in-Chief: [email protected]

Pre-order

Delivery for clinics

For veterinary clinics in St. Petersburg and Len. area.
Delivery is made by courier to the address of the clinic in the amount of one copy.