Eye

Itchy eyes and ears: The request could not be satisfied

Eye Allergies: What to Do (and What Not to Do) About Itchy Eyes – FOCUS

Itchy, watery eyes during allergy season can drive you crazy. Mass. Eye and Ear’s Dr. Ryan Vasan has some tips on how to feel better.

After another snowy, cold winter in Boston, spring has finally arrived! As the weather warms and flowers begin to bloom, plants are shedding all kinds of stuff — like pollen and ragweed. Of all the ways spring allergies can drive you crazy, itchy, watery eyes may be the most frustrating and disruptive to daily life.

Our eyes are also perhaps the most vulnerable parts of our body to allergies, says Mass. Eye and Ear ophthalmologist Ryan A. Vasan, M.D., because the surface of the eye is always exposed.

“We have little hairs in our noses that trap allergens, and the acid in our stomachs often kills off anything that might cause a reaction to the food we eat,” he explained. “The main defenses for our eyes are tears, eyelids and eyelashes — but our eyes are otherwise exposed to allergens.”

Why the Itchy, Watery Eyes?

 

When allergens reach the surface of the eye, cells that are part of our immune system (mast cells) release histamine, causing inflammation of the eye tissues and specifically in the conjunctiva — the mucous membrane covering the front of the eye and under the eyelids. This process leads to the swelling and itching symptoms of eye allergies, or allergic conjunctivitis.

What to Do

  • Avoid whatever allergen is bothering you.
    If outdoor allergies are particularly bothersome, Dr. Vasan recommends staying inside as much as you can, and closing the windows as much as possible. Some of his patients even use air filters to keep allergens out of the house.
  • Find out what’s triggering your allergies.
    If you don’t know what’s triggering your allergies, how can you avoid it? The only way to know for sure is to see an allergist for skin patch testing. Consider doing this if you can’t seem to get away from whatever is bothering you.
  • Use artificial tears — and consider putting them in the refrigerator.
    Artificial tears (eye drops that coat the surface of the eye) can help to dilute any allergens hanging out on the surface of the eye. Dr. Vasan says that these are especially soothing when they are cold, so he recommends putting them in the refrigerator to really help relieve symptoms of itching and swelling. “Cold really helps to stop the itching by blocking the signal from the area of itching back to the brain,” he said. 
  • Use medications (wisely!).
    There are plenty of allergy medicines that can help with eye allergies, or allergic conjunctivitis. Many are available over-the-counter, with more potent versions available by prescription.Vasan says to look for “mast cell stabilizers,” which prevent histamine release from the mast cells and “antihistamines,” which help to block any already-released histamine from causing further reaction. Some medications combine both of these things.

    But if symptoms last for more than a few weeks, it may be worthwhile to see an ophthalmologist.

    “We have stronger treatments we can consider prescribing,” Dr. Vasan said. “We can also consider steroids, often in the form of an eye drop, but those have potentially serious side effects and need to be taken while followed by a physician.”

What Not to Do


  • Don’t rub your eyes.
    Though it may be tempting, this can spread the allergens around and irritate the eye further. “Although it feels great in the short-term, it often makes things much worse,” Dr. Vasan said.
  • Avoid “redness reliever” medications.
    Eye drops marketed as “redness relievers” are effective in hiding signs of eye allergies — making the eyes nice and white — but they don’t do much to make you feel better. And, what’s worse is that people can build a tolerance to these medications. When they stop taking the drops, their eyes become red.
  • Don’t ignore signs of other problems.
    Red, irritated eyes can be signs of eye conditions other than allergic conjunctivitis. If you notice a thicker discharge coming from the eye, see an eye doctor, as it could be a sign of a viral infection.

About Our Expert

Ryan A. Vasan, M.D., is an ophthalmologist at Mass. Eye and Ear, practicing at the Longwood and Stoneham locations.

Allergy Symptoms vs Covid 19 Symptoms

Throughout the US, pollen has started to bloom and cause typical symptoms in those with allergies right as we have seen the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19). Allergies typically cause nasal symptoms such as a runny nose and sinus congestion but do not usually result in a fever, as is found with coronavirus or the flu. While some symptoms of the coronavirus overlap with allergies, there are several differences. 

It’s important to note that this article is not intended to provide comprehensive medical advice. If you have concerns, please always contact your doctor and use general best practices. 

The Symptoms of the Coronavirus are:

According to the CDC, reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases.

The following symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure: (Updated July 17, 2020)

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headache
  • New loss of taste or smell
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Coronavirus is spread through coughing, sneezing, and close personal contact. We recommend following the CDC guidelines and those of your local health department to prevent the spread of the virus. 

Symptoms of Allergies are:

Symptoms of seasonal allergies range from mild to severe and occur seasonally. The most common include:

  • sneezing
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • watery and itchy eyes
  • itchy sinuses, throat, or ear canals
  • ear congestion
  • postnasal drainage

Less common symptoms include:

  • headache
  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing
  • coughing

Allergies are caused by a response in the immune system and are not contagious. Medications can treat your symptoms, and immunotherapy can help those with allergies find relief. 

Take a look at our comprehensive chart below detailing the differences between the flu, allergies, and cold. Then, take a quiz provided by the CDC to see if your symptoms warrant medical attention for COVID-19.

Coronavirus or Allergy Symptom? – Curist

by Waverly Yang, The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, and Dr. Marc Goldstein, MD, Curist Medical Advisor. 

Curist delivers FDA-approved medicines to your door at half the price of traditional brands. We hope everyone stays safe and healthy during this time.

Millions of Americans are watching themselves and their loved ones for potential symptoms of the novel coronavirus (known as SARS-CoV-2). With the allergy season here, many Americans will likely experience seasonal allergy symptoms, some of which may cause anxiety about whether the symptoms are signs of coronavirus (COVID-19).

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms include:

  • Fever or chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches
  • New loss of taste or smell
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Itchy ears and itchy ear lobes, however, are not a reported symptom of coronavirus (COVID-19).  In the absence of the aforementioned common coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms or recent contact with someone who may be infected with coronavirus, it is unlikely that someone experiencing itchy ears alone has coronavirus (COVID-19).

The most common culprits for itchy ears include allergies, followed by ear infection, skin eczema or earwax buildup.  Allergies are the most common cause for itchy ears. Allergies may also be accompanied by sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, and watery or itchy eyes. While allergy symptoms can sometimes be confused for coronavirus infections, itchy ears have not been a reported symptom of coronavirus (COVID-19).

To learn about other allergy symptoms, check out:

Ear infections, as well as upper respiratory infections from common cold viruses and flu (but not COVID-19), may similarly cause inflammation that creates an itchy feeling in your ears. Having earwax buildup can also cause irritation and itching in your ears, as well as a temporarily reduced hearing ability.

Itchy ear lobes and itchy outer ears are both symptoms of allergies, particularly contact allergies from metals or suncreens or from skin eczema. Itchiness from non-allergy related ear infections or earwax buildup are less likely to cause itchiness in the ear lobe or outer ear. Neither itchy ear lobes nor itchy outer ears have been reported as coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms.

Finding relief for your itchy ears may depend on what’s causing the itching in the first place. It’s important to NOT stick anything into your ears (cotton tips, tweezers, etc.) as they can cause damage to the ear canal and ear drum.  Here are a few things you can do instead:

  • Allergies: If you think the itchiness may be caused by allergies, the best form of relief is taking an antihistamine, like non-drowsy Curist Allergy Relief.
  • Ear infection: If your ears have also been feeling hot and painful to the touch, leaking discharge or fluid, or experiencing hearing loss, then please contact your doctor about getting treatment.
  • Earwax buildup: There are a few OTC ear wax removal products and ear drops that may help remove mild buildup. However, if OTC options aren’t helping, your doctor may help remove heavier buildup at their office.

To minimize the spread of coronavirus, it’s very important to practice the following steps to protect yourself and others:

  • Wash Your Hands. Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have access to a sink, you can also clean your hands with a hand sanitizer made of at least 60% alcohol.
  • Social Distance. If possible, practice social distancing to protect yourself and minimize the spread of the coronavirus to others. If staying home isn’t an option, then try to keep a 6-foot distance between yourself and others, avoid touching hard surfaces, and wash your hands often.
  • Wear a Mask. Wear a mask to reduce the spread of airborne droplets that carry coronavirus. To learn more about mask options, see Coronavirus Masks: N95 vs KN95 vs Surgical vs Cloth.
  • Treat Your Allergies. The discomfort of allergies can cause you to touch your face, nose, and mouth more frequently than usual. It’s important to avoid touching your face, and treating your allergies makes this easier. Take the Curist Two-Minute Allergy Quiz to help find allergy medicine that works to treat your itchiness. 
  • Seek medical attention. If you begin experiencing fever, cough, or shortness of breath, or have been in contact with someone diagnosed with coronavirus (COVID-19), reach out to your doctor about getting tested for COVID-19.

For more information about coronavirus, please visit the CDC website. As always, if you are not feeling well, please reach out to your medical provider or call 911 for medical emergencies.

Allergies, Cold, Flu or COVID-19? How to Tell the Difference

In today’s world, with every sneeze, cough or tickle in the throat, many people wonder: Do I have COVID-19? For the millions of allergy suffers around the country, this question becomes a little more complex — allergies or COVID-19 (also known as the coronavirus), or perhaps a cold or the flu? Following are ways to tell if you are suffering from allergies, a cold or the flu, or if you should call you physician and get tested for COVID-19.

Also, below is a podcast with Sara Narayan, MD, Allergy and Immunology Specialist discussing how to tell the difference between allergies and COVID-19. 

For any non-emergency health concern, contact your physician or visit an urgent care center where doctors can examine you and determine the best treatment. COVID-19 symptoms vary broadly and can range from mild to severe.

Allergies

Allergy symptoms range from mild to severe and can occur seasonally or be present year-long. In patients with asthma, allergies can cause a cough, wheeze and shortness of breath. Allergies are caused by your immune system overreacting to normal things in your environment — such as pollen, dust, mold, pet dander — and are not contagious. Medications can typically treat your symptoms and allergy immunotherapy — allergy shots — can often help patients find long-term relief.

Common Allergy Symptoms

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy or watery eyes
  • Itchy nose or ears
  • Post-nasal drip (which can sometimes cause a mild sore throat)
  • Mild fatigue

COVID-19

The coronavirus (COVID-19) is a viral illness spread through droplets via coughing, sneezing, and close personal contact. Symptoms typically start between 2-14 days after exposure and will typically resolve within ~14 days after onset, whether the symptoms are mild, moderate or severe. It is important to note that if you have received the COVID-19 vaccine, it is still possible you can get COVID-19. If you are vaccinated and test positive for COVID-19, your symptoms are expected to be milder.

Common COVID-19 Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Intense fatigue, body aches
  • Loss of smell

Key Points to Determine Allergies or COVID-19 Infection

1) Time line and past history.

  • Often people with allergies have a history of seasonal allergies.
  • Allergy symptoms tend to be more long-lasting than viral symptoms.

2) Allergy symptoms often respond to allergy medications.
3) Allergies typically make people itchy. Itchiness is not a symptom of viral illness.
4) Patients with allergies do not develop a fever. Often people with COVID-19 do.
5) Patients with allergies may also have asthma, which can cause coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. COVID-19 typically does not cause wheezing.

 

Allergies, Cold, Flu, or COVID-19 Checklist

Use this handy chart to identify your symptoms and help determine what health issue you may be suffering from.

COMMON SYMPTOMS FOR ALLERGIES, COLD, FLU & COVID-19
















SYMPTOMS ALLERGIES COLD FLU COVID-19
Body Aches Rarely
Chills No No
Fever No Rarely
Headache Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes
Nasal Congestion Sometimes Sometimes
Runny Nose Sometimes Rarely
Sneezing Sometimes Rarely
Itchy/Watery Eyes No No No
Dry Cough Sometimes
Shortness of Breath Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes
Wheezing Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes
Loss of Smell Mild Rarely Rarely
Sore Throat Sometimes Sometimes
Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea No Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes

For any medical issue, it is best to contact your physician or visit an urgent care center where medical experts can examine you and determine the best treatment. Emerson Hospital offers COVID-19 testing with a physician’s order. Read our COVID-19 testing FAQs.

This information was provided by Dr. Sara Narayan, allergist with Allergy West.

Emerson Podcast: Allergies or COVID-19? How to Tell the Difference

Dr. Sara Narayan, an Allergist with Allergy West, affiliated with Emerson Hospital, explains the difference between allergies and COVID-19.

 

Visit our podcast page to find the latest episode or subscribe to the Health Works Here Podcast on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Podcasts, and wherever podcasts can be heard.

Support Emerson Hospital

Thank you for reading our article on COVID-19 symptoms. As a community hospital we rely on the support of our community to continue to provide our local health care needs. We welcome your help in fostering a healthy community. If this content has helped you in an way, please consider making an online gift to Emerson Hospital so that we can continue to support our community’s health needs.

Related Articles

Should you get tested or is it allergies?

Pennsylvania hospitals are seeing an increase in patients who want to know if they have the coronavirus, formally known as COVID-19, or if they are experiencing their usual spring allergies. 

But health officials say the emergency room shouldn’t be their first stop if they are experiencing mild symptoms. 

If a person is at home feeling any of the three key symptoms — fever, cough, shortness of breath — WellSpan Health is advising patients to first use its coronavirus assessment tool on its website at www.WellSpan.org/coronavirus. Scroll to the bottom of the page to take the assessment.

Patients can also set up an online urgent care appointment to be seen remotely at www.WellSpan.org/OUC. 

Pennsylvania hospitals, and state and federal medical officials, are all recommending that patients with mild symptoms should check with their primary care physicians first. 

If you do not have a regular doctor, you are advised to call your county health department or the state Department of Health. The state department can be reached at 1-877-PA-HEALTH (1-877-724-3258). 

“If you are worried but well, please stay home,” according to an advisory from the Pennsylvania Department of Health. “Going to a hospital or doctor’s office when well adds a higher number of people and can overwhelm medical staff.” 

Coronavirus vs. allergies symptoms

Symptoms of coronavirus can sometimes be confused with seasonal allergies or the flu. These explanations from hospitals can help to spot the differences.  

The following coronavirus symptoms appear 2 to 14 days after exposure, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: 

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Less frequently, coronavirus also causes aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea, according to the World Health Organization.

The main difference between coronavirus and allergy symptoms is that allergies do not cause a fever, according to the CDC. 

The American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology identifies these symptoms of allergies: 

  • Runny nose, stuffy nose, and/or sneezing
  • Wheezing or shortness of breath
  • Dry cough
  • Rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Itchy, watery or puffy eyes
  • Itchy nose, throat and ears

The main difference between coronavirus and flu symptoms is that the flu rarely, if ever, causes shortness of breath, according to the CDC. 

The CDC and WHO identify these main flu symptoms: 

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Headache
  • Aches and pains
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue

Something that the coronavirus and flu have in common is that they both may be prevented by frequent, thorough hand washing, coughing into your elbow, staying home when you’re sick and limiting contact with people who are infected, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.

Candy Woodall is a reporter for the USA Today Network. She can be reached at 717-480-1783 or on Twitter at @candynotcandace.

This coverage is only possible with support from our readers. Sign up today for a digital subscription.

Why Do My Ears and Throat Itch?

Have you ever had to ask yourself, “Why do my ears and throat itch so bad?” You’re not alone. Itchy ears and throat are common conditions that can quickly grow from an uncomfortable distraction to a full sinus infection. However, when diagnosed and treated properly, these symptoms are not harmful and are easily cured. 

Learn more about these conditions so that the next time you ask yourself, “Why do my ears and throat itch?” you’ll know how to nip your discomfort in the bud. 

What causes an itchy throat and ears? Pt. 1: Interrelated sinus issues.

Since the ears, nose, and throat are all connected, it’s relatively easy for one issue to create a domino effect throughout the whole system. For instance, you may experience an itchy throat due to post-nasal drip. 

Post-nasal drip can be temporarily caused by allergies, certain weather conditions, the common cold, and even sinusitis. It is a common diagnosis that is caused by your body producing excess mucus. It is felt mainly in the back of the nose and throat, but can also lead to itchy ears if your sinuses are not draining properly. 

(Speaking of post-nasal drip, have you ever wondered where does sinus drainage go? Check out our post to learn more!) 

What causes an itchy throat and ears? Pt. 2: Allergies and other causes. 

If the itch in your ears is not caused by excessive earwax, you could also be experiencing allergic rhinitis or hay fever. This can occur when your immune system reacts to particles in your environment that are otherwise not harmful, such as pollen, mold or pet dander. These allergens may also cause an itchy throat, cough, itchy eyes, and other signs of irritation. 

In some cases, you may experience itchy ears at night more intensely due to your body’s daily cycles of temperature regulation and fluid balance. In other words, your itching may worsen as the result of a rise in skin temperature or your skin losing more water at night. 

Finally, you may experience itchy inner ears due to an ear infection, dry ears, otitis externa (swimmers ear) or food allergies. If you suspect it is a food allergy, your mouth may swell in addition to your ears and throat.

But why does my inner ear itch? 

Meanwhile, if you’re thinking, “Why does my inner ear itch,” it could be the result of suddenly having so much ear wax. Ear wax is the body’s way of cleaning out dead skin cells and dirt, but an influx of earwax can make your ears itch. Ear wax buildup can result from frequently wearing headphones, wearing a hearing aid, or simply being prone to natural buildup. In any case, you should never attempt to remove heavy buildup on your own as you could cause damage to your inner ear. 

A note on safely removing earwax

Before you reach for the q-tip, remember that, if pushed too far, a q-tip can cause irreversible damage to the eardrum that can lead to infection or hearing loss. Instead, use a q-tip to clean only the outside of your ears, rather than inside the ear canal.

If you’d prefer to avoid q-tips all together, you can also gently remove earwax by wetting a washcloth with warm water and gliding it around the outside ear. 

To soften earwax, use an eyedropper to apply a few drops of baby oil inside your ear canal. After a few days, use an eyedropper to apply warm water, then irrigate. You can also soften earwax with over-the-counter ear drops

How to get rid of your itchy ears and throat 

Now that you know the answer to, “Why do my ears and throat itch?” you probably want to know how to make the itching stop. Fortunately, you can treat most causes of itchy ears and an itchy throat using over-the-counter medicines. 

You may also find relief by taking advantage of the following natural home remedies:

  • Purchasing a humidifier to keep your sinuses open and hydrated
  • Sleeping on propped up pillows to combat drainage issues
  • Getting tested for any food allergies to avoid
  • Learning about the best foods to clear sinuses
  • Staying up to date on the Houston pollen count so you can plan to remain indoors when counts are high. 

If your itchy ears and throat evolve to drainage and stuffy sinuses that lasts longer than 10 days, visit your local ENT doctor in Houston as soon as possible, as they may be a sign of a larger medical issue. Should your itchy ears and throat be caused by recurrent sinus issues, such as chronic sinus infection or chronic allergies, your ENT may recommend more proactive treatments such as Clarifix for Rhinitis or Balloon sinuplasty.

Find relief from your itchy ears and throat at Kaplan Sinus Relief

Whether you’re wondering “Why do my ears and throat itch?” or “Why do I have so much ear wax all of a sudden?” your local ENT is one of the best resources for receiving treatment.

At Kaplan Sinus Relief, we have the experience necessary to properly diagnose your condition and find the right procedure for you. Give us a call today at 713-766-1818 or visit our request an appointment online.

More Helpful Articles from Kaplan Sinus Relief

Why Do Your Ears Itch When You Have a Cold or the Flu?

Itchy ears can be a sign of a few different conditions, including the common cold. Itchy ears can be annoying and uncomfortable but is a symptom that should be paid attention to. Usually, when part of the seasonal cold, itchy ears are nothing to worry about, although when joined by other symptoms, it can be a sign of something more serious. 

Cold, flu and allergies can all cause itchy ears. By treating the cause, you can ease the annoyance of itchy ears. Itchy ears can sometimes be accompanied by hearing loss. This hearing loss can be temporary, caused by your cold, or can be more serious, caused by the flu virus. Knowing the difference and when to seek medical attention is very important if you are going to protect your hearing. 

Common cold

A cold is one of the most common afflictions people can get. Most adults will experience two or three colds a year. A cold can be caused by many different viruses, and are spread when someone infected sneezes or coughs, leaving droplets containing the virus into the air. 

A cold is not serious but can be annoying. You will usually experience symptoms over a few days, including:

  • A runny nose
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • A sore throat
  • Aches and pains
  • Headaches

Your ears can be affected by a cold, thanks to congestion that makes the ears feel thick, congested and itchy. 

Treatment

A mild cold or allergy treatments can be treated at home with pain relief, decongestants, and antihistamines that can be bought over the counter without a prescription. To relieve itchy ears, try an oral or cream-based antihistamine, such as fexofenadine, diphenhydramine or loratadine. Oral antihistamines are more common, but the same brands often offer topical formulas as well. Ask your pharmacists. 

If your symptoms are severe or lingering, you should consider calling your doctor. 

There is no cure for the common cold, but you can relieve some of your symptoms. Take an over the counter pain reliever, and try decongestant pills or nasal sprays. Combination cold medicines also work well. Most colds will clear up on their own within seven to ten days. If you have symptoms for more than two weeks or get worse instead of better, see your doctor. 

Why do my ears itch? 

The outer ear is the outside part of your ear and ear canal. When you are unwell, the outer ear can become swollen or red. Infection usually occurs in the middle ear, where your Eustachian tube is. This part of the ear acts as a pressure release valve. When this becomes clogged with mucus, pressure builds up, causing hearing difficulty and itchiness in the ear. The inner ear is filled with fluid. This can also become infected, which leads to dizziness and ringing in the ear, or potentially a loss of balance. 

Colds and allergies are the most likely to cause an infection of the middle ear. After a few days of cold symptoms like a stuffy nose, the lining of the middle ear becomes irritated. This irritation then blocks the Eustachian tube, making the ears itchy, full, or congested. You might experience a popping of the ears or hearing loss, which resolves itself when the cold has passed. 

The flu can also cause similar symptoms in the ears, which tend to resolve themselves. However, the flu can also cause sensorineural hearing loss, which is more serious. This is when the nerves in the inner ear that transmits sound signals to the brain become damaged. This happens when the flu virus attacks the inner ear. This hearing loss can be permanent if not spotted and treated very quickly. It can be difficult to diagnose, so if you have the flu and experience any hearing loss, seek the advice of your health care professional immediately to protect your hearing.

If you are concerned about itchy ears caused by a cold or the flu, you can speak to your doctor or to an ENT specialist. They can advise you on the cause of your ear problems and identify the seriousness of the problem. While itchy ears are usually nothing to worry about, all symptoms in the ear should be monitored carefully, in case it develops into something more serious, so you can best protect your very precious hearing. 

If you want to find out more about ear, nose, and throat conditions, including itchy ears or the hearing loss caused by colds and flu, then call Golla ENT on 412-963-1537, for advice, diagnosis and treatment. 


Why eyes itch

The left palm itches for money, the right leg for friendship, and lips for a kiss. But if your eyes itch, you should think about whether the folk omens are really right – after all, frequent itching in the eyes, on the eyelids and in the area of ​​the eyelashes is the first sign of demodicosis.

What is blepharitis of demodectic etiology?

Redness of the eyes and skin of the eyelids, inflammation, crusts after sleep, sticky discharge, loss of eyelashes – all these are symptoms of blepharitis of demodectic etiology.This disease is caused by the microscopic demodex mite, which lives in the hair and sebaceous follicles of human skin. This mite is very common and many doctors consider it even a saprophyte – after all, it is found in 80% of the world’s population. For the time being, the presence of a tick does not bother a person in any way, but as soon as the immune system is slackened, the harmless inhabitant of the skin turns into a mortal enemy. Demodex can not only cause the symptoms listed at the beginning of the paragraph, but also go down to the skin of the face, forming colonies in the nasolabial folds, ears, on the cheeks and the bridge of the nose, causing unbearable itching, constant relapses of acne and rosacea.

Where can I get tested for demodicosis?

You can check your skin for demodicosis at a dermatovenerologist, and your eyes and eyelids at an ophthalmologist. Diagnostics is done using a microscope, for this, several eyelashes or skin scrapings from various areas of the face are taken from the patient for analysis. When making a diagnosis, not only the presence, but also the number of mites in the scraping is taken into account.

How is demodicosis treated?

Treatment of eyelid demodicosis is divided into 2 stages – antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory therapy and a complex of hygienic procedures.Note! Recently, a number of doctors adhere to the point of view that demodicosis is a contact disease and that it is transmitted within the family – therefore, it is important that, even in the absence of symptoms, eyelid hygiene is observed not only by the patient, but also by his relatives living with him under the same roof.

The complex of eyelid hygiene includes three stages: cleansing the surface of the eyelids, warm compresses, self-massage of the eyelids.

How to cleanse the eyelids?

Not all cleansing is equally beneficial.Ophthalmologists recommend that the eyelid cleansing procedure be carried out with products containing soft, hypoallergenic surfactants in small quantities. The correct eyelid product should contain not only surfactants and a base, but also caring components. And be sure to be sold in a pharmacy, and not in a cosmetics store. For example, the Geltek-Medica company, together with specialists from the Research Institute of Eye Diseases of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, has developed such a drug as Blepharo Shampoo – it contains a mild surfactant (similar to that used in “tearless” shampoos for babies), water-soluble olive oil, extracts of chamomile, witch hazel, calendula, green tea.

What is eyelid hygiene?

Whichever gentle cleanser you use, a mandatory action after using products containing surfactants is toning. In eyelid hygiene, the toning process is combined with warm compresses, which are equally important for the eyelids and glands in their thickness. Warm compresses help to soften and remove secretions from the sebaceous glands, thereby restoring the production of a tear film that protects the eye from harmful environmental influences.For warm compresses, solutions are used that have a sorbing, detoxifying effect. A budget solution for toning the skin of the eyelids and warm compresses is Blefaroltion – it contains polyvinylpyrrolidone and a specially selected complex of extracts of “ophthalmic” herbs – calendula, chamomile, green tea.

How to clean your eyelids?

If there is inflammation or irritation on the skin of the eyelids, it is advisable to use sterile single-use preparations for cleansing the eyelids and warm compresses, for example, a special wet “Blepharo Napkin”, indicated for use also on the wound surface or in the postoperative period.

The final stage of eyelid hygiene is a light self-massage of the eyelid skin with Blepharogels. Such self-massage relieves the feeling of fatigue from the eyelids, moisturizes the skin, and normalizes the work of the glands that produce tears. Blepharogel is available in 2 forms – Blefarogel No. 1 is indicated for use for prophylaxis and daily care for relatively healthy people, Blepharogel No. 2 is prescribed for already diagnosed inflammatory diseases, including demodicosis of the eyelid skin.

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  • Diongue K., Diallo MA., Sarr L., Seck MC., Bréchard L., Ndiaye M., Badiane AS., Ranque S., Ndiaye D. Pulmonary Madurella mycetomatis mycetoma secondary to knee eumycetoma, Senegal. // PLoS Negl Trop Dis – 2021 – Vol15 – N3 – p.e0009238; PMID: 33764976
  • Knop M., Alelq N., Kubieniec ME., Giehl K. [Palmoplantar dermatoses in children]. // Hautarzt – 2021 – Vol72 – N3 – p.215-224; PMID: 33580281
  • Machado GDRM., Pippi B., Berlitz S., Diedrich D., Defferrari D., Lopes W., Gnoatto SCB., Kulkamp-Guerreiro IC., Vainstein MH., Jean M., Van de Weghe P., de Andrade SF., Fuentefria AM. Ex vivo potential of a quinoline-derivative nail lacquer as a new alternative for dermatophytic onychomycosis treatment. // J Med Microbiol – 2021 – Vol70 – N3 – p .; PMID: 33502306
  • Sayabovorn N., Chongtrakool P., Chayakulkeeree M. Cryptococcal fungemia and Mycobacterium haemophilum cellulitis in a patient receiving ruxolitinib: a case report and literature review. // BMC Infect Dis – 2021 – Vol21 – N1 – p.27; PMID: 33413168
  • Aizenberg DJ.Common Complaints of the Hands and Feet. // Med Clin North Am – 2021 – Vol105 – N1 – p. 187-197; PMID: 33246518
  • Boanimbek B., Aznague Y., Abass GO., Khir FE., Benhima MA., Abkari I., Saidi H. Madura’s foot: reasons for the delay in diagnosis and consequences for the management (a case report). // Pan Afr Med J – 2020 – Vol37 – NNULL – p.75; PMID: 33244338
  • Izri A., Aljundi M., Billard-Pomares T., Fofana Y., Marteau A., Ferreira TG., Brun S., Caux F., Akhoundi M. Molecular identification of Actinomadura madurae isolated from a patient originally from Algeria ; observations from a case report.// BMC Infect Dis – 2020 – Vol20 – N1 – p.829; PMID: 33176717
  • Eşkut N., Gedizlioğlu M., Ünal O., Özlü C., Ergene U. Acute fluconazole toxicity: a case presenting with protean manifestations including systemic and neurologic symptoms. // Postgrad Med – 2021 – Vol133 – N2 – p.250-252; PMID: 33176551
  • Gupta AK., Taborda VBA., Taborda PRO., Shemer A., ​​Summerbell RC., Nakrieko KA. High prevalence of mixed infections in global onychomycosis. // PLoS One – 2020 – Vol15 – N9 – p.e0239648; PMID: 32991597
  • Holoubek J., Knoz M., Lipový B., Bartošková J., Kocmanová I., Hanslianová M., Krtička M., Kubek T. Rare Mucor circinelloides and Fusarium infection in latissimus free flap reconstruction after devastating foot injury in non- neutropenic patient. // Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol – 2020 – Vol69 – N2 – p.81-86; PMID: 32819107

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Causes and treatment of itching in the ears

Itchy skin is a natural reaction of the body.But if the itching in the ears is constant and unbearable, then this is already a cause for concern. Such itching signals possible violations, and they need to be identified and eliminated as soon as possible.

Never scratch your ear with improvised means, especially sharp ones. You can worsen the condition to the point of damage to the eardrum, which can lead to a decrease or complete loss of hearing. Contact an otolaryngologist right away, who will return you comfort and peace of mind.

External stimuli

Ears can be scratched inside and out for everyone. This is not always a consequence of pathological diseases. Perhaps the reason lies in external stimuli.

  • Water ingress. Bathing can cause water to enter the ear canal and cause discomfort. To eliminate it, just tilt your head to the side and wait until the liquid comes out.
  • Accumulation of sulfur. Large amounts of sulfur, mixed with sweat and fat, can also cause itching.It is easy to get rid of it with the help of careful hygiene of the ear cavities with cotton swabs. Only it is better to use them after a shower, when the sulfur has softened. It is not necessary to insert the stick too deeply, as this can cause the opposite effect – the substance is compacted and forms a cork.
  • Allergic reaction. Ears inside can be scratched as a result of hygiene products getting into them, which cause irritation of the mucous membranes. External itching can be triggered by hats, headphones, and earrings due to material allergies.
  • Ingress of dirt particles. An itchy ear reaction can occur from dust or debris accumulation. It should also be carefully removed.

Diseases and infections

In addition to external causes, itching outside and inside the ear can be caused by serious diseases and infections

  • Fungal contamination. If the ear is affected by the fungus, itching, inflammation and redness are observed. When water gets in, it starts to itch even more.
  • Skin diseases. Pathologies such as psoriasis, eczema, or dermatitis can spread to any part of the body, including the ears, with scaly and rash formation and itching.
  • Colds. Itchy ears can be caused by irritation and inflammation of the throat, pharynx, or nose.
  • Insects. In rare cases, itching can be caused by parasites such as itch mites entering the ear. In addition to unbearable scratching, there is an unpleasant crawling sensation.

Detection and treatment of ear diseases

It is impossible to cope with itchy ears on your own. You need to contact an otolaryngologist. The specialist will conduct a thorough diagnosis. If a large accumulation of sulfur, water, dirt particles or wounds is detected, the problem is solved by washing or treating the ear.

If inflammation is detected and an infection or fungus is suspected, it is necessary to identify the pathogen and select the appropriate drug.If there are dermatological manifestations of the disease, the otolaryngologist will refer you to a dermatologist. For other pathologies, you should consult a specialized doctor.

If ​​you gently clean your ears, wipe your phone and headphones with disinfectant solutions, give preference to hypoallergenic cosmetics and clothing made from natural materials, as well as dress for the weather and treat colds in a timely manner, then the risk of itching inside and outside the ears is minimal.

If your ears itch – do not tolerate it! Make an appointment with an otolaryngologist. He will find and eliminate the cause of the problem for your comfortable life.

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90,000 7 symptoms that indicate a violation of eye health

The occurrence of unpleasant symptoms in the eye area, such as itching, redness, etc., may indicate a violation of their health.These symptoms should not be ignored to avoid future vision problems. This is especially true for symptoms such as pain, changes in vision, sensitivity to light, or any other signs that persist for a long time.

Red eyes, both itchy and watery. These symptoms may indicate the development of allergic conjunctivitis – a reaction to pollen, pet hair, or other components in the external environment. As noted by Tim Mainardi, an allergist at New York-Presbyterian / Weill Cornell Medicine, USA, to eliminate these symptoms, you need to get rid of their trigger and take an antihistamine.You can also see your doctor for a prescription for eye drops designed to combat allergic conjunctivitis.

Red eyes with the discharge of a dense mass, irritating the skin around the eyes, along with itching. These symptoms may indicate the development of infectious conjunctivitis – bacterial or viral. Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious. To reduce irritation and swelling in this pathology, you can purchase eye drops or apply cold compresses to the eyes.With the development of bacterial conjunctivitis, it is worth consulting a doctor, as antibiotics may be required. In case of profuse discharge from the eyes, pain, sensitivity to light, excessive redness of the eyes and blurred vision, it is worth seeking help from an ophthalmologist.

Painful lump on the edge of one eye or under the eyelid. The appearance of such a symptom may indicate the appearance of barley on the eye. In this situation, it may be necessary to drain the contents of the barley.If barley causes severe discomfort and is accompanied by soreness, it is worth consulting an ophthalmologist about this, as it may be necessary to prescribe an antibiotic eye ointment. Warm compresses can also be used to relieve the condition.

Red eyes. Sensation of grit in the eyes. This can be dry eye syndrome, a condition in which the eyes do not get enough moisture, for example, due to inflammation of the eyelids or irregular blinking while working in front of a computer monitor.Dry eyes can also be a side effect of certain medications, hormonal fluctuations or prolonged contact lens wear. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms, you should stay away from air conditioners and supply and exhaust ventilation, which dry the air, and purchase an air humidifier. It may be helpful to use eye drops to replace tears, or to include foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids, such as oily fish, in the diet.

In more severe cases, it may be necessary to prescribe drug therapy. In such cases, it is worth contacting an ophthalmologist.

Red eyes. Sensation of grit in the eyes, with irritation on the skin along the lash line. These symptoms may indicate the development of blepharitis. Eye hygiene is essential to eliminate them. Warm compresses and the use of tear substitutes in the form of eye drops can help reduce the severity of symptoms, which can help reduce irritation and burning sensation in the eyes.

Red eyes. Persistent blurred vision or sharp pain after a blow to the eye or a foreign object hitting it

These symptoms may indicate damage to the cornea of ​​the eye. If they appear, you need to see a doctor.

Red eyes that itch / watery (no discharge, gritty eyes, painful bumps, or persistent blurred vision). Symptoms of eye fatigue that do not require an appointment with an ophthalmologist and, as a rule, go away on their own.

Based on materials from www.health.com

90,000 Allergic reactions to the eyes | Théa

Allergy is the body’s response to contact with an allergen. In fact, this is an enhanced reaction of the immune system to any substance foreign to the body. The eye (eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea) is in direct contact with the environment and therefore is most often prone to allergic reactions. So, about 40-60% of people suffering from allergic diseases show symptoms in the eye area, causing them serious inconvenience.In this section, you will find information on how allergic eye reactions manifest themselves, what are their main causes, and how to carry out treatment and hygiene.

Definition

The main forms of allergic reactions on the eyes are …

Allergic conjunctivitis

The most common form of an allergic reaction in the eyes in adults and children is allergic conjunctivitis, an immune response to contact with an allergen.An allergic reaction affects the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that covers the eyeball (the “white” of the eye).

There are several types of allergic conjunctivitis. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is caused by hypersensitivity to pollen. With this type, allergic reactions develop in spring and early summer. For the rest of the year, allergy symptoms do not appear.

Year-round allergic conjunctivitis mainly affects adults. It lasts all year round and has nothing to do with seasonal changes.The development of this type of conjunctivitis is associated with the constant presence of the allergen.

This type of environmental reaction can also cause atopic conjunctivitis, which usually presents with general signs of atopy, such as eczema or asthma.

Keratitis

Keratoconjunctivitis is also a type of allergic reaction on the part of the organ of vision. Although rare, it still causes more severe eye damage.

Spring keratoconjunctivitis is a serious form of conjunctivitis in children. It mainly affects boys between the ages of 4 and puberty.

In every second case, this condition is associated with another type of allergic reactions from the eyes, three out of ten patients have a history of atopic disease. This is a hypersensitivity reaction to environmental factors, but a genetic predisposition is also possible.

Allergic reactions on the eyelids

Allergic reactions can appear on the eyelids, most often in the form of eczema, but many factors are often involved in this process.For example, in the case of chronic blepharitis (blepharitis = inflammation of the eyelids) in adults, allergy plays a leading role.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of eye allergic reactions?

Symptoms of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis are itching, a foreign body sensation in the eye (“sand” in the eyes), and swollen eyelids. Redness of the eyes is common. These symptoms are often accompanied by manifestations from other organs (rhinitis and other respiratory symptoms).

Symptoms of perennial conjunctivitis are often less severe, but last throughout the year.

Infectious diseases of the cornea of ​​the eye are characterized by lacrimation, pain (sometimes severe) in the eyes and intolerance to light (photophobia).

Reasons

What factors trigger allergies?

A distinction should be made between seasonal and chronic allergens. They have different effects on the body and should be treated separately.

The most common cause of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is plant pollen. An estimated 10 to 40% of the world’s population suffers from pollen allergies in the spring, and this number has been growing steadily over the past thirty years. Pollen of anemophilous plants, in particular, has a pronounced allergenicity. It is a very light pollen that is produced in significant quantities by plants, carried by the wind and dispersed everywhere. Anemophiles are herbaceous plants that make up an important botanical group.For example, these are forage grasses in gardens, on roadsides, cereals and cereals in agricultural fields. The pollen of some trees is also highly allergenic (birch, cypress, oak).

Other allergens, called “household” allergens, lead to the development of chronic forms of allergic reactions in the eyes. Household allergens include dust mites, house dust, particles of the epidermis, and mold. These allergens are constantly present in the home, so symptoms persist.

Air pollution (ozone, smoke with a large amount of chemicals) can also contribute to the development of allergic reactions, including irritating the mucous membranes of the eyes.

A patient’s history of allergic diseases and atopic symptoms may explain the occurrence of certain eye diseases, as well as reactions to ingredients in cosmetics and contact lenses.

It should be noted that people with food allergies, such as seafood allergies, or allergic reactions to stings or injections (allergy to bee stings or allergic reactions to penicillin) do not experience immediate eye allergy symptoms.

Treatment and eye care

How to relieve eye allergy symptoms?

It is necessary to consult a doctor to prescribe the appropriate treatment. Allergy testing and testing with an allergist may be required. In some cases, an allergist will suggest desensitization, which will slowly reduce symptoms.

It is very important to determine the cause of the allergic reaction in order to further limit contact with the allergen.

To remove the allergen from the surface of the eyes, it is recommended to carry out daily hygiene of the eyelids with specially developed eye products. Use Teagel ® , a sterile hypoallergenic eyelash and eyelash gel, morning and evening. It is also convenient to use special wipes for cleansing the eyelids and eyelash edge Blefaklin ® .

In case of conjunctivitis or keratoconjunctivitis, in addition to daily eyelid hygiene, the doctor will recommend antiallergic treatment to help relieve the symptoms.

To resist household allergens, avoid using carpets, coarse wool, woolen blankets. Clean regularly and change your bedding regularly. Open doors and windows for 15 minutes every day to ventilate the premises. Control the optimal humidity level in the room.

A dog itches – what to do with severe itching in a dog – ProPlan.ru

Infection occurs through contact with sick dogs, and is also transmitted through care items.When carrying out treatment, it is necessary to process not only the animal itself, but also the room where it lives, since the parasite remains viable in the external environment for a long time. This rule applies to the treatment of any parasitic disease.

Diagnosis is by ear swab examination. Ticks are clearly visible under a microscope. Otodectosis responds fairly well to treatment. But, as mentioned above, diagnosis and therapy should be carried out only by a veterinarian.

Skin diseases

The skin has the most powerful protective properties, but if they are disturbed for some reason, the normal microflora that is present on the skin can become active and cause inflammation.

Pyoderma is a purulent inflammation of the superficial and deep layers of the skin caused by bacteria (staphylococci, streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and others). Most often, bacterial dermatitis is the result of other skin diseases or a general weakening of the immune system.Any damage to the skin can cause pyoderma, for example, allergic reactions, parasitic diseases, mechanical injury or chemical exposure.

With this disease, the dog experiences itching, areas with sticky fur with an unpleasant odor appear on its body, purulent discharge on the skin. In areas with a small amount of hair, scratching marks, dry crusts or compaction can be seen. The dog becomes restless, cannot find a place for himself, constantly itches. Manifestations can be different: interdigital pododermatitis, pyoderma of skin folds, pyoderma of corns (in the elbows, hocks), furunculosis (inflammation of the hair follicles), fistulas, abscesses.

Pyoderma is a disease that requires a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment. To make a diagnosis, you need to contact not just a veterinarian, but preferably a narrow-profile specialist – a dermatologist. He makes a diagnosis on the basis of a general examination and special studies (smears-prints from the skin, scrapings, etc.).

Allergy or coronavirus? How to tell? | Volzhsky news

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The Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Volgograd Region gives advice on how an allergy differs from a viral disease.

In connection with the pandemic of coronavirus infection, the question of how to distinguish hay fever from coronavirus infection arises before people, because their symptoms are often very similar.

The main symptoms of hay fever are nasal congestion, itching in the nose, sneezing, watery eyes, redness, swelling of the eyes and discomfort in the eyes, cough, sore throat.

Symptoms of coronavirus infection are somewhat similar to those of hay fever, but in addition, with this infection, there is often a loss of smell and taste.Also, patients with coronavirus infection may have a fever, general weakness.

Another difference between hay fever and coronavirus infection is that people with hay fever often complain of problems with the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat), while people with coronavirus infection are more likely to suffer from lower respiratory tract diseases ( trachea, bronchi) and respiratory organs (lungs).

On average, 16.5% of the population in the Russian Federation suffers from various allergies.Airborne allergens, which, when ingested, cause allergic reactions similar in their symptoms to coronavirus infection, are rather large particles of a complex structure. These include pollen, molds, algae, micro-mites, insect and plant particles, animal epidermis, and others. In fact, not the entire particle is an allergen, but only some of the substances that make up its composition (usually proteins and glycoproteins).

People with hay fever usually know how the disease manifests itself in them, because they have already encountered a similar condition in previous years.

If you have seasonal allergies, use the medicines previously recommended by your doctor to relieve your condition. You should also try to avoid contact with pollen as much as possible. Refrain from airing the apartment during the day and keep the windows closed. Remember that the concentration of pollen in the air is lower in the early morning and late evening.

If you have never had signs of hay fever before, or some new, unusual sensations (for example, fever, loss of smell or weakness) have joined your usual symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor.

90,000 Allergic rhinitis – what is the cause and prevention

Under the influence of various
factors of causes causing allergies are becoming more and more,
but medicine does not stand still,
are being developed
various anti-allergic medications that can help reduce allergy symptoms such as a runny nose.
is allergic rhinitis and how to deal with it.

What is allergic
rhinitis?

Allergic
rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by respiratory
allergens – pollen, dust mites, fungal mold, household
animals (their wool, urine, tears).An allergic reaction occurs at the moment
when allergens enter the human body – through the mouth, nose, skin or eyes.

What are the symptoms
allergic rhinitis?

The most common symptoms of allergic rhinitis are

  • Sneezing
  • Itchy nose
  • Itchy eyes
  • Watery nasal discharge
  • Lachrymation
    eye
  • Discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Edema
    nasal mucosa

Often
allergic rhinitis also affects social and work life.People can’t
relax during outdoor recreation, children have difficulty with
concentration in school, while adults are confronted with
problems during meetings or visits at work, because they constantly have
watery eyes, they experience an irresistible urge to sneeze, and it is also difficult
breathing through the nose, nose runny and itchy. In addition, concentration is lost due to fatigue.

What factors cause allergic rhinitis under the influence of ?

Main
the factor that causes allergic rhinitis is pollen,
carried by the wind.The wind can carry pollen hundreds of kilometers. V
depending on the place of residence and the environment, pollen activity can be observed
from early spring to late autumn. Treatment for allergic rhinitis should be started
with avoiding contact with the allergen.

Not Which Recommendations for the prevention of allergic
rhinitis without drugs
:

  • Regularly monitor the pollen in the regions.You can find out about the concentration of pollen in the air from the weather forecasts in
    News programs
  • Wear sunglasses to keep pollen out of your eyes
  • Stay indoors as much as possible in dry windy weather
    longer. However, in wet weather, pollen
    becomes heavy and close to the ground, so during this period you can
    choose time for walks
  • Keep windows tightly closed
  • Remove outer clothing and shoes before entering the room
  • Vacuum the room regularly
  • Do
    damp cleaning
  • Wash regularly
    clothes and curtains
  • Do not dry clothes outside u
  • Wash pets on the street more often

Early Spring
allergic rhinitis is caused by pollen from birch, hazel and black alder.