Puffy watery eye: Common Causes for Swollen Eyelids and Watery Eyes


Is It COVID-19 or Allergies?

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, your seasonal allergies may be adding to your anxiety about your health. Are those watery eyes and stuffy nose symptoms of the new coronavirus or allergies?

“Certain times of year are challenging for people with allergies, and now more so with COVID fears,” says James M. Huffman, MD, an ophthalmologist in central Kentucky. “Symptoms in people infected with coronavirus can differ from person to person based on their illness. Having that varying information out there can be confusing if you’re not sure what you should be looking for.”

Should I worry about my itchy, watery eyes?

One of the easiest ways to tell the difference between allergy and coronavirus symptoms is to check your eyes. If they are red, watery and itchy, these are probably signs of allergies. Coronavirus symptoms generally do not cause those uncomfortable itchy, watery eyes.

“Another key difference between seasonal allergy symptoms and coronavirus symptoms is having a fever,” explains Dr. Huffman. “Allergy sufferers do not have fever as a symptom, while coronavirus patients often do.”

What’s the connection between pink eye, allergies and coronavirus?

There are some reports that people with coronavirus may develop pink eye (conjunctivitis). Their symptoms look just like any typical conjunctivitis symptoms. But allergies can also cause the same eye symptoms—including the redness and itchiness. So how can you tell the difference?

Allergic conjunctivitis usually affects both eyes with itching, burning and redness. They may feel gritty like something is in the eye, and there may be some puffiness around the eyes. You will probably also have other allergy symptoms like a runny nose and sneezing. Another thing to note with allergic conjunctivitis is that you have it each year around the same time.

Unlike allergic conjunctivitis, viral conjunctivitis is generally an isolated incident. It also causes burning, red eyes, but there is usually a watery discharge as well (which may feel slightly thicker and stickier than tears).

Doctors would be concerned about the possibility of coronavirus if you have conjunctivitis symptoms along with:

  • fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  • bluish color to lips or face
  • chest pain or pressure
  • being extremely tired or feeling like you will collapse if you stand up
  • loss of smell/taste
  • feeling a new sense of confusion

Other possible coronavirus symptoms you won’t find with allergies include diarrhea and nausea.

If you aren’t sure about your eye symptoms …

First of all, don’t panic. If your eye allergy symptoms are not accompanied by the main symptoms of coronavirus (fever, serious breathing issues, cough, and others listed above), try treating your allergy symptoms as you usually do. If you have conjunctivitis symptoms without coronavirus symptoms, try these tips for relief. If you are still concerned about your eye symptoms, call your ophthalmologist.

If your eye allergy symptoms do include any of the coronavirus symptoms mentioned above, call your healthcare provider right away for medical advice—especially if you have breathing issues, chest pain or pressure, or fever.

Finally, remember these very important steps for taking care of your eyes and yourself: wash your hands often and properly, and avoid touching your eyes or your face.

Red, Itchy, and Watery Eyes – Oh My!

Allergic Conjunctivitis, more commonly known as Pinkeye, occurs when the clear layer of tissue lining the eyelids and covering the white of the eye (conjunctiva) become swollen or inflamed due to a reaction to pollen, dander, mold, or other allergy-causing substances.

Have allergies but not experiencing Pinkeye? Learn more about allergy immunotherapy to treat allergic rhinitis (nasal symptoms), allergic asthma, stinging insect allergy, and atopic dermatitis (eczema).

Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors

When your eyes are exposed to anything to which you are allergic, histamine is released and the blood vessels in the conjunctiva become swollen. Reddening of the eyes develops quickly, along with itching and tearing.

The pollens that cause symptoms vary from person to person and from area to area. Tiny, hard-to-see pollens that may cause Conjunctivitis or Hay Fever include grasses, ragweed, and trees.

The amount of pollen in the air can affect whether you develop symptoms. There is more likely to be increased amounts of pollen in the air on hot, dry, windy days. On cool, damp, rainy days, most pollen is washed to the ground.

Allergies tend to run in families, although they are not inherited in any obvious way. It is hard to know exactly how many people have allergies, because many different conditions are often lumped under the term “allergy.”


Symptoms may be seasonal or perennial and can include:

  • Intense itching or burning eyes
  • Puffy eyelids, especially in the morning
  • Red eyes
  • Stringy eye discharge
  • Tearing (watery eyes)
  • Widened (dilated) vessels in the clear tissue covering the white of the eye

Signs and tests

Your health care provider may look for the following to diagnose and prescribe a treatment:

  • White blood cells called eosinophils
  • Small, raised bumps on the inside of the eyelids (papillary conjunctivitis)
  • Positive skin test for suspected allergens via allergy tests


The best treatment is to avoid what causes your allergy symptoms. It may be impossible to avoid all of your triggers, but you can often take steps to reduce your exposure to triggers such as dust, mold, and pollen.

Lubricating eye drops can also help decrease symptoms. Additionally, you can relieve discomfort by applying cool compresses to the eyes or using over-the-counter oral antihistamines. However, they can sometimes make the eyes dry. 

If home-care measures do not help, you may need treatment by a health care provider. These may include antihistamine drops, anti-inflammatory drops, or mild eye steroid drops (for more severe reactions).

You may also use eye drops that prevent mast cells (a type of white blood cell) from releasing histamine. These drops are given along with antihistamines for more severe symptoms. They work best if you take them before coming into contact with the allergen.

Expectations (prognosis)

Treatment often relieves symptoms, but they can return if you are continually exposed to the allergen.


There are no serious complications besides general discomfort.

Calling your health care provider

Call your health care provider for an appointment if you are experiencing allergic conjunctivitis and it is not responding to over-the-counter treatment.




Haq SM, Singh S, Song BJ, Trocme SD. Ocular allergic disorders. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology. 2012 ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012: vol 2, chap 30.

Bielory L, Friedlaender MH. Allergic conjunctivitis. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2008;28(1):43-58.

Stock EL, Meisler DM. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane’s Ophthalmology On DVD-ROM. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012:chap 9.

Review Date: 9/3/2012.

Reviewed by: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington; and Franklin W. Lusby, MD, Ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

Eye Discharge in Dogs

August 2019

Executive Leadership, Foster Caregivers, Public, Shelter/Rescue Staff & Volunteers, Veterinary Team

Eye discharge in dogs is a symptom rather than a disease itself, and has a variety of causes. Eye discharge may be clear and runny, or it may be green/yellow and thick. If your dog’s symptoms are mild and he/she has a normal appetite and energy level, and does not have any other symptoms of illness, it is okay to monitor him/her for a few days.

Signs that Your Dog Needs to See a Veterinarian

  • Eye discharge persists for more than just a few days
  • Amount of eye discharge increases
  • Color and/or consistency of the eye discharge changes (i.e., it goes from a clear in color and a liquid consistency to yellowish/green in color and a mucous consistency)
  • Your dog is squinting, blinking excessively, and/or pawing at or rubbing his/her eyes
  • Eye(s) become swollen, cloudy, or are unable to be opened
  • Eye discharge accompanied by other signs of illness (e.g., sneezing, nasal discharge, decreased appetite, lethargy)

What You Can Do

  • If your dog allows it, you can try to wipe the eyes clean of the discharge with a moistened cotton ball, using a fresh cotton ball for each eye.
  • Avoid using over the counter eye drops on your dog unless a veterinarian specifically instructs you to do so.
  • Observe your dog for other symptoms of illness.

Common Causes of Eye Discharge

  • Inflammation of the tissue around the inner eyelids/outer eyeball (conjunctivitis) caused by allergies, environmental irritants, or certain diseases
  • Bacterial or viral infections
  • “Dry Eye”
  • Ulcer on the cornea (surface of the eye)
  • Injuries or trauma to the eye
  • Abnormal eyelids or eyelashes, eyelid tumors

Treatment of Eye Discharge

  • In minor cases of infection and inflammation, the treatment may be as simple as an antibiotic ointment put into the eye or an oral antibiotic. In the more serious cases, surgical intervention may be needed.
  • If your dog’s eye is swollen and painful, the following may be used: warm compresses applied over the eye, pain medications, and/or an eye medication that dilates the pupil.
  • If your dog has “dry eye”, treatment will include artificial tears and/or an eye medication that stimulates the eyes to make more tears.
  • It is important to remember that you must follow the treatment course prescribed by the veterinarian. Problems in the eye can rapidly decline, causing pain for the dog and eye damage that cannot be repaired.

Helpful Links

Itchy and Watery Eyes are Common Eye Problems You Need to Know

April 28, 2017



As a LASIK doctor and ophthalmologist practicing in the Atlanta area, Dr. Ashraf sees many patients with common eye disorders that may or may not be serious. Often people will call the Atlanta Vision Institute or send emails, inquiring whether certain symptoms warrant a visit to an eye doctor. Two symptoms people often ask about are itchy eyes and excessive tearing.

Chances are, you too, may have itchy or overly watery eyes at times, and be concerned that there might be a serious underlying medical problem. Or, perhaps you simply find these symptoms annoying and wonder if there is an effective treatment. Either way, here’s a brief rundown on these two very common eye complaints.

Itchy Eyes

More often than not, itchy eyes (medically known as “ocular pruritus”) are caused by allergies affecting the conjunctiva (the mucous membrane lining the inside of the eyelid and covering the exposed portion of the eyeball), due to exposure to allergens such as dust mites, mold, pollen and pet dander, insect venom, certain types of food, or even particular brands of contact lens solution or eye makeup.

Itchy eyes can also be a symptom of an underlying medical condition such as vernal keratoconjunctivitis (a type of allergic conjunctivitis), dry eye syndrome, meibomian gland dysfunction (inflammation of the eyelids), or blepharitis (an infection of the eyelids, often a precursor of meibomian gland dysfunction).

Some of the symptoms associated with itchy eyes include watering of the eyes, swollen or puffy eyelids, redness in the whites of the eyes, sinus pressure, a runny or stuffy nose, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, a sore throat, and blurred vision. These symptoms vary depending on the type and severity of the underlying condition.

The good news is that almost all of the causes mentioned above can be easily managed or treated once the appropriate diagnosis is made. If the underlying condition is an allergy, there are ways to prevent or relieve the symptoms such as avoiding specific allergens, taking medication or immunotherapy. If dry eyes are causing the itchy eyes, relief may come by using over-the-counter artificial tear eye drops. If the root cause is a bacterial infection (such as blepharitis), antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medication and/or special eyelid cleansing products may be needed.

When should you see an eye doctor for itchy eyes? We generally recommend patients come in for an eye exam if their symptoms persist, are getting worse or remain after the end of allergy season, or if over-the-counter medications don’t provide enough relief. After performing an eye exam, Dr. Ashraf will be able to recommend an effective treatment regimen for whatever is causing your itchy eyes.

Tearing or Watering Eyes (Epiphora)

Tearing or watering eyes (medically known “epiphora”) is a condition in which there is an overflow of tears onto the face. Epiphora can develop at any age, but most often occurs either in the first 12 months of life or after age 60. The condition may present symptoms in just one or both eyes. Depending on the severity of symptoms, watering eyes can make daily activities such as reading and driving difficult and uncomfortable.

What causes watery eyes? The simple answer is that either the eye is producing more tears than necessary, or the tear duct that drains the tears is blocked or malfunctioning in some way.

The most common causes of watering eyes are clogged or blocked tear ducts, or ducts that are too narrow (often due to scarring) or swollen (due to inflammation). If your tear ducts are narrowed or blocked, your tears will not be able to drain and will accumulate in the tear sac and become stagnant. This can lead to an infection, in which case the eye will produce a sticky liquid, further exacerbating the problem. Infection can also lead to inflammation on the side of the nose, next to the eye.

Another common cause of watery eyes is ocular surface irritations. The eyes may be sensitive to various environmental irritants such as smog, chemical fumes, hot wind, bright lights, blowing dust or other airborne substances (such as the smell of onions). Once irritated, the eyes may produce more tears than normal as the body tries to rinse the irritant away.

Other Causes of Watery Eyes Include:

  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Corneal ulcers
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • Blepharitis (eyelid infection)
  • An injury, scratch or abrasion to the front of the eyeball or eyelid
  • Foreign bodies (such as sand or dirt blowing in the eyes)
  • Entropion (inward-growing eyelash)
  • Ectropion (when the lower eyelid turns outwards)
  • Lagophthalmos (incomplete blink mechanism)
  • Aging
  • Chronic Sinusitis
  • Allergic conjunctivitis (allergy-causing inflammation in the front of the eye)
  • Tumors affecting tear drainage

Depending on the cause of your watery eyes, sometimes the symptoms will clear up on their own. However, if they persist, you should seek medical attention. This is especially true if you also experience changes in your vision, pain in or around your eye(s), discharges or bleeding from your eye, or if you sense a foreign object in the eye.

When you come in to see Dr. Ashraf, he will conduct a thorough examination, which will include getting a full medical history and asking you questions about your symptoms and lifestyle. Once the cause of your watery eyes has been determined, a treatment plan can be developed.

Treatment options depend on what’s causing your watery eyes and the severity of your symptoms. In mild cases, Dr. Ashraf may just recommend watchful waiting – doing nothing and monitoring the progression of your symptoms. Many times, if you have a mild case of conjunctivitis, Dr. Ashraf may prefer to wait for a week or so to see if the problem resolves itself without antibiotics.

Usually, though, specific treatments will be recommended. If the watering eye is caused by dry eyes, treatment with artificial tear products, punctal occlusion, or medication may be the solution. A patient with allergic conjunctivitis may be prescribed an antihistamine or anti-allergy drops, which are effective in bringing down the inflammation. An eyelid turned outward or an eye with tear duct blockages may need to be resolved with surgery.

Still have questions? If your itchy or watery eyes have you concerned, feel free to call us any time with questions or to schedule a consultation with Dr. Ashraf. The number to call 770-622-2488. It’s true—itchy or watery eyes often resolve themselves. But if these symptoms persist or you’re in pain, it’s always best to come in for an examination. When it comes to your eyes and your vision, you simply cannot afford to take any chances.

Persisting red, itchy, watery eyes in children may be signs of serious conditions

Apr 12 2010

When a child develops red, watery eyes, it could be just allergies – or it may be the sign of a more serious eye condition, according to a leading pediatric ophthalmologist.

According to Bibiana Jin Reiser, M.D., M.S., a pediatric ophthalmologist with The Vision Center at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, “Red, itchy, watery eyes can be a temporary allergic reaction to pollen or other environmental irritants and should go away after a few days or weeks. However, if your child has red, itchy eyes year-round, if their eyes become seriously inflamed and produce a sticky, mucous-like fluid, or if they become very sensitive to the sun, it could be the sign of a more serious condition.”

Dr. Reiser said that the common, mild form of seasonal or environmental ocular allergy is called allergic conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the thin, clear membrane covering the white part of the eye. This common condition can usually be treated effectively with eye drops or decongestants.

If your child is prone to this type of allergy, you should consider using hypoallergenic pillows, wrapping mattresses to prevent dust mites, closing windows and using air conditioning during high allergy season, removing pet dander and utilizing a vacuum with a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter.

The more serious types of conditions that may initially mimic eye allergies are atopic conjunctivitis and vernal conjunctivitis. In the former, the child has red, watery eyes year-round and in the latter during the warmer months: April to August.

In vernal conjunctivitis, the child’s eyes have severe redness and itching and may exude a sticky, mucous like substance. The child may complain of photophobia, a painful sensitivity to strong light. Vernal conjunctivitis is often seen in young males and can be associated with asthma or eczema.

Dr. Reiser said it is essential to see a family doctor or an eye doctor promptly if the child has one or more of these symptoms:

–says sunlight hurts his eyes;

–his eyes discharge a thick, mucous like substance;

–has symptoms that are not relieved by eye drops or decongestants;

–has additional allergic symptoms, like eczema or asthma.

Dr. Reiser noted that your family physician may refer you to a pediatric ophthalmologist if the symptoms persist or get worse.

“It is important to treat serious conditions like vernal conjunctivitis promptly, because if left untreated, they may lead to ulcers in the eye or even corneal scarring,” Dr. Reiser said.

Eye Problems – Managing Side Effects

Eye Problems and Cancer Treatment:

Includes: Cataracts,
conjunctivitis (pink eye),
dry eye syndrome,
glaucoma, photophobia,
and watery eyes.

Eye problems can occur for a variety of reasons.

In some cases, anti-cancer medications and medications used to reduce side
effects may contribute to the development of some eye problems. Cataracts, dry eye
syndrome, and chemo itchy eyes are some examples of eye problems resulting from
cancer treatments.

Common Examinations for Eye Problems:

The following are common exams for eye problems that your eye doctor or healthcare
provider may perform on you:

  • Fluorescein or Rose Bengal staining: To perform this exam, your
    eye care professional or healthcare provider may put special eye drops into your
    eyes. Using a special light, they can see if there are any problems with the surface
    of your eyes. This may be done if eye problems include having eye pain, trauma,
    or a feeling of itchy eyes.
  • Ophthalmoscopy: This is when your healthcare provider uses an ophthalmoscope,
    to look at the back of your eye. They can see the structures of the eye, such as
    the lens, retina, blood veins and vessels. Your healthcare practitioner may do this
    in the office, whenever you notice any eye problems.
  • Pupil dilation: The pupil is widened with special eye drops, to
    allow your healthcare provider or eye care professional to look more closely at
    the back of your eye.
  • Tonometry: This test is performed when the examiner wants to check
    the fluid pressures in the eye. It may be using a manual, hand-held device, or a
    more modern machine that blows a “puff” of air into your eye. Increased pressure
    in your eye may be a sign of glaucoma.
  • Visual acuity test: Your eye examiner will use a chart to test
    how well you can see at different distances. This test may be performed when you
    are getting new glasses or contact lenses.

Common Eye Problems:


Some medications such as bexarotene, dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, methylprednisone,
prednisone and tamoxifen (in very rare cases) may contribute to the development
of cataracts.

What is a cataract?

  • Cataracts are painless, and lead to progressive loss of vision, which occurs over
  • What happens? The lens, which is made of mostly water and protein, helps focus light
    on the retina, which is located in the back of the eye. The proteins allow light
    to pass through, so that you can see objects. A cataract is a cloudy area in the
    lens of the eye that prevents light from passing through. This causes your vision
    to become cloudier, over time, as the cataract grows larger.
  • The cataracts won’t spread from one eye to another. They usually occur in one eye.
  • Most eye problems involving cataracts occur as a result of aging. Some other things
    that could contribute to cataracts include:

    • Eye injury – from trauma, diabetes, exposure to toxic substances, or other diseases
    • Long-term use of steroids
    • Exposure to radiation, or x-ray therapy
    • Long-term exposure to sunlight, or inflammation of the eye

What are some symptoms of eye problems to look for?

  • You may experience cloudy or blurry vision.
  • You may have trouble seeing in the dark, or at night. Nighttime driving may be difficult.
  • Colors may appear to be faded, or dull.
  • You may notice that lights appear to be too bright, or that there is a halo around
  • You may have to change your eyeglasses prescription frequently.
  • You may have double vision, which worsens over time.

Note: These symptoms may be signs of other eye problems. Notify
your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned here.

Things you can do about eye problems:

  • It is important to notify your healthcare provider if you notice any change in vision
    or other eye problems that may be related to cataract formation. By using an
    eye chart, dilating your eyes, and checking the pressure of your lens (tonometry),
    your risk for developing glaucoma can be assessed.
  • Using bright light when you are trying to read may help.
  • Wear corrective lenses, such as glasses, to improve your vision.
  • If the lens becomes extremely cloudy, and you are having trouble with your vision,
    surgery may be recommended by your eye doctor.
  • Cataract surgery to correct eye problems is very common. Most eye doctors suggest
    that you wear glasses, and use bright lights if you have cataracts, before you decide
    upon surgery. The decision to have surgery should be discussed with your doctor.
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor provides.
  • Make sure to keep all appointments.
  • Do not share your medications with anyone.

Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor for eye problems:

  • There are no drugs to date that are effective in treating cataracts.

When to call your doctor or health care provider about eye problems:

  • If you develop any sudden severe eye pain.
  • If you have a sudden loss of vision, or if you see halos around your eyes.
  • If your eyes become sensitive to light.
  • If your symptoms of eye problems worsen or do not improve within 3 days of treatment.
  • As always, notify your doctor or healthcare provider if you are concerned about
    any of the symptoms you are experiencing.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems or other medical conditions is meant
to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.


Some medications such as capecitabine, carmustine, epirubicin, methotrexate, and
oprevelkin may contribute to the development of conjunctivitis.

What is conjunctivitis?

  • Many people know conjunctivitis as “pink eye.”
  • The name ‘conjunctivitis’ refers to the redness and inflammation that occurs around
    the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a clear, thin membrane that covers the white
    of the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis can be allergic, viral or bacterial. Conjunctivitis is easy to get
    from dirty hands, washcloths, cosmetics or towels that have the bacteria, or virus
    attached to it. Such eye problems may also be an allergic reaction to makeup, cosmetics,
    contact lenses, or seasonal allergies.
  • Most forms of viral conjunctivitis may go away on their own, with or without treatment.
    It may take 5 to 7 days for symptoms to resolve.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis may require antibiotic eye drops to treat your condition.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis will resolve when the allergic substance causing eye problems
    (false eyelashes, contact lenses, makeup) is removed.

What are some symptoms of eye problems to look for?

  • You may notice redness, or swelling of the eyelids.
  • Your may develop scratchy, watery or itchy eyes.
  • You may notice pus or discharge from the eye. Your eyes could be sensitive to changes
    in light.

Things you can do about eye problems:

  • With all forms of conjunctivitis, WASH YOUR HANDS OFTEN, and avoid
    contact with family members, or those with an impaired immune system. Avoid touching
    or rubbing your eyes. If you must touch your eyes, wash your hands before and after
    contact. Touching your eyes may make the symptoms of the eye problem worse,
    and cause further irritation.
  • Never share eye makeup, or eye cosmetics with anyone. If you have bacterial conjunctivitis,
    you must discard or throw away your makeup. If you wear contact lenses, they should
    be sanitized. You should also avoid wearing contact lenses while you are experiencing
    any kind of allergic, bacterial or viral conjunctivitis.
  • Do not share towels or sheets with anyone while eye problems continue. If you have
    one eye that is affected only, use a separate towel or washcloth for each eye.
  • If you have allergic conjunctivitis: Avoid contact with the substance that may have
    caused your allergic reaction.
  • If you have bacterial conjunctivitis: Gently wash your eyelids with a warm, clean,
    moist towel to remove pus and discharge.
  • If you have viral conjunctivitis: Your healthcare provider may suggest antihistamine
    pills or eye drops to relieve your symptoms of eye problems. However, it will take
    time for the symptoms to resolve.
  • Do not go swimming in public pools if you have conjunctivitis.
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor provides for your eye problems.
  • Make sure to keep all appointments.
  • Do not share your medications with anyone.
  • Again, washing your hands often, and avoiding touching your eye, is the most important
    thing you can do!

Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor for eye problems:

  • For viral conjunctivitis: You may be given eye drops, such as naphazoline (Allerest®), Clear Eyes®, or many
    others that your healthcare provider may suggest. You may also be prescribed an
    antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl®).
  • For Allergic conjunctivitis: Certain decongestant eye drops may help decrease irritation.
    Other medications, such as Claritin® or Allegra®, may be effective, if you have seasonal allergy symptoms.
  • For bacterial conjunctivitis: Medications, such as ciprofloxacin, gentamycin or
    tobramycin eye drops or ointments may be used. Neosporin and polysporin ointments
    may also be effective in treating bacterial conjunctivitis.
  • Do not share any of your medications with anyone!

When to call your doctor or health care provider about eye problems:

  • If you develop any sudden severe eye pain.
  • If you have a sudden loss of vision, or if you see halos around your eyes.
  • If your eyes become sensitive to light, even for weeks after the redness has disappeared.
  • If your symptoms of eye problems worsen or do not improve within 3 days of
    treatment – in all types of conjunctivitis.
  • As always, notify your doctor or healthcare provider if you are concerned about
    any of the symptoms of eye problems you are experiencing.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems and other medical conditions is meant
to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Some medications such as isotretinoin and tretinoin may contribute to the development
of dry eye syndrome.

What is dry eye syndrome?

  • Dry eye syndrome occurs when your eyes do not produce enough tears. The other name
    for dry eye syndrome is called keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
  • Your eyes may produce excessive tearing, but dry eye syndrome may be causing a lack
    of an important chemical to lubricate your eyes, which may make them feel dry.
  • Sometimes the cause of dry eye syndrome is unknown. However, it may be the result
    of certain types of medications, diseases, aging, or the environment.

What are some symptoms of eye problems to look for?

  • You may notice a dry, or gritty feeling in your eye. It may feel like something
    is in your eye.
  • You may notice excessive watering of the eyes.
  • Your healthcare provider may use fluorescein or rose bengal staining in the office,
    if you complain of itchy eyes. This may help with the diagnosis.

Things you can do about eye problems:

  • During the day, your healthcare provider may suggest that you use artificial tears,
    or ointments to help alleviate dry eye syndrome.
  • You may also discuss with your physician or healthcare provider the possibility
    of surgery to correct dry eye syndrome.
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor provides for your eye problems.
  • Make sure to keep all appointments.
  • Do not share your medications with anyone.

Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor:

  • Artificial tears, or similar ointments, may help alleviate dry eye syndrome.

When to call your doctor or health care provider about eye problems:

  • If you develop any sudden severe eye pain.
  • If you have a sudden loss of vision, or if you see halos around your eyes.
  • If your eyes become sensitive to light.
  • If your symptoms of eye problems worsen or do not improve within 3 days of treatment.
  • As always, notify your doctor or healthcare provider if you are concerned about
    any of the symptoms of eye problems you are experiencing.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems including dry eye syndrome as well
as other medical conditions is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a
substitute for medical advice.


What is glaucoma?

  • There are two main types of glaucoma. They are open angle glaucoma and closed-angle
  • Open -angle glaucoma occurs over time, and is the most common form. Closed-angle
    glaucoma occurs suddenly.
  • Glaucoma is an eye disease where the optic nerve is damaged. Increased eye pressures
    cause this.
  • In order for your eyes to stay healthy: A special fluid is present that surrounds
    your eyes, that helps the eye keep its shape. The fluid in the front of the eye
    (the aqueous humor), flows from a back chamber, to a front chamber, and then drains
    out of the eye. The fluid that is normally drained out of your eyes, with glaucoma,
    may build up, if eye problems exist with the drainage system. These eye problems may
    happen over time, with age, or all of a sudden.
  • Without treatment, the pressure on the optic nerve may cause irreversible blindness.
    Therefore, with any type of severe eye pain, you should seek emergency assistance.
  • Usually, in open-angle glaucoma, both eyes are affected. However, you may experience
    glaucoma in one eye at a time only.
  • Glaucoma cannot be cured, but it may be managed.

What are some symptoms of eye problems to look for:

  • Unfortunately, there are no symptoms. Over time, though, you will notice a loss
    of side vision.

Things you can do about eye problems:

  • Glaucoma is not only a disease of the elderly. Everyone is at risk of such eye problems.
    Therefore, you must go to your eye care professional for a tonometry exam,
    every year. This will determine the pressures in your eye. Your eye care professional
    will be able to tell if you have increased pressures in your eye, which may lead
    to glaucoma.
  • Glaucoma runs in families. If you have had relatives with glaucoma, you may be at
    risk of developing it yourself.
  • The goal of treatment is to reduce pressures in your eye. Medicines, eye drops,
    or surgery may be used to reduce eye pressure. Follow your healthcare provider’s
    recommendations for your eye problem.
  • Surgical procedures, including laser therapy, may need to be repeated in a couple
    of years. Therefore, the use of medicines are an effective treatment for glaucoma.
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor provides.
  • Make sure to keep all appointments.
  • Do not share your medications with anyone.

Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor for eye problems:

  • Eye drops, such as acetazolamide (Diamox®), betaxolol
    (Betoptic®), and timolol (Timoptic®),
    are common.
  • Oftentimes, with open-angle glaucoma, eye drops may be the only treatment necessary.
  • Make sure you take your eye drops once or twice a day, exactly as your healthcare
    provider suggests. If you miss your eye drops, take them immediately after you remember.

When to call your doctor or health care provider about eye problems:

  • If you develop any sudden severe eye pain.
  • If you have a sudden loss of vision.
  • If your eyes become sensitive to light, or if you see halos around your eyes.
  • If your symptoms of eye problems worsen or do not improve within 3 days of
  • As always, notify your doctor or healthcare provider if you are concerned about
    any of the eye problem symptoms you are experiencing.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems and other medical conditions is
meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.


Some medications such as cytarabine, fluorouracil, isotretinoin and tretinoin may contribute to the development of photophobia.

What is photophobia?

  • Photophobia is a word to describe the avoidance of light due to pain. This may commonly
    be a result of injury to the cornea, or inflammation of the uveal tract, and their
    surrounding muscles. The cornea is the clear covering of the eye. The uveal tract
    contains many structures that are important for your eye to function properly.
  • During exposure to light, your pupils constrict, or become smaller (these are the
    dark areas in the middle of your eye). Swelling of any of the eye structures may
    cause pain when your pupils are constricting.
  • Eye problems involving photophobia are commonly due to migraine or severe headaches,
    trauma to the eye, or certain drugs, such as chemotherapy and immune therapy.
  • Patients may notice photophobia if they are diagnosed with certain diseases. These
    may include rheumatoid diseases, such as Reiter’s syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease,
    lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Certain viruses or infections,
    such as syphilis, varicella zoster, or cytomegalovirus (CMV), or tuberculosis may
    also cause photophobia.

What are some symptoms of eye problems to look for?

  • You may notice pain when you change from a dark to a light area. Most people experience
    photophobia when they go outside during the daytime.

Things you can do about eye problems:

  • Most individuals with photophobia wear dark or colored glasses (similar to sunglasses).
    This will decrease the amount of light that enters your eye, and make you less sensitive
    to light.
  • The most common treatment is removing the underlying cause of the eye problems.
    If you have an inflammation of the eye, caused by a virus such as varicella zoster,
    or cytomegalovirus (CMV), treatment of these diseases may improve your photophobia.
    This should be discussed with your doctor.
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor provides.
  • Make sure to keep all appointments.
  • Do not share your medications with anyone.

Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor:

  • Steroids applied to the eyes (such as dexamethasone eye drops), may be prescribed.
  • Your healthcare provider may suggest steroids in a pill form, if your symptoms are
  • You may be referred to an ophthalmologist or eye care specialist for monitoring.
    Photophobia may be a sign of a serious disease.

When to call your doctor or health care provider about eye problems:

  • If you develop any sudden severe eye pain.
  • If you have a sudden loss of vision.
  • If your eyes become sensitive to light, or if you see halos around your eyes.
  • If your symptoms of eye problems worsen or do not improve within 3 days of treatment.
  • As always, notify your doctor or healthcare provider if you are concerned about
    any of the symptoms you are experiencing.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems and other medical conditions is meant
to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

Watery Eyes

Some medications such as capecitabine, cytarabine, doxorubicin, and fluorouracil may contribute to the development of watery eyes.

What are watery eyes?

  • Watering of the eyes, or excessive tearing (called epiphora), occurs when tears
    spill out of your eyes, even when you are not crying. This is sometimes a result
    of a blockage in the eye’s drainage system, or if you are producing too many tears.
    You may notice the eye problems when your eyes produce excessive amounts of tears.
    This may also be your eye’s reaction to an allergy.
  • You may produce tears as a reflex, such as if a foreign object is in your eye, or
    if you are crying, or you may produce tears to lubricate your eye, which is common.
  • A blockage in the eye drainage system may be present. This may be a result of trauma,
    or you may have been born with it.
  • Eye problems such as irritation may be caused by many things, including:
  • Allergies – such as pollen, dust, or pet dander
  • Infections – such as conjunctivitis
  • Air in your environment- such as pollution or smoke
  • Foreign objects, such as sand or dust.

What are some symptoms of eye problems to look for?

  • Excessive tearing, even when you are not crying.
  • Many times, the tearing is painless.

Things you can do about eye problems:

  • To prevent or treat a blockage of the eye’s drainage system: If you have a
    history of sinus infections, this may cause a blockage in your eye’s drainage system.
    Make sure to seek healthcare advice if you think you are developing a sinus infection,
    and take oral antibiotics, if your healthcare provider suggests.
  • Use warm compresses to help your eye to drain, if you have any type of eye infection.
  • Surgery may be recommended for your eye problems if there is an extensive blockage.
    This also depends on many factors, including your health condition, and the location
    of the blockage. Discuss this with your healthcare provider.
  • If you have tearing as a result of allergies of irritants in the air, try to eliminate
    them from your work or home environment. An air cleaner may be necessary.
  • If you have a dry eye syndrome, ointments or artificial tears may help.

Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor for eye problems:

  • You may be prescribed eye drops to treat this condition.
  • If you are prone to trauma, which may contribute to this condition (such as dust),
    wear safety goggles. Also, protect your eyes from light by wearing dark or colored
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor provides.
  • Make sure to keep all appointments.
  • Do not share your medications with anyone.

When to call your doctor or health care provider:

  • If you develop any sudden severe eye pain.
  • If you have a sudden loss of vision.
  • If your eyes become sensitive to light, or if you see halos around your eyes.
  • If your symptoms of eye problems worsen or do not improve within 3 days of treatment.
  • As always, notify your doctor or healthcare provider if you are concerned about
    any of the symptoms of eye problems you are experiencing.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems and other medical information is
meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

Below are a few resources if you are interested in learning more about other forms of eye-related illnesses.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

200 Pine Street, Suite 200

San Francisco, CA 94104

Web site: http://www.glaucoma.org

National Eye Institute

Information Office

2020 Vision Place

Bethesda, MD 20892-2510


Web site: http://www.nei.nih.gov

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health
care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information
contained in this website about eye problems and other medical information is meant
to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

Your eyes and cancer drugs | Cancer drugs

Some cancer drugs can cause changes to your eyes and your eyesight. But there are treatments that can help and things you can do to cope.

Drugs that can affect your eyes

Doctors use many different types of drugs to treat cancer. Some of them may cause changes to your eyes or eyesight.

Usually, the effects are temporary and will go away when you stop taking the drug. But some effects may be long term.

Changes to your eyesight and eyes can be uncomfortable and upsetting. These changes can make your usual activities hard to do and as a result, affect your quality of life.

Eye changes are most likely to happen with some:

  • chemotherapy drugs
  • targeted cancer drugs
  • immunotherapies

Some hormone therapies can cause eye problems, but they are usually mild. Some bisphosphonates and long term steroid treatments sometimes cause eye problems.

Drugs affect people in different ways. It is not possible to tell in advance who will have particular side effects. It depends on:

  • the drug or combination of drugs you are having
  • the dose
  • how you react to the drug
  • how you have reacted to drug treatment in the past

Tell your doctor or nurse about any eyesight changes or eye problems. Don’t use any eye medicines or eye drops without discussing it with your doctor or nurse first.

Eyesight changes

Some cancer drugs can cause eyesight changes. This can be due to:

  • clouding of the lens of the eye (cataract)
  • raised pressure in the eye
  • damage to the optic nerve

Eyesight changes you might have include:

  • blurred vision
  • dulled vision where colours are not as bright as usual
  • seeing halos or rainbow like rings around lights
  • misty vision
  • vision that is less clear than usual
  • loss of areas of vision
  • headaches

Contact your doctor or specialist nurse as soon as possible if you have any of these symptoms. They can arrange for you to see an optician. Some of the changes might go back to normal when the treatment ends, but some may be permanent.

When you should contact your doctor or specialist nurse

Contact your doctor or specialist nurse or visit Accident and Emergency (A&E) straight away if you have any of the following:

  • sudden severe eye pain
  • a sudden loss of eyesight
  • you suddenly see halos around lights
  • your eyes suddenly become sensitive to light
  • an eye infection gets worse or does not improve within 3 days of treatment

How to deal with eyesight and eye changes caused by cancer drugs

The following drugs can cause cataracts:

  • some chemotherapy drugs
  • some targeted cancer drugs
  • long term steroid therapy
  • the hormone therapy tamoxifen

A cataract is clouding of the lens of the eye which leads to slow loss of vision. If you have cataracts you might:

  • have cloudy or blurry vision
  • have trouble seeing in the dark– night driving may be difficult
  • find colours may appear faded or dull
  • find lights appear to be too bright, or there may be a halo around lights
  • have to change your glasses or contact lens prescription often
  • have double vision, which gradually gets worse

Let your doctor or nurse know if you have any of these changes. If necessary, you can have the clouded lens removed and replaced with a false lens. You have this operation under local anaesthetic.


Some cancer drugs can make your eyes more sensitive to light. Doctors call this photophobia.

Treatments that might cause photophobia include:

  • cytarabine
  • pentostatin
  • crizotinib
  • drugs used for photodynamic therapy treatment (PDT)

You may find that light hurts your eyes and is even painful.

Some people notice pain when they go from a dark to a light area. Most people are sensitive to light when they go outside during the daytime.

Tips for dealing with sensitivity to light 
  • Wear dark glasses (sunglasses) to lower the amount of light going into your eyes.
  • Avoid direct sunlight or bright indoor light.
  • Inflammation of the eye caused by an infection can cause light sensitivity – treating the infection can help.
  • Steroid eye drops may help – your doctor or nurse can prescribe these.

Drugs that can cause inflammation of the layer (membrane) that covers the white of your eye are some:

  • chemotherapy drugs
  • targeted cancer drugs
  • immunotherapies

Sometimes this layer can get infected. The inflammation or infection is called pink eye (conjunctivitis).

Symptoms of eye infections include:

  • sore, red and inflamed eye
  • swollen eyelids
  • scratchy, watery or itchy eye
  • pus or discharge from the eye
  • eyes can become sensitive to light

Viruses or bacteria can cause infection. Infections are easy to get from dirty hands, flannels, cosmetics or towels.

Most types of viral infection go away on their own, with or without treatment. It can take 5 to 7 days for symptoms to go completely.

You might need antibiotic eye drops if you have a bacterial infection.

Tips for dealing with eye infections
  • Wash your hands often so you don’t spread the infection.
  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes – if you have to touch your eyes, wash your hands before and afterwards.
  • Throw away any eye make-up you have used since having symptoms of the infection.
  • Don’t wear contact lenses.
  • Don’t share towels, flannels or sheets with anyone else.
  • Use a separate towel or flannel for each eye if you have an infection in only one eye.
  • Gently wash your eyelids with a warm, clean, moist cotton wool pad to remove any discharge.
  • Your doctor or nurse may prescribe antihistamine pills or eye drops to relieve symptoms if the infection is viral.
  • Your doctor or nurse will prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments if the infection is bacterial.
  • Never share your medicines with anyone else and take medicines as directed.
  • Don’t go swimming in chlorinated pools – chlorine in water can make sore eyes worse.

Some chemotherapy drugs and targeted cancer drugs can make your eyes very dry and sore. They might feel gritty, as though there is something in your eye.

This is because the drugs cause a reaction on the inside of your eyelids. Or you may not be making enough tears. Doctors call this kerato conjunctivitis sicca (pronounced keh-rah-toe con-junk-tiv-eye-tiss sick-uh).

You might have watery eyes but your eyes still feel dry and sore. This is due to a lack of an important chemical that moistens and lubricates the eyes.

Your doctor or nurse can prescribe artificial tears or ointments to reduce dryness. Avoid swimming in chlorinated water.

Some chemotherapy drugs and targeted cancer drugs can cause watery eyes. This is also called excessive tearing or epiphora (pronounced ep-if-or-ah). It can be due to a blockage in the drainage system of the eye, caused by swelling of the nearby tissues. Or your eyes may be making too many tears.

Cancer drugs that can cause watery eyes include:

  • capecitabine
  • fluorouracil
  • docetaxel
  • imatinib
Tips for dealing with watery eyes
  • Your doctor or nurse might prescribe medicines to reduce swelling if the swelling is blocking the eye drainage system.
  • Use warm compresses to help your eye to drain if your eye infection is causing swelling
  • Wear protective goggles and try to avoid irritants such as dust, pollen or animal hairs which can make the watering worse.
  • Your doctor or nurse can prescribe ointments, eye drops or artificial tears if dry or irritated eyes is causing your eyes to water.

Some chemotherapy drugs, targeted cancer drugs and immunotherapies can make your eyelids inflamed and sore.

Your eyelids might also produce a crusty substance. Doctors call this blepharitis (pronounced blef-ah-rite-iss). You can have eye drops or ointment to soothe the inflammation.

Tips for dealing with swollen eyelids
  • Use a warm, damp compress to loosen the crusting and relieve soreness.
  • Use a washcloth with warm water to remove any crusts – use a separate cloth for each eye.
  • Rinse your eyelids with warm water and pat dry with a clean, dry towel – use a separate towel for each eye.

Some chemotherapy and targeted cancer drugs can make your eyelashes grow in different directions to normal. Or the eyelashes may fall out.

This can happen during or after treatment but usually gets better once you have finished treatment. Let your doctor or nurse know if this happens. They can suggest artificial tears or other treatments. The eyelashes usually grow back but may fall out more than once.

90,000 Dry, watery, reddened eyes: causes and solutions

Dry, watery, reddened eyes are not just a problem for the elderly. Similar complaints can be heard today even from schoolchildren. Therefore, you need to start taking care of moisturizing and caring for your eyes and eyelids from adolescence, especially if you (or your children) spend a lot of time in front of computers and smartphones. What are the causes of dry eyes and how to deal with this problem? Rudite Fomicheva, head of the BENU pharmacy # 4, advises on this.

Continuation of the article is under advertising


Dry eyes can be caused by many reasons, but the most common of them is “abuse” of computers and computer technologies.Looking at the phone and computer, a person does not blink or blinks very rarely, and this is not pleasant to the eyes. Central heating air also dries the eyes, reducing the natural moisture in the mucous membrane. Dry eyes can also be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle or contrasting weather conditions: wind and bright sun make the eyes watery.

In addition, the eyes do not like inappropriate or thickly applied decorative cosmetics – it can not only dry the eyes, but also contribute to the formation of wrinkles.An allergic reaction is often the cause of complaints. In this case, the eyelids of both eyes swell, redden, itch, eyes watery, there is a burning sensation, swelling is possible, sensitivity to sunlight and bright light increases.

Foto: Shutterstock

Regardless of the cause, the most common signs that the eyes are lacking moisture are watery eyes, itching, and redness. Discomfort in the eyes can be felt both during the day and in the evening – it manifests itself in different ways for everyone. A person can work hard all day, and suddenly something like an attack happens – an irresistible urge to rub his eyes arises.

All these symptoms may indicate simply dry eyes, and allergies, and some more serious eye disease. Therefore, if the complaints persist for a long time, or if symptoms persist after moisturizing the eyes, it is recommended to consult an eye doctor.

What to do if the eyelid hurts, swells up, turns red

It happens that a person goes to bed and does not notice obvious changes in himself. And in the morning he wakes up and feels that his eyes are swollen and watery.Some people immediately panic and are looking for ways to eliminate the edema that has appeared.

There is no need to come up with fatal diagnoses in advance, most often swelling of the eyes occurs for ordinary reasons.

But also such symptoms cannot be ignored , because sometimes pathologies of vital organs can manifest themselves in the form of unpleasant changes in the eyes.

Reasons why the eye is swollen, reddened and watery

Edema in both eyes may appear due to organ dysfunction or after eating certain foods.

  • If you eat salted fish at night and drink plenty of water, then even a completely healthy person may observe a slight swelling in the eye area.

Salt tends to retain water in the body, and the skin around the eyes is thin and swollen in the first place.

  • A large amount of alcohol (in particular, beer) leads to metabolic disorders and excessive permeability of the walls of blood vessels in the eyes.
  • With increased pressure , the small vessels around the eyes become wider, which causes swelling of the subcutaneous areas.
  • If such changes in appearance are difficult to explain, then problems with the heart and kidneys may be the cause. In this case, you need to be examined by a doctor.
  • Hormonal changes, allergic processes – also cause swelling of the eye tissues.

Help! Barley is considered one of the 90,022 most common causes of 90,023 puffy eyes.

If swelling of only the upper or lower eyelid of one eye occurs, then this indicates an inflammatory or infectious process .


Allergic conjunctivitis of the eye does not cause painful sensations , which is its main difference from inflammatory conjunctivitis.

Even feeling the affected area, the pain is not felt. In most cases, swells the upper eyelid , but later the process moves to other areas.

It happens that it is simply impossible to open your eyes, because they are very swollen. is more often faced with such a problem in childhood.


The first step, if the cause of the allergy is established, is to eliminate the allergen or limit contact with it. Ointments and creams are not recommended to use in order not to make things worse.

You can rinse your face and eyes with clean water yourself, take an antihistamine and urgently consult a doctor who will prescribe the correct complex of treatment. Usually are prescribed hormonal agents , but they have a number of side effects, a doctor’s consultation is extremely necessary.

In order to relieve eye puffiness and relieve the condition, use anti-inflammatory drugs , drops for vasoconstriction. When the acute condition passes, immunotherapy and antihistamines are prescribed to more effectively combat allergens.


Blepharitis is a whole group of eye diseases accompanied by chronic inflammation of the eyelids .

Blepharitis often occurs for a number of reasons, which are not always related to ophthalmology, but the manifestations, signs and symptoms of the disease are very similar.

Methods of therapy

Treatment consists of treatment with various drugs, depending on the cause of the disease. For bacterial nature – use floxal ointment; with demodectic – demalan, blepharogel; for allergic – hydrocortisin ointment. They also use various antiseptics, eye drops containing anti-inflammatory components and antibiotics.

Photo 1. Cosmetic eye cream Demalan, 10 ml, from the manufacturer LLC “Infarma 2000”.

The procedure is carried out at home. With blepharitis of the eye, massage of the eyelids is performed , for this it is imperative to adhere to medical recommendations.

To normalize blood supply, physiotherapy procedures are performed. To enhance immunity, strengthening agents and vitamin therapy are used. In the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the endocrine system, violations are eliminated with the help of more narrowly specialized doctors.

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Conjunctivitis is a disease of the conjunctiva eyes of an infectious nature .It occurs due to the penetration of microbes and bacteria. In addition to the swelling of red eyes, they watery, purulent discharge, etc. may be present. The process is especially acute in children, in the morning they cannot open their eyes (due to the accumulation of a large amount of pus ).


Treatment aimed at relieving inflammation consists of the use of topical agents. They are injected into the eyes. With the onset of the first symptoms, when the eye just turned red, to relieve pain, drops containing local anesthetics (lidocaine, pyromecaine, etc.) are injected into the eye sac.NS.).

Photo 2. Dimexide solution, 100 ml, from the manufacturer Tula Pharmaceutical Factory LLC.

Then the mucous membrane of the eye and the edges of the eyelids are washed with special antiseptic solutions (Dimexide, furacilin). The next step is introduction of medications containing antiviral, antihistamines , antibiotics. The choice is made depending on the cause of the inflammatory process. Conjunctivitis is treated until all symptoms are completely eliminated.

Important! It is forbidden to use blindfolds on the eyes during treatment , this can lead to the multiplication of harmful microorganisms, complications of the disease.


Barley is a painful and outwardly unpleasant disease , which almost all people face and more than once.

But not everyone attaches importance to such manifestations of the organism. Barley is a purulent-inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland or eyelash hair follicle.

Due to the penetration of staphylococcus , a purulent inflammatory process begins.

Initially, in the area of ​​one eyelash redness and slight swelling appear , but the patient feels a rather sharp pain. After a few days, the barley on the eye becomes yellowish, and after a few more, the abscess opens and the pain is drowned out. The occurrence of this disease indicates hypovitaminosis and a weakness of the immune system.

How to cure

There are a lot of remedies for treating barley:

  1. You can cauterize barley with iodine, brilliant green or alcohol at an early stage. Then the swelling of the eye will go away faster and will not bother you.
  2. Medicines. The eyelid is spread very carefully, without touching the eye.
  3. Decoction of chamomile and marigold. A compress is made from the broth, which is applied to the sore eye several times a day for 3 minutes .
  4. Antibacterial agents – do an excellent job with barley, because disease appears due to the penetration of bacteria.Erythromycin, hydrocortisone, tetracycline ointments or antimicrobial eye drops are widely used.
  5. Physiotherapy. Physicians may refer to ultra-high frequency therapy or eye warming with dry heat. Along with the procedures, you need to take pills.

Photo 3. Eye ointment Hydrocortisone, 0.5%, 3 g, from the manufacturer OAO Tatkhimfarmpreparaty.


The main symptom of phlegmon is hot dense edema on the eyes, they are very painful.Such an inflammatory process is accompanied by redness, pus discharge and is very dangerous. If timely treatment is not started, phlegmon can go to the brain tissue and form purulent masses. Lack of proper treatment will result in inflammation of the tissues surrounding the eyes.


If there is pus, it must be evacuated. Often, is used for treatment by opening and draining the purulent area.

It is possible to do without surgical intervention at the initial stages of the onset of the disease , if the eye infiltration has not yet formed.Then the doctor prescribes various 90,022 thermal procedures, Dubrovin bandages or UHF therapy.

In the presence of a formed infiltrate and high body temperature, surgical intervention is prescribed. It takes place under the influence of general anesthesia, an autopsy is performed using a wide dissection of the superficial and deep tissues.

After the pus has been removed, area is rinsed and drained with special rubber tubes.

Wound is treated with ointments or solutions containing antibiotics .Not only local treatment is used, but also conservative therapy in order to fully fight the infection and increase the body’s defenses. The patient is injected with anesthetic drugs intramuscularly.

Compulsory antibiotic therapy. If there is a need, drugs are added for treatment to improve blood circulation , work of the cardiovascular system, etc.

Hormonal disorders

In the case of hormonal disorders, edema and redness of the conjunctiva of the eye – these are indirect symptoms .

Regardless of the reason for the appearance of external changes, they indicate the presence of inflammatory processes.

Inflammation can occur both in the visual organs and in other systems. Edema is caused by fluid retention, fluid retention in tissues.

The human body is designed in such a way that liquid circulates in the blood all the time. It comes from the intestines, but is constantly renewed. If the circulation chain is somehow disrupted , the fluid is retained in the tissues.Any hormonal disorders and disruptions in women are expressed externally. Edema of a hormonal nature is one such manifestation, which is often mistaken for signs of obesity .


Treatment of hormonal disorders consists in eliminating the root cause.

If the doctor confirms that the woman has a hormonal imbalance, a system is selected to regulate the sufficient level of all the necessary hormones. This level is adjusted using synthetic substitutes .

If a lot of fluid has accumulated, the doctor will recommend to limit the use of salt in food, for several days .

It is necessary to eat a lot of proteins , this will eliminate capillary insufficiency and increase permeability. Thus, you can get rid of puffiness in the eyes.

For natural fluid reduction, diuretic drugs can be prescribed . In order to avoid depletion and lack of potassium, additionally use special diet and preparations saturated with potassium .If the disease is life-threatening, then corticosteroid therapy is prescribed.

Important! Before using contraceptives , it is imperative to consult a gynecologist.

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Foreign body in the eye

Small specks, grains of sand, midges cause a strong burning sensation when it gets into the eye. Unpleasant sensations intensify when blinking, tearfulness appears. If the foreign body is not removed in time, ocular edema may develop, accompanied by infection and even visual impairment .

  • The foreign body must be removed from the eye. It is usually located under the lower or upper eyelid. To examine the lower eyelid, the patient is asked to look up and at the same time the lower eyelid is pulled down. To remove a foreign body from the eye, use a tightly rolled piece of gauze or cotton wool. Additionally, the material is moistened with a solution of furacilin or boric acid.

To examine the area of ​​the eye under the upper eyelid, the patient is accordingly asked to look down.In this case, the upper eyelid is pulled down and forward with two fingers, and with the finger of the other hand, the upper eyelid is twisted in an upward motion. After the foreign body has been removed from the eye, the patient needs to look up and return the eyelid to its normal position.

Photo 4. Eye drops Albucid, 30%, 10 ml, from the manufacturer DosFarm.

  • Albucide solution is instilled into the eyes as a prophylaxis for infection or other eye drops are used.
  • It is necessary to contact an optometrist to prevent the spread of inflammation in the eye and not to lose sight.

Attention! Do not try to rub your eyes, this will only aggravate your situation and cause severe tissue irritation . Do not delay the visit to the doctor and timely treatment.

If the eyelid hurts and is swollen

There are many reasons why the eyelid is swollen. This is the first task of the doctor, because eliminating the cause of edema is the only option to prevent complications.

Puffiness of the eyes may appear due to:

  1. Diseases (conjunctivitis, erysipelas, phlegmon, ascites, blepharitis, dermatitis, barley, allergies, colds, etc.).
  2. Poor lifestyle, lack of sleep , stressful situations, overwork, drinking a lot of salt and fluids, smoking and alcohol.
  3. Long exposure to ultraviolet rays.
  4. Hormonal disorders.
  5. Injuries, insect bites, antibiotics and other drugs, high intracranial pressure.
  6. Venous stasis, congenital disorders of the eyelids.
  7. Allergic reactions (to citrus, milk, eggs, chocolate, seafood, medications, dust, household chemicals, etc.).
  8. Tattooing.

What to do about it?

Main methods of treatment:

  1. Drug treatment – carried out with ointments, eye drops, gels, solutions, tablets, intramuscular injections.All drugs should be prescribed by a doctor, depending on the cause of the disease.
  2. Physiotherapy procedures. First of all, it is necessary to do microcurrent therapy on the eyes, electrical stimulation. That is, the subcutaneous lymphatic pathways are stimulated due to the impact of low-frequency electric current pulses. The so-called massage, but at the cellular level.
  3. Cosmetic methods (creams, masks, lotions, etc.).
  4. Massage Technicians (manual and apparatus massages for the purpose of lymphatic drainage).During the massage, unnecessary fluid is removed and the normal functioning of the lymph nodes is restored.
  5. Traditional methods exist for external and internal use. For example, cranberry decoction is used as a diuretic.
  6. An extreme measure is considered the need for plastic lifting of the outer eyelid tissues if they sag. The procedure is called blepharoplasty.

Folk remedies

boiled potatoes can help with simple edema. To do this, it is boiled unpeeled, cut into 2 pieces and applied to the eyelid, wrapped in a piece of gauze.

This will allow you not to burn yourself and prevent specks from getting into the eye. This procedure is continued for 20 minutes.

There is another simple way, its essence is as follows: you need to grate parsley root and apply to the sore eye for 15 minutes.

Compresses from various herbal decoctions give a quick effect.For this, flowers of chamomile, linden, birch leaves can be used. Making a compress is very simple. One tablespoon of herb is poured with boiling water and infused for half an hour . The tampon is moistened in this infusion and applied to the eye.

Also used for treatment are tea bags , which have already been brewed, cornflower lotions. Sometimes ice moxibustion is done – the eye is washed with very cold water or an herbal solution.

Helpful Video

This video shows you some simple home remedies for watery eyes.


It must be remembered that using folk remedies for the eyes without consulting a doctor may be unsafe. Before self-treatment , you need to make an accurate diagnosis. Symptoms in diseases are very similar, and improper treatment can bring to serious complications and aggravate the situation.

90,000 Thelaziosis in cattle – symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Thelaziosis is a severe nematode disease that occurs in many regions of the Russian Federation. It becomes more active in the summer months. Nematodes infect the eyes of cattle, causing the spread of secondary infections and severe visual impairment. In advanced cases, blind animals are forced to be sent for slaughter.


Thelaziosis of cattle occurs when infected with nematodes of the Thelaziidae family:

    • T.rhodcsi – affects the conjunctival sac, the area of ​​the third eyelid;

    • T. gulosa and T. skrjabini – affect the lacrimal-nasal canal, lacrimal glands;

Telasia are worm-shaped and reach 20 mm in length. Their development is characterized by a complex cycle and presupposes the presence of intermediate hosts. They are cowshed flies.

The latter are brought into the eyes of animals by the larvae of calves, which reach sexual maturity in an average of 1 month.Adult nematodes begin to lay new larvae, which are swallowed by cow-flies. The larva spends about a month in the body of an insect, molts and reaches an invasive age. After that, the fly again brings the larva into the cow’s eye, where it grows, parasitizes and reproduces further. In the body of cattle, calves can live up to 1 year.

Causes of cattle thelaziosis

It is extremely difficult to control the infestation with calves, since during the summer period cowshed flies become active in many regions of Russia.They can be found in almost any pasture where infection occurs. In barns, these insects are rare.


I stage . It is characterized by the development of conjunctivitis, damage to the cornea of ​​the eye. Cows avoid light, eyes watery.

II stage . Together with tears, pus, serous-mucous fluid begins to actively flow out of the eyes. The eyelids swell due to the toxic effects of the waste products of nematodes.Sometimes the cow cannot open her eyes due to swelling.

III stage . The cornea of ​​the eye becomes cloudy, covered with ulcers, and then becomes reddish. The vessels of the eye are overflowing with blood. Eyesight drops sharply. Possible secondary infection, development of tissue necrosis. The animal loses its appetite, becomes lethargic, productivity is significantly reduced.

The disease can progress within 4 to 8 weeks. Calves develop in 2-4 weeks and pass in an acute form.


Chronic conjunctivitis is a reason to suspect thelaziosis in an animal. To detect the larvae, tears, fluid flowing from the eyes are collected. Usually, the eyes are washed from the syringe with a 2-3% solution of boric acid and the flowing liquid is collected – it is easy to find calf in it.

Treatment of cattle thelaziosis

NITA-FARM has developed modern antiparasitic drugs to combat thelaziosis in cows.Medicines have passed practical tests, their effectiveness is scientifically substantiated and documented. For treatment, one of the following drugs is used:

  • Ivermek . The combination of ivermectin with vitamin E provides rapid therapeutic action against most nematode species, including calves. The drug is administered intramuscularly. It is absolutely safe for the animal and acts equally effectively on larvae and adult nematodes. After a single injection, the active substance remains in the body for 2 weeks.

  • Meradok . It is based on doramectin, which protects the animal from reinvasion for 28 days. Enough 1 injection. The active substance is maximally concentrated in the body after 4-5 days. The drug is easily excreted along with the feces and is absolutely safe for the animal. Effective against a wide range of external and internal parasites.


Reliable protection of cattle from calf will be the introduction of the drug “Meradok” in the spring.Experts recommend starting prophylactic injections in April, before the flight of cow flies, carriers of the disease. It is also necessary to deworm livestock at the end of the grazing period. It is important to add Tsiflunit for cattle and Tsiflunit-ON for premises and walking areas for the prevention of thelaziosis.

Why watery eyes and what to do

The eye is watery: UGC

The reasons why watery eyes can be different – from overvoltage of the visual organ to of a serious disease.That can provoke excessive tear production? Than is dangerous? How deal problem in home conditions? Learn from articles.

Why watery eyes: causes

Tear production is a natural function of the body. The tear protects the eyeball, cornea and conjunctiva.In medicine, excess lacrimation is called epiphora. There are two types of epiphora:

  • hypersecretory – expressed in excessive production of tears;
  • retention – caused by impaired tear exit function through the lacrimal canal.

The first type of epiphora occurs due to the following factors:

  • damage to the conjunctiva, eyelids or lacrimal canal by viruses, bacteria, fungi;
  • corneal inflammation;
  • Glaucoma, due to which the intraocular pressure increases and the function of the lacrimal canal is impaired.

Dysfunction of the tear outlet through the lacrimal canal occurs due to reasons such as:

  • incorrect placement or displacement of the lacrimal openings;
  • change in the size of the lacrimal canal;
  • Inflammation of the lacrimal sac.

Increased tear production can be triggered by neuropsychological and endocrine disorders in the body.

At the moment of an emotional outburst, a person cries – this is a normal reaction. Hormonal imbalance or a nervous breakdown may be accompanied by lacrimation.According to the research by G.F. Malinovsky, lacrimation is actively manifested in old age, when the tone of the eye muscles weakens.

Excessive tear production is a natural phenomenon if a foreign body has entered the eye. This is not always painful.

Face care cosmetics, like decorative cosmetics, can cause watery eyes. The reasons are a change in funds, their contact with the eyes or the manifestation of an allergic reaction.

Photo: pixabay.com: UGC

The most common cause of excessive tear production is red eye syndrome.

This is a complex ophthalmic disease in which the function of lacrimation is impaired. The eyeball dries up, turns red.

A person feels a burning sensation in the eyes, and the increased release of tear fluid becomes a natural response of the body to an irritating factor – a drying out conjunctiva and cornea.

Red eye syndrome occurs in the following situations:

  • chronic conjunctivitis;
  • consequences of drug treatment;
  • taking hormonal drugs;
  • Corneal dysfunction;
  • pregnancy or age-related hormonal changes in women;
  • vegetative-vascular diseases;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • improper nutrition;
  • work in a dry room or in an aggressive environment;
  • long-term work at the computer.

Contact lenses, changing them or using them incorrectly can cause irritation of the conjunctiva and increased lacrimation.

Before starting treatment, it is important to determine the reason why the eyes are watery. To do this, contact a specialist – an ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist. If the cause is not pathological, you can try to cope with the problem yourself.

Watery eyes: what to do, folk remedies

If your eyes are watery, you can try using folk remedies.Will help:

  • Lotions with calendula and thyme infusion.

Calendula has anti-edema and anti-inflammatory properties. This is indicated by a study by representatives of the Samara State Medical University. Dry chopped herbs are taken in equal proportions. A teaspoon of calendula and thyme is enough for a glass of boiling water.

Insist herbs for 4-5 hours. Then strain the infusion through cheesecloth. Lotions are done once a day.

Soak cotton pads in the infusion, squeeze them out so that they are not dry and no liquid drips from them.Put it over your eyes and leave it on for a quarter of an hour. The duration of the course is 2 weeks.

Photo: pixabay.com: UGC

  • Eye cleansing with sea buckthorn oil.

The product will help cleanse the tear ducts from dust, dirt, and makeup residues.

Moisten a cotton pad with water, apply a couple of drops of sea buckthorn oil to it. Gently rub your closed eye from the outside to the inside. Leave the disc on your closed eyes as a compress for 10-15 minutes.

  • Broth from the collection of cornflower, calendula and caraway seeds.

Take a teaspoon of each component, fill with warm water, half a glass is enough. Put on fire, after boiling, leave to stand on low heat for another 3-5 minutes.

Let the broth cool, strain through cheesecloth. Bury your eyes twice a day, three drops. The duration of the course is a week.

  • Green tea compresses.

Brew a strong tea, let it cool. Soak a cotton ball in the liquid. Wring out so that the disc does not become dry and drip.

Place the compress on your closed eyes and leave it on for 15–20 minutes. You can also drip your eyes with this tea. 2-3 drops in each eye three times a day.

Repeat the procedure daily for at least 2 weeks.

Gymnastics for the eyes will help to cope with lacrimation.

Exercise will stimulate blood flow, strengthen the muscle of the eye and ensure the normal functioning of the optic organ.

Gymnastics will take no more than 3 minutes. You can and even need to do it during a load on your eyes: when reading books, at work, if you feel overstrained or tired of your eyes.

Photo: pxhere.com: UGC

The exercises are repeated 10 times each:

  1. The pupils are raised up and lowered.
  2. Pupils move from right to left and back.
  3. Pupils make circular movements.
  4. Displacement of pupils diagonally – from the upper left corner of the eye to the lower right corner of the eye and vice versa. From the upper right corner of the eye to the lower left and vice versa.
  5. Draw a square with the pupils.
  6. Move the pupils by drawing a figure eight.

After completing the set of exercises, close your eyes tightly for half a minute.

The human body is individual. Which remedy works best in the fight against lacrimation depends on the cause of the problem and the characteristics of the body.

Before using unfamiliar herbs or products, check if you are allergic to them. If the condition worsens, see a doctor immediately.

A number of diseases that provoke lacrimation require medication, which can only be prescribed by a specialist after a series of examinations.

Read also : How to remove dark circles under the eyes at home

Attention! The material is for informational purposes only. Do not use the treatments described in it without first consulting your doctor.


  1. Malinovsky G.F. Etiopathogenetic mechanisms of lacrimation in elderly and senile people and methods of its prevention // Vestnik VSMU. – 2005.- No. 2. – T.4. – S. 75-79.
  2. O. V. Sharova, V. A. Kurkin Flavonoids of flowers of calendula officinalis // Chemistry of vegetable raw materials. – 2007. – No. 1. – S. 65-68.

Original article: https://www.nur.kz/health/medical-conditions/1743056-pocemu-slezatsa-glaza-cto-delat/

Blockage of the lacrimal canals | CooperVision Russia

If you recently watched a crying child or the latest sentimental Hollywood movie, you are well aware that tears are running down your face

However, we also have the lacrimal canal (also called the nasolacrimal canal and the lacrimal duct).through which tears pass through the nose. These drainage tubes cause a runny nose when crying or when an allergic reaction occurs in the eyes.

Problems arise when the tear duct becomes blocked. Let’s look at the causes of clogged tear ducts, how it happens and how to get rid of it.

Why is there a blockage of the lacrimal canals?

Clogging of the lacrimal canals occurs for many reasons.

Congenital blockage: One fifth of all babies are born with a blocked lacrimal canal.It can be caused by an underdeveloped or abnormal canal or developmental problems in the structure of the face and skull.

Age-related canal narrowing: In adults, a narrowing of the opening of the lacrimal canal is possible, increasing the likelihood of clogging of the lacrimal canal.

Infections and inflammations: Infections and inflammations of the lacrimal canal, eyes and nose can also cause blockages in the lacrimal canal. A blockage in the lacrimal canal itself can lead to infection and inflammation.

Contusions and injuries of the face: Any contusion affecting the lacrimal canals and the bone structure around them can lead to blockage of the lacrimal canal.

Tumors, cysts and calculi: Blockage of the lacrimal canal can be caused by tumors and other growths.

As you can see, while a blockage of the lacrimal canal produces many symptoms, it can also indicate an underlying disorder. Always consult your ophthalmologist for eye problems so they can provide timely assistance.

Symptoms of obstruction of the lacrimal canals

A blocked tear duct or infection caused by a blockage can have a number of symptoms.This includes:

  • Watery eyes and excessive tearing
  • Recurrent inflammations and infections (infections can be caused by blockage or lead to blockage)
  • Accumulation or excretion of mucus
  • Pain and swelling in the corners of the eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Bloody Tears

Your ophthalmologist will be able to assess the drainage function of the tear duct and select treatment options.

Treatment of obstruction of the lacrimal canals

The best treatment for a blocked tear duct is determined by the cause.Your ophthalmologist will recommend that you try the least invasive method first, then choose what works for you and when to switch to other treatments.

The following are common treatments for blocked tear ducts.

Clogged lacrimal canals in infants

In many newborns, the blockage of the lacrimal canals resolves within the first year of life. However, there are cases when it is necessary to carry out treatment. The first treatment for a blocked lacrimal canal in infants involves dilation (gentle dilation of the canal), probing, and flushing.If this does not help, the ophthalmologist will sometimes insert a dilation probe to further widen the canal.

Clogged lacrimal canals in adults

A blockage in the lacrimal canal in adults usually indicates a narrowing or other problem that will not go away on its own. The first stage of treatment is the same as for infants: expansion, probing and flushing.

If there is no response to less invasive treatment, surgical stenting and intubation is performed by inserting a tube to keep the tear duct open.

As always, you should talk to your ophthalmologist if you have symptoms or concerns. Your ophthalmologist will regularly check your eyes and identify problems between regular checkups and help you choose the best treatment.

This article does not provide medical advice and does not replace the advice of a healthcare professional. To discuss specific issues, see your ophthalmologist.

90,000 ophthalmology

There are many reasons for redness of the eyes, and although outwardly the redness looks the same, the reason in each case is far from the same.It can be dust, sand, wind, fatigue or allergies, or it can be formidable uveitis, which, if not paid attention to, can have serious consequences.

Let’s take a closer look. And what if your child has red eyes?

1. A common cause may be a banal irritation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, associated with overwork, overexertion or fatigue of the eyes. Prolonged visual stress in the form of computer games, TV, playing with small objects, and even reading too long can cause eye redness.The advice in these cases is simple and straightforward – distribute visual loads in the proportion 50 to 50: two hours of classes, two hours of walking or playing outdoors. That rare case when it will pass by itself.

2. The ingress of a foreign body (sand, dust, speck) may cause reddening of the eye, it is necessary to rinse the eye with plain water or saline and drip antiseptic eye drops. You can rinse your eyes with chamomile decoction or furacilin solution. If, after the performed manipulations, the redness in the eyes does not go away and the child complains about the eyes, we recommend that you contact an ophthalmologist.

3. K Onjunctivitis . This disease in babies is not the same as in adults. If a child falls ill with conjunctivitis at a very early age, then he may experience sleep and appetite disturbances, he will become moody and even stop playing with his favorite toys. Older children themselves may already complain that their eyes itch, that something is in the way, they will rub their eyes.

The main signs of conjunctivitis in a child:

  • In the morning the eyelids are glued together and a yellow crust forms on them;
  • the child reacts too strongly to light;
  • purulent, mucous discharge appears from the eye, the eyelids may be swollen;
  • the whites of the eyes are red, the mucous membrane of the eyes (conjunctiva) may be edematous;
  • there are complaints of discomfort in the eyes, “feeling of sand” in the eyes.

The cause of the development of conjunctivitis can be a viral, bacterial infection, protozoa or an allergic reaction. Depending on the type of conjunctivitis, certain features of the course of the disease will be observed.

When the virus becomes the cause of red eyes, redness usually occurs after a runny nose or cough, an increase in body temperature, conjunctivitis occurs against the background of ARVI. Although the child may wake up with sticky eyes, during the day the discharge from the eyes is insignificant and mucous-watery.Children often complain of burning eyes or describe the sensation of “gritty eyes”. Symptoms disappear against the background of treatment of a common disease, however, if the problem lasts longer, you need to go to an ophthalmologist. Treatment of conjunctivitis can only be prescribed by a specialist!

With bacterial conjunctivitis , the eyeball looks red, the child is worried about irritation and thick discharge of white, yellow or green color. Moreover, the eyes turn sour not only in the morning, but also constantly during the day, this feature is a clear sign of the presence of a bacterial infection.Parents’ improvisation is dangerous here. Urgently to the ophthalmologist!

Allergic Conjunctivitis is an unusual inflammatory reaction of the mucous membrane of the eye to normal exposures that do not cause reactions in most people. Allergic conjunctivitis is often combined with allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, dermatitis. Throughout our lives, we come into contact with various microorganisms, particles of very different origins, chemical compounds. But if for most people these satellites remain invisible, then allergy sufferers very quickly feel their presence.Allergic conjunctivitis can begin in an acute form with unbearable itching of the eyelids, burning sensation under the eyelids, photophobia, lacrimation with pronounced edema and redness of the conjunctiva. But more often it is chronic, causing anxiety for many years. Depending on the allergens, symptoms can be seasonal or year-round. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is caused by sensitivity to pollen from grasses, trees, weeds, or molds. Household dust, animal dander, household chemicals, perfumes, contact lenses, medications, food with preservatives or chemical additives, a long-term unused air conditioner at home or in a car are common causes of year-round conjunctivitis.

What to do?

Before starting treatment for eye allergies, it is worth contacting an allergist to determine the allergen. If the cause is known, contact with the allergen should be removed as soon as possible. The complete elimination of the action of allergens, if possible, is the most effective method of preventing an allergic reaction, and is also the first stage in the treatment of an already unfolding picture of the disease. Taking antihistamines systemically and locally, in the form of eye drops, will reduce the intensity of allergies.


In most cases, allergic conjunctivitis does not give complications, but during the treatment of this disease, you must strictly adhere to eye hygiene, have a personal towel, hygiene items, wipe your eyes very carefully, use a new cotton pad for each eye. It is advisable to rinse and instill in both eyes at once, even if the problem is in one eye. In most cases, the disease starts in one eye and spreads to the other.

Never blindfold!

Heat and humidity are favorable conditions for the spread of infection.

4. If you notice redness and thickening of the eyelid margin in your child, accumulation of crusts, scales at the roots of the eyelashes, this may be a consequence of blepharitis . Today blepharitis in children is a common disease. This is an inflammation of the edges of the eyelids, associated with a too thin layer in this place of the skin and fiber, due to the looseness of the tissues and the complete absence of fat.There is a violation of the function of the meibomian glands located in the thickness of the eyelids. The causes of blepharitis in children can be: Staphylococcus aureus, a demodectic mite that enters the eyelash bulbs when a child comes into contact with birds, down and feather pillows, as well as in chronic gastrointestinal diseases, diabetes, various types of allergies, focal foci of infection – chronic tonsillitis and caries. Often blepharitis occurs with uncorrected hyperopia, helminthic invasion and a banal violation of hygiene.

What should parents do?

First, teach your child to follow basic hygiene rules.Secondly, to introduce him from an early age to a healthy lifestyle. Thirdly, to treat any internal diseases on time. Visit your dentist regularly. Local ophthalmological treatment is prescribed only by a doctor!

5. Local reddening of the eyelid may indicate barley – inflammation of the hair follicle of the eyelash or sebaceous gland. A slight swelling forms at the edge of the eyelid, which increases in size and turns red. The eyelid is very swollen, which leads to a narrowing of the eye lumen.Barley can form on one or both eyes at once. Usually, on the fourth or fifth day, the purulent chamber is opened, after which pus begins to flow out of it. The child’s well-being after this improves markedly.


It is forbidden to squeeze out or puncture the abscess! When the abscess is formed, thermal procedures are contraindicated. Otherwise, there is a risk of various complications (abscess, meningitis, etc.). It is also important to make sure that the baby does not rub his eyes with his hands so that the infection does not get to other areas of the skin.It is better not to self-medicate, show the child to the doctor.

6 . Chalazion translated from Greek means “hailstone” and is a chronic inflammation of the cartilage of the eyelid around the meibomian gland, which has a blockage of the excretory duct and, as a result, stagnation of the secretion. It is quite difficult to get rid of such a disease of the century in a child. With a sluggish process, the baby is helped by therapeutic methods of treatment: local anti-inflammatory therapy, physiotherapy, the treatment will be long and you need to be patient.In more acute periods, it is impossible to do without a surgical operation. Symptoms of chalazion are swelling of the edge of the eyelid, over time, an elastic, painless formation the size of a large pea is felt. The main factors influencing the appearance of chalazion are considered frequent colds, a weak immune system, and diabetes mellitus. Sometimes chalazion occurs due to problems with the work of the digestive tract – dysbiosis.

Experts believe that blockage of the meibomian glands of the eyelid in children is often caused by functional and anatomical imperfection, i.e.That is, narrow exit ducts, poor work of smooth muscle cells that squeeze out secretions, or an insufficiently high level of the protective protein of secretory tear immunoglobulin.

7. Uveitis – inflammation of the choroid of the eye of an inflammatory nature. The main properties of the choroid are accommodation – the ability of our eyes to see clearly at different distances, and nutrition of the retina.

Uveitis in children requires urgent treatment! The causes of inflammation of the choroid of the eye can be very different: infections, metabolic disorders, diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, suppression of immunity, autoimmune processes, etc.Uveitis can be a secondary disease, while the focus of inflammation is in a different place, and the infection spreads through the bloodstream with angina, meningitis, sinusitis, septic endocarditis. Also, uveitis can occur against the background of an exacerbation of allergies, and in some cases – after a penetrating eye injury. Very rarely, despite careful examination, it is not possible to determine the cause of uveitis. Symptoms and complications of uveitis in children are generally the same as in adults. However, the symptoms are more worn out.The younger the child, the more difficult it is to diagnose uveitis in time, in the early stages. With anterior uveitis, redness of the eyes appears, which adults can pay attention to; reduced visual acuity, increased photosensitivity, lacrimation. With posterior uveitis, the main symptoms are: decreased visual acuity and distorted vision, the appearance of spots before the eyes. Diagnostics is difficult, since if the process has affected one eye, and the other can see well, then the child will not complain. The main signaling symptom of the presence of a disease – pain – may be absent.

Without proper treatment, retinal detachment can occur over time. If no treatment occurs, the other healthy eye may be affected by the inflammation. The later the treatment of uveitis is started, the more serious the damage to the thinnest structures of the eye, which can lead to loss of vision.

Strict advice: if redness of the eye occurs that does not go away after one or two days and is not accompanied by pain, visit an ophthalmologist immediately !

8.In infants, a possible cause of redness of the eyes can be dacryocystitis , in other words, the inflammatory process of the lacrimal sac. The main signs of this disease are mucopurulent discharge from the eye, there is a slight swelling in the inner corner of the eye, and lacrimation is noted. Distinctive symptoms of dacryocystitis are mucopurulent discharge, when pressed on the area of ​​the lacrimal points. Most often, this problem is associated with obstruction of the lacrimal canal. During the intrauterine development of the child, the lacrimal canal is closed, a special gelatinous film blocks the ingress of amniotic fluid.The moment the child takes his first breath and starts screaming, this film bursts. If this does not happen, tears gradually accumulate in the lacrimal sac, stagnation occurs, a breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms appears, which causes inflammation. Most likely, at first, you are recommended to do a special massage aimed at promoting the rupture of this film, in parallel with the instillation of antiseptic drops. If the massage does not work, you will need to conduct a probe of the lacrimal canal . Probing the lacrimal canal is a relatively simple operation, which consists in piercing the film and restoring patency of the nasolacrimal canal. After probing, for the first week, it is necessary to massage again in order to prevent relapse – the appearance of adhesions.

Dear adults, the eye is a special organ, in case of any changes, you should immediately contact an ophthalmologist who can determine the cause, nature of the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.Don’t waste time and be healthy!

90,000 Why does itch with swelling of the eyelids?

The eyes are a very sensitive organ, therefore, their condition requires special attention. If they begin to itch, edema has formed on the eyelids – this may be a symptom of a serious pathology. Do not self-medicate. It is necessary to determine the cause of this condition. In this article, we will discuss the factors that cause itching in the eye area.

Why are my eyelids itchy and swollen?

The condition in which the eyes itch is very unpleasant. Itching is usually not the only problem that makes a person uncomfortable.

Often it is accompanied by redness of the conjunctiva, photophobia, increased production of tear fluid, the skin around the eyes may peel off.Such symptoms are observed if the eyelids are swollen. Because of this, their subcutaneous structure is filled with fluid, the edges of the eyelids may redden and itch. This can happen for various reasons. The main ones are the following:

  • allergic reactions;
  • nephrological diseases;
  • hormonal disruption in the body;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • 90,042 taking certain antibiotics and sulfonamides;

  • Incorrect position of the head during sleep;
  • lack of protein in the body;
  • metabolic disorders.

The skin around the eyes and mucous membranes are very sensitive to any disturbances in the functioning of the body. Often the reason why the eyelids are swollen and itchy is prolonged crying. Itching of the eyelids can also indicate serious pathologies of an infectious and inflammatory nature, exposure to chemicals, disorders of the nervous system, and a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. At home, it is possible only to relieve itching, to eliminate its symptoms for a while. Treatment of the eyelids can only be started after consulting a doctor.He will establish the cause of the itching and prescribe complex therapy.

How is itchy eyelids manifested?

The eyes are very sensitive and susceptible to various stimuli. The physiological features of the visual organs do not allow them to reliably protect themselves from harmful substances. It is almost impossible to protect yourself from getting into the eyes of plant pollen or exposure to temperature changes. On contact with the mucous membrane, they cause significant discomfort: the eyelids itch and swell, the conjunctiva turns red, the eyes watery due to itching.

Swelling of the upper or lower eyelid is usually accompanied by irritation, hyperemia in the area of ​​the visual organs, and the desire to scratch the eyes. Itching develops gradually. The eyelids itch most heavily 2-3 hours after the formation of edema. The length of time during which itching occurs depends on the cause. If the eyelid is swollen, this can last from a few minutes to several weeks. It all depends on the state of the immune system.

Itching and swelling due to allergies

Allergy is an immunopathological process in which the body’s immune system is unable to fight against allergens – its pathogens. The number of people with allergies is growing every year. According to rough estimates, today every third inhabitant of our country suffers from allergic diseases: hay fever, urticaria, etc. The main symptoms of this pathology:

  • runny nose and sneezing;
  • A feeling of pain in the eyes;
  • cough with attacks of suffocation;
  • formation of edema on the eyelids;
  • redness of the conjunctiva;
  • 90,042 itching and burning in the eyes;

  • tearing.

Edema of the eyelids of an allergic nature occurs due to the fact that allergens entering the body destroy protein components and release endogenous histamine. This biologically active substance is the main factor provoking an allergic reaction. An external irritant that has entered the body can cause allergic edema of the eyelid. The degree of reaction varies. It depends on the number of allergens, the state of the immune system and other factors.

Most often, the eyes itch and watery due to contact with components such as:

  • animal hair;
  • cosmetics;
  • medicines;
  • temperature drops;
  • food products;
  • plant pollen.

After contact with an allergen, a person experiences itching and swelling of the eyelids, itchy eyes, and tearing. Puffiness develops due to the abundant accumulation of fluid, irritation of the nerve endings by bacteria and allergens that have entered the body. Because of this, the eyes begin to itch and the eyelids swell. The skin around the eyes is thin and sensitive, so it reacts sharply to the allergen. Antihistamines help to cope with this condition, which should be prescribed by the doctor.If you do not follow the recommendations for treatment, then the risk of complications is likely: infection of the eyes, erosion of the eye membrane, etc.

Swollen eyelids and itching due to inflammation

The eyelid can swell and turn red due to an inflammatory disease. Usually, inflammation occurs in the eye tissues, but sometimes discomfort occurs due to the inflammatory processes in the sinuses.A lot of histamine is found in basophils – granular leukocytes, which are actively involved in allergic and inflammatory reactions. The pathological process in the body destroys the basophils, which leads to the release of histamine. It causes a rush of blood, which can cause fever and swelling, itchy eyelids, and swelling. The following symptoms indicate that the causes of pathology are associated with a specific disease:

  • skin redness;
  • sharp rise in temperature;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • increased tissue density;
  • itching in the eyes.

With blepharitis, conjunctivitis, hordeolum, the eyelid often itches. Severe itching in the eyes is one of the characteristic symptoms of blepharitis. This condition is usually exacerbated by exposure to bright light on the visual organs. Patients notice that the upper eyelids are reddened and swollen, and peeling of the skin has begun on the lower ones. If the eyes itch, this symptom often indicates the development of conjunctivitis. After infection, there is swelling of the eyelids, itching in the eye area, redness of the conjunctiva.In severe cases, pus may drain from the eyes. The eyelid is swollen, itchy, reddens – these are common symptoms of hordeolum. The second name of the disease is barley.

With this disease, the inflammatory process develops not only in front of our eyes. It occurs in the ears, sinuses. The disease begins with the fact that a person notices how the upper eyelids are swollen and itching begins.

How to eliminate itching with edema?

When itching of the eyelids occurs, its cause is often hidden in an allergic reaction.Treatment should be prescribed by a doctor, but first aid measures must also be taken. To do this, you need to drink an antihistamine and exclude contact with the allergen. It will be helpful to open the windows and provide fresh air. This tip is useful for those people whose eyelid swelling is not caused by pollen. Otherwise, such a recommendation may be harmful.
Effective medicinal products are:

  • Suprastin;
  • Opatanol;
  • “Ketotifen”;
  • Azelastine;
  • Erius.

Often, doctors use Prednisolone and Dexamethasone to treat allergic edema and itching of the lower and upper eyelids. Usually they are used in the form of injections by ambulance or treatment ward doctors. These are hormonal drugs, so their treatment is not suitable for everyone. Don’t take them yourself. For a long time, “Diphenhydramine” remained one of the most common and effective drugs for edema and itching of the eyelids. It is rarely used today. This is due to the fact that the drug causes a cardiotoxic effect, and its administration requires control of the work of the heart muscle.

The safest remedies for swelling and itching of the eyelids are third-generation drugs. These include “Tsesera”, “Zyrtek”, “Telfast”. When they enter the body, they are converted into active metabolites and participate in the biochemical reactions of the body. The third generation drugs quickly eliminate the swelling of the upper and lower eyelids, and also have a positive effect on the body.