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Tinea Infections (Ringworm) | Loma Linda University Health

Tinea Infection

What is tinea infection?

Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin. Tinea is also known as
ringworm. This is because it can cause red patches on the skin in the shape of
rings. But it’s not caused by worms. It’s caused by different types of fungi. Tinea
infection can affect any part of the body. Tinea infections of the feet, nails, and
genital area are not often called ringworm. This is because the red patches may not
look like rings. But it most often occurs in moist areas of the body and around
hair. The fungus can be spread from person to person.

Different types of fungal (tinea) infections are named for where
they occur on the body. The most common types are:

  • Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis).
    This common type occurs on the feet and between the toes. It may be caused by
    sweating, not drying the feet after swimming or bathing, wearing tight socks and
    shoes, and warm weather.
  • Jock itch (tinea cruris). This
    rash occurs in the groin. Jock itch may be hard to cure. This condition is more
    common in men and rare in women. It happens more often in warm weather.
  • Scalp ringworm (tinea capitis).
    Scalp ringworm occurs on the head. It is very contagious but rare in adults.
  • Nail infection (tinea unguium or
    This is an infection of the toenails, and sometimes
    fingernails. It causes thickened, deformed, and discolored nails instead of a
  • Body ringworm (tinea corporis).
    This occurs anywhere on the body or the face. But it is more common in skin
    folds. It is also more common in warmer climates.

What causes tinea infection?

The fungus that causes tinea is very common all over the world,
including the U.S. It’s very contagious. The fungus is spread through direct contact

It can take days or up to 2 weeks before you develop the infection
after being in contact with the fungus. The fungi that cause ringworm can live for
long time on objects. Because of this, you may not know the exact source.

Who is at risk for tinea infection?

You are more at risk for tinea infection if you:

  • Live in a warm climate
  • Have contact with people or pets that have tinea
  • Play contact sports, such as wrestling
  • Use communal baths or locker rooms
  • Share towels, clothing, combs, or brushes
  • Have poor hygiene
  • Have a depressed immune system because of disease or
  • Don’t have good nutrition

What are the symptoms of tinea infection?

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each person.  

Symptoms of athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) may include:

  • Itchy, burning rash on the feet
  • Whitening and breakdown of the skin between the toes
  • Scaling of the feet
  • Blisters on the feet

Symptoms of jock itch (tinea cruris) may include:

  • Red, ring-like patches in the groin area and inner thighs,
    but not scrotum
  • Itching in the groin area
  • Pain in the groin area

Symptoms of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) may include:

  • Red, scaly rash on the scalp
  • Itching of the scalp
  • Hair loss on the scalp
  • Enlarged lymph nodes

Symptoms of nail infection (tinea unguium, onychomycosis) may

  • Thickening of the ends of the nails
  • Yellow color to the nails

Symptoms of body ringworm (tinea corporis) may include:

  • Red, ring-shaped patches with raised, scaly edges
  • Itching

The symptoms of tinea infection can be like other health
conditions. Psoriasis, pityriasis rosea, and atopic dermatitis all look similar.
Make sure to see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is tinea infection diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and health
history. They will give you a physical exam. The physical exam will include looking
closely at your skin or nails. You may also have tests, such as:

  • Skin scraping. The healthcare
    provider may scrape the top of your skin with a small tool. This does not hurt.
    The scraped tissue is looked at with a microscope. This test can confirm the
  • Biopsy. If the infection is on
    the scalp or in the nails, the provider will take samples of hair or nail
    clippings to look at with a microscope to identify the fungus.
  • Skin culture. A sample of skin
    may be sent to a lab to see what kind of fungus is growing. This is called a

How is tinea infection treated?

Tinea may be hard to cure. Scalp ringworm and nail infection are
hardest to treat. The length of the treatment depends on the location of the tinea.
Fungi can live for a long time on the skin. Because of this, tinea infection is hard
to cure and can come back easily. Treatment may need to be repeated.

Treatment of athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) may include:

  • Antifungal cream
  • Antifungal medicine by mouth

Treatment of jock itch (tinea cruris) may include:

  • Antifungal cream
  • Antifungal medicine by mouth

Treatment of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) may include:

  • Antifungal medicine by mouth for weeks or months
  • A special shampoo to help kill the fungus. Shampoos are used
    along with the oral medicine. They won’t get rid of the fungus by

Treatment of nail infection (tinea unguium) may include:

  • Antifungal medicine by mouth for weeks or months. This is
    the most effective treatment.
  • Medicated nail lacquers. These are occasionally
  • Treatment of body ringworm (tinea corporis) may

    • Antifungal cream
    • Antifungal medicine by mouth

During treatment:

  • Don’t scratch at the rash or pick at the rash. This can
    cause infection and scarring.
  • Take medicine as prescribed. If you were prescribed a cream,
    apply it exactly as directed. Put the cream on the rash and also on the skin 1
    or 2 inches around the rash.
  • Scrub your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20
    seconds before and after you use the medicine on the rash. This will keep from
    spreading the fungus.
  • Take medicine by mouth as directed until your healthcare
    provider says to stop.
  • Keep tinea from spreading to others. It can be spread by
    skin-to-skin contact and sharing personal items, such as brushes, shoes, or
  • When you wash the area of your body that has ringworm, wash
    your hands before touching any other part of your body. Use a different towel to
    dry the rest of your body to prevent spreading the ringworm. Wash towels in hot,
    soapy water.
  • Keep the part of your body that has ringworm clean and
  • Wear shower shoes in public pools, gyms, locker rooms, and
    public showers. Ringworm can live on gym equipment for a long time.
  • Talk with your healthcare providers about the risks,
    benefits, and possible side effects of all treatments.

What are possible complications of tinea infection?

Tinea of the scalp can also develop into a kerion. This is a
large, painful, swollen sore over the area of the tinea infection. This is caused
a hypersensitivity to the tinea. The lymph nodes in your neck may be swollen and
sore. You may also have a rash on another part of your body. A kerion may be treated
with steroid medicine to help reduce inflammation and swelling.

In some cases, a tinea infection can lead to an infection by
bacteria. This may be treated with antibiotics.

Can tinea infection be prevented?

Some types of tinea infection can be prevented if you:

  • Wash after you get dirty or sweaty, or after using a locker
  • Don’t go barefoot. Wear shower shoes in public showers,
    gyms, locker rooms, and pools.
  • Don’t share towels, combs, brushes, clothing, or shoes.
  • Keep your skin and feet dry.
  • Wear clean, loose-fitting underwear.
  • Make sure your pet does not have ringworm. People can get
    ringworm from animals. If you think your pet has ringworm, take the pet to a
    veterinarian for treatment. The vet can advise you on how to disinfect your

When should I call my healthcare provider?

Call the healthcare provider if:

  • The rash does not get better after 10 days of treatment
  • The rash spreads to other areas of the body
  • Redness around the rash gets worse
  • Fluid leaks from the rash
  • You have a fever of 100.4º (38ºC) or higher, or as directed
    by your healthcare provider

Key points about tinea infection

  • Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin. It is also known as
    ringworm. But it is not caused by worms.
  • The fungus is very contagious and can be spread from person
    to person.
  • Tinea infection can affect any part of the body. But it most
    often occurs on the feet, groin, nails, body, and scalp.
  • Treatment depends on what part of the body is infected. It
    may include antifungal cream, shampoo, or medicine by mouth.
  • Some types of tinea infection can be prevented if you don’t
    share personal hygiene products, clothing, or shoes and keep your skin dry.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare

  • Know the reason for your visit and what you want to
  • Before your visit, write down questions you want
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and
    remember what your provider tells you.
  • At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis and any
    new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your
    provider gives you.
  • Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed and how
    it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the
    results could mean.
  • Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have
    the test or procedure.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date,
    time, and purpose for that visit.
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have

toenail fungal infection causes, symptoms and treatments

Reluctant to show your feet in public? If your toenails are plagued by unsightly white patches and they’ve become brittle and started to split, it sounds like you might have a fungal toenail infection. So which treatment works to get rid of the fungus properly?

While it’s tempting to stick a pair of socks on and hide your feet away, treating fungal nail infections is a straightforward process. We look at toenail fungal infection causes, symptoms and treatments, so you can start shopping for sandals:

What is a fungal nail infection?

Fungal nail infections (medically known as onychomycosis or tinea unguium) are common. They occur when a fungus that would normally be found on the body overgrows in the fingernails or toenails that then starts affecting the structure of the nail. The nail may thicken, change in colour and become more likely to crack and break.

Fungal infections affect toenails more than fingernails and everyone can get them, but the following groups of people are at higher risk:

  • The elderly
  • People with an impaired immune system
  • People with diabetes
  • People with poor peripheral circulation

    Warm, moist environment helps fungi to grow and cause infection. This means that trainers, showers, bathrooms and changing rooms are ideal places for these fungi to grow.

    Fungal nail infection symptoms

    While fungal nail infection symptoms vary, an infection usually includes one or more of the following:

    • Thickening and discolouration of the nail.
    • White patches appear where the nail has come away from the skin.
    • In some cases the nail may fall off.
    • Your nail may become brittle and split.
    • Your nail may look dull and lose its natural shine.
    • You may notice white or yellowish spots in the middle of the nail.
    • Wearing shoes may cause discomfort and pain in the nail that is infected.

      StockImages_ATGetty Images

      Fungal nail infection causes

      What causes a fungal nail infection? Fungal nail infections can occur directly within the nail itself, or from an untreated fungal infection of the foot.

      The nail changes are caused by dermatophyte fungi, this is the same type that causes athlete’s foot – a common infection of the skin of the feet, especially between the toes.

      With athlete’s foot the dermatophyte fungus lives in the outer layer of the skin only. When spores of the fungus get between the toenail and the nail bed beneath a fungal nail infection can develop.

      Products to treat fungal nail infections

        Fungal nail infection diagnosis

        Doctors often use clinical examination alone to make a diagnosis of a fungal nail infection. Sometimes nail clippings or scrapings may be taken for microscopic examination and culture in the lab to identify the type of fungus causing the symptoms. Results can take two to three weeks.

        There are other conditions such as psoriasis, bacterial infections or an injury that may affect the appearance of nails. Your doctor or pharmacist may ask you additional questions to work out what may be affecting your nails.

        Fungal nail infection treatment

        The treatment of a fungal nail infection will depend on how severe the fungal infection is, and the number of nails involved. Not all nail infections will need treatment, but a fungal nail infection will not clear up without treatment.

        If a fungal nail infection is not bothering you, then you may not feel the need to treat it. You should however, keep an eye on it and try not to spread the infection to others. If however it is causing you discomfort or you find it embarrassing, the following treatments are used to treat fungal nail infections:

        ✔️ Antifungal nail lacquers

        Antifungal nail lacquers such as Loceryl, Trosyl are most effective if the infection is treated at an early stage. Fungal treatment nail lacquers need to be used for 4-12 months for any significant improvements are seen. These treatments are safe to use but may cause some redness and irritation around the nail.

        ✔️ Oral antifungal treatments

        Oral antifungal treatments such as terbinafine tablets need to be take daily for at least six months for the treatment of toe nail infections. They are not suitable for some people and can cause liver damage. You will need to have blood tests to check your liver function if you start on a course of antifungal tablets. Antifungal medicines can also interact with other medications so are only prescribed carefully after a consultation with a doctor.

        ✔️ Excilor and Nailner

        Fungal nail treatments containing Ethyl acetate or acetic acid, such as Excilor or Nailner work by changing the pH levels inside the nail, creating an environment that inhibits further growth of the fungi causing the nail infection. These products are also formulated to help the active ingredients penetrate nail more effectively, so targeting the fungi causing the infection.

        ✔️ Laser treatment

        Laser treatment kills off the fungi causing the infections. There is limited evidence and research to show that laser treatment is effective for clearing fungal infections of nails.

        ✔️ Chiropodist

        Seeing a chiropodist who can trim and file the nail to remove infected parts of a nail. Removing any thickened or yellow parts of the nail with infection will also help to clear up the infection more quickly if an antifungal nail lacquer or tablets are prescribed afterward.

        Fungal nail infection complications

        Fungal nail infections are common even in healthy people. However, if fungal infections do not respond to treatment or a person has many different areas of the body affected at once, it might be necessary to do further tests to exclude problems with the immune system and other conditions. If you have any concerns, ask your GP for advice.

          Fungal nail infection prevention

          To prevent spreading the infection to your other toes or to other people, try the following:

          • Keep your nails short, dry and clean.
          • Use a separate nail clipper for the infected nails.
          • Wear well-fitting shoes – avoid narrow shoes with narrow toes.
          • Consider replacing old trainers/shoes or giving them a good wash as they could be contaminated with fungus spore
          • Maintain good foot hygiene and use an antifungal cream to treat athletes’ foot.
          • Use an antifungal spray or powder such as Daktarin foot spray in your shoes to kill off any spores in the shoes.
          • Wear sandals or slip-flops when in communal showers, locker rooms or gyms.

            Last updated: 26-11-2020

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            How You Can Stop Foot and Toenail Fungus In Its Tracks – Cleveland Clinic

            The itching and burning of athlete’s foot is a common enemy lurking throughout locker rooms. But you can get this foot condition even if you haven’t been in a gym. It includes two separate infections: one that affects the skin on your feet, which is classic athlete’s foot, and another infection that affects your toenails, called mycotic nails.  

            Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

            They’re both very common because exposing yourself to the fungus that causes them is easy to do. Dermatologist Pamela Ng, MD, explains what you need to know about this common condition and top ways to stop it in its tracks. 

            Athlete’s foot is a highly contagious fungal infection that is part of a larger family of fungal infections affecting the skin and nails. These include “jock itch” and ringworm. Because it’s a fungus, it thrives in the moist, warm climate of your gym locker room, bathrooms and showers. You get athlete’s foot by direct contact with contaminated surfaces, most commonly within these shared communal spaces, but also brewing inside your sweaty, tight-fitting shoes.

            Symptoms of athlete’s foot include a scaly, itchy rash on the feet and between toes. Mycotic nails appear discolored to a brownish-yellow and the nails become thick, brittle and separated from the nail bed. These things are more than just a cosmetic embarrassment; for some, they can become a serious health concern. 

            “If you are diabetic or immune-compromised, it’s important to get foot fungus issues under control,” says Dr. Ng. “The fungal infections can cause breakdown of the skin and lead to conditions like cellulitis or foot ulcers.”

            See a dermatologist to pinpoint the problem

            Foot fungus won’t just go away on its own, Dr. Ng says. “If you think you have foot or toenail fungus, see your dermatologist,” she says. There are several tests that your dermatologist can perform to identify exactly what’s going on.

            “It’s important to be aware that there are other diseases which can cause nail changes,” she says. “For example, we do see things like squamous cell skin cancers in the nail beds and even melanomas, which have a brownish or blackish discoloration.

            Doctors weigh best treatments

            The best treatment for fungal nail infections is a prescription that your dermatologist can prescribe that you take every day for two-to-three months. The pill is not for everyone, since oral antifungals can interact with other medications and can affect the liver.

            Fortunately if you don’t want to or can’t take a pill, there are topical solutions to treat nail fungus. Although topical medications are desirable because of the low risk of side effects and interaction with other medications, they have much longer treatment regimens. Generally, topical medications have a lower clearance rate compared to oral pills. 

            “Newer topical antifungals including Efinaconazole and Tavaborole have better penetration of the nail plate and so they work better compared to older topical medications,” says Dr. Ng. She says the topical medications work best if you only have partial nail involvement. 

            Lasers are approved by the FDA to temporarily increase the amount of clear nail. However, the cure rates are lower than oral medications and topical solutions. 

            Photodynamic therapy has been used for fungal nail infections with moderate success. This involves applying a photosensitizing agent then exposing it to a light source. Dr. Ng says this procedure may not be covered by your insurance. More studies are needed to determine the true outcome of photodynamic therapy in treating onychomycosis.

            “Unfortunately, even if your nail is cleared after treating it, fungal infections in the nails have a tendency to recur, especially if you’re predisposed to this type of infection,” says Dr. Ng. Using a topical antifungal cream regularly after the fungal nail has been treated can prevent recurrence of the fungal infection. She says it’s also helpful to apply an antifungal spray or powder in your shoes once you have been treated to reduce the risk of recurrence.

            Over-the-counter cream may help

            If your foot fungus infection is only on the skin of your feet, then Dr. Ng recommends an over-the-counter antifungal cream.

            “I like the creams better than the sprays or powders because the creams will completely coat the foot and treat the entire skin surface,” she says. “Make sure that you get in between the toes, because that’s really where we see the most problems in those warm, moist areas.”

            Tips to combat foot fungus

            The best way to combat foot fungus is to reduce your exposure to it. There are simple things you can do to prevent from contracting foot and nail fungus. 

            1. Wash and dry your feet well after exercising. Be sure to get between your toes.
            2. If you use a communal area such as a shower at your gym or the local pool, wear waterproof shoes such as flip-flops to ensure your feet don’t come into contact with contaminated surfaces. 
            3. If you suspect a case of athlete’s foot is brewing, treat it right away with over-the-counter creams mentioned above.
            4. Because athlete’s foot and toenail fungus thrives in dark, damp environments, wear shoes that breathe and don’t trap sweat inside of them, and change your socks often. Invest in some socks that wick moisture away from your skin. 
            5. Be sure to protect your feet at home if someone has a foot infection. 

            The danger of waiting to treat the fungus

            The greatest danger of not treating the foot or toenail fungus is that it can spread to other parts of the body, such as the hands and groin.

            If for some reason you can’t treat your toenails or your feet right away, at least use an antifungal topical cream on the surrounding skin, Dr. Ng says. That will help keep it from spreading and keep the skin intact.

            Ringworm (for Teens) – Nemours Kidshealth

            What Is Ringworm?

            Ringworm is a type of fungal skin infection. When fungi infect the skin, they cause mild but annoying rashes. Fungal skin infections are also known as tinea infections.

            When fungus grows in the area of the groin, upper thighs, and buttocks, it is called jock itch. When it grows on the feet, it is called athlete’s foot.

            But when fungus grows anywhere else on the body, it’s known as ringworm. Its medical name is tinea capitis when it’s on the scalp, and tinea corporis when it’s on the rest of the body. On the nails it is known as onychomycosis.

            What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Ringworm?

            Ringworm on the skin starts as a red, scaly patch or bump. Over time, it may look like one or more rings with raised, bumpy, scaly borders (the center is often clear). This ring pattern gave ringworm its name, but not every infected person has it. The skin may flake, peel, or crack, and it can itch, sting, burn, or feel uncomfortable.

            Ringworm on the scalp may start as a small sore that looks like a pimple before becoming patchy, flaky, or scaly. These flakes may look like dandruff. It can make some hair fall out or break into stubble, leaving a bald spot. It also can make the scalp swollen, tender, and red.

            Sometimes, it causes a pus-filled mass known as a kerion. When the scalp is infected, it can cause swollen lymph nodes at the back of the head or neck.

            Ringworm on the nails may affect one or more nails on the hands or feet. The nails may become thick, white or yellowish, and brittle.

            What Causes Ringworm?

            Ringworm is caused by fungi that normally live on the skin, hair, and nails called dermatophytes (pronounced: der-MAH-tuh-fites). When the environment they live in gets warm and moist, they grow out of control and start to cause symptoms.

            Is Ringworm Contagious?

            Yes. Ringworm can spread:

            • from one person to another by skin-to-skin contact, especially in warm, damp environments
            • to other areas of the body if a person touches the affected area and then touches other body parts, such as the hands
            • from animals to people

            How Do People Get Ringworm?

            Besides spreading from person to person, ringworm can come from pets or other animals (usually cats, dogs, or rodents). It thrives in warm, moist environments such as public showers, locker rooms, or pool areas. It can spread easily when people are in close physical contact. That’s why it’s common in people who play contact sports such as wrestling. It can also be passed on objects like combs, brushes, hats, towels, or clothing.

            Minor skin injuries (such as scratches), too much exposure to heat and humidity, and some health conditions (such as diabetes, obesity, or immune system problems) can make a person more likely to get ringworm.

            How Is Ringworm Diagnosed?

            A doctor can often diagnose ringworm just by looking at it and asking questions about the symptoms and your lifestyle. Sometimes the doctor will scrape off a small sample of the flaky infected skin to look at under a microscope or to test in a laboratory.

            How Is Ringworm Treated?

            Over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal creams, sprays, or powders may solve a mild infection. More serious infections may need prescription medicine, either topical (put on skin) or in pill/syrup form.

            Ringworm on the nails or scalp usually is treated with medicine taken by mouth for 1 to 3 months. An antifungal shampoo prescribed by the doctor can help prevent the spread to other people.

            Use the medicine as long as is recommended, even if the rash seems to be getting better. If not, the infection can come back and spread to other parts of the body.

            To help heal the skin, it’s important to keep the affected area clean and dry. You should:

            • Wash and then dry the area with a clean towel. (Use a separate clean towel for the rest of your body.)
            • Apply the antifungal cream, powder, or spray as directed on the label.
            • Change clothing every day.
            • Treat any other fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot.

            How Long Does Ringworm Last?

            Most mild cases of ringworm usually clear up in 2 to 4 weeks. But treatment might be needed for up to 3 months if the infection is more serious, or affects the nails or the scalp.

            Can Ringworm Be Prevented?

            Ringworm can often be prevented. To avoid it:

            • Keep your skin clean and dry. Wash daily and dry completely, particularly after showering, swimming, and sweaty activities.
            • Use clean towels and avoid sharing clothing, towels, combs, brushes, and hats.
            • Wash sports gear and uniforms as often as possible and don’t share them.
            • Avoid tight-fitting clothing.
            • Change your clothes every day.
            • Wash your hands well with soap and water after playing with pets.
            • Treat any other fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot.

            Disfiguring and Difficult to Treat

            Patient Information: Fungus of the Nails

            Common fungal skin infections include ringworm of the body, jock itch and athlete’s foot. Most people are fairly familiar with their appearance, and know that nonprescription products can easily cure them. However, fungus in other areas is less common and cannot be self-treated.

            Among these are tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp) and onychomycosis (tinea unguium, or fungal nails). Nail fungus affects as many as 30 million Americans, adults more than children. The overall incidence is more common than most people realize because many who experience it take measures to hide its presence. In men, the toenails are the more common site, whereas fingernails are more common in women. Factors that make you more likely to be a target include having an occupation or hobby that requires you to keep the hands or feet wet for long periods. Of course, the feet are natural targets since many people shower in the morning, placing their half-dried feet into socks or hosiery, then encasing them inside shoes for the next 16 hours. The residual moisture from the bath or shower does not evaporate during the day, and contributes greatly to the growth of fungi.

            How Did I Get Nail Fungus?

            The initial fungus of a toenail infection was probably contracted through walking in a location where an infected person walked before you. It may have invaded the skin as athlete’s foot, eventually moving to the nails. For this reason, it is risky to walk barefoot in any location where other people’s feet have been. This includes water parks, the areas around public or private swimming pools, locker rooms, public showers, or even the bathtub/shower stall in any hotel or motel. Instead, purchase a pair of sandals, water shoes, or “flip-flops.”

            What Does Nail Fungus Look Like?

            Most people have the infection on the outer ends of the nail(s). The nail seems to become thicker in the beginning.

            As the fungus eats the nail, it produces brown-to-yellow debris on the lower surface of the nail, which lifts the nail from its nail bed. The entire nail may be lost. Normally, the nails are shiny, with the healthy pink skin showing through. With fungal infection, the nails appear dull and chalky-white. The white discol-oration obscures the pink skin beneath. The nail becomes brittle, flaky and crumbly.

            How Can I Prevent Nail Fungus?

            Keeping the nails clean and dry is the best defense against nail fungus. For instance, remove your shoes and let the feet and nails dry out completely whenever possible.

            Also, make sure that both feet are completely dry after the morning bath or shower before donning footwear. Socks should be changed frequently. The same pair of shoes should not be worn day after day. You should have several pairs of shoes and rotate them constantly to allow each pair to dry out thoroughly before they are worn again.

            What Do I Do About Nail Fungus?

            No self-care is appropriate for treating nail fungus. You must see a physician to receive a prescription treatment as soon as it is convenient to do so.

            Remember, if you have questions, Consult Your Pharmacist.

            ringworm of the nail – Dr Renu Madan

            Onychomycosis (onycho-nails, mycosis-fungal infection), Tinea unguis or simply ringworm of the nail, is a fungal infection affecting finger or toenails; the actual seat of infection being the nail-bed or the plate under the nail surface. Classified as the most common disease of nails, it constitutes about half of all nail abnormalities. Onychomycosis is prevalent in about 6-8% of the adult population.


            It is caused by three main classes of fungal organisms: dermatophytes, yeasts, and non-dermatophyte molds. Fungi are simple parasitic plant organisms that do not need sunlight to grow. Since the fungi prefer dark damp places swimming pools, locker rooms and showers typically harbor the fungi. Toenails are more susceptible to the fungus. 

            dermatophyte fungal skin/nail infection

            Athletes Foot yeast infection

            non-dermatophyte mold

            Chronic disease conditions such as diabetes, problems involving the heart and circulatory system, or immune-deficiency disorders put you at a greater risk of infection. A history of athlete’s foot and excessive perspiration can be contributory too.


            Depending upon the type of fungus, the infection may begin as a white, yellow, grey, brown or black spot under a nail tip. As it spreads deeper into the nail, it may cause it to discolor, thicken, loosen or lift up. Eventually, the nail becomes brittle, cracked and may separate from its bed.

            The surrounding skin may become red, itchy or swollen. Pain results from cellulitis consequent upon the spread of the fungal infection or due to a superimposed bacterial infection.

            If untreated, it may lead to nail deformity and/or loss of the nail plate.


            Fungal infections are difficult to treat as they take several weeks – months to get better and after you’ve grown back your nail, here comes another infection! The fact is, some people are just at risk for having to easily acquire this infection recurrently in their lifetime.

            Though onychomycosis initially appears to be only a cosmetic concern, without treatment, however, the nails can become so thick that they press against the inside of the shoes, causing pressure, irritation, and pain.

            Conventional therapy consists of topical treatments that are applied directly to the nails, as well as systemic drugs such as griseofulvin and ketoconazole. Oral drugs are not so effective due to the low serum concentration of the drug at the site of the infection.

            People with onychomycosis experience immense psycho-social or employment-related issues due to the physically repulsive and abnormal appearance of the nails; particularly when fingers – which are always visible – rather than toenails, are affected.

            Homoeopathic remedies do not kill the fungus. They enhance the immunity of the body to fight the fungus and resist recurrence. This way natural healing takes place. The nail, if mildly damaged, repairs itself. If grossly damaged, it falls off and is replaced by a new healthier nail which can withstand the fungal infection.

            Here is a case of a gentleman who visited my clinic in December 2013 with the above-mentioned medical condition of the fingernails. It was taking his self-esteem for a downslide. Though there were no complaints of itching or pain or any discomfort, the appearance of the nails itself was revolting for him. He avoided meeting people and going out for dinners etc., even though his top-level executive profile required him to. Eating a morsel with his own hands was becoming an ordeal due to a peculiar odor emanating from them.

            He was put on a course of regular homoeopathic treatment for less than a year and this is what we achieved!

                                  Before                          During                       After

            Dec 2013

            Jan 2014

            Sep 2014

            Dec 2013

            Jan 2014

            Sept 2014


            The man is living happy and content post a gentle cure with Homoeopathy. He still visits my clinic on ‘n off for other issues or accompanies his family, but never even once has he come back for the nails!

            This and many more of the nail illnesses; even most of the surgical conditions, if treated with homoeopathic medicines in the initial stages, yield very good results. Homoeopathic medicines can very well control the pain, swelling or any other abnormal sensation in the nail and the surrounding tissue, take care of the dyscrasia and bring back health to the diseased nails.

            • Medicines like Ruta, Silicea, Natrum Muriaticum and Hypericum are found to be useful in treating ingrown toenails, even the one’s leading to deformity.
            • Thuja for diseased fingernails with an ugly–waxy look.
            • Myristica sebifera for pain in fingernails with swelling of the phalanges.
            • Calcarea Carb gives very good results in corrugated nails which are uneven, spotted and irregular,  stimulating the growth of new ones.
            • Fluoric Acid is excellent for crumpled ridges.
            • Graphites is helpful when the nails are thickened, rough and deformed like a horn or are brittle and crumbling.
            • Causticum for ingrowing nails when Silicea fails.


            To maintain healthy finger/toenails and prevent fungal growth, try the following tips:

            • Keep your nails clean and dry. It’s better to cut them short.
            • Wear rubber gloves when using soap and water for prolonged periods.
            • Wear shower slippers/shoes whenever walking or taking a shower in public places such as amusement parks/pools.
            • Stop abusing your nails. Don’t use your fingernails as tools to pick, poke or pry things. Avoid nail-biting.
            • Apply moisturizer to your nails and cuticles every day. Creams with urea, phospholipids, or lactic acid can help prevent cracking.
            • File your nails in one direction and round the tips slightly, rather than filing to a point.
            • Don’t remove the cuticles or clean too deep under your nails. It can lead to infection.
            • Do not apply nail paint to infected nails. It can cause water/moisture to get trapped under the surface.
            • Avoid nail polish removers that contain a higher percentage of acetone or formaldehyde.
            • Make sure your manicure and pedicure tools are disinfected before use. Else carry your own instruments.
            • If you have artificial nails, check regularly for green discoloration (a sign of bacterial infection).
            • Tight hose or shoes trap moisture – a favorable environment for onychomycotic infections. Wearing socks made of synthetic fiber aid in absorbing moisture quickly than cotton or wool.
            • Do change your socks daily. It is advisable to give a break to your shoes every second-third day too.
            • Eat a balanced diet and take vitamins containing biotin. Taking 2.5 milligrams of biotin daily may increase the thickness of nails. Iron, zinc, and B12 are the best to strengthen your nails; iron improves the brittleness while zinc and B12 cause healthy nail growth.
            • As we age, the nail bed’s natural flow of oils and moisture – the cement that holds the nail plate layers together and gives the plate its inherent flexibility – is greatly reduced. Re-hydrating the layers with a good quality cuticle and nail oil containing Jojoba and Vitamin E help dry brittle nails. Jojoba oil has a very tiny molecule that can penetrate the nail plate surface, open up the layers and draw the Vitamin E in after it. The molecular structure of Vitamin E is too large to penetrate the nail plate layers or the surface layer of the skin without the benefits of Jojoba oil. Oiling the nail plate and surrounding cuticle at least twice daily and wearing gloves whenever working with household cleaning solutions helps in preventing nail splits.
            • Do attend to systemic illnesses if any.


            Note::  For better results, do follow the above mentioned preventive measures along with homoeopathic treatment with fervority.


            Fungi-Nail Uses, Side Effects & Warnings

            Generic name: undecylenic acid topical (un deh si LEN ik AS id)
            Brand name: Blis-To-Sol Powder, Elon Dual Defense Anti-Fungal Formula, Fungicure, Fungi-Nail, Myco Nail A, Tineacide, Undelenic
            Drug class: Topical antifungals

            Medically reviewed by on Aug 26, 2020. Written by Cerner Multum.

            What is Fungi-Nail?

            Undecylenic acid is a fatty acid that works by preventing fungus from growing on the skin.

            Fungi-Nail (for the skin) is used to treat skin infections that are caused by fungus, such as athlete’s foot, jock itch, or ringworm.

            Fungi-Nail may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.


            Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.

            Before taking this medicine

            You should not use Fungi-Nail if you are allergic to it.

            Ask a doctor or pharmacist if Fungi-Nail is safe to use if you have sensitive skin or allergies.

            Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice.

            Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

            How should I use Fungi-Nail?

            Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.

            Do not take by mouth. Topical medicine is for use only on the skin.

            Use only the Fungi-Nail formulation made for the specific body area you are treating (such as your feet, groin, or nails). This medicine will not be effective if you do not use the correct formulation.

            Do not allow a young child to use Fungi-Nail without help from an adult.

            Wash your hands before and after using this medicine.

            If you are using Fungi-Nail on your feet, apply the medicine to all areas including between your toes.

            Do not cover treated skin with a bandage. You may cover the skin with a cotton gauze dressing to protect your clothing.

            Avoid wearing tight-fitting, synthetic clothing (such as nylon) that doesn’t allow air circulation. Wear loose clothing made of cotton and other natural fibers until the infection is healed.

            Change your shoes and socks at least once daily while treating athlete’s foot.

            Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 4 weeks of treatment.

            Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time, even if your symptoms quickly improve.

            Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze.

            What happens if I miss a dose?

            Apply the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not apply two doses at one time.

            What happens if I overdose?

            An overdose of Fungi-Nail is not expected to be dangerous. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222 if anyone has accidentally swallowed the medication.

            What should I avoid while using undecylenic acid topical?

            Do not get Fungi-Nail in your eyes. If contact does occur, rinse with water.

            Fungi-Nail side effects

            Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

            Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have:

            Common side effects may include:

            This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

            What other drugs will affect Fungi-Nail?

            Medicine used on the skin is not likely to be affected by other drugs you use. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

            Does Fungi-Nail interact with my other drugs?

            Enter other medications to view a detailed report.

            Frequently asked questions

            Further information

            Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

            Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

            Medical Disclaimer

            Copyright 1996-2021 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 5.01.

            90,000 Ringworm – Southern Nevada Medical District

            What is ringworm?

            Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus. The infection causes a rash that may be ring-shaped with a raised edge. It is usually quite itchy and flaky.

            • When the scalp is infected, a balding area often appears.
            • Fungal infections of the feet are usually very itchy and cause cracks between the toes.

            Other names for ringworm include:

            • shingles
            • Dermatophytosis
            • Athlete’s foot (leg ringworm)
            • Jock itch (groin ringworm)

            How is it spread?

            • You can get ringworm from people, animals, objects, or places.
            • Ringworm spreads from person to person by touch.
              • When someone with ringworm touches or scratches the rash, the fungus sticks to the fingers or gets caught under the nails.
              • The fungus then spreads when that person touches someone else.
            • Ringworm can also be spread by items such as clothing, towels, or combs that have been used by someone with a ringworm infection.
            • Animals can transfer some types of fungus to fur or skin without showing signs of ringworm.
              • Sick or transportable animals can transmit fungi to humans by direct or indirect (hair or dandruff) contact.
            • Places such as gyms, showers and floors can carry fungus if someone uses ringworm
              • Other people can get the fungus from exposure to these places.

            What is treatment?

            Ringworm can be treated with medication. Some medicines are taken by mouth; others are ointments or creams to be applied to the infected area.

            You can avoid spreading ringworm to others:

            • Follow your doctor’s advice for proper treatment
            • Keep skin, hair and nails clean and dry
            • Wash towels and clothing in hot soapy water to kill fungus
            • Stay away from common areas such as public pools and gyms until your infection clears up
            • Return to school or daycare after starting treatment

            How can I prevent ringworm?

            • Do not share clothes, towels, combs or other personal items
            • Keep common areas clean
            • Use a floor and bathtub cleaner that contains a fungicide (called fungicide).
              • For example, regular household bleach or cresol (a certain type of disinfectant)
            • Use good handwashing methods

            Where can I get more information?

            Contact your doctor or the Southern Nevada Department of Epidemiology at (702) 759-1300.

            How to protect yourself from microsporia | Regional Skin and Venereal Diseases Dispensary, Khabarovsk

            Microsporia (ringworm)

            Microsporia is an infectious disease of the integument caused by specific fungi Microsporum canis and Trichophyto tonsurans.This disease is highly contagious, and children are most susceptible to it; ringworm in humans most often affects the skin and hair, less often the nails. If there are minor lesions on the skin or a person has reduced immunity, then infection is more likely. Usually, ringworm in humans occurs due to contact with a sick pet (cat or dog) or with stray animals, which are most often carriers of the fungus that causes this disease. You can also become infected through direct contact with a sick person or through the use of his personal hygiene items.However, most often, ringworm in humans appears precisely because of the contact with the skin of hair particles or the skin of sick people or animals. If a single focus of the disease appears, then washing it with a washcloth or sponge contributes to its spread throughout the body. From the moment the fungus gets on the skin, hair or nails of a person and until signs of the disease appear, it can take from 5 days to 6 weeks. A common sign of ringworm is the formation of round or oval, inflamed patches on the skin that contain crusts or scales.A sick person may complain of mild itching in the inflamed area. It is possible that only one small spot appears and there is no itching, but, nevertheless, ringworm that has arisen requires immediate treatment. In this area, the hair will be broken off at the level of 4-8 mm, as if they were trimmed with lichen. It is because of this that microsporia received the nickname “ringworm” among the people.Small inflamed spots, sometimes in large numbers, may appear around the bald spot. Complication of infection with this disease is possible in rare cases. This happens if a person has too low immunity, and the disease was not detected in time. Signs of the pathological development of the disease are suppuration of rashes, an increase in body temperature and inflammation of the lymph nodes. Complications of such a disease as ringworm lichen should not be allowed, timely treatment is necessary. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a qualified dermatologist during examination. He may also take samples of infected skin for analysis under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis.

            How to protect yourself from microsporia

            Microsporia is an infectious disease in humans and animals caused by microscopic fungi.

            · Scales of the skin affected by fungi, fragments of hair, wool containing viable fungi, falling off with the lesion, infect the patient’s belongings – clothes, hats, bedding, household items (washcloths, brushes, books, toys, etc.). Fungi are highly resistant to many adverse environmental factors and are able to maintain pathogenicity (infectivity) for a long time.

            · Infection with these fungal diseases can occur both through direct contact with sick animals or humans, and through contact with various environmental objects infected with fungi.

            · Of great importance for the prevention of fungal diseases (microsporia) is not only timely and correct specific treatment, but also careful observance of the rules of personal hygiene and disinfection of clothes and linen, premises and various household items through which infection can occur.

            · Among animals, cats, especially kittens, are the most common source of microsporia infection. Unfortunately, sometimes, instead of treating sick animals, they are often thrown out into the street.Such a wandering, homeless animal becomes a source of infection for people, especially children.

            · If you suspect a disease with microsporia, you should immediately consult a doctor, visit him carefully and do not stop treatment without the doctor’s permission. Careless and incomplete treatment can lead to the return of the disease.

            To prevent infection with microsporia of others, certain rules must be observed:

            · Parts of the body affected by fungi must be covered with bandages (cover the head with a cap or scarf made of easy-to-wear fabric).

            · Use individual bedding, towels, linen, clothing, comb, washcloth and other items.

            · Store clothes, hats, used linen and other personal items of the patient separately from the belongings of family members.

            Do not visit a hairdresser’s, sauna, shower room, swimming pool, etc., until the doctor’s permission.

            · As directed by the doctor, timely, correctly and systematically decontaminate the items used by the patient: boil linen for 15 minutes in 1–2% soap and soda solution or iron with a hot iron, and wash combs, toys, brushes warm with soap and water.

            Treatment of clipped lichen – doctors, services, cost on

            Dermatologists of Moscow – latest reviews

            The doctor at the reception took a scraping from me, wrote out a conclusion and wrote how to be treated. I liked everything! I am waiting for the test results by mail.A good, kind and attentive specialist. If necessary, I would recommend it to my friends.


            28 Aug 2021

            My doctor’s appointment went well, I liked everything.Daria Sergeevna is a professional doctor, knows her business. She told and explained everything. Conducted an examination, a conversation and prescribed treatment for me.


            28 Aug 2021

            A good and experienced doctor who takes his business very seriously.During the consultation, he asked me everything and performed a small operation. The doctor helped to solve my problem 100%. Normal reception. I liked everything!


            August 27, 2021

            An excellent specialist! Courteous, attentive and truly professional.Everything is on the case and nothing more.


            August 27, 2021

            At the reception, Sergei Ivanovich prescribed me a treatment that, in my opinion, was dubious.Because he immediately prescribed me a strong drug with antibiotics on my face. The doctor did not take a smear, only shone a flashlight and that’s it. My visit itself lasted about five minutes. I turned to this specialist because I liked the reviews and the doctor had prescribed the specialization I needed.


            August 19, 2021

            A good doctor.Gave a consultation. Prescribed treatment, but I. unfortunately, I cannot pass it. Conducted an examination of the eyes with a special mirror. Communicated well with me. Was attentive. Clearly explained everything on my problem. I would recommend this specialist to my acquaintances and apply myself, if necessary.


            August 18, 2021

            Tatyana Vladimirovna is an attentive, intelligent, professional specialist.Unlike many doctors, she really treats the patient with understanding and understands her issue, so I am ready to recommend her to my loved ones. The appointment lasted one hour, the doctor consulted me, made a diagnosis and made recommendations, answered absolutely all my questions.


            07 August 2021

            Everything was great.The doctor made the correct diagnosis. And the changes in my problem are already visible. He explained everything clearly. The only thing it seemed to me that at the reception the doctor was not drunk a lot.


            03 August 2021

            We have a wart on our leg.The doctor told about all the methods of treatment and explained everything in an accessible way. We used one of the methods to remove the wart. The doctor also explained that this type of procedure is painless. The doctor also explained how to behave after the procedure. The specialist treats children very well. We will come to her for a second appointment to see the condition. Very clean office!


            June 22, 2021

            The doctor is friendly and professional.Elena Gennadevna prescribed treatment for me.


            March 30, 2021

            Show 10 reviews of 23,629 90,000 Trichophytosis (ringworm)

            Trichophytosis (ringworm) – mycotic lesion of smooth skin, hair, nails by fungi of the genus Trichophyton.

            It is characterized by the formation of inflammatory foci with clear boundaries, desquamation. Affected hair becomes brittle, breaks off above the skin level and sticks out in the form of hemp. The disease is highly contagious. Deep skin lesions lead to a deterioration in the general condition, the formation of abscesses.

            The source of infection are people with trichophytosis, animals and household items, seeded with fungal spores. Infection with zoophilic trichophytosis occurs due to contact with sick animals, stray animals are of particular danger.The risk of getting sick increases with constant contact with animals – on livestock farms, in veterinary hospitals and when feeding stray dogs and cats.

            In chronic sluggish forms of trichophytosis, which is especially common in middle-aged women, the infection affects all family members through the use of common combs, pillows and household items. Factors such as crowding, poor personal hygiene, and frequent exposure to unprotected skin increase the likelihood of intrafamilial infection.After the spores of the fungus hit the skin or scalp, their germination begins with the formation of mycelium, which leads to further damage to both the dermis itself and its appendages.

            Clinical manifestations of trichophytosis.

            The symptomatology of trichophytosis depends on the form of the disease, the type of pathogen and the characteristics of the patient’s body, although the superficial, infiltrative and infiltrative-suppurative forms represent the sequential development of one pathological process.And in the absence of adequate treatment, the superficial form of trichophytosis can turn into an infiltrative-suppurative.

            Smooth skin, affected by chronic trichophytosis, cyanotic with gray thin scales. Most often, the skin is affected in the area of ​​the buttocks, inner thighs, forearms and elbows, on the face and on the upper body, trichophytosis is less common, the widespread distribution of trichophytosis throughout the body is observed in isolated cases. The skin pattern is pronounced, a thickening of the stratum corneum of the skin is possible due to which grooves appear on the palms and soles in places of skin folds, the grooves eventually transform into cracks.With lesions of trichophytosis of the palms and soles, bubbles never form. Blisters, crusts and nodules are also not typical for chronic trichophytosis.

            Sometimes the infection spreads to the nails, although nail trichophytosis can occur without skin damage. Nails thicken, become bumpy, rough to the touch, grayish-white spots and stripes can be seen on the free edge of the nail. The supraungual plate is not inflamed, itching and discomfort are absent.

            Diagnosis of trichophytosis.

            A dermatologist makes a diagnosis based on the clinical manifestations and characteristics of the patient’s life (contact with animals, an outbreak of trichophytosis in kindergarten). If necessary, a patient with trichophytosis can be referred to a mycologist. Microscopic examination of scraping for fungi reveals mycotic cells and overgrown mycelium. If it is necessary to carry out a differential diagnosis, then a culture study is carried out to identify the pathogen. In atypical cases of trichophytosis, repeated diagnostic procedures are necessary.

            Prevention of trichophytosis consists in the timely identification of foci of the disease with the isolation of patients and quarantine of contact persons. Systematic examinations in kindergartens can identify children with trichophytosis and prevent the spread of infection. Avoiding contact with homeless animals, examining domestic animals, including those that do not come into contact with wild animals, reduce the risk of infiltrative-suppurative forms of trichophytosis.

            Doctor dermatovenerologist E. GorodnichenkoN.

            Regional dermatovenerologic dispensary, Lipetsk

            This is a skin disease , which differs from other lesions covered with numerous thin scales, as well as hair loss by breaking off at the root. Therefore, this disease and received the name ringworm . It feels like the patient has been cut short.

            Ringworm is caused by a fungus. It is called anthropophilic trichophyton. Transmitted only from a person . This fungus does not settle on animals.

            There must also be certain conditions for this fungus to take root. These are weakened immunity , allergic reactions, usually to drugs, stress, and other factors that weaken the body’s defenses. It is believed that a genetic predisposition also affects the development of ringworm.

            Fungus can settle in various parts of the body. As a rule, this is the skin, the epidermis of the skin on its hair part, the hair itself, as well as nails.In these places, small foci of pale pink are formed, in the center of which there are many scales.

            The scales are not the same color. They can be white and also have different shades of gray. Therefore, these spots appear colored. When parasitizing on hair, the fungus destroys its structure in such a way that at the root about a millimeter of hair breaks off.

            Also, hair with the progression of the fungus begins to spontaneously fall out, that is, the root system of the hair is weakened.The spots grow in breadth, begin to rise above healthy skin, bumps appear on these spots. They acquire a bluish or crimson color.

            If you press on such spots, then there will be pain in them, and thick pus will also come out. These foci have a putrid sweet scent.

            A complication of this process can be an increase in lymph nodes, they acquire soreness and can open like a large boil. Such changes occur in the absence of treatment.Also, lichen may not manifest itself in any way, it can be on a person for many years or completely disappear.

            Ringworm has various types, including superficial lichen, chronic, infiltrative-suppurative, and ringworm of the nails.

            It is important to remember that ringworm is contagious. He can do it if he has been in contact with a sick person for a long time, as well as use his items, such as a towel, slippers, a washcloth, clothes, including hats.It takes 20 days after exposure for symptoms to begin to develop.

            Contacting a dermatologist for ringworm infection should not be delayed. After all, the treatment started early helps to avoid further development of the disease and its complications. Treatment includes the use of medications against the fungus. These are tablets for acting on the fungus from the inside.

            One of the drugs used is griseofulvin tablets. It is necessary to drink a course of these tablets. In parallel, a local effect on the foci with ointments is carried out.You can use sulfur-tar as well as sulfur-salicylic ointments. Alternate them with smearing with an iodine solution.

            Apply methods and preparations to strengthen the immune system . If there are any hormonal causes that weaken the immune system, treatment should be started. These include dysfunctions of the glands of the reproductive system, thyroid hormones, diabetes mellitus. Other infections in the body can weaken the body’s defenses and contribute to the development of the fungus.

            In order to avoid contracting ringworm, you need to remember the rules of and follow them.The use of personal hygiene items should be individualized. When taking a bath, it is necessary to treat it with a cleaning agent, after the pool, take a shower with soap, and wash the swimsuit and cap in powder.

            90,000 Ringworm in cats, inexpensive treatment

            Is your animal sick? Ringworm in cats is an infectious disease caused by the fungi Trichophyton and Microsporum. Fungi live and grow on the skin of an animal. The source of nutrition is nails, hair and the surface layer of the epithelium.Ringworm occurs more frequently in long-haired cats than in short-haired cats. Dermatophytosis is an extremely dangerous disease that requires urgent treatment. Signs of ringworm in cats are as follows:

            • loss of hair on the ears, head and legs;
            • peeling at the site of the outbreak;
            • skin inflammation.

            Ringworm in cats can be easily confused with another disease, so at the first sign you should contact your veterinary clinic.Dermatophytosis is very dangerous and is transmitted to humans and other animals. Veterinarians of our specialized 24-hour veterinary clinic in Moscow will be able to carry out high-quality diagnostics, treatment and prevention. We will help you deal with your problem. Today we are glad to offer you:

            • attention and care;
            • effective therapy;
            • diagnostics and prevention;
            • low prices for services;
            • veterinary pharmacy with safe drugs;
            • pet shop with a wide range of products for your pets;
            • Possibility of ordering drugs and goods;
            • Free consultation with a qualified veterinarian.

            A professional team of veterinarians is ready to help your pet at any time. If you find signs of ringworm in a cat, we are waiting for you at the Moscow clinic. Contact information is located in the sections of the site. Orders for drugs or goods for you and your pets are accepted on one of the phone numbers provided. You can get information about services and prices from a consultant by phone. The doctor will give recommendations, tell you how to act in this situation.

            We will cure ringworm in cats in Moscow

            Ringworm therapy in cats should be carried out in a complex manner.We are in a hurry to help you. Competent specialists with medical education will provide effective therapy and cure your pet for ringworm in cats. The cost of services plays an important role, and we are pleased to announce that in Moscow prices for services are lower than you will not find here. We love your pets no less than you, so we show the utmost care, doing everything possible to make the animal cheerful and cheerful again. Are you in trouble? Did your little friend get sick? Call us – we will help, we will cure not only ringworm in cats, but also any other disease promptly with a 100% positive result.After us, there will be no need to complete the treatment. The team of professional veterinarians knows their business and has many years of practical experience. We will do our best to rid your pet of the deadly disease, ringworm in cats.

            90,000 Caution, shingles!

            Caution, deprive!

            Microsporia, in common people – lichen, highly contagious fungal disease of the skin and hair caused by fungi of the genus Microsporum.This is the most common mycosis in children. Currently, there is an increase in the incidence of microsporia.

            The main animals involved in the preservation and transmission of infection are cats, especially kittens, less often dogs. Cats of light colors and brindle color are especially often ill with microsporia. Infection with this mycosis is also possible from a person sick with microsporia, extremely rarely from the soil. Still, animals are the culprit. Direct infection occurs during close contact with a sick animal, when they play with it, wash it, warm it under a shirt, let it go to bed, as well as through objects that have been infected with scales and wool.At home, infection is possible through bed linen, towels, clothing, hats, cleaning equipment, animal bedding. In the entrances of houses and courtyards – through the near-door rugs, dust of staircases, attics and basements, sand of children’s sandboxes, water from shallow reservoirs. The source of infection can be a baby carriage left overnight in the entrance of the house and chosen by cats. In hairdressing salons – hair clippers, scissors, combs, curlers. In children’s institutions – toys, towels, hats, linen, books.Microsporia mainly affects children under 15 years old, which is associated with the structural features of sebum and keratin in the hair. In adults, the disease is less common.

            The incidence of microsporia varies throughout the year. Two outbreaks of the disease can be distinguished. The first falls in May – June and is associated not only with the birth of attractive kittens for children, but also with greater freedom of children in the summer, their greater contact with the animal world when moving to the village, to the country, to health, sports camps.Another rise in morbidity is observed in September-November, when children return to the city and are carefully examined not only by their parents, but also by medical workers when they enter schools and kindergartens.

            The incubation period for microsporia is from 5 to 7 days to 4 to 6 weeks. A pink patch on your baby’s skin should make you suspicious of lichen. At the onset of the disease, round and oval spots appear on the skin more often on the open parts: the face, neck, upper and lower extremities.Spots of pink color, with clear boundaries, a roller on the periphery, covered with scales. They can be unpleasant and itchy. If the lichen treatment is not started on time, the rash can spread throughout the body. Typical lesions on the scalp are usually located on the crown, in the parietal and temporal regions. They look like round – oval “bald patches” up to 3 – 5 cm in diameter.

            In the area of ​​the focus, the process of breaking off the hair is clearly visible at the level of 2 – 4 mm from the skin or at the very root, as if trimmed.It is no coincidence that the people call microsporia ringworm. Under Wood’s lamp, the affected hair glows green, reminiscent of a newly mown meadow. The general condition of the patient as a rule does not change.

            Having found such signs, do not start the situation and try to see a doctor, if not immediately, then at least in the next few days, do not self-medicate. Children with dry skin or minor injuries and abrasions are at risk. After all, the main function of the epidermis is protection.If it is violated, the likelihood of fungal scales entering the body increases. Treatment of patients with microsporia seems to be an important, socially significant problem. This disease usually affects not only children, but also their parents. Due to the high contagiousness of mycosis, children are prohibited from attending kindergartens and schools. They skip school hours, find themselves separated from the children’s collective for a long time. Parents are forced to interrupt work and take sick leaves for care.

            The speedy recovery of patients with microsporia is achieved with timely recognition of mycosis and adequate treatment.It includes the combined use of systemic and external antifungal agents. Treatment can last from 2 weeks to several months, depending on how early it is started. Only a doctor can decide when to stop taking antifungal drugs. If at least one spore of the fungus is not destroyed, the disease will begin again after some time. The criterion for recovery will be three negative tests for fungus, with an interval of 7 days.

            To beat shingles faster, try to follow some simple rules:

            • Set aside synthetic and stiff clothing.It creates a greenhouse effect, which contributes to the rapid spread of microsporia. Choose cotton and soft clothing. It will not irritate and scratch already injured skin.

            • Make sure the child does not come into contact with other children.

            • Remove all carpets and soft toys for the duration of the illness: skin particles and hair with fungal spores on them can get on the fleecy surface, from which it will be very difficult to remove them.

            • Vacuum and wash the floor frequently using disinfectants to prevent fungal spores from spreading throughout the room.

            • Change and treat laundry more often using high temperatures – iron and steam, and also wash, boil, iron the child’s clothes separately so as not to infect the rest of the family.

            • Wash children’s toys after every play.

            • Do not bathe your baby in a bathtub, as this can spread the infection throughout the body.

            And finally, remember the rules for the prevention of microsporia: never let your child touch unfamiliar animals, and periodically check your pets for infections. Examine your baby carefully every day and during water procedures. And, of course, strengthen the defenses of the child’s body! A baby with good immunity is more likely to avoid infection, even in a direct encounter with lichen. Antiseptic hand gels, which are very convenient to use on the street and on the road, will also slightly reduce the likelihood of infection.