List of milestones for babies: CDC’s Developmental Milestones | CDC

Baby milestones chart: Development milestones by month

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Baby milestones are skills babies learn in the first 12 months of life. A lot happens in the first year: Babies start cooing, babbling, imitating speech, and saying their first words. They smile, laugh, and interact with their caregivers. Movement milestones include rolling over, sitting unassisted, crawling, standing, and potentially walking. All babies develop at a different pace, and variations are normal. But keeping an eye on your baby’s milestones month by month helps to ensure their development is on track.

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Baby milestones

Baby milestones are the accomplishments or skills you can expect your child to achieve or learn in the first year of life. Watching for development milestones helps you and your baby’s pediatrician ensure that your baby’s development is on track.

In the first year, babies learn and grow at an astonishing pace. These 12 months are chock-full of exciting development milestones, from saying “mama” or “dada” to sitting up, crawling, and maybe even taking those momentous first steps. Although all children develop at different rates, there’s a standard milestone timeline that most babies follow.

As you learn which baby milestones to expect this year, keep in mind that this is only a guideline. Each child is unique and develops at their own pace. If your baby is advanced in one skill (say, crawling or walking), they may be less advanced in another (such as talking). Rest assured, there’s a wide range of what’s considered normal.

Still, let the doctor know if you notice that your little one is behind on certain baby milestones month to month. Your child’s pediatrician may want to check for development delays. The earlier any potential issues are detected, the sooner they can be addressed, often leading to a better outcome.

For more information on helping your baby meet physical milestones, check out Meeting physical milestones through playOpens a new window, BabyCenter’s course about using play to foster your baby’s healthy development.

Here are baby milestones to look out for according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, March of Dimes, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

1 month old milestones

  • Tries different facial expressions
  • Can recognize your smell
  • Startles at loud noises (hearing is fully developed)
  • Can see things 8 to 12 inches away (eyesight is developing)
  • Enjoys high-contrast patterns, especially black and white
  • May be able to hold their head up for brief moments
  • May be able to turn head from side to side during tummy time

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 1-month-old.

2 month old milestones

  • May smile
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • Possibly self-soothes by thumb-sucking
  • Makes cooing noises
  • Turns head toward sounds, especially your voice
  • Visually tracks an object in front of them
  • Tries to look at a parent’s face
  • Has improved head and neck control, thanks to plenty of tummy time
  • Makes smoother arm and leg movements

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Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 2-month-old.

3 month old milestones

  • Smiles socially in response to others
  • May laugh
  • Lifts head and chest during tummy time and possibly supports upper body with arms
  • Kicks when placed on back
  • Pushes down on feet when placed against a solid surface
  • Watches faces
  • Follows objects with eyes
  • Turns head toward sounds
  • Makes babbling noises
  • Imitates sounds
  • Has improved hand-eye coordination
  • Reaches for and may be able to grasp toys
  • Open and shuts hands
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • Might begin rolling from tummy to back

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 3-month-old.

4 month old milestones

  • Smiles at familiar faces
  • Recognizes objects, like a favorite toy
  • Uses hands and eyes together to reach and grab for objects of interest
  • Enjoys playing with toys
  • May get frustrated when it’s time to stop playing
  • Begins to babble
  • Imitates sounds and facial expressions
  • Holds head steady without support
  • Pushes body up onto elbows during tummy time
  • May roll over from tummy to back

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 4-month-old.

5 month old milestones

  • Enjoys playing games like “peek-a-boo”
  • Can likely roll over from tummy to back
  • May be able to sit when propped up with pillows
  • Picks up and moves objects with hands
  • Understands cause and effect (for example, that dropping a block makes noise)

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 5-month-old.

6 month old milestones

  • Recognizes familiar people
  • Enjoys looking in the mirror (recognizes self)
  • Likes playing games like patty-cake
  • Responds to other people’s emotions
  • Tries to “talk” with you, or babbles back at you
  • Says consonant sounds like “m” and “b”
  • Responds to own name
  • Is curious about the surrounding world
  • Explores objects using mouth
  • Passes toys between hands
  • Rolls from tummy to back and back to tummy
  • May attempt to get up on hands and knees and rock back and forth
  • May be able to sit without support
  • Likely has fun bouncing on legs when supported

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 6-month-old.

7 month old milestones

  • Rolls both ways (from tummy to back and back to tummy)
  • Notices and tracks distant objects with eyes
  • Reaches with one hand
  • Picks up larger objects
  • Passes objects between hands
  • Uses a “raking” movement to move small objects
  • May understand some words, including their own name and “no”
  • Babbles chains of consonants like “ma ma ma ma”
  • Reacts to emotion in your voice
  • Loves playing with you
  • Might be able to sit without support
  • May be able to support their own weight on their feet when held under armpits

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 7-month-old.

8 month old milestones

  • Sits without support
  • Babbles
  • Easily passes objects between hands
  • Might become attached to a special toy
  • May pull themselves up to stand
  • Could start to crawl
  • May say some words, like “mama”
  • Might grasp smaller objects

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 8-month-old.

9 month old milestones

  • Claps their hands
  • Attempts to wave
  • May use fingers to point
  • Picks up small objects like finger foods
  • Remembers the location of toys and other objects
  • May cry when you leave due to separation anxiety
  • Understands certain words, like their name and “no”
  • Makes many different sounds
  • Has likely begun crawling
  • Might be afraid of strangers and clingy with parents
  • Can probably pull themselves up to stand
  • Can get into sitting position and sit without support

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 9-month-old.

10 month old milestones

  • Experiments with toys by shaking, throwing, or banging them
  • Copies your patterns of speech
  • Can likely understand and use some baby sign language
  • May communicate using basic gestures, such as pointing at objects they want
  • Might crawl
  • May pull themselves up to stand
  • Might take a few steps on their own

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 10-month-old.

11 month old milestones

  • Understands more words
  • Looks at objects when named
  • Uses gestures to communicate, such as waving bye
  • May be able to pull up with support and stand for a few seconds
  • May “cruise” while standing and holding onto furniture or a walking toy
  • Might take a few steps without holding on
  • Could say first words
  • Might be able to follow simple directions

Learn more about milestones, growth, and development for your 11-month-old.

12 month old milestones

  • Sits without support
  • Get onto hands and knees
  • Pulls up to stand
  • May remain standing without support
  • Crawls
  • Cruises (walks while standing and holding onto furniture or a walking toy)
  • May walk without support
  • Explores objects by banging, shaking, and dropping
  • Moves objects in and out of containers
  • Uses a sippy cup
  • Says single words, like “dada” or “uh oh”
  • Tries to imitate words
  • Remembers where objects are hidden
  • Responds to simple commands
  • Look at correct picture when image is named
  • Uses gestures, such as shaking head no
  • Points at objects or people of interest
  • Shows preferences for certain people or toys
  • Likely experiences some separation anxiety
  • May hold a marker and try to scribble

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Colleen de Bellefonds

Colleen de Bellefonds is a freelance health and lifestyle journalist. She’s raising her toddler daughter and newborn son with her French husband in Paris.


Developmental milestones record: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

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Developmental milestones are behaviors or physical skills seen in infants and children as they grow and develop. Rolling over, crawling, walking, and talking are all considered milestones. The milestones are different for each age range.

There is a normal range in which a child may reach each milestone. For example, walking may begin as early as 8 months in some children. Others walk as late as 18 months and it is still considered normal.

One of the reasons for well-child visits to the health care provider in the early years is to follow your child’s development. Most parents also watch for different milestones. Talk to your child’s provider if you have concerns about your child’s development.

Closely watching a “checklist” or calendar of developmental milestones may trouble parents if their child is not developing normally. At the same time, milestones can help to identify a child who needs a more detailed check-up. Research has shown that the sooner the developmental services are started, the better the outcome. Examples of developmental services include: speech therapy, physical therapy, and developmental preschool.

Below is a general list of some of the things you might see children doing at different ages. These are NOT precise guidelines. There are many different normal paces and patterns of development.

Infant — birth to 1 year

  • Able to drink from a cup
  • Able to sit alone, without support
  • Babbles
  • Displays social smile
  • Gets first tooth
  • Plays peek-a-boo
  • Pulls self to standing position
  • Rolls over by self
  • Says mama and dada, using terms appropriately
  • Understands “NO” and will stop activity in response
  • Walks while holding on to furniture or other support

Toddler — 1 to 3 years

  • Able to feed self neatly, with minimal spilling
  • Able to draw a line (when shown one)
  • Able to run, pivot, and walk backwards
  • Able to say first and last name
  • Able to walk up and down stairs
  • Begins pedaling tricycle
  • Can name pictures of common objects and point to body parts
  • Dresses self with only a little bit of help
  • Imitates speech of others, “echoes” word back
  • Learns to share toys (without adult direction)
  • Learns to take turns (if directed) while playing with other children
  • Masters walking
  • Recognizes and labels colors appropriately
  • Recognizes differences between males and females
  • Uses more words and understands simple commands
  • Uses spoon to feed self

Preschooler — 3 to 6 years

  • Able to draw a circle and square
  • Able to draw stick figures with two to three features for people
  • Able to skip
  • Balances better, may begin to ride a bicycle
  • Begins to recognize written words, reading skills start
  • Catches a bounced ball
  • Enjoys doing most things independently, without help
  • Enjoys rhymes and word play
  • Hops on one foot
  • Rides tricycle well
  • Starts school
  • Understands size concepts
  • Understands time concepts

School-age child — 6 to 12 years

  • Begins gaining skills for team sports such as soccer, T-ball, or other team sports
  • Begins to lose “baby” teeth and get permanent teeth
  • Girls begin to show growth of armpit and pubic hair, breast development
  • Menarche (first menstrual period) may occur in girls
  • Peer recognition begins to become important
  • Reading skills develop further
  • Routines important for daytime activities
  • Understands and is able to follow several directions in a row

Adolescent — 12 to 18 years

  • Adult height, weight, sexual maturity
  • Boys show growth of armpit, chest, and pubic hair; voice changes; and testicles/penis enlarge
  • Girls show growth of armpit and pubic hair; breasts develop; menstrual periods start
  • Peer acceptance and recognition is of vital importance
  • Understands abstract concepts

Related topics include:

  • Developmental milestones record – 2 months
  • Developmental milestones record – 4 months
  • Developmental milestones record – 6 months
  • Developmental milestones record – 9 months
  • Developmental milestones record – 12 months
  • Developmental milestones record – 18 months
  • Developmental milestones record – 2 years
  • Developmental milestones record – 3 years
  • Developmental milestones record – 4 years
  • Developmental milestones record – 5 years

Growth milestones for children; Normal childhood growth milestones; Childhood growth milestones

  • Developmental growth

Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW.  The health record. In: Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW, eds. Siedel’s Guide to Physical Examination. 10th ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2023:chap 5.

Kimmel SR, Ratliff-Schaub K. Growth and development. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 22.

Lipkin PH. Developmental and behavioral surveillance and screening. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 28.

Updated by: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

List of necessary things for a newborn

Expecting a baby is a time filled with pleasant chores and worries, among which there is always a place for shopping to choose everything you need for your unborn child. Even if you prefer online shopping, it doesn’t hurt to make a list of what you need for your newborn.

Why buy baby products in advance?

Despite superstition, many modern parents begin to think about buying baby products a few months before giving birth, carefully planning and listing the most necessary things. This approach allows you not only to save your nerves, but also save money, because having time left, you can compare prices, not miss promotions and choose the most profitable options. It will also save you from the situation when the desired model or color is not available, it will be delivered only in a couple of weeks, and the goods are needed for today.

The most important block in the list of what a baby needs is things for discharge from the maternity hospital.

What do you need at discharge?

If you can buy everything else later, then you should definitely pack things for the maternity hospital in advance and first of all take care of the following points:

  • body, sliders, bonnets and socks.
  • For the discharge itself, prepare an elegant envelope, a set of clothes or overalls appropriate for the weather. In winter, it will not be superfluous to wrap the baby in a blanket.
  • Take a small pack of newborn diapers with you. If you are worried about allergies, you can purchase the smallest packs from different brands to see which one works best.
  • Hygiene products: baby liquid soap, cream for delicate skin under diapers, dry and wet wipes.
  • If you are driving home, take care of the safety of your newborn by purchasing a car seat or infant carrier. You can read about the difference between groups of car seats and what is better to choose based on your needs in the article. When buying, pay attention to the compliance of the model with European standards, you can find out about it from the signs on the case or in the attached documents.

What does a baby need after delivery?

In the first month of a child’s life, the attention of mother and father will be focused on his needs and development. At this time, as a rule, there is no time for shopping, so it will be great if all the necessary items upon arrival from the maternity hospital are waiting for you at home.

Furniture, transport and household items

The most important and costly section of the list, here we have included the necessary items for sleeping, walking and bathing:

  • Cot.
  • Mattress.
  • Bed set.
  • Stroller.
  • Changing table.
  • Tray.

When choosing a crib, be guided by well-known and trusted brands, and also take into account the practicality of the model. Playpens and cradles are good for the little ones, but if you want to use the crib for many years, go for the classic model with a drop-down side and bottom height adjustment. Read more about choosing a bed in our article.

Choose a quality orthopedic mattress according to the size of the crib. The sleeping surface should be flat and firm to promote proper posture. Opt for hypoallergenic materials such as coconut coir and cotton. A waterproof case can be purchased to protect against moisture.

Bedding sets can include everything you need: duvet with duvet cover, pillow with pillowcase, sheet and soft protective bumpers. These are 6 in 1 sets. But you can choose everything separately, the main thing is to take into account the dimensions.

Walking with a baby is unimaginable without a stroller. It should be light, compact and fit easily in an elevator. You can purchase a model with a cradle for the first time, and after six months, pick up a stroller, or buy a two- or three-in-one model right away. When choosing, check the reliability of the chassis, frame and wheelbase, the safety of materials and the reputation of the brand. Contrary to stereotypes, a good stroller does not have to be very expensive, the modern industry offers quality options at affordable prices.

The changing table makes baby care more comfortable: changing a diaper, changing your baby’s clothes and carrying out hygiene procedures is easier on a flat, spacious surface. An analogue for small apartments is a changing mat on a soft or hard base. It can be placed on a table, dresser or sofa.

It is undesirable to carry out bath procedures without a bath: holding and washing a child in an ordinary bath is inconvenient and simply dangerous. Our advice will help you with choosing the ideal model, but the main thing you need to know is that only a horizontal container is suitable for a baby, in which it will not be cramped. In the kit, if desired, you can pick up an anatomical slide, stand and thermometer.


If you already know the gender and the approximate weight and height of the unborn child, you can safely stock up on clothes. Among what a newborn needs, there are the following wardrobe items:

  • Undershirts (4-5 pieces).
  • Romper (2-3 pieces). Models with a high elastic band or a fastener over the shoulder are considered the most comfortable.
  • Body (3-4 pieces). Clothing with buttons between the legs allows you to quickly change diapers.
  • Slips (2-3 pieces) for sleeping, walking in warm weather or as a base for warm overalls.
  • Caps (2-3 pieces).
  • Socks (5-6 pairs).
  • Bibs.

Parents of winter children have more expenses: to the basic list, you need to add warm overalls and a hat, and also take care of the presence of a warm cover for the stroller.

When purchasing clothes, follow these simple rules:

  • Choose the density of the fabric depending on the time of year: for autumn and winter, you need to take more models with a fleece, and in summer and late spring – thin ones.
  • Do not buy clothes made of synthetics, it is better to give preference to quality over quantity and choose clothes made from natural materials.
  • Don’t wear too many clothes of the same size because your baby will outgrow them quickly.
  • Be careful with clothes in bright colors, they can irritate the baby’s eyes.
  • Avoid fasteners on the back, they will interfere with the child.



  • Diapers. You can choose special ones for a boy or a girl, or buy universal ones.
  • Cotton swabs.
  • Baby wet and dry wipes.
  • Powder for diapers.
  • Shampoo and baby soap.
  • Manicure scissors with rounded tips.
  • Laundry detergent without phosphates and strong odor.
  • Baby cream or oil.
  • Antiseptic for accidental scratches.

Baby’s skin is sensitive and needs careful and gentle care. All hygiene products should be designed for use on children’s skin, not contain aggressive components or allergens.


he will purchase a bottle warmer.

When breastfeeding, you can buy special devices to make the process comfortable for the mother:

  • Breast pump for expressing milk.
  • Postpartum bandage and special nursing bra.
  • Breast pads to keep milk out of clothes.

The above is just a basic list, each family can scale it down or expand it based on their lifestyle, needs and budget.

You can pick up most of the goods from the list in the online store Our experts will be happy to help with the choice and answer questions by phone:

0-800-75-71-75 (free)

The Sims 4: All stages of baby development

Home Guides 9 0189 Sims 4: All baby milestones (how to get them and what they are. ..

The Sims 4 base game introduced babies as a stage of growing up between newborns (formerly babies) and toddlers. Babies have a wider range of interactions than newborns as they explore the world. Players can follow their moods and needs in the same way as adult Sims, further enhancing the realism of the game. Players with the Life Path Expansion Pack can work through the milestones of infancy by giving babies a wider range of activities and truly developing them before they become toddlers.

The Sims 4 Growing Together Expansion Pack allows players to explore more realistic family dynamics with their Sims by developing relationships throughout the game. All age groups have their own milestones that can affect their development and growth. Milestones for babies focus on fine and gross motor development, social interactions, and “first steps” such as the first bath.

How to unlock fine motor milestones

One of the main categories of baby development in The Sims 4 is fine motor skills. Fine motor skills focus on an infant’s ability to manipulate their hands and fingers with the same grace and control that adults take for granted. Most milestone categories for babies must be unlocked in chronological order while playing as a baby in The Sims 4.

Babies unlock the fine motor milestones in this order: Learn to Reach, Learn to Grab, Put Finger in Mouth, Learn to Swing, Learn to Clap, and Learn to Grab with Fingers.

Players unlock The Sims 4 Baby Fine Motor milestones by letting your baby play with toys or other utensils. At first, the adult sims need to give the baby the toys they need, but over time, the baby can take the toys on their own. The more an infant plays with toys, the more likely they are to unlock the milestone.

How to unlock sitting and other gross motor milestones

Gross motor skills is a category of baby milestones in The Sims 4 that focuses on larger movements. The order of milestones includes: Head up, Rolled onto back, Rolled onto stomach, Learned to crawl, Learned to sit, Pulled up to stand, Learned to dance, and Learned to crawl.

Relationships in The Sims 4 Growing Up Together help unlock these milestones as adults must initiate Tummy Time with the baby. At this time, adults can help the baby “Practice standing” and “Practice crawling.” As with the Fine Motor category, babies will eventually be able to initiate Tummy Time on their own over time.

How to unlock social milestones

Babies unlock their social milestones in The Sims 4 through watching and interacting with other Sims. This category is chronological, including such milestones as “First smiled”, “Learned to crow”, “Learned to laugh”, “Learned to babble”, “Learned to kiss” and “Learned to peep”.

Players must send their older Sims to show the baby some love, which will speed up the milestone process and turn babies into mature toddlers in The Sims 4.

How to unlock firstborns

The Firsts Milestone category in The Sims 4 is the only one of its kind that is not in chronological order. First milestones include First bath, First bath, First diaper blow, First visitors, First baby food, First finger food, Pee on the caregiver, and Sleep all night.

There are three different ways to unlock these milestones. The first is through meeting the basic needs of the child. The second is baby monitoring to find the perfect opportunity to unlock milestones like Slept All Night. Finally, some milestones require milestones from other categories, such as grasping your finger to get your first finger food.

Infancy milestones help improve a child’s skills as they grow older and reward special character traits. Passing all milestones of infancy unlocks the Top-Notch Infant trait for more positive Sim development. The new stage system is exactly what family-oriented Sims 4 players have been waiting for. She encourages players to develop and engage with their new babies as part of The Sims 4 Life Path Expansion.

Last updated 03/20/2023

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Timur Gaidilov

Timur is dual-specialized: business administration and media and communications. Although he can write various articles, he is currently writing guides, tips and game guides. As a veteran gamer, Timur has developed a critical eye for video games and loves to break down both gameplay and storytelling to the delight of those who read his rants.