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Contact dermatitis – NHS

Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema triggered by contact with a particular substance.

Eczema is the name for a group of conditions that cause skin to become dry and irritated.

Contact dermatitis usually improves or clears up completely if the substance causing the problem is identified and avoided. Treatments are also available to help ease the symptoms.

Information:

Coronavirus advice

Get advice about coronavirus and eczema from the National Eczema Society

Symptoms of contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis causes the skin to become itchy, blistered, dry and cracked.

Lighter skin can become red, and darker skin can become dark brown, purple or grey.

This reaction usually occurs within a few hours or days of exposure to an irritant or allergen.

Symptoms can affect any part of the body but most commonly the hands and face.

Read about symptoms of contact dermatitis

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When to see a pharmacist

Speak to a pharmacist if your contact dermatitis is troubling you.

They can recommend treatments such as emollients (moisturisers), which you rub on your skin to stop it becoming dry.

Find a pharmacy

When to see a GP

See a GP if you have persistent, recurrent or severe symptoms of contact dermatitis. They can try to identify the cause and suggest appropriate treatments.

A GP may refer you to  a doctor who specialises in treating skin conditions (dermatologist) for further tests if:

  • the substance causing your contact dermatitis cannot be identified
  • your symptoms are not responding to treatment

Read about diagnosing contact dermatitis

Causes of contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis can be caused by:

  • an irritant – a substance that directly damages the outer layer of skin
  • an allergen – a substance that causes the immune system to respond in a way that affects the skin

Contact dermatitis is most commonly caused by irritants such as soaps and detergents, solvents or regular contact with water.

Read about causes of contact dermatitis

Treating contact dermatitis

If you can successfully avoid the irritants or allergens that trigger your symptoms, your skin will eventually clear up.

However, as this is not always possible, you may also be advised to use:

  • emollients – moisturisers applied to the skin to stop it becoming dry
  • topical corticosteroids – steroid ointments and creams applied to the skin to relieve severe symptoms

If you have a severe episode of contact dermatitis and it covers a large area of your skin, a doctor may prescribe oral corticosteroids, but this is rare.

Read about treating contact dermatitis

Preventing contact dermatitis

The best way to prevent contact dermatitis is to avoid contact with the allergens or irritants that cause your symptoms.

If you cannot avoid contact, you can take steps to reduce the risk of the allergens or irritants causing symptoms, including:

  • cleaning your skin – if you come into contact with an allergen or irritant, rinse the affected skin with warm water and an emollient as soon as possible
  • using gloves to protect your hands – but take them off every now and again, as sweating can make any symptoms worse; you may find it useful to wear cotton gloves underneath rubber gloves if the rubber also irritates you
  • changing products that irritate your skin – check the ingredients on make-up or soap to make sure it does not contain any irritants or allergens; in some cases, you may need to contact the manufacturer or check online to get this information
  • applying emollients frequently and in large amounts – these keep your skin hydrated and help protect it from allergens and irritants; you could also use emollient soap substitutes rather than regular bar or liquid soaps, which can dry out your skin

Other types of eczema

Other types of eczema include:

  • atopic eczema (also called atopic dermatitis) – the most common type of eczema; it often runs in families and is linked to other conditions, such as asthma and hay fever
  • discoid eczema – circular or oval patches of eczema on the skin
  • varicose eczema – this most often affects the lower legs; it’s caused by problems with the flow of blood through the leg veins

Page last reviewed: 12 November 2019
Next review due: 12 November 2022

Rash or Redness – Localized

Is this your child’s symptom?

  • Red or pink rash on one small part of the body (localized)
  • Small spots, large spots or solid redness
  • Includes redness from skin irritation

Causes of Localized Rash or Redness

  • Irritants. A rash in just one spot is usually caused by skin contact with an irritant.
  • Plants. Many plants cause skin reactions. Sap from evergreens can cause a red area.
  • Pollen. Playing in the grass can cause a pink rash on exposed skin.
  • Pet Saliva. Some people get a rash where a dog or cat has licked them.
  • Food. Some children get a rash if a food is rubbed on the skin. An example could be a fresh fruit. Some babies get hives around the mouth from drooling while eating a new food.
  • Chemicals. Many of the products used in the home can be irritating to the skin.
  • Insect Bite. Local redness and swelling is a reaction to the insect’s saliva. Can be very large without being an allergy. Kids often get mosquito bites without anyone noticing it.
  • Bee Sting. Local redness and swelling is a reaction to the bee’s venom. Can be very large without being an allergy.
  • Cellulitis. This is a bacterial infection of the skin. The main symptom is a red area that keeps spreading. Starts from a break in the skin (such as a scratched insect bite). The red area is painful to the touch.
  • Other Common Causes. Look at the “See Other Care Guide” section. 8 rashes that you may be able to recognize are listed there. If you suspect one of them, go there. If not, use this guide.

Localized Versus Widespread Rash: How to Decide

  • Localized means the rash occurs on one small part of the body. Usually, the rash is just on one side of the body. An example is a rash on 1 foot. Exceptions: athlete’s foot can occur on both feet. Insect bites can be scattered.
  • Widespread means the rash occurs on larger areas. Examples are both legs or the entire back. Widespread can also be on most of the body surface. Widespread rashes always occur on matching (both) sides of the body. Many viral rashes are on the chest, stomach and back.
  • The cause of a widespread rash usually goes through the blood stream. Examples are rashes caused by viruses, bacteria, toxins, and food or drug allergies.
  • The cause of a localized rash usually is just from contact with the skin. Examples are rashes caused by chemicals, allergens, insect bites, ringworm fungus, bacteria or irritants.
  • This is why it’s important to make this distinction.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a common cause of a rash in one area. This is especially true of a small rash that will not go away. Contact dermatitis usually starts as raised red spots. It can change to blisters, as in poison ivy. The rash is itchy. Contact dermatitis is an allergic skin rash. The location of the rash may suggest the cause:

  • Poison ivy or oak: exposed areas, such as the hands.
  • Nickel (metal): anywhere the metal has touched the skin. (Neck from necklaces, earlobe from earrings, or fingers from rings. Stomach from metal snap inside pants, wrist from watch, or face from eyeglass frames.)
  • Tanning agents in leather: tops of the feet from shoes or hands from leather gloves
  • Preservatives in creams, lotions, cosmetics, sunscreens, shampoos: where applied
  • Neomycin in antibiotic ointment: where applied

When to Call for Rash or Redness – Localized

Call 911 Now

  • Not moving or too weak to stand
  • You think your child has a life-threatening emergency

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Purple or blood-colored spots or dots that are not from injury or friction
  • Age less than 1 month old and tiny water blisters
  • Your child looks or acts very sick
  • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Bright red area or red streak (but not sunburn)
  • Rash is very painful
  • Fever is present
  • Severe itching
  • Looks like a boil, infected sore or other infected rash
  • Teenager with a rash on the genitals
  • Lyme disease suspected (bull’s eye rash and tick bite or contact)
  • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Contact Doctor During Office Hours

  • Blisters without a clear cause. Exception: Poison Ivy.
  • Pimples (Use an antibiotic ointment until seen)
  • Rash grouped in a stripe or band
  • Peeling fingers
  • Rash lasts more than 7 days
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Mild localized rash or redness

Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations

If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.

Care Advice for Localized Rashes

  1. What You Should Know About Localized Rashes:
    • Most new localized rashes are due to skin contact with an irritating substance.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Avoid the Cause:
    • Try to find the cause.
    • Consider irritants like a plant (such as evergreens or weeds). Also, chemicals (such as solvents or insecticides). Irritants also can include fiberglass or detergents. A new cosmetic or new jewelry (such as nickel) may also be the cause.
    • A pet may carry the irritant, as with poison ivy or oak. Also, your child could react directly to pet saliva.
    • Review the list of causes for contact dermatitis.
  3. Do Not Use Soap:
    • Wash the red area once with soap to remove any remaining irritants.
    • Then, do not use soaps on it. Reason: Soaps can slow healing.
    • Cleanse the area when needed with warm water.
  4. Cold Soaks for Itching:
    • Use a cold wet washcloth or soak in cold water for 20 minutes.
    • Do this every 3 to 4 hours as needed. This will help with itching or pain.
  5. Steroid Cream for Itching:
    • If the itch is more than mild, use 1% hydrocortisone cream (such as Cortaid). Put it on the rash.
    • No prescription is needed.
    • Use it 3 times per day.
    • Exception: Do not use for suspected ringworm.
  6. Try Not to Scratch:
    • Help your child not to scratch.
    • Cut the fingernails short.
  7. Return to School:
    • Children with localized rashes do not need to miss any child care or school.
  8. What to Expect:
    • Most of these rashes go away in 2 to 3 days.
  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Rash spreads or gets worse
    • Rash lasts for more than 1 week
    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Your child becomes worse

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

Last Reviewed: 05/30/2021

Last Revised: 03/11/2021

Copyright 2000-2021. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

Skin Reactions to Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy

Targeted therapy and immunotherapy are more specific treatments than chemotherapy. They may cause different side effects from those usually linked with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy side effects usually include nausea, vomiting, weakness, and changes in blood counts. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy side effects may include skin, hair, nail, and/or eye problems.

What is targeted therapy?

Targeted therapy is a treatment that targets the specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and development. Some targeted therapies can cause specific side effects to the skin, hair, and nails. These side effects are caused by the effect of medications on the healthy growth of these tissues.

Targeted therapies that may cause skin problems

The following are some of the types of targeted therapies that may affect the skin. If your doctor prescribes a targeted therapy, ask what side effects to expect and how they will be treated.

  • Drugs that target EGFR. This common type of targeted therapy focuses on a molecule known as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). EGFR fuels the growth of cancer cells. It also plays a role in the normal growth of the skin, hair, and nails. This means rashes and changes to the hair and nails may occur during treatment with these drugs.

    Most people taking drugs that target EGFR develop a rash on their face and upper body. It usually happens within the first few weeks of taking these medications. You may notice redness or a warm sensation like a sunburn before the rash begins. After several days, pimples and pus bumps appear, and the surrounding skin feels slightly tender. Rashes are usually mild to moderate. But some people have severe rashes that cause major physical and cosmetic discomfort.

    The skin can also become very dry and itchy, interfering with daily activities and sleep. Skin on the fingertips may crack. Skin may also become more sensitive to sunlight. A lot of scratching can result in breaks in the skin. These openings make the skin more prone to infections. Inflammation around the nails can make grooming, dressing, and other activities painful or difficult.

  • Drugs that target VEGF. Another type of targeted therapy that may cause skin problems includes drugs that block a protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This protein helps make new blood vessels. This group of drugs may also be called angiogenesis inhibitors because they block the formation of blood vessels. When these drugs affect the blood vessels in the hands and feet, they can cause skin problems.

Your health care team can help you manage these side effects so treatment can continue. Managing these side effects can also help avoid major changes to your skin, hair, and nails. It is important to note that the skin side effects linked with these drugs are not allergic reactions or infections.

Common skin-related side effects of specific targeted drugs

Below is a list of common targeted therapy drugs that can cause skin related problems.

  • Afatinib (Gilotrif), cetuximab (Erbitux), erlotinib (Tarceva), gefitinib (Iressa), osimertinib (Tagrisso), and panitumumab (Vectibix). These drugs may be prescribed for colorectal cancer, head and neck cancer, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Skin-related side effects include:

    • Acne-like rash on face and upper body

    • Inflammation around fingernails

    • Dry, itchy skin

    • Fingertip cracking

    • Hair loss on scalp

    • Increased, curly, or coarse hair on face and eyelashes

    • Increased sensitivity to sunlight

  • Lapatinib (Tykerb). This is used to treat breast cancer. Skin-related side effects include:

    • Sores on lips, mouth, or throat

    • Dry skin

    • Red, painful, numb, or tingling hands and feet

    • Rash

  • Sorafenib (Nexavar) and sunitinib (Sutent). This is used to treat renal cell cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and hepatocellular cancer. Side effects include:

    • Hand/foot skin reactions (tender, thickened areas sometimes with blisters on palms and soles)

    • Redness and flaking on scalp and eyebrows

    • Warm, burning sensation on the face along with redness

    • Dry, itchy skin

    • Hair loss

  • Vemurafenib (Zelboraf). This is used to treat melanoma. Skin-related side effects include:

    • Red rash on the face and upper body

    • Bumpy, rough rash on arms and thighs

    • Hand/foot skin reactions

    • Skin growths, including non-dangerous skin cancers

    • More sensitivity to sunlight

  • Everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress) and temsirolimus (Torisel). These targeted therapy drugs are used for renal cell cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (a type of pancreatic cancer), and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (a benign brain tumor associated with tuberous sclerosis). Side effects include:

  • Vandetanib (Caprelsa). This is used to treat medullary thyroid cancer. Side effects include:

What is immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy is also called biologic therapy. It is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body’s natural defenses to fight cancer. It uses materials made either by the body or in a laboratory to improve, target, or restore immune system function.

Many side effects are similar to those of an allergic reaction. They depend on the specific drug a person receives but may include skin, hair, nail, or eye problems.

Common skin-related side effects of immunotherapy

Below is a list of common immunotherapy drugs that can cause skin related problems.

  • Alemtuzumab (Campath). This medicine is used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Side effects include mouth sores.

  • Ipilimumab (Yervoy). This is used for melanoma. Skin related side effects include:

  • Nivolumab (Opdivo). This medicine may be prescribed for renal cell cancer, NSCLC, and melanoma. Possible skin reactions include:

  • Ofatumumab (Arzerra). This drug may be prescribed for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Skin-related side effects include:

    • Sudden reddening of the face, neck, or chest

    • Pale skin

    • Small, flat, round, red spots under the skin

    • Rash

    • Hives

  • Pembrolizumab (Keytruda). This drug may be used to treat NSCLC and melanoma. Skin-related side effects include:

    • Change in skin color

    • Yellowing of skin and/or eyes

    • Hair loss

    • Blistering skin

    • Itchy red rash

    • Flushing, or skin redness

  • Rituximab (Rituxan, Truxima). This drug is used for non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Skin-related side effects include redness, tenderness, swelling, or warmth of part of the skin.

Managing and relieving skin problems

Rashes, dry skin, and nail and hair reactions are rarely severe. But they can cause major discomfort. Patients may even want to stop cancer treatment because of these reactions. It is important to talk with your health care team about what to expect. Also tell your doctor as soon as you start feeling or seeing any side effects. There are early and effective treatments for these reactions.

The following suggestions may help avoid reactions and help relieve them if they do happen:

  • Before you begin treatment, talk with your health care team about the side effects. You may wish to talk with a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in skin conditions. Ask what to do if a rash or other problems appear. This may include how to get a prescription filled or the best way to see the doctor.

  • At the first sign of a reaction, tell your doctor or a dermatologist familiar with these reactions. Signs of a reaction include a warm or burning sensation, pimples, nail cracks, or dry skin.

  • Avoid the sun, and use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. If the sunscreen causes a burning sensation, you can try sunscreens that contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. Remember to use enough sunscreen. Apply more than half a teaspoon of sunscreen to each arm, your face, and your neck. Apply just over 1 teaspoon to your chest and abdomen, your back, and each leg. Re-apply sunscreen every 2 hours when outdoors, or more often if sweating or swimming.

  • Use a broad-brimmed hat if going outside. And avoid being in direct sunlight between 10 AM and 4 PM.

  • Use a mild soap in the shower. Avoid soaps with strong scents. Shower with lukewarm water and avoid long, hot showers. Also, avoid laundry detergent with strong perfumes.

  • Apply a cream-based moisturizer to all skin within 5 minutes of showering or bathing. Use hypoallergenic moisturizers that do not have perfumes or preservatives, such as Vanicream, Aveeno, CeraVe, Cetaphil, and Eucerin.

  • Avoid anti-acne skin products that have alcohol or retinoids. They can dry out your skin.

  • Your doctor may prescribe medicated skin creams for a rash. If the rash is severe or covers a large area of the body, you may need oral corticosteroids, such as prednisone (Rayos) or dexamethasone (available as a generic drug).

  • Antibiotics, usually taken for 2 to 4 weeks in pill form, are an effective therapy for rashes and nail tenderness.

  • Whenever there is discharge of pus, your doctor may take a sample of it to help choose the best antibiotic treatment.

  • For hand/foot skin reactions to sorafenib and sunitinib:

    • Use creams containing urea called carmol 20 or carmol 40, or salicylic acid (multiple brand names). Strong corticosteroids such as fluocinonide (multiple brand names) and clobetasol (multiple brand names) are also options.

    • Wear thick, comfortable socks and shoes, or try gel insoles. Also, do your best to protect against injury. Do not put too much weight on your hands and feet, especially during the first 2 months of treatment.

  • For itching in one specific area, called localized itching, apply a cream containing a corticosteroid or a numbing medicine, such as lidocaine 2% or cooling creams containing pramoxine, camphor, or menthol (multiple brand names for all drugs), several times a day.

    For more generalized itching or itching that affects sleep, talk with your doctor about taking an antihistamine pill, such as cetirizine (multiple brand names) or diphenhydramine (multiple brand names), as needed.

Related Resources

Skin Conditions

What You Need to Know About Immunotherapy Side Effects

What It’s Like Taking Immunotherapy to Treat Cancer

Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Coping

Hives are puffy raised welts that often appear on the skin as a result of an allergic reaction. There are actually a number of different things that can cause people to break out in hives, including anxiety. When this happens, people can develop an itchy rash on the skin known as anxiety hives, also sometimes known as a stress rash.

Most people experience anxiety and stress as a normal part of daily life to some degree. But when you are already feeling stressed out, suddenly developing itchy, irritating hives can make you feel even more anxious.

If you have hives and cannot pinpoint any other cause, anxiety could possibly be the culprit. It is important, however, to determine what might be causing your reaction.

If stress and anxiety are the cause, there are steps you can take to manage your stress response and reduce the likelihood of developing a stress rash.

Symptoms

Stress rashes often appear as hives, also known as welts or wheals, which tend to be:

  • Blotchy
  • Itchy
  • Puffy
  • Red
  • Swollen

They can appear anywhere on the body. While they may initially start as tiny red bumps like a typical rash, stress rashes often become larger welts or patches that become worse after scratching them.

Individual hives can be as large as dinner plates, but smaller hives can also merge together so that they appear to cover a large portion of the body.

Causes

Hives are often the result of an allergic reaction to something in your environment. Stress can trigger a response in the sympathetic nervous system, which leads to the release of histamine. 

Histamine is a compound that is normally produced by the body in response to injury, allergies, and inflammatory reactions, but it can also be triggered by stress.

Some other factors that can lead to hives include:

  • Chemicals
  • Exercise
  • Extreme weather
  • Fabrics
  • Foods
  • Infection
  • Medications
  • Pollen
  • Sunlight
  • Sweat

Common food allergens that might trigger hives include milk, nuts, soy, eggs, seafood, and wheat.

Is It Anxiety or Something Else?

If you are experiencing hives, you should start by assessing your activities over the last few days. Any unusual changes in your routine or exposure to new things might play a role in triggering hives.

Some questions you might ask yourself to help pinpoint the cause include:

  • When did the symptoms start?
  • Have you switched laundry detergents or soaps?
  • Have you eaten anything that you normally don’t eat?

If you cannot pinpoint another cause and you have been experiencing a great deal of stress, your symptoms might be a stress rash.

Stress rashes tend to appear most commonly in women during their 30s, 40s, and 50s. People who have had allergic hives in the past are also at a higher risk of experiencing anxiety hives.

Treatment

If you are experiencing a stress rash, it is important to find a way to relieve your immediate symptoms in the short term while also looking for ways to lower your stress over the long term.

Some things you can do that may help:

  • Care for your skin: You can ease some of the uncomfortable physical symptoms of hives by wearing loose-fitting clothing and avoiding hot water. Topical steroids such as hydrocortisone cream and applying cold compresses can also help relieve the itching and irritation caused by the hives.
  • Take an antihistamine: Over-the-counter products such as Benadryl (diphenhydramine), Claritin (loratadine), and Allegra (fexofenadine) can help relieve hives.
  • Use stress management techniques: If you are feeling acute stress, try some fast-acting stress relievers that may help provide some more immediate relief. Deep breathing can be an effective way to calm your body and mind, but other strategies like taking a walk around the block or doing a few minutes of quiet meditation can also help.

If your hives are accompanied by other symptoms of an allergic reaction such as swelling of the face or lips, wheezing, or difficulty breathing, you should seek immediate medical attention. It may be a sign of a serious, possibly life-threatening allergic reaction.

You should also talk to your doctor if your hives worsen or last longer than six weeks. Hives that persist longer than six weeks are considered chronic and may not go away on their own without medical attention.

Prevention

If you are prone to stress rashes, it is important to learn how to identify your triggers and be proactive about preventing hives from happening in the first place. 

If you are experiencing a stress rash, it may be a sign that you need to find a way to better manage the stress and anxiety in your life. It is important to build good stress coping techniques. Some effective tools can include:

Challenge Negative Thoughts

Negative thoughts can cause feelings of anxiety. Learning how to identify and then challenge these negative thoughts can help you replace them with more realistic, positive ones.

Change Your Situation

If there is something in your life that is causing a great deal of anxiety, think about what you can do to change the situation. This might involve delegating some tasks to others, cutting back on your commitments, or setting boundaries with others. 

Try Journaling

Research suggests that expressive writing may be helpful for reducing feelings of anxiety. Consider keeping a journal where you write about things that you are experiencing or some of the things for which you are grateful. 

Consider Professional Treatment

Anxiety can have a serious effect on your life and can become worse over time if left untreated. If you feel like your anxiety is creating significant distress or making it difficult to function normally in your daily life, talk to a mental health professional. Effective treatments are available that can help you get your anxiety under control.

A Word From Verywell

Anxiety can be difficult to deal with, but experiencing itchy, uncomfortable hives can often make what you are feeling seem even worse. Fortunately, anxiety hives are usually manageable with some self-treatment.

If you are prone to stress rashes, the best way to manage them is to get your anxiety under control. Talk to your doctor about some of the ways you can cope, which may include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two. 

Rash – HSE.ie

Symptoms of rash

Many things can cause a rash.

If the rash has appeared quickly and you feel unwell, it could mean you have an infection. Or it could mean your skin has come into contact with something which has caused a reaction.

If you have a rash but feel well, it is probably an allergic reaction to something. The most common type of allergic reaction is urticaria (hives).

Rashes which last for more than 2 weeks include eczema, psoriasis, discoid eczema, contact dermatitis, phytophoto dermatitis, acne and rosascea.

You will need to see your GP to get your rash looked at properly.

Causes of rashes

Hives

Many things can trigger hives. These can include certain foods, latex, nettles, medicines, insect bites and stings. Exercise or heat can also cause hives. But, in around half of all cases, no cause can be found.

Infections

If you feel ill along with the rash, it is more likely that you have an infection.

Common infections with a rash include:

  • chicken pox
  • shingles
  • measles
  • rubella
  • hand, foot and mouth disease
  • glandular fever
  • scarlet fever

Bacteria

Bacteria can also cause rashes such as impetigo and cellulitis.

Causes of rashes in children

A rash on your child’s skin can be caused by a number of things. These include eczema, psoriasis and nappy rash.

Treatment for rashes

Antibiotics do not help most rashes. In fact, antibiotics often cause allergic reactions.

Hives are generally treated with antihistamine tablets. Ask your pharmacist for advice. You can also take paracetamol or ibuprofen if you have any pain.

If your rash is caused by an allergy, you should avoid whatever is causing the problem. For example, stop eating strawberries if strawberries are causing the rash.

See your GP

If you are feeling unwell with the rash, see your GP to check if an infection may be causing the problem. Some infections caused by viruses may need treatment.

Do not use creams, especially steroid creams, on a rash unless your GP tells you to. Steroids can often make rashes worse.

Hand Rashes

Hand rashes are common. Our hands touch so many things that can cause a rash.

WHY DO HAND RASHES DEVELOP?

A hand rash can occur because of something you touched or something going on inside your body. Some rashes appear almost immediately. Others develop over time.

Many people get a hand rash from substances they come into contact with at work. Dyes, detergents, and even water can irritate the skin. Repeatedly wetting and drying your hands throughout the day can dry the skin. The skin can become so dry that it cracks and bleeds.

Some hand rashes are actually an allergic reaction. These skin reactions usually develop after years of touching the same things day in and day out. They also can develop if you are using new products on or near your hands. Cooks can develop an allergy to foods such as fish, garlic, or citrus fruits. People who frequently wear gloves can develop an allergy to latex gloves.

Even jewelry can cause an allergic reaction. This allergic reaction often takes years to develop. A person who frequently wears a piece of jewelry can become allergic to a metal in that jewelry. Some people develop “wedding ring dermatitis.” This causes a rash under and around a person’s wedding ring. Any ring, not just wedding bands, can cause this rash.

Latex glove reaction

WHAT DOES A HAND RASH LOOK LIKE?

Thousands of things can cause a hand rash; yet, most hand rashes look a lot alike. The skin on the hands tends to be:

  • Dry, scaly, and chapped
  • Rough, red, and raw
  • Itchy
  • Sometimes filled with bumps or blisters

These signs and symptoms can appear on any part of your hands.

HOW DOES A DERMATOLOGIST TREAT A HAND RASH?

Because so many things can cause a hand rash, you should see a board-certified dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment. Dermatologists are the doctors who are the experts in treating skin disease and have the most experience diagnosing and treating the skin. Effective treatment for a hand rash begins with accurately identifying the cause.

Your dermatologist will create a treatment plan to help your skin heal. Many plans include medicine and tips to help you avoid what is causing the rash.

It is important to know that during treatment your hands can look worse while they heal. It can take months for your hands to regain their normal appearance. This should not discourage you from continuing with your treatment plan.

A treatment plan for a hand rash may include:

Non-prescription creams and lotions: Your dermatologist may recommend:

  • Petroleum jelly or water-based or oil-based hand cream

Prescription medicine: Most of these treatments you will apply to the skin. Your dermatologist may prescribe a prescription-strength cortisone-containing medicine that you can apply to your skin to treat it.

A severe reaction to epoxy

Some patients receive a prescription for an immunomodulator, which is a medicine that works with the immune system. This may be a cream or an ointment. Your dermatologist will provide you with instructions on the proper use of this type of medication.

Other prescription medicines come in pill form and include:

  • Antihistamine: To treat severe
  • Corticosteroid: To treat intense redness and
  • Antibiotic: To treat sore, cracked skin and prevent (or treat) a skin

As the skin heals, it often itches. Try not to scratch your hands. Scratching can worsen the rash and cause an infection.

HOW DO I PREVENT ANOTHER HAND RASH?

A hand rash can return. Taking some precautions can help prevent another rash. Board-certified dermatologists

recommend the following to their patients who get hand rashes:

  • Wear gloves to protect your hands. Harsh chemicals and other substances that tend to irritate your skin can cause a new rash. Your dermatologist can recommend the right gloves for you to wear at work and while doing housework and gardening. Your dermatologist also may give you tips to help you get the best protection from your gloves.

Wear warm gloves outdoors in cold weather. Cold temperatures can dry the skin on the hands. When wearing gloves, be sure to:

  • Replace gloves that develop a
  • If gloves get wet inside, dry them between
  • Never put wet gloves on your
  • Wash your hands without irritating them: Before washing your hands, be sure to remove your rings. These can trap soap and moisture next to your skin, causing irritation. In addition, soap and water can remove oils from your skin. To reduce this loss, use:
    • Lukewarm
    • A beauty bar or moisturizing
    • Antibacterial soap when necessary

Allergic reaction to fish

• Follow these skin care tips:

  • Apply a hand cream or ointment after each hand
  • Every day, generously apply a cream or ointment to your hands right before getting into bed. Use a product that contains glycerin and/or

Treating a hand rash can be time-consuming. It can seem frustrating if the rash returns. However, treatment is important to prevent a hand rash from becoming painful or even disabling. A board-certified dermatologist can find out what is causing your hand rash and provide you with effective treatment.

A board-certified dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating the medical, surgical and cosmetic conditions of the skin, hair and nails. To learn more or to find a board-certified dermatologist in your area, visit aad.org or call toll free (888) 462-DERM (3376).

All content solely developed by the American Academy of Dermatology.
Copyright © by the American Academy of Dermatology and the American Academy of Dermatology Association.

Images used with permission of the American Academy of Dermatology National Library of Dermatologic Teaching Slides

American Academy of Dermatology

P. O. Box 1968, Des Plaines, Illinois 60017
AAD Public Information Center: 888.462.DERM (3376) AAD Member Resource Center: 866.503.SKIN (7546) Outside the United States: 847.240.1280

Web: aad.org

Email: [email protected]

Hand Rashes – Dermatologist in Woodstock, Canton and Acworth

Hand rashes are common. Our hands touch so many things that can cause a rash.

WHY DO HAND RASHES DEVELOP?

A hand rash can occur because of something you touched or something going on inside your body. Some rashes appear almost immediately. Others develop over time.

Many people get a hand rash from substances they come into contact with at work. Dyes, detergents, and even water can irritate the skin. Repeatedly wetting and drying your hands throughout the day can dry the skin. The skin can become so dry that it cracks and bleeds.

Some hand rashes are actually an allergic reaction. These skin reactions usually develop after years of touching the same things day in and day out. They also can develop if you are using new products on or near your hands. Cooks can develop an allergy to foods such as fish, garlic, or citrus fruits. People who frequently wear gloves can develop an allergy to latex gloves.

Even jewelry can cause an allergic reaction. This allergic reaction often takes years to develop. A person who frequently wears a piece of jewelry can become allergic to a metal in that jewelry. Some people develop “wedding ring dermatitis.” This causes a rash under and around a person’s wedding ring. Any ring, not just wedding bands, can cause this rash.

Latex glove reaction

WHAT DOES A HAND RASH LOOK LIKE?

Thousands of things can cause a hand rash; yet, most hand rashes look a lot alike. The skin on the hands tends to be:

  • Dry, scaly, and chapped
  • Rough, red, and raw
  • Itchy
  • Sometimes filled with bumps or blisters

These signs and symptoms can appear on any part of your hands.

HOW DOES A DERMATOLOGIST TREAT A HAND RASH?

Because so many things can cause a hand rash, you should see a board-certified dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment. Dermatologists are the doctors who are the experts in treating skin disease and have the most experience diagnosing and treating the skin. Effective treatment for a hand rash begins with accurately identifying the cause.

Your dermatologist will create a treatment plan to help your skin heal. Many plans include medicine and tips to help you avoid what is causing the rash.

It is important to know that during treatment your hands can look worse while they heal. It can take months for your hands to regain their normal appearance. This should not discourage you from continuing with your treatment plan.

A treatment plan for a hand rash may include:

Non-prescription creams and lotions: Your dermatologist may recommend:

  • Petroleum jelly or water-based or oil-based hand cream

Prescription medicine: Most of these treatments you will apply to the skin. Your dermatologist may prescribe a prescription-strength cortisone-containing medicine that you can apply to your skin to treat it.

A severe reaction to epoxy

Some patients receive a prescription for an immunomodulator, which is a medicine that works with the immune system. This may be a cream or an ointment. Your dermatologist will provide you with instructions on the proper use of this type of medication.

Other prescription medicines come in pill form and include:

  • Antihistamine: To treat severe
  • Corticosteroid: To treat intense redness and
  • Antibiotic: To treat sore, cracked skin and prevent (or treat) a skin

As the skin heals, it often itches. Try not to scratch your hands. Scratching can worsen the rash and cause an infection.

HOW DO I PREVENT ANOTHER HAND RASH?

A hand rash can return. Taking some precautions can help prevent another rash. Board-certified dermatologists

recommend the following to their patients who get hand rashes:

  • Wear gloves to protect your hands. Harsh chemicals and other substances that tend to irritate your skin can cause a new rash. Your dermatologist can recommend the right gloves for you to wear at work and while doing housework and gardening. Your dermatologist also may give you tips to help you get the best protection from your gloves.

Wear warm gloves outdoors in cold weather. Cold temperatures can dry the skin on the hands. When wearing gloves, be sure to:

  • Replace gloves that develop a
  • If gloves get wet inside, dry them between
  • Never put wet gloves on your
  • Wash your hands without irritating them: Before washing your hands, be sure to remove your rings. These can trap soap and moisture next to your skin, causing irritation. In addition, soap and water can remove oils from your skin. To reduce this loss, use:
    • Lukewarm
    • A beauty bar or moisturizing
    • Antibacterial soap when necessary

Allergic reaction to fish

• Follow these skin care tips:

  • Apply a hand cream or ointment after each hand
  • Every day, generously apply a cream or ointment to your hands right before getting into bed. Use a product that contains glycerin and/or

Treating a hand rash can be time-consuming. It can seem frustrating if the rash returns. However, treatment is important to prevent a hand rash from becoming painful or even disabling. A board-certified dermatologist can find out what is causing your hand rash and provide you with effective treatment.

A board-certified dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating the medical, surgical and cosmetic conditions of the skin, hair and nails. To learn more or to find a board-certified dermatologist in your area, visit aad.org or call toll free (888) 462-DERM (3376).

All content solely developed by the American Academy of Dermatology.
Copyright © by the American Academy of Dermatology and the American Academy of Dermatology Association.

Images used with permission of the American Academy of Dermatology National Library of Dermatologic Teaching Slides

American Academy of Dermatology

P. O. Box 1968, Des Plaines, Illinois 60017
AAD Public Information Center: 888.462.DERM (3376) AAD Member Resource Center: 866.503.SKIN (7546) Outside the United States: 847.240.1280

Web: aad.org

Email: [email protected]

90,000 photos with description “- Yandex.Cu

Most people experience a rash on their hands for the first time in early childhood. Perhaps many remember how, without listening to their mother, they did not wear gloves or mittens in cold weather.

As a result, they developed a small red rash on their hands in the form of red dots, which itched and ached. People called this rash “chicks”, the medical name is simple dermatitis. And everyone knows that if you hold your hands warm, dry for a few minutes, lubricate them with baby cream, then the symptoms of this ailment passed quickly enough.

Adults can also experience skin rashes caused by dermatitis. The two most common are atopic and contact. Both of these dermatitis can cause an itchy rash on the hands (see photo).

Causes of a rash on the hands

Hand rashes can be caused by many reasons. The most common ones are as follows:

  • hormonal imbalance;
  • 90,013 bacterial infections;

  • allergic diseases;
  • vitamin deficiency;
  • dermatitis;
  • scabies

    ;

  • consequences after insect bites;
  • chronic depression and stress;
  • hepatitis;
  • diabetes

    ;

  • diseases of the digestive system;
  • fungal infection, in this case additional signs may indicate a problem: cracks and blisters between the fingers, severe itching.

The most common skin diseases are atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis, a description of which can be found below. Both of these conditions are characterized by the appearance of a rash on the hands.

Avitaminosis

A rash in the form of red dots on the fingers and hands may indicate a lack of vitamins and, above all, ascorbic acid, the lack of which leads to increased fragility of the capillaries.

The problem is easily solved – add to the daily diet: fresh herbs, flaxseed oil, fish and drink a vitamin-mineral complex to completely eliminate vitamin deficiency.

Insect bites

Bites from ticks, fleas, mosquitoes, ants, bed bugs and some other insects leave behind a rash in the form of red dots that itches and can be painful.

In people prone to allergies, such rashes can persist for a long time, causing discomfort, and when combing these elements, there is a risk of infection.

Infectious diseases

Red dots on the hands that itch can be the cause of any infectious disease.Typical pathologies leading to the appearance of a rash include:

  • typhus;
  • measles;
  • scarlet fever;
  • rubella

    ;

  • chickenpox.

Therefore, if your hands are covered with red dots and other symptoms of the disease are present, you should immediately consult an infectious disease doctor.

Contact dermatitis

The occurrence of contact dermatitis is associated with skin contact with an irritant (allergen).One of its varieties is contact with aggressive household chemicals, which are used without the use of gloves.

The main symptom of contact dermatitis is the appearance of a rash on the hands. To avoid irritation from rubber, it is recommended to wear light cotton gloves under rubber gloves. Local antiallergic drugs (for example, fenistil-gel), hormonal ointments (loratadine) help to get rid of the rash.

Atopic dermatitis

If you are allergic to certain foods or medicines, skin manifestations may appear on the hands (more often at the bend of the elbows) and present as a small rash in the form of red dots.Most often, this reaction is observed when used:

  • honey;
  • chocolate;
  • 90,013 milk;

    90,013 citrus fruits;

    90,013 seafood;

  • strawberries.

The most allergenic medicines are:

  • antibiotics;
  • novocaine;
  • sulfonamides;
  • 90,013 barbiturates;

  • arsenic preparations, etc.

Atopic dermatitis is treated by dermatologists and allergists.The disease, a small and unpleasant rash on the hands, requires systemic intake of antihistamines:

  • tavegila,
  • suprastin,
  • zirteka,
  • zodak),

Application of antiallergic ointments and creams. In more severe cases, injection of drugs, hormone therapy may be required.

Vascular and blood pathologies

The cause of a rash of this nature is most often a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood or a change in vascular permeability.Rashes are manifested by small subcutaneous hemorrhages in the wrist area. Also, bruises of different sizes may appear on the body. The general condition and well-being of a person, as a rule, is not disturbed.

Secondary syphilis

It can also signal itself with a red rash on the hands. Rashes usually do not bother the patient: with

secondary syphilis

they do not itch, do not cause pain. The rash appears suddenly, then also suddenly disappears, then comes back again.

This “behavior” of the rash is associated with the multiplication of the pathogen (pale spirochete) in the patient’s blood. This rash must be dealt with by a specialist. The patient needs treatment with specific drugs under the supervision of a venereologist.

Red dots on the fingers that itch

Among all diseases in which red dots appear on the fingers under the skin, scabies deserves special attention. With it, if you look closely, in addition to the fact that there are red dots under the skin on the hands, moves can be noticeable.It is in them that the female lays eggs.

Scabies can be contracted anywhere, especially in public transport and when shaking hands. Increased skin moisture, which is observed in the hot season, contributes to infection.

How to treat a red dot rash on your hands

By themselves, red dots are not a disease, most often it is one of the symptoms. The reasons for their appearance in adults can be very different, both in the nature of origin and in the severity of the disease.Treatment can be carried out only after determining the nature of the appearance of the rash. Each type of disease requires an individual approach.

After the diagnosis has been established and the course of therapy has been carried out, in order to avoid the occurrence of relapses, it is advisable to observe the following rules:

  • avoidance of contact with plants, objects that may cause allergies;
  • Refuse to eat foods that are not suitable for you;
  • Regularly conduct personal hygiene using soaps and shower gels that contain a minimum amount of fragrances and artificial colors;
  • Wiping hands with wet sanitary napkins after contact with money, using public transport.

Material provided

simptomy-lechenie.net

Allergies: types and causes | Medical center “Serdolik”

Skin rashes, complaints of a persistent runny nose, dry cough – all these can be signs of an allergy. We figure out what and how our body can react.

Allergy is an increased sensitivity of the body to any allergen, leading to a violation of the usual state.

A similar reaction to some substances is caused by disorders of the immune system. She perceives them as dangerous for the body and begins to produce antibodies, which leads to allergies. For one person, certain substances can be dangerous, while for another they are completely harmless. Allergens are drugs and their components, food, particles from the environment (pollen, animal hair).

Allergic reactions can also manifest themselves in different ways and affect any organs and systems of a person. There is no specific set of traits that is common to all people.

Let’s consider the main types of allergies.

Respiratory allergy

Such an allergic reaction is manifested by damage to the respiratory system. Very often rhinitis falls into this category.

Frequent allergens in this case are pollen of trees, cereals, flowers, molds. The disease is called hay fever. Its typical symptoms are discomfort and itching of the nasal mucosa, sneezing, runny nose and shortness of breath.These manifestations can be joined by general malaise, drowsiness, fever, lacrimation, migraine.

If the signs are observed all year round, and not only in spring or autumn, then the reason for this condition may be a reaction to house dust, dandruff and animal hair, medicines, sharp odors of household chemicals and cosmetics.

In allergic tracheobronchitis, the patient has a dry cough, usually at night. A more severe condition is bronchial asthma. A person cannot breathe out, suffocates. In this case, a mandatory consultation with an allergist is required.

Food allergy

The body’s response to food eaten. It manifests itself in different ways: skin rashes, damage to the respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract. In some cases, eczema occurs, which can be observed on the elbows, under the knees, on the neck and wrists.

One of the particular manifestations of food allergy is urticaria – itching and rash on the surface of the skin. Symptoms become noticeable after eating berries, seafood, penicillin, insect bites, contact with wool, after cooling.In addition to rashes, edema occurs. It can be placed on any part of the body.

Quincke’s edema is a type of allergic reaction when swelling of the skin, subcutaneous tissue or mucous membranes develops in a short period of time. Its appearance is often accompanied by pain, burning and sometimes itching. It occurs on the lips, cheeks, genitals, larynx, and can lead to suffocation.

Another type – atopic dermatitis – an inflammatory process of the skin, which is characterized by itching, rhinitis, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and bronchial asthma.

Treatment and diet

The doctor will select the treatment regimen for you, since allergy is an individual reaction of the body and there is no general treatment regimen here. In addition, allergy sufferers are not recommended to consume a number of products:

  • flakes and cereals;
  • pasta and ready-to-use dough mixes;
  • confectionery: pies, gingerbread, puddings, glazed pastries;
  • chocolate;
  • caramel, dragee;
  • fruit and carbonated drinks;
  • citrus fruits;
  • marshmallows with dyes;
  • marinades, preservatives, vinegar;
  • potato chips;
  • wine, beer, liqueurs and liqueurs;
  • seafood;
  • strawberries and strawberries.

The combination of pharmacotherapy and the elimination of incoming allergens allows remission to be achieved. You can learn more about the treatment of allergies from the specialists of the Serdolik clinic in Novosibirsk.

90,000 Child’s rash on legs and arms

RASH ON A CHILD’S LEGS AND HANDS WITHOUT TEMPERATURE, WITH TEMPERATURE, SCRAPING, NOT SCRAPING

Children are the most beloved, defenseless little people. It is on adults that sometimes the health of the baby depends. They need our attention first of all.Children’s skin is still imperfect and very susceptible to various infections. So, the appearance of a rash on the hands and feet can be an innocent manifestation, or it can be a signal of a dangerous disease. Below we will consider for what reason a rash may appear in a child and how to act in this situation.

Rash – what is it?

What is such a phenomenon? A rash is pathological changes in the skin, mucous membranes, which differ from normal skin in appearance, structure, and color.It can be primary and secondary, that is, appear on the site of previous rashes. The combination of primary and secondary elements determine the picture of the rash in the disease. It may be a reaction to some allergen, or it may turn out that the rash is a sign of a disease.

Views

It turns out that rashes are of a different nature and type. Allocate primary and secondary eruptions. This is a rash on a child’s legs and arms:

  • Hillocks – no cavity, located deep in the dermis, up to 1 cm in diameter.At the same time, the color and relief of the skin is excellent. They can leave behind scars, develop into ulcers.
  • Blisters – no cavity, blurred outlines and pink in color. They appear due to edema of the papillary layer of the dermis. They pass without a trace, itch.
  • Papules or nodules – no cavity. It can be inflamed or not, the color is changed. Pass without leaving a trace

  • Bubbles – have a bottom, a tire, a cavity. After they are opened, erosion can form.
  • Pustules or abscesses – have pus inside. They can be superficial or deep.
  • Roseola has irregular pink spots. When the skin is stretched, the stain disappears.

If the rash appears a second time, it can form:

  1. Scars.
  2. Abrasions.
  3. Cracks.
  4. Scales.
  5. Erosion.
  6. Ulcers.

Diagnostics

If a child has a rash on the legs and arms, an urgent need to seek help from a pediatrician and a dermatologist.The doctor must first examine carefully:

  1. View.
  2. Form.
  3. color.
  4. Quantity.
  5. The nature of the rash.
  6. Localization of the rash is also important.

Further it turns out:

  1. The presence or absence of a febrile state.
  2. What infectious diseases have been transferred.
  3. What are the hereditary ailments.
  4. Allergy tendency.
  5. Light sensitivity.

As a rule, the rash is not an underlying disease, but is a symptom of a disease. She acts as a sign that a malfunction has occurred in the body. To establish the cause of this manifestation, the doctor prescribes tests. First of all, a blood and urine test. It is also possible to analyze the secretion of abscesses. After examination and analysis, the doctor prescribes treatment. What could be the reasons that the child has a rash on the legs and arms?

Sources of the problem

For a child’s body, a rash is a very important symptom of the manifestation of certain diseases, therefore, it is important to consult a doctor.The reasons may be as follows:

  1. Allergic diseases.
  2. Infectious.
  3. Parasitic infections.
  4. Vascular and blood diseases.
  5. Hygiene violations.

If the rash accompanies an infectious disease, the body temperature will certainly rise. There are other signs, it can be:

  1. Cough.
  2. Rhinitis.
  3. Sore throat.

Let’s look at some diseases that are accompanied, in addition to the rash, also with fever.

Fever rash

When an infection enters the body, its first reaction is temperature. Skin rashes can appear with or without fever. There are several infectious diseases that are associated with a rash.

This group includes:

  1. Chickenpox.
  2. Rubella.
  3. Scarlet fever.
  4. Measles.
  5. Enterovirus infection.
  6. Meningococcemia.

Each disease has its own characteristics of the spread of rashes. This is especially true of childhood diseases. Consider which of them the child’s rash appears on the legs and arms, as well as on the body and face.

Chickenpox

This disease occurs most often in children. They don’t get vaccinated against her. The first sign of this disease is the appearance of red spots, which very quickly turn into the stage of blisters.In addition to blisters on the face, head, body, there is also a rash on the child’s legs and arms. The temperature is elevated, for some time the baby may experience weakness, headache.

If the blister is ripped off, scars remain. The main problem of this disease is that the child’s rash on the arms and legs itches, there is a risk of infection. The doctor may prescribe medications to relieve itching.

Rubella

This disease proceeds with fever.In older children, joint pain and general intoxication are possible. Rashes are shown on the 1st day or on the second day. First – on the face, neck, trunk, then a small rash spreads in the child on the arms and legs, mainly on the folds. The younger the child, the easier this disease progresses. However, adolescents may have complications such as encephalitis, meningoencephalitis. This disease is especially dangerous for pregnant women, fetal malformations are possible. Vaccination is also prohibited in immunocompromised patients.However, rubella is easier than scarlet fever.

Measles

Dangerous infectious disease, easily transmitted by air with minor contact with the carrier of the infection

There is a vaccination against measles. This disease is accompanied by intoxication of the body. There are symptoms characteristic of a cold – cough, watery eyes, sneezing. The temperature rises to high values. The rash begins with the mucous membrane of the cheeks, then spreads to the face, the entire trunk, to the limbs (in the form of papules that rise above the skin).Dangerous complications in the bronchi, can cause pneumonia.

Scarlet fever

This is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets, through dirty hands and objects. It begins with a sore throat, chills. Then a small rash appears on the child’s arms and legs with fever. Most often in the places where the arms and legs bend. Then the rash spreads to the face, neck, trunk. The source of the rash is streptococcus. The throat begins to ache, which is very similar to a viral infection. The main thing for the definition is the language.It will be crimson. As soon as the temperature begins to decrease, lamellar peeling of the skin of the hands and feet begins. With this disease, it is very important to observe bed rest and drinking. Antibiotics are required for treatment. Complications in the heart and kidneys are possible.

Enterovirus infection

Preschool children are susceptible to these diseases. A rash appears on the child’s legs and arms without fever. She usually does not itch

The child may be healthy or there is an increase in temperature to insignificant values ​​within one or two days.This is due to imperfection, the susceptibility of baby skin.

Meningococcemia

This is a very dangerous disease. The temperature rises to high values ​​in a short period of time. A rash appears on the child’s legs and arms (does not itch) in the form of irregular hemorrhages, and there is also on the buttocks. If such rashes are found, you need to urgently call a doctor and assign the child to intensive care.

Hemorrhagic vasculitis

This disease is characterized by a rash on the hands and feet of the child with fever, mainly in the area of ​​the folds.Initially, small bubbles or lumps appear, then the rash turns red, becomes rusty and completely disappears. It is believed that the disease can be caused by allergies, trauma, and be the result of acute infectious diseases such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis. It is accompanied by an increase in temperature, joint pain. With a lightning-fast course of this disease, a lethal outcome is possible. It is necessary to carefully consider the treatment.

Rash of non-infectious origin with itching

There are a number of diseases in which the rash itches a lot.For example, with scabies, a child’s rash appears on the legs and arms without fever, most often on the folds between the fingers. She usually itches a lot, especially at night. Also, with helminthiasis, the rash itches

The presence of fungus on the skin in children is one of the causes of rashes in the form of blisters, erosions, and red spots. The places of localization of the fungus, as a rule, are on the legs, palms, feet, wrists. The rash spreads especially quickly on moist areas of the skin. It can be easily transmitted through contact with an infected object.Especially often, infections occur in places where the environment is humid (shower, bathroom). The disease is accompanied by severe itching without fever.

Small rash without itching

If a small rash appears on the child’s arms and legs, it does not itch, it is possible that pseudotuberculosis is at the initial stage of development. This disease is transmitted by rodents – after contact with things to which they had access. This disease appears in children very rarely, but still it exists.

If a child was born with congenital syphilis, was infected in utero, the rash may appear from time to time without disturbing him.These are papules with a pustular core. Such rashes are not accompanied by itching and fever. Also, a small rash can be the result of an inherited infectious disease such as psoriasis. In children under 2 years of age, it is rare, however, at an older age, the risk of development, having heredity, is quite possible. It begins with a small rash in the form of dry round and oval plaques of a red-pink color, peeling is noticeable on top. It spreads over large areas of the skin, in the area of ​​the knees, elbows, head – this is a characteristic sign of psoriasis.This type of rash does not itch. In infants, it can appear and pass, and at an older age, it can return again.

Allergic reaction

In case of allergic dermatitis, in addition to rashes on the face and trunk, there may be a rash on the child’s legs and arms. The photos clearly demonstrate the manifestation of an allergic reaction. Rashes can be present both on a small area of ​​the skin and on an extensive one. As a rule, accompanying signs are peeling and severe itching. At the same time, the body temperature remains within the normal range, the intoxication of the body does not occur.Such a reaction is possible to food, household chemicals, medications. If a child has allergies, you need to be extremely careful with allergens, exclude them, if possible, from the diet, as there is a risk of Quincke’s edema. Respiratory arrest, laryngeal edema are possible.

Urticaria – a small rash – can be a reaction to temperature factors, cold, sun.

What not to do if a child has a rash

First of all, it is strictly forbidden in situations where you see rashes on your baby’s body:

  1. Squeeze out pustules.
  2. Burst bubbles.
  3. Treat with brilliant green or other means until a doctor’s examination.
  4. Self-medicate.

If the child’s rash on the arms and legs itches, do not let the child scratch it. If a rash is detected, it is necessary to limit contact with others, as the disease can be contagious. As we saw earlier, a rash can be an important symptom or result of a disease. A doctor’s examination is required to establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment in order to exclude possible complications.

Therapy

Treatment of rashes is, first of all, elimination of the disease that caused them. In case of infectious ailments, it is recommended to adhere to bed rest, take antipyretics, antihistamines, and treat rashes. If necessary, antibiotics are prescribed (to exclude the development of side effects). Allergy sufferers must be monitored by an allergist. You need to eliminate allergens from your diet. And you should also follow the doctor’s prescriptions, take antihistamines or glucocorticosteroids.In case of fungal diseases or scabies, supervision by a dermatologist is necessary.

Prevention of rash

The skin in childhood is not yet adapted to the manifestations of the external environment, therefore it requires special attention and care. First of all, you must follow the rules of hygiene. Parents should make sure that all necessary vaccinations against dangerous diseases are received. If your baby suffers from allergies, be sure to see an allergist.Proper treatment, observation will help the child outgrow this difficult period. Eliminate allergens from your baby’s diet. Strengthen the child’s immunity so that he can easily and without consequences fight diseases.

Do not ignore any rash that appears, even a minor one!

Allergic urticaria – (Clinic Di Center)


Hives – allergic skin reaction

Urticaria is a condition that causes bumpy, itchy, red blisters on the surface of the skin.This is usually due to an allergic reaction to food or drugs.


Reasons

In the presence of an allergic reaction to any substance, the body begins to produce histamine and other substances that enter the bloodstream. This causes itching, tissue swelling, and other symptoms. Hives are a common reaction. People with other types of allergies, such as hay fever, may also develop hives.

When tissue edema and inflammatory streaks occur on the face, especially around the eyes and lips, it is called angioedema. Tissue swelling can also spread to the hands, feet, and throat.


Many substances can cause hives, for example:

  • Animal hair (especially cats)

  • Insect bites

  • Medications

  • Pollen

  • Shellfish, fish, nuts, eggs, milk and other foods


Hives can also result from:

  • Emotional stress

  • Excessive cold or sun exposure

  • Increased sweating

  • Any medical condition, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, other autoimmune diseases, and leukemia

  • Infectious diseases such as mononucleosis

  • Physical activity


Symptoms

  • Itching

  • The appearance on the skin of edematous red or colorless streaks with clear edges.

  • The stripes can increase in size, spread to other parts of the body, merge with each other to form large areas of inflamed skin.

  • The streaks can also change shape, disappear or reappear within minutes or hours. When you press on the reddened area of ​​the skin, it turns white, so you can tell that you have hives. This is called blanching.


Diagnostics

A doctor can diagnose hives in you simply by looking at your skin.

If you have allergies, the diagnosis becomes more obvious.

Sometimes skin biopsies or blood tests may be done to diagnose the presence of an allergic reaction and to identify the substance to which the allergy is developing.


Treatment

Mild urticaria does not require treatment.She can walk on her own. To relieve itching and reduce swelling, follow these tips:

  • Do not take a hot bath or shower

  • Do not wear tight clothing, contact with which may irritate the skin

  • Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl). Strictly follow your doctor’s instructions when taking these drugs.

For a severe allergic reaction, such as when swelling spreads to the throat, you may need an emergency injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) or steroids. Hives around the throat can block the airway and make breathing difficult.


Forecast

Hives, as a rule, cause only discomfort, they are usually harmless and go away on their own.In most cases, it is not possible to accurately determine the cause of the development of urticaria.


Possible complications

  • Anaphylaxis (a life-threatening allergic reaction that makes breathing difficult)

  • Swelling in the larynx can lead to life-threatening blockage of the airways.


When to see a doctor

Call 103 for immediate medical attention if you have:

See your doctor if the hives are massive, uncomfortable, and persistent with home treatment.


Prevention

  • Avoid contact with substances that provoke the development of an allergic reaction.

  • Avoid wearing tight clothing or taking a hot bath or shower immediately after having hives. This can provoke her reappearance.

  • 90,037 90,000 causes and possible explanations for rash and itching

    How can palms allergies manifest?

    Allergy is a general concept that characterizes the body’s too strong response to certain, often harmless, substances.Quite often, an allergic reaction can manifest itself on the hands, including the palms. In some cases, it can be the result of the consumption of allergenic foods, in others, the response occurs after contact with certain chemical irritants.

    In the first case, as a rule, there are food allergies or reactions to drugs. In the second – allergic or contact dermatitis , or eczema . This chronic illness is most likely indicative of certain internal problems in the body and is often hereditary.Contact dermatitis, a type of eczema, is thought to be much more common than allergic contact dermatitis. The latter is an allergy to an ingredient in hand hygiene products.

    The third most common dermatitis or hand inflammation is dyshidrotic eczema. It is also called dyshidrosis or pompholyx. And as the name suggests, it is another type of eczema. This condition is characterized by a small but severely itchy blistering rash on the hands or feet, especially on the fingers, palms, and soles.

    This condition affects women twice as often as men. In addition, about half of those with dyshidrotic eczema also have atopic dermatitis, another common form of eczema.

    Causes of an allergic reaction on the palms

    The cause of dyshidrotic eczema is unknown. But, probably, several factors lead to its development. It can occur along with atopic dermatitis or seasonal allergies, manifesting in sync with them.

    About 40% of people with this skin condition also complain of excessive sweating of their hands or feet.

    In addition, dyshidrotic eczema can be a side effect of intravenous immunoglobulin infusions, which are used to treat certain diseases of the immune system.

    Other common causes of dyshidrotic eczema are:

    • stress
    • sensitive skin
    • Frequent handwashing
    • cement handling
    • Hand contact with metals such as chromium, cobalt or nickel.

    Dermatitis is usually caused by repeated exposure to an irritant, which eventually turns into an allergic reaction. It can appear even 48 – 96 hours after contact with an allergen.

    Common allergens or other irritants leading to hand dermatitis include:

    • Metals such as rings and other jewelry
    • perfume
    • latex gloves
    • soap
    • disinfectants
    • antiseptics or antibacterial substances
    • dust and soil
    • highly chlorinated water.

    Moreover, to start an allergic immune response of the body to an irritant, with the existing sensitivity to it and preliminary sensitization, even a small amount of the allergen is sufficient.

    Whereas in the case of simple contact dermatitis, there is no immunological reaction, and the intensity of the symptoms will be proportional to the degree of influence of the irritant (that is, there is a direct relationship between the concentration of the substance, the duration of its exposure and the severity of the reaction on the skin).

    When palms itch from food …

    Sometimes itching of the palms can also develop because a person has eaten something, and not because his hands were in contact with something.

    When a person has a mild allergic reaction to a certain food or to a new medication, this can also lead to the release of histamine and, as a result, itchy palms. Moreover, itching in this area occurs due to the fact that histamine accumulates in large quantities in the hands and feet.

    Palms allergy symptoms

    A food or drug allergy rash may itch and blister, and sometimes hives may develop. But, as a rule, in addition to the rash, this condition is accompanied by other symptoms. For example:

    • diarrhea
    • vomiting;
    • 90,013 itching of the mouth and tongue;

    • heavy breathing;
    • anaphylactic shock.

    In a mild form of an allergic reaction, the allergy symptoms disappear quite quickly after taking an antihistamine tablet. However, if the pill does not work and the symptoms, on the contrary, worsen, you should immediately seek emergency medical help.

    Doctors warn that severe itching of some parts of the body, including the palms, can be a sign of the onset of anaphylaxis, a condition that requires immediate adrenaline and emergency treatment.

    Therefore, if you cannot breathe or swallow properly, call an ambulance immediately.

    Signs of anaphylactic shock may include the above symptoms, as well as:

    • urticaria,
    • reddened skin or, conversely, pallor
    • abdominal pain
    • weak and rapid pulse
    • runny nose and sneezing
    • swollen tongue or lips
    • Tingling sensation of hands, feet, mouth, or scalp.

    The reaction resulting from touching an allergen can also vary from mild to severe.Like food allergies, allergic contact dermatitis can also be associated with respiratory distress and other symptoms of anaphylaxis.

    It is noteworthy that an allergy to chemical or cosmetic substances can occur at any time, even if a person has previously used them without any problems. This reaction is characterized by severe redness of the skin, which may be accompanied by edema and papules. In this case, the rash can persist for a long time, without even passing for several weeks, and relapse upon repeated contact with the allergen.

    Reaction to latex – special

    A rare manifestation of dermatitis is allergic contact urticaria (ACC), an immediate reaction. The most famous allergen that causes this type of rash is latex , used, for example, to make rubber gloves. Reactions to latex can be distinguished by the characteristic rash, as if after touching nettles, burning and itching sensations.

    But the already mentioned dyshidrotic eczema manifests itself differently. Her blisters:

    • small, grain-like;
    • filled with clear liquid;
    • Gathered between or around the edges of the arms and legs, palms or feet;
    • itch very much and sometimes hurt.

    These blisters usually dry out and peel off after about three weeks. And the skin underneath can be scaly, red, cracked, and painful.

    The rash with this type of eczema is so typical that the doctor often needs only a visual examination of the damaged area to make a diagnosis.

    There is no cure for eczema. But, as with dermatitis, a doctor may prescribe topical creams to suppress the immune response. You will also need to avoid drying out your skin by keeping your hands constantly moisturized.

    Infectious and other diseases, due to which a rash appears on the palms

    But hand rashes are not always caused by allergies or eczema. Sometimes, under such a symptom, infectious or other diseases can be hidden.Here is some of them.

    Psoriasis is a disease that is often genetic or can be caused by injury, infection or other skin conditions. This condition is characterized by redness, dryness, cracking, or thickening of the affected area.

    Cirrhosis is an autoimmune disorder of the bile ducts and liver, which can lead to itching, spotting of the palms. In addition to itching, a person with this disorder can observe:

    • stains on the palms;
    • nausea;
    • muscle pain;
    • 90,013 diarrhea;

    • darkening of urine;
    • jaundice.

    Itching of the palms can also occur due to damage to the nerves in the hands. Diseases such as diabetes or carpal tunnel damage can cause this.

    In carpal tunnel syndrome, pressure on the median nerve in the hand causes numbness, weakness, itching, and pain. Itching or discomfort usually begins in the palms of the hands and is more common at night.

    As for diabetes, one study found that itching was a common symptom in people with the disease.Approximately 11.3% of people who had diabetes reported itchy skin, while only 2.9% of non-diabetic patients reported this symptom.

    Diabetes can cause itching in several ways:

    Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur in people with diabetes. In addition, complications of diabetes such as liver and kidney failure can also cause itching as a symptom.

    If a person with diabetes experiences itching, they should see a doctor as soon as possible.Irritated, itchy skin is more prone to infection. And diabetes reduces a person’s ability to fight infection.

    Another condition that can cause blisters on the hands, and at the same time on the face and neck – impetigo. This infectious disease is transmitted through skin contact with a sick person or by touching things that they have used.

    Children are more likely to develop impetigo if they already have other skin problems such as eczema or contact dermatitis.If you suspect impetigo, see your doctor.

    In addition, itching or rash on the palms can be a symptom of diseases such as enteroviral vesicular stomatitis, ringworm and even syphilis.

    And maybe everything is much simpler – and the skin on the palms begins to itch due to excessive dryness . For example, due to cold weather or excessive hand washing. In this case, a regular moisturizer can help.

    Sources of information:

    1. https: // www.everydayhealth.com/dyshidrotic-eczema/
    2. https://allergy.org.ua/chomu-vynykaiut-vysypannia-na-doloniakh/
    3. https://www.healthline.com/health/palm- rash
    4. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321047
    5. https://greatist.com/health/rash-on-palms
    6. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https: //www.worldallergy.org/UserFiles/file/WAO-Clinical-Allergy-Tips-Early-Anaphylaxis-Recognition.pdf&ved = 2ahUKEwjeuoLczL7qAhX7ysQBHa_-CSY4ChAWMAN6BAgHEAE & usg = AOvVaw1GfvxojAR8AvQY-zuEhFsd
    7. https: // www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ books / NBK144008 /
    8. https://kiai.com.ua/ua-issue-article-1509/Alergichniy-kontaktniy-dermatit-klinichni-osoblivosti

    90,000 Doctor dispels the myth of tangerine and chocolate allergies | News | Izvestia

    Allergist-immunologist Vladimir Bolibok said that itching on the skin and rashes after the New Year holidays are often mistaken for an allergy to tangerines, chocolate and other sweet foods, while these symptoms only occasionally signal a real food allergy.

    As the specialist explained, these are mainly signs of pseudo-allergies that occur due to the abuse of a number of products.

    “We usually think that if a rash appears on the skin, it must be an allergy. In fact, more often it is dermatitis – inflammation of the skin caused by eaten food, ”the doctor said in an interview with Reedus on Thursday, December 10.

    Most often pseudo-allergies appear due to excessive consumption of foods containing histamine, he noted.This substance is found in cocoa, chocolate, other legumes – peanuts, green peas, chickpeas, tofu cheese, soybeans, beans and coffee. So, if a child eats a package of coffee beans in chocolate, then he is almost guaranteed to have a rash, Bolibok added.

    The immunologist noted that the rate of consumption of these products is individual, but it is important to focus on the sense of proportion and those proportions of a particular product that a person ate before, so as not to provoke negative consequences.

    The doctor added that pseudo-allergies can also be provoked by strawberries, strawberries, even in the form of jam, fruit drink, jam or compote, as well as citrus fruits – tangerines, oranges, grapefruits.As such, adults often develop a rash after consuming these foods. Bolibok noted that some sensitive people can even react to white cabbage. True food allergies also occur in humans, but this phenomenon is quite rare.

    “In a true allergic reaction, we always find in the blood special antibodies – immunoglobulins of class E, which the body produces against foreign proteins in food. This is a failure of the immune system, ”the doctor said.

    He summarized that on New Year’s holidays, skin reactions are most often associated with a violation of the usual diet and overeating.

    On December 6, Olga Grigoryan, a leading researcher at the Federal Research Center of Nutrition and Biotechnology, also warned against excessive consumption of tangerines.

    Ministry of Health

    Express your opinion on the issue of alcohol addiction. If you do not drink alcohol and agree that alcohol addiction poses a real danger to a person and society – cast your vote in support of the section,

    click on the link “I do not drink alcohol”!

    Allergy to alcohol

    Use
    alcoholic beverages are dangerous for everyone, but first of all –
    for allergy sufferers.How alcohol can affect the human body,
    suffering from allergies, says the deputy chief physician of the Ulyanovsk
    Regional Clinical Narcological Hospital Sergey Anfimov.

    Alcoholic
    drinks are quite allergens, so skin rashes after a feast can
    be the result of allergies. Allergy manifests itself in the individual
    hypersensitivity to one or more components of an alcoholic beverage.
    With repeated use of an allergenic drink, an inflammatory
    a process whose consequences are difficult to predict.As a rule, the more
    the causative agent enters the body, the more severe the consequences of allergic
    reactions. Ethyl alcohol is not necessarily the causative agent of allergies.
    Preservatives, colorants, flavorings (in wine), yeast (in beer) can also be
    cause of allergies.

    Manifestations
    allergies are manifold:


    red rash spots on the hands and face;


    itchy skin;


    rapid intoxication, fainting;


    exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases;


    changes in body temperature and blood pressure;


    headaches, runny nose, asthma attacks and heart palpitations.

    Manifestation
    allergy symptoms requires immediate consultation with a general practitioner (and in
    further allergist).

    Together
    Determine the cause of your allergy with your doctor. It can be caused by a number of reasons:


    burdened heredity;


    periodic use of substandard alcoholic beverages.

    Mixing
    different alcoholic beverages increases the likelihood of allergic
    reactions.

    Those
    whose parents are (or have suffered) from alcohol allergies in the first place
    it is necessary to stop drinking alcoholic beverages, because they
    are at risk.

    Most
    often allergies are caused by alcoholic beverages with a high content of tannic
    substances and essential oils: whiskey, tequila, moonshine is especially dangerous. Moonshine
    is made in a handicraft way, does not undergo a sufficient degree of purification, in
    as a result, fusel oils are present in a high concentration in it,
    methanol (poisonous substance), etc.

    There are
    cases when an allergy is caused by a combination of food (usually an allergy is not
    caller) with an alcoholic beverage. Anyway, for allergy sufferers
    drinking alcoholic beverages is extremely dangerous because it can lead to
    to serious consequences: anaphylactic shock, Quincke’s edema and other dangerous
    diseases. If you are allergic, just completely stop drinking alcohol
    will help you stay healthy.

    What should a person who has encountered
    the problem of alcohol addiction?

    If you need help and support, call
    by helpline:

    8 (8422) 717-717 (anonymous consultation).

    ALCOHOLISM
    – ONE OF THE MOST DANGEROUS AND

    SUSTAINABLE SPECIES OF PATHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE!

    THINK WHAT ARE YOU PLANS FOR THIS LIFE?

    NARCOLOGY SERVICE:


    If
    you need help and support, call and you will not be alone with your
    problem.


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