Breakfast choices for diabetics: 10 Easy Breakfast Ideas for Type 2 Diabetes
10 Easy Breakfast Ideas for Type 2 Diabetes
1. Breakfast Smoothie With Berries and Greek Yogurt
You don’t have to say “So long” to smoothies for breakfast, even if you have type 2 diabetes. The key is to make sure it’s a balanced smoothie, with protein and fiber, and that it’s relatively low in sugar. Moderation is key, so stick to a small glass.
Take this Very Berry Smoothie recipe from Jill Weisenberger, RDN, CDCES, of Yorktown, Virginia, the author of Diabetes Weight Loss Week by Week. “What I love about this smoothie — besides that it’s delicious — is that it’s packed with protein just from the Greek yogurt — no protein powders needed,” she says. Each 1½ cup serving of this smoothie offers a whopping 22 grams (g) of protein, with 30 g of carbs and 5 g of fiber.
Plus, because the recipe has just four ingredients — yogurt, frozen berries (a good way to get fiber), sweetener of your choice (optional), and milk — makes it a perfect breakfast when you’re in a rush. “It’s fast and even portable, and all the ingredients are something you’d have at home or that are easy to substitute,” adds Weisenberger.
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RELATED: 7 Creative, Diabetes-Friendly Smoothie Ingredients
2. Whole-Wheat Blueberry Muffins With a Protein-Rich Side
Baked goods like muffins don’t have to be off the table if you have diabetes, especially if you whip up a batch of whole-wheat blueberry muffins like these from Vincci Tsui, RDN, who’s based in Calgary, Alberta. “A common myth about diabetes is that sugar and carbs need to be avoided in order to manage blood sugars,” says Tsui. “Combining higher glycemic index foods with protein-rich foods in a meal can help lower your glycemic load, keeping blood sugar and energy levels stable,” she says.
The glycemic index (GI) measures how certain foods affect blood glucose (sugar) levels, according to Johns Hopkins. GI accounts both for how high the food raises blood sugar levels and for how long after your meal. All foods are ranked from 1 to 100, and foods seen as “high” on the GI (greater than 70) increase blood sugar quicker than those considered low (less than 55), Johns Hopkins notes.
Meanwhile, the glycemic load (GL) is another metric that some healthcare professionals believe offers a more accurate picture of how a food impacts your glucose numbers than GI, according to Harvard Medical School. It takes into account not just the GI but also “glucose per serving.” So, watermelon has a GI of 80 (which is considered high), but because one serving has so few carbs, the GL for watermelon would be 5, which is low.
Still, the food you eat does not stand alone — people often group foods together, which in some cases can have a positive impact on the GL, according to Johns Hopkins. For example, they say that if you eat plain bread, your glucose afterward isn’t the same as when you eat bread with peanut butter, which provides protein (3. 55 g per tablespoon), notes the USDA.
Tsui recommends combining a high-fiber muffin like this one with Greek yogurt (for a yummy take on a parfait), a slice of cheese, or a hard-boiled egg for a quick, satisfying and diabetes-friendly breakfast. If you’re opting for yogurt, reach for the nonfat, plain Greek variety to cut down on total fat and help regulate your weight. A 150 g container of nonfat, plain Greek yogurt provides 15.3 g of protein, according to the USDA.
Last, keep in mind that each muffin alone has a little over 27 g of carbs.
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RELATED: Why Greek Yogurt Should Be Part of Your Diabetes Diet
3. Whole-Grain Cereal With Oatmeal, Egg, and Ground Flaxseed
Hot or cold, the right cereal makes a great breakfast. “Oatmeal,” for example, “can either be a super bland, boring breakfast that leaves you hungry an hour later — or, done right, it can be delicious and satisfying,” says Anne Mauney, MPH, RDN, of Alexandria, Virginia, creator of the website Fannetastic Food. “This high-protein oatmeal recipe has staying power — and is made diabetes-friendly by the addition of protein from eggs and milk and healthy fat from ground flaxseed, both of which will help keep your blood sugar more stable and also keep you full for longer.” You heard that right — the oatmeal recipe calls for eggs, which gives the bowl 13 g of protein per serving, says Mauney.
What’s more, the flaxseed provides a nice helping of fiber. When eaten alone, 1 tablespoon of ground flaxseed provides 1.91 g of fiber, which is 7 percent of the daily value (DV). It also ramps up your protein intake, with 4 g per 2 tablespoon (tbsp) serving, notes the USDA. Your carb tally per serving will be 36 g.
Oatmeal made with eggs and ground flaxseed might seem complicated, but all you have to do is add the ingredients (there are only six) in a pot on the stovetop, and cook while stirring for five minutes. It’s that easy!
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RELATED: How to Prepare Oatmeal When You’re Managing Type 2 Diabetes
4. Vegetarian Eggs and Lentils on Toast
5 Easy, Healthy Breakfast Ideas for Prediabetes
Do you have prediabetes? Then make sure to start your day off on the right foot with a healthy breakfast. The right food choices can keep your blood sugars low and help you get back on track with your health.
Read on to discover what prediabetes is, how healthy eating can lower your risk, and five healthy breakfast ideas for prediabetes you can try today!
What is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes is sometimes called borderline diabetes. It is a condition where your blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered a diabetes diagnosis just yet.
Having prediabetes puts you at risk for type 2 diabetes. And while a prediabetes diagnosis from your doctor may seem like a bad thing, it also means something positive. As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) point out, knowing you have prediabetes gives you the chance to change course. It gives you the chance to make healthy changes to your diet and lifestyle now, so that you can prevent more serious issues like type 2 diabetes in the future.
In most cases, diabetes can be prevented – even without medication. And better than that, prediabetes can be reversed! That means that you have the ability to get your blood sugars back to normal again and stay healthy.
Some of the important steps to lower your blood sugars and reduce your risk include:
Weight loss, increased physical activity, and healthy eating can improve blood sugar levels, according to the CDC, and what better place to start than with breakfast? A healthy prediabetes breakfast can stabilize blood sugar and improve insulin action for hours, and it need not take hours to prepare. Here are five easy breakfast ideas to try if you have prediabetes.
As you can see, it all comes down to your daily habits and dietary choices. And what better time to start than at breakfast?
Almost every choice you make day and night can affect blood sugar levels, and Lark Diabetes Prevention Program can guide you in healthy decisions. This personalized coaching program uses proven methods to lower risk for type 2 diabetes. See if you are eligible below.
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5 healthy breakfast ideas for prediabetes
The way we eat has a major effect on our blood sugar levels and insulin function. So if you have prediabetes, then it is important to choose your meals wisely.
Starting the day off with a healthy prediabetes breakfast is a step in the right direction. A healthy breakfast can stabilize blood sugar levels and improve insulin action for hours.
And don’t worry – your breakfast doesn’t have to be fancy or take hours to prepare. Healthy breakfasts for prediabetes can be simple, easy to make, and delicious at the same time!Here are five easy breakfast ideas to try if you have prediabetes:
Greek-Style Scrambled Eggs
This healthy breakfast has plenty of protein to keep energy up without spiking blood sugar. You can substitute ½ cup of tofu for the eggs and use any combination of vegetables, cheese, and spices.
- Cook 4 egg whites or 1 egg and 2 egg whites in 1 teaspoon of olive oil
- Add 1 cup of spinach and ½ teaspoon dried thyme
- Stir in 1.5 oz. feta cheese just before serving
Variations: You can substitute ½ cup of tofu for the eggs. And feel free to use any combo of veggies, cheese, and spices that you prefer! Serve in a whole-grain pita pocket or with 1 cup of fruit to get some energy-boosting carbs with extra fiber and antioxidants.
2. Overnight Spiced Peanut Butter Oatmeal
The oatmeal, peanut butter, apple, and milk in this breakfast deliver a balance of fiber, healthy fat, and protein. Make this recipe the night before and enjoy your breakfast no matter how hectic your morning might be!
- Mix 1 packet of plain, unsweetened instant oatmeal with 1/3 cup of milk.
- Top with 2 tablespoons of creamy or crunchy peanut butter.
- Mix ½ cup chopped apple with ½ teaspoon cinnamon and a dash each of nutmeg and cloves, and pour over the peanut butter.
- Cover and refrigerate overnight.
- In the morning, enjoy!
Variations: Try this recipe with almond butter instead of peanut butter, and any kind of fruit that you like to mix it up.
3. Superfoods Breakfast Bowl
This takes only a few minutes to cook, and you can make it portable by serving it in a container with a lid. You can add any vegetables you like, and try substituting cooked whole-wheat couscous or quinoa for the sweet potato.
- Cook 1 egg or 2 egg whites in 2 teaspoons olive oil.
- Add 1 cup of kale and cook until softened.
- Add ½ cup low-sodium black or garbanzo beans, ½ cup cooked cubed sweet potato, and ½ cup of chopped tomatoes.
- Season with garlic powder, cumin, paprika, and black pepper.
- Serve in a bowl and top with 2 tablespoons of grated parmesan cheese.
Variations: Swap out the veggies in this recipe for any veggies you personally like the most. And try subbing cooked whole-wheat couscous or quinoa for the sweet potato.
4. Cereal with Yogurt and Berries
The best diabetes breakfast cereals are unsweetened, whole-grain cereals such as shredded wheat, Cheerios, or bran flakes.
Whole grains can actually lower diabetes risk, according to the Linus Pauling Institute. So even though they contain carbs, don’t be afraid to eat them as part of a healthy prediabetes diet! Just be sure to eat whole grains in moderation, and combine them with protein and fiber to reduce any blood sugar spike. This recipe for cereal with yogurt and berries is a perfect example of a well-balanced meal with whole grains.
- Mix ¾ cup of shredded wheat or 1 cup of original Cheerios into 1 container (or 1 cup) of reduced-fat plain regular or Greek yogurt.
- Mix in ¾ cup blueberries or strawberries, plus ½ oz. (2 tablespoons) of sliced almonds.
Looking for a Diabetes Prevention Program?
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5. Cottage Cheese Roll-Up
This easy breakfast for prediabetes couldn’t be faster to make. Plus, it is nutrient-rich and will keep you satisfied!
- Mix 2 tablespoons of unsalted, roasted pumpkin seeds and ½ cup sliced strawberries into ½ cup cottage cheese.
- Spread on a whole-grain tortilla or wrap, and roll it up.
Variations: You can swap plain yogurt for cottage cheese and use any kind of nuts or seeds and fruit.
Get support with healthy eating for prediabetes
These healthy breakfast ideas for prediabetes are a great place to start if you are looking to lower your blood sugars.
But almost every choice you make day and night can affect blood sugar levels, and we know that it can be difficult to know what to eat at every meal of the day! So why not get some help along the way?
The Lark Diabetes Prevention Program is a fully-recognized CDC Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). It gives you 24/7 personalized coaching on your prediabetes diet whenever you need it.
This coaching program uses proven methods to lower your risk for type 2 diabetes. When you sign up, you’ll be guided every step of the way in making decisions that will support your body and get you healthy!
See if you are eligible for Lark DPP here.
The bottom line
If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, then this is your chance to turn things around. By eating well, moving your body more, and losing weight, you can reduce your diabetes risk. And you can even reverse your prediabetes!
So start your day off right with a good breakfast. The five simple recipes above all contain healthy foods that support healthy blood sugar levels. And plus, they are convenient, easy to prepare, satisfying, and tasty.
But don’t just stop at breakfast! Continue eating well throughout the day, making healthy food choices all day long. Check out our Healthy Meal Guide for Prediabetes to learn more.
Start your day right with a good breakfast, and keep supporting lower blood sugar levels with healthy choices all day long. Lark is a fully-recognized CDC Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) that can give 24/7 personalized coaching on your prediabetes diet whenever you need it. See if you are eligible for Lark DPP!
Easy breakfast ideas for diabetics
Easy breakfast ideas for diabetics
What should a Type 2 diabetic eat for breakfast?
Breakfast ideas for people with type 2 diabetes Smoothies. Oatmeal. Eggs. Cereal. Yogurt. Fruit. Bacon and sausage alternatives. Bread.
What foods can diabetics eat freely?
People with diabetes can freely eat foods with little to no carbohydrates Sweets. Snack foods like chips and pretzels. Milk and yogurt. Fruit and juice. Starchy foods like bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and potatoes.
What is a good daily menu for a diabetic?
A sample menu Breakfast. Whole-wheat bread (1 medium slice) with 2 teaspoons jelly, 1/2 cup shredded wheat cereal with a cup of 1 percent low-fat milk, a piece of fruit , coffee. Lunch. Roast beef sandwich on wheat bread with lettuce, low-fat American cheese, tomato and mayonnaise, medium apple, water. Dinner. Snack.
What is the best cereal for a diabetic to eat?
Healthy Cereal Brands for Diabetes Cornflakes. Grape-nuts. Cream of wheat. Museli. Rice -based cereals. Oatmeal . Wheat bran -based cereals. Additions and alternatives.
What fruit should diabetics avoid?
Processing fruits also removes or reduces levels of certain key nutrients, including vitamins and fiber. The National Institute of Diabetic and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) recommends that people with diabetes should avoid fruit juices or canned fruits with added sugar .
Can diabetics eat bacon and eggs?
Likewise, don’t serve eggs with high-fat, high-sodium bacon or sausage very often. A hard-boiled egg is a handy high-protein snack if you have diabetes . The protein will help keep you full without affecting your blood sugar. Protein not only slows digestion, it also slows glucose absorption.
Are bananas bad for diabetics?
Bananas have a low GI score, and this the fruit to be an appropriate choice for diabetics . Dietitian Upasana Sharma, Head Nutritionist at Max Hospital says, ” Banana contains sugar and carbs. But it is rich in fibre and has a low glycemic index. Diabetics can eat banana , but in moderation.”
What vegetables should diabetics avoid?
The Worst Vegetables for People with Diabetes Potatoes . Potatoes are America’s favorite vegetable; unfortunately, they also are a high glycemic food best left off the plate for people with diabetes. Corn. Peas. Butternut Squash. Vegetable Juice. Broccoli. Cabbage. Asparagus.
What sweet things can diabetics eat?
Examples of some diabetic -friendly desserts that may or may not have artificial sweeteners include: granola (with no sugar added) and fresh fruit. graham crackers with nut butter. angel food cake. sugar-free hot chocolate sprinkled with cinnamon. sugar-free fudge popsicle.
What is a good dinner for diabetics?
15 Delicious Diabetes-Friendly Dinner Ideas Beef and Bean Chile Verde. Turkey Sausage and Arugula Pasta. Chicken and White Bean Soup. Mushroom Risotto. Healthified Chicken Curry with Couscous. Oven-Fried Parmesan Chicken. Healthified Sesame Beef and Green Beans. Healthified Salmon with Spring Veggies.
What is a good lunch for a diabetic?
With portion size in mind, a person with diabetes can include: canned tuna, salmon or sardines. low-salt deli meats, such as turkey and chicken. hard-boiled eggs. salads with a side dressing. low-salt soups and chili. whole fruit, such as apples and berries. cottage cheese. plain, unsweetened Greek yogurt.
What is the best thing for a diabetes to eat before bed?
Eat a bedtime snack To combat the dawn phenomenon, eat a high-fiber, low-fat snack before bed . Whole-wheat crackers with cheese or an apple with peanut butter are two good choices. These foods will keep your blood sugar steady and prevent your liver from releasing too much glucose.
What is a good diabetic breakfast?
Tasty, Diabetes -Friendly Breakfast Ideas Scroll down to read all. 1 / 13. Eat a Healthy Breakfast . 2 / 13. Overnight Oatmeal. High in fiber, oatmeal can help keep blood sugar levels in check. 3 / 13. Nut Butter and Fruit. 4 / 13. Egg Sandwich. 5 / 13. Greek Yogurt Parfait. 6 / 13. Sweet Potato and Chicken Sausage Hash. 7 / 13. Vegetable Omelet. 8 / 13. Savory Oatmeal.
What breakfast cereals can diabetics eat?
According to the American Diabetes Association, rolled oatmeal, steel-cut oatmeal, and oat bran are all low GI foods, with a GI value of 55 or less. Quick oats have a medium GI, with a value of 56-69. Corn flakes, puffed rice, bran flakes , and instant oatmeal are considered high GI foods, with a value of 70 or more.
What is the best bread for diabetics?
The American Diabetes Association recommends choosing whole grain bread or 100 percent whole wheat bread instead of white bread . White bread is made from highly processed white flour and added sugar. Here are some delicious and healthy breads to try: Joseph’s Flax, Oat Bran and Wheat Pita Bread .
Diabetic Breakfast | Type 2 diabetes management: Best and worst breakfast choices for diabetics
Type 2 diabetes management: Best and worst breakfast choices for diabetics  |  Photo Credit: iStock Images
- Diabetes is a common, but serious condition that affects millions of people around the world
- Breakfast is one of the most important meals of the day, especially for people with diabetes
- Know the best and worst breakfast foods for diabetics, and how they affect blood sugar control
New Delhi: Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle conditions that has affected, and continues to affect millions of people around the world. A condition that is directly linked with obesity as a leading risk factor, and the one that can harm the kidneys as well as the heart, type 2 diabetes is a difficult, but important to manage the condition. Untreated, or mismanaged blood sugar levels can lead to excessively high blood sugar that can harm the rest of your vital organs. At the same time, extremely low blood sugar levels can cause fatigue to the point of unconsciousness, which can also be very dangerous.
Breakfast is considered one of the most important meals of the day. Especially for diabetics, breakfast is very essential since it is the first meal eaten after a fasting period of at least 8-9 hours when a person is asleep. Therefore, you must eat a healthy breakfast that helps you keep your sugar levels in check.
Best foods to add to your breakfast meal to manage blood sugar levels
- High-fibre, low-sugar cereal – Cereal continues to be the most loved breakfast of people of all times. However, diabetics must ensure they include a high-fibre, low-sugar cereal in their diet to keep their blood sugar managed.
- Porridge – Porridge, also known as Daliya in Hindi, is a great breakfast dish. It can be made both sweet and salty. A porridge dish with lots of nuts, no salt, and fresh fruits for natural sugar is recommended. If you go for the savoury type, keep the salt low, and add lots of veggies for the crunch and nutrition.
- Wholegrain bread – Wholegrain bread is a great way to begin your day. It contains just enough carbs but is not too refined, or sugary. It also contains fibre which is very important for people with blood sugar problems.
- Avocado – Avocado is a healthy fruit, with lots of healthy fats in it. You can add the fruit on your slice of bread for a breakfast option on-the-go.
Other healthy breakfast options for diabetics can include –
Foods diabetics must avoid for breakfast to keep their blood sugar in check
Some popular breakfast foods that are not the best choice for diabetics include –
- Sugar in tea, coffee
- Fresh or packed juices
- Refined flour bread
- Sugary cereal
- Sugary spreads such as chocolate spread, hazelnut spread and others
- Pastries, and croissants
- Packaged, processed foods.
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.
Get the Latest health news, healthy diet, weight loss, Yoga, and fitness tips, more updates on Times Now
Best Breakfast Options For Diabetics To Keep Blood Sugar Levels Under Control
Diabetes diet: Do not skip breakfast if you have diabetes
- Right breakfast can positively impact on the blood sugar levels
- Consume foods with a low glycaemic index
- Egg is a healthy breakfast option for a diabetic
Breakfast is the most important of the day but most people do not give much attention to it. A healthy and nutrition-packed breakfast is recommended to everyone especially diabetics. The right breakfast plays an important role in a diabetes diet. It leaves a positive impact on the blood sugar levels throughout the day and insulin sensitivity. If you are a diabetic you need to choose the elements of your breakfast with a low glycaemic index. A diabetic diet should contain such foods which do not increase the blood sugar levels. Here are some breakfast ideas which are healthy for a diabetes patient. These foods will leave a positive impact on the blood sugar levels and ensure a better flow of energy throughout the day.
Dr. Rakesh Pandit, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine suggests, “Breakfast is an important meal for everyone and for diabetics too. People who skip breakfast are at a higher risk of obesity and their blood sugar levels are also high. If a diabetic does not consume a proper breakfast his or her blood sugar levels can increase.”
Diabetes diet plan: Healthy breakfast options
“A patient can have one to two whole eggs as it a good source of protein. Sprouts are also a good option to add to your breakfast. Both fruits and dry fruits are also healthy for a diabetic. A diabetic should check the portion size with his or her doctor and make changes according to their body type. One should avoid fats and foods with a high glycaemic index. One should avoid foods which can increase blood sugar levels. Juices, processed foods, sugar, maida, too much salt and creams should be avoided,” Dr. Rakesh added.
An egg is the most common option for breakfast. It is loaded with protein which is extremely healthy. An egg is a healthy breakfast option for a diabetes patient. You can scramble an egg or consume boiled egg. But do not over-consume eggs. Add a restricted amount on some days of the week. This is also a quick and easy option to choose for breakfast. You can also prepare an omelette at times.
Eggs are loaded with protein which makes them a healthy breakfast option
Photo Credit: iStock
2. Whole-grain cereal
Cereal is another common breakfast option which can be added to your diabetes diet. It is high in fibre which controls blood sugar levels. But make sure that it is a whole-grain cereal without sugar content. You can also add some fruits on the top of it with some milk.
Also read: Diabetes Diet: Can Diabetics Eat Fruits? Know Tips To Choose The Right Fruits
3. Almonds with fruits
Almonds are packed with nutrition and are extremely healthy. Almonds are beneficial for a diabetic as well. Magnesium content of almonds makes them extremely healthy for a diabetes patient by controlling blood sugar levels. You can eat 6-8 almonds for breakfast along with some fruits like watermelon, papaya, apple, orange, berries and peach.
Also read: Diabetes Diet: Know How Many Almonds You Should Eat To Lower Blood Sugar Levels
Oatmeal is another healthy breakfast option which can be consumed by a diabetic. Choose unsweetened oatmeal. It is also easy to prepare which will not take much time to prepare. Add some fruits and almonds on top of it to make it extremely nutritious.
Oats are high in fibre which can be added to your diabetes diet
Photo Credit: iStock
Starting your day with fresh yogurt is a healthy way to start your day. Choose low-fat unsweetened yogurt. It will contain restricted carbs with a high amount of protein. But check the portion size with your doctor before adding it to your breakfast. You can all some berries on the top of it to enhance its taste and nutritional value.
Also read: Diabetes: Exercise Tips To Manage Blood Sugar Levels; Benefits Of Exercising For Diabetics
Dr. Rakesh further adds, “Every diabetic cannot have the same breakfast it needs to be customised according to the patient’s weight, cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels, amount of physical activity throughout the day and many other factors.” If you are a diabetic you need to be very careful about what to eat and what not to keeping into consideration the effect of the food consumed on blood sugar levels. Try thee breakfast option and follow all the precautions described by your doctor to control blood sugar levels. You can also consult your doctor once to get a clear picture of the best foods to start your day with.
(Dr. Rakesh Pandit is a Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine at Aakash Super Specialty Hospital)
Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.
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5 Quick and Easy Low-Carb Breakfast Ideas for Type 2 Diabetics
Breakfast is one of the most important meals of the day, especially for type 2 diabetics. It’s also one of the most neglected when it comes to eating healthy. Don’t have the time to prepare breakfast? Diabetic breakfast ideas don’t have to be elaborate.
You don’t have to worry about cooking an elaborate meal to make sure you get all of the nutrition you need to make it through the day. All the ingredients you need are probably already in your kitchen, so do a little exploring and create a powerhouse breakfast that will give you the energy you need without throwing off your insulin levels.
The following low-carb, diabetic breakfast ideas will help you stay healthy and step out of the door on time:
Related Blog: How Does Diabetes Affect Your Mood and Relationships?
It’s versatile and can accommodate your sweet tooth or satisfy your salty cravings!
Are you following a ketogenic diet plan? Our keto diet checklist for type 2 diabetics can help you in reversing your diabetic numbers.
High-Protein Pancakes and Fruit
High-protein pancakes make a healthy breakfast for type 2 diabetics, and it also keeps you full till lunch.
- Add a scoop of vanilla protein powder to your favorite pancake mix. You will get a boost of protein with a tasty vanilla twist.
- Top them off with a small handful of fresh raspberries or blueberries.
- You can use a scoop of strawberry flavored protein flower and top the pancakes with a small amount of freshly cut strawberries or kiwis.
Whipped Cottage Cheese with Fruit and Nuts
Cottage cheese is one of those foods that can be enjoyed in many ways.
- Take a cup of cottage cheese and place it in a small food processor container.
- Use the pulse setting until the cottage cheese is smooth.
- You can top it with sunflower seeds, peanuts, tomatoes, cucumber chunks, and a small handful of strawberries, blueberries, and peaches.
Keto Egg Muffins
Keto egg muffins are one of several diabetic breakfast ideas that will keep you on track if you are following a ketogenic meal plan.
- Mixing egg yolks and fresh vegetables are essential to these keto egg muffins, that are full of the nutrition you need and give a healthy boost to start your day.
- You can include tomatoes, onions, green/red peppers, and broccoli.
- Add a little cheese, and you have enough protein to start your day off right!
Yogurt and Fruit Shakes
Yogurt is high in protein and also adds enzymes that you will need throughout the day. Flavored or plain yogurt is a great way to start your morning.
- Place a cup of yogurt in your food processor or blender.
- Add a small handful of your favorite fruit and pulse a few times.
- Mix and shake thoroughly, so the fruit goes all the way through and then drink up as you head out the door.
Cauliflower Oatmeal and Fruit
If you’re trying to avoid grains, but oatmeal is one of your favorites, swap the grain for vegetable and add some of your favorite flavors.
- Instead of preparing oatmeal, take a cup of cooked, diced cauliflower and put it in your food processor, pulse until smooth and scoop into a bowl.
- You can add a small amount of vanilla protein for extra flavor in addition to the cinnamon or a small handful of fresh fruit you like.
To get more diabetic breakfast ideas and to ensure you are eating the right types of food for type 2 diabetes, work with a certified dietician to create a perfect diabetic meal plan.
Gina Nguyen, MD
Dr. Nguyen is a medical director at Family Care Center Costa Mesa. She has implemented standards of care for underserved population and helped the clinic achieve NCQA (National Committee of Quality Assurance) Level 2 recognition and FQHC (Federally Qualified Health Care Center) status. Now, her focus is on providing the highest quality care to patients and improving lifestyle choices to reduce or eliminate health problems.
2 Perfect Breakfasts for Blood Sugar Balance
By Cyrus Khambatta, PhD and Robby Barbaro, MPH, co-founders of the Mastering Diabetes coaching program and authors of Mastering Diabetes: The Revolutionary Method to Reverse Insulin Resistance Permanently in Type 1, Type 1. 5, Type 2, Prediabetes, and Gestational Diabetes
You’ve probably heard that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. The truth is that each meal is important for different reasons. But breakfast is the first meal of the day, which makes it very important for establishing excellent blood glucose control in preparation for the rest of the day. The foods you choose to eat at breakfast are crucial for giving your muscles and brain the energy they require to perform optimally. Whole carbohydrate-rich foods are excellent choices to rev up your physical and mental stamina, because they are extremely nutrient-dense and contain easily available energy. Especially if you enjoy exercising in the morning hours—or want to start enjoying exercise in the morning—eating a generous portion of foods rich in whole carbohydrate energy is a simple way to stay energized during your workout.
For many people, breakfast usually contains foods that are packed with refined carbohydrates—breads, cereals, and processed grains like instant oatmeal and grits. These refined carbohydrates can cause unwanted glucose fluctuations, especially if the fat content of your diet remains high. Here’s how to replace those foods with other options that will kick-start the process of increasing your insulin sensitivity and help you feel energized.
Perfect Breakfast Option 1: Fruit Bowl with Chia or Flax
One of the best ways to start your morning off right is to eat a generous serving of fresh fruit because it provides your body with easily digestible carbohydrate energy that lasts for hours and provides your brain with exactly the fuel it’s designed to run on: glucose.
Carbohydrate-rich whole foods require large amounts of insulin only if the total amount of fat in your diet is high, and especially if the amount of saturated fat in your diet is high. When you eat fat-rich foods, your ability to metabolize carbohydrate-rich foods declines immediately. Eating a low-fat fruit-centric meal first thing in the morning substitutes for fat-rich and protein-rich foods. Fresh fruits contain a complex collection of macronutrients including carbohydrate, fat, and protein, as well as micronutrients, including vitamins, minerals, fiber, water, antioxidants, and phytochemicals. It’s the presence of a vast array of behind-the-scenes micronutrients that increases the nutrient density of your fruit-centric meal and helps protect your blood glucose from rising rapidly.
Sweeteners like table sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, and agave nectar, on the other hand, are much more likely to spike your blood glucose because they have been processed into potent concentrated sweeteners and are devoid of protective nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, fiber, water, antioxidants, and phytochemicals. When you eat foods containing these added and refined sugars, your blood glucose may spike because the glucose inside is unprotected by fiber and other valuable micronutrients.
We understand that it may be difficult to unlearn years of avoiding fruits, so if you find yourself struggling with the concept of eating a fruit bowl first thing in the morning, then take a deep breath and learn from thousands of others who have successfully transitioned their diets. Most of our clients are pleasantly surprised that eating a carbohydrate-rich breakfast containing fruits does not cause blood glucose spikes, even after they have avoided fruit for years. Though it may seem like a scary task, when you are ready to eat a fruit-centric breakfast, do so for seven consecutive days and be sure to document any changes you discover in your blood glucose in the 1 to 3 hours after your meal.
Start constructing a fresh fruit bowl by combining the following ingredients:
1. Roughly 3 to 4 servings of fruit (or more if you’re highly active). A serving of fruit is one of the following:
* 1 whole fruit (banana, apple, orange, pear, mango, etc.)
* 1 cup of berries (strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, etc.)
* 1 cup of grapes
* 1 cup of small fruits (figs, kumquats, etc.)
2. One tablespoon freshly ground chia seeds or 1 tablespoon freshly ground flaxseeds
3. Spices like cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, or cumin to sprinkle on top for added flavor and antioxidant power
Perfect Breakfast Option 2: Focus on Fiber and Nutrient Density
If you fall in the medium, high, or very high categories of baseline insulin resistance, pay attention to how many green light foods you eat every day. The more green light foods you eat, the more fiber can help slow the absorption of glucose into your blood, which in turn will help to reduce unwanted blood glucose elevations. Here are our tips for eating a breakfast meal that is optimized for fiber and nutrient density:
Eat fruit with greens and/or non-starchy vegetables. When you’re living with a higher level of insulin resistance, include foods that slow the absorption of glucose into your bloodstream while still meeting your calorie needs. This can be accomplished by eating 3 to 4+ servings of fruit with significant portions of leafy greens (lettuce, spinach, kale, arugula, etc.) or non-starchy vegetables (cucumber, celery, zucchini, etc.).
Eat intact whole grains with fruit. An intact whole-grain fruit bowl is another great option for breakfast. This breakfast meal contains an intact whole grain such as quinoa, wild rice, or millet as the base, topped with fruits like berries, apples, peaches, or pears. We have found that eating instant oatmeal can cause unwanted blood glucose elevations in people living with a medium, high, or very high level of baseline insulin resistance. The presence of intact whole grains also delays the rate at which glucose enters your blood, which protects against unwanted blood glucose elevations when you are living with high levels of insulin resistance.
[RELATED: Brown Rice Cinnamon Breakfast Bowl]
Add beans, lentils, and peas. Legumes are great foods to enjoy for breakfast, especially when you are beginning your transition from a highly insulin-resistant state. They include large amounts of resistant starch, which help prevent unwanted blood glucose spikes. Additionally, beans, lentils, and peas have a slightly higher protein content than other green light foods, and because of this you are likely to stay full for a longer period of time. Legumes are also incredibly nutrient-dense, and not only help keep your blood glucose flat after the meal in which they’re eaten but also reduce blood glucose elevations at your next meal. This “second-meal” effect has been observed by many researchers and results from happy gut bacteria that release short-chain fatty acids into circulation that moderate your post-meal blood glucose values brilliantly. Including legumes in your breakfast meal is a great way to control your blood glucose for many hours at the beginning of the day.
Add freshly ground chia, flaxseeds, and spices. We suggest adding 1 tablespoon of freshly ground flaxseeds or freshly ground chia seeds to any of the options presented above to ensure that you eat sufficient EFAs every day. Also including spices like cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, or cumin can enhance the flavor and antioxidant power of your breakfast meal.
[RELATED: Chia Berry Overnight Oats]
Excerpted from MASTERING DIABETES by arrangement with Avery, a member of Penguin Group (USA) LLC, A Penguin Random House Company. Copyright © 2020, Cyrus Khambatta and Robby Barbaro.
By Elisabeth Almekinder, Health Journalist, Registered Nurse, and Diabetes Educator for the Manos Unidas…
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90,000 Scientists have identified the ideal breakfast for diabetics
An omelet or other low-carb breakfast helps diabetics avoid a strong post-meal release of glucose and stabilize blood levels throughout the day, the researchers found. They note that such a choice of the first meal will be useful not only for diabetics, but in general for everyone.
Canadian scientists from the University of British Columbia have named the ideal breakfast for diabetics – a meal without carbohydrates, but high in fat.The study was published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition .
Breakfast is the most “problematic” food for diabetics, the authors of the work explain. It leads to the largest release of glucose into the blood.
“The big spike in blood sugar that follows breakfast is due to a combination of severe insulin resistance in the morning in people with type 2 diabetes and the fact that typical Western breakfast foods – porridge, toast, fruit – are high in carbohydrates.”
– explains Jonathan Little, lead author of the study.
Researchers conducted a two-day experiment on 23 volunteers. On the first day they were given omelet for breakfast, on the second – oatmeal with fruit. The rest of the meals during the control days were the same. Every five minutes, devices fixed to the body of the participants recorded the level of sugar in the blood. Also, the participants reported on the feeling of hunger, satiety, desire to eat something sweet or salty.
Eating a very low carb, high fat breakfast was found to completely prevent the spike in blood sugar after breakfast.This was enough to lower the release of glucose and stabilize blood glucose levels throughout the day.
In addition, with a low-carb breakfast, subjects reported less hunger and decreased cravings for sweets.
According to the researchers, the results of the work should be noted not only for diabetics, but also for everyone who wants to lead a healthier lifestyle.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder, which is based on a deficiency in the formation of its own insulin and an increase in blood glucose levels.The disease is manifested by a feeling of thirst, an increase in the amount of urine excreted, increased appetite, weakness, dizziness, and slow wound healing. There is a high risk of stroke, renal failure, myocardial infarction, gangrene of the extremities, blindness. Sharp fluctuations in blood sugar cause life-threatening conditions: hypo- and hyperglycemic coma.
The highest incidence of diabetes mellitus is type 2 – it is diagnosed in 85-90% of cases.
It develops as a result of impaired insulin secretion or reduced tissue sensitivity to the action of insulin.Because of this, hyperglycemia develops – an increase in serum glucose.
The norm of glucose in the blood is 3.3-5.5 mmol / l. With an indicator above 16.5 mmol / l, a diabetic coma develops. Its appearance is preceded by malaise, loss of appetite, headache, constipation or diarrhea, nausea, sometimes abdominal pain, occasionally vomiting. If treatment is not started on time, the patient loses consciousness, his skin remains dry and warm, the smell of apples or acetone comes from his mouth. Pulse is weak, blood pressure is low.Diabetic coma can last for a very long time – the longest case of a patient in this condition in history was more than four decades.
With an indicator above 55.5 mmol / l, a hyperosmolar coma occurs, the mortality rate in which reaches 50%.
Among the main symptoms of diabetes are thirst and dry mouth, profuse urination, itching, weakness, obesity, and poor wound healing. Without treatment, diabetes leads to increased vascular fragility and a tendency to thrombosis and atherosclerosis, nervous system disorders, joint pain and limited mobility, cataract development, retinal and kidney damage.
People with overweight and insufficient physical activity, as well as with a family history of diabetes, are at risk of developing diabetes. If both parents had the disease, the risk of developing diabetes in children reaches 80%. Also, the disease more often affects the elderly.
For the treatment of type 2 diabetes, it is necessary to combine diet, moderate exercise and therapy with various drugs. Some of them reduce the absorption of glucose in the intestine and its synthesis in the liver, and also increase the sensitivity of tissues to the action of insulin, while others increase the release of insulin and inhibit intestinal enzymes that break down complex carbohydrates to glucose, thereby reducing the absorption of glucose in the gastrointestinal tract.
90,000 Recipes for diabetics – recipes with photos on Povar.ru (155 recipes for diabetics)
Fresh cabbage salad
Fresh cabbage salad is a great option for a light snack or an addition to the main course. It is prepared quickly and easily, it turns out lean and easily digestible. Raw food salad. … more
Added by: Giggs 25.04.2013
Pollock in the oven
Oven-baked pollock turns out to be very tender and tasty. Pollock is an excellent dietary dish and a way to diversify the diet of those who are on a diet or fasting. … more
Added by: Jess 03/25/2014
Pancakes for diabetics
An ideal and healthy breakfast for those with diabetes.Delicious and easy to prepare pancakes. … more
Added by: Arina Volskaya 02/08/2015
Fresh, tasty and juicy seafood salad! Light in taste and easy to prepare! May well replace dinner! A great option for supporters of proper nutrition. … more
Added by: Natalie 29.01.2019
Chum salmon in foil
Chum salmon in foil is a delicious dish. A very easy recipe for cooking this fish, which will not take you much time. Chum salmon turns out to be very tasty and fragrant, you just lick your fingers. … more
Added by: Zoskyn 04/29/2013
Lightly salted vegetables in a bag
Juicy, fresh, fragrant, piquant, awesomely tasty vegetables to which you can sing an ode endlessly! An amazing barbecue snack or a great salad for dinner in the country and at home! A real hit of the summer! ….. more
Added by: Natalie 07/21/2018
Jellied snack – one of the favorite cold snacks, which is relevant on any festive table at any time of the year! I am sure that many have already cooked, but I will gladly share my recipe! … more
Added by: Natalie 06.01.2019
Red cabbage salad
Red Cabbage Salad is my favorite salad of those that are prepared in no time and are good for a quick, light snack. In addition, red cabbage salad can be considered raw food. … more
Added by: Mamamaksa 04/25/2013
The classic recipe for millet porridge, widespread throughout Russia.Millet porridge is an excellent dish for both children and adults. It is simple to prepare, but it turns out satisfying, healthy and tasty! … more
Added by: Dashunia 11/29/2018
Baked dietary pumpkin
Pumpkin is a very healthy, dietary and quite self-sufficient vegetable! But if you add a few touches and spices to it, you get a very tasty dietary dish, which I want to offer you…. more
Added by: Natalie 06.10.2018
Rolls without rice
Love rolls but are on a low-carb diet? We have great news for you – no rice rolls! It will be delicious, easy and a lot of vitamins! … more
Added by: Oksana Gorshkova 03/29/2019
I suggest steaming tilapia. The dish turns out to be very tender, tasty and, importantly, dietary. For those who are trying to eat not only healthy, but also delicious food, this recipe will come in handy. … more
Added by: Deemmaq 24.07.2018
Boiled corn on the cob
How to cook corn on the cob? This step-by-step recipe will reveal some of the secrets of how to choose and boil corn on the cob…. more
Added by: Vitaly on 07/24/2012
Biscuits for diabetics
There is a certain category of people who are not allowed sweets, but they want to. My cookie recipe is based on oat flour and fructose, these cookies are suitable for diabetics. … more
Added by: Vikulia 03/16/2015
Bread for diabetics in a bread maker
Products made from premium flour are contraindicated for people with diabetes. It is recommended to use products made from rye, whole grain flour and bran. Considering the recommendations, let’s bake bread. … more
Added by: Christina 01/20/2020
Wheat porridge is a very popular side dish.A traditional Russian dish, which since ancient times has been considered a source of heroic strength and good health. Eating wheat porridge is very useful – so we cook! … more
Added by: Jess 04/26/2013
This is a very light, tasty and healthy dietary broccoli side dish. It goes well with both fish and meat…. more
Added by: Giggs 04/25/2013
Steamed fish with herbs
Steamed fish with herbs – quick and easy to prepare, but very healthy and tasty dish. Requires a double boiler. … more
Added by: Mamamaksa 07/02/2014
Mushroom soup with barley
Mushrooms and pearl barley – it would seem that they are two incompatible ingredients, but there it was! This opinion is wrong, and this soup is the perfect proof of that. The soup is good for diabetics’ diets. … more
Added by: Kaviansky 04.24.2013
Avocado and cabbage salad
Very light, healthy and vitamin salad that the whole family can crunch with.Suitable for vegetarians, fasting people and of course those on a diet, including a raw food diet. … more
Added by: Natalie 03/18/2019
Salad of squid and mussels with “Pearl of the Sea” chips
Light, tasty, healthy and quick-to-prepare seafood “Pearl of the Sea” salad with chips and iceberg lettuce will impress even the most fastidious and capricious gourmets…. more
Added by: Dimacook 10.10.2019
Thick and nutritious oatmeal milk is an easy-to-make herbal product for those looking to diversify their diet or looking for an alternative to cow’s milk. … more
Added by: Jess 15.05.2018
Carrot puree is an excellent side dish for meat or fish dishes, as well as a dish suitable for feeding small children. It turns out very tasty. … more
Added by: Roksolana 04/25/2013
Jerusalem artichoke salad
Jerusalem artichoke salad is a vitamin storm in your plate.One portion of such a salad is enough to provide the body with a daily intake of most vitamins and nutrients. Cooking! … more
Added by: Pavel 05/17/2013
Fish casserole with rice
Fish casserole with rice is perfect for lunch or dinner for all family members. It can be offered to both children and adults, the sick and the elderly.Take any fish fillet, but fatter is better.
Added by: Galate 10/14/2014
This dish is not soup, this hodgepodge is for the second. A tasty and healthy dish, which is very easy to get enough and at the same time you will not be threatened by heaviness in the stomach and extra grams at the waist 🙂 … more
Added by: Arina Volskaya 22.02.2016
A very easy and quick recipe for making chocolates at home. Cooking is nowhere easier, so join me in telling you how to make diet chocolate. You’ll like it! … more
Added by: Alla 04/27/2017
Vegetable dietary salad. Contrary to the name, you can eat it not only in winter 🙂 But it is in winter, when the body lacks vitamins, that such a salad is especially useful and relevant. … more
Added by: Veldrina 04.24.2013
Fresh carrot and beet salad
Fresh carrot and beetroot salad is a salad of people who care about their health.Perhaps no other vegetable salad contains such an amount of vitamins and nutrients. Cooking! … more
Added by: Veldrina 04.24.2013
Warm Dandelion Salad
A simple recipe for a warm dandelion salad. Very tasty and healthy! … more
Added by: Deemmaq 09/29/2012
Candy for diabetics
Adjusting nutrition in the presence of health problems is a rather difficult task. However, alternatives can always be found, such as this simple diabetic candy recipe. … more
Added by: Marina Zolotseva 11/26/2014
Celery Salad is a very healthy salad full of fiber and protein.This is one of those vegetarian dishes that even people indifferent to vegetarianism eat with pleasure. … more
Added by: Elena Sokolova 04.24.2013
Ratatouille with egg
Ratatouille with egg is an easy-to-prepare vegetable dish of French cuisine, which is well suited for people with a specific diet (for vegetarians, diabetics)…. more
Added by: Elena Sokolova 05/27/2014
Vegetarian Broccoli Soup
Recipe for making broccoli puree soup. The soup is very quick in preparation, but the taste is simply excellent. And thanks to such a vegetable as broccoli, this dish becomes very nutritious and healthy. … more
Added by: Alteredego 26.04.2013
Steamed sea bass with vegetables
Recipe for steaming sea bass with vegetables. In this dish, fish goes very well with vegetables. Here seabass can be replaced with other fish – for example, trout, pike perch, dorado. … more
Added by: Alteredego 07/02/2014
Spanish cold soup
Here’s a recipe for a cold Spanish soup known as gazpacho. In the summer heat, as for me, there is nothing better than a plate of refreshing cold gazpacho. Try it – you’ll love it! … more
Added by: Alteredego 04/26/2013
Fresh cucumber salad is my favorite option for a quick and easy summer snack.Just a few minutes of effort – and a fresh salad full of vitamins and life is ready! … more
Added by: Dashunia 05/14/2013
Turkey is already a dietary meat in itself, and if you cook it, then it is generally dietary food number one. Here’s how to cook a boiled turkey to make it tasty and not dry…. more
Added by: Dashunia 10/27/2014
Basic recipe for steamed fish fillet or fish steak. You can steam almost any fish in a similar way – unless the cooking time is different. … more
Added by: Dashunia 07/02/2014
Oatmeal on the water
Recipe for making a very tasty and, more importantly, healthy porridge from oatmeal, water and butter. If you care about your health, oatmeal should be in your diet. … more
Added by: Jess on 04/25/2013
90,000 Scientists have named an ideal breakfast for diabetics
Scientists have named an ideal breakfast for diabetics
Scientists have named an ideal breakfast for diabetics – RIA Novosti, 13.04.2019 9003
Scientists have named the ideal breakfast for diabetics
Eating low-carb foods for breakfast in combination with high-fat foods helps to avoid surges in sugar during the day in patients … RIA Novosti, 04/13/2019
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MOSCOW, April 13 – RIA Novosti. Eating low-carb foods for breakfast in combination with high-fat foods can help avoid surges in blood sugar throughout the day in people with type 2 diabetes. This conclusion was reached by a Canadian scientific group, according to the portal Medical Xpress. Experts from the University of British Columbia compared the effect of two different types of breakfast – omelet and oatmeal with fruit. For two days, scientists recorded blood sugar levels in patients whose diet differed only in this meal.It turned out that a low-carb breakfast allows you to control glucose levels throughout the day and avoid the release of sugar, which is dangerous for the kidneys, eyes and blood vessels, which occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes immediately after eating. “We expected that a breakfast consisting of carbohydrates by a maximum of ten percent will prevent this jump, but the overall effect of glucose control and stability came as a surprise to us, “says one of the authors of the work Jonathan Little.” Liquid “Diet Scientists have previously found that switching to liquid food helps diabetics to reduce body weight, as well as get rid of from high blood pressure and improve metabolism.According to an article for Diabetes Care, eating this way can help you lose about 2.4 kilograms compared to a low-calorie diet. The research team reviewed over 2,000 diabetes and dietary studies. Particular attention was paid to “liquid” diets, according to which, instead of solid foods, instant mixtures containing the same amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and other nutrients are used. Such a nutrition system not only helps to lose weight, but also reduces blood pressure and glucose levels and insulin in the blood.”Of course, you don’t have to think that this is the most ideal diet – it certainly does not exist. It is not the type of diet that matters, but whether you can consistently follow it,” emphasizes John Sivenpiper of the University of Toronto in Canada. Scientists also note the need for high physical activity to reduce body weight Fasting Another study on nutrition in diabetes, conducted by Canadian scientists. They concluded that short-term fasting can help get rid of type 2 diabetes and restore the normal functioning of the insulin system.”Our experiences show that intermittent food withdrawal is a very effective and even desirable strategy for avoiding insulin and medication,” writes Suleiman Furmli of the University of Toronto in BMJ Case Reports. In the experiment, two patients were fasting every other day. and the third – for three days. They followed this regimen for ten months. After 30 days, the patients stopped taking insulin and antidiabetic drugs, and their levels of insulin and glucose in their blood fell to almost normal levels.After a few months, all three were able to lose 10 to 18 percent of their weight. Scientists emphasize the need for further research on the effectiveness of short-term fasting in the fight against diabetes. The problem of diabetes According to WHO statistics, there are 347 million people with diabetes in the world. About every 9 out of 10 diabetics suffer from type II disease, which occurs as a result of an increase in the body’s insulin resistance. By 2030, diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death worldwide.The health problems of a diabetic are often associated with obesity. Extra pounds, on the one hand, leads to the development of a disease of the second type, and the acquisition of the disease itself, as well as drugs that lower blood glucose levels, contribute to its maintenance and accelerate the set of extra pounds.
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MOSCOW, April 13 – RIA Novosti. Eating low-carbohydrate breakfast foods with high-fat foods can help avoid surges in blood sugar during the day in people with type 2 diabetes. This conclusion was reached by a Canadian scientific group, reports the Medical Xpress portal.
Experts from the University of British Columbia compared the effects of two different types of breakfast – omelet and oatmeal with fruit.For two days, scientists recorded blood sugar levels in patients whose diet differed only in this meal.
November 14, 2018, 18:05 ScienceMoscow’s chief endocrinologist dispelled myths about diabetes food.
“We expected a breakfast of up to ten percent carbohydrates to prevent this jump, but the overall effect of glucose control and stability came as a surprise to us,” says co-author Jonathan Little.
Previously, scientists found that the transition to liquid food helps diabetics to reduce body weight, as well as get rid of high blood pressure and improve metabolism.
As stated in an article for Diabetes Care, eating this way can help you lose about 2.4 kilograms compared to a normal low-calorie diet.
18 January 2019, 08:00 Science On the hook. Scientists told the truth about sugar and its substitutes
The scientific team analyzed over two thousand papers on diabetes and diet.Particular attention was paid to “liquid” diets, according to which, instead of solid foods, instant mixtures are used, containing the same amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and other nutrients.
This nutritional system not only helps to lose weight, but also lowers blood pressure, as well as the level of glucose and insulin in the blood.
“Of course, you don’t have to think that this is the most ideal diet – it certainly doesn’t exist. It’s not the type of diet that matters, but whether you can follow it consistently,” emphasizes John Sivenpiper of the University of Toronto in Canada.
Scientists also note the need for high physical activity to reduce body weight.
March 20, 2019, 09:04 Science Siberian scientists create an alternative to the imported diabetes diagnosis system
Another study on diabetes nutrition was conducted by Canadian scientists. They concluded that short-term fasting can help get rid of type 2 diabetes and restore the normal functioning of the insulin system.
“Our experience shows that intermittent food withdrawal is a very effective and even desirable strategy for avoiding insulin and medication,” writes Suleiman Furmli of the University of Toronto in BMJ Case Reports.
During the experiment, two patients fasted every other day, and the third – for three days. They adhered to this regime for ten months.
Within 30 days, the patients stopped taking insulin and antidiabetic drugs, and the level of insulin and glucose in their blood fell to almost normal levels. After a few months, all three were able to lose ten to 18 percent of their weight.
Scientists emphasize the need for further research on the effectiveness of short-term fasting in the fight against diabetes.
December 21, 2018, 14:02 About every 9 out of 10 diabetics suffer from type II disease, which occurs as a result of an increase in the body’s insulin resistance. By 2030, diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death worldwide.
Health problems in diabetic patients are often associated with obesity.Extra pounds, on the one hand, leads to the development of a disease of the second type, and the acquisition of the disease itself, as well as drugs that lower blood glucose levels, contribute to its maintenance and accelerate the set of extra pounds.
15 January 2019, 22:00
With diabetes, you need to forget about sweets.
Diabetes mellitus is an incurable disease, which is based on a deficiency of the hormone insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the cells are immune to this hormone (type 2 diabetes), as a result of which the blood sugar level rises sharply.
If this process is not controlled, sugar will slowly but surely destroy the human body.
With type 1 diabetes mellitus, a person cannot do without insulin injections. It is also important to learn how to control your intake of foods containing carbohydrates in order to keep your blood sugar level within optimal limits, avoiding its sharp drops.
For convenience, calculations are carried out in grain units (XE). One XE = 10 grams of carbohydrates.
How much XE can be consumed by a person without harm to health per day should be determined by an endocrinologist.As a rule, this indicator is in the range of 18-24 XE. The daily allowance should be divided into 5-6 meals: 3-4 XE for breakfast, lunch and dinner, plus 1-2 small snacks. At the same time, it is forbidden to eat more than 7 XE at a time.
With diabetes mellitus of the second type, especially when it is mild, the diet is more like the usual proper nutrition, which will not be superfluous for everyone, even healthy people.
It is recommended to refrain from fatty, fried, salty and smoked foods, as well as canned food, fast food, foods containing trans fats, sugary juices and carbonated drinks.
Additional restrictions specific to diabetes include any sweets, pastries, semolina, sweet fruits (watermelon, grapes, figs), dried fruits. You should also limit the consumption of potatoes and beets.
Many newly diagnosed diabetics are actively looking for substitutes for conventional desserts, tasting foods labeled “sugar-free” such as biscuits, candy, yoghurts, ice cream and chocolate.
Read labels carefully! As a rule, these foods are very high in calories.
Cookies without sugar, but with margarine – this is a harmful product. Fructose, which is often used as a sugar substitute in the manufacture of products for diabetics, is a controversial product that should not be consumed uncontrollably.
Try to keep your food as varied and balanced as possible. Look for new recipes and come up with them yourself using approved products, of which, by the way, there are many.
First courses for diabetes
People with diabetes mellitus benefit from low-calorie soups cooked in vegetable broth.It is not often possible to cook first courses in fat-free meat broth, but in this case, the first water after boiling must be drained, and the soup must be cooked in the “second” water.
Soups based on pumpkin, carrots and broccoli also help to diversify the diabetic’s diet.
Pea pre-soup with meatballs
You will need: about 150 grams of peas, 200 grams of low-fat minced meat, half a small onion, 1 carrot, 1 egg, salt, turmeric and pepper to taste.
The peas must first be soaked overnight, then drain off the remaining water, rinse and, pouring a liter of water, put on a small fire.
After 40-45 minutes, add chopped carrots and onions, salt to taste, after another 15-20 minutes, grind the soup to a puree state and add the meatballs, for which you mix the minced meat, egg, salt and pepper.
Boil for another 15 minutes, add turmeric and herbs before turning off.
One of the delicious and healthy recipes is vegetable puree soup with mushrooms.
Vegetable puree soup with mushrooms
You will need: 200 grams of mushrooms, zucchini, carrots, cauliflower, onions, dill, parsley, vegetable oil, salt.
Chop the onion and mushrooms and lightly fry in vegetable oil. Pour vegetables with water, salt and cook until half cooked.
Grate the soup until puree, add mushrooms and onions, trying to get as little oil as possible into the pan, boil for 10 minutes, add herbs before switching off or directly into a plate.
Second courses for diabetes
Boiled or baked fish, lean meat (baked or steamed), casseroles and stews will be very appropriate as second courses for diabetes.
You will need: 400 grams of minced chicken fillet, 100 ml of medium fat cream, 1 egg, salt. Prepare the minced meat.
Mix the yolks and cream. Whisk the whites.
Mix everything, salt to taste and bake in an oven preheated to 180 degrees or steamed for 45 minutes.
Cauliflower with garlic
To prepare this dish, take a small head of cauliflower, bell pepper – 1 pc., Chopped garlic – 2 cloves, 1 tbsp.l. olive oil, 1 tbsp. l. roasted sesame seeds, pepper, salt and herbs to taste.
It is necessary to disassemble the cauliflower into inflorescences and boil in boiling water for 2-3 minutes, discard it in a colander and cool, then simmer all the ingredients in a lidded pan for a few minutes, before being ready to sprinkle with herbs.
Stuffed peppers can be prepared as a second course.
For the preparation of dietary stuffed peppers, you will need minced meat made from lean meats, bell peppers, a small amount of rice, tomatoes, carrots, onions, vegetable broth, garlic (optional), vegetable oil, herbs, salt and pepper to taste.
Mix the minced meat with pre-boiled rice, salt, pepper and herbs. Fill pre-peeled peppers with this mixture.
Stew the onions, carrots and tomatoes, salt and pepper this mixture, add garlic to it if desired.
Add water or vegetable broth, put stuffed peppers in a saucepan and simmer over low heat for 40-50 minutes.
Diabetes Festive Dishes
Diabetes does not have weekends and holidays, and therefore it is important to follow all the basic recommendations at the festive table: do not overeat and eat only dishes made from permitted products.You can pamper yourself with an original dish that will not harm your health.
Take 100 grams of shrimp, 200 grams of carrots and tomatoes, 150 grams of cucumbers, 50 grams of green peas, lettuce, dill, half a glass of kefir or Greek yogurt, 1 tbsp. l. lemon juice, a little salt.
Cut cucumbers and carrots, tomatoes into cubes into strips, mix, add boiled and peeled shrimps. Season with salt, season with yogurt and lemon juice.Put lettuce leaves on the bottom of the salad bowl, on them – shrimp with vegetables, decorate with herbs on top.
Chicken and avocado salad
To prepare the salad, take 300 grams of chicken fillet, half a cucumber, avocado, apple, 50 grams of watercress and spinach, 3 tbsp. l. Greek yogurt, olive oil, juice of half a lemon.
Bake the chicken fillet in the oven and chop.
Add chopped cucumber, avocado, apple, watercress and spinach, season with salt and pepper, season with olive oil, lemon juice and yogurt.
As you can see, diet meals can be original and quite tasty.
Perhaps, at first, healthy food will not have such a rich taste for you as usual dishes, especially if in your “previous” life, before diabetes, you liked to eat fast food and other unhealthy foods with a rich taste.
Do not worry, over time your taste buds will again learn to taste food without flavor enhancers, flavors and other chemicals.
Take care of yourself and be healthy!
90,000 the doctor named the worst breakfast for diabetics
Date of publication: August 7, 2021
Nutritionist Jenna Hope shares her experience in choosing sugar breakfast options that can increase blood glucose levels. If you have type 2 diabetes, this may be the worst breakfast option for you.
“Low-fat flavored yoghurts often have higher sugar concentrations,” Hope warned.”When fats are removed from a food, it can affect the taste, and therefore sugar is often added to preserve the taste and taste.”
If you’re a big fan of yogurt in the morning, Hope recommends opting for fatty Greek yogurt to help control your blood sugar.
Some people love muesli, a popular choice from a range of cereals in the supermarket. However, Hope noted that “some muesli stores contain large amounts of added sugars or syrups.”
Check your favorite breakfast cereals for added sugar, or try making your own.
Hope also suggests choosing cereals, muesli, which have more nuts and seeds than dried fruit.
“Choosing foods high in nuts and seeds is also a great way to increase your intake of fiber, healthy fats and proteins,” said Hope.
When talking about cereals, Hope advises choosing cereals with less than 5 grams of sugar per 100 grams.
The doctor added that flavored milk can also contain a lot of sugar, so adding it to your breakfast cereal may not be a smart move.
What about crumpets and jam? Hope warns that this could lead to a spike and drop in blood sugar levels.
“When your blood sugar drops, you are much more likely to eat sugary foods, and even more,” she warned.
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Proper nutrition for diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is a fairly common disease of the endocrine system, which is caused by a deficiency in the body of the pancreatic hormone insulin.Due to a deficiency of insulin in the blood of a patient with diabetes mellitus, the glucose content increases, this leads to a general metabolic disorder and to a gradual damage to many functional systems of the body. Nutrition for diabetes mellitus is one of the most important therapeutic methods, because it is with the help of proper nutrition that you can normalize the patient’s blood sugar level, which ensures the normalization of other metabolic processes and improves the general condition of the patient: his efficiency increases, vitality, and the feeling that is usual with diabetes decreases thirst.
Nutritional rules for a patient with diabetes
A patient with diabetes mellitus must strictly adhere to certain dietary rules.
It is necessary to take food 5-6 times a day, in small portions. Such nutrition in diabetes mellitus ensures a more even absorption of carbohydrates by the body, and the level of glucose in the blood will not rise too sharply.
In order to make it easier to regulate the patient’s blood sugar and calculate the required dose of insulin, the nutrition of patients with diabetes should be carried out strictly at the same time.
Many foods for diabetes mellitus should be completely excluded from the diet. These include all confectionery, grapes, preserves and jams, and other foods that raise blood sugar levels.
The diet of the patient must include foods rich in fiber. These are vegetables, cereals, flour products. These foods do not raise blood sugar levels.
When preparing food for diabetes mellitus, the amount of fat should be limited.It is desirable to use 3/4 vegetable fats and 1/4 animals in the daily diet.
The patient’s daily caloric intake should be the same from day to day, especially when the required dose of insulin is being selected. It is also important when organizing food for diabetes mellitus to maintain the same calorie content in the same meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, etc.).
Nutritional features in diabetes
Proper nutrition in diabetes mellitus is a vital necessity.The composition of the food is also important, the patient must be given a list of permitted and prohibited foods by the attending physician, which must be taken into account when compiling a diet for diabetes mellitus.
It is necessary to strictly take into account the calorie content of the food consumed by the patient when making up the diet. With this disease, the general metabolism is disrupted, and the risk of obesity is greatly increased. Therefore, organizing meals for diabetes mellitus, the menu should be designed so that the patient consumes no more calories than he spends in a day.
In diabetes mellitus, nutrition is calculated in bread units. One bread unit contains 12 grams of glucose; in total, a patient with diabetes should receive from 18 to 24 bread units per day. Their distribution is also very important. 9-10 units should come in the first breakfast, 6-7 units should be received at lunch, second breakfast and afternoon tea should contain no more than 2 units, and dinner should be 3-4 bread units.
What to eat when overweight
If the patient is overweight, then when planning meals for diabetes mellitus recipes, you need to choose a reduced calorie content.It is good to include in the patient’s menu such vegetables as cabbage (you can use both fresh and sauerkraut), spinach, green peas, lettuce, tomatoes and cucumbers. These vegetables can help reduce hunger. To support the functions of the liver, which usually suffers from this disease, medical nutrition for diabetes should contain cottage cheese, oatmeal, soy and other foods with lipotropic factors. It is necessary to limit the use of meat and fish broths, as well as fried foods.
When planning meals for diabetes mellitus, foods allowed should be introduced into the diet in such a way that the patient receives the required daily intake of proteins, carbohydrates and fats.It is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of vitamins. It will be useful for a patient with diabetes mellitus to take rosehip broth, baker’s and brewer’s yeast, be sure to use fresh fruits. On the recommendation of the attending physician, you can use vitamin preparations.
The diet for diabetes mellitus does not provide for the use of muffins, confectionery, honey, sweets, chocolate, ice cream. Spicy, spicy, salty snacks, smoked meats, lamb and pork fat, alcohol, raisins, grapes and bananas are also prohibited.
Nutrition for diabetes mellitus, the initial form or mild form, may contain a small amount of sugar, but only with the permission of the attending physician.
Recommended products and dishes:
Black bread should be used. Small amounts of white bread are acceptable.
Cook soups with vegetable broth; use of weak meat and fish broths is permissible 1-2 times a week.
Meat, poultry, fish of low-fat varieties can be eaten boiled or in the form of aspic.
Eat up to 1 kg of vegetables per day, raw, baked or boiled. When planning a meal for diabetes, the menu should include vegetables such as white cabbage and cauliflower, cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, and zucchini. Beets, potatoes and carrots can be consumed no more than 200g per day.
Berries and fruits can be consumed up to 200g per day, mainly oranges, lemons, apples, cranberries and red currants. You can cook compotes with xylitol or sorbitol.
The use of cereals in the form of separate dishes or side dishes, with obesity concomitant with diabetes mellitus, should be limited.
Eggs can be consumed no more than 2 pieces a day, adding to other dishes, boiled soft-boiled or in the form of an omelet.
Dairy products should be consumed: yogurt, milk, kefir cottage cheese, both in natural form and in the form of puddings, cheesecakes, etc. Fatty dairy products: cheese, sour cream, fat cottage cheese can be eaten in limited quantities.
From drinks we recommend tea (with milk), weak coffee, tomato juice, freshly prepared fruit and berry juices.Juices made from blueberries, blackberries, citrus fruits, pumpkin, cherries, black and red currants, gooseberries and raspberries are especially suitable for nutrition in diabetes mellitus.
Limit fats to 40 g per day, using both for cooking and in free form. You can eat and butter and vegetable oils.
Products containing a large amount of easily digestible carbohydrates are strictly prohibited: honey, jam, sugar, melons, watermelons, grapes, raisins, apricots, pears, and alcoholic beverages.
Difference in nutrition for type 1 and type 2 diabetes
When a person is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or type 1 diabetes, the diet that is prescribed to the patient has a number of common goals. Diet food is designed to eliminate the symptoms of high blood sugar in the patient’s blood, minimize the risk of hypoglycemia, and also serve as prevention of various complications. However, the methods of treating insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus are different.
In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the goal of nutrition is the normalization of body weight, which is achieved by reducing the daily calorie content of food and increasing physical activity.
Type 1 diabetes occurs due to the death of beta cells in the pancreas, which provokes insulin deficiency in the body. Treatment without fail includes insulin replacement therapy, and nutrition for type 1 diabetes mellitus serves as an auxiliary tool for correcting and controlling insulin production in the body.
Type 1 diabetes food may contain foods such as meat, poultry, seafood, fish, cottage cheese, cheese, eggs and other protein products, depending on appetite and dietary habits.These foods do not need to be limited, they do not have the ability to raise blood sugar levels. The restriction of protein foods and fats, when it is necessary to provide nutrition in type 2 diabetes, is caused by their increased calorie content.
For type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus, the diet should take into account the amount of carbohydrates that the patient receives at each meal. This is not the case for vegetables, because although vegetables contain carbohydrates, they do not raise blood sugar levels.
Diet food for type 1 diabetes mellitus, like type 2, implies strict accounting of the following products:
Diet number 9 – with diabetes mellitus
- Indications for diet No. 9
This diet is used in the treatment of diseases such as mild and moderate type 2 diabetes mellitus, joint diseases, a large group of allergic diseases (bronchial asthma, etc.).
- Purpose of diet No. 9
Creation of conditions conducive to the normalization of carbohydrate metabolism, determination of the patient’s tolerance to carbohydrates.
Details: Nutritional therapy for diabetes mellitus.
- General characteristics of the diet No. 9
Diet with energy value, moderately reduced due to easily digestible carbohydrates and animal fats, with the exclusion of sugar and sweets and the use of xylitol and sorbitol. With a physiological norm of vitamins and minerals. Exclude sugar, jams, confectionery and other foods that contain a lot of sugar.
Sugar is replaced by sugar substitutes: xylitol, sorbitol, aspartame.
Culinary processing is varied: boiling, stewing, baking and frying without breading.
Food intake 5-6 times a day.
In obese patients with diabetes mellitus, nutritional therapy coincides with the treatment of obese patients. Diet No. 8.
- Chemical composition and energy value of diet No. 9
Proteins 100 g, fats 70-80 g (of which 25 g are vegetable), carbohydrates 300 g mainly due to complex, simple carbohydrates are excluded or severely limited; calorie content 2300 kcal; retinol 0.3 mg, carotene 12 mg, thiamine 1.5 mg, riboflavin 2.1 mg, nicotinic acid 18 mg, ascorbic acid 100 mg; sodium 3.7 g, potassium 4 g, calcium 0.8 g, phosphorus 1.3 g, iron 15 mg.Free liquid 1.5 l.
- Recommended foods and dishes for diet No. 9
- Bread and bakery products – mainly of whole grain or with addition of bran; diabetic breads: protein-bran, protein-wheat.
- Soups – mostly vegetarian or based on bone broth from prefabricated vegetables, borscht, pickles, okroshka, beans (once or twice a week in meat or fish broth).
- Meat and poultry dishes – lean meats and poultry – beef, lamb, pork, chicken, turkey, rabbit in boiled, jellied, baked form (once a week allowed in fried form).Goose, duck, internal organs of animals, brains are not recommended.
- Sausages – low fat.
- Fish dishes – various sea and river fish – cod, navaga, ice, pike perch, pike mainly in boiled, aspic, baked form.
- Vegetables, greens – cauliflower and white cabbage, leafy salad, eggplant, zucchini, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumbers, tomatoes, green peas, beans, beans, lentils, bell peppers, onions, beets, carrots, parsley, dill, celery, extragon , cilantro.Potatoes are limited.
- Dishes of berries and fruits – unsweetened varieties of berries and fruits: apples, pears, quince, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, pomegranate, cherries, plums, peaches, currants, lingonberries, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries, rowan in raw, dried form, in the form of compotes, jelly, jelly without added sugar, using sweeteners. Bananas, figs are not recommended, grapes, raisins are limited.
- Dishes from cereals, pasta – oatmeal, buckwheat, “hercules”, millet, dietetic pasta with the inclusion of bran, in the form of various cereals, casseroles, taking into account the total amount of carbohydrates in the diet.
- Egg dishes – one egg a day, soft-boiled or in the form of an omelet, scrambled eggs, to be added to dishes.
- Dairy products – mostly fat-free or low-fat – fresh cottage cheese or in the form of cheese cakes, puddings, curds (without added sugar), kefir, yogurt, milk, cheese, cream, low-fat butter.
- Confectionery – only dietary with sweeteners (biscuits, biscuits, waffles on xylitol, marmalade, sweets with sweeteners).
- Fats – butter (peasant), sandwich margarine, sunflower, corn, olive oil in natural form.
- Drinks – tea, milk tea, coffee drink, tomato juice, sugar-free fruit and berry juices, rosehip decoction, sugar-free soft drinks, mineral water.
- Snacks – salads, vinaigrette, aspic low-fat fish and meat, soaked herring, cheese, low-fat sausage, vegetable caviar.
- Excluded foods and meals for diet # 9
- Sugar, sweets, chocolate, confectionery with added sugar, muffins, pies, jam, ice cream and other sweets.
- Bread dough products.
- Goose, duck, smoked meats, salted fish.
- Baked milk, cream, fermented baked milk, sweet yogurt, ayran.
- Meat and cooking fats.
- Strong and fatty broths.
- Dairy cheeses, cream, sweet curd snacks.
- Fatty meats, fish, poultry, sausages, salted fish.
- Rice, semolina, pasta.
- Salted and pickled vegetables. Pickled and sauerkraut.
- Spicy, spicy, smoked snacks, mustard, pepper.
- Grapes, raisins, figs, bananas and other sweet fruits.
- Juices and fruit waters with added sugar.
- Alcoholic drinks.
- Approximate one-day diet menu No. 9 for patients with diabetes mellitus
Insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes
In modern diabetology, the generally accepted method of treating patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus is intensive insulin therapy, which means a regimen of multiple insulin injections that mimic its physiological (normal) secretion by the pancreas.
The principles of intensive insulin therapy are formulated as follows:
• the need for insulin, corresponding to its basal (background) secretion, is provided by injections of medium-acting insulin;
• Nutritional (so-called “bolus”) insulin requirement, which ensures the absorption of carbohydrates from food, is replaced by injections of short-acting insulin, which is administered before each meal, taking into account the content of digestible carbohydrates in it, as well as taking into account the level of glycemia.
By the name of the two main components of intensive insulin therapy, it is called base-bolus.
There are different options for intensive insulin therapy, but two of them are most common:
1) short-acting insulins are administered before the main meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner), and medium-acting insulins – before breakfast and before bedtime;
2) short-acting insulins are administered before main meals, and medium-acting insulins are administered only before bedtime.
The ratio of short to medium acting insulin is approximately 65 – 70 and 30 – 35%, respectively. With double injections of insulin with an average duration of action, 2/3 of its daily dose is administered in the morning, 1/3 – in the evening. Short-acting insulin doses depend on the amount of digestible carbohydrates consumed with meals (see Chapter 4). Therefore, the recommendations in the literature on the distribution of this insulin by meals are not only indicative, but also contradictory.Thus, Russian diabetologists propose the following distribution of short-acting insulin: about 25% of the dose is allocated for dinner, and the remaining dose is distributed approximately equally (that is, 35-38% each) for breakfast and lunch. Foreign diabetologists recommend the following approximate distribution of the daily dose of “short” insulin by meals: 40% – before breakfast, 30% – before lunch and dinner.
When type 1 diabetes mellitus is detected, patients are prescribed insulin at a dose of 0.5 U per 1 kg of body weight per day; in case of unsatisfactory diabetes compensation – up to 0.7 – 0.8 U / kg, but if necessary, the dose can be increased to 1 U or more per 1 kg of body weight.However, doses of more than 1 U / kg can lead to an overdose of insulin and, as a rule, this is evident from the symptoms of hypoglycemia that have arisen.
An example of the distribution of insulin doses recommended by Russian diabetologists during the day for a patient whose need for insulin is 35 U per day:
– in the morning before breakfast, 9 U of “short” insulin and 8 U of medium-acting insulin;
– before lunch 9 units of “short” insulin;
– before dinner 5 U of “short” insulin;
– at night 4 units of insulin of medium duration.
Under the control of fasting glycemia, the dose of insulin of average duration of action administered before bedtime should be specified, and the dose of this insulin administered before breakfast should be specified according to the level of glycemia before lunch. The dose of short-acting insulin is adjusted according to postprandial blood glucose monitoring.
With intensive (base-bolus) insulin therapy, the patient must several times a day (at least 4 – 5 times) to determine the level of glycemia and know how many digestible carbohydrates the food he intends to eat contains.This condition, which at first complicates the patient’s life somewhat and requires his training, is compensated by the fact that in the future he will be able to freely change both the composition of food and the time of its intake, switch to the so-called “liberalized” (free, without special restrictions) diet, flexibly plan at your own discretion sports activities and the entire daily routine.
It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that only intensive insulin therapy does not reduce all the problems facing patients with diabetes mellitus.It is necessary to take concurrent medications and other therapeutic measures that normalize blood pressure, lipid metabolism and other factors that contribute to the development of chronic complications of diabetes mellitus.
Traditional insulin therapy. Until the 90s of the XX century, great importance was attached to prolonged (prolonged) action insulin preparations in order to reduce the number of injections up to a single morning administration of the drug over a long duration. However, it was found that such insulin therapy does not provide compensation for type 1 diabetes mellitus.This variant of insulin therapy is called “traditional”, which has its advantages and disadvantages, which are discussed below.
The main feature of traditional insulin therapy is the lack of adjustment of the insulin dose to the level of glycemia, which changes throughout the day depending on food intake and physical activity. Compared with intensive insulin therapy, with the traditional one – the daily routine, diet and physical activity of the patient are adapted to the pre-prescribed scheme of insulin administration and become mandatory.
In traditional insulin therapy, it is convenient to use standard mixtures of short-acting insulin and NPH-insulin of medium duration, i.e. mixed (combined) insulins. An example is the following scheme: if the daily insulin requirement for a patient is 35 U, then 2/3 of this dose (24 U) is used in the morning before breakfast, and 1/3 (11 U) – in the evening before dinner in the form of a standard mixture with an insulin ratio short and medium duration of action, respectively, 30 and 70%, i.e.e. mixed insulin 30/70. Note that mixed insulins can have other proportions, and the patient can prepare the mixture for injection himself according to the method described above. In addition, it is often better to do more than one evening injection with a standard or self-prepared mixture, but inject short-acting insulin before dinner, and medium-acting insulin at night.
In traditional insulin therapy, two injections of medium-acting insulin, providing about 70% of the total insulin dose, maintain a constant high level of insulin in the blood.But this level is not adapted to meals. Therefore, in order to avoid hypoglycemia, frequent meals are needed: 3 main meals and 2 – 3 intermediate ones. Consequently, the patient is “tied” to the diet, because if he does not eat, hypoglycemia will develop.
The situation is different with intensive insulin therapy. The patient may skip or tolerate meals. At the same time, he simply will not make injections of fast or short-acting insulin, and a small morning dose of medium-acting insulin, which provides basal (background) insulin secretion, will not lead to hypoglycemia.
Only the patient himself can finally decide which method of insulin therapy – intensive or traditional – he should choose. To some extent, generalized data on the advantages and disadvantages of these methods of insulin administration can help in the choice.
Benefits of intensive insulin therapy:
• the most effective normalization of blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels;
• the most significant (by 55 – 75%) prevention of chronic (late) complications of diabetes mellitus and a slowdown in the rate of progression of complications that have already arisen;
• The time and composition of food intake, physical activity, and the entire daily routine are changed at the discretion of the patient, which improves the quality of life.
Disadvantages of intensive insulin therapy:
• the need for constant and frequent (up to 5 – 6 times a day) self-monitoring of glycemic levels, which requires training and additional costs;
• frequent increase in the frequency of mild hypoglycemic reactions caused by insufficient control of the glycemic level.
Advantages of traditional insulin therapy :
• relative ease of administration, usually easily understood by the patient and his relatives;
• the amount of skills that the patient must possess is significantly less than with intensive insulin therapy;
• there is no need for frequent, several times a day, monitoring of blood glucose levels.
Disadvantages of traditional insulin therapy:
• poor compensation of diabetes mellitus due to the extreme difficulty of maintaining glycemia within physiological fluctuations;
• significantly less possibility of preventing the development and progression of chronic complications of diabetes mellitus;
• An almost constant increase in the level of insulin in the blood often leads to hypoglycemia, especially at night, contributes to an increase in body weight, is a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and arterial hypertension;
• strict daily routine with frequent (5 – 6 times a day) obligatory meals to prevent hypoglycemic conditions, strict “linking” the diet to the dose and time of insulin administration, limiting the possibility of playing sports.
American endocrinologist D. Skyler emphasizes the unconditional benefit of intensive insulin therapy in the treatment of type 1 diabetes, but subject to the following rules.
1. It is necessary to outline the desired levels of fasting and after meals and try to maintain them. These levels are outlined strictly individually. For patients who well recognize the approach of hypoglycemia and in whom it quickly passes on their own or after taking glucose, it is possible to outline the level of fasting glycemia, close to the level in healthy people.The projected fasting glycemic levels should be higher in patients who do not feel hypoglycemia imminent or require glucagon administration.
2. To approach physiological fluctuations in the level of glycemia, the following insulin therapy regimens should be selected:
• short-acting insulin is injected before each meal, and to create a basal hormone level, insulin of medium duration of action is injected once a day (before bedtime) or 2 times a day before breakfast and before bedtime;
• short-acting insulin is administered before each meal; to create a basal hormone level, long-acting insulin is administered 1 or 2 times a day.
3. It is necessary to maintain a balance between insulin doses, nutrition and physical activity. Patients or their relatives should be able to use data on the content of carbohydrates in different foods, their energy value and interchangeability. It is advisable to develop, together with the doctor, an approximate individual nutritional plan. Consideration should be given to the effect of exercise on insulin and carbohydrate requirements.
4. It is necessary to be able to independently control the level of glucose in the blood:
• every day, 4 – 5 times a day (before each meal and before bedtime), the patient must determine the concentration of glucose in capillary blood from a finger using test strips or a glucometer;
• Once every 1 – 2 weeks, and whenever the dose of insulin given before bedtime changes, the glycemic level should be determined between 2 and 4 am.With the same frequency, determine the level of glycemia after eating;
• The results of all measurements, all insulin doses and personal feelings (for example, signs of hypoglycemia) should be recorded in a diary.
5. You need to know how to independently change the scheme of insulin therapy and diet, depending on the level of glucose in the blood and lifestyle. Correction of the insulin therapy regimen includes a change in insulin doses, the ratio of drugs of different duration of action.
Reasons for changes in insulin therapy and diet:
• increase or decrease in daily blood glucose: you can increase or decrease
total daily dose of insulin;
• forthcoming additional food intake, for example, if the patient goes to visit;
• forthcoming physical activity;
• long-distance trip;
• concomitant diseases; strong experiences.Russian endocrinologists academician I.I.Dedov and V.V.
Fadeev believe that in case of type 1 diabetes mellitus, intensive insulin therapy is always shown in principle. If a woman with type 1 diabetes used traditional insulin therapy before pregnancy, then during pregnancy she should switch to intensive insulin therapy. According to these endocrinologists, the traditional administration of insulin in type 1 diabetes is indicated only when intensive insulin therapy is no longer appropriate or impossible, for example, in mental illness, in old age, as well as in patients who need constant outside care.
• Let us highlight the issue of the use of new fast and ultrashort acting insulins (lispro or acnapm) in intensive insulin therapy.
It is considered most appropriate to control the level of glycemia before meals in order to adjust the dose of these insulins both to the level of glucose in the blood and to the content of carbohydrates in the intended food.
Limited nutrition diabetes mellitus and adherence to body weight: therapeutic diet and nutrition for diabetes mellitus.
In diabetes mellitus, it is important to observe proper nutrition Diabetes mellitus , according to some experts, can be cured not with the help of a therapeutic diet, but to remove the damage to the pancreas so that it converts sugar into glucose.
At the same time, in the practice of treatment, recommendations have been developed related to nutrition in diabetes mellitus. The main and unconditional nutritional condition is compliance with the established endocrinologist nutritional status.
So, how to organize food in diabetes mellitus. The recommended by experts approximate diet for diabetes mellitus in the layout for the days of the week is as follows:
Monday: 1st breakfast – salad, kashagercules milk without sugar, coffee with milk without sugar, cheese
2nd breakfast: cottage cheese, tea without sugar
Lunch: salad, vegetarian pickle, boiled meat with buckwheat porridge, sugar-free compote
Afternoon snack: apple
Dinner: boiled fish with boiled grated beetroot, seasoned with lemon juice, sugar-free rosehip decoction
Before going to bed: kefir (yogurt).
Correct power supply. Diabetes mellitus – menu for Tuesday.
1st breakfast – salad, buckwheat porridge, tovorog, tea with milk without sugar
2nd breakfast – cabbage cutlets, sugarless tea
Lunch: salad, vegetarian cabbage soup with sour cream, boiled chicken with stewed vegetables, sugar-free compote
Afternoon snack: orange
Dinner: meat cutlets baked with stewed cabbage, rosehip broth without sugar
Before going to bed: curdled milk
For diabetics, regimen and proper nutrition .Diabetes mellitus – Wednesday menu.
1st breakfast – boiled sausage with stewed cabbage, coffee with milk without sugar
2nd breakfast – squash caviar, sugar-free tea
Lunch: salad, pea soup with secondary meat broth, meat goulash with buckwheat porridge, baked apple
Afternoon snack: cottage cheese, rosehip decoction
Dinner: carrot casserole with cottage cheese and cream, sugar-free compote
Before going to bed: fermented baked milk
Proper nutrition. Diabetes mellitus – menu for thursday
1st breakfast: herring soaked with vinaigrette, tea with sugar-free milk, cheese or boiled sausage
2nd breakfast – cottage cheese, tea without sugar
Lunch: salad, vegetarian borscht with sour cream, meatballs with stewed carrots, fruit jelly without sugar
Afternoon snack: fruit
Dinner: cabbage casserole with meat, decoction without sugar
Before going to bed: kefir
Proper nutrition.Diabetes mellitus – menu for Friday
1st breakfast: natural omelet, baked with green peas, milk tea without sugar
2nd breakfast – mild cheese, tea without sugar
Lunch: salad, vegetable soup in secondary meat broth, meat stew with buckwheat porridge, sugar-free compote
Afternoon snack: baked apple
Dinner: boiled fish with stewed carrots, sugar-free rosehip decoction
Before going to bed: curdled milk
Correct power supply.Diabetes mellitus – Saturday menu
1st breakfast: jellied meat with vegetable salad, coffee with milk without sugar
2nd breakfast – cottage cheese with milk
Lunch: salad, vegetarian cabbage soup with sour cream, boiled fish, lemon jelly
Afternoon snack: fruit
Dinner: stuffed cabbage rolls with meat and rice, rosehip decoction without sugar
Before going to bed: kefir
What should be the food. Diabetes mellitus – menu for Sunday
1st breakfast: buckwheat or oatmeal porridge, boiled beets, grated with lemon, coffee with milk without sugar
2nd breakfast – cottage cheese with milk
Lunch: jellied fish, vegetarian beetroot with sour cream, boiled ragout with stewed cabbage, fruit jelly without sugar
Afternoon snack: fruit
Dinner: meat salad with vegetable oil, carrot cutlets, sugar-free rosehip decoction
Before going to bed: fermented baked milk
Nutrition for diabetes mellitus also includes black bread up to 100-120g per day, coffee and tea should be weakly brewed.It is advisable to include meat in the menu no more than once a day, and to compensate for the missing amount of proteins at the expense of fermented milk products.
wine from grape juice
Nutrition for diabetes mellitus – recipes on poldnika.net
Therapeutic nutrition of patients with diabetes mellitus is aimed at normalizing metabolism and, first of all, improving the absorption of carbohydrates by the body.
Treating diabetes is extremely difficult. When appointing it, it is necessary to take into account each time not the disease, but the patient’s condition and the special course of his illness.
The main method of treatment is diet therapy. Patients with diabetes should not consume excessive amounts of protein, because about half of them is converted into carbohydrates, part – into ketone bodies. A large amount of protein is found in meat, fish, cottage cheese, milk and other dairy products.
The dietary regimen of patients with diabetes mellitus requires accurate accounting of the amount of carbohydrates in the food.Almost all foods can be divided into three types: almost free of carbohydrates, low in carbohydrates, and high in them.
The former include meat and fish products (except for liver), eggs, fats, green vegetables (cabbage, tomatoes, lettuce, etc.). The second group includes dairy products, various vegetables, many berries and fruits (beets, carrots, legumes, apples, etc.). The third – various products from cereals, potatoes, sweet fruits (grapes, bananas, pears).
Easily absorbable carbohydrates should be excluded from the diet or sharply limited: sugar, honey, jam, grape juice, grapes, sweets, sugary drinks.Flour dishes and products containing starch are somewhat limited and strictly dosed. Potatoes and legumes are also limited. Alcoholic drinks, even without sugar (vodka, cognac), are not recommended, as they adversely affect the function of the pancreas, liver and cardiovascular system.
In the treatment of diabetes mellitus, mineral waters are of great benefit, but preference is given to alkaline mineral waters (Borjomi, Arani, Essentuki).
Sample menu for diabetes mellitus for the week :
first breakfast – oat milk porridge, meat soufflé, tea with milk on saccharin;
second breakfast – cottage cheese with sour cream;
lunch – vegetarian vegetable soup, boiled meat with stewed cabbage, saccharin compote;
dinner – cabbage rolls stuffed with vegetables;
an hour before bedtime – boiled fish.
first breakfast – crumbly buckwheat porridge, cue ball, 1 glass of milk;
second breakfast – cottage cheese with sour cream;
lunch – borsch with sour cream, beef stroganoff, potato shore, saccharin compote;
dinner – boiled fish, stewed cabbage;
an hour before bedtime – kefir.
first breakfast – boiled tongue, buckwheat porridge, milk tea with saccharin;
second breakfast – cabbage cutlets with sour cream;
lunch – borsh with sour cream, goulash, boiled potatoes, apple compote;
dinner – cottage cheese, carrot and apple meatballs with kefir;
an hour before bedtime – rosehip decoction.
first breakfast – diabetic cheese, milk oatmeal, tea with saccharin;
second breakfast – buckwheat porridge with milk;
lunch – vegetable soup, stew of boiled meat, stewed cabbage, lemon jelly without sugar;
dinner – boiled fish, carrot shore with sour cream;
an hour before bedtime – kefir.
first breakfast – boiled rabbit with buckwheat porridge, tea with saccharin;
second breakfast – diabetic cheese with sour cream;
lunch – borsh with sour cream, boiled chicken, boiled potatoes, compote without sugar;
dinner – stewed cabbage, boiled meat;
an hour before bedtime – kefir.
first breakfast – boiled meat, buckwheat porridge, coffee with saccharin;
second breakfast – cottage cheese with sour cream;
lunch – pearl barley soup, boiled meat stew, baked apples;
dinner – boiled fish, stewed cabbage;
an hour before bedtime – kefir.
first breakfast – cheesecakes with sour cream, kefir;
second breakfast – potato cutlets with sour cream;
lunch – pickle, boiled meat, stewed cabbage, sugar-free compote;
dinner – boiled fish, carrot and apple meatballs;
an hour before bedtime – kefir.
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Prepare this hearty egg-based breakfast dish to eat on the go.There are many vegetables here and this frittata is kept in the refrigerator for a week. Depending on how much time you have, you can eat it hot or cold.
Recipe: Fritata with vegetables for breakfast (Whole30 diet)
Hot apple porridge (Whole30 diet)
This cereal-free “porridge” is made from sweet and sour Hanikrisp apples with the addition of coconut milk, cashews and ground flax seeds. The dish is rich in fiber and fits the Whole30 diet.
Recipe: Hot Apple Porridge (Whole30 Diet)
Paleo Burritos in Cabbage Leaves (Paleo Diet)
Collard greens are the main ingredient in these breakfast rolls suitable for the Paleo diet.Bacon, eggs and fresh avocado salsa wrapped in tender kale leaves; rolls can be prepared the day before serving.
Recipe: Paleo Burritos in Cabbage Leaves (Paleo Diet)
Whole Grain Breakfast Cereal
You can use the rice cooker to make a hearty and tasty porridge from 4 types of cereals.
Recipe: Whole Grain Breakfast Cereal
Double Baked Sweet Potato Breakfast (Whole30 Diet)
This dish combines all the elements of a hearty brunch – eggs, sausage and vegetables – in a compact form.
Recipe: Double Baked Sweet Potato Breakfast (Whole30 Diet)
Whole Grain Heart Fritters with Strawberry Sauce
Make a delicious breakfast that will show your family how much you love them. Heart-shaped pancakes are served with warm strawberry sauce, which is healthy and easy to prepare.
Recipe: Wholegrain Heart Fritters with Strawberry Sauce
Fried Eggs with Pumpkin
In this dish for a large group, eggs are baked on a layer of grated yellow zucchini and zucchini with a little spicy Pepper Jack cheese and green musk Luke.
Recipe: Fried Eggs with Pumpkin
Fritata with Early Greens and Asparagus
Enjoy your spring harvest with this colorful frittata. A little cheese, eggs, and salad greens are all you need to make a quick breakfast.
Recipe: Fritata with early salad greens and asparagus
Gluten-free bread casserole with raisins
This delicious and healthy dish of baked French toast is sprinkled with fresh berries.Plus it’s gluten free.
Recipe: Gluten Free Raisin Bread Casserole
Gluten Free Acai Smoothie Bowl
No wonder the smoothie bowls are so popular: this delicious version with acai berries contains fruit, cocoa powder and lots of colorful espresso tops.
Recipe: Gluten Free Acai Smoothie Bowl
Whole Grain Apple Pancakes
These pancakes use a mixture of oatmeal and whole wheat flour.Serve with apple compote made with fruit, cider and honey.
Recipe: Whole-grain pancakes with apple compote
Airy pancakes with apple and pear compote
Fruit compote, prepared in advance, makes this quick dish a great addition to any breakfast.
Recipe: Airy Pancake with Apple Pear Compote
Frittata with Potatoes and Zucchini
This simple frittata with vegetables, airy egg whites and turkey bacon is perfect for a brunch.
Recipe: Frittata with Potatoes and Zucchini
Baked Eggs with Salsa Verde
This scrambled eggs and cheese breakfast will make your morning even better. Fresh cilantro and delicate Monterey Jack cheese help tone down the pungency of Mexican tomatoes and jalapenos in salsa verde. (You can also use commercially available red or green salsa.)
Recipe: Baked Eggs with Salsa Verde
Whole Grain Apple Pancakes
Start your morning right with Ellie’s Whole Grain Pancakes full of fresh fruit.
Recipe: Whole Grain Pancakes with Apples
Vegetarian Breakfast: Broccoli Frittata, Tomato Toast and Banana Milk
Plain Cheese Frittata will be richer with broccoli; Serve with whole-grain garlic tomato croutons. For a smoothie without using a blender, simply mash a ripe banana in a glass of milk.
Recipe: Vegetarian Breakfast: Broccoli Frittata, Tomato Toast, and Banana Milk
Overnight Oatmeal: Uncooked Blueberry Almond Oatmeal
Mix the oatmeal ingredients the night before and enjoy a healthy breakfast the next morning.The dish can be eaten cold, but if you like, reheat the oatmeal in the microwave for 1 minute, after removing the lid.
Recipe: Overnight Oatmeal: Uncooked Blueberry Almond Oatmeal
Spinach and Minced Meat Casserole for Breakfast
Healthy eating doesn’t always mean using low-fat foods. The combination of regular fat cheddar and parmesan is very satisfying, so a small amount is enough for this simple casserole.
Recipe: Spinach Minced Meat Casserole for Breakfast
Tropical Oatmeal Smoothie
This tropical flavor is high in fiber (6g.per serving) thanks to fruit and oatmeal.
Recipe: Tropical Oatmeal Smoothie
Oatmeal with Spinach, Tomatoes and Feta
This hearty version of the traditional breakfast has a risotto-like texture. Serve hot or at room temperature.
Recipe: Oatmeal with Spinach, Tomatoes and Feta
Low Fat Apple Pancakes
This fiber-rich, low-fat breakfast is great for a big party.A sweet and tender casserole cooks faster than several individual pancakes. We love to sprinkle the dish with powdered sugar, but you can also use a little maple syrup.
Recipe: Low fat apple pancakes
Oatmeal with ham, scrambled eggs and cheese
Of course, oatmeal is delicious with sugar and cinnamon. But try this savory version: oatmeal paired with the classic trio of ham, eggs and cheese.
Recipe: Oatmeal with ham, scrambled eggs and cheese
French toast in a waffle iron with blueberry sauce and carrot and ginger smoothie
Prepare French toast in a waffle iron to avoid frying it in butter.Whole grain breads and homemade blueberry topping make breakfast particularly nutritious. The entire dish, including the carrot and ginger smoothie, cooks in 25 minutes.
Recipe: Waffle Maker French Toast with Blueberry Sauce and Carrot & Ginger Smoothie
Fried Zucchini with Eggs & Banana Berry Smoothie
This healthier version of pancakes uses zucchini instead of potatoes. Serve with scrambled eggs and whole wheat toast. For a drink, make a simple banana berry smoothie with frozen fruit and yogurt.
Recipe: Egg Fried Zucchini and Banana Smoothie
Low Fat Corn Muffins
Make your muffin recipe healthier with low fat buttermilk and egg whites. Orange zest and raspberries give muffins a bright color and flavor.
Recipe: Low Fat Corn Muffins
Oatmeal Casserole with Berries
This breakfast is low in calories and fat and looks very nice.Berries and almond-oatmeal topping make the dish feel like a tart, a sweet fruit cobbler – well served with Greek yogurt or milk on top.
Recipe: Oat Flake Casserole with Berries
Potato Pancakes with Parsnip
Prepare a light and crunchy hash brown with just 1 scoop of butter and a nonstick skillet.
Recipe: Potato Pancakes with Parsnips
Chocolate Banana Oatmeal with Nuts
This is not just oatmeal, but rather a dessert you eat for breakfast.It uses roasted nuts, sweet banana and chocolate chips to make it sweet yet healthy.
Recipe: Chocolate Banana Oatmeal with Nuts
Fluffy Yogurt Pancakes with Blueberry Peach Sauce
These pancakes are a cross between pancakes and pancakes; they are rich in protein, but do not contain extra calories and fat. Blueberry-peach sauce is made without added sugar: fruits and pineapple juice give it a natural sweetness.
Recipe: Puffy yogurt pancakes with blueberry-peach sauce
Diet banana smoothie
Jada De Laurentiis makes smoothies without animal milk; walnuts and almond milk provide a nutty flavor.Add some dried dates to make the smoothie sweeter.
Recipe: Diet Banana Smoothie
No sugar needed – ripe bananas give these lush and delicate gluten-free waffles a sweet taste.
Recipe: Banana Coconut Waffles
Low Carb Baked Oatmeal Granola
Chef and Athlete Eddie Jackson makes a savory version of granola with madras curry powder, almonds and 5 seeds: sunflower, pumpkin seeds, flaxseeds chia.
Recipe: Low Carb Baked Oatmeal Granola
Cherry Oatmeal Smoothie
Healthy Summer Breakfast on the Go: This sweet and sour smoothie delivers long-lasting satiety with its fiber-rich oatmeal.
Recipe: Cherry Oatmeal Smoothie
Chilaquiles Casserole with Crispy Chips, Cheese and Egg
This breakfast is inspired by the Mexican dish Chilaquiles. Baked tortilla chips, a mixture of eggs and egg whites, some spicy cheddar and Pepper Jack cheese – the casserole contains a whole bunch of flavors without excess fat.
Recipe: Chilakiles Casserole with Crispy Chips, Cheese and Egg
Whole Grain Waffles with Oatmeal
Oatmeal and whole wheat pastry flour make waffles more satisfying. Serve with fruit, yogurt, or syrup.
Recipe: Whole Grain Waffles with Oatmeal
Sweet Potato Hashbrown with Asparagus and Scrambled Eggs
Trisha’s quick and easy hash contains sweet potatoes, asparagus, spices and herbs and is great for the weekend.
Recipe: Sweet Potato Hashbrown with Asparagus and Scrambled Eggs
Potato Casserole with Mushrooms
Introducing a healthy version of your favorite breakfast casserole: Greek yogurt, low-fat milk and a little aromatic cheddar make this meal light yet rich. Use commercially available grated potatoes to save time.
Recipe: Potato casserole with mushrooms
Sourdough pancakes with apples
The dough is infused overnight with apple cider – ready-made pancakes have a rich apple flavor.
Recipe: Apple Sourdough Pancakes
Healthy Cinnamon Breadsticks
These cinnamon breadsticks take time, but they are worth it. Whole grain flour infuses fiber into the food, while spiced apple butter, cane sugar and cinnamon provide the real taste of cinnamon buns.
Recipe: Healthy Cinnamon Breadsticks
Ham, Cheese and Egg Casserole
Reduce the fat in the casserole by using a mixture of eggs and egg whites and skim milk instead of a mixture of milk and cream.
Recipe: Ham, Cheese and Egg Casserole
Breakfast Fig Parfait
Layers of Greek yogurt and fruit in Valerie’s Parfait provide the perfect combination of sweet and sour flavors. Tip: Make a fig compote and nut mixture over the weekend.