Broken arm healing: Broken Arm Recovery | What to Know About Recovering from a Broken Arm
Broken Arm Recovery | What to Know About Recovering from a Broken Arm
A broken arm—also called a fracture—is a common injury. Recovering from a broken arm can include wearing a cast, brace, splint or sling. These prevent movement while your arm heals. The term for this prevention of movement is immobilization. If the fracture does not break the skin and the bones are in good position, you may only need immobilization to heal. However, if your skin is broken or your bone is shattered or pushed way out of place, you may need surgery. After surgery, you will need immobilization.
How long it takes a broken arm to recover varies from person to person. It depends on the type of break and the treatment. There are three bones in your arm that can fracture. They are the two bones in your forearm—the radius and ulna—and the humerus bone in your upper arm, which connects your elbow to your shoulder. Fractures involving your wrist or elbow may need a longer recovery. Surgery can involve more pain and risk of complications. After your fracture has started to heal, you can move from immobilization to movement. Movement and strengthening exercises through physical therapy are an important part of recovery.
Here are five things to know about broken arm recovery:
1. Early recovery may be painful.
Your doctor may prescribe a strong pain medication for a few days right after a fracture. This medication is usually an opioid pain reliever. Do not drive when taking this medication and take it only as instructed by your doctor. After a few days, your doctor may switch you to an over-the-counter pain reliever. You can also help reduce pain by using an ice pack. Keeping your arm raised above the level of your heart when you’re resting should help as well.
Immobilization can last 2 to 6 weeks.
You will get specific instructions on how to care for your cast, splint, brace or sling. While your arm is immobilized, it’s still important to stay active. Ask your doctor what activities are safe for you. While your arm is immobile, your doctor may bring you back for repeat X-rays to see how your fracture is healing. Immobilization may last longer if you have surgery.
3. Physical therapy starts as soon as possible.
Physical therapy is an important part of recovering from a broken arm. It helps prevent stiffness and weakness. You may begin some physical therapy while you’re still immobilized. For instance, you may start hand exercises within a few days of immobilization. If you have a forearm fracture, you may start shoulder exercises. Most healing takes place in the first 6 to 12 weeks. Healing may take longer after surgery. After the immobilization period, you may begin full range-of-motion exercises. Physical therapy can last for weeks or months. Physical therapy after surgery may last longer.
4. Full recovery can take months or years.
It can take about 12 weeks for an arm fracture to heal completely. During this time, you may be restricted from some movements. Lifting, pushing and pulling may be off limits. Getting full strength, motion and use back can take up to two years for a fracture that needed surgery. Ask your doctor when you can return to activities like sports, work and driving.
5. Complications can occur during recovery.
Complications from a broken arm can include bleeding, swelling, nerve damage, blood vessel damage, and poor healing. Swelling, bleeding and infection are most likely early on in your recovery period. These complications are more common after surgery. Other complications take longer to develop. For instance, arthritis may be a late complication of elbow or wrist fractures. Let your doctor know if you have:
Chills or fever
Hands or fingers that are cool or bluish-colored
Numbness or tingling
Pain that is getting worse or not controlled by your pain medication
- Pain, stiffness or weakness that is not getting better with physical therapy
Broken arm or wrist – NHS
Get medical advice as soon as possible if you think you have broken your arm or wrist. Any possible breaks need to be treated as soon as possible. It’s not always clear if your arm or wrist is broken or just sprained so it’s important to get your injury looked at by a healthcare professional.
Urgent advice: Get advice from 111 now if:
You have had an injury to your arm or wrist and:
- the injury is very painful
- there is a large amount of swelling or bruising
- you cannot use the affected arm or wrist due to the pain
111 will tell you what to do. They can tell you the right place to get help if you need to see someone.
Go to 111.nhs.uk or call 111.
Other ways to get help
Go to an urgent treatment centre
Urgent treatment centres are places you can go if you need to see someone now.
They’re also called walk-in centres or minor injuries units.
You may be seen quicker than you would at A&E.
Find an urgent treatment centre
Immediate action required: Go to A&E or call 999 if:
- the affected arm or wrist is numb, is tingling or has pins and needles
- you have a bad cut that is bleeding heavily
- a bone is sticking out of your skin
- your arm or wrist has changed shape or is at an odd angle
Things to do while you’re waiting to see a doctor
use a towel as a sling to support the affected arm – The St John Ambulance website has more information about how to make an arm sling
gently hold an ice pack (or a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel) to the injured area for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours
stop any bleeding by applying pressure to the wound with a clean pad or dressing if possible
remove any jewellery such as rings or watches – your fingers, wrist or hand could swell up
take paracetamol for the pain
Treatment for a broken arm or wrist
When you get to hospital the affected arm will be placed in a splint to support it and stop any broken bones from moving out of position.
You will also be given painkilling medicines for the pain.
An X-ray is then used to see if there is a break and how bad that break is.
A plaster cast can be used to keep your arm in place until it heals – sometimes this may be done a few days later, to allow any swelling to go down first. You may be given a sling to support your arm.
A doctor may try to fit the broken bones back into place with their hands before applying a splint or cast – you will be given medicine before this happens so you will not feel any pain. If you had a very bad break surgery may be carried out to fix broken bones back into place.
Before leaving hospital, you’ll be given painkillers to take home and advice on how to look after your cast.
Find out how to take care of your plaster cast
You’ll be asked to attend follow-up appointments to check how your arm or wrist is healing.
How long does it take to recover from a broken arm or wrist?
In most cases it takes around 6 to 8 weeks to recover from a broken arm or wrist. It can take longer if your arm or wrist was severely damaged.
You will need to wear your plaster cast until the broken bone heals. The skin under the cast may be itchy for a few days but this should pass.
The hospital will give you an advice sheet on exercises you should do every day to help speed up your recovery.
Your arm or wrist may be stiff and weak after the cast is removed. A physiotherapist can help with these problems, although sometimes they can last several months or more.
Things you can do to help during recovery
try to keep your hand raised above your elbow whenever possible; use a pillow at night to do this
follow any exercise advice you have been given
use the painkillers you have been given to ease pain
do not get your cast wet – waterproof cast covers are available from pharmacies
do not use anything to scratch under the cast as this could lead to an infection
do not drive or try to lift heavy items until you have been told it is safe to do so
Read more about how to look after your plaster cast
Urgent advice: Get advice from 111 now if:
- the pain in your arm or wrist gets worse
- your temperature is very high or you feel hot and shivery
- your cast breaks, or the cast feels too tight or too loose
- your fingers, wrist and arm start to feel numb
- your fingers, wrist and arm look swollen or turn blue or white
- there’s a bad smell or discharge of liquid from under your cast
111 will tell you what to do. They can tell you the right place to get help if you need to see someone.
Go to 111.nhs.uk or call 111.
Other ways to get help
Go to an urgent treatment centre
Urgent treatment centres are places you can go if you need to see someone now.
They’re also called walk-in centres or minor injuries units.
You may be seen quicker than you would at A&E.
Find an urgent treatment centre
Page last reviewed: 27 May 2020
Next review due: 27 May 2023
Malunion Fractures | Michigan Medicine
After a bone is broken (fractured), the body will start the healing process. If the two ends of the broken bone are not lined up properly, the bone can heal with a deformity called a malunion. A malunion fracture occurs when a large space between the displaced ends of the bone have been filled in by new bone.
With fractures in the hand, wrist and forearm, a certain amount of angulation, or bend, occurs when the bone heals. Doctors determine if the position of a fracture will allow for functional use of the hand or arm after it heals. In many cases, when a fracture heals in a position that interferes with the use of the involved limb, surgery can be performed to correct it.
Some examples of common upper extremity fractures that may result in malunion include fractures of the wrists (distal radius), hand bones (metacarpals), and fingers or thumbs (phalanges).
If you fractured a finger, hand, wrist or elbow, and it has healed but no longer functions well, you should seek an opinion from a doctor who knows the upper extremity of the body well.
For decades the University of Michigan Department of Orthopaedic Surgery — one of the oldest and most well-regarded orthopaedic units in the nation — has provided excellent treatment for malunion fractures.
Our goal is to restore you to pre-fracture function as much as possible, as well as improve your long-term bone health. We are also part of the American Orthopaedic Association’s Own the Bone Program to improve the care of fracture patients age 50 and up.
In addition, the University of Michigan is a Level 1 Trauma Center, which means you will receive the highest level of care by experts who regularly treat patients with complex fractures and multiple bone breaks.
These symptoms usually occur after the healing of the initial fracture/break:
- Angulation (bend) and/or rotation of the fractured bone.
- A wrist that does not flex or extend to allow normal use.
- A finger that “scissors” onto or away from an adjacent finger.
- Altered use or function of the involved limb.
- Stiffness in finger, hand, wrist or elbow.
- History and physical exam: Your doctor or mid-level health care provider will obtain a history of your problem and perform an appropriate physical exam to find the exact area of concern.
- Imaging: Usually, imaging of the site in question begins with X-rays. If more information is needed, your doctor or mid-level provider may order a CT Scan or an MRI.
- Surgery: The goal of treatment is to realign your bone in a position that improves the function of the upper extremity. While you are under anesthesia in the operating room, your surgeon will re-break the bone to realign the fracture. Depending on the type of malunion, some of the bone may need to be trimmed to allow for proper orientation of the fractured ends. To keep the straightened bone in proper alignment, your surgeon may insert screws, plates, and/or pins. Additionally, the surgeon may perform a bone graft to aid in fracture healing.
If a decision for surgery is made after seeing one of our Orthopaedic Hand Surgeons, you may require pre-operative medical clearance by our Anesthesia department or your Primary Care Provider. This depends on your other chronic medical conditions. Your surgeon will let you know if this clearance is necessary.
Your physician will give you specific instructions. In general:
- After surgery, you will be placed in a post-operative dressing/splint which you must wear until your first post-operative visit with one of our providers. You must keep the dressing CLEAN and DRY to avoid risk of infection and other wound healing complications.
- Someone should be with you for the first 24 hours after surgery.
- You will be given a prescription for post-operative pain medicine. Do not take it with other pain medicines unless directed by your doctor. Do not drive, drink alcohol or make important decisions while taking the pain medicine.
- Do not smoke, use smokeless tobacco, nicotine gum or nicotine patches. Nicotine is a vasoconstrictor, and can impede healing by limiting blood flow to the surgical site(s).
- You must remain non-weight bearing (no use) with the surgical hand and arm until cleared by one of our health care providers. This may be several weeks, depending on your healing.
- At the first post-operative visit, your stitches will be removed. You will be placed in either a cast or a splint, depending on your surgeon’s preference. If your cast becomes wet or soiled, you should come into the office for a new cast as soon as possible.
- To evaluate the healing of the fracture at your follow-up appointments, your doctor will order imaging such as X-rays or a CT scan.
- After several weeks of immobilization, you will probably be stiff and weak in your hand / wrist. We often send patients to an Occupational Therapist with the goal of regaining functional use of the operative hand. Remember: You are an active participant in your care, and part of your recovery depends on your desire to participate in occupational therapy.
Contact Us / Make an Appointment
- Orthopaedics, 734-936-5780
Selecting a health care provider is a very important decision. Because we are highly experienced in treating malunion fractures and all conditions of the musculoskeletal system, we would like to help you explore your options. Visit our Contact Us page to see a list of clinics and their contact information. Our staff will be glad to talk with you about how we can help.
Broken arm – Healthily
A broken arm or wrist is usually caused by a fall onto an outstretched arm. It takes about six to eight weeks to heal in adults, and less time in children.
Doctors refer to all breaks or cracks in bones as fractures.
If you think you or your child has broken a bone go to your nearest hospital or medical emergency centre. If the injury is severe, call for an ambulance.
How can I tell if the arm or wrist is broken?
A broken arm or wrist bone will be extremely painful and there may also be:
- swelling or tenderness around the injured area
- bleeding, if the bone has damaged the tissue and skin
These symptoms may also occur if your arm or wrist is sprained rather than broken (read about sprains and strains). An X-ray in hospital is the only way to confirm whether or not the bone is broken.
If it’s a clean break, you may have heard a snap or a grinding noise during the accident. The bone can break straight across, diagonally, or in a spiral pattern. In severe cases, the bone may break into many pieces (comminuted), stick out at an angle or poke through the skin (open or compound fracture).
What you can do
It’s important not to eat or drink anything if you think you’ve broken your arm, as you may need a general anesthetic (be put to sleep) to allow doctors to realign the bone.
Before reaching a hospital, a sling may help stabilize the arm (this goes under the arm and then around the neck). Avoid trying to straighten the arm.
Applying an ice pack to the injured area (try a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel). can help reduce pain and swelling.
If your child has injured their arm or wrist, try and get someone else to drive so you can support and comfort them.
How a broken arm or wrist is treated
A broken arm or wrist is usually treated in a hospital accident and emergency department. The treatment differs depending on the severity of the injury.
First, a doctor will give you or your child painkillers and then fix a splint to the arm to secure it in position and prevent further damage.
An X-ray will be taken of the arm to see what kind of fracture it is. Even hairline fractures should will show faintly on X-ray.
A simple fracture where the bone remains aligned can be treated by applying a plaster cast. This holds the broken ends together so they can heal. You will be provided with painkillers to take home and information on how to look after your cast. An appointment will be made to attend a fracture clinic so specialist orthopedic doctors can take over the care of your fracture.
With more severe arm or wrist fractures, the bones can become misaligned (displaced). If the bone is not realigned (reduced), the bones will not heal well. Doctors can use a technique called ‘closed reduction’ to pull the bones back into position.
Local or regional anesthetic will be used to numb the arm (this is rarely used in children), or you will be put to sleep using a general anesthetic. If doctors are happy with the bone’s new position, you may be treated with a plaster cast and regular follow-up appointments and X-rays.
Certain fractures are best treated with surgery to realign and fix the broken bones. This includes displaced fractures, fractures involving a joint and open fractures. Surgeons can fix bones with wires, plates, screws or rods. This is called open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Any metalwork is usually not removed unless it becomes a problem.
In rare cases an external frame is used to hold the broken bones, known as an external fixator.
After most surgery, a plaster cast is applied to protect the repair. A sling may also be provided for comfort. If you have surgery, you will usually be able to go home within a day or two.
Recovering from a broken arm or wrist
The plaster cast will stay on until the bone has healed. The exact length of healing time depends on the type of fracture, whether it has damaged the surrounding tissues, and the age of the patient. For example, a young child who has cracked their wrist will need to wear a cast or removable splint for just two to three weeks. But in older people, a wrist injury can take a lot longer to get back to normal and stiffness is extremely common. It’s important not to get a plaster cast wet.
The orthopaedic doctors will decide when you can take the cast off and when you can return to normal activities or work.
Your arm is often stiff and weak after being in a cast. Physiotherapy can be useful to help build up strength in the arm muscles and restore full movement. However, this is rarely needed for children.
The risk of re-breaking or cracking the bone once the plaster is removed is increased, especially in children. It is advisable for children to avoid trampolines, bouncy castles, soft play areas and contact sports for a further two to three weeks to minimize this risk.
You should not drive while in a cast. Seek advice from your doctor about when you can drive again.
Broken (Fractured) Arm or Shoulder
Not what you’re looking for?
Broken arms (humerus) and broken shoulders are common injuries from falls, car accidents or other types of accidents for both adults and children.
A loud cracking or snap is usually the first sign your arm is broken. It also may appear deformed, swollen, bruised or bleed.
Other symptoms include extreme pain, increased pain with movement and loss of normal use of the arm.
To slow bleeding and reduce swelling, raise the injured arm above the level of your heart. If a broken bone sticks out from the skin (open fracture), do not try to push it back in. Use a clean, dry cloth or bandage to cover it until medical help arrives.
It is important that you not try to use the broken arm. Moving a broken arm would also cause more damage to blood vessels, nerves and other tissues. To keep the broken area from moving, make a temporary splint, by taping a ruler or other supportive device to the arm. Even though a sling can be made from a scarf supported from the neck, the patient should go to the Emergency Room right away.
During the examination, tell your doctor exactly what happened. Your doctor may examine the broken arm and check for other injuries, such as nerve damage. Your ability to flex and extend your wrist and fingers may also be checked. Often X-rays and other diagnostic imaging scans
will be used to compare the injured arm with the uninjured arm. With children, the long bones of the arm are probably still growing, so the doctor may check for damage to growth plates.
The doctor may have to move pieces of the bone back into the correct position. This is called reduction. Depending upon the severity of injury, the patient may or may not need local or general anesthesia. More serious fractures may require surgery.
With the broken bone back in place, the arm is held in place with a cast or splint that stays in place for a period of time based on the nature of the injury and how complex the break was.
Generally, it takes eight to 12 weeks for the broken arm to heal completely. Rehabilitation and physical therapy with gradually increasing activities will help restore muscle strength, joint motion and flexibility. Physical therapy after the fracture is healed may be used until the arm performs normally.
© 2000-2021 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional’s instructions.
Not what you’re looking for?
Bone Healing – How Long for Bones to Heal | Foot Health Facts
How Does a Bone Heal?
The bone healing process is the same in all broken bones. This is true whether a bone has been cut as part of a surgical procedure or fractured through an injury.
The bone healing process has three overlapping stages: inflammation, bone production and bone remodeling.
- Inflammation starts immediately after the bone is fractured and lasts for several days. When the bone is fractured, there is bleeding into the area, leading to inflammation and clotting of blood at the fracture site. This provides the initial structural stability and framework for producing new bone.
- Bone production begins when the clotted blood formed by inflammation is replaced with fibrous tissue and cartilage (known as soft callus). As healing progresses, the soft callus is replaced with hard bone (known as hard callus), which is visible on x-rays several weeks after the fracture.
- Bone remodeling, the final phase of bone healing, goes on for several months. In remodeling, bone continues to form and becomes compact, returning to its original shape. In addition, blood circulation in the area improves. Once adequate bone healing has occurred, weightbearing (such as standing or walking) encourages bone remodeling.
How Long Does Bone Healing Take?
Bone generally takes six to 12 weeks to heal to a significant degree. In general, children’s bones heal faster than those of adults. The foot and ankle surgeon will determine when the patient is ready to bear weight on the area. This will depend on the location and severity of the fracture, the type of surgical procedure performed and other considerations.
What Helps Promote Bone Healing?
If a bone will be cut during a planned surgical procedure, some steps can be taken pre- and postoperatively to help optimize healing. The surgeon may offer advice on diet and nutritional supplements that are essential to bone growth. Smoking cessation and adequate control of blood sugar levels in people living with diabetes are important. Smoking and high glucose levels interfere with bone healing.
For all patients with fractured bones, immobilization is a critical part of treatment because any movement of bone fragments slows down the initial healing process. Depending on the type of fracture or surgical procedure, the surgeon may use some form of fixation (such as screws, plates or wires) on the fractured bone and/or a cast to keep the bone from moving. During the immobilization period, weightbearing is restricted as instructed by the surgeon.
Once the bone is adequately healed, physical therapy often plays a key role in rehabilitation. An exercise program designed for the patient can help in regaining strength and balance and can assist in returning to normal activities.
What Can Hinder Bone Healing?
A wide variety of factors can slow down the healing process. These include:
- Movement of the bone fragments; weightbearing too soon
- Smoking, which constricts the blood vessels and decreases circulation
- Medical conditions, such as diabetes, hormone-related problems or vascular disease
- Some medications, such as corticosteroids and other immunosuppressants
- Fractures that are severe, complicated or become infected
- Advanced age
- Poor nutrition or impaired metabolism
- Low levels of calcium and vitamin D
How Can Slow Healing Be Treated?
If the bone is not healing as well as expected or fails to heal, the foot and ankle surgeon can choose from a variety of treatment options to enhance bone growth, such as continued immobilization for a longer period, bone stimulation or surgery with bone grafting or use of bone growth proteins.
Why choose a foot and ankle surgeon?
Foot and ankle surgeons are the leading experts in foot and ankle care today. As doctors of podiatric medicine – also known as podiatrists, DPMs or occasionally “foot and ankle doctors” – they are the board-certified surgical specialists of the podiatric profession. Foot and ankle surgeons have more education and training specific to the foot and ankle than any other healthcare provider.
Foot and ankle surgeons treat all conditions affecting the foot and ankle, from the simple to the complex, in patients of all ages including broken bones. Their intensive education and training qualify foot and ankle surgeons to perform a wide range of surgeries, including any surgery that may be indicated for broken bones to heal.
Kids Health Information : Fractures (broken bones)
Fracture is the term used for a broken bone. Fractures are a common childhood injury because young children have bones that are growing and not yet fully developed, and this makes them more fragile than adult bones.
Fractures can occur in any bone of the body but the most common fracture injuries in children are wrists, arms and elbows, which usually occur after a fall.
Most fractures heal well and cause no long-term complications.
Signs and symptoms of a fracture
Older children will usually be able to tell you where they are sore and can explain what happened to cause the injury. This can make it easier to identify if a fracture has occurred. It can be more difficult to identify a fracture in infants or toddlers. They may cry and not use the
affected area, but there may be no obvious injury.
If you think your child has a fracture, they may have the following symptoms:
- pain or tenderness at the injury site
- swelling or redness around the injury
- deformity (unusual shape) of the injured area
- not wanting to move or use the injured area.
On rare occasions the force of an injury can cause the skin over a fracture to split – this is called a compound fracture. There may only be a small break in the skin (the bone may not be sticking out of the wound). If this has occurred, it is important to see your GP or go to your local hospital
Sometimes children will not have any of the above symptoms and a fracture may not be noticeable even if an injury has occurred.
First aid treatment for fractures
First aid treatment for fractures aims to provide comfort to your child, helps to reduce swelling, and provides your child with pain relief until the fracture is treated.
Apply the following first aid for a suspected fracture, then seek medical help:
- give them some pain relief (e.g. paracetamol or ibuprofen)
- reduce movement of the injured area if possible, by applying a splint or sling
- apply an ice pack to the injury
- elevate the limb.
When to see a doctor
If you think your child has a fracture, or you are unsure, you should follow the first aid steps above, then take them to see a GP or go to your local hospital emergency department.
Call an ambulance or take your child to your local emergency department immediately if:
- your child has injured their arm and they are in severe pain
- a limb looks deformed
- a limb looks blueish or is an unusual colour
- your child has a limb injury and there is a large cut where the injury has occurred
- a bone is sticking out, or if there is a large amount of bleeding that cannot be stopped.
To diagnose a fracture, a GP or doctor will need to examine your child (which may or may not include an X-ray) to determine the type of injury and where it is located.
Some GP clinics can treat patients with fractures as they have appropriate facilities and can perform X-rays and follow-up care. In other cases, your GP may refer your child to a hospital to be treated by a doctor or nurse practitioner in the emergency department.
If your child has a fracture, they will need to restrict movement of the injury site to allow the bone time to heal.
Some fractures may require a splint or backslab (partial cast), held in place with bandages. A splint or partial cast helps to support the injured area, allowing it to rest and heal while also providing your child pain relief. A splint or partial cast generally does not have to be worn for as
long as a full cast.
Casts are required for three weeks to three months depending on the type and location of the injury – your doctor will estimate how long it will be required.
If the injury has caused the bones to move out of place, a doctor, nurse practitioner or, in some cases, a surgeon will need to move the bones back into the correct position (known as a reduction). These procedures are usually done under sedation or anaesthesia in the emergency department or
operating theatre. Fractures that require a reduction will need a full plaster cast (one that wraps around the limb) to allow the injury to heal. Full plaster casts stay on your child for up to three months, depending on the injury.
Care at home
Encourage your child to rest for the first few days following a fracture. Your child should also avoid physical activities – if a child falls onto their plaster cast or damages it, the fractured bone can move out of alignment and it may not heal in the correct position.
When caring for a fracture at home, it is important to:
- monitor your child’s pain
- keep the injured area elevated to reduce swelling
- monitor your child’s skin and follow any instructions given to you by your doctor to care for the cast.
Casts and splints should remain dry at all times. If they become wet, the splint can become damaged and the skin underneath can become irritated.
Your child should never sleep with their sling on, so remember to remove your child’s sling before bedtime. Try and keep the injured area elevated for at least the first three nights (or longer if directed by your doctor) by using an extra pillow or folded blanket.
For tips on how to relieve itching and for more information about caring for a cast at home, see our fact sheet
Plaster cast care.
After seeing your GP or doctor, your child may have a follow-up appointment one to two weeks after the injury. It is important to attend this appointment as your child’s fracture will be checked to ensure the bones are healing well. If your child requires any further follow-up
appointments or tests, your doctor will let you know.
For most minor fractures, your local GP can manage your child’s ongoing follow up. However, some fractures will require a follow up X-ray and review by an orthopaedic surgeon who will tell you how long your child needs to have their cast on.
At any time, take your child back to your GP or local hospital if:
- the cast is cracked, soft, too loose, too tight, or has rough edges that hurt
- you are worried that an object has been pushed inside the cast
- there is a bad smell or ooze coming from the cast
- your child is in increasing pain
- you are concerned for any other reason.
After the cast is removed
Once the cast has been removed, your child’s skin may be dry and itchy. Bathe the skin with warm soapy water, and apply a plain, non-perfumed moisturiser.
After a fracture, children normally regain strength by gradually participating in gentle activity and play. Physiotherapy is usually not needed.
Your doctor will give you specific advice about when and how your child can return to sport (usually about four to six weeks after the cast is removed). If your child had surgery, full contact sports should be avoided for two to three months, but you should discuss this with your child’s doctor.
Key points to remember
- Fractures are a common childhood injury because children’s bones are not yet fully developed.
- Most fractures heal well and cause no long-term complications.
- Fractures are usually treated by using a splint or a cast (full or partial) to restrict movement until the bone heals.
- Looking after the cast is important to ensure your child’s bone heals correctly and to prevent damage to their skin.
- Depending on the type of injury, the cast will need to stay on for up to three months and your doctor will let you know if you require any follow up appointments.
For more information
Common questions our doctors are asked
My child’s bones needed to be straightened. Will this affect
them long term?
Most children who required a reduction of their injury heal
well with no further complications. Your doctor or nurse practitioner will let
you know if your child requires a follow up appointment. It is important to
attend this appointment so that your child can be assessed to ensure the injury
is healing appropriately and as expected.
The fracture affected something called the growth plate.
Does that mean that my child’s arm or leg will stop growing?
This sometimes depends on the age of your child
or the type of injury. Most of the time injuries to the growth plate do not
interrupt the growth of the limb if they are treated early. The injury will be
monitored as part of your follow up to ensure the injury is healing well.
Developed by The Royal Children’s Hospital Emergency department. We acknowledge the input of RCH consumers and carers.
Reviewed November 2018.
Kids Health Info is supported by The Royal Children’s Hospital Foundation. To donate, visit
90,000 Bone fractures, causes, symptoms and treatment
Bone fractures occur annually in millions of people around the world. There are many types of painful diseases, usually caused by sports injuries, car accidents, or falls. Fractures heal in a variety of ways, but they can cause weak bones and problems such as osteoporosis, certain cancers, or osteogenesis imperfecta. In this article, we have fully explained the symptoms and ways to prevent fractures.Stay with us.
Bone fractures and their types
Most human bones are surprisingly strong and can generally withstand relatively strong impacts or forces. However, if this force is too strong or there is a problem with the bone, it can cause a fracture.
Children have thin and flexible bones, and when their bones break, they deform if they do not heal properly. In middle-aged people, bones will be less resistant to impact and pressure, so they are more likely to break.
Types of bone fractures
Fractures can occur in any bone in different ways. Fracture types include:
Closed fractures :
This is a type of fracture that does not damage the surrounding bone tissue or tear the skin.
If a fracture tears the surrounding tissue and skin, it is called an open fracture.
The fracture goes all the way through the bone and divides it in two.
Where the bone breaks, a gap is formed. This injury often requires surgery to repair it.
In this case, it kills the muscle or ligament of the bone and causes it to rupture.
Widespread fracture of the spine
The bone is broken into many pieces.
This type of fracture usually occurs in the cancellous bone of the spine.For example, the front of the vertebrae in the spine can collapse due to osteoporosis.
In this case, the joint is dislocated and one of the bones of the joint is broken.
Fracture of the green stick
This type of fracture is more common in children with soft bones. Usually, one side of the bone is broken and the other is bent.
This type of fracture is very minor.
Impact of fracture
This happens when one bone breaks and presses against the other.
Fractures occur on the surface of the joint.
Fractures along the bone.
Fractures occur obliquely along the long axis of the bone.
This is a type of fracture in which a person has very weak and fragile bones due to illness.
A fracture occurs where at least part of the bone is curved.
This is more common among athletes. The bone breaks from repeated blows and pressures.
The bone is deformed but does not crack. This fracture is more common in children.
It’s kind of a straight fracture right from the inside of the bone.
Symptoms of bone fractures
Symptoms of a bone fracture vary greatly depending on the area and its severity. But the most common ones are:
- Discoloration of the skin around the affected area
- Unusual bend
- The patient cannot move the affected area
- The patient may feel abrasions at the site of a damaged bone or joint
- In case of an open fracture, bleeding may occur
- When a large bone, such as a pelvis or thigh bone, breaks, the person may look pale and uncomfortable, and may feel dizzy, weak, and nauseous.
What are the most important causes of fractures?
Most fractures are caused by a bad fall or car accident. Healthy bones are very strong. But with age, factors such as weakness, osteoporosis, and an increased risk of falling increase the risk of fractures.
Children, who tend to do more physical activity than adults, are also prone to fractures.
People with underlying medical conditions such as osteoporosis, infection, or tumor also have a higher risk of bone fractures.
Stress fractures, caused by frequent and stressful stresses, which are commonly seen among sports professionals, are another major cause of fractures.
How to diagnose a bone fracture
To diagnose a bone fracture, doctors do several clinical examinations and use imaging techniques to study the type of fracture.
Imaging with X-ray is 2D imaging, usually the first option is to use bone fractures.
When X-rays cannot detect a fracture, the bone scan is used, which is usually done in two steps and is time consuming.
Computed tomography is a technique that uses computers and X-rays to produce accurate images of bone sections to identify bone problems.
The MRI uses strong magnetic fields to produce highly accurate images. MRI is often used to diagnose stress fractures.
Treatment of bone fractures
Bone regeneration is a natural process that in most cases occurs spontaneously. However, medical treatment of fractures is usually done in order to ensure the best possible function of the affected area after healing. Treatment tries to provide the best conditions for recovery (bone stiffness).
To begin the healing process, you first need to replace the ends of the broken bones.Sometimes this requires surgery.
Once the bone is in the right place, it must remain motionless for a while. Various methods are used for this.
Plaster casts or plastic splints hold bones in place until they heal. Smaller bones, such as fingers and toes, are not plastered and are usually held in place only with special splints.
It is sometimes necessary to use pulleys and weights to stretch the muscles and tendons around the broken bone in order to align and heal the bones.
In cases where surgery is required, steel plates and frames are used for treatment, as well as metal screws, internal metal rods located below the long bones. Sometimes flexible wires and external attachments made of metal or carbon are used for children. The anchors have steel pins that are inserted directly into the bone through the skin and act as a kind of skeleton outside the body.
One may wonder how inserting these steel pins will not damage the bone, but the fracture will damage it? This difference is actually similar to the difference between a surgical knife incision and a knife incision.It is true that none of these materials are good, but the use of fully controlled bone pins is done and the risks far outweigh the benefits. In fact, without these pins, bone healing will not be possible. In addition, piercing the bone does not compromise the integrity of the tissue.
How long does it take to heal a fracture?
It is usually necessary to keep the fracture site motionless for two to eight weeks. This time frame depends on which bone is broken and whether there are complications such as blood flow problems or infection.The patient’s age, mobility and smoking cessation during treatment affect the speed of treatment.
Physicians always recommend physical therapy after the bones have healed so that the muscles in the affected area can return to normal. If you do physical therapy between three and five weeks after the bone has healed, the muscles will return to normal strength.
Is there a complication of bone fracture?
Like many injuries, bone fractures can lead to complications.These may include the following:
- Blood clots: Sometimes they are caused by the fracture of blood clots that are released in blood vessels and travel throughout the body, sometimes reaching vital parts of the body and causing death.
- Complications of plaster cast include skin wounds and joint stiffness 90 140
- Compartment – a syndrome that results in bleeding or swelling of the muscles around the fracture
- Hemarthrosis can also cause joint bleeding and swelling.
How to prevent bone fractures?
You can prevent many fractures by preventing falls, keeping your body fit, and getting the right vitamins and minerals.
The human body needs enough calcium to have healthy bones. Milk, cheese, yogurt, and dark leafy vegetables are good sources of calcium. Vitamin D also helps with calcium absorption. Exposure to sunlight, and eating eggs and oily fish are good ways to get vitamin D.
Exercise that puts your body weight on your bones will also make your bones stronger and thicker. Walking, running, dancing and the like.
Doing balance exercises at home, using walkers and crutches for the elderly, removing obstacles such as wires and carpets from under your feet at home, proper lighting, proper shoes, and periodic vision tests also reduce the risk of falls.
Even if the bones are strong, they can still break.Bone fractures are painful and take a long time to heal. You need to be patient to get back to your normal state. It is enough to be careful not to get infected with this disease and be sure to see a doctor to control osteoporosis . Be sure to read our other articles to understand the problems of osteoporosis.
90,000 Fracture is not a sentence. Get on your feet in a couple of days | HEALTH: Medicine | HEALTH
Today, with the help of the latest technologies, doctors work miracles and raise people to their feet in a few days.After the operation, retirees return to their usual way of life.
Oleg Ayupov, a traumatologist-orthopedist at the REAVIZ multidisciplinary clinic, said how it is possible. In a conversation with our correspondent, the doctor explained what is the prevention of osteoporosis, how to properly treat a fracture and avoid its dangerous complications.
Traumatologist-orthopedist of the REAVIZ multidisciplinary clinic Oleg Nazibovich Ayupov Photo: From the advertiser
– In winter, the number of injuries increases, especially among pensioners.What special care can these patients receive?
– Indeed, the most vulnerable category is the elderly. Due to demographic shifts, such patients are increasing. For example, if in 1990 there were 1 million 700 cases of fractures of the femoral neck and trochanteric region in the world, then in 2050, according to WHO forecasts, there will be 6 million 300. Every year there is an increase in the number of victims. Moreover, each elderly patient has from three to five comorbidities.
Women suffer more often.Today, with a hip fracture, age and concomitant diseases are not a sentence. The sooner medical attention is provided, the better. It is generally accepted that surgical treatment is more effective than conservative treatment, in which patients with such injuries die within the first year.
After the operation, people not only feel better, but also gradually return to their usual way of life.
In winter, the number of patients with ankle fractures also increases. Basically, they are treated conservatively: a plaster is applied to a person, after a few months it is removed.And the bones may not grow together. We have to start the treatment anew, to carry out an operation to connect the broken bones with metal fixators, and in some cases – replacement of the joint, and then rehabilitation.
– How long after the operation can the patient get on his feet and start moving on his own?
– You need to get out of bed in the first days after the operation. On the second day, we try to lift the patient so that he can walk first with the help of crutches and walkers.
– Give examples of difficult cases from your practice, when patients were helped thanks to modern methods.
– Typically difficult patients are hospitalized late. This happens for various reasons: either the relatives were unable to call an ambulance in time, or the patient does not attach importance to the injuries received. Ideally, the person will be operated on within the first two to three days after the fracture.
We had a case when one of the patients lay with a hip fracture in a regional hospital in a neighboring region for about two weeks.There, they could not help her for a number of reasons: somatic pathology, age more than 80 years. Relatives went to our clinic, we hospitalized her, examined her, treated her and performed an operation, put an endoprosthesis. Two or three days later, they raised me to my feet. And she was already moving around the ward on her own with the help of a walker.
– Have there been any patients with fractures in your practice who were initially incorrectly treated? Can the consequences be corrected?
– Bitter, but there is such a thing.These are cases with non-consolidated fractures and late treatment. There are patients with advanced coxarthrosis. The reasons are very different: the doctor’s lack of information about a certain pathology, ignorance of modern methods of examination and treatment. For this, doctors need to attend specialized conferences and symposia. The specialists of our clinic do it regularly. We study all the most promising methods of treatment and care for difficult patients. In the summer we were at the Eurasian Orthopedic Forum in Moscow, in the fall we attended the III International Congress of the Rheumatic Orthopedics Association.
One of the patients underwent conservative treatment of a fracture for a long time in one of the hospitals. It is very painful and time-consuming. He was hospitalized in our clinic, performed an operation using modern technologies. Two months later, the man went to work. With a conservative method, he would have been treated three times longer. This is provided if the bones healed the first time.
-You have a multidisciplinary clinic. Is the patient fully examined before the operation?
– Of course, if there is evidence for this.We are talking about laboratory facilities, instrumental methods. We have a digital X-ray machine, a computed tomograph, an ultrasound scan, as well as all the so-called “narrow” specialists. All this helps to examine the patient as soon as possible.
– How can residents of neighboring regions apply to your clinic?
– Most often this is an appeal for paid services. We have a 24-hour emergency room, where you can apply for paid services and a VHI policy. X-ray is available around the clock, traumatologists work, at any time of the day a comfortable inpatient department is open for admission, there are also single rooms available.
– What recommendations should patients with fractures follow?
– The sooner a person returns to his usual rhythm of life, the better. There is no need to hope that in three or four months he will be helped to develop an arm or a leg. 70-80% recovery depends on the mood and efforts of the patient himself.
With regard to the prevention of osteoporosis, you need to lead an active lifestyle, exercise. The culture of a healthy lifestyle starts from childhood, from the family.Unfortunately, schoolchildren began to move less. There are many specialized sports schools in the region where you can send your child. I am glad that there are more and more cyclists on the streets.
Health depends on nutrition and habits that are formed from childhood. Fast food has a particularly negative effect, contributing to metabolic disorders and the formation of excess weight.
– Does being overweight increase the risk of injury?
– Unfortunately, yes. Under the influence of extra pounds, coordination of movements is impaired, bone density changes, and the risk of osteoporosis and concomitant diseases increases.
– Do I need to come for preventive examinations to a traumatologist?
– To avoid fractures, this must be done. The specialist will detect the initial stages of arthrosis. It will determine whether the joints are working in full, whether there is stiffness, contracture. According to the images, arthrosis of the hip or knee joint, the formation of local osteoporosis can be determined. Minimally invasive surgery will help to avoid complications. In the operated area, the blood supply improves, the bone becomes stronger and the risk of fractures decreases.This makes it possible to postpone the need for hip and knee prosthetics for several years. In our clinic, it is possible to individually select the necessary materials from the available stock. Unfortunately, many hospitals do not have this choice.
“Bells” for a visit to a traumatologist are joint swelling, crunching, stiffness and limitation of movement in the morning, night pain in the joints.
– What advice would you give readers how to protect themselves from injury in winter?
-Most older people have osteoporosis.Therefore, they need to avoid falling as much as possible. Shoes should be comfortable, stable, on a low platform. It is better to use a cane, which, unfortunately, many are embarrassed to do.
Multidisciplinary clinic “REAVIZ” Samara, st. Soviet Army, 243.
Registration by phone (846) 3-21-21-21.
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90,000 Rehabilitation and recovery after fractures
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In order to restore movement in the limb after a fracture as best as possible, it is necessary to start recovery procedures as early as possible. The most optimal rehabilitation is carried out after fractures in a sanatorium, even before the removal of the plaster: here there is the possibility of carrying out a large number of physiotherapy procedures, the timely start of exercise therapy classes. At the same time, spa treatment provides a complete protein diet, which is necessary for the earliest possible bone healing.
In addition, the environment in such medical institutions and, in particular, in the Gorny sanatorium in the Krasnodar Territory, is conducive to healing.During the treatment, you will breathe the purest mountain air, which will saturate the body with oxygen. Such natural oxygen therapy will provide better conditions for nutrition and, accordingly, recovery, bones and musculo-ligamentous apparatus.
Sanatorium procedures for recovery after fractures
Rehabilitation after fractures in the Krasnodar Territory, in the Gorny sanatorium, is carried out according to the scheme, using such procedures that should be described in detail.
This procedure is necessary to improve blood supply in both healthy and damaged limbs, to reduce venous and lymphatic stasis in them, and to tone the muscles.
Massage begins at the end of the immobilization period. Massage using natural oils is practiced in the Gorny sanatorium.
For rehabilitation, the following are used:
A set of exercises aimed at recovering from fractures begins as early as possible in a sanatorium in order to prevent muscle atrophy and articular contractures.
Injections with purified medical carbon dioxide can improve blood circulation in the injured area, relieve swelling, and restore muscle activity.
It is possible to improve blood circulation in the injured limb with the help of mud therapy procedures, which are presented in the Gorny sanatorium.
They also help to restore the function of the muscles and joints of the injured limb:
- magnetotherapy: improves the connections between nerves and muscles;
- Infrared laser action improves the absorption of calcium by bone fragments, which accelerates their recovery;
- pressotherapy: activation of the lymphatic system.
In our sanatorium for rehabilitation after fractures, psychological and social support is also provided for people who have suffered limb injuries. The atmosphere itself, carefully created by nature, disposes to recovery: clean mountain air, rich in oxygen, a large amount of greenery, the absence of city noise.
“Choosing the right sanatorium is a significant step towards maintaining and improving health.Gorny is a resort complex that combines the experience and knowledge of Russian and Soviet balneology. The presence of modern medical equipment and innovative installations, the professionalism of the staff and love for their work will serve as a guarantee for the prolongation of longevity ”- chief physician of the sanatorium Karaulov Alexander Olegovich.
Treatment of simple bone cysts in long bones in children
Simple bone cysts (‘unicameral’ or ‘single bone cysts) are the most common type of noncancerous (benign) bone anomaly (lesion) in growing children.Cysts make the bark (the hard outer layer of bone) thin and can lead to multiple pathologic fractures (one that occurs without much trauma in the area of the weakened bone). Sometimes, these fractures can lead to shortening of the limb and deformity. The main goals in treating simple bone cysts are to reduce the risk of pathologic fracture, promote cyst healing, and stop pain. There are several treatments available, but there is no agreement on which is best.Therefore, we did a thorough review of the available evidence for different treatments for simple long bone cysts in children to see if we can determine which is the best approach. This is an updated version of this review, published in 2014.
We searched several important medical databases in April 2016 as well as trial registers, conferences and reference lists. We found only one relevant medical study in which child participants were randomly assigned to different treatments.The study compared treatments in which bone marrow or a steroid (methylprednisolone acetate) was injected into simple bone cysts. Ninety children with an average age of 9.5 years participated in this study.
Results were available for 77 children. Two years after treatment, X-ray examination showed that successful healing of bone cysts is most typical for children who received steroid injections; however, we are not sure if this is a true find. Low quality evidence two years after treatment showed that children in both treatment groups had similar high levels of functioning (as measured by the Child Activity Scale in points) and low levels of pain (as measured by the Oucher scale in points).Very low quality evidence that there was no difference between the two interventions for side effects, including post-treatment pathological fracture. Since the quality of the data is low or very low, we cannot conclusively conclude that there are no differences between treatment procedures, and we do not know if the treatment gives better results with fewer complications.
This review is based on a single trial with a small number of participants.Therefore, there is currently insufficient evidence to determine the best treatment for simple bone cysts in long bones in children. Further studies with larger numbers of participants and monitoring of children over a longer follow-up period are needed.
90,000 Broken Knee Surgery and Symptoms Beverly Hills
According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, the development of internal fixation for elbow fractures is one of the most significant advances in treatment during the 20th century.This is because this type of surgery offers significant benefits, including:
- Earlier return to normal function
- Reduced complications such as improper healing, infection, and allergic reactions
Emergency care for all suspected elbow fractures includes:
- Thorough neurovascular examination
- Adequate immobilization
- Assessing whether an injury requires admission to the hospital
- Immediate or urgent treatment for orthopedic evaluation
Do you have questions about broken elbow surgery? Feel free to contact Beverly Hills Orthopedic Surgeon Dr.Sonu Ahluwalia today at 310.430.1310.
Fracture Elbow Types
The bones of the elbow can break in various ways. Because of this, there are several different types of possible elbow fractures. These include:
- Nondisplaced – The bone breaks completely, but the ends remain lined up.
- Displaced – Pieces of broken bone do not line up.
- Greenstick – Incomplete fracture in which the bone is flexed. This type is most common in children.
- Linear – horizontal bone fracture.
- Transverse – Fracture in the right corner to the bony axis.
- Crushed – A fracture in which the bone breaks into several pieces.
Elbow Fracture Causes
There are several different ways you can fracture your elbow. The type of fracture is often correlated with the cause of an elbow injury. Elbow fractures are usually the result of:
- Fall on outstretched arm
- Fall on the elbow
- Forcing the elbow joint to move in an unnatural way
- Blunt elbow injury
- Road accident
Fracture Elbow Signs and Symptoms
If you suffer from an elbow injury and have any of the following symptoms, immediate treatment may be needed:
- Bruised or discolored skin
- Limited range of motion
- Numbness or loss of sensation in the hand, arm, or fingers
Broken Elbow Surgery
Broken elbow surgery, also known as fractured elbow fixation, will begin with the administration of either general or local anesthesia.Doctor. Ahluwalia will have assessed the severity and nature of the fracture and developed a surgical plan to repair the fractured elbow. He will begin the procedure by making an incision along the back of the elbow to access the underlying fractured bone. It will repair the bone by setting it back to its normal anatomical alignment. Bone repair will take place in the correct position through the use of internal fixation with wires, pins, plates, and / or screws. The incision (c) will be closed with seams or staples, and a cast or splint can be applied to hold the lever in place.
Recovery from Broken Elbow Surgery in Beverly Hills
Once the ulnar fracture has been placed back together in its normal position, your recovery and rehabilitation will begin. You will be monitored in the surgical ward until the effects of the anesthesia have worn off. Doctor. Ahluwalia will create a personalized recovery plan to help you restore normal strength and function to your repaired elbow. This will begin with medication to manage pain and prevent infection.
Rest will be important in the early days after your procedure, but it will also go a long way in moving as much as you can. Physical therapy will be needed to restore normal range of motion and strength in the elbow joint. A follow up appointment will be scheduled to assess your recovery and answer any questions you may have regarding activity restrictions.
After broken elbow surgery, long-term results usually lead to a functional elbow.However, some degree of stiffness after an elbow fracture is expected. You will most likely need some physical therapy to facilitate your rehabilitation. Follow all instructions provided by Doctor. Ahluwalia and his staff will minimize any potential complications and maximize recovery.
90,000 Alcohol slows down the healing of fractures – Rossiyskaya Gazeta
Many injuries and bone fractures, including complex ones, are received by people in a state of alcoholic intoxication.Whether it’s due to a car accident, a fall, an accident at work or a gunshot wound, alcohol is always an additional risk of fracture. But it turns out that it also affects the healing process of broken bones, slowing it down. A report on this topic was presented at the annual conference of the American Society of Orthopedic Specialists in Baltimore (USA).
Researchers have studied the effect of alcohol on the healing of bone fractures in laboratory mice. One group of mice received a dose of alcohol equivalent to three times the US legal limit for driving.Recall that in different states for drivers over 21, the permissible dose of alcohol while driving is approximately 0.5-0.8 ppm, which is equal to the intake of 60-100 ml of vodka. In our reality, many consider such a dose to be almost therapeutic, not to mention more.
So, half of the poor mice were soldered “while driving”, and their sober relatives received equal amounts of saline, that is, water with salt diluted in it. The experiment showed that in drunken mice, callus (the tissue that forms at the ends of broken bones) contained less calcium and other minerals.In addition, they had impaired bone cell function, as they had oxidative stress. It also lowered the level of an enzyme that can reduce this stress.
During the healing process, immature stem cells migrate to the fracture site, which must then turn into normal bone tissue. Two proteins are normally involved in this process. In the group of mice that received doses of alcohol, the levels of these proteins were also significantly lower. As a result, fractures healed in them much slower and worse than in sober animals.
Researcher Roman Natoli of the Jesuit University of Loyola (Chicago), who presented a paper at the conference, suggests that two approaches can be used to reduce the negative effects of alcohol on healing. First, in addition to inject into the victim’s body stem cells that can specialize in bone tissue. Secondly, add antioxidants to them that fight oxidative stress.
Perhaps the use of these funds will accelerate the healing of fractures in teetotalers, suggested Dr. Natoli.For some reason, a possible third option – to exclude alcohol during treatment – was out of the question, although it might have been the most effective.
Fractures in the elderly: treatment, rehabilitation and prevention
Fragility of bones is one of the acute problems of elderly people. This feature, in addition to regular pain, often leads to limb fractures. The decrease in bone strength occurs naturally, as calcium stores in the body decrease with age.Poor coordination of movements, poor eyesight and severe fatigue that older people feel after short-term exertion are the reason for frequent falls at home and outdoors. Such negligence leads to the appearance of new abrasions and fractures.
Why are older people prone to frequent bone fractures
One of the main causes, which has been confirmed by the medical community, is age-related osteoporosis. This form of pathology with increased fragility and fragility of bones is inherent in elderly people.The negative effects of the disease can lead to serious injury, even with small mechanical forces.
Fragility of bone tissue with age is formed due to a decrease in the density of the bone composition, which leads to periarticular and intraarticular fractures. As doctors note, osteoporosis most often leads to destruction of the femoral neck, tibia, or ankle. In addition, problems often arise with fractures of the surgical part of the neck of the shoulder and vertical fractures of the hips.
Most frequent fractures in the elderly
Because of the fracture, the femoral neck suffers more often, which is destroyed in the thin part of the femur.This area, which is responsible for the connection of the body and the head, suffers primarily in more than 90% of cases. The most dangerous age, when a person is at risk of injury every day, is considered to be 65 years. This problem, according to statistics, more often worries women during menopause. The risk of getting a fracture is 3-4 times more likely than that of a man of the same age.
To make this situation worse, the injury is difficult to treat. The risk that the bone will not heal remains high if you do not resort to surgery.Despite the presence of specialists who are ready to perform the operation, the procedure is dangerous due to the age of the patients.
Elderly people who are sedentary and lead an inactive lifestyle are also not protected from this form of fracture. It is enough to slip and fall from your own height. The statistics are disappointing – more than 30% of elderly residents died within a year after being injured. Since the fracture requires complete rest of the patient and adherence to bed rest, this leads to the formation of problems with the heart tissue and lungs.The development of congestive pneumonia, which occurs within six months, can severely undermine the patient’s health and lead to death.
Neck of the shoulder. Its fracture is possible with a high probability in the elderly, since the symptoms in children and adults are not so pronounced. Injury can result in loss of functionality of the shoulder joint, resulting in discomfort and pain. Pain can be relieved only with the help of analgesics, which are administered intravenously or intramuscularly.
Due to complete or partial loss of shoulder functionality, severe swelling of the limb appears. Since the hematoma develops quickly and reaches a large size, an elderly person cannot move his arm on his own due to severe pain. In rare cases, attempts to bring the injured shoulder into working condition lead to painful shock. For this category of injury, it is often enough to fall unsuccessfully without grouping the arms.
Fracture of the spine. Despite the severity of the injury, it can be caused by a normal fall at home.The symptom is most often invisible, so only a qualified doctor can detect it during an unplanned examination. Despite the fracture, a person may not feel it and pass for some time without noticing changes in the body.
The difficulty of diagnosis lies in the fact that common osteochondrosis can give similar symptoms. A simple examination or palpation of damaged areas often does not give any information even to experienced doctors, which is why checking for a fracture requires an X-ray.The snapshot will make it possible to detect even a small crack.
In case of suspicion of a spinal fracture, the patient should be referred to a hospital with the help of specialists. Independent movement is prohibited, doctors carry the patient to the ward only on a rigid stretcher. Treatment of the identified violations does not require the use of straps, rollers and other devices. It is enough to unload the spine, so doctors prescribe bed rest, massage and exercise.The patient is in this condition for about two months. It is forbidden to get up during this period.
A corset, which is recommended for patients after undergoing a course of treatment, can provide good support. It must be worn for about four months until complete recovery. As a preventive measure, massage and periodic examination by specialists are prescribed several times a year.
Features of the treatment of fractures in the elderly
Treatment of a fracture of any type in the elderly should always take place only under the supervision of a physician.Since the rehabilitation period for retirees takes longer than for young patients, regular supervision by a specialist will avoid mistakes and adverse consequences. Among the main stages of restoration, experts distinguish:
- Immobilization. It is necessary in almost every case, as it allows the bones to be fixed in their natural position. Reduction of bone tissue is also possible with a plaster onlay or special polymers.
- Direction.The reduction method is required in cases where it is necessary to place the bones in their natural position. In addition, it is possible to straighten with skeletal traction.
- Surgical fixation. In the case of bone fracture treatment, the need for surgery is low. However, intraosseous fixation is performed to cure the patient. The process is the placement of a metal rod or overlay plates that securely hold the bones in position. Thanks to the rigid installation of the rod made of durable metal, the patient can start using the injured limb in a few days.
- Rehabilitation. This is one of the most important processes on which the success of bone fusion and the general well-being of the patient depend. With the right approach during rehabilitation, the attending physician strengthens weakened muscles and joints.
What are the consequences after bone fracture
After undergoing the rehabilitation process, elderly patients may manifest themselves with a chronic disease or pathology of internal organs, which are responsible for the vital activity of the body.In the event of a fracture, the risk of exacerbation of old diseases in old age greatly increases. The reason is often a decrease in activity, which worsens the well-being of patients.
Due to varicose veins and increased blood clotting, thrombosis and embolism can actively develop. The occurrence of a fracture and a long rehabilitation period only exacerbate old sores. People who are most susceptible to this result are usually at least 50 years old.
The process of treating patients who have survived to old age includes various procedures.Among the main ones are:
- physiotherapy exercises, which are prescribed and supervised by the attending physician;
- restorative massage performed by specialists in a comprehensive manner;
- intake of calcium-rich vitamins.
A positive effect during treatment can be achieved by older people who follow the diet prescribed by the attending physician. Experts recommend using only healthy food with nutrients during the rehabilitation process.So, sick people recovering from a fracture should take dairy products, fatty fish, poultry, fresh vegetables and fruits, various legumes and cereals. Such a diet will allow an emaciated body to get in shape faster.
What prophylaxis for fractures should older people undergo
Prevention of excessive bone fragility, first of all, should begin with the choice of good foods and the composition of a balanced diet. Lack of nutrients in daily food in old age leads to the leaching of calcium from the body, the development of osteoporosis.That is why it is recommended to drink a glass of milk a day to normalize calcium in the body. However, please note that taking dairy products alone is not enough.
Also, as a prophylaxis of osteoporosis, you can use:
- regular examination of visual acuity;
- Periodic consultations with a neurologist;
- maintenance of normal blood pressure;
- change of home environment – it is recommended to remove all slippery surfaces and sharp corners that are in the house.
Injury can be avoided with proper use of your own body. Do not lift weights, as heavy stress on the joints leads to muscle rupture and bone damage. If there is no one to help, then when lifting a heavy load, it is worth straining the muscles of the thighs, but not using the muscles of the back. Thanks to this, you can significantly reduce the load on the spine.
Lifting weights with a strongly lowered head and an uneven back puts negative pressure on the intervertebral disc and back muscles.Due to the compression of the discs and the stretching of the muscle tissue, the lower back receives a strong blow, which can lead to loss of consciousness or injury. A corset will help to lighten the load. However, in case of frequent pain or detected osteoporosis, the belt is recommended to be worn at all times. It will reduce unpleasant back pain. Additional strengthening of the weak and worn-out areas of the body remains massage and physiotherapy exercises.
Following all the recommendations, we must not forget that with age we lose most of the calcium.In this regard, it is worth building your diet in such a way that nutrients enter the body daily. You can find the best products with a nutritionist. To understand what medications should be taken with age to maintain immunity, the attending physician will help.
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