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Can yeast infections make you sick: How to Treat, Causes, Symptoms, Risks & Antibiotic


Treatment, Causes, Prevention & Symptoms


What is a vaginal yeast infection?

Throughout your life, you may experience a vaginal yeast infection several times. Though uncomfortable, these infections are common. A vaginal yeast infection is a condition characterized by burning, itching, redness, and a white discharge from the vagina and vulva. These infections are caused by something that’s already in your body—a fungal body (yeast) called candida. Yeast is a type of fungus and candida is a specific type of yeast. When this yeast is balanced with the ecosystem of your body, there are no problems. But when that balance is disrupted, the yeast rapidly grows and you can get a yeast infection.

Vaginal yeast infections are also called vulvovaginal candidiasis or vaginal candidiasis. A vaginal yeast infection is actually a type of vaginitis, a condition where the vagina is swollen, painful and creates a discharge. There are several types of vaginitis—each with similar symptoms—but vaginal yeast infections are one of the most common.

How common are vaginal yeast infections?

Vaginal yeast infections are very common and happen to over 1 million women in the United States every year. These infections are the second most common cause of vaginitis.

What is candida?

It may be strange to think about, but fungus normally lives in several places within your body. One type of fungus—more specifically, yeast (a type of fungus)—that you have living in your mouth, digestive tract and vagina is candida. Normally, candida doesn’t cause a problem. It is supposed to be in your body. However, there is a careful balancing act constantly happening within your body and when it tilts one way or another, you may become sick.

There are several conditions you can develop when candida goes out of balance. If you develop a lot of the fungus in your mouth, it’s called thrush. If it develops in your vagina, it’s a vaginal yeast infection.

Symptoms and Causes

Why do vaginal yeast infections happen?

The loss of chemical balance in your vagina can cause candida to multiply. This can happen for a lot of reasons, including:

  • When you take an antibiotic medication that’s treating an infection of any type—a urinary tract infection (UTI) is one example. While treating this infection, good bacteria in the vagina is killed. This good bacteria was responsible for keeping the yeast in check. Without it, the balance is thrown off, leading to a yeast infection.
  • During pregnancy and while using hormonal contraceptives (birth control). Your hormones can be all over the charts during pregnancy. This change in your hormones can disrupt the balance of candida in the vagina.
  • If you have diabetes. When you have diabetes, there is too much sugar in your urine and the vagina is impacted by this surplus of sugar.
  • Having a weakened immune system. If you have a disease, like HIV or AIDS, your medications can suppress your immune system.

What are the symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?

There are several tell-tale signs of a vaginal yeast infection. These symptoms can include:

  • An itchy sensation in the vagina and vulva.
  • A thick, white vaginal discharge with the consistency of cottage cheese.
  • Redness and swelling of the vagina and vulva.
  • Small cuts or tiny cracks in the skin of the vulva because of friable skin in the area.
  • A burning feeling when you urinate.

In some cases, another symptom of a vaginal yeast infection can be pain during sex.

Diagnosis and Tests

How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?

A vaginal yeast infection is diagnosed by your healthcare provider. You will need to go in for an appointment and discuss your symptoms. Your healthcare provider may need to take a sample of discharge from your vagina to confirm the yeast infection. The combination of your symptoms and the sample of discharge will tell your healthcare provider what type of yeast infection you have and help determine the best way to treat the infection.

Management and Treatment

How do I treat a vaginal yeast infection?

When thinking about treatment for a vaginal yeast infection, it is important to know that there are many different types of yeast. Your healthcare provider may discuss different types of treatment depending on the type of yeast infection.

Your doctor will typically treat a vaginal yeast infection with an antifungal medication. This type of medication is specifically used to combat overgrowths of yeast in the body.

There are two forms of medication: oral or topical. Oral medications are taken by the mouth, while topical medications are applied to the affected area. Topical medications may include boric acid, nystatin, miconazole or clotrimazole. Your healthcare provider will give you information about each form of medication and directions on how to properly use each one. It is important to always follow your provider’s instructions when using these medications to make sure that the infection is fully resolved and doesn’t return.

Can I use over-the-counter treatment for a vaginal yeast infection?

Sometimes you can treat a vaginal yeast infection with over-the-counter medicines. However, you may want to avoid this if you aren’t completely sure that it’s actually a yeast infection. It is usually best to talk to your healthcare provider and make sure you are getting the right treatment for the condition.


How can I prevent vaginal yeast infections?

You often can prevent vaginal yeast infections by making a few lifestyle changes. These changes can include:

  • Not douching—douching can kill bacteria that actually controls fungus.
  • Avoiding the use of feminine deodorants.
  • Not using deodorant (scented) tampons or pads.
  • Changing out of wet clothing, especially bathing suits, as soon as you can.
  • Using water-based sexual lubricants.

If you have diabetes, it is important to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as possible. Controlling your diabetes can help prevent vaginal yeast infections.

The symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are similar to other conditions. If you have any questions, a physical exam by your healthcare provider will help.

Living With

What should I do if I have frequent yeast infections?

If you frequently have yeast infections, you should have a discussion with your healthcare provider. Your provider may:

  • Test to confirm that you really have a vaginal yeast infection.
  • Get a blood sugar test for diabetes.
  • Test for HIV/AIDS.
  • Discuss any possible hormonal changes (birth control or pregnancy).

Your healthcare provider will use your test results to make sure you are receiving the right treatment. It can be important to treat the underlying cause while treating your yeast infection. Controlling the reason for the infection can help prevent future vaginal yeast infections.

9 Signs Your Yeast Infection Might Not Actually Be A Yeast Infection & You Should Get It Checked Out

At the first sign of a vaginal itch, it’s easy to assume you’ve been plagued with a yeast infection. However, all that itching, burning, and discharge could actually be something else, so it’s important to look out for any signs that your yeast infection is not actually a yeast infection after all. Yeast infections are common — 75 percent of women will get one at least once in their life, according to Mayo Clinic — but because so many women self-diagnose, they often mistake another type of infection or type of irritation without even realizing it.

“It’s like yeast is the only infection women think can occur in the vagina, when in fact there is such a thing as normal, physiologic discharge, other types of vaginitis such as bacterial vaginosis, or even contact dermatitises that can cause vaginal/vulvar itching,” says Angela Jones, M.D., FACOG over email.

It’s important to make sure you’re treating the right type of issue to prevent any further complications down the line, which makes it essential you truly know what’s going on down there. If your symptoms aren’t getting better, you might want to look out for these nine signs that your yeast infection is actually something else.


It Doesn’t Get Better With Over-The-Counter Treatment

Matt Cardy/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Got yourself from Monistat, but you don’t show any improvements after the treatment? You might not have a yeast infection. “Most yeast infections should resolve with OTC meds,” says Sara Twogood, MD, FACOG over email. “If they don’t you’re likely treating the wrong cause.” It is possible to have a resistant yeast strain, so you’ll want to see a doctor who can determine this through a culture.


It Has A Bad Odor


Yeast infections often come with discharge, but it won’t have a strong smell. “If there is an abnormal odor — an unpleasant or fishy odor— it is more likely to be caused by a bacterial imbalance known as bacterial vaginosis,” says Jonathan Schaffir, MD over email. “This is a very common cause of vaginal discharge and discomfort.”


Your Partner Has The Same Symptoms


“Yeast infections are not transmitted through sexual contact,” says Twogood. “If your [partner] has the same symptoms, you should both be evaluated for STIs. That being said, sometimes sexual contact with a new partner can cause a temporary imbalance of the normal vagina flora, which can predispose a woman to a yeast infection. Regardless, it should be evaluated.”


There’s A Lot Of Discharge


Discharge can be a symptom of a yeast infection, but there are copious amounts, it’s likely something else. “Yeast infections are usually accompanied by white, thick, creamy, ‘cottage cheese-“like discharge,” says Twogood. “The texture and type of discharge changes, but women don’t usually complain about the amount of discharge.”


You Get It After A Bubble Bath


There is a common misconception that bubble baths cause yeast infections. “It is far more likely that the strong detergents, dyes, or fragrance additives that are added to such products cause irritation of the delicate vaginal skin, and there is no actual infection,” says Schaffir. “Avoidance of the irritant will usually clear it up.”


You Have Abdominal Pain


“The majority of vaginal infections are limited to the vulva and vagina, and they rarely make their way to the cervix, the uterus, the tubes and the pelvis/abdomen,” says reproductive endocrinologist Jaime M. Knopman, MD over email. “However, some sexually transmitted diseases (think chlamydia and gonorrhea), can make their way from the vagina to the uterus, the tubes, the ovaries, and the pelvis.” These can cause some serious infertility if not treated, so don’t ignore any abdominal pain.


You Have A Fever


A yeast infection doesn’t cause a fever. “Although the majority of vaginal infections are super annoying, they won’t make you super sick,” says Knopman. “Therefore, when a woman reports a fever as well as vaginal discharge, we start to think of things like gonorrhea, chlamydia, or even an infection in the kidneys.”


It Hurts To Pee


“Although vaginal discomfort can make urinating super uncomfortable, pain with urination is usually the tell tale sign of a urinary tract infection,” says Knopman. “In addition, women who report urinary frequency and urgency along with urinary discomfort are more likely to have a urinary tract infection rather than a vaginal infection.


You Get It After Unprotected Sex


“Vaginal discharge and itching may be due to trichomoniasis, an infection with an organism that is sexually transmitted,” says Schaffir. “Though easily treated, it will come right back if both partners are not treated.”

Preventing Vaginal Yeast Infections With Lifestyle and Diet Changes

Symptoms of a yeast infection

A vaginal yeast infection can be a miserable experience. Symptoms typically include:

  • Redness, swelling, and itching in and around your vaginal opening
  • Vaginal pain
  • Watery or thick discharge that looks like cottage cheese
  • Burning sensation while urinating or during intercourse

Causes of a yeast infection

Many things can cause a yeast infection. Some of the common causes of vaginal yeast infections include:

  • Uncontrolled diabetes. High amounts of sugar in your body can feed yeast in your vagina. Once you get your diabetes under control, the bacteria in your body should follow suit.
  • Antibiotics. Because antibiotics kill both good and bad bacteria, you’re more likely to get a yeast infection while taking them. If you get recurrent yeast infections, let your doctor know if they’re considering prescribing an antibiotic. They may be able to help.
  • Sex. You can pass a yeast infection to your partner during sex, so communicate clearly with your partner before engaging in intercourse.
  • Hormones during pregnancy, menopause, or breastfeeding can change the bacterial balance in your vagina.
  • Immune system disorders may let yeast grow uncontrolled in your body.
  • Products like vaginal sprays or douches can change the balance of bacteria in your vagina.

Being aware of the causes of a yeast infection can often help to head them off before symptoms begin. For example, if you know you’ll be taking antibiotics, also take probiotics. This can help keep the bacteria in your vagina balanced.

Diet for a yeast infection

The foods you eat may be contributing to your recurring yeast infections. Yeast loves sugar. Avoiding the following foods (also known as a Candida diet) can curb the growth of yeast in your body.

  • White flour and rice
  • Foods or drinks fermented with yeast
  • Foods made up of simple sugars

Although avoiding these foods may help you avoid a yeast infection, this diet can be difficult to maintain. Fortunately, you may not need to completely eliminate these foods to see positive effects in the number or severity of yeast infections you get. Cutting back in small amounts may help.

It may also help to increase your intake of healthy proteins and fats and increase your intake of low-starch fruits and vegetables. Eating a low-sugar diet doesn’t mean you have to go hungry; you just need to eat more from other food groups.

Probiotics might help

Certain bacteria occur naturally in your digestive tract, on your skin, and in other parts of your body. When you get a yeast infection, your body’s natural bacteria have gotten out of balance. Consuming probiotics can help to balance the good bacteria in your body. Good sources for probiotics are:

  • Yogurt with live bacterial cultures
  • Fermented foods such as kimchi, kefir, kombucha, sauerkraut, and pickles
  • Supplements containing lactobacillus or acidophilus

Some women have success in preventing and treating yeast infections when they consume yogurt (or a probiotic supplement) regularly.

Lifestyle changes for preventing yeast infections

You can do several other things – beyond dieting – to help prevent yeast infections. In fact, good genital hygiene is one of the best ways to prevent this type of infection. This includes:

  • Keep things clean. Use mild, unscented soap and water to keep your vaginal area clean.
  • Choose the right underwear. Your underwear should keep your genital area dry. Cotton underwear is a good choice. Sleeping without underwear can also help.
  • After using the bathroom, wipe from front to back to avoid spreading yeast or bacteria between your anus, urinary tract, or vagina.
  • Don’t wear swimsuits longer than necessary. Wearing a wet swimsuit will foster the spread of yeast because it keeps things warm and wet.
  • Don’t wear tight clothes. Tight-fitting clothing also keeps your genitals warm and moist.
  • Change tampons and pads regularly.
  • Avoid douches and any kind of perfumed sprays, powders, or tampons.

When to see a doctor?

Even with all of your preventive efforts, you can still get a yeast infection. So when should you see a doctor? You should consider making an appointment if:

  • You’re experiencing a yeast infection for the first time
  • Your symptoms don’t go away after using over-the-counter antifungal vaginal creams or suppositories
  • You’re not sure if you have a yeast infection
  • You develop unrelated symptoms
  • You have recurrent yeast infections regardless of any preventive efforts

Candida Infection: Thrush | Cedars-Sinai

Not what you’re looking for?

What is thrush?

Thrush is a fungal infection. It occurs in your mouth and throat.

Your mouth and throat normally contain millions of tiny organisms. These include bacteria
and yeast. Most of these organisms do not cause any problems. In fact, they may help
fight disease.

Yeasts are a type of fungus. A type
of yeast called Candida normally lives on the mucous membranes of your mouth and throat.
Usually, this yeast grows only in small numbers and is harmless. But under certain
circumstances, the Candida fungus can grow out of control and cause thrush.

Thrush does not usually affect
healthy adults. It is more common in people with a weakened immune system, diabetes,
certain other chronic conditions. It is also more likely in people who take certain
kinds of medicines. Thrush is normally not contagious.

There are 2 major kinds of thrush:

  • Pseudomembranous form. This is the more common form. It
    appears as white patches on your mouth, tongue, or back of your throat.
  • Atrophic form. This is the less common form. It is usually
    found in older adults. It typically appears as red patches underneath upper

Thrush is sometimes linked to other
kinds of Candida infections. For example, people who have thrush sometimes have a
Candida infection of the esophagus or vagina as well. The term thrush refers to a
infection of only the mouth and throat. But Candida sometimes causes infection in
areas of the body.

What causes thrush?

Thrush happens when the Candida
fungus multiplies inside your mouth and throat. It crowds out other organisms.
Circumstances that throw off the normal balance of organisms can trigger thrush. One
example is when you take antibiotics. These medicines may kill some of the normal
bacteria present in your mouth. Candida is unaffected by the antibiotics, allowing
fungus to multiply freely. That is why people on antibiotics have an increased risk

Other factors that can disrupt the normal balance of organisms and increase the risk
of thrush are:

  • Dentures
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Diabetes
  • Organ transplantation
  • Corticosteroid use, inhaled, oral, or
    IV (intravenous)
  • Immune deficiency, such as from
  • Dry mouth

Several types of Candida can cause an infection. But the most common one is Candida

Who is at risk for thrush?

You may have an increased risk for
thrush if you have any of the above factors that disrupt the balance of organisms.
adults and infants also have an increased risk for it.

What are the symptoms of thrush?

If you have thrush, you might have the following symptoms:

  • Cottony feeling in your mouth
  • Loss of taste
  • Sensitivity to spicy foods
  • Pain while eating or swallowing
  • White or red patches inside your mouth
    or on the back of your throat
  • Cracking at the corners of your

Some people with thrush don’t have any symptoms.

How is thrush diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will take
your medical history. He or she will ask you about your symptoms and your past health
information. Your healthcare provider will also look closely at your mouth and throat.
If there are any white or red patches, your provider might scrape the affected area
a tongue depressor. Your healthcare provider may be able to diagnose thrush just from
the appearance of the mouth sores (lesions). But a simple lab test of the sample can
also often confirm it.

If you don’t have a known health problem that puts you at risk for thrush, you may
need follow-up testing. For example, you may need an HIV test to figure out if you
have a condition you don’t yet know about.

Esophageal candidiasis may occur
along with thrush (especially in people who have HIV/AIDS or an organ transplant).
you do have thrush, your healthcare provider may also check for this condition. You
might need an upper endoscopy. It’s a procedure that allows a healthcare provider
look at your esophagus and also take a tissue sample for testing.

How is thrush treated?

Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It
will also depend on how severe the condition is.

It is important to treat thrush
early to relieve the pain and trouble swallowing, and to prevent the spread of

Thrush is usually treated with
antifungal medicine. These medicines could be in pill form. Or they may be put directly
(topically) on your mouth and throat. They may include a swish and swallow medicine
an antifungal lozenge. They target the Candida overgrowth.

If the thrush doesn’t respond to
topical treatment, your healthcare provider will likely switch treatment to an
antifungal pill. This medicine is often stronger against Candida. It will also treat
in multiple locations in the body. The length and type of your therapy will depend
several factors. These include the severity of your infection and any other health
problems. In rare cases, you may need to take medicine through an IV.

Some people may also need ongoing
preventive treatment with oral antifungal medicines. You might need them if you are
continued high risk for thrush.

Your healthcare provider will also be trying to find out if the
thrush developed because of an underlying reason. They may suggest changes that will
help cure the thrush faster and help prevent it from happening again.

Typically, your healthcare provider
can manage the diagnosis and treatment of thrush. But you may need to see an infectious
disease specialist.

What are possible complications of thrush?

Systemic infection from thrush is
very unlikely. People who are debilitated or have problems with their immune system
are at risk of the thrush spreading to the esophagus. And, rarely, they may develop
much more serious Candida infection throughout their body. Additional risk factors
systemic infection in very ill people include:

  • Central venous lines
  • IV nutrition
  • Broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • Kidney failure
  • Recent surgery
  • Very low white blood cell count in the blood

What can I do to prevent thrush?

You may be able to help prevent some cases of thrush. That is especially important
if you have a health problem that increases your risk for it.

  • Practice good oral hygiene. Try using a chlorhexidine mouthwash.
  • Clean your dentures regularly as instructed. Make sure they fit you correctly.
  • After using a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth with water or mouthwash.
  • Avoid broad-spectrum antibiotics. Use them only if you really need them.
  • Get proper treatment for health
    problems that increase your risk of thrush, like diabetes or HIV/AIDS.

When should I call my healthcare provider?

If you have a health problem that raises your risk of thrush, call your healthcare
provider at the first sign of symptoms.

Key points about thrush

  • Thrush is a fungal infection of your mouth and throat. It is caused by an overgrowth
    of Candida yeast.
  • Antibiotics and immune system problems can raise your risk of thrush. It is uncommon
    in people without underlying conditions.
  • Thrush might cause a cottony feeling
    in your mouth or a loss of taste.
  • Usually, antifungal medicine can treat thrush.
  • Sometimes untreated thrush may turn into a more serious infection, especially in people
    who are very ill. Prompt treatment for thrush can help prevent that.
  • Practicing good oral hygiene can prevent some cases of thrush.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:

  • Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
  • Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells
  • At the visit, write down the name of a
    new diagnosis and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new
    instructions your provider gives you.
  • Know why a new medicine or treatment
    is prescribed and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
  • Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that
  • Know how you can contact your provider
    if you have questions.

Medical Reviewer: Barry Zingman MD

Medical Reviewer: Raymond Turley Jr PA-C

Medical Reviewer: L Renee Watson MSN RN

© 2000-2021 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional’s instructions.

Not what you’re looking for?

4 Weird Ways Your Vagina Health Changes When You’re Sick

When you’re sick, you’re probably not thinking about your vagina. Chances are, trying to squeeze in a doctor visit and figuring out which show to binge while you’re laying low in bed are higher on your list of priorities. But a surprising number of seemingly unrelated health issues can show up in your vagina—from stress to dehydration to the common cold, the flu, or a fever.

How your vagina is affected when you’re sick depends on a few key things: your body, what you’ve come down with, and what meds you’re taking to treat it. Here are the most common ways your vagina can change when you get sick, according to experts.


Any sickness that dehydrates you will also dehydrate your vagina, explains Peter Rizk, M.D. an ob-gyn specializing in fertility at Fairhaven Health. That means you may not get as wet as usual during sex (if you feel up to having it), so lube could be extra important. It also means you might see less of the vaginal discharge that normally shows up on your underwear throughout the day. When you’re sick, it’s even more important to hydrate—especially if you want to keep things slick down there.

Extra discharge

On the flip side, if you have a viral infection, things could go the other way down south. Part of the immune system’s response to any viral infection, such as a flu or cold, is to make the blood vessels more permeable, leading to an increase in all secretions containing white blood cells. And that doesn’t just mean blood: Your vaginal discharge actually contains a bunch of white blood cells, which help keep the vagina’s bacteria and yeast levels balanced, says Candace Howe, M.D., a board-certified ob-gyn in California.

If you take medicine, however, it could cancel out that effect, Dr. Howe says. Decongestants, antihistamines such as Benadryl, and mucus-reducing meds like guaifenesin can dry up your body’s mucus membranes—including those in your vagina.

Yeast infections

If you’re taking antibiotics, they can have their own effects on your lady bits. In the process of killing the bacteria that’s causing your infection, they can also kill healthy vaginal bacteria, which can increase your risk for bacterial infections like yeast infections and vaginitis, says Yvonne Bohn, M.D., an ob-gyn in California.

This bacterial issue can last long after your original infection is over, says Mary Jane Minkin, M.D., a clinical professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at Yale School of Medicine. “Even if you took antibiotics a few weeks [ago], you could still show up with a yeast infection related to the antibiotics,” she says. Dr. Bohn’s recommendation: Take a probiotic to keep vaginal infections at bay, especially if you’re on antibiotics.

Irregular bleeding

Another issue Dr. Minkin points to is vaginal bleeding. Some women who get medically-prescribed steroid injections for joint problems will experience “funky irregular bleeding related to the steroid injection,” she says. If this happens to you, check in with your gyno and make sure to bring up any recent steroid treatments in the process.

The good news is, any changes that happen to your vagina while you’re sick will likely pass along with the illness. If they don’t, there may be a separate issue causing trouble. If anything seems off or different from your norm, it’s worth a chat with your doctor.

Female Genital Problems and Injuries

Topic Overview

Most women experience minor vaginal problems from time to time. These problems can be related to menstrual cycles, sex, infection, birth control methods, aging, medicines, or changes after pregnancy.

A change in your normal vaginal discharge may be the first sign of a vaginal problem. Changes in urination, such as having to urinate more frequently or having a burning feeling when you urinate, also may be a symptom of a vaginal problem.

Conditions that may cause a change in your normal vaginal discharge include:

Pelvic Pain

The exact cause of pelvic pain may be hard to find. The severity of your pain and other symptoms you have may help determine what is causing the pain. For example: A condition, such as functional ovarian cysts, may cause pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding when you are not having your period.

Vaginal infections

If you think you may have symptoms of an STI:

  • Do not have sexual contact or activity while waiting for your appointment. This will prevent the spread of the infection.
  • Women should not douche. Douching changes the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina. Douching may flush an infection up into your uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

The presence or excess growth of yeast cells, bacteria, or viruses can cause a vaginal infection. A vaginal infection may occur when there is a change in the normal balance of organisms in your vagina.

The three most common types of vaginal infections are:

  • Candida vulvovaginitis (yeast infections).
  • Bacterial infections (bacterial vaginosis).
  • Parasitic infections (trichomoniasis).

Common symptoms of vaginal infection include:

  • Increase or change in the vaginal discharge, including gray, green, or yellow discharge.
  • Vaginal redness, swelling, itching, or pain.
  • Vaginal odour.
  • Burning with urination.
  • Pain or bleeding with sex.

If you are pregnant and have vaginal symptoms, talk with your doctor about your symptoms before considering any home treatment measures. Some home treatment measures may not be appropriate, depending on the cause of your vaginal infection. Conditions such as bacterial vaginosis can affect your pregnancy, so it is important to talk with your doctor and be treated appropriately.

Vaginal infections may increase the risk for pelvic infections, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Vaginal or vulvar problems

Other vaginal or vulvar problems may occur from the use of birth control methods, the use of medicines, or aging, or as a result of changes after pregnancy. These problems include:

  • Vaginal prolapse, which may cause urination and bowel changes.
  • Retained tampon, birth control device, or foreign object. See how to remove an object from the vagina.
  • Vulvar or vaginal injury, such as landing on a metal bar such as on a bike or playground equipment or from an object in the vagina.
  • Vulvar pain (vulvodynia).
  • Pudendal neuralgia, from pressure on the pudendal nerve in the genital area.
  • Noninfectious vaginitis. Examples of this include:

A young girl with unusual vaginal symptoms should be evaluated by her doctor to determine the cause. Vaginitis in a young girl may be caused by:

  • A ball of toilet paper in her vagina.
  • Pinworms that have spread from the anus to the vagina.
  • The spread of bacteria from an upper respiratory infection of the ears (otitis media) or throat (tonsillitis) to the vagina by her hands.

A young girl with vaginal symptoms must also be evaluated for possible sexual abuse.

Rashes, sores, blisters, or lumps in the vaginal or vulvar area

Many conditions can cause a rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area (vulva). One of the most common causes of a rash is genital skin irritation that may occur when soap is not rinsed off the skin or when tight-fitting or wet clothes rub against the skin. A sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area may require a visit to your doctor.

Treatment of a vaginal problem depends on the cause of the problem, the severity of your symptoms, and your overall health condition.

Check Your Symptoms

Do you have a problem in the genital area?

This includes things like vaginal itching or discharge, pelvic pain, and other problems in the pubic area.


Problem in genital area


Problem in genital area

How old are you?

11 years or younger

11 years or younger

12 to 55 years

12 to 55 years

56 years or older

56 years or older

Are you male or female?

Why do we ask this question?

The medical assessment of symptoms is based on the body parts you have.

  • If you are transgender or non-binary, choose the sex that matches the body parts (such as ovaries, testes, prostate, breasts, penis, or vagina) you now have in the area where you are having symptoms.
  • If your symptoms aren’t related to those organs, you can choose the gender you identify with.
  • If you have some organs of both sexes, you may need to go through this triage tool twice (once as “male” and once as “female”). This will make sure that the tool asks the right questions for you.

Are you pregnant?

Yes, you know that you’re pregnant.


No, you’re not pregnant, or you’re not sure if you’re pregnant.


Are you having any abnormal vaginal bleeding?

Bleeding is abnormal if it occurs at a time when you aren’t expecting it or if it’s a lot heavier or lighter than what you are used to.


Abnormal vaginal bleeding


Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Have you had an injury in the genital area?


Injury in genital area

Do you have a deep cut or heavy bleeding in the genital area?


Deep cut or heavy bleeding in genital area


Deep cut or heavy bleeding in genital area

Do you have new pain in your lower belly, pelvis, or genital area that is different than your usual menstrual cramps?


Lower abdominal, pelvic, or genital pain


Lower abdominal, pelvic, or genital pain

Do you think you may have a fever?

Do you have a rash that looks like a sunburn?

Do you think that the symptoms may have been caused by sexual abuse?

Do you have severe itching?

Do you have a rash or any sores, blisters, or lumps in your vaginal area?


Rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area


Rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area

Do you have new sores, blisters, or lumps in the vaginal area?


New sores, blisters, or lumps in vaginal area


New sores, blisters, or lumps in vaginal area

Do you have a rash in the vaginal area that looks like warts?


Wart-like rash in vaginal area


Wart-like rash in vaginal area

Do you feel anything bulging into your vagina or feel pelvic pressure when you move?


Bulging into vagina or increased pelvic pressure with movement


Bulging into vagina or increased pelvic pressure with movement

Is there an object in the vagina that you cannot remove?


Unable to remove an object from vagina


Unable to remove an object from vagina

Do you think that a medicine may be causing your vaginal problems?

Think about whether the problems started after you began taking a new medicine or a higher dose of a medicine.


Medicine may be causing symptoms


Medicine may be causing symptoms

Have you had symptoms for more than 1 week?


Vaginal symptoms for more than 1 week


Vaginal symptoms for more than 1 week

Many things can affect how your body responds to a symptom and what kind of care you may need. These include:

  • Your age. Babies and older adults tend to get sicker quicker.
  • Your overall health. If you have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, you may need to pay closer attention to certain symptoms and seek care sooner.
  • Medicines you take. Certain medicines and natural health products can cause symptoms or make them worse.
  • Recent health events, such as surgery or injury. These kinds of events can cause symptoms afterwards or make them more serious.
  • Your health habits and lifestyle, such as eating and exercise habits, smoking, alcohol or drug use, sexual history, and travel.

Try Home Treatment

You have answered all the questions. Based on your answers, you may be able to take care of this problem at home.

  • Try home treatment to relieve the symptoms.
  • Call your doctor if symptoms get worse or you have any concerns (for example, if symptoms are not getting better as you would expect). You may need care sooner.

Urinary symptoms may include:

  • Pain when you urinate.
  • Trouble urinating.
  • Not being able to urinate at all.
  • Blood in your urine.

Symptoms of a vaginal infection may include:

    • Vaginal itching.
    • Vaginal discharge that is not normal for you.
    • Vaginal odour.
    • Red, irritated skin in the vaginal area.
    • Pain when you urinate.
    • Pain or bleeding when you have sex.

Many prescription and non-prescription medicines can cause vaginal symptoms. A few examples are:

  • Antibiotics.
  • Birth control pills.
  • Hormone therapy.
  • Chemotherapy for cancer.
  • Vaginal sprays, douches, and spermicides.

Pain in adults and older children

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that you can’t stand it for more than a few hours, can’t sleep, and can’t do anything else except focus on the pain.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The pain is bad enough to disrupt your normal activities and your sleep, but you can tolerate it for hours or days. Moderate can also mean pain that comes and goes even if it’s severe when it’s there.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): You notice the pain, but it is not bad enough to disrupt your sleep or activities.

Pain in children under 3 years

It can be hard to tell how much pain a baby or toddler is in.

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that the baby cannot sleep, cannot get comfortable, and cries constantly no matter what you do. The baby may kick, make fists, or grimace.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The baby is very fussy, clings to you a lot, and may have trouble sleeping but responds when you try to comfort him or her.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): The baby is a little fussy and clings to you a little but responds when you try to comfort him or her.

Seek Care Now

Based on your answers, you may need care right away. The problem is likely to get worse without medical care.

  • Call your doctor now to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care in the next hour.
  • You do not need to call an ambulance unless:
    • You cannot travel safely either by driving yourself or by having someone else drive you.
    • You are in an area where heavy traffic or other problems may slow you down.

Seek Care Today

Based on your answers, you may need care soon. The problem probably will not get better without medical care.

  • Call your doctor today to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care today.
  • If it is evening, watch the symptoms and seek care in the morning.
  • If the symptoms get worse, seek care sooner.

Make an Appointment

Based on your answers, the problem may not improve without medical care.

  • Make an appointment to see your doctor in the next 1 to 2 weeks.
  • If appropriate, try home treatment while you are waiting for the appointment.
  • If symptoms get worse or you have any concerns, call your doctor. You may need care sooner.

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

Pregnancy-Related Problems

Home Treatment

A vaginal infection may clear up without treatment in 2 or 3 days.

  • If you could be pregnant, do a home pregnancy test. Any pregnant woman with abnormal vaginal symptoms should talk with her doctor about her symptoms before considering using any home treatment measures or non-prescription medicines. For more information, see the topic Pregnancy-Related Problems.
  • Avoid sex so that irritated vaginal tissues can heal.
  • Do not scratch the vaginal area. Relieve itching with a cold water compress or cool baths. Warm baths may also relieve pain and itching.
  • Make sure that the cause of your symptoms is not a forgotten tampon or other foreign object that needs to be removed.
  • Wear loose-fitting, cotton clothing. Stay away from nylon and synthetics, because they hold heat and moisture close to the skin, which makes it easier for an infection to start. You may want to remove pyjama bottoms or underwear when you sleep.
  • Do not douche unless your doctor tells you to.
  • If you have gone through menopause, try using a vaginal lubricant, such as Astroglide, to reduce irritation caused by having sex.

Vaginal yeast infections

If you have symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection and have been diagnosed and treated by your doctor for this condition in the past, you may want to try treating it at home using a non-prescription medicine, such as tioconazole (for example, Trosyd), clotrimazole (for example, Gyne-Lotrimin), or miconazole (for example, Monistat) to treat your symptoms.

If your symptoms do not improve with home treatment, contact your doctor. Vaginal symptoms that may be related to another type of vaginal infection or a cervical infection need to be evaluated.

Women who take the blood-thinning medicine warfarin (Coumadin) and use a non-prescription vaginal yeast-fighting medicine, such as Monistat, may have increased bruising and abnormal bleeding. Consult with your doctor before using a yeast-fighting medicine if you take warfarin.

Symptoms to watch for during home treatment

Call your doctor if any of the following occur during home treatment:

  • Symptoms of a vaginal infection develop.
  • Unexpected vaginal bleeding develops.
  • A fever develops.
  • You have moderate to severe pain.
  • Your symptoms become more severe or frequent.


If you practice good genital hygiene, you can also help prevent infection:

  • Keep your vaginal area clean. Use mild, unscented soap and water. Rinse well.
  • After using the toilet, wipe from front to back to avoid spreading yeast or bacteria from your anus to the vagina or urinary tract.
  • Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn’t hold in warmth and moisture. One good choice is cotton underwear.
  • Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose and tight-fitting jeans. These may increase body heat and moisture in your genital area.
  • Change out of a wet swimsuit right away. Wearing a wet swimsuit for many hours may keep your genital area warm and moist.
  • Change pads or tampons often.
  • Don’t douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes. These items can change the normal balance of organisms in your vagina.

Take antibiotics when needed, but avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics. Taking antibiotics exposes you to the risks of allergic reactions and antibiotic side effects (such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and yeast infections). Also, antibiotics may kill good bacteria.

Preparing For Your Appointment

To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.

You can help your doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being prepared to answer the following questions:

  • What are your main symptoms?
  • How long have you had your symptoms?
  • Have you had this problem in the past? If so, do you know what caused the problem at that time? How was it treated?
  • What does your vaginal discharge look and smell like?
  • What was the date of your last menstrual period? If you have been through menopause, how long ago was your last menstrual period?
  • Are you currently using any type of birth control method?
  • What medicines (especially antibiotics) are you taking or have you taken recently, if any?
  • Do you have any symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
  • What home treatment measures have you tried? Did they help?
  • What non-prescription medicines have you tried? Did they help?
  • Do you have a new sex partner? Do you have more than one sex partner? Does your partner have any symptoms? Have you had sex without using a condom? Do you think you have recently been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI)?
  • Have you been diagnosed and treated for a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the past? If so, what was your diagnosis, and what treatment was done?
  • Do you have symptoms of a urinary tract infection, such as pain or burning on urination and a frequent urge to urinate?
  • Do you have any health risks?


Current as of:
June 26, 2019

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP – Emergency Medicine
Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine
H. Michael O’Connor MD – Emergency Medicine

Current as of: June 26, 2019

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review:William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP – Emergency Medicine & Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine & H. Michael O’Connor MD – Emergency Medicine

Vaginal Yeast Infection | Aunt Marthas

Patient Education Materials


Vaginal Yeast Infection

The normal healthy vagina has many microorganisms (MY-kro-OR-gan-izms) including bacteria and yeasts. An overgrowth of yeast causes a vaginal yeast infection. Even a small change in the amount of yeast can cause redness and swelling of the vagina and the genital area.

Yeasts are the second most common cause of vaginal infections. All women can get yeast infections, but antibiotics (AN-tee-by-OT-iks), pregnancy, diabetes, and a weak immune system all can increase your risk for getting one. A yeast infection is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This means you don’t get it from sex.

  • Mild to severe genital or vaginal itching
  • Vaginal irritation: redness, swelling, or burning (often with urination or sex)

Some women have symptoms that do not go away after taking the usual medicines. Some women get yeast infections often. Other types of vaginal infections or medical conditions may have the same symptoms as yeast infections, so it’s important to be checked by your doctor.


Your provider can detect a yeast infection by using a few simple tests. If you’ve never had a yeast infection before, and you are having symptoms, you should see your provider. He or she can check to make sure it is not another kind of infection.


There are many treatments for a yeast infection. Some are available without a prescription. Your doctor may prescribe a cream or suppository for your vagina or a medicine you take by mouth.

It’s very important that you finish taking all of the medicine even if your symptoms have gone away. If you are not feeling better after 2 to 3 days, call your doctor.

During your treatment

Here are some steps you can take to help you feel better during your treatment:

  • Do not use any vaginal preparations such as douches, feminine hygiene sprays, or contraceptive foams, inserts, or jellies.
  • If you have your menstrual period while treating a yeast infection, use pads instead of tampons because tampons can absorb the medication.
  • Avoid having sex during treatment and for 3 days after treatment. Also, the oils in a cream or suppository used for treatment can weaken a latex condom or a diaphragm used for birth control.

Here are some steps you can take to help prevent a vaginal yeast infection from returning:

  • After using the toilet, always wipe from front to back (away from the vagina).
  • Discuss any medicines you take with your provider. Some medicines can make you more likely to develop a yeast infection.

90,000 Doctors explain the relationship between nutrition and slow recovery from covid

The transferred coronavirus can lead to disruption of the intestines and a prolonged recovery from the disease. As the doctors explained to Gazeta.Ru, having entered the body, covid kills some of the cells, slowing down the process of absorption of nutrients necessary to maintain the functioning of organs. The most affected are those who mistakenly treat COVID-19 with antibiotics – according to doctors, these drugs destroy the body from the inside, preventing it from starting the process of final recovery.

Intestinal malfunctions make it difficult for the whole body to recover from coronavirus infection. This was stated by the rheumatologist Pavel Evdokimenko on his YouTube channel.

In general, the work of the digestive system after an illness is getting better slower than the sense of smell or sleep.

“This is the most difficult problem. In most cases, it occurs in people who have taken antibiotics. There may be allergic reactions. You have to understand that these people are likely to recover longer, ”said the doctor.

Earlier, the medical portal BIOCODEX also published a study conducted by specialists from the United States – it also showed the relationship between bowel dysfunction and covid. According to scientists, this is mainly due to the fact that symptoms of damage to the gastrointestinal tract, such as vomiting, nausea and diarrhea, are often found in severe disease.

According to the research data, among 10 thousand patients with coronavirus, the prevalence of these symptoms ranged from 10% to 17.6%.Their occurrence can be influenced by several mechanisms at once: this is the multiplication of the virus in the intestine itself, a change in the composition and functions of microflora as a result of hypoxia caused by COVID-19, or the involvement of the “intestine-brain” axis. Doctors explain the latter as follows:

“The gut nervous system can be affected either directly by viral infection or by components of the immune response, resulting in increased diarrhea and likely stimulation of the vagus nerve to induce vomiting,” the study said.

The likelihood of a relationship between disruptions in the work of the intestines and recovery from the postponed coronavirus was also confirmed by Russian doctors. In general, the virus itself can proceed in the intestinal form, noted Konstantin Khomanov, a general practitioner, founder of the Physician’s Handbook application. In such cases, it affects the gastrointestinal tract from the esophagus to the rectum.

“However, nausea and vomiting can still be a manifestation of intoxication – a general inflammatory reaction in a severe form of the disease.They cannot be attributed only to covid, but it is important and necessary to understand the reason in detail, ”the doctor said.

Infectionist Anna Balandina explained to Gazeta.Ru that intestinal fermentation in covid may be due to the fact that the cells of the intestinal epithelium on their surface contain receptors through which the coronavirus enters them.

“Through these receptors, it infects both the cells of the respiratory tract and the cells of the gastrointestinal tract. Because of this, cells die and the processes of cellular digestion and absorption of nutrients are disrupted.Thus, the digestive system can serve as an entrance gate for other infections, which will also slow down the recovery process after coronavirus, ”the doctor emphasized.

The general condition of an infected person is also influenced by diseases that he learned about only after the immunity switched to coronavirus and stopped suppressing them, nutritionist Elena Solomatina told Gazeta.Ru:

“The intestine is a powerful link in our immune system that cannot remain unaffected by a viral load.During the period when the body is exposed to such stress, even those diseases that the immune system had previously suppressed creep out. In the intestines, a rumbling begins, pathogenic flora begins to creep out, which further leads to the development of other unpleasant diseases – for example, in women, everything can end up with thrush. Some still drink antibiotics in addition to everything else – and they generally kill all living things. And a person suffers from internal destruction even when the virus has already left. ”

Gut problems could potentially lead to eating disorders, the nutritionist said.“Our choice of food depends on this organ – whether we want sweets or sausages, this is determined by the bacteria that live there. And if there are more of them after an illness, then they dictate their conditions and the person, violating the diet even more, brings himself more and more problems, ”she said.

Aggravating the situation with harmful products, you can bring yourself to chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: ulcers and cholecystitis, warned therapist Ekaterina Yashina.

“If in such cases symptoms such as diarrhea or vomiting appear, then all bacteria and vitamins are washed out – microflora is disturbed, which ultimately will lead to protracted problems and subsequent long treatment,” she told Gazeta.Ru “.

To help yourself in such cases, the nutritionist advises a balanced diet. Food should be at room temperature, without coarse dietary fiber. Porridge with milk or water, fermented milk products are well suited, the infectious disease specialist Balandina advises.

The therapist Yashina agrees with her colleagues: according to her, it is important to follow a diet that a gastroenterologist selects for each individual case.

“In addition, it is worth drinking auxiliary preparations that contain useful enzymes, live lyophilized lactic acid bacteria, bifidobacteria, lactobacilli and enterococci, which are a normal component of the natural intestinal microflora.It is difficult to restore the microflora of the stomach without drugs and auxiliary enzymes, ”the doctor concluded.

90,000 Sickening food that some consider to be a true delicacy

  • Boris Maksimov
  • BBC Russian Service

Photo author, Getty Images

There are no comrades for taste and color. As well as smell and texture. Many countries have local delicacies that, at best, cause disgust and nausea throughout the rest of the world.

Often, quite often, it is something rotten. Don’t roll your eyes at the thought of this, because after all, cheese is a rotting milk product, wine is a grape, and beer is barley.

In general, scientists have recently been saying that the more you eat rotten food that has undergone a fermentation process, the better for your health, as it dramatically improves the microbiome (microflora composition) of your intestines.

But still, some foods and dishes to a stranger seem to be the literal embodiment of some particularly sophisticated nightmare.

It should be immediately noted here that scientists and food producers share the processes of fermentation, fermentation and decay – these are not complete synonyms. But all these processes involve the degradation of proteins. And an ordinary person who has nothing to do with laboratories and the production of delicacies perceives all this as something rotting. Sometimes very good rotting.

Throughout this article, the words “rot” or “decay” describe all these – generally similar – processes. This is not entirely scientific. But it fully reflects the feelings of a person who for the first time in his life faced with these supposedly edible products.

And here are some examples of delicacies, after reading about which, you will wake up in a cold sweat for a long time.

Of course, all evaluative statements in this text reflect exclusively the taste preferences of the author and no one else – and do not pretend to be an unbiased assessment of certain dishes.

Practically all of these delicacies have been tasted by your humble servant himself. The first – and the last time in my life.

Living Crying Cheese

There is nothing more surprising than the casu marzu cheese from Sardinia.This cheese is so unusual that according to the European rules of hygiene and protection of public health, it is prohibited to produce it.

But prohibitions, as is known from the entire history of mankind, only arouse interest and appetite. In Sardinia, the casu marzu black market emerged immediately after the euro ban, and hipsters all over Europe are paying good money to get their hands on the treat.

So what’s the problem, you ask.

Making kasu marzu is not so difficult, but how to eat this cheese is a separate question.

Photo author, Getty Images

Photo caption,

Casu marzu cheese from Sardinia should be eaten when the larvae jump out of it

Pecorino cheese is taken and left in a dry and quiet place to rot. Cheese flies climb into it and leave their larvae there. The larvae (also known as cheese worms) thrive there, and through their digestive activity, a liquid begins to be released from the cheese, which those in the know call tears.

This is when the cheese starts to “myrrh”, it should be eaten.

But this is not a simple procedure. The larvae of cheese flies are distinguished by two features – they are shy, and when they are scared for their lives, they are also jumpy. They can jump 15 centimeters.

So, the kasu marzu is put on the table. The eater takes a knife in one hand to cut off a tidbit for himself, and with the other hand covers his face so that jumping larvae do not get into the nose or eyes.

Those who do not like to eat prancing maggots can put the cheese in a paper bag and wrap it tightly.The larvae will notice the lack of oxygen and will start jumping again. After their rustling in the bag stops, you can eat the cheese.

This time with dead cheese worms.

Urea surplus

When it comes to rotting, there is no limit to human ingenuity.

Let’s say you live in Iceland, in some distant century there. There is little food in the country, but the coastal waters are full of Greenland sharks.

Well, you say, what is the problem – to catch and eat!

It’s not that simple.Greenland shark meat is fatal to humans, as it is oversaturated with urea.

This did not stop the Icelanders.

Photo author, Getty Images

Photo caption,

First of all, sharks gut and cut off their heads.

Sharks are caught, gutted and their heads are cut off. The remaining body is buried in the sand and pressed from above with stones so that all the juices from the carcass flow out.

This shark rots for several months. There comes a time when even seagulls will not touch this meat.Here the shark is dug up, cut into pieces, and the pieces are hung out for a few more months in the barn, so that they still rotted well.

Then you can eat it.

Since the delicacy is distinguished by the strongest taste and smell of ammonia, by tradition one should drink the local schnapps, popularly known as “plague”, at the same time. This drink is also not for the faint of heart, but it fights off the taste and smell of ammonia well. The main thing is to swallow both as quickly as possible.

If you have neither the time nor the energy to bury and dig up a shark and in every possible way contribute to its decay, go to any Icelandic supermarket and buy this thing called a haukartl.

The best breakfast

The idea of ​​eating something rotten has spread to all continents.

Here’s an example – natto. This is a traditional Japanese food. Soybeans that have been fermented, that is, they are completely rotten. The taste and smell of this delicacy are appropriate.

In addition, they are not only smelly, but also sticky in consistency. And in appearance they are most similar to what produces a three-year-old child suffering from an intestinal infection.

This is what is popular in Japan for breakfast.After all, it really invigorates.

Photo author, Getty Images

Photo caption,

What could be better than rotten beans for breakfast?

World Record

The stench of the product is especially appreciated in many places.

No, we are not talking about rockfort or stilton. Compared to some culinary inventions, these cheeses simply smell like roses in a royal garden.

And here Sweden turned out to be the world leader. You can hardly find something more smelly than surstroemming.At least this is the opinion of Japanese scientists who compared the odor of different types of food.

This item is recommended to be eaten on the street, as otherwise your house or apartment will smell like a dozen frightened skunks have walked there. It will take days, if not weeks, to ventilate your home.

Surströmming is an amazing thing. In Sweden, they decided that it was too boring and prosaic to just eat or salt Baltic herring.

Accordingly, many centuries ago the Swedes came up with the idea of ​​first slightly salting the herring, then keeping it in water for fermentation.And in the 19th century, it was decided that it is best, after a short fermentation, to put this treasure in cans and cork there while the fish continues to rot.

During fermentation, hydrogen sulfide is formed, as well as acetic, propionic and butyric acids. Tin cans of rotting delicacy sometimes explode.

Photo author, Getty Images

Photo caption,

Surströmming an amazing thing

But the Swedes not only eat this stinking thing. At the end of August 2018, another application was found for it.

Swedish neo-Nazis were going to march through Stockholm. The route was agreed with the authorities. But an hour before it started, someone poured liquid from a can of surstroemming along the entire route.

Even local ultranationalists could not stand it.

Centenary eggs

China should be given its due. There are a lot of all kinds of dishes from the most incredible and insanely delicious ingredients.

But at least one dish makes it clear with its name what you have to deal with.

Centenary and sometimes millennial eggs. That is, the eggs are far from the very first and not even the second freshness.

The easiest way to achieve the desired result is to cover the duck eggs with lye and wrap them tightly in cellophane to cut off oxygen. Leave it in a dry and not too cold place for three or even six months.

There are much more sophisticated ways to achieve rotting of these eggs, but under normal conditions this is the simplest.

Photo by Getty Images

Of course, when you decide it’s time to eat this thing, the smell of ammonia will be inevitable.

But century-old eggs have one useful quality: they can be stored for years (but not centuries).

British Miracle

Great Britain is the birthplace of a product that, strictly speaking, is not the result of decay. But he is quite rotten.

Imagine that at the beginning of summer someone took the carcass of a relatively large mammal that had recently died, put it at the very bottom of a large dump and left it there for three months. In the heat.

After that he collected the blackish mass with the corresponding taste and smell formed at the bottom, put it in glass jars and began to sell it.

Result – marmite. Brown-black pasta, which is spread on bread and eaten with gusto.

True, not all. The company producing this invention (and it is actually based only on yeast extract – a by-product of beer production), knows that its brainchild, to put it mildly, is not to everyone’s taste, and, accordingly, its main advertising slogan sounds like this: ” You either love it or you hate it. ”

It really couldn’t be better.

Photo by PA

But if you want to please a Briton or a Briton living outside your native island, bring them a jar of marmite, and for a while you will be the most beloved person.

Something similar also exists in Australia (Vegemite) and Germany (Vitam-R), but for a true Briton these are all absolutely wrong imitations, made only to tease the British, Scots and other Welsh.

Here we limited ourselves to only rotten things, but the list of unexpected dishes that often cause nausea at the thought of them among those who have not got used to them since childhood is wide and immense.

Here and Rocky Mountain oysters (fried calf eggs), jellied meat, baked tuna eyes, puffin hearts, boiled cow udders, fried tarantulas, boiled eggs with a duck embryo inside, moose nose jelly, whale fat salted in milk whey, okroshka , smelly tofu (yes, that’s the official name of this product) and much, much more.

And someone somewhere savor all this and cannot wait for the next portion.

Bitterness in the mouth: causes, treatment, prevention

Why do I have an unpleasant taste in my mouth?

If the unpleasant taste persists after a day or two, check with your doctor to find out what causes it. Also, be sure to inform them of any changes in appetite or smell.

The definition of bad taste varies from person to person. For some people, the bad taste in the mouth has a metallic tinge.For others, it can be bitter or unpleasant, depending on the reason. You may even notice a decrease in taste when eating.

  • Oral Causes of Bad Taste in the Mouth
  • Poor Hygiene and Dental Problems
  • The most common causes of bad taste in the mouth are related to oral hygiene. Lack of regular flossing and brushing can cause gingivitis, which can cause a bad taste in your mouth.

Dental problems such as infections, abscesses and even the eruption of wisdom teeth can also cause an unpleasant taste.

Other symptoms of bitterness in the mouth include:

  • bad breath
  • bleeding, red, or swollen gums
  • sensitive teeth
  • loose teeth

You can avoid the most common dental problems by regularly flossing and brushing your teeth. It is also important to visit your dentist regularly for cleaning and check-ups. You can also add an antibacterial mouthwash to your daily dental procedures for added protection.

Dry mouth

Dry mouth, sometimes called xerostomia, occurs when the salivary glands do not produce enough saliva. This can make your mouth feel dry and sticky.

Saliva reduces the growth of bacteria in the mouth and helps to remove food debris. When you don’t have enough saliva, your mouth may taste bad due to additional bacteria and food debris.

What causes dry mouth:

  • some drugs
  • aging (age-related changes)
  • stuffy nose, causing mouth breathing
  • nerve damage
  • smoking (tobacco use)
  • autoimmune conditions
  • diabetes

    If you have dry mouth, check with your doctor to find out what is causing it.Most people with dry mouth find relief through lifestyle changes, medication adjustments, and mouthwash.


    Thrush is a type of yeast infection that grows in warm, moist areas, including the mouth. Anyone can get oral thrush, but babies, the elderly, and people with suppressed immune systems are more likely to get it.

    Oral thrush can also cause:

    • white bumps
    • redness, burning, or soreness
    • trouble swallowing
    • dry mouth

    Regular flossing, brushing, and rinsing your mouth can help prevent thrush.Also try to limit your sugar intake, because yeast feeds on it.

    Always see your doctor if you have white spots in your mouth, even if you have no other symptoms.


    Respiratory infections

    Infections in your system, especially viral infections, can affect the taste in your mouth. Tonsillitis, sinusitis, colds, and middle ear infections often affect your sense of taste and smell. Do not forget about Covid19, in which smell and sometimes taste are lost.

    Additional symptoms of a respiratory tract infection include:

    • ear pain
    • sore throat

    Viral infections usually resolve on their own within one to two weeks. After the infection is gone, the bad taste will disappear.


    Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver. One of its first symptoms is bitterness in the mouth.

    Other early symptoms of hepatitis B include:

    • halitosis
    • loss of appetite
    • low fever
    • nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

    Hepatitis B is a serious infection.If you have symptoms or think you have been exposed to the virus, see your doctor.

    In addition to an unpleasant taste in your mouth, hepatitis C medications can also affect your sense of smell. The taste should disappear as soon as you finish taking the medicine.

    Hormonal changes


    Hormonal fluctuations during early pregnancy can cause many sensory changes. You may want food you’ve never wanted before, or you suddenly find certain odors repulsive.Many women also experience an unpleasant taste, usually metallic, in their mouth during the first trimester. Although the taste can be annoying, it is usually harmless and wears off later in pregnancy. Learn more about the metallic taste in the mouth during pregnancy.


    Women who are going through menopause or often say they have a bitter taste in their mouth. This is usually caused by dry mouth, which is a common sign of menopause.

    Another possible cause of bitterness in the mouth during menopause is burning mouth syndrome.It is a rare condition, but the risk of developing it increases after menopause due to lower estrogen levels. In addition to the bitterness in your mouth, you may also feel a burning sensation, especially near the tip of your tongue. These symptoms can come and go.

    If you are going through menopause or are about to have a bad taste in your mouth, talk to your doctor about your treatment options. Hormone replacement therapy may help some women.

    Gastrointestinal Causes


    Bile and acid reflux have similar symptoms and can occur at the same time.They are caused by bile, a fluid produced in the liver that aids digestion, or stomach acid passing through the esophagus.

    What causes an acid taste in your mouth:

    • heartburn
    • upper abdominal pain
    • nausea and vomiting
    • cough and hoarseness

    If you have frequent symptoms of bile or acid reflux, see your doctor. There are many medications that can help. Acid reflux can sometimes progress to a chronic condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease.

    Tips for home care include avoiding heartburn-causing foods, eating smaller meals, and maintaining a healthy weight.

    Medicines and other substances

    Vitamins and nutritional supplements
    Many vitamins and supplements can cause a metallic taste in your mouth, especially if taken in large quantities.

    Some of the more common vitamins and supplements that can cause metallic taste include:

    • calcium
    • chromium
    • copper
    • iron
    • multivitamins or prenatal vitamins containing heavy metals
    • Vitamin D
    • zinc, which can also cause nausea

    Many medicines can also cause a bitter or metallic taste in the mouth.For example, anti-inflammatory and antihistamines, heart medications, diabetes medications, HIV protease inhibitors, oral contraceptives, extreme pressure medications, antibiotics, antidepressants.

    Cancer treatment

    Many chemotherapy drugs are used to treat cancer. Chemotherapy treatments usually involve a combination of the two, and many of them can cause a metallic or sour taste.

    Radiation therapy can also produce a metallic taste, especially when used to treat head and neck cancer.

    Any unusual taste sensations caused by chemotherapy or radiation usually resolve after treatment is completed.

    Neurological conditions

    Your taste buds are connected to the nerves of the brain. Anything that affects these nerves can cause a bad taste in the mouth.

    What affects your brain:

    • brain tumors
    • dementia
    • epilepsy head trauma

    Some medications used to treat these neurological conditions can also cause an unusual taste in the mouth.This usually goes away after the underlying disease has been treated.

    If you have an unexplained bad taste in your mouth, make an appointment with your doctor to find out the cause.

    Using mouthwash or chewing gum may provide temporary relief until you see your doctor.

    The clinic “Axioma Dent” in Troyeshchina will help you to monitor the health of the teeth of your whole family.

    Consult with your general dentist free of charge in dentistry in Troeshchina Axioma Dent, Zakresvkoho 97-A.Kiev.

    Specialists will diagnose the problem and be able to determine the cause of the symptoms that appear.

    Video Bitterness in the mouth: causes, treatment, prevention

    What causes itchy mouth? Causes, Symptoms & Treatments – From Allergies to Yeast Infection

    Itching in the mouth is a common but sometimes threatening symptom. It occurs in many people for a variety of reasons: due to viral or fungal infections, allergies to food, pollen, latex, medications, etc.If itching is caused by a reaction to an allergen, it is commonly referred to as oral allergy syndrome (OA).

    Some causes of itchy mouth are minor, while others can even be life threatening.

    Symptoms accompanying itching in the mouth

    Depending on the cause, itchy mouth can be accompanied by several other symptoms:

    • A burning or tingling sensation in the mouth, tongue, or throat;
    • swelling of the tongue, lips, or throat;
    • itching or crawling in one or both ears;
    • coryza;
    • sneezing;
    • dry cough;
    • lacrimation.

    Itching in the mouth may remain mild and never develop. But it can also indicate a life-threatening allergic sensitivity.

    Why the mouth may itch

    Let’s look at the main reasons why you may feel itchy mouth.

    Allergic reaction

    Itching may be a symptom of an allergy to pollen or certain foods. You may have an oral allergy syndrome known as pollen-food syndrome.

    These manifestations usually occur in adolescents and adults. SOA can appear even after eating foods that you have eaten without problems before.

    Oral allergy syndrome is the most common type of food allergy.

    COA appears as:

    • Itching and tingling sensations in the mouth, tongue and throat;
    • Swelling of tissues in and around the mouth;
    • strange taste;
    • itching in the ears.

    These symptoms can be mild and usually do not last more than 20 minutes.But in some cases, they can develop into a dangerous anaphylactic reaction. This condition is already a medical emergency.

    According to scientists, oral allergy syndrome occurs when food proteins are similar to allergenic proteins found in the pollen grains of some plants – grasses, birch, wormwood, ragweed and others.

    Some patients with seasonal allergies may develop OSA after eating certain raw vegetables or fruits, nuts, and spices.This phenomenon is called cross-reactivity – that is, your immune system reacts to the similarity of proteins in pollen and food.


    Herpes sores or just herpes are wounds that are caused by the herpes simplex virus and are highly contagious. They form around the mouth, usually on or near the lips, on the cheeks and on the nose. Usually small, ulcers can occur in groups – close to each other.

    These are small bubbles filled with liquid.They burst, crust over and form a wound that can take up to 14 days to heal.

    On the eve of herpes blisters, many people experience itching and tingling around their lips. Therefore, if you are prone to the formation of such ulcers, you may experience itchy mouth.


    Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires emergency medical attention. An anaphylactic reaction can begin with an itchy sensation, tingling sensation in the mouth, or swelling of tissues in the mouth.

    Most common triggers of anaphylaxis:

    As a rule, patients with allergies, when exposed to an allergen, observe only mild or moderate symptoms: runny nose , skin rashes, hives, lacrimation , mild itching and tingling.

    However, a seemingly mild allergic reaction can develop into anaphylaxis – this happens when the human body goes into shock.

    The manifestations of anaphylaxis are varied:

    • edema;
    • urticaria;
    • a feeling of tightness in the throat;
    • shortness of breath;
    • hoarseness;
    • fainting;
    • dizziness;
    • abdominal pain;
    • nausea;
    • vomiting;
    • diarrhea;
    • lowering blood pressure;
    • heart palpitations;
    • feeling of impending death.

    In some patients, anaphylaxis can cause cardiac arrest and even death.

    Candidiasis (thrush)

    If you experience itchy mouth regularly, you may have a yeast infection, also known as thrush. This is a fungal infection caused by the growth in the tissues of the oral cavity Candida albicans : spots of thrush can form on the tongue, inner surfaces of the cheeks, tonsils, gums, palate.

    Manifestations of oral candidiasis include:

    • dry mouth;
    • creamy curd spots;
    • burning or pain in the abdomen;
    • redness;
    • bleeding;
    • cracks in the skin of the lips, often in the corners;
    • Muting taste sensations.

    The elderly, children and those with a weakened immune system are more prone to developing thrush.

    Causes of itching in and around the mouth are summarized in the table:

    Causes Itching in the mouth and throat Itching in the mouth and lips Itchy after eating mouth and throat
    Mild food allergy



    Severe food allergy



    Drug allergy





    Oral thrush








    Oral Allergy Syndrome


    Treatment of itchy mouth

    Methods for treating itching are determined by the cause of its occurrence.

    Mild allergic reactions

    Manifestations of mild allergic reactions usually go away on their own, in a few minutes, when the food that caused them is spat out or passes through the mouth, and the allergenic proteins are digested under the influence of enzymes. Allergy symptoms also go away when you move away from the allergen.

    Sometimes an antihistamine may be needed to relieve symptoms. But such medicines must be prescribed by a doctor.

    Severe allergic reactions and anaphylaxis

    Serious allergic reactions require the appointment of special antiallergic drugs, sometimes emergency medical care, and in some cases even the use of adrenaline (epinephrine).

    People with a history of severe allergic reactions should always carry an automatic epinephrine dispenser with them in case of an emergency. The drug can prevent the development of anaphylaxis or stop it.

    Herpetic ulcers

    Oral tablets or topical creams / ointments are used to treat herpes. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe antiviral injections to fight the herpes simplex virus.

    Yeast infection

    Therapy for thrush in the mouth is prescribed depending on the patient’s health and the severity of the infection. A doctor may prescribe antifungal treatments.

    Medicines for candidiasis are available in the form of tablets, lozenges, drops or as antifungal mouthwashes.

    Avoiding itchy mouth

    To avoid itching in the mouth:

    • follow your doctor’s recommendations for treating herpes and oral candidiasis;
    • avoid allergens, including food;
    • Prepare fruits and vegetables, do not eat them raw;
    • avoid certain medications;
    • Peel fruits and vegetables before eating.

    When a doctor’s consultation is necessary

    If you are in doubt whether you have herpes or thrush in your mouth, be sure to see your doctor.

    If you notice an allergic reaction to food or another specific allergen, or suspect you have such a sensitivity, but do not know what exactly it may be caused, it is also important to consult an allergist.

    He will advise you to run allergy testing to pinpoint your allergens. This will help you avoid contact with them in the future.

    Once the diagnosis is established, the physician may prescribe the wearing of an epinephrine pump and provide other recommendations for the management of mild reactions.


    Although itchy mouth is often caused by mild and easy-to-treat conditions, it can also be a warning sign of impending allergic reactions.

    Therefore, if you feel this itching, see your doctor. With the correct diagnosis and adequate treatment, you will be prepared to act independently in the event of an emergency.

    90,000 Diseased teeth – a source of chronic diseases

    Have you ever thought about why there are fewer healthy and energetic people among us, and even fewer creative and happy people, especially in megacities and large industrial cities? Poor environmental and social conditions, constant psychoemotional stress, a general decrease in immunity under the influence of harmful factors, untimely detection of diseases lead to a significant deterioration in the health of the nation as a whole, new diseases appear, old ones acquire other more severe forms of the course.A disappointing feature of our time is the progressive increase in the number of chronic diseases, accompanied by epidemics of allergic diseases and mycoses, including immune diseases.

    Despite the rapid development of the pharmaceutical industry and the abundance of drugs, morbidity and mortality rates leave much to be desired. Today, high hopes are pinned on pharmaceutical therapy, but they are not justified:

    • Antibiotic-resistant strains of microorganisms have appeared;
    • Allergic reactions to medications are very common;
    • Almost all medicines have side effects.


    The oral cavity is often a source of chronic infection and the cause of a number of chronic diseases that, at first glance, have nothing to do with the dentition: diseases (!) Of the joints, organs of the gastrointestinal tract, heart and blood vessels, the genitourinary system, vision and hearing, skin diseases, neuropsychiatric disorders and many, many others, including migraine.This happens because a bad tooth, or inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth, is a process of vital activity and reproduction of various microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi), as a result of which toxins are released into the body, affecting not only the stomach, but mainly the liver. brain, kidneys, heart and blood vessels. A special role of foci of chronic infection
    (and in our case caries and its complications, gingivitis, periodontitis, cysts and granulomas at the root tips, etc.) belongs to the formation of joint diseases.The notorious “deposition of some kind of salts”, arthritis and arthrosis, osteochondrosis, which appeared suddenly or found on x-rays after an injury, are the result of the effect of microorganisms and their toxins on the tissues of the joints (cartilage, synovial membranes, etc.). Often, untreated teeth of the upper jaw form cysts and granulomas that connect with the cavities of the maxillary (so-called maxillary) sinuses, are the cause of chronic sinusitis and pansinusitis (inflammation of all paranasal sinuses), therefore, the ENT doctor will never completely cure such sinusitis , and will convince you of advanced chronic sinusitis caused by some infection that does not respond to any antibiotics and procedures.And the reason for everything is in the rotten, inflamed root of the tooth, the tip of which sticks out in the maxillary sinus. Hence the headache, and dizziness, poor sleep, decreased vision, hearing loss, adenoids, hoarseness, persistent nasal congestion, lacrimation, heartburn, gastritis, dysbiosis, colitis, frequent inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract and many other disorders from various organs and systems. Thus, by curing this notorious tooth, or by removing the top of it with an inflamed cyst, you get rid of another source of chronic infection that is slowly eating up your body.


    Stages of development of the disease. Where does the disease begin?

    The most unexpected microorganisms can cause serious and fatal diseases.
    Now let’s look at the chain of development, that is, the cycle of transformations from health to illness and the death of an individual from life. You and I studied at school the cycle of life in nature, the cycle of water, watched interesting films about animals, about the food chain.

    But at the same time, we have always considered ourselves “Kings of Nature”, not assuming that inside us, in our body, the same cycle of different lives is possible, coming and going, but living by eating our cells, each other or feeding on other people’s scraps. Everyone has the same motto: “To survive at any cost, the winners are not judged!” This means – to penetrate into the best place, individual for each specific type of parasite, to find food for growth, reproduction, protect your offspring and help it spread.

    So let’s look at this process. Sparing the feelings of convinced atheists, I will start not with the true reasons for the development of diseases – spiritual, energy-informational, but with “materialized”, that is, those that can be seen, touched, determined, calculated and measured. These reasons are microorganisms living in us.
    I will paraphrase the saying of the Bible “what is outside of us, so is in us” to “what is on earth, in the air, so is in us.”

    Consider the development of the disease and the role of various microorganisms involved in it.
    Viruses are the trigger for the development of the disease. They are able to invade cells, weakening them or completely destroying them. They don’t have to be formidable viruses that are specific to immune cells. Any other viruses that penetrate us since childhood gradually lead to a weakening of immunity, weakening of the protective properties of cells, organs, systems.


    Viruses feed on the energy of cells, that is, they seem to de-energize them.

    Viruses very clearly hold the territory, that is, each of them claims to a certain organ, system.Even different types of the same type of virus have their own localization. In the course of my medical practice, I made sure that your immune system is brought to exhaustion (do not confuse it with stress) viruses and only viruses.

    DNA viruses: pycnoviruses, iridoviruses, herpesviruses, adenoviruses, parvoviruses, hepadnaviruses, hepatitis B.

    RNA viruses: paramyxoviruses, rhabdoviruses, arenaviruses, orthomyxoviruses, retroviruses, Arenaviruses, hepatitis viruses, 905 hepatitis viruses , E, G.

    Clinical manifestations: respiratory viral infections, pneumonia (pneumonia), maculopapular rashes on the skin and mucous membranes, blister rashes, meningitis, encephalitis, hepatitis, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, genital lesions (herpes simplex virus , adenovirus, HIV), congenital and perinatal (postpartum) lesions (cytomegalovirus, herpes, rubella virus, enteroviruses, HIV).


    Further, bacteria are introduced into already weakened cells, which are capable of finally destroying the cell, feeding on its insides. By the nature of their development, they are divided into those that are able to divide and grow only inside the cell (chlamydia, etc.) and those that multiply both inside and outside the cell (mycoplasma, legionella, listeria, rickettsia, etc.). The variety of lesions they cause is explained by their sensitivity to different types of host cells (humans, animals).

    Intracellular bacteria:


    • chlamydia trichomatis (trachoma, urogenital chlamydia and pneumonia of newborns, lymphogranuloma venereum, arthritis, arthrosis, heart damage)
    • chlamydia 902 pneumoniae pneumonia pneumonia, acute respiratory infections, atherosclerosis, bronchial asthma)


    • rickettsia (rickettsioses, typhus)
    • rochalimia (trench fever, cat-scratch disease)
    • klebsiols
      • Escherichia (maculopapular rash)
      • Bartonella (bartonellosis)

      Reproducing in cells, intracellular bacteria are protected not only from various influences from the human body, but also from the effects of most antibacterial drugs that are unable to penetrate into cells.Extracellular bacteria feed on decomposed cells, “melting” them and turning them into pus. They are a kind of orderlies (cleaners) of the body, cleaning out diseased organs and systems.

      Extracellular bacteria:

      • Staphylococcus aureus (skin pustular infections, endocarditis, pneumonia, arthritis, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, eye infections, toxic shock syndrome, foodborne toxicoinfections)
      • Oral sticks 902, septicemia, stomatitis
      • (pharyngitis, postpartum infections, neonatal sepsis, bacteremia, meningitis, arthritis, infections of the genitourinary system, pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis media, rheumatic fever, abscesses of the lungs, liver, brain)

      • Bacilli (Anthrax, bacteremia, septicemia , eye infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, foodborne toxicoinfections
      • Corinebacteria (diphtheria, erythrasma, skin lesions in the axillary and groin areas, cellulitis, septicemia, brain abscesses and osteomyelitis)
      • Clostridia (gaseous gangrene , botulism)
      • Gonorrheal bacillus (infection and the lower parts of the genitourinary tract (cervicitis, urethritis, abscesses of the glands adjacent to the vagina), infections of the upper parts of the genitourinary tract (endometritis, epididymitis, inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs), infections of other organs and tissues (proctitis, pharyngitis, blenorrhea, pelvic peritonitis and perihepatitis , pharyngeal gonorrhea), disseminated gonococcal infection; meningococcal infection)
      • Pseudomonas (skin lesions, abscesses, infection of burn lesions, keratitis, conjunctivitis, otitis externa, meningitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, enteritis, para- and rectal abscesses, pneumonia, 902 arthritis31 infections) and osteoarthritis
      • Flavobacteria (colonize wounded surfaces, respiratory, intestinal tract, organs of the genitourinary system, severe meningitis of newborns, septicemia, endocarditis, pneumonia).

      Bacteria intracellular and extracellular not only get along with each other, but, participating in the cycle, eat what the previous microorganisms have destroyed. They can be compared to jackals and hyenas, eating what is left of the victim after the tiger.


      The decomposed cellular substrate in the organ is attacked by protozoa, which, processing this waste, act as garbage collectors in containers. Thus, in the organ, not only dead cells, bacteria, toxins are scattered, but cleaned, aligned cavities.This process is dynamic, each type of embedded microorganisms manages to get enough and grow, multiply, that is, give offspring.

      The process continues until the immune system says: stop! He sends lymphocytes,
      leukocytes, macrophages, antibodies, sends energy and, depending on how well they cope, either recovery or improvement occurs, or remission (calming down), or the disease turns into a sluggish chronic process. The simplest are localized in the skin, eyes, tongue, intestines, liver, kidneys, bladder, genitals, etc.


      If the immune system is weakened, then fungi and clay come to a warm place “, to the prepared waste containers. Each of them has its own territory. Recently, apparently due to the fact that there is a lot of food, and there is enough for everyone, the worm and the fungus get along side by side. Fungi clearly mark their territory and keep other fungi out.

      Types of fungi

      Candida are representatives of normal microflora. Several types of candida are known, which can simultaneously be causative agents of diseases.Fungal gastroenteritis is observed in sharply weakened children and the elderly, as well as in persons of any age with significant immune deficiency of various origins. They are characterized by a gradual onset, bloating, infrequent liquid foamy stools, rumbling and various soreness, nausea, vomiting, cramping abdominal pain. In very severe cases, candidasepsis may occur. A secondary infection is easily layered on the affected surfaces. The disease is getting worse. Such a course of candidiasis is possible only in a dirty intestine, with blockages from mixed meat and dairy nutrition in an organism with a high silicon deficiency, capable of excreting candida in the feces.In practice, 90% of the consulted suffer from candidiasis.

      Cryptococci – cause subacute or chronic deep mycosis. Most often (70%) this disease occurs in persons of mixed nutrition, who overloaded the enzymatic apparatus of the stomach. Even baker’s yeast can cause cryptococcosis in such cases due to the infinitely high expenditure of acid for neutralizing alkaline enzymes coming from the mouth with carbohydrate food that was eaten along with protein. To get rid of this disease, it is necessary to remove the root cause of the disease – an overload of the acid-forming gastric bio-apparatus of the mucous membrane, use only separate nutrition, cleanse the intestines and only then the antimycotic treatment will be successful.

      Penicildiums – cause deep mycoses, which are caused by a variety of green molds that can affect the skin, mucous membranes, external auditory canal, internal organs. Penicilliums occur after the use of antibiotics.
      Nocardia asteroides are aerobic, immobile formations that occupy an intermediate state between fungi and bacteria. Most of them are saprophytes, but they can cause diseases in humans and animals. Nocardiosis can be expressed by mycetoma -.a tumor in the lungs, consisting of a dense plexus of a mold fungus.

      A close relative of nocardia asteroids is the actinomycetes isrielia. They cause severe mycotic lesions of the cervico-facial region, chest and abdominal cavity – granulomas. This fungus is most often found in people living in areas of high radiation, as well as working in hazardous chemical production.

      Mucorous fungi – cause a disease very similar to tuberculosis – mucophomycosis.

      Aspergillus is a fungus of many species.Some of them are pathogenic. They are capable of deeply affecting tissues. They release toxins and give malignant formations.

      Geotrichosis is a disease caused by fungi that affect the mucous membranes. They accompany diseases – otitis media, sinusitis.

      Trichophyton – fungi, pathogens of skin, hair, nails. Rarely is a person who does not have trichophyton contamination.

      Trichophytosis – causes ringworm disease. Trichophytosis can be superficial or chronic.Superficial trichophytosis is characterized by the appearance of erymatous peeling on the scalp. The fungus penetrates the hair, destroys it, the hair breaks, which is why the name “ringworm” is associated.

      Epidermophyton floccosum – the causative agent of black lichen. This disease manifests itself as slightly flaky dark brown or black spots, most pronounced on the limbs. The penetration of the fungus into the skin is deep, and with recovery, when the black spots disappear, the skin regains its ability to pigment (change color from exposure to the sun) for 2-3 years.At this time, non-tanning spots from black lichen turn white on the hands and feet. The disease recedes with the usual antimycotic treatment with celandine juice.

      Microsporia — fungi that cause microsporia disease — affect the skin, hair and nails. Exposure to all kinds of creams, ointments, powders and rubbing either does not give a healing effect, or gives a very short-term improvement in health. To completely get rid of microsporia, it is necessary to take antimycotic treatment from within the body.

      Mycosis fungoides – causes the disease fungal mycosis – a malignant tumor lesion of the lymphatic vessels, initially the fungus settles on the skin, and then colonizes the lymphatic system.

      Mycoplasma Fluor – cause inflammation mainly in the respiratory system and in the genitourinary system.

      Sporotrix is ​​a fungus that affects muscles, bones, internal organs.

      All fungi produce poisons that cause a variety of allergic reactions. The toxins of the Asper Hilus fungi have a toxic effect on the liver.

      Yeast bending: Candida, Candida albicans, Cryptococcus, Trichosporum, Saccharomyces.

      Molds: trichophyton, microsporium, epidermiphyton, aspergillus, mycosis.


      Worm eggs and fungal spores are found everywhere, even in household, attic, basement dust. I breathed in, swallowed saliva – and here they are, inside us. Now the infection process depends on whether the mucous membrane is prepared for their engraftment. With good immunity, the absence of bacteria, protozoa, the mucous membrane is complete, it has many of its own immune cells, the secret of a protective lubricant, and beneficial microorganisms.She will not allow anyone to penetrate, or stick, or cleave to herself.

      Remember the example of L. Pasteur, who drank the cholera vibrios grown from cholera patients – a whole glass! – and at the same time did not become infected. The intact mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract did not allow them to penetrate, and they came out treated with intestinal enzymes and lost their viability.

      Worms also have favorite organs, favorite tissues, even organ systems. They rarely get along with each other, their territories are clearly divided.

      Under severe stress, a sharp deterioration of immunity, failure of the endocrine and nervous systems can occur, the inhibiting factor for the growth and reproduction of microorganisms that did not manifest themselves earlier disappears. And then there is dissemination and generalization of the process.

      The whole mass of small parasites rushes into the blood vessels, lymph vessels, and along them into the liver, lungs, heart, brain. There is either a slow or sudden death.

      Diagnoses can be as follows: asphyxia, heart attack, stroke, hepatic coma, hyperglycemic, hypoglycemic coma, bleeding, perforated ulcer, peritonitis, cancer.

      Briefly summing up, we can say the following – in addition to the macrocosm, there is a microcosm. And it has a very serious effect on us, in particular on human health. You can try to fight pathogens with numerous medicines for an infinitely long time. But try to guess who will win this fight?
      The following phrase comes to mind – “If a person really wants to live, then medicine is powerless here!” Precisely noticed, isn’t it?

      In Nature, everything is thought out and debugged perfectly.The person has an amazing defense system. Well-coordinated work of which allows to exist in harmony with the microcosm. At the same time, it is great to feel good, have good health and not get sick.

      And this system is called – Immunity!

      7 types of vaginal discharge and their meaning

      There is an old adage that death and billing are the only certainties in life, but if you have a vagina, you can also add daily vaginal discharge to this list.It’s true: When you have a vagina, you can bet there are multiple items in your underwear at the end of the day. A discharge is usually a sign that your vagina is working to stay healthy.

      Vaginal discharge from the glands of the vagina and cervix is ​​simply a fluid that carries dead cells and bacteria from the vagina to keep it clean and prevent infection.

      But stains on panties can look different over the course of a month.This is because the color, consistency, and amount of discharge can vary depending on factors such as sexual arousal, ovulation, hormonal changes, pregnancy, or infections.

      What types of vaginal discharge and what they mean

      White or cloudy discharge

      While a small amount of milky white liquid on your underwear may seem unpleasant, it actually means that the vagina is cleansing well. A white or cloudy discharge is a sign of normal, healthy vaginal discharge.Unless you are itchy or irritated, a white or milky discharge is not a cause for concern.

      Yellow or green flow

      Conversely, yellow or green discharge may indicate bacterial or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia.

      In trichomoniasis (a common STI caused by a parasite), the discharge is usually foul-smelling and can be white, gray, yellow, or green.In addition, you may experience a burning sensation in the vagina, redness and / or pain when urinating and having intercourse.

      Other STI symptoms may include pelvic pain, nausea, vomiting, or fever.

      If you are concerned about a possible STI infection and have green or yellow discharge (along with any other symptoms), see your doctor.

      Pink vaginal discharge

      Pink vaginal discharge can be caused by bloody discharge, which you may notice before or after your menstrual cycle, during ovulation, or after vigorous intercourse.

      However, if you have bleeding after sex, painful sex, prolonged and heavy periods, or postmenopausal bleeding, it may be due to something more serious, such as cervical or cervical cancer. Cervical infection and cervical polyps (benign, rarely malignant growths on the cervix) can also cause spotting.

      In these cases, you should always consult a doctor who may perform certain diagnostic tests, such as a pelvic exam, Pap smear, or biopsy of the lining of the uterus, to help determine the problem.

      Brown Stream

      Small brown bleeds on your crisp white underwear can be an eyesore, but usually nothing to worry about. Brown discharge is usually due to old blood.

      During menstruation, discharge can range from bright red to dark red or brown. The latter is the result of old blood left in the uterus, which eventually passes through the vagina.

      Minor bleeding may also be the result of a Pap test, pelvic examination, or cervical polyp.Blood may collect in the vagina, turn dark red or brown, and slowly pass out the next day.

      Curd Stream

      If you have a lumpy discharge that looks like a curd stain, you are probably dealing with a yeast infection .

      Fungal infection is caused by an overgrowth of Candida in the vagina. In addition to a thick, white, curd-like discharge, associated symptoms include itching, burning, and irritation.

      Yeast infections can be treated with vaginal or oral antifungal drugs.But first make an appointment with your doctor to make sure this is what you are dealing with.

      A sticky or jelly-like vaginal discharge

      A sticky or jelly-like discharge usually means the body is preparing for ovulation and is producing more cervical mucus. A discharge that is the consistency of an egg white usually occurs during ovulation when estrogen levels rise.

      In fact, many women monitor clear elastic secretions to determine when they ovulate and when they are most fertile, that is, most susceptible to sperm to fertilize an egg.

      Clean, watery flow

      Similarly, you may also find a lot of moisture in your underwear during ovulation. Basically, your body knows that you are the most fertile at this stage it releases this slippery secretions so that sperm can more easily pass through the vagina into the uterus.

      Clear watery discharge also occurs during sexual intercourse. horny. Blood flows into the vagina causing the release of a lubricating fluid.Finally, you may also notice an increase in watery discharge during 90,241 exercises.

      16 signs that you may have HIV


      Human immunodeficiency virus

      Within a month or two after HIV has entered the body, 40 to 90% of people begin to experience flu-like symptoms known as acute retroviral syndrome.But sometimes the symptoms of HIV infection do not appear for many years, sometimes even decades after infection.

      HIV positive and AIDS patient are not the same thing. It can take from 7 to 15 years from the moment of infection with HIV to the development of AIDS. Until HIV progresses to the stage of AIDS, an infected person may feel good and not even suspect that the virus is present in his body. But already from the moment of infection with the virus, a person can transmit it to other people under certain conditions.It is impossible to determine by appearance that a person is infected.

      Here are some signs that you may be infected with HIV


      One of the first signs of HIV is a slight rise in temperature, up to about 38.8 degrees Celsius. Fever is accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and sore throat.


      Inflammatory reactions in the immune system when attacked by a virus can make you feel tired and sluggish.Fatigue can be both early and late signs of HIV infection.

      Pain in muscles, joints, swollen lymph nodes

      HIV is often mistaken for influenza, mononucleosis, or another viral infection, even syphilis or hepatitis. Lymph nodes are part of the body’s immune system and tend to become inflamed after an infection has entered the body. Most of the enlarged lymph nodes are found in the armpits, groin, and neck.

      Sore throat and headache

      Along with other symptoms, sore throat and headache can often be recognized as HIV only when combined with other symptoms. If you suspect, get an HIV test for yourself and others: HIV is most infectious early on.

      Skin rash

      Skin rashes can occur both early and late in the development of HIV / AIDS.If there is no rational explanation for the appearance of the rash and they are difficult to treat, you should consider an HIV test.

      Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

      Between 30 and 60% of people have short-term episodes of nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea in the early stages of HIV infection. These symptoms can appear as a result of antiretroviral therapy, and in the later stages of infection, this is usually a consequence of contracting infections.

      Weight loss

      Unexplained weight loss is a sign of a more advanced stage of the disease. A person is diagnosed with wasting syndrome if they have lost 10% or more of their original body weight and have diarrhea, weakness, and fever for more than 30 days.

      Dry cough

      A dry cough is often the first sign of HIV.It can last for many weeks and treatment is not beneficial — this is typical of all HIV patients.

      Pneumonia other infections

      Cough and weight loss can be a harbinger of serious infections: toxoplasmosis, parasitic infections that affect the brain; cytomegalovirus, and yeast infections.

      Night sweats

      About half of people suffer from night sweats in the early stages of HIV infection.Night sweats are not treatable.

      Nail changes

      Other signs of advanced HIV infection are nail changes such as drumsticks (thickened and crooked nails), split nails, discoloration or discoloration of the nail plate (black or brown lines running vertically or horizontally).

      Fungal infections

      In later stages, thrush and oral infections caused by fungi are common.

      Absent-mindedness or difficulty concentrating

      Cognitive problems include memory problems and behavioral problems. Anger or irritability can be a sign of HIV-positive dementia, which usually develops in the later stages of the disease. Even motor changes can develop: clumsiness arises, coordination is impaired, and problems arise with tasks that require fine motor skills, such as handwriting, for example.