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Can your period cause anxiety: How to Reduce Menstruation-Related Anxiety


How to Reduce Menstruation-Related Anxiety

Out of nowhere, your heart starts racing, your brain feels like someone is squeezing it, your mind goes to dark places, and you just don’t feel quite right. The anxiety may be related to a specific cause or it may be a free-floating sense of doom. Instead of occurring at any time, like generalized anxiety disorder, this prickly feeling seems to coincide with the onset of menstruation.

No, you are not losing your grip: You are experiencing a very common spike in anxiety due to hormonal fluctuations. Sometimes the shift in hormones can cause you to experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or even premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). According to American Family Physician, “around 85 percent of menstruating women report having one or more premenstrual symptoms, and 2 to 10 percent report disabling, incapacitating symptoms.”

RELATED: 10 Home Remedies to Relieve Menstrual Cramps

The Link Between Anxiety and Your Menstrual Period

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, between the ages of 14 to 50, women are at double the risk of anxiety compared with men. Part of the reason may be the hormonal flux of the menstrual cycle, says Yael Nillni, PhD, an assistant professor at the Boston University School of Medicine and a clinical research psychologist at the National Center for PTSD at the VA Boston Health Care System.

“Right before your period starts, estradiol and progesterone are declining rapidly,” Dr. Nillni explains. “Researchers have speculated that rapid hormonal withdrawal might underlie those symptoms. However, reactions to these normal hormone changes are unique; some women experience mood changes across their menstrual cycles, while some experience minimal changes in their mood related to their menstrual cycle.”

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Is Feeling Anxious During Your Cycle Normal?

For some women, anxiety is par for the course, says Nillni. “A large portion of women will feel some sort of mood or affect change before their period. It’s not necessarily anxiety — it could also be feeling more irritable, sad, or having mood swings.” Or you could feel no different at all. Only a small minority of women, about 3 to 8 percent, will experience mood changes around the menstrual cycle that cause significant disruption in their daily lives.

RELATED: Women, Hormones, and Depression

Is Anxiety Part of PMS and PMDD?

“Some women with anxiety problems may experience a premenstrual exacerbation of their anxiety symptoms. Also, some of the factors that predict anxiety-related problems also predict PMS, suggesting a potential link between these two problems,” says Nillni. She adds that for a diagnosis of PMDD, you need to have one or more of the following mood symptoms: mood swings, depressed mood, anxiety, or irritability, along with other physical symptoms such as fatigue, appetite, and sleep changes. Additionally, these symptoms must occur during most menstrual cycles and cause significant distress or impairment.

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Getting Help for Your Anxiety During Your Menstrual Cycle

Are you experiencing PMS or PMDD? Nillni says you should ask yourself how distressing or impairing the symptoms are: Is it interfering with your ability to work or go to school, engage in your hobbies, interact with your family and friends, or socialize? Those are signs that something unusual is going on and you should seek help.

Home Remedies to Alleviate Feeling Anxious With Your Period

Laurie Steelsmith, ND, a naturopathic doctor, acupuncturist, and author of Natural Choices for Women’s Health recommends the following self-care strategies.

  • Exercise You don’t have to go to the gym. Dance at home, go for a walk or run. Move in all directions, not just up and down. “You increase your oxygen intake and circulation through movement, which increases blood flow to your liver. This helps your liver break down your hormones,” says Dr. Steelsmith.
  • Restorative yoga This practice puts you into a parasympathetic (calm) state. “It takes you right out of that fight-or-flight anxious feeling,” she says.
  • Avoid caffeine This stimulant can cause your heart to race, which mimics a panic attack.
  • Magnesium The crucial mineral can balance the neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid). The first is a stimulating neurotransmitter or brain chemical; the second is a calming one. Consult your doctor before you add this or any supplement to your regular diet.
  • Vitamin B6 According to the National Institutes of Health, there is some preliminary data showing that this B vitamin can help with PMS symptoms.
  • L-theanine Found in green tea, this amino acid has been shown to relax the mind without making you sleepy, according to research published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Medications and Therapies That Can Help With Menstrual-Associated Anxiety

If self-care doesn’t work, talk with your physician about prescription medications, says Thalia Robakis, MD, PhD, the codirector of the Women’s Mental Health Program at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City.

  • Anti-anxiety and anti-depression medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), buspirone, propanolol, and benzodiazepine.
  • Hormonal birth control, such as the pill, ring, or patch, can be useful to women whose irritability is specifically premenstrual. Women whose anxiety or irritability is not related to their menstrual cycle may find that hormonal birth control affects their mood adversely.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) This form of psychotherapy helps you to replace negative thoughts with positive ones.

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Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph. D., MSN — By Corinne O’Keefe Osborn on September 10, 2019

Period got you on edge? You’re not alone. Although you may hear less about it than cramps and bloating, anxiety is a hallmark symptom of PMS.

Anxiety can take different forms, but it often includes:

  • excessive worrying
  • nervousness
  • tension

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is defined as a combination of both physical and psychiatric symptoms that occur during the luteal phase of your cycle. The luteal phase begins after ovulation and ends when you get your period — typically lasting about 2 weeks.

During that time, many experience mild-to-moderate mood changes. If your symptoms are severe, they could indicate a more serious disorder, such as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

Read on to learn more about why anxiety happens before your period and how to manage it.

Even in the 21st century, experts don’t have a great understanding of premenstrual symptoms and conditions.

But most believe that PMS symptoms, including anxiety, arrive in response to changing levels of estrogen and progesterone. Levels of these reproductive hormones rise and fall dramatically during the luteal phase of menstruation.

Basically, your body prepares for pregnancy by increasing hormone production after ovulation. But if an egg doesn’t implant, those hormone levels drop and you get your period.

This hormonal rollercoaster can affect neurotransmitters in your brain, such as serotonin and dopamine, which are associated with mood regulation.

This may partly explain the psychological symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and mood swings, that happen during PMS.

It’s unclear why PMS hits some people harder than others. But some people may be more sensitive to hormonal fluctuations than others, possibly due to genetics.

Severe premenstrual anxiety can sometimes be a sign of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) or premenstrual exacerbation (PME).


PMDD is a mood disorder that affects up to 5 percent of people who menstruate.

The symptoms are usually severe enough to interfere with your daily life and can include:

  • feelings of irritability or anger that often affect your relationships
  • feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or despair
  • feelings of tension or anxiety
  • feeling on edge or keyed up
  • mood swings or frequent crying
  • decreased interest in activities or relationships
  • trouble thinking or focusing
  • tiredness or low energy
  • food cravings or binge eating
  • trouble sleeping
  • feeling out of control
  • physical symptoms, such as cramps, bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, and joint or muscle pain

PMDD is closely associated with preexisting mental health disorders. If you have a personal or family history of anxiety or depression, you may have an increased risk.


PME is closely related to PMDD. It happens when a preexisting condition, such as generalized anxiety disorder, intensifies during the luteal phase of your cycle.

Other preexisting conditions that can flare up before your period include:

  • depression
  • anxiety disorders
  • migraine
  • seizures
  • substance use disorder
  • eating disorders
  • schizophrenia

The difference between PMDD and PME is that those with PME experience symptoms all month long, they just get worse in the weeks before their period.

There are a number of things you can do to lessen premenstrual anxiety and other PMS symptoms, most of which involve changes to your lifestyle and diet.

But don’t panic — they aren’t too drastic. In fact, you’re already working on the first step: Awareness.

Simply knowing that your anxiety is tied to your menstrual cycle can help you better equip yourself to deal with your symptoms as they arise.

Things that can help to keep anxiety in check include:

  • Aerobic exercise. Research shows that those who get regular exercise throughout the month have less severe PMS symptoms. Regular exercisers are less likely than the general population to have mood and behavior changes, such as anxiety, depression, and trouble concentrating. Exercise may also reduce painful physical symptoms.
  • Relaxation techniques. Using relaxation techniques to reduce stress may help control your premenstrual anxiety. Common techniques include yoga, meditation, and massage therapy.
  • Sleep. If your busy life is messing with your sleep habits, it may be time to prioritize consistency. Getting enough sleep is important, but it’s not the only thing. Try to develop a regular sleep schedule in which you wake up and go to sleep at the same time every day — including weekends.
  • Diet. Eat carbs (seriously). Eating a diet rich in complex carbohydrates — think whole grains and starchy veggies — can reduce moodiness and anxiety-inducing food cravings during PMS. You may also want to consume foods rich in calcium, such as yogurt and milk.
  • Vitamins. Studies have found that both calcium and vitamin B-6 can reduce the physical and psychological symptoms of PMS. Learn more about vitamins and supplements for PMS.

Things to limit

There are also certain things that can trigger PMS symptoms. In the week or two before your period, you might want to stay away from or limit your intake of:

  • alcohol
  • caffeine
  • fatty foods
  • salt
  • sugar

Was this helpful?

The tips discussed above can help to manage active PMS symptoms and reduce your chances of experiencing them. But there’s not a whole lot else you can do about PMS.

However, you might be able to get more bang for your buck out of those tips by tracking your symptoms throughout your cycle using an app or diary. Add in data about your lifestyle changes so you can get a better idea of what’s most effective and what you can maybe skip.

For example, mark down days in which you get at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise. See if your symptoms decrease overtime as your fitness level increases.

If your symptoms don’t improve after lifestyle changes or you think you may have PMDD or PME, it’s worth following up with your healthcare provider.

If you’ve been tracking your period and PMS symptoms, bring those along to the appointment if you can.

If you do have PME or PMDD, the first line of treatment for both conditions are antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs increase serotonin levels in your brain, which may help decrease depression and anxiety.

A little bit of anxiety in the week or two before your period is totally normal. But if your symptoms are having a negative impact on your life, there are things you can try for relief.

Start by making a few lifestyle changes. If those don’t seem to cut it, don’t hesitate to talk to your healthcare provider or gynecologist.

Read this article in Spanish.

Last medically reviewed on September 10, 2019

How we reviewed this article:

Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.

  • Aganoff J, et al. (1994). Aerobic exercise, mood states and menstrual cycle symptoms.
  • Canning S, et al. (2008). Dietary supplements and herbal remedies for premenstrual syndrome (PMS): A systematic research review of the evidence for their efficacy.
  • Hofmeister S, et al. (2016). Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
  • Mayo Clinic Staff. (2018). Anxiety disorders.
  • Nillni YI, et al. (2011). Anxiety sensitivity, the menstrual cycle, and panic disorder: a putative neuroendocrine and psychological interaction. DOI:
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). (2018).
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). (2015).
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). (2018).

Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available.

Current Version

Sep 10, 2019

Written By

Corinne Osborn

Edited By

Elizabeth Donovan

Medically Reviewed By

Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph. D., MSN

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Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph.D., MSN — By Corinne O’Keefe Osborn on September 10, 2019

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Can it be menstruation? Important facts about the women’s cycle

Women often wonder if their symptoms might be related to their periods. In the article you will find a detailed answer to the question: can it be menstruation or not? We draw your attention to the possibility of contacting a doctor if you feel unusual changes in your health.

The menstrual cycle is a normal process in a woman’s life that begins with the first menstruation and ends at menopause. The cycle usually lasts from 21 to 35 days with a possible duration of 2 to 7 days. However, some changes in the cycle, such as delay, change in duration or profusion, can cause fear and anxiety in women.

Pregnancy may be one reason for cycle changes, but there are other factors that can affect the menstrual cycle, such as weight changes, lifestyle changes, stress, thyroid disease, and medications taken.

Understanding your cycle and the factors that can change it is important for women’s health and pregnancy planning. In this article, we will look at some important facts about the female cycle that will help you understand how your body works.

Knowing your menstrual cycle can improve a woman’s quality of life and health, as well as help with conscious parenting and pregnancy planning.

What is the female cycle?

The female cycle is a natural biological process that occurs in women during their reproductive years. In the cycle, conception and pregnancy are possible. It is a sequence of physiological changes that occur in a woman’s body under the influence of various hormones.

Women’s cycle lasts an average of 28 days, but it can be less than 21 days, and more than 35 days. It begins on the first day of menstruation and is divided into two phases: the ovulation phase and the luteal phase, or corpus luteum.

The ovulation phase is the period when the egg leaves the ovary and travels to the uterus for fertilization. At this time, a woman may experience a slight malaise, soreness in the lower abdomen and sometimes an elevated body temperature. The second phase – the luteal phase – begins after ovulation and ends before the onset of the next menstruation.

Understanding how the female cycle works can help women plan their families and know when they are likely to conceive.

  • Some facts about the female cycle:
  • The average cycle is 28 days.
  • Ovulation occurs approximately in the middle of the cycle, on the 14-15th day.
  • The first period usually starts at the age of 11-14.
  • Towards the end of the cycle, a woman may develop severe nervous irritability and soreness in the chest.

Duration of the female cycle

The female cycle starts from the day of the beginning of the last monthly bleeding and ends on the day of the beginning of the next one. The average cycle length is 28 days, but can vary from 21 to 35 days, depending on the body of a particular woman. For some women, the cycle may be longer than 35 days or shorter than 21 days.

As a rule, the duration of the female cycle remains approximately the same for each woman, but there may also be slight deviations. For example, stress, lifestyle changes, and the use of alcohol and other substances can affect the length of your cycle.

In addition, it should be taken into account that the timing of ovulation – the process when a mature egg leaves the ovaries and is ready for fertilization – can also cause fluctuations in the length of the cycle. It is during ovulation that the most favorable moment for conception occurs.

It is important that every woman monitor the length of her cycle and pay attention to any unusual deviations. If a woman notices significant changes in the duration of her cycle or associated symptoms, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist to diagnose possible diseases or problems with the cardiovascular system.

Yes, often


Yes, sometimes


What are the phases of the female cycle?

The phases of the female cycle are divided into two main phases – ovulatory and miscarriage. In the ovulatory phase, estrogens are produced, which are necessary for the possibility of conceiving a child, as well as the preparation of the uterine mucosa to receive a fertilized egg. It lasts an average of 10 to 14 days. At the end of it, the egg itself leaves the ovary and moves through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it can be fertilized by a sperm.

Miscarriage or the luteal phase occurs after the ovulatory phase and lasts approximately 14 days. If the fertilized egg does not take root, then the uterine mucosa is rejected, and the condition begins anew. During miscarriage, progesterones are produced, which are necessary to strengthen and maintain the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus), as well as to prepare the breast for feeding the baby and regulate appetite.

Periodic manifestation of the phases of the female cycle leads to menstrual bleeding, also known as menstruation or menstruation. A regular menstrual cycle is a sign of women’s health and an indicator of the presence or absence of pregnancy.

It is also possible to distinguish such phases as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and the postmenstrual period, which also have their own characteristics and manifestations.

Knowledge of the phases of the female cycle is important for every woman, as it allows you to control your sex life, know the probable dates of conception and provides opportunities for self-diagnosis of various diseases.

Follicular phase

The follicular phase is the first stage of the menstrual cycle. It starts on the first day of menstruation and continues until the moment of ovulation. During this phase, hormones cause the growth and maturation of follicles in the ovaries, from which one will be selected for ovulation.

Estrogen, the main hormone of the follicular phase, plays an important role in preparing the body for ovulation. They enhance the growth of the endometrium and control the level of gonadotropins – hormones that regulate the process of ovulation. Estrogen levels gradually increase during the follicular phase and reach a peak at the time of ovulation.

In addition, the follicular phase is associated with the possibility of pregnancy: as a rule, it lasts from 10 to 20 days, but it can be different for each woman. It is very important to keep track of these days in order to understand your cycle and plan pregnancy more easily.

  1. The follicular phase begins on the first day of menstruation.
  2. During the phase, the follicles in the ovaries grow and mature.
  3. Estrogen levels rise and peak at the time of ovulation.
  4. The follicular phase lasts an average of 10 to 20 days and is different for every woman.

Ovulatory phase

The ovulatory phase is the period of the female cycle when ovulation occurs (the release of an egg from the ovarian follicle). This process occurs approximately on the 14th day of the cycle and lasts about 24 hours.

During this phase, the woman’s body actively produces estrogens, which contribute to the maturation of the egg and its release. Ovulation is the most favorable period for conception: at this time, a woman is most likely to become pregnant.

If fertilization does not occur, the luteal phase begins a few days later and lasts approximately 14 days. During this period, a fertilized egg, if any, must make its way into the uterus and nestle against its walls.

If pregnancy does not occur, then menstruation occurs – the beginning of a new cycle. Menstruation is a consequence of the rejection of the uterine mucosa, which was formed in the previous cycle in preparation for receiving a fertilized egg.


Luteal is the second phase of the menstrual cycle. It starts after ovulation and continues until the start of the next cycle or pregnancy.

During the luteal phase, the hormone corpus luteum increases the production of progesterone. This hormone prepares the endometrium of the uterus to receive a fertilized egg.

If fertilization does not occur, progesterone levels fall, leading to vasoconstriction, bleeding, and endometrial detachment. This is monthly.

The duration of the luteal phase is usually 10-16 days. A short or long luteal phase can be associated with problems in the body and make it difficult to conceive and maintain a pregnancy.

Measuring body temperature and monitoring the concentration of hormones in the blood allows you to know the duration of the luteal phase and determine the presence of problems in the body.

How to determine ovulation?

1. Measuring basal temperature

One way to determine ovulation is to measure body temperature every day during the cycle. The most accurate indicator is basal body temperature (BBT). In the first phase of the cycle, BBT is lower, and during ovulation, it rises by 0.5-1 degrees. This is due to changes in hormone levels, especially progesterone.

2. Using ovulation tests

Ovulation tests are another way to detect ovulation. These tests measure luteinizing hormone (LH) levels, which rise 12 to 36 hours before ovulation begins. If the test is positive, it means that ovulation will start in 24-48 hours.

3. Changes in general condition

Women often notice changes in their general condition during ovulation. For example, they may notice an increase in the mammary glands, a more pronounced manifestation of premenstrual tension syndrome (PMS), a change in vaginal secretion, etc.

4. Using ultrasound

Ultrasound is a more accurate way to determine if you are ovulating. Your healthcare professional may do an ultrasound to make sure that you have actually ovulated in your ovary. This method is suitable for determining the exact day of ovulation.

5. Regular cycle

If a woman has regular periods, this may be a sign of a regular ovulation cycle. But even then, it will be useful for a woman to know when the egg itself is released in order to increase her chances of pregnancy and use this knowledge for contraception.

Reasons for changing the length of the cycle

The duration of the female cycle can change for various reasons:

  • Hormonal problems. Changes in the level of hormones in the body can lead to disruption of the cycle. For example, high prolactin levels can increase the interval between periods.
  • Stress. Severe stress can increase the time between bleeding or even stop it temporarily.
  • Wrong diet. Only a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals is useful. Lack of essential nutrients can lead to cycle changes.
  • Physical activity. Excessively intense sports or extreme exercise can damage the body, which will affect the woman’s menstrual cycle.
  • Diseases. Some diseases, such as PCOS, can cause cycle changes.
  • Medicines. Some medications, including hormones, antidepressants, antibiotics, may interfere with the menstrual cycle.

What is a menstrual cube?

The Menstrual Cube is an instrument for determining the amount of bleeding during menstruation. It is a cube with graduations on the sides, which must be inserted into the vagina during menstruation.

Typically, health care providers use a menstrual cube to more accurately determine the amount of blood lost during menstruation. This information can be useful in diagnosing certain diseases and disorders of the female reproductive organs.

There are several types of menstrual cubes that differ in shape and graduation. Some of them have additional features such as analysis of the microbiome and other biochemical parameters. However, the use of a menstrual cube involves certain hygiene and sterilization practices to avoid infections and other health problems.

It is important to remember that the use of a menstrual cube is optional and may be substituted by other means of controlling bleeding volume and health status.

Normal period

Normal period (menstruation) is considered to be between 3 and 7 days. If the duration of menstruation is less than 3 days or more than 7 days, this may be a sign of a violation of the female cycle or other diseases, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or ovarian cysts.

If you notice changes in the duration and intensity of your periods, you should contact your gynecologist for advice and diagnosis. Regular visits to the doctor and a healthy lifestyle can improve your female cycle and overall health.

In addition, a healthy lifestyle, such as a healthy diet, exercise, and stress reduction, can help improve the health of the female reproductive system and reduce the risk of various diseases.

How to distinguish between menstruation and bleeding?

Most women know that menstruation is a normal occurrence in the female body, which is associated with the monthly cycle of hormone changes. However, sometimes women may experience bleeding that is not a period and may signal problems in the body.

The main difference between menstruation and bleeding is the amount of blood and its duration. Usually, menstruation lasts from 3 to 7 days, but no more than 8-9 days. Bleeding can last much longer or be richer than normal periods.

Also, bleeding may be associated with disruptions in the menstrual cycle, when there is an advance or delay in the onset of menstruation. It can also be a signal of the occurrence of endometriosis, uterine fibroids or other diseases.

If you notice heavy bleeding that lasts more than 7-8 days or is not related to the menstrual cycle, be sure to contact your gynecologist to find out the cause and prescribe the necessary treatment.

The effect of physical activity on the cycle

Physical activity is an important aspect of a healthy lifestyle, but it can sometimes affect the menstrual cycle. Athletes and women who exercise frequently may notice changes in their cycle.

According to research, intense exercise can cause a delay in menstruation or a decrease in its duration. This is because exercise reduces the levels of female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which can make ovulation difficult.

However, a small amount of physical activity, such as daily walks or light yoga, can improve blood circulation and speed up cell renewal in the body. This can lead to regular and healthier monthly cycles.

If you exercise regularly and notice changes in your cycle, it is recommended to visit a gynecologist to make sure everything is in order with your health. It is also worth discussing with your trainer the optimal levels of physical activity to keep your menstrual cycle regular.

Effect of nutrition on the cycle

Proper nutrition can affect a woman’s menstrual cycle. Lack of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients can lead to hormonal imbalances, which in turn can cause a cycle disorder.

Foods that are too fatty, salty, or sugary can also interfere with ovulation and hormone production, resulting in irregular cycles. In addition, irregular meals and heavy overeating can cause a metabolic burden on the body, which negatively affects a woman’s cycle.

However, there are certain foods that can help normalize the cycle and improve a woman’s health. For example, iron-rich foods (meat, fish, and green vegetables) can help reduce hair loss, which can occur in women during menstruation. Calcium-rich foods (milk, yogurt, and cheese) can help relieve menstrual pain.

Keep in mind that each organism is unique and there may be individual differences in response to a particular type of food. Therefore, in order to normalize the cycle, a woman should monitor her diet and consult a doctor if there is any doubt.

  • Important: Proper nutrition can influence a woman’s cycle;
  • Negative effect: lack of vitamins, fatty, salty or sweet foods can cause disruption of the hormonal system;
  • Healthy foods: iron (meat, fish, green vegetables) can help reduce hair loss. Calcium (milk, yogurt, cheese) may help relieve menstrual pain;
  • Recommendations: every body is unique, and a woman should monitor her diet and consult a doctor.

What diseases can affect the cycle?

A woman’s cycle can be disturbed by various diseases. Here are some of them:

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal imbalance that can cause not only menstrual irregularities, but also infertility.
  • Ovarian dysfunction is the absence of ovarian function, which can lead to amenorrhea (absence of menstruation).
  • Endometriosis is a disease in which cells of the endometrium (inner layer of the uterus) grow outside of it. This can lead to painful and irregular periods.
  • Thyroid disorders – deficiency or excess of thyroid hormones can lead to cycle disorders.
  • Anorexia is an eating disorder that can cause menstruation to stop.

If you notice changes in your cycle, contact your gynecologist for advice. Early detection and treatment of the disease can help avoid serious consequences.

How to deal with pain during menstruation?

Many women experience menstrual pain, which can significantly impair their quality of life. The following suggestions will help you deal with this issue:

  • Drink more water. Increase your water intake to reduce sodium levels in the body, which can increase pain.
  • Eat right. Avoid fatty and heavy foods, give preference to vegetables and fruits. Also, eat more protein to reduce inflammation in the body.
  • Apply heat. Use a warm compress on the abdomen or a heating pad to relieve pain.
  • Reduce stress. Relaxation exercises, meditation, and yoga can help manage stress, which can make pain worse.
  • Take your medication. Some drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can help with period pain.
  • Seek medical attention. If the pain is too severe and interferes with normal life, see a doctor for advice and possible treatment.

How to lead a healthy lifestyle, taking into account the female cycle?

The female cycle has a major impact on a woman’s health and well-being. That being said, a healthy lifestyle can help deal with some of the annoyances associated with the cycle. Here are some tips to help a woman deal with it.

  • Pay attention to your diet. Eat more fruits, vegetables, proteins, and fish, and organize your meals so that you eat small portions several times a day.
  • Remember to exercise. Sports training will help reduce stress and reduce pain during menstruation.
  • Control your weight. Women who are overweight or obese often experience more severe PMS symptoms.
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol. Nicotine and alcohol can exacerbate many of the symptoms of PMS, just as they can lead to other healthy problems.

It is important to remember that every woman is unique and may need an individual approach to caring for her health. But it is important for all women to lead a healthy lifestyle in order to improve their well-being during periods associated with the cycle.


What is the menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle is a periodic change in the levels of hormones in the female body. It starts on the first day of menstruation and continues until the first day of the next period. During a cycle, a variety of changes occur in a woman’s body, including changes in hormone levels, changes in the lining of the uterus, and so on.

Why keep a calendar of the female cycle?

The Women’s Cycle Calendar is an important tool for monitoring the menstrual cycle, which is related to ovulation and pregnancy planning. In addition, the calendar can help identify a woman’s health problems, such as amenorrhea or dysmenorrhea.

By recording the beginning and end of your period on a calendar, you can determine your own normal cycle and detect deviations in its duration or regularity. This can help diagnose diseases such as endometriosis, PCOS, or other problems associated with hyperprolactinemia or the thyroid gland.

Another important reason for keeping a calendar is to monitor the effectiveness of the chosen method of contraception. Recording the dates of the beginning and end of menstruation will help you understand how correctly and regularly to apply the chosen method of protection against unwanted pregnancy.

In general, keeping a women’s cycle calendar allows you to better understand your body and maintain health. The calendar will make it easier to monitor pregnancy planning and remove risks when using contraception, which will make a woman’s life safer and more comfortable.

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Why can my periods be so long?

Find out why your periods may last longer than usual. Find out what can affect the duration of your period and what steps you can take to improve this process.

Menstruation, or menstruation, is a natural physiological process in women, which usually repeats every month. The normal duration of menstruation is 2 to 7 days. However, for some women, the duration of menstruation can be significantly longer, which causes anxiety and inconvenience.

One of the reasons for prolonged periods may be a violation of the hormonal balance in the body. Hormones play an important role in the regulation of the menstrual cycle, and any changes in their levels can lead to a violation of the regularity and duration of menstruation. For example, elevated estrogen levels can cause menstrual periods to lengthen.

Another possible cause of prolonged periods may be gynecological problems such as uterine polyps or fibroids. Polyps are small growths that can appear on the walls of the uterus and cause bleeding. Fibroids are tumors in the muscles of the uterus that can lead to increased bleeding during menstruation.

It is also worth noting that prolonged periods may be associated with the use of certain types of contraception, such as the spiral or hormonal preparations. Some women may experience lengthening of their periods when using these methods of contraception.

In any case, if the duration of menstruation significantly exceeds the norm and is accompanied by severe pain or other unpleasant symptoms, you should consult a doctor. Only a specialist will be able to determine the cause of prolonged periods and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Why can menstruation last so long?

The duration of each woman’s period is individual and can vary from a few days to two weeks. However, if the period lasts more than 7 days, this is already considered a long period and requires attention.

One of the reasons for the duration of menstruation may be hormonal imbalance. If the levels of estrogen and progesterone are imbalanced, this can lead to an increase or slowdown in the processes of the uterine lining, which in turn affects the duration of menstruation.

Another possible cause of prolonged periods may be the presence of polyps or fibroids in the uterus. These formations can cause bleeding and increase the duration of menstruation.

Also, prolonged periods may be associated with the use of certain drugs, such as anticoagulants or hormonal contraceptives. They can affect blood clotting or change hormones, which can lead to prolonged periods.

If menstruation is prolonged and accompanied by severe pain, profuse discharge or other unpleasant symptoms, it is recommended to consult a gynecologist for an examination and identification of the reasons for the duration of menstruation. The doctor will be able to prescribe the necessary treatment or correction of the hormonal background to normalize the duration of menstruation.

Influence of the hormonal background

The duration of menstruation can be significantly increased under the influence of the hormonal background of the body. Hormones play an important role in the regulation of the menstrual cycle and control the processes that occur in a woman’s body.

In the first phase of the cycle, estrogens dominate and stimulate the growth of the endometrium, the inner layer of the uterus. If ovulation does not occur, progesterone levels remain low, which can lead to longer periods.

Also, irregular hormone levels can cause a delay in menstruation. For example, elevated levels of prolactin, the hormone responsible for lactation, can interfere with normal ovarian function and delay periods.

Hormonal changes can be caused by a variety of factors such as stress, psychological distress, weight changes, certain medications, and even changes in the environment.

In order to maintain normal hormonal levels and a regular menstrual cycle, it is important to pay attention to general health and, if necessary, consult a doctor to identify possible causes and prescribe the necessary treatment. All of the above 0%

Thyroid disorders

The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs of the endocrine system. It is responsible for the production of hormones that regulate metabolic processes in the body. However, a malfunction of this gland can lead to various problems, including a change in the duration of menstruation.

One of the most common thyroid disorders is hypothyroidism. With this disease, there is a decrease in the level of thyroid hormones, which can lead to long and heavy periods. Also, hypothyroidism can cause a delay in menstruation or a complete cessation of menstruation.

Thyroid disorders can also be associated with hyperthyroidism. With this disease, the level of thyroid hormones increases, which can lead to a reduction in the duration of menstruation and their profusion. Hyperthyroidism can also cause irregular and painful periods.

Another common thyroid disorder is thyroid insufficiency. With this disease, the level of thyroid hormones decreases, which can lead to a violation of the regularity of menstruation and their duration. Also, thyroid insufficiency can cause heavy and prolonged periods.

In case of thyroid disorders, it is necessary to consult an endocrinologist for diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Only after the necessary medical procedures have been carried out, one can count on the normalization of the duration of menstruation and the improvement of the general state of health.

Stress and emotional tension

Stress and emotional tension can have a significant effect on the duration of menstruation in women. When the body is stressed, it can produce more stress hormones such as cortisol, which can affect the regularity and length of the menstrual cycle.

Emotional stress caused by various factors, such as work, family problems or financial difficulties, can also affect the hormonal balance in a woman’s body. This can lead to unusually long or short periods.

Stress and emotional tension can also cause lifestyle changes such as poor diet, lack of sleep and physical inactivity. All this can affect hormonal balance and, ultimately, the duration of menstruation.

It is important to note that each organism is unique, and the reaction to stress and emotional tension may be different. Some women may experience longer monthly periods while others may experience shorter or irregular cycles.

If the length of your monthly periods is disturbing or unusual for you, it is recommended that you contact your doctor or gynecologist for a more detailed examination and consultation.

Malnutrition and diets

The duration of menstruation can be long due to malnutrition and diets. Lack of important nutrients such as iron, vitamins and minerals can lead to hormonal imbalance and prolonged periods.

One of the factors affecting the duration of menstruation is iron deficiency. Iron plays an important role in the formation of blood, and its deficiency can lead to anemia. Anemia can cause not only long and heavy periods, but also other symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, and dizziness.

Unhealthy diets and diets rich in fatty and processed foods can also affect the length of your period. Increased consumption of fatty foods can lead to disruption of hormone metabolism, which can lead to long and painful periods.

Diets with calorie restriction or insufficient food intake can also cause changes in hormonal balance and an increase in the duration of menstruation. The body needs sufficient energy and nutrients to maintain normal functioning, including the regulation of the menstrual cycle.

It is important to consider that the duration of menstruation can be influenced not only by malnutrition and diets, but also by other factors. If you have problems with the duration of your periods or other aspects of your menstrual cycle, it is recommended that you see your doctor for diagnosis and advice.

Inflammatory processes in the body

Inflammatory processes in the body can be one of the reasons for the prolonged duration of menstruation. Inflammation can occur in various organs and systems of the body, such as the uterus, ovaries, or cervix. Inflammation can be caused by infection, trauma, chronic disease, or other factors.

Inflammation leads to activation of the immune system and release of inflammatory mediators such as cytokines. This leads to the expansion of blood vessels and an increase in the permeability of the vascular wall. This can lead to an increase in the amount of bleeding during menstruation and a lengthening of their duration.

Inflammation can also cause changes in the endometrium, the inner layer of the uterus that is shed during menstruation. Inflammation can lead to endometrial thickening or uneven shedding, which can lead to longer periods.

To determine the exact cause of prolonged periods and identify inflammatory processes in the body, you should consult a doctor. The doctor will perform the necessary tests, such as blood and urine tests, ultrasound, to determine the presence of inflammation and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Heredity and genetic factors

The length of a woman’s period can vary and depends on many factors, including heredity and genetics. Studies show that the length of the menstrual cycle can be inherited from the mother or grandmother.

Some genes can influence the hormonal system that regulates the menstrual cycle. For example, the genes responsible for the synthesis of the hormone estrogen or progesterone can affect the duration of menstruation. If a woman has hereditary changes in these genes, it can lead to unusually long or short periods.

In addition, genetic factors can affect ovarian and uterine function. For example, inherited mutations in genes associated with the formation and function of the endometrium can lead to unusually prolonged bleeding during menstruation.

It is also worth noting that genetic factors may interact with other external factors such as diet, physical activity and stress. For example, in women who have inherited genes associated with increased levels of stress, the duration of menstruation may be increased in stressful situations.

In general, heredity and genetic factors play an important role in determining the duration of menstruation. However, it is worth remembering that this is only one of many factors, and each woman can have individual characteristics of her menstrual cycle.

Taking hormonal drugs

One of the reasons why menstruation can be so long is taking hormonal drugs. Hormonal preparations contain artificial hormones that can affect the regularity and length of the menstrual cycle in women.

Taking hormonal drugs can lead to changes in the level of hormones in the body, which can delay or prolong menstruation. Certain hormonal medications, such as birth control pills, can also change the overall structure and function of the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus, which can lead to longer periods.

It is important to note that the duration of menstruation while taking hormonal drugs can be individual and depends on various factors, including the type of drug, dosage, body response and other external and internal factors.

If you experience problems with the duration of your periods while taking hormonal drugs, it is recommended that you consult your doctor to assess the situation and, if necessary, adjust the dosage or prescribe alternative methods for controlling the regularity of the menstrual cycle.

Diseases of the genital organs

The duration of menstruation can be long for various reasons, including diseases of the genital organs. One such disease is endometriosis. In this disease, endometrial-like tissue begins to grow outside the uterus, which can lead to prolonged and heavy periods.

Another disease that can affect the duration of menstruation is uterine fibroids. A fibroid is a tumor that forms in the muscles of the uterus. This disease can cause prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding.

Genital infections can also cause prolonged periods. For example, a vaginal infection caused by bacterial vaginosis or a fungus can lead to unusual periods, including prolonged periods of bleeding.

Some hormonal disorders, such as polycystic ovaries or hypothyroidism, can also affect the length of your periods. With polycystic ovaries, a woman’s body has an excess of male hormones, which can lead to prolonged and irregular periods. Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, can cause long and heavy periods due to hormonal imbalance.

In some cases, prolonged periods may be a sign of a serious condition, such as cervical cancer or endometrial cancer. These diseases require medical intervention and treatment.

It is important to see a doctor if your period lasts longer than usual or is accompanied by other symptoms such as severe pain or heavy bleeding. Only a qualified doctor can determine the cause of prolonged periods and prescribe the appropriate treatment.


Why is a period up to 7 days considered normal?

Periods up to 7 days are considered normal because this is the average length of a cycle for most women. However, each woman may have her own individual cycle, and the duration of menstruation can vary from 3 to 7 days.

Why can menstruation last more than 7 days?

If menstruation lasts more than 7 days, this may be due to various factors such as hormonal imbalance, uterine polyps, fibroids or other diseases of the reproductive system. In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor to diagnose and determine the cause.

What can cause a long period?

Long periods can be related to various factors, such as hormonal imbalance, inflammation in the reproductive system, the presence of polyps or fibroids, and certain medications. To determine the exact cause, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

What can be done to reduce the duration of menstruation?

If you want to shorten your period, there are some guidelines that you can follow. First, pay attention to your health and maintain hormonal balance. Secondly, watch your diet and eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals.