Color of your poop chart: Stool Color Changes and Chart: What Does It Mean?
Types of Poop: Appearance, Color, Consistency
Everybody examines their poop from time to time. It’s normal and appropriate to peer down into the porcelain throne and take a look at what just came out of our body.
While it can be a topic too taboo for some, the fact remains that the look of our feces can tell us important information about our digestive health. But without a guide to show us the way, we might be tempted to jump to all sorts of conclusions—some of which may even leave us overly concerned or afraid. Fortunately, medical science has come to the rescue in recent decades, and now we have a useful and comprehensive tool for checking our stool.
What is the Bristol Stool Scale?
In 1997, Ken Heaton and Stephen Lewis, doctors from the Bristol Royal Infirmary in Bristol, UK, developed a classification chart that would serve as a diagnostic and communication tool for patients with gastrointestinal maladies. The chart, now known as “the Bristol Stool Scale” (also sometimes referred to as the “Bristol Stool Form Scale” or the “Bristol Stool Chart”) and published in the Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, was the result of robust research into the dietary habits of a sample group of volunteers.
The original proposal from Heaton and Lewis was that the form of the stool should reliably demonstrate the transit time it takes the stool to pass through the colon. While more recent research has questioned the usefulness of some parts of the chart, it is still widely used and respected by medical practitioners all over the world.
The scale is particularly helpful at giving concerned patients a great overview of what ideal stools should look like. It does this by dividing the potential stool forms into seven types along a continuum of consistency and shape:
- Type 1: Separate hard lumps that are difficult to pass
- Type 2: Shaped like a sausage with smooth, irregular bumps
- Type 3: Shaped like a sausage with a smooth but cracked surface
- Type 4: Shaped like a smooth and soft sausage with no cracks
- Type 5: Soft blobs with clear cut edges that are easy to pass
- Type 6: Mushy stool—fluffy pieces with ragged edges
- Type 7: Primarily liquid with no consistent solid pieces
What is Normal Poop?
The Bristol Stool Scale considers Types 3 and 4 to be “normal” or generally healthy poop. All things being equal, your poop should ideally be shaped like a sausage or log with a smooth surface and be relatively easy to pass. While the chart doesn’t speak specifically to frequency, doctors commonly indicate that a healthy pattern of bowel movements should be anywhere from one to three times per day to three times per week.
By contrast, Types 1-2 on the scale typically indicate constipation, the inability to have a bowel movement. There are a variety of reasons why you could be constipated—most of which are temporary and non-serious. Types 5, 6, and 7 on the scale are the opposite situation and typically indicate some gradation of diarrhea; this, too, can be caused by a variety of factors.
One of the greatest benefits of the chart is the ability to have a common language to use when speaking with your doctor. If you have been experiencing one of the non-normal poops on the list, you can use the chart to help you explain to the doctor what you see when you look in the toilet, and that will better assist your doctor in making a diagnosis.
What Does a Person’s Poop Color Mean?
Beyond the shape and form, many people ask about the color of their poop. What should it look like? What is normal? The Bristol Stool Scale doesn’t comment on color, but other research has shown that the color can be an indicator of a number of conditions:
Brown: As you probably expected, brown is good. You might see various shades of brown, but really anything in the brown realm is a good indicator of bowel health.
Green: While some slight green tinge can be normal and even expected, poop that is vividly green can be either a sign that you’ve been eating a lot of green foods (like spinach) or that your poop is passing through your digestive system too quickly.
Black: This can be a sign of a variety of situations, from intaking too much iron or bismuth to bleeding in your digestive tract. It can even be as simple as eating too much black licorice.
White: Anything close to pale or white, including a color akin to clay, can indicate excessive bile in your poop; extra bile can show up if the duct from your gallbladder is blocked for some reason.
Yellow: Yellow poop sometimes goes along with it being greasy and with an especially pungent odor; this usually means there is an excessive amount of fat in the stool. It can also be a sign of celiac disease, a condition involving the malabsorption of nutrients from your diet.
Red: Apart from some intensely red-colored foods (like tomato juice, beets, or berries), the most likely explanation for red poop is blood. Bleeding in your gastrointestinal tract can be caused by a variety of conditions, so it is wise to see a doctor if you see red poop and can rule out red foods.
What Are the Signs of a Healthy Bowel?
An informed and inquisitive observation of one’s poop can provide plenty of information for an informal check of your bowel health. When you look down after your next bowel movement, you ideally want to see a smooth, brown, sausage-shaped log a few inches in length. Moreover, if that’s happening frequently throughout the week, then you can rest assured that your bowel health is in tip-top shape.
If you see a few irregularities, that doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a big problem, however. Look at the Bristol scale and evaluate what it might indicate about your diet and bowel habits. Maybe you need less fat in your diet. Or more fiber. Or you might need to be drinking more water.
Healthy Poop, Healthy Life
We all look at our poop in the toilet bowl and wonder what it’s telling us. If you pay attention and heed the wisdom of the Bristol Stool Scale, you’ll be well on your way to noticing when something isn’t right. Your bowel health is important to your overall health, and it is directly related to a variety of other conditions you might be susceptible to in your life.
As with any potential health condition, though, the important thing is not to panic if something seems out of the ordinary. This is also why it’s important to make regular visits to your doctor; the more you’re aware of how your body is functioning—and when it seems to be “malfunctioning”—the better you’ll be able to determine when you need to bring a concern to the doctor’s attention.
Talk To a GI Doctor in North Carolina
If you are seeing a stool status that doesn’t seem right, like a change in diameter—especially if it has been going on for more than a week or two—make an appointment to see a specialist. The professional doctors and staff at Carolina Digestive Health Associates are experts in bowel health and can help you figure out what your poop is trying to tell you.
What Your Stool Color Says About Your Health? The Poop Chart
The subject of stool warrants plenty of attention. That’s because your poop color, smell, and shape say a lot about your health.
Basically, your bodily emissions are whatever is left behind once your digestive system completes absorbing nutrients and fluid from the foods and drinks you consume. During a lifetime, the average person produces roughly five tons of poop. The majority of waste discharged from your bowels is about 75 percent water, with the remainder being both dead and live bacteria; undigested food particles; miscellaneous cells; fiber; mucous; proteins and salts; as well as other matter.
On average, though, the human body needs between 18 and 72 hours to convert food into this waste before passing it out of your system. While some people have a bowel movement once daily or three times per week, those who could be described as more “regular” do so as many as three times every day. Of course, bathroom habits vary due to diet, exercise, travel, stress, medications, hormonal fluctuations, sleep patterns, illness, surgery, and childbirth. And the ease with which you move your bowels is far more important than frequency. Generally, you needn’t push or strain yourself during the process. It should be as effortless as peeing or passing some gas.
On the other hand, when the frequency of your defecation is reduced while the transit time is prolonged, you may be constipated. Not fun! This results in dry, hardened excrement. Those over the age of 65 run the risk of becoming constipated the most and should therefore pay closer attention to their stools.
The Mayo Clinic reports that 26 percent of women and 16 percent of men 65 years and older consider themselves constipated. In people over 84, the reported incidence is 34 and 26 percent, respectively. You may be surprised to learn that your predisposition to constipation is not a direct consequence of normal aging. It’s most often caused by medications that affect nerve conduction and smooth muscle function. The gears in your colon just don’t work as efficiently. Other factors that put seniors at risk of constipation include low-fiber diets, limited fluid intake, impaired mobility, and cognitive disorders.
The problem is, chronic, untreated constipation can cause a serious medical condition known as fecal impaction. Laxatives in these cases should be avoided and taken only as a final resort – and for a short period only. Frequent use can weaken the bowel wall muscles and affect nerve function, tampering with your body’s operating systems.
Reading your poop – The Poop Chart
Do you remember when you were in summer camp, when you were told before going to the bathroom, “If it’s brown, flush it down”? Well, you should always stick around for a moment before you do.
The smell, color, consistency, and shape of your fecal matter can reveal how your gastrointestinal tract is working and offer unique insight into your health.
Changes to your stool may be harmless and even temporary, suggesting digestive issues, lactose intolerance, or an adverse reaction to fructose or gluten. But other times, they may indicate problems as serious as infections or cancer, calling for immediate medical attention and intervention.
Here’s a handy stool chart – the Bristol Stool Scale – developed by Dr. Ken Heaton in Bristol, England and first published in 1997. It is designed to classify the various forms of human stools into seven categories, so you can make some notes on your own poop.
Poop measured: The Bristol Stool Scale chart
Constipation: Type 1, 2
Harder, pellet-like poop reveals varying degrees of constipation. And so-called “floaters” typically happen when the body improperly digests fat and nutrients. You know the ones! This stool has low water content, making it difficult to pass. It can also be scratchy and may cause irritation or damage to the anal passage. What to do? Drink more water, increase the fiber in your diet, and get active! Bowel movements are facilitated by walking.
Healthy stool: Type 3, 4
Generally, your stool should appear brown, smooth, and soft‚ sometimes lumpy, but resembling a sausage or a snake. There’s no need to read the paper for long on the toilet because you’re able to do the job with ease, no frowning or straining. Since this is a normal stool, you’re good to go. However, you could drink more water, increase your fiber, and boost your exercise to counter stress and promote healthy bowel movements.
Diarrhea: Type 5, 6, 7
Incredibly loose stools, on the other hand, can occur whenever you take in too much milk, caffeine, vitamin C, magnesium, and antibiotics, as well as really bad food. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and general sickness can also lead to the same. Type 5, soft blobs with clear-cut edges is borderline normal stool, so, again, keep hydrated and eat more fiber-rich fresh fruits and veggies. Fiber helps to sweep the colon, feed our healthy intestinal bacteria, and slow the digestion of food so that we stay full longer and our blood sugar remains at a healthy balance. Types 6 and 7 stools spell trouble and possible infection. Drink plenty of liquids to counter the dehydration; rehydration salts can be helpful to restore lost electrolytes. Definitely contact your doctor if it continues.
As far as pus- or mucus-containing stools are concerned, these can mean an infection, inflammation, or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. But they can also reveal more serious digestive conditions, such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, IBS, and colon cancer.
Narrow stool, which happens every so often, is not problematic. But a thin stool could be symptomatic of IBS, for instance. And pencil-thin stool may reveal a colon obstruction possibly brought on by colon cancer.
The smell of stool is objectionable under normal circumstances. But a relatively bad odor should not be ignored. It is linked to a host of health problems: malabsorptive disorder, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, chronic pancreatitis, and cystic fibrosis (CF), which causes your body to produce mucus that is rather thick and sticky. Mostly affecting infants and toddlers, this gene-related disease brings about both life-threatening lung infections and significant digestive issues.
As far as flatulence is concerned, not only is passing gas normal, it’s a strong indication that trillions of gut bacteria are hard at work doing what they do best. On average, people pass gas about 14 times daily. That’s roughly one to four pints. And 99 percent of this flatulence is completely without odor.
What your stool color says about your health
The color of your stool says a great deal about you, too. If your excrement is reddish in color, it could mean that you’re eating way too many watermelons, cherries, licorice, or beets. If it’s black and tarry, you may be taking too many iron pills or Pepto Bismol. But if your stool remains black in color, you may have a bleeding ulcer or upper gastrointestinal tract.
On the other hand, bloody streaks on the outside of your stool may be the direct result of hemorrhoids or a strained sphincter due to constipation. White or grayish excrement may either reflect a lack of water or too many antacids or calcium supplements in your system. Pale foods, such as rice, can cause this, too. Mucus in the stool can give it a whitish appearance, possibly caused by inflammation or benign conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Far more seriously, though, such stools may be signs of a problematic gallbladder or liver, or fat malabsorption, as with pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer.
Yellow stool, meanwhile, may indicate that food is passing through your digestive tract too quickly or your bile output is insufficient; a gallbladder dysfunction causes the improper handling of bile.
Yellow stool is also seen in people who have the contagious disease Giardiasis, which is caused by a microscopic parasite, and gastro esophageal reflux disease – or GERD – which is when stomach acid comes up from the stomach and into the esophagus, adversely affecting it.
Finally, green stool may occur if you consume too many leafy green vegetables or food containing the same coloring, such as in ice cream, cake frosting, and jelly beans, etc. It can also be brought on by excessive amounts of iron or supplements – natural or otherwise –in your system. Usually, iron-rich foods will stain excrement if your body doesn’t absorb it all. But a stomach virus can also lead to stool that is slimy and green.
|Stool color||What it may mean||Possible dietary causes|
|Green||Food may be moving through the large intestine too quickly, such as due to diarrhea. As a result, bile doesn’t have time to break down completely.||Green leafy vegetables, green food coloring, such as in flavored drink mixes or ice pops, iron supplements.|
|Light-colored, white- or clay-colored||A lack of bile in stool. This may indicate a bile duct obstruction.||Certain medications, such as large doses of bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol) and other anti-diarrheal drugs.|
|Yellow, greasy, foul-smelling||Excess fat in the stool, such as due to a malabsorption disorder, for example, celiac disease.||Sometimes, the protein gluten, such as in breads and cereals. But see a doctor for evaluation.|
|Black||Bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract, such as the stomach.||Iron supplements, bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol), black licorice.|
|Bright red||Bleeding in the lower intestinal tract, such as the large intestine or rectum, often from hemorrhoids.||Red food coloring, beets, cranberries, tomato juice or soup, red gelatin or drink mixes.|
How to poop for the better
The good news is that you can track these changes in your stool. And by simply adjusting your everyday diet and lifestyle, you can do something about them while resolving gastrointestinal problems.
Eat for your colon health! Your diet should include whole foods, such as organic vegetables and fruits that provide essential nutrients and fiber.
Cut out artificial sweeteners, excessive amounts of caffeine, and sugar – especially fructose – chemical additives and processed foods because they are all detrimental to your gastrointestinal functions.
Boost your intestinal flora by adding naturally fermented foods into your diet, such as sauerkraut, pickles, and kefir, especially if you’re not receiving positive bacteria from the foods you eat alone.
Try increasing your fiber intake by consuming about 35 grams psyllium and freshly ground organic flax seed per day, for example.
Be sure to stay well hydrated with fresh, pure water. Get plenty of exercise. Avoid the painkillers codeine or hydrocodone, which will slow down your bowel movements, and antidepressants and antibiotics, which can also disrupt your gastrointestinal functions. Consider squatting as opposed to sitting: squatting actually straightens your rectum and relaxes your puborectalis muscle, helping you to empty your bowel without ever straining, as well as relieve constipation and hemorrhoids. Even consider getting yourself a bidet.
So if you are someone who quickly flushes without ever looking into the toilet bowl, you may wish to slow down and have a peek the next time around. The smell, color, consistency, and shape of your fecal matter could say a whole lot about your digestive tract, not to mention your overall health. And remember: If you see any consistent, dramatic changes in your waste, be sure to visit your doctor straightaway.
What Does the Color of Your Poop Tell You?
Poop owes its normal, brown color to bile, a substance produced by our liver that helps us digest fats, says Dr. Nandi. (Though bile is naturally green, its pigments change color to yellow and brown as they travel through your digestive system and are broken down by enzymes.) If your excrement is brown and solid, you have no obvious reason for concern.
Green poop is “very much in the realm of normal,” says Arun Swaminath, MD, director of the inflammatory bowel diseases program at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. It is usually attributed to something you ate, adds Nandi. Eating lots of green, leafy vegetables like spinach or kale — rich in the pigment chlorophyll — will easily give your feces an emerald hue.
Whitish, clay-colored poop is caused by a lack of bile, which can stem from a blockage of bile ducts. Gallstones are one possible culprit of such an obstruction, says Dr. Swaminath. In addition, “Sometimes people can see white mucus on top of normal colored stool which has a whitish coating,” he says. This can be normal or a sign of a Crohn’s flare. Crohn’s disease causes ulcers in the intestines, which produce mucus in the stool. Alert your doctor when you notice mucus in your bowel movements, especially if it’s more than usual.
For people without Crohn’s, white poop along with abdominal pain, fever, or vomiting means they should call the emergency services. But if you see white poop without any of the aforementioned symptoms, you can wait to see a doctor, Swaminath says.
Yellow poop is another potential indicator of bile shortage, which, again, may be related to obstructed bile ducts. It can also mean that the pancreas is not secreting enough enzymes needed for digestion. “Oftentimes, a few questions about one’s health and medical history by a medical professional can suggest the underlying reason with tailored testing to confirm the diagnosis,” says Nandi. But these aren’t the only possible explanations. When people prep for a colonoscopy, their stool becomes diluted and can also turn yellow, says Nandi. This is a normal phenomenon that shouldn’t cause any concern.
Yellow poop can also arise from excess fat in stool, often due to an inability to break down foods, such as gluten for someone living with celiac disease. If you think this may be causing yellow stool, you should consult your doctor.
If you have ever taken iron tablets or Pepto-Bismol, you have likely experienced this common, though harmless, side effect: black poop. Indeed, certain ingredients in some foods or medications are the most common reason behind your stool turning dark. Even eating a full pack of Oreos can have this effect, says Nandi.
If your poop is dark and solid, you probably have nothing to worry about. But black poop with a more liquid, tarry consistency and a particularly pungent smell is a sign of bleeding in the gastrointestinal system. This issue “may require emergency evaluation with endoscopy,” says Swaminath.
Bright Red Stool
Bright-red stool often results from consumption of scarlet-colored foods or drinks like beets or tomato juice, but it might also indicate bleeding. Small amounts of blood in the stool may be from hemorrhoids, colon polyps, or anal fissures, especially if you are also experiencing pain when pooping, says Swaminath. “Larger amounts of bleeding require hospital admission and further evaluation, often with colonoscopy, to identify and treat the source of bleeding,” he says.
One of the hallmark symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease is bloody diarrhea. Although this is a common symptom of the disease, it’s not normal, and you should tell your doctor how much blood is present in your stool.
Additional reporting by Max Lee Onderdonk
What the colour of your poo says about your health…from green to red and what’s normal
IT’S not everyone’s first choice of conversation, but it’s an important one.
Knowing what your poo should look like can tell you a lot about your health – and can be the first sign of a serious disease.
The Bristol Stool Chart indicates what your poo should look likeCredit: Wikipedia
Your number twos can vary in colour and consistency, depending on several factors like your diet, digestive health and underlying illness.
You may notice slight changes on a day to day basis, but more drastic changes in your bowel movements are a red flag sign for bowel cancer so make sure you see a doctor.
What colour should your poo be?
A healthy poo should be a medium brown, but that doesn’t mean it won’t sometimes be another colour.
But there are some colours that you need to worry about, so make sure you keep an eye on what goes into the toilet.
Sometimes your poo can be green but it’s usually down to a diet high in green vegCredit: Getty – Contributor
Your poop can also be green.
This is usually nothing to worry about as it is often caused by a diet high in green vegetables, but if you have unusual symptoms with it speak to your GP.
The colour can be caused by bile in the poo.
Bile is a brownish-green liquid created by the liver that helps aid digestion, but it can sometimes turn your poo a little to the green side.
It’s nothing to worry about, it just means your liver and pancreas are working normally.
This can be a sign of something quite serious – internal bleeding.
“A black stool indicates bleeding from somewhere within the digestive tract so if someone presents with that you would really want to investigate both the bowel and the stomach,” Charlotte said.
Black poo is a red flag sign for bowel cancer, as well as bright red blood in the poo, so don’t hesitate to speak to a doctor.
Blood in your poo or a black coloured poo is a red flag sign of bowel cancerCredit: Getty – Contributor
Red poo can also be caused by blood in the poo.
As well as bowel cancer this can indicate another condition called haemorrhoids, or piles.
These are swellings of blood vessels found inside your bottom.
They normally don’t cause any pain or discomfort but can cause bleeding, itching and swelling.
If the symptoms persist you should speak to a doctor.
You should never have to strain when you are doing a number twoCredit: Getty – Contributor
If your poo has a light colour or fatty consistency it could be a number of things.
A high fat diet can cause excess fat in your poop, so you may need to start eating healthier.
But a lighter coloured poo can also indicate a problem with your pancreas.
“That can indicate problems with the pancreas or gall bladder, when you have problems with the pancreas it can create a fatty, creamy coloured stool which is quite loose.”
SCREENING FROM 50 IS A NO BRAINER – IT COULD SAVE THOUSANDS OF LIVES
THE Sun’s No Time 2 Lose campaign is calling for bowel cancer screening in England to start at 50 NOT 60.
The move could save more than 4,500 lives a year, experts say.
Bowel cancer is the second deadliest form of the disease, but it can be cured if it’s caught early – or better still prevented.
Caught at stage 1 – the earliest stage – patients have a 97 per cent chance of living for five years or longer.
But catch it at stage 4 – when it’s already spread – and that chance plummets to just seven per cent.
In April, Lauren Backler, whose mum died of the disease at the age of 55, joined forces with The Sun to launch the No Time 2 Lose campaign, also supported by Bowel Cancer UK. Donate here.
Lauren delivered a petition to the Department of Health complete with almost 450,000 signatures, to put pressure on the Government to make this vital change – one that could save thousands of lives every year, and the NHS millions.
We all deserve an equal chance to beat this disease, regardless of where we live.
We know bowel cancer is more likely after the age of 50 – so it makes sense to screen from then.
Plus, it’s got to save the NHS money in the long-run, catching the disease before patients need serious and expensive treatments.
It’s a no brainer, thousands of lives are at stake every year.
You can still sign Lauren’s petition to show your support – click HERE to add your signature.
What should a healthy poo look like?
There are seven types of poop, according to the Bristol Stool Chart, and the type you expel depends on how long it spent in your bowel.
But your overall health also plays a role in what your poo looks like.
Based on the stool chart, types one and two indicate constipation, types three and four are the ideal poos and types five to seven indicate diarrhoea.
If your poo looks like pellets and has a lot of cracks it indicates constipation
What consistency should your poop be?
If your bowel is healthy you should be able to hold onto your poo for a short time after you realise you need the loo, you should be able to go without straining or feeling pain and you should be able to completely empty your bowel.
Anything other than that could indicate a more serious condition, like bowel cancer or irritable bowel syndrome.
The Bristol Stool Chart suggests that your numbers twos should be type two or three – like a sausage with a few cracks or like a sausage but smooth.
It is important to know what a normal poo is for you, explained registered nurse Charlotte Dawson, head of support and information at Bowel Cancer UK.
If your poo is sausage shaped with a few cracks then it’s a healthy number two
“It [a healthy poo] should be a medium brown, it should be soft but not liquid, it should be easy to expel so you aren’t straining and it shouldn’t have a lot of cracks and fissures as that indicates constipation,” she told The Sun Online.
“If you have a very hard, knobbly, cracked poo that shows that it is very dry and therefore very constipated then that’s not particularly healthy.
“Then at the other end, if it is very loose, very liquid or has mucus in it then it is an unhealthy stool.”
Constipation is often caused by not eating enough fibre, not drinking enough water, a change in diet, stress or anxiety and medication, according to the NHS.
Diarrhoea can be caused by a tummy bug, change in diet, drinking too much alcohol and medication.
For both of these conditions the symptoms should pass within a few days, but if they are persistent you should seek medical help.
Type four is also considered a healthy poo
What if you poo has never looked like that?
The consistency of your poo is very dependent on your digestive system.
You may have a slow system that makes your poo slightly hard, or your bowel might work quicker to give your looser poops.
“If you are looking at the Bristol Stool Chart then a type three or four, which is middle of the road, is considered normal – but everyone is different,” Charlotte said.
“The big point to raise is ‘what is not normal for you?’.
If your poo looks like type 6 then you have mild diarrhoea
“It may be that someone normally has a hard, constipated, pellet type poo or maybe they are always on the softer side, but if that is what is normal for them and they have been living with that for years then it is unlikely to represent something like bowel cancer.
“If they are noticing a change in their bowel habit and in their stool and they have gone from something that is soft to loose, liquid and more frequent stools, that is something to report to their doctor.”
How often should you poo?
Again, this very much comes down to what is normal for you.
If you are someone that needs to poop once a day or someone that poops twice a day there’s nothing to worry about.
You could even be someone that poops several times a day or once every few day.
The main thing to be aware off when it comes to frequency, as well as colour and consistency, is that any changes need to be check out by a doctor.
Ex England and Arsenal goalkeeper David Seaman alongside his father, Roger, open up about Roger’s battle with bowel cancer
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What Does the Shape and Color of My Poop Mean?
Like most people, I’ve pooped a lot in my lifetime. Usually things follow a fairly predictable pattern, but now and then I’ve seen unusual colors and shapes. I don’t feel bad or have any discomfort, but I’m concerned these changes might mean something. How can I figure out when I should be concerned about the shape and color of my poop?
Crapping the Rainbow
The color of your poop does mean something, but often times it has more to do with what you eat than what horrible things could be happening in your body. If you have a concern, you should always play it safe and consult your doctor or another medical professional—something none of us at Lifehacker are, by the way. For that reason, we asked Dr. Spencer Nadolsky, medical editor at Examine.com, and Dr. David Dragoo, MD, to help get to the bottom of this problem (so to speak).
What the Shape of Your Poop Can Tell You
As it turns out, there’s a chart dedicated to the shape of your poop. Dr. Nadolsky explains:
There is something called the “Bristol Stool Chart” which we use sometimes in the office when dealing with patient’s GI health (e.g. constipation). This chart gives a good idea of what the consistency and shape should be of our stools.
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What does the Bristol Stool Chart look like? Here’s one courtesy of Wikipedia (that you might want to view on an empty stomach).
You can probably identify your own poop on this chart, but what do all the types mean? Here’s a breakdown:
- Type 1 and 2: You’ve got constipation! Those little pellets or lumpy sausages you struggled to push out mean you’re having some difficulty. Constipation can become very painful if it isn’t already, and there are different solutions based on the problem. Go to your doctor and get examined. Generally they’ll just push on your stomach to see what’s up, so don’t worry—you probably won’t end up with a finger up your butt.
- Type 3 and 4: Good work! You’re in the ideal camp. Nicely formed sausage and smooth and silky snake-like poops are the ideal turds we all try to achieve. If you’ve pooping these little daily miracles, you’re doing something right.
- Type 5, 6, and 7: Blobs, fluff, and (essentially) brown “pee,” is on its way to becoming—or actually is—your old friend diarrhea. You can get diarrhea for a lot of reasons. Sometimes you just ate something that didn’t necessarily agree with your stomach. Sometimes you might be really sick. This post can’t tell you which it is, so talk to your doctor if you’re concerned.
As you can see, poops come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and consistencies. A very temporary change probably won’t mean much, but if you experience non-ideal bowel movements for more than a couple of days you should speak with your doctor.
What the Color of Your Poop Can Tell You
Much like reading rune stones, interpreting what the color of your poop actually means requires some serious interpretation. A shade of dark red could mean absolutely nothing or something very significant. Dr. Dragoo explains:
The color and consistency of your stool is one of the most important signs of you’re underlying health. Bloody stool is either the sign of hemorrhoids or possibly something more serious like cancer. Bloody stool is a particular one that you want to get checked out if you see that. Of course, on a lighter note, purple/reddish stool might just mean that you’ve eaten a lot of beets lately! Lastly, green poop is also not a good sign as it may reflect that your GI tract is having issues breaking down your bile and may warrant a trip to the doctor. Be one with your poop and use it to learn about your health and how to improve it!
Dr. Nadolsky offers a few other fun color-based observations:
Beets or red popsicles can make a red/dark red appearance, and this could obviously be concerning because blood looks similar. Iron supplements can make the stool turn very dark, but tar/black stools could mean a GI bleed as well. If you have biliary system issue your stool may lose that brown/yellow appearance and become “clay” colored.
If it isn’t obvious, pay attention to what you eat. When you see a strange color in your poop, you’ll know it doesn’t mean much if you had a beet salad in the last 40 hours. If you can’t attribute a cause, or experience pain along with your bowel movements, speak to your doctor.
A Brief Note About Rectal Mucus
Most people don’t know about a wonderful, grossly-named substance called rectal mucus—or, as I like to call it, your spinchter’s best friend. It’s a not a butt booger, but rather a good thing because it lubricates your poops. If you ever feel like you’re straining to get that turd out of your butt and things feel a little (or a lot) dry, it’s likely because you’re not producing enough rectal mucus. You wouldn’t go down a water slide without water, right? So don’t poop without rectal mucus or you’re asking your BMs to do just that.
You should never produce so much that you can actually see the stuff, but rather feel the ease of a healthy bowel movement. If you do see the presence of a lot of mucus in your stool, you may have one of a handful of problems and should consult your doctor. If you feel strained, you should consider a small adjustment in your diet. Chances are you’re not drinking enough water and/or eating enough. You can easily can more fiber with psyllium husks, but you’re always better off with fiber that occurs naturally in the foods you eat. If you don’t like the taste of water but need to drink more, take a look at these suggestions. You don’t want too much or too little water, so check out this post to make sure you’re getting the right amount.
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Overall, you can easily achieve regular good, healthy bowel movements with pretty minimal effort and not have to worry if there’s something wrong with your poop. Again—and we can’t say this enough—if you think you have a real problem you should consult your doctor. But if you just ate a beet and it looks like your anus is bleeding (I know, I’ve been there), now you’ll know you don’t have to worry so much.
P.S. Because you’re going to ask, the poop plush toy featured in this article’s photos comes from Sweden, is used to teach kids about potty training, and can be acquired here (if you’re as weird as I am).
Have a question or suggestion for a future Ask Lifehacker? Send it to [email protected].
What Do All of Those Colors Mean?
Choose an AuthorAaron Barber, AT, ATC, PESAbbie Roth, MWCAdam Ostendorf, MDAdriane Baylis, PhD, CCC-SLPAdrienne M. Flood, CPNP-ACAdvanced Healthcare Provider CouncilAila Co, MDAlaina White, AT, ATCAlana Milton, MDAlana Milton, MDAlecia Jayne, AuDAlessandra Gasior, DOAlex Kemper, MDAlexandra Funk, PharmD, DABATAlexandra Sankovic, MDAlexis Klenke, RD, LDAlice Bass, CPNP-PCAlison PeggAllie DePoyAllison Rowland, AT, ATCAllison Strouse, MS, AT, ATCAmanda E. Graf, MDAmanda Smith, RN, BSN, CPNAmanda Sonk, LMTAmanda Whitaker, MDAmber Patterson, MDAmberle Prater, PhD, LPCCAmy Coleman, LISWAmy Dunn, MDAmy E. Valasek, MD, MScAmy Fanning, PT, DPTAmy Garee, CPNP-PCAmy Hahn, PhDAmy HessAmy Leber, PhDAmy LeRoy, CCLSAmy Moffett, CPNP-PCAmy Randall-McSorley, MMC, EdD CandidateAnastasia Fischer, MD, FACSMAndala HardyAndrea Brun, CPNP-PCAndrea M. Boerger, MEd, CCC-SLPAndrew AxelsonAndrew Kroger, MD, MPHAndrew SchwadererAngela AbenaimAngela Billingslea, LISW-SAnn Pakalnis, MDAnna Lillis, MD, PhDAnnette Haban-BartzAnnie Drapeau, MDAnnie Temple, MS, CCC-SLP, CLCAnthony Audino, MDAnup D. Patel, MDAri Rabkin, PhDAriana Hoet, PhDArielle Sheftall, PhDArleen KarczewskiAshleigh Kussman, MDAshley EcksteinAshley Kroon Van DiestAshley M. Davidson, AT, ATC, MSAshley Minnick, MSAH, AT, ATCAshley Overall, FNPAshley Parikh, CPNP-PCAshley Parker MSW, LISW-SAshley Parker, LISW-SAshley Tuisku, CTRSAsuncion Mejias, MD, PhDAurelia Wood, MDBailey Young, DOBecky Corbitt, RNBelinda Mills, MDBenjamin Fields, PhD, MEdBenjamin Kopp, MDBernadette Burke, AT, ATC, MSBeth Martin, RNBeth Villanueva, OTD, OTR/LBethany Uhl, MDBethany Walker, PhDBhuvana Setty, MDBill Kulju, MS, ATBlake SkinnerBonnie Gourley, MSW, LSWBrad Childers, RRT, BSBrandi Cogdill, RN, BSN, CFRN, EMT-PBrandon MorganBreanne L. Bowers, PT, DPT, CHT, CFSTBrendan Boyle, MD, MPHBrian Boe, MDBrian K. Kaspar, PhDBrian Kellogg, MDBriana Crowe, PT, DPT, OCSBrigid Pargeon, MS, MT-BCBrittney Hardin, MOT, OTR/LBrooke Sims, LPCC, ATRCagri Toruner, MDCaitlin TullyCaleb MosleyCallista DammannCami Winkelspecht, PhDCanice Crerand, PhDCara Inglis, PsyDCarl H. Backes, MDCarlo Di Lorenzo, MDCarol Baumhardt, LMTCasey Cottrill, MD, MPHCasey TrimbleCassandra McNabb, RN-BSNCatherine Earlenbaugh, RNCatherine Sinclair, MDCatherine Trimble, NPCatrina Litzenburg, PhDCharae Keys, MSW, LISW-SCharles Elmaraghy, MDChelsie Doster, BSCheryl Boop, MS, OTR/LCheryl G. Baxter, CPNPCheryl Gariepy, MDChet Kaczor, PharmD, MBAChris Smith, RNChristina Ching, MDChristina DayChristine Johnson, MA, CCC-SLPChristine Mansfield, PT, DPT, OCS, ATCChristine PrusaChristopher Goettee, PT, DPT, OCSChristopher Iobst, MDChristopher Ouellette, MDCindy IskeClaire Kopko PT, DPT, OCS, NASM-PESCody Hostutler, PhDConnor McDanel, MSW, LSWCorey Rood, MDCorinne Syfers, CCLSCourtney Bishop. PA-CCourtney Hall, CPNP-PCCourtney Porter, RN, MSCrystal MilnerCurt Daniels, MDCynthia Holland-Hall, MD, MPHDana Lenobel, FNPDana Noffsinger, CPNP-ACDane Snyder, MDDaniel Coury, MDDaniel DaJusta, MDDaniel Herz, MDDanielle Peifer, PT, DPTDavid A Wessells, PT, MHADavid Axelson, MDDavid Stukus, MDDean Lee, MD, PhDDebbie Terry, NPDeborah Hill, LSWDeborah Zerkle, LMTDeena Chisolm, PhDDeipanjan Nandi, MD MScDenis King, MDDenise EllDennis Cunningham, MDDennis McTigue, DDSDiane LangDominique R. Williams, MD, MPH, FAAP, Dipl ABOMDonna Ruch, PhDDonna TeachDoug WolfDouglas McLaughlin, MDDrew Duerson, MDEd MinerEdward Oberle, MD, RhMSUSEdward Shepherd, MDEileen Chaves, PhDElise Berlan, MDElise DawkinsElizabeth A. Cannon, LPCCElizabeth Cipollone, LPCC-SElizabeth Zmuda, DOEllyn Hamm, MM, MT-BCEmily A. Stuart, MDEmily Decker, MDEmily GetschmanEmma Wysocki, PharmD, RDNEric Butter, PhDEric Leighton, AT, ATCEric Sribnick, MD, PhDErica Domrose, RD, LDEricca L Lovegrove, RDErika RobertsErin Gates, PT, DPTErin Johnson, M.Ed., C.S.C.S.Erin Shann, BSN, RNErin TebbenFarah W. Brink, MDGail Bagwell, DNP, APRN, CNSGail Besner, MDGail Swisher, ATGarey Noritz, MDGary A. Smith, MD, DrPHGeri Hewitt, MDGina Hounam, PhDGina McDowellGina MinotGrace Paul, MDGregory D. Pearson, MDGriffin Stout, MDGuliz Erdem, MDHailey Blosser, MA, CCC-SLPHanna MathessHeather Battles, MDHeather ClarkHeather Yardley, PhDHenry SpillerHenry Xiang, MD, MPH, PhDHerman Hundley, MS, AT, ATC, CSCSHiren Patel, MDHoma Amini, DDS, MPH, MSHoward Jacobs, MDHunter Wernick, DOIbrahim Khansa, MDIhuoma Eneli, MDIlana Moss, PhDIlene Crabtree, PTIrene Mikhail, MDIrina Buhimschi, MDIvor Hill, MDJackie Cronau, RN, CWOCNJacqueline Wynn, PhD, BCBA-DJacquelyn Doxie King, PhDJaime-Dawn Twanow, MDJames Murakami, MDJames Popp, MDJames Ruda, MDJameson Mattingly, MDJamie Macklin, MDJane AbelJanelle Huefner, MA, CCC-SLPJanice M. Moreland, CPNP-PC, DNPJanice Townsend, DDS, MSJared SylvesterJaysson EicholtzJean Hruschak, MA, CCC/SLPJeff Sydes, CSCSJeffery Auletta, MDJeffrey Bennett, MD, PhDJeffrey Hoffman, MDJeffrey Leonard, MDJen Campbell, PT, MSPTJena HeckJenn Gonya, PhDJennifer Borda, PT, DPTJennifer HofherrJennifer LockerJennifer PrinzJennifer Reese, PsyDJennifer Smith, MS, RD, CSP, LD, LMTJenny Worthington, PT, DPTJerry R. Mendell, MDJessalyn Mayer, MSOT, OTR/LJessica Bailey, PsyDJessica Bogacik, MS, MT-BCJessica Bowman, MDJessica BrockJessica Bullock, MA/CCC-SLPJessica Buschmann, RDJessica Scherr, PhDJim O’Shea OT, MOT, CHTJoan Fraser, MSW, LISW-SJohn Ackerman, PhDJohn Caballero, PT, DPT, CSCSJohn Kovalchin, MDJonathan D. Thackeray, MDJonathan Finlay, MB, ChB, FRCPJonathan M. Grischkan, MDJonathan Napolitano, MDJoshua Watson, MDJulee Eing, CRA, RT(R)Julia Colman, MOT, OTR/LJulie ApthorpeJulie Leonard, MD, MPHJulie Racine, PhDJulie Samora, MDJustin Indyk, MD, PhDKady LacyKaleigh Hague, MA, MT-BCKaleigh MatesickKamilah Twymon, LPCC-SKara Malone, MDKara Miller, OTR/LKaren Allen, MDKaren Days, MBAKaren Rachuba, RD, LD, CLCKari A. Meeks, OTKari Dubro, MS, RD, LD, CWWSKari Phang, MDKarla Vaz, MDKaryn L. Kassis, MD, MPHKasey Strothman, MDKatherine Deans, MDKatherine McCracken, MDKathleen (Katie) RoushKathryn Blocher, CPNP-PCKathryn J. Junge, RN, BSNKathryn Obrynba, MDKatie Brind’Amour, MSKatie Thomas, APRKatrina Hall, MA, CCLSKatrina Ruege, LPCC-SKatya Harfmann, MDKayla Zimpfer, PCCKelley SwopeKelli Dilver, PT, DPTKelly AbramsKelly BooneKelly HustonKelly J. Kelleher, MDKelly McNally, PhDKelly N. Day, CPNP-PCKelly Pack, LISW-SKelly Tanner,PhD, OTR/L, BCPKelly Wesolowski, PsyDKent Williams, MDKevin Bosse, PhDKevin Klingele, MDKim Bjorklund, MDKim Hammersmith, DDS, MPH, MSKimberly Bates, MDKimberly Sisto, PT, DPT, SCSKimberly Van Camp, PT, DPT, SCSKirk SabalkaKris Jatana, MD, FAAPKrista Winner, AuD, CCC-AKristen Armbrust, LISW-SKristen Cannon, MDKristen Martin, OTR/LKristi Roberts, MS MPHKristina Booth, MSN, CFNPKristina Reber, MDKyle DavisLance Governale, MDLara McKenzie, PhD, MALaura Brubaker, BSN, RNLaura DattnerLaurel Biever, LPCLauren Durinka, AuDLauren Garbacz, PhDLauren Justice, OTR/L, MOTLauren Madhoun, MS, CCC-SLPLauryn RozumLee Hlad, DPMLeena Nahata, MDLelia Emery, MT-BCLeslie Appiah, MDLinda Stoverock, DNP, RN NEA-BCLindsay Pietruszewski, PT, DPTLindsay SchwartzLindsey Vater, PsyDLisa GoldenLisa M. Humphrey, MDLogan Blankemeyer, MA, CCC-SLPLori Grisez PT, DPTLorraine Kelley-QuonLouis Bezold, MDLourdes Hill, LPCC-S Lubna Mazin, PharmDLuke Tipple, MS, CSCSLynda Wolfe, PhDLyndsey MillerLynn RosenthalLynne Ruess, MDMaggy Rule, MS, AT, ATCMahmoud Kallash, MDManmohan K Kamboj, MDMarc Levitt, MDMarc P. Michalsky, MDMarcel J. Casavant, MDMarci Johnson, LISW-SMarco Corridore, MDMargaret Bassi, OTR/LMaria HaghnazariMaria Vegh, MSN, RN, CPNMarissa Condon, BSN, RNMarissa LarouereMark E. Galantowicz, MDMark Smith, MS RT R (MR), ABMP PhysicistMarnie Wagner, MDMary Ann Abrams, MD, MPHMary Fristad, PhD, ABPPMary Kay SharrettMary Shull, MDMatthew Washam, MD, MPHMeagan Horn, MAMegan Brundrett, MDMegan Dominik, OTR/LMegan FrancisMegan Letson, MD, M.EdMeghan Cass, PT, DPTMeghan Fisher, BSN, RNMeika Eby, MDMelanie Fluellen, LPCCMelanie Luken, LISW-SMelissa and Mikael McLarenMelissa McMillen, CTRSMelissa Winterhalter, MDMeredith Merz Lind, MDMichael Flores, PhDMichael T. Brady, MDMike Patrick, MDMindy Deno, PT, DPTMitch Ellinger, CPNP-PCMolly Gardner, PhDMonica Ardura, DOMonica EllisMonique Goldschmidt, MDMotao Zhu, MD, MS, PhDMurugu Manickam, MDNancy AuerNancy Cunningham, PsyDNancy Wright, BS, RRT, RCP, AE-C Naomi Kertesz, MDNatalie Powell, LPCC-S, LICDC-CSNatalie Rose, BSN, RNNathalie Maitre, MD, PhDNationwide Children’s HospitalNationwide Children’s Hospital Behavioral Health ExpertsNeetu Bali, MD, MPHNehal Parikh, DO, MSNichole Mayer, OTR/L, MOTNicole Caldwell, MDNicole Dempster, PhDNicole Greenwood, MDNicole Parente, LSWNicole Powell, PsyD, BCBA-DNina WestNkeiruka Orajiaka, MBBSOctavio Ramilo, MDOliver Adunka, MD, FACSOlivia Stranges, CPNP-PCOlivia Thomas, MDOmar Khalid, MD, FAAP, FACCOnnalisa Nash, CPNP-PCOula KhouryPaige Duly, CTRSParker Huston, PhDPatrick C. Walz, MDPatrick Queen, BSN, RNPedro Weisleder, MDPeter Minneci, MDPeter White, PhDPitty JenningsPreeti Jaggi, MDRachael Morocco-Zanotti, DORachel D’Amico, MDRachel Schrader, CPNP-PCRachel Tyson, LSWRajan Thakkar, MDRaymond Troy, MDRebecca Fisher, PTRebecca Hicks, CCLSRebecca Lewis, AuD, CCC-ARebecca Romero ShakReggie Ash Jr.Reno Ravindran, MDRichard Kirschner, MDRichard Wood, MDRobert A. Kowatch, MD, Ph.D.Rochelle Krouse, CTRSRohan Henry, MD, MSRose Ayoob, MDRose Schroedl, PhDRosemary Martoma, MDRoss Maltz, MDRyan Ingley AT, ATCSamanta Boddapati, PhDSamantha MaloneSammy CygnorSandra C. Kim, MDSara Bentley, MT-BCSara Bode, MDSara Breidigan, MS, AT, ATCSara N. Smith, MSN, APRNSara O’Rourke, MOT, OTR/L, Clinical LeadSara Schroder, MDSarah A. Denny, MDSarah Cline, CRA, RT(R)Sarah Driesbach, CPN, APNSarah GreenbergSarah Hastie, BSN, RNC-NIC Sarah Keim, PhDSarah MyersSarah O’Brien, MDSarah SaxbeSarah Schmidt, LISW-SSarah ScottSarah TraceySarah VerLee, PhDSasigarn Bowden, MDSatya Gedela, MD, MRCP(UK)Scott Coven, DO, MPHScott Hickey, MDSean EingSean Rose, MDSeth Alpert, MDShana Moore, MA, CCC-AShannon Reinhart, LISW-SShari UncapherSharon Wrona, DNP, PNP, PMHSShawn Pitcher, BS, RD, USAWShawNaye Scott-MillerShea SmoskeSheila GilesSimon Lee, MDStacy Whiteside APRN, MS, CPNP-AC/PC, CPONStefanie Bester, MDStefanie Hirota, OTR/LStephanie Burkhardt, MPH, CCRCStephanie CannonStephanie Santoro, MDStephanie Vyrostek BSN, RNStephen Hersey, MDSteve Allen, MDSteven C. Matson, MDSteven Ciciora, MDSteven CuffSuellen Sharp, OTR/L, MOTSusan Colace, MDSusan Creary, MDSwaroop Pinto, MDTabatha BallardTabbetha GrecoTabi EvansTabitha Jones-McKnight, DOTahagod Mohamed, MDTamara MappTammi Young-Saleme, PhDTerry Barber, MDTerry Bravender, MD, MPHTerry Laurila, MS, RPhTheresa Miller, BA, RRT, RCP, AE-C, CPFTThomas Pommering, DOThomas SavageTiasha Letostak, PhDTiffanie Ryan, BCBA Tim RobinsonTimothy Cripe, MD, PhDTracey L. Sisk, RN, BSN, MHATracie Rohal RD, LD, CDETracy Mehan, MATravis Gallagher, ATTrevor MillerTyanna Snider, PsyDTyler Congrove, ATVanessa Shanks, MD, FAAPVenkata Rama Jayanthi, MDVidu Garg, MDVidya Raman, MDW. Garrett Hunt, MDWalter Samora, MDWarren D. Lo, MDWendy Anderson, MDWendy Cleveland, MA, LPCC-SWhitney McCormick, CTRSWhitney Raglin Bignall, PhDWilliam Cotton, MDWilliam J. Barson, MDWilliam Ray, PhDWilliam W. Long, MD
Poop Chart: What Your Poop Says About Your Health
Ever wondered what your poop says about your health? Use this poop chart to find out what’s up with your daily doo, plus learn how to have a better poo.
What does your poop say about your health? This may sound like a joke, but you can learn a lot about your health from your daily doo. In this post I’ll give you the full scoop on what is and isn’t a good poop, plus show you a poop chart that can help eliminate any confusion.
Has Your Doctor Ever Asked About Your Poop?
Didn’t think so.
Did your parents tell you what to look for? Nope.
But Mama Natural is going there!
What Does Healthy Poop Look Like?
There are three main things to look for:
What Your Poop Says About You Video
Healthy Poop #1. Frequency
It’s best to have at least one complete bowel movement a day. You should feel like your bowels have emptied, rather than just partially eliminated. Some people have bowel movements 2-3 times a day, because they have faster metabolisms, more robust good bacteria, or eat more food.
If you are eliminating more than 3 times a day, you are entering into the world of diarrhea (more on that below!). On the other hand, some people will say a bowel movement every couple of days is fine, but I disagree. This one of our body’s greatest ways to eliminate toxins, acids, and other stuff.
Heathy Poop #2. Form
This is important, and it isn’t talked about often. A healthy poop is well formed. Well-formed poop ensures we’ve digested and assimilated the nutrients from our food, and are eliminating acids and toxins properly. Here’s a handy poop chart called the Bristol stool chart to help you determine if you have healthy poop.
Bristol Stool Chart What Your Poop Says About Health Mama Natural
Bristol Stool Chart Type 1
Separate hard lumps, like little balls (hard to pass).
Bristol Stool Chart Type 2
Sausage-shaped, but lumpy.
Bristol Stool Chart Type 3
Like a sausage, but with cracks on its surface.
Bristol Stool Chart Type 4
Like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft.
Bristol Stool Chart Type 5
Soft blobs with clear cut edges (passed easily).
Bristol Stool Chart Type 6
Fluffy pieces with ragged edges, a mushy stool.
Bristol Stool Chart Type 7
Watery, no solid pieces. Entirely liquid.
Poop Chart Explanation: Where Should You Fall?
If you said it’s best to be No. 4 on the poop chart, you’re right! A healthy poop has a nice tubular shape. Think long bananas that don’t break apart when you flush. Good poop comes out with ease, smells more like super-ripe fruit than something terrible, and you barely need to wipe.
It’s better to be a 3 than a 5 or 6 on the poop chart…
Diarrhea is harder to control and typically stems from issues that are harder to fix. With diarrhea, you may also have a level of malabsorption going on, which means you aren’t getting the nutrients you need.
If you’re a 6 or a 7 on the poop chart…
If you find that your stool is soft, mushy, liquidy, or too frequent, there are several things you can do. First, talk to your doctor to see what he/she says and do some testing, like a comprehensive stool analysis. In the meantime, to firm up your stool:
- Consume more foods on the BRAT (Bananas, Rice, Apples/apple sauce, Toast or tea): These foods have qualities like tannins that can actually help firm up stool for better bowel movements.
- Consume a teaspoon or two of food-grade bentonite clay. This helps to bind and absorb toxins, and will often firm up loose stool.
- Take some good probiotics: This company makes the purest, most highly rated ones, but they are pricey!
- Eliminate irritants: Refrain from eating gluten, wheat, or too many grains, nuts, and seeds until your gut is healed.
If you’re a 1 or a 2 on the poop chart…
If you find your stool is too hard or infrequent, you can also talk to your doctor about testing. Consider doing a full thyroid panel. In the meantime, to soften up your stool:
Healthy Poop #3. Color
Believe it or not, color matters! A healthy poop is a nice medium- to dark-brown color. Think milk chocolate.
If you have black poop…
This could be a sign of blood in your upper GI tract.
If you have yellow poop or green poop…
This could be from fat malabsorption or liver or gallbladder stress. Drink beet kvass, Swedish bitters, or take HCL/Pepsin or other digestive enzymes to help your body break down the fat.
Remember: The color of your stool may change depending on what you eat. For example, if you eat lots of beets, your stool can take on a reddish hue. Likewise, eating tons of leafy greens may account for green poop.
What Does It Mean When Your Poop Floats?
Should poop float? This is the million dollar question, and I’ve seen mixed opinions from a whole host of healthcare professionals.
- Some say floating is better and indicates enough fiber in the diet.
- Others say it indicates fat malabsorption.
Overall, the consensus seems to be poop that sinks is better. The key is to notice which type YOU feel best on.
Want to Learn More About Healthy Poop?
See my companion post: How to have a GREAT poop.
How About You?
Where do your poops fall on the Bristol Stool Chart? Do you do anything to optimize your daily doo?
Learn the basics of think-cell :: think-cell
This chapter introduces the basic concepts for working with all think-cell elements.
- Toolbar and Items menu
- Inserting elements
- Rotating and flipping elements
- Resizing elements
- Selection of elements and components
- Formatting and Styling
3.1 Toolbar and Elements Menu
After installing think-cell, you will see the following group on the Insert tab of the PowerPoint ribbon:
In the following, we will refer to this ribbon group as think-cell toolbar. With the think-cell toolbar, you can use most of the think-cell features.
Note. We will also use the term Items button Items button in PowerPoint and Charts button in Excel.
If you click the Items button, the characters in the first two lines represent templates for process flows (see Process Flow), several useful drawing objects (see Presentation Tools), and Activity List slides (see Activity List), and other lines will be represent chart types (see Introduction to Chart Creation).
The following items are available:
In addition, there are universal connectors for linking items.(For more information, see Universal Connectors).
Finally, the More menu provides other useful tools (see the Presentation Tools section) to make PowerPoint easier to use.
3.2 Inserting Elements
Inserting elements into a presentation is the same as inserting a PowerPoint shape. To create an element on a slide, open the think-cell toolbar and click the Elements button. Then select the desired item. You may notice small arrow marks around some of the items.If you hover over these handles, you can select the rotated and inverted versions of these elements.
If you accidentally select an item, you can always follow these steps.
- Press the key Esc to cancel the paste operation.
- Click the Items button again to select a different item.
After you select an item, a rectangle appears around the mouse pointer, which indicates where the item will be inserted on the slide.When placing an element on a slide, you have two options.
- Left-click once to place the element with default width and height.
- Hold down the left mouse button and drag the pointer to create an element of a different size. The width of some elements is fixed when inserted. In this case, only the height can be changed. Anyway, you can resize the element at any time.
When you insert or resize an element, you will notice that it snaps to specific locations.
The binding is used for the following purposes.
- Snaps allow you to quickly and easily align objects. Highlighting the border of another object on a slide indicates that the float is aligned with that object.
- When resized, some elements are automatically attached and set to a predefined size. For a histogram, for example, the preferred width depends on the number of columns. If you’ve manually resized the element, you can easily restore the default width.It will be attached if you get close enough to the default when you change the width with the mouse.
As with PowerPoint, you can hold down the Alt key to move the mouse pointer without snapping.
3.3 Rotating and flipping elements
In the Items menu, small arrow labels around the pentagon / chevron and stacked, grouped, 100%, graph, waterfall, and Mekko chart symbols allow you to insert an inverted (and, if available, expanded) version of these elements.
Most elements can also be rotated after insertion using the rotation handle. Just select the element and drag the rotation handle to the desired position. Click on the rotation handle with the left mouse button and, while holding the button, drag the handle to one of the four positions highlighted in red, and then release the button.
3.4 Resize elements
When you select an item, sizing handles appear at its corners and at the center of the border lines. To resize the element, drag one of these handles.
You can also set two or more elements to have the same width or height. This also works if you add PowerPoint shapes to your selection. First, select all objects for which you want to set the same width or height (see the Multiple selection section). Then select the Equal Height or Equal Width option from the context menu of the item included in the selection. All objects will be set to the same height or width.
The height or width of all elements is set to the maximum value of the height or width of individual elements.
3.5 Selection of elements and components
Think-cell items often contain separate selectable parts, which we refer to as components. For example, a chart element is made up of segments that correspond to values in a table and can also contain labels, axes, difference arrows, connectors, and so on.
You can identify a component by the orange frame that appears when you hover over it. When you click on a component, the frame turns blue to indicate the currently selected component.In addition, a floating toolbar may appear. It contains a set of property controls that you can use to change the appearance of the component. It is recommended that you examine the inserted element to become familiar with its components and their properties.
If you right-click on a component, a context menu appears. It is used to add additional components to an element and to remove visible components.
Buttons whose functions are not available for the current selection are inactive.To open the context menu for the entire element, right-click on the background of the element.
Components always belong to their respective elements and can themselves contain other components. For example, the vertical axis of a graph is a component of the chart itself, and the axis ticks are components of the axis. Therefore, the chart context menu is used to turn the vertical axis on and off, and the axis context menu is used to show and hide tick marks.
There are several ways to remove a component.
- Left-click a component to select it and press the Delete or ← key on your keyboard.
- Right-click a component to open the think-cell context menu. Click the Remove button to remove the component from the item.
- Open the think-cell context menu that you used to add the component. Click the same button again to remove the component.
Note. You cannot remove data segments from a chart element in this way. All data segments shown are controlled by an internal table. If you delete a cell from the inner table, the corresponding data segment is removed from the chart element.
Note. Buttons that control the display of a component, such as row labels, change their state accordingly. For example, if you selected the Add Series Label option to add series labels to the chart element, the button title changes to Remove Series Label.Further, in most cases, the state of the button is shown only for adding a component.
For details on all the available components, see the following chapters on the respective items.
3.5.1 Multiple Choice
You can quickly select a range of components that are related to each other. This procedure is referred to as logical multiple selection . It works the same as in Microsoft Windows Explorer. Select the first component in the range by left-clicking it, and then holding down the Shift button and click the last component in the range.As you move the mouse while holding down the Shift key, the range of components to be selected is highlighted in orange.
To add individual components to the selection or remove them from the selection, hold down the Ctrl button while making a selection. Again, multiple choice in Microsoft Windows Explorer works the same way.
You can also use the keyboard to select the entire range. Select the component by left-clicking it and press Ctrl + A .All components that will be included in the range along with the selected component will also be highlighted.
Logical multiple selection is also useful when you need to colorize the entire data series in a chart element or change the formatting of a label range. You can also use multiple selection to paste text into multiple tags at the same time (see Inserting text into multiple tags).
3.5.2 Navigation using keyboard
In many cases, you don’t need a mouse to select other objects on a slide.Instead, you can hold down the Alt key and use the arrow keys ← , → , ↑ , and ↓ to select another object.
- When a PowerPoint shape or think-cell is selected, Alt with arrow keys allows you to select the next shape in the direction of the arrow.
- If a component of an element is selected, Alt with arrow keys allows you to select the next component of the same type in the element.
However, you can only give focus to components of one element. Use the mouse again to select a component of another element.
When you change a slide in a zoomed view (for example, at 400%), it is often difficult to move the slider and find the area to work with. If think-cell is installed, you can use the middle mouse button to slide the slide. Just hover your mouse over the slide, press the middle mouse button and move the slide to the desired position.
If your mouse has a wheel instead of the middle button, you can achieve the same effect by pressing the wheel without turning it.
Note. You probably know that PowerPoint lets you zoom in and out by using the mouse wheel while holding down the Ctrl key . With think-cell’s slide function, you can easily use scalable views to create slides.
3.6 Formatting and Styles
If you click on an item or component to select it, Floating Toolbar appears.It contains property controls that allow you to modify the external component. The floating toolbar displays only the controls that apply to the selected component.
This chapter describes several common types of controls. The following chapters provide detailed information on each of the floating toolbar property controls in the context of specific item and component types.
3.6.1 Color and fill
The color control is applied to components with a fill color and to lines in graphs.It is not available for text because the color of the text and background is always set automatically.
This list contains As an Excel cell if you have enabled the Use Excel Fill On Top option in the color scheme control (see Color scheme). To reset the fill color of a segment that you manually set, select the As Excel Cell option to use Excel cell formatting.
If you need other colors that are not available in the control, select the Other option from the drop-down list.A palette appears, allowing you to select any other color.
Note. To apply a color other than black and white, make sure the brightness slider (on the far right of the dialog box) is not set to minimum or maximum. As you move the slider up or down, you can see the color change in the colored box at the bottom of the dialog box.
think-cell adds the most recently used complementary colors to the palette for quick access.A dividing line is displayed in the list of last used colors. The colors above the divider are preserved in the presentation, so they will be available to your colleagues when they edit the presentation. The colors below the separator are only available on your computer because you used them in another presentation. Both sections can contain up to 8 colors. When using the 9th complementary color, the first color is removed from the list.
You should use the color property when highlighting specific segments or series in a chart.If you need to colorize the entire chart, use the color scheme property.
3.6.2 Color Scheme
The color scheme control applies consistent colors to all segments of the chart: the first series uses the first scheme color, the second series uses the second color, and so on. Colors are automatically updated when a series is added or removed. For more information, see Changing default colors and fonts.
If you select the Use Excel Fill Above function check box, think-cell applies the color from the Excel formatting options to the chart in PowerPoint.This is especially useful if you need to control the colors of a chart across an entire Excel data source when you have a linked chart. For example, conditional formatting allows positive values to be highlighted in green and red values in red.
If you have enabled the Use Excel Fill On Top option and the cell corresponding to the data segment does not have a fill color specified in the Excel cell formatting options, the corresponding color from the current color scheme is applied, that is, the Excel fill color is applied over the color scheme.
Note. Using Excel cell formatting to set the fill color of a segment is not available if you are using conditional formatting rules in Excel that contain functions or references to other cells.
3.6.3 Sorting segments
The segment sort control applies a specific order to the segments of the chart. The default setting Segments in sheet order sorts the segments in the same way as they are ordered in the table.If you select Segments in reverse sheet order, the last row in the table appears at the top of the chart, and the first row at the bottom of the chart.
think-cell can also sort segments by category based on their value. Descending Segments – This option sorts all categories so that the largest segment of each category is on the baseline and the other segments are sorted in descending order. The Ascending Segments option displays the segment with the lowest numerical value on the baseline.After sorting, the segments of the same data series with the same color will be placed in different positions in different categories.
3.6.4 Sorting categories
The category sort control applies a specific order to the categories in the chart. The default Categories by Sheet Order sorts the categories in the same way they are ordered in the table. Categories Descending by Extent Y displays the category with the highest sum of values first, and then sorts the data in descending order.Categories in Ascending Extent Y displays the category with the lowest sum of values first, and then sorts the data in ascending order.
3.6.5 Diagram type
The chart type control changes the chart type to display the same data. You can switch between stacked, grouped, area, and graph. To switch to a 100% chart, select the% axis type (see Changing the Value Axis Type).
3.6.6 Line type
The linetype control applies to bar, bar, and pie segment outlines, base elements, op-list chapters, graph lines, chart baseline, and value lines (see:(See Value Line). You can also change the appearance of the connector using the linetype control. In addition, you can use the linetype control to specify the outline of the plot area in all charts.
3.6.7 Structure colors
You can change the color of the outline with this control. It applies to bar, bar, and pie chart segments, as well as base items and chapters of an action list.
3.6.8 Line diagram
The line schema control determines the appearance of lines on graphs. Supported line schemes apply consistent types and colors to all lines in the chart. You can also select line schemes that highlight data points along with lines with markers.
3.6.9 Label shape
The marker shape control can be used to add or change markers for data points in graphs and scatter charts. Note that the marker outline control should be used in place of marker shapes to add consistent markers to all data points in a scatter plot.
3.6.10 Tag scheme
The marker schema control applies consistent markers to all data points in a scatter chart. Markers are automatically updated as you add and remove data points, groups, and series. Use the marker outline control instead of the marker shape control when adding consistent markers to an entire scatter chart.
3.6.11 Change default colors and fonts
think-cell can use PowerPoint diagram colors for many elements and components (for example, axes, text, arrows, etc.)etc.). These colors and font definitions always match the default presentation file colors and fonts. If the defaults are correct, think-cell will use them if you decide to change the color scheme.
To change the default font settings, simply change the presentation slide master.
- Select View on Ribbon.
- In the Master Modes group, click Slide Master.
- Select a slide master from the left pane, which displays the slide master and various indented layouts.Note that the layout type of the current slide is selected when you open the Slide Master View, so you need to scroll up the screen and select the Slide Master without indentation.
- Change the body text placeholder fonts to match your corporate design.
To change the default color options, simply change the presentation color scheme: go to the color scheme options and choose colors to match your corporate design.
For Office 2010:
- On the ribbon, go to Design View.
- In the Themes group, click Colors.
- From the drop-down list, select Create New Theme Colors …
For Office 2013 and later:
- On the ribbon, go to Design View.
- In the Variants group, click the down arrow button at the bottom right.
- From the drop-down list, select Colors and then Customize Colors…
In general, it is recommended to save the standard colors in a PowerPoint template file (* .potx) and build all new presentations on this template. See PowerPoint Help for the related procedure.
If you cannot change the template as described here, you can also specify the default think-cell style font colors as described in Customizing think-cell. Specific settings for font colors are described in the section Setting text properties. It is preferable to adjust the default font settings in your PowerPoint template, and the think-cell style should be used as a last resort for this purpose.
how to choose the right chart or graph for the annual report
The target audience of your presentation or report – investors, management and just people – expect to receive not a bunch of numbers, but already formulated conclusions or clearly placed accents. It becomes necessary to draw the attention of the audience to factors and circumstances, to show plans and strategy.
Graphic display of information helps to convey the desired idea, to support the formulated conclusion or to emphasize the emphasis
But there is one problem – the perception of positive and negative results.At the same time, different audiences have different attitudes even towards positive ones. For example, journalists may be skeptical about achievements. Shareholders tend to react painfully to losses. And here a subtle, thoughtful approach is needed.
Failures and negativity can be very boring and tedious to tell, and an interesting and cheerful story about successes can be backed up with a visual demonstration, including a presentation with impressive graphs. At the same time, a correctly chosen chart can radically change the perception of information: if you simply show how the company’s income grew over the year, it will not be as impressive as if the dynamics of your competitor’s subsidence is shown next to it.
One of the challenges that slows down reporting and analytical work significantly is finding the right chart type. Choosing it incorrectly can cause confusion in the minds of viewers or lead to misinterpretation of the data.
Let’s take a look at an infographic about world oil production.
Top Lead infographic for Baker Tilly. View in full size.
Everything is here – and production volumes, exports, forecasts, demand, consumers and tons of information.This infographic contains, in fact, a huge amount of data for an entire industry. However, it is easy to understand and certain trends are clearly visible on the graph.
To create a chart that explains and demonstrates accurate analytics, you first need to understand the reasons why you might need it at all. In this article, we will look at five questions that arise when choosing a chart type. Then we will give an overview of 13 different types of charts, from which you can choose the most suitable one.
5 questions to ask yourself when choosing a chart
1. Do you need to compare values?
Graphs are ideal for comparing one or more sets of values and can easily display the lowest and highest readings.
Use the following types to create a comparison chart: bar, pie, scatter, scale with values.
2. Do you want to show the structure of something?
For example, you want to talk about the types of mobile devices that site visitors use or the total sales by segment.
Use the following charts to show the structure: Pie, Stacked Bar, Vertical Stack, Area, Waterfall.
3. Do you want to understand how the data is distributed?
Breakdown tables help you understand major trends and point out what is outside the box.
Use these charts: scatter chart, line chart, bar chart.
4. Are you interested in analyzing trends in a particular dataset?
If you want to know more about how numbers behave over a specific time period, there are chart types that represent this very well.
Useful for you: line chart, double axis (bar and line), bar chart.
5. Want to better understand the relationship between the set values?
Relationship plots are suitable for showing how one variable relates to another or several different variables. This can be used to show a positive, negative, or zero effect on another digit.
Use the following charts for this: scatter chart, bubble chart, line chart.
13 different chart types for analyzing and presenting data
To better understand each chart and its uses, we will look at all chart types.
The bar chart is used to show comparisons between different items, it can also compare items over a period of time. This format can be used to track the dynamics of conversions to the landing page or the number of customers over a certain period.
Top Lead Infographic for AEQUO Law Firm
Design Guidelines for Column Charts
1. Choose a consistent color scheme and accentuate the places that you want to highlight as significant turning points or changes over time …
2. Use horizontal labels to improve readability.
3. Start the y-axis at 0 to correctly plot the values on the graph.
Horizontal bar chart
A bar chart — mostly horizontal bar — should be used to avoid confusion when one data bar is too long or when comparing more than 10 items. This option can also be used to render negative values.
Top Lead infographic for Aggeek online edition. View in full size.
Design guidelines for bar charts
1.Choose a consistent color scheme and accent color places that you want to highlight as significant breakpoints or changes over time.
2. Use horizontal labels to improve readability.
3. Start the Y-axis at 0 to correctly plot the values on the graph.
A Line Chart displays trends or progress and can be used to visualize a wide variety of data categories. It should be used when you are creating a graph based on long-term data collection.
Top Lead Infographic. Line chart – bottom.
Design guidelines for line charts
1. Use solid lines.
2. Draw no more than four lines to avoid visual distractions.
3. Use the correct height so that the lines occupy about 2/3 of the Y-axis height.
A dual-axis chart allows you to plot data using two axes, X and Y.Several datasets are used, one of which, for example, is data for a period, and the other is better suited for grouping into categories. Thus, you can demonstrate the correlation or lack thereof between different indicators.
Top Lead Infographic for Growth Up. The double axis diagram is at the top.
Design Guidelines for Dual Axis Charts
1. Use the left Y axis for the primary variable because it is natural for people to look left first.
2. Use different plot styles to illustrate the two datasets.
3. Choose contrasting colors for the datasets to be compared.
The area chart generally looks like a line chart, but the space between the X-axis and the graph line is filled with color or pattern. This option is suitable for demonstrating the relationship between parts of a whole, for example, the contribution of individual sales representatives to the total sales for the year.This will help to analyze both the whole picture as a whole and information about trends in individual areas.
Top Lead infographic for Baker Tilly. From top to bottom: pie chart, two area charts, pie charts.
Design Guidelines for Area Plots
1. Use semi-transparent colors.
2. Use up to four categories to avoid confusion.
3.Organize data with a high frequency of volatility at the top of the chart to make it easier to perceive dynamic changes.
This can be used to compare many different items. For example, the frequency of visiting several sites and each page separately.
Infographics and layout – Top Lead. For Naftogaz Ukraine. The stacking chart is at the bottom left. View in full size.
Design Guidelines for Stacking Charts
1. It is best used to illustrate part-whole relationships. Choose contrasting colors for greater clarity.
2. Scale the diagram large enough to see the sizes of the groups in relation to each other.
A pie chart displays a static number and how the parts add up to a whole – the composition of something.A pie chart shows numbers as percentages, and the sum of all segments should be 100%.
Infographics and layout – Top Lead. For Naftogaz Ukraine. View in full size.
Design Guidelines for Pie Charts
1. Don’t add too many categories to make the difference between slices clear.
2. Make sure that the sum of all parts is 100%.
3.You need to arrange the pieces according to their size.
Top Lead infographic for Baker Tilly. View in full size.
Waterfall Chart is used to demonstrate how intermediate values - positive and negative – affect the initial value and lead to the final result. An example would be visualization of how the total revenue of a company depends on different departments and turns into a specific amount of profit.
Infographics and layout – Top Lead. Annual report “Naftogaz Ukraine”. Waterfall diagram in the upper half of the layout. View in full size.
Design Guidelines for Waterfall Charts
1. Use contrasting colors to highlight differences in datasets.
2. Choose warm colors for growth and cool colors for fall.
A funnel chart displays the sequence of stages and the rate at which each stage is completed.It can be used to track the sales process or user interaction with the site.
Top Lead Infographic.
Design Guidelines for Funnel Charts
1. Scale the size of each section to accurately represent the size of the dataset.
2. Use contrasting colors or shades of the same color from darkest to lightest as the funnel narrows.
There are several other types of graphs – they are not used very often, but they can also be useful for visualizing large amounts of data.Among them:
A scatter plot shows the relationship between two different variables or shows distributional trends. It is suitable if you have many different point data and want to find commonality in the dataset. Such visualization works well in finding exceptions or data distribution patterns.
Design Guidelines for Scatter Charts
1. Include more variables such as different sizes to combine more data.
2. Start the Y-axis at 0 for an accurate distribution of the data.
3. If you are using trend lines, you must limit yourself to a maximum of two so that the graph is clear.
A Bubble Chart is similar to a scatter plot. But only in the sense that it can show distribution and interconnection. There is a third set of data, which is denoted by the size of the circle.
Design Guidelines for Bubble Charts
1.Grade the bubbles based on the area they occupy, not the diameter.
2. Make sure the marks are clear and visible.
3. Use only circles.
Scale with values
This graph shows the progress towards the goal, compares it according to different criteria and displays the result as rating or performance.
Design guidelines for scale with values
1. Use contrasting colors to show dynamics.
2. Use the same color in different shades to measure progress.
A heat map shows the relationship between two elements and provides rating information. Rating information is displayed using different colors or different saturations.
Design Guidelines for a Heat Map
1. Use a basic and clear map outline to avoid distracting viewers from the data.
2. Use different shades of the same color to show changes.
3. Avoid using multiple templates.
There can be a huge number of design options.
To learn more about the preparation of non-financial reports and listen to case studies from companies such as Coca-Cola, Kernel, Nova Poshta, 1 + 1 Media, Infopulse and others, register for our online conference Corporate Reporting Conference 2020. Click on the banner to find out details, and buy tickets directly on Facebook:
Fecal color – what does it depend on and what does it talk about?
What do you think the color of feces can depend on? It is quite possible that you have a question, but are poop ever colored? They seem to have only one color – brown.But is it really so? But no. Your feces can change their color, and the palette is wide enough from green to red. And what could it be connected with? Perhaps you ate something the day before? Maybe you are right. Or maybe your body wants to tell you something by changing the color of the poop? So let’s try to figure it out with this and what does the change in the color of feces mean and what is it connected with.
What color is normal turd?
Healthy stool should be brown or golden brown in color.Stercobilin gives brown color to our feces, it is he who is the coloring pigment of poop.
In simple words – stercobelin is a bile pigment that is obtained as a result of heme metabolism. And heme, in turn, is a group of proteins, during the breakdown of which bilirubin is formed in cells. Then, in the liver, intestines and kidneys, further decomposition of bilirubin into simpler components occurs, some of which are stercobilin and urobilin.These components are contained in feces and urine, respectively, and give them color.
Since several organs are involved in the formation of feces color at once – this is the gallbladder, pancreas and liver, a clear change in the shade of the poop may indicate a malfunction in one of these organs.
But at the same time, it is worth noting that food can also affect the color of feces. If the color of the stool suddenly turns red sharply, it can shock you.At the same time, this does not mean that you have problems in the body. Foods such as beets or tomatoes can cause dramatic color changes. Also, if your diet is dominated by vegetables such as spinach, parsley, green beans and some others that are chlorophyll-rich, the color of the poop can take on a greenish tint.
If the deviation of the color of the stool from the norm is an isolated case and this may be due to food, then there is no reason for concern. But if your shit has changed color, the smell has become sharper and more unpleasant, and this continues for some time, and you also begin to notice other changes in your body, then in such a situation it is better to make an appointment with a doctor as soon as possible.You should not guess and self-medicate, this will not lead to anything good.
What other colors of feces can be?
Brown, reddish and greenish are just a few of the colors your shit can take. Therefore, it’s time to find out about the other shades, as well as figure out what secrets this or that color of feces keeps.
Changing the color of poop to black may indicate several scenarios at once.Eating foods rich in iron, as well as activated charcoal, can cause such changes. Blueberries, olives, beets, black grapes, red wine – all of these foods can turn your faeces black. It is worth noting that black poop does not have a fetid odor.
There is a second option – bleeding of the esophagus, stomach or duodenum. As a result of the digestion of blood, the feces acquire a black color, this is all accompanied by a fetid and nauseating odor.
The third variant of the appearance of black stools is constipation. This color assumes a turd due to a longer stay in the intestine.
Gray feces can be caused by a predominance of light cereals, rice or potatoes in your diet. But at the same time, this indicates a lack of coloring pigment. Its deficiency indicates an insufficient flow of bile into the intestines, which indicates problems with the gallbladder or liver. One of the signs of blockage of bile flows is a change in the color of urine to dark yellow or brown, as well as yellowing of the eyes, skin, itching and recurrent pain.
Causes of green feces
There are many factors that can cause the poop to turn green. As mentioned above, one of the reasons may be the consumption of large amounts of vegetables containing a lot of chlorophyll – a green pigment. At the same time, various kinds of problems in your body can provoke such a color. If this is caused by any disease, then the poop acquires not only a strange color, but also an unpleasant smell.Of course all the poop smells bad, but you will notice a clear odor rejection.
Now let’s look at the main reasons why green feces can occur:
- If a change in the color of shit is accompanied by a putrid smell, then it is quite possible that this may be a sign of damage to the small intestine, including dysbiosis.
- If mucus and pus are present in your feces, then a change in the color of the poop to green could provoke dead white blood cells, which are a sign of acute intestinal inflammation.
- Presence of bleeding in the distal intestine may cause green stool.
- Peptic ulcer disease or its complication can manifest itself in a change in the color of feces, usually accompanied by signs of anemia.
- If the stool has changed color, and also contains streaks of blood, then this is one of the vivid examples of signs of dysentery and intestinal infections. In some cases, there may be pus and mucus.
- Liver problems can also cause shit to turn green.In this case, the feces stains biliverdin, which is the precursor of bilirubin. It is caused by the massive breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. Due to the large amount of these substances, they do not have time to go through the full metabolic process before the final breakdown into simpler components such as stercobilin and stain the feces.
- Green feces can also cause antibiotics.
A change in the color of poop to orange primarily indicates the use of large quantities of foods that are rich in beta-carotene.The main ones are sweet potatoes, carrots, pumpkins, apricots, mangoes and many others. An orange color can also be provoked by drugs based on rifampicin.
If your stool is yellow, then this indicates the presence of fat in it. It can be caused by a disease of the pancreas and insufficient absorption and breakdown of fats. A change in the color of feces to yellow is accompanied by a strong and unpleasant odor.
Red color of feces
One of the main signs of red feces is the presence of bleeding in the lower intestines.If your stool has streaks of bright red blood that surround it and do not mix with it, then this indicates damage in the anal area. This is also confirmed by the presence of blood on the toilet paper. These symptoms cause: hemorrhoids, anal fissures, including a possible malignant tumor in the intestine. If the bleeding is at the level of the large intestine, then the blood becomes dark and mixes with the feces. This reaction can be triggered by polyps, cancer, diverticulum, and inflammatory vascular disease.
Now you know that poop can come in many colors and shades. Sometimes this is due to food or additives that color the stool. But at the same time, it can be a wake-up call that informs us that something is wrong in the body. The material in this article is presented for informational purposes only, and we recommend that you do not self-medicate and do not diagnose yourself based on data obtained from the Internet.If you notice changes in your body and this is accompanied by a change in the color of feces, we strongly recommend that you consult a doctor. Doctors know better what to do, and even they conduct a series of studies to identify the causes of color change. Our body is a single whole – a system in which all organs are interconnected. And if a symptom can indicate a disease of any particular organ, this does not mean that the problem is in it. Perhaps something else affects its unstable work.In any case, they will identify the true cause and refer you to the right specialist for treatment.
This concludes our broadcast. We wish you good health, good healthy stool and competent doctors. Relief!
90,000 WHAT DOES BABY COLORS MEAN? CHART AND MANUAL – MEDICAL
Infant feces change color and consistency during the first few days, weeks and months of life, and a wide range of colors is normal.Here’s how to recognize an unhealthy baby
Infant feces change color and consistency during the first few days, weeks and months of life, and a wide range of colors is normal. Here’s how to recognize unhealthy baby poop and what changes to expect as your baby grows.
In infants, age, diet and health conditions are the main causes of stool discoloration.Feces of newborns are almost black, in older babies they are yellow or brown.
Breastfeeding and bottle feeding can also affect the color of your baby’s stool.
Red or white poop may indicate a health problem. Otherwise, a wide color gamut should be expected. Anyone who suspects a child has diarrhea or constipation should see a doctor.
Colors and causes of poop
Various factors can cause a child’s stool to change color.Common colors and their causes include:
In infants less than 1 week old, black is a healthy stool color. However, after this time, it may indicate health problems.
During the first 24 hours of life, the newborn excretes meconium. This is a thick black stool. It consists of cells, amniotic fluid, bile and mucus that enter the uterus. Meconium is sterile, so it is usually odorless.
During the first few days of life, the newborn continues to excrete meconium.The color should gradually change from black to dark green and then to yellow.
After 1 week of life, the stool should no longer be black. If the black color persists, see your doctor. This could mean bleeding in the digestive system.
This is the normal color of an infant’s feces. Their poop tends to be dark yellow
and may have small spots.
These spots appear from breast milk and are harmless.Feces from infants are often referred to as “frayed”. The so-called seeds may look like curd in curd, but they are yellow.
Brown or orange
This is the normal color of the feces of a formula fed baby.
When a baby drinks formula milk, his feces turn light brown or orange. It may be slightly darker and denser than breastfeeding stools.
Many babies occasionally develop green food.Some possible causes include:
- slow digestion, usually because the baby has eaten more than usual
- green foods in the breastfeeding mother’s diet
- colds or stomach
- food allergies or intolerances
- antibiotics in the baby or breastfeeding mothers
- treating jaundice
Some babies have slightly green feces. If a child is gaining weight and seems happy, green foods should not necessarily be a cause for concern.
Find out more about green faeces in children here.
This is not a healthy faeces color.
The food is usually red because it contains blood. Get medical attention.
The child may have health problems or have swallowed small amounts of blood. This could happen if the nursing mother had cracked or bleeding nipples. Another cause of red poop is bleeding from the baby’s buttocks.
This is not a healthy stool color.
White feces are uncommon and may indicate a liver problem.
For example, jaundice is very common in newborns, affecting up to 80% of these babies in the first few days of their life. It usually goes away within the first 2 weeks.
Anyone who suspects their child has jaundice after 14 days should check the color of the faeces. Pale or white feces may indicate liver disease. Another sign to look out for is yellow urine.
If your child has white or pale stools, the doctor may check their bilirubin levels. Bilirubin is a compound that helps the body get rid of waste products. There are two types of bilirubin, and if the level of one type is too high, it can cause health problems.
Baby faeces can also have different textures and other characteristics. Before a baby starts eating solid food, his feces are usually very soft.
Breastfed babies may have rather loose or stringy stools, while formula-fed babies tend to have more solid but not solid foods.
Mucus in a child’s stool is also common and rarely a sign of any health problem. However, if the child shows other signs of unusual behavior or illness, see a doctor. Find out more about mucus in baby feces here.
Dry or hard faeces may indicate that the child is not drinking enough fluids or is sick.
After an infant starts eating solid foods, hard feces can also be a sign of constipation. Babies often develop constipation when they eat foods that their bodies cannot yet digest properly.Learn more about constipation in babies.
Very watery stools may be due to diarrhea. A child with diarrhea may poop more often than usual or have a high fever. Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which is potentially dangerous for babies.
Every child is different, and some poop more often than others. Many newborns defecate after each feed, although stools become less frequent by 6 weeks of age. Breastfed babies can only pump once a week.The normal frequency of infant formula feeding is once a day.
When to see a doctor
As a child grows, his poop often changes color. For example, when a baby starts eating solid foods, what he eats can affect the color of his feces. Undigested food in the stool can also cause discoloration.
Unusual colors such as green may not indicate a health problem. The color of the stool may change for a short time and then return to its usual shade.
Exceptions are white, red or black – each of these colors can indicate a health problem.
In addition, if there is a lot of mucus or it constantly appears in the stool, this can signal illness.
Contact your doctor for any infant health issues.
Healthy infant food
Expect newborns to poop frequently, sometimes after each feed. Babies over 3 weeks old can pump two to three times a day to once a week.
Healthy faeces can be yellow, orange, brown or green in color, and the texture can be thin or rather dense. It shouldn’t be hard or watery.
Babies often tense a little during bowel movements and may make sounds or frown. This is fine. However, too much tension or discomfort while pooping can be a sign of constipation.
Poop color can be one way to monitor your baby’s health.
Fairly soft, earthy stools are generally healthy. However, red or white stool often signals a health problem that needs attention, as does black stool in babies over 1 week old.
In general, as long as the infant gains weight and feeds him as often as he needs, a wide range of faecal colors is healthy.
90,000 Table of diaper sizes required for all ages
- Disposable Diapers
- Cloth Diapers
- Take Out
Poop.Before you became a parent, you probably never thought that your days would be so engrossed in this topic (let’s dare you remember the day after your baby was born that you didn’t talk about it …).
How many diapers do you need? What size diapers should your child wear? Does your baby wear a normal number of diapers a day?
These are just a few of the questions every parent asks, and to make your life easier, we’ve put together the answers you want in a diagram!
Diaper size table for disposable diapers
Note.This table is for general overview. If you have a specific brand that you prefer, you should check their specific sizing guidelines for the most accurate fit.
Cloth diaper diaper size
While disposable diaper manufacturers adhere to a uniform size, cloth and hybrid diapers do not.
Many brands of fabric may use the terms small, medium, and large, but actual size and estimated age can vary greatly.Therefore, it is very important to follow their specific measurement and weight rules!
It is important to note that there are also many different types of cloth diapers. Some are specially designed for different ages and stages, but there are also versatile cloth diapers. They are designed to grow with your child and match them at different stages.
While all-purpose cloth diapers are attractive to purchase, they may not fit your baby at every stage.Chances are, at some point you will need to buy diapers of a certain size.
Many factors can affect the number of cloth diapers you have. For example, you might want to consider:
- your child’s age and growth characteristics;
- How often do you plan to wash cloth diapers;
- amount of storage space
Typically you need to have cloth diapers for 2-3 days, which for most newborns means 24 to 40! (This number should decrease as they get a little older and use fewer diapers per day!)
Other diaper tips
Check the fit
When you change your baby’s diaper, check if it fits too well by red marks in the places where the elastic is fastened.You should also make sure that it is not too large, which could lead to leakage.
The top of the diaper should fit right under the navel, completely cover your baby’s bottom, and when fastened, the buttonholes. should not overlap or cause redness around the waist.
Check the cuffs
When using disposable diapers, make sure the cuffs around the leg openings are open and not tucked in. the cuffs may leak down the leg.
Use swimming diapers
Normal disposable diapers are not designed to be worn while swimming.When immersed in water, these diapers become sick with water, resulting in an inability to absorb extra liquid and fall off your baby under the weight of the water.
For the health and safety of other swimmers (and to avoid awkward situations), make sure your baby is wearing a swimming diaper in a pool, lake or ocean.
Consider using diaper pads
Although many diaper brands do not start offering diapers up to size 3, you can purchase diaper pads at night to fit into your baby’s diaper if he sleeps for a long time and urinates through the diaper before how to wake up and not yet ready for size 3.
This way you don’t have to choose between an equally awful choice: wake up a sleeping baby to change a diaper, or wash your stacks. pajamas and bedding soaked in urine!
You may want to start with a small number of diapers. When you get a feel for how quickly your baby is growing and using diapers, you can better determine how many diapers of a certain size you will need.
If your baby has a penis, make sure it is pointing down into the new diaper when you fasten it.This will help prevent urine from leaking out of the diaper. Pro tip: You probably want to cover your penis when changing diapers too!
Plan your newborn period
Some people prefer to use disposable newborn diapers because of the extra work of cleaning cloth diapers so often. However, for some newborns, cloth diapers are better suited. Since they can more accurately adjust to the feet, this can mean fewer leaks and wet clothing.
Consider the environment
Normal disposable diapers are not biodegradable as they contain certain plastic and synthetic fibers. If you choose to use special compostable diapers, you can’t just add them to your regular compost pile! Be sure to follow the recycling instructions.
Donate extra diapers
If you think you will have another baby, hold on to the extra diapers.Disposable diapers (open and unopened) have no expiration date. However, manufacturers recommend using diapers within 2 years from the date of purchase, as color, absorption and elasticity can deteriorate over time.
Otherwise, it would be great to donate any excess diapers to a friend, church, food bank, kindergarten or other non-profit organization that accepts diaper donations, rather than throwing them in a landfill.
Calculating how many diapers your baby needs may seem like an insoluble mathematical question! Averages can give you a great starting point, but it’s important to remember that every child and situation is unique.
The tools you have on hand to buy diapers, storage space for diapers, your baby’s growth rate and the actual number of diapers they use can all play a role in how many diapers you should have. at hand.
It is best to closely monitor your child’s behavior to know exactly how many diapers you will need in the future.