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Dill uses and benefits: Uses, Side Effects, Dose, Health Benefits, Precautions & Warnings


Uses, Side Effects, Dose, Health Benefits, Precautions & Warnings

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Bonnlander, B. and Winterhalter, P. 9-Hydroxypiperitone beta-D-glucopyranoside and other polar constituents from dill (Anethum graveolens L.) herb. J Agric.Food Chem. 2000;48(10):4821-4825. View abstract.

Buch, J. G., Dikshit, R. K., and Mansuri, S. M. Effect of certain volatile oils on ejaculated human spermatozoa. Indian J Med Res 1988;87:361-363. View abstract.

Cankur, O., Yathavakilla, S. K., and Caruso, J. A. Selenium speciation in dill (Anethum graveolens L.) by ion pairing reversed phase and cation exchange HPLC with ICP-MS detection. Talanta 11-15-2006;70(4):784-790. View abstract.

Cenizo, V., Andre, V., Reymermier, C., Sommer, P., Damour, O., and Perrier, E. LOXL as a target to increase the elastin content in adult skin: a dill extract induces the LOXL gene expression. Exp.Dermatol. 2006;15(8):574-581. View abstract.

Chaubey, M. K. Fumigant toxicity of essential oils from some common spices against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). J Oleo.Sci 2008;57(3):171-179. View abstract.

Chiu, A. M. and Zacharisen, M. C. Anaphylaxis to dill. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2000;84(5):559-560. View abstract.

de Sousa, D. P., Farias Nobrega, F. F., and de Almeida, R. N. Influence of the chirality of (R)-(-)- and (S)-(+)-carvone in the central nervous system: a comparative study. Chirality 5-5-2007;19(4):264-268. View abstract.

Delaquis, P. J., Stanich, K., Girard, B., and Mazza, G. Antimicrobial activity of individual and mixed fractions of dill, cilantro, coriander and eucalyptus essential oils. Int.J Food Microbiol. 3-25-2002;74(1-2):101-109. View abstract.

Egan, C. L. and Sterling, G. Phytophotodermatitis: a visit to Margaritaville. Cutis 1993;51(1):41-42. View abstract.

Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D. A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. J Food Prot. 2001;64(7):1019-1024. View abstract.

Faria, J. M., Nunes, I. S., Figueiredo, A. C., Pedro, L. G., Trindade, H., and Barroso, J. G. Biotransformation of menthol and geraniol by hairy root cultures of Anethum graveolens: effect on growth and volatile components. Biotechnol.Lett. 2009;31(6):897-903. View abstract.

Fatope, M Marwah R Onifade A Ochei J Al Mahroqi Y. C NMR Analysis and Antifungal and Insecticidal Activities of Oman Dill Herb Oil. Pharmaceutical Biology 2006;44(1):44-49.

Fischer, F. C. and Gijbels, M. J. cis- and trans-Neocnidilide; 1H- and 13C-NMR Data of Some Phthalides. Planta Med 1987;53(1):77-80. View abstract.

Freeman, G. L. Allergy to fresh dill. Allergy 1999;54(5):531-532. View abstract.

Fukuoka, M., Yoshihira, K., Natori, S., Sakamoto, K., Iwahara, S., Hosaka, S., and Hirono, I. Characterization of mutagenic principles and carcinogenicity of dill weed and seeds. J Pharmacobiodyn. 1980;3(5):236-244. View abstract.

Gao, Y. Y., Di Pascuale, M. A., Li, W., Baradaran-Rafii, A., Elizondo, A., Kuo, C. L., Raju, V. K., and Tseng, S. C. In vitro and in vivo killing of ocular Demodex by tea tree oil. Br J Ophthalmol. 2005;89(11):1468-1473. View abstract.

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Glowniak, K. and Doraczynska, A. [An investigation of benzine extract obtained from dill fruits (Anethum graveolens L.)]. Ann.Univ Mariae.Curie Sklodowska Med. 1982;37:251-257. View abstract.

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Gruncharov, V. and Tashev, T. [The choleretic effect of Bulgarian dill oil in white rats]. Eksp.Med.Morfol. 1973;12(3):155-161. View abstract.

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Hosseinzadeh, H., Karimi, G. R., and Ameri, M. Effects of Anethum graveolens L. seed extracts on experimental gastric irritation models in mice. BMC.Pharmacol. 12-19-2002;2:21. View abstract.

Hussein, K. T. Evaluation of the efficacy of dill apiol and pyriproxyfen in the treatment and control of Xenopsylla cheopis flea Roths (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). J Egypt.Soc.Parasitol. 2005;35(3):1027-1036. View abstract.

Ibrahim, Y. K. and Ogunmodede, M. S. Growth and survival of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in some aromatic waters. Pharm Acta Helv. 1991;66(9-10):286-288. View abstract.

Ishikawa, T., Kudo, M., and Kitajima, J. Water-soluble constituents of dill. Chem.Pharm Bull.(Tokyo) 2002;50(4):501-507. View abstract.

Jirovetz, L., Buchbauer, G., Stoyanova, A. S., Georgiev, E. V., and Damianova, S. T. Composition, quality control, and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of long-time stored dill (Anethum graveolens L.) seeds from Bulgaria. J Agric.Food Chem. 6-18-2003;51(13):3854-3857. View abstract.

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Khalaf, A. F. Toxicological efficacy of some indigenous dill compounds against the flesh fly, Parasarcophaga dux Thomson. J Egypt.Soc.Parasitol. 2004;34(1):227-237. View abstract.

Kojuri, J., Vosoughi, A. R., and Akrami, M. Effects of anethum graveolens and garlic on lipid profile in hyperlipidemic patients. Lipids Health Dis. 2007;6:5. View abstract.

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Kowalska-Pylka, H., Kot, A., Wiercinski, J., Kursa, K., Walkuska, G., and Cybulski, W. [Lead, cadmium, copper and zinc content in vegetables, gooseberry fruit and soil from gardening plots of Lublin]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 1995;46(1):3-12. View abstract.

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Lazutka, J. R., Mierauskiene, J., Slapsyte, G., and Dedonyte, V. Genotoxicity of dill (Anethum graveolens L.), peppermint (Menthaxpiperita L.) and pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) essential oils in human lymphocytes and Drosophila melanogaster. Food Chem Toxicol. 2001;39(5):485-492. View abstract.

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Lis-Balchin, M. and Hart, S. A preliminary study of the effect of essential oils on skeletal and smooth muscle in vitro. J Ethnopharmacol 1997;58(3):183-187. View abstract.

Lopez, P., Sanchez, C., Batlle, R., and Nerin, C. Solid- and vapor-phase antimicrobial activities of six essential oils: susceptibility of selected foodborne bacterial and fungal strains. J Agric.Food Chem 8-24-2005;53(17):6939-6946. View abstract.

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Mazyad, S. A., El Serougi, A. O., and Morsy, T. A. The efficacy of the volatile oils of three plants for controlling Lucilia sericata. J Egypt.Soc.Parasitol. 1999;29(1):91-100. View abstract.

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Monteseirin, J., Perez-Formoso, J. L., Hernandez, M., Sanchez-Hernandez, M. C., Camacho, M. J., Bonilla, I., Chaparro, A., and Conde, J. Contact urticaria from dill. Contact Dermatitis 2003;48(5):275. View abstract.

Monteseirin, J., Perez-Formoso, J. L., Sanchez-Hernandez, M. C., Hernandez, M., Camacho, M. J., Bonilla, I., Guardia, P., and Conde, J. Occupational contact dermatitis to dill. Allergy 2002;57(9):866-867. View abstract.

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Nakano, Y., Matsunaga, H., Saita, T., Mori, M., Katano, M., and Okabe, H. Antiproliferative constituents in Umbelliferae plants II. Screening for polyacetylenes in some Umbelliferae plants, and isolation of panaxynol and falcarindiol from the root of Heracleum moellendorffii. Biol.Pharm.Bull. 1998;21(3):257-261. View abstract.

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Sakiroglu, H., Ozturk, A. E., Pepe, A. E., and Erat, M. Some kinetic properties of polyphenol oxidase obtained from dill (Anethum graveolens). J Enzyme Inhib.Med.Chem. 2008;23(3):380-385. View abstract.

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11 Health Benefits of Dill

The herb dill may contain a number of nutrients and compounds that are thought to help aid digestion and reduce excess gas. It may also soothe menstrual disorders and boost the immune system. As it is also an anti-inflammatory substance, its compounds can help protect against arthritis and other inflammatory diseases.

What is Dill?

Dill (Anethum graveolens) has been used for culinary and medicinal purposes for hundreds of years. Apart from giving a strong, tangy, appetizing flavor, and taste, it may possess plenty of medicinal properties. These properties come from certain compounds called monoterpenes, as well as flavonoids, minerals, and amino acids. [1]

Dill can be a perennial or annual herb, depending on where in the world it is cultivated. It can be used as a flavoring and garnish for a number of meals, but it is also used as an ingredient in many meals. For herbalists who want to grow their own dill, it is important to cultivate this herb in warm to hot summers, with plenty of sunshine.

Dill Nutrition Facts

Nutrition Facts

Spices, dill seed

Serving Size : 100 g1 tsp (2.1 g)1 tbsp (6.6 g)
Nutrient Value
Water [g] 7.7
Energy 305
Energy [kJ] 1276
Protein [g] 15.98
Total lipid (fat) [g] 14.54
Ash [g] 6.62
Carbohydrate, by difference [g] 55.17
Fiber, total dietary [g] 21.1
Calcium, Ca [mg] 1516
Iron, Fe [mg] 16.33
Magnesium, Mg [mg] 256
Phosphorus, P [mg] 277
Potassium, K [mg] 1186
Sodium, Na [mg] 20
Zinc, Zn [mg] 5.2
Copper, Cu [mg] 0.78
Manganese, Mn [mg] 1.83
Selenium, Se [µg] 12.1
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg] 21
Thiamin [mg] 0.42
Riboflavin [mg] 0.28
Niacin [mg] 2.81
Vitamin B-6 [mg] 0.25
Folate, total [µg] 10
Folate, food [µg] 10
Folate, DFE [µg] 10
Vitamin A, RAE [µg] 3
Vitamin A, IU [IU] 53
Fatty acids, total saturated [g] 0.73
12:0 [g] 0.01
14:0 [g] 0.01
16:0 [g] 0.58
18:0 [g] 0.1
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g] 9.41
16:1 [g] 0.05
18:1 [g] 9.36
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g] 1.01
18:2 [g] 0.96
18:3 [g] 0.15
Phytosterols [mg] 124
Threonine [g] 0.58
Isoleucine [g] 0.77
Leucine [g] 0.93
Lysine [g] 1.04
Methionine [g] 0.14
Phenylalanine [g] 0.67
Valine [g] 1.12
Arginine [g] 1.26
Histidine [g] 0.32
Sources include : USDA [2]

The health benefits of dill may be derived from its organic compounds, vitamins, and minerals. These include powerful monoterpenes like limonene, carvone, and anethofuran, as well as flavonoids like vicenin and kaempferol. As for vitamins and minerals, as per the USDA National Nutrient Database, it might have a significant amount of vitamins A and C, as well as trace amounts of folate, iron, and manganese. [3] [4]

Health Benefits of Dill

Let’s explore these potential health benefits of dill in detail below.

May Aid Insomnia

The essential oils found in herbs may have peculiar and powerful properties. They are considered to have ancient medicinal properties that might be simultaneously stimulating, sedative, and hypnotic. The essential oils in dill are no exception. The flavonoids and vitamin-B complex present in its essential oils may activate the secretion of certain enzymes and hormones which are considered to have calming and hypnotic effects, thereby helping some people get a good night’s sleep. [5]

Loose bunch of fresh green dill leaves Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Might Help Maintain Bone Health

The calcium content of dill means that it may contribute to adequate levels of calcium in the body, which in turn might help against the important element in protecting you from bone loss and the loss of bone mineral density. Osteoporosis affects millions of people each year, and calcium, along with other essential minerals, is a key component in the proper growth and development of bones and the repair of injured bones as well. [6] [7]

May Help Manage Diabetes

Dill has long been associated with diabetes and the management of insulin levels. Despite the fact that research is somewhat limited in this area, particularly on human subjects, studies have indicated that it may help reduce the fluctuations of serum lipids and insulin levels in corticosteroid-induced diabetes. One study published in the journal Phytotherapy Research stated that laboratory rats that had corticosteroid-induced type 2 diabetes may have showed a decrease in serum glucose and insulin levels when they were given dill extract for 22 days.  [8]

May Help Prevent Excess Gas

As a well-known carminative, dill may help prevent the embarrassing condition of extreme flatulence. It is not only an uncomfortable condition to experience in public, but if gas continues to build up, it can actually be a dangerous situation where it presses on the delicate organs of the chest cavity. A carminative may help force the gas downward through the digestive tract and allow it to leave the body in a safe way. [9]

May Boost Immunity

Dill has long been associated with antimicrobial activity. Therefore, frequent use of this herb in meals may help reduce the incidence of a number of microbial infections throughout the body, as well as infections that may result in open wounds or small cuts on the skin. [10]

May Help Calm Hiccups

Hiccups occur for various reasons, but primarily due to trapped gas and its repeated upward movement through the food pipe. The second cause is due to certain allergies, hypersensitivity, hyperactivity, and nervous malfunctioning. Dill may help in these situations. As a carminative, it might help the expulsion of gases and also reduce gas formation; while as a sedative, dill is thought to help calm down hiccups due to allergies, hyperactivity, or nervous disorders. [11]

May Diminish Diarrhea

Diarrhea is mainly caused by two things; indigestion and microbial action. In terms of indigestion, dill may be quite helpful, as it has very good digestive properties. Secondly, the herb may also help due to the monoterpenes and flavonoids present in its essential oils, which are germicidal or bactericidal in nature. They might help relieve diarrhea by inhibiting microbial infections that try to attack the body. [12]

May Relieve Arthritis Pain

Dill has long been known as an anti-inflammatory herb, meaning that it might help reduce inflammation and the associated pain of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout. Dill has been used since ancient times for precisely this reason. [13]

May Stimulate Menstruation

The flavonoids in the essential oil of dill are stimulating and have emmenagogue properties, which are thought in folk medicine to stimulate the secretion of certain hormones that might help maintain proper menstrual cycles in women. [14]

May Help Treat Respiratory Disorder

Kaempferol and certain other components of flavonoids and monoterpenes in the essential oils of dill might be anti-congestive and antihistaminic in nature. They are thought to help clear congestion in the respiratory system due to histamines, allergies or coughs. [15]

May Improve Oral Health

Dill seeds and leaves may act as good mouth and breath fresheners. Apart from that, the essential oils in it are germicidal, antioxidant, and disinfectant in nature. Due to these properties, they might help alleviate oral microbial infections and their antioxidants minimize the damage caused by free radicals to gums and teeth as well. [16]

Other Benefits

Dill is a relaxant, and it increases strength and urination to help in the removal of toxins, excess salts, and water from the body. Furthermore, it is a carminative (helps remove excess gas), antispasmodic (prevents cramps), and an antiflatulent substance. It may have anti-cancer potential, as well, but further studies are needed to explore this claim. [17]

Top 5 health benefits of dill or sowa seeds

Dill seeds also known as sowa in Hindi, is a herb that not only adds flavour to your food but also helps keep you healthy. A special ingredient among Indian curries, dill seeds are mainly used for the tangy and appetizing flavour they add to foods. Used from leaves to seeds, this plant does immense good for your body, right from regularising your digestive system to enhancing your immunity and controlling blood pressure. Here are the 7 health benefits of dill seeds.

Improves digestion

Dill acts as a laxative and improves the functioning of your digestive system, cleansing your bowels and improving its functioning. It secretes juices that help improve the digestion of heavy foods, helping the body absorb nutrients easily.Apart from that , the oil of dill smoothens the intestines ensuring no pain while passing stools.

Ensures you sleep well

Insomnia is a common ailment amongst people these days, but dill seeds can help beat that problem, ensuring you have a good night’s sleep. Packed with enzymes and vitamins like vitamin B, dill acts as a sedative, relaxing the body and helping in sleep.

Strengthens your bones

Dill has a good proportion of calcium in it, which is a must to avoid brittle bones especially among those suffering with osteoporosis. It also helps hasten the healing process of bones and is therefore is a great substitute for milk.


Dill seeds are packed with flavonoids and monoterpenes that act as very potent anti bacterial agents; coupled with its digestive properties, dill seeds are a great remedy for an upset stomach. It not only helps get rid of the infection, but also aids in restoring the functioning of your digestive tract and strengthens your immune system.

Beats bad breath

Due to its carmative properties, dill seeds are also great at beating bad breath. Not only does it help change the smell of your breath but also helps better your digestion, beating bad breath from the root.

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Top 10 Health Benefits of Dill

Dill is a popular herb used in European cuisine and Asian cuisine. It is native to Mediterranean countries and southeastern Europe. This weed with slender stems and soft leaves has a sweet, grassy flavour. However, it’s the aroma of seeds that makes it popular. Similar to many herbs used in cooking, dill is also known for its nutritional profile and health benefits. 

Dill weed may not be packed with vitamins and minerals like fruits and vegetables. But, it works its magic by treating many ailments and making the body stronger. One cup of fresh dill sprigs provides 8% of the RDI of vitamin C, 5% of manganese, 4% of vitamin A, 3% of iron, and 3% of folate.

1) Rich in Antioxidants

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The aromatic seeds and leaves of the plant have been proven to be rich in plant compounds like ethanol and acetone which have antioxidants like flavonoids, terpenoids, and tannins. The vitamin C in it also has antioxidant properties. Adding dill to your soup or curry or salads will help the body cells against damage caused by free radicals. It will also save you from chronic inflammation and lower the risk of heart diseases, arthritis, and neurodegenerative diseases. If anyone in your family has a history of Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s, using dill to season or garnish your food can work out in your favour.

2) Good for Heart Health

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Flavonoids found in dill can lower inflammation that affects heart health. Some animal studies have shown that dill has the ability to lower cholesterol and triglyceride. It also provides the dishes with a good dose of vitamins and minerals that promotes the maintenance of heart tissue.

3) Lower the Risk of Diabetes

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One of the most popular benefits of dill weed is its ability to regulate blood sugar and keep diabetes at bay. Dill leaves possess a bioactive ingredient called eugenol that can alleviate blood sugar levels. When you eat a dish with dill, pancreatic cells become active and produce insulin. This aromatic weed will also lower the breakdown of starch into glucose and avoid sugar rush and further formation of fat in the body.

4) It has Antibacterial Properties

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Dill has plant compounds called monoterpenes which are linked to antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. Experts have been studying the essential oil of dill weed for antibacterial properties as well that can fight off harmful bacteria. The same compound is being researched for anti-cancer properties. Some studies have shown that it may help prevent and treat lung, breast, and colon cancer.

5) Boosts Bone Health

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Nutrients in dill weed – calcium iron, vitamin D, riboflavin – are known to fortify bones. Regular intake of dill weeds will promote bone cell growth, regeneration, and calcium absorption. While these enhance structural development, dill also lower bone loss and lower the risk of conditions like osteoporosis. Women start experiencing minimal bone mass loss after the age of 30. It gradually increases as you get close to menopause. During menopause, it is natural to go through rapid bone loss. You will be prone to fractures and arthritis at the time. The only way to cope is to keep the bones as strong as you can in the beginning. Once you get close to 30, make it a point to include dill in your diet.

6) Lowers Menstrual Cramps

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Dysmenorrhea aka painful menstrual cramps is one of the common problems experienced by women. This problem is often exacerbated by long sitting hours at the office and skipping exercise. Essential oils in dill weed are known to relieve this pain. It is said to be as effective as over the counter medication. While you can use the oil to massage your abdomen and stomach, eating dill also helps. A study suggests that eating 1000 mg of dill for five days (starting two days before the cycle) will ease menstrual cramps.

7) Improves Eye Health

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Dill weed is rich in vitamin A which happens to be great for your eye health. Regular addition of dill to your foods will prevent retina damage as well as improve sight. It will also lower the risk of diseases like macular degeneration and cataract. The beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin are also beneficial to eye health.

8) Treats Insomnia

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Insomnia is one of the most common problems among youngsters, especially those who are in college or working. It can lead to exhaustion and lethargy. In the long term, your physical and mental health will also be at risk. Dill is rich in flavonoids and b-complex vitamins. They have a calming effect on the brain. Dill also activates the secretion of certain hormones and enzymes in the body which lowers the level of cortisol. While sleeping pills are a quick fix, dill will facilitate the body to naturally relax and fall asleep.

9) Improves Digestive Health

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One of the most popular benefits of dill weeds is better digestion. Similar to most aromatic spices, dill weed can also treat digestive anomalies and soothe the system. In ancient days, it was used to treat colic in infants. It is a potent appetiser and has anti-flatulent properties. Adding fresh dill sprigs to food will reduce the formation of gas, bloating, and abdominal distension. Since it is rich in fibre, you do not need to worry about constipation as well. The fibre in it stimulates peristaltic motion and expels wastes out of the intestines. Dill is also known to act as a remedy for acidity and heartburn.

10) Helps with Reproductive Health

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Dill is rich in vitamin A which boosts reproductive health in men and women alike. Dill has been used to comfort breastfeeding women as well. Eating dill during pregnancy is known to eliminate the risk of anemia. However, you should not use concentrated dill oil as it can cause contractions. On the other hand, eating a dash of dill pickle or a pinch of garnish will not harm you. Eating dill during pregnancy will ward off harmful bacterial infection, neutralise free-radical activity, detoxify the body, cures dysentery caused by fungal infections, and aids fetal growth by providing zinc to the body.

Dill Facts, Health Benefits and Nutritional Value

Dill Quick Facts
Name: Dill
Scientific Name: Anethum graveolens
Origin Native to Southwestern Asia. It is naturalized in Europe and northern US. It is used as flavoring in Central, Northern and Eastern European countries
Colors Light or dark brown
Shapes Lens-shaped schizocarp, 2.5-6 mm x 2-4 mm
Taste Pungent and bitter
Calories 4 Kcal./cup
Major nutrients Vitamin C (8.44%)

Iron (7.38%)

Manganese (4.87%)

Vitamin A (4.86%)

Vitamin B9 (3.25%)
Health benefits Useful for depression, Healthy cholesterol level, Cure epilepsy, Neutralize free radicals, Promote fertility

Scientifically called Anethum graveolens, have been used for hundreds of years for culinary and medicinal purposes. Dill shares the same family of celery and parsley being a sole species of its genus. It is native to Western Asia and Eastern Mediterranean region. The term dill was derived from old Norse word dylla which means to soothe or lull. In writing, it dates back to about 3000 B.C. and was mentioned in Egyptian medical texts. Other common names for Dill are Garden dill, American Dill, Aneth Odorant, Aneth, Anethi Fructus, Anethum graveolens, Anethi Herba, Dill Herb, Anethum sowa, Dill Oil, Dill Weed, Dillweed, Eneldo, Dilly, Faux Anis, European Dill, Fenouil Bâtard, Huile d’Aneth, Fenouil Puant, Madhura, Satahva, Peucedanum graveolens, Shatpushpa, Sowa, Sotapa and East Indian dill.

Dill is an annual, erect and glabrous herb which grows from 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24 in). The stems are subterete, much branched which measures about 12 mm in diameter. Leaves are sheathed, alternate and decompound. An inflorescence is a compound umbel which measures 4 to 16 cm in diameter. Flowers are bisexual and actinomorphic. It bears lens shaped schizocarp like fruit. The plant is grown in a region where there is 1000 to 1700 ml annual rainfall. Being a summer crop, it suits full sunlight. It prefers the temperatures between 10⁰C and 25⁰C. Though it could be grown easily from seed but could not be transplanted once sown. Other common names for Dill are Indian dill, Garden dill and East Indian dill.

The dried fruits of Dill are known as seeds which are used as a spice. It possesses strong pungent and bitter taste so it is used to flavor pickles, sauces and to make dill vinegar. Leaves are called dill weed and used as herbs due to its distinctive flavor in fresh form. The essential oil extracted from seeds and leaves have variety of uses such as medicines, food flavoring and perfuming soaps. Besides tangy and appetizing flavor as well as taste, it possesses various medicinal properties due to the presence of certain compounds known as Monoterpenes, minerals, flavonoids and amino acids. Dill acts as relaxant, promotes urination for elimination of toxins and also increases strength. Moreover, it has an antispasmodic, carminative and antiflatulent activity. It promotes lactation and ensures bone and dental being a great source of calcium.


Dill is inherent to Southern Russia, Mediterranean region and Western Africa. It has been used for medicinal purposes for 5000 years. Dill was used by Ancient Egyptians for soothing activity, aphrodisiacs and defends witches. Dill is used by Greeks as a symbol of wealth. It was believed to bring good fortune by Romans and used the leaves in wreaths which are made to recognize heroes and athletes.

It was mentioned in Egyptian writings as well as Bible. It was well known in ancient Greek and Roman cultures and was regarded as a sign of wealth and used for healing purposes. It was used by Hippocrates who is a father of medicine in a recipe to cleanse mouth. The burnt Dill seeds are used by ancient soldiers to speed up healing process. Curative properties of dill have been dignified throughout the history. In this present days, Dill is renowned herb in cuisines of Central Europe, Scandinavia, Russian Federation and North Africa.


The plant grows to the height of 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24 in) with slender hollow stems. It possesses alternate leaves measuring 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 inches) long. Leaf divisions are 1 to 2 mm broad. Flowers are white to yellow in color and in small umbels of about 2 to 9 cm in diameter. Fruits are a light or dark brown lens-shaped schizocarp measuring about 2.5-6 mm x 2-4 mm. Seeds are 4 to 5 mm long and 1 mm thick, straight to slightly curved having longitudinally ridged surface.

Dill possess great amounts of phytonutrients such as niacin, fiber, copper, phosphorus, vitamin B6, riboflavin, potassium and magnesium which is beneficial to maintain overall health. It also contains flavonoids such as vicenin, kaempferol, anethofuran, limonene and monoterpenes carvone. Dill provides numerous health benefits such as providing relief from insomnia, boost digestion, diarrhea, hiccups, menstrual disorders, dysentery, cancer and respiratory problems. It is used to maintain oral health and could enhance immune system and prevents from degradation of bones. With its anti-inflammatory properties, it could be helpful for the arthritis patients. In addition, it could also lower excess gas. Dill restricts bacteria and prevents cancer.

  1. Useful for depression

Depression has become a leading problem among teens and adults. Dill acts as a natural aid for depression. The study was aimed to find out analgesic and antidepressant properties of aqueous extract of dill. The dill extract showed powerful analgesic and antidepressant effect when compared with tramadol and sertraline. Moreover, it does not showed any adverse reactions. The aqueous extract showed the benefits from flavonoids, polyphenols and tannins present in it.

  1. Healthy cholesterol level

Dill is able to lower cholesterol. The study determined effect of dill extract as well as dill tablets on lipid profile, gene expression, liver enzymes and enzymatic activity which was shown positive in hamsters having high cholesterol. The regular dosage of dill in various forms, it lowered liver enzymes, blood glucose and lipid profile in the treated groups.

  1. Cure epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which is featured by episodic and unpredictable seizures. Many medications are available to lower the symptoms such as seizure but the drugs provide various side effects. This plant has been used for centuries to treat epilepsy. The aqueous extract of Dill leaves was reviewed for the effects on treatment of epilepsy and convulsions. As the evaluation showed that the plant has medical reputation for profound anticonvulsant activities and is an effective alternative to treat epilepsy.

The study determined anticonvulsant effects of hydro alcoholic extract of seed of Dill on pentlyenetetrazol induced seizure in male mice. The hydro-alcoholic extract anticonvulsant activity against PTZ induced seizure. It is regarded as adjuvant therapy. Further studies are essential to elucidate involvement of probable neurotransmitter that mediated functional mechanisms of whole extract. (1)

  1. Neutralize free radicals

The monoterpene effects of Dill assist antioxidant molecules attach to oxidized molecules that could damage the body. The study confirmed these effects and showed antioxidant properties which are comparable to alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid and quercetin. Hence Dill shows analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that counteract free radical damage. Study shows antioxidant activity of aqueous extract of dill that acts as a superoxide radical scavenger.

  1. Promote fertility

Study shows that Dill caused some change in female reproductive system that promotes infertility. The study investigated oocyte changes being a reason of infertility. The results concluded that seed aqueous extract of Dill in high dose and low dose promotes estrous cycle duration and progesterone concentration and promote infertility without any meaningful side effects on development of oocytes potential such as chemical and structural changes. Dill has potential for study as herbal extract with contraceptive property. (2)

  1. Treat diabetes

Herbal medicines possess vital componenets such as terpenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, saponins, alkaloids, tannins and polysaccharides with individual remedial properties. Dill possess various useful properties such as antihypercholesterolemic, antihyperlipidemic, anticancer, antidiabetic, antistress, antioxidant, cardioprotective, antisecretory, diuretic and antispasmodic properties. In Iran, Dill is traditionally used to treat diabetes and convulsion. Study was conducted to know the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of dill leaves on histology of dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in an epileptic mice ignite by Pentylenetetrazole. Dill possess hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects which helps to lower the complications of diabetes. It affects antioxidant capacity and change in genes in lipid and glucose pathways. The aim was to summarize pharmacological effects of Dill to manage diabetes. The experiment reported an inverse relationship between consumption of Dill and chances of diabetes as well as progression of CVD. An intake of dill showed meaningful antidiabetic activity in both animals and humans. Its antidiabetic effects help to manage diabetes. This shows the effectiveness of treatment for epileptic disorders and also supports the use of Dill to treat epilepsy in Iran. (3) (4)

  1. Antigiardial activity

Giardia lamblia is an intestinal parasite of humans that has been known worldwide. Metronidazole is the commonly used drug to treat giardiasis in humans. Low chances of side effects have been looking for to use in children as a safe agent. The plants such as Dill is thought to possess antigiardial effect which have been cultivated in Iraq as a food spice and medicinal agent. Study showed that pediatric patients having giardiasis has been benefited with five days treatment with extract of Dill. It improved the symptom which was comparable to standard pharmacological agent Met. The results found were safe and tolerable to the treatment. (5)

  1. Prevent risk of atherosclerosis

Dill lowers postprandial atherosclerosis chances and is beneficial for the patients with hypercholesterolemic. By considering the price as well as availability, it becomes an effective choice for the treatment of hyperlipidima by lowering postprandial risk factors of atherosclerosis. The mechanism and structure of active ingredients should be authorized. Further studies are still need to be conducted for determination of similar effects of Dill in humans. (6)

  1. Metabolic syndrome

An array of metabolic abnormalities which is known as metabolic syndrome has become a public and clinical problem. Though the uses of herbal medicines have been shown, human evidence lacks to support the effectiveness which exists in animals. The clinical trial made on patients having metabolic syndrome for 12 weeks of treatment from extract showed beneficial effect of lowering TG from baseline. The treatment of dill was not related with significant improvement in metabolic syndrome which is related to markers which is compared to control group. The larger studies are still required to prove efficacy of long term administration of dill extract for resolving the components of metabolic syndrome. (7)

  1. Prevent candida

The essential oil extracted from Dill seed was tested in vivo and vitro anti-Candida activity. The effectiveness of essential oil evaluation in prophylaxis and treatment of experimental vaginal candidiasis was carried out in immunosuppressed mice. Microbiological and histological techniques analyzed anti-candida activity and were compared with fluconazole. The experiments tested that essential oil is effective to treat vulvovaginal candidiasis in an immunosuppressed mice. As a basis for results, it concluded that essential oil extracted from essential oil possess anti-candida properties in vivo and in vitro. It is regarded to be useful for preventing and treating monilial vaginitis. (8)

Types of Dill

For several centuries, Dill have been probably the most well-known cookery herbs. This particular herb belongs to the carrot family, and is also valued for its stinky seeds and also flavourful leaves. Various kinds of dill can be found, which may be grown in home based gardens.

1. Dukat Dill

This kind of dill is additionally known as tetra dill and is also mostly cultivated because of its rich foliage that makes it well suited for salads. The seeds of dukat are fantastic for seasoning distinctive condiments.


2. Bouquet Dill

Bouquet is really a showy variety which has appealing yellow flowers. Since it develops quite big — as much as 3 feet in height — it’s best grown outside the house. All types of dill could be cultivated within Sunset’s Climate Zones, in accordance with Sunset.com. In areas along with cold winters as well as hot summers, Bouquet is the most suitable grown in the spring and fall. Plant this particular variety in loamy, well-draining soil after all danger of frost has gone by. This might mean waiting till May, according to where you reside. Plant the seeds about each 3 weeks to make sure a continuous availability of dill till hot summer weather occurs. Re-sow once again whenever cooler weather comes to the fall.

3. Superdukat Dill

Superdukat is actually a variety bred to be extremely tasty. A hybrid plant, it actually reaches around 2 feet in height, however it develops a lot more slowly but surely as compared to Bouquet. Additionally it is slower to flower and also decline as compared to various other types, and that means you are able to utilize the dill for a bit longer period of time. Select this particular variety if you do not wish to plant seeds each and every few weeks or you make use of the leaves a lot more than the seeds.

4. Long Island Mammoth Dill

Long Island Mammoth is actually a variety generally cultivated by commercial dill producers. This particular variety is appealing because of its leaves and seeds and actually reaches a height of approximately 30 inches. Plant Long Island Mammoth exactly where it can obtain full sun as well as in loose, well-draining soil. It can do best outside the house together with the seeds sown directly in the earth. You may also grow this particular variety in the container yet ensure the container is at least 12 inches deep. Dill plants have got lengthy taproots.

5. Fernleaf Dill

Fernleaf is actually a dwarf variety of dill and is also the best choice if you do not wish to delay until May to cultivate this herb. Just like all types of dill, Fernleaf doesn’t flourish in severe cold or hot climate. Because of this, growing it inside your home could possibly be the ideal option for both urban gardener and also somebody who really wants to experience the herb year-round. Fernleaf actually reaches a height of about 18 inches and spreads in temperatures in between 60 and 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Put it in the window exactly where it can get a minimum of 6 hours of indirect sunlight each day. Grow it through seed but don’t attempt to transplant it outside the house once the weather warms — like every dill plants, it doesn’t transplant effectively.

Traditional uses

  • It is used to treat boils, headache, jaundice, stomach problems, lack of appetite, liver problems, nausea and other health ailments.
  • Seeds are used to prepare herbal tea.
  • In India, other greens and leaves of dill are served as accompaniment to chapatis and roti.
  • The infusion is used to treat gripe in babies and flatulence in children.
  • The essential oil extracted from seed provides relief from griping and intestinal spasms and also helps to soothe colic.
  • Chew seed to improve bad breath.
  • It provides relief from period pains.
  • Dill assists to promote flow of milk in nursing mothers.
  • It soothes stomach and relieves insomnia.
  • Seeds are used to soothe stomach after meals.
  • Essential oil provides relief from griping and intestinal spasms.
  • Consume tea to promote lactation in nursing mothers.
  • It is helpful for digestive problems such as flatulence, loss of appetite, gallbladder complaints, liver problems, urinary tract disorders, urination problem and kidney diseases.
  • Use the seeds to mouth and throat for swelling and pain.
  • A seed infusion is used to treat insomnia.
  • Infusion is helpful for dyspepsia and stomach acidity.
  • Boil seeds in olive oil and apply it warm to furuncles which acceleration discharge emission and provide relief from pain.
  • Dill oil is helpful for intestinal spasms and menstrual cramps.


  • Some people might experience dermatitis and photosensitivity with the use of Dill.
  • Pregnant women should not use it because it might result in miscarriage.
  • It could cause skin irritation when it is applied to the skin directly and juice of dill causes extra skin sensitivity to sun that could increase the chances of skin cancer and sunburn.
  • One should be careful while applying dill topically.
  • People who are allergic to carrot family might experience allergic reactions.
  • It could lower blood sugar so the people with diabetes should consult the doctor for use.

How to Eat         

  • It is used to flavor dill pickles and add zest to egg salads, potato salads and sauerkraut and flavor sauce and vinegar for fish.
  • Use it with cabbage and boiled vegetables.
  • Leaves are used to enhance flavor of cured salmon, borscht, fish dishes, soups and pickles.
  • The seeds of Dill are used as spice.
  • The oil is extracted from leaves, seeds and stem.
  • Use dill as a topping for boiled potatoes which is covered with fresh butter.
  • In Poland, leaves are combined with sour cream and used as dressings.
  • In South-eastern Poland, dill based soup is served with hard boiled eggs and potatoes.
  • In Romania, it is used as an ingredient for soups, beans, peas and pickles.
  • In Iran, dill is used with rice which is known as shevid-polo.
  • In Egypt, dill is used to enhance flavor of cabbage dishes.
  • In Israel, seeds are used to spice in salads and flavor omelette alongside parsley.
  • Mix dill with chopped cucumber and plain yogurt to make delicious cooling dip.
  • Dill could be used while cooking trout and salmon as the flavor complements well.
  • Dill could be used as a garnish for sandwiches.
  • Dill could be added to egg salad recipe.
  • Combine green beans, chopped potatoes and plain yogurt with chopped dill weed and dill seeds.
  • Consume it in the form of herbal tea.










Dill Seed Benefits, How To Use, Side Effects, Ayurveda Details

By – Dr JV Hebbar
Dill seed is an ancient Indian spice. Its seeds, seed oil and whole plant is used in Indian culinary. It is mainly used in digestive disorders. It is also called as Indian Dill.

Botanical name: Anethum sowa / Peucedanum graveolens
Family: Umbelliferae

Vernacular names

Hindi name: Soyo
English name: Dill, Dil, Dill plant, Indian Dill
Telugu name: Sadapa Vittulu
Tamil name: Satakuppi
Bengali name: Saluka
Marathi name: Shepu
Gujarati name: Suva
Kannada name: Its seeds are called Shataapu and the plant is called Sabbasige soppu
Arabian name: Shibith

Sanskrit synonyms

Shatahva, Shatapushpa – having numerous flowers
Chatra – inflorescence has umbrella shape

Classical categorization

Asthapanopaga – herbs that are used in decoction enema therapy
Anuvasananopaga – herbs that are used in oil enema therapy

Medicinal qualities

Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Teekshna (piercing, enters deep tissues)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion): Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Vata ad Kapha. It increases Pitta.

According to Bhojana Kutuhalam twelfth chapter, The leaves of shatapushpa are hot in potency, sweet in taste, and treats gulma. Alleviates vata, stimulates digestive fire, wholesome to the body, aggravates pitta dosha and imparts taste.

Spices, dill weed, dried

Is a natural aphrodisiac, useful in uterine fibroids, galactagogue, improves taste
Rasa – pungent, bitter
Guna – light, piercing, sharp
Veerya – hot
Vipaka – pungent
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta increasing
Kapha balancing

Dill health benefits

Deepani – improves digestion strength
Useful in
Jvara – fever
Diseases of Kapha and Vata predominance
Vrana – non healing wounds
Shoola – abdominal colic pain
Akshi Roga – eye disorders
Akshivrana – ulcers in the eye
Bastikarma – enema Panchakarma therapy

Dill leaves
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Rudhira Gulmajit – useful in uterine fibroids,
Vataghna – balances Vata
Stanya – acts as galactogogue
Pittakrut – increases Pitta
Ruchidayaka – improves taste of food.

Dill plant recipe is given to lactating mother to improve breast milk secretion.

Shatapushpa in enema therapy

In almost all the enema therapy (Basti karma), Shatapushpa kalka (paste of Dill seed) is used as a necessary ingredient. It aids in digestion and transferring of phyto-chemicals of the enema into the system of the patient. Enema therapy is usually done to achieve Vata balance and Shatapushpa mitigates Vata.

Dill seeds for cancer

A team of Russian scientists have developed glaziovianin A, which inhibit the growth of human tumor cells. They evaluated this compound in in-vivo study using sea urchin embryo assays. It  yielded several promising candidates selectively affecting tubulin dynamics. Glaziovianin A. is derived from Parsley and dill seeds (1)

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Shatapushpa:
Narayan oil – useful pain relieving, anti inflammatory Ayurvedic massage oil
Gorochanadi GUlika – A traditional Ayurvedic product used in cough, cold, asthma, bronchitis etc.
Maharasnadi kashaya – Useful to relieve inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis etc.
Maha Laxadi oil – useful in sciatica, spondylosis etc.

Side effects

Dill seed side effects:
Over-dosage may cause Pitta increase, burning sensation, worsening of gastritis.
It is not indicated in conditions with Pitta dominance, like gastritis.
It is best to avoid its use during menstrual periods.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?

Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most
of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product
per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western
Seek your
doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western
(allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is
best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the
Ayurvedic medicine.

Shatapushpa dose

Powder – 1 – 3 grams per day
Dill seed oil – 1 – 3 drops
Dill leaves – used as food.

External application

Paste prepared with dill seeds along with Tagara, licorice, Kushta  and sandalwood and ghee is used to apply externally to relieve headache, shoulder and back pain. Reference: Charaka Samhita Rajayakshma Chikitsa.

Dil oil is used as ingredients in syrups to improve digestion strength, such as Bio-sal Syrup.

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Dill | HerbaZest

Health Benefits of Dill

There is evidence of dill being used in both cooking and medicinal applications in ancient cultures, including Roman, Greek, and Egyptian times. Its value since then has barely diminished, with the plant remaining a very popular natural remedy for many ailments. Scientific investigations suggest that the most remarkable health benefits of dill are:

Additionally, preliminary research suggests that dill may contribute to reducing cholesterol levels, although more studies are needed to confirm this and other touted dill benefits. 

Traditionally, the medicinal properties of dill have been used for treating colic, insomnia, urinary complaints, and piles.

How It Works

Over 36 components have been identified in the dill herb; however, α-phellandrene, a terpenoid, is its dominant compound and amounts to 53% of the herb’s oil; it is also the phytochemical responsible for the pleasing aroma and most health benefits of dill.

The seeds of dill also contain hydrochloric acid, which has been shown to act as a muscle relaxant, which may explain dill benefits for the  treatment of stomach cramps.

Other terpenoids – such as carvone, dill ether, limonene, and p-cymene – are also major constituents of dill oil, which is extracted from the herb’s leaves and seeds. Though the exact mechanism of each component has not yet been established, the combined action of these chemicals has shown antibacterial, carminative, and antioxidant effects.

Although further research is required, dill extracts have also been suggested to have antihyperlipidemic effects, which may help reduce the accumulation of fatty compounds that causes high cholesterol.

Guelder rose and linden are examples of herbs with strong antispasmodic properties, and similar carminative benefits can be found in cardamom and fennel.

Dill Side Effects

Dill is generally considered safe for oral and topical use. However, it may cause skin irritation and heightened photo-sensitivity in some people. This means that extra care should be taken if one is going to be in the sunlight. Those who are pregnant or breastfeeding should seek advice from a health professional before consuming dill in medicinal doses.

Dill Cautions

Allergic reactions to the dill herb are uncommon, but they can occur, particularly in those who are allergic to coriander, fennel, anise, caraway, asafetida, or celery. People with hypoglycemia and diabetics taking medication should be aware that consuming dill can lower blood sugar levels.

90,000 What is the use of dill? | The weekly PHARMACY

Dill is one of the most common herbs on our table, but few people know what the benefits of this plant are.

Nutritional value

Dill is very rich in various organic compounds: monoterpenes (limonene, carvone and anetofuran) and flavonoids (vicenin and kaempferol). In terms of vitamins and minerals, dill contains high amounts of vitamins A and C, as well as folic acid, iron and manganese.

Health benefits

Improvement of digestion

The essential oils contained in dill activate and stimulate the secretion of bile and gastric juice. These oils also stimulate intestinal motility, which helps prevent constipation.

Treatment of insomnia

Flavonoids and a complex of B vitamins present in dill activate the secretion of certain enzymes and hormones that have a calming and hypnotic effect on the body.

Prevention of osteoporosis

The fact that dill contains calcium means that it is very important for maintaining bone mineral density and, along with other minerals, is a key component for proper bone growth and development.

Prevention of diabetes

Studies have shown that substances contained in dill help to reduce fluctuations in serum lipids and insulin levels in corticosteroid-induced diabetes mellitus.

Carminative effect

The well-known carminative effect of dill is that its decoction helps to remove excess gas from the human body. Dill water is especially often used for small children.

Strengthening the immune system

Dill has antimicrobial activity and helps prevent a number of microbial diseases, especially in external cuts and wounds.

Prevention of arthritis

Dill has pronounced anti-inflammatory properties, which means that it is an excellent remedy for the prevention of rheumatoid arthritis and gout.

Treatment of menstrual irregularities

Flavonoids stimulate the secretion of female hormones, which helps to normalize the menstrual cycle in women and prevent the development of menopause.

Prevention of respiratory diseases

Kaempferol and some other flavonoids and monoterpenes are anti-cognitive and antihistamines and contribute to the prevention and treatment of diseases of the respiratory system.

Oral cavity care

The essential oils contained in dill have bactericidal, antioxidant and disinfectant properties.This makes it an excellent oral care product.

Cancer prevention

Monoterpenes stimulate the secretion of an enzyme called glutathione S-transferase, an antioxidant that helps neutralize carcinogens. It is especially effective in neutralizing cyano and benzo derivatives and free radicals, thereby protecting the body from cancer.

Other benefits

Dill is a relaxant, increases strength and increases urination, which helps to eliminate toxins, excess salts and excess fluid from the body.In addition, dill stimulates lactation, endocrine secretion and increases libido.

Based on materials from www.organicfacts.net

90,000 useful properties and harm, application and storage features

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We are used to drying many fruits and vegetables for the winter – both in the form of spices and for cooking, for example, compotes and other dishes.This type of blank allows you to preserve all the useful properties of the original product. In our material, we will consider dried dill – this plant is considered a spice in many countries and is valued not only for its taste, but also for its health benefits.


Pros and cons of drying dill

Dill is an annual herb that is used as a condiment. To apply it in this form, the plant goes through a drying process. But many believe that it is always best to use a fresh product.We suggest highlighting the pros and cons of the drying process in order to figure out what form of dill is best used for food.

  • Pros:
  • no need to constantly buy fresh product;
  • due to drying, the plant is stored longer;
  • Dried dill is used for dietary nutrition.

Did you know? In Ancient Rome, bouquets consisting of one dill were often made. It was given to lovers as a sign of great love.

  • Cons:
  • improper storage can affect the taste of dill;
  • in case of an incorrect preparation, all its useful properties disappear;
  • The product is not suitable for decorating dishes in this form.

Properties of dried dill

The composition of the plant itself includes many elements that have a beneficial effect on human health.

Thanks to this, dill has the following properties:

  • antispasmodic;
  • lowers blood pressure;
  • carminative;
  • expectorant;
  • diuretic;
  • soothing;
  • wound healing.


Adding it to food, not everyone knows how dill is useful.

  • Consider the useful qualities of the dried product:
  • May eliminate involuntary muscle contraction and reduce pain.
  • It is recommended for people whose blood pressure readings are above normal.
  • A decoction from the plant helps with cystitis and diseases of the urinary tract.
  • After a bad cold or flu, a decoction from this representative of the Umbrella will help get rid of a cough.
  • Helps with bloating and flatulence.
  • Helps restore emotional balance and improve sleep.
  • Shows its wound healing properties in allergic reactions to soothe irritated skin areas.

Harm and contraindications

Dried dill should not be used in food for people with low blood pressure. Also, it is not recommended for pregnant women and during lactation. Before use, women in position should consult a doctor.

Did you know? The calorie content of dried dill is 7.5 times lower than that of a fresh product.

Chemical composition and caloric content of dill

The product contains various vitamins – groups A and B. The product is also rich in macronutrients.

Let’s consider each separately below:

  1. Vitamin A . Affects vision, is necessary for the creation of visual pigment in the retina. Retinol, as vitamin A is also called, affects the immune system.It promotes health and helps white blood cells to function better. Vitamin helps in the restoration of epithelial tissue.
  2. Vitamin B1. The minimum daily allowance for this vitamin for humans is 1.2 mg. Its other name is thiamine. It is an important component in the diet of those who are actively involved in sports or doing physical work on a daily basis. Helps restore strength and improves protein metabolism.
  3. Vitamin B2. Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin that is added to many pharmacological preparations for the treatment of eyes and skin.It has wound healing properties, helps with gastrointestinal diseases.
  4. Vitamin B5. Another name is pantothenic acid. It has become widespread due to the improvement in the condition of patients with alcoholism and during the treatment of acne. It can often be found in the chemical composition of drugs aimed at eliminating liver diseases.
  5. Vitamin B9, or folic acid. Participates in the development of the circulatory system in children, and also strengthens the immune system after illness.
  6. Vitamin C. More commonly known as ascorbic acid. It is found in many fruits and vegetables. It is known that the content of ascorbic acid in bell peppers is higher than in lemon. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system, acts as an antioxidant.
  7. Vitamin PP. Scientific name – nicotinamide. Recommended for diseases of the liver, gastrointestinal tract, diabetes mellitus, unbalanced diet.
  8. Vitamin E. Known as a cell membrane protector that prevents oxidative damage.Increases resistance to hypoxia.
  9. Vitamin K. Essential for protein metabolism and kidney function. The daily intake of vitamin K for an adult is 90 mcg.
  10. Magnesium. Provides cells of the body with energy, helps to restore the normal functioning of the nervous system and intestines. Poor sleep, fatigue, and severe headaches can indicate its low content in the body.
  11. Potassium. Like the previous macronutrient, it is involved in the normalization of the functioning of the nervous system, maintaining the water and acid-base balance.
  12. Iron. Takes part in metabolism. Iron is a carrier of oxygen through the tissues of the human body.
  13. Phosphorus. Its absence affects the integrity and development of bones, as well as tooth enamel.

Caloric content: 90,085 40 kcal per 100 g, of which proteins – 2.5 g (10 kcal), fats – 0.5 g (4.5 kcal), carbohydrates – 6.3 g (25.5 kcal).

Energy ratio of proteins / fats / carbohydrates (respectively): 25% / 11% / 63%.

Important! There is an allergy to vitamin K, so it is best to consult a doctor before consuming dill or other foods containing this vitamin.

Application of dried dill

The plant is applied as:

  • component of folk recipes for the preparation of medicines;
  • spice.

In the second version, it can be found most often. The dried plant has a spicy aroma, enhances the taste of other food products.It can also be added to canning spices. However, it is not recommended to use it to decorate dishes: fresh dill comes as a replacement here. How to use the spice in question is up to you, because it can be found even in recipes for making face masks.

Important! Do not add too much spice, so as not to spoil the dish with too rich taste of dried dill stems and leaves.

Storage Features

In order to preserve the harvested spice until the next season, a number of simple rules must be followed:

  • Store in a cool place.Heat contributes to poor aroma retention;
  • the container must be sealed;
  • Avoid direct sunlight.

Before harvesting, it is important to thoroughly rinse the product, dry it and grind it.

So, dried dill is a necessary spice in every home, because it will improve not only the quality of the dish, but also your health.

health benefits and dignity

Dill or anethum graveolens gets its name from the Greek anethon, “fast growing”.

This is an annual plant with a height of 1 meter, native to Southern Europe and Western Asia.

Dill belongs to the Apiaceae (or Umbellifera) family. Lightweight, this plant easily finds its place in flower beds.

  • Vegetable garden: sowing, growing and harvesting dill
  • Cooking: dill recipes

Dill: for protocol

Since ancient times , dill has been used as a seasoning and as a remedy.

The medical papyrus of Erbers (about 1500 BC) mentions its medicinal properties.

In his bucolics Virgil describes a naiad collecting bunches of dill.

Today, dill is practically used only as a condiment, especially in the Scandinavian countries and in Germany, but also in France, where it is used to season fish in all its forms and, in particular, tartar.

Dill and its health benefits

  • Dill is an excellent carminative (helps to remove intestinal gas).We understand why this aromatic plant was so valuable when the diet was high in legumes (peas, beans, beans, lentils)!
  • Dill has a reputation for increasing milk supply by nurses, but also for stimulating the digestive system .
  • Dill also has diuretic properties .
  • Finally, dill is recognized as an excellent antispasmodic . Recommended for hiccups and vomiting in both children and adults.

Did you know?

Internal use

Dill infusion: teaspoon of seeds (4 to 8 g of seeds) per glass of boiling water 2 or 3 times a day:

– to facilitate digestion

– effective for spastic cough or hiccups

Dill essential oil: It should be used in very small doses (it can be toxic), only with a doctor’s prescription.Not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.

Growing dill

To grow properly, dill needs sun and heat , but above all wind ! Dill grows well in light, sandy, well-drained and rich soil.


Avoid growing dill before or after carrots. Alternate with potatoes and cabbage instead.

Dill in the bank?

You can grow dill in a pot from 20 to 40 cm, but you should know that it will be less vigorous than in the garden. Regular watering is required, even organic fertilization.

  • Vegetable garden: sowing, growing and harvesting dill

If you want to propagate dill , you need to sow in place in April-May. Leave the plant every 20-30 cm, after two weeks you will see the seeds sprout.And you will be warned: dill is transplanted spontaneously! You then harvest the dill from May to September.

Beware of the animals!

In slugs are the worst enemies of dill.

Dill in the kitchen

You can use fresh leaves with pickled or smoked fish, as well as use them with meat (especially with lamb), add to cottage cheese, salads or sauces.

Good to know : Dill leaves can be dried or frozen , but they will smell less.

Gourmet Idea:

Dill leaves are used relatively often. We use dill seeds less often. And yet, in dry form, they perfectly enhance marinade and vinegar .

  1. Cooking: dill recipes

Nutritional value

Dill leaf is rich in vitamin C.

Five recipes for dill salads and How to keep dill for the winter

Dill is one of the most common plants in the garden.It can be found on almost every site. Dill is easy to sow, it is not whimsical to care for, and as a result, you get a fragrant spice, appropriate in any dish. In addition, dill and its fruits have useful medicinal properties, which are determined by their vitamin and mineral composition. Its great advantage is its anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties. Dill lowers cholesterol, acts as a sedative, stimulates metabolism, has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system, mildly – on the digestive system, helps prevent and treat diseases of the urinary system.And not only! Plant dill in your beds – it is a great helper!

Dill as a seasoning in cooking

Dill as a medicinal plant

The benefits of dill in cooking are obvious. Dill is a versatile seasoning that can be used fresh, dried or frozen. Dill is good in salad, soup, borscht, meat and fish.Young boiled potatoes with dill are unusually good, baked fish sprinkled with dill is wonderful. And blooming dill is simply irreplaceable for conservation – not a single jar of cucumbers or tomatoes is complete without dill. Moreover, dill plays the role of not only a spice, but also a natural preservative that protects the workpiece. Remember, the dill is added to the dish at the end, and the dill seeds are added first. The beneficial properties of dill have been used by doctors for a long time. In medicine, dill can be used fresh (salads) and in the form of preparations (dill infusion, dill decoction).By eating dill, we get vitamin C, which protects the body from infections (about 100 mg per 100 g), B vitamins – relieving skin and hair problems, strengthening the nervous system, helping to cope with insomnia and bad mood, vitamin A – the most useful for sight and skin and not only vitamin. Dill is rich in iron, potassium, carotene, valuable oils and more.

Dill greens contain a large amount of vitamins: vitamin A (retinol), provitamin A (beta-carotene), B vitamins (thiamine, niacin equivalent, riboflavin, pyridoxine and folic acid), vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and vitamin E (tocopherol).In addition to vitamins, dill contains many acids, essential oils and minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and phosphorus. The benefits of dill are obvious – regular consumption of dill greens contributes to the saturation of the body with vitamins and microelements.

Dill salad recipes

The greatest amount of vitamins comes from fresh herbs. Therefore, try to use flavored dill fresh or in salads.Moreover, the most delicious salads, as a rule, contain a small amount of ingredients. The main thing is to eat them fresh. We bring to your attention simple green salads made from fresh dill.

Refreshing dill salad

  • Chop the dill (two bunches), add a little salt to taste and stir. Beat a tablespoon of lemon juice with olive or ordinary sunflower oil (3-3.5 tablespoons), then add brown sugar (1-1.5 tablespoons). The dressing must be mixed well so that there are no grains.It will be tastier if it stands for a while. Fill the salad with the resulting sauce, leave it for 2-3 hours. Cut the lemon into thin slices and place on top of the salad just before serving. You can add pine nuts.

Dill and onion salad with sour cream

  • A large bunch of dill and a large bunch of green onions must be chopped. Mix the chopped greens in a salad bowl. Salt and move. We fill with a can of sour cream from the refrigerator. You can add a spoonful of mayonnaise to the dressing.Very tasty and healthy.

Dill salad with egg

  • Finely chop a bunch of dill and a bunch of green onions. Stir the chopped greens and season with sour cream. Chop hard-boiled eggs. Mix eggs with herbs. You will need a bunch of onions and dill, 4 boiled eggs, 100-1500 grams of sour cream, salt. A delicious and nutritious spring salad is ready.

Cabbage salad with dill

  • Fresh and tasty dill and cabbage salad is very easy to prepare.Finely chop the half of the cabbage with a sharp knife. Place in a bowl. Sprinkle the shredded cabbage with salt and remember with your hands. She should let the juice flow and become soft. Rinse the dill, dry it slightly, cut the branches. Chop the dill finely and add to the cabbage. Top with olive or sunflower oil.

Cheese and curd salad with dill

  • Grated apple (2 tablespoons) mixed with lemon juice (1 tablespoon) and dill (3 tablespoons). Three hard cheese (150 g) on ​​a grater, add low-fat cottage cheese (100 g).Mix everything thoroughly, season with olive oil (2 tablespoons), mixed with chopped garlic (3-4 cloves). If desired, you can roll balls from this mass and decorate other salads with them.

And be sure to add dill to the first courses. Fragrant dill can give soups an indescribable taste and smell. And how good the borsh, sprinkled with fresh dill, is!

How to keep dill for the winter

To please yourself with fragrant dill in winter, it is harvested for future use.Harvesting greens for the winter can be done in three main ways: drying, freezing, salting.

  • how to dry dill for the winter

It is necessary to collect dill for drying in the morning, when the dew has melted. In no case should you collect it after rain.
Before drying, the dill must be carefully prepared: sort it out, rinse in cool water and let it drain.
Now the dill is laid out on a sheet of clean white paper in the shade so that direct sunlight does not fall on it.This is the only way after the dill will retain its natural beneficial properties and attractive appearance.
Dill can be dried in another way – in bunches hung on a rope. Drying is carried out in a well-ventilated cool area.
Dill should not be dried for too long. In good clear weather, it will dry out in 2-3 days. It is very easy to check this. A dried sprig of dill is easily crushed into powder.
Dried herbs are stored in glass containers, so it will retain its appearance and aroma, and will not absorb moisture.Jars with tight-fitting lids work well for this.

  • how to freeze dill for the winter

Freezing dill is a very good way to store herbs. Many people prefer freezing to drying, because frozen dill retains vitamins and essential oils, and the taste and appearance of dill from the freezer is just like fresh. You can freeze dill for the winter in three ways: with whole plants, chopped and in ice cubes.
The freshest and most aromatic plants are selected for freezing.Dill is sorted out, washed and left to dry. Further, depending on the chosen method of freezing dill:
– cut into portions and put in a container, jar or bag, in which I will store it in the freezer;
– wrapped whole in a bag;
– the chopped dill is laid out in ice molds and filled with water.
Frozen greens can be stored for a long time, but they must not be re-frozen. When freezing the dill, pack it in several small bags or containers so that only the amount of greens you need is thawed.

  • how to pickle dill for the winter

Dill can not only be added to the blanks, but also canned separately. To do this, the chopped greens are mixed with salt and vinegar and closed in a sterilized container. Or you can just pickle the dill according to this recipe.
We wash the dill thoroughly and sort it out, tearing the greens off the stem. Chop the dill and put in a large bowl. Add salt (for one bunch of unsorted dill, which is clasped by the thumb and middle finger of the hand, there is 1 tablespoon with a top of salt).Thoroughly grind the salted dill in a bowl so that it crumples and lets out the juice. Let it stand for half an hour and put it in clean glass jars with a screw cap. Salted dill should be placed in a container very tightly, in small portions, so that there are no voids. You can also add a pinch of salt on top before rolling. Store in the refrigerator on the door.

  • Dill fruits and essential oil relieve spasms, lower blood pressure, have an expectorant, carminative, sedative, wound healing, diuretic and anti-hemorrhoidal effect.
  • Dill fruits are used to improve appetite and for insomnia.
  • dill is useful for obesity, diabetes, salt deposition, for stimulating milk separation in lactating women, for allergic itching of the skin and pustular diseases of the skin of the face.

Contraindications: dill preparations are contraindicated for persons with low blood pressure; pregnant women should not abuse dill.

Interesting fact about dill
Dill has been used as a useful plant for a long time.In ancient Egypt, fennel decoction was considered a good remedy for headaches. In ancient Rome, warriors and athletes ate dill to tone them up before battles and competitions. In Europe, during the Middle Ages, doctors recommended dill to strengthen memory and to treat upset nerves.

Important: Before using dill preparations, be sure to consult your doctor! Never self-medicate.

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useful properties, composition and contraindications (+ 14 photos)

As a seasoning, dill is not used in every national
cuisine and is traditionally the most popular among the Eastern Slavs.But, dislike
to the taste and smell of a plant in some countries does not mean the absence
interest in him as a medicine. The fragrant herb is being studied
scientists around the world, primarily as a means of normalizing digestion
and diabetes care.

Useful properties of dill

Composition and caloric content


Fresh dill contains (per 100 g):

Calories 43 Kcal

Dill is known in the therapeutic literature as a rich source
flavonoids, phenolic compounds, saponins, cardiac glycosides
and terpenes, as well as some vitamins and minerals.

From the above table it can be seen that dill leaves contain various
vitamins, among which vitamin C stands out. For this indicator
dill is 1.5-2 times ahead of citrus fruits (lemon,
entering the top 20 herbal products containing ascorbic
acid. Dill contains vitamin PP (nicotinic acid),
B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), a number of flavonoids, a complex of mineral

Dill fruits 15-20% consist of fatty oil with the inclusion
oleic, petroselinic, linoleic, palmitic acids.Also
the fruits of the plant contain a lot of essential oils (approximately 3.5%), consisting
predominantly from cavron, limonel and alpha-pellandren.

However, the seeds and leaves of dill in their quantitative (and, in part,
qualitative) composition are not the same, and, therefore, therapeutic
they show different effects. For example, the concentration of D-carvone
in essential oil of fruits is several times higher than in essential oil
herbal part (30-50% versus 15-16%, respectively).And concentration
alpha-pellandrene, on the other hand, is higher in greens.

A significant effect on the chemical composition of dill is exerted by
other factors: growth stage, cultivation area, genotype
and environmental conditions. For example, American dill oil
contains a very large amount of alpha-pellandrene, while
how carvone and limonene form the basis of Asian essential oil
and European dill. [2]

Healing properties

Dill is used in traditional herbal medicine for treatment and prevention
diseases of the digestive system and genitourinary system, to eliminate
breathing problems, to activate lactation, as well as to reduce
cholesterol and glucose levels.

Recently, dill has been talked about as a possible anti-cancer,
anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial product that can normalize
function of the stomach, by eliminating irritation and discomfort. Moreover,
in addition to the long-known medicinal properties of the plant,
new manifestations that, in the future, may allow to include
dill preparations in official medical protocols:

  • anticonvulsant effect of hydroalcoholic extract can
    be used in the fight against epilepsy [3] ,
  • estrogenic properties of herbal extracts will make it possible to use
    them for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea [4]
    and to correct menstrual irregularities,
  • Antibacterial activity of crude extracts with broad
    spectrum of action – against S.Aureus (Staphylococcus aureus),
    E. Coli (Escherichia coli), P. Aeruginosa (Pseudomonas aeruginosa),
    Salmonella typhii and S. Typhimurium (Salmonella species),
    Shigella flexneri (Shigella Flexner) – potentially
    used against a variety of diseases from pneumonia
    before meningitis. [5]

There are studies showing that dill can reduce
the incidence of diabetic complications. Experiments with essential oils,
seed and leaf extracts in different diabetic models have shown
significant reduction in triglyceride, glucose, total cholesterol levels,
low and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and simultaneous
increased levels of “good” high-density cholesterol. [6]

The hypolipidemic effect of dill and its antidiabetic
functions provided:

  • inhibition of absorption of cholesterol in the intestine,
  • increase in excretion in feces,
  • by binding it to bile acids,
  • 90,073 increased production of bile acids in general.

In addition, rutin and quercetin (components of dill) may be responsible for
for lowering serum and liver cholesterol levels.Treatment
diabetic rats with water and alcoholic dill extracts
showed that they normalize lipid deposits in the liver, pancreas
iron and heart. [7]
And the use of carvone in laboratory therapy caused a decrease in
plasma glycoprotein levels and stimulated insulin secretion. [8]

Hypoglycemic and antioxidant activity of dill constituents
also reduces the number of diabetic complications.Antioxidant
the manifestations of the plant here, apparently, are due to its phenolic
proanthocyanidin and flavonoid components. Moreover, the extract
flowers of grass has more antioxidant activity than
extract of seeds or leaves. It is believed that thanks to the dill
extract can provide greater protection of the gastric mucosa
and prevent the occurrence of ulcerative
illness. [9]

There are works considering the possibility of using concentrates
plants for disease prevention
Alzheimer’s and cognitive recovery in senile
age. [10] Extracts
flowers and dill oil (topical) are tested for the ability to inhibit
inflammatory processes when getting burns
and injuries. A experiment using aqueous herbal extracts
(1 ml three times a day) for five days showed effectiveness
during the treatment of giardiasis (parasitic lesion of the small intestine)
in children. [11]

In medicine

Ayurveda researchers have more than fifty classical
“Old” preparations, which include dill or plant parts.The number of dill products produced by modern pharmacological
industry, much less. But among them you can find
and dill water, and fruit extract, and essential oil.

  • “Dill water”. The preparation consists of 1 part
    essential oil of plant seeds and 1000 parts of purified water.
    Designed to relieve intestinal muscle spasm and improve
    digestion. Water is especially effective in eliminating flatulence
    in children aged 2 weeks to 6 months.For this they give it
    1 tablespoon three times a day, mixing in the mixture for feeding
    or breast milk.
  • Anetin fruit extract. Means possessing
    antispasmodic action, prescribed for problems with organs
    abdominal cavity (chronic spastic colitis) and in case of
    chronic coronary insufficiency arising as a consequence
    atherosclerotic processes in the coronary arteries. However, for
    elimination of acute attacks of angina pectoris, the drug is not intended.The effect of Anetin comes slowly: when taken 0.1 g three times
    per day – for 0.5-1 weeks. Among medicinal analogues
    of this herbal extract is called Pastinacin and the resulting
    from carrot seeds Daucarin.
  • Complex preparation “Solutan”. Add to
    of this medicinal product intended to treat
    and bronchial asthma, dill oil is included.
  • Dill essential oil. Essential Oil Composition
    from different brands may vary, but almost all manufacturers
    recommend it to relieve symptoms of acute catarrhal bronchitis,
    correcting digestive problems, normalizing painful
    menstruation, elimination of renal colic
    and gas production disorders with recurrent discomfort in
    upper abdomen (dyspepsia). In addition, it is positioned
    as bile and diuretic.
In traditional medicine

The concept of dill in folk medicine has evolved
over time.In ancient times, it was believed that dill and in the form
raw herbs, and in the form of specially prepared concentrates (decoctions,
infusions, oil extracts) is able to open blockages of organs,
dissolve internal tumors, eliminate pathological conditions,
associated with an increase in phlegm, save from poisoning (in combination
with honey),
relieve stomach weakness and restore bowel function.
But since different parts of the plant in one preparation or another
had, respectively, and different pharmacological effects,
Gradually, priorities in the use of “derivatives”

  • Healing herb was included in the recipes for drugs for liver diseases
    and spleen, they treated shortness of breath, drove urine, stimulated menstruation,
    removed the hiccups.The crushed fresh grass “pulled out” the abscesses (brought
    them before ripening).
  • Plant juice increased lactation, relieved ear pains (by
    instillation into the ear opening), treated sciatica,
    provoked vomiting.
  • Dill oil (topically) removed tumors of the extremities and “softened
    members “, used as a warming and soporific agent.
  • Dill decoction was used to treat kidneys, intestines, urinary
    bladder (including urolithiasis), cessation of nausea
    and “semen excretion”.
  • Plant ash was applied to the affected areas to get rid of
    from wounds, abrasions, hemorrhoidal cracks.
  • Baths of dill broth relieved of the problems of the genitourinary sphere:
    diseases of the testicles and uterus, the appearance of “winds” in the bladder
    and kidneys.
  • Roasted seeds in powder form were applied to wet wounds,
    and boiled in honey until thick – to the perineum to remove feces

A significant part of these ideas about the medicinal properties of dill
survived in modern folk medicine. Dill still
actively used for flatulence and digestive disorders, often
use a diuretic effect to relieve swelling,
diseases of the kidneys and bladder. And the essential oil of seeds is in demand
when relieving spasms in the intestines and helping to eliminate colic.

Less common, but also widely practiced
in folk medicine, dill treatment of benign hyperplasia
prostate gland, mental disorders, diseases of the upper
respiratory tract, lactation disorders in nursing mothers.Ointment
based on dill seeds are sometimes used to remove lice, and
broth – to relieve itching on the skin with allergies.

Decoctions, infusions and oil extracts

For the treatment of the above diseases in traditional medicine,
as a rule, decoctions and infusions of dill seeds are used. Here are the
examples of some of them:

  • Tea for lactation. Dill seeds (1 tbsp.
    l.) are crushed in a coffee grinder, poured with boiling water (1 l) and
    5 minutes are put on low heat.Before drinking a drink
    filtered and cooled. It is taken one hour before feeding.
    child 5-6 times a day. Alternatively, you can prepare
    “Tea” from seeds (1 tsp), filled with boiling water (250 ml) and infused
    in this form 2 hours before cooling.
  • Decoction for cystitis.
    Seeds (2 tsp) are filled with water (250 ml) and boiled for 20 minutes
    over low heat. After straining, the broth is drunk 5 times a day.
    throughout the week as an auxiliary (to the main therapy)
  • Infusion for hypertension.
    “Young” seeds (1 tsp) are poured with boiling water (300 ml) and infused
    within 3-4 hours. The infusion is taken as an additional remedy.
    to relieve pressure after consultation with your doctor.

Greens of the plant are also often used in the preparation of concentrates.
For example, decoction from stones is prepared from fresh
dill herbs (50 g), boiled in 250 ml of water for 5 minutes.

With the help of boiling and infusion at home, they prepare
and “ dill water “.

  • Method No. 1. Seeds (1 tsp) are poured with boiling water (200
    ml) are covered and infused for an hour. Take the infusion
    after gauze filtering and cooling (under sterile conditions)
    to room temperature.
  • Method No. 2. Seeds (1 tsp) and water (200 ml) are installed
    in a water bath for half an hour, and then in strained and chilled
    infusion is added another 50 ml of boiled water.

To obtain dill oil can also be used
different methods.

  • Method No. 1. Dill juice and olive oil taken in
    equal proportions, put on low heat until evaporated
  • Method No. 2. Fresh dill is dipped in olive
    oil and soak in sunlight until the grass
    will not lose color. After filtering this portion of the infusion, the cycle
    repeat with a new bunch of greens.Ready to use oil
    counts after 3-5 repetitions.
In oriental medicine

Traditional Indian Traditional Medicine System – Ayurveda –
describes dill seeds mainly as gastric (with
discomfort in the abdomen, colic, indigestion, ulcers),
wind and diuretic with ancient traditions of use.
But in some sources, as indications for the use of dill
eye diseases, pain in the uterus, rheumatism are mentioned.For example,
one classic work recommends a paste for external use
from shatapushpa (fragrant dill), linseed
seed and castor bean seeds, pounded with milk, and prescribed
for rheumatic pains and swelling of the joints. And in another work
dill is seen as toning, rejuvenating and stimulating
intelligence is the grass.

There is evidence that dill has been used for centuries
in Asian medicine for diabetes
and cardiovascular disease.Dill fruits are still in demand today
in traditional Chinese medicine as a biologically active agent
to control the state of “dense” organs (heart, spleen,
liver, kidneys, lungs) and the conducting system.

In scientific research

Dill is a very popular object among researchers. Herb and essential
green and seed oils are constantly being studied for their use
in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, epilepsy,
liver diseases (including carcinoma), fungal diseases, some
pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.The healing effect is not always equally pronounced,
but very often dill concentrates, according to research results,
look promising raw materials for the creation of effective drugs
from these diseases.

  • Specially selected doses of hydroalcoholic extract
    dill leaves have a protective effect on the dentate gyrus
    hippocampus in epileptic mice. [12]

In this experiment, 40 mice were divided into 4 equal groups.V
three groups of mice received dill leaf extract for 21 days
in the amount of 250, 500, 750 mg / kg, respectively, and in the fourth (control)
– phosphate-saline solution. As a result of the study of the excised
hippocampus, it was found that in mice in the group receiving
extract in a volume of 500 mg / kg, there was a significantly higher amount
healthy neuronal cells in the dentate gyrus than in animals
from other groups. In addition, there was a significantly lower number of caspase-3-positive
cells that play an important role in inflammatory processes,
necrosis and programmed cell death.Moreover, all epileptic
mice treated with dill extract, the number of healthy neuronal
cells were higher than in animals from the control group.

  • Dill essential oil showed a pronounced
    antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus. [13]

The species Aspergillus flavus produces organic compounds
(aflatoxins), which can cause kidney and liver damage, allergic
bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and some other diseases
lungs.The study looked at the effects of dill oil
at different concentrations on the plasma membrane and mitochondria
fungus, as a result of which a significant antifungal
extract activity. The mechanism of antifungal action was
due to the ability of dill oil to destroy the permeability barrier
plasma membrane and the creation of mitochondrial dysfunction
due to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species.

  • Dill essential oil demonstrates anti-cancer
    potential for the HepG2 cell line – hepatocellular
    person. [14]

HepG2 cell line is widely used for tissue engineering testing
materials and research. In this work was not only
analysis of the effect of dill essential oil on HepG2 cells,
but identified the main anti-cancer constituents of the oil, as well as
their optimal concentration required to reduce the viability
and inhibition of the growth of malignant tumor cells after 24-hour
exposure to oil concentrates.During the work, it was
identified 20 active components in dill oil (mainly
carvone, dillapol, dihydrocarvone-2 and dihydrocarvone-1) and confirmed
the assumption that the essential oil of dill causes the arrest of the cellular
cycle (in the pre-G1 and G2 / M phases) and apoptosis of carcinoma cells.

  • Scientists are considering the possibility of using plant
    dill extract in products with a contraceptive effect.

A group of scientists conducted a series of studies that spanned several
years in which dill seed extract was exposed to
female laboratory rats.First, scientists established the very fact of influence
water and ethanol extracts on the reproductive function of females.
Then we studied which fractions of dill extract are capable of causing
infertility in animals. [15]
And, finally, we tried to establish the mechanism of occurrence of the effect
infertility, tracing the changes occurring in the egg of the experimental.

In the last part of the study, an experiment was performed with 59
adult female rats, which were divided into 3 groups: the first
for 10 days received low doses of the extract, the second – high
dose, the third – the control – did not receive the extract.As a result
it was concluded that an aqueous extract of dill seeds as in
low and high doses increased the duration of estrous
cycle, progesterone concentration and caused infertility without any
significant adverse impacts on development potential
oocyte, without leading to its structural or chemical changes. [16]


The effectiveness of the effect of an aqueous extract of dill seeds on the rate
weight loss was tested in a laboratory study
overweight rats.Scientists have added for five weeks
extract for food of animals, which by the end of the experiment significantly
“Built”. Researchers speculate that the effect was related
with an increase in the level of serotonin (5-HT), its metabolite (5-hydroxyindoleacetic
acid) and tryptophan in the brain and plasma of experimental animals.
Elevated 5-HT levels made subjects feel full.
faster, suppressing the urge to overeat, which ultimately led
to reduce body weight. [17]

The calorie content of dill is very insignificant – only 40-45 kcal / 100
g of fresh herbs – and it is readily added to various dietary
slimming and drying programs using,
among other things, the diuretic properties of the herb. In this case, the effect of getting rid
from extra pounds is also created due to the fact that dill
in the diet reduces the need for salt, which retains water
in organism.


After the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
of the year English journalists commenting on culinary specialties
cuisine of the host country, noted the excessive, in their opinion, the presence of
dill in many dishes, which is why the main ingredients taste
lost behind the taste of a bitter-spicy herb.From the reasoning of journalists
it followed that, although they know about dill in Europe, with such wide popularity,
as in the countries of the post-Soviet space, he is still not there

Meanwhile, the tradition of using dill greens as
spices on the European part of the continent were known back in the days
Ancient Greece. Then the fragrant herb was “inherited”
Romans and with the expansion of the Roman Empire spread far
to the north as early as the first millennium AD.

Today, aromatic herb is used not only for imparting
spicy smell of various products and dishes – salty and pickled
and tomatoes,
salads, sauces, soups, boiled and fried meat, fish. Dill
in the workpieces also plays the role of a preservative, since it is capable of
protect food from mold, inhibit the growth of colonies of such bacteria,
like staphylococcus, streptococcus, E. coli, and some representatives
kind of pseudomonads.In Germany, thanks to the widespread use of dill
in canning, it is even called “cucumber herb.”

During cooking, dill seeds reveal their aroma better when heated.
processing, so they are put at the beginning of the process, and fresh herbs
to preserve the smell, they are usually added at the end. Recommended
the daily intake of dill grass is about 25-30 grams
per day, and the maximum allowable is 80-100 grams.

Dill in the flowering or fruiting phases is considered an important component
sour vinegar.Dried herb leaves are sometimes added to tea
to add a spicy touch. And some manufacturers of fermented milk
products began to produce kefir and dill-flavored starter culture and
cucumber. Marketers are said to have targeted this product in
first of all, on men, relying on the fact that a hangover morning
he can replace the pickle.

At the same time, dill is also popular among the people.
– drinking 38-40-degree tincture.For its preparation at home
conditions use plant umbrellas (inflorescences with seeds). Fresh cut
raw materials give the drink a weaker aroma and greenish color, and dried
– adds a yellow hue and provides a richer flavor
and smell.

To prepare a 0.5 liter tincture, you will need two
dill umbrella with seed and stems. Lovers of harsh tastes
additionally put garlic in a jar, lovers of soft – honey or
sugar.The tincture is kept unopened in warm and dark
place from 4 to 7 days, although the exact time depends on the initial characteristics
raw materials.

In cosmetology

In skin care cosmetics, dill is mainly used as
antiseptic agent and as an ingredient with pronounced whitening

In a recent study (2019), scientists tested the ability
dill extracts (and some other plants) demonstrate the effects of
whitening the skin.Scientists became interested in dill thanks to the active
biosynthesis in it umbelliprenin (umbelliprenin), which used to
has already proven its potential in experimental whitening treatments
skin. Scientists were faced with the task of choosing the best solvent
for the maximum yield of umbelliprenine (it turned out to be EtOH – ethyl
alcohol), and find the best proportion to demonstrate the effect on cells
laboratory mice. Plant extracts in this study
have confirmed their effectiveness comparable to the effectiveness
synthesized substance. [18]

At home, you can also prepare a whitening mask
with the addition of dill greens. This requires dill juice.
(2 tbsp. L.), Cucumber pulp-gruel (2 tbsp. L.), And raw yolk
eggs (1 pc.). The components must be mixed and applied to the skin for
quarter of an hour. In combination with egg and lemon, dill is used
also in tightening masks, and in combination with sour cream – in masks
to eliminate fine wrinkles and moisturize the skin.

In the last decade, cosmetic
ice from plant seeds. First, dill seeds (20 g) are poured
boiling water (250 ml) and infused for 30 minutes. And then
when cooled down, they are poured into ice cube trays and frozen
in the freezer. Such ice cubes to improve blood circulation
and prevention of acne rashes, you can wipe your face in the morning,
and in the evening.

In the cosmetic industry, seed and herb extracts are used to prepare
also perfume and cosmetic compositions that are introduced into
creams, toilet waters, toothpastes, etc.

We have collected the most important points about the benefits and possible dangers of dill
in this illustration and we will be very grateful if you share
a picture in social networks, with a link to our page:

The quality of dill before purchase can be determined by its appearance,
by smell and touch.

Sometimes the shelf life at room temperature is slightly extended
placing grass stalks in a glass of water, and umbrellas under a damp
and regularly moistened gauze.

For preparations for the winter, dill is dried. Better for this
young grass that has not yet thrown out the tubes with a seed umbrella. Collect
such plants to dry in the morning after the dew has evaporated. Covered
It is not recommended to cut greens for workpieces with dew or wet after rain,
since decay processes can begin in it. For the same reason
their “proven” dill “for drying” after cutting is often not
washed, but bought – it is better to rinse, shake off and blot with paper

Greens can be dried both in bundles and in crumbs. In the first
in the case of loosely connected bunches of 5-10 stems, they are suspended with leaves
down, creating conditions for good ventilation and shade. In the second
in the case, under similar conditions, the chopped grass is laid out in a thin
layer on plates or pallets. Such blanks can be covered with gauze.
to protect the dill from dust.

In a shorter period of time (up to 4 hours), the dill can be dried in the oven
on waxed paper.It is better to open the oven door at the same time.
for air circulation, and set the temperature not higher than 40 ° C for
preservation of the beneficial properties of the plant. Turn the stems over or
stir the chopped dill, preferably about every 30-40 minutes.

It is believed that dill was “born” in Southwest Asia. But some
experts call his homeland Southeast Europe. How would it be there
it was already In Ancient Egypt, Greece, India, people knew about dill
and as a seasoning, and as a medicine, and as a herb endowed with magical
properties.It was often used as a talisman, hanging
bunches of plants around the house to protect against dark forces. Unknown, helped
whether dill is from evil spirits and witchcraft, but from flies and moths the house is really

The insecticidal properties of dill are still used today. Plant even
enhances the insecticidal effect of other drugs that destroy harmful
insects. A pair of “coriander + dill”, planted side by side, also increases
effectiveness in pest control.However, to other plants
dill is not always friendly.

So, dill is considered a good “companion” for salad,
onions, cabbage
and corn,
and at a young age – for carrots.
But if you do not remove the dill from the carrots in time, it will begin to interfere
ripening of the root crop and will reduce the yield.

However, over the centuries-old history of the plant there were periods when dill
used not only for economic and medical purposes.So,
the antique poetess Sappho, with the smell of dill, inspired herself to write
lyric works and wedding songs. And her compatriots
directly used herbs as a fragrant element of bouquets
at wedding ceremonies. In ancient Rome, the tradition was developed at celebrations.
dill was woven in honor of the winners of sports competitions
in a premium wreath.

Modern people value the beauty of dill much less than the ancients, but
know more about its beneficial and medicinal properties.Moreover, scientific
discoveries of recent years give a chance to use dill in the fight
with very complex and intractable human diseases.

Attention! The information is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose and prescribe treatment. Always consult your specialist doctor!

The best varieties of dill for greens

Housewives use a variety of greens throughout the year. With its help, you can improve the taste of any dish.Dill is also used for such purposes. It is consumed fresh, dried for winter storage, frozen. But what varieties of dill for greens are best to grow in your garden?


The best early-maturing varieties

Dill is a fairly popular plant, which is cultivated in different parts of the country. It is planted in the beds, in boxes and placed on the windowsill. Dill is used as a fragrant herb to prepare a variety of dishes.In addition, it has medicinal properties, so it can improve health.

The most popular early maturing varieties are:

  • Gribovsky dill
  • Far dill
  • Aurora

Gribovsky dill. This type has gained immense popularity. It can be grown on a windowsill or planted in a vegetable garden. The variety does not require special weather conditions. You can harvest excellent greens even when it’s cold in summer. An important advantage is that such dill is not afraid of various diseases.It has an intense scent. The foliage turns dark green. The plant can grow up to a quarter of a meter in height. Sowing is recommended from April to July. You can do this more than once.

Far dill. This variety is perfect for those who want early greens that can be frozen, dried, salted and pickled. This dill is especially valuable for its high yield. After sowing, it will take 38 days for the outlet to appear.Her foliage is green and has a slight waxy bloom. For this variety, many diseases are not scary.

Aurora. This is a fairly new variety. After the formation of shoots, 25 days will pass, after which you can already feast on the greens. A dense rosette appears in the dill. The variety stands out for its juiciness and pleasant aroma. The bush is powerful, which has closely spaced internodes. This is an advantage as less dirt remains on the leaves after rainy weather. To get the earliest harvest, it is recommended to sow before winter.

The best mid-season varieties

In these varieties, the stems appear 5-10 days later when compared with the early types of dill. But more foliage is formed on the bushes, which increases the yield. Not only greens appear, but also umbrellas and seeds, which are used as seasonings. There are such popular varieties:

  • Forest dill
  • Abundant-leaved dill
  • Bushy dill

Forest dill. This variety is distinguished by the fact that in the autumn period greens can be harvested, despite the fact that the formation of seeds takes place.This dill brings a big harvest, it is not afraid of various diseases and pests.

Experts have found that this variety is distinguished by a high content of vitamin C. It should be noted that the foliage grows large and emits a pleasant aroma.

Abundant-leaved dill. This variety can be stored for a long time, stands out for the power of the bush, dark foliage. Dill is often grown for sale because of its good presentation. It is consumed fresh, salted and pickled.Many gardeners plant this variety more than once throughout the season.

Bushy dill. After the emergence of seedlings, it will take about 30-40 days, after which you can already cut off the greens. If a person wants to use it for spices, then it is worth waiting 70 days. Collecting greens can be done more than once. This variety is grown to produce a huge amount of greenery. The leaves have a delicate taste, they are juicy, and do not lose their taste even after drying.

The best late-ripening varieties

There are also varieties that do not have time to ripen during the summer period.But they stand out for the lush greenery, ideal for growing at home on a windowsill. The following varieties gained the greatest popularity:

  • Alligator
  • Kibray
  • Dill

Alligator. This variety is especially appreciated by domestic gardeners. It is recommended to grow it for those who wish to get a large harvest. This is due to the fact that you can pluck greens more than once during the entire season. The foliage has a bluish tone. The formation of umbrellas occurs at the end of the summer period.

Kibray. This variety has gained great popularity. It attracts with the breadth of its foliage that exudes an amazing scent. This dill forms a large rosette, which stretches up to 40 cm in height. The foliage is colored green and has a slight yellowing. In order for ripening to occur in a timely manner, it is necessary to do early planting, covering the bed with foil.

Dill. Holland is considered the homeland of this variety. But he has become in demand all over the world. The advantages of this dill are that the greens give off a pleasant aroma, fluffiness, and are easy to grow.This variety can grow in any conditions. Umbrella formation occurs late. For a long period, you can collect fragrant greens, since the dill does not outgrow quickly. The bush can stretch up to 1.5 m in height. Dill is used not only for food. It is used for decoration.

So, there are many varieties of dill. But, given the preferences of the gardener, you can make your choice.

Video about growing various varieties of dill:

Dill – growing dill in a greenhouse or open field

Of all the crops called by the simple word “greens”, dill can be called the most popular.It is an annual umbellate plant and is used both fresh and dried. It is an excellent preservative and a great addition to many dishes. And most importantly, it is quite easy to grow it both outdoors and in a greenhouse.

Dill seeds are harvested in late summer and early autumn. They are carefully dried and left until spring in a dry and cool place.

Like many other types of greens, dill, which seems to be easy to grow , contains a large amount of essential oils that prevent their germination.To simplify and speed up this process, they are soaked in water for two days before planting, renewing the water every eight hours. You can also perform bubbling, after which the seeds must be planted immediately in the soil.

Soil for dill

A significant advantage of dill is its absolute non-exactingness to the soil. It grows successfully both on sandy and clayey soils. However, hydroponic installations can achieve a considerable effect.To obtain a large harvest, the soil is fertilized with humus or spent mycelium from oyster mushrooms in the fall.

In terms of acidity, it is advisable to choose soils close to neutral, too alkaline soils can cause various diseases.

Growing conditions for dill

Dill is considered a cold-hardy, but light-loving plant. The optimum temperature for active growth is + 18 ° C, although it can germinate at a temperature of only + 5 ° C, albeit very slowly. And daylight hours should last at least 12-14 hours a day.

In terms of the amount of moisture consumption, like most home-grown greens, dill is quite picky. With insufficient watering and the amount of light, it can start releasing seeds too quickly, while reducing bushiness.

Growing dill in a greenhouse

To obtain a harvest of dill in the greenhouse, it is imperative to arrange additional lighting. The depth of the soil (planting capacity) should be at least 50 centimeters, since dill has rather long roots.The plant itself in the final stage of growth reaches about a meter in height and this point must also be taken into account.

Before planting, the soil is moistened and loosened, forming grooves 3-4 centimeters deep. The distance between the rows is 15-30 centimeters. The maximum distance is chosen when further seed production is expected.

Prepared seeds are poured onto the bottom of the grooves, with a sowing density of three grams of seeds per square meter of the plot. Then they are covered with a layer of soil and slightly moistened with a spray bottle.

Terms of seed germination from ten to fourteen days, subject to temperature conditions and watering. After the appearance of the third leaf, the dill is thinned out, replanting excess bushes in other containers and thus achieving the maximum yield. By the way, if you are growing greenhouse cucumbers in parallel, you can add a few extra branches to them.

Dill greenhouse beds are fertilized every two months. If you don’t like mineral fertilizers (nitrogen or saltpeter), spread a small amount of peat at the base of the dill bushes.

Growing dill in the open field

The choice of a site for dill is carried out on the basis of two factors: a sufficient amount of light and moisture.

Currently, there are two main methods of growing dill outdoors: sowing in winter and spring sowing. The first is carried out in the fall (October – November), and allows you to get the earliest harvest as soon as the snow melts and the earth warms up enough.

Sowing in winter has several features:

  • no seed steeping or bubbling is performed, since we do not need fast germination
  • before planting the soil is not moistened
  • seed planting depth doubles (about eight centimeters)
  • when freezing occurs, mulching is carried out with sawdust or straw, a layer of at least five centimeters

With the arrival of spring, the layer of mulch is put into compost, opening the surface of the soil and sprouting up for the penetration of light.

Planting seeds in the ground in spring, in turn, can be divided into several stages. So, for example, carrying out three plantings with an interval of two weeks, you will not only extend the harvest time, but also make it more productive.

Sowing in the ground is carried out to a depth of 1-2 centimeters. Before planting, the soil is thoroughly dug, loosened and moistened.

Quite often, dill is sown in the aisles of other crops. For example, among the ground tomatoes.

Unlike greenhouse , dill, which was grown in the open field, requires protection from weeds, diseases and pests.Particular attention should be paid to weeding early in growth. It, like watering, is carried out at least once a week.

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