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Does mint help nausea: Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy

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Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy

Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012 Nov; 14(11): 727–730.

Hajar Pasha

1Fatemeh Zahra Fertility and Infertility Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Fereshteh Behmanesh

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Farideh Mohsenzadeh

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Mahmood Hajahmadi

3Department of Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Ali Akbar Moghadamnia

4Department of Pharmacology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

1Fatemeh Zahra Fertility and Infertility Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

3Department of Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

4Department of Pharmacology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

*Corresponding author: Fereshteh Behmanesh, Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran. Tel.: +98-1112199592, Fax: +98-1112199936, E-mail: [email protected]

Received 2011 Nov 9; Revised 2012 Apr 3; Accepted 2012 Apr 17.

Copyright © 2013, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract

Background

Approximately 80 percent of pregnant women suffer by some degree of nausea and vomiting. But the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is rarely successful.

Objectives

The aim of this study was evaluation the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that its treatment in some recent research has been effective.

Materials and Methods

In this double blind RCT, 60 pregnant women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy were sampled and divided into two groups with Block-randomized method. mint group, in addition to giving the routine training, for four consecutive nights, before sleeping, a bowel of water whit four drops of pure mint essential oil placed on the floor near their beds and in control groups were used four drops of normal saline . The severity of nausea by using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and severity of vomiting by counting the number of its in 7 days prior, 4 days during, and 7 days after intervention were assessed.

Results

The results showed that the severity of nausea and vomiting did not differ between the two groups in 7days before and after intervention by using repeated measurement test. But during intervention, the severity of nausea showed a decreasing trend (especially in 4th night) in the mint and an increasing trend in the control group. The severity of nausea within 7 days after the intervention had a decreasing trend in both groups; however, the intensity was lower in the mint than saline group but not statically significant. No meaningful relationship has been detected during and after intervention for the intensity of vomiting.

Conclusions

The results of study showed that peppermint essential oil hasn’t the effect on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.

Keywords: Mentha piperita, Nausea, Vomiting, Aromatherapy

1. Background

Nausea and vomiting are among the common problems in the first half of pregnancy (1). Approximately %80 percent of women are influenced during pregnancy, along with significant impact on their quality of life (2, 3). The reason behind gestational nausea and vomiting is not still well defined (1). In spite of temporal relationship, there is no constant correlation between the severity of nausea and vomiting and increased level of chorionic gonadotropin; however, since conditions with high HCG level, such as molar and multiple pregnancies, are accompanied by higher rates of nausea and vomiting, (4) it seems that nausea is probably caused by increment in estrogen parallel to increase in gonadotropin level (1). Treatment of gestational nausea and vomiting is rarely so successful that the pregnant women could reach to a full recovery. The problem is somehow alleviated by measures such as trying to eat less in more servings, stop eating before satiety, and Nonetheless, vomiting is sometimes so severe that does not respond to treatments; in these cases, drugs such as vitamin B6 (5, 6), promethazine, and are used (1). These drugs are associated with side effects (7). In a study showed that 34% of women did not use drug treatment (vitamin B6), and 26% administered it less than the prescribed dose, and ascribed it to lack of trust in drug safety during pregnancy and the preference to non-medical approach (2). Application of complementary and alternative medicine is the major trend recently occurred in medical care that can even reduce plasma level of stress hormones (8). Although healing ingredients of essential oils are broadly used in medicine throughout the world (9), administration of herbal medicines is limited during pregnancy due to unawareness of their mechanisms of action and lack of randomized controlled trials in this field. Yet, the study showed that 85% of midwives recommend herbal remedies, regardless of their side effects, to pregnant women for treating gestational nausea and vomiting (10). Among the herbal medicines mentioned in recent researches to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, mint can be enumerated (11, 12).

2. Objectives

The present study has been carried out to evaluate the effect of mint oil on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

3. Materials and Methods

This double blind clinical trial was conducted, after getting approval by Ethics Committee of Babol University of Medical Sciences and permission for research implementation, on 60 pregnant women complaining of gestational nausea and vomiting sampled by the researcher from prenatal ward of seven selected health clinics based on inclusion (14-35 years, singleton gestation, first trimester pregnancy) and exclusion criteria; well-known underlying physical or psychological problems, dead embryo or fetus with diagnosed malformation, severe gestational nausea and vomiting, multiple gestations and hydatiform mole, and those applied other medication for nausea and vomiting were excluded from this study. Women intended to participate were given the informed consent and were randomly allocated to mint oil (n = 30) and normal saline (n = 30) groups (). In addition to receiving the routine training on diminishing gestational nausea, such as more meals and less food per meal, refraining from eating before reaching satiety, avoiding fatty and spicy foods, eating crackers or dry bread before getting up from sleep and keeping hydration (10), the mint group samples were assigned to use a bowl of water with 4 drops of pure mint oil (purchased from Kashan Barij Essence Company) placed on the floor near their beds for four consecutive nights before sleeping to lessen the morning sickness (13, 14). Despite the same instruction to the other group, the placebo samples were given a container with normal saline to use it according to the mentioned approach. It should be noted that both drug and placebo were pre-coded by the consultant pharmacist and were unknown to the researcher and the mother. Some mint oil was poured to inner parts of drug’s lid, so that mothers receiving the normal saline cannot be aware of being allocated to this group. The visual analog scale was used to assess the severity of nausea. This objective instrument includes a 10 cm line with areas with a definite beginning and the end and a specified range, on which patients determine their health status. Scores zero and ten are respectively indicative of the best and the worst condition. Nausea intensity-recording visual scale is a self-reporting measure, and since nausea is a sensation felt by patient, it is a highly appropriate technique for measuring the related intensity; in addition, perception and education of recording manner is easy for the study samples (15). To evaluate the severity of vomiting, the frequency of vomiting and retching was counted. Variables such as maternal age, gestational age, education, occupation, place of residence, and BMI were also assessed in terms of group matching. After getting the information, the data were analyzed through descriptive-analytical statistic by SPSS software. Demographic characteristics (i.e., Age, BMI, Gestational age educational level, Occupation, Place of residence) were summarized to characterize the study population. Statistical analyses were performed using t-test (i.e., mean of age, gestational age, BMI), Chi Square (i.e., educational level, Occupation, Place of residence), and repeated measurement (i.e., the severity of nausea before, during, and after intervention in the study groups, the severity of vomiting before, during, and after intervention in the study groups) to determine potentially significant associations, and a p value less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Flow Diagram of Participants Through each Stage of Randomized, Controlled Trial

4. Results

The results showed similarity between the two groups regarding the maternal age, gestational age, education, occupation, place of residence, and BMI. The minimum and the maximum ages were respectively 14 and 34 years old, 45% of participants were in the age range of 20-25 years. Most of the samples (25%) were in their 8 weeks of gestation ().

Table 1

Comparison of demographic characteristics between two groups of mint oil and normal saline

  Mint oil Normal saline P value
Age, Mean ± SD 24. 8 ± 3.56 25.1 ± 4.76 0.783
BMI, Mean ± SD 24.84 ± 2.99 25.54 ± 3.81 0.434
Gestational age, Mean ± SD 9.07 ± 1.31 9.73 ± 2.21 0.161
Education, No (%)     0.530
< High school 9 (30) 10 (33.3)  
High school 18 (60) 14 (46.7)  
University 30 (10) 6 (20)  
Occupation, No (%)     0. 646
Housekeeper 26 (86.7) 26 (86.7)  
Employed 4 (13.3) 4 (13.3)  
Place of residence, No (%)     0.602
Rental 15 (50) 15 (50)  
Personal 15 (50) 15 (50)  

Results showed similar intensity of nausea and vomiting from 7 days before the intervention. The mean of nausea and vomiting intensity was 4. 78 ± 1.62, 4.85 ± 1.82 and 3.00 ± 2.19, 2.52 ± 2.4 in mint and saline groups (P value = 0.865, 0.389).

In the first to fourth days of intervention, the severity of nausea showed a decreasing trend (especially in the fourth night) in the mint and an increasing tendency in the control group ().The mean of nausea intensity in mint and saline groups was 3.50 ± 1.95, 4.38 ± 2.18 (P value = 0.140).The mean of vomiting intensity within 4 days the intervention in mint and saline groups was 2.23 ± 1.88, 2.55 ± 2.55 (P value = 0.577).

The severity of nausea during the 4 days of intervention in normal saline and mint groups (4.30 ± 2.39, 3.59 ± 2.52)

It has also been observed that within 7 days after the intervention, severity of nausea had a decreasing trend in both groups; however, the intensity was lower in the mint than the control but not statistically significant .No meaningful relationship has been detected seven days after the intervention for the intensity of vomiting.

5. Discussion

According to findings of the present study, mint oil aromatherapy has not been effective in reducing gestational nausea and vomiting; although it led to decline in nausea intensity during the intervention in the mint group (especially on the fourth night) and after intervention in both groups (more in the mint group), the difference was not statistically meaningful, that it could be probably due to the small sample size used in the study.

Different results have been brought about by studies conducted on the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting. Some studies have suggested that aromatherapy can relieve nausea or vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy and also during the labor (9, 16, 17). Researches indicate an increasing percentage of mint administration and support it for relieving nausea and vomiting during pregnancy; in other studies, mint has been used to reduce the morning sickness during pregnancy in 41% of cases (18). However, owing to the use of other medications by patients for symptoms alleviation, no precise scientific connection was found between aromatherapy and nausea abatement (11, 19).

Other investigations have presented ineffectiveness of peppermint on gestational nausea and vomiting. In the same study showed that although ginger, mint and cannabis have been beneficial to treat nausea and vomiting caused by other conditions such as chemotherapy and surgery but only ginger was as the anti-nausea drug in pregnancy (20). Similar to the present study, mint has been ineffective on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in this research. Likewise, Anderson and colleagues (2004) has reported that peppermint oil has been effectively useful to reduce the severity of nausea after the surgery, in which mint was compared with isopropyl alcohol and placebo (saline), positive effects of aromatherapy have been suggested to be mainly associated to the controlled breathing than the aromatherapy itself since reducing effect of saline was similar to that of peppermint and alcohol (21).

On the other hand, Noureddini (2005) demonstrated that oral use of peppermint essential oil contributes to reversible reduction in gastric acid secretion in rats and, therefore, recommended it to patients with gastrointestinal problems (22). The reason behind such a controversy between the mentioned survey and the present research may be for types of the study samples used. Due to differences in the mechanisms existing in human and animals and, more importantly, dependence of nausea on psychological factors and individual condition, the same results cannot be observed in animal studies and human researches. Among the many limitation of the study, participants’ different responses to mint oil aromatherapy can be enumerated as it was very pleasant to some and disgusting to others. Basically, in aromatherapy, each patient needs to smell a particular odor based on his/her own social and psychological conditions and reacts to a specific aroma. Not measuring the hormones level plausibly affecting the gestational nausea and vomiting, such as estrogen, progesterone and HCG, was another constraint of the study; albeit, the probable effect of this limitation was tried to be declined through the measurement of nausea and vomiting 7 days prior to the intervention. Considering the decreasing trend of the intensity of nausea during the intervention, and lower rates of nausea 7 days after the intervention in the mint group, more precise findings can be achieved by further investigations and larger sample size.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to appreciate Research Deputy of Babol University of Medical Sciences for financially supporting the project, and all who sincerely cooperated in the study.

Footnotes

Funding/Support: None declared.

Financial Disclosure: None declared.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: This study is going to evaluate the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Please cite this paper as: Pasha H, Behmanesh F, Mohsenzadeh F, Hajahmadi M, Moghadamnia AA. Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy. Iran Red Cres Med J.2012;14(11):727-30. DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.3477

References

1. Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Rouse DJ, Spong CY. Prenatal Care. In: Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Gilstrap LC, Wenstrom KD, editors. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd Edition. McGraw-Hill; 2010. [Google Scholar]2. Baggley A, Navioz Y, Maltepe C, Koren G, Einarson A. Determinants of women’s decision making on whether to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy pharmacologically. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2004;49(9):350–4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2004.03.011. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]3. O’Brien B, Naber S. Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: effects on the quality of women’s lives. Birth. 1992;19(3):138–43. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.1992.tb00671.x. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]5. Ben-Aroya Z, Lurie S, Segal D, Hallak M, Glezerman M. Association of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with lower body mass index. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005;118(2):196–8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2004.04.026. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]6. Sahakian V, Rouse D, Sipes S, Rose N, Niebyl J. Vitamin B6 is effective therapy for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Obstet Gynecol. 1991;78(1):33–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]7. Gasiani SS. Iran Pharma-A comprehensive Test Book of Drug information. Tehran: Teimorzadeh; 2008. [Google Scholar]8. Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacognosy. London: Sunders; 2000. [Google Scholar]10. Wills G, Forster D. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: what advice do midwives give? Midwifery. 2008;24(4):390–8. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2007.05.002. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]11. Gilligan N. The palliation of nausea in hospice and palliative care patients with essential oils of Pimpinella anisum (aniseed), Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce (sweet fennel), Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) and Mentha x piperita (peppermint). Inte J Aromatherapy. 2005;15(4):163–7. [Google Scholar]12. Wilkinson JM. What do we know about herbal morning sickness treatments? A literature survey. Midwifery. 2000;16(3):224–8. doi: 10.1054/midw.1999.0209. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]15. Fazel N. [The effect of mint essence on gastrointestinal disorder after cesarean section] in Persian. Iran J Nurs. 2004;17(38):8–15. [Google Scholar]16. Burns EE, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Barnetson L, Lloyd AJ. An investigation into the use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice. J Altern Complement Med. 2000;6(2):141–7. doi: 10.1089/acm.2000.6.141. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]17. Pasha H, Ghazinejad N, Hosseinzade A. Evaluation of Aromatherapy on delivery process. J Gorgan Bouyeh Fac Nurs Midwife. 2009;6(15):62–8. [Google Scholar]18. Yeh HY, Chen YC, Chen FP, Chou LF, Chen TJ, Hwang SJ. Use of traditional Chinese medicine among pregnant women in Taiwan. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107(2):147–50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.07.024. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]19. Burns E, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Lloyd AJ, Barnetson L. The use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice an observational study. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2000;6(1):33–4. doi: 10.1054/ctnm.1999.0901. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]20. Westfall RE. Use of anti-emetic herbs in pregnancy: women’s choices, and the question of safety and efficacy. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004;10(1):30–6. doi: 10.1016/S1353-6117(03)00057-X. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]21. Anderson LA, Gross JB. Aromatherapy with peppermint, isopropyl alcohol, or placebo is equally effective in relieving postoperative nausea. J Perianesth Nurs. 2004;19(1):29–35. doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2003.11.001. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]22. Noureddini M. Evaluation of the effects of intragastric peppermint essential oil on the secretion of gastric acid in male rat. Feyz J Kashan Univ Med Scie. 2005;8(4) [Google Scholar]

Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy

Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012 Nov; 14(11): 727–730.

Hajar Pasha

1Fatemeh Zahra Fertility and Infertility Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Fereshteh Behmanesh

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Farideh Mohsenzadeh

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Mahmood Hajahmadi

3Department of Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Ali Akbar Moghadamnia

4Department of Pharmacology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

1Fatemeh Zahra Fertility and Infertility Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

3Department of Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

4Department of Pharmacology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

*Corresponding author: Fereshteh Behmanesh, Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran. Tel.: +98-1112199592, Fax: +98-1112199936, E-mail: [email protected]

Received 2011 Nov 9; Revised 2012 Apr 3; Accepted 2012 Apr 17.

Copyright © 2013, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract

Background

Approximately 80 percent of pregnant women suffer by some degree of nausea and vomiting. But the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is rarely successful.

Objectives

The aim of this study was evaluation the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that its treatment in some recent research has been effective.

Materials and Methods

In this double blind RCT, 60 pregnant women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy were sampled and divided into two groups with Block-randomized method. mint group, in addition to giving the routine training, for four consecutive nights, before sleeping, a bowel of water whit four drops of pure mint essential oil placed on the floor near their beds and in control groups were used four drops of normal saline . The severity of nausea by using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and severity of vomiting by counting the number of its in 7 days prior, 4 days during, and 7 days after intervention were assessed.

Results

The results showed that the severity of nausea and vomiting did not differ between the two groups in 7days before and after intervention by using repeated measurement test. But during intervention, the severity of nausea showed a decreasing trend (especially in 4th night) in the mint and an increasing trend in the control group. The severity of nausea within 7 days after the intervention had a decreasing trend in both groups; however, the intensity was lower in the mint than saline group but not statically significant. No meaningful relationship has been detected during and after intervention for the intensity of vomiting.

Conclusions

The results of study showed that peppermint essential oil hasn’t the effect on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.

Keywords: Mentha piperita, Nausea, Vomiting, Aromatherapy

1. Background

Nausea and vomiting are among the common problems in the first half of pregnancy (1). Approximately %80 percent of women are influenced during pregnancy, along with significant impact on their quality of life (2, 3). The reason behind gestational nausea and vomiting is not still well defined (1). In spite of temporal relationship, there is no constant correlation between the severity of nausea and vomiting and increased level of chorionic gonadotropin; however, since conditions with high HCG level, such as molar and multiple pregnancies, are accompanied by higher rates of nausea and vomiting, (4) it seems that nausea is probably caused by increment in estrogen parallel to increase in gonadotropin level (1). Treatment of gestational nausea and vomiting is rarely so successful that the pregnant women could reach to a full recovery. The problem is somehow alleviated by measures such as trying to eat less in more servings, stop eating before satiety, and Nonetheless, vomiting is sometimes so severe that does not respond to treatments; in these cases, drugs such as vitamin B6 (5, 6), promethazine, and are used (1). These drugs are associated with side effects (7). In a study showed that 34% of women did not use drug treatment (vitamin B6), and 26% administered it less than the prescribed dose, and ascribed it to lack of trust in drug safety during pregnancy and the preference to non-medical approach (2). Application of complementary and alternative medicine is the major trend recently occurred in medical care that can even reduce plasma level of stress hormones (8). Although healing ingredients of essential oils are broadly used in medicine throughout the world (9), administration of herbal medicines is limited during pregnancy due to unawareness of their mechanisms of action and lack of randomized controlled trials in this field. Yet, the study showed that 85% of midwives recommend herbal remedies, regardless of their side effects, to pregnant women for treating gestational nausea and vomiting (10). Among the herbal medicines mentioned in recent researches to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, mint can be enumerated (11, 12).

2. Objectives

The present study has been carried out to evaluate the effect of mint oil on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

3. Materials and Methods

This double blind clinical trial was conducted, after getting approval by Ethics Committee of Babol University of Medical Sciences and permission for research implementation, on 60 pregnant women complaining of gestational nausea and vomiting sampled by the researcher from prenatal ward of seven selected health clinics based on inclusion (14-35 years, singleton gestation, first trimester pregnancy) and exclusion criteria; well-known underlying physical or psychological problems, dead embryo or fetus with diagnosed malformation, severe gestational nausea and vomiting, multiple gestations and hydatiform mole, and those applied other medication for nausea and vomiting were excluded from this study. Women intended to participate were given the informed consent and were randomly allocated to mint oil (n = 30) and normal saline (n = 30) groups (). In addition to receiving the routine training on diminishing gestational nausea, such as more meals and less food per meal, refraining from eating before reaching satiety, avoiding fatty and spicy foods, eating crackers or dry bread before getting up from sleep and keeping hydration (10), the mint group samples were assigned to use a bowl of water with 4 drops of pure mint oil (purchased from Kashan Barij Essence Company) placed on the floor near their beds for four consecutive nights before sleeping to lessen the morning sickness (13, 14). Despite the same instruction to the other group, the placebo samples were given a container with normal saline to use it according to the mentioned approach. It should be noted that both drug and placebo were pre-coded by the consultant pharmacist and were unknown to the researcher and the mother. Some mint oil was poured to inner parts of drug’s lid, so that mothers receiving the normal saline cannot be aware of being allocated to this group. The visual analog scale was used to assess the severity of nausea. This objective instrument includes a 10 cm line with areas with a definite beginning and the end and a specified range, on which patients determine their health status. Scores zero and ten are respectively indicative of the best and the worst condition. Nausea intensity-recording visual scale is a self-reporting measure, and since nausea is a sensation felt by patient, it is a highly appropriate technique for measuring the related intensity; in addition, perception and education of recording manner is easy for the study samples (15). To evaluate the severity of vomiting, the frequency of vomiting and retching was counted. Variables such as maternal age, gestational age, education, occupation, place of residence, and BMI were also assessed in terms of group matching. After getting the information, the data were analyzed through descriptive-analytical statistic by SPSS software. Demographic characteristics (i.e., Age, BMI, Gestational age educational level, Occupation, Place of residence) were summarized to characterize the study population. Statistical analyses were performed using t-test (i.e., mean of age, gestational age, BMI), Chi Square (i.e., educational level, Occupation, Place of residence), and repeated measurement (i.e., the severity of nausea before, during, and after intervention in the study groups, the severity of vomiting before, during, and after intervention in the study groups) to determine potentially significant associations, and a p value less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Flow Diagram of Participants Through each Stage of Randomized, Controlled Trial

4. Results

The results showed similarity between the two groups regarding the maternal age, gestational age, education, occupation, place of residence, and BMI. The minimum and the maximum ages were respectively 14 and 34 years old, 45% of participants were in the age range of 20-25 years. Most of the samples (25%) were in their 8 weeks of gestation ().

Table 1

Comparison of demographic characteristics between two groups of mint oil and normal saline

  Mint oil Normal saline P value
Age, Mean ± SD 24. 8 ± 3.56 25.1 ± 4.76 0.783
BMI, Mean ± SD 24.84 ± 2.99 25.54 ± 3.81 0.434
Gestational age, Mean ± SD 9.07 ± 1.31 9.73 ± 2.21 0.161
Education, No (%)     0.530
< High school 9 (30) 10 (33.3)  
High school 18 (60) 14 (46.7)  
University 30 (10) 6 (20)  
Occupation, No (%)     0. 646
Housekeeper 26 (86.7) 26 (86.7)  
Employed 4 (13.3) 4 (13.3)  
Place of residence, No (%)     0.602
Rental 15 (50) 15 (50)  
Personal 15 (50) 15 (50)  

Results showed similar intensity of nausea and vomiting from 7 days before the intervention. The mean of nausea and vomiting intensity was 4. 78 ± 1.62, 4.85 ± 1.82 and 3.00 ± 2.19, 2.52 ± 2.4 in mint and saline groups (P value = 0.865, 0.389).

In the first to fourth days of intervention, the severity of nausea showed a decreasing trend (especially in the fourth night) in the mint and an increasing tendency in the control group ().The mean of nausea intensity in mint and saline groups was 3.50 ± 1.95, 4.38 ± 2.18 (P value = 0.140).The mean of vomiting intensity within 4 days the intervention in mint and saline groups was 2.23 ± 1.88, 2.55 ± 2.55 (P value = 0.577).

The severity of nausea during the 4 days of intervention in normal saline and mint groups (4.30 ± 2.39, 3.59 ± 2.52)

It has also been observed that within 7 days after the intervention, severity of nausea had a decreasing trend in both groups; however, the intensity was lower in the mint than the control but not statistically significant .No meaningful relationship has been detected seven days after the intervention for the intensity of vomiting.

5. Discussion

According to findings of the present study, mint oil aromatherapy has not been effective in reducing gestational nausea and vomiting; although it led to decline in nausea intensity during the intervention in the mint group (especially on the fourth night) and after intervention in both groups (more in the mint group), the difference was not statistically meaningful, that it could be probably due to the small sample size used in the study.

Different results have been brought about by studies conducted on the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting. Some studies have suggested that aromatherapy can relieve nausea or vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy and also during the labor (9, 16, 17). Researches indicate an increasing percentage of mint administration and support it for relieving nausea and vomiting during pregnancy; in other studies, mint has been used to reduce the morning sickness during pregnancy in 41% of cases (18). However, owing to the use of other medications by patients for symptoms alleviation, no precise scientific connection was found between aromatherapy and nausea abatement (11, 19).

Other investigations have presented ineffectiveness of peppermint on gestational nausea and vomiting. In the same study showed that although ginger, mint and cannabis have been beneficial to treat nausea and vomiting caused by other conditions such as chemotherapy and surgery but only ginger was as the anti-nausea drug in pregnancy (20). Similar to the present study, mint has been ineffective on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in this research. Likewise, Anderson and colleagues (2004) has reported that peppermint oil has been effectively useful to reduce the severity of nausea after the surgery, in which mint was compared with isopropyl alcohol and placebo (saline), positive effects of aromatherapy have been suggested to be mainly associated to the controlled breathing than the aromatherapy itself since reducing effect of saline was similar to that of peppermint and alcohol (21).

On the other hand, Noureddini (2005) demonstrated that oral use of peppermint essential oil contributes to reversible reduction in gastric acid secretion in rats and, therefore, recommended it to patients with gastrointestinal problems (22). The reason behind such a controversy between the mentioned survey and the present research may be for types of the study samples used. Due to differences in the mechanisms existing in human and animals and, more importantly, dependence of nausea on psychological factors and individual condition, the same results cannot be observed in animal studies and human researches. Among the many limitation of the study, participants’ different responses to mint oil aromatherapy can be enumerated as it was very pleasant to some and disgusting to others. Basically, in aromatherapy, each patient needs to smell a particular odor based on his/her own social and psychological conditions and reacts to a specific aroma. Not measuring the hormones level plausibly affecting the gestational nausea and vomiting, such as estrogen, progesterone and HCG, was another constraint of the study; albeit, the probable effect of this limitation was tried to be declined through the measurement of nausea and vomiting 7 days prior to the intervention. Considering the decreasing trend of the intensity of nausea during the intervention, and lower rates of nausea 7 days after the intervention in the mint group, more precise findings can be achieved by further investigations and larger sample size.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to appreciate Research Deputy of Babol University of Medical Sciences for financially supporting the project, and all who sincerely cooperated in the study.

Footnotes

Funding/Support: None declared.

Financial Disclosure: None declared.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: This study is going to evaluate the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Please cite this paper as: Pasha H, Behmanesh F, Mohsenzadeh F, Hajahmadi M, Moghadamnia AA. Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy. Iran Red Cres Med J.2012;14(11):727-30. DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.3477

References

1. Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Rouse DJ, Spong CY. Prenatal Care. In: Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Gilstrap LC, Wenstrom KD, editors. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd Edition. McGraw-Hill; 2010. [Google Scholar]2. Baggley A, Navioz Y, Maltepe C, Koren G, Einarson A. Determinants of women’s decision making on whether to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy pharmacologically. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2004;49(9):350–4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2004.03.011. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]3. O’Brien B, Naber S. Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: effects on the quality of women’s lives. Birth. 1992;19(3):138–43. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.1992.tb00671.x. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]5. Ben-Aroya Z, Lurie S, Segal D, Hallak M, Glezerman M. Association of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with lower body mass index. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005;118(2):196–8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2004.04.026. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]6. Sahakian V, Rouse D, Sipes S, Rose N, Niebyl J. Vitamin B6 is effective therapy for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Obstet Gynecol. 1991;78(1):33–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]7. Gasiani SS. Iran Pharma-A comprehensive Test Book of Drug information. Tehran: Teimorzadeh; 2008. [Google Scholar]8. Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacognosy. London: Sunders; 2000. [Google Scholar]10. Wills G, Forster D. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: what advice do midwives give? Midwifery. 2008;24(4):390–8. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2007.05.002. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]11. Gilligan N. The palliation of nausea in hospice and palliative care patients with essential oils of Pimpinella anisum (aniseed), Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce (sweet fennel), Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) and Mentha x piperita (peppermint). Inte J Aromatherapy. 2005;15(4):163–7. [Google Scholar]12. Wilkinson JM. What do we know about herbal morning sickness treatments? A literature survey. Midwifery. 2000;16(3):224–8. doi: 10.1054/midw.1999.0209. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]15. Fazel N. [The effect of mint essence on gastrointestinal disorder after cesarean section] in Persian. Iran J Nurs. 2004;17(38):8–15. [Google Scholar]16. Burns EE, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Barnetson L, Lloyd AJ. An investigation into the use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice. J Altern Complement Med. 2000;6(2):141–7. doi: 10.1089/acm.2000.6.141. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]17. Pasha H, Ghazinejad N, Hosseinzade A. Evaluation of Aromatherapy on delivery process. J Gorgan Bouyeh Fac Nurs Midwife. 2009;6(15):62–8. [Google Scholar]18. Yeh HY, Chen YC, Chen FP, Chou LF, Chen TJ, Hwang SJ. Use of traditional Chinese medicine among pregnant women in Taiwan. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107(2):147–50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.07.024. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]19. Burns E, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Lloyd AJ, Barnetson L. The use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice an observational study. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2000;6(1):33–4. doi: 10.1054/ctnm.1999.0901. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]20. Westfall RE. Use of anti-emetic herbs in pregnancy: women’s choices, and the question of safety and efficacy. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004;10(1):30–6. doi: 10.1016/S1353-6117(03)00057-X. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]21. Anderson LA, Gross JB. Aromatherapy with peppermint, isopropyl alcohol, or placebo is equally effective in relieving postoperative nausea. J Perianesth Nurs. 2004;19(1):29–35. doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2003.11.001. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]22. Noureddini M. Evaluation of the effects of intragastric peppermint essential oil on the secretion of gastric acid in male rat. Feyz J Kashan Univ Med Scie. 2005;8(4) [Google Scholar]

Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy

Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012 Nov; 14(11): 727–730.

Hajar Pasha

1Fatemeh Zahra Fertility and Infertility Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Fereshteh Behmanesh

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Farideh Mohsenzadeh

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Mahmood Hajahmadi

3Department of Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Ali Akbar Moghadamnia

4Department of Pharmacology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

1Fatemeh Zahra Fertility and Infertility Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

2Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

3Department of Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

4Department of Pharmacology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

*Corresponding author: Fereshteh Behmanesh, Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran. Tel.: +98-1112199592, Fax: +98-1112199936, E-mail: [email protected]

Received 2011 Nov 9; Revised 2012 Apr 3; Accepted 2012 Apr 17.

Copyright © 2013, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract

Background

Approximately 80 percent of pregnant women suffer by some degree of nausea and vomiting. But the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is rarely successful.

Objectives

The aim of this study was evaluation the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that its treatment in some recent research has been effective.

Materials and Methods

In this double blind RCT, 60 pregnant women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy were sampled and divided into two groups with Block-randomized method. mint group, in addition to giving the routine training, for four consecutive nights, before sleeping, a bowel of water whit four drops of pure mint essential oil placed on the floor near their beds and in control groups were used four drops of normal saline . The severity of nausea by using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and severity of vomiting by counting the number of its in 7 days prior, 4 days during, and 7 days after intervention were assessed.

Results

The results showed that the severity of nausea and vomiting did not differ between the two groups in 7days before and after intervention by using repeated measurement test. But during intervention, the severity of nausea showed a decreasing trend (especially in 4th night) in the mint and an increasing trend in the control group. The severity of nausea within 7 days after the intervention had a decreasing trend in both groups; however, the intensity was lower in the mint than saline group but not statically significant. No meaningful relationship has been detected during and after intervention for the intensity of vomiting.

Conclusions

The results of study showed that peppermint essential oil hasn’t the effect on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.

Keywords: Mentha piperita, Nausea, Vomiting, Aromatherapy

1. Background

Nausea and vomiting are among the common problems in the first half of pregnancy (1). Approximately %80 percent of women are influenced during pregnancy, along with significant impact on their quality of life (2, 3). The reason behind gestational nausea and vomiting is not still well defined (1). In spite of temporal relationship, there is no constant correlation between the severity of nausea and vomiting and increased level of chorionic gonadotropin; however, since conditions with high HCG level, such as molar and multiple pregnancies, are accompanied by higher rates of nausea and vomiting, (4) it seems that nausea is probably caused by increment in estrogen parallel to increase in gonadotropin level (1). Treatment of gestational nausea and vomiting is rarely so successful that the pregnant women could reach to a full recovery. The problem is somehow alleviated by measures such as trying to eat less in more servings, stop eating before satiety, and Nonetheless, vomiting is sometimes so severe that does not respond to treatments; in these cases, drugs such as vitamin B6 (5, 6), promethazine, and are used (1). These drugs are associated with side effects (7). In a study showed that 34% of women did not use drug treatment (vitamin B6), and 26% administered it less than the prescribed dose, and ascribed it to lack of trust in drug safety during pregnancy and the preference to non-medical approach (2). Application of complementary and alternative medicine is the major trend recently occurred in medical care that can even reduce plasma level of stress hormones (8). Although healing ingredients of essential oils are broadly used in medicine throughout the world (9), administration of herbal medicines is limited during pregnancy due to unawareness of their mechanisms of action and lack of randomized controlled trials in this field. Yet, the study showed that 85% of midwives recommend herbal remedies, regardless of their side effects, to pregnant women for treating gestational nausea and vomiting (10). Among the herbal medicines mentioned in recent researches to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, mint can be enumerated (11, 12).

2. Objectives

The present study has been carried out to evaluate the effect of mint oil on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

3. Materials and Methods

This double blind clinical trial was conducted, after getting approval by Ethics Committee of Babol University of Medical Sciences and permission for research implementation, on 60 pregnant women complaining of gestational nausea and vomiting sampled by the researcher from prenatal ward of seven selected health clinics based on inclusion (14-35 years, singleton gestation, first trimester pregnancy) and exclusion criteria; well-known underlying physical or psychological problems, dead embryo or fetus with diagnosed malformation, severe gestational nausea and vomiting, multiple gestations and hydatiform mole, and those applied other medication for nausea and vomiting were excluded from this study. Women intended to participate were given the informed consent and were randomly allocated to mint oil (n = 30) and normal saline (n = 30) groups (). In addition to receiving the routine training on diminishing gestational nausea, such as more meals and less food per meal, refraining from eating before reaching satiety, avoiding fatty and spicy foods, eating crackers or dry bread before getting up from sleep and keeping hydration (10), the mint group samples were assigned to use a bowl of water with 4 drops of pure mint oil (purchased from Kashan Barij Essence Company) placed on the floor near their beds for four consecutive nights before sleeping to lessen the morning sickness (13, 14). Despite the same instruction to the other group, the placebo samples were given a container with normal saline to use it according to the mentioned approach. It should be noted that both drug and placebo were pre-coded by the consultant pharmacist and were unknown to the researcher and the mother. Some mint oil was poured to inner parts of drug’s lid, so that mothers receiving the normal saline cannot be aware of being allocated to this group. The visual analog scale was used to assess the severity of nausea. This objective instrument includes a 10 cm line with areas with a definite beginning and the end and a specified range, on which patients determine their health status. Scores zero and ten are respectively indicative of the best and the worst condition. Nausea intensity-recording visual scale is a self-reporting measure, and since nausea is a sensation felt by patient, it is a highly appropriate technique for measuring the related intensity; in addition, perception and education of recording manner is easy for the study samples (15). To evaluate the severity of vomiting, the frequency of vomiting and retching was counted. Variables such as maternal age, gestational age, education, occupation, place of residence, and BMI were also assessed in terms of group matching. After getting the information, the data were analyzed through descriptive-analytical statistic by SPSS software. Demographic characteristics (i.e., Age, BMI, Gestational age educational level, Occupation, Place of residence) were summarized to characterize the study population. Statistical analyses were performed using t-test (i.e., mean of age, gestational age, BMI), Chi Square (i.e., educational level, Occupation, Place of residence), and repeated measurement (i.e., the severity of nausea before, during, and after intervention in the study groups, the severity of vomiting before, during, and after intervention in the study groups) to determine potentially significant associations, and a p value less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Flow Diagram of Participants Through each Stage of Randomized, Controlled Trial

4. Results

The results showed similarity between the two groups regarding the maternal age, gestational age, education, occupation, place of residence, and BMI. The minimum and the maximum ages were respectively 14 and 34 years old, 45% of participants were in the age range of 20-25 years. Most of the samples (25%) were in their 8 weeks of gestation ().

Table 1

Comparison of demographic characteristics between two groups of mint oil and normal saline

  Mint oil Normal saline P value
Age, Mean ± SD 24. 8 ± 3.56 25.1 ± 4.76 0.783
BMI, Mean ± SD 24.84 ± 2.99 25.54 ± 3.81 0.434
Gestational age, Mean ± SD 9.07 ± 1.31 9.73 ± 2.21 0.161
Education, No (%)     0.530
< High school 9 (30) 10 (33.3)  
High school 18 (60) 14 (46.7)  
University 30 (10) 6 (20)  
Occupation, No (%)     0. 646
Housekeeper 26 (86.7) 26 (86.7)  
Employed 4 (13.3) 4 (13.3)  
Place of residence, No (%)     0.602
Rental 15 (50) 15 (50)  
Personal 15 (50) 15 (50)  

Results showed similar intensity of nausea and vomiting from 7 days before the intervention. The mean of nausea and vomiting intensity was 4. 78 ± 1.62, 4.85 ± 1.82 and 3.00 ± 2.19, 2.52 ± 2.4 in mint and saline groups (P value = 0.865, 0.389).

In the first to fourth days of intervention, the severity of nausea showed a decreasing trend (especially in the fourth night) in the mint and an increasing tendency in the control group ().The mean of nausea intensity in mint and saline groups was 3.50 ± 1.95, 4.38 ± 2.18 (P value = 0.140).The mean of vomiting intensity within 4 days the intervention in mint and saline groups was 2.23 ± 1.88, 2.55 ± 2.55 (P value = 0.577).

The severity of nausea during the 4 days of intervention in normal saline and mint groups (4.30 ± 2.39, 3.59 ± 2.52)

It has also been observed that within 7 days after the intervention, severity of nausea had a decreasing trend in both groups; however, the intensity was lower in the mint than the control but not statistically significant .No meaningful relationship has been detected seven days after the intervention for the intensity of vomiting.

5. Discussion

According to findings of the present study, mint oil aromatherapy has not been effective in reducing gestational nausea and vomiting; although it led to decline in nausea intensity during the intervention in the mint group (especially on the fourth night) and after intervention in both groups (more in the mint group), the difference was not statistically meaningful, that it could be probably due to the small sample size used in the study.

Different results have been brought about by studies conducted on the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting. Some studies have suggested that aromatherapy can relieve nausea or vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy and also during the labor (9, 16, 17). Researches indicate an increasing percentage of mint administration and support it for relieving nausea and vomiting during pregnancy; in other studies, mint has been used to reduce the morning sickness during pregnancy in 41% of cases (18). However, owing to the use of other medications by patients for symptoms alleviation, no precise scientific connection was found between aromatherapy and nausea abatement (11, 19).

Other investigations have presented ineffectiveness of peppermint on gestational nausea and vomiting. In the same study showed that although ginger, mint and cannabis have been beneficial to treat nausea and vomiting caused by other conditions such as chemotherapy and surgery but only ginger was as the anti-nausea drug in pregnancy (20). Similar to the present study, mint has been ineffective on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in this research. Likewise, Anderson and colleagues (2004) has reported that peppermint oil has been effectively useful to reduce the severity of nausea after the surgery, in which mint was compared with isopropyl alcohol and placebo (saline), positive effects of aromatherapy have been suggested to be mainly associated to the controlled breathing than the aromatherapy itself since reducing effect of saline was similar to that of peppermint and alcohol (21).

On the other hand, Noureddini (2005) demonstrated that oral use of peppermint essential oil contributes to reversible reduction in gastric acid secretion in rats and, therefore, recommended it to patients with gastrointestinal problems (22). The reason behind such a controversy between the mentioned survey and the present research may be for types of the study samples used. Due to differences in the mechanisms existing in human and animals and, more importantly, dependence of nausea on psychological factors and individual condition, the same results cannot be observed in animal studies and human researches. Among the many limitation of the study, participants’ different responses to mint oil aromatherapy can be enumerated as it was very pleasant to some and disgusting to others. Basically, in aromatherapy, each patient needs to smell a particular odor based on his/her own social and psychological conditions and reacts to a specific aroma. Not measuring the hormones level plausibly affecting the gestational nausea and vomiting, such as estrogen, progesterone and HCG, was another constraint of the study; albeit, the probable effect of this limitation was tried to be declined through the measurement of nausea and vomiting 7 days prior to the intervention. Considering the decreasing trend of the intensity of nausea during the intervention, and lower rates of nausea 7 days after the intervention in the mint group, more precise findings can be achieved by further investigations and larger sample size.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to appreciate Research Deputy of Babol University of Medical Sciences for financially supporting the project, and all who sincerely cooperated in the study.

Footnotes

Funding/Support: None declared.

Financial Disclosure: None declared.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: This study is going to evaluate the effect of mint on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Please cite this paper as: Pasha H, Behmanesh F, Mohsenzadeh F, Hajahmadi M, Moghadamnia AA. Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy. Iran Red Cres Med J.2012;14(11):727-30. DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.3477

References

1. Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Rouse DJ, Spong CY. Prenatal Care. In: Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Gilstrap LC, Wenstrom KD, editors. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd Edition. McGraw-Hill; 2010. [Google Scholar]2. Baggley A, Navioz Y, Maltepe C, Koren G, Einarson A. Determinants of women’s decision making on whether to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy pharmacologically. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2004;49(9):350–4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2004.03.011. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]3. O’Brien B, Naber S. Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: effects on the quality of women’s lives. Birth. 1992;19(3):138–43. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.1992.tb00671.x. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]5. Ben-Aroya Z, Lurie S, Segal D, Hallak M, Glezerman M. Association of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with lower body mass index. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005;118(2):196–8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2004.04.026. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]6. Sahakian V, Rouse D, Sipes S, Rose N, Niebyl J. Vitamin B6 is effective therapy for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Obstet Gynecol. 1991;78(1):33–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]7. Gasiani SS. Iran Pharma-A comprehensive Test Book of Drug information. Tehran: Teimorzadeh; 2008. [Google Scholar]8. Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacognosy. London: Sunders; 2000. [Google Scholar]10. Wills G, Forster D. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: what advice do midwives give? Midwifery. 2008;24(4):390–8. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2007.05.002. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]11. Gilligan N. The palliation of nausea in hospice and palliative care patients with essential oils of Pimpinella anisum (aniseed), Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce (sweet fennel), Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) and Mentha x piperita (peppermint). Inte J Aromatherapy. 2005;15(4):163–7. [Google Scholar]12. Wilkinson JM. What do we know about herbal morning sickness treatments? A literature survey. Midwifery. 2000;16(3):224–8. doi: 10.1054/midw.1999.0209. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]15. Fazel N. [The effect of mint essence on gastrointestinal disorder after cesarean section] in Persian. Iran J Nurs. 2004;17(38):8–15. [Google Scholar]16. Burns EE, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Barnetson L, Lloyd AJ. An investigation into the use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice. J Altern Complement Med. 2000;6(2):141–7. doi: 10.1089/acm.2000.6.141. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]17. Pasha H, Ghazinejad N, Hosseinzade A. Evaluation of Aromatherapy on delivery process. J Gorgan Bouyeh Fac Nurs Midwife. 2009;6(15):62–8. [Google Scholar]18. Yeh HY, Chen YC, Chen FP, Chou LF, Chen TJ, Hwang SJ. Use of traditional Chinese medicine among pregnant women in Taiwan. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107(2):147–50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.07.024. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]19. Burns E, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Lloyd AJ, Barnetson L. The use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice an observational study. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2000;6(1):33–4. doi: 10.1054/ctnm.1999.0901. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]20. Westfall RE. Use of anti-emetic herbs in pregnancy: women’s choices, and the question of safety and efficacy. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004;10(1):30–6. doi: 10.1016/S1353-6117(03)00057-X. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]21. Anderson LA, Gross JB. Aromatherapy with peppermint, isopropyl alcohol, or placebo is equally effective in relieving postoperative nausea. J Perianesth Nurs. 2004;19(1):29–35. doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2003.11.001. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]22. Noureddini M. Evaluation of the effects of intragastric peppermint essential oil on the secretion of gastric acid in male rat. Feyz J Kashan Univ Med Scie. 2005;8(4) [Google Scholar]

6 Natural Home Remedies to Get Rid of Nausea

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Nausea refers to feelings of queasiness — often with the urge to vomit. Symptoms of nausea include sweating, a rush of saliva in the mouth, fatigue, and loss of appetite. 

While it’s often associated with acid reflux and over-eating, nausea can also occur during pregnancy, with motion sickness, or as a side effect of other medical disorders or common illnesses. 

There are many anti-nausea medications that can help with severe or persistent nausea. But if your nausea is mild or occasional, there are also a number of effective home remedies that can help relieve your symptoms naturally.  

1. Use ginger 

Ginger is an effective remedy for nausea, says Daniel Devine, MD, internal medicine doctor and geriatrician at Devine Concierge Medicine, a primary care practice in Philadelphia. 

That’s because ginger has anti-inflammatory properties, which can support digestion, and its compounds are also thought to speed up the process of stomach contents moving into the small intestine, which can reduce symptoms of nausea.  

A 2014 analysis of six different studies published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine examining the use of ginger in pregnancy found that taking about one gram of ginger once a day for at least five days decreased symptoms of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. Studies have also found that ginger can be effective in managing nausea and vomiting symptoms for chemotherapy patients. 

Ginger can be taken as a supplement, sold as capsules. You can also add pieces of whole, fresh ginger to your tea, or include it as a spice or seasoning in your food. 

2. Try peppermint

Peppermint has long been regarded as a traditional remedy for nausea, though the scientific evidence on its efficacy is not as robust as it is for ginger, Devine says. Still, many people swear by its calming properties. 

The main ingredient in peppermint, menthol, is thought to relax the stomach, which can alleviate cramping and nausea.

One small study from 2014 published in the Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing suggested that even the scent of peppermint oil can alleviate nausea, but more research is needed to determine whether it is an effective remedy. 

However, if you experience both nausea and vomiting, peppermint may not be very effective, since it is primarily used to treat nausea — and not episodes of vomiting.

If you want to give peppermint a try, you can buy it as a tea or diffuse peppermint essential oil for aromatherapy by adding two to three drops of peppermint oil to a diffuser filled with water. 

3. Eat smaller, bland meals

Eating too much can cause nausea, Devine says. That’s because when you eat too much, it stretches the stomach, resulting in bloating, heartburn, and excessive digestive movement — all of which can lead to nausea.  

Eating small, frequent meals and consuming a bland diet without strong flavors can be helpful in reducing episodes of nausea, Devine says. Bland foods are easy to digest and can help settle your stomach. 

Bland foods that can help with nausea include:

  • White bread or toast
  • Plain chicken 
  • Rice
  • Applesauce
  • Soup
  • Bananas
  • Saltine crackers

If you’re feeling queasy, you should avoid spicy food and acidic beverages like soda, juice, or alcohol — all of which can exacerbate nausea symptoms. You may even want to consider trying the BRAT diet when you feel nauseous. 

4. Stay hydrated 

It may be hard to eat or drink anything when you have nausea — including water. But according to Devine, dehydration will only make your nausea worse. 

This can be especially important if you’re experiencing nausea as a result of extreme heat or humidity. In fact, nausea and vomiting are some of the main symptoms of heat exhaustion and heatstroke. 

Overheating causes your blood vessels to dilate as your body tries to cool itself down — and this change in blood pressure can manifest as nausea or dizziness. But if you drink lots of water and stay hydrated, it will help you cool down and return to a normal body temperature. 

If drinking water is a challenge for you with nausea, you should take small sips throughout the day or try a soothing beverage like warm peppermint tea.

For more information, read about how much water you should be drinking each day to stay hydrated. 

5. Sit upright or lie down with your head propped

When you feel queasy, you might be tempted to lay down, but this actually isn’t the best idea. Lying flat while nauseous could lead to vomiting, Devine says. 

“It is important to use gravity to your advantage and keep your head inclined above your stomach,” Devine says. 

By staying upright, gravity helps keep your stomach contents down. Sitting down in an upright position — or lying down with your head propped up on a couple pillows — is the best choice if you’re hoping to relieve nausea.  

6. Practice acupressure 

Acupressure is an alternative medicine practice of applying pressure to certain points on the body, known as meridians. The idea is that by putting pressure on these places, you send a message to the body to turn on its self-healing mechanisms, which may alleviate pain or nausea. 

A 2006 review of more than 40 trials published in the journal Autonomic Neuroscience found that acupressure can reduce some symptoms of nausea.

One of the main pressure points for nausea is called the Pericardium 6, or Neiguan, located near your wrist. This pressure point is thought to alleviate nausea because the meridian pathway of this point travels up the arm, into the chest and upper abdomen, near the stomach.

Here’s how to locate P6 and use this pressure point: 

Locate P6 under your wrist.

Crystal Cox/Insider

  1. To access the P6 point, extend your arm out with your palm facing you. Place three fingers (pointer, middle and ring) from your opposite hand right under your wrist. 
  2. Put your thumb in the spot just below your index finger. If you feel two large tendons, or bumps on your skin, then you have identified the P6 spot. 
  3. Once you locate P6, slowly apply pressure to this point with your opposite thumb. 
  4. Press firmly on the point for two to three minutes, while moving your thumb in a small circle. Don’t press so hard that you feel severe pain, but you should feel a dull ache. 
  5. Repeat this on the other wrist. 

For more information, read about these other pressure points for nausea. 

When to see a doctor 

If nausea is associated with frequent episodes of vomiting, chest pain, or comes with dark stools or dark vomit, you should reach out to your doctor, Devine says. And if nausea persists for more than a couple days, or if the symptoms are quickly worsening, that could also be a sign that something more serious is going on. 

For example, conditions like pancreatitis, bowel obstructions, or even a heart attack can cause nausea and will require medical attention. 

Some people are also more prone to nausea due to certain conditions. These include: 

The bottom line 

Nausea can feel uncomfortable, but it is generally very manageable with the right approach. If you can’t get rid of nausea with these natural home remedies, check in with your doctor, who can work with you to develop a treatment plan. 

Other ways of controlling sickness | Coping with cancer

Along with anti sickness medication, there are other ways to control sickness and make you feel more comfortable.

Complementary therapies

Anti sickness drugs are the best way to control sickness (nausea and vomiting). But some complementary therapies might also help.

Some people find that relaxation techniques such as visualisation help. Others have found hypnotherapy and acupuncture helpful, especially in controlling anticipatory nausea and vomiting.

Ginger

You might find ginger helpful when feeling sick. People say it is particularly good for motion sickness. You can use crystallised stem ginger. Or you can add freshly ground ginger to your favourite dishes, or to hot water or tea to make a soothing drink.

You can also try sipping ginger ale. Fizzy drinks sometimes help to reduce nausea too.

Researchers have been looking at using ginger alongside anti sickness medicines during chemotherapy. But the results so far have been mixed and more research is needed.

Peppermint

Some people find that peppermint helps with sickness. It is thought that it helps to slow down the gut. You can suck on mints, or drink peppermint tea.

Anti sickness bracelets

Some people wear stretchy bracelets on their wrists to help stop them feeling sick. These are called acupressure bracelets or Seabands.

The bracelet includes a hard plastic stud that you position in the middle of the inside of your wrist. The aim is that the acupressure point there helps to control sickness. It might help calm the vomiting centre of the brain and reduce nausea.

Seabands can be particularly useful for motion sickness.

Research has looked at how well they help to control sickness caused by chemotherapy. Some studies suggest that they can help when used alongside anti sickness drugs. But we need more research to confirm this.

Diet

You can make some changes in your diet that might help relieve your sickness.

What to avoid

It might help to avoid:

  • eating or preparing food when you feel sick
  • fried foods, fatty foods or foods with a strong smell
  • brushing your teeth just after eating
  • filling your stomach with a large amount of liquid before eating
  • too much activity straight after eating
  • mixing hot and cold foods

Eating

Changing what you eat might help you feel better. You could try eating:

  • cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick
  • several small meals and snacks each day
  • light, bland foods, such as plain toast or crackers
  • small meals a few hours before treatment (but not just before)
  • more fibre, raw fruits and vegetables if you have constipation
  • fresh or tinned pineapple chunks which helps to keep your mouth fresh and moist

Drinking

It’s important to try to drink plenty to replace the fluid you’ve lost, even if you can’t eat. Have small sips slowly throughout the day. Try drinking:

  • clear, sweet liquids, like fizzy drinks or fruit juice (except orange or grapefruit juice, which may irritate your stomach)
  • ice cold or clear fluids
  • prune juice and hot drinks, they might help to make your bowels work if you are constipated

Remember to check what you can or can not eat or drink with the treatment you are having.

Cannabis

Cannabis is also called as marijuana, pot, grass, weed, hemp, hashish or dope. Parts of the plant have been used for centuries in herbal remedies.

In the past few years cannabis has been the subject of a lot of medical research and in the media. Possessing any part of the cannabis plant is still illegal in most European countries, including the UK.

Because it is illegal, there is a lot of controversy over using it for medical reasons. Some studies have found that smoking cannabis or taking it by mouth can help to control sickness and pain in people with cancer and other illnesses. But there are concerns about possible harmful side effects, particularly if the drug is smoked.

The strongest active ingredient in cannabis is the chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the basis of the man made drug nabilone. You might have nabilone for sickness caused by chemotherapy when other anti sickness drugs have not helped.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been shown in some studies to help the effect of anti sickness drugs. Researchers are interested in ways that TENS could be used to help people with sickness from cancer or from treatment. 

How to cope emotionally

It is understandable to be upset and worried when you are feeling sick.

Don’t give yourself a hard time if you really don’t feel like eating for a few days after chemotherapy. It is very important that you drink, but you can make up for lost calories between treatments. Try not to get overtired because you could find everything more difficult to cope with if you are exhausted.

You can also ask your doctor to prescribe nutritional drinks that you can have as well as regular meals if you are worried about losing weight.

 

Peppermint Oil Uses, Benefits, Effects, and More

Peppermint oil is derived from the peppermint plant — a cross between water mint and spearmint — that thrives in Europe and North America.

Peppermint oil is commonly used as flavoring in foods and beverages and as a fragrance in soaps and cosmetics. Peppermint oil also is used for a variety of health conditions and can be taken orally in dietary supplements or topically as a skin cream or ointment.

Clinical evidence suggests that peppermint oil likely can help with symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. It may also help indigestion and prevent spasms in the GI tract caused by endoscopy or barium enema. Some studies show that used topically it may help soothe tension headaches and cracked nipples from breastfeeding—but more research is needed to confirm these studies.

When used as directed, dietary supplements and skin preparations containing peppermint oil are likely safe for most adults.

Peppermint oil may cause side effects such as heartburn and it may interact with certain medications. Talk to your health care provider before using peppermint oil.

Medicinal Uses of Peppermint Oil

In dietary supplements, peppermint oil has been tried for a variety of digestive problems including:

Dietary supplements containing peppermint oil are also used by some people for the following conditions, although there is no clear evidence that they are helpful:

Skin preparations containing peppermint oil are used by some people for the following conditions, although, again, there is no clear evidence that they are helpful:

In addition, peppermint oil vapor is sometimes inhaled to treat symptoms of colds and coughs. Also, some doctors add peppermint oil to a barium solution to relax the colon during barium enemas.

Benefits of Peppermint Oil

Several studies suggest that enteric-coated peppermint oil capsules — which allow the oil to pass through the stomach so it can dissolve in the intestines — may help relieve common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome such as abdominal pain, bloating, and gas. Non-enteric coated forms of peppermint oil, however, actually may cause or worsen heartburn and nausea.

Preliminary studies also suggest that dietary supplements containing a combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil may help relieve indigestion.

 

Side Effects of Peppermint Oil

In most adults, the small doses of peppermint oil contained in dietary supplements and skin preparations appear to be safe. Pregnant and breastfeeding women, however, should avoid such products because little is known about their safety during pregnancy and lactation.

Possible side effects of peppermint oil include:

Although enteric-coated peppermint oil capsules may reduce the risk of heartburn, their protective coating can break down more quickly and increase the risk of heartburn when taken at the same time as prescription and over-the-counter medications that decrease stomach acid and which are often used for heartburn or acid reflux. It’s best to take such drugs at least two hours after taking enteric-coated peppermint oil products. A stomach condition called achlorhydria, in which the stomach doesn’t produce hydrochloric acid, also may hasten the coating’s breakdown. So people with the condition are advised against using peppermint oil.

 

Possible Drug Interactions With Peppermint Oil

Before taking peppermint oil, discuss the risks and benefits with your health care provider. Some supplements can interact with medicine. Interactions can be harmful or make medications not work as they should.

Be cautious about combining peppermint oil with certain drugs because it may inhibit the body’s ability to metabolize the drugs and increase the risk of side effects.

 

The Effect of Peppermint Oil on Nausea, Vomiting and Retching in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy – Full Text View

Nausea, vomiting and retching symptoms are among the most common adverse effects of chemotherapy and are defined with expressions like “the biggest problem including pain” by patients. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)’ is reported leads to fluid-electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, loss of weight, physiological effects caused by poor drug absorption or decreased elimination from kidneys as well as negative effects in one’s social life, work-life, activities of daily life and psychological status. Also, nausea-vomiting may cause some patients to refuse chemotherapy or to discontinue the treatment. Inadequate control of CINV leads patients to integrative health practices.

The study was realized as a randomized controlled study in order to explore the effect of use of 3% peppermint oil applied on lips three times a day during the five days following chemotherapy upon incidence nausea, vomiting, and retching, nausea severity and quantity use of antiemetics in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.The study was initiated on the 10.09.2017 and in this study were interviewed with 250 patients. 90 patients that met inclusion criteria were contacted. The study was completed with 36 intervention patients and with 44 control patients (See Fig. 1). For determine to sample size, while patients were being allocated to the study groups, post hoc power analysis was periodically done with the data obtained. The sample size for this study was calculated using the MedCalc (32-bit). The process continued until the necessary sample size was reached. According to power analysis, α = 0.05 and β =0.20, and the power of the study was 99.9%.

Randomization In order to provide randomization was preferred ballot method. As a result of the ballot, the first patient who inclusion criteria of study was allocated to the intervention group while the next one to the control group. After participant enrollment, patients were assigned to the two groups in a 1:1 ratio according to this rule. Because of it is not known whether nausea/vomiting experience of patients who first time chemotherapy receiving, study groups included patients receiving two or more chemotherapy.

Interventions 2.4.1. The control group The control group underwent only the routine treatment. The patients in the control group, Patient Watch Chart, Patient Nausea Severity Follow-up Form, and INVR, marked by patients and They were returned the duly completed these forms to the researcher when they came to hospital for the next chemotherapy treatment. Patient Watch Chart, and INVR skala of patients who illiterate were filled in by the pollster, according to expression of patient. In order to fill in Patient Watch Chart, and INVR phone interviews were made twice a day (morning-evening) by the pollster and the participants at a suitable time determined together.

2.4.2. Intervention group The patients in the intervention group received routine medical treatment program and were asked to put one drop of peppermint oil upon lips following chemotherapy administration. Before peppermint oil application; the researcher theoretically and practically provided a training of 8-10 minutes about the use of peppermint oil and the patients were requested to apply this oil three times a day according to “Oil Practice Guide” (See Fig. 2) in the morning (09:00), at noon (15:00) and in the evening (21:00). The mobile phones of the participants were set to these hours and the alarm system continued in this manner for five days. The participants whose mobile phones were not set to these hours were called by the researcher in order to recall them of the protocol. Before peppermint oil application, Patient Opinion Form (pre-application) were asked to the participants and their answers were written down. Similarly; after peppermint oil application, same form (post-application) were asked and the answers were written down. Patient Watch Chart, Patient Nausea Severity Follow-up Form, and INVR, marked by patients and They were returned the duly completed these forms to the researcher when they came to hospital for the next chemotherapy treatment. Patient Watch Chart, and INVR skala of patients who illiterate were filled in by the pollster, according to expression of patient. In order to fill in Patient Watch Chart, and INVR phone interviews were made twice a day (morning-evening) by the pollster and the participants at a suitable time determined together.

Patients in the intervention and control groups were allowed to take standard antiemetic medications and other drugs taken for different medical problems during and after the day of peppermint oil application. As a part of standard antiemetic treatment; patients were given ” in isotonic solution 5-HT3 receptor antagonists (palonosetron, granisetron (Kytril))+ steroids (dexamethazon (Decort)) + antihistaminic (Avil or Systral ampul) + Metpamid ampul” before chemotherapy.

Onzyd 8 mg (ondansetron) + metpamid tb. has been prescribed by oncologist, for able to use at patient’s home.

mega-woman »Pregnancy. What Causes Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy?

Nausea is actually a good sign – it means that your body has a fairly high level of pregnancy hormones. This allows the fetus to develop and grow. But if you don’t feel nauseous, don’t worry, you may be one of those happy women who don’t feel nauseous. Eight out of ten women experience nausea during pregnancy. Nausea can occur with or without vomiting.

Why does one feel sick during pregnancy

During early pregnancy, your body produces large amounts of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Once your placenta takes over the maintenance and nourishment of your baby, the hCG levels drop and the nausea should go away. Your nausea is also likely to subside between 12 and 14 weeks of gestation. But there are also other nausea-causing hormones – estrogen and thyroxine. This is probably why in some women this symptom lasts much longer than the first trimester.

If you are tired, hungry, or in a bad mood, the nausea may be worse. Also, if you are expecting twins or triplets, you may drown more often – this is due to the fact that you have higher levels of pregnancy hormones. If you vomit several times a day and are unable to eat or drink without vomiting, see your doctor immediately. Severe vomiting and nausea can lead to dehydration, which may need to be treated in a hospital.

How to prevent nausea?

It is difficult to prevent nausea completely.Nausea is a natural and normal part of pregnancy.
Relaxation and various folk remedies can help you reduce this unpleasant ailment. Get plenty of rest and consider stopping work, take a vacation. Eat small meals often and look for foods that cause nausea. Avoid fried, greasy, smoked, and heavily seasoned foods.

If you are feeling very unwell, try not to worry that your child and you are not getting enough nutrients.You and your child will be able to catch up with the required amount of vitamins at a later date, when the nausea disappears. Most importantly, drink plenty of fluids. This can be purified water, lemon juice, barley tea, or whatever drink your body takes in. If you cannot eat or drink anything at all, see your doctor immediately.

How to get rid of nausea on your own?

Ginger. Ginger is effective in treating nausea, but ginger can also make it worse or cause heartburn.

Ginger is a good remedy in Chinese medicine. It is based on the yin and yang system and other opposing factors, including heat and cold. Ginger is hot (yang) and will increase nausea if you feel hot. You can take ginger if you:
– feel cold,
– you have an irresistible desire to wrap yourself in a warm blanket or dress warmly,
– want to drink hot tea.
Don’t rely on gingerbread cookies as they are high in sugar and low in ginger.

Try grated ginger root tea. Brew two to three teaspoons with a cup of boiling water, let it brew well, and drink it throughout the day. Do not exceed 3 grams of raw ginger (about three teaspoons) per day. You can also use ginger capsules if you don’t like the tea.

Mint. Mint is a cold (yin) alternative if:
– you are constantly hot and want to undress,
– you want a cold drink.

Try mint tea.Sugar-free mints or chewing gum may also help. Peppermint does not relieve nausea in everyone, it is possible that the nausea will intensify due to the pungent odor.

Herbal teas. You can try lemon balm tea or a little chamomile tea. The relief may not last long, so you should try to find another remedy that may work for you.

Acupressure massage. Nausea can be relieved by pressing the point on the wrist.When you experience a nausea attack, press a point on each wrist about 20-30 times at one second intervals.

Other ideas. If you feel nauseous while driving, try playing music that contains rapid pulsations. This will work well for your inner ear and should feel better.
Eating foods rich in vitamin B6, such as avocados or chicken, may relieve symptoms. Vitamin B supplements can also reduce nausea if you can swallow the tablets.Always check with your midwife before taking supplements during pregnancy.

Aromatherapy. Aromatherapy can help you relax, but the smell of oils can make your nausea worse. Essential oils that may relieve nausea:
mint
spearmint
lime
lemon
ginger (occasionally)

When treating nausea, you need to rest more, be in the fresh air. If possible, go to the forest. Clean forest air will relieve nausea.Lead the right lifestyle and take care of yourself.

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90,000 10 simple remedies for getting rid of nausea named

Nausea greatly spoils life, and it is not always possible to take medicine.

Lemon. The refreshing lemon scent is a proven home remedy for nausea. In acute cases, you can hold a piece of citrus in your mouth or drink lemon juice diluted with water.

Water. Water itself can also relieve nausea. A glass of cold, still water should be sipped in small sips, this relieves the feeling of lightheadedness.

Fresh air. Sometimes, to cope with nausea, it is enough to get some fresh air, while taking deep breaths and moving.

Chewing gum. When chewed, saliva is formed, which stimulates digestion and helps the stomach. Chewing movements themselves can also distract from nausea.

Mint. Peppermint oil helps with headaches and digestive disorders such as nausea and irritable stomach.Tea with mint is also useful – it is best to drink it in small sips.

Tea with fennel, anise or caraway seeds. The essential oils contained in these seeds soothe the stomach. It is not uncommon to combine all three plants for harvests that help with digestive problems.

Mashed banana. Banana puree “calms” the stomach and helps to cope with the unpleasant condition characteristic of nausea.

Mashed potatoes. If nausea has led to an attack of vomiting, the use of this puree helps to recover faster.

Carrots. It is also useful to eat it boiled, mashed to a puree – carrots have a good effect on a tense stomach, promotes relaxation.

Broth. Vegetable broth or chicken broth as a light diet is a good choice for nausea and vomiting: it replenishes fluid and electrolytes destroyed by the body.The main thing is that the broth is not too fatty.

Ginger. Ginger has been a proven home remedy for nausea for a long time. But pregnant women should be aware that ginger has the ability to stimulate blood circulation, and its action can lead to processes that cause premature birth.

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Sweet tea in case of poisoning: how to make it correctly

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According to ancient legends, people have been using tea for about five thousand years. Earlier, tea was called a specific drink, which was made from tea tree leaves poured with boiling water. In the modern world, it is a drink in which something is brewed with boiling water. To make it convenient, certain terms are added, namely: herbal, fruit, and so on.Everyone knows that tea has beneficial and medicinal properties. It can be drunk for various diseases, especially colds. In addition, poisoning is no exception, in which, abundant and warm drink is an important component.

Medical experts recommend drinking unusual tea in case of poisoning, but sweet. You can drink without sugar, but the effect will not be the same. Poisoning is accompanied by severe dehydration of the human body, resulting in a sharp drop in blood pressure and a drop in normal blood glucose levels.As for tea made with added sugar, in this case, glucose reserves are replenished, which normalizes the blood pressure of the affected person.

Tea for nausea

Nausea is a natural reaction to stimuli. It manifests itself as a negative, painful sensation that causes discomfort.

This manifestation causes weakness, drowsiness, nervousness, while reducing the patient’s vital activity. You can eliminate this feeling with sour drinks.

Tea for nausea is one of the best and most effective remedies for eliminating ailments.

Most patients who have symptoms of malaise think about which tea is most effective in eliminating nausea and vomiting. In this article, we will analyze some types of teas and find out which of them has the greatest amount of healing properties useful for the human body. This drink is consumed to improve immunity, increase the tone of the body.

Tastes are individual.A recipe that works for some may lead to side effects in others. Therefore, in order to find the perfect option, you need to try several recipes on yourself.

Strong tea

This drink relieves nausea after a hangover. It is drunk right after waking up. Tannin, which is the basis of this drink, is capable of eliminating the symptoms of nausea and giving the body vigor.

Black tea should not be consumed in case of nausea due to kidney and liver diseases.Otherwise, such a drink can increase the reaction, which will lead to negative consequences.

It is also not recommended to take this tea before bedtime.

You need to know that you should give preference to a drink without any additives. You should refrain from consuming tea bags with berries, dried herbs, dried fruit pieces. Experts recommend adding the additional ingredient yourself. It is important that the supplement, in the patient’s opinion, fits perfectly and can actively cope with the problem that has arisen.

Four tablespoons of black loose or loose tea are poured into a container and poured over with one liter of boiling water. Insist for five to seven minutes under a tight lid. The resulting infusion is added to boiling water according to individual taste.

It is allowed to add granulated sugar, natural honey to the drink, which enhances the taste of the drink.

Green

Is the perfect drink to bring everyone to life. This tea drink is great for relieving symptoms and nausea during pregnancy.It is used at bedtime. It perfectly calms the nervous system, improves sleep, eliminating insomnia and nervous tension.

It is not recommended to take green tea for people with problems of the vestibular apparatus. But, in extreme cases, the broth is taken only chilled. A hot drink can cause negative symptoms associated with this disease.

Green tea is excellent for eliminating thirst in the hot season. Helps improve mood. It has antioxidant, anti-mutagenic and anti-allergic properties.It is useful for diabetic patients. Thanks to the polyphenols, the decoction is able to lower blood pressure.

The dry drink is ground in a coffee grinder. Three to four tablespoons of the substance are poured with a liter of boiling water. Insist for ten minutes.

Consume without additives, slightly diluted with water. But if desired, add natural honey or lemon slices to the drink.

Mint

It is one of the most aromatic and effective drinks.The fact is that lemon balm or peppermint has a miraculous effect. Thanks to this broth, both nausea and vomiting are easily eliminated. To eliminate the disease, just a few sips are enough. The drink has a positive effect on the entire human body.

Due to the menthol and flavonoids contained in mint, mint is able to positively influence the secretion of the gastrointestinal tract. This drink is a natural antibiotic.

It stops the growth of pathogenic microflora, helps to eliminate sore throats, colds and inflammatory processes in the body.

The broth easily improves sleep, increases appetite, has a beneficial effect on the respiratory system.

The decoction is used for constipation, diarrhea, bloating, flatulence. Mint is able to normalize acidity levels, relieve pain spasms, prevent bile stagnation and the formation of kidney stones. The broth normalizes the nervous system, eliminates depression and nervous breakdowns. Lowers blood pressure. Because of this, it is not recommended for hypotensive patients.

Pour boiling water over several mint leaves. Insist for ten minutes. Consume half a glass two to three times a day.

Add pieces of fruit, lemon zest, natural pomegranate juice, cinnamon or natural honey if desired.

Ginger is the best home remedy for relieving nausea with ease.

Thanks to the active ingredients contained in the composition of ginger, there is a positive effect on the emotional state of a person.

These components include various essential oils or phenolic compounds. A decoction based on ginger easily relieves nervous tension, emotional upheaval, depression.

The decoction is effective against nausea associated with chemotherapy or pregnancy. Ginger contains lipids, starch, vitamins of groups A, B, C, as well as a number of useful microelements.

Ginger drink has antiviral effect. Eliminates colds, viral inflammations, flu, sore throat.Has a beneficial effect on the body’s immune system.

Ginger root is grated. One teaspoon of the resulting mixture is poured with 200 ml of boiling water. Insist under a tight lid for ten minutes. Filter and drink the drink warm. It is not recommended to consume more than three servings of ginger decoction per knock.

If desired, natural honey, granulated sugar or lemon juice can be added to the tea.

Sweet tea

This drink is very effective for nausea associated with dehydration.In this case, a decrease in blood pressure occurs, and the level of glucose in the blood falls. Sweet hot broth is able to easily replenish glucose reserves.

It increases blood pressure, improves overall well-being, gives strength. The broth is a stimulant and a source of energy. The broth helps to keep warm during the cold season. Improves appetite.

Can restore sleep and eliminate insomnia.

This tea is a stimulant of the nervous system. Therefore, it is not recommended for people with mental disorders and emotional distress.Also, the broth is not recommended for people with diabetes. In large quantities, the drink is not recommended for obese people. The broth can cause the accumulation of sucrose, which leads to a set of extra pounds.

It is allowed to add a few teaspoons of granulated sugar or natural honey to the drink. Additional ingredients are added to the broth according to your individual taste.

Monastery Tea

Monastery Tea is a powerful remedy for many symptoms.In its composition, it contains a complex of various ingredients and medicinal herbs. It is prepared according to old recipes. It is a general tonic that improves the condition of the human body.

This drink is able to eliminate:

Hypertension; Osteochondrosis; Prostatitis; Varicose veins; Climax; Diabetes; Tea improves eyesight; Improves the heart muscle; Helps improve memory and brain function; Cleans the liver; Improves the acidity of gastric juice; Relieves insomnia; Eliminates parasites, removes harmful toxins from the body; Eliminates the feeling of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; Helps to lose weight; Eliminates alcoholism; helps to get rid of the painful habit of smoking;

This drink can easily stop the progression of diseases, it normalizes the work of the pancreas.

Able to normalize blood sugar levels. Easily restores metabolism. The tea is recommended for people with weakened immune systems, depression or bad mood. Great for patients with colds.

Two teaspoons of the healing substance are poured into a glass of boiling water. Insist for three to five minutes. It is filtered and consumed at a pace in one go.

To taste, add natural honey, jam or granulated sugar to the tea.

Be sure to watch the video about this tea

What else can be used for nausea?

Excellent and effective remedies are:

Lemon juice; Clove decoction; Caraway; Apple vinegar; Cinnamon; Anise;

Ingredients are allowed to be added to the finished broth. Also, they are used to prepare effective healing infusions that easily eliminate the feeling of nausea.

Preventive use

Tea is a healing drink containing a large amount of vitamins and microelements.It can be used to prevent or eliminate the following symptoms:

Vomiting; Bloating; High or low blood pressure; Eliminate insomnia; Improved appetite; Dumping extra pounds; Elimination of nervous tension, emotional upheaval;

The type of tea should be selected individually, depending on the symptoms of the disease. Infusions are used not only to eliminate the feeling of nausea, but also to improve overall well-being. Healing teas contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals.

Do you still think that it is difficult to heal your stomach and intestines?

Judging by the fact that you are now reading these lines – victory in the fight against diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is not yet on your side …

Have you already thought about surgical intervention? This is understandable, because the stomach is a very important organ, and its proper functioning is the key to health and well-being. Frequent abdominal pain, heartburn, bloating, belching, nausea, stool disorder … All these symptoms are familiar to you firsthand.

But perhaps it is more correct to treat not the effect, but the cause? Here is the story of Galina Savina, about how she got rid of all these unpleasant symptoms … Read article >>>

Author HowProsto!

Nausea is a natural reaction of the human body to an irritant. This painful and unpleasant sensation not only causes discomfort, but also significantly reduces a person’s vital activity. Sour drinks and tea can help get rid of nausea.

Tea is credited with many beneficial medicinal properties, and this is true.Tea is used for

to increase

immunity and general body tone

of a person

. This drink quenches thirst well in the hot season and warms up cold

in

. But it turns out that tea is also able to relieve nausea.

Tea with honey saves from insomnia, and with herbal infusions – from nervous disorders.

Tea for nausea

Tea can quickly relieve nausea, because it is a natural antiseptic, that is, it has a strong antibacterial effect.Therefore, doctors recommend this drink to people suffering from gastrointestinal diseases, but, of course, not exceeding the daily rate. The most effective natural green tea, which, however, should not be consumed on an empty stomach.

The tea leaf itself contains many useful microelements and substances that, entering the human body, begin to fight the pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms in it. Sweet tea produces special substances that have strong antimicrobial properties that can heal dysentery.

That is why tea is able to relieve nausea and stop vomiting at any stage.

If you feel a discomfort associated with discomfort in the abdomen, which is aggravated by nausea, you should drink several cups of sweet strong black tea.

Only in this case, tea should only be consumed with natural infusion. Otherwise, the packaged or granulated beverage may have the opposite effect.

Application

In case of severe nausea and gag reflexes – in order to relieve these urges – it is recommended to chew dried tea leaves, that is, large-leaf tea leaves, for several minutes.

Chewing tea leaves helps to quickly relieve nausea, and is also suitable for both adults and children.

Tea also helps with alcohol poisoning and drug overdose due to the fact that it is a diaphoretic and diuretic.

Frequent urination and profuse sweating after drinking a drink can remove from the human body all harmful toxic substances that have accumulated in it, including decomposition products of alcohol and drugs.When undergoing active drug treatment, it is generally recommended to drink strong brewed tea without sugar every morning.

It is not advisable to eat on an empty stomach, so take care of a light breakfast, to which tea will become an addition.

It is better to use an unfermented large leaf infusion. The beneficial effect of tea is enhanced by the addition of milk to it, which disinfects, honey, lemon, cinnamon, apple are also acceptable, which will give a tart aroma.

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How to deal with nausea with tea

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Other recommendations for drinking tea

The drink will share its beneficial properties if you follow the rules of preparation and use:

  1. High-mountainous Chinese tea is dangerous to drink in the morning, it has a high caffeine content, negatively affects on those who suffer from nervous disorders.
  2. It is not recommended to drink green tea after eating fruit to avoid stomach problems.
  3. The temperature of the drink should not exceed 60 ° C, only in this way it will clarify the mind, and also have a tonic effect.
  4. Cold tea causes stagnation of phlegm in the lungs, and too hot it burns the mucous membrane.
  5. It is recommended to drink only freshly brewed tea, it retains its healing properties.
  6. Drink a flavored drink after a meal in half an hour.
  7. Not drinking strongly brewed tea at night is the cause of headaches, insomnia.
  8. Do not take medications.


Tea for nausea

An incomprehensible attack of nausea can come from nowhere.How to deal with it and what techniques to use is very problematic to say unequivocally.

Not knowing the exact nature of the attack, you should drink tea for nausea. It is almost always safe and allows you to cope with an attack quickly.

True, if nausea is a symptom of any chronic disease, then it is advisable to act differently here.

Does tea help against nausea

Due to the fact that the causes and symptoms of the onset of this condition are different, it is very difficult to say whether tea helps against nausea categorically.

But, there is always an opportunity to check and choose exactly the drink that will really have the proper effect on the body and help relieve symptoms.

Due to the fact that each person has his own individual reaction to a particular product, various foods, herbs, fruits, etc., help in solving the problem.

When choosing the most common tea for nausea, you should pay attention to:

  • Ginger.
  • Herbal.
  • Lemon.
  • Green.
  • Mint.
  • Strong.
  • Sweet.

There are many options, and each of them has its own active ingredients capable of solving the problem and returning the usual cheerful state.

Which tea will help with nausea

If you want to know which tea will help you with nausea, you should try most of them yourself. Tastes are individual and what helps some may make others unwell. If you prefer refreshing teas, you should not forget about ginger, lemon or mint options.

And then it is worth figuring out exactly what temperature, what taste it should be. Even whether it is hot or cold makes a huge difference.

For many, in order to overcome an attack of nausea, it is enough to drink a cup of unsweetened cold green tea with a lot of lemon and the result is not long in coming.

Anti-nausea tea should or may not contain sugar in its base. Since in some cases, an increase in the amount of glucose from the blood provokes a new attack.

Strong tea for nausea

This drink has been known for a long time and almost always helps with one very specific attack of nausea: a hangover. In the morning, strong tea for nausea is almost perfect. The tannin, which is in its basis, relieves symptoms and gives vigor. If the cause of nausea lies in liver or kidney disease, then this method is completely unreasonable, as it can intensify the reaction.

It is important to remember that preference should be given to the drink without additives.This primarily applies to tea bags. If you want to make strong tea for nausea, then you should do it yourself and add to it the ingredient that, in the opinion of the affected person, will help to cope with the problem.

Green tea for nausea

This is an almost ideal drink that can bring almost anyone to life. There are many recipes for its preparation.

Although in heat or in case of problems with the vestibular apparatus, such a drink is preferable to drink chilled.Green tea for nausea also helps during pregnancy, relieving symptoms.

But, if this drink has not been tried in advance, then it is better to drink a small amount of it and wait for a positive effect.

Peppermint tea for nausea

Peppermint is a real miracle cure that can relieve nausea attacks. Just a few sips is enough for mint tea to have a positive effect against nausea.

Due to the fact that it is mint that has a beneficial effect on the secretion of the gastrointestinal tract, you can cope with symptoms in just a few minutes.

To prevent the condition, you should always have this simple drink with you and use it as needed.

Ginger tea for nausea

This spice has always been in price. And ginger tea for nausea is a direct confirmation of this. Under the influence of ginger, the secretion of gastric juices and enzymes is activated. In this case, active acids are neutralized, which leads to a calming of the active reaction of the gastrointestinal tract.

It should be borne in mind that ginger tea for nausea should be prepared with the addition of the root itself, and not its substitutes.It is its active substances that will work to calm the stomach.

Sweet tea for nausea

This remedy does not help in all cases. It is almost always the perfect solution to low blood glucose levels that can lead to nausea. Sweet tea for nausea is effective in cases where the dosage of sugar is not exceeded, and the strength of the brew is normal.

Simple treatments are available. But, it only removes the symptomatology, and does not level it.Therefore, tea for nausea should only be an adjunct to treatment, and not the only panacea.

:

Ginger for nausea

Treatment of nausea with herbs

Folk remedies for nausea

Treatment of vomiting with herbal remedies

Remedies for nausea

Source: https://toshno.net/narodnye-sredjstva- ot-toshnoty

Strong tea has more caffeine

This is a moot point to answer the question of whether a strong cup of tea contains more caffeine than a weak one.First, it’s worth noting that black tea contains an average of 40-45 mg of caffeine per 8 ounces.

However, longer brewing may increase the caffeine content of the tea.

A study from the University of Florida, USA and published in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology provides the following answers. Researchers found that one minute of brewing coffee provided 14 mg of caffeine for black tea and 12 mg for green tea. Many would agree that this is the smallest difference in terms of caffeine levels.

However, in three minutes of making coffee, the first drink received 27 milligrams, and the last 22 milligrams. And so the gap is widening.

Finally, the study concluded that the five minute brewing time (which is not recommended for green tea!) Made the biggest difference.

Here, the results determined that black tea contained 61 mg, while green tea contained 41 mg. So in other words, be sure to brew for longer if you’re looking for that extra caffeine kick!

Benefits of strong tea in case of poisoning

What tea to drink in case of poisoning: is it possible to drink strong black or green tea with sugar

Intoxication has a bad effect on the human body and health.The tissues of vital organs are affected. There is an excess of toxins in the blood, which have a depressing effect on the functional systems of the body. The help provided in the first hours significantly improves the condition of the victim, accelerates recovery.

It is possible to remove the symptoms of intoxication with the complete removal of the toxin from the blood and organs of the digestive tract. Correctly prepared tea in case of poisoning helps the body get rid of harmful substances and makes the patient feel better.

Freshly prepared infusion has a beneficial effect on the affected organism:

  • Pathogenic microorganisms present in tissues, blood die or pathogenic microflora is blocked.
  • Restores water and electrolyte balance, normalizes blood pressure.
  • Damaged digestive organs under the influence of tea are rehabilitated, function without interruptions.
  • The presence of antioxidants helps to remove toxins and waste products of pathogens.
  • Tea brings vigor and tone to the victim.

After intoxication, it is recommended to drink 3-5 liters of liquid. People often prefer to drink water.But if you replace the water with a tasty and properly prepared tea collection, your health will improve faster and your mood will improve.

Traditional medicine recipes

People in such conditions have always used time-tested recipes.

Among them, the most popular were and remain:

  • Chamomile tea from a glass of boiling water and 1 filter bag. Drink 2 times.
  • Brew marigolds (10 mg) in a glass of water and drink 3 times.
  • Prepare the composition from the same amount of buckthorn bark and the same volume of water, leave for 20 minutes and take 2 times.
  • Dill decoction helps with poisoning with poisonous mushrooms. It is made from twigs and seeds. You will need boiling water (200 ml) and 20 g of plant materials. Boil the mixture for 10 minutes, leave for 20 minutes and drink 0.5 tbsp. 3 times a day.
  • Chopped ginger (10 g) pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist and drink 1 tbsp during the day. l. in one hour.
  • Centaury (20 g) and mint (80 g) pour 1 liter of boiled water, leave for half an hour. Divide the entire volume into 3 doses.

Useful properties of tea

A number of types of tea are known.Each has individual beneficial properties and a certain effect on the body.

  • Black contains a lot of antioxidants that bind and remove toxic substances. In this form, caffeine is not bound – blood pressure rises. Therefore, it is recommended to brew taking into account the pressure of the victim.
  • Green is often used after alcohol poisoning and food ailment – when poor quality food has become a source. Restores the intestinal mucosa, normalizes the functioning of the digestive system.Strengthens the heart muscle and the nervous system. Has a beneficial effect on the genitourinary system and kidney tissue. Reception lowers blood pressure. With radiation damage to the body, it improves the patient’s well-being. It is considered the best antidepressant, weight loss remedy.
  • Red relieves the symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis in the eye area, restores blood circulation in the brain, eliminates visual fatigue. Able to increase blood pressure. It is recommended to use it with caution.
  • Semi-fermented Oolong tea promotes skin cell regeneration. The circulatory system is freed from harmful substances, the blood vessels are strengthened. The mucous membrane, tissues of the digestive organs are restored.
  • Post-fermented Pu-erh tea is recommended for people with endocrine system diseases. Tones up, improves blood circulation in brain cells. Normalizes blood sugar and fat levels.
  • Mint collection relieves irritation of the gastric mucosa, relieves vomiting and nausea.Healthy tea has an analgesic effect. Eliminates stomach pains.
  • To restore damaged organs from poisoning, to strengthen the immune system, boiled echinacea leaves help.
  • Chamomile drink eliminates inflammatory processes, disease-causing substances.
  • Brewed ginger has antibacterial and analgesic properties.
  • To remove toxins from women, linden tea will help a child. Men should refrain from eating linden.

It is recommended to use only high-quality, properly prepared infusion in case of poisoning.Falsified raw materials will harm a weakened body!

What can you eat after vomiting?

It is not only the correct choice of food that is important, but also the method of preparation. It is best to steam, boil, bake, stew food. Frying foods, especially those using a large amount of fat, is strictly prohibited.

Ready meals should be thoroughly grinded and served puree. It is recommended to twist the meat twice. Do not rush while eating, chew everything thoroughly.Try not to eat hot or cold foods, it will be more comfortable for the stomach to process food that comes in a warm form.

Salty food irritates the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, so try to reduce the consumption of table salt

Food after vomiting may include the following foods:

  • beets, carrots, zucchini;
  • bananas;
  • porridge with a small addition of milk and butter: buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, semolina;
  • fish, chicken and turkey meat;
  • cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir;
  • boiled eggs, steamed omelets;
  • croutons, biscuits, toasted bread;
  • rosehip broth.

Consider a sample dietary menu that can be followed by both an adult and a child. The only difference will be in the size of the portions. The ration for one day will be presented below:

  • Breakfast. Oatmeal on the water and a steam omelet. Green tea.
  • Snack. Homemade yogurt and banana puree.
  • Lunch. Mashed potatoes and turkey meatballs. Berry jelly and biscuit biscuits.
  • Afternoon snack. Oven baked fish. Dried fruits compote.
  • Dinner. Rice porridge and stewed vegetables. Still mineral water.

Vomiting with bile can be caused by poisoning, but this symptom also indicates the development of diseases of the liver, pancreas and biliary tract. The gag reflex is accompanied by the appearance of unpleasant bitterness in the mouth. To determine the cause and further tactics, it is important to undergo an examination.

Tea in case of poisoning

Each species has a certain effect on the human body.The use of additional components improves the action or, conversely, harms. It is necessary to correctly assess the patient’s condition and apply the correct drink.

Drink with lemon

When intoxicated, a person suffers from disorders of the digestive tract and dehydration. Lemon tea is considered the most useful, effective drink in the fight against intoxication. Lemon is characterized by antibacterial, anti-inflammatory effects.

Source: https: // gb4miass74.ru / zabolevaniya / dieta-pri-toshnote.html

Why does one feel sick after green tea: possible contraindications

Green tea has a lot of useful properties. He is loved by many, and enjoys sufficient popularity among all the peoples of the world.

Classic green tea, tea with jasmine, lotus, milk oolong – all these drinks by nature itself are designed to give people a good mood, good spirits and improve health.

Why can you sometimes hear: “Green tea makes me sick.”Why does one feel sick after green tea? And who most often complains about such a problem? Let’s try to figure it out.

Green tea and pregnancy

Despite all the advantages of green tea, during pregnancy, in the first and third trimester, a woman’s body behaves ambiguously. At this time, he reacts too sharply to the slightest changes.

Any smell or taste can cause nausea. Sometimes this reaction occurs to green tea, usually of low quality or highly artificially flavored.

Green tea complicates the absorption of iron from food, therefore, drunk with meals, can provoke mild nausea.

Green tea and gastrointestinal diseases

For chronic gastrointestinal diseases: gastritis, gastroduodenitis, duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcer, accompanied by high acidity, green tea should be taken with extreme caution. Tea can increase acidity, causing irritation of the stomach lining, painful spasms, nausea and vomiting.

These symptoms can be noted when taking tea on an empty stomach, sick of tea in this case due to irritation of the mucous membrane with active substances that are rich in green tea.

Green tea and diseases of internal organs

Green tea contains a large amount of polyphenols, when consumed in large quantities, they strongly stress the liver. And with existing chronic liver diseases, green tea can cause an exacerbation. Nausea with such diseases is the first symptom that manifests itself.

Green tea and blood pressure

Green tea has four times more caffeine than coffee. When released into the bloodstream, it forces the heart to pump large amounts of blood, increasing blood pressure.

At the same time, caffeine dilates blood vessels, which minimizes elevation.

A healthy person does not notice this process, but a hypertensive person who abuses green tea will immediately feel a deterioration in health, nausea, and slight dizziness.

Green tea and the nervous system

If a person suffers from nervous diseases, is in a state of increased anxiety, depression, stress, his nervous system is too exhausted to take a large amount of such strong substances as caffeine, theophylline, theobromine.And green tea contains enough of them. They can cause a strong reaction, provoke a nervous breakdown in such people, a deterioration in well-being, accompanied by nausea.

Green tea and alcohol

The combination of tea and alcohol affects the nervous and cardiovascular systems and has a strong effect on the kidneys.

Do not drink green tea to relieve hangover, the relief effect will be short-lived.

The diuretic effect, which both tea and alcohol have, will lead to dehydration, decreased vitality, and nervous excitement.The stimulating effect of this tea can lead to renal colic, nausea.

Green tea and medicines

In no case should medicines be taken with green tea, as it reduces or slows down the action of most of them. At the same time, a negative effect is exerted on the liver and organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Tea can provoke the manifestation of side effects found in all medications. This can include headache, vomiting, and nausea.

You may be interested in: Green tea raises blood pressure or not

Tips on how to avoid nausea

If you feel sick after green tea, why not stop drinking it until you are sure that the tea is safe for the body?

  • If you are pregnant or have a chronic illness, consult a specialist.
  • Do not drink green tea before breakfast, so as not to irritate the stomach.
  • Do not mix or alternate alcohol and green tea, or take medications with this drink.
  • Do not overuse green tea, two mugs a day are enough to stay toned without side effects.
  • You should not drink yesterday’s tea due to the accumulation of purine derivatives in it.

These simple recommendations will help to completely eliminate negative consequences, to make green tea only bring benefits.

Source: https://ChayExpert.ru/zelenyj-chaj/pochemu-toshnit-posle-zelenogo-chaya.html

Toxicosis during pregnancy | Nutriclub

The first trimester is considered one of the most important in the process of bearing a child, but often this time is overshadowed by an unpleasant complication of pregnancy: toxicosis. The expectant mother may feel nauseous in the morning, she sometimes gets dizzy or salivation suddenly increases – and in general, there may be unexpectedly many unpleasant symptoms.The good news is that this condition is going away. You just need to know when it will happen and how you can help yourself.

What is toxicosis?

From a medical point of view, toxicosis is a condition of a pregnant woman, which includes, in addition to nausea and vomiting, and other unpleasant symptoms: muscle cramps, dermatitis, asthma of pregnant women, etc. called morning sickness and vomiting. The reasons for this condition are currently not fully understood, but there are a number of versions, among which the following are recognized as the main ones:

Nerve reflex theory

The meaning of the theory is that during pregnancy, the growing fetus irritates the receptors of the tissues of the uterus, and this leads to irritation of the subcortical structures of the brain, including the vomiting center (as well as the olfactory center, zones that regulate the activity of digestion, blood circulation, respiration, secretion, etc. T.e). In response to this irritation, the whole complex of symptoms of toxicosis can occur: nausea, vomiting, rapid heartbeat, salivation, pallor of the skin, etc. By the end of the first trimester, these symptoms disappear, because the body of a pregnant woman adapts to such irritations.

Hormonal theory

Explains the occurrence of toxicosis in pregnant women by the increased production of a specific pregnancy hormone – chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is responsible for the normal growth and development of the placenta.According to this theory, after three months of pregnancy, the intensity of hCG production decreases, and the symptoms of toxicosis disappear.

Immunological theory

There is a version that immunological reactions can be the cause of toxicosis: a growing fetus is a foreign organism for the mother, and her immune system reacts to the fetus by producing antibodies, which lead to symptoms of toxicosis.

Psychogenic theory

Explains the occurrence of symptoms of toxicosis in particularly impressionable women by the experiences associated with pregnancy.

How is toxicosis manifested?

Weakness, drowsiness, irritability, fatigue, loss of appetite, severe salivation and nausea in the morning are sure signs of toxicosis. Of course, it is not at all necessary that a pregnant woman is guaranteed to face all of the listed symptoms. For example, some women at the beginning of pregnancy constantly want to sleep, and at the same time they are not at all nauseous. Others may have a change in taste, and the foods they eat may suddenly start to cause nausea or vomiting.Symptoms of toxicosis also include mild dizziness, weight loss, spasms of the calf muscles.

Depending on the intensity of symptoms, toxicosis can be:

  • Mild

Vomiting in a pregnant woman occurs no more than 5 times a day. At the same time, urine and blood tests are normal, and weight loss does not exceed 2 kg per week.

  • Moderate

A woman vomits up to 10 times a day, she loses weight by 3-5 kilograms per week.In this case, there may also be a slight increase in temperature and heart rate, sleep disturbance, and persistent nausea throughout the day.

  • Severe toxicosis or indomitable vomiting (Hyperemesis Gravidarum)

State when it is time to sound the alarm. In this case, nausea and vomiting (or the urge to vomit, since food and liquid are practically not retained in the stomach) are constant throughout the day. Indomitable vomiting is dangerous because it threatens a pregnant woman with dehydration.

When does toxicosis begin and when does it go away?

Most often, early toxicosis begins at 4-5 weeks of gestation and lasts up to 12-16 weeks, although the timing of manifestation is always very individual.Doctors orientate expectant mothers that at 12-14 weeks (the beginning of the second trimester) there is a chance to say goodbye to unpleasant sensations and return to the usual rhythm of life. In rare cases, symptoms persist into the 2nd trimester and continue into the 3rd. However, late toxicosis of pregnant women, which develops in the second half of pregnancy, is considered a more dangerous condition, called preeclampsia, and is treated in a hospital.

What will help to cope with the symptoms of toxicosis?

At the onset of early toxicosis, it is necessary to consult a doctor: like any problematic condition during pregnancy, toxicosis requires medical supervision.In most cases, with a mild degree of toxicosis, there is no need to prescribe drug therapy. The fact is that many medications can affect the intrauterine development of a child. In order to somehow alleviate her condition during toxicosis, the expectant mother can:

  • Walk more – if possible, it is better to spend half the day outside. Returning home or going to work, it is better to leisurely walk a few stops on foot than to go by public transport.If a woman travels by car more often, it is better for her to leave herself time for evening or morning walks. Fresh air is important for a pregnant woman’s health and can often help relieve nausea.
  • In the morning, drink in small sips the water left by the bed in the evening. It is better to do this before getting up. Also, in this case, you can put a slice of lemon, a crouton, cookies, bread next to it – in a word, look for something that will help you get up and not feel instant nausea. The choice should be individual.
  • A vegetable or fruit smoothie to taste is a good solution if breakfast in chunks causes bouts of nausea.
  • Eat small meals 6-8 times a day, rather than three large meals a day. Low-fat yoghurts, apples, and other healthy foods can often save the day and prevent nausea from defeating.
  • Tea with ginger or mint also helps with nausea.
  • Exercise can also help cope with bouts of nausea (endorphin levels rise and the mother-to-be begins to feel better). However, all physical activity must be coordinated with the doctor leading the pregnancy.
When is toxicosis dangerous and what to do in case of emergency?

In most cases, toxicosis is not dangerous and goes away on its own by the beginning of the second trimester. You can sympathize with a woman in the first trimester: she is not yet entitled to pregnancy leave, but she must go to work in this state. However, there are cases when a woman does not need psychological, but medical help.

  • Indomitable vomiting (Hyperemesis Gravidarum)

This is a reason to see a doctor.With a severe course of toxicosis, constant indomitable vomiting and severe weight loss, a woman should be hospitalized. The hospital will help her cope with fluid loss with droppers of saline and glucose, and will also prescribe protein drugs, vitamins, antiemetics and drugs that help protect and improve liver function.

  • Late toxicosis (gestosis) of pregnant women

May start after 20 weeks, very dangerous and requires medical supervision and assistance.It is manifested by pronounced edema, increased pressure and the appearance of protein in the urine. Gestosis can be accompanied by serious complications and threatens both the life of the mother and the life of the child. This condition requires close medical supervision.

In emergency situations, you need not to waste time and call your doctor. The conviction that pregnancy is not a disease should not become a hindrance to seeking medical attention. At normal times – yes, pregnancy is really not dangerous and the expectant mother can work, travel and do what she loves with virtually no restrictions.But in cases of severe toxicosis, it is better to be vigilant.

90,000 Doctors named products that help get rid of nausea

Lemon
Photo: pixabay.com

Experts suggest: there are simple tools that can help cope with the problem.

Lemon . The refreshing scent of lemon is a proven home remedy for nausea. In acute cases, you can keep a piece of citrus in your mouth or drink lemon juice diluted with water, showdream writes.org.

Water . Water itself can also relieve nausea. A glass of cold, still water should be sipped in small sips, this relieves the feeling of lightheadedness.

Fresh air. Sometimes, to cope with nausea, it is enough to get some fresh air, while taking deep breaths and moving.

Chewing gum. When chewed, saliva is formed, which stimulates digestion and helps the stomach. Chewing movements themselves can also distract from nausea.

Mint . Peppermint oil helps with headaches as well as digestive disorders such as nausea and an irritable stomach. Tea with mint is also useful – it is best to drink it in small sips.

Tea with fennel , anise or caraway seeds. The essential oils contained in these seeds soothe the stomach. It is not uncommon to combine all three plants for harvests that help with digestive problems.

Mashed banana. Banana puree “calms” the stomach and helps to cope with the unpleasant condition characteristic of nausea.

Mashed potatoes. If nausea has led to an attack of vomiting, the use of this puree helps to recover faster.

Carrot . It is also useful to eat it boiled, mashed to mashed potatoes – carrots have a good effect on a tense stomach, promotes relaxation.

Rusk . Foods that are quickly absorbed by the body, such as dry bread or white bread, can also help relieve nausea.

Broth .Vegetable broth or chicken broth as a light diet is a good choice for nausea and vomiting: it replenishes fluid and electrolytes destroyed by the body. The main thing is that the broth is not too fatty.

Ginger . Ginger has long been a proven home remedy for nausea. But pregnant women should be aware that ginger has the ability to stimulate blood circulation, and its action can lead to processes that cause premature birth.

Earlier we reported that soups, both meat and vegetarian, should certainly be in the diet of every person at least two to three times a week.

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90,000 Useful properties of lemon balm, which make it indispensable for many diseases.

Useful properties of lemon balm, which make it indispensable for many diseases.

Melissa is known and widely used in medicine in many countries of the world. What useful properties does this medicinal plant have, who is it prescribed to, are there any contraindications?

Lemon balm, or melissa officinalis, is a perennial plant that has been used for more than 2 thousand years for treatment in different parts of the world.Melissa is used in both official and traditional medicine. This medicinal plant is also called lemongrass or lemon mint.

What useful properties does this medicinal plant have, who is it prescribed to, are there any contraindications?

Description

Melissa grows on different continents – in Europe, Africa, Central Asia. It belongs to the herbaceous plants of the Lamiaceae family. Height – 30-150 cm.The flowers are white, pale pink, or lavender. The best climatic conditions for its cultivation among the regions of Russia are in the Samara region and the Krasnodar Territory.

Attention! The upper parts of the shoots are used for treatment. They are most useful at the beginning of flowering, so it is better to collect them at this time.

Properties of the plant and diseases for which it should be used

Due to its beneficial properties, lemon mint is used in eight main uses:

  • In case of heart diseases: pain disappears, the rhythm of heart contractions returns to normal, attacks of shortness of breath and tachycardia decrease.
  • For problems with the nervous system: lemon balm is a sedative. It is used for numerous diseases of the central nervous system. Among them are neuroses, insomnia, chronic fatigue, convulsions, migraines and others.
  • For diseases of the digestive system: improves appetite and digestion, relieves bloating, stomach and intestinal cramps. It is also used for nausea and vomiting, for constipation, for the treatment of the gallbladder and liver.
  • For the treatment of joints and tissues: helps with rheumatism and gout.
  • For hypertension and vascular diseases: relieves pain, normalizes blood pressure, prevents cholesterol from being deposited.
  • As an antiviral agent: Lemon balm medicine accelerates healing of herpes 1 and 2 types, chickenpox, can be used against viruses. At the same time, it is useful to take lemon balm inside, and wipe the affected skin.
  • For external use: helps with swelling, bruises, pain and inflammation. Used after animal bites, to treat ulcers, boils, rashes.
  • In dentistry: rinsing with lemon balm infusion helps with toothache and gum disease.

Contraindications

Despite its many beneficial properties, not everyone can take lemon balm. It is not recommended:

  • during pregnancy;
  • breastfeeding;
  • arterial hypotension;
  • allergies.

Attention! Naturally, negative consequences can occur when the prescribed dose of drugs is exceeded.

Melissa has tremendous potential and is used in a wide variety of ways. She not only helps with numerous problems and diseases, but is also successfully used in cosmetology. For example, for shampoos, masks, lotions and creams.

Disclaimer

Please note that all information posted on the website
Prowellness is provided for informational purposes only and is not a personal program, direct recommendation for action or medical advice.Do not use these materials for diagnosis, treatment, or any medical manipulation. Consult a physician before using any technique or using any product. This site is not a specialized medical portal and does not replace the professional advice of a specialist. The owner of the Site does not bear any responsibility to any party that has suffered indirect or direct damage as a result of improper use of materials posted on this resource.

Mint

Mint – Mentha
Sem. Lamiaceae

A perennial plant, annually renewing the aerial part. Of greatest interest is peppermint (Mentha piperita L.), which has two varieties: black (M. piperita F. rubescens) – with a red-brown color of stems and leaves, and white (M. piperita F. palescens) – with green stems and leaves. Black mint is valued for its high menthol content (up to 65%), but white mint also has the same medicinal properties as black, it just contains less menthol.Fresh leaves are useful for adding to tea. The dried leaves are used to flavor vinegar and are added to tea blends. Peppermint has a calming and choleretic effect. Mint infusion helps with nausea. Validol and other cardiac drugs are prepared from it. Menthol oil is used in the alcoholic beverage industry, confectionery and cosmetics. In addition, mint is a good honey plant and attracts pollinating insects to the garden.

Mint. Agrotechnics

The plant is undemanding to soils, but on good soils it gives a high yield of green mass.The plant is relatively frost-hardy, very moisture-loving, requiring good lighting only in the initial period of growth from seeds. An adult plant can grow in partial shade, so mint can be grown under trees. I must say that mint grows strongly in all directions, quickly capturing all the space around it and displacing its neighbors. I recommend limiting it by dropping it into a dug in an old bucket without a bottom. For one family, this amount of mint is quite enough. Mint blooms in July-August.At the time of flowering, the entire aerial part of the plant is cut off, tied in bunches and dried under a canopy so that the direct sun does not fall on it. When the mint dries well, put on a mitten and scrub the leaves and flowers from the twigs, put them in paper bags, close and store in a dry room.

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