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Fennel powder uses: Fennel:Uses, Side Effects, Dosage, Interactions & Health Benefits


7 Proven Health Benefits of Fennel Powder (Saunf powder)

The Health Benefits of Fennel powder (Saunf powder) include its use in the treatment of diabetes, bacterial infections, sore throat, painful periods, anxiety and liver disorders. It improves digestion, reduces gas formation and gives relief from abdominal discomfort.

What is Fennel Powder or Saunf Powder?

Fennel powder is a powder made from dry fennel seeds. It is used for medicinal purposes, especially in ayurvedic medicine. In Hindi, it is called Saunf Churna.

Fennel powder (Saunf powder) exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, carminative, anti-bacterial, analgesic and anti-spasmodic properties. It is loaded with vitamins, minerals, natural antioxidants, polyphenols, essential oil and flavonoids that promote overall good health.

It is a galactagogue which makes it beneficial for lactating mothers. Thus, it improves the quality, quantity and flow of breast milk. Hence, fennel seed powder should be consumed regularly to promote longevity and improve strength.

Composition of Fennel Powder

Fennel powder is a good source of dietary fiber, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin and phosphorus.

Besides these nutrients, fennel seed powder contains essential oil which is responsible for its excellent flavour and aroma.

Furthermore, it also contains phytochemicals (health promoting compounds) and flavonoids such as rutin, quercetin, kaempferol and Rosmarinic acid. These compounds prevent the onset of diseases and disorders that are induced by oxidative stress. (1, 2)

Health benefits of Fennel Powder

The main benefits of fennel powder are discussed below:

Anti-Diabetic Potential

Fennel powder is a traditional medicine used for the management of diabetes mellitus. Essential oil present in it possesses antioxidant properties. These antioxidants protect pancreatic beta-cells against attack by free radicals and lower the level of oxidative stress. Such a protective action of fennel seed powder helps in reducing high blood glucose level (hyperglycemia). It further prevents the onset of diabetic complications.

In addition to this, high phytochemical content and presence of dietary fiber in fennel powder slows down the entry of glucose into the blood post meal and thus, prevents spike in the blood glucose levels. (3)

Fights Bacterial Infections

Essential oil present in fennel powder is effective against growth of S. mutans. S. mutans is bacteria that contributes to tooth decay.

Consumption of fennel powder inhibits the growth of this bacteria in the oral cavity and thus, it helps in maintaining oral hygiene. Anethole, an active compound of fennel seed powder is responsible for its anti-bacterial property.

Furthermore, studies have found that fennel powder protects against fungal infection of mouth, intestine and respiratory tract. Such a potential of saunf powder is attributed to the presence of various phytochemicals in it. (4)

An Effective Galactagogue

Prolactin is a hormone that enhances milk production in breast-feeding mothers.

A very interesting research found that the level of prolactin in the blood increased after consumption of fennel powder. This further improved breast milk sufficiency in feeding mothers.

Active ingredients present in saunf powder such as anethole, fenchone and estragole promote lactation by increasing the milk volume and improving the composition.

These ingredients are phytoestrogen that mimic the action of estrogen, a female hormone. Estrogen increases the secretion of breast milk in women. Thus, fennel seed powder acts as an galactagogue and enhances overall milk production and its flow. (5, 6)

Boosts Immunity

The immunomodulatory properties of fennel powder is attributed to its high content of polyphenols and antioxidants.

Consumption of this powder increases the production of red blood cells. Increased oxidative stress and free radicals attack the red blood cells and damage their cell membrane. This further suppresses the immune system and increases the risk of infections.

Antioxidants present in fennel powder neutralize the harmful action of free radicals. Thus, it treats anemia, enhances immunity and keeps infections at bay. (7)

Role in Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea is also known as menstrual cramps or increased pain during periods.

An interesting study found that consumption of fennel powder completely relieved pain in 80% menstruating females.

It inhibits the contractions and lowers the intensity of pain.

Besides this, fennel seed powder also helps in the treatment of nausea and weakness which are common during menstruation. (8)

Enhances Liver Health

Essential oils present in fennel powder protect the liver against injury caused by chemicals. Antioxidants present in this powder scavenge free radicals that otherwise cause damage to the function and structure of the liver.

Fennel powder contains phenolic compounds that help in the regeneration of livers cells. Active ingredient such has ‘anethole’ restores normal function and structure of the liver.

Furthermore, oxidative stress increases the level of liver enzymes. As fennel seed powder possesses strong antioxidant properties, it helps in bringing back liver enzymes within normal range.

Thus, fennel seed powder protects the liver against harmful action of chemicals. (9)

Anti-Stress and Anti-Anxiety Potential

Fennel powder plays a significant role in lowering stress level. It reverses memory deficit and enhances overall memory too.

Furthermore, fennel powder acts as a natural drug that is used for the treatment and management of anxiety associated with physical and psychological symptoms.

Antioxidants present in this powder neutralize free radicals that attack the brain cells and thus boosts overall brain health. (10, 11)

Other Health Benefits

Studies have revealed that fennel powder is a natural pain-killer that helps in relieving pain and spasms. Furthermore, it acts as a potent diuretic, a drug used to increase production of urine. Besides this, fennel seed powder (saunf powder) helps in weight loss and promotes lowering of high blood lipid level. (12)

Fennel Powder

Fennel is a fragrant member of the Apiaceae family with golden umbels and dissected, feathery leaves. A commonly cultivated plant, it is also largely found in the wild around the Mediterranean. The fruit, referred to as fennel seed, is a well-known aromatic and is generally employed as an ally in supporting digestion. Our fennel powder is ground from organically cultivated Foeniculum vulgare seeds. Fennel seed powder can be incorporated into herbal syrups, added to culinary dishes and baked goods, and used in tincturing.

Fennel seed supports healthy digestion and was traditionally used to relieve occasional gas and bloating.*

Fennel was highly valued in the ancient world by Romans, Greeks, Egyptians, Chinese, and Indians for its value as a carminative, expectorant, and as a talisman used in various rituals. Fennel is a food plant that can be eaten as a vegetable, is prized as a tasty aromatic spice for a variety of Ayurvedic and Mediterranean dishes and is used as a flavoring in various liqueurs such as gin and absinthe. Due to fennel’s gentle nature, it is used to support digestion in infants and children and can be given to nursing mothers.

Fennel can be an annual, biennial, or perennial plant that can grow up to 6 feet tall, has bright yellow umbrella shaped flowers typical of those in the Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) family, and green feathery leaves that are similar to those of its cousin dill (Anetheum graveolens).

Continually utilized since the time of Hippocrates and later cultivated by the Romans, fennel has a rich history based on its properties as a food and spice, digestive stimulant, and a sacred ritual object. The original Greek name for fennel was ‘marathon’ or marathos which meant ‘to grow thin’ due to the use of the fennel seed by athletes to control their weight. The place of the famous “Battle of Marathon” was a plain in East Attica where fennel grew abundantly. Fennel was sprouted as part of a ritual honoring Adonis, the lover of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. In ceremonies honoring Dionysus (Bacchus), a thyrsus (a wand or staff of giant fennel with ivy vines and leaves, wound with ribbons and topped with a pine cone) was tossed around while dancing as a symbol of prosperity, fertility, and pleasure in general.

Pliny the Elder, an ancient Roman historian believed fennel supported the ability to see clearly; this belief is also mentioned in a variety of Ayurvedic texts (system of Indian traditional healing). Further, in medieval times, it was believed that if grown around the home, or hung above windows and doorways on Midsummer’s Eve, fennel would protect the inhabitants and ward off evil.

Various preparations and uses of fennel were recorded in Spain as far back as 961 B.C.E, and there are many references to this herb in historical poetry such as in Milton’s Paradise Lost where he refers to the “smell of sweetest fennel. ” In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), fennel (or xiao hui xiang) was powdered and made into a poultice for snakebites. In TCM, fennel demonstrates aromatic and warming properties and effects the liver, kidney, spleen, and stomach meridians (energetic pathways) and is therefore administered to increase appetite, quell nausea, and to allay occasional bloating.

In Ayurveda, fennel is called ‘samf’ or ‘saunf’, ‘madhurika’, or ‘shatapushpa’ (amongst other names) and believed to taste bitter, pungent, and sweet. It is considered neutral to slightly warming energetically and balancing to all three of the constitutional body types (vata, pitta, and kapha). It is considered to be one of the best carminatives and has been utilized to relieve gas and enhance digestion. Fennel is considered nourishing to the brain and eyes and calming to the spirit.

In various countries in the Mediterranean, particularly Italy and France, the leaves are put into salads, sauces, and puddings. Roman bakers put fennel under their loaves while baking in order to make the bread taste better, and perhaps to make it more digestable. Nicholas Culpepper (a 17th century botanist, avid astrologer, physician, and herbalist) wrote in his Complete Herbal that fennel should be boiled alongside fish in order to make it easier to digest.

In North America, fennel was used by the Cherokee as a carminative and thus administered to soothe digestion in infants and was also given to women during childbirth. The Pomo Indians used fennel as an eyewash and a digestive aid and the Hopi used fennel as a tobacco substitute for smoking.

In recent times, fennel is utilized mostly in the same way that it has been for thousands of years. It is an incredibly helpful digestive aid, an effective expectorant, a delicious food and spice, and may stimulate normal milk production in nursing mothers.

No known precautions. We recommend that you consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using herbal products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications.

*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For educational purposes only.

9 Health Benefits of Fennel Seeds

India’s love affair with fennel needs no introduction. The seed spice dominates a variety of our preparations. Did you know that India happens to be the largest exporter of fennel seeds, widely known as saunf. A common practice in most Indian households is to have few fennel seeds or saunf at the end of every meal. This practice you might think is to freshen the mouth, but think again. A concentrated source of minerals like Copper, Potassium, Calcium, Zinc, Manganese, Vitamin C, Iron, Selenium and Magnesium, the age old practice does much more than simply beat bad breath. From regulating blood pressure to water retention, fennel seeds pack a bevy of nutrients that make it a must have in your kitchen. In size and shape they resemble cumin or zeera, but fennel is a different spice altogether. Having sad that, without much ado, let’s learn about fennel seeds benefits.

Here are some 9 great fennel seed benefits: 

1. Helps Regulate Blood Pressure:A study published in the Journal of Food Science, found that chewing on fennel seeds helped increased the nitrite content in saliva, making it a great natural way to keep a check on blood pressure levels. Apart from this, fennel seeds are also a very rich source of potassium and since potassium is an essential component of cells and body fluids, it helps control your heart rate and blood pressure.

(Also Read: Blood Pressure: 6 Foods For Managing Blood Pressure)

Fennel seeds help regulate blood pressure.

2. Reduce Water Retention :Drinking fennel tea, regularly helps flush out excess fluids as it works as a diuretic. In addition, fennel seed helps remove toxins and reduces the risk of urinary tract problems. It also has diaphoretic properties that stimulate perspiration.

3. Fennel Tea for Constipation, Indigestion, IBS & Bloating:The tea is considered very useful to help indigestion, bloating and constipation because of the oils found in these seeds. Fennel seeds contain estragole, fenchone and anethole, which contribute to the plant’s antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties. For those with IBS, the volatile oils found in fennel seeds can help kick start digestion by promoting the production of gastric enzymes. For its multitude of gastrointestinal benefits, fennel tea is sure to help the digestive tract be healthy and happy.

4. Fennel Seeds Reduce Asthma Symptoms :Fennel seeds and their phytonutrients help clear sinuses. Sinus is a condition in which the cavities around the nasal passages become inflamed. They make a great tea to aid with bronchitis, congestion and cough as they have expectorant properties.(Also Read: World Asthma Day 2016: Home Remedies to Treat Asthma)

Fennel seeds are known to reduce asthma symptoms.   

5. Helps Purify Blood:The essential oils and fiber in these seeds are considered very useful to flush out toxins and sludge from our bodies, thus helping to cleanse the blood. It is very important to include foods in your diet that help cleanse your blood, to ensure there is smooth absorption of nutrients. 

6. Improves Eyesight:A handful of these seeds could do wonders for your eyesight too.  Fennel seeds contain Vitamin A, which is important for eyesight. In ancient India, extracts of these seeds were used to improve the symptoms of glaucoma.

7. According to Ayurveda:Fennel seeds reduce all 3 Trodosha (Vata, Pita, Kapha). The seeds have a cooling effect on the body. It is a good idea to consume a fennel seed drink during the scorching summer, to relieve heat from the body. The oil found in the seeds is carminative in nature, hence it is used in massage blends, especially in Ayurveda to calm the nerves and promote mental clarity.

Fennel seeds have a cooling effect on the body.

8. Great for Acne: When fennel seeds are eaten on a regular basis, they provide the body with valuable minerals like zinc, calcium and selenium. These minerals are very helpful to balance hormones and in helping up the oxygen balance. When consumed, fennel has a cooling impact on the skin, hence giving a healthy glow.

9. Keeps Cancer Away:The seeds also have very powerful free radical scavenging properties that help beat oxidative stress and protects the body from various cancers of the skin, stomach and breasts. Fennel seeds have a very potent chemo modulatory effect too.

In Ayurveda, fennel seeds are considered very auspicious. They were extensively used in various recipes in ancient India. The age-old secrets of health can be found in the simplest ingredients in our kitchens. We just need to unveil them.

Fennel seeds may keep cancer away.  

Although, research is lacking in some aspects, but, fennel seeds may give a boost to your health. Add them to your daily diet and you will see the difference!About the Author:Shilpa Arora ND is a renowned Health Practitioner, Nutritionist and certified Macrobiotic Health Coach. She has to her credit Doctorate in Natural Medicine. She is currently based in Delhi NCR region, successfully running her Nutrition Studio with individual consultations, offering life style programs supported by the most up-to-date clinical research.


The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. All information is provided on an as-is basis. The information, facts or opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

19 Amazing Benefits Of Fennel Seeds For Skin, Hair, And Health

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) seeds are considered quite useful for relieving various ailments, ranging from congestion and stomach gas to asthma and diabetes. The seeds contain powerful phytonutrients and antioxidants. The most potent of them is anethole that makes them highly nutritious and powerful. Fennel seeds are also called semillas de hinojo in Spanish, graines de fenouil in French, and budhur alfianal in Arabic. Read on to find out more about the health benefits of fennel seeds.

What Are The Benefits of Fennel Seeds?

1. May Improve Digestive Health

Fennel seeds are used to treat an array of digestive ailments, including heartburn, intestinal gas (and infant gas), bloating, and even colic in infants. The seeds have antispasmodic and carminative effects. The essential of the seeds can help treat other serious digestive ailments like irritable bowel syndrome (1).

Some sources suggest that fennel seeds may also help treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), diarrhea, constipation, and ulcerative colitis. However, more research is warranted in this regard.

2. May Provide Relief From Asthma And Other Respiratory Ailments

The phytonutrients in fennel seeds help clear sinuses. This may help relieve asthma symptoms. The expectorant properties of the seeds heal other respiratory ailments like bronchitis, cough, and congestion. A study explored the relaxant effects of fennel seeds on guinea pig tracheal chains (2). It concluded the seeds could offer bronchial relaxation. However, we need more research to understand the same effect in humans.

Fennel seeds may instead cause asthmatic symptoms in some individuals (3). Hence, talk to your doctor if you are vulnerable to asthma.

3. May Benefit Breastfeeding Women

Fennel seeds contain anethole (4). Some believe anethole mimics the properties of the estrogen hormone and increases milk secretion in women. Fennel seeds may benefit lactating women as they also are known to be galactagogues (substances that promote lactation) (5).

4. May Combat Bad Breath

Anecdotal evidence suggests that chewing fennel seeds may freshen your breath. The seeds have the flavor of anise (or licorice). Simply munching on 5 to 10 fennel seeds could freshen your breath. The seeds are believed to increase the production of saliva and may wash out the bacteria that cause bad breath. The essential oil of fennel has antibacterial properties that help fight the germs that cause bad breath. The longer you chew the seeds, the more refreshing you could feel.

5. May Help Fight Diabetes

A 2008 study found that fennel essential oil may lower blood sugar levels in diabetic rats (6). Fennel seeds are also a good source of vitamin C. Intake of the nutrient may lower blood sugar levels, though more research is needed to further understand this mechanism. The beta-carotene in fennel seeds may also reduce cholesterol levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Also, fennel seeds have a low glycemic index (7). Hence, they can be a good addition to a diabetes diet.

6. May Increase Breast Growth

There is limited research in this regard. Fennel is a popular ingredient in most ‘bust enhancing’ herbal products (8). This could be because it mimics the properties of human estrogen. Talk to your doctor before using fennel seeds for this purpose.

7. May Help Lower Cholesterol Levels

The methanol extracts of fennel were found to reduce cholesterol levels in mice. They also could reduce the deposition of fats (triglycerides) in the coronary arteries (9).

8. May Help Treat Edema

Edema is the swelling of tissues in the body due to excess fluid. Anecdotal evidence supports the efficacy of fennel seeds in treating edema. The anethole in fennel seeds may help in this regard (10).

9. May Boost Fertility

Fennel has estrogenic properties (11).  Anecdotal evidence suggests that these properties may also boost fertility. However, more research is warranted in this regard.

10. May Regulate Blood Pressure Levels

Fennel seeds contain potassium. Potassium is known to counteract the ill effects of sodium and regulates the fluid amount in the bloodstream. This may help lower blood pressure (12).

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the calcium in the seeds also may lower blood pressure. It may help keep the blood vessels toned, and may even help maintain heart rate. The fiber in fennel seeds may also play a role in regulating blood pressure levels.

Research shows the nitrites in fennel seeds may lower blood pressure levels (13). The seeds contain magnesium too. This nutrient is also known to lower blood pressure levels (14).

11. May Aid Hernia Treatment

Some sources mention the use of fennel seeds by traditional Chinese medicine for treating hernia (15). However, we need more research to confirm if they can be used in mainstream hernia treatment.

12. May Enhance Liver Health

In one 2011 study, fennel seeds inhibited liver cancer cells and increased the activity of certain antioxidant cells in the liver (16). The selenium in fennel seeds may also improve the function of liver enzymes. However, more research is warranted in this regard. Some sources suggest that fennel seeds may also help relieve urinary tract infections (17).

13. May Promote Weight Loss

Fennel seeds are rich in fiber and may aid weight loss and keep hunger pangs at bay. The seeds may also decrease fat storage and improve nutrient absorption. However, more research is warranted in this regard.

Fennel seeds have diuretic properties (18). They increase urine output and flush out the excess fluid from the body. This also may contribute to weight loss. However, this weight loss induced by fennel seeds could be a direct consequence of water loss and not fat loss.

A Korean study proved that the intake of fennel tea could suppress appetite in overweight people (19).

14. May Ease Morning Sickness

Fennel seeds may be used to calm the stomach and offer quick relief from morning sickness. Chewing fennel seeds or having fennel tea may help. Fennel seeds may also prevent stomach gas and encourage the expulsion of gas. They may help treat nausea as well. However, research is lacking in this regard.

15. May Improve Menstrual Symptoms

Preliminary studies have confirmed that fennel is safe and effective for easing menopause symptoms. It is also a known emmenagogue (20). The phytoestrogenic properties of fennel seeds may also help treat menstrual symptoms like cramps and hot flashes (21).

16. May Enhance Sleep Quality

Fennel seeds contain magnesium. Some sources suggest that magnesium may improve the quality and duration of sleep, especially in the elderly. The mineral may also help treat sleep disorders like insomnia (22).

17. May Treat Candida

The antioxidants in fennel seeds can help treat candida (23). The seeds also possess antibacterial and antifungal properties. They may be effective against Candida albicans (24). Taking a tablespoon of fennel seeds along with breakfast may help ease symptoms. You can crush them and add to your breakfast. You can also consume fennel tea by steeping the seeds in hot water and taking the infused tea in the morning.

18. May Improve Skin Appearance

Anti-aging dermatological skin care creams with fennel extracts have been formulated that help in protecting the skin from free radical damage and improve skin cell longevity (25).

How to use fennel seeds to Improve skin quality?

  • To tone your skin, you can take a handful of fennel seeds and add them to boiling water. Allow to cool. Add a few drops of fennel essential oil to the mixture. Filter it. Dab it to your face with the help of cotton balls as many times as you can throughout the day. Your skin will feel toned and thoroughly refreshed.
  • You can also use fennel seed steam facial for enhanced skin texture. Add a tablespoon of fennel seeds to one liter of boiling water. Lean over it and cover your head and neck with a towel for 5 minutes. Do this twice a week to clean the pores and make your skin glow.
  • You can also use a face mask. Prepare a fennel seed infusion by adding a tablespoon of fennel seeds to half a cup of boiling water. Wait for 30 minutes and add a tablespoon each of oatmeal and honey to it. Make a smooth paste and apply it to your face. Leave it on for 20 minutes. Wash off with lukewarm water.

19. May Improve Hair Health

The antioxidants and antimicrobial properties in fennel seeds may help treat a host of hair ailments. The seeds may help treat dandruff, scalp itchiness, hair breakage, and hair fall (26).

How to use fennel to reduce hair fall and breakage?

  • First, prepare fennel seed tea. You can pound three tablespoons of fennel seeds. Alternatively, you may choose to invest in readymade fennel seed powder. Boil two cups of water and add it to the powdered seeds. Keep the solution aside for about 15 minutes. Use it as the last rinse after you have shampooed and conditioned your hair. This may boost hair health and prevent hair breakage and hair fall.
  • You may also use a fennel seed-vinegar solution. You can use apple cider vinegar and glycerin along with fennel seeds to prepare a solution to treat an itchy and dry scalp. Boil a cup of water. Pour it over a spoon of crushed fennel seeds placed in a small bowl. Wait for 30 minutes. Add a spoon of vegetable glycerin and apple cider vinegar. Filter the solution with a cheesecloth. Massage the mixture into your scalp and hair and leave it on for some time. Rinse. The best part is that this tonic can be stored in a glass container for weeks.

These are the benefits of fennel seeds. In the following section we will check the nutritional profile of fennel seeds.

What Are The Nutrients In Fennel Seeds?


Nutrition Facts

Serving Size 87g

Amounts Per Selected Serving

Calories 27

Calories from Fat 1
% Daily Value
Total Fat 0 g  0%
Cholesterol 0 mg  0%
Sodium 45 mg  2%
Total Carbohydrate 6 g   2%
Dietary Fibre 3 g  11%
Protein 1 g


Amounts Per Selected Serving


Vitamin A 117 IU 2%

Vitamin C

10.4 mg  17%

Vitamin D

~  ~

Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol)

~ ~

Vitamin K

~ ~
Thiamin 0.0 mg  1%
Riboflavin 0.0 mg  2%
Niacin 0.6 mg  3%
Vitamin B6 0.0 mg  2%
Folate 23.5 mcg  6%
Vitamin B12 0.0 mcg  0%
Pantothenic Acid 0.2 mg  2%
Choline ~
Betaine ~


Amounts Per Selected Serving


Calcium 42.6 mg   4%
Iron 0.6 mg  4%
Magnesium 14.8 mg  4%
Phosphorus  43.5 mg  4%

360 mg

Sodium 45.2 mg  2%
Zinc 2.5 mg  1%
Copper  0.2 mg  3%
Manganese 0.1 mg  8%

0.6 mcg



*values sourced from USDA, spices, fennel seed


Though research is lacking in some aspects, overall, fennel seeds can give a boost to your health. Include them in your routine, and you will see the difference.

And tell us how this post on the benefits of fennel seeds has made your life better. Simply leave a comment below.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

Can we eat fennel seeds daily?

Yes, the benefits of fennels can be enjoyed daily if consumed in moderate amounts.

How much fennel can I consume in a day?

Five to seven grams of fennel seeds or 0.1 mL to 0.6 mL of the oil would do.

What can I substitute fennel seeds with?

Anise seeds can be a good substitute as they also have a licorice flavor. Since anise seeds have a stronger flavor, you can use them in small amounts.

Can you eat raw fennel?

Yes, you may eat raw fennel.

Which part of the fennel plant can we use?

The white fennel bulb and the green fronds are can be used. Fennel stalks are quite tough and are generally not consumed.

Is fennel good for the eyes?

Traditional medicine suggests that fennel is good for improving eyesight. It has anti-inflammatory properties and may help treat various eye related issues such as dry eyes, and watery or tired eyes. Ayurvedic remedies claim to use fennel to clear cloudy eyes, and help in the treatment of glaucoma and cataracts. However, research is lacking in this aspect.

Where do fennel seeds come from?

Fennel seeds come from the fruit of the fennel plant.