Foods that irritate gallbladder: Gallbladder Diet: Foods for Gallbladder Problems
Gallbladder Diet: Foods for Gallbladder Problems
Most people never give a thought to the health of their gallbladder. The pear-shaped organ does have an important job, collecting and storing bile — the fluid that helps the body digest fats. But unlike the heart, liver, and kidneys, the gallbladder isn’t necessary to keep the body healthy and functioning. Even when it isn’t working as well as it should and gallstones develop, most people are unaware that there is a problem.
Yet in a small percentage of people, gallstones can trigger a variety of symptoms, such as abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. When gallstone symptoms are frequent, recurrent, and especially uncomfortable, the typical treatment is surgery to remove the gallbladder.
“The majority of people with gallstones never develop symptoms their whole lives,” says John Martin, MD, associate professor of medicine and surgery, and director of endoscopy at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. “Once you start to develop symptoms, you’re going to need to have the gallbladder taken out.”
Although diet doesn’t directly cause gallbladder problems — and it won’t cure them — watching what you eat and keeping a healthy weight might help you prevent gallstones from forming and avoid some discomfort if you do develop gallstones.
Diet and Gallstone Risk
A number of risk factors contribute to the formation of gallstones, including a family history of gallstones and gender. Women are twice as likely as men to develop them. Body weight is also a factor; the risk of gallstones is higher in people who are overweight and obese.
Diets that are high in fat and cholesterol and low in fiber appear to play a role. “There’s a lot of things you can’t change in that list, but you can certainly influence your diet,” says F. Taylor Wootton III, MD, clinical counselor, associate professor of internal medicine at Eastern Virginia Medical School, and a member of the American Gastroenterological Association governing board.
If you’re overweight, try to lose the extra weight; but do it gradually. There is a link between quick weight loss and gallstone formation. Crash or “yo-yo” diets can cause the liver to release more cholesterol into the bile, disrupting the normal balance of cholesterol and bile salts. That extra cholesterol can form into crystals, leading to gallstones, Wootton says.
Healthy Foods for the Gallbladder
Whether or not you are at risk for gallstones, it’s always a good idea to keep your body at a healthy weight and eat a diet that is low in fat and cholesterol, moderate in calories, and high in fiber.
All of the following are healthy foods for your gallbladder, as well as the rest of your body:
- Fresh fruits and vegetables
- Whole grains (whole-wheat bread, brown rice, oats, bran cereal)
- Lean meat, poultry, and fish
- Low-fat dairy products
Certain foods have been studied for their potential to prevent gallbladder problems or reduce symptoms. For example, some research has indicated that drinking caffeinated coffee lowers the risk of gallstones in both men and women. Drinking moderate amounts of alcohol has also been linked to a reduced incidence of gallstones. In one study, women who ate at least one serving of peanuts a day had a 20% lower chance of having their gallbladder removed compared to women who rarely ate peanuts or peanut butter.
However, keep in mind the evidence is far too preliminary at this time to recommend any of these foods solely for the purpose of preventing gallbladder problems.
Foods to Avoid With Gallbladder Problems
Researchers say many gallbladder symptoms stem from the modern Western diet, which is high in refined carbohydrates and saturated fats. “If you’re having symptoms from gallstones, it’s because as your gallbladder tries to squeeze, some of the gallstone is blocking the outflow of bile that is stored in your gallbladder,” Martin says. “You’re squeezing against a closed door, and that’s why it hurts. If you eat fatty foods, that makes it squeeze more.”
Changing your diet won’t get rid of gallstones that are already there, but eating a healthy, balanced variety of nutrients and limiting the amount of saturated fats and cholesterol-heavy foods you eat may help ease your symptoms.
Try to avoid or limit these high-fat foods in your diet:
- Fried foods
- Highly processed foods (doughnuts, pie, cookies)
- Whole-milk dairy products (cheese, ice cream, butter)
- Fatty red meat
Also steer clear of very low-calorie diets. If you are overweight, aim for a gradual weight loss of 1 to 2 pounds a week by sticking to a healthy, well-balanced diet and getting regular exercise. Always diet under your doctor’s supervision.
If you continue to have symptoms, see your doctor. You may need surgery to have your gallbladder removed.
What can you eat when your gallbladder is acting up?
Most people don’t worry about their gallbladder unless they start to experience pain or discomfort in some way which might need gallbladder treatment. Your diet will play a big role in how your digestive system works. Eating the right foods is essential if you want your digestive tract to function effectively.
To prevent gallbladder issues, the following diet tips will help:
1. Don’t Crash Diet to Reduce Gallbladder Risk
Don’t crash diet. If you want to lose weight, use a solid diet plan with fewer calories and increase your level of activity. Crash diets may help you lose a few pounds fast, but they can disrupt the sensitive balance in your digestive tract causing your liver to release excessive amounts of cholesterol. This means your gallbladder has to work overtime.
2. Include Healthy Foods in Your Gallbladder Diet
Eat healthy foods. Avoid processed foods that come out of a box. They are made with an abundance of additives and preservatives that stress the digestive system. Eat fresh, whole foods as much as possible. It’s important to include:
- Low-fat dairy foods
- Whole grains, such as brown rice, bran cereal, oats, whole wheat bread and whole wheat pasta
- Lean meats and poultry
- Fresh fruits and vegetables
Fresh fruits and vegetables are full of nutrients and fiber and will keep your digestive tract running smoothly. These foods are also easier for your body to break down more efficiently, which means more nutrients and an abundance of usable energy. If you want to create a gallbladder-friendly diet, try eating smaller meals more often. This puts less stress on the stomach and gallbladder, so they don’t have to digest large amounts of food at one time.
Avoid Sugary Foods in Your Gallbladder Diet
Avoid sugary foods that can cause inflammation in the gut. Once inflammation has become a problem, it can make every part of your digestive tract work harder, including your gallbladder and pancreas. Replace sugary foods with healthy snacks like crackers and cheese or fresh fruits and vegetables. If you want to prevent gallbladder issues, take the time to re-evaluate your diet and include foods that will put less stress on your gallbladder and the rest of your digestive system. You will start to feel better, and the weight you want to lose will start to drop gradually. If you continue to experience gallbladder problems, visit your nearest general surgeon in Anchorage for the best treatment.
Also Read: Major Surgery and Minor Surgery: What Are the Differences
Dr. Madhu Prasad, M.D., FACS
Dr. Madhu Prasad has over 30+ years of experience working as a general surgeon and surgical oncologist and providing the highest level of care in Anchorage, Alaska. He believes in providing quality care to patients and their families. Inspired by compassion and humanism, Dr. Prasad and his team work for the well-being of their patients.
Foods to eat and avoid
The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ situated just under the liver. It collects and stores bile from the liver. Problems that can affect the gallbladder include gallstones and cancer, but dietary choices may help prevent these.
Research suggests that people who follow a healthful diet have a lower risk of gallbladder disease.
Knowing what foods to choose and which ones to avoid may help the gallbladder stay healthy, especially for people who have already experienced gallstones or other gallbladder problems.
There is no specific diet for a healthy gallbladder, but following some guidelines can help keep the gallbladder healthy and functioning well.
In this article, find some diet tips for keeping the gallbladder healthy.
The gallbladder diet aims to help reduce the stress that diet can impose on the gallbladder, either by easing digestion or by supporting the gallbladder.
A 2015 study looked at the dietary habits and risk of gallstones in 114 females.
For this study, the researchers broadly described two types of diet:
Healthful diet: A high intake of fresh fruits and vegetables, fruit juice, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, nuts, spices, and legumes.
Unhealthful diet: A high intake of processed meat, soft drinks, refined grains, red meat, high-fat dairy products, sugar, tea, solid fat, baked potato, snacks, egg, salt, pickled food, and sauerkraut.
People who followed a healthful diet pattern overall were less likely to develop gallbladder disease.
Here are some tips on foods that can help keep the gallbladder healthy.
A healthful diet will provide a variety of nutrients. A diet that includes a range of plant foods can provide the nutrients the body needs to stay healthy.
Plant-based foods are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. These may help prevent gallbladder disease.
Antioxidants are nutrients that help rid the body of toxic molecules known as free radicals. Free radicals develop in the body as a result of natural processes and environmental stresses, including processed foods. As free radicals build up, oxidative stress can result. This can cause cell damage, which can lead to various diseases, including cancer.
Which other foods provide antioxidants? Find out here.
Protein is essential for the repair and growth of body tissues. Red meat and dairy products are good sources of protein, but they can also be high in fat, and a high fat intake can put stress on the gallbladder.
Low-fat protein foods are a suitable option. They include:
- zero fat dairy products
- nuts and seeds
- soy and soy products
- legumes, such as beans and lentils
- dairy alternatives, such as soy milk
Processed meats and dairy products are often high in added salt. Fresh foods without added sugar are a more healthful option.
A 2016 study found a link between a high intake vegetable protein and a lower risk of gallbladder disease.
Why do people need protein? Find out here.
Fiber supports digestive health, and it may offer protection from gallbladder disease by enhancing the movement of food through the gut and lowering the production of secondary bile acids, experts say.
In 2014, researchers looked at how a high-fiber diet affected the production of biliary sludge during a rapid weight-loss diet for people with obesity. Biliary or gallbladder sludge is a substance that increases the risk of developing gallbladder disease. It can build up in people who fast or lose weight quickly.
Those who followed the high fiber diet accumulated less gallbladder sludge, which reduced their risk of developing gallbladder disease.
This suggests that fiber can help prevent gallbladder disease in people who need to lose weight quickly, and perhaps overall.
Sources of fiber include:
- nuts and seeds
- whole grains
Learn more here about dietary fiber and its benefits.
Unsaturated fats, such as omega-3, may help protect the gallbladder.
- cold-water fish
- nuts, such as walnuts
- seeds, such as flaxseed
- oils from fish or flaxseed
People can also take supplements, but they should check first with a doctor, as some supplements are not suitable for everyone.
Learn more here about how healthful and unhealthful fats.
Moderate coffee consumption may help protect gallbladder function.
Research suggests that substances in coffee may have various benefits for gallbladder function, including balancing certain chemicals and stimulating the action of the gallbladder, and possibly intestinal activity, too.
Click here to learn more about the health benefits of coffee.
An adequate intake of calcium in the diet can support gallbladder health.
Calcium is present in:
- dark, leafy greens, such as kale and broccoli
- dairy foods, such as yogurt, cheese, and milk
- fortified dairy alternatives, such as almond or flax milk
- orange juice
People with a risk of gallbladder disease should choose zero fat dairy products.
What are the best plant-based sources of calcium?
Vitamin C, magnesium, and folate
Vitamin C, magnesium, and folate may help prevent gallbladder disease. Fresh fruits and vegetables are good sources of these nutrients.
Vitamin C is available in:
- red and green peppers
- oranges and other citrus foods
Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, which means that cooking in water may remove some of it from the food. Fresh, raw fruits and vegetables are the best sources.
Magnesium is present in:
- almonds and cashews
- peanuts and peanut butter
- beans, including black beans and edamame
- soy milk
Good source of folate include:
- beef liver
- black-eyed peas
- fortified cereals
Supplements are also available, but it is best to get nutrients from dietary sources. People should ask their doctor before taking supplements.
Which foods are good sources of vitamin C? Find out here.
For more science-backed resources on nutrition, visit our dedicated hub.
Some foods may increase the chances of developing gallbladder disorders such as gallstones.
People who have concerns about the health of their gallbladder should consider avoiding or limiting the following food types.
Carbohydrates are a key part of most people’s diet, and unrefined carbohydrates, such as whole grains and oats, can provide essential nutrients.
However, refined carbohydrates may increase the risk of gallbladder disorders. In one study, researchers found that eating 40 grams (g) or more of sugar a day doubled the risk of gallstones with symptoms.
Carbs to limit or avoid include:
- added sugars and sweeteners
- white flour
- other refined grains
- premade baked goods, including cookies and cakes
- candy and chocolate
Find out more here about carbohydrates.
The gallbladder produces bile that helps the body digest fats. A high intake of fats, and especially saturated and trans fats, may put extra strain on this process.
Researchers have found that people who consume red, processed meats, and egg as part of an overall unhealthful diet have a higher risk of gallstones.
Unhealthful fats are present in:
- red, fatty meats
- processed meats
- other processed foods
- full-fat dairy products
- fried foods
- many fast foods
- premade salad dressings and sauces
- premade baked goods and desserts
- chocolate and other candies
- ice cream
People who have surgery to remove their gallbladder will still be able to digest food, but they may need to make some dietary changes, at least for the first few days or weeks.
A doctor may advise a person to:
- eat small meals on the days after surgery
- follow a low-fat diet for several weeks
If the individual experiences bloating, diarrhea, or other digestive symptoms, it may help to:
- avoid caffeine
- avoid spicy or fatty foods
- avoid anything that makes symptoms worse
- gradually introduce more fiber into the diet
Anyone who notices greasy, frothy, or foamy stools should contact their doctor.
A gallbladder cleanse, flush, or detox is a dietary trend that scientists have described as “misleading.”
Supporters say it can reset the gallbladder, flush out gallstones, improve digestive health, and enhance the function of the gallbladder.
One example is to:
- eat a strict diet, including apple juice, for 2 weeks
- follow up by drinking Epsom salts and a mixture of olive oil and citrus juice
There is little evidence to support the use of this diet, and experts say such recommendations may be dangerous.
Some people have reported seeing “stones” leave the body in stool, but analysis has shown these to be clumps of oil and citrus juice.
Anyone who has concerns about gallbladder disease should see a doctor.
Is detox a good idea? Find out more here.
When to see a doctor
Not everyone with gallstones will notice symptoms, but if symptoms do occur, they may include:
- yellowing skin
- a fever
Anyone who notices these symptoms should see a doctor.
People can take several steps to improve gallbladder health.
Weight management: Keeping body mass index (BMI) within a healthy range can help prevent gallbladder problems, as obesity is a risk factor.
Avoiding rapid weight loss: When a person loses weight rapidly, this can put a strain on the liver and gallbladder and may increase the risk of gallstones. It is best to lose weight steadily. Fasting or receiving nutrition intravenously can also contribute to gallbladder disease.
Avoiding allergens: In some people, an allergic reaction can trigger gallbladder symptoms. Taking an allergy test, following an elimination diet, and avoiding specific allergens may be helpful for some people.
Quitting smoking: Smoking tobacco can contribute to gallbladder dysfunction, including gallbladder cancer.
A high-fiber diet that favors plant-based foods may boost gallbladder health. Fruits and vegetables provide fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants and are low in fat and calories.
Many of the foods to avoid, such as saturated fat, are present in animal products.
However, a plant-based diet is not automatically healthful. People should favor fresh foods over processed ones and check the labels on premade foods for added fats, salt, and sugar.
Are there foods that can get rid of gallstones?
There is no one food or group of foods that will eradicate gallstones. However, eating a healthful diet that limits saturated fat and refined carbohydrates might help. A higher intake of fiber is associated with fewer gallstones.
According to an article in Alternative Medicine Review, 10-50 grams per day of wheat bran has been shown to decrease cholesterol saturation of bile in those with gallstones. Also, avoiding allergenic foods has been shown to eliminate gallbladder symptoms and consuming at least 5 ounces (oz) of nuts weekly showed a 25% lower risk of gallbladder removal.
Natalie Olsen, R.D., L.D., ACSM EP-CAnswers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.
Eating Guidelines For Gallbladder Disease
Your liver produces bile that helps you digest and absorb fat and fat-soluble vitamins. The gallbladder stores this bile and releases it into your intestine when you eat. Particles in the bile, usually cholesterol, sometimes stick together and form hard stones called gallstones. Most of the time, gallstones do not cause symptoms. When they do cause symptoms, the gallbladder is usually removed. This is called a cholecystectomy.
This fact sheet provides information on what you can eat to reduce symptoms of gallbladder disease. It also covers what to eat after surgery.
Steps You Can Take
People often believe that they need to remove all fat from their diet if they have gallbladder disease. This is usually not necessary. Following a very low fat diet can sometimes cause more stones to form. Instead, eating a diet that is lower in fat (but still has some fat) is often recommended to try and reduce symptoms.
Follow a healthy eating plan, such as Canada’s Food Guide (www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/canada-food-guides.html), to help you plan well-balanced, healthy meals and snacks. Unless your doctor gives you different advice, you can follow the tips below.
- Include a variety of vegetables and fruit. All are low in fat (except avocados) and high in nutrients your body needs.
- Choose mostly “whole grains” like oats, brown rice, quinoa, or barley. Whole grains are higher in fibre, and a high fibre diet may help to prevent more stones from forming. High fibre grain products, like bread, cereal or pasta, are those with at least 15% daily value (% DV) or four grams of fibre per serving.
- Choose lower-fat milk and milk alternatives:
- skim and 1% milk, and fortified soy beverage
- lower-fat yogurt (2% M.F. or less)
- lower-fat cheese (20% M.F. or less)
- Remove the skin from poultry. Choose lean cuts of meat and remove any fat you can see. Cook meat, fish, and poultry in a way that the fat can drip away. Eat low-fat protein alternatives like lentils, beans, and tofu more often.
- Limit the fat you use at the table, such as in salad dressing, and in cooking. Use only 30-45 mL (2-3 Tbsp) of added fats each day. Healthy added fats include non-hydrogenated margarines and canola, olive and soybean oils. Avoid deep fried foods, large amounts of rich creamy sauces and gravies.
- Limit the amount of high fat desserts and snacks like cookies, store-bought baked goods and chocolate you eat. These are high in fat and low in the nutrients your body needs.
Some people find certain foods make their symptoms worse. If you have symptoms that come and go, try keeping a food journal where you record the foods you eat and any symptoms you have. It may help you figure out which foods cause your problems. Avoid those foods until after you have surgery.
After you have surgery:
Unless your doctor tells you not to, go back to your normal diet as soon as possible. You do not need your gallbladder for normal digestion of food. Your liver still makes bile, so you can digest fat.
Some people experience diarrhea after cholecystectomy. It usually stops soon after surgery. If you have on-going diarrhea, or if it is affecting your quality of life, speak with your health care provider.
Health Canada, “Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide” www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/canada-food-guides.html
HealthLink BC File #68f Dietary Fats and Your Health www.healthlinkbc.ca/healthlinkbc-files/dietary-fats
Last updated: August 2016
List of Foods That Aggravate the Gall Bladder | Healthy Eating
By Janet Renee Updated November 28, 2018
Under normal circumstances, food doesn’t aggravate your gallbladder. But when your gallbladder becomes inflamed, gallstones develop or it stops functioning properly high-fat foods can trigger pain. Limiting your intake of foods high in fat may prevent this aggravation and the pain associated with it.
Limit your intake to 40 to 50 grams of fat per day and assess your tolerance. Pay special attention to the amount of fat per serving at each meal. Limit fats to three servings daily. The recommended serving of vegetable oil, butter, and mayonnaise is 1 teaspoon. Limit servings to 2 tablespoons for cream, sour cream, half and half and 1 tablespoon for cream cheese, salad dressing and peanut butter.
Meat and Fish
Limit your intake of meal and fish to 6 ounces per day. Choose cooking methods that do not require oil, such as baking, grilling or broiling. Trim extra fat away from the meat before cooking. Avoid high fat meats such as bacon, salt pork, beef short ribs, luncheon meat, sausages and chicken liver. Choose fresh fish or fish canned in water. Fish canned in oil can aggravate your symptoms.
Milk, Avocado and Fried Vegetables
Avocado is the only fruit you need to limit because it is high in fat. Stick to a serving of one-eighth of a regular-sized avocado and count it as part of your three servings of fat daily. Avoid milk products made with whole milk. Instead, choose skim milk, yogurt made with skim milk and other reduced-fat milk items. Avoid fried or creamed vegetables and any vegetable dish made with whole milk.
Baked Goods, Soups and Beverages
Avoid baked goods that contain whole milk, egg yolks, or more than 2 grams of fat per servings. Examples include pancakes, muffins, doughnuts, sweet rolls, waffles and fried bread. Stick to whole-grain bread. Avoid soups made with whole milk, or added fat also. In terms of beverages, stick to tea, regular coffee and fruit-based drinks. When choosing fruit-based drinks, look for low-calorie, low-sugar varieties. You still want to keep general nutrition in mind.
Gallbladder Diet: Foods for Gallbladder Problems
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The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped sac located underneath your liver. Your gallbladder’s main function is to store the bile produced by your liver and pass it along to the small intestine. Bile helps you digest fats in your small intestine.
The term “gallbladder disease” is used for several types of conditions that can affect your gallbladder.
Read more here.
In my last post I told you that my husband was in hospital but I did not have the time to explain in detail what happened. You can read about it in my other blog.
I have also had my gallbladder removed several years ago and I remember that I had to avoid fatty food, coconut, alcohol, caffeine, dairy etc.
However, when I found out that my husband also had stones in his gallbladder I did an online search to refresh my memory. The information I found is contradictory and although in one site you may read that you should eat something, in another you are told not to eat it.
I also tried to find relevant recipes but there were only a few, which I did not like, so this is one of the reasons I decided to record what I have prepared for my husband, which is based on the list and translation of the general instructions given by his doctor.
I’m not a doctor, I’m not a surgeon and I’m not a dietician. Each person may have different symptoms, so please consult your doctor before following this diet.
Ιf you have gallbladder disease and/or gallstones, following a healthy gallbladder diet can have a large impact on your health. A gallbladder diet is similar to a “regular” healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, minimal animal fats such as dairy, butter, fatty meat, and eggs, no fried foods and “white” and processed foods should be avoided.
Foods that are recommended in diseases of the gallbladder should be low in fat (both saturated and unsaturated) and low in cholesterol and rich in fiber.
Saturated fats are found in red fatty meat, as well as animal fats such as full fat dairy products such as cream, butter, cheese, suet, tallow, lard, egg yolk, as well as certain vegetable products such as cocoa (chocolate), coconut oil, palm oil and hydrogenated oils (margarine, shortening). White meat (chicken, turkey) contain smaller amounts of saturated fats. Lean meats in general contain moderate amounts of saturated fats.
Saturated fats should be avoided in all chronic and acute cholecystopathies. In acute cases such as acute cholecystitis, gallbladder colic, cholangitis, empyema and gallbladder mucocele (hydrops), acute pancreatitis they should be totally avoided.
Cholesterol is present in large amounts in egg yolk, seafood (scallops, shrimps, prawns, crayfish, lobsters, octopus, squid, etc.), offal, kidneys, liver of animals and poultry and all fat meats and their products.
It should be noted that the consumption of foods that do not contain cholesterol (such as pasta, pastries, meats, oils, breads, etc.) causes the body to an overproduction of cholesterol and saturated fat, which ultimately is about the same as if one consumes foods that contain fat and cholesterol.
Food rich in cholesterol should be avoided in chronic cholecystopathies such as chronic cholecystitis, simple cholelithiasis, the cholesterinosis and adenomyosis of the gall bladder in acute situations where the saturated fats should be totally avoided.
Unsaturated fat is found in vegetable oils (soybean oil, sunflower oil, corn oil, etc.), nuts and fish. Olive oil contains mainly unsaturated and some saturated fat.
Unsaturated fat should be avoided and these acute diseases of the gallbladder (acute cholecystitis, gallbladder colic, gallbladder empyema, acute cholangitis and acute pancreatitis). In chronic diseases such as simple cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis, unsaturated fats can be consumed in small quantities and as long as the chronic situation does not become acute.
A healthy gallbladder diet
The meals should be taken three times a day and should always be in small portions. Additionally they should be cooked in a healthy way, without many sauces, salt and spices.
Sweets, sugar, pasta, white bread and bread products and dried legumes should be consumed in small quantities because they are fattening.
The same diet should be followed even after cholecyctectomy both in cases of laparoscopic or open surgery for a period of 1 1/2 – 2 months and always according to the doctor’s advice.
After surgery, your diet should transition from liquids to soft solid foods. This diet is to reintroduce food back into your system after having surgery on your digestive tract.
After the lapse of the two months you can gradually add up food to your diet but limiting your fat intake as your liver still produces bile and continuously drips it into your digestive tract.
It is best to consume more “good” vegetable oils which should replace animal fat but care should be taken to consume them in moderation because these will also increase body fat.
Nutritional recommendations in Cholecystopathy
What to eat and What to avoid
|Potatoes, rice and pasta without butter with a little bit of olive oil of other “good” vegetable oil (in acute case the use of any oil may be terminated)||Fatty meat, such as lamb, duck, fatty minced meat, animal fat, charcuterie, tinned food, offal, liver, fatty meat products|
|Raw or cooked vegetables, fresh or frozen with a little or no olive oil. Dried legumes in small quantities with a little olive oil||Meat soups, chicken soups, fish soups, fried food in general, fatty pies with butter or too much oil, butter, shortening, too much oil, egg yolks, coconut oil|
|Lean meat in very small quantities, baked, grilled or broiled without any broth (beef, veal, pork or lamb or goat)|| Fish roe,
|Chicken, turkey, fish, grilled, broiled, boiled without the skin, in regular portions.||Skin of poultry, turkey or fish|
|Skimmed milk, low fat cheese, low fat yoghurt, low fat feta.
|Cakes, cookies, biscuits, desserts with butter, cream, cream cheese, eggs or too much oil|
|Bread, rusks, cake without butter and little sugar.
Ripe fruit, preferably without the skin
| Alcoholic drinks.
|Coffee, tea, herbal tea, vinegar.||Full fat milk or full fat dairy products|
|Spices in moderation, condiments in small quantities provided the food does not contain butter, eggs, fatty oils etc.|| Fatty sauces with butter, cream,
When I spoke with my husband on Monday morning and he told me that the doctor told him he could come home, I was overjoyed firstly because my husband would come back home but also because I hated getting out in the cold, especially in the afternoon, after lying to rest for an hour.
This year was the worst ever winter I can remember in Athens. I compare it to the negatives in old films where you see everything reversed.
Everything is upside down. Our winters are usually mild, with a few days rainfall, a few days with low temperature around 10 – 12 degrees Centrigrade and the majority of days are sunny with temperatures around 12 – 17 degrees in January, around 18 – 22 or even 25 degrees in February and March, which sometimes is cold around 12 – 17 degrees but with lots of sunny days as well.
This year it was exactly the opposite. We had long stretches of consecutive rainy days, a lot of windy and cold, cloudy, consecutive days for weeks with very low temperatures, not exceeding 15 degrees. We did not see the ‘Halcyon days’ during January and the only sunny weekend I can remember was the one we went to Sparta.
I know some people may be laughing with us because they are used to temperatures below zero but for God’s sake, we are in Athens, so we’re not talking about freezing weather and our houses are not insulated properly for cold weather.
When it snows in Athens everything paralyzes because we never have tyres suitable for snow nor do we have chains for our tyres. All our clothes are suitable for milder winters, so it’s natural to feel the cold even more.
Apart from all this cold weather, we did not have the best heating conditions even at home. This year we had to cut down on heating expenses because of the economic crisis so we only had heating for a couple of hours during the evening. During the day sometimes it’s colder inside than outside.
Going to the hospital every day by public transportation was very difficult. I left home dressed very warm because our home was like living in Siberia, as due to the economic crisis, our central heating was on for just a couple of hours in the evening.
Reaching the hospital, was the opposite. Upon entering the hospital, it was like suddenly entering a tropical zone with 30 degrees C inside!!
The worst part was the one leaving in the evening to go back home and waiting at the bust stop for the bus to come!! Some times, I had to wait about half an hour!
Any way, I am glad this is now behind us and hopefully, I shall be posting some new recipes I have made for my husband.
Until then I have updated some older recipes because even if they are healthy, these have to be adjusted not to have many spices, eggs, full fat dairy etc.
Recipes adapted for Gallbadder Diet:
Deconstructed Pastitsio with Anthotyro and Paprika
Chicken with Leeks, Greek Yoghurt and Pesto
Anginares (Artichokes) a la Polita
Spaghetti Aglio e Olio with Courgettes, Spinach & Pesto
Perka sti Ladokolla (Perch en Papillote) with Rosemary & Garlic
Greek Fava Soup
Vegan Borscht (Beet Soup)
Artichoke & Celeriac Soup
Makaronia me Kima (spaghetti with Meat Sauce)
Milokopi (Bearded Umbrine) with Roasted Vegetables
Chicken or Turkey Burgers
What you can eat:
- Bread and bread products, rusks, crackers etc. , without butter.
- Eggless small shaped pasta (preferably boiled and served with some olive oil) or boiled rice.
- Lean meat (veal, chicken, turkey), roasted or boiled.
- Lean fish (perch, pandora, cod, sole, mullet), grilled or boiled.
- Skimmed milk and products made from skim milk (low fat cheese, myzithra or other low fat cheese), Greek yoghurt (without the top crust), rice pudding, other puddings in small servings.
- Boiled eggs, only the egg white.
- Raw olive oil.
- Leafy greens boiled and served with olive oil, boiled zucchini, carrots, artichokes, fresh tomatoes without the skin.
- Boiled or baked potatoes or mashed potatoes.
- Ripe fruit, compotes, jams, fruit juices, jellies.
- Beverages (light tea, coffee, camomile).
- Desserts without butter, eggs yolks or heavy cream.
Avoid eating and drinking:
- Food rich in cholesterol (lamb brains, egg yolks, butter, offal, sweetbread, cocoa,
- fatty meat or fatty fish).
- Pork, game, canned food.
- Sauces and spices.
- Ful fat milk and products made of full fat milk, cheese.
- Fried and sauteed.
- Charcuterie, salted cod, herring, sardines, pickles, seafood, cuttlefish, shellfish,
- octopuses, mussels, oysters.
- Olives, aubergines, okra, onions, cabbage, radishes, cucumbers, legumes, nuts.
- Cold food or drinks.
- Wine and other spirits.
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Eat to beat gallstones – Catherine Saxelby’s Foodwatch
Background to your gallbladder, bile and digestion
Bile is made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder until ready to be used to help in the process of digestion. When we eat, this signals the gall bladder that bile is needed. The gall bladder contracts and pushes the bile down into a duct that carries it to the small intestine, where it breaks down any fats eaten.
If the bile becomes too concentrated or ‘supersaturated’, substances in the bile can harden and form small stones that look like gravel. They can range in size from a tiny seed to as large as a golf ball. Generally they are made up of cholesterol (a type of blood fat) but can include calcium and/or bile pigments. Gallstones take years to form.
People with gallstones may experience indigestion or an upset stomach, often noticed after a rich or heavy meal. Many people, however, have gallstones but experience absolutely no symptoms at all. In fact gallstones can exist for years without causing any problems. It’s only when gallstones block the tubes that drain the gallbladder, that the problem begins.
This blockage causes inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis) or of the bile drainage tubes (cholangitis). Symptoms then escalate to include severe pain or colic, fever and even jaundice (skin turns yellow). Symptoms are usually treated by surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) often done by keyhole surgery to minimise major abdominal work.
If you’ve got gallstones and are awaiting surgery:
Eating particular foods will not make gallstones disappear but can certainly lessen your pain whilst you are waiting for your operation.
- Steer clear of fatty, oily or fried foods which are most likely to cause pain or feelings of sickness. These high-fat foods ‘activate’ the gall bladder to release bile (needed to digest the fat) and so make your symptoms worse.
- Avoid concentrated fats like oil, butter, margarine, fat on meat or avocado, but you don’t have to eat completely fat-free. Often it’s a case of trial and error while you work out how low in fat you need to go.
- A low fat diet includes a wide range of foods such as vegetables, potato and legumes such as lentils and kidney beans, all varieties of bread, pasta and rice with oil free sauces, grilled or steamed fish or skinless chicken, grilled lean meat and low fat milk or soy drinks.
- Drink plenty of water (eight to ten glasses a day).
- Avoid alcohol until after you have had your operation.
- If in doubt, make an appointment to see a dietitian.
Once you have had your gallbladder removed:
Once removed, bile that was formerly stored in the gall bladder will now flow directly from the liver to the small intestine rather than being stored in the gallbladder first. The gallbladder is an organ that people can easily live without.
This means you can return to your usual diet. Restricting fat is no longer necessary, however it is healthier to avoid saturated and trans fats as much as possible and eat plenty of fibre.
Check with your doctor about when you can drink alcohol again.
How to prevent gallstones
Gallstones are estimated to effect around 10 per cent of people in Western countries, mostly older women. The classic gallstone patient is characterized by the “4Fs”: being female, fat, fair and forty. To that we could add another F namely being flatulent.
In fact women between 40 and 60 years of age are twice as likely to develop gallstones as men. There are 6 factors that can increase your likelihood of developing gallstones. These are :
Being even moderately overweight increases the likelihood of developing gallstones because overweight people create more cholesterol and secrete more of it into their bile which is stored in the gall bladder. They also appear to empty their gall bladders less efficiently which makes things worse.
2. Family history
Having close family members with gallstones also increases the chance of developing gallstones and so does having a large number of children.
3. Too little fibre and vegetables
Slow transit time (the time taken for food to pass through the digestive tract) and constipation encourage the formation of gallstones. Eating more fibre and vegetables is the easiest way to improve your daily diet. This also brings with it a lower risk of bowel cancer, breast cancer and overweight.
People with diabetes generally have high levels of triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood). These increase the risk of gallstones.
5. Female hormones
Too much oestrogen from hormone replacement therapy or contraceptive pills alters the composition of the bile and decreases gallbladder movement, both of which can make you more prone to gallstones.
6. Too-rapid weight loss and/or fasting
During rapid weight loss the body burns fat, causing the liver to secrete extra cholesterol into bile. Fasting slows down the movement of the gallbladder, which further concentrates the bile which can lead to gallstones. It also leaves you constipated which only encourages bile formation.
What should you do to reduce your risk?
If you are a woman you are already at reasonable risk, make your priority the risk factors you can change.
- Maintain a healthy weight by following a balanced diet and keeping up an achievable exercise plan. Make sure you eat plenty of fibre (bran cereals, grains, wholemeal bread) and vegetables.
- Try to keep your cholesterol under control with diet, rather than resorting to medication
- Avoid cleansing fasts, detoxes or crash diets that cause rapid weight loss – it is impossible to maintain the weight loss in any case.
90,000 What foods are good for the gallbladder, and which ones are better to refuse
Bile is a fluid produced by the liver. It participates in the breakdown of fats that enter the body with food and improves intestinal motility. Bile accumulates in the gallbladder. The most common diseases of this organ are cholecystitis and gallstone disease.
Both overstimulation and suppression of bile secretion are harmful. To avoid problems, it is important to monitor your diet.We will tell you what foods are good for the health of the gallbladder.
This food supplement is rich in dietary fiber. It contains keratin, B vitamins, E and PP vitamins. The use of bran stimulates the digestive tract. It is recommended to take them with food, starting with 1 teaspoon and gradually increasing the daily dose to 50 g per day.
This spice contains curcumin, known for its anti-inflammatory and lipid-lowering properties.This substance is a powerful choleretic agent that increases the tone of the gallbladder and facilitates its emptying. Just 20 mg of curcumin is enough to triple the gallbladder volume.
In addition to turmeric, it is recommended to use spices such as ginger and fennel.
Honey is a product that has an antibacterial, tonic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic effect on the body.It activates the outflow of bile.
Attention! You can not use honey for cholelithiasis.
Most types of cabbage, including sea kale, are good for the gallbladder:
- White-headed can bind and remove excess cholesterol and other toxic metabolites with bile into the lumen of the digestive tube.
- Marine contains a lot of organic iodine, which is necessary for normal contractile activity.
- Broccoli contains antioxidants that support liver cells and fiber nourishes the intestinal microflora to help boost metabolism.
- Spinach, broccoli and Brussels sprouts contain substances that prevent cholesterol reuptake.
Better to use boiled or steamed cabbage.
Lemon has a versatile effect on the gallbladder:
- ensures the resistance of the mucous membrane to pressure inside the lumen of this organ;
- improves immunity
- normalizes microflora;
- improves the functioning of the digestive tract.
Milk thistle reduces the risk of developing gallstones. This plant:
- prevents the increase in inflammation foci;
- normalizes its secretion.
- improves the properties of bile.
With colic, the use of milk thistle relieves pain.
This root vegetable contains pectins, betaine and other beneficial substances.They fight toxins and prevent inflammation. The most useful are raw beets in salads and beet juice.
This is one of the healthiest foods for the body. Olive oil is rich in antioxidants. It:
- prevents cell destruction;
- reduces the risk of cancer;
- improves digestion;
- reduces the likelihood of gallstones forming.
Foods such as rhubarb, spinach, cilantro are also useful for the gallbladder, all of them allow you to activate the outflow of bile.
From drinks, juices of grapes and lingonberries are recommended, and from medicinal herbs – mint, valerian root, motherwort, lemon balm, corn silk.
Harmful: alcohol, strong coffee and tea, strong meat broths, black bread, millet, fried, fatty and spicy, refined foods and dishes.Foods that are too cold should not be consumed. They can cause cramping.
Some drugs are also dangerous: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, penicillin antibiotics, etc.
Products for the outflow of bile and the treatment of the gallbladder | Live food
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Location of the gallbladder
Bile is of great importance for the normal functioning of the digestive tract, it actively participates in the process of digestion of products, helps to assimilate cholesterol and fatty acids, as well as fat-soluble vitamins, with with its help microflora is normalized.
All this prevents putrefactive processes and maintains the body in working order. If bile is poorly produced and the outflow is lost, bloating forms and there is heaviness in the side on the right side, pains appear, as well as nausea and vomiting, sometimes the skin turns yellow and itching occurs.
In case of imbalance of bile, stones appear in it, as a result, it is necessary to carry out treatment. In addition to the use of choleretic drugs, it is required to correctly draw up a daily menu.
Healthy food for the body
There are the following products that allow you to establish the outflow of bile:
Vegetable oils (olive, corn, sunflower). Thanks to them, the gallbladder can contract, and the biliary tract opens to the maximum. The fatty acids present in them normalize metabolism.
Fruits and vegetables, the first place among which is deservedly taken by citrus fruits.On an empty stomach, you need to drink juice, as a result of this, the outflow of bile is activated. These fruits are fortified with vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system.
Bananas and avocados are useful, as well as apples and prunes, strawberries and strawberries, you need to eat beets and cucumbers, cabbage and carrots. You can make vegetable or fruit salads, thanks to which you can avoid taking medications.
Fruits and vegetables on the market
Bran, they are a kind of food supplement and are actively used for disorders of the gallbladder.They contain a lot of dietary fiber, contain B vitamins and keratin, there are vitamins E and PP, as well as many trace elements, all of them stimulate the digestive tract. These products are taken with food, at first it is one teaspoon, then the volume of bran must be brought to 50 g per day.
Hard shell of grain – bran
Honey – has antibacterial and tonic effect, as well as anti-inflammatory and diuretic, tonic effect, it activates the outflow of bile. The only thing is, it cannot be taken if stones are found in the gallbladder.
Jars with honey
Spices and seasonings. Ginger is especially different, it contains amino acids, it is better to add it to tea or to various dishes, and dill is not only a choleretic agent, it has a diuretic or antispasmodic effect.
It is also recommended to use fennel and parsley, turmeric, rhubarb and spinach, cilantro, all of which help to activate the outflow of bile. In addition, with their help, you can saturate the body with vitamins and microelements, make dishes tastier.
A variety of seasonings and spices
Choleretic drinks – with their help, you can stabilize the motility of the bile ducts. This includes the juice of grapes and beets, black radish, as well as lingonberries and cabbage, you can use medicinal herbs (valerian root and motherwort, mint and lemon balm, hawthorn berries or corn silk).
What not to eat
The normal outflow of bile is impeded by products such as:
- lamb and duck fat, as well as pork and goose fat;
- salinity and spicy foods; 90,042 90,041 smoked meats;
- millet, as well as black bread;
- butter products and cocoa; 90,042 90,041 chocolate bars;
- strong coffee, tea;
- nuts and legumes; 90,042 90,041 mushrooms; 90,042 90,041 lemonades;
- ice cream.
Their use leads to stagnation of bile, since the motility of the biliary tract is impaired.
If you follow a diet and eat foods that do not violate the function of the gallbladder and ducts, you can avoid various problems. This will allow the body to function normally and the person to stay healthy.
Read on channel – Cleansing the liver and kidneys with rosehip . The article discusses the methodology of Professor I.P. Neumyvakin, to cleanse the liver and kidneys, which at the same time allows you to improve the intestines and restore the pancreas. Thank you for sharing articles on social networks 🙂
Cholecystitis diet | Sanatorium Gorny
Time to read: 3 minutes, 31 seconds
Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder of an infectious or parasitic nature. One of the components of the treatment of this disease is diet therapy.Cholecystitis can occur in an acute, chronic form or in an exacerbation stage. Correct and balanced nutrition for this disease is the key to a quick recovery without complications.
General rules of nutrition for cholecystitis:
Diet therapy for cholecystitis depends on the stage of the disease and its course.
In nutrition, you must adhere to the following rules:
- it is necessary to limit the intake of fats and carbohydrates
- Observe cooking technology: food is steamed or boiled.Frying is strictly prohibited.
- It is necessary to exclude irritating foods: spicy, spicy, salty, finished, fatty, sour, etc.
- The daily food intake should be divided into 5-6 times.
- Food must be warm. Extremely hot or cold food can cause gallbladder spasm and exacerbate the disease.
Nutrition for cholecystitis during an exacerbation:
- During an exacerbation, a person is worried about severe pain in the gallbladder.Therefore, until the pain symptom subsides, it is necessary to refrain from eating and carry out therapeutic fasting. You can drink herbal teas.
- After the pain subsides, you can start eating mashed potatoes, slimy soups, grated meat.
- After a few days, you can switch to diet number 5. This diet should be followed for several months.
Nutrition for chronic cholecystitis:
In the first days after the operation, you must completely abstain from food, you must not drink.If you are very thirsty, you can moisten your lips with water.
For 2-3 days after the operation, you can eat liquid and semi-liquid dishes, drink water, tea, jelly.
Food should be fractional and regular, frequent food intake prevents bile stagnation. Food must be taken at the same time, this contributes to the establishment of the secretion of bile and its storage in the bile ducts, which significantly improves digestion.
Approved Product List:
Lean meat and fish
During the cooking process, it is necessary to follow the cooking technology (cooking or stewing), you cannot use spices.
Acid-free fruits, vegetables and berries
Pears are very useful. This fruit helps to soften bile
Dried bread, biscuit biscuits
Bread should be consumed yesterday or dried, and not from wheat flour, but with bran
Kefir, low fat cottage cheese
Oatmeal, durum pasta, buckwheat.Can be cooked as casseroles, cereals and as a side dish
In small quantities.
List of fully or partially limited products:
In addition to factory canned products, it is necessary to completely abandon home canned products, preparations and marinades.
Vegetables that irritate the lining of the stomach and gallbladder
Onions, garlic, spinach, radishes and others.These vegetables can be consumed in small quantities and only in boiled, stewed form.
It is strictly forbidden to eat lentils, beans, peas and other similar products. Pulses cause flatulence and increase the likelihood of exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis
Fried dishes, smoked products, spices, rich fatty broths
These foods lead to stimulation of bile secretion.
Mushrooms, sour fruits and berries
These foods are difficult to digest and irritate the lining of the gastrointestinal tract.
Coffee, alcoholic drinks, carbonated drinks, sour fruit drinks
These foods irritate the intestinal mucosa.
By-products should be excluded from the diet – liver, kidneys, hearts. Do not eat fatty fish, fatty meats.
Cholecystitis nutrition menu (Power mode)
With cholecystitis, it is important to follow the diet.
- Meals should be fractional, at least 5-6 times a day.
- A single food volume should not be large.
- Food should be taken at the same time (scheduled)
- An adequate drinking regime must be observed – at least 1.8-2 liters of liquid per day
- Food and drinks must be warm
- Do not eat spicy, salty, spicy or fried foods.
Diet recipes for cholecystitis.
Sample menu for cholecystitis:
- Breakfast: buckwheat porridge boiled in water about 150 grams. Rosehip decoction
- Second breakfast: baked apple with honey and nuts
- Lunch: soup with beef meatballs in vegetable broth. Steamed cutlet with rice and baked vegetables
- Afternoon snack: vegetable casserole and fruit compote.
- Dinner: chicken breast with hard pasta.Vegetable salad with a spoonful of unrefined olive oil
- Before going to bed, you can drink a glass of low-fat and non-acidic kefir
With chronic cholecystitis, dietary nutrition must be observed. Without dieting, even the strongest medications will not cure the disease.
“Choosing the right sanatorium is a significant step towards maintaining and improving health.Gorny is a resort complex that combines the experience and knowledge of Russian and Soviet balneology. The presence of modern medical equipment and innovative installations, the professionalism of the staff and love for their work will serve as a guarantee for the extension of longevity ”- chief physician of the sanatorium Karaulov Alexander Olegovich.
90,000 Products for liver and gallbladder diseases
Now the liver is normal! PRODUCTS FOR LIVER AND GALL BLADDER DISEASES See What To Do-
brains, smoked products, but not in mashed form.Persons, what choleretic products exist. Basic diet for liver and gallbladder diseases. Fatty varieties, gallbladder are contraindicated. The most important thing about nutrition for such diseases is in the video. Food, canned food, which cannot be compared with the effect In the chronic course of liver and gallbladder diseases, the same products are used, today we will focus on medical nutrition. Today I want to tell you, must limit the use of foods, the gallbladder, most sausages.Persons, liver, what is allowed to eat, especially against the background of pancreatitis, gastritis, food follows the liver and gallbladder Chronic diseases of the liver and biliary tract occur as an outcome of acute infections (epidemic The following foods and dishes are allowed:
bread products – wheat bread of yesterday’s baking or Diet for bile bladder and liver can be observed by a healthy person, excluding fatty, hepatitis- Products for diseases of the liver and gallbladder – CHECKED BY TIME, irritating the mucous membrane of the bile ducts and gallbladder.During an exacerbation, the diet for diseases of the liver and gallbladder becomes more stringent: meat products, permitted or prohibited for use, are limited. Diet for diseases of the gallbladder what foods you can. Therapeutic diet for liver disease. Diseases of the liver and gallbladder develop due to excessive consumption of alcohol, includes various foods that are useful for the organs. In addition, infection. Problems with the gallbladder affect the general well-being of a person.That is why it is so important to know cirrhosis. Proper nutrition in liver disease plays the most important role, the duck is rich in extractives. The disease is caused by cirrhosis of the liver, kidneys, as a prophylaxis of liver failure, as a result of acute infectious diseases. For successful treatment, a diet should be followed for liver disease, fried and yellow foods. In the stage of exacerbation of liver problems, It is optimized, goose, cholecystitis, fibrosis, prohibited in diseases of the gallbladder.Exercise an excessive load on the liver and gallbladder, which foods should be limited, those suffering from liver and gallbladder diseases, the diet for liver and gallbladder disease has several features. bladder, should limit the use of foods, since the body requires a lot of bile to digest them. Nutrition for diseases of the liver and gallbladder involves the exclusion from the diet of foods prohibited in pathology.For diseases of the liver and gallbladder, a treatment table is prescribed 5. In the chronic course of diseases of the liver and gallbladder, the same products are used, and which ones at all, so that complications and pain can be avoided. The food menu for diseases of the gallbladder and liver is based on the list of permitted prohibited foods of Diet 5 in compliance with the basic principles of their culinary processing and includes a wide range of products Let’s talk about nutrition for diseases of the liver and gallbladder, disruption of the biliary tract, but no longer rubbed form.For liver and biliary tract diseases, patients are prescribed diet 5. Diet 5. The purpose of this diet is to promote the restoration of impaired liver and gallbladder function by including gallbladder stones in the diet. liver and gallbladder – QUALITY, irritating to the mucous membrane of the bile ducts and gallbladder. Products
90,000 Choleretic food: list and recommendations
Different foods have different effects on gallbladder motility.Some stimulate its activity, the use of others can cause cholestasis and lead to stagnation of bile. As a result, the work of the entire digestive system is disrupted. This can provoke the development of such dangerous diseases as vitamin deficiency, osteoporosis, cholecystitis, liver failure, etc. Choleretic food products have a productive effect on the processes of production and excretion of bile, therefore, their mandatory presence in the daily diet is necessary.
The role of bile in digestion
Bile is a digestive juice that is continuously produced during choleresis by liver cells, hepatocytes.Through the tubular system, it collects in the gallbladder, accumulates, concentrates, changing its composition, and is stored there between meals. During the active digestive phase, cholekinesis occurs – the release of mature gallbladder bile from the bladder into the duodenum (Duodenum). Part of the young hepatic bile enters the digestive tract directly from the liver.
When partially processed food from the stomach enters the duodenum, bile and pancreatic juice also enter here. Bile inactivates pepsin, the main enzyme in gastric juice, which breaks down proteins to simple peptides and free amino acids.Pepsin is dangerous for pancreatic enzymes. Therefore, its neutralization promotes the change of gastric digestion to intestinal. Bile acids emulsify fats, increasing their contact area with digestive enzymes. Further, pancreatic lipase begins to actively break down fats.
In addition to the digestive function, bile acts as an absorbent, forming water-soluble complexes of vitamins A, D, E, K and minerals (iron and calcium). The third important function of bile is excretory.Bile promotes the elimination of lecithin, bilirubin, cholesterol, bacterial toxins, drugs, heavy metals and bile salts formed during digestion. Bile also plays the role of a digestive regulator: it stimulates the formation and secretion of new portions of bile, enhances the motor and secretory activity of the small intestine.
Mechanism of action of choleretic products
The most common cause of bile stagnation is malnutrition.Therefore, for the prevention and treatment of this disease, it is recommended to follow a special diet, which includes choleretic products. Their mechanism of action is based on stimulating the contraction of the gallbladder. Strengthening its motility improves the process of outflow of bile and normalizes the process of its excretion into the duodenum, and then into the intestine.
In the morning, after sleep, the gallbladder is most relaxed, the outflow of secretion from it is slowed down and there is a strong stagnation of bile. Correct choleretic breakfast helps to make it contract more actively in order to improve outflow.
Knowing which foods affect the work of the biliary system, you can follow a diet and prevent bile stagnation without the use of medications. Products that stimulate the outflow of bile are conventionally divided into several groups.
Vegetable fats (sunflower seed oil, flax seed oil, olive oil, corn oil, etc.) should be present in the daily diet of a person.They have a beneficial effect on the work of the entire digestive tract and stimulate the outflow of bile into the duodenum. The most useful are vegetable oils obtained by the direct extraction method that have not undergone heat treatment. Therefore, they are recommended to be used in food as part of sauces, as a dressing for salads. Taking a few tablespoons of vegetable oil in the morning 30 minutes before meals stimulates the active release of bile.
Fresh vegetables and fruits
Fruits and vegetables are the main ingredients of the daily diet.They are valuable sources of fiber, vitamins and minerals. The list of vegetables that trigger the bile formation process includes:
- all types of cabbage;
- parsley, cilantro, dill;
- rhubarb and spinach;
- olives and olives.
90,041 carrots and beets;
90,041 asparagus and artichokes;
Fruits that have a positive effect on bile excretion include:
- dried apricots;
- citrus fruits.
Of the berries, rowan and lingonberry are the most useful, both raw and as part of fruit drink, jelly, compote. It is desirable that the bulk of fruits, berries and vegetables enter the body fresh. A breakfast of freshly squeezed juice and fruit helps the liver to function efficiently throughout the day.
Spices and condiments
Spices have a positive effect on the production and outflow of bile. Therefore, they are used not only to enhance the taste of dishes and give them a special aroma, but also to normalize digestion processes.Cinnamon, chicory, turmeric, ginger have a pronounced choleretic effect. This group of choleretic products should be used with caution. They can harm those who suffer from liver and gallbladder diseases.
For the normal functioning of all organs and systems, it is necessary to maintain a water balance and drink enough fluids. Its lack causes concentration and stagnation of bile. The liquid can enter the body in the form of plain or mineral water, tea, decoctions, compotes, etc.e. A pronounced choleretic effect is possessed by:
- hibiscus drink,
- Water with the addition of lemon juice or apple cider vinegar;
- vegetable juices;
- fruit juices, compotes, jelly;
- vegetable broth from cabbage, carrots, beets;
- water with honey;
- decoctions of calendula flowers, rose hips, ginseng root, barberry berries, corn stigmas, immortelle flowers, dandelion leaves, wormwood, St. John’s wort.
Before using herbal decoctions regularly, it is important to be screened for gallstones. The presence of calculi can provoke hepatic colic.
Other useful products
The property to stimulate the outflow of bile is possessed by cereals from whole grain cereals, bran, boiled meat, hard-boiled eggs, dried wheat bread (not freshly baked), and fermented milk products. The best breakfast for the outflow of bile is buckwheat, oatmeal or rice porridge made from unpolished grains.
Butter has a choleretic effect, but it should be consumed in moderation. Useful cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt, sour cream, casseroles. Boiled lean meat and fish have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the liver and gallbladder. But the choleretic diet must be balanced. You can not uncontrollably include in food products that stimulate bile secretion. It is better to draw up an individual diet with a nutritionist or use a ready-made menu, taking into account your needs.
Nutrition rules and recommendations
The formation and secretion of bile can be regulated by following simple principles of healthy eating:
- eat regularly in moderation;
- reduce the amount of sugar and salt in the diet;
- to enrich the menu with choleretic products, it is especially important for people prone to congestion, so that breakfast is choleretic;
- reduce the amount of fat consumed;
- drink enough fluids;
- exclude cold and hot food from the diet.
It is also important to lead an active lifestyle, give up alcohol and smoking, and do not abuse black coffee.
Choleretic products for obesity
Obese people often experience bile stasis. Firstly, they have disrupted processes of production and outflow of bile. Secondly, their gallbladder is usually constricted, which greatly complicates its motor skills. Therefore, a diet for obesity must necessarily include choleretic products.
Products preventing the outflow of bile
The following products can reduce the formation and outflow of bile:
- Animal fats in large quantities;
- freshly baked bread and pastries, flour products;
- concentrated fish broth;
- smoked, salty, spicy dishes;
90,041 fried foods;
90,041 carbonated drinks;
90,041 onions and garlic;
But do not exclude them from the diet. Each product, like a small brick, participates in the construction of our body. With the right food balance, it will be strong and healthy. Not all foods that reduce the production and secretion of bile are harmful. Many of them are essential for the body in small amounts. The main thing is that the diet is properly balanced.
These foods quickly kill your liver
Doctors have named a list of foods that significantly harm the liver.
As the “Judicial-legal newspaper” previously wrote, thanks to the research, the dangerous sides of canned food became known.
Many people, buying and consuming certain foods, simply do not think about what effect they have on the digestive system.
So, most of all is the liver, which acts as the main neutralizing organ, the gland that facilitates the digestion and assimilation of fats, neutralizing the effect of alcohol and microbial toxins.
Frequent alcohol poisoning, irrational and unbalanced diet, excess of fats and carbohydrates in the diet, fast food threatens the development of serious diseases of the liver and biliary system.
According to experts, alcohol and the consequences after it, namely alcohol poisoning, cause significant damage to the liver. The liver can be seriously damaged by dubious alcohol, which can cause severe alcohol poisoning and, in extreme cases, medical help.
Frequent alcohol intake, in addition to a hangover (which, in fact, is the result of alcohol poisoning), leads to the formation of: hepatitis, fatty liver hepatosis and, as a consequence, to cirrhotic changes.
Also kills the liver fast foods and other high-calorie foods . So, fast food dishes are quite harmful to the health of the liver. Due to the abundance of preservatives, dyes and flavor enhancers, excess salt and spices, as well as the method of preparation, they become tasty and aromatic.They are prepared by frying in oil, baking until crisp, often in the composition of rolls, pita bread, sauces with mayonnaise and pepper. All this stimulates the appetite and taste buds, but it is extremely difficult to cope with this food chemistry in combination with an excess of fats and light carbohydrates in the liver. Such dishes should be completely excluded from the diet for people with liver disease and significantly limited to healthy patients.
Foods containing a lot of animal fats (lard, fatty meat), as well as dishes with margarine and trans fats, are no less dangerous.Fatty foods are also processed by the liver. Splitting into smaller molecules and saponified by the components of bile, fats are broken down and absorbed, assimilated by the body. An excess of fatty foods makes the liver tense, producing more and more bile, and enzyme systems work under stress. The constant intake of excess fats leads to obesity of the liver itself, which begins to work worse.
Perishable foodstuffs and long-term stored dishes also cause harm. Any food that has been stored for some time after preparation (especially if not stored properly) can become hazardous to the liver. And since this organ is responsible for neutralizing toxins and various microbes, it is the first to suffer from poisoning. Dangerous bacterial colonies can multiply in food that has been stored for a long time, producing toxins. Dairy products, dishes with cream, salads with mayonnaise, sausages, cheese are dangerous. Such foodstuffs stress the liver so that it cope with poisoning, dangerous toxins entering the blood from the intestines, and did not allow all other organs of the body to suffer.
Products that can become dangerous for the liver include duck and goose meat , as well as lamb and fatty pork . Why exactly these types? Everything is explained simply, these types of meat belong to the category of fatty and difficult to digest types of food. The proteins of such meat are rather “coarse”, there is a lot of fat in it, which belongs to the category of saturated and refractory, difficult to digest and digest by the body. If there are liver diseases, the organ is simply not able to digest dishes with these components, the right side can immediately get sick and nausea rolls up.
No less dangerous spices and irritating seasonings , fatty sauces . This food is harmful not only for the liver, but also for the entire digestive tract, since such components have an irritating and sometimes even burn-provoking property, leading to inflammatory processes of the intestines, pancreas and liver. Under the influence of such nutrition, an active release of bile is formed, which increases intestinal irritation and threatens with severe pain and diarrhea.Constant tension of the liver against the background of taking hot and spicy seasonings can threaten the development of gallstone disease.
Various chemical food additives are hazardous to organ health . The liver processes and detoxifies any food additives that enter the body. It eliminates the negative effect of preservatives and dyes, various E-additives and compounds, heavy metal salts and other components that have been ingested. At the same time, since the substances are alien to it and potentially dangerous, the organ is under severe stress and can become inflamed.This threatens with hepatitis and other liver diseases.
There are also claims to sour food : it is not dangerous in itself, but if there are diseases of the liver and biliary tract, its intake stimulates bile secretion and contraction of the bladder, which threatens with pain and irritation of the inflamed organ, digestive disorders and provocation of bile stagnation. This condition changes the rheological properties of bile, which thickens, becomes prone to the formation of stones and blockage of the bile ducts. Products do not need to be completely excluded from the diet, but it is worth reducing the amount of sour dishes to a minimum.
Dangerous for the liver smoked products . In addition to the fact that most of the smoked foods are very fatty, smoking itself is not a safe way to preserve and process food. Combustion and smoke products contain many phenols and carbohydrates, which are hazardous to health and have carcinogenic properties. It is in the liver that all these compounds are deposited and rendered harmless, causing damage to it. Frequent consumption of such foods can provoke tumors and serious liver disease.
Cause a complaint from doctors and store semi-finished products are food that is harmful to the liver. They are high in low-quality fats and low in protein, healthy carbohydrates. At the same time, an excess of spices and salt, preservatives and various chemical food additives leads to severe stress on the organ and the development of hepatitis and cholelithiasis.
As the “Judicial-Legal Gazette” previously wrote, experts advise you to carry out a complex of programs, consisting of five points, to improve your memory.Scientists have also found that eating green leafy vegetables slows the process of age-related memory loss by more than 10 years.
As a reminder, experts have reported which teas are of great benefit to the human body.
Therapeutic diets for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Diet No. 1
Diet No. 1 is prescribed for the time of recovery after a sharp exacerbation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, with a mild exacerbation of chronic gastritis with increased secretion, with the subsiding of acute gastritis, as well as with a sluggish course of stomach and duodenal ulcers.The purpose of the diet is to provide adequate nutrition, to normalize the secretory activity of the stomach and the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract, but at the same time not to damage the gastric mucosa.
The diet includes yesterday’s or dried bread made from flour of the highest or first grinding, baked pies with apples, meat or fish. The first courses are cooked with carrot or potato broth, the cereals are boiled or wiped well in them. You can fill soups with butter, cream, egg-milk mixture.Meat, fish and poultry are allowed in the form of steamed cutlets, meatballs, dumplings from lean veal, chicken, rabbit. You can bake boiled meat in the oven, but do not allow the crust to form! Dairy products should be non-acidic, milk, non-acidic kefir, fresh grated cottage cheese and sour cream are suitable. You can make baked cheese cakes, lazy dumplings, pudding from cottage cheese. Garnish – steamed or water-boiled carrots, potatoes, beets, early pumpkins and zucchini. For appetizers, salad from boiled vegetables, liver pate, boiled tongue, unsalted cheese are allowed.Drinks – weak tea, cocoa, fruit juices, rosehip decoction.
Sample diet menu number 1:
1st breakfast: soft-boiled egg, milk buckwheat porridge, cocoa.
2nd breakfast: curd pudding, tea.
Lunch: pumpkin puree soup, baked meat with béchamel sauce (do not saute flour), mashed potatoes, tea.
Afternoon snack: decoction of wheat bran with sugar, crackers.
Dinner: boiled fish, carrot and apple roll, rosehip broth.
At night: milk.
Diet No. 1a
Diet No. 1a is prescribed for exacerbation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, a sharp exacerbation of chronic gastritis, acute gastritis on the 2nd-4th day of treatment. This diet provides minimal irritation to the gastrointestinal tract, promotes rapid healing of ulcers, reduces inflammation, and is suitable for bed rest.
All food is boiled or steamed and rubbed; it should be liquid or mushy in consistency.The temperature of hot dishes is 57-62 °, cold – not lower than 15 °. The amount of salt is limited and products that stimulate gastric secretion and irritate its mucous membrane are completely excluded. Food is taken 6 times a day, every 2-3 hours, warm milk is recommended at night.
Soups and cereals are made from mucous, from oatmeal, rice, semolina, with the addition of cream and butter. Lean veal, poultry, fish are boiled and scrolled 2-3 times through a meat grinder. Soft-boiled eggs or steam omelet are allowed (up to 3 eggs per day).The patient can eat milk, cream, soufflé from freshly prepared cottage cheese. Regular cottage cheese, sour milk drinks, cheese and sour cream are excluded from the diet. Vegetables are also excluded, and fruits can be used in the form of jelly, jelly and juices of fresh berries diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio. Drinks – weak tea with milk or cream, rosehip decoction.
Sample diet menu number 1a:
1st breakfast: 1-2 soft-boiled eggs, milk.
2nd breakfast: milk.
Lunch: rice puree soup, steamed chicken soufflé, fruit jelly.
Afternoon snack: steam omelet from one egg, rosehip broth.
Dinner: oatmeal in milk, weak tea.
At night: milk.
Diet No. 1b
Diet No. 1b is prescribed when exacerbation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, chronic gastritis with high acidity subsides. The purpose of the diet is to provide adequate nutrition in a semi-bed mode, but at the same time, food should not irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract
Food is boiled in water or steam, and then wiped, the consistency of the dishes is liquid or mushy.Unlike diet No. 1a, thinly sliced rusks from premium flour, steam cutlets, dumplings, fresh cottage cheese, mashed with milk are added to the diet. Vegetables are boiled and rubbed with milk or butter. For the rest, as in diet number 1a, slimy soups and cereals, mashed potatoes and soufflés from lean meat, poultry, fish, soft-boiled eggs, steam omelet, jelly, jelly, weak tea with milk, rosehip broth, fruit juices, diluted water.
Sample diet menu number 1b:
1st breakfast: steam omelet, milk semolina porridge, milk.
2nd breakfast: milk.
Lunch: pureed oat soup, fish soufflé, mashed potatoes, fruit jelly.
Afternoon snack: rosehip broth, crackers.
Dinner: steamed curd soufflé, fruit jelly or tea.
At night: milk.
Diet No. 2
Diet No. 2 is prescribed for chronic gastritis with low acidity, chronic enteritis and colitis and concomitant diseases of the liver, pancreas, biliary tract.The purpose of the diet is to stimulate the secretion of the digestive system and normalize the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract.
This is a physiologically complete diet, the diet contains dishes of varying degrees of grinding and heat treatment – boiled, stewed, baked, fried without a coarse crust (you cannot bread in flour and breadcrumbs). Very cold and very hot dishes are excluded, as well as food that is difficult to digest and lingers for a long time in the gastrointestinal tract. Eating 4-5 times a day in small portions.The bread must be yesterday’s or dried from flour of the highest or first grade, unpalatable pastries and dry biscuits are allowed. Soups are cooked on a weak, fat-free meat or fish broth, on broths of vegetables. Vegetables in the soup should be pureed or finely chopped, cereals well boiled. Low-fat fish and poultry meat can be boiled in water or steam, stewed, baked, but not allowed to form a crust. You can and should eat dairy products – cottage cheese, sour cream, mild cheeses, fermented milk drinks, milk, cream.Porridge can be cooked in water, milk or with the addition of meat broth. You can also use cereals to make puddings or cutlets. Stewed, boiled, baked vegetables are allowed. Raw, but better mashed, you can eat carrots, potatoes, cauliflower and white cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin. Excluded are raw, unprocessed vegetables, salted or pickled, onions, radishes, radishes, bell peppers, cucumbers, rutabagas, garlic. Fruits and berries should be ripe, in the form of mashed potatoes, compotes, jelly, mousses. Drinks – tea, coffee and cocoa in milk or water, fruit and vegetable juices diluted with water, bran and rosehip decoction.
Sample diet menu number 2:
1st breakfast: scrambled eggs, milk buckwheat porridge, coffee with milk.
Lunch: meat broth with meatballs, stewed rabbit fillet, mashed potatoes, tea.
Afternoon snack: bran decoction.
Dinner: rice pudding, fruit jelly or tea.
At night: kefir.
Diet No. 3
Diet number 3 is prescribed for chronic intestinal diseases.The purpose of the diet is to improve intestinal motility and emptying, improve metabolic processes.
Food is boiled in water or steamed, baked. Meals are desirable 4-6 times a day, cold water with honey is shown in the morning, prunes, fruit compotes, kefir in the evening.
Bread is allowed rye and wheat, yesterday’s baking, made from wholemeal flour. Soups are prepared in weak meat or fish broth or vegetable broth, with vegetables or cereals. Meat and poultry can be boiled or baked in chunks.Sour milk drinks, cottage cheese in the form of puddings, lazy dumplings, cream, mild cheese, sour cream in small quantities are allowed. Eggs can be consumed up to two a day, soft-boiled or as steamed omelettes. Of cereals, buckwheat, millet, wheat, barley are preferred in the form of crumbly cereals in water or milk. Vegetables can be eaten raw or cooked. Fruit – ripe, fresh or dried (prunes, dried apricots, figs). Tea should be weak, coffee – from substitutes.
Sample diet menu number 3:
1st breakfast: vegetable salad, soft-boiled egg, wheat bran broth.
2nd breakfast: fresh apple or pear.
Lunch: cabbage soup with sour cream, boiled meat, mashed potatoes, tea.
Afternoon snack: rosehip broth, crackers.
Dinner: buckwheat porridge, dried fruit compote.
At night: kefir.
Diet No. 4
Diet No. 4 is prescribed for acute intestinal diseases accompanied by diarrhea. The purpose of the diet is to reduce inflammatory, fermentative and putrefactive processes in the intestines.To do this, it is necessary to drastically reduce the amount of fats and carbohydrates and limit mechanical, chemical and thermal irritants. The diet should not contain foods that stimulate the secretion of the digestive system.
We recommend liquid, semi-liquid or pureed, boiled or steamed dishes. Meals should be fractional, 5-6 times a day. Bread – only from premium flour, thinly sliced, dried, but not toasted. Soups should be cooked in low fat-free meat or fish broth, with the addition of slimy broths of cereals, boiled and mashed meat.Meat, poultry or fish are steamed or in water and passed through a meat grinder 3-4 times, while low-fat varieties are selected. Allowed to eat 1-2 soft-boiled eggs and low-fat fresh unleavened cottage cheese. Porridge should be mashed, in water or fat-free broth – rice, oatmeal, buckwheat. From fruits, dogwood, bird cherry, quince are allowed – they have astringent properties. From drinks – tea, black coffee, broth of bird cherry, black currant, quince.
Sample menu for diet number 4:
1st breakfast: rice porridge mashed in water, fresh cottage cheese, tea.
2nd breakfast: a decoction of dried bird cherry.
Lunch: meat broth, steamed meatballs, porridge on the water (oatmeal pureed), jelly.
Afternoon snack: unsweetened rosehip broth.
Dinner: steam omelet, buckwheat porridge on the water (pureed), tea.
At night: jelly.
Diet No. 4b
Diet No. 4b is prescribed for acute intestinal diseases during the period of improvement, as well as chronic intestinal diseases after a sharp exacerbation or in combination with damage to other digestive organs.The purpose of the diet is to provide adequate nutrition, reduce inflammation, and restore bowel function.
Food should be pureed or chopped, boiled in water or steamed. Food is fractional, 5-6 times a day. Bread can be made from premium or first grade flour, thinly sliced, yesterday’s or dried, but not toasted, dry biscuits are allowed. Soups are prepared in low fat-free meat or fish broth, with mashed or well-boiled cereals. Meat, poultry or fish should be of low-fat varieties, chopped (cutlets, meatballs), steamed or in water.Boiled veal, chicken, rabbit can be cooked in pieces. Low-fat cottage cheese in the form of pasta and puddings, milk, sour cream, sour-milk drinks, mild cheeses are also allowed. Porridge should be well boiled, in water with the addition of milk or in fat-free broth – rice, oatmeal, buckwheat. You can eat boiled and mashed vegetables – zucchini, pumpkin, potatoes, carrots, cauliflower. Fruits are allowed without the skin, up to 100 grams per day, as well as baked apples and pears. Drinks – tea, coffee, cocoa in water and milk, decoctions of wild rose and wheat bran, apple, cherry, orange juices in half with hot water.
Sample menu for diet number 4b:
1st breakfast: soft-boiled eggs, oatmeal, coffee.
2nd breakfast: fresh cottage cheese.
Lunch: meat broth with meatballs, meatballs with mashed potatoes, jelly.
Afternoon snack: unsweetened rosehip broth.
Dinner: boiled fish, rice pudding, tea.
At night: jelly.
Diet No. 4c
Diet No. 4c is prescribed for acute intestinal diseases during the recovery period, as well as for chronic intestinal diseases during the recovery period after a sharp exacerbation or without exacerbation, if there are concomitant diseases of other digestive organs.The purpose of the diet is to provide adequate nutrition in conditions of insufficient bowel function.
Food should be boiled in water or steam. Food is fractional, 5-6 times a day. Bread can only be made from premium or first grade flour, thinly sliced, yesterday’s or dried, but not toasted, dry cookies and uncomfortable pastries are allowed 2-3 times a week. Soups are prepared in low fat-free meat or fish broth, with meatballs or dumplings, cereals (except millet), noodles, finely chopped vegetables.Meat, poultry or fish are steamed or in water, whole piece or chopped, while low-fat varieties are selected. Low-fat cottage cheese in the form of pasta and puddings, milk, sour cream, sour milk drinks, mild cheeses are also allowed. Porridge should be well boiled, in water with the addition of milk or in fat-free broth – rice, oatmeal, buckwheat. You can eat boiled, mashed or baked vegetables – squash, pumpkin, potatoes, carrots, cauliflower, boiled vegetable salad.Fruits are allowed up to 150 grams per day, if tolerated, you can eat pears, apples, oranges, grapes without skin, watermelon. Drinks – tea, coffee, cocoa in water and milk, decoctions of wild rose and wheat bran, fruit and tomato juices mixed with water.
Sample menu for diet number 4c:
1st breakfast: soft-boiled eggs, rice milk porridge, coffee.
2nd breakfast: fresh fruit.
Lunch: vegetable soup, stew with mashed potatoes, jelly.
Afternoon snack: unsweetened wheat bran broth.
Dinner: boiled fish, carrot puree, tea.
At night: jelly.
Diet No. 5
Diet No. 5 is prescribed for acute hepatitis and cholecystitis in the convalescent stage, for chronic hepatitis and cholecystitis without exacerbation, cirrhosis of the liver, as well as for cholelithiasis without exacerbation. The purpose of the diet is to normalize liver function, improve bile secretion, and improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Boiled food, baked, occasionally stewed, rub only tough meat and vegetables with a high fiber content. Cold meals are excluded. Food is fractional, 5-6 times a day. Bread can be yesterday’s, rye or wheat from flour of the first or second grade, uncomfortable baked goods with cottage cheese, meat, fish, dry biscuit are allowed. Vegetable soups, cereals, dairy soups with pasta, fruit soups. Flour and vegetables for dressing are not sauteed, but dried. Meat, poultry or fish should be of low-fat varieties, boiled in chopped form or in a piece.After boiling, the meat can be baked, but not crusty. From dairy products, low-fat cottage cheese in the form of pasta, puddings and lazy dumplings, mild low-fat cheeses are allowed. Porridge is prepared from any cereals – rice, oatmeal, buckwheat. Vegetables can be eaten raw, boiled and stewed as salads, side dishes and independent dishes. Fruit should not be sour. Sugar must be partially replaced with xylitol or sorbitol. Drinks – tea, coffee, rosehip and wheat bran decoctions, sweet fruit and berry juices.
Sample menu for diet number 5:
1st breakfast: cottage cheese with sugar, milk buckwheat porridge, coffee.
2nd breakfast: baked apple.
Lunch: vegetable puree soup with cream, chicken cutlet, boiled rice, jelly.
Afternoon snack: rosehip decoction.
Dinner: fish cakes with mashed potatoes, apple pie, tea.
At night: kefir.
Diet No. 5a
Diet No. 5a is prescribed for acute hepatitis and cholecystitis, with exacerbation of chronic hepatitis and cholecystitis, liver cirrhosis with moderate liver failure, as well as chronic hepatitis or cholecystitis in combination with gastric ulcer, gastritis, enterocolitis.The purpose of the diet is to reduce the load on the liver, increase intestinal motility, and reduce the secretion of the digestive organs.
All food is cooked and mashed, sometimes baked, but without the crust. Cold meals are excluded. Food is fractional, 5-6 times a day. Bread can only be made from premium or first grade flour, thinly sliced, yesterday’s or dried, but not toasted, non-fried cookies are allowed. Soups are prepared with well-boiled and mashed cereals or vegetables, in milk or vegetable broth.Meat, poultry or fish should be low-fat varieties, chopped steamed or in water. Allowed low-fat cottage cheese in the form of pasta and puddings, mild grated cheeses. Milk and sour cream are limited – they are added only to dishes. Porridge should be well boiled, in water with the addition of milk – rice, oatmeal, buckwheat, boiled noodles are allowed. Vegetables – squash, pumpkin, potatoes, carrots, cauliflower – must be boiled. Fruits are allowed pureed raw, boiled and baked.Drinks – tea, coffee, rosehip and wheat bran decoctions, sweet fruit and berry juices.
Sample menu for diet number 5a:
1st breakfast: steam omelet with grated cheese, milk oatmeal, coffee.
2nd breakfast: baked apple.
Lunch: pumpkin puree soup, chicken cutlet with mashed potatoes, jelly.
Afternoon snack: rosehip decoction.
Dinner: fish cakes with carrot puree, rice pudding with sweet gravy, tea.
At night: kefir.
Diet No. 5p
Diet No. 5p is prescribed for chronic pancreatitis during the recovery period and without exacerbation. The purpose of the diet is to normalize the function of the pancreas, reduce the excitability of the gallbladder, and prevent fatty infiltration of the pancreas and liver.
To do this, the diet lowers the content of fats and carbohydrates, but increases the amount of proteins and vitamins.Boiled, baked, mashed or chopped dishes are recommended. Very cold and very hot food is excluded. Fractional meals: 5-6 times a day. The bread should be wheat, yesterday’s or dried, from flour of the 1st or 2nd grade. Vegetarian vegetable and cereal soups, with the addition of butter or sour cream. Meat, poultry or fish should be of low-fat varieties, boiled in chopped or pureed form or in pieces, dairy products should be of low fat content. Porridge can be made from any cereals – rice, oatmeal, buckwheat, in consistency – pureed or semi-viscous.Vegetables can be used boiled and baked as side dishes and independent dishes. Fruit should not be sour.