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Fungus white spots on back: Tinea versicolor – Symptoms and causes


Tinea Versicolor in Adults: Condition, Treatments, and Pictures – Overview


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Images of Tinea Versicolor


Tinea versicolor, also known as pityriasis versicolor, is a common non-cancerous (benign) skin condition caused by surface (superficial) infection with a yeast that commonly lives on the skin. In the right conditions, such as warm, oily, and moist skin, the yeast (Malassezia) can overgrow and cause a rash consisting of tan, pink, brown, or white flaky patches. Although it is an infection, tinea versicolor is not contagious, as the yeast is found commonly in the environment.

Who’s at risk?

Tinea versicolor can develop in people from adolescence and beyond, of all races, and of either sex.

However, tinea versicolor is most commonly found in tropical areas with high humidity and high temperatures. In milder climates, teens and young adults are affected most frequently. Tinea versicolor is uncommon in young children or in adults older than 65.

Some conditions make tinea versicolor more likely to occur:

  • Living in a warm, humid climate
  • Having oily skin
  • Sweating frequently or excessively
  • Using corticosteroids (cortisone)
  • Taking medications that weaken the immune system

Signs and Symptoms

The most common locations for tinea versicolor include:

  • Chest and upper back
  • Upper arms
  • Abdomen
  • Neck
  • Thighs

Tinea versicolor appears as many white, pink, salmon-colored, tan, or brown patches ranging in size from 1 to 3 cm. The individual lesions can join together to form large patches. Most lesions have a very fine, flaky surface (scale).

The yeast that causes the condition produces a substance that can temporarily bleach the underlying skin to a lighter color. Even after the infection has gone away, the spots may be visible as lighter (hypopigmented) patches on the skin that may not get their normal color back for many months. These hypopigmented spots do not tan normally. The hypopigmented areas are more obvious in darker-skinned people.

Even if the color has not returned to normal after treatment, the flakiness of the skin should have resolved.

Tinea versicolor does not usually cause any symptoms, though some people report minor itching, especially when they get sweaty.

Self-Care Guidelines

If you suspect that you have tinea versicolor, you might try an over-the-counter antifungal cream such as terbinafine, clotrimazole, or miconazole. An over-the-counter shampoo containing selenium sulfide can be used as a lotion by applying it to the affected areas overnight and rinsing it off in the morning. However, if the condition does not seem to be getting better after 2 weeks of daily treatment, see a dermatologist or another physician for evaluation.

If you have been treated for tinea versicolor, avoid wearing tight, restrictive clothing. Also, sun exposure may make the light-colored areas more apparent, so avoid sun exposure or wear sunscreen until the spots have returned to their normal color.

When to Seek Medical Care

If the above self-care measures do not work or if you develop a rash all over that seems to be getting worse, see your doctor.

Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe

To confirm the diagnosis, your physician might scrape some of the surface skin material (scales) onto a glass slide and examine them under a microscope. This procedure, called a KOH (potassium hydroxide) preparation, allows the doctor to look for tell-tale signs of yeast infection.

Once a diagnosis of tinea versicolor has been confirmed, the physician may recommend one of the following treatments:

  • Selenium sulfide lotion (or shampoo, which can be used as a lotion and then rinsed off)
  • Pyrithione zinc shampoo (used as a lotion and then rinsed off)
  • Antifungal cream or lotion such as ketoconazole, econazole, oxiconazole, or ciclopirox
  • Antifungal pills such as ketoconazole, fluconazole, or itraconazole

Recurrence of the infection after treatment is common. Because some people are more likely than others to get the infection, your doctor may recommend a preventive or maintenance treatment to use during the warmer, more humid months, consisting of antifungal cream, lotion, or shampoo, applied every week or two.

Trusted Links

MedlinePlus: Tinea InfectionsClinical Information and Differential Diagnosis of Tinea Versicolor


ia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology, pp.989, 1171-1174. New York: Mosby, 2003.

Freedberg, Irwin M., ed. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine. 6th ed. pp.2014-2016. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003.

Tinea Versicolor Is Way More Common Than I Thought, And Here’s How I Treated Mine

The yeast tends to live on dead skin and gravitates towards oil. Also, the yeast tends to spread in warm, humid weather, which is why I was always noticing it more in the late spring and summer. “The yeast is an opportunist, so when conditions are ripe for it to multiply, it gets going,” says Schultz. No wonder the American Academy of Dermatology lists it as one of the most common skin diseases in tropical and sub-tropical areas. Once you’ve been diagnosed with tinea versicolor, it’s not something that can be cured. The yeast malassezia is always there as a part of the microbial ecosystem on your skin, and the patches can keep recurring, but there are ways to manage the symptoms.

Related: These Are The 10 Most Googled Beauty Questions, Answered

So how do you treat it?

Schultz recommends over-the-counter shampoos or body cleansers with chemical exfoliants like salicylic or glycolic acid to get tinea versicolor under control. “Because it just lives in the superficial layers of skin, anything that gets rid of the top layer of dead cells is really going to work,” he says. Or you can use anti-fungal shampoos with active ingredients that actually kill the yeast instead of just peeling it off. Look for selenium sulfide on the label, which you can find in Selsun Blue shampoo ($9, walgreens. com). And if you see a dermatologist, they’ll probably prescribe you Ketoconazole shampoo, which is a stronger anti-fungal shampoo. No matter which product you choose, the method is the same: Apply the product to the hair and on your body where the rash is present. Leave on for 5-10 minutes, then rinse.

“The way we know the infection has been controlled is that there’s no flaking left, the edges aren’t raised anymore, and there’s no itching or pinkness,” says Schultz. But it can come back and spread, especially in the summer months or if you’re not treating the malassezia. When it returns, restart the treatment with a medicated shampoo.

I used the Ketoconazole shampoo every day for a week, then once a week for a month. And it helped tremendously. It stopped the spreading down my stomach and back, making this summer the first time I’ve had clear skin for a full season. Although there is still a faint discoloration, I’m really the only one who can tell it’s there. There’s no one asking what’s going on when I wear a V-neck. No pointing children, and I no longer hide under big necklaces.

After talking to Schultz and Prystowsky, it’s good to know how common tinea versicolor really is. It’s not some freaky genetic thing my sisters and I have, but something a lot of people deal with. “I think the main thing to know is that it’s a nuisance, but something [you] shouldn’t be medically afraid of,” says Prystowsky.

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White spots on the skin from tanning: what do they mean?

Doing a skin self-check? Download SkinVision now and get an instant risk indication for skin cancer.

Skin fungus

If you make use of tanning beds, then fungus could be the cause of your white spots. Tanning beds are known to be breeding grounds for fungus because they are often humid environments where many bodies have sweat and come in contact with the same surface.

Once the tanning lights are off, bacteria can multiply in the darkened, wet space. While it is not precisely clear how often fungus is contracted from tanning beds, and although many tanning salons have strict sanitation procedures, it is worth checking with your doctor if notice any suspicious white spots on the skin.

Tinea versicolor

Tinea Versicolor is a condition that occurs when a natural yeast found on the skin called pityrosporum ovale grows uncontrollably and begins to change the skin pigmentation of the skin. When this happens, patches of skin may become lighter or darker.

Tinea versicolor can be caused by a variety of factors including hot weather, oily skin, a weakened immune system, hormonal changes, and excessive sweating. This skin condition is commonly found among adolescents and young adults, while it frequently appears in adults when they visit warm and humid climates.

Photo credit: Mayo Foundation

Tinea versicolor can typically be treated with over-the-counter anti-fungal medications, which efficiently remove the discolored patches or spots. If these medications don’t work, you are advised to contact your doctor for further tests to confirm you suffer from tinea versicolor. A doctor may prescribe a topical cream or prescription pills to treat it.

Many people can eliminate the infection entirely, but the skin may remain discolored for some time after the treatment, ranging from weeks to months. The disease can sometimes also flare back up, especially if the patient returns to a warm environment or takes hormonal medication.


Sometimes tanning will make pre-existing skin pigmentation conditions more pronounced. Vitiligo is one such condition. It is a disease in which the skin forms white patches. It occurs when melanocyte cells stop producing melanin, either because they die or because they stop functioning.

Causes of vitiligo are unclear, but this skin condition is thought to be an autoimmune disease. It can appear at any age and on any part of the body. Sometimes, the white patches will spread throughout the body, while other times they will remain the same size. Vitiligo often appears initially as a small, pale spot on the skin that, over time, will develop into a larger patch.

Vitiligo is generally harmless and not contagious, but its aesthetic appearance can cause emotional and psychological distress in people who suffer from it. Several treatments can help reduce the appearance of vitiligo, including corticosteroid creams, depigmentation treatments, and UVA and UVB phototherapy.

Some of these treatments come with side effects, so it is recommended to discuss options with a doctor.

Tinea versicolor: Overview – InformedHealth.org


Tinea versicolor, also referred to as pityriasis versicolor, is a skin condition characterized by patches of lighter or darker skin. It is caused by a type of yeast (fungus) that is found on most people’s skin. It is generally not harmful and it isn’t contagious.

Topical treatments (applied directly to the affected area), such as special creams or shampoos, are usually effective.


In tinea versicolor, small round or oval patches of skin appear at first, and later merge into larger patches with irregular shapes. They are especially common on the back, chest, neck and/or arms. They may occur on the face as well, particularly in children.

The patches may be yellow or brownish, or sometimes red or pink. They are usually lighter or darker than the surrounding healthy skin. Because these patches hardly change color in the sun, they are more noticeable if you have a suntan. The affected areas of skin may also be somewhat scaly. They rarely itch. If they do, then they only itch a little.

Tinea versicolor on the upper body


Tinea versicolor is caused by a type of yeast (fungus) that is found on most people’s skin. It’s not clear exactly why the fungus grows and causes visible patches in some people but not in others.

It’s important to know that tinea versicolor has nothing to do with poor hygiene, and it’s not contagious.

Risk factors

Various factors can increase your chances of developing tinea versicolor. These include

  • a warm and humid climate,

  • sweating a lot (for instance in people who generally sweat more or who do a lot of sports) and

  • the use of oils or cosmetics that may clog the skin pores.

Genes probably play an important role too.

People who have a weakened immune system are generally more susceptible to infections, so they are also more likely to develop tinea versicolor. The immune system may be weakened by things like certain types of cancer or medication that suppresses the immune system – for instance, following an organ transplant.


Tinea versicolor is a common skin condition. In countries with a more moderate climate it affects about 1% of the population, and in some tropical countries it affects about 40%. It is just as common in men as it is in women. Most people first get it at a young age.


Doctors can often recognize tinea versicolor just by looking at the typical groups of light or dark patches on the upper body and/or arms. To rule out other possible skin conditions, your doctor might use a strip of clear adhesive tape to take a sample of the scaly skin and look at it under a microscope. This is usually enough to determine whether it is tinea versicolor.


Tinea versicolor may improve a little in cool or dry weather, but it usually doesn’t go away on its own. There are a number of effective treatments. These mainly include creams, lotions and shampoos that contain antifungals (substances that kill the fungus or inhibit its growth). The creams and lotions are applied to the affected areas of skin. The shampoo is used too, so that the fungus doesn’t spread back to the skin from the scalp and hair. Depending on the exact product used, it needs to be left on for anywhere from a few minutes to several hours. The creams and lotions are often put on in the evening and then rinsed off in the shower the next morning.

But even when treatment works, it can take up to several weeks or months for the skin patches to disappear. Treatment with tablets is only rarely needed.

Sometimes tinea versicolor comes back again after successful treatment. If this keeps happening, doctors may recommend using a special shampoo on your skin and hair every two to four weeks to prevent it from returning again. The shampoo contains an active ingredient like selenium sulfide or ketoconazole. There are also oral medications (tablets) that can be taken every four weeks to prevent tinea versicolor from returning. Doing either of these things can greatly reduce the risk of it coming back.

Further information

When people are ill or need medical advice, they usually go to see their family doctor first. Read about how to find the right doctor, how to prepare for the appointment and what to remember.

What is pityriasis versicolor? The white patches you might get on your skin

Whether you catch a tan, have more dark spots or suffer from peeling, a summer in the sun can change the appearance of your complexion. If you notice visible white patches on your skin, you could be suffering from pityriasis versicolor – a yeast infection that causes a rash most commonly on your back, chest and shoulders.

Here’s everything you need to know about it – from what causes it, how to detect it, and what to do if you think you’ve got it, according to a dermatologist.

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What is pityriasis versicolor?

Aesthetically, the infection looks like a loss of pigment and forms white patches on the skin, which can be itchy in some cases.

“Pityriasis versicolor is a very common yeast infection of the skin”, Dr Catherine Borysiewicz, Consultant Dermatologist at the Cadogan Clinic explained. “It most commonly affects young adults. The recent humid weather and sweating can make the infections more commonly seen. It usually goes undetected on the skin in winter months and is noticed more frequently in the summer months.

The rash consists of scaly patches on the skin of the back, chest, neck and arms. It is usually not itchy, but some patients do report a mild itch and dermatitis. The rash can have a number of different colours, and ranges from pale pink or tan in some patients, or can create white patches on the skin which is felt to be due to a chemical produced by the yeast that diffuses into the skin and inhibits normal skin pigmentation.”

The pityriasis is often more noticeable when your skin is tanned, as the white patches contrast more from the colour of the rest of your skin.

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What causes it pityriasis versicolor?

“The yeast causing the problems is Malassezia – this can be found normally on healthy skin, but in some people it can grow more actively on the skin surface”, Dr Borysiewicz continues. “We do not know why some people are more prone to this than others. It’s not conventionally contagious as you need to be prone to the yeast build up. Your dermatologist will take a scraping from your skin for fungal culture to identify the yeast.”

The dermatologist notes, “some people who are on tablets to lower their immune system such as steroids will be more prone to infection”, and differs from other pigmentation conditions such as vitiligo as there is often a fine powdery scale on the surface of the skin.

How do you treat it?

The good news is, the condition is more of a nuisance than worrying.

“Once the yeast has been identified, patients will need treatment. This will depend on how widespread or symptomatic the rash is. For a small affected area an anti-yeast cream (Lamisil) will work. Or, for more widespread or stubborn areas, a short course of anti-yeast tablets (itraconazole for one week), along with an anti-yeast shampoo Nizoral or Selsun will be prescribed. Patients should use the shampoo as a body wash; this will need to be lathered onto the affected skin, left on for 10min, then rinsed off.

“Treatment will clear the infection and resolve the rash”, the dermatologist continued. “Although it is important to note that even pigmentation may not return for a number of months even after the scaling and rash have settled.

“Once patients have had one episode, it is possible to get further infections although the reason why some people’s skin is more prone to infection is not completely understood. A way to reduce the frequency of recurrent infections is by using an anti-yeast shampoo such as Nizoral or Selsun once a week as a body wash.”

Treatment for pityriasis versicolor

SELSUN Blue dual action, £24.87


Nizoral Anti-dandruff Shampoo, £6.39


Lamisil AT 1% Cream, £6.25


Is there anything else to know?

“There is a theory that Malassezia is more common in people who frequently moisturise their skin”, Dr Borysiewicz adds. “So generally I tell patients to avoid over moisturising the areas of skin prone to the rash.”

Dr Catherine Borysiewicz is a Consultant Dermatologist at the Cadogan Clinic.

Dusty Baxter-Wright
Cosmopolitan’s Acting Entertainment Editor
Dusty Baxter-Wright is Cosmopolitan’s Acting Entertainment Editor, overseeing all things celebrity, TV and film, as well as Lifestyle.

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Oral thrush in babies | Pregnancy Birth and Baby

Oral thrush is a type of fungus infection, very common among babies. It appears as moist, milky-white patches in and around a child’s mouth. Usually oral thrush is not serious and can sometimes even go unnoticed.

What causes oral thrush?

Oral thrush is a yeast infection caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. While around 1 in every 2 people live healthily with the fungus, at times it grows too quickly, causing a visible infection. If your child is on antibiotic treatment or taking inhaled corticosteroids (such as those in many commonly-used asthma puffers), they are more likely to have oral thrush. An immunocompromised child (a child with a weak immune system — either as a result of illness or a medical treatment), is also more likely to be infected.

What are the symptoms?

Oral thrush appears as milky, white patches on the insides of a child’s cheeks, tongue or lips and cannot be wiped away easily, as the infection is under the skin. The patches might also appear red or inflamed. Usually, the infection doesn’t cause irritation, however if the mouth area is very red and raw, it might be hard for your child to eat. Another sign that your child may have an oral thrush infection is drooling.

Thrush can also appear in the nappy area (nappy rash).

Is oral thrush contagious?

While the fungus is contagious, it doesn’t transfer easily. The most common points of transfer include:

  • teething toys
  • dummies
  • teats
  • bottles

The yeast might transfer from one person to another, for example, when a child chews on an infected child’s toy. Another common infection point for a baby is their mother’s vagina (vaginal oral thrush) during birth, as the yeast often lives in small amounts in the vagina.

Treating oral thrush

Your doctor can prescribe your child antifungal drops or gel to help manage the infection. If you are a breastfeeding mother with an infected child, your doctor might also prescribe an antifungal gel for your nipples. This is because you might be spreading the infection to your child when feeding. You can continue to breastfeed as usual if your baby has oral thrush.

Preventing oral thrush

Maintaining a high level of oral (mouth) and personal hygiene is a good way to prevent the spread of the infection. If your child has teeth, this includes brushing twice a day and taking them to the dentist for check-ups and treatments. It is important to sterilise items that come into contact with your child’s mouth, including teething toys, dummies, and bottles. Clean teats well in between feeds to ensure that your child doesn’t become reinfected.

Does my child need to see a doctor?

If you think your child may have oral thrush, it’s a good idea to take your child to see a doctor to get a diagnosis. Most cases are very mild, and will quickly clear up with prescription gel or drops.

Be sure to take your child to the doctor if:

  • white patches appear in their mouth
  • the rash keeps on coming back after treatment
  • they have a fever or are feeling generally unwell
  • you are concerned about your child’s health

Clotrimazole for fungal skin infections – Canesten

About clotrimazole for skin infections

Type of medicine An antifungal
Used for Fungal skin infections
Also called Canesten®;
Combination brands: Canesten® HC (clotrimazole with hydrocortisone), Lotriderm® (clotrimazole with betamethasone)
Available as Cream, spray and topical solution

Although many types of fungi live harmlessly on our skin, some can cause infections. The most common fungi to cause skin infections are the tinea group of fungi. Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection of the toes and feet caused by a fungus from this group. Infections caused by a fungus or a yeast (a type of fungus) can affect other parts of the body too – some examples are fungal nappy rash, fungal groin infections, and fungal sweat rashes. Clotrimazole eases the symptoms of skin infections such as these, by killing the fungi causing the infection.

Although clotrimazole is available on prescription, you can also buy some preparations without a prescription at pharmacies and other retail outlets. It is available as a cream, as a spray and as a topical solution (a liquid which is applied directly on to the skin). The cream is most frequently used but, where large areas of skin are infected or where the area of the body which is being treated is quite hairy, a spray or topical solution may be more suitable.

Sometimes clotrimazole is combined in a cream with a corticosteroid; either hydrocortisone (as in the brand Canesten® HC) or betamethasone (in the brand Lotriderm®). These creams are prescribed when the infection has caused the skin to become inflamed and sore. Canesten® HC can also be bought from pharmacies on the advice of a pharmacist.

Clotrimazole is a medicine which is also used to treat fungal infections on areas of the body other than the skin. For example, it is used to treat vaginal thrush and some ear infections. There is more information about the preparations used to treat these conditions in the separate medicine leaflets called Clotrimazole for vaginal thrush and Clotrimazole for ear infections.

Before using clotrimazole for skin infections

To make sure this is the right treatment for you, before you start using clotrimazole make sure that you speak with a doctor or pharmacist:

  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Although clotrimazole is not known to be harmful to babies, you should only use medicines on the recommendation of a doctor while you are expecting or breastfeeding a baby.
  • If you are taking any other medicines or using any other creams. This includes any medicines which are available to buy without a prescription, as well as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • If you have ever had an allergic reaction to a medicine or cream.

How to use clotrimazole for skin infections

  • Before you start the treatment, read the manufacturer’s printed information leaflet from inside the pack. It will give you more information about clotrimazole and how to apply it.
  • Wash and dry the infected area of skin before you apply clotrimazole. You will need to use it regularly for a few weeks. Once all signs of your infection have gone, continue to use it for a further one or two weeks, as this will help to prevent the infection from coming back.
  • If you are using cream, apply a thin layer and then rub it in gently. Use the cream two or three times a day.
  • If you are using spray, use it two or three times a day and be careful to make sure that all of the infected area has been covered by the spray.
  • If you are using solution, apply it two or three times a day and gently rub it in. A few drops will treat an area about the size of a hand.

Getting the most from your treatment

  • Remember to wash your hands carefully after using clotrimazole, as this will help to prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of your body. Also, use a separate towel to other people until your infection clears up.
  • Fungal infections often occur in warm, moist areas of the body. After washing or showering, make sure that all areas of your skin are dried well, particularly areas such as skin folds and between your toes.
  • As a guide, infections such as athlete’s foot usually clear up within a week or so of treatment, although infections affecting some other areas of the body can take slightly longer. If there are no signs of improvement after two weeks of using clotrimazole, you should make an appointment to see your doctor for advice.

Can clotrimazole cause problems?

Clotrimazole is unlikely to cause any serious side-effects. It can occasionally cause some irritation when it is used at first, and a few people experience mild allergic-type reactions (such as redness and itching). If you experience these or any other symptoms, speak with your doctor or pharmacist for further advice.

How to store clotrimazole

  • Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
  • Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.

Important information about all medicines

This preparation is for use on the skin only. If someone swallows some of it, go to the accident and emergency department of your local hospital. Take the container with you, even if it is empty.

This medicine is for you. Never give it to other people even if their condition appears to be the same as yours.

Do not keep out-of-date or unwanted medicines. Take them to your local pharmacy which will dispose of them for you.

If you have any questions about this medicine ask your pharmacist.

Treatment of pityriasis versicolor: prices, reviews

Pityriasis versicolor is a fungal disease of the upper layer of the epidermis. The causative agent of the infection is yeast-like fungi. The fungus is part of the normal skin microflora of most people, and it begins to multiply actively under certain conditions. It is believed that people from southern countries suffer from pityriasis versicolor more often. This is due to the hot climate. However, our compatriots are also susceptible to illness. More often people with a hereditary predisposition are ill with it, and the incidence increases in the summer.Most of the cases are adolescents and young men.

Treatment of pityriasis versicolor can take many months or even years, it is a long-term infection. This is due to the fact that the fungus is prone to countless relapses. Fortunately, this circumstance does not always affect the ability to work.

To shorten the treatment time and prevent frequent relapses, it is important to consult a qualified specialist – a dermatologist. At the Family Doctor clinic you will receive quality care.

Causes of pityriasis versicolor

The main cause of pityriasis versicolor is the multiplication of pathogens on the skin surface: the yeast-like fungi Pityrosporum, or Malassezia. The following factors can provoke the disease:

  • endocrine disorders, immunodeficiency;

  • exacerbation of chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, ENT organs, etc.;

  • hyperhidrosis, or increased sweating;

  • living or staying in conditions of high humidity;

  • exposure to ultraviolet rays – frequent visits to beaches, tanning salons;

  • violation of the protective barrier of the skin – the use of aggressive agents, antibacterial gels, soaps.

The weakening of local or general defenses may be associated with other factors: previous surgical interventions, poor nutrition, severe infection (acute tonsillitis, infectious mononucleosis, herpes, etc. ).

Symptoms of the disease

This dermatological disease is characterized by damage to the upper body: back, chest, neck. Less commonly, the groin area, scalp, and face area are affected.Asymmetrical rounded spots with clear boundaries appear on the skin. Their sizes can differ significantly, and as the disease develops, the foci of inflammation merge with each other.

Treatment of lichen coloration in humans begins with a thorough diagnosis. It is possible to suspect the disease by the characteristic shades of the spots that have appeared: from whitish to pink-red. On the surface of the foci of infection, there are layers of small scales. Itching is not observed, as well as soreness. Another diagnostic criterion is that the spots do not tan under the influence of ultraviolet rays.

Psychological discomfort is one of the most common symptoms accompanying skin disease. Pityriasis versicolor spoils the appearance of the skin and forces a person to hide it under clothes even in hot weather, which can further aggravate the course of the disease.

Diagnostic features

Pityriasis versicolor is diagnosed by a dermatovenerologist. He examines the skin and uses additional examination instruments.Usually, to clarify the diagnosis, it is sufficient to perform the Balzer iodine test. It consists in intensive staining of foci of infection with a 2% iodine solution.

Diagnostics using a Wood’s lamp is also widely used. It emits long wavelength UV rays. The skin illuminated by it is examined by the doctor through a magnifying lens. Healthy skin glows with a light blue color, while pathological areas have a different glow. By its color, you can diagnose the type of skin disease.

It is possible to detect an ailment with the help of laboratory diagnostics, but this takes time: it takes several days to grow fungal cultures in special environments. In some cases, it is impractical to waste time, the doctor may refer you to laboratory diagnostics if you suspect a co-infection or other pathology.

Treatment methods

Treatment of the initial stages of tinea versicolor on the skin is possible with the help of external agents. To do this, a dermatologist may prescribe the following drugs:

  • antifungal ointments;

  • keratolytics – drugs that help exfoliate the upper layers;

  • drugs that accelerate skin regeneration, etc.

Antifungal shampoos, solutions for rinsing the body may also be recommended, it all depends on the location of the spots and the severity of the disease.

If lichen has become common, a specialist will prescribe drugs for systemic therapy: antimycotics, accompanied by a bacterial infection – drugs with antifungal and antibacterial action.

Of course, both during treatment and after the disease has receded, you need to use only personal hygiene products, clothing, and linen.It is better to refuse frequent visits to the solarium and the beach, especially if there is a tendency to frequent relapses. If the problem is due to hyperhidrosis, you need to see a doctor to cure the underlying ailment. The therapist will find out the causes of excessive sweating and prescribe adequate treatment.

Preventive measures

Treatment for pityriasis versicolor is more difficult than prevention. To prevent relapse, you must adhere to the following rules:

  • minimizing stressful situations or mastering the skills to overcome them;

  • balanced nutrition and prevention of hypovitaminosis;

  • timely treatment of chronic diseases of internal organs;

  • refusal from clothes that irritate the skin, choosing in favor of things made from natural fabrics;

  • combating excessive sweating – rubbing the skin with water with the addition of salicylic alcohol, daily shower.

Remember that self-medication can make the situation worse. Get qualified help from an experienced dermatologist at the Family Doctor clinic. We have a full arsenal of diagnostic tools to accurately identify the disease.

To make an appointment with a doctor at a convenient time for you, call the unified contact center in Moscow +7 (495) 775 75 66, fill out the online appointment form or contact the clinic’s registry.


dermatovenerologist, oncologist, cosmetologist, candidate of medical sciences, leading specialist of the clinic

dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist, trichologist


dermatovenerologist, trichologist, cosmetologist, Ph.D.

dermatovenerologist, trichologist, Ph.MD, associate professor

90,000 Spots on the back of the fungus | Spots

Fungus and the appearance of white spots on the body and on the back is a fairly common skin defect that is unpleasant and occurs for various reasons. Those who are faced with such a problem are interested in the question of why the fungus occurs and how to get rid of it quickly and safely.

Fungus on the back white spots

With a fungus, white spots appear on the back, which can hurt, burn and itch. Such spots can occur for various reasons, or rather:

  • Allergic reactions and intolerance of the body to anything, resulting in a rash, red and white spots. That is, fungus on the back.
  • Weak immune system, as a result of which the body cannot actively fight infections and viruses, therefore, various skin diseases appear, as well as fungus.
  • Disruption of the metabolic process and metabolism in general, as a result of which hormones and vitamins are poorly absorbed, and this threatens the appearance of defects on the skin, including white fungal spots.
  • Diseases of the endocrine system and circulatory disorders in general, as a result of which red acne, acne and white fungal spots may appear on the skin.
  • Unhealthy lifestyles, poor diet or poor personal hygiene, which can lead to infection, which leads to the development of fungus and white spots on the skin.

Fungus on the back red spots

The fungus has several types, therefore red spots are one of the varieties of the disease. Typically, these spots appear for the following reasons:

  • Metabolic disorders and poor absorption of hormones, as a result of which an infectious fungus develops, and red spots on the body (especially on the back, arms, legs and neck) are of concern.
  • Non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene and being in a public pool, as a result of which fungal disease and bright red spots on the back can and develop.
  • Leading unhealthy lifestyles and unhealthy diets that disrupt metabolism and may develop acne, rashes and red fungal patches on the body (especially on the back and neck).

Spots on the neck fungus

Spots on the neck appear together with the fungus, they can be large and bright, or vice versa, it depends on the characteristics of the organism and on how strong the immune system is. Also, spots on the neck can appear along with the following symptoms:

  • Itching, burning and discomfort in the area of ​​red spots (especially if they are pronounced and just beginning to appear).
  • Peeling of the skin, rash and other unpleasant defects.
  • Increased body temperature, dizziness and general weakness (manifested in each individual).

Treatment of white spots and fungus on the back

Fortunately, it is possible to heal the white spots and give the skin a healthy and attractive appearance, for this it is recommended to get a medical examination and determine which method of removing the fungus will be most suitable. The most effective ways are:

  • Cleaning the skin and removing white fungal spots using a laser (the procedure is considered safe and practically harmless).
  • Application of special creams and antimycotics that improve metabolism, cleanse pores and remove white and red fungal spots on the back.
  • Special masks and creams that cleanse the skin and pores (mask with lemon, parsley, hydrogen peroxide, etc.).

It is worth considering that fungus and white spots are not dangerous if you undergo an examination in time and understand what is the main reason and how to get rid of it quickly and safely.

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90,000 What is a “solar fungus” and how to deal with it?

Many of us have encountered such an unusual phenomenon as spots of a lighter shade on the skin.They are popularly called “sun fungus”, so some believe that they appear due to prolonged exposure to the sun or due to insufficient use of sunscreen. But is it really so? Let’s figure out why they appear and how to deal with them.

In fact, the disease that will be discussed today is called pityriasis versicolor versicolor. It is a chronic superficial fungal infection of the stratum corneum of the epidermis, resulting in multiple, asymmetrical, well-defined scaly patches on the skin that can range in color from white to tan, brown, and pink.Their sizes can differ significantly, and as the disease develops, the foci of inflammation usually begin to merge with each other.

The causative agent of pityriasis versicolor is a yeast-like fungus that affects the skin and usually leads to damage to the upper body: the back, chest, neck, abdomen, and much less often the face or scalp. It is important to note that about 90 percent of healthy people are carriers of the saprophytic form of the fungus, however, it begins to actively reproduce under certain conditions.In particular, in people living in regions with hot and humid climates. Therefore, the topic of combating pityriasis versicolor is especially relevant for the people of Israel.

Where did the name “solar bending” come from?

The name “solar fungus” has more folk origin, and to this day misleading many people. Presumably, it appeared due to the fact that this versicolor versicolor is more common in the summer months and spots from it become more noticeable on tanned skin.However, it is worth remembering once and for all that the sun has nothing to do with their appearance.

It is also important not to confuse pityriasis versicolor with other skin conditions such as vitiligo or lichen rosacea.

In the photo (right), the hand of a person with vitiligo

“Because of the misleading name” solar fungus “, many people believe that treatment for it should necessarily take place during the cold season, when our skin is less exposed to sunlight. However, this is not the case, since the treatment in this case is carried out with antifungal drugs prescribed by a doctor, and they can be used in the summer too, ”explains dermatologist Dr. Lehavit Ackerman.

Treatment of pityriasis versicolor

People can experience versicolor versicolor in winter and summer. “Anyone who is prone to getting a fungus will be reinfected more than once in a lifetime. Unfortunately, there is no cure yet to get rid of this problem once and for all, ”explains Dr. Ackerman.- This fungus occurs on most people on the skin, as it is literally everywhere in nature. The only question is that in some people it develops into a disease, while others do not. ”

Those who have a tendency to develop varicoloured lichen are recommended to wash themselves with antifungal soap once every ten days as a preventive measure.

Many are afraid that the “sun fungus” can cause serious harm to their health. However, this disease is asymptomatic, expressed only in flaky spots on the skin, which is rather a matter of aesthetics.

You can get rid of them with the help of individual treatment, which includes a combination of antifungal drugs in the form of shampoo, cream and tablets, and in rare cases, they also add treatment with antihistamines.

Is versicolor versicolor contagious?

Many people are also concerned about the question – is pityriasis versicolor contagious? The answer to it is negative, because, as mentioned above, most of us are carriers of this fungus, but only a minority have lesions on the skin.

This is due to the individual tendency of a person associated with the composition of lipids in his skin, immune status, excessive sweating and many other factors. And only in combination with suitable environmental conditions, high temperature and humidity can it lead to the appearance of pityriasis versicolor.

Is it true that in summer “solar bending” appears more often?

This disease cannot be classified as seasonal. Indeed, it may seem to us that we more often see people with similar spots on the skin precisely in the summer months, but this happens solely because at this time of the year we go to the beach more often and put on more open clothes, exposing large areas of skin.

Anyone who has encountered this problem is advised to consult a dermatologist in order to undergo the necessary examination and receive an individual treatment plan, which can vary depending on the number of relapses, the degree of skin lesions and many other factors.

Nadya Vazhnin, Details. Photos: Depositphotos.com

90,000 Hypopigmentation – loss of natural pigment

A pigmentation disorder does not always lead to the formation of dark age spots of various shapes.It so happens that such a violation leads to the formation of a completely different pathological process, which is characterized by the formation of white spots on the skin. This process is called hypopigmentation , in which natural pigment is lost. This pathology has its own symptoms, manifestations and causes of occurrence.

Let’s talk about what white spots can be.

1. The appearance of white spots characterizes the outbreak of activity of the so-called “solar fungus”.It is nothing more than pityriasis versicolor . The causative agent of this type of lichen is definitely the yeast Pityrosporum , which has three main forms. Its activity is usually observed on the skin of people with diabetes, cancer or tuberculosis. Pregnant women are at risk. As a result of the activity of this fungus, white spots are formed, gradually increasing in size.

2. The second reason for the appearance of white spots is considered to be serious violations of internal processes , which include autoimmune diseases, impaired hormonal stability, deterioration in the functioning of the thyroid gland, viruses entering the body. This also includes severe stress, which, as you know, leads to an imbalance in hormonal levels.

3. There are external causes of the appearance of white spots, among which are excessive sunburn, sun exposure, skin sensitivity to various components of cosmetics and household products.

4. White spots on the skin can be caused by a virus. In this case, they will be the result of a progressive dermatological disease called lichen rosacea Zhibert .The cause of the outbreak of lichen activity is a number of negative factors, both external and internal. This can be a weakening of immunity, an infection in the body, a consequence of an allergic reaction raging in the body, and even overheating and hypothermia. Spots with Gibert’s lichen are grouped mainly on the chest, back and neck and are often accompanied by itching, peeling, and sometimes painful sensations.

5. Another reason for the appearance of white formations, especially on the face, is one of the types of pityriasis – lichen lichen . The formations in this disease, caused by the activity of bacteria Malassezia or streptococci (in this case, the form of white lichen will be called staphylostreptoderma), have different diameters (up to 5 cm) and eventually grow and merge into larger ones. With a high degree of probability, you can find small scales on them.

6. White spots can be the result of a chronic condition called vitiligo , which affects the skin all over the body.This disease is not accompanied by any uncomfortable sensations, such as itching or burning.

7. Skin discoloration can also be due to the dermatological condition called Leucoderma . It usually occurs as a result of infection or contact with toxic substances. However, congenital immune abnormalities cannot be ruled out. This also includes a variety of leukoderma – hypomelanosis , in which melanin is slowed down in its formation at the genetic level.

90,000 Light spots after sunburn: causes and remedies

A pleasant and even tan, which does not evoke associations with charcoal shades, in most cases looks fresh and attractive. Golden-bronze overflows on the skin transform the appearance, bring notes of freshness and youth into it, and, moreover, mask minor defects in the microrelief of the dermis. But achieving the perfect shade is not as easy as it seems at first glance: even scrupulous skin care before and after tanning in a solarium and in the sun does not guarantee 100% result – in some cases, overcoming genetics and body characteristics is unrealistic.

Light up carefully

The appearance of white spots on the skin after sun exposure is one of the fairly common problems faced by lovers of sunbathing and ultraviolet booths. What is the reason for such a defect, is it dangerous for health and what should be done to restore the aesthetic perfection of the skin tone? The advice of experienced dermatologists and beauty experts will help you understand the features of such an anomaly.

What are white spots on the skin?

Unfortunately, not every person is naturally given the opportunity to easily and quickly become covered with a pronounced and persistent tan: for some, such a result is the result of long and meticulous work on their own appearance, while others, no matter how hard they try, are simply not able to acquire chocolate tones naturally by. If darker Mediterranean and Central Europeans sunbathe in just a couple of sessions in a solarium, then fair-skinned owners of Scandinavian and Nordic appearance are not aware of such a luxury – they have to try hard to get the desired tones, and the result does not always justify the efforts made: in some cases, excessive persistence ends the appearance of white spots on the skin.

Redhead be especially careful!

Light areas that appear on the skin after sunburn for no apparent reason are physiologically a defect in the production of tanning pigment – melanin – which stains the skin in bronze tones.Most often, they do not manifest themselves in any way, do not cause itching and other discomfort. This ailment is typical for owners of ultraviolet-sensitive skin – babies up to 12-13 years old, while the immune defense is not fully formed, women during hormonal changes and after 40 years, as well as red-haired and pale-skinned Scandinavians, whose dermis cannot withstand intense UV radiation . .. However, this does not mean that others are insured against the appearance of white spots after sunburn – such a defect can occur against the background of health problems, or it can be caused by improper or too intense tanning.

Common Causes of Sunlight Spotlight

White spots on the skin cannot be caused by sunbathing – rather, it is an abnormal reaction to ultraviolet light, which manifests itself due to various factors. The most common causes of this defect include:

  1. Low melanin levels. If the amount of pigment in the dermal cells is small, and the synthesis of new molecules works “half-heartedly”, it is not surprising that light spots remain on the skin after sun exposure.
  2. Increased sweating. Excess sebum and sweat reflect some of the sun’s rays, resulting in an unstable and uneven tan.
  3. Vitiligo. If some of the dermal cells are unable to produce pigment on a par with the rest, it is not surprising that light spots will appear on the skin after sunburn. Usually, this dysfunction manifests itself after sunburn and various mechanical injuries.

These are white spots…

  1. Pityriasis versicolor. A fungus growing on the skin’s surface blocks some of the UV rays, so the cells react differently to tanning sessions. As a result, the shade is uneven, with light areas of various sizes and, moreover, is very quickly washed off.
  2. Drop-shaped hypomelanosis. Another disease that affects the response of the dermis to ultraviolet light is of a genetic nature.
  3. Reaction to pharmaceuticals. Certain pharmacological substances affect the ability of the skin to synthesize melanin, resulting in a dull and patchy tan. One example of such drugs is birth control pills, which alter hormone levels in the body and may interfere with the protective functions of the dermis.

For consultation – see a doctor

However, do not panic right away if you notice unsightly white formations after sunburn – they can be caused not only by serious dermatological diseases, but also by a banal lack of care and a pathological craving for extreme dark shades. Only a qualified doctor can determine the specific cause and prescribe adequate treatment, so you should make an appointment and undergo a thorough examination – so you will know what is happening to the body and what condition your skin is in.

How to improve the chances of an even tan? Helpful hints

Treatment of dermatological defects directly depends on the reasons that caused them. But what if everything is in order with health, a medical examination did not reveal any abnormalities, and the perfect shade does not want to “lie” on the skin? Try changing your approach to daily grooming and tanning sessions, and perhaps the color will delight you with a naturalness and uniformity, and there will be no trace of white spots:

  1. The main thing is quality! Ditch cheap and untested beauty products.At best, it will be useless, at worst, it can harm the tanning dermis. Better to buy 1-2, but high-quality cream or lotion that can provide the dermal cells with everything they need.
  2. Monitor the balance of vitamins. Vitamin-mineral complexes that are part of cosmetics are capable of intensively nourishing the dermis, as a result of which it tans better and more actively. It is ideal if the selected cream contains vitamins A and E, natural oils and plant extracts for deep nourishment of skin cells (the effect of vitamins on tanning).

The main thing for the skin is care

  1. Observe the drinking regime. Dehydration affects not only the condition of the internal organs, but also the sensitivity of the skin. Try to drink more fluids before and after sun exposure, and also give up overly salty and smoked foods that retain water in the body – this way you can maintain a normal water-salt balance.
  2. Cleanse your skin promptly. Horny scales, clogged pores, sweat, sebum deposits and other impurities unevenly reduce the skin’s sensitivity to UV light, which can lead to staining. Therefore, when heading to the beach, bring along sanitary napkins to cleanse your skin, and regularly use mild peels and detergents designed for gentle cleansing – so you can prepare for your session and make your tan more lasting.
  3. Observe good hygiene. When visiting the solarium, make sure that the administrator treats the booth with a disinfectant after each client. Be sure to use disposable rugs, paper footprints to protect your feet, and your own sun glasses to protect yourself from infectious skin diseases.

Shorten tanning sessions

And most importantly – don’t overdo it! If, despite all efforts, the tan does not become even and deep, and the number and size of white spots increases, it is worth giving up long sunbathing and sessions in a solarium – alas, in this case it will not be possible to overcome the peculiarities of the skin.

Self-tanning products – a safe alternative to sun tanning, or How to beat nature

If you dream of a golden-bronze tone, and the white spots on your skin do not want to pass, do not despair: such a problem is not a sentence! The possibilities of modern cosmetology allow you to get a gorgeous tan without leaving your home.

A properly selected self-tanning cosmetic will quickly cover the skin with a uniform chocolate shade, visually indistinguishable from natural, and safe formulas will not cause the slightest harm to the sensitive areas of the dermis.

Modern self-tanners give the perfect tone

Forget about reddish-yellow stains on the skin and unwashed stains on clothes – modern self-tanners have important advantages that make it as easy as possible to obtain the desired shades:

  • 100% security. The range of professional self-tanners includes delicate products designed for hypersensitive skin, so you don’t have to worry about the unpleasant effects of application.
  • Minimum effort. If you are not one of the lucky ones whom nature has awarded with 3-4 phototypes of dark skin, you know firsthand how difficult it is to achieve a noticeable result. Powerful instant tanning formulas can save you the hassle of covering your skin with long-lasting sun tones in just a couple of hours. And if you pre-prepare the skin by launching the receptors with a 2-3-minute session in a solarium a day before application, the effect will be simply stunning!
  • Cost effective. At first glance, it may seem that maintaining an artificial tan is several times more expensive than visiting a solarium. In fact, this is not at all the case: the cost of a bottle that can be used at home includes at least 6-8 applications, each of which lasts an average of 1 week. That is, 1 jar of self-tanning is enough for two whole months! To achieve the same results after a tanning bed, you will have to spend no less amount, and without constant support, the tone will brighten and wash off very quickly.And if you add to this the costs of travel, cosmetics and disposable protective accessories for each UV session, the difference will be quite noticeable, and not in favor of a tanning bed!

Self-tanners actually work

Do not experiment with your own skin health, trying to achieve the desired shade – modern self-tanners can do it much easier, faster and safer.