Broken big toe treatment at home: Treatment, Symptoms, Healing Time & Pictures


Broken toe – NHS

  • you have a bad cut or wound after injuring your toe
  • you have severe pain
  • it’s your child that has hurt or broken their toe

You may need further treatment in hospital, such as a boot, cast or surgery.

111 will tell you what to do. They can tell you the right place to get help if you need to see someone.

Go to 111.nhs.uk or call 111.

Other ways to get help

Go to an urgent treatment centre

Urgent treatment centres are places you can go if you need to see someone now.

They’re also called walk-in centres or minor injuries units.

You may be seen quicker than you would at A&E.

Find an urgent treatment centre

What we mean by severe pain

Severe pain:
  • always there and so bad it’s hard to think or talk
  • you cannot sleep
  • it’s very hard to move, get out of bed, go to the bathroom, wash or dress
Moderate pain:
  • always there
  • makes it hard to concentrate or sleep
  • you can manage to get up, wash or dress
Mild pain:
  • comes and goes
  • is annoying but does not stop you doing daily activities

Toe Injury | RemedyConnect

Is this your symptom?

  • Injury to the skin or nail of the toe
  • Injury to a bone, muscle, joint, or ligament of the toe

Some Basics.


  • There are many ways that people can injure their toes.
  • There are also many types of toe injuries. There are bones, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and muscles in the toes. These can all be injured.
  • A person with diabetes who gets injured must be careful and watchful. Wounds heal slower and have a greater chance of getting infected.
  • Treatment depends on the type of injury.

Types of Injuries

  • Abrasion: this is the medical term for scraped skin. This happens when an injury scrapes off the top layer of the skin. Pain is usually mild. This can usually be treated at home.
  • Contusion: this is the medical term for bruise. It is caused by a direct blow to the skin and muscles. The skin is not broken and there is no cut. The bruised skin may first look red, then purple, and finally orange-yellow. These skin color changes are from blood that leaked from tiny torn blood vessels in the bruised area. The skin may also be swollen. Pain is usually mild to moderate. Bruises are tender to touch. Most often this can be treated at home.
  • Cut – Superficial: superficial cuts (scratches) only go part of the way through the skin and rarely become infected. A scratch is an injury to the skin made by a sharp edge. For example, scratches can be caused by fingernails, a sharp nail, a piece of metal, or a branch of a tree or bush. A paper cut is a scratch from the edge of a piece of paper. This can usually be treated at home.
  • Cut – Deep: deep cuts (lacerations) go through the skin. A laceration is caused by cutting the skin with the sharp edge of an object. Lacerations longer than ½ inch (12 mm) usually need sutures (stitches).
  • Dislocation: this is when a bone comes out of the joint. The joint always looks crooked or deformed. The pain can be moderate to severe. A person with this problem should go to the doctor right away. A doctor will treat this by pulling the toe bone back into the joint socket.
  • Fracture: this is the medical term for a broken bone. It means the same thing as a break or crack in the bone. The pain is severe and there is often marked swelling. The type of treatment needed depends on the type of fracture. Usually a person with a broken toe just needs buddy taping. This is done by gently taping the injured toe to the toe next to it. A person with a bad fracture may need surgery.
  • Sprain (Jammed Toe): a sprain is the medical term used when ligaments are torn or over-stretched. Ligaments are the bands of tissue that connect bones to each other. For example, this can happen when a person is walking and “stubs” or “jams” his or her toe. Pain and swelling can range from mild to severe. Minor sprains heal themselves with time and rest. Usually a person with a toe sprain just needs buddy taping. This is done by gently taping the injured toe to the toe next to it.
  • Smashed or Crushed Toe: this most often results from a heavy object falling on the toe. Most often, the toe gets a few cuts, a blood blister, or a bruise. Sometimes the nail is damaged. Rarely, the toe bones can get broken.
  • Bruised Toenail (blood under the toenail): it can happen when a heavy object like a rock is dropped on the toe. The more blood under the nail, the more it hurts. If the pain is severe, the pressure may need to be released to help the pain go away. This is best done by a doctor or other trained provider and involves making a small hole in the nail to release the blood. A rule of thumb is that this may be needed if blood is under more than half of the nail. The toenail sometimes falls off after this type of injury. If it does, a new nail will grow back in 6 to 12 weeks.

When Are Stitches Needed?

  • Any cut that is split open or gaping most likely needs stitches. Cuts longer than ½ inch (12mm) most often need stitches.
  • A doctor should look at any open wound that may need stitches. A doctor should be seen regardless of the time passed since the injury.

Pain Scale

  • None: no pain. Pain score is 0 on a scale of 0 to 10.
  • Mild: the pain does not keep you from work, school, or other normal activities. Pain score is 1-3 on a scale of 0 to 10.
  • Moderate: the pain keeps you from working or going to school. It wakes you up from sleep. Pain score is 4-7 on a scale of 0 to 10.
  • Severe: the pain is very bad. It may be worse than any pain you have had before. It keeps you from doing any normal activities. Pain score is 8-10 on a scale of 0 to 10.

When to Call for Toe Injury

Call 911 Now

  • Major bleeding (nonstop bleeding or spurting)
  • You think you have a life-threatening emergency

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Toe looks crooked or deformed (like a dislocated joint or bad fracture)
  • Blood under the nail is causing severe pain
  • Toenail is torn from a crush injury or cut
  • Toenail is torn off
  • Base of nail has popped out from under the skin fold
  • Dirt in the wound is not gone after 15 minutes of scrubbing
  • Large area of redness or red streak coming from toe
  • You think you have a serious injury
  • You think you need to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Severe pain
  • You have diabetes and any toe injury
  • Cut or scrape looks infected (redness, red streak, or pus)
  • Last tetanus shot was more than 5 years ago, for DIRTY cut or scrape
  • Last tetanus shot was more than 10 years ago, for CLEAN cut or scrape
  • You think you need to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Contact Doctor During Office Hours

  • Pain from injury keeps you from working or going to school
  • Pain from injury is not better after 3 days
  • Injury is still painful or swollen after 2 weeks
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

Care Advice for Minor Injuries of Toe

  1. What You Should Know:
    • There are many ways that people can injure their toes.
    • There are also many types of toe injuries. There are bones, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and muscles in the toes. These can all be injured.
    • You can treat minor toe injuries at home.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Treatment of Cuts, Scratches, and Scrapes:
    • Use direct pressure for 10 minutes to stop any bleeding.
    • Wash the wound with soap and water for a few minutes.
    • Gently scrub out any dirt with a washcloth.
    • Put on an antibiotic ointment, covered by an adhesive bandage (Band-Aid) or dressing. Change daily.
  3. Treatment of Bruised Toe: Soak the toe in cold water for 20 minutes.

  4. Treatment of Bruised Toenail (blood present under toenail): Put an ice bag on the area for 20 minutes.

  5. Treatment of Jammed Toe:
    • Caution: Be certain that there is no deformity. The toe should line up with the other toes like normal.
    • Soak the toe in cold water for 20 minutes.
    • Protect your toe by “buddy-taping” it to the next toe.
  6. Treatment of Smashed or Crushed Toe:
    • Put an ice bag on the area for 20 minutes.
    • Wash the toe with soap and water for 5 minutes.
    • Trim any small pieces of torn dead skin with small sharp scissors. Clean the scissors with rubbing alcohol before and after use.
    • Put an antibiotic ointment on the wound. Cover it with an adhesive bandage (Band-Aid) and change daily.
  7. Treatment of Torn Nail (from catching it on something):
    • For a cracked nail without rough edges, leave it alone.
    • If the nail has a tear in it, you will need to trim off the loose piece. Use a small sharp scissors to cut it off along the line of the tear. Clean the scissors with rubbing alcohol before and after use. Pieces of the nail could catch on objects and cause further tearing.
    • Put an antibiotic ointment on the nail bed. Cover it with an adhesive bandage (Band-Aid) and change daily.
    • After about 7 days, the nail bed should be covered by new skin. It should no longer hurt. It takes about 6-12 weeks for a toenail to grow back.
  8. Pain Medicine:
    • You can take one of the following drugs if you have pain: acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve).
    • They are over-the-counter (OTC) pain drugs. You can buy them at the drugstore.
    • Use the lowest amount of a drug that makes your pain feel better.
    • Acetaminophen is safer than ibuprofen or naproxen in people over 65 years old.
    • Read the instructions and warnings on the package insert for all medicines you take.
  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Cut or scrape looks infected (redness, red streak, or pus)
    • Pain becomes severe
    • Pain is not better after 3 days
    • Pain or swelling lasts more than 2 weeks
    • You think you need to be seen
    • You get worse

And remember, contact your doctor if you develop any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

Last Reviewed: 11/30/2021 1:00:47 AM
Last Updated: 10/21/2021 1:00:51 AM

Copyright 2021 Amazon.com, Inc., or its affiliates.

At-Home Tips For a Broken Toe

A broken toe can be an unexpected and painful event. Depending on the injury, some toes heal faster than others. If you find yourself in this situation at odd hours of the night or somewhere where you can’t seem to get to a doctor, here are some tips that you could use until you reach medical help.

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

If this has happened to you before, or to someone you know, figuring out whether or not the toe is broken poses a challenge.

Run your fingers over the toe and feel for any bumps or odd textures. The inability to bend or walk on the toe can be a good indication that it’s broken. If the toe begins to turn purple, red or black in some instances, make sure to follow these useful tips.

CLICK HERE to learn about Dr. Andrés O’Daly, Our Foot & Ankle Doctor

At-Home Tips

Here are some basic things you can do from home to make sure you heal your broken toe in the fastest and easiest way possible:


Resting will help your toe heal faster without putting yourself through more pain than you have to. If you feel that you can’t walk, the best thing to do is not force it.

When resting your foot, try to keep it elevated. This will help to keep the pressure off the foot. Avoid elevation for long periods of time so to keep the blood flowing to the affected toe. At minimum, avoid putting weight on the foot for a couple of days.

Ice Packs

An ice pack can greatly reduce swelling and can numb the area for some time. Place an ice pack on the affected area for ten to fifteen minutes every day for a couple of days. Applying ice for more than these time frames can cause frostbite, and could make the pain worse. Make sure to use it in moderation.

If you don’t have an ice pack at home, and in desperate need of icy relief, you can make one yourself. Here is an easy mix:

Mix nine oz of dish soap, one fourth cup of rubbing alcohol and a little water. Freeze the blend in a Ziploc bag. This mixture should get cold, but it won’t freeze allowing you to manipulate it. This should hold you over until a real ice pack is available.

“Buddy Tape”

To better stabilize your toe, wrap gauze around the broken toe and the next biggest toe. If you don’t have access to gauze, use any tape you have until you can get your hands on better materials. Place a Popsicle stick or cotton ball between the toes so the broken toe will heal in a straight position.

We recommend taking anti-inflammatory medicine, like ibuprofen as this process may be slightly painful. Also, please seek professional, medical assistance to ensure you don’t injure the toe further, or cause it to heal crookedly.

CLICK HERE to learn about Dr. Andrés O’Daly, Our Foot & Ankle Doctor

NHS 111 Wales – Health A-Z : Broken toe

A broken or fractured toe can be very painful, but isn’t usually serious and can often be treated at home. Most will heal in four to six weeks.

More severe breaks may take longer to heal and may need treatment in hospital.

Symptoms of a broken toe

A broken toe will usually be:

  • extremely painful and tender
  • swollen
  • red or bruised
  • difficult to walk on

If the break is severe, the toe may stick out at an angle or the bone may poke through the skin.

It can be difficult to tell if a toe is broken or just badly hurt. Don’t worry if you’re not sure, as the treatment is usually the same for both.

How to treat a broken toe at home

Most broken toes can be treated at home. See below for advice about when to see your GP and when to go to hospital.

The following tips can be used to care for a broken toe:

  • Put a piece of cotton wool or gauze between the injured toe and the one next to it, and tape them together with a plaster or surgical tape.
  • Keep your foot raised (ideally above the level of your heart) whenever you can during the first few days – for example, by resting it on cushions. This will help reduce swelling and pain.
  • Hold an ice pack (try frozen peas wrapped in a towel) to the toe for 15-20 minutes every few hours for the first couple of days. Don’t apply ice directly to the skin.
  • Rest the toe by not walking or standing for too long at first, and not putting weight on the toe until the pain starts to improve.
  • Take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve the pain. Don’t give aspirin to a child under 16 years of age.
  • Wear sturdy shoes with a stiff sole that don’t squash or bend the toe.

You can gradually return to your normal activities once you’re able to wear shoes and walk around without discomfort.

When to see your GP

Check the toe every day and call your GP if:

  • the pain gets worse or isn’t relieved by ordinary painkillers – your GP may be able to prescribe a stronger painkiller
  • the swelling or discolouration doesn’t improve after a few days
  • you have a wound or broken skin near the injured toe, which will need cleaning to prevent infection
  • you have a condition that affects the nerves or blood circulation in your feet, such as diabetes or peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
  • you’re still having problems, such as pain not improving or difficulty walking, after more than two to three weeks

When to go to hospital

Go to your nearest accident and emergency (A&E) department if:

  • you have had a severe injury, such as your foot being crushed or a road traffic accident
  • you think your big toe is broken
  • your toes are cold and numb or tingling
  • the skin on your toe has turned blue or grey
  • the toe is severely deformed – for example, the toe is bent at an angle or the bone is sticking out of the skin
  • severe pain under the nail, which may be the result of a collection of blood

Treatment for a badly broken toe

If your toe is badly broken, you may need:

  • an X-ray of your foot to check if your toe is broken and how severe the break is
  • a procedure to move any out of place bones back into the right position – a doctor can often do this with their hands (no cuts are needed) while your foot is numbed with local anaesthetic
  • a procedure to drain blood from underneath the nail of the affected toe, or remove the nail completely if there’s a lot of blood trapped under it
  • a cast or a special wooden-soled shoe or boot to support your big toe if it’s broken
  • crutches so you can walk without putting weight on the toe
  • any wounds cleaned, and possibly antibiotics or a tetanus jab if your vaccinations aren’t up-to-date

If the break is particularly severe, you may need surgery to put the broken bones back into the correct position and fix them in place with special pins or screws.

How to Heal a Broken Toe: 13 Steps (with Pictures)

About This Article

Co-authored by:

Board Certified Pediatrician

This article was co-authored by Laura Marusinec, MD. Dr. Marusinec is a board certified Pediatrician at the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, where she is on the Clinical Practice Council. She received her M.D. from the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Medicine in 1995 and completed her residency at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Pediatrics in 1998. She is a member of the American Medical Writers Association and the Society for Pediatric Urgent Care. This article has been viewed 2,068,375 times.

Co-authors: 86

Updated: September 16, 2021

Views: 2,068,375

Medical Disclaimer

The content of this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis, or treatment. You should always contact your doctor or other qualified healthcare professional before starting, changing, or stopping any kind of health treatment.

Article SummaryX

To heal a broken toe, it’s important that you visit a doctor or specialist so they can determine the severity of your injury. While you wait for your toe to heal, avoid using your injured foot as much as possible. You should also apply an ice pack to your broken toe for 10-15 minutes every hour until the pain and swelling start to subside after a few days. Also, try to keep your foot elevated on a chair or stack of pillows while it’s healing, which will help combat inflammation. To learn how to deal with complications that might arise from a broken toe, scroll down.

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Big Toe Injuries Can Be More Problematic Than You Think


Surgeons warn — don’t underestimate an injured or broken toe.

CHICAGO – Big toe, great toe, or the medical term “hallux”-whatever you call that first toe of yours, it’s an important digit you don’t want to injure, because it could turn out to be a bigger problem than you think.

One such injury is “turf toe,” something that happens in football or other sports when the toe is forcefully bent in the wrong way. Other types of big toe injuries occur during everyday activities, such as dropping a heavy object on the foot or even badly stubbing your toe.

“The important thing to remember is that even though it’s just a toe, an injury to the big toe can be a big problem,” says Michael Cornelison, DPM, FACFAS, foot and ankle surgeon in Cupertino, CA and Fellow member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. For this reason, medical attention is needed if the symptoms-pain and swelling-don’t resolve after a few days.

Turf toe varies in severity, ranging from a mild sprain to broken bones and a complete disruption of the ligaments around the big toe joint. “Turf toe can be significant and put an athlete out of commission for quite some time,” says Dr. Cornelison.

More commonplace big toe injuries-such as stubbing your toe or dropping something on the toe-also vary in severity and may involve broken bones, a ligament sprain, and a crushed or torn-off toenail. If the toe was injured by something sharp such as a lawnmower or weeding tool, the damage could include deep cuts or worse.

“The logical reaction to most big toe injuries is to think that it’s just a mild sprain, and to simply rest and let it recover,” says Dr. Cornelison. “That’s fine, if the injury really is mild. But if the symptoms continue for more than two or three days,it may be more serious and it needs to be evaluated.”

Timely evaluation is critical because waiting too long closes the “window of opportunity” for effective treatment and full recovery. This is especially true if the sesmoid bones-two very small bones in the area of the big toe-are broken or dislocated. If a broken bone is neglected, it could become a fracture that won’t heal and could create problems down the road.  

“The quicker the treatment is started, the better the result will be,” emphasizes Dr. Cornelison. “That’s why we don’t want patients waiting too long to have it evaluated.” 

Evaluation often includes taking x-rays, and sometimes an MRI, to determine the extent of the injury. Part of the evaluation process is also detecting whether potential problems could develop in the future. 

Treatment for a fractured sesmoid bone may seem out of proportion to its tiny size. It might include a prolonged period of wearing a cast and not bearing weight on the foot. In addition, the surgeon may use an ultrasound or electric bone stimulator to treat the injury. In some cases, surgery is performed to remove one or both of the fractured fragments.

Some factors can make a person more prone to big toe injuries, such as participating in football, soccer, basketball, baseball, dance, gymnastics, and other sports. In addition, people who have had previous injuries to the big toe or have arthritis around the big toe joint might be at higher risk. 

Whatever the cause leading to a big toe injury, Dr. Cornelison advises: “Be diligent about seeking treatment with a foot and ankle surgeon so you won’t lose that important window of opportunity.”

For more information on big toe injuries and foot and ankle health, visit the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons’ patient education website atFootHealthFacts.org. 

How Long Does A Broken Toe Take To Heal?

Few people can say that they have never broken a bone in their body. The pain associated with breaking a bone is intense and only increases depending on the bone you break.

Those that have just hit a toe against something know it can cause excruciating pain. In most cases, the pain is so intense that we believe it’s broken even when it’s not.

If you have recently broken a toe, there a few things that can be useful to know, for example:

  • What’s the difference between having a fractured and broken toe?
  • What are the symptoms of a broken toe?
  • How long does a broken toe take to heal?
  • When should you see a doctor?
  • How is a broken toe healed?

What’s The Difference Between Having a Fractured and a Broken Toe?

After stubbing a toe, we sometimes hear the use of the term “hairline fracture” and believe it’s less serious. It might surprise you to learn that fracturing a bone is the same thing as breaking a bone; both terms refer to a disruption in the structure of a bone.

What Are The Symptoms of a Broken Toe?

When you have a broken toe, you will experience pain, but other symptoms to expect are:

  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Bruising (up to two weeks)
  • Difficult to walk on

How Long Does a Broken Toe Take to Heal?

The first thing we want when we injure something is how long it will take to heal. When we fracture (or break) a toe, the length of time to heal will depend on how severely you injured your toe and the toe that broke.

A broken lesser toe can take between four to six weeks to heal. When the big toe is injured, it can take between six to eight weeks to heal. The difference in healing time is due to the extra work that the big toe has to do with the body. Healing can also take several months.

When Should You See a Doctor?

The majority of the time, the healing of a toe can happen at home. The first indication that you should see a doctor is if the broken toe is the big toe. A broken big toe can lead to more serious issues.

If the broken toe is one of the other toes, the things to look for when deciding if you should see a doctor include:

  • Injuries that cause the toe to point out at an odd angle
  • The broken toe causes an open wound

Healing a Broken Toe

The most crucial aspect of healing a broken toe is resting appropriately. Don’t perform any physical activities that cause the pain to worsen. Keep the foot immobile and raised as much as possible.

Other helpful tips for the healing process are to:

  • Ice the broken toe for about 20 minutes every couple of hours.
  • Wear shoes that are wider and have a stiff sole.
  • Take ibuprofen for the pain and swelling.
  • Strap up the broken toe to one of the toes next to it for stability.

Trusted Podiatrists

If the pain from a broken toe doesn’t start to subside after a couple of days, the podiatrists at Canyon Oaks Foot and Ankle are ready to provide the help you need. Contact us and let us bring relief quicker.

Contusion of the joint on the big toe – SMXMC

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90,000 Bruised toe – what to do at home? How to treat and first aid

Toe contusions are one of the most common household injuries . In this case, damage to soft tissues is observed – the ligamentous apparatus, skin, muscle tissue.

These injuries are usually associated with falls, hitting hard objects or dropping heavy objects on the leg.

What to do at home with a bruised toe?

Clinical picture

Before treating a bruised toe at home, you need to analyze the clinical picture.The main symptoms of this condition include:

  1. A swelling appears a few hours after the injury.
  2. The intensity of pain gradually decreases, and after the onset of edema, it increases again.
  3. Pinpoint hematomas appear with minor bruising. If the finger turns blue, this indicates more serious damage. A bruise of the nail is often accompanied by the detachment of the plate.
  4. After injury, the mobility of the injured area is preserved. When puffiness appears, it may be disturbed.However, at the initial stage, the movements of the finger do not change.

How to distinguish a bruise from a fracture?

Many people after injury are interested in how to distinguish a broken toe from a bruise. To do this, you need to pay attention to the following symptoms:

  1. Very severe and sharp pain usually indicates a fracture . When a bruise is received, the discomfort disappears after 3-4 hours, while in the case of bone damage, it only intensifies.
  2. With severe bruising, there is a risk of hematomas, swelling, swelling .Sometimes soft tissues and adjacent fingers are affected. With a fracture, this process starts immediately, whereas with a bruise, this can occur after a day.
  3. In case of a fracture, the finger is extremely difficult to bend . This is due not only to the appearance of swelling, but also to intense pain.
  4. An indirect symptom of a fracture is hemorrhage under the nail . It takes on a bluish tint, and then turns black. In addition, a person can feel distension and throbbing.
  5. Fracture can also be suspected by the unnatural position of the finger . When pressed, a person can feel the movement of bone fragments or hear a crunch.

If you suspect a fracture or crack, you should immediately contact a surgeon or traumatologist. X-rays are taken to identify this problem.

First aid for contusion

First aid for a bruised toe consists in performing the following actions:

  1. Inspection of the affected area .First of all, you need to examine the sore finger and check its functions. If a person can bend and straighten it, then only a bruise is present. In case of impaired mobility, consultation with a traumatologist is required.
  2. Cold compress . It provides pain relief and vasoconstriction, which helps prevent hematoma formation. To prevent hypothermia, you need to apply cold compresses through the cloth. You can use a towel for this.
  3. Disinfection .If external skin lesions are observed, they must be washed and treated with disinfectants. At the same time, it is forbidden to use iodine, since it has a warming effect.
  4. Bandage application . Additionally, it is worth using a tight bandage. This will help numb the affected joint.
  5. Prevention of circulatory problems . To do this, the affected leg is slightly raised.
  6. The use of painkillers . You can also apply a special bruise ointment.It is not necessary to use Aspirin for pain relief, as this agent leads to increased bleeding.
  7. Pressure bandage or application of disinfectant adhesive tape . This measure is required in case of damage to the nail plate.
  8. Providing rest for the damaged area .

Treatment procedures

If severe pain or severe swelling is present for a long time, consult a doctor. The specialist will tell you how to quickly heal the affected finger.In simpler cases, the consequences of a bruise can be dealt with on your own.

How to numb the affected area? For this, special ointments are used that contain ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, ketoprofen. With the help of such funds, swelling and inflammation can be eliminated.

If severe pain is observed, pain relievers should be used.

If the bruise is not very strong, treatment with folk remedies will help. The most effective are the following:

  1. Plantain leaf compress .They need to be ground to a state of gruel and applied to the affected area. It is recommended to change the compress every 3 hours
  2. Bodyagi Powder . This product must be mixed with water to achieve the consistency of sour cream. Then apply to the affected area and bandage your finger. This dressing should be changed every 12 hours.
  3. Potato compress . To do this, boil the vegetable, then knead and cool a little. Then the gruel should be wrapped with gauze and applied to the affected area for 4 hours. After the end of the specified period, the bandage is changed. It is important to bear in mind that you should not apply a compress on damaged nails.
  4. Calendula decoction compress . Also, an iodine mesh can be applied to the surface of the injured thumb.

It is permissible to do any warming procedures only one day after the finger is injured. If this rule is violated, there is a risk of serious deterioration in the patient’s condition.

Many people ask how long the bruise is .If after 2 weeks the pain persists or bloody and purulent discharge is observed from the damaged area, it is imperative to consult a specialist. Otherwise, there is a risk of dangerous complications.

What should not be done in case of injury?

If a toe is injured, do not perform the following actions:

  1. Rub or massage the affected areas. Such actions can cause thrombophlebitis, which is a blockage of veins.
  2. Warm up injured areas on the first day after injury.
  3. Try to forcefully bend or unbend fingers, try to put them in place.
  4. Take medications without medical advice. This is especially important for serious injuries.

A bruised toe is a fairly common injury that is accompanied by pain and swelling. In simple cases, it is quite possible to cope with the consequences of damage on your own, using medicines and folk remedies.

If suspicious symptoms appear, it is imperative to consult a doctor .

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90,000 Toe fracture: first aid, treatment, rehabilitation

Author Yulia Vladimirovna Dmitruk Read 13 min Viewed 1.8k. Published

Anyone can get a toe fracture.It is enough to hit a stone, a corner of furniture, or fall under the wheel of a bicycle. The limbs are always more vulnerable to injury, and extreme sports do not need to be taken to earn injury. Most often, the big toe gets hit, a little less often a fracture of the little toe on the leg occurs. Each injury has its own specifics and special methods of treatment.


Closed fractures are the most common. In this case, the integrity of the skin is preserved.Compression injury is often accompanied by displacement. An open comminuted fracture is difficult to repair. But much is determined by the location of the damage. In this regard, allocate:

  • big toe fracture – often accompanied by a fracture of the sesamoid bone. Intra-articular lesions are the most difficult to treat;
  • fracture of the index finger – involves damage to one or more phalanges of the fingers;
  • fracture of the middle finger – the nail phalanx suffers more often, and along the fracture line, the fracture can be oblique, longitudinal or transverse;
  • Fracture of the ring finger – a single injury is rare, very often the damage also affects the little finger.There are also simultaneous injuries to the 1,2 and 4,5 fingers;
  • fracture of the little toe – One of the most common injuries is a fracture of the proximal phalanx.

Damage without displacement heals faster, and medical reduction is not required. It is much more difficult in case of significant deformations. In this case, there are several types of displacements:

  • with divergence and overlapping;
  • lateral and angular offset;
  • with wedging of fragments.

In case of damage to the middle and distal phalanx, the treatment tactics will be the same, although the damage itself occurs in different ways. Only a punctured fracture of the toes can cause a fracture of the middle phalanx. It is quite difficult to damage it if dropped or hit.

Fractures of the phalanges

A blow to the entire foot leads to phalangeal injuries. The first two fingers are often subjected to mechanical stress, and therefore fractures of this kind are found in them. Axial loading on the broken phalanges is impossible, the damaged finger is unable to bend.Injuries can also be open and closed, and wounds on protruding fingers are many times more common.

Swelling occurs at the site of injury. A blow to the big toe causes similar disturbances as with a thumb injury, due to the presence of only two phalanges. Phalangeal fractures are divided into T-shaped, oblique and transverse. A direct impact on the fifth toe causes multiple injuries due to the small size of the phalanges. The affected little finger instantly swells and becomes cyanotic.

ICD trauma code 10

Code S92 covers all foot fractures. With an injury such as a broken little finger, a separate code is not assigned, but with a thumb injury, the code S92 is prescribed in the card. 4. In case of a complex fracture with multiple injuries of the foot, the disease is designated by the code S92.7. All fractures of any toe except the thumb are covered by code S92.5.


It is possible to get a fracture of a toe as a result of a strong blow. Football players are familiar with this kind of injury, and even reinforced boots don’t always protect the foot from injury.More often it gets to the first finger, because it has the largest sizes. Traumatic injuries occur due to the fall of a heavy object, accidents, falling of the foot under the weight. A person can stumble and develop a crack, but in the normal state of the musculoskeletal system, only a finger bruise occurs. A fracture with minimal impact is simply due to the fragility of the bones. Diseases such as osteoporosis and tuberculosis lead to tissue weakening.

Injuries caused by bone pathologies occur only in 5% of cases from general fractures.As a result of this injury, the integrity of the group of bones is disrupted, and recovery is extremely difficult. So, if the phalanx of the little finger is damaged, cracks in the metatarsus are often observed. A minor blow to another object can cause such pathologies. It is enough to step on a person’s foot to provoke injury.


Due to a fracture of the big toe, the foot takes a forced position. This immediately catches the eye, and there are no problems with the diagnosis.Symptoms of a broken toe are less severe. The leg can swell and turn blue both with a fracture and with a bruise.

What are the first signs of a toe fracture? First of all, it is intense pain. It increases with tapping or palpation. Painful shock does not occur. Even in the event of a serious injury, the pain can be tolerated. A hematoma in the area of ​​the fracture indicates a rupture of blood vessels. In some cases, the leg becomes literally purple. Puffiness after a fracture often occurs with severe bruising and damage to soft tissues.

If there are wounds, then we are talking about an open injury. Skin lesions often accompany symptoms of a fractured or cracked big toe. Other signs of a toe fracture are:

  • redness and local hyperthermia;
  • enlargement of the damaged finger in size;
  • limitation of mobility or complete immobilization.

Symptoms of a fractured toe may include shortening of the injured toe and its abnormal mobility.In case of bone crushing, the fragments can be seen with the naked eye. Signs of a fractured little toe include a deformity of the foot and a possible deeper shift of the fifth toe. The characteristic symptoms of a fracture of the little toe include crepitus of bones or bone fragments.

First aid

Lack of adequate therapy can lead to irreversible deformities. If it is not possible to quickly deliver the victim to the doctor, then you need to provide first aid for a fractured toe.

In this case, the procedure will be as follows:

  • Give the patient an anesthetic;
  • treat the wound, if any;
  • fix the damaged pin.

If the pain syndrome does not decrease, then non-narcotic analgesics are suggested. Immobilization should be done if displacement is suspected. You can fix your toe with a bandage and splint. Usually the thumb is immobilized. It is wrapped with a pencil or other solid and suitable object.Fixation is not always justified. Most often, the patient is simply laid or seated, and the leg is placed on a dais.

If the main phalanx of 4 fingers is damaged, then you can fix the finger with the adjacent one. It is impossible to tie the phalanges tightly; a cotton pad is placed between them. Cold will help relieve pain and swelling. A bag of crushed ice is applied for 5-10 minutes, and then a break is taken to avoid frostbite. Cooling will help if there is a fracture of the little toe, but for this damage, first aid will be slightly different.

What to do if the little toe is broken

In case of injury to the little toe, the leg must be lifted up and placed on a pillow in a relaxed position. This will prevent swelling and swelling of the soft tissues. Immobilization of the little finger is not required, but the foot must be secured to bring the victim to the hospital. Shoes are not worn, otherwise the chipped bones may be displaced.

What else to do in case of a toe fracture at home? After carrying out anesthetic and anti-inflammatory therapy, all that remains is to call an ambulance.Without an accurate diagnosis, it is difficult to take further action. It is forbidden to adjust your finger yourself.


Minor cracks and fractures often do without severe symptoms. It is not always possible to determine the injury by eye. In the case of a fracture of the nail phalanx of the big toe, deformities are easily visualized. The specialist asks a question regarding the prescription and causes of the injury. An x-ray is taken to clarify the diagnosis. The traumatologist prescribes an X-ray in two projections, which will accurately localize the violation.The tactics of treatment also depend on the accuracy of the diagnosis.

If the second and further digits are damaged, the patient may not be aware of the fracture. Often the symptoms are similar to a common bruise. How to identify a fractured toe without X-ray? An experienced physician will be able to understand the nature of damage during palpation and tapping. But it is not always possible to recognize complex wounds visually. You can find out the crack using CT. But this method looks redundant and unjustified when the damage is obvious.


Temporary disability in case of foot injury is small. A severe injury is a fracture of the little finger. In this case, a plaster cast is applied and the foot is immobilized.

If the broken little fingers on the leg are displaced, then they are set. How to treat a fracture in the event of a closed injury? Usually the method of one-step reduction is used. Treatment of a toe fracture begins with anesthesia, after which the finger is gently pulled out, returning it to its physiological position.After the adjustment, the functionality of all fingers is checked. If the swelling goes away and the fingers are functioning properly, install the retainer. This is usually a cast, but there may be a bandage.

The timing of immobilization of the phalanges of the toes is determined by the severity of the injury. For minor injuries, a thumb brace can reduce stress and protect the foot from external influences.

If the fracture cannot be cured with the help of one-stage closed reduction, skeletal traction is used.It is an invasive reconstruction technique that keeps the bone fragments in the correct position. The damaged little finger (or other finger) is pierced and a nylon thread is inserted. If the little toe is broken, you can fix it with special pins. In adults, fusion takes several weeks, in children – less. The puncture site is treated with antiseptics, and after removing the retainer, orthosis is installed on the finger.

It makes no sense to use folk remedies for fracture.The exception is phytopreparations with decongestant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. But they are used for short-term treatment. Products with gelatin content – jelly and jellied meat allow to speed up the process of accretion.

Surgical treatment

Open reduction is inevitable if the bone is displaced or an open fracture occurs with damage to the cartilage tissue. The most difficult is a fracture with multiple fragments. To match the fragments, knitting needles, metal wire and plates are used.The rules of surgical treatment provide for subsequent plastering for up to 8 weeks.

Despite the surgical precision in open surgery, there are many difficulties that arise from the specifics of the therapy. The risk of infection and suppuration remains high, and it may be difficult to administer anesthesia.

How much to treat and wear plaster

How to quickly heal a damaged foot and shorten the duration of fracture treatment? Much is determined by the individual characteristics of the patient’s body and the specifics of the injuries themselves.After open reduction, the bones grow together for a long time. Whether a plaster cast is needed after the main treatment is determined by the traumatologist. But no reduction is complete without additional commit.

You will have to wear a plaster cast as long as a finger fracture heals. With cracks and minor fractures of the toes, immobilization lasts up to 3 weeks. In case of displacement, you can walk no earlier than after 4 weeks, and sometimes after 6 weeks. How much a finger fracture heals in the case of an open wound depends on the complexity of the operation.Plaster is usually prescribed for a period of 5-6 weeks. Recovery takes up to 2 months if complications have occurred.

In the event of an incorrect splice, a second operation will be required. It’s hard to say how long the recovery will take. Usually the period of incapacity for work is doubled.


The development of the foot after removal of the cast should be carried out under the supervision of a physician. The specialist will prescribe gymnastics, massage and physiotherapy.It doesn’t take long to recover from a broken thumb. It takes from several weeks to a month to recover. But this is in the absence of complications.

The patient is recommended to start exercise therapy immediately after removing the cast. One effective exercise is fingering small objects with your toes. Such gymnastics will be especially useful if nerves have been damaged due to injury. Overvoltage during training should not be. First, they train for 15-20 minutes, over time, the duration of the classes is increased to 40-60 minutes.


Exercises after a toe fracture involve squeezing and straightening all toes. The injured finger is not used for some time, but then it is also connected to gymnastics. At the first stage, it is better to replace the exercises with self-massage. Light stroking and squeezing will improve blood flow and prevent atrophy. There should be no unpleasant sensations during gymnastics. The duration of therapy is no more than 10 minutes, the duration of the course is 10-15 procedures.

You can develop a foot on your own, but before doing massage and gymnastics, you should consult a doctor.If the fracture of the toe heals slowly, then hardware physiotherapy is prescribed. The following treatments have proven effective:

  • UHF-therapy – reduces pain syndrome, improves tissue trophism, stimulates metabolism and capillary blood circulation. One of the most reliable methods of recovery after fractures;
  • magnetotherapy – accelerates regeneration, prevents the development of diseases of the skeletal system, reduces edema;
  • interference currents – activate trophic processes, relieve hematomas, normalize blood circulation.

Ozokerite applications have useful properties. They dilate blood vessels and eliminate pain after a long stay in one position. Salt baths have a similar effect. Soda baths will prevent complications and the development of callus. They eliminate local inflammatory reactions and reduce post-traumatic edema.

Complications and consequences

Negative consequences arise from the lack of treatment.Many patients simply do not go to the doctor, because the injury does not bother them much. But this is at first. Over time, the deformities become irreversible, and the foot does not function properly.

Complications can arise from errors in therapy. If the fracture of the phalanx of one of the toes does not heal correctly, callus may form. This is an abnormal tissue at the fusion site. Its size sometimes exceeds the size of the phalanx. The growth of replacement tissue is due to the weakness of the bone structure.Callus compensates for the lack of strength, but it causes great inconvenience to the patient. It causes pain, interferes with walking, complicates the selection of shoes. In addition, it is always an additional source of inflammation and a vulnerable spot in the event of injury.

If the callus is formed due to improper reduction, then a second operation is required. In this case, healing will take longer than usual. In the presence of a bone defect, repeated surgery is associated with the risk of tissue inflammation.

Other complications of toe fractures are also distinguished:

  • False joint – occurs due to shrapnel damage. The scattered fragments are erased and become separate elements of the bone. They are not connected to each other, and the space between them is the same false joint. Due to the lack of cartilage tissue, an inflammatory process occurs between the fragments. The functionality of the toe and foot is generally reduced. If the upper phalanx is damaged, then nail ingrowth is possible;
  • ankylosis – occurs due to inflammation in damaged tissues.Over time, the joints become ossified and lose their mobility. This is one of the reasons why toes go numb. Sometimes they are completely immobilized, which leads to tissue death. To get rid of this defect, prosthetics are used;
  • Osteomyelitis is one of the most dangerous complications. It occurs as a result of improper treatment of an open fracture. Pathogens enter the bone and cause inflammation. The infection enters the body through an open wound. Less often – by hematogenous route. Correct initial treatment of damage will prevent the development of osteomyelitis.If it is not possible to avoid infection, powerful antibiotic therapy is used. In advanced cases – depressurization of the bone;
  • shortening of the bone – is the result of improper union. Incorrect reduction followed by immobilization firmly fix the fragments in the wrong position. The support function of the bone decreases, and pain occurs during movement. The risk of re-fracture increases dramatically. The next reduction will help to correct the situation, but the fragility of the damaged bone is still preserved.


In case of weakening of the skeletal system, calcium supplements are prescribed. They are recommended for prophylaxis for all elderly people, women during and after menopause, as well as pregnant and lactating women. From a medical point of view, the best prevention is increased caution on the street and at home. Avoiding a fracture of the main phalanx is easy if you look under your feet and prevent injury.

Foods enriched with calcium, magnesium, vitamin D will help to strengthen bones.This group includes fermented milk products, egg yolks, nuts, chicken liver, seafood, olive oil. They also prevent diseases such as arthritis and arthrosis. At the same time, you should limit the intake of oxalic and uric acids.

Dear readers of the 1MedHelp website, if you have any questions on this topic, we will be happy to answer them. Leave your feedback, comments, share stories of how you survived a similar trauma and successfully coped with the consequences! Your life experience may be useful to other readers.

90,000 Toe contusion, treatment with folk remedies, diagnosis and symptoms

Everyone has had a toe injury at some time because it is easy enough to get it. Sometimes they are almost invisible and easily tolerated without much treatment. But there are times when the bruises are so severe that surgical intervention is required.

Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish a contusion from a dislocation or fracture, because their external signs and pain sensations are almost identical.In order for a bruised toe, which home treatment will help to heal it quickly, does not cause discomfort, you need to understand its nature and learn to provide first aid, correct for this type of injury.


  1. Structure of toes
  2. What is a bruise, the severity of bruises
  3. Signs of injury
  4. We provide first aid
  5. Methods for treating a bruise: contacting a traumatologist in a timely manner
  6. Injury prevention

Structure of the toes

The skeleton of the foot consists of phalanges – bones that differ from the bones of the hand in size: they are much smaller.The toes have only three phalanges: proximal, middle and distal.

The structure of the thumb is slightly different, since the middle phalanx is absent. Despite the fact that the foot is less active than the hand, its fingers still have movable joints.

The structure of the bones of the fingers and the foot as a whole is organized in such a way as to provide strong support to the entire body, due to the contact of two points (front and back) with the ground. The phalanges of the fingers in this case do not play a big role, since they almost do not reach the ground.

They work by contracting the muscles of the legs and tendons, being responsible for the staticness of the body when moving a person, help him maintain balance and not fall when bending forward. This is a very important role for the toes, since without them a person simply would not be able to move normally evenly without throwing the body in different directions and without creating difficulties for balance.

Since this area of ​​the skeleton is very fragile and is easily damaged by any rough interaction, touching soft tissues, bruises are quite common in children and not only.

What is a bruise, the severity of bruises

Contusion is a special trauma, which is characterized by a violation of the healthy state of soft tissues, their damage. Toe injuries that can be treated at home often go away quickly, and there are times when this type of injury is combined with another, more serious one. Then the risk of a more dangerous condition of the victim increases.

A bruise can occur in any person with careless behavior in various everyday situations, namely in everyday life.It can be a hit on a chair, sofa, door, bed, table, etc. After all, often people simply do not look at their feet, as a result of which they hit the most unexpected objects; you can also suffer when a weighty object falls on your leg.

This reason is closely intertwined with domestic injuries, because, while performing some everyday tasks, we cannot cope with heavy objects or simply do not monitor the injury hazard.

You can also get injured while playing sports.Naturally, people whose feet are directly and most importantly involved in their sports activities are most susceptible to the risk of injury to the fingers. This applies to footballers and wrestlers.

Bruises have 4 degrees of severity:

  • 1 degree, which is characterized by minor injuries and defects of the skin, scratches and bruises, such a bruise usually disappears after a few days;
  • 2 degree, at which the muscles are damaged, a hematoma with pronounced edema is formed, the pain with such a bruise is quite strong;
  • Grade 3, which can lead to dislocation, usually such an injury is caused by a fall of a heavy object or a blow;
  • 4 degree, which is the most dangerous and severe, since soft tissues are significantly deformed, bone fractures and severe dislocations occur.

A bruised toe, which depends on the severity of the treatment, can be caused by a variety of everyday injuries and have serious health consequences.

Symptoms of bruises

In order to navigate when you receive a bruise and provide first aid in time, you should learn to distinguish its symptoms from the symptoms of other injuries. Under normal conditions, any injury to the leg seems severe, and sometimes even a fracture can look like a bruise.

Symptoms of this type of injury include:

  • severe pain in the area of ​​damage, which is formed as a result of irritation of the nerve fibers after rough mechanical impact on them. In other words, after a strong blow.
  • edema gradually increases, as small vessels burst or the integrity of their walls is disrupted. The edema will build up until the hemorrhage stops and the vessels are not thrombosed.
  • immobility or partial cessation of the functioning of the limbs.This symptom may be the result of swelling that blocks movable joints;
  • discoloration of the skin and skin derivatives on the legs. This peculiar symptom of edema is a side effect of blood flow. The color gamut can range from red to purple.

Knowing the symptoms makes it easy to recognize and heal a bruise. The main thing is to do it on time.

How to give first aid

First aid will help to temporarily eliminate pain and create all conditions for further healing of the injury.

In case of severe injury, first of all, you need to resort to the following procedures:

  1. Inspect the damage and assess its severity.
  2. Carefully examine the bruised area to make sure there is no other damage.
  3. It is also important to check how well the limb is functioning and call a doctor immediately if there is a leg or toe disability, bone deformity that could cause joint immobility;
  4. Apply something cold through a layer of fabric.Compress will help relieve pain and constrict blood vessels.
  5. Treat the wound. If the bruise is accompanied by scratches and similar wounds, you need to rinse and disinfect them with any antiseptic, except iodine.
  6. Apply a bandage. This can be a lifesaving precaution, as sometimes it is necessary to keep the joint still to avoid complications;
  7. Raise the foot. This is necessary to avoid impaired circulation.
  8. Apply anesthetic ointment or medication.But remember that aspirin should not be taken because it increases blood flow.
  9. Take care of the damaged nail. If the integrity of the nail plate has been compromised, then an adhesive plaster should be used or a pressure bandage should be applied.
  10. Ensure complete rest of the injured limb.

Timely help can protect even a bruised big toe, the treatment of which is complex due to its structure, which differs from other toes.

Methods for treating a bruise: contacting a traumatologist in a timely manner

If the pain does not stop for a long time, the edema does not subside and the hematoma increases, an urgent need to consult a doctor. Remember: if a bruised toe crunches, it means that the bone of the toe is deformed, which may indicate a fracture. In this case, the doctor’s help should be urgent. He will make an accurate diagnosis and determine the method of treatment.

Methods for treating bruises are as follows:

  • with the help of ointments and various external preparations containing ibuprofen and other similar components that help relieve inflammation and edema – medication;
  • treatment with special devices, the use of magnetotherapy and electrophoresis – physiotherapy method;
  • A method of surgical intervention used for sufficiently severe injuries and in combination with other injuries.

It is up to the physician to decide how to treat the injury, because once a diagnosis is made, he can prescribe the most appropriate method of treatment for the fastest recovery of the finger.

Injury prevention

Preventive measures in case of bruises are a relative term. No one can completely protect themselves from domestic and sports injuries.

But there are some tips that will help strengthen the body as a whole and provide a lower risk of injury:

  1. Charge.Exercise strengthens muscles and keeps the whole body toned
  2. Eat more healthy foods. Especially those that contain calcium, beta-carotene, vitamins B, C, chlorophyll
  3. Be careful at home and at work, on the street and even in the cinema, theater, etc. You can get a bruise anywhere and with anything.
  4. Exercise caution during bad weather.

The main preventive measure for bruises is attentiveness and strengthening of the body.Although bruises are considered minor injuries, the consequences can be dire.

Learn to identify their symptoms, provide first aid and do not delay going to the doctor, because timely treatment of a bruise will help protect you from possible complications.

How to treat bruises at home – on video: