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Scalp eczema

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Types of eczema that affect the scalp

How is scalp eczema treated?

Washing the hair


The scalp is an area of the body that can be affected by several types of eczema. The scalp may be dry, itchy and scaly in a chronic phase and inflamed (red), weepy and painful in an acute (eczema flare) phase.

Aside from eczema, there are a number of reasons why the scalp can become dry and itchy (e.g. psoriasis, fungal infection, ringworm, head lice etc.), so it is wise to get a firm diagnosis if there is uncertainty.

Types of eczema that affect the scalp

Seborrhoeic eczema (dermatitis) is one of the most common types of eczema seen on the scalp and hairline. It can affect babies (cradle cap), children and adults. The skin appears red and scaly and there is often dandruff as well, which can vary in severity. There may also be a rash on other parts of the face, such as around the eyebrows, eyelids and sides of the nose. Seborrhoeic eczema can become infected. See the National Eczema Society factsheets on Adult seborrhoeic dermatitis and Infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis and cradle cap for more details.

Atopic eczema is another common type of eczema that can affect the scalp at all ages. The skin is red, dry and itchy and can easily become infected, especially if scratched and when there is broken skin.

Allergic contact dermatitis can develop as a result of your body reacting to a particular substance to which you are allergic. Everyday items that can cause allergic contact dermatitis on the scalp include the following:

  • Hair shampoos, conditioners, gels, sprays and other hair products
  • Hair dyes, perm solutions
  • Bathing caps, hair nets – especially those containing rubber
  • Hair clips and headgear – especially those containing rubber or nickel.

See the National Eczema Society booklet on Contact dermatitis for more details.

Irritant contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that occurs when the skin’s surface is irritated by a substance that causes the skin to become dry, red and itchy. For example, shampoos, mousses, hair gels, hair spray, perm solution and fragrance can all cause irritant contact dermatitis. See the National Eczema Society booklet on Contact dermatitis for more details.

How is scalp eczema treated?

Treatment of scalp eczema will depend on the type diagnosed by your doctor. Below are possible treatments that may be prescribed:

Moisturising the scalp

The skin on the scalp requires moisturising just like the body, but it can be difficult to get beyond the hair to the scalp. Moisturising creams or spray-on oils can be applied to the scalp by parting the hair and massaging them into the skin (ointments are not suitable as they are grease-based and difficult to wash out). Medical emollients in lotion, gel and spray-on oil forms, for example, Diprobase® lotion, Doublebase® gel, and the spray-on oil Emollin®, may be suitable. Coconut oil is another option, which, like emollient creams, can be bought in pharmacies. It comes as a solid form that melts at skin temperature. Olive oil is no longer recommended as it has been found to damage the skin barrier; as an alternative, non-fragranced mineral oil (baby oil) is recommended.

People often prefer to moisturise the scalp in the evening, using a cotton turban or shower cap to keep the moisturising cream or oil in overnight, and then rinse the product out (see section below on washing hair) in the morning. If the scalp is very scaly, a salicylic acid and tar preparation (for example, Cocois® or Sebco®) can also be applied in the same way and left in place for at least 4 hours, but an overnight application is more effective. These scalp treatments are messy, so make sure you use an old pillowcase! In the morning, simply shampoo out the treatment.

Treating flares

In the acute phase of scalp eczema (i.e. when the eczema flares) the treatment is similar to treatment for other body areas. Try to treat the scalp and not the hair – part the hair and massage treatments onto the scalp.

Topical steroids designed for use on the scalp can be prescribed. Some have an alcohol base, which can cause stinging, so a lotion, mousse or gel preparation may be a more comfortable option – for example, Elocon lotion® or Bettamousse® or Synalar® gel (although these might be too potent for a young child, in which case a mild topical steroid cream, such as 1% Hydrocortisone, would be prescribed. For older children, a moderate topical steroid such as Eumovate, may be prescribed for a short treatment burst). It is important to use topical steroids for a prescribed treatment course – usually 2 weeks. For more information, see the National Eczema Society factsheet on Topical steroids.

If scalp eczema extends onto the hairline and face, different strengths of topical steroids will be required, as less potent topical steroids are advised for the face.

If the scalp is scaly and inflamed, topical steroids combined with salicylic acid can be helpful (for example, Diprosalic® scalp application). If scalp eczema is infected, oral antibiotics may need to be prescribed.

Please note: we are not recommending particular prescription-only topical steroids but rather giving examples.

Washing the hair

If you have dry, itchy skin and scalp eczema, normal shampoos containing detergents and fragrance are likely to irritate your scalp. Therefore, it is important that you either find a less irritant shampoo (e.g. E45 Dry Scalp Shampoo or Eucerin® DermoCapillaire Calming Urea Shampoo) or simply use water with the optional addition of bicarbonate of soda mixed into a thin paste or an emollient bath oil. Conditioners can also irritate the scalp, so are best avoided. Avoid all shampoos and hair products that are fragranced, as these will cause irritation and possibly allergy. Use hair dryers on cool settings; hot air will increase dryness and itching.

There are several medicated shampoos available for treating scalp problems, which may help in managing scalp eczema. However, these need to be selected carefully, and washed off thoroughly to avoid irritation. The following are examples: Dermax® Therapeutic Shampoo contains a mild antiseptic, benzalkonium chloride, and helps to reduce scale; T-Gel® is a gentle tar shampoo; Capasal® contains salicylic acid, coconut oil and tar, which may help a very scaly scalp.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis should be managed with shampoos especially designed to reduce the yeast element and flaking in seborrhoeic dermatitis of the scalp (for example, Ketoconazole® shampoo and shampoos containing selenium sulphide or zinc pyrithione). Anti-yeast shampoos should be used once a week as an ongoing preventative measure for adult seborrhoeic dermatitis. It is neither necessary nor advisable to use anti-yeast shampoos for other types of eczema.

To obtain the information on this page in a PDF format, please download our Scalp eczema factsheet, below. For more information on haircare and eczema, please see the article from our magazine, Exchange, ‘Haircare and eczema’ (June 2018), below.

Related Documents

How To Treat Eczema Hair Loss

More than 30 million people in the United States alone suffer from the itchy skin condition known as eczema. Characterized by rough, red, and dry patches of skin, the chronic skin disease mainly affects the hands, elbows, upper chest, and knees. That being said, it can develop anywhere on the body – including the scalp. In this post, we’ll discuss scalp eczema in more detail and explain how it’s related to eczema hair loss.

Please keep in mind that although what we discuss in this post can relieve eczema, we are in no way medical professionals. If you’re experiencing severe eczema symptoms like an infection, it is best to seek medical advice immediately.

What is Scalp Eczema?

The most common type of scalp eczema is known as seborrheic dermatitis. It appears as patches of red and flaky skin on the scalp. It can also cause the skin to appear greasy or waxy, and is often associated with dandruff. In addition to inflammation, the scalp may also be itchy and dry.

Scalp Eczema Hair Loss

Healthy hair begins with a healthy scalp. Unfortunately, the inflammation associated with scalp eczema can make it difficult for new hair to grow. If itchiness causes a person to scratch or pick at their scalp, damage to the hair follicles can occur. Scratching can also lead to more inflammation and hair breakage. This can lead to hair loss or even bald patches. Thankfully, hair loss is usually just temporary. Hair is likely to grow back once the condition improves.

What Triggers Scalp Eczema Hair Loss

Like all types of eczema, the exact cause of the condition is unknown but symptoms are believed to be triggered by a variety of factors. Some of the top culprits include:

  • Cold weather
  • Stress
  • Sweat
  • Chemicals in shampoos or soaps
  • Exposure to allergens like pet fur or fabric irritants

The Best Eczema Hair Loss Treatment

There is currently no cure for scalp eczema but there are ways to manage and control symptoms to prevent hair loss.

Protect your Head: Free of synthetic materials like polyester, nylon and nickel, this Remedywear™ balaclava for adults and kids protects the skin from unintentional scratching all day or night. Soft and comfortable, this is the perfect treatment for scalp eczema in babies, kids, and adults.

Control the Itch: Our Organic Aloe Vera for Eczema Skin Soothing Spray provides soothing relief for itchy skin anywhere on the body. In fact, its non-greasy formula makes it perfect for use on the scalp. Store in the refrigerator between uses for an extra-cool treat. 

Try a Natural Shampoo: This super-fatted liquid soap by Emily Skin Soothers was specially formulated for eczema using the principles of Chinese medicine. With no added color or fragrance, it’s gentle and effective for babies and adults alike. Feel free to use it as a natural body wash or as a shampoo for eczema of the scalp or seborrheic dermatitis.

Wear a Hat: This Remedywear™ hat for adults and kids is made with eco-friendly TENCEL and embedded with anti-inflammatory zinc fibers to soothe itchy skin. It’s perfect for wearing as an overnight treatment to protect the scalp from relentless scratching. The stretchy straps ensure a snug fit and the moisture-wicking sweat control makes it comfortable to wear all night long.


https://www. everydayhealth.com/eczema/guide/scalp-eczema/





Bio: Laura is a contributor and content developer for The Eczema Company. She is in no way a medical professional. Her comments, suggestions, and reflections are not intended to replace any medical advice. Always seek the help of a medical professional before undertaking any diet or lifestyle changes.

Eczema & Other Skin Conditions and Hair Loss

The health of your skin is linked to the health of your hair. Different skin conditions such as eczema and seborrheic dermatitis can impact your scalp’s health. It’s not all that uncommon either; up to 5% of the population suffers from scalp eczema.

While finding dandruff on your scalp doesn’t mean you’ll start losing your hair, it’s still important to keep on top of your scalp and overall skin health. You’ll want to know what to do if you discover a skin condition and how to approach hair retention or regrowth depending on the severity.

Does Scalp Eczema Cause Hair Loss?

Eczema, the most common form of which is known as atopic dermatitis, causes a rash break out which leads to itchiness. Excessive scratching can lead to temporary hair loss caused by damaging your hair follicles.

Another kind of eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, creates flakey, greasy skin on your scalp often resulting in dandruff. Much like atopic dermatitis, temporary hair loss can occur through excessive scratching. However, one of the symptoms related to seborrheic dermatitis is the over secretion of sebum, which is an oil that your body produces that can then cause an overproduction of a natural yeast known as Malassezia. An excess of Malassezia on your skin can cause inflammation that is capable of preventing hair from growing nearby.

How Can I Treat Eczema & Will My Hair Grow Back After?

Atopic dermatitis is more easily treated and has quite a few treatment options. The many over-the-counter treatments include lotions, ointments, and shampoos. In more serious cases you may need topical steroids and potentially steroid injections. You likely won’t have any permanent hair damage from this, especially if you don’t scratch your head.

Seborrheic dermatitis may be a different story. If untreated, the hair loss caused by seborrheic dermatitis can be permanent. It may be possible to handle some cases of seborrheic dermatitis with over the counter shampoos and other home remedies, but if you are not seeing positive results in a timely manner you will want to consult a physician.

Consult with a Hair Restoration Doctor Today

Eczema affects everyone differently and by its very nature requires different approaches to deal with it properly. The best way to evaluate whether hair restoration procedures will work for you in this instance would be to consult a physician who specializes in hair restoration. Here at RHRLI, we offer free consultations in our state-of-the-art facilities located in Jericho, NY, and Manhattan using the ARTAS® robot. We can assess whether robotic hair restoration is the right treatment for you. Find out more by contacting us today.

Does Scalp Eczema Cause Hair Loss?


More than 30 million people in the U.S. suffer from eczema, the name for a group of conditions that cause skin to become irritated, inflamed, itchy and red. Seborrheic dermatitis is one of those conditions and typically results in a reddish-colored rash that’s oily in appearance and has yellow or white scales on the surface of the skin. When these common conditions occur on the scalp, they can look similar to dandruff and even cause temporary hair loss.

Symptoms of Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis often presents with scaly patches on the skin that appear greasy. The skin beneath the patches is red and the scales flake off, like the flaking experienced with dandruff. Some people may also have itching, which can be severe. In most cases, there are periods of time when the condition worsens (called exacerbations or flares) followed by periods of improvement (called remissions). Flares may be more frequent with high stress levels, hormonal changes, heavy alcohol use or when the air is cold and dry.

Treatment Options

While eczema has no cure, there are over-the-counter and prescription treatments available. Experts recommend managing the condition with regular shampooing and conditioning, consistent use of medications and avoiding triggers that cause eczema. Discuss your condition with a doctor to determine the best treatment option for you.

How Eczema and Seborrheic Dermatitis Can Cause Hair Loss

Healthy hair starts with a healthy scalp. With all forms of eczema on the scalp, including seborrheic dermatitis, it can be difficult for hair to grow where inflammation is present. In addition, picking and scratching the affected areas can lead to further inflammation and hair breakage. Frequent scratching can also cause bleeding and damage your hair follicles.

If you have eczema or seborrheic dermatitis on your scalp, any hair loss or bald patches will likely be temporary and hair should grow back once the condition clears.

What to Do About Hair Loss

No matter how much or how little hair you’ve lost, you have options. You don’t have to live with thinning hair or bald patches. At Hair Club, we understand that it’s about more than just your hair. It’s about matching your outside to who you are inside. That’s why we offer a comprehensive suite of proven solutions that can help men and women of any age with any level of hair loss.

Schedule a complimentary consultation

with one of our trained experts today. You’ll learn about your level of hair loss, the condition of your scalp and which solution can give you the results you want.

Signs and symptoms of skin inflammation

Flaky scalp, itchiness and painful patches can all be signs of scalp dermatitis, an inflammation of the scalp that can have as many causes as it does symptoms.

In most cases, it’s not a serious condition and can be treated with over-the-counter medications or topical treatments. When it’s persistent, it can signal other conditions.

Three dermatologists shared their advice about scalp dermatitis with TODAY.

What is scalp dermatitis?

Scalp dermatitis is a wide-ranging condition, according to Dr. Shani Francis, a board-certified dermatologist who specializes in hair loss.

“Scalp dermatitis is a very broad condition, and it has several diagnoses that are very common, and some rare diagnoses,” Francis said.

There are multiple types of scalp dermatitis, each with a different cause. Getty Images stock

There are several different kinds of dermatitis, each caused by different factors and requiring different treatments. Seborrheic dermatitis can cause scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff, while contact dermatitis typically occurs in a particular area, in response to an allergen or irritant. Other, less common types of scalp dermatitis can be caused by infections or even internal illnesses like cancer, according to Francis.

“Dermatitis is something you shouldn’t blow off,” Francis said. “It’s usually something that could be harmless, but there are also rare things that can present on the scalp that definitely need to be diagnosed by a board-certified dermatologist.”


What are the signs of scalp dermatitis?

Scalp inflammation might also be called scalp eczema and typically presents similarly to eczema on other parts of the body, Dr. Debra Wattenberg, who specializes in cosmetic dermatology, told TODAY.

“At the end of the day, the symptoms are almost identical to eczema,” she explained. “You can have itchiness and dryness, and those who are prone to atopic dermatitis (eczema) can be more itchy on the scalp than those who aren’t.

Itchiness and flakiness are just a few of the symptoms of scalp dermatitis. Getty Images stock

“Dermatitis refers to just inflammation of the skin,” said Francis. “Anytime there’s a rash or symptoms like itching or pain or tenderness, that really signifies that there is some kind of inflammation. You can also see redness or flakes. Any kind of flaking of the skin means the skin is shedding off. These symptoms basically define scalp dermatitis.”


What can be done to treat scalp dermatitis at home?

For many, home remedies might be the first step towards treating scalp dermatitis. According to Dr. Hooman Khorasani, the chief of the division of dermatologic and cosmetic surgery at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, the most common over-the-counter solution is a shampoo with selenium sulfide, a medication that can treat dandruff and some scalp infections. The medication can be found in shampoos like Head & Shoulders, Selsun Blue and others.

“The important thing that people need to know is that you have to leave the shampoo on for usually five or six minutes so it actually works,” Khorasani said. “Especially when you have dermatitis, there’s a thick layer of dead skin, and it’s hard for the medications to kind of penetrate that layer… Anything with selenium sulfide has the ability to take care of it, but the key is to leave it for at least five minutes before rinsing it off.”

Natural remedies like tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar can be used to treat scalp dermatitis, Wattenberg said. Francis added there are also herbal treatments available for those looking to avoid traditional medication. Depending on the type of scalp dermatitis, these topical remedies may not eliminate the root cause.


When should one seek medical attention?

All three agreed that if symptoms did not lessen after two weeks of over-the-counter treatment, patients should seek professional care. Francis also added that extreme symptoms, like bleeding, pain or hair loss, should be brought to a dermatologist as soon as possible.

Either a primary care physician or a dermatologist can give an initial assessment, but it’s likely that persistent cases will require attention from a dermatologist.

“If you’re not getting better, or it just doesn’t feel right, you should go to a dermatologist,” Francis said. “We have a wide range of options available to treat inflammatory conditions of the scalp.”

Prescription options include antibiotics, topical steroids, non-steroidal topical treatments and injectable drugs.

Kerry Breen is a reporter and associate editor for TODAY.com, where she reports on health news, pop culture and more. She holds a master’s degree in journalism from New York University. 

Seborrheic Dermatitis | Johns Hopkins Medicine

What is seborrheic dermatitis?

Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the upper layers of skin, characterized by red, itchy skin that sheds scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may be a hereditary condition. It is often aggravated by hormonal changes and cold weather conditions.

Seborrheic dermatitis is most common during:

  • Infancy. In infants, the condition is also called cradle cap, because of its characteristic scaly appearance on the scalp. However, cradle cap can also happen in the diaper area. Seborrheic dermatitis in this age group usually clears up on its own within the first year.

  • Middle age. When seborrheic dermatitis happens at this age, the condition is usually more intermittent and called dandruff.

  • Old age. When seborrheic dermatitis happens at this age, the condition is usually more intermittent. It becomes less common after 60 years of age.

People with oily skin or hair are also more at risk for developing seborrheic dermatitis.

What are the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis?

The following are some of the other symptoms associated with seborrheic dermatitis. However, each person may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Itching scalp

  • Dry or greasy scales on the scalp

  • A yellow or red scaly rash along the hairline, behind the ears, in the ear canal, on the eyebrows, around the nose, in creases on the arms, legs, or groin, and/or on the chest.

The symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis may resemble other skin conditions. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is seborrheic dermatitis diagnosed?

A complete medical history and physical exam helps the healthcare provider in diagnosing seborrheic dermatitis.

Treatment for seborrheic dermatitis

Specific treatment for seborrheic dermatitis will be discussed with you by your healthcare provider based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the condition

  • Your tolerance for specific medicines, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the condition

  • Your opinion or preference

Although the condition responds to treatment, it may happen again. Treatment depends on the inflammation’s location. It is usually effective in relieving symptoms. Treatments may include:

  • Antiinflammatory creams or lotions, such as corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors 

  • Antifungal topicals

  • Over-the-counter dandruff shampoos 

  • Medicated shampoo for adults, as prescribed by your healthcare provider

Eczema drug restores hair growth in patient with longstanding alopecia — ScienceDaily

Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) physicians are reporting an unexpected side-effect from treatment with dupilumab, which is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe eczema, also called atopic dermatitis. In their case report published in JAMA Dermatology, the physicians describe how their 13-year-old patient, who has alopecia totalis — a total lack of scalp hair — along with eczema, experienced significant hair regrowth while being treated with dupilumab, a drug marketed under the brand name Dupixent.

“We were quite surprised since this patient hadn’t grown scalp hair since the age of 2, and other treatments that can help with hair loss did not in her case,” says Maryanne Makredes Senna, MD, of the MGH Department of Dermatology, senior author of the JAMA Dermatology report. “As far as we know, this is the first report of hair regrowth with dupilumab in a patient with any degree of alopecia areata.”

In addition to longstanding alopecia, this patient had experienced extensive, treatment-resistant eczema since the age of 7 months. Treatment with prednisone and methotrexate, medications that can suppress the overactive immune system, led to limited improvement in the patient’s eczema but no hair regrowth and was therefore discontinued. In July 2017 she began to be treated with weekly injections of dupilumab, which had recently received FDA approval. After six weeks of treatment, which led to significant improvement in eczema symptoms, she also noticed that fine light hairs called vellus hairs were appearing on her scalp.

After seven months of dupilumab treatment, the patient had grown a significant amount of the pigmented hair that typically grows on the scalp. Because of a change in her insurance coverage, she had to discontinue dupilumab for a two-month period, during which she noticed shedding of the recently regrown hair. But after she could resume treatment in April 2018, the hair growth resumed and has continued.

Senna explains that dupilumab’s mechanism of targeting a key immune system pathway known to be overactive in eczema could explain its action against alopecia, since recent studies have suggested other elements of the same pathway may induce autoimmune hair loss. “Right now, it’s hard to know whether dupilumab could induce hair growth in other alopecia patients, but I suspect it may be helpful in patients with extensive active eczema and active alopecia areata,” she says. “We’ve submitted a proposal for a clinical trial using dupilumab in this patient population and hope to be able to investigate it further in the near future.” Senna is the principal investigator of the Hair Academic Innovative Research (HAIR) clinical research unit at MGH and an instructor in Dermatology at Harvard Medical School.

Story Source:

Materials provided by Massachusetts General Hospital. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

90,000 diagnostics and treatment at affordable prices in Chelyabinsk

Eczema is one of the unpleasant allergic inflammatory skin diseases. It is chronic and characterized by frequent exacerbations, in which redness, skin thickening, blisters and weeping erosions appear on the skin. The patient experiences itching and burning. Often, a secondary purulent infection joins eczema. Eczema is especially dangerous for children. In advanced cases, against the background of eczema, neuroses often occur.

What is this eczema?

There are several types of eczema .

Among them:
1. True eczema. This disease is manifested by inflammation in open areas of the skin. Small formations appear in the focus.

2. Microbial eczema. This pathology occurs against the background of a fungal infection, varicose veins or permanent skin injuries. The lesions are located mainly on the legs.The borders of the spots are uneven and have an ugly tint.

3. Seborrheic eczema. This disease is characterized by the appearance of lesions on the scalp, on the face, near the navel, behind the ears. The lesions have smooth and clear edges, look like scaly specks with a rash.

4. Professional eczema. This pathology is allergic. It is usually triggered by dust, too dry or humid air, exposure to chemicals, etc.etc.

Can we forget about eczema?

Undoubtedly! Modern techniques allow for effective and safe treatment of eczema. Our specialists will prescribe drugs that effectively reduce inflammation on the skin, itching, and stimulate cell regeneration. This will allow you to cope with the pathology.

In addition, during the treatment of occupational eczema and other forms of it, it is recommended:
• minimize contact with allergens;
• undergo therapy for concomitant diseases;
• reduce psychological stress;
• to carry out the prevention of fungal and microbial infections.

Do you dream to forget about eczema forever? Call: 8 (351) 265-55-15. We will schedule an appointment with an experienced doctor who will help fix the problem.


Andrologist-urologist, dermatovenerologist. Doctor of the Highest category

Admission cost – 1200

Cost of services

Immunoglobulin E, total (Ig E) 300 p.
Regional administration of glucocorticosteroids to the affected area, 8 injections 2400 p.
Regional administration of glucocorticosteroids to the affected area, 4-8 injections 1200 p.
Regional administration of glucocorticosteroids into the affected area, up to 4 injections 800 p.
Regional administration of glucocorticosteroids to the affected area, 4 limbs 2000 p.
Regional administration of glucocorticosteroids into the affected area, 2 limbs 1400 p.
Regional administration of glucocorticosteroids to the affected area, 1 limb 990 p.
Microscopy of skin scrapings 250 p.
General urinalysis 200 p.
Syphilis IgG + IgM (total antibodies) (ELISA) 280 p.
Hepatitis C (antibodies to HCV), ELISA 300 p.
Hepatitis B HBsAg (superficial AH) ELISA 300 p.
HIV (antigen + antibodies), ELISA 320 p.
Glucose (in blood) 130 p.
ALT (alanine aminotransferase) 120 p.
AST (aspartate aminotransferase) 120 p.
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Bilirubin (total and direct) 150 p.
General blood test with leukocyte formula (UAC with leukoformula) 180 p.

90,000 Eczema – Symptoms, Treatment – AMK Medical Guide

Eczema is a non-infectious skin disease characterized by inflammation. This is a common pathology that accounts for almost half of all skin diseases. A characteristic feature of the disease is its frequent recurrence.

Eczema usually starts in the head and face and gradually descends to the legs.

Types of eczema

Idiopathic (true) eczema

This type of disease is manifested by erythema – redness of the skin. Sometimes it is accompanied by swelling and severe itching. Often, such a reaction occurs when changing shower gel or washing powder.

On contact with an irritant, itching intensifies, and the person begins to scratch the irritation. An infection gets into the formed microcracks and a rash with small bubbles with liquid appears. When opened, they form oozing areas. Further, they become covered with crusts, age spots and peeling. The crusts are gray-yellow in color and are periodically replaced by the appearance of new wet spots. This stratum corneum sometimes itches very much, preventing the patient from sleeping peacefully.

Mycotic eczema

This type of disease is an external manifestation of allergy to fungal skin lesions.It manifests itself as a classic form of eczema – rashes on the skin, the appearance of bubbles, areas of wet lesions and the formation of crusts.

A distinctive feature of mycotic eczema is the clear boundaries of the affected areas.

Microbial eczema

The development of this disease is caused by staphylococcal or streptococcal infections, and a weakened immune system acts as a trigger. Most often, eczema of a microbial nature is formed in places of damage to the skin.

A characteristic feature of this type of disease is the rapid deterioration of the situation. Wet areas of damaged skin become dense and may suppurate. Gradually, the disease covers healthy skin.

This type of eczema has its own varieties:

  • Plaque form has pronounced foci of inflammation measuring 1-3 centimeters in diameter. When injured, they begin to fester and the symptoms of pathology intensify.
  • Paratraumatic form is formed at the site of wound infection. Most often it occurs with insufficient treatment of the injury site with antiseptics.
  • Varicose eczema occurs only on the legs at the site of varicose veins and ulcers. Most often, the disease is caused by injuries, rubbing of the skin with bandages, increased sensitivity to drugs.

Seborrheic eczema

This type of disease develops in areas covered with hair.It is often accompanied by dandruff. It is characterized by the appearance of oily, rough spots with papules on the skin.

Dyshidrotic eczema

Usually localized on the soles of the feet or palms. It is characterized by the appearance of small bubbles, which, bursting, form purulent crusts.

Occupational eczema

This type of pathology is formed in people who, by virtue of their profession, have contact with allergens.These are usually chemicals or drugs. A change of place of work helps to avoid exacerbations.

Eczema of children

This condition usually affects the child’s upper torso and then spreads to the arms and lower limbs. Its cause most often becomes an unformed and unstable immunity. Sometimes the tendency to skin diseases is inherited or is the result of a difficult pregnancy. The symptomatology of the disease is very similar to that of adult pathology.

Stages of development of eczema

Skin disease has four stages of development with characteristic features:

1 initial stage – manifested by reddening of the skin and the appearance of severe itching.

2 subacute stage – manifested by the formation of bubbles with liquid on the skin.

3 acute stage – manifested by the formation of serous wet areas in the place of burst vesicles;

4 chronic stage – manifested by the formation of crusts and the appearance of new lesions on healthy skin.

Causes of eczema

  • Failure of the immune system.
  • Bad heredity.
  • Allergy predisposition.
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals.
  • Lack of saturated fatty acids.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The presence of foci of chronic diseases.
  • Instability of the nervous system, frequent stress.
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Harmful working conditions.
  • Defeat with worms.

Diagnosis of eczema

For the correct diagnosis, a dermatologist’s consultation is necessary. The doctor conducts a thorough examination of the skin and determines the type of skin lesion. To clarify the diagnosis, a specialist can prescribe allergy tests, as well as an examination of the state of immunity. You may need to visit a consultation with an allergist, immunologist and gastroenterologist.

In addition, a dermatologist may prescribe a microscopic examination for the presence of mycosis (fungal infection), scabies mites, trichophytosis and other diseases.

Eczema treatment

The algorithm for treating eczema includes several points:

  • comprehensive examination to identify the cause of the pathology;
  • local treatment with creams and ointments, aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease;
  • general drug treatment aimed at eliminating the cause of the pathology;
  • elimination of all possible irritating factors;
  • creation of a hypoallergenic life;
  • prescribing a diet rich in vitamins and minerals;
  • recommend spa treatment and relaxation.

Prevention of eczema

In many cases, the development of the disease or its recurrence can be avoided by adhering to simple rules:

  • observe hygiene;
  • when buying cosmetics, take into account the characteristics of the body;
  • treat the presence of chronic diseases;
  • when skin pathologies appear, consult a dermatologist in time;
  • control your diet;
  • buy clothes only from natural materials;
  • lead a healthy lifestyle;
  • take measures to protect the skin from contact with chemicals.

See also:

Treatment of eczema: weeping, dry, dyshidrotic in the Vitamed medical center

With symptoms such as skin rashes, redness and itching, many are familiar with firsthand. If you are faced with similar syndromes, do not postpone your visit to the Vitamed Medical and Diagnostic Center in Voronezh. Here they will select for you an effective method of treating dry eczema, taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism.

Dermatological disease has an allergic origin and is characterized by profuse skin rash and itching.The disease does not threaten the patient’s life, however, ignoring the symptoms and the lack of medical procedures can cause the development of a purulent-inflammatory process. That is why, when the first signs are found, it is necessary to use medical help in order to immediately start treating eczema of the hands or other area of ​​the skin.

Therapeutic measures are prescribed based on the type and cause of the disease. Depending on the cause of the formation, the disease is divided into the following types:

  • Atopic.It occurs in patients who have a predisposition to allergic reactions. Treatment of eczema of the hands involves the elimination of the allergen and correction of nutrition. This type also includes a dyshidrotic type of the disease. It is manifested by the appearance of red plaques, which turn into bubbles with liquid. For the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema, antihistamines are prescribed.
  • Dyshidrotic. It is characterized by intolerable itching on the fingers and toes.
  • Idiopathic.The causes of its occurrence have not been studied, although there is a hypothesis that psycho-emotional overstrain, VSD, hereditary predisposition, etc., play a significant role in its formation, in this case, before treating eczema on the legs, it is recommended to eliminate other disorders in the body.
  • Varicose. The cause of the occurrence is associated with a violation of the blood supply to the lower extremities.
  • Microbial. It is localized in areas of the skin where the inflammatory process has developed for a long time.Treating eczema on the feet or hands involves eliminating the fungi and microbes that parasitize the dermis.
  • Mycotic. It occurs due to an atypical reaction of the body to the fungal microflora. The symptom is the covering of the skin with bubbles and pustules. Weeping eczema, which is treated with special antifungal drugs, also manifests itself as severe itching.

Symptoms and treatment of eczema on the hands

Symptoms of the disease can be quite extensive and manifest themselves in different ways depending on the stage of development.Common syndromes of the disease are:

  • redness;
  • appearance of rash and painful wounds;
  • itching;
  • peeling;
  • increased temperature during an exacerbation;

Before treating eczema on the hands, it is necessary to determine its type, taking into account the symptoms. So, microbial localization is around cracks, trophic ulcers and infected wounds. The process of development of the disease is characterized by burning and itching. Idiopathic, often chronic and accompanied by swelling of the skin and the formation of flaky crusts.

How to treat eczema

Eczema in the hands, treatment should be immediate, can occur in both adults and children. The therapy is carried out with the help of antibacterial and antifungal agents, antihistamines and sedatives, vitamins of groups B and C. In addition, it is recommended to adjust the lifestyle and diet. Physiotherapy will be an excellent solution in the treatment of eczema (photos of patients are presented on our website).

In their work, our specialists use innovative techniques and preparations, the quality of which has been proven by numerous scientific studies.If you are worried about eczema, treatment from the Vitamed center will quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms.

Types of dermatitis, causes and general symptoms

Our skin is an indicator of the general state of the body and well-being. Even the slightest manifestations, such as peeling or itching, rashes, wen and abscesses, are symptoms of metabolic or dietary disorders, overwork or nervous exhaustion.

The modern rhythm of life for most people is very busy and sooner or later we all are faced with the problem of all kinds of allergies – this is a number of inflammatory processes manifested on the skin and in the subcutaneous integument.

Major stimuli:

  • of a physical nature – can manifest itself under the influence of temperature (burns, frostbite) and light (solar energy, electric current, X-ray and radioactive irradiation) effects;
  • of a chemical nature – occurs after contact with the skin of caustic substances, acids and alkalis, products of any types of acids, as well as medical disinfectants, in a very high concentration.

Varieties of dermatological diseases

In medicine, more than a dozen varieties of this disease are distinguished, consider the most common forms of its manifestation. These include: contact, dry, atopic (or allergic, toxicoderma, eczema, urticaria), seborrheic dermatitis and the price of their treatment depends on the type of lesion.

Dry dermatitis

Symptoms of dry dermatitis appear only in the cold season, due to prolonged exposure to cold or, conversely, too dry air in a closed room.There is a decrease in immunity and a deterioration in the general condition of the body. A distinctive feature is the duration of the course and the seasonal manifestation of exacerbations.

Contact dermatitis

Focuses of simple contact dermatitis form at the site of exposure to the primary irritant. It is distinguished by the absence of manifestations of an acute reaction and the further spread of the inflammation process after the exclusion of the irritating element. For example, when they often wear clothes made of synthetic fabrics, to the fibers of which the body is highly sensitive.

Atopic dermatitis

Under atopic dermatitis, the doctors of the clinic mean a chronic, often hereditary allergic disease with recurrent periods and significant complications. In the first stages (in children from 3 months to 2 years old, and at 4-7 years old), the development of the disease manifests itself in the form of redness with abundant discharge and the formation of small bubbles. And in the last stages, pronounced dryness and pallor of the skin predominates.


Toxicoderma is accompanied by significant damage to the skin by toxic substances.It differs in that the allergen enters the body through the blood, respiratory organs and the oral cavity. This is a very serious and dangerous disease, and at the first manifestations (shortness of breath, swelling of the mucous membranes, pain in the stomach), you urgently need to contact a specialist who will professionally provide first aid. It is impossible to remove toxic substances from the body on your own.

Infection methods

Sometimes we ourselves, without noticing, expose ourselves to danger, without thinking about the consequences of allergic dermatitis when postponing a visit to the clinic. Ways of a person’s contact with allergens that can provoke the disease:

  • medication – manifests itself after the introduction of drugs into the body. For example, antibiotics, vitamins, analgesics, gamma globulins;
  • food – allergens enter our body along with food;
  • professional – observed in people who are constantly in contact with allergens, for example, in production with a high concentration of cobalt, nickel, chromium;
  • autointoxication – characterized by the accumulation of autoallergens, for example, in patients with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.


Eczema is also a chronic disease and manifests itself in the form of acute inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue under the influence of internal or external stimuli. Such an allergy is manifested by patches of dry flaky skin, cracks, redness, swelling and weeping lesions. In severe cases, even damage to the entire surface of the epithelium. Most often, workers in metallurgical plants, pharmaceutical and food industries are affected.

Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a disease caused by a certain fungus.Very often, the causes of its appearance are stressful conditions, hormonal disorders and diseases of the nervous system.

Dermatitis treatment

The best treatment for these diseases is prevention, that is, the prevention of exacerbations. Do not forget to visit a specialist dermatologist at least once a year and take the necessary tests. Lead a healthy lifestyle, eat right, and not overwork. If the place of work involves direct contact with toxic and chemical substances, it is important not to forget the safety rules, to protect the skin and respiratory tract from their effects.

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Treatment of eczema in St. Petersburg – Rossimed Clinic

An experienced dermatologist is attending the Rossimed clinic. We use modern diagnostic methods and effective treatments for skin diseases.

According to statistics, the majority of diseases in dermatology are caused by allergic reactions. Such a poorly studied pathology as eczema is no exception. It has many varieties and accounts for 35 to 40% of all visits to dermatologists.

To date, there is no exact data on the pathogenesis and etiology of the disease in question. However, it has been established that the formation of the inflammatory process that causes eczema is influenced by multiple internal and external factors.

What is eczema?

The disease in question gets its name from the Greek word eczeo, which translates as “boil”, because it is characterized by bursting bubbles that appear on the skin, which resembles the process of boiling water boiling.

Eczema, the symptoms of which are itching and skin rashes of various types and locations, are easier to treat in the early stages of development. Therefore, when the first signs appear, it is necessary to immediately visit a dermatologist, establish the cause and begin therapy.

Eczema is of polyetiological origin. Among the factors contributing to the occurrence, it is considered to be:

  • Genetic factor, in which there is a tendency to allergic reactions in the family history.
  • Endocrine disorders of the thyroid and adrenal glands.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Prolonged depression and frequent stress.
  • Unfavorable working conditions in which a person is exposed to harsh chemicals.
  • Insufficiency of blood supply to the lower extremities caused by varicose veins.

External irritants such as cosmetics, household chemicals, pollen and other typical allergens, skin infections through wounds, abrasions or cuts can act as a provoking factor.


Eczema proceeds in four stages, each of which is characterized by certain symptoms.

I – At the initial stage, skin inflammations are observed, which are accompanied by itching. It is called the erythrematous period.

II – Papulovesicular is characterized by the appearance of a rash in the form of vesicles with a transparent liquid filling.

III – a stage in which papules and vesicles rupture, and the skin in the affected areas begins to get wet, forming serous wells.

IV phase. Places where bubbles open, grayish-yellow crusts appear, and new lesions form in other areas of healthy skin, which spread throughout the body, covering an ever larger area.

By the nature of clinical manifestations and pathogenetic features, the disease can be divided into the following types.

  1. True eczema.

It spreads symmetrically and often affects the arms and legs, as well as various parts of the torso, where redness and inflammation first appear.Then, papules form in their middle part, which open, the exudate flows out, and after drying forms yellowish-grayish crusts. Later, they disappear, leaving areas of depigmented skin, the color of which is restored over time.

  1. Microbial eczema.

As the name implies, the pathogenic microflora (more often streptococcal and staphylococcal infections) acts as a provocateur of the disease, the ways of penetration of which are cuts, abrasions, cracks and other damage to the integrity of the skin.The affected areas are formed near trophic ulcers and after amputation of limbs in the stump area.

Localization and provoking reasons make it possible to distinguish between coin-like or nummular eczema with characteristic plaque formation on the upper parts of the trunk.

  1. Paratraumatic.

It develops near wounds into which the infection enters. The varicose form is distinguished by the localization of foci on the lower extremities. The causes are trophic ulcers, sclerosed skin structure, hypersensitivity, trauma, maceration caused by dressings.

  1. Seborrheic eczema.

Areas of the body with increased sebum secretion become the affected area. This is the scalp, face in the area of ​​the nasolabial triangle, ears, cheeks. In addition, it covers the area of ​​the chest and between the shoulder blades. It manifests itself as grayish-brown greasy spots and peeling. In the affected areas, there are well-aimed papules.

  1. Children’s.

The lesions appear on the head and face of an immunocompromised child. Meanwhile, the reasons are unfavorable heredity, insufficient hygiene, poor quality baby food for artificial feeding, as well as colds, tonsillitis, otitis media.

  1. Professional eczema.

Occurs in people working in close contact with chemically active substances. The affected areas are localized on parts of the body free from clothing. It is often enough to change the occupation for treatment.


Today, doctors distinguish various factors that trigger the development of eczema, which are grouped as follows:

  • Reduced immunity caused by frequent diseases, lack of vitamins, trace elements, deficiency of unsaturated fatty acids.
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Disorders of the liver and digestive system.
  • Stress and depression, leading to nervous exhaustion.
  • Allergies caused by contact with harsh chemicals, foodstuffs, medicines, dust, flowering plants.

The last two points, like occupational eczema, are more often the cause of the development of the disease in adults. Whereas for children, difficult childbirth and an unfavorable course of pregnancy become a provoking factor.

Symptoms of eczema

Each type of disease manifests itself in different ways, however, all are characterized by itching, burning sensation, swelling and redness of the skin with the further formation of papules, weeping areas that are covered with a crust.

  1. True eczema.

It proceeds in an acute form, passing through all stages. If untreated, it is transformed into a chronic disease with periods of remission and relapses of varying duration.

With direct and indirect contact with the allergen, sneezing, sore throat, discomfort in the nose and ears begin. Further, redness and itching appear on the body. In the affected areas, papules with liquid contents are formed, which flows out after the rupture of the bubbles, which leads to wetting of the surfaces. At the next stage, the areas affected by the rash are covered with a grayish-yellowish crust, which peels off, leaving behind light spots.

  1. Microbial form.

Proceeds with severe itching and is complicated by the formation of dense serous crusts, which are prone to suppuration.The causative agent is streptococci and staphylococci, as well as fungi. In the latter case, the disease becomes contagious.

  1. Dyshidrotic eczema.

Develops in areas with thickened epidermis, namely on the palms and feet. If untreated, it also spreads to the back of the limbs, to affect the nail plates and other areas.

  1. Tylotic (horny, callus-like) eczema.

Differs in the formation of hyperkeratosis, that is, seals of the epidermis. With this type of disease, bubbles are not formed, calluses appear instead of them, and in the later stages, cracks, which causes significant inconvenience to the patient. If seals are noted on the feet, then difficulties arise when walking, and on the palms they interfere with daily work.

  1. Symptoms of the seborrheic form.

They consist in the early appearance of oily red spots in places of abundant accumulation of sebaceous glands. For example, on the head, face, between the shoulder blades, on the chest.Hair becomes greasy and sticky, and there is a large amount of dandruff.

  1. Atopic (weeping).

It is characterized by different localization of affected areas, where bubbles with liquid contents burst, forming erosion. Unbearable itching leads to scratching, which becomes an open gateway for infections.

  1. Symptoms of dry eczema are similar to the acute form of eczematous dermatitis.

Differs in pronounced peeling, dry skin, inflammation and the appearance of papules with serous contents.

  1. Mycotic eczema.

It manifests itself as typical symptoms of the true form of the disease. The cause may be a fungal infection, such as ringworm, candidiasis, or other mycoses.

  1. Allergic.

It is of a serous nature, in which deep erosions form after the rupture of papules. The periods of exacerbation coincide with the cold season, since it is then that the immunity of patients decreases.

  1. Occupational or contact eczema.

More often accompanies people employed in pharmacological, food, chemical industries. At the initial stage, it affects only those parts of the body that are in contact with the stimulus, however, as the rash progresses, it spreads throughout the body.


The method of therapy is determined after a thorough examination of patients and anamnesis. Typically, characteristic symptoms make it possible to judge one form or another of eczema, however, a number of studies are assigned to confirm the diagnosis. Among them, an important place is given to determining the level of immunoglobulin type E, as well as clinical and biochemical blood tests. Sometimes it becomes necessary to set up tests to identify an allergen.

Based on the results of the research, a treatment method is selected, and recommendations are made about prevention, which consists in adhering to a hypoallergenic diet, using gentle hygiene products, and avoiding contact with irritating substances. In addition, patients are advised to lead a measured lifestyle to avoid stress and nervous strain.

Prices for services

Services Price
Reception (examination, consultation) of a dermatologist of the highest category / K.M.N. primary 1200
Appointment (examination, consultation) of a dermatologist of the highest category / Ph.D. repeated 1000
Taking a scraping 250
Appointment of individual complex treatment (without the cost of drugs) 1000
Puncture of earlobes with a pistol 800
Puncture of earlobes (cartilage, tragus) needle 1000
Navel piercing 1500
Lip piercing 1000
Eyebrow (or tongue) piercing 1500
Nipple piercing 2000
Nose piercing 2000
Sterile jewelry earrings 300
Instrumental diagnostics for mushrooms (VUDU lamp) 300
Dermatoscopy 200

Our doctors

9000 Dermatovenereologist.

Eczema: description of the disease, causes, symptoms, cost of treatment in Moscow

A dermatological disease characterized by the presence of skin rashes is eczema. Such rashes are papules that have serous contents, swell and itch. This disease has a dry and weeping form. Inflammation is allergic in nature, but the disease can appear due to prolonged contact of the skin with allergens, disturbed metabolic processes, and also if the nervous endocrine system has ceased to function normally.It follows that the treatment of eczema involves an integrated approach. The treatment regimen can only be prescribed by a doctor on an individual basis.

The disease can be acute or chronic. The periods of exacerbation are replaced by remission. The presence of skin rashes that provoke the onset of unpleasant sensations that can both spoil the patient’s appearance and harm the psychological state. Given that the disease is of a neuro-allergic nature, such a patient’s condition will aggravate pathological processes in the body, as a result of which the healing process will slow down.


With idiopathic eczema, spontaneous eruptions appear. In most cases, the provoking factor is contact with an allergen, a chemical aggressive substance. The idiopathic form of the disease is characterized by the presence of papules, which have serous contents, weeping erosion, crust, scales. It can be on the skin at the same time, which is a hallmark symptom of this form of the disease. Another feature is the presence of symmetry of the rash.If one hand is affected, then skin rashes will appear on the other hand. Idiopathic eczema worsens in the fall and winter.

Another type of eczema is infantile. This disease manifests itself in infants, characteristic signs first appear on the face, then on the neck, chest, limbs. Medical practice knows frequent cases when the disease appeared in children who are fed artificially, and not with breast milk. Also, children with a genetic predisposition to bronchial asthma and other atopic diseases are at risk.

The provoking factor in the occurrence of seborrheic eczema is a fungus. The localization of the damaging effect is the scalp. Also, this type of eczema affects the area of ​​the skin on which the sebaceous glands are located. These areas include the axillary region, face, scapula. A characteristic sign of seborrheic eczema is the presence of nodular eruptions that are flaky, crusty or scaly.

With atopic eczema, bubbles appear, the skin swells, and redness occurs upon contact with allergens.This form of the disease appears in those who are prone to an allergic reaction.

Another type is professional eczema. It manifests itself in those whose professional activities are associated with a chemical enterprise, as well as in people who regularly come into contact with dyes, household chemicals, formaldehyde. This disease initially affects the hands, which are exposed to a chemical irritant. Then the eczema will move to another area of ​​the body.

With varicose eczema, blood circulation is disturbed, the presence of venous stasis is observed, as a result of which the lower limbs are covered with a rash. In most cases, this type of eczema affects women over 45 years old, as well as those people who are diagnosed with cardiovascular pathology and overweight. Signs of varicose eczema include a darkened epidermis, the presence of red spots and irritation on the skin in the form of non-healing wounds.

The onset of microbial eczema is characterized by an inflammatory process caused by a microbial or fungal infection. The main focus of the disease is atrophic ulcers, fistulas, greenish or yellowish crusts are formed on them.If such crusts are damaged, a weeping surface will open, which is distinguished by a red color and growth from the periphery.

Another type of disease is dyshidrotic eczema. It appears when the sweat glands and neuroendocrine regulation cease to function normally. In most cases, the development of such a disease is observed when a person is diagnosed with hyperhidrosis of the palms and feet. The hands are initially affected, then the lateral surfaces of the fingers. The disease will spread to another area of ​​the body. The spontaneous onset of dyshidrotic eczema is observed after a severe stress state, overheating of the body.

What causes the disease

Since eczema is classified as an adiabatic disease, the exact cause of its development is not exactly known. But there are some predisposing factors. These include:

  • Disturbed digestion. This includes the presence of pancreatitis, flatulence, dysbiosis, hepatitis, constipation, diarrhea.

  • If the skin is regularly exposed to allergenic, synthetic and harsh chemicals. This includes acid, alcohol, phenol, petroleum products.

  • Kidney dysfunction, nephrosis.

  • Exposure to ultraviolet rays, hypothermia, overheating, other climatic changes.

  • Presence of a hereditary predisposition to atopic disease.

  • Angiovegetative neurosis.

  • If the skin, especially the peripheral nerves, are injured.

  • Neuroendocrine pathology.

  • Presence of an allergic reaction to a pharmaceutical product.

The presence of one or more of the above factors is the cause of skin hypersensitivity to physical, chemical and other irritants.

There are some pathological conditions that also cause eczema. Namely:

  • If polyunsaturated fatty acids are in insufficient quantities in the human body.

  • Renal failure.

  • Avitaminosis.

  • Worms.

  • The gallbladder has undergone an inflammatory disease.

  • Congenital or acquired disorders of the immune system.

In most cases, the onset of eczema occurs with no apparent external cause. This is due to the functional and metabolic relationship of the skin and internal organs. Toxins can enter the body with food. The elimination of such toxins occurs during bowel movement or with the help of the liver. In case of impaired functioning of this organ or other systems of the body, metabolites are excreted with the help of the skin. If the poison is regularly passed through the skin, the epithelium is destroyed, resulting in eczema.

How to treat

Eliminating eczema is a lengthy process. This is explained by the fact that the acute form is replaced by a chronic one, and a relapse or exacerbation may occur. Complex therapy is based on the individual characteristics of the patient, as well as on the age, the effect of previous treatment measures, and the type of disease.

The treatment prescribed by a qualified and experienced doctor can restore the normal function of the damaged organ, increase immunity, and enhance the body’s resistance to internal and external negative factors. Also, the patient is assigned to carry out medical procedures, with the help of which the sensitization of the body is reduced. These procedures include blood transfusion, hirudotherapy, autohemotherapy, etc.

With a severe form of the disease, the patient is prescribed plasmapheresis, hemosorption and enterosorption.With a strongly pronounced neurological component of eczema, the patient is prescribed the use of drugs with the help of which the disorder is corrected. This implies the use of Persen, Sedasen, Novopassit, Valerian, Phenazepam, Chlosepide.

The complex treatment of eczema includes the intake of enterosorbents. With the help of such drugs, intoxication of the body is reduced. Enterosorbents absorb and bind toxic substances. This means taking polysorb, multisorb, atoxil, enterosgel, polyphepan.The course of treatment lasts no more than 7 days.

If necessary, the patient is prescribed hormone therapy. It is forbidden to take hormonal drugs without first consulting a doctor. This can cause serious complications (the inflammatory process worsens, the immune defense decreases, and chronic diseases become aggravated). If the skin has undergone minor lesions, you can limit yourself to hormonal ointment and another local remedy. Generalized inflammatory process involves taking oral drugs for two weeks.This implies the use of dexamethasone, corticotropin, triamcinolone, prednisolone.

Any type of eczema is characterized by the intake of vitamins. With their help, the development of an allergic reaction is inhibited, the inflammatory process is reduced, the regenerative processes of the damaged area of ​​the skin are accelerated. In addition, with the help of an oil solution of vitamin e, an antioxidant effect can be achieved, and the absorption of fatty acids can be improved. Vitamin therapy includes taking folic, ascorbic, niacin.

The use of antihistamines is prescribed for any form of the disease. The acute stage of the disease is characterized by the administration of promethazine, chloropyramine, diphenhydramine. With a decrease in the inflammatory process and the transition of the disease to a less severe stage, such medicines are taken in tablets.

If eczema has become chronic, a patient whose immune system is impaired is prescribed immunomodulatory agents. The intake of immunomodulators should be monitored by the attending physician. Careful use of such drugs will save the patient from possible complications.

The treatment plan may include multiple types of physiotherapy. This includes the use of:

  • Paraffin applications.

  • Reflexology.

  • Laser correction.

  • Ozone therapy.

  • Mud baths.

  • Sunbathing.

  • Ultrasonic treatment.

  • Galvanized.

  • Diadynamic therapy.

  • Radon and mineral baths.

  • Aerotherapy.

  • Diphenhydramine inhalation.

Compliance with dietary nutrition is necessary for both therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. According to medical research, a direct link has been proven between the digestive system and the development of eczema. The patient is not recommended to eat fried, spicy, smoked, spicy foods. And also those dishes that contain a large amount of protein.In addition, it is necessary to exclude alcohol, chocolate, coffee, sausage, canned food. If you follow your diet conscientiously, you will notice that your eczema symptoms have significantly improved.

Dermatology, dermatovenerology – Federal State Budgetary Institution “NMITs TPM” of the Ministry of Health of Russia

Appointment (examination, consultation) at a dermatovenerologist, primary 1500
Appointment (examination, consultation) of a dermatovenerologist repeated 1000
Preventive appointment (examination, consultation) at a dermatovenerologist 500
Appointment (examination, consultation) at a dermatovenerologist (specialist in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases of the hair and scalp), primary 1500
Appointment (examination, consultation) of a dermatovenerologist (specialist in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases of the hair and scalp) repeated 1000
Appointment (examination, consultation) of a candidate of medical sciences, primary 2500
Appointment (examination, consultation) of the candidate of medical sciences, repeated 1500
Electrocoagulation of neoplasms less than 5 mm in size (1 element) 500
Electrocoagulation of neoplasms larger than 5 mm (1 element) 650
Electrocoagulation of whiteheads (1 element) 350
Cryodestruction of mollusc (1 element) 300
Removal of shellfish by coagulation for 1 unit 300
Aseptic dressing 200
Removal of keratomas, papillomas, warts with Lumstec photon coagulator up to 5 mm 600
Removal of keratomas, papillomas, warts with Lumstec photon coagulator more than 5 mm 700
Removal of contagious molluscs (per unit) 250
Removal of multiple papillomas (fibroepitheliomas) up to 5 units (per unit) 500
Removal of multiple papillomas (fibroepitheliomas) from 5 to 10 units (per unit) 400
Removal of multiple papillomas (fibroepitheliomas) more than 10 units (per unit) 300
Luminescent diagnostics (inspection under a Wood lamp) 500
Hair microscopy (trichometry) 700
Cryodestruction of the skin and its formations (cryodestruction of neoplasms less than 5 mm in size) 400
Cryodestruction of the skin and its formations (cryodestruction of neoplasms larger than 5 mm) 500
Phototrichometry 1000
Facial cleansing with an Oona spoon 1500
Removal of skin comedones 300
Removal of skin milia 300
Magnification of the skin (dermatoscopy) 600
Removal of telangiectasias more than 0. 5 cm (1 element) 700
Ozone therapy – 1 zone 700
Removal of skin neoplasms with liquid nitrogen from 1 to 3 pieces 2000
Removal of skin neoplasms with liquid nitrogen from 4 to 10 pieces 6000
Removal of skin neoplasms with liquid nitrogen more than 10 pieces 10000
Laser removal of common warts up to 0. 5 cm (1 element) 1300
Laser removal of common warts 0.6-1.0 cm (1 element) 1500
Laser removal of plantar warts up to 1.0 cm (1 element) 3000
Laser removal of conventional papillomas up to 0.3 cm (1 element) 800
Laser removal of conventional papillomas 0.4-0.6 cm (1 element) 1200
Laser removal of conventional papillomas 0. 7-1.0 cm (1 element) 1500
Laser removal of conventional papillomas over 1.0 cm (1 element) 1600
Laser removal of conventional papillomas on the genitals (1 element) 3000
Laser removal of common moles up to 0.5 cm 1600
Laser removal of common moles 0.6-1.0 cm 2000
Laser removal of common genital moles 3000
Laser removal of flat birthmarks 1 sq. cm 1250
Laser removal with 1st degree shank 6800
Laser removal with 2nd degree shank 9000
Laser removal of conventional keratomas up to 0.5 cm 1300
Laser removal of conventional keratomas 0.6-1.0 cm 1600
Laser removal of epidermal atheroma up to 1 cm 3150
Laser removal of epidermal atheroma 1-2 cm 3500
Laser removal of epidermal atheroma more than 2 cm 4300
Laser removal of benign skin lesions (cutaneous horn, dermatofibroma, fibropapilloma) up to 0. 5 cm (1 element) 1700
Laser removal of benign skin lesions (cutaneous horn, dermatofibroma, fibropapilloma) 0.6-1.0 cm (1 element) 2650
Laser removal of benign skin lesions (cutaneous horn, dermatofibroma, fibropapilloma) up to 1-2 cm (1 element) 3400
Laser removal of papilloma on the eyelids 1400
Laser cyst removal on the eyelids 1550
Laser scar resurfacing up to 1 cm 1800
Laser resurfacing of the scar 1-2 cm 3900
Laser scar resurfacing 2. 1-5 cm 6700
Laser resurfacing of scar more than 5 cm 15000
Laser removal of neoplasms up to 5 mm on the skin of the face 3000
Laser removal of neoplasms larger than 5 mm on the skin of the face 6000
Radio wave removal of benign neoplasms (nevus, dermatofibroma, cutaneous horn) – 1 element 1550
Radio wave removal of papilloma – 1 element 650
Radio wave wart removal – 1 element 700
Radio wave removal of keratoma – 1 element 600
Radio wave removal of telangiectasia – 1 element 650
Radio wave removal of corns (corn) – 1 element 1200
Radio wave removal of condyloma – 1 element 1100
Laser removal of spider veins, pigmentation (1 flash) 300
Laser removal of blood vessels, hemangiomas, etc. (1 flash) 300
Laser treatment of folliculitis (10×10 cm) (1 zone) 2000
Laser vessel removal 2800
Laser treatment of rosacea 4900
Laser removal of a single hemangioma up to 1.0 sq. cm 1500
Laser treatment of rosacea, rosacea – Forehead 2000
Laser treatment of rosacea, rosacea – Face 6000
Laser treatment of rosacea, rosacea – Nasolabial triangle 2800
Laser treatment for rosacea, rosacea – Chin 2000
Laser treatment of rosacea, rosacea – Cheeks 4000
Laser removal of spider veins on the body 2cm X 2cm 3000
Laser removal of spider veins on the body 1cm.

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