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Symptoms, Treatment, Care Tips, Prevention


What are corns and calluses?

Corns and calluses are a buildup of hard, thick areas of skin. Although these hardened areas of skin can form anywhere on your body, you’ll usually see them on your feet, hands or fingers.


Corns tend to be small and round. You are most likely to see corns on the tops or sides of your toes. There are several types of corns:

  • Hard corns: These are small, hard dense areas of skin usually within a larger area of thickened skin. Hard corns usually form on the top of toes – areas where there is bone pressure against the skin.
  • Soft corns: These corns are whitish/gray and have a softer, rubbery texture. Soft corns appear between the toes.
  • Seed corns: These corns are small and usually form on the bottom of feet.

Corns, typically small and round, form on top (hard corns), sides (soft corns) and bottom (seed corns) of your toes and foot.


Calluses are hard and thick patches of skin. Compared with corns, calluses are larger and have a more irregular (more spread out) shape. You are most likely to see calluses on the bottom of your foot on the bony areas that carry your weight – your heel, big toe, the ball of your foot and along the side of your foot. Some degree of callus formation on the bottom of your foot is normal.

Calluses are also often seen on hands. For instance, calluses form where there is repeated friction or rubbing– like on the tips of fingers of guitar players or the hands of gymnasts, weightlifters, or craftsmen.

Calluses form on the weight-bearing areas of your feet.

How do corns and calluses form?

Corns and calluses develop from repeated friction, rubbing or irritation and pressure on the skin. Corns and calluses typically form on the bony or prominent areas of feet. On the hands, they (more likely calluses) form on the areas where there is ongoing rubbing against the skin.

The hardened layers of skin of corns and calluses are actually your body’s way of protecting the underlying skin from the irritation and pressure.

Who is more likely to get corns or calluses?

You are more likely to develop corns or calluses if:

  • You already have medical conditions that change the normal alignment of the bones in your feet. For example, arthritis in your feet, bunions, bone spurs or hammertoes.
  • You have one or more of the causes of corns and calluses discussed in this article.
  • You walk without socks.
  • You wear shoes that are too narrow for your foot.
  • You smoke cigarettes.

Are corns and calluses painful?

Corns and calluses may or may not be painful. Some corns and calluses may not be painful when they first develop but then become painful over time as they thicken. The raised areas of skin – especially of corns – can be tender or sensitive to touch or pressure. Calluses tend to be less sensitive to touch than the normal skin around it. Sometimes cracks (called fissures) form in a callus. Fissures can be painful. If you had a corn or callus that becomes infected, you will likely feel pain or at least some discomfort.

What are the complications of having corns and calluses?

Untreated (or unsuccessfully) treated corns and calluses might grow larger in size until you fix what caused them to develop in the first place.

Corns or calluses can become infected. This can be painful and make walking difficult. You may need medical or even surgical treatment.

Symptoms and Causes

What are the most likely causes of corns and calluses?

Corns and calluses have many of the same causes. These include:

  • Shoes that don’t fit properly. This is the most common cause of corns on the top of the feet. Shoes that are too tight or have areas that rub against your skin cause shearing, friction and pressure. Women who frequently wear high-heeled shoes often develop calluses on the balls of their feet from the downward pressure on this area when walking.
  • Standing, walking or running for long periods of time.
  • Physical hobbies, sports activities or work/labor that put pressure on your feet.
  • Going barefoot.
  • Not wearing socks with footwear.
  • Having socks and/or shoe linings that slip and bunch up under your feet while in shoes.
  • Walking with improper posture – walking too heavily on the inner or outer edge of your foot.
  • Physical hobbies, sports activities or work/labor that cause repeated friction on an area of skin on your hands or fingers.
  • Structural foot deformities or altered biomechanics (hammertoes, tailor’s bunions, deformities from birth).

What are the most likely symptoms of corns and calluses?

Common symptoms include:

  • Hardened areas of skin where there is repeated friction or pressure on the skin (corns and calluses).
  • Small, round, raised bump of hardened skin surrounded by irritated skin (more likely to be a corn).
  • Thick, hardened, larger typically more flatten patch of skin (more likely to be callus).
  • Less sensitivity to touch than the surrounding skin (more likely to be callus).
  • Raised area of bump may be painful or cause discomfort (more likely to be corn).
  • Pain, redness, blisters.

Diagnosis and Tests

How are corns and calluses diagnosed?

It’s not difficult to diagnose corns and calluses. No tests are required. A simple visual exam of the skin is usually all that is needed. Your doctor may ask you questions about your job, how much walking and standing you do, and in what activities you participate. If your corn or callus is on your foot, your doctor may ask you to walk to check your posture and the way you walk, ask about your footwear and ask how you take care of your feet.

Management and Treatment

How are corns and calluses treated?

Treatment depends on your symptoms and what caused the corn or callus. For the typical corn or callus, removing the buildup of skin is an effective treatment. Follow these steps:

  1. Soak the area with the corn or callus (let’s use your foot as an example) in warm water until the skin softens – usually 5 to 10 minutes.
  2. Wet a pumice stone or emery board.
  3. While the skin on your foot is still soft, gently move the pumice stone or emery board across the corn or callus to remove dead tissue. Continue to file down the corn or callus, moving the stone or board in one direction. Be careful. Do not remove too much skin. This could lead to bleeding and an infection.
  4. Apply a moisturizing cream or lotion to the corn or callus and surrounding dead skin every day. Look for products that contain urea, salicylic acid, or ammonium lactate. These ingredients will soften the skin over time.

Other care tips include:

  • Surround your corn or callus with donut-style adhesive pads or make your own donut pad from mole skin. (The corn should be in the center hole area of the donut.) Mole skin padding and other corn and callus products can be purchased at your local drugstore. Padding helps protect the corn or callus from irritation and relieves pain and pressure.
  • Wear properly sized and shaped footwear. Wear shoes with increased width and height in the toe area. Consider buying footwear at the end of the day when your feet are slightly swollen.
  • Keep your toenails trimmed. Long toenails can make your toes push against the top of your shoe causing friction and increased pressure. Cut toenails straight across. Do not round the corners.
  • If your corns or calluses are painful, apply a cold pack to reduce the pain and swelling for no more than 10 to 20 minutes at a time.
  • Never try to cut out, shave away or remove corns or calluses with a sharp object.
  • Do not try to treat corns or calluses if you are a diabetic, have poor circulation, are prone to infections or have delicate skin. See your doctor.

Should I try over-the-counter medications to treat my corns or calluses?

Over-the-counter products used to dissolve corns and calluses contain harsh chemicals. If you aren’t precise in applying the chemical, it can injury the surrounding healthy skin. If you are diabetic, do not self treat. See your doctor due to the foot complications possible with diabetes.

Is surgery ever needed for corns and calluses?

Most corns and calluses can be managed by following the simple tips listed in this article – namely, avoid snug-fitting shoes and removing any corns or calluses with a pumice stone after soaking your feet in warm water.

Surgery may be considered if you have a structural deformity in your foot or toes that results in the repeated development of corns or calluses. In this case, your surgeon may need to remove or realign bone tissue. Other reasons for surgery are if the corns or calluses are extremely painful or if they prevent you from walking comfortably or normally.


Can corns and calluses be prevented?

Feet are an often overlooked part of the body until a problem develops. With a little bit of attention and care, most cases of corns or calluses can be prevented. Things to keep in mind include:

  • Wear shoes that are comfortable and fit well. Shoes should support your feet, be well-cushioned and have shock-absorbing soles. The toe area of shoes should have enough length and width so toes are not rubbing against the shoe or other toes. This would also mean avoiding high-heeled narrow-toed shoes that push the toes forward causing them to rub against the shoe or each other. Avoid hard-soled or leather-soled shoes unless they have enough padding (or you add padding) to cushion your feet.
  • Wear socks with your footwear. Make sure socks are snug enough that they don’t bunch up under your feet.
  • Use cushioned or padded insoles. If you have had corns or calluses in the past, you may want to ask your doctor about customized insoles. These inserts can even out weight-bearing forces on the bottom of your foot to prevent calluses from forming. Also use lamb’s wool (not cotton) between your toes to relieve friction and soften corns.
  • Wear gloves when you are doing manual labor or working with heavy or rough materials that can damage the skin on your hands or fingers.
  • Inspect your feet daily and keep them clean. Wash your feet in warm soapy water, dry them and apply a moisturizing foot cream. This helps keep your skin soft and supple.
  • Keep your toenails trimmed.
  • Don’t walk barefoot.
  • Apply a daily foot powder to keep your feet dry if you have sweaty feet.

Outlook / Prognosis

After corns and calluses are healed, do they come back?

Since corns and calluses are the result of friction, irritation or pressure against the skin, they can return at any time if the cause has not been fixed. In other words, if poorly-fitted shoes were the cause and you continue to wear these same shoes, the corns and calluses will likely return.

Fortunately, most corns and calluses can be successfully managed at home with a little care and attention. If at any time you are concerned about a growth on your foot, are unsure of what to do or how to treat, and especially if you are a diabetic, prone to infections, or have delicate skin, see your doctor. Your doctor is in the best position to examine your feet, ask about or test for other medical conditions you may have, treat your feet and tell you how to take care of them.

Living With

When should you see your doctor if you have corns or calluses?

See your doctor:

  • If you have diabetes. People with diabetes can have lack of feeling or peripheral neuropathy making it difficult to detect appropriate pain sensations. Persons with diabetes may have poor blood circulation in their legs and feet, which makes healing more difficult. Corns and calluses could even become infected.
  • If you have other underlying diseases or conditions that increase your risk of infection or if you have frail, delicate skin.
  • If home treatments do not work to manage your corns or calluses.
  • If you think you may have abnormal bone structure or alignment as the reason why corns and calluses have repeatedly formed.
  • If your corns or calluses are painful, the pain worsens, or you think the corn or callus has become infected. Signs of infection include redness, pain, swelling, oozing/pus from the corn or callus.
  • If your foot pain is intense or you have discomfort when walking and don’t know what might be causing it.

Hammertoes: Causes, Relief & Treatment


What are hammertoes? What do they look and feel like?

“Hammertoes” is a term for progressive symptoms and joint changes that involve one or more of your toes. A hammertoe is a joint on your toe that points up instead of lying flat. This deformity happens because muscles in your foot or leg get weak and the tendons to your toe pull abnormally. You might find that you also have a corn or callus on top of your deformed toe, which may be painful. Eventually, you may be unable to move the affected toe.

What’s the difference between mallet toes, hammertoes and clawtoes?

Each of your feet have 28 bones. Of your five toes, the first (or “big” toe) has two joints: the metatarsophalangeal joint and the interphalangeal joint. The other four have three joints: at the base of your toe is the metatarsophalangeal joint (the first joint), in the middle is the proximal interphalangeal joint (the second joint) and closest to the tip or toenail is the distal phalangeal joint (the third joint).

Hammertoes are sometimes mixed up with mallet toes and clawtoes. There are differences between them:

  • Clawtoes: The bend is in the first toe and second joints.
  • Hammertoes: The bend is in the second (or middle) toe joint.
  • Mallet toes: The bend is in the third toe joint.

What are the types of hammertoes?

There are three types of hammertoes:

  • Flexible hammertoes: A flexible hammertoe is still developing, so the affected toes are still able to move at the joint.
  • Semi-rigid: The hammertoe is starting to stiffen.
  • Rigid hammertoes: A rigid hammertoe can no longer move because the tendons and soft tissues have tightened.

Who is likely to get hammertoes?

Those who wear high heels and unsupportive shoes are more likely to develop hammertoes.

Do hammertoes hurt?

Trying to move the joint may cause pain and you might experience pain in the ball of your foot. Corns and calluses can also be uncomfortable.

Are hammertoes the same things as bunions?

No. A bunion is a bump that forms on the outside of your big toe.

Can hammertoes cause numbness?

No. There is no direct correlation.

Symptoms and Causes

What causes hammertoes?

Abnormal muscle balance in your toe can lead to increased pressure on the tendon and joints, which causes a hammertoe. Causes of that muscle imbalance include:

  • Genes: The foot type you’re born with may predispose you to develop this type of joint deformity. Flat, flexible feet can lead to hammertoes as the foot tries to stabilize against a flattening arch. Feet with high arches can also form hammertoes as the extensor tendons overpower the flexors.
  • Poor shoes: Too-narrow, ill-fitting shoes, such as high heels, have little to no arch support. High heels put severe pressure on the toes and their joints. That’s why more cases of hammertoes are found in women than men.
  • Neuromuscular disease: Neuromuscular diseases can contribute to the development of a hammertoe. People with diabetes can be at increased risk for complications. For them, a toe with a corn or other ulceration indicates there’s too much pressure on the toes. In people with diabetes who have poor blood flow or neuropathy, infected corns and lesions can lead to the loss of a toe or foot unless their shoes are modified.
  • Trauma: Rarely, trauma to your toe can result in a hammertoe.

What are the symptoms of hammertoes?

Symptoms of hammertoe include:

  • A joint in your toe that’s getting rigid.
  • Pain – usually at the top of your bent toe.
  • Pain in the ball of your foot.
  • Corns and calluses at the top of your joint.
  • Redness, inflammation, or a burning sensation.
  • Restricted or painful motion of your toe joint.
  • Swelling at your joint.
  • Open sores (rare).

What makes hammertoes worse?

Hammertoes can get progressively worse with time, especially with unsupportive shoes and tendon tightness.

Diagnosis and Tests

How are hammertoes diagnosed?

Your regular healthcare provider may recognize a hammertoe right away. He or she may also send you to a podiatrist, or a foot and ankle surgeon, for a precise diagnosis. That healthcare provider will do a physical examination including touching and moving your foot and toes to see how the joints react. Your toes may need to be X-rayed.

If you have diabetes, you may have to go through tests to figure out if there’s a neurological condition causing a tendon imbalance.

Management and Treatment

How are hammertoes treated? How are they corrected?

Treatments for hammertoes include the following:

  • Surgery: Your healthcare provider may recommend surgery if your pain is severe, your hammertoe interrupts your daily activities and/or non-surgical treatments haven’t helped. During the surgery, the surgeon may remove the bony prominence on your toe and align the joint, or insert a steel pin to correct your toe’s position.
  • Custom shoe inserts/orthotic devices: These can control how your foot functions.
  • Pain relief: Taking anti-inflammatory drugs or getting cortisone shots to alleviate your pain.
  • Taping your toes: This can change the muscle imbalance.
  • Insulating padding: Padding around the hammertoe can minimize pressure.

What are the risks of treatment?

Risks of surgery include:

  • Infection.
  • Bleeding.
  • Nerve injury.
  • Stiffness.

Is the surgery outpatient or inpatient?

Outpatient. You won’t spend the night in the hospital.

How long does it take to recover from surgery?

You may feel stiffness and see some swelling and redness for four to six weeks.

What should I do while I recover from surgery for hammertoes?

Don’t use your toes very much while they heal. Keep your foot elevated.


Can hammertoes be prevented? How can I reduce my risk?

  • Wear sensible shoes: If you don’t want to have surgery to fix your hammertoe, try non-medicated padding along with proper shoes made with a wider and deeper toebox to accommodate your foot’s shape. A shoe with good arch support can slow the progression of the condition.
  • Use a pumice stone: The corn or callus that forms on top of the hammertoe can cause discomfort when you wear shoes. Use a file or pumice stone after a warm bath to reduce the corn or callus’ size. Then, apply emollients to keep the area soft and pliable. Use silicone or moleskin padding on top of the area when wearing shoes.
  • Do foot exercises: Your podiatrist can suggest exercises for your toes to keep them supple and strengthen the muscles that move them. Extending, then curling the toes, splaying the toes and moving the toes individually may help prevent the contracture that causes hammertoe.

Have your healthcare provider refer you to a podiatrist (a doctor who specializes in feet) if you start to see or feel any trouble.

Outlook / Prognosis

Will hammertoes affect my walking? Running?

They can. The deformed joint and the corns or calluses can result in pain which limits your activity.

How long will I have hammertoes? Are they permanent?

Hammertoes can get progressively worse without treatment and, without treatment, they will always be there.

Can hammertoes just go away?

Hammertoes do not just fade away without treatment. See your healthcare provider as soon as you notice the symptoms.

Living With

How do I take care of my hammertoes? Are there any at-home treatments?

Although nothing should replace the expertise of a podiatrist, you can try the following to decrease discomfort:

  • Decrease pressure to the area by applying a commercial, non-medicated hammertoe pad.
  • Wear shoes with a deep toebox.
  • Avoid heels that are taller than two inches.
  • Apply an ice pack if there’s swelling.
  • Wear loose-fitting shoes.

What is it like living with hammertoes?

People with hammertoes struggle with walking and running. They get painful corns and calluses on their deformed toe.

How can I take care of my feet?

Take care of your feet by wearing shoes that are a half-inch longer than your longest toe. Avoid narrow and tight shoes, and especially high-heeled shoes.

When should I see my healthcare provider?

See your healthcare provider as soon as you notice the symptoms of hammertoes.

What questions should I ask my healthcare provider?

  • Is this joint deformity a hammertoe, clawtoe, or mallet toe?
  • What type of hammertoe do I have?
  • What do you think caused my hammertoe?
  • What kind of treatment do I need?
  • Are there any at-home treatments I can try?
  • Can you recommend any shoes? Or, are there shoes I should avoid?

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Don’t take your feet for granted! Take care of them. Get in contact with your healthcare provider right away if you have any symptoms of hammertoes: a joint in your toe that’s getting rigid, pain at the top of your bent toe, pain in the ball of your foot, corns or calluses on the top of your bent joint, redness or inflammation or a burning sensation in your toe, swelling and/or restricted or painful motion.

Hammertoes can get worse, and you’ll likely need treatment, so don’t hesitate to contact your healthcare provider.

Calluses Causes and Treatments | Canyon Oaks

What starts out as a blister from new shoes rubbing your foot the wrong way can easily develop into a hardened callus, or even a corn on the pinky toe, over time. 

What else causes calluses and corns, and what can be done about them?

Calluses: What Are They?

Calluses are thickened layers of skin that usually appear on the soles of your feet. They develop when your skin tries to protect itself against friction, such as repeated rubbing against the inside of a shoe. Typically, calluses are not painful. 

What are Corns?

While corns are similar to calluses, they are smaller and can be sensitive when placed under pressure. They are characterized by having a raised center with inflamed skin. Corns will develop in areas of your foot that don’t bear weight, such as a corn on the pinky toe or the sides of your other toes. 

Causes of Calluses and Corns

A number of things can lead to the development of calluses and corns on the feet, including your shoes, your routine, and even how you walk. 

Here are some common factors that can cause calluses and corns:

  • How you wear your shoes. Whether your shoes are too loose or too tight, ill-fitting footwear can rub and create a high amount of friction on areas of your foot while you walk. Over time, your foot will develop calluses and corns to protect itself from the pressure. 
  • The way you wear your socks. Wearing the wrong socks, or even failing to wear socks at all can also contribute to the growth of calluses and corns. Always wear socks with footwear made to pair with socks, and do not wear oversized socks. 
  • Your running form. Whether the way you walk is inherited or unique to you, it may put you at risk of developing calluses and corns. “If you have gait issues (abnormal movements or lack of coordination in movements) when walking or running, you may be especially prone to calluses and should see your doctor,” says the Institute for Preventive Foot Health. 
  • The amount of time spent on your feet. If your routine features long-standing hours or frequent exercise, you may be more prone to calluses and bunions.  
  • Your foot shape. Due to genetics, you may have inherited feet that don’t seem to fit well in a typical pair of shoes. This abnormality may cause rubbing in shoes that can lead to calluses and bunions. 
  • How healthy your feet are. If you have other health conditions affecting your feet, such as hammertoes, bunions, arthritis, a bone spur, or another health problem affecting the shape of your feet, you may be at increased risk of developing bunions and corns. 

Treatments for Calluses and Corns

To prevent calluses and corns from growing, pay attention to your feet. If you notice that your footwear is rubbing in a certain area or you have developed a blister, use padding to cover the affected area and consider swapping out your shoes for a better-fitting pair. Avoid frequent use of footwear choices known to cramp the foot or cause blisters and discomfort, such as high-heels. 

If you already have calluses and corns, here are some treatment tips:

  • Use insoles. To help control how your foot fits in your shoe and prevent rubbing while walking or running, insoles are a worthy investment.
  • Soak your feet. A footbath of warm water and a quality moisturizer can help to soften tough skin. 
  • Use a pumice stone. This can help you gently knock down calluses. Do not attempt to cut the callus or corn, and refrain from attempting to remove your calluses or corns if you have diabetes.
  • Visit a podiatrist. Your foot care specialist can help you get to the root of the cause of your bunions and corns and see if it may be associated with other foot conditions. Podiatrists may recommend procedures and foot support devices, working with you to establish a healthy balance and weight distribution on your feet.

Contact Canyon Oaks for Callus and Corn Treatment 

Contact our Canyon Oaks office to seek treatment for your calluses and corns. Fill out the online contact form below, and we will be in touch with you within one business day.

Corns and calluses – Diagnosis and treatment


Your doctor will examine your feet and rule out other causes of thickened skin, such as warts and cysts. He or she may recommend an X-ray if a physical abnormality is causing the corn or callus.


Treatment for corns and calluses usually involves avoiding the repetitive actions that caused them to develop. You can help resolve them by wearing properly fitting shoes, using protective pads and taking other self-care measures.

If a corn or callus persists or becomes painful despite your self-care efforts, medical treatments can provide relief:

  • Trimming away excess skin. Your doctor can pare down thickened skin or trim a large corn with a scalpel, usually during an office visit. Don’t try this yourself because it could lead to an infection.
  • Callus-removing medication. Your doctor may also apply a patch containing 40 percent salicylic acid (Clear Away, MediPlast,others). Such patches are available without a prescription. Your doctor will let you know how often you need to replace this patch. He or she may recommend that you use a pumice stone, nail file or emery board to smooth away dead skin before applying a new patch. You can also get a prescription for salicylic acid in gel form to apply on larger areas.
  • Shoe inserts. If you have an underlying foot deformity, your doctor may prescribe custom-made padded shoe inserts (orthotics) to prevent recurring corns or calluses.
  • Surgery. In rare instances, your doctor may recommend surgery to correct the alignment of a bone causing friction.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor blood flow, consult your doctor before treating a corn and callus on your own.

If you have no underlying health problems, try these suggestions to help clear up a corn or callus:

  • Use over-the-counter pads. Apply a pad to protect the area where a corn or callus developed. Be careful using over-the-counter (nonprescription) liquid corn removers or medicated corn pads. These contain salicylic acid, which can irritate healthy skin and lead to infection, especially in people with diabetes or other conditions that cause poor blood flow.
  • Soak your hands or feet. Soaking your hands or feet in warm, soapy water softens corns and calluses. This can make it easier to remove the thickened skin.
  • Thin thickened skin. During or after bathing, rub a corn or callus with a pumice stone, nail file, emery board or washcloth to help remove a layer of toughened skin. Don’t use a sharp object to trim the skin. Don’t use a pumice stone if you have diabetes.
  • Moisturize your skin. Apply moisturizer to your hands and feet to help keep the skin soft.
  • Wear comfortable shoes and socks. Stick to well-fitting, cushioned shoes and socks until your corn or callus disappears.

April 21, 2020

Show references

  1. Goldstein BG, et al. Overview of benign lesions of the skin. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 21, 2016.
  2. Calluses and corns. Merck Manual Professional Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic-disorders/cornification-disorders/calluses-and-corns. Accessed Dec. 21, 2016.
  3. Corns and calluses. American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. http://www.aofas.org/footcaremd/conditions/ailments-of-the-big-toe/Pages/Corns-and-Calluses.aspx. Accessed Dec. 21, 2016.


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Blisters, Calluses, and Corns (for Teens)

Did you ever get a blister from a new pair of shoes? Maybe you play guitar and have calluses on your hands, or you’re a dancer and have corns on your toes.

Blisters, calluses, and corns can be uncomfortable, but they’re also pretty common and easy to prevent. All three happen because of friction — when two surfaces rub against each other. In the case of these skin problems, one of the surfaces is your tender skin.

What’s a Blister?

A blister is an area of raised skin with a watery liquid inside. Blisters form on hands and feet from rubbing and pressure, and form a lot faster than calluses. You can get blisters on your feet the same day you wear uncomfortable or poor-fitting shoes. You can get blisters on your hands if you forget to wear protective gloves when you’re doing things like using a hammer or riding a bike.

Areas on your body that form blisters and continue to be rubbed every day can go on to form calluses.

What’s a Callus?

A callus is an area of thick skin. Calluses form in places where there is a lot of repeated rubbing for a long period of time. The skin hardens from the pressure over time and eventually thickens. It gets a hard, tough, grayish or yellowish surface that may feel bumpy.

Calluses can be a form of protection for the hands. Gymnasts who perform on uneven parallel bars and other apparatus often get calluses on their hands. Guitarists can get calluses on their fingertips from the guitar strings. Once formed, calluses may make it easier for the person to swing around the bars or play the guitar.

But what about calluses on the feet? They can be painful because you’re stepping on them all the time. Foot calluses usually form on the ball of the foot (the roundish part on the bottom of your foot, just behind your big toe). Some calluses also form on the outside of the big or little toe or the heel.

Tight shoes and high heels often cause calluses because they put a lot of pressure on your feet at points that aren’t used to all of that stress.

What’s a Corn?

Like calluses, corns are also areas of hard, thick skin. They usually look like a soft yellow ring of skin around a hard, gray center. Corns often form on the tops of the toes or in between toes, and they can hurt.

Like calluses, corns come from pressure or repeated rubbing of the toes. Corns usually develop after wearing shoes that are tight around the toe area.

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Preventing Blisters, Calluses, and Corns

The best way to deal with blisters, calluses, and corns is to avoid getting them altogether. So how do you do that?

  • To avoid getting blisters and calluses on your hands, wear the right kind of gloves or protective gear. For instance, you might use work gloves during yard work or palm protectors called “grips” for gymnastics.
  • To keep your feet callus free, choose your shoes wisely. Try to shop for shoes in the afternoon because that’s when your feet are their largest. They get a little swollen from you walking on them all day! Try on both shoes and walk around a little bit before buying them. Even if shoes look really cool, don’t get them if they don’t feel right. Often, a different size or width can make a big difference.
  • Even if you love a pair of shoes, it’s best not to wear them all the time. Mix it up by wearing a variety of shoes. That way, your feet will get a break and won’t always be rubbed in the same places.

Caring for Blisters, Calluses, and Corns

If you do get a blister, callus, or corn, you can usually take care of it at home:

  • Blisters usually heal on their own. Keep a blister clean and dry and cover it with a bandage until it goes away. While it heals, try to avoid putting pressure on the area or rubbing it.
  • You can help a callus go away faster by soaking it in warm, soapy water for 10 minutes, then rubbing it with a pumice stone. The stone has a rough surface and can be used to rub off dead skin. Go easy when you do this. Rubbing too much can make the skin raw and tender. You can also wear shoe pads inside your shoes to relieve pressure so foot calluses can heal. You can buy pumice stones and foot pads in many grocery stores and drugstores.
  • Corns take a little bit longer to go away. To help, you can buy special doughnut-shaped pads that let the corn fit right into the hole in the middle to relieve pain and pressure. Ask a nurse, doctor, or a parent about trying pads that contain salicylic acid. This acid takes off the dead skin to help get rid of the corn, but people with some health conditions (like diabetes) will want to avoid using these. If a corn sticks around for a while and keeps hurting, you may need to see a podiatrist (the fancy name for a foot doctor).

Corns and Calluses | Prevention & Treatment

What are corns and calluses?


A corn is a small area of skin which has become thickened due to pressure on it. A corn is roughly round in shape. Corns press into the deeper layers of skin and can be painful.

  • Hard corns commonly occur on the top of the smaller toes or on the outer side of the little toe. These are the areas where poorly fitted shoes tend to rub most.
  • Soft corns sometimes form in between the toes, most commonly between the fourth and fifth toes. These are softer because the sweat between the toes keeps them moist. Soft corns can sometimes become infected.

Toe corns


A callus is usually larger and broader than a corn and has a less well-defined edge. These tend to form on the underside of your foot (the sole). They commonly form over the bony area just underneath your toes. This weight bearing area takes much of your weight when you walk. They are usually painless but can become painful.

Calluses on the underside of the foot

What causes corns and calluses?

The small bones of the toes and feet are broader and more lumpy near to the small joints of the toes. If there is repeated friction or pressure on the skin overlying a small rough area of bone, this will cause the skin to thicken. This may lead to corns or calluses forming.

The common causes of rubbing and pressure are tight or ill fitting shoes which tend to cause corns on the top of the toes and side of the little toe. Also, too much walking or running which tends to cause calluses on the bottom of the feet (the soles). So if you do sports or activities that involve repeated pressure on your feet then this will increase your risk of developing a callus.

Corns and calluses are more likely to develop if you have very prominent bony toes, thin skin, or any deformities of the toes or feet which cause the skin to rub more easily inside shoes. People with bunions are more likely to develop corns and calluses.

What are the treatments for corns and calluses?

If you develop a painful corn or callus it is best to obtain expert advice from a person qualified to diagnose and treat foot disorders (a podiatrist – previously called a chiropodist). You should not cut corns yourself, especially if you are elderly or have diabetes.

Treatments such as corn plasters will reduce the pressure on your corn but will not actually treat the corn.

Advice and options to treat corns and calluses include the following:

Trimming (paring down)

The thickened skin of a corn or callus can be pared down by a podiatrist by using a scalpel blade. The pain is usually much reduced as the corn or callus is pared down and the pressure on the underlying tissues eased. Sometimes, repeated or regular trimming sessions are needed. Once a corn or callus has been pared down, it may not return if you use good footwear.

If the skin seems to be thickening up again, a recurrence may be prevented by rubbing down the thickening skin with a pumice stone or emery paper once a week. Many people can do this themselves. It is best to soak your foot in warm water for 20 minutes to soften the thick skin before using a pumice stone or emery paper. A moisturising cream used regularly on a trimmed corn or callus will keep the skin softened and easier to rub down.

Chemical treatment

There are different types of medicated products which work by chemically paring down the thickened, dead skin on corns and calluses. These usually contain salicylic acid, which is also present in many wart-removal products.

Salicylic acid is a keratolytic, which means it dissolves the protein (keratin) that makes up most of both the corn and the thick layer of dead skin which usually tops it. It is important to use these products as directed in the package directions; these products are gentle and safe for most people. Salicylic acid treatments are available in different forms including drops, pads and plasters.

All these treatments will turn the top of your skin white and then you will be able trim or peel away the dead tissue. This results in the corn sticking out less, which will make it less painful.

Although these products can work well, they should not be used if you have diabetes or poor circulation. This is because your skin is less likely to heal well after using salicylic acid and there is a risk that an ulcer may develop.

Shoes and footwear

Tight or ill fitting shoes are thought to be the main cause of most corns and calluses. Sometimes a rough seam or stitching in a shoe may rub enough to cause a corn. The aim is to wear shoes that reduce pressure and rubbing on the toes and forefeet. Shoes should have plenty of room for the toes and have soft uppers and low heels. High heels, especially if they are tight fitting, can lead to repeated friction and make corns and calluses worse. In addition, extra width is needed if corns develop on the outer side of the little toe. Extra height is needed if corns develop on the top of abnormal toes such as ‘hammer’ or ‘claw’ toes.

Correcting poor footwear will reduce any rubbing or repeated friction on your skin. In many cases, a corn or callus will go away if rubbing or pressure is stopped with improved footwear. If you have had a corn or callus pared away, a recurrence will usually be prevented by wearing good footwear. If you are able, going barefoot when not outdoors will also help.

Some people with abnormalities of their feet or toes will need special shoes to prevent rubbing. A podiatrist can advise you about this.

Footpads and toe protection

Depending on the site of a corn or callus, a cushioning pad or shoe insole may be of benefit. For example, for a callus under the foot, a soft shoe insert may cushion the skin and help the callus to heal. If there is a corn between your toes, a special sleeve worn around your toe may ease the pressure. A special toe splint may also help to keep your toes apart to allow a corn between toes to heal. A podiatrist will be able to advise you on any appropriate padding, insoles or appliances you may need.


If you have a foot or toe abnormality causing recurring problems, an operation may be advised if all else fails. For example, an operation may be needed to straighten a deformed toe, or to cut out a part of a bone that is sticking out from a toe and causing problems. If you need an operation then you will be referred to a surgeon who will be able to discuss this with you in more detail. 

What happens if a corn becomes infected?

Occasionally corns or calluses can become infected. If this happens then your corn would become more painful and the skin around the corn (or callus) will become red and sore. Pus may come out of the corn. You should see your GP, who will be able to prescribe antibiotics if necessary.

Calluses and Corns | Cedars-Sinai

Not what you’re looking for?

What are calluses and corns?

Calluses and corns are thickened areas of skin caused by rubbing
(friction) or pressure. The outer layer of skin thickens to protect the bone under
the skin with extra padding. Calluses most often occur on feet and hands. Corns are
a type of small callus that occur on or between toes.

What causes calluses and corns?

Calluses and corns on the feet can be caused by friction or
pressure from:

  • Shoes that don’t fit well
  • Foot bones that are not in a normal position
  • A lot of physical activity, such as daily running

Calluses on hands can be caused by friction from:

  • Weightlifting
  • Playing a musical instrument
  • Using tools
  • Playing tennis
  • Gardening
  • Farm work, carpentry, and other work with your hands

Who is at risk for calluses and corns?

You are more at risk for calluses and corns if you:

  • Are very physically active
  • Wear shoes that don’t fit well
  • Don’t wear socks with shoes
  • Have other foot problems
  • Play a musical instrument
  • Work with your hands

What are the symptoms of calluses and corns?

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each person.


Calluses are often painless, thick areas of skin that form on
the hands and feet. 

  • Calluses on the hand.
    These often form on the palm just under the fingers and on the soft
    undersides of the fingers.
  • Calluses on the foot.
    These grow on the bottom of the foot or on the outer edge of a toe or heel.
    A callus may spread across the ball of your foot. This type of callus is
    often because of a problem with a metatarsal. This is the long bone at the
    base of a toe, near the ball of the foot. A pinch callus may grow along the
    outer edge of the heel or the big toe. Some calluses press up into the foot
    instead of spreading on the outside. A callus may form a central core or
    plug of tissue where pressure is greatest.


Corns can be painful. Corns often grow on top of the foot,
often at the toe joint. Corns can range from a slight thickening of skin to a
painful, soft or hard bump. They often form on top of buckled toe joints (hammer
toes). If your toes curl under, corns may grow on the tips of your toes. You may
also get a corn on the end of a toe if it rubs against your shoe. Corns can also
grow between toes, often between the first and second toes. Sometimes corns are
confused with warts.

The symptoms of calluses and corns can look like other health
conditions. See your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How are calluses and corns diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and health
history. He or she will give you a physical exam. The physical exam will include
closely examining your skin where the callus or corn has formed. The provider may
also ask about your shoes and physical activity. In most cases, no lab tests are

How are calluses and corns treated?

Treatment will depend on your symptoms, your age, and your general
health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.

Treatment for corns and calluses can include:

  • Trimming the skin. Your
    healthcare provider may advise using a nail file or pumice stone to reduce the
    skin on a corn or callus. You may be told to do this after the skin is softened
    in a bath or shower. In some cases, your healthcare provider may use a sharp
    tool to trim away the outer layers of skin that make up the corn or callus.
  • Salicylic acid. You may put
    salicylic acid on the corn or callus to soften and remove some layers of
  • Urea cream. You may use this to
    thin out the skin.
  • Padding. Moleskin patches or
    soft pads can help protect the skin where corns and calluses form, and reduce
    pain and rubbing.
  • Cortisone injection. Cortisone
    medicine can be injected into a painful corn or callus to reduce pain.
  • Changing shoes. If you have
    corns, your healthcare provider may advise wearing shoes that have more toe
    room. This will help prevent your toes from rubbing against the top of the
  • Wearing shoe inserts. If you
    have calluses, wearing a cushioned insole, arch support, or heel counter can
    help reduce friction. Orthotics are special inserts for shoes that come in
    different shapes and sizes to help with foot problems. They can help cushion
    calluses or move pressure away from problem areas where calluses form. Orthotics
    can help limit existing problems and prevent new ones from starting.
  • Surgery. If a bone or joint is
    out of place, certain parts of your foot may be under too much pressure. This
    can cause severe corns and calluses. In such cases, surgery may be the best way
    to correct the problem. In most cases, surgery to improve foot bone position is
    an outpatient procedure. This means you go home the same day. Your doctor may
    cut away extra bone, reposition larger bones, or even attach (fuse) joints
    together. In some cases, tendons or ligaments are cut to reduce tension on a
    bone or joint. Your healthcare provider will talk with you about the surgery
    that will work best for you.

Talk with your healthcare providers about the risks, benefits, and
possible side effects of all treatments.

What are possible complications of calluses and

Severe calluses or corns may hurt, become infected, harm healthy
tissue, or affect your ability to walk. If you have diabetes, calluses and corns may
lead to more problems with your feet. Examine your feet daily to look for sores or
other signs of infection.

Can calluses and corns be prevented?

You can prevent calluses and corns by removing the cause of the
friction or pressure. To prevent corns and calluses on the feet, wear good-fitting

When should I call my healthcare provider?

Call the healthcare provider if you have:

  • Symptoms that don’t get better, or get worse
  • New symptoms
  • Sores or signs of infection on your feet, such as redness,
    warmth, or fluid leaking
  • Pain

Key points about calluses and corns

  • Calluses and corns are thickened areas of skin caused by
    rubbing (friction) or pressure. The outer layer of skin thickens to protect the
    bone under the skin with extra padding.
  • Calluses most often occur on feet and hands. Corns are a
    type of small callus that occur on or between toes.
  • Calluses are often painless. Corns can be painful.
  • Severe calluses or corns may hurt, become infected, harm
    healthy tissue, or affect your ability to walk.
  • Treatment for corns and calluses can include trimming the
    skin, using padding, using medicines for the skin, or changing shoes. In some
    cases, surgery may help.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare

  • Know the reason for your visit and what you want to
  • Before your visit, write down questions you want
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and
    remember what your provider tells you.
  • At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis and any
    new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your
    provider gives you.
  • Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed and how
    it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the
    results could mean.
  • Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have
    the test or procedure.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date,
    time, and purpose for that visit.
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have

Not what you’re looking for?

90,000 Corn on the little finger with a shank

Frequently Asked Questions

01. How to distinguish corns from wart? I was sure that I had corns on my foot, and the pedicure master in the salon insists that these are warts and says that he does not deal with them. I don’t know which doctor to go to now.

– Corns are areas of yellowish hyperkeratosis in places of greatest friction, the natural skin pattern does not change, the stratum corneum thickens.

– Corns on the skin of the feet appear as a defensive response to prolonged friction and external pressure, for example, tight shoes or as a result of a violation of the biomechanics of the foot due to flat feet.

– Corns are well corrected with proper hygienic treatment, when wearing individual orthopedic insoles and using recommended cosmetics.

To clarify the diagnosis, patients are advised to contact a dermatologist who will give recommendations on the care and method of dealing with this ailment.

With callousness of the feet (multiple corns), podiatrists successfully cope during a medical pedicure or pedicure matera, delicately treating areas of hyperkeratosis. Wearing individual insoles and comfortable, comfortable shoes allows you to prevent their appearance.

Viral plantar warts are benign skin growths that are caused by the human papillomavirus. Clinically, warts appear in the form of papules on any part of the skin of the foot, with punctate thrombosed vessels on the surface, while walking, the patient experiences intense pain.

Plantar warts, in contrast to corns, are exclusively medical and require treatment.

There are characteristic differences between the wart and the corns.

– Unlike corns, a viral wart changes the natural skin pattern, as the virus is embedded in the DNA of the cell and the cell begins to produce non-characteristic epithelial cells like “cauliflower”.

– Intense, sharp pain with lateral compression of the wart – is also different from the corns.

– Increased bleeding of warts at the slightest trauma.

– Typical dermatoscopic picture.

You are very lucky to get to such a conscientious pedicure master, since warts are really not his competence. Viral warts are treated by a dermatologist.

02. What is the difference between medical pedicure and aesthetic pedicure?

Aesthetic pedicure and manicure imply a superficial (not deep!) Treatment of the nail plates and skin.It is important to create precisely the beauty and aesthetics of work: the correct, uniform shape of nails, all kinds of designs and the application of varnish or gel varnish.

During medical treatment, when there is a lesion / change in the nail plates, there is absolutely no question of maintaining shape or aesthetic beauty! The problem that has arisen requires a solution, not a masking.

For example, with a fungal infection, the focus of infection must be sanitized as much as possible.This means that you need to clean the nail plate so that there is no affected tissue left.

Medical pedicure implies an individual approach to each patient, as well as the solution of any problems on the feet:

  • modification of nail plates; corns; hyperkeratosis; cracks; pain syndrome.

03. What are the causes of corns? How can you avoid them? What are the treatments if they come up?

There are several causes of keratosis and hyperkeratosis, namely corns and corns.The main one is local pressure on a specific area of ​​the skin of the foot, which is exerted by:

  • model shoes,
  • High Travel Load (Heel),
  • heavy patient weight,
  • deformity of toes, both genetic and acquired,
  • flat feet transverse or longitudinal-transverse,
  • availability hallux valgus,
  • hollow feet,
  • hammer toes.

The next reason may be:

  • Diabetes mellitus,
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system,
  • varicose veins of the lower extremities.

To relieve pressure, you should choose comfortable shoes, free in the forefoot, with a heel of 2-4 cm.If you are unable to change your lifestyle, then you should pay special attention to foot care – regular pedicure.

In our Clinic of Podology, 2 methods of treatment are carried out:

  • Mechanical removal.
  • Reducing pressure on the foot by using individual insoles and individual orthoses, the manufacture of which is controlled by a specialist of the Clinic of Podology after diagnosis, taking into account the characteristics of your foot, as well as body weight, type of sport, level of load and the presence of injuries.

04. What are the causes of calluses on the top of the little toe? How is this pathology treated? Is it possible to prevent this?

The main reason for the appearance of calluses on the upper surface of the little toe is local pressure on a specific area of ​​the skin of the foot, which is exerted by:

  • model shoes,
  • High Travel Load (Heel),
  • deformity of toes, both genetic and acquired,
  • flat feet transverse or longitudinal-transverse,
  • hollow feet.

In the presence of thickening of the stratum corneum of the skin, both superficial and intradermal, a specialist of the Podology Clinic performs mechanical removal of calluses. In any case, it is recommended to wear comfortable, loose shoes in the forefoot, with a heel of 2-4 cm, and special protective gel or fabric correctors.

It is recommended to reduce the pressure on this area of ​​the foot by using individual insoles and individual orthoses, the manufacture of which is controlled by a specialist of the Clinic of Podology after diagnosis, taking into account the characteristics of your foot, as well as body weight, type of sport, level of load and the presence of injuries.If you are unable to change your lifestyle, then you should pay special attention to foot care – regular pedicure.

05. What are the causes of calluses between the toes? How is this pathology treated? Is it possible to prevent this?

Calluses between the toes are caused by pressure from the joints of the adjacent toes. This can be triggered by:

  • flat feet,
  • deformity of the toes, both genetic and acquired,
  • fashion shoes,
  • high running load (shoes with high heels),
  • shoes with a narrow nose or less fullness.

The specialists of the Podology Clinic will help to significantly alleviate and even cure this problem. The patient is cut out the corn and is assigned the subsequent wearing of an interdigital gel corrector. Correctors can be individual, made by a doctor of the Clinic of Podology, or universal, presented in our wide line of podology products. In order to prevent the appearance of calluses, you need to give up uncomfortable shoes.

06. What are the causes of dry feet? What are the features of care in this case?

Dry foot skin is usually caused by an imbalance in the hormonal system and requires a doctor’s examination. In any case, you can contact the leading specialist of the Podology Clinic for a consultation, where they will not only conduct a visual examination of your legs, but also explain how to proceed, as well as give recommendations for home care.

To eliminate this pathology, specialized podological means of such leading manufacturers in the field of podology as “Akileine”, “Suda”, “Gehwol”, “Peclavus” are used, selected by the specialists of our clinic individually for each patient, with their obligatory daily use.

07. Why do bumps appear on the surface of the fingers? How to get rid of?

The main reason is local pressure on a specific area of ​​the skin of the foot, which is exerted by:

  • model shoes,
  • High Travel Load (Heel),
  • deformity of toes, both genetic and acquired,
  • flat feet transverse or longitudinal-transverse,
  • hollow feet.

In the presence of thickening of the stratum corneum of the skin, both superficial and intradermal, a specialist of the Podology Clinic performs mechanical removal of calluses. In any case, it is recommended to wear loose shoes and special protective gel or fabric correctors. It is recommended to reduce the pressure on this zone of the foot by using individual insoles and individual orthoses, the manufacture of which is controlled by a specialist of the Clinic of Podology after diagnosis, taking into account the characteristics of your foot, as well as body weight, type of sport, level of load and the presence of injuries.To reduce pressure, you should choose comfortable, loose shoes in the forefoot, with a heel of 2-4 cm. If you are not able to change your lifestyle, then you should pay special attention to foot care – regular pedicure.

08. What are the causes of subungual callus? How is this pathology treated? Is it possible to prevent this?

The only reason for the appearance of a subungual callus is the deformation of the nail plate, namely, its twisting.

There may be several reasons for this :;

  • pressure exerted on toes by shoes,
  • past nail injuries,
  • genetic predisposition,
  • fungal diseases (onychomycosis),
  • Incorrect pedicure.

In the presence of thickening of the stratum corneum of the skin, both superficial and intradermal, a specialist of the Podology Clinic performs mechanical removal of calluses.In the future, your treating podiatrist will prescribe the use of ortonexia methods. Ortonexia is a podological method of correcting crooked nails using special tissue materials, staples or plates. To prevent twisting of the nail plate, you should choose comfortable, free shoes in the forefoot, with a heel of 2-4 cm.If you are not able to change your lifestyle, then you should pay special attention to foot care – regular pedicure.

09. What are individual insoles, what is their advantage over factory ones?

The advantage of individually made insoles over universal purchased ones is obvious – their individuality! After all, the manufacture of insoles in this case is controlled by a specialist of the Clinic of Podology after diagnosis, taking into account the characteristics of your foot, as well as body weight, type of sport, level of load and the presence of injuries. Wearing just such insoles allows you to stop the progressive problems of your feet and even minimize them.

For the most part, each of us, especially a city dweller, suffers from a violation of the architectonics of the feet. Universal insoles are like a mouthguard that does not fit a boxer’s teeth (if the jaw is not firmly fixed, hello, broken bones and a knockout!). But are all-round insoles really bad? They can be used, but as something temporary, which does not require large funds for the period of making individual insoles, and they are also suitable for the lucky ones who do not have orthopedic problems (for prevention).

Individual insoles are an orthopedic product made exclusively for your individual anatomy with acquired or congenital deformities. In difficult cases, it is not worth bringing the matter to radical measures when there is such a simple method of prevention and correction of the muscular system as individual plantar orthosis (individual insoles).

10. What are individual orthoses? What are they needed for?

Orthoses are silicone inserts that protect our feet from strong pressure.These are the areas between the toes, the interphalangeal joints of the fingers and the metatarsophalangeal joints of the big and other toes, as well as the heel zone of the foot. Orthoses are factory-made and individual. The latter are certainly better suited to the specific problem of the patient’s feet. A professionally made orthosis will help relieve painful sensations, prevent the appearance of hyperkeratosis, namely, calluses, corns, cracks and prevent further deformation of the toes.

eleven. What is “chicken ass” (“bile”)? What are the reasons for its occurrence? Does it need to be treated? How is the treatment carried out? How to prevent the occurrence?

“Chicken” corn or “chicken ass” in the scientific world is called – core keratoma. Popularly, the core keratoma received its name for its identity with the chicken tail, where feathers, accumulating, resemble cores.

Rods of a rod keratoma are keratinized ingrown cells. This type of callus is most often caused by wearing tight and uncomfortable shoes.The rods cut into healthy areas of the skin and cause severe pain.

There are two main reasons for the appearance of core calluses:

  • mechanical – callus occurs due to wearing tight and uncomfortable shoes. As a result of this irritation on the skin, the cells of the epidermis begin to grow actively and form a thickening at the site of irritation.
  • physiological – various types of flat feet, curvature and incorrect positioning of the foot, changes in the bone and articular system of the foot.

Keratoma must be treated. If no treatment is performed, after a few years the keratoma grows to the bone and even grows into the bone. At the same time, it is not enough just to give up uncomfortable shoes, which were the cause of the callus. Before starting the treatment of stubble callus, it is necessary to consult a specialist in order to identify the cause of its appearance. As a result, the method of treatment is already being determined: surgical treatment, laser therapy (laser coagulation) or cryotherapy (cryodestruction).

Prevention of calluses involves wearing comfortable shoes and protective unloading correctors, the use of remedies that relieve irritation and form a protective film.

12. What is an athlete’s foot?

Intense sports activities inevitably lead to specific changes in the foot, such foot lesions are called “athlete’s foot” or “sports foot”. Among the main problems faced by an athlete, one can single out calluses, blisters, corns, cracked heels, ingrown nails, hyperhidrosis (increased sweating).

Wearing closed shoes provokes the development of foot fungus, accompanied by redness, peeling of the skin areas between the toes. The appearance of the listed symptoms is a reason for contacting a dermatologist, otherwise an infection may join the damage and a complication may develop.

Go to the “Question-answer” section
90,000 Dry calluses on the feet and little toes: home treatment

Who among us has not encountered the problem of dry calluses on the feet and little toes?

Agree that this seemingly trifling ailment can darken not only the joy of buying new shoes, but also make life literally unbearable.
We will tell you how to return an easy gait and get rid of discomfort when walking as soon as possible.


It is believed that dry calluses on the feet and toes are caused by improperly fitted shoes.
No matter how much the shoes cost, if they are too small for you, then you should not hope for a miracle and try to “spread” them. Ultimately, with constant mechanical stress, there is a high probability of the occurrence of keratinized (most delicate) areas of the skin of the legs.

The same happens when buying shoes, even if they are only ½ size larger: squelching worn-out backs together with an uncomfortable last – a direct way to the office to the orthopedist.

The answer to the question of why dry calluses appear on the feet becomes obvious, and the conclusion about the need to carefully choose shoes by foot size suggests itself here.

You also need to be on the alert and lovers of high heels, since sooner or later they will have to make a difficult choice between their own health and the desire to effectively emphasize their femininity.

The problem of modern materials from which footwear for everyday wear is made stands apart. The widespread use of synthetics, rubber, stretch leather and artificial rubbers in the creation of fashionable “designer” styles does not allow the legs to “breathe”. Constant moisture inside, easily getting wet or not dry shoes is another reason why dry calluses ultimately appear on the toes.

We will separately mention the issue of hygiene and proper foot care in general.Everyone knows that if you violate the rules of sanitation, there is a possibility of suddenly encountering various viral infections and fungal diseases. If you do not fight dry calluses, then there is a possibility of infection penetrating into the body through microcracks.

How to get rid of

Many people believe that if the dry callus on the toe is not removed, then the discomfort, like the pain, will gradually disappear.However, this opinion is wrong.

Firstly, dry callus on the toe does not look aesthetically pleasing at all, and therefore the question “how to get rid of this ailment” should be asked the sooner the better.

And, secondly, even if you have come to terms with this neighborhood, and unpleasant sensations do not appear so often, then there is absolutely no guarantee that at some point there will be no sharp exacerbation.

The vast majority of currently known methods and remedies for dry calluses on the feet are aimed at removing the stratum corneum of dead cells.There is no shortage of information on how to get rid of dry calluses on your feet.

You can use the advice of traditional medicine and try to get rid of dry calluses on your feet at home, when the procedures are reduced to nightly baths with herbal decoctions and subsequent gentle peeling.

A definite plus of “home” methods is the availability of ingredients and medicinal plants, which can be purchased at the nearest pharmacy.

The disadvantages include the dubious effect of such procedures, since the method read on the Internet, thanks to which many people got rid of dry corn, may not suit you. And the time until the desired result is obtained can take more than one week.

If you want to get instant results, and the appearance of the surgeon does not make you feel afraid, then you should seek professional medical help. In the conditions of a cosmetology or surgical room, removal is carried out using a laser or liquid nitrogen. One of the disadvantages of these methods is the presence of existing contraindications and a relatively long recovery period after a small “mini-operation”.

In fairness, we will say that, despite the high cost of the procedure, in most cases, such methods of removal are fully justified.

Attention! It is strictly forbidden to cut or scrape off the corn on your own! This is a direct path to injury and soft tissue infection.For those who are sick of visiting the doctor for such “trifles” once again, the remedy for dry calluses on the toes is probably suitable. EVO Foot Cream with urea 10%.

How to get rid of dry calluses on the little toe

Getting rid of dry calluses on the little toe is not at all difficult if (as the rules require) you have a little patience.

Rule 1

Do not forget about daily hygiene and apply the EVO Urea Foot Cream only on clean and dry skin of the feet.The complex of extracts of celandine, oak bark, sage and pine needles in this cream prevents unpleasant odors. The same natural ingredients prevent the development of fungal microflora, as they have an antibacterial effect.

Rule 2

For an effective fight against dry calluses on the toe, carefully rub in the cream until it is completely absorbed.It is necessary that the main component of urea penetrates into the deep layers of the skin, clinging to the water molecules and the elements necessary for the softness and elasticity of the skin. This cream nourishes the skin, restores its softness, makes it elastic and prevents the loss of moisture, not only urea, but also coconut and olive oil.

Rule 3

If the Cream with EVO Urea is applied regularly, then the visible result will be noticeable after 5 days of use: the skin on the feet will become soft, and there will be no trace of the callus on the finger and little finger!

90,000 folk and pharmaceutical remedies, advice

If you have the opportunity to collect fresh needles and bark of spruce trees, prepare a decoction from them.To do this, pour 250 g of the product with two liters of water and cook for 30 minutes. When the broth has cooled to a comfortable temperature, lower your feet into it for 20 minutes.
Fill a bucket or basin with high sides with water at a temperature of about 36-38 degrees, add 50-100 ml of liquid coniferous extract, put your feet in the bath and hold for 20-30 minutes.
Instead of a liquid extract, you can use dry in briquettes or tablets. For one bath, 1-2 tablets / 50-70 mg of solid extract of needles are enough.
Make a coniferous salt bath. To do this, in addition to the extract, pour about 0.5-1 kg of sea or table salt into the water. Keep your feet in it for 15-20 minutes, then lubricate your feet with a fat cream.


Soap and soda bath

You can hardly find an easier way to quickly get rid of calluses on your finger or anywhere else than this one. After all, only two ingredients are involved in it – soap and soda, diluted with water.Prepare a soapy solution with warm water, add a little baking soda. Steam your feet for 20 minutes, then remove the corn with a foot grater.

Tray with flax tincture

Pour 200 g of flax seeds with one liter of boiling water and let it brew. Hold your feet in such a bath for 30 minutes. Repeat if necessary for several days until the callus is gone.

Tray with boric acid

Pour 2% boric acid solution into warm water at the rate of 5 grams of acid per 1 liter of water.Hold your feet in the bath for 15-20 minutes, then rub the rough areas with a pumice stone. Wipe your feet dry and lubricate with a nourishing cream.

How to quickly get rid of calluses on the leg with a laser

If you cannot remove dry calluses at home, some clinics offer a modern and effective way to deal with them – laser removal, which is performed under local anesthesia. This is an excellent solution to the problem of how to quickly get rid of calluses on the palm or leg.

Using an erbium or carbon dioxide laser, the specialist cauterizes the keratinous formation.

The procedure lasts only about 3 minutes. At the site of exposure, only a small wound remains, which is treated with an antiseptic. One laser procedure is enough to completely remove dry calluses.

And we also found a cool video for you, which shows how to get rid of calluses and calluses at home

Treatment of dry calluses on the little finger with NanoHeels from Boditon

If you take care of your legs carelessly, keratinization of the skin can appear in any area of ​​the foot; but perhaps the most difficult task is the treatment of dry calluses on the little finger.The heel and sole are originally designed to “hold” significant loads, but the little toe is covered with a thin, vulnerable skin, which is easily damaged, dies off and hardens.

A callus on a toe is a dry, yellowish spot that is hard to the touch and painful when pressed. The defect not only causes inconvenience when walking, but also spoils the appearance of the legs more than cracked heels.

Causes and treatment of dry callus on the little finger

The first and main cause of damage to the skin of the little finger is shoes that are not matched to the foot:

  • Cosmetologists and dermatologists unanimously point out: if the season sets in fashion for narrow-nosed shoes that are sure to squeeze the foot, wait for the mass of patients with calluses on the little toes!
  • In shoes that are too loose, there is also little good: the foot “rides”, and the little toe, rubbing against the inner surface of the shoes, suffers most of all.
  • Another “enemy” of the little fingers is sandals with straps passing at the level of the fingers. The leg in open shoes is not rigidly fixed, and the straps constantly rub the skin.

Treatment of dry calluses on the little finger is performed as standard: hot baths, pumice, folk lotions, or laser removal / cryofreezing. But all procedures are much more painful than when treating a foot or heel: the nerve endings in the finger are less deeply located.

“NanoHeels” for smooth little fingers

Have you tried the innovative NanoPyatki product yet? After all, it copes well with cornified cornification not only on the heels, but also on the little fingers.It is necessary to apply a little of the product on the disc, apply it to the corn, wait a couple of minutes, and then carefully remove the stratum corneum that has turned into a gel. Everyone, wear your favorite shoes with pleasure and show off smooth pink toes.

Have you heard of anything like it? Call us and order NanoHeels to hear more and see this unique product in action!

Causes of occurrence, ointments and home remedies

In order to understand how to quickly remove a corn, it is necessary to determine its type, for this it is enough to examine the affected area.Each type of defect has characteristic features, so the diagnosis is not difficult.

In the case of blisters, it is important to start therapy on time so that in the future you do not have to figure out how to treat a burst callus. To begin with, you should stop any exposure to the affected area, for example, change your shoes. The skin is treated with an antiseptic, a bactericidal patch is fixed.

If you plan to pierce the bladder, you need to know how to treat the corn. But doctors do not advise doing this because of the high risk of infection.As a last resort, you can use a needle from a disposable syringe. In this case, it is important not to injure soft tissues. If a wet callus is inflamed, a purulent discharge appears, you need to visit a doctor. Only he can tell you how to treat calluses on the heel with signs of suppuration. Typically, a specialist will cleanse the wound, treat it, and apply a bandage.

If there is no blister, and the skin is covered with a stratum corneum, you need to figure out how to treat dry callus. To achieve the effect, you need to adhere to the following algorithm:

  1. The skin is steamed, you can add a decoction of chamomile or calendula.
  2. The horny area should be rubbed with a pumice stone.
  3. Apply a greasy cream or oil to the skin.
  4. Socks can be used for a warming effect.

How quickly the callus heals depends to a large extent on its size and the frequency of the procedures.

The most difficult question concerns how to treat a corn on a rod-type leg. Therapy can take a long time and it is better to entrust this process to doctors. Experts offer the following methods:

  • Cryotherapy or nitrogen freezing.
  • Laser therapy.
  • Bar drilling.

Each procedure has its own characteristics and indications for use. Only a doctor can determine how to remove the corn stalk. All of the listed procedures are complex and after they are completed, the doctor’s recommendations must be followed in order to exclude the development of complications.

How to treat a callus on a finger in a particular case is determined by the doctor, taking into account the state of the focus and the individual characteristics of the patient.

Callus on the little toe – how to get rid of it?

Most adults face a condition such as calluses on their feet.This problem causes many inconveniences, and sometimes painful sensations. For example, girls and women try to immediately get rid of calluses on the little toe, as this is the first obstacle to wearing open shoes in the warm season. To prevent the appearance of cracked legs and bleeding, it is necessary to start treatment on time.

How to cure a callus on the little toe?

If seals appear on the toes, the first thing to look for is shoes.During treatment, you should use softer shoes or sneakers. The sooner the problem is discovered, the faster it will be possible to say goodbye to it.

There are several basic professional and folk methods aimed at combating the disease. If the problem has appeared only recently and is still quite mild, the treatment will pass quickly – it is enough to apply several baths with oils and salt. After the procedure, the skin becomes soft and the excess is removed with a pumice stone. Then the feet are wiped dry and a moisturizer is applied to them.

If this did not work, for example, when the callus on the little toe is pivotal, medications such as a plaster, potassium permanganate and salicylic ointment will help get rid of it. This is how the specialized adhesive tape is glued to the damaged area. She remains in this position for the next few days. Before that, of course, it is better to make a steaming bath. After the procedure, the adhesive plaster is gently torn off, and the unnecessary skin remains on it.

How to remove a callus on the little toe?

If the seal on the leg is already starting to hurt, become rough or enlarged, you need to contact a specialist who will conduct laser or cryotherapy.Liquid nitrogen is applied to the problem area. A low temperature causes a spasm of small vessels, due to which blood ceases to flow into the corn. After that, it can be easily removed. This method has its drawbacks – a small open wound remains, which requires constant and careful care. Otherwise, the question of how to remove dry calluses on the little toe will appear again. It is also important to prevent infection from entering the body so that something else unpleasant does not happen to the lower limbs.

Laser removal is considered the most effective and painless method.A wound remains in place, into which a disinfecting and healing liquid is placed, and on top it is covered with a bandage – this excludes infection.

90,000 Types of corns and their causes

There are five main types of calluses that form when pressure or chafing is applied to the bone. They can be extremely painful if they put pressure on a nerve ending.

  • Hard calluses

    The most common type of corns.It is a small pea-sized area of ​​hardened skin. Such calluses are usually surrounded by a skin growth and indicate disturbances in the functioning of the foot apparatus or improperly selected shoes.

  • Soft calluses

    Such calluses form between the fingers, where the skin is damp from sweating or not sufficiently dried after washing. In appearance they are whitish, to the touch – as if rubber. They are quite tough on the inside and can therefore be quite painful.Such calluses usually occur when two adjacent fingers are in close contact, which constantly rub against each other. The main culprit behind these blisters is tight shoes pressing your toes together.

  • Corns “grain”

    These are tiny calluses that appear one by one or in groups on the foot and look like a pockmark on the surface of the skin, but do not give pain. They appear as a result of insufficient moisture in the skin of the foot.

  • Vascular or vascular calluses

    These calluses tend to grow significantly over time, which interferes with the work of the capillaries of the circulatory system in the upper layers of the skin. They can be very painful and bleed if damaged. They usually wear a shade of gore.

  • Fibrous or fibrous calluses

    This type of corns is the most dangerous. They arise as a result of a careless attitude towards common calluses.Being in the upper layers of the skin, they are tightly intertwined with collagen fibers and closely connected with organ tissues. They can be extremely painful and require professional treatment. These calluses look very deep with a tinge of yellowness.

How to prevent corns

Considering that stepping on a sore callus is like walking on sharp stones, it is better not to launch them.

The best remedy for calluses is surgical treatment and prevention.Want to prevent blisters from appearing?

Then take regular care of your feet and wear well-fitted and well-made shoes.

How are calluses treated?

  • You can try special corn plasters.