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How do you know if you broke your big toe: Treatment, Symptoms, Healing Time & Pictures


How Do I Know if I Broke My Toe?

A broken toe is typically the result of trauma. Some examples include stubbing your toe against a piece of furniture, dropping something on your toe, or forcefully bending the toe while playing sports. In some cases small but repetitive injuries to the toe, especially from exercises like running and jumping, can cause a small crack to form in the bone known as a stress fracture. Symptoms of a broken toe include pain that worsens when the affected toe is moved or touched, swelling, bruising, and a decreased range of motion. You may hear a snap or pop in the toe at the time of injury which indicates that the bone may be affected. In more serious cases, the affected toe may look deformed, be pointed in the wrong direction, or be twisted outside of its normal position. Broken toes are diagnosed through physical examination and X-rays. If you believe you have broken your toe it is recommended that you seek the care of a podiatrist.   

A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Michael Rosenblum, DPM from New Jersey. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • Throbbing pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising on the skin and toenail
  • The inability to move the toe
  • Toe appears crooked or disfigured
  • Tingling or numbness in the toe

Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.

Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Fair Lawn, and Paterson, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Know About a Broken Toe

Arlington/Mansfield Foot & Ankle Centers: Podiatrists

It may not be life-threatening, but injuring a toe can be a big pain! If you stubbed or bumped your toe and think it may be broken, it’s hard to know when to seek help and when to wait it out at home. 

As part of our comprehensive line of podiatric services, the board-certified podiatrists at Arlington/Mansfield Foot & Ankle Centers help patients in Arlington and Mansfield, Texas, recover from foot, toe, and ankle injuries. 

We also want our patients to understand the signs and symptoms of a broken toe — including when it’s time to seek professional help. Keep reading to learn what you need to know!     

Understanding broken toes

A broken, or fractured, is a common foot injury that rarely requires emergency care. That doesn’t mean a broken toe is a walk in the park! 

Toes can break like any other bone in your body, as the result of impact, such as when a heavy item lands on your toe or stubbing or bumping it hard. Because of their small size and placement on the periphery of your body, it’s easy to injure these little bones — especially the little toe. 

Most of the time, broken toes heal on their own without much need for medical intervention. Pain medication, including anti-inflammatory medicines, and immobilization of the toe are the usual treatments, though severe breaks may require additional therapies.

Even though most broken toes aren’t emergencies, If you suspect a fractured toe, it’s important to see your podiatrist at Arlington/Mansfield Foot & Ankle Centers. Some breaks can cause nerve damage and other complications down the line if not properly treated.  

Signs your toe is broken 

You may not know right away whether your toe is broken. Sprained, strained, stubbed, and bruised toes can be quite painful. If you heard a snap or breaking sound at the time of injury, however, that’s a good sign your toe is broken. 

Other signs of a broken toe include:

  • Throbbing pain
  • Bruised or discolored skin
  • Difficulty bearing weight
  • Toe appears crooked or mangled
  • Inability to move your toe
  • Swelling in the toe 

Your provider at Arlington/Mansfield Foot & Ankle Centers completes a full assessment, typically with an X-ray, to verify the break and evaluate the severity. 

When to be concerned

Most of the time, broken toes don’t lead to long-term complications or additional health problems. An untreated broken toe or one that resists healing, however, can cause trouble for you and your health.  

One key issue is infection. If the skin of your toe was cut or punctured at the time of the break, you have an increased risk of developing an infection. People with certain underlying medical conditions, like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and other immune system conditions, are also at higher risk of infection. 

If you notice any of the following symptoms, schedule an appointment right away as they may indicate a bone infection:

  • Toe is red and warm
  • Fever
  • Aches and fatigue
  • Pain that doesn’t get better

Bone infection isn’t the only cause for concern when it comes to broken toes. For example, any time you injure your big toe, it’s important to schedule an evaluation with your provider at Arlington/Mansfield Foot & Ankle Centers to ensure your toe heals properly.

Other reasons to be concerned about a broken toe include:

  • Having a medical condition that slows healing (e. g., peripheral artery disease; congestive heart failure; diabetes) 
  • The pain gets worse instead of better over time
  • The bruising and or swelling don’t improve
  • You have an open wound at the time of the break
  • You broke multiple toes
  • The skin on the toe changes color to blue or gray

Broken toes that don’t heal properly increase your risk of developing osteoarthritis or permanent nerve damage down the line. The right treatment with a foot and toe expert helps ensure your broken toe heals the right way so you can resume your normal activities without worrying about complications. 

If you think you have a broken toe, contact the experts at the Arlington/Mansfield Foot & Ankle Centers office nearest you for an evaluation. Correct diagnosis and treatment can save you trouble with your toes in the future!

Toe Fractures Can Be More Serious Than You Think

The structure of the feet is more intricate than you might think. Bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments all work together to allow us to do something we often take for granted: walk. And all these components must be in good working condition in order for us to do this simple act comfortably.

Achilles tendons overstretched? You got pain. Ligaments becoming overused? You got pain. Even a mere broken toe can keep you off your feet and hold you back from being active. And being that 19 out of the 26 bones in the feet are toe bones (phalanges) and metatarsal bones (the long bones in the midfoot), your chances of suffering a toe fracture are actually quite high!

When this happens, your best course of action will be to come to our office for proper diagnosis and treatment. Why? Let’s discuss this a bit further.

Simply put, a fracture is a break in the bone.

Fractures can be divided into two categories: acute fractures and stress fractures.

Acute fractures are more traumatic in nature. These breaks usually happen as a result of sudden physical trauma, such as stubbing the toe. (We all know that coffee table that always seems to be on the way, ready to snag a toe at its first opportunity – they can be more dangerous than you’d expect!)

Signs and symptoms of acute toe fractures include:

  • A snapping or popping sound at the time of the break.
  • Severe pain at the site of injury.
  • Crooked or abnormal appearance of the toe.
  • Bruising and swelling.

On the other hand, stress fractures are more subtle in nature. These come about as tiny, hairline cracks on the bone surface that are usually caused by repetitive stress. This is actually a common injury for athletes, especially those who ramp up their exercise routine too quickly without given their body time to adjust.

Stress fractures can also be caused by abnormal foot structure, deformities, or osteoporosis. Improper footwear may also lead to this painful condition.

Signs and symptoms of stress fractures include:

  • Pain during or after normal activity.
  • Pain that goes away when resting and returns when standing or during activity.
  • Pain at the site of injury when touching it.
  • Swelling, but no bruising.

Keep in mind that just because you are able to walk does not necessarily mean the toe is not broken. This notion of “if I can walk on it, it’s not broken” is simply not true, and a professional evaluation is definitely recommended to ensure the toe heals correctly.

You might have heard this before:

“There is nothing a doctor can do for broken toes.”

But the truth is, if a fractured toe or metatarsal bone is not treated correctly, serious complications can develop. And there is actually a lot we can do to put your toe back in place, and relieve any discomfort you may be experiencing. (But more on that in a bit.)

When you fail to get proper treatment for toe fractures, you risk:

  • Developing deformities in the foot structure, which may end up limiting your ability to move the foot or cause difficulty in fitting shoes.
  • Developing arthritis, which will also limit your ability to move the foot or cause difficulty in fitting shoes.
  • Developing severe and/or chronic pain.
  • Developing problems further up the kinetic chain, like ankle, knee, hip, and even back pain.

Even worse, once you finally do seek professional treatment, your condition may have become too severe to respond to conservative approaches, and surgery may be your only option to find the relief you need and deserve.

And we know you don’t want that, right?

The good news is treating a toe fracture doesn’t have to be hard.

Treatment will depend on the type and extent of the fracture. We will first evaluate the severity of your condition and, based on what we find, we will likely recommend one or more of the conservative treatment options below:

  • Rest. Sometimes rest is all that is needed to treat a fractured toe.
  • Avoiding weight bearing. Crutches or a wheelchair are sometimes required to offload weight from the foot to give it time to heal.
  • Splinting. The toe may be fitted with a splint to keep it in a fixed position.
  • Rigid or stiff-soled shoes. Wearing stiff-soled shoes protects the toe and helps keep it properly positioned.
  • Immobilization or casting. These may be used to protect the fractured bone while it is healing.
  • Buddy taping. This method may sometimes be appropriate to help keep the toe properly aligned.

Now, if the break is badly displaced or if the joint has been affected, we will then start to consider surgery. This approach usually involves the use of fixation devices, such as pins, to hold the toe joint in place.

If that becomes the case for you, we will discuss in depth what surgery looks like and what you can expect from recovery. We will provide thorough instructions for care following your surgical treatment, which will likely include physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises that will help you return to normal activities as quickly and as safely as possible.

So if you suspect you have suffered a toe fracture – or any other type of foot fracture, for that matter – don’t hesitate to give us a call. We have two convenient office locations ready to serve you:

  • Oklahoma City: (405) 947-8041
  • Enid: (580) 237-3338

If you prefer to reach us electronically, simply fill out our online contact form and a member of our staff will contact you shortly.

Signs of a Broken Big Toe | Canyon Oaks Podiatry

One of the most common misconceptions regarding podiatric health is that there is nothing that can be done about a broken toe. This belief has led many to simply tape the affected to the neighboring one and hope for the best. The truth is; all bone fractures should be examined by a trained professional. Without a proper treatment plan, a broken toe can heal incorrectly, which can lead to a slew of other painful conditions down the road.

Signs of a Broken Toe

As is the case with any bone in your body, the only accurate way to know if you’ve suffered a fracture is to get a proper x-ray. However, since x-rays tend to be expensive, many shy away from seeking medical attention, assuming that their toe is only sprained and will heal on its own.


While sprains are common, a few tell-tale signs can help indicate if a toe is actually broken. 


Limited range of motion – This is one of the most apparent indicators of a toe fracture. If you find that you are only able to bend or flex your toe partially (or you cant do so at all), you almost certainly have a broken toe.  


Severe swelling and bruising – Fractured toes will bruise and swell almost immediately the following trauma, followed by swelling and extensive discoloration. 


Persistent pain with no signs of improvement. – You can expect pain with any toe injury. However, if this pain doesn’t start to subside after a few days, you likely have a fracture.


While the signs of a broken big toe are often the most obvious to detect, these symptoms apply to all the other toes.

Should You See a Doctor?

If you know that you have broken your toe, you should absolutely seek advice from an experienced podiatric physician. Even with a small stress fracture, the damage can be worse than it appears on the surface.


Without proper treatment, further complications can quickly develop. For example, many patients report experiencing a build-up of scar tissue and arthritic pain following an avulsion fracture (when a small piece of bone connected to a tendon is pulled from the main bone structure.) to the big toe. 


In many cases, treatment is rather simple. If no extensive damage has occurred, your doctor will likely put your toe in a special splint or a cast to properly align the bones and prevent them from moving while they heal. However, in more severe cases, surgery may be required to repair any affected bone or connective tissue.


If you are still experiencing discomfort during the healing process, the Mayo Clinic recommends managing the pain with over the counter medications such as ibuprofen, or acetaminophen.  

Podiatric Care in Fresno, CA

The bones in your toes are among the smallest in your body, but when injured, they can bring you immense pain. If you suspect that you have broken a toe, don’t hesitate to seek treatment. At Canyon Oaks Foot and Ankle, our experienced doctors and therapists are among the best podiatrists in Fresno. For over 20 years, we have been treating foot fractures and know exactly what it takes to get you back on your feet as quickly as possible.  Click here to schedule an appointment today!

Five myths about broken bones

If it’s the metatarsal – the next bone up from the toe – that’s broken, fractures can still often heal without any kind of plaster as long as the foot is rested. This is because the bones on either side tend to hold each other straight, acting as a natural splint and in 80% of cases the bones remain in the correct place even when broken. But if there are wounds indicating an open fracture, or the bone won’t go into rightful position, it might need treatment. This is more likely in the bone below the big toe because it doesn’t have the support of the other bones holding it in place. Likewise, fractures of the bone below the little toe on the outside of the foot can sometimes require surgery or a cast.

Even if you don’t need a cast, it’s still worth getting broken toes treated. Once more serious fractures have been ruled out, staff can splint broken toes for you and dress them with soft padding. And they’ll know whether you might benefit from crutches for a week or two until you can put your weight on it comfortably. 

After a broken bone has healed, it’s stronger than it was before

This sounds too good to be true and, in the long-term, it is too good to be true. But there is some truth to it in the short term. While healing, a cuff or callous of extra-strong new bone forms around the fracture to protect it. So, it is true that a few weeks into healing process, the bone at the break is stronger than a normal bone. But eventually this cuff diminishes, and a few years later you’re left with a bone that might be as good as new, but is no stronger than the equivalent bones nearby.

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What Happens When a Toe Is Broken?

A broken toe can sometimes feel similar to a sprained or strained toe. You can break your toe by dropping something on it, stubbing it severely, or it can break as part of a larger injury. When a toe breaks, the bone bleeds. This may become visible under the toenail and eventually, a bruise may form on the skin. There will be swelling, and the toe may become misshapen if the bone is displaced or the joint is fractured as well. This is particularly troublesome if the break occurs in the big toe, which bears the weight of the body, making it difficult to walk. With proper care, broken toes typically take 2-6 weeks to heal. Healing can be especially difficult for people with diabetes, heart failure, or peripheral arterial disease.  If you have any pain in your toes, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.

Broken toes may cause a lot of pain and should be treated as soon as possible. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is a Broken Toe?

A broken toe occurs when one or more of the toe bones of the foot are broken after an injury. Injuries such as stubbing your toe or dropping a heavy object on it may cause a toe fracture.

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • Swelling
  • Pain (with/without wearing shoes)
  • Stiffness
  • Nail Injury

Although the injured toe should be monitored daily, it is especially important to have a podiatrist look at your toe if you have severe symptoms. Some of these symptoms include worsening or new pain that is not relieved with medication, sores, redness, or open wounds near the toe.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What to Know About a Broken Toe

Broken toe – Healthily

A broken toe is a common injury, usually caused by dropping a heavy object on the foot or hitting the toe on something. It usually takes four to six weeks to heal.

A break or a crack in a bone is also known as a fracture.

This advice is about the care of a toe following an injury. If you’re not sure whether the toe is broken or just badly injured, don’t worry – in most cases, a painful and swollen toe caused by an injury should be cared for at home, regardless of whether or not it is broken. Learn more about sprains and strains.

If you have a painful swollen toe but no injury, see your doctor, especially if you have diabetes.

How do I know if I’ve broken my toe?

A broken toe will be painful, swollen and red. There may be bruising of the skin around the area and sometimes a collection of blood beneath the toenail. You will find it difficult to walk and wearing a shoe will be painful.

If the break is severe, the toe may stick out at an angle.

Most broken toes can be cared for at home and medical treatment may not be necessary.

When to see your doctor

Check the toe every day and call your doctor if:

  • The pain gets worse or is not relieved by ordinary painkillers. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a stronger painkiller.
  • The swelling or discolouration doesn’t improve after a few days
  • You have a wound near the injured toe, which will need cleansing to prevent infection.

When to go to hospital

Go to your nearest accident and emergency if:

  • your toes are cold and numb or tingling (as you may have damaged the nerves)
  • the skin on your toe has turned blue or grey
  • you have severely injured the toe
Severe toe fractures

If the break is severe and bone has broken away at an angle, this will need to be moved back into place during a procedure known as a reduction.

You will be given an injection of local anaesthetic to numb the area and doctors can often realign the bone through the skin without making any cuts.

If a break is particularly severe, surgery may be needed so that special pins or screws can be fixed to the broken bone to keep it in place while it heals.

A broken big toe may need to be supported in a cast. If a lot of blood is trapped underneath the toenail and it is very painful, the blood will need to be drained through a small hole made in your nail, or the nail will need to be removed.

You may be given crutches so you can walk without putting weight on the toe.

A broken toe bone that has pierced the skin and damaged the surrounding tissue may become infected, so the wound will need to be cleansed regularly.

How to distinguish a bruised toe from a fracture?

Fractures and bruises of the fingers are considered one of the most common injuries. An open fracture or a fracture with displacement, of course, cannot be confused with anything. And in this case, it is necessary to give the bones the correct position, fix, treat the open wound and urgently seek medical help.

But it is rather difficult to distinguish a severe bruise from a fracture, since the painful sensations are actually the same.Moreover, some fractures sometimes hardly even hurt.

But there are certain signs that will help determine a finger fracture without an X-ray:

  1. Swelling of the tissue and the size of the hematoma. If there was a bruise of a finger, then bruises and swelling may appear even the next day, and with a fracture, severe swelling and hematomas appear in just a few minutes.
  2. The pain after injury is quite strong, but gradually subsides, and after the appearance of puffiness, the painful sensations return again, acquire an aching character, increase with movement, but will gradually decrease over several days. At the time of the fracture, a pronounced pain syndrome occurs, which can spread to nearby areas. If you very gently tap with your finger on top of the pads of the injured finger towards its base, then pain will be clearly felt at the site of the violation of the integrity of the bone.
  3. In the event of a fracture, the finger may assume an unnatural position, not move at all, be hot to the touch. After a bruise, in the first hours, the finger may also practically not move, but as soon as the intensity of the pain syndrome decreases, the movement will gradually recover.

To check if there is a fracture of a toe or not, an X-ray must be taken. This is the main diagnosis for various bone injuries.

The most important thing is that X-rays can be done in almost any clinic, emergency room and literally in a short time to get the result of the analysis. In addition, no preliminary preparation is required.

When carrying out such a diagnosis, an arm or a leg will need to be placed on a special support. Sometimes the image is taken with a load, that is, it is necessary to transfer the body weight to the leg under study.Most often, an X-ray of the toes is carried out in several projections.

What does a fracture look like on x-ray?

In the case of a large bruise, a slight darkening with uneven contours will be visualized on the image, and in case of a fracture, displacements of bone fragments will be visible.

90,000 Symptoms of bruised ribs, hands and other locations, treatment methods

Contusions: Signs and Treatment. Symptoms of rib bruises

Among all injuries, bruises occupy the first place in frequency.Often only soft tissues are damaged, bones are rarely affected, and critical consequences are usually not noted. However, sometimes treatment of a bruised knee can take several weeks, and a chest injury can lead to serious health problems.

Causes of bruising

Soft tissues are usually damaged when struck against a hard object or surface, although, for example, a bruise of the back and tailbone when falling into water from a great height is not uncommon. The severity of the injury depends on:

  • the hardness of the injured object;
  • force and speed of striking;
  • the size of the damage zone;
  • elasticity of tissues and peculiarities of their blood supply;
  • 90,011 age.

Signs of bruising

The main symptom is pain that occurs immediately at the moment of impact. A hematoma (accumulation of blood in tissues) may also form. The larger the hematoma, the stronger the pain due to compression of soft tissues and irritation of pain receptors.

Externally, a bruise is manifested by swelling at the site of impact. Where the subcutaneous tissue is more pronounced, edema will be more pronounced. An example is facial tissue – here hematomas are more pronounced. When feeling the place of injury, the patient feels a sharp soreness.With injuries of the limbs, their functions may be impaired.

Symptoms of bruised ribs include increased pain when breathing, coughing, laughing. The absence of a characteristic crunch when the ribs are compressed from both sides or in the anteroposterior direction does not yet indicate that there is no fracture. A severe bruise to the chest can cause other complications, such as damage to the heart or lungs. Then, disturbances in the activity of the heart or lungs come to the fore.

A form of contusion, in which the appointment of certain agents for treatment will be required – a contusion of the joint.In this case, hemorrhage can be not only in the periarticular tissues, but also in the joint itself. The phenomenon is called hemarthrosis, while the joint is enlarged, its contours are smoothed, and movements in it are difficult and painful.

Treatment of bruises

The general principles of treatment for bruises are the same. First of all, this is the rest of the affected area of ​​the body. On the first day, cold compresses are recommended for 2-3 hours with a half-hour break. This allows you to reduce the size of the hematoma, reduce edema, and improve microcirculation at the site of injury.

On the second day, UHF is prescribed, and as the severity of pain decreases – compresses, ozokerite and paraffin applications. It is possible to use agents that contribute to the resorption of hematoma – ointments with heparin, as well as electrophoresis with antibiotics or novocaine (with severe pain). Novocaine can also be used to perform a blockade if the use of conventional painkillers is not effective enough.

Hematomas after injury of large soft tissues are usually punctured with a thick needle, sucked off the blood with a syringe, after which antibiotics are injected into this place and a sterile pressure bandage is applied.If blood has entered the joint, it is also aspirated. After this procedure, a plaster cast is applied. With hemarthrosis, exercise therapy is also prescribed.

What not to do in case of bruises

On the first day from the moment of bruising, any local thermal procedures are absolutely contraindicated. Warming leads to the expansion of damaged vessels, increased bleeding from them, an increase in hematoma. The blood that is in the tissues, at too high a temperature, becomes a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic microbes, which often leads to the development of phlegmon (diffuse suppuration of soft tissues).

For the same reason, do not rub and massage a fresh bruise. In addition, if an injury results in a fracture that is not immediately recognized, the sharp ends of the fractured bone can damage soft tissues – including blood vessels and nerve endings.

Features of treatment for bruises of the hands

In this case, complete rest and elimination of the hematoma are important. The arm is immobilized with an elastic bandage, and, if necessary, a plaster cast is used. With a large hematoma, the blood is aspirated, a small one is treated with ointments that promote the resorption of accumulated blood.It is extremely important to prescribe massage of the injured hand and exercise therapy, otherwise contracture may develop – stiffness of the joints, which will lead to a decrease in a person’s working capacity.

Treatment of a bruised toe

It is carried out according to the general rules. On the first day, bed rest is desirable, in the future, gentle walking is allowed – so as not to step on the injured finger. Treatment for a bruised toe usually lasts no more than one week.

In case of severe bruises of the chest and abdomen, internal organs can also be damaged.Therefore, it is important to see a doctor as early as possible in order to avoid complications. You can find out more about treatment for bruises of the hand and other locations on our website Dobrobut.com. If, in the event of an injury, incomprehensible changes have developed in the tissues, immediately contact the emergency room.

Sick bone on the leg | Publications

The beauty of women has been of great importance at all times. Perhaps all modern men will agree with this, but what is there, even the classics of Russian literature mentioned this.However, it happens that the legs, or rather the feet, lose their beauty due to the “bone” protruding at the base of the big toe. It is important to understand how to deal with the thumb bone so as not to torment yourself with pain all your life.

A diseased “bone” (as deformity on the big toes is often called) is perhaps the most popular of the orthopedic problems, and mainly women are exposed to it. Statistics say that men are four times less susceptible to it. The cause of pain in the bone lies in the failure of the ligamentous apparatus – a congenital problem transmitted, mainly through the female line.

Why does the bone on the leg hurt?

It is necessary to figure out what is the root cause of the diseased “bone”. This is, surprisingly, flat feet. In a healthy person, the foot is concave. There are two concavities in total: the longitudinal concavity is located inside the sole, the transverse one is located near the base of the toes. When the ligaments and tendons cannot withstand the load, the foot becomes flat.

In the case of transverse flat feet, the metatarsal bones, instead of going parallel to each other, begin to fan out, and the toes diverge after them. What’s wrong with that, you ask? This becomes the reason for the appearance of a protruding bone: the big toe does not move outward, but, unlike its metatarsal bone, turns inward. As a result, the head of the metatarsal bone of the big toe begins to protrude from the joint, and we see a “bump” at the very base of the big toe – this is a visual manifestation of the “bone”.

Further, the bone deformity progresses. Why does the bone on the leg start to hurt? The contact of the protruding joint lump with the shoes provokes chafing, which ultimately becomes inflamed, and the person feels pain in the very bone on the toe.Further, bone-cartilaginous growth appears, and the bone sticks out even more. After some time, his neighbors begin to suffer from the pressure of the deformed thumb. They bend in the wrong position, are fixed in it, eventually acquiring an unnatural curved shape, pain appears in them too.

This leg disease is a serious problem, especially for women. The heaviness and pain in the feet is constantly felt, the ability to wear shoes and other elegant shoes disappears.

What is the treatment for the leg bone?

What to do if the bones on the toes hurt?

Many have asked this question. Let’s deal with him.

There are many methods of dealing with deformity of the thumb, including folk:

  • compresses,
  • iodine nets,
  • foot massage
  • warm foot baths with herbal decoctions and sea salt.

and others.

These remedies can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation, but they cannot cure the disease itself. The joint remains deformed, and the pain in the foot eventually returns. Only qualified orthopedic surgeons can truly cure this disease, and the cardinal treatment is bone surgery.

The first practice of surgical treatment of a diseased leg bone

At the beginning of the operation, treating a diseased bone was terrible.The orthopedic surgeon simply removed the protruding part of the bone. After a while, the disease appeared again, and in a more aggravated form, and the pain became even stronger.

The next step in the treatment was the Vreden operation, which was named after the person who created it – the famous Russian surgeon R.R. Harmful. During this operation, the patient experienced less pain. The method consists in completely removing the inflamed metatarsal bone on the big toe. As a result, the big toe ceases to be associated with the foot and rests only on soft tissues.Oddly enough, when everything heals, people feel relatively well, the pain disappears, and the ability to walk and lead a normal life returns. This practice still exists. It would seem that there is no need to further develop the treatment of a diseased bone, but medicine continued to progress.

Modern methods of removing a sore bone of the foot

In modern orthopedic operations, bone fragments are cut out and moved to remove the diseased bone and give the big toe the correct position.The finger is fixed with medical screws or knitting needles until the final fusion.

There is another treatment option – “closure” of the deformed joint. Orthopedic surgeons remove the cartilage completely and add the metatarsal bone to the first phalanx of the thumb in the correct position. As a result, the bone and pain disappear.

Considering the above, we can say that there has been a surgical revolution in the treatment of a diseased bone. The most important thing is that the attitude towards the problem and the very essence of the treatment have changed.If in the past a deformity of the thumb was considered a defect of one joint and its constituent bones, today an integrated approach is used in the fight against the bone.

Nowadays, orthopedic surgeons, even taking into account the operation, can rehabilitate a patient in one day. The next day, people already begin to walk on their own, albeit with more support on the heel and the outer edge of the foot, but without plaster and crutches. After two weeks, the stitches are removed, and after 1-1. 5 months, the patient returns to his usual way of life, but already without pain in the foot.

It can be said that there are practically no shortcomings in modern operations. Unfortunately, they are not made everywhere. There is a shortage of highly qualified surgeons and special, high-quality, and therefore expensive, equipment. The situation is the same in other countries, but at a much higher cost of leg bone surgery.

Are there alternatives to operation

with a sore big toe bone?

Not all people when asked “what to do if the bones on the legs near the big toe hurt” want to hear about the need for surgery.There are methods for relieving foot pain. True, if the problem is not addressed, the foot disease will progress. Help reduce pain and improve general condition

  • pain relievers,
  • Silicone foot and toe liners,
  • individual orthopedic insoles,
  • Night orthoses for fixing one or more fingers in the correct position,
  • selection of comfortable shoes with the help of an orthopedist.

It should be remembered that the deformity remains and the pain in the bone is relieved only temporarily.

What is bunion surgery?

It is still not entirely clear what to do if the bones on the legs near the big toe hurt? Let’s consider in more detail the operation to remove the diseased bone. Surgical intervention on the thumb bone is expressed in the correction of the angle between the metatarsal bones and the phalanges of the fingers.This allows you to return the big toe to its normal position, correct transverse flat feet, ultimately relieve pain and return the foot to its full function.

In each case, the operating plan may vary depending on the degree of leg deformity and associated changes in the other toes.

Preparation for bone surgery

At the initial consultation, the doctor will explain to you the surgical plan and tell you how to prepare your leg for surgery.

If the diseased bone on the leg is not too large, and there are no changes in the other toes that require intervention, the entire hospitalization will take only one day.

It is a good idea to prepare your home for the recovery period following surgery. You may want to rearrange the furniture to make it easier to walk. It is also advisable to stock up on food so that you do not have to go shopping, it will be uncomfortable given the pain in the finger.

Bone removal to relieve thumb pain can be performed under local or general anesthesia. If the operation is performed under local anesthesia, after a few injections at the level of the ankle, you will no longer feel your feet. Also, the operation can be performed under spinal anesthesia, in which the sensitivity will be completely absent in both lower limbs, which means that the patient will not feel pain.

Before any of these anesthesia, it is not recommended to eat for 6 hours before the planned operation.

Your surgeon will tell you what will happen before, during and after the operation. If you do not understand something, do not hesitate to ask. After you ask all your questions and receive an answer to them, you will be given a consent to carry out the operation on your leg.

What Happens During Bone Removal Surgery?

Surgery on a sore leg rarely lasts more than 1 hour, but still the duration depends on the degree of deformity.There are various options for the surgical treatment of the bone on the foot, using both open and percutaneous surgical techniques. With the closed method, artificial “fractures” called “osteotomies” are performed to restore the normal position of the bones in the foot. With the open method, an incision about 5-7 cm long is made along the inner surface of the foot, which allows you to accurately determine the required angle at which you need to operate and the degree of displacement of the bone fragments. If the surgeon is experienced, a closed osteotomy can be performed.Such procedures do not leave large scars and postoperative pain is usually less. But sometimes in such cases there may be incomplete correction of the deformity, delayed consolidation of osteotomies. It is also possible to combine closed and open methods, for example, surgery on 1 metatarsal bone is performed openly, and closed on small rays and phalanges.

What follows the bone removal surgery?

Immediately after surgery on the bone of the foot, you will be in the ward until the anesthesia is completely gone.Further, within two weeks, it will be necessary to bandage the foot. In the case of an osteotomy, you will need to wear special shoes that relieve the forefoot for 6 weeks, until the bone fragments are completely healed. Such shoes are called “Baruk’s shoes”.

90,000 Because of what the conscript will not be taken into the army – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

There is a hot time in the military registration and enlistment offices. From the recruits who have passed the necessary procedures, teams are formed to be sent to military service.But this is necessarily preceded by a medical examination of conscripts, and not all of them end happily.

What diseases most often become an obstacle on the way of children to the army? Can the health of young people affect their future place of service? What if the doctors at the military registration and enlistment office gave the young man a diagnosis with which he categorically disagrees? Andrei Datsko, deputy chief of the Main Center for Military Medical Expertise of the Russian Defense Ministry, answered these and other questions in an exclusive interview with the Rossiyskaya Gazeta correspondent.

Andrey Vladimirovich, teachers in schools often complain that young people are growing sick. And your colleagues say that the health of conscripts has improved significantly in recent years. Whom to believe?

Andrey Datsko: We must believe the facts. The final results of the recruiting campaigns indicate that the rate of eligibility for conscription is now 79 percent. This is significantly higher than it was five or six years ago, when up to a third of potential soldiers were released for health reasons.

Strictly speaking, it is incorrect to compare the health of schoolchildren and 18-year-old recruits from a medical point of view. Boys are studying at school, the formation of their bodies is still ongoing. There is a period of growing up, and some deviations in the physical condition of adolescents are found. They are detected during clinical examination at the place of residence and, if necessary, a course of treatment is prescribed.

And before the call-up, medical specialists study the results of medical examinations of young men for the entire period of their life.

For candidates for the Airborne Forces, the body weight should not exceed 90 kilograms, because the safe use of parachute systems is designed for just such a

And they decide whether they are suitable for the army, not military doctors, but their civilian colleagues, “attached” for the period of conscription to the military registration and enlistment offices.

Andrey Datsko: Quite right. The function of doctors in the military registration and enlistment office is only in the medical examination of conscripts. And their comprehensive examination is the competence of the civil medical organization.We understand that the guy must have been ill with something before, he could have been under the supervision of doctors for a long time in connection with some kind of illness. dispensaries, clinics, all medical information on future soldiers. That is, to know in advance with whom they will be dealing.

In addition, before a medical examination, conscripts are prescribed studies – fluorography, ECG, blood and urine tests, blood tests for HIV, markers of hepatitis B and C. Only after receiving and studying this information, the conscript is examined by specialist doctors at the military commissariat.

… And they put familiar, but very few understandable designations in the documents of the recruit from childhood – the letters A, B, C, D, D. Explain what kind of alphabet this is?

Andrey Datsko: This is the category of a person’s fitness for military service. If the letter “A” is indicated, it means that it is suitable without restrictions. Most often, this category is received by those conscripts who do not have any health problems.It is they who are sent to serve in the so-called elite troops, for example, the marines, airborne forces, special forces, and naval ships.

Children with category “B” have minor health limitations. In general, they are suitable for military service, but not in all types and branches of the military. They will not be sent to the Airborne Forces, but, for example, in terms of aviation support – completely.

The “B” category of fitness in the military ID indicates that its owner has limited fitness for military service. Usually, such a verdict to a young man is made by specialist doctors if he has serious illnesses, and the draft board exempts the conscript from military service.

With category “G”, the conscript is temporarily unfit for military service for health reasons. For example, due to a bone fracture, underweight or obesity, other diseases and injuries that require treatment or long-term examination. He is given a reprieve (usually from several months to a year), after which the guy again undergoes a medical examination.

And if there are no more deviations, the conscript is sent to serve in the army.

Category “D” is the heaviest.With her, a young man is once and for all released not from military service, but from the performance of military duty. This category includes, in particular, people with very low vision, blood diseases, severe disorders of the endocrine system, with a number of congenital diseases.

Doctors don’t decide whether to serve a guy or not. The last word rests with the draft board. And in the most controversial cases – in court

Does it happen that a person is changed the category of suitability, and in the end he still puts on a military uniform?

Andriy Datsko: Now this practice is spreading more and more, since in December 2017, in December 2017, citizens who were previously exempted from conscription for health reasons were granted the right to undergo a second medical examination.I would like to note that in recent years the very attractiveness of military service has significantly increased. The guys who five years ago, in order not to join the army, were looking for diseases in themselves and tried in every possible way to avoid being drafted, now they themselves ask to be in the ranks. Now, as a rule, it is not necessary to convince that it is in their own interests not to delay the examination and examination.

Can you give a specific example?

Andrey Datsko: There are conditions and diseases in which a conscript is not fit for the army for a certain period of time. For example, if he has a metal structure after a bone fracture. When a conscript refuses to remove her within one or two conscriptions, doctors are forced to recognize him as partially fit. But if a young man is focused on the service, has undergone a course of treatment, his bone has grown together and the doctors removed the metal structure, then now he can undergo a second examination. The suitability category is changed from “C” to “A” or “B”, he is ready for conscription service.

But it should be understood: not all diseases, for which citizens were previously exempted from service, will allow in the future to undergo re-examination and go to the army.The list of these diseases is rather limited.

Do you keep statistics on the most common ailments among conscripts?

Andrey Datsko: Do not even hesitate, we are conducting. It, by the way, does not change significantly. In this list, so to speak, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, including flat feet, are in the lead. But only guys who are diagnosed with the third degree of flat feet are exempted from service.

I will note that before the change in legislation, literally five years ago, they did not join the army with the second degree of flat feet and with arthrosis of the second stage.

But experts came to the conclusion that there is a very thin diagnostic line between this diagnosis and the third degree of flat feet. Corresponding adjustments were made to the disease schedule.

In the structure of musculoskeletal diseases of conscripts, scoliosis is distinguished, that is, curvature of the spine, which is already accompanied by pain and dysfunction of the spine.

And also – joint pathology. When such changes are revealed in young men, the road to the army is closed for them.But scoliosis and scoliosis are different. With the first or second degree of scoliosis without impairment of functions with minor restrictions, but you can serve as a conscript. Of course, not in the Airborne Forces, and the Marine Corps. And where there are less loads on the soldier’s body. For example, in the signal troops.

The scourge of our time is heart disease, which is getting younger and younger. Under what diagnoses is the path to the army ordered?

Andrey Datsko: Unfortunately, diseases of the circulatory system are quite common among conscripts.In particular, congenital heart defects and cardiac arrhythmias. But there are certain exceptions here too. In particular, associated with the identification of a bicuspid aortic valve. In principle, cardiologists consider this as a heart defect, but if it is compensated, the valve works correctly, then with such a diagnosis it is not prohibited to serve in the army.

If there is a hole in the interatrial septum of the heart and it allows blood to pass through, you cannot definitely serve with it. We cannot predict how the heart will behave under the stress that the guys are experiencing in the service.

Factors of military work in no case should lead to a deterioration in the state of health. The main thing here is not to harm a person.

Rarely, but 18-27-year-old boys are diagnosed with hypertension. Further there are diseases of the respiratory system, in particular, bronchial asthma. In the first “five” and diseases of the digestive system, including a stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer.

The so-called buffet has been introduced in the army, there is a dietary ration, and ulcers are not recruited into the service.Why?

Andrey Datsko: The food system and the rate of army rations are designed so that the body receives full-fledged food with the required amount of calories, vitamins, microelements, etc. But peptic ulcer itself is a rather serious disease, which is accompanied by formidable complications. This should not be allowed, therefore, ulcers do not go to serve unambiguously.

Many conscripts are interested in what restrictions for service are in terms of height, weight, vision.

Andrey Datsko: In the schedule of diseases there is such a concept – insufficient physical development. There, the lower threshold for growth is indicated at 150 centimeters. If the conscript is lower, he is not taken into the army. The road there is closed even if the body weight is less than 45 kilograms. In terms of vision, the upper limit permissible for service is “minus” 6 diopters inclusive.

It is important for doctors to understand how external data correspond to the health of a conscript. Is it normal when a guy with a height of more than two meters weighs only 50 kilograms? Perhaps this is due to endocrine disorders, improper functioning of the digestive system.Even if a person is harmoniously complex, with such growth and mass, it is more likely that he has a heart pathology.

Do you often encounter overweight conscripts?

Andrey Datsko: Happens. There is a special formula for determining body mass index. Children whose obesity has reached the third and higher degree do not go to military service. They take to serve with the first and second degrees, but in any case, before being drafted, an overweight conscript is examined for concomitant pathology.

There are restrictive norms for certain types and types of troops. For example, the body weight of candidates for the Airborne Forces should not exceed 90 kilograms, because the safe use of parachute systems is designed for just such a weight.

Now in height. For spetsnaz, the upper limit is 185 centimeters and not less than 170. Those who are not taller than 175 centimeters are sent to the tank troops, which is due to the ergonomics of crew seats in military equipment.

79 percent is today the fitness for military service according to the results of conscription campaigns.Five or six years ago, up to a third of potential soldiers were released due to health reasons

The conscript does not agree with the conclusions of the medical board of the military registration and enlistment office. Whom to complain to?

Andriy Datsko: Let’s clarify what kind of complaint we are talking about. If a person is not satisfied with the decision of the draft board of the municipality, namely, it makes the decision to send him to military service, he should contact the draft board of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. I also disagree with her verdict – then write a statement to the court.

Understand, doctors don’t decide whether to serve a guy or not. They only determine the category of its suitability for health reasons. The last word remains with the draft board – municipal, city, regional, regional, republican.

And in the most controversial cases – for the court. It is he who has the right to appoint an independent military medical examination or to accept its opinion for consideration.

But in the end, a control medical examination is still assigned by the draft board of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.


The call-up will be answered by phone

In the Main Organizational and Mobilization Directorate of the General Staff, a “direct telephone line” on issues of conscription begins to work. You can address your problems there every Tuesday and Thursday from 10 am to 12 pm Moscow time. Direct line phones: 8 (495) 498-96-96, 498-96-97, 498-96-98.

Paw fracture in a dog: symptoms, treatment and rehabilitation

It is sad to see your dog in pain.If you notice that she is limping, whining, squealing and in every possible way showing that she is in pain, you will probably want to do everything to calm her down and ease her suffering right here and now. But if she has a broken paw, trying to examine or treat her injury on her own can only make the situation worse. The veterinarian can better determine the severity of the injury and determine if a broken paw needs treatment.

Symptoms of a broken paw in a dog

It is easy to understand that a dog has an injured paw if it limps or refuses to walk at all.However, these signs do not necessarily indicate a fracture. Other signs that your dog’s leg may be broken are severe pain, swelling at the site of the fracture, and an unnatural paw position, according to VCA Hospitals. If your dog tries to walk, he will try not to step on the broken leg – instead, he will lift it off the ground. If you suspect that your pet may have a broken paw or other serious injury, it is best to take it to your veterinarian immediately rather than trying to take action on your own.

How to transport an injured dog

Transporting your pet to your veterinarian can be challenging. If not done correctly, you can exacerbate the injury or cause additional pain to the animal. If your dog is small, carefully carry him into the car, supporting his head and hips. If the dog is a larger breed and can walk on its healthy legs, help it maintain balance as it walks towards the car, and then gently help it climb inside.If your large dog cannot walk, you and a helper can lay him down on a blanket and carry him around like a sling. Once the dog is in the car, place it on the healthy side. When you reach the veterinary clinic, immediately inform the staff that you have an injured dog in your car and they will help you bring it inside.

Remember that an injured dog may be afraid or react aggressively to pain. This may cause her to behave differently, such as snarling at you or whining when you touch the injured area.Know that this is not serious – it just hurts her a lot. If she is particularly aggressive, you may need to ask for help to restrain her, or even wear a muzzle temporarily. Continue talking to her in a calm voice to reassure her that everything will be okay. Once she recovers, her behavior is likely to be the same. Otherwise, if her aggressive behavior persists after recovery and rehabilitation, it is advisable to consult with a veterinarian to find out if there are any other health problems requiring treatment.

Treatment of a broken paw in a dog

Your veterinarian will want to take an X-ray of the injured paw to make sure it is broken and determine the best treatment. Your dog may be given NSAIDs – a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug – to help relieve pain. Do not try to do this yourself, as many over-the-counter human medications are not suitable for animals. When making an appointment with your veterinarian, you may ask what you can do to relieve her pain before arriving at the clinic.If the paw is indeed broken, the doctor will discuss with you the best treatment option: simply set the leg and apply a cast or splint, or surgically repair the paw bones using pins or a plate. The best treatment for a fracture will depend on several factors, including the type and location of the fracture, and the dog’s age, which affects bone strength.

Preparing for possible injury

There is not much that can be done as first aid for a dog with a broken paw, but you can prepare in advance for this emergency:

  • Record the numbers of your regular veterinarian and 24-hour emergency veterinarian clinic so that you can quickly find them outside of office hours.
  • Keep the muzzle handy. Even the most affectionate dogs can sometimes bite when in pain.
  • If your dog is too big to carry in your arms, or if you do not have a vehicle, find out who you can turn to for help transporting it.

If you suspect your pet has a broken paw, stay calm. If you panic, he too will start to worry and fear – in addition to being in pain.The sooner your veterinarian examines the injury, the better your dog’s chances of healing.

Caring for a dog in the process of recovery

After your veterinarian examines your dog and determines if a paw is indeed broken, he will instruct you on how to care for your dog to help it get better. Most likely, he will prescribe a pain reliever and explain how to use it correctly. He will also instruct you on how to prevent your dog from aggravating the trauma when walking.Be sure to follow all of these guidelines to help your pet recover as quickly as possible. If you need to leave your dog at home for a long time (for example, if you have to go to work), you should lock him in a cage or in a room small enough to be comfortable there, but so that he cannot get up and walk. Your veterinarian may recommend that she wear a veterinary collar to prevent her from biting the cast or stitches after surgery.

She will need your help to go outside to the bathroom, so you may have to carry her in your arms to get her done.Her physical activity at this time will decrease, so in the process of recovery, she may gain excess weight. Your veterinarian may recommend specialized food for dogs recovering from an injury that is better suited to their temporarily sedentary lifestyle. The doctor may also recommend feeding her less to avoid the extra weight putting more pressure on the injured paw. Of course, you will want to give your pet a lot of treats while it hurts, but remember – for some time she will not be able to burn these extra calories as before.It can also negate the results of all your previous workouts if you give her a reward for nothing, so try to treat her only when she behaves well, for example, does her business.

Later, as your dog gets better and better, the cast and stitches will be removed. However, make sure your dog returns to normal life gradually. Follow your veterinarian’s instructions for walking and playing.You don’t want the paw to get hurt again, do you? Over time, you will begin to notice that your dog feels the same again as his mood changes. When your doctor permits, you can gradually resume training to burn off the excess weight that she may have gained during her forced inactivity.

A broken paw is not fun at all, and it can be hard for you to see your pet suffer. Just follow your veterinarian’s advice and continue to surround your dog with constant love – and both of you will overcome this challenge and become even closer to each other.

Contributor Bio

Jean-Marie Bauhaus

Jean-Marie Bauhaus is a writer and pet owner from Tulsa, Oklahoma, who maintains a pet blog under the watchful eye of a group of furry friends.

90,000 By the location of your toes, you can tell who your ancestors were

Scientists have found that by the location of the toes on the foot, you can recognize your ancestral affiliation. In the shape of toes and feet, genes express our roots and character traits. Curious to know who your ancestors were? Then take a look at the picture below and determine what type your foot belongs to.

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1. You are an Egyptian. The first, second, third, fourth toes and little toe follow in descending order. The owners of the Egyptian foot are credited with such traits as gentleness and emotionality, romance and gullibility.

2. You are German. The big toe on such a foot is the largest, the rest are of the same length. Such people are inherent in the desire for order and stability. The owners of the German foot know what they want, and they stubbornly achieve it.

3. You are a Greek. The second toe is longer than the big and third toes. They are followed in descending order by the fourth and little fingers. Owners of the Greek type of foot are credited with willfulness and ambition, independence and dedication.

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4. You are a Celtic. The largest toe is the second in a row, but the rest are almost the same length. Celtic blood flowing in you often pushes you to rash actions. The main differences are impulsiveness and stubbornness. There is also great willpower.

5. You are a Roman. All fingers are approximately the same length.The thumb is almost equal to the second, then in descending order, but without strong differences: the third, fourth, little finger. Naturals with the Roman type of foot are credited with straightforwardness, simplicity of character. People with a Roman foot are inherent in “obstinacy” and perseverance, it is these traits that help them achieve success.

Source: Mirror of Venus

90,000 Thumb Injuries: Protection and First Aid

When we talk about thumb injuries, we think most often about sprains of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb, which often happen in sports such as skiing, team ball games, especially volleyball.

The thumb is the most important finger of the hand. It allows you to adjust the strength of the grip from the weakest to the strongest. His movements allow his hand to act more accurately.

Ligament sprain is damage to the ligaments, from simple full force stretching to partial rupture of some fibers. In the case of the thumb, it is usually the internal lateral ligament that is affected when the finger is left at its maximum distance and pressure or impact is applied to it. In volleyball, this mechanism of injury occurs when receiving, defending, and less often when falling onto the arm.Thumb pain after playing volleyball cannot be ignored and X-rays must be taken to rule out a fracture. Sprain symptoms are pain in the area of ​​the ligaments, sometimes swelling, which may appear later, with or without a hematoma. Increased finger mobility may indicate an increased severity of the injury.

First steps after injury

• Stop the game.

• Apply ice and squeeze the affected area slightly to reduce pain and swelling.

• Try not to drop your hand.

• While awaiting consultation with your doctor, secure your finger with a bandage, splint or tape.


This is an important step to restore a stable and strong joint to your hand. It includes:

• The phase of immobility, which lasts depending on the severity of the injury, edema and inflammation.

• Restoration of the range of motion.

• The phase of strengthening the various muscles of the hand, which is carried out with the help of the other hand, varying the resistance.

• Development of the tweezers in conjunction with the other 4 fingers, first without resistance, and then with it.

• Work on global arm movements to bring back the technique needed for the sport.

• Resumption of training, while the player must be in a bandage or bandage.

Prior to this, the therapist must be satisfied with the condition of all joints of the thumb, and the finger must be included in all physiological axes up to the elbow. Secondly, it is necessary to adhere to the biomechanics of the entire upper limb.

Injury prevention

Prevention is better than cure, so pay attention to warm up and functional training y:

• Take your time, try to warm up all fingers separately and together (especially in winter, the cold makes the joints stiffer).

• Do push-ups on the floor or against a wall at your fingertips (an easier option for push-ups from the floor is to kneel).

• Play 2 tennis or other balls of the same size in your hands.

• Toss the ball with a partner, changing the height of the throw, the position of the hand and wrist (you can also throw the ball against the wall).

• Pull the power cord towards you first with your entire hand, then with your thumb and forefinger, thumb and middle, thumb and ring, and so on.

• Do push-ups with each hand on the ball and one leg raised. This exercise strengthens muscles and improves proprioception.

• Sitting on the floor with straight legs, raise yourself on your hands, balancing on your toes and legs.

• Standing with a partner in front of the net opposite each other, jump, hitting each other’s palms.

• Throw Medicine Ball ( Heavy Ball ) overhead.

• Do the same with the volleyball practice ball , tossing it with one hand, alternating between the left and right.

The list of exercises for Functional Training is expandable.

More and more players are bandaging their fingers, except for the thumb, as it is technically difficult to do.For the thumb, small ergonomic bandages are available that are quickly put on and are an excellent means of preventing thumb injuries, especially if such injuries have already occurred.

Written by Jean-Paul Andrea, physiotherapist for the French men’s volleyball team