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How to Get Rid of a Male Yeast Infection Fast

Yeast infections, though commonly associated with women, can happen in men too. Most male yeast infections occur on the penis, but could also extend to the groin. The most common cause of yeast infection in a male is the fungus Candida. There are over 150 species of Candida with Candida albicans being the most common cause of infections. Both men and women have small amounts of Candida naturally present on their bodies. Problems occur when the yeast multiply and overgrow in certain parts of the body. 

Having condomless sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, poor personal hygiene, excess moisture in the groin, and medical problems like diabetes can contribute to an overgrowth of Candida in men, causing redness and itchiness on the penis. When the inflammation and infection are on the head of the penis, it is called balanitis. Thankfully, most male yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter antifungal medications.

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Symptoms of a Penile Yeast Infection

Men with a yeast infection may not experience any symptoms or see any changes in the penile skin. The symptoms are common in uncircumcised males. Some of the symptoms that can occur with a penile yeast infection include:

  • Redness and inflammation at the head of the penis
  • Trouble pulling back the foreskin
  • Cracking or bleeding of the foreskin
  • Itchiness
  • White, foul-smelling discharge
  • Small rash-like bumps on the penis that may contain pus
  • Pain during urination (dysuria) or sex

Over-the-Counter and Prescription Treatments

Common topical (you apply it directly to the penis) treatments to treat penile yeast infections include ketoconazole and clotrimazole. These medications are applied directly on the affected part of the penis or foreskin. These treatments generally work over seven to 21 days. Refraining from sexual activity or masturbation is recommended to allow proper healing when using topical treatments.

Another common topical is nystatin, which can be used to treat a male yeast infection but may be less effective than the medications mentioned above. 

Preventing Male Yeast Infections

Obesity and diabetes are linked to an increased risk of yeast infections in men. Maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding diabetes are key to preventing male yeast infections.

Proper hygiene of the penis can also help prevent yeast infections. Daily hygiene tips for the penis include washing it carefully with warm water, avoiding the use of irritating soaps or gels, ensuring the penis is completely dry after washing, and avoiding excess moisture in the groin by wearing breathable underwear.

When to See a Doctor

If your OTC treatments don’t work or the infection recurs, it’s important to see your doctor for an evaluation and to rule out any underlying conditions that may be leading to recurrent yeast infections or undiagnosed cancers of the penis. If this is your first suspected yeast infection, you should see your doctor before self-diagnosing and self-treating. If the problem is directly related to a tight foreskin, a circumcision may be recommended. 

Why You Should Refrain From Sex

Although it’s more common for a man to contract a yeast infection through intercourse from a woman, it is possible for a man to give a woman his yeast infection. To avoid spreading it to your partner, avoid sex and make note of any symptoms they may be experiencing as well. It’s likely that both you and your partner may need to receive treatment to avoid passing it back and forth.

A Word From Verywell

Yeast infections are quite common even among men, and if treated early on, they do not pose any serious health risks. Over-the-counter medications and changes in hygiene practices may be able to help you get rid of your yeast infection quickly, but if they don’t work and your infection persists, contact your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. They may be able to prescribe a stronger medication that can help you get rid of your yeast infection.

Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

A yeast infection is a general name for an infection caused by a fungus. Yeast infections can affect many different areas of the body, including the mouth, skin folds, and genitals. A male yeast infection is a fungal infection of the groin, which can include the penis. Jock itch is the common name for this type of male fungal infection.

There are about 200 kinds of fungi that can cause disease in humans. Trichophyton is the most common one that causes jock itch. However, when talking about yeast infections, most people are referring to infections with Candida albicans—or Candida for short. Candida infections affecting the groin are somewhat uncommon in men. They are much more common in women.

Candida is normally present on the skin, along with other microorganisms. Your skin’s environment and your immune system usually keep these microorganisms in balance and in check. When something upsets this balance, a yeast infection can develop. In men, this is most likely to happen if you have diabetes, have a weakened immune system, or have sex with a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection.

One of the main male yeast infection symptoms is swelling and redness of the head of the penis. Balanitis is the medical term for this. You may also notice a thick, white substance in the skin folds on the penis. Balanitis from a yeast infection is more common in uncircumcised men than in those who are circumcised.

Male yeast infection treatment usually consists of over-the-counter topical antifungal creams. Sometimes, a prescription oral antifungal is necessary to clear the infection if topical treatment fails. In uncircumcised men, recurrent or chronic yeast infections can be a reason to consider circumcision.

Male yeast infections rarely lead to serious problems or complications. However, you should contact your doctor if you have symptoms of a yeast infection that don’t improve with a week of treatment or if symptoms return after treatment.

Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

A yeast infection is a general name for an infection caused by a fungus. Yeast infections can affect many different areas of the body, including the mouth, skin folds, and genitals. A male yeast infection is a fungal infection of the groin, which can include the penis. Jock itch is the common name for this type of male fungal infection.

There are about 200 kinds of fungi that can cause disease in humans. Trichophyton is the most common one that causes jock itch. However, when talking about yeast infections, most people are referring to infections with Candida albicans—or Candida for short. Candida infections affecting the groin are somewhat uncommon in men. They are much more common in women.

Candida is normally present on the skin, along with other microorganisms. Your skin’s environment and your immune system usually keep these microorganisms in balance and in check. When something upsets this balance, a yeast infection can develop. In men, this is most likely to happen if you have diabetes, have a weakened immune system, or have sex with a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection.

One of the main male yeast infection symptoms is swelling and redness of the head of the penis. Balanitis is the medical term for this. You may also notice a thick, white substance in the skin folds on the penis. Balanitis from a yeast infection is more common in uncircumcised men than in those who are circumcised.

Male yeast infection treatment usually consists of over-the-counter topical antifungal creams. Sometimes, a prescription oral antifungal is necessary to clear the infection if topical treatment fails. In uncircumcised men, recurrent or chronic yeast infections can be a reason to consider circumcision.

Male yeast infections rarely lead to serious problems or complications. However, you should contact your doctor if you have symptoms of a yeast infection that don’t improve with a week of treatment or if symptoms return after treatment.

Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

A yeast infection is a general name for an infection caused by a fungus. Yeast infections can affect many different areas of the body, including the mouth, skin folds, and genitals. A male yeast infection is a fungal infection of the groin, which can include the penis. Jock itch is the common name for this type of male fungal infection.

There are about 200 kinds of fungi that can cause disease in humans. Trichophyton is the most common one that causes jock itch. However, when talking about yeast infections, most people are referring to infections with Candida albicans—or Candida for short. Candida infections affecting the groin are somewhat uncommon in men. They are much more common in women.

Candida is normally present on the skin, along with other microorganisms. Your skin’s environment and your immune system usually keep these microorganisms in balance and in check. When something upsets this balance, a yeast infection can develop. In men, this is most likely to happen if you have diabetes, have a weakened immune system, or have sex with a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection.

One of the main male yeast infection symptoms is swelling and redness of the head of the penis. Balanitis is the medical term for this. You may also notice a thick, white substance in the skin folds on the penis. Balanitis from a yeast infection is more common in uncircumcised men than in those who are circumcised.

Male yeast infection treatment usually consists of over-the-counter topical antifungal creams. Sometimes, a prescription oral antifungal is necessary to clear the infection if topical treatment fails. In uncircumcised men, recurrent or chronic yeast infections can be a reason to consider circumcision.

Male yeast infections rarely lead to serious problems or complications. However, you should contact your doctor if you have symptoms of a yeast infection that don’t improve with a week of treatment or if symptoms return after treatment.

Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

A yeast infection is a general name for an infection caused by a fungus. Yeast infections can affect many different areas of the body, including the mouth, skin folds, and genitals. A male yeast infection is a fungal infection of the groin, which can include the penis. Jock itch is the common name for this type of male fungal infection.

There are about 200 kinds of fungi that can cause disease in humans. Trichophyton is the most common one that causes jock itch. However, when talking about yeast infections, most people are referring to infections with Candida albicans—or Candida for short. Candida infections affecting the groin are somewhat uncommon in men. They are much more common in women.

Candida is normally present on the skin, along with other microorganisms. Your skin’s environment and your immune system usually keep these microorganisms in balance and in check. When something upsets this balance, a yeast infection can develop. In men, this is most likely to happen if you have diabetes, have a weakened immune system, or have sex with a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection.

One of the main male yeast infection symptoms is swelling and redness of the head of the penis. Balanitis is the medical term for this. You may also notice a thick, white substance in the skin folds on the penis. Balanitis from a yeast infection is more common in uncircumcised men than in those who are circumcised.

Male yeast infection treatment usually consists of over-the-counter topical antifungal creams. Sometimes, a prescription oral antifungal is necessary to clear the infection if topical treatment fails. In uncircumcised men, recurrent or chronic yeast infections can be a reason to consider circumcision.

Male yeast infections rarely lead to serious problems or complications. However, you should contact your doctor if you have symptoms of a yeast infection that don’t improve with a week of treatment or if symptoms return after treatment.

Male Yeast Infection (Candida Balanitis)

Prevalence of Candidal Balanitis, a Yeast Infection of the Penis

Candida yeasts are responsible for 30 to 35 percent of all cases of balanitis, according to a report published in the journal Clinical Microbiology Reviews. (4)

Other infectious sources of balanitis include streptococci and staphylococci bacteria, Herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus, and a sexually transmitted bacterium called Mycoplasma genitalium. (5)

But candida balanitis is not well studied, so it’s unclear how many men the illness affects each year (though it’s thought to be a rare condition).

Various Candida species, most notably C. albicans, live in the gastrointestinal tract and other warm areas of the body without causing illness (they only cause issues when they’re present in large numbers). (4)

In fact, about 20 percent of women have Candida living in their vagina and don’t experience any yeast infection symptoms, according to a report published in the journal The Lancet. (1)

Candida is commonly found on the penis, with studies suggesting that 16 to 26 percent of men carry the yeast. About 37 percent of men with Candida experience no symptoms, while 27 percent of them develop balanitis, according to a study of new attendees to a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases. (6)

Causes and Risk Factors of Candidal Balanitis or Penile Yeast Infection

Unlike with vaginal yeast infections, penile yeast infections are usually sexually acquired — when a man has sex with someone who has a yeast infection.

But candidal balanitis isn’t considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD) because men can get the infection without having sex.

There are several risk factors that increase a man’s risk of getting a penile yeast infection, including:

  • Antibiotics, which kill the “good” bacteria that keep Candida‘s numbers in check
  • Immune-suppressing illnesses, particularly HIV
  • Diabetes mellitus (aka diabetes)
  • Corticosteroids

Additionally, Candida yeast colonization and infection are more common among men with uncircumcised penises than men with circumcised penises (the warm, moist environment underneath the foreskin promotes yeast growth). (6)

A study published in the Journal of European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology found that candidal balanitis was strongly associated with age over 40 years and diabetes mellitus. And men older than 60 years were more likely to have Candida colonization. (7)

Hygiene may also play a role in candidal balanitis development.

Washing with perfumed shower gels and soaps can irritate the skin, potentially helping Candida multiply. (8)

Symptoms of Male Yeast Infections (Candidal Balanitis)

Common symptoms of candidal balanitis include:

  • Burning and itching around the head of the penis, which worsens after having sex
  • Redness and swelling
  • Small, rash-like bumps called papules, which may have pus
  • Pain during urination or sex

If you have candidal balanoposthitis, you may also have:

  • A thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskin
  • An unpleasant odor of the foreskin
  • Difficulty pulling back your foreskin

Men with diabetes may experience more severe symptoms, including fluid buildup and ulceration of the penis, as well as fissuring of the foreskin.

Complications with balanitis are rare, but may include an inability to retract the foreskin, cellulitis (inflammation of connective tissue beneath the skin), and a narrowing of the urethra that makes urinating difficult. (6,9)

Treating Penile Yeast Infections (Yeast Infection in Men)

Like vaginal yeast infections, penile yeast infections are easily treated with antifungal drugs called azoles.

There are a number of over-the-counter and prescription-based topical medicines available, including:

In some cases, these drugs may be combined with hydrocortisone to reduce marked inflammation.

Importantly, topical oil-based medication cannot be used with latex condoms.

Alternatively, an oral azole medication called Diflucan (fluconazole) is effective for yeast infections.

If the topical or oral treatments don’t work, make sure to see your doctor, as you may have another kind of balanitis or an infection by a Candida species resistant to azole antifungals. (6,10)

Thrush in men symptoms & treatments – Illnesses & conditions

Thrush is a yeast infection caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. Both men and women can get thrush, though it is more often associated with women.

The medical term for thrush is candidiasis.

What it looks like

In men, it usually affects the head of the penis – causing irritation, discharge and redness. 

Read more about the symptoms of thrush

It can also affect the skin, known as candidal skin infection, and the inside of the mouth, known as oral thrush.

Should I see a doctor?

If you suspect thrush for the first time, it’s best to see a doctor for a diagnosis. This is because the symptoms can be similar to those of a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Your GP will be able to tell the difference.

If you’ve had thrush before and you recognise the symptoms, you can treat it yourself with over-the-counter medication.

You should also visit your GP if you have a weakened immune system and you have thrush.  This is because there is a risk that a thrush infection could progress to a more serious case of invasive candidiasis. Read our page on the complications of thrush for more information about invasive candidiasis.

Treating and preventing thrush

You can treat thrush without prescription medications. For thrush affecting your penis, ask your chemist for clotrimazole cream or a tablet called fluconazole. For thrush infections in your groin or elsewhere, the chemist can supply a cream.

It’s possible for thrush to spread during sex, but it’s not an STI. However, both sexual partners may need thrush treatment to prevent re-infection. Re-infection from a female partner is common. Seek advice from a pharmacist or your GP.

However, not all cases are caused by sex, and many cases develop in men and women who are not sexually active.

Read more about treating thrush

You can help prevent thrush by cleaning your penis regularly and using a condom while having sex with your partner (if they have thrush).

Avoid using perfumed soaps or shower gels on your genitals, as they can cause irritation. Make sure you dry your penis properly after washing.

Wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear can help prevent moisture building up under your foreskin, which lowers the chances of the candida fungus multiplying. 

What causes thrush?

The fungus candida albicans occurs naturally in your body, particularly in warm, moist areas, such as inside the mouth and around the genitals.

It does not usually cause problems because it is kept under control by your immune system (the body’s natural defence against illness and infection) and other types of bacteria in the body.

However, certain conditions can cause the fungus to multiply and lead to infection. You are more likely to be at risk of thrush if:

  • you have a weakened immune system
  • are obese, with large rolls of skin (an environment where fungi can often thrive)
  • have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes – as the high levels of glucose associated with diabetes can encourage the fungus to breed; people with diabetes also tend to sweat more, creating a perfect breeding environment for the fungus

Read more about what causes thrush in men

Treatment of genital infections

Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases that are most often transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse. Today, instead of the term “sexually transmitted diseases”, they usually use the broader concept of this group of ailments – infections or sexually transmitted diseases (STIs, STDs).

Ways of spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

In terms of the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, in modern society occupy the second place, second only to colds.Almost any person can be infected with sexually transmitted diseases, and gender, nationality, age do not play any role, as well as the social status of the patient.

The mucous membranes of the urethra, genitals, anus are an ideal habitat for pathogens of genital infections: viruses, fungi, bacteria, which also have high adaptability and the ability to reproduce rapidly. With the lymph flow and blood flow, pathogens enter other tissues and organs, affecting not only the genitourinary system.

Sexually transmitted diseases: classification and nature of the course

Modern venereology knows more than 20 sexually transmitted infections, the causative agents of which are: protozoa, viruses, bacteria, arthropods and yeasts.

All sexually transmitted diseases are classified into:

Classic venereal diseases – gonorrhea, syphilis, lymphogranuloma venereum.
These STIs are examples of the most dangerous classic sexually transmitted diseases. They are very difficult to treat and can have dire consequences for the body. Despite the fact that the cultural development of society has stepped far forward, it is sexually transmitted diseases that are most often epidemic in nature.

Sexually transmitted diseases affecting the genitourinary system – trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, gardnerellosis, genital herpes, candidiasis and a number of other diseases affecting the genitourinary system.
This whole group is united by the latent nature of the course of the disease. In addition, diseases from this group tend to coexist in the body of one patient of several types of pathogens. This specificity is fraught with the development of a neglected intractable stage, despite the seeming ease of each individual disease. That is why sexually transmitted diseases of the second group are no less dangerous to health than classic sexually transmitted infections.

Sexually transmitted diseases affecting other human organs – hepatitis of various groups, AIDS and cytomegalovirus infection.
Despite the fact that these infections predominantly have a sexual route of spread, they mainly affect other systems of the body and its individual organs. So AIDS destroys the immune system, and hepatitis affects the liver. When these most dangerous diseases are found in patients, they in most cases fall into despair. But this should not be done in any case. Modern venereology has achieved great success and continues to develop, and today there are very, very many examples of a long, full-fledged life of people, even with such serious ailments.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): symptoms and complications

The specificity of the course of most genital infections is such that they do not have pronounced symptoms and are exacerbated only during the period of decreased immunity.

Experts recommend that you must be examined by a venereologist for STIs: if you have had unprotected casual sex, regardless of its nature – oral, anal, vaginal; if one of the sexual partners is diagnosed with urogenital infections, then the second certainly needs to be examined.

The following symptoms are the reason for an immediate visit to a venereologist:

– a feeling of cramps, burning, pain, itching in the urethra;

– the appearance of pathological discharge from the genitourinary tract;

– rashes in the genital area and on the trunk;

– enlargement of the lymph nodes.

Remember that most sexually transmitted diseases are curable if you consult a specialist in a timely manner.Attempts to self-medicate or untimely access to a doctor are fraught with the development of a neglected form of sexually transmitted diseases, and sometimes can lead to general damage to the whole organism.

Both men and women often have complications after previous sexually transmitted diseases, which often lead to serious consequences:

– infertility;

– the development of chronic inflammation of the genitourinary system;

– sexual dysfunction;

– the occurrence of malignant neoplasms.

In addition, since urogenital infections are often manifested in inflammation of the mucous membranes, the likelihood of HIV transmission from one sexual partner to another significantly increases.

Modern venereology: methods of diagnosis and treatment of STIs

Modern venereology uses advanced methods of diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). So in laboratory diagnostics, highly effective and specific methods are used: microscopic and bacteriological studies, DNA and PIF diagnostics.Diagnostic procedures are widely used: ultrasound, colposcopy, cystoscopy, urethroscopy.

Venereologists are not alone in their fight against STIs – they are actively helped by geneticists, virologists, bacteriologists, microbiologists, biochemists, who generously share their latest developments and the latest methods of treating infections. We can say without false modesty that today venereology has achieved tremendous results in the treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

Physicians very often use complex treatment of venereal diseases, combining physiotherapeutic, enzyme immunoassay and antibacterial methods of exposure.

Timely access to a doctor and competently prescribed treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) will help to avoid complications and relapses of the disease, significantly reduce the cure time.

Gynecology, dermatology and urology are related fields of medicine with venereology, and in turn are also involved in the diagnosis and treatment of STIs.

Psychological aspect in venereology

Sexually transmitted diseases are a serious social and psychological problem.In the minds of an ordinary member of society, they are presented as something shameful. But you cannot condemn a person for being sick. There are no “shameful” diseases. Much more dangerous are prejudices that force people to resort to self-medication and thereby condemn themselves to prolonged torment and harmful consequences for the whole organism. Therefore, if you or your loved ones have any suspicions of having an STI, you should immediately consult a doctor. Only he will prescribe the correct treatment that will help return the patient to a full life.

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Candidiasis is a disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida, mainly Candida albicans.Candidiasis is an infectious disease, the causative agent of which is a yeast-like microorganism belonging to the genus Candida (usually Candida Albicans, Candida non-albicans, Candida tropicalis). For most people, it habitually lives on the skin, in the mouth, intestines, vagina, without causing trouble, as it is part of the normal microflora of the human body. Rather, a conditionally pathogenic member of this community. If there is a natural balance between representatives of the microbiological environment, Candida does not manifest itself in any way.Contents: Causes and provoking factors. Candidiasis is a lesion of the mucous membranes and skin caused by yeast-like fungi such as Candida, which affects both men and women. The reason for the development of candidiasis can be both the introduction of this fungus from the outside, and the activation of its own candida, which normally live on the surface of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract and genitals in small quantities. Depending on this, the diagnosis of this infection and further treatment of candidiasis are built.The main causes of candidiasis. Infection with fungi during sexual intercourse. Nipple candidiasis is common in women who are breastfeeding. At the same time, in the area of ​​the areola of the nipple, red rashes of irregular shape appear, flaky, sometimes cracks can form. Scalp candidiasis. The hair itself is not affected by fungi of the genus Candida, and changes in the scalp are similar to the manifestations of seborrheic dermatitis. Candidal balanoposthitis is characterized by damage not only to the mucous membrane, but also to the skin of the penis.Candidiasis is a disease caused by a fungus of the genus Candida. This fungus is present in the vagina of the vast majority of women. In developed countries, candida spores are recognized as conditionally pathogenic flora. That is, the presence of traces of this fungus in the analyzes is not an indication for treatment if there are no accompanying symptoms. The female vagina contains an uncountable number of microorganisms. Suppositories for the treatment of fungal vulvovaginitis have ketoconazole as the active substance. This substance stops the vital activity of not only fungi, but also some bacteria, including staphylococcus and streptococcus.The substance helps well with primary infections. Candidiasis is an infectious disease caused by yeast-like fungi belonging to the genus Candida. Candida enters the normal microbial flora of the body even in perfectly healthy people and multiplies without causing any harm. When favorable conditions appear, the fungus begins to multiply and provokes the development of various disorders. Candidiasis includes various types of infections, ranging from the most superficial to the systemic level.Superficial infections with Candida are responsible for local inflammation, which is often associated with severe discomfort. Candidiasis is a fungal disease that mainly affects the skin and mucous membranes, less often internal organs. There are candidiasis of the respiratory, digestive, genitourinary systems. With a sharp weakening of immunity, generalized candidiasis (candidal sepsis) may develop. In women, there is a lesion of the external genital organs and the vagina. Without timely treatment, candidiasis takes on a chronic recurrent course.Development of genital candidiasis. Manifestations of candidiasis in women. Manifestations of candidiasis in men: Generalized form of candidiasis. Diagnosis of genital candidiasis. Treatment of genital candidiasis. Treatment prices. Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus that causes yeast infections. Other candida is sometimes the cause, but the standard treatment is usually against Candida albicans. Infection with other types of fungi is more difficult to treat and requires more aggressive therapy.A yeast infection can occur after some sexual activity, especially during oral-genital intercourse. However, candidiasis is not considered a sexually transmitted infection, as it can develop even in sexually inactive women. Risk factors. Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include: Antibiotic therapy. The development of candidiasis Candidiasis is a disease of fungal etiology that affects the skin and mucous membranes, the pathology is caused by the multiplication of Candida fungi in the body against the background of suppressed immunity.Depending on the localization of the disease, candidiasis of the oral cavity, skin, intestines, as well as genital and generalized candidiasis are isolated. Long-term absence or ineffectiveness of treatment leads to the transformation of the disease into a chronic form. Prevention for women. Women should also adhere to the following recommendations to prevent the disease. For a start, it is worth giving up casual sex and using contraceptives. The leading position among them is held by candidiasis Candidiasis of the genital organs.In women, conditionally pathogenic microorganisms of the genus Candida are constantly present in the vagina, and normally do not manifest themselves in any way. But under the influence of unfavorable factors, their number increases, and then a woman develops candidiasis or thrush. Usually, burning and itching in the genital area of ​​the male organs is felt 2-3 hours after contact. However, after a couple of days, the symptoms subside or disappear completely before the next sexual intercourse.

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Colpitis (symptoms, treatment, diagnosis) – Avicenna

Colpitis – inflammation of the vaginal mucosa or vaginitis. This is one of the most common diseases among women of predominantly reproductive age.

The causative agent of colpitis can be chlamydia, mycoplasma, streptococcus, staphylococcus, Haemophilus influenzae and other infections. The disease develops due to violations of the natural microflora of the vagina. If a woman is healthy, then the vaginal flora consists mainly of sticks that produce lactic acid, which has a destructive effect on various microbes.

Factors conducive to the development of colpitis:

  • sexually transmitted infections
  • other infectious diseases
  • mechanical damage to the vaginal mucosa
  • nutritional disorders of the mucous membrane
  • endocrine system diseases
  • long-term use of antibiotics
  • condom, suppositories, ointments, etc.
  • non-observance of personal hygiene rules

Symptoms

Colpitis are divided into specific and non-specific. Specific colpitis is caused by genital infections. Symptoms of specific colpitis: the walls of the vagina are swollen, velvety, bleeding when touched. Nonspecific colpitis is an infectious and inflammatory disease of the vagina caused by the action of opportunistic microorganisms (Escherichia coli, streptococci, staphylococci, etc.)). Nonspecific colpitis is accompanied by mucous and purulent discharge.

Symptoms of acute colpitis:

  • mucopurulent discharge
  • itching and redness of the external genital organs
  • pain in the lower abdomen
  • pain during intercourse and urination
  • deterioration of the general state of health1 of the vaginal mucosa
  • 9017 is usually caused by mycoplasma or ureaplasma. This can lead to miscarriage and infection of the fetus.

    Yeast colpitis or candidal colpitis is a thrush. Read about the symptoms and treatment of thrush in the article “What is thrush? Causes of thrush. ”

    Atrophic and cyanotic (senile) colpitis occur mainly against the background of a pronounced decrease in the hormonal function of the ovaries and thinning of the vaginal mucosa.

    Consequences

    If the inflammation of the vaginal mucosa is not treated, then the inflammatory process can go to the cervical canal, uterus, appendages, etc.d, which in turn leads to endometritis, cervical erosion and infertility.

    Treatment

    Treatment of colpitis – therapy aimed at eliminating predisposing factors for the development of the disease, treatment of concomitant diseases, taking into account clinical manifestations.

    Treatment of colpitis includes:

    • antibacterial therapy
    • physiotherapy
    • preparations for general strengthening
    • adherence to a diet

    For local treatment are prescribed: douching, antimicrobial suppositories and ointments, ointment applications, vagina. local hormone therapy (according to indications).

    Antibiotic therapy is prescribed only after determining the sensitivity of the pathogen to antibiotics. Many drugs have contraindications for pregnancy and lactation. These include such popular drugs as Betadine (contraindicated starting from 3 months of pregnancy), Nolitsin, Dalatsin, Clindacin cream, etc. At the same time, Pimafucin, Terzhinan, Vagotil and many other antiseptics have no contraindications for pregnant women. But be careful not to self-medicate.Even douching with chamomile should not be overused, as this can negatively affect the natural microflora of the vaginal mucosa.

    Prevention of colpitis consists in a timely visit to a doctor when the first symptoms of the disease appear and in observing the rules of personal hygiene.

    In Simferopol gynecologists of the AVICENNA medical center carry out successful treatment of colpitis using modern highly effective methods of treatment that meet international standards for the treatment of this pathology. You can get an initial consultation and make an appointment with a gynecologist at the AVICENNA MC in Simferopol by clicking on the above link.

    causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods on the website “Alpha Health Center”

    Fungal infection that affects the mucous membrane of the genitourinary system. Symptoms are profuse leucorrhoea, itching and burning in the vulva, painful urination.

    Candidiasis is an inflammatory disease of the mucous membranes caused by fungal microorganisms of the genus Candida.The characteristic signs of vaginal candidiasis are white, cheesy plaque on the mucous membrane, therefore the name thrush is often used. Exacerbation attacks occur several times in 70-75% of women of reproductive age and are one of the most frequent reasons for contacting a gynecologist.

    Causes and symptoms of vaginal candidiasis

    The causative agent of thrush is a microscopic yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida. In 80-90% of cases, it is a species of Candida albicans, although there are about 20 other species of this genus. Candida is a conditionally pathogenic fungus that normally lives in the human body. Infection with them occurs even in utero or during childbirth. Natural suppression of the activity of fungi is provided by lacto- and bifidobacteria in the microflora of the vagina. Signs of vaginal candidiasis can be encountered with a decrease in immunity and from external factors. Mushrooms begin to multiply actively and cause inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Nails, skin are affected, white plaque can be in the mouth or genitals (the most common manifestation in women).The inflammatory reaction is explained by a change in the pH-level of the mucous membrane and the immune response to the entry into the blood of the waste products of microorganisms.

    Lead to exacerbation:

    • pregnancy – fungal growth occurs in a third of women, due to increased acidity of the vagina and hormonal changes;
    • taking antibiotics and hormonal drugs with estrogens, chemotherapy;
    • stress;
    • infectious diseases, immunodeficiencies, diabetes mellitus;
    • mucosal injuries during gynecological manipulations during childbirth;
    • infection with atypical fungi – Candida tropicalis or others;
    • unbalanced nutrition;
    • synthetic, tight underwear.

    Typical symptoms of vaginal candidiasis are:

    • copious white discharge;
    • itching, discomfort in the genitals;
    • soreness of intercourse, urination;
    • reddened, edematous mucous membrane of the vulva.

    Manifestations may increase in heat, subside in chronic course (after 7-10 days of the acute phase). In this case, relapses can occur 3-4 times a year, provoking the appearance of other infections on the inflamed mucosa.

    How to treat vaginal candidiasis

    Diagnostics is carried out by a gynecologist. A preliminary diagnosis can be made according to the patient’s complaints and external signs that are noticeable during a gynecological examination. For accurate diagnosis use:

    • microscopic examination of secretions to assess the number of microorganisms and the degree of inflammation;
    • Bacterial inoculation of secretions to identify the type of pathogen and its sensitivity to drugs.

    For the treatment of vaginal candidiasis apply:

    • antifungal, antimicrobial drugs;
    • antibiotics;
    • glucocorticosteroids for complex therapy;
    • local douching.

    The doctor will prescribe the scheme of how and how to treat vaginal candidiasis. An integrated approach is required to relieve inflammation, normalize microflora, cure concomitant diseases, causes of relapses.

    Treatment of vaginal candidiasis by alternative methods will not give a result. They are suitable for strengthening the immune system, relieving the symptoms of inflammation, but they do not affect the fungus itself in any way. With an exacerbation of thrush, attention is also paid to diet. Sweets, alcohol are excluded from the diet, the amount of fruits, vegetables, lactic acid products is increased.

    90,000 emphasis on the topical forms of sertaconazole “Medvestnik

    The causative agents are microscopic yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida – unicellular eukaryotes 8–20 µm in length and 6–10 µm in width of round, oval, cylindrical, ellipsoidal forms, forming blastomycetes, pseudohyphea and pseudohyphea . .. Pseudomycelium has the ability to penetrate deep into 4–6 layers of the epithelium, which allows fungi to resist the natural defense factors of the macroorganism and survive against the background of nonspecific sanitation of the vagina.They are conditional pathogens, facultative anaerobes with their inherent tropism towards tissues rich in glycogen (vaginal mucosa). Currently, more than 200 biological species of yeast-like fungi have been described, among which in 90% of cases of vulvovaginal candidiasis, the causative agent is Candida albicans, among Candida non-albicans, the most common causative agents are C. glabrata, C. tropicalis, C. krusei, C. Parapsilosis [3].

    According to modern concepts, vulvovaginal candidiasis is not sexually transmitted and does not belong to STIs, it is mainly regarded as a secondary endogenous infection, i.e.Because Candida is part of the normal microflora of the mouth, vagina and colon in most healthy people. But this does not exclude the possibility of candidal balanoposthitis in men – sexual partners of women with candidiasis. The main reasons contributing to the intensive reproduction of fungi are: taking broad-spectrum antibiotics, glucocorticoids, cytostatics, immunosuppressants, radiation therapy, douching with antiseptics, using spermicides, wearing tight clothes, underwear made of synthetic fabrics, using sanitary napkins, eating foods with a large amount of carbohydrates , obesity, diabetes mellitus [4].

    Despite the vivid clinical manifestations of vulvovaginal candidiasis, they are not pathognomonic and require differential diagnosis. For this purpose, and also taking into account the possibility of candidacy [5], the diagnosis is established both in the presence of clinical manifestations of the disease, and by the results of microscopic examination, revealing the presence of pseudomycelium and blastospores of yeast-like fungi, or by the results of bacteriological research, which allows to determine the generic and species belonging of fungi, their sensitivity to antimycotic drugs, as well as the technology of studying the urogenital tract in women, based on the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in real time (Femoflor).

    If Candida spp. in the course of laboratory studies, a woman with symptoms of candidiasis requires therapy, in the absence of timeliness and etiotropy of which it is possible to involve the urinary system in the pathological process (urethritis, cystitis). In pregnant women, vulvovaginal infection with Candida fungi increases the incidence of complications during pregnancy (premature birth, intrauterine fetal death), and the risk of ante- and intrapartum infection of the fetus (placentitis, chorioamnionitis) increases [3].

    Despite the wide arsenal of antimycotic drugs available today, the treatment of vaginal candidiasis is often difficult. For successful treatment, a drug is required that has a number of properties. First of all, specificity, i.e. have a selective antifungal effect. Secondly, locality – local drugs for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis create a high concentration on the mucous membrane and provide a rapid decrease in clinical symptoms [6].Thirdly, safety and, finally, compliance. patients are not always committed to local therapy, due to its longer duration and the inconvenience of intravaginal administration of drugs.

    The local antimycotic drug Zalain with a single dosage regimen meets the listed requirements. The active ingredient of the drug is sertaconazole, which is a derivative of imidazole and benzothiophene. The mechanism of its action consists in inhibition of cytochrome-P450-dependent synthesis of ergosterol (the main sterol of the membranes of fungi and yeast) by the azole structure and an increase in the permeability of the cell membrane, which leads to lysis of the fungal cell.Benzothiophene, having high lipophilicity and similarity to tryptophan, easily integrates into the membrane of the fungus, causing the formation of funnels, channels and pores. This leads to a massive leakage of the cytoplasm and to the death of the fungus – the fungicidal effect of Zalain, which many other antimycotic drugs do not possess. The fungistatic effect of most antifungal drugs is to stop the multiplication of fungi, due to which the colonies of the pathogen die over time. And this predetermines the possibility of developing resistance to antimycotics.

    In addition, the high lipophilicity of the drug enhances the penetration of sertaconazole into tissues, minimizing the risk of recurrent candidiasis [7]. The therapeutic concentration of the drug in the vagina persists for 7 days, therefore, for a full course of treatment, it is sufficient to administer intravaginally 1 suppository Zalain , and in chronic course (at least 4 exacerbations of the IHC within 12 months) – the introduction of a repeated dose after 7 days, which also ensures the prevention of the occurrence of further relapses of the disease.With a simultaneous infection of the labia and adjacent areas (vulvitis candidiasis), it is recommended to additionally apply the drug Zalain cream to the external genital area and the perineal area during the suppository treatment period. If the sexual partner has candidal balanoposthitis, treatment with Zalain in the form of a cream should also be carried out.

    Sertaconazole, when applied topically, has a systemic absorption of less than 0.1%, is not detected in plasma and urine, and therefore there were no negative, teratogenic effects in the study on rabbits, therefore the use of Zalain during pregnancy and lactation is possible if the potential benefit to the mother outweighs the possible risk to the fetus or child [8].

    In addition to the highly effective antimycotic action (on all types of fungi of the genus Candida and other pathogenic yeasts: Torulopsis, Trichosporon, Malassezia, Pityrosporymorbicular, dermatophytes: Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophiton, filamentous fungi-opportunists: Scoptermanium, Fungalis, Aspirinus) ® has a broad spectrum of action on non-specific flora: Streptococcus spp., Stahpillococcus spp., Proteus spp., Bacteroides spp., E. coli.Taking Zalain leads to the cure not only of isolated vulvovaginal candidiasis, which is characterized by the rapid disappearance of symptoms and a negative result of microscopic examination of vaginal smears and culture analysis, but also in combination with nonspecific vaginitis [9]. It is important that the use of sertaconazole does not violate the protective mechanism of the vaginal biotope – the growth of Lactobacillus is not inhibited [10].

    The combined use of Zalagel® Intimate, a moisturizing gel for intimate hygiene with a unique combination of tea tree oil and a slightly alkaline pH of 8-9, can increase the comfort of the therapy.Tea tree oil has antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antiprotozoal effects, preventing recurrence and spread of infection [11]. And antipruritic, anti-inflammatory and deodorant activities increase adherence to VVC treatment.

    In conclusion, I would like to note that the vaginal microbiocenosis is directly related to the state of a woman’s health, which requires a thorough history taking to identify all possible risk factors, only when controlled, a full treatment and restoration of the vaginal microbiocenosis is achieved.Zalain can be considered the optimal solution for patients with vulvovaginal candidiasis – thanks to the innovative sertaconazole molecule, broad spectrum of action, favorable benefit / risk ratio, lack of systemic exposure, ease of use (1 suppository per IVC course) and high treatment compliance.

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    Literature

    1. Clinical guidelines. Chlamydial infection: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 2016. ID: KR194.

    2. Clinical guidelines. Urogenital diseases caused by Mycoplasma genitalium: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 2016. ID: KR216.
    3. Clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases accompanied by pathological discharge from the genital tract of women. 2nd ed., Rev. and add. M.: ROAG, 2019.
    4. Mirzabalaeva A.K., Klimko N.N. Diagnosis and treatment of genital candidiasis in women, girls and adolescents. SPb .: SPbMAPO, 2009; 60. Taking into account the possibility of candidacy, the diagnosis of candidiasis is established in the presence of clinical manifestations of the disease and microscopic detection of fungi of the genus Candida with a predominance of vegetative forms (budding, pseudomycelium).
    5. Savicheva A.M., Kisina V.I., Sokolovsky E.V. and other Candidal vulvovaginitis: guidelines for doctors. SPb .: Publishing house N-L, 2009; 88.
    6. Del-Cura G.I., Garcia-de-Blas G.F. Patient preferences and treatment safety for uncomplicated vulvovaginal candidiasis in primary health care. PRESEVAC project. // BMC Public. Health. 2011. Vol. 31 (11). P. 63–65.
    7. Croxtall J.D., Plosker G.L. Sertaconazole: a review of its use in the management of superficial mycoses in dermatology and gynecology // Drugs.2009. Vol. 69, 3. P. 339–359.
    8. Lutsevich K.A., Reshetko O.V., Rogozhina I.E., Lutsevich N.F. Clinical efficacy of sertaconazole (Zalain) in the local treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis during pregnancy // Russian Bulletin of Obstetrician-Gynecologist. 2008; 3: 77‒80.
    9. Khamaganova I.V. Local therapy of vulvovaginal candidiasis // Obstetrics and gynecology. 2012. No. 4 (2). S. 123-125 [Hamaganova I.V. Mestnaja terapija vul’vovaginal’nogo kandidoza // Akusherstvo i ginekologija. 2012. No. 4 (2).S. 123-125 (in Russian)].
    10. Palacin C., Sacristan A., Ortiz J. A. In vitro comparative study of the fungistatic and fungicidal activity of sertaconazole and other antifungals against Candida albicans II Arzneim.Forsch // Drug Res. 1992. Vol. 42. P. 711-714.
    11. Ignatovsky A.V., Sokolovsky E.V. New opportunities in the treatment of vulvar and vaginal pathology // Journal of Obstetrics and Women’s Diseases. 2009. T. 58. No. 1. S. 56-59.

    treatment, advanced form, symptoms, signs, remedy for nail fungus.What does the fungus on the feet look like

    Nail fungus (onychomycosis) is a dangerous disease that at an early stage can occur with implicit symptoms. Fungal diseases can not only destroy the surface of the nail plate, they also cause uncomfortable pain, and in an advanced form lead to soft tissue pathologies. Onychomycosis quickly spreads to healthy nails of the hands and feet and poses a danger to the people around. Therefore, if you find discoloration and other abnormal manifestations in the area of ​​the nail plates, you must immediately get an appointment with a dermatologist or mycologist.

    Symptoms of fungal infections

    The following signs indicate that you have a fungus:

    • Nails are rough and brittle.
    • Deformation of the shape of the nails.
    • Inflammation of the tissue around the nails.
    • Delamination or thinning / thickening of nails.
    • Dull, opaque nails may have brown, black, or yellow patches.

    Ways of infection with onychomycosis

    In people with good immunity and healthy skin, if hygiene rules are observed, the risk of contracting fungal infections is small.Mycoses of various origins affect the body through abrasions, cracks, chafing, hypertrophied areas of the skin and nails. The reproduction of pathogenic microflora can provoke excessive sweating, dry skin and wearing tight shoes.

    Fungus contamination is promoted by:

    • Varicose veins.
    • Decreased immunity.
    • Frostbite of the extremities.
    • Wearing rubber shoes and sweating.
    • Endocrine and vascular diseases.
    • Close contact with patients with onychomycosis.
    • Flat feet and narrow interdigital spaces.

    Danger of fungus

    Nail fungus never goes away on its own. Penetrating into the nail plate, the disease slowly destroys the hard shell of the nail, and then the periungual tissue. In an advanced stage, nail fungi cause allergic reactions, intoxication of the body and even damage to internal organs. Treatment of onychomycosis requires the use of complex therapeutic measures.

    Diagnostics and treatment

    In most cases, fungal nail diseases are caused by dermatophytes; mold and yeast fungi are less common. For the diagnosis of “onychomycosis” and the selection of optimal drugs, the mycologist or dermatologist refer the patient to laboratory diagnostics. Scraping from the affected nail will help determine the presence and type of fungal infections.

    Since most antifungal drugs contain active terbinafine, sertaconazole, ketoconazole or bifanosole, it is advisable to coordinate the choice and use of drugs with the attending physician to exclude adverse reactions.

    Preparations for onychomycosis

    1. Local preparations – medicinal creams, ointments and patches for home use.

    • Lamisil spray and cream has proven itself well. The therapeutic effect of the drug is noticeable after 3-4 days of use. The advantage of Lamisil is its effective antifungal, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. The medicinal composition is contraindicated in lactating and pregnant women.
    • In the early stages of onychomycosis, Terbix spray and cream are effective.The active ingredient terbinafine destroys fungal infections by interrupting the food chain of pathogenic microorganisms. In the early stages of onychomycosis, Thermicon spray and cream are effective.
    • Antifungal varnishes have a point effect on a fungal infection: Oflomil, Lotseril.

      2. Systemic drugs – intended for oral administration.

      • Fluconazole tablets have an effective antifungal effect with a minimum degree of relapse.The drug is taken in a course for 3-6 months. The medicine is contraindicated in pregnant women, lactating women and patients with kidney disease.
      • In case of total nail damage, systemic antimycotic drugs are prescribed: The drug Mycozoral received good reviews, the active ingredient of which is ketoconazole. The drug is available in the form of tablets and ointments.

    Important!

    During the treatment of the fungus, it is necessary to disinfect shoes, gloves, floors and the bathroom, towels, as well as bed linen.Relapse and re-infection can be avoided by careful hygiene.

    If you often visit baths, swimming pools or use the showers of sports centers, to prevent fungal infections, you can make baths with apple cider vinegar, treat the surfaces of your feet and hands with propolis, tea tree oil, and also use antifungal pharmacological agents: powders, sprays, aerosols.