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How to heal a sore arm: 4 Ways to Heal a Sore Arm


Tips for Treating Your Bicep Pain at Home – Cleveland Clinic

The bicep muscle is one of the most important muscles for your upper body strength. An injury to this hardworking muscle can make day-to-day tasks difficult.

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There are two places where the bicep muscle connects: the shoulder and the elbow. In your shoulder, tendons connect your bicep into the shoulder joint. In your elbow, tendons keep the muscle attached to your lower arm.

We most often see bicep injuries at the connection point with your shoulder. Strains or tears can develop in the tendon. The tendons can also slip out of the groove at the top of the humerus — the bone of the upper arm — that holds the muscle in place. We sometimes see injuries to the bicep tendons at the elbow, but these are pretty rare.

These conditions result in bicep tendonitis, which is a strain or tear in the tendons that can cause a great deal of pain.

Usually a result of overuse

You may envision a bicep injury resulting from a single incident, like lifting a particularly heavy dumbbell or struggling with heavy furniture. But many times, bicep injuries in adults are overuse injuries and they are more common as we age. They could result from repeated lifting required for your job, picking up young children or even playing your weekly round of golf.

Since these kinds of injuries usually develop slowly over time, they are hard to prevent. Be sure to listen to your body when an activity is causing pain that goes beyond temporary muscle soreness.

Advice to speed recovery

Bicep injuries can cause you pain, but they don’t require an immediate visit to your doctor.

As with strains in other joints, you can use anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen to reduce pain and swelling. Also, apply these two at-home treatments:

  1. Rest: Take a break from the activity that’s causing pain or soreness.
  2. Ice: Apply ice packs to the affected area to reduce pain and minimize swelling.

I advise patients to avoid compression because it can be difficult to wrap the shoulder and if you wrap the elbow incorrectly, it can result in hand swelling.

When to see a doctor

If you’re still experiencing pain after a few weeks of these at-home treatments, it’s time to call your doctor.

It’s rare that bicep tendonitis causes any long-term damage, and surgery is usually not required. Your doctor may recommend physical therapy as part of your treatment.

Often the hardest part of recovering from any joint or tendon injury is to fully rest the area. If you dive back too soon into the activity that’s causing your pain, you’ll slow your recovery and increase your chances of re-injury.

By: Joseph Scarcella, MD

Arm Injuries | Michigan Medicine

Do you have an arm injury?

How old are you?

Less than 5 years

Less than 5 years

5 years or older

5 years or older

Are you male or female?

Why do we ask this question?

  • If you are transgender or nonbinary, choose the sex that matches the body parts (such as ovaries, testes, prostate, breasts, penis, or vagina) you now have in the area where you are having symptoms.
  • If your symptoms aren’t related to those organs, you can choose the gender you identify with.
  • If you have some organs of both sexes, you may need to go through this triage tool twice (once as “male” and once as “female”). This will make sure that the tool asks the right questions for you.

Has it been more than a month since the arm injury?


Arm injury over a month ago


Arm injury over a month ago

Have you had arm surgery in the past month?

If a cast, splint, or brace is causing the problem, follow the instructions you got about how to loosen it.


Arm surgery in the past month


Arm surgery in the past month

Have you had a major trauma in the past 2 to 3 hours?


Major trauma in past 2 to 3 hours


Major trauma in past 2 to 3 hours

Are you having trouble moving your arm?

Pain or swelling can limit movement.

Can you move the arm at all?

Have you had trouble moving your arm for more than 2 days?


Difficulty moving arm for more than 2 days


Difficulty moving arm for more than 2 days

Has the pain:

Gotten worse?

Pain is increasing

Stayed about the same (not better or worse)?

Pain is unchanged

Gotten better?

Pain is improving

Do you have any pain in your arm?

How bad is the pain on a scale of 0 to 10, if 0 is no pain and 10 is the worst pain you can imagine?

8 to 10: Severe pain

Severe pain

5 to 7: Moderate pain

Moderate pain

1 to 4: Mild pain

Mild pain

Has the pain:

Gotten worse?

Pain is getting worse

Stayed about the same (not better or worse)?

Pain is unchanged

Gotten better?

Pain is getting better

Has the pain lasted for more than 2 days?


Pain for more than 2 days


Pain for more than 2 days

Is the arm blue, very pale, or cold and different from the other arm?

If the arm is in a cast, splint, or brace, follow the instructions you got about how to loosen it.


Arm blue, very pale, or cold and different from other arm


Arm blue, very pale, or cold and different from other arm

Was the arm twisted or bent out of its normal position, even if it is back in place now?


Arm is or was out of its normal position


Arm is or was out of its normal position

Is there any swelling or bruising?

Did you have swelling or bruising within 30 minutes of the injury?


Swelling or bruising within 30 minutes of injury


Swelling or bruising within 30 minutes of injury

Has swelling lasted for more than 2 days?


Swelling for more than 2 days


Swelling for more than 2 days

Do you have weakness, numbness, or tingling in your arm or hand that has lasted more than an hour?

Weakness is being unable to use the arm or hand normally no matter how hard you try. Pain or swelling may make it hard to move, but that is not the same as weakness.


Numbness, weakness, or tingling for more than 1 hour


Numbness, weakness, or tingling for more than 1 hour

Do you suspect that the injury may have been caused by abuse?

This is a standard question that we ask in certain topics. It may not apply to you. But asking it of everyone helps us to get people the help they need.


Injury may have been caused by abuse


Injury may have been caused by abuse

Do you think the problem may be causing a fever?

Some bone and joint problems can cause a fever.

Are there red streaks leading away from the area or pus draining from it?

Do you have diabetes, a weakened immune system, peripheral arterial disease, or any surgical hardware in the area?

“Hardware” includes things like artificial joints, plates or screws, catheters, and medicine pumps.


Diabetes, immune problems, peripheral arterial disease, or surgical hardware in affected area


Diabetes, immune problems, peripheral arterial disease, or surgical hardware in affected area

Have you had symptoms for more than a week?


Symptoms for more than a week


Symptoms for more than a week

Many things can affect how your body responds to a symptom and what kind of care you may need. These include:

  • Your age. Babies and older adults tend to get sicker quicker.
  • Your overall health. If you have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, you may need to pay closer attention to certain symptoms and seek care sooner.
  • Medicines you take. Certain medicines, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants), medicines that suppress the immune system like steroids or chemotherapy, herbal remedies, or supplements can cause symptoms or make them worse.
  • Recent health events, such as surgery or injury. These kinds of events can cause symptoms afterwards or make them more serious.
  • Your health habits and lifestyle, such as eating and exercise habits, smoking, alcohol or drug use, sexual history, and travel.

Try Home Treatment

You have answered all the questions. Based on your answers, you may be able to take care of this problem at home.

  • Try home treatment to relieve the symptoms.
  • Call your doctor if symptoms get worse or you have any concerns (for example, if symptoms are not getting better as you would expect). You may need care sooner.

Symptoms of infection may include:

  • Increased pain, swelling, warmth, or redness in or around the area.
  • Red streaks leading from the area.
  • Pus draining from the area.
  • A fever.

Pain in adults and older children

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that you can’t stand it for more than a few hours, can’t sleep, and can’t do anything else except focus on the pain.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The pain is bad enough to disrupt your normal activities and your sleep, but you can tolerate it for hours or days. Moderate can also mean pain that comes and goes even if it’s severe when it’s there.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): You notice the pain, but it is not bad enough to disrupt your sleep or activities.

When an area turns blue, very pale, or cold, it can mean that there has been a sudden change in the blood supply to the area. This can be serious.

There are other reasons for color and temperature changes. Bruises often look blue. A limb may turn blue or pale if you leave it in one position for too long, but its normal color returns after you move it. What you are looking for is a change in how the area looks (it turns blue or pale) and feels (it becomes cold to the touch), and this change does not go away.

Major trauma is any event that can cause very serious injury, such as:

  • A fall from more than 10 ft (3.1 m)[more than 5 ft (1.5 m) for children under 2 years and adults over 65].
  • A car crash in which any vehicle involved was going more than 20 miles (32 km) per hour.
  • Any event that causes severe bleeding that you cannot control.
  • Any event forceful enough to badly break a large bone (like an arm bone or leg bone).

Pain in children under 3 years

It can be hard to tell how much pain a baby or toddler is in.

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that the baby cannot sleep, cannot get comfortable, and cries constantly no matter what you do. The baby may kick, make fists, or grimace.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The baby is very fussy, clings to you a lot, and may have trouble sleeping but responds when you try to comfort him or her.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): The baby is a little fussy and clings to you a little but responds when you try to comfort him or her.

Pain in children 3 years and older

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that the child can’t stand it for more than a few hours, can’t sleep, and can’t do anything else except focus on the pain. No one can tolerate severe pain for more than a few hours.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The pain is bad enough to disrupt the child’s normal activities and sleep, but the child can tolerate it for hours or days.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): The child notices and may complain of the pain, but it is not bad enough to disrupt his or her sleep or activities.

Shock is a life-threatening condition that may quickly occur after a sudden illness or injury.

Adults and older children often have several symptoms of shock. These include:

  • Passing out (losing consciousness).
  • Feeling very dizzy or lightheaded, like you may pass out.
  • Feeling very weak or having trouble standing.
  • Not feeling alert or able to think clearly. You may be confused, restless, fearful, or unable to respond to questions.

Shock is a life-threatening condition that may occur quickly after a sudden illness or injury.

Babies and young children often have several symptoms of shock. These include:

  • Passing out (losing consciousness).
  • Being very sleepy or hard to wake up.
  • Not responding when being touched or talked to.
  • Breathing much faster than usual.
  • Acting confused. The child may not know where he or she is.

Certain health conditions and medicines weaken the immune system’s ability to fight off infection and illness. Some examples in adults are:

  • Diseases such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and HIV/AIDS.
  • Long-term alcohol and drug problems.
  • Steroid medicines, which may be used to treat a variety of conditions.
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer.
  • Other medicines used to treat autoimmune disease.
  • Medicines taken after organ transplant.
  • Not having a spleen.

With severe bleeding, any of these may be true:

  • Blood is pumping from the wound.
  • The bleeding does not stop or slow down with pressure.
  • Blood is quickly soaking through bandage after bandage.

With moderate bleeding, any of these may be true:

  • The bleeding slows or stops with pressure but starts again if you remove the pressure.
  • The blood may soak through a few bandages, but it is not fast or out of control.

With mild bleeding, any of these may be true:

  • The bleeding stops on its own or with pressure.
  • The bleeding stops or slows to an ooze or trickle after 15 minutes of pressure. It may ooze or trickle for up to 45 minutes.

Seek Care Now

Based on your answers, you may need care right away. The problem is likely to get worse without medical care.

  • Call your doctor now to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care in the next hour.
  • You do not need to call an ambulance unless:
    • You cannot travel safely either by driving yourself or by having someone else drive you.
    • You are in an area where heavy traffic or other problems may slow you down.

Call 911 Now

Based on your answers, you need emergency care.

Call 911 or other emergency services now.

Sometimes people don’t want to call 911. They may think that their symptoms aren’t serious or that they can just get someone else to drive them. Or they might be concerned about the cost. But based on your answers, the safest and quickest way for you to get the care you need is to call 911 for medical transport to the hospital.

Seek Care Today

Based on your answers, you may need care soon. The problem probably will not get better without medical care.

  • Call your doctor today to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care today.
  • If it is evening, watch the symptoms and seek care in the morning.
  • If the symptoms get worse, seek care sooner.

Make an Appointment

Based on your answers, the problem may not improve without medical care.

  • Make an appointment to see your doctor in the next 1 to 2 weeks.
  • If appropriate, try home treatment while you are waiting for the appointment.
  • If symptoms get worse or you have any concerns, call your doctor. You may need care sooner.

Call 911 Now

Based on your answers, you need emergency care.

Call 911 or other emergency services now.

Put direct, steady pressure on the wound until help arrives. Keep the area raised if you can.

Sometimes people don’t want to call 911. They may think that their symptoms aren’t serious or that they can just get someone else to drive them. Or they might be concerned about the cost. But based on your answers, the safest and quickest way for you to get the care you need is to call 911 for medical transport to the hospital.

Postoperative Problems

Arm Problems, Noninjury

Shoulder/Elbow Pain in Throwing Athlete

Shoulder or elbow pain in a child athlete is often caused by overuse of the arm. This condition, sometimes called “Little League shoulder or elbow,” is an irritation of the growth plates in the shoulder or elbow. A growth plate is the soft part of a bone that lets it grow as the child grows.

This injury is most common among children ages 11-14 who play sports, especially baseball. Because a child is still growing and developing, the demands of a sport on the child’s body can be too much. This is especially true if the child isn’t given enough rest time between active sessions. It is a painful condition but can be treated with proper care.

Download and print a PDF version of this page.

Patients can be seen by Texas Children’s experts in Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine.

Causes & Risk Factors

Shoulder or elbow pain is caused by excessive overhead movement of the arm, and often occurs while pitching a baseball. Overhead movement causes the muscles in the arm to pull on the growth plates. When this movement is repeated over and over, the space in the growth plates begins to widen. In some cases, the growth plates pull away from the bone.

Symptoms & Types

The most common symptoms of this injury are:

  • Pain or “heaviness” in the arm while throwing
  • Elbow or shoulder pain, especially after throwing
  • Tightness of the elbow or shoulder, causing decreased range of motion (inability to fully extend the elbow or rotate the shoulder) 

Diagnosis & Tests

The doctor will ask about your child’s health history and examine him. The doctor will check your child’s elbow or shoulder for tenderness and pain. An x-ray or MRI may also be performed to establish the diagnosis and rule out other causes of pain.

Treatment & Care

The doctor will talk with you about the best treatment plan for your child. Usually, the doctor will recommend:

  • Rest from pitching or throwing for about 6 weeks.
  • Ice the elbow or shoulder 3-4 times a day for 15-20 minutes at a time. Use an ice pack or bag of frozen peas – something similar — wrapped in a thin towel.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medication, such as ibuprofen, as directed.
  • Learn or practice throwing techniques that are less likely to cause injury.
  • Decrease the amount of activity done with the elbow or shoulder. For example, if your child is a pitcher, the doctor may limit the number of pitches your child should throw.
  • Do exercises at home as instructed by the doctor. Your child may also be referred to a physical therapist (PT) for a supervised program of exercises. Your child’s physical therapist or healthcare provider may also ask your child to do exercises at home.

Living & Managing

If your child’s condition isn’t cared for, he may have trouble using the elbow or shoulder in the future. Left untreated, this injury can lead to permanent damage of the growth plates.  Unfortunately, even with the appropriate rest and proper treatment, the athlete may not be able to resume full participation and a change in position or sport may be recommended. Education of athletes, parents, and coaches is critical to prevent these overuse injuries.

References & Sources

“Elbow Injuries in the Throwing Athlete,” American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00644

“The Young Athlete,” American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00239

Arm Pain Causes | When to See a Doctor for Arm Pain

We probably don’t appreciate our arms until they hurt or we can’t use one. Because we use our arms so much and often with repetition or force, it’s not surprising for arm pain to appear, sometimes out of nowhere. However, arm pain, particularly left arm pain, could be a sign of something serious. For example, you may feel arm pain with a heart attack.

But how do you know what type of arm pain is serious, when you should see a doctor, or if your arm pain can be managed at home? And if you should see a doctor, is it an emergency or can it wait a while?

Common Causes of Arm Pain

Some arm pain is annoying but it doesn’t keep you from participating in your activities. Other pain can have a significant impact on how you move, work, and play. Here are some of the more common causes of arm pain:

  • Repetitive use, resulting in problems like carpal tunnel syndrome involving the wrist or bursitis and tendinitis in the elbow or shoulder

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Dislocated elbow or shoulder

  • Fractures of the humerus in the upper arm, the radius or ulna in the forearm, or the elbow, wrist or hand bones

  • Torn or strained muscles including the biceps, triceps, deltoids, and forearm muscles

  • Sprains

  • Tendinitis

Serious causes of arm pain not related to musculoskeletal problems include:

If you or someone you are with is experiencing arm pain with other signs of heart attack, such as chest pain or tightness, shortness of breath, weakness, or fatigue, call 911 for immediate medical help.

Arm Pain Treatment at Home

Unless there is an injury that obviously needs a doctor’s care, such as a fracture, some arm pain can be managed at home. Pain caused by repetitive use of your arm, such as repeated bending or flexing, will often ease if the activity is stopped. However, the longer you continue the activity, the worse the pain can be and the worse the damage may be to the bone, joint or soft tissue—muscles, ligaments, tendons and bursa.

The most common home care recommendations for arm pain injuries like muscle pulls, tendinitis, and minor-to-moderate joint injuries include the RICE approach:

  • Rest. Reduce your activity, taking a break from the repetitive motions that may have caused your pain.

  • Ice. Apply ice to your elbow or shoulder for about 20 minutes a few times a day. Do not apply the ice to bare skin.

  • Compression. Wrap or support the injured part of the arm.

  • Elevation. Elevate your arm to a level above your heart.

You can add warm packs to the RICE method to promote healing, but wait 48 hours after the initial injury, after swelling subsides, or after a doctor clears you for applying heat. Alternating ice with warm packs, each for 15 to 20 minutes, can be an effective injury treatment.
If the weight of your arm pulls down on your elbow or shoulder and increases the pain, a sling may be helpful. However, don’t use a sling for too long without consulting your doctor.

If you can take over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatories, these may help as well.

When to See a Doctor for Arm Pain

There are three levels of care if you hurt your arm or you have unexplained arm pain: emergency, as quickly as possible, and when you can make an appointment.

The most serious problem that could cause arm pain is related to your heart. This is a medical emergency. If you have sudden arm pain, particularly down your left arm, and you also have back pain, nausea, shortness of breath, chest pain, or pressure in your chest, these are possible signs of a heart attack. Call 911 and tell the operator you may be having a heart attack.

This type of arm pain may also be a sign of angina, which is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. Angina is not a heart attack, but it is a sign something is wrong with your heart and it could lead to a heart attack. There is only one way to verify if your pain is related to a heart attack or angina, and that is to see a doctor. Do not drive yourself to the hospital if you believe you may be having a heart attack or angina.

Other causes of arm pain may not be as serious, but still may need emergency care. These include:

  • Obvious deformity of your arm, including your shoulder or elbow (possible dislocation)

  • A bone has broken through the skin after a fall or direct blow

  • A serious cut or gaping wound

  • Signs of an infected wound, including redness around the area, discharge from the wound, increasing pain, or fever

  • Lost sensation in your arm or hand

  • Severe pain in your arm

  • Swelling

  • Difficulty moving or turning your arm (palm of your hand face up or face down)

  • Difficulty moving your fingers or hand

  • Loss of pulse, limb coolness or discoloration compared to the other arm

Delaying treatment could cause permanent damage to your arm.

If you have arm pain but no obvious injury that needs emergency care, you should see your doctor as soon as possible if the pain is severe, you have trouble moving and using your arm, or the sensation to your arm, hand or fingers is abnormal.

Finally, you should schedule an appointment with your doctor if:

  • You have arm pain that is not going away, despite resting it and refraining from the activities that may have caused the pain

  • The pain is present even if you are not using your arm

  • The type of pain changes, for example from an ache to a sharp pain

  • The pain returns when you resume activities, such as reaching up or lifting something heavy

  • There is new swelling or a lump near or on your arm

If you go to an emergency room, the emergency physician or triage nurse will decide if you can be treated in the emergency room or if you need to see a specialist.

If your arm pain is related to your heart, you may be referred to a cardiologist or vascular surgeon. Otherwise, the other specialists who frequently deal with arm pain are orthopedic specialists or orthopedic surgeons. If the pain is caused by nerve damage, you may also be referred to a neurologist or neurosurgeon for treatment to reduce the risk of permanent damage in your arm.

Primary care physicians may be able to treat most arm pain that is not urgent, but your doctor may recommend more specialized care. Here are some specialists who can treat arm pain and injuries:

  • Orthopedic specialist or orthopedic surgeon—These specialists diagnose and treat problems of the musculoskeletal system, including joints, bones, tendons, muscles and nerves. Consider seeing a doctor who specializes in the upper extremity.

  • Rheumatologist—A rheumatologist treats diseases and conditions of the musculoskeletal system and chronic autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis. If a patient needs surgery on a joint like the shoulder, the rheumatologist would refer the patient to an orthopedic surgeon.

  • Physical medicine or rehabilitation specialist. These specialists work with patients who have orthopedic injuries and need rehabilitation.

  • Sports medicine physician. Sports medicine doctors can also diagnose and treat arm injuries from playing sports, exercising, or repetitive stress.

  • Physical therapist. Physical therapists are healthcare professionals whose role is to help you regain your strength and range of motion in your arm as it heals.

  • Athletic trainer. An athletic trainer works with clients who have acute or chronic injuries and helps them through the rehabilitation process.

It’s important for a doctor or other healthcare professional to evaluate arm pain and possible causes. Even if the pain seems harmless, pain is your body’s way of telling you something is wrong. So, if you have arm pain, visit your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and ask about treatment options.

Arm Injury

Is this your child’s symptom?

  • Injuries to the arm (shoulder to hand)
  • Injuries to a bone, muscle, joint or ligament
  • Excluded: muscle pain caused by too much exercise or work (overuse). Covered in Arm Pain.
  • Excluded: finger injury only. See that care guide.

Types of Arm Injuries

  • Fractures. Fractures are broken bones. A broken collarbone is the most common broken bone in children. It’s easy to notice because the collar bone is tender to touch. Also, the child cannot raise the arm upward.
  • Dislocations. This happens when a bone is pulled out of a joint. A dislocated elbow is the most common type of this injury in kids. It’s caused by an adult quickly pulling or lifting a child by the arm. Mainly seen in 1 to 4 year olds. It’s also easy to spot. The child will hold his arm as if it were in a sling. He will keep the elbow bent and the palm of the hand down.
  • Sprains. Sprains are stretches and tears of ligaments.
  • Strains. Strains are stretches and tears of muscles (such as a pulled muscle).
  • Muscle Overuse. Muscle pain can occur without an injury. There is no fall or direct blow. Muscle overuse is from hard work or sports (such as a sore shoulder).
  • Muscle bruise from a direct blow
  • Bone bruise from a direct blow
  • Skin Injury. Examples are a cut, scratch, scrape or bruise. All are common with arm injuries.

Pain Scale

  • Mild: your child feels pain and tells you about it. But, the pain does not keep your child from any normal activities. School, play and sleep are not changed.
  • Moderate: the pain keeps your child from doing some normal activities. It may wake him or her up from sleep.
  • Severe: the pain is very bad. It keeps your child from doing all normal activities.

When to Call for Arm Injury

Call 911 Now

  • Serious injury with many broken bones
  • Major bleeding that can’t be stopped
  • Bone is sticking through the skin
  • You think your child has a life-threatening emergency

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Can’t move the shoulder, elbow or wrist normally
  • Collarbone is painful and can’t raise arm over head
  • Can’t open and close the hand normally
  • Skin is split open or gaping and may need stitches
  • Cut over knuckle of hand
  • Age less than 1 year old
  • Severe pain and not better 2 hours after taking pain medicine
  • You think your child has a serious injury
  • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Very large bruise or swelling
  • Pain not better after 3 days
  • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Contact Doctor During Office Hours

  • Injury limits sports or school work
  • Dirty cut and no tetanus shot in more than 5 years
  • Clean cut and no tetanus shot in more than 10 years
  • Pain lasts more than 2 weeks
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Bruised muscle or bone from direct blow
  • Pain in muscle from minor pulled muscle
  • Pain around joint from minor stretched ligament
  • Minor cut or scrape

Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations

If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.

Care Advice for Minor Arm Injuries

  1. What You Should Know About Minor Arm Injuries:
    • During sports, muscles and bones get bruised.
    • Muscles get stretched.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Pain Medicine:
    • To help with the pain, give an acetaminophen product (such as Tylenol).
    • Another choice is an ibuprofen product (such as Advil). Ibuprofen works well for this type of pain.
    • Use as needed.
  3. Small Cut or Scrape Treatment:
    • Use direct pressure to stop any bleeding. Do this for 10 minutes or until bleeding stops.
    • Wash the wound with soap and water for 5 minutes. Try to rinse the cut under running water.
    • Gently scrub out any dirt with a washcloth.
    • Use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polysporin). No prescription is needed. Then, cover it with a bandage. Change daily.
  4. Cold Pack for Pain:
    • For pain or swelling, use a cold pack. You can also use ice wrapped in a wet cloth.
    • Put it on the sore muscles for 20 minutes.
    • Repeat 4 times on the first day, then as needed.
    • Reason: Helps the pain and helps stop any bleeding.
    • Caution: Avoid frostbite.
  5. Use Heat After 48 Hours:
    • If pain lasts over 2 days, put heat on the sore muscle.
    • Use a heat pack, heating pad or warm wet washcloth.
    • Do this for 10 minutes, then as needed.
    • Reason: Increase blood flow and improve healing.
    • Caution: Avoid burns.
  6. Rest the Arm:
    • Rest the injured arm as much as possible for 48 hours.
  7. What to Expect:
    • Pain and swelling most often peak on day 2 or 3.
    • Swelling should be gone by 7 days.
    • Pain may take 2 weeks to fully go away.
  8. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Pain becomes severe
    • Pain is not better after 3 days
    • Pain lasts more than 2 weeks
    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Your child becomes worse

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

Last Reviewed: 10/28/2021

Last Revised: 10/21/2021

Copyright 2000-2021. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

4 Ways to Cure a Tired Arm

Every year young athletes deal with tired, sore arms. Even worse, when not treated properly, what started as a simple ailment can quickly turn into a season-ending injury, or worse, major reconstructive surgery.

Whether it’s baseball or softball — or any other sport involving constant use of the arm — the tips below can provide relief from an arm already in pain.

Tired Arm Remedy No.1: R.I.C.E.

The first thing you should do when you have a sore arm is make an appointment with doctor. In the interim employ the R.I.C.E method — which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.

Rest: Don’t throw for a few days until arm pain has subsided and you have visited a doctor.
Ice: Alternate with 20 minutes of ice time, 20 minutes with ice off and back to 20 minutes of ice time.
Compression: Wrap the arm with an ACE bandage to minimize inflammation.
Elevation: Keep the injured area elevated above the level of the heart with a pillow.

Tired Arm Remedy No.2: Strengthen the Shoulder Girdle

Most people focus on strengthening the rotator cuff. This is important, but be sure not to overlook the muscles surrounding the scapula or shoulder blade.

The following two movements can both help an injured shoulder and prevent an injury from occurring. Note: Be sure to check with your doctor or physical therapist first before attempting these movements.

Internal External Rotation: With bands looped under feet and upper arm parallel to ground, rotate hands down so they are level with the elbow. Pull back up with constant tension. Perform three sets of 12-15 reps, 2-3 times per week. Light dumbbells can also be used in place of bands.

Cuban Press: As above, hold bands at sides. Pinch shoulders back, then pull weight up with constant tension and upper arm parallel to ground. Perform three sets of 12-15 reps, three times per week. Again, light dumbbells can also be used.

Tired Arm Remedy No.3: Massage

Whether massage increases blood flow to the muscles, a general deep tissue sports massage can work out muscle adhesions and tension in the arm. For athletes that perform the same activity at a high volume, such as a pitcher, schedule time with a massage practitioner at least once per week during the season. This can reduce the risk of repetitive injuries, such as tendonitis, and prime your body for peak performance.

Note: For acute injuries, such as a hamstring pull, immediate massage is not recommended initially. Try inflammation- reducing strategies such as R.I.C.E before you turn to massage.

Tired Arm Remedy No.4: Sleep and Proper Nutrition

Though common sense, these two areas are often overlooked — and can make or break how your body feels and recovers.

The key is to keep it simple. (The last thing you need to do is stress yourself out.) Get at least seven hours of uninterrupted sleep per night, preferably more. Eat fresh, whole foods that help with your recovery and performance

These methods seem simple, yet many fail to follow any or all of them. They can make a tremendous difference in your ability to recover from injury and everyday wear and tear — no matter what sport you’re playing.

Jon Doyle, MA, CSCS is an internationally published strength & conditioning specialist. His cutting-edge methods are used by professional athletes from all major sports, as well as youth sports participants from around the globe. For more information check out his new Web site DoyleFitness.com.

Why does my arm hurt after a shot?

Immunizations can cause soreness where you got the shot, and most of the time that’s normal

No one enjoys getting a vaccination: the needle poke, the sting of the medication, the resulting soreness for the next few days. Of course, most people know that immunizations help protect against illnesses and diseases, and are necessary for our health. In other words, they’re worth a little discomfort. 

You may be wondering why your arm hurts after a shot and if it’s normal. You may also ask yourself if you should get further vaccines if you have a reaction. Here’s what the science says.

Sore arm after vaccine? That’s normal.

Side effects after receiving a vaccination are normal and aren’t necessarily cause for concern. Mild injection site pain and irritation (also known as a sore arm) are common after receiving many vaccinations, including the COVID-19 vaccine. In fact, about 65% to 82% of people will have injection site pain with the COVID vaccine, and more specifically, if you’ve gotten the Moderna shot. 

The COVID vaccine, along with many vaccines in general, can cause common side effects to occur such as:

  • Redness or soreness at the site of injection
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Fever or chills
  • Headache

“Arm pain is likely to begin within 24 hours of vaccination and lasts a few days after the vaccine is administered,” says Grant Anderson, Ph. D., an associate professor in the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy. A sore arm after a COVID shot is the most common side effect, and according to Anderson, only 25% of vaccinated people report experiencing side effects other than arm pain.

Some vaccines can hurt more than others. Along with the COVID vaccine, the shingles vaccine, Shingrix, can cause more and longer-lasting pain than other vaccines. The flu vaccine, on the other hand, usually causes less pain, explains Anderson.

RELATED: Can you get the flu from the flu shot?

Serious vaccine side effects

A more serious reaction to vaccines is rare and isn’t always cause to not receive any more vaccinations in the future. For the most part, reactions are mild and go away in a few days. But there are some instances where you should contact your healthcare provider for medical advice. 

Some side effects that are more serious include:

  • Shoulder pain: This occurs when you receive the shot too high on your upper arm. This can cause pain that starts within 48 hours along with difficulty moving your shoulder around. It lasts longer than the normal timeline for injection site reaction for that vaccine and taking pain medication doesn’t relieve the pain. 
  • Infection: It’s rare, but receiving a shot punctures your skin, and does put you at a very small chance of the area becoming infected. If this occurs, it’s likely you would need to be treated with antibiotics.
  • Anaphylaxis: The risk of a serious allergic reaction is about 1.31 for every million vaccine doses. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include swelling of the face, lips, and neck along with rapid heartbeat, and trouble breathing. It usually happens immediately after and in lesser cases, several hours post-vaccination. Very few people will have an anaphylactic reaction after 24 hours. 

Arm pain is inconvenient, but it should go away after a day or two. Try to move your arm around throughout the day and use cold compresses, suggests Vino Palli, MD, founder of MiDoctor Urgent Care in New York City. If you’re still having arm pain weeks after vaccination, or have concerns, call your healthcare provider who can determine whether you need medical attention. 

What is COVID arm?

You may have heard of COVID arm and are concerned it will happen to you. This reaction doesn’t happen to many people and usually resolves on its own, even if it’s not fun to experience. COVID arm is a local reaction by your immune system, meaning it occurs around the injection site. You may experience:

  • A painful and/or itchy rash that can get very large
  • Swelling
  • Warmth
  • A firm bump under your skin where you received your shot

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), COVID arm can start a few days to a week or more after getting your shot. It’s not caused by the coronavirus itself, since both the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines are MRNA vaccines that don’t contain the virus.

According to Phase 3 trial results in the New England Journal of Medicine, this rash affected 0.8% of participants after the first dose, and 0.2% of participants after the second shot. In both cases, a very small number.

“It’s not completely known why this occurs, but it’s considered rare and shouldn’t be a reason to put off getting the vaccine,” Dr. Palli explains. The immune response to the vaccine is thought to come from the muscle as it absorbs the vaccine. Your body’s immune system thinks the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein produced by the vaccine is in fact a virus. The immune system then mounts a defense, only this defense goes overboard and causes a bigger reaction than what is considered normal. It’s similar to an anaphylactic reaction, but instead of affecting the entire body, this hypersensitivity is contained around the injection site only. The Shingles vaccine behaves similarly. People who receive it could get a rash as well. 

Age can play a role in who has a higher chance of having COVID arm. “It seems as if younger patients have more arm pain compared to older patients looking at a study that was done using the Pfizer vaccine,” Dr. Palli says.

If you do notice a rash after your first COVID-19 vaccination, inform your healthcare provider before you get the second one. A rash may not be a reason you shouldn’t get your second dose. However, your healthcare provider may advise you to get the second injection in your other arm. Other things that can help treat the rash include:

  • Topical steroid medications for the itching, such as OTC hydrocortisone cream
  • Topical anesthetics such as lidocaine
  • Avoiding fabric over the injection site to prevent further skin irritation

RELATED: Compare COVID vaccines

Are side effects worse after the second COVID vaccine?

“For many recipients, side effects are worse after the second dose,” says Anderson. Local inflammation from the body’s inflammatory response leads to redness, warmth, swelling, and pain at the injection site.

“When enough of these substances are released, muscle aches can occur and you begin to feel tired,” Anderson explains, “With the second dose, your immune system is really fired up and ready to immediately and forcefully respond to the vaccine components.” However, he adds, this is a good sign your body is mounting a strong immune response. And if you don’t have any side effects from the vaccine, it doesn’t mean the vaccine didn’t work or that you have a weak immune system. “The protective immunity afforded by the vaccines takes longer to develop and isn’t associated with these side effects,” Anderson says.

How to treat a sore arm after vaccination

Although a sore arm after COVID shots is temporary, there are a few things you can do at home to help treat a sore arm after your vaccine: 

  • Use a cold compress on the injection site
  • Move your arm around frequently throughout the day
  • Take over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications, such as Advil (ibuprofen) and Tylenol (acetaminophen) if approved by your provider 
  • Use antihistamines such as Benadryl if you experience itchiness

Unless you have a health condition that prevents you from taking certain OTC pain relievers, such as a bleeding condition or liver or kidney problems, you may find relief from arm soreness as well as certain other vaccine side effects such as headache or fatigue.  

However, you want to avoid taking OTC pain medications before your vaccine in anticipation of side effects. While it may decrease your arm soreness, “the local inflammation is beneficial to the development of a vigorous immune response and anti-inflammatory drugs may reduce this beneficial response,” Dr. Anderson explains. 

Preventing arm pain after vaccines

There are a few other ways to try to prevent arm pain when you’re about to get your shot: 

  • Request the vaccine goes in your non-dominant arm. This may help as you won’t use it as frequently as your dominant arm and may not notice the soreness as much. 
  • Relax your arm before your shot. Injections into clenched muscles can cause more pain.
  • You may be able to request ice or a numbing spray before your vaccination.

Although getting a vaccination isn’t usually comfortable, it’s important to know that arm soreness is normal and usually goes away within a few days. If you have any questions and concerns about vaccines and their side effects, talk with your healthcare provider to get the best medical advice for you.

90,000 Apple cider vinegar can cure rheumatoid arthritis in two weeks

According to patients’ reviews, the pain goes away quickly enough, restoring the mobility of the diseased joints.

Arthritis is a rather unpleasant disease that deprives a person of the opportunity to lead a normal life. The joints ache and swell, any movement is constrained. It is difficult to fight arthritis, but it is possible. There are a lot of methods that do not require sitting in lines at the clinic.One of the most effective folk remedies is apple cider vinegar. It is used both internally and externally.

Why apple cider vinegar is useful

The beneficial effects of apple cider vinegar on the human body have been confirmed by medical research. It contains enzymes necessary for the body, antioxidants and beta-carotene, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C and E, pectin, malic and pantothenic acids, as well as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and copper.Thanks to its antioxidant properties, the product is able to protect cells and tissues from the damaging effects of free radicals. It is due to its unique characteristics that apple cider vinegar is used as one of the most effective medicines for arthritis.

Caution! There are contraindications

With the use of apple cider vinegar, it is worth refraining from: having diseases of the mucous membrane, stomach ulcers, gastritis, pancreatitis, burns of the mucous membranes.

The remedy is contraindicated in case of high acidity, pain in the stomach and intestines, heartburn, diarrhea, burns on the mucous membrane may occur.

The acid, which is abundant in apple cider vinegar, can destroy tooth enamel.

Treatment recommendations

For the treatment, it is best to use natural fermented unfiltered apple vinegar. A small sediment should be present in the container, it is the main source of useful enzymes and nutrients.Note that apple cider vinegar should be no more than 5 percent. For external use, compresses, baths, lotions or ointments are used, for internal use, a mixture is prepared with decoctions of herbs or with the addition of fruit and berry juices, diluted with water.

Recipes for joint treatment using apple cider vinegar are fairly simple but effective.

To reduce swelling and painful symptoms

1 hourl. apple cider vinegar mixed with a glass of cherry juice. To stir thoroughly. Take at least twice a day. You can replace cherry juice with apple and grape juice. Only mix these products in a 1: 5: 3 ratio. Drink half a glass daily.

Mixture for compresses in the treatment of arthritis and arthrosis

Pour 1.5 cups of water and 0.25 cups of vinegar into a container. Heat the mixture until warm. Soak a piece of soft tissue in the solution and apply to the affected area. Wrap the affected limb on top with a warm scarf or woolen scarf. Keep the compress for about 15 minutes. Repeat the procedure, if necessary, on the same day.

Baths for hands and feet

For pain, you can take warm baths. Add apple cider vinegar to warm water, in a 1: 6 ratio. The duration of such a procedure should not be more than 30 minutes.

Homemade Apple Cider Vinegar Recipe

Take about a kilogram of overripe fruit, wash thoroughly, remove the spoiled areas, but do not cut the core.Pass a blender through a meat grinder. Pour boiling water over the fruit puree: a liter of water for 800 grams of the mixture. Add 100 grams of honey, 20 grams of pressed yeast, a crust of black bread, a little overcooked crackers to the container. Store the infusion for 10 days in a dark, warm place, covered with gauze, stirring occasionally. At the end of the period, strain. Then add another 100 grams of honey. Stir and remove to a dark place for a month and a half to wander. As soon as the mixture begins to lighten, the vinegar is ready.

Earlier, “Kubanskie Novosti” talked about how to help joints at home.

Arthritis of the wrist joint of the hand – Symptoms, treatment, recovery after arthritis – Traumatology CDB RAS

Arthritis of the wrist joint is characterized by inflammation of the soft tissues surrounding the joint and develops as a result of overuse, injury, or infection. Specialists of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences remind that timely treatment of a problem in a medical institution is a guarantee of complete restoration of joint functionality and prevention of the development of a chronic form of pathology.


If a patient develops arthritis in the wrist area, the following symptoms may occur (singly or collectively):

  • Redness of the area of ​​the skin over the joint;
  • Local temperature rise;
  • Pain and limited mobility of the joint;

Types of arthritis

Depending on the etiology, the following types of diseases of the right and left wrist joint are distinguished:

  • infectious arthritis – is one of the manifestations of such serious diseases as brucellosis, syphilis, tuberculosis, gonorrhea and others;
  • nonspecific purulent arthritis – develops in situations when the soft tissues surrounding the joint are affected by bacteria brought by blood from other foci of inflammation, for example, from carious foci, furunculosis, osteomyelitis;
  • gouty arthritis – one of the consequences of impaired metabolism;
  • Rheumatoid arthritis of the wrist joint is a consequence of autoimmune disorders;
  • reactive arthritis – a variant of an allergic reaction, for example, to vaccination;
  • the so-called arthrosis-arthritis , which combines the signs of both diseases.

Which doctor should I contact?

Depending on the causes of the disease, a specific case of arthritis will be dealt with by an experienced specialist of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences – a rheumatologist, surgeon, orthopedist, traumatologist.


To obtain an accurate clinical picture, a patient with suspected wrist arthritis is prescribed the following types of diagnostic procedures:

  • laboratory complex – analyzes of urine and blood;
  • if there is a purulent process, a sample of synovial fluid can be taken to determine the bacterial strain;
  • ultrasound examination of the wrist and hand;
  • sighting X-ray of the affected area;
  • CT or MRI.

If during the examination there are doubts about the accuracy of the diagnosis, the patient can be referred for additional consultation to narrow specialists of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Causes of occurrence

Arthritis of the wrist joint can have various etiologies. The most common cause of the development of inflammation in the joint is excessive stress on it. Also arthritis can develop:

  • Against the background of an autoimmune disease.
  • As a result of problems with metabolic processes in the body.
  • Due to joint damage from infection transferred from another organ.
  • As a complication of gout
  • As a result of a blow or other injury to the wrist joint.


In the first and second stages of the disease, the patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy, pain relievers. Maximum immobilization of the wrist is also shown. If third-degree arthritis is diagnosed, only surgical treatment will be effective.

The orthopedist prescribes treatment based on the stage and cause of arthritis. So, for example, if the disease is represented by an acute pus form, arthrotomy may be prescribed. This is a procedure that involves installing a drain to drain the pus. Based on the bacteriological analysis, the traumatologist identifies the causative agents of the inflammatory process in order to select the most effective antibiotic. If the patient has exacerbated chronic arthritis, in addition to immobilization, rheumatologists use physiotherapy techniques.Professional massage helps well, facilitates exercise therapy, ultrasound and other hardware techniques. Also, patients suffering from chronic arthritis of the wrist joint should constantly remember about the reasonableness of the load on the sore arm. It is recommended that you stick to your diet and incorporate specific exercise therapy into your lifestyle.

Sign up for a specialist consultation

Arthritis of the joint is a disease that causes severe pain, restricts mobility and deprives a person of the opportunity to lead a normal life.It is not worth starting the pathology, since in the chronic form it is more difficult to treat. If you notice swelling, redness or the slightest discomfort, make an appointment with a traumatologist or rheumatologist of the CEB RAS. If you have already been diagnosed with chronic arthritis of the wrist joint, we will help you get rid of the disease by developing an individual comprehensive program. Call or use the online form to schedule a doctor’s appointment at a convenient time for you.


In the process of recovering from arthritis of the wrist joint, the patient can be assigned special gymnastics (exercise therapy), as well as physiotherapy complex procedures: UHF, massage, paraffin therapy, etc.It is also necessary to pay attention to the diet – it is recommended to include in the menu dishes with vitamin E and collagen (jellied meat, aspic, broth).

How to treat arthrosis of the shoulder joint?


18.03.2020 00:00

Arthrosis is such damage to the joints that occurs due to metabolic disorders in the periarticular tissues and due to wear of the joint tissue.Most often, arthrosis manifests itself in people over 40 years old.

Osteoarthritis should not be confused with arthritis, which refers to inflammatory processes occurring in the joint, which are caused by changes in the joint fluid. And with arthrosis, the structure of the cartilage itself changes, and signs of its premature wear appear – mainly microcracks.

As for the arthrosis of the shoulder joint, it is characterized by the deposition of salts at the sites of cartilage damage. Therefore, if timely treatment is not started, then the disease can lead to the appearance of contracture, a defect that will block some of the movements.

Shoulder arthrosis symptoms:

– the appearance of pain during physical exertion;
– limited joint mobility;
– crunch in the joint;
– periodic appearance of joint swelling;
– muscle tension when performing normal actions;
– inability to make some movements.

In order to suspect arthrosis, it is enough to note at least a couple of these symptoms. In this case, Healthy Life recommends that you quickly contact a specialist to clarify the diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.

The causes of arthrosis of the shoulder joint can be different:
– trauma or unexpected excessive physical exertion;
– lifestyle that limits the mobility of the shoulder joint;
– heredity.

How is shoulder arthrosis treated?

The choice of drugs for treatment and the necessary procedures is made taking into account a number of circumstances. First, an X-ray is taken of the joint to determine exactly what changes in the joint are and what treatment will be required.

If primary arthrosis is detected, then medications, procedures are prescribed to restore blood circulation in the joint, and it is advised to make adjustments to the lifestyle. It is best for the treatment to be comprehensive: medications were combined with physiotherapy, and then a spa treatment was carried out.

To relieve inflammation of the shoulder joint, nonsteroidal drugs such as ortofen, indomethacin, diclofenac are prescribed. And in order to restore microcirculation of blood in the shoulder joint, it is usually credited to use heparin, ATP, nikoshpan, troxevasin, trental, prodectin, etc.d.

To improve the absorption of oxygen by tissues, it is necessary to take vitamins of group B. In addition to the above drugs, aspirin has proven itself well in the treatment of arthrosis to obtain anesthetic and anti-inflammatory effect.

If a patient with arthrosis has diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or a stomach ulcer, then a drug with a gentle effect on the stomach is prescribed – this is Feprazone.

To reduce the manifestations of dystrophic changes in the joints, drugs such as arteparone, chloroquine, and rumalon are prescribed.

Sometimes the doctor may prescribe intra-articular administration of dexamethasone, hydrocortisone and other similar drugs.

For the treatment to be comprehensive, physiotherapy procedures are used for arthrosis of the shoulder joint: ultrasound, electrophoresis, turpentine or sodium chloride baths. If the clinic has modern equipment, then the patient can be prescribed to attend sessions of laser treatment, cryotherapy, vacuum massage, etc.

In case of arthrosis with edema, a low-salt diet with sufficient fluid should be followed.That is, you should reduce the consumption of salty foods, hot spices, tomatoes and spinach. Such a diet helps to get rid of excess fluid, which helps relieve swelling.


90,000 Cat paw fracture, symptoms and treatment

If your cat has broken a paw, the signs of a fracture are not always obvious. There is a chance that the pet will remain calm, even if it is very painful.Knowing how to tell if your cat has a fracture, what to do, and how to care for it can help ensure a good prognosis.

Symptoms of a paw fracture in a cat

Paw fractures in cats can manifest in different ways. It depends on the pain threshold of the animal, the type and location of the fracture. Complex open injuries will be obvious and the bone will be clearly visible under the skin, or even debris may come out.

Here’s what to look for if you suspect your cat has broken its paw:

● Attempts to hide in a secluded place

● Aggression

● Lameness

● Decreased activity

● An unusual bulge, lump, or lump on the paw

● Swelling or bruising in the injured area

● Howling or growling, especially when touching a sore limb

● Ignoring the litter box

● Neglect of grooming

● Protruding bone or an irregular limb

If you think your cat has a fracture, contact your veterinarian immediately.Do not expect the fracture to heal on its own.

What to do if a cat has a broken paw

If you witness an event that makes you think that your cat may have a fracture or other serious injury associated with a fall from a height, collision with a car, etc., take it immediately to the nearest veterinary clinic.

If your pet is experiencing visible pain or shock, wrap it in a clean blanket or towel to keep it as still and calm as possible.Remember that in this situation, the cat may bite, hiss, or scratch. If you have not seen that your pet is injured, but he has one or more signs of bone fracture, you should still see your veterinarian as soon as possible. During the visit, the doctor will perform a physical examination and may take x-rays if a fracture is suspected.

Trying to put a splint or any kind of bandage is not worth it, you can only make it worse and waste time. Also, do not use pain relievers or any other drugs before going to the clinic.

Treatment of a paw fracture in a cat

In all cases of paw fractures, surgery is required to restore the bone and ensure the limb functions properly.

Depending on the location and type of fracture, treatment can be achieved by performing osteosynthesis – surgery, using metal structures (wires, plates, cerclage, pins, etc.). In this case, fixation is carried out using external devices or with the help of structures invisible to the eye.

Regardless of how severe your cat’s fracture is, your veterinarian will recommend a long rest period and pain relievers and antibacterial medications. Of course, the animal will not comply with bed rest, but it will have to limit its mobility, avoid active games and running.

Some time after surgery (usually after 1 month), a second X-ray will be required to assess bone healing and remove, if necessary, metal plates, wires, etc.etc.

It should be noted that plaster cast is not used for paw fractures in cats. He cannot provide the necessary immobilization of the limb and cannot match exactly damaged bone fragments.

If the fracture is not treated surgically, the bone may heal incorrectly or not at all. Lack of veterinary care can lead to:

● Development of infection

● Necrosis

● Formation of a false joint

● Changes in leg length and, as a result, lameness

● Complete refusal or inability to use the limb.

Prevention of trauma

Certain activities and circumstances put pets at greater risk of injury, so it is important to consider this to ensure your cats are as safe as possible.

● Be careful when playing: for both small kittens and adult cats, playing with a large dog can cause injury.

● Keep cats away from tall furniture: Falling from a closet or tall chest of drawers can cause a fracture.The cat must be able to safely descend from a height. If your pet likes to climb up, then attach shelves-steps to the wall.

● Close windows: balconies and open windows pose another risk of falling, so make sure your cat is safe in your home by installing anti-cat screen screens on the windows.

Treatment in a veterinary clinic

Even if you did your best to protect your pet, and he still got injured, at the VDobryeRuki veterinary clinic you can get help from specialists around the clock and take x-rays.

Surgical treatment of fractures is performed by three experienced surgeons who will select the best osteosynthesis option for your pet and will provide detailed information on the postoperative care to restore the normal functioning of the limb as soon as possible.

90,000 Measures to improve hand function in people after stroke

Research question

What interventions contribute to the recovery of the arm and hand after a stroke?


Very often after a stroke, there are problems with the function of the arm (disorders of the upper limbs).Upper limb disorders usually include impaired movement and coordination of the arms, hands, and fingers, which often results in difficulties in performing daily functions such as eating, dressing, and washing. In more than half of people with upper limb disorders after a stroke, the problems will still continue for several months to several years after the stroke. Improving hand function is a key element of rehabilitation. Many possible interventions have been developed; they include various exercises or training, special equipment or technologies, or they can be a medication (pill or injection) prescribed to improve hand movement.

Rehabilitation of the upper limb after a stroke often involves several different interventions and usually requires the cooperation of the patient, caregivers and the rehabilitation team.

We developed the Cochrane Review to help people easily access information about effective interventions and to help them compare the effects of different interventions. We aimed to combine all systematic reviews of interventions to improve upper limb (arm) function after stroke.

Research characteristics

We searched for Cochrane and non-Cochrane reviews on the effectiveness of interventions to improve arm function after stroke. We included 40 systematic reviews (19 Cochrane reviews and 21 non-Cochrane reviews). The evidence is current to July 2013.

Reviews reviewed 18 different types of interventions, as well as the dose of the intervention and the setting in which the intervention was provided.These reviews differed for the population included (initial deterioration of the upper limb and stroke severity) and for the included comparison groups (control interventions, no treatment, and conventional therapy).

We extracted information on 127 comparisons that were examined in the reviews. They showed the extent to which different interventions had an effect on upper limb function, upper limb impairment and the ability to perform daily work.


There is currently no high quality evidence available for any of the interventions currently used in daily practice.There is insufficient evidence to show which are the most effective for improving upper limb function.

Moderate quality evidence suggests that the following interventions may be effective: restriction (stress) -induced movement therapy, neuropsychiatric practice, mirror therapy, interventions for sensory disturbances, virtual reality, and relatively high doses of repetitive practice exercises. Moderate-quality evidence also suggests that unilateral arm training (exercises for the injured arm) may be more effective than bilateral arm training (doing the same exercise with both arms at the same time).

Some evidence suggests that a higher dose of any intervention is better than a lower dose. More research is needed to determine the optimal dose of intervention for arm reconstruction.

Combining the evidence from all available systematic reviews helped us make specific recommendations for future research. These recommendations include, but are not limited to, large randomized controlled trials of ITO, neuropsychiatric practice, mirror therapy, and virtual reality.We recommend high-quality up-to-date reviews and further primary research for a range of specific interventions.

Quality of evidence

We rated the quality of the evidence as high for one intervention: a variant of brain stimulation called transcranial direct current stimulation (micropolarization) (tDCS), which is not currently used in everyday practice. This high quality data shows that tDCS does not improve people’s ability to do their day to day work.

We rated the quality of the evidence as moderate for 48 comparisons (across seven separate interventions) and low or very low for 76 comparisons. Reasons for downgrading the quality of evidence to moderate, low, or very low include small numbers of studies and participants, poor quality of methodology or presentation of research results included in reviews, significant heterogeneity (heterogeneity, variation) between learning outcomes, and low quality of review or reporting of methods.

We conclude that high-quality evidence is urgently needed for the effectiveness of interventions to improve upper limb function, in particular those for which moderate-quality evidence currently suggests a beneficial effect.

Physiotherapy exercises for hand joints

Physiotherapy exercises for hand joints

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Exercises for pain in the hand. Exercises for the hip joint. Exercise for knee pain. Exercise for foot pain. Warm-up exercises in the office. Watch our videos also in the VKontakte group! Official site of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Research Institute of Rheumatology named after V.I.A. Nasonova. It is better to carry out therapeutic exercises in a group method; patients with approximately the same injuries are united in groups of several people. This method of conducting classes increases the interest of patients more than an individual one. For injuries to the hand, Janos recommends the following exercises: Therapeutic exercises for the hand and fingers. 1. Flexion and extension of each finger and phalanx separately. The position of the hand on the table, the palm facing downward: 2. Raising the fingers (separate for each).3. Raising all fingers at the same time. 4. Raising the palm, fingers fixed on the table. Seated wrist flexion can be performed with a dumbbell or with an elastic band. This is an excellent exercise for strengthening the flexor muscles of the hand after injury. The starting position is sitting, the forearm rests on a table or couch, and the hand hangs down and holds the dumbbell with a grip from below, so that the palm is directed upwards. The exercise begins with lowering the hand down, after which it is necessary to raise it up, keeping the forearm motionless on the table.Both movements are repeated several times at a slow pace. 4. Extension of the arm at the wrist while sitting. Gymnastics for arthrosis for the knee, shoulder, elbow, hip joints. When exercise therapy can be done, and when not. What exercises help with arthrosis best? Exercise therapy (therapeutic gymnastics) for arthrosis is prescribed by an orthopedist and rheumatologist in the complex therapy of this disease. A set of exercises performed regularly can stop degenerative processes in the cartilage tissue, improve the elasticity of the ligaments and strengthen the muscles that support the joint.How exercise therapy will help with arthrosis. Exercise therapy for arthrosis performs different tasks: Elimination of pain symptoms and load from cartilage tissue. Exercise complexes and remedial gymnastics. Physiotherapy exercises for the shoulder joint. Physiotherapy exercises for the shoulder joint. General strengthening set of exercises for the shoulder. The goal of our set of exercises is to achieve the most painless range of motion in the shoulder joint while maintaining strength and endurance. Behind the back, grab it with your good hand by the wrist and pull to the opposite buttock as far as possible until pain appears.Hold your hands for 7-10 seconds and strain the sore arm for 10-15 seconds. Relax the sore arm and lead it a few more centimeters further until a slight pain appears. Then again strain and relax the sore arm. The benefits of exercise therapy for arthritis of the joints. Therapeutic exercises have a positive effect on the body as a whole and on the affected joints: Helps relieve pain. bend your arms, touch your shoulders with your hands, as you exhale, spread your arms to the side and touch the floor with your elbows, while inhaling, return to the starting position; put your hands on your shoulders, rotate your elbows in a circle, first clockwise, then counterclockwise.In order for physiotherapy exercises to benefit the affected joints and not worsen the condition, start classes after the doctor’s appointment and under his supervision. The specialist will select the appropriate exercises, taking into account which joint is affected and how quickly the disease progresses. Pay attention to the following signs of the disease: morning stiffness of the joints of the hands, stiffness, dysfunction of the joints and their symmetrical deformation on both hands. With a prolonged monotonous load on the hands, it can also be noted: swelling of the joints, pain (especially when moving the fingers.tsami), swelling of the periarticular tissues, redness, increased skin temperature in the area of ​​inflammation. If you find at least one of these signs, then see an orthopedic surgeon or surgeon. Early detection of rheumatoid arthritis allows. 2. Comp. physiotherapy exercises – relaxes muscles and strengthens the muscles. Intra-articular injections of the Noltrex synovial fluid prosthesis help to stop the progression of arthrosis. The principle of action is simple: the gel gets inside the joints and takes over the functions of the missing lubricant, pushes the thin cartilaginous surfaces and nourishes them.Pressing firmly on the tips of your fingers, tilt your hands to the right and left. Repeat 10 times on each side. Exercise 5. Repeat 5 times for each hand. If the symptoms of the disease worsen, be sure to see your doctor for treatment. Medicines recommended by a doctor can be purchased at Stolichka pharmacies. Fitness. Medical cosmetics. Cosmetics and hygiene. Mom and baby.

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90,000 What is tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow?

What is tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow

Tennis elbow is the common name for lateral (external) epicondylitis, i.e. inflammation of the tendons located on the outer surface of the elbow joint. If epicondylitis occurs on the inner surface of the elbow joint, it is called a golfer’s elbow.The tennis elbow is more common than the golfer’s elbow.

Tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow are not the typical inflammation that was previously thought. Rather, it is a local painful irritation of the site of attachment of the tendon to the bone.

Two types of epicondylitis

Golfer’s elbow (pain on the inner surface)

Tennis elbow (outer pain)

Tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow: causes and risk factors

All the muscles of the forearm involved in the movement of the fingers and hand are attached to the humerus at two points, the external and internal epicondyle.Overloading these muscles leads to microscopic tears, including in the tendons.

Sports loads and prolonged bent position of the elbow joints (even without effort) can cause epicondylitis. In everyday life, epicondylitis can develop in people who work a lot at the computer and when doing manual work with arms bent at the elbows.

Symptoms of epicondylitis

Pain in the elbow joint occurs with muscle tension.With a tennis elbow, pain is localized on the outer surface of the elbow joint, and with a golfer’s elbow – on the inside.

The greater the effort of the muscles of the forearm, the more intense the pain. The pain can spread to the shoulder and forearm. In addition, there may be complaints about the appearance of weakness of the fingers.

Initially, pain occurs only during muscle contraction (clenching a fist, gripping with a hand, lifting weights, etc.). As the disease progresses, pain is felt at rest.

Prevention of epicondylitis

Observe the correct biomechanics of movements in the elbow joint:

  • Play tennis with correct technique.If necessary, attend a special briefing.
  • Use an ergonomic mouse and keyboard while working on your computer to relieve tension on your forearm muscles.
  • If ​​you are doing manual work, use the cordless tool.
  • When lifting heavy objects, keep your palms facing up.
  • Dose exercise and take regular breaks.

Treatment of epicondylitis

First, it is necessary to change the biomechanics of the elbow joint, as during sports or work, to eliminate the cause of the pain.In this case, treatment measures will quickly help get rid of the pain.

  • Bandages. To relieve the condition, many doctors first recommend the use of braces on the elbow joint. Compression tying and 3D silicone inserts work effectively on muscles and tendons to reduce pain.
  • Bandages. medi has developed a special medi Epibrace dressing for the treatment of epicondylitis. The dressing has a special insert that reduces tendon tension and smooths out peak loads.
  • Surgical treatment. For the treatment of epicondylitis, surgical treatment is used extremely rarely, since conservative therapy is effective in most cases.
  • Stretching exercises. Performing eccentric exercises (flexion, wrist stretching and forearm stretching) brings significant relief and healing to many patients. Regular stretching exercises reduce the tension on the tendons.
  • Strength training exercises. Complexes of exercises for strength training help to cure epicondylitis.
  • Heat and cold can help in the treatment of epicondylitis. In the acute phase and immediately after intense exertion, cooling compresses should be used. Exposure to heat helps in the treatment of chronic epicondylitis.
  • Massage. Special massage (deep kneading), as physiotherapy methods, stimulates blood circulation.
  • Shockwave therapy. If epicondylitis is difficult to treat or calcifications are found in the tendons, extracorporeal shock wave therapy may be used.Its use helps to start the repair processes inside the tendon.
  • Acupuncture sessions, injection blocks, and pain relievers may also be effective.

Complex of exercises for epicondylitis

For medial (golfer’s elbow) or lateral (tennis elbow) epicondylitis, both eccentric exercises and strength training exercises are effective.For the greatest effect, exercise should be done 3-4 times a week.

Be sure to ask your doctor if this particular set of exercises is right for you.

Tennis Elbow Exercises

Tennis Elbow: Strength Training


  • not required
  • Exercise seated

Home Position

  • Sit on the chair next to the table.
  • Place the forearm of the affected hand on the table surface so that the hand can be flexed and extended freely.
  • The back of the hand should be on top.
  • Make a fist.
  • Extend the clenched hand as much as possible.
  • Place your healthy hand on the back of your fist.
  • With your good hand, apply moderate pressure to the back of a fist.
  • Slowly (like in slow motion) give in to the force and bend your fist.
  • Mild pain is permissible at the time of exercise.
  • The pressure must be metered so that the trained arm can bend slowly.
  • Movement must be slow and controlled.


  • 3 sets of 15 reps
  • break between sets 30 seconds

Tennis Elbow Stretching Exercise


  • not required
  • Exercise seated

Home position

  • Stand up straight and extend the affected arm straight out in front of you.
  • The angle between the arm and the torso should be 90 degrees.
  • The arm must be extended (extended).
  • The back of the hand should be on top.
  • Make a fist.
  • Place your free hand in your fist.


  • Bend the affected arm at the wrist joint as much as possible.
  • Apply moderate pressure with your good hand to create a tension sensation in the extensor muscles of the forearm.
  • To enhance the stretching effect, you can slightly rotate the affected arm outward.


  • 3 sets for each arm, 20 seconds
  • 30 second break between sets

Golfer Elbow Exercises

Golfer’s Elbow: Strength Training


  • not required
  • Exercise seated

Home Position

  • Sit on the chair next to the table.
  • Place the forearm of the affected hand on the table surface so that the hand can be flexed and extended freely.
  • The palm must be facing up.
  • Bend the hand in a fist as much as possible.
  • Place the palm of the healthy hand on the palm of the affected hand.


  • With your healthy hand, apply moderate pressure to the palm of your affected hand.
  • Slowly (like in slow motion), unbend the palm of your injured hand.


  • Fingers and palm should always be in the same plane.
  • The pressure should be metered so that the affected hand slowly yields to the force acting on it.
  • The healthy hand should cover all the phalanges of the fingers of the other hand.
  • Movement must be slow and controlled.


  • 3 sets of 15 reps
  • break between sets 30 seconds

Golfer’s Elbow: Strength Training


  • not required
  • Exercise seated

Home position

  • Stand up straight and extend the affected arm straight out in front of you.
  • The angle between the arm and the torso should be 90 degrees.
  • The arm must be extended (extended).
  • The palm of the hand should be on top.
  • Place the palm of the healthy hand on the palm of the affected hand.
  • The healthy hand should cover all the phalanges of the fingers of the other hand.
  • Extend the affected arm at the wrist joint as far as possible so that the fingertips are pointing forward and downward.
  • Apply moderate pressure with your good hand to create a tension sensation in the flexor muscles of the forearm.
  • 3 sets of 20 seconds for each arm
  • 30 second break between sets

Medi products for the treatment of epicondylitis

medi products shorten the treatment time for epicondylitis

  • medi elbow bandages
  • medi elbow bandages

Diagnostics and treatment

Causes and symptoms of joint problems

Joint pain

Human body

Ligament damage often occurs during sports.