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Itchy bumps on legs like mosquito bites: Itchy bumps on skin like mosquito bites: What are they?


Itchy bumps on skin like mosquito bites: What are they?

Itchy bumps on the skin can cause discomfort, embarrassment, and confusion. Although the bumps may sometimes resemble mosquito bites, there are numerous possible causes other than bug bites.

Most people experience this symptom at some point. Itchy bumps can appear as a result of allergies, infections, insects, and, sometimes, nonidentified factors.

However, there is one general principle that the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology recommend people to follow when their skin itches: Do not scratch it.

Additional general self-care practices for itchy skin include:

  • bathing frequently in lukewarm water
  • using gentle, hypoallergenic soap
  • limiting exposure to the sun
  • applying cold compresses
  • avoiding tight clothing in areas where itchy bumps appear

Understanding the different conditions that can cause itchy bumps on the skin can help people get appropriate treatment. Depending on the cause, treatment can range from avoiding certain foods to taking prescription medications.

Keep reading to learn more about some common causes of itchy bumps that look like mosquito bites and how to treat them.

The medical term for hives is urticaria, and it describes a condition that produces raised itchy areas on the skin. If a person notices bumps on the skin that resemble mosquito bites but has not had any exposure to mosquitos, the cause is probably acute urticaria. The term “acute” means that the condition does not last longer than 6 weeks.

Hives are very common, affecting about 20% of people at some point in their lives. Certain kinds of foods, such as peanuts, tree nuts, and seafood, cause hives in many people due to an allergic reaction. Latex, pollen, insects, various plants, and some medications, such as sulfa drugs or even aspirin, may also cause hives.

Hives cause characteristic red, purple, or skin colored itchy bumps that appear and disappear quickly anywhere on the body. These bumps typically turn white or disappear when a person presses them.


The treatment for hives depends on the severity and cause of the rash, but it includes avoiding known triggers. People who are extremely allergic to a trigger — for example, peanuts or certain insects — may need to carry an epinephrine auto-injector, such as an Epipen. This device can stop a potentially life threatening reaction if a person has accidental contact with a known allergen.

Anti-itching lotions and over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines can provide relief for mild symptoms, while more intense outbreaks may require stronger prescription versions of these drugs or corticosteroids.

Learn more about hives here.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), bed bug bites can resemble bites from other bugs, although they can take as long as 2 weeks to materialize.

People who notice itchy bumps on the skin that resemble mosquito bites should check for:

  • other signs of bed bugs
  • bed bugs themselves on a mattress or sheet
  • dead bed bugs
  • blood spots on a mattress or sheet
  • the characteristic musty smell associated with bed bugs

If the bites appear in a straight line, they are likely to be due to bed bugs. However, bed bug bugs can also appear in more random formations.


Unless someone has a severe allergic reaction, experts recommend simple self-care practices to treat any bites. These include not scratching, applying OTC antiseptic ointments, and taking antihistamines.

Learn more about bed bugs here.

Contact dermatitis is essentially an allergic reaction that develops when a person’s skin comes into contact with something to which they are allergic, such as latex or certain metals or household products.

It can take 1–2 days for the reaction to develop and 2–3 weeks for symptoms to disappear. Contact dermatitis may hurt as much as it itches, and it may present with inflammation and blisters.


Self-care with cold compresses, calamine lotion, and soothing baths can help provide relief.

Prescription medication, such as antihistamines and cortisone, may be necessary if the reaction is severe.

Working with healthcare professionals can help people identify their triggers, which can be complicated.

According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, there are more than 3,700 substances known to cause contact allergies. Avoiding triggers is a key part of managing contact dermatitis, along with thoroughly washing the affected area with soap and water after exposure happens.

Learn more about contact dermatitis here.

The human itch mite is responsible for scabies. This mite digs its way through the top layer of the skin and lays eggs. Its tunnels can sometimes be visible on the surface of the skin, where they appear as raised, crooked, skin colored lines. However, the most common symptom of scabies is itchy bumps on the skin. These are like mosquito bites, only smaller.

Sites of the body that this very itchy condition commonly affects include the wrists, the elbows, between the fingers, and behind the knees.


Only a prescription lotion will treat scabies effectively, and individuals need to follow the application directions exactly. Anyone who has had extensive skin-to-skin contact with someone with scabies should also seek treatment.

It is very important that people with scabies thoroughly wash and dry all of their clothes, towels, sheets, bedding, and other household items. Other remedies for scabies may also help.

Learn more about scabies here.

Also known as atopic dermatitis, this common condition causes itchy, red, irritated skin that can sometimes develop bumps. In the long term, it can make the skin thicker, scaly, and flaky, as well as causing it to change color.

Scratching makes eczema worse and increases the risk of infection. Eczema occurs due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, which prompt the immune system to overreact to certain triggers, such as laundry soap or sweating. It typically affects the face, elbows, knees, scalp, and backs of the hands.


According to the National Eczema Association, treating eczema calls for a mix of self-care, OTC drugs, and prescription medications. People with eczema can identify and learn to manage or avoid triggers for their outbreaks.

Changing bathing practices and using moisturizer can also help. Prescription lotions, systemic medications, UVB light, and biologics can address more severe symptoms.

Learn more about the different types of eczema here.

Skin problems, such as itchy bumps on the skin similar to mosquito bites, can range from mild to severe.

Some issues, including bed bug bites, can be fleeting, while others, such as allergic reactions to certain foods, are signs of a permanent condition. However, most skin problems generally respond well to treatment.

If the symptoms do not improve with self-care practices, people should see a medical professional to determine what is causing the outbreak and how to treat it.

11 Common Bug Bite Pictures

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That sinking feeling is all too recognizable: You notice an odd pinch, look down, and discover a new bug bite—sometimes instantly, but often only days later. It aches, relentlessly itches, or both, and you don’t have the slightest idea what critter could have caused it.

That’s because almost all bug bites look pretty similar, and many experts agree that it’s hard to ID the culprit unless you actually catch it in the act, because everyone’s immune system responds to bites and stings differently. If you experience any symptoms other than mild itchiness or pain, contact a doctor or seek immediate medical help to make sure you aren’t having a severe allergic reaction, suffering from an insect-borne disease, or experiencing an infection.

All that said, the area around the bite or sting site, where you were attacked, and other clues could reveal the identity of the offending insect—here are the most common ones to keep on your radar.

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Tick bite

What it looks like: The best way to ID a tick bite is to find one attached to you—and they can linger for three to six days as they feed on your blood. Some leave a red spot about the size of a dime, but not everyone exhibits this. Tick bites often occur on warmer parts of the body, like the hairline, armpits, behind the knees, and groin.

Symptoms to note: Tick bites are pretty painless and a bit itchy at first, but dangerous, with more serious symptoms appearing days to weeks after a bite. A bullseye rash (pictured here) signals Lyme disease, but other tick-borne illnesses include ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and tularemia, although the risk for each varies depending on the tick’s species.

Related: How to Remove a Tick Correctly


Spider bite

What it looks like: If you’ve got two tiny puncture marks on your skin (or see a spider crawling away), you are probably dealing with a spider bite. Redness and swelling at the site of the bite are also common. Thankfully, most spiders bite only when provoked.

Symptoms to note: Innocuous spider bites often cause mild pain (like a bee sting) and even itching. But watch out for brown recluses and black widows: The former can cause necrotic lesions, while the latter can bring on muscle spasms, tremors, and nausea. Seek medical help if you suspect a bite from either of these spiders.

Related: How to Treat a Spider Bite


Mosquito bite

What it looks like: Mosquito bites present as small, puffy, round bumps that are lighter or redder than the surrounding skin. Bites often center around ankles, hairlines, and the backs of knees and necks, and they’re likely to be isolated—not part of a cluster (unless you were hanging out in prime mosquito territory during dawn or dusk).

Symptoms to note: As you most likely know, mosquito bites are painless at first, then very, very itchy. Some people suffer from “skeeter syndrome,” which causes the bites to grow into painful, swollen welts. Mosquitoes do carry a risk of certain diseases like West Nile and Zika, so monitor for cold- or flu-like symptoms after a bite.

Related: How to Prevent Mosquito Bites All Summer


Bed bug bites

What they look like: Often confused with mosquito bites, bed bug bites are small, red, puffy bumps that appear in lines or clusters, usually three or more. They can have distinct red marks at their center, and they often appear on exposed skin that touches the bed at night, including the arms, neck, or trunk of the body. With close examination of your room, you can often the find the bugs (or their droppings) in your mattress, particularly around the corners, the head end, and the cord that encircles it.

Symptoms to note: Bed bug bites are not too painful, but can be very itchy and swollen. The parasites don’t spread diseases like ticks do, but they’re difficult to remove and won’t stop biting you until they’re eradicated from your home.

Related: How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs


Head lice bites

What they look like: Another too-close-for-comfort pest are head lice, which leave patches of red, abraded spots on the scalp and surrounding skin (like this one pictured). Although their bites are small, the body’s reaction to them makes them grow. You might not even see the bites first—the initial giveaway might be tiny lice eggs (a.k.a. nits) first.

Symptoms to note: Lice bites are quite itchy, and an infestation can even feel like something is moving or tickling in the hair (which, to be honest, is what’s happening). This can actually cause trouble sleeping. Sores caused by scratching can also develop easily. The only solution is getting rid of the bugs ASAP.

Related: 7 Signs of Head Lice You Shouldn’t Ignore


Flea bites

What they look like: Like bed bug or lice bites, flea bites are red bumps that appear in lines and clusters. They’re distinctively small, and they often have reddish halos surrounding them. Fleas tend to bite around the ankles and in warm places like the knees, groin, and armpits—but honestly, they usually prefer your pets.

Symptoms to note: Flea bites are very itchy, and they might even become sore or painful, causing a rash around the affected skin. Scratching the bites could cause these symptoms to worsen or even lead to infection.


Fly bite

What it looks like: There are a few major fly species that bother people in the United States, including deer, horse, stable, and black flies. Bites vary by species and person, but they’re often raised, red bumps or welts. Some might even bleed. Blackfly bites also might swell. (Pictured here is a horse fly bite.)

Symptoms to note: More often than not, fly bites are going to hurt. After the pain subsides, some may also become itchy, but most fly bites are innocuous. In rare cases, deer flies can pass on the bacterial disease tularemia (which can cause a painful ulcer), and blackfly bites can lead to a flu-like condition called “blackfly fever.

Related: How to Get Rid of Fruit Flies


Sand fly bites

What they look like: Sand fly bites are distinct from those of other flies. They can appear alone, but often present in groups of small, red bumps or blisters.

Symptoms to note: Sand fly bites are generally painful and may start to itch. In certain parts of the world—including the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe–they can transmit cutaneous leischmaniasis, a parasitic infection that causes skin lesions and ulcers.


Chigger bites

What they look like: Also known as berry bugs or harvest mites, chiggers are those tiny, red mites that are almost invisible to the naked eye. Their bites take the form of flat, red patches or raised, red bumps, and they sometimes might even become blisters or pustules. Chiggers often bite the ankles, wrists, thighs, groin, and waist.

Symptoms to note: Contrary to popular belief, chiggers don’t burrow into your skin or suck blood—but that doesn’t make their bites any less itchy. The severe discomfort can last up to two weeks, but mites don’t spread disease, at least within the United States.

Related: How to Treat a Chigger Bite—and Get Rid of Berry Bugs for Good


Ant bites or stings

What they look like: Some ants can bite and sting. If you’re dealing with an aggressive one, it’s probably a fire ant, which are more common in the southern states. Fire ants, because they’re so lovely, will actually bite you so they can hold themselves against your body—and then proceed to sting you with their backend. The result can cause a pimple-like pustule, although some people don’t react at all.

Symptoms to note: Fire ant stings are very painful due to the potency of their venom, and since ants don’t lose their stingers when they attack, you’ll probably end up with multiple wounds. The inflammation and pain can take days or weeks to go away, and sometimes checking in with a doctor is needed.

Related: How to Get Rid of Ants


Bee sting

What it looks like: Bee stings vary from person to person. Some people exhibit only a small, light spot, while others get a larger, red welt. There also might be a white spot at the center where the sting occurred. In the case of a honey bee sting, the barbed stinger is often still attached—which will keep pumping venom into your body until you remove it.

Symptoms to note: Bee stings cause moderate pain, which should subside within a few hours. All insect stings can cause life-threatening allergic reactions, and bee stings are no exception. Monitor your symptoms after a sting and call 911 if you notice the signs of anaphylaxis, including swelling beyond the sting site, tightness in the chest or throat, or trouble breathing.

Related: How to Treat a Bee Sting

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Kids Health Information : Hives

Hives are slightly raised, red patches of skin called wheals (or welts). They occur in groups on any part of the body, and can look like mosquito bites. They are often itchy, but sometimes also sting. The medical word for hives is urticaria (er-tuh-care-ia).

Hives are usually a sign of an allergic reaction to things like food or an insect sting. Hives are very common – one out of every five people will have hives at some time in their life.

Treatment includes medicines and avoiding known triggers. The triggers may be different for each child.

Signs and symptoms of hives

If your child has hives, they may have raised round wheals that look like mosquito bites. The wheals are red on the outside and white in the middle.

  • Hives are normally very itchy, but can also sting.
  • A single wheal often lasts around 24 hours before fading without trace.
  • The wheals appear in batches or clusters. New batches may develop as old areas fade away. 
  • Often the wheals join together to form larger swellings. The area of affected skin can vary in size from quite small to as large as a dinner plate. 
  • Hives will usually go away within a few days, but may last weeks.

Hives can look or feel unpleasant, but usually they are harmless.


 Sometimes children have a more serious allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • difficulty with breathing and/or noisy breathing
  • wheeze or persistent cough
  • swelling of the tongue
  • swelling and/or tightness in the throat
  • difficulty talking or hoarse voice
  • loss of consciousness and/or collapse
  • becoming pale and floppy (infants/young children).

Call an ambulance immediately if your child has symptoms of anaphylaxis.

If your child has experienced anaphylactic reactions in the past, you may be advised to have an adrenaline autoinjector (e.g. an EpiPen) with you at all times. Your child could also wear a medical alert pendant or bracelet to let other people know what may cause them to have an allergic
reaction. Discuss this with your GP.

What causes hives?

Hives are a skin rash usually caused by an allergic reaction. Hives can occasionally occur without a trigger, but usually happen when the immune system responds to a substance (such as a food or insect venom) as if it were toxic (poisonous). Hives occur when blood
plasma leaks from the blood vessels into the skin. This happens when a chemical called histamine is released. 

The following can cause histamine release and hives:

  • insect stings or bites
  • viral infections (e. g. a cold or hepatitis)
  • chemicals in foods, medicines or plants.

For most children, each attack of hives will become more severe and intense if they are repeatedly exposed to the same trigger.

Usually tests are not performed because often it’s impossible to find out what triggers hives in children.

Care at home

Most of the time, hives can be safely managed at home, without the need to see a doctor. A pharmacist might provide you with some antihistamine medication for relief of symptoms during an episode. The best treatment for hives is to avoid the cause or trigger, however this is not
always possible.

You can help treat your child’s hives by:

  • avoiding known triggers for your child
  • avoiding things that make the rash worse, such as sunshine, heat and hot showers
  • applying cool compresses (a face washer, cloth nappy or clean tea towel soaked in cool water), which may help relieve the itching and stinging.

When to see a doctor

 If your child continues to have hives for more than six weeks, take them to see your GP.

Treatment for severe or frequent hives may include:

  • checking that the rash isn’t caused by an underlying disorder
  • medications such as corticosteroids, which can reduce the immune system’s response to the triggers
  • prescribing non-sedating antihistamines to provide relief from itching – these can be very useful if taken at bedtime.

If at any time the hives are associated with other symptoms (high fever, bruising, purple skin discolouration or joint pains), your child should be seen by a doctor.

Key points to remember

  • Hives are very common and are usually harmless.
  • Hives are a skin rash involving red, raised wheals that are usually very itchy.
  • This type of skin rash is an allergic reaction, which means the immune system responds to a substance as if it were toxic.
  • Treatment options include avoiding known triggers and medications such as antihistamines and corticosteroids.
  • Call an ambulance if your child has symptoms of anaphylaxis.

For more information

Common questions our doctors are asked

How effective are antihistamine medications?

Antihistamine medication won’t treat existing hives, but it will prevent hives from getting worse and prevent new hives from erupting. If your child is exposed to a known trigger, it is best to give them antihistamine medication as soon as you can.

Are there any creams I can put on my child’s hives to stop
them itching?

Talk to your pharmacist about creams and lotions that may help reduce the intensity of the itching. The most effective creams will include antihistamine.

Should I take my child to see an allergy specialist to find
out the cause of his hives?

If you are unable to determine the trigger, it is useful to keep a food and activity diary. An allergy specialist can also perform further testing to determine the most likely triggers for your child’s hives.

Developed by The Royal Children’s Hospital General Medicine and Dermatology departments. We acknowledge the input of RCH consumers and carers.

Reviewed July 2018.

Kids Health Info is supported by The Royal Children’s Hospital Foundation. To donate, visit


5 Types of Bug Bites

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Bug bites are never any fun, but sometimes a few itchy lumps are the price you’ve got to pay for an afternoon spent hiking in the woods or digging in the vegetable garden. But when do stings go from mildly annoying to a serious medical concern? Here are some of the most common bug bites you may experience in the U.S. and the accompanying symptoms that signal when it’s time to visit the doctor. Of course, seek professional care immediately in the advent of an emergency — it’s not worth the risk when it comes to your health, so play it safe if you’re truly worried.

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Bedbug Bites

Bedbugs are more of a nuisance than a threat to your health, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) say, but that doesn’t mean you should ignore them. Aside from being extremely itchy, an infestation in your mattress will keep you up at night and cause you to miss out on valuable sleep. Bedbug bites are small, red bumps that look similar to mosquito bites. Often you’ll notice them in a straight line on your back, stomach, or legs. You can treat bites with a cortisone cream or another anti-itch remedy — the bigger challenge is getting the insects out of your house.


Bee and Wasp Stings

If you’re stung by a bee, the CDC advises scraping the stinger away as soon as you can. In most cases, you’ll end up with a painful red welt that may have a white dot in the center. Wasps, including hornets and yellow jackets, don’t leave stingers behind, so they can sting you more than once. If you’re allergic to the venom, carry an epinephrine auto-injector, like an EpiPen, with you in the advent of a sting. Seek emergency medical treatment immediately if your throat begins to swell and you have difficulty breathing. If you’re not allergic but you’ve been stung many times — say, because you accidentally stepped on a nest — you may experience symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fever, and vertigo because of the venom building up in your body, and, according to the Mayo Clinic, you should seek medical care.



Scabies is actually more than just bug bites. It’s a parasite infestation caused by microscopic mites. The female burrows into your epidermis to lay her eggs. Yuck! Scabies causes an insanely itchy, pimply rash at the infestation site and resembles the worst acne breakout you’ve ever had. According to the CDC, scabies spreads like wildfire, so it’s important to get treated right away if you think you have it. Your doctor will likely prescribe a lotion that kills the mites and their eggs. The only way to get scabies is from other humans (no blaming it on your furry friends), so if you do have scabies, get everyone in your home checked, too.


Mosquito Bites

Most of us expect to get at least a few mosquito bites each summer. They’re itchy, annoying bumps that go away within a few days — typically no big deal. However, mosquitoes do carry a handful of diseases in the United States. West Nile Virus, a mosquito-borne illness reported in all lower 48 states, is also accompanied by fever-like symptoms (though many people infected won’t get sick at all). The bottom line is that if you’ve been bitten recently and start to develop a fever or other symptoms, make a doctor’s appointment right away.


Tick Bites

Ticks are infamous for carrying Lyme disease, but they can also spread other diseases like southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI) and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The latter produces a rash of small, pink splotches typically beginning on the wrists, arms, and ankles. To further complicate matters, the CDC says only 70-80% of people infected with Lyme disease develop a bull’s-eye rash, which looks almost identical to the lesion caused by STARI. If you discover a tick on you, remove it quickly with tweezers. Visit a doctor if you develop fever, chills, or a suspicious rash within a few weeks of removing a tick, according to the CDC. Tick-borne illnesses can be difficult to diagnose, however, because symptoms vary widely and many people who get infected never see the tick in the first place. Make it a habit to check yourself after all outdoor activities.

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Insect bites and stings – Symptoms

An insect bite or sting often causes a small, red lump on the skin, which may be painful and itchy.

Many bites will clear up within a few hours or days and can be safely treated at home.

It can be difficult to identify what you were bitten or stung by if you did not see it happen. But do not worry if you’re not sure – the treatment for most bites and stings is similar.

Wasp and hornet stings


A wasp or hornet sting causes a sudden, sharp pain at first. A swollen red mark may then form on your skin, which can last a few hours and may be painful and itchy.

Sometimes a larger area around the sting can be painful, red and swollen for up to a week. This is a minor allergic reaction that is not usually anything to worry about.

A few people may experience a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), causing breathing difficulties, dizziness and a swollen face or mouth. Dial 999 for an ambulance immediately if you have these symptoms.

Bee stings


A bee sting feels similar to a wasp sting, but the sting will often be left in the wound. See treating insect bites for advice about how to remove this safely.

The sting can cause pain, redness and swelling for a few hours. As with wasp stings, some people may have a mild allergic reaction that lasts up to a week.

Serious allergic reactions can also occasionally occur, causing breathing difficulties, dizziness and a swollen face or mouth. Dial 999 for an ambulance immediately if you have these symptoms.

Mosquito bites


Bites from mosquitoes often cause small red lumps on your skin. These are usually very itchy. Some people may also develop fluid-filled blisters.

Mosquitoes don’t cause major harm in the UK, but in some parts of the world they can spread serious illnesses such as malaria.

Get medical help right away if you develop worrying symptoms, such as a high temperature, chills, headaches and feeling sick, after a mosquito bite abroad.

Tick bites

Tick on pale skin


Tick on darker skin


Tick bites are not usually painful, so you may not realise you’ve been bitten straight away.

Symptoms of a tick bite can include:

  • a small red lump on the skin
  • swelling
  • itchiness
  • blistering
  • bruising

Ticks in the UK can sometimes carry a potentially serious infection called Lyme disease, so they should be removed as soon as possible if you find one attached to your skin.

See your GP if you develop any symptoms of Lyme disease, such as a rash that looks like a “bull’s-eye on a dartboard” or a fever.

Horsefly bites


A bite from a horsefly can be very painful and the bitten area of skin will usually be red and raised.

You may also experience:

  • a larger red, raised rash (called hives or urticaria)
  • dizziness
  • weakness
  • wheezing
  • part of your body becoming puffy and swollen

Horsefly bites can take a while to heal and can become infected. See your GP if you have symptoms of an infection, such as pus or increasing pain, redness and swelling.

Midge or gnat bites


Midge and gnat bites often look similar to mosquito bites.

They usually cause small, red lumps that can be painful and very itchy, and can sometimes swell up alarmingly.

Some people may also develop fluid-filled blisters.

Bedbug bites


Bedbug bites typically occur on the face, neck, hands or arms. They’re typically found in straight lines across the skin.

The bites are not usually painful, and if you’ve not been bitten by bedbugs before, you may not have any symptoms.

If you have been bitten before, you may develop itchy red bumps that can last for several days.

Mite bites


Mite bites cause very itchy red lumps to develop on the skin and can sometimes also cause blisters.

Mites usually bite uncovered skin, but you may be bitten on your tummy and thighs if your pet has mites and has been sitting on your lap.

Some mites burrow into the skin and cause a condition called scabies.

Flea bites


Flea bites can cause small, itchy red lumps that are sometimes grouped in lines or clusters. Blisters may also occasionally develop.

Fleas from cats and dogs often bite below the knee, commonly around the ankles. You may also get flea bites on your forearms if you’ve been stroking or holding your pet.

Spider bites


Bites from spiders in the UK are uncommon, but some native spiders – such as the false widow spider – are capable of giving a nasty bite.

Spider bites leave small puncture marks on the skin, which can be painful and cause redness and swelling.

Some spiders bites can cause you to feel or be sick, sweating and dizziness. Bites can also become infected or cause a severe allergic reaction in rare cases. Get medical help immediately if you have any severe or worrying symptoms after a spider bite.

Ant stings and bites

The most common ant in the UK, the black garden variety, does not sting or bite, but red ants, wood ants and flying ants sometimes do.

Ant bites and stings are generally harmless, although you’ll probably feel a nip and a pale pink mark may develop on your skin.

Sometimes the bitten area may be painful, itchy and swollen.

Ladybird bites


All ladybirds can bite, but a type called the harlequin ladybird found throughout much of the UK is more aggressive and tends to bite more often.

The harlequin ladybird can be red or orange with multiple spots. Look out for a white spot on its head – other ladybirds do not have these patches.

Ladybird bites can be painful, but are not usually anything to worry about.

Flower bug bites


Flower bugs are common insects that feed on aphids and mites. You can identify the common flower bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs.

Flower bugs bites can be painful and very itchy, and are often slow to heal.

Caterpillar hairs

The caterpillars of the oak processionary moth are a real pest. They were first found in the UK in 2006 and are now in London and parts of southeast England.

In late spring and summer, the caterpillars have thousands of tiny hairs that can cause itchy rashes, eye problems and sore throats – and very occasionally breathing difficulties. The caterpillars walk up and down trees in nose-to-tail processions.

If you find them, or spot one of their white silken nests, report it to the Forestry Commission or to your local council.

Page last reviewed: 08 July 2019
Next review due: 08 July 2022

What Are the Symptoms & Signs of Scabies?

Common symptoms of scabies include intense itching that’s often worse at night. You may also have a rash, pimple-like bumps, and small, curling lines on your skin.

Scabies symptoms

The symptoms of scabies aren’t always easy to see, or they may seem like something else (like a rash from allergies).

Signs of scabies are:

  • Intense itching that gets worse at night.

  • Rashes that have pimple-like bumps, tiny blisters, or scales.

  • Small, raised, crooked lines on your skin (caused by the scabies mites burrowing under the surface of your skin).

Places where people usually get a scabies rash include:

  • the webbing between your fingers

  • where your wrist, elbow, or knee bends

  • pubic and groin areas

  • breasts

  • belly button

  • penis and scrotum

  • thighs and the lower part of your butt

  • shoulder blades

  • around your waist

Symptoms may come and go, but that doesn’t mean the scabies infection went away. The only way to get rid of scabies is to get treated. You can spread scabies to other people whether or not you have symptoms, so it’s important to visit a doctor or nurse if you think you might have scabies.

When does the scabies skin rash usually develop?

If you’ve never had scabies before, it can take up to 3-6 weeks after you get scabies for the symptoms to start. But if you’ve had scabies before and get it again, the symptoms can start within a few days.

You can spread scabies to other people as soon as you get it — even before you have symptoms.

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Where Are These Mysterious Bug Bites Coming From?

March 14, 2017

As pest management professionals, we are sometimes asked to identify the cause of bug bites. We realize that waking up with bites on your body is extremely frustrating. Your bed is your safe place, so what’s biting you? Is it bed bugs or something else? Will the problem go away on its own, or do you need to bring in a pest control service?

Types Of Bugs That Bite Humans

Though there are many different types of insects, only a few actually bite humans, and fewer use us as their primary host. If you are waking up with unidentified bites on your arms, legs or torso, it’s probably one of the bugs below.

  • Bed Bugs – Red, splotchy bites that look like mosquito bites.

  • Bird Mites – Small, itchy, raised bites.

  • Chigger Mites – Large, red, and very itchy bites.

  • Biting Midges – Small, red, and very itchy bites.

  • Fleas – Red, itchy bites that are usually around the ankles.

  • Lice – Red, itchy bites that can be located on the scalp, neck, head, or groin.

  • Black Flies – Small to large bites that resemble mosquito bites.

  • Mosquitoes – Red, itchy bumps.

  • Scabies Mites – Red bumps, very itchy, sometimes with burrows.

  • Ticks – Usually found attached to the skin with a red circle and a bite.

Other Causes Of Red, Itchy Bites

It’s possible that you can get small, itchy bumps from other factors, such as food or environmental allergies. In fact, allergies are much more likely to cause these reactions than bug bites. It’s also possible that your skin may be reacting to a chemical in your cleaning products, a medication you’re taking or even stress.

Identifying The Culprit

If you believe that pesky bugs are responsible for your bites, it’s best to call in insect control. You don’t know what you’re dealing with, so it’s difficult to come up with a proper treatment. Using the wrong treatment can make things worse, costing you time, money and lost sleep in the long run.

A professional technician will inspect your home and sleeping area. With the right equipment and a trained eye, it’s hopeful that the specific pest can be identified. This way, the correct treatment can be administered on the spot, and you can be that much closer to a pest-free home!

Choosing a pest control company like Heritage Pest Control ensures that your home gets a treatment that is environmentally friendly. We are also happy to provide you with education on how to prevent future pest problems. Call us today to learn more!

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90,000 Twelve Easy Ways to Get Rid of Insect Bites

Experts have named effective natural methods of dealing with the consequences of the bites of annoying bloodsuckers.

Any insect bites are small allergic reactions of the body (pain, itching, swelling). At home, you can eliminate the unpleasant consequences of communication with wildlife using available means.

1. Tea tree oil

It can relieve itching, pain and swelling, is antibacterial and can prevent infection from insect bites.

2. Honey

Honey is anti-inflammatory and will help relieve itching.

4. Milk and water

Mix equal parts milk and water, dampen a piece of cloth and blot the itchy bite. This will have a calming effect.

5. Lemon juice

Provides relief from itching and has an antibacterial effect.

6. Lavender oil

Adding a few drops of lavender oil to the bite site will relieve itching and help keep from scratching.

7. Mint toothpaste

Toothpastes contain menthol, which creates a cool effect on the skin and the brain picks up this feeling much faster than the itching sensation.

8. Basil

Basil leaves contain chemicals that make you feel cool.Crush a few leaves and apply them directly to the bites.

9. Apple cider vinegar

This is a great home remedy for itching due to low acid levels. Apply it to your bites.

6. Coconut oil

Not only can coconut oil soothe itchy skin, it is also antibacterial.

10. Ice pack

One ice cube can constrict blood vessels and reduce the body’s natural production of histamine.

1 1. Tea bags

Used teabags (refrigerated) draws fluid from the bite and relieves itching.

12. Ointment Cortisone

Possesses natural anti-inflammatory properties, suppresses the body’s allergic reaction, helping to stop itching and swelling.

Earlier, “Kubanskie Novosti” spoke about the danger of contracting coronavirus through a mosquito bite.

Insect bites – BU “Nizhnevartovsk city polyclinic”

Insect bites

  • Insect bites can cause allergic reactions, local infections and systemic diseases.
  • In Russia, insect vectors are spreading Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, tularemia, Pogost’s disease and encephalitis caused by the Inkoo virus.
  • Allergy to wasp or bee stings can lead to anaphylactic reactions.
  • Prophylactic antihistamines may help with mosquito bite allergies.


  • When an insect bites, an erythematous spot first appears on the skin, which may enlarge like a blister.
  • There is usually a small petechiae in the center of the bite site.
  • Skin reaction is a combination of the effects of insect venom and the body’s immunological response, which explains a wide range of individual differences in responses.
  • Delayed allergic reactions may develop after insect bites. In their place, itchy papules or nodules persist for several weeks.
  • With anaphylaxis at the site of the bite, extensive erythema and edema usually develop, after a few minutes general symptoms such as malaise and low blood pressure join.
  • In addition, acute urticaria is possible, as well as generalized or limited itching of the palms and soles.
  • Anaphylactic reactions are especially common in individuals who are allergic to Hymenoptera stings. For information on testing and treatment, see the section on Hymenoptera below.

Complications caused by insect bites

  • Severe local reaction (painful erythema, edema, angioedema) near mucous membranes (eg, pharynx or lips) can lead to airway obstruction.
  • A purulent skin infection (pyoderma) may develop at the site of the bite.It is especially typical for tourists. See the article on skin problems in tourists.
  • There are rare cases of abscess, erysipelas, or phlegmon at the site of the bite.
  • In individuals sensitized to hymenoptera venom, a bite may result in an anaphylactic reaction.
  • Clinically significant infections spread by arthropods in Russia:
    • Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (both spread by ticks)
    • Tularemia, spread by mosquitoes, sometimes by ticks, midges or horseflies
    • Pogosta’s disease and encephalitis caused by the Inko virus (both diseases are spread by certain types of mosquitoes).


  • Diagnosis is based on history and clinical examination
  • It is important to evaluate the site of the bite (erythema annulus, necrotizing papule or ulcer, photograph) and other skin symptoms (eg, urticaria, pruritus), as well as mucosal disorders and general symptoms (fever, articular and neurological symptoms).
  • The diagnosis of Afzelius-Lipschütz erythema migrans and tularemia (scab ulcer) is clinical, which implies initiation of therapy based on the clinical presentation.
  • For anaphylaxis caused by hymenoptera venom, skin prick tests and specific serum IgE antibodies to wasp and bee venom should be performed.
  • In case of purulent infection of the bite site, bacteriological culture may be required.
  • In doubtful cases, histological examination of a skin biopsy may show a typical reaction to an insect bite, which, however, is not an absolute diagnostic criterion.

Diptera (mosquitoes and flies)


  • A mosquito bite causes the rapid appearance of a papule like urticaria, which almost always disappears spontaneously, but in sensitized persons it can persist for a long time and be accompanied by itching.
  • Large papules and even vesicles may appear.
  • Antihistamines, such as Cetirizinum (cetirizine) 10 mg once daily, reduce mosquito bite allergy symptoms, especially when taken prophylactically.


  • Midges cannot bite through clothing, but they can bite when crawling under it. Many develop papules that can last for up to several weeks.
  • Individuals allergic to their venom may develop extensive local tissue edema.
  • Midge bites usually cause severe itching, and scratching can lead to ulceration or secondary infection.


  • A horsefly bite usually causes a large papule with a pale spot in the center.
  • Treatment
    • For topical treatment, you can use ointments with class II – III glucocorticosteroids or their combination with an antiseptic 1–2 r / day. within 1-2 weeks.
    • In the presence of a secondary infection at the site of the bite, it is recommended to use antibacterial ointments or creams 2-3 times a day for 1 to 2 weeks.
    • Wet and cold compresses or cooling gel can help relieve symptoms.
    • For severe reactions, a 3-day course of oral glucocorticosteroids, such as Prednisolonum (prednisolone) 40 mg / day, may be indicated.


  • Due to the ingress of poison at the site of a wasp, (honey) bee or bumblebee sting, severe pain and swelling immediately occur.
  • Globally, hymenoptera venom sensitization causes many potentially fatal anaphylactic reactions every year.
  • People who are allergic to wasp venom are usually not allergic to bee venom and vice versa.
  • Treatment
    • The bite site must be immobilized to prevent further spread of the poison.
    • A bee sting remaining in the skin must be removed quickly to prevent the entire contents of the venom tank from being emptied into the skin.It is best to scrape it off the skin with a thin, flat object (bank card, coin). Wasp or bumblebee do not leave a sting in the skin.
    • Suitable first aid measures: cold compresses, lotions or cooling gel.
    • Individuals with multiple bites should be monitored to monitor systemic responses.
    • Anaphylactic reactions
      • Acute anaphylactic reactions are treated as anaphylaxis, and future contact with Hymenoptera should be avoided.
      • After the development of a systemic reaction (anaphylaxis) to a Hymenoptera bite, allergy tests are recommended.
      • First aid: the patient should carry an anti-shock kit containing a solution of Adrenalini hydrochloridum (epinephrine hydrochloride) 0.1% 1.0 ml in ampoules; in addition, 40 mg of Prednisolonum (prednisolone) and an antihistamine, for example in the form of lozenges, are administered once.
      • Examination for anaphylaxis
        • Hymenoptera venom allergy is diagnosed with positive prick test results and / or detection of IgE antibodies to bee or wasp venom after anaphylactic reaction.IgE-reaction can be determined only 1–2 months after the bite.
        • If both tests are positive, an allergen-specific IgE antibody test can be performed to identify the true cause of the allergy.
        • In such cases, it is also recommended to send a serum sample for immunochemical analysis (spot immunoassay), if this service is available. Unfortunately, this technique is not used in the Russian Federation.
        • If the patient has had a typical systemic reaction to Hymenoptera venom, but specific IgE tests are negative, these studies should be repeated and, in consultation with an allergist, the need for special tests should be considered.
        • Measurement of serum tryptase concentration is recommended to rule out mastocytosis in patients who have had an anaphylactic reaction to Hymenoptera venom. The analysis should be carried out in a non-acute phase (for example, 1-2 months after the reaction).
        • Desensitization (allergy to hymenoptera venom)
          • Severe systemic reaction (local reaction and symptoms from the cardiovascular or respiratory systems) to a hymenoptera (wasp or bee) sting is an absolute indication for desensitization.
          • In the case of a mild systemic reaction (local reaction and urticaria or swelling of the mucous membranes), desensitization may be considered if there is a high likelihood of a second bite or fear of it affects the patient’s quality of life.
          • In case of extensive local reactions, desensitization is not indicated.
          • In patients allergic to Hymenoptera venom, desensitization should be continued for 5 years, after which, in almost all (at least 80%), its effectiveness persists for at least 7 years.
          • Knowing that desensitization is likely to prevent anaphylactic reactions improves quality of life.

Lice (Anoplura)

  • Blood-sucking species parasitizing in humans: head, clothes and pubic lice.
  • Head lice epidemics can occur in schools and kindergartens.
  • Body lice are rare now; they appear mainly in alcoholics and persons leading an asocial lifestyle.
  • Normal washing of clothes in a washing machine is sufficient for disinfection.
  • Pubic lice are commonly sexually transmitted; symptoms: itching and pustules in the genital area, nits in the pubic hair.

Bed bugs and fleas

  • Bedbugs live in old, dirty buildings. They can be transported with old furniture. Bed bugs suck blood at night.
  • Small insects that parasitize birds, dogs, cats (for example, the Cheyletiella tick) and rodents also bite humans.
    • Symptoms most often appear in spring (in people working in a poultry house or leaving for country houses for the first time after winter).
    • Bites from bugs and fleas cause hard, severely itchy papules with a bite mark (petechiae) in the center. They are most often noted on areas of the skin covered by clothing.
    • Skin manifestations may persist for several days, and symptoms develop only in sensitized patients.
    • A blister or extensive swelling may appear immediately at the site of the bite, which is easily confused with erysipelas or other bacterial infection.
    • Papules usually appear in clusters at the site of several bites, but rows of bites are also characteristic.
    • Fleas cause papular urticaria, sometimes seen in children in summer (stropulus). The patient is usually unaware of the cause of the rash, making diagnosis difficult.
    • Sensitization is necessary for the reaction to develop, which is why not all family members have symptoms.
    • Treatment
      • In case of bedbug and flea bites, it is usually sufficient to use an ointment or solution with a class II – III glucocorticosteroid 1–2 r / day.within 1-2 weeks.
      • Disinsection of bedbugs in residential buildings requires special knowledge about where they can hide and how to destroy them, and calling a special service.


  • Hair of the larvae of some butterflies (for example, raspberry cocoon moth) can cause toxic and allergic reactions.


  • Tick Ixodes ricinus is a carrier of Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, rarely tularemia.
  • Tick bites are painless and may not be noticed.
  • In Russia, ticks are active from April to November, and their favorite habitat is lawns, grass, low shrubs and grassy cover in wooded areas.
  • Tall boots and trousers are best for protection.
  • When entering the mite habitat, every evening it is necessary to inspect the skin and clothes and, if found, remove them.
  • For transmission of borrelia from tick to human, the tick must remain in the skin for at least several hours or even days; therefore, it must be found and removed as quickly as possible.
    • The most common symptom in the early stages of Lyme disease is erythema annular enlargement (EM), which appears within a week around the site of a tick bite.
    • Within a few days or weeks, erythema usually reaches a size of 5-10 cm, sometimes much larger, and subsequently may spontaneously disappear.
    • Typically, a 5 cm skin lesion seen within 5 days of a tick bite indicates ME. Faster, smaller responses may be an inflammatory response to components of the tick’s saliva.
    • Lyme disease is always diagnosed based on clinical signs. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the infection is diagnosed at an early stage, while antibody tests are impractical.
    • For diagnosis at later stages, laboratory tests are required (antibodies to borrelia in serum).
    • Tick removal
      • Grasp the tick with tweezers (small, sharp ones) as close to the skin as possible.
      • Try to remove the entire tick simply by slowly pulling it straight up.Do not try to remove it with oil or ointments. If the head of the tick remains in the skin, it can be removed with a needle after disinfecting the skin.


  • In the Russian Federation there are karakurt, tarantula, etc.
  • Spiders usually bite humans only if they accidentally press against the skin.
  • The most dangerous spider in Russia is the karakurt. With untimely assistance, its poison can be fatal.Serum administration is necessary. The poison of the South Russian tarantula is not life threatening, but it can lead to edema, severe pain at the site of the bite, and an allergic reaction. The effect of a water spider bite ( Argyroneta aquatica ) is similar to that of a wasp bite.
  • Hunter bites and large spider bites can be painful.
  • They are treated like Hymenoptera bites.

Protection against insect bites

  • Clothing should cover as much of the body as possible, which is especially important for small children.
  • Light-colored clothing with long sleeves and legs is preferable. Mosquitoes, for example, can bite through thin tissue.
  • It is recommended to wear a headgear on the head, ankles and feet can be protected with socks and shoes. Legs can be tucked into socks. Closed shoes are preferred over sandals.


  • Active ingredients of repellents sold in Russia: diethyltoluamide (DEET), icaridin.
  • The repellent effect usually lasts several hours, but intense sweating will shorten this period.
  • The strength and duration of repellents are interdependent, i.e. the stronger the repellent, the longer the duration of its action.
  • Preferably, the concentration of active substance in mosquito repellents is at least 20%.
  • Repellants containing DEET at a concentration of more than 35% can be recommended when there are really large numbers of mosquitoes, if the repellent evaporates quickly from the skin, as well as for people traveling to tick habitats.
  • 50% solutions are effective against ticks, and 20% are effective against mosquitoes, midges and biting midges, if used according to the instructions on the package.
  • Repellents are not effective against deer bloodsuckers, wasps, bees and bumblebees.

Information provided from source

Views: 60973

90,000 Doctor73 – News – A dermatologist of the Central Medical Unit named after V.A. Yegorova Lyudmila Lapushkina

Dermatologist of the Central Medical Unit named after V.A. Yegorov Lyudmila Lapushkina told how to escape from mosquito bites

Mosquitoes spoil our rest not only in nature and near water bodies, but also when we are at home. One of the common claims is that mosquitoes bite more often people with a certain blood type. But one of the reasons mosquitoes choose their “victims” is the smell of the human body. Lyudmila Lapushkina, a dermatologist at polyclinic No. 2 of the Central Clinical Medical Unit, told how to protect herself from mosquito bites.

– Why are mosquito bites dangerous?

-The mosquito bite itself is often painless, but the consequences can be serious. After biting through the skin, the mosquito injects an anticoagulant. It is he who prevents blood clotting, causes swelling and redness. Mosquito saliva quickly spreads to adjacent tissues. This is why a mosquito bite itches. If you scratch the bite site, the itching will only get worse. Allergies to mosquito bites are rare. However, the appearance of unpleasant symptoms cannot be ruled out.In sensitive people, allergy symptoms may appear to a greater or lesser degree. They are accompanied by edema, headache, dizziness, nausea, fever. It is important to know what to do if a mosquito has bitten, a person’s temperature rises above 38 degrees, severe itching occurs, convulsions or attacks of suffocation appear, severe headaches, chills, and dizziness occur. The situation can be complicated by loss of consciousness or vomiting. In this case, you must immediately call a doctor.

– What kind of clothing will protect you from mosquitoes?

-It is better to prevent insect bites than to deal with their consequences. Therefore, in order to protect yourself and your health from annoying mosquitoes, you should protect yourself. The safest “non-chemical” protection is closed clothing. Therefore, it is better to choose clothes with long sleeves outdoors, preferably made of thick fabric, something else on your head, and trousers on your legs – and the mosquito will not get to you. In addition, light clothing will help, which mosquitoes do not like, and therefore actively will not attack.However, you can dress like this when it’s cool outside. If the heat is – hands and feet are bare – you can use special anti-mosquito bites.

– How to protect yourself from mosquitoes?

-Special creams, sprays, lotions will help protect you from bites. However, over-the-counter products can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, if there is a tendency to such – it is worth consulting a doctor. Or make a test – apply the agent on the inner surface of the forearm and wait a certain time – there will be no irritation to see.

– How to protect children from mosquitoes?

-Choosing creams or lotions for mosquito bites for children – a dermatologist advises to adhere to the recommendations indicated on the package. As a rule, such funds can be applied to children from two to three years. If the baby is not allergic, these remedies themselves do not carry much harm. Another thing – too “sensitive” to allergies baby – then you need to consult a doctor. If a child develops itching after being bitten by a mosquito, be sure to disinfect the wound.To avoid getting an infection – do not let the baby “comb” it. The same applies to adults – the main thing is not to scratch the place of mosquito bites!

– What repels mosquitoes?
-To get rid of mosquitoes indoors – if possible, put mosquito nets. The effect of it will be greater if you sprinkle the mesh with citrus, pine or geranium essential oil. Mosquitoes also dislike the specific, rich smells of smoke. You can scare them away with the help of smoke from needles thrown into the fire, cones (if you are in nature), a few drops of camphor or cedar oil.Mosquitoes are also repelled by tobacco smoke and the smell of valerian. The same means will help get rid of midges and flies. A tablespoon of edible clove broth mixed with the same amount of any cologne will also help get rid of mosquitoes for a while. Or, alternatively, cut a lemon in half and insert clove buds into it. Place the “composition” next to the bed and you can sleep with the window open. Nice smell and no mosquitoes guaranteed.

– Is a mosquito fumigator harmful?

-Effectively against mosquitoes the electro-fumigator with plates also acts.Such a small device that plugs into an outlet. Its principle of operation is simple: a cardboard plate impregnated with an insecticide, or a can with the same preparation, but in liquid form, is heated. The heat begins to evaporate the insecticide, and after 10-12 minutes, the surrounding mosquitoes lose interest in you. The radius of action of a good fumigator is 12 sq. meters. An hour before you have to go to bed, it is better to turn off the device. Despite its effectiveness, its action is harmful, especially for children and pregnant women.Therefore, it is better to use a fumigator when no one is in the house and at the same time ventilate the room. If, when using the device, there is a headache, unexpected skin rashes, stuffy nose or throat “tears”, it is better to refuse it.

– What to do if a mosquito is bitten?

If the “little vampire” has already bitten – first you need to reduce the itching. Again, you can use special products: creams, lotions. Or you can choose folk methods.The easiest is to treat the affected area with calendula tincture. Or wet the bite site with a regular soda solution – 1 teaspoon in a glass of water and brush with lemon juice. If it was not possible to protect yourself from mosquitoes, the blisters from the bites became inflamed, and the itching does not go away for a long time and is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, you must seek qualified medical help at the clinic.

Allergy to bites of blood-sucking insects: how it manifests itself and how dangerous

There are insects that sting, and there are those that bite.Bees, wasps, bumblebees and ants, when they sense danger, sting. They inject poison that can cause an allergic reaction in a person. Let’s talk about blood-sucking insects – mosquitoes, mosquitoes, bedbugs and others. These drink blood to get food.

The saliva of these small predators contains a mixture of proteins: anticoagulants that prevent the victim’s blood from clotting, and proteins that help blood flow into the mouth.

Therefore, a person, as a rule, reacts differently to the bites of stinging and blood-sucking insects.

Allergy to a bloodsucker bite occurs rarely

Allergic reactions of an immediate type can occur to the venom of bees and wasps, and they are infrequent to the bites of blood-sucking insects.

Systemic allergic reactions are rarely caused by bites from hornets, bumblebees, ants, mosquitoes or flies. Almost never, such a reaction occurs as a result of ticks, bedbugs, caterpillars or spiders bites: only a red ring or bump is observed at the bite site.

Also local and extremely rare allergic reactions can be to the bites of mosquitoes, horseflies and flies.

In addition, flea, tick, and mosquito bites cause itching rather than pain, unlike stinging. Another symptom is redness. Scratching the wound can trigger an infection, and the skin will become rough and crusty.

Both redness and itching (swelling is possible) are not caused by the bite itself, but by the reaction of the immune system to the proteins of the insect’s saliva. It is rather a toxic reaction, that is, the body’s response to foreign substances.

Other manifestations include nausea, fever, loss of consciousness, convulsions, shock.Even a lethal outcome is possible.

Bite allergy symptoms

An allergic reaction to bloodsucker bites can have the following symptoms:

In addition, serum sickness may occur in response to a bite. Its symptoms are similar to those of the flu (fever, muscle pain), and sometimes hives appear.

Cockroaches and dust mites can also provoke allergies. At risk are workers in warehouses and granaries, silk-winding production, foresters, entomologists and employees of insectarians.

Such people can develop both contact allergy, manifested by a rash, and inhalation. Its symptoms are similar to those of a common cold. This is a runny nose, cough, itchy eyes, mouth, or throat. But, unlike a cold, these symptoms can last for several weeks or even months. Some people may develop asthma.

For example, year-round allergic rhinitis, one of the most common allergic diseases, is precisely the reaction of patients to mites living in house dust.

How to treat allergy symptoms

To reduce itching and swelling at the site of the bite, doctors advise:

  • wash affected area with soap and water;
  • Apply ice to the bite site to prevent the spread of the poison;
  • do not comb itchy wounds;
  • ointments for healing wounds from insect bites should be used only after consultation with an allergist, which is especially important for patients with allergies;
  • if in a personal history there were cases of an acute reaction of the body to allergens, including difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath, you should always have an automatic injector-syringe with adrenaline with you, which will help relieve the symptoms of anaphylactic shock.

Bites of non-venomous insects, as well as those, the reaction to which develops without anaphylactic shock, do not need first aid. It is enough to use local antipruritic (sometimes antimicrobial) agents.

Why mosquitoes and mosquitoes are dangerous

It is important to protect yourself from mosquito bites, not only because toxic and allergic reactions can be observed on the saliva of these insects. Mosquitoes, even in the Ukrainian climate, carry malaria.And also – viruses and larvae of parasitic worms – filaria.

Due to climate warming, filariasis, which were previously considered tropical diseases, are increasingly common in Ukraine. Read more about the dangers of mosquito bites and how to protect yourself from them here.

Mosquitoes are very small (about 3 mm) flies of gold, brown or gray color. They are found mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, from the rain forests of Brazil to the deserts of Western Asia.

Pose a danger to tourists traveling to exotic countries.

Mosquito bite causes pain and itching. In its place, red bumps and blisters can develop, sometimes ulcers.

Allergies to mosquito bites are rare. However, the good news ends there: mosquitoes carry a serious tropical disease called leishmaniasis.

It is of two types – cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. The former can cause skin ulcers that are difficult to heal, the latter can cause serious damage to internal organs, in particular the liver and spleen.

When going to places where there is a risk of being bitten by a mosquito, use the recommendations for protection against mosquito bites.

Now let’s talk about the bites of blood-sucking insects that can threaten us even at home.

Bedbugs – night hunters

Bed bugs are flat wingless insects, usually brown or red, up to 1 cm in length. Contrary to popular belief, they live not only in cheap hotels and hostels.They can be found wherever there is a large flow of people, crowded conditions and pest control is neglected.

These insects can appear both in the office and in a private home, “arriving” on your belongings from the airport or hotel.

Bed bugs usually feed on human blood at night. Having found bite marks in the morning, the victim often confuses them with allergic rashes.

In places of bites, itching may be felt, red small dense swelling occurs. The rash is linear, marking the movement of the insect along the human body.

Bedbugs, unlike mosquitoes, do not transmit pathogens through a bite. However, scientists in Latin America have the latest data, according to which bedbugs can carry the Chagas disease common there.

The biggest problem from bedbug bites is the possibility of infection of the skin around the bite site: the itching is severe and it is difficult to resist scratching the wounds. A concomitant complication is insomnia: a person has a fear that insects will attack him again during sleep.

How does bug bite allergy manifest

If you are allergic to bug bites, you will experience more severe symptoms than just itching. The most common signs of an allergic reaction to a bug bite are painful swelling and burning at the site of the bite, and in some rare cases, an anaphylactic response.

Prevention of bedbug bites

You can protect yourself from bedbug bites, first of all, by destroying them in your home.For this, they carry out general cleaning using insecticides.

Compulsory processing of mattresses, washing of bed linen and clothes at a high temperature.

When traveling, do not put luggage on the bed in the hotel to reduce the risk of carrying bed bugs in the suitcase. Upon returning home, it is worth handling any luggage: vacuuming, washing, washing.

Why fleas are dangerous

Fleas can enter a living space on human shoes, on the hair of pets.They appear especially often in private houses or on the lower floors of multi-storey buildings.

After 5-30 minutes, small itchy red bumps may form at the site of the flea bite. Like the traces of bug bites, sometimes they are located in a heap or in a line – in the direction of the insect’s movement.

Blistering is also possible. In sensitive individuals, the bite site may itch for a week or longer.

Fleas jump onto humans from cats or dogs, often bite below the knees, usually around the ankles.But if you pet or just hold the pet, the flea can bite in the forearm as well.

The danger of fleas is not only in bites and possible allergies to them. With saliva, the flea often injects the bacteria that carry typhus and bubonic plague into the blood of the victim, which can be fatal.

Fleas can also bring pathogens from rodents living in the backyard.

Control of fleas in an apartment primarily includes the destruction of pets and thorough cleaning.An essential point: flea eggs are usually laid in secluded and warm places; so be sure to check and treat bedspreads, carpets, pet bedding.

Read more about the causes and mechanisms of the onset and development of allergies here. And regularly visiting our website will keep you updated with the latest news on molecular allergy diagnostics and allergy treatment. Its modern methods already now allow you to determine which insect proteins your body reacts to.

90,000 The child was bitten by mosquitoes. How to save? – Common children, Voronezh

Allergy to mosquitoes in children. What to do if a child is severely bitten by mosquitoes

Mosquito bites that live in central Russia rarely cause any complications in adults. However, mosquito bites in a child aged 1 to 3 years (especially on the face) are often accompanied by various allergic reactions. If insect protection has not been used, and the child is still severely bitten by mosquitoes, it is necessary to help him as soon as possible.To do this, it is important to correctly recognize the bites of hungry insects and distinguish them from the symptoms of skin diseases.

How to distinguish a mosquito bite from an allergy?

If a child is bitten by a mosquito, the affected area swells and redness appears. The diameter can be 5-10 cm. A tumor forms at the site of the bite and severe itching begins. The overall response depends on how many times the mosquito has bitten. If there was a massive “attack”, then sneezing, hives, a hoarse voice, and over time – fever and chills can be added to these symptoms.

The occurrence of such side effects is due to the child’s allergic reaction to anticoagulants. These substances are contained in the saliva that the mosquito secretes at the time of the bite. In the first years of life, the baby is extremely vulnerable to any allergens and irritants and may become anxious by scratching the bite area, risking infection.

Please note that quite often mosquito allergies in children are confused with diathesis or chickenpox, resulting in inappropriate medical care.

Diathesis appears in the form of red spots on the baby’s cheeks, which subsequently become crusted. The same crusts can appear on the scalp and on the eyebrows. Like mosquito bites, diathesis sites itch. You can distinguish them by their appearance by finding photos of such symptoms on the Internet.

Chickenpox (“chickenpox”) can be distinguished by the presence of water bubbles at the site of the swelling. Photos with images of the manifestations of the disease will help you establish the origin of the rash.

What to do if a child is bitten by a mosquito

To relieve the first symptoms, it is necessary to disinfect the wound and relieve itching by treating the affected area with a solution of baking soda. If a mosquito has bitten a child on a sensitive area such as the eye, a cold compress will reduce the swelling.

How to smear mosquito bites on a child

If the child has been bitten by mosquitoes and you do not want to waste time preparing solutions and compresses, you can anoint the affected area with Gardex balm.It will not only alleviate discomfort, but will also contribute to the rapid healing of the wound. Gardex balm is convenient to use and carry, thanks to its compact size. Components of natural origin included in the Gardeks balm will help relieve symptoms quickly and safely, subject to the instructions.

How to help a child after an insect bite?

In this article we will tell you how you can relieve itching after an insect bite with the help of the My Sun line, as well as how to protect your child from bites in the future.

Did you know that there are 250 million times more insects than people on our planet? Their total weight is 30-40 times that of all people. And only 5% of insects are blood-sucking. But how they poison the life of all warm-blooded people!

The most famous and annoying of them are mosquitoes. Although they look quite harmless, bites can cause unpleasant itching, from which there will be no rest for hours.

That is why every parent should know how to treat bites and always have special anti-itch products in the medicine cabinet.

Why does a mosquito bite itch?

Almost immediately after you have been attacked by a mosquito, the bite site begins to itch terribly. When a mosquito bites, an anticoagulant is injected into the skin, which prevents blood from clotting and helps the mosquito enjoy warm blood for a long time (until it is driven away or swatted). Side effects of the anticoagulant are itching, burning, redness and swelling of the skin.

It is impossible to comb the bite site, otherwise you can infect the wound. Redness, thickening of the skin around the bite site and itching may be disturbing for several days, but this is a completely normal reaction of the body.You should only worry if signs of edema and rash appear – these are true symptoms of an allergic reaction that has begun.

Simple anti-mosquito remedies cannot stop it; it is necessary to select special antihistamines. If you experience more severe symptoms of a bite reaction, see your doctor urgently!

When a mosquito bites a child – this is a particularly unpleasant situation that requires increased attention from the parent. After all, you cannot explain to a baby what consequences await him if he scratches the wound.

Children are a special treat for blood-sucking babies, because their skin is thin and delicate. Therefore, it is important for parents to quickly process the bite site and relieve discomfort.

The hypoallergenic baby balm after insect bites “My Sun” in a convenient pencil form will help you with this. A complex of active ingredients based on extract of barley grains, shea butter and argan with extracts of chamomile and plantain will quickly soothe the skin at the site of the bite. Peppermint oil will cool and refresh it for a long time.


Mosquito bites in children carry a number of unpleasant consequences – from itching to fever and swelling. But he who is forewarned is armed! In order not to suffer with the consequences of bites, try to avoid them. To do this, use professional mosquito repellents from the “My Sun” line in the form of a cream or spray – with them insects will not smell the baby and will fly to look for another victim.

Means of the line “My Sun” for protection against insects

Mosquitoes see poorly (up to 1.5 meters) and do not “hear” very well.They search for their prey by the concentration of carbon dioxide exhaled by warm-blooded animals and humans, heat radiation and the smell of a person’s “microbial landscape”, which is activated by perspiration.

The mechanism of action of the main repellents and is based on the principle of “make-man-invisible”. They mask the odor that is attractive to the mosquito, so it does not sit on the skin. For example, the well-known diethyltoluolamide (DEET) neutralizes the smell of lactic acid. But this substance itself is quite toxic; it is not recommended to use it in products for children under 2 years of age.And it is better to apply it on clothes, not on the skin.

IR3535® repellent is structurally similar to the amino acid beta-alanine and is completely harmless to humans. But insects do not tolerate its smell, they do not even sit on the skin covered with this substance.

Children’s repellents “My Sun” based on one of the most modern and safe ingredients – IR3535® – provide effective protection of babies from the unpleasant and sometimes dangerous consequences of a mosquito bite.

That is why in the fight against blood-sucking insects, use the line of products “My Sun”, designed specifically for children:

  • Children’s protective spray against mosquitoes “My Sun”. Spray reliably protects babies from mosquito bites, horseflies and other flying insects. The spray contains an active repellant IR3535®, so that the product can be used by children from one year old.
  • Children’s mosquito protection cream “My Sun”. If you are going to have an active holiday in nature, and not only baby’s clothes, but also open skin areas require protection, additionally use the cream “My Sun”. Its effect lasts up to 2 hours, but if necessary, we recommend to apply it more often.
  • Children’s balm after insect bites “My sun”. The convenient stick-shaped balm format will help the mother to point and effectively treat the baby’s bite site, and the complex of active ingredients based on natural herbs and oils will additionally take care of the damaged skin.

All products of the line “My Sun” for protection against insects have passed laboratory tests and have been approved by pediatricians.

With the special products of the “My Sun” line, you will not be afraid of bites of blood-sucking insects!

Material prepared with the support of

Doctor73 – News – A dermatologist of the Central Medical Unit named after V.

A. Egorova Lyudmila Lapushkina

Lyudmila Lapushkina, dermatologist of the Central Medical Unit named after V.A. Yegorov, told how to escape from mosquito bites

Mosquitoes spoil our rest not only in nature and near water bodies, but also when we are at home. One of the common claims is that mosquitoes bite more often people with a certain blood type. But one of the reasons mosquitoes choose their “victims” is the smell of the human body. Lyudmila Lapushkina, a dermatologist at polyclinic No. 2 of the Central Clinical Medical Unit, told how to protect herself from mosquito bites.

– Why are mosquito bites dangerous?

-The mosquito bite itself is often painless, but the consequences can be serious. After biting through the skin, the mosquito injects an anticoagulant. It is he who prevents blood clotting, causes swelling and redness. Mosquito saliva quickly spreads to adjacent tissues. This is why a mosquito bite itches. If you scratch the bite site, the itching will only get worse. Allergies to mosquito bites are rare. However, the appearance of unpleasant symptoms cannot be ruled out.In sensitive people, allergy symptoms may appear to a greater or lesser degree. They are accompanied by edema, headache, dizziness, nausea, fever. It is important to know what to do if a mosquito has bitten, a person’s temperature rises above 38 degrees, severe itching occurs, convulsions or attacks of suffocation appear, severe headaches, chills, and dizziness occur. The situation can be complicated by loss of consciousness or vomiting. In this case, you must immediately call a doctor.

– What kind of clothing will protect you from mosquitoes?

-It is better to prevent insect bites than to deal with their effects. Therefore, in order to protect yourself and your health from annoying mosquitoes, you should protect yourself. The safest “non-chemical” protection is closed clothing. Therefore, in nature, it is better to choose clothes with long sleeves, preferably made of thick fabric, something else on your head, and pants on your legs – and the mosquito will not get to you. In addition, light-colored clothing will help, which mosquitoes do not like, and therefore will not actively attack.However, you can dress like this when it’s cool outside. If the heat is – hands and feet are bare – you can use special anti-mosquito bites.

– How to protect yourself from mosquitoes?

-Special creams, sprays, lotions will help protect you from bites. However, over-the-counter products can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, if there is a tendency to such – it is worth consulting a doctor. Or make a test – apply the agent on the inner surface of the forearm and wait a certain time – there will be no irritation to see.

– How to keep children from mosquitoes?

– When choosing creams or lotions for mosquito bites for children, a dermatologist advises to adhere to the recommendations indicated on the package. As a rule, such funds can be applied to children from two to three years. If the baby is not allergic, these remedies themselves do not carry much harm. Another thing – too “sensitive” to allergies baby – then you need to consult a doctor. If a child develops itching after being bitten by a mosquito, be sure to disinfect the wound.To avoid getting an infection – do not let the baby “comb” it. The same applies to adults – the main thing is not to scratch the place of mosquito bites!

– What keeps mosquitoes away?

-To get rid of mosquitoes indoors, if possible, put mosquito nets. The effect of it will be greater if you sprinkle the mesh with citrus, pine or geranium essential oil. Mosquitoes also dislike the specific, rich smells of smoke. You can scare them away with the help of smoke from needles thrown into the fire, cones (if you are in nature), a few drops of camphor or cedar oil.Mosquitoes are also repelled by tobacco smoke and the smell of valerian. The same means will help get rid of midges and flies. A tablespoon of edible clove broth mixed with the same amount of any cologne will also help get rid of mosquitoes for a while. Alternatively, cut a lemon in half and insert clove buds into it. Place the “composition” next to the bed and you can sleep with the window open. Nice smell and no mosquitoes guaranteed.

– Is a mosquito fumigator harmful?

– An electro-fumigator with plates also works effectively against mosquitoes.Such a small device that plugs into an outlet. Its principle of operation is simple: a cardboard plate impregnated with an insecticide, or a can with the same preparation, but in liquid form, is heated. The heat begins to evaporate the insecticide, and after 10-12 minutes, the surrounding mosquitoes lose interest in you. The radius of action of a good fumigator is 12 sq. meters. An hour before you have to go to bed, it is better to turn off the device. Despite its effectiveness, its action is harmful, especially for children and pregnant women.Therefore, it is better to use a fumigator when no one is in the house and at the same time ventilate the room. If, when using the device, there is a headache, unexpected skin rashes, stuffy nose or throat “tears”, it is better to refuse it.

– What to do if a mosquito is bitten?

If the “little vampire” has already bitten – first you need to reduce the itching. Again, you can use special products: creams, lotions. Or you can choose folk methods.The easiest is to treat the affected area with calendula tincture. Or wet the bite site with a regular soda solution – 1 teaspoon in a glass of water and brush with lemon juice. If it was not possible to protect yourself from mosquitoes, the blisters from the bites became inflamed, and the itching does not go away for a long time and is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, you must seek qualified medical help at the clinic.

Doctor Komarovsky told what to do if a child was bitten by mosquitoes

Avoiding insect bites in the spring-summer period is not only difficult, but almost impossible.Although, it is necessary to make every effort to protect the child from this trouble. But what if you overlooked and the baby has an itchy blister? Famous pediatrician Komarovsky shared his recommendations with parents.


As a rule, mosquito bites are not dangerous, although extremely unpleasant. However, in some cases, a reaction is possible that is not always limited to the site of the bite – the substance that the insect injects at the time of the bite enters the bloodstream and can cause the release of histamine and an allergic reaction of varying severity.

But even if nothing like this happens, the child combs the bite site, it does not heal for a long time, which is even more unpleasant – a wound forms in the combed place, where dirt gets into and, as a result, suppuration. And in general, the bite of any insect, be it a mosquito, a wasp, a bee, is painful for a child (as well as for an adult), which means that something needs to be done about it.

Source: instagram @uakomar

doctor_komarovskiy When responding to insect bites, there are two possible situations to consider:
1. The reaction of the organism is the response to the effect of the poison of a particular insect.
2. A person has an allergy, that is, hypersensitivity to one of the components of the venom of a particular insect. In the second case, in addition to, so to speak, a standard reaction, allergic local and general manifestations of varying severity are possible, sometimes extremely dangerous, up to anaphylactic shock.
In the absence of allergies, the situation is quite manageable and not particularly dangerous. Immediately after the bite – it is advisable to apply something cold to the bitten place, in the future – antiallergic ointments, inside – calcium gluconate, antiallergic (antihistamines) can be used.Note that antiallergic ointments are based on herbal preparations (for example “fladex”), antihistamines, the most typical representative is “fenistil-gel”, and on the basis of corticosteride hormones – hydrocortisone, prednisolone ointments, more modern and effective – “advantan”, Elokom.
What to use depends on the severity of the local reaction. If there is severe swelling, itching – most likely hormonal ointments, if, about mosquito bites – then fenistil gel is more than enough.I understand perfectly well that in a civilized country it is not you who should decide what to smear and what to give, but a doctor, but I also perfectly understand how “easy” it is to find a doctor somewhere on a summer cottage or in a tent camp on the seashore – only for this reason and I pronounce the name of the drugs.
If there is an allergy, it can be difficult to do without medical assistance. At least, if close relatives or this child had pronounced reactions to bites, immediately after the bite – cold, then ointment, optimally, from my point of view, “Advantan”.In the presence of general reactions – rash, shortness of breath, fainting – in / m prednisolone or dexamethasone 2-3 ml and soon to the hospital. I insist that if a child or close relatives had common severe reactions to insect bites, you should not go to nature without 5 ampoules of dexamethasone and a disposable syringe.

Source: instagram @doctor_komarovskiy

The opinion of the editorial board may not coincide with the opinion of the author of the article.

Use of photos: Clause 4 of Article 21 of the Law of Ukraine “On Copyright and Related Rights -” Reproduction for the purpose of covering current events by means of photography or cinematography, public communication or communication of works seen or heard during such events, to the extent justified by the informational purpose …»

Child bitten by mosquitoes: what to do?

In summer, children, especially very small children, suffer most from mosquito bites. Babies have thinner and more sensitive skin, so every mosquito or midge bite leaves a large swollen blister on it, which, moreover, itches and hurts mercilessly. How can you anoint mosquito bites in a child , so as not to harm the young body and not cause allergies?

Traditional medicines

If the child has been bitten by a mosquito, and there are no pharmacy products at hand, anoint the bite with dandelion juice and cover it with adhesive plaster or apply a clean bandage so that the baby does not scratch the itchy papule.The dressing should be removed after about 3 hours.

Fragrant rue leaves have a good effect. Crush them into powder and apply it to the affected area. By the way, rue is effective not only for mosquito bites, but also helps to remove swelling and redness if bitten by a wasp or bee.

Rinse the plantain leaf and apply to the post-bite blister, securing with a bandage or plaster. This versatile plant rescues any kind of skin damage, while the cool leaf relieves pain and itching.

Skin or nail fungus is most commonly associated with adults, but small children can also be affected

You can also cut the onion and bandage it with a fresh cut to the bite. It will stop itching, in addition, the wound will be disinfected with onion juice, which means that inflammation will be avoided.

Garlic cloves can be used for the same purpose. Mash them into a gruel, add a little water, apply to the bite and press with a clean bandage.

If there is absolutely nothing in the house, how to spread a mosquito bite on a child , take out ordinary sour cream or yogurt from the refrigerator, they are effective not only for sunburn, but also remarkably relieve the symptoms of insect bites.

Vinegar diluted 1: 1 with water (not acetic acid!) Will also help relieve swelling, itching and redness.

A regular cold compress will help get rid of discomfort for a short time until you find a more effective remedy.

A soda solution also gives a good effect – dissolve a teaspoon of soda in a glass of water and smear the bites.

In addition, the bitten site can be wiped with vodka or alcohol to relieve itching, but this method is not suitable for very young children who have too delicate skin.

Pharmacy products

Now let’s talk about remedies for mosquito bites for children , which are sold in any pharmacy. Do not forget to stock up on the necessary preparations before going to the forest or to the dacha!

The simplest thing you can think of in this case is hydrogen peroxide, which must be in any medicine cabinet.It can be used to treat any wound, cut, scratch or insect bite.

Also, do not forget complex remedies for allergies. For children, they usually come in drops or tablets. These drugs include:

  • Fenistil
  • Suprastin
  • Tavegil
  • Zyrtec
  • Zodak

Specify the dosage in the instructions and from what age you can use these funds. Most of them are used from the age of six months, and some are undesirable to give up to 2 or more years.It is best if your pediatrician prescribes the appropriate medication for your child in advance.

Drops and tablets are used in cases where a child is worried about severe itching, which prevents him from falling asleep, or he has been bitten by a bee, wasp or other poisonous insect. This will help to avoid a severe allergic reaction, up to anaphylactic shock or Quincke’s edema. If the child is severely bitten by insects (not mosquitoes), then give him an antihistamine and call an ambulance immediately. If we are talking about several mosquito bites, then there is no urgent need to give drops and pills, you can limit yourself to local remedies.

If children were bitten by a mosquito, how to anoint ? Modern pharmacology offers many options:

  • Fenistil-gel
  • Moskitol-gel
  • homeopathic medicines Apis and Ledum
  • Psylo-balm
  • balm Asterisk
  • Cream Rescuer
  • cream or liquid Eplan

Mosquito bite ointment for children is usually used from 1 year old. Check in advance if the product causes allergies by itself (this happens with the “Zvezdochka” balm and the “Rescuer” cream, which contain herbal ingredients that are not suitable for children with allergies).

Anti-mosquito bite cream for children is applied directly to the affected area, according to the instructions.

How to anoint a mosquito bite on a child under one year old?

How to treat a mosquito bite in a child who is not yet six months old? Not all pharmaceutical preparations are designed for such a young age, so try the traditional medicine, which was mentioned above. Rinsing with salted water or a solution of soda, aloe juice, chamomile and parsley gruel, lubricating the bite with sour cream are suitable.

From pharmacy products, children will be helped by “Psilo-balsam” and “Fenistil-gel”, as well as ointment “Irikar” (homeopathic).

When traveling out of town with a small child, do not forget to use mosquito repellent for newborns . At the most tender age, the main emphasis should be on the prevention of bites, since smearing a very small child from head to toe with drugs for bites (like the bites themselves) brings the baby not so much benefit as inconvenience and the opportunity to get acquainted with an allergic reaction.

If the child was bitten by mosquitoes / Baby

Children may experience an allergic reaction to mosquito bites. The younger the child, the more dangerous an allergy or general toxic reaction can be, which is expressed by nausea, headache, chills. It develops especially quickly with multiple bites.
In this article, we will tell you how to help a child if he is bitten by mosquitoes, but there are no pharmacy products at hand.

If a child has been bitten by mosquitoes

1.First of all, wash the bite or wound sites with clean water, preferably with soap.
2. A soda solution also gives a good effect – dissolve a teaspoon of soda in a glass of water and smear the bites.
3. The bitten place to relieve itching can be wiped with vodka or alcohol, but this method is not suitable for very young children who have too delicate skin.
4. If the child has been bitten by a mosquito, anoint the bite site with dandelion juice and cover it with adhesive tape or apply a clean bandage so that the child does not scratch the itchy papule.
5. Rinse the plantain leaf and apply to the post-bite blister, securing with a bandage or plaster. This versatile plant rescues any kind of skin damage, while the cool leaf relieves pain and itching.

6. Also relieves irritation with aloe juice, chamomile and parsley gruel, tomato or onion cut, tea tree oil.
7. If there is absolutely nothing in the house with which to smear a mosquito bite on a child, take ordinary sour cream or yogurt out of the refrigerator, they are effective not only for sunburns, but also remarkably relieve the symptoms of insect bites.
8. Vinegar diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio (not acetic acid!) Will also help relieve swelling, itching and redness.
9. A regular cold compress will help get rid of unpleasant sensations for a short time until you find a more effective remedy.
10. Trim your child’s nails short to prevent deep open scratches at the site of the mosquito bite. Bloody scratches after a mosquito bite are at greater risk of infection, and bacteria from under the child’s nails, getting into the bite site, find a breeding ground for themselves.
Mosquito bites for children are sold in any pharmacy. Do not forget to stock up on the necessary preparations before going to the forest or to the country. However, if there was no drug at hand from the pharmacy, you can use folk remedies for mosquitoes.

Insect bites

Beware: The most dangerous animals on the planet are attacking

Dear readers, what do you think about the most dangerous animal for humans our story will be?

Do you think that our hero is a poisonous cobra or an angry lion? Or are you sure that we are talking about a shark, jellyfish or crocodile? No, the conversation will not be about them at all.Biologist Norbert Becker confidently states: “Mosquitoes are the most dangerous animals in the world. Every 30 seconds, one person dies from the effects of a mosquito bite on the ground.

Mosquito is the most terrible insidious enemy of the human race from the animal world. This small insect carries many dangerous diseases, including malaria. More than a million people die from it every year!

In total, there are more than 10 thousand species of mosquitoes in the world, they are ubiquitous and absent only in Antarctica.Everything is probably

noticed that mosquitoes attack one person and completely ignore another? It’s all about lactic acid, which is secreted by the body and excreted along with sweat. Mosquitoes, or rather mosquitoes (female mosquitoes), more often bite warm-blooded, profusely sweating people and less often those who have odors in their sweat that are unpleasant for mosquitoes.

By the way, the female is able to sense a person at a distance of 3 km and get to the “food” in a very short time.

Clove oil is an unpleasant odor for mosquitoes.Put a cotton pad moistened with this solution in the evening by the bed and forget about the annoying squeak and bites at night. If you don’t have oil on hand, you can use regular alcohol: its smell, mosquitoes also cannot stand it. But alcohol evaporates easily, so the effects will be less lasting.

How to distinguish an anopheles mosquito from a real one

Anopheles mosquitoes differ from their counterparts only in size: they are two, three times larger than their familiar counterpart, which we habitually brush aside in the forest or in the country.Females of an ordinary mosquito sit on the victim, lowering their abdomen downwards, while females of anopheles mosquito bite, lifting their abdomen up.

Dear parents and patients!

Citizens arriving from malaria-affected countries in Africa (Nigeria, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Asia and South America, India (Goa), Venezuela, Guyana) can seek advice and medical assistance from an infectious disease doctor who will give a referral for laboratory diagnostics (blood sampling for malaria) in order to prevent, diagnose and treat this disease.

Blood sampling for the “thick drop for malaria” analysis is performed according to the indications and referral of the infectious disease doctor:

In office number 106 from 7.30 to 11.00 daily (except Saturday and Sunday) (on an empty stomach).

We are happy to help you

CANNOT !!! For bites to lobsters, mosquitoes:

Do not rub or scratch the bite site, as this will cause even more itching and prolonged healing. By scratching the skin, children can infect, resulting in pustular diseases.

For tick bites

Do not try to shake off or pull out the tick with your hand, it may rupture! The insect head must not be allowed to come off and remain in the child’s body. When bitten by ticks, there is a risk of contracting serious diseases that can be fatal.

For stings of bees, wasps, bumblebees

Do not squeeze the sting out of the wound with your fingers, as this can lead to the spread of poison.You should not put the earth on the bite site, moisten the wound with saliva. This contributes to the development of infection. The danger of a bite is the possibility of developing a strong allergic reaction.

First aid for insect bites:

For bites of mosquitoes, mosquitoes, horseflies.

1. Apply something cold (ice) to relieve itching, pain and swelling, do not scratch. If mosquitoes have bitten the child, he should also be explained that scratching the affected areas is not worth it, as this will cause even more itching and a longer healing process will also be observed.

2. Then wipe the bitten area with alcohol or cologne.

3. Attention! If you are bitten by an anopheles mosquito, go to the infectious diseases hospital for help right away.

4. To get rid of itching it is necessary to moisten a gauze bandage with vodka, ammonia or baking soda solution and apply it to the bite site. A solution of baking soda is prepared from the proportion of half a teaspoon of baking soda to one glass of water.

5. With multiple bites, especially if there is a predisposition to allergies, one of the antihistamines pharmaceuticals such as suprastin, tavegil or diphenhydramine should be taken.

You should see a doctor immediately if:

1. Significant swelling has developed around the bite site;

2.for a week after the bite it stays

high temperature;

3. pus appeared in the bite;

4. There is swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck or other parts of the body.

For stings of bees, wasps, bumblebees

1. Get to a safe place to avoid repeated bites.

2.Very carefully (with tweezers) remove the sting, being careful not to crush the bag of poison.

3. Put cold on the bite area for 20-30 minutes to reduce pain and swelling.

4 Apply a gauze cloth or cotton swab moistened with a solution of hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, light pink solution of potassium permanganate or water and salt to the site of the bite (a teaspoon per glass

5. Offer plenty of fluids. Give your child an anti-allergic drug.

You should see a doctor immediately if:

1.the child has a severe allergic reaction;

2.the bite site is infected;

3. there are more than 10 insect bites on the victim’s body;

4. The insect bite fell on the inside of the mouth, throat, eyeball.

For tick bites

1. Don’t panic!

2. Before trying to tear off the tick, you can moisten it with soapy water, vegetable oil or alcohol. Grasping the tick with tweezers or fingers wrapped in gauze, remove the insect with slow, smooth twisting movements.

3. Treat the bite site with alcohol, iodine or brilliant green.

4. Transfer the tick to the hospital for analysis for the presence of an infectious agent.

You should see a doctor immediately if:

1.There was a detachment of the tick head when trying to remove it, and it remained in the wound;

2. The bite site is severely swollen and reddened;

3. After 5-25 days, the following symptoms appeared: A red spot formed at the site of the bite, fever, photophobia, difficulty in moving the eyes and neck, muscle pain.

the information was prepared by the infectious disease doctor L. Slizhova

Treatment and prevention of mosquito bites in children

It’s not that babies and toddlers are more attracted to biting insects, but small children may be oblivious to them, making them an easy target for insect bites, especially annoying mosquitoes.

How to prevent them? Keep track of where your child is playing on the street. However, mosquito bites are inevitable. Minimize scratches by learning how to heal them.

How to prevent mosquito bites in children

  • Avoid mosquitoes in dens. Avoid areas where mosquitoes tend to nest or congregate, such as trash cans, small pools of water, outdoor foods (especially sweets), and gardens. Also, drain off any standing water in your yard or around the house: mosquitoes breed in it.
  • Choose your watch wisely. Wait until dawn to go outside and inside the house at dusk, when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Shop close-up. Keep mosquitoes and other flying insects out of your home by installing screens on windows and doors.
  • Cover. Dress your child in long-sleeved shirts and long trousers if you are going to be in an area where mosquitoes cannot be avoided. Beware of bright colors as they can attract insects.
  • Protect your clothing. Spray permethrin, an insect repellent that also works well against mites, on clothing (never directly on the skin).Usually it is enough for several washes.
  • Spray gun for protection. Use caution when using insect repellent on exposed skin on babies over 2 months old. The most common insecticides are made with the chemical DEET, which is effective in preventing mosquito bites in children and tick and spider bites in children. Just be careful with the concentration levels of any repellent you choose: up to 30 percent DEET or 10 percent picaridin are fine for the smallest.Avoid spraying on your child’s hands and face and do not reapply unless necessary. If you’re not sure if a particular insect repellent is right for your child or toddler, ask your doctor for a recommendation for a safe one.

Treatment of mosquito bites in children

  • Head edema. If you catch a mosquito biting your child, gently brush it off your skin and then apply ice to the crime scene to prevent itching and swelling.
  • Relieve itching. Apply calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to treat bite as needed.
  • Do not scratch. Sharp nails can damage the skin around the bite and let bacteria in. Besides doing your best to prevent itching, explain to your child that scratching or picking will aggravate the insect bite and trim their nails as short as possible.
  • Beware of disease symptoms. Mosquitoes can transmit diseases, in particular West Nile virus.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), four out of five people infected with this virus do not get sick at all, but you should still be aware of symptoms that include fever, headache, nausea, and more vomiting. is experiencing any of these, check with his pediatrician and report that he was recently bitten. Also check with your child’s doctor if you see any signs of infection (usually from your child scratching or picking at the bite), such as redness, swelling, or pus, or if the area around the bite feels warm to the touch.

From the editors of What to Expect and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect in Year 2 . The health information on this site is based on peer-reviewed medical journals and reputable medical organizations and institutions including ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists), CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics), plus “What to Expect from ” by Heidi Murkoff.

How to treat insect bites in babies

Itchy insect bites can be a real pain, and unfortunately babies and toddlers are not protected.Mosquitoes, flies, ants, and other insects can bite your child in the same way they bite you. So how do you know which insect has bitten your child and when should you worry? Here, we’ll take a closer look at how to identify the most common types of insect bites in babies, how to relieve your child’s discomfort, and how to spot signs of a serious reaction or infection that require immediate attention.

How to identify insect bites on an infant

A child’s insect bite can often be detected by its general characteristic appearance: a small red bump (or many bumps), which is the body’s reaction to insect saliva.Sometimes insect bites on a baby can also be accompanied by a bladder. Usually, you will notice that your child scratches this area to relieve itching, but not all bites are itchy – some bites (such as those from mosquitoes, millipedes, and certain types of ants and beetles) can form painful bumps or turn into blisters.

Infant mosquito bites

Mosquito bites are one of the most common bite marks we see in children. They are characterized by a small red itchy bump with a puncture in the center of the bump.

Ants bite babies

When a child is bitten by a fire ant, it hurts. It starts with a burning sensation and then itching, and the red bite mark often swells and then fills with fluid. Infant ant bites are usually seen on feet or legs after they have stepped on a mound of fire ants.

Infant fly bites

These bites are also common and usually show up in your child as painful, itchy, red bumps that may disappear in a day or two and may also turn into blisters.

Related videos

Flea bites in infants

Flea bites usually appear as small red bumps that appear in groups of three or four and occur where clothing is tight, such as at the waist, feet, or ankles. Especially think about flea bites in pet homes!

Infant bed bug bites

Bed bugs are also red bumps, usually with a darker red spot in the middle of the bump, and sometimes appear with blisters.Bed bug bites are itchy and appear in rows or groups, often on exposed skin areas such as the face, neck, arms, and hands. If you suspect bed bugs, check for seed-sized bugs lurking in beds, box springs, bed frames, or furniture crevices.

Bites of bees and wasps on cubs

Bee and wasp stings are painful and cause swelling soon after being bitten. They are common and often cause mild reactions such as pain at the site of the red bite and swelling around it.But bee and wasp stings can also cause more serious reactions, including anaphylaxis, which is a medical emergency. Signs of anaphylaxis include hives all over the body, pale skin, vomiting, difficulty breathing, drooling, swelling in the face or mouth, hoarse voice, coughing, and loss of consciousness. If your child has a severe reaction to a bee or wasp sting, the severe reaction may recur in the future. Talk to your pediatrician about visiting an allergist and having an EpiPen on hand.

How to treat insect bites in a child

Most insect bites in infants cause itching for a few days, redness for about three days, and swelling for up to seven days.Your doctor may recommend using a steroid cream such as an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream, over-the-counter antibiotic cream, or allergy medicine if the bite is itchy. A few tips for treating insect bites in babies:

  • Place the hydrocortisone cream in the refrigerator for additional cooling and soothing.
  • For painful bites, soak a cotton ball in a baking soda paste (made by mixing about a tablespoon of baking soda with a few drops of water to form a paste) for 15 to 20 minutes before rinsing off to relieve pain.
  • Apply an ice cube wrapped in a damp cloth to the affected area for 20 minutes.
  • Sometimes insect bites can be infected. If pain lasts more than two hours or redness spreads, see your pediatrician.

If you are worried about what an insect bite looks like on a child, it is always best to make an appointment with a pediatrician, as it is easier to diagnose and help a child if he sees the bite mark in person. than discuss it on the phone or see pictures of the bite.

Signs that a bite should be examined immediately include:

  • If the bite looks yellow or crusted (signs of infection requiring antibiotics), ulcers or pus appears
  • If the area around the bite is red or redness spreads, feels hot or painful, or if your child has a fever
  • If the bite becomes swollen, hard, painful and red with accumulation of pus underneath

In these cases, your child may need antibiotics and immediate care.

Signs of a serious reaction to an insect bite

Although fortunately infrequent, a serious reaction to an insect bite will include the following symptoms, which usually appear within 20 minutes to two hours after the bite:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Vomiting
  • Pale Look
  • Swelling of the face, lips or tongue
  • Drool
  • Husky voice
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Urticaria all over the body

These symptoms are most commonly caused by stings from bees, yellow vests, wasps, and fire ants.Anaphylaxis is a real medical emergency, so if your child develops any of the above symptoms, call 911 immediately. If your child has a history of anaphylaxis and you have an EpiPen, enter the EpiPen while you wait for the first responders to arrive.

How to prevent insect bites on an infant

Here are some important tips for preventing insect bites in a child:

  • Children’s dress with a hat, long-sleeved shirt and long trousers
  • Avoid going outside at sunset or sunrise, which is the time when itchy insects (eg mosquitoes) are most active.
  • Use insect repellents for babies over 2 months old

AAP approves DEET for all infants over 2 months of age. Use 30 percent DEET to protect your baby for six hours and 10 percent if you only need protection for two hours. Apply DEET to exposed skin, but avoid contact with eyes, mouth, and hands, especially if your child puts fingers in their mouth. Other types of repellents, including those containing permethrin and lower concentrations of DEET, can be applied to your child’s clothing and not to their skin (since sweat can inactivate permethrin).

Dina DiMaggio, M.D. and Anthony F. Portu, M.D., M.D., pediatricians, American Academy of Pediatrics officials and co-authors of the Pediatrician’s Guide to Infant and Toddler Feeding. They write about the latest AAP guidelines, research, and seasonal issues affecting infants and toddlers. Follow them on Instagram @pediatriciansguide.

Please Note: The Bump and the materials and information it contains are not intended or intended to constitute medical or other health advice or diagnosis and should not be used as such.You should always consult with a qualified doctor or healthcare professional about your specific circumstances.

Plus, more from The Bump:

Child safety in summer

Your Ultimate Guide to Child Rash

Mosquito bite

Is this a symptom of your child?

  • Mosquito bites
  • Cause itching, red bumps
  • They often look like a hive
  • West Nile Viruses (WNV) are also considered
Types of reactions to mosquito bites
  • Red cones. Mosquito bites are primarily irritating in North America. They cause itchy red bumps on the skin. Often the bite looks like a hives (either one large or several small ones).
  • When a mosquito bites, its secretions enter the skin. Red bumps are the body’s response to this process.
  • Mosquito bites can be suspected if there are bites to other parts of the body. Most bites occur on exposed parts of the body, such as the face and arms.
  • Swelling. Bites on the upper face of the face can cause severe swelling around the eyes, which can last for several days. With bites, the swelling can be pink or large (especially at the age of 1-5 years).
  • Disease. On rare occasions, a mosquito can carry a serious bloodborne disease. In the United States and Canada, it is mainly West Nile Virus (WNV). They also carry malaria and yellow fever in Africa and South America.
  • Prevention. Insect repellents can prevent mosquito bites.Use DEET (apply to skin) and permethrin (apply to clothing).
Cause of reaction to mosquito bite
  • Lumps on the skin are the body’s response to mosquito saliva.
  • While he is sucking blood, some of his secretions are mixed.
Life cycle of a mosquito
  • Only female mosquitoes bite. They need blood meal to produce eggs. The female can bite 20 times before finding a small blood vessel. She then drinks the blood for 90 seconds.
  • Males eat flower nectar and plant juices.
  • There are 170 species of mosquitoes in North America.
  • They are attracted to smell (breath, sweat, and perfume) from a great distance and can smell up to 120 feet (36 meters). At close range, they are attracted to body heat and movement.
Risk factors for increased mosquito bites
  • Increased body temperature
  • Men more than women
  • Children older than adults
  • Odor from the mouth
  • Sweating
  • Perfumed soaps and shampoos

90,082 insect bites

Impetigo. Local bacterial infection. Produces ulcers, soft scabs and pus. Caused by scratching or tingling at the bite site. More common with itchy bites.

  • Cellulite. The bacterial infection has spread to the skin. Causes redness spreading from the bite. The red area is painful to the touch.
  • Lymphangitis. The bacterial infection is spreading through the lymphatic channels. Gives a red line going up the arm or leg.More serious because the infection can enter the bloodstream. (This is called sepsis.)
  • When to call in case of a mosquito bite

    Call 911 now
    • Suspected life-threatening allergic reaction. Symptoms include sudden difficulty breathing or swallowing.
    • I can’t wake up
    • You think your child has a life-threatening situation
    Call a doctor or get medical attention
    • Spread of red patches or streaks with fever
    • Your child looks or behaves very sick
    • You think your child needs to be examined and the problem is urgent.
    See a doctor within 24 hours
    • Painful redness spreading throughout the body began more than 24 hours after the bite. Note: Any redness in the first 24 hours is a reaction to the bite.
    • More than 48 hours have passed since bite enlargement and redness
    • Unexplained fever and recent travel abroad to a high-risk area
    • You think your child needs to be examined, but the problem is not urgent
    Contact a doctor During Office Opening Hours
    • Pregnant who has recently visited or is living in a Zika outbreak
    • A scab that looks infected (draining pus or getting bigger), no better with antibiotic ointment
    • Severe itching, no better after 24 hours of using steroid cream
    • You have other questions or concerns
    Self-care at home
    • Normal mosquito bite
    • Questions about West Nile Virus
    • Questions about insect repellents (e.g. DEET)

    Seattle Children’s Emergency Rooms

    If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.

    Care advice

    Treatment of mosquito bites

    1. What You Should Know About Mosquito Bites:
      • Mosquito bites rarely carry any disease in the United States and Canada.
      • They cause itchy red bumps on the skin.
      • In most cases, the bulges are less than ½ in. (12 mm). Young children may have larger ones.
      • Some even have a small water bottle in the center.
      • A large hive at the site of the bite does not mean your child is allergic.
      • Redness does not mean that the bite is infected.
      • Here are some grooming tips that may help.
    2. Steroid Anti-Itch Cream:
      • To relieve itching, use 1% hydrocortisone cream (eg Cortaid). No recipe required. Apply 3 times daily until itching disappears. If you haven’t, use a baking soda paste until you get some.
      • If neither is available, soak a damp cloth with ice for 20 minutes.
      • You can also apply strong, sharp, direct and constant pressure to the bite site. Do this for 10 seconds to relieve itching. You can use your fingernail, pen cap, or other object.
    3. Itching allergy medicine:
      • If the bite is still causing itching, try an allergy medication (such as Benadryl). No recipe required.
      • Sometimes it helps, especially for children with allergies.
    4. Try not to scratch:
      • Trim your nails short.
      • Help your child not to scratch.
      • Cause: To prevent skin infection at the bite site.
    5. Antibiotic ointment:
      • If the bite is crusty and looks infected, use an antibiotic ointment. Example – Polysporin.
      • No recipe required.Use 3 times a day. (Note: Infection is usually caused by scratching the bite with dirty fingers.)
      • Cover the scab with a bandage (eg tape). This will help prevent scratching and spreading.
      • Rinse the wound and use an antibiotic ointment 3 times a day. Do this until you are cured.
    6. What to Expect:
      • Most mosquito bites itch for 3-4 days.
      • Any pinkness or redness lasts 3-4 days.
      • The edema can last for 7 days.
      • Bites on the upper face can cause severe swelling around the eyes. It will not harm your eyesight and is harmless.
      • The edema often worsens in the morning after being in bed overnight; it will improve after a few hours of inactivity.
    7. Call your doctor if:
      • The bite looks infected (redness worsens after 48 hours)
      • The bite becomes painful
      • Do you think your child needs an examination
      • Your child is getting worse

    West Nile Virus Questions

    1. West Nile Virus (WNV) – What You Should Know:
      • WNV is a mosquito-borne disease.It can be transmitted to humans through the bite of a mosquito.
      • About 1% of mosquitoes carry WNV.
      • Among people who have WNV, less than 1% will develop a serious illness.
      • Here are some facts that should help.
    2. WNV Symptoms:
      • No symptoms: 80% of WNV infections.
      • Mild symptoms: 20% of infections. Symptoms include fever, headache, and body aches. Some have skin rashes. These symptoms last 3-6 days.They go away without treatment; this is called WNV fever.
      • Serious symptoms: Less than 1% (1 in 150) of WNV infections. Symptoms include high fever, neck stiffness, confusion, coma, cramps, and muscle weakness. Muscle weakness is often only on one side. The cause is an infection of the brain (encephalitis) or the spinal cord (viral meningitis).
      • Death: 10% of those requiring hospitalization.
      • Diseases of children are most often mild. The most serious cases occur in people over 60 years of age.
    3. Diagnostics WNV:
      • In cases with mild symptoms, there is no need to see a doctor and no special tests are needed.
      • In case of severe symptoms (encephalitis or viral meningitis), consult a doctor immediately. To confirm WNV, special blood and cerebrospinal fluid tests will be performed.
      • Pregnant or breastfeeding women should see a doctor if they have symptoms of WNV.
    4. WNV Treatment:
      • No special treatment is required after a mosquito bite.
      • There is no specific treatment or antiviral drugs available to treat the symptoms of WNV.
      • People with severe symptoms often require hospitalization. They will be given an intravenous infusion and airway support.
      • No vaccine is yet available to prevent WNV in humans.
    5. WNV – Spread by mosquitoes:
      • WNV is spread through a mosquito bite.The mosquito becomes infected with the virus from the bites of infected birds.
      • Even in the area where WNV occurs, less than 1% of mosquitoes carry the virus.
      • Transmitted from mosquito to humans.
      • Not transmitted from person to person. Kissing, touching, or sharing a glass with someone who has VZN is safe.
      • Mothers with mosquito bites may breastfeed (CDC 2003) if they do not develop symptoms of WNV.
      • WNV infection disappears 3-14 days after a mosquito bite.
      • In the United States and Canada, the summer peak for WNV was in 2002, 2003 and 2012.

    Insect Repellent Questions

    1. Prevention tips:
      • Wear long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, and a hat.
      • Do not go outside when errors are most active. Mosquitoes are most active at dawn and dusk. Limit your child’s outdoor activities during this time.
      • Get rid of stagnant water. (Reason: This is where they lay their eggs.)
      • Keep insects out of your home by fixing broken screens.
      • Insect repellents containing DEET are very good at preventing mosquito bites. Read the label carefully.
    2. DEET Products – Application on the skin:
      • DEET is a good mosquito repellent. It also repels ticks and other insects.
      • AAP approves DEET use over 2 months old.Use 30% DEET or less. Use 30% DEET if you need 6 hours of protection. Use 10% DEET if you only need 2 hours of protection.
      • Do not apply DEET to hands if your child is sucking on their thumb or fingers. (Reason: to prevent DEET from being swallowed)
      • Warn older children who are using their own DEET to use less. Just 3 or 4 drops can protect the whole body.
      • Apply to exposed skin. Do not use near eyes or mouth.Do not use on skin covered by clothing. Do not use DEET on sunburn or rashes. (Reason: DEET can easily be absorbed in these areas.)
      • Wash it off with soap and water when the child enters the house.
      • Caution: DEET can damage man-made clothing. It can also damage plastic (glasses) and skin. DEET can be used on cotton garments.
    3. Permethrin Product – Garment Use:
      • Products containing permethrin (eg Duranon) are good at repelling mosquitoes and ticks.
      • Unlike DEET, these products are applied to clothing, not skin.
      • Wear on the cuffs of shirts, trousers, shoes, and hats. Can also be placed on mosquito nets and sleeping bags.
      • Do not apply permethrin to the skin. (Reason: sweat changes it, so it doesn’t work).
    4. Picaridin Products:
      • Picaridin is a repellent containing 10% DEET.
      • Can be safely applied to skin or clothing.
    And remember, see a doctor if your child develops any of the “Call your doctor” symptoms.

    Disclaimer: This health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, are solely responsible for how you choose to use it.

    Last revised: 5/18/2021

    Last revised: 3/11/2021

    Copyright 2000-2021.Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

    How to treat and prevent mosquito bites in infants?

    Image: iStock

    Mosquito bites cause itching and soreness. But in most cases, the bites are not serious and go away after a few hours or days; however, sometimes they can become infected and cause allergic reactions and illness. For example, dengue is a viral disease that spreads through mosquito bites (2).

    To prevent this from happening, you must know how to identify signs of a mosquito bite on a child and how to prevent a mosquito bite.Here MomJunction gives you all the information you need to know about mosquito bites in babies, how to recognize them, and how to protect your baby from mosquitoes.

    What are the symptoms of a mosquito bite in infants?

    A child bitten by a mosquito usually has the following symptoms (3):

    1. Red, swollen bumps, often appearing in clusters.
    2. The child scratches the bumps a lot. The baby may also feel uncomfortable when itching.
    3. The baby cries while rubbing a swollen, itchy bump.
    4. Large red spot with a protrusion in the center.
    5. A red bump on the skin around which it is swollen and reddened.
    6. Swelling of the face with redness of the skin when a mosquito bites the face.
    7. Large skin lesion that persists for several days. This most often happens when a child’s body develops an allergic reaction to a mosquito bite.

    Symptoms are also most likely during mosquito breeding season, such as during the rainy season or immediately after.If your child has been bitten by a mosquito, the first thing to do is reduce the irritation.

    What are some home remedies for mosquito bites in babies?

    To relieve pain and itching caused by a child’s mosquito bite, you can follow these steps:

    1. Apply an ice pack to the affected area. A mosquito bite makes the skin tender and may cause a warm sensation in the area. An ice pack may help. Use no more than one ice cube and take breaks during the application to prevent the child from catching a cold.
    1. Provide ventilation of the affected area. Heat and nasal congestion can further irritate the mosquito bite and cause more itching.
    1. Use Calamine Lotion , which is safe for first aid in the event of mosquito bites (7). The cooling effect of the lotion soothes irritated skin and reduces the child’s prone to itching. Wash the skin with a child-safe antibacterial soap before applying.Blot dry skin and apply lotion. Use only pure calamine lotion without additives, or use a calamine lotion specifically made for babies.
    1. Baby lotion. Although not intended to treat mosquito bites, the compounds they contain help soothe skin irritation and reduce itching. Baby lotions are a safe remedy for mosquito bites on baby’s face, where the skin is most delicate.
    1. Put on the mittens. Mittens are children’s gloves that keep your hands warm. Having put them on, the child will not scratch the bite site. Avoid using mittens for mosquito bites on your hands or palms.

    Applying honey , garlic paste or vanilla essence to a mosquito bite can also soothe the bite site. However, there is no scientific evidence to support these products or their effect on baby’s skin.

    Mosquito bites can cause not only bumps or reddening of the skin, but other problems as well.So the first step is to try to prevent mosquito bites in babies.

    How to prevent mosquito bites in babies?

    It is quite easy to protect your baby from mosquitoes. Here are some ways to prevent mosquito bites in babies:

    1. Creating a physical barrier against mosquitoes is the first way to prevent mosquito bites. Experts recommend sleeping under a mosquito net if you live in a mosquito-infested area (5). You can also purchase a mosquito net for your baby cot.

    Use the net when the baby is napping and sleeping at night. Mosquito nets are effective and safer for delicate newborns.

    1. Install window screens with mosquito screens in the children’s room. Mesh window screens can be an excellent choice in warmer environments where windows need to be kept open.
    1. Prevent stagnant water around , as mosquitoes breed there, especially during the rainy season.Drain off any water that has accumulated in the stored items. Keep water tanks tightly closed to prevent mosquitoes.
    1. Use child safe mosquito repellent with the active ingredient DEET, which is safe for children over 2 months of age (6). Use a lotion with a maximum concentration of DEET 50%. Avoid using mosquito repellents as they can interfere with your baby’s breathing.
    1. Never use mosquito coils or mosquito spray as they contain chemicals that are harmful to the baby’s lungs.Natural mosquito repellents such as eucalyptus oil may not be safe for babies and should not be used by children younger than three years old (7).
    1. Wear protective clothing when visiting areas with mosquitoes. Some research suggests that most mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors such as black, red, and blue (8). Lighter shades of green and yellow are less attractive, while white is the least attractive.

    Dress them with long sleeves and trousers.Cover your child’s hands with mittens or gloves to avoid mosquito bites. But sometimes even protective clothing cannot prevent mosquito bites. Therefore, before leaving the house, it is recommended to apply mosquito repellent to exposed skin.

    Prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, it is good to prevent mosquito bites as they can lead to some health complications if not taken urgently.

    [Read: Tiger Balm Mosquito Repellent Reviews]

    What are the complications of mosquito bites in infants?

    The following problems are caused by a mosquito bite:

    1. Mosquito-borne disease caused by mosquito-borne pathogens.Mosquitoes can transmit several diseases such as malaria, dengue, and yellow fever. Most of these diseases are difficult to treat and can have serious consequences (9).
    1. Allergic reaction to mosquito saliva, which is introduced into the body during a bite. A bump from a mosquito bite is a mild reaction. However, some infants may show severe immunogenic reactions such as Skeeter’s syndrome, a rare allergic reaction to a mosquito bite (10).In this case, the affected part may swell and remain in this state for several days.
    1. Opportunistic infections: Excessive scratching of the mosquito bite can cause the bump to burst and allow bacteria or other pathogens to enter the wound. Although less common, opportunistic infections due to mosquito bites, such as impetigo (local bacterial skin infection), cellulitis (bacterial infection of the deeper layers of the skin), and lymphangitis (bacteria invading the lymph node), can also occur (3).

    Early detection of complications from a mosquito bite can help you seek immediate medical attention.

    When to see a doctor if a child is bitten by a mosquito?

    If you notice the following symptoms after being bitten by a mosquito, take your child to the doctor (11):

    • Severe edema, lasting more than a day, on a part of the body affected by a mosquito bite.
    • Severe redness of a large area of ​​skin around a mosquito bite.
    • Bloating is the formation of bumps filled with fluid.
    • Bleeding and drainage of fluid from the bump.
    • Pus formation – thin, yellowish discharge from a bump from a mosquito bite.
    • Swelling around the eye or eyelids in case of a bite on the skin around the eye.
    • The child has swelling of the neck muscles.
    • Problems with feeding, lethargy and fever.

    Is there a remedy for a mosquito bite?

    Yes, and this is different. Here are the different treatment options:

    1. Medicines for diseases: Special medicines are used to treat diseases carried by mosquitoes such as malaria, dengue, etc.These are prescription drugs and only the doctor can tell you the dosage, depending on the disease.
    1. Antihistamines and Allergy Regulators: If your child is severely allergic to mosquito bites, your doctor may prescribe an oral antihistamine (4). Other allergy medications include topical steroid ointments that relieve itching.

    Mosquito bites rarely require serious medical attention unless they cause serious problems.Preventing mosquito bites may be the best way to keep your child safe.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    1. Do all mosquitoes bite?

    No. Only female mosquitoes bite because they need nutrients from human or animal blood to form eggs in their bodies. Body odor and warmth attract female mosquitoes. A female mosquito can bite about 20 times before finding a small blood vessel from which it feeds on blood (11).This probably explains why even one mosquito can cause multiple bites.

    2. How long does a mosquito bite last?

    Most mosquito bites can itch for about three to four days. As a rule, after a bite, pinkness or redness lasts a maximum of three to four days. However, the swelling can last for seven days (11).

    3. How to reduce swelling from a mosquito bite?

    If the reaction after a mosquito bite is localized, lift the affected area and apply ice to reduce swelling (12).If the swelling does not go away after a few hours or a day, it would be wise to see a doctor.

    Mosquito bites can irritate the skin and sometimes cause complications. The best way to avoid these complications is to prevent mosquito bites. Be alert to any blows from mosquito bites and treat your child promptly to keep him safe. Take precautions and be vigilant when you are indoors or outdoors where a mosquito might bite your baby.

    How to protect a child from mosquitoes? Tell us in the comment section below.


    Insect bite or sting (pediatric) in an infant or infant: condition, treatment, and photographs for parents –



    Information for

    signature goes here …

    Images of arthropod bites or bites (pediatric)

    Insect bites and / or infant bites are one of the most common reasons for visiting a doctor. While baby bites and bites are usually uncomfortable, some reactions can be life-threatening.The severity of an insect bite will vary from child to child, and only a small number of infants develop this severe reaction (anaphylaxis).

    It is important to seek immediate medical attention in case of a serious reaction to a bite or sting, such as stings from bees, wasps and hornets. Most insects (such as ants, mosquitoes, flies, spiders, ticks and ticks) do not cause such a severe reaction.

    A bee sometimes leaves behind a sting attached to a poisonous sac.It is important to try to remove it as soon as possible. On the other hand, wasps do not leave stings on the skin after being bitten, which means they can bite more than once.

    Who is at risk?

    Babies of both sexes are also prone to bites. While an infant can be severely affected by an insect bite, it is not always true that other family members will be equally affected by the same type of bite. Heredity does not play a role in how a person reacts to a bite or bite.

    Signs and symptoms

    Insect bites usually appear as small, itchy red bumps, sometimes with blisters. Babies may be more prone to blistering than older children. Some insects, such as fire ants, can cause painful and itchy bumps containing pus (pustules).

    Flying insects usually bite open areas not covered by clothing, while some insects (eg fleas) concentrate on the shins.Bedbugs prefer the head and neck area, often biting the same area multiple times and leaving a cluster of lesions.

    Common reactions to arthropod bites may include:

    • Redness, pain and swelling
    • Severe reactions such as swelling of the face, shortness of breath and shock
    • Fever, urticaria, and joint soreness (although these reactions are less common)

    Very few spiders cause serious reactions.The black widow spider can only cause a mild reaction at the site of the bite, but pain, stiffness, chills, fever, nausea, and abdominal pain may occur within a few hours. Likewise, a brown recluse spider bite can cause a severe skin reaction after a few hours with redness, pain, blistering and sores, as well as fever, nausea, and fatigue.

    Personal care advice

    For bites:

    • Bees can leave a sting behind.Try to gently scrape off the sting with a blunt object such as a credit card.
    • Wash the wound with soap and water.
    • Apply an ice pack or cold water for a few minutes.
    • If needed, take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain and an antihistamine (diphenhydramine or chlorpheniramine) for itching.

    For insect bites:

    • Wash with soap and water.
    • Apply cool compresses.
    • Use antihistamines to relieve itching and take acetaminophen (Tylenol®) for pain.
    • Apply 1% hydrocortisone cream to relieve itching.

    For pliers (still attached):

    • Using tweezers, grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible and pull hard on
      until it comes loose.
    • Wash affected area with alcohol or soap and water.
    • If necessary, keep the checkmark for identification.
    • Wash affected area with soap and water and then apply 1% hydrocortisone if a reaction occurs.
    When to seek medical attention

    Bites / bites from some insects (arthropods) are more dangerous than others. If you suspect your child may have a black widow or brown recluse spider bite, apply ice to the area and seek immediate medical attention.

    Symptoms of these bites include:

    • The area of ​​the bite is dark blue or purple, often with a surrounding white patch
      and a red outer ring
    • Stomach pain
    • Headache
    • Fever
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea
    • Muscle stiffness

    If the tick bite area is red or swollen, or if the affected area spreads outward, seek medical attention to check for Lyme disease.

    For bites, watch for symptoms such as:

    • Hives, itching or swelling outside the bite
    • Swelling of lips or throat
    • Chest tightness or shortness of breath
    • Hoarse voice or tongue swelling
    • Dizziness or loss of consciousness
    Treatments your doctor may prescribe

    Depending on the type of insect bite and how your child reacts to it, your child’s doctor may treat him or her in different ways.

    For insect bites:

    • Prescription topical corticosteroids
    • Muscle relaxants
    • Painkillers
    • Antidote against specific toxin (antidote)
    • Antibiotics
    • Sometimes surgery on the affected area requires serious intervention.

    For bites:

    • Antihistamines or corticosteroids
    • Epinephrine
    • Antihistamines
    • Corticosteroids
    • Injectable (intravenous) fluids and oxygen for the treatment of shock (anaphylaxis)
    • 2 If your child has a severe allergic reaction to epinephrine

      2 Treatments to stimulate the immune system (immunotherapy) to reduce the likelihood of recurrent severe reactions

    Reliable Links

    Clinical information and differential diagnosis of arthropod bite or bite (pediatric)


    Bologna, Jean L., ed. Dermatology , p. 405. New York: Mosby, 2003.

    Friedberg, Irwin M., ed. Fitzpatrick Dermatology in General Medicine . 6 ed. pp. 2289, 2291, 2295-2298. New York: McGraw Hill, 2003.


    Treatment of insect bites in infants: fleas, mosquitoes and ants

    Spending time with your toddler outdoors – whether it’s an afternoon walk in the park or an evening stroll around the area – will be great fun until he goes home red and itchy.If you encounter mosquito, ant or flea bites from your child, we are always ready to help.

    In this article, Mustela will explain how to prevent, detect and treat insect bites in your child. With these tips, you can ensure your little one is as comfortable as possible and get them back to play in no time!

    Insect Bite Prevention

    Stay ahead of everyone else trying to completely prevent insect bites. Here are six steps you can take to repel insects before you and your little one even walk out the door.

    1) Avoid being outside during the evening hours

    In the summer, you probably want to enjoy the cooler temperatures that evening provides. But that’s when mosquitoes usually come out in full force.

    Your child can bite a mosquito at any time of the day (and at night if it enters your home!), But bites are most common in the early evening hours.

    For this reason, if possible, schedule your outdoor activities at other times of the day.

    2) Dress the child from head to toe

    When you go outside, put on clothing that protects the skin from insects. While you don’t want your baby to get too hot, dress him with cool clothes that cover his arms and legs to prevent insect bites.

    Expert tip: If your child spends a lot of time outdoors in the sun, take care of his skin afterwards with Mustela’s After Sun Lotion. This creamy moisturizer will cool and refresh skin while counteracting the dehydrating effects of the sun.

    3) Apply insect repellent

    Regardless of the time of day and your child’s clothing, keep them safe and keep them safe from insects. However, always make sure your insect spray is safe for your little one.

    According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, you should not use insect repellent containing DEET on children under two months of age. But if your child is over two months old, they recommend using a product with 10-30% DEET.

    4) Wash off insect repellent overnight

    Although insect repellent may keep insects from bothering your baby, you should not let it stay on the skin any longer than necessary. At the end of the day, rinse the repellent off your baby while bathing.

    While you are in the bath to rinse off all day, treat your child’s sensitive skin with some TLC with Mustela’s Gentle Cleansing Gel and Bath Oil.

    Use Mustela’s No Rinse Cleansing Water to remove repellent from your child’s skin while you are out of the house.Simply apply it to your skin using a soft cloth, diaper tissue or cotton pad and then dry – no need to rinse off with water!

    5) Use perfumed products

    Your cute little one smells good for you, but you don’t want him to be sweet for insects! Use fragrance-free products on your baby’s skin to keep out insects.

    For a fragrance-free bath, try Mustela Stelatopia Cleansing Gel, which is also great for children with eczema-prone skin.

    And instead of a floral-scented lotion, moisturize your baby’s skin with a fragrance-free lotion such as Mustela’s Stelatopia Emollient Cream.

    6) Protecting your home from errors

    While you may not always be able to prevent the invasion of stray insects, there are a few things you can do to keep mosquitoes from hanging around your house or getting in.

    Mosquitoes breed in standing water, so shut them off at the source by removing any standing water near your home.Think birdbaths, fountains, ponds, toys that collect water, and standing water in your yard.

    Second, install screens on windows and doors to keep out nosy insects. You will need to check the screens frequently to make sure there are no holes in them.

    Bonus: if you take a long stroll in a stroller, think also about a screen for your stroller!

    How to identify mosquito, ant and flea bites on a child

    Even with the best preventive measures, you can still accidentally find a bug bite on your child.To determine if you have a mosquito, ant, or flea bite, you need to know what to look for.

    Mosquito bites

    A mosquito bite appears as a round red bump that is itchy, hard and slightly swollen. Mosquito bites do not necessarily form a pattern, so your child may only have one bite, or there may be several that periodically cover a specific area.

    Flea bites

    Flea bites usually appear in groups of three or four small bumps.They do not swell like mosquito bites and are not as large; instead, they are small, red, and very itchy.

    Ant bites

    Ant bites are also small, but usually blister or red pustules. Some people are severely allergic to ant stings, so you should also look for signs such as swelling on your face, difficulty breathing or swallowing.

    Treating insect bites on your child

    While they can be annoying, insect bites are usually not a problem and only require itching.However, watch out for signs of fever or infection that warrant a visit to your pediatrician.

    Also be aware that if your child is allergic to bites or stings, they may experience facial swelling, difficulty breathing or difficulty swallowing and you need to call 911.

    But if you’re just dealing with a common itchy insect bite, your goal is to reduce the itching and make the baby as comfortable as possible while the bite heals. We have some tips to help you with this!

    1) Clear the area

    First, wash the bite site with mild soap and water.If you don’t have access to water, don’t worry – cleanse their skin with micellar water, such as Mustela’s No Rinse Cleansing Water (which is easy to carry in a purse or diaper bag!).

    2) Soothe the itching

    Insect bites can cause severe irritation and itching in a child. There are several ways to relieve itching and help your little one relax.

    To relieve itching on the outside, apply calamine lotion or anti-itch cream. Give your toddler an oral antihistamine or acetaminophen to relieve itching and pain from the inside.Just remember to talk to your pediatrician about the dosage first.

    Another way to soothe your child’s itchy skin is to apply the Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream. This fragrance-free, hypoallergenic ointment repairs irritated skin and relieves discomfort.

    Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream is safe for the whole family, even your newborn! Keep this versatile cream on hand because you can use it for insect bites, scratches, scrapes, chickenpox marks and redness in the diaper area.

    Finally, naturally reduce itching by applying a cool washcloth or an ice cube wrapped in a towel to the bite.

    3) Prevent scratches

    Scratching an insect bite will only exacerbate the itching and can potentially damage the skin or burst the blister, making it susceptible to infection. But keeping your child from scratching an itchy insect bite is easier said than done!

    Try to trim your baby’s nails as much as possible and put mittens or socks on his hands.If they scratch the insect bite and open it up, clean it up and apply a patch.

    Same with ant bite blisters. Don’t intentionally squeeze out the blister, but if your child does, clean the area and apply a bandage.

    4) Get rid of fleas

    If you are treating flea bites, the most important thing is to get rid of the fleas themselves. And this is a job for professionals in dealing with errors.

    Before calling the troops, find out where the fleas are.They can hide in your house, on your pet (in which case they are probably in your house too), or in a doghouse.

    If your home is not at fault, think about where your child may have come into contact with fleas and do your best to scare them away.

    Outdoor enjoyment

    In the end, fighting your baby’s bites is all about preventing them before they happen and managing the itchiness when someone breaks your defenses.

    To soothe skin when bedbugs actually bite your little one, apply Mustela Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream. And don’t forget to use a perfume-free skin care product such as Mustela Soothing Cleansing Gel during your bath.

    With the help of these products and the tips in this article, your family will be able to enjoy a wonderful outdoor experience carefree!

    Useful Treatments for Mosquito Bites in Infants, Lifestyle News

    They may not even be aware of the bites until they itch.This is a serious problem for many mothers due to the potential risk associated with mosquito bites.

    Although malaria, dengue and chikungunya are common mosquito-borne diseases, their immediate effects include rash, itching and swelling.

    Therefore, it is important to prevent mosquito bites with preventive methods. However, if annoying mosquitoes have already done their job, it is helpful to know various tips on how to treat mosquito bite marks on babies.

    Important Tips for Treating Mosquito Bites in Infants

    Mosquito bites are a real nuisance! Despite the fact that we have enough preventive measures, this always cannot be avoided.Therefore, it is important to understand the various treatments for mosquito bites.

    Let’s take a look at some important methods and home remedies for mosquito bites in infants.

    Apply ice

    Applying ice / crushed ice to the mosquito bite helps relieve itching and swelling from the bite.

    Avoid Scratching

    Don’t let your baby scratch her skin as this can lead to rashes and bite scars. Instead, rub your baby’s skin gently with a cloth or hand to relieve itching, and use a light anti-itch lotion.

    Apply lotion

    Certain antihistamine creams, aloe vera gels and lacto-calamine lotions work wonders for removing bite marks and inflammation.

    You can also apply 1-2 scoops of diluted listerine, or apply a few drops of lemon juice (rinse off with warm water after 15 minutes or immediately if skin irritation occurs) to the affected area for a cooling effect.


    A small layer of honey on the affected area will greatly help soothe the skin and avoid further inflammation.

    Sea salt

    To obtain an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect after a mosquito bite, a small amount of sea salt mixed with warm water will help. Make sure that it does not come into contact with the sensitive areas and eyes of the child.

    Baking soda

    Rub a small amount of baking soda mixed with 1 cup of water (for about 10 minutes) on the affected area to relieve itching. Wash off immediately if irritating.


    Applying oatmeal or oatmeal bath can also help reduce irritation. However, it is best to try it on a small area first to see if it is causing any side effects.

    Look for symptoms

    Fever, vomiting, headache and nausea in children may be signs of mosquito-borne diseases. Always pay attention to these symptoms and see your doctor immediately if any of these symptoms persist after being bitten by a mosquito.

    Prevention of mosquito bites

    It is always better to take as many preventive measures as possible than to repent later. Here are some ways to prevent mosquito bites:

    Protective clothing

    The best way to avoid insect bites is to cover your child with full-length clothing as much as possible. Be sure to use cotton, loose and light clothing for the comfort of your children. Also, choose light-colored clothing because dark colors often attract mosquitoes and insects.

    Mosquito nets

    Cover the baby’s crib with a good mosquito net and secure it securely. Make sure no mosquitoes get stuck in the net and check it regularly because you can open the net several times to take care of your baby.

    If children have a separate bed, show them how to use the nets and keep them covered at all times.

    It is also a good idea to install screens and screens on doors / windows to keep mosquitoes away.

    Repellent right

    Natural repellents / fragrances or repellents with a low chemical concentration, such as those with DEET or picaridin content below 30 percent, are good for use when you have children.

    Choosing the right mosquito repellent for babies and children is very important to avoid side effects.

    However, it is not recommended to use repellents for babies under 2 months

    Mosquito nesting areas

    Check for mosquito breeding areas nearby and clean them regularly.Plant pots, water tanks, standing water, coolers, pet bowls, and more are some of the places you need to keep an eye out.

    Research has also shown that scattering tea and coffee scraps around your yard can help limit mosquito breeding.

    Mosquito clock

    Do not take children outside during mosquito rush hours. Make sure doors and windows are closed at dawn and dusk, because this is the time when mosquitoes are very active.

    Products without fragrances

    Mosquitoes and insects are attracted to scented soaps, perfumes and other aromas.So make sure you don’t use such products on your child.

    With these key tips for preventing mosquito bites and how to treat mosquito bite marks on babies, you’ll be well prepared for mosquito season.

    Also be aware of mosquito-borne diseases and their preventive measures and treatments so you know what to do at each stage.

    This article was originally published at by theAsianparent .


    90,000 The reason for the large swelling from the bites of the capital’s mosquitoes was explained by the medical doctors: June 11, 2015, 12:06

    The reason for the large swelling from the bites of the capital’s mosquitoes was explained in the Department of Consumer Protection of Astana, Tengrinews.kz reports.

    An appeal from residents of the capital has been published on the website of the akimat of Astana, who express doubts about the work on baiting mosquitoes, noting that after the bites of blood-sucking insects, large swelling appears.

    “Why is the metropolitan local government inactive in relation to the persecution of mosquitoes? My child suffered from a bite, my eyes swam, medications did not help, they called an ambulance!” Residential complex “AkbulakTown”, and in other districts what is going on ??? It’s June in the yard, but no measures have been taken, since April we have been suffering! ” – complained to under the heading “People’s Control” a resident of Gulnara Musatayeva.

    The Department of Consumer Rights Protection answered in detail the questions of the resident. “After piercing the skin, the female mosquito injects an anticoagulant inside, this substance prevents blood from clotting and allows enough blood to be sucked, it is this substance that causes a reaction at the site of the bite – itching, redness and swelling (this is a normal reaction). A severe allergic reaction can also occur. Redness and swelling spread around the bite to a maximum in 3-4 hours, sometimes several days, accompanied by unbearable itching.Also, after mosquito bites, wound infection can begin, which occurs during scratching of itchy bites. Especially children suffer from these consequences, it is difficult for them to explain that it is impossible to scratch, “- said in the department, responding to the request.

    SES specialists emphasized that local mosquito bites cannot be dangerous. “Long-term constant entomological monitoring carried out in the city registers blood-sucking insects on the territory – Aedes and Culex, Anopheles messeae.The latter can be carriers of malaria in the presence of a source of infection, but there are no sources of infection in Astana, while mosquitoes of the Culex genus prevail in the city, typical for basements of residential buildings and open stations. Therefore, local mosquitoes cannot be dangerous, “the Consumer Protection Department also said.

    It is necessary to seek medical help if the organism is individually susceptible to any insect bites. At the same time, the department assured that there is no probability of mosquito mutation, since mosquitoes die after treatment.

    The department said that the fight against mosquitoes and gnats in the city has been carried out for more than ten years. However, adjustments are made to the work every year, taking into account local specific conditions, climatic features and on the basis of entomological indications. Mosquito baiting is carried out once a month from April to September. As noted by experts, the duration of the residual effect from chemicals is on average 20 days. But there are factors that reduce the effect of drugs – these are rains, strong winds, tall vegetation, and so on.”Of course, we are not talking about the complete destruction of all mosquitoes in the capital, but about reducing the number of insects,” the department stressed.

    This year, the Department of Public Utilities began work in the capital on April 29 in places where mosquitoes hatch – these are shallow water bodies, as well as temporary spills formed after the melting of snows and rains (heavy rainfall in the capital was recorded on 16, 23, 26, 27 and April 28). Treatments against flying forms of mosquitoes began on 2 May.

    Despite the doubts of the townspeople, according to the department, almost the entire city will be subjected to treatments against flight forms of mosquitoes.

    The department notes that when conducting large-scale mosquito control treatments, all the necessary requirements to ensure the safety of the population are met. In this case, certified medical insecticides are used. In recent years, three types of drugs have been used: cyperchlor, fufanon and mostin. “These preparations have a specific odor that dissipates and does not have a negative effect on human health. During the processing season, semi-production tests of the preparations used are carried out, followed by residual control of the presence of preparations in the soil,” the experts noted.

    “Annual monitoring shows that in Astana for the last three years there has been a large amount of precipitation in the form of rain, which worsens the effectiveness of disinsection measures in the city. The average life span of females is 1-2 months, taking into account the air temperature, during this time they have time to postpone up to 5-7 clutches, and each clutch contains from 100 to 300 eggs, “the DZPP explained.

    “Once again, we note that the presence of water contributes to the intensive accumulation of mosquitoes, and this is not only the existing rivers and reservoirs, but also the created flooding places – basements of multi-storey and private housing buildings, temporary construction canals, ravines filled with water, reed vegetation on the outskirts of the city , therefore, as long as there are sources of breeding of mosquitoes, treatments lead only to a decrease in the number, and not to the complete disappearance of mosquitoes, “the department concluded.

    90,000 12 types and what to do with each of them – Akmol Inform

    In the summer, when people go out of town with their families, to summer cottages or picnics near the lake, the risk of getting unwanted bites from various insects increases. Some pass quickly, and with especially severe bites, you should immediately contact a doctor. We suggest reading about the 12 most common bites that you may experience while outing in the city or abroad on an exotic vacation.

    1. Tick.

    The forest tick is the most dangerous for humans, as it is a carrier of dangerous diseases. The oral apparatus of the parasite is designed in such a way that it makes it possible to deeply and firmly adhere to the skin. At the same time, a person will not experience pain and may find a tick on his body even after a few days. It may turn out that the tick bit you and fell off. Then, at the site of the bite, there will be a red spot with a circle of several centimeters, and in the center there will be a black or red dot.In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.

    What to do at home, with a tick bite? When there is no way to get to the hospital, the tick can be removed at home. There are several ways:

    With a thread. A loop is placed on the base of the tick’s body and gently pulled out, loosening from side to side.
    The second method is tweezers. Here it is important to ensure that there is no rupture of the calf. There are special devices for removing ticks, they represent a special clip, you can purchase it at any pharmacy.Lubricate the bite site with an antiseptic, any.

    2. Mosquito.

    Visually, mosquito bites appear on the skin as pink papules with circular outlines, drops. If the bite is combed, it will turn red because the mosquito’s saliva will enter the surrounding tissues, which will intensify the reaction. There are cases when an allergic reaction with edema appears at the site of the bite.

    We treat mosquito bites

    Black elderberry and plantain leaves. After meeting with a mosquito, it is best to wipe the area with a mashed leaf of black elderberry or plantain.The leaves will help to quickly relieve swelling and disinfect the bite site.

    Ammonia . To relieve redness from a mosquito bite and itching, treat the skin with a cotton swab dipped in diluted ammonia (a tablespoon of alcohol to 3 tablespoons of water) or in a solution of baking soda (a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water).

    Menovazine. To relieve itching, swelling and irritation, lubricate the affected area with alcohol tincture of menovasin.This is a very effective remedy – no worse than the advertised expensive imported gels.

    Garlic. It has been used for a long time from mosquito bites. It has already become a traditional folk remedy. Crush a clove of fresh garlic in a garlic maker and dilute the resulting gruel with a little water. Soak a piece of cloth in the solution and apply to the bite site. Garlic will quickly relieve pain and itching, prevent the occurrence of edema.

    Soda. Add a small amount of water to a teaspoon of baking soda to form a thick mass.Make a small cake out of it and attach it to the sore spot. Wrap the top with a wet cloth. Change the cake after three hours.

    You can also dilute it harder with water and often lubricate mosquito bites with this soda solution.

    Salt. Mosquito bite blisters will disappear quickly if you rub them with fine table salt. Just rub the skin gently to avoid damage.

    Laundry soap. Helps reduce itching and redness by lubricating the bite site with a very thick solution of the darkest laundry soap.

    3. Wasp.

    Wasp sting is very painful. A burning sensation is felt in its place, it swells and turns red. Occasionally, a wasp sting will cause headaches, fever, and a rash throughout the body.

    We treat bites of wasps, bees and hornets

    Garlic juice. If you or your child have been bitten by a flying striped bandit, the first step is to remove the sting from the wound. Then lubricate the skin with fresh garlic juice or garlic gruel.

    If it was not possible to get the sting, the wound began to fester and inflammation appeared, mix the garlic gruel with honey in equal parts, lubricate the wound, apply a bandage. The procedure must be repeated 2 times a day.

    Cabbage and burdock leaves. Cabbage leaf is an effective folk remedy for insect bites. Cut off the thickened part of it and lower the sheet in boiling water for just one minute so that it warms up and becomes softer. Then attach it to the bite.

    For greater effect, grease one side of the leaf with honey and place this side on the sore spot.Wrap the compress with a bandage, and wrap it with a warm bandage on top. You need to keep the compress all night. By morning, the pain will be gone. If swelling and lump persists, repeat the procedure.

    As a rule, two procedures are enough for pus to come out of the bite and edema subsides. You can use burdock instead of a cabbage leaf. Its medicinal properties are no less effective.

    Parsley and potato juice. To relieve itching, you can also brush the bite site with parsley juice or attach a slice of raw potatoes.

    Basil. Sometimes the itching from multiple bites is so intense that it comes to bloody scratching. A decoction of the medicinal herb basil will help to quickly solve this problem.

    To do this, boil 2 tablespoons of basil for five minutes in half a liter of water. Leave to cool and drink half a glass 3 times a day. Lubricate the bites with the same infusion and add to the bath when bathing.

    Mint. Rub fresh mint leaves into gruel and lubricate the skin.You can fill a piece of gauze with grass, tie it in a knot, boil it in a liter of water for 5 minutes. Then squeeze the knot, and lubricate the bites with the broth or apply a gauze knot to them.

    As you can see, the people have enough remedies for the treatment of insect bites. And they, as practice shows, are much more effective than the advertised “miracle” balms. And much cheaper! So the choice is yours.

    Well, in the end we will give you some tips on how to avoid the attack of small pests:

    1. When going out into nature, give preference to light-colored clothing.
    2. Try not to use perfume, aftershave or any other fragrances, so that the bee does not confuse you with a flower.
    3. Consult a doctor and, if necessary, increase your zinc intake. Insects are attracted to people who are deficient in zinc.
    4. Apply petroleum jelly to naked body areas before going outside.

    4. Bee.

    After stinging, the bee dies. This is because, along with the sting, it leaves its digestive tract.Therefore, it is quite easy to recognize a bee sting. It is necessary to urgently remove the sting so that the poison does not enter the bloodstream. Bee sting is the second most common cause of anaphylaxis. If you have shortness of breath, decreased pressure, or breathing problems, call an ambulance.

    First aid measures

    Most often, adults are aware of how their body reacts to a bee sting. With a child, the situation has an unknown outcome. In any case, the initial action must be done quickly.The degree of spread of poisonous substances through the blood of the victim depends on this.

    1. Get rid of the sting immediately. It is better to do this with sterile tweezers or with clean, disinfected hands. It is important that no residue remains under the skin. Otherwise, and if dirt gets into the wound, inflammation is inevitable.
    2. Soak a clean cloth or gauze with ammonia or ethyl alcohol, vinegar, a solution of soda or potassium permanganate. Apply to the wound. Keep as long as possible, repetition is possible.This minimizes pain, disinfects and slows down the development of puffiness.
    3. You can wash the damaged area of ​​the body with soap (72% is better) and apply ice.

    5. Hornet.

    The insect pierces the skin like a bee, however, it does not leave a sting in the wound. The bite site swells, turns red, and sharp pain appears. Among the symptoms of a hornet bite: rapid heart rate, nausea, vomiting, cold limbs, bluish tinge to the lips, ears and neck.Loss of consciousness is not excluded. Small children and adults with weakened immune systems are very painful to tolerate a hornet bite. If symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.

    First aid

    In the event of a hornet bite, it is necessary to carry out a number of measures that will help get rid of the negative consequences. For example:

    • Take the victim away from the place where the hornet carried out the attack, sit in a comfortable position, unfasten the collar and loosen the belt.
    • The hornet does not leave a sting, so you should not look for it.
    • If a hornet is killed during a bite, then sting fragments may remain in the wound. In this case, it must be carefully removed in the most accessible way, disinfecting both the instrument and the wound itself.
    • The affected area must be treated with an antibacterial agent, such as a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate.
    • Wipe the bite site with any alcohol-based solution. This can be vodka, moonshine, cologne, eau de toilette, or rubbing alcohol.
    • After that, ice or something cold is applied to the bite site.
    • The victim should drink an antihistamine to avoid allergic reactions.
    • In case of a severe allergic reaction, immediately take the victim to a hospital or call an ambulance.

    How to properly treat the bite site:

    1. All movements should be clear, but light, without pressure on the bite site.
    2. The treatment agent should be applied gently with light strokes.
    3. In no case should the poison be squeezed out, since it is no longer at the bite point.
    4. Before handling, hands should be thoroughly washed with soap and water in order not to infect the wound.

    What to do is not allowed:

    • Press on the bite site.
    • Rub the affected area.
    • Cauterize the wound.
    • Warm up the swollen area.
    • Treat with iodine or brilliant green.

    Traditional medicine

    As a rule, traditional medicine uses natural, natural ingredients, in the main.When people go on vacation, in nature, they can take pills for diarrhea or for fast digestion of food, but not from the bites of various insects, although, if you are extremely careful, you can hardly feel the stings of bees, wasps or hornets, God forbid. But in nature, some plants that are always at hand will help to overcome the effects of bites. If the hornet is bitten at home, then you can also use traditional medicine.

    The following plants will be able to stop the spread of the tumor and redness:

    • Aloe juice or pulp.
    • Plantain juice or leaf.
    • Chopped parsley (greens).

    Cooking method:

    1. The bite site is rinsed with clean water.
    2. After that, a plantain leaf, plantain juice or aloe or chopped parsley gruel is applied to the bite site.
    3. Before this, the greens must be thoroughly washed.
    4. After applying the product, cover the bite site with a clean piece of cloth, gauze or bandage.Every 20 minutes it is necessary to change the compress or apply the plant sap again.

    Note! In any case, you will need an allergy pill. If this happened in nature and no one had an allergy pill, and the victim is bad enough, then he will quickly have to be taken to a nearby hospital or try to call an “ambulance”. Therefore, when going out of town for a picnic, you should always take antihistamines with you, as well as disinfecting liquids.

    6. Flea.

    The bites of these insects are most often observed on the legs. The flea may bite repeatedly. The bites appear as small red dots. If you comb them, they heal for a long time, and dark spots remain for a long time at the site of the bites.

    Flea bite recognition

    Two punctures will be visible in its center, which will help distinguish it from damage by other insects. This also suggests that in this case, the person is not dealing with an allergic reaction.A person feels the defeat of fleas immediately, since they cause pain. This is due to the fact that the parasite does not inject an anesthetic into the wound, but injects an enzyme that prevents blood from clotting. This enzyme causes itching and swelling.

    First aid

    • The first unpleasant symptom of a flea infestation is severe itching, which affects both children and adults. Therefore, flea bites on a person are treated primarily with means for disinfecting wounds, relieving pain, swelling and itching.
    • First, the affected area is washed with soapy water, rinsed and wiped dry, then an antiseptic is applied (brilliant green, iodine, alcohol, etc.). In this case, hot water is not recommended, as this will cause severe itching.
    • To remove edema, the wound is wiped with vinegar diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio or with a citric acid solution.

    7. Ant.

    When bitten by an insect, it releases a toxin that causes an allergic reaction. The affected areas are visually similar to flea bites, but the sting of an ant causes instant sharp pain.It is necessary to prevent wound infection and soothe itchy skin.

    What to do in case of an ant bite?

    • Wash the area with soapy water.
    • Apply ice for 10-15 minutes.
    • Lubricate with antiseptic (preferably 70% alcohol or vodka).

    In case of severe itching and redness, you can use pharmaceutical ant bite remedies (balms or ointments):

    • “Gold Star”;
    • “Vitaon”;
    • “Fenistil gel”;
    • “Advantan”.

    When traveling to a risk area, add an anti-anaphylactic package to the first aid kit. Ant bites in children are no more dangerous than in adults. It is difficult to persuade the baby not to comb the damaged area, so use pharmacy ointments or folk remedies to relieve itching. If the child does scratch the area, cover it with a bandage or a breathable germicidal adhesive tape.

    Treatment of ant bites with folk remedies

    • Mix baking soda with water until gruel and apply to the affected area.
    • Wipe with ammonia diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
    • Brush with mint toothpaste.
    • Place a lotion of milk or milk ice for 10 minutes.
    • Crush an activated charcoal tablet, drip a little water, put the resulting paste on the bite site and cover with foil.
    • Apply a lotion with echinacea tincture, take a few drops orally to relieve an allergic reaction.
    • Wipe this area with a cut onion or brush with onion juice.

    How to treat an ant bite with improvised means? Aloe juice, gruel from parsley or plantain leaves, a piece of raw potatoes will help. By applying them, you can relieve swelling and redness, reduce itching and pain.

    8. Lice.

    Most often, insects live on the head, but there are species that are located on other hairy parts of the body. The bite causes severe itching and leaves a small red dot.

    First aid for bites

    The peculiarity of lice is that even after the removal of parasites, itching may persist for some time, which leads to nervous disorders, insomnia.

    Traditional methods and pharmaceutical preparations are used to treat itching.

    1. The bite site is treated with soap and washed off with warm water.
    2. The affected areas are smeared with vodka or alcohol diluted with water 1: 1. Thus, the bites are disinfected and the infection does not penetrate into the deep layers of the dermis.
    3. Specifically to relieve itching, including that caused by insect bites, one of the ointments is used – Fenistil or Psilo-balm.
    4. The agent is applied to itchy areas 2-4 times a day.According to the doctor’s prescription, local treatment can be combined with the intake of antihistamines by mouth.

    If the itching is not relieved by these methods, then the patient will need hospitalization in a hospital. Antiallergic drugs in this case are administered by intravenous infusion.

    9. Horsefly.

    The bite leaves a noticeable mark with swelling around it. There is a hot sensation at the site of the edema. The bite causes itching, dizziness, infection is possible.

    How to help someone who has been bitten by a horsefly?

    First aid and further treatment are necessary to get rid of unpleasant symptoms and heal the bite site faster.The first measures are as follows:

    • In order to prevent the gadfly saliva from expanding its effect, the bitten area must be pressed down with a finger.
    • Apply ice to relieve itching.
    • The bite is important to wash with soap and water. To do this, the water must be cool, because warm can intensify the itching and burning. It is better to take soap without cosmetic additives.
    • Lubricate the bitten area with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide.After that, you can apply iodine or brilliant green. Disinfecting the wound is very important in order to prevent inflammation from developing and to avoid infection.

    Horsefly bite can be treated at home. It rarely happens that the victim needs to be hospitalized. Medical intervention is necessary if many bites have been inflicted or a person has developed severe allergic manifestations.

    Traditional and home methods of treatment are suitable in order to speed up the healing process.To do this, you can always use those tools that are at hand. Treat insect bites in the following ways:

    • A baking soda or boric acid solution will help relieve itching.
    • Plantain gruel is also effective in relieving itching. In order to prepare raw materials, you need to pluck the leaves of the plantain, rinse and grind until gruel is formed.
    • Then the resulting product is applied to the bite site, fixing with a bandage. If there is no fresh plantain nearby, you can use dried one.Before rubbing, it is soaked in water.
    • Plantain juice is an equally good way. They are impregnated with a sterile napkin and attached to the bitten area.
    • Dandelion helps with a horsefly bite with its juice, which needs to be lubricated by splitting the stem of the plant.
    • Onion juice is obtained by finely chopping an onion. It can also help alleviate the suffering of the patient.
    • Fresh wormwood juice helps to relieve pain and eliminate puffiness.

    In addition to these available remedies, mint, aloe juice, millennial, black nightshade, parsley, lemon juice, sour cream, potato gruel, propolis or calendula tincture, garlic gruel can also help relieve the symptoms of a bite.

    10. Bedbug.

    Bites are massive, close to each other and grouped. Bed bugs bite, as it were, in one line. The number of bites of one bug is from 3 to 5 punctures of the skin with redness at intervals of 2-4 centimeters.

    How and with what to treat?

    In order to get rid of itching and damage to the skin, you can use both folk remedies and specialized medical creams or ointments. How to treat bed bug bites? First you need to rinse the affected area with cool water and soap or soda solution.This will relieve the itching a little. After that, you can attach an ice cube, rub the skin with parsley or potato juice. Next, we will tell you what medicines can be used for bedbug bites?

    WARNING! Ammonia, ointment for bug bites “Fenistil” or cream “Rescuer” helps very well. The last two remedies for bedbug bites will also act as anti-allergens.

    How to get rid of itching? It is best to anoint damaged areas with Afloderm ointment or Zvezdochka balm.In case of a severe allergic reaction, you can use antihistamines – “Diazolin”, “Diphenhydramine”, “Suprastin”, “Tavegil”. However, it is best to consult a specialist doctor before using them.

    Bites of bedbugs on humans – treatment with folk remedies:

    • Treat with mint leaves;
    • Attach a softened dandelion stem;
    • Lubrication of damaged areas with garlic juice, which relieves irritation and swelling;
    • Use of plantain or bird cherry leaves;
    • Attachment of the cut onion; Lubrication with aloe juice.

    11. Fly.

    The bite leaves a red spot and is unusually painful. The insect can carry a disease called rabbit fever. Symptoms: skin ulcers, fever, headache.

    To reduce unpleasant manifestations, as well as the risk of infection after a fly bite of an autumn flare or horsefly, several simple emergency measures should be taken:

    • Rinsing the wound with plenty of clean running water.
    • Treatment with antiseptic solutions – you can use hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, brilliant green.
    • Reducing the severity of the inflammatory reaction with the help of a special insect bite remedy (Gardeks balm) or anti-inflammatory medicines for local external use (Locoid ointment, Disinfection of a wound after a fly bite with Fenistil hydrogen peroxide).
    • Fight against possible allergic reactions with antihistamines, which include Loratadin, Diazolin, Suprastin.

    12. Spider.

    Dwells only in certain areas. Its bite can only be felt after 6 hours, when pain occurs.

    First aid for bites

    When spiders bite adults or children, severe intoxication of the body develops, so you need to quickly provide the victim with first aid. If a person managed to see a jointed one and determine its belonging to a poisonous species, then medical intervention will be required. You should call the ambulance team, and only then try to alleviate the condition of the victim.The following measures will help prevent the spread of poison in the body:

    • the area of ​​the bite must be thoroughly washed under running cool water using laundry soap;
    • in case of damage to a limb, it should be immobilized to prevent the penetration of poison into the subcutaneous tissue and healthy tissue;
    • the bite site must be treated with solutions with antiseptic and antimicrobial activity – hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine bigluconate, iodine, brilliant greens, ethyl alcohol, Miramistin, Furacilin;
    • You can localize the area of ​​distribution of toxins by pulling an arm or leg (without disturbing blood circulation!) With an elastic bandage slightly above the bite area;
    • on the reddened area of ​​the skin, apply a cold compress in the form of pieces of ice wrapped in a dense cloth.

    If there is a loss of consciousness, then help with a spider bite is to monitor the victim until the ambulance arrives. It is necessary to turn the person on its side and make sure that he does not choke on vomit.

    How to drive away bloodsuckers?

    Currently, there are many means of protection against mosquitoes, including folk remedies.

    They are stopped by the smells of anise and cloves, the smell of leaves of tomatoes and eucalyptus.
    They do not tolerate tobacco smoke or smoke from a fire to which spruce or pine cones have been added.

    So that they do not fly into the house, put branches of wormwood, tansy, yarrow, bird cherry near the front door, in general, what is at hand.