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Itchy rash in crease of elbow: Elbow Rash – Symptoms, Causes, Treatments


Elbow Rash – Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Rash is a symptom that causes the affected area of skin to turn red and blotchy and to swell. A rash may cause spots that are bumpy, scaly, flaky, or filled with pus. Rashes can vary in location, pattern, and extent and may occur in any area of the body. An elbow rash can have a variety of causes, and it may indicate something occurring around the elbow itself or suggest a systemic (body-wide) condition.

Contact dermatitis (skin inflammation) is caused by an adverse reaction to something that touches the skin, including chemicals found in detergent, soap or a fragrance. For example, you may develop a rash on your elbow when wearing a shirt that was washed with a particular detergent or treated with a chemical. Exposure to metal can also cause elbow rash. Other forms of contact dermatitis include exposure to certain plants, such as poison oak or ivy, an animal bite, or an insect sting. Lyme disease is caused by tick bite, which can first appear as a circle with a bull’s-eye pattern, then progress to a rash.

Allergies to food and medications are potentially serious sources of rash. Peanuts, shellfish, strawberries and avocados are just some of the foods that can trigger allergic reactions. These foods may cause mild reactions; however, in some cases, reactions could develop into potentially life-threatening conditions characterized by vomiting, difficulty breathing, and swelling. Allergic purpura is a serious, often life-threatening allergic reaction that can cause a skin rash but can also affect the joints, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys.

Rashes may also be associated with skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis and impetigo. The elbow is a common location for psoriasis eruptions, which cause scaly white spots and inflammation. Some chronic skin conditions may flare up for a time, then resolve. Other causes of rash include autoimmune disorders that occur when the body is attacked by its own immune system, which normally serves to protect it from foreign invaders (antigens). Many viruses that occur during flu season, or those associated with childhood diseases, can produce rash.

Rashes can be caused by an allergic reaction to food, medications, lotions or detergents. These reactions can range from mild to potentially life threatening, especially if swelling and constriction of breathing occurs, which could indicate anaphylaxis.
Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if a rash is accompanied by any serious symptoms including swelling of the face, swelling and constriction of the throat, difficulty breathing, fainting, change in level of consciousness or alertness, pale skin, or purple rash.

Seek prompt medical care if a rash is persistent and causes you concern.

Dermatitis – Diagnosis and treatment


Your doctor will likely talk with you about your symptoms and examine your skin. You may need to have a small piece of skin removed (biopsied) for study in a lab, which helps rule out other conditions.

Patch testing

Your doctor may recommend patch testing on your skin. In this test, small amounts of different substances are applied to your skin and then covered. The doctor looks at your skin during visits over the next few days to look for signs of a reaction. Patch testing can help diagnose specific types of allergies causing your dermatitis.


The treatment for dermatitis varies, depending on the cause and your symptoms. In addition to the lifestyle and home remedies recommendations below, dermatitis treatment includes one or more of the following:

  • Applying to the affected skin corticosteroid creams, gels or ointments
  • Applying to the affected skin certain creams or ointments that affect your immune system (calcineurin inhibitors)
  • Exposing the affected area to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light (phototherapy)
  • Using oral corticosteroids (pills) or injectable dupilumab, for severe disease

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.

Lifestyle and home remedies

These self-care habits can help you manage dermatitis and feel better:

  • Moisturize your skin. Routinely applying a moisturizer with high oil content can help your skin.
  • Use nonprescription anti-inflammation and anti-itch products. Over-the-counter (OTC) hydrocortisone cream can temporarily relieve redness and itching. Oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, may help reduce itching.
  • Apply a cool wet cloth. This helps soothe your skin.
  • Take a comfortably warm bath. Sprinkle your bath water with baking soda or colloidal oatmeal — a finely ground oatmeal that’s made for the bathtub. Soak for 5 to 10 minutes, pat dry and apply unscented moisturizer while your skin is still damp. A lotion of 12 percent ammonium lactate or 10 percent alpha-hydroxy acid helps with flaky, dry skin.
  • Use medicated shampoos. For dandruff, use OTC shampoos containing selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, coal tar or ketoconazole.
  • Take a dilute bleach bath. This may help people with severe atopic dermatitis by decreasing the bacteria on the skin. For a dilute bleach bath, add 1/2 cup (about 118 milliliters) of household bleach, not concentrated bleach, to a 40-gallon (about 151-liter) bathtub filled with warm water. Measures are for a U.S. standard-sized tub filled to the overflow drainage holes. Soak for 5 to 10 minutes and rinse off before patting dry. Do this two to three times a week.

    Many people have had success using a dilute vinegar bath rather than a bleach bath. Add 1 cup (about 236 milliliters) of vinegar to a bathtub filled with warm water.

  • Avoid rubbing and scratching. Cover the itchy area with a dressing if you can’t keep from scratching it. Trim your nails and wear gloves at night.
  • Wear cotton clothing. Smooth-textured cotton clothing can help you avoid irritating the affected area. Avoid wool, as itching can flare after removing wool clothing that directly touches the skin.
  • Choose mild laundry detergent. Because your clothes, sheets and towels touch your skin, choose mild, unscented laundry products.
  • Avoid the known irritant or allergen. For contact dermatitis especially, try to minimize contact with the substance that caused your rash.
  • Manage your stress. Emotional stressors can cause some types of dermatitis to flare up. Consider trying stress management techniques such as relaxation or biofeedback.

Alternative medicine

Many alternative therapies, including those listed below, have helped some people manage their dermatitis. But evidence for their effectiveness isn’t conclusive.

  • Dietary supplements, such as vitamin D and probiotics, for atopic dermatitis
  • Rice bran broth (applied to the skin), for atopic dermatitis
  • 5 percent tea tree oil shampoo, for dandruff
  • Aloe, for seborrheic dermatitis
  • Chinese herbal therapy

If you’re considering dietary supplements or other alternative therapies, talk with your doctor about their pros and cons.

Preparing for your appointment

You may first bring your concerns to the attention of your family doctor. Or you may see a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions (dermatologist).

Here’s some information to help you get ready for your appointment and know what to expect from your doctor.

What you can do

Before your appointment, list your answers to the following questions:

  • What are your symptoms, and when did they start?
  • Does anything seem to trigger your symptoms?
  • What medications are you taking, including those you take by mouth as well as creams or ointments that you apply to your skin?
  • Do you have a family history of allergies or asthma?
  • What treatments have you tried so far? Has anything helped?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to talk about in depth. Depending on what type of dermatitis you have, your doctor may ask:

  • Do your symptoms come and go, or are they fairly constant?
  • How often do you shower or bathe?
  • What products do you use on your skin, including soaps, lotions and cosmetics?
  • What household cleaning products do you use?
  • Are you exposed to any possible irritants from your job or hobbies?
  • Have you been under any unusual stress or depressed lately?
  • How much do your symptoms affect your quality of life, including your ability to sleep?

Dermatitis care at Mayo Clinic

July 11, 2019

Show references

  1. Wolff K, et al. Eczema/dermatitis. In: Fitzpatrick’s Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed April 29, 2019.
  2. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Atopic dermatitis. In: Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2019. https://www.accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed April 29, 2019.
  3. Eichenfield LF, et al. Guidelines of care for the management of atopic dermatitis: Section 1. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2014;70:338.
  4. Eichenfield LF, et al. Current guidelines for the evaluation and management of atopic dermatitis: A comparison of the Joint Task Force Practice Parameter and American Academy of Dermatology guidelines. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2017;139:S49.
  5. AskMayoExpert. Atopic dermatitis. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2019.
  6. Rice bran. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed April 30, 2019.
  7. Tea tree oil. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed April 30, 2019.
  8. Aloe. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed April 30, 2019.
  9. Warner KJ. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 29, 2019.
  10. Ash S, et al. Comparison of bleach, acetic acid, and other topical anti-infective treatments in pediatric atopic dermatitis: A retrospective cohort study on antibiotic exposure. Pediatric Dermatology. 2019;36:115.
  11. Eczema and bathing. National Eczema Association. https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/treatment/bathing. Accessed April 30, 2019.
  12. Ibler KS, et al. Hand eczema: Prevalence and risk factors of hand eczema in a population of 2,274 health care workers. Contact Dermatitis. 2012;67:200.
  13. Over the counter. National Eczema Association. https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/treatment/over-the-counter. Accessed April 30, 2019.
  14. Nguyen HL, et al. Contact dermatitis to medications and skin products. Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology. 2019;56:41.
  15. Nguyen GH, et al. Climate change and atopic dermatitis: Is there a link. International Journal of Dermatology. 2019;58:279.

6 most common cases and their treatment


What Is A Rash?


A rash is usually a red mark on the surface of the skin. They can be caused by a host of reasons and we’ll dig into that a little later. In all, a rash is a reaction to something. It could become swollen, red and even blister. Regardless, this is your body reacting to something it doesn’t like. Your body does not produce a rash because its happy!

Genetics can also play a part in your the rashes you get. Depending on your genes you could be more sensitive to certain environmental factors, foods or otherwise. It’s also worth pointing out that ‘rash’ is not a specific diagnosis. It simply refers to any sort of inflammation or discoloration that distorts the skins normal appearance.


Rashes are Common


Skin disease is one of the leading causes of global disease burden, affecting millions of people world wide. Aging, environmental and genetic factors, and trauma can result in the development of a diverse set of skin diseases, with over 3000 entities identified in the literature.

Patients with skin diseases make up about 6% (in Children < 15 years of age 9%) of the patients seeking in primary care, where most skin diseases can also be dealt with. Skin symptoms can be part of systemic diseases and a holistic approach is important as well as a good collaboration between skin specialist, primary health care and other disciplines.


What Causes That Itchy Rash?


Atopic Dermatitis – Finger


The cause of your rash could be due to a plethora of conditions. Rashes are not easy to diagnose and in some cases even doctors struggle to diagnose correctly. We would always recommend speaking to a board-certified dermatologist if you have a persistent rash. Equally, we have created artificial intelligence that allows you to search for potential skin rash causes. Simply upload an image and we provide the results.

Check Rashes at Home


Outbreaks of rashes that are itchy, red, spots or bumps on the skin are very common and have many different causes. If you have an outbreak, you need to do some itchy rash “investigation” yourself.

There are a few things to consider before talking to a doctor. Firstly, did you come into contact with something unusual recently? This can include both natural materials (such as fruit or leaves) and artificial materials (like household chemicals) or work related (nickel). Anything unusual?

Maybe you ate fruit that you do not usually eat or used a new cosmetic or detergent product? Any of these, you likely have an allergy-related rash.  An online dermatologist can confirm a case of an allergy-related rash in just a few hours.


What About The Itching


Itching is an unpleasant sensation where the skin signals a reflex response to tearing of the skin. Modern research has shown that an itch has many similarities to pain, where both feelings are unpleasant, but the behavioral patterns differ. Pain creates a pain-reflex and itching creates a tearing of the skin reflex.

Itching can also come out from pain; for example in case of excessive heat or electrical stimulation. Examples of causes may include insect stings, mosquito bites or allergies, that triggers the skin’s nerve system to send signals of irritation. Itching starts when there is a skin symptom, and applies to any kind of stimulation of the nerve terminals (nociceptors) in the epidermis (outer skin layer). Itching of the nose, eyes and ears can also occur and can be caused by allergic rhinitis.

An itch most common cause, is dehydration of the skin. Dry skin makes it susceptible for itching – stress, excessive bathing/showering and cold weather can worsen it.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 

To help us understand what causes rashes we’re going to split into 2: Non-infectious rashes and infectious rashes. From there you can read more about a range of rashes that could potentially affect, or be affecting you.


Non-Infectious Rashes


These rashes are some of the most common and are caused by a variety of reasons. In some cases it could simply be due to skin hydration, others it could be an allergy. Either way these rashes are non infectious rashes – they aren’t viral, fungal, bacterial or parasitic.

  • Dermatitis – This is one of the most common forms of dry skin and rashes. There are many types such as:
  • Psoriasis
  • Hives

Most non-infectious rashes are a form of dermatitis but there are other conditions such as hives (urticaria) which could be caused by an allergy. Remember we’re only really scratching the surface here so if you’re unable to see a rash that matches your condition, remember to speak to our dermatologists.

Try our FREE search engine on skin diseases


Pictures and Diagnosis of Non-Infectious Rashes


1. Atopic Dermatitis (severe itching)


Online dermatologist question

My son David age 10 in photos. Picture of right inside elbow crease, he has eczema. Allergic to pollen, dust mites, dander, milk protein. The rash is itchy and rough on the left elbow and right armpit as well. A few other patches on his body. It comes and goes in terms of severity. We don’t want to use steroids. What about new Eucrisa cream?


Itchy skin Atopic dermatitis eczema in Children


Online dermatologist answer

Thank you for sending your son’s case. Based on the information and images of your son’s arm, this is consistent with ATOPIC ECZEMA: Atopic dermatitis is very common in children but can persist into adulthood in some cases.

It often affects sites like the flexures of the big joints (skin folds cush as the knee, elbows, neck, etc), but it can be found anywhere on the body surface. This condition causes itchy inflammation of the skin with red, dry patches which sometimes lead to cracking of the skin. In some cases, multiple small blisters can appear.




Bacterial infections can also add to the problem. At-home treatment options include: avoiding substances that may be irritants (e.g. excessive showering/bathing), applying over-the-counter 1% hydrocortisone cream (twice daily for a week, then once daily for another week and then every other day for 2 weeks) plus frequent application of a moisturizing cream. If it doesn’t improve, see a dermatologist in person since more potent steroid creams requiring a prescription may be needed.

You have a specific question about Eucrisa cream. It may well be effective for your son, but in the clinical trials only around 1 in 3 people showed a significant improvement after a month (compared with 1 in 5 people on placebo). I would not recommend that you say ‘never’ to topical steroids. In my practice, topical steroid creams are more effective than 1 in 3 and can also be used very safely long term if used correctly.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 

2. Nummular Eczema


Online dermatologist question

39 years old male. Right side of neck, 3×3 inch rash with blisters. Had for approximately 6 days.

Online dermatologist answer

Thank you for sending your case. Based on the information and images of your neck, this is possibly a ECZEMA NUMMULARIS: Nummular dermatitis is a type of eczema with coin-shaped red and slightly scaly skin lesions with pruriitus (itching). Nummular dermatitis is often caused by dry skin. Moisturizing cream and a topical steroid applied twice daily would be recommended.




A potent steroid cream may be needed to clear the lesions, which will require a prescription from your dermatologist or family doctor. The treatment should be applied during at least 4-6 weeks lowering the dose every 1-2 weeks. It is of utmost importance that you avoid scratching as this only makes the inflammation worse. In your case it looks like you have a secondary infected and you would needs to do a culture before treatment with oral antibiotics. I would recommend that you see your primary care doctor or a dermatologist to do further tests.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 

3. Neurodermitis


Online dermatologist question

27 years old female. The spot has been on the inside of my left thigh for over a year now. It itches constantly and is now showing up a few inches above my knee on my left thigh as well. There is nothing on my right leg or anywhere else.


Neurodermatitis on the thigh and knee


Online dermatologist answer

Based on the information and images, possibly NEURODERMATITIS, a specific form of eczema. In this condition it´s quite frequent to only develop one single very dry and itchy spot like in your case. It´s not dangerous but the itching can get quite troublesome as you describe. The most important thing is to break the vicious circle of itching-scratching.


The treatment of choice in most cases is stronger cortisone creams several times daily in the begining and then try to withdraw slowly according to certain withdrawl schedules.  If the itching is extremely intense oral antihistamines can be added during the initial phases of treatment.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 

4. Lichen ruber planus


Online dermatologist question

40 years old female. Top of left foot and a couple underneath, top of right foot, left calf affected bad, right calf barely affected. No other affected areas on the body. I have had this for 8 months and it hurts, itches, and is UGLY. Previously, I used antifungal thinking it was ringworm and it seemed to work, until it didn’t anymore.


Rash – Lichen Ruber Planus on Foot

Online dermatologist answer

Thank you for sending your case. Based on the information and images, this is possibly a LICHEN RUBER PLANUS. Lichen planus (a.k.a. lichen ruber) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin, which can affect a number of body parts.

Common locations are the underside of the forearms, wrists, legs and the inside of the cheeks, but it can also affect both men and women in the genital area. The lesions are commonly slightly raised and reddish-violaceous in color. Itching is not uncommon and can be quite stubborn. Trauma in the area can sometimes cause more lesions to appear (a so-called Koebner phenomenon) so it is important to avoid scratching.




Lichen planus can be treated with topical steroid creams but over-the-counter Hydrocortisone 1% is is most cases not sufficient. Stronger steroid creams that requires a prescription are usually needed. For this reason I recommend that you see your family doctor or a dermatologist in person. Sometimes a small skin biopsy is needed to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other options before the treatment is begun.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 

5. Pityriasis rosea


Online dermatologist question

24 years old male. The red spots are on my arm, armpit, back, chest, neck and groin area. Always itchy and intense itching at night. Had this for 6 weeks now . Seen the doctor three times. Had steroid cream, a tablet to stop the itching and an anti fungal tablet. None seem to work.


Pityriasis Rosea on Stomach


Online dermatologist answer

Thank you for sending your case. Based on the information and images, this is possibly a PITYRIASIS ROSEA: Pityriasis Rosea is a non-contagious, benign rash that is most common in young children. This condition usually starts off with a single red, scaly patch of skin called a ‘herald patch’. Within short, multiple red scaly patches appear on the trunk, upper arms and legs.




The lesions disappear without treatment after 6-8 weeks. However, moisturizing cream and a topical steroid can be recommended to relieve the itch. Usually mild steroid creams such as Hydrocortisone 1% are sold over-the-counter. Apply twice daily for a week to start with, then once daily for a week, then every other day for 2-4 weeks. If not better within 2 weeks, see a dermatologist in person to exclude other assessments.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 

6. Dermographism


Online dermatologist question

34 years old male. Itching, rash now turning into welts. Cause unknown.


Dermographism on Back


Online dermatologist answer

Based on the information and images submitted, this is possibly a URTICARIA: Urticaria or “Hives”. They are frequently caused by allergic reactions; however, there are many nonallergic causes like medication, infection, heat, cold, pressure on the skin or an external irritant for example.

This results in the release of the substance histamine in the skin, which causes local inflammation with swelling and gives rise to itching or burning, raised, red skin lesions known as wheals. These lesions have a tendency to move around and disappear within 24 hours only to appear again in other places. Dermographism (the skin becomes raised and inflamed when scratched), as shown in the photographs, is a common symptom.




Over-the-counter antihistamine pills (e.g. Desloratadine 5 mg, once daily) are recommended to alleviate itching. Most often this will pass within a matter of days or weeks. If no improvement or if it spreads, see your family doctor or a dermatologist in person for a new evaluation and testing.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 


Itchy rash spreading all over my body – Psoriasis


Online Dermatologist question

Hi I am a 28 years man. At first it was only one rash which is the first picture I sent you, it started about a month and a half ago. Then 2 weeks ago, it just started spreading all over my body. They are small, but itch and leave like a scab if I scratch them. I have been to two doctors which one said it was eczema and the other one could not determine. So far, I have been taking triamcinolone acetonide and ketoconazole as a cream for 4 days now, but the symptoms seem to be getting worse. Please what should I do? I’m starting to get really worried about this.


Psoriasis on Leg

Online dermatologist Doctor Geronimo Jones answer

Thank you for sending your case of itchy red rash spreading over the body. Based on the information and images, this is possibly PSORIASIS: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin which can present at any age. Red patches usually with white scales are seen on different skin areas such as elbows, knees, lower legs and/or scalp. Nevertheless, it can appear anywhere on the skin. A variable amount of itching can be experienced or none at all. Sometimes there are more family members with the condition.




I recommend that you see a dermatologist or your family doctor in order to obtain prescriptions. Prescription treatment options include vitamin D-derived creams (e g Daivonex) with or without topical steroids (e g Daivobet), sun light or medical UV-therapy. In cases that don’t respond to this treatment, other systemic alternatives are available.



Infectious Rashes


We’re going to split these rashes into 4. Bacterial, Fungal, Parasitic and Viral.


Bacterial Rashes


Eruptions caused by bacteria tend to be postular (small bumps filled with pus) or could be plaque-like and painful. Here’s some of the most common for you to read up on:

Pictures and Diagnosis of Bacterial Rashes

Fungal Rashes


Fungal infections can be quite common and usually appear as fiery red marks with pustules (blisters) around the edges. Normally they affect folds in the skin such as the groin or breast area. Here’s some of the most common fungal rashes to look out for:

Pictures and Diagnosis of Fungal Rashes
Itchy rash red in groin –  Intertrigo


Online Dermatologist question

45 Male I have had an itchy red rash on my inner thighs and on my scrotum where they touch the inner thighs for 2 months … Wondering if this is heat rash, jock itch, or chaffing and what would be the best treatment… I have tried some Jock itch medicine for a week but it didn’t really help… Diaper rash ointment seems to help with symptoms but I know it would be contraindicated if it is heat rash / prickly heat…. I have not had this problem before in the summer but I may be be 3-5 pounds heavier … not sure if that is what set it off?


Intertrigo in Groin


Online dermatologist Doctor Geronimo Jones answer

Possibly INTERTRIGO or CANDIDIASIS, an irritation that sometimes occurs simultaneously with a colonization by fungi. Frequent in sites like armpits, under the breasts or like in your case in the groin, it is not dangerous.




You should respond promptly to a combined cream containing a mild cortisone cream eg hydrocortisone and an anti-fungal agent such as myconazole, which can be bought over-the-counter. The cream should be used twice daily for the first week, once daily for the second week, every other day on the third week and then twice weekly for a while.

It is also important to keep these sites dry, especially after taking showers and avoid to get too sweaty. If it does not improve see a physician for a more accurate examination. In a minor number of cases oral treatment becomes necessary. Too lose a few pounds is always a good piece of advice.

Parasitic Rashes


These rashes are usually caused by some kind of mite. Typically contracted by prolonged contact with an infected individual. It does not produce symptoms until the host becomes allergic to the mites after around 3 weeks. The most common:


Pictures and Diagnosis of Parasitic Rashes
Itchy rash for 5 weeks – Scabies


Online Dermatologist question

Female 34. I’ve had this rash for 5 weeks now. It started after I was sitting outside and I was bit by mosquitos. Those bites were on my upper arms and my legs and they resolved in a couple of days. Around that time is when I started getting this rash on my arms and briefly on my right thigh. On my arms, it started out on my wrists and quickly progressed to my forearms as well as to the palms of my hands and the backs of my hands. At that point it looked red circular and raised.

I had numerous bumps underneath my skin on the palms of my hands. It became increasingly more itchy, and then noticed I had a couple of spots of peeling skin between my fingers. Furthermore, I work in a jail and I was concerned that I may have contracted scabies. I went to an urgent care and the physician did not think it was scabies because there were no Burrows. Despite this, I still asked for the treatment and I did a treatment with malathion. That is when I noticed that I had small red raised bumps to the back of my knees and the top of my feet.

Typical Signs of Scabies

My husband was treated with malathion as well and we washed all our linens. Of note my husband does not have any rash. The next day when I woke up to wash off the medication I noticed that I had a different red raised diffuse itchy rash on the same thigh. Shortly after I started using triamcinolone. I noticed that within a day or two the rash on my forearms and my Legs/feet were almost gone. I’m not sure if it was from the malathion or from the triamcinolone. However the rash on my hands have persisted and have become increasingly itchy.

Over time the bumps on my hands have gotten darker, and now I have a peeling rash on my hands. It continues to be very itchy and I take Zyrtec/benadryl, I keep my hands moisturized throughout the day, and occasionally I still use triamcinolone (I had stopped using it after one week as I saw no improvement to my hands). None of them truly help but I do them anyway, as I’m desperate. So far, I haven’t started any new detergents/soaps/lotions/medications prior to the rash. I was in Hawaii 2 weeks before the rash, no other travel.

Furthermore, I don’t have pets but I’ve been around a couple of dogs during this time (their owners don’t have any similar issues). However, I have a history of hypothyroidism on levothyroxine, Vitamin D deficiency on ergocalciferol, and an eczema patch on the back of my neck that hasn’t bothered me in years.

Scabies on Hand

Online dermatologist Doctor Geronimo Jones answer

Thank you for sending your case. Based on the information and images of your hand, SCABIES must be ruled out with full certainty: Scabies are inflammatory lesions caused by a mite that digs burrows in the skin, that sometimes can be difficult to see. This parasite is transmitted through direct physical contact with another person with scabies. The lesions cause itching which can be severe. The itch is usually more common during the evening or night.




In order to confirm Scabies it is of utmost importance that a dermatologist in person takes a sample to be able to see the causing mite in the microscope. If the diagnosis is confirmed I usually prescribe Permethrin cream


Viral Rashes – Exanthem


Viral rashes are known as exanthems. Usually they are symmetrical and affect the skin surface all over the body. There are even arguments to suggest Covid-19 can cause reactions on the skin. Occasionally they are caused by STDs and may come with other symptoms such as coughing and sneezing. Here are the most common:


Online Dermatologist question

26 male. Rash has been itching for a month on and off now. The bumps showed up the day after i applyed anit-itch cream and sexual intercourse. Itchy red rash. Small raised shiny bumps sometimes red, pinkish or fleshed colored. Bumps dont hurt, pop or itch although the rash itches ever now and then. I cant really see a crater in the bumps either.

Molluscum Contagiosum – Penis


Online dermatologist Doctor Geronimo Jones answer

Possibly DERMATITIS and MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM, a viral infection (poxvirus) which gives rise to small shiny bumps in the genital region in adults. However, SCABIES cannot be fully excluded. Scabies gives rise to inflammatory lesions caused by a mite that digs burrows in the skin. This parasite is transmitted through direct physical contact with another person with scabies. The lesions cause itching of varying degree and is more common during the evening/night.




Before treating the lesions, it is of utmost importance to confirm the diagnosis with a dermatologist in person. To relieve the itching until you have your appointment, you can apply hydrocortisone cream (sold over-the-counter) twice daily and mositurizing cream. Try to avoid scratching the lesions.


Should I Seek Medical Advice? 


Skin Care Specialists – Dermatologists


1. What does the rash look like?


In the recent past the best way to understand what your rash looks like is to start googling and look for similar images. For example, if the rash looks like it could be ringworm then its time to get yourself to the doctor. Frankly, despite us creating our skin guide it can still be challenging when looking at so many different rashes, this is why we have built our AI, so that you can upload your image and be provided with the matching diseases  – we’re here to narrow your search and give you answers!



Are you in pain?


This seems like an obvious one but its not always! If the rash is bothering you either mentally or physically, if the itch is incontrollable and hasn’t gone away within a few days then speak to a dermatologist. This is usually a good warning sign that our body is fighting something and it is time to act, don’t just leave it.


3. Are there other symptoms?


Another good way to understand your rash is to check for other symptoms, if you notice any signs such as shortness of breath, bleeding, blisters in mouth, eyes or on the skin or even swelling then we recommend you visit your doctor or get checked up by your dermatologist as quickly as possible.

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Itchy rash Treatment


While you try and find out what you have over-the-counter symptomatic treatment is available. Treatment can include hydrocortisone steroid cream – for hives, antihistamine is frequently a chosen option. Light clothes/cool bedroom is recommended. Avoid dry skin – use moisturizing frequently – sparingly use water with soap. Not showering every day.  Sun and salt water is therapeutic.

Is this what you have? Try our FREE Skin Image Search today and get peace of mind 


Over-The-Counter (OTC) products


70% of First Derm™ users get well with an OTC that can bought at your nearest pharmacy or an online pharmacy. OTCs range from cortizone, topical antibiotics, sunscreen, moisturizing creams and disinfectants. It is important to know what your skin concern is, before embarking on self-treatment, for example perioral or periorbital dermatitis; cortizone creams are counter productive. While impetigo and acne can have a good effect with good hygiene and disinfectants bought at your local pharmacy.


Getting Tested – Allergies


There are ways to verify which allergen you are allergic to, with simple allergy tests, either with a “prick test” or a “blood test”. The blood tests are more accurate and can see a lot more parameters with only drawing blood. This blood test can test your sensitivity to hundreds of different allergens and give you a complete picture of your allergy.

This information is useful to avoid outbreaks in the future. If your findings do not seem related to an external source, the second most likely cause is an underlying disease or an infection. Infection-related rashes are easy to detect, because they usually come along with other symptoms. They can also appear after contact with an infected person or animal.


Ask Our Dermatologists


We hope this article has provided you with sufficient information on your rash! If you’re concerned and would like the advice of a professional, do not hesitate to send in a case to us today!


Itch: From mechanism to (novel) therapeutic approaches. Yosipovitch G, Rosen JD, Hashimoto T. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Nov;142(5):1375-1390

Epidemiologic Characteristics of Patients Admitted to Emergency Department with Dermatological Complaints; a Retrospective Cross sectional Study. Kilic D et al from Department of Emergency Medicine, Kepez State Hospital, Antalya, Turkey. Arch Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Aug 19;7(1):e47. eCollection 2019.

Types, Symptoms, Treatments, & More

What Are Rashes?

Rashes are abnormal changes in skin color or texture. They usually result from skin inflammation, which can have many causes.

There are many types of rashes, including eczema, granuloma annulare, lichen planus, and pityriasis rosea.


Eczema is a general term that describes several different conditions in which skin is inflamed, red, scaly, and itchy. Eczema is a common skin condition, and atopic dermatitis (also called atopic eczema) is one of the most common forms of eczema.

Eczema can affect adults or children. The condition isn’t contagious. View a slideshow to get an overview on eczema.


We don’t know for sure what causes atopic eczema, but the condition often affects people with a family history of allergies. If you have eczema, you may also have hay fever and/or asthma, or have family members with those conditions.

Some things can trigger a flare-up of eczema or make eczema worse, but they don’t cause the condition. Eczema triggers include stress, skin irritants (including soaps, skin care products, or some fabrics), allergens, and climate/environment. Learn more about the link between allergies and eczema.



The way eczema looks can vary from person to person. In adults, eczema most often affects the hands, elbows, and “bending” areas like the inside of the elbows and back of your knees. In young children, eczema often shows up inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the face, back of the neck, and scalp. Signs and symptoms of atopic eczema include:

  • Itchiness
  • Skin redness
  • Dry, scaly, or crusted skin that might become thick and leathery from long-term scratching
  • Formation of small, fluid-filled blisters that might ooze when scratched
  • Infection of the areas of broken skin


To diagnose atopic eczema, the doctor will check your skin and ask about your symptoms. They might test an area of scaly or crusty skin to rule out other skin diseases or infections. Find out more on the symptoms and diagnosis of eczema.


You can treat eczema with moisturizers that are fragrance-free and contain ingredients such as ceramides, glycerin, and mineral oil. Medications include over-the-counter creams and ointments containing the steroid hydrocortisone (for example, Cortizone-10, Cort-Aid, Dermarest Eczema, Neosporin Eczema). These products may help control the itching, swelling, and redness linked to eczema. Prescription-strength cortisone creams, as well as cortisone pills and shots, are also used for more severe cases.


For people with mild to moderate eczema, topical immunomodulators (TIMs) can help. TIMS — including brand name products Elidel and Protopic — work by changing the body’s immune response to allergens, preventing flare-ups.

Crisaborole (Eucrisa) is an ointment for mild to moderate psoriasis in those 2 and older.

Dupilumab (Dupixent) is an injectable monoclonal antibody used in patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. It clears the itch quickly in most patients.

Other drugs that might be used for people with eczema include antibiotics (to treat infected skin) and antihistamines (to help control itching).

Phototherapy is another treatment that helps some people with eczema. The ultraviolet light waves found in sunlight have been shown to help treat certain skin disorders, including eczema. Phototherapy uses ultraviolet light — either ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) — from special lamps to treat people with severe eczema.

Risks linked to phototherapy include burning (usually resembling a mild sunburn), dry skin, itchy skin, freckling, and possible premature aging of the skin. Your health care professionals will work with you to lessen any risks. Get more details about treatments for eczema.



There’s no way to prevent atopic eczema, but you can do things to improve your symptoms:

  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid scratchy materials (for example, wool) and chemicals such as harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents
  • Moisturize often
  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity
  • Avoid situations that cause sweating and overheating

Read more on how to prevent eczema flare-ups​​​​​​​.


Granuloma Annulare

Granuloma annulare is a chronic skin condition that consists of a circular-shaped rash with reddish bumps (papules).

Most often, the condition affects children and young adults. Granuloma annulare is slightly more common in girls and usually is seen in people who are otherwise healthy.


We don’t know what causes granuloma annulare.


People who have granuloma annulare usually notice one or more rings of small, firm bumps over the backs of their forearms, hands, or feet. The rash may be mildly itchy.


Your doctor can diagnose you. They might use a skin biopsy to confirm you have granuloma annulare.



Treatment of granuloma annulare usually isn’t necessary, except for cosmetic reasons. In some cases, steroid creams or ointments can help the bumps disappear. Some doctors may decide to freeze the lesions with liquid nitrogen or to inject steroids directly into the rings of bumps. Ultraviolet light therapy or oral drugs can be used in serious cases.

See a photo of what granuloma annulare looks like.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is a common skin disorder that produces shiny, flat-topped bumps. They often have an angular shape and a reddish-purplish color. Lichen planus can show up anywhere on the skin but often affects the insides of your wrists and ankles, your lower legs, your back, and your neck. Some people have lichen planus inside their mouth, genital region, scalp, and nails. Thick collections of bumps may occur, especially on the shins.

Lichen planus most often affects adults ages 30-70. It isn’t common in very young or elderly people.



Doctors think lichen planus is an autoimmune condition, meaning your body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. But they don’t know what causes it. Sometimes lichen planus results from a triggering agent such as hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Doctors call that a lichenoid reaction.

If you’re allergic to medications to treat high blood pressure, heart disease, and arthritis, you could get a lichen planus-type rash. Lichen planus isn’t contagious.


Signs and symptoms of the condition include shiny, flat-topped bumps that are purple or a reddish-purplish color. It’s often itchy. When it shows up on your scalp, lichen planus can lead to hair loss. Lichen planus of the nails can cause brittle or split nails.



A doctor can diagnose lichen planus by the way it looks or with the use of a skin biopsy. For this procedure, they’ll take a small bit of skin from the affected area and send it to a lab for testing.



Lichen planus can’t be cured, but you can treat the symptoms with anti-itch products like antihistamines (for example, Benadryl, or diphenhydramine). If lichen planus affects only a small part of the body, you can apply medicated cream to the affected area. In more severe cases, doctors might prescribe steroid shots, prednisone, or other drugs that suppress your immune system. They might also give you retinoids or try light therapy.

View a slideshow to see photos of lichen planus and other skin reactions.

Pityriasis Rosea

Pityriasis rosea is a common skin rash that usually is mild. The condition often begins with a large, scaly, pink patch of skin on your chest or back. Next you’ll notice one patch of pink skin quickly followed by more. Your skin will be itchy and red or inflamed. The number and sizes of spots can vary.


We don’t know what causes pityriasis rosea. But there is evidence that suggests pityriasis rosea may be caused by a virus because the rash resembles certain viral illnesses. The rash doesn’t seem to spread from person to person.



The primary symptom of pityriasis rosea is that large, scaly, pink area of skin followed by more itchy, inflamed, or reddened patches. Pityriasis rosea affects the back, neck, chest, abdomen, upper arms, and legs. The rash can differ from person to person.


A doctor can usually diagnose pityriasis rosea by looking at it. They may do blood tests, scrape your skin, or do a skin biopsy to rule out other skin conditions.


If your case is mild, you may not need treatment. Even more serious cases sometimes go away on their own. Oral antihistamines (like diphenhydramine), over-the-counter medications you rub on your skin, and prescription steroids can help soothe the itch.


Sores may heal faster with some exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet light. Don’t get too much sun, though. In most cases, pityriasis rosea goes away within 6-12 weeks.

See a photo of what pityriasis rosea looks like.

Common Kid Rashes — How to Treat Them


  • Eczema is a chronic skin problem marked by redness, flakiness, and itchiness. Though no one’s sure of its cause, it may be genetic. We do know, however, that heat and sweat often aggravate the condition, which affects 15 percent of all kids, usually before age 5. (About half will outgrow it.) The rash normally appears in skin folds (think elbow and knee creases). It can also show up on the hands, face, and neck.

    Prevent it: You can’t prevent eczema, but you can minimize flare-ups. Avoid fragrances and additives in soaps, lotions, detergents, and dryer sheets (these can irritate skin). Dress your child in cotton clothes to keep him cool, and use an unscented lotion or ointment to keep skin moist.

    Treat it: Apply a 1 percent hydrocortisone cream for the inflammation. To relieve the itch, try an oral antihistamine such as Benadryl. If the rash recurs or gets worse, call your pediatrician.


    • Ringworm isn’t really a worm — it’s an infection caused by a fungus, leading to one or more red, flaky, round or oval-shaped lesions with a raised border. Ringworm is more common in the summer, when fungi grow more rapidly and possibly because children have more skin-to-skin contact with each other then (such as at camp or on the playground). You can also get ringworm from touching infected animals, or objects or surfaces that an infected person or animal has touched.

      Prevent it: Tell your kid to wash her hands after touching animals and playing sports, and not to share personal items like hairbrushes or clothes.

      Treat it: Use an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal cream (like miconazole or clotrimazole). If the lesions persist, see your doctor.

      Diaper rash

      • Infants are slightly more vulnerable to this problem in the summer, when excess perspiration makes an already-wet diaper even more aggravating to their sensitive skin (poor babies!). The result: a red, spotty, inflamed rash.

        Prevent it: Change diapers frequently — and let your baby go diaper-free for 15 to 20 minutes between changes so his skin can air-dry.

        Treat it: Avoid using scented baby wipes that contain alcohol, which can worsen the rash. Instead, use a squirt bottle with water to cleanse the area, then pat it dry with a towel. Apply a diaper ointment that contains zinc oxide (such as Triple Paste or Balmex) to soothe the skin and protect it from getting too moist. If the rash doesn’t go away within three to four days, talk to your doctor: Your child might have a yeast infection or a staph infection. Symptoms include blisters or pus-filled bumps.

        Yeast infection

        • Candida, the culprit behind most yeast infections, normally lives on our skin and is usually not a problem. But it thrives in warm, humid summer months, upping the chance that it’ll trigger an infection in your baby. Children in diapers and those on antibiotics (these medications kill the good bacteria that keep yeast in check) are especially prone to yeast infections, which cause a red rash — possibly surrounded by bumps — that itches, burns, or oozes a clear fluid. It usually appears in the skin folds in the diaper area.

          Prevent it: Change your baby’s diapers frequently to reduce diaper rash, which can predispose her to yeast infections.

          Treat it: Use an OTC antifungal treatment such as miconazole (Fungoid Tincture), clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF), or terbinafine (Lamisil). See a pediatrician if the infection lasts longer than three to five days.

          Poisonous plants

          • Poison ivy, poison oak, and sumac contain urushiol, a resin that can cause a bumpy, blistery, and very itchy rash if you brush up against the leaves of any of these plants.

            Prevent it: Learn to recognize these pesky plants. Poison ivy is a vine on the East Coast, in the Midwest, and in the South, but it’s a shrub-like plant in the North and West. It’s most often found near lakes, streams, and trails, but can also grow in your backyard. Poison oak is generally found in the Southeast and on the West Coast. And sumac is a large shrub or small tree that tends to grow in moist areas like marshes and swamps. Best bet: Visit keepkidshealthy.com and do a search for each plant — you’ll find photos to help you steer clear. In woods and marshy areas, try to dress your kids in long pants, long sleeves, and shoes that totally cover the feet.

            Treat it: “Poison ivy often goes away on its own in two weeks,” says Daniel Krowchuk, M.D., a professor of pediatrics and dermatology at Wake Forest University in North Carolina. But you can relieve symptoms: Give your child a cool-water oatmeal bath and/or apply calamine lotion or a topical ointment such as Caladryl Clear to soothe skin and dry up blisters. If his itching is severe, give him an oral antihistamine. And if it’s widespread or severe on his face, head to your pediatrician — your child may need a steroid to control the inflammation.

            Steve Wilson/Istock

            Insect bites

            • Most bug bites are red bumps with a little hole in the center; itchy welts tend to emerge within a day or two of the bite. Mosquitoes bite anywhere that skin’s exposed, while fleas usually stick to ankles since they tend to live in rugs or grass. Spider bites are generally larger, blistered, and more serious.

              Prevent it: Call kids indoors after dusk, when bugs — especially mosquitoes — are most active. Use a bug spray containing 10 percent DEET, such as OFF! Active, or picaridin (unless your child is under 2 months old). If you use one of the growing number of sprays on the market containing oil of lemon eucalyptus, know that the American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend them for children under age 3.

              Treat it: Luckily, most bites are harmless — unless they become infected with bacteria or a fungus, which can enter skin that’s been broken from too much scratching. Head off infection by cleaning a bite with soap and water, applying an antibiotic cream, and covering it with a bandage. A hydrocortisone cream, such as Cortaid, will help with the itch. If you suspect a spider bite, call the doctor: Some spiders, such as the brown recluse spider and the black widow, are poisonous and may require a prescription remedy.

              Heat rash

              • If your child’s arms or torso have suddenly sprouted lots of little red bumps, heat rash — also known as prickly heat — is probably to blame. This rash occurs when skin overheats and sweat gets clogged in pores on the parts of the body where kids (and adults) sweat most.

                Prevent it: Dress your child in lightweight, breathable fabrics (you can’t go wrong with 100 percent cotton) and don’t use heavy moisturizers, which can clog sweat glands and trigger a rash.

                Treat it: Have your child hang out in a cooler, less humid environment when possible, and give her a cool compress or bath if her skin feels warm to the touch. If the redness remains, the rash becomes painful, or the condition doesn’t go away in three or four days, call your doctor: These symptoms sometimes signal folliculitis, a bacterial infection of the hair follicles that may require antibiotics.

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                Common Skin Concerns for Knees, Heels, and Elbows

                Itchy, dry skin can strike anywhere, but the heels, elbows, and knees are common problem areas for many people. These areas may become a concern, even when the rest of the skin is smooth. Here are some of the reasons for the problems and some possible solutions.

                Dark Knees and Elbows

                Knees and elbows can sometimes become noticeably darker than the rest of the skin. The problem typically begins because the skin has become too dry and thick. Sunlight and self-tanners may also amplify the problem. Another issue can be the difficulty to thoroughly clean the knees and elbows due to their natural creases and the presence of any dry, cracked skin.

                The skin on the knees and elbows is naturally thicker than other skin because those are points of pressure that need protection. However, you can remove some of the dry surface skin through exfoliation. A department store exfoliator, used as you would on the face, will help to remove some of the skin and possibly lighten it as well.

                A paste of lemon juice and baking soda may also lighten the skin. Mix equal amounts of the two ingredients and apply the paste to the problem area. Allow the paste to remain for a few minutes and then remove with water. Apply a moisturizer every day to keep the skin supple. Also, avoid the knees and elbows when selftanning and use extra sunblock on them when in the sun.

                Itchy Elbows and Knees

                Another common complaint is itchy skin. The knees and elbows are target spots for psoriasis, and the itch could be the start of the problem. Atopic dermatitis and eczema can also cause an itch, but these tend to occur on the inner elbow and behind the knees. The itching is often intense and can be accompanied by unsightly red bumps.

                To avoid problems with itchiness, switch to gentle laundry detergents and perfume-free body products. Lemon juice and exfoliants could also make the discomfort worse in these instances, so avoid the use of these products if the skin is irritated or broken. Coal tar shampoos and OTC creams may help to relieve the discomfort of psoriasis and dermatitis, but you should visit a doctor for persistent itching or a rash.

                Dermatitis herpetiformis is another condition that can affect the knees and elbows. The condition causes a red, itchy, blistering rash that causes a burning sensation. The problem strikes those with celiac disease, so anyone diagnosed with the rash should eliminate gluten from their diet.

                Cracked and Split Heels

                Cracked, dry heels can become uncomfortable to walk on and may make people want to hide their feet from view. Use a pumice stone in the shower each day and apply lotion at least twice a day to treat this dry skin. Also avoid long-term exposure to moisture on the feet because it will remove the natural oils from the skin and cause dryness and itching.

                Heel fissures are the uncomfortable splits that appear when the skin is excessively dry. Use emollient lotions and a barrier, like petroleum jelly, to keep the moisture in the skin. Apply these products at night, and wear cotton socks to bed to keep the lotion in place and hydrate the skin. You could also use a pumice stone, gently, on these fissures.

                See a doctor if you have pain, redness, or swollen skin around the fissures because an infection could be present. People often think of athlete’s foot as a rash around the toes, but it is possible for it to affect the heels as well. Psoriasis, thyroid disorders, and diabetes can all also cause dry heels. If basic at-home care is not helpful, talk to your doctor about these other potential problems.

                A skin problem on any part of the body can become unbearable and diminish self-confidence. At Associated Dermatologists, we can help your skin to look and feel better from head to toe. Contact us today to schedule an evaluation.

                10 Top Causes of Itchy Upper Arms

                Find out what’s causing your arms to itch.

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                Last updatedJanuary 26, 2021

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                Itching, also known as “pruritus,” is a common symptom that everyone will experience at some point. Itching occurs when itch-specific nerves in your skin are stimulated and then transmit this information through the spinal cord to your brain.

                Itchy skin can be a symptom of many different types of skin conditions. It can be caused by dry skin, rashes, hives, dermatitis, or psoriasis. You may get itching from poison ivy or a bug bite.

                Some conditions can cause the whole body to itch, while others only affect certain areas, like the arms.

                1. Dry skin


                • Flakey or scaly looking skin

                Dry skin is the most common cause of itchy upper arms. It is most common in older people.  It can be caused by frequent bathing, using soaps that strip the skin of moisture, and during winter months when indoor heat is frequently used.

                Dry skin is easily treated by regular use of a moisturizer, which is especially important during the winter.

                2. Eczema (atopic dermatitis)

                Science is trying to learn more about the way the immune system plays a role in itching. Certain chemicals have been identified that cause itching to occur. One of these chemicals, called interleukin-31, is being studied as the target of a drug to help people who suffer from diseases like atopic dermatitis. —Dr. Amrita Khokhar


                • Intense itching
                • Red, scaly rashes
                • Thickened-appearing skin

                Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, is a type of rash that is often seen in people who have other allergic diseases, like asthma or food allergies. In some people, it can be caused by a gene that weakens the skin’s natural barrier, which allows it to be more susceptible to allergens and irritants. The hallmark of eczema is itching, which can often make the rash even worse.

                Treatment is based on how severe it is. The main therapy is frequent use of thick moisturizers, along with using fragrance-free, hypoallergenic skin care products. Topical steroid creams can help clear up inflamed areas; these come in many different strengths and need a prescription. An allergist or a dermatologist may also recommend other specialized medications if your eczema is very severe.

                3. Psoriasis


                • Red, sharply-defined rashes
                • Silvery-appearing scaliness on the skin

                Psoriasis in an inflammatory skin disease that leads to red, scaly rashes. It can affect different parts of the body. The outside of the elbow and the surrounding area is a common location. People who have psoriasis are at risk for other diseases, like psoriatic arthritis, which can lead to joint pain and stiffness throughout the body.

                There are many treatments for psoriasis. Mild rashes can be treated with a topical steroid cream. Another effective treatment is phototherapy, which is ultraviolet light exposure performed under the supervision of a dermatologist. Finally, there are many types of oral medications or injectable medications available that work by blocking parts of the immune system response that leads to inflammation.

                4. Allergic contact dermatitis


                • Intense itching
                • Red rash
                • In severe cases, blistering can occur

                Allergic contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction that occurs after your skin comes into contact with an allergen (a substance that triggers this reaction). Allergic contact dermatitis can be caused by many different allergens, but the most common ones that could affect the upper arms include fragrances, dyes used in clothing, and preservatives found in skin care products. Certain plants, like poison ivy, contain oils that also elicit an allergic reaction if you happen to brush up against them with bare skin.

                An allergist or dermatologist can help you figure out if your rash is from allergic contact dermatitis. If it seems likely, patch testing can help pinpoint the cause. Treatment requires avoiding the allergen and using topical steroids for a short period of time to treat the rash.

                5. Ringworm (tinea corporis)

                You should ask if the specific condition causing your upper arm to be itchy will go away with treatment, as with something like ringworm. Or is it something more persistent, like eczema or psoriasis. This will give you a better idea of what to expect in terms of treatment and progress. —Dr. Khokhar


                • Circular red rash that spreads outwards
                • Center of rash appears better than the surrounding area
                • The border of the rash is raised
                • Itching

                Ringworm is caused by a fungus—not an actual worm—on the surface of the skin. There are a few different types of fungi, also called dermatophytes, that can cause it. Ringworm is very contagious and you can become infected after touching someone who has it, a contaminated surface, or an animal who has the disease.

                Ringworm can usually be treated with a topical antifungal cream that you can get over-the-counter or by prescription.

                6. Insect bites


                • Raised welts where the bite occurred
                • Itching

                Insect bites, especially those from mosquitoes and blackflies, can lead to intensely itchy rashes and bumps. Mosquitoes and blackflies will bite unclothed skin, which is why the arms are so frequently affected.

                While there’s no treatment after you’ve been bitten, you can do certain things to try to prevent being bitten. This includes wearing long sleeves and long pants, using an insect repellent like DEET or picaridin, and avoiding going out at dawn and dusk when insects are the most active.

                7. Folliculitis


                • Pus-filled red bumps around hair follicles
                • Itching

                Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles, usually by a bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus. This leads to red, sometimes pus-filled bumps on the arms (or other parts of the body) which can be itchy.

                Topical antibiotics, like mupirocin, can often clear up folliculitis. But if your rash isn’t improving with topical medication, an oral antibiotic might be prescribed.

                8. Urticaria (Hives)


                • Raised, swollen, and irregularly shaped welts on the skin
                • Intense itching

                Hives are often the result of an allergic reaction, such as a food allergy, medication allergy, or bee sting. Sometimes, hives can occur spontaneously, which means there’s no apparent cause for them. While they often only last a few hours before disappearing, hives can be intensely itchy and disruptive.

                Hives often respond quickly to antihistamines, a type of oral allergy medication. Identifying and avoiding the suspected allergen is also important.

                9. Brachioradial pruritus


                • Itching of the outer arms

                Brachioradial pruritus causes itching of the arms, and is thought to be caused by a nerve injury in the cervical spine. It also occurs in people who get a lot of sun exposure. It can worsen during the summer months.

                Brachioradial pruritus isn’t well understood, so it’s not clear what the best treatment is, but some people find relief by using prescription topical itch creams.

                10. Polymorphous light eruption


                • Red, itchy rash in sun-exposed areas

                Polymorphous light eruption (PMLE) is an itchy rash that occurs in response to sun exposure, often hours or days afterwards. It’s due to exposure to the ultraviolet radiation found in sunlight. It most frequently affects fair-skinned women in their 20s and 30s, usually during the spring and summer months.

                PMLE can be prevented by avoiding the sun. Wearing long-sleeved tops or using sunscreen can also help. If you get the rash, prescription topical steroids can help heal it quickly, and over-the-counter antihistamines can help relieve the itch.

                Other possible causes

                Some less common causes of upper arm itching include the following:

                • Polycythemia vera: This is a blood disorder where excess amounts of red blood cells are produced by the body. The increase in red blood cells can cause itching, often of the arms.
                • Dermatomyositis: This is an autoimmune condition that causes inflammation in the muscles and can also be associated with a purple-colored, itchy rash that can affect the arms, as well as the face, hands, and chest.

                When to see a doctor

                You should see your doctor for upper arm itching if you notice the following:

                • You have a rash that isn’t getting better or is worsening
                • The itch is interfering with day-to-day activities 

                Treatments for itchy upper arms

                You should tell your doctor how long your upper arm has been itchy and if you’ve noticed itching or a rash anywhere else on your body. These two questions can really help pinpoint the possible causes. —Dr. Khokhar

                At-home treatments

                Depending on the cause, some at-home remedies might relieve itchiness on your upper arm. These include:

                • Applying moisturizing creams to the affected areas for dryness and eczema.
                • Over-the-counter steroid creams, like hydrocortisone, for milder forms of allergic contact dermatitis.
                • Taking an antihistamine for itchiness from insect bites.

                Other treatments you might have:

                Depending on the cause of your itchy upper arm, the following are some prescription medications that your doctor might prescribe:

                • Steroid creams
                • Oral steroids
                • Immunosuppressant medications

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                Itchy Arms After 1st Covid JabPosted April 16, 2021 by D.

                After my first Covid vaccine jab, my left upper shoulder was a bit itchy for 4-5 days afterward, about the same as my flu jab a few weeks earlier. So I thought nothing of it. But 3 weeks later, both my outer arms and shoulder are itching on a regular basis every day. Normally, I would just assume it’s a temporary thing as I know my body well… but this is ongoing and seems different. I’ve checked and changed the usual, clothes, washing powder, bedsheets, etc. Yet still itchy arms, and checking all possible causes online, I know it’s not any of them as no welts, spots or visible reasons. It’s a mystery, which I can pay out down to an unusual reaction to either the Covid jab, or perhaps having the flu and Covid jab close together? It’s manageable, but a bit annoying at times… just hope it doesn’t get worse.

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                • Contact dermatitis is an itchy or painful rash that occurs on your skin after touching certain substances. It can be caused by an irritant or an allergen, like poison ivy, latex, or detergents.

                • Eczema is a chronic skin disease that causes itchy, inflamed skin. It’s also called atopic dermatitis. The rash comes and goes. The itching can be eased with various treatments, and you can take steps to reduce flare-ups.

                • Psoriatic disease is a chronic disease driven by an overactive immune system that attacks the skin and the joints. It causes itchy, red, scaly patches (plaques) to appear on the skin (called psoriasis). It also causes painful, swollen joints.

                • Hives are flat red welts that can appear anywhere on the skin and are usually itchy. Hives often occur as an allergic reaction to something eaten or ingested or something that has contacted the skin. They can also occur due to stress or autoimmune diseases.

                90,000 ᐈ Atypical dermatite. Treatment in children and adults. Kiev


                The course of the disease has its own differences depending on age, which are characterized by lesions and the ratio of exudative and lichenoid manifestations. A constant companion of the disease of any age period is severe itching.

                Age periods:

                Infant . Usually the disease appears 2-3 months after the birth of the child.During this period, erythematous spots, papules and vesicles form on the cheeks, forehead and under the hair, which are very itchy, wet and accompanied by edema. The clinical picture largely depends on nutritional factors.

                Child . Atopic dermatitis in this period manifests itself in the form of rashes that are less exudative than in infants. These can be inflammatory papules of the miliary or lenticular type, papulovesicles located on the skin of the arms and legs, on the wrists, forearms, elbows, under the knees, on the feet and ankle joints.Alimentary factors at this age also play a lesser role, the seasonal nature of the disease appears when it worsens in the spring and autumn.

                Teenagers and adults. Lesions at this age usually appear on the skin where the limbs are bent (elbows, popliteal folds, wrists, ankles), behind the neck, behind the ears. the disease manifests itself in the form of erythema, papules, peeling, cracks, many excoriation. By the age of 30, partial remission may occur with dry skin, their high sensitivity to stimuli and with possible minor exacerbations in spring and autumn.

                Morphological forms of atopic dermatitis:

                Exudative. Mainly, it occurs in infancy and manifests itself in the form of symmetrical erythematous rashes of the papulovesicular form on the skin of the face and under the hair, accompanied by the formation of scaly crusts. Subsequently, the rash may appear on most of the body. There is a constant itching of different strengths.

                Erythematous-squamous. Most often appears in children at the age of 1.5-3 years, there are itchy nodules, erosion, excoriation, small erythema and infiltration with the location of lesions on the trunk, arms and legs, in rare cases on the face.

                The erythematous-squamous form with lichenification occurs at 3-12 years of age and in adults. The rash takes on an erythematous-squamous and papular appearance. The skin becomes very dry, many excoriation and scales with small plates are formed on them.Itching is intense, regular, reaching paroxysmal.

                Lichenoid. Most often occurs during adolescence. With this form of AD, there is increased dryness of the skin with a pronounced pattern, swelling, infiltration. Often, foci of lichenification merge, forming larger lesions of the skin. There is an increased intensity of itching, it becomes persistent and pronounced.

                Pruriginous. Occurs infrequently and mainly in adults.The rashes are numerous, isolated papules with a dense structure and swelling, the upper part of which may be covered with small vesicles. The lesions are most often located on the skin of the hands and feet. Dermographism is expressed as persistent white spots.

                Complicated form. In some cases, atopic dermatitis takes this form due to the addition of a secondary infection (of a viral, bacterial or mycotic nature).

                90,000 Elbow rash – causes, photos, treatment

                A rash is a symptom in which the affected skin changes, such as red, itching, burning, or swelling.The rash may appear as bumpy, pus-filled, scaly, or scaly patches. Elbow rash can occur for a variety of reasons.

                An itchy, red and bumpy rash on the elbow is a rather unpleasant condition. It can indicate a number of conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. Another serious health problem that comes with an elbow rash is gluten intolerance (celiac disease).

                What does a rash on the elbows mean?

                A skin rash is a symptom of an underlying medical condition that can range from mild disorders to serious health problems requiring urgent medical attention.Rashes can itch and occur on different parts of the body, most often on the back, buttocks, scalp, knees and elbows.

                A rash sometimes indicates gluten (gluten) intolerance in some people, a condition medically known as celiac disease. On the inside of the elbows, it can be a symptom of contact dermatitis, psoriasis, atopic eczema, allergies, impetigo, or urticaria. Finding the root cause will help with treatment.


                Signs of a rash on the elbows differ depending on the provoking factors.Rashes on the elbows can have the following main symptoms:

                • Burning and itching sensations
                • Red rash spots
                • Dry and cracked skin with possible bleeding
                • Scaling
                • Skin pain or sensitivity
                • Lumpy spots or pimples
                • Presence of purulent discharge

                Additional associated symptoms that may accompany elbow rash include:

                • Cough, fever and chills
                • Pain in the head
                • Joint stiffness and pain
                • Sore throat, sweating

                Some symptoms can be life-threatening.You should visit your doctor for a diagnosis of a health condition if:

                • Sudden swelling of face, lips and tongue
                • Sensation of tightness in the throat
                • Breathing problems, shortness of breath
                • Joint pain
                • Fever and chills
                • Discharge of pus, loss of sensitivity of the skin


                A rash on the inside of one or both elbows can result from various skin conditions, including direct allergic reactions, infections, eczema, or other causes such as stress.

                1. Contact dermatitis

                Allergic contact dermatitis. Often associated with poison ivy exposure, but this is common in America.

                This rash occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with substances that either irritate it or provoke an allergic reaction. The damaged skin becomes red, inflamed, dry, thickened, spots and cracks form on it. The main allergens are:

                • Cosmetics, colorants or aggressive detergents
                • Poisonous plants
                • Soap
                • Essential oils
                • Chemical compounds present in latex, rubber
                • Metals such as copper

                The rash on the elbow may burn, itch, the affected area will be very sensitive, and blisters may develop on the skin.Contact dermatitis can be effectively controlled with medication to relieve symptoms. These drugs are usually available without a prescription and are effective in relieving itching, burning, and irritation.

                2. Autoimmune disorders

                Photo A – Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, which manifests itself before the age of 16.
                Photo B – Vitiligo (skin discoloration)

                A rash on the elbows may also result from a dysfunctional immune system. These disorders include:

                • Dermatitis herpetiformis
                • Rheumatoid arthritis
                • Vitiligo
                • Kawasaki disease: provokes inflammation in the blood vessels, especially in children

                An underlying autoimmune disorder must be identified for treatment.

                3. Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

                Eczema in adulthood is most common on the inside and outside of the elbows and the back of the knees, but it may also affect other parts of the body

                Elbow rash can be associated with a skin disorder such as atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema. This makes the affected skin red, itchy, dry, scaly, and cracked. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is likely related to irritants, allergens, or immune system dysfunction.

                Eczema tends to develop in folds of skin, including the inside of the elbows, knees, ankles, and around the eyes or neck. Other symptoms of elbow eczema include:

                • Small, bumpy eruptions from which liquid may ooze
                • Scratched leather
                • Thickened, chapped or dry skin

                Atopic eczema on the elbows can get worse if you have staphylococcal bacteria on your skin. They can lead to cracked skin, which will worsen symptoms.

                Treatment of eczema

                This elbow rash may be permanent. You may need to try different methods and medications to treat the symptoms of atopic dermatitis. For the purpose of therapy, the following agents are used:

                • Creams for reducing itching and inflammation , eg corticosteroid ointments. Consult a physician before using any topical product. Excessive use of them can cause severe irritation, discoloration or thinning of the skin, and infection.
                • Oral preparations against itching . A severe itchy rash can be treated with oral antihistamines such as diphenhydramine. This medication is useful at night to ensure restful sleep.
                • Oral or injectable anti-inflammatory drugs . Severe inflammation can be controlled with oral corticosteroid drugs such as prednisone.
                • Antibiotic drugs for infection control.Atopic eczema caused by a bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics.

                You can also treat atopic dermatitis of the elbows with home remedies. To help reduce itching and inflammation, try:

                • Bleach Trays This method will help reduce the bacteria on the skin that cause infections. Take a dilute bleach bath or soak on the affected areas of your body. You can take any product for bleaching fabrics, since they are all antibacterial.The easiest thing is probably whiteness (it is based on chlorine). Add about ½ cup of bleach (non-concentrated) to 150 liters of warm bath water, or about 15 g to 3 liters of bath water in a bowl. Soak the affected skin for about 5 minutes. Repeat two or three times a week.
                • Moisturize your skin with at least three times a day. You can apply oil or water based cream to affected skin, including elbows, neck, arms, and legs.
                • Avoid scratching .Control your urge to scratch your elbows. This further irritates the affected areas and increases the risk of infection.
                • Use mild soaps and perfumes to stop allergic reactions or contact dermatitis.

                4. Psoriasis

                Psoriatic rash – This is already a severe form, but it all starts with mild scaling

                A rash on the outside and inside of the elbows can be a symptom of psoriasis, which changes the life cycle of skin cells, causing them to grow faster.The affected area will be covered with a very thick layer of skin in the form of silvery scales. In addition, psoriasis is associated with itching, dryness, and painful redness.

                Psoriasis is a chronic disorder that occurs almost anywhere on the body, but psoriatic rashes are most common on the buttocks, lower back, scalp, elbows and knees. Elbow psoriatic rash is mainly triggered by stressful conditions, smoking, overweight or infection.Treatment involves controlling the growth of skin cells that cause inflammation. You can remove scales on your elbows and make your skin smoother.

                Potential treatment:

                Topical corticosteroids . They are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs for treating mild psoriasis. Severe skin conditions can be treated with a combination of oral medications and topical creams.

                5. Urticaria (urticaria)


                An elbow rash can be caused by hives, which appears as swollen redness.These lesions are likely to itch. Some people have a burning sensation. Hives are caused by allergens that lead to allergic reactions, which include insect bites, food allergies to fish, nuts, eggs, or food additives, and reactions to medications such as ibuprofen and anti-inflammatory drugs.

                Symptoms of hives on the elbows include:

                • Red bumpy rash
                • Swollen skin
                • Itching, burning or tingling sensation

                6.Dermatitis herpetiformis (gluten intolerance)

                Another name for dermatitis herpetiformis is celiac disease. This is a serious disorder of the immune system in which the body reacts in a hostile manner to gluten.

                With an inadequate response of the immune system to the gluten that has entered the body, a rash appears on the human body in the form of itchy swellings. Celiac disease manifests itself in the form of a rash, affecting the same places as psoriasis: the back, buttocks, scalp, elbows, knees and is accompanied by a burning sensation.

                Treating elbow rash due to dermatitis herpetiformis involves avoiding gluten-containing foods. These primarily include some crops, namely:

                • Wheat
                • Rye
                • Oats
                • Barley

                Antibiotics are used for therapy, for example, Dapsone and others. In addition to antibiotic therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs are used to suppress the immune system.

                7. Scabies

                Elbow rash can also be caused by microscopic tick bites, although more often they begin to appear on the hands. The main symptoms are intense itching and bumpy rashes on the areas of the skin where these parasites live. Itching may get worse at night. A scabies rash consists of tiny red patches. Scratching can lead to the development of an ulcer. Tick ​​marks often appear on the elbows, wrists, palms, in the folds of the skin between the fingers and toes, and around the genitals.

                8. Lichen planus

                This is a common skin disorder that appears as shiny, flat, angular, reddish-purple bumps. Lichen planus can appear anywhere on the skin, but usually affects the inside of the wrists and knees, back, neck, and lower back.

                Sexually transmitted diseases

                A rash on the elbows can be a sign and symptom of sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes. In addition, an HIV-infected person is more likely to suffer from herpes sores on the elbows, back and arms.Eruptions are reddish and filled with fluid. How to fix them depends on the cause. Treating sexually transmitted infections can help reduce itching and inflammation.

                Itchy rash on the inside of both elbows

                On the inside of the elbow joint, some people develop an itchy rash, which is also accompanied by a burning sensation. It can be a symptom of a serious underlying medical condition. The constant urge to scratch the rash can contribute to the addition of an infection, causing damage to the affected skin.The itching sensation can be directly caused by eczema, contact dermatitis, psoriasis, scabies, and many other causes. Treating this type of rash involves finding the underlying cause.

                Red bumpy rash on the inside of the elbow

                A bumpy rash on the inside of the elbow can be caused by many of the reasons discussed above. Irregularities in the skin may indicate the appearance of scabies due to mite infestation. Hives usually begin as outbreaks of a red, bumpy rash on the affected skin.Other causes include atopic eczema, dermatitis, autoimmune disorders, and gluten (gluten) intolerance.


                Treatment for elbow rash depends on the underlying cause. It is important to resist the urge to scratch the affected area, as this can lead to infection and bleeding, taking longer to heal.

                Elbow rash can be treated with medications, including creams and ointments containing the steroid hydrocortisone. It helps control itching, swelling, and redness.

                Antibiotics can be used to treat infected skin, while antihistamines can be used to relieve itching and burning.

                Home remedies

                An itchy rash on the elbow can be treated with the following folk remedies and simple rules:

                • Apply olive oil or evening primrose oil to the affected elbow.
                • Aloe is generally useful for itchy skin rashes. Apply fresh gel to soothe irritation and burning.
                • Avoid using cosmetics and lotions on your elbows.
                • If your rash is caused by gluten intolerance, follow a strict gluten-free diet.
                • Do not scratch the rash on the elbow, this can provoke an infection that will delay the healing time.
                • Rinse the area with chamomile tea or apply cornstarch to the rash.

                If you did not find the necessary information or suitable photos here, you can also look at the article “Acne on the elbows”, which describes additional causes of rashes on the hands, which are not all included here.

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                90,000 Common skin rashes: how to tell them apart?

                There are many different types of rashes.And despite the similarity between different types of rashes, they can be caused by different reasons and, accordingly, require different types of treatment. If some types of rashes do not bother a person, then others can signal serious health problems. In this context, it is important to be able to distinguish between different types of skin rashes in order to know when to see a doctor.

                Acne. The most common type of skin rash is acne. Most people have acne at some point in their lives.About 80% of people aged 11-30 suffer from acne. It usually develops during adolescence and affects areas of the skin on the face, back, and chest. However, some people also experience acne in adulthood – about 1 in 20 women and 1 in 100 men.

                Atopic dermatitis. Another common cause of skin rashes is atopic dermatitis, or eczema. It usually develops at an early age and is characterized by dry scaly patches on the scalp, forehead and face during the first year of life.These flaky spots can also “bubble” and release fluid. Another unpleasant manifestation of atopic dermatitis is debilitating itching. If symptoms of atopic dermatitis appear later in childhood, a rash may occur in the elbows or knees. Eczema also sometimes appears on the neck, wrists, ankles, between the buttocks, and legs. A family history of psoriasis, bronchial asthma, or hay fever may affect the risk of developing atopic dermatitis. About 50% of people with severe forms of atopic dermatitis also have bronchial asthma, and about 66% have hay fever.Studies have also identified a link between atopic dermatitis and life in contaminated urban areas.

                Urticaria. About 20% of people have hives, also known as urticaria, at some point in their lives. At the same time, watery itchy bumps appear on the skin, which resemble insect bites. Hives can occur on any part of the body and “move” over the skin. Typically, urticaria appears for a short period, but in chronic cases it can last for more than 6 weeks.

                Hives can be caused by exposure to certain foods such as peanuts, eggs, tree nuts, shellfish, or medications such as antibiotics, acetylsalicylic acid and ibuprofen. Other possible causes of urticaria include insect bites, blood transfusions, bacterial and viral infections, exposure to latex, animal hair, pollen, and plant poison.

                Infectious diseases of the skin. A bacterial infection of the dermis – the deep layer of the skin – can lead to the development of cellulite, a pathology characterized by swelling, redness and the appearance of a skin rash, as well as systemic reactions – an increase in body temperature, chills, nausea.If a bacterial infection affects the hair follicles and does not penetrate the skin, the condition is called folliculitis. With this disease, acne occurs around individual hair follicles.

                Psoriasis. This pathology usually develops in patients aged 15–35 years, but can also occur in children and the elderly. It is an immune disorder that manifests itself as red, scaly patches on the skin. About 10-15% of patients with psoriasis experience their first symptoms before the age of 10 years.

                Keloid scars and actinic keratosis can also be confused with skin rashes. The latter is characterized by the appearance of patches of rough, scaly skin on the back, arms, forearms and face due to prolonged sun exposure and skin aging.

                Keloid scars can occur as a result of tissue scarring after cuts, burns, piercings, tattoos, etc.

                Based on materials from www.medicalnewstoday.com

                90,000 dermatologists warn against self-diagnosis

                Any, even the most innocent rash can be a harbinger of a serious illness, say the doctors of the dermatovenerologic dispensary.For example, at least 600 patients are diagnosed with psoriasis in the region every year. And then there are fungal infections, warts and other “delights”. However, with age and experience, we all become our own doctors: the temperature has risen – this is the flu. Breaks the lower back – sciatica. Redness and itching appeared – no doubt, allergies. The sofa and the TV help us to confirm that we are right, and even suggest the “best” methods of treatment. However, this approach can be dangerous to humans. Why not self-medicate and what symptoms should convince us to urgently see a doctor? Specialists of the Regional Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary answered these questions to “Primorskaya Gazeta”.

                Caution, psoriasis
                The number of people with this chronic skin disease is constantly growing. The causes of the onset of the disease are not fully understood. Some doctors believe that the disease arises from the understated stress resistance of the population, others associate it with a deteriorating environment.
                According to Irina Ovchinnikova, head of the psoriasis center at the Regional Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary, the center annually registers about 600 new patients with psoriasis.In total, about three thousand patients with such a diagnosis are registered in the dispensary. About the same number of cases were recorded along the edge.

                – Often patients complain of an allergy to deodorant, but in fact it is a manifestation of psoriasis, which can occur in the armpits, in the groin folds, on the scalp – anywhere. It looks like a rash on the skin in the form of bright red plaques, covered with silvery gray scales. His patients may be confused with fungal infections.But if you turn to specialists in time, then psoriasis is diagnosed quite simply, – explains Irina Ovchinnikova.

                Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, if it first appeared, you need to understand that it cannot be cured, but with proper treatment, you can achieve long-term remissions, avoid exacerbations.
                – It is important to start treatment on time, – explains the head of the psoriasis center. – Thanks to modern methods, we control this disease, there is modern physiotherapy and balneotherapy in Chistovodnoye.We prescribe genetically engineered therapy to patients who are not suitable for traditional methods.

                By the way

                Psoriasis affects not only the skin, but also the nail plates and joints. It is the psoriasis of the nails that the diseased can confuse with a fungal infection. The patient self-medicates, uses antifungal drugs, and needs a completely different therapy.

                Warts fight
                Warts are not as harmless as they seem.This is a contagious disease. At risk are visitors to saunas and swimming pools. It must be remembered that you should not go barefoot in such places. And besides, you should definitely wash your feet after visiting such places and walking down the street in open shoes.

                Doctors warn that any wart is a reason to see a doctor. They must either be removed or treated.
                – There are plantar warts that appear on the feet and grow, as it were, inside the skin. They become inflamed, hurt so much that it hurts a person to walk.- Tells and. about. head of the mycological center Natalia Khrapkova. – Warts need to be treated and removed. We remove them with nitrogen and prescribe external antiviral treatment.

                All-season adversity
                The mycological center of the Regional Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary primarily deals with infectious skin diseases, mainly of fungal etiology. This is a well-known microsporia – popularly ringworm, which is transmitted from sick cats and dogs.

                By the way

                Basically, microsporia infection occurs in the summer-autumn period, when children spend a lot of time outdoors and communicate with animals uncontrollably. The peak incidence occurs in June, when street cats bring kittens en masse, the peak of diagnostics is in early September, when there are medical examinations in front of kindergarten and school.

                Another disease that lies in wait for us regardless of the season is scabies. And you can get it in the most unexpected places.For example, a sick person tried on some thing in a store, and you put it on next – there is a chance of getting infected. The way out is to follow the rules of hygiene and wash your hands first. Especially after visiting shops, swimming pool, transport. Water and soap are the main protection. Recall that the season of infectious skin diseases is the end of spring and summer.

                From love to sickness
                Doctors warn: venereal diseases, unlike any others, have no seasonality. The main problem is that these diseases are asymptomatic for a long time.

                – There are no complaints, no clinical manifestations – this is the main tendency of most infections when nothing bothers a person, says dermatovenerologist Veronika Ulzutueva. – Our attitude to life is such that everyone thinks: “This will not affect me.” Young people have casual sexual intercourse, sexual intercourse goes unprotected, and then it turns out that some kind of infection has appeared. This is shocking and surprising. And the fact that a person changed partners for five years and never used protection is in the order of things.

                The age of those infected with syphilis is from 18 to 70 years. According to Veronika Ulzutueva, there are frequent cases when the disease is detected at later stages – 5, 10, 15 years have passed since the moment of infection. The main route of transmission of syphilis is sexual, but household transmission is also possible: through dishes, bedding, hygiene items.

                By the way

                In 2018, 268 cases of syphilis infection were detected. This is the first time the diagnosis was made. The number of cases is increasing every year, although the disease is easily diagnosed with a blood test.But part of the population does not go to polyclinics for years.

                What should a person pay attention to in order not to grow the disease for 10-15 years, but to go to the hospital?
                – If there are discharge or rashes on the mucous membranes, on the body, on the genitals, you need to go to the doctor, – insists Veronika Ulzutueva. – And if syphilis is not treated, the internal organs are damaged: heart, joints, organs of vision, nervous system. There are many options for complications.
                Trichomoniasis, chlamydia, genital mycoplasma, HIV, hepatitis are also sexually transmitted infections.To protect yourself, you need a constant sexual partner, and not only permanent, but also proven, and sex is protected. The biggest mistake is self-medication.

                – One of the infections that gives clinical manifestations is gonorrhea. There is abundant discharge, there are no problems with diagnostics. But here is another point: in women, this infection is more difficult to identify, because they often mistake it for thrush or vaginal bacteriosis. They begin to self-medicate, – explains Veronika Ulzutueva.- They buy some kind of suppositories and instead of being adequately treated by a doctor, they drive the infection into a chronic state. That is, everyone who self-medicates needs to know that infections that could be easily cured at the initial stage become chronic.