Looks like a mosquito bite: Itchy bumps on skin like mosquito bites: What are they?
Itchy bumps on skin like mosquito bites: What are they?
Itchy bumps on the skin can cause discomfort, embarrassment, and confusion. Although the bumps may sometimes resemble mosquito bites, there are numerous possible causes other than bug bites.
Most people experience this symptom at some point. Itchy bumps can appear as a result of allergies, infections, insects, and, sometimes, nonidentified factors.
However, there is one general principle that the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology recommend people to follow when their skin itches: Do not scratch it.
Additional general self-care practices for itchy skin include:
- bathing frequently in lukewarm water
- using gentle, hypoallergenic soap
- limiting exposure to the sun
- applying cold compresses
- avoiding tight clothing in areas where itchy bumps appear
Understanding the different conditions that can cause itchy bumps on the skin can help people get appropriate treatment. Depending on the cause, treatment can range from avoiding certain foods to taking prescription medications.
Keep reading to learn more about some common causes of itchy bumps that look like mosquito bites and how to treat them.
The medical term for hives is urticaria, and it describes a condition that produces raised itchy areas on the skin. If a person notices bumps on the skin that resemble mosquito bites but has not had any exposure to mosquitos, the cause is probably acute urticaria. The term “acute” means that the condition does not last longer than 6 weeks.
Hives are very common, affecting about 20% of people at some point in their lives. Certain kinds of foods, such as peanuts, tree nuts, and seafood, cause hives in many people due to an allergic reaction. Latex, pollen, insects, various plants, and some medications, such as sulfa drugs or even aspirin, may also cause hives.
Hives cause characteristic red, purple, or skin colored itchy bumps that appear and disappear quickly anywhere on the body. These bumps typically turn white or disappear when a person presses them.
The treatment for hives depends on the severity and cause of the rash, but it includes avoiding known triggers. People who are extremely allergic to a trigger — for example, peanuts or certain insects — may need to carry an epinephrine auto-injector, such as an Epipen. This device can stop a potentially life threatening reaction if a person has accidental contact with a known allergen.
Anti-itching lotions and over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines can provide relief for mild symptoms, while more intense outbreaks may require stronger prescription versions of these drugs or corticosteroids.
Learn more about hives here.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), bed bug bites can resemble bites from other bugs, although they can take as long as 2 weeks to materialize.
People who notice itchy bumps on the skin that resemble mosquito bites should check for:
- other signs of bed bugs
- bed bugs themselves on a mattress or sheet
- dead bed bugs
- blood spots on a mattress or sheet
- the characteristic musty smell associated with bed bugs
If the bites appear in a straight line, they are likely to be due to bed bugs. However, bed bug bugs can also appear in more random formations.
Unless someone has a severe allergic reaction, experts recommend simple self-care practices to treat any bites. These include not scratching, applying OTC antiseptic ointments, and taking antihistamines.
Learn more about bed bugs here.
Contact dermatitis is essentially an allergic reaction that develops when a person’s skin comes into contact with something to which they are allergic, such as latex or certain metals or household products.
It can take 1–2 days for the reaction to develop and 2–3 weeks for symptoms to disappear. Contact dermatitis may hurt as much as it itches, and it may present with inflammation and blisters.
Self-care with cold compresses, calamine lotion, and soothing baths can help provide relief.
Prescription medication, such as antihistamines and cortisone, may be necessary if the reaction is severe.
Working with healthcare professionals can help people identify their triggers, which can be complicated.
According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, there are more than 3,700 substances known to cause contact allergies. Avoiding triggers is a key part of managing contact dermatitis, along with thoroughly washing the affected area with soap and water after exposure happens.
Learn more about contact dermatitis here.
The human itch mite is responsible for scabies. This mite digs its way through the top layer of the skin and lays eggs. Its tunnels can sometimes be visible on the surface of the skin, where they appear as raised, crooked, skin colored lines. However, the most common symptom of scabies is itchy bumps on the skin. These are like mosquito bites, only smaller.
Sites of the body that this very itchy condition commonly affects include the wrists, the elbows, between the fingers, and behind the knees.
Only a prescription lotion will treat scabies effectively, and individuals need to follow the application directions exactly. Anyone who has had extensive skin-to-skin contact with someone with scabies should also seek treatment.
It is very important that people with scabies thoroughly wash and dry all of their clothes, towels, sheets, bedding, and other household items. Other remedies for scabies may also help.
Learn more about scabies here.
Also known as atopic dermatitis, this common condition causes itchy, red, irritated skin that can sometimes develop bumps. In the long term, it can make the skin thicker, scaly, and flaky, as well as causing it to change color.
Scratching makes eczema worse and increases the risk of infection. Eczema occurs due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, which prompt the immune system to overreact to certain triggers, such as laundry soap or sweating. It typically affects the face, elbows, knees, scalp, and backs of the hands.
According to the National Eczema Association, treating eczema calls for a mix of self-care, OTC drugs, and prescription medications. People with eczema can identify and learn to manage or avoid triggers for their outbreaks.
Changing bathing practices and using moisturizer can also help. Prescription lotions, systemic medications, UVB light, and biologics can address more severe symptoms.
Learn more about the different types of eczema here.
Skin problems, such as itchy bumps on the skin similar to mosquito bites, can range from mild to severe.
Some issues, including bed bug bites, can be fleeting, while others, such as allergic reactions to certain foods, are signs of a permanent condition. However, most skin problems generally respond well to treatment.
If the symptoms do not improve with self-care practices, people should see a medical professional to determine what is causing the outbreak and how to treat it.
11 Common Bug Bite Pictures
That sinking feeling is all too recognizable: You notice an odd pinch, look down, and discover a new bug bite—sometimes instantly, but often only days later. It aches, relentlessly itches, or both, and you don’t have the slightest idea what critter could have caused it.
That’s because almost all bug bites look pretty similar, and many experts agree that it’s hard to ID the culprit unless you actually catch it in the act, because everyone’s immune system responds to bites and stings differently. If you experience any symptoms other than mild itchiness or pain, contact a doctor or seek immediate medical help to make sure you aren’t having a severe allergic reaction, suffering from an insect-borne disease, or experiencing an infection.
All that said, the area around the bite or sting site, where you were attacked, and other clues could reveal the identity of the offending insect—here are the most common ones to keep on your radar.
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What it looks like: The best way to ID a tick bite is to find one attached to you—and they can linger for three to six days as they feed on your blood. Some leave a red spot about the size of a dime, but not everyone exhibits this. Tick bites often occur on warmer parts of the body, like the hairline, armpits, behind the knees, and groin.
Symptoms to note: Tick bites are pretty painless and a bit itchy at first, but dangerous, with more serious symptoms appearing days to weeks after a bite. A bullseye rash (pictured here) signals Lyme disease, but other tick-borne illnesses include ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and tularemia, although the risk for each varies depending on the tick’s species.
Related: How to Remove a Tick Correctly
What it looks like: If you’ve got two tiny puncture marks on your skin (or see a spider crawling away), you are probably dealing with a spider bite. Redness and swelling at the site of the bite are also common. Thankfully, most spiders bite only when provoked.
Symptoms to note: Innocuous spider bites often cause mild pain (like a bee sting) and even itching. But watch out for brown recluses and black widows: The former can cause necrotic lesions, while the latter can bring on muscle spasms, tremors, and nausea. Seek medical help if you suspect a bite from either of these spiders.
Related: How to Treat a Spider Bite
What it looks like: Mosquito bites present as small, puffy, round bumps that are lighter or redder than the surrounding skin. Bites often center around ankles, hairlines, and the backs of knees and necks, and they’re likely to be isolated—not part of a cluster (unless you were hanging out in prime mosquito territory during dawn or dusk).
Symptoms to note: As you most likely know, mosquito bites are painless at first, then very, very itchy. Some people suffer from “skeeter syndrome,” which causes the bites to grow into painful, swollen welts. Mosquitoes do carry a risk of certain diseases like West Nile and Zika, so monitor for cold- or flu-like symptoms after a bite.
Related: How to Prevent Mosquito Bites All Summer
Bed bug bites
What they look like: Often confused with mosquito bites, bed bug bites are small, red, puffy bumps that appear in lines or clusters, usually three or more. They can have distinct red marks at their center, and they often appear on exposed skin that touches the bed at night, including the arms, neck, or trunk of the body. With close examination of your room, you can often the find the bugs (or their droppings) in your mattress, particularly around the corners, the head end, and the cord that encircles it.
Symptoms to note: Bed bug bites are not too painful, but can be very itchy and swollen. The parasites don’t spread diseases like ticks do, but they’re difficult to remove and won’t stop biting you until they’re eradicated from your home.
Related: How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
Head lice bites
What they look like: Another too-close-for-comfort pest are head lice, which leave patches of red, abraded spots on the scalp and surrounding skin (like this one pictured). Although their bites are small, the body’s reaction to them makes them grow. You might not even see the bites first—the initial giveaway might be tiny lice eggs (a. k.a. nits) first.
Symptoms to note: Lice bites are quite itchy, and an infestation can even feel like something is moving or tickling in the hair (which, to be honest, is what’s happening). This can actually cause trouble sleeping. Sores caused by scratching can also develop easily. The only solution is getting rid of the bugs ASAP.
Related: 7 Signs of Head Lice You Shouldn’t Ignore
What they look like: Like bed bug or lice bites, flea bites are red bumps that appear in lines and clusters. They’re distinctively small, and they often have reddish halos surrounding them. Fleas tend to bite around the ankles and in warm places like the knees, groin, and armpits—but honestly, they usually prefer your pets.
Symptoms to note: Flea bites are very itchy, and they might even become sore or painful, causing a rash around the affected skin. Scratching the bites could cause these symptoms to worsen or even lead to infection.
What it looks like: There are a few major fly species that bother people in the United States, including deer, horse, stable, and black flies. Bites vary by species and person, but they’re often raised, red bumps or welts. Some might even bleed. Blackfly bites also might swell. (Pictured here is a horse fly bite.)
Symptoms to note: More often than not, fly bites are going to hurt. After the pain subsides, some may also become itchy, but most fly bites are innocuous. In rare cases, deer flies can pass on the bacterial disease tularemia (which can cause a painful ulcer), and blackfly bites can lead to a flu-like condition called “blackfly fever.”
Related: How to Get Rid of Fruit Flies
Sand fly bites
What they look like: Sand fly bites are distinct from those of other flies. They can appear alone, but often present in groups of small, red bumps or blisters.
Symptoms to note: Sand fly bites are generally painful and may start to itch. In certain parts of the world—including the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe–they can transmit cutaneous leischmaniasis, a parasitic infection that causes skin lesions and ulcers.
What they look like: Also known as berry bugs or harvest mites, chiggers are those tiny, red mites that are almost invisible to the naked eye. Their bites take the form of flat, red patches or raised, red bumps, and they sometimes might even become blisters or pustules. Chiggers often bite the ankles, wrists, thighs, groin, and waist.
Symptoms to note: Contrary to popular belief, chiggers don’t burrow into your skin or suck blood—but that doesn’t make their bites any less itchy. The severe discomfort can last up to two weeks, but mites don’t spread disease, at least within the United States.
Related: How to Treat a Chigger Bite—and Get Rid of Berry Bugs for Good
Ant bites or stings
What they look like: Some ants can bite and sting. If you’re dealing with an aggressive one, it’s probably a fire ant, which are more common in the southern states. Fire ants, because they’re so lovely, will actually bite you so they can hold themselves against your body—and then proceed to sting you with their backend. The result can cause a pimple-like pustule, although some people don’t react at all.
Symptoms to note: Fire ant stings are very painful due to the potency of their venom, and since ants don’t lose their stingers when they attack, you’ll probably end up with multiple wounds. The inflammation and pain can take days or weeks to go away, and sometimes checking in with a doctor is needed.
Related: How to Get Rid of Ants
What it looks like: Bee stings vary from person to person. Some people exhibit only a small, light spot, while others get a larger, red welt. There also might be a white spot at the center where the sting occurred. In the case of a honey bee sting, the barbed stinger is often still attached—which will keep pumping venom into your body until you remove it.
Symptoms to note: Bee stings cause moderate pain, which should subside within a few hours. All insect stings can cause life-threatening allergic reactions, and bee stings are no exception. Monitor your symptoms after a sting and call 911 if you notice the signs of anaphylaxis, including swelling beyond the sting site, tightness in the chest or throat, or trouble breathing.
Related: How to Treat a Bee Sting
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Spider Bite Pictures – What Do Spider Bites Look Like?
It’s only natural to assume that you’d know when you’ve been bitten by a spider. After all, when you live through a huge fear, you’d think you’d be aware that your nightmare has just come true. Still, it’s 100 percent possible to notice a bite and have zero clue what kind of creepy insect it came from.
As a whole, spider bites don’t actually happen as much as people think. “Spiders get blamed for a lot of skin irritations that are not their fault,” explains Nancy Troyano, PhD, a board-certified medical entomologist with Ehrlich Pest Control.
That said, spider bites can and do happen. Some are completely harmless—causing just a bit of redness and swelling—and heal up after just a couple of days, while other venomous bites can cause serious complications, especially if you don’t see a doctor right away.
But how can you know for sure if that bite you’re dealing with is from a spider—and a dangerous one, at that? We tapped a doctor and entomologists for tips on what to look for and rounded up Instagram photos (all reviewed by an expert) to give you an idea of what spider bites could look like. Here’s how to identify them, and what you should do if you’re unlucky enough to receive a bite.
First, why do spiders bite?
Breathe a sigh of relief: Most types of spiders don’t actually go out of their way to bite humans. “Spiders bite humans as a defense mechanism, a last resort to protect themselves,” says Troyano. When spiders do bite, they do so to paralyze their prey—however, you’re not it.
That said, there can be situations where a common house spider (like a jumping spider or wolf spider) might mistake you for prey or feel like you’re threatening them, even if you’re not trying to take them on. Maybe you put your hand in an old baseball glove where a spider took up residence or you happen to accidentally prop up your feet right near where they were hanging out. Whatever it is, an innocent move to you could seem like a threatening one to a spider, causing them to bite.
There is a possible exception, though: Yellow sac spiders—yellowish or pale beige spiders that like to build tent-like silk structures—are reported to be “recreational biters” meaning, “they bite us just for the fun of it,” says Howard Russell, MS, an entomologist at Michigan State University.
What does a spider bite look like? Are there typical symptoms?
If you’re bitten and see a spider scurrying away, the odds are pretty high that it was the culprit. If you’re not sure where your bite came from, it might be trickier to pin down. “With a few exceptions, it is very hard, even for medical professionals, to positively identify a bite or skin irritation as a spider bite.” Troyano says, and the fact is true for many insect bites. However, there are a few signs that it could be from a spider:
✔️Two tiny holes: Spiders have two fangs, so you might see two tiny holes in the center of the bite, Russell says.
✔️Redness and swelling: When a spider bites, foreign proteins from its saliva are injected into your skin, Troyano explains. That can cause a localized reaction that’s similar to what might happen with if you were bitten by a mosquito or stung by a bee. You might have swelling bite, redness, or irritation around the bite site.
✔️Mild pain: As for what it feels like, Troyano says most people compare it to how you’d feel when you’re stung by a bee—so, not fun.
✔️Possible itching: This symptom depends on how you personally react to an insect bite, but some spider bites can cause the release of the compound histamine in your body, and that can cause itching, says Nick Kman, MD, an emergency medicine physician at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.
In the U.S., there are two types of spider bites that can cause more severe reactions: the brown recluse and black widow.
Brown recluse spider bites
The brown recluse—also known as the fiddleback or violin spider—has a distinct violin-shaped marking that starts at the top of its head and goes down its back. It’s also identified by its six eyes instead of the typical eight. It likes to hide in homes—preferably in dark, undisturbed areas like closets, shoes, or basements—and sheds, most commonly in the Midwest and southern states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The brown recluse cannot bite a human without “some form of counter pressure,” per the CDC—say, you slip your foot into a shoe and trap it. However, its bite can be extremely painful should you be unlucky enough to get one. “In the case of 90 percent of brown recluse bites, reactions are not severe, but they can be,” Troyano says. “If the spider’s bite includes a large enough dose of hemotoxic venom, it can cause necrotic wounds or lesions that can take months to heal or require surgical repair.” This can appear as a white blister or discolored ulcer and cause other system-wide symptoms like muscle aches and a fever.
Reactions to a brown recluse spider bite can also vary based on the health and age of the person who is bitten, Troyano says. For an elderly or diabetic person who may be immunocompromised, healing from a bite may be more difficult than for someone with a healthier immune system
Black widow spider bites
Identifying a black widow is easy: It has a shiny, jet black exterior with a bright-red, hourglass-shaped marking on the underside of its abdomen. Unfortunately, black widow spiders do like to hang out in homes, particularly in the southern and western parts of the U.S.
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You can typically find them in garages or workplaces with lots of debris. Black widows tend to build webs where there are lots of corners, edges, or tall grass—and accidentally stumbling through one of these is when a bite is most likely.
Black widow bites are also rare “but can be extremely dangerous, even deadly,” Troyano says. If you’re bitten by a black widow, you’ll notice two distinct puncture marks and might feel burning, redness, and swelling at the bite site—and this can eventually spread to other parts of your body, the CDC says. Unlike other spider bites, the black widow’s bite injects neurotoxic venom, which can cause muscle spasms, nausea, vomiting, sweating, tremors, and weakness.
If you head to the ER immediately, you should be okay. “There are approximately 2,200 bites reported each year, but there has not been a death related to a widow spider in the U.S. since 1983,” says Marc Potzler, a board-certified entomologist and technical services manager with Ehrlich Pest Control.
So, how long do spider bites last?
If you’re bitten by a generally harmless spider for some reason, the reaction will be “fairly immediate and happen within the first 24 hours,” Troyano says. “Most will go away just after a couple of days.” However, the healing process can become longer if the bite area becomes infected (often signaled by excessive swelling, pain, and feeling hot to the touch).
In the case of brown recluse or black widow bite, it may take weeks to properly heal, depending on the severity of the reaction or if an infection ensues.
How to treat a spider bite
Russell says that most spider bites don’t require anything more than you’d do for a mosquito bite or bee sting, like washing the wound and using hydrocortisone cream. You can also apply ice to the bite itself to minimize any swelling. And, if you find that your bite is itchy, Dr. Kman recommends taking an antihistamine like Benadryl or Zyrtec.
But if you suspect you’ve been bitten by a brown recluse or black widow, you don’t want to take it lightly. If you notice any of the following symptoms, you’ll want to seek medical attention ASAP, as they can also be signs of infection:
- The bite spot is hot to the touch.
- The bite spot becomes a wound or lesion.
- You develop a fever.
- You have signs of anaphylaxis (difficulty breathing, swelling of tongue or airways, dizziness, loss of consciousness).
- You have moderate to excessive swelling.
- You have any neurological symptoms, like muscle spasms, nausea, vomiting, sweating, tremors, or weakness.
If you actually saw the spider that bit you, Troyano recommends trying to capture it and putting it in a plastic bag so you can show your doctor if you end up needing to see one.
Again, spider bites aren’t super common. If you have a mysterious bite that shows up on your body and you’re not sure where it came from, the odds are much higher that a mosquito or similar insect is to blame.
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How to Tell the Difference Between Bed Bug & Mosquito Bites
In addition to skin reactions to bites, the primary ways to differentiate bed bug bites and mosquito bites include the differences in bite location on the body, the pattern of bites on the body and the estimated time when a bite occurred.
GENERAL SYMPTOMS OF BITES
Mosquito Bites: Usually appears as puffy white and reddish bumps that begin a few minutes after the bite and become a reddish-brown bump a day or so after the bite. In some instances a host may have small blisters and dark spots that look like bruises in extreme cases.
Bed Bug Bites: Symptoms are variable and may result in no visible symptoms at first. However, symptoms of reddish bumps on skin, inflammation and red blotches that can become areas of raised, itchy bumps that eventually cause a burning sensation.
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Sensitivity to Bites:
- Mosquito Bites: Generally, sensitivity to mosquito bites tends to decrease as the number of times someone is bitten increases. This may partially explain why children are usually more sensitive to mosquito bites than adults.
- Bed Bug Bites: Generally, the opposite relationship to number of bites and sensitivity occurs with bed bug bites. Often someone who is bitten by a bed bug doesn’t even realize the bug has fed, but as the number times they are bitten increases, the sensitivity to those bites also increases.
- Mosquito Bite Symptoms: Moderately painful, very irritating, itchy and leave round, red or pink mark on the skin. Mosquito bites may occur anytime during the day, at dusk or at night.
- Bed Bug Bite Symptoms: Usually are generally unnoticed and can be almost painless at the time of the bite. In fact, much of the time a person does not even realize they were bitten unless they notice the bite welts.
- Time to Heal: Mosquito bites usually clear up and “heal” much quicker than bed bug bites, which may persist for a few days or even longer.
- Mosquito bites are generally distributed in a random manner over parts of the body that are not protected by clothing (legs, face, back neck, etc.).
- Bed bug bites are more clustered and often occur in a distinct bite pattern that can be described as being multiple and arranged in a linear or circular fashion. Common locations include the neck, face, back, chest, arms, legs and around the crotch.
Signs & Characteristics
- In many instances a bed bug is unable to digest all of the blood meal it takes from a host, so it may actually excrete a portion of that blood meal onto the sheets the host is sleeping on. Therefore, if you see small, round bloodstains on your sheets, chances are good that a bed bug feed on you during the night.
- Hosts for both mosquitoes and bed bugs vary in attractiveness to the insects, which points out that both of these insects may bite one person and almost completely ignore someone else who is nearby. This behavior is very important to recognize since bed bugs are known to bite one person who is asleep and not bite another person who is asleep nearby.
LIFE CYCLE DIFFERENCE
Mosquitoes develop by complete metamorphosis, which means they go through four stages in their developmental cycle that is entirely different – egg, larvae, pupae and adults. Only the female mosquito adult bites and feeds on blood.
- Bed bugs develop by incomplete metamorphosis, which means they go through only three life stages – egg, nymphs and adults – and both the male and female nymphs and adults feed on blood.
DISEASE TRANSMISSION POTENTIAL
- Mosquitoes are known transmitters of many diseases that affect people or animals.
- Bed bugs are not proven transmitters of any known diseases to people or animals.
- If someone continues to scratch either mosquito or bed bug bites and does not keep the bite clean and medicated, there is a risk of a secondary infection.
Should either mosquitoes or bed bugs become a pest issue, the best course of action is to contact your pest management professional. It is important to request an inspection, plus an integrated management plan that includes science-based information, recommendations, products and methods to be used.
Hives (Urticaria): Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Hives, also called urticaria (yer ti CARE ee uh), are red, itchy, raised bumps or welts on the skin. They may be small, like mosquito bites, or many inches wide. Hives can appear alone, in a group or can connect with each other to cover bigger areas. When pressed, the center of the hive turns pale. They can be made worse by scratching.
Hives often appear suddenly on any part of the body. They may appear in one place, go away in a few hours and then come back in another place. In severe cases, hives may come and go for several weeks. For most people, they are not serious.
About 1 out of every 5 people has hives at some time in his or her life.
Causes of Hives
Hives are the body’s response to an irritation (Picture 1). The cause (trigger) may be non-allergic or allergic.
Non-allergic hives are the most common type. Usually, their exact cause is unknown. Some causes of non-allergic hives are:
- Viruses and infections
- Temperature extremes – hot and cold
- Sunlight – sunlamps or direct sunlight
- Pressure – skin that is rubbed very hard or scratched or clothes are too tight-fitting
- Emotional stress
Allergic hives have a known cause, but are less common. Some causes of allergic hives are:
When to Get Emergency Help
If your child has trouble breathing, swallowing or talking, nausea or vomiting, or swelling of the mouth or lips, get emergency treatment immediately. These are early symptoms
of anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening. Call 9-1-1 or take your child to the nearest emergency department.
Treatment of Hives
The goal of treatment is to control the itching and avoid things that may trigger hives to get worse or come back.
For mild hives:
- Give an over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine. Your child’s health provider can recommend which one to use and how much to give.
- Take a cool bath, shower or apply a cool compress. Wet a washcloth or towel with
cold water, wring it out and place it on the child’s hives.
- Distract your child from itching by playing a game, singing a song or reading (Picture 2).
For more severe hives:
- Your child’s health provider may prescribe an antihistamine or a steroid (such as prednisone), or give your child an injection of epinephrine.
- If your child’s health provider is concerned about a severe form of allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), a prescription for an EpiPen® (epinephrine auto-injector) is usually given. The EpiPen® should be used right away and as directed if symptoms of anaphylaxis occur. There is no way to know when a trigger will cause a severe reaction, so it is important the EpiPen® is always available. Once an EpiPen® is used, call 9-1-1 or take your child to the nearest emergency department.
To stop hives from getting worse:
- Avoid scratching or rubbing the skin.
- Dress your child in loose-fitting clothes to relieve hives caused by pressure.
- Do not use harsh soaps on the skin and for washing clothes.
- If your child is sensitive to cold, have him or her wear warm clothes and avoid contact with cold water.
- If your child is sensitive to the sun, be sure he or she uses sunblock and wears long sleeves and pants.
- Everyone should wash hands after touching pets.
Although hives can be frustrating, they are usually not life-threatening. It is important to stay calm so your child does not become more anxious and uncomfortable.
If your child develops hives often, keep a record of events that happen just before they break out. This will help your child’s doctor find the cause and make a plan to keep them from coming back.
- Stay away from things you know can trigger your child to get hives. A more severe reaction may occur the next time.
- Avoid foods and medicines that have triggered hives in the past. Read labels carefully.
When to Call the Doctor
Call your child’s doctor if:
- The prescribed antihistamine medicine does not relieve the itching.
- The hives or itching becomes worse or new symptoms develop.
- Your child develops hives after being stung by an insect or after taking a new medicine or eating a certain food. He may need an EpiPen® to treat a more serious reaction next time.
HH-I-82 11/89, Revised 11/17, Nationwide Children’s Hospital
Itchy Bumps That Look Like Mosquito Bites But Aren’t
- Written By Dan Edwards on September 8, 2018
Last Updated: December 10, 2020
We’re all familiar with mosquito bites, but are there other insects that can create similar effects and discomfort?
There are many insects that bite. Some do it to feed while others will only choose to do so when feeling threatened. One thing they have in common, though, is that they usually leave an annoying, itchy mark.
Let’s take a look at some other insects that can leave irritating bites.
What Other Insects Can Cause Itchy Bumps on the Skin?
Unfortunately for us, many insects like the taste of our blood. This means, that during the warmer months of the year in particular, we might experience many bites, along with the subsequent discomfort. The following insects are all guilty of leaving us marked in a similar way mosquitoes do.
Bed bugs are very small insects. They have an oval, flat shape and are no bigger than 0.25 inches long. Bed bugs are a reddish-brown color, and their abdomen usually expands somewhat after feeding. These little critters can’t fly so they are entirely dependent on the movement of their host to get around.
CC Image courtesy of British Pest Control Association
Don’t let their cute name fool you, bed bugs don’t just like to live in your mattress. They can also be found on other furniture, such as couches, and in places like thick carpets.
Once you’re asleep, or not noticing, bed bugs will come out and bite. Like mosquitoes, bed bugs feed on blood from humans and animals. They leave red, itchy bumps that can be quite uncomfortable.
Most people don’t even realize they have bed bugs. Since they bite while you’re sleeping, you’re left with a few questions the next morning as to what bit you—and why it’s so itchy.
What Do Bed Bug Bites Look Like?
Bed bug bites are similar to mosquito bites. They are red and about the same size of a medium-sized mosquito bite. The tell-tale sign that usually gives bed bugs away is the pattern of the bites.
Bed bugs often bite as they move around, feeding a little from each site. You might wake up with something akin to lines running all over your back. You may also notice dark spots on your bedding or furniture, these are the bugs’ droppings.
Some people may not experience any side effects from bed bugs while others are not so lucky. People with severe reactions can find themselves with rashes, blisters or hives. The bites could also darken in color and become more swollen.
Bites usually occur on exposed skin, typically the arms, legs, face, and neck. Although, the back is also easily exposed, especially if you sleep wearing loose clothing.
The effects of bed bug bites don’t always appear immediately. In fact, it can take several days before you see or feel any effects. Some people, however, might experience an immediate burning sensation around the bite site.
Bed bugs aren’t all bad though. They don’t spread disease, and they’re kind enough to inject a small amount of anesthesia into each bite so we won’t feel it.
Fleas are tiny, persistent, annoying insects. People often associate fleas solely with pet owners, but that’s not always the case.
These pesky pests can also live host-free in your yard. Often, they will make their way into your home with the help of neighboring pets or wild animals, such as foxes.
Fleas reproduce extremely fast and lay a lot of eggs in one go. These eggs then stay protected until triggered by the presence of a host. There have often been cases of people moving into a new home, to quickly end up with an infestation of unwanted fleas.
Tiny, and almost impossible to see with the naked eye, fleas are remarkable jumpers and move very quickly. For this reason, it can be hard to know when they are present in our homes and on our pets, until they bite.
A good thing about fleas is that they don’t like human blood. They prefer our furry family members. However, that doesn’t stop them from trying. Occasionally, they will jump on to us for a quick taste. Because they can’t live on humans, though, they leave just as swiftly.
What Do Flea Bites Look Like?
Flea bites are relatively easy to recognize, and are usually visibly different to mosquito bites. They appear as small, red bumps with a type of ring, or halo, around the center. Unlike mosquito bites, flea bites are generally uniform in size and they aren’t usually very big.
Like bed bugs, fleas also often leave bites in a pattern. Usually, these bites are in small groups of three or four. They can also occur in a straight line.
Flea bites often show up around the lower legs, ankles, and feet. This is because fleas jump to us from their favorite hosts, our pets, which often stand at around that height. Fleas sometimes hide in carpets or rugs too, so your ankles and feet are within reach as you walk past. If you lie down on the rug, they can bite you almost any place.
Flea Bites Around The Ankle
Flea bites can be quite painful. The area surrounding the bite becomes red and sore and you may experience a burning sensation. Some people will even develop a rash around the bite site.
Fleas aren’t dangerous to humans, but they do pose a risk to your pets. Fleas may also carry diseases. Young pets, such as kittens, can experience anemia and severe blood loss if too many fleas are living on them.
There are more than 120,000 species of fly in the world. Some of these bite, while others don’t. The sand fly is one of the most common biting flies that inhabit the southern states of America.
In many ways, sand flies are quite similar to mosquitoes. For example, sand flies like warm, humid environments and their favorite breeding ground is a place with lots of moisture, such as moss.
Another thing that sand flies and mosquitoes have in common is the fact that the adults feed on nectar and plant sap. Only adult females feed on blood from a host.
What Do Sand Fly Bites Look Like?
Sand fly bites are red and can be very painful. Blisters may also be present around the bite area. If bites, or the resulting blisters, become infected, this can cause severe inflammation and result in dermatitis.
Unfortunately, these flies also carry diseases, including leishmaniasis, which can pass to humans. This disease is not as common in the United States as it is in some other parts of the world. Most people who contract the disease get it while traveling overseas.
While there is no vaccination available, it may not be completely necessary; leishmaniasis is not a life-threatening disease. The condition will cause skin sores or rashes that can last for weeks, or even months. These unsightly and annoying skin sores will usually clear up on their own, however.
Their name might make them sound like a peaceful bug, but these larvae are no fun at all. Chiggers are from the arachnid family, they resemble ticks, but have a bright red color. Chiggers are also known as red bugs or red mites.
Chigger habitats include tall grasses, forests, berry patches, and lake areas. They love warm summers but can also be found during the spring and fall if the temperature is still warm.
As the temperature drops below 60 degrees, chiggers will become sluggish and inactive. When winter approaches and the temperature reaches 42 degrees and below, they will die.
Unlike other biting insects, chiggers don’t feed on blood. They prefer bodily fluids. Their bite contains an enzyme which breaks down skin cells and creates a liquid. The host’s affected skin cells will then harden, creating a sort of tube or straw which the bug will feed from.
Chigger larvae act like ticks in that they will attach themselves to a host and feed for up to four days at a time.
What Do Chigger Bites Look Like?
People who have been bitten by chiggers are left with a bright red bump. The bumps will continue to grow even after the chigger, or more likely, chiggers, have departed.
Victims of chiggers don’t usually feel the bite or latching on of these critters. Some people don’t even notice they have been a host until the pests have gone.
It is only the larvae which bite humans. These tiny larvae are no bigger than 0.007 inches long. They are usually found hanging on to tall grass or vegetation. From there, they jump to any victim who happens to walk by.
Chiggers have claws to help them grab on to the host. They like to stay in moist areas of the body, such as the armpits, behind the knees, groins, and underneath skin folds.
The most common symptom is itching, and lots of it. People have reported feeling an immense desire to scratch the affected area. An unfortunate place chiggers like to attach themselves to is the groin area of men. A bite here can cause unpleasant side effects, such as extreme itchiness and even painful urination.
Many insects and bugs will bite humans. Some will cause a great deal of discomfort and even pain, others you won’t notice until after you’ve been bitten. Nevertheless, it’s crucial to not give in to the temptation to scratch.
Scratching can cause further inflammation and could even leave you with scars. The best thing to do after a suspected insect bite is to wash the area with cold water and soap. Applying something cold should also help ease any discomfort.
Giant Mosquitoes or Mosquito Killers?
Do you have “giant” mosquitoes flying around your home? Are you getting “swarms” stuck to your window or door? These insects may not be mosquitoes. There are many insects in LA County that emerge at the same time as mosquitoes and some of them are harmless. Here are a few insects that are commonly mistaken for mosquitoes and the good news is that nearly all of the “mosquito imposters” have very short life spans. Give them time and they’ll be gone.
Crane Fly: Is it a GIANT Mosquito or is it a Mosquito Killer?
Crane flies are long-legged insects and are much larger than a mosquito. They’re commonly referred to as “mosquito killers” or “mosquito hawks” but these harmless insects don’t feed on mosquitoes or humans but on nectar. That’s right – CRANE FLIES DON’T BITE. Crane flies develop in moist soil or water and mostly emerge in early spring to fall, especially during warm weather after a rain event.
Midges – Swarm but don’t bite!
These small insects are often confused as mosquitoes but a KEY difference is that MIDGES don’t bite. Although they’re similar in size to a mosquito, midges are found swarming in areas with mud on bottoms of lakes, ponds, spreading basins, and flood control channels. While midges don’t bite, they are considered a nuisance and create issues in communities near rivers, especially from spring to fall. Learn more about our district’s efforts to deal with midges here.
Unlike midges, mosquitoes in Los Angeles County DO NOT SWARM!
Fungus gnats are about the same size of a mosquito and range between 1/8 to 3/8 of an inch. Unlike the mosquito, fungus gnats DO NOT BITE but are known to swarm. These small insects become a problem from winter to spring and develop in fungus or moist decaying vegetation.
90,000 What does a mosquito bite look like? Red spots (rash) on the body similar to mosquito bites
The bite of a blood-sucking person causes discomfort – itching, swelling, redness, swelling. However, allergic skin reactions often look like a mosquito bite and have similar symptoms. Therefore, quite often the consequences of an insect attack are confused with allergies.
How to distinguish
A mosquito bite-like rash on the body may have a completely different origin. Spots after bites can vary in appearance, however, for the most part, they are points of small diameter, with a zone of redness around them.Skin allergies are often suspected. Traces of mosquito bites can be recognized by the following signs:
- In most cases, bites can be found on exposed areas of the body. Insects rarely get under clothes, as this is dangerous for them.
- A pronounced rounded inflammation zone indicates an insect bite. Irritation and swelling often occur in this area.
- Mosquito bite spots quickly take their final appearance and do not change over time.
- Multiple lesions after walking or in the morning after sleeping indicate an insect attack.
Red spots on the body, similar to mosquito bites, can be confused with an allergic reaction to an irritant. Allergy has certain characteristics:
- The rash spreads to all parts of the body, even covered by clothing.
- The foci of the rash merge with each other, do not have a pronounced shape, and can quickly change their appearance.
- Antihistamines relieve or relieve symptoms.
There is also an allergy to mosquito bites, which occurs due to the fact that the body reacts to proteins and anticoagulants in insect saliva and tries to destroy them. This is a fairly common phenomenon. Mosquito allergies can show the following symptoms:
- A single bite can cause a widespread rash over a large area of skin.
- Often, the victim develops itching from mosquito bites, pronounced swelling of the affected area.
- Runny nose, watery eyes and pain in the eyes after a bite indicate an allergy to mosquitoes.
- Fever and chills are also symptoms of mosquito bite allergy.
In any case, if you experience suspicious symptoms and feel unwell, do not delay your visit to the doctor. Only a specialist who knows what a mosquito bite looks like can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment, excluding other allergens.
90,000 When rashes and itches, or What is urticaria
When rashes and itches, or What is urticaria
- 18.04.2018 11:48
Urticaria is an acute allergic reaction of the body to an irritant, which is characterized by the appearance of itchy blisters on the body.
Neither an insect bite nor a nettle burn (thanks to which, by the way, urticaria got its name – for the similarity in the manifestation of the reaction) have nothing to do with an allergic disease. If a blister occurs only at the site of a bite or contact with a plant, this is a local toxic skin reaction to an irritant. It goes away rather quickly by itself or with the help of local therapy (soda lotions or antiallergic ointments).
Acute urticaria, on the other hand, is characterized by a generalized reaction, i.e. after contact with an allergen, itchy blisters appear all over the body.
There are 2 main features that characterize acute urticaria:
- As a rule, elements of urticaria appear on the skin in the first 15-20 minutes after contact with an allergen. But in some cases, the reaction can come instantly and lead to anaphylactic shock. Fortunately, such cases are extremely rare. Sometimes the rash does not appear generalized (not all over the body), but locally.The typical localization of blisters is the trunk, face, less often arms, legs. In some cases, mucous membranes also “get”: watery blisters appear on the lips, tongue, soft palate and larynx. The rashes are grouped together and are prone to merging. There is a concept as “giant urticaria”: against the background of acute urticaria, a person has edema of the eyelids, lips, tongue, larynx. This reaction has another, more familiar name in everyday life – Quincke’s edema.
- Along with blisters, itching is a key hallmark of urticaria.It can be so intolerable that it literally deprives a person of peace. Even if an acute attack of urticaria quickly passes or is successfully removed with medications and not a trace remains of the blisters, deep combs remind of the shock experienced for a long time.
Since urticaria is an allergic reaction, anything can provoke it. But in the vast majority of cases, the 3 most common irritants are the cause.
The largest group of allergic provocateurs.The most allergenic effect among food products are: milk, eggs, nuts, tomatoes, smoked meats, seafood, chocolate, legumes, citrus fruits.
Approximately every 5th victim of acute urticaria suffers from this group of provoking factors. Among them there is also a rating of leaders: antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen), iodine contrast agents (i.e. preparations containing iodine), vitamins (especially group B).
The greatest threat in the development of an allergic reaction is posed by the venom of bees, wasps and hornets. Against their background, mosquitoes are the most harmless insects. A mosquito bite in extremely rare cases leads to hives.
If an attack of acute urticaria has not passed you, the most important rule is: do not panic! In the overwhelming majority of cases, time suffers to wait for the arrival of the ambulance team or to get to the nearest clinic or hospital yourself and get adequate help.
To reduce discomfort, before visiting a doctor, you can and should use the rules of first aid for urticaria: take an antihistamine.
If the required tablet was not at hand, then in case of food allergies, you need to take activated carbon at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight, drink as much liquid as possible (preference for clean drinking water). When an insect bites, cool the bite site (apply ice) to reduce the absorption of the allergen, apply a tourniquet above the bite site, loosening it a little every 5 minutes.
In case of an allergic reaction after taking a medicine by mouth, immediately call an ambulance. Try to induce vomiting.
Do not hesitate if urticaria manifests itself in the face area, symptoms from the respiratory system begin to appear: cough, shortness of breath, hoarseness. These symptoms are a reason for an urgent call for an ambulance team.
Whatever the course of the allergy, you must definitely seek medical help.
90,000 Dirofilariasis in humans: what are the consequences of a mosquito bite.
Dirofilariasis in humans: what are the consequences of a mosquito bite.
Dirofilariasis is a disease caused by the parasitization of the nematode Dirofilaria repens in the subcutaneous tissue of various parts of the body, mucous membranes and conjunctiva of the organ of vision, in the genitals (scrotum, testicle, etc.), mammary glands, internal membranes of tissues and organs of the human abdominal cavity. This is tissue helminthiasis, characterized by slow development and long-term chronic course.
Human infection is transmitted through the bites of blood-sucking mosquitoes of the genera Aedes, Culex and Anopheles.
The source of mosquito infection are infested domestic dogs, as well as cats, less often wild carnivores (wolves, foxes, etc.).
Transmission of the invasion to humans is carried out by a mosquito infected with invasive dirofilaria larvae.
Dirofilariasis is common among residents of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Georgia, Armenia, Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.
In the Russian Federation, the risk zone of transmission of the invasion includes 11 subjects where dirofilariasis was registered (Krasnodar, Stavropol Territories, the Republic of Crimea, Khakassia, the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Ingushetia).Like other diseases of this kind, it is most recorded in hot countries: in Africa, India, Vietnam, etc.
In 2015, 129 cases of dirofilariasis were registered in the territory of the Russian Federation in 37 subjects against 169 cases in 2014 in 42 subjects. The largest number of cases of dirofilariasis was registered in Moscow (16 cases), Belgorod Region (9 cases), and the Republic of Crimea (8 cases).
Infection. Dirofilariasis in humans develops after the bite of a mosquito-carrier of dirofilaria larvae. The incubation period ranges from 1 month to several years and depends on the state of the body’s immune system and the rate of development of the parasite.Naturally, not all people will guess to associate the mysterious manifestations with a mosquito bite a month ago.
Symptoms. Symptoms begin with a small lump in the area of the bite. It grows and develops as a larva, reliably hidden under the skin.
The main feature of this parasite is considered to be its ability to migrate. So, in 24 hours, the larva can cover a distance of up to 30 centimeters. Due to these “travels”, the location of the seal is constantly changing: for example, yesterday it was on the shoulder, and today it has shifted closer to the elbow.In this case, dirofilariasis in humans, as a rule, is not accompanied by pain. However, many patients complain that something is crawling under their skin. In medicine, there are cases when therapists, unfamiliar with this disease, sent the unfortunate for a consultation with a psychiatrist. In addition, a parasite nesting under the skin is often mistaken for a neoplasm, lipoma, or cyst. Dirofilaria is often detected already during surgery.
Dirofilariasis of the eyes is the most common and visible form of the disease.In 50% of cases of heartworm disease, the parasite is localized under the skin of the eyelids, under the conjunctiva and mucous membrane, and sometimes in the eyeball.
Treatment. The only way to get rid of the larva is to surgically remove it. If the worm is not removed in time, an abscess may develop at the site of its localization. It should be emphasized that the use of antihelminthic drugs will not give any result.
Measures for the prevention of dirofilariasis.
• There is no specific prophylaxis.
• Prevention of contact with mosquitoes (use special sprays – repellents, preferably long-acting, from insects and try to bare the skin as much as possible when outdoors).
• Keep mosquitoes out of closed rooms (install mosquito nets, use fumigators in rooms).
In case of “suspicious” bites, increased itching, uncharacteristic pain sensations, the appearance of a seal, you should immediately consult a doctor – the sooner the parasite is identified and removed, the less harm it will have time to cause with its unwanted neighborhood.
The mosquito season has begun. And if you
have not yet felt the intrusive attention of little bloodsuckers in their own
apartment, then, being in nature, you will definitely encounter them. To such
meeting, it will not hurt to prepare, especially if there are atypical reactions to
mosquito bites. In addition to the usual allergy to an insect bite (itching, swelling,
redness), symptoms of general malaise may appear, pain at the site of the bite,
unpleasant and alarming “movement” under the skin.It may not be that
other than dirofilariasis .
Dirofilariasis is more common in areas with warm and humid climates:
southern Europe, the Balkan countries, Turkey, Africa, India. In Russia, dirofilariasis was recorded in the southern
regions: in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, the republics of the North
Caucasus, Astrakhan, Volgograd, Rostov, Lipetsk, Voronezh
regions, as well as Primorsky and Khabarovsk territories. In recent years
the parasite spread in
more northern regions of Russia.Every year in Belarus
revealed 3-7 cases of dirofilariasis. The most common disease occurs in
a rare type of helminthiasis, in which the parasite invades the skin and migrates along
body. For a given disease
characterized by slow development and a long chronic course, accompanied by
complications in the heart, liver and kidneys.
Causative agent – immature nematode
Dirofilaria repens (roundworm). The parasite has a filamentous body
light yellow in color, tapering towards both ends, their larvae, called dirofilariae,
have a length of 0.22-0.30 mm. Length of an adult female –
17–20 cm, width – 0.3–0.7 cm. Males are slightly smaller – 7 cm and 0.45 cm, respectively.
The carriers of microfilariae are
mosquitoes of various types incl. and mosquitoes that live year-round in warm and
basements of apartment buildings. They fly over the ventilation
systems in apartments and feed on humans and pets.In this way,
if there is a sick dog or cat in a city apartment, transmission of invasion
can be carried out from them to person.
infestations for humans are dogs. The disease also occurs in
foxes, ferrets, cats. Infection of dogs and other carnivores occurs in
the process of feeding on them mosquitoes invaded by dirofilaria larvae. AT
within 3 months, the larvae develop in the subcutaneous fat and connective
animal tissues shed twice and penetrate into the bloodstream.By the circulatory
system, the larvae migrate to the heart and pulmonary artery, where after 3-4 months
reach sexual maturity and become capable of producing larvae. Female
dirofilaria every day gives birth to up to 30,000 larvae. Microfilariae,
circulating in the blood of invasive animals are non-invasive and not
pose an immediate danger to other animals or humans.
development, these parasites must enter the body of the mosquito.The period of development of the larva in a mosquito to the invasive stage is about 17 days.
A person becomes infected as a result of the bite of a mosquito that carries
in itself the larvae of dirofilariae. Infection
people, as a rule, occurs during agricultural work or rest on
nature, where there are affected animals and mosquito colonies. Often
this happens during the period of insect activity (May-September). Increasing the number
identified invasions in humans in recent years due to the growth of stray
animals, their mass migration between settlements, the process
urbanization, climate warming. All of these factors contribute to the transmission
parasite from wild animals to pets and humans.
Usually one parasite in the human body
In rare cases, 2-3 helminths parasitize a person,
which, apparently, is associated with repeated cases of infection.
the female helminth grows into an adult, but the “kids” – dirofilaria –
does not give birth, therefore this disease is from a person
it is not transmitted to humans. Once in the body, the parasite reaches
the largest size after six months and is located under the skin (mucous
shell), where a capsule of connective tissue forms around it.AT
further, the female gradually dies and collapses. The parasite is very
active: moves in the body at a speed of 10–30 cm per day. Clinical
the moment of infection before the manifestation of the main typical clinical symptom (movement of the pathogen, or
seals with it) passes from 1 month
up to several years.
Dirofilariasis makes itself felt by migration through the body
a small dense formation appears at the site of the mosquito bite for several days,
which may be accompanied by itching.Then it gradually increases,
reaching a diameter of up to four centimeters. There is slight redness and
swelling of the skin over it, increased itching and pain. With the development of inflammation, the nodule
softens, suppurates, an abscess may form, on top of which
a hole appears from which the end of the worm protrudes.
When the parasite moves to the old place of its stay,
no traces remain, and a seal appears in the new area. Symptoms of general intoxication appear: weakness, malaise,
headache, nausea, fever.An important symptom – on palpation, migrating
the nodule is very mobile. Such a nodule persists for 2-3 months and periodically
disappears. All these sensations are present as long as there is no
a capsule will form.
Cases of localization of dirofilarial nodules in the area
head, neck, abdomen, popliteal region, thigh and other places.
Almost half of the cases of dirofilariasis involve
in the pathological process of the organs of vision.
Eye involvement may be the only manifestation of the disease.
Helminths are localized and migrate in the subcutaneous tissue of the eyelid or under
conjunctiva. A node (granuloma) forms around the helminth, and edema develops.
When the helminth is localized in the subcutaneous tissue of the eyelids, a limited
tumor-like swelling, usually with mild inflammatory
phenomena. The presence of the parasite under the conjunctiva causes the phenomenon
conjunctivitis. The disease can lead to severe conjunctival hyperemia,
significant lacrimation.With the development of granulomas in the orbit, pain is noted,
edema, erythema, exophthalmos, diplopia. Human can
completely lose sight.
Usually patients do not attach importance to the strange “pimple”.
After 1-3 months, when they begin to feel movement in that area or if
infiltration appears on the face, seek medical help.
there is no diagnosis of dirofilariae. One of the diagnostic symptoms: presence
sensations that living things are moving or crawling inside a dense formation
The final diagnosis is established only after the extraction of the helminth, followed by a parasitological
Treatment. Treatment of dirofilariasis in humans
surgical and consists in removing the worm.
- Personal measures
prevention – protection against mosquito bites .
- Fight against
mosquitoes in residential buildings, technical undergrounds of houses, etc.places.
- Identification and
treatment of infested dogs, cats.
5 months. A vascular spot under the eye began to appear under the child’s eye in the morning (similar to …
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90,000 To escape from the “cloud” of the gnat. Summer insect bites get stronger | HEALTH: Medicine | HEALTH
The phrase “as if a mosquito had bitten” no longer seems so harmless. Every year, allergic reactions from the bite of “summer” insects become stronger. The swelling and itching are sometimes so intolerable that you have to see a doctor. About how to protect yourself from biting insects and the body’s reaction to the bites of mosquitoes, midges, bees, hornets, tick larvae, the correspondent of “AiF-Tyumen” learned from professor-parasitologist and dermatologist .
Small and biting
During the spring and summer, new people turn to doctors every week with complaints about the effects of insect bites. Most often, mosquitoes and midges are brought to the doctor’s appointment.
Despite their size, the bite of the latter is indeed much more toxic than that of the mosquito brothers. Together with saliva, the gnat introduces a large amount of poison, and therefore often, in addition to the usual redness, edema appears. Children are especially sensitive to the toxic bite of midges.
Vile, a swarm of mosquitoes. Photo: pixabay.com
“It is possible to escape from the“ cloud ”of gnats both with the help of folk remedies, such as vanillin, and thanks to repellents, – says parasitologist, professor of the State Agrarian University of the Northern Trans-Urals Vladimir Domatsky . “But all of these funds have a short-term effect.”
If mosquitoes can be scared away by repellents for a long time, then midges of various aerosols and creams are practically not afraid and after a while they go into the “attack” again.
There is no reliable protection against them yet. Therefore, it remains only to wait for them to disappear. According to popular belief, this will happen with the appearance of dragonflies. The most aggressive predators among flying insects will appear in July, before that you will have to save yourself from the midges on your own.
Allergy and immunity
According to dermatovenerologist of the Tyumen Regional Skin and Venereal Diseases Dispensary Yulia Rostovtseva , local allergic reactions after an insect bite develop typically: 24-48 hours after the attack, a delayed-type reaction occurs.From repeated bites, a reaction in the form of a nettle burn may already occur. However, if the insect bites very often, then, on the contrary, immunological resistance can develop, and the body will no longer react so sharply to poison, this often happens in beekeepers.
“A special reaction of the body is a pseudolymphoma. In this case, a dense, persistent red-brown knot develops at the site of the bite, often this happens from a bite of forest and scabies mites, as well as fleas. ”
Determining the bite of arthropods and insects is not as easy as it might seem, therefore, not an accurate diagnosis is often made, but only a suspicion.In each case, treatment is determined depending on the area of the lesion, the number and severity of the bites. There is no universal cure. And in the case of severe, repetitive reactions, patients are referred to an allergist.
This order includes bees, bumblebees, wasps and hornets. The site of the bite should be examined carefully, as the sting may still be there. In this case, it must be carefully removed with small tweezers, being careful not to touch the bag of poison.Local reactions to bites are well known — pain, erythema, edema and, in some cases, blistering. In addition, systemic reactions can occur over the next few minutes, leading to itching, urticaria, anaphylaxis, and acute vascular collapse in allergy sufferers.
Bee. Photo: From personal archive / Alexey Nikolenko
Allergy. Photo: pixabay.com
This great delight includes flies and mosquitoes. At first, a mosquito bite is an itchy, pink blister that then develops into a tight nodule that persists for hours and days. The accession of a pustular infection occurs as a result of scratching.
Mosquito bite. Photo: pixabay.com
Larvae of mites of the genus Trombicula are found in the warm summer months. They are found in flowers, shrubs, vines and trees, from where they fall to the ground for their victims. Then they move, feeding on blood, until they encounter an obstacle in their path in the form of a collar, belt or belt. Typical clinical signs of thrombiculosis are groups of severely itchy nodules along the line of the obstacle.
The defeat of the leg with thrombidiasis. Photo: Wikipedia / TimVickers, Public Domain
What smells will scare mosquitoes away?
1. One hundred grams of camphor or valerian, evaporated over the burner, will get rid of flies and mosquitoes even in very large rooms.
2. Finely chop fresh bird cherry or mountain ash leaves and rub the open skin.
3. Essential oils of clove, basil, anise, eucalyptus. You can lubricate exposed skin (five to ten drops in a glass of water), or drop the oil on a fire source – in a fireplace, fire, on a candle or a heated frying pan.
4. Put fresh elderberry branches in the room, they repel mosquitoes just like the smell of tomato leaves.
5. If you decide to sit outside, throw juniper twigs into the fire.
6. The smell of cedar nut oil repels not only mosquitoes, but also flies and cockroaches.
If already bitten
The following folk remedies will help from irritation and itching at the site of the bite: aloe juice, onion juice (cut the onion and attach to the bite), parsley leaves, very salty water.
90,000 12 types and what to do with each of them – Akmol Inform
In the summer, when people go out of town with their families, to summer cottages or picnics near the lake, the risk of getting unwanted bites from various insects increases. Some pass quickly, and with especially severe bites, you should immediately contact a doctor. We suggest reading about the 12 most common bites that you may experience while outing in the city or abroad on an exotic vacation.
The forest tick is the most dangerous for humans, as it is a carrier of dangerous diseases. The oral apparatus of the parasite is designed in such a way that it makes it possible to deeply and firmly adhere to the skin. At the same time, a person will not experience pain and may find a tick on his body even after a few days. It may turn out that the tick bit you and fell off. Then, at the site of the bite, there will be a red spot with a circle of several centimeters, and in the center there will be a black or red dot.In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
What to do at home, with a tick bite? When there is no way to get to the hospital, the tick can be removed at home. There are several ways:
With a thread. A loop is placed on the base of the tick’s body and gently pulled, loosening from side to side.
The second method is tweezers. Here it is important to ensure that there is no rupture of the calf. There are special devices for removing ticks, they are a special clip, you can purchase it at any pharmacy.Lubricate the bite site with an antiseptic, any.
Visually, mosquito bites appear on the skin as pink papules with circular outlines, drops. If the bite is combed, it will turn red because the mosquito’s saliva will enter the surrounding tissues, which will intensify the reaction. There are cases when an allergic reaction with edema appears at the site of the bite.
We treat mosquito bites
Black elderberry and plantain leaves. After meeting with a mosquito, it is best to wipe the area with a mashed leaf of black elderberry or plantain.The leaves will help to quickly relieve swelling and disinfect the bite site.
Ammonium . To relieve redness from a mosquito bite and itching, treat the skin with a cotton swab dipped in diluted ammonia (a tablespoon of alcohol to 3 tablespoons of water) or in a solution of baking soda (a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water).
Menovazine. In order to relieve itching, swelling and irritation, lubricate the sore spot with alcohol tincture of menovasin.This is a very effective remedy – no worse than the advertised expensive imported gels.
Garlic. From a mosquito bite it has been used for a long time. It has already become a traditional folk remedy. Crush a clove of fresh garlic in a garlic maker and dilute the resulting gruel with a little water. Soak a piece of cloth in the solution and apply to the bite site. Garlic will quickly relieve pain and itching, prevent the occurrence of edema.
Soda. Add a small amount of water to a teaspoon of baking soda to make a thick mass.Make a small cake out of it and attach it to the sore spot. Wrap a wet cloth over the top. Change the cake after three hours.
You can also dilute it harder with water and often lubricate mosquito bites with this soda solution.
Salt. Mosquito bite blisters will quickly disappear if you rub them with fine table salt. Just rub the skin gently to avoid damage.
Laundry soap. Helps to reduce itching and redness by lubricating the bite site with a very thick solution of the darkest laundry soap.
Wasp sting is very painful. A burning sensation is felt in its place, it swells and turns red. Occasionally, a wasp sting will cause headaches, fever, and a rash all over the body.
We treat bites of wasps, bees and hornets
Garlic juice. If you or your child have been bitten by a flying striped bandit, the first step is to remove the sting from the wound. Then lubricate the skin with fresh garlic juice or garlic gruel.
If it was not possible to get the sting, the wound began to fester and inflammation appeared, mix the garlic gruel with honey in equal parts, lubricate the wound, apply a bandage. The procedure must be repeated 2 times a day.
Cabbage and burdock leaves. An effective folk remedy for insect bites – cabbage leaf. Cut off the thickened part of it and lower the leaf in boiling water for just one minute so that it warms up and becomes softer. Then attach it to the bite.
For greater effect, brush one side of the leaf with honey and place this side on the sore spot.Wrap the compress with a bandage, and wrap it with a warm bandage on top. You need to keep the compress all night. By morning, the pain will be gone. If swelling and lump persists, repeat the procedure.
As a rule, two procedures are enough for pus to come out of the bite and edema subsides. You can use burdock instead of a cabbage leaf. Its medicinal properties are no less effective.
Parsley and potato juice. To relieve itching, you can also brush the bite site with parsley juice or attach a slice of raw potatoes.
Basil. Sometimes the itching from multiple bites is so intense that it comes to bloody scratching. A decoction of the medicinal herb basil will help to quickly solve this problem.
To do this, boil 2 tablespoons of basil for five minutes in half a liter of water. Leave to cool and drink half a glass 3 times a day. Lubricate the bites with the same infusion and add to the bath when bathing.
Mint. Rub fresh mint leaves into gruel and lubricate the skin.You can fill a piece of gauze with grass, tie it in a knot, boil in a liter of water for 5 minutes. Then squeeze the knot, and lubricate the bites with the broth or apply a gauze knot to them.
As you can see, the people have enough remedies to treat insect bites. And they, as practice shows, are much more effective than the advertised “miracle” balms. And much cheaper! So the choice is yours.
Well, in the end we will give you some tips on how to avoid the attack of small pests:
- When going out into nature, give preference to light-colored clothing.
- Try not to use perfume, aftershave or any other fragrances, so that the bee does not confuse you with a flower.
- Consult a doctor and, if necessary, increase your zinc intake. Insects are attracted to people who are deficient in zinc.
- Apply petroleum jelly to exposed areas of the body before going outside.
After stinging, the bee dies. This is because, along with the sting, she leaves her digestive tract.Therefore, it is quite easy to recognize a bee sting. It is necessary to urgently remove the sting so that the poison does not enter the bloodstream. Bee sting is the second most common cause of anaphylaxis. If you have shortness of breath, decreased pressure, or breathing problems, call an ambulance.
First aid measures
Most often, adults are aware of how their body reacts to a bee sting. With a child, the situation has an unknown outcome. In any case, the initial action must be done quickly.The degree of spread of poisonous substances through the blood of the victim depends on this.
- Get rid of the sting immediately. It is better to do this with sterile tweezers or with clean, disinfected hands. It is important that no residue remains under the skin. Otherwise, and if dirt gets into the wound, inflammation is inevitable.
- Soak a clean cloth or gauze with ammonia or ethyl alcohol, vinegar, a solution of soda or potassium permanganate. Apply to the wound. Keep as long as possible, repetition is possible.This minimizes pain, disinfects and slows down the development of puffiness.
- You can wash the damaged area of the body with soap (72% is better) and apply ice.
The insect pierces the skin like a bee, however, it does not leave a sting in the wound. The bite site swells, turns red, and sharp pain appears. Among the symptoms of a hornet bite: rapid heart rate, nausea, vomiting, cold limbs, bluish tinge to the lips, ears and neck.Loss of consciousness is not excluded. Young children and adults with weakened immunity are very painful to tolerate a hornet bite. If symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.
In the event of a hornet bite, it is necessary to carry out a number of measures that will help get rid of the negative consequences. For example:
- Take the victim away from the place where the hornet carried out the attack, sit in a comfortable position, unfasten the collar and loosen the belt.
- The hornet does not leave a sting, so you should not look for it.
- If a hornet is killed during a bite, then sting fragments may remain in the wound. In this case, it must be carefully removed in the most accessible way, disinfecting both the instrument and the wound itself.
- The affected area must be treated with an antibacterial agent, such as a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate.
- Wipe the bite site with any alcohol-based solution. This can be vodka, moonshine, cologne, eau de toilette, or rubbing alcohol.
- After that, ice or something cold is applied to the bite site.
- The victim should drink an antihistamine to avoid allergic reactions.
- In case of a severe allergic reaction, immediately take the victim to a hospital or call an ambulance.
How to properly treat the bite site:
- All movements should be clear, but light, without pressure on the bite site.
- The treatment agent should be applied gently with light movements.
- In no case should the poison be squeezed out, since it is no longer at the bite point.
- Before handling, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water so as not to infect the wound.
What is not allowed:
- Press on the bite site.
- Rub the affected area.
- Cauterize the wound.
- Warm up the swollen area.
- Treat with iodine or brilliant green.
As a rule, traditional medicine uses natural, natural ingredients, in the main.When people go on vacation, in nature, they can take pills with them for diarrhea or for fast digestion of food, but not from the bites of various insects, although if you are extremely careful, you can hardly feel the stings of bees, wasps or hornets, God forbid. But in nature, some plants that are always at hand will help to overcome the effects of bites. If the hornet is bitten at home, then you can also use traditional medicine.
The following plants will be able to stop the spread of the tumor and redness:
- Aloe juice or pulp.
- Plantain juice or leaf.
- Chopped parsley (greens).
- The bite site is washed with clean water.
- After that, a plantain leaf, plantain juice or aloe or chopped parsley gruel is applied to the bite site.
- Before this, the greens must be thoroughly washed.
- After applying the product, cover the bite site with a clean piece of cloth, gauze or bandage.Every 20 minutes it is necessary to change the compress or apply the plant sap again.
Note! In any case, you will need an allergy pill. If this happened in nature and no one had an allergy pill, and the victim is bad enough, then he will quickly have to be taken to a nearby hospital or try to call an “ambulance”. Therefore, when going out of town for a picnic, you must always take antihistamines with you, as well as disinfecting liquids.
The bites of these insects are most often observed on the legs. The flea may bite repeatedly. The bites appear as small red dots. If you comb them, they heal for a long time, and dark spots remain for a long time at the site of the bites.
Flea bite recognition
Two punctures will be visible in its center, which will help distinguish it from damage by other insects. This also suggests that in this case, the person is not dealing with an allergic reaction.A person feels the defeat of fleas immediately, since they cause pain. This is due to the fact that the parasite does not inject an anesthetic into the wound, but injects an enzyme that prevents blood from clotting. This enzyme causes itching and swelling.
- The first unpleasant symptom of a flea infestation is severe itching, which affects both children and adults. Therefore, flea bites on a person are treated primarily with means for disinfecting wounds, relieving pain, swelling and itching.
- First, the affected area is washed with soapy water, rinsed and wiped dry, then an antiseptic is applied (brilliant green, iodine, alcohol, etc.). In this case, hot water is not recommended, as this will cause severe itching.
- To remove edema, the wound is wiped with vinegar diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio or citric acid solution.
When bitten by an insect, it releases a toxin that causes an allergic reaction. The affected areas are visually similar to flea bites, but the sting of an ant causes instant sharp pain.It is necessary to prevent wound infection and soothe itchy skin.
What to do in case of an ant bite?
- Wash the area with soapy water.
- Apply ice for 10-15 minutes.
- Lubricate with antiseptic (preferably 70% alcohol or vodka).
In case of severe itching and redness, you can use pharmaceutical ant bite remedies (balms or ointments):
- “Gold Star”;
- “Fenistil gel”;
When traveling to a risk area, add an anti-anaphylactic package to the first aid kit. Ant bites in children are no more dangerous than in adults. It is difficult to persuade the baby not to comb the damaged area, so use pharmacy ointments or folk remedies to relieve itching. If the child does scratch the area, cover it with a bandage or a breathable germicidal adhesive tape.
Treatment of ant bites with folk remedies
- Mix baking soda with water until gruel and apply to the affected area.
- Wipe with ammonia diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Brush with mint toothpaste.
- Place a lotion of milk or milk ice for 10 minutes.
- Crush an activated charcoal tablet, drip a little water, put the resulting paste on the bite site and cover with foil.
- Apply a lotion with echinacea tincture, take a few drops orally to relieve an allergic reaction.
- Wipe this place with a cut onion or brush with onion juice.
How to treat an ant bite with improvised means? Aloe juice, gruel from parsley or plantain leaves, a piece of raw potatoes will help. By applying them, you can relieve swelling and redness, reduce itching and pain.
Most often, insects live on the head, but there are species that are located on other hairy parts of the body. The bite causes severe itching and leaves a small red dot.
First aid for bites
The peculiarity of lice is that even after the removal of parasites, itching may persist for some time, which leads to nervous disorders, insomnia.
For the treatment of itching, folk methods and pharmaceutical preparations are used.
- The bite site is treated with soap and washed off with warm water.
- The affected areas are smeared with vodka or alcohol diluted with water 1: 1. Thus, the bites are disinfected and the infection does not penetrate into the deep layers of the dermis.
- Specially for relieving itching, including that caused by insect bites, one of the ointments is used – Fenistil or Psilo-balm.
- The agent is applied to itchy areas 2-4 times a day.According to the doctor’s prescription, local treatment can be combined with the intake of antihistamines by mouth.
If the itching is not relieved by these methods, the patient will need hospitalization. Antiallergic drugs in this case are administered by intravenous infusion.
The bite leaves a noticeable mark with swelling around it. There is a hot sensation at the site of the edema. The bite causes itching, dizziness, infection is possible.
How to help someone who has been bitten by a horsefly?
First aid and further treatment are necessary to get rid of unpleasant symptoms and heal the bite site faster.The first measures are as follows:
- In order to avoid that the gadfly saliva begins to expand its effect, the bitten area must be pressed down with a finger.
- Apply ice to relieve itching.
- The bite is important to wash with soap and water. To do this, the water must be cool, because warm can intensify the itching and burning. It is better to take soap without cosmetic additives.
- Lubricate the bitten area with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide.After that, you can apply iodine or brilliant green. It is very important to disinfect the wound in order to prevent inflammation from developing and to avoid infection.
Horsefly bite is treated at home. It rarely happens that the victim needs to be hospitalized. Medical intervention is necessary if many bites have been inflicted or a person has developed severe allergic manifestations.
Traditional and home methods of treatment are suitable in order to speed up the healing process.To do this, you can always use those tools that are at hand. Treat insect bites in the following ways:
- A dressing with a solution of baking soda or boric acid will help relieve itching.
- Plantain gruel is also effective in relieving itching. In order to prepare raw materials, you need to pluck the leaves of the plantain, rinse and grind until gruel is formed.
- Then the resulting product is applied to the bite site, fixing with a bandage. If there is no fresh plantain nearby, you can use dried one.Before rubbing, it is soaked in water.
- Plantain juice is an equally good way. They are impregnated with a sterile napkin and attached to the bitten area.
- Dandelion helps with a gadfly bite with its juice, which needs to be lubricated by splitting the stem of the plant.
- Onion juice is obtained by finely chopping an onion. It can also help alleviate the suffering of the patient.
- The juice of fresh wormwood helps to relieve pain and eliminate puffiness.
In addition to these available remedies, mint, aloe juice, millennial, black nightshade, parsley, lemon juice, sour cream, potato gruel, propolis or calendula tincture, garlic gruel can also relieve the symptoms of a bite.
Bites are massive, densely located next to each other and grouped. Bed bugs bite, as it were, in one line. The number of bites of one bug is from 3 to 5 punctures of the skin with redness at intervals of 2-4 centimeters.
How and with what to treat?
In order to get rid of itching and damage to the skin, you can use both folk remedies and specialized medical creams or ointments. How to treat bed bug bites? First you need to rinse the affected area with cool water and soap or soda solution.This will relieve the itching a little. After that, you can attach an ice cube, rub the skin with parsley or potato juice. Next, we will tell you what medicines can be used for bedbug bites?
WARNING! Ammonia, ointment for bug bites “Fenistil” or cream “Rescuer” helps very well. The last two remedies for bedbug bites will also act as anti-allergens.
How to get rid of itching? It is best to anoint damaged areas with Afloderm ointment or Zvezdochka balm.In case of a severe allergic reaction, you can use antihistamines – “Diazolin”, “Diphenhydramine”, “Suprastin”, “Tavegil”. However, it is best to consult a specialist doctor before using them.
Bites of bedbugs on humans – treatment with folk remedies:
- Treat with mint leaves;
- Attach a softened dandelion stem;
- Lubrication of damaged areas with garlic juice, which relieves irritation and swelling;
- Use of plantain or bird cherry leaves;
- Attach the cut onion; Lubrication with aloe juice.
The bite leaves a red spot and is unusually painful. The insect can carry a disease called rabbit fever. Symptoms: skin ulcers, fever, headache.
To reduce unpleasant manifestations, as well as the risk of infection after a fly bite of an autumn flare or horsefly, several simple emergency measures should be taken:
- Wound rinsing with plenty of clean running water.
- Treatment with antiseptic solutions – you can use hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, brilliant green.
- Reducing the severity of the inflammatory reaction with the help of a special insect bite remedy (Gardeks balm) or anti-inflammatory medicines for local external use (Locoid ointment, Disinfection of a wound after a fly bite with Fenistil hydrogen peroxide).
- Fight against possible allergic reactions with antihistamines, which include Loratadin, Diazolin, Suprastin.
Dwells only in certain areas. Its bite can only be felt after 6 hours, when pain occurs.
First aid for bites
When spiders bite adults or children, severe intoxication of the body develops, so you need to quickly provide the victim with first aid. If a person managed to see a jointed one and determine its belonging to a poisonous species, then medical intervention will be required. You should call the ambulance team, and only then try to alleviate the condition of the victim.The following measures will help prevent the spread of poison in the body:
- the area of the bite must be thoroughly rinsed under running cool water using laundry soap;
- if a limb is damaged, it should be immobilized to prevent the penetration of poison into the subcutaneous tissue and healthy tissue;
- the bite site must be treated with solutions with antiseptic and antimicrobial activity – hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine bigluconate, iodine, brilliant green, ethyl alcohol, Miramistin, Furacilin;
- you can localize the zone of spread of toxins by pulling an arm or leg (without disturbing blood circulation!) With an elastic bandage slightly above the bite area;
- on the reddened area of the skin, apply a cold compress in the form of pieces of ice wrapped in a dense cloth.
If there is a loss of consciousness, the help with a spider bite is to monitor the victim until the ambulance arrives.