Milky green discharge: Causes and when to see a doctor
Causes and when to see a doctor
It is common to wonder whether the color or consistency of vaginal discharge is normal or needs to be checked out. Vaginal discharge can be many colors, and several indicate a healthy body.
In this article, we provide a color-coded guide to vaginal discharge. Learn what the colors mean and when to see a doctor.
Vaginal discharge is fluid secreted from tiny glands in the vagina and cervix. This fluid leaks from the vagina each day to remove old cells and debris, keeping the vagina and reproductive tract clean and healthy.
The amount of vaginal discharge can vary significantly from person to person. The color, consistency, and amount can also change from day to day, depending on where a person is in their menstrual cycle:
- Days 1–5. At the beginning of the cycle, discharge is usually red or bloody, as the body sheds the uterine lining.
- Days 6–14. Following a period, a person may notice less vaginal discharge than usual. As the egg starts to develop and mature, the cervical mucus will become cloudy and white or yellow. It may feel sticky.
- Days 14–25. A few days before ovulation, the mucus will be thin and slippery, similar to the consistency of egg whites. After ovulation, the mucus will go back to being cloudy, white or yellow, and possibly sticky or tacky.
- Days 25–28. The cervical mucus will lighten, and a person will see less of it, before getting another period.
The shade of red can vary from bright to a dark rust color. Red discharge is most commonly the result of bleeding during a period.
Menstrual bleeding happens, on average, around every 28 days, though the normal range between 21 and 35 days. A period typically lasts for 3–5 days.
Anyone who experiences bleeding between menstrual periods should see a doctor. Though there are many benign causes of intermenstrual bleeding, it can sometimes signal a serious condition.
Anyone who has gone through menopause and not had a period for at least 1 year should see a doctor if they experience vaginal bleeding. It can sometimes be a sign of endometrial cancer.
The shade of white can extend to include cream or light yellow. If a person has no other symptoms, white discharge is most likely a sign of healthy lubrication.
However, if the white discharge has a consistency like cottage cheese or is accompanied by a strong odor, it can indicate an infection. An individual should see a doctor.
White, thick, strong-smelling discharge is usually associated with a yeast infection, which can also cause itching or irritation.
If the discharge has a very slight yellow hue, it may not indicate a problem. This is especially likely if the hue only coincides with a change in diet or dietary supplements.
Discharge that is a darker shade of yellow, yellowish-green, or green usually signals a bacterial or sexually transmitted infection. See a doctor promptly if vaginal discharge is thick or clumpy, or it has a foul odor.
Discharge can be light or a much deeper pink. It usually contains a little bit of blood.
Pink discharge most commonly occurs with spotting before a period. However, it can also be a sign of implantation bleeding in early pregnancy.
Some people experience a little bit of spotting after ovulation, which can also cause pink discharge.
Discharge can be pink after sexual intercourse if the sex has caused small tears or irritation in the vagina or cervix.
Most ordinary vaginal discharge is clear or whitish. It may be slippery or have the consistency of egg whites.
A person is likely to experience more clear, slippery discharge just before ovulation, during sexual arousal, and during pregnancy.
Gray vaginal discharge is not healthy, and it can be a symptom of a common bacterial infection called bacterial vaginosis (BV).
BV usually causes other vaginal symptoms as well, including:
- a strong odor
- redness around the vulva or vaginal opening
Anyone with gray discharge should promptly see a doctor. Following diagnosis, the doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics to treat the BV.
See a doctor if vaginal discharge has an unusual smell or appearance. A person should also seek medical care if they experience vaginal symptoms such as:
- pain or discomfort
- discharge that is frothy or like cottage cheese
- bleeding between periods or after menopause
- spotting after sex regularly
- grey, green, or yellow discharge
- a strong odor
- a burning sensation during urination
The doctor will perform a pelvic exam. They may also need to take a sample of discharge for testing.
Below is a summary of causes for each color of vaginal discharge:
In most people, infections or hormonal imbalances are responsible for unusual changes in vaginal discharge. Medication may be necessary.
A person should see a doctor if they notice irregular changes in vaginal discharge or other symptoms that might indicate a reproductive health issue.
Green Vaginal Discharge: Main Causes and What To Do
Greenish or yellowish-green discharge when accompanied by an unpleasant odor, itching, and burning in the vagina may be a sign of trichomoniasis, a vaginal infection, or vulvovaginitis, an inflammation occurring simultaneously in the vulva and vagina.
In most cases, the greenish discharge is almost always accompanied by other symptoms and you should see a gynecologist as soon as possible so that the best treatment can be recommended.
Main causes for green vaginal discharge
Trichomoniasis is a vaginal infection caused by the protozoan Trichomonas Vaginalis, which may be sexually transmitted and is, therefore, considered to be an STD (sexually transmitted disease). This vaginal infection can cause greenish discharge, as well as pain during intercourse, an unpleasant odor, irritation and genital itching, painful urination and increased need to go to the bathroom.
Trichomoniasis is typically treated with the use of antibiotic medication, such as Metronidazole or Tinidazole, which should be taken twice a day for 5-7 days.
Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation that occurs at the same time in both the vulva and vagina, and is a combination of vulvitis (inflammation of the vulva) and a vaginitis (inflammation of the lining of the vagina). This inflammation causes greenish vaginal discharge as well as irritation, itching, redness and genital inflammation, unpleasant odor, discomfort or burning sensation when urinating.
Vulvovaginitis can appear due to various causes, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, other parasites or chemicals found in foams, soaps or perfumes, for example.
Treatment of vulvovaginitis can be generally done with antibiotics, antifungal or antihistamines, depending on the type and cause of the infection. For example, if vulvovaginitis is because of an allergic reaction to a product, antihistamine allergy remedies should be used to treat the problem.
Home remedy for green vaginal discharge
To complete the treatment, here are some tips to follow at home which can help treat greenish discharge:
- Wash the genital area 2 to 3 times a day with running water, without soap.
- Bathe with warm water or guava tea to help relieve itching in the genital area.
- Avoid wearing tight or synthetic underwear and opt for cotton underwear.
Any change in vaginal discharge may be a way of your body warning you there is a problem, so pay attention and see a gynecologist as soon as possible.
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Top 3 Causes of Green Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal discharge is normal, but if it’s green, that’s a sign of an infection, such as an STD.
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Last updatedMarch 3, 2021
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What does green vaginal discharge mean?
Vaginal discharge is normal. Its consistency changes throughout the month and is a key sign of ovulation. Some women naturally have more discharge than others. However, it is never normal to have green vaginal discharge.
Green vaginal discharge can be a sign of something relatively easy to treat, such as a yeast infection. Or it may be a sign of a sexually transmitted disease (STD). If you have a green vaginal discharge, it is very likely you will also have other symptoms, such as vaginal irritation and discomfort, pain with urination, and pelvic pain.
Most causes of green vaginal discharge are treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications.
1. Vaginal trichomonas
Trichomoniasis is the most common cause of green discharge. But most women with trichomoniasis are asymptomatic. They only find out they have it during a routine PAP smear. —Dr. Jessica White-Videa
Vaginal trichomonas, also called trichomoniasis or “trich,” is a common STD caused by a parasite. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it affects over 2 million people per year. Only about 30% have symptoms.
You need a test to make sure you have vaginal trichomonas. If the test is positive, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to treat the infection.
2. Yeast infection
A yeast infection is a common vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of a fungus called Candida albicans.
Yeast infections can happen because you’re taking antibiotics or birth control pills, are pregnant, or have diabetes or a weakened immune system. These conditions can disturb the natural balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina.
Stress, sexual activity, living in a warm climate, and using perfumed soaps and other personal hygiene products can also raise your risk for yeast infection.
Over-the-counter and prescription anti-fungal creams and medications usually treat yeast infections.
3. Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pelvic pain, including during sexual intercourse
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a general term for a bacterial infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. The major causes are two STDs called gonorrhea and chlamydia. But you can get PID from other bacteria commonly found in the rectal and vaginal area, including the one that causes bacterial vaginosis.
It’s important to talk to your doctor about any symptoms because untreated PID can cause infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and abdominal pain. Treatment includes antibiotics. If the cause is chlamydia or gonorrhea, your partner also needs to get treated.
Other possible causes
A number of conditions may also cause green vaginal discharge, though these are either rare or green vaginal discharge is not usually the defining symptom. They include bacterial vaginosis and a tampon that’s kept in for too long.
When to call the doctor
Important questions to ask your doctor: What is the underlying cause of this discharge? Should my partner be tested and treated? Should I be screened for other STDs? —Dr. White-Videa
As soon as you notice green vaginal discharge, call your doctor to determine the cause.
Should I go to the ER for green vaginal discharge?
Your doctor should be able to treat most cases of green vaginal discharge. However, go to the emergency room if you have any of these signs of a more serious problem:
- Severe pain that does not respond to over-the-counter medications
- Severe nausea and vomiting
When talking with your doctor, be very open and honest about your sexual history. —Dr. White-Videa
- Use an over-the-counter, anti-fungal creams for suspected yeast infection.
- Use a cold compress, such as an ice pack wrapped in a washcloth, to alleviate discomfort due to itching or swelling
Other treatment options
- Prescription strength anti-fungal pills and creams
- Antibiotics for sexually transmitted infections
- Avoid douching and the use of scented soaps to restore the balance of vaginal organisms.
- Use a condom during sexual intercourse to prevent STDs.
- Limit number of sexual partners.
- Replace or remove tampons after 4 to 8 hours, the FDA advises.
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Having an itchy vagina is quite a common symptom of either a yeast infection, contact dermatitis of the vagina, or atrophic vaginitis. Learn how to know the difference.
A comprehensive guide to understanding vaginal discharge including colors, odors and causes.
While there is an array of color and consistency to vaginal discharge, it’s quite common to have bloody vaginal discharge after your period. Other causes can relate to age, bacterial or yeast infections, or an STD.
A swollen vagina is often accompanied by other conditions, such pain, discharge, or itching, and can be caused by inflammation, obstruction, or trauma.
How to Decode Your Vaginal Discharge – Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic
Any type of vaginal discharge can seem concerning — but it’s not always a sign of a problem.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy
“Vaginal discharge can be normal or abnormal,” says Ob/Gyn Oluwatosin Goje, MD. “Not every vaginal discharge means something.”
what may cause different colors of vaginal discharge can help determine whether
it means trouble and how best to treat the problem, if there is one.
White discharge: It isn’t always a problem
discharge may vary from clear to milky white. But Dr. Goje says a whitish
discharge could signal one of two common things:
Vaginal discharge may sometimes change consistency and color during your menstrual cycle. During ovulation, the body can produce a thicker, white, stretchy discharge.
Tip: Keep an eye on your monthly discharge so you know what’s normal for you.
Most often caused by Candida albicans fungus, a yeast infection often produces a thick, cottage cheese-like, white discharge. Vaginal itching and burning are common.
Tip: You can treat it with over-the-counter drugs, such as tioconazole (Monistat®), or with a prescription pill called fluconazole (Diflucan®) or prescription vaginal creams called terazol or clotrimazole. If these don’t work, Dr. Goje says your doctor can test to see whether a fungus other than Candida albicans is present. Vaginal itching could also be caused by an allergic reaction, so let your healthcare provider know if medication does not help your symptoms.
Off-white or grayish discharge: A common infection
This infection is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. Nearly 30% of women of child-bearing age get it. It often causes an increase in a vaginal discharge that is thin and grayish-white with a foul-smelling, unpleasant fish odor. The discharge and odor are most notable after sex, or you might notice them before and after your period, Dr. Goje says.
Tip: Two vaginal ointments — metronidazole gel and clindamycin cream — can treat the infection. Oral forms of the drugs are also effective. If you have been treated more than three times in a year for BV, consider wearing condoms with sexual intercourse, Dr. Goje says.
Greenish-yellow discharge: Two possible culprits
Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis (DIV)
This shows up most often in post-menopausal women whose estrogen levels have dropped. The vagina atrophies when the vaginal skin or wall thins out, becoming red and inflamed. A yellow to greenish-yellow discharge appears, and sex is sometimes painful.
Tip: Treatment of DIV can be with clindamycin ointment or steroid ointment in the vagina, but needs a doctor’s prescription. Also, treatment with estrogen cream can relieve itching, burning and pain from vaginal atrophy, Dr. Goje says.
Up to 70% of those with this sexually transmitted infection don’t notice symptoms. But for women who do, an odd-smelling, greenish-yellow discharge that is sometimes frothy is often one of them. Women can also have itching, burning, soreness and redness, along with painful urination.
Tip: As with bacterial vaginosis, a single dose of metronidazole or tinidazole pill by mouth should cure this infection. Some women may need prolonged treatment for five to seven days.
Know what’s normal — and get the rest checked
notice any of these types of discharge — or any that’s unusual for
you — see your doctor or your gynecologist.
to discuss the color, consistency and smell of the discharge, as well as any
itching and whether it appears related to having sex or your
If the first
round of treatment doesn’t relieve your symptoms, ask your doctor for more
many tests out there that labs can run to make a diagnosis of an infection,”
Dr. Goje says. “I also often recommend that patients keep a diary of
their vaginal discharge so they know what’s normal and abnormal for
What is the Color of Your Vaginal Discharge Telling You?
Is the color of your vaginal discharge telling you something important about your health? Normal vaginal discharge is milky or white and is odorless. But sometimes, an imbalance of bacteria in your vagina can cause your discharge to change color. Do you have brown or yellow discharge? Or maybe your discharge is green, white, bloody or dark. In this article we’ll explore the range of discharge colors that you might experience and what they could mean.
Recognizing Normal and Abnormal Discharge
Changes in your discharge that may signal a problem include an increase in the amount, and a change in the color, smell or texture of the discharge. You may also experience other symptoms with a change in discharge, such as irritation, itchiness or burning in or around your vagina. The combination of these factors can help reveal what may be going on in your body. Let’s take a look at the different colors of vaginal discharge, what it might signal, other related symptoms, and what you can do:
Type of Discharge
It Could Be…
What You Can Do
Milky or white
None, including no odor
Nothing! All is well
Thick and white
Vaginal yeast infection
Vaginal itching, burning, soreness, or pain. Some women experience pain when urinating or having sex along with and redness, swelling or rash around the vulva
Talk to your healthcare professional*, or take the Vaginal Health Test, then reach for Monistat®–it comes in three doses to meet your treatment needs
White, yellow or grey
Fishy odor, itching and swelling
Not normal—talk to your healthcare professional
Yellow or green
Foul odor, thick or chunky texture
Not normal—talk to your healthcare professional
Brown or bloody
Irregular menstruation or a sign of something more serious
Pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding
Talk to your healthcare professional
Talk to your healthcare professional
*Always see your healthcare professional if this is your first yeast infection.
Types of Vaginal Discharge: Causes & Care
Vaginal discharge is made of the fluids secreted by the cervical and vaginal glands. The fluid has bacteria and dead cells, which it carries out of the human body. This discharge helps in keeping the vagina clean, and it helps in preventing infections. Normal vaginal discharges can vary in color and amount. Vaginal discharge is common in women, and sometimes it may raise questions. It may have an odor, but if its fishy, foul odor, then it is an indicator of an infection.
The amount of discharge can vary depending on the time of the month. In the time immediately after a period, there is no discharge. But after 2-3 days, there can be a white, thick discharge. Then a few days later, there can be a thick mucus-like discharge. The discharge is sticky and clear before ovulation, and just before the next period, it is white and thick.
Women can find vaginal discharge during pregnancy, as well. The amount increases, and it is white, milky, thin, and mild smelling inconsistency. This discharge reduces during menopause and perimenopause because of reduced levels of estrogen. However, because the discharge is affected by estrogen, a drop in it can change the consistency and amount of discharge. These changes can occur due to other reasons, as well. They are:
- Surgical removal of ovaries
- Hormones or medicines for treating fibroids, infertility, endometriosis, and breast cancer.
- Radiation in the pelvic region
- Depression, intense exercise or severe stress.
What is normal Vaginal Discharge?
Vaginal discharge is a normal occurrence, and it varies throughout the menstrual cycle. Women can tell the phase of the cycle by studying eth discharge. An abnormal discharge varies from a normal one, and it can be a sign of infection, STI, or bacterial imbalance. The vagina has balanced levels of pH, moisture, and bacteria. This balance can be sensitive to changes within the body and outside triggers.
Vaginal fluids can be different when you are aroused and also during and after pregnancy. Tracking your vaginal fluids can help the doctor record your bodily changes and diagnose if there is any problem.
The discharge varies according to the cervical fluid of the body. At the start of the menstrual cycle, the discharge is very sticky or very dry, or there may not be any discharge at all. In the mid or late follicular phase, it becomes whitish and creamy. But just before ovulation, it can become wet, stretchy, and transparent, having an egg-like consistency. After ovulation, it goes back to very sticky or very dry. It can look yellowish or white as it dries on the underwear.
Many women don’t notice the increase in discharge through the first phase of the cycle. The most discharge is produced during ovulation and the days preceding it. The volume of fluid decreases in one or two days posts ovulation, which lasts until the end of the menstrual cycle. The vagina does produce more fluids when women are in an aroused state.
A normal discharge is usually odorless. Sometimes it can have a smell, but it isn’t unpleasant. It is very mild. If it mixes with urine or blood on the underwear during the period, then the smell changes. Owen must know what their normal discharge smells like, so they know when it changes.
Types of Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal discharge can be of different types, and it varies depending on the menstrual cycles. There could be other reasons for the variance, such as treatments or physiological changes. The change can also point toward infections or some other diseases which is causing this.
Discharge that is in different shades of the color white is normal, and it occurs during ovulation and at the end of the menstrual cycle. If a woman does not experience burning sensations, itching, or an odor when the discharge occurs, then there is nothing to worry about the white discharge. But if the discharge is stringy and clumpy like cheese, then it could be a sign of a yeast infection. It is usually accompanied by burning and itching and is due to an overgrowth of a fungus. If the white discharge has a fishy odor, then it probably means that the woman has bacterial vaginosis. The other symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are itching and burning sensation while passing urine.
A bloody or brown discharge is normal if it occurs after or during the period. A late discharge towards the end of the menstrual cycle often is brown instead of red. Small amounts of brown or red discharge can be experienced in between cycles. It is commonly known as spotting. If a woman has had unprotected sex, then this is a sign of pregnancy. Spotting during early pregnancy stages can be a sign of miscarriage, as well. Women are advised to consult their doctor about this first. In extremely rare cases, red or brown discharge could be a sign of cervical or endometrial cancer. It could also occur due to abnormal growth of fibroids (refer to Q&A for more info on Fibroids).
- Clear & Watery: A clear and watery discharge is quite normal and can occur at any time. It may be more after exercise.
- Stretchy: If it’s clear and stretchy, mucus-like, then this is normal too. It just means you are ovulating.
- Yellow: A yellow discharge is odorless, and the woman does not experience any other symptoms, then it isn’t anything to worry about. In some cases, it may be a sign of bacterial infection or sexually transmitted infections. (Find more about sexually transmitted infections through this Q&A)
- Green: A green discharge, if it’s chunky or thick and has a bad odor, isn’t normal and could be a sign of an infection. The woman must get herself checked by a doctor.
Signs and Symptoms of Vaginal Discharge
The vaginal fluids might vary in color and consistency. This variance is dependant upon a lot of factors. The vaginal discharge may be a pointer to a more serious problem such as:
Gonorrhea may not cause all the symptoms. Still, in half the women frequent urination, burning during urination, swelling and redness of genitals, yellow vaginal discharge, and itching the vaginal area.
This infection produces a greenish-yellow and frothy vaginal discharge, accompanied by a strong odor. A woman can feel discomfort during urination and intercourse, along with itching and irritation in the genital region.
All women with bacterial vaginosis don’t show the same symptoms. It usually produces a grayish-white and thin discharge. The discharge also has a fishy and foul smell.
A yeast infection in the vagina is typically characterized by a white and thick vaginal discharge that feels like cottage cheese. It is odorless but can cause burning, pain, and soreness during intercourse or urination.
This infection doesn’t apply symptoms in all women. But there is an increased amount of discharge along with the symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
Causes of Vaginal Discharge
A normal vaginal discharge is for the healthy functioning of the body. This is the way the vagina cleans itself and maintain the right environment. It is a mix of pH balance and hormones that need to be maintained. But in certain cases, the discharge isn’t normal. They are:
A single-celled organism known as a protozoan is responsible for this infection Trichomoniasis. It spread through sexual contact and even by common towels and bathing suits. It causes a green or yellow discharge with a foul odor. Itching, inflammation, and pain are also common symptoms.
This infection increases vaginal discharge and has a strong fishy and foul odor. Women with multiple sexual partners and those who receive oral sex are at risk for it.
Yeast infection, Chlamydia, and Gonorrhea
A yeast infection causes a cheese-like discharge along with itching and burning. Diabetes, stress, pregnancy, birth control pills, and antibiotics can cause this. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are STI’s and can cause a green, yellow, or cloudy discharge.
The HPV infection happens because of sexual contact and can cause cervical cancer. Cancer produces a brown, bloody, or watery discharge with a bad odor. Pap smears and testing can screen this.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
PID infection is also spread through sexual contact and produces a foul-smelling and heavy discharge.
Treatment of Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal discharges, if unhealthy, can be treated in the following ways:
Medication that can be taken over the counter or prescription medicines help in managing abnormal vaginal discharge. For bacterial vaginosis, women can try tinidazole, metronidazole, or clindamycin cream. They are also good for trichomonas infections. Chlamydia can be treated with oral azithromycins, such as Zmax or Zithromax and doxycycline such as Oracea, Atridox, Vibramycin, etc.
Gonorrhea used to be treated with penicillin, but with newer resistant strains, they are difficult to treat. Try oral cefixime or inject ceftriaxone. Topical creams can treat yeast infections like miconazole, butoconazole, or clotrimazole. Some medication is also available in the form of vaginal tablets and oral options.
Women can take over the counter medications for vaginal discharge, but they must first consult a healthcare professional to see if the discharge is abnormal in any way. Alternative medical approaches suggest douching, but most doctors don’t recommend it. These discharges are a natural way for the vagina to clean itself and maintain the right balance. Douching disturbs that balance and causes inflammation or worse symptoms. Women mustn’t douche unless specifically prescribed by a medical professional.
Vaginal discharges are quite common in women who use panty liners, douches Hygiene rinses, sprays or powders, scented bath products, or tight clothing. To avoid vaginal discharge, women must try to use unscented bath products of the genital area. Avoid hot water baths, douching, or scented wipes or toilet par. Wear cotton underwear to ensure there is proper air circulation.
Frequently Asked Questions About Vaginal Discharge
Is it normal to have vaginal discharge even when you are not having my period?
Vaginal discharge is completely normal at any time. Even when you are not having your period. The discharge keeps the vaginal canal clean and maintains the right “ecosystem” for reproductive health. The normal discharge is known as leukorrhea, which is white or clear and doesn’t have any odor. A woman’s body can normally produce a small amount (about a small teaspoon) of leukorrhea in a day. So, what can you do about Leukorrhea, here’s Harvard Women’s Health Watch sharing insight on Leukorrhea
When eggs are released during ovulation, which is the middle of the menstrual cycle, the discharge may become stretchy and thinner like egg whites. Closer to the end of the cycle, when you are actually getting your period, the discharge may become stickier.
How to make the vagina less smelly?
The vagina may release odors, which may cause you to smell bad, which is normal. It is recommended that the consumption of fruits can help in reducing this odor. The vagina and the discharge may also smell due to other reasons such as infections, bacterial growth, hormones, or hygiene issues. Keep the area clean and watch out for symptoms of an infection.
What is the reason behind releasing a lot of vaginal discharge sometimes?
The level or amount of vaginal discharge depends on the menstrual cycle. If you have an unusually large amount of discharge, it could be because you are ovulating or are sexually aroused. Pregnant women may also face large amounts of discharge. If the discharge doesn’t cause itching or discomfort, then it isn’t anything to worry about. But you can still check with a medical professional.
Vaginal discharge in itself is nothing to be worried about. It can vary in amount, color, and looks. It is a perfectly normal part of a woman’s life and health. But women must learn to track what is normal and what isn’t. This is so that they can immediately inform a healthcare worker if the discharge feels or seems abnormal in any way.
Women also use vaginal discharge to predict their cycles. The natural method of birth control also depends on the discharge and its features to help women determine when they are most fertile.
9 Kinds of Vaginal Discharge: Colors, Consistencies and More
Gray discharge can also be a sign of trichomoniasis, which is an STD which can be treated and cured with antibiotics. It’s very important to see your doctor at the first sign of gray discharge.
Note: if you’ve never had a period before, gray discharge can actually be a sign that your body is getting ready to start menstruating. “It’s a warning that you’re going to get your period in the next 6 months,” Dr. Hersh explains. “When you look under the microscope, what you see are mature vaginal cells that are sloughing off. It’s really just the lining of the vagina ramping up and the cells are going from immature to mature.”
Dr. Hersh notes that sometimes girls and their moms assume it’s a yeast infection and treat it with over-the-counter medicine, which can just cause more irritation. “The best way to address it is with water to keep the area as clean as you can and add a protective barrier like A&D ointment or coconut oil — something to protect the vulva, but nothing medicated,” Dr. Hersh recommends.
4. Dark Brown, Red, or Pink Vaginal Discharge
Discharge with a red, dark brown or pink tint is usually just a sign that your period is about to begin. It can also be the result of light bleeding (mixed with normal discharge) after penetration.
5. Green or Yellow Vaginal Discharge
“If your discharge is foamy, itchy, yellow, or yellow-green in color, it can be a sign of an STD or other infection,” Cullins says. “A doctor or nurse can do exams to figure out whether your yellow discharge is caused by an infection or not,” Cullins says.
6. Foul-Smelling Vaginal Discharge with Pain
“Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an advanced infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, inside of the abdomen, and sometimes, ovaries. It can be accompanied by abdominal pain, pain during pelvic exam, pain during sex, and fever,” Cullins says. “It’s usually caused by untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea, but it can be caused by other infections as well. Sometimes PID causes bad-smelling vaginal discharge, but sometimes PID doesn’t cause any noticeable changes in your discharge, so if you have pain symptoms, don’t wait to see a doctor or nurse.”
7. Creamy Vaginal Discharge
This could be a sign that you might be pregnant. “During pregnancy most women have more and thicker discharge. Many women’s discharge becomes creamier in consistency,” Cullins says. “Vaginal infections can occur during pregnancy, so if something about your discharge doesn’t seem right, tell your prenatal care provider. They can figure out if what’s going on is normal or a possible problem.”
8. Heavy Vaginal Discharge
If it just seems like you have more vaginal discharge than usual, it may be due to your menstrual cycle. “It’s normal for the amount of vaginal discharge you have to vary from day to day, depending on where you are in your monthly cycle,” Cullins says. “Some days it might seem like you don’t have any, while other days your underwear might be wet with discharge all day. Other days you’ll be somewhere in between.”
9. Slippery, Clear Vaginal Discharge
This kind of discharge is usually a sign you’re turned on. “If you’re aroused, discharge tends to be more slippery and clear.” Cullins says. The clear fluid is called transudate, and it seeps through your vagina walls as blood flow increases to the area. Transudate makes sex comfortable and helps get sperm to eggs.
What to Do If You’re Concerned About Vaginal Discharge
If your discharge is out of the ordinary (cottage cheese-like, yellow, green, gray, or foul-smelling) or is accompanied by pain or vaginal itching, don’t hesitate to make an appointment with a gynecologist who can diagnose the issue and guide your treatment plan. “Stress and certain medications can cause changes in your vaginal discharge. If your discharge changes drastically or is accompanied by vaginal pain, bleeding during sex, or pain when you pee, talk to a doctor or nurse so they can make sure everything’s okay.”
If you do feel like something is wrong based on your discharge, do not douche. “Don’t douche or use over-the-counter cleansers inside your vagina” Dr. Cullins says. “Douching messes with your vagina’s natural cleaning system and isn’t a treatment for vaginal infections. In fact, douching can actually make certain infections worse.”
Related: I Have A Vaginal Disease That Affects Nearly a Third of All Women, But No One Is Talking About It
90,000 Green vaginal discharge: causes and treatment
Green vaginal discharge: causes and treatment
Vaginal discharge is an important indicator of the health of the female reproductive system. Depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle or the state of the microflora, their number, consistency and color may vary. We figure out in which cases the discharge in women turns green.
Green discharge in women: causes
Violations of the vaginal microflora can change the color, smell and consistency of the discharge, but the presence of accompanying symptoms (itching, burning, pain when urinating or during intercourse) must be taken into account.By itself, color is a weak diagnostic criterion.
The green color of vaginal discharge may indicate the presence of a bacterial infection: the darker it is, the more leukocytes are contained in the vaginal mucus. An increased number of leukocytes in the urethra and vagina is an indicator of an inflammatory process (colpitis, cervicitis, urethritis, endometritis, adnexitis, bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, or pelvic inflammatory disease).
Let’s take a closer look at the most common causes of green discharge in women.
Green discharge in women: bacterial vaginosis
The cause of bacterial vaginosis is a violation of the composition of the vaginal microflora: normal healthy bacteria (in particular, lactobacilli) are replaced by other, conditionally pathogenic microorganisms (for example, gardnerella).
Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are watery, white, grayish or greenish vaginal discharge with a fishy odor. However, about half of all women with bacterial vaginosis have no specific symptoms.
Antibiotics for bacterial vaginosis:
- Metronidazole tablets, gels or suppositories. You should not drink alcohol while taking it to avoid indigestion, abdominal pain and nausea.
- Clindamycin is often prescribed as a cream or suppository. It is best to avoid sex with latex condoms while using this semi-synthetic antibiotic (it reduces their strength).
- Tinidazole tablets can also cause nausea and stomach upset when combined with alcohol.
If a recurrence of bacterial vaginosis occurs within 3-12 months, a second course of metronidazole may be required.
Green discharge in women: trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by the simplest parasite – Trichomonas vaginalis. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis have an increased risk of preterm birth.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis may include profuse foul-smelling greenish or white discharge, redness, burning, itching in the vagina, pain when urinating.In men, symptoms of infection are less common.
Trichomoniasis is treated with metronidazole and tinidazole. Do not drink alcohol for 72 hours after taking the medicine, otherwise the patient will experience nausea and vomiting. Until a complete cure from sex, it is better to abstain
Green discharge in women: acute inflammation of the pelvic organs
Inflammatory infections of the pelvic organs (fallopian tubes, uterus, ovaries) can lead to severe damage to the female reproductive system.They are usually caused by various bacteria, including STI pathogens.
Symptoms of acute inflammation include yellow and green vaginal discharge, fever, lower abdominal pain, painful urination, pain during sex.
In mild cases, acute inflammation in women is treated with antibiotics, but surgery may be necessary if the disease develops. The surgeon removes the abscess to prevent the infection from spreading to other tissues and organs.
Green discharge in women: vulvovaginitis
Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vulva, vaginal mucosa and external genitalia. It can be caused by irritation caused by intimate hygiene products, tight clothing, or an allergic reaction to lubricant. Symptoms of vulvovaginitis include vaginal itching, greenish discharge, redness, and burning during urination.
Treatment of vulvovaginitis depends on its cause.If the causative agent of the disease is a bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed. Your doctor may also recommend a cream or ointment that will speed healing and soothe pain.
During treatment, regular warm baths without soap, cool compresses, wearing loose clothing that allows air to pass through and keeps the vulva dry are recommended.
Green discharge in women: chlamydia
Chlamydia is another common genital infection.It affects men and women of all age groups, but is often asymptomatic. If chlamydia nevertheless manifests itself, it is characterized by painful urination, pain in the lower abdomen, yellow or green discharge from the vagina or penis, painful intercourse in women, bleeding in the middle of the cycle, or spotting after sex.
Treat chlamydia with antibiotics – azithromycin, doxycycline, etc. The infection usually clears up in 1-2 weeks. During this time, it is better to refrain from intimacy.
Green vaginal discharge: gonorrhea
Among young adults, gonorrhea is one of the most common genital infections. The bacteria that cause it (gonococci) can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus. Therefore, it is possible to contract gonorrhea during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. A pregnant woman can also pass gonorrhea to her baby during childbirth.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in men and women are different:
- Gonorrhea in men may cause pain when urinating, a greenish-yellow or whitish discharge from the penis.
- In women, the early symptoms of gonorrhea are often mild. In the future, the infection can cause intermenstrual bleeding, pain when urinating, white, yellow, or green vaginal discharge. If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.
For the treatment of gonorrhea, doctors prescribe injections of ceftriaxone in combination with azithromycin or doxycycline. Even if the sexual partner of an infected person does not have any alarming symptoms, he still needs to be tested and treated.
Pathological vaginal discharge | The joy of health!
By the nature of the discharge, it is possible to assess the state of the organs of the female genital area. Healthy discharge is small, clear, odorless, and free of pain or itching. When the type of discharge changes, this indicates the presence of a pathological process in the organs of the female genital area.
You should be concerned if the discharge changes in consistency, acquires a strange color or odor, or changes its intensity.Often such discharge is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, itching, cutting in the perineum, irritation of the external genital organs, and discomfort during urination.
Types of vaginal discharge
Depending on the amount of mucus produced , pathological discharge is divided into scanty and abundant.
Lean is called a discharge that is not enough for the normal functioning of the vagina and external genital organs. The mucous membranes begin to dry out, crack.During intercourse, friction and pain are felt. Lean discharge is the result of hormonal changes due to age, endocrine disease, or the use of hormonal drugs.
A profuse discharge is a discharge that results in a constant sensation of moisture in the vagina. They are visible on underwear. Abundant discharge can be diagnosed in young women during ovulation in the middle of the menstrual cycle, they are transparent and do not have an unpleasant odor. During pregnancy, especially before childbirth, the discharge also becomes more abundant.This is a healthy discharge and should not be feared. If the consistency, volume, color or smell of the discharge changes, this indicates the onset of a pathological process.
According to the consistency of , the secretions differ into watery, slimy, curdled and frothy.
- Fluid discharge – watery and slimy – odorless and colorless. Watery discharge is noted in the middle of the cycle during ovulation, mucous membranes appear during intercourse and serve as a lubricant.
- Thick curdled discharge indicates the presence of a fungal infection. Doctors usually diagnose candidiasis. The discharge resembles liquid cottage cheese, they are not uniform in consistency.
- Foamy discharge indicates the presence of a bacterial infection. This is especially dangerous if they have an unpleasant odor or pronounced color. Foamy discharge is the hallmark of trichomoniasis.
The color of the discharge distinguishes between transparent (normal), white, bloody, yellow, green and brown:
- Transparent discharge is the norm.They are usually invisible on underwear and on the body.
- Thick white discharge indicates the presence of candidiasis (thrush). In a healthy state, white discharge may appear before childbirth.
- Bloody and brown discharge is the most dangerous, as it signals the presence of blood in the vagina. Normally, they are only during menstruation. When taking hormonal contraception, especially in the first months, the appearance of intermenstrual bloody discharge is permissible, this is normal and informs about the adaptation of the body to artificial hormones.In other cases, spotting indicates the presence of a serious pathology or the onset of bleeding.
- Yellow and green discharge indicate the presence of an infectious and inflammatory process.
By smell, they differentiate odorless discharge, with a sweetish odor, with a sour odor, with an unpleasant odor.
- The phrase “odorless discharge” is conditional, since all human discharge is characterized by some odor. In a healthy state, this smell is pleasant and subtle.It is individual for each person. Since a person feels it constantly, he eventually ceases to feel it. If a woman does not smell the discharge, it can be said that it is odorless discharge.
- A discharge with a sweetish or sour odor is most often indicative of thrush. Candida fungi use sugar for food, love it, and live in a sugar-rich environment.
- Foul-smelling discharge is caused by a bacterial infection. They often smell like stale fish.Anaerobic bacteria give the characteristic fish smell. The stronger the smell, the stronger the infection.
Reasons for the appearance of pathological discharge
Alas, but many pathological processes pass without symptoms, only a gynecological examination and laboratory tests can show their presence.
Several factors can influence the type of discharge in a healthy woman. This is stress, climate change, taking hormonal drugs, taking strong drugs, allergic reactions.Personal hygiene can also affect the nature of the discharge.
There are some symptoms by which the disease can be tentatively identified. Of course, accurate diagnosis is possible only with a doctor after examination and laboratory diagnostics, but the appearance of some can give a more or less accurate picture of the disease.
White curdled discharge with a sweetish or sour odor indicates candidiasis . Other symptoms of candidiasis are:
- burning, itching in the vagina and external genitals;
- vaginal swelling after intercourse;
- Pain during urination and during intercourse.
Profuse yellow or bloody discharge with an unpleasant odor may report bacterial vaginitis . This is an inflammation of the vagina caused by a violation of the microflora. This means that local immunity cannot restrain the growth of pathogenic bacteria, they attack the cells of the vagina, and the inflammatory process begins. Typical symptoms of bacterial vaginitis:
- redness, itching and swelling of the genitals;
- pulling pains in the lower abdomen;
- painful intercourse;
- slight increase in body temperature;
- weakness and fatigue;
- Frequent urination.
Abundant frothy leucorrhoea with an unpleasant odor may indicate trichomoniasis . The causative agent of the disease is Trichomonas. The following symptoms are also observed:
- irritation of the genitals and inner thighs;
- Erosion of the mucous membranes of the intimate zone;
- pain when urinating;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
A uniform, yellow-green discharge with an unpleasant odor may be a sign of gonorrhea .It is an acute infectious disease caused by gonococcus and is sexually transmitted. The symptoms of gonorrhea are:
- itching and pain in the urethra and vagina;
- increase in body temperature;
- Separation of pus from the vagina;
- Frequent painful urination;
- enlargement and tenderness of the lymph nodes;
- Appetite disturbance.
Serous-purulent discharge with blood often indicates the presence of cyst in the uterus or its appendages.Symptoms of a cyst, in addition to bloody discharge, are:
- discomfort in the vagina;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- pain during intercourse;
- increase in menstrual flow;
- violation of the menstrual cycle;
- Soreness of menstruation.
Bright yellow and green discharge in abundant quantities with a very unpleasant odor indicates endometritis . This is inflammation of the uterus caused by bacteria or injury.Endometritis symptoms:
- acute pain in the abdomen, in the lower part of it;
- Temperature rise with chills;
- increased heart rate;
- painful urination;
- enlargement of the uterus caused by tissue inflammation;
- profuse and painful periods;
Brown discharge with delayed menstruation can inform about the pathological course of pregnancy, for example, about ectopic pregnancy .You can judge the likelihood of this pathology by the following symptoms:
- absence of menstruation;
- Acute or cramping pain in the lower abdomen, usually on the side;
- toxicosis and other signs of pregnancy.
This is a very serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. Even if the pregnancy is uterine, but there is bloody discharge, you should immediately consult a doctor, as this is a sign of a threat of termination of pregnancy.
In any case, when unhealthy discharge appears, very careful hygiene is required, since many pathological discharge corrodes the skin of the genitals. Sometimes the doctor prescribes baths with medicinal solutions and douching.
There are many alternative methods of treating discharge. They sometimes help, but sometimes they can blur the clinical picture and complicate the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. In no case should foreign objects be introduced into the vagina, as some folk recipes advise.This can harm the microflora and injure the already irritated vaginal mucosa. Therefore, even traditional methods should be used only on the recommendation of a doctor.
odorless, odorless, greenish, yellow-green from the vagina
Discharge of varying intensity and consistency is rejected by a woman’s body almost throughout her life. In fact, they are an indicator, thanks to which you can independently monitor the health of the reproductive system. The physiological norm is light, almost transparent and mucous discharge, the intensity of which varies depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle.But what if a woman noticed green vaginal discharge? Can this process be physiological or does the phenomenon indicate the presence of pathology? What does the appearance of yellow cheesy blotches in leucorrhoea mean? Let’s figure it out together.
Causes of green vaginal discharge
Green discharge in women often indicates the presence of an inflammatory process that has turned into a chronic stage. Turning to a gynecologist with similar symptoms, many women are interested in where the “green” comes from in the mucous fluid.What is it? Pus? Not always. You can talk about pus if a woman’s discharge is light yellow or light green. An exceptionally green pigment is formed in the rejected substance due to the presence of a huge number of leukocytes. A similar phenomenon characterizes an acute inflammatory process in the structure of the genital organs: ovaries, cervix, fallopian tubes or, directly, in the vagina.
Experts identify several factors that provoke greenish discharge in women.The catalyst is both infections that hit the reproductive system and changes in the work of the whole organism against the background of hormonal surges. Here are some of the main reasons a woman’s vagina may have green or yellowish clots:
One of the most common causes of a greenish discharge in women. Experts say that this disease is directly related to an imbalance in the vaginal microflora.Such deviation can be provoked by:
- sexually transmitted diseases or imbalance of microflora in a sexual partner;
- non-observance of the principles of intimate hygiene;
- vitamin deficiency;
- frequent use of antibiotics;
- constant stress.
Discharge with pus
Due to the increase in opportunistic bacteria, gardnerella predominates in the vaginal microflora. The physiological norm in a woman’s reproductive system is based on the predominance of lactic acid bacteria.Pathological abnormalities are diagnosed with an increase in the microflora of other microorganisms. Gardnerellosis, which develops in parallel with bacterial vaginosis, is characterized by white-green discharge.
It should be noted that this disease is diagnosed not only due to a change in the color pigment of the mucus-like liquid, but also the appearance of an unpleasant odor, temperature and burning sensation in the groin area. Many women familiar with the disease note that the discharge smells like stale, rotten fish.Such a sharp aroma is not to be confused with anything.
Bacterial vaginosis requires immediate treatment as soon as the first symptoms appear. Pain during urination, temperature and discomfort in the genital tract during coitus, characterize the transition of the disease to the chronic stage. Experts note that the treatment of the disease is divided into several stages. The first involves a woman taking a course of antibiotics, the second includes a point effect using ointments and gels that restore microflora.
A similar disease can be diagnosed exclusively in laboratory conditions. Gynecologists advise taking tests as soon as a woman noticed the appearance of odorless greenish discharge, accompanied by a burning sensation in the groin area.
Green discharge Purulent with cervicitis
Colpitis and vaginitis
These acute inflammations in the organs of the woman’s reproductive system are characterized by the presence of yellow-green discharge from the vagina.Such diseases, with improper treatment or, at all, ignoring, can lead to serious complications associated with the addition of various infectious diseases that affect the reproductive system of a woman.
Green discharge and itching in the perineum characterize acute salpingitis and adnexitis. In addition to the presence of an atypical color component in mucous secretions, which are rejected in large quantities, a sharp increase in body temperature is referred to the symptomatology of diseases.Such abundant greenish discharge from the vagina often has a curdled consistency and is amenable to treatment only in stationary conditions.
Green, odorless, cheesy discharge in women may indicate a complicated course of thrush. This stage is fraught with serious complications affecting the work of the entire reproductive system. Experts say that in this case it is better to be treated in a hospital setting. At the end of the antibiotic course, women are recommended long-term maintenance therapy.
Green discharge during pregnancy and after childbirth
Odorless yellow-green discharge from the vagina, often observed in patients during gestation. This phenomenon is associated with general hormonal changes in the body. As you know, the perinatal period is accompanied by a depletion of the immune system, and this can only mean one thing: the risk of being affected by various infections increases.
Discharge of green color, regardless of the cause of its occurrence, is not the norm and requires an immediate appeal to the gynecologist observing the woman.Sharp pains in the lower abdomen, accompanied by yellowish blotches in fluids rejected by the body, indicate an infectious lesion of the urinary tract.
Discharge that is green for women who have gone through a cesarean section, according to statistics, is not uncommon. This phenomenon is associated with incomplete cleansing of the uterus. When diagnosing a similar symptom in yourself, you must immediately contact a specialist and go through the scraping procedure.Explore in more detail the characteristics of normal postpartum discharge and the signs of pathology.
Other causes of green secretion
Sometimes symptoms disappear as suddenly as they occur. Experts say that in this case we can talk about a short-term hormonal failure. A similar phenomenon occurs when severe stressful situations arise in a woman’s life and the symptoms in the form of green mucous fluids that are rejected by the vagina can be eliminated by taking sedatives.To prevent this reaction of the body, it is necessary to take special, “female” hormone-containing drugs for a long time.
It is extremely difficult to isolate the cause of the appearance of green mucus-like clots solely on the basis of the anamnesis provided by the patients. Gynecologists recommend, before visiting a specialist, to pass general tests, including the level of hormones.
It is possible to study the consistency and color pigmentation of the secretions in more detail using the photographic materials posted on the site.
Preventing green vaginal discharge
Preventing a problem is much easier than fixing it. A few simple rules, familiar to every woman and recommended by gynecologists, will help maintain the normal microflora of the vagina and avoid the development of the inflammatory process, complicated by the presence of green mucous fluids rejected by the body.
- Gynecologists recommend washing the perineum after each visit to the toilet.Especially during menstruation. This procedure is recommended to be carried out using decoctions of chamomile, string or calendula.
- Do not overuse intimate hygiene gels containing artificial fragrances. The consumer cannot know what is included in the composition of cosmetics.
- Give preference to baby soap or special preparations for intimate hygiene aimed at maintaining the vaginal microflora and stabilizing the Ph level.
- Change your pads as often as possible during your period and keep tampons to a minimum.Such intimate hygiene products do not remove “bad” blood from the vagina, but, on the contrary, concentrate it in it.
- Do not neglect contraception, especially when changing sexual partners.
- Avoid frequent douching. Regular intervention of this kind is a prime example of the postulate: “Often to heal, it is the same as to cripple.” Why? The answer is simple. Systematic douching “washes away” not only pathogenic bacteria, but also the natural microflora of the vagina, which means that the physiological barrier that prevents the development of infectious diseases is “erased”.Gynecologists note that odorless yellow-green discharge, most often, appears in women who practice this procedure too often.
Treatment of green vaginal discharge
Having diagnosed the appearance of leucorrhoea with characteristic light green or green-yellow blotches, a woman should immediately consult a doctor. To establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe drugs for subsequent treatment, the gynecologist must prescribe a number of tests, including a scraping from the vagina.You can donate biomaterials to both public and private laboratories, at the discretion of the patient. Based on the results obtained, the specialist will prescribe a course of medications, which may include supportive herbal therapy.
Talking about traditional therapy, there are several drugs that can quickly get rid of the green mucus-like clots rejected by the vagina. These include:
- Various topical ointments that restore the vaginal microflora.
Many experts argue that it is possible to cure diseases that lead to the appearance of green blotches in fluids rejected by the vagina at an early stage, possibly with the help of treatment fees. The most widespread in gynecology received:
- complex herbal collection – Matryona’s Decoction;
- decoctions of oak bark;
- tinctures and decoctions of St. John’s wort;
- trays for the groin area with extracts of evergreen plants: needles, eucalyptus, pine;
- Nettle juice, taken internally;
- Douching the vagina with a decoction of blueberry leaves;
- Douching the genital tract with dry mistletoe leaves;
- Vaginal douching with a decoction of crushed plum root.
Before using any medicines related to both traditional and traditional medicine, be sure to consult a specialist!
Yellow vaginal discharge in women | Discharge with a smell and without yellowish color
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Date of last update: 04/19/2021
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Types of yellow discharge
Possible causes of heavy yellow discharge
What to do if yellow discharge appears
Slight white or light yellow discharge in women during the intermenstrual period refers to the normal variant, unless there are other signs (pain, pain during urination, redness of the mucous membrane).Leucorrhoea cleanses the genital tract from dead epithelium and microorganisms, maintains normal vaginal microbiocenosis. But a change in the color of natural secretions can indicate various disorders in the body, including infectious and inflammatory processes and sexually transmitted diseases.
Types of yellow discharge
Non-abundant, odorless or with it . Moderate, slightly yellow discharge in women, not accompanied by redness of the vulva, itching and burning, may be considered normal.Intermenstrual leucorrhoea is actually light, but it has a slightly yellowish tinge on the panty liner. An abundant, odorless yellow discharge in women increases slightly in the middle of the cycle (during ovulation) and a few days before menstruation. During this period, it is necessary to carefully monitor the quality of personal hygiene, use thin pads.
Abundant with or without foul odor . Such discharge indicates the development of the inflammatory process in the organs of the reproductive system.A woman may complain of burning, itching in the vulva and other unpleasant symptoms. The discharge may have a pungent odor and a yellowish-green tint.
Possible causes of heavy yellow discharge
Vaginosis . The disease usually occurs in women of reproductive age. The disease is based on a non-inflammatory process, in which the number of representatives of lactoflora decreases and the number of anaerobic microorganisms increases. Vaginosis can occur with little or no symptoms.A characteristic symptom is an unpleasant, yellow, fishy-smelling vaginal discharge.
Colpit . The disease is based on inflammation of the vaginal walls with the appearance of itching, burning, signs of an acute inflammatory process, which can pass to the uterus and appendages, causing reproductive disorders. A symptom of colpitis is a white or yellow vaginal discharge with a rather unpleasant odor.
Inflammation of the ovaries and fallopian tubes .The inflammatory process in the appendages can occur as a result of urogenital infections, hypothermia. Inflammation of the tubes and ovaries is accompanied by intense pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, the appearance of yellow vaginal discharge. Breakthrough uterine bleeding is possible.
Sexually transmitted diseases . Sexually transmitted diseases pose a serious threat to women’s health. They often lead to inflammation of the appendages, the formation of adhesions and the development of infertility.Sexually transmitted diseases are accompanied by pathological yellow discharge with an odor, pronounced swelling of the vulva, painful urination, itching and burning in the perineum and genitals.
What to do if yellow discharge appears
Abundant white-yellow and yellow discharge with or without odor is the reason for contacting a gynecologist or venereologist. Regardless of the diagnosis (thrush, ovarian inflammation, etc.) and the prescribed treatment, a woman should pay special attention to intimate hygiene.For easier daily care, CAREFREE® thin pads can be used to keep your laundry clean and feeling fresh. Delicate panty liners are securely attached to the underwear, quickly absorb secretions, leaving no discomfort in the intimate area.
Vaginal discharge – causes, diseases, diagnosis, prevention and treatment – Likar24
Vaginal discharge may be physiological or pathological. Although abnormal vaginal discharge often prompts women to look for sexually transmitted infections, vaginal discharge does not always predict the presence of an STI.
Vaginal discharge is generally not a cause for concern if it is:
- do not have a strong or unpleasant odor;
- transparent or white;
- sticky and slippery structure.
Vaginal discharge is most often normal and regular. However, there are certain types of secretions that can indicate an infection.
Vaginal discharge can appear at any age.
There are several types of vaginal discharge. These types are classified based on their color and sequence. Some types of discharge are normal. Others may indicate an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.
Sometimes unusual discharge requiring increased attention may be combined with the following other symptoms:
- abdominal pain;
- frequent urination.
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Any change in the balance of normal vaginal bacteria can affect the odor, color, or texture of the discharge. Some of the factors that can upset this balance are:
- use of antibiotics or steroids;
- Bacterial vaginosis, a bacterial infection, is more common in pregnant women or women with multiple sex partners;
- birth control pills;
- cervical cancer;
- chlamydia or gonorrhea, sexually transmitted infections;
- perfumed soaps or lotions;
- pelvic inflammatory disease;
- Trichomoniasis, a parasitic infection caused by having unprotected sex
- vaginal atrophy, thinning and drying out of the vaginal walls during menopause;
- fungal infections.
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90,023 vaginitis, irritation in or around the vagina;
Vaginal discharge during pregnancy is thin, white, milky and soft. During pregnancy, the amount of discharge also increases. However, during perimenopause and menopause, the amount of discharge decreases due to low estrogen levels.
Factors that can lead to a decrease in estrogen levels cause little or no vaginal discharge:
- drugs or hormones used in the treatment of breast cancer, endometriosis, fibroids or infertility;
- radiation therapy in the pelvic area;
- severe stress, depression or intense exercise.
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When you see a doctor because you suspect an abnormal discharge, you should have a physical exam, including a pelvic exam. The doctor should ask several questions about your symptoms, your menstrual cycle, and your sexual activity. In many cases, the infection can be detected by physical examination.
If a doctor cannot quickly diagnose a problem, he or she may conduct certain tests. Your doctor will take a swab from your cervix to check for HPV or cervical cancer.The discharge can also be examined under a microscope to determine the infectious factor.
If the nature of your discharge has changed, that is: it has become cloudy, yellowish or greenish, an unpleasant “fishy” smell, itching, discomfort in the external genital area, you should immediately contact a specialist.
You need to make an appointment with the gynecologist:
- will examine the gynecological chair,
- will take a smear on the microflora from the vagina,
- and will also conduct a survey for sexually transmitted infections.
Analyzes are carried out within 1-2 days.
After receiving the tests, you will be prescribed a course of treatment, depending on the identified disease.
Usually, the course of treatment occurs within 10-14 days. After that, you will need to come for a second examination by a gynecologist for control tests.
Slightly whitish discharge, especially at the beginning or end of the menstrual cycle, is normal.However, if they are itchy and have a firm texture or a curd-like appearance, they are not normal and treatment is necessary. This could be a sign of a fungal infection.
Clear and watery discharge
Clear and watery discharge is normal. This can happen at any time of the month. They are especially evident after physical training.
Transparent and viscous discharge
When the discharge is clear but elastic and mucoid rather than watery, it means you are probably ovulating.This is a normal type of discharge.
Brown or bloody discharge
Brown or spotting is usually normal, especially when it occurs during or immediately after the menstrual cycle.
If spotting occurs outside of your period and you recently had unprotected intercourse, it could be a sign of pregnancy. Discharge of blood during the early phase of pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage, so be sure to discuss this with your gynecologist.
In rare cases, brown or bloody discharge may be a sign of endometrial or cervical cancer. There may be other problems, such as fibroids or other abnormal growths. This is why it is important to have an annual pelvic exam. During these procedures, your gynecologist will check for cervical abnormalities.
Yellow or green discharge
Yellow or green discharge, especially if thick, with an unpleasant odor, is not normal.This type of discharge can be a sign of trichomoniasis. It is often spread through unprotected intercourse.
Normal vaginal discharge is a healthy bodily function. This is your body’s way of cleaning and protecting your vagina. However, abnormal vaginal discharge is usually caused by an infection:
Bacterial vaginosis is a fairly common bacterial infection. It causes increased vaginal discharge, which has a strong, unpleasant and sometimes fishy odor, although in some cases it does not produce any symptoms.Women who have oral sex or have multiple sex partners are at increased risk of getting this infection.
Trichomoniasis is another type of infection that spreads through sexual contact, but it can also result from exchanging towels or swimwear. It produces yellow or green discharge that has an unpleasant odor. Pain, inflammation, and itching are also common symptoms, although some people don’t experience any symptoms.
Fungal infection or candidiasis
Yeast infection is a fungal infection that provokes the formation of white, curd discharge and symptoms: burning and itching. The presence of fungi in the vagina is normal, but vaginal growth may increase in certain situations. Here are some factors that can increase the chances of fungal infections growing:
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Gonorrhea and chlamydia
Gonorrhea and chlamydia are sexually transmitted infections that can lead to abnormal discharge. Often yellow or green.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that is often sexually transmitted. This happens when bacteria spreads to the vagina and other reproductive organs.This can lead to an unpleasant odor in the discharge.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) or cervical cancer
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is spread through sexual contact. This can lead to cervical cancer. Although characteristic symptoms may be absent. This cancer can cause bloody, brown, or watery discharge with a foul odor. Cervical cancer can be easily analyzed with annual swabs and HPV testing.
For any manifestation of abnormal vaginal discharge, you need to contact your gynecologist. He, thanks to diagnostic methods, will be able to correctly diagnose and begin treatment.
The doctor will review your medical history and ask about your symptoms. Questions during the examination:
- When the discharge started;
- what is the color of the discharge;
- Whether the discharge has an odor;
- Whether you have itching, pain, or burning around your vagina;
- How many sexual partners do you have.
The doctor will take a swab and do a test to collect cells from the cervix for further examination.
To prevent infection, practice good hygiene and wear breathable, non-synthetic, cotton underwear. Avoid using scented shower gels and soaps, as they can degrade the acid balance in your vagina, killing beneficial bacteria. Use condoms during intercourse.
Here are some tips for preventing vaginal infections that can lead to abnormal discharge:
- Keep your vagina clean by regularly washing with gentle, mild soap and warm water.
- Never use scented soaps. Also avoid female sprays.
- Wear 100% cotton underwear, avoid clothing that is too tight.
- Use condoms during sex.
90,000 green discharge during pregnancy – 25 recommendations on Babyblog.ru
Found it on the Internet !.
Transparent, stretching, mucous discharge, similar to egg white, often abundant – the period before ovulation, the norm.
White mucous discharge or transparent mucous discharge with white streaks at the end of the cycle, before menstruation – cervical erosion, cervicitis (inflammation of the cervical canal). Mucous discharge is somehow associated with the cervix.
Creamy or jelly-like scanty discharge – second half of the cycle. Norm.
Creamy or jelly-like intensifying discharge – the last days of the cycle. Norm.
Transparent, white or slightly yellowish discharge in clots – in the first hours after unprotected intercourse, when sperm enters the vagina, the norm.
Abundant white liquid discharge in the morning after unprotected intercourse is the norm.
Creamy white scanty discharge after intercourse with a condom or without ejaculation in the vagina – “worked” vaginal lubrication, the norm.
Brown spotting spotting at the end of the cycle before menstruation (daub) – a pathological process in the uterus (endometriosis, polyp or endometrial hyperplasia, etc.)
Brown spotting spotting (daub), long after menstruation – a pathological process in the uterus (endometriosis , polyp or endometrial hyperplasia, etc.)
Brown spotting spotting during pregnancy (spotting) – an old detachment of the ovum or placenta that existed a few days or even a week ago.
Cinnamon discharge (daub) in the first months of taking hormonal contraceptives – a variant of the norm.
Scarlet spotting a few days before menstruation – cervical erosion, endocervicitis.
Scarlet spotting, intensifying – the beginning of menstruation, the first day. Norm.
Scarlet bloody streaks in the middle of the cycle – it happens soon after ovulation, a variant of the norm.
Scarlet spotting during pregnancy – detachment of the ovum or placenta, the threat of termination of pregnancy.
Scarlet spotting after intercourse – microcracks in the vagina formed during intercourse, cervical erosion, cervicitis.
White curdled or kefir-like discharge, white films or plaque between the labia majora and labia minora, on the clitoris, usually in combination with a bread or sour-milk smell – thrush (candidiasis).
White or slightly greenish, exfoliating films of discharge, usually in combination with a fishy odor – vaginal dysbiosis (gardnerellosis)
Yellow or green bubbling discharge – a sexually transmitted infection (trichomoniasis, etc.)
Yellow or greenish profuse discharge – acute bacterial infection in the vagina, acute adnexitis (inflammation of the ovaries), acute salpingitis (inflammation in the fallopian tubes).
Yellow or greenish scanty discharge – bacterial infection in the vagina, erosion of the cervix, chronic adnexitis (inflammation of the ovaries), chronic salpingitis (inflammation in the fallopian tubes)
Sucrose, discharge like diluted blood, like “meat slops” – lochia after childbirth, norm
Sukrovitsa, discharge like diluted blood, like “meat slops”, but with an unpleasant odor, usually before and after menstruation – chronic endometritis, chronic endocervicitis.
Liquid, watery discharge that becomes dirty on the pad, before and after menstruation – chronic endometritis, chronic endocervicitis.
Liquid, whitish discharge, similar to milk, during pregnancy, usually intensifies with increasing age – the norm if it does not irritate the external genitals and does not have an unpleasant odor.
Constant, not changing during the cycle of discharge, with the exception of the period of menstruation, occurs when a woman takes hormonal contraceptives or suffers from infertility and does not have inflammatory processes in the vagina.
Discharge in large clots during menstruation – bending of the cervix, impaired blood clotting – a tendency to thrombosis, hypovitaminosis of B vitamins, pathological process in the uterus (polyp, endometriosis, myoma). Also, similar discharge occurs if a woman
has an intrauterine device.
Green, thick, in combination with mucus, intensifying from stress, after defecation – purulent cervicitis
And most importantly, the appearance of any pathological discharge that bothers you is a reason to consult a doctor who will establish the cause and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Vaginal discharge: normal or pathological
As for women, it is normal for them to have vaginal discharge. They moisturize the vaginal walls and protect the genitals from infection. As for 10-12 year old girls, they should not have vaginal discharge, because their hormonal levels are too low, and their glands are not functioning yet.
Before the onset of menstruation in girls (about a year before), the discharge of leucorrhoea from the vagina begins, which indicates hormonal changes in their body.The discharge should be creamy and uniform, without an unpleasant odor (or slightly sour smell).
It is clear that women’s discharge should not be painful, cause itching, swelling of the skin or other unpleasant sensations. This can only indicate pathology:
Trichomoniasis. Profuse white, greenish or pus-like, yellowish-brown discharge with an unpleasant odor, accompanied by itching and / or burning, painful urination.
Thrush (candidiasis). Itching and thick, profuse discharge, like lumps of yellowish curd. Exhausting intense itching of the genitals and irritation (redness, swelling) of the external genital organs.
Bacterial vaginosis. The amount of discharge increases significantly, the color of the discharge is grayish-white or yellowish, an unpleasant fishy odor appears. Symptoms are worse after intercourse.
Chlamydia. Characterized by yellow discharge, often accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, painful urination.
Gooreyan. Moderate, frothy, yellowish-white discharge, accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, pain during urination and, often, intermenstrual bleeding.
Colpitis. The discharge is varied: thin, watery, sometimes thick, purulent, often offensive, often mixed with blood.
Acute inflammation is accompanied by itching, burning sensation or heat in the genital area.
Oncological diseases of the internal genital organs are often accompanied by liquid, like water, copious secretions.
Discharge in the menstrual cycle
Each period of the menstrual cycle corresponds to a certain amount and structure of secretions:
The first phase of is characterized by scanty transparent vaginal discharge (up to 2 ml per day). Sometimes it can be a white vaginal discharge that has a watery or mucous structure.
During ovulation (middle of the menstrual cycle), the discharge may become more abundant, up to 4 ml per day.They acquire a mucous structure, become stringy, and the color of vaginal discharge sometimes becomes beige.
The number of secretions decreases in the second half of the cycle. They become sour or creamy (not always). Their number may increase again a couple of days before the onset of menstruation.
What contributes to a change in the nature and amount of discharge
The structure of vaginal discharge can change when a girl begins to have sex, as well as after a change of sexual partner.This is due to the fact that a new unfamiliar microflora enters the woman’s vagina, and the body adapts to it. Naturally, the occurrence of unpleasant sensations is evidence of pathologies, so it is better to seek medical advice.
A decrease in the abundance of vaginal discharge may begin as a result of taking hormonal drugs (contraceptives). Their number also changes during pregnancy, because the hormonal background of a woman is changing. In this case, the discharge becomes liquid and abundant.