Nausea heart palpitations: Nausea Or Vomiting And Palpitations (Fluttering In Chest)
Heart palpitations – Symptoms and causes
Heart palpitations (pal-pih-TAY-shuns) are feelings of having a fast-beating, fluttering or pounding heart. Stress, exercise, medication or, rarely, a medical condition can trigger them.
Although heart palpitations can be worrisome, they’re usually harmless. In rare cases, they can be a symptom of a more serious heart condition, such as an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), that might require treatment.
Heart palpitations can feel like your heart is:
- Skipping beats
- Fluttering rapidly
- Beating too fast
You might feel heart palpitations in your throat or neck as well as your chest. They can occur when you’re active or at rest.
When to see a doctor
Palpitations that are infrequent and last only a few seconds usually don’t need to be evaluated. If you have a history of heart disease and have palpitations that occur frequently or worsen, talk to your doctor. He or she might suggest heart-monitoring tests to see if your palpitations are caused by a more serious heart problem.
Seek emergency medical attention if heart palpitations are accompanied by:
- Chest discomfort or pain
- Severe shortness of breath
- Severe dizziness
Often the cause of your heart palpitations can’t be found. Common causes include:
- Strong emotional responses, such as stress, anxiety or panic attacks
- Strenuous exercise
- Stimulants, including caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, and cold and cough medications that contain pseudoephedrine
- Hormone changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy or menopause
- Too much or to little thyroid hormone
Occasionally heart palpitations can be a sign of a serious problem, such as an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia).
Heart rhythm changes (arrhythmias) might cause a very fast heart rate (tachycardia), an unusually slow heart rate (bradycardia), a normal heart rate that varies from the usual heart rhythm or combination of the three.
You might be at risk of developing palpitations if you:
- Are highly stressed
- Have an anxiety disorder or have regular panic attacks
- Are pregnant
- Take medicines that contain stimulants, such as some cold or asthma medications
- Have an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
- Have other heart problems, such as an arrhythmia, a heart defect, previous heart attack or previous heart surgery
Unless a heart condition is causing your heart palpitations, there’s little risk of complications. For palpitations caused by a heart condition, possible complications include:
- Fainting. If your heart beats rapidly, your blood pressure can drop, causing you to faint. This might be more likely if you have a heart problem, such as congenital heart disease or certain valve problems.
- Cardiac arrest. Rarely, palpitations can be caused by life-threatening arrhythmias and can cause your heart to stop beating effectively.
- Stroke. If palpitations are due to a condition in which the upper chambers of the heart quiver instead of beating properly (atrial fibrillation), blood can pool and cause clots to form. If a clot breaks loose, it can block a brain artery, causing a stroke.
- Heart failure. This can result if your heart is pumping ineffectively for a prolonged period due to an arrhythmia, such as atrial fibrillation. Sometimes, controlling the rate of an arrhythmia that’s causing heart failure can improve your heart’s function.
When to Worry About Heart Palpitations
Believing that something could be wrong with your heart is a scary feeling. Heart palpitations can make you fear the worst, but palpitations are actually quite common and usually nothing to worry about.
However, that’s not to say that you should ignore them completely. Rarely, they could be a sign of a more serious condition like AFib. Knowing when to worry about heart palpitations can help you catch certain conditions early so that you can seek treatment.
What are Heart Palpitations?
Have you ever felt your heart skip a beat or flutter in your chest? If so, you’ve experienced heart palpitations. A broad medical term, the term “palpitation” can mean many different things, including:
- Feeling like your heart is beating too quickly
- Feeling your heart thump in your chest
- A heartbeat that feels irregular/out of rhythm/skips a beat
Any sensation that makes you aware of your heart beating is a type of palpitation. You can even feel these sensations in your throat or neck.
If you’re worried that your heart palpitations are the result of a heart problem, here’s some good news – most palpitations are not caused by heart-related issues. Instead, they are commonly triggered by:
- Stimulants (caffeine)
- Nicotine withdrawal
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Low blood sugar
How to Reduce Heart Palpitations at Home
For the most part, palpitations caused by non-heart related triggers can be treated with simple home remedies.
For example, if you only feel your heart race when you’re anxious or stressed, relaxation techniques like meditation and deep breathing could be the key to reducing these palpitations.
Likewise, a thumping heart caused by stimulant use can be calmed by reducing your intake of tobacco products and caffeine. If you’re taking any medication, tell your doctor about the palpitations you’re experiencing to find out if your medication could be causing them.
Hydration and diet play a big role, too. Being dehydrated or having low levels of potassium can also trigger heart palpitations. If you have low blood sugar, eating too many carbohydrate-rich foods and processed sugars can increase your likelihood of experiencing palpitations.
When to See a Doctor
Nearly everyone will experience heart palpitations at some point. A majority of the time, they’ll be completely benign (not harmful). Other times, it could be your heart trying to tell you that something’s wrong.
You should call your doctor if your heart palpitations last longer than a few seconds at a time or occur frequently.
If you’re healthy, you don’t need to worry about brief heart palpitations that only happen every now and then. That being said, it’s still a good idea to monitor your palpitations and keep track of how often they happen and how long they last. They when, when you do visit your doctor, it will be easier for them to make an accurate diagnosis.
When to Call an Ambulance
If a person’s heart palpitations are accompanied by:
- Loss of consciousness
- Chest pain
- Upper body pain
- Shortness of breath
- Unusual sweating
These are possible warning signs of a heart attack or other serious heart condition that requires immediate medical attention. Call 911 or your local emergency number – it’s always better to be safe than sorry.
Serious Causes of Heart Palpitations
Sometimes, heart palpitations are a sign of a serious type of arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) such as AFib or ventricular tachycardia (VT), or even heart failure.
Atrial fibrillation, or AFib, is a common condition that causes the upper chambers of the heart (the atria) to quiver irregularly instead of beating at a regular pace. This makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood to your lower chambers (ventricles) and out to the rest of your body. As your blood flow slows down, your risk of forming dangerous clots increases.
Untreated, AFib can increase a person’s risk of stroke 5-fold, so being able to recognize the early warning signs is important. However, because the disorder affects people in so many different ways, it is notoriously difficult to diagnose.
Common risk factors include:
- Age (adults 65+ are most at risk)
- High blood pressure
- A family history of AFib
- Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
- A history of heart disease or previous heart surgery
You should ask your doctor about testing for AFib if you:
- Have a high risk of AFib based on the factors above
- Experience fluttering heart palpitations that last longer than a minute at a time
- Have palpitations accompanied by dizziness/fainting/shortness of breath
Detected early, AFib can be treated with medication, ablation surgery, or a pacemaker.
Ventricular tachycardia, or VT, is a rare but serious type of arrhythmia that causes the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles) to beat too quickly. Like AFib, VT can result in dizziness and shortness of breath.
If the heart is unable to pump blood effectively, heart failure can occur. Heart palpitations on their own are not a sign of heart failure – instead, they are just one of many symptoms that can occur. Some patients experiencing heart failure may not even experience palpitations at all.
According to the American Heart Association, some of the most common symptoms include:
- Fluid build-up in the lungs
- Rapid heartbeat
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath
However, keep in mind that heart failure symptoms vary from person to person, and women often experience different symptoms than men.
Don’t Panic (But Don’t Ignore the Signs, Either)
At the end of the day, most heart palpitations are as harmless as hiccups. If you are otherwise healthy and only experience them from time to time, you have no reason to panic.
However, while heart palpitations are usually not dangerous, it’s still in your best interest to get your symptoms checked by a cardiologist if the problem persists. And if your palpitations are accompanied by other symptoms, such as dizziness or weakness, it could be a sign of a more serious condition that shouldn’t be ignored.
Meet Dr. Andrea Tordini, Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiologist at Florida Medical Clinic
Still not sure when to worry about heart palpitations or what could be causing them?
As an abnormal heart rhythm specialist, Dr. Andrea Tordini helps patients in Tampa, Florida, relieve their symptoms and improve their quality of life. Dr. Tordini specializes in the management of abnormal heart rhythms. Her areas of expertise include: atrial fibrillation ablation and management, evaluation and management of syncope and symptoms related to slow heart rhythms, pacemaker and cardiac defibrillator implantation, as well as the management of heart failure through cardiac resynchronization therapy.
Dr. Andrea Tordini focuses on providing her patients with optimal, personalized care in order to relieve symptoms related to heart rhythm abnormalities, and improve the quality and longevity of life.
To learn more about Dr. Tordini’s personalized approach to heart care, request an appointment here.
Disclaimer: This post is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a licensed medical professional.
Arrhythmia | Heart and Stroke Foundation
Types of arrhythmia
Arrhythmias are defined by the speed of the heartbeats: slow and fast. They include bradycardia and tachycardia, with a variety of conditions under those two categories.
1. Slow heartbeat – bradycardia
Bradycardia occurs when your heart beats so slowly that it cannot pump enough blood for your body’s needs. Untreated bradycardia can cause excessive tiredness, dizziness, light-headedness or fainting. An electronic pacemaker can help the heart to beat normally.
Bradycardia can be caused by:
- Sick sinus syndrome
This is a malfunction in the heart’s natural pacemaker (the sinus node), which makes it fire too slowly. This condition may be caused by growing older or by disease. Some medications can also cause or aggravate a slow heartbeat. The resulting arrhythmia may be temporary or permanent. It can be treated with medication or with an electronic pacemaker.
- Heart block
This is the slowing down or interruption of the electrical signal to the lower chambers of the heart which cause the heart muscle to contract. The heart’s electrical system normally sends signals from the upper chambers of the heart (atria) to the lower chambers (ventricles) in a pattern that causes a heartbeat, a coordinated contraction of the heart muscle.
2. Rapid heartbeat – tachycardia
Tachycardia occurs when your heart beats too fast. There are two main types: Tachycardia above a ventricle and Tachycardia in a ventricle.
- Tachycardia above a ventricle (supraventricular)
These are rapid heartbeats in the atria (the top chambers of your heart) or in the AV (atrioventricular) node – the electrical connection between the atria and the ventricles (the lower chambers of your heart).
- Atrial flutter
In atrial flutter, an extra or early electrical impulse travels around and around the atria in a circular path rather than down along its normal path. This electrical signal causes the atria to “flutter,” contracting at a much higher rate than normal. Atrial flutter is usually not life threatening, but can cause chest pain, faintness or other more serious problems.
- Atrial fibrillation (Afib)
This common form of tachycardia occurs when the electrical activity in the atria is disorganized and very rapid. The pattern of electrical activity stimulates the atria randomly and at a high speed, which causes a series of very rapid contractions of the heart’s upper chambers, preventing them from pumping effectively. Though not usually life-threatening, the rapid, irregular and uncoordinated beating of the ventricles may cause light-headedness or palpitations. If it goes on for several days or longer, it may increase your risk of stroke, because blood trapped in the atria can clot and travel from your heart to your brain, causing a stroke.
- Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)
This type of tachycardia produces heart rates between 140 and 250 beats per minute. PSVT usually occurs in people who are born with an extra electrical circuit or pathway between the atria and the ventricles. PSVT often starts when you are young, but it may also start later in life. It may be distressing, but it is rarely life-threatening.
- Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) Syndrome
If you have WPW syndrome, an extra, abnormal electrical pathway in your heart leads to tachycardia. The abnormality is present at birth (congenital), but WPW is usually diagnosed in adolescence or early adulthood. Most people with WPW syndrome lead normal lives. Many have no symptoms and have no episodes of tachycardia. Some people experience rapid heartbeats (paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia), with heart rates rising up to 240 beats per minute. Other symptoms include palpitations, shortness of breath, fainting and possibly angina.
Tachycardia in a ventricle
- Ventricular tachycardia
Ventricular tachycardia occurs when the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart) beat too fast. The ventricles are responsible for pumping blood to the rest of the body. If tachycardia becomes so severe that the ventricles can’t pump effectively, it may be life threatening. Ventricular tachycardia can be treated with medications. Other treatments include an implantable defibrillator, catheter ablation, non-surgical procedures to destroy malfunctioning cells, or surgery to remove damaged heart tissue.
- Ventricular fibrillation
Incorrectly timed electrical signals or signals that do not follow normal pathways, may set off ventricular fibrillation. Like atrial fibrillation, the electrical signal that normally triggers a heartbeat splits and goes off on random paths around the ventricles instead of following its normal route. This causes a series of rapid – but ineffective – contractions of the ventricles. Without treatment, ventricular fibrillation may be fatal. Treatment is an electric shock to the heart, using a machine called a defibrillator. The shock resets the heart and returns it to its normal rhythm.
- Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS)
POTS makes it difficult to adjust to a standing position from a lying down position. People with POTS experience a rapid heartbeat that can increase up to 120 beats per minute within 10 minutes of standing. Other common symptoms include headaches, light-headedness, inability to exercise, extreme fatigue, sweating, nausea, chest discomfort, brain fog (mental clouding) and near fainting (syncope).
POTS commonly appears between the ages of 12 and 50 and typically affects more females than males. To diagnose POTS, your doctor will measure your blood pressure and heart rate while you’re lying down and standing up. Measurements are taken immediately after changing positions, as well as at 2, 5 and 10 minute intervals after standing up. POTS is frequently misdiagnosed as panic attacks or chronic anxiety. Sometimes a test called a head upright tilt table exam will be performed to help confirm the diagnosis.
Although POTS can be a severely debilitating disorder, many patients will slowly improve over time and the majority will respond to treatment.
Heart palpitations – Illnesses & conditions
There are a number of possible causes for heart palpitations. Some of the most common are covered below.
Lifestyle triggers can include:
Feeling nervous, anxious or excited
If this is the cause of your palpitations, it’s sensible to try to reduce your stress levels.
Try relaxation and deep breathing exercises.
Find out more about stress management
If you smoke, giving up is probably the greatest single step you can take to improve your health.
People in Scotland can get help to stop smoking by calling Quit Your Way Scotland free on 0800 84 84 84 (7 days, 8.00am to 10.00pm) or visiting our smoking section
Drinking large amounts of caffeine
If this is the cause of your palpitations, it’s sensible to try reducing your intake of caffeinated drinks such as tea, coffee, cola or energy drinks.
Using illegal or recreational drugs
Whether you’ve taken drugs, are thinking of taking them, or are just curious and want to know more, it’s important to know the real facts about drugs.
Find out more on the Know The Score website
Drinking too much alcohol
If you need help now about an alcohol related issue or you just want to chat to someone about your drinking, please contact Drinkline on 0800 7 314 314 (7 days, 8. 00am to 11.00pm).
More about drinking alcohol responsibly
For advice on how make healthy changes to your diet, visit Eat Better Feel Better.
If you experience palpitations regularly and you also have feelings of anxiety, stress and panic, you may be experiencing panic attacks.
Panic attacks can be very frightening and intense, but they are not dangerous. However, it may help if you discuss these with a health professional.
More about panic attacks
Less commonly, palpitations can be a side effect of some types of medicine, such as asthma inhalers or tablets for a thyroid problem.
This may be particularly noticeable if you have just started taking the medication.
Speak to your GP if you think medication may be responsible for your palpitations. Don’t stop taking a treatment without consulting your GP first.
Periods, pregnancy and the menopause
Sometimes the hormone changes that happen during a woman’s period, during pregnancy or around the menopause can cause palpitations.
These may only be temporary, and are often nothing to worry about.
The following conditions can make the heart beat faster, stronger or more irregularly, so can be a cause of heart palpitations:
- an overactive thyroid
- low blood sugar level
- anaemia (low red blood count)
- some types of low blood pressure
- dehydration (not enough fluid in the body)
- a heart problem
Heart specific problems
All palpitations should be discussed with your GP. They might want to do a few tests and ask you some questions to rule out heart problems, especially if you have had a heart problem in the past.
Some heart specific problems are covered below.
It could be found that you have a heart rhythm problem, also known as arrhythmia.
Your GP will be able to arrange for you to have an electrocardiogram (ECG) to assess your heart rate and rhythm. This may confirm whether there is a problem, and whether treatment is needed.
However, often the ECG is entirely normal especially if you aren’t having palpitations at the time. Further tests may then be needed, which can be done by your GP or by your local hospital.
Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm problem, affecting approximately 1,000,000 people in the UK.
It can cause episodes of a fast, irregular heart rate, which can feel like a persistent heart flutter, and you may feel dizzy, short of breath and extremely tired.
Atrial fibrillation is generally not life threatening, but can be uncomfortable and often needs treating.
Atrial fibrillation often requires medical assessment. Some people may need treatment to control the condition, particularly if they are at higher risk of developing a stroke.
Find out more about atrial fibrillation
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)
A similar heart rhythm problem, called supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), also causes episodes of an abnormally fast heart rate, but the heart rate is normally steady and not irregular.
Attacks of SVT are usually harmless and tend to settle on their own without treatment. However, if they are prolonged or you feel unwell or experience symptoms such as dizziness or shortness of breath, you should seek help from a doctor.
Heart palpitations: Causes, tests, and treatment
When a person has heart palpitations, they may notice that their heartbeat does not feel right. Often, it is not serious, but it can indicate a condition that needs medical attention.
People are not usually aware of their heartbeat, but sometimes, it comes to their notice. This may be because their heart is pounding too hard, too fast, too slow, or irregularly.
This article explores the causes of heart palpitations, how to test for them, and some treatment options for them.
People experience heart palpitations in different ways. Some common descriptions include:
- beating harder, faster, or irregularly
A person may feel a heart palpitation in the neck, throat, or chest. They may even feel them in the ear if they are lying down.
For some people, palpitations last for only a few seconds, while other people may experience them for minutes or hours at a time.
In many cases, palpitations are annoying but not serious. However, they can be a symptom of arrhythmia, and they may also be a warning sign of cardiac arrest.
For this reason, it is a good idea for people who experience heart palpitations to seek medical advice.
Many factors can trigger heart palpitations. Some common causes include physical or mental stress, anxiety, dehydration, and lack of sleep.
However, they can also indicate an underlying heart problem.
Palpitations can stem from a wide range of heart conditions. They are often linked to abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmia. However, this can also be a sign of an underlying condition.
A person may experience palpitations with the following:
- coronary artery disease
- heart valve problems, especially relating to the mitral valve
- structural heart problems that are present from birth
- cardiomyopathy, wherein the heart becomes enlarged
- ventricular tachycardia
- atrial fibrillation
It may also be a warning sign of heart failure or a heart attack, both of which can result from a range of structural and other issues.
Emotional factors that can trigger heart palpitations include:
- insomnia or lack of sleep
What is the link between anxiety and heart palpitations?
Certain medications can also trigger heart palpitations. These include:
- asthma inhalers
- thyroid hormone replacement medications
- antiarrhythmic medications
- some antifungal therapies
- some cough and cold medications
- some herbal or nutritional supplements
Certain underlying medical conditions may be the cause of heart palpitations. These include:
Lifestyle factors that may cause heart palpitations include:
- caffeine consumption (from tea, coffee, or energy drinks)
- alcohol consumption
- tobacco smoking
- strenuous exercise
- recreational drug use (cannabis, cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, or amphetamines)
- rich or spicy food consumption
Why do heart palpitations happen after eating?
Hormonal changes are another possible cause. Changes in hormone levels may result from:
- menstrual periods
- thyroid problems
Learn more about why heart palpitations happen here.
Many cases of heart palpitations are harmless. However, if they are a sign of an underlying heart condition, there can be serious complications.
These complications may include:
- fainting due to a fast heartbeat, wherein blood pressure simultaneously drops to a very low level
- stroke, which can lead to neurological damage
- supraventricular tachycardia, in which a rapid heart rate typically starts and ends abruptly
- atrial fibrillation, which can indicate ischemic stroke or underlying heart disease
- ventricular tachycardia (VT), wherein the heart rate reaches more than 100 beats per minute and is out of sync with the atria (upper heart chambers)
- ventricular fibrillation, which can result if VT goes untreated and which can be fatal
Heart palpitations can also be a symptom of heart failure, and they may precede cardiac arrest.
Heart palpitations usually pass quickly and are not serious, but it is a good idea to speak with a doctor if they occur.
In 2011, experts advised healthcare professionals to assess people for cardiovascular problems if they seek advice for palpitations.
Anyone with the following should contact their doctor if palpitations occur:
- a history of heart problems
- palpitations that worsen or do not improve
- other symptoms, such as chest pain
- other health concerns
Palpitations are unlikely to occur at the doctor’s office, but keeping a log of the following points may help with diagnosis:
- what the palpitations feel like
- how often they happen
- when they happen
Being able to answer some of the following questions may also help the doctor:
- During a palpitation episode, is the heart rate too fast or too slow, and is the rhythm regular or irregular?
- Is there lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, or chest pain?
- Do the palpitations tend to occur when a person is doing a particular activity? Is there a pattern?
- Do the palpitations start and stop suddenly or fade in and out?
The doctor will likely:
- ask about symptoms
- carry out a physical exam
- look at the individual’s medical history
- do a test using a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)
An ECG measures heart rate and rhythm parameters through electrical tracing.
Depending on the symptoms, the doctor may also do blood tests, an exercise stress test, and other investigations, such as asking the person to wear an arrhythmia monitor at home.
They may also refer the person to a cardiologist.
Not everyone with heart palpitations will need treatment. If they do, it will depend on the person’s symptoms and the cause and amount of palpitations they are experiencing.
If a person starts to have palpitations while taking certain medications, a doctor may recommend an alternative.
If tests reveal an underlying heart problem, the following treatments may help:
The doctor may prescribe antiarrhythmic drugs, such as beta-blockers or non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker therapy.
Beta-blockers slow the heart rate and reduce blood pressure.
A medical procedure
The following interventions may help manage severe heart palpitations:
During catheter ablation surgery, a cardiologist will thread an ablation device into the heart through a catheter that passes through a deep vein in the groin, neck, or chest.
The device causes scars to form over faulty electrical tracts in the heart. This can help correct the way in which electrical impulses travel through the heart.
This procedure involves sending an electrical shock into the chest wall to try to stabilize a person’s heart rhythm and rate. A doctor may choose this therapy to “reset” the electrical rhythm of the heart.
Implantable pacemaker or defibrillator placement
A pacemaker is a permanent cardiac device that monitors and treats electrical conditions of the heart.
Some people experience regular palpitations, which may be bothersome. To reduce these, a person can try the following:
- Find a comfortable position and relax.
- Deep breathing techniques may help.
- Blowing on the thumb or initiating the Valsalva maneuver can also help stop palpitations.
- Try to avoid panic, as this can worsen symptoms.
- It may help to loosen any tight clothing.
- Magnesium supplementation can also be useful. People can discuss this with a doctor.
Get some tips on how to stop heart palpitations here.
Often, lifestyle strategies can help reduce or stop non-serious palpitations. For example, people should try to reduce or avoid the following:
- any medications that may trigger palpitations
Other tips include:
- following a healthful diet
- getting enough sleep
- getting regular exercise
- doing yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, or tai chi to help manage stress
- avoiding known triggers or learning new ways to approach them
These measures may also help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Many people experience heart palpitations from time to time. They can be non-severe, and some people will not need treatment. However, they can also indicate an underlying health condition.
For this reason, people should seek help if the palpitations occur unexpectedly or often, if they have an existing heart condition, or if they have other symptoms.
Blog – Heart palpitations: When should you worry?
Last Updated on January 23, 2018
Last Reviewed By Richard R. McCurdy, Jr., MD, FACC
It seems as though almost everyone has heard a cautionary tale about heart health. An unrecognized symptom, an undetected heart condition, or pushing your heart to its maximum capacity during practice or time outdoors can all produce a dangerous, and sometimes fatal, result. Stories like these have prompted awareness about heart conditions and heart health, and have also helped to increase knowledge of which symptoms to keep an eye out for.
Heart palpitations, the feeling of a rapid, fluttering, pounding, or otherwise irregular heartbeat, is one of those symptoms. When these occur during physical activity or on particularly warm days, it’s a cue to slow or stop what you’re doing. However, heart palpitations aren’t exclusive to situations like these. Anyone can be affected by that feeling of a fluttering heart, which is why understanding the causes and concerns associated with it can help you determine whether or not to worry.
“Heart palpitations can be alarming, because your heartbeat feels abnormal,” explains Richard R. McCurdy Jr., MD, Lankenau Heart Institute cardiologist at Riddle Hospital, part of Main Line Health. “Fortunately, most palpitations are not dangerous and often can be explained by external factors.”
These external factors can include exercise, emotions like stress or anxiety, or increased amounts of nicotine or caffeine. Certain medications can also trigger heart palpitations, including inhalers for asthma and over the counter cold treatments, so talk to your doctor about the potential side effects of your medications if you’re concerned.
Typically, when heart palpitations are caused by factors like these, it will feel as though your heart is pumping faster or harder than usual or you will notice skipped or fluttering heartbeats. These symptoms are usually felt in your chest, but can also be felt in the throat or neck, so don’t be alarmed if you notice symptoms in these places, as well.
However, if these palpitations last longer than a few seconds, or are associated with other symptoms, there may be some underlying medical concerns. If your palpitations are accompanied by dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath, or chest pain, you should seek medical attention.
“Palpitations can be caused by a wide range of abnormal heart rhythms. Some of these are actually relatively common and not dangerous at all. These palpitations will be very short, no more than a couple seconds, and not accompanied by any other symptoms. However, when palpitations last a few minutes or more, or are combined with other symptoms, that’s when it has the potential to be a bigger issue. It could mean that you are at risk for complications like heart failure or cardiac arrest,” says Dr. McCurdy.
Although results like these are rare, it’s important to understand the warning signs for serious cardiac issues like these. Reduce your risk for any heart problems by leading a healthy lifestyle. Quit smoking, eat a balanced diet and aim to exercise for 30 to 60 minutes five days per week.
This article is not a substitute for medical advice offered by your physician. If you notice repeated episodes of heart palpitations or have questions, make an appointment with your doctor, who can help you know for sure whether or not you should be concerned. Visit our website for a full list of Lankenau Heart Institute cardiologists in your area.
Symptoms, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Arrhythmia
Arrhythmias should be evaluated thoroughly by your doctor, who may ask about various symptoms and your medical history.
Many different symptoms
Arrhythmias can produce a broad range of symptoms and results. Your experience with arrhythmia may also differ depending on the type. For instance, a single premature beat may be felt as a “palpitation” or a “skipped beat.” Premature beats that occur often or in rapid succession may increase awareness of heart palpitations or a “fluttering” sensation in the chest or neck.
That same “fluttering” or “quivering” is associated with atrial fibrillation (AFib or AF), which is a particular type of arrhythmia.
View an animation of arrhythmia.
When arrhythmias (including AFib) last long enough to affect how well the heart works, more serious symptoms may develop:
- Fatigue or weakness
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Fainting or near-fainting spells
- Rapid heartbeat or pounding in the chest
- Shortness of breath and anxiety
- Chest pain or pressure
- In extreme cases, collapse and sudden cardiac arrest
Important note: If you have chest pain or pressure, you may be having a heart attack. Call 911 immediately.
How do heart attack symptoms differ?
Fluttering and heart palpitations are telltale signs of arrhythmia, including AFib. Other serious heart problems, such as heart attack, have similar warning signs.
A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. This denies oxygen to the heart muscle — possibly damaging or destroying organ tissue.
The symptoms for heart attack can vary widely, just like symptoms for arrhythmia.
Some heart attacks are sudden and intense. But most heart attacks start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Other symptoms can include:
- Chest discomfort or pressure that may come and go
- Discomfort in the upper body, including both arms, the back, stomach, neck and jaw
- Shortness of breath, with or without chest discomfort
- Cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness
Symptoms of heart attack in women can be even subtler. Often, those affected by heart attack — men and women alike — aren’t sure what’s wrong and wait too long before getting help.
If you think you may be having a heart attack, don’t delay. Get emergency help by calling 911 immediately.
Arrhythmia and stroke symptoms
People with AFib are five times more likely to suffer stroke than those without AFib. So it’s vital to be familiar with stroke symptoms.
Call 911 immediately if you notice one or more of these symptoms, even if the symptoms are temporary or seem to disappear.
Do you suspect that you or a loved one may have arrhythmia? See your doctor. Several tests can diagnose and monitor arrhythmia.
90,000 The main symptoms of heart disease | GBUZ “VFD Zlatoust”
What are the main symptoms of heart disease, can they be recognized in time in order to start treatment on time?
Symptoms of ischemic heart disease
The main symptom of coronary heart disease is angina pectoris, or an attack of chest pain. Pain is described as a feeling of discomfort, heaviness, pressure, burning, fullness in the chest. Sometimes this condition is associated with indigestion or heartburn.Typically, the pain occurs in the chest and can radiate to the shoulders, arms, neck, throat, teeth, or back.
Other symptoms of coronary heart disease include:
* Shortness of breath
* Rapid heartbeat
* Irregular heartbeat, heart failure
* Weakness and dizziness
Symptoms of myocardial infarction:
The most common symptoms of myocardial infarction include:
* Pressure, heaviness, pain in the chest, arm and behind the sternum
* Pain in the back, teeth, throat or arm symptoms resemble heartburn)
* Sweating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness
* Excessive weakness, anxiety, shortness of breath
* Frequent and unstable pulse
During myocardial infarction, the attack lasts an average of 30 minutes or longer and is not relieved by medication.At first, the symptoms may be mild, but gradually the pain intensifies and becomes intense.
Some people have no pain during a heart attack (painless myocardial infarction). As a rule, such a course of a heart attack is typical for patients with diabetes mellitus.
If you suspect you have a myocardial infarction, call an ambulance immediately (03) or contact another emergency service (112). The sooner you get help, the less damage your heart muscle will be.
Symptoms of arrhythmia
Symptoms of arrhythmia – an irregular heartbeat – include:
* Rapid and / or increased heartbeat
* Feeling that the heart is “jumping out” of the chest
* Feeling that the heart is pounding violently
* Irregular heartbeat, interruption heart
* Shortness of breath
* Unpleasant sensations in the chest
* Weakness, rapid fatigability
Symptoms of atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia.Symptoms include:
* Rapid and / or increased heart rate
* Sudden increased heart rate
* Feeling trembling in the chest
* Fatigue, fatigue
* Loss of consciousness
* Unpleasant sensations in the chest (pain, pressure, discomfort)
* Shortness of breath (difficulty breathing during daily activities)
In some patients, symptoms may be absent or occur sporadically.
Symptoms of heart valve disease
Symptoms of heart valve disease include:
* Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.Most often occurs during physical activity, including normal daily activities, or while resting in the supine position
* Weakness and dizziness
* Unpleasant sensations in the chest (feeling of pressure and heaviness during physical activity and when inhaling cold air)
* Disorders heart rate: rapid heartbeat, irregular heart rate, interruptions in the work of the heart
If valve diseases lead to heart failure, the following symptoms join: weight gain (up to 1.5 kg per day)
Symptoms of valve diseases do not always correspond to the severity of the condition.There may be no signs of illness at all, but the person may be suffering from a serious illness that requires proper treatment.
Symptoms of heart failure
The most common symptoms of heart failure:
* Shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing. Most often, these symptoms occur during physical activity or when resting in the supine position
* Cough with light sputum
* Rapid weight gain
* Swelling in the ankles, feet and abdomen
* Frequent and / or irregular heart rate
* Other symptoms such as nausea, palpitations, chest pain
As with valvular heart disease, in heart failure, the severity of symptoms does not always correspond to the severity of the condition.Sometimes almost all the symptoms are present, but the function of the heart is impaired at the same time. Conversely, symptoms may be mild and heart function is significantly impaired.
If you have any suspicions of heart disease, consult a doctor, get tested.
What to do with a rapid heartbeat / Blog / Clinic EXPERT
Are you worried about unpleasant sensations in the chest, heart palpitations, weakness, dizziness, discomfort, lack of air? Such symptoms often accompany tachycardia, a variant of cardiac arrhythmia.If such complaints appear, an urgent need to consult a cardiologist!
When the heart asks for help
Timely diagnosis of diseases often plays a decisive role, especially when it comes to cardiac problems. The earlier an accurate diagnosis is made, the sooner the correct treatment can be prescribed. It is very important to be attentive to your heart and see a doctor if any signs of trouble appear. Tachycardia is an increase in heart rate above normal.In some cases, it is one of the signs of heart disease.
See your doctor if you experience the following symptoms:
- You already have some form of tachycardia, but you have not consulted a cardiologist for further monitoring and / or treatment
- Frequent heartbeats appear periodically
- chest pain, ” colitis “heart
- difficulty breathing, feeling short of breath
- light-headedness or fainting (even without unpleasant sensations in the heart area)
- when calculating the heart rate at home You yourself found a heart rate of 90 beats per minute and more than
- increase or decrease in blood pressure
- the presence of cardiac diseases in you or in your relatives.
Even if you have a tachycardia attack for the first time, it is mandatory to see a doctor.
Complaints of palpitations are a serious reason for urgent examination. The EXPERT Clinic is attended by doctors with extensive experience. The most modern diagnostics of cardiac arrhythmias is possible.
Causes of heart palpitations
There is a natural (physiological) tachycardia when heart palpitations occur in response to some kind of physical exertion, severe stress and emotional stress, with an increase in body temperature, etc.In this case, the heart rate returns to normal on its own. Physiological tachycardia is also observed during pregnancy (especially in the third trimester). A variety of reasons can lead to disturbances in the work of the heart. First of all, these include heart disease (for example, defects, endocarditis). Tachycardia is one of the clinical manifestations of anemia.
Increased heart rate occurs in certain diseases of the endocrine system (eg diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease).Tachycardia appears in disorders of the autonomic nervous system, due to hemodynamic disorders, with regular intake of certain medications, etc.
Cardiologists at the EXPERT Clinic take into account all the variety of reasons that “make” the heart beat faster. That is why patients are offered a comprehensive examination that allows them to accurately determine the causes and correctly prescribe the treatment that the patient needs so much.
Why tachycardia is dangerous to health
Attacks of tachycardia are most often periodic in nature.They can occur for a short time and with a relatively small increase in heart rate, and a strong heartbeat affects the ability to work. In all cases, an urgent examination of the patient is required! The main danger is represented by not yet identified cardiac diseases, which can manifest themselves with a rapid heartbeat. A lot of attention is required for people with already diagnosed serious problems. It can be coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure.In severe cases, tachycardia provokes even more dangerous rhythm disturbances and more serious complications (cardiac asthma, pulmonary edema). The emerging hemodynamic disorders in general are an unfavorable factor for the state of internal organs.
In case of an attack of tachycardia, you must immediately call a doctor (in case of any deterioration in health: loss or confusion, severe pain in the heart, etc.). During an attack, a person must be provided with rest.
Diagnosis and treatment of tachycardia
You are experiencing a rapid heart rate, what should you do in this situation? The answer is simple – see a cardiologist.First of all, the doctor will make an accurate diagnosis. It begins with a detailed interview of the patient. It is important for a doctor to hear about all the complaints he has, as well as about chronic diseases, heredity, etc. The main method of examination is ECG. Currently, there is modern equipment for obtaining ECG data. With the help of it, any arrhythmia of the heart is determined as accurately as possible. Correct analysis of the ECG is of particular importance, therefore, an experienced cardiologist will decipher the data obtained. In some cases, to clarify the diagnosis, other methods of examining the patient are required: echocardiogram, Holter ECG monitoring, etc.We must not forget about additional research methods: blood tests, ultrasound of the thyroid gland, etc.
The EXPERT Clinic provides all the necessary complex of diagnostic measures. There is modern ECG equipment, so the cardiologist will always make a quick and accurate diagnosis.
How to choose a cardiologist
If you want to go to a medical institution for a consultation due to heart palpitations, it is first of all important to choose the clinic that has proven itself well.Advantages of the EXPERT Clinic:
- is a multidisciplinary medical center, which allows, if necessary, to get advice from various narrow specialists
- experienced and attentive cardiologists
- modern examination equipment, as well as practicing specialists of ultrasound and functional diagnostics
- the ability to quickly take all tests, provide the results of examinations
- the most attentive attitude to patients, only an individual approach, a detailed study of the problem
- convenience and comfort in the clinic, responsive medical staff.
Do not postpone visiting a cardiologist, because timely identification of the main problem of “rapid heartbeat” can sometimes save your life.
Rhythm under control
The doctor chooses the antiarrhythmic treatment strategy. The main option for normalizing heart rhythm disturbances is antiarrhythmic drugs. Drug therapy is prescribed on a strictly individual basis. It depends on the form of tachycardia, existing chronic diseases and disorders, as well as on the reasons that caused this condition! There are different groups of antiarrhythmic drugs depending on the underlying mechanism of action.Due to the individual characteristics in the appointment of therapy, it is categorically not to self-medicate. In difficult cases, urgent medical attention is needed to stop the attack.
Additionally, the cardiologist evaluates risk factors that can worsen the patient’s condition. This may be a family history, old age, arterial hypertension, some chronic diseases, lifestyle, etc. Simple rules of an adequate work and rest regime have a positive effect.This is a good and restful sleep, good nutrition, limitation of stressful situations, the correct approach to physical activity. With tachycardia, you should not smoke, drink alcohol. Alcohol and nicotine can independently affect the heart rate, as well as become provocateurs of more serious pathologies. If there is a rapid heartbeat, then it is very important to always follow all the doctor’s prescriptions to constantly come for scheduled examinations. The specialist will assess the effectiveness of the prescribed therapy, clarify the state of health.Do not discontinue prescribed medications yourself. Only a cardiologist will help you choose the right tactics and take control of your heart rate.
The cardiologist of the EXPERT Clinic prescribes individual drug therapy only after a thorough assessment of the patient’s condition. An attentive comprehensive approach and correct diagnostics guarantee effective treatment! A fast heartbeat will stop bothering you.
Symptoms not to be feared | Medical Center “My Doctor” | Family Medicine Clinic | Sign the declaration with your doctor
How often do you worry about your well-being and how closely do you listen to your body? Do you know the difference between healthy and essential self-care and debilitating hypochondria? Family doctor Daria Dmitrievskaya talks about 10 common symptoms that are not necessarily a manifestation of serious illness.
1. Chest pain that gets worse during breathing
This is a fairly common symptom that can get worse when you change your body position or when breathing. It is often confused with heart pain, but these are different things. Mostly such sensations arise from neuralgia, that is, damage to the peripheral nerves. The pain occurs because the nerve root compresses the muscle and can spasm in the chest or any other part of the body. The symptom is unpleasant and painful, but you do not need to be afraid of it.Such pain can occur due to muscle strain or sudden unsuccessful movement. Then you need to gently move, stretch your back to remove the muscle clamp. It is worth taking care of regular exercise.
2. A sharp and short spasm in the muscles
This is a nervous tic that is associated with nerve irritation. Such symptoms occur quite often and can be exacerbated by stress, when the nervous system is more sensitive. This occurs because the nerve reacts to stimuli and sends impulses to the muscle, which responds to them and contracts.This spasm goes away rather quickly when the person calms down or rests.
3. Crunch in the joints
Crunch in the knees or fingers does not indicate a violation if it does not cause discomfort. But if it is accompanied by pain, for example, when walking, then you should see a doctor. Crackling in joints can even be a certain physiological feature of a person. For example, due to the mismatch of the articular surfaces. There is a myth that you can’t crunch your fingers because it causes arthritis.But a number of studies have been carried out and it has been proven that it is completely safe and does not affect the development of this disease in any way.
You go into a room and forget why you came there: this happens with everyone. Our brain is a complex multitasking system. Sometimes he may forget certain details in order to remember something more important. For example, when a person is working on an important project, the brain directs all the forces to its implementation and may skip less serious tasks. It’s okay if it’s rare.If you constantly forget about everything in the world, then you should consult a doctor and determine the problem.
5. Sharp dizziness
Usually, sudden dizziness occurs when quickly getting out of bed or chair. This is due to the sharp redistribution of blood in the body. When the vessels rise, they do not have time to change their tone so quickly that the brain receives a sufficient amount of blood and oxygen. Therefore, a person’s eyes darken. This condition is normal, if it lasts a few seconds and passes quickly, you should not be afraid of it.However, if a person becomes ill every time and the quality of life is disturbed, then you need to consult a doctor.
6. Sharp and very short painful sensation
It all depends on the part of the body where the pain occurs. A sharp abdominal cramp may indicate intestinal colic, for example, due to increased gas production in the intestines. It is worth adjusting the diet – and the symptom will disappear. Muscle pain can be associated with a pinched nerve. If it is a headache, then it usually occurs due to overstrain: physical or mental.The head can also ache due to high blood pressure or an infectious disease. If you constantly feel severe pain in your head, it is pronounced and difficult to tolerate, you need to consult a doctor, because there can be a lot of causes.
7. Temperature not 36.6
The normal temperature of the human body is considered to be between 36 and 37 degrees. It can also be influenced by several factors, such as metabolic rate. Therefore, you should not always focus on 36.6.There are also people with peculiarities of the body, for whom the standard temperature is 37.1. And this is also completely normal. Sharp changes in the body should be alarming. For example, when the body temperature has always been at 36.6, and here a certain period does not fall below 37 degrees. Even if this does not affect the quality of life, it is worth consulting your doctor.
8. Rapid heartbeat
Average normal heart rate for a person is from 60 to 90 beats per minute. But these numbers are relative, the normal heart rate for each person is individual.Therefore, if it is a little more or less than the norm, you should not worry. There is also such a phenomenon as extrasystoles – this is when, against the background of rest or after physical exertion, the heart can contract out of turn and several strong beats occur. This continues for a few seconds, and then everything works as usual. This phenomenon can occur in all healthy people. Heart palpitations also appear due to stress, when the nervous system is more sensitive to external stimuli. This condition can last for a certain period, while at the same time the state of health worsens.Changes in hormonal status can also cause a fast heartbeat. Therefore, you should always pay attention to the nature of the symptom, to the general condition of the body and other unusual manifestations.
9. Pigmentation on the skin
Most often, spots on the skin appear after sunburn. Sunburn is a severe stress on the body. In this case, the immune system begins to actively work on skin regeneration. The damaged particles can accumulate melanin, a pigment that has a protective function and gives our skin a tanned appearance.If there was too much of it, brown spots or dots appear. Sunburn is very harmful to the body and increases the risk of developing skin cancer. Therefore, it is better to avoid them and protect the skin with special creams from the sun. Pigmentation can appear with age due to the fact that the vessels lose their tone and the normal nutrition of a particular skin particle is disrupted. Brown spots on the body also occur in pregnant women and disappear after childbirth
10. Low back pain
Mild low back pain when we move is usually not back pain.It’s just a muscle spasm that often occurs after long periods of sitting in one position. Such pain is definitely familiar to people who have a sedentary job and a sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, it is very important to get up regularly, warm up or simply walk every 2-3 hours of work at the table. This will release muscle tension and no pain will arise. The lower back can also hurt after sleep, when a person slept in an unsuccessful position or pulled a muscle.
Based on materials
St. Petersburg doctors named the first four symptoms by which one can recognize a “mild” form of coronavirus.
Research shows that there are three typical symptoms of coronavirus: fever, cough (usually dry) and shortness of breath. However, there are eight other first signs of the disease, which are also often observed in those who have an infection – muscle pain and headaches, confusion, diarrhea, hemoptysis, heart palpitations, nausea and even vomiting, Tsargrad reports.
St. Petersburg doctors compiled a collection in which they also indicated four important symptoms by which the “mild” form of COVID-19 can be recognized.It is noted that with a mild course of the disease, the body temperature does not exceed 38.5 degrees.
In addition, the infected feel mild weakness, cough and sore throat.
With a moderate COVID-19 disease and a higher temperature, shortness of breath appears, the respiratory rate is over 22 per minute.
It is noted that even a mild course of the disease is not a reason to relax. Doctors warn that at the first sign it is necessary to consult a doctor, call them at home and in no case self-medicate.
Earlier it became known about atypical symptoms of coronavirus.
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Gunzburg named the number of those vaccinated by “Sputnik V”
About 10-11 million people have been vaccinated against coronavirus with Sputnik V, said Alexander Gintsburg, director of the Gamaleya Center.
“About 10-11 million [people] were vaccinated, and maybe more, if you take into account foreign countries,” TASS quoted him as saying.
Earlier, the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) reported that according to the analysis of data on 3.8 million vaccinated Russians, the effectiveness of the Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine was 97.6%.
Recall that the effectiveness of the vaccine at the level of 91.6% is confirmed by the publication of data in the leading medical journal The Lancet.In March, Sputnik V was named the most recognizable coronavirus vaccine.
Benefits of the coronavirus vaccine in the form of a milk drink named
A vaccine against coronavirus in the form of a milk drink, developed by Russian scientists, will be much cheaper than other vaccines in terms of production costs, said Alexander Sergeev, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS).
According to him, the world’s first bacterial-based candidate vaccine has been created at the St. Petersburg Institute of Experimental Medicine. Sergeev explained that the gene for the coronavirus spike protein is introduced into the bacterial genome, and then, as a result of reproduction, a new receptor appears on the surface of the bacterium, which is the tentacles of the S-protein of the coronavirus, TASS reports.
“In this way, the bacterium is functionalized, which becomes a carrier of information regarding the harmful S-protein.It is important that since it is a bacterium, the production of bacteria and vaccines based on it is much less labor-intensive, simpler and cheaper than the production of other vaccines, ”said the head of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
He noted that the bacteria on the basis of which the effect of such a vaccine was demonstrated is identical to those used in the production of conventional fermented milk products. Scientists in the course of studies on laboratory animals have already proven the immunogenicity of such a vaccine, Sergeev added.
“Judging by the interest of the investor with whom the institute is currently concluding an investment agreement, it seems that this vaccine may have a very interesting future precisely because it is easy to consume as a milk drink, and its production is much cheaper than all others vaccines, ”he explained.
Earlier, the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) reported that according to the analysis of data on 3.8 million vaccinated Russians, the effectiveness of the Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine was 97.6%.
Argentina starts production of Sputnik V
The production of the Russian Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine has begun in Argentina; the drug produced in the country can be exported to other countries in Central and Latin America, the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) said.
“RDIF and the pharmaceutical company Laboratorios Richmond SACIF announce the production of the first batch of the Russian Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine in Argentina. Argentina became the first country in Latin America in which the production of the Sputnik V vaccine has begun, – reports RIA Novosti.
It is noted that the produced batch will be delivered to N.F. Gamalea for drug quality control. According to RDIF, full-scale production of Sputnik V in Argentina will begin in June.”The vaccine produced in Argentina can later be exported to other countries in Central and Latin America,” the fund said.
Argentine President Alberto Fernandez said: “We are delighted to be able to produce the Sputnik V vaccine in Argentina, with which we are already protecting our population with excellent results. This will be a great opportunity to move forward in the fight against the pandemic, not only in Argentina, but also in Latin America. ”
In turn, the head of RDIF Kirill Dmitriev noted that Argentina was the first in Latin America to approve the use of the Sputnik V vaccine and began to vaccinate the population with the Russian drug.“Today we are delighted to announce that Argentina has also become the first state in the region to start production of Sputnik V thanks to a partnership between RDIF and Laboratorios Richmond. Sputnik V has been approved in more than 10 countries in Latin and Central America, and production in Argentina will allow deliveries to our other partners, ”he stressed.
In December 2020, Buenos Aires signed a contract with Moscow for the supply of a Russian vaccine against coronavirus. After that, the Ministry of Health of Argentina allowed the emergency use of the Russian vaccine.The first batch of the first component in the amount of 300 thousand doses was delivered to Argentina on December 24, 2020.
In February, Fernandez, during a conversation with Vladimir Putin, praised the Sputnik V vaccine and asked to provide the entire Latin America with the Russian drug.
WHO head called for widespread use of Sputnik V worldwide
Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, during talks with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Vershinin, expressed interest in the widespread use of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine, the press service of the Russian Foreign Ministry said.
“Tedros Adhanom praised Russia’s significant contribution to multilateral cooperation under the auspices of WHO, including global efforts to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The organization is interested in the widespread use of the Russian Sputnik-V vaccine and other responsible drugs for the prevention of coronavirus in order to assist countries in need, including through international mechanisms, ”the Russian Foreign Ministry’s website said.
It is noted that the parties discussed strengthening WHO’s capacity to prepare and respond to outbreaks of dangerous infectious diseases and other health emergencies.
“The commitment of our country to building up constructive interaction with WHO as a key organization of the UN system providing coordination of international work in the field of health was reaffirmed,” the ministry added.
Formerly director of the Center. N.F. Gamalei Alexander Gunzburg said that about 10-11 million people have been vaccinated against coronavirus with Sputnik V.
The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) reported that according to the analysis of data on 3.8 million vaccinated Russians, the effectiveness of the Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine was 97.6%.
Recall that the effectiveness of the vaccine at the level of 91.6% is confirmed by the publication of data in the leading medical journal The Lancet. In March, Sputnik V was named the most recognizable coronavirus vaccine.
USA included Germany in the list of countries not recommended for travel
The United States, in connection with the spread of the coronavirus, considers the epidemiological situation in Germany to be dangerous and does not recommend that Americans travel to the country.
Germany was added to the list of countries covered by the “not recommended for travel” status. The United States added 115 more countries to this list, including France, Great Britain, Canada, Mexico and Israel, Deutsche Welle reports.
On the eve of the State Department announced that the list of countries not recommended for visiting will be expanded so that it will cover up to 80% of states. So far, the list has only included 34 countries.
Earlier, the President of Germany, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, in a televised address warned fellow citizens about severe restrictions in the next few weeks due to the coronavirus pandemic.
As a reminder, from April 2, the Berlin authorities introduced a curfew in the city. On March 23, German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced the extension of the quarantine regime in the country until April 18. A month earlier, Merkel announced the third wave of coronavirus in Germany.
Rector of Sechenov University: Society’s attitude towards doctors has changed
For a physician, material remuneration and so on is not the most important thing, the most important is the attitude of the doctor and the patient, as well as the attitude of society towards the doctor, which have changed dramatically today, the rector of the First Moscow State Medical University named after V.I.THEM. Sechenov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor Petr Glybochko.
President Vladimir Putin, during his address to the Federal Assembly, praised the work of medical workers during the coronavirus pandemic, thanked them, as well as the country’s residents for their effective and sometimes selfless work, highlighting social workers, teachers and volunteers in addition to doctors.
“I believe that doctors have shown themselves as highly qualified professionals, and if we take a civic position, then as heroes, saving the population of our country.And at the Council of Rectors, at the initiative of the Minister of Health Mikhail Albertovich Murashko, we agreed to create a monument to the Day of the Medical Worker, which will be dedicated to the feat of doctors in the fight against coronavirus infection. In the pandemic, the doctors showed themselves very worthy, ”says Glybochko.
He explains that doctors risked their lives primarily because it is historically inherent in this profession, and in principle, educational institutions educate doctors in the spirit of “sacrificing oneself to save the patient.”Moreover, doctors have had such a policy at all times, without exception. As an example, he cites epidemics of plague, cholera and exacerbation of other diseases, where doctors have always stood at the forefront, provided medical care and sacrificed themselves. “This is passed down from generation to generation and is embedded in our genes,” explains the rector.
The academician also says that he cannot name the exact number of health workers who died during the pandemic, but emphasizes that there are many such cases. “The deputy chief physician for medical work of the City Clinical Hospital No. 4 and other employees have passed away.Therefore, there really are people who worked in the red zones and passed away, because they helped patients with coronavirus infection. Moreover, the losses were not only among doctors, but also people from the nursing staff suffered, I also know the deaths among volunteers who themselves fell ill and died, ”the source emphasizes.
But despite the feat that medical workers have performed and continue to perform, the best reward for them is that modern society, the population of Russia, began to understand how valuable the work of a doctor is and how well he is prepared in terms of providing medical care, continues the professor …
“Even the very attitude towards the doctor in society has changed – this is the most important thing and is an important message. We see this both in the media and among the population, respect for the profession of a doctor has appeared. Moreover, today we see that at the university we have an extremely high competition for admission of young children who want to go to medicine, to provide assistance to patients. It seems to me that it is very important that people have become very respectful and worthy of treating doctors. Indeed, for a doctor, material reward and so on is not the most important thing, the most important is the attitude of the doctor and the patient, as well as the attitude of society towards the doctor, ”concluded Glybochko, stressing that today this attitude has changed dramatically, and the pandemic has shown it.
At the opening of the V All-Russian Forum of Medical Volunteers, the head of the Ministry of Health Mikhail Murashko said that volunteering makes a significant contribution to the development of healthcare professionals.
Children in Russia because of the pandemic have forgotten how to understand the causes of emotions
During the coronavirus pandemic, Russian children have become more anxious, their stress levels have also increased and their understanding of the causes of emotions has decreased, said the dean of the Faculty of Psychology at Moscow State University.V. Lomonosov, President of the Russian Psychological Society Yuri Zinchenko.
“We have also conducted large studies, more than eight thousand children 4-8 years old, 15 regions, a lot of things. Of course, in the first place, this whole pandemic affected emotional development. I will not give numbers, but the first thing that has decreased with us is the understanding of the causes of emotions. Our children are worse at recognizing emotions, poor regulation of emotions, difficulties with comprehension, increased general anxiety and stress, “RIA Novosti quotes him as saying.
He also noted that at the moment the paramount issue is not the increase in stress, but how to teach the child to cope with emotions and the experience of the state in which he is. The expert believes that this is a new competence that the pandemic has brought to the fore.
Earlier, psychologist Natalya Panfilova told the VZGLYAD newspaper what to do to maintain a good mood, despite the cloudy cold weather and the coronavirus pandemic.
Virologist explained the decrease in the incidence of influenza in the coronavirus pandemic
A significant decrease in the incidence of influenza during the coronavirus epidemic was influenced by measures against the spread of COVID-19, as well as a great interest in vaccination against this disease, a virologist, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Chief Researcher of the Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology named after Academician N.F. Gamalei Victor Zuev.
Against the background of coronavirus infection, cases of seasonal flu have almost ceased to be recorded in the world. At the end of 2020, influenza activity in the Northern Hemisphere was at the same low level as in the summer, which is confirmed, among other things, by statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), follows from an article in the journal Science.
“Influenza, like any infectious disease, is not with us all the time, but comes to us twice a year: in late autumn and early spring.That is, this happens when there are four factors on the face: cold, damp, windy and sad at heart. Accordingly, due to the coronavirus pandemic, since we are concerned about it, we began to forget about how our meetings with the flu took place, ”says Zuev.
The doctor recalls that all human collisions with this virus differed in the intensity of the incidence, which depended on a number of factors. Accordingly, if the autumn was drier, then the incidence was less, if there were temperature jumps and more windy and damp weather, then the number of cases was higher.In addition, if the vaccine strain matched the epidemic strain that caused the disease, then the number of influenza patients was also lower.
“There is no need to wait for ten thousand sick people every time, no more, no less. These are all very fluctuating figures, the magnitude of which and the time of the attack depend on a number of circumstances. As for the current circumstances, the coronavirus, of course, has largely obscured the entire influenza picture. Here we must remember that in part those patients who came to the doctor with a complaint of fever, cough, runny nose, and so on, had just the flu, but were not recorded, ”the source believes.
But for the most part, two factors had an impact on the flu during the coronavirus pandemic, the virologist continues. First, the fears of getting sick with COVID-19, thanks to which citizens regularly observed anti-epidemic measures: the obligatory wearing of masks in public places, regular hygiene, distance, as well as complete isolation at home during periods of exacerbation.
“Influenza, like coronavivus, is an acute respiratory viral infection. Accordingly, all the measures that were taken against the spread of the coronavirus also influenced the transmission of influenza – the virus practically did not spread.That is, thanks to the COVID-19 epidemic, the fears that enveloped citizens, the people began to take infectious diseases more seriously, ”Zuev said.
The second factor that influenced the decrease in the incidence is influenza vaccination, the doctor emphasizes. At the end of March, Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova announced that in 2020, the incidence of all infections, with the exception of community-acquired pneumonia, had significantly decreased in Russia, noting that for the first time in the past 20 years, more than 60% of the population were vaccinated against influenza, including children.
“For all the laziness that our population shows in vaccination, it also played a big role. The people must understand that there is no time to argue whether it is necessary or not, whether it is useful – this only speaks of illiteracy in health. It has long been known that mankind has not yet invented anything more reliable and more effective than a vaccine against viral infections. Therefore, it is simply necessary to be vaccinated regularly, both against the flu and against the coronavirus. This is the only way we can contribute to the improvement of the situation, ”says the virologist.
At the end of October, the British newspaper Daily Mail reported that the total number of cases of influenza in the world had dropped sharply by 98%.
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Austria refused to register Sputnik V prior to EU approval
Austria is not going to register the Russian Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine at the national level and will await the results of a check by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the new Austrian Minister of Health Wolfgang Mückstein said.
“No, we have agreed on a check at EMA,” TASS reports the minister’s response to the question of whether a national registration of the Russian drug will be organized in Austria.
According to the minister, the amount of available data on the drug is “still a little meager.” “We hope that more data on the drug will be received so that the EMA will be registered,” Mükstein said on the air of the ORF-2 TV channel. “It is important for me that every Austrian knows that only a safe vaccine is used in Austria,” the minister said, adding that he does not know the details of what the future agreement with Russia on the acquisition of Sputnik V looks like.
As a reminder, on Monday, Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz announced that the Austrian coalition government, which includes the Austrian People’s Party and the Greens, has agreed to purchase 1 million doses of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine, which is planned to be used after the drug is registered by the European Medicines Agency. funds.
On April 10, the Austrian Chancellor announced the completion of negotiations with Russia on the acquisition of Sputnik V. Kurtz previously said Vienna could register Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine at the national level if the European Medicines Agency (EMA) approval process drags on.
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Greece announced the phased lifting of restrictions due to pandemic
Greece will begin lifting restrictions imposed by the coronavirus pandemic from May 3, Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said.
The Greek Ministry of Health recommended that the restrictions be lifted.It is noted that the return to the usual life will be phased, RIA Novosti reports.
Mitsotakis announced that catering establishments will open on May 3. At first, guests will be able to sit exclusively on open verandas. The curfew will also be shorter, starting at 23.00.
Primary and secondary schools will reopen from May 10. Greece will resume receiving tourists on May 15. Travelers with a coronavirus test or vaccination will be able to enter the country. Also, from May 15, citizens will again be able to move between regions.Some cultural events will also be allowed, the prime minister said. The prime minister stressed that travel between the regions is prohibited on Easter.
“Our goal is a safe Easter and free summer. But the former should not undermine the latter. This is why we shouldn’t travel on Easter. There are still many people with COVID in Attica and major cities. Their mass movement carries the risk of the virus spreading everywhere. And we know that hospitalization in the region is difficult. Therefore, we must think not only about our vacation, but also about the health of the inhabitants of our villages and islands, ”Mitsotakis said.
According to him, this may upset some, but this is the only possible option, which will allow immediately after Easter to move to greater liberalization of activities.
Earlier, the Minister of Tourism of Greece Haris Theocharis said that the country’s authorities would lift restrictions on the number of Russian tourists visiting the country from May 14.
Gunzburg spoke about the transfer of immunity to COVID-19 from a vaccinated mother to a newborn
A newborn child receives antibodies to COVID-19 with the milk of a mother vaccinated against the coronavirus and will acquire immunity for six to eight months, said Alexander Gintsburg, head of the Gamaleya Center.
“If a mother is vaccinated, a pregnant woman, she will transfer these antibodies to the baby, and he will be protected by mother’s milk for six, seven, eight months, until his own full-fledged immune system begins to form,” he said on the air of the program “Dok-tok” on Channel One, TASS reports.
Earlier Gunzburg reported that a certain class of antibodies to COVID-19 can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy through the placenta.
Recall that a child with antibodies to coronavirus was born in the United States; in Japan, the mother passed immunity to COVID-19 to the newborn.
US woman dies of blood clots after J&J vaccine
A 50-year-old female patient who was vaccinated against coronavirus with Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine has died of blood clots in the United States, the Oregon Department of Health said.
As reported by the ABC, the woman died within two weeks of being vaccinated. Specialists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have launched an investigation. The woman was vaccinated in early April. According to the authorities, the woman died as a result of blood clots. It is indicated that so far there is no evidence confirming the connection of thrombosis with vaccination, reports TASS.
Recall that the European Medicines Agency has confirmed that thrombus formation can indeed be triggered by the coronavirus vaccine from Janssen, a division of the American corporation Johnson & Johnson.In the United States, two Johnson & Johnson drug vaccination centers were closed due to an adverse reaction.
Mexico received the fourth batch of Sputnik V vaccine
The fourth batch of the Russian Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine has been delivered to Mexico from Moscow, the Russian Embassy in Mexico City reported.
“At the Mexico City international airport, the flight was met by the Russian Ambassador to Mexico Victor Coronelli, Director General for Europe of the Mexican Foreign Ministry Bernardo Aguilar and the head of Birmex Pedro Centero,” the diplomatic mission said on Twitter.
According to Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard on his Twitter, the new batch is 200 thousand doses of Sputnik V. He also thanked Russia and President Vladimir Putin for the vaccine.
Mexico’s Federal Sanitary Risk Protection Commission registered Sputnik V at the start of Ferval. Mexico became the first country in North America to register a Russian coronavirus vaccine. Vaccination with the drug began in the republic at the end of February.
Gunzburg: 70% of Russians will be vaccinated against coronavirus by November
In Russia, about 70% of the population will be vaccinated against coronavirus by November of this year, said the director of the Center.N.F. Gamalei Alexander Gunzburg.
“If the entire world immunobiological industry is involved in the production of any one vaccine preparation, for example, Sputnik V, then within a year all production facilities of the United States, Europe, Asia, and the Russian Federation will be able to produce 12%, or 15% of the required amount of vaccine preparation. … There are no miracles. It is necessary to work in all directions so that by November, according to my calculations, this year still to vaccinate about 70% of our population, “TASS quotes him.
He also clarified that the Sputnik V vaccine is effective against British, South African and Brazilian strains of coronavirus.
Earlier, Gunzburg said that about 10-11 million people were vaccinated against coronavirus with Sputnik V.
Russia confirmed its readiness to supply “Sputnik V” to Kyrgyzstan
Russia is ready to supply the Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine to Kyrgyzstan, Moscow confirmed its intentions at a meeting of the co-chairs of the Intergovernmental Russian-Kyrgyz Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation – Deputy Government Alexei Overchuk and First Deputy Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Artyom Novikov.
“The Russian side confirmed its readiness to start deliveries of the Sputnik V vaccine for the population of Kyrgyzstan. The republic has officially registered the Sputnik V vaccine against the new coronavirus infection, in connection with which the country is ready to include the Russian vaccine in the vaccination program, as well as to start supplying the vaccine to the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic, ”the website of the Russian government said.
At the meeting of the co-chairmen of the commission, the priority tasks of expanding Russian-Kyrgyz trade and economic cooperation were considered.Particular attention was paid to the progress of joint work on the implementation of the agreements reached during the visit of Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov to Russia on February 24-25, 2021, the report says. Also, Overchuk and Novikov discussed the legal status of migrants from Kyrgyzstan in Russia and the issue of regulating the legal status of foreign citizens who are in Russia in violation of the established order of stay. The Russian side provided clarifications on the procedure for registering the legal status of foreign citizens until June 15, 2021 without applying administrative measures and the need to leave the country.In addition, issues of interaction in the field of digitalization were touched upon, and agreements were reached on the preparation of proposals and projects aimed at investment cooperation, economic integration and humanitarian interaction.
In early April, Kyrgyzstan announced its intentions to purchase from Russia a batch of Sputnik V, sufficient to vaccinate 118 thousand people.
In mid-April, the Kyrgyz authorities allocated money for the purchase of Sputnik V.
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Everyone…Agabekyan Nonna Vachaganovna (Obstetrician, Gynecologist) Aizikovich Boris Leonidovich (Pediatrician) Akmalov Eduard Albertovich (Allergologist, Doctor of Sports Medicine) Aleksandrov Pavel Andreevich (Venereologist, Hepatologist, Infectionist, Parasitologist, Epidemiologist, Psychotherapist) Anna Pikhagaylovna Psychotherapist Aristova Anastasia Mikhailovna (Andrologist, Urologist, Surgeon) Armashov Vadim Petrovich (Surgeon) Afanasyeva Daria Lvovna (Cardiologist, Therapist) Belyaeva Elena Aleksandrovna (Gynecologist, Neurologist, Reflexotherapist) Bushaeva Olga Vladimirovna (Pulmonologist), Therapist Elena Vladimirovna (Geneticist, Pediatrician) Gorokhova Yulia Igorevna (Venereologist, General practitioner, Dermatologist) Grigorieva Alla Sergeevna (General practitioner, Therapist) Demidova Elena Leonidovna (Psychologist, Psychotherapist) Denischuk Ivan Sergeevich (Andrologist, Urologist) Dimina A Tamara Olegov , Angiosurgeon) Dovgal Anastasia Yurievna (Mammologist, Oncologist, Radiologist) Dolgova Yulia Vladimirovna (Pediatrician) Dyakonova Maria Alekseevna (Geriatrician, Therapist) Zaguyonnaya Anna Yurievna (Sports Medicine Doctor, Hirudotherapist, Nutritionist, Cosmetologist, Therapist) Zverev Valentin Sergeevich (Orthopedist, Traumatologist) Zgoba Maryana Igorevna (Oculist (Ophthalmologist)) Zingenchenko Vasilievich (Neurologist, Psychologist, Therapist, Surgeon) Izvozchikova Nina Vladislavovna (Gastroenterologist, Dermatologist, Immunologist, Infectionist, Pulmonologist) Ilona Igorevna (General practitioner, Gastroenterologist, Therapist, Endocrinologist) Kalyavina Svetlana Nikolaevna, Other Karpenko Alik Viktorovich (Orthopedist, Traumatologist) Kasimov Anar Fizuli oglu (Oncologist, Surgeon) Kireev Sergey Aleksandrovich (Psychiatrist, Psychologist, Psychotherapist) Kirnos Marina Stanislavovna (Dentist, Dentist for children, Dentist-therapist) Kopezhanova Gulsin, Aleksandr Keku (Narcologist, Psychiatrist) Krasilnikov Andrey Viktorovich (Doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, Medical director tor, Phlebologist, Surgeon) Kryazhevskikh Inna Petrovna (Therapist, Gastroenterologist) Kudryashova Svetlana Petrovna (Endocrinologist) Kurtanidze Irakli Malkhazovich (Oculist (Ophthalmologist)) Kushch Elena Vladimirovna (Nutritionist, Therapist) Sergey O. Neurologist) Lebedinskaya Tatyana Aleksandrovna (Psychologist, Psychotherapist) Glacier Maxim Leonidovich (Venereologist, Dermatologist) Leonova Natalia Nikolaevna (Pediatric surgeon) Litvinenko Stanislav Grigorievich (Orthopedist, Traumatologist) Lyamina Irina Alekseevna (Obstetrician) Maksimenko MA , Osteopath, Rehabilitologist) Mamedov Ramis (ENT (Otorhinolaryngologist)) Martirosyan Yakov Ashotovich (Pediatric surgeon, Proctologist, Traumatologist, Urologist, Surgeon) Maryashina Yulia Aleksandrovna (Obstetrician, Venereologist, Ultrasound doctor, Gynecologist, Pediatrician) Matvei Mershed Hasan Imadovich (Vertebrologist, Neurosurgeon) Miller Irina Vasilievna (Neurologist) Mildzikhova ALBIN A. Beksoltanovna (General practitioner, Gynecologist, ENT (Otorhinolaryngologist), Pediatrician, Therapist) Muratova Natalya Sergeevna (General practitioner, Nutritionist) Mukhorin Viktor Pavlovich (Nephrologist) Naumov Alexey Alekseevich (Chiropractor) Nikitina Anna Olekseevich Olga Viktorovna (Neurologist, Neonatologist, Pediatrician, Rehabilitologist, Therapist) Pavlova Maria Igorevna (Dentist, Dentist-surgeon, Maxillofacial surgeon) Panigribko Sergey Leonidovich (Venereologist, Dermatologist, Cosmetologist, Masseur, Mycologist) Panteleeva Kristina Alekrologo Borisovich (Orthopedist, Rheumatologist, Traumatologist, Surgeon) Paunok Anatoly Anatolyevich (Andrologist, Urologist) Pershina Natalia Sergeevna (Neurologist) Prokofieva Anastasia Mikhailovna (ENT (Otorhinolaryngologist)) Prokhorov Ivan Alekseevich (Neurohushkarevich) , Reproductologist (IVF), Endocrinologist) Pyantseva Ekaterina Vyacheslavna (Pediatrician) Radevich Igor Tadeushevich (Andrologist, Venerol og, Sexologist, Urologist) Saprykina Olga Aleksandrovna (Neurologist) Svechnikova Anastasia Evgenievna (Dentist, Children’s dentist, Dentist-orthopedist, Dentist-therapist, Dentist-surgeon) Semeniy Alexander Timofeevich (General practitioner, Rehabilitologist, Therapist) Sergey Nikezi Sergeevich Anestchik ( , Homeopath) Siluyanova Valeria Viktorovna (Obstetrician, Doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, Gynecologist) Sobol Andrey Arkadievich (Cardiologist, Narcologist, Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist) Soshnikova Natalia Vladimirovna (Endocrinologist) Stepanova Tatiana Vladimirovna (LORologist) Pulmonologist, Therapist) Surova Lidia (Hirudotherapist, Neurologist, Therapist) Sukhanova Oksana Aleksandrovna (Clinical pharmacologist, Psychologist) Sukhikh Danil Vitalievich (Psychiatrist) Tumarets Kirill Mikhailovich (Physician of physiotherapy, Physician of sports medicine, Physiotherapist) General practitioner, Pediatrician) Ustimova Vera Nikolaevna (Gemato log, Therapist, Transfusiologist) Fateeva Anastasia Alexandrovna (Gastroenterologist, Nutritionist, Psychotherapist, Endocrinologist) Fedotova Tatyana Vladimirovna (Doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, Hematologist, Therapist) Fominov Oleg Eduardovich (Sexologist) Fominov Oleg Eduardovich (Sexologist) Fominov Oleg Eduardovich Fominov Infectionist, Pediatrician) Khasanov Elzar Khalitovich (Andrologist, Doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, Oncologist, Urologist, Surgeon) Khasanova Gulnara Sunagatullovna (Obstetrician, Doctor of ultrasound diagnostics) Chupanova Aida (Obstetrician, Gynecologist) Chupanova (Rep. Aida Idayatovna) Shvaylikova Inna Evnenievna (Oculist (Ophthalmologist)) Shibanova Maria Alexandrovna (Nephrologist, Therapist) Shtemberg Lyubov Valerievna (Neurologist) Shchepetova Olga Alexandrovna (Therapist) Yagudin Denar Lukmanovich (ENT (Otorhinolaryngologist) Psychologist) Yu.
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90,000 10 alarming symptoms in women | MedChannel
Some of the symptoms that women experience may not bother them if they are an individual norm.But if fatigue, nausea, headache suddenly appear, heart palpitations or vaginal bleeding occur, an urgent need to consult a doctor. What symptoms should women definitely not ignore, especially after 40 years of age?
1. Nausea, fatigue
These symptoms are usually ignored. I was tired yesterday and a month ago, but I felt sick last week because the chicken wings were too fat or I was tormented by PMS. But sometimes fatigue can be associated with fibromyalgia , a disease characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain.Fibromyalgia is difficult to diagnose, and sometimes even an experienced rheumatologist cannot associate the appearance of fatigue with the development of this disease. Fibromyalgia is more commonly diagnosed in women, and there is still no effective treatment. To reduce the manifestation of fatigue in this disease, doctors usually recommend drug therapy, dietary changes, sleep and exercise. Chronic fatigue can be caused by much more serious diseases that require immediate medical attention (depression, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, cancer).This symptom is worth looking out for if you are taking medications such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and pain relievers. You may be exceeding the recommended dose in an effort to reduce your allergy or depression symptoms.
2. Atypical changes in the mammary glands
Breast size and appearance are individual for each woman. And only she herself knows how her breasts can normally look at different periods, depending on the phase of the hormonal cycle.Alert should be visible or felt during self-examination changes in the shape of the mammary glands or nipples, asymmetry, nodules, rash, redness. If something is alarming, you should consult a gynecologist or mammologist to rule out breast cancer .
3. Vaginal bleeding
Non-menstrual bleeding, especially if it is accompanied by pain during intimacy, can signal serious diseases such as cervical cancer or uterine cancer.It is worth paying close attention to symptoms such as increased pain and bleeding during menstruation. If menstruation occurs more often than every three weeks, or there is spotting between these periods, it is necessary to urgently make an appointment with a gynecologist. Postmenopausal women (menopause), even with slight bleeding (which should not be normal), should consult a doctor. It can be caused by polyp formation or endometrial atrophy / thickening.
4.Sharp weight fluctuations
A sudden and unexplained change in body weight can be a sign of serious illness. For example, oncology, heart disease or thyroid disease . Abdominal ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen) may indicate ovarian cancer. This is often one of the first obvious symptoms.
5. Changes in the appearance of moles
Moles that have changed in appearance, size, shape, or are bleeding should be examined by a doctor.If your family history is related to a medical condition such as skin cancer, it is imperative to watch for moles.
6. Pain in the lower extremities
Usually pain in the legs appears in the evening, due to general fatigue, the wrong choice of shoes or a predisposition to varicose veins. But if one leg is swollen and hurts, and these sensations do not disappear, this may be a sign of a blood clot in the vein (deep vein thrombosis). The risk of thrombosis increases with age.The main factors are: smoking, recent surgery, stroke, taking estrogen-containing drugs or hormone therapy drugs, complete immobility for a long time, pregnancy. According to statistics, 70% of cases of pulmonary embolism are associated with the movement of a blood clot into the lung from a large vein of the lower extremity.
7. Rapid heartbeat
Rapid heartbeat, which occurs periodically, with a fast step, excitement or other stress should not bother you.But if the rhythm disturbance lasts more than 15 minutes and especially if it is accompanied by shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, loss of consciousness, it is better to talk to a doctor. These symptoms may indicate a pathology of the heart – atrial fibrillation (atrial fibrillation). The risk of the disease increases with age. If left untreated, blood clots are likely to form, which can enter the blood vessels of the brain and cause ischemic stroke. Atrial fibrillation can signal the presence of serious cardiovascular diseases: coronary heart disease, hypertension, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, congenital or acquired heart disease.Therefore, with long-term rhythm disturbances, it is better to consult with a cardiologist, be examined and identify the cause of the rapid heartbeat in order to receive timely treatment and reduce the risk of premature death.
8. Chest pain
Chest pain may indicate the development of a malignant process in the mammary gland, but it may also be associated with heart pathologies. Ischemic heart disease is considered to be a “male” disease, but in fact, women are no less susceptible to strokes and heart attacks.According to the latest data, 90,214 women die more from sudden heart attacks in the United States than from any type of cancer. This is mainly due to the fact that heart attack in women is more difficult to diagnose due to the atypical symptoms. If you feel chest pain, especially during physical exertion, if you feel dizzy, vomit, vomit, shortness of breath, weakness, see a doctor immediately. Especially if it is accompanied by sudden pain in the hands, back, jaw, neck, stomach.These are atypical, “female” symptoms of a heart attack.
9. Shortness of breath
The appearance of shortness of breath during physical exertion is usually associated with excess weight or physical inactivity. However, if at the time of activity you feel short of breath, and it does not go away for a long time, this may be a sign of heart disease. For example, aortic stenosis (narrowing of the opening of the aorta in the area of the heart valve, which impedes the outflow of blood) or atherosclerosis of the coronary artery. Get timely help by consulting a cardiologist.
10. Sudden visual impairment
With age, visual acuity gradually decreases. But if you suddenly begin to see worse, double vision, blurred image, urgently consult a doctor. Sudden blurred vision can be a sign of stroke . This symptom is accompanied by loss of sensitivity in the arm or leg on one side of the body, unclear speech, and loss of coordination.
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Tachycardia: causes of appearance, main symptoms and signs, modern methods of diagnosis and treatment
Tachycardia is an increase in heart rate, which can be a normal reaction of the body to physical activity, stress, high body temperature, or is a symptom of certain diseases of the heart, lungs, thyroid gland, etc.d.
The main manifestations of tachycardia are: a feeling of rapid pulse, interruptions in the work of the heart, dizziness, weakness, etc. Depending on what symptoms accompany the tachycardia, one can assume the cause of its occurrence.
To clarify the cause of tachycardia, the following diagnostic methods are used: electrocardiogram, ultrasound of the heart, blood test for hormones, etc.
Treatment of tachycardia depends on the cause of its development.
What is the normal heart rate?
To determine your heart rate, measure your pulse. The heart rate should be measured within one minute, in a calm emotional and physical state, not earlier than 2 hours after the last meal, while sitting or lying down.
The concept of a “normal” heart rate is highly individual and depends on a person’s age, physique, body weight, physical form, type of diet, etc.For example, in athletes, the heart rate can be up to 40 beats per minute, and this is considered a normal variant.
According to the American Heart Association, a normal adult heart rate is between 50 and 100 beats per minute.
Thus, tachycardia is a condition when the pulse rate exceeds 100 beats per minute.
How to understand when tachycardia is normal and when is a symptom of the disease?
In a healthy person, the heart rate may increase in various situations, for example, during physical activity (running, swimming, brisk walking, etc.).etc.), emotional stress (joy, grief, anger, etc.), with a feeling of pain, in stuffy rooms, etc.
So, in what cases is tachycardia not a symptom of a disease?
- Tachycardia occurred after physical exertion, emotional stress, in a stuffy room. Heart palpitations are also observed with an increase in body temperature: as a rule, with an increase in body temperature by 1 degree, the heart rate increases by 10 beats per minute.
- During tachycardia, a healthy person has no symptoms such as shortness of breath, pain in the heart, dizziness, darkening of the eyes, fainting, etc.
- The heart rate is not exceeding the maximum for your age. In order to determine the maximum heart rate, subtract your age in years from 220 (for example, for a person 40 years old, the maximum heart rate should not exceed 180 per minute).
- The heart rate returns to normal on its own some time after the load is removed.It takes no more than 5 minutes for a healthy person to normalize the pulse.
Symptoms and signs of tachycardia
If tachycardia is a sign of a medical condition, it usually causes the following symptoms:
- Feeling of interruptions, “failures” in the work of the heart.
- Simultaneously with tachycardia, dizziness and darkening in the eyes occur, associated with a violation of the blood supply to the brain. Sometimes tachycardia can lead to fainting.
- Shortness of breath – a feeling of shortness of breath with little exercise or at rest.
- Pain in the chest and heart area may accompany an attack of tachycardia in some diseases (for example, with vegetative-vascular dystonia).
Causes of “pathological” tachycardia
There are many causes of tachycardia: diseases of the heart, nervous, endocrine systems, tumors, infections, etc. The combination of tachycardia with other symptoms can presumably indicate the cause of the tachycardia.However, only a general practitioner or cardiologist can clarify the diagnosis after special examinations.
Attacks of rapid heartbeat accompanied by dizziness, darkening of the eyes, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath, weakness, nausea and chest pain
This combination of symptoms indicates the possible presence of paroxysmal tachycardia. Paroxysmal tachycardia is a disease that is manifested by sudden attacks of rapid heartbeat.Attacks of this disease can be triggered by smoking, drinking coffee, alcohol, drugs and certain medications.
Depending on in which part of the heart a source appears that sends impulses to a frequent contraction of the heart, supraventricular (if impulses occur in the atria of the heart) and ventricular (if impulses occur in the ventricles of the heart) tachycardia are distinguished. To clarify the type of tachycardia, electrocardiography (ECG) allows. Clinically (that is, only on the basis of symptoms) the type of tachycardia cannot be specified.
Another reason for the above symptoms may be a violation of the rhythm of the heart – arrhythmia. There are many different types of arrhythmias, some of them are congenital, others are due to heart disease (for example, ischemic heart disease, rheumatism, etc.)
One of the most common types of arrhythmias that cause tachycardia is atrial fibrillation, which is characterized by frequent contractions of certain groups of atrial cells and irregular frequent contractions of the ventricles.Atrial fibrillation, as a rule, develops in elderly people with coronary heart disease, but it also occurs at a young age with diseases of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism), congenital heart defects, etc.
Based on symptoms alone, it is impossible to establish the cause of tachycardia or the type of arrhythmia, therefore, specialist advice and additional examinations are always required to clarify the diagnosis.
If tachycardia is combined with dizziness, darkening of the eyes, weakness, fatigue, dryness and pallor of the skin, then anemia (low content of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood) is a possible cause.An increased risk of anemia occurs in women with heavy periods and in pregnant women. Another reason for the appearance of these symptoms may be a malignant blood disease – leukemia. A complete blood count usually allows the doctor to clarify the diagnosis.
If tachycardia occurs against the background or some time after a large blood loss (eg, uterine bleeding, trauma, etc.), or profuse vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration , then the likely cause is dehydration and a decrease in circulating blood volume.The main signs of dehydration are: shortness of breath, weakness, pallor of the skin, dizziness, darkening of the eyes, thirst.
If tachycardia has appeared for a long time, is accompanied by a decrease in body weight, excessive irritability, excitability, hand tremors, lack of menstruation in women (amenorrhea) , then the possible cause is an increased thyroid function, or hyperthyroidism.
Tachycardia in combination with frequent headache, increased blood pressure, increased sweating, tremors in the hands , may indicate pheochromocytoma, a tumor that produces adrenaline.
Attacks of tachycardia in combination with dizziness, fear of death, panic attacks, shortness of breath, chest pain may indicate vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD). Read more about this in the article All about VSD and its treatment. It should be borne in mind that other diseases can be hidden under the signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia, for example, paroxysmal tachycardia, hyperthyroidism, etc. (see above)
Tachycardia in children
A child’s normal heart rate varies with age, body temperature, ambient temperature, sleep or wake state, etc.e. Slight fluctuations in the child’s heart rate should not cause panic in the parents, as they are completely normal and indicate a good ability of the child’s heart to adapt to the changing needs of the body.
Depending on age, a child’s normal heart rate is:
Normal heart rate per minute, heart rate
In a healthy child, tachycardia is a normal reaction to physical activity (active games, running, etc.)etc.), emotions (joy, crying), fever, pain, being in a stuffy room, etc.
The main causes of tachycardia and its manifestations in a child do not differ from those in adults.
Sinus tachycardia in a child is an increase in heart rate compared to the norm for the child’s age (see table). There are many causes of sinus tachycardia in children: high body temperature in infectious diseases, heart disease (rheumatism), mitral valve prolapse, increased thyroid function (hyperthyroidism), anemia, etc.Sinus tachycardia in children usually does not cause any symptoms and goes away after the causes of its occurrence are eliminated.
When should I see a doctor immediately?
- You should see a general practitioner or cardiologist as soon as possible, if:
- One or more episodes of loss of consciousness (fainting)
- Presence of chest pain
- Attacks of dizziness, darkening in the eyes
- If palpitations appear for no apparent reason and does not go away within 5 minutes
- If tachycardia has occurred against the background of other existing heart diseases.
Detection (diagnosis) of the causes of tachycardia
If you experience tachycardia, as well as interruptions in the work of the heart, dizziness and other symptoms described above, you should consult a physician or cardiologist. The doctor will ask questions, the answers to which will help to find out the possible causes and features of the development of the disease, listen to your heart and, if necessary, prescribe additional examination methods. The main methods for identifying the causes of tachycardia are:
- A general blood test allows you to clarify the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin and other blood cells, which allows you to detect diseases such as anemia, leukemia, etc.
- A blood test for thyroid hormones (thyroxine, triiodothyronine), urine analysis for the presence of adrenaline breakdown products in pheochromocytoma can exclude hormonal causes of tachycardia.
- An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a method of recording electrical impulses from the heart. Thanks to the ECG, the doctor finds out the frequency and rhythm of the heart contractions, and also identifies the changes characteristic of various heart diseases. ECG allows you to clarify the diagnosis of sinus (supraventricular) or ventricular tachycardia.If necessary, you will be offered bicycle ergometry – registration of the work of the heart during physical activity (work on a stationary bike).
- A Holter electrocardiogram is a 24-hour record of the heart. Thanks to this method of examination, the doctor will be able to obtain data on how your heart works in various conditions (during sleep, during physical activity, etc.)
- Echocardiography (echocardiography, or ultrasound of the heart) allows you to evaluate the work of the heart muscle, as well as the valves of the heart.Ultrasound of the heart can reveal various heart defects, as well as signs of chronic diseases (for example, coronary heart disease, hypertension, etc.)
Treatment of tachycardia
Based on the data obtained during the conversation, examination and additional examination, the doctor prescribes treatment. Treatment of tachycardia depends on the causes of its occurrence, the person’s age, the presence of other diseases, etc.
What should be done in case of a tachycardia attack?
- Unbutton the collar of your shirt, go to the open window, or go outside.
- If you have severe dizziness or have darkened eyes, ask others to help you.
- Place a wet towel or other cold object (such as a bottle of cold water) on your forehead.
- Hold your breath for a few seconds and try to contract your abdominal muscles, as you would during a bowel movement. This maneuver will increase the tone of the vagus nerve and lower the heart rate.
- If, as a result of the measures taken, the condition does not improve, call an ambulance.
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