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Pictures of damaged toenails: Pictures of Toenail Colors and What They Mean


Nail Fungus Treatment, Pictures, Causes, Remedies & Medications

Medically reviewed by Joseph Palermo, DO; Board Certificate: Internal Medicine/Geriatric Medicine


Baran, R., R.J. Hay, and J.I. Garduno. “Review of Antifungal Therapy, Part II: Treatment Rationale, Including Specific Patient Populations.” J Dermatolog Treat 19.3 (2008): 168-175.

Brillowska-Dabrowska, A., S.S. Nielsen, H.V. Nielsen, and M.C. Arendrup. “Optimized 5-Hour
Multiplex PCR Test for the Detection of Tinea Unguium: Performance in a Routine PCR
Med Mycol. 48.6 Sept. 2010: 828-831.

Bristow, I.R., and M.C. Spruce. “Fungal Foot Infection, Cellulitis and Diabetes: A Review.” Diabet Med 26 (2009): 548.

de Berker, D. “Clinical Practice. Fungal Nail Disease.” N Engl J Med. 360.20 May 14, 2009: 2108-2116.

Derby, R., P. Rohal, C. Jackson, et al. “Novel Treatment of Onychomycosis Using Over-the-Counter Mentholated Ointment: A Clinical Case Series.J Am Board Fam Med 24 (2011): 69.

Gaburri, D., J.M. Chebli, A. Zanine, A.C. Gamonal, and P.D. Gaburri. “Onychomycosis in
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.”
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 22.7 JulY 2008: 807-812.

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Some Patients: Cross-sectional Diagnostic Study and Development of a Diagnostic
Br J Dermatol. 163.4 Oct. 2010: 743-751.

Ginarte, M., Garcia-Doval, I., et al. “Observer Agreement in Toenail Disorders:
Implications for Diagnosis and Clinical Research.”
Br J Dermatol. 160.6 June 2009: 1315-1317.

Gupta, A.K., L.E. Lynch, N. Kogan, and E.A. Cooper. “The Use of an Intermittent
Terbinafine Regimen for the Treatment of Dermatophyte Toenail Onychomycosis.”
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 23.3 Mar. 2009: 256-262.

Kondori, N., A.L. Abrahamsson, N. Ataollahy, and C. Wennerås. “Comparison of a
New Commercial Test, Dermatophyte-PCR Kit, With Conventional Methods for Rapid Detection and
Identification of Trichophyton rubrum in Nail Specimens.Med Mycol. 48.7 Nov. 2010: 1005-1008.

Litz, C.E., and R.Z. Cavagnolo. “Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Diagnosis of Onychomycosis:
A Large, Single-Institute Study.” Br J Dermatol. 163.3 Sept. 2010: 511-514.

Nair, A.B., S.R. Vaka, S.M. Sammeta, H.D. Kim, P.M. Friden, B. Chakraborty, and S.N. Murthy. “Trans-ungual
Iontophoretic Delivery of Terbinafine.”
J Pharm Sci. 98.5 May 2009: 1788-1796.

Shemer, A., B. Davidovici, M.H. Grunwald, H. Trau, and B. Amichai. “Comparative
Study of Nail Sampling Techniques in Onychomycosis.”
J Dermatol. 36.7 Jul7 2009: 410-414.

Shemer, A., H. Trau, B. Davidovici, M.H. Grunwald, and B. Amichai. “Onychomycosis in
Psoriatic Patients – Rationalization of Systemic Treatment.”
Mycoses. 53.4 July 2010: 340-343.

Sigurgeirsson, B., J.H. Olafsson, J.T. Steinsson, N. Kerrouche, and F. Sidou. “Efficacy of
Amorolfine Nail Lacquer for the Prophylaxis of Onychomycosis Over 3 Years.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 24.8 Aug. 2010: 910-915.

Smijs, T.G., and S. Pavel. “The Susceptibility of Dermatophytes to Photodynamic
Treatment With Special Focus on Trichophyton rubrum.”
Photochem Photobiol. 87.1 Jan.-Feb. 2011: 2-13.

Sotiriou, E., T. Koussidou-Eremonti, G. Chaidemenos, Z. Apalla, and D. Ioannides. “Photodynamic
Therapy for Distal and Lateral Subungual Toenail Onychomycosis Caused by Trichophyton rubrum: Preliminary
Results of a Single-Centre Open Trial.”
Acta Derm Venereol. 90.2 Mar. 2010: 216-217.

Takahata, Y., M. Hiruma, Y. Shiraki, Y. Tokuhisa, T. Sugita, and M. Muto. “Treatment of
Dermatophyte Onychomycosis With Three Pulses of Terbinafine (500 mg Day for a Week).”
Mycoses. 52.1 Jan. 2009: 72-76.

Thomas, J., et al. “Toenail Onychomycosis: An Important Global Disease Burden.”
J Clin Pharm Ther. 35.5 Oct. 2010: 497-519.

Walling, H.W. “Subclinical Onychomycosis Is Associated With Tinea Pedis.Br J Dermatol. 161.4 Oct. 2009: 746-749.

Toenail Discoloration – Treatments for Yellow, Purple, Black Nails

It’s time to stop ignoring your toes. “Healthy nails have a plump, pink nail bed and pink nail plate with strong but thin nails,” says Dr. Dana Canuso, podatric surgeon and founder of Dr. Canuso Skincare for Feet.

But if you’re seeing when you look down is toenail discoloration—maybe they’re yellow, purple, black, or flecked with white spots—you should do something about it.

Toenail discoloration can be a local problem—just something wrong with the toenail for a short period of time. Or something wrong with your toenail for a long period of time, if what you’re dealing with is the telltale yellowing of toenail fungus. But less frequently, toenail discoloration can indicate something about your overall health.

Here’s a guide to what the color of your toenails means, and what you should do if they start looking funky.

If your toenail is. ..purple

ANGHIGetty Images

If your toenails are purple, this may be due to a subungual hematoma, or bruising under the nail bed. “Small blood vessels bleed underneath the nail, staining it darker,” says Miguel Cunha, DPM, founder of the NYC-based Gotham Footcare. “This is caused by trauma to the nail, such as dropping a heavy object or severely stubbing it.” (It may also turn black due to this. See below for more on that.)

When this type of bruising occurs, the best way to deal with it is generally patience. Do nothing and simply allow the healthy nail to grow in and gradually replace the darkened nail over time. But this can take “several months to resolve, as the toe nails only grow a millimeter per month,” he says.

If the nail becomes painful, you may need to have a doctor remove it. “This can happen sometimes if the pressure of blood accumulating underneath the nail plate becomes abnormal and excessive,” Cunha says.

In some cases, however, purple nails can also signify a circulation issue—the purple color indicates that the nail is receiving less oxygen than it needs, says Canuso. There may also be pain in the toe or nail. If the reason for your purple nail is unlikely to be a bruise, you really need to get to the bottom of the circulatory issue. See your doctor if you have a purple nail and don’t remember injuring it.

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If your toenails are…yellow or brown

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A common reason for yellow or brown nails is toenail fungus. And if this is the case, it’s likely your nails will be thick and brittle, too. Toenail fungus can happen from wearing moist sneakers or wearing the same pair for too long. “The insides of shoes are a perfect environment to harbor fungal organisms. This condition often begins as an infection in the skin,” says Cunha. As the nail fungus penetrates deeper into the nail, it may cause the nail to discolor, thicken, and develop crumbling edges.

Treatment of this condition depends largely on the severity of the infection, and to find that out, experts say you should really go to a doctor and get a nail biopsy. This will help guide exactly what to do about it. A nail biopsy sounds kind of extreme in a world where the drugstore offers plenty of OTC remedies. But if you really want something that works against toenail discoloration and fungus—and you do, because nail fungus can take a long time to get rid of—you need to see a doctor and get that biopsy to be sure you’re using the right product to solve the right problem.

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Men’s Health

“Medicated antifungal nail lacquer may be prescribed for a localized mild to moderate infection. Prescription oral antifungal medications may be prescribed for a more serious infection,” Cunha says. Laser nail treatment is an alternative to oral medication, in which the laser passes a light through the toenail to kill the fungus without causing damage to the nail or the surrounding tissues. Just be aware that laser treatments can hurt and they’re not as well proven as the other remedies.

There are other reasons for yellow and brown nails as well, including complications from diabetes. If you have diabetes, make sure your doctor checks your feet every time you visit (you should do foot checks as well). Yellow nails could also signify—in rare cases—respiratory or lung issues. (Find out more about yellow nail syndrome here.)

If your toenail is…white or has white spots

deepspacedaveGetty Images

White spots or lines on the nail, or leukonychia, can indicate several conditions. “White lines can appear if there is recurring pressure or trauma to the nail—for instance, if a runner wears shoes that are too small and the toe continues to hit the top of the shoe,” Cunha says. White spots will form if the injury was not severe enough to break the blood vessel, which would lead to darkening.

Leukonychia can also stem from a zinc or iron deficiency, says Canuso.

If the white spots are caused by injury, try taking a nail-fortifying vitamin like biotin to improve hair, skin, and nails — and of course, you should stop doing whatever traumatic activity you’ve been doing. “Be patient and simply allow the healthy nail to grow and gradually replace the white nail over time,” Cunha says. This can take several months to resolve, as toenails typically grow only about a millimeter each month. If you suspect you’re not getting all the nutrients you need, talk with a doctor or dietician.

If your toenail is…all black

Jasmin MerdanGetty Images

“The most common reason for nails that are completely black is trauma,” says Canuso. Simply stubbing your toe can cause a bruise to form under the toenail, which in turn can turn your nail black. And many distance runners aren’t strangers to the surprise black toenail after a long run in shoes you initially thought fit well.

If this happens, you must wait for the entire nail to grow out before the discoloration is gone, which can take about six to nine months, she says.

Black nails may also come from other causes, such as a B12 deficiency, kidney problems, or liver disease. If you’re concerned about any of the above conditions, consult with a physician, but be aware that these reasons for toenail discoloration are relatively rare.

If your toenail isn’t black, but has a black stripe running across or down it, the most common cause is a condition called linear melanonychia. “This condition occurs when pigments in the nail known as melanocytes make excess pigment, causing the nail beds to darken,” Cunha says.

The weirdest recent report of a nail stripe we’ve heard is from Beijing Children’s Hospital, where an 8-year-old came in with a mysterious blue band running down her nail. When doctors inspected it further, they noticed there was a blue substance deep under the nail. After talking with the girl and her family, they discovered she’d been playing with blue slime. It’s unusual for an external pigment to be that far into the nail, but doctors credit the “non-Newtonian fluid properties” of slime for allowing the pigment to siphon up the nail. If your nails are turning really unusual colors, tell your doctor about the history of your activities and things you’ve touched. Sounds simple, but it’s too easy for everyone to rely on advanced diagnostics—because we can—rather than relying on a simple conversation to inform a diagnosis.

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What Happens After You Get a Toenail Removed?: Jeremy Moran, DPM: Podiatrist

When conservative treatments fail to improve the condition of a broken, ingrown, or infected toenail, the best solution may be full or partial removal of the damaged toenail.  

While it’s typically used as a last resort, toenail removal can stop an infection, decrease ingrown nail pain, and help a nail heal from a traumatic injury. 

An experienced podiatrist can put you at ease and ensure you get optimal results from this procedure. Toenail removal specialist Jeremy Moran, DPM, provides expert in-office toenail removal services at his private practice, ToeOp, in Tomball, Texas. 

Dr. Moran performs virtually painless toenail removal surgery so our patients can regain normal walking and foot function after suffering from severe toenail pain. 

Toenail removal procedure

Dr. Moran performs toenail removal surgery in the comfort of our ToeOp office. Depending on the reason for surgery, the procedure involves removing the entire nail (avulsion) or part of the nail (debridement). 

An injection into the affected toe numbs the area so you don’t feel pain. Dr. Moran uses special tools to separate the nail from the nail bed. If part of the nail is diseased, he may remove only that portion of the nail.  

After removing the affected nail, Dr. Moran treats the area to destroy fungi or other types of infections. 

If we’re removing your nail because of recurring infections or repeated ingrown toenails, Dr. Moran may destroy the nail matrix with a chemical or laser after removing the nail plate. The nail matrix is the cuticle area where your nail starts to grow. Destroying the nail matrix prevents the nail from growing back.

At the end of the surgery, we treat the bare toe with an ointment and cover it with gauze. The total surgery time is typically about an hour.

Post-surgery care

While the local anesthetic should keep you pain-free during surgery, you may experience post-surgery discomfort and throbbing that you can treat with over-the-counter pain relievers. You may have to take an oral antibiotic if your toenail was infected.

It’s common to experience a light yellow discharge, bleeding, and swelling at the site of the removed toenail. You can minimize swelling by elevating your foot above the level of your heart when you’re seated.  

Follow Dr. Moran’s directions for wound care. To promote healing after toenail removal, we generally recommend that you:

  • Wash around the wound with water twice daily, as directed
  • Keep the toe covered with a thin layer of petroleum jelly or antibiotic ointment, as recommended, and a nonstick bandage during the first week
  • Remove the bandage when you sleep, beginning in the second week post-surgery, to promote healing
  • Wear open-toe or loose-fitting shoes for the first two weeks

You have to limit your activity for the first day or two after surgery. Be careful to avoid bumping the affected toe. 

Returning to normal

It can take about two to three weeks for the wound to heal. Watch for signs of infection during the healing period. Contact Dr. Moran if you experience increasing pain, swelling, drainage, or redness at the surgical site. 

Our patients usually resume normal activities a few days after surgery. Wait to return to sports or any other strenuous activities for about two weeks or until Dr. Moran advises it’s safe to do so. 

A new toenail can take 18 months or longer to grow. When the nail regrows, it may have an unusual shape or appearance. 

Find out more about toenail removal and ways to get relief from ingrown and infected toenails.  Schedule an appointment for an examination by calling us at ToeOp today.

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 31, 2020.

What is Nail Trauma?

A fingernail or toenail can be injured by a blow to the nail or by closing the finger or toe in a door or drawer. This kind of trauma commonly results in blood under the nail, a condition called subungual hematoma. Nails also can be accidentally torn or split, or a splinter can get under the nail.  

Repeated trauma to toenails, caused by ill-fitting shoes, can lead to deformities in the nails. The deformities may resemble a fungal infection; nails can be thickened or discolored and can lift away from the nail bed, which causes cosmetic concerns.

Habits such as nail biting and cuticle biting also can cause trauma to the nails. Nail biting is a main cause of acute paronychia, a type of infection in which bacteria get underneath the tissue at the side of the nail and cause swelling and irritation. Repetitive picking at your thumb’s nail and cuticle with your index finger can produce a line of horizontal hatch marks in the middle of the nail. In extreme cases, the nail can split.


A subungual hematoma appears dark red under the nail. The finger or toe is painful and may throb.

Other nail trauma also may be painful, and the nail can split, crack, or lift away from the nail bed.


Your doctor can examine any nail trauma to decide what course of action is best. Depending on the trauma, your doctor may want to have X-rays taken.

Expected Duration

Nail injuries can be noticeable until the damaged nail grows out. Fingernails usually regrow completely in about two months. Toenails take about four months. If injury includes the base of the nail, some cosmetic changes may be permanent.


To help prevent nail trauma:  

  • Wear properly sized shoes. Many people wear shoes that are too small, which can lead to many foot problems, including toenail trauma.  
  • Keep your fingernails trimmed and do not bite your nails or cuticles.


Treatment for a subungual hematoma is aimed at relieving pressure by draining the blood trapped under the nail. For a small hematoma, you can heat a needle or the end of a paper clip until it is red-hot. Using gentle pressure, the hot tip can penetrate the nail, creating a small hole through which blood can drain. The nail may remain discolored after the procedure.  

Some people do not feel comfortable doing this at home. Your physician can provide the same treatment in his or her office using a sterile blade or needle. If blood takes up more than half of the area under your nail, a physician should evaluate the nail. Occasionally, the nail may need to be removed so a deep tear can be repaired with stitches. 

If the nail is torn or jagged, you should trim it to avoid snagging it on things and further injuring it. 

If your nail lifts completely off the nail bed, it may be most comfortable initially to replace the nail and hold it in place with a bandage. Nails will not reattach themselves to the nail bed after they have separated from it, but in most cases new nail will slowly regrow. 

When To Call A Professional

If blood under the nail occupies more than half of the nail area, a physician should evaluate the finger because it could signify an underlying bone fracture or tissue tear. Your doctor also should evaluate bleeding under the nail that is not caused by trauma.  

If you experience a nail injury, make sure that your tetanus vaccination is up to date.


The outlook is excellent. If the trauma to the nail injures the nail matrix (the tissue inside the cuticle at the base of the nail where new nail is formed), a ridge or split can develop. If the matrix heals normally, this deformity eventually will disappear as the nail regrows.

External resources

American Academy of Dermatology


Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Medical Disclaimer

Toe Nails Trauma: can Nails Extension be the Solution?

Toe Nails Trauma: can Nails Extension be the Solution? The Answer is Yes! Gel Nails Extension can give a new , looked-after and healthy aspect to your Feet, provided that it is suitably carried out, choosing Professional Nail Supplies and the most suitable Working Methods! Enjoy your Reading!

Over the years, in our Nail Salons Pics Nails often happened to meet Customers who had different nail problems, liked to past Trauma repeated in time that already visibly damaged their Toe Nails, causing aesthetic problems, and not only!

Often, a traumatised and damaged Nail in fact is not just a problem linked to the aesthetic field, but it can compromise also our psycho-physical wellness, from the comfort of wearing a shoes up to the psycho difficulties. ..it is not always easy to show a Foot with an “unpleasant” aesthetic aspect ad it often happens that who suffers from these diseases, chooses not to show their feet, even during the hottest months of the year!

Even is less frequently, it also happened to know Male Customers who suffered from Toe Nails Trauma!
We know that, unlike Women, Men are more reluctant to do Aesthetic Treatments and they choose unlikely to contact experts to remedy annoying problems like this!

But, just as we told in the Deepening dedicated to Onychophagy, also for Men it is possible to adopt some little solutions and precautions able to solve their nail problem, in a moderate way and with a finish which is not evident and completely natural!

As in the Case shown in the Photo here Beside: a very evident and unaesthetic nail problem for the feet of a Customer, then solved with the use of a Nail Drill useful, in these cases, to “lower” the thicken Nail to give it a more natural aspect!

Only in this way it will be possible to Rebuild the Nail, being very careful of choosing then the most suitable Gel Camouflage to obtain a natural finish and effectively hide the underlying nail surface. Once concluded the Nails Extension, moreover, it will be appropriate perfecting the work by trying to obtain a “matte” effect with the aid of a Smoothing Nail File, thus avoiding the gloss effect which is not appropriate for Male Nails!


But let’s go back to the main Question: the Nails Extension as an useful method to hide and solve the blemishes linked to the Toe Nails Trauma!
In the photo Nex to there is a first example of how it is possible: in this case our Nail Technicians chosen to carry out a Gel Nails Extension realised with Nail Forms and, therefore, with the method called “sculptural”!


For this Customer it has been selected a Natural Color able to give a natural and extremely looked-after finish to the work: Feet have a new, healthy and aesthetically impeccable aspect!

Here is again another example relating to a Gel Nails Extension with Nail Forms, a method that has been selected also for this Customer who had a very traumatised hallux and desired to give life to her Feet!

In the photo beside we show you the “before and after” precisely to prove how it is possible to obtain a very satisfying result even such cases!
The Nails Extension with Sculptural method allowed to create and literally “give life” to the Nail of the Hallux by covering the skin area with the Gel conveniently applied and shaped to achieve a natural and completely credible finish!

Obviously, before proceeding with the Extension of the Nail, is fundamental to evaluate the sizes of the Hallux of the other foot, in order to obtain a balanced and harmonious work.
Our Advice, anyway, is to avoid Excessive Extensions, and to opt for a length that does not arrive beyond the fingertip and to work with care on the Gel sides so that to create “fake” Nail Walls and realise a really credible and perfect work!

Unlike the previous work, this time the Customer decided to opt for a more lively color: a timeless Red, a colour which is symbol of femininity, to be finally able to show Feet!

Still another Photo to tell you with concrete examples the possibilities at your disposal to solve this problem: in the case of this Customer, our Nail Technicians opted for a Gel Nails Extension with Tips for Feet, used for the Extension of the Hallux Nail visibly traumatised and damaged!


In this work, the Tips allowed to create an Impeccable Nails Extension and, moreover, the use of the Hexagon Glitter Powder Aquamarine allowed to attract the attention on the shiny and brilliant aesthetic aspect guaranteed by the use of the Glitter Products Pics Nails!
Also in this case, Feet acquired a New Amazing Look!

We conclude ths Series of Examples with a new case.
This time the Customer had – as it often happens especially to women, also because of tight-fitting shoes or with a tapered shape – a particularly damaged Pinkie Nail and she desired to obtain a balanced and perfect result for all the nails, giving to her Feet a looked-after and glamour look!

Also in this case, we chosen to Rebuilt the Pinkie Nail with the Aid of the Nail Tips! As you can see, the result obtained is completely natural and aesthetically pleasant, enhanced by the profundity of an intense and trendy colors as this!

We arrived at the end of this itinerary, created to show you how it is really possible to put remedy to aesthetic problems such as those that we told you!
Obviously, our first advice is always to contact a specialist doctor in case of nail problems, to be able to find an appropriate therapy, if necessary. Our aim, here in our Nail Artist Blog, is to tell and show examples of real cases that we were able to aesthetically solve!

16 home remedies for toenail fungus

Risk factors | Diagnosis | Home remedies | Over-the-counter medicine | Prescription drugs | When to see a doctor

Toenail fungus, also known as onychomycosis or tinea unguium, is a common nail condition affecting millions of people in the United States. Fungal nail infections can develop on the nail from various organisms such as molds, yeasts, and fungi. This usually occurs after these organisms come into contact with a cracked nail or skin surrounding the nail as the opening provides a portal of entry for these organisms. 

Risk factors

When your feet sweat or remain moist or damp, the opportunity for the fungus to grow on your toenails increases. Frequent exposure to warm, moist environments such as swimming pools, locker rooms, or even living in a humid climate places you more at risk of developing these types of infections. This is also why these infections seem to be more prevalent during the summer months. 

Men have been known to develop these types of infections more than women as well as individuals with weakened immune systems—people with diabetes, poor circulation, and older adults. Individuals who frequent nail salons may also be placing themselves at risk of developing and spreading fungal infections to their feet. Evidence of a toenail infection includes change in nail color which may be white, yellow, brown, or even black. The nail may become thickened making it difficult for you to care for the nail on your own. Foul odor, brittleness, or even complete separation of the nail from the nail bed may occur. 


In order to confirm a toenail fungus, your doctor will first evaluate your feet. They may also decide to perform a culture where samples of the nail or skin may be taken for further evaluation at a laboratory. Because there are other causes of nail changes (psoriasis, microtrauma, poor nutrition, staining from nail polish), this is a vital step in picking the most appropriate treatment.

16 home remedies for toenail fungus

A variety of treatment options for toenail fungus are available, including drug-free alternatives, over-the-counter medicine, prescription drugs, laser treatment, or even surgical removal for those severe cases. Most people start with items they have around the house before purchasing medication or visiting their doctor’s office. These treatments are most effective in mild cases.

Try some of these effective home remedies for toenail fungus:

  1. Weekly maintenance
  2. Clean socks and shoes
  3. Hydrogen peroxide
  4. Black tea
  5. Vinegar
  6. Baking soda
  7. Epsom salt
  8. Essential oils
  9. Ozonated oils
  10. Olive leaf extract
  11. Snakeroot extract
  12. Zinc
  13. Garlic
  14. Cornmeal
  15. Diet changes
  16. Exercise

1. Weekly maintenance

First, prepare your nails for treatment by trimming and filing them once a week. Clipping toenails relieves pressure on the nails and helps antifungal solutions penetrate the nail. Use traditional toenail clippers and an Emory board to keep nails short and thin. Make sure to disinfect utensils after each use. Maintaining trimmed, clean, and dry nails will be essential in treating toenail fungus and preventing it in the future.

2. Clean socks and shoes

Regularly changing your socks and shoes can also cut down on the growth of unwanted foot fungus. Both socks and athletic shoes can also be washed in hot water to rid the growth of yeasts and fungi that may be growing on the fabric. Some shoes can be machine dried. Drying shoes in the sun is another option when cleaning footwear.

Adding a half-cup of baking soda or one cup of vinegar to the washing machine can help eliminate bacteria or fungus on socks or shoes.

Boots and other footwear that are not machine washable could be wiped out with a vinegar and water solution or sprayed with an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal spray. Medicated powders are also helpful in treating shoes for foot fungus. 

Allowing the feet to breathe by taking off shoes and socks when possible can prevent fungal growth. Protect your feet by wearing breathable footwear and clean socks. Antimicrobial socks and shoes made from bamboo, copper, or specialty fabrics are also available. They can help reduce unwanted bacteria and yeast from growing in your footwear. 

A proactive approach to keeping your feet clean and dry can prevent the spread of toenail fungus. You can wash or soak feet with warm soapy water or a foot bath using everyday household items. Soaking your feet in an all-natural, homeopathic concoction can be beneficial in reducing or eliminating toenail fungus. 

3. Hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide can kill fungus that grows on toenails. You can directly wipe hydrogen peroxide on your infected toes or toenails with a clean cloth or cotton swab. Hydrogen peroxide can also be used in a foot soak. Mix ⅛ cup of hydrogen peroxide (or several capfuls) to four cups of cool water and soak feet for 10 to 20 minutes. Rinse feet with warm water and pat dry.

4. Black Tea

Soaking feet in plain tea can also be beneficial in treating toenail or foot fungus. Black tea contains tannic acid that dries out the feet, kills bacteria, and helps to close the foot’s pores to reduce sweating. Boil two quarts of water then add five to six tea bags. Allow the tea to cool and soak feet for 30 minutes. Use this foot soak daily if desired. 

5. Apple cider vinegar

Another home remedy to treat toenail fungus includes the use of apple cider vinegar. Vinegar is an antifungal ingredient that can be mixed with water to create a foot soak. It’s acetic acid component helps to whiten discolored toenails and stop the spread of the infection to other toes. Try two parts vinegar to one part warm water and soak feet for 20 minutes daily. For a more potent foot soak, the ratio could be one part vinegar to one part water. If the smell is too overwhelming, essential oils can be added to make the experience more pleasant. White vinegar can be used as an alternative as both are equally effective.

6. Baking soda 

Add baking soda to a foot soak to heal the affected nail. You can also make a paste of baking soda with a minimal amount of water and apply it directly to the foot. Allow the paste to sit on the affected area for 10 to 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water and dry the foot thoroughly.

Baking soda can also be sprinkled onto the foot or in the shoes like foot powder. Once applied to a dry foot, put on clean socks; the baking soda can wick away moisture while healing properties work to reduce toenail fungus.

7. Epsom salt

Soaking feet in an Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) bath can be beneficial to relieve your foot fungus. You can mix one cup of Epsom salt to two quarts of warm to hot water and soak feet for 10 to 20 minutes. You could also try a more elaborate Epsom salt concoction that includes:

  • 4 cups warm to hot water
  • ½ cup Epsom salt
  • ½ cup baking soda
  • ¼ cup hydrogen peroxide
  • ¼ cup vinegar

Mix all of the ingredients and soak feet for 15 to 20 minutes. Essential oils are a great addition to foot baths. Essential oils with healing properties to treat foot fungus are listed below. Following your foot soak, rinse your feet with clean water and pat dry with a clean towel. To avoid contaminating clean feet, put on clean socks and breathable shoes following your foot bath.

8. Essential oils

Essential oils are gaining popularity in homeopathic treatment to heal a variety of common ailments. Many essential oils have natural antibacterial and antifungal properties. Some essential oils that could help reduce toenail fungus include:

  • Tea tree oil
  • Clove oil
  • Clary sage oil
  • Jasmine oil
  • Lavender oil
  • Ylang-ylang oil
  • Eucalyptus oil
  • Cinnamon oil
  • Lemon oil
  • Lemongrass oil
  • Thieves oil
  • Wild oregano oil
  • Jojoba oil
  • Manuka tree oil

Dilute essential oils with a carrier oil, like coconut oil or olive oil, before applying them to the skin. Mix the desired oil or combination of oils with a carrier oil of your choice and apply a few drops to the affected nail. As previously mentioned, you can also add two to three drops of essential oils to footbaths.

9. Ozonated oils 

Ozonated oils, such as olive and sunflower oil, contain ozone gas. The idea is that ozone delivers oxygen to the affected areas, which kills bacteria and stimulates skin cells for faster healing. One study found that ozonated oil is an effective home remedy for toenail fungus. Researchers tested ozonized sunflower oil on 101 samples of yeast. The oil was an effective treatment against several fungal strains. To try this remedy, clean and dry your foot first. Gently massage a small amount of ozonated oil into the skin, working it into the affected nails and around the entire toe.

Olive leaf extract contains oleuropein, which is a natural antifungal and antimicrobial. A salve made from the olive leaf can be applied to the toenails to reduce infection. You may also swallow capsules containing the extract to boost the immune system and treat toenail fungus systemically. Approximately two olive leaf extract capsules can be taken twice a day for an extended period. Consult your healthcare provider before taking olive leaf extract. 

Snakeroot extract, made from plants in the sunflower family, is an all-natural antifungal homeopathic treatment also used to treat toenail fungus. Commonly used in Ayurvedic practices in India, snakeroot extract can be applied directly to the affected toenail. Apply the extract two to three times a week for several months. Ask your physician if snakeroot extract is right for your type of foot fungus. 

12. Zinc

Zinc oxide is a mineral that can treat fungal infections. As a skin protectant, miconazole-zinc oxide can be sprayed or applied to the affected area to fight infection and reduce signs of foot fungus. Check with your doctor to see if adding zinc to your foot care regimen is right for you.

13. Garlic

Garlic is a potent antimicrobial plant. For topical treatment, chop cloves of garlic and leave it on the affected nails for 30 minutes. Use raw garlic sparingly, as it can result in a chemical burn.

Ask a pharmacist about herbal supplements that contain garlic. These supplements can be taken orally to not only treat skin infections but also high blood pressure, heart disease, certain cancers, and prevent tick bites. Garlic supplements should not be taken by people with stomach ulcers, digestion problems, or bleeding disorders. It might also make birth control pills less effective. Talk to a healthcare professional before taking oral garlic supplements.

14. Cornmeal

Cornmeal has some antifungal properties. You can try applying cornmeal as a paste or a soak. For a paste, dissolve cornmeal in warm water in a shallow pan. Let the paste cool before using it on your feet. Let it sit for an hour. As a soak, add an inch of cornmeal to a shallow container. Pour an inch of warm water on top of the cornmeal, letting the cornmeal and water mix naturally for an hour. Then, add enough warm water to cover your entire foot and let it soak for an hour. You can try cornmeal as a weekly home remedy for toenail fungus.

15. Diet

Your current diet could be feeding fungus caused by Candida overgrowth. Here are some diet changes you can make to starve the yeast and improve toenail fungus:

  • Cut out sugar
  • Don’t drink alcohol
  • Limit your carbohydrates to one cup a day
  • Cook with coconut oil
  • Incorporate ginger and garlic
  • Supplement with a probiotic

16. Exercise

Regular exercise can expedite the healing process. As blood pumps faster through the body, it releases natural vitamins and flushes toxins. Just be sure to practice proper hygiene to avoid making toenail fungus worse. Wear socks that wick away excess moisture, use antifungal foot powder, remove shoes immediately after a workout to let feet breathe, and wear flip-flops or sandals in shower rooms or pools. Remember to wash your feet with antibacterial soap and completely dry your feet after your shower.

Over-the-counter toenail fungus treatment options

While home treatments can be the cure you are looking for to treat toenail fungus, they’re not regulated or approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Over-the-counter antifungal creams, sprays, and even medicated nail polish are available. Home remedies can often enhance the efficacy of these products.

Vicks VapoRub

One of the more popular over-the-counter remedies for treating toenail fungus is using Vicks VapoRub. Mentholated salves contain the natural ingredients menthol, eucalyptus oil, and camphor. Use Vicks alone or in conjunction with other treatments and medications. Clean feet and apply a small amount of Vicks VapoRub daily.


Soaking an infected nail in the OTC product Listerine can also help reduce or kill toenail fungus. Commonly used as a mouthwash, Listerine applied to the affected toe or toenail for 20 minutes twice a day can effectively reduce signs of onychomycosis.  

Athlete’s foot medication

Athlete’s foot sprays, powders, and creams are helpful in stopping fungal growth before it develops on the toenail or surrounding flesh. Brand-name products that you can purchase without a prescription include Tinactin, Micatin, Lamisil Spray, and Lotrimin AF. Ask a pharmacist at your local drugstore which is the best medication for your symptoms.

RELATED: Athlete’s foot treatments and medications

Toenail fungus prescription medications

Sometimes prescription medications are needed to treat a toenail infection that just won’t go away with natural remedies or over-the-counter medication in a few months. In this case, prescription-strength antifungal medication can eradicate stubborn onychomycosis.

Topical medications often are effective in treating mild to moderate toenail fungus. Topical solutions may include medicated nail polishes or liquid medications. Loprox (ciclopirox), Penlac (ciclopirox), Kerydin (tavaborole), and Jublia (efinaconazole) are among the top prescription drugs for toenail fungus.  

Oral medications can come in capsules, tablets, or liquid. Some common prescriptions are Diflucan (fluconazole), Lamisil (terbinafine), Onmel (itraconazole), and Sporanox (itraconazole).

Side effects of toenail fungus medication

One of the many benefits of using a homeopathic remedy is that there are little to no adverse side effects. Topical treatments often prescribed to treat toenail fungus can potentially burn or blister the skin. Oral medications for treating onychomycosis can cause liver or gastrointestinal damage. Be sure to read your medication’s list of potential side effects. Consult your pharmacist, physician, or specialist if you are concerned about side effects of prescription drugs. 

When to see a doctor about toenail fungus

If you are experiencing persistent toenail fungus or pain is present, you may need to see a specialist. A dermatologist or podiatrist may be able to assess your symptoms and send a small sample of the affected toenail or flesh to a laboratory to be analyzed as there are various types of fungi and yeasts that cause onychomycosis. Knowing the specific cause of your foot fungus can help identify what route to take to treat your condition. 

Nail changes can also be caused by underlying conditions, like psoriasis and diabetes, so it’s important to seek professional medical advice if your condition persists or worsens. Bacterial and fungal infection of skin in diabetes patients often result in hospital admissions, and in severe cases, can result in amputations. If you are at a higher risk for infection, you should skip home remedies and seek professional medical treatment.

12 Warning Signs of an Infected Toenail: LaSante Health Center: Multi-Specialty Health Clinic

Ingrown toenails are a common problem but that doesn’t mean you should ignore them. Take heed of the warning signs to avoid developing an infected toenail.

Does every step leave your foot aching in pain? You may want to get that checked out.

20% of people who see a doctor about foot problems have an ingrown toenail.

Instead of letting the problem get worse, know the warning signs. In this guide, we’ll review the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for an infected toenail. If you ignore these signs, however, the infection could spread.

Take action if you notice these warning signs of an infected toenail.

The Causes

A bacterium is often the main cause of an infected toenail. A fungus may have infected the toenail as well. When the skin around the toenail is infected, it’s called paronychia.

An ingrown toenail infection often occurs in the big toe.

Patients with diabetes or peripheral arterial disease are more likely to experience ingrown toenails. These patients may also experience severe complications after developing an infection.

If you believe you have an ingrown toenail infection, it may have been caused if you:

  • Cut your nail too short
  • Cut the cuticle around your nail
  • The side of your nail grows into the skin (indicating an ingrown toenail)
  • You picked up a fungus
  • You have a callus (thickened skin)
  • You soak your feet a lot

You can pick up a fungus from moist areas such as gym showers and locker rooms. If you’re a swimmer, the water may have also infected your toe.

People are more likely to pick up an infection if they have diabetes. High blood sugar levels can damage your blood vessels. This makes it more difficult for your body to fight off infections.

Diabetic nerve damage can also make it more difficult for you to feel a minor trauma. If you ignore pain around your foot for too long, it could lead to an infected toenail.

The Symptoms

18% of U.S. adults age 21 and older (40 million people) have experienced ingrown toenail. Unfortunately, many people don’t know to associate their symptoms with an ingrown toenail infection.

Usually, ingrown toenails start with minor symptoms. With time, these symptoms can escalate into bigger problems. Remember, leaving an ingrown toenail untreated can also lead to severe complications following the infection.

Here are a few of the warning signs to keep a look out for.

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Pain at contact
  • Foul odors
  • Pressure
  • Bleeding
  • Throbbing
  • Oozing fluids
  • Warmth
  • Pus-filled abscess
  • Inflamed tissues
  • Thick, cracked, yellowing nails

If you notice any of these signs of an infected toenail, seek help immediately. Left undetected, an infected toenail could cause a serious infection.

If you have diabetes, a minor foot injury may not heal properly. Make sure to visit a healthcare professional before these smaller injuries lead to a possible infection.

The Treatment

There are a few at-home ingrown toenail treatments you can try.

First, try soaking your feet in warm water. Consider using Epsom salt or coarse salt to soften your feet.

Repeat this three to four times a day for 15-minute intervals. Soaking your feet can reduce the swelling. It also relieves tenderness and helps the pus drain out.

You should experience some pain relief after soaking your feet.

Next, try placing a cotton ball or waxed dental floss under the edge of the ingrown toenail. This will help your nail grow above the skin.

You can also purchase an antibiotic cream. Place the ointment on the infected area. Then, bandage your toe to protect it from outside sources.

Make sure you’re wearing sensible footwear as well. Instead of squeezing your toe into a tight pair of shoes, wear open-toed shoes or sandals. You can switch back to your favorite pair of shoes after your toe feels better.

If the pain is unbearable, try taking pain relievers. These can include acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen sodium.

After trying these at-home treatments, watch your feet. If the infection doesn’t dissipate after a few days, make sure to see a doctor.


Here are a few tips to help you prevent experiencing an ingrown toenail infection in the future.


First, trim your toenails straight across. Many people try to curve their nails to match the shape of their big toe.

If you go to a salon to get your toenails done, make sure to tell your pedicurist to trim the nail straight across. Meanwhile, consider visiting a podiatrist regularly to have your nails trimmed if you can’t trim your nails alone. This includes patients with a condition that causes poor blood flow to the feet.

Make sure your toenails are kept at a moderate length as well.

Trim your nails so they’re even with the tips of your toes.

Cutting your nails too short can cause your shoes to press against the nails. This pressure can cause the nail to grow into the tissue.


Next, check your footwear. Make sure your shoes all fit properly.

Shoes that place too much pressure on your toes can cause nails to grow into the surrounding tissue.

People with nerve damage around the feet might not recognize their shoes fit too tightly. When you buy shoes, visit a shoe store that specializes in fitting shoes for people with foot problems.

You might also choose to wear protective footwear.

This is important if you have a job that puts your feet at risk. If there’s a chance your toes could get injured, consider buying steel-toed shoes.

Check Often

In the meantime, check your feet regularly.

Take note of any of the warning signs of an infected toenail we mentioned above. See your doctor immediately if you notice these signs.

If you’re a diabetes patient, check your feet daily for signs of an infected toenail.

Leaving your infected toenail untreated could cause the infection to spread. When an infection reaches underlying bone, it can also cause a serious bone infection.

Checking your feet regularly can help you avoid ingrown toenails and other foot problems.

Toe the Line: 12 Warning Signs of an Infected Toenail

Now that you know the warning signs of an infected toenail, keep a look out! Visit your doctor if at-home treatment doesn’t work. Otherwise, the infection could spread.

Request an appointment with us today to keep an infection from spreading.

90,000 causes and home treatment 9,0001


Detachment of the entire nail plate as a whole is an unpleasant and unattractive defect. At first, a person notices a white or yellowish spot of the color of a regrown nail, which grows deeper. Women often hide such flaky nails under decorative coatings at a time when urgent action and treatment are needed. Otherwise, the nail may come off completely. What can you do when the nail is loose from the skin? Medicine and home cosmetology will help to cope with this problem.

Causes of nail detachment

Detachment of nails of an infectious and non-infectious nature is otherwise called onycholysis. Infections (mainly mycoses) account for 40% of all cases. There are more than 200 varieties of mycoses of the hands, feet and nails. Some tend to literally corrode the connection between the nail and its bed. Without treatment, the nail plate can be lost, and the fungus will spread further: to the feet, other nails, between the toes, etc.

Non-infectious causes of nail detachment

  • Some chronic or acute illnesses have one of the symptoms of nail detachment.It can be vascular, gastrointestinal, and nervous diseases. The simplest example is a violation of the blood supply right under the nail bed. Also, the nail extending from the bed is associated with an untreated ulcer or gastritis.
  • Often, the nail leaves against the background of any hormonal pathology. In this case, you need to take care of the treatment of the underlying disease. Then the nail plates will return to normal, will not move away, break, etc.
  • Frequently flaking nails are caused by autoimmune disorders such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, eczema, or bullous dermatosis.
  • Nails sometimes flake off after taking certain antibiotics (fluoroquinolones). Peeling can also be a reaction to an unsuitable washing powder, detergent, solvent and other substances.
  • A common cause of onycholysis is a common trauma (severe pinching or bruising of the finger), after which the plate darkens, breaks and eventually comes off. And then it grows up again.
  • Inaccurate and inept manicure can also provoke nail separation: filing nails in different directions, at an angle, incorrect cut with deformation of the nail plate – all this can also contribute to delamination.

Almost every person at some point has a strong exfoliation of fingernails. This is not such a threatening pathology as complete detachment of the nail. But also unpleasant. The reasons for delamination are the same as stated above. Moreover, direct interaction with harmful components of household chemicals comes out on top among them.

Medical treatment of nail delamination

Only a doctor can determine exactly why the nails on the hands exfoliate and move away from the nail bed. Think of onycholysis as a signal your body uses to let you know about a current problem.Find out the cause of the delamination, undergo a course of treatment, and you will completely get rid of the disease and the cosmetic defect. Tried and tested home remedies for nail detachment will help you with this.

What will the doctor advise?

In any case, a course of fortifying vitamins and microelements is prescribed: vitamins of groups A and B, iron and calcium preparations. It is recommended to take gelatin daily for a long time (3 months).

Manicure and pedicure for nail problems should be done carefully and regularly.After all, when the nail moves away from the skin, a cavity forms under it. It needs to be cleaned of dirt so that an infection does not develop under the nail.

If problems with peripheral blood supply are found, the doctor will prescribe foot or hand massage, physiotherapy procedures to stimulate and restore normal blood circulation.

Be sure to visit a mycologist and make a scraping for the fungus, so as not to endanger your loved ones and not start this insidious disease.If the peeled nail changes color (turns yellow), then do it first. Treatment of mycosis takes from 3 months to a year, and is carried out with local remedies or tablets. In advanced cases, you even have to remove the damaged nail.

At the appointment with a mycologist

Home remedies for onycholysis and delamination

The main weapon against brittle and peeling nails is strengthening baths and lotions. We offer several types of them.

Potassium permanganate and salt

Add a few grains of potassium permanganate to warm water for the bath, dissolve.Also dissolve a full tablespoon of sea salt. After the bath (20-30 minutes) dry your feet with a towel and apply synthomycin emulsion or heliomycin ointment on problem nails and around them.

Oil and garlic

Crush five cloves of garlic in a garlic press or grate and mix them with butter 1 to 1. Cover the whole damaged flaking nails with this mixture, rub in the composition.


Cover nails with iodine. We recommend doing this at night so that the iodine layer evaporates during the night and the nails remain clean.


This recipe is against fungus and other infections. Use propolis tincture with alcohol. Apply cotton pads, abundantly soaked in tincture, on sore nails.

Herbal bath with oak bark

What to do if a toenail comes off? A bath of herbs and oak bark will help. Mix three tablespoons of chopped bark with chopped celandine (1 tablespoon table) and tablespoons. flowers of lilac and calendula. Leave the mixture in a water bath, pouring two glasses of boiling water over it.

Prevention measures

You have successfully dealt with nail detachment with medical advice. What’s next? Now Follow Simple Prevention Tips

  • During treatment and in the future, set a gentle regime for your hands – protect them from direct contact with aggressive substances from household chemicals. Force yourself to always wear gloves when doing dirty household or industrial work.
  • Only wear your own shoes, gloves, socks, etc.Tidiness doesn’t guarantee you’ll never get the fungus, but it increases your chances of having healthy nails and fingers.
  • Timely care for your nails with a strictly individual manicure tool.
  • Get tempered and active to support circulation to your extremities.
  • Avoid Injury
  • Monitor your own health, do not take medications uncontrollably, get timely treatment for internal diseases.

90,000 Onycholysis: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Onycholysis of nails is a dystrophic lesion of the nail plate, manifested in its separation from the bed with partial or complete preservation of the usual shape.Pathology with the same frequency develops on the fingers or toes. About 60% of detected cases of the disease become the consequences of trauma, up to 30% are formed under the influence of dermatomycosis. The remaining 10% are somatic diseases, dermatoses or pyoderma. The disease can develop in a person at any age; women are diagnosed more often than men. In case of traumatic damage to the nail, the pathology does not cause significant discomfort to the wearer, the treatment is carried out for aesthetic reasons.

Reasons for development

Dermatologists distinguish three groups of reasons for the development of the disease:

90,098 90,019 injuries

  • mycoses;
  • allergies.
  • The mechanism of development of onycholysis on the fingers is determined by the root cause of the pathology.

    Traumatic injuries to the hands or feet affect the nails and nail bed. A subungual hematoma forms between them, the vessels in the upper layers of the dermis are compressed, which leads to a malnutrition of the nail, a change in its chemical composition and loss of elasticity.The plate is deformed, the connection between it and the bed weakens. Delamination occurs on the side of the free edge. Loss of adherence increases the risk of infection and inflammation. The nail root does not lose its connection with the matrix. After resorption of the hematoma, the plate grows in the same mode.

    Infectious onycholysis on the hands or feet occurs due to inflammation. The process includes three stages:

    • alteration – pathological damage to the dermis, cells of the immune system produce cytokines and inflammatory mediators;
    • exudation – a violation of the water-electrolyte balance in the tissues, swelling of the nail, the development of pathogenic microflora on the bed;
    • proliferation – the development of hyperkeratosis of the nail bed with its subsequent deformation.

    Normal growth of the nail plate begins after the complete relief of the inflammatory process. Complicated onycholysis of nails on the hands or feet will require the patient not only to comply with all medical prescriptions of the dermatologist, but also to follow the diet.

    The allergic variant of the pathology develops according to a scenario similar to the inflammatory scenario. In the exudation stage, an excess amount of antibodies to pathogenic microflora is produced. This leads to an increase in the sensitivity of the skin, intensification of the processes of deformation of the nail plate and the adjacent dermis.The regeneration process slows down significantly.


    Dermatologists distinguish several main types of pathology based on the clinical picture of the disease and the cause of the damage to the patient’s nail plates. The most common types of onycholysis are:

    • traumatic;
    • dermatological;
    • endocrine;
    • systemic;
    • fungal;
    • bacterial;
    • allergic.

    Traumatic nail injuries occur after injuries or burns to the patient’s tissues. The likely causes are splinters, excessive physical influences, the influence of poisonous or toxic substances. Toes can be hurt when wearing tight or poorly ventilated shoes.

    The dermatological type of pathology develops under the influence of dermatoses, leading to disturbances in the processes of cellular nutrition in the affected area. Endocrine onycholysis is the result of humoral disorders in the human body or chronic disorders of the endocrine glands.

    Systemic onycholysis is caused by diseases of the human digestive tract and subsequent metabolic disorders. The condition of the patient’s tissues improves significantly after the elimination of the disease, the root cause of the separation of the nails from the bed.

    The fungal type of pathology is formed after the formation of colonies of microfungi in the subungual space. The subsequent change in the nail bed almost does not affect the nail itself, which remains unchanged.The disease develops as a result of prolonged mycotic infection.

    The bacterial course of onycholysis is the result of the addition of a secondary infection in any type of pathology. Allergic lesions of nail tissue develop against the background of the patient taking medications, contact with chemicals or directed ultraviolet radiation.

    Symptoms on hands and feet

    The clinical picture of the disease is the same for all types of pathology: the nail plate is separated from the bed from the free edge in the distal or lateral sections to the nail hole.The color of the plate changes from flesh to gray-white due to the ingress of air into the subungual gap. With the development of pathogenic microflora in the formed free space, further color change is possible: yellow becomes the result of bacterial infections, brown – the formation of a colony of micro-fungi, green – lesions with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    Bacterial infections affect the structure and strength of the nail plate. The surface of the nails loses its shine, becomes rough and gradually deforms.The subungual space is filled with dirt and keratin. This leads to the development of hyperkeratosis, characterized by an unpleasant odor. With advanced stages of pathology, a focus of secondary inflammation may develop. Detachment of a part of the nail is called partial onycholysis, the entire plate is called total.

    Seeing a doctor

    Finding the first symptoms of onycholysis is a good reason for a visit to the clinic. Any stage of the disease requires consultation with a dermatologist. During the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, the patient may need the opinions of other specialists: endocrinologist, surgeon, therapist.

    Ignoring the symptoms of pathology can lead to multiple damage to the nail plates on the hands and feet of the patient, the formation of numerous foci of infection and damage to other tissues and body systems.

    Do you have symptoms of onycholysis?

    Only a doctor can accurately diagnose the disease.
    Do not delay the consultation – call by phone

    +7 (495) 775-73-60

    Diagnostics on legs and arms

    The diagnosis is made during a visual examination of the patient by a dermatologist.The development of onycholysis is preceded by damage to the nail plates by Bo lines, which appear against the background of damage to the nail matrix. This sign indicates systematic injuries or the presence of somatic pathologies.

    Obtaining scrapings from damaged tissues for laboratory research and exclusion of mycotic lesions of the nail and nail bed becomes an obligatory stage of clinical tests. Differential diagnosis of onycholysis is carried out with mycoses, psoriasis, lichen planus, Bowen’s disease and onychodystrophies of unknown etiology.

    Different types of onycholysis on the fingers or toes will require in-depth analyzes to establish the causes of the development of pathology with a multiple clinical picture. The reason for this is the variety of colors of the nail plates, visible differences in their structure, transparency, area of ​​hyperkeratotic layering.

    Treatment of nail onycholysis

    Pathology requires complex therapy. The key task is to treat the underlying disease, against the background of which nail onycholysis develops.An allergic type of damage to the nail plate requires the patient to consult with a nutritionist or gastroenterologist to correct the digestive system through diet. Eliminating the imbalance of minerals and vitamins will reduce the likelihood of further progress of onycholysis.

    The traumatic type of pathology involves daily removal of the growing tissues of the exfoliated area, followed by disinfection of the subungual space and protection of the bed with an antibacterial plaster.

    Large areas of detachment are treated with surgery. After removing the nail plate, antibacterial and antiseptic dressings are applied to the bed. The operation allows surgeons to remove hyperkeratotic layers, dirt and the consequences of the development of hematomas. The restoration of the nail is carried out using gelatinous solutions of various concentrations.

    Bacterial and mycotic nail lesions are treated with alcohol solutions of aniline paints, antibacterial and antifungal drugs.


    You can make an appointment with the specialists of Medicina JSC (Academician Roitberg’s clinic) on the website – an interactive form allows you to choose a doctor by specialization or search for an employee of any department by name and surname. Each doctor’s schedule contains information about visiting days and hours available for patient visits.

    Clinic administrators are ready to accept an application for an appointment or call a doctor at home by phone +7 (495) 775-73-60.

    Convenient location on the territory of the central administrative district of Moscow (CAD) – 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya lane, 10 – allows you to quickly get to the clinic from the metro stations “Mayakovskaya”, “Novoslobodskaya”, “Tverskaya”, “Chekhovskaya” and “Belorusskaya” …

    Wavy nails on hands and feet: causes, treatment

    If any irregularities on the surface of the nails become noticeable, you should find out the reason for these changes.Wavy nails can affect the appearance, and also indicate significant disturbances in the functioning of internal organs. The deformation can be invisible to the eye, or it can be pronounced. Most often, you can notice the modification on the thumbs, since they have the widest nail plate. Uneven nails may contain one small wave or have a solid bump. This can be seen by looking at the thumbnail in profile. If the bumpy marigolds are varnished, all irregularities and waves, even minor ones, will be noticeable on the nails.So why do nails get wavy?

    Causes wavy nails

    Most often, waviness appears on the thumbs. Basically, it occurs as a result of injuries and other mechanical influences on the hands. In addition, the flaws on the thumbnails are much more noticeable than on the rest. But if “waves” are visible on other fingers, it means that it is not only a matter of injury to the nail.

    It is best to study the presence of “waves” by looking at the arms from the side.In the “profile” of the nail, you can see how deep the depressions are. “Waves” can be the same or different in length and width, almost imperceptible and very deep. It happens that the longitudinal cavity “grows” simultaneously with the nail, no matter how much it is cut.

    You can better verify the waviness of the nail if you paint it with bright varnish without a pearlescent tint. Then the irregularities will seem “in all their glory.” Having discovered such a nuisance, you do not need to be upset: you can get rid of it if you establish the cause of the occurrence.

    Causes of wavy fingernails

    Why are fingernails wavy?

    Sometimes the “grooves” that appear are just a cosmetic problem caused by improper nail care. Perhaps the manicure was not performed accurately enough, and the cuticle was roughly cut. Or, in contact with household chemicals, the hands were not protected by gloves.

    But it often happens that wavy nails are a sign of serious health problems. What can you expect?

    • Fungal infection.Mycoses are a frequent guest on the hands of even very scrupulous people. After all, such an infection can be picked up very simply: for example, using the personal belongings of an infected person or even unsuccessfully “walking” in public places like a gym. If you suspect a fungus, you should immediately consult a doctor, since delaying treatment greatly delays recovery.

    Mycosis is primarily reported by yellowed nails. Their crumbling, the appearance of itching and painful sensations can also be observed.There are many types of fungi, so first you need to pass laboratory tests. Based on their results, the doctor will select the optimal treatment. An individual approach in the fight against mycosis is the main criterion for a successful recovery. But in no case should you self-medicate: this is fraught with a deterioration in health.

    Even if it turns out that the cause of the waviness of the nails is not at all a fungus, you should still follow the rules for its prevention. Basically, this is adherence to hygiene standards: do not wear someone else’s shoes, change socks every day, do not be barefoot in baths and saunas.

    • Non-fungal lesions. Nails can suffer from a variety of disease-causing microbes. They are just as “good” as a fungal infection, affecting the nail plates and deforming them. Therefore, even if it seems that there is nothing wrong with the “waves”, you should still consult a doctor. Treatment will not be superfluous.

    Why nails become wavy in children and how to treat deformed nail plates

    Why nails get wavy Waves and bumps on your nails can occur at any age.The causes of wavy nails in children, as well as in adults, are different, but there are much fewer of them.

    The nail plates at this age are thin, so they are easily injured, which leads to irregularities. Children often bite their nails and damage the thin skin around them.

    Because of this, the infection penetrates the skin, nails, causing inflammation and defects on the nail plates. The waviness of the nail plates in a child can occur against the background of frequent colds, pneumonia.Deformation of nails in childhood can be caused by a fungal disease. Waves on the nails often occur due to a violation of the carbohydrate balance and vitamin deficiency.

    The cuticle and base of the baby’s nails are very thin and delicate. Any wound can lead to tissue infection and damage to the nail plates. Therefore, it is very important to disinfect damaged marigolds in time with antiseptic agents.

    Fingernail wavy


    1. Cosmetic procedures.Hand baths will help to heal your nails. The easiest option is a salt bath. It strengthens and disinfects nails, heals small cracks. For complex treatment, it is good to use folk recipes, including nail masks with red pepper, dried flowers or based on nutritious oils. You can use ready-made cosmetics to strengthen your nails and give them a healthy shine.
    2. Food. One of the main reasons why nails become wavy is malnutrition.Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the daily diet to include more vegetables and fruits. With a deficiency of vitamins in the body, it is useful to drink a course of the vitamin-mineral complex, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. It must contain vitamins A, C, E, H, as well as the minerals silicon, iron, sulfur and calcium. Since wavy nails are often the cause of anemia, foods such as apples, beef, pomegranates, liver and buckwheat should be eaten.
    3. Preparations.It is useful to rub oil solutions containing vitamins A and E into the nails. These preparations will strengthen the nails, remove minor damages and cracks. After a month of treatment, the growing nails will become smooth and shiny. The procedures should be done at least twice a week. If the nails are affected by a fungus, then it is necessary to undergo treatment with antimycotic drugs. For the treatment of nail fungus, you can use antifungal creams, gels, varnishes. Among the well-known drugs are Nizoral, Lamezil, Mycosan, Zalain.

    How to treat uneven nail surfaces at home

    Wavy toenails or fingernails are not always a problem associated with a change in general well-being or metabolic disorders.Often, transverse grooves on the nails appear due to mistakes at home nail manicure.

    But, do not be discouraged if this is really the case, you have a reason to breathe a sigh of relief, take into account mistakes and continue to care for your nails correctly. After all, if it takes a lot of effort, money and time to resolve health problems, then it is easy to eliminate cosmetic errors. The only limiting factor in this matter is time, or rather the individual growth rate of your marigolds.After all, the grooves cannot align. It will take some time for the nail plate to grow back together with the existing defect.

    Let’s take a look at the most common, traumatic nails “mistakes” in turn, as well as what to do if wavy nails are the cause of awkwardness.

    • Injury to the nail plate. Deformation of the nail can occur due to the fault of a banal ballpoint pen. For example, if you press the pen too hard against the nail of your index or middle finger while writing.In this case, excessive pressure is exerted on the root or other part of the nail. Indeed, as a rule, the uneven surface of the nails, their foliation, crumbling and other troubles occur on the nails on these fingers! The same problem happens to women who type a lot on the keyboard, but not with all fingers, but with two or three.
    • Rough cuticle removal. Wavy nails appear after rough cuticle removal. Wielding metal tools at the root of the nail plate is very easy to damage its structure.Cuts, wounds, cracks make the skin of the hands and feet susceptible to damage by all kinds of bacteria, which only aggravates the problem of unevenness on the nails. Therefore, barbaric methods of getting rid of burrs should be avoided – biting, tearing, etc. If you already have wavy fingernails, remove the burrs and skin around the nail very carefully.
    • The easiest way is to do a non-edged manicure at home. You will need a cuticle softener and an orange stick for this.Beforehand, it is recommended to make a warm bath, preferably with sea salt, as well as a gentle, gentle massage of the nails.

    Wavy nails photo

    Treatments that are more likely to heal wavy toenails and toenails and prevent their future formation include:

    1. Unedged manicure: SPA-manicure, European, Japanese;
    2. Household and cotton gloves for household work. After all, the problem is easier to prevent than to deal with its consequences later;
    3. Massage nails with a soft toothbrush, or better with a special manicure;
    4. Baths with sea salt, enriching skin and nails with minerals;
    5. Baths of vegetable and essential oils.Mixtures for them can be used as a means of strengthening, moisturizing nails, as a massage agent for nail plates, depending on the concentration and composition;
    6. Basic and medicinal coatings. Get in the habit of using such products before applying decorative varnishes – this will protect your nails from damage, prevent the negative effects of varnishes.
    7. Matt lacquers with mother-of-pearl. Try to use decorative varnishes with a uniform structure, without inclusions and sand that can damage the nails.In order not to emphasize the unsightlyness of already damaged nails, choose not very bright colors and mother-of-pearl – this way the defects will not be conspicuous.

    Wavy fingernails photo

    The procedures are absolutely useless for the treatment of deformed nails:

    • Extension of nails. This procedure is just a camouflage for your problem, it does not eliminate any mistakes in home care or the cause of the disease;
    • Nail polishing. This procedure is, of course, useful in itself, because it “grinds”, removes a layer of dead cells from the nails.But, firstly, it can be carried out once a month, not more often, and only with a soft buff or a special polishing file. Therefore, if you polish wavy nails on your hands, you only remove the top layer, without changing the shape and structure of the nail plate;
    • Excessive hydration of the cuticles and nails. You should not fanatically rub creams and gels into your fingers and nail plates, you do not need to do this if your nails are wavy, and even more so if they are healthy. Otherwise, you run the risk of facing no less problem than wavy nails.Gradually, the cuticle will become too tender and more susceptible to various injuries.

    Prosthetics of toenails in Moscow

    The essence of this procedure is to replace the missing part or the entire nail with artificial materials. The result in this case is practically indistinguishable from a natural nail.

    Prosthetic material is attached to the area of ​​the nail plate. In this case, the prosthesis is installed temporarily until the nail regenerates.Sometimes this process takes a year or more. It is also possible to install a permanent prosthesis. It is necessary in cases where the loss of the nail is irreversible, that is, the proliferation zone of the horny cells of the plate is partially destroyed.

    Indications for the procedure:

    • longitudinal and transverse splitting of the nail plate;
    • hyperkeratosis;
    • congenital anatomical defects;
    • complete or partial destruction of the nail as a result of a fungal infection;
    • injuries with complete or partial loss of the nail plate;
    • recovery from toe surgery.


    • Prosthetic nails are not performed in the presence of a fungal disease. Before the procedure, it must be cured.
    • The situation is similar with open skin injuries or damage to the nail bed. To prevent the material from getting into the wounds, it is necessary to wait for their scarring.
    • Also, the procedure is not carried out during an active inflammatory process on the finger.
    • If the nail plate and the cell growth zone are completely destroyed, it will simply not be possible to install the prosthesis, since there is no way to reliably fix it on any solid and durable base.

    What problems does the procedure solve

    Prosthetics of nails is designed not only to restore their aesthetic appearance, it also has an important therapeutic effect. When walking, a damaged nail injures the surrounding soft tissues, and this leads to inflammation and suppuration. In addition, the nail plate also carries a protective function – prosthetics restores it in full.

    Preparations and technologies

    The most common material for nail prosthetics today is medical acrylic containing silver compounds.This admixture is a good way to prevent fungal infections, because silver has an antimycotic effect. In addition, a nail prosthesis can be made of a polymer gel, which is hardened by ultraviolet radiation. All these materials look indistinguishable and natural, while they have increased strength, elasticity and do not serve as a substrate for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.


    First, the patient is tested for the tolerance of the materials, which will then be used to form an artificial plate.In addition, it is necessary to first treat wound, infectious and inflammatory lesions of the finger, if any.

    Basic steps for installing a prosthesis:

    • Treatment of the nail surface and the area to which the resin material will be attached.
    • Giving an artificial plate a shape that is indistinguishable from a natural one.
    • Preliminary grinding of the prosthesis.
    • Installation of a prosthesis.
    • Pause required for final hardening of the material.
    • Final polishing.
    • Antiseptic treatment.

    The whole procedure usually takes no more than half an hour.

    Recommendations for the recovery period

    In cases where a temporary prosthesis is installed, it must be changed at least once a week. For other types of prosthetics, the material must be replaced approximately once a month.

    In addition, it must be remembered that there is always a small space between the artificial element and the soft tissue of the finger and bacterial and fungal infections may develop.Therefore, our experts recommend mandatory treatment with antiseptic drugs. Also, after installing the prosthesis, you should not wear too narrow shoes, since the pressure can damage it and move it, and this will lead to injury to the surrounding tissues. A daily foot and toe massage will also be helpful.

    Effect of the procedure

    • Prevention of skin damage.
    • Return of the normal feeling of support on the fingers.
    • Restoration of the nail plate and its protective function.
    • Giving an aesthetic appearance to the nail.


    • Painlessness.
    • Speed ​​of execution (about 30 minutes).
    • Provides excellent aesthetic and therapeutic results.

    Cost of the procedure

    The total cost depends on the area of ​​the nail plate for restoration, as well as on the materials used in the treatment process.
    If you want to return beauty and health to your nails in the medical center “CM-Cosmetology”, please contact us by phone.: +7 (499) 705-55-65. Our employees will answer all your questions and sign up for an initial consultation with a specialist.

    90,000 Causes of thickened toenails

    The appearance of healthy nail plates is characterized by a smooth surface, natural shine and good transparency on the pale pinkish nail bed. Any changes in the shape, color, density of nails may indicate the development of pathological processes in the body, the causes of which can only be identified by a doctor.It is much easier and faster to treat any disease at an early stage, when the body’s immune system is not weakened and is ready to actively fight the pathology. Thickening of nails may be a symptom of a serious pathology and the podiatrist will help you identify the cause of these unpleasant changes. Quite often, people are faced with the problem of thickening of the nail plates on the feet and especially on the big toe. The average thickness of the nail is 0.8-0.9 mm, and if this indicator changes upward (a plate with a thickness of more than 1 mm becomes denser and less transparent), then do not try to solve the problem only with cosmetic procedures at home.

    Causes of toenail thickening can be both pathological and non-pathological. Non-pathological reasons for changes in the structure of the plates include various types of mechanical damage. For example, you can accidentally hit your big toe against a protrusion and, as a result of a bruise, the nail plate will grow deformed from the damaged matrix. With the regular wearing of too tight, uncomfortable shoes, the process of regeneration of the keratin layers of the nail is disrupted and the plate becomes very dense, thickened, with longitudinal grooves.

    Common pathological causes of thickening of the nail plate include diseases such as onychomycosis (nail fungus), psoriasis, rheumatism, atherosclerosis. The scourge of our time is the increased number of fungal nail diseases caused by dermatophytes. Fungal spores penetrate into small wounds of soft tissues on the toes, actively develop, and then gradually destroy the nails. A good fungus proof test: Apply a thin layer of iodine solution to your nail. The uniform distribution of yellow indicates that the dermatophytes did not hit the plate, and if dark spots appear on it, then be sure to make an appointment with a dermatologist.

    – in the photo: thickening of the nail plates


    Most often, a fungal infection affects 1-3 toenails, after which the color changes (to yellowish, green or brown), the shine disappears and the plate gradually deforms. In the first stage of the disease, you can get rid of the infection with antifungal agents for external use. Treat nearby nails with hydrogen peroxide or vinegar to kill fungal spores and prevent the spread of infection.Soak your feet by adding baking soda to warm water before bed. Apply a compress on nails damaged by fungus several times a week: soak a cotton pad with celandine oil, apply to the nail, fix with a plaster on your finger;

    In rare cases, the thickness of all toenails exceeds 1 mm due to hereditary factors. Thickened nail plates require special home care (preferably with the use of a hardware pedicure router) so that the lateral sides of the free edge do not injure the soft tissues on the fingers;

    Psoriasis .
    This chronic skin disease causes not only rapid death of the upper layers of the skin, but also thickening of the epidermis of the nail bed and the nails themselves;

    Metabolic disorders.
    An unbalanced diet can cause metabolic disorders, which will affect the condition of the skin and nail plates;

    Circulatory disorders.
    Circulatory problems in the extremities can lead to imbalances in the nutrient composition of the matrix.As a result, the nails grow back deformed, very hard and thick;

    Thickening of the nail plate with the development of a noticeable bulge, discoloration and the formation of vertical ribbing. The cause of onychogryphosis can be severe damage to the nail bed or matrix, as a result of which the nail plate grows back deformed. Onychogryphosis can also cause such chronic diseases as neuritis, rheumatism, varicose veins;

    Nail hyperkeratosis.
    Some infectious diseases cause discoloration of the nails and strong plate compaction. As a result, growing nails become thick and brittle;

    There is a change in the structure and shape of one or more nail plates. Common reasons for the development of pachyonychia include disorders of lymph outflow and microcirculation in the extremities, as well as inflammatory processes in the nail fold;

    Violation of the ratio of different microorganisms in the microflora can affect the change in the appearance of the skin of the limbs and nails.The nails begin to exfoliate, the structure thickens and the plate becomes thicker.


    Please leave comments on the article, share with each other the secrets of home nail care.

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    Prosthetics of nails in St. Petersburg, restoration of the nail plate

    Prosthetics of toenails, restoration of nails, imitation of nails, installation of prostheses – all this is one procedure.Prosthetics is performed only by podologists (medical pedicure specialists) using special materials. The service is technically complex and requires special knowledge and work experience.

    The period of wearing the material is 1-1.5 months, provided that the client follows the recommendations, then the prosthesis can be removed or a new one can be put on.

    Appearance and properties of prosthetic nails

    Nail prostheses do not interfere with your normal life. You can run, go to the sauna, steam bath, swimming pool, visit the solarium, use a decorative coating for nails.

    The restored nail looks shiny, perfectly even, healthy color, as if covered with a colorless varnish.

    Terms of Service

    1. Presence of 1/3 of the hard surface of your own nail.
    2. Absence of fungal attack.
    3. Compliance with the preparation rule – do not apply oil and cream to the area of ​​intended prosthetics for 3 days.
    4. Informing the client about the maximum period of wearing the material (1-1.5 months).After the expiration, you need to contact a specialist to remove the prosthesis or replace it. Prolonged wearing of dentures leads to the formation of diaper rash under them and the accumulation of microbes.

    Why can’t you use acrylic prosthetics?

    Compositions for prosthetics are flexible, similar in properties to a natural nail, in contrast to gels and acrylics for nail extension. Dense materials will injure the nail bed when walking, the use of such material can cause irreparable harm.

    Features of prosthetics for fungal nail infections

    Fungal nail infection is a contraindication to prosthetics. Many organizations and even medical institutions neglect this fact, relying on the fact that the composition contains an antifungal component. Yes, there are antimycotic drugs in the prosthetic material, but in prophylactic doses.

    If the prosthesis is installed on the nails affected by the fungus, then local treatment will be ineffective.A favorable environment for the growth of the fungus is created under the prosthesis, it will multiply rapidly, which will lead to the complete destruction of the nail.


    1. If the fungus treatment course is completed, but the nail has not yet fully grown back.
    2. If the patient has started treatment, but for some important event he urgently needs to put his nails in order. Prosthetics can be done for a maximum of a week. In this case, the patient must understand that this period is unfavorable for his nails.

    Recommendations after toenail prosthetics

    1. Compliance with the sparing regime. You can run, play sports, but exclude excessive pressure (football, ballet …).
    2. As the natural nail grows back, the denture will also lengthen, so you should file it yourself with a file.
    3. Do not use tongs or scissors.
    4. Use the home nail care product recommended by your podiatrist.
    5. Do not wear too tight shoes.
    6. Be careful, if the denture is strongly hooked (mechanical injury), it will come off, and this can damage the natural nail.

    Toenail fungus: treatment with alternative methods

    Photo: UGC

    Toenail fungus is a serious and uncomfortable condition. Treat onychomycosis without delay, otherwise it will grow and transfer to the skin. Use proven folk recipes.

    Attention! The material is for informational purposes only. You should not resort to the treatment described in it without first consulting your doctor.

    How to cure toenail fungus with folk remedies

    In addition to medicines, there are many effective natural remedies that destroy the fungus on the nails.

    Let’s share the traditional methods of treatment:

    • Take 100 g of peppermint (stems with leaves), chop it, add 50 g of salt and mash.

    Apply gruel twice a day for an hour under the bandage. Perform the procedures until you are completely cured.

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    • Nail fungus does not survive in an acidic environment.

    Combine vinegar (70%) with sunflower oil in a 1: 1 ratio. Cover the affected area twice a day.

    • Add a tablespoon of baking soda to two liters of hot water. Steam your feet, then soak a cotton pad in celandine oil.

    Apply the compress twice a day for 30 minutes. After a few days, the nail fungus will disappear.

    • Grate or mince the horseradish root.

    Apply gruel to nails overnight and bandage. Treatment of nail fungus with horseradish is long, but effective.

    • Use tangerine juice to soak your nails or soak a cotton pad with fresh water and place under a bandage.

    Photo: Nogivnorme.ru: UGC

    • In the evening, hold your clean feet in a solution of potassium permanganate (4–5 crystals per liter of warm water).

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    Then put a piece of kombucha on the affected nail, wrap with cellophane and bandage.

    Remove the bandage in the morning and clean the nail. Make a potassium permanganate bath.

    • Finely chop the rowan leaves, wash and grind the berries. Mix fruits with herbs and apply to the affected nails under a bandage.

    Perform the procedure daily at night until the disease subsides.

    • Toenail fungus will cure tea tree essential oil.

    Heat 10 ml of oil to 30 ° C, drip directly onto the affected areas or apply as a compress for an hour.

    • Soak a cotton swab in propolis alcohol.

    Apply the product to nails overnight and fix with a plaster or bandage.

    • Wash your feet several times a day with birch tar soap. Then drip hydrogen peroxide onto the damaged nails.

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    Read also: How to cure fungus on the feet: folk remedies

    Photo: Diets.ru: UGC

    Always apply traditional medicine on washed feet.

    Remember to remove dead particles and cut or saw off any nail that has fungus.

    Do not interrupt the treatment. Do the procedures until the nail is fully restored.

    Before using traditional medicines, consult your doctor and make sure that there is no allergy to the ingredients indicated in the prescription.

    Toenail fungus: prevention

    Toenail fungus is an infectious disease that affects 20% of the population.

    To avoid contracting onychomycosis, remember the precautions:

    • Do not stay in the sauna, steam bath, swimming pool, public locker room without personal slippers.

    After returning home, wash your feet thoroughly with soap, hold in a light vinegar or soda solution.

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    • Do not walk in wet shoes.

    If your feet are perspiring, change socks often and wash your feet. If you get wet in the rain, change your shoes as soon as possible.

    • Do not wear tight shoes every day.

    Choose comfortable shoes made from natural materials.

    • Let your feet breathe.

    Wear sandals and slippers in summer.

    • In stores, measure shoes on toes.
    • Wear cotton socks.

    Synthetic fabrics increase perspiration and prevent air circulation.

    • Avoid injury to your nails.

    Please note that decorative varnishes provoke microcracks through which fungal spores can easily penetrate.

    • Take care of your nails: trim and remove dirt.

    Use only disinfected instruments for pedicure.

    • Take care of your shoes: clean and wash them.

    If your feet are sweating in your sneakers or boots, wipe or rinse the inside with vinegar solution.

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    • Strengthen the immune system so that the body fights against pathogenic microorganisms.

    Eat right, exercise and stay healthy.

    Make sure that the diet contains foods that contain vitamins B, E and C.

    The likelihood of developing onychomycosis increases if there are such diseases:

    • diabetes mellitus;
    • immunodeficiency;
    • increased sweating; 90,020 90,019 obesity;
    • disorders in the endocrine and circulatory systems;
    • gastrointestinal diseases.

    If the fungus has already settled on the nail plate, then in parallel with the treatment, disinfect floors, rugs, shoes, clothes, etc., so as not to get infected again. To do this, use boiling, vinegar, a hot iron, antiseptic solutions.

    At the first suspicion of nail fungus, consult a doctor.

    Do not delay treatment with folk methods: in the early stages, it is much easier to destroy the spores.

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    To avoid this ailment, take preventive measures.

    Read also: How to treat nail fungus on the hands with folk remedies

    Author: Candidate of Medical Sciences Anna Ivanovna Tikhomirova

    Reviewer: Candidate of Medical Sciences, Professor Ivan Georgievich Maksakov

    Original article: https://www.