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Splinters and Other Foreign Bodies in the Skin

Definition

  • A foreign body (FB) (eg, splinter, fishhook, sliver of glass) is embedded in the skin.

Symptoms of a Foreign Body in the Skin

  • Pain: Most tiny slivers (eg, cactus spine) in the superficial skin do not cause much pain. Deeper or perpendicular FBs are usually painful to pressure. FBs in the foot are very painful with weight bearing.
  • FB Sensation: Older children may report the sensation of something being in the skin (“I feel something there”).

Types of Foreign Bodies

  • Wood/Organic FBs: Splinters, cactus spines, thorns, toothpicks.
  • Metallic FBs: Bullets, BBs, nails, sewing needles, pins, tacks.
  • Fiberglass spicules.
  • Fishhooks: May have a barbed point that makes removal difficult.
  • Glass.
  • Pencil lead (graphite).
  • Plastic FBs.

When to Call Your Doctor

Call Your Doctor Now (Night or Day) If

  • Deeply embedded FB (eg, needle or toothpick in foot)
  • FB has a barb (eg, fishhook)
  • FB is a BB
  • FB is causing severe pain
  • You are reluctant to take out FB
  • You can’t remove FB
  • Site of sliver removal looks infected (redness, red streaks, swollen, pus)
  • Fever occurs

Call Your Doctor Within 24 Hours (Between 9:00 am and 4:00 pm) If

  • You think your child needs to be seen
  • Deep puncture wound and last tetanus shot was more than 5 years ago

Call Your Doctor During Weekday Office Hours If

  • You have other questions or concerns

Parent Care at Home If

  • Tiny, superficial, pain-free slivers that don’t need removal
  • Tiny plant stickers, cactus spines, or fiberglass spicules that need removal
  • Minor sliver, splinter, or thorn that needs removal and you think you can remove it

Home Care Advice for Minor Slivers

  1. Tiny, Pain-Free Slivers: If superficial slivers are numerous, tiny, and pain free, they can be left in. Eventually they will work their way out with normal shedding of the skin, or the body will reject them by forming a little pimple that will drain on its own.
  2. Tiny Painful Plant Stickers: Plant stickers (eg, stinging nettle), cactus spines, or fiberglass spicules are difficult to remove because they are fragile. Usually they break when pressure is applied with tweezers.
  • Tape: First try to remove the small spines or spicules by touching the area lightly with packaging tape, duct tape, or another very sticky tape. If that doesn’t work, try wax hair remover.
  • Wax Hair Remover: If tape doesn’t work, apply a layer of wax hair remover. Let it air-dry for 5 minutes or accelerate the process with a hair dryer. Then peel it off with the spicules. Most will be removed. The others will usually work themselves out with normal shedding of the skin.
  • Needle and Tweezers: For large slivers or thorns, remove with a needle and tweezers.
    • Check the tweezers beforehand to be certain the ends (pickups) meet exactly (if they do not, bend them). Sterilize the tools with rubbing alcohol.
    • Cleanse the skin surrounding the sliver briefly with rubbing alcohol before trying to remove it. If you don’t have any, use soap and water but don’t soak the area if FB is wood (Reason: can cause swelling of the splinter).
    • Use the needle to completely expose the large end of the sliver. Use good lighting. A magnifying glass may help.
    • Then grasp the end firmly with the tweezers and pull it out at the same angle that it went in. Getting a good grip the first time is especially important with slivers that go in perpendicular to the skin or those trapped under the fingernail.
    • For slivers under a fingernail, sometimes a wedge of the nail must be cut away with fine scissors to expose the end of the sliver.
    • Superficial horizontal slivers (where you can see all of it) usually can be removed by pulling on the end. If the end breaks off, open the skin with a sterile needle along the length of the sliver and flick it out.
  • Antibiotic Ointment: Wash the area with soap and water before and after removal. To reduce the risk of infection, apply an antibiotic ointment such as Polysporin (no prescription needed) once after removal.
  • Call Your Doctor If
    • You can’t get it all out.
    • Removed but pain becomes worse.
    • Starts to look infected.
    • Your child becomes worse.

    And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the “Call Your Doctor” symptoms.


    The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

    What Happens If You Don’t Take Out a Splinter?

    It can be a freeing feeling to shuck off your shoes and walk outside barefoot during the warm spring and hot summer, until the deck sticks your exposed foot with a tiny, pointy gift: a splinter.

    But it’s so tiny or so deeply stuck in the skin that you can’t get it out. So, what would happen if you just left it in?

    It’s best not to wait and see, as leaving a splinter in the body can provide a passageway for infection, said Ashley Jones, a certified nurse practitioner at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. [Do Rusty Nails Really Give You Tetanus?] 

    The “skin is a physical barrier that prevents infections,” Jones told Live Science. So a splinter that breaks that skin “makes it easier for bacteria outside of the skin to actually get under the skin.” That bacteria may already be on the splinter, holding on for a free ride into the bloodstream, or it may make its way in through the open gates after the incursion.

    One such infection is caused by the tetanus bacteria (clostridium tetani), which, if it makes its way into the body of a person who is not vaccinated or up to date on their tetanus boosters, can release toxins that harm the nervous system.

    Because of the risk of infection, “I would generally recommend that you not leave a splinter in place,” Jones said. If you can’t easily grab it with tweezers and by applying a slow, steady pressure, “I would recommend just seeking health care,” she said.

    Dr. Jefry Biehler, chair of pediatrics at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital in Miami, echoed this recommendation. If removing a deeply embedded splinter at home may result in a lot of bleeding, then head to a health care center, where professionals can remove the splinter using clean, sterile instruments, he said.

    If the splinter isn’t removed, the body probably won’t absorb the invader or break it down. Rather, the body will likely try to push the splinter out, Biehler said. The splinter may cause an inflammatory reaction, which could mean swelling and redness in that area. What’s more, pockets of pus may form to help expel the splinter.

    If the inflammatory response continues for a number of days or weeks, the area can sometimes develop a somewhat permanent bump or what’s called a “granuloma,” Jones added. This is kind of a protective bubble of immune cells that surround the foreign object the body wasn’t able to oust.

    Sometimes the body can naturally expel a splinter from the skin without causing an inflammatory response, Biehler said. Other times, the splinter may stay in the skin forever.

    Biehler noted that one of his nurse friends has had an inch-long thorn in her hand for the past 40 years. “You can feel it, she can move it … [but] it doesn’t cause her any pain,” he said. “She’s been fine for 40 years.” The splinter doesn’t carry as big of a risk of infection as when she first got it, because the skin closed on top of it, he added.

    “It is a fine line between what needs to be seen [by a doctor], what needs to be removed and what can be left alone,” Biehler said. But in general, splinters you get around the house or those that come from plant materials, such as wood, “usually need to come out, because the body reacts to it.”

    In any case, foreign bodies lodged in the skin — especially in children and the elderly, who may be more prone to infections — should be evaluated by a health care professional, he said.

    Originally published on Live Science.

    Splinter or Sliver – Tenafly Pediatrics

    Symptom Definition

    • A splinter or sliver is a foreign body (FB) embedded in the skin. Most of these are slivers or splinters of wood. Others are slivers (thin fragments) of glass, metal or plastic. A few are thorns or cactus needles.
    • Most slivers are in the superficial skin and do not cause much pain. Deep or perpendicular slivers are painful to put pressure on.
    • Pencil lead is actually graphite (harmless), not poisonous lead. Even colored leads are nontoxic. They will cause a tattoo, however, and should be scrubbed out.
    • If slivers need to be removed in a medical setting, it’s better to see them quickly before they become hidden by swelling or pushed in more deeply by the parent or child. Also, the physician can numb the area before removal.

    Call Your Doctor Now (night or day) If

    • Deeply embedded FB (e. g. needle or toothpick in foot)
    • FB has a barb (e.g. fish hook)
    • FB is a BB from a pellet gun
    • FB is clear (glass or plastic)
    • Pencil lead or other pigment left in skin after FB removed
    • FB is causing severe pain
    • You are reluctant to take out FB or can’t get it out

    Call Your Doctor Within 24 Hours (between 9 and 4) If

    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Deep puncture wound and last tetanus booster was > 5 years ago

    Call Your Doctor During Weekday Office Hours If

    • You have other questions or concerns

    Parent Care at Home If

    • Tiny, pain-free slivers that don’t need removal
    • Tiny plant stickers or fiberglass spicules
    • Minor slivers that need removal and you don’t think your child needs to be seen

    Home Care Advice for Minor Slivers

    1. Tiny, Pain-Free Slivers: If superficial slivers are numerous, tiny, and pain-free, they can be left in. Eventually they will work their way out either with normal shedding of the skin or the body will reject them with a minor skin infection.
    2. Tiny Plant Stickers: Plant stickers (e.g. stinging nettle), cactus spines or fiberglass spicules are difficult to remove. Usually they break when pressure is applied with a tweezers.
      • Facial Gel: Apply a layer of facial gel or wax depilatory (hair remover). Let it air dry for 5 minutes or accelerate the process with a hair dryer. Then peel it off with the spicules. The others will usually work themselves out with normal shedding of the skin.
      • Tape: Another option is to lightly touch the area with packaging tape or another very sticky tape.
    3. Needle and Tweezers: Remove larger slivers with a needle and tweezers.
      • Check the tweezers beforehand to be certain the ends (pickups) meet exactly. (If they do not, bend them.) Sterilize the tools with rubbing alcohol or a flame.
      • Wash the skin surrounding the sliver briefly with soap and water before trying to remove it. Don’t soak the area if FB is wood. (Reason: can cause swelling of the splinter)
      • Use the needle to completely expose the large end of the sliver. Use good lighting. A magnifying glass may help.
      • Then grasp the end firmly with the tweezers and pull it out at the same angle that it went in. Getting a good grip the first time is especially important with slivers that go in perpendicular to the skin or those trapped under the fingernail.
      • For slivers under a fingernail, sometimes a wedge of the nail must be cut away with fine scissors to expose the end of the sliver
      • Superficial horizontal slivers (where you can see all of it) usually can be removed by pulling on the end. If the end breaks off, open the skin with a sterile needle along the length of the sliver and flick it out.
    4. Antibiotic Ointment: Wash the area with soap and water before and after removal. Apply an antibiotic ointment to the area once after removal to reduce the risk of infection.
    5. Call Your Doctor If
      • you Can’t get it all out
      • was Removed, but pain becomes worse
      • it Starts to look infected
      • your child becomes worse or develops any of the “Call Your Doctor Now” symptoms

     

    The Best Way to Remove a Splinter

    Splinters are fragments of a foreign object—usually wood, but also can be thorns, plastic, or metal—that break off and embed into your skin.

    They’re annoying, and even a tiny sliver can be surprising painful. 

    That’s why you want to remove it: Take it out swiftly, cleanly, and in one piece, which can reduce the risk of leaving any shards behind, says Dr. Derick.

    Related: The Better Man Project From Men’s Health—2,000+ Awesome Tips on How to Live Your Healthiest Life

    When you leave pieces in your skin, your body identifies them as something foreign. So it attacks the invader to try to keep you safe, she says.

    As a result, inflammation around the area increases, causing even more pain.

    “Your body may also build scar tissue around the pieces, causing a painful knot in your skin,” Dr. Derick says.

    Related: How to Rid Yourself Of Warts, Blisters, Hang Nails (and More) Faster

    Removing a splinter cleanly can help prevent those problems. Follow these three simple tips to learn how to do it right.

    Important note: If you have a splinter stuck in an awkward place—like behind your nail—leave it to a pro to remove.

    Splinters in difficult locations are tough to take out, and are more likely to become infected if not removed properly.

    1. Get wet
    Soak the area in warm water for a minute or two to soften the skin, says Dr. Derick.

    Related: 6 Things You Should Never Do In the Shower

    If the splinter is in your finger or foot, you can submerge it in the water.

    For larger areas like your leg, you can use a warm compress.

    2. Gather your tools
    See the edge of the splinter sticking out of your skin? If so, skip to step 3.

    But if the splinter is completely beneath the surface of your skin, you need to help it along a little.

    Find a thin needle, and wipe it down with rubbing alcohol to sterilize it.

    Related: 4 Home Health Hacks That Just Don’t Work

    Using the tip of the needle, make a small hole in your skin above the edge of the splinter so you can access it.

    You don’t want to dig, though: That can create a wound that opens to the door to infection, says Dr. Derick.

    If it doesn’t seem easily accessible—say, you can barely see it, or after one or two tries with the needle you can’t get to it—put away the needle and call your doctor instead.

    3. Pull it out
    Once you can see the edge of the splinter sticking out, use a tweezers to grab it as close to the skin as possible.

    Then, pull in the direction the splinter is sticking out.

    If you pull in the opposite direction, you risk bending the splinter, which can increase the risk of splitting it, says Dr. Derick.

    You really need tweezers to perform the extraction: While you may have heard that squeezing the splinter out can work instead, it actually makes it more likely to split apart and break, she says.

    Related: The Smartest Way to Remove a Tick

    Once you’ve removed a splinter fully, clean the area with soap and water, apply some Vaseline to create a barrier that keeps bacteria out and cover it with a Band-Aid. 

    “If it becomes red, swollen, or painful, see a doctor because it may be infected,” Dr. Derick says. 

    This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

    How to Get a Splinter Out Without Risking Infection

    Splinters can happen to anyone. They can be merely uncomfortable, but some splinters cause a great deal of pain. In most cases, it’s possible to remove them at home, without medical intervention. But it’s crucial to understand how to get a splinter out in a safe way.

    Splinters 101

    A splinter is usually a thin piece of wood that gets embedded in your skin. You can also get splinters from broken plastic, metal, or other materials. Children and adults are equally likely to get splinters. This injury can happen anywhere on your body, especially in the hands and the feet.

    First, it’s important to identify when splinters require immediate medical attention. In any of the following cases, you should turn to a doctor right away.

    • The splinter is close to the eyes or it went under a fingernail.
    • The affected area already shows signs of infection. Sometimes, you don’t notice a splinter right away and it gets infected before you can do anything about it. Typical symptoms include reddened skin, as well as white or yellow discharge.
    • You can also consult with a doctor if you think your splinter is unusually large or unusually deep.
    • If you haven’t had a tetanus vaccine, it is best to speak to your doctor. While this disease is rare, it’s best to do all you can to prevent it. Note that tetanus boosters last around ten years. If it has been longer than that since you had a booster, you should get another one.

    If you believe you can remove the splinter from your skin, you should take a careful and confident approach. Removal shouldn’t take longer than fifteen minutes. If it does, there’s a chance the splinter is positioned vertically, which means that it is exceptionally painful and difficult to get out. In this case, call your doctor.

    You might also break the splinter while attempting to remove it. Again, it is best to seek out medical advice in order to prevent any complications.

    How to Prepare for Splinter Removal at Home

    Since it damages the surface of your skin, a splinter is actually a very small open wound. That means that it’s very prone to infection. Before you attempt to remove your splinter, there are two things you should do.

    Wash Your Hands and the Affected Area

    To prevent infection, you should start by washing your hands with soap and water. Then wash the area of your skin where the splinter is located. Some people also find it helpful to soak the splintered body part in warm water. After a few minutes, the skin will become softer, which will make it easier to remove the splinter.

    Inspect the Impacted Area

    Do a quick visual check to make sure there are no signs of infection. It’s important to note how the splinter is positioned, as horizontal splinters are easier to remove. You may want to use a magnifying glass for this.

    How to Get a Splinter Out at Home?

    There are a few different methods you can use to remove the splinter from your skin. Whatever option you go for, it’s crucial to sterilize all your equipment. You can use rubbing alcohol and cotton balls to do so.

    1. Use Tweezers

    Once the tweezers are disinfected, simply use them to pinch the splinter and slowly pull it out. Make sure to follow the same direction the splinter went in. If necessary, pinch your skin to make it tauter.

    2. Use a Needle and Tweezers

    For slightly deeper splinters, it could help to use a needle as well. To get to the splinter, use the needle to lift the skin. You might need to lightly break the skin as well. Remember that the needle has to be sterilized with alcohol first.

    3. Pull the Splinters Out with Duct Tape or Packing Tape

    If you have several small splinters in the same place, using tape can help. It’s also useful for removing deeper splinters.

    You can gently press the tape to the splintered area, and move it around. The splinters will stick to the surface, and then you simply throw the tape away. Repeat this process several times if necessary.

    The other option is to stick the tape to your skin and leave it. Thirty minutes later, carefully unpeel the tape and throw it away.

    What to Do After the Splinter Is Removed

    When the splinter is out, it’s important to wash your skin with soap and warm water again. Then, cover the area with antibiotic ointment. Once that is completed, cover it in a bandage.

    A Word on Nail Splinters

    Splinters under the nails can be extremely painful and prone to complications. In serious cases, anesthesia is applied. These procedures require anti-infection treatment and extended wound care. The same can apply to splinters under the toenail.

    What Happens If You Decide Not to Remove a Splinter?

    Wood splinters and other pieces of vegetable matter are especially likely to cause an infection. If you can’t get your wood splinter out, it is safest to look for professional help. Doctors may use scalpels to remove it from your skin.

    Leaving the splinter in count lead to extremely painful infections. If you’re unlucky, this could lead to lumps forming under the skin, which can go on to damage the body’s lymphatic system. You can expect painful oozing, and there’s a risk of blood poisoning or other infections.

    But what if you have a metal or glass or plastic splinter? If you can’t remove it, but it’s not causing you any pain or discomfort, it might be best to wait it out. Observe the splintered area carefully. At the first sign of infection, call your doctor.

    A Final Thought

    It’s not really possible to avoid all splinters. However, there are a few ways you can lower your own and your child’s risk of splinters.

    If you’re planning to use wooden furniture of any kind, inspect it for signs of visible damage. Do the same with your children’s playground equipment and certain toys. It’s also crucial to wear shoes all the time while outside. Don’t go barefoot unless you’re sure it’s safe. Keeping your hands safe is important, too. Before you start working outdoors, make sure to put on a pair of sturdy gloves.

     

    References:

    https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/injured-skin/splinters
    https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2557.html
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tetanus/expert-answers/tetanus-shots/faq-20058209
    https://www.who.int/ith/diseases/tetanus/en

    Miltex V96-329 Splinter Forceps, 3″, Magnifying Llens in Black Plastic Case

    Miltex V96-329 Splinter Forceps, 3″, Magnifying Llens in Black Plastic Case – CME Corp

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    • Miltex V96-329 Splinter Forceps, 3″, Magnifying Llens in Black Plastic Case

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    The Miltex V96-329 Splinter Forceps, 3″, Magnifying Llens in Black Plastic Case

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    Sliver or Splinter | Advocare Broomall Pediatric Associates

    Is this your child’s symptom?

    • A foreign object stuck in the skin
    • Some examples are a wood splinter, fishhook, glass sliver or needle

    Symptoms of a Foreign Object in the Skin

    • Pain. Most tiny slivers in the top layer of skin do not cause much pain. An example of these tiny slivers is plant stickers. Objects that are deeper or go straight down are usually painful to pressure. Objects in the foot are very painful with standing or walking.
    • Foreign Object Sensation. Older children may complain about something being in the skin. (“I feel something in there.”)

    Types of Foreign Bodies (Objects)

    • Wood (Organic): splinters, cactus spines, thorns, toothpicks. These objects are irritating and become infected if not removed.
    • Metallic: BBs, nails, sewing needles, pins, tacks
    • Fiberglass slivers
    • Fishhooks may have a barbed point that makes removal difficult
    • Glass sliver
    • Pencil lead (graphite, not lead)
    • Plastic sliver

    When to Call for Sliver or Splinter

    Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

    • Object is a BB
    • Object is causing severe pain
    • You want a doctor to take out the object
    • You tried and can’t get the object out
    • Wound looks infected (spreading redness)
    • Fever occurs
    • You think your child has a serious injury
    • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

    Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

    • Deep puncture wound and last tetanus shot was more than 5 years ago
    • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

    Contact Doctor During Office Hours

    • You have other questions or concerns

    Self Care at Home

    • Tiny, pain-free slivers near the surface that don’t need to be removed
    • Tiny plant or cactus spines or fiberglass slivers that need to be removed
    • Minor sliver, splinter or thorn that needs removal. You think you can do it at home.

    Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

    • Object is a BB
    • Object is causing severe pain
    • You want a doctor to take out the object
    • You tried and can’t get the object out
    • Wound looks infected (spreading redness)
    • Fever occurs
    • You think your child has a serious injury
    • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

    Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours

    • Deep puncture wound and last tetanus shot was more than 5 years ago
    • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

    Contact Doctor During Office Hours

    • You have other questions or concerns

    Self Care at Home

    • Tiny, pain-free slivers near the surface that don’t need to be removed
    • Tiny plant or cactus spines or fiberglass slivers that need to be removed
    • Minor sliver, splinter or thorn that needs removal. You think you can do it at home.

    Care Advice for Minor Slivers and Splinters

    1. Tiny, Pain-Free Slivers – Treatment:
      • Tiny, pain-free slivers near the skin surface can be left in.
      • They will slowly work their way out with normal shedding of the skin.
      • Sometimes, the body also will reject them by forming a little pimple. This will drain on its own. Or you can open up the pimple. Use a clean needle. The sliver will flow out with the pus.
    2. Tiny Painful Plant Stickers – Treatment:
      • Plant stickers or cactus spines are hard to remove. Fiberglass slivers may also be hard to get out. Reason: They are fragile. Most often, they break when pressure is applied with a tweezers.
      • Tape. First, try touching the spot lightly with tape. The stickers should attach to the tape. You can use packaging tape, duct tape or another very sticky tape.
      • Wax Hair Remover. If tape doesn’t work, use wax hair remover. Put a thin layer on. Let it air dry for 5 minutes. You can also speed up the process with a hair dryer. Then peel it off with the stickers. Most will be removed. The others will usually work themselves out with normal shedding of the skin.
    3. Needle and Tweezers for Slivers and Splinters:
      • For larger splinters, slivers or thorns, remove with a needle and tweezers.
      • Check the tweezers first. Be certain the ends (pickups) meet exactly. If they do not, bend them. Clean the tool with rubbing alcohol before using them.
      • Clean the skin around the sliver briefly with rubbing alcohol. Do this before trying to remove it. If you don’t have any, use soap and water. Caution: Don’t soak the spot if the foreign object is wood. Reason: can cause swelling of the splinter.
      • Use the needle to uncover the large end of the sliver. Use good lighting. A magnifying glass may help.
      • Grasp the end firmly with the tweezers. Pull it out at the same angle that it went in. Get a good grip the first time. This is important for slivers that go straight into the skin. This is also important for those trapped under the fingernail.
      • For slivers under a fingernail, sometimes part of the nail must be cut away. Use a fine scissors to expose the end of the sliver.
      • Slivers (where you can see all of it) often can be removed at home. Pull on the end. If the end breaks off, open the skin with a sterile needle. Go along the length of the sliver and flick it out.
    4. Antibiotic Ointment:
      • Wash the area with soap and water before and after removal.
      • Use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polysporin) once after sliver is taken out. No prescription is needed. This will help to decrease the risk of infection.
    5. Call Your Doctor If:
      • You can’t get the object out
      • Object is out, but pain gets worse
      • Starts to look infected
      • You think your child needs to be seen
      • Your child becomes worse

    And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the ‘Call Your Doctor’ symptoms.

    Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.

    Copyright 2000-2021. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

    Carved plastic crab “Shell fragments”

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    Rules for the use and disposal of mercury-containing lamps

    A mercury-containing or fluorescent energy-saving lamp is a tube with electrodes filled with mercury vapor and an inert gas (argon) with phosphor-coated inner walls.

    The main advantages of energy-saving fluorescent lamps are significant luminous efficiency, which allows you to create high levels of illumination, efficiency, favorable spectral composition of light and relatively low brightness. The radiant flux of fluorescent lamps in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum does not have a harmful effect on the human body, since ordinary glass from which the tubes of fluorescent lamps are made practically do not transmit ultraviolet rays.The main danger when using fluorescent lamps is the presence of a small amount of mercury in them, which belongs to the first hazard class (extremely dangerous chemical).

    As long as the mercury is hermetically sealed in a glass tube, the lamp is safe to operate. However, if the flask is mechanically damaged, mercury vapors are released to the environment, which can cause severe poisoning. The penetration of mercury into the body often occurs precisely when its odorless vapors are inhaled, with further damage to the nervous system, liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract.

    GENERAL RULES FOR HANDLING OF MERCURY-CONTAINING LAMPS .

    • Handle energy saving lamps with care so as not to destroy or damage the lamp bulb during installation;
    • Always hold the energy saving lamp by the base when inserting and removing from the holder.

    WHAT TO DO IF A LAMP BREAK.

    • Open the window and leave the room for 15 minutes.
    • After putting on disposable plastic or rubber gloves, carefully pick up the lamp fragments using stiff paper and place them in a plastic bag.
    • Tape, damp sponge or cloth can be used to collect small debris and phosphor powder. To prevent the spread of mercury throughout the room, cleaning should start from the periphery of the contaminated area and work towards the center.
    • Carry out damp cleaning of the room using household chlorine-containing preparations (Whiteness, Domestos, etc.). Wipe your shoes with a damp paper towel.
    • Used paper, sponges, rags, adhesive tape, paper towels, which become mercury-containing waste in the process of removing mercury contamination, put in a plastic bag
    • Take the bag with the lamp fragments and the products used in the cleaning process to a specialized recycling company.
    • Place clothes, bed linen, anything that has been hit by the lamp fragments in a plastic bag. The possibility of further operation of these products is determined after consultation with a specialized organization.
    • After demercurization works, determine the concentration of mercury vapor in the air for compliance with the MPC (MPC = 0. 003 mg / m3). The examination is carried out by specialists from accredited laboratories.

    CATEGORALLY PROHIBITED:

    • Use a vacuum cleaner, brush, broom.
    • Dispose of mercury-containing waste into the sewerage system.
    • After the end of the lamp life, to prevent damage to the glass bulb of the lamp, do not throw the lamps into the garbage chute and street containers for collecting solid waste.

    Lamps that have become unusable without damaging them must be disposed of using the services of specialized organizations.

    For residents of apartment buildings under management, the collection points for used mercury-containing lamps are determined in the office buildings of the management company: st.Borodina, 44; st. Energetikov, 63/1; st. 2nd Poselkovaya, 8; per. Kombinatsky, 11; st. 19 Party Congress, 19B Mon-Fri from 8.00 to 15.00 (phone for inquiries 67-15-72).

    REMEMBER!

    Damaged lamps containing mercury are hazardous to health. Take care of your health and the health of people around you!

    Bunch of scillas, plastic shards and crumbs of rat poison

    The young publishing house No Kidding Press, which specializes in texts written by women, has published a book by the American writer Maggie Nelson.As with Nelson’s other writings, the Sinets ignore genre boundaries — in this case, the boundaries between a diary and a philosophical note. The passionate text, cut from 240 short passages, is dedicated to the love of blue, the relationship with your own memory and body. Poetess Oksana Vasyakina tells about her reading of Sinet.

    When I first saw the cover of a small blue book called “The Blue”, it immediately occurred to me that “The Blue” is a solid poetic form for expressing the love of blue.In a sense, it is. The book “Sineta” consists of 240 short sayings about the color blue. American writer Maggie Nelson wrote her treatise from 2003 to 2006. She herself admits that she tried several times to apply for grant applications for the project; all attempts were in vain, no one was interested in her obsession with color. But Nelson’s rationale for the importance of the project for science sounded extremely vague: “In an application for one of the conservative Ivy League universities, which I filled out and sent in late at night, I described my project as follows: godlessness, hedonism and sexual arousal… “.

    It would seem, what does godlessness, hedonism and sexual arousal have to do with the color blue? Blue has always been associated with holiness, while hedonism and sexual arousal, on the other hand, have been associated with scarlet. And how can you expect to receive money for a project if you yourself define it not through a complex cultural and philosophical context, but through emotionally colored words describing the moral decline and the life of the lower body? It is in this discrepancy that Nelson’s poetics lives.

    Nelson admits that when she started working on the book, she planned to write a hefty volume, like an encyclopedia, which would collect all the information about the color blue. But when the writer collected all the notes scattered across the notebooks, she found that the book she had been writing for three whole years was very small. Nelson writes: “I am amazed at her anemia – anemia in direct proportion to my passion …”It does not look like a meager answer, it can rather be called a bouquet of wild scyllas, blue snowdrop flowers, which are also called blue flowers and after which the components of the book are named. Passion highlights the gaps between koans and thematic breaks in the narrative. Only passion could make a person look for answers to their questions in the writings of Wittgenstein and popular culture at the same time. It is passion that constructs Nelson’s book.

    Nelson is against writing about color as a sign inscribed in the matrices of cultures, for her blue is primarily a code of the sensible.Of course, Nelson relies on his predecessors who studied the nature of color – Goethe, Wittgenstein, Pasturo, but he also quotes the songs of Leonardo Cohen, Joni Mitchell, books on popular psychology and self-development. She examines the lives of the holy virgins who gouged out their eyes, and cites the example of Newton, who poked his own eye with a stick to experience and describe color reactions. And she is not at all interested in what Newton wrote about color; the facts themselves – a person performed painful manipulations with his eyes, Saints Lucius, Medana and Triduana were deprived of their organs of vision with their own hands – she is delighted.

    Maggie Nelson

    Color does not exist without a body; it is only thanks to the eyes that a person can perceive colors. So why does the blue color, the color of poison, the unattainable sky, the blue of which is an optical illusion, still the color of illness and the inedible, excites the writer? Is it because the blue color is so external and alluring, she herself writes about it as something that draws in herself – it is a part of herself, a part that cannot be deciphered. Blue thinks and enters into communication, as Nelson writes, and she also writes that she suffers from a mental illness caused by unhappy love. In a sense, the process of guessing the blue color for her turns into a procedure for preparing the disease. But everything is not as simple as it seems, “Sineta” is not self-therapy, it is gazing into a disease not with the aim of curing it, but to penetrate into it and dissolve in it. Nelson recalls: “For Plato, color, along with poetry, was a dangerous drug. Both, in his opinion, should have been expelled from the state. About artists, he said that they only grind paints and mix potions, and he called the color a kind of pharmacon… “Pharmacon is translated from Greek as” medicine “, but medicine, like any substance (and color), has not only a healing property – the same word was used to denote poison.

    And if the addressees of “Sinets” are the writer herself, and at the same time the trigger of her painful sensations, a former lover, then the central heroine of the book becomes the writer’s friend, paralyzed after a car accident. Her immobilized body continues to live; Nelson does not name her, and throughout the book refers to her descriptively as “paralyzed girlfriend. “The letter develops and branches, the girlfriend’s body continues to live without movement, but this does not mean that it is dead. A paralyzed woman learns a new way of being in a world without a body that constantly hurts. Nelson endows her with the gift of providence, because martyrdom grants a new register of speech, and the immobility of a friend makes people come to her as if to a holy relic or a prophetess.

    Nelson has a wonderful and careless relationship with blue things. Nelson is mesmerized by a plastic awning that flutters in the wind in rainy weather, pebbles on the coast, bordered with blue paint, plastic shards and crumbs of rat poison.Her craving for blue does not lead to meticulous collecting, she does not maintain a catalog of things and does not allocate new spaces in her own home for acquired objects. She herself writes that blue things are on one of the shelves, and without regret she admits that she treats them carelessly – many of them need to be hidden from light and dust, but she does not, things fade and smolder. The very thought of this color and her emotional contact with it is much more important than things. Things are just fragments of the great abyss, they bear its imprint on themselves, but they themselves are not, because the abyss, unlike God, does not live in every object marked by it.More often than not, blue things are disappointing and disappointing; Nelson went a long way to visit Yves Klein’s exhibition, but when she approached his indigo sculptures, she was disappointed. Klein did not revive the color, he made it a dead thing, belonging to himself. Nelson wants to speak with color, to be with him and in him, but a handful of blue pigment is inviolable and mute.

    Photo: No Kidding Press

    Writing about color, mental illness, love and philosophy cannot but lead to the question of the nature of writing itself and its relationship with memory.To the pharmacon, Nelson adds a mordant, “a means for fixing a color or its introduction according to the principle of a tattoo needle . ..” Mordant, like a pharmacon, has two opposite effects – fixing (memory) and corroding, violation of integrity. Is this not a letter – a constant disturbing effect of a writing object or a printed letter on a sheet, and is it not a memory – signs and names, events and experiences that we keep inside ourselves and which constantly disturb our peace. But more often it is necessary to make an effort to remember, and even more effort to forget.And the main guardian and source of the impulse for writing, as in the case of color, is the body, and the body remembers everything – even what a person forgets.

    The next day after reading the book, I told my wife about how in early childhood my whole family became infected with scabies, and the doctor sent everyone to daily procedures at the dermatovenerologic dispensary. For two weeks we went to the dispensary at seven in the morning to be soaked in special alkaline baths, poured with an ice shower, and then wrapped in sheets soaked in some kind of solution that smelled like a rotten rag and something sour. I was about five years old, and now I am recalling my own memory, not remembering a single detail. For example, I can remember huge iron-legged bathtubs, tiles, hoses, and the bodies of my parents. But I cannot pull out these memories, I cannot reconstruct them and say, for example: to the left of the entrance there was a waiting bench, and on the third tile from the top, I remember several intersecting cracks. No, this is not how my memory works. I remember only a strong unpleasant cold, a feeling of shame and nakedness, and also a solid dirty beige color.

    Is it not color that fills painful memories, does it protect us from them, gradually merging with our wound? And isn’t that why he is so attractive?

    Tempered glass unit for PVC plastic windows

    * The price is indicated for a double-chamber tempered glass unit 32 mm thick with the formula 6Zak-9-4-9-4 (two glasses of 4 mm, outer tempered 6 mm, with spacers of 9 mm).

    Features

    Before tempering, the glasses undergo a thorough defect identification, are checked for internal voids and surface chips. Heat treatment is carried out in special ovens that ensure uniform heating of all layers. With subsequent double-sided cooling, the surfaces solidify and gain strength, the inner layers retain their viscosity.

    As a result, a double-glazed unit is obtained, which is 5 times stronger than ordinary glass. However, high mechanical stability inevitably increases costs. The fact is that hardened glass is not subjected to further processing: cutting, grinding, tinting and drilling are performed before the start of heat treatment.

    A feature of tempered glass insulating glass units is a high level of safety. Destruction resistance is a mandatory requirement for such products. In particular, each square fragment with an area of ​​50 * 50 mm is broken on average into 200 fragments. In addition, the glass surface can withstand the fall of a soft body or a steel ball from a height of 2-3 meters without breaking the integrity.

    Benefits

    • High strength and resistance to mechanical stress;
    • In case of damage, no large shards with sharp edges are formed;
    • Glass is neutral to significant temperature changes;
    • The light transmittance of the surface is not affected by hardening.

    The disadvantages of the product are: relatively high cost and impossibility of additional processing.

    Where double-glazed windows are used

    Tempered glass is used in energy-saving and vandal-proof glass units with an aluminum or plastic profile. The products are suitable for single or multi-chamber glazing. In the second case, only the outer glass can be tempered.

    Double-glazed windows are used in residential and office buildings, are often installed in hospitals and preschool educational institutions, have proven themselves to be excellent in glazing high-rise buildings.

    90,000 Spectacle lens material: glass or plastic – which is better?

    Published:

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    When ordering medical glasses, choosing the correct spectacle lenses is of paramount importance. When selecting them, you need to pay special attention to the material from which they are made. Fortunately, there are only two options to choose from, as spectacle lenses come in glass or plastic. We’ll take a look at the pros and cons of each option so you can determine which lenses meet your eyewear needs.

    Advantages of plastic spectacle lenses

    There is an opinion that plastic lenses are less durable and reliable than glass lenses. Many people think that they scratch more quickly and more. Indeed, plastic is softer than glass, and, therefore, should be more susceptible to mechanical damage during everyday wear. But now all plastic spectacle lenses are produced with a special hardening protective coating, which completely eliminates this disadvantage.

    There is also a misconception that in terms of their optical qualities plastic lenses are inferior to glass ones, that plastic has the wrong shade and the wrong transparency. But modern plastic lenses are made from a special type of polymers that are no different in their optical characteristics from glass. They are completely transparent and have no tint, so they do not degrade image quality.

    In addition, plastic spectacle lenses have a number of advantages:

    · Plastic lenses are twice lighter than glass ones, so it is more comfortable to wear glasses with them for a long time;

    · Plastic lenses are much less traumatic than glass.Firstly, the plastic itself is more resistant to splitting, and secondly, its fragments are not as sharp and dangerous. For example, in the United States, almost all glasses are made with plastic lenses precisely for safety reasons. Glass lenses are inserted into glasses there only for special medical reasons;

    · Plastic allows you to paint spectacle lenses in any cosmetic colors and even in various color combinations with complex transitions;

    · It is very beneficial for eye health that plastic itself has the property of absorbing UV rays, providing protection to the eyes from their harmful effects.

    Advantages of glass spectacle lenses

    Glass lenses for spectacles also have advantages that provide spectacles with high quality performance.

    · First of all, glass spectacle lenses are durable (except for shock loads), they are less susceptible to mechanical damage than plastic lenses, so they can last a long time and reliably;

    · In addition, glass lenses are more resistant to high temperatures and chemicals;

    · Glass spectacle lenses can be much thinner than plastic ones, which is noticeable even at minimum diopters.This is possible due to the fact that glass is stronger than plastic and the fact that its refractive index is higher. Glass lenses can be inserted into a thinner frame and they will look more neat and easy, which is especially important at high diopters.

    Whichever spectacle lenses you choose, plastic or glass, the main thing is that in them you can see clearly and comfortably with daily wear. Various coatings can be applied to spectacle lenses to facilitate lens care and improve performance.Check out the different types of eyeglass covers and choose the ones you need.

    How to order glasses with matching spectacle lenses

    In the optics salon “Prosto Optics” you can choose a suitable frame and order medical glasses with high-quality spectacle lenses. If you need to check your eyesight, you can do it right in our salon – when ordering and buying glasses, a vision test and a prescription for glasses are free!

    The salon specialist will tell you about the advantages of spectacle lenses made of different materials and from different manufacturers and will help you in choosing the glasses that are right for you.

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    ROZENBAL plastic clothespins – “Excellent clothespins, but they crumble into sharp fragments that fly to the sides. »

    I bought these clothespins more than 3 years ago. First I bought one pack, then two more. I liked that the clothespins are of a calm, universal color. Made of plastic, which, unlike wood, does not darken and does not stain laundry.

    Rozenbal clothespins are large in size, so they are perfect even for thick fabrics.But thin fabrics are also attached to the rope perfectly, and the thing is that clothespins have two holes of different sizes, smaller and larger.

    Clothespins Rozenbal

    I bought clothespins to use them both indoors and outdoors. It seemed to me that the plastic from which they are made is very durable and high quality. This is true to the touch and during the initial visual inspection, but during operation it turned out that it was not.

    At first I really liked the clothespins, so I even bought them additionally, completely replacing the existing motley clothespins of different colors and qualities, so that all clothespins were the same – beautiful, comfortable and of high quality.

    Clothespins Rozenbal

    But in the process of operation the minuses began to come to light. Despite the fact that the clothespins are large, when you use them to fix especially thick things, the clothespins sometimes fly out of the metal mount and you get 3 independent parts that are not so easy to put together again.

    Further, the clothespins began to crumble when pressed unsuccessfully. Well, for example, if you press on the clothespin, taking it by the very ends, then the tip can crack and break off.

    Tips break off

    And often clothespins just crumble when used. They crumble, scattering into sharp fragments that can be dangerous for children and animals. The fragments are scattered in different directions and you can not see where the sharp particles fell.

    This is how the clothespins crumble.

    Rozenbal clothespins, I have not so many left in the end.It was convenient to use them, but since they began to crumble and pose a danger, I will not recommend them. But since they are comfortable and served me for a while without complaints, I will give them 3 points.

    Dolav Safety Plastic | Crispy News

    Glass and brittle plastic are not the same, but both of these materials, when hit hard and dropped from a height, fly into small pieces that are difficult to track.

    Fragile plastic is usually made of acrylic polymers (including plexiglass and PMMA), and non-brittle plastic is usually made of polycarbonate.Non-fragile plastic is more resistant to impact, but still susceptible to cracking and destruction.

    If you look closely, you will see plastic objects in every area of ​​the food production:

    • Lighting fixtures
    • Conveyor belts and guides on equipment
    • Polymer protective screens on technological lines
    • Housings of monitors and control panels, signal buttons
    • Handles of technological equipment (knives, scissors, scissors) and cleaning equipment
    • All kinds containers, trays and boxes for raw materials, semi-finished products or finished products

    It is impossible to completely abandon fragile plastic in modern production: it has too many applications.

    How to reduce risks?

    Stationary plastic items (for example, protective screens of equipment and caps on lamps) must be regularly inspected for integrity, all damage must be recorded in special checklists and any damaged items must be promptly removed and replaced.

    The situation with plastic containers is much more complicated. It circulates in different parts of the enterprise, and the number of boxes used simultaneously during the day can reach several hundred.

    Damaged plastic boxes and trays are one of the main causes of debris entering the product during production. Containers are widely used in the meat, fish, dairy, confectionery industries, and in public catering.

    Finding plastic chips and debris caught in a product, semi-finished product or ingredients is a difficult task. Not every shard can be seen with the naked eye. The most effective method of finding them today is X-ray detectors, but X-Ray is very expensive and not all manufacturers have it.

    Dolav has been manufacturing plastic containers for over 40 years and knows that, unlike X-rays, metal controllers – metal detectors – are no longer expensive exotic and are installed in a variety of food enterprises. It’s ingenious – simple: Ace’s large plastic containers (containers for storing vegetables, meat and other products) contain detectable metal particles.